Go to the Table Of Contents
80414
Table 3.1C – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Risk/Availability Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 798 806 105 108 137 135 774 786
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 928 941 109 107 127 144 900 904
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 883 916 113 117 152 154 849 893
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 747 776 107 109 152 145 717 750
Use Once or Twice a Week 529 500 90 95 101 103 510 481
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 601 627 109 114 116 122 566 592
Use Once or Twice a Week 386 367 90 89 74 72 356 346
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 734 789 106 111 148 152 692 750
Use Once or Twice a Week 487 525 94 96 105 109 455 493
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 786 805 109 108 149 148 760 775
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 889 906 108 112 144 147 856 876
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 868 896 110 109 136 138 834 858
Cocaine 817 833 97 97 156 150 778 806
Crack 777 809 99 94 145 145 743 777
Heroin 639 696 78 75 122 122 615 667
LSD 605 651 75 74 121 113 583 628
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 404 414 76 79 120 119 355 374
80414
Table 3.1D – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Risk/Availability Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.33 0.33 0.42 0.43 0.42 0.41 0.41 0.42
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 0.38 0.39 0.44 0.43 0.39 0.44 0.49 0.49
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.36 0.38 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.47 0.46 0.48
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 0.31 0.32 0.43 0.44 0.47 0.45 0.39 0.40
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.22 0.20 0.36 0.38 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.26
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 0.25 0.26 0.44 0.46 0.36 0.38 0.31 0.32
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.16 0.15 0.36 0.36 0.23 0.22 0.19 0.19
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 0.31 0.33 0.44 0.47 0.46 0.47 0.38 0.40
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.20 0.22 0.39 0.40 0.33 0.34 0.25 0.26
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.32 0.33 0.43 0.43 0.46 0.45 0.41 0.41
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 0.36 0.37 0.43 0.45 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.46
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 0.37 0.38 0.44 0.44 0.42 0.43 0.47 0.48
Cocaine 0.35 0.36 0.40 0.40 0.49 0.47 0.44 0.45
Crack 0.34 0.35 0.40 0.39 0.46 0.46 0.42 0.44
Heroin 0.28 0.30 0.32 0.31 0.39 0.39 0.35 0.38
LSD 0.26 0.28 0.32 0.31 0.39 0.36 0.33 0.36
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 0.16 0.17 0.30 0.31 0.37 0.36 0.19 0.20
80414
Table 3.1P – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Risk/Availability Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.9051   0.8531   0.9312   0.9624  
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 0.0921   0.7806   0.5448   0.0631  
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.6277   0.4754   0.9771   0.5283  
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 0.3747   0.2755   0.2866   0.6812  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.3064   0.6303   0.9119   0.2959  
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 0.4775   0.7449   0.6638   0.3465  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.5968   0.7454   0.6809   0.5467  
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 0.8273   0.4650   0.6443   0.7023  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.9698   0.3358   0.9045   0.9177  
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.5227   0.3148   0.8405   0.6717  
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 0.3339   0.8880   0.3262   0.4339  
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 0.7038   0.1127   0.3997   0.4363  
Cocaine 0.1889   0.0120   0.1787   0.4410  
Crack 0.4345   0.0964   0.7162   0.6007  
Heroin 0.2614   0.5707   0.9860   0.2697  
LSD 0.1313   0.3498   0.0914   0.1743  
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 0.4567   0.0642   0.6375   0.6588  
80414
Table 3.2C – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More
Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks
Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 105 108 109 108 108 112
AGE            
12-13 109 116 111 118 84 91
14-15 115 119 113 112 86 84
16-17 111 118 105 116 84 84
GENDER            
Male 78 80 77 77 76 76
Female 70 69 73 74 72 83
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 94 97 96 95 95 98
White 178 184 172 176 115 116
Black or African American 94 101 96 100 77 78
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 19 10 * 9 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 56 57 55 57 43 38
Two or More Races 21 21 28 23 16 19
Hispanic or Latino 46 47 48 48 51 53
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 180 209 178 207 128 147
Small Metro 137 138 137 131 93 90
Nonmetro 83 88 81 81 59 56
80414
Table 3.2D – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More
Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks
Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.42 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.45
AGE            
12-13 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.71 0.76 0.78
14-15 0.68 0.74 0.72 0.75 0.72 0.71
16-17 0.70 0.68 0.70 0.70 0.75 0.74
GENDER            
Male 0.60 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.59 0.60
Female 0.57 0.57 0.59 0.60 0.58 0.68
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.48 0.47 0.46 0.46 0.48
White 0.49 0.52 0.53 0.55 0.50 0.53
Black or African American 1.14 1.08 1.07 1.01 1.16 1.15
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.49 5.25 4.53 * 4.28 5.89
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.42 2.42 2.93 2.37 2.73 2.64
Two or More Races 4.00 2.53 2.72 2.64 2.84 2.98
Hispanic or Latino 1.03 1.03 1.06 1.04 1.13 1.16
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.58 0.60 0.62 0.61 0.62 0.67
Small Metro 0.75 0.77 0.75 0.77 0.77 0.76
Nonmetro 0.89 0.98 0.92 0.91 0.91 0.91
80414
Table 3.2P – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More
Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks
Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.8531   0.3148   0.8880  
AGE            
12-13 0.6074   0.3856   0.3804  
14-15 0.9700   0.9513   0.8673  
16-17 0.8727   0.3114   0.3937  
GENDER            
Male 0.8450   0.5369   0.9709  
Female 0.9507   0.4118   0.8745  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6234   0.3710   0.8484  
White 0.3228   0.7377   0.9915  
Black or African American 0.5229   0.1843   0.7782  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0682   *   0.6416  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.1131   0.3273   0.8123  
Two or More Races 0.0462   0.0802   0.4419  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5797   0.6195   0.9316  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.3939   0.0318   0.5439  
Small Metro 0.5843   0.6276   0.3902  
Nonmetro 0.0452   0.3096   0.0262  
80414
Table 3.3C – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice a Week Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 109 107 113 117 107 109 90 95
AGE                
12-13 82 84 108 112 79 83 110 121
14-15 78 80 101 103 95 96 125 127
16-17 66 69 88 90 96 105 124 129
GENDER                
Male 73 73 79 81 75 74 62 63
Female 76 76 77 81 78 80 61 64
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 94 95 99 102 94 98 76 81
White 109 110 156 157 131 141 196 202
Black or African American 60 63 73 78 77 83 100 105
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 * 8 17 10 18 12 20
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 33 37 48 50 42 38 60 59
Two or More Races 11 13 17 18 17 19 28 26
Hispanic or Latino 56 47 54 52 53 52 47 44
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 118 119 157 167 135 157 193 223
Small Metro 85 81 117 113 111 105 157 147
Nonmetro 57 62 75 82 67 75 96 102
80414
Table 3.3D – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice a Week Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.47 0.43 0.44 0.36 0.38
AGE                
12-13 0.79 0.78 0.80 0.73 0.75 0.74 0.73 0.70
14-15 0.69 0.72 0.76 0.79 0.73 0.75 0.58 0.68
16-17 0.64 0.68 0.75 0.74 0.73 0.77 0.53 0.53
GENDER                
Male 0.57 0.57 0.62 0.63 0.59 0.59 0.49 0.50
Female 0.62 0.62 0.62 0.66 0.63 0.66 0.50 0.53
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.50 0.46 0.49 0.37 0.40
White 0.50 0.52 0.53 0.56 0.52 0.56 0.39 0.42
Black or African American 1.11 1.18 1.16 1.25 1.16 1.17 1.01 1.16
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.46 * 4.08 5.92 4.72 5.40 4.47 4.81
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.51 2.74 2.64 2.68 2.57 2.95 2.33 2.17
Two or More Races 2.79 2.64 3.80 2.93 2.88 2.67 2.44 2.19
Hispanic or Latino 1.24 1.02 1.20 1.13 1.19 1.15 1.06 0.97
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.62 0.61 0.67 0.67 0.61 0.63 0.52 0.56
Small Metro 0.73 0.73 0.75 0.77 0.82 0.83 0.61 0.62
Nonmetro 0.91 0.91 0.95 0.94 0.91 0.99 0.77 0.80
80414
Table 3.3P – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice a Week Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.7806   0.4754   0.2755   0.6303  
AGE                
12-13 0.1595   0.4490   0.7509   0.5680  
14-15 0.1121   0.8523   0.6287   0.5978  
16-17 0.4373   0.4957   0.2607   0.3172  
GENDER                
Male 0.6825   0.9471   0.3826   0.5708  
Female 0.4376   0.3296   0.4950   0.8980  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9266   0.0971   0.1878   0.6296  
White 0.5094   0.6599   0.4325   0.9449  
Black or African American 0.8124   0.4664   0.4448   0.8404  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   0.0508   0.0350   0.3601  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1079   0.0025   0.8285   0.0225  
Two or More Races 0.2077   0.6011   0.1071   0.3886  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4536   0.1642   0.9049   0.0856  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.7570   0.7454   0.5434   0.5345  
Small Metro 0.9513   0.7968   0.8111   0.8735  
Nonmetro 0.9198   0.3092   0.0343   0.8711  
80414
Table 3.4C – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 109 114 90 89 106 111 94 96
AGE                
12-13 85 90 110 117 79 84 103 106
14-15 104 103 125 129 96 97 116 120
16-17 111 116 126 135 102 106 119 127
GENDER                
Male 76 79 60 64 73 78 66 67
Female 78 79 61 60 77 77 65 67
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 96 102 76 79 96 97 83 87
White 149 152 199 204 134 137 183 190
Black or African American 88 89 100 104 81 82 94 95
American Indian or Alaska Native 11 * 12 20 10 * 12 21
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 46 43 59 59 45 41 57 49
Two or More Races 25 19 30 23 24 17 27 23
Hispanic or Latino 50 53 45 42 51 49 44 45
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 150 175 193 226 139 163 183 208
Small Metro 124 122 158 153 113 106 144 140
Nonmetro 76 81 96 102 69 77 88 95
80414
Table 3.4D – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.44 0.46 0.36 0.36 0.44 0.47 0.39 0.40
AGE                
12-13 0.78 0.78 0.76 0.71 0.79 0.77 0.74 0.73
14-15 0.71 0.77 0.54 0.66 0.75 0.78 0.65 0.70
16-17 0.74 0.72 0.52 0.45 0.78 0.75 0.60 0.63
GENDER                
Male 0.60 0.64 0.47 0.51 0.60 0.65 0.54 0.55
Female 0.64 0.66 0.50 0.50 0.65 0.66 0.55 0.58
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.47 0.51 0.37 0.39 0.48 0.50 0.42 0.45
White 0.53 0.58 0.38 0.41 0.55 0.56 0.43 0.45
Black or African American 1.16 1.15 1.04 1.02 1.20 1.27 1.14 1.20
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.10 * 4.36 3.85 5.12 * 4.61 3.94
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.51 2.96 2.25 2.23 2.65 2.90 2.82 2.57
Two or More Races 3.62 2.72 1.76 2.82 4.07 2.77 2.50 2.56
Hispanic or Latino 1.13 1.17 1.02 0.94 1.17 1.14 1.02 1.04
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.64 0.64 0.52 0.51 0.67 0.67 0.56 0.58
Small Metro 0.75 0.86 0.59 0.63 0.75 0.82 0.68 0.71
Nonmetro 1.00 0.96 0.80 0.80 1.02 1.01 0.84 0.93
80414
Table 3.4P – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.7449   0.7454   0.4650   0.3358  
AGE                
12-13 0.8445   0.4955   0.3635   0.4422  
14-15 0.1774   0.1223   0.0367   0.2645  
16-17 0.3303   0.7266   0.9953   0.1402  
GENDER                
Male 0.9970   0.6439   0.9464   0.5183  
Female 0.6413   0.3345   0.2807   0.4701  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6916   0.9948   0.4734   0.9003  
White 0.8622   0.6013   0.7200   0.7747  
Black or African American 0.5452   0.9897   0.1105   0.4835  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   0.3492   *   0.4042  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.9745   0.0408   0.4479   0.0799  
Two or More Races 0.7524   0.0088   0.9572   0.0728  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9579   0.5886   0.8480   0.0849  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.8104   0.6412   0.5908   0.2487  
Small Metro 0.3669   0.8832   0.3058   0.9850  
Nonmetro 0.2919   0.9389   0.5156   0.8948  
80414
Table 3.5C – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana Cocaine Crack Heroin LSD
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 110 109 97 97 99 94 78 75 75 74
AGE                    
12-13 53 57 41 44 49 46 35 35 29 30
14-15 99 98 69 65 73 72 52 50 48 48
16-17 108 120 79 79 74 76 55 55 56 61
GENDER                    
Male 77 78 65 63 66 62 50 47 50 47
Female 74 73 68 74 70 75 57 59 55 57
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 93 98 83 83 86 80 66 67 65 65
White 134 143 86 83 86 84 58 58 63 63
Black or African American 81 77 54 51 57 54 42 40 32 33
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 * 4 * 4 * 2 * 3 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 41 32 23 19 30 24 16 15 17 18
Two or More Races 21 17 16 13 16 11 9 8 8 9
Hispanic or Latino 52 51 50 48 50 47 42 36 37 33
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 138 158 90 99 91 100 67 67 64 68
Small Metro 104 103 73 63 76 64 53 43 47 46
Nonmetro 66 68 46 42 47 45 34 32 26 29
80414
Table 3.5D – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana Cocaine Crack Heroin LSD
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.44 0.44 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.39 0.32 0.31 0.32 0.31
AGE                    
12-13 0.61 0.64 0.50 0.53 0.58 0.55 0.44 0.43 0.38 0.39
14-15 0.75 0.78 0.67 0.66 0.70 0.71 0.56 0.56 0.53 0.54
16-17 0.63 0.67 0.75 0.76 0.71 0.75 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.67
GENDER                    
Male 0.61 0.62 0.52 0.51 0.53 0.50 0.40 0.39 0.41 0.39
Female 0.61 0.61 0.58 0.63 0.58 0.63 0.48 0.50 0.47 0.50
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.49 0.42 0.42 0.43 0.41 0.33 0.34 0.33 0.34
White 0.50 0.57 0.46 0.48 0.47 0.47 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.40
Black or African American 1.19 1.10 1.03 0.99 1.05 0.98 0.92 0.89 0.77 0.78
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.60 * 3.15 * 3.02 * 1.61 * 2.14 3.68
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.86 2.50 2.02 1.80 2.65 2.16 1.57 1.45 1.71 1.78
Two or More Races 3.04 3.17 3.47 2.84 2.82 2.43 2.25 1.91 2.08 2.09
Hispanic or Latino 1.18 1.13 1.12 1.08 1.15 1.06 0.96 0.80 0.86 0.77
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.67 0.64 0.56 0.59 0.57 0.57 0.46 0.45 0.46 0.45
Small Metro 0.73 0.75 0.72 0.66 0.74 0.67 0.60 0.57 0.54 0.58
Nonmetro 0.98 0.98 0.88 0.82 0.92 0.85 0.75 0.70 0.61 0.67
80414
Table 3.5P – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana Cocaine Crack Heroin LSD
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.1127   0.0120   0.0964   0.5707   0.3498  
AGE                    
12-13 0.9386   0.4005   0.0508   0.4621   0.4545  
14-15 0.0627   0.1315   0.3973   0.2360   0.2177  
16-17 0.5453   0.0401   0.7629   0.4632   0.0632  
GENDER                    
Male 0.3066   0.0345   0.0072   0.1138   0.8212  
Female 0.2186   0.1365   0.8054   0.5604   0.1642  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1714   0.0141   0.0327   0.8682   0.1509  
White 0.9120   0.0171   0.1144   0.7029   0.2462  
Black or African American 0.3737   0.7064   0.1695   0.8780   0.2098  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   *   0.5335  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0049   0.0638   0.4497   0.6327   0.3839  
Two or More Races 0.1704   0.4526   0.0879   0.6012   0.5520  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4669   0.3396   0.7438   0.4092   0.5046  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2984   0.2494   0.6843   0.5839   0.5416  
Small Metro 0.3657   0.1549   0.2275   0.1509   0.9635  
Nonmetro 0.4347   0.0098   0.0628   0.6181   0.1359  
80414
Table 3.6C – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 61 61 64 64 55 56 69 66
AGE                
12-13 126 142 127 142 128 143 127 138
14-15 136 142 134 141 137 142 135 140
16-17 127 135 125 134 127 137 124 132
GENDER                
Male 44 45 49 47 40 40 50 50
Female 41 40 41 44 36 39 46 44
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 54 53 57 59 47 50 60 58
White 214 221 211 220 218 223 211 218
Black or African American 116 124 118 122 118 124 117 122
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 21 12 * 13 * 15 20
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 70 66 70 66 70 66 66 66
Two or More Races 30 27 29 28 30 28 29 28
Hispanic or Latino 29 28 30 28 29 25 33 35
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 214 261 213 256 217 260 213 252
Small Metro 176 163 173 164 177 167 171 159
Nonmetro 105 113 107 114 109 116 106 108
80414
Table 3.6D – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.28 0.27
AGE                
12-13 0.36 0.31 0.35 0.30 0.33 0.25 0.36 0.35
14-15 0.38 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.33 0.39 0.43 0.45
16-17 0.49 0.52 0.53 0.52 0.45 0.46 0.58 0.53
GENDER                
Male 0.35 0.35 0.38 0.37 0.32 0.32 0.39 0.39
Female 0.34 0.33 0.34 0.36 0.29 0.32 0.37 0.36
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.23 0.25 0.29 0.28
White 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.27 0.29 0.33 0.33
Black or African American 0.66 0.67 0.65 0.64 0.56 0.57 0.65 0.76
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.84 3.45 4.65 * 3.96 * 4.21 3.57
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.15 0.84 1.15 0.92 1.10 1.27 2.02 1.18
Two or More Races 2.14 1.97 2.09 1.48 1.77 1.23 1.96 1.52
Hispanic or Latino 0.65 0.62 0.67 0.61 0.65 0.56 0.75 0.77
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.35 0.33 0.38 0.37 0.32 0.33 0.39 0.39
Small Metro 0.45 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.39 0.40 0.44 0.47
Nonmetro 0.57 0.60 0.55 0.52 0.52 0.47 0.63 0.62
80414
Table 3.6P – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.0376   0.1247   0.6687   0.9736  
AGE                
12-13 0.0924   0.0172   0.0208   0.4157  
14-15 0.1756   0.5028   0.0849   0.8481  
16-17 0.3996   0.7753   0.5047   0.5113  
GENDER                
Male 0.1562   0.1304   0.2365   0.4623  
Female 0.1209   0.5344   0.5055   0.3820  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0890   0.2495   0.8882   0.9627  
White 0.3251   0.3401   0.6273   0.9543  
Black or African American 0.4706   0.8502   0.9889   0.3484  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1571   *   *   0.2703  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1011   0.6151   0.6623   0.1105  
Two or More Races 0.4457   0.2789   0.8207   0.4165  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2499   0.2928   0.2628   0.8996  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.0632   0.2739   0.6211   0.3769  
Small Metro 0.2625   0.3168   0.8923   0.7699  
Nonmetro 0.8930   0.7391   0.7468   0.1759  
80414
Table 3.7C – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 76 72 91 84 84 84 80 78
AGE                
12-13 126 141 127 143 128 142 128 140
14-15 130 135 127 130 129 133 128 132
16-17 123 127 115 119 118 122 116 125
GENDER                
Male 57 54 64 63 60 64 60 59
Female 50 46 58 56 54 53 53 54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 66 67 78 77 73 77 70 71
White 209 213 200 202 205 204 205 204
Black or African American 110 120 107 116 108 116 108 118
American Indian or Alaska Native 11 * 13 20 12 20 15 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 63 66 64 63 66 63 67 65
Two or More Races 29 28 27 28 28 28 28 28
Hispanic or Latino 36 30 40 36 39 34 38 33
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 206 248 203 237 206 241 207 240
Small Metro 168 158 166 151 164 153 166 154
Nonmetro 100 109 98 107 99 109 99 105
80414
Table 3.7D – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.30 0.29 0.36 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.32 0.32
AGE                
12-13 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.35 0.36 0.33 0.40 0.38
14-15 0.52 0.48 0.57 0.57 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.58
16-17 0.61 0.57 0.72 0.67 0.70 0.69 0.62 0.63
GENDER                
Male 0.45 0.42 0.50 0.50 0.47 0.50 0.47 0.47
Female 0.41 0.37 0.47 0.46 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.44
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.32 0.33 0.38 0.38 0.36 0.38 0.34 0.35
White 0.36 0.38 0.41 0.43 0.39 0.43 0.37 0.42
Black or African American 0.77 0.79 0.84 0.98 0.85 0.92 0.83 0.84
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.53 * 3.98 4.43 3.97 4.36 4.31 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.08 1.21 2.21 1.32 2.19 1.71 2.09 1.29
Two or More Races 1.71 1.50 3.11 1.89 2.89 1.60 2.09 1.66
Hispanic or Latino 0.81 0.66 0.91 0.80 0.87 0.75 0.86 0.73
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.42 0.40 0.53 0.51 0.50 0.51 0.48 0.45
Small Metro 0.55 0.51 0.62 0.57 0.59 0.56 0.56 0.55
Nonmetro 0.68 0.64 0.71 0.66 0.64 0.66 0.68 0.75
80414
Table 3.7P – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.0012   0.0738   0.3846   0.4585  
AGE                
12-13 0.0207   0.0726   0.5132   0.1495  
14-15 0.0017   0.0329   0.1633   0.6337  
16-17 0.5375   0.9604   0.7698   0.8102  
GENDER                
Male 0.0242   0.3405   0.5061   0.5092  
Female 0.0205   0.0945   0.5495   0.7166  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0038   0.0777   0.3686   0.4546  
White 0.0624   0.3016   0.9695   0.7183  
Black or African American 0.4727   0.7535   0.5344   0.5291  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   0.1715   0.1401   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0045   0.1111   0.2816   0.0397  
Two or More Races 0.9800   0.0346   0.1386   0.3986  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1435   0.6037   0.8832   0.8570  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.0075   0.1786   0.5505   0.3533  
Small Metro 0.2871   0.8758   0.9739   0.6191  
Nonmetro 0.0666   0.0419   0.2184   0.4253  
80414
Table 3.8C – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 70 68 86 85 82 86 77 78
AGE                
12-13 125 143 127 142 127 142 126 142
14-15 132 139 127 134 127 133 130 134
16-17 126 131 114 119 114 123 121 130
GENDER                
Male 50 51 62 64 59 66 54 61
Female 45 44 56 56 54 53 50 50
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 60 60 75 79 72 78 68 69
White 213 216 197 204 200 207 206 213
Black or African American 111 123 109 119 109 117 113 120
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 21 13 20 12 20 15 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 68 64 66 62 66 62 68 64
Two or More Races 24 27 23 25 23 28 24 28
Hispanic or Latino 33 29 40 36 38 38 36 36
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 210 257 203 237 204 240 208 249
Small Metro 167 162 158 152 160 153 163 157
Nonmetro 105 109 101 110 104 111 102 106
80414
Table 3.8D – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.28 0.27 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.34 0.31 0.31
AGE                
12-13 0.42 0.35 0.42 0.38 0.42 0.41 0.45 0.39
14-15 0.47 0.47 0.54 0.59 0.53 0.58 0.50 0.56
16-17 0.55 0.53 0.69 0.68 0.66 0.68 0.60 0.59
GENDER                
Male 0.39 0.40 0.49 0.51 0.46 0.52 0.42 0.48
Female 0.37 0.36 0.46 0.46 0.44 0.43 0.41 0.40
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.30 0.36 0.39 0.35 0.38 0.33 0.34
White 0.31 0.32 0.41 0.46 0.39 0.44 0.36 0.40
Black or African American 0.74 0.77 0.76 0.86 0.82 0.87 0.77 0.76
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.28 1.97 4.05 4.56 4.00 4.45 3.90 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.56 1.46 1.81 1.67 1.73 1.56 1.52 1.28
Two or More Races 2.39 2.27 3.24 2.07 2.68 2.00 2.53 1.78
Hispanic or Latino 0.74 0.64 0.89 0.79 0.86 0.84 0.80 0.78
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.39 0.39 0.51 0.50 0.48 0.50 0.43 0.45
Small Metro 0.48 0.49 0.58 0.59 0.55 0.57 0.52 0.53
Nonmetro 0.59 0.60 0.67 0.66 0.68 0.69 0.65 0.68
80414
Table 3.8P – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.1119   0.1283   0.7945   0.7083  
AGE                
12-13 0.0144   0.0177   0.1738   0.0270  
14-15 0.1195   0.3180   0.8546   0.9802  
16-17 0.4567   0.9694   0.5302   0.2958  
GENDER                
Male 0.2277   0.7248   0.4884   0.8491  
Female 0.2911   0.0621   0.2449   0.4252  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1426   0.2644   0.6935   0.8826  
White 0.5407   0.7173   0.7483   0.4839  
Black or African American 0.3224   0.5102   0.9680   0.7358  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0513   0.5101   0.3237   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.4584   0.3750   0.2136   0.0996  
Two or More Races 0.7111   0.0447   0.0091   0.1333  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5012   0.2772   0.8307   0.5881  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.0417   0.1999   0.8199   0.4692  
Small Metro 0.3372   0.9631   0.7385   0.7607  
Nonmetro 0.2035   0.1466   0.5077   0.4074  
80414
Table 3.9C – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 88 94 77 85 69 75
AGE            
12-13 60 67 57 63 44 42
14-15 60 59 50 50 44 50
16-17 60 57 41 42 38 41
GENDER            
Male 62 64 54 57 52 49
Female 66 70 55 60 49 56
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 79 82 69 74 60 64
White 76 80 57 59 50 51
Black or African American 50 53 47 51 40 45
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 6 4 4 4 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 33 29 33 23 16 19
Two or More Races 14 12 13 11 12 7
Hispanic or Latino 41 43 35 38 32 40
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 84 93 66 76 60 68
Small Metro 63 64 52 51 39 44
Nonmetro 37 39 31 32 29 30
80414
Table 3.9D – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.36 0.38 0.30 0.34 0.27 0.30
AGE            
12-13 0.68 0.70 0.63 0.66 0.51 0.49
14-15 0.59 0.62 0.51 0.56 0.46 0.55
16-17 0.62 0.61 0.45 0.48 0.42 0.46
GENDER            
Male 0.49 0.51 0.42 0.45 0.41 0.38
Female 0.54 0.58 0.45 0.49 0.40 0.46
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.39 0.41 0.33 0.36 0.29 0.31
White 0.41 0.45 0.34 0.37 0.30 0.31
Black or African American 0.95 1.03 0.93 1.05 0.85 0.91
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.50 3.70 2.77 2.79 2.87 2.92
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.63 2.49 2.62 2.14 1.45 1.74
Two or More Races 3.27 2.72 2.97 2.10 2.84 1.59
Hispanic or Latino 0.92 0.94 0.77 0.82 0.70 0.88
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.51 0.56 0.44 0.49 0.40 0.44
Small Metro 0.63 0.70 0.56 0.60 0.45 0.53
Nonmetro 0.71 0.77 0.68 0.63 0.58 0.64
80414
Table 3.9P – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.8207   0.0345   0.2368  
AGE            
12-13 0.5014   0.1380   0.5101  
14-15 0.8104   0.4928   0.9351  
16-17 0.5503   0.0969   0.0887  
GENDER            
Male 0.3414   0.1878   0.4045  
Female 0.2497   0.0702   0.0185  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8215   0.0680   0.5407  
White 0.9809   0.2171   0.9700  
Black or African American 0.7480   0.0162   0.3072  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4756   0.4842   0.7942  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.9208   0.2817   0.2496  
Two or More Races 0.6361   0.5141   0.4590  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9334   0.2208   0.2134  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.6703   0.0167   0.2677  
Small Metro 0.9451   0.2393   0.3148  
Nonmetro 0.6569   0.3138   0.5126  
80414
Table 3.10C – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 73 74 46 48 90 99 111 115
AGE                
12-13 49 48 30 33 111 122 99 111
14-15 45 42 31 27 128 131 106 110
16-17 41 42 26 25 121 134 97 108
GENDER                
Male 51 54 35 35 68 70 78 82
Female 51 50 31 33 59 65 75 79
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 65 65 42 42 78 86 99 100
White 52 53 33 31 192 195 163 163
Black or African American 37 35 23 26 103 107 79 83
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 * 4 5 15 20 12 18
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 25 23 13 12 67 57 48 43
Two or More Races 15 10 6 5 29 23 27 19
Hispanic or Latino 34 35 22 23 45 45 50 53
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 64 61 38 39 193 233 167 179
Small Metro 42 46 26 27 161 153 127 133
Nonmetro 29 30 17 16 96 95 75 82
80414
Table 3.10D – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.29 0.30 0.18 0.19 0.36 0.40 0.44 0.46
AGE                
12-13 0.57 0.55 0.36 0.39 0.69 0.69 0.75 0.79
14-15 0.47 0.47 0.34 0.32 0.60 0.65 0.71 0.79
16-17 0.47 0.46 0.29 0.29 0.55 0.65 0.73 0.75
GENDER                
Male 0.39 0.43 0.27 0.28 0.53 0.55 0.61 0.65
Female 0.42 0.41 0.25 0.27 0.48 0.53 0.61 0.65
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.32 0.32 0.20 0.21 0.38 0.43 0.48 0.49
White 0.31 0.33 0.21 0.20 0.44 0.46 0.54 0.52
Black or African American 0.82 0.80 0.56 0.63 0.96 1.07 1.10 1.16
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.18 * 3.23 3.17 4.25 4.90 4.47 5.81
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.15 2.09 1.19 1.20 1.94 2.23 2.74 2.99
Two or More Races 3.17 2.27 1.45 1.18 2.22 2.37 3.52 2.96
Hispanic or Latino 0.75 0.76 0.49 0.51 1.00 0.99 1.11 1.17
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.43 0.41 0.27 0.27 0.52 0.57 0.62 0.62
Small Metro 0.48 0.54 0.33 0.35 0.62 0.69 0.77 0.85
Nonmetro 0.63 0.62 0.39 0.37 0.84 0.86 0.87 1.01
80414
Table 3.10P – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.8129   0.7153   0.0047   0.7699  
AGE                
12-13 0.5219   0.5004   0.0745   0.6218  
14-15 0.4044   0.1804   0.0434   0.1841  
16-17 0.7516   0.9783   0.3157   0.2006  
GENDER                
Male 0.6886   0.4986   0.0700   0.8097  
Female 0.4348   0.8270   0.0282   0.8573  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8514   0.3295   0.0028   0.5231  
White 0.8833   0.0887   0.0483   0.6139  
Black or African American 0.7476   0.2905   0.0481   0.4173  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   1.0000   0.6960   0.2315  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.6098   0.7939   0.2284   0.7134  
Two or More Races 0.2872   0.4587   0.0949   0.9083  
Hispanic or Latino 0.8644   0.3313   0.5991   0.6142  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.5763   0.8967   0.1483   0.7367  
Small Metro 0.4491   0.9548   0.0909   0.9630  
Nonmetro 0.6003   0.1859   0.0447   0.8550  
80414
Table 3.11C – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 97 96 85 80 62 57
AGE            
12-13 61 62 50 48 32 32
14-15 64 66 58 53 40 35
16-17 55 64 50 52 36 35
GENDER            
Male 69 68 63 60 47 45
Female 63 63 57 52 38 34
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 81 84 73 72 52 52
White 76 77 66 64 42 42
Black or African American 54 59 47 45 32 35
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 11 8 8 3 2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 26 25 22 20 14 14
Two or More Races 12 17 11 15 8 9
Hispanic or Latino 48 44 42 38 33 24
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 82 98 72 72 51 51
Small Metro 66 60 54 47 34 30
Nonmetro 44 43 38 36 23 21
80414
Table 3.11D – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.38 0.38 0.34 0.32 0.24 0.23
AGE            
12-13 0.68 0.66 0.57 0.53 0.38 0.37
14-15 0.63 0.64 0.58 0.57 0.43 0.39
16-17 0.59 0.64 0.52 0.56 0.40 0.39
GENDER            
Male 0.53 0.53 0.49 0.47 0.36 0.35
Female 0.50 0.51 0.46 0.42 0.30 0.27
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.39 0.41 0.35 0.35 0.25 0.25
White 0.41 0.43 0.38 0.38 0.26 0.26
Black or African American 1.02 1.08 0.95 0.92 0.71 0.73
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.73 5.09 4.79 4.51 1.96 1.23
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.19 2.28 1.81 1.87 1.33 1.40
Two or More Races 2.77 3.10 2.43 2.98 1.76 1.83
Hispanic or Latino 1.06 0.94 0.93 0.82 0.72 0.51
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.52 0.56 0.46 0.46 0.35 0.34
Small Metro 0.71 0.63 0.58 0.54 0.42 0.40
Nonmetro 0.86 0.82 0.75 0.74 0.52 0.47
80414
Table 3.11P – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.6714   0.0003   0.0692  
AGE            
12-13 0.1144   0.0002   0.7922  
14-15 0.9800   0.1568   0.0147  
16-17 0.3391   0.2364   0.7278  
GENDER            
Male 0.8807   0.0095   0.2020  
Female 0.6245   0.0130   0.1742  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8060   0.0294   0.7023  
White 0.5350   0.0597   0.4161  
Black or African American 0.4547   0.2973   0.3840  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.2837   0.4450   0.1782  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.3098   0.6113   0.3474  
Two or More Races 0.5287   0.6137   0.6775  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6108   0.0012   0.0025  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.6515   0.0047   0.1302  
Small Metro 0.3513   0.0270   0.3822  
Nonmetro 0.4322   0.4234   0.5752  
80414
Table 3.12C – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 37 40 38 36 46 46
AGE            
12-13 17 16 8 8 17 17
14-15 21 26 22 21 30 28
16-17 25 28 31 27 34 35
GENDER            
Male 33 36 32 32 36 40
Female 15 17 21 17 29 25
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 33 35 32 33 40 41
White 28 31 26 28 34 32
Black or African American 16 17 17 16 21 22
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 3 2 5 2 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 3 11 8 7 10 14
Two or More Races 5 6 8 2 7 6
Hispanic or Latino 17 17 20 15 24 21
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 29 28 30 29 39 40
Small Metro 20 26 23 19 25 25
Nonmetro 15 18 14 11 17 13
80414
Table 3.12D – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.18 0.18
AGE            
12-13 0.21 0.20 0.09 0.10 0.21 0.21
14-15 0.24 0.29 0.25 0.24 0.32 0.31
16-17 0.29 0.31 0.35 0.32 0.38 0.38
GENDER            
Male 0.25 0.28 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.31
Female 0.12 0.13 0.17 0.14 0.23 0.20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.16 0.19 0.20
White 0.18 0.19 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.21
Black or African American 0.39 0.43 0.42 0.40 0.51 0.53
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.17 1.84 1.55 2.68 1.46 2.80
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 0.29 1.07 0.79 0.65 0.99 1.39
Two or More Races 1.18 1.28 1.79 0.60 1.60 1.31
Hispanic or Latino 0.38 0.37 0.44 0.32 0.54 0.46
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.21 0.20 0.22 0.21 0.27 0.27
Small Metro 0.27 0.34 0.29 0.26 0.30 0.33
Nonmetro 0.35 0.40 0.32 0.26 0.39 0.31
80414
Table 3.12P – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.4545   0.0560   0.0513  
AGE            
12-13 0.2735   0.8989   0.8171  
14-15 0.1053   0.5505   0.0523  
16-17 0.6724   0.0457   0.3748  
GENDER            
Male 0.4357   0.2617   0.2690  
Female 0.8750   0.0647   0.0858  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5808   0.2443   0.2995  
White 0.8033   0.8879   0.0580  
Black or African American 0.8180   0.1660   0.5206  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3935   0.9128   0.5661  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.0742   0.7748   0.7620  
Two or More Races 0.4976   0.0179   0.8861  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5552   0.0637   0.0359  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.4901   0.2384   0.0654  
Small Metro 0.1222   0.2266   0.9615  
Nonmetro 0.3841   0.3546   0.1899  
80414
Table 3.13C – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 109 116 92 101 76 79 40 43 118 115
AGE                    
12-13 64 72 48 52 27 29 128 143 71 75
14-15 68 71 65 67 53 51 139 145 79 79
16-17 67 69 64 69 60 67 131 143 72 77
GENDER                    
Male 73 81 59 61 58 64 29 30 74 77
Female 72 73 67 73 49 47 26 29 78 76
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 96 99 81 88 68 69 34 36 107 103
White 80 84 94 98 64 65 218 225 131 125
Black or African American 66 69 31 35 38 43 121 130 58 55
American Indian or Alaska Native 11 10 6 * 7 10 * 21 5 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 34 32 28 24 23 15 68 65 35 39
Two or More Races 12 16 15 11 10 13 30 29 13 16
Hispanic or Latino 49 55 43 43 40 38 19 24 44 44
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 95 126 86 101 67 75 222 265 121 122
Small Metro 79 73 64 61 49 50 180 172 92 92
Nonmetro 47 47 42 41 27 30 112 116 60 58
80414
Table 3.13D – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.44 0.47 0.37 0.41 0.30 0.31 0.16 0.17 0.47 0.47
AGE                    
12-13 0.71 0.75 0.56 0.57 0.33 0.34 0.27 0.26 0.73 0.72
14-15 0.67 0.71 0.62 0.72 0.53 0.53 0.26 0.28 0.73 0.74
16-17 0.69 0.71 0.64 0.68 0.59 0.65 0.29 0.35 0.68 0.74
GENDER                    
Male 0.58 0.64 0.46 0.48 0.45 0.50 0.23 0.24 0.59 0.61
Female 0.59 0.61 0.55 0.60 0.39 0.38 0.21 0.24 0.65 0.63
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.47 0.49 0.39 0.43 0.33 0.34 0.17 0.18 0.53 0.51
White 0.48 0.50 0.46 0.51 0.37 0.37 0.18 0.18 0.62 0.61
Black or African American 1.36 1.22 0.71 0.81 0.81 0.91 0.42 0.51 1.18 1.06
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.29 5.47 3.81 * 3.97 4.71 * 1.43 3.47 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.79 2.84 2.27 2.09 1.97 1.36 1.33 1.29 2.68 3.12
Two or More Races 2.87 2.88 3.29 2.49 2.24 2.67 0.90 0.65 3.14 3.21
Hispanic or Latino 1.10 1.22 0.95 0.94 0.88 0.81 0.42 0.52 0.99 0.98
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.63 0.71 0.54 0.59 0.44 0.45 0.22 0.25 0.69 0.68
Small Metro 0.85 0.80 0.63 0.67 0.55 0.59 0.28 0.30 0.82 0.87
Nonmetro 0.88 0.93 0.80 0.78 0.58 0.65 0.37 0.35 1.09 0.99
80414
Table 3.13P – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.5170   0.2037   0.0642   0.5596   0.6543  
AGE                    
12-13 0.3650   0.5931   0.3960   0.9300   0.4637  
14-15 0.7522   0.0869   0.0425   0.7113   0.7735  
16-17 0.0703   0.4597   0.7162   0.6052   0.8296  
GENDER                    
Male 0.7461   0.9912   0.6961   0.5666   0.8417  
Female 0.5097   0.0812   0.0124   0.1454   0.3868  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6087   0.5591   0.0326   0.7822   0.6890  
White 0.3895   0.3822   0.0054   0.3779   0.7394  
Black or African American 0.5721   0.4102   0.4111   0.4994   0.1641  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0258   *   0.8156   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.4903   0.4564   0.0905   0.5851   0.5655  
Two or More Races 0.0707   0.9672   0.8013   0.8451   0.0894  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6008   0.1053   0.9759   0.1222   0.9598  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.9476   0.8268   0.0304   0.7748   0.9450  
Small Metro 0.1899   0.0466   0.5794   0.5431   0.5733  
Nonmetro 0.9078   0.8058   0.5691   0.9217   0.7861  
80414
Table 3.14C – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 95 97 109 102 110 114
AGE            
12-13 119 130 112 125 82 82
14-15 122 128 114 119 79 82
16-17 113 119 106 110 69 77
GENDER            
Male 65 71 75 75 77 80
Female 64 66 74 70 73 76
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 86 87 96 91 96 102
White 185 186 170 171 108 114
Black or African American 110 116 105 106 72 73
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 21 * 19 10 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 61 58 55 55 33 35
Two or More Races 27 23 26 22 13 18
Hispanic or Latino 41 44 51 47 54 50
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 191 223 176 198 119 126
Small Metro 155 148 150 138 84 94
Nonmetro 99 104 92 96 63 66
80414
Table 3.14D – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.38 0.39 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.47
AGE            
12-13 0.61 0.57 0.69 0.64 0.78 0.75
14-15 0.64 0.68 0.72 0.75 0.74 0.78
16-17 0.66 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.67 0.72
GENDER            
Male 0.51 0.57 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.64
Female 0.52 0.55 0.61 0.58 0.60 0.64
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.42 0.43 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.51
White 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.54 0.54 0.57
Black or African American 0.75 0.87 0.90 0.93 1.20 1.19
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.99 3.03 * 4.00 4.63 5.59
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.38 1.96 2.80 2.21 2.39 2.82
Two or More Races 3.15 2.62 3.59 2.82 2.97 3.31
Hispanic or Latino 0.94 0.98 1.16 1.04 1.23 1.12
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.55 0.59 0.64 0.62 0.65 0.67
Small Metro 0.66 0.65 0.79 0.72 0.77 0.85
Nonmetro 0.78 0.85 0.85 0.92 1.00 1.05
80414
Table 3.14P – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.1225   0.8854   0.9316  
AGE            
12-13 0.4297   0.4965   0.1394  
14-15 0.8927   0.8411   0.8090  
16-17 0.0550   0.8431   0.1124  
GENDER            
Male 0.1363   0.6693   0.8236  
Female 0.4431   0.8110   0.9139  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5503   0.2885   0.6601  
White 0.5241   0.5068   0.7327  
Black or African American 0.0691   0.4728   0.9588  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4393   *   0.7438  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.0501   0.0230   0.2110  
Two or More Races 0.7454   0.3525   0.0314  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0179   0.0880   0.3212  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.0480   0.7067   0.5498  
Small Metro 0.3023   0.1134   0.1988  
Nonmetro 0.1461   0.2627   0.3762  
80414
Table 3.15C – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know They Had Done
a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something They
Had Done
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 77 72 112 119 76 80 77 81
AGE                
12-13 128 137 94 104 126 139 126 139
14-15 133 137 87 88 128 135 128 138
16-17 126 135 68 72 121 132 120 131
GENDER                
Male 53 49 77 84 52 56 51 56
Female 52 53 78 81 56 58 55 59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 65 64 98 106 67 68 67 72
White 212 209 123 122 206 208 206 212
Black or African American 117 129 62 69 112 124 108 124
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 22 8 * 15 21 15 21
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 68 62 48 44 63 59 62 60
Two or More Races 28 26 24 16 29 24 29 27
Hispanic or Latino 37 33 58 52 38 39 38 38
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 213 247 135 143 213 242 214 245
Small Metro 176 163 100 82 167 160 166 164
Nonmetro 104 111 54 64 103 110 104 110
80414
Table 3.15D – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know They Had Done
a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something They
Had Done
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.30 0.29 0.44 0.47 0.30 0.32 0.30 0.32
AGE                
12-13 0.52 0.49 0.73 0.79 0.40 0.45 0.42 0.44
14-15 0.51 0.51 0.73 0.75 0.50 0.59 0.51 0.58
16-17 0.47 0.49 0.66 0.73 0.56 0.55 0.59 0.56
GENDER                
Male 0.41 0.39 0.60 0.66 0.40 0.43 0.40 0.44
Female 0.42 0.43 0.63 0.66 0.45 0.47 0.45 0.48
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.31 0.31 0.48 0.52 0.32 0.33 0.32 0.35
White 0.37 0.36 0.54 0.58 0.35 0.38 0.33 0.38
Black or African American 0.67 0.61 1.16 1.16 0.73 0.82 0.81 0.90
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.16 2.18 4.91 * 3.17 3.28 4.20 3.75
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.79 1.97 2.71 2.83 2.44 2.14 2.60 2.19
Two or More Races 2.38 1.98 4.11 2.80 2.47 2.21 2.03 2.12
Hispanic or Latino 0.81 0.71 1.29 1.14 0.84 0.83 0.85 0.83
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.44 0.43 0.66 0.66 0.41 0.47 0.45 0.46
Small Metro 0.49 0.50 0.80 0.82 0.55 0.53 0.60 0.60
Nonmetro 0.66 0.60 0.89 1.02 0.62 0.64 0.58 0.62
80414
Table 3.15P – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know They Had Done
a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something They
Had Done
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.4449   0.6420   0.3244   0.5156  
AGE                
12-13 0.1693   0.1647   0.2857   0.8967  
14-15 0.4396   0.4148   0.2866   0.4124  
16-17 0.4110   0.7718   0.9212   0.6650  
GENDER                
Male 0.3283   0.8460   0.8603   0.8273  
Female 0.9102   0.3751   0.1283   0.4990  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7566   0.6056   0.5329   0.3421  
White 0.7350   0.7761   0.5832   0.0663  
Black or African American 0.5547   0.7367   0.6498   0.6495  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0139   *   0.2861   0.3043  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1127   0.9477   0.7785   0.3628  
Two or More Races 0.5880   0.9462   0.5182   0.3268  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2832   0.9084   0.3782   0.6378  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.3868   0.3569   0.2795   0.6867  
Small Metro 0.2802   0.0973   0.9557   0.7077  
Nonmetro 0.0737   0.0897   0.6339   0.6602  
80414
Table 3.16C – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3 Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4 Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 82 87 226 251 237 264 56 53 237 262
AGE                    
12-13 40 40 110 126 112 126 25 24 114 127
14-15 49 44 120 123 123 124 35 32 119 125
16-17 48 55 111 111 117 125 36 32 118 121
GENDER                    
Male 59 66 143 161 148 162 43 42 156 165
Female 57 50 148 151 156 163 33 31 149 158
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 71 73 206 222 215 230 48 45 214 230
White 57 62 181 184 188 190 37 36 189 191
Black or African American 31 32 94 93 100 109 25 24 101 109
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 5 10 * 15 * * * 13 21
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 26 20 61 60 60 63 15 6 59 62
Two or More Races 19 9 28 22 22 26 7 7 23 24
Hispanic or Latino 44 45 101 105 110 115 30 27 109 111
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 61 73 180 218 187 226 45 43 193 220
Small Metro 50 42 140 132 152 141 30 27 146 143
Nonmetro 31 27 90 88 92 97 18 18 92 96
80414
Table 3.16D – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3 Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4 Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.33 0.33 0.38 0.41 0.36 0.37 0.24 0.23 0.36 0.36
AGE                    
12-13 0.53 0.50 0.64 0.70 0.56 0.57 0.37 0.34 0.56 0.52
14-15 0.55 0.50 0.62 0.64 0.59 0.62 0.42 0.41 0.61 0.65
16-17 0.55 0.63 0.68 0.72 0.66 0.64 0.43 0.39 0.66 0.63
GENDER                    
Male 0.45 0.50 0.53 0.58 0.50 0.51 0.36 0.35 0.51 0.49
Female 0.47 0.40 0.53 0.56 0.49 0.49 0.30 0.27 0.49 0.50
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.33 0.35 0.40 0.43 0.39 0.39 0.25 0.24 0.39 0.39
White 0.36 0.38 0.47 0.49 0.44 0.47 0.25 0.25 0.46 0.45
Black or African American 0.79 0.85 0.94 1.02 0.86 0.82 0.71 0.68 0.90 0.87
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.87 3.47 5.21 * 3.83 * * * 4.85 2.96
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.56 2.02 1.98 2.51 2.58 1.96 1.58 0.69 2.33 1.89
Two or More Races 4.13 2.02 2.52 2.60 2.78 2.43 1.85 1.68 2.82 3.20
Hispanic or Latino 0.98 0.98 1.01 1.08 0.89 0.87 0.75 0.65 0.90 0.91
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.45 0.51 0.55 0.59 0.55 0.52 0.36 0.33 0.52 0.51
Small Metro 0.64 0.57 0.67 0.71 0.60 0.65 0.43 0.40 0.63 0.64
Nonmetro 0.68 0.63 0.88 0.85 0.77 0.80 0.46 0.45 0.76 0.78
80414
Table 3.16P – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3 Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4 Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.3765   0.0418   0.8182   0.2782   0.3311  
AGE                    
12-13 0.4954   0.0054   0.8306   0.0858   0.1096  
14-15 0.7103   0.9909   0.7322   0.9669   0.9222  
16-17 0.1968   0.3105   0.4207   0.7747   0.7615  
GENDER                    
Male 0.1299   0.4632   0.8130   0.8835   0.9636  
Female 0.6544   0.0230   0.9166   0.1095   0.1626  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6485   0.0372   0.3231   0.4272   0.2763  
White 0.6226   0.2671   0.5215   0.1804   0.9341  
Black or African American 0.5329   0.0014   0.6642   0.5019   0.4163  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.9758   *   *   *   0.1319  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.6503   0.5301   0.0664   0.3620   0.0401  
Two or More Races 0.8170   0.3483   0.3882   0.6040   0.8318  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4397   0.6295   0.0944   0.3893   0.9205  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.3700   0.2598   0.3214   0.0622   0.1893  
Small Metro 0.4524   0.2703   0.4132   0.3494   0.6172  
Nonmetro 0.4768   0.1108   0.6456   0.8496   0.4046  
80414
Table 3.17C – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked
That Youth Did
Homework
Parents Provided
Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a
School Night
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 234 259 236 258 208 232
AGE            
12-13 118 129 117 128 102 114
14-15 121 124 119 125 109 116
16-17 106 116 105 116 103 110
GENDER            
Male 154 166 152 165 134 152
Female 149 154 152 154 139 142
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 214 224 216 231 192 205
White 190 187 194 193 169 172
Black or African American 98 106 97 105 91 93
American Indian or Alaska Native * 21 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 58 55 51 58 55 53
Two or More Races 28 26 28 25 27 24
Hispanic or Latino 109 114 99 103 96 100
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 185 216 188 218 168 197
Small Metro 152 141 152 142 130 124
Nonmetro 93 99 94 96 78 86
80414
Table 3.17D – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked
That Youth Did
Homework
Parents Provided
Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a
School Night
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.36 0.39 0.38 0.38 0.42 0.43
AGE            
12-13 0.47 0.51 0.47 0.51 0.73 0.70
14-15 0.60 0.62 0.60 0.60 0.67 0.74
16-17 0.71 0.70 0.74 0.70 0.73 0.74
GENDER            
Male 0.49 0.48 0.49 0.49 0.57 0.61
Female 0.55 0.57 0.57 0.55 0.61 0.61
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.39 0.42 0.38 0.40 0.46 0.47
White 0.44 0.48 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.52
Black or African American 0.94 0.92 1.00 0.93 1.19 1.16
American Indian or Alaska Native * 2.82 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.55 2.50 2.79 2.46 2.76 2.82
Two or More Races 3.22 2.60 2.74 2.44 3.09 2.99
Hispanic or Latino 0.95 0.99 1.08 1.07 1.12 1.08
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.53 0.54 0.56 0.55 0.58 0.63
Small Metro 0.64 0.68 0.69 0.67 0.72 0.75
Nonmetro 0.77 0.78 0.73 0.73 0.94 0.90
80414
Table 3.17P – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked
That Youth Did
Homework
Parents Provided
Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a
School Night
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.8931   0.0533   0.0375  
AGE            
12-13 0.5454   0.4830   0.1538  
14-15 0.8478   0.1398   0.4045  
16-17 0.9197   0.0620   0.1580  
GENDER            
Male 0.2171   0.0321   0.1208  
Female 0.1761   0.4579   0.1521  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8211   0.0377   0.0797  
White 0.1958   0.9443   0.0963  
Black or African American 0.3745   0.0085   0.8131  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.7065   0.0357   0.3032  
Two or More Races 0.2854   0.3610   0.9360  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9269   0.6289   0.2813  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.4959   0.0398   0.2866  
Small Metro 0.4946   0.4737   0.5122  
Nonmetro 0.3595   0.7733   0.0105  
80414
Table 3.18C – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least
Once a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 116 119 102 114 156 169 89 92
AGE                
12-13 31 31 22 22 37 39 20 17
14-15 67 68 61 64 87 89 50 57
16-17 80 84 74 81 107 116 69 70
GENDER                
Male 73 72 66 74 99 105 56 60
Female 84 85 75 79 105 112 68 68
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 105 108 94 101 141 153 80 83
White 90 91 76 79 126 132 71 71
Black or African American 53 54 54 55 62 60 37 36
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 * 6 6 7 * 7 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 23 17 19 20 35 33 18 19
Two or More Races 11 14 11 13 18 17 10 8
Hispanic or Latino 56 49 47 50 71 71 42 41
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 89 90 81 95 121 140 72 73
Small Metro 70 72 62 62 95 95 52 49
Nonmetro 52 50 33 34 61 63 35 38
80414
Table 3.18D – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least
Once a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.43 0.45 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.46 0.34 0.37
AGE                
12-13 0.45 0.43 0.33 0.32 0.51 0.53 0.30 0.25
14-15 0.70 0.74 0.66 0.72 0.75 0.79 0.58 0.68
16-17 0.78 0.80 0.75 0.77 0.73 0.73 0.70 0.72
GENDER                
Male 0.55 0.55 0.51 0.55 0.63 0.66 0.46 0.48
Female 0.63 0.65 0.58 0.62 0.63 0.67 0.53 0.59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.48 0.42 0.45 0.47 0.51 0.36 0.40
White 0.49 0.54 0.46 0.49 0.53 0.58 0.42 0.44
Black or African American 1.20 1.24 1.21 1.15 1.22 1.19 0.95 0.95
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.45 * 3.97 4.68 4.60 * 4.74 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.47 1.76 2.02 2.04 2.84 2.72 2.02 1.99
Two or More Races 2.77 2.79 2.78 2.91 2.91 2.98 2.80 1.98
Hispanic or Latino 1.19 1.04 1.10 0.99 1.29 1.14 0.99 0.94
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.62 0.68 0.66 0.53 0.53
Small Metro 0.73 0.75 0.70 0.70 0.75 0.81 0.61 0.61
Nonmetro 0.99 0.96 0.75 0.77 1.01 1.10 0.77 0.82
80414
Table 3.18P – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007 Versus 2006
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least
Once a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 0.0027   0.9543   0.0805   0.3519  
AGE                
12-13 0.4154   0.4807   0.3816   0.0298  
14-15 0.0038   0.9372   0.1294   0.3581  
16-17 0.2431   0.3786   0.7708   0.6624  
GENDER                
Male 0.0673   0.6328   0.2466   0.8347  
Female 0.0137   0.7377   0.2163   0.1994  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0115   0.5212   0.1198   0.3362  
White 0.0333   0.8205   0.5093   0.4471  
Black or African American 0.1724   0.2315   0.0964   0.7982  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   0.9550   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1889   0.9869   0.3528   0.9096  
Two or More Races 0.2827   0.5581   0.2808   0.3582  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1243   0.1828   0.4384   0.8456  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.0025   0.5313   0.0375   0.2841  
Small Metro 0.3445   0.4461   0.9418   0.5284  
Nonmetro 0.7285   0.5205   0.8716   0.5250  
80414
Table 3.19C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Perceptions of Risk1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
CIGARETTES                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 56 42 44 36 50 47 58 43
MARIJUANA                
Smoke Once a Month 28 65 15 56 25 64 27 67
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 35 60 19 53 32 62 35 62
COCAINE                
Use Once a Month 47 50 38 41 48 51 54 50
Use Once or Twice a Week 60 36 49 30 60 34 63 33
HEROIN                
Try Once or Twice 57 40 47 32 57 38 61 37
Use Once or Twice a Week 65 26 54 18 66 23 68 22
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 47 50 38 39 50 47 52 48
Use Once or Twice a Week 58 37 47 31 60 32 64 33
ALCOHOL                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 49 49 38 41 46 52 45 55
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 39 56 27 49 33 60 31 64
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana 64 29 56 12 67 24 69 23
Cocaine 47 52 39 41 46 49 47 54
Crack 42 56 34 45 41 55 43 59
Heroin 30 66 25 52 31 63 32 65
LSD 34 60 29 48 36 59 35 62
80414
Table 3.19D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Perceptions of Risk1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
CIGARETTES                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.30 0.52 0.25 0.45 0.28 0.54 0.31 0.51
MARIJUANA                
Smoke Once a Month 0.31 0.37 0.17 0.33 0.29 0.36 0.31 0.37
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.25 0.48 0.14 0.44 0.23 0.49 0.25 0.49
COCAINE                
Use Once a Month 0.36 0.38 0.29 0.32 0.36 0.40 0.41 0.39
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.29 0.65 0.25 0.54 0.29 0.61 0.30 0.60
HEROIN                
Try Once or Twice 0.37 0.36 0.32 0.30 0.38 0.35 0.40 0.34
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.30 0.53 0.26 0.38 0.31 0.49 0.32 0.46
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 0.36 0.40 0.30 0.33 0.40 0.39 0.41 0.39
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.30 0.56 0.25 0.48 0.32 0.50 0.33 0.52
ALCOHOL                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.28 0.53 0.23 0.45 0.27 0.54 0.26 0.58
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 0.37 0.35 0.27 0.31 0.32 0.37 0.31 0.40
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana 0.47 0.22 0.43 0.10 0.49 0.19 0.51 0.18
Cocaine 0.71 0.27 0.60 0.22 0.69 0.26 0.73 0.28
Crack 0.63 0.29 0.53 0.25 0.62 0.29 0.65 0.31
Heroin 0.83 0.30 0.69 0.24 0.85 0.29 0.90 0.30
LSD 0.91 0.28 0.78 0.23 0.92 0.28 0.94 0.29
80414
Table 3.20C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF PARENTS' FEELINGS
ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 63 30 51 26 58 37 64 31
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 61 34 47 32 58 38 62 35
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 62 32 48 30 61 33 65 32
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 63 30 50 27 59 35 61 39
80414
Table 3.20D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF PARENTS' FEELINGS
ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 0.26 1.35 0.22 1.20 0.24 1.56 0.26 1.38
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.25 1.28 0.20 1.24 0.25 1.39 0.26 1.34
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 0.25 1.56 0.20 1.50 0.25 1.61 0.26 1.62
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 0.27 1.05 0.22 0.96 0.25 1.20 0.26 1.30
80414
Table 3.21C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF CLOSE FRIENDS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 59 37 46 32 55 40 63 36
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 47 51 33 46 48 49 49 50
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 46 52 32 47 48 49 51 50
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 55 42 42 37 51 44 51 47
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 60 34 48 30 55 39 63 33
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 46 52 32 47 48 50 52 49
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 45 54 31 48 48 50 51 50
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 57 40 44 35 56 40 56 44
80414
Table 3.21D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF CLOSE FRIENDS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 0.26 1.05 0.21 0.94 0.24 1.14 0.27 1.02
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.22 0.96 0.16 0.90 0.22 0.97 0.24 0.97
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 0.21 1.03 0.15 0.98 0.22 1.02 0.24 1.02
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 0.25 0.94 0.20 0.86 0.24 0.99 0.24 1.04
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 0.26 1.17 0.21 1.06 0.24 1.24 0.27 1.15
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.22 0.98 0.15 0.91 0.23 0.94 0.24 0.93
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 0.21 1.00 0.15 0.92 0.22 0.93 0.24 0.96
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 0.25 1.03 0.20 0.94 0.25 1.06 0.25 1.15
80414
Table 3.22C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR                
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 28 66 24 53 29 66 28 66
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 25 67 20 54 24 67 24 67
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 25 65 19 54 23 67 21 68
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 24 67 20 54 21 67 22 69
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 20 68 19 53 19 68 19 69
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 62 37 49 30 63 33 63 33
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 50 50 41 39 51 45 53 44
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 43 54 35 43 40 56 42 56
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 38 58 31 47 37 60 40 60
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 32 63 25 52 28 66 28 65
Carried a Handgun 21 69 20 55 22 67 21 68
Sold Illegal Drugs 30 63 29 49 27 66 25 67
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 29 64 26 50 27 67 26 68
80414
Table 3.22D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR                
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 0.49 0.32 0.42 0.27 0.50 0.32 0.49 0.32
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 0.62 0.30 0.51 0.25 0.60 0.29 0.59 0.29
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 0.81 0.28 0.65 0.24 0.78 0.29 0.72 0.29
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 0.80 0.29 0.67 0.23 0.70 0.28 0.72 0.29
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 1.58 0.27 1.46 0.22 1.47 0.27 1.51 0.27
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 0.30 0.62 0.24 0.52 0.30 0.56 0.30 0.56
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 0.32 0.47 0.27 0.38 0.33 0.43 0.33 0.42
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 0.68 0.26 0.58 0.22 0.66 0.27 0.67 0.28
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 0.89 0.26 0.77 0.21 0.86 0.26 0.93 0.27
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 1.49 0.26 1.27 0.21 1.36 0.26 1.37 0.26
Carried a Handgun 2.17 0.26 2.12 0.22 2.30 0.26 2.16 0.26
Sold Illegal Drugs 2.34 0.24 2.40 0.19 2.40 0.25 2.43 0.26
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 2.14 0.25 2.04 0.20 2.07 0.26 1.89 0.27
80414
Table 3.23C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 43 54 35 44 42 56 36 61
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 42 56 35 46 43 54 41 57
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 48 51 43 38 46 52 50 51
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 69 18 56 15 67 20 71 20
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 30 63 23 53 28 65 32 65
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 56 42 41 38 54 42 56 44
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 52 49 36 43 48 49 50 51
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 35 62 24 52 31 61 33 63
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 66 25 53 21 65 25 66 26
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 36 62 27 49 34 62 33 64
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 62 34 51 28 64 32 64 30
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 60 37 48 31 63 34 63 32
80414
Table 3.23D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 0.64 0.27 0.53 0.23 0.63 0.29 0.54 0.31
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 0.68 0.28 0.57 0.23 0.66 0.27 0.64 0.28
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 1.09 0.22 1.04 0.17 1.06 0.23 1.13 0.23
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 0.27 1.88 0.22 1.66 0.26 2.06 0.28 2.05
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 0.37 0.35 0.29 0.30 0.35 0.35 0.39 0.35
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 0.28 0.68 0.21 0.62 0.27 0.64 0.28 0.66
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 0.29 0.58 0.21 0.52 0.28 0.56 0.29 0.57
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 0.39 0.36 0.28 0.31 0.34 0.35 0.38 0.36
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 0.28 0.78 0.23 0.66 0.28 0.76 0.28 0.80
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 0.34 0.38 0.27 0.31 0.33 0.37 0.33 0.38
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 0.27 0.87 0.23 0.74 0.28 0.79 0.28 0.76
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 0.26 0.92 0.22 0.78 0.27 0.82 0.28 0.81
80414
Table 3.24C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 31 61 28 49 34 58 31 63
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 55 39 44 33 55 40 57 41
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 56 37 46 32 55 39 56 39
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 22 64 19 53 25 64 23 66
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 57 36 50 29 58 36 61 35
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 55 37 45 32 55 42 56 42
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 56 37 46 32 56 38 56 42
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 52 41 46 32 53 41 54 42
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 45 50 40 39 51 42 50 49
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 49 45 43 33 49 44 52 46
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 53 38 46 29 57 34 64 28
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 39 54 35 44 41 50 47 50
80414
Table 3.24D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 0.90 0.28 0.82 0.24 0.94 0.27 0.89 0.29
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 0.29 0.65 0.24 0.56 0.29 0.66 0.31 0.68
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 0.28 0.75 0.24 0.67 0.28 0.78 0.28 0.77
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 1.38 0.29 1.24 0.24 1.58 0.28 1.44 0.29
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 0.29 0.74 0.26 0.62 0.29 0.74 0.31 0.70
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 0.29 0.69 0.24 0.62 0.28 0.75 0.29 0.77
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 0.28 0.75 0.24 0.67 0.28 0.78 0.29 0.85
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 0.31 0.55 0.28 0.45 0.31 0.55 0.32 0.56
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 0.67 0.28 0.61 0.23 0.73 0.25 0.74 0.28
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 0.83 0.25 0.77 0.19 0.82 0.25 0.86 0.26
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 0.49 0.30 0.44 0.23 0.51 0.26 0.56 0.22
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 0.84 0.28 0.78 0.23 0.87 0.26 0.97 0.26

Go to Top of PageGo to the Table of Contents

This is the page footer.

This page was last updated on .