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Prevalence of Substance Use Among Racial & Ethnic Subgroups in the U.S.

Table 3.1 Percentage Distribution of Racial/Ethnic Groups by Sociodemographic Variables. Respondents Aged 12 and Older, 1991-1993.


Total

Native American

Asian/Pacific Islander

Hispanic: Caribbean

Hispanic: Central American

Hispanic: Cuban

Hispanic: Mexican

Hispanic: Puerto Rican

Hispanic: South American

Hispanic: other

Non-Hispanic blacks

Non-Hispanic whites

Age

12-17

18-25

26-34

35+

 

10.1

13.8

18.5

57.6

 

12.4

15.6

17.8

54.2

 

11.4

16.4

20.2

51.9

 

15.1

16.4

25.8

42.6

 

11.7

22.1

29.4

36.8

 

6.4

10.2

17.2

66.2

 

15.4

21.1

24.7

38.7

 

14.2

15.3

21.0

49.5

 

11.8

18.0

23.4

46.8

 

11.1

10.4

19.5

58.9

 

13.5

16.6

19.8

50.1

 

9.1

12.7

17.7

60.5

Gender

Male

Female

 

48.0

52.0

 

45.6

54.4

 

47.8

52.2

 

46.4

53.6

 

43.7

56.3

 

46.5

53.5

 

52.4

47.6

 

46.0

54.0

 

49.8

50.2

 

46.4

53.6

 

45.1

54.9

 

48.2

51.8

Region

Northeast

North Central

South

West

 

20.3

23.8

35.4

20.4

 

9.8

11.7

42.5

36.0

 

19.1

13.0

16.8

51.2

 

83.6

1.0

13.9

1.4

 

19.2

3.5

27.8

49.5

 

19.5

3.1

70.3

7.1

 

1.6

9.5

31.4

57.6

 

63.8

11.2

17.2

7.7

 

36.8

6.0

30.8

26.4

 

6.9

5.9

16.6

70.7

 

18.3

19.8

52.8

9.1

 

21.0

26.5

34.1

18.3

Population Density

MSA >1million

Other MSA

Not in MSA

 

44.2

32.6

23.3

 

29.3

29.2

41.4

 

74.2

21.5

4.2

 

88.6

9.8

1.6

 

89.1

9.0

1.9

 

84.9

11.4

3.6

 

61.9

29.6

8.5

 

75.5

20.1

4.4

 

79.0

15.5

5.4

 

31.2

22.2

46.6

 

59.2

26.8

14.0

 

38.5

34.7

26.8

Interview

Spanish

English

 

2.3

97.7

 

0.0

100.0

 

0.0

100.0

 

28.1

71.9

 

50.1

49.9

 

36.4

63.6

 

31.7

68.3

 

7.7

92.3

 

21.1

78.9

 

5.1

94.9

 

0.0

100.0

 

0.0

100.0

Family Income

<$20,000

$20-40,000

>$40,000

 

33.0

17.8

49.3

 

42.4

19.8

37.8

 

22.5

16.8

60.6

 

52.6

22.7

24.8

 

48.6

21.1

30.3

 

32.8

19.7

47.5

 

47.4

19.4

33.3

 

46.2

17.8

35.9

 

40.2

18.7

41.1

 

40.3

21.1

38.5

 

49.4

18.6

32.0

 

29.6

17.5

53.0

Education(1)

0-8 years

9-11 years

High school grad

> High school

 

8.3

13.8

33.9

44.0

 

6.2

19.7

31.4

42.8

 

4.6

7.7

26.9

60.9

 

29.2

21.4

29.9

19.5

 

33.4

17.8

23.3

25.5

 

19.8

12.0

30.8

37.3

 

33.1

20.0

23.7

23.2

 

14.6

26.9

30.4

28.2

 

10.4

10.5

34.3

44.7

 

15.4

17.9

33.8

32.9

 

9.2

20.2

37.0

33.6

 

6.4

12.5

34.4

46.7

Table 3.1 Percentage Distribution of Racial/Ethnic Groups by Sociodemographic Variables. Respondents Aged 12 and Older, 1991-1993. (continued)


Total

Native American

Asian/Pacific Islander

Hispanic: Caribbean

Hispanic: Central American

Hispanic: Cuban

Hispanic: Mexican

Hispanic: Puerto Rican

Hispanic: South American

Hispanic: other

Non-Hispanic blacks

Non-Hispanic whites

Marital Status(1)

Married

Widowed/div/sep.

Never married

 

61.8

18.1

20.2

 

58.4

24.9

16.7

 

60.9

10.8

28.4

 

54.7

21.3

24.0

 

58.5

12.0

29.5

 

63.9

18.3

17.8

 

61.3

14.0

24.7

 

52.8

21.5

25.7

 

57.6

14.2

28.2

 

63.4

18.0

18.5

 

41.6

26.1

32.4

 

64.8

17.4

17.8

Employment (1)

Employed

Unemployed

Not in labor force

 

63.2

6.0

30.8

 

60.7

15.5

23.8

 

70.8

5.8

23.4

 

57.2

11.7

31.1

 

67.8

9.7

22.5

 

67.2

5.5

27.4

 

66.4

8.8

24.8

 

59.3

10.0

30.7

 

64.2

10.0

25.8

 

60.1

7.8

32.1

 

60.2

11.4

28.4

 

63.2

5.0

31.9

Children

None

1 or more

 

61.5

38.5

 

51.0

49.0

 

58.5

41.5

 

47.7

52.3

 

46.5

53.5

 

54.3

45.7

 

49.8

50.2

 

52.1

47.9

 

54.3

45.7

 

55.3

44.7

 

58.5

41.5

 

63.1

36.9

Welfare Receipt

Yes

No

 

5.0

95.0

 

15.4

84.5

 

5.6

94.4

 

20.3

79.7

 

5.4

94.6

 

6.2

93.8

 

8.0

92.0

 

18.1

81.9

 

6.0

94.0

 

6.8

93.2

 

14.0

86.0

 

3.1

96.9

Insurance Coverage

Yes

No

 

85.7

14.3

 

69.0

31.0

 

83.2

16.8

 

64.5

35.5

 

52.2

47.8

 

77.2

22.8

 

63.4

36.6

 

79.9

20.1

 

66.0

34.0

 

81.0

19.0

 

81.7

18.3

 

88.5

11.5

Mean Number of People in Household

3.2

3.4

3.8

3.9

4.5

3.4

4.5

3.7

3.6

3.4

3.5

3.0

 
1 Percentages for education, employment, and marital status are calculated using respondents aged 18 or older.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1991-93.

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This page was last updated on May 19, 2008.