Go to the Table of Contents
90403
Table 7.1C – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 275 262 50 53 105 101 243 234
12-49 216 219 35 37 71 73 196 197
50-99 141 127 26 28 46 50 130 113
100-299 204 218 35 34 81 79 181 203
300 or More 171 187 22 22 67 67 150 170
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 192 193 34 33 65 61 174 181
3-5 134 129 25 26 45 50 123 116
6-19 150 187 28 25 63 57 127 173
20 or More 205 219 27 27 79 80 185 200
90403
Table 7.1D – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.87 0.81 1.18 1.22 0.86 0.81 1.51 1.41
12-49 0.74 0.74 0.95 0.99 0.66 0.64 1.31 1.31
50-99 0.52 0.46 0.78 0.82 0.48 0.50 0.95 0.80
100-299 0.70 0.72 0.97 0.97 0.70 0.73 1.23 1.29
300 or More 0.62 0.64 0.68 0.64 0.66 0.68 1.07 1.13
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 1.08 1.06 1.53 1.57 0.98 0.94 1.93 1.87
3-5 0.84 0.78 1.36 1.37 0.76 0.82 1.55 1.32
6-19 0.94 1.04 1.49 1.38 0.95 0.87 1.59 1.84
20 or More 1.09 1.16 1.40 1.39 1.13 1.12 1.98 1.98
90403
Table 7.1P – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.3647   0.8724   0.2397   0.5874  
12-49 0.4956   0.6039   0.6815   0.6103  
50-99 0.1147   0.6470   0.4895   0.0595  
100-299 0.5037   0.9369   0.2239   0.2209  
300 or More 0.3542   0.8560   0.0608   0.8079  
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.7577   0.9069   0.0494   0.7263  
3-5 0.3515   0.9363   0.1151   0.1094  
6-19 0.4336   0.7933   0.5551   0.2599  
20 or More 0.7839   0.9579   0.2877   0.8807  
90403
Table 7.2C – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 155 135 21 19 67 55 135 125
12-49 132 106 13 9 36 32 126 99
50-99 69 68 7 9 24 22 65 64
100-299 86 78 6 7 20 19 84 76
300 or More 39 26 4 2 7 5 38 25
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 93 99 * * 29 27 87 95
3-5 68 50 * * 17 16 65 47
6-19 71 53 * * 17 16 69 51
20 or More 41 37 * * 7 7 40 36
90403
Table 7.2D – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2.02 1.87 3.32 3.81 1.83 1.92 3.21 2.90
12-49 1.86 1.69 2.78 2.89 1.54 1.52 3.08 2.69
50-99 1.16 1.21 1.68 2.77 1.08 1.10 1.91 1.95
100-299 1.39 1.39 1.66 2.24 0.93 0.99 2.34 2.26
300 or More 0.66 0.48 0.98 0.80 0.34 0.28 1.12 0.79
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 3.22 3.43 * * 3.21 3.38 4.53 4.94
3-5 2.88 2.47 * * 2.62 2.82 4.11 3.51
6-19 2.85 2.60 * * 2.73 2.79 4.10 3.72
20 or More 1.84 1.92 * * 1.22 1.42 2.67 2.75
90403
Table 7.2P – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.7338   0.7378   0.8602   0.5159  
12-49 0.6161   0.0927   0.9037   0.6653  
50-99 0.3187   0.0666   0.9490   0.4603  
100-299 0.9067   0.3409   0.7663   0.6844  
300 or More 0.1708   0.8213   0.4919   0.1946  
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.1882   *   0.9388   0.1800  
3-5 0.2971   *   0.4206   0.4112  
6-19 0.4277   *   0.5463   0.3587  
20 or More 0.8092   *   0.5436   0.9384  
90403
Table 7.3C – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 117 107 30 31 71 64 87 81
12-49 54 55 14 16 31 31 41 42
50-99 36 26 6 11 16 16 31 17
100-299 21 25 7 6 15 15 13 20
300 or More 9 7 1 2 7 1 6 *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 68 61 14 16 31 36 * *
3-5 27 22 7 9 14 14 * *
6-19 15 21 7 9 7 12 * *
20 or More 8 6 3 2 5 1 * *
90403
Table 7.3D – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 1.53 1.50 2.24 2.51 1.68 1.50 4.06 4.81
12-49 1.27 1.32 2.03 2.18 1.36 1.26 3.43 4.26
50-99 0.91 0.68 0.95 1.57 0.77 0.72 2.65 1.93
100-299 0.56 0.67 1.04 0.81 0.72 0.68 1.17 2.18
300 or More 0.25 0.19 0.16 0.31 0.35 0.07 0.54 *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 3.04 2.65 4.67 3.79 3.12 3.02 * *
3-5 2.60 2.03 3.74 3.54 2.69 2.41 * *
6-19 1.51 1.91 3.48 3.23 1.50 2.06 * *
20 or More 0.82 0.58 1.42 1.02 1.11 0.20 * *
90403
Table 7.3P – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.5761   0.2461   0.6092   0.9633  
12-49 0.3437   0.9076   0.3397   0.6578  
50-99 0.6400   0.0116   0.5034   0.0552  
100-299 0.7343   0.2453   0.5327   0.1639  
300 or More 0.2640   0.2561   0.0486   *  
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.8727   0.7324   0.6772   *  
3-5 0.5065   0.3464   0.4890   *  
6-19 0.2144   0.7856   0.2813   *  
20 or More 0.1478   0.3829   0.0710   *  
90403
Table 7.4C – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 74 100 34 32 31 31 * *
12-49 45 49 21 23 16 14 * *
50-99 49 18 15 15 11 9 * *
100-299 17 24 13 14 6 8 * *
300 or More 26 5 4 4 * * * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 51 58 19 19 * * * *
3-5 31 19 12 10 * * * *
6-19 16 * 8 10 * * * *
20 or More 7 * 6 5 * * * *
90403
Table 7.4D – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2.51 2.44 2.11 2.13 3.25 3.00 * *
12-49 1.92 2.14 1.83 1.97 2.82 2.52 * *
50-99 2.16 0.90 1.37 1.43 1.99 1.61 * *
100-299 0.79 1.19 1.25 1.40 1.14 1.46 * *
300 or More 1.22 0.25 0.38 0.42 * * * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 4.39 5.33 3.76 4.50 * * * *
3-5 4.46 3.02 3.28 3.27 * * * *
6-19 2.20 * 2.56 3.52 * * * *
20 or More 1.24 * 1.98 1.98 * * * *
90403
Table 7.4P – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.5386   0.5821   0.5028   *  
12-49 0.4638   0.5487   0.7940   *  
50-99 0.0945   0.9552   0.4254   *  
100-299 0.4730   0.9737   0.6206   *  
300 or More 0.2923   0.9757   *   *  
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.9387   0.5428   *   *  
3-5 0.2641   0.3426   *   *  
6-19 *   0.3124   *   *  
20 or More *   0.2286   *   *  
90403
Table 7.5C – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 237 229 33 32 63 70 224 214
3-5 237 208 28 27 59 59 225 199
6-19 281 282 28 29 73 75 270 271
20-29 243 277 24 25 67 64 233 266
30 725 724 34 29 134 128 694 700
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1                
Fewer Than 6 247 293 21 19 60 59 236 283
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 373 376 24 17 79 76 365 364
16-25 (1 Pack) 416 422 14 10 65 59 406 414
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 283 277 7 6 27 27 282 274
Not Reported 33 28 * 1 4 2 32 28
90403
Table 7.5D – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.38 0.37 1.10 1.25 0.49 0.52 0.47 0.45
3-5 0.37 0.34 1.01 1.07 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.42
6-19 0.44 0.45 1.02 1.15 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.57
20-29 0.38 0.43 0.89 1.00 0.50 0.49 0.48 0.54
30 0.65 0.70 1.16 1.12 0.75 0.80 0.83 0.86
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1                
Fewer Than 6 0.60 0.71 2.73 2.83 0.87 0.90 0.71 0.83
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 0.82 0.84 2.80 2.68 0.98 0.93 0.98 0.98
16-25 (1 Pack) 0.85 0.91 1.95 1.89 0.88 0.86 1.03 1.07
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 0.70 0.68 1.08 1.18 0.44 0.45 0.84 0.81
Not Reported 0.09 0.08 * 0.17 0.07 0.03 0.11 0.09
90403
Table 7.5P – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.7555   0.3079   0.0589   0.8325  
3-5 0.0981   0.9380   0.5246   0.1339  
6-19 0.2830   0.4835   0.1171   0.5027  
20-29 0.4990   0.4073   0.1290   0.7105  
30 0.6811   0.0139   0.2859   0.4937  
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1                
Fewer Than 6 0.2504   0.3010   0.6823   0.1671  
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 0.5231   0.3546   0.2389   0.5742  
16-25 (1 Pack) 0.6418   0.8255   0.1282   0.7183  
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 0.2296   0.6712   0.1506   0.1476  
Not Reported 0.7774   *   0.2567   0.8970  
90403
Table 7.6C – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 710 736 93 93 134 133 683 709
12-49 785 791 66 63 154 160 750 759
50-99 590 599 46 40 128 127 571 575
100-299 880 884 45 38 202 192 844 855
300 or More 423 457 11 10 45 43 420 457
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 745 750 67 61 130 133 719 715
3-5 700 705 47 46 136 145 683 681
6-19 744 767 43 34 184 179 710 733
20 or More 589 627 14 12 75 76 584 626
90403
Table 7.6D – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.37 0.38 0.76 0.80 0.44 0.43 0.46 0.46
12-49 0.37 0.39 0.67 0.68 0.47 0.44 0.46 0.48
50-99 0.31 0.31 0.53 0.49 0.40 0.40 0.38 0.38
100-299 0.42 0.41 0.52 0.47 0.52 0.50 0.52 0.51
300 or More 0.25 0.26 0.14 0.13 0.17 0.17 0.31 0.32
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.47 0.47 1.15 1.15 0.51 0.54 0.57 0.56
3-5 0.44 0.43 0.98 1.05 0.50 0.52 0.54 0.52
6-19 0.46 0.48 0.93 0.84 0.56 0.58 0.56 0.57
20 or More 0.41 0.42 0.35 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.50 0.51
90403
Table 7.6P – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Frequency of Use Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 0.5756   0.0073   0.5916   0.5834  
12-49 0.6409   0.9174   0.0381   0.3821  
50-99 0.0988   0.0614   0.4048   0.0874  
100-299 0.4848   0.0805   0.0177   0.2518  
300 or More 0.4533   0.1566   0.6280   0.4983  
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 0.5283   0.4815   0.4259   0.5659  
3-5 0.0108   0.1263   0.8266   0.0063  
6-19 0.3189   0.0355   0.3356   0.1941  
20 or More 0.3569   0.1296   0.9365   0.4024  
90409
Table 7.7C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 336 327 295 283
Marijuana and Hashish 283 305 222 238
Cocaine 135 102 55 69
Crack 77 50 22 24
Heroin 36 37 * 14
Hallucinogens 65 60 36 33
LSD 32 16 7 9
PCP 12 7 * *
Ecstasy 47 48 29 16
Inhalants 36 49 56 53
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 173 157 189 153
Pain Relievers 152 130 155 141
OxyContin® 50 56 19 13
Tranquilizers 87 97 90 64
Stimulants3 84 57 41 43
Methamphetamine3 77 34 19 33
Sedatives 30 23 61 28
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 224 189 212 172
90409
Table 7.7D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.52 0.51 0.15 0.15
Marijuana and Hashish 0.45 0.48 0.12 0.12
Cocaine 0.22 0.17 0.03 0.04
Crack 0.13 0.08 0.01 0.01
Heroin 0.06 0.06 * 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.11 0.10 0.02 0.02
LSD 0.05 0.03 0.00 0.00
PCP 0.02 0.01 * *
Ecstasy 0.08 0.08 0.02 0.01
Inhalants 0.06 0.08 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.28 0.26 0.10 0.08
Pain Relievers 0.24 0.21 0.08 0.07
OxyContin® 0.08 0.09 0.01 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.14 0.16 0.05 0.03
Stimulants3 0.14 0.09 0.02 0.02
Methamphetamine3 0.13 0.06 0.01 0.02
Sedatives 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.35 0.30 0.11 0.09
90409
Table 7.7P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.7375   0.9213  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2302   0.3982  
Cocaine 0.0596   0.2763  
Crack 0.0042   0.7881  
Heroin 0.3640   *  
Hallucinogens 0.4903   0.9227  
LSD 0.9188   0.2388  
PCP 0.2127   *  
Ecstasy 0.2908   0.5668  
Inhalants 0.7666   0.9622  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1791   0.1077  
Pain Relievers 0.1021   0.5548  
OxyContin® 0.2884   0.5996  
Tranquilizers 0.2477   0.0957  
Stimulants3 0.0780   0.6178  
Methamphetamine3 0.0026   0.2989  
Sedatives 0.2870   0.2761  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.1235   0.2592  
90409
Table 7.8C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46 45 53 47
Marijuana and Hashish 43 43 37 37
Cocaine 10 11 8 6
Crack 4 3 3 *
Heroin 1 6 2 *
Hallucinogens 15 17 9 14
LSD 7 9 3 5
PCP 3 3 3 3
Ecstasy 9 13 6 7
Inhalants 12 12 22 21
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 25 22 31 27
Pain Relievers 22 19 28 23
OxyContin® 6 7 5 4
Tranquilizers 15 12 12 11
Stimulants3 11 8 8 11
Methamphetamine3 6 5 5 3
Sedatives 4 6 8 5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29 28 39 34
90409
Table 7.8D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1.39 1.40 0.22 0.19
Marijuana and Hashish 1.35 1.41 0.16 0.16
Cocaine 0.41 0.49 0.03 0.03
Crack 0.16 0.11 0.01 *
Heroin 0.04 0.28 0.01 *
Hallucinogens 0.60 0.71 0.04 0.06
LSD 0.30 0.38 0.01 0.02
PCP 0.13 0.11 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.36 0.54 0.03 0.03
Inhalants 0.49 0.52 0.10 0.09
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.96 0.89 0.13 0.12
Pain Relievers 0.85 0.80 0.12 0.10
OxyContin® 0.26 0.31 0.02 0.02
Tranquilizers 0.60 0.52 0.05 0.05
Stimulants3 0.44 0.37 0.04 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.24 0.24 0.02 0.01
Sedatives 0.18 0.28 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1.08 1.10 0.17 0.14
90409
Table 7.8P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.3908   0.6260  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.6459   0.3755  
Cocaine 0.6747   0.5961  
Crack 0.3033   *  
Heroin 0.0601   *  
Hallucinogens 0.0345   0.0343  
LSD 0.1612   0.1899  
PCP 0.6411   0.4739  
Ecstasy 0.0072   0.6301  
Inhalants 0.7405   0.4481  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.2143   0.2411  
Pain Relievers 0.2404   0.2207  
OxyContin® 0.4846   0.9182  
Tranquilizers 0.3428   0.7467  
Stimulants3 0.1070   0.3445  
Methamphetamine3 0.6402   0.2537  
Sedatives 0.2582   0.4693  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.8773   0.3416  
90409
Table 7.9C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 122 119 88 85
Marijuana and Hashish 113 111 78 76
Cocaine 36 36 14 14
Crack 11 9 1 6
Heroin 10 14 3 2
Hallucinogens 31 35 16 17
LSD 11 14 6 6
PCP 5 3 3 *
Ecstasy 22 28 8 12
Inhalants 15 15 11 10
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 62 62 40 39
Pain Relievers 55 54 34 34
OxyContin® 16 15 9 6
Tranquilizers 34 34 19 20
Stimulants3 27 24 14 16
Methamphetamine3 18 11 4 8
Sedatives 12 6 5 13
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 73 73 46 45
90409
Table 7.9D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.69 0.77 0.38 0.36
Marijuana and Hashish 0.68 0.74 0.34 0.33
Cocaine 0.29 0.30 0.07 0.07
Crack 0.09 0.08 0.01 0.03
Heroin 0.09 0.12 0.02 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.25 0.29 0.07 0.08
LSD 0.09 0.11 0.03 0.03
PCP 0.04 0.03 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.19 0.24 0.04 0.06
Inhalants 0.12 0.12 0.05 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.46 0.48 0.19 0.18
Pain Relievers 0.42 0.42 0.16 0.15
OxyContin® 0.14 0.12 0.04 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.28 0.28 0.09 0.09
Stimulants3 0.23 0.20 0.07 0.07
Methamphetamine3 0.15 0.10 0.02 0.04
Sedatives 0.10 0.05 0.02 0.06
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.52 0.54 0.21 0.21
90409
Table 7.9P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.3615   0.3055  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.8614   0.4627  
Cocaine 0.1310   0.6551  
Crack 0.3369   0.0883  
Heroin 0.1150   0.6999  
Hallucinogens 0.2046   0.4204  
LSD 0.1113   0.9426  
PCP 0.2109   *  
Ecstasy 0.1431   0.0745  
Inhalants 0.8665   0.1333  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.4567   0.3387  
Pain Relievers 0.6171   0.6782  
OxyContin® 0.5436   0.2447  
Tranquilizers 0.9720   0.9316  
Stimulants3 0.3782   0.1812  
Methamphetamine3 0.0151   0.2897  
Sedatives 0.0246   0.0936  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.2636   0.5180  
90409
Table 7.10C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 294 298 272 261
Marijuana and Hashish 243 278 202 216
Cocaine 129 92 52 68
Crack 76 49 21 23
Heroin 34 34 * 14
Hallucinogens 54 48 32 24
LSD 30 * * *
PCP 10 6 * *
Ecstasy 40 37 28 8
Inhalants 30 45 50 47
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 159 139 180 144
Pain Relievers 140 114 147 133
OxyContin® 47 55 16 10
Tranquilizers 79 87 87 60
Stimulants3 77 49 37 38
Methamphetamine3 74 31 18 32
Sedatives 28 21 61 24
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 210 166 201 163
90409
Table 7.10D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.60 0.61 0.18 0.18
Marijuana and Hashish 0.51 0.57 0.14 0.15
Cocaine 0.28 0.20 0.04 0.05
Crack 0.16 0.11 0.01 0.02
Heroin 0.08 0.07 * 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.12 0.10 0.02 0.02
LSD 0.06 * * *
PCP 0.02 0.01 * *
Ecstasy 0.09 0.08 0.02 0.01
Inhalants 0.07 0.10 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.34 0.30 0.12 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.30 0.25 0.10 0.09
OxyContin® 0.10 0.12 0.01 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.17 0.19 0.06 0.04
Stimulants3 0.17 0.11 0.03 0.03
Methamphetamine3 0.16 0.07 0.01 0.02
Sedatives 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.44 0.35 0.14 0.11
90409
Table 7.10P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.4609   0.9318  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1210   0.6071  
Cocaine 0.1217   0.2892  
Crack 0.0067   0.9452  
Heroin 0.8953   *  
Hallucinogens 0.6811   0.2297  
LSD *   *  
PCP 0.3380   *  
Ecstasy 0.7917   0.0952  
Inhalants 0.6727   0.4470  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3761   0.0883  
Pain Relievers 0.1935   0.6208  
OxyContin® 0.2208   0.9519  
Tranquilizers 0.1405   0.0982  
Stimulants3 0.1916   0.8326  
Methamphetamine3 0.0103   0.3152  
Sedatives 0.6233   0.1696  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.2417   0.2532  
90409
Table 7.11C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 219 195 232 227 203 231 195 200
Marijuana and Hashish 192 180 188 203 166 206 140 155
Cocaine 95 86 75 73 53 40 58 28
Crack 42 35 32 31 37 22 47 19
Heroin 12 22 7 27 28 16 18 10
Hallucinogens 38 44 45 37 32 23 30 27
LSD 10 12 26 11 17 4 7 9
PCP 2 4 8 6 2 2 9 *
Ecstasy 30 36 31 32 30 13 14 12
Inhalants 45 13 28 46 22 46 35 27
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 110 90 123 117 131 93 139 135
Pain Relievers 100 84 87 103 109 78 126 112
OxyContin® 17 26 24 32 10 18 43 36
Tranquilizers 55 44 62 66 66 48 70 71
Stimulants4 48 36 49 42 37 27 55 40
Methamphetamine4 42 17 40 32 28 11 48 35
Sedatives 20 18 51 18 23 15 33 23
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
141 119 148 142 143 111 152 139
90409
Table 7.11D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 1.03 1.03 0.53 0.53 0.29 0.32 0.16 0.16
Marijuana and Hashish 0.97 0.97 0.45 0.48 0.24 0.28 0.11 0.13
Cocaine 0.54 0.49 0.18 0.18 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.02
Crack 0.25 0.20 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.02
Heroin 0.07 0.13 0.02 0.07 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.22 0.26 0.11 0.09 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.02
LSD 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.17 0.21 0.08 0.08 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.01
Inhalants 0.26 0.08 0.07 0.11 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.02
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.61 0.52 0.29 0.28 0.19 0.13 0.12 0.11
Pain Relievers 0.56 0.48 0.21 0.25 0.16 0.11 0.10 0.09
OxyContin® 0.10 0.15 0.06 0.08 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.32 0.26 0.15 0.16 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.06
Stimulants4 0.28 0.21 0.12 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.03
Methamphetamine4 0.25 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.03
Sedatives 0.12 0.10 0.13 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.75 0.67 0.35 0.34 0.21 0.16 0.13 0.11
90409
Table 7.11P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.1844   0.6155   0.1613   0.4308  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.5811   0.3480   0.0631   1.0000  
Cocaine 0.6454   0.6340   0.2189   0.0174  
Crack 0.2492   0.8056   0.1650   0.0164  
Heroin 0.0352   0.0361   0.2393   0.4782  
Hallucinogens 0.2079   0.9503   0.8748   0.8485  
LSD 0.3199   0.7816   0.5668   0.3832  
PCP 0.2879   0.5607   0.9651   *  
Ecstasy 0.1490   0.5335   0.2050   0.7663  
Inhalants 0.1124   0.2451   0.2831   0.6178  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.0648   0.8541   0.1091   0.3313  
Pain Relievers 0.0614   0.5392   0.2393   0.3478  
OxyContin® 0.8238   0.5937   0.1976   0.8818  
Tranquilizers 0.0956   0.3299   0.7870   0.9856  
Stimulants4 0.7607   0.9470   0.0440   0.5216  
Methamphetamine4 0.0835   0.4474   0.0140   0.6662  
Sedatives 0.4071   0.3733   0.5360   0.5045  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.1087   0.9400   0.2025   0.1415  
90409
Table 7.12C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 27 26 37 35 24 27 51 41
Marijuana and Hashish 25 24 34 32 21 25 34 31
Cocaine 7 9 7 7 4 4 7 5
Crack 3 1 3 2 1 * 3 *
Heroin 1 3 * 5 1 * * 3
Hallucinogens 9 11 11 14 5 8 8 10
LSD 3 4 5 7 2 4 4 6
PCP 1 3 3 1 1 2 3 1
Ecstasy 6 8 7 10 3 2 5 9
Inhalants 9 8 10 12 7 7 21 18
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 16 15 19 17 14 9 29 24
Pain Relievers 16 13 16 15 13 7 25 23
OxyContin® 5 4 4 5 3 1 4 5
Tranquilizers 10 7 10 9 5 4 11 10
Stimulants4 7 8 7 7 3 4 9 6
Methamphetamine4 5 4 3 4 1 * 5 2
Sedatives 2 5 3 3 1 2 8 6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
18 19 22 23 15 14 38 30
90409
Table 7.12D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 2.85 2.76 1.53 1.63 1.40 1.57 0.23 0.18
Marijuana and Hashish 2.87 2.98 1.49 1.57 1.22 1.50 0.16 0.14
Cocaine 1.20 1.68 0.39 0.43 0.23 0.26 0.03 0.02
Crack 0.56 0.28 0.15 0.13 0.09 * 0.01 *
Heroin 0.16 0.51 * 0.31 0.09 * * 0.01
Hallucinogens 1.50 2.12 0.58 0.78 0.32 0.53 0.04 0.05
LSD 0.53 0.75 0.28 0.38 0.13 0.24 0.02 0.03
PCP 0.12 0.54 0.17 0.09 0.09 0.16 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 1.01 1.57 0.38 0.56 0.21 0.13 0.02 0.04
Inhalants 1.49 1.48 0.52 0.68 0.42 0.51 0.10 0.08
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2.41 2.67 0.94 0.96 0.84 0.60 0.14 0.11
Pain Relievers 2.33 2.31 0.82 0.87 0.83 0.51 0.12 0.10
OxyContin® 0.88 0.80 0.21 0.30 0.18 0.07 0.02 0.02
Tranquilizers 1.64 1.48 0.53 0.55 0.30 0.28 0.05 0.05
Stimulants4 1.08 1.55 0.40 0.41 0.19 0.27 0.04 0.03
Methamphetamine4 0.79 0.88 0.18 0.21 0.08 * 0.02 0.01
Sedatives 0.29 0.92 0.14 0.18 0.09 0.14 0.04 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
2.58 2.96 1.07 1.25 0.92 0.90 0.17 0.13
90409
Table 7.12P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.0376   0.0448   0.0540   0.0227  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3194   0.0883   0.0185   0.1763  
Cocaine 0.1342   0.9801   0.9128   0.1875  
Crack 0.3731   0.8157   *   *  
Heroin 0.2308   *   *   *  
Hallucinogens 0.0750   0.0959   0.1695   0.1209  
LSD 0.2519   0.4072   0.4164   0.2851  
PCP 0.0565   0.6993   0.3302   0.6611  
Ecstasy 0.1205   0.0768   0.4691   0.1305  
Inhalants 0.5759   0.7861   0.6988   0.5822  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.3375   0.6818   0.1047   0.0466  
Pain Relievers 0.9041   0.9180   0.0241   0.3467  
OxyContin® 0.7882   0.1809   0.0963   0.4265  
Tranquilizers 0.2731   0.9332   0.9171   0.6942  
Stimulants4 0.1105   0.7418   0.7356   0.0222  
Methamphetamine4 0.3696   0.3442   *   0.0618  
Sedatives 0.0994   0.4203   0.6289   0.2927  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.0320   0.2997   0.7320   0.0558  
90409
Table 7.13C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 90 91 91 85 46 55 45 45
Marijuana and Hashish 84 87 81 77 43 51 39 39
Cocaine 27 29 24 20 9 9 7 8
Crack 6 7 5 6 5 1 5 5
Heroin 3 10 7 6 6 2 4 6
Hallucinogens 25 28 21 23 8 13 9 10
LSD 9 11 6 8 1 3 6 4
PCP 2 3 2 0 * * 5 *
Ecstasy 15 23 17 17 5 8 6 8
Inhalants 9 9 12 12 6 8 9 3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 48 46 45 42 24 25 23 26
Pain Relievers 43 39 37 36 19 21 19 24
OxyContin® 10 10 12 8 7 6 5 7
Tranquilizers 28 24 20 23 14 16 13 11
Stimulants4 19 21 20 18 13 6 10 9
Methamphetamine4 11 9 10 7 10 2 6 7
Sedatives 9 6 6 7 2 9 6 5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
56 57 53 49 26 29 26 28
90409
Table 7.13D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 1.17 1.16 0.78 0.79 0.68 0.74 0.34 0.35
Marijuana and Hashish 1.17 1.21 0.72 0.75 0.64 0.70 0.30 0.31
Cocaine 0.54 0.59 0.26 0.23 0.15 0.14 0.05 0.07
Crack 0.13 0.16 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.01 0.04 0.04
Heroin 0.06 0.21 0.08 0.07 0.09 0.02 0.04 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.51 0.56 0.24 0.25 0.13 0.19 0.07 0.07
LSD 0.18 0.23 0.07 0.10 0.01 0.04 0.05 0.03
PCP 0.04 0.07 0.02 0.00 * * 0.04 *
Ecstasy 0.31 0.47 0.19 0.20 0.09 0.12 0.05 0.06
Inhalants 0.20 0.20 0.14 0.14 0.09 0.12 0.07 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.87 0.84 0.47 0.45 0.37 0.36 0.18 0.20
Pain Relievers 0.80 0.74 0.40 0.40 0.30 0.30 0.15 0.19
OxyContin® 0.21 0.21 0.14 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.04 0.05
Tranquilizers 0.56 0.49 0.22 0.25 0.21 0.25 0.10 0.09
Stimulants4 0.38 0.41 0.23 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.08 0.07
Methamphetamine4 0.22 0.18 0.11 0.08 0.15 0.04 0.05 0.06
Sedatives 0.19 0.12 0.07 0.08 0.03 0.13 0.05 0.04
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.98 0.98 0.54 0.51 0.39 0.42 0.20 0.22
90409
Table 7.13P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.3254   0.5122   0.0517   0.6617  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.4631   0.6858   0.0328   0.6154  
Cocaine 0.7538   0.1475   0.3631   0.6238  
Crack 0.8346   0.8108   0.1457   0.9954  
Heroin 0.0039   0.7779   0.0786   0.5760  
Hallucinogens 0.2741   0.5367   0.2559   0.8599  
LSD 0.2840   0.2789   0.1477   0.6465  
PCP 0.9846   0.3748   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.0097   0.8085   0.7920   0.9230  
Inhalants 0.8719   0.7774   0.9943   0.0494  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.8529   0.8144   0.9800   0.9431  
Pain Relievers 0.7898   0.7642   0.5746   0.9778  
OxyContin® 0.9705   0.1215   0.6955   0.5263  
Tranquilizers 0.5609   0.4980   0.7915   0.7620  
Stimulants4 0.5430   0.5918   0.0478   0.7118  
Methamphetamine4 0.1723   0.4354   0.0816   0.6627  
Sedatives 0.0495   0.8461   0.2548   0.7369  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.9619   0.4423   0.7781   0.8397  
90409
Table 7.14C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 191 167 206 208 196 220 184 190
Marijuana and Hashish 162 152 164 186 160 196 133 148
Cocaine 91 79 70 68 52 40 57 26
Crack 42 34 32 31 36 22 46 19
Heroin 12 19 * 26 27 16 17 8
Hallucinogens 27 36 38 26 31 18 28 23
LSD 3 2 24 * 16 * * 5
PCP * * 7 6 * * 6 *
Ecstasy 25 26 24 25 30 10 11 *
Inhalants 42 6 23 42 20 45 26 19
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 98 76 114 104 126 89 136 129
Pain Relievers 89 72 77 94 106 75 122 107
OxyContin® 12 24 21 31 7 17 43 36
Tranquilizers 49 36 60 61 65 45 69 70
Stimulants4 43 28 43 36 34 26 53 39
Methamphetamine4 41 14 39 30 26 10 47 34
Sedatives 18 16 51 16 23 12 32 22
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
130 106 136 130 137 106 145 134
90409
Table 7.14D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 1.38 1.30 0.66 0.65 0.31 0.34 0.21 0.22
Marijuana and Hashish 1.24 1.19 0.54 0.59 0.26 0.30 0.15 0.17
Cocaine 0.76 0.65 0.23 0.22 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.03
Crack 0.36 0.28 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.02
Heroin 0.10 0.16 * 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.23 0.30 0.12 0.09 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.03 0.02 0.08 * 0.03 * * 0.01
PCP * * 0.02 0.02 * * 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.22 0.22 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.02 0.01 *
Inhalants 0.36 0.05 0.08 0.14 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.02
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.81 0.63 0.37 0.34 0.20 0.14 0.16 0.15
Pain Relievers 0.74 0.60 0.25 0.30 0.17 0.12 0.14 0.12
OxyContin® 0.11 0.20 0.07 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.42 0.30 0.20 0.20 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.08
Stimulants4 0.37 0.24 0.14 0.12 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.04
Methamphetamine4 0.35 0.12 0.13 0.10 0.04 0.02 0.05 0.04
Sedatives 0.15 0.13 0.17 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
1.05 0.86 0.44 0.42 0.22 0.17 0.17 0.15
90409
Table 7.14P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.3292   0.4787   0.3795   0.6800  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9399   0.2541   0.2306   0.8874  
Cocaine 0.6258   0.3311   0.2905   0.0193  
Crack 0.2358   0.7451   0.2339   0.0191  
Heroin 0.3855   *   0.4169   0.2760  
Hallucinogens 0.5675   0.3502   0.3371   0.3947  
LSD 0.5974   *   *   *  
PCP *   0.7515   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.8292   0.8999   0.1872   *  
Inhalants 0.1736   0.1548   0.2736   0.7332  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.0407   0.9506   0.1368   0.5364  
Pain Relievers 0.0834   0.3763   0.2841   0.4311  
OxyContin® 0.6204   0.3116   0.1299   0.8777  
Tranquilizers 0.2228   0.3960   0.7136   0.8970  
Stimulants4 0.4254   0.7441   0.1335   0.8397  
Methamphetamine4 0.1473   0.4881   0.0525   0.7389  
Sedatives 0.7466   0.3207   0.2817   0.6246  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.0832   0.7469   0.1898   0.3066  
90409
Table 7.15C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 403 393 114 105 377 371
Marijuana or Hashish 330 353 105 99 304 333
Cocaine (Including Crack) 134 127 26 27 131 124
Heroin 31 38 6 9 31 37
Hallucinogens 68 63 29 36 61 53
Inhalants 57 66 19 22 54 62
Pain Relievers2 173 160 50 43 165 151
Tranquilizers2 107 93 27 25 105 90
Stimulants2,3 77 64 21 21 75 59
Methamphetamine3 65 41 11 7 64 39
Sedatives2 60 30 7 6 60 29
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA1
266 224 65 63 255 214
90409
Table 7.15D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.30 0.29 0.75 0.78 0.31 0.30
Marijuana or Hashish 0.25 0.26 0.72 0.76 0.26 0.27
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.10 0.10 0.23 0.26 0.11 0.10
Heroin 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.09 0.03 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.05 0.05 0.26 0.34 0.05 0.04
Inhalants 0.04 0.05 0.18 0.21 0.05 0.05
Pain Relievers2 0.13 0.12 0.43 0.41 0.14 0.13
Tranquilizers2 0.08 0.07 0.25 0.25 0.09 0.08
Stimulants2,3 0.06 0.05 0.19 0.20 0.06 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.05 0.03 0.11 0.07 0.05 0.03
Sedatives2 0.05 0.02 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA1
0.20 0.17 0.53 0.57 0.21 0.18
90409
Table 7.15P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.7437   0.0236   0.7981  
Marijuana or Hashish 0.2314   0.0184   0.2661  
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.5900   0.9094   0.6490  
Heroin 0.1442   0.0911   0.2511  
Hallucinogens 0.5385   0.0055   0.6394  
Inhalants 0.6462   0.8503   0.5641  
Pain Relievers2 0.1565   0.6308   0.2617  
Tranquilizers2 0.6653   0.8725   0.7791  
Stimulants2,3 0.2479   0.5344   0.2051  
Methamphetamine3 0.0117   0.2356   0.0190  
Sedatives2 0.1874   0.9202   0.1941  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA1
0.1179   0.3983   0.1224  
90409
Table 7.16C – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. 2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 230 252 68 68 217 240
Marijuana or Hashish 209 236 67 65 194 224
Cocaine (Including Crack) 76 66 12 14 75 64
Heroin 18 22 4 2 17 22
Hallucinogens 24 13 9 9 23 8
Inhalants 6 14 5 8 * 11
Pain Relievers3 58 62 13 12 57 61
Tranquilizers3 18 37 5 5 17 37
Stimulants3 10 21 4 4 9 21
Methamphetamine4 37 15 7 3 36 15
Sedatives3 18 10 2 2 18 9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
103 99 22 22 102 96
90409
Table 7.16D – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. 2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.18 0.19 0.55 0.60 0.19 0.20
Marijuana or Hashish 0.16 0.18 0.55 0.58 0.17 0.18
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.06 0.05 0.12 0.14 0.06 0.05
Heroin 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.02 0.01 0.08 0.09 0.02 0.01
Inhalants 0.00 0.01 0.05 0.08 * 0.01
Pain Relievers3 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.05 0.05
Tranquilizers3 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.03
Stimulants3 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.02
Methamphetamine4 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.01
Sedatives3 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.08 0.08 0.20 0.21 0.09 0.08
90409
Table 7.16P – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2007)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2007)
Aged 21+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. 2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.6910   0.1531   0.7083  
Marijuana or Hashish 0.3064   0.1321   0.3047  
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.4243   0.4036   0.3453  
Heroin 0.6131   0.4581   0.5311  
Hallucinogens 0.1772   0.6251   0.0969  
Inhalants 0.3296   0.3584   *  
Pain Relievers3 0.7556   0.9900   0.7195  
Tranquilizers3 0.0507   0.4877   0.0343  
Stimulants3 0.4504   0.7958   0.3846  
Methamphetamine4 0.0500   0.4954   0.0630  
Sedatives3 0.0932   0.9842   0.0919  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.4485   0.7892   0.4407  
90409
Table 7.17C – Types of Illicit Drugs Used in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 403 393 52 53 153 149 347 354
Marijuana or Hashish 330 353 47 49 140 138 279 315
Cocaine (Including Crack) 134 127 11 12 38 38 127 119
Heroin 31 38 2 6 10 12 30 36
Hallucinogens 68 63 15 19 34 38 56 48
Inhalants 57 66 15 16 17 18 52 62
Pain Relievers2 173 160 25 21 62 59 157 142
Tranquilizers2 107 93 16 13 37 38 101 83
Stimulants2,3 77 64 10 13 30 28 70 54
Methamphetamine3 65 41 6 6 18 12 62 37
Sedatives2 60 30 3 6 12 14 59 26
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
266 224 32 33 87 84 243 202
90409
Table 7.17D – Types of Illicit Drugs Used in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.30 0.29 1.03 1.11 0.53 0.55 0.32 0.32
Marijuana or Hashish 0.25 0.26 0.98 1.07 0.52 0.53 0.27 0.29
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.10 0.10 0.26 0.33 0.18 0.19 0.12 0.11
Heroin 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.16 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.05 0.05 0.37 0.50 0.17 0.19 0.05 0.05
Inhalants 0.04 0.05 0.37 0.43 0.08 0.09 0.05 0.06
Pain Relievers2 0.13 0.12 0.59 0.57 0.28 0.28 0.15 0.13
Tranquilizers2 0.08 0.07 0.39 0.35 0.18 0.19 0.10 0.08
Stimulants2,3 0.06 0.05 0.26 0.34 0.15 0.14 0.07 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.05 0.03 0.15 0.16 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.04
Sedatives2 0.05 0.02 0.09 0.16 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.20 0.17 0.73 0.83 0.38 0.37 0.23 0.19
90409
Table 7.17P – Types of Illicit Drugs Used in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.7437   0.0032   0.6647   0.6277  
Marijuana or Hashish 0.2314   0.0110   0.9383   0.1711  
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.5900   0.3928   0.1478   0.8644  
Heroin 0.1442   0.1726   0.1776   0.3583  
Hallucinogens 0.5385   0.0066   0.1648   0.4832  
Inhalants 0.6462   0.9815   0.7412   0.4459  
Pain Relievers2 0.1565   0.2175   0.7447   0.2915  
Tranquilizers2 0.6653   0.4335   1.0000   0.8077  
Stimulants2,3 0.2479   0.2547   0.9594   0.1713  
Methamphetamine3 0.0117   0.3469   0.0252   0.0375  
Sedatives2 0.1874   0.0714   0.5711   0.1668  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.1179   0.1571   0.5309   0.1521  
90409
Table 7.18C – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 230 252 32 33 94 95 200 229
Marijuana or Hashish 209 236 31 32 91 91 178 212
Cocaine (Including Crack) 76 66 5 6 17 20 74 63
Heroin 18 22 2 2 7 5 16 21
Hallucinogens 24 13 6 5 11 10 21 6
Inhalants 6 14 4 5 4 7 * 11
Pain Relievers3 58 62 8 7 24 19 52 58
Tranquilizers3 18 37 4 2 12 11 12 36
Stimulants3 10 21 2 3 7 7 7 20
Methamphetamine4 37 15 2 2 10 5 35 14
Sedatives3 18 10 2 2 5 * 17 9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
103 99 12 11 33 31 98 93
90409
Table 7.18D – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.18 0.19 0.75 0.84 0.40 0.41 0.19 0.21
Marijuana or Hashish 0.16 0.18 0.74 0.82 0.39 0.40 0.17 0.20
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.06 0.05 0.13 0.18 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.06
Heroin 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.02 0.01 0.16 0.14 0.06 0.05 0.02 0.01
Inhalants 0.00 0.01 0.09 0.14 0.02 0.03 * 0.01
Pain Relievers3 0.05 0.05 0.20 0.19 0.12 0.10 0.05 0.06
Tranquilizers3 0.01 0.03 0.11 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.01 0.03
Stimulants3 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.02
Methamphetamine4 0.03 0.01 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.01
Sedatives3 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.05 0.03 * 0.02 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.08 0.08 0.30 0.30 0.16 0.15 0.09 0.09
90409
Table 7.18P – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.6910   0.4140   0.7841   0.4943  
Marijuana or Hashish 0.3064   0.4890   0.9454   0.1747  
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.4243   0.3464   0.7857   0.3370  
Heroin 0.6131   0.9274   0.8719   0.6202  
Hallucinogens 0.1772   0.7705   0.8737   0.1710  
Inhalants 0.3296   0.4490   0.6124   *  
Pain Relievers3 0.7556   0.6187   0.2774   0.4571  
Tranquilizers3 0.0507   0.1081   0.9557   0.0187  
Stimulants3 0.4504   0.5438   0.7058   0.5460  
Methamphetamine4 0.0500   0.6447   0.0908   0.1144  
Sedatives3 0.0932   0.9878   *   0.2886  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA2
0.4485   0.8600   0.5428   0.5784  
90409
Table 7.19C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 306 291 124 147 245 248 153 138
Marijuana and Hashish 258 274 96 130 199 214 97 91
Cocaine 121 100 52 21 49 67 25 17
Crack 61 49 46 10 21 17 5 17
Heroin 31 35 18 10 4 14 * *
Hallucinogens 60 59 25 14 33 23 17 23
LSD 32 15 5 6 4 7 5 6
PCP 9 7 8 * * 3 4 *
Ecstasy 46 48 8 9 27 14 11 7
Inhalants 35 47 4 10 44 46 34 25
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 151 128 83 89 143 122 119 98
Pain Relievers 132 109 72 70 113 113 108 88
OxyContin® 30 44 40 36 9 11 17 7
Tranquilizers 74 76 47 57 74 55 52 32
Stimulants3 69 49 48 27 31 36 27 22
Methamphetamine3 63 25 47 24 17 28 9 16
Sedatives 26 23 15 9 54 19 29 21
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
195 164 99 92 166 142 124 104
90409
Table 7.19D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.66 0.66 0.61 0.72 0.27 0.27 0.15 0.13
Marijuana and Hashish 0.58 0.63 0.48 0.64 0.22 0.23 0.10 0.09
Cocaine 0.29 0.25 0.26 0.11 0.06 0.08 0.02 0.02
Crack 0.15 0.12 0.23 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.02
Heroin 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.00 0.02 * *
Hallucinogens 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.02
LSD 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01
PCP 0.02 0.02 0.04 * * 0.00 0.00 *
Ecstasy 0.12 0.12 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01
Inhalants 0.09 0.12 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.02
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.35 0.31 0.41 0.45 0.16 0.14 0.12 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.31 0.26 0.36 0.36 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.09
OxyContin® 0.08 0.11 0.20 0.18 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.18 0.19 0.24 0.29 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.03
Stimulants3 0.17 0.12 0.24 0.14 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.02
Methamphetamine3 0.15 0.06 0.23 0.12 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02
Sedatives 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.44 0.39 0.48 0.46 0.19 0.16 0.12 0.10
90409
Table 7.19P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.9330   0.7297   0.4650   0.2158  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3127   0.6263   0.3187   0.6902  
Cocaine 0.2226   0.0172   0.1854   0.5658  
Crack 0.0954   0.0049   0.8892   0.4937  
Heroin 0.1948   0.4668   0.3797   *  
Hallucinogens 0.3865   0.5786   0.8741   0.7420  
LSD 0.6784   0.2211   0.1101   0.9776  
PCP 0.6424   *   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.3177   0.8782   0.6676   0.6036  
Inhalants 0.9610   0.0825   0.4827   0.3314  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0402   0.5487   0.4348   0.1024  
Pain Relievers 0.0536   0.9545   0.9120   0.2934  
OxyContin® 0.3129   0.6329   0.8202   0.4013  
Tranquilizers 0.6672   0.1942   0.3015   0.1359  
Stimulants3 0.0937   0.4890   0.5029   0.9172  
Methamphetamine3 0.0011   0.5172   0.3766   0.5975  
Sedatives 0.3366   0.6753   0.3425   0.5960  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.0739   0.8391   0.7987   0.1036  
90409
Table 7.20C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 40 40 23 22 32 34 42 34
Marijuana and Hashish 38 38 22 20 28 29 24 23
Cocaine 10 11 4 4 4 5 6 2
Crack 4 2 1 0 1 1 3 *
Heroin 1 6 0 3 1 * * *
Hallucinogens 14 15 6 9 7 13 6 6
LSD 6 7 4 5 1 4 2 3
PCP 3 3 * * 1 3 3 1
Ecstasy 8 11 4 8 5 6 3 3
Inhalants 12 11 4 6 10 12 20 17
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 23 19 11 12 15 17 26 22
Pain Relievers 20 17 10 11 15 13 23 20
OxyContin® 6 6 3 4 4 2 3 3
Tranquilizers 15 11 4 5 6 7 11 9
Stimulants3 9 7 6 4 4 10 7 5
Methamphetamine3 5 5 3 2 3 2 4 1
Sedatives 3 5 3 4 2 3 8 4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
26 26 13 15 18 22 35 26
90409
Table 7.20D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1.90 1.81 1.99 2.01 1.12 1.20 0.20 0.16
Marijuana and Hashish 1.88 1.87 1.89 1.91 1.01 1.09 0.12 0.11
Cocaine 0.63 0.79 0.43 0.44 0.18 0.24 0.03 0.01
Crack 0.28 0.19 0.15 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.01 *
Heroin 0.06 0.44 0.03 0.28 0.06 * * *
Hallucinogens 0.88 1.08 0.62 0.94 0.28 0.54 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.41 0.54 0.41 0.52 0.06 0.17 0.01 0.02
PCP 0.21 0.19 * * 0.06 0.12 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.54 0.79 0.38 0.86 0.22 0.27 0.01 0.02
Inhalants 0.74 0.77 0.41 0.64 0.39 0.50 0.10 0.08
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1.38 1.31 1.09 1.22 0.60 0.71 0.13 0.10
Pain Relievers 1.23 1.17 0.98 1.12 0.58 0.57 0.11 0.10
OxyContin® 0.40 0.45 0.35 0.40 0.15 0.10 0.01 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.93 0.81 0.40 0.51 0.24 0.28 0.05 0.05
Stimulants3 0.61 0.55 0.58 0.43 0.18 0.43 0.03 0.02
Methamphetamine3 0.34 0.39 0.32 0.17 0.12 0.10 0.02 0.00
Sedatives 0.19 0.38 0.35 0.40 0.07 0.13 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
1.50 1.63 1.30 1.50 0.68 0.89 0.17 0.13
90409
Table 7.20P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0679   0.5936   0.0026   0.0282  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1514   0.4160   0.0036   0.3573  
Cocaine 0.5378   0.9329   0.3729   0.0962  
Crack 0.5423   0.2730   0.6594   *  
Heroin 0.1019   0.3341   *   *  
Hallucinogens 0.0694   0.2194   0.0342   0.3495  
LSD 0.3418   0.2414   0.1050   0.8382  
PCP 0.6066   *   0.1352   0.6602  
Ecstasy 0.0280   0.1420   0.6953   0.5665  
Inhalants 0.9344   0.2605   0.8605   0.3924  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3667   0.5497   0.2598   0.0637  
Pain Relievers 0.2871   0.8581   0.6758   0.3626  
OxyContin® 0.5746   0.5955   0.5079   0.4998  
Tranquilizers 0.3005   0.6968   0.6449   0.5668  
Stimulants3 0.7728   0.0095   0.0439   0.3758  
Methamphetamine3 0.1958   0.1564   0.7894   0.2200  
Sedatives 0.1098   0.8794   0.3812   0.2707  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.6700   0.9952   0.0533   0.0448  
90409
Table 7.21C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 115 115 37 33 81 81 27 29
Marijuana and Hashish 106 107 34 28 73 72 24 25
Cocaine 35 35 6 7 14 14 3 4
Crack 10 8 5 3 1 4 * 3
Heroin 9 12 4 6 3 1 * 1
Hallucinogens 30 34 7 7 15 16 5 6
LSD 10 13 4 4 4 6 5 1
PCP 3 3 4 * * * 3 *
Ecstasy 22 28 5 5 7 10 3 6
Inhalants 15 15 1 1 7 9 9 3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 59 59 18 18 37 36 16 17
Pain Relievers 53 51 15 16 31 31 14 16
OxyContin® 16 14 3 6 7 5 4 3
Tranquilizers 31 32 11 9 18 18 7 6
Stimulants3 26 23 9 7 13 15 6 4
Methamphetamine3 17 9 5 6 2 7 3 4
Sedatives 11 6 5 2 4 13 2 4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
70 70 19 20 42 43 19 18
90409
Table 7.21D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.79 0.88 1.28 1.23 0.62 0.62 0.26 0.28
Marijuana and Hashish 0.78 0.85 1.22 1.10 0.58 0.57 0.24 0.24
Cocaine 0.36 0.36 0.25 0.29 0.13 0.13 0.03 0.04
Crack 0.10 0.09 0.19 0.14 0.01 0.04 * 0.03
Heroin 0.10 0.13 0.18 0.23 0.03 0.01 * 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.31 0.35 0.29 0.31 0.13 0.15 0.05 0.06
LSD 0.11 0.14 0.14 0.17 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.01
PCP 0.03 0.03 0.17 * * * 0.03 *
Ecstasy 0.23 0.29 0.21 0.19 0.07 0.09 0.03 0.06
Inhalants 0.15 0.16 0.03 0.04 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.56 0.56 0.70 0.73 0.33 0.32 0.15 0.16
Pain Relievers 0.51 0.49 0.58 0.66 0.28 0.28 0.14 0.15
OxyContin® 0.17 0.14 0.13 0.23 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.33 0.33 0.43 0.35 0.17 0.17 0.06 0.06
Stimulants3 0.27 0.24 0.35 0.30 0.12 0.14 0.06 0.04
Methamphetamine3 0.18 0.10 0.20 0.26 0.02 0.06 0.03 0.04
Sedatives 0.12 0.06 0.22 0.09 0.04 0.12 0.02 0.04
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.63 0.63 0.74 0.81 0.37 0.37 0.18 0.17
90409
Table 7.21P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.2740   0.9230   0.4130   0.4208  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.8694   0.8395   0.7504   0.2071  
Cocaine 0.1149   0.9692   0.8558   0.3032  
Crack 0.4230   0.5688   0.1679   *  
Heroin 0.1146   0.6699   0.4338   *  
Hallucinogens 0.2186   0.8274   0.3990   0.9477  
LSD 0.1286   0.6508   0.4702   0.2210  
PCP 0.6791   *   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.1106   0.5767   0.1021   0.4641  
Inhalants 0.8630   0.9303   0.7312   0.0484  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3874   0.9216   0.3216   0.9138  
Pain Relievers 0.6117   0.8888   0.7508   0.7849  
OxyContin® 0.4515   0.6988   0.5925   0.1710  
Tranquilizers 0.9200   0.7984   0.9516   0.9320  
Stimulants3 0.3605   0.9155   0.1075   0.6531  
Methamphetamine3 0.0062   0.7912   0.3317   0.6518  
Sedatives 0.0227   0.6756   0.1613   0.2811  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.1654   0.6266   0.3130   0.4997  
90409
Table 7.22C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 262 262 120 138 226 229 142 129
Marijuana and Hashish 219 248 92 124 182 194 91 85
Cocaine 115 90 51 20 46 66 24 16
Crack 60 48 46 9 21 17 4 16
Heroin 30 33 17 8 * 14 * *
Hallucinogens 48 47 23 7 29 10 15 22
LSD 30 * * * * * * 5
PCP 8 6 6 * * * * *
Ecstasy 39 37 5 * 26 8 10 *
Inhalants 30 44 2 8 43 43 26 18
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 136 108 81 86 136 114 115 93
Pain Relievers 119 92 71 67 106 106 104 85
OxyContin® 25 42 40 35 3 9 16 5
Tranquilizers 65 66 46 56 72 52 51 30
Stimulants3 64 42 47 25 28 32 24 21
Methamphetamine3 60 22 47 23 17 28 7 16
Sedatives 24 22 14 8 53 14 28 20
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
178 140 97 88 157 135 118 99
90409
Table 7.22D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.80 0.81 0.70 0.82 0.30 0.30 0.20 0.18
Marijuana and Hashish 0.70 0.78 0.54 0.74 0.24 0.25 0.13 0.12
Cocaine 0.38 0.30 0.31 0.12 0.06 0.09 0.03 0.02
Crack 0.20 0.16 0.28 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.02
Heroin 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.05 * 0.02 * *
Hallucinogens 0.16 0.16 0.14 0.05 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.03
LSD 0.10 * * * * * * 0.01
PCP 0.03 0.02 0.04 * * * * *
Ecstasy 0.13 0.12 0.03 * 0.04 0.01 0.01 *
Inhalants 0.10 0.15 0.01 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.02
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.44 0.36 0.48 0.53 0.18 0.15 0.16 0.13
Pain Relievers 0.39 0.31 0.42 0.41 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.12
OxyContin® 0.09 0.14 0.24 0.22 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.22 0.22 0.28 0.35 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.04
Stimulants3 0.22 0.14 0.28 0.16 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03
Methamphetamine3 0.20 0.07 0.28 0.14 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.02
Sedatives 0.08 0.07 0.09 0.05 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.57 0.46 0.57 0.53 0.21 0.18 0.17 0.14
90409
Table 7.22P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes, But Not
Alcohol
Alcohol, But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.6090   0.6588   0.7369   0.3662  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1958   0.4689   0.4606   0.5778  
Cocaine 0.4132   0.0150   0.2124   0.6698  
Crack 0.1267   0.0061   0.7253   0.5141  
Heroin 0.5480   0.2814   *   *  
Hallucinogens 1.0000   0.2013   0.1085   0.9741  
LSD *   *   *   *  
PCP 0.6130   *   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.8703   *   0.2062   *  
Inhalants 0.8466   0.1595   0.3948   0.9872  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1131   0.4961   0.2469   0.1963  
Pain Relievers 0.1124   1.0000   0.8779   0.3517  
OxyContin® 0.1635   0.6993   0.1955   0.5305  
Tranquilizers 0.4596   0.1809   0.2832   0.1638  
Stimulants3 0.1847   0.7189   0.6524   0.8229  
Methamphetamine3 0.0066   0.5460   0.4628   0.4651  
Sedatives 0.6816   0.7920   0.1757   0.6793  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1
0.1993   0.7642   0.4808   0.3044  
90409
Table 7.23C – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use and Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Cigarette Use/Level of
Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 445 427 68 61 127 127 394 393
Heavy Alcohol Use1 219 195 27 26 90 91 191 167
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
232 227 37 35 91 85 206 208
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
203 231 24 27 46 55 196 220
No Alcohol Use 195 200 51 41 45 45 184 190
PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
336 327 46 45 122 119 294 298
Heavy Alcohol Use1 175 155 25 21 75 75 151 134
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
187 168 28 28 68 70 167 154
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
127 169 15 17 37 37 120 163
No Alcohol Use 124 147 23 22 37 33 120 138
NO PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
295 283 53 47 88 85 272 261
Heavy Alcohol Use1 129 105 10 14 40 42 122 95
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
128 155 23 23 55 47 116 146
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
155 153 18 20 31 39 151 145
No Alcohol Use 153 138 42 34 27 29 142 129
90409
Table 7.23D – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use and Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Cigarette Use/Level of
Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.18 0.17 0.27 0.24 0.39 0.38 0.21 0.20
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1.03 1.03 2.85 2.76 1.17 1.16 1.38 1.30
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.53 0.53 1.53 1.63 0.78 0.79 0.66 0.65
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.29 0.32 1.40 1.57 0.68 0.74 0.31 0.34
No Alcohol Use 0.16 0.16 0.23 0.18 0.34 0.35 0.21 0.22
PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
0.52 0.51 1.39 1.40 0.69 0.77 0.60 0.61
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1.39 1.44 3.33 3.22 1.40 1.42 1.96 1.89
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.97 0.94 2.43 2.35 1.13 1.25 1.26 1.23
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.93 1.15 4.06 4.37 1.60 1.69 1.05 1.31
No Alcohol Use 0.61 0.72 1.99 2.01 1.28 1.23 0.70 0.82
NO PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
0.15 0.15 0.22 0.19 0.38 0.36 0.18 0.18
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1.59 1.35 4.95 5.14 1.85 1.82 2.07 1.65
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.53 0.62 1.89 1.99 1.01 0.95 0.63 0.75
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.27 0.26 1.35 1.48 0.66 0.76 0.29 0.28
No Alcohol Use 0.15 0.13 0.20 0.16 0.26 0.28 0.20 0.18
90409
Table 7.23P – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use and Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Cigarette Use/Level of
Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9192   0.4228   0.8154   0.7215  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.1844   0.0376   0.3254   0.3292  
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.6155   0.0448   0.5122   0.4787  
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.1613   0.0540   0.0517   0.3795  
No Alcohol Use 0.4308   0.0227   0.6617   0.6800  
PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
0.7375   0.3908   0.3615   0.4609  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.1029   0.1550   0.1372   0.3225  
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.7254   0.1068   0.2004   0.7789  
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.0243   0.4885   0.1091   0.0359  
No Alcohol Use 0.7297   0.5936   0.9230   0.6588  
NO PAST MONTH
CIGARETTE USE
0.9213   0.6260   0.3055   0.9318  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.9246   0.0138   0.6928   0.6908  
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
  Heavy Use1
0.1099   0.1855   0.9937   0.0709  
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
  Use1
0.8428   0.0435   0.0631   0.3946  
No Alcohol Use 0.2158   0.0282   0.4208   0.3662  
90409
Table 7.24C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 364 401
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 147 163 246 264
Cigars 252 261 251 266
Pipe Tobacco 124 88 117 113
ALCOHOL 721 700 1,355 1,424
Binge Alcohol Use2 558 534 658 660
Heavy Alcohol Use2 317 308 300 285
90409
Table 7.24D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 0.19 0.21
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 0.24 0.27 0.13 0.14
Cigars 0.39 0.42 0.13 0.14
Pipe Tobacco 0.20 0.15 0.06 0.06
ALCOHOL 0.73 0.72 0.48 0.46
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.68 0.73 0.32 0.30
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.48 0.49 0.16 0.15
90409
Table 7.24P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A   0.8682  
Cigarettes N/A   N/A  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3331   0.3016  
Cigars 0.5111   0.2596  
Pipe Tobacco 0.2390   0.9931  
ALCOHOL 0.6074   0.4118  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.6926   0.7194  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.6116   0.9227  
90409
Table 7.25C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 37 34
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 24 22 25 20
Cigars 36 32 27 27
Pipe Tobacco 17 14 8 10
ALCOHOL 57 49 75 71
Binge Alcohol Use2 51 42 52 45
Heavy Alcohol Use2 31 24 21 18
90409
Table 7.25D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 0.16 0.15
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 0.90 0.92 0.11 0.09
Cigars 1.23 1.25 0.12 0.12
Pipe Tobacco 0.67 0.61 0.04 0.04
ALCOHOL 1.34 1.38 0.30 0.29
Binge Alcohol Use2 1.37 1.37 0.22 0.19
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.11 0.98 0.09 0.08
90409
Table 7.25P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A   0.2037  
Cigarettes N/A   N/A  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.9076   0.2314  
Cigars 0.3451   0.5069  
Pipe Tobacco 0.8361   0.8290  
ALCOHOL 0.2754   0.0405  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.2237   0.1758  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0515   0.8793  
90409
Table 7.26C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 76 73
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 55 55 38 40
Cigars 86 82 65 59
Pipe Tobacco 27 27 19 19
ALCOHOL 193 186 245 244
Binge Alcohol Use2 173 166 170 167
Heavy Alcohol Use2 104 110 74 77
90409
Table 7.26D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 0.34 0.31
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 0.42 0.44 0.18 0.19
Cigars 0.58 0.59 0.30 0.26
Pipe Tobacco 0.22 0.23 0.09 0.09
ALCOHOL 0.64 0.62 0.67 0.65
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.77 0.74 0.58 0.58
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.68 0.74 0.32 0.33
90409
Table 7.26P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A   0.8865  
Cigarettes N/A   N/A  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.8558   0.2344  
Cigars 0.6098   0.2174  
Pipe Tobacco 0.5071   0.1642  
ALCOHOL 0.8122   0.9770  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.4700   0.0778  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.7375   0.8128  
90409
Table 7.27C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 347 389
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 132 149 238 260
Cigars 226 246 233 258
Pipe Tobacco 120 84 115 111
ALCOHOL 660 665 1,306 1,373
Binge Alcohol Use2 504 497 619 628
Heavy Alcohol Use2 293 284 289 277
90409
Table 7.27D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 0.23 0.26
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 0.29 0.32 0.16 0.18
Cigars 0.47 0.52 0.16 0.17
Pipe Tobacco 0.26 0.18 0.08 0.08
ALCOHOL 0.93 0.91 0.60 0.59
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.84 0.90 0.40 0.38
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.59 0.60 0.20 0.19
90409
Table 7.27P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A   0.7726  
Cigarettes N/A   N/A  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.2095   0.3403  
Cigars 0.2640   0.4037  
Pipe Tobacco 0.1774   0.8001  
ALCOHOL 0.5749   0.3839  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.6633   0.4371  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.4073   0.9112  
90409
Table 7.28C – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 346 333 478 463 459 493 614 584
Cigarettes 317 308 436 422 405 452 569 542
Smokeless Tobacco 121 130 133 142 124 144 176 190
Cigars 148 160 205 205 193 208 163 158
Pipe Tobacco 78 51 60 79 87 76 109 87
90409
Table 7.28D – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 1.23 1.14 0.85 0.87 0.59 0.62 0.44 0.44
Cigarettes 1.24 1.20 0.84 0.82 0.54 0.58 0.42 0.42
Smokeless Tobacco 0.65 0.71 0.32 0.34 0.18 0.20 0.14 0.16
Cigars 0.78 0.84 0.48 0.48 0.27 0.29 0.13 0.13
Pipe Tobacco 0.45 0.29 0.15 0.19 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.07
90409
Table 7.28P – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.5983   0.1754   0.6895   0.5666  
Cigarettes 0.9790   0.2604   0.8363   0.5945  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.8615   0.5757   0.5270   0.2391  
Cigars 0.8399   0.5481   0.4878   0.1316  
Pipe Tobacco 0.5241   0.9165   0.3296   0.9560  
90409
Table 7.29C – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 33 26 44 37 27 26 52 47
Cigarettes 31 24 40 35 24 23 42 40
Smokeless Tobacco 15 13 19 15 10 7 25 20
Cigars 21 17 26 22 15 17 29 26
Pipe Tobacco 10 6 10 12 7 5 11 9
90409
Table 7.29D – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 2.71 2.65 1.65 1.63 1.51 1.58 0.24 0.22
Cigarettes 2.99 2.83 1.59 1.63 1.34 1.43 0.19 0.18
Smokeless Tobacco 2.27 2.35 0.95 0.89 0.60 0.48 0.11 0.09
Cigars 2.79 2.82 1.31 1.19 0.89 1.10 0.13 0.12
Pipe Tobacco 1.64 1.28 0.51 0.70 0.42 0.35 0.05 0.04
90409
Table 7.29P – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.1106   0.9373   0.6818   0.3123  
Cigarettes 0.1158   0.8098   0.9100   0.4740  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3739   0.7339   0.2148   0.8263  
Cigars 0.9140   0.8754   0.0617   0.0291  
Pipe Tobacco 0.7303   0.0472   0.5801   0.3781  
90409
Table 7.30C – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 115 121 123 121 79 78 90 87
Cigarettes 104 110 114 114 74 68 85 81
Smokeless Tobacco 47 45 37 39 16 19 24 24
Cigars 62 58 65 56 38 43 43 36
Pipe Tobacco 18 19 22 19 11 14 11 14
90409
Table 7.30D – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 1.02 1.03 0.90 0.89 1.05 0.96 0.63 0.62
Cigarettes 1.10 1.13 0.92 0.90 1.01 0.89 0.60 0.58
Smokeless Tobacco 0.81 0.78 0.41 0.43 0.25 0.28 0.19 0.19
Cigars 1.04 0.98 0.65 0.58 0.57 0.60 0.33 0.28
Pipe Tobacco 0.37 0.41 0.24 0.22 0.17 0.21 0.09 0.11
90409
Table 7.30P – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.4290   0.3838   0.4563   0.6360  
Cigarettes 0.7749   0.1767   0.0621   0.5693  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3195   0.1810   0.0263   0.8043  
Cigars 0.3794   0.1564   0.2615   0.4539  
Pipe Tobacco 0.2784   0.5838   0.4096   0.0411  
90409
Table 7.31C – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 316 307 447 436 447 480 597 573
Cigarettes 293 284 406 399 391 442 555 530
Smokeless Tobacco 109 118 126 138 123 143 171 188
Cigars 129 148 187 198 188 205 154 153
Pipe Tobacco 75 47 56 73 86 75 107 85
90409
Table 7.31D – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 1.74 1.60 1.10 1.12 0.64 0.68 0.60 0.60
Cigarettes 1.74 1.66 1.08 1.07 0.58 0.65 0.57 0.57
Smokeless Tobacco 0.88 0.94 0.41 0.45 0.20 0.23 0.19 0.21
Cigars 1.02 1.14 0.59 0.62 0.30 0.32 0.17 0.17
Pipe Tobacco 0.64 0.39 0.18 0.24 0.14 0.12 0.12 0.10
90409
Table 7.31P – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.3380   0.1154   0.6282   0.6896  
Cigarettes 0.7855   0.1329   0.6331   0.7015  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4584   0.7620   0.6664   0.2375  
Cigars 0.4296   0.9110   0.7403   0.3249  
Pipe Tobacco 0.4065   0.8294   0.2878   0.8164  
90330
Table 7.32C – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic
Characteristic
Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 503 497 431 408 244 265 0.82 0.84
AGE                
12-17 66 57 57 52 32 27 1.32 1.21
12-13 13 13 10 12 8 5 * *
14-15 29 32 27 27 13 17 2.17 2.75
16-17 57 52 48 46 27 21 1.60 1.33
18-25 145 146 134 136 73 72 0.75 0.75
18-20 122 110 107 99 47 44 1.13 1.08
21-25 140 144 122 121 59 61 0.95 0.96
26 or Older 449 443 380 363 224 253 1.32 1.37
26-34 223 227 189 200 124 123 1.87 1.79
35-49 240 242 204 209 127 128 1.86 1.87
50 or Older 271 281 237 222 139 194 4.11 4.78
GENDER                
Male 404 361 347 310 196 184 1.07 1.03
Female 261 312 211 237 145 192 1.21 1.37
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 51 43 44 38 23 20 1.76 1.62
Female 12-17 40 40 35 36 21 18 1.98 1.72
90330
Table 7.32D – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic
Characteristic
Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.20 0.20 0.17 0.16 0.10 0.11 0.82 0.84
AGE                
12-17 0.26 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.13 0.11 1.32 1.21
12-13 0.16 0.17 0.12 0.15 0.10 0.06 * *
14-15 0.34 0.36 0.31 0.30 0.15 0.20 2.17 2.75
16-17 0.61 0.53 0.53 0.49 0.31 0.24 1.60 1.33
18-25 0.44 0.44 0.41 0.41 0.22 0.22 0.75 0.75
18-20 0.68 0.66 0.63 0.64 0.34 0.31 1.13 1.08
21-25 0.55 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.28 0.28 0.95 0.96
26 or Older 0.24 0.23 0.20 0.19 0.12 0.13 1.32 1.37
26-34 0.63 0.64 0.54 0.56 0.35 0.35 1.87 1.79
35-49 0.37 0.38 0.31 0.32 0.20 0.20 1.86 1.87
50 or Older 0.30 0.31 0.26 0.24 0.15 0.21 4.11 4.78
GENDER                
Male 0.34 0.30 0.29 0.26 0.16 0.15 1.07 1.03
Female 0.20 0.24 0.17 0.18 0.11 0.15 1.21 1.37
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 0.39 0.34 0.34 0.30 0.18 0.16 1.76 1.62
Female 12-17 0.32 0.33 0.28 0.30 0.17 0.15 1.98 1.72
90330
Table 7.32P – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic
Characteristic
Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4869   0.5249   0.7554   0.9517  
AGE                
12-17 0.9851   0.8677   0.7891   0.7578  
12-13 0.9880   0.6503   0.4675   *  
14-15 0.7356   0.4270   0.4528   0.3144  
16-17 0.8237   0.8677   0.4589   0.4648  
18-25 0.6108   0.8139   0.5832   0.7358  
18-20 0.5164   0.2272   0.3208   0.1785  
21-25 0.2145   0.1753   0.9558   0.4841  
26 or Older 0.3493   0.4319   0.5972   0.9964  
26-34 0.2478   0.0969   0.5740   0.1970  
35-49 0.6714   0.5260   0.8008   0.5721  
50 or Older 0.6356   0.6268   0.1469   0.1371  
GENDER                
Male 0.3548   0.3611   0.7696   0.8584  
Female 0.0131   0.0098   0.4264   0.4995  
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 0.6106   0.5060   0.8645   0.6624  
Female 12-17 0.5149   0.2990   0.5481   0.3352  
90408
Table 7.33C – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 808 806 629 672 0.68 0.71
12 8 10 4 2 * *
13 15 16 7 6 * *
14 22 18 11 10 3.82 4.13
15 28 27 17 15 3.04 2.91
16 35 31 21 16 2.39 2.27
17 43 40 26 23 2.18 2.18
18 63 62 38 39 2.08 2.05
19 60 61 37 40 1.96 2.17
20 68 61 39 37 2.09 2.04
21 68 65 42 39 2.05 1.96
22 65 64 42 43 1.96 2.11
23 64 60 44 40 2.04 1.95
24 66 58 40 38 1.89 2.01
25 58 62 42 41 2.19 2.17
26-29 236 256 158 176 1.88 1.85
30-34 234 228 163 154 1.94 1.99
35-39 252 245 187 181 2.17 2.23
40-44 236 261 182 210 2.08 2.08
45-49 274 260 220 214 1.83 1.85
50-54 357 379 255 304 3.04 3.10
55-59 299 280 254 228 3.29 3.63
60-64 246 243 199 205 4.68 4.26
65 or Older 255 295 212 249 3.99 3.91
90408
Table 7.33D – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.33 0.32 0.25 0.27 0.68 0.71
12 0.19 0.25 0.10 0.05 * *
13 0.35 0.39 0.16 0.16 * *
14 0.51 0.43 0.28 0.25 3.82 4.13
15 0.60 0.60 0.39 0.34 3.04 2.91
16 0.73 0.67 0.46 0.37 2.39 2.27
17 0.93 0.85 0.61 0.51 2.18 2.18
18 1.09 1.07 0.74 0.76 2.08 2.05
19 1.16 1.14 0.82 0.90 1.96 2.17
20 1.29 1.19 0.92 0.89 2.09 2.04
21 1.26 1.22 0.93 0.93 2.05 1.96
22 1.30 1.23 0.99 0.96 1.96 2.11
23 1.25 1.21 1.01 0.89 2.04 1.95
24 1.30 1.24 0.92 0.92 1.89 2.01
25 1.22 1.29 1.01 0.99 2.19 2.17
26-29 1.17 1.19 0.86 0.93 1.88 1.85
30-34 1.07 1.05 0.81 0.79 1.94 1.99
35-39 0.99 1.03 0.80 0.82 2.17 2.23
40-44 0.95 1.06 0.79 0.88 2.08 2.08
45-49 1.01 1.01 0.86 0.88 1.83 1.85
50-54 1.40 1.54 1.08 1.29 3.04 3.10
55-59 1.43 1.41 1.29 1.20 3.29 3.63
60-64 1.62 1.48 1.39 1.28 4.68 4.26
65 or Older 0.70 0.79 0.59 0.67 3.99 3.91
90408
Table 7.33P – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4816   0.8726   0.3171  
12 0.2953   0.1091   *  
13 0.6441   0.7216   *  
14 0.1578   0.5871   0.7172  
15 0.4770   0.3987   0.5757  
16 0.1683   0.0088   0.0293  
17 0.0139   0.2237   0.7185  
18 0.7330   0.4548   0.5104  
19 0.5118   0.2531   0.3466  
20 0.4921   0.7550   0.9125  
21 0.4183   0.6343   0.9802  
22 0.1255   0.6770   0.5164  
23 0.0304   0.0896   0.6594  
24 0.0486   0.0762   0.5518  
25 0.3037   0.9176   0.4959  
26-29 0.4042   0.2296   0.3883  
30-34 0.4737   0.7933   0.3177  
35-39 0.1176   0.7964   0.2432  
40-44 0.5741   0.8803   0.6538  
45-49 0.5311   0.6005   0.9658  
50-54 0.8648   0.3255   0.2280  
55-59 0.4688   0.2475   0.3200  
60-64 0.6913   0.7540   0.9974  
65 or Older 0.2287   0.3362   0.9844  
90408
Table 7.34C – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 629 672 39 35 117 118 611 648
GENDER                
Male 451 477 30 24 83 83 440 464
Female 407 446 26 27 74 71 396 432
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 604 645 37 32 107 111 587 623
White 551 566 33 30 104 109 582 590
Black or African American 204 228 16 11 45 41 218 250
American Indian or Alaska Native 30 37 * 3 * 5 28 37
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 89 73 5 3 21 14 87 71
Two or More Races 56 107 3 8 11 11 55 106
Hispanic or Latino 178 182 13 14 45 39 172 178
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 355 356 21 19 70 63 343 341
$20,000 - $49,999 404 427 25 20 77 76 390 415
$50,000 - $74,999 278 266 13 13 42 40 274 261
$75,000 or More 289 304 20 18 46 53 281 295
90408
Table 7.34D – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.27 0.15 0.14 0.36 0.36 0.32 0.34
GENDER                
Male 0.37 0.39 0.23 0.19 0.50 0.50 0.48 0.50
Female 0.32 0.35 0.21 0.22 0.46 0.44 0.40 0.43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.30 0.18 0.16 0.40 0.41 0.35 0.37
White 0.33 0.33 0.21 0.20 0.46 0.48 0.40 0.41
Black or African American 0.70 0.77 0.40 0.29 0.83 0.81 0.96 1.05
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.51 3.36 * 2.53 * 2.63 3.26 4.70
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.81 0.65 0.49 0.27 1.37 0.96 1.04 0.82
Two or More Races 1.93 3.02 0.68 1.47 2.41 2.36 2.78 4.20
Hispanic or Latino 0.52 0.52 0.28 0.30 0.77 0.67 0.72 0.72
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.68 0.74 0.47 0.49 0.69 0.72 0.96 1.02
$20,000 - $49,999 0.45 0.48 0.33 0.26 0.61 0.60 0.57 0.61
$50,000 - $74,999 0.58 0.56 0.29 0.28 0.81 0.76 0.73 0.69
$75,000 or More 0.36 0.36 0.23 0.20 0.64 0.70 0.44 0.43
90408
Table 7.34P – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.8726   0.0194   0.7256   0.7619  
GENDER                
Male 0.8957   0.0039   0.9502   0.7928  
Female 0.9196   0.6993   0.6274   0.8659  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8173   0.0129   0.7387   0.7122  
White 0.7912   0.0284   0.9242   0.8183  
Black or African American 0.1978   0.0698   0.9079   0.1725  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5788   *   *   0.4585  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1462   0.3351   0.0093   0.3640  
Two or More Races 0.0719   0.1633   0.9254   0.0739  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9634   0.9465   0.8762   0.9828  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.8809   0.6247   0.8093   0.9732  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.6090   0.0051   0.2223   0.3545  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.9502   0.6173   0.4901   0.9636  
$75,000 or More 0.3684   0.3030   0.0952   0.5262  
120411
Table 7.35C (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 630 673 39 35 118 119 612 648
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 253 263 14 14 49 50 247 260
New England 132 95 6 5 22 24 127 93
Middle Atlantic 216 245 12 12 44 43 212 244
Midwest 285 282 19 18 57 55 277 272
East North Central 226 222 17 15 45 45 218 213
West North Central 170 168 9 10 33 31 164 161
South 407 454 27 23 77 70 392 436
South Atlantic 315 335 21 15 55 56 301 318
East South Central 182 179 11 11 38 27 176 176
West South Central 210 234 14 13 39 38 202 231
West 283 289 19 15 54 55 269 278
Mountain 145 140 10 6 29 29 139 136
Pacific 247 252 16 14 45 46 235 242
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 496 529 27 24 94 92 470 510
Small Metro 411 377 24 22 77 71 389 356
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 357 319 19 18 59 60 333 299
< 250K Pop. 224 213 15 13 53 39 214 202
Nonmetro 320 362 19 18 54 58 300 339
Urbanized 208 228 13 11 35 36 194 215
Less Urbanized 242 272 15 13 41 44 224 251
Completely Rural 110 97 4 7 21 17 98 85
120411
Table 7.35D (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.27 0.15 0.14 0.36 0.36 0.32 0.34
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.55 0.57 0.31 0.31 0.83 0.83 0.70 0.73
New England 1.09 0.79 0.55 0.48 1.43 1.54 1.36 0.99
Middle Atlantic 0.64 0.72 0.36 0.38 1.01 0.98 0.81 0.92
Midwest 0.52 0.51 0.35 0.33 0.79 0.75 0.66 0.64
East North Central 0.59 0.58 0.43 0.40 0.90 0.90 0.74 0.72
West North Central 1.03 1.02 0.53 0.62 1.44 1.37 1.31 1.27
South 0.45 0.50 0.30 0.25 0.66 0.60 0.57 0.62
South Atlantic 0.66 0.70 0.45 0.34 0.93 0.93 0.81 0.85
East South Central 1.24 1.21 0.71 0.72 2.02 1.42 1.55 1.53
West South Central 0.76 0.83 0.46 0.44 1.00 0.96 0.98 1.09
West 0.49 0.50 0.31 0.26 0.69 0.70 0.62 0.63
Mountain 0.84 0.80 0.58 0.36 1.25 1.21 1.06 1.01
Pacific 0.62 0.63 0.37 0.33 0.81 0.84 0.78 0.79
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.34 0.36 0.20 0.18 0.48 0.47 0.43 0.46
Small Metro 0.47 0.46 0.32 0.30 0.69 0.66 0.60 0.57
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.58 0.55 0.37 0.37 0.76 0.84 0.73 0.68
< 250K Pop. 0.81 0.74 0.60 0.48 1.35 1.00 1.06 0.94
Nonmetro 0.65 0.72 0.44 0.41 0.97 1.12 0.81 0.89
Urbanized 1.01 1.09 0.68 0.60 1.52 1.68 1.26 1.37
Less Urbanized 0.98 1.10 0.69 0.59 1.43 1.47 1.24 1.33
Completely Rural 1.73 1.53 0.91 1.64 3.51 3.06 2.07 1.78
120411
Table 7.35P (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9309   0.0244   0.5964   0.7979  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.7409   0.8964   0.8825   0.7795  
New England 0.8969   0.2901   0.6692   0.8029  
Middle Atlantic 0.7612   0.7173   0.7036   0.8511  
Midwest 0.2676   0.6283   0.5524   0.2002  
East North Central 0.4741   0.3859   0.9569   0.4807  
West North Central 0.3609   0.6457   0.2923   0.2142  
South 0.6364   0.0264   0.2022   0.4024  
South Atlantic 0.8716   0.2571   0.5631   0.7485  
East South Central 0.7865   0.4297   0.0143   0.8123  
West South Central 0.3667   0.0502   0.6415   0.3416  
West 0.7650   0.2827   0.9767   0.7215  
Mountain 0.9943   0.2278   0.5639   0.8656  
Pacific 0.7427   0.5872   0.7493   0.7662  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.4665   0.2693   0.6262   0.4058  
Small Metro 0.2469   0.1272   0.7712   0.2440  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.7276   0.2221   0.3698   0.6308  
< 250K Pop. 0.1075   0.3416   0.4898   0.1572  
Nonmetro 0.6807   0.1760   0.6363   0.5298  
Urbanized 0.7639   0.0996   0.6501   0.5801  
Less Urbanized 0.9854   0.2192   0.8916   0.9849  
Completely Rural 0.4153   0.0544   0.3144   0.4045  
90408
Table 7.36C – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2007)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18+
(2007)
Aged 18+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 683 697 398 425 387 409 337 326
AGE                
18-25 128 125 90 86 64 70 47 38
26-34 227 240 155 160 124 140 99 95
35-49 343 357 231 235 201 206 146 155
50 or Older 470 509 251 291 290 310 260 263
GENDER                
Male 484 501 309 329 282 304 220 221
Female 436 472 236 270 269 279 234 237
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 643 677 381 416 376 395 307 315
White 603 608 367 389 349 351 270 277
Black or African American 227 260 96 127 140 166 135 137
Other or Two or More Races 116 148 49 * 78 86 58 59
Hispanic or Latino 190 187 92 90 95 128 130 94
EDUCATION                
< High School 317 344 214 230 172 193 146 167
High School Graduate 428 432 243 252 265 279 204 190
Some College 303 327 180 204 192 191 151 161
College Graduate 217 217 104 125 143 132 126 121
90408
Table 7.36D – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2007)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18+
(2007)
Aged 18+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.71 0.74 1.05 1.07 1.15 1.21 1.54 1.53
AGE                
18-25 0.74 0.78 1.06 1.08 1.12 1.20 1.62 1.46
26-34 1.34 1.38 2.15 2.06 2.27 2.28 2.53 2.72
35-49 1.21 1.19 1.69 1.72 2.02 2.06 2.49 2.45
50 or Older 1.85 1.89 3.21 3.26 2.92 2.98 3.43 3.27
GENDER                
Male 1.01 1.01 1.51 1.42 1.58 1.75 2.18 2.14
Female 1.01 1.09 1.38 1.68 1.72 1.68 2.12 2.29
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.73 0.77 1.07 1.10 1.18 1.26 1.66 1.66
White 0.80 0.82 1.16 1.08 1.27 1.37 1.88 2.01
Black or African American 2.23 2.30 3.26 4.32 3.86 3.69 3.82 3.57
Other or Two or More Races 3.20 3.78 4.55 * 5.42 6.00 4.99 5.08
Hispanic or Latino 2.13 2.24 3.93 3.86 3.20 3.74 4.27 3.61
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.41 1.49 1.79 1.74 2.54 2.48 3.62 4.37
High School Graduate 1.12 1.12 1.57 1.62 1.96 1.83 2.56 2.45
Some College 1.33 1.39 2.08 2.05 2.07 2.35 2.68 2.78
College Graduate 1.92 1.90 2.99 3.21 3.68 3.42 3.47 3.44
90408
Table 7.36P – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2007)
Aged 14 or
Younger
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18+
(2007)
Aged 18+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.3047   0.5076   0.6610   0.6103  
AGE                
18-25 0.9227   0.1440   0.9341   0.2231  
26-34 0.2114   0.8043   0.2223   0.7218  
35-49 0.5835   0.3524   0.9848   0.0249  
50 or Older 0.7833   0.3551   0.7242   0.4592  
GENDER                
Male 0.1447   0.4580   0.6438   0.2015  
Female 0.8608   0.9094   0.9257   0.5426  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4884   0.4438   0.7018   0.4708  
White 0.7078   0.1125   0.3934   0.9135  
Black or African American 0.5809   0.1184   0.7611   0.1891  
Other or Two or More Races 0.5078   *   0.4855   0.5707  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4690   0.6631   0.0286   0.5339  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.7056   0.6567   0.0954   0.5120  
High School Graduate 0.3082   0.7235   0.3839   0.7617  
Some College 0.6236   0.1412   0.1877   0.4367  
College Graduate 0.7795   0.7435   0.8096   0.6716  
90408
Table 7.37C – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily1
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 683 697 278 255 379 429 446 442 105 142
AGE                    
18-25 128 125 51 49 80 79 63 60 31 30
26-34 227 240 89 95 139 144 136 150 59 61
35-49 343 357 161 143 203 219 214 216 43 46
50 or Older 470 509 189 178 247 309 349 344 * *
GENDER                    
Male 484 501 219 199 283 309 300 299 66 130
Female 436 472 156 161 249 286 309 323 82 57
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 643 677 269 244 367 420 420 428 91 113
White 603 608 258 230 346 384 381 370 53 90
Black or African American 227 260 * * 105 143 167 192 70 64
Other or Two or More Races 116 148 * * 62 * 88 78 24 *
Hispanic or Latino 190 187 * * 88 91 146 112 53 87
EDUCATION                    
< High School 317 344 170 155 189 206 177 188 59 101
High School Graduate 428 432 159 148 254 283 269 276 70 64
Some College 303 327 125 119 178 192 209 238 36 26
College Graduate 217 217 * * 91 114 184 167 37 71
90408
Table 7.37D – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily2
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Standard errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, who used cigarettes in past month regardless of whether they ever used cigarettes daily.
2 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.71 0.74 1.42 1.73 1.14 1.19 1.15 1.22 1.13 1.47
AGE                    
18-25 0.74 0.78 1.67 1.52 1.13 1.17 1.40 1.39 0.86 0.82
26-34 1.34 1.38 3.08 2.61 2.35 2.36 2.09 2.20 2.44 2.70
35-49 1.21 1.19 2.08 2.45 1.87 1.91 1.85 1.79 2.12 2.48
50 or Older 1.85 1.89 3.63 4.73 2.99 3.06 2.56 2.72 * *
GENDER                    
Male 1.01 1.01 2.08 2.13 1.61 1.70 1.64 1.70 1.26 2.22
Female 1.01 1.09 1.70 2.81 1.54 1.68 1.67 1.75 2.01 1.52
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.73 0.77 1.41 1.75 1.11 1.20 1.19 1.26 1.32 1.59
White 0.80 0.82 1.51 1.61 1.20 1.18 1.33 1.37 1.18 1.79
Black or African American 2.23 2.30 * * 3.03 5.08 3.36 3.14 4.21 4.40
Other or Two or More Races 3.20 3.78 * * 5.10 * 5.17 4.99 3.27 *
Hispanic or Latino 2.13 2.24 * * 5.17 4.95 3.94 3.82 2.19 3.50
EDUCATION                    
< High School 1.41 1.49 2.38 2.15 2.09 1.92 2.86 3.43 3.63 4.50
High School Graduate 1.12 1.12 1.74 2.94 1.77 1.75 1.89 1.77 2.24 2.38
Some College 1.33 1.39 3.55 3.68 2.01 2.43 2.06 2.15 1.37 1.08
College Graduate 1.92 1.90 * * 4.17 4.88 2.86 2.86 1.95 3.22
90408
Table 7.37P – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily2
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, who used cigarettes in past month regardless of whether they ever used cigarettes daily.
2 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.3047   0.0854   0.3846   0.2694   0.3014  
AGE                    
18-25 0.9227   0.0834   0.2509   0.8334   0.7224  
26-34 0.2114   0.2568   0.8450   0.2524   0.9483  
35-49 0.5835   0.2441   0.5549   0.0868   0.9067  
50 or Older 0.7833   0.0139   0.1816   0.9916   *  
GENDER                    
Male 0.1447   0.2549   0.4631   0.1433   0.0350  
Female 0.8608   0.1694   0.6439   0.9954   0.2282  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4884   0.0779   0.4957   0.2833   0.5969  
White 0.7078   0.3671   0.2281   0.4939   0.2902  
Black or African American 0.5809   *   0.2313   0.2619   0.9535  
Other or Two or More Races 0.5078   *   *   0.9463   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4690   *   0.5278   0.9003   0.3136  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.7056   0.4316   0.2347   0.9849   0.4404  
High School Graduate 0.3082   0.1293   0.4069   0.7545   0.7587  
Some College 0.6236   0.4023   0.1854   0.1286   0.5022  
College Graduate 0.7795   *   0.2584   0.7147   0.5213  
90413
Table 7.38C – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 228 205 119 128 119 117 109 93 66 49
AGE                    
18-25 79 83 55 57 54 52 29 29 18 14
26-34 110 114 55 69 70 73 46 58 25 27
35-49 122 115 80 85 63 59 66 51 17 27
50 or Older 108 68 * 17 57 44 63 40 56 29
GENDER                    
Male 187 160 108 103 98 93 94 76 51 38
Female 109 121 47 71 67 69 54 53 42 32
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 213 190 107 120 112 108 105 88 63 41
White 177 173 92 105 97 96 91 78 44 32
Black or African American 109 83 53 55 46 46 52 38 40 17
Other or Two or More Races 41 33 14 12 30 23 13 10 20 19
Hispanic or Latino 74 76 52 46 39 47 27 30 18 28
EDUCATION                    
< High School 111 87 74 61 64 49 33 23 38 30
High School Graduate 120 122 61 74 67 71 52 55 40 34
Some College 114 110 56 61 63 66 68 56 34 18
College Graduate 82 79 32 51 44 42 58 40 10 8
90413
Table 7.38D – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.10 0.09 0.68 0.69 0.32 0.32 0.25 0.21 0.05 0.04
AGE                    
18-25 0.24 0.25 1.00 0.99 0.63 0.63 0.64 0.59 0.11 0.08
26-34 0.31 0.32 1.61 1.90 0.95 0.93 0.61 0.75 0.14 0.16
35-49 0.19 0.18 1.03 1.02 0.40 0.40 0.55 0.42 0.06 0.09
50 or Older 0.12 0.07 * 1.08 0.85 0.62 0.33 0.20 0.09 0.05
GENDER                    
Male 0.17 0.15 1.05 0.96 0.48 0.45 0.42 0.34 0.09 0.07
Female 0.09 0.10 0.69 0.93 0.40 0.43 0.26 0.24 0.06 0.04
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.11 0.10 0.67 0.72 0.33 0.33 0.27 0.21 0.06 0.04
White 0.11 0.11 0.69 0.76 0.34 0.34 0.27 0.23 0.05 0.04
Black or African American 0.42 0.31 2.70 2.58 1.19 1.13 1.01 0.68 0.27 0.12
Other or Two or More Races 0.31 0.24 2.37 2.14 2.23 1.99 0.78 0.51 0.20 0.18
Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.25 2.67 2.20 1.17 1.25 0.79 0.89 0.08 0.13
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.30 0.25 2.05 1.80 1.29 1.11 0.98 0.66 0.15 0.13
High School Graduate 0.18 0.17 1.05 1.23 0.58 0.61 0.47 0.46 0.10 0.08
Some College 0.20 0.19 1.12 1.19 0.53 0.59 0.56 0.44 0.12 0.06
College Graduate 0.13 0.12 1.08 1.38 0.49 0.44 0.35 0.24 0.03 0.03
90413
Table 7.38P – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9426   0.5367   0.6738   0.1148   0.8601  
AGE                    
18-25 0.6904   0.9145   0.7045   0.4214   0.2774  
26-34 0.1068   0.1503   0.2994   0.9626   0.8320  
35-49 0.8243   0.5796   0.7974   0.3882   0.3485  
50 or Older 0.1357   *   0.7519   0.1203   0.6613  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0815   0.3942   0.2238   0.0788   0.9541  
Female 0.0064   0.0054   0.0188   0.8638   0.7202  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7870   0.4678   0.7206   0.0576   0.6168  
White 0.8862   0.3384   0.5916   0.1938   0.8954  
Black or African American 0.6650   0.9147   0.9975   0.1237   0.4140  
Other or Two or More Races 0.3016   0.5463   0.4102   0.4201   0.8343  
Hispanic or Latino 0.3388   0.8694   0.9214   0.3609   0.4888  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.3216   0.4883   0.3497   0.0884   0.5965  
High School Graduate 0.2194   0.1748   0.1593   0.4757   0.7281  
Some College 0.7010   0.8717   0.8892   0.7952   0.2393  
College Graduate 0.7004   0.1010   0.7729   0.2068   0.4586  
90413
Table 7.39C – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 405 393 239 245 276 262 215 217
AGE                
18-25 116 115 79 81 97 89 46 46
26-34 179 194 104 123 131 137 90 91
35-49 220 213 139 152 146 135 109 99
50 or Older 270 238 146 105 180 164 149 164
GENDER                
Male 352 327 214 199 239 225 183 178
Female 193 219 106 132 139 138 111 123
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 374 359 228 220 258 241 192 203
White 373 337 217 199 237 224 166 157
Black or African American 150 154 63 71 101 79 73 108
Other or Two or More Races 81 90 29 29 53 43 56 69
Hispanic or Latino 152 161 74 108 104 110 95 72
EDUCATION                
< High School 183 143 119 93 99 92 92 60
High School Graduate 233 221 105 119 170 144 120 136
Some College 206 244 105 137 140 163 90 115
College Graduate 239 215 141 116 150 120 118 111
90413
Table 7.39D – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.18 0.17 0.57 0.57 0.36 0.35 0.25 0.25
AGE                
18-25 0.35 0.35 0.82 0.83 0.62 0.57 0.52 0.52
26-34 0.51 0.54 1.25 1.50 1.00 1.04 0.70 0.68
35-49 0.34 0.33 0.90 0.92 0.59 0.57 0.52 0.48
50 or Older 0.30 0.26 1.40 1.00 0.72 0.64 0.35 0.38
GENDER                
Male 0.33 0.30 0.84 0.77 0.57 0.54 0.52 0.49
Female 0.17 0.19 0.68 0.84 0.41 0.40 0.22 0.25
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.19 0.18 0.61 0.58 0.37 0.37 0.26 0.28
White 0.22 0.20 0.66 0.61 0.40 0.39 0.29 0.28
Black or African American 0.54 0.57 1.96 2.04 1.34 1.18 0.67 0.94
Other or Two or More Races 0.61 0.64 2.11 1.85 1.91 1.61 0.95 1.15
Hispanic or Latino 0.51 0.53 1.63 2.20 1.28 1.28 0.87 0.61
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.49 0.42 1.77 1.59 1.00 1.03 0.77 0.54
High School Graduate 0.32 0.31 0.97 1.04 0.71 0.60 0.46 0.51
Some College 0.35 0.40 0.91 1.10 0.66 0.78 0.42 0.54
College Graduate 0.38 0.32 1.19 0.93 0.70 0.57 0.47 0.44
90413
Table 7.39P – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5472   0.4803   0.0899   0.8801  
AGE                
18-25 0.4232   0.1352   0.4416   0.3569  
26-34 0.2666   0.2694   0.9533   0.1963  
35-49 0.2051   0.9344   0.2235   0.1590  
50 or Older 0.4313   0.8472   0.2586   0.9101  
GENDER                
Male 0.0360   0.4334   0.1010   0.2894  
Female 0.0175   0.0076   0.7671   0.1267  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1630   0.8685   0.0527   0.9896  
White 0.1402   0.8833   0.0600   0.8501  
Black or African American 0.6294   0.5240   0.8938   0.7426  
Other or Two or More Races 0.3286   0.2310   0.2625   0.9493  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0886   0.0247   0.8371   0.7894  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.6770   0.2585   0.2164   0.4961  
High School Graduate 0.9909   0.1473   0.0520   0.2546  
Some College 0.6691   0.2380   0.8690   0.9249  
College Graduate 0.2558   0.9660   0.0972   0.6635  
90413
Table 7.40C – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 422 401 235 236 267 258 191 170 91 137
21 to 25 106 113 58 61 71 71 36 38 15 15
26 or Older 385 365 228 227 259 244 188 165 91 136
26 to 49 288 290 181 198 192 197 124 110 71 83
26 to 34 179 194 104 123 131 137 83 82 34 40
35 to 49 220 213 139 152 146 135 90 73 61 72
50 or Older 270 238 146 105 180 164 138 123 56 108
90413
Table 7.40D – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol .
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 0.19 0.18 0.62 0.60 0.38 0.38 0.39 0.35 0.28 0.40
21 to 25 0.46 0.45 1.09 1.10 0.84 0.81 0.77 0.80 0.75 0.72
26 or Older 0.20 0.19 0.68 0.66 0.41 0.40 0.42 0.37 0.30 0.42
26 to 49 0.29 0.29 0.77 0.80 0.51 0.54 0.60 0.55 0.55 0.60
26 to 34 0.51 0.54 1.25 1.50 1.00 1.04 1.09 1.03 0.68 0.73
35 to 49 0.34 0.33 0.90 0.92 0.59 0.57 0.69 0.59 0.78 0.88
50 or Older 0.30 0.26 1.40 1.00 0.72 0.64 0.56 0.50 0.32 0.58
90413
Table 7.40P – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 0.4635   0.5937   0.0916   0.7869   0.4391  
21 to 25 0.6998   0.2354   0.3210   0.3423   0.5971  
26 or Older 0.3970   0.7586   0.1322   0.5892   0.3958  
26 to 49 0.8513   0.5306   0.4037   0.9517   0.9127  
26 to 34 0.2666   0.2694   0.9533   0.2724   0.3500  
35 to 49 0.2051   0.9344   0.2235   0.2223   0.5249  
50 or Older 0.4313   0.8472   0.2586   0.5153   0.2079  
90413
Table 7.41C – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 191 179 104 111 97 98 93 83 57 31
AGE                    
18-25 70 69 47 48 45 45 24 22 10 11
26-34 84 102 45 57 54 63 44 54 15 22
35-49 105 101 70 76 54 44 56 45 17 17
50 or Older 94 54 * 14 49 35 51 36 50 14
GENDER                    
Male 154 133 93 87 77 73 79 65 39 26
Female 100 106 43 64 61 60 46 48 41 18
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 180 167 93 104 92 92 90 78 55 24
White 147 149 78 91 82 82 77 70 36 12
Black or African American 101 71 50 46 41 36 45 34 40 15
Other or Two or More Races 24 30 11 9 12 23 12 8 14 16
Hispanic or Latino 63 63 45 42 34 33 23 28 10 20
EDUCATION                    
< High School 98 66 67 52 59 35 27 20 27 13
High School Graduate 104 104 56 64 49 56 48 50 37 24
Some College 97 95 48 51 52 61 56 47 30 16
College Graduate 63 72 16 47 39 36 47 39 8 6
90413
Table 7.41D – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.09 0.08 0.60 0.61 0.26 0.27 0.22 0.19 0.04 0.02
AGE                    
18-25 0.21 0.21 0.88 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.53 0.47 0.06 0.07
26-34 0.24 0.29 1.36 1.61 0.74 0.81 0.58 0.70 0.09 0.13
35-49 0.16 0.16 0.92 0.92 0.35 0.30 0.47 0.37 0.06 0.06
50 or Older 0.10 0.06 * 0.93 0.74 0.50 0.26 0.18 0.08 0.02
GENDER                    
Male 0.14 0.12 0.93 0.82 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.29 0.07 0.05
Female 0.09 0.09 0.64 0.85 0.36 0.37 0.22 0.22 0.06 0.03
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.09 0.09 0.60 0.64 0.27 0.28 0.23 0.19 0.05 0.02
White 0.09 0.09 0.60 0.67 0.28 0.29 0.23 0.21 0.04 0.01
Black or African American 0.39 0.27 2.63 2.28 1.08 0.86 0.87 0.61 0.26 0.11
Other or Two or More Races 0.18 0.22 1.86 1.46 0.92 1.97 0.68 0.42 0.14 0.16
Hispanic or Latino 0.21 0.21 2.38 1.98 1.03 0.90 0.67 0.84 0.05 0.09
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.27 0.19 1.88 1.51 1.20 0.81 0.78 0.57 0.11 0.05
High School Graduate 0.16 0.15 0.96 1.07 0.44 0.49 0.42 0.42 0.09 0.06
Some College 0.17 0.17 0.98 1.02 0.44 0.54 0.46 0.37 0.10 0.05
College Graduate 0.10 0.11 0.54 1.28 0.43 0.38 0.29 0.24 0.02 0.02
90413
Table 7.41P – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7753   0.6247   0.5224   0.4051   0.4533  
AGE                    
18-25 0.5454   0.2357   0.5557   0.4601   0.7918  
26-34 0.0582   0.3775   0.0818   0.9475   0.4127  
35-49 0.7731   0.8482   0.4085   0.6982   0.7105  
50 or Older 0.1277   *   0.7472   0.3881   0.2683  
GENDER                    
Male 0.2954   0.4808   0.5412   0.2498   0.7559  
Female 0.0507   0.0380   0.0845   0.8115   0.1604  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8560   0.5619   0.3249   0.2559   0.2764  
White 0.5659   0.3071   0.3228   0.4651   0.3147  
Black or African American 0.5265   0.6301   0.7897   0.3030   0.3864  
Other or Two or More Races 0.9528   0.3531   0.5372   0.6936   0.6401  
Hispanic or Latino 0.7223   0.8935   0.3663   0.3814   0.4562  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.1169   0.4639   0.0721   0.3517   0.8702  
High School Graduate 0.1977   0.3442   0.0367   0.6537   0.9816  
Some College 0.9577   0.8240   0.3220   0.7247   0.3153  
College Graduate 0.3603   0.0209   0.8738   0.7240   0.4775  
90413
Table 7.42C – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 281 293 183 172 183 187 130 171
AGE                
18-25 79 79 53 53 60 55 29 26
26-34 116 135 67 86 80 91 50 58
35-49 157 168 108 115 100 103 68 88
50 or Older 196 189 123 72 126 121 88 132
GENDER                
Male 250 252 167 141 159 163 119 151
Female 133 153 78 96 98 94 49 80
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 264 264 174 157 171 169 122 163
White 249 233 166 145 152 154 107 102
Black or African American 110 131 49 51 81 64 46 106
Other or Two or More Races 47 71 18 19 32 24 33 64
Hispanic or Latino 99 127 57 70 73 92 40 55
EDUCATION                
< High School 127 113 102 64 68 77 33 52
High School Graduate 174 169 79 88 123 104 94 105
Some College 132 173 80 97 87 119 55 90
College Graduate 148 146 100 81 93 76 57 83
90413
Table 7.42D – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.13 0.13 0.45 0.41 0.25 0.25 0.16 0.20
AGE                
18-25 0.24 0.24 0.65 0.64 0.43 0.40 0.33 0.30
26-34 0.33 0.38 0.85 1.14 0.65 0.73 0.40 0.44
35-49 0.24 0.26 0.72 0.72 0.42 0.44 0.33 0.43
50 or Older 0.22 0.21 1.20 0.70 0.51 0.47 0.21 0.31
GENDER                
Male 0.23 0.23 0.67 0.56 0.39 0.40 0.35 0.42
Female 0.12 0.13 0.51 0.62 0.30 0.28 0.10 0.17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.14 0.14 0.48 0.43 0.26 0.26 0.17 0.23
White 0.16 0.14 0.52 0.46 0.27 0.27 0.19 0.18
Black or African American 0.41 0.50 1.56 1.50 1.10 0.96 0.43 0.93
Other or Two or More Races 0.36 0.50 1.34 1.17 1.20 0.92 0.56 1.07
Hispanic or Latino 0.34 0.42 1.26 1.50 0.91 1.11 0.37 0.47
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.34 0.33 1.58 1.12 0.69 0.85 0.28 0.46
High School Graduate 0.25 0.24 0.72 0.79 0.54 0.44 0.36 0.40
Some College 0.23 0.29 0.71 0.81 0.43 0.58 0.26 0.42
College Graduate 0.24 0.23 0.86 0.66 0.45 0.36 0.23 0.33
90413
Table 7.42P – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4495   0.9026   0.9319   0.2382  
AGE                
18-25 0.9217   0.4056   0.5014   0.4149  
26-34 0.1283   0.0318   0.8046   0.6044  
35-49 0.8964   0.4482   0.6677   0.9760  
50 or Older 0.6627   0.4717   0.9732   0.1479  
GENDER                
Male 0.8633   0.4358   0.9195   0.6459  
Female 0.0684   0.1162   0.9027   0.1378  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9324   0.8700   0.8102   0.5212  
White 0.8117   0.9529   0.9003   0.6831  
Black or African American 0.3834   0.8814   0.7560   0.2358  
Other or Two or More Races 0.7059   0.1968   0.2346   0.5285  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0848   0.4545   0.4956   0.0732  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.7565   0.0565   0.0431   0.2007  
High School Graduate 0.6992   0.1042   0.2268   0.4431  
Some College 0.6220   0.9121   0.4984   0.8113  
College Graduate 0.7157   0.4804   0.5941   0.7264  
90413
Table 7.43C – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 282 293 180 166 181 183 115 114 52 127
21 to 25 66 66 41 40 43 43 22 22 8 9
26 or Older 270 279 176 162 174 175 113 111 51 127
26 to 49 201 216 133 145 127 145 71 79 51 68
26 to 34 116 135 67 86 80 91 42 50 27 29
35 to 49 157 168 108 115 100 103 52 62 43 62
50 or Older 196 189 123 72 126 121 88 78 4 106
90413
Table 7.43D – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Standard Errors in the Total column correspond to percentages among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol .
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 0.13 0.13 0.48 0.43 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.24 0.16 0.37
21 to 25 0.31 0.30 0.88 0.83 0.57 0.56 0.51 0.49 0.42 0.45
26 or Older 0.14 0.15 0.54 0.48 0.29 0.29 0.25 0.26 0.17 0.39
26 to 49 0.20 0.22 0.59 0.61 0.35 0.40 0.35 0.40 0.40 0.50
26 to 34 0.33 0.38 0.85 1.14 0.65 0.73 0.57 0.65 0.53 0.53
35 to 49 0.24 0.26 0.72 0.72 0.42 0.44 0.41 0.51 0.56 0.76
50 or Older 0.22 0.21 1.20 0.70 0.51 0.47 0.36 0.33 0.02 0.57
90413
Table 7.43P – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 P values in the Total column correspond to tests of differences of percentages among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
21 OR OLDER 0.4951   0.9261   0.9212   0.8715   0.0673  
21 to 25 0.5470   0.8671   0.3412   0.6354   0.8600  
26 or Older 0.4050   0.9009   0.7515   0.8295   0.0684  
26 to 49 0.4108   0.6409   0.6056   0.3742   0.5976  
26 to 34 0.1283   0.0318   0.8046   0.4040   0.7766  
35 to 49 0.8964   0.4482   0.6677   0.6347   0.6544  
50 or Older 0.6627   0.4717   0.9732   0.6164   0.0050  
90327
Table 7.44C – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 506 510 82 82 211 207 428 443
Bought It 302 324 42 47 105 112 280 295
Traded for It 63 50 8 8 22 14 59 50
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 361 353 65 65 158 143 309 306
Grew It Yourself 35 43 6 6 12 15 30 40
Method Unspecified 60 63 17 16 21 20 52 56
90327
Table 7.44D – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Bought It 0.88 0.89 1.07 1.19 0.91 0.84 1.61 1.56
Traded for It 0.25 0.19 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.15 0.45 0.37
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 0.89 0.90 1.16 1.23 0.91 0.85 1.60 1.59
Grew It Yourself 0.14 0.16 0.20 0.18 0.14 0.16 0.23 0.29
Method Unspecified 0.24 0.24 0.54 0.49 0.24 0.22 0.40 0.42
90327
Table 7.44P – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS N/A   N/A   N/A   N/A  
Bought It 0.0347   0.8222   0.0102   0.1886  
Traded for It 0.2982   0.5345   0.1174   0.6375  
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 0.0563   0.8644   0.0109   0.2671  
Grew It Yourself 0.5708   0.8830   0.3346   0.8209  
Method Unspecified 0.9487   0.7425   0.4966   0.6633  
90327
Table 7.45C – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
302 324 42 47 105 112 280 295
SOURCE                
Friend 252 281 36 41 87 94 236 259
Relative or Family Member 72 90 9 7 24 15 68 89
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 126 112 15 19 41 41 115 103
Source Unspecified 56 54 7 8 17 19 55 49
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 69 72 6 8 24 24 64 67
Outside in Public Area2 133 139 26 30 45 48 120 125
Inside School Building 18 19 12 12 7 10 10 11
Outside on School Property 18 15 9 10 11 11 12 5
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 233 245 27 28 76 83 218 225
Some Other Place3 24 60 5 4 12 8 20 59
Location Unspecified4 107 92 13 14 32 31 104 85
90327
Table 7.45D – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SOURCE                
Friend 1.27 1.22 1.62 1.92 1.19 1.07 2.18 2.06
Relative or Family Member 0.68 0.79 0.84 0.66 0.66 0.39 1.15 1.37
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 1.10 0.90 1.42 1.72 1.02 0.94 1.84 1.49
Source Unspecified 0.54 0.48 0.70 0.73 0.49 0.47 0.94 0.77
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 0.65 0.63 0.64 0.76 0.67 0.59 1.09 1.04
Outside in Public Area2 1.15 1.09 2.13 2.25 1.09 1.08 1.90 1.76
Inside School Building 0.18 0.17 1.14 1.14 0.19 0.24 0.18 0.17
Outside on School Property 0.18 0.13 0.86 0.94 0.31 0.28 0.21 0.08
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 1.42 1.33 2.14 2.17 1.36 1.26 2.38 2.18
Some Other Place3 0.23 0.53 0.48 0.43 0.34 0.21 0.35 0.92
Location Unspecified4 0.98 0.78 1.23 1.29 0.85 0.78 1.68 1.26
90327
Table 7.45P – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
N/A   N/A   N/A   N/A  
SOURCE                
Friend 0.4697   0.7707   0.3873   0.6022  
Relative or Family Member 0.4914   0.3751   0.0478   0.8929  
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 0.9782   0.3012   0.8288   0.8306  
Source Unspecified 0.4160   0.5219   0.7773   0.5031  
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 0.7661   0.2769   0.7069   0.9705  
Outside in Public Area2 0.6281   0.4656   0.3195   0.9188  
Inside School Building 1.0000   0.4671   0.0525   0.7210  
Outside on School Property 0.2332   0.9382   0.7125   0.1087  
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 0.4916   0.7430   0.8199   0.5312  
Some Other Place3 0.4637   0.4179   0.1246   0.2227  
Location Unspecified4 0.0376   0.6904   0.0655   0.1287  
90327
Table 7.46C – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Free Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 Respondents with unknown location data were excluded.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA1
307 307 52 57 121 115 272 275
SOURCE                
Friend 272 263 47 49 112 103 240 233
Relative or Family Member 94 114 16 17 24 30 90 111
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 84 62 11 12 22 21 80 57
Source Unspecified 29 38 11 12 11 10 23 35
LOCATION2                
Inside Public Building3 54 38 10 5 20 18 49 33
Outside in Public Area4 85 102 24 28 38 35 72 89
Inside School Building 10 10 7 8 7 6 * *
Outside on School Property 16 25 9 11 12 10 5 21
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 256 268 39 40 105 99 226 245
Some Other Place5 49 33 6 6 10 10 48 30
Location Unspecified6 121 78 18 17 26 23 117 72
90327
Table 7.46D – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source and Location of Free Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 Respondents with unknown location data were excluded.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA1
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SOURCE                
Friend 1.13 1.15 1.52 1.52 0.85 1.01 2.04 2.15
Relative or Family Member 0.86 1.05 1.12 1.11 0.65 0.82 1.59 2.00
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 0.78 0.58 0.82 0.80 0.57 0.56 1.43 1.05
Source Unspecified 0.29 0.38 0.78 0.81 0.29 0.28 0.43 0.68
LOCATION2                
Inside Public Building3 0.51 0.38 0.70 0.38 0.54 0.53 0.91 0.65
Outside in Public Area4 0.81 0.96 1.54 1.64 0.97 0.96 1.34 1.67
Inside School Building 0.10 0.11 0.49 0.56 0.20 0.17 * *
Outside on School Property 0.16 0.25 0.67 0.72 0.32 0.28 0.10 0.42
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 1.37 1.23 1.94 1.88 1.29 1.25 2.42 2.13
Some Other Place5 0.47 0.33 0.41 0.44 0.27 0.29 0.89 0.59
Location Unspecified6 1.10 0.76 1.28 1.14 0.69 0.63 2.01 1.38
90327
Table 7.46P – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source and Location of Free Marijuana Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2007)
Aged 26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 Respondents with unknown location data were excluded.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room).
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA1
N/A   N/A   N/A   N/A  
SOURCE                
Friend 0.3576   0.5082   0.3658   0.5617  
Relative or Family Member 0.0423   0.9518   0.1220   0.0932  
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 0.0877   0.8011   0.5377   0.0966  
Source Unspecified 0.4525   0.3609   0.8530   0.6853  
LOCATION2                
Inside Public Building3 0.0145   0.2389   0.5442   0.0316  
Outside in Public Area4 0.3405   0.0493   0.8096   0.6330  
Inside School Building 0.6237   0.4003   0.7003   *  
Outside on School Property 0.2684   0.5460   0.6188   0.1992  
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 0.3373   0.1037   0.7901   0.1419  
Some Other Place5 0.5733   0.4884   0.4020   0.3664  
Location Unspecified6 0.2887   0.6344   0.7707   0.2540  
90413
Table 7.47C – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 105 93 17 15 26 26 100 89
From More Than One Doctor 33 36 6 5 8 9 31 35
Wrote Fake Prescription 6 11 1 1 3 3 5 10
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
11 11 3 3 3 7 10 8
From Friend or Relative for Free 156 159 24 25 56 58 142 142
Bought from Friend or Relative 58 50 10 11 25 25 52 42
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
41 41 11 12 16 16 36 36
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
40 42 8 8 15 15 36 38
Bought on the Internet 11 14 1 1 3 3 11 14
Some Other Way 39 43 10 9 15 13 34 38
90413
Table 7.47D – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.77 0.76 1.04 1.02 0.63 0.65 1.31 1.31
From More Than One Doctor 0.28 0.32 0.41 0.40 0.22 0.23 0.48 0.55
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.05 0.10 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.17
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.09 0.10 0.20 0.23 0.08 0.18 0.16 0.13
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.90 0.94 1.22 1.28 0.88 0.95 1.52 1.56
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.49 0.44 0.68 0.75 0.61 0.64 0.80 0.68
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.35 0.36 0.68 0.81 0.42 0.40 0.56 0.58
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.35 0.37 0.54 0.54 0.39 0.41 0.57 0.62
Bought on the Internet 0.10 0.13 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.17 0.23
Some Other Way 0.33 0.37 0.66 0.61 0.40 0.36 0.53 0.61
90413
Table 7.47P – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.4346   0.3299   0.6723   0.4644  
From More Than One Doctor 0.2688   0.6231   0.6297   0.2033  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3608   0.7231   0.6951   0.3002  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.1707   0.3420   0.0055   0.9360  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.8171   0.5921   0.5002   0.9566  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.6420   0.4622   0.9288   0.4248  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.8174   0.0104   0.1660   0.8909  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.3025   0.8666   0.1015   0.7772  
Bought on the Internet 0.2002   0.3266   0.9753   0.2396  
Some Other Way 0.9974   0.0037   0.6846   0.5099  
90413
Table 7.48C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 136 141 17 17 42 46 129 130
From More Than One Doctor 24 22 4 4 7 8 22 20
Wrote Fake Prescription 4 2 0 0 3 2 3 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
14 14 3 2 2 3 14 13
From Friend or Relative for Free 35 30 8 8 14 13 31 26
Bought from Friend or Relative 24 21 5 5 12 11 20 16
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
10 9 6 5 5 5 6 5
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
16 14 4 4 9 8 13 11
Bought on the Internet 1 4 0 0 1 2 * 3
Some Other Way 13 8 5 4 4 5 11 5
90413
Table 7.48D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.93 0.89 2.03 2.03 1.07 1.12 1.37 1.25
From More Than One Doctor 0.41 0.40 0.76 0.82 0.39 0.44 0.65 0.62
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.14 0.11 0.09 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.25 0.25 0.52 0.47 0.11 0.16 0.41 0.41
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.58 0.53 1.37 1.42 0.70 0.70 0.90 0.78
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.41 0.38 0.91 0.89 0.62 0.62 0.59 0.51
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.18 0.16 1.07 0.96 0.28 0.28 0.18 0.15
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.28 0.26 0.77 0.77 0.46 0.43 0.38 0.34
Bought on the Internet 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.09 * 0.10
Some Other Way 0.22 0.15 0.88 0.79 0.24 0.29 0.32 0.16
90413
Table 7.48P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.3532   0.5583   0.6340   0.2690  
From More Than One Doctor 0.4491   0.4035   0.4603   0.6744  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.1870   0.3787   0.3523   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.8210   0.5261   0.2122   0.4459  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.1662   0.8833   0.8400   0.1235  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.4502   0.7797   0.6817   0.5808  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.3179   0.8902   0.7718   0.1562  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.7328   0.8183   0.6260   0.4944  
Bought on the Internet 0.0961   0.1818   0.1369   *  
Some Other Way 0.1949   0.1005   0.6835   0.2513  
90413
Table 7.49C – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 80 79 12 11 20 19 78 75
From More Than One Doctor 35 38 5 4 9 9 34 36
Wrote Fake Prescription 10 6 1 1 3 3 9 5
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
13 10 3 3 4 4 12 8
From Friend or Relative for Free 100 100 16 15 35 34 94 91
Bought from Friend or Relative 55 56 11 9 25 24 48 50
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
37 39 9 9 16 15 33 36
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
43 40 7 7 16 17 40 36
Bought on the Internet 12 14 2 2 4 4 11 13
Some Other Way 30 26 8 6 11 10 27 23
90413
Table 7.49D – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1.37 1.42 1.80 1.88 1.19 1.22 2.27 2.35
From More Than One Doctor 0.72 0.82 0.84 0.82 0.59 0.66 1.21 1.35
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.21 0.14 0.23 0.19 0.22 0.23 0.34 0.20
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.27 0.21 0.51 0.63 0.28 0.31 0.43 0.31
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.51 1.53 2.06 2.11 1.41 1.45 2.47 2.49
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.10 1.16 1.66 1.60 1.42 1.47 1.66 1.78
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.80 0.85 1.40 1.68 1.02 0.98 1.21 1.34
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.88 0.86 1.26 1.32 1.02 1.10 1.41 1.34
Bought on the Internet 0.25 0.31 0.36 0.38 0.25 0.29 0.41 0.51
Some Other Way 0.64 0.58 1.40 1.24 0.79 0.75 1.00 0.88
90413
Table 7.49P – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.3687   0.7392   0.6572   0.4387  
From More Than One Doctor 0.1815   0.8645   0.6227   0.2130  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3794   0.9308   0.7967   0.3186  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.7965   0.0605   0.2639   0.6367  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.2489   0.2432   0.5940   0.2230  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.2714   0.5481   0.5342   0.1028  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.0939   0.0286   0.8153   0.1332  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.1652   0.4026   0.1640   0.4060  
Bought on the Internet 0.4733   0.4852   0.3144   0.6494  
Some Other Way 0.0914   0.0187   0.6811   0.3190  
90413
Table 7.50C – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 86 84 11 10 28 27 83 79
From More Than One Doctor 30 27 5 5 10 10 27 25
Wrote Fake Prescription 15 9 1 2 3 3 14 8
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
19 16 2 3 4 4 18 15
From Friend or Relative for Free 36 34 7 6 14 13 32 31
Bought from Friend or Relative 27 27 6 5 14 14 22 23
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
13 15 6 5 7 6 9 14
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
18 18 5 5 11 10 14 15
Bought on the Internet 6 7 1 1 4 4 5 5
Some Other Way 10 14 4 3 5 4 8 12
90413
Table 7.50D – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1.53 1.58 3.01 2.93 1.64 1.72 2.33 2.39
From More Than One Doctor 1.16 1.10 1.92 2.19 1.14 1.21 1.84 1.72
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.59 0.37 0.55 0.79 0.35 0.44 0.99 0.56
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.74 0.66 0.95 1.33 0.43 0.55 1.24 1.07
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.35 1.39 2.50 2.67 1.52 1.56 2.10 2.13
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.05 1.14 2.20 2.24 1.52 1.62 1.50 1.67
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.52 0.64 2.37 2.10 0.82 0.72 0.62 0.98
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.74 0.75 1.91 2.19 1.28 1.26 0.96 1.05
Bought on the Internet 0.27 0.29 0.37 0.68 0.49 0.56 0.36 0.36
Some Other Way 0.43 0.58 1.74 1.42 0.69 0.56 0.55 0.90
90413
Table 7.50P – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.5277   0.1988   0.4728   0.3491  
From More Than One Doctor 0.5830   0.2237   0.4211   0.8610  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2834   0.5955   0.0234   0.1263  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.8522   0.0591   0.2004   0.4273  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.7231   0.3845   0.6978   0.7371  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.2622   0.8723   0.5145   0.2554  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.8829   0.2789   0.4052   0.3060  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.2982   0.0794   0.6458   0.5147  
Bought on the Internet 0.4643   0.1157   0.5571   0.9901  
Some Other Way 0.4454   0.5711   0.2741   0.1026  
90413
Table 7.51C – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 48 43 5 4 13 10 46 41
From More Than One Doctor 14 14 2 2 5 5 13 12
Wrote Fake Prescription 10 3 2 2 2 2 9 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
9 5 1 2 3 4 9 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 114 111 13 13 34 35 106 105
Bought from Friend or Relative 41 44 8 9 20 21 33 37
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
40 45 5 6 10 10 38 43
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
30 23 7 6 14 13 25 18
Bought on the Internet 12 43 1 1 3 2 12 43
Some Other Way 27 32 4 4 10 10 25 30
90413
Table 7.51D – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.96 0.87 1.34 1.11 0.74 0.64 1.57 1.42
From More Than One Doctor 0.28 0.28 0.49 0.54 0.29 0.33 0.45 0.44
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.20 0.06 0.48 0.45 0.14 0.13 0.33 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.20 0.09 0.32 0.42 0.21 0.26 0.31 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.47 1.54 2.46 2.36 1.40 1.46 2.29 2.45
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.81 0.88 1.91 1.90 1.08 1.13 1.14 1.28
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.81 0.91 1.33 1.43 0.63 0.63 1.33 1.48
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.62 0.48 1.77 1.55 0.82 0.77 0.87 0.63
Bought on the Internet 0.26 0.87 0.32 0.36 0.18 0.12 0.43 1.48
Some Other Way 0.55 0.64 1.06 0.89 0.59 0.63 0.87 1.03
90413
Table 7.51P – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.1823   0.4255   0.1014   0.4259  
From More Than One Doctor 0.6779   0.9972   0.3622   0.9757  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3142   0.8480   0.6598   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.5517   0.6436   0.4241   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.3615   0.5468   0.9747   0.2726  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.0450   0.8703   0.5336   0.0324  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.2434   0.5041   0.6903   0.3127  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.2425   0.4495   0.6892   0.3440  
Bought on the Internet 0.1631   0.6982   0.1044   0.1349  
Some Other Way 0.9627   0.3191   0.4420   0.9532  
90413
Table 7.52C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 99 91 7 7 25 25 95 88
From More Than One Doctor 11 17 2 3 5 5 10 16
Wrote Fake Prescription 1 1 * 0 1 1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
5 4 * 0 2 3 5 3
From Friend or Relative for Free 29 32 5 5 12 13 26 29
Bought from Friend or Relative 19 19 4 4 9 11 16 15
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
8 9 3 4 4 3 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
14 12 3 2 5 5 13 11
Bought on the Internet 7 3 0 0 2 3 7 0
Some Other Way 13 14 2 2 5 5 11 13
90413
Table 7.52D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1.49 1.62 3.91 3.80 1.85 1.99 1.96 2.22
From More Than One Doctor 0.44 0.67 1.34 2.26 0.72 0.64 0.56 0.96
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.03 0.04 * 0.26 0.11 0.11 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.19 0.17 * 0.29 0.23 0.43 0.28 0.17
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.06 1.18 3.43 3.06 1.46 1.53 1.43 1.66
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.71 0.73 2.72 2.49 1.13 1.31 0.90 0.88
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.31 0.33 2.37 2.74 0.46 0.46 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.53 0.47 2.29 1.61 0.64 0.60 0.72 0.67
Bought on the Internet 0.26 0.10 0.22 0.20 0.33 0.34 0.37 0.03
Some Other Way 0.48 0.55 1.22 1.58 0.61 0.59 0.64 0.77
90413
Table 7.52P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.1153   0.5862   0.8454   0.1835  
From More Than One Doctor 0.0619   0.2302   0.2964   0.0394  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2509   *   0.3231   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.9887   *   0.2873   0.3381  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.2191   0.1648   0.8398   0.1439  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.9127   0.7235   0.1876   0.4312  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.2614   0.0256   0.4195   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.0686   0.0302   0.2774   0.3172  
Bought on the Internet 0.3000   0.4608   0.7198   0.3183  
Some Other Way 0.2216   0.5955   0.9288   0.2731  
90413
Table 7.53C – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 33 31 3 3 8 7 31 29
From More Than One Doctor 11 12 * * 3 3 10 11
Wrote Fake Prescription 9 2 1 * 2 2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
9 3 0 * 3 3 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 65 68 7 8 19 19 61 65
Bought from Friend or Relative 27 30 5 4 14 14 23 27
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
23 24 3 4 9 8 21 22
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
31 27 4 4 10 10 29 25
Bought on the Internet 12 24 1 1 3 2 11 *
Some Other Way 14 11 2 2 5 5 13 10
90413
Table 7.53D – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1.84 1.74 2.81 2.19 1.37 1.30 2.95 2.66
From More Than One Doctor 0.65 0.70 * * 0.53 0.60 1.06 1.10
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.58 0.12 1.18 * 0.40 0.39 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.55 0.20 0.10 * 0.50 0.58 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2.46 2.37 4.55 4.31 2.39 2.48 3.89 3.68
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.60 1.74 3.85 3.12 2.06 2.26 2.27 2.53
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.33 1.35 2.88 2.72 1.45 1.41 2.07 2.08
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.74 1.55 3.47 2.71 1.63 1.73 2.77 2.35
Bought on the Internet 0.71 1.43 0.83 1.10 0.49 0.37 1.15 *
Some Other Way 0.84 0.69 2.06 1.56 0.93 0.87 1.29 1.01
90413
Table 7.53P – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.6197   0.4497   0.1571   0.9320  
From More Than One Doctor 0.3966   *   0.8200   0.4613  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2055   *   0.4081   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4985   *   0.2572   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.3027   0.6048   0.4556   0.4948  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.3232   0.0737   0.9625   0.0544  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.7158   0.9588   0.8880   0.5757  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.9963   0.2728   0.8347   0.8837  
Bought on the Internet 0.3789   0.2543   0.1769   *  
Some Other Way 0.1677   0.7573   0.6621   0.2175  
90413
Table 7.54C – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 53 55 * * 15 14 50 54
From More Than One Doctor 21 24 * * 4 5 * 23
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
2 1 * * 2 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 14 17 * * 8 10 12 13
Bought from Friend or Relative 12 11 * * 5 7 11 8
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
5 7 * * 3 3 4 6
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
10 13 * * 4 4 9 13
Bought on the Internet 7 1 * * 2 1 * 0
Some Other Way 3 10 * * 1 3 2 10
90413
Table 7.54D – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2.85 2.77 * * 2.95 3.44 4.01 3.76
From More Than One Doctor 2.28 2.35 * * 1.53 1.80 * 3.41
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0.02 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.22 0.15 * * 0.72 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.64 1.77 * * 2.71 3.24 2.05 2.04
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.45 1.18 * * 1.99 2.57 1.87 1.27
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.64 0.73 * * 1.03 1.03 0.67 0.88
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.10 1.34 * * 1.68 1.55 1.45 1.91
Bought on the Internet 0.78 0.08 * * 0.66 0.30 * 0.01
Some Other Way 0.37 1.10 * * 0.46 1.05 0.44 1.57
90413
Table 7.54P – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.9912   *   0.0858   0.5549  
From More Than One Doctor 0.1109   *   0.1741   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.1945   *   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.8181   *   0.4379   0.8678  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.8371   *   0.3946   0.3098  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.9652   *   0.5749   0.6693  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.9775   *   0.4063   0.5355  
Bought on the Internet 0.1947   *   0.3395   *  
Some Other Way 0.1172   *   0.1288   0.1745  
90413
Table 7.55C – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 28 27 7 4 10 8 25 25
From More Than One Doctor 5 6 2 2 2 4 4 *
Wrote Fake Prescription 7 3 1 2 2 2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
6 6 2 2 3 4 4 4
From Friend or Relative for Free 70 58 11 11 28 25 62 51
Bought from Friend or Relative 22 28 6 6 16 18 14 20
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
18 16 5 5 8 7 16 14
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
16 16 5 4 8 9 12 13
Bought on the Internet 17 15 2 1 3 4 17 14
Some Other Way 19 11 4 3 4 5 19 9
90413
Table 7.55D – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 1.24 1.32 1.92 1.53 1.07 0.94 2.52 2.78
From More Than One Doctor 0.24 0.32 0.53 0.60 0.28 0.44 0.45 *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.34 0.13 0.40 0.65 0.19 0.22 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.26 0.30 0.71 0.72 0.36 0.44 0.43 0.48
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.97 1.92 2.55 2.83 1.83 1.90 3.99 3.87
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.03 1.30 1.76 1.98 1.49 1.75 1.57 2.30
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.84 0.79 1.54 1.60 0.85 0.77 1.67 1.60
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.73 0.80 1.40 1.51 0.88 1.10 1.31 1.47
Bought on the Internet 0.79 0.77 0.48 0.19 0.34 0.50 1.77 1.64
Some Other Way 0.88 0.55 1.18 1.20 0.42 0.59 2.00 1.06
90413
Table 7.55P – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.9772   0.0814   0.5702   0.4152  
From More Than One Doctor 0.7011   0.6146   0.2717   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.5179   0.4986   0.1408   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.8148   0.4665   0.3807   0.3565  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.1980   0.3994   0.0478   0.4787  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.0006   0.5532   0.1431   0.0012  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.6201   0.9238   0.2595   0.9700  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.0791   0.4581   0.1185   0.4189  
Bought on the Internet 0.1226   0.2069   0.4993   0.0952  
Some Other Way 0.1199   0.5716   0.8619   0.1297  
90413
Table 7.56C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 49 43 8 9 23 22 * *
From More Than One Doctor 6 7 3 3 4 3 3 5
Wrote Fake Prescription 0 0 0 0 * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
2 1 * 0 1 1 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 22 23 3 3 8 7 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 28 11 3 4 5 5 * 9
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
3 3 3 3 2 1 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
3 3 2 2 3 2 1 *
Bought on the Internet 5 4 1 * 3 2 5 *
Some Other Way 3 4 1 0 0 1 3 3
90413
Table 7.56D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2.89 2.61 4.34 4.72 2.21 2.40 * *
From More Than One Doctor 0.60 0.76 2.60 2.59 0.89 0.86 0.69 1.26
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.07 * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.15 0.11 * 0.43 0.19 0.21 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2.02 2.35 2.57 2.68 1.62 1.75 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 2.49 1.19 2.30 3.11 1.14 1.37 * 2.18
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.33 0.35 2.37 2.42 0.37 0.35 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.33 0.30 1.51 1.62 0.57 0.48 0.25 *
Bought on the Internet 0.53 0.46 0.78 * 0.57 0.48 1.01 *
Some Other Way 0.33 0.41 0.45 0.32 0.09 0.34 0.72 0.87
90413
Table 7.56P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.1245   0.9496   0.8314   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.6624   0.4380   0.7552   0.2624  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3630   0.4803   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.7509   *   0.3671   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.7984   0.3012   0.7443   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.1455   0.0308   0.5908   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.6683   0.7071   0.9364   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.4961   0.9701   0.5911   *  
Bought on the Internet 0.0728   *   0.1538   *  
Some Other Way 0.1240   0.4025   0.2645   0.1629  
90413
Table 7.57C – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 18 17 5 3 7 6 * *
From More Than One Doctor 6 7 2 1 4 5 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 2 2 1 2 * 2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
5 5 2 1 2 3 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 38 37 5 5 15 12 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 15 20 3 4 12 12 9 15
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
16 13 3 3 7 6 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
11 12 3 3 7 7 * 9
Bought on the Internet 13 13 * * 5 4 * *
Some Other Way 13 4 2 2 2 2 * *
80317
Table 7.57D – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2.34 2.42 3.92 3.38 2.20 2.30 * *
From More Than One Doctor 0.78 1.05 1.86 1.69 1.51 1.84 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.25 0.36 0.97 1.98 * 0.62 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.67 0.74 1.68 1.16 0.71 1.04 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 3.50 3.56 4.36 4.47 3.30 3.41 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 2.16 2.79 2.97 3.76 3.40 3.61 2.61 4.63
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
2.13 1.79 2.54 3.38 2.40 2.01 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.49 1.74 2.64 3.02 2.41 2.53 * 2.77
Bought on the Internet 1.78 1.90 * * 1.60 1.63 * *
Some Other Way 1.85 0.60 1.90 2.38 0.79 0.85 * *
80317
Table 7.57P – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.4282   0.1256   0.6180   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.5355   0.8194   0.3611   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2033   0.3379   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.7405   0.5994   0.4868   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.8218   0.9264   0.0270   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.0086   0.0088   0.9160   0.0077  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.2873   0.0633   0.1978   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.1252   0.3842   0.3622   *  
Bought on the Internet 0.3999   *   0.9413   *  
Some Other Way 0.1342   0.2002   0.9796   *  
90413
Table 7.58C – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * 13 11 * *
From More Than One Doctor 3 4 * * 2 2 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 2 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
1 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * 6 5 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * 4 3 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
2 5 * * 2 2 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
8 7 * * 4 2 * *
Bought on the Internet 5 4 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 3 5 * * 0 * * *
90413
Table 7.58D – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * 3.74 4.03 * *
From More Than One Doctor 0.96 1.15 * * 1.56 1.90 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.54 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.30 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * 3.75 3.66 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * 2.88 2.27 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.72 1.49 * * 1.54 1.51 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
2.37 2.12 * * 2.29 1.71 * *
Bought on the Internet 1.39 1.38 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 1.01 1.66 * * 0.27 * * *
90413
Table 7.58P – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor *   *   0.7305   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.6700   *   0.4443   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
*   *   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free *   *   0.4442   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative *   *   0.0785   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.5021   *   0.6626   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.5831   *   0.0469   *  
Bought on the Internet 0.4623   *   *   *  
Some Other Way 0.4643   *   *   *  
90413
Table 7.59C – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Methamphetamine
Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 53 35 8 6 20 14 50 31
Bought from Friend or Relative 40 37 5 4 11 9 38 35
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
7 6 2 2 4 3 6 4
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
38 32 5 3 11 9 36 30
Bought on the Internet 9 4 * * 1 0 * *
Some Other Way 9 9 1 1 4 3 * 9
90413
Table 7.59D – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006�