Worker Drug Use and Workplace Policies and Programs: Results from the 1994 and 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 

Previous PageTable Of ContentsList Of FiguresList Of TablesNext Page

 
Illicit Drug Use
 
Heavy Alcohol Use
Demographic Characteristics
1994
1997
 
1994
1997
Total
7.6
7.7
 
8.4
7.6
Age Group

18-25

26-34

35-49

 

12.4

8.6

5.4

 

13.5

7.2

6.3

   

13.6

8.9

6.3

 

11.7

7.9

6.3

Gender

Male

Female

 

9.3

5.2

 

9.8

4.6

   

11.9

3.3

 

11.1

2.5

Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic

Black, non-Hispanic

Hispanic

 

8.3

6.5

5.6

 

8.5

6.2

5.2

   

8.9

5.2

8.8

 

8.1

4.4

9.8

Education

Less than high school

High school graduate

Some college

College graduate

 

9.7

8.3

7.5

6.1

 

11.2

7.9

8.7

5.2

   

13.2

10.0

8.3

4.7

 

14.7

7.1

7.3

5.8

Region

Northeast

North Central

South

West

 

7.6

7.4

8.2

6.7

 

5.6

9.0

7.1

9.3

   

8.1

11.1

8.4

5.6

 

8.0

8.8

7.2

6.8

Personal Income

Less than $9,000

$9,000-$19,999

$20,000-$39,999

$40,000-$74,999

$75,000 or more

 

13.3

9.5

6.2

4.4

12.1

 

14.5

8.6

6.7

6.7

9.3

   

9.3

10.8

7.1

8.1

5.7

 

9.1

9.4

7.3

8.1

2.1

 
Illicit Drug Use
 
Heavy Alcohol Use
 
Total Population (age 18-49)
Demographic Characteristics
1994
1997
 
1994
1997
 
1994
1997
Total (in 1000's)

(Total Percent)

5,969

(100.0)

6,316

(100.0)

 
6,576

(100.0)

6,248

(100.0)

 
78,737

(100.0)

81,837

(100.0)

Age Group (%)

18-25

26-34

35-49

 

26.6

36.1

37.2

 

28.3

28.0

43.7

   

26.7

34.0

39.4

 

24.8

31.0

44.2

   

16.3

31.8

51.9

 

16.2

29.9

53.9

Gender (%)

Male

Female

 

71.9

28.1

 

75.9

24.1

   

83.8

16.2

 

86.5

13.5

   

58.9

41.1

 

59.5

40.5

Race/Ethnicity (%)

White, non-Hispanic

Black, non-Hispanic

Hispanic

 

82.1

9.4

7.1

 

81.1

8.8

7.5

   

79.9

6.9

10.1

 

78.7

6.3

14.3

   

78.5

11.5

10.0

 

77.0

11.5

11.5

Education (%)

Less than high school

High school graduate

Some college

College graduate

 

14.8

36.4

24.7

24.0

 

16.5

34.0

30.4

19.0

   

18.4

39.9

24.8

16.9

 

22.0

30.9

25.9

21.2

   

11.6

33.3

24.9

30.1

 

11.4

33.4

27.1

28.1

Region (%)

Northeast

North Central

South

West

 

18.1

23.4

39.4

19.2

 

12.9

27.4

35.2

24.6

   

17.3

31.6

36.4

14.7

 

18.7

27.2

36.0

18.1

   

17.9

23.8

36.4

21.9

 

17.8

23.5

38.4

20.4

Personal Income (%)

Less than $9,000

$9,000-$19,999

$20,000-$39,999

$40,000-$74,999

$75,000 or more

 

15.4

36.1

32.2

11.1

5.3

 

13.0

28.8

33.7

17.7

6.7

   

9.6

36.7

33.2

18.3

2.2

 

8.2

31.7

37.0

21.6

1.7 

   

8.9

28.9

39.6

19.3

3.3

 

7.1

26.5

39.7

20.9

5.7

Table 2.3 Percentage and Estimated Number of Illicit Drug and Heavy Alcohol Users Among Full-Time Workers, Age 18-49, by Establishment Size, 1994 and 1997
 
Illicit Drug Use
 
Heavy Alcohol Use1
 
Total Full-Time Workers
Establishment Size
Percent
Estimated Number
 
Percent
Estimated Number
 
Percent
Estimated Number
1994
Total 7.6 5,895,000   8.4 6,568,000   100.0 77,842,000
1-24 Employees 11.0 3,336,000   9.6 2,896,000   38.9 30,251,000
25-499 Employees 5.4 1,783,000   7.9 2,626,000   42.7 33,234,000
500+ Employees 5.4 776,000   7.3 1,046,000   18.4 14,357,000
1997
Total 7.7 6,266,000   7.6 6,190,000   100.0 81,282,000
1-24 Employees 8.6a 2,752,000   7.0b 2,223,000   39.2 31,894,000
25-499 Employees 7.6b 2,694,000   8.3 2,921,000   43.4 35,250,000
500+ Employees 5.8 820,000   7.4 1,046,000   17.4 14,139,000
Table 2.4 Percentage of Full-Time Workers, Age 18-49, Reporting Current Illicit Drug and Heavy Alcohol Use, by Occupation Categories, 1994 and 1997
Occupation Category  
Current Illicit Drug Use
 
Heavy Alcohol Use1
 
1994
1997
Diff.2
 
1994
1997
Diff.2
Total  
7.6
7.7
0.1
 
8.4
7.5
-0.9
Executive, Administrative & Managerial  
5.5
8.9
3.4
 
6.5
7.1
0.6
Professional Specialty  
5.1
5.1
0.1
 
4.3
4.4
0.1
Technicians & Related Support  
5.5
7.0
1.5
 
6.2
5.1
-1.1
Sales  
11.4
9.1
-2.3
 
8.3
4.1
-4.2b
Administrative Support  
5.9
3.2
-2.8a
 
3.5
5.1
1.7
Protective Service  
3.2
3.0
-0.3
 
6.3
7.8
1.5
Food Preparation, Waiters, Waitresses & Bartenders  
11.4
18.7
7.3
 
12.2
15.0
2.8
Other Service  
5.6
12.5
6.9
 
5.1
11.4
6.4
Precision Production & Repair  
7.9
4.4
-3.5
 
13.1
11.6
-1.5
Construction  
15.6
14.1
-1.4
 
17.6
12.4
-5.2
Extractive & Precision Production  
8.6
4.4
-4.1
 
12.9
5.5
-7.4a
Machine Operators & Inspectors  
10.5
8.9
-1.6
 
13.5
9.0
-4.6
Transportation & Material Moving  
5.3
10.0
4.7
 
13.1
10.8
-2.3
Handlers, Helpers & Laborers  
10.6
6.5
-4.1
 
15.7
13.5
-2.2
Previous PageTop Of PageTable Of ContentsList Of FiguresList Of TablesNext Page