2007-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands) (50 States and the District of Columbia)

130117
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 20,007 (19,405 - 20,627) 2,364 (2,274 - 2,456) 6,483 (6,300 - 6,670) 11,161 (10,632 - 11,715) 17,643 (17,052 - 18,255)
Northeast 3,780 (3,567 - 4,009) 429 (403 - 458) 1,324 (1,256 - 1,396) 2,027 (1,827 - 2,247) 3,351 (3,142 - 3,575)
Midwest 4,228 (4,022 - 4,440) 523 (495 - 552) 1,406 (1,339 - 1,474) 2,300 (2,105 - 2,510) 3,705 (3,505 - 3,912)
South 6,596 (6,284 - 6,926) 805 (762 - 851) 2,096 (1,991 - 2,205) 3,694 (3,393 - 4,022) 5,790 (5,488 - 6,111)
West 5,403 (5,088 - 5,733) 606 (564 - 650) 1,657 (1,563 - 1,755) 3,140 (2,851 - 3,458) 4,797 (4,490 - 5,122)
Alabama 259 (215 - 310) 32 (26 - 38) 84 (70 - 99) 143 (109 - 187) 227 (185 - 277)
Alaska 64 (54 - 75) 7 (6 - 8) 19 (16 - 22) 38 (30 - 49) 57 (47 - 68)
Arizona 466 (392 - 553) 54 (45 - 65) 138 (116 - 162) 274 (214 - 351) 412 (341 - 497)
Arkansas 185 (156 - 220) 20 (16 - 24) 60 (51 - 70) 106   (82 - 136) 166 (137 - 199)
California 2,719 (2,473 - 2,985) 312 (278 - 348) 885 (812 - 962) 1,522 (1,306 - 1,772) 2,407 (2,167 - 2,669)
Colorado 470 (400 - 549) 47 (39 - 55) 140 (122 - 159) 284 (225 - 357) 423 (356 - 501)
Connecticut 240 (204 - 283) 29 (25 - 35) 80 (69 - 93) 131 (101 - 169) 211 (176 - 252)
Delaware 66 (55 - 78) 7 (6 - 8) 23 (20 - 27) 35 (27 - 46) 59 (49 - 71)
District of Columbia 61 (52 - 72) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (19 - 26) 35 (27 - 45) 57 (48 - 68)
Florida 1,193 (1,075 - 1,326) 124 (110 - 139) 336 (306 - 368) 733 (626 - 858) 1,069    (954 - 1,199)
Georgia 559 (464 - 671) 67 (55 - 81) 183 (154 - 216) 309 (233 - 407) 492 (401 - 602)
Hawaii 104   (86 - 127) 10   (8 - 12) 27 (23 - 32) 68 (51 - 88) 95   (77 - 117)
Idaho 97   (82 - 115) 13 (11 - 16) 30 (25 - 35) 55 (42 - 70) 84   (69 - 102)
Illinois 759 (688 - 836) 93   (83 - 104) 255 (233 - 280) 410 (348 - 483) 666 (597 - 742)
Indiana 456 (386 - 537) 59 (49 - 70) 140 (120 - 163) 258 (201 - 328) 398 (331 - 476)
Iowa 101   (81 - 125) 17 (14 - 22) 34 (27 - 43) 50 (35 - 70) 84   (65 - 107)
Kansas 153 (125 - 186) 21 (17 - 25) 51 (41 - 62) 82   (61 - 109) 133 (106 - 165)
Kentucky 294 (247 - 351) 31 (26 - 37) 87   (74 - 101) 176 (137 - 226) 263 (217 - 319)
Louisiana 252 (210 - 300) 31 (26 - 38) 88   (74 - 104) 132 (101 - 173) 220 (181 - 267)
Maine 103   (87 - 121) 12 (10 - 14) 31 (27 - 35) 60 (47 - 77) 91   (76 - 109)
Maryland 339 (283 - 407) 43 (35 - 52) 116   (99 - 137) 180 (136 - 238) 297 (243 - 362)
Massachusetts 487 (414 - 571) 53 (44 - 63) 181 (156 - 208) 253 (196 - 327) 434 (364 - 516)
Michigan 747 (684 - 817) 90   (81 - 100) 249 (230 - 269) 409 (353 - 473) 658 (596 - 725)
Minnesota 357 (300 - 422) 40 (33 - 48) 130 (111 - 150) 187 (143 - 244) 317 (263 - 380)
Mississippi 151 (125 - 180) 19 (15 - 23) 50 (42 - 60) 82   (62 - 107) 132 (108 - 160)
Missouri 360 (301 - 428) 43 (36 - 52) 117   (98 - 137) 200 (154 - 259) 317 (260 - 383)
Montana 80 (69 - 94) 9   (7 - 10) 26 (23 - 30) 45 (35 - 58) 72 (60 - 85)
Nebraska 94   (78 - 111) 13 (11 - 16) 34 (28 - 41) 46 (35 - 61) 81 (66 - 98)
Nevada 197 (164 - 237) 24 (20 - 29) 51 (43 - 61) 122   (94 - 158) 173 (141 - 212)
New Hampshire 119 (102 - 139) 13 (11 - 15) 39 (34 - 44) 68 (54 - 85) 107   (90 - 126)
New Jersey 464 (385 - 558) 59 (49 - 71) 162 (137 - 190) 243 (181 - 325) 405 (330 - 497)
New Mexico 140 (117 - 167) 20 (16 - 24) 45 (38 - 54) 75 (57 - 99) 121   (99 - 146)
New York 1,465 (1,333 - 1,608) 156 (139 - 175) 524 (482 - 569) 784 (669 - 918) 1,309 (1,180 - 1,450)
North Carolina 576 (485 - 682) 72 (60 - 86) 180 (152 - 212) 324 (252 - 414) 503 (417 - 607)
North Dakota 32 (26 - 38) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 15) 15 (11 - 21) 28 (22 - 34)
Ohio 722 (660 - 791) 92   (83 - 103) 237 (217 - 258) 393 (337 - 458) 630 (569 - 698)
Oklahoma 237 (197 - 283) 28 (23 - 34) 73 (60 - 87) 136 (104 - 176) 208 (170 - 254)
Oregon 385 (329 - 450) 36 (30 - 43) 100   (88 - 113) 250 (200 - 310) 349 (295 - 412)
Pennsylvania 722 (647 - 805) 91   (81 - 103) 245 (222 - 270) 385 (321 - 461) 630 (558 - 712)
Rhode Island 119 (103 - 137) 10   (9 - 12) 42 (37 - 47) 67 (53 - 83) 108   (93 - 126)
South Carolina 244 (203 - 291) 31 (26 - 38) 75 (62 - 89) 138 (105 - 179) 212 (174 - 259)
South Dakota 41 (34 - 49) 6 (5 - 7) 15 (12 - 18) 21 (15 - 28) 35 (29 - 43)
Tennessee 423 (355 - 501) 44 (36 - 53) 126 (107 - 146) 254 (198 - 324) 379 (314 - 455)
Texas 1,194 (1,074 - 1,325) 182 (161 - 206) 403 (362 - 447) 609 (508 - 730) 1,012    (897 - 1,139)
Utah 130 (108 - 157) 21 (17 - 25) 48 (39 - 59) 61 (45 - 83) 110   (88 - 135)
Vermont 62 (53 - 72) 6 (5 - 8) 21 (19 - 23) 35 (27 - 44) 56 (47 - 65)
Virginia 460 (386 - 546) 58 (49 - 69) 161 (134 - 190) 241 (185 - 312) 401 (331 - 486)
Washington 519 (437 - 616) 50 (42 - 61) 139 (119 - 161) 330 (259 - 419) 469 (388 - 564)
West Virginia 105   (88 - 125) 12 (10 - 14) 31 (26 - 37) 62 (48 - 79) 93   (76 - 112)
Wisconsin 407 (343 - 480) 46 (38 - 55) 133 (115 - 153) 228 (177 - 293) 361 (300 - 432)
Wyoming 30 (25 - 35) 4 (4 - 5) 10   (9 - 12) 15 (11 - 20) 25 (21 - 31)
130117
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 25,514 (24,835 - 26,208) 3,208 (3,107 - 3,312) 9,081 (8,864 - 9,301) 13,225 (12,652 - 13,821) 22,306 (21,638 - 22,992)
Northeast 4,957 (4,719 - 5,208) 596 (563 - 631) 1,876 (1,803 - 1,950) 2,485 (2,270 - 2,719) 4,361 (4,130 - 4,606)
Midwest 5,549 (5,325 - 5,775) 705 (672 - 740) 2,037 (1,968 - 2,107) 2,807 (2,608 - 3,018) 4,843 (4,627 - 5,063)
South 8,377 (8,038 - 8,732) 1,079 (1,026 - 1,134) 2,842 (2,736 - 2,951) 4,456 (4,148 - 4,786) 7,298 (6,974 - 7,640)
West 6,632 (6,287 - 6,991) 828 (776 - 882) 2,327 (2,229 - 2,427) 3,477 (3,165 - 3,817) 5,804 (5,471 - 6,153)
Alabama 308 (262 - 361) 42 (35 - 49) 103   (89 - 120) 163 (127 - 208) 267 (223 - 318)
Alaska 81 (70 - 93) 9   (8 - 11) 25 (22 - 29) 46 (37 - 57) 71 (61 - 83)
Arizona 536 (461 - 623) 73 (62 - 87) 188 (163 - 215) 275 (216 - 348) 463 (392 - 545)
Arkansas 247 (214 - 285) 27 (22 - 32) 81 (71 - 91) 140 (112 - 173) 220 (188 - 257)
California 3,461 (3,194 - 3,747) 425 (383 - 471) 1,254 (1,174 - 1,337) 1,782 (1,547 - 2,049) 3,036 (2,778 - 3,314)
Colorado 549 (475 - 630) 64 (55 - 75) 185 (165 - 206) 299 (239 - 373) 484 (414 - 563)
Connecticut 332 (289 - 381) 40 (33 - 47) 123 (110 - 137) 169 (134 - 213) 292 (251 - 339)
Delaware 84 (72 - 97) 10   (8 - 12) 32 (28 - 35) 43 (33 - 55) 74 (63 - 87)
District of Columbia 79 (69 - 90) 5 (4 - 6) 31 (28 - 35) 43 (35 - 52) 74 (64 - 84)
Florida 1,481 (1,357 - 1,617) 169 (151 - 188) 463 (429 - 499) 849 (736 - 978) 1,312 (1,191 - 1,445)
Georgia 788 (674 - 921) 100   (83 - 119) 248 (216 - 284) 440 (346 - 557) 689 (580 - 816)
Hawaii 109   (93 - 129) 13 (11 - 16) 38 (33 - 43) 59 (45 - 76) 96   (81 - 116)
Idaho 113   (98 - 131) 17 (14 - 20) 41 (36 - 47) 55 (43 - 71) 97   (82 - 114)
Illinois 1,037    (952 - 1,128) 127 (115 - 141) 376 (350 - 404) 533 (460 - 616) 909 (828 - 998)
Indiana 536 (461 - 621) 71 (60 - 83) 186 (163 - 211) 279 (219 - 355) 465 (394 - 548)
Iowa 155 (129 - 185) 24 (19 - 29) 61 (52 - 72) 70 (51 - 96) 132 (107 - 161)
Kansas 203 (172 - 238) 27 (23 - 33) 81 (69 - 94) 95   (72 - 124) 175 (146 - 210)
Kentucky 343 (293 - 402) 43 (36 - 51) 109   (95 - 124) 191 (151 - 241) 300 (253 - 357)
Louisiana 319 (272 - 373) 40 (33 - 48) 118 (102 - 135) 162 (125 - 208) 279 (235 - 331)
Maine 137 (119 - 157) 16 (14 - 19) 46 (41 - 50) 75 (60 - 94) 121 (104 - 140)
Maryland 494 (423 - 577) 61 (51 - 72) 176 (154 - 199) 258 (201 - 329) 433 (365 - 513)
Massachusetts 668 (581 - 765) 78 (66 - 91) 261 (233 - 291) 329 (259 - 415) 590 (507 - 685)
Michigan 964    (897 - 1,036) 118 (108 - 130) 349 (329 - 370) 497 (437 - 564) 846 (781 - 916)
Minnesota 489 (420 - 566) 53 (45 - 63) 191 (170 - 214) 245 (190 - 314) 436 (370 - 511)
Mississippi 170 (143 - 201) 23 (19 - 28) 63 (54 - 73) 84   (64 - 111) 147 (121 - 176)
Missouri 461 (397 - 533) 60 (51 - 71) 159 (140 - 181) 242 (191 - 305) 401 (340 - 470)
Montana 100   (87 - 113) 13 (11 - 15) 37 (33 - 41) 50 (40 - 62) 87   (75 - 100)
Nebraska 128 (108 - 150) 17 (14 - 20) 50 (43 - 57) 61 (47 - 80) 111   (92 - 132)
Nevada 226 (191 - 268) 32 (27 - 38) 67 (58 - 77) 128   (98 - 165) 194 (161 - 234)
New Hampshire 161 (141 - 183) 19 (16 - 22) 55 (50 - 60) 87   (70 - 108) 142 (124 - 164)
New Jersey 604 (510 - 714) 75 (62 - 89) 230 (202 - 261) 299 (224 - 398) 529 (441 - 635)
New Mexico 166 (142 - 192) 26 (22 - 31) 64 (56 - 73) 76 (58 - 98) 140 (117 - 165)
New York 1,880 (1,733 - 2,037) 222 (202 - 244) 717 (672 - 764) 940    (811 - 1,087) 1,657 (1,515 - 1,812)
North Carolina 756 (648 - 880) 97   (82 - 115) 252 (219 - 287) 407 (321 - 514) 659 (557 - 777)
North Dakota 46 (39 - 53) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 25) 19 (14 - 25) 40 (34 - 47)
Ohio 975    (901 - 1,055) 132 (121 - 145) 348 (326 - 371) 494 (430 - 567) 842 (771 - 920)
Oklahoma 247 (207 - 294) 34 (28 - 42) 84 (70 - 99) 129   (99 - 169) 213 (176 - 258)
Oregon 443 (387 - 506) 49 (42 - 57) 142 (128 - 156) 253 (205 - 311) 394 (340 - 455)
Pennsylvania 951    (869 - 1,041) 123 (110 - 137) 357 (330 - 384) 472 (401 - 554) 828 (749 - 916)
Rhode Island 140 (124 - 158) 15 (13 - 17) 56 (50 - 61) 70 (56 - 86) 126 (110 - 143)
South Carolina 313 (265 - 368) 41 (34 - 49) 109   (94 - 125) 163 (126 - 211) 272 (227 - 326)
South Dakota 54 (46 - 63) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 26) 24 (18 - 31) 47 (39 - 55)
Tennessee 516 (443 - 598) 59 (49 - 69) 161 (142 - 183) 296 (236 - 370) 458 (388 - 536)
Texas 1,475 (1,346 - 1,615) 232 (208 - 258) 545 (502 - 590) 698 (590 - 824) 1,243 (1,121 - 1,378)
Utah 145 (122 - 172) 24 (20 - 30) 63 (52 - 75) 58 (43 - 79) 121 (100 - 146)
Vermont 83 (73 - 93) 9   (8 - 10) 30 (28 - 33) 44 (36 - 54) 74 (65 - 84)
Virginia 622 (534 - 724) 81 (68 - 96) 226 (197 - 256) 316 (247 - 403) 542 (458 - 639)
Washington 659 (568 - 762) 75 (63 - 88) 207 (184 - 232) 376 (300 - 470) 584 (497 - 684)
West Virginia 134 (114 - 157) 17 (14 - 20) 43 (37 - 49) 74 (58 - 95) 117   (98 - 139)
Wisconsin 502 (433 - 579) 63 (53 - 74) 191 (170 - 213) 248 (193 - 318) 439 (374 - 513)
Wyoming 43 (37 - 49) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (14 - 18) 20 (16 - 26) 36 (31 - 43)
130117
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,869 (14,360 - 15,395) 1,680 (1,607 - 1,757) 5,426 (5,254 - 5,602) 7,763 (7,326 - 8,225) 13,189 (12,687 - 13,709)
Northeast 2,939 (2,762 - 3,129) 329 (305 - 355) 1,168 (1,101 - 1,238) 1,442 (1,285 - 1,618) 2,610 (2,438 - 2,797)
Midwest 3,240 (3,074 - 3,411) 378 (354 - 404) 1,188 (1,125 - 1,254) 1,674 (1,526 - 1,835) 2,862 (2,701 - 3,029)
South 4,761 (4,508 - 5,030) 546 (510 - 585) 1,695 (1,601 - 1,793) 2,520 (2,287 - 2,775) 4,215 (3,970 - 4,476)
West 3,929 (3,665 - 4,210) 427 (390 - 467) 1,375 (1,289 - 1,465) 2,127 (1,891 - 2,393) 3,502 (3,246 - 3,775)
Alabama 175 (142 - 215) 20 (16 - 26) 65 (53 - 78) 90   (65 - 124) 155 (124 - 193)
Alaska 49 (41 - 60) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (13 - 18) 29 (22 - 38) 44 (36 - 54)
Arizona 301 (244 - 370) 35 (28 - 45) 108   (88 - 132) 157 (115 - 215) 266 (212 - 332)
Arkansas 128 (105 - 155) 13 (11 - 17) 46 (37 - 55) 69 (51 - 93) 115   (93 - 142)
California 1,994 (1,791 - 2,217) 221 (192 - 253) 736 (668 - 809) 1,037    (861 - 1,247) 1,773 (1,577 - 1,991)
Colorado 369 (308 - 440) 35 (28 - 44) 122 (104 - 142) 212 (162 - 276) 334 (275 - 403)
Connecticut 189 (159 - 224) 23 (18 - 28) 71 (60 - 83) 96   (72 - 126) 166 (138 - 200)
Delaware 51 (42 - 62) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (17 - 24) 26 (19 - 35) 46 (38 - 56)
District of Columbia 49 (41 - 58) 3 (2 - 3) 20 (17 - 23) 26 (20 - 34) 46 (38 - 55)
Florida 859 (762 - 970) 90   (77 - 104) 278 (249 - 308) 492 (405 - 595) 769 (674 - 879)
Georgia 419 (340 - 515) 45 (35 - 56) 147 (122 - 177) 227 (165 - 311) 374 (300 - 466)
Hawaii 70 (57 - 87) 7 (5 - 9) 22 (18 - 27) 41 (30 - 57) 63 (50 - 80)
Idaho 70 (57 - 84) 9   (8 - 12) 24 (19 - 29) 36 (27 - 49) 60 (49 - 74)
Illinois 573 (511 - 641) 67 (58 - 77) 210 (189 - 233) 296 (244 - 358) 506 (446 - 572)
Indiana 325 (271 - 389) 41 (33 - 50) 114   (96 - 135) 170 (128 - 226) 284 (233 - 347)
Iowa 82   (64 - 103) 13 (10 - 16) 29 (23 - 38) 40 (27 - 58) 69 (53 - 90)
Kansas 115   (93 - 143) 15 (12 - 18) 43 (35 - 53) 58 (41 - 80) 101   (80 - 127)
Kentucky 198 (164 - 241) 22 (17 - 27) 68 (56 - 82) 109   (81 - 145) 176 (144 - 217)
Louisiana 177 (144 - 217) 19 (15 - 25) 70 (57 - 85) 88   (63 - 121) 158 (126 - 197)
Maine 92   (77 - 109) 9   (8 - 11) 29 (25 - 34) 53 (41 - 69) 83 (68 - 99)
Maryland 251 (205 - 307) 30 (23 - 37) 99   (82 - 119) 123   (88 - 171) 222 (178 - 275)
Massachusetts 386 (322 - 463) 41 (33 - 51) 161 (137 - 189) 184 (134 - 250) 345 (283 - 419)
Michigan 586 (531 - 648) 64 (56 - 72) 209 (191 - 227) 314 (266 - 370) 522 (469 - 582)
Minnesota 307 (254 - 369) 28 (23 - 36) 121 (102 - 141) 158 (116 - 214) 279 (228 - 339)
Mississippi 104   (83 - 128) 11   (9 - 15) 38 (30 - 47) 54 (39 - 75) 92   (73 - 116)
Missouri 263 (215 - 319) 31 (24 - 39) 95   (79 - 114) 137 (100 - 185) 232 (187 - 286)
Montana 67 (56 - 80) 7 (6 - 8) 24 (21 - 28) 36 (27 - 48) 60 (50 - 73)
Nebraska 72 (58 - 88) 9   (7 - 12) 28 (23 - 34) 34 (25 - 47) 63 (50 - 78)
Nevada 131 (105 - 162) 16 (13 - 20) 39 (32 - 48) 75   (55 - 103) 115   (91 - 145)
New Hampshire 101   (86 - 117) 10   (8 - 13) 35 (30 - 40) 55 (43 - 70) 90   (76 - 107)
New Jersey 350 (285 - 430) 41 (32 - 51) 137 (113 - 165) 172 (123 - 241) 309 (247 - 387)
New Mexico 99   (81 - 120) 14 (11 - 17) 37 (31 - 45) 48 (35 - 66) 85   (68 - 106)
New York 1,130 (1,023 - 1,248) 122 (107 - 139) 473 (432 - 517) 535 (443 - 646) 1,008    (904 - 1,124)
North Carolina 448 (369 - 542) 50 (41 - 62) 153 (127 - 184) 244 (182 - 325) 397 (322 - 489)
North Dakota 27 (22 - 33) 3 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 14 (10 - 19) 24 (19 - 30)
Ohio 557 (501 - 621) 71 (63 - 81) 204 (186 - 224) 282 (234 - 340) 486 (432 - 548)
Oklahoma 141 (112 - 177) 18 (14 - 23) 47 (37 - 60) 76   (55 - 106) 123   (96 - 157)
Oregon 269 (223 - 323) 24 (19 - 30) 84 (72 - 97) 161 (122 - 211) 245 (201 - 297)
Pennsylvania 540 (481 - 606) 69 (60 - 79) 203 (182 - 226) 267 (218 - 328) 471 (414 - 535)
Rhode Island 97   (83 - 113) 8   (6 - 10) 38 (33 - 44) 51 (39 - 65) 89   (76 - 104)
South Carolina 181 (147 - 223) 20 (15 - 25) 62 (51 - 77) 99   (73 - 135) 162 (129 - 203)
South Dakota 34 (28 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 16) 17 (12 - 24) 30 (24 - 38)
Tennessee 298 (245 - 361) 30 (24 - 38) 104   (87 - 124) 164 (123 - 218) 268 (217 - 328)
Texas 844 (747 - 953) 121 (105 - 140) 316 (281 - 355) 407 (328 - 506) 723 (631 - 828)
Utah 89   (71 - 111) 13 (10 - 16) 37 (28 - 47) 40 (29 - 56) 77 (60 - 97)
Vermont 54 (46 - 64) 5 (4 - 7) 20 (18 - 23) 29 (22 - 37) 49 (41 - 58)
Virginia 364 (301 - 439) 41 (33 - 51) 136 (112 - 163) 187 (138 - 250) 322 (262 - 395)
Washington 396 (327 - 479) 38 (30 - 47) 117   (99 - 137) 242 (182 - 320) 358 (291 - 440)
West Virginia 74 (60 - 91) 8   (7 - 10) 25 (21 - 31) 40 (29 - 54) 65 (52 - 82)
Wisconsin 299 (249 - 358) 33 (27 - 41) 111   (94 - 130) 155 (117 - 206) 266 (218 - 323)
Wyoming 24 (20 - 29) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 12   (9 - 17) 21 (17 - 26)
130117
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 93,713 (92,346 - 95,089) 8,499 (8,339 - 8,661) 7,777 (7,580 - 7,979) 77,436 (76,111 - 78,769) 85,214 (83,863 - 86,573)
Northeast 16,136 (15,676 - 16,596) 1,373 (1,323 - 1,424) 1,204 (1,146 - 1,264) 13,559 (13,118 - 14,001) 14,763 (14,311 - 15,216)
Midwest 19,952 (19,540 - 20,370) 1,946 (1,895 - 1,997) 1,591 (1,533 - 1,651) 16,415 (16,017 - 16,816) 18,006 (17,602 - 18,416)
South 37,573 (36,865 - 38,291) 3,302 (3,220 - 3,385) 3,120 (3,018 - 3,224) 31,151 (30,475 - 31,837) 34,271 (33,574 - 34,977)
West 20,052 (19,457 - 20,652) 1,879 (1,807 - 1,952) 1,862 (1,775 - 1,951) 16,312 (15,736 - 16,892) 18,173 (17,590 - 18,762)
Alabama 1,695 (1,575 - 1,817) 156 (142 - 171) 141 (126 - 157) 1,398 (1,284 - 1,512) 1,539 (1,422 - 1,657)
Alaska 162 (146 - 178) 18 (16 - 21) 14 (12 - 16) 130 (115 - 145) 143 (128 - 160)
Arizona 1,984 (1,825 - 2,148) 186 (165 - 207) 187 (164 - 213) 1,611 (1,465 - 1,762) 1,799 (1,646 - 1,955)
Arkansas 947    (876 - 1,020) 90 (82 - 98) 74 (65 - 83) 783 (716 - 852) 857 (788 - 928)
California 10,866 (10,376 - 11,365) 992    (932 - 1,053) 1,044    (973 - 1,118) 8,831 (8,359 - 9,311) 9,874   (9,394 - 10,364)
Colorado 1,135 (1,031 - 1,246) 100   (88 - 113) 84 (71 - 99) 951    (852 - 1,055) 1,035    (934 - 1,142)
Connecticut 1,049    (964 - 1,137) 87 (77 - 99) 72 (62 - 83) 890 (809 - 973) 962    (879 - 1,048)
Delaware 266 (244 - 289) 24 (21 - 26) 19 (17 - 22) 223 (202 - 245) 242 (221 - 265)
District of Columbia 156 (141 - 172) 10   (9 - 12) 15 (13 - 18) 131 (116 - 146) 146 (131 - 162)
Florida 6,525 (6,259 - 6,792) 482 (455 - 509) 463 (431 - 496) 5,579 (5,322 - 5,839) 6,043 (5,780 - 6,306)
Georgia 2,898 (2,665 - 3,139) 268 (239 - 299) 242 (211 - 276) 2,388 (2,172 - 2,610) 2,630 (2,406 - 2,861)
Hawaii 385 (348 - 423) 29 (25 - 33) 30 (26 - 34) 326 (292 - 362) 356 (321 - 393)
Idaho 449 (417 - 483) 49 (44 - 54) 40 (35 - 45) 361 (331 - 392) 401 (370 - 433)
Illinois 4,041 (3,868 - 4,216) 380 (359 - 401) 339 (314 - 364) 3,322 (3,154 - 3,493) 3,661 (3,491 - 3,833)
Indiana 1,981 (1,829 - 2,138) 193 (174 - 213) 155 (136 - 176) 1,633 (1,490 - 1,780) 1,788 (1,641 - 1,940)
Iowa 948    (878 - 1,020) 98   (90 - 107) 84 (75 - 95) 765 (699 - 832) 849 (782 - 920)
Kansas 870 (802 - 940) 89 (80 - 98) 76 (66 - 87) 705 (643 - 769) 781 (716 - 848)
Kentucky 1,509 (1,398 - 1,619) 135 (123 - 148) 111   (98 - 125) 1,263 (1,159 - 1,368) 1,374 (1,267 - 1,481)
Louisiana 1,541 (1,429 - 1,656) 143 (129 - 158) 151 (135 - 168) 1,247 (1,143 - 1,353) 1,398 (1,290 - 1,508)
Maine 335 (300 - 371) 30 (26 - 33) 19 (16 - 22) 286 (254 - 321) 305 (272 - 340)
Maryland 1,667 (1,526 - 1,813) 154 (137 - 172) 125 (108 - 144) 1,388 (1,256 - 1,525) 1,513 (1,377 - 1,654)
Massachusetts 1,506 (1,359 - 1,664) 140 (124 - 158) 115   (97 - 136) 1,251 (1,112 - 1,398) 1,366 (1,223 - 1,519)
Michigan 2,861 (2,729 - 2,996) 284 (268 - 301) 213 (197 - 230) 2,365 (2,238 - 2,495) 2,578 (2,448 - 2,710)
Minnesota 1,316 (1,193 - 1,447) 138 (123 - 153) 102   (87 - 119) 1,076    (962 - 1,197) 1,178 (1,060 - 1,304)
Mississippi 1,151 (1,079 - 1,224) 114 (105 - 124) 103   (92 - 115) 934    (866 - 1,001) 1,037    (968 - 1,107)
Missouri 1,782 (1,645 - 1,925) 178 (159 - 197) 141 (124 - 161) 1,463 (1,336 - 1,595) 1,605 (1,473 - 1,742)
Montana 256 (234 - 280) 25 (22 - 27) 19 (16 - 22) 213 (193 - 235) 232 (211 - 254)
Nebraska 588 (544 - 633) 59 (53 - 64) 49 (42 - 56) 480 (440 - 521) 529 (487 - 573)
Nevada 762 (695 - 832) 67 (59 - 75) 58 (50 - 66) 638 (575 - 703) 695 (630 - 763)
New Hampshire 286 (256 - 319) 26 (23 - 30) 16 (13 - 19) 245 (216 - 275) 260 (231 - 292)
New Jersey 2,840 (2,602 - 3,084) 250 (226 - 275) 189 (165 - 216) 2,400 (2,175 - 2,632) 2,590 (2,359 - 2,827)
New Mexico 644 (595 - 695) 54 (48 - 60) 57 (50 - 65) 533 (487 - 580) 590 (543 - 639)
New York 5,861 (5,577 - 6,149) 472 (441 - 504) 486 (447 - 526) 4,903 (4,633 - 5,179) 5,389 (5,111 - 5,672)
North Carolina 2,863 (2,638 - 3,094) 250 (227 - 275) 233 (203 - 264) 2,380 (2,168 - 2,598) 2,613 (2,394 - 2,838)
North Dakota 199 (184 - 215) 19 (17 - 21) 20 (18 - 23) 160 (146 - 174) 180 (166 - 196)
Ohio 3,491 (3,333 - 3,652) 328 (311 - 346) 265 (246 - 284) 2,898 (2,745 - 3,054) 3,163 (3,007 - 3,322)
Oklahoma 1,249 (1,155 - 1,345) 119 (107 - 132) 110   (96 - 125) 1,020    (934 - 1,108) 1,130 (1,040 - 1,222)
Oregon 897 (805 - 995) 82 (72 - 93) 66 (57 - 77) 748 (662 - 840) 814 (726 - 909)
Pennsylvania 3,822 (3,642 - 4,004) 332 (312 - 352) 278 (256 - 303) 3,212 (3,040 - 3,387) 3,490 (3,313 - 3,670)
Rhode Island 288 (263 - 315) 25 (22 - 28) 20 (17 - 24) 243 (219 - 268) 264 (239 - 289)
South Carolina 1,481 (1,373 - 1,591) 129 (117 - 142) 121 (106 - 136) 1,231 (1,130 - 1,333) 1,352 (1,247 - 1,458)
South Dakota 247 (228 - 267) 24 (22 - 27) 21 (19 - 24) 202 (184 - 220) 223 (204 - 242)
Tennessee 2,179 (2,033 - 2,331) 196 (178 - 214) 158 (140 - 179) 1,825 (1,686 - 1,965) 1,983 (1,841 - 2,130)
Texas 8,547 (8,240 - 8,855) 782 (740 - 825) 825 (775 - 877) 6,939 (6,646 - 7,232) 7,764 (7,466 - 8,064)
Utah 852 (791 - 915) 110 (101 - 120) 118 (104 - 133) 623 (569 - 679) 742 (683 - 802)
Vermont 149 (133 - 165) 12 (10 - 14) 9   (7 - 10) 128 (114 - 144) 137 (122 - 153)
Virginia 2,229 (2,037 - 2,429) 197 (176 - 219) 185 (160 - 212) 1,847 (1,667 - 2,035) 2,032 (1,846 - 2,226)
Washington 1,500 (1,357 - 1,651) 152 (134 - 170) 133 (115 - 152) 1,216 (1,083 - 1,358) 1,348 (1,212 - 1,494)
West Virginia 671 (622 - 721) 52 (47 - 57) 44 (38 - 50) 575 (529 - 622) 619 (571 - 667)
Wisconsin 1,627 (1,486 - 1,776) 156 (139 - 174) 126 (110 - 144) 1,345 (1,213 - 1,482) 1,471 (1,336 - 1,614)
Wyoming 160 (147 - 174) 16 (15 - 18) 13 (11 - 15) 131 (119 - 144) 144 (131 - 158)
130117
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 2,484 (2,393 - 2,579) 1,218 (1,172 - 1,265) 1,130 (1,072 - 1,190) 137 (104 - 181) 1,267 (1,190 - 1,349)
Northeast 454 (426 - 483) 223 (209 - 238) 207 (189 - 225) 24 (16 - 36) 231 (210 - 254)
Midwest 561 (532 - 589) 275 (261 - 291) 256 (238 - 275) 29 (20 - 43) 285 (263 - 309)
South 853 (808 - 900) 424 (401 - 448) 379 (353 - 407) 49 (34 - 72) 429 (393 - 467)
West 617 (576 - 662) 295 (273 - 319) 288 (262 - 316) 34 (22 - 53) 322 (290 - 358)
Alabama 33 (28 - 40) 16 (13 - 20) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 4) 17 (13 - 22)
Alaska 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4)
Arizona 50 (42 - 60) 25 (21 - 31) 22 (17 - 28) 3 (1 - 5) 25 (19 - 32)
Arkansas 20 (17 - 23) 10   (8 - 12) 9   (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 12)
California 346 (312 - 384) 157 (139 - 177) 170 (148 - 195) 19 (10 - 34) 189 (163 - 218)
Colorado 42 (35 - 49) 22 (18 - 26) 18 (14 - 22) 2 (1 - 4) 20 (16 - 25)
Connecticut 30 (26 - 35) 17 (14 - 20) 12   (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 17)
Delaware 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
District of Columbia 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 4)
Florida 130 (117 - 144) 64 (57 - 73) 58 (50 - 67) 7   (4 - 13) 66 (56 - 76)
Georgia 76 (64 - 90) 37 (30 - 45) 34 (27 - 43) 5   (3 - 10) 39 (31 - 49)
Hawaii 9   (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Idaho 12 (10 - 14) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7)
Illinois 107   (98 - 118) 52 (47 - 59) 50 (43 - 57) 5 (3 - 9) 55 (48 - 63)
Indiana 55 (48 - 65) 27 (22 - 32) 26 (21 - 32) 3 (1 - 5) 29 (23 - 35)
Iowa 23 (19 - 27) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (9 - 14) 1 (0 - 2) 12 (10 - 15)
Kansas 23 (20 - 28) 11   (9 - 14) 11   (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15)
Kentucky 35 (30 - 42) 19 (16 - 23) 14 (11 - 18) 2 (1 - 4) 17 (13 - 21)
Louisiana 35 (30 - 42) 17 (13 - 20) 17 (13 - 21) 2 (1 - 4) 19 (15 - 23)
Maine 11   (9 - 12) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Maryland 53 (45 - 63) 26 (21 - 31) 25 (20 - 31) 3 (1 - 5) 27 (22 - 34)
Massachusetts 61 (52 - 71) 30 (25 - 36) 28 (22 - 35) 3 (2 - 6) 31 (25 - 39)
Michigan 89 (81 - 98) 43 (39 - 49) 41 (36 - 47) 5 (3 - 8) 46 (40 - 53)
Minnesota 42 (35 - 49) 19 (16 - 24) 20 (16 - 25) 2 (1 - 4) 22 (17 - 28)
Mississippi 23 (19 - 27) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15)
Missouri 45 (38 - 53) 23 (19 - 28) 20 (15 - 25) 2 (1 - 5) 22 (17 - 28)
Montana 8   (7 - 10) 4 (4 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Nebraska 15 (12 - 17) 7 (6 - 9) 7 (5 - 9) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9)
Nevada 19 (16 - 22) 10   (8 - 12) 7 (5 - 9) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 11)
New Hampshire 13 (11 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (5 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8)
New Jersey 61 (52 - 73) 30 (25 - 37) 27 (22 - 34) 4 (2 - 7) 31 (24 - 39)
New Mexico 17 (14 - 20) 9   (7 - 11) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (0 - 2) 8   (6 - 10)
New York 162 (146 - 180) 78 (69 - 87) 76 (65 - 87) 9   (5 - 15) 84 (72 - 98)
North Carolina 79 (68 - 92) 41 (35 - 49) 32 (26 - 40) 5 (3 - 9) 37 (30 - 47)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (3 - 4)
Ohio 99   (90 - 109) 51 (45 - 56) 42 (37 - 48) 6   (4 - 11) 48 (42 - 56)
Oklahoma 28 (24 - 33) 14 (11 - 17) 13 (10 - 16) 1 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 18)
Oregon 34 (30 - 40) 17 (14 - 20) 16 (13 - 19) 2 (1 - 4) 17 (14 - 21)
Pennsylvania 99   (89 - 110) 48 (43 - 54) 45 (39 - 52) 5 (3 - 9) 50 (43 - 59)
Rhode Island 11   (9 - 13) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7)
South Carolina 31 (26 - 37) 16 (13 - 19) 14 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 4) 15 (12 - 20)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Tennessee 43 (36 - 50) 22 (18 - 26) 18 (14 - 23) 3 (2 - 6) 21 (17 - 27)
Texas 178 (160 - 199) 91   (80 - 102) 78 (67 - 91) 10   (5 - 17) 88   (75 - 103)
Utah 19 (16 - 24) 10   (8 - 12) 9   (6 - 12) 1 (0 - 2) 10   (7 - 13)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Virginia 64 (55 - 75) 30 (25 - 36) 30 (24 - 38) 4 (2 - 7) 34 (27 - 42)
Washington 51 (44 - 60) 25 (21 - 31) 23 (18 - 29) 3 (2 - 6) 26 (21 - 33)
West Virginia 12 (10 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
Wisconsin 49 (42 - 58) 25 (20 - 30) 22 (18 - 27) 3 (1 - 5) 25 (20 - 30)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 5) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0) 2 (2 - 3)
130117
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,924 (8,531 - 9,337) 1,137 (1,074 - 1,203) 2,610 (2,497 - 2,729) 5,177 (4,817 - 5,564) 7,787 (7,402 - 8,194)
Northeast 1,529 (1,393 - 1,678) 178 (161 - 197) 463 (427 - 501) 888    (771 - 1,022) 1,350 (1,219 - 1,496)
Midwest 1,852 (1,723 - 1,990) 248 (229 - 268) 567 (533 - 603) 1,038    (927 - 1,161) 1,605 (1,481 - 1,737)
South 3,199 (2,983 - 3,432) 410 (380 - 443) 912 (856 - 973) 1,877 (1,688 - 2,087) 2,789 (2,580 - 3,016)
West 2,344 (2,139 - 2,568) 301 (271 - 334) 668 (615 - 726) 1,375 (1,200 - 1,574) 2,043 (1,848 - 2,258)
Alabama 145 (112 - 188) 18 (14 - 23) 42 (34 - 52) 85   (59 - 123) 127   (96 - 168)
Alaska 21 (16 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (8 - 17) 18 (14 - 25)
Arizona 228 (178 - 293) 30 (23 - 39) 62 (49 - 79) 136   (96 - 192) 198 (151 - 261)
Arkansas 100   (78 - 128) 11   (9 - 14) 30 (24 - 37) 59 (42 - 84) 89   (68 - 116)
California 1,186 (1,022 - 1,375) 155 (132 - 181) 342 (299 - 390) 689 (553 - 858) 1,031    (875 - 1,215)
Colorado 184 (144 - 235) 21 (16 - 27) 57 (46 - 71) 106   (74 - 150) 163 (125 - 212)
Connecticut 95   (73 - 124) 13 (10 - 16) 27 (21 - 34) 55 (38 - 80) 82   (62 - 110)
Delaware 31 (24 - 40) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 19 (13 - 27) 27 (21 - 36)
District of Columbia 23 (17 - 30) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (11 - 22) 21 (16 - 29)
Florida 535 (458 - 625) 61 (52 - 72) 135 (117 - 155) 339 (271 - 423) 474 (399 - 562)
Georgia 236 (179 - 312) 32 (25 - 42) 71 (56 - 90) 133   (88 - 199) 204 (150 - 277)
Hawaii 44 (32 - 60) 5 (3 - 6) 10   (8 - 13) 29 (19 - 44) 39 (28 - 55)
Idaho 43 (33 - 55) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 16) 24 (17 - 35) 36 (28 - 48)
Illinois 313 (266 - 367) 40 (34 - 48) 92   (79 - 106) 181 (142 - 230) 272 (228 - 325)
Indiana 218 (171 - 277) 29 (23 - 37) 62 (50 - 76) 127   (89 - 179) 188 (144 - 246)
Iowa 45 (32 - 63) 8   (6 - 11) 16 (11 - 22) 21 (13 - 36) 37 (26 - 54)
Kansas 80   (60 - 105) 11   (9 - 15) 24 (19 - 31) 45 (30 - 66) 69 (50 - 93)
Kentucky 154 (121 - 196) 17 (13 - 21) 44 (36 - 54) 93   (66 - 131) 137 (105 - 178)
Louisiana 138 (106 - 180) 18 (14 - 24) 40 (31 - 50) 80   (55 - 116) 120   (90 - 160)
Maine 34 (26 - 44) 4 (3 - 6) 10   (8 - 13) 19 (13 - 28) 29 (22 - 40)
Maryland 152 (115 - 201) 19 (14 - 24) 43 (33 - 55) 91   (62 - 133) 133   (98 - 181)
Massachusetts 184 (138 - 244) 20 (15 - 26) 56 (43 - 72) 108   (73 - 160) 164 (121 - 222)
Michigan 299 (260 - 343) 42 (36 - 49) 95   (84 - 108) 161 (129 - 202) 257 (220 - 300)
Minnesota 133 (102 - 173) 18 (14 - 24) 44 (34 - 55) 71   (48 - 105) 115   (86 - 153)
Mississippi 72 (54 - 94) 10   (8 - 13) 23 (18 - 29) 39 (26 - 58) 62 (45 - 83)
Missouri 189 (147 - 242) 23 (18 - 30) 58 (47 - 72) 108   (75 - 154) 166 (126 - 217)
Montana 31 (24 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (8 - 12) 18 (12 - 26) 28 (21 - 36)
Nebraska 42 (32 - 55) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 18) 21 (14 - 32) 36 (26 - 48)
Nevada 94   (71 - 123) 12   (9 - 16) 23 (18 - 29) 59 (41 - 85) 81   (60 - 110)
New Hampshire 40 (30 - 51) 5 (4 - 6) 12 (10 - 16) 22 (15 - 32) 35 (26 - 46)
New Jersey 197 (148 - 262) 26 (20 - 34) 60 (47 - 77) 111   (73 - 168) 171 (125 - 233)
New Mexico 57 (44 - 74) 9   (7 - 11) 17 (13 - 22) 31 (21 - 46) 48 (35 - 65)
New York 575 (490 - 674) 61 (51 - 72) 174 (152 - 199) 341 (269 - 431) 515 (433 - 612)
North Carolina 260 (200 - 337) 33 (26 - 41) 76 (60 - 96) 151 (105 - 218) 227 (170 - 303)
North Dakota 12   (9 - 16) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 9) 10   (7 - 14)
Ohio 313 (271 - 361) 42 (36 - 49) 95   (84 - 107) 176 (141 - 220) 271 (231 - 318)
Oklahoma 142 (110 - 183) 17 (13 - 22) 44 (35 - 55) 82   (57 - 117) 125   (95 - 165)
Oregon 174 (136 - 221) 18 (14 - 23) 44 (36 - 53) 112   (80 - 156) 156 (120 - 202)
Pennsylvania 330 (281 - 386) 43 (36 - 51) 99   (86 - 114) 187 (147 - 238) 286 (240 - 341)
Rhode Island 53 (41 - 67) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (13 - 19) 32 (23 - 45) 48 (37 - 62)
South Carolina 112   (85 - 147) 15 (12 - 20) 32 (25 - 41) 64 (43 - 95) 96   (71 - 130)
South Dakota 15 (11 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 11) 13   (9 - 17)
Tennessee 219 (172 - 279) 24 (19 - 30) 56 (46 - 69) 140 (100 - 194) 196 (150 - 253)
Texas 625 (536 - 729) 98   (83 - 115) 186 (161 - 215) 341 (269 - 432) 527 (443 - 628)
Utah 65 (51 - 83) 11   (9 - 15) 26 (20 - 33) 28 (19 - 42) 54 (40 - 71)
Vermont 21 (17 - 27) 2 (2 - 3) 8 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 16) 19 (15 - 25)
Virginia 196 (150 - 257) 26 (20 - 34) 59 (46 - 75) 111   (75 - 163) 170 (126 - 229)
Washington 204 (158 - 262) 25 (20 - 32) 56 (44 - 69) 123   (87 - 174) 179 (135 - 235)
West Virginia 58 (46 - 75) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (14 - 21) 35 (25 - 50) 52 (40 - 68)
Wisconsin 194 (150 - 250) 23 (18 - 30) 57 (46 - 70) 114   (79 - 163) 171 (129 - 224)
Wyoming 13 (10 - 17) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 6) 7   (4 - 10) 11   (8 - 15)
130117
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 5,515 (5,210 - 5,838) 346 (312 - 383) 1,966 (1,863 - 2,073) 3,204 (2,926 - 3,508) 5,170 (4,867 - 5,490)
Northeast 1,064    (949 - 1,194) 58 (50 - 68) 377 (344 - 413) 629 (529 - 748) 1,006    (893 - 1,134)
Midwest 1,134 (1,025 - 1,253) 71 (62 - 81) 426 (395 - 460) 637 (543 - 747) 1,063    (956 - 1,180)
South 1,899 (1,720 - 2,098) 117 (102 - 134) 630 (584 - 680) 1,152    (991 - 1,338) 1,782 (1,606 - 1,978)
West 1,418 (1,263 - 1,590) 99   (84 - 118) 532 (484 - 584) 786 (657 - 941) 1,318 (1,167 - 1,488)
Alabama 60 (41 - 86) 4 (3 - 6) 20 (14 - 27) 36 (21 - 60) 56 (38 - 82)
Alaska 17 (12 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 10   (6 - 15) 16 (11 - 22)
Arizona 161 (118 - 219) 11   (7 - 16) 53 (40 - 70) 96   (63 - 146) 150 (108 - 207)
Arkansas 48 (34 - 67) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (12 - 21) 29 (18 - 46) 45 (31 - 64)
California 678 (563 - 815) 51 (39 - 66) 261 (223 - 305) 367 (275 - 487) 627 (516 - 762)
Colorado 146 (110 - 194) 8   (6 - 12) 54 (43 - 68) 84   (56 - 127) 138 (103 - 185)
Connecticut 66 (48 - 91) 5 (3 - 7) 23 (18 - 30) 39 (24 - 61) 61 (44 - 86)
Delaware 19 (14 - 26) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (8 - 19) 18 (13 - 26)
District of Columbia 21 (15 - 29) 0 (0 - 0) 5 (3 - 6) 16 (11 - 24) 21 (15 - 29)
Florida 305 (248 - 376) 20 (16 - 26) 99   (84 - 116) 186 (138 - 252) 285 (229 - 355)
Georgia 160 (110 - 231) 9   (6 - 13) 49 (36 - 66) 102   (62 - 167) 151 (103 - 222)
Hawaii 22 (15 - 33) 1 (1 - 2) 7   (5 - 10) 14   (8 - 23) 21 (14 - 31)
Idaho 18 (13 - 26) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (6 - 12) 8   (4 - 14) 16 (11 - 24)
Illinois 220 (181 - 268) 13 (10 - 17) 74 (63 - 87) 133 (100 - 177) 207 (169 - 254)
Indiana 114   (83 - 156) 7   (5 - 10) 43 (34 - 55) 64   (40 - 101) 107   (77 - 149)
Iowa 30 (20 - 44) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (10 - 20) 13   (7 - 25) 27 (18 - 41)
Kansas 39 (28 - 56) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (14 - 25) 18 (10 - 31) 36 (25 - 53)
Kentucky 64 (46 - 90) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (19 - 34) 35 (21 - 56) 60 (42 - 85)
Louisiana 93   (66 - 131) 4 (2 - 5) 26 (20 - 35) 63 (41 - 97) 89   (63 - 127)
Maine 27 (20 - 37) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 13) 16 (10 - 25) 26 (19 - 35)
Maryland 97   (67 - 141) 5 (3 - 7) 29 (21 - 39) 63   (39 - 103) 92   (62 - 136)
Massachusetts 117   (83 - 165) 7   (5 - 10) 47 (35 - 62) 64   (39 - 105) 111   (77 - 158)
Michigan 179 (148 - 216) 10   (8 - 13) 68 (58 - 79) 101   (76 - 135) 169 (139 - 205)
Minnesota 101   (73 - 139) 7   (5 - 10) 37 (28 - 48) 57 (36 - 91) 94   (67 - 132)
Mississippi 30 (19 - 46) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (7 - 15) 18 (10 - 32) 28 (18 - 44)
Missouri 97   (69 - 137) 6 (4 - 9) 37 (28 - 49) 54 (33 - 88) 91 (63 - 130)
Montana 18 (14 - 24) 1 (1 - 1) 8   (6 - 10) 9   (6 - 14) 17 (13 - 23)
Nebraska 21 (15 - 30) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (7 - 13) 10   (6 - 17) 19 (13 - 28)
Nevada 53 (37 - 74) 5 (3 - 7) 17 (13 - 22) 31 (20 - 50) 48 (33 - 69)
New Hampshire 24 (18 - 33) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 12) 13   (8 - 21) 23 (17 - 31)
New Jersey 124   (85 - 180) 9   (6 - 13) 44 (33 - 58) 72   (42 - 123) 115   (78 - 171)
New Mexico 33 (23 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (11 - 19) 15   (9 - 26) 30 (21 - 43)
New York 424 (351 - 511) 20 (15 - 26) 143 (123 - 167) 261 (199 - 342) 404 (333 - 491)
North Carolina 192 (137 - 269) 8   (5 - 11) 57 (43 - 75) 128   (82 - 198) 184 (130 - 261)
North Dakota 8   (5 - 11) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 6) 7   (5 - 10)
Ohio 180 (148 - 219) 12   (9 - 15) 71 (61 - 83) 97   (71 - 132) 168 (136 - 207)
Oklahoma 45 (32 - 65) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (14 - 27) 22 (12 - 38) 41 (28 - 60)
Oregon 102   (76 - 135) 5 (3 - 7) 34 (27 - 42) 63 (42 - 94) 97   (72 - 130)
Pennsylvania 229 (189 - 278) 14 (11 - 18) 81 (69 - 95) 134 (100 - 178) 215 (176 - 263)
Rhode Island 37 (27 - 49) 1 (1 - 2) 13 (10 - 16) 23 (15 - 34) 35 (26 - 48)
South Carolina 85   (61 - 117) 4 (3 - 6) 26 (20 - 35) 54 (35 - 84) 81   (58 - 113)
South Dakota 9   (6 - 12) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (2 - 7) 8   (5 - 12)
Tennessee 123   (90 - 169) 6 (4 - 8) 42 (33 - 54) 76   (49 - 118) 118   (85 - 162)
Texas 383 (314 - 466) 35 (27 - 45) 138 (116 - 163) 210 (156 - 284) 348 (282 - 430)
Utah 38 (27 - 53) 3 (2 - 5) 20 (14 - 27) 15   (8 - 26) 34 (24 - 49)
Vermont 16 (12 - 21) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9) 8   (5 - 13) 15 (12 - 20)
Virginia 135   (96 - 190) 8   (5 - 12) 49 (37 - 64) 79   (49 - 126) 127   (89 - 181)
Washington 125   (92 - 170) 8   (6 - 12) 46 (35 - 59) 71   (46 - 111) 117   (85 - 161)
West Virginia 39 (29 - 52) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 18) 23 (15 - 35) 37 (27 - 50)
Wisconsin 137 (101 - 186) 7   (5 - 11) 46 (36 - 59) 84   (54 - 128) 130   (94 - 178)
Wyoming 8   (6 - 11) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 6) 7   (5 - 10)
130117
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 12,215 (11,803 - 12,645) 1,649 (1,571 - 1,730) 3,968 (3,832 - 4,109) 6,598 (6,230 - 6,990) 10,567 (10,159 - 10,993)
Northeast 1,942 (1,802 - 2,093) 238 (217 - 260) 669 (624 - 716) 1,035    (917 - 1,168) 1,704 (1,569 - 1,851)
Midwest 2,709 (2,561 - 2,864) 379 (356 - 403) 890 (844 - 938) 1,441 (1,317 - 1,575) 2,331 (2,188 - 2,479)
South 4,413 (4,171 - 4,672) 610 (573 - 649) 1,396 (1,325 - 1,472) 2,407 (2,200 - 2,634) 3,803 (3,569 - 4,055)
West 3,151 (2,918 - 3,402) 422 (386 - 461) 1,014    (948 - 1,083) 1,716 (1,515 - 1,942) 2,729 (2,504 - 2,974)
Alabama 205 (170 - 248) 28 (23 - 34) 66 (55 - 79) 111   (84 - 148) 178 (144 - 219)
Alaska 28 (23 - 36) 5 (4 - 6) 8   (7 - 11) 15 (11 - 21) 24 (18 - 31)
Arizona 317 (256 - 392) 45 (37 - 56) 93   (76 - 114) 179 (131 - 243) 272 (214 - 345)
Arkansas 147 (121 - 177) 18 (15 - 22) 47 (39 - 56) 82   (62 - 108) 129 (104 - 158)
California 1,535 (1,358 - 1,735) 203 (177 - 233) 512 (459 - 572) 819 (674 - 995) 1,332 (1,161 - 1,527)
Colorado 226 (183 - 279) 28 (22 - 35) 75 (62 - 91) 123   (91 - 167) 199 (157 - 249)
Connecticut 113   (91 - 139) 15 (12 - 19) 37 (30 - 46) 60 (44 - 82) 98   (77 - 123)
Delaware 37 (30 - 46) 4 (4 - 6) 12 (10 - 15) 20 (15 - 28) 32 (26 - 41)
District of Columbia 19 (15 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 11   (8 - 15) 18 (14 - 23)
Florida 628 (549 - 718) 89   (77 - 101) 194 (172 - 218) 345 (279 - 427) 539 (463 - 628)
Georgia 398 (323 - 489) 52 (42 - 64) 123 (102 - 149) 222 (164 - 300) 345 (274 - 434)
Hawaii 48 (37 - 62) 6 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 16) 29 (20 - 42) 42 (32 - 56)
Idaho 68 (56 - 82) 10   (8 - 13) 21 (17 - 25) 37 (28 - 49) 58 (47 - 71)
Illinois 412 (362 - 469) 59 (51 - 69) 133 (117 - 151) 220 (179 - 269) 353 (305 - 408)
Indiana 315 (260 - 381) 41 (34 - 50) 96   (80 - 114) 178 (135 - 235) 274 (222 - 338)
Iowa 83   (65 - 104) 14 (11 - 18) 28 (22 - 35) 41 (28 - 58) 68 (52 - 89)
Kansas 105   (84 - 131) 17 (14 - 21) 33 (26 - 41) 55 (40 - 76) 88   (69 - 113)
Kentucky 231 (189 - 282) 26 (22 - 32) 69 (57 - 82) 136 (101 - 181) 204 (164 - 255)
Louisiana 199 (162 - 245) 25 (20 - 31) 67 (55 - 81) 107   (79 - 145) 174 (139 - 218)
Maine 50 (40 - 62) 7 (5 - 8) 16 (13 - 19) 27 (20 - 38) 43 (34 - 55)
Maryland 186 (149 - 232) 24 (19 - 30) 61 (48 - 75) 101   (74 - 138) 162 (127 - 206)
Massachusetts 275 (221 - 340) 28 (22 - 35) 97   (79 - 119) 149 (109 - 204) 247 (195 - 310)
Michigan 453 (406 - 504) 65 (58 - 74) 142 (128 - 156) 245 (206 - 292) 387 (343 - 437)
Minnesota 212 (171 - 261) 28 (23 - 34) 73 (59 - 89) 111   (81 - 152) 184 (145 - 232)
Mississippi 100   (81 - 123) 15 (12 - 18) 34 (28 - 42) 51 (38 - 70) 85   (68 - 107)
Missouri 219 (178 - 268) 33 (27 - 40) 74 (60 - 90) 112   (83 - 152) 186 (148 - 233)
Montana 45 (37 - 53) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (13 - 19) 23 (17 - 30) 39 (32 - 47)
Nebraska 48 (37 - 61) 8   (6 - 10) 18 (14 - 23) 22 (15 - 33) 40 (30 - 53)
Nevada 133 (107 - 165) 19 (15 - 23) 37 (31 - 45) 77   (57 - 104) 114   (90 - 145)
New Hampshire 59 (49 - 72) 8 (6 - 9) 20 (17 - 24) 32 (24 - 42) 52 (42 - 64)
New Jersey 256 (202 - 323) 33 (27 - 42) 85   (68 - 105) 138   (97 - 195) 222 (172 - 288)
New Mexico 88   (70 - 111) 14 (12 - 17) 25 (20 - 31) 49 (35 - 69) 74 (57 - 96)
New York 654 (573 - 747) 77 (67 - 90) 233 (206 - 263) 344 (278 - 424) 577 (499 - 667)
North Carolina 344 (276 - 428) 51 (42 - 62) 108   (87 - 134) 184 (134 - 252) 293 (229 - 373)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 8   (7 - 10) 10   (7 - 14) 18 (14 - 23)
Ohio 525 (474 - 583) 70 (62 - 80) 183 (167 - 201) 272 (229 - 324) 455 (406 - 511)
Oklahoma 201 (166 - 243) 25 (21 - 31) 68 (57 - 82) 107   (80 - 143) 176 (142 - 216)
Oregon 209 (172 - 251) 24 (20 - 30) 69 (58 - 80) 116   (87 - 153) 184 (149 - 226)
Pennsylvania 454 (400 - 515) 62 (53 - 71) 150 (133 - 170) 242 (199 - 295) 393 (341 - 452)
Rhode Island 56 (46 - 68) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (17 - 25) 30 (22 - 40) 51 (41 - 63)
South Carolina 157 (127 - 194) 24 (19 - 29) 52 (42 - 64) 81   (59 - 112) 133 (105 - 169)
South Dakota 22 (18 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (6 - 10) 11   (7 - 15) 18 (14 - 24)
Tennessee 334 (275 - 402) 38 (31 - 47) 95   (80 - 112) 201 (153 - 261) 295 (239 - 362)
Texas 844 (747 - 954) 137 (120 - 157) 274 (243 - 310) 433 (355 - 527) 707 (615 - 813)
Utah 103   (85 - 126) 17 (14 - 21) 38 (31 - 48) 48 (35 - 64) 86   (69 - 108)
Vermont 25 (20 - 31) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 13   (9 - 17) 22 (17 - 27)
Virginia 307 (248 - 378) 41 (34 - 51) 95   (77 - 117) 170 (126 - 228) 265 (210 - 334)
Washington 332 (275 - 399) 41 (34 - 50) 99   (83 - 118) 191 (146 - 251) 291 (237 - 356)
West Virginia 77 (63 - 93) 10   (8 - 12) 24 (20 - 29) 43 (32 - 57) 67 (54 - 83)
Wisconsin 294 (241 - 358) 36 (29 - 45) 95   (80 - 111) 163 (121 - 220) 258 (207 - 320)
Wyoming 19 (15 - 23) 3 (3 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 9   (6 - 12) 15 (12 - 19)
130117
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 127,881 (126,485 - 129,264) 3,856 (3,740 - 3,974) 20,087 (19,841 - 20,331) 103,938 (102,579 - 105,283) 124,025 (122,635 - 125,400)
Northeast 25,803 (25,306 - 26,297) 757 (720 - 795) 3,949 (3,859 - 4,037) 21,098 (20,633 - 21,559) 25,046 (24,551 - 25,539)
Midwest 29,755 (29,281 - 30,234) 902 (866 - 938) 4,787 (4,692 - 4,881) 24,066 (23,630 - 24,503) 28,853 (28,378 - 29,327)
South 42,874 (42,086 - 43,648) 1,294 (1,240 - 1,349) 6,736 (6,579 - 6,891) 34,844 (34,118 - 35,554) 41,580 (40,793 - 42,352)
West 29,449 (28,800 - 30,099) 903 (853 - 956) 4,616 (4,490 - 4,739) 23,930 (23,326 - 24,534) 28,546 (27,902 - 29,188)
Alabama 1,546 (1,426 - 1,669) 50 (42 - 58) 262 (243 - 281) 1,234 (1,122 - 1,349) 1,496 (1,378 - 1,616)
Alaska 296 (279 - 313) 9   (8 - 10) 47 (43 - 50) 241 (224 - 256) 287 (270 - 304)
Arizona 2,734 (2,568 - 2,899) 86   (74 - 100) 407 (376 - 436) 2,241 (2,087 - 2,393) 2,648 (2,485 - 2,808)
Arkansas 1,003    (931 - 1,077) 34 (30 - 40) 158 (147 - 170) 811 (743 - 879) 969    (898 - 1,041)
California 14,883 (14,351 - 15,411) 475 (432 - 521) 2,462 (2,366 - 2,556) 11,946 (11,443 - 12,446) 14,408 (13,882 - 14,929)
Colorado 2,489 (2,366 - 2,609) 74 (64 - 84) 371 (351 - 389) 2,045 (1,930 - 2,154) 2,415 (2,294 - 2,531)
Connecticut 1,777 (1,688 - 1,865) 54 (47 - 62) 247 (234 - 260) 1,476 (1,391 - 1,557) 1,724 (1,635 - 1,809)
Delaware 397 (372 - 421) 11   (9 - 13) 62 (59 - 65) 324 (300 - 346) 386 (361 - 410)
District of Columbia 305 (289 - 320) 6 (5 - 7) 61 (58 - 64) 238 (223 - 252) 299 (283 - 314)
Florida 8,051 (7,785 - 8,316) 221 (202 - 242) 1,037    (995 - 1,077) 6,794 (6,538 - 7,047) 7,830 (7,567 - 8,093)
Georgia 3,692 (3,446 - 3,938) 108   (92 - 126) 543 (502 - 584) 3,041 (2,811 - 3,269) 3,584 (3,342 - 3,824)
Hawaii 507 (471 - 544) 12 (10 - 14) 75 (70 - 81) 420 (386 - 454) 495 (460 - 531)
Idaho 514 (478 - 552) 16 (14 - 19) 84 (77 - 90) 414 (380 - 449) 498 (462 - 534)
Illinois 5,780 (5,599 - 5,959) 173 (159 - 188) 936 (905 - 966) 4,672 (4,499 - 4,842) 5,607 (5,427 - 5,785)
Indiana 2,571 (2,402 - 2,740) 84 (73 - 97) 394 (367 - 421) 2,092 (1,934 - 2,250) 2,487 (2,320 - 2,652)
Iowa 1,339 (1,266 - 1,412) 38 (33 - 44) 226 (212 - 239) 1,075 (1,006 - 1,143) 1,301 (1,228 - 1,372)
Kansas 1,159 (1,084 - 1,234) 36 (31 - 42) 212 (199 - 225) 911 (841 - 980) 1,123 (1,049 - 1,196)
Kentucky 1,419 (1,309 - 1,533) 47 (40 - 55) 228 (210 - 245) 1,144 (1,039 - 1,251) 1,372 (1,263 - 1,484)
Louisiana 1,687 (1,575 - 1,801) 57 (49 - 66) 309 (289 - 329) 1,320 (1,215 - 1,426) 1,630 (1,519 - 1,740)
Maine 591 (553 - 628) 17 (15 - 19) 80 (75 - 85) 494 (458 - 528) 574 (537 - 610)
Maryland 2,564 (2,418 - 2,709) 69 (59 - 80) 394 (370 - 417) 2,101 (1,963 - 2,235) 2,495 (2,350 - 2,636)
Massachusetts 3,335 (3,162 - 3,504) 92   (80 - 105) 521 (492 - 549) 2,722 (2,560 - 2,877) 3,244 (3,072 - 3,407)
Michigan 4,562 (4,420 - 4,703) 136 (125 - 148) 720 (697 - 742) 3,706 (3,570 - 3,840) 4,426 (4,285 - 4,565)
Minnesota 2,704 (2,573 - 2,832) 74 (64 - 85) 422 (401 - 442) 2,208 (2,085 - 2,325) 2,630 (2,500 - 2,754)
Mississippi 896 (823 - 972) 31 (26 - 36) 161 (147 - 174) 705 (637 - 775) 866 (793 - 939)
Missouri 2,440 (2,294 - 2,587) 74 (63 - 85) 388 (364 - 411) 1,978 (1,841 - 2,115) 2,366 (2,221 - 2,509)
Montana 467 (441 - 492) 15 (13 - 17) 71 (67 - 75) 381 (357 - 404) 452 (427 - 476)
Nebraska 807 (759 - 855) 24 (21 - 28) 139 (131 - 147) 643 (598 - 687) 783 (735 - 829)
Nevada 1,090 (1,016 - 1,163) 31 (26 - 36) 142 (131 - 152) 917 (847 - 986) 1,059    (986 - 1,131)
New Hampshire 703 (669 - 735) 20 (17 - 23) 99   (94 - 104) 584 (551 - 614) 683 (649 - 714)
New Jersey 3,907 (3,654 - 4,158) 108   (93 - 126) 545 (511 - 577) 3,254 (3,011 - 3,490) 3,799 (3,548 - 4,044)
New Mexico 738 (686 - 791) 26 (22 - 30) 132 (122 - 141) 581 (533 - 629) 713 (661 - 764)
New York 9,000 (8,708 - 9,289) 271 (249 - 295) 1,453 (1,404 - 1,502) 7,276 (7,001 - 7,546) 8,729 (8,440 - 9,014)
North Carolina 3,380 (3,142 - 3,621) 103   (89 - 119) 533 (495 - 570) 2,744 (2,519 - 2,970) 3,277 (3,041 - 3,513)
North Dakota 316 (299 - 332) 10   (9 - 12) 67 (64 - 70) 238 (223 - 253) 305 (289 - 321)
Ohio 4,882 (4,726 - 5,038) 155 (143 - 169) 780 (756 - 804) 3,947 (3,799 - 4,094) 4,727 (4,573 - 4,880)
Oklahoma 1,229 (1,131 - 1,329) 39 (33 - 46) 232 (214 - 251) 957    (868 - 1,049) 1,190 (1,094 - 1,287)
Oregon 1,862 (1,758 - 1,965) 50 (43 - 57) 250 (235 - 264) 1,563 (1,464 - 1,657) 1,813 (1,709 - 1,912)
Pennsylvania 5,617 (5,428 - 5,803) 167 (153 - 182) 858 (826 - 888) 4,592 (4,412 - 4,770) 5,450 (5,263 - 5,635)
Rhode Island 548 (521 - 575) 17 (15 - 20) 94 (90 - 99) 437 (411 - 461) 531 (504 - 557)
South Carolina 1,698 (1,583 - 1,814) 48 (41 - 56) 246 (227 - 265) 1,403 (1,296 - 1,510) 1,650 (1,536 - 1,763)
South Dakota 372 (353 - 392) 11 (10 - 13) 65 (62 - 68) 296 (278 - 314) 361 (342 - 379)
Tennessee 2,067 (1,909 - 2,230) 62 (53 - 72) 332 (307 - 357) 1,673 (1,525 - 1,825) 2,005 (1,848 - 2,164)
Texas 8,969 (8,651 - 9,287) 298 (272 - 326) 1,554 (1,493 - 1,613) 7,117 (6,818 - 7,417) 8,671 (8,356 - 8,985)
Utah 582 (524 - 643) 19 (15 - 24) 114   (99 - 130) 449 (396 - 506) 563 (505 - 623)
Vermont 324 (306 - 342) 10   (9 - 11) 50 (48 - 53) 264 (247 - 281) 314 (296 - 332)
Virginia 3,382 (3,180 - 3,582) 91   (79 - 105) 528 (496 - 559) 2,763 (2,572 - 2,950) 3,291 (3,091 - 3,487)
Washington 3,055 (2,888 - 3,220) 84 (73 - 97) 424 (399 - 447) 2,547 (2,387 - 2,702) 2,971 (2,806 - 3,132)
West Virginia 589 (540 - 638) 19 (16 - 22) 94   (87 - 101) 476 (431 - 523) 570 (522 - 619)
Wisconsin 2,824 (2,677 - 2,967) 86 (75 - 99) 437 (416 - 457) 2,300 (2,161 - 2,433) 2,737 (2,593 - 2,875)
Wyoming 231 (217 - 245) 8 (7 - 9) 38 (36 - 40) 185 (172 - 198) 224 (210 - 237)
130117
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 58,114 (57,060 - 59,179) 2,333 (2,245 - 2,423) 13,642 (13,397 - 13,887) 42,139 (41,165 - 43,129) 55,781 (54,732 - 56,842)
Northeast 11,186 (10,820 - 11,561) 457 (428 - 488) 2,674 (2,597 - 2,751) 8,055 (7,710 - 8,411) 10,729 (10,368 - 11,100)
Midwest 14,238 (13,877 - 14,603) 562 (534 - 591) 3,396 (3,323 - 3,469) 10,280   (9,935 - 10,633) 13,676 (13,315 - 14,038)
South 19,963 (19,422 - 20,514) 782 (740 - 826) 4,476 (4,361 - 4,592) 14,705 (14,190 - 15,229) 19,181 (18,645 - 19,726)
West 12,727 (12,267 - 13,198) 531 (490 - 575) 3,096 (2,995 - 3,199) 9,099 (8,664 - 9,551) 12,195 (11,737 - 12,666)
Alabama 734 (654 - 820) 30 (25 - 37) 170 (152 - 188) 534 (463 - 613) 703 (625 - 789)
Alaska 131 (118 - 145) 5 (4 - 7) 32 (28 - 35) 94   (82 - 107) 126 (112 - 140)
Arizona 1,202 (1,084 - 1,329) 50 (41 - 61) 270 (242 - 300) 882 (776 - 996) 1,152 (1,035 - 1,277)
Arkansas 503 (452 - 559) 20 (17 - 25) 115 (104 - 127) 367 (321 - 419) 483 (432 - 538)
California 6,469 (6,086 - 6,869) 280 (246 - 318) 1,621 (1,536 - 1,707) 4,568 (4,208 - 4,951) 6,189 (5,807 - 6,589)
Colorado 1,072    (975 - 1,173) 41 (35 - 49) 259 (238 - 281) 771 (683 - 866) 1,030    (934 - 1,130)
Connecticut 762 (692 - 836) 39 (33 - 47) 169 (154 - 183) 554 (490 - 624) 723 (654 - 796)
Delaware 176 (158 - 195) 7 (5 - 9) 43 (40 - 47) 126 (110 - 144) 169 (152 - 188)
District of Columbia 151 (137 - 165) 3 (2 - 4) 42 (38 - 45) 106   (94 - 119) 148 (134 - 162)
Florida 3,494 (3,284 - 3,715) 131 (117 - 147) 681 (645 - 718) 2,682 (2,481 - 2,895) 3,363 (3,154 - 3,583)
Georgia 1,672 (1,498 - 1,861) 59 (49 - 72) 354 (317 - 393) 1,259 (1,100 - 1,433) 1,613 (1,441 - 1,799)
Hawaii 242 (214 - 273) 7 (5 - 8) 53 (47 - 58) 183 (157 - 212) 235 (208 - 266)
Idaho 227 (203 - 253) 11   (9 - 13) 59 (53 - 65) 158 (136 - 182) 217 (193 - 242)
Illinois 2,828 (2,686 - 2,976) 110   (99 - 123) 664 (635 - 693) 2,054 (1,918 - 2,197) 2,718 (2,576 - 2,865)
Indiana 1,204 (1,087 - 1,331) 53 (44 - 63) 273 (248 - 299) 879 (771 - 997) 1,152 (1,035 - 1,277)
Iowa 676 (617 - 737) 26 (22 - 31) 166 (153 - 180) 484 (431 - 540) 650 (592 - 710)
Kansas 562 (505 - 623) 22 (18 - 26) 154 (140 - 168) 386 (337 - 441) 540 (484 - 601)
Kentucky 696 (621 - 779) 30 (25 - 37) 156 (140 - 173) 509 (440 - 586) 665 (591 - 748)
Louisiana 843 (760 - 933) 32 (27 - 39) 201 (182 - 220) 610 (535 - 692) 811 (728 - 899)
Maine 244 (219 - 272) 10   (8 - 12) 54 (49 - 59) 180 (157 - 206) 234 (209 - 262)
Maryland 1,045    (936 - 1,163) 43 (36 - 52) 250 (226 - 275) 752 (654 - 860) 1,002    (893 - 1,119)
Massachusetts 1,404 (1,272 - 1,543) 55 (46 - 65) 358 (328 - 389) 991    (873 - 1,119) 1,349 (1,219 - 1,487)
Michigan 2,042 (1,934 - 2,154) 78 (69 - 87) 481 (460 - 503) 1,483 (1,380 - 1,591) 1,964 (1,857 - 2,075)
Minnesota 1,294 (1,181 - 1,413) 45 (38 - 53) 311 (288 - 334) 938    (832 - 1,051) 1,249 (1,136 - 1,367)
Mississippi 470 (418 - 526) 18 (15 - 22) 107   (95 - 120) 345 (299 - 396) 452 (401 - 507)
Missouri 1,153 (1,042 - 1,272) 46 (38 - 55) 271 (247 - 295) 837 (737 - 945) 1,107    (997 - 1,223)
Montana 216 (196 - 237) 9   (7 - 11) 53 (49 - 58) 153 (135 - 173) 207 (187 - 228)
Nebraska 367 (331 - 405) 14 (12 - 17) 93   (84 - 102) 260 (228 - 295) 353 (317 - 390)
Nevada 509 (457 - 566) 20 (16 - 24) 95   (86 - 106) 394 (345 - 448) 490 (437 - 546)
New Hampshire 290 (263 - 317) 14 (11 - 16) 71 (65 - 76) 205 (182 - 231) 276 (250 - 303)
New Jersey 1,648 (1,467 - 1,844) 71 (58 - 85) 354 (322 - 387) 1,224 (1,056 - 1,410) 1,577 (1,398 - 1,772)
New Mexico 353 (316 - 392) 16 (13 - 19) 88 (79 - 98) 249 (216 - 285) 337 (300 - 376)
New York 3,784 (3,561 - 4,017) 153 (137 - 170) 956    (909 - 1,004) 2,676 (2,465 - 2,900) 3,632 (3,410 - 3,863)
North Carolina 1,594 (1,422 - 1,781) 60 (50 - 71) 348 (312 - 386) 1,186 (1,029 - 1,360) 1,534 (1,364 - 1,719)
North Dakota 173 (160 - 187) 6 (5 - 7) 53 (50 - 56) 114 (102 - 127) 167 (154 - 181)
Ohio 2,432 (2,304 - 2,565) 103   (92 - 114) 566 (542 - 590) 1,763 (1,641 - 1,891) 2,329 (2,202 - 2,462)
Oklahoma 634 (567 - 707) 25 (20 - 30) 160 (143 - 177) 450 (389 - 517) 610 (543 - 682)
Oregon 741 (667 - 820) 27 (23 - 32) 170 (156 - 185) 543 (476 - 618) 714 (641 - 792)
Pennsylvania 2,673 (2,530 - 2,821) 100   (89 - 113) 611 (580 - 641) 1,962 (1,828 - 2,102) 2,572 (2,431 - 2,719)
Rhode Island 246 (224 - 271) 10   (8 - 12) 66 (60 - 71) 171 (151 - 193) 237 (214 - 261)
South Carolina 782 (700 - 870) 25 (21 - 31) 160 (142 - 178) 597 (523 - 678) 756 (675 - 844)
South Dakota 186 (170 - 202) 7 (6 - 8) 48 (45 - 52) 130 (116 - 146) 179 (163 - 195)
Tennessee 961    (857 - 1,073) 40 (33 - 48) 212 (190 - 235) 709 (616 - 814) 921    (818 - 1,031)
Texas 4,422 (4,177 - 4,677) 189 (168 - 212) 1,054 (1,000 - 1,109) 3,180 (2,948 - 3,424) 4,234 (3,989 - 4,488)
Utah 316 (275 - 361) 15 (12 - 19) 89   (76 - 104) 212 (177 - 252) 301 (261 - 346)
Vermont 136 (123 - 149) 6 (5 - 7) 36 (34 - 39) 93   (82 - 106) 129 (117 - 143)
Virginia 1,490 (1,339 - 1,654) 57 (48 - 68) 357 (325 - 390) 1,076    (939 - 1,227) 1,433 (1,284 - 1,594)
Washington 1,141 (1,023 - 1,268) 45 (37 - 55) 280 (254 - 305) 816 (710 - 934) 1,096    (979 - 1,221)
West Virginia 297 (265 - 332) 12 (10 - 15) 67 (60 - 74) 218 (189 - 251) 285 (253 - 320)
Wisconsin 1,320 (1,199 - 1,448) 53 (44 - 63) 315 (292 - 338) 952    (841 - 1,073) 1,267 (1,148 - 1,393)
Wyoming 108   (97 - 119) 5 (4 - 6) 27 (24 - 29) 76 (66 - 87) 103   (92 - 114)
130117
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 104,060 (102,737 - 105,386) 9,941   (9,783 - 10,101) 10,866 (10,649 - 11,086) 83,253 (81,978 - 84,529) 94,119 (92,805 - 95,435)
Northeast 18,300 (17,828 - 18,774) 1,669 (1,619 - 1,720) 1,787 (1,717 - 1,859) 14,844 (14,392 - 15,299) 16,631 (16,167 - 17,097)
Midwest 21,150 (20,726 - 21,576) 2,067 (2,018 - 2,117) 2,064 (2,003 - 2,126) 17,019 (16,612 - 17,425) 19,083 (18,666 - 19,502)
South 39,885 (39,158 - 40,616) 3,795 (3,712 - 3,879) 4,253 (4,146 - 4,361) 31,837 (31,148 - 32,532) 36,090 (35,379 - 36,805)
West 24,726 (24,147 - 25,307) 2,410 (2,334 - 2,487) 2,762 (2,664 - 2,861) 19,554 (18,998 - 20,111) 22,315 (21,749 - 22,883)
Alabama 1,755 (1,635 - 1,877) 167 (153 - 181) 183 (166 - 202) 1,405 (1,293 - 1,518) 1,588 (1,472 - 1,706)
Alaska 211 (194 - 228) 26 (24 - 28) 21 (19 - 24) 163 (148 - 179) 185 (169 - 201)
Arizona 2,192 (2,034 - 2,352) 201 (182 - 221) 245 (219 - 273) 1,745 (1,601 - 1,891) 1,990 (1,838 - 2,146)
Arkansas 958    (890 - 1,027) 91 (83 - 99) 101   (91 - 111) 765 (702 - 830) 866 (801 - 934)
California 13,108 (12,616 - 13,603) 1,335 (1,269 - 1,403) 1,553 (1,472 - 1,637) 10,220   (9,750 - 10,693) 11,773 (11,292 - 12,257)
Colorado 1,532 (1,417 - 1,650) 142 (129 - 155) 136 (118 - 154) 1,255 (1,148 - 1,364) 1,390 (1,279 - 1,506)
Connecticut 1,160 (1,075 - 1,246) 108   (98 - 118) 108   (96 - 121) 943    (864 - 1,025) 1,051    (969 - 1,136)
Delaware 300 (278 - 323) 29 (27 - 32) 30 (27 - 34) 241 (220 - 262) 271 (249 - 293)
District of Columbia 208 (193 - 224) 17 (15 - 18) 27 (24 - 30) 165 (150 - 180) 192 (177 - 207)
Florida 6,740 (6,485 - 6,996) 560 (532 - 589) 659 (625 - 695) 5,520 (5,275 - 5,768) 6,180 (5,928 - 6,433)
Georgia 3,466 (3,236 - 3,699) 375 (346 - 403) 365 (330 - 402) 2,727 (2,513 - 2,943) 3,092 (2,868 - 3,318)
Hawaii 437 (401 - 473) 39 (36 - 43) 41 (36 - 46) 356 (323 - 390) 397 (363 - 433)
Idaho 516 (483 - 550) 49 (45 - 53) 55 (49 - 61) 412 (381 - 444) 467 (435 - 500)
Illinois 4,282 (4,115 - 4,451) 423 (402 - 443) 457 (430 - 485) 3,402 (3,243 - 3,564) 3,859 (3,695 - 4,025)
Indiana 2,068 (1,925 - 2,214) 202 (185 - 221) 197 (176 - 220) 1,668 (1,535 - 1,804) 1,865 (1,726 - 2,008)
Iowa 916 (849 - 985) 94   (87 - 103) 82 (72 - 93) 740 (677 - 804) 821 (757 - 889)
Kansas 847 (780 - 916) 81 (73 - 89) 78 (67 - 90) 688 (627 - 751) 766 (701 - 832)
Kentucky 1,476 (1,368 - 1,584) 146 (135 - 158) 139 (124 - 154) 1,190 (1,089 - 1,294) 1,329 (1,224 - 1,436)
Louisiana 1,606 (1,500 - 1,713) 163 (150 - 177) 201 (183 - 220) 1,241 (1,144 - 1,339) 1,442 (1,340 - 1,546)
Maine 428 (394 - 462) 37 (33 - 40) 31 (27 - 35) 360 (328 - 393) 391 (359 - 425)
Maryland 1,972 (1,830 - 2,117) 195 (178 - 212) 215 (194 - 237) 1,562 (1,430 - 1,697) 1,777 (1,639 - 1,918)
Massachusetts 1,921 (1,759 - 2,090) 169 (152 - 188) 184 (160 - 211) 1,568 (1,416 - 1,726) 1,752 (1,594 - 1,916)
Michigan 3,268 (3,138 - 3,400) 318 (303 - 335) 330 (311 - 349) 2,620 (2,495 - 2,747) 2,950 (2,822 - 3,080)
Minnesota 1,575 (1,447 - 1,708) 156 (142 - 171) 161 (142 - 181) 1,258 (1,140 - 1,382) 1,419 (1,295 - 1,548)
Mississippi 1,134 (1,064 - 1,204) 121 (112 - 130) 139 (127 - 151) 874 (809 - 939) 1,013    (945 - 1,081)
Missouri 1,906 (1,769 - 2,048) 179 (163 - 197) 169 (150 - 190) 1,557 (1,428 - 1,690) 1,726 (1,593 - 1,865)
Montana 319 (296 - 343) 27 (24 - 30) 30 (27 - 34) 262 (240 - 284) 292 (269 - 315)
Nebraska 525 (483 - 569) 52 (47 - 57) 55 (48 - 62) 418 (379 - 459) 473 (432 - 516)
Nevada 966    (898 - 1,034) 88 (80 - 95) 92   (83 - 102) 786 (722 - 851) 878 (812 - 945)
New Hampshire 364 (334 - 396) 34 (31 - 38) 27 (23 - 31) 303 (274 - 333) 330 (300 - 361)
New Jersey 3,130 (2,893 - 3,370) 278 (255 - 302) 285 (256 - 316) 2,567 (2,342 - 2,795) 2,852 (2,621 - 3,087)
New Mexico 767 (719 - 816) 66 (61 - 72) 87 (78 - 96) 614 (569 - 659) 701 (654 - 749)
New York 6,876 (6,591 - 7,164) 635 (605 - 666) 718 (673 - 764) 5,523 (5,250 - 5,799) 6,241 (5,960 - 6,525)
North Carolina 3,301 (3,067 - 3,539) 300 (277 - 324) 334 (302 - 368) 2,667 (2,447 - 2,889) 3,001 (2,771 - 3,234)
North Dakota 193 (178 - 209) 17 (16 - 19) 22 (19 - 25) 153 (139 - 168) 175 (161 - 191)
Ohio 3,701 (3,546 - 3,858) 354 (337 - 372) 335 (315 - 356) 3,012 (2,863 - 3,162) 3,347 (3,195 - 3,501)
Oklahoma 1,292 (1,197 - 1,389) 117 (106 - 129) 138 (122 - 156) 1,037    (950 - 1,125) 1,175 (1,083 - 1,269)
Oregon 1,211 (1,116 - 1,309) 100   (90 - 110) 109   (97 - 122) 1,002    (913 - 1,095) 1,111 (1,019 - 1,208)
Pennsylvania 3,881 (3,703 - 4,063) 357 (338 - 377) 382 (356 - 410) 3,142 (2,971 - 3,316) 3,524 (3,349 - 3,703)
Rhode Island 343 (317 - 371) 33 (30 - 36) 37 (33 - 42) 273 (249 - 298) 310 (284 - 337)
South Carolina 1,608 (1,502 - 1,715) 150 (138 - 163) 165 (149 - 182) 1,292 (1,194 - 1,391) 1,457 (1,354 - 1,561)
South Dakota 228 (210 - 248) 22 (20 - 24) 21 (18 - 24) 185 (168 - 203) 206 (188 - 225)
Tennessee 2,321 (2,171 - 2,474) 206 (190 - 223) 221 (200 - 244) 1,893 (1,750 - 2,038) 2,115 (1,967 - 2,266)
Texas 8,441 (8,115 - 8,768) 858 (819 - 897) 1,000    (946 - 1,055) 6,583 (6,276 - 6,891) 7,583 (7,265 - 7,903)
Utah 1,070 (1,006 - 1,133) 124 (114 - 133) 168 (151 - 185) 778 (721 - 835) 946    (884 - 1,007)
Vermont 197 (181 - 213) 17 (15 - 19) 14 (12 - 17) 165 (150 - 181) 180 (164 - 196)
Virginia 2,675 (2,487 - 2,867) 246 (225 - 268) 273 (245 - 304) 2,156 (1,981 - 2,334) 2,430 (2,246 - 2,616)
Washington 2,223 (2,066 - 2,383) 198 (180 - 216) 208 (185 - 231) 1,817 (1,671 - 1,966) 2,025 (1,872 - 2,181)
West Virginia 632 (585 - 680) 54 (49 - 58) 60 (53 - 66) 519 (475 - 564) 578 (533 - 625)
Wisconsin 1,641 (1,508 - 1,779) 167 (151 - 183) 158 (140 - 178) 1,316 (1,193 - 1,445) 1,474 (1,346 - 1,609)
Wyoming 175 (162 - 189) 16 (14 - 17) 16 (14 - 19) 143 (130 - 156) 159 (147 - 172)
130117
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 10,417 (10,180 - 10,656) 6,939 (6,742 - 7,141)
Northeast 2,088 (2,028 - 2,149) 1,404 (1,348 - 1,461)
Midwest 2,410 (2,351 - 2,470) 1,675 (1,624 - 1,726)
South 3,494 (3,402 - 3,586) 2,262 (2,185 - 2,340)
West 2,425 (2,341 - 2,511) 1,599 (1,526 - 1,675)
Alabama 133 (120 - 148) 84 (73 - 96)
Alaska 24 (22 - 27) 17 (15 - 20)
Arizona 224 (201 - 249) 138 (120 - 158)
Arkansas 85 (77 - 94) 55 (48 - 62)
California 1,269 (1,197 - 1,344) 838 (777 - 903)
Colorado 182 (167 - 198) 119 (106 - 133)
Connecticut 139 (128 - 152) 105   (94 - 116)
Delaware 32 (29 - 35) 23 (20 - 26)
District of Columbia 23 (21 - 25) 15 (13 - 17)
Florida 580 (549 - 611) 371 (344 - 399)
Georgia 291 (262 - 322) 179 (157 - 204)
Hawaii 31 (28 - 35) 22 (19 - 25)
Idaho 40 (35 - 44) 27 (24 - 31)
Illinois 463 (440 - 486) 327 (307 - 348)
Indiana 207 (186 - 229) 141 (124 - 160)
Iowa 106   (96 - 116) 77 (69 - 86)
Kansas 93   (84 - 103) 64 (57 - 73)
Kentucky 126 (113 - 141) 85 (74 - 97)
Louisiana 171 (156 - 187) 102   (90 - 116)
Maine 45 (40 - 49) 30 (27 - 34)
Maryland 207 (189 - 226) 132 (117 - 149)
Massachusetts 263 (242 - 286) 183 (163 - 204)
Michigan 381 (364 - 399) 244 (228 - 261)
Minnesota 185 (168 - 202) 136 (122 - 151)
Mississippi 84 (75 - 94) 55 (48 - 64)
Missouri 202 (184 - 222) 138 (122 - 156)
Montana 39 (36 - 43) 27 (25 - 30)
Nebraska 65 (58 - 71) 43 (38 - 49)
Nevada 72 (64 - 81) 51 (44 - 58)
New Hampshire 58 (54 - 63) 42 (38 - 47)
New Jersey 275 (249 - 304) 186 (163 - 211)
New Mexico 68 (61 - 75) 44 (38 - 50)
New York 779 (740 - 819) 496 (465 - 530)
North Carolina 275 (247 - 305) 171 (149 - 195)
North Dakota 32 (30 - 35) 24 (21 - 26)
Ohio 427 (407 - 448) 306 (288 - 325)
Oklahoma 107   (95 - 120) 73 (63 - 84)
Oregon 154 (141 - 167) 101   (90 - 113)
Pennsylvania 446 (423 - 470) 306 (285 - 328)
Rhode Island 51 (47 - 55) 34 (30 - 38)
South Carolina 124 (111 - 139) 75 (64 - 86)
South Dakota 32 (29 - 35) 23 (21 - 26)
Tennessee 152 (135 - 170) 104   (91 - 120)
Texas 812 (768 - 856) 540 (501 - 581)
Utah 54 (44 - 65) 47 (39 - 57)
Vermont 31 (29 - 34) 22 (20 - 24)
Virginia 241 (217 - 267) 165 (145 - 186)
Washington 247 (226 - 269) 153 (137 - 172)
West Virginia 49 (44 - 55) 34 (29 - 39)
Wisconsin 218 (200 - 237) 151 (136 - 167)
Wyoming 20 (18 - 22) 15 (13 - 17)
130117
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 71,006 (69,785 - 72,256) 3,005 (2,902 - 3,113) 13,668 (13,442 - 13,898) 54,332 (53,163 - 55,531) 68,000 (66,787 - 69,241)
Northeast 12,186 (11,759 - 12,624) 508 (477 - 542) 2,412 (2,339 - 2,485) 9,266 (8,858 - 9,687) 11,678 (11,259 - 12,108)
Midwest 17,145 (16,741 - 17,551) 769 (734 - 805) 3,418 (3,348 - 3,488) 12,958 (12,570 - 13,352) 16,376 (15,980 - 16,773)
South 27,326 (26,678 - 27,996) 1,117 (1,064 - 1,173) 4,952 (4,838 - 5,068) 21,257 (20,630 - 21,903) 26,209 (25,574 - 26,864)
West 14,348 (13,832 - 14,880) 611 (569 - 656) 2,888 (2,787 - 2,989) 10,850 (10,357 - 11,361) 13,737 (13,231 - 14,258)
Alabama 1,249 (1,146 - 1,357) 56 (48 - 66) 237 (219 - 255) 956    (861 - 1,057) 1,193 (1,092 - 1,298)
Alaska 161 (147 - 176) 9   (7 - 10) 34 (31 - 37) 119 (106 - 132) 152 (139 - 167)
Arizona 1,445 (1,316 - 1,582) 60 (49 - 71) 278 (250 - 306) 1,108    (991 - 1,233) 1,386 (1,260 - 1,518)
Arkansas 833 (768 - 899) 35 (30 - 40) 142 (131 - 153) 655 (596 - 717) 798 (735 - 863)
California 6,753 (6,343 - 7,179) 269 (236 - 305) 1,410 (1,327 - 1,496) 5,074 (4,688 - 5,483) 6,484 (6,082 - 6,904)
Colorado 1,210 (1,103 - 1,323) 55 (47 - 64) 250 (230 - 270) 905    (808 - 1,010) 1,156 (1,051 - 1,265)
Connecticut 769 (698 - 844) 33 (28 - 40) 153 (139 - 166) 583 (517 - 653) 735 (667 - 809)
Delaware 218 (198 - 238) 9   (7 - 10) 41 (37 - 44) 168 (150 - 188) 209 (190 - 229)
District of Columbia 148 (135 - 162) 3 (3 - 4) 32 (29 - 35) 113 (101 - 126) 145 (131 - 159)
Florida 4,374 (4,144 - 4,614) 156 (139 - 173) 718 (681 - 755) 3,501 (3,279 - 3,731) 4,218 (3,990 - 4,456)
Georgia 2,415 (2,201 - 2,640) 110   (93 - 130) 421 (383 - 461) 1,884 (1,687 - 2,092) 2,305 (2,097 - 2,523)
Hawaii 253 (227 - 282) 10   (8 - 12) 50 (45 - 55) 194 (169 - 220) 244 (218 - 272)
Idaho 306 (278 - 335) 14 (12 - 17) 62 (56 - 68) 230 (205 - 256) 291 (264 - 320)
Illinois 3,135 (2,982 - 3,292) 140 (126 - 154) 639 (610 - 668) 2,356 (2,212 - 2,506) 2,995 (2,845 - 3,149)
Indiana 1,715 (1,579 - 1,857) 81 (70 - 94) 321 (297 - 346) 1,313 (1,186 - 1,445) 1,634 (1,500 - 1,773)
Iowa 714 (654 - 778) 31 (26 - 37) 141 (129 - 154) 542 (487 - 601) 684 (624 - 746)
Kansas 691 (632 - 752) 31 (26 - 37) 158 (145 - 172) 501 (449 - 557) 660 (603 - 719)
Kentucky 1,348 (1,247 - 1,452) 61 (53 - 70) 231 (215 - 247) 1,055    (960 - 1,154) 1,287 (1,188 - 1,389)
Louisiana 1,088    (993 - 1,188) 43 (36 - 51) 213 (195 - 233) 831 (744 - 923) 1,044    (952 - 1,142)
Maine 337 (306 - 370) 13 (11 - 15) 58 (53 - 63) 266 (237 - 297) 324 (293 - 356)
Maryland 1,166 (1,050 - 1,290) 44 (36 - 53) 220 (198 - 243) 902    (797 - 1,017) 1,122 (1,009 - 1,243)
Massachusetts 1,330 (1,194 - 1,475) 55 (46 - 65) 288 (260 - 317) 987    (864 - 1,122) 1,275 (1,142 - 1,417)
Michigan 2,533 (2,414 - 2,656) 114 (104 - 125) 497 (475 - 518) 1,923 (1,809 - 2,040) 2,420 (2,302 - 2,540)
Minnesota 1,291 (1,185 - 1,402) 59 (51 - 69) 284 (261 - 306) 948    (851 - 1,050) 1,231 (1,128 - 1,339)
Mississippi 735 (674 - 798) 29 (24 - 34) 138 (126 - 151) 568 (512 - 626) 706 (646 - 767)
Missouri 1,580 (1,456 - 1,710) 68 (58 - 80) 293 (270 - 317) 1,219 (1,105 - 1,339) 1,512 (1,390 - 1,638)
Montana 244 (224 - 266) 12 (10 - 14) 51 (47 - 55) 181 (162 - 201) 232 (212 - 253)
Nebraska 421 (384 - 459) 20 (17 - 23) 91   (83 - 100) 310 (276 - 345) 401 (365 - 438)
Nevada 623 (564 - 686) 25 (21 - 30) 97   (88 - 107) 501 (446 - 559) 598 (540 - 659)
New Hampshire 298 (271 - 326) 14 (11 - 16) 57 (51 - 62) 228 (203 - 254) 284 (258 - 312)
New Jersey 1,844 (1,647 - 2,056) 69 (57 - 83) 318 (288 - 349) 1,457 (1,272 - 1,659) 1,775 (1,581 - 1,984)
New Mexico 432 (391 - 476) 22 (18 - 26) 99   (90 - 108) 311 (275 - 351) 410 (370 - 452)
New York 3,974 (3,739 - 4,219) 163 (145 - 182) 852 (805 - 900) 2,959 (2,738 - 3,192) 3,812 (3,579 - 4,053)
North Carolina 2,349 (2,152 - 2,554) 99   (85 - 115) 408 (373 - 444) 1,841 (1,659 - 2,034) 2,249 (2,057 - 2,451)
North Dakota 161 (148 - 174) 7 (6 - 9) 44 (41 - 47) 109   (98 - 122) 153 (141 - 167)
Ohio 3,224 (3,087 - 3,364) 142 (129 - 155) 618 (594 - 642) 2,465 (2,332 - 2,601) 3,083 (2,948 - 3,221)
Oklahoma 971    (887 - 1,058) 43 (36 - 51) 190 (173 - 207) 737 (662 - 817) 928    (846 - 1,012)
Oregon 942    (860 - 1,027) 43 (36 - 50) 162 (148 - 176) 737 (662 - 817) 899 (820 - 981)
Pennsylvania 3,224 (3,065 - 3,387) 144 (131 - 159) 596 (567 - 625) 2,484 (2,332 - 2,641) 3,079 (2,923 - 3,241)
Rhode Island 256 (233 - 280) 10   (9 - 12) 59 (54 - 64) 187 (167 - 209) 246 (223 - 269)
South Carolina 1,154 (1,059 - 1,254) 44 (37 - 52) 205 (187 - 224) 905 (818 - 997) 1,110 (1,017 - 1,208)
South Dakota 198 (182 - 214) 10   (8 - 11) 45 (42 - 49) 143 (128 - 158) 188 (173 - 204)
Tennessee 1,721 (1,592 - 1,856) 69 (59 - 80) 282 (259 - 305) 1,370 (1,250 - 1,496) 1,652 (1,525 - 1,783)
Texas 5,290 (5,015 - 5,573) 222 (199 - 247) 1,049    (994 - 1,104) 4,020 (3,756 - 4,294) 5,068 (4,798 - 5,347)
Utah 371 (326 - 421) 19 (15 - 24) 90   (77 - 104) 263 (223 - 308) 353 (308 - 402)
Vermont 154 (140 - 169) 7 (6 - 9) 31 (29 - 34) 116 (103 - 130) 147 (133 - 162)
Virginia 1,704 (1,552 - 1,864) 72 (61 - 85) 330 (300 - 361) 1,302 (1,163 - 1,451) 1,632 (1,483 - 1,789)
Washington 1,453 (1,321 - 1,594) 67 (57 - 78) 274 (249 - 299) 1,113    (991 - 1,244) 1,387 (1,257 - 1,524)
West Virginia 565 (522 - 610) 23 (19 - 26) 94   (88 - 101) 448 (407 - 491) 543 (500 - 587)
Wisconsin 1,482 (1,355 - 1,615) 66 (56 - 77) 286 (264 - 308) 1,130 (1,012 - 1,256) 1,416 (1,291 - 1,545)
Wyoming 154 (142 - 166) 8   (7 - 10) 30 (28 - 33) 115 (104 - 126) 145 (134 - 157)
130117
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 60,002 (58,840 - 61,192) 2,389 (2,299 - 2,482) 11,809 (11,589 - 12,032) 45,804 (44,699 - 46,939) 57,613 (56,460 - 58,794)
Northeast 10,377   (9,992 - 10,774) 400 (375 - 428) 2,075 (2,000 - 2,151) 7,902 (7,523 - 8,294) 9,977   (9,595 - 10,371)
Midwest 14,410 (14,015 - 14,810) 612 (583 - 642) 2,964 (2,891 - 3,038) 10,834 (10,446 - 11,230) 13,798 (13,405 - 14,193)
South 22,999 (22,373 - 23,649) 906 (860 - 954) 4,289 (4,177 - 4,404) 17,805 (17,184 - 18,447) 22,094 (21,474 - 22,735)
West 12,215 (11,707 - 12,738) 470 (434 - 509) 2,481 (2,385 - 2,580) 9,264 (8,773 - 9,777) 11,745 (11,242 - 12,264)
Alabama 1,039    (945 - 1,139) 43 (37 - 51) 192 (174 - 210) 804 (716 - 897) 995    (902 - 1,094)
Alaska 131 (118 - 146) 6 (5 - 7) 29 (26 - 33) 96   (85 - 109) 126 (113 - 140)
Arizona 1,238 (1,116 - 1,369) 50 (41 - 61) 233 (206 - 261) 955    (844 - 1,075) 1,188 (1,068 - 1,316)
Arkansas 723 (660 - 789) 31 (26 - 36) 129 (117 - 140) 564 (506 - 625) 692 (631 - 757)
California 5,799 (5,410 - 6,206) 213 (185 - 244) 1,215 (1,137 - 1,297) 4,371 (4,003 - 4,765) 5,587 (5,201 - 5,990)
Colorado 1,008    (911 - 1,112) 38 (32 - 46) 219 (199 - 241) 751 (663 - 846) 970    (874 - 1,071)
Connecticut 639 (576 - 708) 26 (22 - 32) 132 (119 - 146) 481 (422 - 545) 613 (551 - 681)
Delaware 189 (170 - 210) 7 (6 - 8) 37 (34 - 41) 145 (128 - 164) 182 (164 - 203)
District of Columbia 136 (123 - 150) 3 (2 - 3) 29 (26 - 32) 104   (92 - 117) 133 (120 - 147)
Florida 3,676 (3,459 - 3,905) 125 (111 - 140) 614 (579 - 651) 2,937 (2,725 - 3,160) 3,551 (3,336 - 3,778)
Georgia 2,005 (1,820 - 2,200) 81 (68 - 96) 368 (331 - 407) 1,556 (1,387 - 1,736) 1,924 (1,743 - 2,116)
Hawaii 228 (201 - 258) 7 (5 - 8) 46 (41 - 51) 175 (150 - 203) 221 (195 - 251)
Idaho 262 (236 - 289) 12 (10 - 14) 54 (49 - 60) 196 (172 - 222) 250 (225 - 277)
Illinois 2,668 (2,521 - 2,821) 111 (100 - 124) 563 (534 - 592) 1,994 (1,855 - 2,141) 2,557 (2,411 - 2,708)
Indiana 1,434 (1,311 - 1,564) 64 (54 - 75) 286 (261 - 310) 1,084    (970 - 1,207) 1,370 (1,249 - 1,498)
Iowa 588 (534 - 646) 25 (21 - 30) 118 (106 - 131) 445 (396 - 498) 563 (510 - 620)
Kansas 571 (516 - 630) 26 (21 - 31) 135 (122 - 149) 410 (361 - 464) 546 (491 - 603)
Kentucky 1,128 (1,032 - 1,231) 49 (42 - 57) 200 (184 - 217) 879 (788 - 976) 1,079    (984 - 1,181)
Louisiana 936    (849 - 1,029) 35 (29 - 42) 183 (165 - 202) 718 (638 - 803) 901 (815 - 992)
Maine 296 (267 - 327) 11   (9 - 13) 54 (49 - 58) 231 (204 - 260) 285 (256 - 315)
Maryland 981    (878 - 1,094) 37 (30 - 44) 190 (169 - 213) 755 (661 - 857) 945    (843 - 1,055)
Massachusetts 1,085    (968 - 1,213) 40 (33 - 48) 230 (203 - 260) 815 (709 - 933) 1,045    (929 - 1,172)
Michigan 2,129 (2,015 - 2,248) 91   (81 - 101) 431 (410 - 452) 1,608 (1,498 - 1,723) 2,039 (1,926 - 2,156)
Minnesota 1,086    (990 - 1,188) 48 (40 - 56) 248 (226 - 270) 791 (703 - 885) 1,039    (944 - 1,138)
Mississippi 595 (537 - 655) 23 (19 - 28) 117 (105 - 129) 454 (403 - 510) 571 (515 - 630)
Missouri 1,324 (1,207 - 1,448) 56 (47 - 66) 249 (225 - 272) 1,020    (911 - 1,136) 1,268 (1,153 - 1,389)
Montana 187 (169 - 207) 8   (7 - 10) 40 (36 - 44) 138 (122 - 157) 179 (161 - 198)
Nebraska 356 (321 - 394) 15 (13 - 18) 78 (70 - 86) 263 (232 - 297) 341 (306 - 377)
Nevada 558 (497 - 623) 21 (18 - 26) 85 (75 - 95) 452 (395 - 514) 537 (477 - 601)
New Hampshire 249 (223 - 276) 10   (9 - 12) 48 (43 - 54) 190 (167 - 216) 238 (213 - 266)
New Jersey 1,610 (1,429 - 1,808) 52 (43 - 64) 288 (258 - 319) 1,270 (1,099 - 1,460) 1,558 (1,378 - 1,754)
New Mexico 365 (328 - 405) 18 (15 - 21) 86 (77 - 96) 261 (229 - 297) 348 (311 - 386)
New York 3,465 (3,246 - 3,693) 129 (114 - 146) 740 (694 - 787) 2,595 (2,386 - 2,817) 3,335 (3,119 - 3,562)
North Carolina 1,979 (1,791 - 2,179) 80 (68 - 95) 361 (326 - 397) 1,538 (1,365 - 1,723) 1,899 (1,714 - 2,096)
North Dakota 133 (120 - 147) 6 (5 - 7) 36 (33 - 40) 91   (80 - 104) 127 (115 - 141)
Ohio 2,677 (2,546 - 2,814) 109   (98 - 120) 523 (499 - 548) 2,045 (1,919 - 2,176) 2,569 (2,438 - 2,704)
Oklahoma 804 (727 - 886) 36 (30 - 43) 165 (148 - 182) 603 (534 - 678) 768 (692 - 849)
Oregon 772 (696 - 854) 28 (23 - 34) 133 (119 - 146) 611 (540 - 689) 744 (668 - 825)
Pennsylvania 2,693 (2,548 - 2,844) 118 (106 - 130) 507 (478 - 536) 2,069 (1,931 - 2,214) 2,576 (2,433 - 2,725)
Rhode Island 220 (198 - 243) 8   (7 - 10) 50 (45 - 55) 162 (142 - 183) 212 (190 - 235)
South Carolina 991    (903 - 1,085) 36 (31 - 43) 181 (164 - 198) 774 (691 - 862) 955    (867 - 1,047)
South Dakota 160 (145 - 176) 8 (7 - 9) 37 (33 - 40) 116 (102 - 131) 152 (137 - 168)
Tennessee 1,445 (1,319 - 1,578) 56 (47 - 66) 239 (217 - 262) 1,150 (1,033 - 1,275) 1,389 (1,265 - 1,520)
Texas 4,463 (4,209 - 4,724) 185 (164 - 209) 913 (860 - 967) 3,365 (3,127 - 3,616) 4,278 (4,028 - 4,536)
Utah 321 (280 - 366) 15 (11 - 19) 81 (69 - 95) 225 (190 - 265) 307 (266 - 351)
Vermont 120 (108 - 134) 5 (4 - 6) 26 (24 - 29) 89   (77 - 102) 115 (103 - 129)
Virginia 1,464 (1,317 - 1,622) 62 (52 - 73) 290 (260 - 322) 1,112    (979 - 1,257) 1,402 (1,258 - 1,557)
Washington 1,226 (1,108 - 1,354) 50 (41 - 60) 233 (210 - 258) 943    (835 - 1,060) 1,177 (1,060 - 1,302)
West Virginia 446 (408 - 487) 17 (15 - 20) 82 (75 - 88) 347 (311 - 386) 429 (391 - 469)
Wisconsin 1,282 (1,164 - 1,406) 54 (46 - 64) 260 (238 - 282) 967    (859 - 1,084) 1,227 (1,111 - 1,350)
Wyoming 119 (108 - 130) 6 (5 - 6) 25 (23 - 27) 88 (79 - 99) 113 (103 - 124)
130117
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 183,240 (182,106 - 184,345) 17,332 (17,186 - 17,477) 22,909 (22,715 - 23,101) 142,998 (141,904 - 144,061) 165,908 (164,778 - 167,007)
Northeast 35,024 (34,609 - 35,426) 3,158 (3,111 - 3,203) 4,314 (4,242 - 4,384) 27,553 (27,166 - 27,925) 31,867 (31,460 - 32,260)
Midwest 38,832 (38,399 - 39,257) 3,776 (3,726 - 3,825) 4,808 (4,733 - 4,881) 30,248 (29,842 - 30,644) 35,056 (34,631 - 35,473)
South 65,851 (65,187 - 66,498) 6,153 (6,074 - 6,231) 8,104 (7,987 - 8,217) 51,594 (50,970 - 52,200) 59,698 (59,041 - 60,337)
West 43,532 (42,977 - 44,071) 4,245 (4,176 - 4,313) 5,684 (5,584 - 5,782) 33,603 (33,080 - 34,105) 39,287 (38,741 - 39,814)
Alabama 2,620 (2,514 - 2,720) 242 (228 - 255) 330 (312 - 346) 2,048 (1,948 - 2,142) 2,378 (2,274 - 2,476)
Alaska 388 (372 - 402) 44 (42 - 46) 51 (48 - 53) 292 (278 - 306) 343 (328 - 357)
Arizona 3,871 (3,731 - 4,002) 383 (364 - 401) 467 (441 - 492) 3,021 (2,892 - 3,139) 3,488 (3,352 - 3,615)
Arkansas 1,618 (1,554 - 1,678) 153 (146 - 160) 196 (185 - 205) 1,269 (1,209 - 1,325) 1,464 (1,402 - 1,523)
California 23,044 (22,602 - 23,465) 2,279 (2,219 - 2,337) 3,145 (3,064 - 3,223) 17,619 (17,198 - 18,014) 20,764 (20,329 - 21,177)
Colorado 3,012 (2,913 - 3,104) 269 (256 - 282) 361 (343 - 378) 2,381 (2,290 - 2,465) 2,742 (2,646 - 2,833)
Connecticut 2,262 (2,190 - 2,328) 210 (200 - 219) 262 (250 - 273) 1,790 (1,723 - 1,851) 2,052 (1,982 - 2,116)
Delaware 543 (523 - 561) 51 (48 - 53) 66 (63 - 69) 426 (407 - 442) 492 (473 - 510)
District of Columbia 397 (384 - 409) 25 (24 - 26) 64 (61 - 67) 308 (295 - 318) 372 (359 - 384)
Florida 11,535 (11,300 - 11,761) 962 (934 - 989) 1,253 (1,217 - 1,287) 9,320 (9,096 - 9,533) 10,573 (10,341 - 10,795)
Georgia 5,584 (5,378 - 5,777) 567 (539 - 593) 692 (657 - 725) 4,325 (4,133 - 4,503) 5,017 (4,816 - 5,205)
Hawaii 774 (742 - 804) 70 (67 - 73) 91 (87 - 96) 613 (582 - 641) 704 (673 - 734)
Idaho 904 (874 - 931) 94 (90 - 98) 116 (110 - 121) 694 (666 - 719) 810 (781 - 837)
Illinois 7,816 (7,662 - 7,965) 749 (729 - 768) 1,003    (975 - 1,029) 6,064 (5,918 - 6,204) 7,067 (6,915 - 7,214)
Indiana 3,655 (3,507 - 3,794) 366 (348 - 382) 456 (433 - 478) 2,833 (2,695 - 2,962) 3,289 (3,144 - 3,425)
Iowa 1,715 (1,650 - 1,777) 165 (157 - 172) 218 (205 - 229) 1,332 (1,272 - 1,389) 1,550 (1,487 - 1,610)
Kansas 1,579 (1,514 - 1,640) 152 (144 - 160) 203 (190 - 215) 1,223 (1,164 - 1,279) 1,426 (1,363 - 1,486)
Kentucky 2,282 (2,177 - 2,383) 218 (206 - 230) 251 (235 - 266) 1,813 (1,713 - 1,908) 2,064 (1,961 - 2,162)
Louisiana 2,592 (2,500 - 2,678) 249 (236 - 262) 362 (345 - 378) 1,981 (1,895 - 2,059) 2,342 (2,252 - 2,426)
Maine 810 (780 - 839) 71 (68 - 75) 82 (78 - 86) 657 (628 - 683) 739 (709 - 767)
Maryland 3,421 (3,295 - 3,538) 323 (306 - 338) 413 (391 - 434) 2,685 (2,567 - 2,793) 3,098 (2,975 - 3,213)
Massachusetts 4,008 (3,857 - 4,149) 353 (335 - 370) 525 (498 - 550) 3,129 (2,990 - 3,259) 3,655 (3,507 - 3,792)
Michigan 5,953 (5,824 - 6,077) 576 (560 - 592) 714 (694 - 734) 4,662 (4,539 - 4,780) 5,376 (5,250 - 5,499)
Minnesota 3,091 (2,980 - 3,197) 298 (284 - 311) 379 (358 - 399) 2,414 (2,310 - 2,511) 2,793 (2,684 - 2,897)
Mississippi 1,673 (1,608 - 1,734) 170 (161 - 178) 221 (209 - 233) 1,282 (1,222 - 1,337) 1,503 (1,440 - 1,562)
Missouri 3,364 (3,231 - 3,491) 327 (310 - 343) 403 (381 - 425) 2,634 (2,509 - 2,750) 3,037 (2,907 - 3,160)
Montana 586 (564 - 606) 53 (50 - 55) 72 (68 - 76) 461 (440 - 479) 533 (511 - 552)
Nebraska 1,028    (988 - 1,066) 99   (94 - 104) 136 (128 - 144) 792 (755 - 826) 929 (890 - 966)
Nevada 1,540 (1,480 - 1,596) 151 (143 - 158) 168 (158 - 177) 1,221 (1,165 - 1,273) 1,389 (1,330 - 1,444)
New Hampshire 831 (803 - 858) 73 (69 - 76) 91 (86 - 95) 668 (641 - 692) 758 (731 - 784)
New Jersey 5,570 (5,364 - 5,758) 526 (503 - 547) 625 (595 - 653) 4,418 (4,224 - 4,593) 5,044 (4,842 - 5,228)
New Mexico 1,225 (1,184 - 1,264) 116 (110 - 121) 165 (158 - 173) 944 (906 - 979) 1,109 (1,069 - 1,147)
New York 12,955 (12,719 - 13,178) 1,143 (1,114 - 1,171) 1,682 (1,638 - 1,723) 10,130   (9,906 - 10,340) 11,812 (11,578 - 12,032)
North Carolina 5,553 (5,356 - 5,737) 518 (495 - 540) 651 (618 - 682) 4,384 (4,198 - 4,554) 5,035 (4,841 - 5,214)
North Dakota 370 (355 - 383) 35 (33 - 36) 60 (56 - 63) 275 (262 - 288) 335 (321 - 349)
Ohio 6,643 (6,497 - 6,784) 659 (642 - 675) 787 (764 - 810) 5,197 (5,057 - 5,332) 5,984 (5,840 - 6,124)
Oklahoma 2,063 (1,975 - 2,147) 192 (180 - 202) 275 (258 - 290) 1,597 (1,516 - 1,672) 1,872 (1,786 - 1,952)
Oregon 2,294 (2,207 - 2,377) 201 (191 - 211) 264 (251 - 276) 1,830 (1,746 - 1,906) 2,093 (2,007 - 2,174)
Pennsylvania 7,500 (7,335 - 7,659) 684 (665 - 702) 905 (877 - 932) 5,911 (5,754 - 6,061) 6,816 (6,654 - 6,972)
Rhode Island 675 (652 - 697) 61 (58 - 64) 93 (89 - 97) 521 (499 - 541) 614 (591 - 636)
South Carolina 2,622 (2,528 - 2,711) 240 (228 - 251) 312 (295 - 328) 2,070 (1,982 - 2,152) 2,382 (2,290 - 2,469)
South Dakota 455 (437 - 473) 45 (43 - 47) 61 (57 - 64) 350 (333 - 366) 410 (393 - 427)
Tennessee 3,623 (3,487 - 3,754) 322 (305 - 339) 413 (392 - 434) 2,888 (2,758 - 3,008) 3,301 (3,167 - 3,428)
Texas 13,990 (13,701 - 14,268) 1,406 (1,365 - 1,445) 1,923 (1,871 - 1,973) 10,661 (10,390 - 10,919) 12,584 (12,301 - 12,855)
Utah 1,607 (1,556 - 1,654) 191 (183 - 198) 275 (261 - 287) 1,141 (1,097 - 1,182) 1,416 (1,367 - 1,461)
Vermont 414 (400 - 426) 36 (35 - 38) 49 (47 - 51) 328 (315 - 340) 377 (364 - 390)
Virginia 4,683 (4,519 - 4,837) 426 (406 - 445) 568 (538 - 597) 3,688 (3,537 - 3,828) 4,257 (4,096 - 4,406)
Washington 3,978 (3,838 - 4,111) 364 (346 - 381) 469 (446 - 491) 3,146 (3,013 - 3,268) 3,615 (3,477 - 3,743)
West Virginia 1,055 (1,012 - 1,096) 89 (85 - 94) 114 (107 - 120) 852 (811 - 890) 965    (923 - 1,005)
Wisconsin 3,164 (3,028 - 3,295) 306 (289 - 322) 387 (367 - 407) 2,471 (2,342 - 2,592) 2,858 (2,725 - 2,986)
Wyoming 310 (298 - 321) 30 (29 - 31) 39 (37 - 41) 241 (230 - 251) 280 (268 - 291)
130117
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 18,582 (18,020 - 19,160) 1,294 (1,227 - 1,364) 5,626 (5,464 - 5,791) 11,662 (11,145 - 12,203) 17,289 (16,728 - 17,867)
Northeast 3,329 (3,136 - 3,535) 218 (199 - 239) 1,053    (994 - 1,114) 2,058 (1,883 - 2,249) 3,111 (2,923 - 3,313)
Midwest 4,478 (4,282 - 4,679) 317 (296 - 340) 1,385 (1,325 - 1,447) 2,775 (2,598 - 2,964) 4,160 (3,969 - 4,357)
South 6,285 (5,985 - 6,600) 416 (385 - 448) 1,813 (1,722 - 1,909) 4,056 (3,777 - 4,353) 5,869 (5,577 - 6,177)
West 4,490 (4,231 - 4,763) 343 (311 - 377) 1,375 (1,293 - 1,461) 2,773 (2,542 - 3,023) 4,148 (3,895 - 4,414)
Alabama 241 (201 - 287) 17 (13 - 23) 65 (55 - 78) 158 (124 - 199) 223 (185 - 268)
Alaska 42 (35 - 50) 3 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 16) 25 (20 - 32) 38 (32 - 46)
Arizona 409 (344 - 485) 32 (25 - 42) 118   (99 - 139) 259 (205 - 325) 377 (315 - 450)
Arkansas 161 (137 - 189) 12 (10 - 16) 48 (41 - 56) 101   (81 - 125) 149 (126 - 175)
California 2,283 (2,075 - 2,508) 179 (154 - 209) 714 (650 - 784) 1,389 (1,207 - 1,595) 2,103 (1,902 - 2,322)
Colorado 365 (314 - 423) 27 (21 - 33) 117 (101 - 134) 222 (179 - 273) 339 (289 - 395)
Connecticut 239 (204 - 280) 18 (14 - 23) 69 (60 - 80) 152 (122 - 189) 221 (188 - 260)
Delaware 52 (44 - 62) 3 (3 - 4) 16 (14 - 19) 33 (26 - 41) 49 (41 - 58)
District of Columbia 48 (41 - 56) 1 (1 - 2) 16 (14 - 19) 31 (25 - 38) 47 (40 - 55)
Florida 1,103    (991 - 1,227) 66 (56 - 77) 273 (247 - 301) 764 (662 - 880) 1,037    (929 - 1,159)
Georgia 494 (410 - 593) 32 (24 - 41) 137 (115 - 162) 325 (254 - 415) 462 (381 - 558)
Hawaii 87   (71 - 107) 5 (4 - 7) 23 (19 - 27) 59 (45 - 77) 82   (66 - 101)
Idaho 86   (74 - 101) 8   (6 - 10) 28 (23 - 32) 51 (41 - 64) 79 (67 - 93)
Illinois 872 (793 - 958) 56 (48 - 65) 269 (246 - 294) 547 (478 - 626) 816 (740 - 900)
Indiana 362 (305 - 429) 28 (22 - 36) 111   (95 - 131) 222 (175 - 281) 334 (279 - 398)
Iowa 206 (175 - 240) 15 (12 - 19) 63 (54 - 73) 127 (102 - 158) 190 (161 - 223)
Kansas 187 (160 - 218) 14 (11 - 18) 65 (56 - 76) 108   (87 - 134) 173 (148 - 203)
Kentucky 199 (166 - 240) 14 (11 - 18) 57 (47 - 68) 129 (100 - 164) 185 (154 - 224)
Louisiana 252 (212 - 299) 15 (12 - 20) 74 (62 - 87) 163 (130 - 205) 237 (199 - 283)
Maine 78 (66 - 92) 5 (4 - 7) 23 (20 - 26) 50 (40 - 62) 72 (61 - 86)
Maryland 359 (302 - 427) 22 (17 - 28) 104   (88 - 122) 234 (185 - 294) 338 (282 - 403)
Massachusetts 447 (380 - 524) 27 (21 - 34) 142 (122 - 164) 278 (222 - 348) 420 (355 - 495)
Michigan 644 (586 - 707) 47 (41 - 54) 191 (175 - 208) 406 (355 - 464) 597 (541 - 659)
Minnesota 430 (369 - 500) 29 (23 - 36) 135 (118 - 154) 267 (215 - 330) 402 (343 - 469)
Mississippi 148 (123 - 176) 10   (8 - 13) 47 (39 - 55) 91   (72 - 116) 138 (114 - 165)
Missouri 375 (319 - 437) 28 (22 - 36) 115   (99 - 133) 232 (185 - 288) 347 (294 - 407)
Montana 74 (63 - 85) 5 (4 - 7) 25 (22 - 28) 44 (35 - 54) 68 (58 - 79)
Nebraska 124 (106 - 144) 9   (7 - 12) 40 (35 - 47) 74 (60 - 92) 115   (98 - 134)
Nevada 166 (140 - 198) 13 (10 - 17) 42 (36 - 50) 111   (88 - 139) 153 (128 - 183)
New Hampshire 86   (74 - 101) 6 (5 - 8) 27 (23 - 31) 53 (43 - 66) 80 (68 - 94)
New Jersey 489 (408 - 586) 32 (25 - 41) 144 (123 - 167) 313 (245 - 399) 457 (379 - 551)
New Mexico 127 (109 - 148) 10   (8 - 12) 43 (37 - 50) 75 (60 - 93) 117 (100 - 138)
New York 1,154 (1,038 - 1,281) 74 (63 - 87) 377 (343 - 414) 702 (600 - 821) 1,080    (967 - 1,204)
North Carolina 510 (430 - 604) 31 (24 - 40) 151 (128 - 177) 328 (260 - 411) 479 (402 - 570)
North Dakota 50 (43 - 57) 3 (3 - 4) 20 (17 - 23) 26 (21 - 32) 46 (40 - 53)
Ohio 756 (691 - 827) 53 (46 - 61) 219 (201 - 239) 483 (425 - 549) 703 (639 - 772)
Oklahoma 205 (173 - 242) 14 (11 - 18) 69 (58 - 81) 122   (97 - 153) 191 (161 - 226)
Oregon 247 (210 - 289) 17 (14 - 22) 69 (59 - 79) 161 (128 - 200) 229 (194 - 271)
Pennsylvania 727 (655 - 808) 48 (41 - 57) 235 (214 - 258) 444 (381 - 517) 679 (609 - 758)
Rhode Island 69 (59 - 82) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (19 - 26) 42 (34 - 53) 65 (55 - 77)
South Carolina 268 (226 - 318) 16 (12 - 20) 73 (62 - 85) 180 (143 - 224) 253 (212 - 300)
South Dakota 59 (51 - 68) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (18 - 23) 34 (28 - 43) 55 (47 - 64)
Tennessee 342 (288 - 406) 22 (17 - 28) 98   (83 - 114) 223 (177 - 279) 320 (268 - 382)
Texas 1,314 (1,189 - 1,451) 103   (88 - 120) 402 (363 - 444) 810 (700 - 935) 1,212 (1,090 - 1,345)
Utah 135 (113 - 161) 10   (8 - 13) 48 (39 - 58) 77 (60 - 99) 125 (104 - 150)
Vermont 40 (34 - 47) 3 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 15) 24 (19 - 30) 37 (32 - 44)
Virginia 489 (416 - 575) 32 (25 - 40) 156 (133 - 181) 302 (241 - 377) 458 (387 - 540)
Washington 431 (369 - 502) 29 (23 - 37) 124 (107 - 144) 278 (226 - 340) 402 (343 - 470)
West Virginia 99   (83 - 118) 6 (5 - 8) 29 (25 - 34) 63 (50 - 80) 92   (77 - 111)
Wisconsin 413 (357 - 476) 30 (24 - 38) 135 (119 - 153) 248 (199 - 307) 383 (328 - 444)
Wyoming 38 (33 - 45) 3 (3 - 4) 12 (10 - 13) 24 (19 - 29) 35 (30 - 41)
130117
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,647 (8,252 - 9,059) 512 (471 - 556) 2,390 (2,283 - 2,502) 5,745 (5,372 - 6,142) 8,135 (7,741 - 8,548)
Northeast 1,578 (1,455 - 1,711) 87 (76 - 98) 439 (404 - 478) 1,052    (937 - 1,181) 1,491 (1,370 - 1,624)
Midwest 1,945 (1,823 - 2,074) 118 (107 - 131) 550 (514 - 588) 1,277 (1,162 - 1,403) 1,827 (1,706 - 1,955)
South 3,041 (2,841 - 3,257) 176 (158 - 195) 789 (734 - 848) 2,076 (1,885 - 2,287) 2,866 (2,667 - 3,079)
West 2,082 (1,914 - 2,263) 131 (114 - 151) 612 (559 - 669) 1,339 (1,186 - 1,512) 1,951 (1,785 - 2,131)
Alabama 119   (96 - 147) 8   (6 - 10) 29 (22 - 37) 82   (62 - 109) 111   (89 - 139)
Alaska 20 (17 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 19 (16 - 23)
Arizona 178 (147 - 217) 12   (9 - 17) 49 (39 - 62) 117   (89 - 153) 166 (135 - 204)
Arkansas 81 (67 - 98) 5 (3 - 6) 23 (18 - 29) 54 (42 - 69) 77 (63 - 93)
California 1,091    (960 - 1,239) 70 (56 - 86) 332 (289 - 381) 690 (572 - 831) 1,022    (892 - 1,169)
Colorado 150 (124 - 182) 9   (7 - 12) 46 (36 - 57) 96   (74 - 125) 142 (116 - 173)
Connecticut 102   (84 - 123) 6 (5 - 8) 28 (22 - 35) 68 (52 - 88) 96   (78 - 117)
Delaware 24 (20 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (18 - 28)
District of Columbia 25 (20 - 30) 0 (0 - 1) 8   (6 - 10) 16 (12 - 21) 24 (20 - 30)
Florida 533 (461 - 616) 28 (22 - 34) 120 (102 - 140) 385 (318 - 466) 505 (434 - 588)
Georgia 256 (207 - 317) 15 (11 - 20) 59 (46 - 76) 182 (138 - 241) 241 (193 - 302)
Hawaii 36 (29 - 46) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 13) 25 (18 - 34) 35 (27 - 44)
Idaho 38 (32 - 46) 3 (2 - 4) 11   (9 - 14) 24 (18 - 31) 35 (29 - 43)
Illinois 391 (344 - 445) 21 (17 - 26) 116 (101 - 134) 253 (210 - 305) 370 (323 - 423)
Indiana 174 (143 - 210) 11   (9 - 15) 50 (40 - 63) 112   (86 - 146) 162 (133 - 199)
Iowa 85   (70 - 104) 6 (4 - 8) 23 (18 - 29) 57 (43 - 74) 79 (64 - 98)
Kansas 84   (69 - 101) 5 (4 - 7) 26 (21 - 33) 52 (40 - 68) 79 (64 - 96)
Kentucky 109   (90 - 133) 7 (5 - 9) 29 (22 - 37) 74 (57 - 97) 103   (83 - 126)
Louisiana 125 (103 - 151) 6 (5 - 9) 32 (25 - 41) 86   (66 - 111) 118   (97 - 145)
Maine 38 (31 - 46) 2 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 12) 26 (20 - 34) 36 (29 - 44)
Maryland 170 (140 - 207) 8   (6 - 11) 47 (37 - 59) 115   (88 - 149) 162 (132 - 199)
Massachusetts 191 (158 - 231) 10   (8 - 14) 56 (44 - 72) 125   (96 - 162) 181 (148 - 221)
Michigan 284 (249 - 323) 18 (14 - 21) 75 (65 - 86) 191 (158 - 230) 266 (231 - 306)
Minnesota 169 (140 - 205) 10   (8 - 13) 43 (34 - 54) 116   (90 - 150) 159 (130 - 194)
Mississippi 78 (63 - 95) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (18 - 30) 50 (38 - 66) 73 (59 - 91)
Missouri 154 (126 - 188) 10   (8 - 14) 41 (32 - 52) 103   (79 - 135) 144 (116 - 178)
Montana 34 (28 - 41) 2 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 15) 20 (15 - 26) 32 (26 - 39)
Nebraska 50 (42 - 60) 3 (3 - 4) 16 (13 - 21) 30 (23 - 39) 47 (38 - 56)
Nevada 72 (59 - 89) 5 (4 - 7) 16 (12 - 20) 51 (39 - 67) 67 (54 - 84)
New Hampshire 39 (32 - 47) 3 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 26 (20 - 33) 36 (29 - 44)
New Jersey 221 (175 - 278) 14 (10 - 19) 48 (37 - 62) 159 (117 - 214) 207 (162 - 264)
New Mexico 60 (49 - 73) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (16 - 25) 36 (27 - 48) 56 (46 - 69)
New York 592 (518 - 675) 31 (25 - 37) 173 (151 - 199) 388 (320 - 469) 561 (488 - 644)
North Carolina 256 (207 - 316) 13   (9 - 17) 65 (50 - 83) 178 (135 - 236) 243 (195 - 303)
North Dakota 19 (16 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 14) 18 (15 - 22)
Ohio 338 (298 - 384) 20 (16 - 24) 94   (82 - 108) 225 (188 - 268) 319 (279 - 364)
Oklahoma 101   (83 - 122) 6 (5 - 8) 31 (24 - 39) 64 (48 - 84) 94   (77 - 116)
Oregon 113   (93 - 137) 6 (5 - 8) 29 (23 - 36) 78   (61 - 101) 107   (88 - 131)
Pennsylvania 342 (298 - 393) 18 (14 - 22) 99   (85 - 115) 225 (185 - 274) 325 (281 - 375)
Rhode Island 34 (27 - 41) 2 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11) 23 (18 - 30) 32 (26 - 40)
South Carolina 131 (107 - 161) 7   (5 - 10) 30 (23 - 38) 94   (72 - 122) 124 (100 - 153)
South Dakota 23 (20 - 28) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 10) 14 (11 - 18) 22 (18 - 26)
Tennessee 168 (137 - 205) 9   (7 - 13) 43 (34 - 54) 115   (88 - 151) 158 (128 - 195)
Texas 595 (517 - 684) 43 (35 - 53) 168 (145 - 196) 383 (312 - 470) 552 (475 - 641)
Utah 71 (59 - 86) 5 (4 - 7) 24 (19 - 31) 42 (32 - 55) 66 (54 - 81)
Vermont 20 (17 - 24) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 18) 19 (16 - 23)
Virginia 222 (183 - 268) 13   (9 - 17) 63 (50 - 79) 146 (112 - 191) 209 (171 - 256)
Washington 202 (168 - 243) 12   (9 - 16) 53 (42 - 66) 137 (106 - 176) 190 (156 - 231)
West Virginia 50 (41 - 61) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 16) 34 (26 - 44) 47 (38 - 58)
Wisconsin 174 (144 - 209) 11   (8 - 15) 50 (40 - 61) 113   (87 - 146) 162 (133 - 198)
Wyoming 15 (12 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (7 - 13) 14 (11 - 17)
130117
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,939 (6,645 - 7,246) 1,123 (1,063 - 1,187) 2,595 (2,483 - 2,712) 3,220 (2,974 - 3,487) 5,815 (5,532 - 6,113)
Northeast 1,303 (1,194 - 1,423) 185 (167 - 205) 524 (485 - 566) 594 (506 - 697) 1,118 (1,014 - 1,234)
Midwest 1,465 (1,365 - 1,570) 259 (240 - 280) 544 (509 - 581) 662 (581 - 753) 1,206 (1,110 - 1,308)
South 2,542 (2,371 - 2,727) 392 (361 - 425) 896 (839 - 956) 1,255 (1,113 - 1,415) 2,151 (1,987 - 2,328)
West 1,628 (1,496 - 1,772) 287 (259 - 318) 632 (580 - 687) 709 (609 - 827) 1,341 (1,216 - 1,478)
Alabama 117   (92 - 149) 16 (12 - 20) 40 (32 - 50) 62 (42 - 90) 101   (77 - 133)
Alaska 16 (12 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 7   (4 - 10) 13   (9 - 17)
Arizona 161 (124 - 209) 25 (19 - 33) 59 (46 - 75) 77   (51 - 115) 136 (101 - 182)
Arkansas 68 (53 - 87) 11   (9 - 14) 23 (18 - 29) 35 (24 - 51) 57 (43 - 76)
California 792 (691 - 908) 148 (125 - 174) 326 (285 - 373) 318 (244 - 414) 644 (550 - 755)
Colorado 135 (104 - 173) 21 (16 - 26) 50 (39 - 62) 65 (43 - 98) 114   (85 - 152)
Connecticut 84   (67 - 105) 13 (10 - 16) 33 (27 - 41) 38 (26 - 55) 71 (55 - 91)
Delaware 22 (17 - 28) 3 (3 - 4) 8   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 15) 19 (14 - 24)
District of Columbia 22 (17 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 11) 13   (9 - 18) 21 (16 - 28)
Florida 410 (347 - 485) 59 (50 - 70) 135 (117 - 155) 216 (165 - 283) 351 (291 - 424)
Georgia 235 (181 - 303) 32 (25 - 42) 81   (64 - 103) 121   (81 - 180) 202 (151 - 269)
Hawaii 26 (20 - 36) 5 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 11) 13   (8 - 21) 22 (15 - 31)
Idaho 34 (27 - 42) 7 (5 - 9) 12 (10 - 16) 14 (10 - 22) 27 (20 - 35)
Illinois 253 (217 - 295) 46 (39 - 53) 95   (82 - 110) 112   (85 - 147) 207 (173 - 249)
Indiana 161 (127 - 203) 29 (23 - 37) 57 (46 - 71) 74   (50 - 109) 131 (100 - 172)
Iowa 42 (31 - 57) 9   (7 - 12) 17 (12 - 23) 16 (10 - 28) 33 (23 - 48)
Kansas 47 (35 - 62) 10   (8 - 14) 18 (13 - 24) 19 (11 - 30) 37 (26 - 51)
Kentucky 121   (96 - 153) 16 (12 - 20) 42 (34 - 52) 63 (44 - 91) 105   (81 - 137)
Louisiana 102   (79 - 131) 14 (11 - 18) 38 (30 - 48) 50 (33 - 74) 88   (66 - 116)
Maine 33 (26 - 42) 5 (4 - 6) 13 (10 - 16) 16 (10 - 23) 28 (21 - 37)
Maryland 131 (100 - 171) 18 (14 - 24) 48 (37 - 60) 66 (43 - 99) 113   (84 - 152)
Massachusetts 169 (134 - 214) 22 (17 - 28) 76 (60 - 95) 72   (48 - 107) 148 (114 - 191)
Michigan 245 (213 - 281) 42 (36 - 48) 90   (79 - 102) 113   (89 - 145) 203 (173 - 238)
Minnesota 120   (94 - 152) 20 (16 - 26) 46 (37 - 58) 54 (36 - 80) 100   (76 - 131)
Mississippi 56 (43 - 73) 9   (6 - 12) 22 (17 - 28) 25 (16 - 40) 48 (35 - 64)
Missouri 135 (106 - 171) 23 (18 - 30) 50 (39 - 62) 62 (42 - 92) 112   (84 - 147)
Montana 23 (18 - 30) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (7 - 16) 20 (15 - 26)
Nebraska 31 (23 - 40) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 16) 12   (8 - 19) 24 (18 - 33)
Nevada 68 (52 - 88) 12   (9 - 15) 21 (16 - 27) 35 (23 - 52) 56 (41 - 76)
New Hampshire 33 (26 - 42) 6 (4 - 7) 12   (9 - 15) 16 (11 - 24) 28 (21 - 36)
New Jersey 171 (131 - 223) 30 (24 - 39) 63 (50 - 80) 78   (49 - 121) 141 (103 - 192)
New Mexico 54 (42 - 69) 10   (8 - 13) 21 (16 - 26) 24 (15 - 36) 44 (33 - 59)
New York 506 (437 - 585) 65 (54 - 77) 202 (178 - 230) 239 (184 - 310) 441 (374 - 519)
North Carolina 181 (141 - 234) 29 (23 - 38) 67 (52 - 85) 85   (56 - 129) 152 (114 - 203)
North Dakota 11   (8 - 14) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 4 (2 - 6) 9   (7 - 12)
Ohio 287 (251 - 328) 48 (42 - 56) 105   (93 - 118) 133 (105 - 169) 238 (204 - 278)
Oklahoma 79   (60 - 103) 13 (10 - 17) 28 (22 - 37) 38 (25 - 57) 66 (48 - 89)
Oregon 108   (85 - 138) 15 (11 - 19) 37 (30 - 46) 57 (39 - 83) 94   (71 - 122)
Pennsylvania 253 (216 - 297) 39 (33 - 47) 103   (89 - 119) 111   (83 - 148) 214 (179 - 256)
Rhode Island 39 (31 - 50) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (13 - 20) 19 (13 - 28) 35 (27 - 46)
South Carolina 113   (89 - 145) 16 (13 - 21) 37 (29 - 46) 60 (42 - 87) 97   (73 - 128)
South Dakota 15 (12 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9) 12   (9 - 16)
Tennessee 146 (115 - 184) 21 (16 - 27) 51 (41 - 63) 75   (52 - 107) 125   (96 - 163)
Texas 516 (448 - 595) 101   (86 - 118) 185 (161 - 213) 230 (178 - 297) 415 (352 - 491)
Utah 63 (50 - 79) 13 (10 - 16) 27 (21 - 34) 24 (16 - 36) 51 (39 - 66)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9) 13 (10 - 16)
Virginia 179 (140 - 229) 27 (21 - 35) 69 (54 - 87) 83   (56 - 124) 152 (115 - 201)
Washington 137 (107 - 175) 25 (19 - 32) 51 (40 - 65) 61 (40 - 92) 112   (84 - 150)
West Virginia 44 (34 - 56) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 18) 23 (16 - 35) 38 (28 - 50)
Wisconsin 119   (92 - 154) 20 (15 - 26) 43 (33 - 54) 57 (37 - 86) 99   (74 - 133)
Wyoming 10   (8 - 13) 2 (2 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 11)
130117
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,787 (4,535 - 5,054) 610 (564 - 659) 1,830 (1,737 - 1,928) 2,348 (2,136 - 2,581) 4,178 (3,935 - 4,436)
Northeast 912    (823 - 1,012) 104   (92 - 118) 365 (333 - 400) 443 (369 - 532) 808 (721 - 906)
Midwest 1,014    (931 - 1,104) 142 (129 - 157) 387 (359 - 418) 485 (415 - 566) 872 (792 - 960)
South 1,731 (1,591 - 1,883) 209 (188 - 231) 631 (586 - 680) 891    (770 - 1,030) 1,522 (1,387 - 1,672)
West 1,130 (1,017 - 1,255) 155 (136 - 176) 446 (403 - 494) 529 (440 - 636) 975    (866 - 1,097)
Alabama 73 (55 - 97) 9   (7 - 12) 27 (20 - 35) 38 (24 - 58) 64 (47 - 88)
Alaska 11   (8 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 8) 9   (7 - 13)
Arizona 103   (78 - 136) 13 (10 - 18) 40 (30 - 52) 50 (32 - 77) 89   (65 - 122)
Arkansas 47 (35 - 62) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (12 - 20) 25 (17 - 38) 41 (30 - 55)
California 575 (490 - 675) 78 (63 - 96) 241 (206 - 282) 256 (191 - 342) 497 (415 - 595)
Colorado 84   (63 - 112) 11   (8 - 15) 30 (23 - 39) 43 (28 - 66) 73   (53 - 100)
Connecticut 57 (44 - 74) 7   (6 - 10) 22 (17 - 28) 27 (18 - 42) 49 (37 - 66)
Delaware 15 (11 - 20) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 18)
District of Columbia 15 (12 - 20) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 9   (6 - 13) 15 (11 - 20)
Florida 280 (232 - 337) 31 (25 - 38) 95   (80 - 112) 154 (114 - 206) 248 (202 - 306)
Georgia 158 (118 - 211) 18 (13 - 24) 53 (41 - 69) 87   (57 - 133) 140 (102 - 192)
Hawaii 18 (13 - 25) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 8) 9   (5 - 15) 15 (10 - 22)
Idaho 23 (18 - 29) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 16) 19 (14 - 25)
Illinois 180 (150 - 216) 26 (21 - 33) 69 (58 - 81) 85   (62 - 117) 154 (125 - 189)
Indiana 104   (81 - 135) 15 (11 - 20) 38 (30 - 49) 51 (34 - 76) 89   (67 - 119)
Iowa 33 (24 - 45) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 18) 14   (9 - 24) 28 (19 - 40)
Kansas 35 (25 - 49) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (10 - 19) 16   (9 - 27) 29 (20 - 43)
Kentucky 79   (61 - 104) 9   (6 - 12) 28 (22 - 36) 43 (28 - 64) 71 (53 - 95)
Louisiana 75 (57 - 99) 8   (6 - 11) 29 (22 - 38) 38 (26 - 57) 68 (50 - 91)
Maine 22 (17 - 29) 3 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 11) 11   (7 - 17) 19 (14 - 26)
Maryland 92   (68 - 124) 9   (7 - 13) 32 (25 - 43) 50 (32 - 78) 83   (60 - 114)
Massachusetts 117   (90 - 152) 13   (9 - 17) 49 (38 - 63) 55 (36 - 82) 104   (78 - 138)
Michigan 166 (141 - 196) 24 (20 - 28) 61 (53 - 71) 81   (61 - 108) 142 (118 - 172)
Minnesota 79   (61 - 103) 12   (9 - 16) 32 (25 - 42) 36 (23 - 54) 68 (50 - 91)
Mississippi 40 (29 - 54) 5 (4 - 7) 16 (12 - 21) 19 (12 - 31) 35 (25 - 49)
Missouri 93   (71 - 121) 13 (10 - 18) 35 (26 - 46) 45 (30 - 68) 79   (59 - 107)
Montana 16 (12 - 20) 2 (1 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 8   (5 - 12) 14 (10 - 19)
Nebraska 23 (17 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (6 - 17) 19 (14 - 27)
Nevada 40 (30 - 55) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (10 - 19) 21 (13 - 32) 35 (25 - 48)
New Hampshire 24 (18 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 11) 12   (8 - 19) 21 (15 - 28)
New Jersey 118   (88 - 159) 16 (12 - 22) 43 (32 - 56) 59 (37 - 93) 102   (73 - 141)
New Mexico 36 (27 - 49) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (11 - 18) 17 (10 - 27) 31 (22 - 43)
New York 361 (304 - 429) 35 (28 - 44) 148 (126 - 172) 178 (133 - 239) 326 (270 - 393)
North Carolina 130   (98 - 171) 17 (13 - 23) 48 (36 - 64) 64 (42 - 98) 113   (83 - 154)
North Dakota 8   (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 5) 7 (5 - 9)
Ohio 194 (166 - 227) 24 (20 - 29) 76 (65 - 88) 95   (73 - 123) 170 (143 - 202)
Oklahoma 54 (40 - 73) 7   (5 - 10) 21 (15 - 28) 26 (17 - 41) 47 (34 - 65)
Oregon 78   (58 - 104) 9   (6 - 12) 26 (20 - 33) 43 (28 - 67) 69 (50 - 95)
Pennsylvania 177 (148 - 212) 23 (19 - 28) 72 (61 - 85) 82   (60 - 112) 154 (126 - 188)
Rhode Island 27 (20 - 36) 2 (2 - 3) 11   (8 - 14) 14   (9 - 22) 25 (18 - 34)
South Carolina 67 (50 - 89) 8   (6 - 11) 23 (18 - 31) 35 (23 - 54) 59 (43 - 81)
South Dakota 10   (7 - 13) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (2 - 7) 8   (6 - 12)
Tennessee 100   (76 - 131) 11   (9 - 15) 36 (28 - 47) 52 (35 - 79) 89   (66 - 118)
Texas 350 (295 - 416) 50 (41 - 61) 137 (116 - 160) 164 (122 - 220) 301 (248 - 365)
Utah 41 (31 - 53) 6 (5 - 8) 19 (14 - 25) 16 (10 - 24) 34 (25 - 47)
Vermont 10   (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 9   (7 - 12)
Virginia 123   (93 - 163) 15 (11 - 20) 48 (36 - 63) 60 (39 - 92) 108   (79 - 147)
Washington 98   (75 - 129) 15 (11 - 20) 35 (26 - 46) 48 (32 - 74) 83   (61 - 113)
West Virginia 33 (24 - 44) 3 (3 - 5) 11   (8 - 14) 18 (12 - 28) 29 (21 - 40)
Wisconsin 89   (68 - 117) 11   (8 - 15) 33 (25 - 42) 45 (30 - 69) 78   (57 - 105)
Wyoming 7 (5 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 8)
130117
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 22,378 (21,763 - 23,011) 1,925 (1,845 - 2,009) 6,851 (6,673 - 7,032) 13,602 (13,046 - 14,181) 20,453 (19,844 - 21,080)
Northeast 4,049 (3,833 - 4,279) 323 (299 - 349) 1,302 (1,241 - 1,366) 2,424 (2,224 - 2,640) 3,726 (3,515 - 3,950)
Midwest 5,252 (5,046 - 5,463) 456 (430 - 483) 1,630 (1,570 - 1,692) 3,166 (2,974 - 3,370) 4,796 (4,594 - 5,003)
South 7,731 (7,395 - 8,083) 646 (607 - 687) 2,260 (2,164 - 2,358) 4,825 (4,507 - 5,163) 7,085 (6,757 - 7,430)
West 5,346 (5,049 - 5,657) 500 (462 - 541) 1,659 (1,572 - 1,749) 3,187 (2,921 - 3,476) 4,846 (4,558 - 5,150)
Alabama 303 (260 - 353) 27 (22 - 34) 84 (71 - 98) 193 (155 - 238) 276 (234 - 325)
Alaska 51 (44 - 59) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (14 - 19) 29 (24 - 36) 45 (39 - 53)
Arizona 495 (427 - 572) 47 (38 - 58) 146 (126 - 169) 302 (245 - 370) 448 (383 - 522)
Arkansas 200 (174 - 231) 18 (15 - 22) 59 (51 - 68) 123 (100 - 150) 182 (156 - 212)
California 2,680 (2,451 - 2,927) 258 (229 - 291) 865 (797 - 937) 1,556 (1,355 - 1,786) 2,421 (2,200 - 2,662)
Colorado 436 (375 - 505) 37 (30 - 45) 135 (118 - 154) 263 (212 - 326) 399 (340 - 465)
Connecticut 275 (238 - 317) 25 (20 - 30) 82 (72 - 93) 168 (136 - 207) 250 (215 - 292)
Delaware 65 (56 - 76) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (18 - 24) 39 (31 - 49) 60 (52 - 71)
District of Columbia 58 (51 - 67) 2 (2 - 3) 20 (17 - 23) 36 (30 - 44) 56 (49 - 65)
Florida 1,326 (1,205 - 1,461) 101   (88 - 115) 334 (305 - 364) 892    (779 - 1,020) 1,226 (1,108 - 1,357)
Georgia 648 (552 - 759) 54 (43 - 66) 187 (160 - 216) 407 (325 - 508) 594 (502 - 701)
Hawaii 101   (83 - 123) 8   (6 - 11) 26 (22 - 31) 67 (51 - 87) 93   (76 - 114)
Idaho 105   (91 - 120) 11   (9 - 13) 34 (29 - 39) 60 (48 - 74) 93   (80 - 108)
Illinois 1,002    (919 - 1,091) 81 (71 - 92) 315 (291 - 341) 606 (530 - 692) 921    (841 - 1,008)
Indiana 446 (385 - 516) 44 (36 - 54) 137 (120 - 156) 265 (213 - 328) 402 (344 - 470)
Iowa 226 (196 - 261) 20 (16 - 24) 70 (61 - 80) 137 (111 - 168) 207 (177 - 240)
Kansas 214 (186 - 246) 19 (15 - 23) 72 (63 - 82) 123   (99 - 152) 195 (168 - 226)
Kentucky 279 (239 - 327) 24 (19 - 29) 80 (69 - 93) 175 (141 - 218) 255 (217 - 302)
Louisiana 306 (262 - 356) 23 (18 - 28) 91   (79 - 105) 192 (154 - 238) 283 (241 - 332)
Maine 97   (84 - 112) 8   (7 - 10) 28 (25 - 32) 61 (49 - 75) 89   (76 - 103)
Maryland 430 (368 - 501) 33 (26 - 40) 121 (104 - 139) 277 (223 - 342) 397 (337 - 466)
Massachusetts 544 (469 - 629) 39 (32 - 48) 178 (155 - 204) 327 (263 - 404) 505 (432 - 587)
Michigan 790 (727 - 857) 73 (64 - 82) 234 (217 - 252) 483 (425 - 547) 717 (656 - 783)
Minnesota 468 (408 - 536) 38 (31 - 46) 148 (130 - 168) 282 (231 - 343) 430 (372 - 496)
Mississippi 178 (151 - 208) 15 (12 - 19) 59 (51 - 68) 104   (82 - 132) 163 (138 - 192)
Missouri 455 (396 - 522) 39 (32 - 48) 144 (126 - 163) 273 (223 - 333) 416 (359 - 480)
Montana 81 (71 - 93) 7 (6 - 8) 27 (23 - 30) 47 (39 - 58) 74 (64 - 85)
Nebraska 140 (121 - 160) 12 (10 - 15) 46 (40 - 52) 82   (67 - 100) 128 (110 - 147)
Nevada 199 (171 - 231) 19 (16 - 23) 52 (45 - 59) 129 (104 - 158) 180 (154 - 211)
New Hampshire 108   (93 - 124) 9   (8 - 11) 33 (28 - 37) 66 (53 - 81) 98   (84 - 114)
New Jersey 580 (494 - 680) 48 (38 - 59) 174 (152 - 200) 358 (284 - 449) 532 (451 - 628)
New Mexico 159 (137 - 184) 16 (13 - 19) 51 (44 - 59) 93   (75 - 115) 144 (123 - 168)
New York 1,437 (1,310 - 1,575) 113   (99 - 129) 476 (439 - 516) 848 (734 - 978) 1,324 (1,201 - 1,458)
North Carolina 602 (515 - 702) 48 (39 - 59) 180 (155 - 208) 373 (299 - 464) 553 (470 - 650)
North Dakota 55 (48 - 62) 5 (4 - 5) 21 (19 - 24) 29 (24 - 36) 51 (44 - 58)
Ohio 916 (843 - 996) 80 (72 - 90) 269 (249 - 290) 567 (501 - 641) 836 (765 - 913)
Oklahoma 248 (213 - 288) 21 (16 - 26) 84 (72 - 97) 144 (116 - 179) 228 (195 - 266)
Oregon 311 (269 - 358) 27 (22 - 33) 84 (74 - 95) 201 (164 - 245) 284 (244 - 330)
Pennsylvania 868 (792 - 951) 70 (62 - 81) 284 (262 - 308) 513 (445 - 592) 797 (723 - 879)
Rhode Island 92   (80 - 106) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (26 - 35) 55 (44 - 67) 85 (73 - 99)
South Carolina 327 (283 - 379) 25 (20 - 30) 91   (79 - 105) 212 (173 - 258) 303 (260 - 352)
South Dakota 65 (57 - 75) 6 (5 - 7) 23 (20 - 26) 37 (30 - 46) 60 (52 - 69)
Tennessee 427 (367 - 494) 34 (27 - 42) 125 (109 - 143) 268 (217 - 330) 393 (336 - 458)
Texas 1,620 (1,478 - 1,774) 162 (143 - 183) 495 (453 - 539) 964    (839 - 1,106) 1,458 (1,321 - 1,608)
Utah 179 (153 - 207) 19 (15 - 23) 63 (53 - 74) 97   (77 - 122) 160 (136 - 188)
Vermont 49 (43 - 57) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (14 - 18) 29 (23 - 36) 45 (39 - 52)
Virginia 588 (509 - 679) 47 (38 - 57) 194 (168 - 221) 347 (281 - 427) 541 (465 - 629)
Washington 507 (440 - 583) 43 (35 - 52) 147 (129 - 168) 317 (259 - 387) 464 (400 - 538)
West Virginia 124 (107 - 145) 9   (8 - 12) 36 (31 - 41) 79 (63 - 98) 115   (98 - 135)
Wisconsin 474 (412 - 544) 40 (33 - 48) 151 (134 - 170) 283 (230 - 347) 434 (374 - 502)
Wyoming 44 (38 - 50) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (12 - 15) 26 (22 - 32) 40 (34 - 46)
130117
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,282 (6,005 - 6,572) 1,049    (990 - 1,112) 2,420 (2,311 - 2,533) 2,814 (2,581 - 3,067) 5,233 (4,965 - 5,515)
Northeast 1,145 (1,047 - 1,252) 172 (155 - 191) 478 (441 - 518) 494 (419 - 583) 972    (880 - 1,075)
Midwest 1,295 (1,203 - 1,392) 236 (218 - 256) 509 (476 - 544) 550 (477 - 633) 1,059    (972 - 1,151)
South 2,305 (2,148 - 2,475) 368 (339 - 399) 833 (778 - 890) 1,105    (974 - 1,252) 1,937 (1,787 - 2,101)
West 1,537 (1,403 - 1,684) 272 (245 - 303) 600 (548 - 657) 665 (562 - 786) 1,265 (1,138 - 1,405)
Alabama 101   (77 - 131) 14 (10 - 18) 37 (29 - 47) 50 (33 - 75) 87   (65 - 116)
Alaska 15 (11 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 6   (4 - 10) 12   (9 - 16)
Arizona 152 (116 - 199) 24 (19 - 32) 53 (41 - 69) 74   (49 - 112) 128   (94 - 172)
Arkansas 60 (46 - 78) 10   (8 - 13) 21 (16 - 27) 29 (19 - 43) 50 (37 - 67)
California 763 (659 - 882) 142 (120 - 167) 319 (276 - 367) 302 (227 - 400) 621 (524 - 735)
Colorado 129   (99 - 168) 20 (15 - 26) 47 (37 - 60) 62 (40 - 95) 109   (81 - 147)
Connecticut 73 (56 - 95) 12   (9 - 15) 29 (23 - 37) 32 (21 - 50) 61 (46 - 82)
Delaware 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (6 - 15) 18 (13 - 23)
District of Columbia 19 (14 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (6 - 10) 9   (6 - 14) 17 (13 - 23)
Florida 388 (329 - 458) 56 (47 - 67) 126 (110 - 145) 206 (157 - 270) 332 (275 - 400)
Georgia 215 (164 - 282) 31 (23 - 41) 77 (60 - 97) 107   (70 - 164) 184 (136 - 248)
Hawaii 26 (19 - 36) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 11) 14   (8 - 23) 22 (15 - 31)
Idaho 32 (25 - 41) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 15 (10 - 22) 26 (20 - 35)
Illinois 223 (191 - 261) 42 (35 - 50) 90   (77 - 104) 92   (68 - 123) 181 (151 - 217)
Indiana 140 (109 - 180) 27 (21 - 35) 53 (42 - 67) 60 (39 - 92) 113   (85 - 150)
Iowa 39 (29 - 53) 8   (6 - 10) 16 (12 - 21) 16   (9 - 26) 31 (22 - 44)
Kansas 41 (31 - 55) 9   (6 - 12) 17 (13 - 23) 15   (9 - 26) 32 (23 - 46)
Kentucky 98   (76 - 128) 14 (11 - 19) 35 (27 - 44) 49 (33 - 74) 84   (63 - 113)
Louisiana 92   (70 - 119) 13 (10 - 17) 35 (27 - 44) 44 (29 - 67) 79   (59 - 106)
Maine 31 (24 - 40) 4 (3 - 6) 12   (9 - 15) 15 (10 - 22) 26 (20 - 35)
Maryland 118   (90 - 156) 17 (12 - 22) 44 (34 - 56) 58 (38 - 90) 102   (75 - 139)
Massachusetts 145 (113 - 186) 20 (15 - 27) 70 (55 - 89) 55 (35 - 84) 125   (95 - 164)
Michigan 210 (183 - 241) 39 (33 - 46) 84 (74 - 95) 87   (67 - 114) 171 (145 - 200)
Minnesota 101   (78 - 132) 16 (13 - 21) 40 (31 - 52) 45 (29 - 68) 85   (63 - 114)
Mississippi 46 (35 - 60) 8   (6 - 11) 20 (15 - 26) 18 (12 - 29) 38 (28 - 52)
Missouri 125   (97 - 161) 21 (16 - 28) 48 (38 - 60) 56 (37 - 85) 104   (78 - 137)
Montana 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 15) 19 (14 - 25)
Nebraska 30 (22 - 39) 6 (4 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 12   (7 - 20) 24 (17 - 33)
Nevada 65 (49 - 85) 11   (9 - 15) 20 (16 - 26) 33 (22 - 51) 54 (39 - 73)
New Hampshire 31 (24 - 41) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (9 - 14) 15 (10 - 23) 26 (19 - 35)
New Jersey 148 (113 - 195) 28 (21 - 36) 58 (45 - 75) 63 (40 - 99) 121   (89 - 164)
New Mexico 55 (42 - 71) 10   (8 - 13) 20 (16 - 25) 25 (16 - 39) 45 (33 - 60)
New York 451 (388 - 525) 62 (52 - 74) 185 (162 - 212) 204 (155 - 267) 389 (329 - 461)
North Carolina 165 (126 - 217) 27 (20 - 35) 62 (48 - 81) 76   (49 - 118) 139 (103 - 187)
North Dakota 10   (7 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 3 (2 - 6) 8   (6 - 11)
Ohio 259 (226 - 298) 46 (40 - 54) 101   (89 - 114) 112   (87 - 144) 213 (182 - 250)
Oklahoma 72 (54 - 95) 12   (9 - 15) 26 (20 - 34) 34 (22 - 52) 60 (44 - 82)
Oregon 94   (73 - 121) 14 (11 - 18) 34 (27 - 42) 46 (31 - 68) 80   (61 - 106)
Pennsylvania 216 (184 - 254) 35 (29 - 42) 91   (79 - 106) 90   (67 - 121) 181 (151 - 217)
Rhode Island 35 (27 - 45) 4 (3 - 5) 15 (12 - 19) 16 (10 - 25) 31 (23 - 41)
South Carolina 99   (76 - 129) 16 (12 - 20) 34 (27 - 44) 49 (33 - 74) 83   (62 - 112)
South Dakota 13 (10 - 17) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8) 10   (8 - 14)
Tennessee 125   (96 - 162) 19 (15 - 25) 46 (36 - 58) 60 (39 - 91) 106   (79 - 141)
Texas 487 (422 - 563) 97   (83 - 114) 179 (155 - 206) 211 (161 - 275) 390 (329 - 462)
Utah 55 (42 - 72) 11   (9 - 14) 22 (17 - 29) 22 (14 - 34) 44 (32 - 60)
Vermont 14 (11 - 18) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 6 (4 - 9) 12   (9 - 16)
Virginia 161 (124 - 208) 25 (19 - 33) 62 (49 - 79) 73   (48 - 111) 136 (102 - 181)
Washington 119   (92 - 155) 22 (17 - 28) 46 (36 - 59) 52 (34 - 80) 98   (72 - 132)
West Virginia 39 (30 - 50) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 20 (13 - 30) 33 (25 - 44)
Wisconsin 104   (79 - 135) 18 (13 - 23) 39 (31 - 50) 47 (30 - 72) 86   (64 - 116)
Wyoming 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 11)
130117
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,656 (17,113 - 18,216) 1,247 (1,182 - 1,316) 5,425 (5,267 - 5,587) 10,983 (10,485 - 11,504) 16,409 (15,867 - 16,968)
Northeast 3,151 (2,964 - 3,351) 210 (192 - 231) 1,013    (961 - 1,067) 1,928 (1,759 - 2,113) 2,941 (2,758 - 3,136)
Midwest 4,225 (4,032 - 4,426) 301 (281 - 324) 1,323 (1,269 - 1,379) 2,601 (2,422 - 2,793) 3,924 (3,735 - 4,120)
South 6,028 (5,733 - 6,339) 406 (376 - 438) 1,756 (1,675 - 1,839) 3,867 (3,591 - 4,161) 5,622 (5,333 - 5,927)
West 4,251 (3,985 - 4,533) 330 (299 - 363) 1,334 (1,257 - 1,415) 2,587 (2,352 - 2,845) 3,921 (3,663 - 4,196)
Alabama 225 (186 - 271) 17 (13 - 21) 62 (52 - 74) 146 (113 - 187) 208 (171 - 253)
Alaska 38 (32 - 46) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 23 (18 - 29) 35 (29 - 42)
Arizona 395 (333 - 467) 31 (24 - 40) 115   (97 - 136) 248 (197 - 312) 363 (304 - 433)
Arkansas 152 (129 - 180) 12 (10 - 15) 45 (38 - 52) 96   (76 - 121) 140 (118 - 167)
California 2,166 (1,952 - 2,401) 175 (150 - 204) 697 (635 - 764) 1,294 (1,107 - 1,509) 1,991 (1,783 - 2,220)
Colorado 344 (295 - 399) 25 (20 - 31) 114   (98 - 132) 205 (164 - 254) 319 (272 - 372)
Connecticut 228 (193 - 268) 18 (14 - 22) 66 (57 - 77) 144 (114 - 181) 210 (177 - 250)
Delaware 49 (41 - 59) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (13 - 18) 31 (24 - 39) 46 (38 - 55)
District of Columbia 45 (38 - 53) 1 (1 - 2) 16 (13 - 18) 28 (23 - 35) 44 (37 - 52)
Florida 1,060    (947 - 1,185) 64 (55 - 75) 262 (236 - 290) 733 (629 - 853) 995    (885 - 1,119)
Georgia 478 (397 - 574) 31 (24 - 41) 138 (115 - 164) 308 (240 - 394) 446 (368 - 539)
Hawaii 84   (68 - 103) 5 (4 - 7) 23 (19 - 27) 56 (42 - 74) 79 (63 - 98)
Idaho 81 (68 - 95) 7 (5 - 9) 26 (22 - 30) 48 (38 - 61) 74 (62 - 88)
Illinois 845 (764 - 933) 54 (46 - 63) 266 (245 - 290) 524 (451 - 608) 791 (713 - 876)
Indiana 325 (274 - 385) 26 (20 - 33) 104   (89 - 122) 195 (152 - 248) 299 (250 - 357)
Iowa 195 (167 - 228) 15 (12 - 18) 61 (52 - 70) 120   (96 - 150) 181 (153 - 213)
Kansas 178 (151 - 209) 13 (10 - 16) 64 (55 - 75) 101   (80 - 128) 165 (139 - 195)
Kentucky 188 (154 - 230) 14 (10 - 18) 51 (42 - 62) 123   (94 - 160) 174 (142 - 214)
Louisiana 246 (206 - 293) 15 (12 - 19) 72 (61 - 86) 158 (125 - 200) 231 (192 - 277)
Maine 74 (62 - 88) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (18 - 25) 47 (37 - 61) 69 (57 - 83)
Maryland 343 (288 - 408) 21 (17 - 27) 103   (87 - 120) 219 (172 - 278) 322 (268 - 385)
Massachusetts 424 (357 - 501) 26 (20 - 33) 138 (118 - 161) 260 (206 - 326) 398 (334 - 472)
Michigan 611 (552 - 676) 45 (39 - 52) 183 (168 - 199) 383 (330 - 444) 566 (508 - 629)
Minnesota 405 (345 - 472) 27 (21 - 33) 129 (112 - 148) 249 (198 - 311) 378 (321 - 443)
Mississippi 140 (116 - 167) 10   (8 - 13) 44 (37 - 52) 86   (66 - 111) 130 (107 - 157)
Missouri 348 (297 - 405) 26 (21 - 33) 108   (92 - 126) 213 (171 - 264) 321 (272 - 377)
Montana 67 (57 - 78) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (20 - 26) 39 (31 - 49) 62 (53 - 73)
Nebraska 119 (101 - 139) 9   (7 - 11) 38 (32 - 45) 72 (57 - 90) 110   (93 - 130)
Nevada 161 (135 - 192) 12 (10 - 16) 42 (36 - 49) 106   (84 - 135) 149 (123 - 178)
New Hampshire 84 (71 - 98) 6 (5 - 8) 26 (22 - 30) 51 (41 - 65) 78 (65 - 92)
New Jersey 466 (389 - 558) 30 (24 - 39) 140 (120 - 164) 295 (229 - 379) 436 (361 - 525)
New Mexico 123 (104 - 144) 9   (7 - 12) 42 (36 - 49) 72 (56 - 91) 114   (95 - 134)
New York 1,084    (971 - 1,209) 72 (62 - 85) 363 (331 - 398) 648 (549 - 765) 1,012    (902 - 1,134)
North Carolina 485 (403 - 582) 30 (24 - 38) 143 (121 - 169) 311 (243 - 399) 455 (375 - 550)
North Dakota 47 (40 - 54) 3 (2 - 4) 19 (16 - 21) 25 (20 - 31) 43 (37 - 50)
Ohio 712 (646 - 785) 52 (45 - 59) 204 (187 - 223) 456 (395 - 526) 661 (596 - 732)
Oklahoma 194 (163 - 232) 13 (10 - 17) 67 (56 - 79) 114   (89 - 146) 181 (151 - 217)
Oregon 230 (194 - 271) 16 (13 - 20) 62 (53 - 71) 152 (121 - 191) 213 (179 - 254)
Pennsylvania 687 (616 - 765) 46 (39 - 54) 222 (202 - 244) 419 (356 - 492) 641 (573 - 718)
Rhode Island 67 (57 - 79) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (19 - 26) 40 (32 - 51) 63 (53 - 74)
South Carolina 256 (214 - 305) 15 (12 - 20) 69 (59 - 82) 171 (135 - 217) 240 (200 - 289)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 64) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 22) 31 (25 - 39) 51 (43 - 60)
Tennessee 330 (278 - 391) 22 (17 - 28) 94   (80 - 110) 214 (170 - 269) 308 (258 - 366)
Texas 1,287 (1,159 - 1,428) 101   (86 - 117) 396 (360 - 435) 790 (678 - 920) 1,186 (1,062 - 1,323)
Utah 131 (108 - 157) 10   (7 - 13) 48 (39 - 59) 72 (55 - 94) 120   (99 - 146)
Vermont 38 (32 - 45) 3 (2 - 3) 12 (11 - 14) 23 (18 - 29) 35 (30 - 42)
Virginia 459 (391 - 539) 30 (23 - 38) 151 (130 - 174) 279 (221 - 352) 430 (364 - 506)
Washington 397 (336 - 468) 27 (21 - 35) 118 (102 - 137) 251 (200 - 315) 370 (311 - 439)
West Virginia 92   (77 - 110) 6 (5 - 8) 27 (23 - 32) 58 (46 - 75) 86   (71 - 103)
Wisconsin 387 (331 - 450) 28 (22 - 35) 127 (110 - 145) 232 (185 - 290) 359 (304 - 420)
Wyoming 36 (30 - 42) 3 (2 - 4) 11 (10 - 13) 22 (17 - 27) 33 (28 - 39)
130117
Table 23 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007 and 2008 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,775 (14,214 - 15,360) 2,065 (1,981 - 2,152) 2,697 (2,593 - 2,805) 12,078 (11,532 - 12,651)
Northeast 2,677 (2,487 - 2,880) 357 (333 - 382) 483 (448 - 520) 2,194 (2,013 - 2,391)
Midwest 3,324 (3,139 - 3,519) 466 (441 - 493) 621 (588 - 656) 2,703 (2,524 - 2,894)
South 5,377 (5,072 - 5,700) 745 (705 - 788) 917 (866 - 971) 4,459 (4,162 - 4,778)
West 3,398 (3,148 - 3,666) 497 (461 - 536) 676 (626 - 730) 2,722 (2,484 - 2,982)
Alabama 201 (163 - 248) 32 (26 - 39) 38 (31 - 47) 163 (127 - 209)
Alaska 30 (25 - 37) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (19 - 31)
Arizona 328 (269 - 399) 48 (39 - 58) 61 (49 - 75) 267 (211 - 336)
Arkansas 154 (128 - 186) 20 (17 - 24) 25 (21 - 30) 129 (104 - 160)
California 1,635 (1,442 - 1,852) 251 (223 - 283) 357 (316 - 402) 1,278 (1,095 - 1,490)
Colorado 248 (203 - 301) 34 (29 - 41) 44 (36 - 54) 204 (162 - 256)
Connecticut 178 (147 - 215) 24 (20 - 29) 31 (25 - 37) 147 (118 - 184)
Delaware 40 (33 - 49) 6 (5 - 7) 7 (6 - 9) 33 (26 - 42)
District of Columbia 31 (25 - 37) 3 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 24 (19 - 30)
Florida 914    (807 - 1,034) 106   (93 - 119) 137 (121 - 156) 776 (672 - 896)
Georgia 450 (368 - 549) 68 (56 - 82) 74 (61 - 90) 376 (298 - 472)
Hawaii 56 (45 - 71) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (8 - 13) 46 (35 - 60)
Idaho 80 (67 - 96) 11 (10 - 14) 14 (11 - 17) 66 (54 - 82)
Illinois 561 (493 - 637) 81 (72 - 92) 112   (99 - 127) 449 (384 - 523)
Indiana 385 (317 - 466) 47 (40 - 56) 63 (52 - 76) 322 (257 - 401)
Iowa 140 (117 - 167) 19 (16 - 23) 28 (23 - 33) 112   (90 - 139)
Kansas 148 (122 - 179) 21 (17 - 25) 27 (22 - 33) 121   (97 - 151)
Kentucky 243 (199 - 295) 32 (27 - 38) 35 (29 - 43) 207 (166 - 259)
Louisiana 196 (161 - 239) 30 (25 - 36) 37 (30 - 45) 160 (126 - 201)
Maine 76 (61 - 93) 9   (7 - 10) 12 (10 - 14) 64 (50 - 81)
Maryland 258 (211 - 314) 34 (28 - 41) 50 (41 - 61) 208 (164 - 263)
Massachusetts 325 (267 - 395) 43 (35 - 51) 62 (51 - 75) 263 (209 - 330)
Michigan 494 (439 - 556) 72 (64 - 80) 100   (89 - 112) 394 (341 - 455)
Minnesota 274 (224 - 333) 41 (34 - 48) 49 (40 - 59) 225 (179 - 281)
Mississippi 113   (91 - 141) 19 (16 - 23) 22 (17 - 27) 92   (71 - 118)
Missouri 307 (255 - 369) 42 (35 - 51) 56 (47 - 68) 251 (201 - 311)
Montana 49 (40 - 59) 7 (6 - 8) 10   (8 - 12) 39 (31 - 49)
Nebraska 73 (59 - 90) 11   (9 - 14) 15 (12 - 19) 58 (45 - 75)
Nevada 132 (108 - 162) 17 (14 - 21) 23 (19 - 28) 109   (86 - 138)
New Hampshire 78 (64 - 95) 10   (8 - 12) 12   (9 - 14) 66 (53 - 83)
New Jersey 382 (307 - 474) 56 (47 - 68) 62 (51 - 76) 320 (249 - 410)
New Mexico 106   (86 - 131) 15 (12 - 18) 20 (16 - 25) 86   (67 - 110)
New York 959    (840 - 1,093) 125 (110 - 141) 182 (160 - 207) 777 (664 - 907)
North Carolina 474 (386 - 579) 65 (55 - 77) 78 (64 - 95) 395 (313 - 498)
North Dakota 32 (26 - 38) 4 (4 - 5) 7 (6 - 9) 24 (19 - 31)
Ohio 566 (504 - 635) 80 (71 - 89) 100   (89 - 112) 465 (406 - 533)
Oklahoma 209 (171 - 255) 25 (20 - 30) 39 (32 - 47) 171 (135 - 215)
Oregon 201 (163 - 245) 28 (23 - 33) 37 (30 - 44) 164 (129 - 208)
Pennsylvania 586 (515 - 666) 80 (71 - 90) 106   (92 - 121) 481 (413 - 558)
Rhode Island 61 (50 - 74) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (9 - 14) 49 (39 - 62)
South Carolina 204 (167 - 249) 31 (26 - 38) 35 (29 - 43) 169 (134 - 212)
South Dakota 36 (29 - 44) 6 (5 - 7) 7 (6 - 8) 29 (22 - 37)
Tennessee 352 (287 - 430) 44 (36 - 52) 45 (37 - 55) 307 (244 - 384)
Texas 1,026    (905 - 1,161) 161 (142 - 182) 196 (172 - 223) 830 (714 - 963)
Utah 130 (109 - 154) 23 (19 - 27) 31 (25 - 38) 98   (80 - 121)
Vermont 32 (26 - 39) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 26 (20 - 32)
Virginia 392 (321 - 476) 59 (49 - 70) 75 (61 - 91) 317 (251 - 400)
Washington 372 (306 - 450) 45 (38 - 55) 58 (48 - 69) 314 (251 - 391)
West Virginia 119   (98 - 145) 12 (10 - 15) 17 (14 - 21) 102   (82 - 127)
Wisconsin 310 (257 - 372) 42 (35 - 51) 56 (47 - 67) 253 (203 - 315)
Wyoming 31 (25 - 37) 4 (4 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 25 (20 - 31)

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