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90413
Table 7.60C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Methamphetamine from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Methamphetamine1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's most recent use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 20 17 4 * 9 8 17 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 33 20 * * 10 7 30 *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
4 2 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
29 17 * * 11 7 * *
Bought on the Internet 0 * 0 * * * * *
Some Other Way 5 5 * * 3 3 4 *
90413
Table 7.60D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Methamphetamine from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's most recent use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 2.92 4.32 5.48 * 3.65 4.85 4.44 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 3.83 4.26 * * 4.41 4.35 6.02 *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.72 0.70 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
4.01 4.27 * * 4.49 4.56 * *
Bought on the Internet 0.02 * 0.22 * * * * *
Some Other Way 0.89 1.33 * * 1.74 2.38 1.13 *
90413
Table 7.60P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Methamphetamine from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's most recent use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.0099   *   0.1032   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.1861   *   0.5434   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.8412   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.3048   *   0.2381   *  
Bought on the Internet *   *   *   *  
Some Other Way 0.5109   *   0.6249   *  
90413
Table 7.61C – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month
Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 39 * * * 10 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 36 * * * 8 5 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
12 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
33 * * * 8 * * *
Bought on the Internet 1 0 * * 1 * * *
Some Other Way 6 7 * * 3 2 4 *
90413
Table 7.61D – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month
Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free 5.10 * * * 6.00 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 4.91 * * * 5.33 5.26 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
2.15 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
4.79 * * * 4.88 * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.13 0.03 * * 0.41 * * *
Some Other Way 1.07 1.99 * * 2.40 2.12 1.03 *
90413
Table 7.61P – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month
Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free *   *   *   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative *   *   0.2605   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
*   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
*   *   *   *  
Bought on the Internet 0.2042   *   *   *  
Some Other Way 0.1284   *   0.9566   *  
90413
Table 7.62C – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
3 3 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 3 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.62D – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1.16 1.74 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 1.15 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.62P – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From Friend or Relative for Free *   *   *   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative *   *   *   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.5880   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
*   *   *   *  
Bought on the Internet *   *   *   *  
Some Other Way *   *   *   *  
90413
Table 7.63C – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 32 21 4 3 5 4 32 *
From More Than One Doctor 4 9 2 1 2 * 4 9
Wrote Fake Prescription 5 5 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
4 4 * 1 1 2 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 55 49 5 6 10 12 53 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 21 9 3 3 5 5 * 7
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
6 6 2 3 4 3 4 3
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
9 10 2 3 3 2 8 9
Bought on the Internet 3 2 1 * * 0 * *
Some Other Way 7 8 2 2 2 2 7 8
90413
Table 7.63D – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 3.66 3.04 4.37 3.05 2.75 2.21 5.10 *
From More Than One Doctor 0.54 1.27 1.98 1.73 1.22 * 0.62 1.94
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.59 0.73 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.45 0.63 * 0.62 0.39 1.41 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 4.26 3.98 5.06 5.09 4.23 4.01 5.87 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 2.42 1.26 3.05 2.91 3.00 2.70 * 1.52
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.74 0.83 2.11 3.60 2.39 1.98 0.69 0.70
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1.08 1.47 2.04 2.83 1.62 1.34 1.43 2.12
Bought on the Internet 0.38 0.34 0.86 * * 0.06 * *
Some Other Way 0.87 1.22 2.77 1.91 0.95 1.08 1.13 1.84
90413
Table 7.63P – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.0386   0.0109   0.4956   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.2337   0.4192   *   0.1130  
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3824   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.1302   *   0.2980   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.2918   0.1993   0.0629   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.4158   0.9888   0.3721   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.4141   0.0764   0.1366   0.7664  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.1580   0.4661   0.2225   0.1288  
Bought on the Internet 0.3739   *   *   *  
Some Other Way 0.5557   0.2030   0.8641   0.4053  
90413
Table 7.64C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 48 43 * * 8 9 * *
From More Than One Doctor 4 4 * * 1 1 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0 3 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 3 6 * * 2 3 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 2 2 * * 2 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
1 0 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
1 1 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0 0 * * 0 0 * *
Some Other Way * 2 * * 1 * * *
90413
Table 7.64D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 2.50 2.46 * * 4.05 4.40 * *
From More Than One Doctor 1.06 1.05 * * 1.35 1.65 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.01 0.80 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.81 1.70 * * 3.06 3.14 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.61 0.63 * * 2.10 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.30 0.13 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.31 0.31 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.04 0.03 * * 0.20 0.14 * *
Some Other Way * 0.49 * * 1.23 * * *
90413
Table 7.64P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor 0.5383   *   0.9756   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.8643   *   0.9223   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.1263   *   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.0871   *   0.9481   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.6328   *   *   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.3594   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.8276   *   *   *  
Bought on the Internet 0.4634   *   0.2632   *  
Some Other Way *   *   *   *  
90413
Table 7.65C – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * 11 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 2 7 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 36 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 8 9 * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
7 5 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
8 8 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * 1 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 6 4 * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.65D – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * 4.12 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 0.58 2.67 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 5.35 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 2.59 3.39 * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
2.07 2.07 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
2.38 3.00 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * 0.24 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 1.80 1.79 * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.65P – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor *   *   *   *  
From More Than One Doctor 0.1368   *   *   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
*   *   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free *   *   *   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.4589   *   *   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
0.3629   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
0.3597   *   *   *  
Bought on the Internet *   *   *   *  
Some Other Way 0.4591   *   *   *  
90413
Table 7.66C – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
* * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.66D – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2007-2008
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
* * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
90413
Table 7.66P – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2006-2007
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives1 Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2007-2008)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2007-2008)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2007-2008)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2007-2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
From One Doctor *   *   *   *  
From More Than One Doctor *   *   *   *  
Wrote Fake Prescription *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
  Hospital, or Pharmacy
*   *   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free *   *   *   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative *   *   *   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
  Asking
*   *   *   *  
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
  Stranger
*   *   *   *  
Bought on the Internet *   *   *   *  
Some Other Way *   *   *   *  
90409
Table 7.67C – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
           
Drank Alone 34 32 29 26 18 18
Drank with One Other Person 63 54 43 41 42 36
Drank with Two or More Other People 205 177 127 118 128 110
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 33 28 24 21 21 17
Home 102 91 76 63 60 56
Someone Else's Home 159 133 97 90 99 87
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 31 32 23 24 20 21
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 60 51 32 32 48 36
Concert or Sports Game 17 19 13 17 11 8
School 24 21 16 12 16 16
Some Other Place3 43 38 30 26 31 27
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 26 22 17 13 20 18
Outside (Location not Specified) 18 13 13 11 10 8
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 15 11 11 6 10 9
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 8 11 6 10 5 3
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 7 5 4 3 5 4
Dorm Room 8 4 3 4 7 2
90409
Table 7.67D – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
           
Drank Alone 0.31 0.32 0.51 0.49 0.36 0.37
Drank with One Other Person 0.56 0.51 0.75 0.75 0.77 0.70
Drank with Two or More Other People 0.61 0.59 0.88 0.85 0.83 0.81
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 0.31 0.27 0.44 0.41 0.41 0.36
Home 0.76 0.73 1.08 1.02 1.01 0.99
Someone Else's Home 0.79 0.75 1.08 1.10 1.07 1.04
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.29 0.32 0.42 0.46 0.40 0.43
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.51 0.48 0.55 0.59 0.84 0.71
Concert or Sports Game 0.17 0.20 0.25 0.34 0.23 0.18
School 0.22 0.21 0.28 0.23 0.31 0.34
Some Other Place3 0.39 0.38 0.54 0.51 0.58 0.58
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 0.25 0.22 0.32 0.26 0.40 0.39
Outside (Location not Specified) 0.17 0.14 0.24 0.22 0.19 0.17
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.14 0.11 0.20 0.12 0.20 0.19
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.21 0.10 0.07
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.11 0.08
Dorm Room 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.14 0.04
90409
Table 7.67P – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
           
Drank Alone 0.6106   0.3151   0.5748  
Drank with One Other Person 0.4557   0.3370   0.9811  
Drank with Two or More Other People 0.3512   0.1555   0.8148  
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE1,2            
Car or Other Vehicle 0.0113   0.0396   0.1246  
Home 0.8588   0.4159   0.2037  
Someone Else's Home 0.9489   0.9212   0.8362  
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.5213   0.4547   0.9073  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.2863   0.2438   0.0226  
Concert or Sports Game 0.1537   0.0253   0.3956  
School 0.4805   0.7472   0.5128  
Some Other Place3 0.4393   0.8115   0.1780  
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 0.3771   0.6222   0.4827  
Outside (Location not Specified) 0.3700   0.5507   0.4375  
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.4384   0.2455   0.9796  
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.2471   0.0392   0.1155  
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.4084   0.7931   0.4043  
Dorm Room 0.2234   0.8894   0.1092  
90409
Table 7.68C – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
               
Drank Alone 34 32 11 10 19 16 26 25
Drank with One Other Person 63 54 16 15 30 25 51 45
Drank with Two or More Other People 205 177 26 31 76 70 183 152
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL
USE1,2
               
Car or Other Vehicle 33 28 6 5 22 14 24 23
Home 102 91 22 23 40 37 90 80
Someone Else's Home 159 133 22 25 67 59 137 111
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 31 32 7 10 22 18 21 24
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 60 51 6 5 17 15 56 48
Concert or Sports Game 17 19 3 1 8 9 15 17
School 24 21 3 5 9 7 22 20
Some Other Place3 43 38 9 9 27 22 30 30
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 26 22 5 5 17 16 19 15
Outside (Location not Specified) 18 13 6 2 10 9 11 10
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 15 11 2 2 10 4 10 10
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 8 11 1 2 6 4 5 10
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 7 5 * 4 2 2 7 3
Dorm Room 8 4 * * 2 0 7 4
90409
Table 7.68D – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
               
Drank Alone 0.31 0.32 1.67 1.55 0.56 0.56 0.39 0.38
Drank with One Other Person 0.56 0.51 2.38 2.11 0.85 0.84 0.72 0.65
Drank with Two or More Other People 0.61 0.59 2.58 2.44 0.96 0.97 0.80 0.75
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL
USE1,2
               
Car or Other Vehicle 0.31 0.27 1.04 0.76 0.67 0.49 0.35 0.35
Home 0.76 0.73 2.75 2.85 1.06 1.12 1.01 0.99
Someone Else's Home 0.79 0.75 2.67 2.93 1.16 1.29 1.07 1.00
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.29 0.32 1.20 1.54 0.66 0.62 0.32 0.38
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.51 0.48 1.00 0.88 0.53 0.52 0.74 0.68
Concert or Sports Game 0.17 0.20 0.58 0.12 0.25 0.31 0.23 0.27
School 0.22 0.21 0.55 0.74 0.29 0.24 0.31 0.30
Some Other Place3 0.39 0.38 1.46 1.50 0.81 0.78 0.44 0.46
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 0.25 0.22 0.84 0.76 0.55 0.57 0.29 0.23
Outside (Location not Specified) 0.17 0.14 1.01 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.17 0.15
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.14 0.11 0.37 0.31 0.31 0.14 0.16 0.16
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.08 0.11 0.22 0.31 0.20 0.16 0.08 0.16
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.07 0.05 * 0.60 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.04
Dorm Room 0.07 0.05 * * 0.06 0.01 0.11 0.07
90409
Table 7.68P – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT
ALCOHOL USE1
               
Drank Alone 0.6106   0.2133   0.8699   0.9340  
Drank with One Other Person 0.4557   0.1304   0.2756   0.8819  
Drank with Two or More Other People 0.3512   0.0323   0.2872   0.9282  
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL
USE1,2
               
Car or Other Vehicle 0.0113   0.2700   0.0061   0.5007  
Home 0.8588   0.6007   0.4246   0.7833  
Someone Else's Home 0.9489   0.4588   0.4855   0.7376  
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.5213   0.4676   0.2731   0.1004  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.2863   0.1539   0.9242   0.2391  
Concert or Sports Game 0.1537   0.0477   0.1571   0.2404  
School 0.4805   0.5464   0.3315   0.5672  
Some Other Place3 0.4393   0.8553   0.3815   0.8812  
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 0.3771   0.2563   0.9533   0.3831  
Outside (Location not Specified) 0.3700   0.1214   0.8653   0.7106  
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.4384   0.8170   0.0240   0.4933  
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.2471   0.6535   0.5728   0.0878  
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.4084   *   0.9534   0.0915  
Dorm Room 0.2234   *   0.3625   0.2784  
90409
Table 7.69C – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 102 92 80 72 57 50
Purchased It Himself or Herself 52 43 43 38 26 22
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 49 39 40 34 26 20
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 38 33 36 28 13 15
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 28 23 17 16 21 16
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 2 9 2 9 2 1
From Another Person 15 15 14 13 5 6
From Person under Age 21 9 10 9 9 3 3
From Person Aged 21 or Older 12 11 12 10 4 6
Purchased by Someone Else 82 75 64 56 47 44
Parent or Guardian 10 14 9 10 6 10
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 23 24 17 18 15 16
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 72 62 53 45 45 37
Someone under Age 21 24 26 22 21 9 14
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 176 153 99 98 119 105
Got It from Parent or Guardian 37 34 23 24 28 24
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 48 47 33 32 35 33
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 98 87 56 57 67 60
Got It from Someone under Age 21 67 62 46 41 44 47
Took It from Own Home 28 29 22 21 18 20
Took It from Someone Else's Home 25 22 17 14 18 16
Got It Some Other Way 38 32 27 24 28 21
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
24 19 18 14 17 13
90409
Table 7.69D – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 0.72 0.71 1.02 1.05 0.96 0.93
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.46 0.41 0.72 0.67 0.50 0.45
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 0.44 0.38 0.68 0.61 0.49 0.43
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 0.36 0.33 0.63 0.52 0.27 0.33
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.25 0.23 0.30 0.31 0.41 0.33
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.02 0.09 0.03 0.17 0.03 0.01
From Another Person 0.14 0.15 0.25 0.25 0.11 0.14
From Person under Age 21 0.09 0.10 0.16 0.17 0.06 0.07
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.12 0.12 0.21 0.20 0.09 0.12
Purchased by Someone Else 0.63 0.62 0.93 0.90 0.83 0.85
Parent or Guardian 0.10 0.15 0.16 0.20 0.11 0.21
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.21 0.24 0.30 0.34 0.30 0.34
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.59 0.55 0.82 0.78 0.82 0.73
Someone under Age 21 0.22 0.26 0.39 0.41 0.19 0.30
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 0.72 0.71 1.02 1.05 0.96 0.93
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.36 0.36 0.43 0.47 0.55 0.52
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.45 0.46 0.59 0.59 0.68 0.68
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.70 0.70 0.87 0.92 1.02 1.02
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.56 0.58 0.77 0.76 0.78 0.91
Took It from Own Home 0.27 0.29 0.41 0.41 0.37 0.43
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.24 0.22 0.32 0.28 0.36 0.35
Got It Some Other Way 0.35 0.32 0.50 0.47 0.54 0.44
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
0.24 0.20 0.34 0.29 0.34 0.29
90409
Table 7.69P – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Male
(2007)
Male
(2008)
Female
(2007)
Female
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 0.5349   0.7780   0.2059  
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.8530   0.9945   0.7674  
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 0.8747   0.8718   0.9930  
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 0.6157   0.4946   0.8585  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.7189   0.5304   0.9548  
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.0166   0.0114   0.5772  
From Another Person 0.9918   0.6912   0.4156  
From Person under Age 21 0.9722   0.8168   0.4397  
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.8798   0.5117   0.2977  
Purchased by Someone Else 0.5672   0.7862   0.2409  
Parent or Guardian 0.0536   0.4122   0.0439  
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.9275   0.7422   0.6210  
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.6471   0.4605   0.9276  
Someone under Age 21 0.1489   0.4501   0.1245  
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 0.5349   0.7780   0.2059  
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.4969   0.5119   0.7079  
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.4281   0.3914   0.7650  
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.8521   0.4097   0.3041  
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.9162   0.9114   0.7983  
Took It from Own Home 0.6397   0.8121   0.3324  
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.6120   0.1910   0.6105  
Got It Some Other Way 0.0074   0.2808   0.0079  
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
0.0496   0.1171   0.2190  
90409
Table 7.70C – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 102 92 9 8 39 35 95 84
Purchased It Himself or Herself 52 43 5 3 18 12 48 42
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 49 39 4 2 16 10 45 39
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 38 33 4 2 14 8 35 33
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 28 23 1 0 7 6 27 22
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 2 9 1 * * 1 2 8
From Another Person 15 15 3 2 7 7 13 13
From Person under Age 21 9 10 3 2 5 4 7 8
From Person Aged 21 or Older 12 11 1 * 6 5 11 10
Purchased by Someone Else 82 75 7 7 35 32 75 67
Parent or Guardian 10 14 2 1 4 7 9 12
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 23 24 2 2 10 9 20 22
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 72 62 5 4 29 25 67 56
Someone under Age 21 24 26 4 5 16 13 16 21
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 176 153 31 35 75 67 146 124
Got It from Parent or Guardian 37 34 12 13 19 20 27 24
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 48 47 10 14 25 21 40 38
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 98 87 11 12 36 35 90 79
Got It from Someone under Age 21 67 62 14 17 36 34 53 46
Took It from Own Home 28 29 11 15 17 17 20 17
Took It from Someone Else's Home 25 22 7 8 15 13 17 16
Got It Some Other Way 38 32 11 8 20 18 31 24
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
24 19 8 5 15 13 18 14
90409
Table 7.70D – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 0.72 0.71 1.44 1.18 1.07 1.10 0.97 0.94
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.46 0.41 0.86 0.45 0.53 0.42 0.65 0.60
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 0.44 0.38 0.66 0.38 0.48 0.35 0.63 0.56
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 0.36 0.33 0.61 0.37 0.43 0.28 0.51 0.49
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.25 0.23 0.23 0.04 0.21 0.21 0.38 0.33
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.02 0.09 0.13 * * 0.05 0.03 0.13
From Another Person 0.14 0.15 0.57 0.25 0.23 0.25 0.19 0.21
From Person under Age 21 0.09 0.10 0.55 0.25 0.14 0.15 0.11 0.13
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.12 0.12 0.16 * 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16
Purchased by Someone Else 0.63 0.62 1.16 1.14 0.99 1.02 0.87 0.84
Parent or Guardian 0.10 0.15 0.30 0.20 0.13 0.26 0.14 0.19
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.21 0.24 0.37 0.28 0.32 0.33 0.30 0.34
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.59 0.55 0.87 0.65 0.84 0.85 0.83 0.75
Someone under Age 21 0.22 0.26 0.64 0.81 0.48 0.47 0.24 0.32
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 0.72 0.71 1.44 1.18 1.07 1.10 0.97 0.94
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.36 0.36 1.97 2.05 0.60 0.70 0.42 0.39
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.45 0.46 1.72 2.13 0.76 0.75 0.58 0.58
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.70 0.70 1.86 1.85 1.00 1.13 0.94 0.93
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.56 0.58 2.21 2.51 1.02 1.08 0.69 0.68
Took It from Own Home 0.27 0.29 1.83 2.32 0.54 0.60 0.30 0.27
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.24 0.22 1.29 1.31 0.50 0.47 0.26 0.25
Got It Some Other Way 0.35 0.32 1.84 1.38 0.62 0.63 0.46 0.38
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
0.24 0.20 1.35 0.79 0.46 0.48 0.28 0.22
90409
Table 7.70P – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2007)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2007)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2007)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 0.5349   0.0805   0.6262   0.2690  
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.8530   0.2117   0.0705   0.4233  
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 0.8747   0.3806   0.0645   0.4934  
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 0.6157   0.6888   0.0187   0.8462  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.7189   0.2727   0.9595   0.7540  
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.0166   *   *   0.0298  
From Another Person 0.9918   0.3741   0.7665   0.7175  
From Person under Age 21 0.9722   0.5596   0.6194   0.6353  
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.8798   *   0.7137   0.9264  
Purchased by Someone Else 0.5672   0.3190   0.7297   0.5464  
Parent or Guardian 0.0536   0.9247   0.1950   0.1353  
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.9275   0.4210   0.7711   0.7686  
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.6471   0.2289   0.6163   0.4892  
Someone under Age 21 0.1489   0.8272   0.6594   0.0180  
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 0.5349   0.0805   0.6262   0.2690  
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.4969   0.6811   0.1746   0.9290  
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 0.4281   0.4772   0.5586   0.2753  
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 0.8521   0.7181   0.5873   0.5116  
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.9162   0.9657   0.8501   0.8133  
Took It from Own Home 0.6397   0.1084   0.8785   0.5865  
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.6120   0.8358   0.3509   0.9935  
Got It Some Other Way 0.0074   0.1206   0.7523   0.0124  
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
  and Method2
0.0496   0.0712   0.6341   0.1454  
90331
Table 7.71C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 131 135 12 19 131 132
Marijuana and Hashish 105 108 11 17 104 106
Cocaine 45 37 2 6 45 36
Crack 22 16 1 6 22 15
Heroin 10 9 2 * 10 9
Hallucinogens 28 28 2 10 27 26
LSD 6 6 1 1 6 6
PCP 4 2 0 1 4 2
Ecstasy 23 23 2 * 23 21
Inhalants 15 17 2 3 15 16
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 85 80 6 8 84 80
Pain Relievers 68 66 6 4 68 65
OxyContin® 15 15 1 1 15 15
Tranquilizers 45 47 3 2 45 47
Stimulants4 39 32 1 7 38 31
Methamphetamine4 29 21 1 * 29 20
Sedatives 23 14 1 * 23 14
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
95 93 7 14 95 91
90331
Table 7.71D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.20 0.21 0.49 0.73 0.21 0.21
Marijuana and Hashish 0.16 0.17 0.44 0.63 0.17 0.17
Cocaine 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.24 0.08 0.06
Crack 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.23 0.04 0.03
Heroin 0.02 0.01 0.07 * 0.02 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.04 0.05 0.09 0.39 0.05 0.04
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.00
Ecstasy 0.04 0.04 0.07 * 0.04 0.04
Inhalants 0.02 0.03 0.07 0.13 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.13 0.13 0.26 0.31 0.14 0.13
Pain Relievers 0.11 0.10 0.24 0.16 0.11 0.11
OxyContin® 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.02
Tranquilizers 0.07 0.08 0.12 0.09 0.07 0.08
Stimulants4 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.26 0.06 0.05
Methamphetamine4 0.05 0.03 0.05 * 0.05 0.03
Sedatives 0.04 0.02 0.03 * 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.15 0.14 0.27 0.55 0.15 0.15
90331
Table 7.71P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.5876   0.2270   0.4816  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.5555   0.3312   0.6435  
Cocaine 0.0008   0.6657   0.0007  
Crack 0.0106   0.4330   0.0056  
Heroin 0.1122   *   0.1872  
Hallucinogens 0.3876   0.7147   0.4086  
LSD 0.8502   0.2675   0.9505  
PCP 0.1603   0.9007   0.1479  
Ecstasy 0.6594   *   0.5917  
Inhalants 0.6770   0.6183   0.6153  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.1022   0.4399   0.0938  
Pain Relievers 0.5107   0.2252   0.5002  
OxyContin® 0.3939   0.1941   0.4280  
Tranquilizers 0.4777   0.2964   0.4688  
Stimulants4 0.0117   0.5132   0.0085  
Methamphetamine4 0.0002   *   0.0002  
Sedatives 0.1355   *   0.1505  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.0272   0.4417   0.0177  
90331
Table 7.72C – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 131 135 12 19 131 132
AGE            
15-17 29 29 3 4 28 28
18-25 52 58 7 9 60 65
26-44 110 111 10 17 109 109
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 122 127 12 19 121 124
White 107 112 11 14 106 110
Black or African American 48 54 6 12 47 51
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 6 * * 6 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5 * * * 5 *
Asian 23 19 * * 22 19
Two or More Races 14 14 * * 14 14
Hispanic or Latino 52 40 3 4 52 40
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 6 12 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 5 13 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 8 8 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.72D – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.20 0.21 0.49 0.73 0.21 0.21
AGE            
15-17 0.42 0.41 3.57 4.25 0.42 0.42
18-25 0.32 0.36 0.76 0.88 0.34 0.37
26-44 0.27 0.27 0.65 1.09 0.28 0.28
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.22 0.23 0.62 0.88 0.23 0.24
White 0.25 0.27 0.73 0.99 0.26 0.28
Black or African American 0.51 0.57 1.62 2.78 0.53 0.57
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.81 1.88 * * 1.79 1.95
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.06 * * * 2.16 *
Asian 0.69 0.56 * * 0.72 0.59
Two or More Races 1.94 1.89 * * 1.98 1.99
Hispanic or Latino 0.52 0.38 0.47 0.86 0.55 0.40
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 0.85 1.51 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.62 1.34 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1.01 0.93 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.72P – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5876   0.2270   0.4816  
AGE            
15-17 0.1565   0.2482   0.0923  
18-25 0.9942   0.6398   0.9057  
26-44 0.6650   0.3679   0.6054  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7589   0.3769   0.8128  
White 0.8790   0.6228   0.8467  
Black or African American 0.2750   0.3567   0.3759  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5148   *   0.4125  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.9680   *   0.9862  
Two or More Races 0.7932   *   0.8952  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0451   0.2298   0.0254  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.3031   N/A  
Second N/A   0.3410   N/A  
Third N/A   0.9482   N/A  
90331
Table 7.73C – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 105 108 11 17 104 106
AGE            
15-17 25 25 3 4 25 24
18-25 49 52 6 7 54 57
26-44 81 86 9 15 81 84
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 96 103 11 17 96 100
White 86 91 10 12 86 90
Black or African American 37 47 3 12 37 44
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 5 * * 6 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3 5 * * 3 5
Asian 14 15 * * 14 15
Two or More Races 13 14 * * 13 13
Hispanic or Latino 38 31 2 3 38 31
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 6 12 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 5 11 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 7 3 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.73D – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.16 0.17 0.44 0.63 0.17 0.17
AGE            
15-17 0.37 0.36 3.22 3.99 0.37 0.37
18-25 0.30 0.32 0.66 0.73 0.31 0.33
26-44 0.20 0.22 0.58 0.94 0.21 0.22
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.18 0.19 0.55 0.78 0.18 0.20
White 0.21 0.23 0.69 0.80 0.21 0.24
Black or African American 0.41 0.51 0.95 2.76 0.43 0.50
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.55 1.72 * * 1.62 1.78
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.36 1.75 * * 1.43 1.78
Asian 0.44 0.45 * * 0.46 0.48
Two or More Races 1.84 1.86 * * 1.88 1.96
Hispanic or Latino 0.38 0.29 0.45 0.50 0.40 0.31
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 0.75 1.50 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.55 1.18 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.86 0.38 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.73P – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5555   0.3312   0.6435  
AGE            
15-17 0.2573   0.3736   0.1713  
18-25 0.7879   0.6122   0.8851  
26-44 0.4468   0.5112   0.4707  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3247   0.3700   0.3587  
White 0.8994   0.9434   0.8619  
Black or African American 0.0437   0.1150   0.0905  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3779   *   0.4299  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.8709   *   0.9206  
Asian 0.7142   *   0.6688  
Two or More Races 0.9889   *   0.9204  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4832   0.8680   0.3831  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.1463   N/A  
Second N/A   0.5110   N/A  
Third N/A   0.6348   N/A  
90331
Table 7.74C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 262 266 32 33 259 260
Cigarettes 259 258 32 33 256 253
Smokeless Tobacco 20 28 2 2 20 28
Cigars 72 69 7 6 72 69
Pipe Tobacco 20 21 1 2 20 21
ALCOHOL 379 421 31 29 375 419
Binge Alcohol Use3 229 243 12 18 228 241
Heavy Alcohol Use3 98 100 6 6 98 100
90331
Table 7.74D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.38 0.36 1.18 1.20 0.39 0.37
Cigarettes 0.37 0.36 1.18 1.20 0.38 0.37
Smokeless Tobacco 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.03 0.05
Cigars 0.12 0.11 0.27 0.25 0.12 0.11
Pipe Tobacco 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.04
ALCOHOL 0.42 0.40 1.15 1.06 0.42 0.42
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.33 0.32 0.47 0.70 0.34 0.33
Heavy Alcohol Use3 0.15 0.16 0.25 0.23 0.16 0.16
90331
Table 7.74P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.0002   0.9595   0.0001  
Cigarettes 0.0001   0.9312   0.0001  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3898   0.9697   0.4093  
Cigars 0.1112   0.6948   0.1106  
Pipe Tobacco 0.4483   0.7809   0.4563  
ALCOHOL 0.1611   0.4398   0.0836  
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.1909   0.0606   0.2100  
Heavy Alcohol Use3 0.7964   0.6784   0.8571  
90331
Table 7.75C – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 259 258 32 33 256 253
AGE            
15-17 32 30 4 4 31 29
18-25 72 72 16 16 91 89
26-44 227 222 26 28 226 219
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 250 239 29 31 246 233
White 225 216 23 26 222 213
Black or African American 99 85 9 15 97 81
American Indian or Alaska Native 14 19 * * 14 19
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 16 * * * 15 *
Asian 47 38 * * 44 37
Two or More Races 29 20 * * 29 20
Hispanic or Latino 89 84 11 10 88 83
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 25 20 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 14 20 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 11 14 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.75D – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.37 0.36 1.18 1.20 0.38 0.37
AGE            
15-17 0.46 0.43 4.27 3.84 0.46 0.43
18-25 0.44 0.44 1.48 1.51 0.46 0.46
26-44 0.52 0.50 1.70 1.72 0.54 0.52
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.41 0.39 1.39 1.37 0.42 0.40
White 0.47 0.45 1.50 1.66 0.48 0.46
Black or African American 0.96 0.82 2.30 3.36 0.99 0.83
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.94 3.86 * * 4.06 3.98
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5.27 * * * 5.39 *
Asian 1.37 1.09 * * 1.34 1.12
Two or More Races 3.20 2.49 * * 3.26 2.58
Hispanic or Latino 0.78 0.72 1.92 1.88 0.81 0.76
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 2.80 2.34 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 1.61 1.92 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1.42 1.66 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.75P – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.0001   0.9312   0.0001  
AGE            
15-17 0.0002   0.6565   0.0001  
18-25 0.0000   0.1175   0.0000  
26-44 0.0432   0.3584   0.0273  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0018   0.9505   0.0012  
White 0.0054   0.6521   0.0030  
Black or African American 0.1399   0.5200   0.0966  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0085   *   0.0079  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.6284   *   0.7643  
Two or More Races 0.0508   *   0.0569  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0159   0.5620   0.0111  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.4694   N/A  
Second N/A   0.7151   N/A  
Third N/A   0.5625   N/A  
90331
Table 7.76C – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 379 421 31 29 375 419
AGE            
15-17 41 42 3 4 41 41
18-25 82 81 9 11 147 156
26-44 336 356 30 26 333 354
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 360 389 30 28 356 386
White 326 340 27 20 322 338
Black or African American 130 140 9 17 128 139
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 18 * * 17 18
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 75 77 * * 74 78
Two or More Races 32 31 * * 32 30
Hispanic or Latino 123 147 6 9 123 146
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 18 22 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 15 15 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 20 8 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.76D – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.42 0.40 1.15 1.06 0.42 0.42
AGE            
15-17 0.56 0.57 3.88 3.78 0.57 0.57
18-25 0.51 0.50 0.93 1.09 0.52 0.50
26-44 0.59 0.56 1.88 1.59 0.60 0.58
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.44 0.43 1.41 1.24 0.45 0.44
White 0.47 0.47 1.72 1.34 0.48 0.48
Black or African American 1.02 1.02 2.46 3.79 1.05 1.07
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.71 3.84 * * 4.82 3.94
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.99 1.92 * * 2.04 2.02
Two or More Races 3.22 2.83 * * 3.29 2.80
Hispanic or Latino 1.00 0.94 1.09 1.79 1.04 0.97
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 2.23 2.51 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 1.64 1.54 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 2.26 0.92 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.76P – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.1611   0.4398   0.0836  
AGE            
15-17 0.0013   0.9417   0.0010  
18-25 0.2282   0.0972   0.3085  
26-44 0.0919   0.1490   0.0346  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1740   0.1784   0.0650  
White 0.9398   0.0578   0.6542  
Black or African American 0.0166   0.0942   0.0157  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0027   *   0.0022  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.3441   *   0.2538  
Two or More Races 0.4608   *   0.6439  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2700   0.1585   0.3816  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.1340   N/A  
Second N/A   0.6034   N/A  
Third N/A   0.0049   N/A  
90331
Table 7.77C – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 229 243 12 18 228 241
AGE            
15-17 31 31 2 3 31 31
18-25 76 76 6 9 104 111
26-44 184 199 10 15 182 198
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 217 224 11 18 216 222
White 194 200 8 10 193 199
Black or African American 80 73 7 13 79 72
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 14 * * 17 14
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 16 * * * * *
Asian 42 39 * * 42 38
Two or More Races 19 18 * * 19 18
Hispanic or Latino 75 92 5 6 74 92
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 7 15 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 5 7 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 6 4 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.77D – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.33 0.32 0.47 0.70 0.34 0.33
AGE            
15-17 0.45 0.45 2.57 3.56 0.46 0.45
18-25 0.47 0.47 0.67 0.89 0.49 0.49
26-44 0.42 0.44 0.68 0.95 0.44 0.46
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.37 0.35 0.55 0.83 0.38 0.37
White 0.41 0.42 0.55 0.67 0.42 0.44
Black or African American 0.79 0.74 2.03 3.03 0.82 0.76
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.40 3.74 * * 4.50 3.88
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5.20 * * * * *
Asian 1.23 1.13 * * 1.28 1.18
Two or More Races 2.73 2.36 * * 2.80 2.48
Hispanic or Latino 0.69 0.74 0.94 1.10 0.73 0.78
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 0.96 1.81 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.58 0.71 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.74 0.51 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.77P – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.1909   0.0606   0.2100  
AGE            
15-17 0.0081   0.4545   0.0058  
18-25 0.3194   0.1265   0.4021  
26-44 0.1519   0.2178   0.1510  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5075   0.0838   0.5155  
White 0.4285   0.1440   0.4392  
Black or African American 0.8867   0.2627   0.9750  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1192   *   0.1123  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.6712   *   0.6232  
Two or More Races 0.5936   *   0.7445  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0369   0.4857   0.0467  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.0062   N/A  
Second N/A   0.9405   N/A  
Third N/A   0.8342   N/A  
90331
Table 7.78C – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 98 100 6 6 98 100
AGE            
15-17 14 15 1 1 14 15
18-25 45 43 2 3 49 49
26-44 79 84 6 5 79 83
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 95 94 4 6 95 93
White 88 87 4 6 88 87
Black or African American 30 26 1 2 30 25
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 7 * * 6 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5 3 * * 5 3
Asian 14 10 * * 14 10
Two or More Races 11 9 * * 11 8
Hispanic or Latino 28 33 4 1 28 33
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 4 6 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 4 1 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0 1 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.78D – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2006 and 2007-2008
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.15 0.16 0.25 0.23 0.16 0.16
AGE            
15-17 0.22 0.23 1.22 1.66 0.22 0.23
18-25 0.28 0.26 0.23 0.31 0.29 0.28
26-44 0.20 0.21 0.39 0.32 0.21 0.22
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.18 0.17 0.22 0.29 0.19 0.18
White 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.39 0.23 0.23
Black or African American 0.34 0.29 0.26 0.43 0.36 0.30
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.48 2.38 * * 1.54 2.48
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.82 1.08 * * 1.91 1.10
Asian 0.44 0.30 * * 0.46 0.32
Two or More Races 1.51 1.18 * * 1.55 1.25
Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.31 0.81 0.17 0.29 0.33
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 0.56 0.73 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.50 0.10 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.01 0.17 N/A N/A
90331
Table 7.78P – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2007-2008 Versus 2005-2006
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008 2005-2006 2007-2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7964   0.6784   0.8571  
AGE            
15-17 0.5185   0.7713   0.4890  
18-25 0.6003   0.3412   0.5109  
26-44 0.5475   0.9221   0.5724  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8308   0.2121   0.9056  
White 0.7232   0.2535   0.8013  
Black or African American 0.9516   0.4644   0.8895  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4811   *   0.4892  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.4783   *   0.4728  
Asian 0.9732   *   0.9838  
Two or More Races 0.4397   *   0.5138  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6360   0.2039   0.5967  
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A   0.3268   N/A  
Second N/A   0.1924   N/A  
Third N/A   0.0691   N/A  
90331
Table 7.79C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 137 126 97 86 93 91
Marijuana and Hashish 125 119 89 81 83 85
Cocaine 32 33 19 23 26 24
Crack 8 9 * 3 8 8
Heroin 9 11 3 3 9 10
Hallucinogens 30 37 13 23 27 29
LSD 11 15 6 12 9 9
PCP 4 3 3 * 2 3
Ecstasy 21 29 9 19 18 23
Inhalants 17 16 9 10 14 13
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 64 59 41 36 51 48
Pain Relievers 56 51 34 28 46 44
OxyContin® 15 14 8 5 12 13
Tranquilizers 30 31 14 18 27 24
Stimulants5 26 24 19 17 17 17
Methamphetamine5 12 9 3 2 12 9
Sedatives 10 6 7 3 7 5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 76 72 47 46 59 57
90331
Table 7.79D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.50 0.49 0.79 0.74 0.64 0.63
Marijuana and Hashish 0.47 0.47 0.77 0.74 0.59 0.61
Cocaine 0.15 0.15 0.21 0.27 0.20 0.19
Crack 0.04 0.04 * 0.04 0.06 0.07
Heroin 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.08
Hallucinogens 0.14 0.17 0.15 0.26 0.21 0.22
LSD 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.13 0.07 0.07
PCP 0.02 0.02 0.03 * 0.02 0.03
Ecstasy 0.10 0.14 0.11 0.22 0.15 0.18
Inhalants 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.11 0.10
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.28 0.27 0.44 0.38 0.38 0.36
Pain Relievers 0.24 0.23 0.37 0.31 0.35 0.33
OxyContin® 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.06 0.10 0.10
Tranquilizers 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.22 0.21 0.19
Stimulants5 0.12 0.11 0.21 0.19 0.14 0.13
Methamphetamine5 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.07
Sedatives 0.05 0.03 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.04
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.32 0.32 0.49 0.48 0.44 0.42
90331
Table 7.79P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.5741   0.7444   0.3053  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9100   0.4330   0.5874  
Cocaine 0.4981   0.5006   0.1594  
Crack 0.8859   *   0.7102  
Heroin 0.2103   0.5404   0.2734  
Hallucinogens 0.0409   0.0006   0.8937  
LSD 0.1105   0.0286   0.9796  
PCP 0.4554   *   0.8836  
Ecstasy 0.0146   0.0055   0.3576  
Inhalants 0.3316   0.5083   0.4579  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.3944   0.7923   0.3787  
Pain Relievers 0.3748   0.7066   0.4040  
OxyContin® 0.6370   0.0742   0.6870  
Tranquilizers 0.8479   0.1200   0.4537  
Stimulants5 0.9584   0.9739   0.9538  
Methamphetamine5 0.1001   0.4322   0.1265  
Sedatives 0.0444   0.4008   0.0514  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.4799   0.5949   0.1911  
90331
Table 7.80C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 101 92 67 59 76 71
Marijuana and Hashish 96 87 63 55 69 68
Cocaine 25 24 11 12 23 21
Crack 7 8 * 2 7 7
Heroin 9 9 3 2 8 9
Hallucinogens 26 29 10 18 23 23
LSD 9 12 5 9 8 8
PCP 4 1 3 * 2 1
Ecstasy 18 21 7 14 16 16
Inhalants 14 14 7 9 12 10
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 47 43 27 24 42 35
Pain Relievers 42 38 24 20 38 32
OxyContin® 12 11 7 3 9 10
Tranquilizers 21 22 8 11 20 19
Stimulants5 17 17 10 10 14 14
Methamphetamine5 10 7 2 0 10 7
Sedatives 7 3 6 1 4 3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 57 54 31 31 51 43
90331
Table 7.80D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.74 0.69 1.25 1.05 0.94 0.91
Marijuana and Hashish 0.71 0.66 1.18 1.01 0.88 0.89
Cocaine 0.23 0.22 0.28 0.30 0.32 0.30
Crack 0.07 0.07 * 0.06 0.11 0.11
Heroin 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.04 0.12 0.13
Hallucinogens 0.24 0.26 0.25 0.43 0.34 0.33
LSD 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.23 0.12 0.12
PCP 0.03 0.01 0.08 * 0.03 0.01
Ecstasy 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.33 0.24 0.23
Inhalants 0.13 0.13 0.19 0.23 0.17 0.15
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.41 0.38 0.65 0.55 0.57 0.50
Pain Relievers 0.37 0.34 0.60 0.46 0.53 0.45
OxyContin® 0.11 0.10 0.18 0.09 0.13 0.15
Tranquilizers 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.27 0.29 0.28
Stimulants5 0.16 0.16 0.25 0.25 0.20 0.21
Methamphetamine5 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.01 0.14 0.11
Sedatives 0.07 0.03 0.15 0.03 0.07 0.04
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.49 0.47 0.74 0.67 0.68 0.61
90331
Table 7.80P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.0537   0.2977   0.1267  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3652   0.4370   0.6183  
Cocaine 0.1482   0.6430   0.1786  
Crack 0.6977   *   0.5516  
Heroin 0.5957   0.8211   0.5152  
Hallucinogens 0.1614   0.0121   0.9012  
LSD 0.0606   0.0055   0.9675  
PCP 0.1118   *   0.2279  
Ecstasy 0.3228   0.1276   0.8484  
Inhalants 0.5520   0.6215   0.7141  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.2508   0.3961   0.4815  
Pain Relievers 0.2413   0.4309   0.4480  
OxyContin® 0.5609   0.0990   0.7651  
Tranquilizers 0.6354   0.1190   0.8654  
Stimulants5 0.8346   0.4749   0.4497  
Methamphetamine5 0.1539   0.1599   0.2446  
Sedatives 0.1749   0.2843   0.4028  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.2143   0.8588   0.2122  
90331
Table 7.81C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 75 79 56 57 49 53
Marijuana and Hashish 66 72 48 53 44 45
Cocaine 18 22 13 19 12 12
Crack 3 5 * 2 3 4
Heroin 3 6 1 3 3 5
Hallucinogens 15 21 8 14 13 16
LSD 6 8 4 7 4 4
PCP 1 3 * * 1 3
Ecstasy 10 20 6 13 9 15
Inhalants 9 8 5 3 8 7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 43 39 30 25 31 31
Pain Relievers 35 34 23 20 27 29
OxyContin® 10 8 4 3 9 8
Tranquilizers 22 21 12 15 19 15
Stimulants5 19 16 16 13 11 9
Methamphetamine5 7 5 2 2 7 5
Sedatives 7 4 3 3 6 3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 47 47 33 32 33 35
90331
Table 7.81D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.62 0.68 1.00 1.08 0.77 0.82
Marijuana and Hashish 0.57 0.63 0.93 1.05 0.72 0.71
Cocaine 0.17 0.21 0.28 0.42 0.20 0.20
Crack 0.03 0.04 * 0.06 0.06 0.07
Heroin 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.05 0.08
Hallucinogens 0.15 0.20 0.18 0.31 0.23 0.26
LSD 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.15 0.07 0.07
PCP 0.01 0.03 * * 0.01 0.05
Ecstasy 0.10 0.19 0.13 0.28 0.15 0.25
Inhalants 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.14 0.12
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.39 0.37 0.60 0.53 0.51 0.51
Pain Relievers 0.32 0.32 0.47 0.42 0.44 0.47
OxyContin® 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.15 0.13
Tranquilizers 0.21 0.20 0.25 0.33 0.32 0.25
Stimulants5 0.18 0.15 0.33 0.29 0.19 0.16
Methamphetamine5 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.08
Sedatives 0.07 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.05
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.43 0.44 0.65 0.66 0.56 0.58
90331
Table 7.81P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.1594   0.1782   0.5174  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1854   0.0832   0.8763  
Cocaine 0.4748   0.2321   0.7114  
Crack 0.3041   *   0.6630  
Heroin 0.0850   0.2266   0.2051  
Hallucinogens 0.0884   0.0147   0.8038  
LSD 0.9284   0.9602   0.8048  
PCP 0.4698   *   0.4779  
Ecstasy 0.0077   0.0113   0.1699  
Inhalants 0.3793   0.5361   0.4619  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.9736   0.6657   0.6439  
Pain Relievers 0.9927   0.7932   0.7476  
OxyContin® 0.9959   0.4320   0.7593  
Tranquilizers 0.8543   0.3972   0.3815  
Stimulants5 0.8931   0.5618   0.3748  
Methamphetamine5 0.4008   0.8946   0.3197  
Sedatives 0.1216   0.9328   0.0543  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 0.7162   0.3855   0.7322  
90331
Table 7.82C – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 137 126 97 86 93 91
AGE            
18 52 53 32 31 44 44
19 53 54 41 41 35 36
20 54 49 33 34 43 35
21 57 50 37 36 43 35
22 46 47 25 25 37 37
GENDER            
Male 101 92 67 59 76 71
Female 75 79 56 57 49 53
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 127 117 92 80 83 84
White 111 101 82 69 70 72
Black or African American 48 49 20 26 40 40
American Indian or Alaska Native * 5 * * * 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 21 17 16 13 12 11
Two or More Races 15 11 * * 12 7
Hispanic or Latino 50 46 23 26 45 38
90331
Table 7.82D – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.50 0.49 0.79 0.74 0.64 0.63
AGE            
18 0.95 0.95 1.67 1.47 1.23 1.23
19 1.04 1.06 1.50 1.55 1.52 1.44
20 1.13 1.09 1.53 1.63 1.62 1.44
21 1.11 1.03 1.68 1.73 1.49 1.29
22 1.06 1.00 1.79 1.88 1.22 1.17
GENDER            
Male 0.74 0.69 1.25 1.05 0.94 0.91
Female 0.62 0.68 1.00 1.08 0.77 0.82
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.55 0.53 0.84 0.77 0.72 0.71
White 0.64 0.61 0.98 0.89 0.84 0.82
Black or African American 1.29 1.30 1.72 2.00 1.68 1.57
American Indian or Alaska Native * 4.40 * * * 4.87
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.02 1.65 2.32 1.84 3.65 3.22
Two or More Races 3.89 3.19 * * 4.90 3.52
Hispanic or Latino 1.21 1.15 2.15 2.40 1.45 1.28
90331
Table 7.82P – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5741   0.7444   0.3053  
AGE            
18 0.7787   0.2822   0.6438  
19 0.9416   0.6187   0.5140  
20 0.8527   0.2500   0.4388  
21 0.1317   0.4316   0.2038  
22 0.6321   0.2195   0.8269  
GENDER            
Male 0.0537   0.2977   0.1267  
Female 0.1594   0.1782   0.5174  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4181   0.8690   0.3129  
White 0.2920   0.5299   0.3675  
Black or African American 0.2177   0.0190   0.8859  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.0756   0.0684   0.5014  
Two or More Races 0.4485   *   0.1768  
Hispanic or Latino 0.7038   0.1463   0.6863  
90331
Table 7.83C – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 125 119 89 81 83 85
AGE            
18 49 50 28 29 41 41
19 50 50 38 39 33 33
20 49 45 32 32 37 32
21 50 46 34 34 36 32
22 42 43 21 23 34 35
GENDER            
Male 96 87 63 55 69 68
Female 66 72 48 53 44 45
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 115 111 84 75 75 77
White 100 95 75 66 62 66
Black or African American 44 44 18 25 38 34
American Indian or Alaska Native * 5 * * * 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 19 15 15 11 9 10
Two or More Races 14 11 * * 12 7
Hispanic or Latino 45 43 22 25 39 36
90331
Table 7.83D – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.47 0.47 0.77 0.74 0.59 0.61
AGE            
18 0.92 0.91 1.48 1.41 1.17 1.20
19 1.01 1.01 1.45 1.51 1.44 1.34
20 1.05 1.02 1.48 1.56 1.47 1.34
21 1.04 0.98 1.63 1.70 1.33 1.21
22 0.99 0.95 1.71 1.80 1.15 1.12
GENDER            
Male 0.71 0.66 1.18 1.01 0.88 0.89
Female 0.57 0.63 0.93 1.05 0.72 0.71
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.52 0.52 0.81 0.77 0.67 0.68
White 0.60 0.59 0.96 0.88 0.77 0.78
Black or African American 1.23 1.21 1.58 1.93 1.62 1.44
American Indian or Alaska Native * 4.01 * * * 4.50
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.79 1.45 2.19 1.57 2.76 2.91
Two or More Races 3.81 3.18 * * 4.89 3.49
Hispanic or Latino 1.11 1.10 2.07 2.28 1.32 1.22
90331
Table 7.83P – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9100   0.4330   0.5874  
AGE            
18 0.5878   0.8256   0.3964  
19 0.7449   0.3898   0.6530  
20 0.8231   0.5124   0.3654  
21 0.4210   0.5930   0.5722  
22 0.6363   0.1449   0.7124  
GENDER            
Male 0.3652   0.4370   0.6183  
Female 0.1854   0.0832   0.8763  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8522   0.6536   0.4658  
White 0.7840   0.9850   0.6978  
Black or African American 0.3035   0.0079   0.7274  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.1100   0.0296   0.9527  
Two or More Races 0.5697   *   0.1588  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5116   0.2701   0.9271  
90331
Table 7.84C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 185 178 121 116 133 127
Cigarettes 167 160 103 98 125 121
Smokeless Tobacco 56 55 36 34 43 42
Cigars 99 89 60 57 75 65
Pipe Tobacco 28 31 17 20 23 24
ALCOHOL 283 260 236 198 143 147
Binge Alcohol Use4 223 203 179 148 123 122
Heavy Alcohol Use4 114 114 88 86 69 65
90331
Table 7.84D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.60 0.59 0.87 0.93 0.78 0.71
Cigarettes 0.58 0.57 0.82 0.87 0.77 0.71
Smokeless Tobacco 0.24 0.24 0.37 0.37 0.33 0.32
Cigars 0.41 0.37 0.56 0.56 0.55 0.47
Pipe Tobacco 0.13 0.14 0.19 0.22 0.18 0.19
ALCOHOL 0.67 0.60 1.04 1.00 0.76 0.73
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.65 0.59 1.05 1.00 0.74 0.71
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.43 0.44 0.77 0.81 0.50 0.46
90331
Table 7.84P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.9758   0.1394   0.2258  
Cigarettes 0.6743   0.1674   0.5439  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.7500   0.2419   0.6582  
Cigars 0.0193   0.8290   0.0018  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0847   0.1035   0.3925  
ALCOHOL 0.4145   0.0469   0.4938  
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.0918   0.0244   0.7628  
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.5610   0.3885   0.9303  
90331
Table 7.85C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 135 127 86 83 103 92
Cigarettes 120 110 74 66 93 85
Smokeless Tobacco 54 53 35 34 42 40
Cigars 88 74 51 46 70 55
Pipe Tobacco 27 26 16 15 21 22
ALCOHOL 175 165 137 125 108 102
Binge Alcohol Use4 150 141 114 103 97 91
Heavy Alcohol Use4 90 88 67 65 61 55
90331
Table 7.85D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.84 0.82 1.30 1.33 1.06 0.97
Cigarettes 0.83 0.78 1.30 1.18 1.04 0.96
Smokeless Tobacco 0.46 0.44 0.74 0.74 0.59 0.57
Cigars 0.69 0.61 1.02 0.93 0.88 0.75
Pipe Tobacco 0.24 0.24 0.39 0.37 0.31 0.32
ALCOHOL 0.86 0.81 1.43 1.34 1.02 1.00
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.87 0.82 1.50 1.40 1.04 1.01
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.69 0.66 1.31 1.22 0.79 0.73
90331
Table 7.85P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.2222   0.8503   0.2352  
Cigarettes 0.5205   0.9961   0.5780  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.9499   0.2188   0.3699  
Cigars 0.0095   0.3997   0.0078  
Pipe Tobacco 0.6540   0.6868   0.8009  
ALCOHOL 0.2730   0.0646   0.9622  
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.0647   0.0378   0.4480  
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.6925   0.3874   0.8613  
90331
Table 7.86C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 100 106 63 67 75 80
Cigarettes 94 101 57 64 73 78
Smokeless Tobacco 12 13 8 4 10 12
Cigars 41 43 26 27 31 31
Pipe Tobacco 11 15 7 11 8 11
ALCOHOL 162 151 136 116 82 91
Binge Alcohol Use4 120 110 95 79 65 69
Heavy Alcohol Use4 55 57 44 44 30 33
90331
Table 7.86D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.73 0.78 1.04 1.19 1.01 1.00
Cigarettes 0.71 0.76 0.97 1.19 1.01 0.99
Smokeless Tobacco 0.12 0.12 0.17 0.09 0.17 0.20
Cigars 0.37 0.38 0.53 0.58 0.53 0.49
Pipe Tobacco 0.11 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.15 0.18
ALCOHOL 0.87 0.81 1.30 1.33 1.01 1.01
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.81 0.76 1.26 1.25 0.94 0.91
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.46 0.49 0.78 0.88 0.52 0.51
90331
Table 7.86P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 0.1202   0.0321   0.9170  
Cigarettes 0.1444   0.0499   0.9375  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4994   0.0951   0.9304  
Cigars 0.9327   0.2727   0.2447  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0046   0.0209   0.0787  
ALCOHOL 0.9574   0.2372   0.1683  
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.5832   0.1288   0.3474  
Heavy Alcohol Use4 0.6959   0.4998   0.6574  
90331
Table 7.87C – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 167 160 103 98 125 121
AGE            
18 63 62 38 33 50 53
19 60 61 39 42 48 45
20 68 61 38 36 55 48
21 68 65 42 42 52 49
22 65 64 30 32 56 55
GENDER            
Male 120 110 74 66 93 85
Female 94 101 57 64 73 78
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 151 147 98 91 109 108
White 139 134 91 83 98 98
Black or African American 50 48 20 22 43 43
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 30 23 25 16 17 17
Two or More Races 16 13 * * 14 11
Hispanic or Latino 64 67 27 33 58 57
90331
Table 7.87D – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.58 0.57 0.82 0.87 0.77 0.71
AGE            
18 1.09 1.07 1.80 1.56 1.35 1.38
19 1.16 1.14 1.40 1.58 1.85 1.62
20 1.29 1.19 1.63 1.67 1.84 1.60
21 1.26 1.22 1.86 2.02 1.67 1.57
22 1.30 1.23 2.18 2.21 1.51 1.52
GENDER            
Male 0.83 0.78 1.30 1.18 1.04 0.96
Female 0.71 0.76 0.97 1.19 1.01 0.99
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.63 0.62 0.88 0.88 0.84 0.79
White 0.73 0.70 1.01 1.01 1.00 0.90
Black or African American 1.34 1.25 1.80 1.76 1.74 1.64
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.68 2.28 3.35 2.35 4.44 4.59
Two or More Races 4.21 3.69 * * 5.25 4.63
Hispanic or Latino 1.42 1.40 2.46 2.85 1.72 1.61
90331
Table 7.87P – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.6743   0.1674   0.5439  
AGE            
18 0.7330   0.1203   0.0875  
19 0.5118   0.1955   0.7399  
20 0.4921   0.2248   0.7914  
21 0.4183   0.2242   0.8543  
22 0.1255   0.2531   0.0099  
GENDER            
Male 0.5205   0.9961   0.5780  
Female 0.1444   0.0499   0.9375  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9581   0.5387   0.4276  
White 0.6789   0.2386   0.5007  
Black or African American 0.9660   0.3847   0.7392  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.1414   0.0702   0.7731  
Two or More Races 0.5625   *   0.5044  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2969   0.0229   0.9858  
90331
Table 7.88C – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 283 260 236 198 143 147
AGE            
18 83 84 60 59 56 59
19 93 90 78 72 51 52
20 101 85 79 64 57 55
21 109 96 84 74 68 62
22 89 95 58 52 67 74
GENDER            
Male 175 165 137 125 108 102
Female 162 151 136 116 82 91
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 260 236 221 185 128 127
White 228 198 188 152 113 113
Black or African American 78 73 48 49 58 53
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 45 48 39 40 18 23
Two or More Races 20 19 * * 16 14
Hispanic or Latino 85 86 45 43 68 73
90331
Table 7.88D – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.67 0.60 1.04 1.00 0.76 0.73
AGE            
18 1.19 1.19 2.09 1.88 1.40 1.47
19 1.36 1.25 1.89 1.82 1.81 1.71
20 1.36 1.29 1.90 1.90 1.78 1.77
21 1.23 1.13 1.88 1.80 1.57 1.51
22 1.32 1.21 2.46 2.09 1.51 1.44
GENDER            
Male 0.86 0.81 1.43 1.34 1.02 1.00
Female 0.87 0.81 1.30 1.33 1.01 1.01
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.69 0.65 1.07 1.05 0.81 0.81
White 0.77 0.70 1.17 1.12 0.95 0.89
Black or African American 1.59 1.49 3.01 2.53 1.91 1.84
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 3.18 3.11 3.94 3.64 4.65 5.34
Two or More Races 4.29 3.68 * * 4.84 4.54
Hispanic or Latino 1.60 1.52 3.12 2.78 1.76 1.81
90331
Table 7.88P – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4145   0.0469   0.4938  
AGE            
18 0.8697   0.4402   0.8594  
19 0.0879   0.2450   0.1930  
20 0.1974   0.0492   0.8728  
21 0.4765   0.6780   0.6803  
22 0.0257   0.3709   0.0293  
GENDER            
Male 0.2730   0.0646   0.9622  
Female 0.9574   0.2372   0.1683  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3377   0.1128   0.8157  
White 0.3732   0.0534   0.4995  
Black or African American 0.7162   0.2618   0.2017  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.8227   0.4606   0.1683  
Two or More Races 0.8003   *   0.7648  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9833   0.1535   0.4357  
90331
Table 7.89C – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 223 203 179 148 123 122
AGE            
18 71 66 53 44 48 49
19 79 71 64 55 45 45
20 81 70 59 51 51 46
21 84 76 62 56 56 54
22 73 74 47 40 56 59
GENDER            
Male 150 141 114 103 97 91
Female 120 110 95 79 65 69
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 208 185 170 142 110 103
White 191 164 154 125 100 93
Black or African American 48 47 25 27 41 39
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 28 29 23 23 14 16
Two or More Races 17 14 * * 13 9
Hispanic or Latino 72 73 34 31 61 64
90331
Table 7.89D – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.65 0.59 1.05 1.00 0.74 0.71
AGE            
18 1.16 1.07 2.18 1.71 1.31 1.35
19 1.34 1.16 1.88 1.70 1.76 1.67
20 1.35 1.26 2.06 2.00 1.77 1.63
21 1.31 1.24 2.05 2.13 1.66 1.63
22 1.32 1.31 2.60 2.41 1.51 1.52
GENDER            
Male 0.87 0.82 1.50 1.40 1.04 1.01
Female 0.81 0.76 1.26 1.25 0.94 0.91
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.71 0.65 1.11 1.08 0.82 0.77
White 0.80 0.73 1.21 1.18 0.97 0.88
Black or African American 1.23 1.18 1.97 1.89 1.64 1.60
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.63 2.49 3.25 2.90 4.03 4.45
Two or More Races 4.34 3.86 * * 5.22 4.04
Hispanic or Latino 1.51 1.45 2.79 2.56 1.73 1.72
90331
Table 7.89P – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.0918   0.0244   0.7628  
AGE            
18 0.6379   0.0853   0.5360  
19 0.0644   0.1792   0.1812  
20 0.3110   0.2481   0.8539  
21 0.5425   0.9367   0.5258  
22 0.9591   0.7771   0.7935  
GENDER            
Male 0.0647   0.0378   0.4480  
Female 0.5832   0.1288   0.3474  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0701   0.0345   0.6104  
White 0.0599   0.0255   0.6589  
Black or African American 0.6076   0.2984   0.9389  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.5273   0.3124   0.8232  
Two or More Races 0.3563   *   0.1458  
Hispanic or Latino 0.8513   0.4684   0.8485  
90331
Table 7.90C – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 114 114 88 86 69 65
AGE            
18 35 33 27 24 23 22
19 42 41 35 33 26 25
20 48 43 34 32 32 28
21 46 46 35 35 31 28
22 40 44 23 21 32 38
GENDER            
Male 90 88 67 65 61 55
Female 55 57 44 44 30 33
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 107 106 85 83 62 57
White 100 97 79 76 59 52
Black or African American 23 25 10 15 20 20
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 * * * 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 11 13 9 12 7 5
Two or More Races 10 7 * 4 5 6
Hispanic or Latino 36 35 19 17 28 30
90331
Table 7.90D – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.43 0.44 0.77 0.81 0.50 0.46
AGE            
18 0.65 0.60 1.34 1.14 0.69 0.67
19 0.87 0.84 1.39 1.35 1.15 1.08
20 0.96 0.93 1.42 1.48 1.34 1.14
21 0.99 1.00 1.76 1.73 1.21 1.09
22 0.96 0.98 1.71 1.62 1.11 1.20
GENDER            
Male 0.69 0.66 1.31 1.22 0.79 0.73
Female 0.46 0.49 0.78 0.88 0.52 0.51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.48 0.49 0.84 0.88 0.56 0.51
White 0.57 0.60 0.97 1.05 0.69 0.63
Black or African American 0.73 0.74 0.99 1.22 0.98 0.93
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.10 2.51 * * * 2.70
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.22 1.38 1.55 1.99 2.04 1.38
Two or More Races 3.09 2.34 * 3.44 2.36 3.06
Hispanic or Latino 0.91 0.88 1.82 1.65 0.97 1.02
90331
Table 7.90P – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5610   0.3885   0.9303  
AGE            
18 0.5494   0.1005   0.6101  
19 0.4023   0.8203   0.3357  
20 0.7226   0.8715   0.5585  
21 0.6697   0.8739   0.7396  
22 0.4194   0.8242   0.2794  
GENDER            
Male 0.6925   0.3874   0.8613  
Female 0.6959   0.4998   0.6574  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4569   0.4894   0.7187  
White 0.2279   0.3570   0.4363  
Black or African American 0.1211   0.0523   0.5371  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.8421   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.7802   0.5224   0.5757  
Two or More Races 0.9670   *   0.0898  
Hispanic or Latino 0.7924   0.4938   0.4300  
90402
Table 7.91C – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 75 75 43 47 59 58
AGE            
18 33 35 14 21 29 29
19 33 36 20 25 27 28
20 34 30 20 20 28 22
21 34 26 19 15 28 21
22 25 27 13 14 21 24
GENDER            
Male 61 56 33 33 50 44
Female 40 47 24 31 31 35
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 71 67 40 42 56 51
White 61 59 36 38 47 45
Black or African American 31 23 10 14 28 19
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 12 7 9 5 9 5
Two or More Races 10 6 3 3 9 5
Hispanic or Latino 28 35 13 19 25 28
90402
Table 7.91D – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.32 0.34 0.45 0.51 0.43 0.44
AGE            
18 0.67 0.67 0.83 1.07 0.86 0.87
19 0.73 0.81 0.83 1.09 1.16 1.20
20 0.79 0.72 1.01 1.07 1.15 0.96
21 0.76 0.62 1.04 0.86 1.09 0.85
22 0.64 0.64 1.08 1.13 0.77 0.79
GENDER            
Male 0.52 0.48 0.74 0.74 0.66 0.62
Female 0.37 0.43 0.51 0.65 0.52 0.56
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.37 0.36 0.47 0.51 0.52 0.48
White 0.43 0.42 0.54 0.61 0.60 0.56
Black or African American 0.94 0.71 0.91 1.14 1.29 0.90
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.33 0.76 1.47 0.89 2.64 1.37
Two or More Races 2.83 2.03 2.50 2.76 4.23 2.74
Hispanic or Latino 0.69 0.92 1.31 1.88 0.83 0.97
90402
Table 7.91P – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9729   0.1591   0.2956  
AGE            
18 0.1644   0.1677   0.3268  
19 0.2161   0.0792   0.9186  
20 0.8288   0.2442   0.2030  
21 0.0028   0.0400   0.0227  
22 0.7211   0.5396   0.9888  
GENDER            
Male 0.0578   0.7293   0.0444  
Female 0.0115   0.0122   0.2784  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3748   0.3909   0.0669  
White 0.8541   0.4051   0.3269  
Black or African American 0.4530   0.1899   0.1528  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.0202   0.1396   0.0693  
Two or More Races 0.2654   0.9599   0.1974  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0429   0.1048   0.1611  
90402
Table 7.92C – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 122 112 91 77 79 74
AGE            
18 39 46 26 28 29 35
19 47 48 36 33 31 32
20 49 43 32 31 34 30
21 51 45 34 32 39 29
22 42 45 23 26 35 35
GENDER            
Male 86 83 58 57 65 58
Female 68 66 57 48 38 41
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 115 103 86 74 73 66
White 105 92 80 67 65 59
Black or African American 33 27 17 17 27 22
American Indian or Alaska Native * 5 * * 3 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 17 20 13 13 10 14
Two or More Races 13 10 * * 10 6
Hispanic or Latino 40 42 21 21 34 35
90402
Table 7.92D – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.44 0.44 0.73 0.72 0.55 0.52
AGE            
18 0.72 0.83 1.35 1.35 0.85 1.05
19 0.93 0.97 1.31 1.33 1.31 1.31
20 1.02 0.92 1.37 1.46 1.38 1.24
21 1.04 0.98 1.59 1.63 1.44 1.13
22 0.99 0.97 1.76 1.85 1.18 1.12
GENDER            
Male 0.66 0.63 1.11 1.08 0.82 0.77
Female 0.53 0.56 0.94 0.94 0.62 0.65
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.50 0.47 0.78 0.77 0.64 0.58
White 0.58 0.56 0.88 0.90 0.77 0.69
Black or African American 1.00 0.84 1.43 1.47 1.26 1.00
American Indian or Alaska Native * 4.39 * * 4.06 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.80 2.02 2.12 2.12 3.00 4.02
Two or More Races 3.64 3.04 * * 4.47 2.84
Hispanic or Latino 0.98 1.05 2.08 2.06 1.11 1.20
90402
Table 7.92P – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.6234   0.9800   0.4972  
AGE            
18 0.0505   0.8298   0.0250  
19 0.8896   0.7735   0.9228  
20 0.8335   0.4165   0.3186  
21 0.0393   0.3698   0.0614  
22 0.5913   0.4285   0.2498  
GENDER            
Male 0.3443   0.8503   0.2926  
Female 0.7072   0.9180   0.5040  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2752   0.8736   0.1704  
White 0.2125   0.8974   0.1190  
Black or African American 0.9931   0.9353   0.9468  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.6726   0.8535   0.6650  
Two or More Races 0.6886   *   0.3098  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2111   0.5720   0.2622  
90402
Table 7.93C – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 140 126 99 87 94 83
AGE            
18 46 50 29 32 36 39
19 53 52 40 37 36 36
20 58 49 36 35 42 33
21 56 49 36 34 43 34
22 47 49 25 27 39 39
GENDER            
Male 99 92 64 63 77 64
Female 77 75 60 54 45 47
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 131 116 94 82 87 74
White 120 104 86 75 77 67
Black or African American 42 32 18 21 35 25
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 20 20 15 13 12 15
Two or More Races 14 12 * * 11 7
Hispanic or Latino 45 49 22 26 39 40
90402
Table 7.93D – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.50 0.48 0.78 0.80 0.62 0.58
AGE            
18 0.85 0.88 1.44 1.50 1.03 1.11
19 1.02 1.04 1.40 1.47 1.51 1.44
20 1.16 1.02 1.50 1.59 1.61 1.35
21 1.10 1.05 1.65 1.69 1.52 1.26
22 1.07 1.02 1.87 1.92 1.28 1.20
GENDER            
Male 0.73 0.68 1.15 1.17 0.92 0.82
Female 0.59 0.63 0.99 1.04 0.71 0.74
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.57 0.52 0.82 0.84 0.74 0.64
White 0.65 0.61 0.91 0.97 0.89 0.76
Black or African American 1.20 0.96 1.55 1.66 1.52 1.13
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.10 2.08 2.47 2.20 3.54 4.17
Two or More Races 3.71 3.34 * * 4.61 3.58
Hispanic or Latino 1.04 1.19 2.14 2.39 1.21 1.33
90402
Table 7.93P – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5105   0.6146   0.1777  
AGE            
18 0.0759   0.5866   0.0634  
19 0.9409   0.9344   0.9881  
20 0.7264   0.2325   0.1327  
21 0.0124   0.2049   0.0278  
22 0.6581   0.2264   0.1870  
GENDER            
Male 0.1378   0.9404   0.0680  
Female 0.4846   0.5166   0.6292  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1780   0.8789   0.0394  
White 0.3006   0.8171   0.1026  
Black or African American 0.3117   0.7590   0.1494  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.8211   0.8140   0.9127  
Two or More Races 0.9451   *   0.5947  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1398   0.2613   0.2963  
90428
Table 7.94C – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met criteria in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. NSDUH respondents' SMI status is determined based on their responses to questions on distress (K6 scale) and impairment (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule [WHODAS] for half the sample, and Sheehan Disability Scale [SDS] for the other half). Regression models, based on clinical interviews conducted on a subset (n = 1,502) of NSDUH respondents, specify the distress and impairment levels predictive of having SMI. For details, see Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 64 39 50
AGE      
18 29 19 21
19 28 19 21
20 28 15 23
21 27 15 23
22 29 13 25
GENDER      
Male 38 23 31
Female 50 31 39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 56 36 43
White 49 31 39
Black or African American 19 11 15
American Indian or Alaska Native 2 * 2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 12 11 7
Two or More Races 9 * 8
Hispanic or Latino 28 13 25
90428
Table 7.94D – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met criteria in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. NSDUH respondents' SMI status is determined based on their responses to questions on distress (K6 scale) and impairment (World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule [WHODAS] for half the sample, and Sheehan Disability Scale [SDS] for the other half). Regression models, based on clinical interviews conducted on a subset (n = 1,502) of NSDUH respondents, specify the distress and impairment levels predictive of having SMI. For details, see Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.29 0.43 0.38
AGE      
18 0.56 0.98 0.67
19 0.61 0.83 0.91
20 0.68 0.84 1.01
21 0.66 0.89 0.93
22 0.69 1.07 0.81
GENDER      
Male 0.35 0.55 0.44
Female 0.45 0.65 0.64
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.45 0.41
White 0.35 0.52 0.50
Black or African American 0.56 0.89 0.74
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.92 * 1.58
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 1.36 1.85 2.00
Two or More Races 2.87 * 3.91
Hispanic or Latino 0.75 1.39 0.89
90721
Table 7.95C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown data for the Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 104 68 79
AGE      
18 51 41 34
19 48 28 37
20 35 21 28
21 48 25 41
22 45 24 38
GENDER      
Male 56 28 46
Female 85 55 65
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 96 62 73
White 77 44 62
Black or African American 37 23 30
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 17 18 *
Two or More Races * * *
Hispanic or Latino 43 22 36
90721
Table 7.95D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown data for the Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 0.47 0.76 0.59
AGE      
18 1.02 2.08 1.09
19 1.06 1.32 1.55
20 0.88 1.28 1.24
21 1.17 1.56 1.59
22 1.07 1.93 1.27
GENDER      
Male 0.51 0.68 0.67
Female 0.78 1.19 1.02
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.53 0.78 0.70
White 0.57 0.75 0.80
Black or African American 1.13 2.16 1.34
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.34 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 2.03 3.09 *
Two or More Races * * *
Hispanic or Latino 1.13 2.40 1.28
90330
Table 7.96C – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 278 281 586 570 596 584
12 2 4 2 4 2 4
13 2 1 4 1 4 1
14 6 5 7 6 8 6
15 11 9 12 10 13 11
16 19 18 20 19 23 21
17 26 27 28 28 31 32
18 36 38 46 38 50 45
19 42 41 51 51 54 55
20 46 42 59 48 63 51
21 43 38 63 60 64 63
22 38 37 57 62 61 63
23 34 32 53 61 54 64
24 33 34 52 54 53 56
25 29 29 49 46 50 49
26-29 96 111 178 202 186 209
30-34 94 97 175 182 181 187
35-39 85 93 200 192 204 192
40-44 92 86 183 187 189 193
45-49 86 87 191 196 190 206
50-54 106 92 270 246 270 249
55-59 76 74 232 198 237 202
60-64 32 47 160 148 161 148
65 or Older 45 37 132 127 134 132
90330
Table 7.96D – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.11 0.11 0.24 0.23 0.24 0.23
12 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.11 0.05 0.11
13 0.06 0.03 0.11 0.02 0.10 0.03
14 0.15 0.13 0.17 0.14 0.19 0.15
15 0.25 0.21 0.27 0.23 0.30 0.26
16 0.42 0.40 0.44 0.43 0.50 0.48
17 0.60 0.59 0.65 0.62 0.72 0.70
18 0.71 0.71 0.84 0.71 0.90 0.82
19 0.87 0.88 1.00 1.04 1.02 1.08
20 0.96 0.94 1.19 1.04 1.22 1.08
21 0.94 0.86 1.19 1.17 1.20 1.18
22 0.89 0.83 1.21 1.26 1.26 1.26
23 0.82 0.72 1.14 1.16 1.15 1.20
24 0.76 0.82 1.11 1.13 1.14 1.15
25 0.75 0.74 1.14 1.04 1.15 1.10
26-29 0.56 0.62 0.95 0.99 0.97 1.01
30-34 0.49 0.49 0.84 0.86 0.86 0.86
35-39 0.39 0.45 0.87 0.86 0.89 0.86
40-44 0.43 0.39 0.79 0.79 0.81 0.81
45-49 0.38 0.38 0.77 0.79 0.77 0.83
50-54 0.49 0.42 1.14 1.08 1.14 1.10
55-59 0.41 0.42 1.18 1.04 1.21 1.05
60-64 0.24 0.31 1.15 0.94 1.16 0.94
65 or Older 0.12 0.10 0.36 0.34 0.37 0.35
90330
Table 7.96P – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Age Category Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9812   0.3539   0.4184  
12 0.5538   0.4553   0.4433  
13 0.1182   0.0195   0.0081  
14 0.3632   0.4149   0.2363  
15 0.5703   0.4244   0.3292  
16 0.4572   0.8139   0.5616  
17 0.6807   0.2194   0.2043  
18 0.6897   0.1891   0.7764  
19 0.9027   0.6155   0.9839  
20 0.9222   0.1125   0.1567  
21 0.0664   0.1876   0.3350  
22 0.3004   0.5541   0.7347  
23 0.2912   0.8862   0.8017  
24 0.1824   0.5059   0.2337  
25 0.3014   0.3065   0.1833  
26-29 0.2372   0.0215   0.0327  
30-34 0.7936   0.9121   0.9258  
35-39 0.3768   0.5596   0.5533  
40-44 0.4288   0.1747   0.1553  
45-49 0.9524   0.6441   0.4160  
50-54 0.6367   0.2036   0.2179  
55-59 0.9056   0.8270   0.6749  
60-64 0.6613   0.6468   0.7763  
65 or Older 0.5179   0.4089   0.4984  
90330
Table 7.97C – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 278 281 586 570 596 584
AGE            
12-17 35 34 38 37 43 42
18-25 102 102 141 136 145 141
26 or Older 243 246 555 541 562 555
GENDER            
Male 242 228 453 440 465 447
Female 124 141 317 324 324 331
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 265 262 544 531 555 548
White 235 240 510 487 520 501
Black or African American 110 91 157 165 167 173
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 7 36 10 36 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 8 5 26 18 26 18
Asian 33 23 99 93 100 94
Two or More Races 30 30 58 49 60 54
Hispanic or Latino 84 90 172 190 174 192
90330
Table 7.97D – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.11 0.11 0.24 0.23 0.24 0.23
AGE            
12-17 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.17
18-25 0.31 0.31 0.43 0.41 0.44 0.43
26 or Older 0.13 0.13 0.29 0.28 0.30 0.29
GENDER            
Male 0.20 0.19 0.38 0.36 0.39 0.37
Female 0.10 0.11 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.12 0.12 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.25
White 0.14 0.14 0.30 0.29 0.31 0.30
Black or African American 0.38 0.31 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.59
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.32 0.69 2.74 1.06 2.75 1.12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.17 0.57 3.53 2.00 3.53 2.03
Asian 0.31 0.22 0.92 0.84 0.93 0.84
Two or More Races 1.09 1.01 1.97 1.58 2.04 1.74
Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.26 0.50 0.54 0.51 0.55
90330
Table 7.97P – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9812   0.3539   0.4184  
AGE            
12-17 0.5235   0.2780   0.1801  
18-25 0.6569   0.3958   0.9084  
26 or Older 0.7605   0.4539   0.4400  
GENDER            
Male 0.3497   0.2223   0.1993  
Female 0.0806   0.9868   0.7714  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9029   0.1677   0.1856  
White 0.7863   0.2649   0.2846  
Black or African American 0.6518   0.9946   0.9124  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5169   0.0287   0.0744  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.1600   0.2909   0.3054  
Asian 1.0000   0.7243   0.7198  
Two or More Races 0.3281   0.3616   0.4408  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6150   0.2547   0.1593  
90330
Table 7.98C – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 275 280 583 565 593 580
GENDER            
Male 240 227 452 438 464 445
Female 121 139 316 324 322 331
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 262 261 542 528 553 546
White 239 247 577 574 589 594
Black or African American 114 93 173 177 187 187
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 7 37 10 37 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 8 5 * 18 * 18
Asian 32 23 99 93 100 94
Two or More Races 29 29 58 48 60 53
Hispanic or Latino 83 89 172 189 173 191
EDUCATION            
< High School 103 82 191 150 195 156
High School Graduate 149 157 273 298 290 306
Some College 153 151 329 330 335 341
College Graduate 139 159 385 400 391 409
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 235 224 536 554 544 562
Part-Time 90 102 193 207 198 214
Unemployed 53 76 96 92 98 102
Other1 106 110 226 219 237 232
90330
Table 7.98D – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.27 0.26
GENDER            
Male 0.22 0.21 0.42 0.40 0.43 0.41
Female 0.10 0.12 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.28
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.14 0.13 0.28 0.27 0.29 0.28
White 0.15 0.15 0.33 0.31 0.34 0.32
Black or African American 0.43 0.35 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.67
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.52 0.75 3.20 1.20 3.20 1.25
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.30 0.63 * 2.25 * 2.28
Asian 0.34 0.23 1.03 0.93 1.04 0.93
Two or More Races 1.28 1.18 2.33 1.90 2.40 2.07
Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.29 0.58 0.62 0.58 0.63
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.28 0.24 0.52 0.42 0.53 0.44
High School Graduate 0.22 0.22 0.38 0.41 0.40 0.41
Some College 0.26 0.26 0.51 0.52 0.52 0.53
College Graduate 0.23 0.25 0.55 0.54 0.56 0.56
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.19 0.18 0.39 0.39 0.40 0.39
Part-Time 0.31 0.34 0.61 0.64 0.62 0.66
Unemployed 0.74 0.84 1.22 1.00 1.24 1.11
Other1 0.16 0.17 0.34 0.33 0.36 0.35
90330
Table 7.98P – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9359   0.3509   0.4306  
GENDER            
Male 0.3840   0.2455   0.2229  
Female 0.0767   0.9385   0.8124  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9662   0.1643   0.1948  
White 0.7023   0.2706   0.3107  
Black or African American 0.6186   0.9067   0.8505  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5005   0.0327   0.0752  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.1906   *   *  
Asian 0.9646   0.7538   0.7424  
Two or More Races 0.2984   0.3753   0.4172  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6617   0.2469   0.1624  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.0958   0.0794   0.0870  
High School Graduate 0.3061   0.1038   0.1535  
Some College 0.3714   0.2201   0.2474  
College Graduate 0.2867   0.2411   0.3873  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.5471   0.4096   0.3169  
Part-Time 0.6295   0.7590   0.9906  
Unemployed 0.4221   0.0183   0.1149  
Other1 0.8129   0.9732   0.9120  
120411
Table 7.99C (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 275 279 584 566 594 582
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 93 117 215 246 219 250
New England 51 62 108 125 109 126
Middle Atlantic 77 99 181 210 187 214
Midwest 127 105 261 236 273 238
East North Central 102 96 209 192 220 197
West North Central 74 43 149 137 156 136
South 183 168 356 370 364 375
South Atlantic 146 133 262 274 271 279
East South Central 70 57 121 132 123 139
West South Central 86 89 203 195 203 195
West 141 162 305 281 308 294
Mountain 66 64 141 142 141 144
Pacific 125 148 273 241 276 255
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 200 229 503 537 507 555
Small Metro 177 144 364 315 372 327
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 153 123 310 277 317 287
< 250K Pop. 93 78 206 170 213 175
Nonmetro 94 86 206 221 215 223
Urbanized 69 56 158 158 163 160
Less Urbanized 63 63 139 145 149 147
Completely Rural 23 16 46 72 51 73
120411
Table 7.99D (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.27 0.26
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 0.22 0.28 0.52 0.59 0.53 0.60
New England 0.47 0.57 1.00 1.15 1.00 1.15
Middle Atlantic 0.25 0.32 0.59 0.68 0.61 0.70
Midwest 0.26 0.21 0.53 0.48 0.55 0.48
East North Central 0.30 0.28 0.61 0.56 0.64 0.57
West North Central 0.50 0.29 1.01 0.92 1.05 0.91
South 0.23 0.21 0.44 0.45 0.45 0.46
South Atlantic 0.34 0.31 0.61 0.63 0.63 0.64
East South Central 0.53 0.43 0.91 0.99 0.93 1.04
West South Central 0.35 0.35 0.82 0.78 0.82 0.78
West 0.28 0.31 0.60 0.54 0.60 0.57
Mountain 0.43 0.41 0.91 0.90 0.91 0.92
Pacific 0.35 0.41 0.76 0.67 0.77 0.71
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.17 0.19 0.39 0.38 0.39 0.39
Small Metro 0.25 0.21 0.45 0.42 0.46 0.43
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.32 0.26 0.55 0.53 0.56 0.54
< 250K Pop. 0.42 0.34 0.83 0.74 0.86 0.75
Nonmetro 0.25 0.22 0.52 0.54 0.54 0.54
Urbanized 0.43 0.35 0.88 0.87 0.90 0.89
Less Urbanized 0.35 0.33 0.68 0.73 0.74 0.73
Completely Rural 0.48 0.46 1.07 1.78 1.10 1.82
120411
Table 7.99P (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drug
(2007)
Illicit Drug
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2007)
Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9430   0.4122   0.4948  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 0.1256   0.0904   0.0481  
New England 0.7494   0.7233   0.5223  
Middle Atlantic 0.1059   0.0683   0.0489  
Midwest 0.2443   0.3038   0.2905  
East North Central 0.9775   0.0630   0.0695  
West North Central 0.0234   0.4146   0.4580  
South 0.7427   0.5206   0.3882  
South Atlantic 0.7049   0.6686   0.5506  
East South Central 0.3121   0.8483   0.9779  
West South Central 0.5715   0.6357   0.4430  
West 0.7512   0.2153   0.3680  
Mountain 0.7876   0.0729   0.0619  
Pacific 0.6255   0.6490   0.9717  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.0829   0.2376   0.1341  
Small Metro 0.2828   0.0259   0.0259  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.2365   0.0952   0.0801  
< 250K Pop. 0.8869   0.1430   0.1726  
Nonmetro 0.0492   0.0966   0.0491  
Urbanized 0.0335   0.0855   0.0485  
Less Urbanized 0.4913   0.1543   0.1238  
Completely Rural 0.5310   0.2269   0.2980  
90401
Table 7.100C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 441 423 105 100 441 430
Marijuana and Hashish 353 374 83 91 349 378
Cocaine 149 130 44 42 142 123
Crack 80 55 27 24 74 49
Heroin 36 39 17 15 32 36
Hallucinogens 72 65 19 29 69 57
LSD 32 16 5 6 32 14
PCP 11 * 3 6 11 *
Ecstasy 54 50 17 24 52 42
Inhalants 62 67 26 10 56 66
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 249 222 71 76 245 209
Pain Relievers 212 193 54 58 206 183
OxyContin® 53 57 16 30 50 49
Tranquilizers 128 118 33 54 125 102
Stimulants4 93 73 36 18 84 71
Methamphetamine4 79 52 30 9 72 51
Sedatives 68 36 11 7 67 35
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
303 259 79 83 299 248
90401
Table 7.100D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.20 0.19 1.76 1.80 0.20 0.19
Marijuana and Hashish 0.16 0.17 1.51 1.63 0.16 0.17
Cocaine 0.07 0.06 0.83 0.79 0.07 0.06
Crack 0.04 0.02 0.53 0.47 0.03 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.33 0.29 0.01 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.03 0.03 0.38 0.55 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.10 0.12 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 * 0.05 0.12 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.02 0.02 0.34 0.46 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.03 0.51 0.19 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.11 0.10 1.29 1.38 0.11 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.10 0.09 1.02 1.08 0.09 0.08
OxyContin® 0.02 0.03 0.31 0.58 0.02 0.02
Tranquilizers 0.06 0.05 0.64 1.01 0.06 0.05
Stimulants4 0.04 0.03 0.68 0.35 0.04 0.03
Methamphetamine4 0.04 0.02 0.58 0.18 0.03 0.02
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.22 0.13 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.14 0.12 1.40 1.50 0.13 0.11
90401
Table 7.100P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.8149   0.0688   0.6004  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2028   0.6706   0.1955  
Cocaine 0.2346   0.7002   0.2080  
Crack 0.0104   0.6103   0.0091  
Heroin 0.3660   0.8541   0.2557  
Hallucinogens 0.9107   0.2342   0.4890  
LSD 0.7269   0.4233   0.5810  
PCP *   0.6394   *  
Ecstasy 0.9214   0.4395   0.7864  
Inhalants 0.6063   0.6315   0.4888  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.0629   0.4103   0.0884  
Pain Relievers 0.1917   0.8776   0.1683  
OxyContin® 0.4377   0.4156   0.6415  
Tranquilizers 0.9102   0.2757   0.6439  
Stimulants4 0.2307   0.0667   0.5133  
Methamphetamine4 0.0248   0.0281   0.0993  
Sedatives 0.1308   0.3970   0.1655  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.0774   0.5310   0.0810  
90401
Table 7.101C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 341 333 97 89 353 341
Marijuana and Hashish 294 294 82 79 296 291
Cocaine 127 116 44 42 120 111
Crack 68 51 27 24 61 44
Heroin 29 32 17 15 23 29
Hallucinogens 71 64 19 28 68 57
LSD 32 16 5 6 32 14
PCP 12 7 3 6 11 *
Ecstasy 54 49 17 23 52 42
Inhalants 41 54 6 10 40 53
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 175 183 62 60 174 179
Pain Relievers 153 159 47 56 154 151
OxyContin® 34 55 16 30 30 46
Tranquilizers 87 104 23 30 84 99
Stimulants4 76 67 36 18 67 65
Methamphetamine4 63 46 30 9 54 46
Sedatives 35 28 11 7 33 28
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
219 217 70 68 219 214
90401
Table 7.101D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.26 0.25 1.80 1.78 0.25 0.25
Marijuana and Hashish 0.22 0.22 1.60 1.61 0.22 0.22
Cocaine 0.10 0.09 0.92 0.91 0.09 0.09
Crack 0.05 0.04 0.58 0.54 0.05 0.03
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.37 0.34 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.05 0.05 0.42 0.62 0.05 0.04
LSD 0.02 0.01 0.11 0.14 0.02 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.14 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.04 0.04 0.38 0.51 0.04 0.03
Inhalants 0.03 0.04 0.14 0.23 0.03 0.04
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.13 0.14 1.25 1.27 0.13 0.14
Pain Relievers 0.12 0.12 1.01 1.21 0.12 0.12
OxyContin® 0.03 0.04 0.35 0.67 0.02 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.07 0.08 0.49 0.68 0.06 0.08
Stimulants4 0.06 0.05 0.75 0.40 0.05 0.05
Methamphetamine4 0.05 0.03 0.64 0.21 0.04 0.04
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.25 0.15 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.16 0.16 1.39 1.43 0.16 0.16
90401
Table 7.101P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.7322   0.1211   0.4626  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3847   0.7375   0.3526  
Cocaine 0.2765   0.8617   0.2850  
Crack 0.0192   0.6942   0.0151  
Heroin 0.3226   0.9131   0.1850  
Hallucinogens 0.9899   0.2429   0.5936  
LSD 0.7516   0.3747   0.5978  
PCP 0.1095   0.6157   *  
Ecstasy 0.9689   0.5054   0.8048  
Inhalants 0.4898   0.2632   0.6083  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.4393   0.3811   0.6487  
Pain Relievers 0.4339   0.7839   0.3471  
OxyContin® 0.1592   0.3700   0.2586  
Tranquilizers 0.1896   0.2293   0.2467  
Stimulants4 0.4192   0.0824   0.8776  
Methamphetamine4 0.0392   0.0308   0.1782  
Sedatives 0.2831   0.4360   0.3840  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA2
0.3317   0.5502   0.4360  
90401
Table 7.102C – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 441 423 105 100 441 430
AGE            
18-49 341 333 97 89 353 341
18-25 127 127 46 42 154 146
26-34 183 188 55 71 185 188
35-49 212 217 58 31 213 221
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 338 315 92 87 342 327
Male 18-49 262 247 84 76 271 259
Female 18 or Older 237 246 44 45 240 245
Female 18-49 182 192 44 44 189 193
90401
Table 7.102D – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.20 0.19 1.76 1.80 0.20 0.19
AGE            
18-49 0.26 0.25 1.80 1.78 0.25 0.25
18-25 0.39 0.38 2.00 1.95 0.40 0.38
26-34 0.52 0.53 3.97 3.99 0.51 0.52
35-49 0.33 0.34 3.43 2.38 0.33 0.34
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.32 0.29 2.25 2.22 0.32 0.30
Male 18-49 0.40 0.38 2.30 2.21 0.40 0.38
Female 18 or Older 0.21 0.21 2.80 2.70 0.20 0.21
Female 18-49 0.27 0.29 2.99 2.86 0.27 0.29
90401
Table 7.102P – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.8149   0.0688   0.6004  
AGE            
18-49 0.7322   0.1211   0.4626  
18-25 0.8154   0.0994   0.6984  
26-34 0.7043   0.5195   0.9902  
35-49 0.8550   0.0049   0.4676  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.2269   0.0821   0.3964  
Male 18-49 0.1934   0.1940   0.3519  
Female 18 or Older 0.0426   0.6112   0.0424  
Female 18-49 0.0213   0.5075   0.0151  
90401
Table 7.103C – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 228 205 77 72 210 191
AGE            
18-49 192 190 69 72 181 179
18-25 79 83 33 28 79 84
26-34 110 114 40 55 103 106
35-49 122 115 44 35 115 110
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 187 160 70 60 172 149
Male 18-49 163 148 60 60 153 138
Female 18 or Older 109 121 32 40 104 112
Female 18-49 87 111 32 38 83 104
90401
Table 7.103D – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.10 0.09 1.41 1.31 0.10 0.09
AGE            
18-49 0.14 0.14 1.40 1.45 0.14 0.13
18-25 0.24 0.25 1.65 1.48 0.24 0.25
26-34 0.31 0.32 3.10 3.32 0.30 0.30
35-49 0.19 0.18 2.69 2.61 0.18 0.17
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.17 0.15 1.82 1.62 0.17 0.14
Male 18-49 0.25 0.22 1.79 1.82 0.24 0.21
Female 18 or Older 0.09 0.10 2.11 2.35 0.09 0.10
Female 18-49 0.13 0.17 2.31 2.51 0.12 0.16
90401
Table 7.103P – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.9426   0.1208   0.5529  
AGE            
18-49 0.3362   0.4328   0.1516  
18-25 0.6904   0.0279   0.5426  
26-34 0.1068   0.3804   0.2235  
35-49 0.8243   0.3784   0.5117  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.0815   0.0614   0.2533  
Male 18-49 0.2955   0.3512   0.5464  
Female 18 or Older 0.0064   0.7509   0.0066  
Female 18-49 0.0006   0.8624   0.0004  
90401
Table 7.104C – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 450 421 130 123 454 427
AGE            
18-49 346 345 116 110 363 368
18-25 127 124 48 43 159 156
26-34 192 211 76 86 197 217
35-49 233 226 74 58 235 232
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 382 343 124 106 387 351
Male 18-49 292 274 109 94 298 289
Female 18 or Older 217 240 41 60 218 240
Female 18-49 164 195 39 56 172 205
90401
Table 7.104D – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.20 0.19 1.97 1.92 0.20 0.18
AGE            
18-49 0.26 0.26 1.95 1.90 0.25 0.26
18-25 0.39 0.38 2.00 1.82 0.39 0.38
26-34 0.55 0.59 4.80 4.25 0.52 0.58
35-49 0.36 0.35 4.03 3.98 0.35 0.35
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.36 0.32 2.45 2.50 0.35 0.31
Male 18-49 0.44 0.42 2.45 2.47 0.44 0.41
Female 18 or Older 0.19 0.21 2.67 3.30 0.19 0.20
Female 18-49 0.25 0.29 2.73 3.28 0.24 0.29
90401
Table 7.104P – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.6790   0.2246   0.7968  
AGE            
18-49 0.5131   0.9455   0.4770  
18-25 0.8466   0.2245   0.4544  
26-34 0.0650   0.0950   0.2111  
35-49 0.3639   0.1393   0.5771  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.0325   0.0510   0.0807  
Male 18-49 0.1628   0.5370   0.2328  
Female 18 or Older 0.0086   0.1737   0.0274  
Female 18-49 0.0005   0.1851   0.0018  
90401
Table 7.105C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 441 423 55 42 449 436
Marijuana and Hashish 353 374 39 37 357 385
Cocaine 149 130 19 21 148 127
Crack 80 55 18 14 78 53
Heroin 36 39 7 1 35 39
Hallucinogens 72 65 7 16 71 62
LSD 32 16 3 * 32 16
PCP 11 * 2 0 11 *
Ecstasy 54 50 7 10 54 49
Inhalants 62 67 3 3 62 67
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 249 222 45 19 251 220
Pain Relievers 212 193 31 12 211 191
OxyContin® 53 57 2 2 52 57
Tranquilizers 128 118 27 14 126 117
Stimulants5 93 73 23 10 89 71
Methamphetamine5 79 52 21 9 77 49
Sedatives 68 36 9 5 67 35
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
303 259 42 30 307 258
90401
Table 7.105D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.20 0.19 3.20 2.61 0.20 0.19
Marijuana and Hashish 0.16 0.17 2.39 2.32 0.16 0.17
Cocaine 0.07 0.06 1.15 1.26 0.07 0.06
Crack 0.04 0.02 1.09 0.85 0.04 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.42 0.09 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.03 0.03 0.48 0.98 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.21 * 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 * 0.10 0.02 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.02 0.02 0.41 0.59 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.03 0.17 0.17 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.11 0.10 2.66 1.19 0.11 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.10 0.09 1.87 0.78 0.09 0.09
OxyContin® 0.02 0.03 0.11 0.09 0.02 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.06 0.05 1.64 0.88 0.06 0.05
Stimulants5 0.04 0.03 1.41 0.59 0.04 0.03
Methamphetamine5 0.04 0.02 1.26 0.54 0.03 0.02
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.55 0.28 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
0.14 0.12 2.50 1.87 0.14 0.12
90401
Table 7.105P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.8149   0.1632   0.7268  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2028   0.7259   0.2036  
Cocaine 0.2346   0.8022   0.1961  
Crack 0.0104   0.3901   0.0153  
Heroin 0.3660   0.2815   0.2625  
Hallucinogens 0.9107   0.2642   0.6944  
LSD 0.7269   *   0.7985  
PCP *   0.3676   *  
Ecstasy 0.9214   0.7416   0.9779  
Inhalants 0.6063   0.7578   0.6154  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.0629   0.0258   0.1262  
Pain Relievers 0.1917   0.0263   0.2793  
OxyContin® 0.4377   0.7950   0.4243  
Tranquilizers 0.9102   0.4637   0.9058  
Stimulants5 0.2307   0.2891   0.3099  
Methamphetamine5 0.0248   0.4651   0.0308  
Sedatives 0.1308   0.4235   0.1583  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
0.0774   0.4023   0.0946  
90401
Table 7.106C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 341 333 50 36 363 348
Marijuana and Hashish 294 294 39 31 307 300
Cocaine 127 116 19 21 127 116
Crack 68 51 18 14 66 49
Heroin 29 32 7 1 28 33
Hallucinogens 71 64 7 14 70 62
LSD 32 16 3 * 32 16
PCP 12 7 2 0 11 7
Ecstasy 54 49 7 6 54 48
Inhalants 41 54 3 3 40 54
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 175 183 38 16 178 186
Pain Relievers 153 159 31 12 155 160
OxyContin® 34 55 2 2 34 55
Tranquilizers 87 104 12 10 86 104
Stimulants5 76 67 23 10 73 66
Methamphetamine5 63 46 * 9 59 45
Sedatives 35 28 9 * 34 28
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
219 217 34 28 225 221
90401
Table 7.106D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.26 0.25 3.42 2.60 0.26 0.25
Marijuana and Hashish 0.22 0.22 2.78 2.25 0.22 0.22
Cocaine 0.10 0.09 1.35 1.48 0.10 0.09
Crack 0.05 0.04 1.28 1.00 0.05 0.04
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.50 0.11 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.05 0.05 0.56 1.03 0.05 0.05
LSD 0.02 0.01 0.25 * 0.02 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.12 0.03 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.04 0.04 0.48 0.44 0.04 0.04
Inhalants 0.03 0.04 0.20 0.21 0.03 0.04
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.13 0.14 2.66 1.20 0.13 0.14
Pain Relievers 0.12 0.12 2.18 0.92 0.11 0.12
OxyContin® 0.03 0.04 0.13 0.11 0.03 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.07 0.08 0.85 0.73 0.06 0.08
Stimulants5 0.06 0.05 1.65 0.70 0.06 0.05
Methamphetamine5 0.05 0.03 * 0.64 0.05 0.03
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.64 * 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
0.16 0.16 2.45 2.00 0.16 0.16
90401
Table 7.106P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 0.7322   0.0763   0.5869  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3847   0.3391   0.3582  
Cocaine 0.2765   0.7901   0.2723  
Crack 0.0192   0.3946   0.0283  
Heroin 0.3226   0.2822   0.2080  
Hallucinogens 0.9899   0.4379   0.8220  
LSD 0.7516   *   0.8227  
PCP 0.1095   0.3686   0.1327  
Ecstasy 0.9689   0.6959   0.9496  
Inhalants 0.4898   0.7534   0.5019  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 0.4393   0.0243   0.7022  
Pain Relievers 0.4339   0.0264   0.6186  
OxyContin® 0.1592   0.8002   0.1518  
Tranquilizers 0.1896   0.6104   0.1313  
Stimulants5 0.4192   0.2903   0.5610  
Methamphetamine5 0.0392   *   0.0518  
Sedatives 0.2831   *   0.3652  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN
MARIJUANA3
0.3317   0.4257   0.4182  
90401
Table 7.107C – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 441 423 55 42 449 436
AGE            
18-49 341 333 50 36 363 348
18-25 127 127 23 16 159 153
26-34 183 188 * * 193 197
35-49 212 217 * * 216 222
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 338 315 54 38 346 333
Male 18-49 262 247 49 33 278 265
Female 18 or Older 237 246 10 * 243 248
Female 18-49 182 192 10 * 192 197
90401
Table 7.107D – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.20 0.19 3.20 2.61 0.20 0.19
AGE            
18-49 0.26 0.25 3.42 2.60 0.26 0.25
18-25 0.39 0.38 4.12 3.49 0.39 0.38
26-34 0.52 0.53 * * 0.52 0.53
35-49 0.33 0.34 * * 0.33 0.34
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.32 0.29 3.91 2.97 0.32 0.29
Male 18-49 0.40 0.38 4.03 3.01 0.40 0.38
Female 18 or Older 0.21 0.21 3.29 * 0.20 0.21
Female 18-49 0.27 0.29 4.41 * 0.27 0.29
90401
Table 7.107P – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.8149   0.1632   0.7268  
AGE            
18-49 0.7322   0.0763   0.5869  
18-25 0.8154   0.1883   0.9952  
26-34 0.7043   *   0.7687  
35-49 0.8550   *   0.6774  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.2269   0.0695   0.3220  
Male 18-49 0.1934   0.0591   0.2985  
Female 18 or Older 0.0426   *   0.0531  
Female 18-49 0.0213   *   0.0216  
90401
Table 7.108C – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 228 205 42 39 222 202
AGE            
18-49 192 190 34 38 194 191
18-25 79 83 16 15 85 87
26-34 110 114 * * 110 115
35-49 122 115 * * 121 115
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 187 160 41 36 184 156
Male 18-49 163 148 33 36 164 146
Female 18 or Older 109 121 9 * 109 119
Female 18-49 87 111 9 * 88 112
90401
Table 7.108D – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.10 0.09 2.57 2.36 0.10 0.09
AGE            
18-49 0.14 0.14 2.53 2.64 0.14 0.14
18-25 0.24 0.25 3.33 3.33 0.24 0.25
26-34 0.31 0.32 * * 0.31 0.31
35-49 0.19 0.18 * * 0.19 0.18
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.17 0.15 3.10 2.76 0.17 0.14
Male 18-49 0.25 0.22 2.92 3.13 0.25 0.22
Female 18 or Older 0.09 0.10 2.80 * 0.09 0.10
Female 18-49 0.13 0.17 3.83 * 0.13 0.17
90401
Table 7.108P – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.9426   0.7555   0.8666  
AGE            
18-49 0.3362   0.9936   0.3105  
18-25 0.6904   0.5554   0.8377  
26-34 0.1068   *   0.1722  
35-49 0.8243   *   0.6852  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.0815   0.5187   0.1072  
Male 18-49 0.2955   0.9913   0.3085  
Female 18 or Older 0.0064   *   0.0083  
Female 18-49 0.0006   *   0.0007  
90401
Table 7.109C – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 450 421 89 56 468 441
AGE            
18-49 346 345 84 50 375 381
18-25 127 124 25 20 167 163
26-34 192 211 * * 205 228
35-49 233 226 * * 241 238
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 382 343 87 49 400 363
Male 18-49 292 274 81 48 311 301
Female 18 or Older 217 240 * * 221 246
Female 18-49 164 195 * * 176 212
90401
Table 7.109D – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.20 0.19 4.17 3.19 0.20 0.19
AGE            
18-49 0.26 0.26 4.39 3.32 0.26 0.26
18-25 0.39 0.38 4.11 3.86 0.39 0.38
26-34 0.55 0.59 * * 0.53 0.59
35-49 0.36 0.35 * * 0.36 0.35
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.36 0.32 4.80 3.61 0.35 0.32
Male 18-49 0.44 0.42 5.01 3.95 0.43 0.42
Female 18 or Older 0.19 0.21 * * 0.19 0.21
Female 18-49 0.25 0.29 * * 0.24 0.30
90401
Table 7.109P – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.6790   0.0745   0.8282  
AGE            
18-49 0.5131   0.0753   0.3672  
18-25 0.8466   0.3101   0.6787  
26-34 0.0650   *   0.0554  
35-49 0.3639   *   0.4701  
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 0.0325   0.0314   0.0662  
Male 18-49 0.1628   0.1583   0.2454  
Female 18 or Older 0.0086   *   0.0130  
Female 18-49 0.0005   *   0.0005  
120411
Table 7.110C (REVISED) – No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 97 82 68 61 87 79
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 22 22 23 17 23
Asian or Pacific Islander 64 64 65 66 65 66
Asian Only 62 63 64 64 62 64
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 34 30 25 24 29 27
White 84 76 58 55 77 72
Two or More Races 29 31 30 32 30 32
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 41 42 29 31 37 39
Not Hispanic or Latino 88 71 60 54 78 67
Black or African American 119 115 126 122 128 121
White 195 201 219 217 201 208
GENDER            
Male 70 57 54 43 61 53
Female 65 59 44 44 61 56
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 111 106 120 111 117 110
100-199% 105 116 112 123 111 120
200% or More 221 219 246 237 226 226
REGION            
Northeast 37 34 23 27 35 32
Midwest 35 32 27 23 32 31
South 58 45 42 35 51 42
West 54 49 39 37 49 46
120411
Table 7.110D (REVISED) – No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.38 0.33 0.27 0.25 0.34 0.32
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.74 2.44 2.60 2.12 3.82 2.18
Asian or Pacific Islander 1.56 1.27 1.22 0.91 1.56 1.08
Asian Only 1.67 1.31 1.29 0.87 1.67 1.10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 0.86 0.77 0.62 0.61 0.72 0.69
White 0.44 0.40 0.30 0.29 0.40 0.38
Two or More Races 1.50 1.96 1.19 1.73 1.30 1.76
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.88 0.88 0.62 0.66 0.80 0.82
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.43 0.35 0.29 0.27 0.38 0.33
Black or African American 0.88 0.76 0.64 0.59 0.74 0.68
White 0.49 0.44 0.33 0.32 0.44 0.41
GENDER            
Male 0.55 0.45 0.42 0.34 0.47 0.41
Female 0.53 0.49 0.35 0.36 0.49 0.46
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 0.89 0.78 0.67 0.62 0.76 0.71
100-199% 0.75 0.68 0.61 0.52 0.66 0.63
200% or More 0.49 0.45 0.32 0.32 0.45 0.42
REGION            
Northeast 0.83 0.78 0.51 0.62 0.78 0.74
Midwest 0.62 0.58 0.48 0.42 0.57 0.55
South 0.64 0.50 0.46 0.39 0.56 0.47
West 0.89 0.82 0.65 0.61 0.80 0.77
120411
Table 7.110P (REVISED) – No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.0002   0.4381   0.0061  
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3515   0.8115   0.2621  
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.1961   0.1109   0.2307  
Asian Only 0.1361   0.0344   0.2207  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *  
Black or African American 0.1907   0.1832   0.7995  
White 0.0010   0.7443   0.0054  
Two or More Races 0.3428   0.0508   0.7132  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.7586   0.3915   0.7460  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0001   0.1841   0.0037  
Black or African American 0.0981   0.1059   0.9063  
White 0.0007   0.4753   0.0029  
GENDER            
Male 0.0007   0.2955   0.0128  
Female 0.0946   0.9671   0.1551  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)3            
Less Than 100% 0.0167   0.9305   0.0932  
100-199% 0.1651   0.1366   0.6158  
200% or More 0.0143   0.9639   0.0209  
REGION            
Northeast 0.4426   0.0957   0.1804  
Midwest 0.0113   0.4270   0.0606  
South 0.0038   0.0212   0.0796  
West 0.2180   0.6519   0.3726  
120411
Table 7.111C (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10b and 26-11d (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 68 61 56 54 69 57
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 8 7 7 14 7
Asian or Pacific Islander 15 10 15 6 17 8
Asian Only 14 9 15 3 17 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * 2 * 1 *
Black or African American 25 24 20 21 20 17
White 58 55 48 49 62 55
Two or More Races 6 11 6 10 4 9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 29 31 23 28 29 28
Not Hispanic or Latino 60 54 51 47 62 51
Black or African American 28 25 21 21 21 17
White 53 53 44 46 60 53
GENDER            
Male 54 43 44 38 51 41
Female 44 44 35 39 45 42
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 33 29 27 25 31 24
100-199% 35 31 27 25 29 28
200% or More 53 54 44 47 59 53
REGION            
Northeast 23 27 21 24 28 27
Midwest 27 23 23 21 27 23
South 42 35 32 31 42 33
West 39 37 34 32 38 32
120411
Table 7.111D (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10b and 26-11d (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.27 0.25 0.22 0.22 0.27 0.23
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.60 2.12 2.11 2.05 3.80 1.90
Asian or Pacific Islander 1.22 0.91 1.27 0.55 1.40 0.70
Asian Only 1.29 0.87 1.39 0.35 1.53 0.61
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * 1.79 * 0.86 *
Black or African American 0.62 0.61 0.50 0.54 0.50 0.43
White 0.30 0.29 0.25 0.26 0.32 0.29
Two or More Races 1.19 1.73 1.06 1.60 0.85 1.51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.62 0.66 0.50 0.59 0.62 0.60
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.27 0.25 0.23 0.30 0.25
Black or African American 0.64 0.59 0.52 0.51 0.52 0.43
White 0.33 0.32 0.28 0.28 0.36 0.32
GENDER            
Male 0.42 0.34 0.34 0.30 0.40 0.32
Female 0.35 0.36 0.29 0.32 0.37 0.35
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 0.67 0.62 0.56 0.56 0.63 0.54
100-199% 0.61 0.52 0.48 0.44 0.52 0.49
200% or More 0.32 0.32 0.27 0.29 0.34 0.32
REGION            
Northeast 0.51 0.62 0.47 0.56 0.63 0.62
Midwest 0.48 0.42 0.41 0.38 0.47 0.42
South 0.46 0.39 0.35 0.34 0.47 0.37
West 0.65 0.61 0.57 0.54 0.63 0.54
120411
Table 7.111P (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10b and 26-11d (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4381   0.9802   0.0132  
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.8115   0.4020   0.1702  
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.1109   0.0828   0.1468  
Asian Only 0.0344   0.0243   0.0579  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *  
Black or African American 0.1832   0.7694   0.8338  
White 0.7443   0.8666   0.0242  
Two or More Races 0.0508   0.0786   0.1593  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.3915   0.6247   0.6167  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1841   0.7906   0.0140  
Black or African American 0.1059   0.9810   0.7410  
White 0.4753   0.7556   0.0303  
GENDER            
Male 0.2955   0.6049   0.0011  
Female 0.9671   0.5898   0.9590  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)4            
Less Than 100% 0.9305   0.4146   0.0797  
100-199% 0.1366   0.4177   0.8464  
200% or More 0.9639   0.9820   0.0437  
REGION            
Northeast 0.0957   0.1461   0.8058  
Midwest 0.4270   0.5273   0.0320  
South 0.0212   0.0613   0.0736  
West 0.6519   0.2548   0.4124  
90408
Table 7.112C – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10c and 26-11c (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 441 423 353 374 763 734
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 35 18 19 16 61 46
Asian or Pacific Islander 87 92 49 78 141 149
Asian Only 81 90 48 77 131 137
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 28 16 6 13 50 *
Black or African American 153 164 129 155 234 253
White 391 370 318 315 711 680
Two or More Races 43 76 42 75 68 69
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 132 123 101 96 276 302
Not Hispanic or Latino 412 405 334 356 703 679
Black or African American 168 175 140 164 277 301
White 380 375 307 316 762 748
GENDER            
Male 338 315 283 285 585 587
Female 237 246 172 209 391 397
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)4
           
Less Than 100% 151 149 110 127 264 260
100-199% 186 197 154 171 323 342
200% or More 359 345 284 302 753 758
EDUCATION            
< High School 180 147 148 127 318 332
High School Graduate 241 256 197 225 466 429
Some College/College Graduate 308 311 247 270 642 662
90408
Table 7.112D – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10c and 26-11c (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.20 0.19 0.16 0.17 0.34 0.33
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.64 0.90 0.96 0.78 2.66 2.14
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.82 0.82 0.46 0.71 1.28 1.32
Asian Only 0.84 0.88 0.50 0.76 1.28 1.33
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 3.14 1.90 0.75 1.64 5.04 *
Black or African American 0.59 0.62 0.50 0.58 0.90 0.96
White 0.22 0.20 0.18 0.17 0.39 0.37
Two or More Races 1.54 2.57 1.50 2.47 2.37 2.54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.45 0.41 0.34 0.32 0.93 1.00
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.21 0.21 0.17 0.18 0.36 0.35
Black or African American 0.60 0.63 0.51 0.60 0.92 0.96
White 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.19 0.42 0.40
GENDER            
Male 0.32 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.54 0.54
Female 0.21 0.21 0.15 0.18 0.34 0.34
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)4
           
Less Than 100% 0.56 0.56 0.42 0.48 0.92 0.86
100-199% 0.45 0.47 0.38 0.41 0.72 0.71
200% or More 0.22 0.21 0.18 0.19 0.41 0.40
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.48 0.42 0.40 0.36 0.81 0.81
High School Graduate 0.35 0.36 0.28 0.31 0.60 0.56
Some College/College Graduate 0.25 0.25 0.21 0.22 0.47 0.46
90408
Table 7.112P – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10c and 26-11c (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
4 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.8149   0.2028   1.0000  
RACE3            
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4640   0.8801   0.8217  
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.7261   0.9395   0.6353  
Asian Only 0.8059   0.7411   0.7685  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 0.6482   0.1653   *  
Black or African American 0.3631   0.1540   0.3005  
White 0.8924   0.5392   0.8366  
Two or More Races 0.3374   0.3093   0.6828  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.3697   0.4075   0.0530  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5849   0.1064   0.4125  
Black or African American 0.3490   0.1528   0.2867  
White 0.8138   0.2955   0.2672  
GENDER            
Male 0.2269   0.8050   0.9954  
Female 0.0426   0.0056   0.9916  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)4
           
Less Than 100% 0.6929   0.3653   0.7030  
100-199% 0.5361   0.4123   0.5049  
200% or More 0.8540   0.4150   0.9606  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.0463   0.1355   0.8871  
High School Graduate 0.9391   0.5484   0.7934  
Some College/College Graduate 0.1391   0.0323   0.7473  
120411
Table 7.113C (REVISED) – Inhalant Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic Inhalant Use
(2007)
Inhalant Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 43 44
RACE1    
American Indian or Alaska Native 4 4
Asian or Pacific Islander 7 11
Asian Only 7 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 1 2
Black or African American 13 13
White 39 40
Two or More Races 4 5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
Hispanic or Latino 21 27
Not Hispanic or Latino 38 36
Black or African American 14 13
White 36 33
GENDER    
Male 31 31
Female 30 31
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2    
Less Than 100% 21 18
100-199% 19 24
200% or More 34 35
REGION    
Northeast 15 14
Midwest 19 16
South 27 24
West 23 30
120411
Table 7.113D (REVISED) – Inhalant Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic Inhalant Use
(2007)
Inhalant Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.17 0.18
RACE1    
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.31 1.22
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.65 0.93
Asian Only 0.71 1.02
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 0.80 1.85
Black or African American 0.33 0.33
White 0.20 0.21
Two or More Races 0.80 0.91
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
Hispanic or Latino 0.44 0.57
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.19 0.18
Black or African American 0.34 0.34
White 0.23 0.21
GENDER    
Male 0.24 0.24
Female 0.24 0.26
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2    
Less Than 100% 0.43 0.40
100-199% 0.35 0.42
200% or More 0.21 0.22
REGION    
Northeast 0.33 0.33
Midwest 0.33 0.29
South 0.29 0.27
West 0.39 0.50
120411
Table 7.113P (REVISED) – Inhalant Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic Inhalant Use
(2007)
Inhalant Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9385  
RACE1    
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5052  
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.1261  
Asian Only 0.2063  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 0.1196  
Black or African American 0.6790  
White 0.8121  
Two or More Races 0.8831  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
Hispanic or Latino 0.2039  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4461  
Black or African American 0.6505  
White 0.2646  
GENDER    
Male 0.5821  
Female 0.4935  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2    
Less Than 100% 0.6916  
100-199% 0.0264  
200% or More 0.2926  
REGION    
Northeast 0.8603  
Midwest 0.5202  
South 0.2614  
West 0.1401  
120411
Table 7.114C (REVISED) – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month Use Cocaine Once a Month Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17b, 26-17c, and 26-17a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 107 112 110 108 112 111
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 8 19 13 12 13
Asian or Pacific Islander 38 39 42 42 40 50
Asian Only 36 38 38 40 38 49
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * 8 * * * 12
Black or African American 45 43 44 41 44 44
White 91 93 96 96 95 90
Two or More Races 14 15 20 20 20 19
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 47 53 52 53 53 55
Not Hispanic or Latino 95 100 98 97 98 97
Black or African American 63 60 83 81 78 80
White 110 107 142 137 117 111
GENDER            
Male 73 74 74 76 76 76
Female 76 77 80 77 83 75
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 68 59 77 76 72 71
100-199% 64 67 79 83 77 78
200% or More 122 114 152 146 129 131
REGION            
Northeast 41 43 43 42 43 44
Midwest 41 40 45 43 40 40
South 65 73 66 69 71 67
West 54 58 60 61 61 65
120411
Table 7.114D (REVISED) – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month Use Cocaine Once a Month Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17b, 26-17c, and 26-17a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.43 0.46 0.44 0.44 0.45 0.45
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.31 2.02 3.35 2.41 3.34 2.29
Asian or Pacific Islander 2.54 2.63 2.84 2.60 2.42 2.72
Asian Only 2.71 2.92 2.92 2.79 2.60 2.97
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * 5.28 * * * 5.65
Black or African American 1.15 1.12 1.13 1.06 1.12 1.12
White 0.48 0.50 0.51 0.51 0.50 0.48
Two or More Races 2.29 2.25 2.32 2.55 2.57 2.40
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 1.02 1.13 1.15 1.13 1.16 1.18
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.47 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.48 0.49
Black or African American 1.18 1.13 1.16 1.09 1.14 1.15
White 0.52 0.55 0.56 0.55 0.53 0.50
GENDER            
Male 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.61 0.60 0.60
Female 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.64 0.68 0.62
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 1.09 1.10 1.13 1.10 1.05 1.14
100-199% 0.94 0.94 0.96 0.99 0.98 0.99
200% or More 0.55 0.56 0.55 0.57 0.56 0.57
REGION            
Northeast 0.94 1.00 0.98 0.99 0.97 1.00
Midwest 0.74 0.74 0.82 0.80 0.73 0.72
South 0.72 0.81 0.74 0.78 0.79 0.74
West 0.91 0.99 1.02 1.04 1.02 1.09
120411
Table 7.114P (REVISED) – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month Use Cocaine Once a Month Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17b, 26-17c, and 26-17a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.0982   0.7661   0.2477  
RACE1            
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0287   0.2755   0.6399  
Asian or Pacific Islander 0.6641   0.7464   0.2196  
Asian Only 0.5031   0.7905   0.2514  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *  
Black or African American 0.2771   0.6694   0.5121  
White 0.2588   0.7204   0.4272  
Two or More Races 0.1731   0.2217   0.7193  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.7666   0.1806   0.1573  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0924   0.3177   0.6085  
Black or African American 0.1930   0.9612   0.4740  
White 0.2344   0.3525   0.8233  
GENDER            
Male 0.2263   0.5695   0.7600  
Female 0.2481   0.8918   0.1896  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2            
Less Than 100% 0.8057   0.2941   0.3204  
100-199% 0.5708   0.4425   0.8719  
200% or More 0.1099   0.6077   0.3983  
REGION            
Northeast 0.2088   0.7964   0.1595  
Midwest 0.4898   0.8545   0.2649  
South 0.6170   0.7685   0.3947  
West 0.0184   0.7805   0.1676  
90408
Table 7.115C – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Treatment for the Respective Substance in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Either Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-18 and 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 112 94 130 138 164 158
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * 5 * 7
Asian or Pacific Islander * * 1 * * *
Asian Only * * 0 * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 52 36 66 59 96 65
White 100 85 108 119 132 138
Two or More Races * * * 7 * 13
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 22 32 31 23 34 36
Not Hispanic or Latino 111 89 127 136 162 156
Black or African American 52 36 65 59 96 65
White 98 78 105 118 128 135
GENDER            
Male 98 71 112 120 145 135
Female 51 60 64 65 76 81
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)3
           
Less Than 100% 59 51 75 48 86 64
100-199% 45 51 49 55 78 69
200% or More 86 57 90 113 114 123
AGE GROUP            
12-17 13 14 12 11 15 16
18 or Older 110 93 130 138 164 157
90408
Table 7.115D – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Treatment for the Respective Substance in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Either Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-18 and 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.32 1.12 0.64 0.70 0.66 0.65
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * 2.20 * 2.19
Asian or Pacific Islander * * 0.13 * * *
Asian Only * * 0.11 * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *
Black or African American 3.81 2.88 2.85 2.54 2.97 2.13
White 1.49 1.26 0.64 0.72 0.65 0.68
Two or More Races * * * 2.77 * 3.59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 2.19 2.81 1.23 0.80 1.15 1.04
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.47 1.23 0.71 0.80 0.74 0.74
Black or African American 3.89 2.98 2.89 2.59 3.02 2.17
White 1.68 1.37 0.72 0.84 0.74 0.79
GENDER            
Male 1.70 1.48 0.80 0.93 0.86 0.87
Female 1.80 1.68 1.00 0.91 0.93 0.90
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)3
           
Less Than 100% 2.82 2.62 2.52 1.82 2.11 1.69
100-199% 2.65 2.58 1.41 1.54 1.74 1.46
200% or More 1.75 1.30 0.67 0.83 0.71 0.76
AGE GROUP            
12-17 1.14 1.11 0.80 0.88 0.76 0.79
18 or Older 1.51 1.31 0.69 0.74 0.72 0.70
90408
Table 7.115P – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Treatment for the Respective Substance in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Either Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-18 and 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.2764   0.9008   0.5950  
RACE2            
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *  
Asian or Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian Only *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *  
Black or African American 0.1466   0.7903   0.1493  
White 0.6346   0.8377   0.8150  
Two or More Races *   *   *  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Hispanic or Latino 0.4967   0.2525   0.6661  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2120   0.6177   0.7499  
Black or African American 0.1705   0.8133   0.1598  
White 0.5066   0.5826   0.6850  
GENDER            
Male 0.3345   0.8699   0.5997  
Female 0.6406   0.9033   0.9787  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)3
           
Less Than 100% 0.8836   0.3306   0.5389  
100-199% 0.7583   0.6082   0.7501  
200% or More 0.0601   0.6067   0.6211  
AGE GROUP            
12-17 0.7202   0.8105   0.8659  
18 or Older 0.3086   0.9311   0.6029  
90414
Table 7.116C – Past Year Initiates of Cigarette Use among Persons Aged 12 to 25 at Risk for Initiation of Cigarette Use, by Age Group and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12-17
(2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates of Cigarette Use are defined as persons who used cigarettes for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview. At Risk for Initiation of Cigarette Use is defined as persons who did not use cigarettes in their lifetime or used cigarettes for the first time in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 27-3a and 27-3b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 51 51 50 62
RACE1        
American Indian or Alaska Native 2 4 4 *
Asian or Pacific Islander 11 9 18 14
Asian Only 11 9 18 13
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * 1 * *
Black or African American 16 18 17 18
White 45 46 44 55
Two or More Races 4 6 6 5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Hispanic or Latino 21 26 23 31
Not Hispanic or Latino 47 44 45 51
Black or African American 16 17 17 18
White 41 39 38 44
GENDER        
Male 34 31 35 45
Female 36 39 36 39
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty Threshold)2        
Less Than 100% 19 19