Worker Drug Use and Workplace Policies and Programs: Results from the 1994 and 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse
Figure 4.1 Percentage of Full-Time Workers, Age 18-49, Reporting that Their Workplace Provides Information, Has a Written Policy, or Provides Access to an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) Concerning Drug or Alcohol Use, by Establishment Size, 1994 and 1997
Information on Alcohol or Drug Use
Employee Assistance Program
were about as likely than those who reported current illicit drug use to report that their workplaces (1) provided information about drug and alcohol use (74.2% vs. 67.5%), (2) had a written policy about drug and alcohol use (71.0% vs. 64.0%), and (3) had an EAP (50.5% vs. 43.2%).
There were substantial and statistically significant changes between 1994 and 1997 in the frequency of access to an EAP for workers in small establishments. Current illicit drug users in 1997 in small establishments were more likely than current illicit drug users in 1994 in small establishments to report that their workplaces provided access to EAPs or other types of counseling programs for employees with alcohol or drug-related problems (28.2% vs. 14.8%). However, regardless of whether the respondents were current illicit drug users or not, the percentage of full-time workers at large establishments reporting the availability of an EAP or any other counseling program dropped significantly from 1994 to 1997 (from 86.2% in 1994 to 68.5% in 1997 for current illicit drug users and from 82.2% to 75.8% for non-users).
Both the 1994 and the 1997 data indicated that workers in small workplaces, were least likely to have information or a written policy about drug and alcohol use. In 1994 and in 1997, workers were more likely to report that their workplaces provided information about drug and alcohol use or had a written policy about drug and alcohol use than to report that their workplaces had access to employee assistance programs.
This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.