2005-2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands) (50 States and the District of Columbia)

130319
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 20,054 (19,451 - 20,672) 2,499 (2,410 - 2,592) 6,521 (6,348 - 6,697) 11,034 (10,498 - 11,594) 17,555 (16,963 - 18,163)
Northeast 4,037 (3,823 - 4,267) 463 (434 - 494) 1,333 (1,270 - 1,397) 2,242 (2,045 - 2,456) 3,575 (3,366 - 3,798)
Midwest 4,244 (4,060 - 4,434) 558 (529 - 589) 1,417 (1,359 - 1,476) 2,269 (2,104 - 2,446) 3,686 (3,507 - 3,870)
South 6,683 (6,389 - 6,989) 868 (824 - 914) 2,182 (2,095 - 2,272) 3,633 (3,362 - 3,926) 5,815 (5,527 - 6,117)
West 5,090 (4,809 - 5,382) 610 (567 - 657) 1,590 (1,506 - 1,677) 2,889 (2,636 - 3,164) 4,479 (4,203 - 4,769)
Alabama 280 (239 - 327) 41 (34 - 49) 89   (75 - 105) 150 (118 - 189) 239 (200 - 284)
Alaska 58 (50 - 67) 7 (6 - 9) 17 (15 - 19) 34 (27 - 42) 51 (43 - 60)
Arizona 395 (334 - 464) 55 (45 - 67) 117   (98 - 138) 222 (176 - 280) 339 (283 - 405)
Arkansas 192 (164 - 225) 28 (23 - 33) 61 (52 - 70) 104   (81 - 132) 164 (138 - 196)
California 2,684 (2,461 - 2,925) 322 (287 - 360) 828 (760 - 901) 1,534 (1,337 - 1,757) 2,362 (2,144 - 2,600)
Colorado 389 (335 - 449) 41 (34 - 49) 135 (118 - 155) 213 (171 - 265) 349 (297 - 406)
Connecticut 267 (228 - 312) 31 (26 - 37) 92   (78 - 106) 144 (114 - 183) 236 (199 - 279)
Delaware 57 (49 - 66) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (17 - 24) 29 (23 - 37) 50 (42 - 59)
District of Columbia 52 (45 - 61) 4 (3 - 5) 17 (14 - 19) 32 (26 - 39) 49 (41 - 57)
Florida 1,223 (1,116 - 1,341) 143 (128 - 160) 382 (352 - 414) 698 (604 - 805) 1,079    (976 - 1,195)
Georgia 577 (487 - 680) 72 (58 - 87) 182 (153 - 214) 323 (254 - 411) 505 (421 - 604)
Hawaii 83   (69 - 100) 11   (9 - 13) 25 (21 - 29) 48 (37 - 63) 73 (59 - 88)
Idaho 84 (72 - 99) 11   (9 - 14) 29 (25 - 34) 44 (34 - 55) 73 (61 - 87)
Illinois 773 (703 - 849) 110   (98 - 123) 262 (240 - 286) 401 (341 - 470) 663 (596 - 737)
Indiana 418 (360 - 484) 53 (44 - 64) 142 (122 - 165) 222 (177 - 278) 365 (310 - 428)
Iowa 156 (131 - 185) 23 (19 - 28) 55 (45 - 65) 78   (60 - 101) 133 (109 - 160)
Kansas 175 (148 - 206) 21 (17 - 26) 59 (50 - 69) 95   (74 - 121) 154 (128 - 184)
Kentucky 242 (204 - 283) 34 (28 - 40) 76 (64 - 90) 131 (103 - 167) 208 (173 - 248)
Louisiana 297 (253 - 347) 37 (30 - 44) 99   (83 - 116) 161 (128 - 203) 260 (219 - 309)
Maine 115 (100 - 132) 14 (12 - 17) 39 (34 - 44) 62 (49 - 77) 100   (86 - 117)
Maryland 285 (239 - 339) 39 (32 - 49) 92   (76 - 110) 154 (118 - 199) 245 (202 - 297)
Massachusetts 542 (470 - 624) 59 (49 - 71) 192 (168 - 217) 291 (233 - 362) 483 (414 - 562)
Michigan 735 (677 - 798) 94   (85 - 104) 234 (216 - 252) 408 (357 - 465) 641 (585 - 703)
Minnesota 346 (294 - 406) 44 (37 - 53) 114   (96 - 134) 188 (147 - 238) 302 (253 - 359)
Mississippi 177 (150 - 208) 23 (19 - 28) 58 (49 - 69) 96   (76 - 122) 154 (129 - 184)
Missouri 380 (326 - 444) 49 (40 - 59) 123 (106 - 143) 209 (165 - 262) 332 (280 - 393)
Montana 85 (74 - 98) 10   (9 - 12) 26 (23 - 30) 48 (39 - 60) 75 (64 - 88)
Nebraska 102   (86 - 119) 13 (11 - 16) 38 (33 - 45) 50 (39 - 65) 88   (74 - 105)
Nevada 187 (159 - 219) 21 (18 - 26) 52 (45 - 61) 113   (90 - 141) 165 (139 - 196)
New Hampshire 99   (85 - 114) 12 (10 - 14) 37 (32 - 42) 50 (39 - 63) 87   (74 - 101)
New Jersey 534 (451 - 632) 69 (57 - 82) 165 (140 - 193) 300 (232 - 386) 465 (386 - 559)
New Mexico 135 (115 - 158) 20 (16 - 24) 46 (40 - 54) 69 (54 - 89) 115   (97 - 137)
New York 1,511 (1,382 - 1,653) 165 (147 - 184) 483 (445 - 524) 863 (749 - 993) 1,346 (1,220 - 1,485)
North Carolina 551 (470 - 644) 75 (62 - 89) 172 (148 - 200) 304 (240 - 383) 476 (399 - 566)
North Dakota 30 (24 - 36) 3 (3 - 4) 11   (9 - 14) 15 (11 - 21) 26 (21 - 33)
Ohio 752 (688 - 822) 97   (87 - 108) 245 (225 - 266) 410 (354 - 475) 655 (593 - 724)
Oklahoma 242 (204 - 287) 30 (24 - 36) 72 (60 - 85) 141 (110 - 180) 213 (176 - 256)
Oregon 296 (254 - 343) 33 (28 - 40) 87   (74 - 101) 175 (142 - 216) 262 (223 - 308)
Pennsylvania 807 (736 - 886) 96   (85 - 107) 265 (243 - 288) 447 (385 - 519) 712 (642 - 789)
Rhode Island 103   (89 - 118) 11   (9 - 13) 39 (34 - 44) 53 (42 - 66) 92   (79 - 106)
South Carolina 257 (221 - 301) 35 (29 - 42) 87   (74 - 102) 135 (106 - 172) 223 (188 - 265)
South Dakota 44 (37 - 52) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (13 - 18) 22 (17 - 29) 38 (31 - 45)
Tennessee 439 (376 - 511) 50 (41 - 59) 141 (121 - 162) 249 (199 - 311) 390 (329 - 460)
Texas 1,244 (1,132 - 1,365) 182 (161 - 205) 445 (404 - 490) 617 (527 - 722) 1,062    (955 - 1,180)
Utah 131 (110 - 157) 19 (15 - 23) 47 (39 - 58) 65 (50 - 85) 113   (93 - 137)
Vermont 60 (52 - 69) 7 (6 - 8) 22 (19 - 25) 32 (25 - 39) 53 (46 - 62)
Virginia 444 (375 - 525) 57 (47 - 68) 147 (124 - 173) 241 (187 - 309) 388 (323 - 465)
Washington 526 (454 - 608) 55 (46 - 66) 167 (145 - 192) 304 (244 - 376) 471 (401 - 550)
West Virginia 125 (107 - 144) 14 (12 - 17) 43 (37 - 50) 67 (53 - 85) 111   (93 - 130)
Wisconsin 334 (284 - 389) 44 (36 - 53) 118   (99 - 139) 172 (136 - 217) 290 (243 - 343)
Wyoming 37 (31 - 43) 4 (4 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 20 (15 - 25) 32 (27 - 38)
130319
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 25,406 (24,740 - 26,083) 3,369 (3,264 - 3,477) 9,151 (8,943 - 9,359) 12,886 (12,311 - 13,483) 22,037 (21,386 - 22,700)
Northeast 5,364 (5,133 - 5,611) 663 (628 - 700) 1,893 (1,824 - 1,963) 2,808 (2,594 - 3,039) 4,701 (4,474 - 4,943)
Midwest 5,574 (5,360 - 5,791) 732 (698 - 766) 2,052 (1,984 - 2,121) 2,791 (2,598 - 2,994) 4,842 (4,635 - 5,054)
South 8,163 (7,842 - 8,494) 1,131 (1,080 - 1,184) 2,984 (2,881 - 3,089) 4,048 (3,759 - 4,358) 7,032 (6,721 - 7,355)
West 6,306 (6,009 - 6,611) 844 (792 - 897) 2,222 (2,129 - 2,316) 3,240 (2,972 - 3,530) 5,462 (5,172 - 5,763)
Alabama 302 (256 - 356) 42 (36 - 50) 108   (93 - 125) 152 (116 - 197) 260 (216 - 311)
Alaska 75 (66 - 85) 10   (9 - 12) 25 (22 - 27) 40 (33 - 49) 65 (56 - 74)
Arizona 439 (375 - 512) 74 (62 - 88) 159 (138 - 183) 206 (159 - 266) 365 (306 - 434)
Arkansas 232 (200 - 267) 33 (28 - 39) 80 (70 - 90) 119   (93 - 150) 198 (168 - 233)
California 3,333 (3,095 - 3,589) 436 (395 - 482) 1,161 (1,086 - 1,239) 1,736 (1,522 - 1,978) 2,897 (2,665 - 3,149)
Colorado 493 (431 - 559) 62 (53 - 73) 184 (164 - 205) 247 (198 - 305) 431 (373 - 494)
Connecticut 391 (339 - 449) 49 (42 - 57) 131 (117 - 145) 211 (167 - 265) 341 (292 - 398)
Delaware 73 (64 - 84) 9   (8 - 11) 28 (24 - 32) 36 (29 - 46) 64 (55 - 75)
District of Columbia 72 (63 - 82) 5 (4 - 6) 26 (24 - 29) 41 (33 - 50) 67 (59 - 77)
Florida 1,456 (1,343 - 1,580) 192 (175 - 211) 521 (488 - 556) 743 (644 - 855) 1,264 (1,155 - 1,384)
Georgia 723 (617 - 843) 94   (79 - 112) 261 (227 - 299) 367 (286 - 469) 629 (529 - 743)
Hawaii 106   (90 - 125) 14 (12 - 17) 36 (31 - 41) 56 (43 - 74) 92   (76 - 110)
Idaho 107   (93 - 123) 16 (13 - 18) 43 (38 - 49) 48 (37 - 61) 91   (78 - 107)
Illinois 985    (909 - 1,068) 138 (125 - 152) 377 (351 - 403) 471 (406 - 545) 847 (774 - 927)
Indiana 481 (418 - 552) 65 (56 - 77) 186 (164 - 211) 229 (180 - 289) 415 (356 - 484)
Iowa 197 (167 - 230) 28 (23 - 33) 75 (64 - 87) 94   (72 - 123) 169 (141 - 201)
Kansas 243 (210 - 279) 32 (27 - 37) 92   (81 - 104) 120   (95 - 150) 211 (181 - 246)
Kentucky 302 (259 - 351) 41 (35 - 48) 109   (94 - 124) 153 (120 - 194) 261 (220 - 308)
Louisiana 342 (292 - 400) 46 (39 - 54) 127 (109 - 146) 170 (131 - 218) 296 (250 - 351)
Maine 152 (134 - 172) 19 (16 - 22) 54 (48 - 59) 80 (64 - 99) 133 (116 - 153)
Maryland 425 (368 - 489) 60 (51 - 71) 162 (142 - 184) 202 (159 - 257) 364 (311 - 426)
Massachusetts 704 (621 - 797) 83 (71 - 96) 264 (239 - 291) 356 (287 - 440) 621 (541 - 711)
Michigan 999    (932 - 1,073) 124 (113 - 136) 359 (338 - 382) 516 (456 - 582) 875 (810 - 946)
Minnesota 478 (412 - 551) 58 (50 - 68) 167 (147 - 189) 252 (199 - 319) 420 (357 - 491)
Mississippi 198 (168 - 232) 27 (23 - 33) 72 (62 - 84) 99   (76 - 127) 171 (143 - 203)
Missouri 482 (416 - 557) 64 (54 - 75) 163 (143 - 185) 255 (202 - 321) 418 (356 - 490)
Montana 112   (99 - 127) 13 (11 - 15) 40 (36 - 44) 59 (48 - 73) 99   (86 - 114)
Nebraska 134 (116 - 155) 17 (14 - 20) 53 (46 - 60) 65 (50 - 83) 118 (100 - 137)
Nevada 215 (183 - 251) 30 (25 - 35) 68 (59 - 78) 117   (91 - 149) 185 (156 - 219)
New Hampshire 137 (119 - 156) 16 (14 - 19) 52 (46 - 57) 69 (55 - 86) 121 (104 - 139)
New Jersey 694 (599 - 804) 99   (84 - 115) 243 (213 - 276) 352 (275 - 449) 595 (505 - 701)
New Mexico 165 (143 - 190) 27 (23 - 32) 63 (55 - 72) 75 (58 - 96) 138 (117 - 161)
New York 1,952 (1,813 - 2,103) 232 (212 - 253) 673 (630 - 717) 1,048    (923 - 1,187) 1,721 (1,585 - 1,868)
North Carolina 708 (608 - 823) 93   (78 - 109) 247 (218 - 278) 369 (289 - 469) 616 (521 - 725)
North Dakota 39 (33 - 46) 5 (4 - 6) 18 (15 - 20) 17 (12 - 22) 34 (29 - 40)
Ohio 1,008    (933 - 1,089) 133 (121 - 145) 353 (331 - 376) 522 (456 - 597) 875 (803 - 954)
Oklahoma 252 (216 - 293) 38 (32 - 45) 89   (76 - 104) 125   (97 - 160) 214 (180 - 253)
Oregon 409 (357 - 467) 53 (45 - 61) 131 (116 - 147) 225 (183 - 276) 356 (307 - 412)
Pennsylvania 1,116 (1,028 - 1,212) 142 (129 - 156) 395 (370 - 421) 579 (502 - 666) 974    (889 - 1,067)
Rhode Island 135 (119 - 153) 15 (13 - 18) 51 (46 - 56) 69 (56 - 84) 120 (105 - 137)
South Carolina 309 (266 - 359) 43 (36 - 51) 113   (99 - 129) 152 (119 - 194) 266 (226 - 314)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 63) 8   (7 - 10) 22 (19 - 25) 25 (19 - 32) 47 (40 - 55)
Tennessee 527 (453 - 612) 64 (54 - 74) 181 (159 - 205) 283 (223 - 358) 464 (393 - 546)
Texas 1,542 (1,418 - 1,675) 242 (218 - 268) 595 (547 - 645) 705 (605 - 820) 1,300 (1,182 - 1,428)
Utah 159 (135 - 187) 24 (19 - 29) 69 (58 - 82) 66 (50 - 88) 135 (113 - 162)
Vermont 84 (74 - 95) 9   (8 - 11) 30 (27 - 32) 45 (36 - 55) 75 (65 - 85)
Virginia 558 (482 - 645) 83 (70 - 97) 211 (186 - 239) 264 (206 - 337) 475 (404 - 557)
Washington 644 (561 - 736) 78 (67 - 91) 224 (199 - 251) 342 (275 - 424) 566 (488 - 654)
West Virginia 142 (123 - 163) 19 (16 - 22) 54 (48 - 60) 70 (55 - 89) 124 (105 - 144)
Wisconsin 473 (409 - 543) 61 (52 - 71) 187 (164 - 211) 226 (177 - 286) 412 (352 - 479)
Wyoming 48 (42 - 55) 6 (6 - 8) 18 (16 - 20) 23 (18 - 29) 41 (35 - 48)
130319
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,738 (14,236 - 15,256) 1,713 (1,637 - 1,792) 5,363 (5,198 - 5,530) 7,663 (7,222 - 8,130) 13,026 (12,531 - 13,537)
Northeast 3,125 (2,952 - 3,313) 343 (319 - 369) 1,166 (1,105 - 1,230) 1,616 (1,462 - 1,786) 2,782 (2,614 - 2,964)
Midwest 3,174 (3,009 - 3,345) 383 (358 - 409) 1,166 (1,109 - 1,224) 1,625 (1,478 - 1,786) 2,791 (2,630 - 2,959)
South 4,664 (4,428 - 4,913) 566 (527 - 607) 1,716 (1,633 - 1,802) 2,382 (2,167 - 2,619) 4,098 (3,870 - 4,339)
West 3,776 (3,544 - 4,018) 421 (385 - 460) 1,316 (1,239 - 1,395) 2,039 (1,834 - 2,266) 3,355 (3,129 - 3,593)
Alabama 180 (145 - 222) 24 (18 - 31) 62 (50 - 76) 94   (69 - 128) 156 (124 - 196)
Alaska 47 (39 - 55) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 17) 27 (21 - 34) 41 (34 - 49)
Arizona 254 (208 - 308) 37 (29 - 47) 94   (77 - 114) 123   (91 - 167) 217 (175 - 268)
Arkansas 132 (108 - 159) 18 (14 - 22) 45 (37 - 53) 69 (52 - 92) 114   (92 - 140)
California 1,966 (1,777 - 2,173) 217 (187 - 250) 695 (633 - 762) 1,054    (893 - 1,243) 1,749 (1,566 - 1,953)
Colorado 298 (250 - 354) 30 (24 - 37) 109   (92 - 127) 160 (123 - 207) 269 (223 - 322)
Connecticut 222 (186 - 263) 25 (20 - 31) 81 (69 - 95) 116   (88 - 152) 197 (163 - 237)
Delaware 42 (35 - 50) 5 (4 - 6) 17 (14 - 20) 20 (15 - 27) 37 (30 - 44)
District of Columbia 40 (34 - 47) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 17) 24 (19 - 30) 38 (32 - 44)
Florida 850 (765 - 947) 98   (86 - 113) 315 (287 - 345) 437 (364 - 523) 752 (670 - 846)
Georgia 433 (353 - 528) 48 (38 - 61) 151 (124 - 182) 234 (174 - 314) 385 (309 - 477)
Hawaii 58 (47 - 71) 7 (5 - 9) 20 (16 - 24) 31 (23 - 42) 51 (40 - 63)
Idaho 62 (51 - 75) 8   (6 - 10) 24 (20 - 29) 30 (23 - 41) 54 (44 - 67)
Illinois 564 (508 - 626) 74 (64 - 85) 219 (197 - 243) 271 (225 - 326) 490 (436 - 551)
Indiana 284 (238 - 338) 34 (27 - 43) 109   (92 - 129) 141 (106 - 186) 250 (207 - 302)
Iowa 115   (94 - 140) 16 (12 - 20) 45 (37 - 55) 55 (40 - 74) 100   (80 - 123)
Kansas 131 (108 - 157) 15 (12 - 20) 48 (40 - 58) 67 (51 - 89) 115   (94 - 140)
Kentucky 172 (140 - 209) 22 (18 - 28) 62 (51 - 75) 88   (65 - 118) 150 (121 - 185)
Louisiana 198 (164 - 239) 22 (17 - 28) 77 (64 - 92) 99   (74 - 132) 176 (144 - 215)
Maine 104   (89 - 120) 12   (9 - 14) 37 (33 - 42) 55 (43 - 70) 92   (78 - 108)
Maryland 220 (180 - 267) 27 (21 - 35) 78 (64 - 94) 115   (86 - 155) 193 (156 - 238)
Massachusetts 434 (371 - 507) 45 (37 - 56) 168 (146 - 193) 220 (170 - 284) 389 (329 - 459)
Michigan 540 (491 - 593) 65 (57 - 75) 188 (172 - 206) 286 (244 - 334) 474 (427 - 527)
Minnesota 307 (254 - 368) 33 (26 - 41) 102   (86 - 120) 172 (130 - 227) 274 (224 - 333)
Mississippi 120   (98 - 145) 14 (11 - 18) 43 (35 - 53) 62 (46 - 83) 106   (85 - 130)
Missouri 261 (216 - 315) 32 (25 - 40) 94   (79 - 112) 135 (101 - 181) 229 (187 - 281)
Montana 74 (63 - 87) 8   (7 - 10) 24 (21 - 28) 42 (33 - 54) 66 (56 - 79)
Nebraska 75 (62 - 91) 8   (7 - 11) 31 (26 - 37) 36 (26 - 49) 67 (54 - 82)
Nevada 136 (112 - 164) 15 (12 - 20) 41 (33 - 49) 80   (61 - 103) 120   (98 - 147)
New Hampshire 86   (73 - 101) 10   (8 - 12) 34 (29 - 39) 42 (32 - 56) 76 (64 - 91)
New Jersey 376 (310 - 457) 47 (37 - 59) 134 (111 - 161) 195 (145 - 261) 329 (267 - 406)
New Mexico 98   (81 - 117) 13 (11 - 17) 38 (32 - 46) 46 (34 - 62) 85   (69 - 103)
New York 1,145 (1,042 - 1,258) 123 (108 - 139) 426 (391 - 464) 595 (509 - 696) 1,022    (923 - 1,131)
North Carolina 401 (334 - 480) 50 (40 - 63) 141 (119 - 166) 209 (159 - 276) 350 (287 - 425)
North Dakota 23 (18 - 28) 2 (2 - 3) 9   (8 - 11) 11   (8 - 16) 21 (16 - 26)
Ohio 581 (526 - 643) 68 (60 - 78) 207 (189 - 226) 307 (258 - 363) 513 (459 - 574)
Oklahoma 152 (124 - 187) 19 (14 - 24) 54 (44 - 66) 80   (58 - 108) 134 (107 - 167)
Oregon 242 (204 - 286) 24 (19 - 31) 73 (62 - 87) 144 (113 - 182) 217 (181 - 260)
Pennsylvania 622 (560 - 692) 68 (60 - 79) 230 (209 - 252) 324 (271 - 386) 554 (494 - 621)
Rhode Island 84 (72 - 97) 8   (7 - 10) 35 (30 - 39) 41 (32 - 52) 76 (64 - 88)
South Carolina 192 (159 - 232) 22 (17 - 28) 72 (60 - 86) 98   (73 - 130) 170 (139 - 208)
South Dakota 33 (27 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 16) 16 (12 - 22) 29 (24 - 36)
Tennessee 301 (249 - 363) 29 (23 - 37) 107   (90 - 127) 165 (125 - 218) 272 (223 - 332)
Texas 798 (713 - 892) 116 (100 - 134) 321 (287 - 359) 361 (295 - 440) 682 (602 - 772)
Utah 84   (67 - 104) 12   (9 - 15) 35 (28 - 45) 37 (26 - 52) 72 (57 - 91)
Vermont 53 (45 - 61) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (18 - 22) 28 (22 - 35) 48 (40 - 56)
Virginia 341 (282 - 412) 40 (31 - 51) 123 (103 - 146) 178 (133 - 238) 301 (246 - 368)
Washington 428 (361 - 507) 41 (33 - 52) 138 (117 - 161) 249 (195 - 317) 387 (323 - 462)
West Virginia 93   (78 - 111) 10   (8 - 12) 35 (30 - 41) 49 (37 - 64) 84   (69 - 101)
Wisconsin 259 (215 - 310) 31 (24 - 39) 100   (83 - 119) 129   (97 - 171) 228 (187 - 277)
Wyoming 29 (25 - 35) 3 (3 - 4) 11   (9 - 13) 15 (12 - 20) 26 (22 - 31)
130319
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 95,017 (93,692 - 96,355) 8,704 (8,551 - 8,857) 7,983 (7,800 - 8,170) 78,331 (77,055 - 79,617) 86,313 (85,002 - 87,638)
Northeast 16,741 (16,271 - 17,210) 1,419 (1,369 - 1,471) 1,189 (1,129 - 1,253) 14,133 (13,680 - 14,588) 15,322 (14,857 - 15,786)
Midwest 20,467 (20,050 - 20,888) 1,987 (1,937 - 2,039) 1,683 (1,618 - 1,751) 16,796 (16,399 - 17,195) 18,480 (18,070 - 18,894)
South 37,836 (37,161 - 38,525) 3,305 (3,224 - 3,388) 3,230 (3,121 - 3,341) 31,301 (30,652 - 31,960) 34,531 (33,865 - 35,209)
West 19,972 (19,422 - 20,526) 1,991 (1,913 - 2,071) 1,880 (1,790 - 1,973) 16,101 (15,574 - 16,630) 17,981 (17,443 - 18,523)
Alabama 1,859 (1,737 - 1,982) 154 (140 - 169) 173 (155 - 193) 1,531 (1,416 - 1,645) 1,705 (1,586 - 1,824)
Alaska 150 (136 - 164) 19 (17 - 22) 14 (12 - 16) 117 (105 - 130) 131 (118 - 145)
Arizona 1,887 (1,743 - 2,037) 163 (145 - 183) 169 (148 - 192) 1,555 (1,419 - 1,694) 1,724 (1,583 - 1,869)
Arkansas 1,046    (975 - 1,119) 87 (79 - 95) 83 (73 - 94) 877 (809 - 944) 959    (890 - 1,030)
California 10,969 (10,512 - 11,432) 1,106 (1,042 - 1,172) 1,076 (1,001 - 1,153) 8,788 (8,352 - 9,231) 9,863   (9,415 - 10,318)
Colorado 1,176 (1,072 - 1,287) 116 (103 - 130) 95   (81 - 111) 965    (868 - 1,066) 1,060    (959 - 1,167)
Connecticut 1,036    (941 - 1,134) 90   (81 - 100) 71 (60 - 83) 875 (786 - 967) 946    (853 - 1,042)
Delaware 272 (251 - 293) 25 (23 - 27) 21 (18 - 24) 226 (207 - 246) 247 (226 - 268)
District of Columbia 153 (140 - 167) 11   (9 - 12) 13 (10 - 15) 130 (118 - 143) 143 (130 - 156)
Florida 6,412 (6,156 - 6,668) 489 (464 - 516) 501 (469 - 534) 5,421 (5,174 - 5,671) 5,922 (5,669 - 6,176)
Georgia 3,212 (2,967 - 3,462) 295 (266 - 325) 314 (278 - 351) 2,603 (2,377 - 2,831) 2,916 (2,680 - 3,159)
Hawaii 394 (359 - 430) 33 (29 - 37) 36 (31 - 40) 325 (292 - 359) 361 (327 - 396)
Idaho 447 (413 - 482) 48 (43 - 53) 47 (41 - 53) 353 (321 - 385) 399 (366 - 433)
Illinois 4,084 (3,915 - 4,255) 397 (375 - 418) 363 (338 - 390) 3,324 (3,162 - 3,488) 3,687 (3,521 - 3,855)
Indiana 2,027 (1,874 - 2,183) 191 (173 - 209) 170 (149 - 192) 1,666 (1,524 - 1,812) 1,836 (1,688 - 1,988)
Iowa 985    (916 - 1,058) 85 (76 - 94) 84 (73 - 96) 816 (751 - 883) 900 (833 - 971)
Kansas 832 (768 - 900) 82 (74 - 90) 67 (57 - 77) 684 (624 - 745) 751 (688 - 816)
Kentucky 1,545 (1,441 - 1,652) 126 (115 - 138) 129 (113 - 146) 1,290 (1,191 - 1,389) 1,419 (1,317 - 1,523)
Louisiana 1,602 (1,491 - 1,714) 153 (140 - 167) 152 (134 - 172) 1,297 (1,195 - 1,400) 1,449 (1,341 - 1,558)
Maine 362 (330 - 396) 30 (27 - 34) 18 (15 - 22) 314 (283 - 346) 332 (301 - 365)
Maryland 1,805 (1,672 - 1,942) 162 (146 - 180) 143 (124 - 163) 1,500 (1,374 - 1,628) 1,643 (1,513 - 1,776)
Massachusetts 1,557 (1,404 - 1,718) 137 (120 - 155) 106   (90 - 125) 1,314 (1,171 - 1,466) 1,420 (1,272 - 1,577)
Michigan 2,963 (2,833 - 3,095) 317 (300 - 335) 232 (214 - 251) 2,414 (2,288 - 2,542) 2,646 (2,517 - 2,776)
Minnesota 1,368 (1,248 - 1,496) 138 (125 - 153) 105   (90 - 123) 1,125 (1,012 - 1,243) 1,230 (1,113 - 1,354)
Mississippi 1,224 (1,152 - 1,297) 115 (105 - 124) 125 (112 - 138) 985    (916 - 1,052) 1,110 (1,039 - 1,180)
Missouri 1,926 (1,780 - 2,076) 176 (159 - 192) 152 (133 - 174) 1,598 (1,462 - 1,738) 1,751 (1,608 - 1,897)
Montana 252 (229 - 275) 24 (22 - 27) 16 (14 - 19) 211 (190 - 234) 228 (206 - 251)
Nebraska 597 (555 - 640) 56 (51 - 61) 53 (47 - 60) 487 (448 - 527) 540 (500 - 582)
Nevada 710 (652 - 770) 68 (60 - 75) 62 (54 - 71) 580 (526 - 636) 642 (586 - 701)
New Hampshire 302 (271 - 337) 31 (27 - 35) 19 (16 - 23) 253 (223 - 285) 272 (241 - 305)
New Jersey 2,783 (2,557 - 3,016) 221 (198 - 246) 183 (158 - 212) 2,379 (2,164 - 2,599) 2,562 (2,341 - 2,789)
New Mexico 623 (575 - 674) 52 (46 - 59) 57 (50 - 66) 514 (469 - 560) 571 (524 - 620)
New York 6,175 (5,902 - 6,451) 519 (488 - 552) 479 (440 - 521) 5,176 (4,914 - 5,442) 5,656 (5,386 - 5,929)
North Carolina 2,906 (2,680 - 3,138) 233 (209 - 259) 224 (196 - 254) 2,449 (2,238 - 2,664) 2,673 (2,453 - 2,899)
North Dakota 211 (196 - 227) 18 (17 - 20) 21 (18 - 24) 172 (157 - 187) 193 (178 - 209)
Ohio 3,636 (3,482 - 3,791) 352 (334 - 371) 291 (270 - 312) 2,993 (2,844 - 3,145) 3,284 (3,133 - 3,437)
Oklahoma 1,184 (1,094 - 1,276) 104   (93 - 116) 114   (99 - 130) 966    (884 - 1,051) 1,080    (993 - 1,169)
Oregon 895 (811 - 984) 86 (76 - 97) 67 (56 - 80) 742 (664 - 824) 809 (728 - 895)
Pennsylvania 4,094 (3,918 - 4,272) 352 (333 - 372) 282 (260 - 306) 3,459 (3,289 - 3,631) 3,741 (3,568 - 3,917)
Rhode Island 278 (252 - 306) 25 (22 - 28) 21 (18 - 25) 232 (208 - 258) 253 (228 - 280)
South Carolina 1,459 (1,350 - 1,568) 125 (114 - 137) 118 (104 - 134) 1,215 (1,114 - 1,319) 1,334 (1,227 - 1,441)
South Dakota 256 (238 - 275) 25 (23 - 28) 24 (21 - 28) 206 (189 - 223) 231 (213 - 249)
Tennessee 2,081 (1,929 - 2,237) 176 (159 - 193) 154 (135 - 175) 1,751 (1,607 - 1,897) 1,905 (1,757 - 2,057)
Texas 8,022 (7,730 - 8,316) 779 (739 - 820) 745 (694 - 798) 6,497 (6,219 - 6,777) 7,242 (6,956 - 7,531)
Utah 836 (776 - 897) 104   (94 - 114) 121 (107 - 135) 611 (557 - 667) 732 (674 - 791)
Vermont 154 (139 - 169) 13 (12 - 15) 9   (8 - 11) 131 (117 - 146) 140 (126 - 156)
Virginia 2,364 (2,173 - 2,560) 219 (197 - 241) 174 (152 - 199) 1,971 (1,793 - 2,154) 2,145 (1,960 - 2,336)
Washington 1,479 (1,338 - 1,628) 157 (140 - 175) 109   (92 - 129) 1,212 (1,081 - 1,352) 1,321 (1,186 - 1,467)
West Virginia 692 (643 - 742) 52 (47 - 57) 48 (42 - 55) 591 (545 - 639) 640 (592 - 689)
Wisconsin 1,581 (1,452 - 1,717) 150 (134 - 167) 121 (103 - 140) 1,310 (1,190 - 1,436) 1,431 (1,306 - 1,563)
Wyoming 155 (142 - 168) 15 (13 - 16) 12 (10 - 14) 128 (117 - 141) 140 (128 - 153)
130319
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 2,420 (2,322 - 2,522) 1,241 (1,195 - 1,289) 993    (942 - 1,046) 186 (137 - 253) 1,179 (1,100 - 1,263)
Northeast 455 (431 - 482) 234 (219 - 249) 186 (172 - 202) 35 (23 - 53) 222 (203 - 243)
Midwest 561 (533 - 590) 279 (265 - 295) 240 (225 - 256) 42 (28 - 62) 282 (259 - 306)
South 844 (802 - 888) 431 (408 - 454) 346 (323 - 371) 67 (45 - 99) 413 (379 - 451)
West 559 (525 - 595) 297 (276 - 320) 220 (200 - 241) 42 (28 - 64) 262 (236 - 290)
Alabama 35 (30 - 40) 17 (14 - 21) 15 (12 - 18) 3 (1 - 5) 18 (14 - 22)
Alaska 6 (5 - 6) 3 (2 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 3)
Arizona 49 (42 - 56) 27 (22 - 33) 18 (14 - 22) 4 (2 - 7) 21 (17 - 27)
Arkansas 23 (20 - 27) 12 (10 - 15) 9   (7 - 11) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (9 - 13)
California 290 (264 - 319) 155 (139 - 174) 114   (99 - 132) 20 (12 - 34) 135 (116 - 156)
Colorado 40 (34 - 46) 22 (19 - 27) 14 (11 - 18) 3 (2 - 6) 17 (14 - 21)
Connecticut 31 (27 - 35) 17 (14 - 20) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (11 - 17)
Delaware 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (3 - 4) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
District of Columbia 5 (4 - 6) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Florida 134 (123 - 147) 71 (64 - 79) 54 (47 - 62) 9   (6 - 16) 63 (55 - 73)
Georgia 72 (62 - 84) 34 (28 - 42) 32 (26 - 40) 6   (3 - 11) 38 (31 - 47)
Hawaii 9   (8 - 11) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 2) 5 (4 - 6)
Idaho 12 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 2) 6 (5 - 7)
Illinois 106   (97 - 116) 53 (47 - 59) 45 (40 - 52) 8   (5 - 13) 53 (47 - 61)
Indiana 52 (45 - 59) 28 (23 - 33) 20 (16 - 25) 4 (2 - 7) 24 (19 - 30)
Iowa 26 (23 - 30) 12 (10 - 15) 12 (10 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (11 - 17)
Kansas 23 (20 - 27) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 15)
Kentucky 33 (28 - 37) 16 (13 - 19) 14 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 5) 16 (13 - 20)
Louisiana 37 (32 - 43) 19 (16 - 23) 15 (12 - 19) 3 (1 - 5) 18 (15 - 22)
Maine 12 (11 - 14) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7)
Maryland 46 (40 - 53) 23 (19 - 28) 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 6) 23 (18 - 28)
Massachusetts 56 (48 - 64) 27 (22 - 32) 24 (20 - 30) 5 (3 - 8) 29 (24 - 35)
Michigan 90 (82 - 98) 46 (41 - 51) 38 (33 - 43) 7   (4 - 11) 44 (39 - 50)
Minnesota 44 (38 - 50) 22 (18 - 26) 18 (15 - 23) 3 (2 - 7) 22 (18 - 27)
Mississippi 23 (20 - 27) 11 (10 - 14) 10   (8 - 12) 2 (1 - 4) 12   (9 - 15)
Missouri 46 (40 - 54) 22 (19 - 27) 20 (16 - 25) 4 (2 - 7) 24 (19 - 30)
Montana 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 4) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Nebraska 15 (13 - 17) 7 (6 - 8) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 10)
Nevada 18 (16 - 21) 11   (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (6 - 9)
New Hampshire 12 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 2) 6 (5 - 7)
New Jersey 69 (60 - 80) 38 (32 - 45) 26 (21 - 32) 6   (3 - 10) 31 (25 - 39)
New Mexico 16 (14 - 19) 9   (7 - 11) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9)
New York 155 (142 - 170) 79 (70 - 88) 64 (56 - 74) 12   (8 - 20) 77 (67 - 88)
North Carolina 66 (57 - 78) 33 (28 - 41) 26 (20 - 32) 7   (3 - 14) 33 (26 - 42)
North Dakota 5 (5 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4)
Ohio 96   (88 - 105) 50 (44 - 55) 40 (35 - 46) 7   (4 - 11) 47 (41 - 54)
Oklahoma 28 (24 - 32) 14 (11 - 17) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (11 - 17)
Oregon 32 (27 - 37) 17 (14 - 21) 12   (9 - 15) 3 (2 - 6) 15 (12 - 19)
Pennsylvania 105   (96 - 115) 53 (48 - 60) 44 (38 - 50) 7   (4 - 13) 51 (45 - 59)
Rhode Island 9   (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
South Carolina 35 (31 - 41) 18 (15 - 21) 15 (12 - 18) 3 (1 - 5) 17 (14 - 22)
South Dakota 6 (6 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Tennessee 47 (40 - 54) 24 (20 - 29) 19 (15 - 24) 4 (2 - 7) 23 (19 - 28)
Texas 181 (164 - 199) 94   (83 - 106) 72 (62 - 84) 14   (9 - 23) 87   (74 - 101)
Utah 22 (19 - 26) 10   (8 - 12) 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 15)
Vermont 6 (6 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Virginia 59 (51 - 68) 31 (26 - 37) 23 (18 - 28) 5 (3 - 9) 28 (22 - 34)
Washington 53 (46 - 61) 26 (22 - 31) 23 (18 - 28) 4 (2 - 8) 27 (22 - 33)
West Virginia 13 (11 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
Wisconsin 51 (44 - 58) 24 (20 - 28) 23 (19 - 28) 4 (2 - 7) 27 (22 - 32)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (2 - 3)
130319
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 9,292 (8,904 - 9,696) 1,253 (1,190 - 1,318) 2,881 (2,759 - 3,007) 5,159 (4,813 - 5,527) 8,040 (7,661 - 8,436)
Northeast 1,692 (1,556 - 1,841) 211 (194 - 231) 514 (475 - 555) 967    (847 - 1,102) 1,480 (1,348 - 1,627)
Midwest 1,936 (1,816 - 2,063) 283 (263 - 304) 618 (579 - 660) 1,036    (934 - 1,147) 1,653 (1,537 - 1,777)
South 3,447 (3,239 - 3,667) 462 (430 - 496) 1,061    (999 - 1,127) 1,924 (1,743 - 2,123) 2,985 (2,783 - 3,200)
West 2,218 (2,044 - 2,404) 297 (270 - 327) 688 (634 - 747) 1,232 (1,084 - 1,400) 1,921 (1,752 - 2,104)
Alabama 155 (125 - 193) 22 (18 - 27) 50 (39 - 62) 83   (60 - 115) 133 (104 - 170)
Alaska 22 (18 - 27) 3 (3 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 12 (9 - 16) 18 (14 - 23)
Arizona 218 (175 - 272) 28 (22 - 35) 65 (51 - 81) 126 (92 - 172) 191 (149 - 243)
Arkansas 105   (85 - 128) 15 (12 - 19) 34 (27 - 42) 56 (41 - 76) 89   (71 - 113)
California 1,153 (1,014 - 1,312) 156 (134 - 181) 345 (302 - 394) 652 (535 - 794) 997    (862 - 1,153)
Colorado 161 (129 - 202) 20 (16 - 25) 52 (41 - 67) 89   (65 - 122) 142 (110 - 181)
Connecticut 115   (91 - 145) 14 (11 - 18) 36 (28 - 45) 65 (46 - 90) 101   (77 - 130)
Delaware 25 (20 - 32) 3 (3 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 14 (10 - 19) 22 (17 - 28)
District of Columbia 21 (17 - 27) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 19) 20 (15 - 25)
Florida 619 (543 - 705) 75 (65 - 86) 174 (153 - 197) 370 (303 - 452) 544 (470 - 630)
Georgia 242 (189 - 309) 37 (30 - 47) 68 (52 - 90) 136   (96 - 193) 205 (154 - 271)
Hawaii 34 (26 - 45) 5 (4 - 6) 10   (7 - 13) 20 (13 - 29) 29 (22 - 40)
Idaho 40 (32 - 50) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 17) 21 (15 - 29) 34 (26 - 44)
Illinois 345 (300 - 397) 53 (45 - 61) 102   (88 - 118) 190 (153 - 237) 292 (248 - 344)
Indiana 216 (178 - 263) 29 (23 - 36) 75 (61 - 93) 112   (84 - 150) 188 (151 - 233)
Iowa 75 (59 - 95) 13 (10 - 16) 24 (18 - 32) 38 (27 - 54) 62 (47 - 82)
Kansas 89   (71 - 111) 11   (9 - 14) 28 (22 - 36) 50 (36 - 68) 78   (60 - 100)
Kentucky 118   (94 - 148) 19 (15 - 23) 37 (28 - 48) 63 (46 - 87) 100   (77 - 128)
Louisiana 165 (134 - 203) 20 (16 - 25) 53 (42 - 66) 92   (68 - 124) 145 (114 - 183)
Maine 34 (27 - 43) 6 (4 - 7) 11   (9 - 14) 18 (12 - 25) 29 (22 - 38)
Maryland 141 (111 - 178) 21 (17 - 26) 39 (30 - 51) 81   (58 - 112) 120   (92 - 156)
Massachusetts 252 (205 - 311) 25 (20 - 32) 85   (68 - 104) 142 (105 - 193) 227 (180 - 285)
Michigan 350 (311 - 394) 46 (40 - 53) 110   (97 - 124) 194 (162 - 233) 304 (266 - 346)
Minnesota 133 (106 - 167) 22 (18 - 28) 45 (35 - 57) 67 (47 - 94) 111   (86 - 144)
Mississippi 89   (70 - 112) 12 (10 - 15) 28 (22 - 36) 48 (35 - 67) 77 (59 - 99)
Missouri 180 (146 - 223) 26 (21 - 31) 59 (47 - 73) 96   (70 - 132) 155 (122 - 197)
Montana 27 (22 - 34) 4 (4 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 14 (10 - 19) 23 (18 - 29)
Nebraska 47 (37 - 59) 7 (6 - 9) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (17 - 33) 39 (30 - 51)
Nevada 87   (70 - 109) 10   (8 - 13) 27 (22 - 34) 50 (36 - 68) 77 (60 - 98)
New Hampshire 34 (27 - 42) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (9 - 15) 17 (12 - 24) 28 (22 - 37)
New Jersey 247 (195 - 311) 34 (27 - 42) 68 (52 - 87) 145 (105 - 200) 213 (164 - 277)
New Mexico 62 (50 - 77) 9   (7 - 12) 21 (17 - 27) 31 (22 - 43) 52 (41 - 67)
New York 612 (531 - 706) 73 (63 - 85) 169 (146 - 196) 370 (299 - 456) 539 (460 - 632)
North Carolina 286 (228 - 357) 38 (30 - 47) 86   (69 - 107) 162 (116 - 224) 248 (192 - 319)
North Dakota 13 (10 - 17) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 11   (8 - 15)
Ohio 326 (285 - 373) 48 (41 - 55) 102   (90 - 116) 176 (142 - 217) 278 (238 - 324)
Oklahoma 115   (91 - 144) 16 (12 - 19) 36 (28 - 45) 64 (46 - 88) 99   (76 - 128)
Oregon 117   (94 - 145) 15 (12 - 19) 39 (31 - 49) 63 (46 - 86) 102   (80 - 129)
Pennsylvania 335 (291 - 386) 47 (40 - 54) 110   (95 - 126) 179 (142 - 225) 288 (245 - 339)
Rhode Island 42 (34 - 51) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (12 - 19) 21 (16 - 29) 37 (29 - 46)
South Carolina 124   (99 - 155) 18 (15 - 22) 40 (31 - 50) 66 (48 - 92) 106   (82 - 137)
South Dakota 17 (13 - 22) 3 (3 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (6 - 12) 14 (10 - 18)
Tennessee 238 (193 - 291) 28 (23 - 35) 75 (61 - 92) 134   (99 - 181) 210 (167 - 262)
Texas 727 (640 - 826) 99   (85 - 115) 238 (208 - 272) 391 (320 - 477) 629 (544 - 726)
Utah 73 (59 - 91) 12   (9 - 15) 26 (20 - 34) 35 (26 - 48) 61 (48 - 78)
Vermont 21 (18 - 26) 3 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 10) 10   (7 - 14) 19 (15 - 23)
Virginia 211 (168 - 265) 29 (24 - 36) 68 (53 - 86) 114   (81 - 159) 182 (141 - 235)
Washington 206 (167 - 255) 25 (20 - 31) 69 (55 - 86) 112   (82 - 152) 181 (143 - 228)
West Virginia 66 (54 - 81) 8   (6 - 10) 23 (19 - 28) 36 (26 - 49) 59 (47 - 73)
Wisconsin 145 (114 - 183) 23 (18 - 29) 48 (37 - 62) 75   (53 - 105) 122   (93 - 160)
Wyoming 16 (12 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 8   (6 - 11) 13 (10 - 17)
130319
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 5,800 (5,506 - 6,106) 417 (380 - 459) 2,255 (2,150 - 2,365) 3,127 (2,872 - 3,403) 5,382 (5,093 - 5,685)
Northeast 1,200 (1,082 - 1,331) 72 (63 - 83) 440 (405 - 477) 688 (586 - 807) 1,128 (1,011 - 1,258)
Midwest 1,218 (1,118 - 1,326) 91   (81 - 102) 488 (453 - 524) 639 (553 - 738) 1,127 (1,028 - 1,234)
South 2,091 (1,924 - 2,271) 148 (130 - 167) 786 (734 - 842) 1,157 (1,008 - 1,327) 1,943 (1,779 - 2,121)
West 1,291 (1,162 - 1,433) 107   (91 - 125) 541 (495 - 592) 643 (536 - 770) 1,184 (1,058 - 1,324)
Alabama 84   (63 - 112) 5 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 40) 48 (31 - 73) 79   (58 - 106)
Alaska 13 (10 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 7   (4 - 11) 12   (9 - 16)
Arizona 134 (102 - 175) 11   (8 - 16) 54 (42 - 69) 69   (46 - 104) 123   (92 - 163)
Arkansas 49 (38 - 65) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (16 - 27) 25 (16 - 38) 45 (34 - 61)
California 653 (551 - 773) 55 (43 - 70) 270 (233 - 313) 328 (248 - 434) 598 (499 - 717)
Colorado 107   (81 - 141) 8   (5 - 10) 43 (34 - 55) 57 (37 - 85) 100   (74 - 133)
Connecticut 80   (61 - 105) 6 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 40) 43 (29 - 65) 74 (56 - 99)
Delaware 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 9   (6 - 14) 16 (12 - 21)
District of Columbia 24 (18 - 31) 0 (0 - 0) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (13 - 26) 23 (18 - 31)
Florida 399 (339 - 469) 24 (19 - 30) 141 (123 - 161) 234 (182 - 300) 375 (316 - 446)
Georgia 152 (109 - 210) 12   (8 - 16) 51 (37 - 68) 90   (56 - 143) 140   (98 - 199)
Hawaii 19 (13 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 9) 11   (7 - 18) 17 (12 - 25)
Idaho 23 (18 - 30) 2 (2 - 3) 12   (9 - 15) 9   (6 - 15) 21 (16 - 28)
Illinois 244 (204 - 291) 17 (14 - 21) 90   (77 - 104) 137 (103 - 181) 227 (188 - 274)
Indiana 115   (87 - 151) 9   (6 - 12) 50 (39 - 64) 56 (36 - 87) 106   (79 - 142)
Iowa 44 (33 - 58) 4 (3 - 6) 20 (15 - 27) 19 (12 - 31) 39 (29 - 54)
Kansas 66 (50 - 88) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (19 - 32) 38 (25 - 57) 62 (46 - 84)
Kentucky 73 (55 - 97) 5 (4 - 7) 30 (23 - 38) 38 (25 - 59) 68 (50 - 92)
Louisiana 75   (54 - 102) 4 (3 - 6) 27 (21 - 36) 43 (27 - 68) 70 (50 - 98)
Maine 24 (19 - 32) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 12   (8 - 18) 22 (17 - 30)
Maryland 96 (72 - 127) 7 (5 - 9) 33 (25 - 43) 56 (37 - 85) 89   (65 - 120)
Massachusetts 185 (144 - 238) 9   (6 - 13) 69 (55 - 85) 108   (75 - 155) 176 (136 - 229)
Michigan 181 (154 - 214) 14 (11 - 17) 73 (64 - 85) 94   (71 - 124) 168 (141 - 200)
Minnesota 99   (75 - 129) 8   (6 - 11) 41 (32 - 53) 49 (32 - 75) 91   (68 - 120)
Mississippi 45 (33 - 62) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (11 - 20) 27 (17 - 43) 42 (30 - 59)
Missouri 106   (81 - 139) 8   (6 - 11) 45 (35 - 57) 53 (35 - 81) 98   (74 - 130)
Montana 20 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (6 - 14) 19 (15 - 25)
Nebraska 34 (26 - 44) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (12 - 20) 16 (10 - 24) 31 (24 - 41)
Nevada 42 (31 - 55) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (13 - 21) 21 (14 - 33) 38 (27 - 51)
New Hampshire 28 (21 - 35) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (10 - 17) 12   (8 - 19) 25 (19 - 33)
New Jersey 152 (112 - 204) 12   (9 - 17) 54 (41 - 70) 86   (55 - 133) 139 (101 - 192)
New Mexico 37 (28 - 48) 3 (2 - 5) 16 (13 - 21) 17 (11 - 27) 34 (25 - 45)
New York 452 (380 - 537) 24 (19 - 30) 155 (134 - 179) 273 (211 - 354) 428 (357 - 514)
North Carolina 167 (127 - 220) 10   (8 - 14) 63 (50 - 80) 94   (62 - 143) 157 (117 - 210)
North Dakota 8   (6 - 11) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 6) 7   (5 - 10)
Ohio 226 (191 - 268) 15 (12 - 18) 83 (71 - 96) 129   (98 - 168) 211 (176 - 254)
Oklahoma 55 (41 - 74) 5 (3 - 6) 23 (18 - 30) 28 (18 - 43) 51 (37 - 69)
Oregon 57 (43 - 77) 6 (4 - 8) 23 (18 - 31) 28 (18 - 45) 52 (37 - 71)
Pennsylvania 232 (192 - 279) 15 (12 - 19) 89   (77 - 104) 128   (94 - 172) 217 (178 - 264)
Rhode Island 32 (25 - 42) 2 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 15) 18 (12 - 27) 30 (23 - 40)
South Carolina 78   (58 - 105) 4 (3 - 6) 27 (21 - 35) 46 (31 - 70) 74   (54 - 100)
South Dakota 11   (8 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8) 10   (7 - 14)
Tennessee 136 (102 - 181) 7   (5 - 10) 49 (38 - 63) 80   (52 - 121) 129   (95 - 174)
Texas 452 (386 - 529) 43 (34 - 54) 187 (162 - 216) 222 (168 - 292) 409 (344 - 486)
Utah 46 (35 - 60) 4 (3 - 6) 21 (16 - 28) 21 (13 - 31) 42 (31 - 56)
Vermont 16 (12 - 20) 1 (1 - 1) 7 (5 - 8) 8   (5 - 12) 15 (11 - 19)
Virginia 148 (112 - 195) 9   (7 - 13) 60 (46 - 76) 79   (52 - 120) 138 (103 - 185)
Washington 130 (101 - 167) 10   (7 - 13) 60 (47 - 75) 61 (40 - 93) 120   (92 - 157)
West Virginia 41 (32 - 52) 3 (2 - 4) 18 (15 - 22) 20 (13 - 30) 38 (29 - 49)
Wisconsin 84   (62 - 111) 8   (6 - 11) 37 (28 - 48) 39 (24 - 63) 76   (55 - 104)
Wyoming 10   (7 - 13) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 7) 9   (7 - 12)
130319
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 12,232 (11,803 - 12,676) 1,781 (1,701 - 1,864) 4,053 (3,911 - 4,200) 6,398 (6,024 - 6,795) 10,451 (10,033 - 10,886)
Northeast 2,024 (1,895 - 2,164) 278 (255 - 302) 675 (633 - 720) 1,071    (961 - 1,194) 1,746 (1,622 - 1,881)
Midwest 2,717 (2,583 - 2,857) 398 (375 - 422) 942 (898 - 988) 1,378 (1,265 - 1,500) 2,320 (2,191 - 2,455)
South 4,504 (4,286 - 4,733) 669 (631 - 709) 1,485 (1,417 - 1,555) 2,351 (2,159 - 2,559) 3,835 (3,625 - 4,056)
West 2,986 (2,787 - 3,199) 436 (400 - 475) 952    (888 - 1,018) 1,598 (1,428 - 1,788) 2,550 (2,357 - 2,757)
Alabama 205 (173 - 242) 33 (27 - 40) 71 (60 - 85) 100   (77 - 129) 171 (142 - 206)
Alaska 28 (24 - 34) 5 (4 - 6) 8   (7 - 10) 15 (11 - 19) 23 (19 - 28)
Arizona 274 (228 - 328) 42 (34 - 53) 84   (69 - 102) 148 (114 - 192) 232 (190 - 283)
Arkansas 148 (126 - 174) 23 (19 - 27) 53 (45 - 62) 72 (56 - 94) 126 (105 - 150)
California 1,480 (1,327 - 1,652) 214 (187 - 245) 457 (408 - 511) 809 (681 - 961) 1,266 (1,119 - 1,433)
Colorado 211 (177 - 251) 31 (25 - 38) 67 (55 - 82) 113   (87 - 145) 180 (148 - 218)
Connecticut 153 (128 - 183) 20 (16 - 25) 53 (44 - 63) 80   (61 - 105) 133 (110 - 161)
Delaware 36 (30 - 43) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 19 (14 - 24) 31 (25 - 37)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 24) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 11   (9 - 15) 18 (14 - 22)
Florida 773 (690 - 866) 101   (89 - 114) 230 (207 - 255) 442 (369 - 528) 672 (591 - 763)
Georgia 355 (295 - 425) 54 (44 - 66) 113   (92 - 138) 188 (144 - 244) 301 (246 - 366)
Hawaii 40 (32 - 50) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (10 - 15) 22 (16 - 31) 34 (27 - 44)
Idaho 68 (58 - 80) 10   (8 - 13) 25 (21 - 30) 33 (25 - 42) 58 (48 - 69)
Illinois 456 (407 - 512) 66 (57 - 76) 147 (130 - 165) 244 (203 - 292) 391 (344 - 444)
Indiana 306 (261 - 358) 44 (36 - 53) 112   (95 - 131) 151 (117 - 193) 262 (220 - 312)
Iowa 109   (90 - 130) 16 (13 - 20) 40 (33 - 48) 53 (40 - 70) 92   (75 - 113)
Kansas 117   (97 - 140) 17 (14 - 20) 41 (33 - 50) 59 (46 - 77) 100   (82 - 122)
Kentucky 195 (165 - 228) 29 (24 - 35) 66 (55 - 78) 100   (78 - 128) 166 (138 - 197)
Louisiana 205 (173 - 242) 33 (27 - 40) 70 (58 - 83) 102   (79 - 131) 172 (143 - 207)
Maine 53 (44 - 63) 8   (6 - 10) 18 (15 - 22) 27 (21 - 35) 45 (37 - 55)
Maryland 183 (151 - 222) 29 (24 - 36) 59 (48 - 72) 95   (71 - 126) 154 (124 - 190)
Massachusetts 300 (254 - 355) 34 (27 - 42) 108   (91 - 128) 158 (123 - 204) 267 (223 - 319)
Michigan 471 (428 - 520) 71 (63 - 80) 158 (143 - 174) 242 (206 - 285) 400 (359 - 447)
Minnesota 189 (156 - 227) 28 (22 - 34) 67 (55 - 81) 94   (71 - 125) 161 (131 - 197)
Mississippi 103   (86 - 123) 17 (14 - 21) 35 (29 - 43) 50 (38 - 66) 86   (70 - 105)
Missouri 248 (211 - 291) 35 (29 - 43) 88   (74 - 104) 124   (96 - 159) 212 (178 - 253)
Montana 43 (36 - 51) 7 (6 - 9) 15 (12 - 18) 21 (16 - 28) 36 (30 - 43)
Nebraska 67 (55 - 80) 10   (8 - 12) 23 (19 - 29) 33 (25 - 44) 57 (46 - 69)
Nevada 124 (104 - 148) 18 (14 - 22) 41 (34 - 48) 66 (51 - 85) 107   (88 - 129)
New Hampshire 51 (42 - 61) 8   (6 - 10) 17 (14 - 21) 26 (20 - 34) 43 (35 - 53)
New Jersey 282 (233 - 343) 43 (34 - 53) 85   (69 - 104) 154 (117 - 204) 240 (194 - 297)
New Mexico 87   (73 - 105) 14 (11 - 18) 28 (23 - 34) 45 (34 - 59) 73 (59 - 89)
New York 682 (604 - 772) 93   (81 - 108) 215 (190 - 243) 374 (307 - 455) 589 (513 - 676)
North Carolina 346 (287 - 416) 52 (42 - 63) 110   (91 - 132) 184 (139 - 244) 294 (239 - 360)
North Dakota 22 (18 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 11   (8 - 15) 19 (15 - 23)
Ohio 484 (437 - 536) 71 (62 - 80) 172 (156 - 189) 241 (202 - 286) 413 (368 - 463)
Oklahoma 193 (160 - 232) 28 (23 - 34) 61 (51 - 73) 104   (79 - 137) 165 (135 - 202)
Oregon 164 (138 - 195) 24 (19 - 29) 52 (42 - 63) 89   (69 - 114) 140 (116 - 170)
Pennsylvania 424 (377 - 478) 62 (54 - 72) 149 (133 - 167) 213 (174 - 261) 362 (317 - 413)
Rhode Island 50 (42 - 59) 6 (5 - 7) 20 (17 - 23) 24 (19 - 31) 44 (37 - 53)
South Carolina 172 (144 - 207) 25 (20 - 30) 60 (50 - 72) 88   (66 - 117) 147 (121 - 181)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 30) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 12   (9 - 16) 21 (17 - 26)
Tennessee 314 (265 - 371) 44 (36 - 53) 108   (91 - 128) 162 (125 - 209) 270 (224 - 324)
Texas 884 (798 - 981) 140 (122 - 160) 304 (272 - 340) 440 (371 - 523) 745 (664 - 835)
Utah 121 (103 - 141) 18 (15 - 23) 46 (38 - 55) 57 (44 - 72) 102   (86 - 122)
Vermont 27 (23 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (9 - 12) 13 (10 - 18) 24 (19 - 29)
Virginia 284 (236 - 340) 42 (34 - 52) 94   (78 - 114) 148 (113 - 193) 242 (198 - 295)
Washington 322 (272 - 381) 43 (35 - 53) 109   (92 - 129) 170 (132 - 217) 279 (232 - 335)
West Virginia 89   (76 - 104) 12 (10 - 15) 32 (28 - 37) 45 (35 - 58) 77 (65 - 91)
Wisconsin 225 (188 - 267) 34 (27 - 41) 77 (64 - 93) 114   (87 - 148) 191 (157 - 231)
Wyoming 22 (18 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 14) 18 (15 - 22)
130319
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 125,708 (124,326 - 127,062) 4,210 (4,095 - 4,326) 20,042 (19,799 - 20,280) 101,456 (100,131 - 102,755) 121,499 (120,118 - 122,848)
Northeast 25,433 (24,908 - 25,953) 839 (802 - 879) 3,832 (3,757 - 3,906) 20,762 (20,267 - 21,253) 24,594 (24,074 - 25,111)
Midwest 29,636 (29,133 - 30,144) 986    (947 - 1,026) 4,976 (4,899 - 5,052) 23,674 (23,208 - 24,144) 28,650 (28,150 - 29,152)
South 41,977 (41,139 - 42,789) 1,432 (1,372 - 1,493) 6,677 (6,554 - 6,800) 33,868 (33,087 - 34,623) 40,545 (39,716 - 41,347)
West 28,662 (28,015 - 29,313) 952    (900 - 1,007) 4,557 (4,453 - 4,657) 23,153 (22,544 - 23,760) 27,710 (27,068 - 28,349)
Alabama 1,605 (1,486 - 1,725) 61 (53 - 71) 269 (251 - 288) 1,274 (1,163 - 1,388) 1,544 (1,427 - 1,662)
Alaska 274 (259 - 290) 10   (8 - 11) 43 (40 - 46) 221 (207 - 236) 265 (249 - 280)
Arizona 2,647 (2,485 - 2,808) 90   (77 - 105) 400 (375 - 425) 2,156 (2,004 - 2,304) 2,557 (2,397 - 2,712)
Arkansas 981    (908 - 1,055) 41 (36 - 47) 166 (154 - 177) 774 (706 - 843) 940    (868 - 1,012)
California 14,834 (14,328 - 15,338) 487 (444 - 533) 2,375 (2,290 - 2,459) 11,972 (11,492 - 12,448) 14,347 (13,847 - 14,844)
Colorado 2,251 (2,129 - 2,372) 71 (61 - 81) 353 (332 - 372) 1,828 (1,715 - 1,937) 2,181 (2,059 - 2,297)
Connecticut 1,778 (1,681 - 1,872) 60 (53 - 68) 251 (237 - 264) 1,467 (1,375 - 1,554) 1,718 (1,622 - 1,809)
Delaware 363 (340 - 385) 11 (10 - 13) 59 (55 - 62) 293 (272 - 314) 351 (329 - 373)
District of Columbia 288 (273 - 302) 5 (4 - 6) 52 (49 - 54) 231 (218 - 245) 283 (268 - 297)
Florida 7,996 (7,731 - 8,257) 234 (215 - 255) 1,035    (999 - 1,071) 6,727 (6,471 - 6,980) 7,762 (7,500 - 8,022)
Georgia 3,325 (3,090 - 3,565) 115   (99 - 133) 535 (494 - 577) 2,675 (2,456 - 2,895) 3,210 (2,977 - 3,444)
Hawaii 483 (446 - 519) 13 (11 - 16) 72 (67 - 78) 397 (363 - 432) 470 (434 - 506)
Idaho 543 (507 - 580) 21 (18 - 24) 88 (81 - 94) 435 (401 - 469) 522 (486 - 558)
Illinois 5,514 (5,332 - 5,694) 189 (173 - 205) 922 (894 - 949) 4,403 (4,229 - 4,576) 5,325 (5,144 - 5,505)
Indiana 2,546 (2,384 - 2,711) 81 (70 - 94) 433 (406 - 459) 2,032 (1,878 - 2,185) 2,465 (2,303 - 2,625)
Iowa 1,319 (1,243 - 1,394) 45 (39 - 51) 234 (221 - 246) 1,040    (969 - 1,111) 1,274 (1,199 - 1,348)
Kansas 1,196 (1,126 - 1,267) 45 (40 - 51) 218 (206 - 229) 933 (868 - 998) 1,151 (1,081 - 1,219)
Kentucky 1,467 (1,359 - 1,576) 54 (47 - 62) 245 (228 - 262) 1,167 (1,066 - 1,270) 1,413 (1,305 - 1,520)
Louisiana 1,747 (1,632 - 1,864) 67 (58 - 77) 303 (282 - 323) 1,378 (1,270 - 1,485) 1,680 (1,566 - 1,794)
Maine 620 (584 - 655) 20 (18 - 23) 89 (85 - 94) 510 (476 - 544) 600 (564 - 634)
Maryland 2,457 (2,312 - 2,600) 75 (65 - 86) 367 (345 - 388) 2,015 (1,879 - 2,149) 2,382 (2,239 - 2,522)
Massachusetts 3,122 (2,947 - 3,294) 90   (78 - 103) 488 (462 - 511) 2,545 (2,377 - 2,707) 3,033 (2,858 - 3,201)
Michigan 4,713 (4,577 - 4,847) 148 (136 - 161) 758 (736 - 780) 3,806 (3,677 - 3,934) 4,565 (4,430 - 4,697)
Minnesota 2,638 (2,506 - 2,768) 81 (71 - 93) 427 (406 - 447) 2,130 (2,005 - 2,248) 2,557 (2,425 - 2,682)
Mississippi 871 (800 - 944) 37 (32 - 43) 160 (147 - 173) 674 (609 - 742) 834 (764 - 906)
Missouri 2,413 (2,256 - 2,567) 86 (75 - 99) 426 (402 - 449) 1,901 (1,754 - 2,046) 2,327 (2,173 - 2,479)
Montana 449 (423 - 475) 17 (15 - 19) 76 (72 - 79) 356 (331 - 381) 432 (406 - 458)
Nebraska 782 (735 - 829) 28 (25 - 32) 149 (141 - 156) 606 (561 - 649) 754 (707 - 800)
Nevada 1,043    (977 - 1,108) 33 (29 - 38) 148 (138 - 158) 861 (799 - 922) 1,009   (944 - 1,073)
New Hampshire 674 (640 - 708) 21 (18 - 24) 97   (92 - 102) 556 (523 - 588) 653 (619 - 686)
New Jersey 4,091 (3,851 - 4,327) 144 (126 - 164) 562 (529 - 594) 3,385 (3,156 - 3,606) 3,947 (3,709 - 4,178)
New Mexico 728 (676 - 780) 30 (26 - 34) 132 (122 - 141) 566 (519 - 615) 698 (647 - 749)
New York 8,801 (8,514 - 9,085) 306 (282 - 330) 1,353 (1,309 - 1,397) 7,142 (6,868 - 7,412) 8,495 (8,210 - 8,777)
North Carolina 3,112 (2,871 - 3,353) 105   (90 - 122) 492 (458 - 524) 2,515 (2,290 - 2,744) 3,007 (2,771 - 3,245)
North Dakota 309 (292 - 326) 10   (9 - 11) 62 (59 - 65) 237 (221 - 253) 299 (282 - 316)
Ohio 4,910 (4,746 - 5,073) 169 (155 - 183) 826 (802 - 849) 3,916 (3,758 - 4,073) 4,741 (4,579 - 4,903)
Oklahoma 1,212 (1,115 - 1,311) 46 (40 - 54) 222 (205 - 238) 943    (854 - 1,035) 1,165 (1,070 - 1,262)
Oregon 1,678 (1,579 - 1,775) 54 (47 - 63) 240 (224 - 255) 1,383 (1,290 - 1,473) 1,623 (1,525 - 1,718)
Pennsylvania 5,470 (5,286 - 5,653) 171 (157 - 185) 847 (819 - 873) 4,453 (4,275 - 4,629) 5,300 (5,116 - 5,481)
Rhode Island 553 (524 - 581) 18 (15 - 20) 93 (89 - 98) 442 (414 - 467) 535 (507 - 562)
South Carolina 1,593 (1,479 - 1,709) 52 (45 - 60) 254 (235 - 271) 1,287 (1,180 - 1,395) 1,541 (1,428 - 1,655)
South Dakota 373 (354 - 393) 12 (11 - 14) 69 (65 - 72) 292 (274 - 310) 361 (342 - 380)
Tennessee 2,106 (1,941 - 2,274) 68 (58 - 79) 348 (324 - 372) 1,689 (1,533 - 1,849) 2,038 (1,875 - 2,203)
Texas 9,100 (8,794 - 9,405) 345 (316 - 376) 1,591 (1,536 - 1,646) 7,164 (6,877 - 7,449) 8,755 (8,455 - 9,054)
Utah 626 (569 - 686) 26 (21 - 33) 134 (120 - 149) 466 (413 - 521) 600 (543 - 659)
Vermont 324 (306 - 342) 11   (9 - 12) 52 (49 - 54) 262 (244 - 279) 313 (295 - 331)
Virginia 3,193 (2,992 - 3,392) 94   (81 - 109) 478 (449 - 507) 2,621 (2,430 - 2,809) 3,099 (2,900 - 3,295)
Washington 2,865 (2,698 - 3,030) 91   (79 - 105) 453 (427 - 477) 2,321 (2,162 - 2,476) 2,773 (2,607 - 2,935)
West Virginia 564 (514 - 615) 23 (20 - 26) 101   (94 - 108) 440 (393 - 489) 541 (492 - 591)
Wisconsin 2,922 (2,783 - 3,059) 92   (80 - 105) 453 (430 - 474) 2,377 (2,243 - 2,504) 2,830 (2,690 - 2,963)
Wyoming 242 (227 - 255) 9   (7 - 10) 43 (41 - 45) 190 (177 - 203) 233 (219 - 247)
130319
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 55,888 (54,896 - 56,886) 2,567 (2,473 - 2,665) 13,719 (13,473 - 13,963) 39,602 (38,689 - 40,526) 53,321 (52,330 - 54,318)
Northeast 10,865 (10,508 - 11,234) 513 (481 - 546) 2,682 (2,610 - 2,754) 7,671 (7,330 - 8,023) 10,353  (9,999 - 10,720)
Midwest 13,888 (13,545 - 14,235) 615 (585 - 647) 3,546 (3,471 - 3,621) 9,726   (9,405 - 10,057) 13,272 (12,933 - 13,616)
South 19,031 (18,514 - 19,550) 841 (795 - 889) 4,475 (4,362 - 4,588) 13,715 (13,230 - 14,207) 18,190 (17,679 - 18,704)
West 12,104 (11,669 - 12,552) 599 (556 - 645) 3,016 (2,915 - 3,118) 8,489 (8,086 - 8,909) 11,505 (11,072 - 11,950)
Alabama 707 (627 - 794) 34 (28 - 42) 170 (152 - 188) 503 (431 - 583) 672 (594 - 758)
Alaska 112 (101 - 124) 6 (5 - 8) 27 (24 - 29) 79 (69 - 90) 105   (94 - 117)
Arizona 1,115 (1,002 - 1,236) 56 (46 - 67) 271 (245 - 297) 788 (688 - 898) 1,059    (948 - 1,177)
Arkansas 476 (428 - 527) 27 (22 - 33) 117 (106 - 129) 332 (289 - 379) 449 (402 - 499)
California 6,140 (5,789 - 6,506) 305 (270 - 343) 1,539 (1,458 - 1,621) 4,296 (3,973 - 4,640) 5,835 (5,489 - 6,199)
Colorado 947    (854 - 1,047) 43 (36 - 52) 242 (222 - 263) 662 (579 - 753) 904    (812 - 1,001)
Connecticut 737 (665 - 814) 36 (30 - 43) 174 (160 - 188) 527 (461 - 599) 701 (630 - 777)
Delaware 150 (135 - 167) 7 (5 - 9) 39 (36 - 43) 104   (90 - 120) 143 (128 - 160)
District of Columbia 136 (124 - 148) 3 (2 - 3) 36 (33 - 39) 97   (86 - 108) 133 (122 - 145)
Florida 3,339 (3,143 - 3,545) 132 (117 - 148) 675 (640 - 711) 2,532 (2,344 - 2,731) 3,207 (3,013 - 3,413)
Georgia 1,459 (1,296 - 1,636) 65 (54 - 79) 353 (315 - 393) 1,040    (896 - 1,202) 1,393 (1,232 - 1,568)
Hawaii 222 (196 - 249) 9   (7 - 11) 51 (46 - 56) 162 (138 - 188) 212 (187 - 240)
Idaho 253 (228 - 280) 14 (11 - 17) 64 (58 - 71) 175 (152 - 200) 239 (215 - 266)
Illinois 2,669 (2,533 - 2,810) 115 (104 - 128) 659 (630 - 689) 1,895 (1,766 - 2,029) 2,554 (2,420 - 2,694)
Indiana 1,087    (979 - 1,206) 50 (41 - 61) 288 (263 - 314) 749 (651 - 858) 1,037   (930 - 1,153)
Iowa 673 (614 - 734) 28 (23 - 33) 178 (165 - 191) 467 (414 - 523) 645 (587 - 705)
Kansas 572 (519 - 629) 31 (26 - 37) 156 (143 - 169) 386 (338 - 437) 541 (489 - 596)
Kentucky 751 (674 - 834) 34 (29 - 41) 172 (155 - 190) 545 (476 - 622) 717 (641 - 798)
Louisiana 840 (755 - 932) 40 (33 - 48) 194 (175 - 214) 606 (530 - 690) 800 (716 - 891)
Maine 254 (228 - 281) 12 (10 - 14) 61 (56 - 66) 180 (157 - 206) 242 (217 - 268)
Maryland 933    (837 - 1,038) 44 (36 - 53) 218 (197 - 240) 671 (585 - 767) 890 (795 - 992)
Massachusetts 1,364 (1,239 - 1,497) 58 (49 - 70) 364 (338 - 390) 941    (827 - 1,067) 1,305 (1,183 - 1,436)
Michigan 2,129 (2,024 - 2,239) 90   (81 - 100) 530 (508 - 552) 1,509 (1,410 - 1,613) 2,039 (1,935 - 2,148)
Minnesota 1,189 (1,086 - 1,297) 55 (47 - 66) 299 (277 - 322) 835 (742 - 935) 1,134 (1,032 - 1,240)
Mississippi 436 (386 - 491) 20 (17 - 25) 108   (96 - 120) 308 (264 - 358) 416 (367 - 469)
Missouri 1,150 (1,044 - 1,261) 53 (44 - 63) 304 (280 - 327) 793 (698 - 897) 1,097    (994 - 1,207)
Montana 226 (206 - 247) 12 (10 - 14) 59 (55 - 63) 155 (137 - 174) 214 (195 - 234)
Nebraska 386 (352 - 422) 18 (15 - 22) 106   (97 - 114) 262 (232 - 295) 368 (334 - 403)
Nevada 473 (427 - 523) 21 (17 - 26) 105   (95 - 115) 347 (305 - 393) 452 (406 - 501)
New Hampshire 265 (239 - 293) 13 (11 - 15) 70 (64 - 75) 183 (159 - 209) 252 (227 - 279)
New Jersey 1,621 (1,452 - 1,806) 86   (72 - 104) 380 (348 - 414) 1,155    (999 - 1,328) 1,535 (1,368 - 1,717)
New Mexico 323 (288 - 362) 18 (15 - 21) 85 (76 - 94) 221 (189 - 257) 306 (270 - 344)
New York 3,782 (3,566 - 4,008) 184 (166 - 204) 923 (878 - 967) 2,676 (2,471 - 2,893) 3,598 (3,384 - 3,823)
North Carolina 1,383 (1,230 - 1,548) 61 (50 - 75) 322 (292 - 354) 999 (861 - 1,154) 1,321 (1,171 - 1,484)
North Dakota 162 (148 - 176) 6 (5 - 8) 48 (45 - 51) 107   (95 - 121) 155 (142 - 169)
Ohio 2,327 (2,203 - 2,455) 103   (93 - 115) 591 (566 - 615) 1,633 (1,515 - 1,757) 2,224 (2,101 - 2,351)
Oklahoma 609 (543 - 681) 30 (24 - 37) 155 (140 - 171) 424 (365 - 489) 579 (513 - 650)
Oregon 661 (595 - 732) 34 (28 - 40) 156 (141 - 172) 471 (412 - 535) 627 (563 - 696)
Pennsylvania 2,457 (2,320 - 2,599) 107   (96 - 119) 608 (581 - 635) 1,742 (1,614 - 1,878) 2,350 (2,215 - 2,492)
Rhode Island 246 (224 - 269) 10   (8 - 12) 65 (59 - 70) 171 (152 - 192) 236 (214 - 258)
South Carolina 733 (657 - 818) 29 (24 - 35) 169 (153 - 187) 535 (465 - 613) 704 (628 - 788)
South Dakota 179 (164 - 196) 8 (6 - 9) 48 (45 - 52) 123 (110 - 139) 172 (156 - 188)
Tennessee 1,021    (913 - 1,139) 39 (31 - 47) 252 (228 - 276) 731 (634 - 839) 983    (876 - 1,098)
Texas 4,423 (4,201 - 4,654) 205 (183 - 230) 1,097 (1,043 - 1,152) 3,121 (2,914 - 3,338) 4,218 (3,999 - 4,446)
Utah 336 (296 - 380) 19 (15 - 23) 103   (91 - 117) 214 (180 - 253) 317 (278 - 361)
Vermont 140 (127 - 153) 7 (6 - 8) 38 (35 - 40) 96   (84 - 108) 133 (121 - 147)
Virginia 1,341 (1,210 - 1,482) 56 (46 - 68) 321 (292 - 351) 964    (845 - 1,094) 1,285 (1,156 - 1,424)
Washington 1,190 (1,070 - 1,319) 58 (48 - 69) 284 (258 - 312) 848 (739 - 967) 1,132 (1,013 - 1,259)
West Virginia 294 (262 - 329) 14 (11 - 17) 77 (70 - 83) 204 (174 - 237) 280 (248 - 314)
Wisconsin 1,363 (1,246 - 1,485) 57 (48 - 68) 340 (314 - 365) 967    (861 - 1,080) 1,306 (1,190 - 1,426)
Wyoming 108   (98 - 118) 5 (4 - 7) 30 (28 - 32) 72 (63 - 82) 102   (92 - 112)
130319
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 101,953 (100,688 - 103,218) 9,861   (9,705 - 10,018) 10,659 (10,450 - 10,871) 81,434 (80,221 - 82,643) 92,093 (90,846 - 93,338)
Northeast 18,263 (17,817 - 18,709) 1,689 (1,639 - 1,739) 1,709 (1,646 - 1,774) 14,865 (14,435 - 15,298) 16,574 (16,139 - 17,011)
Midwest 20,511 (20,094 - 20,929) 2,088 (2,036 - 2,141) 2,053 (1,990 - 2,118) 16,370 (15,967 - 16,772) 18,423 (18,014 - 18,833)
South 39,112 (38,413 - 39,816) 3,718 (3,631 - 3,805) 4,127 (4,017 - 4,240) 31,266 (30,591 - 31,946) 35,394 (34,706 - 36,088)
West 24,068 (23,473 - 24,661) 2,366 (2,292 - 2,442) 2,769 (2,665 - 2,875) 18,933 (18,366 - 19,494) 21,702 (21,122 - 22,278)
Alabama 1,702 (1,588 - 1,818) 162 (149 - 175) 180 (163 - 198) 1,360 (1,253 - 1,468) 1,540 (1,429 - 1,653)
Alaska 193 (178 - 209) 24 (21 - 26) 21 (18 - 23) 149 (135 - 164) 170 (155 - 185)
Arizona 1,971 (1,823 - 2,123) 189 (171 - 208) 214 (190 - 239) 1,568 (1,430 - 1,709) 1,782 (1,639 - 1,929)
Arkansas 988    (919 - 1,058) 92   (85 - 100) 106   (96 - 116) 790 (726 - 855) 896 (829 - 963)
California 13,409 (12,912 - 13,908) 1,340 (1,277 - 1,404) 1,613 (1,526 - 1,702) 10,456   (9,985 - 10,929) 12,069 (11,585 - 12,554)
Colorado 1,458 (1,346 - 1,574) 131 (118 - 144) 153 (135 - 171) 1,175 (1,070 - 1,282) 1,327 (1,219 - 1,440)
Connecticut 1,170 (1,072 - 1,270) 107   (98 - 117) 106   (93 - 120) 957    (864 - 1,051) 1,063    (968 - 1,160)
Delaware 292 (271 - 314) 27 (25 - 30) 29 (25 - 33) 236 (216 - 257) 265 (244 - 286)
District of Columbia 203 (189 - 218) 16 (15 - 17) 23 (20 - 26) 165 (151 - 179) 187 (173 - 202)
Florida 6,608 (6,354 - 6,861) 550 (524 - 577) 680 (645 - 715) 5,377 (5,132 - 5,624) 6,057 (5,808 - 6,307)
Georgia 3,523 (3,293 - 3,755) 359 (331 - 387) 382 (345 - 421) 2,782 (2,563 - 3,000) 3,164 (2,941 - 3,390)
Hawaii 435 (398 - 472) 42 (39 - 46) 42 (38 - 47) 350 (316 - 385) 392 (357 - 429)
Idaho 472 (438 - 507) 50 (45 - 54) 53 (48 - 59) 369 (337 - 402) 423 (390 - 456)
Illinois 4,080 (3,910 - 4,253) 417 (396 - 438) 442 (416 - 469) 3,222 (3,058 - 3,389) 3,663 (3,495 - 3,834)
Indiana 2,073 (1,921 - 2,228) 204 (187 - 223) 212 (190 - 236) 1,656 (1,515 - 1,801) 1,868 (1,722 - 2,019)
Iowa 874 (803 - 948) 85 (78 - 94) 82 (72 - 94) 706 (639 - 775) 788 (720 - 860)
Kansas 887 (823 - 954) 88 (81 - 96) 82 (72 - 94) 717 (656 - 778) 799 (737 - 863)
Kentucky 1,449 (1,347 - 1,556) 125 (115 - 136) 142 (127 - 158) 1,182 (1,085 - 1,282) 1,324 (1,224 - 1,428)
Louisiana 1,577 (1,468 - 1,688) 165 (152 - 178) 208 (188 - 228) 1,205 (1,102 - 1,309) 1,412 (1,306 - 1,520)
Maine 431 (397 - 466) 37 (33 - 40) 30 (26 - 34) 365 (332 - 398) 395 (362 - 429)
Maryland 2,057 (1,917 - 2,199) 197 (181 - 213) 207 (186 - 229) 1,653 (1,521 - 1,786) 1,860 (1,724 - 1,997)
Massachusetts 1,873 (1,715 - 2,037) 175 (159 - 192) 185 (164 - 208) 1,512 (1,364 - 1,667) 1,698 (1,545 - 1,857)
Michigan 3,204 (3,077 - 3,332) 342 (327 - 358) 318 (297 - 339) 2,544 (2,422 - 2,668) 2,862 (2,737 - 2,988)
Minnesota 1,434 (1,316 - 1,557) 147 (133 - 161) 137 (120 - 156) 1,150 (1,039 - 1,266) 1,287 (1,173 - 1,407)
Mississippi 1,109 (1,038 - 1,182) 114 (106 - 123) 130 (118 - 143) 865 (798 - 931) 995    (926 - 1,065)
Missouri 1,909 (1,757 - 2,066) 183 (167 - 199) 173 (154 - 194) 1,553 (1,408 - 1,703) 1,726 (1,578 - 1,879)
Montana 284 (261 - 308) 26 (23 - 29) 27 (23 - 30) 232 (210 - 254) 258 (236 - 281)
Nebraska 533 (489 - 578) 54 (49 - 59) 52 (46 - 59) 427 (386 - 469) 479 (437 - 523)
Nevada 836 (773 - 900) 78 (71 - 85) 89 (80 - 99) 669 (610 - 730) 758 (697 - 821)
New Hampshire 379 (347 - 412) 37 (34 - 41) 31 (27 - 36) 310 (280 - 342) 342 (311 - 374)
New Jersey 3,095 (2,867 - 3,326) 273 (249 - 297) 289 (260 - 319) 2,533 (2,314 - 2,756) 2,822 (2,600 - 3,047)
New Mexico 752 (703 - 802) 70 (64 - 76) 86 (78 - 95) 596 (550 - 643) 682 (634 - 731)
New York 6,857 (6,588 - 7,128) 626 (596 - 657) 662 (621 - 705) 5,568 (5,307 - 5,832) 6,231 (5,967 - 6,496)
North Carolina 3,232 (2,988 - 3,480) 292 (267 - 317) 278 (248 - 310) 2,662 (2,429 - 2,897) 2,940 (2,703 - 3,182)
North Dakota 179 (163 - 195) 17 (15 - 18) 19 (17 - 22) 142 (128 - 157) 162 (147 - 178)
Ohio 3,596 (3,438 - 3,756) 369 (351 - 386) 362 (340 - 384) 2,865 (2,713 - 3,020) 3,227 (3,072 - 3,385)
Oklahoma 1,240 (1,146 - 1,336) 117 (106 - 128) 139 (125 - 154) 984    (897 - 1,073) 1,123 (1,033 - 1,216)
Oregon 1,207 (1,119 - 1,297) 109   (99 - 120) 117 (104 - 131) 980    (899 - 1,064) 1,098 (1,013 - 1,185)
Pennsylvania 3,922 (3,746 - 4,102) 385 (367 - 404) 356 (333 - 381) 3,181 (3,011 - 3,354) 3,537 (3,364 - 3,713)
Rhode Island 351 (324 - 379) 32 (29 - 35) 35 (30 - 39) 285 (259 - 311) 319 (293 - 346)
South Carolina 1,557 (1,449 - 1,666) 153 (142 - 165) 164 (148 - 180) 1,240 (1,139 - 1,342) 1,404 (1,299 - 1,509)
South Dakota 216 (199 - 234) 23 (21 - 25) 21 (18 - 24) 173 (157 - 190) 194 (177 - 211)
Tennessee 2,080 (1,923 - 2,240) 191 (176 - 207) 210 (189 - 233) 1,678 (1,530 - 1,830) 1,888 (1,735 - 2,045)
Texas 8,158 (7,860 - 8,459) 854 (814 - 896) 930 (877 - 985) 6,374 (6,089 - 6,659) 7,304 (7,012 - 7,597)
Utah 920 (856 - 985) 107   (98 - 117) 144 (130 - 159) 669 (610 - 728) 813 (751 - 875)
Vermont 185 (169 - 202) 16 (15 - 18) 15 (13 - 17) 154 (139 - 170) 169 (153 - 186)
Virginia 2,650 (2,461 - 2,841) 249 (229 - 270) 261 (235 - 289) 2,139 (1,960 - 2,321) 2,400 (2,217 - 2,587)
Washington 1,971 (1,812 - 2,136) 186 (169 - 205) 195 (172 - 220) 1,590 (1,442 - 1,742) 1,785 (1,631 - 1,944)
West Virginia 686 (637 - 737) 53 (49 - 58) 60 (54 - 66) 574 (527 - 621) 633 (585 - 683)
Wisconsin 1,526 (1,401 - 1,658) 159 (145 - 175) 153 (133 - 175) 1,214 (1,097 - 1,337) 1,367 (1,245 - 1,496)
Wyoming 160 (147 - 173) 15 (13 - 16) 15 (14 - 18) 129 (117 - 142) 145 (132 - 158)
130319
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 10,825 (10,596 - 11,057) 7,222 (7,019 - 7,431)
Northeast 2,133 (2,070 - 2,198) 1,445 (1,387 - 1,505)
Midwest 2,611 (2,547 - 2,678) 1,825 (1,764 - 1,888)
South 3,628 (3,525 - 3,732) 2,326 (2,241 - 2,414)
West 2,452 (2,362 - 2,544) 1,626 (1,550 - 1,706)
Alabama 150 (136 - 165) 90   (79 - 102)
Alaska 27 (24 - 29) 18 (16 - 20)
Arizona 221 (201 - 243) 147 (131 - 165)
Arkansas 105   (96 - 115) 70 (62 - 79)
California 1,264 (1,193 - 1,338) 817 (757 - 881)
Colorado 182 (167 - 199) 118 (105 - 132)
Connecticut 133 (122 - 145) 89   (79 - 100)
Delaware 31 (28 - 34) 20 (17 - 23)
District of Columbia 18 (16 - 20) 11 (10 - 13)
Florida 594 (561 - 627) 379 (353 - 407)
Georgia 306 (276 - 339) 187 (165 - 212)
Hawaii 34 (31 - 39) 25 (22 - 29)
Idaho 50 (45 - 56) 37 (32 - 41)
Illinois 470 (446 - 496) 321 (301 - 343)
Indiana 228 (208 - 250) 157 (140 - 175)
Iowa 118 (108 - 128) 87 (79 - 96)
Kansas 118 (108 - 129) 87 (78 - 96)
Kentucky 137 (124 - 150) 93   (82 - 104)
Louisiana 161 (146 - 177) 96   (85 - 109)
Maine 53 (49 - 58) 37 (33 - 41)
Maryland 184 (168 - 202) 110   (97 - 125)
Massachusetts 258 (236 - 280) 189 (170 - 209)
Michigan 387 (369 - 406) 267 (251 - 284)
Minnesota 202 (186 - 219) 146 (132 - 162)
Mississippi 99   (89 - 110) 65 (57 - 74)
Missouri 226 (207 - 247) 153 (137 - 169)
Montana 40 (37 - 43) 30 (28 - 33)
Nebraska 75 (70 - 81) 54 (49 - 59)
Nevada 83 (75 - 91) 56 (50 - 63)
New Hampshire 55 (51 - 59) 38 (35 - 42)
New Jersey 341 (313 - 370) 218 (194 - 244)
New Mexico 72 (64 - 80) 47 (41 - 53)
New York 748 (710 - 786) 496 (463 - 529)
North Carolina 262 (237 - 288) 169 (150 - 191)
North Dakota 32 (30 - 35) 25 (22 - 27)
Ohio 448 (427 - 469) 312 (294 - 331)
Oklahoma 111   (99 - 124) 79 (70 - 90)
Oregon 130 (118 - 142) 85 (75 - 96)
Pennsylvania 463 (440 - 487) 321 (301 - 343)
Rhode Island 50 (46 - 54) 33 (30 - 36)
South Carolina 130 (117 - 144) 83 (73 - 94)
South Dakota 35 (32 - 38) 25 (22 - 27)
Tennessee 179 (162 - 197) 116 (102 - 132)
Texas 847 (802 - 893) 545 (506 - 586)
Utah 80 (69 - 92) 64 (56 - 73)
Vermont 32 (30 - 35) 24 (22 - 26)
Virginia 254 (231 - 279) 170 (151 - 190)
Washington 248 (227 - 269) 167 (149 - 186)
West Virginia 60 (54 - 66) 41 (37 - 46)
Wisconsin 270 (250 - 291) 191 (173 - 211)
Wyoming 22 (20 - 24) 15 (14 - 17)
130319
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 72,189 (70,990 - 73,419) 3,303 (3,199 - 3,410) 14,389 (14,169 - 14,610) 54,497 (53,372 - 55,655) 68,886 (67,697 - 70,106)
Northeast 12,863 (12,438 - 13,298) 602 (566 - 640) 2,572 (2,502 - 2,642) 9,689   (9,287 - 10,101) 12,261 (11,848 - 12,685)
Midwest 17,632 (17,201 - 18,066) 820 (781 - 860) 3,619 (3,546 - 3,691) 13,194 (12,790 - 13,603) 16,812 (16,392 - 17,233)
South 27,726 (27,053 - 28,421) 1,204 (1,146 - 1,264) 5,249 (5,142 - 5,357) 21,273 (20,636 - 21,932) 26,522 (25,871 - 27,194)
West 13,968 (13,462 - 14,490) 677 (628 - 730) 2,950 (2,854 - 3,045) 10,341   (9,866 - 10,837) 13,291 (12,799 - 13,798)
Alabama 1,274 (1,171 - 1,380) 58 (50 - 68) 232 (214 - 250) 983    (888 - 1,084) 1,215 (1,115 - 1,319)
Alaska 157 (144 - 170) 10   (8 - 12) 35 (32 - 38) 111 (100 - 124) 147 (134 - 160)
Arizona 1,374 (1,251 - 1,503) 70 (59 - 83) 277 (253 - 302) 1,026    (915 - 1,146) 1,304 (1,184 - 1,429)
Arkansas 823 (759 - 888) 38 (33 - 45) 156 (145 - 167) 629 (569 - 691) 785 (722 - 849)
California 6,659 (6,277 - 7,057) 313 (275 - 354) 1,402 (1,322 - 1,485) 4,944 (4,583 - 5,325) 6,347 (5,972 - 6,738)
Colorado 1,021    (927 - 1,120) 55 (47 - 65) 236 (216 - 256) 730 (646 - 821) 966    (874 - 1,062)
Connecticut 743 (671 - 819) 37 (31 - 44) 164 (151 - 178) 541 (474 - 614) 705 (635 - 781)
Delaware 199 (182 - 217) 9   (7 - 10) 39 (35 - 42) 151 (135 - 168) 190 (173 - 208)
District of Columbia 138 (125 - 151) 3 (3 - 4) 28 (25 - 31) 106   (95 - 118) 134 (122 - 147)
Florida 4,214 (3,996 - 4,441) 162 (146 - 180) 728 (693 - 763) 3,324 (3,113 - 3,544) 4,052 (3,837 - 4,276)
Georgia 2,169 (1,974 - 2,375) 97   (82 - 115) 409 (372 - 447) 1,663 (1,483 - 1,855) 2,072 (1,881 - 2,272)
Hawaii 229 (203 - 256) 9   (8 - 11) 46 (41 - 51) 174 (150 - 200) 220 (195 - 246)
Idaho 323 (295 - 353) 16 (14 - 19) 72 (66 - 78) 235 (209 - 263) 307 (280 - 336)
Illinois 3,149 (2,995 - 3,308) 141 (127 - 156) 646 (617 - 675) 2,362 (2,216 - 2,515) 3,008 (2,858 - 3,164)
Indiana 1,720 (1,585 - 1,862) 78 (66 - 90) 342 (316 - 368) 1,300 (1,173 - 1,433) 1,642 (1,509 - 1,781)
Iowa 783 (722 - 846) 39 (33 - 45) 175 (161 - 188) 570 (515 - 629) 745 (684 - 806)
Kansas 738 (680 - 798) 37 (32 - 43) 158 (146 - 171) 542 (489 - 598) 700 (643 - 759)
Kentucky 1,326 (1,230 - 1,424) 66 (58 - 75) 247 (231 - 264) 1,012    (922 - 1,106) 1,260 (1,165 - 1,355)
Louisiana 1,178 (1,084 - 1,277) 50 (43 - 59) 230 (210 - 251) 898 (811 - 989) 1,128 (1,036 - 1,225)
Maine 353 (323 - 383) 17 (15 - 20) 69 (64 - 73) 267 (239 - 296) 335 (306 - 365)
Maryland 1,181 (1,076 - 1,294) 54 (46 - 63) 230 (209 - 252) 897    (800 - 1,002) 1,127 (1,024 - 1,237)
Massachusetts 1,528 (1,398 - 1,665) 73 (62 - 85) 313 (288 - 338) 1,142 (1,020 - 1,273) 1,455 (1,328 - 1,590)
Michigan 2,731 (2,608 - 2,857) 121 (109 - 133) 552 (530 - 574) 2,058 (1,941 - 2,180) 2,610 (2,489 - 2,735)
Minnesota 1,292 (1,183 - 1,406) 67 (58 - 78) 307 (285 - 329) 919    (818 - 1,028) 1,226 (1,118 - 1,337)
Mississippi 782 (721 - 846) 34 (29 - 40) 152 (139 - 165) 597 (540 - 656) 748 (688 - 810)
Missouri 1,699 (1,572 - 1,828) 78 (67 - 90) 321 (298 - 344) 1,300 (1,181 - 1,424) 1,621 (1,497 - 1,749)
Montana 270 (248 - 293) 14 (12 - 16) 56 (52 - 60) 200 (179 - 221) 256 (234 - 278)
Nebraska 438 (400 - 477) 21 (18 - 25) 97   (89 - 105) 319 (285 - 356) 416 (379 - 454)
Nevada 617 (562 - 674) 25 (21 - 30) 106   (96 - 115) 486 (435 - 541) 592 (538 - 648)
New Hampshire 301 (274 - 329) 15 (13 - 17) 65 (59 - 70) 221 (196 - 248) 286 (260 - 314)
New Jersey 1,851 (1,673 - 2,043) 95   (78 - 114) 364 (332 - 397) 1,393 (1,227 - 1,572) 1,757 (1,582 - 1,944)
New Mexico 454 (414 - 496) 26 (21 - 30) 107   (98 - 115) 322 (285 - 362) 428 (389 - 470)
New York 4,401 (4,163 - 4,647) 189 (171 - 210) 878 (833 - 924) 3,333 (3,107 - 3,570) 4,212 (3,978 - 4,455)
North Carolina 2,250 (2,062 - 2,445) 103   (88 - 119) 426 (394 - 458) 1,721 (1,545 - 1,908) 2,148 (1,963 - 2,340)
North Dakota 163 (149 - 178) 8 (7 - 9) 40 (37 - 43) 115 (102 - 129) 156 (142 - 170)
Ohio 3,208 (3,066 - 3,353) 154 (140 - 168) 636 (611 - 661) 2,418 (2,282 - 2,558) 3,054 (2,915 - 3,197)
Oklahoma 1,064    (981 - 1,149) 48 (41 - 56) 208 (192 - 224) 808 (732 - 887) 1,016    (935 - 1,099)
Oregon 839 (769 - 913) 42 (36 - 49) 174 (159 - 190) 623 (559 - 692) 797 (729 - 869)
Pennsylvania 3,263 (3,099 - 3,433) 156 (142 - 171) 624 (598 - 650) 2,483 (2,325 - 2,647) 3,107 (2,946 - 3,274)
Rhode Island 261 (239 - 285) 12 (10 - 14) 57 (52 - 62) 192 (172 - 214) 249 (228 - 272)
South Carolina 1,196 (1,101 - 1,296) 54 (46 - 63) 221 (204 - 239) 921    (831 - 1,015) 1,142 (1,049 - 1,240)
South Dakota 207 (191 - 224) 12 (10 - 13) 45 (42 - 49) 150 (135 - 166) 196 (180 - 212)
Tennessee 1,893 (1,751 - 2,039) 80 (69 - 93) 334 (310 - 357) 1,479 (1,344 - 1,619) 1,813 (1,673 - 1,956)
Texas 5,614 (5,342 - 5,894) 243 (219 - 270) 1,133 (1,081 - 1,186) 4,238 (3,980 - 4,505) 5,371 (5,103 - 5,646)
Utah 428 (384 - 475) 23 (18 - 28) 111   (98 - 125) 294 (255 - 337) 405 (362 - 451)
Vermont 162 (148 - 177) 9   (7 - 10) 38 (35 - 40) 116 (103 - 130) 154 (140 - 168)
Virginia 1,802 (1,647 - 1,966) 80 (67 - 94) 376 (346 - 406) 1,347 (1,201 - 1,502) 1,723 (1,570 - 1,884)
Washington 1,449 (1,323 - 1,583) 67 (56 - 79) 296 (270 - 322) 1,087    (970 - 1,212) 1,383 (1,259 - 1,512)
West Virginia 624 (577 - 672) 25 (22 - 29) 99   (92 - 106) 499 (454 - 546) 599 (552 - 646)
Wisconsin 1,504 (1,385 - 1,627) 65 (56 - 76) 300 (276 - 324) 1,138 (1,029 - 1,254) 1,438 (1,321 - 1,558)
Wyoming 148 (136 - 160) 8 (7 - 9) 32 (30 - 34) 108   (97 - 120) 140 (128 - 152)
130319
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 61,045 (59,917 - 62,197) 2,688 (2,592 - 2,786) 12,631 (12,418 - 12,845) 45,726 (44,678 - 46,802) 58,357 (57,238 - 59,501)
Northeast 10,982 (10,577 - 11,401) 491 (463 - 521) 2,272 (2,200 - 2,346) 8,218 (7,829 - 8,621) 10,491 (10,090 - 10,906)
Midwest 14,897 (14,468 - 15,330) 669 (637 - 702) 3,189 (3,119 - 3,261) 11,039 (10,630 - 11,456) 14,228 (13,804 - 14,655)
South 23,147 (22,499 - 23,815) 981    (931 - 1,033) 4,571 (4,463 - 4,680) 17,596 (16,971 - 18,242) 22,167 (21,527 - 22,825)
West 12,019 (11,525 - 12,528) 547 (506 - 590) 2,598 (2,499 - 2,699) 8,874 (8,406 - 9,364) 11,472 (10,984 - 11,975)
Alabama 1,044    (952 - 1,141) 45 (38 - 54) 196 (178 - 214) 803 (716 - 896) 999    (907 - 1,095)
Alaska 126 (115 - 139) 7 (6 - 8) 30 (27 - 32) 90   (79 - 102) 120 (108 - 132)
Arizona 1,157 (1,043 - 1,279) 58 (48 - 69) 236 (213 - 261) 863 (759 - 976) 1,099 (986 - 1,219)
Arkansas 675 (614 - 739) 32 (27 - 38) 137 (125 - 149) 505 (448 - 566) 642 (582 - 706)
California 5,850 (5,477 - 6,240) 258 (227 - 292) 1,251 (1,171 - 1,334) 4,341 (3,990 - 4,715) 5,592 (5,224 - 5,979)
Colorado 854 (770 - 944) 42 (35 - 50) 206 (186 - 227) 606 (529 - 690) 812 (728 - 900)
Connecticut 628 (563 - 699) 31 (26 - 37) 146 (132 - 160) 452 (391 - 519) 597 (533 - 668)
Delaware 172 (155 - 190) 7 (6 - 9) 34 (31 - 38) 130 (115 - 147) 165 (148 - 182)
District of Columbia 123 (111 - 135) 3 (2 - 3) 26 (23 - 29) 94 (83 - 105) 120 (109 - 132)
Florida 3,558 (3,348 - 3,780) 135 (121 - 152) 622 (587 - 658) 2,801 (2,596 - 3,017) 3,423 (3,214 - 3,644)
Georgia 1,726 (1,552 - 1,913) 78 (65 - 94) 350 (313 - 388) 1,298 (1,139 - 1,473) 1,648 (1,475 - 1,833)
Hawaii 203 (179 - 229) 7 (6 - 9) 42 (37 - 47) 154 (132 - 179) 196 (172 - 222)
Idaho 273 (247 - 301) 13 (11 - 16) 62 (56 - 69) 197 (174 - 223) 260 (234 - 287)
Illinois 2,707 (2,556 - 2,863) 116 (104 - 129) 573 (545 - 602) 2,017 (1,873 - 2,168) 2,591 (2,442 - 2,746)
Indiana 1,458 (1,333 - 1,592) 65 (55 - 76) 302 (277 - 328) 1,091    (973 - 1,218) 1,393 (1,268 - 1,526)
Iowa 631 (574 - 691) 31 (26 - 37) 147 (134 - 160) 453 (400 - 510) 600 (543 - 659)
Kansas 599 (547 - 655) 29 (25 - 34) 135 (123 - 148) 435 (387 - 488) 570 (518 - 625)
Kentucky 1,075    (984 - 1,171) 53 (45 - 61) 219 (202 - 235) 804 (717 - 896) 1,023    (931 - 1,117)
Louisiana 968    (880 - 1,062) 41 (34 - 48) 203 (183 - 223) 724 (643 - 812) 927    (840 - 1,020)
Maine 305 (279 - 333) 14 (12 - 16) 60 (55 - 65) 231 (206 - 258) 292 (265 - 319)
Maryland 1,016    (919 - 1,119) 47 (39 - 56) 205 (185 - 226) 764 (674 - 862) 969    (873 - 1,072)
Massachusetts 1,270 (1,146 - 1,404) 53 (44 - 63) 269 (244 - 295) 948    (832 - 1,074) 1,217 (1,094 - 1,349)
Michigan 2,346 (2,227 - 2,468) 102   (92 - 113) 495 (473 - 518) 1,748 (1,636 - 1,865) 2,243 (2,126 - 2,365)
Minnesota 1,076    (977 - 1,181) 54 (46 - 65) 276 (253 - 299) 746 (657 - 843) 1,022    (924 - 1,125)
Mississippi 637 (581 - 697) 26 (21 - 31) 124 (112 - 137) 487 (434 - 544) 611 (555 - 670)
Missouri 1,424 (1,305 - 1,548) 65 (55 - 76) 281 (257 - 305) 1,079    (968 - 1,196) 1,359 (1,242 - 1,483)
Montana 217 (197 - 238) 11   (9 - 12) 46 (42 - 50) 160 (142 - 180) 206 (186 - 227)
Nebraska 370 (336 - 406) 17 (15 - 20) 84 (77 - 92) 268 (237 - 302) 353 (319 - 388)
Nevada 538 (485 - 594) 21 (18 - 26) 95   (86 - 105) 421 (371 - 474) 516 (464 - 571)
New Hampshire 255 (229 - 282) 12 (10 - 15) 58 (53 - 64) 184 (161 - 210) 243 (218 - 269)
New Jersey 1,524 (1,363 - 1,700) 81 (68 - 95) 318 (286 - 351) 1,126    (976 - 1,292) 1,443 (1,284 - 1,618)
New Mexico 386 (348 - 426) 20 (17 - 24) 94   (85 - 103) 272 (237 - 309) 366 (328 - 406)
New York 3,894 (3,676 - 4,122) 154 (137 - 172) 794 (750 - 839) 2,947 (2,738 - 3,166) 3,741 (3,524 - 3,968)
North Carolina 1,895 (1,718 - 2,081) 80 (67 - 94) 380 (348 - 412) 1,435 (1,269 - 1,615) 1,815 (1,640 - 2,001)
North Dakota 134 (121 - 147) 6 (5 - 7) 34 (31 - 37) 93   (82 - 106) 128 (115 - 141)
Ohio 2,706 (2,572 - 2,846) 122 (111 - 134) 553 (529 - 578) 2,031 (1,901 - 2,166) 2,585 (2,451 - 2,723)
Oklahoma 900 (821 - 982) 38 (32 - 46) 178 (162 - 194) 684 (611 - 761) 861 (784 - 942)
Oregon 708 (639 - 782) 33 (27 - 39) 154 (138 - 170) 522 (458 - 592) 675 (607 - 749)
Pennsylvania 2,747 (2,593 - 2,908) 131 (119 - 144) 544 (517 - 571) 2,073 (1,925 - 2,228) 2,616 (2,463 - 2,776)
Rhode Island 223 (201 - 246) 10   (8 - 11) 51 (46 - 56) 162 (142 - 184) 213 (192 - 236)
South Carolina 1,049    (960 - 1,144) 44 (37 - 52) 199 (182 - 217) 806 (722 - 896) 1,005    (917 - 1,099)
South Dakota 168 (153 - 184) 9   (8 - 11) 38 (35 - 42) 120 (106 - 135) 158 (143 - 174)
Tennessee 1,585 (1,446 - 1,732) 63 (54 - 74) 298 (274 - 323) 1,224 (1,091 - 1,365) 1,522 (1,383 - 1,668)
Texas 4,682 (4,426 - 4,945) 201 (179 - 225) 985    (933 - 1,039) 3,496 (3,256 - 3,747) 4,481 (4,229 - 4,742)
Utah 373 (332 - 419) 19 (15 - 23) 102   (89 - 116) 253 (217 - 294) 355 (314 - 399)
Vermont 135 (122 - 149) 7 (6 - 8) 33 (30 - 35) 96   (83 - 109) 128 (115 - 142)
Virginia 1,543 (1,397 - 1,698) 69 (58 - 82) 331 (302 - 361) 1,143 (1,008 - 1,290) 1,474 (1,330 - 1,628)
Washington 1,215 (1,097 - 1,340) 52 (43 - 62) 253 (227 - 279) 910    (802 - 1,028) 1,163 (1,046 - 1,287)
West Virginia 501 (459 - 545) 20 (17 - 23) 84 (78 - 91) 397 (357 - 439) 481 (439 - 524)
Wisconsin 1,277 (1,165 - 1,396) 52 (43 - 62) 269 (245 - 293) 957    (853 - 1,068) 1,226 (1,114 - 1,342)
Wyoming 119 (108 - 130) 6 (5 - 7) 27 (25 - 29) 86 (76 - 96) 113 (103 - 124)
130319
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 181,355 (180,263 - 182,416) 17,387 (17,233 - 17,539) 22,895 (22,702 - 23,086) 141,074 (140,015 - 142,096) 163,969 (162,882 - 165,021)
Northeast 34,694 (34,286 - 35,089) 3,150 (3,098 - 3,201) 4,099 (4,031 - 4,166) 27,444 (27,062 - 27,812) 31,543 (31,147 - 31,928)
Midwest 39,106 (38,687 - 39,514) 3,842 (3,790 - 3,894) 4,972 (4,900 - 5,042) 30,293 (29,903 - 30,670) 35,264 (34,857 - 35,661)
South 64,657 (64,013 - 65,284) 6,152 (6,067 - 6,235) 8,098 (7,984 - 8,209) 50,408 (49,811 - 50,984) 58,506 (57,880 - 59,112)
West 42,898 (42,386 - 43,393) 4,243 (4,167 - 4,317) 5,726 (5,633 - 5,817) 32,929 (32,446 - 33,391) 38,655 (38,154 - 39,137)
Alabama 2,705 (2,602 - 2,802) 252 (239 - 265) 346 (329 - 362) 2,106 (2,009 - 2,197) 2,453 (2,351 - 2,548)
Alaska 377 (363 - 389) 45 (43 - 47) 50 (47 - 52) 282 (269 - 294) 332 (318 - 344)
Arizona 3,666 (3,546 - 3,779) 344 (326 - 362) 473 (451 - 493) 2,849 (2,734 - 2,954) 3,321 (3,202 - 3,432)
Arkansas 1,635 (1,571 - 1,695) 151 (143 - 159) 205 (194 - 215) 1,278 (1,218 - 1,334) 1,483 (1,421 - 1,542)
California 22,975 (22,567 - 23,363) 2,324 (2,261 - 2,384) 3,130 (3,056 - 3,200) 17,521 (17,133 - 17,886) 20,651 (20,252 - 21,029)
Colorado 2,911 (2,816 - 3,001) 267 (254 - 280) 368 (350 - 385) 2,276 (2,186 - 2,358) 2,644 (2,550 - 2,731)
Connecticut 2,269 (2,193 - 2,339) 214 (205 - 223) 261 (248 - 272) 1,794 (1,721 - 1,860) 2,055 (1,980 - 2,124)
Delaware 523 (505 - 541) 48 (46 - 50) 66 (63 - 69) 409 (391 - 425) 475 (457 - 492)
District of Columbia 373 (361 - 384) 25 (23 - 26) 55 (53 - 57) 293 (282 - 303) 348 (337 - 359)
Florida 11,381 (11,157 - 11,596) 954 (927 - 980) 1,285 (1,252 - 1,316) 9,143 (8,926 - 9,348) 10,428 (10,205 - 10,640)
Georgia 5,559 (5,373 - 5,733) 556 (530 - 580) 725 (691 - 758) 4,278 (4,100 - 4,440) 5,003 (4,819 - 5,174)
Hawaii 772 (742 - 800) 70 (67 - 73) 90 (85 - 94) 612 (583 - 638) 702 (672 - 729)
Idaho 862 (831 - 891) 90 (86 - 94) 118 (112 - 123) 654 (625 - 681) 772 (741 - 800)
Illinois 7,849 (7,702 - 7,990) 756 (736 - 776) 997    (970 - 1,023) 6,096 (5,955 - 6,230) 7,093 (6,948 - 7,232)
Indiana 3,578 (3,436 - 3,714) 360 (342 - 377) 470 (445 - 493) 2,748 (2,614 - 2,875) 3,218 (3,078 - 3,351)
Iowa 1,742 (1,679 - 1,803) 165 (157 - 172) 223 (210 - 235) 1,355 (1,294 - 1,411) 1,578 (1,515 - 1,638)
Kansas 1,594 (1,534 - 1,652) 159 (151 - 166) 213 (201 - 225) 1,222 (1,165 - 1,275) 1,436 (1,376 - 1,492)
Kentucky 2,344 (2,251 - 2,434) 216 (205 - 227) 272 (256 - 288) 1,856 (1,766 - 1,940) 2,128 (2,036 - 2,216)
Louisiana 2,611 (2,512 - 2,704) 268 (256 - 279) 378 (360 - 394) 1,966 (1,872 - 2,052) 2,343 (2,246 - 2,434)
Maine 807 (776 - 835) 70 (66 - 73) 86 (81 - 90) 651 (622 - 678) 737 (707 - 765)
Maryland 3,451 (3,333 - 3,562) 338 (322 - 353) 423 (402 - 442) 2,691 (2,578 - 2,794) 3,113 (2,996 - 3,222)
Massachusetts 4,057 (3,922 - 4,183) 358 (342 - 374) 503 (480 - 524) 3,196 (3,068 - 3,314) 3,699 (3,566 - 3,822)
Michigan 6,104 (5,985 - 6,218) 609 (592 - 625) 741 (719 - 762) 4,754 (4,642 - 4,862) 5,495 (5,379 - 5,606)
Minnesota 3,076 (2,961 - 3,184) 289 (275 - 304) 400 (379 - 421) 2,386 (2,278 - 2,485) 2,786 (2,673 - 2,892)
Mississippi 1,707 (1,646 - 1,765) 172 (163 - 179) 233 (221 - 245) 1,302 (1,245 - 1,355) 1,535 (1,475 - 1,592)
Missouri 3,357 (3,229 - 3,479) 332 (316 - 348) 410 (387 - 432) 2,615 (2,492 - 2,730) 3,025 (2,899 - 3,145)
Montana 566 (545 - 586) 52 (50 - 55) 73 (69 - 76) 441 (421 - 460) 514 (493 - 534)
Nebraska 1,024    (985 - 1,062) 102   (97 - 106) 137 (129 - 144) 786 (748 - 821) 923 (884 - 960)
Nevada 1,443 (1,387 - 1,495) 139 (132 - 146) 178 (169 - 186) 1,125 (1,072 - 1,175) 1,303 (1,248 - 1,355)
New Hampshire 816 (786 - 844) 79 (76 - 83) 91 (86 - 96) 646 (617 - 672) 737 (707 - 764)
New Jersey 5,560 (5,385 - 5,723) 514 (491 - 537) 628 (598 - 655) 4,418 (4,247 - 4,573) 5,046 (4,871 - 5,206)
New Mexico 1,188 (1,149 - 1,225) 115 (109 - 121) 159 (151 - 167) 913 (876 - 947) 1,073 (1,034 - 1,109)
New York 12,440 (12,210 - 12,660) 1,121 (1,090 - 1,151) 1,508 (1,465 - 1,550) 9,810   (9,589 - 10,018) 11,319 (11,090 - 11,537)
North Carolina 5,192 (4,993 - 5,379) 499 (475 - 521) 597 (565 - 627) 4,096 (3,903 - 4,274) 4,694 (4,497 - 4,877)
North Dakota 358 (343 - 372) 34 (32 - 35) 54 (51 - 57) 270 (256 - 283) 324 (310 - 338)
Ohio 6,724 (6,577 - 6,865) 664 (646 - 681) 831 (807 - 854) 5,229 (5,087 - 5,365) 6,060 (5,915 - 6,199)
Oklahoma 2,000 (1,914 - 2,081) 193 (182 - 204) 272 (257 - 287) 1,534 (1,452 - 1,610) 1,806 (1,722 - 1,886)
Oregon 2,358 (2,280 - 2,430) 209 (198 - 219) 281 (267 - 294) 1,868 (1,794 - 1,934) 2,149 (2,072 - 2,220)
Pennsylvania 7,657 (7,497 - 7,811) 699 (680 - 718) 883 (857 - 909) 6,074 (5,919 - 6,222) 6,958 (6,800 - 7,109)
Rhode Island 685 (663 - 706) 59 (56 - 61) 92 (88 - 96) 534 (513 - 553) 626 (604 - 647)
South Carolina 2,477 (2,383 - 2,566) 242 (230 - 253) 309 (292 - 324) 1,926 (1,835 - 2,011) 2,235 (2,142 - 2,323)
South Dakota 462 (445 - 479) 46 (44 - 48) 63 (59 - 66) 354 (338 - 368) 416 (400 - 432)
Tennessee 3,510 (3,368 - 3,644) 315 (299 - 332) 398 (374 - 420) 2,797 (2,660 - 2,923) 3,194 (3,054 - 3,326)
Texas 13,583 (13,322 - 13,834) 1,407 (1,366 - 1,446) 1,874 (1,820 - 1,926) 10,302 (10,058 - 10,535) 12,176 (11,921 - 12,421)
Utah 1,527 (1,477 - 1,572) 174 (166 - 182) 277 (265 - 289) 1,075 (1,030 - 1,115) 1,352 (1,304 - 1,396)
Vermont 403 (389 - 416) 36 (34 - 37) 47 (45 - 50) 320 (307 - 332) 367 (354 - 380)
Virginia 4,553 (4,387 - 4,709) 422 (402 - 441) 542 (514 - 568) 3,590 (3,432 - 3,735) 4,131 (3,966 - 4,284)
Washington 3,952 (3,816 - 4,078) 384 (367 - 399) 491 (467 - 514) 3,077 (2,948 - 3,195) 3,568 (3,434 - 3,693)
West Virginia 1,053 (1,009 - 1,096) 94 (90 - 98) 118 (111 - 124) 841 (798 - 882) 959    (915 - 1,001)
Wisconsin 3,237 (3,104 - 3,364) 327 (312 - 341) 433 (410 - 454) 2,478 (2,351 - 2,596) 2,910 (2,778 - 3,035)
Wyoming 304 (293 - 315) 29 (28 - 30) 39 (37 - 41) 236 (225 - 246) 275 (264 - 285)
130319
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 18,756 (18,196 - 19,330) 1,384 (1,318 - 1,454) 5,735 (5,567 - 5,907) 11,636 (11,128 - 12,165) 17,371 (16,818 - 17,940)
Northeast 3,294 (3,108 - 3,493) 245 (224 - 268) 1,028    (973 - 1,084) 2,021 (1,853 - 2,204) 3,049 (2,868 - 3,244)
Midwest 4,529 (4,345 - 4,719) 334 (311 - 358) 1,511 (1,452 - 1,572) 2,684 (2,518 - 2,861) 4,195 (4,013 - 4,382)
South 6,364 (6,067 - 6,671) 452 (418 - 488) 1,839 (1,756 - 1,925) 4,073 (3,800 - 4,361) 5,912 (5,621 - 6,214)
West 4,570 (4,309 - 4,843) 354 (322 - 389) 1,357 (1,283 - 1,435) 2,858 (2,623 - 3,113) 4,215 (3,961 - 4,483)
Alabama 245 (204 - 292) 19 (15 - 25) 66 (55 - 79) 160 (125 - 203) 226 (187 - 272)
Alaska 40 (34 - 47) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 24 (19 - 30) 37 (31 - 43)
Arizona 395 (336 - 463) 30 (23 - 38) 110 (94 - 128) 256 (205 - 317) 366 (309 - 431)
Arkansas 182 (155 - 214) 15 (12 - 20) 55 (48 - 64) 112   (89 - 140) 167 (141 - 198)
California 2,431 (2,215 - 2,667) 182 (156 - 213) 710 (650 - 775) 1,539 (1,346 - 1,757) 2,249 (2,038 - 2,480)
Colorado 350 (298 - 408) 27 (21 - 34) 107 (92 - 124) 216 (174 - 267) 323 (273 - 379)
Connecticut 250 (212 - 294) 18 (14 - 23) 80 (69 - 92) 152 (120 - 192) 232 (195 - 275)
Delaware 47 (39 - 56) 3 (3 - 4) 15 (12 - 17) 29 (23 - 37) 44 (36 - 52)
District of Columbia 47 (40 - 55) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (12 - 16) 32 (26 - 39) 46 (39 - 54)
Florida 1,124 (1,015 - 1,245) 73 (62 - 85) 295 (270 - 322) 756 (656 - 870) 1,051    (945 - 1,170)
Georgia 500 (417 - 598) 36 (28 - 47) 142 (119 - 168) 322 (253 - 409) 464 (384 - 559)
Hawaii 74 (61 - 89) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (18 - 26) 48 (37 - 62) 69 (57 - 84)
Idaho 95   (82 - 111) 9   (7 - 12) 31 (26 - 36) 56 (45 - 69) 86   (73 - 101)
Illinois 809 (739 - 886) 62 (53 - 72) 268 (246 - 292) 479 (417 - 549) 747 (679 - 822)
Indiana 396 (338 - 462) 28 (21 - 35) 136 (117 - 156) 233 (186 - 291) 368 (313 - 433)
Iowa 225 (194 - 259) 20 (16 - 24) 77 (68 - 88) 128 (103 - 159) 205 (176 - 239)
Kansas 191 (165 - 220) 17 (14 - 21) 63 (54 - 73) 111   (90 - 136) 174 (149 - 202)
Kentucky 218 (183 - 258) 20 (16 - 25) 65 (55 - 76) 133 (104 - 169) 198 (164 - 237)
Louisiana 255 (213 - 304) 17 (13 - 22) 73 (62 - 87) 165 (130 - 208) 238 (198 - 286)
Maine 83 (70 - 99) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (20 - 28) 53 (42 - 67) 77 (64 - 92)
Maryland 320 (271 - 377) 25 (19 - 31) 97   (83 - 112) 198 (157 - 250) 295 (248 - 351)
Massachusetts 438 (372 - 515) 28 (22 - 36) 134 (116 - 155) 276 (219 - 345) 410 (346 - 486)
Michigan 698 (639 - 761) 47 (41 - 55) 227 (209 - 246) 423 (371 - 481) 650 (593 - 713)
Minnesota 395 (338 - 460) 29 (23 - 37) 125 (109 - 144) 241 (193 - 299) 366 (311 - 430)
Mississippi 153 (126 - 184) 11 (9 - 15) 48 (40 - 57) 94   (72 - 121) 141 (116 - 171)
Missouri 423 (366 - 489) 31 (25 - 39) 146 (128 - 165) 246 (198 - 305) 392 (337 - 455)
Montana 87   (75 - 100) 8   (7 - 10) 29 (26 - 33) 49 (40 - 61) 78 (67 - 91)
Nebraska 141 (122 - 162) 11   (8 - 13) 50 (44 - 57) 81 (65 - 99) 131 (112 - 151)
Nevada 165 (141 - 193) 13 (10 - 17) 44 (38 - 51) 108   (87 - 133) 152 (128 - 179)
New Hampshire 90   (76 - 106) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (26 - 34) 53 (42 - 67) 83 (70 - 98)
New Jersey 461 (384 - 552) 40 (31 - 52) 132 (111 - 156) 289 (225 - 369) 421 (347 - 510)
New Mexico 130 (110 - 153) 11   (9 - 14) 39 (33 - 46) 79 (63 - 99) 119   (99 - 141)
New York 1,125 (1,012 - 1,250) 84 (71 - 99) 352 (320 - 386) 689 (590 - 804) 1,041    (931 - 1,163)
North Carolina 469 (391 - 560) 35 (27 - 45) 130 (110 - 153) 303 (237 - 387) 434 (359 - 523)
North Dakota 50 (44 - 58) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 22) 27 (21 - 33) 46 (40 - 53)
Ohio 739 (672 - 811) 52 (45 - 60) 237 (218 - 257) 450 (391 - 517) 687 (622 - 758)
Oklahoma 213 (180 - 252) 15 (11 - 19) 69 (59 - 80) 130 (103 - 163) 199 (166 - 236)
Oregon 211 (177 - 250) 19 (14 - 24) 64 (54 - 76) 128 (100 - 163) 192 (159 - 231)
Pennsylvania 723 (653 - 801) 53 (46 - 62) 235 (216 - 256) 434 (372 - 506) 670 (601 - 746)
Rhode Island 76 (65 - 90) 5 (4 - 6) 24 (21 - 28) 48 (38 - 60) 72 (61 - 85)
South Carolina 255 (215 - 303) 16 (13 - 21) 69 (58 - 82) 169 (135 - 212) 238 (200 - 285)
South Dakota 64 (56 - 73) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 25) 37 (30 - 46) 59 (51 - 69)
Tennessee 337 (284 - 400) 24 (18 - 30) 105   (89 - 122) 209 (165 - 265) 314 (263 - 374)
Texas 1,460 (1,325 - 1,606) 104   (89 - 122) 429 (392 - 470) 926    (808 - 1,060) 1,356 (1,224 - 1,499)
Utah 144 (122 - 170) 12   (9 - 15) 55 (47 - 65) 77 (61 - 98) 132 (111 - 157)
Vermont 47 (41 - 55) 3 (3 - 4) 17 (15 - 19) 27 (22 - 34) 44 (37 - 51)
Virginia 441 (374 - 520) 31 (24 - 39) 136 (116 - 158) 275 (217 - 346) 410 (345 - 487)
Washington 408 (347 - 479) 31 (24 - 40) 120 (103 - 140) 257 (205 - 320) 377 (318 - 446)
West Virginia 99   (83 - 117) 7 (6 - 9) 32 (27 - 37) 60 (47 - 76) 92   (77 - 109)
Wisconsin 398 (344 - 457) 29 (22 - 36) 140 (122 - 159) 230 (186 - 282) 370 (317 - 427)
Wyoming 40 (34 - 46) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (12 - 15) 23 (19 - 29) 36 (31 - 43)
130319
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,199 (7,833 - 8,581) 511 (469 - 557) 2,424 (2,313 - 2,540) 5,263 (4,929 - 5,619) 7,688 (7,326 - 8,066)
Northeast 1,457 (1,324 - 1,604) 87   (75 - 100) 435 (402 - 471) 935    (813 - 1,076) 1,370 (1,241 - 1,513)
Midwest 1,889 (1,762 - 2,024) 120 (107 - 133) 606 (570 - 643) 1,164 (1,050 - 1,291) 1,770 (1,646 - 1,902)
South 2,759 (2,563 - 2,970) 172 (152 - 193) 801 (750 - 855) 1,787 (1,605 - 1,988) 2,588 (2,395 - 2,794)
West 2,093 (1,905 - 2,299) 133 (115 - 155) 583 (536 - 634) 1,377 (1,207 - 1,569) 1,960 (1,777 - 2,160)
Alabama 114   (89 - 147) 9   (6 - 12) 29 (23 - 37) 77 (55 - 108) 106   (82 - 137)  
Alaska 22 (17 - 28) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (11 - 21) 20 (16 - 26)
Arizona 194 (152 - 247) 12   (9 - 18) 49 (39 - 61) 133   (96 - 183) 181 (141 - 232)
Arkansas 77 (61 - 98) 5 (4 - 7) 22 (17 - 27) 50 (37 - 70) 72 (57 - 92)
California 1,132    (981 - 1,304) 70 (56 - 89) 313 (275 - 355) 749 (614 - 912) 1,061    (915 - 1,229)
Colorado 148 (118 - 184) 10   (7 - 14) 44 (35 - 55) 93   (69 - 126) 138 (109 - 172)
Connecticut 98   (77 - 123) 7 (5 - 9) 29 (23 - 36) 62 (44 - 86) 91   (72 - 116)
Delaware 20 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 13   (9 - 19) 19 (15 - 25)
District of Columbia 22 (18 - 28) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (12 - 22) 22 (17 - 27)
Florida 458 (395 - 531) 27 (22 - 34) 127 (111 - 145) 304 (247 - 373) 431 (370 - 502)
Georgia 227 (173 - 298) 14 (10 - 20) 54 (42 - 70) 159 (112 - 226) 213 (161 - 281)
Hawaii 36 (27 - 48) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 11) 26 (18 - 37) 34 (26 - 46)
Idaho 39 (31 - 48) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 16) 23 (17 - 32) 36 (28 - 45)
Illinois 369 (319 - 426) 23 (18 - 28) 108   (95 - 124) 238 (194 - 290) 346 (298 - 401)
Indiana 170 (137 - 211) 12   (8 - 16) 58 (47 - 71) 101   (73 - 138) 158 (126 - 198)
Iowa 97   (78 - 119) 7   (5 - 10) 31 (25 - 38) 58 (43 - 79) 90   (72 - 111)
Kansas 85   (69 - 106) 6 (4 - 9) 28 (23 - 35) 51 (37 - 69) 79 (63 - 99)
Kentucky 100   (78 - 128) 8   (6 - 11) 29 (23 - 37) 63 (45 - 89) 92   (72 - 118)
Louisiana 113   (88 - 146) 6 (4 - 9) 31 (25 - 39) 76   (53 - 107) 107   (82 - 138)
Maine 37 (29 - 46) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 12) 24 (17 - 33) 34 (27 - 43)
Maryland 124 (96 - 159) 8   (6 - 12) 35 (28 - 45) 80   (56 - 113) 115   (89 - 150)
Massachusetts 197 (157 - 247) 10   (7 - 14) 59 (48 - 72) 128   (94 - 175) 187 (149 - 235)
Michigan 308 (270 - 351) 19 (15 - 23) 95   (83 - 107) 194 (161 - 235) 289 (252 - 331)
Minnesota 156 (125 - 195) 10   (7 - 14) 47 (38 - 58) 100   (73 - 136) 146 (116 - 184)
Mississippi 73 (58 - 92) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (20 - 31) 44 (31 - 62) 69 (54 - 87)
Missouri 170 (137 - 210) 10   (7 - 14) 57 (47 - 69) 103   (75 - 140) 160 (128 - 199)
Montana 36 (28 - 46) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 12) 24 (17 - 33) 33 (26 - 43)
Nebraska 54 (44 - 66) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (16 - 23) 31 (23 - 42) 50 (41 - 62)
Nevada 68 (54 - 86) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (15 - 24) 45 (33 - 62) 64 (51 - 82)
New Hampshire 37 (30 - 46) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 16) 22 (16 - 30) 35 (28 - 43)
New Jersey 213 (166 - 273) 14 (10 - 20) 57 (45 - 71) 142 (101 - 199) 199 (153 - 257)
New Mexico 61 (48 - 77) 4 (3 - 6) 17 (13 - 21) 40 (29 - 56) 57 (44 - 73)
New York 514 (435 - 606) 28 (22 - 36) 153 (133 - 177) 332 (262 - 420) 485 (409 - 575)
North Carolina 218 (170 - 278) 14 (10 - 19) 58 (47 - 72) 146 (104 - 204) 204 (158 - 262)
North Dakota 19 (15 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 10   (7 - 15) 18 (14 - 22)
Ohio 290 (250 - 336) 17 (14 - 22) 97   (86 - 110) 176 (141 - 219) 273 (234 - 318)
Oklahoma 89   (69 - 113) 6 (4 - 8) 28 (22 - 35) 55 (39 - 77) 83   (64 - 106)
Oregon 95   (75 - 119) 7 (5 - 9) 31 (25 - 39) 57 (41 - 79) 88   (70 - 111)
Pennsylvania 310 (266 - 361) 20 (16 - 25) 97   (85 - 112) 193 (154 - 241) 290 (248 - 340)
Rhode Island 35 (27 - 44) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 22 (16 - 31) 33 (26 - 42)
South Carolina 112   (89 - 141) 7 (5 - 9) 31 (25 - 39) 74   (54 - 101) 105   (83 - 133)
South Dakota 23 (18 - 28) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 14 (10 - 18) 21 (17 - 26)
Tennessee 141 (110 - 180) 8   (6 - 12) 48 (38 - 59) 85   (59 - 121) 132 (103 - 170)
Texas 627 (545 - 720) 38 (29 - 48) 198 (173 - 227) 391 (320 - 478) 589 (510 - 680)
Utah 71 (57 - 89) 5 (3 - 7) 22 (17 - 28) 45 (33 - 60) 67 (53 - 83)
Vermont 17 (14 - 21) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 10 (7 - 14) 16 (13 - 20)
Virginia 199 (159 - 249) 13   (9 - 18) 58 (47 - 72) 128 (93 - 175) 186 (148 - 235)
Washington 177 (140 - 222) 11   (8 - 15) 47 (38 - 59) 119   (87 - 162) 166 (131 - 210)
West Virginia 44 (35 - 55) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (13 - 20) 25 (17 - 36) 41 (32 - 52)
Wisconsin 150 (120 - 186) 10   (7 - 14) 51 (41 - 63) 89   (65 - 122) 140 (111 - 175)
Wyoming 15 (12 - 18) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 9   (7 - 12) 14 (11 - 17)
130319
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,929 (6,645 - 7,224) 1,181 (1,118 - 1,246) 2,660 (2,546 - 2,778) 3,088 (2,846 - 3,350) 5,748 (5,470 - 6,040)
Northeast 1,287 (1,198 - 1,385) 210 (193 - 229) 516 (479 - 556) 561 (485 - 648) 1,077    (992 - 1,171)
Midwest 1,496 (1,403 - 1,594) 251 (231 - 271) 580 (543 - 620) 665 (590 - 749) 1,245 (1,157 - 1,339)
South 2,528 (2,380 - 2,685) 425 (395 - 457) 935 (879 - 994) 1,168 (1,043 - 1,309) 2,103 (1,962 - 2,253)
West 1,618 (1,489 - 1,756) 295 (266 - 327) 629 (579 - 683) 694 (589 - 817) 1,323 (1,202 - 1,455)
Alabama 105   (85 - 129) 16 (12 - 20) 39 (31 - 49) 50 (35 - 72) 89   (70 - 112)
Alaska 17 (14 - 21) 3 (3 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 8   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 18)
Arizona 137 (110 - 170) 27 (21 - 35) 48 (38 - 61) 62 (43 - 90) 110   (86 - 141)
Arkansas 76 (62 - 93) 15 (12 - 19) 29 (23 - 36) 33 (23 - 47) 61 (49 - 77)
California 853 (753 - 967) 158 (135 - 185) 327 (286 - 374) 368 (287 - 470) 695 (602 - 802)
Colorado 122   (99 - 149) 21 (16 - 26) 49 (39 - 61) 52 (36 - 75) 101   (80 - 127)
Connecticut 92   (76 - 111) 16 (13 - 21) 41 (33 - 50) 35 (24 - 51) 75 (61 - 94)
Delaware 22 (18 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 9   (7 - 13) 18 (15 - 23)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 25) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 13   (9 - 18) 18 (14 - 23)
Florida 435 (381 - 497) 73 (63 - 85) 155 (136 - 175) 207 (162 - 264) 362 (311 - 421)
Georgia 217 (176 - 268) 35 (27 - 45) 80   (63 - 101) 102   (72 - 145) 182 (143 - 231)
Hawaii 24 (19 - 32) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (6 - 11) 12   (8 - 19) 21 (15 - 28)
Idaho 35 (29 - 42) 7 (5 - 8) 15 (12 - 19) 13   (9 - 19) 28 (23 - 35)
Illinois 296 (259 - 338) 48 (41 - 56) 109   (95 - 126) 139 (109 - 176) 248 (213 - 288)
Indiana 147 (122 - 178) 25 (20 - 33) 62 (49 - 77) 60 (43 - 85) 122   (99 - 150)
Iowa 53 (42 - 68) 10   (7 - 13) 20 (15 - 27) 23 (15 - 36) 44 (33 - 57)
Kansas 64 (52 - 78) 11   (9 - 14) 25 (20 - 32) 27 (19 - 39) 53 (42 - 66)
Kentucky 88   (71 - 109) 16 (13 - 20) 31 (24 - 40) 41 (28 - 59) 72 (56 - 92)
Louisiana 104   (84 - 129) 18 (14 - 23) 36 (28 - 46) 50 (35 - 71) 86   (67 - 110)
Maine 35 (29 - 42) 7 (5 - 9) 15 (12 - 18) 14   (9 - 20) 28 (23 - 35)
Maryland 123   (99 - 154) 22 (17 - 28) 43 (34 - 55) 58 (40 - 85) 102   (79 - 130)
Massachusetts 157 (129 - 191) 27 (21 - 34) 65 (53 - 80) 65 (45 - 94) 131 (105 - 163)
Michigan 242 (214 - 274) 38 (33 - 45) 98   (86 - 112) 105   (83 - 133) 204 (177 - 234)
Minnesota 113   (92 - 138) 20 (15 - 26) 45 (36 - 57) 48 (33 - 69) 93   (74 - 116)
Mississippi 72 (59 - 88) 11   (9 - 14) 27 (21 - 34) 35 (25 - 48) 61 (49 - 77)
Missouri 130 (107 - 159) 22 (17 - 29) 53 (42 - 66) 55 (39 - 78) 108   (86 - 134)
Montana 25 (21 - 30) 5 (4 - 6) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (7 - 14) 20 (16 - 25)
Nebraska 35 (28 - 43) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (11 - 19) 14 (10 - 21) 29 (22 - 37)
Nevada 53 (43 - 66) 9   (7 - 12) 18 (14 - 23) 26 (18 - 37) 44 (35 - 56)
New Hampshire 31 (25 - 37) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 12   (8 - 17) 25 (20 - 31)
New Jersey 166 (132 - 208) 31 (24 - 40) 61 (47 - 77) 75   (50 - 111) 135 (104 - 176)
New Mexico 43 (34 - 53) 8   (6 - 10) 17 (13 - 22) 17 (12 - 26) 34 (27 - 44)
New York 494 (435 - 562) 73 (63 - 86) 189 (165 - 214) 232 (183 - 294) 421 (364 - 487)
North Carolina 215 (174 - 266) 35 (27 - 45) 78 (63 - 98) 102   (72 - 145) 181 (143 - 228)
North Dakota 12 (10 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 7) 10   (8 - 13)
Ohio 273 (240 - 310) 44 (37 - 51) 98   (85 - 111) 131 (104 - 166) 229 (197 - 265)
Oklahoma 82   (65 - 102) 15 (11 - 19) 30 (23 - 39) 37 (25 - 54) 67 (52 - 86)
Oregon 81   (66 - 100) 15 (11 - 19) 33 (26 - 42) 33 (23 - 48) 67 (53 - 84)
Pennsylvania 262 (230 - 299) 43 (36 - 51) 109   (95 - 125) 110   (85 - 143) 219 (189 - 254)
Rhode Island 33 (27 - 40) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 19) 12   (8 - 18) 28 (23 - 34)
South Carolina 105   (86 - 128) 16 (13 - 21) 37 (29 - 46) 51 (37 - 72) 88   (70 - 111)
South Dakota 15 (12 - 18) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9) 12   (9 - 15)
Tennessee 152 (124 - 185) 24 (19 - 31) 61 (49 - 75) 67 (47 - 96) 128 (102 - 159)
Texas 508 (448 - 577) 89   (74 - 106) 194 (168 - 224) 225 (179 - 284) 419 (363 - 485)
Utah 60 (49 - 73) 11 (8 - 14) 27 (21 - 34) 22 (15 - 31) 49 (39 - 61)
Vermont 17 (14 - 20) 3 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 6 (4 - 9) 14 (12 - 17)
Virginia 160 (130 - 196) 29 (23 - 37) 61 (49 - 77) 69   (47 - 101) 131 (104 - 165)
Washington 155 (126 - 189) 26 (20 - 33) 63 (50 - 79) 66 (46 - 95) 129 (103 - 161)
West Virginia 45 (37 - 54) 7 (5 - 9) 19 (16 - 24) 19 (13 - 27) 38 (30 - 47)
Wisconsin 116   (93 - 144) 21 (16 - 27) 43 (33 - 56) 52 (35 - 75) 95   (74 - 121)
Wyoming 12 (10 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 6) 10   (8 - 12)
130319
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,780 (4,542 - 5,028) 658 (612 - 709) 1,842 (1,747 - 1,941) 2,280 (2,078 - 2,500) 4,121 (3,888 - 4,367)
Northeast 924    (845 - 1,011) 120 (106 - 135) 366 (335 - 400) 437 (369 - 519) 804 (727 - 890)
Midwest 1,038    (958 - 1,124) 142 (128 - 157) 401 (372 - 433) 495 (426 - 574) 896 (819 - 979)
South 1,701 (1,576 - 1,836) 229 (206 - 254) 631 (584 - 681) 842 (732 - 967) 1,472 (1,352 - 1,603)
West 1,117 (1,010 - 1,234) 168 (147 - 191) 443 (402 - 489) 506 (417 - 613) 949    (848 - 1,062)
Alabama 74 (58 - 94) 9   (7 - 13) 27 (21 - 36) 37 (25 - 55) 65 (50 - 84)
Alaska 13 (10 - 16) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 11   (8 - 14)
Arizona 92   (74 - 116) 16 (12 - 22) 34 (26 - 46) 42 (29 - 62) 77 (59 - 98)
Arkansas 50 (40 - 62) 7   (5 - 10) 19 (15 - 25) 23 (16 - 34) 42 (33 - 54)
California 589 (505 - 686) 89   (72 - 110) 230 (197 - 269) 269 (202 - 358) 500 (420 - 594)
Colorado 85   (68 - 105) 11   (8 - 15) 36 (28 - 46) 38 (26 - 55) 73 (58 - 93)
Connecticut 66 (53 - 83) 10   (7 - 13) 31 (24 - 39) 26 (17 - 40) 57 (44 - 73)
Delaware 15 (12 - 18) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 7   (5 - 10) 13 (10 - 17)
District of Columbia 15 (11 - 20) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (7 - 16) 14 (11 - 19)
Florida 283 (244 - 328) 35 (29 - 43) 105   (90 - 123) 142 (110 - 184) 248 (210 - 292)
Georgia 143 (113 - 180) 19 (14 - 27) 55 (42 - 73) 69   (46 - 101) 124   (96 - 159)
Hawaii 15 (11 - 21) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 13) 13 (10 - 19)
Idaho 22 (17 - 27) 3 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 12) 9   (6 - 13) 18 (14 - 24)
Illinois 207 (177 - 242) 28 (22 - 35) 74 (63 - 88) 104   (79 - 137) 179 (150 - 213)
Indiana 103   (83 - 128) 16 (12 - 21) 44 (34 - 57) 43 (29 - 63) 87   (69 - 111)
Iowa 38 (29 - 49) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (10 - 18) 18 (12 - 28) 31 (23 - 42)
Kansas 44 (35 - 55) 6 (4 - 8) 18 (14 - 24) 20 (14 - 30) 38 (30 - 49)
Kentucky 66 (52 - 83) 10   (8 - 14) 23 (18 - 31) 32 (22 - 47) 56 (43 - 72)
Louisiana 72 (57 - 91) 9   (7 - 13) 24 (18 - 32) 38 (26 - 56) 62 (48 - 81)
Maine 24 (19 - 29) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (7 - 15) 20 (16 - 26)
Maryland 87   (69 - 110) 12   (9 - 16) 30 (23 - 39) 46 (31 - 67) 75 (58 - 98)
Massachusetts 117   (95 - 145) 14 (11 - 20) 51 (39 - 65) 52 (36 - 76) 103   (82 - 130)
Michigan 171 (149 - 197) 22 (18 - 26) 70 (60 - 81) 80   (62 - 104) 150 (128 - 175)
Minnesota 76 (60 - 95) 11   (8 - 15) 31 (24 - 41) 33 (23 - 49) 65 (50 - 82)
Mississippi 47 (38 - 59) 6 (4 - 8) 19 (15 - 25) 22 (15 - 32) 41 (32 - 52)
Missouri 83   (65 - 105) 13   (9 - 18) 32 (24 - 41) 38 (26 - 57) 70 (54 - 91)
Montana 16 (13 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 7   (5 - 10) 14 (11 - 18)
Nebraska 26 (21 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 15) 11   (7 - 16) 22 (17 - 29)
Nevada 37 (29 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 18) 18 (12 - 28) 32 (24 - 42)
New Hampshire 21 (16 - 26) 3 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 8   (6 - 13) 17 (13 - 22)
New Jersey 126 (100 - 159) 19 (14 - 26) 46 (35 - 60) 61 (41 - 90) 106   (82 - 138)
New Mexico 29 (22 - 36) 4 (3 - 6) 12   (9 - 16) 12   (8 - 18) 24 (19 - 32)
New York 351 (301 - 409) 41 (34 - 51) 127 (108 - 149) 183 (140 - 237) 309 (261 - 367)
North Carolina 145 (114 - 184) 18 (14 - 25) 51 (39 - 65) 76   (52 - 112) 127   (97 - 165)
North Dakota 9   (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6) 8   (6 - 10)
Ohio 189 (163 - 219) 23 (18 - 28) 69 (59 - 80) 97   (74 - 127) 166 (140 - 196)
Oklahoma 60 (47 - 76) 9   (6 - 12) 23 (17 - 30) 28 (19 - 42) 51 (39 - 66)
Oregon 57 (45 - 71) 9   (6 - 12) 23 (17 - 30) 25 (17 - 37) 48 (37 - 62)
Pennsylvania 186 (160 - 216) 24 (20 - 30) 77 (65 - 89) 85   (64 - 113) 161 (136 - 191)
Rhode Island 22 (17 - 27) 2 (2 - 3) 11   (8 - 13) 8   (6 - 13) 19 (15 - 24)
South Carolina 65 (52 - 83) 9   (6 - 12) 21 (16 - 28) 35 (24 - 51) 57 (44 - 74)
South Dakota 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 11)
Tennessee 102   (81 - 128) 14 (11 - 19) 38 (29 - 49) 50 (34 - 72) 87   (68 - 112)
Texas 335 (287 - 391) 48 (39 - 59) 127 (107 - 152) 160 (122 - 209) 287 (241 - 342)
Utah 42 (33 - 52) 6 (4 - 8) 19 (15 - 25) 16 (11 - 23) 36 (28 - 45)
Vermont 12 (10 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (3 - 7) 11   (9 - 13)
Virginia 114   (90 - 143) 16 (11 - 21) 45 (35 - 58) 53 (36 - 79) 98   (76 - 126)
Washington 113   (90 - 141) 16 (12 - 22) 45 (34 - 57) 52 (35 - 77) 96   (75 - 123)
West Virginia 29 (23 - 36) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (11 - 17) 12   (8 - 18) 26 (20 - 32)
Wisconsin 83   (65 - 105) 12   (8 - 16) 31 (23 - 40) 40 (27 - 60) 71 (54 - 92)
Wyoming 8   (7 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 5) 7 (6 - 9)
130319
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 22,440 (21,836 - 23,058) 2,042 (1,962 - 2,124) 7,034 (6,847 - 7,224) 13,365 (12,827 - 13,923) 20,399 (19,804 - 21,008)
Northeast 4,014 (3,813 - 4,227) 364 (338 - 392) 1,285 (1,229 - 1,343) 2,364 (2,180 - 2,563) 3,650 (3,455 - 3,858)
Midwest 5,288 (5,084 - 5,496) 470 (444 - 497) 1,763 (1,704 - 1,823) 3,055 (2,870 - 3,251) 4,818 (4,619 - 5,022)
South 7,721 (7,399 - 8,053) 703 (663 - 746) 2,318 (2,228 - 2,411) 4,699 (4,407 - 5,007) 7,017 (6,705 - 7,341)
West 5,418 (5,137 - 5,712) 504 (466 - 546) 1,667 (1,586 - 1,752) 3,247 (2,991 - 3,522) 4,914 (4,640 - 5,200)
Alabama 295 (252 - 343) 27 (22 - 34) 85 (73 - 99) 182 (146 - 226) 267 (227 - 315)
Alaska 51 (45 - 59) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (14 - 18) 30 (24 - 37) 46 (39 - 53)
Arizona 473 (408 - 547) 45 (36 - 56) 134 (116 - 155) 294 (239 - 360) 428 (366 - 499)
Arkansas 229 (199 - 263) 26 (21 - 31) 70 (61 - 79) 134 (109 - 164) 204 (175 - 236)
California 2,859 (2,627 - 3,111) 259 (227 - 295) 876 (809 - 946) 1,725 (1,519 - 1,957) 2,601 (2,376 - 2,846)
Colorado 419 (363 - 482) 39 (32 - 47) 130 (113 - 149) 250 (203 - 307) 380 (326 - 441)
Connecticut 297 (256 - 343) 27 (22 - 34) 98   (86 - 112) 171 (137 - 213) 269 (230 - 314)
Delaware 60 (52 - 70) 5 (4 - 7) 19 (17 - 22) 35 (28 - 44) 54 (46 - 64)
District of Columbia 59 (51 - 68) 2 (2 - 3) 17 (15 - 19) 40 (33 - 48) 56 (49 - 65)
Florida 1,357 (1,240 - 1,486) 118 (104 - 133) 370 (342 - 400) 869 (763 - 989) 1,240 (1,126 - 1,365)
Georgia 624 (532 - 729) 57 (46 - 71) 187 (160 - 217) 380 (304 - 473) 567 (479 - 667)
Hawaii 87 (73 - 103) 7 (6 - 9) 25 (22 - 30) 54 (42 - 70) 80 (66 - 96)
Idaho 112 (97 - 129) 12 (10 - 15) 37 (32 - 42) 63 (50 - 78) 99 (85 - 115)
Illinois 948    (871 - 1,031) 85 (75 - 97) 324 (299 - 350) 539 (470 - 616) 863 (788 - 944)
Indiana 463 (401 - 534) 41 (33 - 50) 162 (143 - 184) 260 (209 - 323) 423 (363 - 491)
Iowa 247 (216 - 282) 24 (20 - 30) 82 (72 - 93) 141 (115 - 172) 223 (193 - 256)
Kansas 224 (195 - 257) 22 (18 - 27) 75 (65 - 85) 128 (104 - 156) 202 (174 - 233)
Kentucky 268 (229 - 313) 29 (24 - 35) 79 (68 - 92) 160 (127 - 201) 239 (202 - 283)
Louisiana 325 (278 - 380) 29 (24 - 36) 94 (80 - 109) 202 (162 - 251) 296 (251 - 349)
Maine 111   (96 - 128) 11   (9 - 13) 32 (28 - 37) 67 (55 - 83) 100   (85 - 116)
Maryland 378 (325 - 440) 36 (29 - 44) 117 (101 - 135) 225 (181 - 280) 343 (292 - 402)
Massachusetts 539 (468 - 619) 46 (37 - 56) 166 (146 - 187) 327 (266 - 400) 493 (425 - 571)
Michigan 822 (759 - 891) 68 (60 - 77) 273 (254 - 294) 481 (424 - 544) 754 (692 - 822)
Minnesota 454 (392 - 524) 41 (34 - 50) 143 (125 - 162) 271 (218 - 334) 413 (354 - 481)
Mississippi 190 (163 - 222) 18 (15 - 22) 61 (52 - 70) 112   (89 - 140) 172 (146 - 203)
Missouri 478 (414 - 550) 43 (35 - 52) 164 (145 - 185) 271 (218 - 335) 435 (374 - 505)
Montana 99   (86 - 112) 11   (9 - 13) 32 (28 - 36) 56 (46 - 69) 88   (76 - 101)
Nebraska 153 (133 - 175) 13 (11 - 16) 55 (49 - 62) 85   (69 - 104) 140 (121 - 161)
Nevada 191 (164 - 222) 18 (15 - 22) 54 (47 - 62) 119   (97 - 147) 173 (148 - 202)
New Hampshire 106   (91 - 122) 11   (9 - 13) 35 (31 - 40) 60 (48 - 74) 95   (81 - 111)
New Jersey 541 (460 - 636) 54 (43 - 66) 165 (142 - 191) 323 (255 - 407) 488 (410 - 579)
New Mexico 153 (132 - 177) 15 (12 - 19) 49 (43 - 56) 89   (72 - 110) 138 (118 - 161)
New York 1,401 (1,281 - 1,532) 126 (110 - 143) 448 (413 - 485) 828 (721 - 949) 1,276 (1,159 - 1,403)
North Carolina 604 (519 - 700) 56 (45 - 70) 171 (149 - 196) 376 (303 - 465) 547 (466 - 641)
North Dakota 56 (49 - 63) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (19 - 24) 30 (24 - 36) 51 (44 - 58)
Ohio 909 (835 - 989) 79 (70 - 90) 280 (261 - 301) 549 (482 - 624) 829 (758 - 908)
Oklahoma 256 (221 - 295) 24 (19 - 30) 83 (72 - 96) 149 (120 - 183) 232 (199 - 270)
Oregon 253 (218 - 294) 25 (20 - 31) 80 (68 - 92) 149 (119 - 184) 228 (194 - 267)
Pennsylvania 865 (789 - 947) 77 (68 - 87) 288 (267 - 311) 499 (431 - 578) 787 (714 - 868)
Rhode Island 98   (86 - 113) 8 (6 - 9) 33 (29 - 37) 58 (47 - 71) 91   (78 - 105)
South Carolina 315 (272 - 364) 28 (22 - 34) 89   (77 - 103) 198 (161 - 243) 287 (247 - 335)
South Dakota 70 (61 - 80) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (21 - 27) 40 (33 - 49) 64 (55 - 73)
Tennessee 433 (372 - 501) 39 (32 - 47) 142 (124 - 162) 252 (202 - 313) 394 (336 - 460)
Texas 1,689 (1,550 - 1,838) 152 (133 - 174) 531 (489 - 575) 1,006    (882 - 1,145) 1,537 (1,403 - 1,682)
Utah 174 (150 - 200) 17 (14 - 21) 68 (58 - 78) 88   (71 - 110) 156 (134 - 182)
Vermont 56 (49 - 64) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (17 - 22) 31 (25 - 39) 51 (44 - 59)
Virginia 516 (443 - 602) 47 (38 - 58) 162 (140 - 186) 308 (246 - 383) 470 (399 - 552)
Washington 500 (433 - 575) 46 (37 - 55) 152 (132 - 173) 303 (247 - 371) 455 (391 - 527)
West Virginia 123 (105 - 143) 11   (9 - 13) 40 (35 - 46) 71 (57 - 90) 112   (95 - 131)
Wisconsin 462 (403 - 528) 41 (34 - 50) 159 (140 - 180) 262 (213 - 322) 421 (364 - 485)
Wyoming 46 (40 - 53) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (14 - 18) 26 (21 - 32) 42 (36 - 48)
130319
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,227 (5,961 - 6,504) 1,097 (1,037 - 1,159) 2,448 (2,339 - 2,562) 2,682 (2,453 - 2,932) 5,130 (4,869 - 5,405)
Northeast 1,135 (1,050 - 1,227) 196 (178 - 215) 472 (435 - 511) 467 (400 - 546) 939    (860 - 1,027)
Midwest 1,318 (1,233 - 1,408) 231 (212 - 251) 528 (494 - 564) 559 (488 - 640) 1,087 (1,007 - 1,174)
South 2,267 (2,119 - 2,425) 399 (370 - 430) 855 (800 - 912) 1,014    (891 - 1,153) 1,868 (1,728 - 2,020)
West 1,507 (1,380 - 1,644) 271 (243 - 302) 594 (542 - 650) 642 (543 - 757) 1,236 (1,116 - 1,367)
Alabama 85   (68 - 105) 14 (11 - 19) 32 (25 - 41) 38 (27 - 55) 71 (56 - 90)
Alaska 16 (13 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 8   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 17)
Arizona 124 (101 - 152) 25 (19 - 33) 45 (35 - 58) 54 (38 - 76) 99   (78 - 125)
Arkansas 70 (57 - 85) 14 (11 - 19) 26 (21 - 33) 29 (20 - 41) 55 (44 - 69)
California 803 (703 - 917) 145 (122 - 172) 314 (271 - 363) 344 (269 - 440) 658 (564 - 767)
Colorado 110   (90 - 134) 20 (15 - 26) 47 (37 - 58) 43 (31 - 62) 90   (72 - 112)
Connecticut 82   (68 - 100) 16 (12 - 20) 37 (29 - 46) 29 (20 - 43) 66 (53 - 83)
Delaware 20 (16 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 9   (6 - 12) 17 (13 - 21)
District of Columbia 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 9   (6 - 12) 14 (11 - 18)
Florida 394 (346 - 451) 69 (59 - 80) 141 (123 - 162) 184 (145 - 234) 326 (280 - 380)
Georgia 198 (160 - 244) 33 (25 - 43) 75 (58 - 95) 90   (64 - 128) 165 (130 - 208)
Hawaii 25 (19 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (6 - 11) 13   (8 - 21) 21 (15 - 29)
Idaho 32 (27 - 39) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 18) 12   (8 - 17) 26 (21 - 32)
Illinois 257 (226 - 294) 45 (38 - 53) 100   (87 - 115) 112   (88 - 142) 212 (183 - 246)
Indiana 132 (109 - 159) 24 (18 - 31) 56 (45 - 69) 52 (37 - 73) 108   (88 - 133)
Iowa 49 (39 - 63) 9   (6 - 12) 19 (14 - 25) 22 (14 - 33) 41 (31 - 54)
Kansas 54 (44 - 65) 10   (8 - 13) 22 (17 - 28) 22 (15 - 30) 44 (35 - 54)
Kentucky 81   (65 - 101) 15 (11 - 19) 29 (22 - 37) 38 (26 - 54) 66 (51 - 85)
Louisiana 98   (80 - 121) 17 (13 - 22) 34 (27 - 44) 47 (33 - 66) 81   (64 - 103)
Maine 34 (28 - 42) 7 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 17) 14 (10 - 20) 28 (22 - 35)
Maryland 106   (85 - 131) 20 (15 - 26) 39 (30 - 49) 48 (33 - 68) 86   (67 - 110)
Massachusetts 142 (117 - 172) 26 (20 - 33) 61 (48 - 77) 55 (39 - 78) 116   (94 - 144)
Michigan 217 (192 - 246) 36 (31 - 43) 90   (78 - 103) 91   (71 - 116) 181 (157 - 208)
Minnesota 101   (82 - 123) 18 (14 - 24) 41 (33 - 52) 41 (29 - 59) 83   (66 - 104)
Mississippi 66 (53 - 82) 10   (8 - 13) 24 (19 - 31) 31 (22 - 44) 56 (44 - 70)
Missouri 119   (98 - 144) 20 (16 - 26) 47 (38 - 59) 51 (36 - 72) 98   (79 - 122)
Montana 23 (19 - 27) 5 (4 - 6) 9   (7 - 12) 9   (6 - 13) 18 (15 - 23)
Nebraska 31 (25 - 39) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 13   (9 - 19) 26 (20 - 33)
Nevada 47 (38 - 59) 9   (7 - 11) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (16 - 32) 39 (30 - 49)
New Hampshire 28 (23 - 34) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 10   (7 - 14) 22 (18 - 28)
New Jersey 140 (111 - 176) 27 (21 - 36) 54 (42 - 69) 58 (39 - 87) 113   (87 - 146)
New Mexico 39 (32 - 48) 8   (6 - 10) 16 (12 - 20) 16 (11 - 23) 32 (25 - 40)
New York 432 (379 - 493) 67 (56 - 79) 176 (153 - 202) 189 (148 - 243) 365 (315 - 424)
North Carolina 193 (156 - 238) 33 (25 - 42) 70 (55 - 89) 90   (63 - 127) 160 (127 - 203)
North Dakota 11   (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 12)
Ohio 233 (204 - 266) 40 (34 - 47) 88   (76 - 101) 105   (81 - 135) 193 (166 - 224)
Oklahoma 77 (62 - 96) 13 (10 - 18) 28 (22 - 36) 36 (25 - 51) 64 (50 - 82)
Oregon 75 (61 - 92) 13 (10 - 17) 30 (23 - 38) 32 (22 - 46) 62 (49 - 78)
Pennsylvania 231 (203 - 264) 41 (34 - 48) 96   (83 - 110) 95   (73 - 123) 191 (164 - 222)
Rhode Island 29 (24 - 36) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (12 - 18) 10   (7 - 15) 25 (20 - 31)
South Carolina 95   (78 - 116) 16 (12 - 20) 35 (27 - 44) 44 (32 - 61) 79 (64 - 99)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 17) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 8) 11   (9 - 14)
Tennessee 138 (114 - 167) 23 (17 - 29) 56 (45 - 70) 59 (42 - 83) 116   (93 - 142)
Texas 451 (394 - 516) 86   (72 - 102) 179 (154 - 209) 186 (146 - 238) 365 (313 - 427)
Utah 55 (46 - 67) 10   (7 - 13) 25 (20 - 31) 21 (15 - 29) 46 (37 - 57)
Vermont 16 (13 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (11 - 16)
Virginia 138 (112 - 171) 26 (20 - 34) 54 (42 - 69) 58 (40 - 83) 112   (88 - 142)
Washington 146 (120 - 178) 24 (18 - 31) 59 (47 - 75) 64 (45 - 89) 123   (98 - 153)
West Virginia 42 (34 - 51) 6 (5 - 8) 18 (15 - 22) 17 (12 - 25) 35 (28 - 44)
Wisconsin 101   (81 - 124) 19 (14 - 25) 41 (31 - 52) 41 (29 - 59) 82   (64 - 103)
Wyoming 11   (9 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11)
130319
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,884 (17,340 - 18,443) 1,325 (1,259 - 1,394) 5,557 (5,391 - 5,726) 11,003 (10,508 - 11,518) 16,560 (16,022 - 17,112)
Northeast 3,128 (2,951 - 3,318) 238 (218 - 259) 990    (939 - 1,044) 1,900 (1,740 - 2,075) 2,891 (2,718 - 3,077)
Midwest 4,286 (4,104 - 4,475) 318 (297 - 341) 1,437 (1,379 - 1,497) 2,531 (2,367 - 2,705) 3,968 (3,789 - 4,153)
South 6,122 (5,828 - 6,426) 436 (404 - 470) 1,786 (1,707 - 1,869) 3,900 (3,629 - 4,187) 5,686 (5,398 - 5,986)
West 4,348 (4,096 - 4,613) 333 (302 - 366) 1,343 (1,267 - 1,422) 2,672 (2,446 - 2,917) 4,015 (3,767 - 4,276)
Alabama 230 (188 - 279) 18 (14 - 24) 61 (51 - 73) 150 (116 - 195) 212 (172 - 260)
Alaska 38 (32 - 45) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 14) 22 (17 - 28) 34 (29 - 41)
Arizona 373 (313 - 443) 29 (22 - 37) 109   (93 - 127) 236 (186 - 297) 345 (287 - 412)
Arkansas 168 (142 - 199) 14 (11 - 18) 50 (42 - 58) 104   (82 - 132) 154 (129 - 184)
California 2,328 (2,123 - 2,551) 170 (145 - 199) 711 (650 - 775) 1,447 (1,263 - 1,657) 2,158 (1,957 - 2,378)
Colorado 331 (281 - 388) 26 (20 - 33) 104   (90 - 121) 201 (159 - 252) 305 (257 - 361)
Connecticut 232 (196 - 274) 17 (13 - 21) 73 (63 - 85) 141 (111 - 179) 215 (180 - 256)
Delaware 45 (37 - 53) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (12 - 17) 27 (21 - 35) 41 (34 - 50)
District of Columbia 45 (38 - 53) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (12 - 16) 30 (24 - 37) 44 (37 - 52)
Florida 1,088    (976 - 1,213) 70 (60 - 82) 287 (262 - 314) 731 (629 - 848) 1,018    (908 - 1,141)
Georgia 483 (401 - 581) 34 (26 - 44) 138 (117 - 162) 311 (241 - 400) 449 (369 - 545)
Hawaii 71 (59 - 86) 5 (3 - 6) 22 (18 - 26) 45 (35 - 59) 67 (54 - 81)
Idaho 93   (79 - 109) 9   (7 - 11) 31 (27 - 36) 53 (42 - 67) 84 (71 - 99)
Illinois 766 (693 - 846) 58 (50 - 68) 258 (236 - 281) 450 (387 - 522) 708 (637 - 786)
Indiana 377 (322 - 440) 27 (21 - 34) 126 (109 - 145) 224 (177 - 281) 350 (296 - 412)
Iowa 215 (184 - 249) 18 (15 - 23) 74 (64 - 86) 122   (98 - 153) 197 (167 - 230)
Kansas 181 (155 - 210) 16 (13 - 20) 63 (54 - 73) 102   (82 - 127) 165 (140 - 193)
Kentucky 211 (175 - 253) 19 (15 - 24) 64 (54 - 76) 128   (99 - 165) 192 (158 - 233)
Louisiana 248 (208 - 295) 16 (13 - 21) 72 (60 - 85) 160 (126 - 202) 231 (192 - 278)
Maine 81 (68 - 95) 6 (5 - 8) 23 (20 - 26) 51 (40 - 65) 74 (62 - 89)
Maryland 310 (262 - 366) 24 (19 - 30) 93   (79 - 109) 193 (153 - 243) 286 (239 - 341)
Massachusetts 421 (358 - 495) 28 (22 - 35) 132 (114 - 152) 261 (208 - 328) 394 (332 - 465)
Michigan 662 (603 - 726) 46 (39 - 53) 217 (200 - 235) 399 (346 - 459) 616 (559 - 679)
Minnesota 379 (323 - 441) 27 (22 - 35) 122 (106 - 140) 230 (183 - 287) 351 (297 - 413)
Mississippi 146 (120 - 176) 11   (9 - 14) 45 (38 - 54) 89   (69 - 116) 135 (110 - 164)
Missouri 398 (342 - 463) 30 (24 - 38) 135 (118 - 153) 233 (186 - 292) 368 (313 - 431)
Montana 81 (69 - 94) 8 (6 - 9) 27 (23 - 30) 46 (37 - 58) 73 (62 - 86)
Nebraska 132 (113 - 153) 10   (8 - 12) 47 (41 - 53) 75 (60 - 94) 122 (104 - 142)
Nevada 156 (133 - 182) 13 (10 - 16) 41 (35 - 48) 102   (83 - 126) 143 (121 - 169)
New Hampshire 85   (72 - 101) 7 (6 - 9) 28 (24 - 33) 50 (39 - 64) 78 (65 - 94)
New Jersey 432 (359 - 520) 39 (30 - 49) 127 (107 - 149) 267 (206 - 345) 393 (323 - 479)
New Mexico 121 (102 - 143) 11   (8 - 13) 38 (33 - 45) 72 (57 - 91) 110   (92 - 131)
New York 1,061    (951 - 1,183) 81 (69 - 95) 340 (309 - 373) 639 (542 - 753) 980    (872 - 1,100)
North Carolina 446 (370 - 537) 33 (26 - 43) 126 (107 - 147) 287 (222 - 370) 413 (339 - 501)
North Dakota 48 (42 - 56) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 22) 25 (20 - 32) 45 (38 - 52)
Ohio 694 (631 - 763) 51 (44 - 59) 224 (206 - 243) 420 (364 - 484) 644 (582 - 711)
Oklahoma 204 (170 - 243) 14 (11 - 19) 66 (56 - 78) 123 (96 - 158) 189 (157 - 227)
Oregon 204 (170 - 243) 17 (14 - 22) 64 (54 - 76) 122   (95 - 157) 187 (154 - 225)
Pennsylvania 699 (631 - 773) 52 (45 - 60) 228 (209 - 249) 418 (358 - 488) 647 (581 - 720)
Rhode Island 73 (62 - 86) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (20 - 27) 46 (36 - 57) 69 (58 - 82)
South Carolina 248 (210 - 294) 16 (13 - 21) 67 (56 - 79) 165 (132 - 206) 232 (195 - 277)
South Dakota 60 (52 - 70) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (18 - 24) 35 (28 - 44) 56 (48 - 66)
Tennessee 321 (269 - 381) 22 (17 - 29) 100   (86 - 117) 198 (154 - 253) 298 (248 - 358)
Texas 1,411 (1,275 - 1,560) 100   (86 - 118) 427 (389 - 469) 884    (762 - 1,023) 1,311 (1,177 - 1,458)
Utah 132 (111 - 157) 11   (8 - 14) 55 (46 - 65) 66 (51 - 87) 121 (101 - 146)
Vermont 45 (39 - 52) 3 (3 - 4) 16 (14 - 18) 26 (21 - 33) 42 (35 - 49)
Virginia 422 (354 - 503) 30 (23 - 39) 131 (113 - 152) 261 (203 - 334) 392 (326 - 471)
Washington 383 (324 - 452) 29 (23 - 37) 117   (99 - 137) 237 (188 - 298) 354 (297 - 421)
West Virginia 96   (80 - 114) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (26 - 35) 58 (45 - 75) 89   (73 - 106)
Wisconsin 375 (320 - 435) 27 (22 - 34) 132 (115 - 151) 215 (172 - 269) 347 (295 - 406)
Wyoming 37 (32 - 43) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (11 - 14) 22 (17 - 27) 34 (29 - 40)
130319
Table 23 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: The 2005-2006 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006 (2006 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,316 (13,774 - 14,881) 2,121 (2,035 - 2,211) 2,749 (2,640 - 2,862) 11,567 (11,041 - 12,119)
Northeast 2,659 (2,475 - 2,856) 365 (341 - 390) 485 (452 - 520) 2,174 (1,998 - 2,364)
Midwest 3,379 (3,207 - 3,559) 472 (447 - 499) 655 (620 - 691) 2,725 (2,560 - 2,898)
South 5,220 (4,944 - 5,512) 773 (732 - 816) 973    (921 - 1,028) 4,247 (3,982 - 4,530)
West 3,058 (2,840 - 3,292) 511 (474 - 552) 636 (589 - 688) 2,421 (2,214 - 2,648)
Alabama 217 (178 - 264) 29 (24 - 35) 40 (33 - 49) 177 (140 - 222)
Alaska 28 (23 - 34) 6 (5 - 7) 6 (5 - 7) 22 (18 - 28)
Arizona 282 (230 - 344) 45 (38 - 54) 52 (43 - 64) 230 (182 - 289)
Arkansas 158 (132 - 190) 20 (17 - 24) 30 (25 - 36) 128 (103 - 159)
California 1,448 (1,274 - 1,644) 268 (237 - 303) 310 (271 - 354) 1,138    (975 - 1,326)
Colorado 246 (205 - 295) 37 (31 - 44) 48 (40 - 58) 198 (160 - 245)
Connecticut 165 (135 - 203) 25 (21 - 30) 30 (25 - 36) 135 (107 - 171)
Delaware 45 (37 - 55) 6 (5 - 7) 8   (7 - 10) 37 (30 - 46)
District of Columbia 34 (28 - 41) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 28 (23 - 34)
Florida 809 (712 - 917) 123 (110 - 137) 138 (121 - 156) 671 (579 - 776)
Georgia 432 (354 - 524) 65 (55 - 78) 78 (64 - 95) 353 (282 - 442)
Hawaii 43 (34 - 54) 9   (7 - 11) 9   (7 - 11) 34 (26 - 45)
Idaho 75 (63 - 91) 12 (10 - 14) 17 (14 - 20) 59 (47 - 73)
Illinois 560 (492 - 637) 84 (75 - 95) 110   (96 - 124) 450 (387 - 524)
Indiana 342 (283 - 411) 44 (37 - 53) 66 (54 - 79) 276 (222 - 343)
Iowa 140 (116 - 170) 20 (17 - 24) 29 (24 - 35) 112   (89 - 139)
Kansas 140 (117 - 168) 20 (17 - 24) 30 (25 - 36) 110   (89 - 137)
Kentucky 242 (200 - 291) 32 (27 - 37) 38 (31 - 47) 204 (165 - 251)
Louisiana 210 (173 - 255) 32 (27 - 37) 44 (37 - 54) 166 (132 - 207)
Maine 77 (65 - 92) 10   (8 - 11) 13 (11 - 16) 64 (52 - 79)
Maryland 248 (204 - 300) 41 (34 - 49) 48 (39 - 58) 200 (160 - 250)
Massachusetts 358 (300 - 426) 42 (35 - 50) 67 (56 - 80) 291 (237 - 356)
Michigan 554 (496 - 617) 75 (67 - 84) 102   (91 - 114) 452 (397 - 513)
Minnesota 243 (201 - 293) 37 (31 - 44) 49 (40 - 60) 194 (156 - 241)
Mississippi 144 (119 - 174) 20 (17 - 24) 29 (23 - 35) 115   (92 - 144)
Missouri 332 (276 - 397) 45 (38 - 54) 62 (52 - 74) 269 (217 - 333)
Montana 52 (42 - 62) 7 (6 - 8) 10   (8 - 12) 41 (33 - 52)
Nebraska 90   (75 - 108) 13 (11 - 15) 17 (14 - 21) 73 (59 - 90)
Nevada 142 (117 - 172) 17 (14 - 21) 24 (20 - 30) 118   (94 - 147)
New Hampshire 74 (61 - 89) 11   (9 - 12) 13 (11 - 15) 61 (49 - 75)
New Jersey 401 (327 - 491) 60 (50 - 71) 67 (55 - 81) 334 (265 - 421)
New Mexico 90   (73 - 110) 15 (13 - 18) 19 (15 - 23) 71 (56 - 91)
New York 914    (809 - 1,033) 126 (111 - 142) 167 (147 - 190) 747 (647 - 861)
North Carolina 417 (341 - 507) 60 (50 - 72) 71 (58 - 86) 346 (275 - 433)
North Dakota 33 (28 - 39) 4 (4 - 5) 8   (7 - 10) 25 (21 - 31)
Ohio 618 (551 - 693) 81 (73 - 91) 117 (105 - 132) 501 (437 - 573)
Oklahoma 189 (156 - 227) 27 (22 - 32) 38 (31 - 46) 151 (121 - 187)
Oregon 193 (162 - 230) 25 (21 - 29) 38 (32 - 46) 155 (126 - 190)
Pennsylvania 564 (497 - 640) 80 (72 - 90) 108   (96 - 123) 456 (391 - 530)
Rhode Island 68 (57 - 81) 7 (6 - 9) 12 (10 - 15) 55 (45 - 68)
South Carolina 221 (183 - 266) 29 (24 - 34) 42 (34 - 50) 179 (144 - 223)
South Dakota 33 (26 - 40) 5 (4 - 6) 7 (6 - 9) 26 (20 - 33)
Tennessee 355 (293 - 428) 41 (34 - 48) 62 (51 - 74) 293 (236 - 364)
Texas 1,026    (907 - 1,160) 180 (160 - 201) 211 (186 - 239) 816 (705 - 943)
Utah 132 (111 - 157) 20 (16 - 23) 36 (30 - 43) 97   (78 - 119)
Vermont 37 (31 - 44) 5 (4 - 5) 8 (6 - 9) 30 (24 - 37)
Virginia 364 (299 - 442) 55 (46 - 65) 72 (60 - 87) 292 (232 - 366)
Washington 297 (244 - 361) 47 (40 - 56) 61 (49 - 74) 236 (187 - 297)
West Virginia 110   (90 - 133) 11 (10 - 14) 18 (15 - 22) 91   (73 - 114)
Wisconsin 294 (245 - 352) 42 (35 - 50) 58 (48 - 70) 236 (191 - 291)
Wyoming 28 (24 - 34) 4 (3 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 22 (18 - 27)

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