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80625
Table 7.59A – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use among Past Month Methamphetamine Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 229 * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 11 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 2 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way 14 19 * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.59B – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use among Past Month Methamphetamine Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 35.7 * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 1.8 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.3 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way 2.2 4.1 * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.60A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 9 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.60B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 2.6 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.61A – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Sedative Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor 229 * * * * 15 * *
From More Than One Doctor 15 9 * * 6 * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy 1 10 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 428 516 * * * 91 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 35 * * * 23 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 24 19 * * 12 * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger 16 35 * * 9 9 * *
Bought on the Internet 5 5 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 21 28 * * * 4 * *
80625
Table 7.61B – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Sedative Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor 27.4 * * * * 9.8 * *
From More Than One Doctor 1.8 1.1 * * 3.8 * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy 0.1 1.2 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 51.1 65.4 * * * 59.3 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 4.4 * * * 14.9 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 2.8 2.5 * * 7.2 * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger 1.9 4.5 * * 5.2 5.8 * *
Bought on the Internet 0.6 0.7 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 2.5 3.6 * * * 2.8 * *
80625
Table 7.62A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent‘s most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * 394 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 10 11 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy 0 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 9 16 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 5 6 * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * 1 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger 3 * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0 0 * * * * * *
Some Other Way * 1 * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.62B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent‘s most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * 91.7 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 2.5 2.7 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy 0.0 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2.2 3.7 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.2 1.4 * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * 0.3 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger 0.8 * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.0 0.1 * * * * * *
Some Other Way * 0.2 * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.63A – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use among Past Month Sedative Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy * * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.63B – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use among Past Month Sedative Users1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy * * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.64A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy * * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80625
Table 7.64B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital, or Pharmacy * * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking * * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other Stranger * * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
80416
Table 7.65A – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1            
Drank Alone 514 516 351 356 164 161
Drank with One Other Person 1,506 1,479 859 813 647 667
Drank with Two or More Other People 8,540 8,460 4,398 4,291 4,143 4,169
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 580 506 295 276 285 230
Home 3,174 3,053 1,790 1,697 1,383 1,357
Someone Else's Home 5,606 5,845 2,910 3,018 2,696 2,827
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 500 467 255 240 245 227
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 990 969 400 331 590 638
Concert or Sports Game 172 150 89 83 83 66
School 240 195 117 79 123 116
Some Other Place3 686 725 381 349 304 376
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 199 246 87 98 112 148
Outside (Location not Specified) 98 118 66 73 32 45
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 80 79 30 40 50 40
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 40 40 18 20 23 20
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 35 24 28 12 6 12
Dorm Room 19 22 9 7 11 15
80416
Table 7.65B – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1            
Drank Alone 4.9 4.9 6.3 6.5 3.3 3.2
Drank with One Other Person 14.3 14.1 15.3 14.9 13.1 13.3
Drank with Two or More Other People 80.9 80.9 78.4 78.6 83.6 83.4
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 5.5 4.9 5.3 5.1 5.8 4.6
Home 30.3 29.4 32.2 31.3 28.1 27.3
Someone Else's Home 53.4a 56.3 52.3a 55.7 54.7 56.9
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.0 4.6
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 9.4 9.3 7.2 6.1 12.0 12.8
Concert or Sports Game 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.3
School 2.3 1.9 2.1 1.5 2.5 2.3
Some Other Place3 6.6 7.1 7.0 6.6 6.3 7.7
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 1.9 2.4 1.6 1.8 2.3 3.0
Outside (Location not Specified) 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 0.7 0.9
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.8
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3
Dorm Room 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
80416
Table 7.66A – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use AGE GROUP
12-14 15-17 18-20
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1            
Drank Alone 68 72 171 176 275 268
Drank with One Other Person 167 139 481 456 858 884
Drank with Two or More Other People 525b 395 2,645 2,591 5,371 5,474
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 39 26 251 235 290 245
Home 290 248 846 739 2,038 2,067
Someone Else's Home 335 281 1,985 2,014 3,287 3,550
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 62a 35 250 221 188 211
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 35 24 120 120 836 825
Concert or Sports Game 8 8 69 40 96 102
School 21 9 60 46 158 140
Some Other Place3 53 49 238 302 395 373
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 18 18 70 106 112 123
Outside (Location not Specified) 12 15 46 62 40 41
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 4 3 21 41 55 35
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 3 2 20 19 18 18
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 3 * 13 6 18 18
Dorm Room * * 2 2 18 20
80416
Table 7.66B – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use AGE GROUP
12-14 15-17 18-20
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1            
Drank Alone 9.0 11.9 5.2 5.5 4.2 4.0
Drank with One Other Person 21.9 22.9 14.6 14.2 13.2 13.3
Drank with Two or More Other People 69.1 65.2 80.2 80.4 82.6 82.6
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 5.2 4.3 7.7 7.4 4.5 3.7
Home 38.8 41.3 26.0 23.1 31.4 31.4
Someone Else's Home 45.0 46.9 60.9 63.1 50.7a 53.8
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 8.3 5.8 7.7 6.9 2.9 3.2
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 4.6 4.0 3.7 3.8 12.9 12.5
Concert or Sports Game 1.0 1.3 2.1 1.3 1.5 1.5
School 2.8 1.5 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1
Some Other Place3 7.2 8.5 7.5a 9.6 6.2 5.7
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 2.4 3.1 2.2 3.4 1.7 1.9
Outside (Location not Specified) 1.6 2.6 1.4 2.0 0.6 0.6
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.5
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.4 * 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3
Dorm Room * * 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
80605
Table 7.67A – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month1 Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Because an anomaly was corrected in the edited data, these 2006 estimates differ from estimates published in the report on Underage Alcohol Use: Findings from the 2002-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (DHHS Publication No. SMA 08-4333, Analytic Series A-30).
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 3,269 3,156 2,052 2,022 1,217 1,133
Purchased It Himself or Herself 983 858 640 614 343a 244
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 763 731 508 508 255 223
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store2 497 496 356 396 141 100
Restaurant, Bar, or Club2 254 229 141 109 113 119
Concert, Sports, or Other Event2 10 5 10 3 0 2
From Another Person 94 128 63a 106 30 22
From Person under Age 212 30 49 18a 40 12 9
From Person Aged 21 or Older2 63 79 46 66 17 13
Purchased by Someone Else 2,271 2,276 1,404 1,392 868 884
Parent or Guardian 71 50 48 31 22 20
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 254 242 145 141 109 101
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 1,577 1,699 943 1,017 634 682
Someone under Age 21 310a 229 225 164 85 66
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 7,284 7,299 3,542 3,442 3,742 3,857
Got It from Parent or Guardian 652 553 316a 244 336 309
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 854 872 465 407 389 464
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 2,637 2,713 1,200 1,156 1,437 1,556
Got It from Someone under Age 21 1,449 1,512 677 739 772 773
Took It from Own Home 396 398 202 220 193 178
Took It from Someone Else's Home 296 247 157 132 139 115
Got It Some Other Way 675 623 343 322 332 301
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age and Method3 313 263 140 142 173 121
80605
Table 7.67B – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month1 Total GENDER
Male Female
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Because an anomaly was corrected in the edited data, these 2006 estimates differ from estimates published in the report on Underage Alcohol Use: Findings from the 2002-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (DHHS Publication No. SMA 08-4333, Analytic Series A-30).
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 31.0 30.2 36.7 37.0 24.5 22.7
Purchased It Himself or Herself 9.3 8.2 11.5 11.3 6.9b 4.9
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 7.3 7.0 9.2 9.3 5.2 4.5
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store2 4.8 4.8 6.5 7.3 2.9 2.0
Restaurant, Bar, or Club2 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.4
Concert, Sports, or Other Event2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
From Another Person 0.9 1.2 1.1a 1.9 0.6 0.4
From Person under Age 212 0.3 0.5 0.3a 0.7 0.2 0.2
From Person Aged 21 or Older2 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.3 0.3
Purchased by Someone Else 21.6 21.8 25.1 25.6 17.5 17.7
Parent or Guardian 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.4
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.0
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 15.0 16.4 17.0 18.8 12.8 13.7
Someone under Age 21 3.0a 2.2 4.1 3.0 1.7 1.3
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 69.0 69.8 63.3 63.0 75.5 77.3
Got It from Parent or Guardian 6.4 5.5 5.8 4.6 7.0 6.4
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 8.3 8.7 8.6 7.8 8.1 9.6
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 25.8 26.9 22.2 22.1 29.8 32.2
Got It from Someone under Age 21 14.2 15.0 12.5 14.1 16.0 16.0
Took It from Own Home 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.2 4.0 3.7
Took It from Someone Else's Home 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.5 2.9 2.4
Got It Some Other Way 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.9 6.2
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age and Method3 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.7 3.6 2.5
80605
Table 7.68A – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month1 AGE GROUP
12-14 15-17 18-20
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Because an anomaly was corrected in the edited data, these 2006 estimates differ from estimates published in the report on Underage Alcohol Use: Findings from the 2002-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (DHHS Publication No. SMA 08-4333, Analytic Series A-30).
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 50 53 772 759 2,448 2,344
Purchased It Himself or Herself 9 14 178 149 796 694
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 7 8 119 110 636 613
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store2 7 6 84 90 406 400
Restaurant, Bar, or Club2 * 2 29 20 225 207
Concert, Sports, or Other Event2 * 1 5 * 5 4
From Another Person 1 6 35 40 58 82
From Person under Age 212 * 4 18 19 12 26
From Person Aged 21 or Older2 1 1 17 21 45 56
Purchased by Someone Else 40 36 589 603 1,642 1,637
Parent or Guardian 3 2 16 12 52 37
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 2 5 44 57 208 180
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 22 19 384 406 1,170 1,274
Someone under Age 21 11 9 121 108 178a 112
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 705b 555 2,519 2,466 4,061 4,277
Got It from Parent or Guardian 121 90 253 199 277 264
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 93 69 282 293 478 510
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 97 74 632 631 1,908 2,009
Got It from Someone under Age 21 124 112 626 672 698 728
Took It from Own Home 106a 72 157 171 132 155
Took It from Someone Else's Home 47 36 148 118 102 94
Got It Some Other Way 71 58 278 214 326 351
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age and Method3 35 29 156 116 122 119
80605
Table 7.68B – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month1 AGE GROUP
12-14 15-17 18-20
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Because an anomaly was corrected in the edited data, these 2006 estimates differ from estimates published in the report on Underage Alcohol Use: Findings from the 2002-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (DHHS Publication No. SMA 08-4333, Analytic Series A-30).
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 6.6 8.6 23.5 23.5 37.6 35.4
Purchased It Himself or Herself 1.2 2.3 5.4 4.6 12.2 10.5
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 1.0 1.4 3.7 3.4 9.9 9.3
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store2 1.0 1.0 2.6 2.8 6.3 6.1
Restaurant, Bar, or Club2 * 0.3 0.9 0.6 3.5 3.1
Concert, Sports, or Other Event2 * 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.1
From Another Person 0.1 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.2
From Person under Age 212 * 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.4
From Person Aged 21 or Older2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.9
Purchased by Someone Else 5.3 5.9 17.9 18.7 25.3 24.8
Parent or Guardian 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.6
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.2 0.8 1.4 1.8 3.2 2.7
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 3.0 3.2 11.8 12.7 18.1 19.4
Someone under Age 21 1.5 1.5 3.7 3.4 2.8a 1.7
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 93.4 91.4 76.5 76.5 62.4 64.6
Got It from Parent or Guardian 17.1 16.0 8.0 6.5 4.4 4.1
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 13.1 12.3 9.0 9.6 7.5 7.9
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 13.7 13.1 20.1 20.6 30.0 31.1
Got It from Someone under Age 21 17.5 19.9 19.9 22.0 11.0 11.3
Took It from Own Home 15.0 12.8 5.0 5.6 2.1 2.4
Took It from Someone Else's Home 6.6 6.3 4.7 3.9 1.6 1.5
Got It Some Other Way 10.0 10.3 8.8 7.0 5.1 5.4
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age and Method3 4.9 5.1 5.0 3.8 1.9 1.8
80407
Table 7.69A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5,963 5,913 97 135 5,836 5,718
Marijuana and Hashish 4,272 4,179 71 98 4,179 4,031
Cocaine 652 590 7 10 640 577
Crack 167 112 2 7 165a 104
Heroin 38 47 3 2 35 45
Hallucinogens 274a 345 6 4 263a 337
LSD 29 33 3 0 26 32
PCP 9 7 * 0 8 6
Ecstasy 156a 218 3 2 150a 216
Inhalants 125 162 2 7 121 154
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics33,4 2,367 2,256 35 32 2,319 2,204
Pain Relievers 1,674 1,608 29 20 1,634 1,571
OxyContin® 126 98 1 1 124 97
Tranquilizers 678 676 6 8 668 662
Stimulants4 551 466 5 10 542 454
Methamphetamine4 266 209 3 2 262 206
Sedatives 101 116 1 1 100 114
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 2,929 2,887 40 49 2,872 2,815
80407
Table 7.69B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 9.6 9.5 3.9 5.2 9.9 9.7
Marijuana and Hashish 6.9 6.7 2.8 3.8 7.1 6.8
Cocaine 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.0
Crack 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3a 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4a 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.4a 0.6
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.3a 0.4
Inhalants 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics33,4 3.8 3.6 1.4 1.2 3.9 3.7
Pain Relievers 2.7 2.6 1.2 0.8 2.8 2.7
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.1
Stimulants4 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.8
Methamphetamine4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.7 4.7 1.6 1.9 4.9 4.8
80407
Table 7.70A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 5,963 5,913 97 135 5,836 5,718
AGE            
15-17 908 867 9a 20 884 832
18-25 2,499 2,528 63 69 2,425 2,430
26-44 2,556 2,519 24 46 2,526 2,456
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,220 5,274 82 120 5,110 5,101
White 4,185 4,135 58 92 4,105 4,012
Black or African American 750 857 22 22 723 820
American Indian or Alaska Native 50 46 * * 49 43
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 80 116 * * 79 111
Two or More Races 129 101 * * 127 96
Hispanic or Latino 743 639 15 15 725 616
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 50 45 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 26 54 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 21 27 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.70B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 9.6 9.5 3.9 5.2 9.9 9.7
AGE            
15-17 14.8a 13.5 12.3 22.6 14.7a 13.3
18-25 15.5 15.6 7.0 7.2 16.1 16.0
26-44 6.4 6.4 1.6 3.0 6.7 6.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 10.0 10.2 4.1 5.8 10.2 10.4
White 10.7 10.8 3.9 6.2 10.9 10.9
Black or African American 8.8 9.9 6.8 5.7 8.9 10.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.9 14.3 * * 13.0 13.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.5 3.6 * * 2.6 3.7
Two or More Races 19.5a 13.3 * * 19.8a 13.1
Hispanic or Latino 7.7a 6.2 3.0 2.9 7.9a 6.3
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 7.0 5.3 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 3.2 5.7 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 2.3 3.5 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.71A – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 4,272 4,179 71 98 4,179 4,031
AGE            
15-17 679 647 8 16 662 619
18-25 1,937 1,996 45 51 1,883 1,922
26-44 1,657 1,536 18 31 1,634 1,490
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,818 3,775 60 90 3,738 3,641
White 3,074 2,951 46 70 3,013 2,854
Black or African American 547 630 12 18 531 599
American Indian or Alaska Native 40 33 * * 39 32
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9 7 * * 9 7
Asian 57 69 * * 57 69
Two or More Races 90 86 * * 89 81
Hispanic or Latino 454 404 11 8 441 390
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 36 39 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 22 40 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 13 13 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.71B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 6.9 6.7 2.8 3.8 7.1 6.8
AGE            
15-17 11.0 10.1 10.7 17.7 11.0a 9.9
18-25 12.0 12.3 4.9 5.3 12.5 12.7
26-44 4.2 3.9 1.2 2.0 4.3 4.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.3 7.3 3.0 4.3 7.5 7.4
White 7.8 7.7 3.1 4.7 8.0 7.8
Black or African American 6.4 7.3 3.8 4.6 6.5 7.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.3 10.2 * * 10.4 10.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 4.3 2.7 * * 4.3 2.8
Asian 1.8 2.1 * * 1.9 2.3
Two or More Races 13.7 11.3 * * 13.9 11.1
Hispanic or Latino 4.7 3.9 2.2 1.5 4.8 4.0
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 5.0 4.7 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 2.6 4.2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1.5 1.7 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.72A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 18,627 18,069 423 431 18,124 17,514
Cigarettes 17,948 17,317 413 426 17,455 16,774
Smokeless Tobacco 184 211 4 3 179 200
Cigars 1,926 2,025 28 34 1,889 1,974
Pipe Tobacco 206 182 3 2 203 178
ALCOHOL 31,824 31,874 300 302 31,376 31,386
Binge Alcohol Use3 13,939 14,427 96 97 13,782 14,240
Heavy Alcohol Use3 3,158 3,302 18 19 3,132 3,263
80407
Table 7.72B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 30.1 29.1 17.0 16.6 30.7a 29.7
Cigarettes 29.0a 27.9 16.6 16.4 29.6a 28.4
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3
Cigars 3.1 3.3 1.1 1.3 3.2 3.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
ALCOHOL 51.4 51.4 12.1 11.6 53.1 53.2
Binge Alcohol Use3 22.5 23.3 3.9 3.7 23.3 24.1
Heavy Alcohol Use3 5.1 5.3 0.7 0.7 5.3 5.5
80407
Table 7.73A – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 17,948 17,317 413 426 17,455 16,774
AGE            
15-17 1,149a 1,039 17 21 1,117a 1,002
18-25 5,675b 5,417 240 224 5,400a 5,155
26-44 11,123 10,860 157 180 10,939 10,616
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 16,050 15,538 377 386 15,606 15,056
White 13,241 12,808 319 298 12,868 12,464
Black or African American 2,030 1,893 48 58 1,972 1,804
American Indian or Alaska Native 156 127 * * 152 123
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 53 * * * 49
Asian 289 390 * * 286 359
Two or More Races 262 267 * * 257 257
Hispanic or Latino 1,898 1,779 36 40 1,849 1,718
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 170 179 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 105 147 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 126a 85 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.73B – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 29.0a 27.9 16.6 16.4 29.6a 28.4
AGE            
15-17 18.7b 16.2 22.3 24.3 18.5b 16.0
18-25 35.3b 33.3 26.4 23.3 35.8b 33.9
26-44 28.1 27.6 10.4 11.6 28.8 28.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 30.8 30.1 19.0 18.5 31.3 30.6
White 33.8 33.3 21.5 19.9 34.3 33.9
Black or African American 23.8 22.0 15.0 15.0 24.2 22.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 40.6 39.5 * * 40.6 39.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 21.1 * * * 20.4
Asian 9.1 12.0 * * 9.5 11.8
Two or More Races 39.6 35.1 * * 40.0 35.1
Hispanic or Latino 19.5a 17.2 7.2 7.7 20.2a 17.6
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 23.7 21.4 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 12.9 15.4 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 13.7 10.8 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.74A – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 31,824 31,874 300 302 31,376 31,386
AGE            
15-17 1,699 1,621 10 14 1,672 1,591
18-25 8,963b 9,345 88 94 8,826 9,193
26-44 21,163 20,908 202 194 20,879 20,601
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 28,192 27,905 266 281 27,801 27,466
White 23,095 22,595 204 217 22,790 22,280
Black or African American 3,453 3,662 43 61 3,388 3,565
American Indian or Alaska Native 170 134 * * 169 131
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 86 * * * 86
Asian 994 1,010 * * 983 991
Two or More Races 400 419 * * 397 413
Hispanic or Latino 3,632 3,969 34 21 3,575a 3,920
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 147 147 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 84 79 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 61 63 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.74B – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 51.4 51.4 12.1 11.6 53.1 53.2
AGE            
15-17 27.6b 25.3 13.9 15.8 27.7b 25.4
18-25 55.7b 57.5 9.7 9.8 58.5b 60.5
26-44 53.4 53.1 13.5 12.5 55.0 54.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 54.1 54.0 13.4 13.5 55.7 55.8
White 58.9 58.8 13.8 14.5 60.7 60.6
Black or African American 40.5 42.5 13.4 15.7 41.6 43.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 44.3 41.4 * * 45.0 42.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 34.5 * * * 35.9
Asian 31.2 31.1 * * 32.4 32.6
Two or More Races 60.5 55.1 * * 61.8 56.4
Hispanic or Latino 37.4 38.3 6.8 4.1 39.1 40.1
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 20.6 17.6 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 10.2 8.2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 6.7 8.0 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.75A – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 13,939 14,427 96 97 13,782 14,240
AGE            
15-17 1,023 968 6 9 1,003 947
18-25 5,162b 5,501 45 49 5,089a 5,424
26-44 7,754 7,959 45 39 7,690 7,868
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 12,178 12,540 78 83 12,051 12,380
White 10,002 10,421 47 51 9,915 10,323
Black or African American 1,485 1,458 28 30 1,447 1,413
American Indian or Alaska Native 121 102 * * 120 100
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 55 * * * 55
Asian 345 321 * * 344 309
Two or More Races 179 183 * * 177 179
Hispanic or Latino 1,761 1,887 19 13 1,732 1,860
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 54 56 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 21 21 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 15 7 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.75B – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 22.5 23.3 3.9 3.7 23.3 24.1
AGE            
15-17 16.6a 15.1 8.4 10.3 16.6a 15.1
18-25 32.1b 33.9 4.9 5.1 33.8b 35.7
26-44 19.6 20.2 3.0 2.5 20.3 21.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 23.3a 24.3 3.9 4.0 24.1a 25.1
White 25.5b 27.1 3.2 3.4 26.4b 28.1
Black or African American 17.4 16.9 8.8 7.8 17.8 17.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 31.6 31.8 * * 32.1 32.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 22.3 * * * 23.2
Asian 10.8 9.9 * * 11.3 10.2
Two or More Races 27.1 24.1 * * 27.6 24.4
Hispanic or Latino 18.1 18.2 3.7 2.5 18.9 19.0
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 7.5 6.6 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 2.6 2.2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1.6 0.9 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.76A – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 3,158 3,302 18 19 3,132 3,263
AGE            
15-17 216 212 2 2 211 204
18-25 1,418b 1,587 7 9 1,408a 1,572
26-44 1,524 1,503 9 7 1,513 1,487
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,904 2,968 13 16 2,883 2,933
White 2,552 2,590 12 13 2,533 2,568
Black or African American 235 244 1 3 234 232
American Indian or Alaska Native 21 30 * * 21 30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10 7 * * 10 7
Asian 40 50 * * 40 50
Two or More Races 45 47 * * 44 46
Hispanic or Latino 254 334 * 3 249a 330
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 12 14 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 6 2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1 2 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.76B – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004-2005 and 2006-2007
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007 2004-2005 2006-2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2006-2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 5.1 5.3 0.7 0.7 5.3 5.5
AGE            
15-17 3.5 3.3 2.9 2.8 3.5 3.3
18-25 8.8b 9.8 0.8 0.9 9.3b 10.4
26-44 3.8 3.8 0.6 0.5 4.0 4.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5.6 5.7 0.7 0.8 5.8 6.0
White 6.5 6.7 0.8 0.8 6.8 7.0
Black or African American 2.8 2.8 0.3 0.7 2.9 2.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.6 9.5 * * 5.7 9.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 4.7 2.9 * * 4.7 3.0
Asian 1.3 1.6 * * 1.3 1.7
Two or More Races 6.8 6.1 * * 6.9 6.3
Hispanic or Latino 2.6 3.2 * 0.6 2.7 3.4
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 1.7 1.7 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.7 0.2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.1 0.3 N/A N/A
80407
Table 7.77A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 4,470 4,564 1,607 1,693 2,862 2,871
Marijuana and Hashish 3,714 3,834 1,360 1,453 2,354 2,381
Cocaine 490a 379 142 121 348a 258
Crack 37 34 6 * 31 34
Heroin 36 31 2 5 34 26
Hallucinogens 426 352 159a 87 267 266
LSD 43 58 9 21 34 37
PCP 4 8 1 3 3 4
Ecstasy 236 170 97a 42 139 129
Inhalants 107 104 29 32 78 72
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 1,413 1,366 462 453 951 913
Pain Relievers 1,092 1,084 342 326 750 759
OxyContin® 93 104 29 35 64 69
Tranquilizers 417 364 109 94 308 270
Stimulants5 324a 223 134 107 189b 117
Methamphetamine5 119b 61 29a 6 90 55
Sedatives 41 43 11 14 30 30
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 2,006 1,856 666 607 1,340 1,249
80407
Table 7.77B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 21.2 21.6 19.2 19.8 22.6 22.8
Marijuana and Hashish 17.7 18.2 16.3 17.0 18.6 18.9
Cocaine 2.3a 1.8 1.7 1.4 2.7a 2.1
Crack 0.2 0.2 0.1 * 0.2 0.3
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.0 1.7 1.9b 1.0 2.1 2.1
LSD 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1 0.8 1.2a 0.5 1.1 1.0
Inhalants 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.7 6.5 5.5 5.3 7.5 7.3
Pain Relievers 5.2 5.1 4.1 3.8 5.9 6.0
OxyContin® 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.0 1.7 1.3 1.1 2.4 2.2
Stimulants5 1.5a 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.5a 0.9
Methamphetamine5 0.6b 0.3 0.3a 0.1 0.7 0.4
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 9.5 8.8 8.0 7.1 10.6 9.9
80407
Table 7.78A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 2,678 2,847 885 939 1,793 1,908
Marijuana and Hashish 2,276 2,468 787 835 1,489 1,633
Cocaine 296 245 83 62 213 184
Crack 29 26 6 * 24 26
Heroin 31 23 2 4 29 19
Hallucinogens 257 247 88a 53 169 194
LSD 30 41 6 11 24 29
PCP 3 7 1 3 1 4
Ecstasy 128 116 47 24 81 92
Inhalants 76 68 17 23 59 45
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 795 754 222 216 573 538
Pain Relievers 647 619 190 164 457 455
OxyContin® 56 67 13 23 44 45
Tranquilizers 229 184 51 29 178 155
Stimulants5 168a 109 65 47 103 62
Methamphetamine5 58 38 15 4 43 34
Sedatives 22 19 3 7 20 11
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,159 1,091 334 308 825 783
80407
Table 7.78B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 24.7 26.3 22.4 23.9 26.0 27.8
Marijuana and Hashish 21.0a 22.8 19.9 21.2 21.6 23.8
Cocaine 2.7 2.3 2.1 1.6 3.1 2.7
Crack 0.3 0.2 0.1 * 0.3 0.4
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.3
Hallucinogens 2.4 2.3 2.2a 1.3 2.4 2.8
LSD 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4
PCP 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Ecstasy 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.6 1.2 1.3
Inhalants 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 7.3 7.0 5.6 5.5 8.3 7.8
Pain Relievers 6.0 5.7 4.8 4.2 6.6 6.6
OxyContin® 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.7
Tranquilizers 2.1 1.7 1.3 0.7 2.6 2.3
Stimulants5 1.5a 1.0 1.6 1.2 1.5 0.9
Methamphetamine5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.6 0.5
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 10.7 10.1 8.4 7.8 12.0 11.4
80407
Table 7.79A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 1,791 1,717 722 754 1,070 963
Marijuana and Hashish 1,438 1,366 573 618 864 748
Cocaine 194a 134 59 59 135b 75
Crack 7 8 1 * 7 8
Heroin 5 8 0 1 4 6
Hallucinogens 169a 106 71 34 98 72
LSD 14 18 4 10 10 8
PCP 2 1 * * 2 1
Ecstasy 107a 54 50 18 58 36
Inhalants 32 36 13 9 19 27
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 618 612 239 237 379 375
Pain Relievers 445 466 152 162 293 304
OxyContin® 37 37 16 12 21 25
Tranquilizers 187 180 57 64 130 116
Stimulants5 156 114 70 60 86 55
Methamphetamine5 61a 23 14 3 47a 21
Sedatives 18 24 8 6 10 18
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 846 765 332 299 515 466
80407
Table 7.79B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 17.6 16.7 16.4 16.4 18.5 16.9
Marijuana and Hashish 14.1 13.3 13.0 13.4 14.9 13.1
Cocaine 1.9a 1.3 1.3 1.3 2.3b 1.3
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.0 * 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.7a 1.0 1.6 0.7 1.7 1.3
LSD 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1a 0.5 1.1 0.4 1.0 0.6
Inhalants 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.1 5.9 5.4 5.2 6.5 6.6
Pain Relievers 4.4 4.5 3.5 3.5 5.1 5.3
OxyContin® 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 1.8 1.7 1.3 1.4 2.3 2.0
Stimulants5 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.0
Methamphetamine5 0.6b 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.8a 0.4
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 8.3 7.4 7.5 6.5 8.9 8.2
80407
Table 7.80A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4,470 4,564 1,607 1,693 2,862 2,871
AGE            
18 950 987 289 310 662 677
19 934 978 384 437 550 541
20 950 898 372 363 578 535
21 864 944 340 376 524 568
22 772 757 222 206 549 551
GENDER            
Male 2,678 2,847 885 939 1,793 1,908
Female 1,791 1,717 722 754 1,070 963
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,946 3,956 1,476 1,539 2,470 2,417
White 3,186 3,095 1,240 1,300 1,946 1,795
Black or African American 510 592 127 125 383 467
American Indian or Alaska Native 40 * * * 32 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 112 133 70 81 42 51
Two or More Races 61 89 * * * 62
Hispanic or Latino 524 608 132 154 392 454
80407
Table 7.80B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 21.2 21.6 19.2 19.8 22.6 22.8
AGE            
18 20.7 20.7 18.3 19.4 22.0 21.4
19 22.4 22.3 20.0 19.9 24.4 24.7
20 23.6 22.0 20.0 19.1 26.7 24.4
21 20.1 23.1 19.3 22.1 20.7 23.9
22 19.5 20.0 18.2 18.2 20.1 20.7
GENDER            
Male 24.7 26.3 22.4 23.9 26.0 27.8
Female 17.6 16.7 16.4 16.4 18.5 16.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.7 22.7 19.8 20.3 24.8 24.6
White 24.4 23.8 21.7 22.4 26.5 24.9
Black or African American 17.7 19.8 13.3 12.3 19.9 23.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 31.3 * * * 32.9 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 11.3 14.2 11.4 13.5 11.3 15.6
Two or More Races 26.1 28.5 * * * 31.6
Hispanic or Latino 14.4 16.5 14.6 16.4 14.4 16.6
80407
Table 7.81A – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,714 3,834 1,360 1,453 2,354 2,381
AGE            
18 783 814 235 255 548 559
19 780 829 333 375 447 454
20 812 786 321 330 491 456
21 705 773 282 324 423 449
22 634 631 189 168 445 463
GENDER            
Male 2,276 2,468 787 835 1,489 1,633
Female 1,438 1,366 573 618 864 748
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,312 3,327 1,245 1,310 2,067 2,017
White 2,684 2,571 1,056 1,104 1,628 1,467
Black or African American 425 526 102 102 323a 423
American Indian or Alaska Native 35 * * * 29 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 80 106 * 75 29 31
Two or More Races 55 82 * * * 58
Hispanic or Latino 402 507 115 143 287 364
80407
Table 7.81B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 17.7 18.2 16.3 17.0 18.6 18.9
AGE            
18 17.1 17.1 14.9 16.0 18.2 17.7
19 18.7 18.9 17.3 17.1 19.8 20.8
20 20.2 19.2 17.3 17.4 22.7 20.8
21 16.4 18.9 16.0 19.0 16.7 18.9
22 16.0 16.7 15.4 14.9 16.3 17.4
GENDER            
Male 21.0a 22.8 19.9 21.2 21.6 23.8
Female 14.1 13.3 13.0 13.4 14.9 13.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 19.0 19.1 16.7 17.2 20.8 20.5
White 20.5 19.8 18.5 19.0 22.2 20.4
Black or African American 14.7 17.6 10.7 10.0 16.7a 21.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 27.8 * * * 29.7 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 8.1 11.4 * 12.5 7.7 9.3
Two or More Races 23.5 26.3 * * * 29.9
Hispanic or Latino 11.1 13.8 12.8 15.3 10.5 13.3
80407
Table 7.82A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 9,111 8,687 2,972 2,777 6,135 5,905
Cigarettes 7,899a 7,373 2,374 2,184 5,521 5,184
Smokeless Tobacco 1,135 1,190 398 409 737 780
Cigars 2,776 2,874 983 985 1,790 1,889
Pipe Tobacco 306 288 111 108 196 180
ALCOHOL 12,411 12,165 5,548 5,433 6,859 6,721
Binge Alcohol Use4 8,675 8,548 3,798 3,718 4,873 4,824
Heavy Alcohol Use4 3,274 3,096 1,586 1,469 1,689 1,623
80407
Table 7.82B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 43.3b 41.1 35.6a 32.5 48.4 47.0
Cigarettes 37.5b 34.9 28.4a 25.6 43.5a 41.2
Smokeless Tobacco 5.4 5.6 4.8 4.8 5.8 6.2
Cigars 13.2 13.6 11.8 11.5 14.1 15.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4
ALCOHOL 59.0 57.6 66.4a 63.7 54.1 53.5
Binge Alcohol Use4 41.2 40.5 45.5 43.6 38.4 38.4
Heavy Alcohol Use4 15.6 14.7 19.0 17.2 13.3 12.9
80407
Table 7.83A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 5,411 5,316 1,687 1,607 3,720 3,705
Cigarettes 4,390 4,231 1,193 1,124 3,194 3,104
Smokeless Tobacco 1,086 1,121 379 384 706 737
Cigars 2,152 2,242 750 754 1,399 1,488
Pipe Tobacco 253 232 95 81 158 151
ALCOHOL 6,677 6,575 2,681 2,584 3,993 3,982
Binge Alcohol Use4 5,186 5,126 2,067 1,966 3,116 3,156
Heavy Alcohol Use4 2,197 2,105 1,001 897 1,196 1,203
80407
Table 7.83B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 49.9 49.2 42.7 40.8 54.0 53.9
Cigarettes 40.4 39.1 30.2 28.5 46.3 45.2
Smokeless Tobacco 10.0 10.4 9.6 9.8 10.2 10.7
Cigars 19.8 20.7 19.0 19.1 20.3 21.7
Pipe Tobacco 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.2
ALCOHOL 61.5 60.8 67.8 65.7 57.9 58.0
Binge Alcohol Use4 47.8 47.4 52.3 49.9 45.2 46.0
Heavy Alcohol Use4 20.2 19.5 25.3 22.8 17.3 17.5
80407
Table 7.84A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 3,700a 3,372 1,285 1,170 2,415a 2,200
Cigarettes 3,509b 3,142 1,181 1,060 2,328a 2,080
Smokeless Tobacco 49 69 18 25 31 43
Cigars 624 632 232 231 391 401
Pipe Tobacco 53 55 16 27 37 29
ALCOHOL 5,734 5,590 2,867 2,849 2,866 2,739
Binge Alcohol Use4 3,489 3,422 1,731 1,752 1,757 1,668
Heavy Alcohol Use4 1,077 992 584 572 493 419
80407
Table 7.84B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 36.3b 32.7 29.2a 25.5 41.8a 38.6
Cigarettes 34.5b 30.5 26.9a 23.1 40.2b 36.5
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8
Cigars 6.1 6.1 5.3 5.0 6.8 7.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5
ALCOHOL 56.3 54.3 65.2 62.0 49.5 48.0
Binge Alcohol Use4 34.3 33.2 39.4 38.1 30.4 29.3
Heavy Alcohol Use4 10.6 9.6 13.3 12.4 8.5 7.4
80407
Table 7.85A – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 7,899a 7,373 2,374 2,184 5,521 5,184
AGE            
18 1,486 1,414 395 390 1,090 1,024
19 1,541 1,455 554 525 987 930
20 1,528 1,457 507 468 1,018 989
21 1,714a 1,518 533 476 1,180 1,041
22 1,630 1,529 384 325 1,245 1,200
GENDER            
Male 4,390 4,231 1,193 1,124 3,194 3,104
Female 3,509b 3,142 1,181 1,060 2,328a 2,080
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,832a 6,312 2,162 1,986 4,665a 4,324
White 5,630a 5,176 1,849 1,682 3,777a 3,493
Black or African American 754 712 120 129 635 583
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 253 223 139 137 114 86
Two or More Races 97 124 * * 70 96
Hispanic or Latino 1,067 1,061 211 198 856 859
80407
Table 7.85B – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 37.5b 34.9 28.4a 25.6 43.5a 41.2
AGE            
18 32.4 29.7 25.0 24.4 36.2a 32.4
19 36.9a 33.2 28.8a 23.9 43.9 42.5
20 37.9 35.7 27.2 24.6 47.1 45.2
21 39.9 37.1 30.2 27.9 46.7 43.7
22 41.3 40.3 31.4 28.7 45.7 45.2
GENDER            
Male 40.4 39.1 30.2 28.5 46.3 45.2
Female 34.5b 30.5 26.9a 23.1 40.2b 36.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 39.2b 36.2 29.0a 26.2 46.9a 44.0
White 43.1b 39.8 32.3a 29.0 51.4a 48.5
Black or African American 26.2 23.8 12.6 12.6 32.9 29.6
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 25.5 24.0 22.5 22.8 30.4 26.2
Two or More Races 42.0 39.7 * * 51.8 49.3
Hispanic or Latino 29.4 28.8 23.5 21.1 31.3 31.3
80407
Table 7.86A – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 12,411 12,165 5,548 5,433 6,859 6,721
AGE            
18 2,119 1,993 842 770 1,277 1,218
19 2,189 2,354 1,159 1,272 1,030 1,083
20 2,293 2,362 1,184 1,257 1,106 1,105
21 3,013 2,933 1,399 1,322 1,615 1,610
22 2,796a 2,522 965a 812 1,831 1,706
GENDER            
Male 6,677 6,575 2,681 2,584 3,993 3,982
Female 5,734 5,590 2,867 2,849 2,866 2,739
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,582 10,387 5,001 4,875 5,578 5,506
White 8,620 8,361 4,086 4,035 4,530 4,324
Black or African American 1,184 1,339 454 446 730a 888
American Indian or Alaska Native 67 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 501 412 353 302 148 110
Two or More Races 152 182 * * 83 118
Hispanic or Latino 1,829 1,778 548 558 1,281 1,215
80407
Table 7.86B – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 59.0 57.6 66.4a 63.7 54.1 53.5
AGE            
18 46.2a 41.8 53.3 48.1 42.4 38.5
19 52.4 53.7 60.3 57.9 45.8 49.6
20 56.9 57.8 63.6 66.2 51.1 50.5
21 70.2 71.8 79.3 77.6 63.9 67.6
22 70.8a 66.5 78.9a 71.8 67.1 64.2
GENDER            
Male 61.5 60.8 67.8 65.7 57.9 58.0
Female 56.3 54.3 65.2 62.0 49.5 48.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 60.8 59.6 67.1a 64.2 56.1 56.0
White 66.0 64.3 71.5 69.6 61.7 60.1
Black or African American 41.1 44.7 47.6 43.7 37.9b 45.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 52.9 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 50.5 44.3 57.2 50.2 39.5 33.6
Two or More Races 65.4 58.0 * * 61.1 60.4
Hispanic or Latino 50.4 48.3 61.0 59.6 46.9 44.3
80407
Table 7.87A – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 8,675 8,548 3,798 3,718 4,873 4,824
AGE            
18 1,501 1,378 583 539 918 839
19 1,552 1,702 793 899 759 802
20 1,572 1,645 794 835 775 810
21 2,118 2,047 997 894 1,121 1,152
22 1,932 1,776 632 551 1,300 1,220
GENDER            
Male 5,186 5,126 2,067 1,966 3,116 3,156
Female 3,489 3,422 1,731 1,752 1,757 1,668
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,395 7,269 3,441 3,382 3,950 3,886
White 6,311 6,160 2,957 2,955 3,351 3,203
Black or African American 583 665 206 186 377a 479
American Indian or Alaska Native 57 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 281 247 202 174 79 72
Two or More Races 109 125 * * 66 80
Hispanic or Latino 1,281 1,279 358 336 923 938
80407
Table 7.87B – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 41.2 40.5 45.5 43.6 38.4 38.4
AGE            
18 32.7a 28.9 36.9 33.7 30.5a 26.6
19 37.2 38.8 41.3 40.9 33.7 36.7
20 39.0 40.3 42.6 44.0 35.8 37.0
21 49.3 50.1 56.5 52.4 44.3 48.4
22 48.9 46.9 51.7 48.8 47.7 46.0
GENDER            
Male 47.8 47.4 52.3 49.9 45.2 46.0
Female 34.3 33.2 39.4 38.1 30.4 29.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 42.5 41.7 46.2 44.5 39.7 39.5
White 48.3 47.4 51.7 51.0 45.6 44.5
Black or African American 20.2 22.2 21.6 18.2 19.6a 24.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 45.1 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 28.4 26.5 32.7 29.0 21.2 22.0
Two or More Races 46.8 40.1 * * 48.7 40.9
Hispanic or Latino 35.3 34.7 39.8 35.9 33.8 34.2
80407
Table 7.88A – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,274 3,096 1,586 1,469 1,689 1,623
AGE            
18 589a 457 269 223 320a 234
19 603 618 341 342 262 276
20 564 647 288 340 277 307
21 836 733 457 359 379 374
22 682 641 231 205 451 432
GENDER            
Male 2,197 2,105 1,001 897 1,196 1,203
Female 1,077 992 584 572 493 419
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,900 2,725 1,467 1,349 1,433 1,376
White 2,639 2,466 1,353 1,250 1,286 1,216
Black or African American 111 149 30 36 80 114
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 9 * * 13 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 58 54 45 36 13 18
Two or More Races 46 39 * * * 16
Hispanic or Latino 375 371 119 121 256 246
80407
Table 7.88B – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 15.6 14.7 19.0 17.2 13.3 12.9
AGE            
18 12.8b 9.6 17.0 14.0 10.6b 7.4
19 14.4 14.1 17.8 15.6 11.6 12.6
20 14.0 15.8 15.4 17.9 12.8 14.0
21 19.5 17.9 25.9a 21.1 15.0 15.7
22 17.3 16.9 18.9 18.1 16.5 16.3
GENDER            
Male 20.2 19.5 25.3 22.8 17.3 17.5
Female 10.6 9.6 13.3 12.4 8.5 7.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.7 15.6 19.7 17.8 14.4 14.0
White 20.2 19.0 23.7 21.6 17.5 16.9
Black or African American 3.8 5.0 3.2 3.5 4.2 5.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.9 8.6 * * 13.0 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.8 5.8 7.2 6.0 3.5 5.4
Two or More Races 19.9 12.6 * * * 8.2
Hispanic or Latino 10.3 10.1 13.3 12.9 9.4 9.0
80407
Table 7.89A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,843 1,843 569 540 1,274 1,304
AGE            
18 519b 381 118 81 401a 300
19 367 420 141 142 226 278
20 392 377 130 122 262 255
21 320 382 104 126 216 257
22 246 284 77 69 170 214
GENDER            
Male 1,139 1,230 325 324 815 905
Female 704 614 245 216 459 398
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,632 1,594 522 489 1,110 1,104
White 1,315 1,233 426 415 889 818
Black or African American 207 243 43 38 164 205
American Indian or Alaska Native 22 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 57 53 42 27 15 26
Two or More Races 20a 43 3 8 18 35
Hispanic or Latino 211 250 47 50 164 200
80407
Table 7.89B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 8.8 8.7 6.8 6.3 10.0 10.4
AGE            
18 11.3b 8.0 7.5 5.1 13.3b 9.5
19 8.8 9.6 7.4 6.4 10.0 12.7
20 9.7 9.2 7.0 6.4 12.1 11.7
21 7.4 9.4 5.9 7.4 8.5 10.8
22 6.2 7.5 6.3 6.1 6.2 8.1
GENDER            
Male 10.5 11.4 8.2 8.2 11.8 13.2
Female 6.9 6.0 5.6 4.7 7.9 7.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.4 9.1 7.0 6.4 11.2 11.2
White 10.1 9.5 7.5 7.2 12.1 11.4
Black or African American 7.2 8.1 4.5 3.7 8.5 10.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.5 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.8 5.7 6.9 4.5 4.0 7.8
Two or More Races 8.8 13.8 2.8 7.1 13.1 17.9
Hispanic or Latino 5.8 6.8 5.2 5.4 6.0 7.3
80407
Table 7.90A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,743 3,647 1,634 1,548 2,109 2,099
AGE            
18 724a 596 281 220 443 376
19 708 756 365 389 343 366
20 682 722 332 337 350 385
21 841 839 407 379 434 460
22 787 734 248 223 539 511
GENDER            
Male 2,228 2,275 865 817 1,363 1,458
Female 1,516 1,371 769 731 746 641
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,264 3,169 1,512 1,401 1,752 1,768
White 2,754 2,683 1,304 1,220 1,450 1,463
Black or African American 259 303 80 95 179 208
American Indian or Alaska Native 28 * * * * 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 135 94 80 58 55 36
Two or More Races 59 59 * * * 38
Hispanic or Latino 480 478 122 147 357 331
80407
Table 7.90B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 17.8 17.3 19.6 18.1 16.6 16.7
AGE            
18 15.8b 12.5 17.8a 13.7 14.7a 11.9
19 17.0 17.2 19.0 17.7 15.2 16.8
20 16.9 17.7 17.8 17.8 16.2 17.6
21 19.6 20.5 23.1 22.2 17.2 19.3
22 19.9 19.4 20.3 19.7 19.8 19.3
GENDER            
Male 20.5 21.0 21.9 20.8 19.8 21.2
Female 14.9a 13.3 17.5 15.9 12.9 11.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 18.7 18.2 20.3 18.4 17.6 18.0
White 21.1 20.6 22.8 21.0 19.7 20.3
Black or African American 9.0 10.1 8.4 9.3 9.3 10.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 22.2 * * * * 13.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 13.6 10.1 12.9 9.7 14.8 10.9
Two or More Races 25.6 18.7 * * * 19.5
Hispanic or Latino 13.2 13.0 13.6 15.7 13.1 12.1
80407
Table 7.91A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4,592 4,521 1,881 1,779 2,711 2,741
AGE            
18 950a 780 312 256 638a 524
19 885 954 431 454 454 501
20 886 909 410 394 476 515
21 981 1,004 442 428 538 575
22 891 873 286 247 606 626
GENDER            
Male 2,733 2,830 993 954 1,740 1,875
Female 1,859 1,691 888 825 971 866
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,026 3,907 1,731 1,610 2,295 2,297
White 3,325 3,220 1,470 1,388 1,856 1,832
Black or African American 386 444 103 117 283 327
American Indian or Alaska Native 40 * * * 32 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 169 122 106 71 63 51
Two or More Races 71 75 * * * 50
Hispanic or Latino 566 613 150 170 416 444
80407
Table 7.91B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 21.8 21.4 22.5 20.9 21.4 21.8
AGE            
18 20.7b 16.4 19.8 16.0 21.2b 16.6
19 21.2 21.8 22.4 20.6 20.2 22.9
20 22.0 22.2 22.0 20.8 22.0 23.5
21 22.8 24.6 25.1 25.1 21.3 24.2
22 22.6 23.0 23.4 21.9 22.2 23.6
GENDER            
Male 25.2 26.2 25.1 24.2 25.2 27.3
Female 18.3a 16.4 20.2 18.0 16.8 15.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 23.1 22.4 23.2 21.2 23.1 23.4
White 25.4 24.8 25.7 23.9 25.3 25.4
Black or African American 13.4 14.8 10.8 11.4 14.7 16.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 31.6 * * * 32.6 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 17.0 13.2 17.2 11.8 16.8 15.6
Two or More Races 30.7 24.1 * * * 25.5
Hispanic or Latino 15.6 16.6 16.7 18.1 15.2 16.2
80407
Table 7.92A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,900 3,813 1,490 1,409 2,410 2,400
AGE            
18 854 834 284 245 569 584
19 839 799 374 377 465 423
20 753 735 319 312 434 423
21 796 779 324 291 472 488
22 659 666 189 184 470 482
GENDER            
Male 1,485 1,456 539 465 946 986
Female 2,415 2,357 951 944 1,464 1,414
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,337 3,288 1,336 1,262 2,001 2,022
White 2,587 2,573 1,008 988 1,580 1,586
Black or African American 454 463 147 143 307 316
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 15 * * 11 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 179 153 128 101 51 52
Two or More Races 68 78 * * 37 52
Hispanic or Latino 563 525 155 147 409 378
80407
Table 7.92B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18.5 18.1 17.8 16.5 19.0 19.1
AGE            
18 18.6 17.5 18.0 15.3 18.9 18.5
19 20.1 18.2 19.4 17.1 20.7 19.4
20 18.7 18.0 17.1 16.4 20.1 19.3
21 18.5 19.1 18.4 17.1 18.7 20.5
22 16.7 17.6 15.5 16.3 17.2 18.1
GENDER            
Male 13.7 13.5 13.6 11.8 13.7 14.4
Female 23.7 22.9 21.6 20.5 25.3 24.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 19.2 18.9 17.9 16.6 20.1 20.6
White 19.8 19.8 17.6 17.0 21.5 22.0
Black or African American 15.7 15.5 15.4 14.0 15.9 16.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 13.5 14.9 * * 11.6 14.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 18.1 16.5 20.8 16.9 13.7 15.8
Two or More Races 29.2 25.1 * * 27.1 26.6
Hispanic or Latino 15.5 14.2 17.2 15.7 15.0 13.8
80407
Table 7.93A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown data for the Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,890 1,769 732 696 1,158 1,073
AGE            
18 381 372 128 139 253 234
19 409 347 175 155 234 192
20 333 328 129 145 204 184
21 417 395 189 151 229 244
22 349 326 110 106 239 221
GENDER            
Male 675 609 250 222 426 387
Female 1,215 1,160 482 474 732 686
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,639 1,537 654 631 985 906
White 1,267 1,223 466 497 801 726
Black or African American 231 209 105 74 127 136
American Indian or Alaska Native 14 8 * * * 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 51 55 38 38 13 16
Two or More Races 45 35 * * * 20
Hispanic or Latino 251 232 78 64 173 167
80407
Table 7.93B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged
18-222
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown data for the Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 9.1 8.5 8.8 8.2 9.2 8.7
AGE            
18 8.4 7.9 8.1 8.7 8.5 7.5
19 9.9 8.0 9.2 7.1 10.5 8.9
20 8.3 8.1 7.0 7.6 9.5 8.5
21 9.8 9.8 10.8 8.9 9.1 10.4
22 8.9 8.7 9.0 9.4 8.8 8.4
GENDER            
Male 6.3 5.7 6.4 5.7 6.3 5.7
Female 12.0 11.4 11.0 10.4 12.8 12.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.5 8.9 8.8 8.4 10.0 9.3
White 9.8 9.5 8.2 8.6 11.0 10.2
Black or African American 8.2 7.1 11.1 7.3 6.7 7.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.4 7.7 * * * 6.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.3 6.0 6.2 6.5 3.7 5.1
Two or More Races 19.7 11.3 * * * 10.1
Hispanic or Latino 7.0 6.4 8.7 6.9 6.4 6.2
80403
Table 7.94A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,245 9,923 30,457 31,358 32,763 33,575
12 8 3 3 3 9 3
13 3 6 10 12 11 13
14 30 27 36 31 38 38
15 71 71 63 80 87 104
16 231 203 217 202 316 277
17 399 373 454 464 594 578
18 644a 502 805a 657 958a 789
19 557 615 808 842 916 973
20 612 633 908 919 1,047 1,044
21 578 626 1,169 1,097 1,275 1,185
22 564 522 1,168 1,051 1,257 1,168
23 500 464 1,126 1,049 1,204 1,131
24 443 404 1,076 987 1,150 1,051
25 374 329 916 851 992 904
26-29 1,351 1,179 3,514 3,291 3,735 3,564
30-34 839 956 3,317 3,406 3,505 3,594
35-39 813 753 3,282 3,389 3,458 3,542
40-44 988 805 3,131 3,326 3,399 3,527
45-49 626 703 3,081 3,199 3,288 3,310
50-54 436 375 2,534 2,902 2,622 2,991
55-59 100 228 1,474 1,883 1,501 2,002
60-64 40 61 751 844 778 889
65 or Older 38 86 615 873 622 897
80403
Table 7.94B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.2 4.0 12.4 12.7 13.3 13.5
12 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
13 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
14 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
15 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.9 2.4
16 5.3 4.6 5.0 4.5 7.3 6.2
17 9.5 9.0 10.8 11.2 14.2 14.0
18 14.0b 10.5 17.5b 13.8 20.9b 16.5
19 13.3 14.0 19.3 19.2 21.9 22.2
20 15.2 15.5 22.5 22.5 26.0 25.5
21 13.5 15.3 27.2 26.8 29.7 29.0
22 14.3 13.8 29.6 27.7 31.8 30.8
23 12.7 11.7 28.5 26.5 30.5 28.6
24 11.3 10.3 27.4 25.1 29.3 26.7
25 9.8 8.8 23.9 22.9 25.9 24.3
26-29 8.2 7.2 21.3 20.1 22.6 21.7
30-34 4.5 5.1 17.8 18.0 18.8 19.0
35-39 3.9 3.6 15.7 16.1 16.5 16.8
40-44 4.4 3.8 14.0 15.7 15.2 16.6
45-49 2.8 3.1 14.0 14.2 14.9 14.7
50-54 2.1 1.7 12.1 13.4 12.6 13.8
55-59 0.6 1.2 8.4 10.2 8.6 10.9
60-64 0.3 0.5 5.6 6.3 5.8 6.7
65 or Older 0.1 0.2 1.7 2.4 1.7 2.5
80403
Table 7.95A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 10,245 9,923 30,457 31,358 32,763 33,575
AGE            
12-17 743 683 783 792 1,055 1,013
18-25 4,272 4,095 7,976b 7,454 8,800b 8,245
26 or Older 5,231 5,145 21,699 23,113 22,908 24,317
GENDER            
Male 6,982 6,885 19,507 19,938 21,007 21,391
Female 3,264 3,038 10,951 11,420 11,756 12,185
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,095 8,957 27,374 28,488 29,476 30,569
White 7,514 7,358 24,027 24,631 25,724 26,309
Black or African American 1,168 1,223 2,215 2,584 2,500 2,921
American Indian or Alaska Native 85 59 192 153 214 157
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 35 22 86 69 92 70
Asian 185 113 627 686 698 708
Two or More Races 109a 182 227a 365 248a 403
Hispanic or Latino 1,151 967 3,084 2,870 3,287 3,006
80403
Table 7.95B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.2 4.0 12.4 12.7 13.3 13.5
AGE            
12-17 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.1 4.2 4.0
18-25 13.0 12.5 24.4b 22.8 26.9b 25.2
26 or Older 2.8 2.7 11.5 12.2 12.2 12.8
GENDER            
Male 5.8 5.7 16.3 16.6 17.6 17.8
Female 2.6 2.4 8.6 9.0 9.3 9.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.3 4.2 12.9 13.3 13.9 14.3
White 4.5 4.4 14.3 14.6 15.3 15.6
Black or African American 4.0 4.2 7.6 8.8 8.6 10.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 6.9 4.6 15.6 12.1 17.3 12.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.7 3.1 9.1 9.8 9.8 9.9
Asian 1.8 1.1 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.7
Two or More Races 4.1 6.6 8.6a 13.3 9.4a 14.7
Hispanic or Latino 3.4 2.8 9.2 8.4 9.8 8.8
80403
Table 7.96A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 9,503 9,240 29,675 30,567 31,708 32,562
GENDER            
Male 6,586 6,486 19,127 19,495 20,473 20,820
Female 2,916 2,754 10,547 11,072 11,235 11,743
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,444 8,356 26,701 27,808 28,558 29,681
White 6,977 6,837 23,430 24,022 24,940 25,522
Black or African American 1,089 1,173 2,164 2,549 2,409 2,861
American Indian or Alaska Native 81 54 188 146 208 149
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 34 21 86 * 92 *
Asian 171 103 619 670 680 691
Two or More Races 92a 169 214a 353 229a 390
Hispanic or Latino 1,058 885 2,973 2,758 3,149 2,882
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,467 1,449 2,704 2,827 3,099 3,224
High School Graduate 3,255 2,955 8,364 7,700 9,124 8,449
Some College 3,075 3,152 8,932 9,478 9,516 10,093
College Graduate 1,706 1,684 9,675 10,562 9,969 10,796
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,770 5,671 21,139 21,910 22,253 23,033
Part-Time 1,545 1,627 4,065 4,149 4,419 4,479
Unemployed 767 618 1,175 1,196 1,384 1,315
Other1 1,421 1,325 3,295 3,311 3,653 3,735
80403
Table 7.96B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.3 4.2 13.4 13.7 14.4 14.6
GENDER            
Male 6.2 6.0 18.0 18.2 19.2 19.4
Female 2.6 2.4 9.2 9.6 9.8 10.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.4 4.3 13.9 14.4 14.9 15.4
White 4.6 4.4 15.3 15.6 16.3 16.6
Black or African American 4.3 4.6 8.6 10.0 9.6 11.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.4 4.9 17.1 13.3 19.0 13.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 4.2 3.2 10.4 * 11.1 *
Asian 1.8 1.1 6.7 7.0 7.3 7.2
Two or More Races 4.2a 7.3 9.7a 15.2 10.3a 16.8
Hispanic or Latino 3.7 3.0 10.3 9.3 10.9 9.7
EDUCATION            
< High School 4.0 4.0 7.4 7.8 8.5 8.9
High School Graduate 4.7 4.3 12.1 11.3 13.2 12.4
Some College 5.6 5.5 16.2 16.5 17.2 17.6
College Graduate 2.9 2.8 16.2 17.4 16.7 17.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.7 4.7 17.4 18.0 18.3 19.0
Part-Time 5.3 5.5 14.1 14.1 15.3 15.2
Unemployed 10.9 8.7 16.7 16.8 19.6 18.5
Other1 2.3 2.1 5.2 5.1 5.8 5.8
120417
Table 7.97A (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 9,508 9,267 29,692 30,675 31,730 32,678
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,714 1,533 5,061 5,116 5,485 5,397
New England 691 551 1,880 1,774 2,058 1,844
Middle Atlantic 1,023 982 3,180 3,341 3,427 3,554
Midwest 2,198 2,269 8,287 8,543 8,743 9,070
East North Central 1,571 1,600 5,453 5,936 5,780 6,320
West North Central 627 670 2,834 2,607 2,963 2,751
South 3,318 3,265 9,580 10,048 10,271 10,803
South Atlantic 1,705 1,729 4,812 5,289 5,180 5,710
East South Central 551 573 1,241 1,329 1,379 1,451
West South Central 1,063 963 3,528 3,430 3,712 3,643
West 2,278 2,199 6,764 6,968 7,231 7,408
Mountain 633 683 2,074 2,226 2,198 2,390
Pacific 1,645 1,516 4,690 4,742 5,033 5,017
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 5,269 4,834 16,253 16,444 17,372 17,420
Small Metro 2,943 3,052 8,731a 9,772 9,367a 10,394
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2,018 2,085 5,776 6,534 6,216 6,950
< 250K Pop. 925 967 2,955 3,238 3,151 3,444
Nonmetro 1,296 1,382 4,708 4,460 4,990 4,864
Urbanized 537 653 1,962 2,103 2,057 2,265
Less Urbanized 622 631 2,206 2,039 2,355 2,240
Completely Rural 137 97 540a 317 578a 359
120417
Table 7.97B (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drug Alcohol Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.3 4.2 13.5 13.8 14.4 14.7
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 4.1 3.7 12.2 12.4 13.3 13.0
New England 6.4 5.1 17.3 16.3 19.0 17.0
Middle Atlantic 3.4 3.2 10.4 10.9 11.2 11.6
Midwest 4.5 4.6 16.9 17.4 17.8 18.4
East North Central 4.6 4.7 15.9 17.3 16.9 18.4
West North Central 4.3 4.5 19.2 17.6 20.1 18.6
South 4.2 4.0 12.0 12.4 12.9 13.4
South Atlantic 4.0 4.0 11.3 12.3 12.2 13.3
East South Central 4.2 4.3 9.5 10.0 10.5 10.9
West South Central 4.4 3.9 14.5 13.9 15.3 14.8
West 4.5 4.3 13.4 13.6 14.3 14.5
Mountain 4.2 4.4 13.7 14.4 14.6 15.5
Pacific 4.7 4.2 13.3 13.3 14.2 14.0
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.4 4.1 13.6 13.8 14.5 14.6
Small Metro 4.7 4.6 13.8 14.6 14.9 15.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 4.9 4.7 14.0 14.7 15.0 15.6
< 250K Pop. 4.3 4.4 13.6 14.6 14.5 15.6
Nonmetro 3.4 3.7 12.4 12.1 13.1 13.2
Urbanized 3.6 4.3 13.3 13.9 14.0 15.0
Less Urbanized 3.2 3.6 11.5 11.6 12.3 12.7
Completely Rural 3.3 2.3 13.1a 7.6 14.0a 8.6
80409
Table 7.98A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 17,876 17,448 1,468 1,439 16,309 15,971
Marijuana and Hashish 13,124 12,762 1,114 1,038 11,919 11,706
Cocaine 2,311 1,972 295 243 2,007 1,727
Crack 689 594 141 92 548 502
Heroin 322a 150 90 34 233 112
Hallucinogens 825 821 90 96 719 725
LSD 99 115 13 11 86 104
PCP 18 32 11 4 * 28
Ecstasy 446 438 39 61 405 377
Inhalants 421 321 60 43 360 277
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 6,251 6,066 555 588 5,678 5,458
Pain Relievers 4,530 4,505 411 391 4,112 4,113
OxyContin® 248 322 37 45 211 276
Tranquilizers 1,640 1,652 183 135 1,457 1,500
Stimulants4 1,214a 926 135 144 1,068a 780
Methamphetamine4 677 496 114 89 561 405
Sedatives 340 312 30 26 310 285
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 8,364 8,089 784 776 7,557 7,290
80409
Table 7.98B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 8.1 7.8 31.9 28.4 7.6 7.4
Marijuana and Hashish 5.9 5.7 24.2 20.5 5.5 5.4
Cocaine 1.0 0.9 6.4 4.8 0.9 0.8
Crack 0.3 0.3 3.1 1.8 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.1a 0.1 2.0 0.7 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 2.0 1.9 0.3 0.3
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 1.3 0.9 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2.8 2.7 12.1 11.6 2.6 2.5
Pain Relievers 2.1 2.0 8.9 7.7 1.9 1.9
OxyContin® 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.7 0.7 4.0 2.7 0.7 0.7
Stimulants4 0.6a 0.4 2.9 2.8 0.5a 0.4
Methamphetamine4 0.3 0.2 2.5 1.7 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 3.8 3.6 17.1 15.3 3.5 3.4
80409
Table 7.99A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 15,680 14,966 1,406 1,375 14,204 13,553
Marijuana and Hashish 11,760 11,382 1,069 1,024 10,629 10,341
Cocaine 2,055 1,737 278 243 1,767 1,492
Crack 530 506 124 92 406 414
Heroin 226 121 90 34 136 83
Hallucinogens 825 810 90 96 719 714
LSD 99 115 13 11 86 104
PCP 18 32 11 4 8 28
Ecstasy 446 438 39 61 405 377
Inhalants 355 262 60 18 295 244
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5,473a 4,897 530 539 4,924a 4,338
Pain Relievers 3,936 3,734 402 365 3,527 3,367
OxyContin® 248 270 37 45 211 223
Tranquilizers 1,509 1,321 175 111 1,334 1,193
Stimulants4 1,069a 822 127 144 931a 676
Methamphetamine4 606a 410 107 89 497a 319
Sedatives 241 208 30 26 211 181
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7,346a 6,695 743 726 6,580a 5,945
80409
Table 7.99B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 11.8 11.3 33.7 30.2 11.0 10.6
Marijuana and Hashish 8.8 8.6 25.6 22.5 8.3 8.1
Cocaine 1.5 1.3 6.7 5.3 1.4 1.2
Crack 0.4 0.4 3.0 2.0 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.2 0.1 2.1 0.8 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.6 0.6 2.2 2.1 0.6 0.6
LSD 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 1.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 4.1a 3.7 12.7 11.8 3.8a 3.4
Pain Relievers 3.0 2.8 9.6 8.0 2.7 2.6
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.0 4.2 2.4 1.0 0.9
Stimulants4 0.8a 0.6 3.0 3.2 0.7a 0.5
Methamphetamine4 0.5a 0.3 2.6 2.0 0.4a 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 5.5a 5.0 17.8 16.0 5.1a 4.6
80409
Table 7.100A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,876 17,448 1,468 1,439 16,309 15,971
AGE            
18-49 15,680 14,966 1,406 1,375 14,204 13,553
18-25 6,482 6,464 700 713 5,757 5,739
26-34 4,181 3,864 388 332 3,780 3,523
35-49 5,016 4,638 318 330 4,668 4,291
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 11,270 11,217 1,122 1,116 10,059 10,084
Male 18-49 9,900 9,596 1,086 1,052 8,753 8,527
Female 18 or Older 6,606 6,231 346 323 6,250 5,888
Female 18-49 5,781 5,369 320 323 5,451 5,026
80409
Table 7.100B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8.1 7.8 31.9 28.4 7.6 7.4
AGE            
18-49 11.8 11.3 33.7 30.2 11.0 10.6
18-25 19.8 19.7 39.7 39.7 18.7 18.6
26-34 11.9 10.9 34.0 27.0 11.2 10.4
35-49 7.7 7.2 25.2 21.6 7.3 6.8
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 10.6 10.4 33.4 30.9 9.8 9.7
Male 18-49 15.0 14.5 35.4 32.2 13.9 13.6
Female 18 or Older 5.8 5.4 27.9 22.2 5.5 5.2
Female 18-49 8.6 8.0 29.0 25.2 8.3 7.7
80410
Table 7.101A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,847 5,758 889 862 4,943 4,882
AGE            
18-49 5,307 5,228 874 810 4,417 4,404
18-25 2,579 2,592 418 437 2,156 2,149
26-34 1,309 1,236 209 178 1,091 1,050
35-49 1,418 1,400 247 195 1,171 1,205
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3,868 3,952 676 666 3,176 3,273
Male 18-49 3,424 3,575 671 614 2,737 2,948
Female 18 or Older 1,979 1,806 213 197 1,767 1,610
Female 18-49 1,883 1,652 203 197 1,680 1,456
80410
Table 7.101B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.7 2.6 19.3 17.0 2.3 2.2
AGE            
18-49 4.0 3.9 21.0 17.8 3.4 3.4
18-25 7.9 7.9 23.7 24.4 7.0 7.0
26-34 3.7 3.5 18.3 14.5 3.2 3.1
35-49 2.2 2.2 19.5 12.7 1.8 1.9
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3.6 3.7 20.2 18.4 3.1 3.2
Male 18-49 5.2 5.4 21.9 18.8 4.4 4.7
Female 18 or Older 1.7 1.6 17.1 13.5 1.6 1.4
Female 18-49 2.8 2.5 18.4 15.3 2.6 2.2
80410
Table 7.102A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,570 20,373 1,823 1,896 18,722 18,429
AGE            
18-49 17,415 17,044 1,715 1,711 15,675 15,286
18-25 6,987 6,769 809 822 6,166 5,934
26-34 4,636 4,434 477 407 4,149 3,997
35-49 5,793 5,842 429 481 5,360 5,356
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13,592 14,004 1,406 1,542 12,163 12,422
Male 18-49 11,166 11,611 1,308 1,369 9,836 10,202
Female 18 or Older 6,979 6,370 417 354 6,559 6,007
Female 18-49 6,249b 5,434 407 342 5,839b 5,084
80410
Table 7.102B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.3 9.2 39.7 37.4 8.7 8.5
AGE            
18-49 13.1 12.8 41.1 37.6 12.2 11.9
18-25 21.3 20.7 45.8 45.8 20.0 19.2
26-34 13.2 12.6 41.8 33.2 12.3 11.8
35-49 8.9 9.0 33.9 31.5 8.4 8.5
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 12.8 13.0 41.9 42.7 11.8 12.0
Male 18-49 16.9 17.6 42.6 41.9 15.7 16.3
Female 18 or Older 6.1a 5.5 33.6a 24.3 5.8 5.3
Female 18-49 9.3b 8.1 37.0a 26.6 8.9b 7.8
80409
Table 7.103A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 17,876 17,448 476 389 17,330 17,015
Marijuana and Hashish 13,124 12,762 317 239 12,741 12,501
Cocaine 2,311 1,972 134 63 2,163 1,900
Crack 689 594 74 48 615 546
Heroin 322a 150 51 9 267 137
Hallucinogens 825 821 29 23 777 798
LSD 99 115 8 3 90 112
PCP 18 32 3 2 16 30
Ecstasy 446 438 5 14 439 425
Inhalants 421 321 * 3 392 318
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6,251 6,066 175 190 6,056 5,855
Pain Relievers 4,530 4,505 108 126 4,413 4,376
OxyContin® 248 322 17 3 231 318
Tranquilizers 1,640 1,652 61 57 1,578 1,579
Stimulants5 1,214a 926 59 46 1,144a 878
Methamphetamine5 677 496 49 29 626 465
Sedatives 340 312 20 12 319 299
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 8,364 8,089 279 209 8,062 7,848
80409
Table 7.103B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 8.1 7.8 29.7 24.1 7.9 7.7
Marijuana and Hashish 5.9 5.7 19.8 14.8 5.8 5.7
Cocaine 1.0 0.9 8.4 3.9 1.0 0.9
Crack 0.3 0.3 4.6 3.0 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.1a 0.1 3.2 0.6 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 1.8 1.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 * 0.2 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 2.8 2.7 10.9 11.8 2.8 2.7
Pain Relievers 2.1 2.0 6.7 7.8 2.0 2.0
OxyContin® 0.1 0.1 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.7 0.7 3.8 3.5 0.7 0.7
Stimulants5 0.6a 0.4 3.7 2.9 0.5a 0.4
Methamphetamine5 0.3 0.2 3.1 1.8 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 1.3 0.8 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 3.8 3.6 17.4 13.0 3.7 3.6
80409
Table 7.104A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 15,680 14,966 461 365 15,149 14,557
Marijuana and Hashish 11,760 11,382 302 239 11,392 11,120
Cocaine 2,055 1,737 127 63 1,914 1,665
Crack 530 506 67 48 463 457
Heroin 226 121 51 9 170 108
Hallucinogens 825 810 29 23 777 788
LSD 99 115 8 3 90 112
PCP 18 32 3 2 16 30
Ecstasy 446 438 5 14 439 425
Inhalants 355 262 * 3 326 259
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 5,473a 4,897 168 166 5,285a 4,710
Pain Relievers 3,936 3,734 108 126 3,819 3,606
OxyContin® 248 270 17 3 231 265
Tranquilizers 1,509 1,321 61 32 1,448 1,271
Stimulants5 1,069a 822 51 46 1,007a 774
Methamphetamine5 606a 410 42 * 562a 379
Sedatives 241 208 20 12 220 195
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7,346a 6,695 264 185 7,058 6,478
80409
Table 7.104B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 11.8 11.3 31.7 26.6 11.5 11.1
Marijuana and Hashish 8.8 8.6 20.7 17.4 8.7 8.5
Cocaine 1.5 1.3 8.7 4.6 1.5 1.3
Crack 0.4 0.4 4.6 3.5 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.2 0.1 3.5 0.7 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.6 0.6 2.0 1.6 0.6 0.6
LSD 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 * 0.2 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 4.1a 3.7 11.5 12.1 4.0a 3.6
Pain Relievers 3.0 2.8 7.4 9.2 2.9 2.7
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.0 4.2 2.4 1.1 1.0
Stimulants5 0.8a 0.6 3.5 3.4 0.8a 0.6
Methamphetamine5 0.5a 0.3 2.9 * 0.4a 0.3
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.9 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 5.5a 5.0 18.1 13.5 5.4 4.9
80409
Table 7.105A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,876 17,448 476 389 17,330 17,015
AGE            
18-49 15,680 14,966 461 365 15,149 14,557
18-25 6,482 6,464 165 159 6,290 6,293
26-34 4,181 3,864 * * 4,000 3,759
35-49 5,016 4,638 * * 4,858 4,504
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 11,270 11,217 383 351 10,824 10,843
Male 18-49 9,900 9,596 376 327 9,461 9,246
Female 18 or Older 6,606 6,231 * 37 6,506 6,173
Female 18-49 5,781 5,369 * 37 5,688 5,311
80409
Table 7.105B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8.1 7.8 29.7 24.1 7.9 7.7
AGE            
18-49 11.8 11.3 31.7 26.6 11.5 11.1
18-25 19.8 19.7 37.1 36.6 19.5 19.5
26-34 11.9 10.9 * * 11.6 10.8
35-49 7.7 7.2 * * 7.5 7.0
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 10.6 10.4 30.6 27.6 10.3 10.2
Male 18-49 15.0 14.5 32.1 28.8 14.6 14.3
Female 18 or Older 5.8 5.4 * 11.0 5.7 5.4
Female 18-49 8.6 8.0 * 16.0 8.5 8.0
80410
Table 7.106A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,847 5,758 298 250 5,533 5,495
AGE            
18-49 5,307 5,228 295 223 4,995 4,992
18-25 2,579 2,592 98 119 2,474 2,468
26-34 1,309 1,236 * * 1,202 1,179
35-49 1,418 1,400 * * 1,319 1,345
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3,868 3,952 222 221 3,629 3,719
Male 18-49 3,424 3,575 219 194 3,188 3,369
Female 18 or Older 1,979 1,806 * 29 1,904 1,777
Female 18-49 1,883 1,652 * 29 1,807 1,623
80410
Table 7.106B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.7 2.6 18.6 15.5 2.5 2.5
AGE            
18-49 4.0 3.9 20.2 16.3 3.8 3.8
18-25 7.9 7.9 22.0 27.4 7.7 7.7
26-34 3.7 3.5 * * 3.5 3.4
35-49 2.2 2.2 * * 2.0 2.1
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3.6 3.7 17.8 17.4 3.5 3.5
Male 18-49 5.2 5.4 18.8 17.1 4.9 5.2
Female 18 or Older 1.7 1.6 * 8.7 1.7 1.5
Female 18-49 2.8 2.5 * 12.5 2.7 2.4
80410
Table 7.107A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,570 20,373 592 600 19,953 19,733
AGE            
18-49 17,415 17,044 573 545 16,816 16,460
18-25 6,987 6,769 186 224 6,787 6,535
26-34 4,636 4,434 * * 4,445 4,269
35-49 5,793 5,842 * * 5,584 5,656
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13,592 14,004 478 521 13,090 13,445
Male 18-49 11,166 11,611 460 466 10,684 11,108
Female 18 or Older 6,979 6,370 * * 6,862 6,288
Female 18-49 6,249b 5,434 * * 6,133b 5,352
80410
Table 7.107B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.3 9.2 36.9 37.2 9.1 8.9
AGE            
18-49 13.1 12.8 39.3 39.7 12.8 12.5
18-25 21.3 20.7 41.9 51.4 21.1 20.3
26-34 13.2 12.6 * * 12.9 12.3
35-49 8.9 9.0 * * 8.6 8.8
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 12.8 13.0 38.3 41.0 12.5 12.7
Male 18-49 16.9 17.6 39.3 41.0 16.5 17.2
Female 18 or Older 6.1a 5.5 * * 6.0a 5.5
Female 18-49 9.3b 8.1 * * 9.2b 8.0
120417
Table 7.108A (REVISED) – No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 20,148 20,147 22,904 22,826 21,164 21,201
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 235 231 277 276 258 250
Asian or Pacific Islander 1,039 1,022 1,105 1,073 1,098 1,052
Asian Only 908 922 966 968 958 948
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 131 * 139 * 139 *
Black or African American 3,331 3,344 3,603 3,621 3,584 3,591
White 15,166 15,121 17,501 17,386 15,831 15,861
Two or More Races 377 430 418 469 393 447
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 3,697 3,787 4,152b 4,287 3,860 3,957
Not Hispanic or Latino 16,451 16,361 18,752a 18,539 17,304 17,244
Black or African American 3,234 3,215 3,496 3,486 3,483 3,460
White 11,791 11,710 13,719 13,514 12,312 12,296
GENDER            
Male 10,299 10,257 11,692 11,595 10,855 10,834
Female 9,848 9,891 11,211 11,231 10,309 10,367
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 3,687 3,753 4,124 4,159 3,937 4,017
100-199% 4,251 4,295 4,733 4,750 4,497 4,553
200% or More 12,210 12,099 14,047 13,917 12,730 12,630
REGION            
Northeast 3,439 3,505 4,040 4,048 3,619 3,651
Midwest 4,515 4,436 5,112 5,078 4,746 4,670
South 7,387 7,384 8,330 8,278 7,752 7,791
West 4,807 4,822 5,422 5,422 5,047 5,089
120417
Table 7.108B (REVISED) – No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 79.3 79.8 90.2 90.4 83.3 84.0
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 73.3 72.6 86.4 86.8 80.4 78.5
Asian or Pacific Islander 87.0 89.2 92.5 93.7 91.9 91.8
Asian Only 87.6 89.4 93.2 93.8 92.4 91.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 83.1 * 88.2 * 88.5 *
Black or African American 83.1 83.6 89.8 90.5 89.4 89.8
White 78.2 78.5 90.2 90.3 81.6 82.3
Two or More Races 79.9 83.9 88.6 91.5 83.4 87.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 81.2 81.1 91.1 91.9 84.7 84.8
Not Hispanic or Latino 79.0 79.5 90.0 90.1 83.1 83.8
Black or African American 83.1 83.5 89.8 90.5 89.5 89.9
White 77.3 77.8 89.9 89.8 80.7 81.7
GENDER            
Male 79.4 79.6 90.2 89.9 83.7 84.0
Female 79.3 80.1 90.2 90.9 83.0 83.9
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 79.9 81.3 89.4 90.1 85.3 87.0
100-199% 80.3 81.1 89.5 89.6 85.0 85.9
200% or More 78.8 79.0 90.7 90.8 82.2 82.4
REGION            
Northeast 76.2a 78.6 89.5 90.8 80.2 81.9
Midwest 79.6 79.0 90.1 90.4 83.7 83.2
South 80.7 80.9 91.0 90.7 84.7 85.3
West 79.4 79.9 89.5 89.8 83.3 84.3
120417
Table 7.109A (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10B and 26-11D (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 2,488 2,415 1,695 1,693 2,621 2,457
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 44 42 28 28 37 53
Asian or Pacific Islander 89 73 46 48 71 55
Asian Only 70 64 33 44 59 53
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 19 * 12 4 12a 2
Black or African American 408 379 263 234 200 174
White 1,894 1,878 1,321 1,350 2,260 2,142
Two or More Races 54 43 37 34 53a 33
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 404 380 265 267 425 436
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,084 2,035 1,431 1,426 2,197a 2,022
Black or African American 398 364 253 222 193 164
White 1,533 1,537 1,089 1,110 1,878 1,744
GENDER            
Male 1,277 1,296 893 973 1,394 1,372
Female 1,211 1,119 802 721 1,228a 1,086
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 490 459 304 301 408 383
100-199% 557 549 373 370 510 451
200% or More 1,441 1,407 1,018 1,022 1,703 1,624
REGION            
Northeast 473 410 357 328 553a 462
Midwest 559 537 387 388 576 603
South 822 851 510 565 828 825
West 634 617 441 412 664 567
120417
Table 7.109B (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10B and 26-11D (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 9.8 9.6 6.7 6.7 10.3 9.7
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 13.6 13.2 8.7 8.6 11.6 16.6
Asian or Pacific Islander 7.5 6.3 3.8 4.2 5.9 4.8
Asian Only 6.8 6.2 3.2 4.3 5.7 5.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 11.8 * 7.9 3.8 7.5a 1.9
Black or African American 10.2 9.5 6.6 5.8 5.0 4.4
White 9.8 9.7 6.8 7.0 11.7 11.1
Two or More Races 11.4 8.5 7.8 6.5 11.2a 6.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.1 5.8 5.7 9.3 9.3
Not Hispanic or Latino 10.0 9.9 6.9 6.9 10.5 9.8
Black or African American 10.2 9.5 6.5 5.8 4.9 4.3
White 10.1 10.2 7.1 7.4 12.3 11.6
GENDER            
Male 9.8 10.1 6.9 7.5 10.7 10.6
Female 9.8 9.1 6.5 5.8 9.9a 8.8
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 10.6 9.9 6.6 6.5 8.9 8.3
100-199% 10.5 10.4 7.0 7.0 9.6 8.5
200% or More 9.3 9.2 6.6 6.7 11.0 10.6
REGION            
Northeast 10.5 9.2 7.9 7.4 12.3a 10.4
Midwest 9.9 9.6 6.8 6.9 10.2 10.7
South 9.0 9.3 5.6 6.2 9.1 9.0
West 10.5 10.2 7.3 6.8 11.0 9.4
80403
Table 7.110A – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10C and 26-11C (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 17,876 17,448 13,124 12,762 53,961 55,331
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 204 181 155 111 607 585
Asian or Pacific Islander 370 458 222 260 1,437 1,562
Asian Only 304 384 165 235 1,175 1,299
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 65 75 57a 25 262 263
Black or African American 2,574 2,479 1,970 1,948 5,522 5,559
White 14,518 14,029 10,599 10,178 45,738 46,914
Two or More Races 211 300 177 265 657 710
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 1,916 1,879 1,111 1,280 7,556 7,576
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,960 15,569 12,013 11,483 46,405 47,755
Black or African American 2,448 2,414 1,889 1,896 5,366 5,425
White 12,819 12,304 9,645 8,998 38,736 39,916
GENDER            
Male 11,270 11,217 8,762 8,646 35,910 36,762
Female 6,606 6,231 4,362 4,116 18,051 18,569
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 3,024 2,868 2,177 2,015 6,386 6,510
100-199% 3,832 3,420 2,804 2,571 9,917a 8,981
200% or More 10,810 10,960 7,973 7,990 37,127a 39,331
EDUCATION            
< High School 3,389 3,393 2,339 2,481 8,502 8,414
High School Graduate 5,923 5,860 4,483 4,336 17,892 17,732
Some College/College Graduate 8,563 8,195 6,301 5,945 27,567 29,185
80403
Table 7.110B – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10C and 26-11C (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 8.1 7.8 5.9 5.7 24.5 24.9
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.2 8.8 7.7 5.4 30.3 28.6
Asian or Pacific Islander 3.6 4.4 2.2 2.5 14.0 14.9
Asian Only 3.3 4.0 1.8 2.4 12.6 13.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 6.7 8.8 5.9 2.9 27.0 31.1
Black or African American 10.0 9.5 7.7 7.5 21.5 21.4
White 8.1 7.7 5.9 5.6 25.4 25.9
Two or More Races 7.9 11.0 6.6 9.7 24.6 25.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 6.6 6.4 3.8 4.3 26.2 25.6
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.3 8.1 6.3 5.9 24.2 24.7
Black or African American 9.7 9.5 7.5 7.5 21.3 21.4
White 8.4 8.0 6.3 5.8 25.3 25.9
GENDER            
Male 10.6 10.4 8.2 8.1 33.8 34.2
Female 5.8 5.4 3.8 3.6 15.8 16.1
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 11.8 11.2 8.5 7.9 24.9 25.5
100-199% 9.0 8.6 6.6 6.4 23.2 22.5
200% or More 7.2 7.0 5.3 5.1 24.6 25.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 9.2 9.3 6.4 6.8 23.2 23.2
High School Graduate 8.6 8.6 6.5 6.4 25.9 26.0
Some College/College Graduate 7.5 6.9 5.5 5.0 24.0 24.7
120417
Table 7.111A (REVISED) – Inhalant Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic INHALANT USE IN PAST YEAR
2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,109 995
RACE1    
American Indian or Alaska Native 18 14
Asian or Pacific Islander 34 23
Asian Only 30 21
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 4 1
Black or African American 113 97
White 919 841
Two or More Races 25 20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
Hispanic or Latino 211 189
Not Hispanic or Latino 898 806
Black or African American 112 94
White 727 665
GENDER    
Male 520 501
Female 589a 494
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2    
Less Than 100% 185 191
100-199% 288b 180
200% or More 636 624
REGION    
Northeast 180 150
Midwest 229 226
South 414 350
West 286 268
120417
Table 7.111B (REVISED) – Inhalant Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic INHALANT USE IN PAST YEAR
2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 4.4 3.9
RACE1    
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.5 4.5
Asian or Pacific Islander 2.9 2.0
Asian Only 2.9 2.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 2.6 1.2
Black or African American 2.8 2.4
White 4.7 4.4
Two or More Races 5.4 3.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
Hispanic or Latino 4.6 4.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.3 3.9
Black or African American 2.9 2.4
White 4.8 4.4
GENDER    
Male 4.0 3.9
Female 4.7a 4.0
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2    
Less Than 100% 4.0 4.1
100-199% 5.4b 3.4
200% or More 4.1 4.1
REGION    
Northeast 4.0 3.4
Midwest 4.0 4.0
South 4.5 3.8
West 4.7 4.4
120417
Table 7.112A (REVISED) – Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 13, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic LIFETIME USE
Marijuana Use Alcohol Use Cigarette Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-9 and 27-4A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 246 219 1,230 1,174 721 648
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 4 * 21 15 11 15
Asian or Pacific Islander * 2 29 29 6 13
Asian Only * 1 27 27 3 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 39 32 189 215 97 91
White 194 169 962 879 593 511
Two or More Races 8 7 29 36 14 17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 74 48 226 215 142 112
Not Hispanic or Latino 173 171 1,004 959 579 536
Black or African American 37 30 182 211 94 88
White 125 129 756 682 460 414
GENDER            
Male 130 116 651 622 355 345
Female 116 103 579 553 366 303
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 79 61 245 250 180 173
100-199% 90 64 324 300 222 173
200% or More 78 94 661 625 319 302
REGION            
Northeast 35 19 214 167 88 70
Midwest 50 45 301 258 184 159
South 101 90 467 469 306 301
West 61 64 248 280 143 118
120417
Table 7.112B (REVISED) – Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 13, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic LIFETIME USE
Marijuana Use Alcohol Use Cigarette Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-9 and 27-4A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3.1 2.7 15.3 14.4 9.0 8.0
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.4 * 21.5 16.2 11.5 15.5
Asian or Pacific Islander * 0.6 8.4 8.0 1.6 3.7
Asian Only * 0.3 8.9 8.2 0.9 3.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 3.1 2.4 15.2 16.0 7.8 6.8
White 3.1 2.7 15.5 14.3 9.6 8.3
Two or More Races 4.8 3.6 18.1 19.3 8.9 9.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 4.9 3.2 14.9 14.2 9.4 7.4
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.6 15.4 14.5 8.9 8.1
Black or African American 3.1 2.3 15.2 16.2 7.8 6.8
White 2.6 2.7 15.7 14.2 9.6 8.6
GENDER            
Male 3.2 2.8 15.9 15.1 8.7 8.4
Female 2.9 2.6 14.6 13.7 9.3a 7.5
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 5.1 3.9 15.9 15.8 11.6 10.9
100-199% 5.1 3.6 18.3 16.8 12.5a 9.7
200% or More 1.6 2.0 14.0 13.1 6.8 6.3
REGION            
Northeast 2.5 1.4 15.4 12.0 6.3 5.0
Midwest 2.7 2.5 16.1 14.4 9.8 8.9
South 3.5 3.1 16.1 15.8 10.5 10.2
West 3.2 3.2 13.2 14.0 7.6 5.9
120417
Table 7.113A (REVISED) – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month1 Use Cocaine Once a Month1 Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week1
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17B, 26-17C, and 26-17A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 8,664 8,549 12,193 12,234 9,868 9,797
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 106 109 125 154 123 127
Asian or Pacific Islander 391 431 521 486 560 534
Asian Only 323 380 436 424 473 478
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 68 * * * 88 *
Black or African American 1,359 1,363 2,105 2,136 1,971 1,965
White 6,675 6,478 9,225 9,200 7,037 6,961
Two or More Races 133a 169 216 259 177 210
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 1,618 1,587 2,053 2,068 1,837 1,863
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,046 6,962 10,139 10,166 8,031 7,933
Black or African American 1,312 1,317 2,051 2,067 1,905 1,897
White 5,200 5,053 7,350 7,331 5,388 5,299
GENDER            
Male 4,089 4,094 6,204 6,226 4,643 4,597
Female 4,575 4,456 5,989 6,007 5,225 5,200
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 1,594 1,625 2,269 2,231 1,992 1,915
100-199% 1,915 1,801 2,535 2,613 2,160 2,187
200% or More 5,155 5,123 7,388 7,389 5,716 5,695
REGION            
Northeast 1,392 1,391 2,154 2,051 1,659 1,696
Midwest 2,016 1,973 2,728 2,724 2,111 2,028
South 3,289 3,276 4,560 4,654 3,744 3,765
West 1,967 1,908 2,751 2,805 2,354 2,308
120417
Table 7.113B (REVISED) – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month1 Use Cocaine Once a Month1 Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week1
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2007 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17B, 26-17C, and 26-17A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 34.6 34.4 49.0 49.6 39.3 39.3
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 33.4 35.4 39.9a 50.4 38.6 41.3
Asian or Pacific Islander 33.2 38.3 44.9 43.6 47.7 47.6
Asian Only 31.6 37.5 43.4 42.5 46.5 47.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 43.5 * * * 56.0 *
Black or African American 34.6 34.7 53.8 54.9 50.0 50.1
White 34.9 34.1 48.4 48.7 36.6 36.5
Two or More Races 28.5 33.3 46.7 51.6 37.9 41.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 36.0 34.8 45.8 45.7 40.9 40.7
Not Hispanic or Latino 34.3 34.3 49.7 50.4 38.9 39.0
Black or African American 34.4 34.8 54.0 55.2 49.7 50.2
White 34.6 34.0 49.1 49.6 35.6 35.5
GENDER            
Male 32.0 32.3 48.9 49.6 36.2 36.2
Female 37.4 36.6 49.0 49.5 42.5 42.5
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 35.2 36.0 50.5 49.8 43.8 42.2
100-199% 36.8 34.5 48.8 50.6 41.3 41.9
200% or More 33.8 33.9 48.6 49.1 37.2 37.5
REGION            
Northeast 31.3 31.7 48.7 47.0 37.2 38.4
Midwest 36.2 35.6 49.1 49.4 37.7 36.5
South 36.5 36.4 50.8 52.1 41.4 41.7
West 32.9 32.2 46.2 47.7 39.2 38.8
80403
Table 7.114A – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Either Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-18 and 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 1,576 1,343 1,557 1,567 2,537 2,412
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 12 25 * 37 *
Asian or Pacific Islander 20 * 21a 1 39 *
Asian Only 16 * * 0 28 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 361 249 242 283 460 501
White 1,155 1,024 1,246 1,200 1,970 1,773
Two or More Races 24 36 23 * 31 *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 304b 91 330a 130 511b 177
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,272 1,253 1,227 1,437 2,026 2,235
Black or African American 299 245 208 279 395 494
White 919 943 961 1,093 1,540 1,626
GENDER            
Male 979 917 1,023 1,142 1,625 1,703
Female 597a 427 534 425 913 709
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 524 387 454 448 740 670
100-199% 361 272 363 300 583 497
200% or More 689 682 733 817 1,207 1,240
AGE GROUP            
12-17 136 111 101 82 181 150
18 or Older 1,440 1,232 1,456 1,485 2,356 2,262
80403
Table 7.114B – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Either Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-18 and 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 6.7 5.8 6.6 6.8 10.8 10.4
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.3 4.1 6.4 * 9.5 *
Asian or Pacific Islander 3.4 * 3.5a 0.2 6.6 *
Asian Only 3.6 * * 0.1 6.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 12.2 9.0 8.2 10.2 15.6 18.1
White 6.0 5.3 6.5 6.3 10.2 9.3
Two or More Races 6.2 9.7 6.1 * 8.2 *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 8.5b 3.1 9.3a 4.4 14.3b 6.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.4 6.2 6.1 7.1 10.1 11.0
Black or African American 10.7 9.0 7.4 10.3 14.2 18.2
White 5.7 5.7 6.0 6.6 9.6 9.9
GENDER            
Male 6.4 5.9 6.7 7.3 10.7 10.9
Female 7.1 5.6 6.4 5.6 10.9 9.3
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 13.0 10.7 11.2 12.4 18.3 18.5
100-199% 7.7 6.5 7.8 7.2 12.5 11.9
200% or More 4.7 4.5 5.0 5.4 8.3 8.2
AGE GROUP            
12-17 6.5 5.6 4.8 4.1 8.7 7.6
18 or Older 6.7 5.8 6.8 7.0 11.0 10.7
80623
Table 7.115B – Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates of Substance Use Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Use Prior to the Age of 18, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic MEAN AGE
Alcohol Marijuana Cigarettes
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-9a, 26-9b, and 27-4a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 14.9 14.9 15.2 15.3 15.0 15.0
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.5 14.8 14.9 14.8 14.5 14.4
Asian or Pacific Islander 15.5a 14.8 15.5 15.3 15.0 15.7
Asian Only 15.5 14.9 15.5 15.4 15.0 15.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 14.8 14.4 * * * *
Black or African American 15.0 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.0 15.0
White 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.3 15.0 15.0
Two or More Races 14.4 14.8 15.7a 14.8 14.9 14.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 14.9 14.9 15.1 15.3 14.9 15.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.9 14.9 15.2 15.3 15.0 15.0
Black or African American 15.1 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.0 15.0
White 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.3 15.0 15.0
GENDER            
Male 14.9 15.0 15.3 15.3 15.1 15.0
Female 14.9 14.9 15.2 15.3 14.8 15.0
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 14.9 14.9 15.1 14.9 14.9 14.8
100-199% 14.7 14.8 14.9 15.1 14.5 14.8
200% or More 14.9 14.9 15.3 15.4 15.1 15.1

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