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70430
Table 3.1A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Risk/Availability
Total
AGE GROUP
12-17
18-25
26 or Older
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1
               
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 179,990 180,432 17,158 17,290 22,595a 23,029 140,236 140,113
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 91,661a 94,982 8,487 8,667 7,874 7,961 75,300a 78,353
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 123,054 123,881 13,777 13,606 11,920 11,680 97,357 98,595
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 170,419 172,066 12,151 12,196 20,060 20,288 138,207 139,583
Use Once or Twice a Week 214,452 215,071 19,894 19,754 27,639 27,791 166,919 167,527
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 196,045b 198,716 13,994 14,164 24,676b 25,201 157,375a 159,350
Use Once or Twice a Week 224,922b 226,799 20,276 20,129 30,105 30,295 174,541b 176,375
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 172,935 173,327 12,445 12,424 19,821a 20,311 140,669 140,591
Use Once or Twice a Week 211,266 212,265 18,361b 18,020 27,298 27,239 165,607a 167,007
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 166,577b 169,340 16,028 16,265 20,005 20,298 130,544a 132,777
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 100,148 101,928 9,636 9,887 10,566 10,648 79,945 81,393
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2
               
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 133,697 134,251 12,601 12,397 24,524 24,700 96,571 97,155
Cocaine 70,672 72,114 6,073 6,323 13,199 13,205 51,401 52,586
Crack 66,430 66,933 6,149 6,377 10,263 10,253 50,019 50,302
Heroin 40,101 41,230 3,384 3,479 5,964 5,975 30,753 31,776
LSD 40,919 40,483 3,732b 3,310 7,075b 6,652 30,111 30,522
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 18,309 19,099 3,926 3,879 6,134 6,002 8,249a 9,219
70430
Table 3.1B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Risk/Availability
Total
AGE GROUP
12-17
18-25
26 or Older
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1
               
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 74.4 73.8 68.3 68.7 69.8 70.6 76.1 75.1
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 38.3 39.3 34.0 34.7 24.4 24.5 41.3 42.5
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5 51.2 55.0 54.2 37.0 35.9 53.6 53.5
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 71.1 71.1 48.8 49.0 62.4 62.6 75.7 75.6
Use Once or Twice a Week 89.4a 88.8 79.9 79.2 85.8 85.7 91.3 90.7
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 81.8 82.2 56.5 57.2 76.9 77.9 86.1 86.3
Use Once or Twice a Week 93.8 93.8 81.8 81.2 93.7 93.6 95.5 95.5
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 72.8 72.4 51.7 51.6 62.1 63.3 77.5 76.7
Use Once or Twice a Week 88.8 88.5 76.1a 74.7 85.5 84.9 91.1 91.0
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 69.0 69.5 63.8 64.6 61.8 62.3 71.0 71.4
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 41.5 41.8 38.4 39.4 32.7 32.7 43.5 43.8
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2
               
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 57.3 57.1 51.0 50.1 76.5 76.5 54.7 54.5
Cocaine 30.8 31.2 24.9 25.9 42.0 41.7 29.6 30.0
Crack 29.0 29.0 25.3 26.2 32.8 32.5 28.8 28.8
Heroin 17.6 17.9 14.0 14.4 19.1 19.0 17.8 18.2
LSD 18.0 17.6 15.7b 14.0 22.7b 21.2 17.4 17.5
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 7.5 7.8 15.5 15.3 18.9 18.4 4.5 4.9
70430
Table 3.2A – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
CIGARETTES
ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
17,158 17,290 16,028 16,265 9,636 9,887
AGE
           
12-13 5,522 5,429 5,380 5,357 3,394 3,385
14-15 5,902 5,990 5,488 5,554 3,241 3,350
16-17 5,734 5,871 5,160 5,353 3,001 3,152
GENDER
           
Male 8,278 8,307 7,595 7,660 4,475 4,654
Female 8,881 8,983 8,433 8,604 5,161 5,234
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,293 14,190 13,367 13,356 7,942 8,051
White 10,447 10,506 9,641 9,607 5,284 5,405
Black or African American 2,708 2,588 2,510 2,566 1,863 1,906
American Indian or Alaska Native 91 72 88 73 64 50
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 707 695 805 729 535 470
Two or More Races 284 263 274 297 152 151
Hispanic or Latino 2,865b 3,101 2,661b 2,908 1,694 1,836
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 9,356 9,409 8,925 8,981 5,225 5,467
Small Metro 5,075 5,153 4,654 4,834 2,890 2,876
Nonmetro 2,727 2,728 2,449 2,450 1,521 1,544
70430
Table 3.2B – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
CIGARETTES
ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
68.3 68.7 63.8 64.6 38.4 39.4
AGE
           
12-13 68.1 68.7 66.2 67.5 41.8 43.0
14-15 68.4 68.3 63.7 63.4 37.6 38.3
16-17 68.5 69.1 61.6 63.0 35.9 37.1
GENDER
           
Male 64.5 64.6 59.2 59.6 34.9 36.3
Female 72.3 73.0 68.6 69.7 42.0 42.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 68.8 68.7 64.3 64.6 38.2 39.0
White 68.2 69.4 62.9 63.4 34.5 35.7
Black or African American 71.3a 67.5 66.0 66.8 49.1 49.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 56.6 53.3 54.4 53.8 40.0 37.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 68.4 68.5 77.3 71.8 51.3 46.5
Two or More Races 71.6 63.7 69.0 72.4 38.3 37.1
Hispanic or Latino 66.3 68.7 61.5 64.3 39.2 40.8
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 69.2 69.5 66.0 66.2 38.7 40.4
Small Metro 68.6 68.2 62.9 64.0 39.1 38.2
Nonmetro 65.0 67.0 58.3 60.0 36.3 37.9
70430
Table 3.3A – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
MARIJUANA
COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month
Smoke Once or Twice a Week
Use Once a Month
Use Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
8,487 8,667 13,777 13,606 12,151 12,196 19,894 19,754
AGE
               
12-13 3,431 3,403 5,314 5,113 3,393 3,285 5,943 5,692
14-15 2,822 2,925 4,735 4,759 4,063 4,235 6,878 6,917
16-17 2,233 2,339 3,729 3,734 4,695 4,675 7,073 7,145
GENDER
               
Male 3,975 4,092 6,641 6,529 6,248 6,206 10,191 10,043
Female 4,511 4,576 7,137 7,077 5,902 5,990 9,703 9,711
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,942 7,052 11,483 11,214 10,126 10,143 16,700a 16,420
White 5,078 5,203 8,860 8,582 7,301 7,350 12,591 12,352
Black or African American 1,299 1,314 1,674 1,744 2,076 2,054 2,832 2,807
American Indian or Alaska Native 38 49 68 54 72 58 105 94
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 394 320 638 554 449 434 810 738
Two or More Races 102 109 197 200 184 183 304 340
Hispanic or Latino 1,545 1,615 2,295 2,391 2,024 2,052 3,194a 3,333
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 4,370 4,547 7,244 7,191 6,429 6,564 10,640 10,619
Small Metro 2,572 2,546 4,119 4,089 3,662 3,645 5,896 5,920
Nonmetro 1,545 1,575 2,414 2,326 2,059 1,986 3,358 3,215
70430
Table 3.3B – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
MARIJUANA
COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month
Smoke Once or Twice a Week
Use Once a Month
Use Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
34.0 34.7 55.0 54.2 48.8 49.0 79.9 79.2
AGE
               
12-13 42.6 43.6 65.8 65.0 42.3 42.1 74.0 72.7
14-15 32.9 33.5 55.1 54.5 47.5 48.9 80.3 79.8
16-17 26.7 27.6 44.5 44.0 56.5 55.4 85.0 84.6
GENDER
               
Male 31.1 32.0 51.9 51.0 49.2 49.0 80.2 79.0
Female 36.9 37.4 58.3 57.6 48.4 49.0 79.5 79.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 33.6 34.4 55.4 54.5 49.2 49.7 81.0 80.3
White 33.4 34.6 58.1 56.9 48.2 49.1 83.0 82.4
Black or African American 34.1 34.4 44.0 45.6 54.8 54.0 74.7 73.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 24.0a 36.5 43.3 39.9 45.2 43.7 65.8 70.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 38.2 31.5 61.6 54.8 43.3 43.4 78.1 73.9
Two or More Races 26.1 26.7 50.0 49.1 47.1 45.3 77.9 84.1
Hispanic or Latino 35.9 36.0 53.0 53.1 47.2 45.8 74.6 74.1
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 32.5 33.8 53.7 53.2 48.0 49.0 79.4 79.0
Small Metro 34.9 33.9 56.0 54.4 50.0 48.9 80.2 79.2
Nonmetro 37.0 38.9 57.7 57.3 49.6 49.2 80.9 79.6
70430
Table 3.4A – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
HEROIN
LSD
Try Once or Twice
Use Once or Twice a Week
Try Once or Twice
Use Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
13,994 14,164 20,276 20,129 12,445 12,424 18,361b 18,020
AGE
               
12-13 3,615 3,593 5,795 5,534 3,348 3,193 5,184 4,983
14-15 4,763 4,946 7,053 7,135 4,282 4,393 6,419 6,278
16-17 5,616 5,625 7,427 7,460 4,815 4,838 6,758 6,759
GENDER
               
Male 7,260 7,289 10,349 10,187 6,355 6,271 9,349a 9,124
Female 6,734 6,875 9,928 9,942 6,090 6,153 9,012 8,895
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 11,509 11,618 16,989a 16,749 10,218 10,162 15,415b 14,944
White 8,324 8,374 12,807 12,623 7,364 7,263 11,680 11,294
Black or African American 2,301 2,359 2,879 2,848 2,061 2,128 2,531 2,545
American Indian or Alaska Native 87 77 121 96 77 68 103 91
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 516 505 808 742 477 443 746 618
Two or More Races 230 239 313 358 190 203 293 316
Hispanic or Latino 2,485 2,547 3,287 3,380 2,227 2,262 2,946a 3,076
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 7,502 7,621 10,926 10,805 6,585 6,615 9,819 9,707
Small Metro 4,162 4,288 5,941 6,083 3,770 3,751 5,460 5,398
Nonmetro 2,330 2,256 3,409 3,241 2,089 2,058 3,082 2,915
70430
Table 3.4B – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
HEROIN
LSD
Try Once or Twice
Use Once or Twice a Week
Try Once or Twice
Use Once or Twice a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
56.5 57.2 81.8 81.2 51.7 51.6 76.1a 74.7
AGE
               
12-13 45.6 46.5 73.0 71.5 44.1 43.1 68.2 66.8
14-15 55.7 57.4 82.4 82.7 51.4 52.6 76.9 75.1
16-17 67.6 66.8 89.5 88.6 59.0 58.3 82.5 81.5
GENDER
               
Male 57.4 57.8 81.8 80.7 51.8 51.1 76.0a 74.3
Female 55.5 56.6 81.7 81.7 51.5 52.2 76.1 75.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 56.1 57.2 82.7 82.4 51.3 51.5 77.1b 75.6
White 55.2 56.2 84.7 84.7 50.2 50.3 79.3a 77.9
Black or African American 61.0 62.4 76.4 75.2 56.2 57.7 69.0 69.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 55.5 60.2 75.9 74.8 48.9 55.2 66.7 73.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 50.5 51.2 78.9 74.8 49.0 46.1 76.4b 63.8
Two or More Races 58.4 59.3 80.0b 89.0 50.0 52.7 76.6 80.9
Hispanic or Latino 58.1 57.2 77.1 75.9 53.6 52.1 70.8 71.0
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 56.2 57.2 81.7 81.0 51.0 51.1 75.9 74.9
Small Metro 57.0 57.7 81.3 81.7 52.8 52.0 76.2 74.6
Nonmetro 56.4 56.4 82.6 80.7 51.9 52.8 76.4 74.4
70430
Table 3.5A – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana
Cocaine
Crack
Heroin
LSD
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
12,601 12,397 6,073 6,323 6,149 6,377 3,384 3,479 3,732b 3,310
AGE
                   
12-13 1,738a 1,586 1,038 1,021 1,230 1,242 698 670 533 458
14-15 4,578 4,578 2,116 2,207 2,251 2,375 1,209 1,317 1,330 1,197
16-17 6,285 6,233 2,920 3,095 2,668 2,760 1,476 1,492 1,870b 1,655
GENDER
                   
Male 6,296 6,196 2,653 2,724 2,553a 2,736 1,406 1,474 1,634b 1,426
Female 6,305 6,200 3,421 3,599 3,596 3,641 1,978 2,005 2,099b 1,884
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,502 10,297 4,892 5,027 5,043 5,172 2,787 2,771 3,059b 2,702
White 7,838 7,582 3,637 3,629 3,617 3,555 1,972 1,893 2,395b 2,081
Black or African American 1,978 1,990 991 1,088 1,121 1,256 645 720 464 444
American Indian or Alaska Native 83a 53 29 20 28 21 22 9 16 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 368 398 137 168 162 200 92 84 117 103
Two or More Races 200 226 82 115 97 119 48 53 55 54
Hispanic or Latino 2,099 2,100 1,181 1,296 1,106 1,205 597 708 674 608
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 6,902 6,733 3,349 3,408 3,363 3,409 1,821 1,848 2,035a 1,808
Small Metro 3,675 3,774 1,812 1,958 1,795 1,975 1,007 1,109 1,121 1,037
Nonmetro 2,024 1,890 912 957 991 993 556 523 576b 465
70430
Table 3.5B – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana
Cocaine
Crack
Heroin
LSD
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
51.0 50.1 24.9 25.9 25.3 26.2 14.0 14.4 15.7b 14.0
AGE
                   
12-13 22.0 20.7 13.2 13.4 15.7 16.4 9.0 8.9 7.0 6.3
14-15 53.8 52.9 25.2 25.9 26.8 28.0 14.5 15.6 16.2a 14.4
16-17 75.5 73.9 36.0 37.5 32.9 33.4 18.3 18.2 23.4b 20.4
GENDER
                   
Male 49.9 49.0 21.3 21.8 20.5a 22.0 11.4 11.9 13.4b 11.7
Female 52.1 51.2 28.8 30.2 30.2 30.6 16.7 17.0 18.1a 16.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 51.4 50.7 24.3 25.2 25.0 25.9 13.9 14.0 15.5b 13.9
White 52.1 51.0 24.6 24.8 24.4 24.4 13.4 13.1 16.5b 14.6
Black or African American 52.9 52.4 26.9 29.1 30.3a 33.5 17.6 19.4 12.9 12.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 51.8 41.1 18.7 15.7 18.0 16.1 14.0 7.2 10.0 7.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 35.7 40.1 13.4 17.4 15.9 20.9 9.3 8.8 11.7 11.0
Two or More Races 51.2 56.1 21.2 29.0 25.2 30.2 12.4 13.7 14.7 14.4
Hispanic or Latino 49.0 47.3 28.0 29.3 26.3 27.3 14.3 16.1 16.5 14.1
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 51.7 50.5 25.5 26.0 25.7 26.0 14.0 14.2 15.9b 14.2
Small Metro 50.5 50.8 25.2 26.8 25.0 27.0 14.0 15.3 15.8 14.6
Nonmetro 49.2 47.3 22.6 24.3 24.5 25.3 13.9 13.4 14.6b 12.1
70430
Table 3.6A – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
22,726 22,841 22,512 22,650 23,203 23,321 22,209a 22,445
AGE
               
12-13 7,582 7,408 7,633 7,431 7,693 7,511 7,426 7,309
14-15 7,995 8,110 7,838 7,984 8,102 8,260 7,730 7,893
16-17 7,149 7,324 7,042 7,235 7,408 7,551 7,053 7,243
GENDER
               
Male 11,542 11,577 11,455 11,486 11,775 11,817 11,217 11,293
Female 11,184 11,264 11,057 11,164 11,428 11,504 10,992a 11,152
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,890 18,774 18,627 18,567 19,269 19,183 18,461 18,481
White 13,982 13,803 13,687 13,610 14,266 14,129 13,619 13,554
Black or African American 3,366 3,439 3,389 3,433 3,420 3,500 3,324 3,440
American Indian or Alaska Native 126 110 135 104 138 110 140 112
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 979 949 989 956 1,002 959 954 904
Two or More Races 363 369 360 358 372 378 353 364
Hispanic or Latino 3,836b 4,067 3,885b 4,083 3,934b 4,138 3,748b 3,964
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 12,330 12,365 12,109 12,161 12,484 12,523 12,053 12,130
Small Metro 6,700 6,850 6,611 6,781 6,833 7,014 6,521 6,745
Nonmetro 3,696 3,626 3,791 3,708 3,886 3,784 3,635 3,571
70430
Table 3.6B – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
91.1 91.4 90.2 90.4 92.9 93.1 88.9 89.6
AGE
               
12-13 94.8 94.9 95.2 94.9 95.7 95.9 92.2a 93.3
14-15 93.1 92.7 91.2 91.2 94.4 94.4 90.0 90.2
16-17 85.6 86.8 84.3 85.6 88.7 89.3 84.5 85.7
GENDER
               
Male 90.7 90.9 90.0 89.9 92.4 92.4 88.0 88.4
Female 91.6 91.9 90.5 91.0 93.5 93.8 89.8a 90.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 91.3 91.3 90.0 90.2 93.1 93.2 89.2 89.8
White 91.4 91.3 89.6 90.0 93.4 93.4 89.1 89.7
Black or African American 90.2 90.9 90.5 90.4 91.1 92.2 88.5a 90.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 83.8 82.9 88.0 78.1 89.8 82.0 93.8a 83.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 94.4 94.6 95.4 95.7 96.5 95.6 92.3 90.1
Two or More Races 91.9 89.6 91.1 87.2 94.4 92.0 89.3 88.5
Hispanic or Latino 90.2 91.6 91.0 91.5 92.1 92.8 87.5 89.0
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 92.0 91.9 90.3 90.3 93.0 92.9 89.8 90.1
Small Metro 90.8 91.2 89.6 90.1 92.6 93.3 88.3a 89.6
Nonmetro 88.8 89.9 91.0 91.5 93.3 93.3 87.1 88.1
70515
Table 3.7A – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
21,561 21,610 20,351 20,500 20,792 20,953 20,906 21,045
AGE
               
12-13 7,416 7,286 7,475 7,307 7,498 7,348 7,392 7,246
14-15 7,450 7,484 7,045 7,170 7,227 7,331 7,130 7,291
16-17 6,695 6,841 5,831 6,022 6,067 6,274 6,384 6,508
GENDER
               
Male 10,793 10,785 10,108 10,235 10,288 10,429 10,320 10,413
Female 10,768 10,825 10,242 10,265 10,504 10,523 10,585 10,632
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,891 17,768 16,822 16,786 17,195 17,178 17,332 17,280
White 13,205 13,076 12,356 12,302 12,723 12,658 12,742 12,702
Black or African American 3,185 3,247 3,020 3,093 3,019 3,096 3,120 3,151
American Indian or Alaska Native 129 94 134 100 128 100 131 100
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 955 890 932 883 943 895 942 888
Two or More Races 342 364 307 313 310 334 325 345
Hispanic or Latino 3,670b 3,842 3,529b 3,714 3,597b 3,775 3,573b 3,766
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 11,719 11,727 10,863 10,973 11,152 11,250 11,355 11,409
Small Metro 6,369 6,476 6,033 6,176 6,137 6,270 6,153 6,328
Nonmetro 3,473 3,407 3,455 3,351 3,503 3,433 3,398 3,308
70515
Table 3.7B – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
86.4 86.5 81.5 82.0 83.3 83.9 83.7 84.2
AGE
               
12-13 92.3 93.1 93.0 93.5 93.3 94.2 92.1 92.4
14-15 86.9 85.9 82.1 82.0 84.2 84.0 83.0 83.6
16-17 80.2 81.0 69.9 71.4 72.8 74.3 76.4 77.2
GENDER
               
Male 84.9 84.7 79.5 80.4 81.0 82.0 81.2 81.8
Female 87.9 88.3 83.6 83.7 85.8 85.9 86.4 86.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 86.5 86.5 81.4 81.7 83.2 83.7 83.8 84.2
White 86.5 86.6 80.9 81.4 83.4 83.8 83.4 84.0
Black or African American 84.8 85.8 80.5 82.0 80.6 82.1 83.0 83.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 82.0a 70.0 87.5b 74.5 83.1 74.2 86.8a 74.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 93.0 88.4 90.7 87.7 91.7 88.8 91.4 89.0
Two or More Races 86.5 88.7 77.6 76.7 78.4 81.7 82.1 84.1
Hispanic or Latino 85.7 86.3 82.4 83.4 84.0 85.0 83.5 84.4
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 87.3 87.2 80.9 81.5 83.1 83.7 84.5 84.8
Small Metro 86.5 86.4 81.9 82.4 83.3 83.7 83.6 84.4
Nonmetro 83.2 84.2 82.9 83.0 84.0 85.0 81.4 81.7
70515
Table 3.8A – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
22,054b 22,339 20,225a 20,483 20,386b 20,741 21,447a 21,670
AGE
               
12-13 7,461 7,308 7,425 7,262 7,417 7,274 7,449 7,247
14-15 7,602 7,742 6,975 7,135 7,032 7,211 7,348 7,475
16-17 6,991 7,289 5,825 6,086 5,937a 6,256 6,650 6,948
GENDER
               
Male 11,100 11,244 10,198 10,315 10,212a 10,406 10,739 10,831
Female 10,954a 11,094 10,026 10,168 10,174a 10,335 10,708 10,840
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,349 18,377 16,734 16,766 16,914 17,014 17,816 17,817
White 13,529 13,567 12,252 12,215 12,468 12,484 13,123 13,082
Black or African American 3,307 3,331 3,049 3,179 3,007 3,149 3,180 3,284
American Indian or Alaska Native 131 110 121 102 123 100 132 108
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 956 920 930 880 940 883 972 917
Two or More Races 356 353 319 299 312 304 339 334
Hispanic or Latino 3,705b 3,962 3,491b 3,717 3,472b 3,727 3,631b 3,853
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 11,934 12,056 10,758 10,972 10,851 11,104 11,614 11,760
Small Metro 6,527 6,669 6,049 6,110 6,091 6,196 6,372 6,458
Nonmetro 3,594 3,614 3,418 3,400 3,444 3,441 3,461 3,452
70515
Table 3.8B – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
88.2a 89.1 80.8 81.7 81.4b 82.8 85.6 86.4
AGE
               
12-13 92.8 92.9 92.1 92.3 92.0 92.4 92.2 91.9
14-15 88.4 88.6 81.1 81.6 81.6 82.5 85.4 85.5
16-17 83.6b 86.2 69.7a 72.0 70.9b 74.0 79.5b 82.2
GENDER
               
Male 87.1 88.0 79.9 80.8 80.0a 81.4 84.1 84.7
Female 89.3 90.2 81.8 82.7 82.9 84.1 87.2 88.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 88.6 89.2 80.7 81.4 81.6a 82.6 85.9 86.5
White 88.5a 89.6 80.1 80.7 81.5 82.5 85.8 86.4
Black or African American 87.8 87.8 80.8a 83.6 79.6b 82.9 84.5 86.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 85.4 81.6 78.0 76.1 80.0 74.8 83.6 80.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 91.7 91.8 89.4 87.6 90.3 87.8 94.0 91.3
Two or More Races 90.3 85.9 80.7a 72.6 78.7 74.0 85.4 81.1
Hispanic or Latino 86.4 88.6 81.4 83.2 80.7a 83.4 84.1 86.1
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 88.8 89.3 80.0 81.3 80.5a 82.3 86.2 87.1
Small Metro 88.5 88.8 81.9 81.3 82.4 82.5 86.2 85.9
Nonmetro 85.9b 89.2 81.8a 84.0 82.4a 84.9 82.7a 85.2
70430
Table 3.9A – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program
Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
5,867a 5,560 4,013b 3,692 3,037a 2,794
AGE
           
12-13 2,263b 2,010 1,813 1,693 917 879
14-15 1,963 1,886 1,319 1,233 1,196 1,129
16-17 1,641 1,663 881a 766 924a 787
GENDER
           
Male 2,772 2,708 2,012 1,892 1,497 1,443
Female 3,095a 2,852 2,001a 1,800 1,540b 1,351
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,882a 4,614 3,274b 3,009 2,381 2,290
White 3,376a 3,144 1,980a 1,806 1,434 1,384
Black or African American 1,091 1,051 1,019 885 787 724
American Indian or Alaska Native 35 26 35 22 19 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 256 276 144 206 101 92
Two or More Races 91 96 74 62 30 53
Hispanic or Latino 985 946 740 683 656b 504
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 3,186 3,030 2,209a 1,989 1,665 1,501
Small Metro 1,718 1,647 1,176 1,108 869 813
Nonmetro 963 883 629 594 503 480
70430
Table 3.9B – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program
Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
23.5a 22.4 15.9b 14.7 12.0a 11.1
AGE
           
12-13 28.4a 26.3 22.3 21.4 11.3 11.0
14-15 22.8 21.6 15.2 14.0 13.8 12.9
16-17 19.6 19.7 10.5a 9.0 11.0b 9.3
GENDER
           
Male 21.7 21.3 15.6 14.7 11.6 11.2
Female 25.4a 23.5 16.2a 14.6 12.5b 10.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 23.7 22.6 15.7a 14.6 11.4 11.1
White 22.2 21.1 12.9a 12.0 9.4 9.1
Black or African American 28.7 27.4 26.5b 22.9 20.5 18.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 22.4 19.9 22.0 16.5 11.7 11.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 24.7 27.9 13.8a 20.2 9.7 8.9
Two or More Races 23.6 23.3 19.0 15.2 7.5 12.7
Hispanic or Latino 22.9 21.3 17.0 15.1 15.1b 11.2
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 23.7 22.6 16.3b 14.7 12.3a 11.0
Small Metro 23.4 22.2 15.9 14.7 11.7 10.7
Nonmetro 23.2 22.0 15.0 14.6 12.0 11.8
70601
Table 3.10A – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
2,946 2,882 1,341 1,224 20,365b 19,937 15,002 15,013
AGE
               
12-13 1,178 1,115 604a 486 6,154 5,893 4,969 4,924
14-15 974 986 420 419 7,153 7,072 5,233 5,257
16-17 793 781 317 319 7,058 6,972 4,800 4,832
GENDER
               
Male 1,516 1,476 724 689 10,277b 9,940 7,511 7,403
Female 1,430 1,407 617 535 10,088 9,997 7,491 7,610
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,421 2,342 1,054 1,003 16,943b 16,459 12,345 12,259
White 1,574 1,508 637 633 12,567 12,117 9,550 9,339
Black or African American 644 606 312 273 2,987 2,975 1,950 2,026
American Indian or Alaska Native 21 14 13 11 125 98 98 71
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 116 133 56 51 891 847 485 516
Two or More Races 53 64 33 23 309 342 231 250
Hispanic or Latino 525 540 287 221 3,421 3,478 2,657 2,754
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 1,513 1,497 704 656 11,031 10,760 8,065 8,216
Small Metro 899 864 436a 360 6,013 6,004 4,506 4,437
Nonmetro 533 522 201 209 3,321 3,173 2,431 2,360
70601
Table 3.10B – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
11.7 11.4 5.3 4.9 81.1b 79.4 59.8 59.8
AGE
               
12-13 14.4 14.0 7.5a 6.2 76.1 74.9 61.5 62.4
14-15 11.2 11.2 4.8 4.8 82.8a 80.8 60.6 60.1
16-17 9.5 9.2 3.8 3.8 84.3b 82.1 57.3 57.0
GENDER
               
Male 11.8 11.5 5.6 5.4 80.1b 77.5 58.6 57.8
Female 11.6 11.4 5.0 4.3 82.1 81.3 61.1 61.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.6 11.3 5.1 4.9 81.5b 79.9 59.5 59.5
White 10.3 10.0 4.2 4.2 82.2b 80.4 62.6 61.9
Black or African American 16.7 15.7 8.1 7.1 78.2 77.1 51.0 52.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.8 10.7 7.9 8.5 77.5 72.6 62.7 52.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 11.1 12.9 5.4 5.0 85.4 83.9 46.4 50.8
Two or More Races 13.5 15.5 8.5 5.6 78.3 82.9 58.8 60.6
Hispanic or Latino 12.0 11.9 6.6a 4.9 79.1 77.1 61.4 61.2
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 11.1 11.0 5.2 4.8 81.6b 79.4 59.7 60.8
Small Metro 12.1 11.4 5.9a 4.8 81.3 80.0 61.1a 58.9
Nonmetro 12.7 12.8 4.8 5.1 79.2 78.2 58.0 58.1
70601
Table 3.11A – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
5,914 5,707 4,247 4,292 1,882 2,004
AGE
           
12-13 2,061 1,915 1,424 1,347 513 535
14-15 2,094 2,127 1,467 1,546 671a 791
16-17 1,759 1,665 1,355 1,399 698 678
GENDER
           
Male 3,590a 3,351 2,430 2,399 1,208 1,274
Female 2,324 2,357 1,817 1,894 674 730
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,708 4,557 3,333 3,343 1,547 1,577
White 3,175 3,010 2,246 2,246 930 975
Black or African American 1,207 1,186 835 846 499 471
American Indian or Alaska Native 42 50 37 32 13 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 154 180 129 122 54 73
Two or More Races 104 110 65 72 42 37
Hispanic or Latino 1,206 1,151 914 950 335a 427
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 3,281a 3,035 2,325 2,317 1,000 1,110
Small Metro 1,644 1,720 1,220 1,285 551 596
Nonmetro 989 953 702 691 331 298
70601
Table 3.11B – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
23.4 22.6 16.8 17.0 7.4 7.9
AGE
           
12-13 25.2 23.9 17.4 16.8 6.3 6.7
14-15 24.1 24.2 16.9 17.6 7.7a 9.0
16-17 20.9 19.6 16.1 16.5 8.3 8.0
GENDER
           
Male 27.8a 26.0 18.8 18.6 9.4 9.9
Female 18.8 19.0 14.7 15.3 5.4 5.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.5 21.9 16.0 16.1 7.4 7.6
White 20.7 19.8 14.6 14.8 6.1 6.4
Black or African American 31.4 30.6 21.7 21.9 13.0 12.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 25.9 37.2 22.6 23.6 8.1 7.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 14.6 17.5 12.3 12.0 5.2 7.1
Two or More Races 26.1 26.6 16.3 17.4 10.5 9.0
Hispanic or Latino 27.6 25.3 20.9 20.9 7.6 9.4
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 24.1a 22.3 17.1 17.0 7.3 8.1
Small Metro 22.1 22.7 16.4 16.9 7.4 7.9
Nonmetro 23.5 23.3 16.7 16.9 7.9 7.3
70601
Table 3.12A – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun
Sold Illegal Drugs
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
807 803 835 835 1,074a 1,204
AGE
           
12-13 167 182 68a 40 197 162
14-15 276 275 225 272 348b 472
16-17 364 346 542 522 529 570
GENDER
           
Male 689 678 578 596 692 781
Female 119 125 257 239 381 423
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 672 666 685 680 867 945
White 457 487 522 468 570a 673
Black or African American 162 147 131 154 204 199
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 10 7 7 13 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian * 6 1a 19 52 33
Two or More Races 13 13 23 29 23 26
Hispanic or Latino 135 137 150 155 206 259
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 393 393 451 445 616 702
Small Metro 231 251 253 271 312 344
Nonmetro 184 159 131 119 145 158
70601
Table 3.12B – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun
Sold Illegal Drugs
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.2a 4.8
AGE
           
12-13 2.0 2.3 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.0
14-15 3.2 3.1 2.6 3.1 4.0b 5.4
16-17 4.3 4.1 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.7
GENDER
           
Male 5.3 5.2 4.5 4.6 5.4 6.0
Female 1.0 1.0 2.1 1.9 3.1 3.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 4.1 4.5
White 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.7a 4.4
Black or African American 4.2 3.8 3.4 4.0 5.3 5.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.3 7.7 4.2 5.1 8.3 4.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian * 0.5 0.1a 1.9 4.9 3.2
Two or More Races 3.3 3.1 5.7 7.0 5.9 6.3
Hispanic or Latino 3.1 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.7 5.7
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.3 4.5 5.1
Small Metro 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.6 4.2 4.5
Nonmetro 4.4 3.9 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.8
70430
Table 3.13A – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
RISK FACTORS1
PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems2
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year3
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
6,185 6,312 6,023a 5,763 3,926 3,879 23,945 24,041 8,162 7,865
AGE
                   
12-13 2,122 2,042 1,481a 1,332 483 432 7,746 7,620 2,609 2,440
14-15 2,201 2,214 2,195 2,234 1,438 1,433 8,191 8,345 2,868 2,842
16-17 1,862a 2,056 2,347 2,196 2,005 2,014 8,009 8,076 2,686 2,583
GENDER
                   
Male 3,089 3,229 2,574b 2,334 2,304 2,267 12,134 12,216 3,873a 3,661
Female 3,096 3,083 3,449 3,429 1,622 1,612 11,811 11,825 4,290 4,203
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,829 4,937 5,063 4,876 3,184 3,117 19,827a 19,718 7,171 6,873
White 2,998 3,064 4,202 4,052 2,252 2,232 14,670 14,501 5,578 5,311
Black or African American 1,420 1,422 545 477 731 663 3,606 3,665 1,082 1,138
American Indian or Alaska Native 43 60 22 25 30 28 150 * 33 19
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 233 247 188 199 76 112 954 926 330 285
Two or More Races 120 105 86 109 78 72 375 398 128 90
Hispanic or Latino 1,356 1,374 961 886 742 761 4,118b 4,323 992 992
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 3,156 3,299 3,289 3,057 2,313 2,260 12,873 12,940 4,210 3,891
Small Metro 2,020 2,021 1,763 1,786 1,114 1,154 7,055 7,212 2,449 2,527
Nonmetro 1,009 992 972 920 499 464 4,017 3,889 1,504 1,446
70430
Table 3.13B – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
RISK FACTORS1
PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems2
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year3
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
24.9 25.4 24.1a 22.9 15.5 15.3 96.3 96.6 32.8 31.7
AGE
                   
12-13 26.7 26.3 18.4 16.8 5.9 5.4 96.3 97.0 32.7 31.6
14-15 25.7 25.5 25.5 25.6 16.6 16.3 96.0 96.6 33.4 32.8
16-17 22.4a 24.4 28.0a 26.0 23.8 23.7 96.4 96.2 32.3 30.7
GENDER
                   
Male 24.4 25.4 20.2b 18.2 17.8 17.5 95.6 96.2 30.5 28.9
Female 25.4 25.3 28.1 27.9 13.1 13.0 96.9 97.0 35.3 34.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 23.5 24.1 24.5 23.7 15.2 15.0 96.4 96.6 34.8 33.7
White 19.8 20.4 27.6 26.9 14.6 14.7 96.9 96.8 36.8 35.5
Black or African American 37.8 37.8 14.3 12.4 19.0 17.1 95.4 96.1 28.6 30.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 28.7b 45.7 13.8 18.2 18.7 20.4 94.3 * 20.9 14.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 22.6 24.3 18.1 19.5 7.2 10.9 92.7 96.0 31.9 28.7
Two or More Races 30.7 26.1 22.0 26.6 19.6 17.4 96.8 96.9 32.7a 22.3
Hispanic or Latino 31.9 31.0 22.1 19.6 16.9 16.8 95.7 96.5 23.3 22.4
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 23.6 24.6 24.4a 22.6 16.9 16.6 96.1 96.6 31.4a 29.1
Small Metro 27.6 27.1 23.8 23.7 14.9 15.2 96.3 96.7 33.4 34.0
Nonmetro 24.5 24.6 23.3 22.7 11.8 11.3 96.6 96.3 36.3 36.2
70430
Table 3.14A – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
19,063 19,069 16,834 16,919 8,637 8,684
AGE
           
12-13 6,511 6,389 5,911 5,777 3,134 3,207
14-15 6,576 6,569 5,725 5,874 2,959 2,983
16-17 5,976 6,111 5,197 5,267 2,544 2,494
GENDER
           
Male 9,395 9,433 8,372 8,369 4,374 4,332
Female 9,667 9,636 8,462 8,550 4,263 4,352
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,688 15,471 13,952 13,800 7,135 7,114
White 11,216 11,016 9,919 9,773 5,011 4,933
Black or African American 3,149 3,219 2,865 2,949 1,518 1,651
American Indian or Alaska Native 118 107 117 * 77 59
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 834 757 719 665 380 319
Two or More Races 305 283 276 243 124 116
Hispanic or Latino 3,375b 3,597 2,882b 3,119 1,502 1,570
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 10,173 10,218 8,845 8,949 4,250 4,345
Small Metro 5,636 5,681 5,054 5,082 2,705 2,625
Nonmetro 3,253 3,170 2,934 2,888 1,682 1,714
70430
Table 3.14B – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
76.9 77.0 67.9 68.3 34.9 35.1
AGE
           
12-13 82.1 82.7 74.3 74.9 39.5a 41.8
14-15 76.8 75.8 67.2 67.8 34.7 34.5
16-17 72.0 72.9 62.7 62.7 30.7 29.7
GENDER
           
Male 74.4 74.8 66.3 66.3 34.7 34.5
Female 79.5 79.3 69.7 70.4 35.1 35.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 76.3 76.0 67.9 67.8 34.8 35.0
White 74.0 73.8 65.6 65.4 33.2 33.1
Black or African American 84.1 85.4 76.4 78.1 40.7 43.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 74.2 80.5 73.4 * 49.8 44.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 81.3 75.0 69.7 66.3 36.7 31.5
Two or More Races 78.0a 69.8 70.9a 60.1 31.9 28.6
Hispanic or Latino 79.7 81.4 67.9 70.6 35.4 35.8
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 76.3 76.6 66.3 67.1 31.8 32.6
Small Metro 77.1 76.5 69.2 68.4 37.2 35.4
Nonmetro 78.5 79.0 70.8 72.2 40.9 43.1
70430
Table 3.15A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
22,114 22,136 9,724 9,936 21,667a 21,917 21,409b 21,755
AGE
               
12-13 7,204 7,005 4,060 4,099 7,385 7,326 7,303 7,269
14-15 7,711 7,698 3,311 3,436 7,437 7,524 7,328 7,475
16-17 7,200 7,433 2,353 2,401 6,846 7,067 6,778 7,011
GENDER
               
Male 11,289 11,267 4,986 5,061 11,212 11,311 11,099a 11,275
Female 10,825 10,869 4,738 4,875 10,455a 10,607 10,310a 10,480
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,229 18,219 7,832 7,819 18,005 18,053 17,798 17,966
White 13,310 13,212 5,654 5,566 13,419 13,314 13,234 13,330
Black or African American 3,520 3,557 1,375 1,471 3,242 3,355 3,238 3,290
American Indian or Alaska Native 143 111 68 45 134 112 139 111
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 822 880 534 520 823 826 800 783
Two or More Races 363 352 162 161 329 345 328 360
Hispanic or Latino 3,885 3,917 1,891b 2,117 3,661b 3,864 3,611b 3,789
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 11,808 11,871 5,391 5,601 11,610 11,827 11,446 11,742
Small Metro 6,600 6,708 2,915 2,924 6,452 6,528 6,378 6,461
Nonmetro 3,706 3,558 1,417 1,411 3,605 3,562 3,585 3,552
70430
Table 3.15B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
87.5 87.5 38.6 39.4 85.9 86.6 84.8b 86.0
AGE
               
12-13 88.0 87.6 49.8 51.4 90.3 91.4 89.3a 90.6
14-15 88.8 87.6 38.2 39.2 85.8 85.6 84.5 85.1
16-17 85.8a 87.4 28.1 28.3 81.6a 83.2 80.7a 82.6
GENDER
               
Male 87.6 87.4 38.7 39.3 87.1 87.6 86.1a 87.3
Female 87.5 87.7 38.5 39.5 84.6 85.6 83.5 84.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 87.3 87.8 37.6 37.8 86.3 86.9 85.2b 86.5
White 86.7 87.0 36.9 36.7 87.5 87.6 86.2b 87.6
Black or African American 91.4 91.9 35.8 38.1 84.2a 86.6 84.1 85.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 88.2 81.4 42.2 33.2 83.6 82.8 86.3 81.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 78.6a 85.6 51.0 50.7 78.7 80.1 76.4 76.8
Two or More Races 91.4a 85.3 41.2 39.0 83.1 83.3 82.6 87.0
Hispanic or Latino 88.9a 86.3 43.4 46.8 84.0 85.2 82.8 83.5
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 86.8 87.2 39.7 41.2 85.5a 86.8 84.2b 86.2
Small Metro 88.7 88.5 39.3 38.7 86.8 86.1 85.7 85.3
Nonmetro 88.0 86.9 33.8 34.6 85.5 87.0 85.2 86.7
70601
Table 3.16A – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
3,229 3,117 18,191 17,884 18,701 18,883 1,534 1,494 18,627 18,746
AGE
                   
12-13 815 766 5,903 5,697 5,993 5,909 415 366 6,175 5,982
14-15 1,120 1,111 6,565 6,461 6,552 6,658 591 570 6,460 6,495
16-17 1,294 1,240 5,723 5,726 6,156 6,316 528 558 5,992 6,269
GENDER
                   
Male 1,847 1,816 8,984 8,932 9,301 9,413 982 909 9,402 9,603
Female 1,382 1,301 9,207 8,952 9,400 9,470 552 585 9,224 9,144
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,418 2,382 15,245 14,914 15,504 15,518 1,195 1,167 15,461 15,495
White 1,817 1,763 11,388 11,066 11,323 11,369 898 814 11,353 11,393
Black or African American 413 421 2,662 2,641 2,969 2,908 237 266 2,940 2,891
American Indian or Alaska Native 24 13 97 74 99 93 13 * 103 90
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 116 114 765 755 788 774 12 32 740 749
Two or More Races 40 57 287 312 284 298 25 31 280 305
Hispanic or Latino 811 734 2,946 2,970 3,196 3,364 339 327 3,166 3,251
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 1,729 1,716 9,879 9,672 10,091 10,197 746 825 10,077 10,213
Small Metro 1,004 922 5,327 5,346 5,586 5,690 506 434 5,527 5,570
Nonmetro 496 479 2,985 2,865 3,024 2,995 283 236 3,022 2,963
70601
Table 3.16B – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
13.8 13.4 77.9 76.9 79.8a 80.9 6.8 6.7 79.6 80.4
AGE
                   
12-13 11.2 10.9 81.4 81.4 82.1 83.8 6.1 5.5 84.8 84.9
14-15 13.7 13.5 80.7a 78.9 80.2 81.0 7.5 7.2 79.1 79.1
16-17 16.2 15.4 72.0 71.1 77.1 78.2 6.8 7.1 75.2b 77.7
GENDER
                   
Male 15.5 15.2 75.4 75.0 77.7 78.7 8.6 8.0 78.8a 80.3
Female 12.1 11.4 80.5a 78.9 81.9 83.2 5.0 5.3 80.4 80.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
                   
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.3 12.3 78.0 77.0 79.1 79.9 6.4 6.3 78.9 79.8
White 12.4 12.2 77.7 76.6 77.0a 78.5 6.3 5.8 77.3a 78.7
Black or African American 12.1 12.4 78.2 78.0 86.8 85.5 7.3 8.2 86.0 84.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 18.9 11.7 75.5 64.5 76.8 81.3 10.2 * 81.7 78.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 12.4 12.2 82.2 81.5 84.6 83.2 1.3 3.6 79.6 80.5
Two or More Races 11.0 14.3 81.3 78.5 79.0 74.8 7.3 8.0 77.7 76.5
Hispanic or Latino 21.2 18.8 77.3 76.4 83.4 85.9 9.4 8.8 82.9 83.0
COUNTY TYPE
                   
Large Metro 13.7 13.7 78.6 77.4 79.9 81.3 6.2 6.9 79.9 81.4
Small Metro 14.5 13.1 77.3 76.1 80.7 80.8 7.6a 6.4 80.0 79.2
Nonmetro 12.8 12.8 76.9 76.7 77.6 79.7 7.6 6.5 77.6 79.1
70601
Table 3.17A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked That Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
18,535 18,531 18,580 18,577 15,914 15,948
AGE
           
12-13 6,449 6,299 6,458 6,343 5,153 5,058
14-15 6,525 6,564 6,547 6,575 5,669 5,742
16-17 5,561 5,668 5,575 5,660 5,092 5,148
GENDER
           
Male 9,818 9,788 9,553 9,656 7,818 7,962
Female 8,717 8,743 9,026 8,921 8,096 7,986
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,487 15,362 15,767 15,642 13,235 13,203
White 11,553 11,453 12,022 11,902 9,934 9,779
Black or African American 2,757 2,757 2,642 2,654 2,338 2,412
American Indian or Alaska Native 107 * 101 * 74 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 721 702 664 635 623 625
Two or More Races 296 299 293 304 227 268
Hispanic or Latino 3,048 3,169 2,813 2,935 2,679 2,745
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 9,935 9,910 9,921 9,888 8,473 8,658
Small Metro 5,539 5,604 5,530 5,606 4,774 4,815
Nonmetro 3,060 3,017 3,129 3,083 2,667 2,475
70601
Table 3.17B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked That Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
79.2 79.5 79.5 79.8 68.7 69.1
AGE
           
12-13 88.6 89.5 88.8 90.1 72.1 73.3
14-15 79.9 80.0 80.4 80.3 70.2 70.5
16-17 69.9 70.4 70.1 70.4 64.1 64.1
GENDER
           
Male 82.2 82.1 80.1 81.1 66.2 67.5
Female 76.1 76.9 78.9 78.5 71.3 70.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
           
Not Hispanic or Latino 79.1 79.2 80.6 80.8 68.2 68.7
White 78.6 79.2 81.9 82.4 68.2 68.3
Black or African American 80.9 81.1 77.8 78.2 69.6 71.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 83.4 * 78.3 * 58.3 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 77.2 75.4 71.5 68.5 67.5 67.8
Two or More Races 81.9 74.9 81.2 76.3 63.5 68.5
Hispanic or Latino 80.0 81.1 73.8 75.2 71.1 71.1
COUNTY TYPE
           
Large Metro 78.8 79.1 78.9 79.1 68.1a 69.8
Small Metro 80.1 79.7 80.0 79.9 69.7 69.1
Nonmetro 78.8 80.6 80.7 82.4 69.0 66.7
70430
Table 3.18A – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes
Use Marijuana or Hashish
Drink Alcoholic Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
6,891b 6,435 5,353 5,113 10,090 10,227 4,099 4,246
AGE
               
12-13 683b 550 283 276 859 776 223 218
14-15 2,591 2,428 1,900 1,815 3,710 3,770 1,262 1,374
16-17 3,616 3,457 3,169 3,022 5,521 5,681 2,614 2,653
GENDER
               
Male 2,949 2,742 2,397 2,243 4,522 4,565 1,687 1,733
Female 3,941 3,693 2,955 2,870 5,568 5,662 2,412 2,513
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,837b 5,353 4,432 4,231 8,528 8,494 3,391 3,511
White 4,292b 3,924 3,008 2,858 6,544 6,478 2,529 2,645
Black or African American 1,205 1,111 1,154 1,126 1,386 1,419 651 634
American Indian or Alaska Native 33 34 27 23 47 35 22 24
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 195 148 120 112 359 333 120 109
Two or More Races 94 102 102 91 162 188 60 75
Hispanic or Latino 1,054 1,082 921 883 1,562 1,733 708 735
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 3,575a 3,265 3,046 2,929 5,438 5,468 2,251 2,252
Small Metro 2,023 2,019 1,581 1,558 2,960 3,082 1,180 1,312
Nonmetro 1,293 1,151 726 625 1,691 1,677 669 682
70430
Table 3.18B – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2005 and 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic
SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes
Use Marijuana or Hashish
Drink Alcoholic Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
2005
2006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
TOTAL
30.4b 28.5 24.0 23.1 44.8 45.5 18.4 19.2
AGE
               
12-13 9.9a 8.2 4.2 4.2 12.6 11.7 3.3 3.3
14-15 32.7a 30.4 24.5 23.3 47.0 47.4 16.2 17.7
16-17 46.2a 43.5 40.9a 38.5 70.9 71.7 33.9 33.8
GENDER
               
Male 25.5a 23.8 21.0 19.8 39.5 39.9 14.9 15.4
Female 35.5a 33.3 27.1 26.4 50.3 51.2 22.1 23.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
               
Not Hispanic or Latino 30.7b 28.5 23.7 22.9 45.2 45.4 18.2 19.1
White 30.1b 28.0 21.5 20.7 46.2 46.3 18.0a 19.2
Black or African American 36.4 33.8 35.6 34.7 42.6 43.5 20.4 19.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 26.4 30.4 21.3 21.3 37.8 31.3 17.8 22.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 21.9 16.5 13.8 13.0 40.1 37.3 13.6 12.7
Two or More Races 27.1 26.1 29.6 24.1 47.5 48.7 17.5 19.9
Hispanic or Latino 28.6 28.4 25.2 23.8 42.6 45.8 19.5 19.7
COUNTY TYPE
               
Large Metro 29.3b 26.9 25.3 24.6 44.8 45.3 18.7 19.0
Small Metro 30.1 29.5 24.0 23.3 44.5 45.4 17.9 19.6
Nonmetro 34.3 31.6 19.7 17.5 45.3 46.2 18.2 19.1
70430
Table 3.19A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Perceptions of Risk1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
CIGARETTES
               
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 1,508 956 1,019 667 1,438 1,189 1,600 1,004
MARIJUANA
               
Smoke Once a Month 363 2,096 130 1,554 402 2,220 417 2,183
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 503 1,961 183 1,500 586 2,038 666 1,935
COCAINE
               
Use Once a Month 1,234 1,215 869 798 1,398 1,200 1,374 1,213
Use Once or Twice a Week 1,808 644 1,274 394 2,009 590 2,034 554
HEROIN
               
Try Once or Twice 1,661 769 1,211 450 1,875 705 1,800 773
Use Once or Twice a Week 2,066 366 1,499 162 2,278 303 2,254 315
LSD
               
Try Once or Twice 1,228 1,153 873 753 1,406 1,139 1,393 1,136
Use Once or Twice a Week 1,718 654 1,229 391 1,939 598 1,918 612
ALCOHOL
               
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 1,176 1,295 803 878 1,185 1,443 1,155 1,455
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 665 1,801 426 1,258 638 1,989 597 2,011
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana
2,097 375 1,587 102 2,285 334 2,287 318
Cocaine
1,189 1,242 899 757 1,276 1,280 1,206 1,357
Crack
952 1,466 674 972 1,040 1,501 959 1,595
Heroin
510 1,902 357 1,285 580 1,949 526 2,013
LSD
603 1,769 437 1,181 705 1,804 667 1,855
70430
Table 3.19B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2006
Perceptions of Risk1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
Great Risk
Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
CIGARETTES
               
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 8.7 12.1 5.9 8.5 8.3 15.1 9.3 12.7
MARIJUANA
               
Smoke Once a Month 4.2 12.8 1.5 9.5 4.6 13.6 4.8 13.4
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 3.7 17.1 1.3 13.1 4.3 17.8 4.9 16.9
COCAINE
               
Use Once a Month 10.1 9.6 7.1 6.3 11.5 9.4 11.3 9.6
Use Once or Twice a Week 9.2 12.4 6.4 7.6 10.2 11.4 10.3 10.7
HEROIN
               
Try Once or Twice 11.7 7.3 8.6 4.2 13.2 6.7 12.7 7.3
Use Once or Twice a Week 10.3 7.9 7.4 3.5 11.3 6.5 11.2 6.8
LSD
               
Try Once or Twice 9.9 9.9 7.0 6.5 11.3 9.8 11.2 9.8
Use Once or Twice a Week 9.5 10.7 6.8 6.4 10.8 9.8 10.6 10.0
ALCOHOL
               
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 7.2 14.5 4.9 9.8 7.3 16.2 7.1 16.3
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 6.7 11.8 4.3 8.3 6.4 13.1 6.0 13.2
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana
16.9 3.0 12.8 0.8 18.4 2.7 18.5 2.6
Cocaine
18.8 6.9 14.2 4.2 20.2 7.1 19.1 7.5
Crack
14.9 8.2 10.6 5.4 16.3 8.4 15.0 8.9
Heroin
14.7 9.2 10.3 6.2 16.7 9.4 15.1 9.7
LSD
18.2 8.7 13.2 5.8 21.3 8.8 20.2 9.1
70601
Table 3.20A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,847 600 1,189 482 1,701 907 1,962 627
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,703 753 1,039 635 1,856 758 1,889 705
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 1,829 627 1,137 537 2,014 598 2,058 539
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,875 577 1,248 421 1,912 696 1,807 788
70601
Table 3.20B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2006
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove
Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 8.1 27.9 5.2 22.4 7.4 42.1 8.6 29.2
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 7.5 31.4 4.6 26.5 8.2 31.6 8.3 29.4
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 7.8 36.4 4.9 31.2 8.6 34.8 8.8 31.3
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 8.4 22.2 5.6 16.2 8.5 26.8 8.1 30.4
70515
Table 3.21A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,623 829 1,038 630 1,546 1,063 1,741 854
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,100 1,357 540 1,132 1,233 1,375 1,281 1,310
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 1,121 1,335 545 1,128 1,360 1,248 1,368 1,223
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,514 940 949 720 1,548 1,059 1,480 1,107
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,800 654 1,205 464 1,684 921 1,948 645
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,065 1,383 534 1,129 1,193 1,405 1,290 1,300
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 1,068 1,379 520 1,141 1,225 1,371 1,314 1,270
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,583 865 1,021 641 1,579 1,019 1,625 964
70515
Table 3.21B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2006
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 7.5 24.5 4.8 18.6 7.2 31.4 8.1 25.2
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 5.4 30.2 2.6 25.2 6.0 30.6 6.3 29.2
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 5.4 33.2 2.6 28.1 6.5 31.0 6.5 30.4
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 7.2 23.8 4.5 18.2 7.4 26.8 7.0 28.0
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 8.1 24.0 5.4 17.0 7.5 33.7 8.7 23.6
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 5.2 30.2 2.6 24.6 5.8 30.7 6.3 28.4
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 5.1 32.0 2.5 26.4 5.9 31.8 6.3 29.4
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 7.3 25.4 4.7 18.8 7.3 29.9 7.5 28.3
70601
Table 3.22A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 444 2,008 248 1,425 443 2,171 440 2,150
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 275 2,183 161 1,514 284 2,334 248 2,349
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 275 2,188 158 1,523 273 2,349 258 2,344
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 256 2,206 176 1,500 258 2,360 283 2,314
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 188 2,267 129 1,545 221 2,395 154 2,443
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 1,841 621 1,241 442 1,903 713 2,002 595
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 1,297 1,143 915 752 1,411 1,191 1,397 1,196
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4
               
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 987 1,482 629 1,052 1,071 1,552 974 1,631
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 840 1,628 580 1,102 872 1,751 838 1,766
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 513 1,955 356 1,324 483 2,137 475 2,125
Carried a Handgun 231 2,237 165 1,514 221 2,401 215 2,382
Sold Illegal Drugs 552 1,909 491 1,180 476 2,138 435 2,161
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 448 2,019 333 1,348 399 2,217 401 2,198
70601
Table 3.22B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2006
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 8.0 10.4 4.5 7.4 8.0 11.3 7.9 11.2
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 7.4 10.2 4.4 7.0 7.7 10.9 6.7 10.9
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 9.9 9.8 5.7 6.8 9.8 10.5 9.3 10.4
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 8.9 9.9 6.1 6.7 8.9 10.6 9.8 10.4
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 15.4 9.5 10.5 6.5 18.1 10.0 12.6 10.2
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 9.2 12.0 6.2 8.5 9.5 13.8 10.0 11.5
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 8.6 11.3 6.1 7.4 9.4 11.8 9.3 11.8
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4
               
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 17.3 7.6 11.0 5.4 18.8 7.9 17.1 8.3
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 19.6 7.8 13.5 5.3 20.3 8.3 19.5 8.4
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 25.6 8.4 17.8 5.7 24.1 9.2 23.7 9.1
Carried a Handgun 28.8 9.1 20.6 6.2 27.6 9.8 26.8 9.7
Sold Illegal Drugs 66.1 7.8 58.8 4.8 57.1 8.7 52.1 8.8
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 37.2 8.4 27.6 5.6 33.1 9.2 33.3 9.1
70601
Table 3.23A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS
               
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 754 1,665 505 1,155 844 1,736 758 1,820
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 895 1,557 606 1,065 958 1,661 952 1,645
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 1,218 1,251 980 703 1,245 1,381 1,194 1,410
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 2,232 174 1,522 125 2,403 176 2,400 161
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 483 1,942 297 1,357 507 2,073 518 2,055
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6
               
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 1,445 975 907 744 1,501 1,068 1,547 1,014
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 1,170 1,232 702 939 1,178 1,397 1,223 1,340
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 547 1,864 287 1,354 529 2,049 538 2,020
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7
               
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 2,024 442 1,365 313 2,181 437 2,169 436
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 605 1,855 369 1,306 559 2,054 571 2,034
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 1,850 617 1,250 428 2,005 616 1,990 618
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 1,859 611 1,287 394 2,030 596 2,026 582
70601
Table 3.23B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2006
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS
               
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 12.0 9.0 8.0 6.2 13.4 9.3 12.0 9.8
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 15.5 8.0 10.5 5.5 16.6 8.6 16.5 8.5
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 31.4 5.8 25.3 3.3 32.1 6.4 30.8 6.6
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 9.3 20.3 6.3 14.7 10.0 20.6 10.0 18.9
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 6.1 11.5 3.8 8.0 6.5 12.2 6.6 12.1
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6
               
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 7.6 17.1 4.8 13.0 7.9 18.7 8.1 17.8
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 6.9 15.7 4.2 11.9 7.0 17.8 7.2 17.1
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 6.3 11.6 3.3 8.4 6.1 12.8 6.2 12.6
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7
               
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 9.1 14.0 6.2 9.9 9.9 13.9 9.8 13.8
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 6.1 12.1 3.7 8.5 5.6 13.4 5.7 13.3
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 8.4 18.2 5.7 12.6 9.1 18.2 9.1 18.3
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 8.5 17.2 5.9 11.1 9.3 16.8 9.3 16.4
70515
Table 3.24A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006
Scholastic Environment1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4
               
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 480 1,824 381 1,223 592 1,900 419 2,044
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 1,588 711 1,068 533 1,670 815 1,745 713
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 1,477 835 1,027 582 1,586 911 1,635 837
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 326 1,871 225 1,300 381 2,022 303 2,071
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8
               
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 1,662 649 1,167 438 1,804 686 1,818 649
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 1,465 838 981 618 1,596 894 1,576 890
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 1,506 792 1,030 568 1,660 816 1,664 795
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 1,450 854 991 612 1,543 941 1,413 1,048
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10
               
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 1,243 1,019 917 658 1,495 952 1,288 1,147
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 1,260 993 1,034 543 1,262 1,169 1,235 1,184
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 1,641 612 1,243 330 1,832 614 2,004 426
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 859 1,373 673 891 972 1,454 1,031 1,388
70515
Table 3.24B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006
Scholastic Environment1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2
Marijuana
Cigarettes
Binge Alcohol3
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4
               
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 15.4 9.0 12.2 6.1 19.0 9.4 13.4 10.1
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 8.9 13.2 6.0 9.9 9.3 15.2 9.8 13.3
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 7.8 18.7 5.4 13.1 8.4 20.4 8.7 18.8
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 21.8 9.0 15.1 6.2 25.5 9.7 20.3 9.9
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8
               
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 8.9 14.2 6.2 9.6 9.6 15.0 9.7 14.2
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 7.9 17.6 5.3 13.0 8.6 18.8 8.5 18.7
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 8.1 16.9 5.5 12.1 8.9 17.4 9.0 17.0
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 9.1 12.0 6.2 8.6 9.7 13.2 8.9 14.7
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10
               
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 19.3 6.3 14.3 4.1 23.2 5.9 20.0 7.1
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 24.6 5.8 20.2 3.2 24.7 6.8 24.2 6.9
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 16.0 5.0 12.2 2.7 17.9 5.0 19.6 3.5
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 20.2 7.7 15.8 5.0 22.9 8.1 24.3 7.8

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