Go to the Table Of Contents
110502
Table 2.1A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2009)
Total
(2010)
Aged 12-13
(2009)
Aged 12-13
(2010)
Aged 14-15
(2009)
Aged 14-15
(2010)
Aged 16-17
(2009)
Aged 16-17
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,920 2,934 851 865 1,043 1,080 1,026 989
Outpatient 2,635 2,617 778 761 925 976 932 881
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
   Counselor
2,281 2,249 647 628 804 855 830 765
Mental Health Clinic or Center 533 543 161 137 190 195 182 211
Partial Day Hospital or Day
   Treatment Program
339 360 105 122 128 130 106 108
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
   Family Preservation Worker
651 668 221 195 210a 272 220 201
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
   Longer Stay)
565 586 137 172 223 221 205 193
Hospital 435 445 104 125 175 155 156 166
Residential Treatment Center 211 215 47 61 77 76 88 78
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
   Care Home
92 107 22 41 38 41 32 25
EDUCATION2,3 2,919 2,935 965 1,036 1,107 1,022 846 877
School Social Worker, School
   Psychologist, or School Counselor
2,276 2,194 768 785 866 776 642 633
Special School or Program
   within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
970 1,049 301a 369 389 362 280 319
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 603 594 165 156 199 229 239 208
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
1,190 1,243 376 419 425 451 388 373
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 109 80 21 17 32 25 56 37
110502
Table 2.1B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2009)
Total
(2010)
Aged 12-13
(2009)
Aged 12-13
(2010)
Aged 14-15
(2009)
Aged 14-15
(2010)
Aged 16-17
(2009)
Aged 16-17
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.2 11.6 11.2 12.3 13.6 12.1 11.8
Outpatient 10.8 10.9 10.6 9.8 10.9 12.3 11.0 10.5
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
   Counselor
9.3 9.3 8.7 8.0 9.5 10.7 9.8 9.2
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.2 2.2 2.2 1.7 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.5
Partial Day Hospital or Day
   Treatment Program
1.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.3
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
   Family Preservation Worker
2.7 2.8 3.0 2.5 2.5b 3.4 2.6 2.4
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
   Longer Stay)
2.3 2.4 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.3
Hospital 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.6 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
   Care Home
0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3
EDUCATION2,3 12.1 12.3 13.3 13.5 13.1 12.9 10.0 10.5
School Social Worker, School
   Psychologist, or School Counselor
9.4 9.2 10.5 10.2 10.2 9.8 7.6 7.6
Special School or Program
   within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
4.0 4.4 4.1 4.8 4.6 4.6 3.3 3.8
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.9 2.8 2.5
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
4.9 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.7 4.6 4.5
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.4
110502
Table 2.2A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 2,920 2,934 2,635 2,617 565 586 2,919 2,935 603 594 1,190 1,243 109 80
GENDER                            
Male 1,249 1,242 1,066 1,080 300 282 1,306 1,324 252 256 453 484 65 52
Female 1,671 1,691 1,569 1,538 265 304 1,613 1,610 350 338 737 759 44 27
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 851 865 778 761 137 172 965 1,036 165 156 376 419 21 17
14-15 1,043 1,080 925 976 223 221 1,107 1,022 199 229 425 451 32 25
16-17 1,026 989 932 881 205 193 846 877 239 208 388 373 56 37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,439 2,401 2,205 2,158 452 481 2,331 2,370 492 500 973 1,003 72 64
White 1,819 1,845 1,684 1,706 288 321 1,549 1,616 366 401 728 780 40 41
Black or African American 444 384 362 297 122 130 594 542 94 69 174 153 24 18
American Indian or Alaska Native 19 17 18 14 5 4 14 17 1 4 5 6 1 2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * 1 * * * 1 * 2 * *
Asian 64 37 55 29 15 8 99 95 11 9 26 11 0 0
Two or More Races 86 110 78 104 22 18 70 91 20 17 39 51 6 3
Hispanic or Latino 481 533 430 460 113 105 587 565 110 94 217 240 37 15
110502
Table 2.2B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 12.0 12.2 10.8 10.9 2.3 2.4 12.1 12.3 2.5 2.5 4.9 5.2 0.4 0.3
GENDER                            
Male 10.1 10.1 8.6 8.8 2.4 2.3 10.6 10.8 2.0 2.1 3.7 3.9 0.5 0.4
Female 14.0 14.4 13.1 13.1 2.2 2.6 13.6 13.8 2.9 2.9 6.2 6.5 0.4 0.2
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 11.6 11.2 10.6 9.8 1.8 2.2 13.3 13.5 2.2 2.0 5.1 5.4 0.3 0.2
14-15 12.3 13.6 10.9 12.3 2.6 2.8 13.1 12.9 2.3 2.9 5.0 5.7 0.4 0.3
16-17 12.1 11.8 11.0 10.5 2.4 2.3 10.0 10.5 2.8 2.5 4.6 4.5 0.7 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.4 12.5 11.3 11.2 2.3 2.5 11.9 12.4 2.5 2.6 5.0 5.2 0.4 0.3
White 12.8 13.2 11.8 12.2 2.0 2.3 10.9 11.6 2.6 2.9 5.1 5.6 0.3 0.3
Black or African American 12.2 10.9 9.9 8.4 3.3 3.7 16.4 15.5 2.6 2.0 4.8 4.3 0.7 0.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.9 12.9 14.5 10.7 3.9 3.4 10.8 13.5 1.1 2.9 3.9 4.5 0.6 1.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * 1.2 * * * 0.9 * 2.5 * *
Asian 6.6a 3.5 5.7a 2.8 1.5 0.7 10.3 9.2 1.1 0.9 2.6 1.1 0.0 0.0
Two or More Races 16.4 21.2 14.9 20.1 4.1 3.4 13.5 17.6 3.8 3.2 7.4 9.8 1.1 0.6
Hispanic or Latino 10.2 11.0 9.1 9.5 2.4 2.2 12.6 11.8 2.3 1.9 4.6 5.0 0.8 0.3
110502
Table 2.3A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
9
Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 2,920 2,934 2,635 2,617 565 586 2,919 2,935 603 594 1,190 1,243 109 80
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 551 564 510 528 91 90 549 601 102 109 242 266 16 7
Midwest 689 666 615 602 131 128 681 648 136 144 285 288 28 19
South 987 1,048 857 891 234 260 1,023 1,002 242 211 402 406 36 38
West 693 656 652 597 110 108 666 684 123 130 261 282 29 16
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 1,567 1,581 1,417 1,393 281 305 1,583 1,587 273 270 623 669 53 34
Small Metro 916 924 834 845 169 185 907 932 209 212 374 392 38 30
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 618 628 563 565 114 129 622 613 135 147 248 273 27 21
< 250K Pop. 297 295 271 280 56 56 285 319 74 64 126 119 11 9
Nonmetro 437 428 384 379 115 97 429 415 122 112 193 182 18 16
Urbanized 203 179 186 161 44 32 194 178 53 46 89 75 7 12
Less Urbanized 201 208 166 179 64 57 194 211 66 57 93 93 10 4
Completely Rural 34 42 32 39 7 8 41 26 3 9 11 14 1 0
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 562 605 450 489 176 207 660 660 136 116 219 268 40 29
100-199% 693 735 615 636 171 169 735 784 150 149 331 310 39 29
200% or More 1,666 1,593 1,570 1,492 218 210 1,523 1,490 316 329 640 665 30 21
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE9                            
Yes 772a 894 648 749 216a 273 822 936 164 166 318a 392 53 37
No 2,148 2,040 1,987 1,869 349 313 2,097 1,999 439 428 872 851 56 43
110502
Table 2.3B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
9
Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 12.0 12.2 10.8 10.9 2.3 2.4 12.1 12.3 2.5 2.5 4.9 5.2 0.4 0.3
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 13.0 13.5 12.0 12.6 2.1 2.1 13.0 14.4 2.4 2.6 5.7 6.4 0.4 0.2
Midwest 12.9 12.6 11.5 11.4 2.4 2.4 12.8 12.3 2.5 2.7 5.3 5.4 0.5 0.4
South 11.1 11.8 9.6 10.1 2.6 2.9 11.5 11.4 2.7 2.4 4.5 4.6 0.4 0.4
West 11.9 11.4 11.2 10.4 1.9 1.9 11.5 12.1 2.1 2.3 4.5 4.9 0.5 0.3
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 12.2 12.3 11.0 10.8 2.2 2.4 12.4 12.4 2.1 2.1 4.8 5.2 0.4 0.3
Small Metro 12.1 12.4 11.0 11.4 2.2 2.5 12.0 12.6 2.7 2.8 4.9 5.3 0.5 0.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 12.2 12.6 11.1 11.4 2.2 2.6 12.3 12.4 2.7 3.0 4.9 5.5 0.5 0.4
< 250K Pop. 11.7 12.0 10.7 11.3 2.2 2.2 11.3 13.0 2.9 2.6 5.0 4.8 0.4 0.4
Nonmetro 11.3 11.4 9.9 10.0 2.9 2.6 11.1 11.1 3.1 3.0 5.0 4.8 0.5 0.4
Urbanized 11.9 11.6 10.9 10.4 2.5 2.1 11.4 11.6 3.1 2.9 5.2 4.8 0.4 0.8
Less Urbanized 11.3 10.8 9.3 9.3 3.6 3.0 11.0 11.2 3.7 3.0 5.2 4.9 0.6 0.2
Completely Rural 8.6 13.2 8.1 12.4 1.9 2.5 10.4 8.6 0.8a 2.7 2.9 4.4 0.2 0.1
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 12.3 12.8 9.9 10.3 3.8 4.4 14.6 14.1 3.0 2.5 4.8 5.7 0.9 0.6
100-199% 12.8 12.4 11.4 10.7 3.1 2.8 13.7 13.3 2.8 2.5 6.1 5.2 0.7 0.5
200% or More 11.6 11.9 10.9 11.1 1.5 1.6 10.6 11.2 2.2 2.5 4.5 5.0 0.2 0.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE9                            
Yes 14.7 15.6 12.4 13.0 4.1 4.7 15.8 16.4 3.1 2.9 6.1 6.8 1.0 0.6
No 11.3 11.1 10.4 10.2 1.8 1.7 11.0 11.0 2.3 2.3 4.6 4.6 0.3 0.2
110502
Table 2.4A – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Service1 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/ counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 2,920 2,934 2,635 2,617 565 586 2,919 2,935 603 594 1,190 1,243
Thought about Killing Self or
   Tried to Kill Self
533 539 469 463 153 172 203 215 74 61 141 150
Felt Depressed 1,190 1,236 1,111 1,153 209 178 780 714 238 201 424 404
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 513 542 487 518 66 62 353 346 106 82 165 166
Had Eating Problems 205 235 179 203 39 56 91 102 56 72 50 70
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/
   Neurological Disorder9
66 68 64 59 3 12 11 12 21 27 4 7
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 673 644 622 599 103 100 535b 422 69 84 190 145
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 447 470 425 441 42 43 263 236 53 37 114 109
Got into Physical Fights 156a 107 131 94 29 16 135a 89 11 9 44 21
Had Problems with Home/Family 716 787 688 749 44 64 382 419 59 55 147 196
Had Problems with Friends 339 301 329 286 16 18 451 389 37 17 113 107
Had Problems with People Other
   Than Family/Friends
229 216 223 207 14 13 226 191 20 19 55 62
Had Problems at School 492 463 461 420 42 56 453 456 67 64 139 131
Some Other Reason10 286a 216 266a 201 25 21 184 202 52 63 36 54
110502
Table 2.4B – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Service1 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/ counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 12.0 12.2 10.8 10.9 2.3 2.4 12.1 12.3 2.5 2.5 4.9 5.2
Thought about Killing Self or
   Tried to Kill Self
20.7 20.8 19.3 19.2 37.5 40.5 9.4 10.5 15.0 11.8 13.4 13.8
Felt Depressed 46.0 47.6 45.6 47.6 51.4 42.4 36.2 34.9 48.0a 39.2 40.8 37.8
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 19.9 21.0 20.0 21.5 16.3 14.8 16.4 16.9 21.3 15.9 15.7 15.3
Had Eating Problems 8.0 9.2 7.4 8.5 9.7 13.5 4.3 5.0 11.3 14.0 4.7 6.3
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/
   Neurological Disorder9
2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 0.6 3.0 0.5 0.6 4.3 5.3 0.4 0.6
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 26.1 25.0 25.6 24.9 25.2 24.3 24.9a 20.6 14.0 16.3 18.1a 13.4
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 17.3 18.3 17.4 18.3 10.3 10.5 12.2 11.5 10.7 7.2 10.9 10.0
Got into Physical Fights 6.1a 4.2 5.4 3.9 7.1 4.0 6.3a 4.4 2.2 1.7 4.2 1.9
Had Problems with Home/Family 27.8 30.5 28.3 31.1 11.0 15.5 17.8 20.5 11.9 10.7 14.2 18.0
Had Problems with Friends 13.2 11.8 13.6 11.9 4.1 4.4 21.0 19.0 7.5a 3.3 10.8 9.8
Had Problems with People Other
   Than Family/Friends
8.9 8.4 9.2 8.6 3.4 3.2 10.5 9.3 4.0 3.7 5.2 5.7
Had Problems at School 19.1 17.9 19.0 17.4 10.5 13.4 21.1 22.3 13.6 12.4 13.3 12.0
Some Other Reason10 11.2a 8.5 11.0a 8.4 6.3 5.1 8.6 9.9 10.5 12.3 3.4 5.0
110502
Table 2.5A – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Source of Specialty Mental Health Service1 NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 566 516 365 349 667 651 594a 703 360 335
Outpatient 473 422 341 316 651 613 562a 663 293 281
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
   Counselor
502 432 299 278 599 611 466 540 176 167
Mental Health Clinic or Center 152 120 68 57 140 126 86a 124 35 47
Partial Day Hospital or Day
   Treatment Program
112 125 60a 35 47 63 66 81 16 15
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
   Family Preservation Worker
187 189 90 88 142 147 105 130 47 44
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight
   or Longer Stay)
168 166 51 75 116 107 87 96 73 70
Hospital 174 177 49 45 97 94 53 69 21 23
Residential Treatment Center 62 76 22 23 31 38 45 31 35 34
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
   Care Home
* * * * * * * 8 * *
110502
Table 2.5B – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Source of Specialty Mental Health Service1 NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 22.2 20.2 14.3 13.7 26.1 25.5 23.3a 27.5 14.1 13.1
Outpatient 20.4 18.4 14.7 13.8 28.1 26.7 24.2b 28.9 12.6 12.3
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor
24.6 21.3 14.6 13.7 29.3 30.1 22.8a 26.6 8.6 8.2
Mental Health Clinic or Center 31.6 25.3 14.2 11.9 29.1 26.7 17.8a 26.1 7.3 10.0
Partial Day Hospital or Day
   Treatment Program
37.3 39.1 20.0a 11.0 15.6 19.8 22.0 25.4 5.2 4.7
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
   Family Preservation Worker
32.7 31.7 15.7 14.7 24.8 24.5 18.5 21.7 8.3 7.4
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight
   or Longer Stay)
34.0 32.3 10.3 14.5 23.4 20.8 17.5 18.7 14.7 13.6
Hospital 44.2 43.3 12.5 11.1 24.7 23.0 13.3 17.0 5.3 5.6
Residential Treatment Center 31.6 37.9 11.4 11.3 15.8 18.7 23.2 15.3 18.0 16.7
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
   Care Home
* * * * * * * 8.3 * *
110502
Table 2.6A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 1,950 1,901 1,401 1,343 674 717 539 552
12 127 124 92 85 38 * * *
13 203 203 141 146 62 68 47 45
14 287 301 194 199 84 108 61 90
15 452 399 326 275 159 161 121 124
16 411 443 301 298 146 171 129 129
17 470 430 348 340 185 170 151 142
MALE 574 533 390 394 167 171 132 132
12 33 39 16 30 * * * *
13 44 42 35 32 * * * *
14 74 71 47 49 * * * *
15 146b 90 90 63 34 * * *
16 128 134 96 91 38 36 * *
17 149 158 106 128 52 61 * *
FEMALE 1,376 1,367 1,011 949 507 546 408 419
12 95 85 76 55 * * * *
13 159 162 106 114 50 56 * *
14 213 230 147 149 63 84 47 72
15 306 309 236 212 124 135 98 106
16 283 309 205 206 108 135 96 102
17 321 272 241 212 132 109 109 91
110502
Table 2.6B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 8.1 8.0 5.8 5.6 34.7 37.8 38.7 41.2
12 3.6 3.3 2.6 2.3 29.9 * * *
13 5.5 5.1 3.8 3.7 30.9 33.6 34.1 31.2
14 7.1 7.9 4.8 5.3 29.5 36.1 31.7a 45.4
15 10.4 9.8 7.5 6.7 35.5 40.4 37.6 45.1
16 9.9 10.9 7.2 7.3 35.5 38.8 43.0 43.4
17 10.9 10.3 8.1 8.1 39.4 39.5 43.4 41.8
MALE 4.7 4.4 3.2 3.2 29.3 32.1 34.0 33.6
12 1.8 2.0 0.9 1.6 * * * *
13 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.6 * * * *
14 3.6 3.8 2.3 2.6 * * * *
15 6.4a 4.2 3.9 3.0 23.4 * * *
16 5.8 6.3 4.3 4.3 29.6 27.1 * *
17 7.0 7.3 5.0 5.9 35.2 38.4 * *
FEMALE 11.7 11.8 8.6 8.2 37.0 40.1 40.6 44.3
12 5.4 4.8 4.3 3.1 * * * *
13 8.5 8.3 5.7 5.9 31.4 34.7 * *
14 10.6 12.1 7.4 7.9 29.8 36.8 31.6a 48.3
15 14.9 15.8 11.5 10.8 41.4 43.5 42.2 50.1
16 14.6 15.7 10.6 10.5 38.2 43.8 46.7 49.6
17 14.8 13.5 11.1 10.5 41.3 40.2 45.2 42.9
110502
Table 2.7A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 1,950 1,901 1,401 1,343 674 717 539 552
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,589 1,526 1,145 1,084 556 573 440 445
White 1,174 1,173 853 844 440 482 349 376
Black or African American 286 237 205 158 72 54 59 42
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 10 5 7 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1 * * * * * *
Asian 73 57 48 45 * * * *
Two or More Races 41 48 31 30 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 361 375 255 258 118 145 100 107
110502
Table 2.7B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 8.1 8.0 5.8 5.6 34.7 37.8 38.7 41.2
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.2 8.0 5.9 5.7 35.1 37.6 38.6 41.1
White 8.3 8.5 6.0 6.1 37.6 41.2 41.0 44.6
Black or African American 7.9 6.8 5.7 4.5 25.4 23.1 29.1 26.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.5 7.4 4.3 5.4 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1.8 * * * * * *
Asian 7.6 5.6 5.0 4.3 * * * *
Two or More Races 7.9 9.4 6.0 5.9 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 7.7 7.8 5.4 5.4 33.1 38.6 39.3 41.5
110503
Table 2.8A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 1,950 1,901 1,401 1,343 674 717 539 552
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 293 301 223 215 127 122 109 90
Midwest 455 423 319 309 167 177 125 149
South 667 742 485 522 197a 269 164 197
West 536a 436 374a 296 184 150 141 116
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,017 988 735 701 335 347 266 270
Small Metro 607 582 423 411 221 238 169 185
Nonmetro 326 331 243 231 118 133 104 97
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 338 337 249 260 110 114 87 91
100-199% 462 527 331 356 147a 206 120 149
200% or More 1,151 1,036 820 726 417 398 332 312
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 438 476 316 356 143 186 111 143
No 1,512 1,424 1,085 987 532 531 428 409
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 1,193 1,127 833 790 418 433 327 338
Medicaid/CHIP6 562 615 421 460 200 251 163 198
Other7 95 83 81 58 * * * *
No Coverage 179 169 122 110 45 51 * *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 464 415 325 284 136 134 115 101
Very Good 841 816 594 575 291 292 228 232
Good 521 524 386 375 188 214 145 164
Fair/Poor 124 143 95 108 59 77 * 56
110503
Table 2.8B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 8.1 8.0 5.8 5.6 34.7 37.8 38.7 41.2
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7.0 7.2 5.3 5.2 43.6 40.7 49.3 42.0
Midwest 8.6 8.1 6.0 5.9 36.7 42.0 39.4a 48.2
South 7.6 8.5 5.5 6.0 29.6 36.3 33.9 37.9
West 9.3a 7.7 6.5 5.2 34.6 34.4 38.0 39.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 8.0 7.8 5.8 5.5 33.1 35.2 36.4 38.6
Small Metro 8.1 7.9 5.6 5.6 36.6 40.9 40.3 45.0
Nonmetro 8.5 8.9 6.3 6.2 36.4 40.2 42.8 42.1
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 7.4 7.2 5.5 5.5 32.9 33.9 35.2 35.1
100-199% 8.6 9.0 6.2 6.1 32.1 39.0 36.6 41.9
200% or More 8.1 7.8 5.8 5.5 36.3 38.4 40.6 43.0
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 8.4 8.4 6.1 6.3 32.9 39.2 35.5 40.3
No 8.0 7.8 5.7 5.4 35.2 37.3 39.6 41.5
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 7.8 7.7 5.5 5.4 35.1 38.5 39.3 42.8
Medicaid/CHIP6 8.1 8.5 6.1 6.4 36.0 40.8 39.2 43.1
Other7 8.9 7.9 7.5 5.5 * * * *
No Coverage 9.8 9.0 6.7 5.9 25.6 30.4 * *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 5.6 5.2 3.9 3.5 29.3 32.3 35.3 35.6
Very Good 8.3 8.1 5.9 5.7 34.7 35.9 38.6 40.3
Good 10.9 10.8 8.1 7.8 36.4 40.8 38.0 43.6
Fair/Poor 15.0 17.5 11.6 13.2 48.1 54.1 * 51.7
110519
Table 2.9A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Substance Total1
(2009)
Total1
(2010)
MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 4,809 4,730 697 708 3,994 3,893
Marijuana and Hashish 3,339 3,400 472 480 2,787 2,825
Cocaine 240 239 43 46 194 177
Crack 28 18 9 9 18 9
Heroin 34 28 10 10 25 18
Hallucinogens 735 747 133 147 580 570
LSD 142 135 43a 24 96 103
PCP 47 35 12 8 35 26
Ecstasy 416 466 75 97 329 354
Inhalants 956 881 157 167 755 681
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 1,885 1,812 375 323 1,463 1,433
Pain Relievers 1,616 1,522 313 262 1,260 1,212
OxyContin® 223 234 52 33 165 186
Tranquilizers 460 466 111 103 338 345
Stimulants4 333 324 96 76 229 234
Methamphetamine4 85 98 27 20 55 73
Sedatives 126 111 39 31 79 72
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,835 2,753 486 495 2,273 2,182
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 506 456 70 59 428 386
Heavy Alcohol Use6 517b 409 82a 48 428a 349
110519
Table 2.9B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Substance Total1
(2009)
Total1
(2010)
MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 19.5 19.4 35.7 37.2 18.0 17.8
Marijuana and Hashish 13.6 14.0 24.2 25.3 12.6 12.9
Cocaine 1.0 1.0 2.2 2.4 0.9 0.8
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.0 3.1 6.8 7.7 2.6 2.6
LSD 0.6 0.6 2.2a 1.2 0.4 0.5
PCP 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1
Ecstasy 1.7 1.9 3.8 5.1 1.5 1.6
Inhalants 3.9 3.6 8.0 8.8 3.4 3.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 7.7 7.4 19.2 17.0 6.6 6.5
Pain Relievers 6.6 6.2 16.0 13.8 5.7 5.5
OxyContin® 0.9 1.0 2.7 1.7 0.7 0.8
Tranquilizers 1.9 1.9 5.7 5.4 1.5 1.6
Stimulants4 1.4 1.3 4.9 4.0 1.0 1.1
Methamphetamine4 0.3 0.4 1.4 1.1 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 2.0 1.6 0.4 0.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.5 11.3 24.9 26.1 10.3 10.0
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 2.1 1.9 3.6 3.1 1.9 1.8
Heavy Alcohol Use6 2.1a 1.7 4.2a 2.5 1.9a 1.6
110519
Table 2.10A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2009)
Total1
(2010)
MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 1,058 1,147 246 272 776 831
Marijuana 830 863 161 154 645 670
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 393 467 136 163 236 285
Alcohol 1,130 1,102 231 234 864 828
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 454 474 110 127 321 324
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 1,733 1,775 368 379 1,319 1,334
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 571 616 164 151 388 439
Marijuana 444 460 102 86 331 357
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 197 241 80 83 107 143
Alcohol 477 404 126 103 341 284
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 140 137 53 43 81 90
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 908 883 237 211 648 634
110519
Table 2.10B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2009)
Total1
(2010)
MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 4.3 4.7 12.6 14.3 3.5 3.8
Marijuana 3.4 3.5 8.3 8.1 2.9 3.1
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.6a 1.9 7.0 8.6 1.1 1.3
Alcohol 4.6 4.5 11.9 12.3 3.9 3.8
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1.8 1.9 5.6 6.7 1.4 1.5
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 7.0 7.3 18.9 19.9 6.0 6.1
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 2.3 2.5 8.4 7.9 1.8 2.0
Marijuana 1.8 1.9 5.2 4.5 1.5 1.6
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.8 1.0 4.1 4.4 0.5 0.7
Alcohol 1.9 1.7 6.5 5.4 1.5 1.3
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.6 0.6 2.7 2.2 0.4 0.4
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 3.7 3.6 12.2 11.1 2.9 2.9
110503
Table 2.11A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL3 629 659 502 517
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 147 150 123 126
Other Medical Doctor4 28 43 26 36
Psychologist 203 215 163 193
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 132 177 112a 156
Social Worker 114 97 97 82
Counselor 360 381 305 300
Other Mental Health Professional5 32 53 30 50
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
   Health Professional
43 44 36 38
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 77 90 64 71
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
   Massage Therapist
13 13 11 11
Other7 3 2 2 2
110503
Table 2.11B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2009)
MDE
(2010)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 23.9 22.9 24.9 24.7
Other Medical Doctor4 4.6 6.6 5.3 7.1
Psychologist 32.8 32.9 33.1 37.7
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 21.4 27.1 22.7a 30.5
Social Worker 18.4 14.9 19.6 16.1
Counselor 58.2 58.4 61.7 58.6
Other Mental Health Professional5 5.2 8.0 6.0 9.8
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
   Health Professional
7.0 6.7 7.3 7.4
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 12.5 13.8 13.0 13.9
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
   Massage Therapist
2.1 2.0 2.3 2.1
Other7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
110503
Table 2.12A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2009 and 2010
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2010)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 674 717 394 406 45 57 234 253
GENDER                
Male 167 171 107 87 8 20 52 64
Female 507 546 287 319 38 37 182 189
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 556 573 324 309 30 45 200 218
White 440 482 237 241 26 44 178 197
Black or African American 72 54 55 45 4 * * 10
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * 1 * * *
Hispanic or Latino 118 145 70 97 15 12 33 35
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 110 114 66 63 9a 2 35 48
100-199% 147a 206 83 109 18 29 45 68
200% or More 417 398 244 234 18 26 153 136
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 143 186 79 103 11 12 54 71
No 532 531 315 304 35 45 180 182
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 418 433 246 226 14a 41 156 165
Medicaid/CHIP4 200 251 116 135 18 14 67a 102
Other5 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 45 51 22 * * 2 11 11
110503
Table 2.12B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2009 and 2010
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2010)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009 and 2010.
TOTAL 34.7 37.8 20.3 21.4 2.3 3.0 12.0 13.3
GENDER                
Male 29.3 32.1 18.8 16.3 1.4a 3.7 9.1 12.0
Female 37.0 40.1 20.9 23.4 2.7 2.7 13.2 13.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 35.1 37.6 20.5 20.3 1.9 2.9 12.6 14.3
White 37.6 41.2 20.2 20.6 2.2 3.7 15.2 16.8
Black or African American 25.4 23.1 19.4 19.0 1.2 * * 4.1
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * 1.8 * * *
Hispanic or Latino 33.1 38.6 19.5 26.0 4.3 3.3 9.3 9.2
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 32.9 33.9 19.7 18.9 2.6 0.6 10.5 14.4
100-199% 32.1 39.0 18.3 20.7 3.9 5.4 9.8 12.9
200% or More 36.3 38.4 21.3 22.6 1.6 2.5 13.3 13.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 32.9 39.2 18.1 21.7 2.4 2.6 12.2 14.9
No 35.2 37.3 20.9 21.4 2.3 3.1 11.9 12.8
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 35.1 38.5 20.7 20.1 1.2a 3.6 13.1 14.6
Medicaid/CHIP4 36.0 40.8 20.8 21.9 3.1 2.3 11.9 16.6
Other5 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 25.6 30.4 12.5 * * 1.3 6.3 6.8
110426
Table 2.13A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2010
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2010.
TOTAL 2,225b 2,191b 1,969 2,016 2,014 1,950 1,901
AGE              
12-13 445b 417a 383 336 364 331 327
14-15 783 811a 685 706 703 739 699
16-17 997a 964 901 973 947 881 874
GENDER              
Male 637a 571 540 582 538 574 533
Female 1,588b 1,620b 1,429 1,433 1,476 1,376 1,367
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,848b 1,802b 1,610 1,691a 1,666 1,589 1,526
White 1,413b 1,390b 1,215 1,282 1,253 1,174 1,173
Black or African American 287 288 245 293 260 286 237
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 10 12 7 13 9 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1
Asian 82 63 77 67 72 73 57
Two or More Races 51 41 53 41 59 41 48
Hispanic or Latino 377 389 359 324 348 361 375
110426
Table 2.13B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2010
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2010.
TOTAL 9.0b 8.8a 7.9 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.0
AGE              
12-13 5.4a 5.2a 4.9 4.3 4.8 4.6 4.3
14-15 9.2 9.5 7.9 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.9
16-17 12.3a 11.5 10.7 11.5 11.1 10.4 10.6
GENDER              
Male 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.4
Female 13.1a 13.3b 11.8 11.9 12.4 11.7 11.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.9a 8.7 7.9 8.4 8.4 8.2 8.0
White 9.2 9.1 8.1 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.5
Black or African American 7.7 7.6 6.4 7.8 7.0 7.9 6.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.8 6.1 9.3 4.6 10.1 7.5 7.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1.8
Asian 8.3 6.0 7.6 6.8 7.6 7.6 5.6
Two or More Races 11.7 10.5 13.0 10.0 12.0 7.9 9.4
Hispanic or Latino 9.1 9.1 8.0 7.1 7.5 7.7 7.8
110426
Table 2.14A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2010
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,934 3,104 3,378b 3,394b 3,295b 3,113 3,126 2,920 2,934
Outpatient 2,662 2,795 3,015b 3,048b 2,934b 2,781 2,811a 2,635 2,617
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor
2,254 2,347 2,523b 2,573b 2,418a 2,362 2,386 2,281 2,249
Mental Health Clinic or Center 611 635a 716b 657a 589 579 560 533 543
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
   Program
440a 425 439a 449a 473b 416 370 339 360
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
   Preservation Worker
693 656 762 731 717 703 707 651 668
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
   Stay)
588 626 705a 696a 670 628 598 565 586
Hospital 422 467 515 529a 517 510 462 435 445
Residential Treatment Center 224 233 299b 229 225 199 195 211 215
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 157a 179b 158a 143 129 112 118 92 107
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2,919 2,935
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or
   School Counselor
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2,276 2,194
Special School or Program within a Regular
   School for Students with Emotional or
   Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 970 1,049
MEDICAL                  
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 657 732b 840b 810b 694a 692a 706a 603 594
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1,190 1,243
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                  
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 109 80
110426
Table 2.14B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2010
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2010.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.5 13.5b 13.5b 13.1a 12.5 12.7 12.0 12.2
Outpatient 10.8 11.3 12.1b 12.1b 11.7a 11.1 11.4 10.8 10.9
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor
9.2 9.5 10.1a 10.2a 9.6 9.4 9.7 9.3 9.3
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.5 2.6 2.9b 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
   Program
1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9a 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
   Preservation Worker
2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
   Stay)
2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4
Hospital 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 1.2a 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.6a 0.7b 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 12.1 12.3
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or
   School Counselor
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9.4 9.2
Special School or Program within a Regular
   School for Students with Emotional or
   Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.0 4.4
MEDICAL                  
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.7 2.9a 3.4b 3.2b 2.8 2.8 2.9a 2.5 2.5
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.9 5.2
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                  
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.4 0.3

Go to Top of PageGo to the Table of Contents