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90415
Table 6.1A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 10,158 4,252 5,906
18 400 156 244
19 388 141 247
20 330 138 192
21 302 126 176
22 276 112 163
23 298 115 183
24 250 100 149
25 239 113 126
26-29 970 386 584
30-34 883 334 549
35-39 1,216 522 694
40-44 1,025 420 605
45-49 946 442 504
50-54 784 259 525
55-59 482 221 260
60-64 366 198 168
65 or Older 1,005 469 535
90415
Table 6.1B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 4.5 3.9 5.1
18 8.2 6.2 10.2
19 8.9 6.1 12.0
20 8.3 6.9 9.8
21 7.6 6.3 8.8
22 6.8 5.6 8.0
23 7.3 5.7 8.9
24 6.5 5.3 7.7
25 6.3 6.1 6.5
26-29 5.7 4.4 7.0
30-34 4.8 3.7 5.7
35-39 6.0 5.3 6.6
40-44 4.8 4.0 5.5
45-49 4.2 3.9 4.5
50-54 3.6 2.5 4.5
55-59 2.7 2.5 2.9
60-64 2.4 2.7 2.1
65 or Older 2.7 2.9 2.5
90415
Table 6.2A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 10,158 2,483 5,039 2,636
GENDER        
Male 4,252 1,001 2,103 1,147
Female 5,906 1,482 2,935 1,489
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,660 2,059 4,337 2,264
White 6,718 1,527 3,329 1,862
Black or African American 1,360 355 806 199
American Indian or Alaska Native 43 17 14 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 291 100 100 *
Two or More Races 199 49 54 *
Hispanic or Latino 1,498 424 702 372
EDUCATION        
< High School 2,893 691 1,124 1,078
High School Graduate 3,200 827 1,606 768
Some College 2,746 759 1,517 470
College Graduate 1,318 206 792 320
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 4,036 951 2,548 537
Part-Time 1,328 587 558 183
Unemployed 918 373 483 62
Other1 3,876 571 1,450 1,855
90415
Table 6.2B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 4.5 7.5 5.0 2.9
GENDER        
Male 3.9 6.0 4.3 2.7
Female 5.1 9.1 5.8 3.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.5 7.6 5.2 2.7
White 4.3 7.5 5.2 2.6
Black or African American 5.3 7.6 6.6 2.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.5 10.1 3.5 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 3.0 6.7 1.9 *
Two or More Races 7.9 12.0 6.2 *
Hispanic or Latino 4.9 7.3 4.2 4.9
EDUCATION        
< High School 8.3 11.7 8.5 6.8
High School Graduate 4.6 7.1 5.7 2.5
Some College 4.8 7.0 5.8 2.3
College Graduate 2.1 4.5 2.5 1.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 3.3 6.3 3.6 1.5
Part-Time 4.4 6.9 5.3 1.6
Unemployed 10.2 12.2 11.2 3.9
Other1 6.1 9.0 10.7 4.3
90415
Table 6.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Drug Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 17,773 1,996 15,777
Marijuana and Hashish 13,546 1,412 12,134
Cocaine 1,757 347 1,411
Crack 352 109 243
Heroin 199 65 134
Hallucinogens 818 141 677
LSD 104 11 93
PCP * 1 *
Ecstasy 450 69 381
Inhalants 372 56 316
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5,514 889 4,625
Pain Relievers 4,180 643 3,537
OxyContin® 386 69 316
Tranquilizers 1,650 390 1,260
Stimulants4 791 167 624
Methamphetamine4 285 55 229
Sedatives 199 59 140
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7,474 1,253 6,221
90415
Table 6.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2008
Drug Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 7.9 19.6 7.3
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0 13.9 5.6
Cocaine 0.8 3.4 0.7
Crack 0.2 1.1 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.6 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 1.4 0.3
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.0
PCP * 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.2 0.7 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.6 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2.5 8.8 2.2
Pain Relievers 1.9 6.3 1.6
OxyContin® 0.2 0.7 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.7 3.8 0.6
Stimulants4 0.4 1.6 0.3
Methamphetamine4 0.1 0.5 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.6 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 3.3 12.3 2.9
90415
Table 6.4A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 68,024 5,184 62,840
Cigarettes 57,520 4,837 52,683
Smokeless Tobacco 8,123 379 7,744
Cigars 12,183 942 11,241
Pipe Tobacco 1,700 215 1,485
ALCOHOL 125,339 5,158 120,181
Binge Alcohol Use3 55,907 3,134 52,773
Heavy Alcohol Use3 16,801 1,228 15,573
90415
Table 6.4B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2008
Substance Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 30.2 51.0 29.3
Cigarettes 25.6 47.6 24.5
Smokeless Tobacco 3.6 3.7 3.6
Cigars 5.4 9.3 5.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 2.1 0.7
ALCOHOL 55.7 50.8 56.0
Binge Alcohol Use3 24.9 30.9 24.6
Heavy Alcohol Use3 7.5 12.1 7.3
130823
Table 6.5A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 8,331 2,868 5,463
18 161 43 118
19 141 32 109
20 157 66 92
21 139 34 105
22 162 54 107
23 172 59 113
24 161 36 124
25 143 50 94
26-29 789 264 526
30-34 895 338 556
35-39 1,113 337 776
40-44 928 384 544
45-49 1,038 410 628
50-54 814 175 638
55-59 520 179 341
60-64 525 207 317
65 or Older 474 198 276
130823
Table 6.5B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 3.7 2.6 4.7
18 3.3 1.7 4.9
19 3.2 1.4 5.3
20 4.0 3.3 4.7
21 3.5 1.7 5.3
22 4.0 2.7 5.3
23 4.2 2.9 5.5
24 4.2 1.9 6.3
25 3.8 2.7 4.8
26-29 4.6 3.0 6.3
30-34 4.8 3.8 5.8
35-39 5.5 3.4 7.4
40-44 4.3 3.7 5.0
45-49 4.6 3.6 5.6
50-54 3.7 1.7 5.5
55-59 2.9 2.0 3.8
60-64 3.5 2.8 4.0
65 or Older 1.3 1.2 1.3
130823
Table 6.6A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 8,331 1,236 4,763 2,332
GENDER        
Male 2,868 374 1,734 760
Female 5,463 862 3,029 1,572
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,553 1,005 4,394 2,154
White 6,515 798 3,757 1,959
Black or African American 657 127 440 90
American Indian or Alaska Native 28 * 19 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9 * * *
Asian 220 38 95 *
Two or More Races 124 27 83 *
Hispanic or Latino 778 231 368 179
EDUCATION        
< High School 1,171 208 670 293
High School Graduate 2,726 425 1,502 799
Some College 2,635 468 1,527 641
College Graduate 1,799 135 1,064 600
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 3,541 508 2,524 510
Part-Time 1,127 336 551 240
Unemployed 605 154 321 *
Other1 3,058 238 1,367 1,453
130823
Table 6.6B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 3.7 3.8 4.8 2.5
GENDER        
Male 2.6 2.3 3.5 1.8
Female 4.7 5.3 6.0 3.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.7 5.3 2.5
White 4.2 3.9 5.9 2.8
Black or African American 2.5 2.7 3.6 1.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.0 * 4.8 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.2 * * *
Asian 2.2 2.6 1.8 *
Two or More Races 4.9 6.5 9.5 *
Hispanic or Latino 2.6 4.0 2.2 2.3
EDUCATION        
< High School 3.3 3.5 5.0 1.8
High School Graduate 3.9 3.7 5.3 2.6
Some College 4.6 4.3 5.8 3.2
College Graduate 2.9 2.9 3.3 2.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 2.9 3.4 3.5 1.4
Part-Time 3.7 3.9 5.2 2.1
Unemployed 6.7 5.0 7.4 *
Other1 4.8 3.7 10.1 3.3
130823
Table 6.7A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 8,331 1,236 4,763 2,332
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 1,619 229 856 534
New England 398 43 225 130
Middle Atlantic 1,221 186 631 404
Midwest 1,968 273 1,197 498
East North Central 1,424 197 877 350
West North Central 545 76 320 148
South 2,785 415 1,624 747
South Atlantic 1,396 217 830 350
East South Central 443 57 290 96
West South Central 946 140 505 301
West 1,959 319 1,086 553
Mountain 727 107 399 221
Pacific 1,232 212 687 332
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 4,301 675 2,452 1,174
Small Metro 2,692 397 1,533 763
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,771 264 1,046 460
< 250K Pop. 921 132 486 303
Nonmetro 1,338 164 778 395
Urbanized 631 90 316 225
Less Urbanized 620 67 386 167
Completely Rural 86 8 76 2
130823
Table 6.7B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 3.7 3.8 4.8 2.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 3.9 3.8 4.7 3.0
New England 3.6 2.8 4.7 2.8
Middle Atlantic 4.0 4.2 4.7 3.1
Midwest 4.0 3.8 5.5 2.4
East North Central 4.1 3.9 5.8 2.4
West North Central 3.7 3.4 5.0 2.4
South 3.4 3.5 4.5 2.2
South Atlantic 3.2 3.6 4.4 1.9
East South Central 3.3 3.1 5.0 1.7
West South Central 3.8 3.6 4.4 3.1
West 3.8 4.0 4.6 2.7
Mountain 4.6 4.5 5.6 3.5
Pacific 3.4 3.8 4.2 2.4
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 3.6 3.8 4.4 2.6
Small Metro 4.0 3.9 5.3 2.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.9 4.0 5.5 2.4
< 250K Pop. 4.0 3.7 5.0 3.1
Nonmetro 3.6 3.3 5.2 2.3
Urbanized 4.1 3.9 5.2 3.2
Less Urbanized 3.4 2.8 5.3 2.0
Completely Rural 2.4 2.3 5.1 0.1
130823
Table 6.8A (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Drug Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 30,892 2,289 28,596
Marijuana and Hashish 22,633 1,625 21,002
Cocaine 4,977 488 4,489
Crack 1,079 160 919
Heroin 415 62 353
Hallucinogens 2,982 278 2,704
LSD 623 55 568
PCP 37 3 34
Ecstasy 1,770 180 1,589
Inhalants 1,079 69 1,010
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 13,271 1,359 11,911
Pain Relievers 10,304 1,041 9,262
OxyContin® 1,236 126 1,110
Tranquilizers 4,616 591 4,024
Stimulants4 2,275 332 1,943
Methamphetamine4 760 125 635
Sedatives 513 128 385
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 17,159 1,630 15,529
130823
Table 6.8B (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008
Drug Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 13.7 27.5 13.2
Marijuana and Hashish 10.1 19.5 9.7
Cocaine 2.2 5.9 2.1
Crack 0.5 1.9 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.7 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.3 3.3 1.2
LSD 0.3 0.7 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.8 2.2 0.7
Inhalants 0.5 0.8 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5.9 16.3 5.5
Pain Relievers 4.6 12.5 4.3
OxyContin® 0.5 1.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 2.1 7.1 1.9
Stimulants4 1.0 4.0 0.9
Methamphetamine4 0.3 1.5 0.3
Sedatives 0.2 1.5 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7.6 19.6 7.2
130823
Table 6.9A (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
PAST YEAR      
Tobacco Products2 79,803 4,650 75,140
Cigarettes 66,368 4,296 62,059
Smokeless Tobacco 10,607 503 10,104
Cigars 24,155 1,177 22,978
Alcohol 157,239 6,095 151,097
PAST MONTH      
Tobacco Products2 68,085 4,173 63,900
Cigarettes 57,551 3,894 53,646
Smokeless Tobacco 8,150 298 7,852
Cigars 12,274 616 11,658
Pipe Tobacco 1,707 123 1,585
Alcohol 125,213 4,553 120,616
Binge Alcohol Use3 56,159 2,274 53,868
Heavy Alcohol Use3 16,877 933 15,928
130823
Table 6.9B (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008
Substance Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
PAST YEAR      
Tobacco Products2 35.5 55.8 34.7
Cigarettes 29.5 51.6 28.7
Smokeless Tobacco 4.7 6.0 4.7
Cigars 10.7 14.1 10.6
Alcohol 69.9 73.2 69.8
PAST MONTH      
Tobacco Products2 30.3 50.1 29.5
Cigarettes 25.6 46.7 24.8
Smokeless Tobacco 3.6 3.6 3.6
Cigars 5.5 7.4 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 1.5 0.7
Alcohol 55.7 54.6 55.7
Binge Alcohol Use3 25.0 27.3 24.9
Heavy Alcohol Use3 7.5 11.2 7.4
130823
Table 6.10A (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total Dependence No Dependence Dependence or
Abuse
No Dependence
or Abuse
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8,331 718 7,613 888 7,442
Marijuana 8,331 301 8,030 451 7,880
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,331 506 7,825 584 7,747
ALCOHOL 8,331 1,069 7,262 1,533 6,798
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 8,331 268 8,063 469 7,862
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 8,331 1,519 6,812 1,952 6,379
130823
Table 6.10B (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Percentages, 2008
Substance Total Dependence No Dependence Dependence or
Abuse
No Dependence
or Abuse
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.7 17.0 3.5 15.2 3.4
Marijuana 3.7 13.4 3.6 13.3 3.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7 21.9 3.5 18.4 3.5
ALCOHOL 3.7 12.8 3.4 8.9 3.3
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 3.7 22.8 3.6 17.8 3.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 3.7 13.3 3.2 9.5 3.1
130823
Table 6.11A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 5,857 888 4,968
Marijuana 3,382 451 2,930
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 3,170 584 2,585
Alcohol 17,258 1,533 15,725
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2,635 469 2,165
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 20,480 1,952 18,528
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 4,235 718 3,516
Marijuana 2,246 301 1,945
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2,309 506 1,803
Alcohol 8,356 1,069 7,286
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1,176 268 907
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 11,414 1,519 9,895
130823
Table 6.11B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Percentages, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 2.6 10.7 2.3
Marijuana 1.5 5.4 1.4
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.4 7.0 1.2
Alcohol 7.7 18.4 7.3
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1.2 5.6 1.0
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 9.1 23.4 8.6
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 1.9 8.6 1.6
Marijuana 1.0 3.6 0.9
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.0 6.1 0.8
Alcohol 3.7 12.8 3.4
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.5 3.2 0.4
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 5.1 18.2 4.6
130823
Table 6.12A (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 5,857 888 4,968
18-25 2,591 293 2,298
26-49 2,918 553 2,366
50 or Older 348 43 305
MALE 3,561 341 3,220
18-25 1,520 100 1,420
26-49 1,834 229 1,605
50 or Older 207 * 195
FEMALE 2,296 547 1,748
18-25 1,071 193 878
26-49 1,084 323 761
50 or Older 141 31 110
130823
Table 6.12B (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 2.6 10.7 2.3
18-25 7.9 23.7 7.3
26-49 2.9 11.6 2.5
50 or Older 0.4 1.8 0.3
MALE 3.3 11.9 3.0
18-25 9.2 26.8 8.8
26-49 3.7 13.2 3.4
50 or Older 0.5 * 0.5
FEMALE 2.0 10.0 1.6
18-25 6.5 22.3 5.7
26-49 2.1 10.7 1.6
50 or Older 0.3 2.0 0.2
130823
Table 6.13A (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 17,258 1,533 15,725
18-25 5,726 472 5,254
26-49 8,785 928 7,856
50 or Older 2,747 133 2,615
MALE 11,245 686 10,559
18-25 3,463 186 3,277
26-49 5,899 464 5,435
50 or Older 1,884 * 1,848
FEMALE 6,013 846 5,166
18-25 2,263 286 1,977
26-49 2,886 464 2,422
50 or Older 864 97 767
130823
Table 6.13B (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 7.7 18.4 7.3
18-25 17.4 38.1 16.6
26-49 8.8 19.5 8.3
50 or Older 3.0 5.7 2.9
MALE 10.4 23.9 10.0
18-25 20.9 49.7 20.2
26-49 11.9 26.8 11.4
50 or Older 4.4 * 4.4
FEMALE 5.2 15.5 4.7
18-25 13.8 33.1 12.7
26-49 5.7 15.3 5.1
50 or Older 1.7 6.2 1.6
130823
Table 6.14A (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 30,201 5,458 24,743
AGE      
18-25 3,612 567 3,045
26-49 14,030 3,192 10,838
50 or Older 12,559 1,699 10,860
GENDER      
Male 10,141 1,717 8,424
Female 20,060 3,741 16,318
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 28,137 5,059 23,077
White 24,818 4,462 20,355
Black or African American 2,231 364 1,867
American Indian or Alaska Native 124 * 99
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 442 * 315
Two or More Races 469 * 392
Hispanic or Latino 2,064 * 1,665
EDUCATION      
< High School 3,968 639 3,330
High School Graduate 8,649 1,716 6,932
Some College 8,138 1,672 6,466
College Graduate 9,446 1,431 8,015
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 13,254 2,016 11,238
Part-Time 4,697 772 3,925
Unemployed 1,285 * 916
Other2 10,965 2,301 8,663
130823
Table 6.14B (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 13.5 65.7 11.5
AGE      
18-25 11.0 45.9 9.6
26-49 14.1 67.2 11.4
50 or Older 13.7 73.2 12.1
GENDER      
Male 9.4 60.0 8.0
Female 17.3 68.7 14.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.5 67.2 12.4
White 16.1 68.7 13.8
Black or African American 8.7 55.4 7.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 13.2 * 10.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 4.5 * 3.3
Two or More Races 18.9 * 16.7
Hispanic or Latino 6.8 * 5.7
EDUCATION      
< High School 11.4 54.6 9.9
High School Graduate 12.4 62.9 10.4
Some College 14.2 63.7 11.9
College Graduate 15.1 80.0 13.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 10.9 57.0 9.5
Part-Time 15.6 68.8 13.5
Unemployed 14.3 * 10.9
Other2 17.3 75.6 14.4
130823
Table 6.15A (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 30,201 5,458 24,743
GEOGRAPHIC REGION      
Northeast 5,749 1,166 4,583
New England 1,793 * 1,500
Middle Atlantic 3,956 873 3,083
Midwest 7,046 1,325 5,721
East North Central 4,858 938 3,920
West North Central 2,188 * 1,801
South 10,285 1,717 8,568
South Atlantic 5,811 940 4,870
East South Central 1,557 * 1,345
West South Central 2,917 565 2,353
West 7,121 1,250 5,871
Mountain 2,378 448 1,929
Pacific 4,743 802 3,941
COUNTY TYPE      
Large Metro 15,290 2,729 12,561
Small Metro 9,672 1,793 7,878
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 6,412 1,261 5,152
< 250K Pop. 3,260 533 2,727
Nonmetro 5,239 935 4,303
Urbanized 2,381 * 1,920
Less Urbanized 2,460 416 2,045
Completely Rural 397 * 338
130823
Table 6.15B (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 13.5 65.7 11.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION      
Northeast 13.8 72.2 11.5
New England 16.4 * 14.3
Middle Atlantic 12.9 71.8 10.5
Midwest 14.3 67.9 12.1
East North Central 14.1 66.7 11.9
West North Central 14.7 * 12.6
South 12.6 61.7 10.9
South Atlantic 13.4 67.4 11.6
East South Central 11.7 * 10.4
West South Central 11.7 59.7 9.8
West 13.8 63.8 11.8
Mountain 15.1 61.7 12.9
Pacific 13.2 65.1 11.4
COUNTY TYPE      
Large Metro 12.8 63.5 10.9
Small Metro 14.2 66.8 12.1
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 14.3 71.4 11.9
< 250K Pop. 14.2 57.9 12.4
Nonmetro 14.2 70.5 12.1
Urbanized 15.5 * 13.1
Less Urbanized 13.7 68.2 11.8
Completely Rural 10.9 * 9.5
130823
Table 6.16A (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 5,458 713 3,822 4,973
AGE        
18-25 567 97 406 444
26-49 3,192 327 2,283 2,861
50 or Older 1,699 289 1,133 1,669
GENDER        
Male 1,717 239 1,188 1,534
Female 3,741 474 2,634 3,439
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,059 610 3,542 4,644
White 4,462 520 3,090 4,135
Black or African American 364 83 288 293
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian * * * *
Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 639 106 379 574
High School Graduate 1,716 182 1,089 1,572
Some College 1,672 248 1,233 1,529
College Graduate 1,431 178 1,121 1,298
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 2,016 128 1,409 1,822
Part-Time 772 * 593 683
Unemployed * 32 * *
Other2 2,301 356 1,621 2,133
130823
Table 6.16B (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 65.7 8.6 46.2 59.7
AGE        
18-25 45.9 7.9 33.0 35.9
26-49 67.2 6.9 48.2 60.1
50 or Older 73.2 12.4 49.0 71.5
GENDER        
Male 60.0 8.3 41.7 53.5
Female 68.7 8.7 48.5 63.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 67.2 8.1 47.2 61.5
White 68.7 8.0 47.7 63.5
Black or African American 55.4 12.8 44.8 44.7
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian * * * *
Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 54.6 9.0 32.7 49.1
High School Graduate 62.9 6.7 40.0 57.7
Some College 63.7 9.4 47.3 58.0
College Graduate 80.0 9.9 62.8 72.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 57.0 3.6 39.9 51.4
Part-Time 68.8 * 52.9 60.6
Unemployed * 5.3 * *
Other2 75.6 11.7 53.7 69.8
130823
Table 6.17A (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE        
Inpatient 33 6 17 *
Outpatient 428 105 306 17
Prescription Medication 1,521 137 860 525
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient and Outpatient 22 10 8 3
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 51 15 15 *
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 2,768 228 1,683 857
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 604 63 285 *
130823
Table 6.17B (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE        
Inpatient 0.6 1.1 0.5 *
Outpatient 7.9 18.6 9.7 1.0
Prescription Medication 28.0 24.2 27.1 31.1
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.2
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.9 2.7 0.5 *
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 51.0 40.4 53.0 50.8
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 11.1 11.1 9.0 *
130823
Table 6.18A (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1,138 167 669 *
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
2,211 236 1,261 *
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 789 61 502 *
Outpatient Medical Clinic 384 37 238 *
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 123 22 81 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 24 18 7 *
Some Other Place3 33 5 5 *
130823
Table 6.18B (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 30.2 41.2 29.4 *
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
58.7 58.0 55.3 *
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 20.9 15.1 22.0 *
Outpatient Medical Clinic 10.2 9.1 10.4 *
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 3.3 5.4 3.6 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.6 4.4 0.3 *
Some Other Place3 0.9 1.2 0.2 *
131218
Table 6.19A – (REVISED) Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Serious Mental Illness and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Serious Mental Illness/Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
Mental Health
Treatment Only2
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility
Only3
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
EITHER SMI OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 9,447 7,951 651 834
SMI 5,524 5,065 65 393
SMI but not Dependence/Abuse 4,234 4,108 9 117
Dependence/Abuse 5,214 3,844 643 717
Dependence/Abuse but not SMI 3,923 2,887 586 441
Both SMI and Dependence/Abuse 1,290 956 57 276
NEITHER SMI NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 21,917 21,265 498 151
131218
Table 6.19B – (REVISED) Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Serious Mental Illness and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Percentages, 2008
Serious Mental Illness/Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
Mental Health
Treatment Only2
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility
Only3
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
EITHER SMI OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 35.3 29.7 2.4 3.1
SMI 66.5 61.0 0.8 4.7
SMI but not Dependence/Abuse 66.5 64.6 0.1 1.8
Dependence/Abuse 25.5 18.8 3.1 3.5
Dependence/Abuse but not SMI 21.2 15.6 3.2 2.4
Both SMI and Dependence/Abuse 66.3 49.1 2.9 14.1
NEITHER SMI NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 11.1 10.8 0.3 0.1
90407
Table 6.20A – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 29,401 30,002 2,126 1,963 15,344 15,241 24,730 25,422
AGE                
18-25 3,365 3,547 358 358 1,823 1,917 2,586 2,625
26-49 14,242 13,937 1,119a 757 7,941 7,837 11,715 11,614
50 or Older 11,794 12,518 650 847 5,581 5,487 10,429 11,184
GENDER                
Male 9,836 10,053 1,066 776 5,049 5,395 8,000 8,166
Female 19,565 19,949 1,060 1,187 10,295 9,846 16,730 17,256
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 27,241 27,951 1,838 1,661 14,181 14,079 23,073 23,845
White 24,647 24,637 1,397 1,179 12,638 12,155 21,169 21,393
Black or African American 1,711a 2,230 309 407 1,045 1,402 1,280 1,597
American Indian or Alaska Native 128 124 18 6 43 74 112 89
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 7 * 9 9
Asian 370 442 53 30 230 220 226 332
Two or More Races 359 464 44 10 219 181 278 424
Hispanic or Latino 2,160 2,051 288 302 1,164 1,162 1,657 1,577
EDUCATION                
< High School 4,443 3,927 790 683 2,085 1,647 3,593 3,206
High School Graduate 8,482 8,613 665 553 3,918 3,820 7,405 7,485
Some College 7,777 8,098 457 414 4,011 4,190 6,772 7,060
College Graduate 8,698 9,363 214 313 5,331 5,584 6,960 7,671
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 13,087 13,152 506 445 6,804 6,842 10,667 11,003
Part-Time 4,367 4,648 302 309 2,370 2,492 3,669 3,800
Unemployed 1,012 1,266 105 108 584 723 873 1,055
Other3 10,934 10,936 1,213 1,102 5,586 5,185 9,521 9,565
90407
Table 6.20B – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.2 13.4 1.0 0.9 6.9 6.8 11.1 11.3
AGE                
18-25 10.3 10.8 1.1 1.1 5.6 5.8 7.9 8.0
26-49 14.3 14.0 1.1a 0.8 8.0 7.9 11.7 11.6
50 or Older 13.2 13.6 0.7 0.9 6.2 6.0 11.6 12.2
GENDER                
Male 9.2 9.3 1.0 0.7 4.7 5.0 7.5 7.5
Female 17.0 17.2 0.9 1.0 9.0 8.5 14.5 14.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.2 14.4 1.0 0.9 7.4 7.3 12.0 12.3
White 16.0 16.0 0.9 0.8 8.2 7.9 13.8 13.9
Black or African American 6.8a 8.7 1.2 1.6 4.1 5.5 5.1 6.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.6 13.2 1.6 0.6 3.9 7.8 10.1 9.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 1.1 * 1.4 1.1
Asian 3.9 4.5 0.6 0.3 2.4 2.3 2.4 3.4
Two or More Races 15.6 18.8 1.9 0.4 9.5 7.2 12.1 17.1
Hispanic or Latino 7.3 6.8 1.0 1.0 3.9 3.8 5.6 5.2
EDUCATION                
< High School 12.3 11.3 2.2 2.0 5.8 4.7 9.9 9.2
High School Graduate 12.5 12.3 1.0 0.8 5.8 5.5 10.9 10.7
Some College 13.6 14.2 0.8 0.7 7.0 7.3 11.8 12.4
College Graduate 14.4 15.0 0.4 0.5 8.8 9.0 11.5 12.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 10.8 10.8 0.4 0.4 5.6 5.6 8.8 9.0
Part-Time 14.8 15.4 1.0 1.0 8.0 8.3 12.4 12.6
Unemployed 14.3 14.1 1.5 1.2 8.3 8.1 12.3 11.8
Other3 17.0 17.3 1.9 1.7 8.7 8.2 14.8 15.1
120411
Table 6.21A (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 29,556 30,201 2,145 1,970 15,433 15,327 24,864 25,598
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 6,174 5,749 468 545 3,668 3,310 5,101 4,576
Midwest 6,738 7,046 383 483 3,397 3,329 5,771 6,104
South 10,394 10,285 831a 564 4,953 4,843 8,861 9,189
West 6,249 7,121 462 377 3,414 3,845 5,132 5,730
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 14,624 15,290 962 1,118 8,144 8,261 11,969 12,503
Small Metro 9,570 9,672 659 546 4,882 4,968 8,255 8,322
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 6,154 6,412 363 370 3,143 3,328 5,298 5,514
< 250K Pop. 3,416 3,260 297 176 1,738 1,641 2,957 2,807
Nonmetro 5,361 5,239 523a 305 2,407 2,098 4,640 4,774
Urbanized 2,334 2,381 225 121 1,065 1,001 2,009 2,103
Less Urbanized 2,603 2,460 248 174 1,147 999 2,239 2,282
Completely Rural 425 397 50 10 195b 98 392 388
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 6,970 6,134 1,064a 701 3,981a 3,198 5,704 5,197
$20,000 - $49,999 8,884 8,785 659 534 4,350 4,386 7,616 7,630
$50,000 - $74,999 5,226 5,748 181 247 2,628 2,802 4,495 5,022
$75,000 or More 8,476a 9,534 241 487 4,474 4,941 7,049 7,750
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 6,665 6,034 974b 629 3,660 3,250 5,730 5,291
No 22,891 24,167 1,170 1,341 11,773 12,077 19,134 20,308
120411
Table 6.21B (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.3 13.5 1.0 0.9 7.0 6.8 11.2 11.4
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 15.0 13.8 1.1 1.3 8.9 8.0 12.3 11.0
Midwest 13.7 14.3 0.8 1.0 6.9 6.8 11.7 12.4
South 12.9 12.6 1.0a 0.7 6.1 5.9 11.0 11.2
West 12.2 13.8 0.9 0.7 6.7 7.4 10.0 11.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12.3 12.8 0.8 0.9 6.9 6.9 10.1 10.5
Small Metro 14.4 14.2 1.0 0.8 7.3 7.3 12.4 12.2
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 13.8 14.3 0.8 0.8 7.1 7.4 11.9 12.3
< 250K Pop. 15.5 14.2 1.3 0.8 7.9 7.2 13.4 12.2
Nonmetro 14.6 14.2 1.4a 0.8 6.5 5.7 12.6 12.9
Urbanized 15.5 15.5 1.5 0.8 7.1 6.5 13.3 13.7
Less Urbanized 14.8 13.7 1.4 1.0 6.5 5.6 12.7 12.7
Completely Rural 10.2 10.9 1.2 0.3 4.7a 2.7 9.4 10.6
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 17.2 16.2 2.6 1.8 9.8 8.4 14.0 13.7
$20,000 - $49,999 12.1 12.0 0.9 0.7 5.9 6.0 10.4 10.4
$50,000 - $74,999 12.9 13.8 0.4 0.6 6.5 6.7 11.1 12.1
$75,000 or More 12.6 13.3 0.4 0.7 6.6 6.9 10.5 10.8
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 20.8 19.5 3.0a 2.0 11.4 10.5 17.9 17.0
No 12.1 12.5 0.6 0.7 6.2 6.2 10.1 10.5
90407
Table 6.22A – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 556 469 99 92 249 134 209 242
Outpatient 3,907 3,907 626b 790 2,183 2,088 1,098 1,028
Prescription Medication 13,049 14,013 1,383 1,444 5,851 5,874 5,815 6,696
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 153 119 47 34 65 70 42 15
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 326a 164 47 82 127a 50 151a 32
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 10,207 10,028 987 948 5,043 5,145 4,177 3,935
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 1,049 1,156 159 144 641 503 248 509
90407
Table 6.22B – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 1.9 1.6 3.0 2.6 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.9
Outpatient 13.4 13.1 18.7a 22.4 15.4 15.1 9.4 8.3
Prescription Medication 44.6 46.9 41.3 40.9 41.3 42.4 49.5 53.7
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.1
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 1.1a 0.5 1.4 2.3 0.9a 0.4 1.3a 0.3
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 34.9 33.6 29.5 26.8 35.6 37.1 35.6 31.6
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 3.6 3.9 4.8 4.1 4.5 3.6 2.1 4.1
90407
Table 6.23A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 20,373 20,334 4,669 4,535 15,621 15,734
Illicit Drugs4 5,758 5,841 1,804 1,733 3,925 4,084
Alcohol 17,273 17,119 3,614 3,633 13,584 13,431
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 10,800 11,336 2,991 3,181 7,751 8,117
Illicit Drugs4 4,107 4,227 1,363 1,352 2,719 2,863
Alcohol 7,897 8,286 2,006 2,301 5,842 5,952
90407
Table 6.23B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 9.2 9.0 15.9 15.1 8.1 8.1
Illicit Drugs4 2.6 2.6 6.1 5.8 2.0 2.1
Alcohol 7.8 7.6 12.3 12.1 7.1 6.9
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 4.9 5.0 10.2 10.6 4.0 4.2
Illicit Drugs4 1.8 1.9 4.6 4.5 1.4 1.5
Alcohol 3.5 3.7 6.8 7.7 3.0 3.1
90407
Table 6.24A – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,128 3,352 394 451 1,805 1,736 929 1,165
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part
  of a Clinic
8,380 8,744 1,080 1,156 4,553 4,558 2,747 3,030
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 3,281 2,992 278 241 1,547 1,557 1,456 1,194
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,370 1,345 115 158 654 611 600 576
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 348 234 42 62 159 139 148 32
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 65 98 54 69 11 22 * 7
Some Other Place3 326 248 31 31 106 91 189 125
90407
Table 6.24B – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 20.5 22.1 21.9 23.6 22.8 22.3 16.7 21.4
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part
  of a Clinic
54.8 57.7 59.9 60.6 57.5 58.5 49.4 55.7
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 21.5 19.8 15.4 12.6 19.5 20.0 26.2 22.0
Outpatient Medical Clinic 9.0 8.9 6.4 8.3 8.3 7.8 10.8 10.6
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 2.3 1.5 2.3 3.3 2.0 1.8 2.7 0.6
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.4 0.7 3.0 3.6 0.1 0.3 * 0.1
Some Other Place3 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.2 3.4 2.3
90407
Table 6.25A – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 5,507 5,527 686a 823 3,218 3,091 1,603 1,612
Family Member Not Living in Household 338 311 117 115 110 180 111 15
Private Health Insurance 6,222 6,019 577 593 3,239 3,299 2,406 2,127
Medicare 2,148 2,234 95 91 641 626 1,412 1,517
Medicaid 1,455 1,322 188 180 873 834 394 307
Rehabilitation Program 98 71 14 13 47 27 37 32
Employer 1,185 1,222 85 85 768 731 333 406
VA or Other Military Program 872 766 49 31 195 205 628 530
Other Public Source 528a 316 61 66 307 187 160 63
Other Private Source 169 214 42 24 77 75 49 116
Free Treatment 596 630 227 230 215 276 154 124
90407
Table 6.25B – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 36.3 36.7 38.3a 43.5 40.9 39.9 29.0 29.7
Family Member Not Living in Household 2.2 2.1 6.5 6.1 1.4 2.3 2.0 0.3
Private Health Insurance 41.0 40.0 32.2 31.3 41.2 42.6 43.6 39.2
Medicare 14.2 14.8 5.3 4.8 8.2 8.1 25.6 27.9
Medicaid 9.6 8.8 10.5 9.5 11.1 10.8 7.1 5.7
Rehabilitation Program 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.6
Employer 7.8 8.1 4.7 4.5 9.8 9.4 6.0 7.5
VA or Other Military Program 5.7 5.1 2.7 1.6 2.5 2.6 11.4 9.8
Other Public Source 3.5a 2.1 3.4 3.5 3.9 2.4 2.9 1.2
Other Private Source 1.1 1.4 2.4 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.9 2.1
Free Treatment 3.9 4.2 12.7 12.1 2.7 3.6 2.8 2.3
90407
Table 6.26A – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 10,921 10,560 5,486 5,353 5,392 5,148
AGE            
18-25 2,465 2,592 943 1,012 1,518 1,569
26-49 6,415 5,970 3,374 3,175 3,020 2,791
50 or Older 2,040 1,997 1,169 1,166 854 788
GENDER            
Male 3,403 3,372 1,726 1,469 1,667 1,867
Female 7,518 7,188 3,760 3,884 3,725 3,281
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,711 9,559 5,033 4,943 4,637 4,560
White 8,184 8,006 4,403 4,241 3,748 3,712
Black or African American 1,054 1,183 419 523 624 659
Other or Two or More Races 474 370 210 178 264 189
Hispanic or Latino 1,209 1,001 453 410 755 588
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,946b 1,384 1,063b 702 883 648
High School Graduate 2,875 2,881 1,515 1,565 1,344 1,309
Some College 3,273 3,576 1,576 1,845 1,692 1,718
College Graduate 2,828 2,719 1,331 1,240 1,474 1,473
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,423 5,058 2,507 2,324 2,896 2,733
Part-Time 1,874 1,914 896 839 968 1,067
Unemployed 566 756 237 361 330 395
Other3 3,057 2,832 1,846 1,829 1,198 953
90407
Table 6.26B – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4.9 4.7 18.7 17.9 2.8 2.7
AGE            
18-25 7.6 7.9 28.2 28.6 5.2 5.4
26-49 6.4 6.0 23.8 22.8 3.5 3.3
50 or Older 2.3 2.2 10.0 9.4 1.1 1.0
GENDER            
Male 3.2 3.1 17.6 14.7 1.7 1.9
Female 6.5 6.2 19.3 19.5 3.9 3.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5.0 4.9 18.5 17.8 2.8 2.7
White 5.3 5.2 17.9 17.3 2.9 2.9
Black or African American 4.2 4.6 24.5 23.9 2.6 2.8
Other or Two or More Races 3.5 2.6 23.9 16.4 2.1 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 4.1 3.3 21.8 20.0 2.8 2.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 5.4b 4.0 24.4a 18.1 2.8 2.1
High School Graduate 4.2 4.1 17.9 18.3 2.3 2.1
Some College 5.7 6.3 20.3 22.8 3.4 3.5
College Graduate 4.7 4.4 15.3 13.3 2.8 2.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.5 4.1 19.2 17.7 2.7 2.5
Part-Time 6.4 6.3 20.5 18.1 3.9 4.2
Unemployed 8.0 8.4 23.5 28.6 5.4 5.1
Other3 4.8 4.5 17.1 16.9 2.2 1.8
120411
Table 6.27A (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 10,974 10,636 5,536 5,408 5,395 5,168
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 1,871 1,885 970 940 895 937
Midwest 2,509 2,602 1,293 1,340 1,205 1,217
South 3,971 3,639 1,957 1,857 1,991 1,776
West 2,622 2,509 1,317 1,272 1,304 1,238
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 5,679 5,433 2,702 2,491 2,953 2,936
Small Metro 3,553 3,421 1,922 1,868 1,620 1,511
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2,336 2,383 1,157 1,313 1,170 1,032
< 250K Pop. 1,217 1,039 765 555 450 479
Nonmetro 1,742 1,781 912 1,050 822 721
Urbanized 787 765 440 439 347 326
Less Urbanized 768 892 389 546 370 336
Completely Rural 188 124 * * 105 59
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 2,912 2,974 1,669 1,579 1,224 1,355
$20,000 - $49,999 3,559 3,689 1,752 1,831 1,806 1,844
$50,000 - $74,999 1,932 1,672 998 895 934 778
$75,000 or More 2,571 2,301 1,118 1,104 1,431 1,191
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 2,936 2,691 1,711 1,581 1,215 1,077
No 8,038 7,944 3,825 3,828 4,180 4,091
120411
Table 6.27B (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4.9 4.7 18.8 18.0 2.8 2.7
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 4.5 4.5 15.7 16.5 2.6 2.6
Midwest 5.1 5.3 19.2 19.0 2.8 2.9
South 4.9 4.5 18.9 18.1 2.8 2.5
West 5.1 4.9 21.3 17.9 2.9 2.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.8 4.5 18.6 16.3 2.8 2.8
Small Metro 5.3 5.0 20.1 19.4 2.8 2.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.3 5.3 18.8 20.6 3.1 2.7
< 250K Pop. 5.5 4.5 22.4 17.1 2.4 2.4
Nonmetro 4.7 4.8 17.2 20.1 2.6 2.3
Urbanized 5.2 5.0 18.9 18.6 2.7 2.5
Less Urbanized 4.4 5.0 15.2a 22.2 2.5 2.2
Completely Rural 4.5 3.4 * * 2.8 1.8
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 7.2 7.8 24.1 26.1 3.6 4.3
$20,000 - $49,999 4.9 5.0 19.9 20.9 2.8 2.9
$50,000 - $74,999 4.8 4.0 19.1 15.6 2.6 2.2
$75,000 or More 3.8 3.2 13.2 11.6 2.4 1.9
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 9.2 8.7 26.1 26.3 4.8 4.3
No 4.2 4.1 16.7 15.9 2.5 2.4
90407
Table 6.28A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 10,921 10,560 5,486 5,353 5,392 5,148
Could Not Afford Cost 4,860 4,734 2,537 2,498 2,312 2,189
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
  Have Negative Opinion
832 877 362 481 463 395
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 811 685 352 374 459 311
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
699 769 294 398 404 370
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
1,293a 968 684 556 606a 412
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,593 1,811 620 791 969 1,015
Concerned about Confidentiality 1,065 937 464 502 594 435
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take
  Medicine
1,070 1,048 703 552 357 491
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 901b 616 381 280 515a 331
Could Handle the Problem Without
  Treatment
2,801 2,454 1,219 982 1,571 1,466
Treatment Would Not Help 1,061a 765 564 394 496 371
Did Not Have Time 1,679 1,453 769 738 892 713
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 714a 525 287 237 421a 287
No Transportation/Inconvenient 282 350 185 220 97 130
Some Other Reason4 777 735 367 418 410 317
90407
Table 6.28B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Could Not Afford Cost 44.9 45.1 46.9 47.0 43.2 42.7
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
  Have Negative Opinion
7.7 8.3 6.7 9.1 8.7 7.7
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 7.5 6.5 6.5 7.0 8.6 6.1
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
6.5 7.3 5.4 7.5 7.6 7.2
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
12.0a 9.2 12.6 10.5 11.3a 8.0
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 14.7 17.2 11.4 14.9 18.1 19.8
Concerned about Confidentiality 9.8 8.9 8.6 9.5 11.1 8.5
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take
  Medicine
9.9 10.0 13.0 10.4 6.7 9.6
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 8.3a 5.9 7.0 5.3 9.6a 6.4
Could Handle the Problem Without
  Treatment
25.9 23.4 22.5 18.5 29.3 28.6
Treatment Would Not Help 9.8a 7.3 10.4 7.4 9.3 7.2
Did Not Have Time 15.5 13.8 14.2 13.9 16.7 13.9
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 6.6 5.0 5.3 4.5 7.9 5.6
No Transportation/Inconvenient 2.6 3.3 3.4 4.1 1.8 2.5
Some Other Reason4 7.2 7.0 6.8 7.9 7.7 6.2
90406
Table 6.29A – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious Thoughts
of Suicide
Made Any Suicide Plans Attempted Suicide
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 8,272 2,279 1,087
AGE      
18-25 2,201 634 393
26-49 3,916 1,046 447
50 or Older 2,155 599 247
GENDER      
Male 3,721 1,004 424
Female 4,550 1,276 663
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,437 2,015 917
White 6,110 1,661 680
Black or African American 908 244 181
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 12 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 32 8 *
Asian 219 31 12
Two or More Races 142 59 35
Hispanic or Latino 835 264 170
EDUCATION      
< High School 1,144 371 239
High School Graduate 2,921 701 396
Some College 2,511 779 350
College Graduate 1,696 428 102
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 3,826 901 379
Part-Time 1,418 464 288
Unemployed 560 145 73
Other1 2,468 769 347
90406
Table 6.29B – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious Thoughts
of Suicide
Made Any Suicide Plans Attempted Suicide
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 3.7 1.0 0.5
AGE      
18-25 6.7 1.9 1.2
26-49 3.9 1.1 0.4
50 or Older 2.3 0.7 0.3
GENDER      
Male 3.4 0.9 0.4
Female 3.9 1.1 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.8 1.0 0.5
White 4.0 1.1 0.4
Black or African American 3.5 1.0 0.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.8 1.3 0.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 4.0 1.0 *
Asian 2.2 0.3 0.1
Two or More Races 5.7 2.4 1.4
Hispanic or Latino 2.8 0.9 0.6
EDUCATION      
< High School 3.3 1.1 0.7
High School Graduate 4.2 1.0 0.6
Some College 4.4 1.4 0.6
College Graduate 2.7 0.7 0.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 3.1 0.7 0.3
Part-Time 4.7 1.5 1.0
Unemployed 6.3 1.6 0.8
Other1 3.9 1.2 0.5
90406
Table 6.30A – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Attempted Suicide Got Medical Attention for
Suicide Attempt
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
Hospital for Suicide Attempt
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 1,087 678 500
AGE      
18-25 393 135 83
26-49 447 296 216
50 or Older 247 247 201
GENDER      
Male 424 257 199
Female 663 421 302
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 917 578 428
White 680 446 322
Black or African American 181 108 83
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 0
Asian 12 * *
Two or More Races 35 23 *
Hispanic or Latino 170 100 73
EDUCATION      
< High School 239 155 97
High School Graduate 396 194 143
Some College 350 248 196
College Graduate 102 81 64
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 379 195 110
Part-Time 288 181 163
Unemployed 73 27 18
Other1 347 275 210
90406
Table 6.30B – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Attempted Suicide Got Medical Attention for
Suicide Attempt
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
Hospital for Suicide Attempt
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.5 0.3 0.2
AGE      
18-25 1.2 0.4 0.3
26-49 0.4 0.3 0.2
50 or Older 0.3 0.3 0.2
GENDER      
Male 0.4 0.2 0.2
Female 0.6 0.4 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.3 0.2
White 0.4 0.3 0.2
Black or African American 0.7 0.4 0.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6 0.2 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.0 0.0
Asian 0.1 * *
Two or More Races 1.4 0.9 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.3 0.2
EDUCATION      
< High School 0.7 0.4 0.3
High School Graduate 0.6 0.3 0.2
Some College 0.6 0.4 0.3
College Graduate 0.2 0.1 0.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 0.3 0.2 0.1
Part-Time 1.0 0.6 0.5
Unemployed 0.8 0.3 0.2
Other1 0.5 0.4 0.3
90407
Table 6.31A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2007)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2007)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2007)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 3,113 3,126 939 983 1,082 1,111 1,093 1,032
Outpatient 2,781 2,811 827 878 959 991 995 942
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
2,362 2,386 677 698 812 847 873 842
Mental Health Clinic or Center 579 560 169 127 199 219 211 214
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
416 370 152 118 125 153 140a 99
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
703 707 215 274 264 223 224 210
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
628 598 191 181 235 224 202 192
Hospital 510 462 159 141 181 174 170 148
Residential Treatment Center 199 195 53 53 79 64 67 77
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
112 118 31 33 44 46 37 39
EDUCATION2 2,862 2,882 967 997 1,009 1,037 885 848
School Counselor, School Psychologist
  or Regular Meetings with a Teacher
2,428 2,480 862 864 816 903 750 713
Special Education Services While in a
  Regular Classroom or Placement in a
  Special Classroom, Special Program or
  Special School
811 746 257 229 311 270 243 247
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 692 706 200 214 237 240 254 252
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
1,278 1,306 406 427 441 475 431 404
90407
Table 6.31B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2007)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2007)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2007)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.5 12.7 11.8 12.9 12.8 13.3 12.8 12.0
Outpatient 11.1 11.4 10.4 11.4 11.4 11.8 11.6 11.0
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
9.4 9.7 8.4 9.1 9.6 10.1 10.2 9.8
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.5
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
1.7 1.5 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.6a 1.2
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
2.8 2.9 2.7a 3.6 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.4
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.2
Hospital 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.7
Residential Treatment Center 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
EDUCATION2 11.5 11.8 12.2 13.2 12.0 12.4 10.4 9.9
School Counselor, School Psychologist
  or Regular Meetings with a Teacher
9.7 10.1 10.8 11.4 9.7 10.8 8.8 8.3
Special Education Services While in a
  Regular Classroom or Placement in a
  Special Classroom, Special Program or
  Special School
3.3 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.7 3.2 2.8 2.9
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.8 2.9 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
5.1 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.7 5.0 4.7
90407
Table 6.32A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,113 3,126 2,781 2,811 628 598 2,862 2,882 692 706 1,278 1,306
GENDER                        
Male 1,362 1,349 1,155 1,170 331 292 1,250 1,313 299 324 517 513
Female 1,751 1,778 1,627 1,641 297 306 1,612 1,569 393 382 761 794
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 939 983 827 878 191 181 967 997 200 214 406 427
14-15 1,082 1,111 959 991 235 224 1,009 1,037 237 240 441 475
16-17 1,093 1,032 995 942 202 192 885 848 254 252 431 404
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,650 2,580 2,381 2,356 529 462 2,370 2,303 617 576 1,095 1,059
White 2,006 1,994 1,856 1,847 339 317 1,621 1,636 500 457 806 814
Black or African American 487 413 385 354 155a 109 581 492 70 81 209 173
American Indian or Alaska Native * 22 * 17 3 9 * 19 * 5 * 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 58 69 49 61 17 10 62 63 18 11 27 20
Two or More Races 57 74 52 71 10 15 62 85 8 15 30 41
Hispanic or Latino 463 546 401 455 99 136 491 579 74b 130 183a 247
90407
Table 6.32B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 12.5 12.7 11.1 11.4 2.5 2.4 11.5 11.8 2.8 2.9 5.1 5.3
GENDER                        
Male 10.7 10.7 9.1 9.3 2.6 2.3 9.9 10.5 2.3 2.6 4.1 4.1
Female 14.3 14.8 13.3 13.6 2.4 2.5 13.2 13.0 3.2 3.2 6.2 6.6
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 11.8 12.9 10.4 11.4 2.4 2.4 12.2 13.2 2.5 2.8 5.1 5.6
14-15 12.8 13.3 11.4 11.8 2.8 2.7 12.0 12.4 2.8 2.9 5.2 5.7
16-17 12.8 12.0 11.6 11.0 2.4 2.2 10.4 9.9 3.0 2.9 5.0 4.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.0 12.9 11.7 11.8 2.6 2.3 11.7 11.6 3.0 2.9 5.4 5.3
White 13.4 13.7 12.4 12.7 2.3 2.2 10.9 11.3 3.3 3.1 5.4 5.6
Black or African American 12.8 11.1 10.2 9.5 4.1a 2.9 15.4 13.2 1.9 2.2 5.5 4.6
American Indian or Alaska Native * 16.4 * 12.6 2.1 6.6 * 14.5 * 3.6 * 8.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 5.8 7.3 4.9 6.4 1.7 1.0 6.1 6.8 1.8 1.1 2.7 2.1
Two or More Races 13.6 14.9 12.6 14.4 2.5 3.0 14.9 17.2 1.9 3.0 7.2 8.2
Hispanic or Latino 10.1 11.7 8.7 9.7 2.2 2.9 10.8 12.5 1.6b 2.8 4.0a 5.3
120411
Table 6.33A (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic or
Socioeconomic Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,121 3,158 2,787 2,837 630 607 2,867 2,912 692 710 1,279 1,319
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 634 632 571 596 99 87 576 594 117 114 279 298
Midwest 774 707 705 634 166 160 652 641 165 159 339 292
South 1,023 1,034 897 910 231 203 954 956 267 274 409 400
West 689 785 613 697 134 156 685 721 142 163 253a 329
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 1,659 1,652 1,483 1,503 321 288 1,544 1,624 325 311 670 704
Small Metro 967 986 870 891 187 192 877 841 233 260 391 413
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 659 654 598 600 123 105 583 567 141 153 246 273
< 250K Pop. 308 332 272 291 64 87 294 274 92 107 146 140
Nonmetro 494 520 435 443 122 127 446 447 134 139 218 203
Urbanized 195 227 176 206 39 47 203 189 51 63 88 84
Less Urbanized 241 254 208 202 73 71 207 213 60 66 100 101
Completely Rural 58 39 51 35 10 8 37 45 23 10 30 18
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 628 566 515 465 200 164 632 543 116 130 267 233
$20,000 - $49,999 994 1,008 875 885 222 234 969 995 197 215 438 424
$50,000 - $74,999 560 519 510 476 96 78 484 519 115 106 213 240
$75,000 or More 938 1,065 887 1,011 112 131 783 855 263 259 361 422
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 785 749 644 642 239 205 758 740 147 178 346 333
No 2,336 2,408 2,143 2,195 391 402 2,109 2,172 545 531 934 986
120411
Table 6.33B (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic or
Socioeconomic Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008
TOTAL 12.5 12.8 11.2 11.5 2.5 2.5 11.5 11.9 2.8 2.9 5.1 5.4
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 14.3 14.7 12.9 13.8 2.2 2.0 13.1 13.8 2.7 2.6 6.3 6.9
Midwest 13.9 13.0 12.7 11.6 3.0 2.9 11.8 11.8 3.0 2.9 6.1 5.4
South 11.3 11.6 9.9 10.2 2.5 2.3 10.6 10.7 3.0 3.1 4.5 4.5
West 11.6 13.3 10.3 11.8 2.2 2.6 11.6 12.3 2.4 2.8 4.2a 5.6
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 12.3 12.6 11.0 11.4 2.4 2.2 11.4 12.4 2.4 2.4 4.9 5.3
Small Metro 13.2 13.5 11.9 12.1 2.6 2.6 12.1 11.5 3.2 3.5 5.3 5.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 13.4 13.5 12.1 12.4 2.5 2.1 11.9 11.7 2.9 3.1 5.0 5.6
< 250K Pop. 13.0 13.4 11.4 11.7 2.7 3.5 12.4 11.1 3.9 4.3 6.1 5.6
Nonmetro 12.0 12.6 10.5 10.7 2.9 3.1 10.9 10.9 3.2 3.4 5.3 4.9
Urbanized 11.4 12.8 10.3 11.6 2.3 2.6 11.9 10.7 3.0 3.6 5.2 4.7
Less Urbanized 12.1 12.8 10.4 10.2 3.6 3.6 10.5 10.7 3.0 3.3 5.0 5.1
Completely Rural 13.8 10.7 12.0 9.5 2.4 2.3 8.7 12.2 5.4 2.8 7.2 4.8
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 14.8 15.3 12.1 12.5 4.7 4.4 15.0 14.7 2.7 3.5 6.3 6.3
$20,000 - $49,999 13.1 13.2 11.5 11.5 2.9 3.0 12.8 13.1 2.6 2.8 5.8 5.5
$50,000 - $74,999 12.4 11.6 11.3 10.6 2.1 1.7 10.7 11.6 2.5 2.3 4.7 5.3
$75,000 or More 10.9 12.2 10.3 11.5 1.3 1.5 9.1 9.8 3.1 3.0 4.2 4.8
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 16.0 16.1 13.1 13.7 4.9 4.4 15.6 15.9 3.0 3.8 7.1 7.1
No 11.7 12.1 10.7 11.0 1.9 2.0 10.5 10.9 2.7 2.7 4.6 4.9
90730
Table 6.34A – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services only pertains to treatment/counseling from school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH
SERVICES7
3,113 3,126 2,781 2,811 628 598 2,862 2,882 692 706 1,278 1,306
Thought about Killing Self or
  Tried to Kill Self
543 539 470 486 189 147 209 234 61a 103 156 182
Felt Depressed 1,356 1,356 1,291 1,289 188 167 856 849 235 230 461 464
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 479 562 433a 533 75 63 356 389 65 95 136 147
Eating Problems 257 252 234 228 39 48 127 121 77 85 77 67
Other Diagnosed Mental/
  Neurological Disorder8
61 58 52 54 9 4 5 8 16 26 4 3
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 672 714 627 668 104 101 530 558 94 104 206 210
Trouble Controlling Anger 448 449 424 419 52 49 246 268 43 63 71 75
Got into Physical Fights 143 130 128 116 22 19 139 115 13 21 33 18
Problems at Home/Family 771 796 738 754 63 66 384 400 54 76 146 156
Problems with Friends 322 384 305 371 22 19 447 476 18 25 83 122
Problems with People Other
  Than Family/Friends
237 272 222 259 25 24 276 263 32 36 57 70
Problems at School 459 522 431 485 41 56 533 592 70 85 118 143
Some Other Reason9 284 275 255 230 40 57 159 165 74 79 48 50
90730
Table 6.34B – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services only pertains to treatment/counseling from school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH
SERVICES7
12.5 12.7 11.1 11.4 2.5 2.4 11.5 11.8 2.8 2.9 5.1 5.3
Thought about Killing Self or
  Tried to Kill Self
20.2 19.6 18.5 18.7 44.9a 35.4 9.3 9.9 11.6a 17.1 13.7 15.5
Felt Depressed 50.0 48.6 50.4 49.0 44.8 39.9 38.0 35.9 44.3 38.2 40.9 39.8
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 17.9 20.4 17.1a 20.5 17.9 15.1 15.8 16.4 12.2 15.9 12.0 12.5
Eating Problems 9.7 9.2 9.3 8.8 9.2 11.6 5.7 5.1 14.5 14.2 6.7 5.7
Other Diagnosed Mental/
  Neurological Disorder8
2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 0.9 0.2 0.3 3.0 4.4 0.3 0.2
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 25.1 25.7 24.7 25.5 24.8 24.3 23.5 23.6 17.7 17.4 18.0 17.8
Trouble Controlling Anger 16.8 16.3 16.7 16.1 12.5 11.8 10.9 11.3 8.2 10.6 6.2 6.4
Got into Physical Fights 5.4 4.8 5.1 4.5 5.2 4.5 6.2 4.9 2.4 3.6 2.9 1.5
Problems at Home/Family 28.8 28.9 29.0 28.9 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.9 10.2 12.7 13.0 13.3
Problems with Friends 12.1 14.0 12.1 14.3 5.3 4.7 19.8 20.1 3.4 4.2 7.3 10.4
Problems with People Other
  Than Family/Friends
8.9 9.9 8.8 10.0 6.0 5.7 12.2 11.1 6.0 6.1 5.0 6.0
Problems at School 17.2 18.9 17.0 18.6 9.7 13.3 23.6 25.1 13.2 14.1 10.4 12.3
Some Other Reason9 10.7 10.0 10.1 8.8 9.6 13.8 7.1 7.0 14.0 13.2 4.2 4.2
90407
Table 6.35A – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information in the past year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 612 569 427 423 694 754 590 657 382 356
Outpatient 484 456 427 394 666 726 563 626 316 296
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
543 504 332 318 645 645 443 504 184 184
Mental Health Clinic or Center 142 167 79 82 145a 96 120 140 50a 25
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
118 133 77 64 80 62 69 65 26 14
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
198 177 106 111 175 170 101 134 51 37
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
214 187 63 71 97 92 76 101 78 67
Hospital 256 201 33 48 63 73 71 75 28 20
Residential Treatment Center 63 63 22 13 21 33 39 43 39 24
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
* 19 * * * * * * * *
90407
Table 6.35B – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information in the past year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 22.6 20.6 15.8 15.3 25.7 27.3 21.8 23.8 14.1 12.9
Outpatient 19.7 18.3 17.4 15.8 27.1 29.1 22.9 25.1 12.9 11.8
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
25.3 23.4 15.5 14.8 30.1 29.9 20.6 23.4 8.5 8.6
Mental Health Clinic or Center 26.5 32.7 14.8 16.1 27.1a 18.9 22.3 27.5 9.3a 4.8
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
31.9 39.4 20.8 18.9 21.6 18.2 18.7 19.2 7.0 4.3
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
31.4 28.2 16.8 17.6 27.8 27.0 16.0 21.4 8.1 5.8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
40.4 36.0 12.0 13.7 18.4 17.7 14.4 19.6 14.8 13.0
Hospital 56.8 48.2 7.3 11.6 13.9 17.5 15.6 18.0 6.3 4.7
Residential Treatment Center 34.4 36.1 12.1 7.4 11.5 18.5 21.1 24.5 20.9 13.5
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
* 18.1 * * * * * * * *
90427
Table 6.36A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Gender/Age Category Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,016 2,014 1,369 1,452 781 758 600 617
12 109 143 70 93 45 47 * *
13 228 220 130 144 92 75 54 54
14 274 310 193 233 84 98 71 77
15 432 393 308 270 176 138 147 117
16 519 496 348 374 201 215 154 181
17 454 451 320 338 182 186 144 153
MALE 582 538 383 358 213 181 153 131
12 38 52 22 32 * * * *
13 56 62 34 37 * * * *
14 63 81 43 64 * * * *
15 133a 88 98b 51 * * * *
16 154 118 98 89 * * * *
17 138 136 89 85 41 45 * *
FEMALE 1,433 1,476 986 1,094 568 577 447 486
12 71 92 48 61 * * * *
13 172 158 96 107 66 53 * *
14 211 229 150 169 67 79 62 59
15 299 305 211 219 127 112 104 101
16 366 377 251 285 141 161 111 139
17 315 315 231 253 141 141 117 119
90427
Table 6.36B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Gender/Age Category Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8.2 8.3 5.5 6.0 38.9 37.7 43.9 42.6
12 2.8 3.9 1.8 2.5 43.1 32.9 * *
13 5.7 5.7 3.2 3.8 40.6 33.9 41.7 37.6
14 6.8 7.7 4.8 5.8 30.9 31.6 36.9 33.1
15 10.0 9.2 7.1 6.3 40.7 35.2 47.5 43.2
16 11.8 11.6 7.9 8.8 38.9 43.5 44.4 48.3
17 11.1 10.6 7.9 7.9 40.3 41.2 45.1 45.2
MALE 4.6 4.3 3.0 2.9 36.7 33.8 40.2 36.7
12 1.9 2.8 1.1 1.7 * * * *
13 2.7 3.2 1.6 1.9 * * * *
14 3.0 3.8 2.0 3.0 * * * *
15 6.2b 3.9 4.5b 2.3 * * * *
16 6.7 5.6 4.3 4.2 * * * *
17 6.6 6.3 4.3 3.9 29.8 33.1 * *
FEMALE 11.9 12.4 8.2a 9.2 39.9 39.2 45.3 44.5
12 3.7 5.0 2.5 3.3 * * * *
13 8.7 8.5 4.9 5.8 38.7 33.6 * *
14 11.0 11.9 7.8 8.8 31.9 34.5 41.1 35.1
15 13.8 14.9 9.7 10.7 42.7 37.0 49.4 46.2
16 17.3 17.6 11.9 13.3 38.7 42.6 44.4 48.7
17 15.9 15.1 11.6 12.1 44.9 44.7 50.5 47.0
90427
Table 6.37A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 14,297 9,468 10,131 7,092
18 420 254 207 *
19 378 256 140 *
20 311 200 127 *
21 372 240 125 *
22 381 254 186 *
23 332 197 * *
24 334 179 147 *
25 334 198 161 *
26-49 7,302 4,814 5,299 3,644
50 or Older 4,133 2,877 3,564 *
90427
Table 6.37B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008
Age Category Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 6.4 4.2 71.0 75.0
18 8.6 5.2 49.6 *
19 8.9 6.0 37.1 *
20 8.2 5.2 42.9 *
21 9.5 6.1 33.6 *
22 9.4 6.3 48.8 *
23 8.1 4.8 * *
24 8.7 4.7 44.1 *
25 8.6 5.1 49.4 *
26-49 7.4 4.9 72.6 75.7
50 or Older 4.5 3.1 86.3 *
90428
Table 6.38A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 14,297 9,468 10,131 7,092
18-25 2,862 1,778 1,267 919
26-49 7,302 4,814 5,299 3,644
50 or Older 4,133 2,877 3,564 *
MALE 4,949 3,415 3,204 2,347
18-25 891 532 299 189
26-49 2,872 1,821 1,984 1,337
50 or Older 1,186 1,062 * *
FEMALE 9,348 6,053 6,927 4,745
18-25 1,971 1,246 968 730
26-49 4,430 2,993 3,315 2,307
50 or Older 2,947 1,815 * *
90428
Table 6.38B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 6.4 4.2 71.0 75.0
18-25 8.7 5.4 44.7 52.1
26-49 7.4 4.9 72.6 75.7
50 or Older 4.5 3.1 86.3 *
MALE 4.6 3.2 65.0 69.0
18-25 5.4 3.2 34.0 36.4
26-49 5.9 3.7 69.1 73.4
50 or Older 2.8 2.5 * *
FEMALE 8.1 5.2 74.2 78.4
18-25 12.1 7.7 49.5 58.7
26-49 8.8 6.0 74.8 77.1
50 or Older 6.0 3.7 * *
90427
Table 6.39A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,016 2,014 1,369 1,452 781 758 600 617
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,691 1,666 1,141 1,218 690 653 533 545
White 1,282 1,253 871 934 543 540 438 456
Black or African American 293 260 193 172 117 85 73 65
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 13 4 8 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 67 72 40 44 * * * *
Two or More Races 41 59 32 50 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 324 348 229 234 91 105 67 72
90427
Table 6.39B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8.2 8.3 5.5 6.0 38.9 37.7 43.9 42.6
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.4 8.4 5.7 6.2 41.0 39.3 46.8 44.9
White 8.7 8.7 5.9 6.5 42.6 43.1 50.4 48.9
Black or African American 7.8 7.0 5.1 4.7 39.9 32.6 37.7 37.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.6 10.1 2.6 6.5 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 6.8 7.6 4.0 4.7 * * * *
Two or More Races 10.0 12.0 7.8 10.2 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 7.1 7.5 5.0 5.1 28.1 30.3 29.3 30.6
90427
Table 6.40A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE
with Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 14,297 9,468 10,131 7,092
GENDER        
Male 4,949 3,415 3,204 2,347
Female 9,348 6,053 6,927 4,745
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 12,734 8,657 9,209 6,624
White 10,712 7,364 7,927 5,702
Black or African American 1,236 827 681 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 67 36 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 345 247 * *
Two or More Races 294 178 * *
Hispanic or Latino 1,564 811 * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 1,879 1,214 1,303 *
High School Graduate 4,757 3,497 3,368 2,648
Some College 4,242 2,678 2,893 1,875
College Graduate 3,419 2,078 2,567 1,691
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 6,381 3,910 3,970 2,588
Part-Time 2,412 1,476 1,783 1,161
Unemployed 917 531 * *
Other3 4,587 3,551 3,747 2,927
MARITAL STATUS        
Married 5,580 3,682 4,339 3,000
Widowed 524 287 * *
Divorced or Separated 3,274 2,343 2,686 1,988
Never Married 4,919 3,156 2,646 1,873
90427
Table 6.40B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE
with Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 6.4 4.2 71.0 75.0
GENDER        
Male 4.6 3.2 65.0 69.0
Female 8.1 5.2 74.2 78.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.6 4.5 72.5 76.6
White 7.0 4.8 74.2 77.5
Black or African American 4.9 3.3 55.2 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.9 2.6 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 3.6 2.6 * *
Two or More Races 12.7 7.7 * *
Hispanic or Latino 5.2 2.7 * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 5.5 3.6 69.8 *
High School Graduate 6.8 5.0 71.0 75.8
Some College 7.4 4.7 68.3 70.0
College Graduate 5.5 3.3 75.1 81.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 5.2 3.2 62.4 66.3
Part-Time 7.9 4.8 73.9 78.6
Unemployed 11.5 6.6 * *
Other3 7.3 5.7 81.8 82.5
MARITAL STATUS        
Married 4.5 3.0 77.8 81.5
Widowed 3.9 2.1 * *
Divorced or Separated 11.4 8.2 82.0 84.9
Never Married 8.6 5.5 54.1 59.6
120411
Table 6.41A (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,016 2,027 1,371 1,460 782 764 601 622
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 345 324 236 242 160a 114 119 96
Midwest 466 449 328 331 177 171 148 137
South 720 743 461 521 267 291 189 229
West 485 512 346 367 179 188 146 159
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,056 1,020 712 727 396 369 299 306
Small Metro 636 655 451 488 250 267 199 219
Nonmetro 324 352 208 245 136 127 103 96
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 339 303 237 216 136 129 95 96
$20,000 - $49,999 701 654 472 490 266 242 200 191
$50,000 - $74,999 350 362 245 250 126 116 98 103
$75,000 or More 626 709 416 503 255 277 207 231
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 406 405 274 308 184 169 130 131
No 1,609 1,622 1,097 1,152 599 594 471 491
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 1,320 1,370 904 975 536 519 423 439
Medicaid/CHIP5 527 497 348 361 224 204 157 148
Other6 99 114 73 93 * * * *
No Coverage 148 135 103 94 25 39 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 442 432 289 302 140 167 103 138
Very Good 850 869 573 613 324 297 247 245
Good 577 571 391 419 243 234 189 184
Fair/Poor 146 155 117 125 73 66 * *
120411
Table 6.41B (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8.2 8.3 5.5 6.0 39.0 37.7 43.9 42.6
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7.9 7.6 5.4 5.7 46.8a 35.2 50.3 39.7
Midwest 8.5 8.3 6.0 6.1 37.9 38.3 45.0 41.7
South 8.0 8.4 5.1 5.9 37.4 39.2 41.1 44.0
West 8.3 8.7 5.9 6.3 37.0 36.7 42.2 43.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7.9 7.8 5.3 5.6 37.8 36.3 42.1 42.2
Small Metro 8.8 9.0 6.2 6.7 39.5 40.9 44.2 44.9
Nonmetro 7.9 8.6 5.1 6.0 42.1 36.0 49.5 39.5
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 8.1 8.3 5.7 5.9 40.2 42.6 40.0 44.7
$20,000 - $49,999 9.3 8.6 6.3 6.5 38.2 37.2 42.4 39.0
$50,000 - $74,999 7.8 8.0 5.5 5.6 36.0 32.1 40.2 41.2
$75,000 or More 7.3 8.2 4.9 5.8 41.0 39.0 50.0 46.0
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 8.3 8.7 5.6 6.6 45.3 41.9 47.4 42.5
No 8.1 8.2 5.5 5.8 37.4 36.7 43.1 42.7
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 8.1 8.6 5.6 6.1 40.8 37.9 46.9 45.0
Medicaid/CHIP5 8.2 7.9 5.4 5.7 42.8 41.2 45.0 41.2
Other6 9.6 10.2 7.1 8.3 * * * *
No Coverage 7.5 6.9 5.2 4.8 17.3 29.1 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 5.4 5.2 3.5 3.6 32.0 38.6 35.6 45.6
Very Good 8.2 8.6 5.5 6.1 38.4 34.3 43.1 40.0
Good 11.2 11.4 7.6 8.3 42.2 41.0 48.5 44.0
Fair/Poor 15.0 17.2 12.0 13.9 50.8 42.5 * *
120411
Table 6.42A (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 14,357 9,497 10,182 7,127
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 2,552 1,774 1,989 1,441
Midwest 3,489 2,114 2,430 1,569
South 5,077 3,344 3,374 2,347
West 3,238 2,266 2,390 1,770
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 7,066 4,521 4,851 3,253
Small Metro 4,567 3,010 3,292 2,325
Nonmetro 2,724 1,966 2,039 1,549
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 3,805 2,692 2,611 2,005
$20,000 - $49,999 5,055 3,189 3,540 2,327
$50,000 - $74,999 2,635 1,711 1,943 *
$75,000 or More 2,862 1,905 2,088 1,439
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3        
Yes 3,626 2,602 2,853 2,145
No 10,731 6,895 7,329 4,982
HEALTH INSURANCE4        
Private 8,040 5,055 5,612 3,741
Medicaid/CHIP5 2,060 1,590 1,689 1,416
Other6 2,835 2,066 2,356 *
No Coverage 2,964 1,856 1,901 1,209
OVERALL HEALTH7        
Excellent 1,763 1,127 1,048 *
Very Good 4,338 2,509 2,821 1,726
Good 4,574 3,036 3,174 2,259
Fair/Poor 3,683 2,826 3,139 2,492
120411
Table 6.42B (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 6.4 4.3 71.1 75.2
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 6.2 4.3 78.1 81.3
Midwest 7.1 4.3 69.8 74.3
South 6.2 4.1 66.6 70.4
West 6.3 4.4 74.1 78.1
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 6.0 3.8 68.8 72.2
Small Metro 6.7 4.4 72.3 77.2
Nonmetro 7.3 5.3 75.0 78.8
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 10.1 7.2 68.8 74.5
$20,000 - $49,999 7.0 4.4 70.1 73.0
$50,000 - $74,999 6.2 4.0 74.1 *
$75,000 or More 4.0 2.7 73.2 75.6
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3        
Yes 11.8 8.4 78.8 82.5
No 5.6 3.6 68.5 72.4
HEALTH INSURANCE4        
Private 5.2 3.3 69.9 74.1
Medicaid/CHIP5 11.4 8.8 82.4 89.2
Other6 5.5 4.0 83.1 *
No Coverage 8.6 5.4 64.3 65.5
OVERALL HEALTH7        
Excellent 3.4 2.2 59.4 *
Very Good 5.2 3.0 65.1 68.9
Good 7.6 5.0 69.5 74.4
Fair/Poor 13.2 10.1 85.7 88.5
90721
Table 6.43A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 4,726 4,726 715 753 3,907 3,853
Marijuana and Hashish 3,147 3,238 471 481 2,620 2,678
Cocaine 383a 305 68 60 300a 238
Crack 65a 33 17 12 45a 22
Heroin 23 42 6 9 15 28
Hallucinogens 627 690 117 109 496 560
LSD 125a 183 15 28 108 148
PCP 55 61 8 20 47 40
Ecstasy 329 353 60 59 259 284
Inhalants 994 978 194 206 777 744
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2,034 1,913 376 356 1,609 1,506
Pain Relievers 1,681 1,608 306 306 1,336 1,258
OxyContin® 232 223 62 56 168 160
Tranquilizers 506 482 127 107 360 355
Stimulants4 416 374 89 73 319 292
Methamphetamine4 118 94 25 22 91 67
Sedatives 111 113 31 34 79 74
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,914 2,850 519 485 2,324 2,282
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 654b 505 96 73 523b 413
Heavy Alcohol Use6 591a 491 77 68 504a 409
90721
Table 6.43B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 18.7 19.0 35.5 37.4 17.2 17.2
Marijuana and Hashish 12.5 13.0 23.4 23.9 11.5 12.0
Cocaine 1.5a 1.2 3.4 3.0 1.3 1.1
Crack 0.3a 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2a 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 2.5 2.8 5.8 5.4 2.2 2.5
LSD 0.5b 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.5a 0.7
PCP 0.2 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 1.3 1.4 3.0 2.9 1.1 1.3
Inhalants 3.9 3.9 9.6 10.2 3.4 3.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 8.1 7.7 18.6 17.7 7.1 6.7
Pain Relievers 6.7 6.5 15.2 15.2 5.9 5.6
OxyContin® 0.9 0.9 3.1 2.8 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 2.0 1.9 6.3 5.3 1.6 1.6
Stimulants4 1.6 1.5 4.4 3.6 1.4 1.3
Methamphetamine4 0.5 0.4 1.3 1.1 0.4 0.3
Sedatives 0.4 0.5 1.6 1.7 0.3 0.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.5 11.4 25.8 24.1 10.2 10.2
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 2.6b 2.0 4.8 3.6 2.3a 1.8
Heavy Alcohol Use6 2.3 2.0 3.8 3.4 2.2a 1.8
90721
Table 6.44A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
PAST YEAR USE      
Illicit Drugs2 31,307 3,885 27,135
Marijuana and Hashish 22,867 2,583 20,039
Cocaine 4,697 670 3,918
Crack 1,002 160 801
Heroin 360 96 262
Hallucinogens 2,766 451 2,281
LSD 540 68 471
PCP 63 6 56
Ecstasy 1,617 274 1,329
Inhalants 767 86 679
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 13,454 2,097 11,200
Pain Relievers 10,435 1,573 8,768
OxyContin® 1,128 143 976
Tranquilizers 4,521 894 3,602
Stimulants4 2,147 386 1,712
Methamphetamine4 683 117 526
Sedatives 445 106 339
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 17,237 2,577 14,445
PAST MONTH USE      
Daily Cigarette Use5 36,251 4,163 31,869
Heavy Alcohol Use6 16,366 1,371 14,931
90721
Table 6.44B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2008
Substance Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
PAST YEAR USE      
Illicit Drugs2 13.9 27.2 13.0
Marijuana and Hashish 10.2 18.1 9.6
Cocaine 2.1 4.7 1.9
Crack 0.4 1.1 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.7 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.2 3.2 1.1
LSD 0.2 0.5 0.2
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.7 1.9 0.6
Inhalants 0.3 0.6 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 6.0 14.7 5.4
Pain Relievers 4.6 11.0 4.2
OxyContin® 0.5 1.0 0.5
Tranquilizers 2.0 6.3 1.7
Stimulants4 1.0 2.7 0.8
Methamphetamine4 0.3 0.8 0.3
Sedatives 0.2 0.7 0.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 7.7 18.0 6.9
PAST MONTH USE      
Daily Cigarette Use5 16.1 29.1 15.2
Heavy Alcohol Use6 7.3 9.6 7.1
90427
Table 6.45A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 1,093 1,149 244 293 825 824
Marijuana 783 840 141 178 627 645
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 495 501 152 170 329 313
Alcohol 1,364a 1,212 254 263 1,091b 924
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 518 464 116 127 395 326
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 1,940 1,897 381 429 1,521 1,422
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 577 639 138 175 426 445
Marijuana 382 450 62 82 314 360
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 259 258 97 120 152 127
Alcohol 554a 468 118 127 422a 336
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 165 146 40 49 121 96
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 966 961 216 253 728 685
90427
Table 6.45B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 4.3 4.6 12.1 14.6 3.6 3.7
Marijuana 3.1 3.4 7.0 8.8 2.8 2.9
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2.0 2.0 7.6 8.4 1.4 1.4
Alcohol 5.4a 4.9 12.6 13.1 4.8a 4.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2.1 1.9 5.8 6.3 1.7 1.5
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 7.7 7.6 18.9 21.3 6.7 6.4
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 2.3 2.6 6.9 8.7 1.9 2.0
Marijuana 1.5a 1.8 3.1 4.1 1.4 1.6
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.0 1.0 4.8 5.9 0.7 0.6
Alcohol 2.2 1.9 5.9 6.3 1.9a 1.5
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.7 0.6 2.0 2.4 0.5 0.4
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 3.8 3.9 10.7 12.6 3.2 3.1
90721
Table 6.46A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 5,517 1,156 4,314
Marijuana 3,222 544 2,658
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2,946 742 2,175
Alcohol 16,324 2,381 13,844
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2,467 629 1,815
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 19,374 2,907 16,344
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 3,844 855 2,952
Marijuana 2,098 352 1,729
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2,029 593 1,416
Alcohol 7,784 1,557 6,146
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 964 276 675
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 10,664 2,136 8,423
90721
Table 6.46B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 2.5 8.1 2.1
Marijuana 1.4 3.8 1.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.3 5.2 1.0
Alcohol 7.3 16.7 6.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1.1 4.4 0.9
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 8.6 20.3 7.8
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 1.7 6.0 1.4
Marijuana 0.9 2.5 0.8
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.9 4.1 0.7
Alcohol 3.5 10.9 2.9
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.4 1.9 0.3
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 4.7 14.9 4.0
90427
Table 6.47A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2007)
MDE
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2007)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL3 728 700 559 570
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 191 173 161 152
Other Medical Doctor4 27 35 20 29
Psychologist 265 243 222 215
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 197 190 148 171
Social Worker 92 112 75 98
Counselor 423 417 349 351
Other Mental Health Professional5 68 63 61 59
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
81 62 76 48
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 107 121 84 109
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
9 19 9 18
Other7 7 14 6 14
90427
Table 6.47B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2007)
MDE
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2007)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 26.6 25.2 29.1 27.1
Other Medical Doctor4 3.8 5.0 3.6 5.2
Psychologist 36.8 35.5 40.1 38.3
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 27.3 27.7 26.7 30.4
Social Worker 12.8 16.3 13.5 17.5
Counselor 58.8 60.8 63.0 62.4
Other Mental Health Professional5 9.4 9.1 11.0 10.6
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
11.3 9.1 13.8a 8.6
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 14.8 17.6 15.2 19.3
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
1.3 2.8 1.7 3.1
Other7 1.0 2.1 1.1 2.6
90427
Table 6.48A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Type of Professional1 Major Depressive Episode Major Depressive Episode with Severe Impairment2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL3 9,496 6,666
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 5,547 3,946
Other Medical Doctor4 1,158 975
Psychologist 2,481 1,936
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 3,449 2,766
Social Worker 796 622
Counselor 1,975 1,418
Other Mental Health Professional5 739 646
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
653 512
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 1,854 1,196
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
497 319
Other7 177 157
90427
Table 6.48B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2008
Type of Professional1 Major Depressive Episode Major Depressive Episode with Severe Impairment2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL3 100.0 100.0
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 58.5 59.2
Other Medical Doctor4 12.2 14.6
Psychologist 26.2 29.1
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 36.4 41.5
Social Worker 8.4 9.3
Counselor 20.8 21.3
Other Mental Health Professional5 7.8 9.7
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
6.9 7.7
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 19.5 17.9
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
5.2 4.8
Other7 1.9 2.4
90427
Table 6.49A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2007)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 781 758 412 436 49 57 313 264
GENDER                
Male 213 181 105 89 17 25 91 68
Female 568 577 308 348 32 33 222 196
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 690 653 357 367 42 49 285 237
White 543 540 245 284 36 41 258 214
Black or African American 117 85 92 66 4 6 19 12
Other or Two or More Races * 29 * 17 2 1 8 11
Hispanic or Latino 91 105 55 69 7 9 28 27
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 135 128 85 76 6 8 43 44
$20,000 - $49,999 265 241 154 161 19 23 88 57
$50,000 - $74,999 127 115 67 63 11 4 47 48
$75,000 or More 254 275 106 137 13 23 135 115
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 183 169 107 105 11 14 61 49
No 598 590 306 331 38 43 253 215
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 535 515 268 282 31 40 234 194
Medicaid/CHIP3 224 202 126 130 19 13 75 58
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 25 39 14 30 2 * 9 7
90427
Table 6.49B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2007)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 38.9 37.7 20.5 21.7 2.5 2.9 15.6 13.1
GENDER                
Male 36.7 33.8 18.0 16.6 2.9 4.6 15.7 12.6
Female 39.9 39.2 21.6 23.6 2.3 2.2 15.6 13.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 41.0 39.3 21.2 22.1 2.5 2.9 16.9 14.2
White 42.6 43.1 19.2 22.7 2.8 3.3 20.2 17.1
Black or African American 39.9 32.6 31.6 25.6 1.4 2.3 6.7 4.6
Other or Two or More Races * 19.0 * 11.1 1.6 0.9 6.5 7.0
Hispanic or Latino 28.1 30.3 17.0 20.0 2.3 2.5 8.8 7.7
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 39.9 42.4 25.3 25.1 1.8 2.7 12.8 14.5
$20,000 - $49,999 38.2 37.2 22.1 24.9 2.7 3.5 12.7 8.8
$50,000 - $74,999 36.1 32.0 19.1 17.6 3.2 1.1 13.5 13.3
$75,000 or More 40.8 39.1 17.1 19.4 2.1 3.2 21.6 16.4
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 45.0 41.8 26.3 26.1 2.7 3.5 15.0 12.2
No 37.4 36.7 19.1 20.6 2.4 2.7 15.7 13.3
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 40.6 38.0 20.3 20.7 2.4 2.9 17.8 14.3
Medicaid/CHIP3 42.9 41.1 24.1 26.3 3.5 2.7 14.5 11.8
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 17.2 29.0 9.4a 22.2 1.6 * 5.8 5.2
90427
Table 6.50A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional OR Used
Prescription Medication
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional Only
Used Prescription
Medication Only
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional AND Used
Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 10,131 2,356 587 7,140
GENDER        
Male 3,204 836 141 2,227
Female 6,927 1,520 446 4,912
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,209 1,916 558 6,687
White 7,927 1,572 506 5,801
Black or African American 681 206 25 *
Other or Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * 28 *
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 2,599 610 179 1,761
$20,000 - $49,999 3,519 1,011 167 2,340
$50,000 - $74,999 1,934 334 97 1,503
$75,000 or More 2,079 401 143 1,535
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1        
Yes 2,847 663 122 2,013
No 7,284 1,693 465 5,126
HEALTH INSURANCE2        
Private 5,589 1,284 380 3,926
Medicaid/CHIP3 1,694 249 44 1,400
Other4 2,326 422 174 1,683
No Coverage 1,893 669 97 1,127
90427
Table 6.50B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional OR Used
Prescription Medication
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional Only
Used Prescription
Medication Only
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional AND Used
Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 71.0 16.5 4.1 50.2
GENDER        
Male 65.0 16.9 2.9 45.1
Female 74.2 16.3 4.8 52.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 72.5 15.1 4.4 52.8
White 74.2 14.7 4.8 54.5
Black or African American 55.2 16.7 2.0 *
Other or Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * 1.8 *
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 69.1 16.2 4.8 47.4
$20,000 - $49,999 69.7 20.0 3.3 46.3
$50,000 - $74,999 74.1 12.7 3.7 57.4
$75,000 or More 73.0 14.1 5.0 53.9
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1        
Yes 78.8 18.4 3.4 56.4
No 68.4 15.9 4.4 48.1
HEALTH INSURANCE2        
Private 69.8 16.0 4.7 49.0
Medicaid/CHIP3 83.1 12.2 2.2 68.6
Other4 83.5 15.1 6.4 61.4
No Coverage 64.1 22.6 3.3 38.1

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