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Prevalence of Substance Use Among Racial & Ethnic Subgroups in the U.S.

Table 2.2 Estimated Population Sizes of Racial/Ethnic Subgroups:  NHSDA 1991-1993 and U.S. Census 1990

Racial/Ethnic Group

1991-1993 NHSDA (age 12+)*


1990 U.S. Census1 (all ages)

Sample Size

Population Estimate

Pop. %


Population Estimate

Pop. %

Native American (including American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut) 2

416

1,350,000

0.7


1,960,000

0.8

Asian/Pacific Islander 2

2,591

5,690,000

2.8


7,270,000

2.9

Hispanic

21,958

17,180,000

8.4


21,900,000

8.8

Caribbean

611

420,000

0.2


520,000 3

0.2

Central American

1,962

1,120,000

0.5


1,320,000

0.5

Cuban

2,507

1,040,000

0.5


1,040,000

0.4

Mexican

11,699

10,020,000

4.9


13,500,000

5.4

Puerto Rican

2,923

2,460,000

1.2


2,730,000

1.1

South American

1,075

760,000

0.4


1,040,000

0.4

Other Hispanic4

1,181

1,360,000

0.7


1,920,000

0.8

Non-Hispanic blacks

20,744

23,230,000

11.3


29,280,000

11.8

Non-Hispanic whites

42,206

157,820,000

76.9


188,420,000

75.7

TOTAL

87,915

205,260,000

100.0


248,830,000

100.0

 

1. 1990 U.S. Census data. Data on Hispanic origin by country are based on a sample tabulation of responses to the long form question on ancestry. From U.S. Bureau of the Census,

2. Native American (n =826) and Asian/Pacific Islander (n =305) respondents who also identified themselves as Hispanics were classified as Hispanics.

3. The Caribbean estimate from the 1990 Census is based on a sample tabulation of persons who identified themselves as Dominican in responses to the long form ancestry item.

4. The "other" Hispanic category is comprised mostly of respondents who reported a Hispanic group of "Spanish (Spain)" or "Spanish American." This group also includes respondents who indicated that they were Portuguese, Filipino, "mixed," or did not report a specific Hispanic group.

* NHSDA data were post-stratified to 1980 Census tables by age, gender, and race/ethnicity.

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This page was last updated on May 19, 2008.