Worker Drug Use and Workplace Policies and Programs: Results from the 1994 and 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 

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Current Illicit Drug Use
 
Current Heavy Alcohol Use
 
Total Labor Force
Employment Status
Percent Reporting Drug Use
Estimated Number of Users
Employment
Status Distribution
 
Percent Reporting Use of Alcohol
Estimated Number of Users
Employment Status Distribution
 
Estimated Number
Distribution
1994
   
Total
8.4
8,622,000
100.0
 
8.3
8,501,000
100.0
 
102,424,000
100.0
Full-Time
7.6
5,969,000
69.2
 
8.4
6,576,000
77.4
 
78,745,000
76.8
Part-Time
9.0
1,495,000
17.3
 
7.0
1,156,000
13.6
 
16,530,000
16.1
Unemployed
16.2
1,159,000
13.4
 
10.8
769,000
9.0
 
7,149,000
7.1
1997
   
Total
8.6
8,969,000
100.0
 
7.7
8,072,007
100.0
 
104,900,000
100.0
Full-Time
7.7
6,316,000
70.4
 
7.6
6,247,000
77.4
 
81,840,000
78.1
Part-Time
9.3
1,488,000
16.6
 
6.3
997,000
12.4
 
15,970,000
15.2
Unemployed
16.5
1,165,000
13.0
 
11.7
827,000
10.2
 
7,055,000
6.7
Table 1.2 Trends in Percentage of Persons, Age 18-49, Reporting Drug Use, by Employment Status, 1985-1997
Employment Status
Current Illicit Drug Use
 
Current Heavy Alcohol Use1
1985
1988
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
 
1985
1988
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
Total
16.5
10.2
8.9
8.9
8.0
8.1
8.4
7.9
8.4
8.6
 
8.5
6.5
6.8
7.6
7.0
7.0
8.3
7.5
7.4
7.7
Full-time
17.5
10.4
8.6
7.9
7.4
7.7
7.6
6.8
7.7
7.7
 
11.2
8.1
8.6
8.5
7.8
8.5
8.4
7.8
8.2
7.6
Part-time
15.8
12.1
10.6
10.8
8.7
10.6
9.0
10.2
9.7
9.3
 
7.4
7.3
6.8
6.9
6.9
6.4
7.0
6.5
5.9
6.3
Unemployed
27.6
20.5
15.5
18.7
16.6
14.0
16.2
15.7
15.1
16.5
 
6.9
7.8
6.4
11.1
10.7
11.5
10.8
11.1
11.1
11.7
 
Employment Status
Past Year Illicit Drug Use
1985
1988
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
Total
26.5
19.5
18.4
17.4
16.0
16.6
15.9
14.3
14.9
15.0
Full-time
25.5
18.9
17.9
14.8
13.9
14.8
14.1
13.0
13.8
13.7
Part-time
22.8
18.7
16.5
16.4
16.6
17.8
16.4
16.9
18.0
16.3
Unemployed
35.8
27.1
25.7
29.4
25.7
21.9
25.4
24.4
26.7
26.6
Type of Drug 
Percent of Total Population
 
Percent of Persons Reporting Any Current Illicit Drug Use 
1994
1997
 
1994
1997
Marijuana  
6.4
6.0
 
84.6
77.5
Cocaine  
0.9
0.8
 
11.3
10.7
Psychotherapeutics 1  
1.4
1.5
 
19.1
19.0
Hallucinogens 2  
0.5
0.8
 
6.8
10.3
Heroin  
0.1
0.1
 
0.7
1.5
Inhalants 3  
0.4
0.3
 
5.0
4.2
Marijuana only  
4.8
4.9
 
63.9
63.0
Any illicit drug other than marijuana  
2.7
2.9
 
36.1
37.0
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