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90403
Table 7.1A – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 8,526 8,484 1,236 1,263 2,870 2,782 4,420 4,440
12-49 4,701 5,010 666 708 1,648 1,699 2,388 2,602
50-99 2,555 2,341 347 340 817 870 1,391 1,131
100-299 5,749 6,075 640 654 2,175 2,089 2,935 3,331
300 or More 3,554 3,858 259 272 1,476 1,647 1,820 1,939
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 3,860 3,992 552 546 1,355 1,222 1,953 2,224
3-5 2,376 2,340 327 324 768 872 1,281 1,144
6-19 3,113 3,441 384 369 1,190 1,159 1,539 1,914
20 or More 5,100 5,430 424 418 2,065 2,173 2,611 2,838
90403
Table 7.1B – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 34.0 32.9 39.3 39.0 31.9 30.6 34.1 33.0
12-49 18.7 19.4 21.1 21.9 18.3 18.7 18.4 19.4
50-99 10.2 9.1 11.0 10.5 9.1 9.6 10.7 8.4
100-299 22.9 23.6 20.3 20.2 24.2 23.0 22.7 24.8
300 or More 14.2 15.0 8.2 8.4 16.4 18.1 14.0 14.4
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 26.7 26.3 32.7 33.0 25.2a 22.5 26.5 27.4
3-5 16.4 15.4 19.4 19.6 14.3 16.1 17.3 14.1
6-19 21.5 22.6 22.8 22.2 22.1 21.4 20.8 23.6
20 or More 35.3 35.7 25.1 25.2 38.4 40.1 35.4 35.0
90403
Table 7.2A – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2,818 2,632 235 182 1,241a 1,075 1,342 1,374
12-49 1,413 1,226 87a 49 479 423 847 754
50-99 585 624 25 38 184 162 377 424
100-299 770 693 29 31 159 146 581 515
300 or More 152 81 7 5 22 14 123 62
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 949 965 * * 324 285 567 622
3-5 489 365 * * 135 104 331 241
6-19 462 356 * * 91 92 359 258
20 or More 175 168 * * 23 26 142 131
90403
Table 7.2B – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 49.1 50.1 61.4 59.7 59.5 59.1 41.0 43.9
12-49 24.6 23.3 22.7 16.0 23.0 23.2 25.9 24.1
50-99 10.2 11.9 6.4 12.4 8.8 8.9 11.5 13.6
100-299 13.4 13.2 7.6 10.3 7.6 8.0 17.8 16.4
300 or More 2.7 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.1 0.7 3.8 2.0
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 45.7 52.1 * * 56.5 56.2 40.5 49.7
3-5 23.6 19.7 * * 23.6 20.5 23.7 19.2
6-19 22.2 19.2 * * 15.8 18.1 25.6 20.6
20 or More 8.4 9.1 * * 4.0 5.2 10.1 10.4
90403
Table 7.3A – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2,718 2,612 447 466 1,504 1,524 767 623
12-49 631 683 122 136 340 388 170 159
50-99 250 225 25b 60 106 124 118a 41
100-299 136 144 32 25 81 70 23 49
300 or More 27 13 1 4 17 2 9 *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 732 786 120 161 355 420 * *
3-5 174 162 28a 51 82 81 * *
6-19 64 100 21 25 27 46 * *
20 or More 26 12 6 5 11 1 * *
90403
Table 7.3B – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 72.2 71.0 71.3 67.5 73.4 72.3 70.5 70.8
12-49 16.8 18.6 19.4 19.7 16.6 18.4 15.6 18.1
50-99 6.7 6.1 4.0a 8.7 5.2 5.9 10.9 4.6
100-299 3.6 3.9 5.1 3.6 3.9 3.3 2.1 5.6
300 or More 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.8a 0.1 0.8 *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 73.5 74.1 68.5 66.5 74.8 76.5 * *
3-5 17.5 15.3 16.3 21.1 17.2 14.8 * *
6-19 6.4 9.4 11.7 10.5 5.7 8.4 * *
20 or More 2.6 1.1 3.5 1.9 2.3 0.3 * *
90403
Table 7.4A – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 1,316 1,338 587 562 378 399 * *
12-49 393 429 215 228 88 84 * *
50-99 212 128 93 93 36 26 * *
100-299 120 138 88 86 19 24 * *
300 or More 40 13 10 10 * * * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 376 394 170 164 * * * *
3-5 143 111 71 53 * * * *
6-19 68 * 31 40 * * * *
20 or More 29 * 22 11 * * * *
90403
Table 7.4B – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 63.3 65.4 59.1 57.4 71.8 74.9 * *
12-49 18.9 21.0 21.7 23.3 16.8 15.8 * *
50-99 10.2 6.3 9.4 9.5 6.9 4.8 * *
100-299 5.7 6.8 8.9 8.8 3.6 4.5 * *
300 or More 1.9 0.6 1.0 1.0 * * * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 61.0 61.5 57.5 61.1 * * * *
3-5 23.2 17.3 24.2 19.7 * * * *
6-19 11.1 * 10.6 15.0 * * * *
20 or More 4.7 * 7.6 4.1 * * * *
90403
Table 7.5A – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 5,407 5,478 617 601 1,430 1,580 3,359 3,297
3-5 4,887 4,370 407 374 1,279 1,223 3,202 2,774
6-19 6,652 7,012 473 455 1,668 1,805 4,512 4,751
20-29 6,310 6,047 331 326 1,623 1,488 4,356 4,232
30 36,813 36,873 654b 505 5,835 5,661 30,324 30,708
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1                
Fewer Than 6 5,697 6,103 247 211 1,473 1,401 3,977 4,491
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 12,290 12,590 283b 200 2,424 2,442 9,583 9,949
16-25 (1 Pack) 13,312 13,120 96 77 1,631 1,475 11,586 11,568
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 5,430 4,989 25 16 298 340 5,106 4,633
Not Reported 83 71 * 1 8 3 72 67
90403
Table 7.5B – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 9.0 9.2 24.9 26.6 12.1 13.4 7.3 7.2
3-5 8.1 7.3 16.4 16.5 10.8 10.4 7.0 6.1
6-19 11.1 11.7 19.1 20.1 14.1 15.4 9.9 10.4
20-29 10.5 10.1 13.3 14.4 13.7 12.7 9.5 9.2
30 61.3 61.7 26.3a 22.3 49.3 48.1 66.3 67.1
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1                
Fewer Than 6 15.5 16.6 37.8 41.9 25.3 24.7 13.1 14.6
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 33.4 34.1 43.2 39.5 41.5 43.1 31.6 32.4
16-25 (1 Pack) 36.2 35.6 14.6 15.2 27.9 26.1 38.2 37.7
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 14.7 13.5 3.9 3.2 5.1 6.0 16.8 15.1
Not Reported 0.2 0.2 * 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
90403
Table 7.6A – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 36,627 37,612 3,840 3,899 5,299 5,256 27,488 28,457
12-49 42,453 42,613 2,177 2,075 6,594 6,998 33,682 33,540
50-99 25,424 24,561 1,021a 872 4,603 4,757 19,800 18,932
100-299 48,335 49,673 895a 763 8,338 7,987 39,103 40,923
300 or More 10,036 10,613 84 59 669 704 9,283 9,850
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 35,963 37,142 1,989 1,840 5,373 5,518 28,601 29,785
3-5 34,243 32,727 1,070 1,046 5,762 5,828 27,411 25,853
6-19 36,541 38,029 841b 667 7,013 6,898 28,687 30,464
20 or More 20,013 21,076 121a 82 1,887 1,905 18,005 19,089
90403
Table 7.6B – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 22.5 22.8 47.9b 50.9 20.8 20.4 21.2 21.6
12-49 26.1 25.8 27.2 27.1 25.9a 27.2 26.0 25.5
50-99 15.6 14.9 12.7 11.4 18.0 18.5 15.3 14.4
100-299 29.7 30.1 11.2 9.9 32.7a 31.1 30.2 31.1
300 or More 6.2 6.4 1.0 0.8 2.6 2.7 7.2 7.5
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 28.4 28.8 49.5 50.6 26.8 27.4 27.8 28.3
3-5 27.0a 25.4 26.6 28.8 28.8 28.9 26.7b 24.6
6-19 28.8 29.5 20.9a 18.4 35.0 34.2 27.9 29.0
20 or More 15.8 16.3 3.0 2.3 9.4 9.5 17.5 18.1
90409
Table 7.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12,085 12,172 7,772 7,905
Marijuana and Hashish 9,548 9,977 4,901 5,226
Cocaine 1,736 1,418 339 437
Crack 551b 291 59 69
Heroin 148 193 * 20
Hallucinogens 750 807 246 253
LSD 125 121 20 33
PCP 34 16 * *
Ecstasy 386 456 117 100
Inhalants 255 272 360 368
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,866 3,545 3,029 2,679
Pain Relievers 2,988 2,656 2,186 2,090
OxyContin® 302 380 67 55
Tranquilizers 1,087 1,227 747 573
Stimulants3 787 606 266 298
Methamphetamine3 472b 216 58 98
Sedatives 157 116 189 118
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,541 5,093 3,729 3,472
90409
Table 7.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.1 20.4 4.1 4.2
Marijuana and Hashish 15.9 16.7 2.6 2.7
Cocaine 2.9 2.4 0.2 0.2
Crack 0.9b 0.5 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.3 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.2 1.3 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.4 5.9 1.6 1.4
Pain Relievers 5.0 4.4 1.2 1.1
OxyContin® 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 1.8 2.1 0.4 0.3
Stimulants3 1.3 1.0 0.1 0.2
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.4 0.0 0.1
Sedatives 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 9.2 8.5 2.0 1.8
90409
Table 7.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,174 1,109 1,234 1,195
Marijuana and Hashish 1,031 960 655 697
Cocaine 78 77 26 21
Crack 12 6 4 *
Heroin 2 14 2 *
Hallucinogens 125 157 50a 85
LSD 24 38 5 13
PCP 5 6 5 8
Ecstasy 45a 81 20 24
Inhalants 83 81 212 188
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 372a 302 456 408
Pain Relievers 300 242 369 325
OxyContin® 34 37 13 12
Tranquilizers 111 84 72 66
Stimulants3 83a 55 44 57
Methamphetamine3 22 24 11 5
Sedatives 11 18 23 16
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 508 468 673 623
90409
Table 7.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 47.3 49.0 5.4 5.3
Marijuana and Hashish 41.5 42.5 2.9 3.1
Cocaine 3.1 3.4 0.1 0.1
Crack 0.5 0.3 0.0 *
Heroin 0.1 0.6 0.0 *
Hallucinogens 5.0a 6.9 0.2a 0.4
LSD 1.0 1.7 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.8b 3.6 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 3.3 3.6 0.9 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 15.0 13.4 2.0 1.8
Pain Relievers 12.1 10.7 1.6 1.4
OxyContin® 1.4 1.6 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 4.5 3.7 0.3 0.3
Stimulants3 3.3 2.5 0.2 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.9 1.1 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.5 20.7 3.0 2.8
90409
Table 7.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,471 4,333 1,993 2,131
Marijuana and Hashish 3,830 3,784 1,549 1,642
Cocaine 506 430 67 77
Crack 55 42 1 11
Heroin 44 71 4 2
Hallucinogens 382 436 93 113
LSD 56 83 14 14
PCP 12 4 3 *
Ecstasy 199 247 31 57
Inhalants 81 77 49 27
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,388 1,320 562 623
Pain Relievers 1,088 1,047 429 455
OxyContin® 122 108 34 21
Tranquilizers 427 426 144 143
Stimulants3 282 248 71 100
Methamphetamine3 109a 57 7 17
Sedatives 57a 26 15 39
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,924 1,815 719 771
90409
Table 7.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 37.8 36.9 9.5 10.1
Marijuana and Hashish 32.4 32.2 7.4 7.8
Cocaine 4.3 3.7 0.3 0.4
Crack 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 3.2 3.7 0.4 0.5
LSD 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 1.7 2.1 0.1 0.3
Inhalants 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 11.7 11.2 2.7 2.9
Pain Relievers 9.2 8.9 2.1 2.1
OxyContin® 1.0 0.9 0.2 0.1
Tranquilizers 3.6 3.6 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 2.4 2.1 0.3 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.9a 0.5 0.0 0.1
Sedatives 0.5a 0.2 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 16.3 15.4 3.4 3.6
90409
Table 7.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,439 6,729 4,544 4,578
Marijuana and Hashish 4,687 5,233 2,697 2,887
Cocaine 1,153 911 246 340
Crack 483b 243 54 57
Heroin 102 108 * 17
Hallucinogens 243 214 103 55
LSD 45 * * *
PCP 17 6 * *
Ecstasy 142 127 67 19
Inhalants 91 114 100 154
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,106 1,922 2,011 1,648
Pain Relievers 1,599 1,368 1,388 1,310
OxyContin® 146 234 21 22
Tranquilizers 549 717 532 364
Stimulants3 423 302 150 141
Methamphetamine3 341a 135 39 76
Sedatives 89 72 151 63
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3,110 2,810 2,337 2,079
90409
Table 7.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.1 14.7 3.2 3.1
Marijuana and Hashish 10.2 11.4 1.9 2.0
Cocaine 2.5 2.0 0.2 0.2
Crack 1.1b 0.5 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.2 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0
LSD 0.1 * * *
PCP 0.0 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.6 4.2 1.4 1.1
Pain Relievers 3.5 3.0 1.0 0.9
OxyContin® 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 1.2 1.6 0.4 0.2
Stimulants3 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.7a 0.3 0.0 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.8 6.1 1.6 1.4
90409
Table 7.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5,330 5,082 6,547 6,703 3,809 4,346 4,171 3,945
Marijuana and Hashish 4,268 4,209 5,071 5,321 2,782a 3,351 2,327 2,322
Cocaine 932 890 611 660 263 188 270a 117
Crack 204 143 135 124 107 50 164a 43
Heroin 29a 82 17a 75 65 28 42 27
Hallucinogens 367 446 363 360 126 123 139 131
LSD 51 68 55 47 20 11 18 28
PCP 4 9 15 9 4 4 18 *
Ecstasy 181 251 180 207 92 51 51 46
Inhalants 149 77 159 222 77 133 231 209
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 1,780 1,555 1,884 1,856 1,324 1,096 1,908 1,717
Pain Relievers 1,452 1,238 1,348 1,432 894 758 1,480 1,319
OxyContin® 108 117 118 139 36 64 106 115
Tranquilizers 580 470 500 587 372 360 382 383
Stimulants4 315 302 302 298 191 103 244 200
Methamphetamine4 154 77 152 113 93a 20 130 104
Sedatives 77 56 117 69 57 41 95 67
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
2,615 2,385 2,657 2,674 1,634 1,445 2,365 2,062
90409
Table 7.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 31.3 29.4 16.1 16.4 5.5 6.1 3.4 3.3
Marijuana and Hashish 25.1 24.3 12.4 13.0 4.0 4.7 1.9 1.9
Cocaine 5.5 5.1 1.5 1.6 0.4 0.3 0.2a 0.1
Crack 1.2 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.0
Heroin 0.2a 0.5 0.0a 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 2.2 2.6 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 1.1 1.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 10.5 9.0 4.6 4.5 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.4
Pain Relievers 8.5 7.2 3.3 3.5 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1
OxyContin® 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 3.4 2.7 1.2 1.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3
Stimulants4 1.9 1.7 0.7 0.7 0.3a 0.1 0.2 0.2
Methamphetamine4 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
15.4 13.8 6.5 6.6 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.7
90409
Table 7.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 355 336 704 724 296 332 1,053a 913
Marijuana and Hashish 317 284 593 608 226 274 550 490
Cocaine 33 42 37 34 9 8 24 13
Crack 6 2 4 4 1 * 5 *
Heroin 1 4 * 7 1 * * 3
Hallucinogens 44 59 74 95 18 29 39 59
LSD 6 10 12 18 3 6 8 16
PCP 1 6 4 2 1 4 3 2
Ecstasy 20 30 24 42 8 4 13 28
Inhalants 36 25 60 58 27 28 172 157
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 144 136 194 186 90 60 402 328
Pain Relievers 126 103 154 143 83a 46 306 275
OxyContin® 18 13 13 21 7 1 9 14
Tranquilizers 54 33 57 51 12 12 59 53
Stimulants4 26 36 36 37 9 10 56a 30
Methamphetamine4 13 15 6 10 2 * 13 3
Sedatives 3 10 4 7 2 3 26 15
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
177 187 290 294 122 106 592 504
90409
Table 7.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 60.1a 68.5 37.9a 42.6 18.8 22.9 5.0a 4.3
Marijuana and Hashish 53.7 57.9 32.0 35.8 14.3a 18.9 2.6 2.3
Cocaine 5.5 8.6 2.0 2.0 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1
Crack 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 * 0.0 *
Heroin 0.2 0.9 * 0.4 0.1 * * 0.0
Hallucinogens 7.5 12.0 4.0 5.6 1.2 2.0 0.2 0.3
LSD 1.0 2.0 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.1 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 3.4 6.2 1.3 2.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 6.2 5.0 3.2 3.4 1.7 1.9 0.8 0.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 24.3 27.7 10.4 11.0 5.7 4.1 1.9a 1.5
Pain Relievers 21.3 20.9 8.3 8.4 5.3a 3.2 1.4 1.3
OxyContin® 3.0 2.7 0.7 1.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1
Tranquilizers 9.1 6.8 3.1 3.0 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3
Stimulants4 4.4 7.3 2.0 2.2 0.6 0.7 0.3a 0.1
Methamphetamine4 2.2 3.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 * 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.5 2.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
29.9a 38.1 15.6 17.3 7.8 7.3 2.8 2.4
90409
Table 7.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 2,331 2,227 2,482 2,389 882a 1,047 769 802
Marijuana and Hashish 2,021 1,936 2,079 2,017 729a 891 550 581
Cocaine 309 294 199 154 38 28 26 31
Crack 24 26 14 15 9 1 10 10
Heroin 8b 38 17 20 13 2 9 14
Hallucinogens 235 271 171 188 36 55 33 36
LSD 41 56 19 30 1 5 10 7
PCP 4 4 2 0 * * 9 *
Ecstasy 91a 156 101 106 21 25 16 17
Inhalants 43 41 49 44 12 13 25 6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 747 748 698 676 239 249 266 270
Pain Relievers 595 574 538 517 168 192 216 218
OxyContin® 58 56 59 35 19 23 20 15
Tranquilizers 269 245 167 185 76 85 59 55
Stimulants4 146 160 120 133 49 22 37 32
Methamphetamine4 44 24 38 28 21 4 12 17
Sedatives 38a 16 21 22 3 14 10 12
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
1,067 1,051 957 898 295 318 324 318
90409
Table 7.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 48.4 46.8 28.0 27.3 13.9 15.8 6.1 6.3
Marijuana and Hashish 41.9 40.7 23.5 23.1 11.5a 13.4 4.3 4.5
Cocaine 6.4 6.2 2.2 1.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.2
Crack 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.2b 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 4.9 5.7 1.9 2.1 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
LSD 0.9 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 * * 0.1 *
Ecstasy 1.9b 3.3 1.1 1.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 15.5 15.7 7.9 7.7 3.8 3.7 2.1 2.1
Pain Relievers 12.3 12.1 6.1 5.9 2.6 2.9 1.7 1.7
OxyContin® 1.2 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Tranquilizers 5.6 5.1 1.9 2.1 1.2 1.3 0.5 0.4
Stimulants4 3.0 3.4 1.4 1.5 0.8a 0.3 0.3 0.2
Methamphetamine4 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.8a 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
22.1 22.1 10.8 10.3 4.6 4.8 2.5 2.5
90409
Table 7.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 2,643 2,520 3,361 3,591 2,630 2,968 2,349 2,230
Marijuana and Hashish 1,931 1,988 2,399 2,696 1,828 2,186 1,227 1,250
Cocaine 590 554 374 472 215 152 220a 72
Crack 174 115 117 104 97 48 149a 32
Heroin 19 40 * 49 50 26 32 11
Hallucinogens 88 116 118 77 72 39 68 37
LSD 4 2 24 * 16 * * 5
PCP * * 9 6 * * 6 *
Ecstasy 69 64 55 60 63 22 22 *
Inhalants 69 11 51 120 38 92 34 45
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 889 671 992 993 994 787 1,241 1,119
Pain Relievers 731 561 656 772 643 520 957 825
OxyContin® 33 47 45 84 11 40 78 86
Tranquilizers 258 191 276 351 285 264 263 275
Stimulants4 143 106 145 128 132 71 152 138
Methamphetamine4 98 37 108 74 70 16 104 84
Sedatives 36 29 93 40 52 25 59 40
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
1,371 1,147 1,409 1,482 1,217 1,020 1,449 1,240
90409
Table 7.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 22.8 20.9 11.2 11.8 4.3 4.7 2.7 2.6
Marijuana and Hashish 16.6 16.5 8.0 8.9 3.0 3.5 1.4 1.4
Cocaine 5.1 4.6 1.2 1.6 0.4 0.2 0.3a 0.1
Crack 1.5 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2a 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.3 * 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.8 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 * * 0.0
PCP * * 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
Inhalants 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 7.7a 5.6 3.3 3.3 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Pain Relievers 6.3 4.7 2.2 2.5 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.0
OxyContin® 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 2.2 1.6 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3
Stimulants4 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Methamphetamine4 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
11.8 9.5 4.7 4.9 2.0 1.6 1.7 1.4
90409
Table 7.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 15,686 16,132 3,751 3,772 11,935 12,360
Marijuana or Hashish 12,122 12,881 3,224 3,280 8,897 9,601
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1,806 1,738 300 278 1,505 1,460
Heroin 111 186 16 33 95 153
Hallucinogens 856 929 360a 460 496 469
Inhalants 385 432 180 174 205 258
Pain Relievers2 3,694 3,428 914 829 2,780 2,599
Tranquilizers2 1,453 1,417 315 290 1,138 1,128
Stimulants2,3 809 704 190 195 619 509
Methamphetamine3 400a 210 53 35 347a 175
Sedatives2 251 166 28 25 224 141
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA1
6,905 6,503 1,562 1,530 5,343 4,973
90409
Table 7.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.4 12.5 35.0a 37.5 10.3 10.4
Marijuana or Hashish 9.6 10.0 30.0a 32.6 7.7 8.1
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1.4 1.3 2.8 2.8 1.3 1.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.7 3.4b 4.6 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.7 0.2 0.2
Pain Relievers2 2.9 2.7 8.5 8.2 2.4 2.2
Tranquilizers2 1.1 1.1 2.9 2.9 1.0 0.9
Stimulants2,3 0.6 0.5 1.8 1.9 0.5 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.3a 0.1
Sedatives2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA1
5.4 5.0 14.6 15.2 4.6 4.2
90409
Table 7.16A – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2
Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 6,951 7,205 1,716 1,722 5,235 5,483
Marijuana or Hashish 5,983 6,396 1,616 1,627 4,367 4,769
Cocaine (Including Crack) 614 542 71 82 543 459
Heroin 38 53 6 3 32 50
Hallucinogens 99 64 35 39 63 24
Inhalants 16 32 12 20 * 12
Pain Relievers3 519 554 84 79 435 475
Tranquilizers3 89a 171 19 13 69a 158
Stimulants3 39 58 11 9 29 49
Methamphetamine4 123 46 11 6 111 40
Sedatives3 49 15 2 2 47 13
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
1,386 1,302 217 212 1,170 1,090
90409
Table 7.16B – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2
Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5.5 5.6 16.3 17.4 4.5 4.6
Marijuana or Hashish 4.7 5.0 15.3 16.5 3.8 4.0
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 * 0.0
Pain Relievers3 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.1
Stimulants3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Methamphetamine4 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Sedatives3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
1.1 1.0 2.0 2.1 1.0 0.9
90409
Table 7.17A – Types of Illicit Drugs Used in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 15,686 16,132 1,356 1,392 5,695 5,663 8,635 9,078
Marijuana or Hashish 12,122 12,881 1,136 1,166 4,829 4,845 6,157 6,870
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1,806 1,738 79 84 547 475 1,180 1,178
Heroin 111 186 3 11 38 60 70 115
Hallucinogens 856 929 136a 183 442 514 278 232
Inhalants 385 432 123 111 105 97 157 223
Pain Relievers2 3,694 3,428 363a 292 1,301 1,283 2,030 1,853
Tranquilizers2 1,453 1,417 123 96 512 515 818 806
Stimulants2,3 809 704 72 82 316 316 421 305
Methamphetamine3 400a 210 20 25 103a 57 276a 127
Sedatives2 251 166 9 20 62 52 180 94
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
6,905 6,503 589 587 2,319 2,267 3,998 3,649
90409
Table 7.17B – Types of Illicit Drugs Used in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.4 12.5 33.7b 38.3 28.4 28.1 8.4 8.6
Marijuana or Hashish 9.6 10.0 28.3a 32.1 24.1 24.0 6.0 6.5
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1.4 1.3 2.0 2.3 2.7 2.4 1.1 1.1
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.7 3.4b 5.0 2.2 2.5 0.3 0.2
Inhalants 0.3 0.3 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2
Pain Relievers2 2.9 2.7 9.0 8.0 6.5 6.4 2.0 1.8
Tranquilizers2 1.1 1.1 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.6 0.8 0.8
Stimulants2,3 0.6 0.5 1.8 2.3 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.5a 0.3 0.3a 0.1
Sedatives2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
5.4 5.0 14.6 16.1 11.6 11.3 3.9 3.5
90409
Table 7.18A – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 6,951 7,205 580 554 2,739 2,725 3,632 3,926
Marijuana or Hashish 5,983 6,396 539 510 2,535 2,539 2,909 3,348
Cocaine (Including Crack) 614 542 17 23 134 142 463 377
Heroin 38 53 2 2 11 12 25 39
Hallucinogens 99 64 20 16 41 39 38 9
Inhalants 16 32 8 11 6 10 * 11
Pain Relievers3 519 554 33 35 198 166 288 353
Tranquilizers3 89a 171 12 3 46 47 31a 121
Stimulants3 39 58 3 5 22 26 14 27
Methamphetamine4 123 46 3 4 32 14 87 29
Sedatives3 49 15 2 2 13 * 33 13
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
1,386 1,302 79 74 420 395 888 833
90409
Table 7.18B – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5.5 5.6 14.8 15.7 13.8 13.6 3.5 3.7
Marijuana or Hashish 4.7 5.0 13.7 14.5 12.7 12.7 2.8 3.2
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Pain Relievers3 0.4 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.3
Tranquilizers3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0a 0.1
Stimulants3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Methamphetamine4 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
Sedatives3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.0 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
1.1 1.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 0.9 0.8
90409
Table 7.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,151 10,214 1,933 1,957 5,535 5,918 2,237 1,988
Marijuana and Hashish 8,161 8,543 1,387 1,434 3,961 4,338 940 887
Cocaine 1,513 1,330 223a 88 293 408 46 29
Crack 395 268 156b 23 51 49 8 20
Heroin 106 167 42 26 5 18 * *
Hallucinogens 664 739 86 68 192 190 54 63
LSD 117 103 8 18 10 23 10 10
PCP 22 16 12 * * 6 6 *
Ecstasy 357 426 28 30 95 84 23 16
Inhalants 239 237 17 35 146 195 214 173
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,180 2,801 686 743 1,807 1,705 1,222 974
Pain Relievers 2,441 2,127 546 529 1,253 1,301 933 789
OxyContin® 226 280 76 100 36 41 30 15
Tranquilizers 939 987 148 239 513 430 234 144
Stimulants3 632 491 155 115 177 213 89 86
Methamphetamine3 360b 139 112 76 40 70 18 28
Sedatives 127 94 30 22 124 72 65 46
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
4,630 4,227 912 866 2,276 2,276 1,453 1,196
90409
Table 7.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 25.3 25.4 9.7 10.0 6.4 6.7 2.2 2.0
Marijuana and Hashish 20.3 21.2 7.0 7.4 4.6 4.9 0.9 0.9
Cocaine 3.8 3.3 1.1a 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0
Crack 1.0 0.7 0.8b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 * *
Hallucinogens 1.7 1.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.1 * * 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.9 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 7.9a 7.0 3.4 3.8 2.1 1.9 1.2 1.0
Pain Relievers 6.1 5.3 2.7 2.7 1.4 1.5 0.9 0.8
OxyContin® 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 2.3 2.5 0.7 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.1
Stimulants3 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.9b 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
11.5 10.5 4.6 4.4 2.6 2.6 1.4 1.2
90409
Table 7.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 863 824 312 285 493 568 741a 627
Marijuana and Hashish 768 727 263 233 368 439 287 258
Cocaine 67 67 11 10 12 17 14 4
Crack 10 6 2 0 2 1 3 *
Heroin 1 11 0 3 1 * * *
Hallucinogens 104 124 21 33 32 59 18 26
LSD 20 26 5 12 2 8 4 4
PCP 5 6 * * 1 6 3 2
Ecstasy 36 60 9 21 15 17 4 7
Inhalants 69 60 14 21 53 51 159 136
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 289 231 83 71 138 151 318 257
Pain Relievers 240a 187 60 55 123 105 247 220
OxyContin® 28 29 6 8 10 6 3 6
Tranquilizers 98 69 13 15 25 27 46 39
Stimulants3 55 45 28b 10 17 37 28 20
Methamphetamine3 16 22 7 2 5 4 7 1
Sedatives 5 14 6 5 3 6 20 10
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
396 361 111 107 192 226 481 397
90409
Table 7.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 57.1 61.9 32.1 30.6 19.7b 24.6 3.7a 3.1
Marijuana and Hashish 50.8 54.7 27.1 25.0 14.7b 19.0 1.4 1.3
Cocaine 4.4 5.0 1.1 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.0
Crack 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
Heroin 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.3 0.1 * * *
Hallucinogens 6.9 9.3 2.1 3.5 1.3a 2.6 0.1 0.1
LSD 1.3 1.9 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.3 0.5 * * 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 2.4a 4.5 0.9 2.3 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 4.6 4.5 1.4 2.3 2.1 2.2 0.8 0.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 19.1 17.4 8.6 7.6 5.5 6.5 1.6 1.3
Pain Relievers 15.9 14.1 6.2 5.9 4.9 4.6 1.2 1.1
OxyContin® 1.9 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 6.5 5.2 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants3 3.6 3.4 2.9b 1.1 0.7a 1.6 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 1.0 1.6 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
26.2 27.2 11.5 11.5 7.7 9.8 2.4a 2.0
90409
Table 7.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,011 3,877 460 457 1,685 1,786 308 346
Marijuana and Hashish 3,452 3,421 378 363 1,377 1,424 172 218
Cocaine 484 408 22 22 63 68 3 9
Crack 45 35 10 7 1 7 * 3
Heroin 35 59 9 12 4 1 * 1
Hallucinogens 359 412 22 24 82 102 10 11
LSD 52 77 4 6 8 13 6 1
PCP 6 4 6 * * * 3 *
Ecstasy 186 239 12 8 27 47 4 9
Inhalants 80 76 1 1 25 22 24a 5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,253 1,185 134 135 431 488 131 135
Pain Relievers 979 942 110 105 323 341 106 114
OxyContin® 113 97 9 11 23 18 11 3
Tranquilizers 390 393 37 33 122 122 22 21
Stimulants3 258 226 23 22 58 90 13 10
Methamphetamine3 99b 45 10 11 4 11 3 5
Sedatives 51a 22 6 3 11 30 4 9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
1,765 1,646 159 169 554 622 164 149
90409
Table 7.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 42.8 41.6 18.6 18.8 15.8 16.5 3.0 3.3
Marijuana and Hashish 36.9 36.7 15.3 14.9 12.9 13.2 1.7 2.1
Cocaine 5.2 4.4 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.1
Crack 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.1 * 0.0
Heroin 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 3.8 4.4 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.2 * * * 0.0 *
Ecstasy 2.0 2.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1
Inhalants 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.4 12.7 5.4 5.5 4.0 4.5 1.3 1.3
Pain Relievers 10.5 10.1 4.4 4.3 3.0 3.2 1.0 1.1
OxyContin® 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
Tranquilizers 4.2 4.2 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.2
Stimulants3 2.8 2.4 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 1.1b 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.5a 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
18.9 17.6 6.4 7.0 5.2 5.7 1.6 1.4
90409
Table 7.22A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,278 5,514 1,162 1,216 3,357 3,564 1,187 1,015
Marijuana and Hashish 3,941 4,394 746 838 2,216 2,476 481 411
Cocaine 962 855 191a 56 217 323 29 16
Crack 340 227 144b 16 49 40 5 16
Heroin 70 97 32 11 * 17 * *
Hallucinogens 201 203 42 11 77 29 26 26
LSD 45 * * * * * * 5
PCP 11 6 6 * * * * *
Ecstasy 135 127 7 * 53 19 14 *
Inhalants 90 101 2 13 68 122 32 32
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,638 1,385 468 538 1,239 1,067 772 581
Pain Relievers 1,222 998 377 370 808 855 580 456
OxyContin® 85 154 61 80 4 17 16 5
Tranquilizers 452 526 97 191 366 281 166 84
Stimulants3 319 219 104 83 102 86 48 55
Methamphetamine3 245b 72 95 63 31 55 8 21
Sedatives 70 58 18 14 110 36 41 27
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
2,468 2,220 641 590 1,529 1,429 808 650
90409
Table 7.22B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18.0 18.6 7.1 7.5 4.6 4.7 1.7 1.4
Marijuana and Hashish 13.5 14.8 4.5 5.2 3.0 3.3 0.7 0.6
Cocaine 3.3 2.9 1.2a 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0
Crack 1.2 0.8 0.9b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 * 0.0 * *
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
LSD 0.2 * * * * * * 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 * * * * *
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.0 * 0.1 0.0 0.0 *
Inhalants 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.6 4.7 2.8 3.3 1.7 1.4 1.1 0.8
Pain Relievers 4.2 3.4 2.3 2.3 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.6
OxyContin® 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 1.5 1.8 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
Stimulants3 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
8.4 7.5 3.9 3.7 2.1 1.9 1.1 0.9
90409
Table 7.23A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use and Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Cigarette Use/Level of
Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 19,857 20,077 2,409 2,304 6,464 6,465 10,984 11,308
Heavy Alcohol Use1 5,330 5,082 355 336 2,331 2,227 2,643 2,520
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
6,547 6,703 704 724 2,482 2,389 3,361 3,591
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
3,809 4,346 296 332 882a 1,047 2,630 2,968
No Alcohol Use 4,171 3,945 1,053a 913 769 802 2,349 2,230
PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
12,085 12,172 1,174 1,109 4,471 4,333 6,439 6,729
Heavy Alcohol Use1 3,933 3,676 294 244 1,795 1,672 1,844 1,760
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
4,408 4,198 435 444 1,695 1,637 2,278 2,117
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
1,810a 2,340 134 136 521 567 1,156a 1,637
No Alcohol Use 1,933 1,957 312 285 460 457 1,162 1,216
NO PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
7,772 7,905 1,234 1,195 1,993 2,131 4,544 4,578
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,397 1,407 61 93 536 554 799 760
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
2,139 2,505 269 280 787 752 1,083a 1,473
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
1,999 2,006 163 196 361a 480 1,475 1,331
No Alcohol Use 2,237 1,988 741a 627 308 346 1,187 1,015
90409
Table 7.23B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use and Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Cigarette Use/Level of
Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8.0 8.0 9.5 9.3 19.7 19.6 5.8 5.9
Heavy Alcohol Use1 31.3 29.4 60.1a 68.5 48.4 46.8 22.8 20.9
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
16.1 16.4 37.9a 42.6 28.0 27.3 11.2 11.8
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
5.5 6.1 18.8 22.9 13.9 15.8 4.3 4.7
No Alcohol Use 3.4 3.3 5.0a 4.3 6.1 6.3 2.7 2.6
PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
20.1 20.4 47.3 49.0 37.8 36.9 14.1 14.7
Heavy Alcohol Use1 39.8 36.6 69.6 76.4 57.2 54.3 29.2 26.5
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
25.7 25.2 54.5 60.1 39.3 37.1 18.9 18.4
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
13.8a 17.2 45.9 50.1 27.2 30.9 10.6a 14.2
No Alcohol Use 9.7 10.0 32.1 30.6 18.6 18.8 7.1 7.5
NO PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
4.1 4.2 5.4 5.3 9.5 10.1 3.2 3.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 19.6 19.4 36.3a 53.9 31.9 33.0 15.1 14.1
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
9.1 10.4 25.4 29.2 17.3 17.3 6.0 7.8
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
3.6 3.5 12.7a 16.7 8.1 10.0 2.9 2.6
No Alcohol Use 2.2 2.0 3.7a 3.1 3.0 3.3 1.7 1.4
90409
Table 7.24A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 10,870 11,087
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 3,215 3,406 4,836 5,264
Cigars 7,316 7,505 5,947 5,621
Pipe Tobacco 1,138 957 907 920
ALCOHOL 40,166 40,290 86,594 88,684
Binge Alcohol Use2 27,031 26,675 30,747 31,421
Heavy Alcohol Use2 9,877 10,032 7,134 7,259
90409
Table 7.24B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 5.8 5.8
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 5.4 5.7 2.6 2.8
Cigars 12.2 12.6 3.2 3.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.9 1.6 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 66.9 67.4 46.1 46.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 45.0 44.6 16.4 16.5
Heavy Alcohol Use2 16.4 16.8 3.8 3.8
90409
Table 7.25A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 646 583
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 324 292 293 255
Cigars 699a 598 371 345
Pipe Tobacco 135 128 46 49
ALCOHOL 1,512a 1,329 2,509a 2,306
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,220a 1,058 1,227 1,130
Heavy Alcohol Use2 422b 319 169 172
90409
Table 7.25B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 2.8 2.6
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 13.0 12.9 1.3 1.1
Cigars 28.2 26.5 1.6 1.5
Pipe Tobacco 5.5 5.6 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL 60.9 58.8 11.0a 10.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 49.2 46.8 5.4 5.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 17.0 14.1 0.7 0.8
90409
Table 7.26A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 1,859 1,871
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 1,125 1,105 596 667
Cigars 2,554 2,485 1,319 1,236
Pipe Tobacco 279 302 115 155
ALCOHOL 9,361 9,325 10,673 10,824
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,446 7,488 6,228 6,022
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,140 3,080 1,680 1,681
90409
Table 7.26B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 8.9 8.8
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 9.5 9.4 2.9 3.2
Cigars 21.6 21.1 6.3 5.8
Pipe Tobacco 2.4 2.6 0.6 0.7
ALCOHOL 79.1 79.3 51.1 51.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 62.9 63.7 29.8 28.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 26.5 26.2 8.0 7.9
90409
Table 7.27A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 8,365 8,633
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 1,766 2,010 3,947 4,341
Cigars 4,064 4,422 4,256 4,040
Pipe Tobacco 724 528 746 717
ALCOHOL 29,293 29,636 73,412 75,555
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,364 18,129 23,292 24,268
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6,315 6,633 5,285 5,407
90409
Table 7.27B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 5.8 5.9
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 3.9 4.4 2.7 3.0
Cigars 8.9 9.7 3.0 2.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.6 1.2 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 64.0 64.8 50.9 51.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.1 39.6 16.2 16.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 13.8 14.5 3.7 3.7
90409
Table 7.28A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 11,554 11,899 20,350 19,707 16,102 16,793 22,933 22,469
Cigarettes 9,877 10,032 17,154 16,643 13,135 13,615 19,903 19,490
Smokeless Tobacco 2,099 2,163 2,291 2,401 1,408 1,564 2,253 2,542
Cigars 2,983 3,073 4,617 4,454 2,964 3,235 2,700 2,365
Pipe Tobacco 396 343 520 510 533 435 597 588
90409
Table 7.28B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 67.9 68.8 49.9 48.3 23.3 23.7 18.9 18.6
Cigarettes 58.1 58.0 42.1 40.8 19.0 19.2 16.4 16.1
Smokeless Tobacco 12.3 12.5 5.6 5.9 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.1
Cigars 17.5 17.8 11.3 10.9 4.3 4.6 2.2 2.0
Pipe Tobacco 2.3 2.0 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5
90409
Table 7.29A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 490b 378 977 890 380 363 1,281 1,213
Cigarettes 422b 319 798 739 291 271 970 931
Smokeless Tobacco 129 93 183 160 56 38 248 256
Cigars 216 177 357 322 105 136 393a 309
Pipe Tobacco 49 38 55 80 22 16 55 43
90409
Table 7.29B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 82.9 77.0 52.6 52.4 24.2 25.1 6.0 5.7
Cigarettes 71.5 65.0 43.0 43.5 18.5 18.7 4.6 4.4
Smokeless Tobacco 21.8 19.0 9.9 9.4 3.6 2.6 1.2 1.2
Cigars 36.5 36.1 19.2 18.9 6.7 9.4 1.8a 1.5
Pipe Tobacco 8.4 7.6 3.0a 4.7 1.4 1.1 0.3 0.2
90409
Table 7.30A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 3,643 3,544 5,004 5,041 2,205 2,234 2,841 2,810
Cigarettes 3,140 3,080 4,307 4,408 1,915 1,837 2,474 2,433
Smokeless Tobacco 758 694 571 632 116a 176 276 270
Cigars 1,260 1,184 1,477 1,351 528 613 608 573
Pipe Tobacco 119 145 168 151 53 70 54a 91
90409
Table 7.30B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 75.6 74.5 56.5 57.6 34.7 33.7 22.4 22.0
Cigarettes 65.1 64.7 48.6 50.4 30.1 27.7 19.5 19.0
Smokeless Tobacco 15.7 14.6 6.4 7.2 1.8a 2.7 2.2 2.1
Cigars 26.1 24.9 16.7 15.4 8.3 9.2 4.8 4.5
Pipe Tobacco 2.5 3.0 1.9 1.7 0.8 1.0 0.4a 0.7
90409
Table 7.31A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 7,420 7,976 14,369 13,776 13,517 14,196 18,811 18,446
Cigarettes 6,315 6,633 12,049 11,496 10,929 11,507 16,459 16,126
Smokeless Tobacco 1,212 1,376 1,537 1,609 1,235 1,350 1,729 2,016
Cigars 1,507 1,712 2,783 2,781 2,331 2,486 1,699 1,483
Pipe Tobacco 227 161 297 280 459 349 488 454
90409
Table 7.31B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 64.0 66.2 47.8 45.4 22.1 22.6 21.6 21.3
Cigarettes 54.4 55.1 40.1 37.9 17.9 18.3 18.9 18.6
Smokeless Tobacco 10.4 11.4 5.1 5.3 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.3
Cigars 13.0 14.2 9.3 9.2 3.8 4.0 1.9 1.7
Pipe Tobacco 2.0 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5
90330
Table 7.32A – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic
Characteristic
Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 25,443 26,132 18,577 19,099 6,866 7,033 27.0 26.9
AGE                
12-17 2,059 2,032 1,636 1,626 422 405 20.5 19.9
12-13 86 83 62 67 24 16 * *
14-15 536 518 435 402 101 116 18.9 22.4
16-17 1,436 1,430 1,139 1,158 297 273 20.7 19.1
18-25 8,969 8,927 6,807 6,807 2,162 2,120 24.1 23.7
18-20 3,579 3,654 2,783 2,920 796 734 22.2 20.1
21-25 5,390 5,274 4,024 3,887 1,366 1,386 25.3 26.3
26 or Older 14,415 15,173 10,133 10,665 4,281 4,508 29.7 29.7
26-34 5,648 6,048 3,884 4,365 1,764 1,682 31.2 27.8
35-49 5,816 5,906 4,061 4,214 1,755 1,692 30.2 28.7
50 or Older 2,950 3,220 2,188 2,086 762 1,133 25.8 35.2
GENDER                
Male 15,739 15,359 12,038 11,706 3,701 3,652 23.5 23.8
Female 9,704b 10,774 6,539b 7,393 3,165 3,381 32.6 31.4
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 1,147 1,097 932 880 215 217 18.7 19.8
Female 12-17 911 934 704 747 207 188 22.7 20.1
90330
Table 7.32B – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic
Characteristic
Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 10.3 10.5 7.5 7.6 2.8 2.8 27.0 26.9
AGE                
12-17 8.2 8.2 6.5 6.5 1.7 1.6 20.5 19.9
12-13 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.2 * *
14-15 6.3 6.1 5.1 4.8 1.2 1.4 18.9 22.4
16-17 16.7 16.5 13.3 13.4 3.5 3.2 20.7 19.1
18-25 27.4 27.1 20.8 20.7 6.6 6.4 24.1 23.7
18-20 27.0 27.6 21.0 22.1 6.0 5.6 22.2 20.1
21-25 27.6 26.7 20.6 19.7 7.0 7.0 25.3 26.3
26 or Older 7.6 7.9 5.3 5.6 2.3 2.3 29.7 29.7
26-34 16.0 17.0 11.0 12.3 5.0 4.7 31.2 27.8
35-49 9.0 9.2 6.3 6.6 2.7 2.6 30.2 28.7
50 or Older 3.3 3.5 2.4 2.3 0.8 1.2 25.8 35.2
GENDER                
Male 13.1 12.7 10.0 9.7 3.1 3.0 23.5 23.8
Female 7.6a 8.4 5.1b 5.8 2.5 2.6 32.6 31.4
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 8.9 8.6 7.2 6.9 1.7 1.7 18.7 19.8
Female 12-17 7.4 7.7 5.7 6.1 1.7 1.5 22.7 20.1
90408
Table 7.33A – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 60,069 59,781 34,096 34,512 56.8 57.7
12 35 46 11 4 * *
13 110 115 21 23 * *
14 248 207 80 71 32.3 34.4
15 469 440 164 143 34.9 32.5
16 689 613 272b 198 39.5a 32.3
17 931 840 360 334 38.7 39.8
18 1,414 1,478 552 606 39.0 41.0
19 1,455 1,491 606 661 41.6 44.4
20 1,457 1,462 621 618 42.6 42.3
21 1,518 1,534 665 673 43.8 43.9
22 1,529 1,520 712 735 46.6 48.4
23 1,575 1,468 757 687 48.1 46.8
24 1,557 1,387 764 658 49.1 47.4
25 1,329 1,418 667 682 50.2 48.1
26-29 5,853 6,326 2,851 3,229 48.7 51.0
30-34 5,944 5,643 3,155 3,154 53.1 55.9
35-39 5,996 5,295 3,214 3,029 53.6 57.2
40-44 5,634 5,867 3,623 3,697 64.3 63.0
45-49 6,687 6,476 4,606 4,454 68.9 68.8
50-54 5,806 5,954 3,571 3,973 61.5 66.7
55-59 4,057 3,664 2,902 2,439 71.5 66.6
60-64 2,505 2,716 1,737 1,883 69.3 69.3
65 or Older 3,269 3,822 2,183 2,557 66.8 66.9
90408
Table 7.33B – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 24.2 23.9 13.8 13.8 56.8 57.7
12 0.9 1.2 0.3 0.1 * *
13 2.7 2.9 0.5 0.6 * *
14 6.0 5.0 1.9 1.7 32.3 34.4
15 10.7 10.1 3.7 3.3 34.9 32.5
16 15.5 14.1 6.1b 4.6 39.5a 32.3
17 22.5a 19.4 8.7 7.7 38.7 39.8
18 29.7 30.2 11.6 12.4 39.0 41.0
19 33.2 34.3 13.8 15.2 41.6 44.4
20 35.7 36.9 15.2 15.6 42.6 42.3
21 37.1 38.5 16.3 16.9 43.8 43.9
22 40.3 37.7 18.8 18.2 46.6 48.4
23 39.8a 36.0 19.1 16.8 48.1 46.8
24 39.5a 36.0 19.4 17.1 49.1 47.4
25 35.7 37.6 17.9 18.1 50.2 48.1
26-29 35.7 37.1 17.4 18.9 48.7 51.0
30-34 31.5 30.4 16.7 17.0 53.1 55.9
35-39 28.5 26.1 15.3 15.0 53.6 57.2
40-44 26.6 27.4 17.1 17.3 64.3 63.0
45-49 29.6 28.8 20.4 19.8 68.9 68.8
50-54 26.7 27.1 16.4 18.1 61.5 66.7
55-59 22.0 20.6 15.8 13.7 71.5 66.6
60-64 18.8 18.0 13.1 12.5 69.3 69.3
65 or Older 9.0 10.3 6.0 6.9 66.8 66.9
90408
Table 7.34A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 34,096 34,512 909a 774 5,344 5,322 27,843 28,416
GENDER                
Male 18,050 18,284 492b 377 2,982 2,990 14,577 14,917
Female 16,046 16,228 417 397 2,363 2,332 13,266 13,499
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,751 32,124 831b 694 4,848 4,834 26,072 26,595
White 26,624 26,477 695a 585 3,991 4,018 21,938 21,875
Black or African American 3,816 4,254 102 65 576 599 3,138 3,591
American Indian or Alaska Native 197 192 * 9 * 25 153 158
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 557 397 11 5 141a 82 405 310
Two or More Races 428a 669 14 29 83 78 331 562
Hispanic or Latino 2,345 2,388 77 80 496 488 1,771 1,821
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 9,375 8,790 213 199 1,747 1,653 7,415 6,939
$20,000 - $49,999 13,224 13,401 359b 270 2,102 2,002 10,763 11,128
$50,000 - $74,999 5,610 5,732 125 116 728 711 4,757 4,904
$75,000 or More 5,887 6,589 212 188 768b 956 4,908 5,445
90408
Table 7.34B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.8 13.8 3.6a 3.1 16.3 16.2 14.7 14.8
GENDER                
Male 15.0 15.1 3.8b 3.0 18.1 18.0 16.0 16.2
Female 12.6 12.6 3.4 3.3 14.5 14.2 13.4 13.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.9 15.0 4.0a 3.4 18.0 17.8 15.7 15.9
White 15.7 15.6 4.6a 4.0 19.7 19.8 16.4 16.3
Black or African American 13.1 14.4 2.6 1.7 12.7 12.9 15.0 17.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 15.5 17.7 * 6.9 * 14.3 16.4 20.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 5.3 3.7 1.1 0.5 9.7b 5.5 5.0 3.7
Two or More Races 15.6 22.2 3.4 5.7 18.7 19.1 17.6 26.8
Hispanic or Latino 6.8 6.8 1.7 1.7 8.6 8.4 7.4 7.4
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 20.8 21.0 5.0 5.3 17.2 17.4 24.3 24.3
$20,000 - $49,999 16.2 16.6 4.7b 3.5 18.7 17.6 17.2 18.0
$50,000 - $74,999 12.4 12.3 2.7 2.5 15.0 14.2 13.3 13.3
$75,000 or More 7.7 8.2 2.4 2.1 11.9 13.5 8.0 8.4
120411
Table 7.35A (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 34,175 34,525 914a 783 5,344 5,292 27,916 28,450
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 5,867 6,014 144 139 921 945 4,801 4,930
New England 1,446 1,470 41 31 247 239 1,157 1,201
Middle Atlantic 4,422 4,544 104 108 674 706 3,644 3,730
Midwest 9,128 8,723 257 240 1,411 1,452 7,460 7,031
East North Central 6,400 6,199 196 174 997 995 5,208 5,030
West North Central 2,727 2,524 61 66 414 457 2,252 2,002
South 13,481 13,910 358a 276 2,102 1,981 11,021 11,653
South Atlantic 6,869 7,004 172 141 1,013 977 5,683 5,886
East South Central 2,883 2,842 78 65 511a 399 2,293 2,377
West South Central 3,729 4,064 107 70 578 605 3,044 3,389
West 5,699 5,878 156 128 910 914 4,634 4,835
Mountain 2,209 2,250 63 48 368 348 1,779 1,854
Pacific 3,490 3,627 93 80 542 566 2,855 2,981
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 15,580 16,100 357 307 2,433 2,452 12,790 13,341
Small Metro 10,977 10,619 315 266 1,773 1,761 8,890 8,592
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 7,122 7,053 206 171 1,132 1,159 5,784 5,724
< 250K Pop. 3,854 3,566 109 95 640 602 3,105 2,868
Nonmetro 7,618 7,806 243 210 1,138 1,079 6,236 6,516
Urbanized 2,923 3,058 106 83 453 430 2,363 2,544
Less Urbanized 3,984 4,056 124 102 577 561 3,283 3,393
Completely Rural 711 692 12 24 109 89 590 579
120411
Table 7.35B (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.8 13.8 3.6a 3.1 16.3 16.1 14.7 14.8
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 12.8 13.0 3.2 3.2 15.6 15.8 13.5 13.8
New England 12.0 12.2 3.5 2.8 16.2 15.3 12.4 12.8
Middle Atlantic 13.1 13.3 3.1 3.3 15.4 15.9 13.9 14.1
Midwest 16.7 15.9 4.6 4.4 19.4 20.0 17.8 16.7
East North Central 16.7 16.2 5.0 4.5 19.8 19.8 17.8 17.1
West North Central 16.5 15.2 3.6 4.0 18.3 20.4 17.9 15.8
South 15.0 15.3 3.9a 3.1 18.0 16.8 15.9 16.6
South Atlantic 14.4 14.6 3.7 3.1 17.2 16.4 15.3 15.7
East South Central 19.6 19.1 5.3 4.4 27.4a 21.3 20.1 20.6
West South Central 13.5 14.5 3.6 2.3 14.8 15.4 14.7 16.0
West 10.0 10.2 2.6 2.1 11.6 11.6 10.7 11.0
Mountain 12.8 12.8 3.5 2.7 15.6 14.7 13.6 13.8
Pacific 8.7 9.0 2.2 1.9 9.9 10.2 9.4 9.8
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11.7 12.1 2.6 2.3 14.1 13.7 12.6 13.1
Small Metro 14.8 14.1 4.3 3.6 17.2 17.4 15.8 14.8
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 14.4 14.1 4.1 3.5 16.7 17.7 15.3 14.8
< 250K Pop. 15.7 14.0 4.5 3.8 18.0 16.9 16.7 14.8
Nonmetro 18.5 18.9 5.8 5.0 22.3 21.6 19.6 20.3
Urbanized 17.4 17.8 6.2 4.7 19.9 18.8 18.4 19.4
Less Urbanized 20.3 20.2 6.1 5.0 23.6 23.8 21.6 21.6
Completely Rural 15.5 17.2 2.9 6.5 29.2 25.0 15.5 17.6
90408
Table 7.36A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2007)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18+
(2007)
Aged 18+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 33,187 33,738 14,282 14,843 12,058 12,003 6,847 6,892
AGE                
18-25 5,344 5,322 2,844 2,821 1,819 1,889 682 612
26-34 6,006 6,383 2,785 3,012 2,074 2,268 1,147 1,103
35-49 11,443 11,180 5,449 5,095 4,025 3,827 1,969 2,258
50 or Older 10,393 10,853 3,204 3,915 4,140 4,018 3,049 2,919
GENDER                
Male 17,558 17,907 8,067 8,355 6,254 6,122 3,237 3,430
Female 15,629 15,831 6,215 6,488 5,804 5,881 3,610 3,462
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 30,920 31,429 13,435 14,076 11,366 11,061 6,119 6,293
White 25,929 25,892 11,964 12,300 9,407 8,993 4,558 4,600
Black or African American 3,714 4,189 1,009 1,228 1,478 1,620 1,227 1,341
Other or Two or More Races 1,276 1,348 461 * 481 448 333 352
Hispanic or Latino 2,267 2,309 848 767 692 942 728 599
EDUCATION                
< High School 8,316 8,493 4,309 4,263 2,590 2,901 1,416 1,329
High School Graduate 13,702 13,871 5,723 6,037 5,241 5,092 2,738 2,742
Some College 8,043 8,075 3,258 3,377 3,067 2,867 1,718 1,831
College Graduate 3,126 3,299 991 1,166 1,160 1,143 974 990
90408
Table 7.36B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2007)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18+
(2007)
Aged 18+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 57.6 58.7 64.2 65.1 58.5 59.2 46.5 47.6
AGE                
18-25 45.2 45.3 54.9 57.0 41.2 41.1 30.4 27.6
26-34 50.9 53.3 60.0 60.7 50.1 53.9 38.1 39.4
35-49 62.5 63.4 70.4 68.2 64.5 64.5 45.4a 53.3
50 or Older 66.5 67.2 68.2 72.4 71.3 72.7 59.4 55.9
GENDER                
Male 56.1 58.1 63.7 65.2 56.6 57.7 42.5 46.4
Female 59.5 59.2 64.8 65.0 60.7 60.9 50.8 48.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 60.8 61.5 66.1 67.2 62.7 62.0 49.3 51.0
White 62.5 62.9 66.3 68.8 63.9 62.4 52.4 52.1
Black or African American 56.8 58.5 67.9 59.4 61.4 63.0 46.3 53.3
Other or Two or More Races 44.5 47.9 58.5 * 47.7 53.3 31.2 35.4
Hispanic or Latino 33.8 36.0 44.0 41.5 27.9a 38.7 31.6 28.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 69.6 70.4 78.0 76.8 64.8 70.9 58.5 54.8
High School Graduate 63.0 64.6 70.6 71.5 62.4 64.6 52.3 53.4
Some College 52.2 53.1 56.2 60.4 56.9 52.8 40.6 43.6
College Graduate 36.8 37.6 35.0 36.4 41.1 39.9 34.4 36.4
90408
Table 7.37A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily1
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 33,187 33,738 6,223 5,860 12,399 12,979 13,612 13,774 954 1,125
AGE                    
18-25 5,344 5,322 1,122 1,107 2,478 2,460 1,460 1,443 283 312
26-34 6,006 6,383 1,111 1,172 2,352 2,374 2,271 2,593 273 244
35-49 11,443 11,180 2,370 2,082 4,406 4,262 4,468 4,658 199 179
50 or Older 10,393 10,853 1,620 1,500 3,162 3,883 5,413 5,080 * *
GENDER                    
Male 17,558 17,907 3,495 3,381 6,749 6,988 6,802 6,727 513a 811
Female 15,629 15,831 2,728 2,479 5,649 5,991 6,810 7,047 441 314
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 30,920 31,429 5,905 5,495 11,729 12,254 12,557 12,873 729 807
White 25,929 25,892 5,358 4,948 10,223 10,529 10,035 9,962 313 454
Black or African American 3,714 4,189 * * 1,075 1,205 1,957 2,305 349 306
Other or Two or More Races 1,276 1,348 * * 430 * 565 606 67 *
Hispanic or Latino 2,267 2,309 * * 670 724 1,055 901 225 317
EDUCATION                    
< High School 8,316 8,493 2,309 2,172 3,428 3,699 2,266 2,132 313 490
High School Graduate 13,702 13,871 2,322 2,320 5,386 5,581 5,605 5,613 389 357
Some College 8,043 8,075 1,310 1,164 2,843 2,825 3,743 3,975 148 110
College Graduate 3,126 3,299 * * 741 873 1,998 2,054 104 167
90408
Table 7.37B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily2
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, who used cigarettes in past month regardless of whether they ever used cigarettes daily.
2 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 57.6 58.7 82.7 78.9 71.4 72.9 56.3 58.1 11.2 13.1
AGE                    
18-25 45.2 45.3 74.6 78.3 64.0 65.9 46.8 46.3 8.5 8.9
26-34 50.9 53.3 77.8 82.2 66.8 66.1 49.4 52.9 12.1 11.9
35-49 62.5 63.4 87.1 83.2 77.0 75.4 56.2 60.5 10.4 10.0
50 or Older 66.5 67.2 86.6a 71.9 74.6 80.4 63.5 63.6 * *
GENDER                    
Male 56.1 58.1 82.6 79.3 70.1 71.9 53.9 57.3 10.6a 16.0
Female 59.5 59.2 82.8 78.5 73.1 74.1 58.9 58.9 12.0 8.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 60.8 61.5 84.1 80.2 73.4 74.6 58.2 60.0 11.6 12.7
White 62.5 62.9 84.3 82.3 73.2 75.2 59.1 60.4 7.5 9.8
Black or African American 56.8 58.5 * * 79.2 72.2 57.9 63.3 24.8 25.1
Other or Two or More Races 44.5 47.9 * * 67.0 * 45.3 45.8 9.4 *
Hispanic or Latino 33.8 36.0 * * 48.4 52.9 40.6 40.0 10.1 14.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School 69.6 70.4 84.2 86.7 77.6 81.1 64.9 64.8 24.2 28.7
High School Graduate 63.0 64.6 85.4 80.3 74.3 76.4 62.9 63.7 13.6 14.6
Some College 52.2 53.1 78.9 74.6 70.4 66.3 52.2 56.7 5.8 4.6
College Graduate 36.8 37.6 * * 44.8 52.2 43.4 44.8 5.7 8.1
90413
Table 7.38A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 5,758 5,841 2,141 2,374 2,116 2,181 1,182 981 318 305
AGE                    
18-25 2,592 2,563 1,141 1,154 1,026 1,027 328 308 97 74
26-34 1,236 1,502 367 508 504 621 291 292 74 80
35-49 1,400 1,425 576 684 441 401 345 274 37 66
50 or Older 530 351 * 27 145 133 218 106 111 85
GENDER                    
Male 3,952 3,550 1,557 1,513 1,399 1,242 813 606 183 189
Female 1,806b 2,291 584b 861 718a 939 369 375 135 116
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,082 5,044 1,863 2,067 1,868 1,896 1,095 861 256 219
White 3,864 3,918 1,494 1,664 1,440 1,474 798 654 133 126
Black or African American 957 914 292 333 322 358 257 176 85 48
Other or Two or More Races 261 212 77 71 106 64 41 32 38 45
Hispanic or Latino 675 797 278 306 248 285 87 120 62 86
EDUCATION                    
< High School 1,493 1,301 715 683 506 393 163 95 109 130
High School Graduate 1,880 2,159 755 887 666 828 364 327 96 117
Some College 1,706 1,638 539 539 679 663 399 392 89 44
College Graduate 679 743 133a 265 266 297 257 167 24 15
90413
Table 7.38B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.6 2.6 12.9 13.5 5.8 6.0 2.7 2.2 0.3 0.2
AGE                    
18-25 7.9 7.8 24.4 24.6 13.4 13.8 7.6 6.9 0.6 0.5
26-34 3.5 4.2 11.6 15.2 7.0 8.4 3.9 3.9 0.4 0.5
35-49 2.2 2.2 7.7 8.6 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.3 0.1 0.2
50 or Older 0.6 0.4 * 1.8 2.2 1.9 1.1 0.5 0.2 0.1
GENDER                    
Male 3.7 3.3 16.2 14.9 7.0 6.1 3.6 2.7 0.3 0.3
Female 1.6b 2.0 8.4b 11.6 4.3a 5.7 1.8 1.7 0.2 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.6 12.6 13.3 5.6 5.7 2.8 2.1 0.2 0.2
White 2.5 2.5 12.0 12.9 5.1 5.3 2.4 2.0 0.2 0.2
Black or African American 3.8 3.5 17.5 17.1 8.7 8.7 5.0 3.2 0.6 0.3
Other or Two or More Races 1.9 1.5 12.0 10.1 8.1 5.7 2.4 1.6 0.4 0.4
Hispanic or Latino 2.3 2.6 15.5 14.9 7.6 7.8 2.5 3.6 0.3 0.4
EDUCATION                    
< High School 4.1 3.7 22.5 20.5 10.6 9.1 4.8 2.8 0.4 0.5
High School Graduate 2.8 3.1 13.2 15.4 5.9 7.1 3.2 2.7 0.2 0.3
Some College 3.0 2.9 11.3 11.0 5.8 5.9 3.3 3.1 0.3 0.2
College Graduate 1.1 1.2 4.5 7.4 2.9 3.1 1.6 1.0 0.1 0.0
90413
Table 7.39A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 17,273 17,119 6,209 6,541 7,850 7,297 3,214 3,282
AGE                
18-25 5,506 5,670 2,154 2,331 2,654 2,572 699 767
26-34 3,779 4,104 1,388 1,490 1,733 1,769 658 845
35-49 5,051 4,623 1,978 2,036 2,064 1,794 1,009 793
50 or Older 2,937 2,723 689 683 1,399 1,162 848 877
GENDER                
Male 12,048 11,173 4,393 4,268 5,394 4,810 2,260 2,095
Female 5,225a 5,947 1,816b 2,273 2,456 2,487 954 1,187
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,127 14,544 5,518 5,551 6,907 6,298 2,702 2,694
White 12,555 11,941 4,871 4,809 5,760 5,283 1,924 1,849
Black or African American 1,754 1,880 462 559 774 735 518 586
Other or Two or More Races 818 723 185 183 374 280 260 259
Hispanic or Latino 2,146a 2,576 691a 989 943 999 512 587
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,767 2,574 1,250 1,096 1,012 1,054 506 424
High School Graduate 5,294 5,448 1,799 2,022 2,563 2,266 932 1,159
Some College 5,041 5,149 1,804 1,968 2,368 2,330 869 850
College Graduate 4,170 3,949 1,355 1,454 1,907 1,647 908 849
90413
Table 7.39B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7.8 7.6 15.9 16.5 10.9 10.0 3.9 3.9
AGE                
18-25 16.8 17.2 30.0 31.8 21.3 20.6 8.5 9.1
26-34 10.7 11.5 18.6 20.8 14.7 14.6 5.3 6.6
35-49 7.8 7.2 13.6 13.7 8.8 7.8 5.0 3.9
50 or Older 3.3 3.0 7.0 6.6 5.7 4.6 2.0 2.1
GENDER                
Male 11.2a 10.3 18.4 17.5 13.5 12.1 6.7 6.0
Female 4.5a 5.1 12.0b 14.9 7.6 7.5 1.9 2.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.8 7.5 15.9 15.8 10.7 9.7 3.7 3.8
White 8.2 7.7 16.1 15.9 10.6 9.5 3.4 3.4
Black or African American 6.9 7.3 15.4 17.2 11.0 11.2 4.9 5.3
Other or Two or More Races 6.0 5.1 13.7 10.4 13.4 10.6 4.5 4.4
Hispanic or Latino 7.3 8.5 15.7a 22.0 12.1 12.4 4.8 5.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 7.6 7.3 21.8 19.2 10.5 12.2 4.3 3.7
High School Graduate 7.8 7.8 16.4 18.5 11.6 9.7 3.7 4.5
Some College 8.8 9.0 16.1 17.8 11.8 11.6 4.1 4.0
College Graduate 6.9 6.3 12.1 12.1 9.4 7.9 3.7 3.4
90413
Table 7.40A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 15,200 14,971 5,309 5,554 6,822 6,291 2,359 2,247 710 879
21 to 25 3,433 3,521 1,254 1,344 1,625 1,567 458 522 96 89
26 or Older 11,767 11,449 4,055 4,210 5,197 4,725 1,901 1,725 614 790
26 to 49 8,830 8,726 3,365 3,526 3,797 3,563 1,217 1,171 450 467
26 to 34 3,779 4,104 1,388 1,490 1,733 1,769 518 643 140 202
35 to 49 5,051 4,623 1,978 2,036 2,064 1,794 699 528 310 265
50 or Older 2,937 2,723 689 683 1,399 1,162 684 554 164 324
90413
Table 7.40B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 7.3 7.1 14.7 15.1 10.2 9.3 4.9 4.7 2.2 2.6
21 to 25 17.6 17.9 29.3 31.1 23.2 22.0 10.9 12.0 4.9 4.3
26 or Older 6.2 6.0 12.7 13.0 8.7 7.8 4.3 4.0 2.0 2.5
26 to 49 8.8 8.7 15.3 16.0 10.8 10.2 6.0 6.0 3.6 3.5
26 to 34 10.7 11.5 18.6 20.8 14.7 14.6 7.0 8.7 2.8 3.7
35 to 49 7.8 7.2 13.6 13.7 8.8 7.8 5.5 4.4 4.1 3.3
50 or Older 3.3 3.0 7.0 6.6 5.7 4.6 2.8 2.3 0.9 1.8
90413
Table 7.41A – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4,107 4,227 1,611 1,781 1,474 1,557 825 740 198 150
AGE                    
18-25 1,781 1,853 806 881 721 739 206 189 48 45
26-34 866a 1,123 281 360 321 469 237 246 27 49
35-49 1,079 1,026 468 521 331 261 242 216 37 28
50 or Older 381 225 * 19 100 88 139 89 86 29
GENDER                    
Male 2,672 2,483 1,112 1,082 905 846 570 455 85 100
Female 1,435a 1,744 499a 699 569 711 255 285 113 49
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,623 3,698 1,397 1,545 1,289 1,396 763 649 173 108
White 2,739 2,871 1,095 1,245 998 1,084 564 497 82 45
Black or African American 737 673 245 253 244 255 174 129 74 36
Other or Two or More Races 146 153 57 47 47 57 25 23 17 27
Hispanic or Latino 484 529 214 236 185 161 61 91 25 42
EDUCATION                    
< High School 1,081 862 545 510 383a 237 98 68 55 48
High School Graduate 1,345 1,580 595 675 415a 586 272 254 64 65
Some College 1,222 1,224 400 394 467 524 289 275 65 31
College Graduate 459 561 71b 201 209 210 166 143 14 7
90413
Table 7.41B – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.8 1.9 9.7 10.1 4.0 4.2 1.9 1.7 0.2 0.1
AGE                    
18-25 5.4 5.6 17.3 18.8 9.5 9.9 4.8 4.2 0.3 0.3
26-34 2.5 3.2 8.9 10.7 4.5 6.3 3.2 3.3 0.2 0.3
35-49 1.7 1.6 6.3 6.5 2.2 1.8 2.0 1.8 0.1 0.1
50 or Older 0.4 0.2 * 1.2 1.5 1.2 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.0
GENDER                    
Male 2.5 2.3 11.6 10.7 4.5 4.2 2.5 2.0 0.2 0.2
Female 1.2 1.5 7.2a 9.4 3.4 4.3 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.9 1.9 9.4 10.0 3.8 4.2 1.9 1.6 0.2 0.1
White 1.8 1.9 8.8 9.7 3.5 3.9 1.7 1.5 0.1 0.1
Black or African American 2.9 2.6 14.7 13.0 6.6 6.2 3.4 2.4 0.5 0.3
Other or Two or More Races 1.1 1.1 8.9 6.7 3.6 5.0 1.5 1.1 0.2 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 1.6 1.7 11.9 11.5 5.7 4.4 1.8 2.7 0.1 0.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School 3.0 2.5 17.1 15.3 8.1 5.5 2.9 2.0 0.2 0.2
High School Graduate 2.0 2.3 10.4 11.7 3.7a 5.1 2.4 2.1 0.2 0.2
Some College 2.1 2.1 8.4 8.1 4.0 4.6 2.4 2.2 0.2 0.1
College Graduate 0.8 0.9 2.4a 5.6 2.3 2.2 1.0 0.9 0.0 0.0
90413
Table 7.42A – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,897 8,286 3,168 3,248 3,383 3,435 1,346 1,603
AGE                
18-25 2,373 2,377 1,011 1,089 1,072 1,021 290 267
26-34 1,637 1,918 623 805 725 773 289 340
35-49 2,562 2,507 1,145 1,053 947 987 470 467
50 or Older 1,324 1,484 389 301 639 654 296 529
GENDER                
Male 5,365 5,362 2,152 2,031 2,241 2,236 972 1,095
Female 2,532 2,924 1,016 1,217 1,142 1,199 374 508
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,920 7,008 2,794 2,799 2,945 2,907 1,181 1,302
White 5,566 5,515 2,413 2,415 2,344 2,362 810 738
Black or African American 962 1,120 278 291 424 424 260 406
Other or Two or More Races 392 372 103 93 177 121 112 158
Hispanic or Latino 977 1,279 374 449 438 529 165a 301
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,397 1,398 783 569 458 597 155 232
High School Graduate 2,643 2,816 893 1,083 1,244 1,107 506 626
Some College 2,319 2,413 948 925 1,005 1,099 366 389
College Graduate 1,538 1,659 543 671 676 632 319 357
90413
Table 7.42B – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.5 3.7 8.1 8.2 4.7 4.7 1.6 1.9
AGE                
18-25 7.3 7.2 14.1 14.9 8.6 8.2 3.5 3.2
26-34 4.6 5.4 8.4a 11.2 6.2 6.4 2.3 2.7
35-49 4.0 3.9 7.8 7.1 4.0 4.3 2.3 2.3
50 or Older 1.5 1.6 3.9 2.9 2.6 2.6 0.7 1.3
GENDER                
Male 5.0 4.9 9.0 8.3 5.6 5.6 2.9 3.1
Female 2.2 2.5 6.7 8.0 3.6 3.6 0.8 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.6 3.6 8.1 7.9 4.6 4.5 1.6 1.8
White 3.6 3.6 8.0 8.0 4.3 4.2 1.4 1.3
Black or African American 3.8 4.3 9.3 9.0 6.0 6.5 2.5 3.7
Other or Two or More Races 2.9 2.6 7.6 5.3 6.3 4.6 1.9 2.7
Hispanic or Latino 3.3 4.2 8.5 10.0 5.6 6.6 1.6 2.6
EDUCATION                
< High School 3.8 4.0 13.7 9.9 4.7a 6.9 1.3 2.0
High School Graduate 3.9 4.0 8.2 9.9 5.6 4.8 2.0 2.4
Some College 4.0 4.2 8.5 8.4 5.0 5.5 1.7 1.8
College Graduate 2.5 2.7 4.8 5.6 3.3 3.0 1.3 1.4
90413
Table 7.43A – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 7,051 7,402 2,782 2,797 2,984 3,042 988 995 297 568
21 to 25 1,528 1,494 625 639 673 628 197 190 33 36
26 or Older 5,523 5,909 2,157 2,159 2,311 2,414 791 805 265 531
26 to 49 4,199 4,424 1,768 1,857 1,672 1,760 500 577 259 230
26 to 34 1,637 1,918 623 805 725 773 209 265 79 75
35 to 49 2,562 2,507 1,145 1,053 947 987 290 312 180 155
50 or Older 1,324 1,484 389 301 639 654 291 227 5b 302
90413
Table 7.43B – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 3.4 3.5 7.7 7.6 4.5 4.5 2.0 2.1 0.9 1.7
21 to 25 7.8 7.6 14.6 14.8 9.6 8.8 4.7 4.4 1.7 1.8
26 or Older 2.9 3.1 6.8 6.7 3.9 4.0 1.8 1.9 0.9 1.7
26 to 49 4.2 4.4 8.0 8.4 4.7 5.0 2.5 3.0 2.1 1.7
26 to 34 4.6 5.4 8.4a 11.2 6.2 6.4 2.8 3.6 1.6 1.4
35 to 49 4.0 3.9 7.8 7.1 4.0 4.3 2.3 2.6 2.4 1.9
50 or Older 1.5 1.6 3.9 2.9 2.6 2.6 1.2 1.0 0.0b 1.6
90327
Table 7.44A – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 25,085 25,768 3,147 3,238 8,985 9,087 12,953 13,443
Bought It 10,229a 11,174 997 1,014 3,529a 3,854 5,703 6,306
Traded for It 397 323 45 39 122 82 230 202
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 13,744 13,511 1,938 2,002 5,143 4,921 6,663 6,588
Grew It Yourself 186 222 20 22 52 71 114 130
Method Unspecified 529 538 148 160 139 160 242 218
90327
Table 7.44B – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bought It 40.8a 43.4 31.7 31.3 39.3a 42.4 44.0 46.9
Traded for It 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.8 1.5
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 54.8 52.4 61.6 61.8 57.2a 54.1 51.4 49.0
Grew It Yourself 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0
Method Unspecified 2.1 2.1 4.7 4.9 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.6
90327
Table 7.45A – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
10,229a 11,174 997 1,014 3,529a 3,854 5,703 6,306
SOURCE                
Friend 7,615a 8,461 773 779 2,633a 2,930 4,209 4,752
Relative or Family Member 564 535 34 25 154 109 376 401
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 1,640 1,796 151 178 611 679 877 938
Source Unspecified 410 382 38 32 131 136 241 214
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 617 704 32 43 207 239 378 421
Outside in Public Area2 2,122 2,406 338 366 783a 916 1,001 1,124
Inside School Building 110 120 73 63 22a 47 15 11
Outside on School Property 117 98 44 46 48 47 25 5
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 5,845a 6,537 385 381 2,001 2,201 3,459 3,954
Some Other Place3 125 184 13 8 45 25 67 150
Location Unspecified4 1,294 1,126 112 107 423 378 759 640
90327
Table 7.45B – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
SOURCE                
Friend 74.4 75.7 77.6 76.8 74.6 76.0 73.8 75.4
Relative or Family Member 5.5 4.8 3.4 2.5 4.4a 2.8 6.6 6.4
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 16.0 16.1 15.2 17.6 17.3 17.6 15.4 14.9
Source Unspecified 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.1 3.7 3.5 4.2 3.4
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 6.0 6.3 3.2 4.3 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.7
Outside in Public Area2 20.7 21.5 33.9 36.1 22.2 23.8 17.5 17.8
Inside School Building 1.1 1.1 7.4 6.2 0.6 1.2 0.3 0.2
Outside on School Property 1.1 0.9 4.4 4.5 1.4 1.2 0.4 0.1
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 57.1 58.5 38.6 37.6 56.7 57.1 60.7 62.7
Some Other Place3 1.2 1.6 1.3 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.2 2.4
Location Unspecified4 12.6a 10.1 11.2 10.5 12.0 9.8 13.3 10.2
90327
Table 7.46A – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Free Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 Respondents with unknown location data were excluded.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA1
10,262 10,002 1,349 1,436 3,619 3,474 5,294 5,092
SOURCE                
Friend 8,427 8,066 1,118 1,170 3,153 2,986 4,156 3,909
Relative or Family Member 1,002 1,252 125 134 231 277 646 840
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 682 502 68 76 191 167 423 259
Source Unspecified 150 182 38 55 43 44 69 83
LOCATION2                
Inside Public Building3 422a 255 30 18 123 102 269a 134
Outside in Public Area4 1,298 1,380 298a 382 491 459 509 539
Inside School Building 49 55 23 34 26 21 * *
Outside on School Property 101 131 47 58 46 37 8 36
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 7,139 7,113 769 753 2,644 2,553 3,726 3,807
Some Other Place5 212 173 16 23 37 48 158 103
Location Unspecified6 1,029 859 157 155 251 251 621 453
90327
Table 7.46B – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Free Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 Respondents with unknown location data were excluded.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA1
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
SOURCE                
Friend 82.1 80.6 82.9 81.5 87.1 86.0 78.5 76.8
Relative or Family Member 9.8a 12.5 9.2 9.3 6.4 8.0 12.2 16.5
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 6.7 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.3 4.8 8.0 5.1
Source Unspecified 1.5 1.8 2.8 3.9 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.6
LOCATION2                
Inside Public Building3 4.1a 2.6 2.2 1.3 3.4 2.9 5.1a 2.7
Outside in Public Area4 12.7 13.8 22.2a 26.8 13.6 13.2 9.6 10.6
Inside School Building 0.5 0.6 1.7 2.4 0.7 0.6 * *
Outside on School Property 1.0 1.3 3.5 4.1 1.3 1.1 0.1 0.7
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 69.6 71.4 57.4 52.9 73.1 73.6 70.4 75.1
Some Other Place5 2.1 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.0 1.4 3.0 2.0
Location Unspecified6 10.0 8.6 11.7 10.9 6.9 7.2 11.7 8.9
90413
Table 7.47A – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2,138 1,997 287 255 514 515 1,337 1,228
From More Than One Doctor 241 263 34 35 54 49 153 178
Wrote Fake Prescription 18 26 2 2 7 6 9 17
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
40 58 8 10 9b 26 23 21
From Friend or Relative for Free 6,449 6,211 661a 610 2,112 2,050 3,677 3,550
Bought from Friend or Relative 1,047 988 124 124 475 469 448 396
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
613 603 150 168 215 189 249 245
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
460 481 66 63 213 235 181 183
Bought on the Internet 31 43 2 3 7 7 22 33
Some Other Way 463 447 105b 78 135 128 222 242
90413
Table 7.47B – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 18.6 18.0 19.9 18.9 13.7 14.0 21.1 20.1
From More Than One Doctor 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.6 1.5 1.3 2.4 2.9
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2b 0.7 0.4 0.3
From Friend or Relative for Free 56.1 55.9 46.0 45.3 56.4 55.8 58.2 58.3
Bought from Friend or Relative 9.1 8.9 8.6 9.2 12.7 12.8 7.1 6.5
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
5.3 5.4 10.4a 12.5 5.7 5.2 3.9 4.0
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
4.0 4.3 4.6 4.6 5.7 6.4 2.9 3.0
Bought on the Internet 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
Some Other Way 4.0 4.0 7.3b 5.8 3.6 3.5 3.5 4.0
90413
Table 7.48A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 4,675 4,489 329 310 1,408 1,339 2,938 2,841
From More Than One Doctor 178 188 26 27 55 58 97 102
Wrote Fake Prescription 8 3 0 0 5 3 3 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
34 31 7 5 5 8 22 18
From Friend or Relative for Free 401a 343 70 66 157 148 175 129
Bought from Friend or Relative 244 220 35 31 128 119 81 70
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
67 76 37 33 23 23 8 19
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
99 89 22 20 45 47 32 23
Bought on the Internet 2 7 0 0 2 2 * 5
Some Other Way 72 52 27a 18 22 23 23 10
90413
Table 7.48B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 80.9 81.7 59.6 60.7 76.2 75.6 86.9 88.3
From More Than One Doctor 3.1 3.4 4.6 5.3 3.0 3.3 2.9 3.2
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.6 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.6
From Friend or Relative for Free 6.9 6.2 12.7 12.9 8.5 8.3 5.2 4.0
Bought from Friend or Relative 4.2 4.0 6.3 6.0 6.9 6.7 2.4 2.2
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.2 1.4 6.6 6.5 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.6
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.7 1.6 4.0 3.9 2.4 2.6 0.9 0.7
Bought on the Internet 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1
Some Other Way 1.2 0.9 4.8 3.6 1.2 1.3 0.7 0.3
90413
Table 7.49A – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1,245 1,227 138 129 285 277 821 821
From More Than One Doctor 244 273 22 21 65 65 156 186
Wrote Fake Prescription 29 20 3 3 9 9 17 9
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
49 50 8 12 14 18 28 20
From Friend or Relative for Free 2,714 2,626 283a 247 895 858 1,536 1,521
Bought from Friend or Relative 1,013 1,008 116 101 475 437 422 470
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
485 510 97 106 185 172 203 232
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
507 536 65 65 236 245 205 226
Bought on the Internet 39 44 4 3 11 14 24 27
Some Other Way 285a 225 69b 48 80 72 137 105
90413
Table 7.49B – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 26.2 27.4 24.9 25.5 19.5 20.0 30.0 31.7
From More Than One Doctor 5.1 6.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.7 5.7 7.2
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.3
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
1.0 1.1 1.5 2.4 0.9 1.3 1.0 0.8
From Friend or Relative for Free 57.0 58.6 51.0 48.6 61.2 61.9 56.1 58.7
Bought from Friend or Relative 21.3 22.5 20.8 19.9 32.5 31.6 15.4 18.2
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
10.2 11.4 17.4a 20.9 12.7 12.4 7.4 9.0
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
10.7 12.0 11.7 12.8 16.2 17.7 7.5 8.7
Bought on the Internet 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0
Some Other Way 6.2 5.1 13.0a 9.9 5.6 5.3 5.1 4.1
90413
Table 7.50A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1,930 1,832 137 127 601 563 1,192 1,142
From More Than One Doctor 233 238 27 29 79 81 127 128
Wrote Fake Prescription 40 24 3 3 7a 11 30 10
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
57 52 6 9 12 16 40 28
From Friend or Relative for Free 397 370 55 53 153 141 189 176
Bought from Friend or Relative 310 322 40 34 145 144 126 144
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
99 97 39 29 40 33 20 35
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
164 176 26 29 90 90 48 58
Bought on the Internet 25 28 1 3 14 15 10 10
Some Other Way 61 68 18 14 25 18 18 36
90413
Table 7.50B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 78.1 77.3 56.8 60.6 74.6 73.4 83.7 81.8
From More Than One Doctor 9.5 10.2 11.4 14.0 9.8 10.7 9.0 9.4
Wrote Fake Prescription 1.6 1.0 1.1 1.6 0.8a 1.4 2.2 0.8
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
2.3 2.2 2.4 4.1 1.5 2.1 2.8 2.0
From Friend or Relative for Free 16.2 15.8 23.2 25.6 19.2 18.6 13.4 12.8
Bought from Friend or Relative 12.7 13.8 16.8 16.4 18.0 18.9 8.9 10.5
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
4.1 4.2 16.4 13.9 5.0 4.4 1.4 2.6
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
6.7 7.5 10.8 13.9 11.3 11.8 3.4 4.2
Bought on the Internet 1.0 1.2 0.5 1.4 1.7 2.0 0.7 0.7
Some Other Way 2.6 3.0 8.2 7.1 3.2 2.5 1.3 2.7
90413
Table 7.51A – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 483 433 28 25 112 92 343 316
From More Than One Doctor 45 50 4 4 12 17 29 29
Wrote Fake Prescription 15 6 3 4 3 3 9 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
19 13 2 3 8 10 9 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2,925 2,879 170 181 861 861 1,893 1,837
Bought from Friend or Relative 548a 626 70 73 298 309 180a 244
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
240 274 38 43 84 87 118 143
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
307 273 46 43 159 154 102 76
Bought on the Internet 34 91 2 3 8 4 24 84
Some Other Way 158 160 21 18 50 56 87 86
90413
Table 7.51B – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 10.1 9.0 7.2 6.3 7.0 5.8 12.3 11.2
From More Than One Doctor 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.7 1.1 1.0 1.0
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.3 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 61.3 59.9 44.3 45.7 54.0 54.1 67.8 65.2
Bought from Friend or Relative 11.5a 13.0 18.1 18.5 18.7 19.4 6.4a 8.7
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
5.0 5.7 10.0 10.9 5.2 5.5 4.2 5.1
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
6.4 5.7 12.0 10.7 10.0 9.7 3.6 2.7
Bought on the Internet 0.7 1.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.9 3.0
Some Other Way 3.3 3.3 5.4 4.5 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.0
90413
Table 7.52A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2,044 1,939 60 62 490 491 1,495 1,385
From More Than One Doctor 63 93 5 9 28 23 30 61
Wrote Fake Prescription 1 1 * 1 1 1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
10 9 * 0 3 6 7 3
From Friend or Relative for Free 234 257 31 28 107 111 95 119
Bought from Friend or Relative 147 145 16 18 69 81 63 46
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
28 33 9a 17 12 9 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
70a 54 11 7 25 20 34 26
Bought on the Internet 13 5 0 0 5 4 7 0
Some Other Way 30 38 3 4 12 12 15 21
90413
Table 7.52B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 77.5 75.3 44.3 42.1 65.1 64.7 85.3 83.0
From More Than One Doctor 2.4 3.6 3.5 6.1 3.8 3.0 1.7a 3.7
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.0 0.1 * 0.3 0.1 0.1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.4 * 0.3 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.2
From Friend or Relative for Free 8.9 10.0 23.2 18.7 14.3 14.6 5.4 7.1
Bought from Friend or Relative 5.6 5.6 11.5 12.4 9.1 10.7 3.6 2.8
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.1 1.3 7.0a 11.8 1.6 1.2 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
2.7 2.1 8.3a 5.0 3.3 2.7 1.9 1.6
Bought on the Internet 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.0
Some Other Way 1.1 1.5 2.0 3.0 1.6 1.6 0.9 1.3
90413
Table 7.53A – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 225 217 12 12 58 44 156 161
From More Than One Doctor 25 34 * * 7 8 17 25
Wrote Fake Prescription 14 3 2 * 3 2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
13 7 0 * 4 6 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 955 1,014 52 63 288 279 615 671
Bought from Friend or Relative 254 282 26 22 144 136 84a 124
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
118 125 14 16 49 45 55 64
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
180 183 19 18 79 76 82 89
Bought on the Internet 26 46 1 3 6 3 18 *
Some Other Way 68 55 6 6 19 16 43 33
90413
Table 7.53B – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 13.8 13.0 10.8 9.1 10.4 8.5 16.1 15.9
From More Than One Doctor 1.5 2.0 * * 1.3 1.5 1.8 2.5
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.9 0.2 1.8 * 0.5 0.4 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.8 0.4 0.1 * 0.8 1.1 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 58.5 60.9 47.4 49.5 51.9 53.7 63.5 66.0
Bought from Friend or Relative 15.5 17.0 23.4 17.5 26.0 26.1 8.7 12.3
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
7.2 7.5 12.4 12.6 8.7 8.6 5.7 6.3
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
11.0 11.0 17.6 14.1 14.3 14.6 8.4 8.8
Bought on the Internet 1.6 2.8 1.1 2.1 1.1 0.7 1.9 *
Some Other Way 4.2 3.3 5.5 4.8 3.5 3.1 4.5 3.3
90413
Table 7.54A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 648 708 * * 176 164 453 518
From More Than One Doctor 56 85 * * 15 21 * 62
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
3 2 * * 3 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 106 120 * * 56 63 39 45
Bought from Friend or Relative 69 72 * * 32 37 31 24
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
18 20 * * 7 6 5 8
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
44 47 * * 19 16 19 27
Bought on the Internet 10 1 * * 3 1 * 0
Some Other Way 6 23 * * 2 6 3 16
90413
Table 7.54B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 75.2 75.2 * * 69.0 63.4 80.4 82.4
From More Than One Doctor 6.5 9.0 * * 6.0 8.1 * 9.9
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0.0 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.2 * * 1.3 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 12.4 12.8 * * 22.1 24.3 6.8 7.2
Bought from Friend or Relative 8.0 7.7 * * 12.6 14.4 5.5 3.8
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
2.1 2.1 * * 2.7 2.1 0.9 1.2
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
5.1 5.0 * * 7.4 6.3 3.3 4.3
Bought on the Internet 1.2 0.1 * * 1.2 0.5 * 0.0
Some Other Way 0.8 2.4 * * 0.9 2.3 0.5 2.6
90413
Table 7.55A – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 203 187 40a 25 61 53 102 109
From More Than One Doctor 17 18 4 4 6 10 7 *
Wrote Fake Prescription 11 6 2 3 2 3 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
20 19 6 4 8 10 5 5
From Friend or Relative for Free 1,161a 1,018 142 126 477a 423 542 468
Bought from Friend or Relative 290a 346 44 40 188 202 58b 103
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
128 108 35 30 44 34 49 44
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
125 141 25 24 57 69 43 48
Bought on the Internet 85 58 3 1 12 14 70a 44
Some Other Way 85 50 18 14 18 18 49 18
90413
Table 7.55B – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 9.6 9.6 12.6 9.3 7.0 6.3 10.9 12.9
From More Than One Doctor 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.5 0.7 1.1 0.7 *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.5 0.3 0.7 1.1 0.2 0.3 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.9 1.0 2.0 1.3 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.6
From Friend or Relative for Free 54.6 52.1 44.4 46.7 54.6a 50.6 58.1 55.4
Bought from Friend or Relative 13.6b 17.7 13.7 14.7 21.6 24.2 6.2b 12.2
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
6.0 5.5 10.9 11.1 5.0 4.1 5.3 5.2
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
5.9 7.2 7.9 9.0 6.6 8.3 4.6 5.7
Bought on the Internet 4.0 3.0 0.9 0.3 1.4 1.7 7.5 5.2
Some Other Way 4.0 2.6 5.8 5.0 2.1 2.2 5.2 2.1
90413
Table 7.56A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 722 667 72 66 336 296 * *
From More Than One Doctor 29 28 11 8 14 11 4 8
Wrote Fake Prescription 0 0 0 0 * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
2 2 * 1 1 1 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 125 105 16 12 50 46 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 104 59 8 13 27 27 * 19
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
8 9 5 6 3 3 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
12 9 5 5 6 4 1 *
Bought on the Internet 14a 6 1 * 6 3 7 *
Some Other Way 6 8 1 1 0 2 5 5
90413
Table 7.56B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 70.6 74.7 59.2 59.5 75.9 75.4 * *
From More Than One Doctor 2.8 3.1 8.9 7.4 3.1 2.9 0.9 2.1
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.2 0.2 * 0.7 0.2 0.2 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 12.2 11.8 13.5 10.7 11.3 11.8 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 10.2 6.6 6.6a 11.5 6.1 6.8 * 5.0
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.8 1.0 4.4 5.3 0.7 0.7 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.2 1.0 4.2 4.3 1.4 1.1 0.3 *
Bought on the Internet 1.4 0.7 1.0 * 1.3 0.7 1.5 *
Some Other Way 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.5 1.0 1.4
90413
Table 7.57A – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 107 89 23 14 31 27 * *
From More Than One Doctor 18 21 5 4 10 13 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 3 5 1 3 * 2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
12 12 3 2 3 5 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 359 343 42 35 154 128 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 130a 166 13 19 86 83 31a 64
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
73 53 11 14 27 19 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
55 72 9 10 35 41 * 21
Bought on the Internet 46 34 * * 10 9 * *
Some Other Way 36 15 6 7 6 6 * *
90413
Table 7.57B – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 15.2 13.4 22.9 16.9 11.5 10.4 * *
From More Than One Doctor 2.6 3.2 4.8 4.3 3.8 4.9 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.4 0.8 1.3 3.4 * 0.9 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
1.6 1.8 2.9 1.8 1.2 2.0 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 50.7 51.4 41.7 41.2 56.5a 48.9 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 18.3b 24.9 13.5b 22.2 31.4 31.8 9.1b 20.1
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
10.3 8.0 10.7 16.0 10.0 7.2 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
7.7 10.7 9.4 11.9 13.0 15.7 * 6.4
Bought on the Internet 6.6 5.1 * * 3.6 3.5 * *
Some Other Way 5.1 2.3 5.7 8.2 2.2 2.2 * *
90413
Table 7.58A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * 111 91 * *
From More Than One Doctor 10 11 * * 4 5 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 3 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
1 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * 32 23 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * 18a 9 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
6 9 * * 5 4 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
25 20 * * 12a 5 * *
Bought on the Internet 9 7 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 6 9 * * 0 * * *
90413
Table 7.58B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * 76.1 74.7 * *
From More Than One Doctor 3.1 3.5 * * 3.0 4.0 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.8 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.3 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * 21.6 18.5 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * 12.1 7.1 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.9 2.9 * * 3.6 3.0 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
7.6 6.2 * * 8.1a 4.0 * *
Bought on the Internet 2.7 2.3 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 1.8 2.8 * * 0.3 * * *
90413
Table 7.59A – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Methamphetamine
Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 716b 419 67b 46 223b 158 425b 214
Bought from Friend or Relative 361 294 24a 15 97b 68 240 211
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
27 19 7 6 9 7 11 6
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
296a 212 21a 9 84b 57 191 146
Bought on the Internet 13 6 * * 1 0 * *
Some Other Way 26 27 3 2 13 12 * 14
90413
Table 7.59B – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Methamphetamine
Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007-2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 49.7a 42.8 54.1 55.6 52.4 52.4 47.9b 36.2
Bought from Friend or Relative 25.1a 30.1 19.3 17.6 22.7 22.5 27.0a 35.7
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.9 1.9 5.9 6.7 2.1 2.4 1.2 1.0
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
20.5 21.7 16.6 10.8 19.6 18.8 21.5 24.7
Bought on the Internet 0.9 0.7 * * 0.1 0.1 * *
Some Other Way 1.8 2.8 2.5 1.8 3.0 3.9 * 2.4

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