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90331
Table 1.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 114,275a 117,325 35,692 35,525 19,857 20,077
Marijuana and Hashish 100,518 102,404 25,085 25,768 14,448 15,203
Cocaine 35,882 36,773 5,738 5,255 2,075 1,855
Crack 8,581 8,445 1,451a 1,109 610b 359
Heroin 3,780 3,788 366 453 153 213
Hallucinogens 34,215a 35,963 3,762 3,678 996 1,060
LSD 22,656 23,547 620a 802 145 154
PCP 6,140 6,631 137 99 41 24
Ecstasy 12,426 12,924 2,132 2,139 503 555
Inhalants 22,477 22,274 2,080 2,047 616 640
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 50,415 51,970 16,280a 15,166 6,895a 6,224
Pain Relievers 33,060a 34,861 12,466 11,885 5,174 4,747
OxyContin® 4,354 4,842 1,422 1,459 369 435
Tranquilizers 20,208 21,476 5,282 5,103 1,835 1,800
Stimulants3 21,654 21,206 2,998 2,639 1,053 904
Methamphetamine3 13,065 12,598 1,343b 850 529a 314
Sedatives 8,396 8,882 864a 621 346 234
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 73,494 75,573 21,144 19,990 9,270 8,565
90721
Table 1.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.1 47.0 14.4 14.2 8.0 8.0
Marijuana and Hashish 40.6 41.0 10.1 10.3 5.8 6.1
Cocaine 14.5 14.7 2.3 2.1 0.8 0.7
Crack 3.5 3.4 0.6a 0.4 0.2b 0.1
Heroin 1.5 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 13.8 14.4 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.4
LSD 9.1 9.4 0.3a 0.3 0.1 0.1
PCP 2.5 2.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 5.0 5.2 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 9.1 8.9 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.3 20.8 6.6a 6.1 2.8a 2.5
Pain Relievers 13.3 14.0 5.0 4.8 2.1 1.9
OxyContin® 1.8 1.9 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.6 2.1 2.0 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 8.7 8.5 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 5.3 5.0 0.5b 0.3 0.2a 0.1
Sedatives 3.4 3.6 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.7 30.3 8.5a 8.0 3.7 3.4
90331
Table 1.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or 13: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,072 1,031 635 666 270 254
Marijuana and Hashish 218 237 161 195 75 74
Cocaine 20 16 16 9 6 1
Crack 5 * 3 * * *
Heroin 2 2 2 2 * *
Hallucinogens 65 72 45 55 19 22
LSD 14 9 8 7 1 *
PCP 8 9 3 8 * 4
Ecstasy 17 22 9 19 1 4
Inhalants 663 630 304 330 91 94
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 433 417 257 272 118 114
Pain Relievers 334 350 217 233 97 96
OxyContin® 14 17 11 14 * *
Tranquilizers 51 39 30 18 16 5
Stimulants3 74 67 41 39 12 14
Methamphetamine3 12 21 6 9 2 1
Sedatives 39 37 8 18 4 7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 960 913 533 551 214 204
90721
Table 1.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or 13: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 13.2 13.2 7.8 8.6 3.3 3.3
Marijuana and Hashish 2.7 3.0 2.0 2.5 0.9 1.0
Cocaine 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
Crack 0.1 * 0.0 * * *
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * *
Hallucinogens 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3
LSD 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 *
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 8.1 8.1 3.7 4.2 1.1 1.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.3 5.4 3.2 3.5 1.4 1.5
Pain Relievers 4.1 4.5 2.7 3.0 1.2 1.2
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 * *
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1
Stimulants3 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.2
Methamphetamine3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 11.8 11.7 6.5 7.1 2.6 2.6
90331
Table 1.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 14 or 15: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,159 2,122 1,546 1,497 762 731
Marijuana and Hashish 1,197 1,237 951 978 488 483
Cocaine 103 101 86 81 18 31
Crack 27 23 24 12 5 3
Heroin 17 23 10 13 * 2
Hallucinogens 280 263 201 201 51a 86
LSD 61 65 42 45 13 15
PCP 39 39 29 24 4 2
Ecstasy 140 138 103 104 16 39
Inhalants 917 877 389 376 115 112
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 966 860 707a 595 291 252
Pain Relievers 809 737 569 518 218 200
OxyContin® 90 94 68 65 12 15
Tranquilizers 212 192 164 137 64 53
Stimulants3 229 202 139 126 50 47
Methamphetamine3 80a 47 45 29 11 11
Sedatives 71 69 44 47 16 7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,597 1,511 1,015 941 411 399
90721
Table 1.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 14 or 15: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 25.3 25.1 18.2 17.7 8.9 8.6
Marijuana and Hashish 14.1 14.6 11.2 11.6 5.7 5.7
Cocaine 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.4
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 3.3 3.1 2.4 2.4 0.6a 1.0
LSD 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.2 0.2a 0.5
Inhalants 10.8 10.4 4.6 4.4 1.4 1.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 11.3 10.2 8.3a 7.0 3.4 3.0
Pain Relievers 9.5 8.7 6.7 6.1 2.6 2.4
OxyContin® 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 2.5 2.3 1.9 1.6 0.7 0.6
Stimulants3 2.7 2.4 1.6 1.5 0.6 0.6
Methamphetamine3 0.9a 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 18.7 17.9 11.9 11.1 4.8 4.7
90331
Table 1.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 16 or 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,390 3,367 2,545 2,563 1,377 1,318
Marijuana and Hashish 2,668 2,634 2,035 2,065 1,122 1,099
Cocaine 418 354 281a 215 79 65
Crack 74 56 38 21 10 4
Heroin 35 42 12 27 3 11
Hallucinogens 550a 637 381 433 105 135
LSD 125b 194 75b 131 15a 35
PCP 57 55 23 29 5 8
Ecstasy 290a 371 216 231 48 62
Inhalants 842 801 301 273 89 63
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,549 1,495 1,069 1,046 420a 344
Pain Relievers 1,309 1,259 894 858 354a 270
OxyContin® 256 229 153 144 35 35
Tranquilizers 485 488 312 327 102 91
Stimulants3 430 400 235 208 66 53
Methamphetamine3 130 127 67 56 20 17
Sedatives 104 97 59 48 14 21
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,081 2,063 1,366 1,358 556 487
90721
Table 1.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 16 or 17: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 39.5 38.9 29.6 29.6 16.0 15.2
Marijuana and Hashish 31.1 30.4 23.7 23.9 13.1 12.7
Cocaine 4.9 4.1 3.3a 2.5 0.9 0.7
Crack 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 6.4a 7.4 4.4 5.0 1.2 1.6
LSD 1.5b 2.2 0.9b 1.5 0.2a 0.4
PCP 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 3.4a 4.3 2.5 2.7 0.6 0.7
Inhalants 9.8 9.3 3.5 3.2 1.0 0.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 18.0 17.3 12.5 12.1 4.9a 4.0
Pain Relievers 15.2 14.6 10.4 9.9 4.1b 3.1
OxyContin® 3.0 2.7 1.8 1.7 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 5.6 5.6 3.6 3.8 1.2 1.1
Stimulants3 5.0 4.6 2.7 2.4 0.8 0.6
Methamphetamine3 1.5 1.5 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 24.2 23.9 15.9 15.7 6.5 5.6
90331
Table 1.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 20: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,904 6,823 4,759 4,802 2,862 2,845
Marijuana and Hashish 6,008 5,962 4,011 4,090 2,429 2,465
Cocaine 1,442 1,441 822 764 230 211
Crack 243 243 92 89 23 22
Heroin 133 147 48 56 16 26
Hallucinogens 1,855 1,874 982 1,085 241 302
LSD 505 569 211a 280 51 43
PCP 138 135 31 18 5 1
Ecstasy 1,145 1,233 583 668 112a 176
Inhalants 1,191 1,240 306 320 67 67
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,544 3,323 2,128 2,012 850 790
Pain Relievers 2,962 2,863 1,719 1,635 679 639
OxyContin® 575 618 242 272 69 59
Tranquilizers 1,385 1,345 729 740 220 230
Stimulants3 1,138 1,025 505 479 135 131
Methamphetamine3 535b 357 182b 99 35 16
Sedatives 185 172 70 72 27 9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,456 4,203 2,739 2,623 1,153 1,108
90721
Table 1.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 20: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 52.2 51.6 36.0 36.3 21.6 21.5
Marijuana and Hashish 45.4 45.1 30.3 30.9 18.4 18.7
Cocaine 10.9 10.9 6.2 5.8 1.7 1.6
Crack 1.8 1.8 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2
Heroin 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 14.0 14.2 7.4 8.2 1.8 2.3
LSD 3.8 4.3 1.6a 2.1 0.4 0.3
PCP 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 8.7 9.3 4.4 5.1 0.8a 1.3
Inhalants 9.0 9.4 2.3 2.4 0.5 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 26.8 25.1 16.1 15.2 6.4 6.0
Pain Relievers 22.4 21.7 13.0 12.4 5.1 4.8
OxyContin® 4.3 4.7 1.8 2.1 0.5 0.4
Tranquilizers 10.5 10.2 5.5 5.6 1.7 1.7
Stimulants3 8.6 7.8 3.8 3.6 1.0 1.0
Methamphetamine3 4.0b 2.7 1.4b 0.8 0.3 0.1
Sedatives 1.4 1.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 33.7 31.8 20.7 19.8 8.7 8.4
90331
Table 1.6A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 21 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11,891 11,821 6,105 6,218 3,602 3,620
Marijuana and Hashish 10,612 10,631 4,974 4,998 2,949 2,961
Cocaine 3,475 3,289 1,263a 1,056 343 295
Crack 737 661 156 124 34 31
Heroin 361 310 94 90 31 48
Hallucinogens 4,432b 3,962 1,066 1,024 233 248
LSD 1,869b 1,576 163 223 19b 54
PCP 401 378 27 12 10 4
Ecstasy 3,046a 2,760 571 618 117 128
Inhalants 2,499b 2,171 220 213 63 37
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,246 6,303 2,785 2,856 1,099 1,154
Pain Relievers 5,166 5,179 2,251 2,306 838 862
OxyContin® 1,130 1,118 324 325 87 70
Tranquilizers 2,761 2,688 970 1,016 351 339
Stimulants3 2,435 2,435 629 634 217 216
Methamphetamine3 1,309 1,187 222 170 80 58
Sedatives 398 334 101 103 45 55
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,099 7,861 3,631 3,604 1,489 1,478
90721
Table 1.6B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 21 to 25: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 61.0 59.9 31.3 31.5 18.5 18.4
Marijuana and Hashish 54.4 53.9 25.5 25.3 15.1 15.0
Cocaine 17.8 16.7 6.5b 5.4 1.8 1.5
Crack 3.8 3.4 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2
Heroin 1.8 1.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 22.7b 20.1 5.5 5.2 1.2 1.3
LSD 9.6b 8.0 0.8 1.1 0.1b 0.3
PCP 2.1 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Ecstasy 15.6b 14.0 2.9 3.1 0.6 0.6
Inhalants 12.8b 11.0 1.1 1.1 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 32.0 32.0 14.3 14.5 5.6 5.8
Pain Relievers 26.5 26.3 11.5 11.7 4.3 4.4
OxyContin® 5.8 5.7 1.7 1.6 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 14.2 13.6 5.0 5.1 1.8 1.7
Stimulants3 12.5 12.3 3.2 3.2 1.1 1.1
Methamphetamine3 6.7 6.0 1.1 0.9 0.4 0.3
Sedatives 2.0 1.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 41.5a 39.9 18.6 18.3 7.6 7.5
90331
Table 1.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 to 34: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,977 20,728 6,973 7,041 3,864 3,996
Marijuana and Hashish 17,748 18,292 4,952 5,298 2,799 3,128
Cocaine 5,857 5,963 1,261 1,421 499 549
Crack 1,554 1,696 204 259 96 92
Heroin 621 663 61 116 37 33
Hallucinogens 7,754 7,896 822a 596 231 214
LSD 5,386 5,051 108 75 45 7
PCP 893 746 22 7 16 6
Ecstasy 4,494 4,699 525 381 142 133
Inhalants 4,927 4,570 232 175 69 43
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9,591 9,986 3,203 2,977 1,238 1,128
Pain Relievers 7,193 7,599 2,452 2,357 986 869
OxyContin® 1,008a 1,328 269 321 39a 122
Tranquilizers 3,896 4,348 1,146 1,107 359 354
Stimulants3 3,813 3,988 580 575 160 240
Methamphetamine3 2,652 2,568 319 210 87 94
Sedatives 639 734 131 129 65 26
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13,747 13,696 4,164 3,982 1,757 1,655
90721
Table 1.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 to 34: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 56.6 58.2 19.8 19.8 10.9 11.2
Marijuana and Hashish 50.3 51.3 14.0 14.9 7.9 8.8
Cocaine 16.6 16.7 3.6 4.0 1.4 1.5
Crack 4.4 4.8 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3
Heroin 1.8 1.9 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 22.0 22.2 2.3a 1.7 0.7 0.6
LSD 15.3 14.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0
PCP 2.5 2.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 12.7 13.2 1.5 1.1 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 14.0 12.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 27.2 28.0 9.1 8.4 3.5 3.2
Pain Relievers 20.4 21.3 6.9 6.6 2.8 2.4
OxyContin® 2.9a 3.7 0.8 0.9 0.1a 0.3
Tranquilizers 11.0 12.2 3.2 3.1 1.0 1.0
Stimulants3 10.8 11.2 1.6 1.6 0.5 0.7
Methamphetamine3 7.5 7.2 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 1.8 2.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 38.9 38.4 11.8 11.2 5.0 4.6
90331
Table 1.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 35 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 68,881a 71,433 13,129 12,737 7,120 7,311
Marijuana and Hashish 62,067 63,411 8,001 8,145 4,585 4,991
Cocaine 24,566 25,609 2,010 1,709 900 701
Crack 5,941 5,765 933a 603 442b 208
Heroin 2,611 2,600 139 150 65 92
Hallucinogens 19,278b 21,259 265 284 115 55
LSD 14,696a 16,082 13 41 * *
PCP 4,604 5,270 * * * *
Ecstasy 3,295 3,701 124 118 67 13
Inhalants 11,438 11,985 329 361 122 225
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 28,086 29,586 6,131 5,408 2,879 2,442
Pain Relievers 15,288a 16,874 4,363 3,978 2,002 1,809
OxyContin® 1,281 1,438 355 316 128 134
Tranquilizers 11,417 12,377 1,931 1,758 722 727
Stimulants3 13,535 13,088 867a 577 413a 203
Methamphetamine3 8,346 8,292 503a 277 292a 118
Sedatives 6,960 7,439 449b 205 175 108
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 42,554a 45,325 7,696 6,930 3,690 3,233
90721
Table 1.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 35 or Older: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 44.6 45.7 8.5 8.1 4.6 4.7
Marijuana and Hashish 40.2 40.6 5.2 5.2 3.0 3.2
Cocaine 15.9 16.4 1.3 1.1 0.6 0.4
Crack 3.8 3.7 0.6a 0.4 0.3b 0.1
Heroin 1.7 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 12.5a 13.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
LSD 9.5 10.3 0.0 0.0 * *
PCP 3.0 3.4 * * * *
Ecstasy 2.1 2.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 7.4 7.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 18.2 18.9 4.0 3.5 1.9 1.6
Pain Relievers 9.9a 10.8 2.8 2.5 1.3 1.2
OxyContin® 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 7.4 7.9 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.5
Stimulants3 8.8 8.4 0.6a 0.4 0.3a 0.1
Methamphetamine3 5.4 5.3 0.3a 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Sedatives 4.5 4.8 0.3b 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 27.5a 29.0 5.0 4.4 2.4 2.1
90331
Table 1.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Males: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 60,913 62,169 20,907 19,863 12,508 11,986
Marijuana and Hashish 54,349 54,885 15,634 15,103 9,614 9,565
Cocaine 21,467 21,429 3,719 3,239 1,438 1,217
Crack 5,863 5,251 1,047a 740 457a 262
Heroin 2,765 2,389 287 281 128 140
Hallucinogens 20,629 21,157 2,481 2,284 684 681
LSD 14,459 14,436 452a 582 117 116
PCP 4,062 4,025 87 61 38 16
Ecstasy 7,011 7,025 1,327 1,197 313 317
Inhalants 14,285 14,029 1,333 1,266 393 436
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 26,442 27,179 8,674b 7,673 3,907b 3,096
Pain Relievers 18,092 18,913 6,890 6,373 3,067b 2,469
OxyContin® 2,756 2,839 830 881 216 298
Tranquilizers 10,412 10,955 2,621 2,331 908 806
Stimulants3 11,964 11,461 1,486 1,232 473 439
Methamphetamine3 7,547 7,304 722b 447 278 175
Sedatives 4,748 4,867 480a 268 191 85
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 40,236 40,768 11,872a 10,812 5,530b 4,697
90721
Table 1.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Males: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 50.6 51.3 17.4a 16.4 10.4 9.9
Marijuana and Hashish 45.2 45.3 13.0 12.5 8.0 7.9
Cocaine 17.8 17.7 3.1 2.7 1.2 1.0
Crack 4.9 4.3 0.9a 0.6 0.4a 0.2
Heroin 2.3 2.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 17.2 17.4 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.6
LSD 12.0 11.9 0.4a 0.5 0.1 0.1
PCP 3.4 3.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 5.8 5.8 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 11.9 11.6 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 22.0 22.4 7.2b 6.3 3.2b 2.6
Pain Relievers 15.0 15.6 5.7 5.3 2.6b 2.0
OxyContin® 2.3 2.3 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 8.7 9.0 2.2 1.9 0.8 0.7
Stimulants3 9.9 9.5 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 6.3 6.0 0.6b 0.4 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 3.9 4.0 0.4a 0.2 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 33.5 33.6 9.9a 8.9 4.6b 3.9
90331
Table 1.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Females: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 53,361 55,155 14,785 15,662 7,349a 8,091
Marijuana and Hashish 46,169 47,519 9,451b 10,666 4,834b 5,638
Cocaine 14,415 15,343 2,019 2,016 638 637
Crack 2,719 3,193 403 369 153 98
Heroin 1,015a 1,398 79a 172 25a 73
Hallucinogens 13,586a 14,806 1,281 1,394 311 379
LSD 8,198a 9,110 169 219 28 38
PCP 2,078a 2,606 50 38 * 9
Ecstasy 5,415 5,899 805 942 190 238
Inhalants 8,192 8,244 748 782 223 204
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 23,973 24,791 7,606 7,493 2,988 3,128
Pain Relievers 14,968 15,948 5,576 5,513 2,107 2,278
OxyContin® 1,598a 2,004 592 578 152 137
Tranquilizers 9,796 10,521 2,661 2,772 926 994
Stimulants3 9,690 9,745 1,511 1,407 580 465
Methamphetamine3 5,518 5,294 621b 403 251 139
Sedatives 3,648 4,015 383 354 155 149
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 33,257 34,805 9,272 9,177 3,740 3,868
90721
Table 1.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Females: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 41.8 42.9 11.6 12.2 5.8a 6.3
Marijuana and Hashish 36.2 37.0 7.4b 8.3 3.8b 4.4
Cocaine 11.3 11.9 1.6 1.6 0.5 0.5
Crack 2.1 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.8a 1.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0a 0.1
Hallucinogens 10.6a 11.5 1.0 1.1 0.2 0.3
LSD 6.4 7.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
PCP 1.6a 2.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 4.2 4.6 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.2
Inhalants 6.4 6.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 18.8 19.3 6.0 5.8 2.3 2.4
Pain Relievers 11.7 12.4 4.4 4.3 1.7 1.8
OxyContin® 1.3a 1.6 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 7.7 8.2 2.1 2.2 0.7 0.8
Stimulants3 7.6 7.6 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.4
Methamphetamine3 4.3 4.1 0.5b 0.3 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 2.9 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 26.1 27.1 7.3 7.1 2.9 3.0
90331
Table 1.11A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 114,275a 117,325 35,692 35,525 19,857 20,077
12 398 432 216a 278 107 118
13 675 599 419 389 163 136
14 885 883 608 609 278 274
15 1,273 1,239 939 888 483 458
16 1,673 1,552 1,272 1,191 657 584
17 1,717 1,815 1,272 1,372 720 735
18 2,236 2,327 1,658 1,702 987 996
19 2,337 2,285 1,606 1,635 978 966
20 2,332 2,210 1,495 1,465 898 883
21 2,463 2,348 1,539 1,417 944 830
22 2,261 2,424 1,242 1,404 757 833
23 2,482 2,412 1,250 1,176 692 704
24 2,446 2,306 1,130 1,137 636 669
25 2,239 2,331 944 1,084 572 583
26-29 9,484a 10,437 3,772 3,989 2,092 2,216
30-34 10,493 10,291 3,201 3,052 1,772 1,781
35-39 11,811 11,174 2,931 2,950 1,543 1,738
40-44 12,437 12,891 2,773 2,765 1,480 1,342
45-49 13,778 14,114 2,689 2,582 1,615 1,569
50-54 12,794 12,756 2,297 1,789 1,242 940
55-59 9,505 9,233 1,472 1,361 751 885
60-64 4,658b 6,248 588 782 251 454
65 or Older 3,899a 5,016 378 508 238 384
90331
Table 1.11B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 46.1 47.0 14.4 14.2 8.0 8.0
12 9.9 11.2 5.4a 7.2 2.7 3.1
13 16.4 15.2 10.2 9.9 4.0 3.4
14 21.4 21.5 14.7 14.9 6.7 6.7
15 29.0 28.4 21.4 20.4 11.0 10.5
16 37.6 35.8 28.6 27.5 14.8 13.5
17 41.5 42.0 30.8 31.8 17.4 17.0
18 46.9 47.5 34.8 34.7 20.7 20.3
19 53.3 52.5 36.6 37.6 22.3 22.2
20 57.1 55.7 36.6 36.9 22.0 22.3
21 60.3 59.0 37.6 35.6 23.1 20.9
22 59.6 60.1 32.8 34.8 20.0 20.7
23 62.7a 59.1 31.6 28.8 17.5 17.3
24 62.1 59.9 28.7 29.6 16.1 17.4
25 60.1 61.7 25.4a 28.7 15.4 15.4
26-29 57.8a 61.1 23.0 23.4 12.8 13.0
30-34 55.5 55.4 16.9 16.4 9.4 9.6
35-39 56.1 55.2 13.9 14.6 7.3 8.6
40-44 58.6 60.2 13.1 12.9 7.0 6.3
45-49 61.0 62.7 11.9 11.5 7.2 7.0
50-54 58.9 58.0 10.6 8.1 5.7 4.3
55-59 51.6 51.9 8.0 7.7 4.1 5.0
60-64 35.0a 41.3 4.4 5.2 1.9 3.0
65 or Older 10.7a 13.5 1.0 1.4 0.7 1.0
90331
Table 1.12A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100,518 102,404 25,085 25,768 14,448 15,203
12 51 56 41 44 23 20
13 167 182 120 151 52 54
14 410 400 321 333 154 147
15 787 837 630 645 334 336
16 1,224 1,149 970 916 506 473
17 1,444 1,484 1,065 1,149 617 626
18 1,883 1,988 1,348 1,436 814 872
19 2,050 2,001 1,376 1,403 829 844
20 2,075 1,973 1,287 1,250 786 750
21 2,201 2,099 1,267 1,211 773 709
22 2,014 2,162 1,037 1,150 631 697
23 2,256 2,178 992 915 578 572
24 2,174 2,084 921 897 499 511
25 1,966 2,107 756 825 467 471
26-29 8,528 9,329 2,851 3,107 1,600 1,789
30-34 9,220 8,962 2,102 2,191 1,199 1,340
35-39 10,494 9,817 1,874 2,032 1,145 1,226
40-44 11,340 11,796 1,704 1,701 949 869
45-49 12,849 12,969 1,775 1,705 1,110 1,069
50-54 11,910 11,692 1,465 1,166 822 668
55-59 8,507 8,444 818 910 395 692
60-64 3,936b 5,236 255 479 85a 349
65 or Older 3,031 3,456 108 152 78 119
90331
Table 1.12B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 40.6 41.0 10.1 10.3 5.8 6.1
12 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.5
13 4.1 4.6 2.9 3.8 1.3 1.4
14 9.9 9.8 7.8 8.1 3.7 3.6
15 17.9 19.2 14.4 14.8 7.6 7.7
16 27.5 26.5 21.8 21.2 11.4 10.9
17 34.9 34.4 25.8 26.6 14.9 14.5
18 39.5 40.6 28.3 29.3 17.1 17.8
19 46.8 46.0 31.4 32.2 18.9 19.4
20 50.8 49.8 31.5 31.5 19.2 18.9
21 53.8 52.7 31.0 30.4 18.9 17.8
22 53.1 53.6 27.4 28.5 16.7 17.3
23 57.0 53.4 25.1 22.4 14.6 14.0
24 55.2 54.2 23.4 23.3 12.7 13.3
25 52.8 55.8 20.3 21.9 12.5 12.5
26-29 52.0 54.6 17.4 18.2 9.8 10.5
30-34 48.8 48.3 11.1 11.8 6.3 7.2
35-39 49.8 48.5 8.9 10.0 5.4 6.1
40-44 53.5 55.1 8.0 7.9 4.5 4.1
45-49 56.9 57.6 7.9 7.6 4.9 4.7
50-54 54.8 53.2 6.7 5.3 3.8 3.0
55-59 46.2 47.5 4.4 5.1 2.1 3.9
60-64 29.6 34.6 1.9 3.2 0.6a 2.3
65 or Older 8.4 9.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3
90331
Table 1.13A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 35,882 36,773 5,738 5,255 2,075 1,855
12 6 2 3 1 2 *
13 14 15 14 8 5 1
14 26 20 23 14 6 5
15 78 81 63 67 12 27
16 169a 122 108 78 32 22
17 250 232 173 138 47 43
18 384 367 242 210 61 49
19 490 538 280 296 85 82
20 569 536 299 257 83 80
21 593 572 286 236 84 93
22 657 666 306 267 65 46
23 784 717 266 214 69 53
24 753 680 201 190 65 54
25 688 653 203 149 60 49
26-29 2,947 3,287 718 900 246 302
30-34 2,910 2,675 543 521 252 247
35-39 4,011 3,677 431 450 166 158
40-44 5,272 5,181 403 422 188 155
45-49 6,131 6,486 547 420 311 181
50-54 5,291 5,112 397 210 114 98
55-59 2,589a 3,409 159 96 68 58
60-64 854a 1,341 2 95 * 36
65 or Older 418 402 71 16 53 16
90331
Table 1.13B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 14.5 14.7 2.3 2.1 0.8 0.7
12 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
13 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0
14 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
15 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.5 0.3 0.6
16 3.8 2.8 2.4 1.8 0.7 0.5
17 6.0 5.4 4.2 3.2 1.1 1.0
18 8.1 7.5 5.1 4.3 1.3 1.0
19 11.2 12.3 6.4 6.8 2.0 1.9
20 13.9 13.5 7.3 6.5 2.0 2.0
21 14.5 14.4 7.0 5.9 2.1 2.3
22 17.3 16.5 8.1 6.6 1.7 1.1
23 19.8 17.6 6.7 5.2 1.7 1.3
24 19.1 17.7 5.1 4.9 1.6 1.4
25 18.5 17.3 5.5 3.9 1.6 1.3
26-29 18.0 19.3 4.4 5.3 1.5 1.8
30-34 15.4 14.4 2.9 2.8 1.3 1.3
35-39 19.0 18.2 2.0 2.2 0.8 0.8
40-44 24.9 24.2 1.9 2.0 0.9 0.7
45-49 27.2 28.8 2.4 1.9 1.4 0.8
50-54 24.4 23.2 1.8 1.0 0.5 0.4
55-59 14.1b 19.2 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3
60-64 6.4 8.9 0.0 0.6 * 0.2
65 or Older 1.2 1.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0
90331
Table 1.14A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8,581 8,445 1,451a 1,109 610b 359
12 * * * * * *
13 5 * 3 * 0 *
14 9 6 7 1 2 *
15 18 16 16 11 3 3
16 31 20 21 8 6 2
17 43 36 17 13 4 1
18 57 59 22 29 7 8
19 85 75 30 28 9 6
20 102 109 40 33 7 8
21 128 106 24 24 3 12
22 149 155 36 43 9 2
23 144 120 30 16 7 6
24 156 148 37 22 6 4
25 160 131 28 20 10 7
26-29 669 823 115 133 59 20
30-34 885 873 89 126 37 71
35-39 1,076 1,028 172 135 77 24
40-44 1,407 1,417 186 171 103 57
45-49 1,554 1,621 297 167 174 83
50-54 1,232 948 170 71 42 33
55-59 470 639 76 11 33 *
60-64 77 94 * 32 * 11
65 or Older 125 19 32 16 13 *
90331
Table 1.14B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.5 3.4 0.6a 0.4 0.2b 0.1
12 * * * * * *
13 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.0 *
14 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 *
15 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1
16 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.0
17 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0
18 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.2
19 1.9 1.7 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.1
20 2.5 2.8 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.2
21 3.1 2.7 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.3
22 3.9 3.9 1.0 1.1 0.2 0.1
23 3.6 2.9 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.1
24 4.0 3.8 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.1
25 4.3 3.5 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.2
26-29 4.1 4.8 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.1
30-34 4.7 4.7 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.4
35-39 5.1 5.1 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.1
40-44 6.6 6.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.3
45-49 6.9 7.2 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.4
50-54 5.7 4.3 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.2
55-59 2.6 3.6 0.4 0.1 0.2 *
60-64 0.6 0.6 * 0.2 * 0.1
65 or Older 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
90331
Table 1.15A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 34,215a 35,963 3,762 3,678 996 1,060
12 20 32 14 21 1 8
13 45 40 31 34 18 14
14 85 84 59 59 15 30
15 196 179 143 143 37 56
16 239 269 163 196 45 69
17 311 368 219 237 60 65
18 499 547 278 352 87 101
19 641 669 362 378 81 91
20 716 658 341 354 73 110
21 844a 717 311 289 64 74
22 777 807 244 291 47 75
23 958b 758 172 155 41 29
24 1,001b 818 193 155 40 46
25 852 862 147 134 40 23
26-29 3,942 4,292 463 343 84 128
30-34 3,812 3,604 359 253 147 87
35-39 3,788 3,943 124 145 46 40
40-44 3,648 3,741 52 50 24 *
45-49 4,152 4,683 51 39 34 5
50-54 4,472 3,830 30 11 10 2
55-59 2,417a 3,331 * 33 * 8
60-64 590b 1,460 * * * *
65 or Older 211 271 9 4 * *
90331
Table 1.15B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.8 14.4 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.4
12 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.2
13 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.3
14 2.0 2.0 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.7
15 4.5 4.1 3.2 3.3 0.8 1.3
16 5.4 6.2 3.7 4.5 1.0a 1.6
17 7.5 8.5 5.3 5.5 1.5 1.5
18 10.5 11.2 5.8 7.2 1.8 2.1
19 14.6 15.4 8.3 8.7 1.9 2.1
20 17.5 16.6 8.3 8.9 1.8 2.8
21 20.7 18.0 7.6 7.3 1.6 1.9
22 20.5 20.0 6.4 7.2 1.2 1.9
23 24.2b 18.6 4.3 3.8 1.0 0.7
24 25.4b 21.3 4.9 4.0 1.0 1.2
25 22.9 22.8 3.9 3.6 1.1 0.6
26-29 24.0 25.1 2.8 2.0 0.5 0.7
30-34 20.2 19.4 1.9 1.4 0.8 0.5
35-39 18.0 19.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2
40-44 17.2 17.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 *
45-49 18.4a 20.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
50-54 20.6 17.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
55-59 13.1b 18.7 * 0.2 * 0.0
60-64 4.4b 9.7 * * * *
65 or Older 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 * *
90331
Table 1.16A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 22,477 22,274 2,080 2,047 616 640
12 245 264 106 143 41 52
13 418 365 198 187 50 42
14 431 451 203 209 55 62
15 486 426 186 167 60 49
16 424 413 166 156 52 41
17 418 388 135 117 36 21
18 369 421 113 118 23 29
19 422 411 116 99 23 13
20 400 409 77 103 21 25
21 430 383 62 66 14 10
22 477 423 60 40 24a 5
23 514 487 38 37 14 7
24 523a 426 28 50 3 10
25 556a 451 31 19 8 5
26-29 2,283 2,400 132 99 43 21
30-34 2,644a 2,170 99 76 26 22
35-39 2,675 2,572 123 76 5 35
40-44 2,502 2,609 71 64 28 50
45-49 2,550 2,860 40 91 30 78
50-54 2,124 1,593 69 7 33 5
55-59 1,010 1,358 25 48 25 48
60-64 209b 592 * * * 2
65 or Older 368 399 * 8 * 8
90331
Table 1.16B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9.1 8.9 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.3
12 6.1 6.9 2.6a 3.7 1.0 1.4
13 10.1 9.3 4.8 4.7 1.2 1.1
14 10.4 11.0 4.9 5.1 1.3 1.5
15 11.1 9.8 4.2 3.8 1.4 1.1
16 9.5 9.5 3.7 3.6 1.2 1.0
17 10.1 9.0 3.3 2.7 0.9 0.5
18 7.7 8.6 2.4 2.4 0.5 0.6
19 9.6 9.4 2.6 2.3 0.5 0.3
20 9.8 10.3 1.9 2.6 0.5 0.6
21 10.5 9.6 1.5 1.6 0.3 0.3
22 12.6 10.5 1.6 1.0 0.6a 0.1
23 13.0 11.9 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.2
24 13.3 11.1 0.7 1.3 0.1 0.3
25 14.9a 12.0 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.1
26-29 13.9 14.1 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.1
30-34 14.0a 11.7 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
35-39 12.7 12.7 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.2
40-44 11.8 12.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
45-49 11.3 12.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.3
50-54 9.8 7.2 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.0
55-59 5.5 7.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3
60-64 1.6a 3.9 * * * 0.0
65 or Older 1.0 1.1 * 0.0 * 0.0
90331
Table 1.17A – Nonmedical Use of Prescription-Type Psychotherapeutics in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 50,415 51,970 16,280a 15,166 6,895a 6,224
12 171 201 97 124 53 55
13 262 216 160 148 65 59
14 357 348 244 228 108 92
15 610a 512 463a 367 183 160
16 761 704 535 513 188 170
17 788 791 535 533 232a 175
18 1,141 1,000 762 672 305 237
19 1,156 1,133 700 689 285 271
20 1,247 1,190 666 651 260 281
21 1,344a 1,158 711a 569 277 244
22 1,214 1,329 556 662 239 271
23 1,267 1,289 563 566 197 225
24 1,274 1,288 507 569 197 234
25 1,146 1,239 449 489 190 180
26-29 4,822 5,273 1,669 1,646 644 587
30-34 4,769 4,713 1,534 1,331 594 541
35-39 5,145 4,938 1,469 1,250 564 584
40-44 5,111 5,289 1,281 1,268 625 541
45-49 5,790 6,080 1,077 1,106 520 507
50-54 5,157 5,325 883 706 468 273
55-59 4,011 3,802 727 471 331 184
60-64 1,681 2,159 387 274 193 113
65 or Older 1,191b 1,994 307 333 178 242
90331
Table 1.17B – Nonmedical Use of Prescription-Type Psychotherapeutics in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 20.3 20.8 6.6a 6.1 2.8a 2.5
12 4.3 5.2 2.4 3.2 1.3 1.4
13 6.4 5.5 3.9 3.8 1.6 1.5
14 8.6 8.5 5.9 5.6 2.6 2.2
15 13.9a 11.7 10.5a 8.4 4.2 3.7
16 17.1 16.3 12.0 11.9 4.2 3.9
17 19.1 18.3 12.9 12.3 5.6a 4.0
18 23.9b 20.4 16.0 13.7 6.4a 4.8
19 26.4 26.0 16.0 15.8 6.5 6.2
20 30.5 30.0 16.3 16.4 6.4 7.1
21 32.9a 29.1 17.4a 14.3 6.8 6.1
22 32.0 33.0 14.7 16.4 6.3 6.7
23 32.0 31.6 14.2 13.9 5.0 5.5
24 32.3 33.5 12.9 14.8 5.0 6.1
25 30.8 32.8 12.1 13.0 5.1 4.8
26-29 29.4 30.9 10.2 9.6 3.9 3.4
30-34 25.2 25.4 8.1 7.2 3.1 2.9
35-39 24.4 24.4 7.0 6.2 2.7 2.9
40-44 24.1 24.7 6.0 5.9 2.9 2.5
45-49 25.7 27.0 4.8 4.9 2.3 2.3
50-54 23.7 24.2 4.1 3.2 2.2 1.2
55-59 21.8 21.4 3.9 2.6 1.8 1.0
60-64 12.6 14.3 2.9 1.8 1.4 0.7
65 or Older 3.3b 5.4 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.6
90331
Table 1.18A – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 33,060a 34,861 12,466 11,885 5,174 4,747
12 139 175 87 114 45 48
13 195 175 130 119 52 49
14 311 289 200 196 82 72
15 498 449 370 321 135 128
16 653 594 448 425 154 130
17 656 665 446 433 200a 140
18 926 881 610 568 237 200
19 995 978 590 554 239 224
20 1,041 1,003 519 512 203 215
21 1,146 994 582a 466 217 187
22 1,032 1,088 442 534 188 201
23 1,055 1,074 436 460 153 172
24 1,003 1,041 423 445 143 173
25 930 982 368 403 137 129
26-29 3,713 4,141 1,279 1,318 522 464
30-34 3,479 3,458 1,173 1,040 464 406
35-39 3,505 3,237 1,120 922 406 426
40-44 3,086 3,386 959 963 432 398
45-49 3,227 3,377 808 829 393 366
50-54 2,380 2,756 643 476 350 213
55-59 1,857 1,865 427 283 226 103
60-64 762 1,170 201 209 93 77
65 or Older 471b 1,083 205 296 102 226
90331
Table 1.18B – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.3 14.0 5.0 4.8 2.1 1.9
12 3.4 4.5 2.2 3.0 1.1 1.2
13 4.7 4.4 3.1 3.0 1.3 1.2
14 7.5 7.0 4.8 4.8 2.0 1.8
15 11.4 10.3 8.4 7.4 3.1 2.9
16 14.7 13.7 10.1 9.8 3.5 3.0
17 15.9 15.4 10.8 10.0 4.8b 3.2
18 19.4 18.0 12.8 11.6 5.0 4.1
19 22.7 22.5 13.5 12.7 5.5 5.1
20 25.5 25.3 12.7 12.9 5.0 5.4
21 28.0 25.0 14.2a 11.7 5.3 4.7
22 27.2 27.0 11.6 13.2 5.0 5.0
23 26.7 26.3 11.0 11.3 3.9 4.2
24 25.5 27.1 10.7 11.6 3.6 4.5
25 25.0 26.0 9.9 10.7 3.7 3.4
26-29 22.6 24.3 7.8 7.7 3.2 2.7
30-34 18.4 18.6 6.2 5.6 2.5 2.2
35-39 16.6 16.0 5.3 4.6 1.9 2.1
40-44 14.5 15.8 4.5 4.5 2.0 1.9
45-49 14.3 15.0 3.6 3.7 1.7 1.6
50-54 11.0 12.5 3.0 2.2 1.6 1.0
55-59 10.1 10.5 2.3 1.6 1.2 0.6
60-64 5.7 7.7 1.5 1.4 0.7 0.5
65 or Older 1.3b 2.9 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.6
90331
Table 1.19A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 114,275a 117,325 35,692 35,525 19,857 20,077
AGE            
12-17 6,621 6,520 4,726 4,726 2,409 2,304
18-25 18,795 18,644 10,864 11,021 6,464 6,465
26 or Older 88,858a 92,161 20,102 19,778 10,984 11,308
GENDER            
Male 60,913 62,169 20,907 19,863 12,508 11,986
Female 53,361 55,155 14,785 15,662 7,349a 8,091
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 102,551 104,553 31,507 31,196 17,597 17,892
White 85,055 85,972 25,121 24,368 13,836 13,923
Black or African American 12,586a 13,611 4,688 4,987 2,777 2,972
American Indian or Alaska Native 692 624 233 211 160 103
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 94 * * 66
Asian 2,415 2,286 766 798 442 387
Two or More Races 1,409 1,690 605 638 323 442
Hispanic or Latino 11,724a 12,772 4,185 4,329 2,259 2,185
90331
Table 1.19B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 46.1 47.0 14.4 14.2 8.0 8.0
AGE            
12-17 26.2 26.2 18.7 19.0 9.5 9.3
18-25 57.4 56.6 33.2 33.5 19.7 19.6
26 or Older 46.8 48.0 10.6 10.3 5.8 5.9
GENDER            
Male 50.6 51.3 17.4a 16.4 10.4 9.9
Female 41.8 42.9 11.6 12.2 5.8a 6.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 48.0 48.7 14.8 14.5 8.2 8.3
White 50.3 50.7 14.9 14.4 8.2 8.2
Black or African American 43.1 46.1 16.0 16.9 9.5 10.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 54.6 57.6 18.4 19.5 12.6 9.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 13.3 * * 7.3
Asian 22.8 21.2 7.2 7.4 4.2 3.6
Two or More Races 51.5 56.1 22.1 21.2 11.8 14.7
Hispanic or Latino 34.2 36.4 12.2 12.3 6.6 6.2
90331
Table 1.20A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,621 6,520 4,726 4,726 2,409 2,304
GENDER            
Male 3,489 3,310 2,499 2,419 1,291 1,201
Female 3,132 3,210 2,228 2,307 1,118 1,103
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,467 5,242 3,929 3,839 2,029 1,883
White 4,061 3,851 2,998 2,892 1,531 1,441
Black or African American 1,029 992 676 666 364 309
American Indian or Alaska Native 72 60 * 43 * 25
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 166 163 111 95 61a 26
Two or More Races 119 151 79a 125 38a 68
Hispanic or Latino 1,154 1,277 798 887 380 421
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 2,100a 1,890 1,547 1,420 804 756
Female, White, Not Hispanic 1,962 1,960 1,451 1,472 728 686
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 538 551 350 386 197 171
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 491 441 326 281 167 138
Male, Hispanic 632 673 443 482 206 222
Female, Hispanic 522 604 355 404 174 199
90331
Table 1.20B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 26.2 26.2 18.7 19.0 9.5 9.3
GENDER            
Male 27.1 26.0 19.4 19.0 10.0 9.5
Female 25.4 26.3 18.0 18.9 9.1 9.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 26.6 26.0 19.1 19.0 9.9 9.3
White 27.0 26.2 19.9 19.7 10.2 9.8
Black or African American 26.7 26.2 17.6 17.6 9.4 8.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 43.1 43.8 * 31.3 * 18.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 16.3 16.8 10.9 9.8 6.0a 2.7
Two or More Races 28.4 30.1 18.9 24.8 9.2 13.5
Hispanic or Latino 24.7 27.0 17.1 18.8 8.1 8.9
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 27.2a 25.1 20.1 18.9 10.4 10.0
Female, White, Not Hispanic 26.7 27.4 19.8 20.6 9.9 9.6
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 27.7 29.0 18.0 20.3 10.1 9.0
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 25.8 23.5 17.1 15.0 8.8 7.3
Male, Hispanic 26.5 27.9 18.6 20.0 8.6 9.2
Female, Hispanic 22.9 26.1 15.5 17.5 7.6 8.6
90331
Table 1.21A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18,795 18,644 10,864 11,021 6,464 6,465
GENDER            
Male 9,963 9,723 6,135 6,119 3,978 3,822
Female 8,832 8,921 4,729 4,902 2,486 2,643
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,941 15,726 9,389 9,385 5,617 5,609
White 12,601 12,374 7,407 7,347 4,425 4,343
Black or African American 2,350 2,360 1,403 1,461 844 963
American Indian or Alaska Native 125 136 * 80 * 40
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 25 * 12 *
Asian 511 522 279 295 169 134
Two or More Races 291 262 203 156 114 102
Hispanic or Latino 2,854 2,918 1,476 1,636 847 856
EDUCATION            
< High School 3,494 3,370 2,166 2,085 1,391 1,307
High School Graduate 6,302 6,221 3,679 3,760 2,261 2,277
Some College 6,473 6,400 3,787 3,844 2,143 2,121
College Graduate 2,526 2,654 1,232 1,331 669 760
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 9,410 8,963 4,941 4,777 2,907 2,795
Part-Time 4,588 4,671 2,914 3,063 1,709 1,762
Unemployed 1,617b 1,874 1,058a 1,248 718 809
Other1 3,179 3,136 1,950 1,934 1,130 1,098
90331
Table 1.21B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 57.4 56.6 33.2 33.5 19.7 19.6
GENDER            
Male 60.5 58.7 37.2 36.9 24.1 23.1
Female 54.4 54.5 29.1 29.9 15.3 16.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 59.2 57.9 34.8 34.6 20.8 20.7
White 62.3 60.9 36.6 36.2 21.9 21.4
Black or African American 52.0 50.8 31.0 31.4 18.7 20.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 74.1 78.8 * 46.3 * 23.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 18.6 * 9.0 *
Asian 35.4 34.9 19.3 19.8 11.7 8.9
Two or More Races 66.0 63.7 45.9 38.0 25.9 24.9
Hispanic or Latino 49.3 50.4 25.5 28.2 14.6 14.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 56.2 57.3 34.8 35.4 22.4 22.2
High School Graduate 56.6b 53.5 33.0 32.4 20.3 19.6
Some College 59.1 59.0 34.6 35.4 19.5 19.5
College Graduate 57.2 57.9 27.9 29.1 15.2 16.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 61.4 59.8 32.2 31.9 19.0 18.7
Part-Time 54.5 54.6 34.6 35.8 20.3 20.6
Unemployed 61.9 61.3 40.5 40.8 27.5 26.4
Other1 49.9 49.4 30.6 30.5 17.8 17.3
90331
Table 1.22A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 88,858a 92,161 20,102 19,778 10,984 11,308
GENDER            
Male 47,461 49,136 12,274 11,325 7,239 6,963
Female 41,397 43,025 7,828 8,453 3,745 4,345
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 81,143a 83,585 18,190 17,972 9,951 10,400
White 68,392 69,748 14,716 14,129 7,879 8,138
Black or African American 9,207 10,259 2,609 2,860 1,570 1,700
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 112 89 79 39
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1,737 1,602 375 408 213 227
Two or More Races 998 1,277 323 357 171 272
Hispanic or Latino 7,716 8,576 1,912 1,806 1,033 908
EDUCATION            
< High School 9,593 9,857 3,281a 2,630 2,002a 1,530
High School Graduate 25,107 26,688 5,852 6,332 3,599 3,729
Some College 25,239 25,879 5,641 5,351 2,946 3,249
College Graduate 28,920 29,737 5,328 5,465 2,437 2,799
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 59,425 60,876 13,360 12,815 7,248 7,035
Part-Time 10,091 10,719 2,274 2,401 1,280 1,322
Unemployed 2,626b 3,744 964b 1,429 581b 954
Other1 16,717 16,821 3,504 3,134 1,875 1,997
90331
Table 1.22B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 46.8 48.0 10.6 10.3 5.8 5.9
GENDER            
Male 52.2 53.4 13.5 12.3 8.0 7.6
Female 41.8 43.0 7.9 8.5 3.8 4.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 48.9 49.9 11.0 10.7 6.0 6.2
White 51.1 51.9 11.0 10.5 5.9 6.1
Black or African American 44.1a 48.6 12.5 13.5 7.5 8.0
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 12.0 11.5 8.5 5.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 21.4 19.3 4.6 4.9 2.6 2.7
Two or More Races 53.2 60.8 17.2 17.0 9.1 12.9
Hispanic or Latino 32.4 34.9 8.0 7.4 4.3 3.7
EDUCATION            
< High School 31.9 33.8 10.9a 9.0 6.6a 5.2
High School Graduate 44.0 45.6 10.3 10.8 6.3 6.4
Some College 54.3 55.8 12.1 11.5 6.3 7.0
College Graduate 51.4 51.3 9.5 9.4 4.3 4.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 56.0 56.8 12.6 11.9 6.8 6.6
Part-Time 47.9 49.5 10.8 11.1 6.1 6.1
Unemployed 58.5 63.2 21.5 24.1 12.9 16.1
Other1 28.7 29.4 6.0 5.5 3.2 3.5
90331
Table 1.23A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 107,654a 110,805 30,966 30,799 17,448 17,773
GENDER            
Male 57,424 58,859 18,409 17,444 11,217 10,785
Female 50,229 51,946 12,557 13,355 6,231a 6,988
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 97,084 99,311 27,578 27,356 15,569 16,010
White 80,994 82,121 22,123 21,476 12,304 12,482
Black or African American 11,557 12,619 4,012 4,321 2,414 2,663
American Indian or Alaska Native 620 564 184 169 132 78
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 80 * * 53
Asian 2,249 2,124 654 703 381 360
Two or More Races 1,290 1,538 526 513 285 374
Hispanic or Latino 10,570a 11,494 3,388 3,443 1,879 1,763
EDUCATION            
< High School 13,087 13,227 5,447a 4,716 3,393a 2,837
High School Graduate 31,408 32,909 9,531 10,092 5,860 6,007
Some College 31,712 32,279 9,428 9,195 5,088 5,370
College Graduate 31,446 32,390 6,560 6,796 3,106 3,559
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 68,836 69,840 18,301 17,592 10,155 9,831
Part-Time 14,679 15,390 5,188 5,463 2,989 3,084
Unemployed 4,243b 5,618 2,023b 2,677 1,299b 1,763
Other1 19,896 19,957 5,454 5,067 3,005 3,095
90331
Table 1.23B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 48.4 49.3 13.9 13.7 7.8 7.9
GENDER            
Male 53.5 54.2 17.1 16.1 10.4 9.9
Female 43.6 44.6 10.9 11.5 5.4a 6.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 50.3 51.0 14.3 14.1 8.1 8.2
White 52.6 53.1 14.4 13.9 8.0 8.1
Black or African American 45.5 49.0 15.8 16.8 9.5 10.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 56.3 59.6 16.7 17.8 12.0 8.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 12.5 * * 6.5
Asian 23.5 21.6 6.8 7.2 4.0 3.7
Two or More Races 55.6 61.3 22.7 20.4 12.3 14.9
Hispanic or Latino 35.7 37.9 11.5 11.3 6.4 5.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 36.0 37.7 15.0 13.5 9.3a 8.1
High School Graduate 46.1 46.9 14.0 14.4 8.6 8.6
Some College 55.2 56.4 16.4 16.1 8.9 9.4
College Graduate 51.8 51.8 10.8 10.9 5.1 5.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 56.7 57.1 15.1 14.4 8.4 8.0
Part-Time 49.7 50.9 17.6 18.1 10.1 10.2
Unemployed 59.7 62.5 28.5 29.8 18.3 19.6
Other1 30.8 31.4 8.5 8.0 4.7 4.9
90331
Table 1.24A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100,518 102,404 25,085 25,768 14,448 15,203
AGE            
12-17 4,084 4,108 3,147 3,238 1,686 1,657
18-25 16,620 16,593 8,985 9,087 5,378 5,426
26 or Older 79,815 81,703 12,953 13,443 7,384 8,120
GENDER            
Male 54,349 54,885 15,634 15,103 9,614 9,565
Female 46,169 47,519 9,451b 10,666 4,834b 5,638
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 91,329 92,559 22,373 22,849 12,901 13,719
White 76,339 76,374 17,699 17,602 10,102 10,522
Black or African American 11,118a 12,153 3,556 4,004 2,118 2,445
American Indian or Alaska Native 594 540 146 145 100 89
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 41 * 20a 49
Asian 1,725 1,667 471 461 276 218
Two or More Races 1,226a 1,545 460 518 286 395
Hispanic or Latino 9,190 9,845 2,712 2,919 1,547 1,484
90331
Table 1.24B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 40.6 41.0 10.1 10.3 5.8 6.1
AGE            
12-17 16.2 16.5 12.5 13.0 6.7 6.7
18-25 50.8 50.4 27.5 27.6 16.4 16.5
26 or Older 42.0 42.6 6.8 7.0 3.9 4.2
GENDER            
Male 45.2 45.3 13.0 12.5 8.0 7.9
Female 36.2 37.0 7.4b 8.3 3.8b 4.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 42.8 43.1 10.5 10.6 6.0 6.4
White 45.2 45.1 10.5 10.4 6.0 6.2
Black or African American 38.0a 41.1 12.2 13.5 7.2 8.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 46.8 49.9 11.5 13.3 7.9 8.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 5.8 * 2.8 5.5
Asian 16.3 15.5 4.4 4.3 2.6 2.0
Two or More Races 44.8 51.3 16.8 17.2 10.4 13.1
Hispanic or Latino 26.8 28.1 7.9 8.3 4.5 4.2
90331
Table 1.25A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4,084 4,108 3,147 3,238 1,686 1,657
GENDER            
Male 2,226 2,184 1,748 1,724 968 921
Female 1,858 1,924 1,399 1,514 718 735
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,410 3,322 2,644 2,660 1,418 1,368
White 2,607 2,483 2,056 2,021 1,104 1,051
Black or African American 592 605 423 473 221 222
American Indian or Alaska Native 39 41 * 37 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 82 69 65 30 43a 10
Two or More Races 78 108 60 86 29a 53
Hispanic or Latino 674a 786 503 577 268 289
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1,370 1,276 1,108 1,036 601 587
Female, White, Not Hispanic 1,237 1,207 948 986 502 464
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 325 339 246 282 141 130
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 267 266 178 192 80 92
Male, Hispanic 396 452 289 324 162 165
Female, Hispanic 278 334 214 253 106 124
90331
Table 1.25B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 16.2 16.5 12.5 13.0 6.7 6.7
GENDER            
Male 17.3 17.2 13.6 13.6 7.5 7.3
Female 15.0 15.8 11.3 12.4 5.8 6.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.6 16.5 12.9 13.2 6.9 6.8
White 17.3 16.9 13.7 13.8 7.3 7.2
Black or African American 15.4 16.0 11.0 12.5 5.8 5.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 23.5 30.2 * 26.8 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 8.0 7.1 6.4 3.1 4.2a 1.0
Two or More Races 18.6 21.5 14.3 17.2 6.9 10.6
Hispanic or Latino 14.4 16.6 10.8 12.2 5.7 6.1
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 17.8 17.0 14.4 13.8 7.8 7.8
Female, White, Not Hispanic 16.8 16.8 12.9 13.8 6.8 6.5
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 16.7 17.8 12.6 14.8 7.3 6.8
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 14.0 14.2 9.3 10.2 4.2 4.9
Male, Hispanic 16.6 18.8 12.1 13.4 6.8 6.8
Female, Hispanic 12.2 14.4 9.4 10.9 4.6 5.4
90331
Table 1.26A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 16,620 16,593 8,985 9,087 5,378 5,426
GENDER            
Male 8,850 8,740 5,223 5,214 3,419 3,336
Female 7,769 7,853 3,762 3,874 1,959 2,090
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,333 14,071 7,872 7,747 4,692 4,709
White 11,362 11,150 6,180 6,059 3,660 3,620
Black or African American 2,098 2,116 1,195 1,251 742 844
American Indian or Alaska Native 118 110 * 59 * 35
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 20 * 11 *
Asian 437 387 240 211 129 95
Two or More Races 262 242 175 134 104 94
Hispanic or Latino 2,287a 2,522 1,113b 1,340 687 717
EDUCATION            
< High School 3,030 2,939 1,753 1,702 1,153 1,092
High School Graduate 5,538 5,514 2,995 3,072 1,838 1,913
Some College 5,799 5,738 3,190 3,205 1,842 1,806
College Graduate 2,253 2,403 1,047 1,108 546 615
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 8,401 8,049 3,999 3,819 2,401 2,286
Part-Time 4,016 4,170 2,462 2,635 1,443 1,538
Unemployed 1,454b 1,705 926a 1,092 628 716
Other1 2,748 2,670 1,598 1,541 906 887
90331
Table 1.26B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 50.8 50.4 27.5 27.6 16.4 16.5
GENDER            
Male 53.7 52.8 31.7 31.5 20.7 20.1
Female 47.8 48.0 23.1 23.7 12.1 12.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 53.2 51.8 29.2 28.5 17.4 17.4
White 56.2 54.9 30.5 29.8 18.1 17.8
Black or African American 46.4 45.5 26.4 26.9 16.4 18.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 70.0 64.0 * 34.2 * 20.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 14.6 * 8.2 *
Asian 30.2 25.9 16.6 14.1 8.9 6.3
Two or More Races 59.4 58.8 39.7 32.5 23.5 22.8
Hispanic or Latino 39.5a 43.5 19.2b 23.1 11.9 12.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 48.7 49.9 28.2 28.9 18.5 18.5
High School Graduate 49.7a 47.4 26.9 26.4 16.5 16.5
Some College 52.9 52.9 29.1 29.5 16.8 16.6
College Graduate 51.0 52.5 23.7 24.2 12.4 13.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 54.8 53.7 26.1 25.5 15.7 15.3
Part-Time 47.7 48.7 29.2 30.8 17.1 18.0
Unemployed 55.7 55.8 35.4 35.7 24.1 23.4
Other1 43.2 42.1 25.1 24.3 14.2 14.0
90331
Table 1.27A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 79,815 81,703 12,953 13,443 7,384 8,120
GENDER            
Male 43,273 43,961 8,662 8,165 5,227 5,307
Female 36,542 37,741 4,291b 5,278 2,157b 2,813
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 73,586 75,166 11,857 12,442 6,791 7,641
White 62,371 62,742 9,462 9,521 5,339 5,851
Black or African American 8,429 9,431 1,938 2,279 1,154 1,380
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 52 49 35 32
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1,206 1,211 166 221 104 114
Two or More Races 886 1,195 225 298 153 248
Hispanic or Latino 6,229 6,537 1,096 1,001 593 478
EDUCATION            
< High School 8,307 8,170 2,165a 1,713 1,328 1,033
High School Graduate 22,747 23,765 3,934 4,297 2,498 2,733
Some College 22,820 23,007 3,480 3,658 1,965 2,305
College Graduate 25,941 26,760 3,375 3,775 1,592a 2,049
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 54,394 54,562 9,031 8,860 5,209 5,134
Part-Time 8,814 9,590 1,287 1,582 791 1,026
Unemployed 2,353b 3,453 669b 1,092 356b 769
Other1 14,254 14,097 1,967 1,910 1,028 1,190
90331
Table 1.27B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 42.0 42.6 6.8 7.0 3.9 4.2
GENDER            
Male 47.6 47.8 9.5 8.9 5.8 5.8
Female 36.9 37.7 4.3b 5.3 2.2b 2.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 44.3 44.9 7.1 7.4 4.1 4.6
White 46.6 46.7 7.1 7.1 4.0 4.4
Black or African American 40.4a 44.6 9.3 10.8 5.5 6.5
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 5.6 6.3 3.7 4.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 14.8 14.6 2.0 2.7 1.3 1.4
Two or More Races 47.2 56.9 12.0 14.2 8.2 11.8
Hispanic or Latino 26.2 26.6 4.6 4.1 2.5 1.9
EDUCATION            
< High School 27.6 28.0 7.2 5.9 4.4 3.5
High School Graduate 39.9 40.6 6.9 7.3 4.4 4.7
Some College 49.1 49.6 7.5 7.9 4.2 5.0
College Graduate 46.1 46.2 6.0 6.5 2.8 3.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 51.3 50.9 8.5 8.3 4.9 4.8
Part-Time 41.8 44.3 6.1 7.3 3.8 4.7
Unemployed 52.4 58.3 14.9 18.4 7.9a 13.0
Other1 24.5 24.7 3.4 3.3 1.8 2.1
90331
Table 1.28A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 96,435 98,296 21,938 22,531 12,762 13,546
GENDER            
Male 52,123 52,702 13,886 13,379 8,646 8,643
Female 44,311 45,594 8,052b 9,152 4,116b 4,903
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 87,919 89,237 19,729 20,189 11,483 12,351
White 73,732 73,892 15,643 15,580 8,998 9,471
Black or African American 10,526 11,547 3,132 3,530 1,896 2,224
American Indian or Alaska Native 555 499 114 108 81 67
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 34 * 18 39
Asian 1,644 1,598 406 431 233 209
Two or More Races 1,148 1,437 400 431 257 342
Hispanic or Latino 8,516 9,059 2,209 2,342 1,280 1,195
EDUCATION            
< High School 11,336 11,109 3,918a 3,416 2,481 2,125
High School Graduate 28,285 29,279 6,929 7,369 4,336 4,646
Some College 28,620 28,745 6,670 6,864 3,807 4,111
College Graduate 28,194 29,163 4,421 4,883 2,138a 2,664
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 62,795 62,611 13,029 12,679 7,610 7,419
Part-Time 12,831 13,760 3,749 4,217 2,234 2,564
Unemployed 3,807b 5,158 1,595b 2,184 984b 1,485
Other1 17,002 16,767 3,565 3,451 1,934 2,078
90331
Table 1.28B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 43.3 43.7 9.9 10.0 5.7 6.0
GENDER            
Male 48.5 48.5 12.9 12.3 8.1 8.0
Female 38.5 39.2 7.0b 7.9 3.6b 4.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 45.5 45.9 10.2 10.4 5.9 6.3
White 47.9 47.8 10.2 10.1 5.8 6.1
Black or African American 41.5 44.8 12.3 13.7 7.5 8.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 50.4 52.7 10.4 11.4 7.4 7.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 5.3 * 2.8 4.9
Asian 17.2 16.3 4.2 4.4 2.4 2.1
Two or More Races 49.5 57.2 17.3 17.2 11.1 13.6
Hispanic or Latino 28.8 29.9 7.5 7.7 4.3 3.9
EDUCATION            
< High School 31.2 31.7 10.8 9.7 6.8 6.1
High School Graduate 41.5 41.7 10.2 10.5 6.4 6.6
Some College 49.8 50.2 11.6 12.0 6.6 7.2
College Graduate 46.5 46.7 7.3 7.8 3.5a 4.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 51.7 51.2 10.7 10.4 6.3 6.1
Part-Time 43.5 45.5 12.7 14.0 7.6 8.5
Unemployed 53.6 57.4 22.5 24.3 13.9 16.5
Other1 26.3 26.4 5.5 5.4 3.0 3.3
90331
Table 1.29A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 35,882 36,773 5,738 5,255 2,075 1,855
AGE            
12-17 542 472 383a 305 104 97
18-25 4,917 4,730 2,084a 1,820 573 507
26 or Older 30,423 31,572 3,271 3,130 1,399 1,251
GENDER            
Male 21,467 21,429 3,719 3,239 1,438 1,217
Female 14,415 15,343 2,019 2,016 638 637
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,868 32,625 4,965 4,530 1,721 1,549
White 27,684 27,871 4,190 3,752 1,440 1,223
Black or African American 2,921 3,321 590 582 236 272
American Indian or Alaska Native 202 * 54 46 8 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 50 8 7 2 1
Asian 545 472 37 50 5 13
Two or More Races 432 647 86 92 30 33
Hispanic or Latino 4,015 4,148 773 725 354 306
90331
Table 1.29B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 14.5 14.7 2.3 2.1 0.8 0.7
AGE            
12-17 2.1 1.9 1.5a 1.2 0.4 0.4
18-25 15.0 14.4 6.4b 5.5 1.7 1.5
26 or Older 16.0 16.4 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.7
GENDER            
Male 17.8 17.7 3.1 2.7 1.2 1.0
Female 11.3 11.9 1.6 1.6 0.5 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.9 15.2 2.3 2.1 0.8 0.7
White 16.4 16.5 2.5 2.2 0.9 0.7
Black or African American 10.0 11.2 2.0 2.0 0.8 0.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 16.0 * 4.3 4.3 0.6 0.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 5.5 1.2 0.7 0.3 0.1
Asian 5.1 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.1
Two or More Races 15.8 21.5 3.1 3.1 1.1 1.1
Hispanic or Latino 11.7 11.8 2.3 2.1 1.0 0.9
90331
Table 1.30A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 542 472 383a 305 104 97
GENDER            
Male 257 217 174 159 48 60
Female 285 255 209a 146 56 37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 400 361 284 242 78 75
White 357 314 258 213 73 66
Black or African American 26a 7 13 5 5 4
American Indian or Alaska Native * 5 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2 17 2 5 * 0
Two or More Races 7 13 5 10 0 1
Hispanic or Latino 141 111 99 63 25 23
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 155 152 112 107 36 42
Female, White, Not Hispanic 202 163 146 106 37 24
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 14 2 4 2 2 2
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 12 5 9 3 3 2
Male, Hispanic 78 54 51 43 10 15
Female, Hispanic 63 57 48a 21 15 8
90331
Table 1.30B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.1 1.9 1.5a 1.2 0.4 0.4
GENDER            
Male 2.0 1.7 1.3 1.3 0.4 0.5
Female 2.3 2.1 1.7a 1.2 0.5 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.9 1.8 1.4 1.2 0.4 0.4
White 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.4 0.5 0.5
Black or African American 0.7a 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1
American Indian or Alaska Native * 3.6 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 0.2 1.7 0.2 0.6 * 0.0
Two or More Races 1.7 2.5 1.1 2.0 0.1 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 3.0 2.3 2.1a 1.3 0.5 0.5
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.4 0.5 0.6
Female, White, Not Hispanic 2.8 2.3 2.0 1.5 0.5 0.3
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1
Male, Hispanic 3.3 2.2 2.1 1.8 0.4 0.6
Female, Hispanic 2.8 2.5 2.1a 0.9 0.7 0.3
90331
Table 1.31A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4,917 4,730 2,084a 1,820 573 507
GENDER            
Male 2,817 2,651 1,289b 1,076 366 291
Female 2,100 2,078 796 744 206 215
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,074 3,855 1,769b 1,509 471 410
White 3,698 3,549 1,605a 1,388 440 374
Black or African American 162 147 79 59 5 16
American Indian or Alaska Native * 31 * 14 * 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 13 * 3 2 2 *
Asian 66 53 22 22 4 3
Two or More Races 90 63 31 25 16 13
Hispanic or Latino 843 875 316 310 101 97
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,100 974 466b 328 153 108
High School Graduate 1,617 1,667 674 637 171 169
Some College 1,602 1,552 702 630 192 159
College Graduate 599 537 243 225 56 70
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2,683 2,464 1,008b 828 288 222
Part-Time 978 1,045 505 445 137 118
Unemployed 518 524 250 222 72 71
Other1 738 697 321 325 76 96
90331
Table 1.31B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 15.0 14.4 6.4b 5.5 1.7 1.5
GENDER            
Male 17.1 16.0 7.8b 6.5 2.2 1.8
Female 12.9 12.7 4.9 4.5 1.3 1.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.1 14.2 6.6b 5.6 1.7 1.5
White 18.3 17.5 7.9a 6.8 2.2 1.8
Black or African American 3.6 3.2 1.7 1.3 0.1 0.3
American Indian or Alaska Native * 18.1 * 8.3 * 1.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9.2 * 2.3 1.6 1.5 *
Asian 4.6 3.6 1.5 1.5 0.3 0.2
Two or More Races 20.5 15.3 7.1 6.1 3.5 3.1
Hispanic or Latino 14.6 15.1 5.5 5.4 1.8 1.7
EDUCATION            
< High School 17.7 16.5 7.5a 5.6 2.5 1.8
High School Graduate 14.5 14.3 6.1 5.5 1.5 1.5
Some College 14.6 14.3 6.4 5.8 1.8 1.5
College Graduate 13.5 11.7 5.5 4.9 1.3 1.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 17.5 16.4 6.6a 5.5 1.9 1.5
Part-Time 11.6 12.2 6.0 5.2 1.6 1.4
Unemployed 19.8 17.1 9.6a 7.3 2.8 2.3
Other1 11.6 11.0 5.1 5.1 1.2 1.5
90331
Table 1.32A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 30,423 31,572 3,271 3,130 1,399 1,251
GENDER            
Male 18,393 18,562 2,257 2,003 1,024 866
Female 12,030 13,010 1,014 1,127 375 385
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 27,393 28,409 2,913 2,778 1,172 1,064
White 23,629 24,007 2,327 2,151 927 783
Black or African American 2,733 3,168 499 518 226 252
American Indian or Alaska Native 150 * 18 * 4 1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 476 402 14 23 0 9
Two or More Races 335a 572 50 57 14 19
Hispanic or Latino 3,030 3,162 358 351 227 187
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,145 4,065 644 556 301 214
High School Graduate 8,946 9,669 1,081 913 427 430
Some College 8,959 8,713 919 882 423 372
College Graduate 8,373 9,124 627 779 248 236
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 20,939 21,361 1,918 1,918 777 683
Part-Time 3,367 3,970 398 346 165 147
Unemployed 1,088a 1,513 281 306 147 147
Other1 5,030 4,727 674 560 309 273
90331
Table 1.32B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 16.0 16.4 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.7
GENDER            
Male 20.2 20.2 2.5 2.2 1.1 0.9
Female 12.2 13.0 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.5 17.0 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.6
White 17.7 17.9 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.6
Black or African American 13.1 15.0 2.4 2.5 1.1 1.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 16.1 * 1.9 * 0.4 0.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.8 4.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1
Two or More Races 17.8 27.2 2.7 2.7 0.8 0.9
Hispanic or Latino 12.7 12.9 1.5 1.4 1.0 0.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 13.8 13.9 2.1 1.9 1.0 0.7
High School Graduate 15.7 16.5 1.9 1.6 0.7 0.7
Some College 19.3 18.8 2.0 1.9 0.9 0.8
College Graduate 14.9 15.8 1.1 1.3 0.4 0.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 19.7 19.9 1.8 1.8 0.7 0.6
Part-Time 16.0 18.3 1.9 1.6 0.8 0.7
Unemployed 24.2 25.5 6.3 5.2 3.3 2.5
Other1 8.6 8.3 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.5
90331
Table 1.33A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 35,340 36,301 5,355 4,950 1,972 1,757
GENDER            
Male 21,210 21,213 3,545 3,080 1,390 1,157
Female 14,130 15,088 1,810 1,870 582 600
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,467 32,264 4,682 4,288 1,643 1,474
White 27,326 27,556 3,932 3,539 1,367 1,157
Black or African American 2,895 3,314 577 577 231 268
American Indian or Alaska Native 195 * 48 43 8 4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 45 8 2 2 1
Asian 542 456 36 45 5 12
Two or More Races 425 635 81 82 30 32
Hispanic or Latino 3,873 4,037 674 662 329 284
EDUCATION            
< High School 5,245 5,039 1,110 884 454 322
High School Graduate 10,563 11,336 1,755 1,550 598 599
Some College 10,560 10,265 1,621 1,513 615 531
College Graduate 8,972 9,661 869 1,004 304 305
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 23,622 23,825 2,926 2,746 1,065 906
Part-Time 4,345a 5,016 902 791 302 265
Unemployed 1,606a 2,037 531 528 219 218
Other1 5,768 5,423 995 885 385 368
90331
Table 1.33B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 15.9 16.1 2.4 2.2 0.9 0.8
GENDER            
Male 19.8 19.5 3.3 2.8 1.3 1.1
Female 12.3 13.0 1.6 1.6 0.5 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.3 16.6 2.4 2.2 0.9 0.8
White 17.7 17.8 2.6 2.3 0.9 0.7
Black or African American 11.4 12.9 2.3 2.2 0.9 1.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 * 4.3 4.5 0.7 0.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 5.5 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.1
Asian 5.7 4.6 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 18.3 25.3 3.5 3.3 1.3 1.3
Hispanic or Latino 13.1 13.3 2.3 2.2 1.1 0.9
EDUCATION            
< High School 14.4 14.4 3.1 2.5 1.2 0.9
High School Graduate 15.5 16.2 2.6 2.2 0.9 0.9
Some College 18.4 17.9 2.8 2.6 1.1 0.9
College Graduate 14.8 15.5 1.4 1.6 0.5 0.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 19.4 19.5 2.4 2.2 0.9 0.7
Part-Time 14.7 16.6 3.1 2.6 1.0 0.9
Unemployed 22.6 22.7 7.5 5.9 3.1 2.4
Other1 8.9 8.5 1.5 1.4 0.6 0.6
90331
Table 1.34A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8,581 8,445 1,451a 1,109 610b 359
AGE            
12-17 106 79 65a 33 16 7
18-25 980 904 248 214 56 53
26 or Older 7,495 7,462 1,137 862 537a 300
GENDER            
Male 5,863 5,251 1,047a 740 457a 262
Female 2,719 3,193 403 369 153 98
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,668 7,586 1,351a 1,025 570b 328
White 5,784 5,799 938 726 399a 207
Black or African American 1,551 1,512 385 256 155 112
American Indian or Alaska Native 59 66 6 * 4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 11 1 * 1 *
Asian 117 35 2 5 2 *
Two or More Races 110 162 20 18 9 8
Hispanic or Latino 913 859 99 84 40 32
90331
Table 1.34B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.5 3.4 0.6a 0.4 0.2b 0.1
AGE            
12-17 0.4 0.3 0.3a 0.1 0.1 0.0
18-25 3.0 2.7 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2
26 or Older 3.9 3.9 0.6 0.4 0.3a 0.2
GENDER            
Male 4.9 4.3 0.9a 0.6 0.4a 0.2
Female 2.1 2.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.6 3.5 0.6a 0.5 0.3b 0.2
White 3.4 3.4 0.6 0.4 0.2a 0.1
Black or African American 5.3 5.1 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.7 6.1 0.5 * 0.3 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1.2 0.2 * 0.1 *
Asian 1.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Two or More Races 4.0 5.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 2.7 2.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
90331
Table 1.35A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 106 79 65a 33 16 7
GENDER            
Male 43 31 25 18 4 6
Female 64 48 40a 16 12a 1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 79a 51 47b 20 13 7
White 74 49 45b 19 13 7
Black or African American 1 1 0 1 * *
American Indian or Alaska Native 0 0 0 * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian * 0 * 0 * *
Two or More Races 3 0 2 0 0 *
Hispanic or Latino 27 28 18 13 3 *
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 29 21 17 10 4 6
Female, White, Not Hispanic 46 29 28a 9 8 1
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0 * 0 * * *
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1 1 * 1 * *
Male, Hispanic 14 10 7 8 * *
Female, Hispanic 14 18 10 5 3 *
90331
Table 1.35B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4 0.3 0.3a 0.1 0.1 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Female 0.5 0.4 0.3a 0.1 0.1a 0.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4a 0.3 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.0
White 0.5 0.3 0.3b 0.1 0.1 0.0
Black or African American 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * *
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1 0.4 0.1 * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian * 0.0 * 0.0 * *
Two or More Races 0.8 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 *
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.6 0.4 0.4a 0.1 0.1 0.0
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.0 * 0.0 * * *
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 * *
Male, Hispanic 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 * *
Female, Hispanic 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.1 *
90331
Table 1.36A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 980 904 248 214 56 53
GENDER            
Male 554 520 159 132 40 32
Female 427 384 90 82 16 21
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 843 740 217 175 53 40
White 775 683 204 160 50 35
Black or African American 31 20 4 5 0 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 7 1 0 0 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2 3 1 * 1 *
Asian 8 10 1 4 1 *
Two or More Races 17 17 5 5 1 5
Hispanic or Latino 137 164 31 38 3 12
EDUCATION            
< High School 325 296 103a 62 35a 14
High School Graduate 364 370 89 106 10a 32
Some College 244 199 47 38 10 7
College Graduate 47 40 10 8 1 *
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 506 441 108 86 20 17
Part-Time 162 167 44 36 9 11
Unemployed 144 132 53 56 14 14
Other1 169 165 43 36 13 11
90331
Table 1.36B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.0 2.7 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2
GENDER            
Male 3.4 3.1 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.2
Female 2.6 2.3 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.1 2.7 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.1
White 3.8 3.4 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.2
Black or African American 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 6.2 4.0 0.5 0.2 0.2 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.7 2.4 0.9 * 0.6 *
Asian 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.1 *
Two or More Races 3.8 4.3 1.1 1.3 0.2 1.2
Hispanic or Latino 2.4 2.8 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 5.2 5.0 1.7 1.1 0.6a 0.2
High School Graduate 3.3 3.2 0.8 0.9 0.1a 0.3
Some College 2.2 1.8 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
College Graduate 1.1 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.0 *
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 3.3 2.9 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.1
Part-Time 1.9 2.0 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
Unemployed 5.5 4.3 2.0 1.8 0.5 0.5
Other1 2.6 2.6 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
90331
Table 1.37A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,495 7,462 1,137 862 537a 300
GENDER            
Male 5,266 4,700 864a 590 413a 224
Female 2,229a 2,761 273 272 125 75
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,746 6,795 1,088 829 504a 280
White 4,935 5,067 689 547 337a 165
Black or African American 1,518 1,492 380 250 155 112
American Indian or Alaska Native 48 58 5 * 4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 110 24 0 * 0 *
Two or More Races 90 145 13 12 * 4
Hispanic or Latino 749 667 50 32 34 19
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,756 1,603 263 191 131a 47
High School Graduate 2,901 2,632 471 348 229 155
Some College 1,981 2,153 252 203 114 54
College Graduate 856 1,073 153 120 63 44
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4,554 4,555 524 385 218 112
Part-Time 837 807 189 115 86 53
Unemployed 483 572 119 111 88a 20
Other1 1,622 1,527 305 251 145 115
90331
Table 1.37B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.9 3.9 0.6 0.4 0.3a 0.2
GENDER            
Male 5.8 5.1 1.0a 0.6 0.5a 0.2
Female 2.3a 2.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.1 4.1 0.7 0.5 0.3a 0.2
White 3.7 3.8 0.5 0.4 0.3a 0.1
Black or African American 7.3 7.1 1.8 1.2 0.7 0.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.2 7.5 0.6 * 0.4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.3 0.3 0.0 * 0.0 *
Two or More Races 4.8 6.9 0.7 0.6 * 0.2
Hispanic or Latino 3.1 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 5.8 5.5 0.9 0.7 0.4a 0.2
High School Graduate 5.1 4.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3
Some College 4.3 4.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
College Graduate 1.5 1.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.3 4.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
Part-Time 4.0 3.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2
Unemployed 10.7 9.7 2.7 1.9 2.0a 0.3
Other1 2.8 2.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
90331
Table 1.38A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8,475 8,366 1,386a 1,075 594a 352
GENDER            
Male 5,820 5,220 1,023a 722 452a 256
Female 2,655 3,146 363 354 141 96
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,589 7,535 1,304a 1,005 557a 321
White 5,710 5,750 893 707 387a 200
Black or African American 1,549 1,512 384 255 155 112
American Indian or Alaska Native 59 65 6 * 4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 11 1 * 1 *
Asian 117 35 2 4 2 *
Two or More Races 107 162 18 17 8 8
Hispanic or Latino 886 831 81 71 37 32
EDUCATION            
< High School 2,081 1,899 365 253 167a 61
High School Graduate 3,265 3,002 559 453 239 188
Some College 2,225 2,352 299 241 123 60
College Graduate 904 1,113 162 128 65 44
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,060 4,995 632 471 239 128
Part-Time 999 974 233 150 95 64
Unemployed 626 704 173 167 102a 34
Other1 1,790 1,692 348 287 158 126
90331
Table 1.38B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.8 3.7 0.6a 0.5 0.3a 0.2
GENDER            
Male 5.4 4.8 1.0a 0.7 0.4a 0.2
Female 2.3 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.9 0.7a 0.5 0.3a 0.2
White 3.7 3.7 0.6 0.5 0.3a 0.1
Black or African American 6.1 5.9 1.5 1.0 0.6 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.3 6.9 0.5 * 0.4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1.4 0.2 * 0.1 *
Asian 1.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Two or More Races 4.6 6.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 3.0 2.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 5.7 5.4 1.0 0.7 0.5a 0.2
High School Graduate 4.8 4.3 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3
Some College 3.9 4.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
College Graduate 1.5 1.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.2 4.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
Part-Time 3.4 3.2 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.2
Unemployed 8.8 7.8 2.4 1.9 1.4a 0.4
Other1 2.8 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2
90331
Table 1.39A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 34,215a 35,963 3,762 3,678 996 1,060
AGE            
12-17 896 973 627 690 175b 242
18-25 6,287b 5,836 2,048 2,108 475 549
26 or Older 27,032a 29,155 1,088 879 346 269
GENDER            
Male 20,629 21,157 2,481 2,284 684 681
Female 13,586a 14,806 1,281 1,394 311 379
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,214 32,674 3,245 3,245 794 928
White 27,790 28,515 2,688 2,676 568a 737
Black or African American 1,915b 2,589 384 381 170 120
American Indian or Alaska Native 330 260 51 41 * 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 78 5 6 1 *
Asian 580 550 40 68 8 36
Two or More Races 523 682 77 75 17 16
Hispanic or Latino 3,001 3,290 517 432 202 133
90331
Table 1.39B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.8 14.4 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.4
AGE            
12-17 3.5 3.9 2.5 2.8 0.7b 1.0
18-25 19.2b 17.7 6.3 6.4 1.5 1.7
26 or Older 14.2a 15.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.1
GENDER            
Male 17.2 17.4 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.6
Female 10.6a 11.5 1.0 1.1 0.2 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.6 15.2 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.4
White 16.4 16.8 1.6 1.6 0.3a 0.4
Black or African American 6.6b 8.8 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 26.1 24.0 4.1 3.7 * 1.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 8.6 0.7 0.7 0.1 *
Asian 5.5 5.1 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.3
Two or More Races 19.1 22.6 2.8 2.5 0.6 0.5
Hispanic or Latino 8.8 9.4 1.5 1.2 0.6 0.4
90331
Table 1.40A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 896 973 627 690 175b 242
GENDER            
Male 477 501 339 376 102a 145
Female 419 472 288 314 73 97
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 734 800 495a 591 130b 200
White 627 677 440 503 118a 173
Black or African American 47 54 23 43 4 14
American Indian or Alaska Native 18 19 * 7 1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 24 8 15 4 3 1
Two or More Races 17a 41 9b 33 4 9
Hispanic or Latino 162 173 132 98 45 42
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 328 344 236 283 65a 110
Female, White, Not Hispanic 299 334 203 220 53 63
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 19 24 13 19 3 4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 28 30 9 24 2 10
Male, Hispanic 93 100 72 57 28 27
Female, Hispanic 69 73 60 41 16 15
90331
Table 1.40B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.5 3.9 2.5 2.8 0.7b 1.0
GENDER            
Male 3.7 3.9 2.6 3.0 0.8a 1.1
Female 3.4 3.9 2.3 2.6 0.6 0.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.6 4.0 2.4a 2.9 0.6b 1.0
White 4.2 4.6 2.9 3.4 0.8b 1.2
Black or African American 1.2 1.4 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 13.8 * 4.8 0.8 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.4 0.8 1.5 0.5 0.3 0.1
Two or More Races 4.1a 8.1 2.2b 6.6 0.9 1.9
Hispanic or Latino 3.5 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.0 0.9
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 4.3 4.6 3.1 3.8 0.8b 1.5
Female, White, Not Hispanic 4.1 4.7 2.8 3.1 0.7 0.9
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 1.0 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.5 1.6 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.6
Male, Hispanic 3.9 4.2 3.0 2.4 1.2 1.1
Female, Hispanic 3.0 3.1 2.6 1.8 0.7 0.7
90331
Table 1.41A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,287b 5,836 2,048 2,108 475 549
GENDER            
Male 3,531 3,322 1,348 1,336 319 354
Female 2,756a 2,514 699 773 156 195
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,513b 5,034 1,830 1,829 419 471
White 4,798b 4,316 1,566 1,525 346 393
Black or African American 374 441 176 206 60 53
American Indian or Alaska Native * 55 8a 19 * 4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12 * 2 * 1 *
Asian 151 112 25 39 4 11
Two or More Races 118 93 52 34 6 6
Hispanic or Latino 774 802 218 280 55 79
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,232 1,090 410 378 113 98
High School Graduate 2,040 1,950 737 756 181 215
Some College 2,147 2,047 700 787 136a 192
College Graduate 869 750 200 188 45 44
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 3,282b 2,908 897 865 190 230
Part-Time 1,433 1,435 559 576 140 132
Unemployed 628 662 242a 316 71 84
Other1 945 831 349 352 74 103
90331
Table 1.41B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 19.2b 17.7 6.3 6.4 1.5 1.7
GENDER            
Male 21.4 20.1 8.2 8.1 1.9 2.1
Female 17.0a 15.4 4.3 4.7 1.0 1.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 20.5b 18.5 6.8 6.7 1.6 1.7
White 23.7b 21.3 7.7 7.5 1.7 1.9
Black or African American 8.3 9.5 3.9 4.4 1.3 1.1
American Indian or Alaska Native * 31.9 4.8a 11.1 * 2.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9.1 * 1.2 * 0.4 *
Asian 10.4 7.5 1.8 2.6 0.3 0.7
Two or More Races 26.7 22.6 11.8 8.3 1.3 1.6
Hispanic or Latino 13.4 13.8 3.8 4.8 1.0 1.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 19.8 18.5 6.6 6.4 1.8 1.7
High School Graduate 18.3 16.8 6.6 6.5 1.6 1.8
Some College 19.6 18.9 6.4 7.2 1.2a 1.8
College Graduate 19.7a 16.4 4.5 4.1 1.0 1.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 21.4b 19.4 5.9 5.8 1.2 1.5
Part-Time 17.0 16.8 6.6 6.7 1.7 1.5
Unemployed 24.0 21.6 9.3 10.3 2.7 2.7
Other1 14.8 13.1 5.5 5.5 1.2 1.6
90331
Table 1.42A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 27,032a 29,155 1,088 879 346 269
GENDER            
Male 16,621 17,335 793 572 263 182
Female 10,411b 11,820 294 308 83 87
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 24,967a 26,840 920 825 244 257
White 22,365 23,521 682 647 104 172
Black or African American 1,493a 2,094 185 132 106 53
American Indian or Alaska Native 252 * * 15 * 8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 405 430 * 24 * 23
Two or More Races 388 548 16 7 8 *
Hispanic or Latino 2,065 2,315 167a 54 102a 13
EDUCATION            
< High School 3,062 3,147 242a 108 77 44
High School Graduate 7,627 8,244 259 228 105 98
Some College 8,084 8,245 319 300 78 82
College Graduate 8,259a 9,520 269 244 86 45
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 19,371 20,152 700 495 240 164
Part-Time 2,872b 3,813 194 130 50 37
Unemployed 894a 1,248 105 102 32 39
Other1 3,895 3,941 89 153 24 29
90331
Table 1.42B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 14.2a 15.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.1
GENDER            
Male 18.3 18.8 0.9a 0.6 0.3 0.2
Female 10.5a 11.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.0a 16.0 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.2
White 16.7 17.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1
Black or African American 7.2a 9.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 27.1 * * 1.9 * 1.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5.0 5.2 * 0.3 * 0.3
Two or More Races 20.7 26.1 0.8 0.3 0.4 *
Hispanic or Latino 8.7 9.4 0.7a 0.2 0.4a 0.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 10.2 10.8 0.8a 0.4 0.3 0.2
High School Graduate 13.4 14.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
Some College 17.4 17.8 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
College Graduate 14.7 16.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 18.3 18.8 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2
Part-Time 13.6b 17.6 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.2
Unemployed 19.9 21.1 2.3 1.7 0.7 0.7
Other1 6.7 6.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1
90331
Table 1.43A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 33,319 34,990 3,135 2,988 821 818
GENDER            
Male 20,152 20,657 2,142 1,907 582 536
Female 13,167a 14,334 994 1,080 239 282
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 30,480 31,874 2,750 2,654 663 727
White 27,163 27,837 2,248 2,172 450 565
Black or African American 1,868a 2,535 361 338 166 106
American Indian or Alaska Native 312 241 44 34 * 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 77 4 6 1 *
Asian 556 542 25 63 4 34
Two or More Races 506 641 68 41 14 6
Hispanic or Latino 2,839 3,117 385 334 157 91
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,293 4,236 652a 485 190 142
High School Graduate 9,667 10,193 996 983 287 313
Some College 10,230 10,292 1,019 1,087 213 274
College Graduate 9,128a 10,270 469 432 131 89
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 22,652 23,060 1,597 1,360 430 395
Part-Time 4,305b 5,248 753 706 190 169
Unemployed 1,522a 1,910 347 418 103 122
Other1 4,840 4,773 438 504 98 132
90331
Table 1.43B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 15.0 15.6 1.4 1.3 0.4 0.4
GENDER            
Male 18.8 19.0 2.0 1.8 0.5 0.5
Female 11.4 12.3 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.8 16.4 1.4 1.4 0.3 0.4
White 17.6 18.0 1.5 1.4 0.3 0.4
Black or African American 7.4b 9.8 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 28.3 25.5 4.0 3.6 * 1.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 9.5 0.6 0.7 0.1 *
Asian 5.8 5.5 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.4
Two or More Races 21.8 25.5 2.9 1.6 0.6 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 9.6 10.3 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.3
EDUCATION            
< High School 11.8 12.1 1.8a 1.4 0.5 0.4
High School Graduate 14.2 14.5 1.5 1.4 0.4 0.4
Some College 17.8 18.0 1.8 1.9 0.4 0.5
College Graduate 15.1 16.4 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 18.6 18.9 1.3 1.1 0.4 0.3
Part-Time 14.6b 17.4 2.6 2.3 0.6 0.6
Unemployed 21.4 21.3 4.9 4.7 1.5 1.4
Other1 7.5 7.5 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.2
90331
Table 1.44A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 22,477 22,274 2,080 2,047 616 640
AGE            
12-17 2,422 2,307 994 978 295 268
18-25 3,690a 3,411 526 533 130 104
26 or Older 16,365 16,555 560 536 191 268
GENDER            
Male 14,285 14,029 1,333 1,266 393 436
Female 8,192 8,244 748 782 223 204
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 20,212 19,749 1,736 1,702 483 535
White 18,097 17,520 1,511 1,423 403 435
Black or African American 1,090 1,224 138 115 54 38
American Indian or Alaska Native 160 111 20 15 4 0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 29 2 7 1 5
Asian 446 371 34a 107 16 46
Two or More Races 357 493 31 35 5 10
Hispanic or Latino 2,265 2,524 345 345 133 105
90331
Table 1.44B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9.1 8.9 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.3
AGE            
12-17 9.6 9.3 3.9 3.9 1.2 1.1
18-25 11.3a 10.4 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.3
26 or Older 8.6 8.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
GENDER            
Male 11.9 11.6 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.4
Female 6.4 6.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.5 9.2 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.2
White 10.7 10.3 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.3
Black or African American 3.7 4.1 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.6 10.3 1.6 1.4 0.3 0.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 3.3 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.6
Asian 4.2 3.4 0.3a 1.0 0.2 0.4
Two or More Races 13.0 16.4 1.1 1.2 0.2 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 6.6 7.2 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.3
90331
Table 1.45A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,422 2,307 994 978 295 268
GENDER            
Male 1,220a 1,072 500 467 158 135
Female 1,202 1,235 494 512 136 134
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,978a 1,794 806 743 235 208
White 1,550b 1,354 665 592 179 161
Black or African American 293 279 94 84 45 25
American Indian or Alaska Native 18 23 9 10 3 0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 62 75 21 33 5 16
Two or More Races 49 57 16 21 2 4
Hispanic or Latino 443 514 188 235 59 60
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 772b 633 335 278 99 78
Female, White, Not Hispanic 778 721 329 314 80 82
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 154 152 49 45 23 17
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 139 127 46 38 23 8
Male, Hispanic 232 224 91 114 29 36
Female, Hispanic 211a 290 98 121 31 24
90331
Table 1.45B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9.6 9.3 3.9 3.9 1.2 1.1
GENDER            
Male 9.5a 8.4 3.9 3.7 1.2 1.1
Female 9.7 10.1 4.0 4.2 1.1 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.6 8.9 3.9 3.7 1.1 1.0
White 10.3a 9.2 4.4 4.0 1.2 1.1
Black or African American 7.6 7.4 2.4 2.2 1.2 0.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.1 16.8 5.5 7.4 1.6 0.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 6.1 7.8 2.1 3.4 0.5 1.6
Two or More Races 11.7 11.4 3.7 4.1 0.5 0.8
Hispanic or Latino 9.5 10.9 4.0 5.0 1.3 1.3
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 10.0a 8.4 4.4 3.7 1.3 1.0
Female, White, Not Hispanic 10.6 10.1 4.5 4.4 1.1 1.2
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 7.9 8.0 2.5 2.4 1.2 0.9
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 7.3 6.8 2.4 2.0 1.2 0.4
Male, Hispanic 9.7 9.3 3.8 4.7 1.2 1.5
Female, Hispanic 9.3a 12.5 4.3 5.2 1.3 1.0
90331
Table 1.46A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,690a 3,411 526 533 130 104
GENDER            
Male 2,229a 2,019 379 352 81 72
Female 1,461 1,392 147 180 49 32
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,172a 2,908 441 455 103 80
White 2,866 2,635 401 407 83 70
Black or African American 145 146 18 20 9 2
American Indian or Alaska Native * 18 * 3 * 0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 0 * 0 *
Asian 69 60 13 14 11 4
Two or More Races 58 42 8 8 * 0
Hispanic or Latino 518 503 85 77 27 24
EDUCATION            
< High School 765a 620 132a 81 31 12
High School Graduate 1,173 1,155 198 203 61 48
Some College 1,251 1,166 164 209 31 33
College Graduate 501 470 32 39 6 10
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1,926b 1,670 213 197 64 40
Part-Time 880 884 141 175 25 38
Unemployed 310 329 49 73 13 17
Other1 573 529 124 87 27a 8
90331
Table 1.46B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 11.3a 10.4 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.3
GENDER            
Male 13.5a 12.2 2.3 2.1 0.5 0.4
Female 9.0 8.5 0.9 1.1 0.3 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.8a 10.7 1.6 1.7 0.4 0.3
White 14.2a 13.0 2.0 2.0 0.4 0.3
Black or African American 3.2 3.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.0
American Indian or Alaska Native * 10.2 * 1.6 * 0.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 0.3 * 0.3 *
Asian 4.8 4.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.3
Two or More Races 13.0 10.2 1.8 2.1 * 0.1
Hispanic or Latino 9.0 8.7 1.5 1.3 0.5 0.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 12.3a 10.5 2.1a 1.4 0.5 0.2
High School Graduate 10.5 9.9 1.8 1.7 0.6 0.4
Some College 11.4 10.7 1.5 1.9 0.3 0.3
College Graduate 11.3 10.3 0.7 0.9 0.1 0.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 12.6a 11.1 1.4 1.3 0.4 0.3
Part-Time 10.4 10.3 1.7 2.0 0.3 0.4
Unemployed 11.9 10.7 1.9 2.4 0.5 0.6
Other1 9.0 8.3 1.9 1.4 0.4a 0.1

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