Worker Drug Use and Workplace Policies and Programs:
Results from the 1994 and 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse
Establishment Size and Drug Use Testing Programs
Figure 5.2 shows the frequency of drug testing
programs at small, medium, and large organizations. Detailed estimates
are presented in Table 5.1.
Employees at workplaces with large establishment
sizes reported more frequently that each of the workplace testing programs
was conducted at their establishments than those at small or medium-size
In 1997, about three-fourths (73.6%) of the
employees in the large establishments reported that their workplace had
at least one type of workplace testing program; slightly more than half
(57.5%) of the employees in the medium-size establishments reported at
least one type of workplace testing program; but only slightly more than
one quarter (27.5%) of the employees in small-size establishments reported
that their workplace had at least one type of workplace testing program.
Figure 5.2 Percent
of Full-Time Workers, Age 18 - 49, Reporting Workplace Drug Testing Programs,
by Type of Program and Establishment Size, 1994 and 1997
Small Establishment (1 -24 Employees)
Medium Establishment (25 - 499 Employees)
Large Establishment (500 or More Employees)
Between 1994 and 1997, the percentage of
full-time workers, age 18-49, reporting various testing programs increased
significantly. There were only two exceptions: first, the proportion of
employees in medium and large establishments reporting testing upon suspicion
did not increase significantly between 1994 and 1997; second, although
a larger proportion of employees in medium and large establishments reported
that their employers conducted drug testing at hiring in 1997 than in 1994,
these increases were not found to be statistically significant.
This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.