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80410
Table 6.1A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Age Category Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 24,901 24,313 9,211 8,829 15,690 15,484
18 854 834 319 346 535 488
19 839 799 334 277 505 523
20 753 735 264 269 489 466
21 796 779 342 300 454 479
22 659 666 227 265 432 401
23 638 701 212 245 426 455
24 597 670 202a 292 395 378
25 649 659 264 231 385 428
26-29 2,693 2,437 1,045 984 1,648 1,453
30-34 2,602 2,477 1,035 921 1,567 1,555
35-39 2,542 2,581 735 816 1,806 1,765
40-44 2,819a 2,289 1,162 873 1,657 1,416
45-49 2,397 2,443 946 895 1,451 1,548
50-54 2,061 2,255 651 811 1,411 1,444
55-59 1,737 1,643 823a 469 914 1,173
60-64 755 776 111a 352 644 424
65 or Older 1,511 1,570 540 484 971 1,086
80410
Table 6.1B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 11.3 10.9 8.7 8.2 13.7 13.4
18 18.6 17.5 12.8 13.5 25.5 22.1
19 20.1 18.2 15.0 12.5 26.0 24.0
20 18.7 18.0 13.2 13.0 24.1 23.1
21 18.5 19.1 15.9 14.6 21.2 23.6
22 16.7 17.6 11.5 13.8 21.8 21.5
23 16.2 17.7 11.0 12.8 21.1 22.3
24 15.2 17.0 10.7a 15.0 19.5 18.9
25 16.9 17.7 14.5 12.7 19.0 22.4
26-29 16.3 14.9 12.9 12.0 19.7 17.7
30-34 14.0 13.1 11.0 9.8 17.0 16.3
35-39 12.2 12.3 7.2 7.8 17.0 16.6
40-44 12.6 10.8 10.6 8.3 14.5 13.3
45-49 10.9 10.8 8.7 8.2 13.1 13.3
50-54 9.9 10.4 6.5 7.4 13.0 13.4
55-59 9.9 8.9 9.4a 5.5 10.4 11.9
60-64 5.6 5.8 1.8a 5.5 9.1 6.1
65 or Older 4.2 4.3 3.5 3.1 4.8 5.2
80422
Table 6.2A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 24,901 24,313 5,784 5,843 13,052 12,226 6,065 6,244
GENDER                
Male 9,211 8,829 2,164 2,224 4,922 4,489 2,125 2,116
Female 15,690 15,484 3,621 3,619 8,130 7,737 3,940 4,128
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 21,782 21,287 4,922 5,024 11,315 10,640 5,545 5,623
White 17,465 17,454 3,802 3,962 9,131 8,733 4,532 4,759
Black or African American 2,660 2,668 710 687 1,347 1,258 603 723
American Indian or Alaska Native 284 151 33 32 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 89 76 * 16 * * * *
Asian 722 614 260 227 393 331 * 56
Two or More Races 563a 324 80 100 261 192 * *
Hispanic or Latino 3,118 3,026 863 819 1,737 1,586 519 621
EDUCATION                
< High School 5,037 5,293 1,202 1,235 2,323 2,384 1,513 1,674
High School Graduate 8,070 7,753 2,029 2,053 4,189a 3,587 1,852 2,113
Some College 7,134 6,582 1,931 1,933 3,593 3,514 1,610a 1,135
College Graduate 4,659 4,685 622 622 2,947 2,741 1,090 1,322
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 12,312 11,514 2,472 2,516 7,833 7,116 2,007 1,882
Part-Time 3,789 3,823 1,573 1,599 1,524 1,463 693 761
Unemployed 1,524 1,474 605 594 801 695 * *
Other1 7,275 7,503 1,134 1,133 2,894 2,952 3,247 3,418
80422
Table 6.2B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 11.3 10.9 17.7 17.9 13.0 12.2 6.9 7.0
GENDER                
Male 8.7 8.2 13.1 13.5 9.9 9.1 5.3 5.1
Female 13.7 13.4 22.3 22.3 16.0 15.3 8.4 8.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.4 11.0 18.3 18.6 13.4 12.7 6.9 6.8
White 11.4 11.3 18.8 19.6 14.1 13.6 6.7 6.9
Black or African American 10.5 10.5 15.8 15.2 10.9 10.3 7.2 8.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 25.9a 13.7 18.2 19.2 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10.8 11.9 * 11.8 * * * *
Asian 7.8 6.4 17.0 15.7 7.7 6.5 * 1.9
Two or More Races 25.3b 14.0 22.9 22.6 28.0 18.2 * *
Hispanic or Latino 10.8 10.2 14.8 14.2 10.7 9.6 7.6 8.6
EDUCATION                
< High School 13.7 14.6 18.4 19.9 16.6 17.3 9.4 10.3
High School Graduate 11.7 11.4 18.0 18.4 14.0 12.7 6.6 7.4
Some College 12.9a 11.5 18.2 17.6 13.9 13.2 8.6a 5.7
College Graduate 7.8 7.7 14.4 14.1 9.6 8.7 4.4 5.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 10.1 9.5 15.7 16.4 10.9 9.9 6.0 5.5
Part-Time 13.1 13.0 19.0 19.0 14.6 13.5 6.8 7.4
Unemployed 21.6 20.7 24.3 22.8 23.8 21.3 * *
Other1 11.5 11.6 18.3 17.8 19.9 20.7 7.7 7.8
80410
Table 6.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 30,804 30,966 6,762 6,811 24,042 24,155
Marijuana and Hashish 22,030 21,938 4,551 4,826 17,479 17,112
Cocaine 5,658 5,355 1,470 1,551 4,189 3,804
Crack 1,406 1,386 488 607 918 779
Heroin 523 342 163 152 360 190
Hallucinogens 3,307 3,135 823 772 2,483 2,364
LSD 560 495 107 110 453 385
PCP 128 82 27 41 101 41
Ecstasy 1,824 1,804 483 471 1,340 1,333
Inhalants 1,108 1,086 264 265 844 821
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 14,301 14,246 3,809 3,674 10,492 10,572
Pain Relievers 10,832 10,785 2,762 2,837 8,069 7,948
OxyContin® 1,124 1,190 344a 498 780 691
Tranquilizers 4,575 4,776 1,475 1,571 3,100 3,206
Stimulants4 3,243b 2,582 1,059a 797 2,185a 1,784
Methamphetamine4 1,704b 1,226 524 421 1,180b 805
Sedatives 817 752 321 266 496 486
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 18,108 18,230 4,594 4,512 13,514 13,718
80410
Table 6.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 14.0 13.9 27.2 28.0 12.3 12.2
Marijuana and Hashish 10.0 9.9 18.3 19.9 8.9 8.6
Cocaine 2.6 2.4 5.9 6.4 2.1 1.9
Crack 0.6 0.6 2.0 2.5 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.5 1.4 3.3 3.2 1.3 1.2
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0
Ecstasy 0.8 0.8 1.9 1.9 0.7 0.7
Inhalants 0.5 0.5 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 6.5 6.4 15.3 15.1 5.4 5.3
Pain Relievers 4.9 4.8 11.1 11.7 4.1 4.0
OxyContin® 0.5 0.5 1.4a 2.0 0.4 0.3
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 5.9 6.5 1.6 1.6
Stimulants4 1.5b 1.2 4.3a 3.3 1.1a 0.9
Methamphetamine4 0.8b 0.6 2.1 1.7 0.6b 0.4
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 1.3 1.1 0.3 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 8.2 8.2 18.4 18.6 6.9 6.9
80410
Table 6.4A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR            
Tobacco Products2 80,717 79,844 13,369 12,567 67,348 67,277
Cigarettes 67,361 66,614 12,372 11,584 54,989 55,029
Smokeless Tobacco 10,081 9,730 1,197 1,172 8,884 8,558
Cigars 24,469 24,200 3,586 3,737 20,883 20,463
Alcohol 154,054 154,860 18,011 17,424 136,043 137,435
PAST MONTH            
Tobacco Products2 69,598 67,812 11,863 10,989 57,735 56,823
Cigarettes 58,932 57,587 11,012 10,235 47,920 47,352
Smokeless Tobacco 7,630 7,434 794 790 6,836 6,644
Cigars 12,662 12,193 1,887 1,806 10,775 10,387
Pipe Tobacco 2,154 1,864 327 413 1,826 1,452
Alcohol 121,087 122,739 13,332 13,350 107,754 109,389
Binge Alcohol Use3 53,961 55,331 7,181 7,837 46,781 47,493
Heavy Alcohol Use3 16,344 16,420 2,332 2,642 14,012 13,778
80410
Table 6.4B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR            
Tobacco Products2 36.6 35.9 53.7 51.7 34.4 33.9
Cigarettes 30.5 29.9 49.7 47.6 28.1 27.8
Smokeless Tobacco 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.3
Cigars 11.1 10.9 14.4 15.4 10.7 10.3
Alcohol 69.8 69.6 72.3 71.7 69.5 69.3
PAST MONTH            
Tobacco Products2 31.5a 30.5 47.6 45.2 29.5 28.7
Cigarettes 26.7 25.9 44.2 42.1 24.5 23.9
Smokeless Tobacco 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.4
Cigars 5.7 5.5 7.6 7.4 5.5 5.2
Pipe Tobacco 1.0 0.8 1.3 1.7 0.9 0.7
Alcohol 54.9 55.1 53.5 54.9 55.1 55.2
Binge Alcohol Use3 24.5 24.9 28.8b 32.2 23.9 24.0
Heavy Alcohol Use3 7.4 7.4 9.4 10.9 7.2 6.9
80410
Table 6.5A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 5,847 5,758 2,146 2,332 3,702 3,426
Marijuana 3,305 3,148 1,108 1,164 2,198 1,984
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 3,289 3,291 1,321 1,528 1,968 1,763
Alcohol 17,438 17,273 4,322 4,222 13,116 13,051
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2,716 2,657 914a 1,182 1,802a 1,475
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 20,570 20,373 5,554 5,373 15,016 15,001
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 4,201 4,107 1,668 1,888 2,533 2,219
Marijuana 2,169 2,118 768 852 1,401 1,266
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2,315 2,362 1,026 1,249 1,289 1,114
Alcohol 7,933 7,897 2,521 2,577 5,412 5,320
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1,176 1,204 478 651 698 553
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 10,958 10,800 3,711 3,814 7,247 6,986
80410
Table 6.5B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 2.7 2.6 8.6 9.6 1.9 1.7
Marijuana 1.5 1.4 4.4 4.8 1.1 1.0
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.5 1.5 5.3 6.3 1.0 0.9
Alcohol 7.9 7.8 17.4 17.4 6.7 6.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1.2 1.2 3.7a 4.9 0.9a 0.7
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 9.3 9.2 22.3 22.1 7.7 7.6
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 1.9 1.8 6.7 7.8 1.3 1.1
Marijuana 1.0 1.0 3.1 3.5 0.7 0.6
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.0 1.1 4.1 5.1 0.7 0.6
Alcohol 3.6 3.5 10.1 10.6 2.8 2.7
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.5 0.5 1.9a 2.7 0.4 0.3
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 5.0 4.9 14.9 15.7 3.7 3.5
80410
Table 6.6A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 5,847 5,758 2,146 2,332 3,702 3,426
18-25 2,579 2,592 887 954 1,692 1,638
26-49 2,727 2,636 1,078 1,117 1,649 1,519
50 or Older 541 530 180 262 361 268
MALE 3,868 3,952 1,074 1,315 2,794 2,636
18-25 1,600 1,719 398a 492 1,202 1,227
26-49 1,824 1,856 559 671 1,265 1,185
50 or Older 444 376 118 152 327 224
FEMALE 1,979 1,806 1,072 1,017 908 789
18-25 979 873 490 462 490 411
26-49 903 780 520 446 384 334
50 or Older 97 154 62 110 34 44
80410
Table 6.6B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 2.7 2.6 8.6 9.6 1.9 1.7
18-25 7.9 7.9 15.3 16.3 6.3 6.1
26-49 2.7 2.6 8.3 9.1 1.9 1.7
50 or Older 0.6 0.6 3.0 4.2 0.4 0.3
MALE 3.6 3.7 11.7a 14.9 2.9 2.7
18-25 9.7 10.4 18.4a 22.1 8.4 8.6
26-49 3.7 3.8 11.4 15.0 2.8 2.6
50 or Older 1.1 0.9 5.5 7.2 0.9 0.6
FEMALE 1.7 1.6 6.8 6.6 0.9 0.8
18-25 6.0 5.4 13.5 12.8 3.9 3.3
26-49 1.8 1.5 6.4 5.8 0.9 0.8
50 or Older 0.2 0.3 1.6 2.7 0.1 0.1
80410
Table 6.7A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 17,438 17,273 4,322 4,222 13,116 13,051
18-25 5,774 5,506 1,604 1,567 4,170 3,940
26-49 8,881 8,830 2,248 2,189 6,633 6,641
50 or Older 2,783 2,937 470 467 2,314 2,470
MALE 11,654 12,048 2,119 2,496 9,535 9,552
18-25 3,513 3,457 722 750 2,791 2,707
26-49 6,007 6,437 1,139 1,410 4,868 5,027
50 or Older 2,134 2,154 258 336 1,876 1,819
FEMALE 5,784 5,225 2,203b 1,727 3,581 3,498
18-25 2,261a 2,050 882 817 1,379 1,233
26-49 2,874a 2,393 1,109a 779 1,764 1,614
50 or Older 649 783 212 131 437 652
80410
Table 6.7B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.9 7.8 17.4 17.4 6.7 6.6
18-25 17.6 16.8 27.7 26.8 15.5 14.7
26-49 8.8 8.8 17.2 17.9 7.6 7.6
50 or Older 3.2 3.3 7.7 7.5 2.8 3.0
MALE 11.0 11.2 23.0a 28.3 9.8 9.7
18-25 21.3 21.0 33.4 33.7 19.5 19.0
26-49 12.1 13.0 23.1b 31.4 10.9 11.2
50 or Older 5.3 5.2 12.1 15.9 4.9 4.6
FEMALE 5.1a 4.5 14.0b 11.2 3.6 3.5
18-25 13.9a 12.6 24.4 22.6 10.9 9.8
26-49 5.7a 4.7 13.6a 10.1 4.1 3.8
50 or Older 1.4 1.6 5.4 3.2 1.0 1.5
80410
Table 6.8A – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 28,346 29,401 10,919 10,832 17,427 18,568
AGE            
18-25 3,514 3,365 1,723 1,712 1,790 1,653
26-49 14,020 14,242 5,895 5,761 8,126 8,480
50 or Older 10,812 11,794 3,301 3,359 7,511 8,435
GENDER            
Male 9,458 9,836 3,383 3,231 6,076 6,605
Female 18,888 19,565 7,536 7,601 11,352 11,963
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 26,320 27,241 10,128 9,939 16,192 17,302
White 23,279 24,647 8,818 8,876 14,461a 15,771
Black or African American 1,855 1,711 780 689 1,075 1,022
American Indian or Alaska Native 130 128 * * 63 53
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 58 * * * 35 *
Asian 519 370 * * 369 213
Two or More Races 480 359 * * 188 222
Hispanic or Latino 2,025 2,160 790 893 1,235 1,267
EDUCATION            
< High School 3,961 4,443 1,718 2,105 2,243 2,338
High School Graduate 8,136 8,482 3,365 3,316 4,771 5,166
Some College 7,693 7,777 3,386 2,977 4,307 4,800
College Graduate 8,557 8,698 2,449 2,435 6,107 6,264
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 13,875 13,087 4,946 4,365 8,929 8,721
Part-Time 3,850 4,367 1,481 1,721 2,369 2,647
Unemployed 1,052 1,012 564 493 487 520
Other2 9,569a 10,934 3,928 4,253 5,642a 6,681
80410
Table 6.8B – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 12.9 13.2 44.0 44.6 8.9 9.4
AGE            
18-25 10.8 10.3 30.0 29.4 6.7 6.2
26-49 14.0 14.3 45.4 47.2 9.3 9.7
50 or Older 12.4 13.2 54.5 53.8 9.3 10.1
GENDER            
Male 8.9 9.2 36.9 36.7 6.3 6.7
Female 16.6 17.0 48.2 49.2 11.6 12.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.8 14.2 46.7 46.8 9.5 10.1
White 15.2 16.0 50.8 50.9 10.7a 11.6
Black or African American 7.4 6.8 29.4 26.0 4.8 4.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.9 11.6 * * 7.7 5.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.0 * * * 4.8 *
Asian 5.6 3.9 * * 4.3 2.4
Two or More Races 21.6 15.6 * * 11.4 11.2
Hispanic or Latino 7.0 7.3 25.4 29.6 4.8 4.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 10.9 12.3 34.3 39.9 7.1 7.6
High School Graduate 11.8 12.5 41.8 42.9 7.8 8.6
Some College 14.0 13.6 47.5 45.2 9.0 9.5
College Graduate 14.4 14.4 53.0 52.0 11.1 11.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 11.4 10.8 40.2 37.9 8.2 8.0
Part-Time 13.4 14.8 39.4 45.3 9.5 10.3
Unemployed 15.0 14.3 37.5 33.5 8.9 9.3
Other2 15.2a 17.0 54.4 56.8 10.2 11.8
80410
Table 6.9A – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental
Health Treatment/
Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH
TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,919 10,832 961 1,238 6,760 6,616 9,679 9,423
AGE                
18-25 1,723 1,712 188 225 1,039 1,018 1,306 1,356
26-49 5,895 5,761 481 620 3,721 3,741 5,220 5,055
50 or Older 3,301 3,359 292 393 2,000 1,858 3,154 3,012
GENDER                
Male 3,383 3,231 463 544 2,214 1,825 2,913 2,826
Female 7,536 7,601 498 695 4,547 4,790 6,766 6,597
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,128 9,939 848 1,054 6,270 6,100 9,054 8,732
White 8,818 8,876 621 835 5,366 5,453 7,926 7,862
Black or African American 780 689 153 178 547 398 658 595
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 5 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * 7 90 * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 790 893 112 184 491 516 626 691
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,718 2,105 319 525 915 1,073 1,531 1,783
High School Graduate 3,365 3,316 321 348 1,950 1,874 3,023 2,931
Some College 3,386 2,977 198 240 2,147 1,936 3,036 2,656
College Graduate 2,449 2,435 122 125 1,748 1,732 2,089 2,052
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 4,946 4,365 137a 237 2,967 2,618 4,322 3,817
Part-Time 1,481 1,721 110 159 1,022 1,087 1,228 1,436
Unemployed 564 493 85 70 291 324 491 430
Other3 3,928 4,253 629 773 2,480 2,586 3,638 3,739
80410
Table 6.9B – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental
Health Treatment/
Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH
TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 44.0 44.6 3.9 5.1 27.2 27.3 39.0 38.8
AGE                
18-25 30.0 29.4 3.2 3.9 18.1 17.5 22.6 23.2
26-49 45.4 47.2 3.7 5.1 28.6 30.7 40.1 41.4
50 or Older 54.5 53.8 4.8 6.3 33.0 29.9 52.1 48.2
GENDER                
Male 36.9 36.7 5.0 6.2 24.1 20.7 31.7 32.0
Female 48.2 49.2 3.2 4.5 29.1 31.1 43.2 42.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 46.7 46.8 3.9 5.0 28.9 28.8 41.7 41.0
White 50.8 50.9 3.6 4.8 30.8 31.3 45.5 45.1
Black or African American 29.4 26.0 5.8 6.7 20.6 15.2 24.7 22.4
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 1.8 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * 1.1 12.4 * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 25.4 29.6 3.6 6.1 15.8 17.1 20.1 22.8
EDUCATION                
< High School 34.3 39.9 6.4 9.9 18.2 20.3 30.5 33.7
High School Graduate 41.8 42.9 4.0 4.5 24.2 24.4 37.5 37.9
Some College 47.5 45.2 2.8 3.6 30.2 29.4 42.6 40.3
College Graduate 53.0 52.0 2.6 2.7 37.7 37.0 45.1 43.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 40.2 37.9 1.1a 2.1 24.1 22.8 35.1 33.2
Part-Time 39.4 45.3 2.9 4.2 27.2 28.6 32.4 37.6
Unemployed 37.5 33.5 5.6 4.7 19.2 22.1 32.5 29.2
Other3 54.4 56.8 8.7 10.3 34.2 34.7 50.3 49.9
80702
Table 6.10A – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 48a 207 27 47 17 54 4 *
Outpatient 1,113 1,149 365 284 605 624 143 242
Prescription Medication 3,975 3,729 624 612 2,090 1,879 1,261 1,239
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 70 53 17 26 53 28 * *
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 113 233 24 33 60 81 30 119
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 4,854 4,665 543 589 2,713 2,628 1,598 1,448
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 721 745 112 119 351 457 259 168
80702
Table 6.10B – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 0.4a 1.9 1.6 2.7 0.3 0.9 0.1 *
Outpatient 10.2 10.7 21.3a 16.6 10.3 10.8 4.3 7.3
Prescription Medication 36.5 34.6 36.5 35.8 35.5 32.7 38.3 37.3
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.6 0.5 1.0 1.5 0.9 0.5 * *
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 1.0 2.2 1.4 1.9 1.0 1.4 0.9 3.6
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 44.6 43.3 31.7 34.5 46.1 45.7 48.5 43.6
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 6.6 6.9 6.5 7.0 6.0 7.9 7.9 5.1
80410
Table 6.11A – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 2,060 1,880 265 265 1,193 1,174 602 442
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic 3,365 3,446 596 626 1,880 1,978 889 841
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 1,616 1,517 146 154 904 779 566 584
Outpatient Medical Clinic 510 596 70 57 250 354 190 185
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 79 168 21 24 39 85 19 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 50 29 43 29 7 * * *
Some Other Place3 146 118 28 17 58 54 * 47
80410
Table 6.11B – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 30.6 28.5 25.6 26.0 32.2 31.5 30.1 23.8
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic 49.9 52.2 57.6 61.6 50.7 53.1 44.5 45.3
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 24.0 23.0 14.1 15.2 24.4 20.9 28.3 31.4
Outpatient Medical Clinic 7.6 9.0 6.8 5.6 6.7 9.5 9.5 10.0
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.2 2.5 2.0 2.4 1.1 2.3 0.9 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.7 0.4 4.2 2.8 0.2 * * *
Some Other Place3 2.2 1.8 2.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 * 2.5
80429
Table 6.12A – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older With Serious Psychological Distress and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS/Illicit
Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health Treatment or Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3 Mental Health Treatment Only2 Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility Only3 Mental Health Treatment and Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
4 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
EITHER SPD OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 13,578 13,881 11,858 12,183 801 707 912 980
SPD4 11,183 11,116 10,264 10,125 264 284 654 708
SPD but not Dependence/Abuse4,5 8,365 8,625 8,067 8,343 111 132 187 150
Dependence/Abuse5 5,212 5,256 3,790 3,840 690 575 724 829
Dependence/Abuse but not SPD4,5 2,395 2,765 1,593a 2,058 537 424 257 272
Both SPD and Dependence/Abuse4,5 2,817 2,491 2,197 1,782 154 152 467 557
NEITHER SPD NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 15,983 16,653 15,347 16,089 406 415 230 149
80429
Table 6.12B – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older With Serious Psychological Distress and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS/Illicit
Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health Treatment or Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3 Mental Health Treatment Only2 Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility Only3 Mental Health Treatment and Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
4 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
EITHER SPD OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 34.1 35.4 29.8 31.1 2.0 1.8 2.3 2.5
SPD4 45.1 45.8 41.4 41.7 1.1 1.2 2.6 2.9
SPD but not Dependence/Abuse4,5 43.5 45.6 41.9 44.1 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.8
Dependence/Abuse5 25.4 25.9 18.5 18.9 3.4 2.8 3.5 4.1
Dependence/Abuse but not SPD4,5 16.0 18.5 10.6a 13.8 3.6 2.8 1.7 1.8
Both SPD and Dependence/Abuse4,5 50.8 46.5 39.6a 33.3 2.8 2.8 8.4 10.4
NEITHER SPD NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 8.9 9.1 8.5 8.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
80429
Table 6.13A – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental
Health Treatment/
Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 28,346 29,401 1,591a 2,126 14,673 15,344 23,920 24,730
AGE                
18-25 3,514 3,365 342 358 1,903 1,823 2,601 2,586
26-49 14,020 14,242 777a 1,119 7,559 7,941 11,724 11,715
50 or Older 10,812 11,794 472 650 5,212 5,581 9,595 10,429
GENDER                
Male 9,458 9,836 801 1,066 5,083 5,049 7,686 8,000
Female 18,888 19,565 790 1,060 9,590 10,295 16,233 16,730
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 26,320 27,241 1,388a 1,838 13,480 14,181 22,486 23,073
White 23,279 24,647 947a 1,397 11,631 12,638 20,214 21,169
Black or African American 1,855 1,711 301 309 1,119 1,045 1,405 1,280
American Indian or Alaska Native 130 128 9 18 71 43 120 112
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 58 * 5 * * 7 48 9
Asian 519 370 70 53 308 230 273 226
Two or More Races 480 359 57 44 322 219 427 278
Hispanic or Latino 2,025 2,160 203 288 1,193 1,164 1,434 1,657
EDUCATION                
< High School 3,961 4,443 550 790 1,807 2,085 3,242 3,593
High School Graduate 8,136 8,482 521 665 3,700 3,918 7,123 7,405
Some College 7,693 7,777 334 457 4,116 4,011 6,721 6,772
College Graduate 8,557 8,698 187 214 5,050 5,331 6,833 6,960
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 13,875 13,087 338a 506 7,041 6,804 11,462 10,667
Part-Time 3,850 4,367 153a 302 2,166 2,370 3,186 3,669
Unemployed 1,052 1,012 122 105 552 584 898 873
Other3 9,569a 10,934 979 1,213 4,914 5,586 8,374a 9,521
80429
Table 6.13B – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental
Health Treatment/
Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 12.9 13.2 0.7a 1.0 6.7 6.9 10.9 11.1
AGE                
18-25 10.8 10.3 1.0 1.1 5.8 5.6 8.0 7.9
26-49 14.0 14.3 0.8a 1.1 7.5 8.0 11.7 11.7
50 or Older 12.4 13.2 0.5 0.7 6.0 6.2 11.0 11.6
GENDER                
Male 8.9 9.2 0.8 1.0 4.8 4.7 7.2 7.5
Female 16.6 17.0 0.7 0.9 8.4 9.0 14.2 14.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.8 14.2 0.7a 1.0 7.0 7.4 11.7 12.0
White 15.2 16.0 0.6a 0.9 7.6 8.2 13.2 13.8
Black or African American 7.4 6.8 1.2 1.2 4.5 4.1 5.6 5.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.9 11.6 0.8 1.6 6.4 3.9 10.9 10.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.0 * 0.6 * * 1.1 5.8 1.4
Asian 5.6 3.9 0.8 0.6 3.4 2.4 3.0 2.4
Two or More Races 21.6 15.6 2.6 1.9 14.5 9.5 19.2 12.1
Hispanic or Latino 7.0 7.3 0.7 1.0 4.2 3.9 5.0 5.6
EDUCATION                
< High School 10.9 12.3 1.5 2.2 5.0 5.8 8.9 9.9
High School Graduate 11.8 12.5 0.8 1.0 5.4 5.8 10.3 10.9
Some College 14.0 13.6 0.6 0.8 7.5 7.0 12.2 11.8
College Graduate 14.4 14.4 0.3 0.4 8.5 8.8 11.5 11.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 11.4 10.8 0.3a 0.4 5.8 5.6 9.4 8.8
Part-Time 13.4 14.8 0.5a 1.0 7.5 8.0 11.0 12.4
Unemployed 15.0 14.3 1.7 1.5 7.9 8.3 12.8 12.3
Other3 15.2a 17.0 1.6 1.9 7.8 8.7 13.3 14.8
120417
Table 6.14A (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 28,405 29,556 1,596a 2,145 14,712 15,433 23,967 24,864
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 5,540 6,174 319 468 3,444 3,668 4,498 5,101
Midwest 6,755 6,738 281 383 3,159 3,397 5,967 5,771
South 9,934 10,394 596 831 4,769 4,953 8,737 8,861
West 6,177 6,249 400 462 3,341 3,414 4,764 5,132
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 14,546 14,624 824 962 8,126 8,144 11,801 11,969
Small Metro 8,494a 9,570 377a 659 4,239 4,882 7,298a 8,255
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5,517 6,154 277 363 2,926 3,143 4,741 5,298
< 250K Pop. 2,977 3,416 100a 297 1,313a 1,738 2,557 2,957
Nonmetro 5,365 5,361 395 523 2,347 2,407 4,868 4,640
Urbanized 2,166 2,334 154 225 1,017 1,065 1,981 2,009
Less Urbanized 2,641 2,603 164 248 1,081 1,147 2,382 2,239
Completely Rural 557 425 77 50 248 195 504 392
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 6,139a 6,970 803 1,064 3,475 3,981 4,989a 5,704
$20,000 - $49,999 9,050 8,884 447 659 4,303 4,350 7,959 7,616
$50,000 - $74,999 4,792 5,226 173 181 2,266 2,628 4,205 4,495
$75,000 or More 8,425 8,476 172 241 4,669 4,474 6,814 7,049
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 5,773a 6,665 727 974 3,189 3,660 5,104 5,730
No 22,632 22,891 869 1,170 11,523 11,773 18,863 19,134
120417
Table 6.14B (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 12.9 13.3 0.7a 1.0 6.7 7.0 10.9 11.2
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 13.4 15.0 0.8 1.1 8.4 8.9 10.9 12.3
Midwest 13.8 13.7 0.6 0.8 6.5 6.9 12.2 11.7
South 12.5 12.9 0.7 1.0 6.0 6.1 11.0 11.0
West 12.3 12.2 0.8 0.9 6.6 6.7 9.5 10.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12.2 12.3 0.7 0.8 6.8 6.9 9.9 10.1
Small Metro 13.5 14.4 0.6a 1.0 6.7 7.3 11.6 12.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 13.4 13.8 0.7 0.8 7.1 7.1 11.5 11.9
< 250K Pop. 13.7 15.5 0.5a 1.3 6.1a 7.9 11.8 13.4
Nonmetro 14.1 14.6 1.0 1.4 6.2 6.5 12.8 12.6
Urbanized 14.8 15.5 1.0 1.5 6.9 7.1 13.5 13.3
Less Urbanized 13.8 14.8 0.9 1.4 5.7 6.5 12.4 12.7
Completely Rural 13.5 10.2 1.9 1.2 6.1 4.7 12.2 9.4
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 14.5b 17.2 1.9 2.6 8.2a 9.8 11.8b 14.0
$20,000 - $49,999 11.9 12.1 0.6a 0.9 5.6 5.9 10.4 10.4
$50,000 - $74,999 12.5 12.9 0.4 0.4 5.9 6.5 10.9 11.1
$75,000 or More 13.4 12.6 0.3 0.4 7.4 6.6 10.8 10.5
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 17.8a 20.8 2.2 3.0 9.8 11.4 15.7a 17.9
No 12.1 12.1 0.5 0.6 6.1 6.2 10.0 10.1
80702
Table 6.15A – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 217b 556 76 99 80b 249 60 209
Outpatient 3,977 3,907 783a 626 2,105 2,183 1,088 1,098
Prescription Medication 13,100 13,049 1,464 1,383 6,206 5,851 5,429 5,815
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 122 153 39 47 64 65 19 42
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 222 326 44 47 125 127 53 151
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 9,593 10,207 906 987 4,924 5,043 3,762 4,177
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 941 1,049 167 159 462 641 311 248
80702
Table 6.15B – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 0.8b 1.9 2.2 3.0 0.6b 1.8 0.6 1.8
Outpatient 14.1 13.4 22.5a 18.7 15.1 15.4 10.1 9.4
Prescription Medication 46.5 44.6 42.1 41.3 44.4 41.3 50.6 49.5
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.4 0.5 1.1 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.3
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 34.1 34.9 26.0a 29.5 35.3 35.6 35.1 35.6
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 3.3 3.6 4.8 4.8 3.3 4.5 2.9 2.1
80429
Table 6.16A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 20,570 20,373 4,514 4,669 15,999 15,621
Illicit Drugs4 5,847 5,758 1,784 1,804 4,036 3,925
Alcohol 17,438 17,273 3,513 3,614 13,880 13,584
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugsor Alcohol4 10,958 10,800 2,999 2,991 7,909 7,751
Illicit Drugs4 4,201 4,107 1,370 1,363 2,816 2,719
Alcohol 7,933 7,897 2,032 2,006 5,864 5,842
80429
Table 6.16B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 9.3 9.2 15.9 15.9 8.3 8.1
Illicit Drugs4 2.7 2.6 6.3 6.1 2.1 2.0
Alcohol 7.9 7.8 12.4 12.3 7.2 7.1
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugsor Alcohol4 5.0 4.9 10.6 10.2 4.1 4.0
Illicit Drugs4 1.9 1.8 4.8 4.6 1.5 1.4
Alcohol 3.6 3.5 7.2 6.8 3.1 3.0
80429
Table 6.17A – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,326 3,128 451 394 1,792 1,805 1,082 929
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic 7,775 8,380 1,054 1,080 4,314 4,553 2,406 2,747
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 3,287 3,281 263 278 1,615 1,547 1,408 1,456
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,157 1,370 121 115 489 654 547 600
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 189 348 50 42 64 159 76 148
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 87 65 75 54 12 11 * *
Some Other Place3 257 326 34 31 98 106 125 189
80429
Table 6.17B – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 22.8 20.5 24.0 21.9 23.8 22.8 20.9 16.7
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic 53.3 54.8 56.1 59.9 57.2 57.5 46.5 49.4
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 22.5 21.5 14.0 15.4 21.4 19.5 27.2 26.2
Outpatient Medical Clinic 7.9 9.0 6.4 6.4 6.5 8.3 10.6 10.8
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.3 2.3 2.7 2.3 0.8 2.0 1.5 2.7
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.6 0.4 4.0 3.0 0.2 0.1 * *
Some Other Place3 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.3 2.4 3.4
80429
Table 6.18A – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 5,448 5,507 724 686 3,057 3,218 1,668 1,603
Family Member Not Living in Household 281 338 153 117 86 110 42 111
Private Health Insurance 6,093 6,222 535 577 3,146 3,239 2,412 2,406
Medicare 1,731 2,148 136 95 447a 641 1,149 1,412
Medicaid 1,236 1,455 144 188 741 873 352 394
Rehabilitation Program 51 98 2 14 27 47 * 37
Employer 1,201 1,185 72 85 841 768 288 333
VA or Other Military Program 826 872 26 49 225 195 575 628
Other Public Source 453 528 85 61 251 307 117 160
Other Private Source 234 169 26 42 120 77 88 49
Free Treatment 738 596 270 227 377a 215 91 154
80429
Table 6.18B – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 37.6 36.3 38.8 38.3 40.9 40.9 32.5 29.0
Family Member Not Living in Household 1.9 2.2 8.2 6.5 1.1 1.4 0.8 2.0
Private Health Insurance 42.1 41.0 28.7 32.2 42.0 41.2 47.0 43.6
Medicare 11.9 14.2 7.3 5.3 6.0 8.2 22.4 25.6
Medicaid 8.5 9.6 7.7a 10.5 9.9 11.1 6.8 7.1
Rehabilitation Program 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.8 0.4 0.6 * 0.7
Employer 8.3 7.8 3.9 4.7 11.2 9.8 5.6 6.0
VA or Other Military Program 5.7 5.7 1.4 2.7 3.0 2.5 11.2 11.4
Other Public Source 3.1 3.5 4.6 3.4 3.4 3.9 2.3 2.9
Other Private Source 1.6 1.1 1.4 2.4 1.6 1.0 1.7 0.9
Free Treatment 5.1 3.9 14.5 12.7 5.0a 2.7 1.8 2.8
80429
Table 6.19A – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,481 10,921 5,621 5,486 4,827 5,392
AGE            
18-25 2,433 2,465 1,026 943 1,400 1,518
26-49 5,825 6,415 3,164 3,374 2,636 3,020
50 or Older 2,223 2,040 1,431 1,169 791 854
GENDER            
Male 3,474 3,403 1,717 1,726 1,748 1,667
Female 7,007 7,518 3,904 3,760 3,079b 3,725
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,436 9,711 5,151 5,033 4,260 4,637
White 7,750 8,184 4,262 4,403 3,466 3,748
Black or African American 1,069 1,054 529 419 537 624
Other or Two or More Races 617 474 * 210 257 264
Hispanic or Latino 1,045 1,209 470 453 567 755
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,667 1,946 898 1,063 758 883
High School Graduate 2,852 2,875 1,630 1,515 1,220 1,344
Some College 3,371 3,273 1,796 1,576 1,572 1,692
College Graduate 2,591 2,828 1,297 1,331 1,277 1,474
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,360 5,423 2,662 2,507 2,687 2,896
Part-Time 1,675 1,874 912 896 752a 968
Unemployed 591 566 271 237 315 330
Other3 2,854 3,057 1,776 1,846 1,073 1,198
80429
Table 6.19B – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.8 4.9 19.9 18.7 2.5 2.8
AGE            
18-25 7.5 7.6 29.2 28.2 4.8 5.2
26-49 5.8 6.4 22.6 23.8 3.1 3.5
50 or Older 2.5 2.3 13.3 10.0 1.0 1.1
GENDER            
Male 3.3 3.2 18.2 17.6 1.8 1.7
Female 6.2 6.5 20.7 19.3 3.2b 3.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.9 5.0 19.6 18.5 2.6 2.8
White 5.1 5.3 18.3 17.9 2.7 2.9
Black or African American 4.3 4.2 28.8 24.5 2.3 2.6
Other or Two or More Races 4.6 3.5 * 23.9 2.1 2.1
Hispanic or Latino 3.6 4.1 23.5 21.8 2.1 2.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 4.6 5.4 22.8 24.4 2.3 2.8
High School Graduate 4.1 4.2 20.1 17.9 2.0 2.3
Some College 6.1 5.7 23.4 20.3 3.3 3.4
College Graduate 4.4 4.7 15.2 15.3 2.5 2.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.4 4.5 19.2 19.2 2.5 2.7
Part-Time 5.8 6.4 23.7 20.5 3.0a 3.9
Unemployed 8.4 8.0 25.9 23.5 5.3 5.4
Other3 4.5 4.8 18.6 17.1 2.0 2.2
120417
Table 6.20A (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,498 10,974 5,636 5,536 4,830 5,395
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 2,049 1,871 1,090 970 957 895
Midwest 2,534 2,509 1,261 1,293 1,256 1,205
South 3,749 3,971 2,033 1,957 1,705 1,991
West 2,167 2,622 1,251 1,317 911a 1,304
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 5,227 5,679 2,760 2,702 2,449a 2,953
Small Metro 3,191 3,553 1,765 1,922 1,418 1,620
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2,129 2,336 1,155 1,157 970 1,170
< 250K Pop. 1,063 1,217 609 765 448 450
Nonmetro 2,080 1,742 1,110 912 963 822
Urbanized 778 787 380 440 398 347
Less Urbanized 1,044a 768 620a 389 418 370
Completely Rural 258 188 * * 147 105
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 2,987 2,912 1,636 1,669 1,338 1,224
$20,000 - $49,999 3,655 3,559 1,990 1,752 1,650 1,806
$50,000 - $74,999 1,334b 1,932 675a 998 657a 934
$75,000 or More 2,523 2,571 1,335 1,118 1,185 1,431
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 2,584 2,936 1,450 1,711 1,125 1,215
No 7,915 8,038 4,186 3,825 3,705 4,180
120417
Table 6.20B (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.8 4.9 19.9 18.8 2.5 2.8
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 5.0 4.5 19.8 15.7 2.7 2.6
Midwest 5.2 5.1 18.7 19.2 3.0 2.8
South 4.7 4.9 20.5 18.9 2.5 2.8
West 4.3 5.1 20.3 21.3 2.1a 2.9
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.4 4.8 19.1 18.6 2.3a 2.8
Small Metro 5.1 5.3 20.8 20.1 2.6 2.8
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.2 5.3 21.0 18.8 2.7 3.1
< 250K Pop. 4.9 5.5 20.5 22.4 2.4 2.4
Nonmetro 5.5 4.7 20.8 17.2 3.0 2.6
Urbanized 5.3 5.2 17.6 18.9 3.2 2.7
Less Urbanized 5.4 4.4 23.5b 15.2 2.5 2.5
Completely Rural 6.2 4.5 * * 4.1 2.8
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 7.1 7.2 26.8 24.1 3.7 3.6
$20,000 - $49,999 4.8 4.9 22.0 19.9 2.5 2.8
$50,000 - $74,999 3.5b 4.8 14.1 19.1 2.0 2.6
$75,000 or More 4.0 3.8 15.9 13.2 2.2 2.4
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 8.0 9.2 25.3 26.1 4.2 4.8
No 4.2 4.2 18.5 16.7 2.2 2.5
80429
Table 6.21A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL POPULATION 10,481 10,921 5,621 5,486 4,827 5,392
Could Not Afford Cost 4,289 4,860 2,271 2,537 2,000 2,312
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 1,044 832 534a 362 505 463
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 909 811 435 352 469 459
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Treatment/Counseling 600 699 340 294 254 404
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health Treatment/Counseling 1,043 1,293 653 684 390a 606
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,465 1,593 695 620 769 969
Concerned about Confidentiality 904 1,065 485 464 419 594
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 965 1,070 524 703 441 357
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 894 901 462 381 432 515
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 2,943 2,801 1,298 1,219 1,637 1,571
Treatment Would Not Help 853 1,061 400 564 447 496
Did Not Have Time 1,603 1,679 773 769 823 892
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 755 714 311 287 438 421
No Transportation/Inconvenient 309 282 246 185 58 97
Some Other Reason4 722 777 415 367 301 410
80429
Table 6.21B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Could Not Afford Cost 41.2 44.9 40.8 46.9 41.5 43.2
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 10.0a 7.7 9.6 6.7 10.5 8.7
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 8.7 7.5 7.8 6.5 9.8 8.6
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Treatment/Counseling 5.8 6.5 6.1 5.4 5.3 7.6
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health Treatment/Counseling 10.0 12.0 11.7 12.6 8.1 11.3
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 14.1 14.7 12.5 11.4 16.0 18.1
Concerned about Confidentiality 8.7 9.8 8.7 8.6 8.7 11.1
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 9.3 9.9 9.4 13.0 9.2 6.7
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 8.6 8.3 8.3 7.0 9.0 9.6
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 28.3 25.9 23.3 22.5 34.0 29.3
Treatment Would Not Help 8.2 9.8 7.2 10.4 9.3 9.3
Did Not Have Time 15.4 15.5 13.9 14.2 17.1 16.7
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 7.2 6.6 5.6 5.3 9.1 7.9
No Transportation/Inconvenient 3.0 2.6 4.4 3.4 1.2 1.8
Some Other Reason4 6.9 7.2 7.4 6.8 6.3 7.7
80507
Table 6.22A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 3,295 3,113 969 939 1,176 1,082 1,150 1,093
Outpatient 2,934 2,781 856 827 1,051 959 1,027 995
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 2,418 2,362 694 677 857 812 866 873
Mental Health Clinic or Center 589 579 143 169 223 199 223 211
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 473 416 143 152 157 125 174 140
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 717 703 217 215 255 264 245 224
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 670 628 177 191 261 235 232 202
Hospital 517 510 136 159 205 181 176 170
Residential Treatment Center 225 199 54 53 86 79 85 67
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 129 112 37 31 37 44 55 37
EDUCATION2 2,991 2,862 994 967 1,067 1,009 930 885
School Counselor, School Psychologist or Regular Meetings with a Teacher 2,461 2,428 798 862 889 816 774 750
Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or Placement in a Special Classroom, Special Program or Special School 978b 811 343a 257 330 311 305 243
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 694 692 208 200 236 237 250 254
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3 1,342 1,278 426 406 466 441 450 431
80507
Table 6.22B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 13.1 12.5 12.3 11.8 13.5 12.8 13.6 12.8
Outpatient 11.7 11.1 10.8 10.4 12.0 11.4 12.1 11.6
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 9.6 9.4 8.8 8.4 9.8 9.6 10.2 10.2
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.3 2.3 1.8 2.1 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.5 2.1 1.6
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.6
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 2.7 2.5 2.2 2.4 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.4
Hospital 2.0 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4
EDUCATION2 11.9 11.5 12.7 12.2 12.2 12.0 11.0 10.4
School Counselor, School Psychologist or Regular Meetings with a Teacher 9.8 9.7 10.2 10.8 10.2 9.7 9.1 8.8
Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or Placement in a Special Classroom, Special Program or Special School 3.9b 3.3 4.4b 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 2.8
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3 5.3 5.1 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.0
80507
Table 6.23A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,295 3,113 2,934 2,781 670 628 2,991 2,862 694 692 1,342 1,278
GENDER                        
Male 1,508a 1,362 1,297a 1,155 352 331 1,385a 1,250 317 299 563 517
Female 1,787 1,751 1,637 1,627 318 297 1,606 1,612 378 393 779 761
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 969 939 856 827 177 191 994 967 208 200 426 406
14-15 1,176 1,082 1,051 959 261 235 1,067 1,009 236 237 466 441
16-17 1,150 1,093 1,027 995 232 202 930 885 250 254 450 431
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,770 2,650 2,485 2,381 563 529 2,490 2,370 595 617 1,141 1,095
White 2,117 2,006 1,958 1,856 347 339 1,721 1,621 469 500 874 806
Black or African American 466 487 370 385 145 155 575 581 90 70 184 209
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 * 15 * 6 3 18 * 2 * 6 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 75 58 63 49 31 17 86 62 9 18 31 27
Two or More Races 88a 57 77 52 28 10 78 62 22 8 46 30
Hispanic or Latino 525 463 449 401 106 99 500 491 99 74 201 183
80507
Table 6.23B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 13.1 12.5 11.7 11.1 2.7 2.5 11.9 11.5 2.8 2.8 5.3 5.1
GENDER                        
Male 11.8 10.7 10.1 9.1 2.7 2.6 10.8 9.9 2.5 2.3 4.4 4.1
Female 14.5 14.3 13.3 13.3 2.6 2.4 13.1 13.2 3.1 3.2 6.3 6.2
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 12.3 11.8 10.8 10.4 2.2 2.4 12.7 12.2 2.6 2.5 5.4 5.1
14-15 13.5 12.8 12.0 11.4 3.0 2.8 12.2 12.0 2.7 2.8 5.3 5.2
16-17 13.6 12.8 12.1 11.6 2.7 2.4 11.0 10.4 3.0 3.0 5.3 5.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.4 13.0 12.1 11.7 2.7 2.6 12.1 11.7 2.9 3.0 5.5 5.4
White 14.0 13.4 13.0 12.4 2.3 2.3 11.4 10.9 3.1 3.3 5.8 5.4
Black or African American 12.2 12.8 9.6 10.2 3.8 4.1 15.0 15.4 2.3 1.9 4.8 5.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.2 * 11.0 * 4.5 2.1 13.7 * 1.2 * 4.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 7.3 5.8 6.1 4.9 3.0 1.7 8.4 6.1 0.9 1.8 3.0 2.7
Two or More Races 21.6a 13.6 18.9 12.6 6.8 2.5 19.0 14.9 5.3 1.9 11.3 7.2
Hispanic or Latino 11.6 10.1 10.0 8.7 2.3 2.2 11.2 10.8 2.2 1.6 4.5 4.0
120417
Table 6.24A (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,291 3,121 2,931 2,787 669 630 2,991 2,867 694 692 1,341 1,279
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 661 634 587 571 146a 99 644 576 128 117 288 279
Midwest 714 774 642 705 151 166 683 652 160 165 307 339
South 1,194b 1,023 1,051b 897 257 231 1,002 954 257 267 471 409
West 722 689 651 613 115 134 663 685 149 142 276 253
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 1,776 1,659 1,572 1,483 355 321 1,676 1,544 361 325 742 670
Small Metro 1,008 967 907 870 200 187 882 877 216 233 401 391
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 681 659 611 598 139 123 615 583 152 141 281 246
< 250K Pop. 327 308 296 272 61 64 267 294 64 92 119 146
Nonmetro 507 494 452 435 113 122 432 446 117 134 198 218
Urbanized 203 195 179 176 39 39 177 203 42 51 83 88
Less Urbanized 237 241 217 208 57 73 207 207 65 60 89 100
Completely Rural 66 58 56 51 17 10 49 37 11 23 26 30
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 582 628 484 515 190 200 604 632 115 116 228 267
$20,000 - $49,999 1,118a 994 965 875 262 222 1,154b 969 223 197 502 438
$50,000 - $74,999 591 560 537 510 110 96 493 484 101 115 207 213
$75,000 or More 1,000 938 945 887 107 112 740 783 255 263 404 361
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 848 785 702 644 253 239 845 758 151 147 353 346
No 2,443 2,336 2,229 2,143 416 391 2,146 2,109 544 545 988 934
120417
Table 6.24B (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 13.1 12.5 11.7 11.2 2.7 2.5 11.9 11.5 2.8 2.8 5.3 5.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 14.8 14.3 13.1 12.9 3.3 2.2 14.5 13.1 2.9 2.7 6.4 6.3
Midwest 12.7 13.9 11.4 12.7 2.7 3.0 12.2 11.8 2.8 3.0 5.5 6.1
South 13.2b 11.3 11.6b 9.9 2.8 2.5 11.1 10.6 2.8 3.0 5.2 4.5
West 12.1 11.6 10.9 10.3 1.9 2.2 11.1 11.6 2.5 2.4 4.6 4.2
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 13.1 12.3 11.6 11.0 2.6 2.4 12.4 11.4 2.7 2.4 5.5 4.9
Small Metro 13.5 13.2 12.1 11.9 2.7 2.6 11.8 12.1 2.9 3.2 5.4 5.3
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 13.6 13.4 12.2 12.1 2.8 2.5 12.3 11.9 3.0 2.9 5.6 5.0
< 250K Pop. 13.4 13.0 12.0 11.4 2.5 2.7 10.9 12.4 2.6a 3.9 4.9 6.1
Nonmetro 12.4 12.0 11.1 10.5 2.8 2.9 10.6 10.9 2.9 3.2 4.9 5.3
Urbanized 12.3 11.4 10.8 10.3 2.4 2.3 10.8 11.9 2.5 3.0 5.0 5.2
Less Urbanized 12.1 12.1 11.1 10.4 2.9 3.6 10.5 10.5 3.3 3.0 4.6 5.0
Completely Rural 14.3 13.8 12.0 12.0 3.5 2.4 10.5 8.7 2.3 5.4 5.6 7.2
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 13.7 14.8 11.4 12.1 4.5 4.7 14.3 15.0 2.7 2.7 5.4 6.3
$20,000 - $49,999 13.7 13.1 11.8 11.5 3.2 2.9 14.2 12.8 2.7 2.6 6.1 5.8
$50,000 - $74,999 12.5 12.4 11.4 11.3 2.3 2.1 10.5 10.7 2.1 2.5 4.4 4.7
$75,000 or More 12.5a 10.9 11.8a 10.3 1.3 1.3 9.2 9.1 3.2 3.1 5.0a 4.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 17.4 16.0 14.4 13.1 5.2 4.9 17.3 15.6 3.1 3.0 7.2 7.1
No 12.1 11.7 11.0 10.7 2.0 1.9 10.6 10.5 2.7 2.7 4.9 4.6
80702
Table 6.25A – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Reason for Mental Health Care1 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
4 Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Reasons for Mental Health Care only pertain to treatment or counseling from a school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 The Total row represents all youths who received treatment regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment or counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment or counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment or Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES7 3,295 3,113 2,934 2,781 670 628 2,991 2,862 694 692 1,342 1,278
Thought about Killing
Self or Tried to Kill Self
600 543 516 470 186 189 214 209 63 61 140 156
Felt Depressed 1,443 1,356 1,366 1,291 208 188 853 856 230 235 464 461
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 536 479 497 433 76 75 359 356 89 65 170 136
Eating Problems 277 257 262 234 33 39 140 127 90 77 94 77
Other Diagnosed Mental/ Neurological Disorder8 78 61 75 52 3 9 8 5 26 16 9 4
Breaking Rules
or "Acting Out"
729 672 675 627 126 104 633a 530 93 94 221 206
Trouble Controlling Anger 464 448 435 424 46 52 265 246 52 43 96 71
Got into Physical Fights 168 143 150 128 30 22 139 139 13 13 34 33
Problems at Home/Family 839 771 791 738 71 63 373 384 59 54 130 146
Problems with Friends 349 322 338 305 17 22 423 447 28 18 78 83
Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 252 237 226 222 34 25 254 276 23 32 51 57
Problems at School 527 459 483 431 57 41 572 533 67 70 129 118
Some Other Reason9 293 284 262 255 32 40 171 159 66 74 49 48
80702
Table 6.25B – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Reason for Mental Health Care1 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment or counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment or counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care.
4 Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment or counseling from a (1) school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher; or (2) special education services while in a regular or special classroom or placement in a special program or school. Reasons for Mental Health Care only pertain to treatment or counseling from a school counselor, school psychologist, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment or counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 The Total row represents all youths who received treatment regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment or counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment or counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment or Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES7 13.1 12.5 11.7 11.1 2.7 2.5 11.9 11.5 2.8 2.8 5.3 5.1
Thought about Killing
Self or Tried to Kill Self
21.1 20.2 19.5 18.5 40.0 44.9 9.3 9.3 11.2 11.6 12.1 13.7
Felt Depressed 50.3 50.0 51.2 50.4 44.8 44.8 36.8 38.0 40.9 44.3 40.6 40.9
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 18.9 17.9 18.8 17.1 16.6 17.9 15.5 15.8 15.8 12.2 14.8 12.0
Eating Problems 9.9 9.7 9.9 9.3 7.1 9.2 6.0 5.7 15.9 14.5 8.1 6.7
Other Diagnosed Mental/ Neurological Disorder8 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.1 0.7 2.1 0.3 0.2 4.6 3.0 0.8 0.3
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 25.7 25.1 25.5 24.7 27.4 24.8 27.3a 23.5 16.5 17.7 19.2 18.0
Trouble Controlling Anger 16.4 16.8 16.4 16.7 10.1 12.5 11.4 10.9 9.2 8.2 8.4 6.2
Got into Physical Fights 6.0 5.4 5.7 5.1 6.5 5.2 6.0 6.2 2.4 2.4 2.9 2.9
Problems at Home/Family 29.6 28.8 29.9 29.0 15.3 14.9 16.1 17.0 10.5 10.2 11.3 13.0
Problems with Friends 12.4 12.1 12.8 12.1 3.7 5.3 18.3 19.8 5.0 3.4 6.8 7.3
Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 8.9 8.9 8.6 8.8 7.4 6.0 11.0 12.2 4.1 6.0 4.5 5.0
Problems at School 18.6 17.2 18.2 17.0 12.3 9.7 24.7 23.6 12.0 13.2 11.3 10.4
Some Other Reason9 10.4 10.7 10.0 10.1 7.0 9.6 7.4 7.1 11.7 14.0 4.3 4.2
80507
Table 6.26A – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source of Specialty Mental Health Service1 NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Specialty Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Specialty Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 650 612 412 427 746 694 672 590 399 382
Outpatient 490 484 393 427 710 666 648 563 338 316
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 476 543 357 332 670 645 477 443 220 184
Mental Health Clinic or Center 168 142 49a 79 151 145 134 120 39 50
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 153 118 65 77 78 80 84 69 22 26
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 195 198 105 106 178 175 112 101 42 51
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 258 214 76 63 108 97 86 76 62 78
Hospital 268 256 54 33 75 63 60 71 15 28
Residential Treatment Center 69 63 33 22 34 21 55 39 20a 39
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home * * * * 17 * 10 * 20 *
80507
Table 6.26B – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source of Specialty Mental Health Service1 NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Specialty Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Specialty Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 22.6 22.6 14.3 15.8 25.9 25.7 23.4 21.8 13.8 14.1
Outpatient 19.0 19.7 15.2 17.4 27.5 27.1 25.1 22.9 13.1 12.9
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 21.6a 25.3 16.2 15.5 30.5 30.1 21.7 20.6 10.0 8.5
Mental Health Clinic or Center 31.0 26.5 9.1a 14.8 27.9 27.1 24.8 22.3 7.3 9.3
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 38.1 31.9 16.2 20.8 19.5 21.6 20.8 18.7 5.5 7.0
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 30.9 31.4 16.6 16.8 28.1 27.8 17.7 16.0 6.6 8.1
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 43.7 40.4 12.9 12.0 18.4 18.4 14.6 14.4 10.5 14.8
Hospital 56.8 56.8 11.4 7.3 16.0 13.9 12.7 15.6 3.1 6.3
Residential Treatment Center 32.5 34.4 15.7 12.1 16.3 11.5 26.2 21.1 9.2b 20.9
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home * * * * 14.2 * 8.2 * 17.1 *
80703
Table 6.27A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Category Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,969 2,016 1,359 1,369 762 781 628 600
12 149 109 71 70 * 45 * *
13 234 228 140 130 77 92 55 54
14 292 274 233 193 102 84 89 71
15 393 432 286 308 163 176 144 147
16 473 519 349 348 209 201 177 154
17 428 454 280 320 156 182 126 144
MALE 540 582 337 383 190 213 134 153
12 54 38 23 22 * * * *
13 71 56 39 34 * * * *
14 72 63 50 43 * * * *
15 88a 133 59a 98 * * * *
16 108 154 74 98 * * * *
17 146 138 92 89 45 41 * *
FEMALE 1,429 1,433 1,022 986 572 568 494 447
12 95 71 48 48 * * * *
13 163 172 101 96 53 66 * *
14 220 211 182 150 79 67 73 62
15 304 299 227 211 135 127 125 104
16 365 366 276 251 169 141 147 111
17 282 315 188 231 110 141 89 117
80703
Table 6.27B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Category Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.9 8.2 5.5 5.5 38.9 38.9 46.6 43.9
12 4.0a 2.8 1.9 1.8 * 43.1 * *
13 5.8 5.7 3.5 3.2 33.2 40.6 40.0 41.7
14 7.0 6.8 5.5 4.8 34.9 30.9 38.3 36.9
15 8.8 10.0 6.4 7.1 41.5 40.7 50.4 47.5
16 11.1 11.8 8.2 7.9 44.7 38.9 51.4 44.4
17 10.3 11.1 6.8 7.9 36.5 40.3 45.3 45.1
MALE 4.2 4.6 2.6 3.0 35.4 36.7 40.1 40.2
12 2.9 1.9 1.2 1.1 * * * *
13 3.3 2.7 1.8 1.6 * * * *
14 3.2 3.0 2.2 2.0 * * * *
15 3.9a 6.2 2.6a 4.5 * * * *
16 5.1 6.7 3.5 4.3 * * * *
17 6.8 6.6 4.3 4.3 31.0 29.8 * *
FEMALE 11.8 11.9 8.4 8.2 40.3 39.9 48.7 45.3
12 5.0 3.7 2.5 2.5 * * * *
13 8.5 8.7 5.3 4.9 33.1 38.7 * *
14 11.2 11.0 9.3 7.8 36.1 31.9 40.0 41.1
15 13.7 13.8 10.2 9.7 44.3 42.7 55.0 49.4
16 17.0 17.3 12.8 11.9 47.2 38.7 54.6 44.4
17 14.0 15.9 9.4 11.6 39.3 44.9 47.6 50.5
80703
Table 6.28A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Age Category Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 15,796 16,462 10,052 10,143 10,916 10,621 7,450 7,318
18 381 372 246 244 174 151 130 109
19 409 347 275 222 171 137 127 92
20 333 328 223 210 159 139 118 96
21 417 395 277 268 190 176 139 133
22 349 326 227 223 125 141 102 111
23 288b 412 176a 253 143 185 97 129
24 374 356 215 218 180 170 127 111
25 368 353 225 218 193 178 141 129
26-49 8,482 8,417 5,573 5,297 5,831 5,522 4,155 3,957
50 or Older 4,393 5,155 2,615 2,992 3,751 3,823 2,315 2,452
80703
Table 6.28B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.2 7.5 4.6 4.6 69.1b 64.5 74.1 72.2
18 8.4 7.9 5.4 5.2 45.5 40.5 52.6 44.6
19 9.9 8.0 6.7 5.1 41.7 39.4 46.1 41.5
20 8.3 8.1 5.6 5.2 47.6 42.4 52.7 45.6
21 9.8 9.8 6.5 6.6 45.5 44.6 50.3 49.6
22 8.9 8.7 5.8 5.9 35.8 43.1 45.0 50.0
23 7.4b 10.5 4.5a 6.4 49.7 44.8 55.1 51.1
24 9.7 9.1 5.6 5.6 48.2 47.7 59.0 50.8
25 9.7 9.6 6.0 5.9 52.4 50.8 62.5 59.0
26-49 8.5 8.5 5.6 5.3 68.7 65.6 74.6 74.7
50 or Older 5.1 5.8 3.0 3.4 85.4b 74.2 88.5 82.0
80703
Table 6.29A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 15,796 16,462 10,052 10,143 10,916 10,621 7,450 7,318
18-25 2,920 2,891 1,864 1,855 1,334 1,277 980 909
26-49 8,482 8,417 5,573 5,297 5,831 5,522 4,155 3,957
50 or Older 4,393 5,155 2,615 2,992 3,751 3,823 2,315 2,452
MALE 5,604 5,607 3,686 3,540 3,410 3,243 2,463 2,307
18-25 1,042 979 651 635 341 337 262 249
26-49 3,070 2,907 2,068 1,803 1,852 1,698 1,384 1,220
50 or Older 1,492 1,722 967 1,102 1,217 * * *
FEMALE 10,191 10,855 6,366 6,603 7,506 7,378 4,987 5,011
18-25 1,878 1,912 1,214 1,220 993 939 718 660
26-49 5,412 5,510 3,505 3,494 3,979 3,823 2,772 2,736
50 or Older 2,901 3,433 1,647 1,890 2,534 2,615 1,498 1,614
80703
Table 6.29B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Gender/Age Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.2 7.5 4.6 4.6 69.1b 64.5 74.1 72.2
18-25 9.0 8.9 5.8 5.7 45.7 44.2 52.6 49.0
26-49 8.5 8.5 5.6 5.3 68.7 65.6 74.6 74.7
50 or Older 5.1 5.8 3.0 3.4 85.4b 74.2 88.5 82.0
MALE 5.3 5.3 3.5 3.3 60.8 57.8 66.8 65.2
18-25 6.4 6.0 4.0 3.9 32.7 34.5 40.2 39.2
26-49 6.2 5.9 4.2 3.7 60.3 58.4 66.9 67.7
50 or Older 3.7 4.2 2.4 2.7 81.6 * * *
FEMALE 9.0 9.5 5.6 5.8 73.7b 68.0 78.3 75.9
18-25 11.7 11.9 7.6 7.6 52.9 49.2 59.2 54.1
26-49 10.7 11.0 6.9 7.0 73.5 69.4 79.1 78.3
50 or Older 6.2 7.2 3.5 4.0 87.4b 76.2 90.9 85.4
80703
Table 6.30A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Hispanic Origin and Race Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,969 2,016 1,359 1,369 762 781 628 600
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,610 1,691 1,116 1,141 635 690 536 533
White 1,215 1,282 869 871 502 543 432 438
Black or African American 245 293 150 193 70a 117 53 73
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 7 9 4 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 77 67 54 40 * * * *
Two or More Races 53 41 32 32 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 359 324 242 229 127 91 93 67
80703
Table 6.30B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Hispanic Origin and Race Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.9 8.2 5.5 5.5 38.9 38.9 46.6 43.9
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.9 8.4 5.5 5.7 39.6 41.0 48.1 46.8
White 8.1 8.7 5.8 5.9 41.4 42.6 49.9 50.4
Black or African American 6.4 7.8 3.9 5.1 29.0a 39.9 35.6 37.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.3 4.6 6.6 2.6 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 7.6 6.8 5.3 4.0 * * * *
Two or More Races 13.0 10.0 8.0 7.8 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 8.0 7.1 5.4 5.0 36.0 28.1 39.3 29.3
80703
Table 6.31A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 15,796 16,462 10,052 10,143 10,916 10,621 7,450 7,318
GENDER                
Male 5,604 5,607 3,686 3,540 3,410 3,243 2,463 2,307
Female 10,191 10,855 6,366 6,603 7,506 7,378 4,987 5,011
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,255 14,611 9,106 9,149 10,117 9,624 6,873 6,731
White 11,909 12,355 7,564 7,719 8,732 8,456 5,874 5,820
Black or African American 1,579 1,520 1,003 1,079 948 806 664 668
American Indian or Alaska Native 132 101 107 50 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 48 * 45 18 * * * *
Asian 273 275 136 145 * * * *
Two or More Races 315 278 252 139 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 1,541 1,851 946 994 799 997 577 587
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,776 3,086 1,736 2,090 1,823 2,012 1,199 1,488
High School Graduate 4,709 4,767 2,901 2,983 3,187 3,111 2,096 2,168
Some College 4,943 4,687 3,239 2,801 3,455 2,984 2,447 2,022
College Graduate 3,367 3,922 2,176 2,269 2,452 2,514 1,708 1,641
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 7,931 7,508 5,021a 4,298 5,074a 4,283 3,493a 2,836
Part-Time 2,192 2,525 1,313 1,515 1,353 1,694 880 1,092
Unemployed 813 1,007 549 712 490 545 373 400
Other4 4,860 5,421 3,169 3,619 3,999 4,099 2,704 2,991
MARITAL STATUS                
Married 6,458 6,444 3,951 3,727 4,850 4,607 3,239 2,974
Widowed 886 1,039 450 455 * * * *
Divorced or Separated 3,162a 3,834 2,175 2,617 2,373 2,704 1,692 2,084
Never Married 5,289 5,144 3,476 3,344 2,933 2,677 2,139 1,949
80703
Table 6.31B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.2 7.5 4.6 4.6 69.1b 64.5 74.1 72.2
GENDER                
Male 5.3 5.3 3.5 3.3 60.8 57.8 66.8 65.2
Female 9.0 9.5 5.6 5.8 73.7b 68.0 78.3 75.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.5 7.6 4.8 4.8 71.0b 65.9 75.5 73.6
White 7.8 8.1 5.0 5.1 73.3b 68.5 77.7 75.4
Black or African American 6.3 6.1 4.0 4.3 60.1 53.0 66.2 61.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.1 9.2 9.8 4.6 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5.8 * 5.4 3.1 * * * *
Asian 3.0 2.9 1.5 1.5 * * * *
Two or More Races 14.3 12.1 11.4a 6.1 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 5.4 6.3 3.3 3.4 51.8 53.9 61.0 59.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 7.7 8.6 4.8 5.8 65.7 65.2 69.1 71.2
High School Graduate 6.9 7.1 4.2 4.4 67.7 65.3 72.2 72.7
Some College 9.0 8.2 5.9a 4.9 69.9a 63.7 75.6 72.2
College Graduate 5.7 6.5 3.7 3.8 72.8a 64.1 78.5 72.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 6.6 6.2 4.2a 3.6 64.0b 57.0 69.6 66.0
Part-Time 7.6 8.6 4.6 5.2 61.7 67.2 67.1 72.1
Unemployed 11.6 14.3 7.8 10.2 60.3 54.1 67.9 56.1
Other4 7.8 8.5 5.1 5.7 82.3a 75.6 85.3 82.7
MARITAL STATUS                
Married 5.3 5.3 3.2 3.0 75.1 71.5 82.0 79.8
Widowed 6.1 7.9 3.1 3.5 * * * *
Divorced or Separated 11.4 13.1 7.9 8.9 75.0 70.5 77.8 79.6
Never Married 9.6 9.2 6.3 6.0 55.5 52.1 61.5 58.3
120417
Table 6.32A (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among
Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,970 2,016 1,358 1,371 760 782 627 601
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 315 345 230 236 140 160 130 119
Midwest 445 466 321 328 174 177 140 148
South 766 720 503 461 289 267 238 189
West 445 485 304 346 157 179 120 146
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,008 1,056 687 712 383 396 306 299
Small Metro 618 636 430 451 254 250 215 199
Nonmetro 344 324 241 208 123 136 106 103
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 329 339 225 237 113 136 88 95
$20,000 - $49,999 737 701 511 472 276 266 234 200
$50,000 - $74,999 333 350 223 245 140 126 105 98
$75,000 or More 572 626 400 416 232 255 200 207
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 441 406 300 274 177 184 147 130
No 1,529 1,609 1,058 1,097 583 599 480 471
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 1,239 1,320 851 904 474 536 390 423
Medicaid/CHIP6 534 527 370 348 215 224 175 157
Other7 124 99 84 73 * * * *
No Coverage 172 148 114 103 56b 25 48 *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 456 442 272 289 146 140 112 103
Very Good 821 850 568 573 319 324 264 247
Good 549 577 406 391 219 243 181 189
Fair/Poor 144 146 112 117 76 73 * *
120417
Table 6.32B (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among
Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.9 8.2 5.5 5.5 38.8 39.0 46.5 43.9
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7.1 7.9 5.2 5.4 44.7 46.8 56.7 50.3
Midwest 8.0 8.5 5.8 6.0 39.3 37.9 43.8 45.0
South 8.6 8.0 5.6 5.1 37.9 37.4 47.4 41.1
West 7.5 8.3 5.1 5.9 35.8 37.0 40.2 42.2
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7.5 7.9 5.1 5.3 38.3 37.8 45.1 42.1
Small Metro 8.3 8.8 5.8 6.2 41.3 39.5 50.1 44.2
Nonmetro 8.5 7.9 6.0 5.1 35.9 42.1 44.2 49.5
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 7.8 8.1 5.4 5.7 34.6 40.2 39.5 40.0
$20,000 - $49,999 9.1 9.3 6.3 6.3 37.5 38.2 46.0 42.4
$50,000 - $74,999 7.2 7.8 4.8 5.5 43.1 36.0 48.7 40.2
$75,000 or More 7.2 7.3 5.0 4.9 40.6 41.0 50.0 50.0
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 9.1 8.3 6.2 5.6 40.2 45.3 48.9 47.4
No 7.6 8.1 5.3 5.5 38.5 37.4 45.8 43.1
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 7.5 8.1 5.2 5.6 38.5 40.8 46.2 46.9
Medicaid/CHIP6 8.5 8.2 5.9 5.4 40.8 42.8 47.7 45.0
Other7 12.1 9.6 8.2 7.1 * * * *
No Coverage 8.0 7.5 5.3 5.2 32.4a 17.3 41.6 *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 5.5 5.4 3.3 3.5 32.2 32.0 41.3 35.6
Very Good 7.8 8.2 5.4 5.5 38.8 38.4 46.5 43.1
Good 10.3 11.2 7.6 7.6 40.5 42.2 45.4 48.5
Fair/Poor 17.1 15.0 13.3 12.0 54.1 50.8 * *
120417
Table 6.33A (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among
Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 15,840 16,540 10,076 10,208 10,937 10,691 7,464 7,380
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 2,952 2,829 1,942 1,746 2,081 2,038 1,515 1,412
Midwest 3,753 3,641 2,297 2,253 2,639a 2,174 1,715 1,515
South 5,958 6,363 3,746 3,934 4,165 4,160 2,799 2,808
West 3,178 3,706 2,092 2,275 2,052 2,319 1,434 1,645
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7,891 8,625 4,934 5,282 5,371 5,339 3,622 3,739
Small Metro 4,642 4,915 3,076 3,141 3,214 3,228 2,283 2,248
Nonmetro 3,307 3,000 2,066 1,784 2,353 2,125 1,559 1,393
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 3,962 4,082 2,644 2,812 2,735 2,836 1,892 2,095
$20,000 - $49,999 5,827 5,687 3,790 3,487 3,935 3,513 2,755 2,490
$50,000 - $74,999 2,459a 3,031 1,413 1,693 1,733 1,959 1,087 1,269
$75,000 or More 3,592 3,740 2,230 2,216 2,534 2,384 1,729 1,526
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 3,933 4,034 2,774 2,817 2,787 2,962 2,089 2,246
No 11,907 12,506 7,303 7,391 8,150 7,730 5,375 5,134
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 9,372 9,343 5,614 5,335 6,656 6,025 4,312 3,907
Medicaid/CHIP6 2,138 2,353 1,512 1,707 1,708 1,804 1,246 1,404
Other7 2,886 3,325 1,941 2,112 2,505 2,584 1,746 1,790
No Coverage 3,006 3,467 2,026 2,213 1,490 1,713 1,100 1,264
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 2,086 2,213 1,228 1,242 1,281 1,210 819 748
Very Good 5,035 4,700 2,873 2,563 3,218 2,777 2,000 1,704
Good 4,956 5,353 3,184 3,169 3,396 3,348 2,374 2,301
Fair/Poor 3,752 4,275 2,788 3,235 3,034 3,356 2,270 2,627
120417
Table 6.33B (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Had Past Year MDE1 Received Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among
Persons with Past Year MDE1,2
Total With Severe Impairment3 Total With Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7.2 7.5 4.6 4.6 69.0b 64.6 74.1 72.3
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7.2 6.9 4.7 4.3 70.5 72.0 78.1 80.8
Midwest 7.7 7.5 4.7 4.6 70.3b 59.7 74.6a 67.3
South 7.5 8.0 4.7 4.9 69.9 65.4 74.7 71.4
West 6.3 7.3 4.2 4.5 64.6 62.6 68.6 72.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 6.7 7.3 4.2 4.5 68.1a 61.9 73.4 70.8
Small Metro 7.4 7.4 4.9 4.8 69.2 65.7 74.2 71.6
Nonmetro 8.7 8.2 5.5 4.9 71.1 70.9 75.5 78.1
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 9.4 10.2 6.3 7.0 69.0 69.5 71.6 74.5
$20,000 - $49,999 7.7 7.8 5.0 4.8 67.5 61.8 72.7 71.4
$50,000 - $74,999 6.4 7.5 3.7 4.2 70.5 64.7 76.9 75.0
$75,000 or More 5.7 5.6 3.6 3.3 70.5 63.7 77.6 68.9
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 12.2 12.7 8.6 8.9 70.9 73.4 75.3 79.7
No 6.4 6.6 3.9 3.9 68.4b 61.8 73.6 69.5
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 6.1 6.1 3.7 3.5 71.0b 64.5 76.8 73.2
Medicaid/CHIP6 12.8 13.0 9.1 9.5 79.9 76.7 82.4 82.3
Other7 5.9 6.6 4.0 4.2 86.8a 77.7 90.0 84.8
No Coverage 9.1 10.2 6.1 6.5 49.6 49.4 54.3 57.1
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 4.1 4.3 2.4 2.4 61.4 54.7 66.7 60.2
Very Good 6.4 5.9 3.7 3.2 63.9 59.1 69.6 66.5
Good 8.2 9.0 5.3 5.3 68.5 62.6 74.6 72.6
Fair/Poor 12.9 14.3 9.6 10.9 80.9 78.5 81.4 81.2
80423
Table 6.34A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 4,971 4,726 681 715 4,175 3,907
Marijuana and Hashish 3,348 3,147 483 471 2,794 2,620
Cocaine 411 383 64 68 336 300
Crack 73 65 16 17 56 45
Heroin 37 23 11 6 26 15
Hallucinogens 650 627 121 117 513 496
LSD 106 125 18 15 86 108
PCP 59 55 11 8 47 47
Ecstasy 306 329 63 60 235 259
Inhalants 1,110 994 200 194 882 777
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 2,181 2,034 338 376 1,772 1,609
Pain Relievers 1,818 1,681 280 306 1,483 1,336
OxyContin® 199 232 46 62 149 168
Tranquilizers 483 506 99 127 369 360
Stimulants5 547b 416 100 89 422b 319
Methamphetamine5 185b 118 34 25 146a 91
Sedatives 110 111 31 31 72 79
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 3,146a 2,914 489 519 2,566a 2,324
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 698 654 103 96 580 523
Heavy Alcohol Use7 603 591 88 77 506 504
80423
Table 6.34B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 19.6 18.7 34.6 35.5 18.2 17.2
Marijuana and Hashish 13.2 12.5 24.5 23.4 12.2 11.5
Cocaine 1.6 1.5 3.2 3.4 1.5 1.3
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 2.6 2.5 6.1 5.8 2.2 2.2
LSD 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.5
PCP 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 1.2 1.3 3.2 3.0 1.0 1.1
Inhalants 4.4 3.9 10.2 9.6 3.8 3.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 8.6 8.1 17.2 18.6 7.7 7.1
Pain Relievers 7.2 6.7 14.2 15.2 6.5 5.9
OxyContin® 0.8 0.9 2.3 3.1 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 1.9 2.0 5.0 6.3 1.6 1.6
Stimulants5 2.2b 1.6 5.1 4.4 1.8b 1.4
Methamphetamine5 0.7b 0.5 1.7 1.3 0.6a 0.4
Sedatives 0.4 0.4 1.6 1.6 0.3 0.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 12.4a 11.5 24.9 25.8 11.2a 10.2
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 2.8 2.6 5.2 4.8 2.5 2.3
Heavy Alcohol Use7 2.4 2.3 4.5 3.8 2.2 2.2
80423
Table 6.35A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 30,804 30,966 4,374 4,513 26,133 26,139
Marijuana and Hashish 22,030 21,938 2,934 2,890 18,915 18,791
Cocaine 5,658 5,355 894 1,020 4,695 4,250
Crack 1,406 1,386 286 432 1,086 917
Heroin 523 342 106 57 398 274
Hallucinogens 3,307 3,135 476 401 2,752 2,703
LSD 560 495 68 53 486 439
PCP 128 82 12 19 116 63
Ecstasy 1,824 1,804 288 226 1,492 1,552
Inhalants 1,108 1,086 196 145 904 933
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 14,301 14,246 2,581 2,644 11,554 11,454
Pain Relievers 10,832 10,785 1,946 1,974 8,778 8,687
OxyContin® 1,124 1,190 236 373 878 800
Tranquilizers 4,575 4,776 946 1,123 3,586 3,628
Stimulants5 3,243b 2,582 713 631 2,506b 1,913
Methamphetamine5 1,704b 1,226 328 374 1,367b 819
Sedatives 817 752 249 165 531 586
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 18,108 18,230 2,934 3,231 14,950 14,796
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 37,628 36,159 4,691 4,723 32,534 31,032
Heavy Alcohol Use7 16,344 16,420 1,363 1,705 14,905 14,555
80423
Table 6.35B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
6 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
7 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs3 14.0 13.9 27.7 27.4 12.9 12.8
Marijuana and Hashish 10.0 9.9 18.6 17.6 9.3 9.2
Cocaine 2.6 2.4 5.7 6.2 2.3 2.1
Crack 0.6 0.6 1.8 2.6 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.5 1.4 3.0 2.4 1.4 1.3
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Ecstasy 0.8 0.8 1.8 1.4 0.7 0.8
Inhalants 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.5 6.4 16.3 16.1 5.7 5.6
Pain Relievers 4.9 4.8 12.3 12.0 4.3 4.3
OxyContin® 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.3 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 6.0 6.8 1.8 1.8
Stimulants5 1.5b 1.2 4.5 3.8 1.2b 0.9
Methamphetamine5 0.8b 0.6 2.1 2.3 0.7b 0.4
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 8.2 8.2 18.6 19.6 7.4 7.2
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use6 17.1a 16.2 29.7 28.7 16.0a 15.2
Heavy Alcohol Use7 7.4 7.4 8.6 10.4 7.3 7.1
80423
Table 6.36A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 1,172 1,093 236 244 905 825
Marijuana 867 783 156 141 692 627
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 509 495 132 152 360 329
Alcohol 1,360 1,364 239 254 1,099 1,091
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 490 518 105 116 375 395
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 2,043 1,940 371 381 1,629 1,521
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 637 577 131 138 490 426
Marijuana 447 382 69 62 368 314
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 257 259 76 97 172 152
Alcohol 474 554 102 118 367 422
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 153 165 33 40 116 121
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 958 966 200 216 740 728
80423
Table 6.36B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 4.6 4.3 12.0 12.1 3.9 3.6
Marijuana 3.4 3.1 7.9 7.0 3.0 2.8
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2.0 2.0 6.7 7.6 1.6 1.4
Alcohol 5.4 5.4 12.1 12.6 4.8 4.8
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1.9 2.1 5.3 5.8 1.6 1.7
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 8.0 7.7 18.8 18.9 7.1 6.7
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 2.5 2.3 6.7 6.9 2.1 1.9
Marijuana 1.8 1.5 3.5 3.1 1.6 1.4
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.0 1.0 3.9 4.8 0.8 0.7
Alcohol 1.9 2.2 5.2 5.9 1.6 1.9
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 0.6 0.7 1.7 2.0 0.5 0.5
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 3.8 3.8 10.1 10.7 3.2 3.2
80423
Table 6.37A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 5,847 5,758 1,484 1,454 4,292 4,211
Marijuana 3,305 3,148 732 630 2,537 2,478
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 3,289 3,291 954 1,051 2,294 2,168
Alcohol 17,438 17,273 3,050 2,806 14,243 14,305
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 2,716 2,657 691 727 1,984 1,869
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 20,570 20,373 3,842 3,533 16,551 16,648
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 4,201 4,107 1,215 1,205 2,928 2,823
Marijuana 2,169 2,118 536 484 1,609 1,601
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2,315 2,362 752 870 1,530 1,431
Alcohol 7,933 7,897 1,846 1,778 5,984 6,031
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1,176 1,204 409 432 742 725
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 10,958 10,800 2,653 2,551 8,170 8,129
80423
Table 6.37B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs4 2.7 2.6 9.4 8.8 2.1 2.1
Marijuana 1.5 1.4 4.6 3.8 1.2 1.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.5 1.5 6.0 6.4 1.1 1.1
Alcohol 7.9 7.8 19.3 17.0 7.0 7.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1.2 1.2 4.4 4.4 1.0 0.9
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 9.3 9.2 24.3 21.5 8.1 8.2
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs4 1.9 1.8 7.7 7.3 1.4 1.4
Marijuana 1.0 1.0 3.4 2.9 0.8 0.8
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.0 1.1 4.8 5.3 0.8 0.7
Alcohol 3.6 3.5 11.7 10.8 2.9 3.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.6 0.4 0.4
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 5.0 4.9 16.8 15.5 4.0 4.0
80703
Table 6.38A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Type of Professional1 Past Year MDE2 Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL4 717 728 593 559
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 129b 191 103b 161
Other Medical Doctor5 18 27 17 20
Psychologist 250 265 213 222
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 153 197 135 148
Social Worker 102 92 92 75
Counselor 420 423 357 349
Other Mental Health Professional6 41 68 37 61
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 80 81 74 76
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 129 107 115 84
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 19 9 15 9
Other8 8 7 5 6
80703
Table 6.38B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Type of Professional1 Past Year MDE2 Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 18.2b 26.6 17.6b 29.1
Other Medical Doctor5 2.6 3.8 2.9 3.6
Psychologist 35.5 36.8 36.5 40.1
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 21.7 27.3 23.2 26.7
Social Worker 14.5 12.8 15.8 13.5
Counselor 59.6 58.8 61.1 63.0
Other Mental Health Professional6 5.8a 9.4 6.3a 11.0
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 11.4 11.3 12.6 13.8
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 18.2 14.8 19.7 15.2
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 2.7 1.3 2.5 1.7
Other8 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1
80703
Table 6.39A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Type of Professional1 Past Year MDE2 Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL4 10,131 9,851 7,023 6,888
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 6,186 6,071 4,200 4,197
Other Medical Doctor5 994 1,058 683 775
Psychologist 2,652 2,794 2,212 2,234
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2,859 2,855 2,354 2,249
Social Worker 974 908 886 764
Counselor 2,064 1,878 1,653 1,469
Other Mental Health Professional6 559b 985 537a 873
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 510a 773 407 586
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 1,738 1,451 1,275 1,140
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 580 668 433 501
Other8 98 102 90 79
80703
Table 6.39B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Type of Professional1 Past Year MDE2 Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment3
2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment data were excluded.
4 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
5 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
6 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
7 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
8 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 61.2 61.9 59.9 61.2
Other Medical Doctor5 9.8 10.8 9.7 11.3
Psychologist 26.2 28.5 31.6 32.6
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 28.3 29.1 33.6 32.8
Social Worker 9.6 9.3 12.6 11.1
Counselor 20.4 19.2 23.6 21.4
Other Mental Health Professional6 5.5b 10.0 7.7b 12.7
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 5.0b 7.9 5.8a 8.5
Religious or Spiritual Advisor7 17.2 14.8 18.2 16.6
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 5.7 6.8 6.2 7.3
Other8 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.2
80423
Table 6.40A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION1
Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional OR Used Prescription Medication Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional Only Used Prescription Medication Only Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional AND Used Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 762 781 468 412 42 49 249a 313
GENDER                
Male 190 213 121 105 17 17 50a 91
Female 572 568 347 308 25 32 199 222
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 635 690 368 357 37 42 227a 285
White 502 543 266 245 31 36 203 258
Black or African American 70a 117 61 92 4 4 5 19
Other or Two or More Races * * * * * 2 * 8
Hispanic or Latino 127 91 100a 55 * 7 22 28
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 113 135 84 85 7 6 22a 43
$20,000 - $49,999 276 265 170 154 17 19 88 88
$50,000 - $74,999 140 127 80 67 12 11 49 47
$75,000 or More 232 254 133 106 7 13 91a 135
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 177 183 120 107 11 11 45 61
No 584 598 348 306 31 38 204 253
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 474 535 267 268 18 31 188 234
Medicaid/CHIP4 216 224 147 126 16 19 54 75
Other5 * * * * * * 5 *
No Coverage 56b 25 32a 14 8 2 15 9
80423
Table 6.40B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION1
Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional OR Used Prescription Medication Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional Only Used Prescription Medication Only Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional AND Used Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 38.9 38.9 23.9 20.5 2.1 2.5 12.7 15.6
GENDER                
Male 35.4 36.7 22.5 18.0 3.1 2.9 9.4a 15.7
Female 40.3 39.9 24.5 21.6 1.8 2.3 14.0 15.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 39.6 41.0 22.9 21.2 2.3 2.5 14.1 16.9
White 41.4 42.6 22.0 19.2 2.6 2.8 16.8 20.2
Black or African American 29.0a 39.9 25.1 31.6 1.5 1.4 2.2 6.7
Other or Two or More Races * * * * * 1.6 * 6.5
Hispanic or Latino 36.0 28.1 28.3a 17.0 * 2.3 6.3 8.8
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 34.7 39.9 26.0 25.3 2.0 1.8 6.6a 12.8
$20,000 - $49,999 37.5 38.2 23.1 22.1 2.3 2.7 11.9 12.7
$50,000 - $74,999 43.2 36.1 24.7 19.1 3.6 3.2 14.9 13.5
$75,000 or More 40.7 40.8 23.4a 17.1 1.2 2.1 15.9 21.6
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 40.4 45.0 27.4 26.3 2.5 2.7 10.3 15.0
No 38.5 37.4 22.9 19.1 2.0 2.4 13.4 15.7
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 38.5 40.6 21.7 20.3 1.4 2.4 15.3 17.8
Medicaid/CHIP4 41.0 42.9 27.7 24.1 3.0 3.5 10.1 14.5
Other5 * * * * * * 4.0 *
No Coverage 32.6a 17.2 18.9 9.4 4.6 1.6 8.9 5.8
80423
Table 6.41A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION1
Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional OR Used Prescription Medication Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional Only Used Prescription Medication Only Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional AND Used Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,916 10,621 2,573 2,545 760 755 7,555 7,284
GENDER                
Male 3,410 3,243 980 884 229 245 2,200 2,114
Female 7,506 7,378 1,593 1,661 531 510 5,356 5,171
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,117 9,624 2,288 2,176 703 676 7,099 6,734
White 8,732 8,456 1,871 1,682 657 609 6,202 6,151
Black or African American 948 806 312 335 36 45 576 404
Other or Two or More Races 437 * 104 160 11 22 322a 180
Hispanic or Latino 799 997 285 368 57 79 456 550
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 2,721 2,819 688 606 255 254 1,753 1,922
$20,000 - $49,999 3,934 3,495 811 925 277 198 2,846 2,372
$50,000 - $74,999 1,735 1,944 360 469 122 116 1,251 1,360
$75,000 or More 2,527 2,362 713 545 107 186 1,706 1,631
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 2,775 2,937 620 488 183 254 1,947 2,168
No 8,141 7,683 1,953 2,057 577 501 5,609 5,116
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 6,644 5,979 1,682 1,419 414 437 4,546 4,122
Medicaid/CHIP4 1,702 1,798 317 264 103 148 1,280 1,359
Other5 2,501 2,577 372 472 194 245 1,910 1,838
No Coverage 1,491 1,702 443a 652 153 84 895 957
80423
Table 6.41B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR TREATMENT FOR DEPRESSION1
Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional OR Used Prescription Medication Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional Only Used Prescription Medication Only Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional AND Used Prescription Medication
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 69.1b 64.5 16.3 15.5 4.8 4.6 47.9 44.4
GENDER                
Male 60.8 57.8 17.5 15.8 4.1 4.4 39.3 37.7
Female 73.7b 68.0 15.6 15.3 5.2 4.7 52.7a 47.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 71.0b 65.9 16.1 14.9 4.9 4.6 49.9 46.2
White 73.3b 68.5 15.7 13.6 5.5 4.9 52.1 49.9
Black or African American 60.1 53.0 19.8 22.3 2.3 3.0 37.0 27.0
Other or Two or More Races 57.0 * 13.5 21.7 1.4 3.0 42.0a 24.5
Hispanic or Latino 51.8 53.9 18.5 19.9 3.7 4.3 29.6 29.7
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 69.0 69.4 17.5 15.0 6.5 6.3 44.7 47.8
$20,000 - $49,999 67.6a 61.6 13.9 16.3 4.8 3.5 48.9a 41.8
$50,000 - $74,999 70.6 64.6 14.7 15.6 5.0 3.8 51.0 45.2
$75,000 or More 70.6 63.5 19.9 14.7 3.0 5.0 47.6 43.9
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 70.9 73.3 15.8 12.2 4.7 6.3 50.0 54.4
No 68.5b 61.7 16.4 16.5 4.9 4.0 47.2b 41.1
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 71.1b 64.4 18.0 15.3 4.4 4.7 48.7 44.4
Medicaid/CHIP4 79.9 76.7 14.9 11.4 4.8 6.3 60.2 58.6
Other5 86.8a 77.6 12.9 14.3 6.8 7.4 66.9a 55.8
No Coverage 49.6 49.3 14.7 18.9 5.1 2.4 29.7 27.8

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