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100505
Table 3.1A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Risk/Availability Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 182,807b 177,705 17,198b 15,982 22,604b 21,702 143,004b 140,020
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 91,440b 86,072 8,320b 7,433 7,553b 6,810 75,567b 71,829
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 120,210b 113,571 13,037b 11,939 10,934b 9,701 96,238b 91,931
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 172,709 174,523 12,142 11,895 20,226 20,323 140,342 142,305
Use Once or Twice a Week 218,051 217,859 19,372b 18,917 28,005 28,028 170,674 170,914
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 201,158 202,830 14,021a 13,637 25,178 25,522 161,959a 163,671
Use Once or Twice a Week 230,138b 231,910 19,769b 19,411 30,311b 30,792 180,058b 181,708
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 172,748 174,486 11,925b 11,271 19,817 19,786 141,006a 143,430
Use Once or Twice a Week 213,585 213,654 17,477b 16,763 26,879 26,845 169,229 170,046
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 171,365 171,223 16,279b 15,665 20,617 20,685 134,470 134,873
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 102,790a 105,781 10,002 9,702 10,851 11,158 81,937a 84,921
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 133,597 135,364 11,905 11,903 24,422b 25,204 97,270 98,257
Cocaine 69,031 67,283 5,279b 4,917 12,279a 11,773 51,473 50,594
Crack 62,777 60,802 5,537a 5,208 9,337a 8,953 47,903 46,641
Heroin 39,821 39,267 3,083 3,009 5,800 5,543 30,938 30,715
LSD 38,094 36,780 3,221 3,106 6,296 6,094 28,577 27,581
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 17,615 18,296 3,402 3,511 6,019 6,171 8,193 8,614
100505
Table 3.1B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Risk/Availability Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 73.6b 71.1 69.7b 65.8 68.9b 64.9 74.9b 72.8
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 37.2b 34.8 33.9b 30.7 23.1b 20.4 40.1b 37.8
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 48.9b 45.9 53.1b 49.3 33.4b 29.1 51.1b 48.4
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 70.2 70.5 49.7 49.5 61.9 61.1 74.3 74.8
Use Once or Twice a Week 88.6a 87.9 79.2 78.5 85.7b 84.3 90.3 89.7
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 81.9 81.9 57.7 57.0 77.2 76.9 85.8 85.9
Use Once or Twice a Week 93.6 93.7 81.3 81.0 92.9 92.7 95.3 95.4
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 70.9 71.1 50.5b 48.4 61.4 60.2 75.1 75.8
Use Once or Twice a Week 87.7a 87.0 73.9b 71.8 83.2b 81.6 90.2 89.8
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 69.1 68.5 65.9b 64.3 62.8 61.8 70.6 70.2
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 41.5 42.3 40.5 39.9 33.1 33.4 43.0 44.2
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 55.8 56.1 49.2 49.9 75.3 76.1 53.2 53.3
Cocaine 29.3a 28.3 22.1a 20.9 38.5b 36.2 28.7 27.8
Crack 26.8a 25.6 23.2 22.1 29.5b 27.7 26.8 25.7
Heroin 17.1 16.6 13.0 12.9 18.4a 17.2 17.4 17.0
LSD 16.4 15.6 13.8 13.5 20.0a 18.9 16.1 15.3
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 7.1 7.3 13.7 14.3 18.3 18.4 4.3 4.5
100505
Table 3.2A – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17,198b 15,982 16,279b 15,665 10,002 9,702
AGE            
12-13 5,374b 4,858 5,314b 4,910 3,262 3,149
14-15 5,824 5,599 5,391 5,414 3,408 3,304
16-17 6,000b 5,525 5,573 5,340 3,332 3,249
GENDER            
Male 8,309b 7,724 7,679b 7,211 4,653 4,548
Female 8,889b 8,258 8,600 8,454 5,349 5,153
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13,983b 12,951 13,298b 12,731 7,986 7,805
White 10,245b 9,438 9,466 9,026 5,265 5,159
Black or African American 2,600 2,355 2,671 2,480 1,924 1,851
American Indian or Alaska Native 83 66 79 72 48 40
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 661 690 692 741 500 478
Two or More Races 337 351 321 351 197 244
Hispanic or Latino 3,215b 3,031 2,981 2,934 2,017 1,896
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 9,250b 8,500 8,974 8,543 5,426 5,219
Small Metro 5,183 5,002 4,829 4,844 2,972 3,028
Nonmetro 2,765a 2,480 2,475 2,277 1,604 1,455
100505
Table 3.2B – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 69.7b 65.8 65.9b 64.3 40.5 39.9
AGE            
12-13 70.1b 66.1 69.2b 66.5 42.6 42.7
14-15 69.4b 66.0 64.1 63.9 40.5 39.1
16-17 69.7b 65.2 64.7 62.9 38.6 38.3
GENDER            
Male 65.9b 62.2 60.9b 58.0 36.9 36.6
Female 73.6b 69.4 71.1 70.9 44.2 43.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 69.9b 66.1 66.4a 64.9 39.9 39.8
White 70.2b 66.2 64.9a 63.2 36.1 36.2
Black or African American 69.6b 64.7 71.3a 68.2 51.3 51.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 61.2 52.2 58.1 57.0 35.6 31.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 69.4 71.4 72.1 75.7 52.1 48.9
Two or More Races 67.6 67.3 64.5 67.4 39.6 47.1
Hispanic or Latino 68.9b 64.5 63.7 62.1 43.0 40.2
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 70.4b 66.3 68.2 66.6 41.2 40.7
Small Metro 70.3b 65.8 65.3 63.6 40.2 39.8
Nonmetro 66.6a 63.9 59.7 58.5 38.7 37.4
100505
Table 3.3A – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,320b 7,433 13,037b 11,939 12,142 11,895 19,372b 18,917
AGE                
12-13 3,298b 2,902 4,891b 4,507 3,261b 2,961 5,533a 5,179
14-15 2,828a 2,600 4,502a 4,205 4,056 4,153 6,603 6,679
16-17 2,194b 1,931 3,643b 3,227 4,826 4,781 7,237 7,059
GENDER                
Male 3,985b 3,595 6,234b 5,568 6,162 6,175 9,883b 9,630
Female 4,335b 3,839 6,803b 6,371 5,980a 5,720 9,489a 9,288
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,719b 5,957 10,718b 9,839 9,924 9,773 15,989b 15,543
White 4,906b 4,348 8,128b 7,384 7,129 6,893 11,880 11,535
Black or African American 1,230 1,116 1,677 1,540 2,041 2,075 2,827 2,717
American Indian or Alaska Native 32 30 45 50 64 57 106 85
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 377 315 565 581 407 430 700 724
Two or More Races 138 131 253 248 231 276 397 419
Hispanic or Latino 1,601 1,477 2,319b 2,100 2,218 2,121 3,383 3,375
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 4,169b 3,632 6,717b 6,043 6,414 6,172 10,330 9,875
Small Metro 2,518 2,430 3,949 3,850 3,560 3,721 5,758 5,983
Nonmetro 1,633b 1,371 2,371b 2,046 2,168 2,002 3,285 3,060
100505
Table 3.3B – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 33.9b 30.7 53.1b 49.3 49.7 49.5 79.2 78.5
AGE                
12-13 43.4b 39.8 64.4a 61.6 43.2 41.1 73.1 71.3
14-15 33.8b 30.8 53.7b 49.7 48.6 49.4 79.1 79.5
16-17 25.5b 22.8 42.4b 38.1 56.5 56.8 84.6 83.7
GENDER                
Male 31.8b 29.1 49.7b 45.0 49.5 50.4 79.2 78.5
Female 36.0b 32.4 56.6b 53.7 49.9 48.5 79.1 78.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 33.8b 30.6 53.8b 50.4 50.1 50.5 80.6 80.1
White 33.8b 30.7 56.0b 52.0 49.4 48.9 82.2 81.7
Black or African American 32.9 30.8 45.1 42.3 55.0 57.6 76.2 75.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 24.3 23.5 33.5 39.4 48.3 45.0 79.4a 67.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 39.9 32.9 59.6 60.0 43.1 45.0 73.8 75.1
Two or More Races 27.8 25.2 50.9 47.6 46.7 53.5 80.2 81.2
Hispanic or Latino 34.4 31.3 49.8b 44.6 47.8 45.5 72.9 72.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 31.9b 28.4 51.3b 47.3 49.3 48.7 79.3a 77.7
Small Metro 34.3a 32.1 53.7b 50.7 48.7 49.4 78.6 79.2
Nonmetro 39.4b 35.5 57.3b 52.9 52.7 52.2 79.8 79.6
100505
Table 3.4A – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14,021a 13,637 19,769b 19,411 11,925b 11,271 17,477b 16,763
AGE                
12-13 3,509a 3,255 5,410 5,124 3,177b 2,838 4,799b 4,407
14-15 4,789 4,799 6,775 6,877 3,992 3,935 5,904 5,971
16-17 5,724 5,584 7,584 7,410 4,755 4,498 6,774a 6,384
GENDER                
Male 7,272 7,142 10,085 9,935 6,073a 5,801 8,878b 8,551
Female 6,750a 6,494 9,684a 9,476 5,851b 5,470 8,599b 8,213
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11,309b 10,947 16,214b 15,898 9,620b 9,081 14,389b 13,760
White 8,108 7,795 12,140 11,812 6,839a 6,434 10,767a 10,289
Black or African American 2,320 2,264 2,813 2,774 2,033 1,930 2,499 2,356
American Indian or Alaska Native 76 71 103 93 69 55 84 84
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 468 450 675 718 404 383 630 618
Two or More Races 286 321 412 432 228 236 338 360
Hispanic or Latino 2,712 2,689 3,555 3,512 2,304 2,190 3,088 3,003
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7,407 7,116 10,440 10,193 6,260a 5,854 9,204a 8,732
Small Metro 4,174 4,296 5,979 6,131 3,536 3,532 5,306 5,327
Nonmetro 2,441a 2,224 3,349a 3,086 2,129a 1,885 2,966a 2,704
100505
Table 3.4B – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 57.7 57.0 81.3 81.0 50.5b 48.4 73.9b 71.8
AGE                
12-13 47.1 45.3 72.6 71.3 44.6b 41.3 67.1b 63.9
14-15 57.6 57.4 81.5 82.2 49.4 48.3 73.0 73.1
16-17 67.2 66.5 88.9 88.0 56.6a 54.4 80.5b 77.1
GENDER                
Male 58.7 58.6 81.4 81.5 50.5 48.8 73.6a 71.8
Female 56.7 55.2 81.3 80.4 50.6b 47.9 74.2b 71.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 57.4 56.7 82.3 82.3 50.3b 48.4 75.0b 73.2
White 56.4 55.5 84.5 84.0 49.0a 47.2 76.9a 75.2
Black or African American 63.0 63.2 76.4 77.5 56.7 55.2 69.7 67.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 58.8 56.3 77.4 74.0 54.8 44.5 67.2 67.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 50.1 46.9 72.3 74.6 45.1 41.5 69.1 66.6
Two or More Races 58.3 62.9 83.5 83.9 48.5 47.4 71.9 72.2
Hispanic or Latino 59.0 57.9 77.3 75.5 51.5 48.2 69.0 66.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 57.4 56.4 80.8 80.7 49.9a 47.8 73.2a 71.2
Small Metro 57.3 57.3 82.1 81.5 50.0 48.3 74.7a 72.7
Nonmetro 59.5 58.2 81.9 80.7 53.6a 50.5 74.5a 71.9
100505
Table 3.5A – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2008)
Marijuana
(2009)
Cocaine
(2008)
Cocaine
(2009)
Crack
(2008)
Crack
(2009)
Heroin
(2008)
Heroin
(2009)
LSD
(2008)
LSD
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 11,905 11,903 5,279b 4,917 5,537a 5,208 3,083 3,009 3,221 3,106
AGE                    
12-13 1,514 1,412 866 860 1,084 1,052 632 578 451 382
14-15 4,324 4,401 1,905a 1,714 2,137a 1,915 1,159 1,087 1,137 1,098
16-17 6,066 6,091 2,508 2,343 2,315 2,241 1,292 1,344 1,633 1,626
GENDER                    
Male 5,926 6,069 2,256a 2,040 2,232a 2,035 1,262 1,207 1,352 1,342
Female 5,978 5,834 3,023 2,876 3,305 3,173 1,821 1,803 1,869 1,764
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,702 9,573 4,143b 3,810 4,392a 4,104 2,450 2,400 2,624 2,502
White 7,129 6,974 2,920b 2,616 3,025a 2,747 1,685 1,617 2,013 1,878
Black or African American 1,938 1,906 952 917 1,067 1,024 596 635 444 483
American Indian or Alaska Native 67 58 21 19 21 19 13 6 14 14
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 274 298 127 118 145 160 79 65 86 44
Two or More Races 262 294 107 131 114 137 64 69 59 73
Hispanic or Latino 2,203 2,331 1,136 1,107 1,145 1,104 633 609 597 604
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 6,534 6,515 2,834 2,732 3,007 2,927 1,720 1,695 1,761 1,687
Small Metro 3,597 3,649 1,668 1,511 1,675 1,539 892 900 976 1,004
Nonmetro 1,773 1,740 777a 674 855a 742 471 414 483 415
100505
Table 3.5B – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2008)
Marijuana
(2009)
Cocaine
(2008)
Cocaine
(2009)
Crack
(2008)
Crack
(2009)
Heroin
(2008)
Heroin
(2009)
LSD
(2008)
LSD
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 49.2 49.9 22.1a 20.9 23.2 22.1 13.0 12.9 13.8 13.5
AGE                    
12-13 20.5 19.8 11.8 12.2 14.8 14.9 8.7 8.2 6.4 5.6
14-15 52.2 52.9 23.4a 21.0 26.2b 23.4 14.3 13.4 14.3 13.7
16-17 71.0 72.2 29.9 28.2 27.7 27.0 15.5 16.3 19.8 20.0
GENDER                    
Male 47.9a 49.7 18.5a 17.0 18.4a 16.9 10.5 10.1 11.3 11.4
Female 50.5 50.0 25.9 25.0 28.3 27.5 15.7 15.8 16.5 15.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 49.5 49.9 21.5a 20.2 22.8 21.7 12.8 12.8 13.9 13.5
White 50.0 50.0 20.8b 19.1 21.6a 20.0 12.1 11.9 14.7 14.0
Black or African American 52.6 53.2 26.2 25.9 29.2 28.9 16.5 18.0 12.4 13.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 49.6 46.4 15.8 15.1 16.0 15.4 9.8 5.1 10.8 11.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 29.5 31.2 14.0 12.6 15.8 17.0 8.7 7.0 9.5a 4.8
Two or More Races 54.3 56.8 22.6 25.9 24.1 27.1 13.7 13.8 13.0 14.9
Hispanic or Latino 47.7 49.7 25.0 23.9 25.2 23.8 14.0 13.3 13.5 13.4
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 50.7 51.5 22.4 22.0 23.7 23.5 13.7 13.7 14.2 13.9
Small Metro 49.7 49.1 23.4b 20.6 23.5b 20.9 12.6 12.4 14.0 14.0
Nonmetro 43.4 45.7 19.3 18.0 21.3 19.8 11.8 11.1 12.3 11.3
100505
Table 3.6A – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 22,667a 22,488 22,282b 22,019 22,864b 22,606 22,054 21,958
AGE                
12-13 7,274 7,058 7,285 7,094 7,340 7,151 7,121 6,972
14-15 7,796 7,917 7,674 7,728 7,861 7,911 7,514 7,613
16-17 7,597 7,512 7,323 7,197 7,663 7,544 7,419 7,373
GENDER                
Male 11,522 11,430 11,292b 11,105 11,580b 11,427 11,156 11,069
Female 11,145 11,058 10,990 10,914 11,284a 11,179 10,898 10,889
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,414b 18,107 18,019b 17,651 18,555b 18,173 17,984a 17,795
White 13,466 13,224 13,105 12,751 13,590 13,208 13,149 12,956
Black or African American 3,384 3,329 3,382 3,329 3,407 3,366 3,328 3,285
American Indian or Alaska Native 115 103 118 113 117 112 112 108
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 906 911 890 929 895 940 868 909
Two or More Races 452 469 437 454 456 474 441 467
Hispanic or Latino 4,253b 4,380 4,263b 4,368 4,309b 4,433 4,070 4,163
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12,193 11,923 11,906 11,602 12,221 11,927 11,827 11,653
Small Metro 6,789 7,072 6,626 6,914 6,818 7,084 6,619 6,881
Nonmetro 3,685 3,492 3,750 3,503 3,825 3,595 3,608 3,423
100505
Table 3.6B – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 92.4 92.6 90.8 90.5 93.1 93.0 89.7 90.3
AGE                
12-13 95.8 96.2 95.8 96.1 96.5 96.9 93.5 94.4
14-15 93.3 93.8 91.9 91.4 94.1 93.7 89.9 90.2
16-17 88.4 88.4 85.2 84.7 89.1 88.8 86.3 86.8
GENDER                
Male 92.1 92.5 90.3 89.6 92.5 92.2 89.1 89.4
Female 92.6 92.8 91.3 91.4 93.7 93.7 90.4 91.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 92.4 92.5 90.4 90.0 93.0 92.7 90.1 90.8
White 92.5 92.5 90.0 89.3 93.3a 92.5 90.3 90.7
Black or African American 91.3 92.9 91.1 92.1 91.7 93.2 89.5 90.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 87.9 83.1 90.7 88.8 89.9 89.1 85.3 85.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 95.5 93.4 94.0 95.3 94.5 96.4 91.1 93.6
Two or More Races 91.4 89.5 87.7 86.6 91.7 90.4 88.2 88.9
Hispanic or Latino 92.4 93.4 92.5 92.4 93.5 93.9 88.1 88.2
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 93.2 93.1 91.0 90.2 93.4 92.8 90.2 90.8
Small Metro 92.6 93.1 90.3 90.9 92.9 93.3 90.2 90.5
Nonmetro 89.4 90.3 90.8 90.4 92.6 92.8 87.5 88.3
100505
Table 3.7A – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21,485a 21,228 20,297b 19,782 20,640b 20,186 20,869 20,684
AGE                
12-13 7,149 6,883 7,167 6,867 7,215 6,920 7,105 6,809
14-15 7,264 7,412 6,960 6,927 7,082 7,064 7,025 7,237
16-17 7,072 6,933 6,170 5,988 6,342 6,202 6,739 6,639
GENDER                
Male 10,677 10,556 10,076b 9,793 10,254b 10,008 10,281 10,204
Female 10,807a 10,672 10,221b 9,989 10,386b 10,179 10,588 10,481
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,463b 17,119 16,388b 15,909 16,706b 16,276 16,955a 16,732
White 12,830 12,521 11,972 11,526 12,271 11,848 12,393 12,268
Black or African American 3,137 3,062 2,963 2,906 2,979 2,930 3,099 2,951
American Indian or Alaska Native 105 106 100 103 101 105 102 107
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 878 914 868 901 865 908 856 908
Two or More Races 433 443 404 407 410 412 422 428
Hispanic or Latino 4,021 4,109 3,909 3,873 3,933 3,910 3,915 3,953
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,524 11,381 10,710 10,414 10,925 10,652 11,182 11,022
Small Metro 6,481 6,559 6,101 6,144 6,186 6,256 6,283 6,416
Nonmetro 3,480 3,288 3,485 3,224 3,530 3,279 3,405 3,246
100505
Table 3.7B – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 87.4 87.6 82.6a 81.6 84.1 83.3 85.0 85.4
AGE                
12-13 93.8 93.8 94.0 93.5 94.7 94.3 93.3 92.9
14-15 86.9 88.0 83.3 82.2 84.8 83.8 84.2a 85.9
16-17 82.3 81.8 71.8 70.6 73.9 73.2 78.5 78.3
GENDER                
Male 85.4 85.7 80.6 79.4 82.1 81.1 82.4 82.8
Female 89.6 89.6 84.7 83.8 86.1 85.5 87.8 88.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 87.5 87.6 82.2 81.4 83.8 83.3 85.1 85.6
White 88.2 87.9 82.2a 80.8 84.3a 83.1 85.2 86.1
Black or African American 84.4 85.4 80.0 80.9 80.4 81.8 83.6 82.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 79.2 84.1 76.2 82.0 77.4 82.9 77.2 84.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 91.9 94.0 90.8 92.5 90.4 93.1 89.6 93.2
Two or More Races 87.0 84.9 81.1 77.9 82.2 78.8 84.8 82.0
Hispanic or Latino 87.0 87.5 84.6 82.4 85.2 83.3 84.9 84.2
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 88.0 88.9 81.8 81.3 83.5 83.1 85.5 86.1
Small Metro 88.3a 86.6 83.0a 81.1 84.2a 82.7 85.5 84.8
Nonmetro 84.3 85.2 84.5 83.5 85.7 84.9 82.7 84.0
100505
Table 3.8A – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 22,048 21,926 20,195b 19,847 20,344b 19,946 21,430 21,248
AGE                
12-13 7,171 6,960 7,155 6,899 7,153 6,893 7,128 6,895
14-15 7,454 7,619 6,909 6,948 6,962 6,967 7,246 7,375
16-17 7,423 7,347 6,132 5,999 6,230 6,085 7,056 6,977
GENDER                
Male 11,121 11,006 10,159b 9,847 10,193b 9,859 10,686 10,555
Female 10,927 10,921 10,036 10,000 10,151 10,086 10,744 10,693
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,925b 17,686 16,385b 15,939 16,554b 16,083 17,460b 17,196
White 13,079 12,921 11,832 11,482 12,048 11,659 12,729 12,561
Black or African American 3,332 3,215 3,110 3,011 3,058 2,972 3,211 3,111
American Indian or Alaska Native 116 112 107 106 107 105 105 111
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 873 916 851 870 853 880 887 904
Two or More Races 442 449 404 404 410 403 440 436
Hispanic or Latino 4,123b 4,240 3,810 3,908 3,790 3,862 3,970 4,051
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,816 11,639 10,689 10,391 10,768 10,473 11,503 11,253
Small Metro 6,618 6,843 6,003 6,201 6,078 6,210 6,407 6,612
Nonmetro 3,614 3,445 3,503 3,255 3,499 3,263 3,520 3,383
100505
Table 3.8B – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 89.6 90.1 82.1 81.6 82.7 82.0 87.0 87.4
AGE                
12-13 93.8 94.4 93.6 93.5 93.5 93.4 93.2 93.6
14-15 89.1 90.1 82.7 82.2 83.3 82.4 86.6 87.2
16-17 86.3 86.5 71.3 70.7 72.4 71.6 81.9 82.1
GENDER                
Male 88.7 88.9 81.1a 79.5 81.3a 79.6 85.2 85.2
Female 90.5 91.4 83.1 83.8 84.1 84.5 88.9 89.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 89.7 90.2 82.0 81.3 82.8 82.0 87.3 87.7
White 89.7 90.4 81.2 80.4 82.7 81.6 87.3 87.9
Black or African American 89.4 88.9 83.6 83.3 82.1 82.2 86.1 86.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 87.5 89.5 81.6 84.8 81.8 83.7 79.1 87.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 91.8 93.9 89.1 89.7 89.1 90.4 92.6 93.1
Two or More Races 88.3 86.2 80.7 77.3 81.9 77.1 87.9 84.2
Hispanic or Latino 89.2 90.0 82.4 82.8 81.9 81.9 85.7 85.8
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 90.1 90.5 81.5 80.8 82.1 81.4 87.6 87.5
Small Metro 89.9 90.1 81.6 81.7 82.5 81.8 87.0 87.1
Nonmetro 87.5 88.9 84.9 84.0 84.8 84.2 85.1a 87.3
100505
Table 3.9A – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,278a 4,993 3,336 3,364 2,656 2,742
AGE            
12-13 1,886 1,743 1,462 1,424 740 739
14-15 1,834 1,708 1,129 1,111 1,096 1,108
16-17 1,558 1,542 744 830 820 895
GENDER            
Male 2,506a 2,281 1,660 1,695 1,243 1,319
Female 2,772 2,712 1,676 1,669 1,413 1,423
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,332a 4,095 2,690 2,676 2,130 2,119
White 2,980a 2,729 1,640 1,638 1,288 1,298
Black or African American 930 963 818 794 631 639
American Indian or Alaska Native 30 26 17 25 19 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 241 224 128 136 128 90
Two or More Races 129 132 74 72 54 67
Hispanic or Latino 946 898 645 689 526a 623
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2,866 2,678 1,774 1,765 1,440 1,447
Small Metro 1,554 1,520 972 1,027 761 854
Nonmetro 858 796 589 572 455 441
100505
Table 3.9B – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21.7 20.7 13.5 13.8 10.8 11.2
AGE            
12-13 25.3 24.0 19.1 19.3 9.6 10.0
14-15 22.0 20.3 13.5 13.1 13.0 13.1
16-17 18.2 18.2 8.7 9.7 9.5 10.5
GENDER            
Male 20.1a 18.5 13.2 13.6 9.9 10.6
Female 23.3 23.0 13.9 14.0 11.7 11.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.0 21.1 13.5 13.6 10.6 10.8
White 20.7a 19.3 11.3 11.5 8.8 9.1
Black or African American 24.9 26.4 21.8 21.6 16.8 17.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 23.6 20.6 13.2 19.3 14.1 11.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 26.6 23.5 13.5 13.9 13.5 9.3
Two or More Races 25.8 25.2 14.9 13.7 11.0 12.7
Hispanic or Latino 20.5 19.1 13.8 14.5 11.2 13.1
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 22.1 20.9 13.5 13.7 10.9 11.2
Small Metro 21.4 20.2 13.2 13.5 10.3 11.2
Nonmetro 21.0 20.7 14.2 14.7 11.0 11.4
100505
Table 3.10A – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,732a 2,929 1,082 1,000 19,208b 18,743 14,444a 14,115
AGE                
12-13 1,014 1,060 423 367 5,579b 5,178 4,667 4,397
14-15 935 1,000 373 342 6,685 6,709 4,938 4,961
16-17 783 869 287 291 6,944 6,855 4,839 4,757
GENDER                
Male 1,417 1,505 562 540 9,591 9,419 7,253 7,135
Female 1,315 1,424 520 460 9,617b 9,324 7,190a 6,980
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,243 2,344 844 754 15,619b 15,153 11,762b 11,354
White 1,420 1,532 505 469 11,429 11,114 8,880 8,684
Black or African American 582 563 265 220 2,842 2,680 1,959a 1,726
American Indian or Alaska Native 24 21 6 7 * 99 63 73
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 142 133 44 33 761 800 487 489
Two or More Races 58 76 21 21 401 402 323 333
Hispanic or Latino 489a 585 238 246 3,589 3,590 2,682 2,761
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,434 1,500 566 534 10,310 9,940 7,746 7,486
Small Metro 807 901 325 304 5,758 5,867 4,385 4,441
Nonmetro 490 529 191 163 3,141 2,937 2,313 2,188
100505
Table 3.10B – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 11.1a 12.0 4.4 4.1 78.0 77.0 58.7 58.2
AGE                
12-13 13.2 14.3 5.5 5.0 73.0b 70.4 61.3 60.1
14-15 11.1 11.8 4.5 4.0 79.8 79.3 58.9 58.7
16-17 9.1 10.2 3.3 3.4 80.8 80.5 56.3 56.0
GENDER                
Male 11.2 12.1 4.5 4.3 76.3 75.9 57.7 57.6
Female 10.9 11.9 4.3 3.9 79.9a 78.3 59.8 58.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.2 11.9 4.2 3.8 78.3 77.4 59.0 58.1
White 9.7a 10.7 3.5 3.3 78.7 78.2 61.2 61.3
Black or African American 15.5 15.3 7.1 6.0 75.8 73.2 52.2b 47.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 18.4 16.2 4.5 5.8 * 76.5 48.0 56.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 15.0 13.6 4.7 3.4 80.4 82.2 51.7 50.8
Two or More Races 11.7 14.5 4.1 4.0 80.4 77.0 64.5 63.6
Hispanic or Latino 10.4 12.3 5.1 5.2 76.8 75.6 57.6 58.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 10.9 11.6 4.3 4.1 78.5 77.1 59.1 58.3
Small Metro 10.9 11.8 4.4 4.0 78.2 77.5 59.5 58.8
Nonmetro 11.8 13.6 4.7 4.2 76.2 75.9 56.1 56.8
100505
Table 3.11A – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,287 5,169 3,580 3,517 1,813 1,764
AGE            
12-13 1,724 1,689 1,061 1,035 502 495
14-15 1,961 1,883 1,335 1,256 666 641
16-17 1,603 1,597 1,184 1,226 645 628
GENDER            
Male 3,095 3,067 1,968 1,989 1,103 1,090
Female 2,193 2,102 1,612 1,528 710 674
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,130 3,984 2,764 2,709 1,471 1,364
White 2,766 2,619 1,819 1,799 898 833
Black or African American 1,072 1,064 721 706 461 434
American Indian or Alaska Native 32 38 25 24 19 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 126 119 111 82 35 37
Two or More Races 113 128 78 86 50 43
Hispanic or Latino 1,157 1,185 816 808 342 401
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2,821 2,784 1,915 1,940 913 948
Small Metro 1,547 1,596 1,012 1,039 566 567
Nonmetro 919a 788 653b 538 334a 250
100505
Table 3.11B – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21.4 21.1 14.5 14.4 7.3 7.2
AGE            
12-13 22.3 22.7 13.7 13.9 6.5 6.6
14-15 23.3 22.1 15.9 14.8 7.9 7.5
16-17 18.6 18.8 13.7 14.4 7.5 7.4
GENDER            
Male 24.5 24.6 15.6 15.9 8.7 8.7
Female 18.1 17.5 13.3 12.7 5.8 5.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 20.6 20.2 13.8 13.7 7.3 6.9
White 18.9 18.3 12.4 12.6 6.1 5.8
Black or African American 28.5 29.1 19.2 19.3 12.3 11.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 24.0 29.5 19.0 18.6 14.0 8.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 13.1 12.3 11.5 8.4 3.7 3.8
Two or More Races 22.6 24.5 15.5 16.4 9.9 8.2
Hispanic or Latino 24.7 24.8 17.4 16.9 7.3 8.4
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 21.4 21.5 14.5 15.0 6.9 7.3
Small Metro 20.9 20.9 13.6 13.6 7.6 7.4
Nonmetro 22.1 20.2 15.7a 13.8 8.0a 6.4
100505
Table 3.12A – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 795 784 754 789 1,148 1,080
AGE            
12-13 162 159 41 53 166 152
14-15 321 296 251 259 412 457
16-17 311 329 462 476 570a 470
GENDER            
Male 660 661 532 547 745 701
Female 135 123 222 242 403 378
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 657 633 618 611 911 810
White 475 480 434 465 598 562
Black or African American 134 121 136 110 236 183
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 5 3 6 * 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 24 5 19 5 29 24
Two or More Races 16 20 22 22 32 29
Hispanic or Latino 137 151 136 178 237 269
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 374 349 381 384 646 598
Small Metro 239 270 256 282 333 356
Nonmetro 181 165 116 123 169a 126
100505
Table 3.12B – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.2 4.6 4.4
AGE            
12-13 2.1 2.1 0.5 0.7 2.1 2.0
14-15 3.8 3.5 3.0 3.0 4.9 5.4
16-17 3.6 3.9 5.4 5.6 6.6a 5.5
GENDER            
Male 5.2 5.3 4.2 4.4 5.9 5.6
Female 1.1 1.0 1.8 2.0 3.3 3.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 4.5 4.1
White 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.2 4.1 3.9
Black or African American 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.0 6.3 5.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.6 4.1 2.3 4.7 * 5.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.5 0.5 2.0 0.5 3.0 2.4
Two or More Races 3.2 3.8 4.3 4.2 6.3 5.5
Hispanic or Latino 2.9 3.2 2.9 3.7 5.0 5.6
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0 4.9 4.6
Small Metro 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.7 4.5 4.7
Nonmetro 4.4 4.2 2.8 3.1 4.1 3.2
100505
Table 3.13A – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,855 5,919 5,797 5,552 3,402 3,511 23,537b 23,218 7,695 7,551
AGE                    
12-13 2,007 1,902 1,423 1,332 361 368 7,351 7,121 2,402 2,337
14-15 1,994 2,089 2,148 2,159 1,248 1,294 7,968 8,002 2,737 2,727
16-17 1,854 1,928 2,226 2,061 1,793 1,848 8,218 8,095 2,555 2,487
GENDER                    
Male 2,957 3,044 2,387 2,346 1,959 2,109 11,956b 11,763 3,650 3,529
Female 2,898 2,875 3,410a 3,207 1,443 1,401 11,581b 11,455 4,045 4,023
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,505 4,488 4,855a 4,575 2,692 2,640 19,150b 18,730 6,625 6,488
White 2,748 2,688 3,982a 3,713 1,875 1,907 14,024 13,713 5,099 5,038
Black or African American 1,289 1,387 510 514 637 548 3,549 3,416 1,073 980
American Indian or Alaska Native 53 38 22 21 26 18 * 119 23 27
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 198 215 203 191 54 57 896 911 269 278
Two or More Races 174 142 128 127 89 90 477 491 131 144
Hispanic or Latino 1,350 1,431 942 977 711b 871 4,387b 4,488 1,070 1,063
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 3,032 3,108 3,077 2,964 1,988 2,038 12,524 12,223 3,866 3,706
Small Metro 1,811 1,897 1,803 1,753 1,024 1,065 7,066 7,276 2,419 2,536
Nonmetro 1,012 914 917 835 390 407 3,946 3,718 1,410 1,309
100505
Table 3.13B – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 24.1 24.6 23.7 22.9 13.7 14.3 96.3 96.2 31.7 31.4
AGE                    
12-13 26.9 26.5 18.7 18.2 4.6 4.9 96.5 96.9 32.3 32.5
14-15 24.1 25.0 25.8 25.6 14.8 15.2 95.9 95.6 33.1 32.6
16-17 21.7 22.8 26.0 24.3 20.7 21.6 96.6 96.1 30.0 29.4
GENDER                    
Male 23.9 24.8 19.1 19.0 15.5a 16.8 95.8 95.7 29.5 28.9
Female 24.3 24.5 28.4 27.0 11.9 11.7 96.8 96.7 34.1 34.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.8 23.2 24.5 23.5 13.4 13.4 96.6 96.3 33.7 33.5
White 19.1 19.0 27.5 26.2 12.8 13.3 97.0 96.8 35.5 35.7
Black or African American 35.2a 39.1 13.6 14.1 16.9 14.9 96.1 94.9 29.2 27.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 40.8 31.1 16.4 16.5 18.9 14.1 * 93.7 17.3 20.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 21.2 22.2 22.1 20.2 5.6 5.8 94.3 95.0 29.5 28.6
Two or More Races 35.1a 27.4 26.1 24.3 17.8 17.1 96.1 94.6 26.7 27.8
Hispanic or Latino 29.7 30.7 20.3 20.6 15.1a 18.1 95.1 95.7 23.3 23.0
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 23.4 24.5 23.6 23.1 15.0 15.7 96.2 95.8 29.9 29.1
Small Metro 25.0 25.3 24.6 23.2 13.8 13.9 96.4 96.4 33.4 33.9
Nonmetro 24.9 23.9 22.3 21.6 9.3 10.4 96.6 96.7 34.7 34.2
100505
Table 3.14A – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18,266a 17,911 16,497b 16,059 8,176 8,116
AGE            
12-13 6,139 5,918 5,616 5,401 2,928 2,898
14-15 6,194 6,187 5,598 5,553 2,817 2,682
16-17 5,934 5,806 5,284 5,105 2,431 2,536
GENDER            
Male 9,101b 8,816 8,285b 7,964 4,165 4,094
Female 9,166 9,095 8,212 8,094 4,010 4,022
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,617a 14,323 13,263b 12,894 6,664 6,543
White 10,254 10,135 9,239 8,996 4,644 4,538
Black or African American 3,148 2,924 2,895 2,746 1,507 1,437
American Indian or Alaska Native 100 102 92 97 47 53
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 698 730 645 654 298 310
Two or More Races 339 366 317 333 135 167
Hispanic or Latino 3,649 3,588 3,234 3,164 1,512 1,573
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 9,593 9,303 8,565 8,186 3,947 3,845
Small Metro 5,481 5,620 4,998 5,113 2,574 2,683
Nonmetro 3,193 2,989 2,934 2,759 1,655 1,588
100505
Table 3.14B – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 75.0 74.7 67.8 67.0 33.8 34.0
AGE            
12-13 81.6 82.4 74.7 75.1 39.3 40.5
14-15 74.8 74.0 67.6 66.4 34.1 32.3
16-17 69.4 68.9 61.9 60.6 28.6 30.1
GENDER            
Male 73.5 72.2 66.9 65.2 33.8 33.7
Female 76.6 77.2 68.7 68.8 33.8 34.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 74.0 74.0 67.2 66.6 33.9 34.0
White 71.1 71.7 64.3 63.8 32.4 32.3
Black or African American 85.6b 82.3 78.3 77.1 41.0 40.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 76.2 80.6 69.9 76.4 36.9 42.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 73.9 76.0 68.3 68.3 32.1 32.9
Two or More Races 69.9 71.3 64.6 64.7 27.4 32.6
Hispanic or Latino 79.6 77.7 70.4 68.4 33.2 34.2
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 74.0 73.5 65.9 64.6 30.5 30.5
Small Metro 75.0 74.9 68.7 68.2 35.6 36.0
Nonmetro 78.2 78.3 72.2 72.3 41.0 41.9
100505
Table 3.15A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21,784b 21,429 9,856 9,800 21,332b 21,011 21,150 20,922
AGE                
12-13 6,886a 6,504 4,161 3,945 7,004 6,761 6,974 6,723
14-15 7,425 7,592 3,258 3,387 7,188 7,269 7,091 7,156
16-17 7,473 7,332 2,438 2,467 7,140 6,981 7,085 7,044
GENDER                
Male 11,180b 10,983 5,008 5,020 11,116a 10,936 10,994a 10,812
Female 10,604a 10,446 4,849 4,780 10,216 10,075 10,155 10,110
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,698b 17,237 7,761 7,618 17,385b 16,994 17,293b 16,956
White 12,773 12,466 5,536 5,466 12,788 12,517 12,729 12,434
Black or African American 3,460 3,393 1,400 1,403 3,239 3,078 3,234 3,121
American Indian or Alaska Native 124 117 60 61 103 116 * 116
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 802 737 537 461 732 762 729 769
Two or More Races 449 461 180 197 440 455 425 447
Hispanic or Latino 4,087a 4,192 2,096 2,182 3,946 4,017 3,857 3,966
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,536 11,258 5,415 5,401 11,328 11,076 11,232 11,014
Small Metro 6,555 6,738 2,909 2,991 6,383 6,520 6,376 6,512
Nonmetro 3,692 3,433 1,531 1,408 3,621 3,416 3,541 3,397
100505
Table 3.15B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 87.9 87.4 39.9 40.1 86.1 85.7 85.4 85.4
AGE                
12-13 89.0b 87.0 53.9 53.2 90.5 90.5 90.1 90.1
14-15 88.2 89.2 38.8 39.9 85.3 85.4 84.3 84.2
16-17 86.8 85.9 28.3 29.0 82.9 81.8 82.2 82.6
GENDER                
Male 88.5 87.8 39.7 40.3 87.9 87.5 86.9 86.6
Female 87.3 87.0 40.0 40.0 84.2 83.8 83.8 84.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 88.2 87.3 38.8 38.7 86.6 86.1 86.2 86.0
White 87.3 86.9 38.0 38.3 87.4 87.3 87.0 86.8
Black or African American 92.0 92.0 37.2 38.2 86.1a 83.6 86.1 84.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 93.1 90.5 45.1 47.2 76.8a 89.6 * 89.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 83.9b 75.8 56.2a 47.5 76.7 77.7 76.1 78.5
Two or More Races 90.7 87.6 35.8 37.5 87.8 86.5 84.9 85.1
Hispanic or Latino 87.0 87.6 44.6 45.8 83.9 84.0 82.1 83.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 87.4 86.8 41.1 41.8 85.8 85.4 85.1 85.0
Small Metro 88.4 88.1 39.3 39.3 86.1 85.2 86.0 85.2
Nonmetro 88.7 87.9 36.9 36.1 87.0 87.6 85.2a 87.1
100505
Table 3.16A – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,260 3,238 17,484 17,075 18,845 18,715 1,418b 1,212
AGE                
12-13 833 787 5,493 5,273 5,861 5,720 333 280
14-15 1,118 1,121 6,331 6,240 6,444 6,506 557a 450
16-17 1,310 1,331 5,659 5,562 6,539 6,489 527 482
GENDER                
Male 1,885 1,863 8,751 8,477 9,445 9,346 828 734
Female 1,376 1,376 8,733 8,597 9,399 9,369 590a 479
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,422 2,350 14,380 13,970 15,288 15,200 1,112b 872
White 1,810 1,734 10,689 10,372 11,054 10,984 814b 635
Black or African American 411 466 2,482 2,372 2,928 2,865 230 192
American Indian or Alaska Native 31 17 * 77 100 95 * 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 92 73 683 701 769 774 16 5
Two or More Races 69 49 376 389 381 412 32 28
Hispanic or Latino 838 888 3,104 3,104 3,557 3,515 306 340
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,671 1,657 9,375 9,112 10,200 9,938 707a 585
Small Metro 1,017 1,053 5,218 5,228 5,611 5,821 452 427
Nonmetro 573 529 2,891 2,734 3,034 2,956 259a 200
100505
Table 3.16B – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14.1 14.1 75.9 74.9 81.3 81.6 6.4b 5.5
AGE                
12-13 11.9 11.6 79.1 78.3 83.5 84.2 5.1 4.4
14-15 14.1 14.0 80.0a 78.1 81.2 80.9 7.3b 5.8
16-17 16.0 16.4 69.1 68.9 79.7 80.1 6.6 6.1
GENDER                
Male 15.9 15.9 74.1 72.9 79.6 79.9 7.3 6.6
Female 12.2 12.3 77.7 77.1 83.1 83.4 5.4a 4.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.8 12.6 76.0 75.3 80.4 81.4 6.1b 4.9
White 12.8 12.6 76.2 75.5 78.4 79.5 6.0b 4.8
Black or African American 12.3 14.3 74.5 73.0 87.4 87.7 7.2 6.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 25.8 15.7 * 71.1 82.7 86.0 * 9.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 10.5 8.1 78.0 77.8 87.8 85.6 1.9 0.6
Two or More Races 14.3 9.8 78.2 78.0 79.1 82.0 7.0 5.8
Hispanic or Latino 20.2 20.8 75.1 73.4 85.6a 82.4 7.7 8.5
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 13.6 13.7 76.5 75.7 82.8 82.1 6.0a 5.1
Small Metro 14.6 14.7 75.0 73.4 80.3 81.1 6.7 6.2
Nonmetro 14.8 14.5 75.4 75.3 78.5a 80.9 7.0 5.7
100505
Table 3.17A – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18,486 18,360 18,342 18,271 18,485 18,270 16,082 15,991
AGE                
12-13 5,897 5,714 6,213 6,013 6,313 6,049 5,150 5,015
14-15 6,201 6,318 6,325 6,466 6,354 6,470 5,612 5,734
16-17 6,389 6,328 5,804 5,792 5,817 5,751 5,320 5,241
GENDER                
Male 9,482 9,333 9,699 9,682 9,609 9,356 7,941 7,918
Female 9,004 9,027 8,643 8,589 8,876 8,914 8,141 8,074
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,062 14,839 15,011 14,853 15,376 15,152 13,121 12,953
White 10,914 10,774 11,095 10,904 11,610 11,377 9,651 9,512
Black or African American 2,852 2,766 2,737 2,688 2,665 2,553 2,406 2,313
American Indian or Alaska Native 103 94 * 88 * 86 * 74
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 740 730 657 703 555 660 583 618
Two or More Races 384 411 368 408 397 422 345 382
Hispanic or Latino 3,424 3,521 3,331 3,418 3,109 3,118 2,961 3,038
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 9,906 9,740 9,735 9,593 9,680 9,459 8,553 8,425
Small Metro 5,547 5,734 5,528 5,688 5,655 5,749 4,866 5,011
Nonmetro 3,032 2,887 3,080 2,989 3,150 3,062 2,663 2,555
100505
Table 3.17B – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 79.9 80.2 79.3 79.8 80.0 79.9 70.2 70.6
AGE                
12-13 84.2 84.3 88.6 88.6 90.1 89.2 75.3 75.5
14-15 78.1 78.6 79.7 80.5 80.1 80.7 71.0 72.1
16-17 77.9 78.2 70.8 71.7 71.1 71.2 65.1 65.0
GENDER                
Male 80.0 79.9 81.9 83.0 81.2 80.3 67.7 68.4
Female 79.8 80.4 76.5 76.5 78.7 79.5 72.8 72.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 79.3 79.6 79.0 79.7 81.1 81.4 69.8 70.2
White 77.5 78.1 78.7 79.1 82.5 82.5 69.2 69.7
Black or African American 85.2 84.8 81.9 82.5 79.9 78.4 72.6 71.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 85.3 84.9 * 80.0 * 77.7 * 68.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 84.2 80.7 75.2 77.7 63.7b 73.9 67.4 68.9
Two or More Races 80.0 82.1 76.5 81.3 82.7 84.5 72.8 77.0
Hispanic or Latino 82.4 82.6 80.2 80.2 74.8 73.3 71.9 72.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 80.5 80.6 79.1 79.4 78.8 78.4 70.2 70.4
Small Metro 79.4 80.0 79.2 79.4 81.1 80.3 70.4 70.6
Nonmetro 78.6 79.1 79.7 82.0 81.7a 83.9 69.8 70.8
100505
Table 3.18A – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,675 5,788 5,130a 5,540 9,751 9,624 3,943 3,791
AGE                
12-13 454 480 268 290 721 775 160 181
14-15 2,083 2,186 1,738 1,885 3,391 3,468 1,188 1,126
16-17 3,137 3,122 3,124a 3,365 5,640 5,382 2,594 2,484
GENDER                
Male 2,384 2,392 2,267 2,431 4,319 4,313 1,573 1,536
Female 3,291 3,396 2,863a 3,109 5,432 5,311 2,369 2,256
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,706 4,633 4,112 4,288 7,991 7,711 3,171 2,988
White 3,412 3,350 2,764 2,848 5,979 5,739 2,367a 2,124
Black or African American 972 936 1,066 1,099 1,447 1,398 599 615
American Indian or Alaska Native 33 35 45 28 52 42 22 23
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 146 131 96 133 279 280 92 116
Two or More Races 125 151 126 149 203 210 83 90
Hispanic or Latino 969a 1,155 1,017b 1,252 1,760 1,914 771 804
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 2,929 2,934 2,930a 3,182 5,247 5,170 2,053 2,023
Small Metro 1,783 1,906 1,557 1,722 2,938 2,941 1,248 1,168
Nonmetro 963 949 643 636 1,566 1,514 642 600
100505
Table 3.18B – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 25.4 26.2 23.4b 25.5 43.9 43.7 18.1 17.5
AGE                
12-13 6.9 7.5 4.2 4.6 11.0 12.2 2.5 2.9
14-15 27.0 28.1 23.2 24.8 44.4 44.9 15.9 14.9
16-17 39.0 39.4 39.3b 43.0 70.2a 68.0 32.7 31.8
GENDER                
Male 20.8 21.2 20.2a 21.8 38.1 38.4 14.2 13.9
Female 30.1 31.4 26.9b 29.2 49.9 49.3 22.1 21.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 25.6 25.8 22.9a 24.2 43.8 43.0 17.7 17.0
White 25.0 25.2 20.7 21.8 44.2 43.3 17.7a 16.3
Black or African American 30.0 29.6 33.5 35.3 44.9 44.6 19.0 20.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 29.3 31.9 39.0 26.8 44.8 39.1 19.1 21.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 17.4 15.1 12.1 15.8 34.0 32.4 11.6 13.8
Two or More Races 26.7 31.2 27.3 31.2 43.1 44.0 18.0 19.2
Hispanic or Latino 24.1a 28.0 26.0b 30.8 44.3 46.7 19.8 20.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 24.7 25.2 25.2b 27.7 44.6 44.5 17.8 17.7
Small Metro 26.3 27.6 23.5 25.2 43.8 42.6 18.9 17.2
Nonmetro 25.7 26.8 17.6 18.5 42.0 43.2 17.5 17.4
100505
Table 3.19A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 1,374 1,010 1,034 1,213
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,082 784 1,141 948
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 255 94 237 286
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 2,201 1,700 1,940 1,873
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 362 124 297 360
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 2,095 1,672 1,881 1,799
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 1,230 969 1,178 1,139
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,203 804 974 1,002
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 1,809 1,370 1,668 1,643
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 616 400 485 496
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 1,602 1,267 1,527 1,519
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 814 494 616 618
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 2,023 1,572 1,874 1,875
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 395 189 275 259
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 1,039 786 1,042 1,041
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,330 949 1,069 1,067
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 1,547 1,191 1,482 1,501
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 827 546 627 607
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk 1,158 822 968 933
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,292 965 1,205 1,220
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 713 501 540 495
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,739 1,286 1,633 1,659
100505
Table 3.19B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 8.6 6.3 6.5 7.6
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 13.0 9.4 13.7 11.4
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 3.4 1.3 3.2 3.8
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 13.1 10.1 11.6 11.2
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 3.0 1.0 2.5 3.0
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 17.0 13.6 15.3 14.6
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 10.3 8.1 9.9 9.6
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 9.9 6.6 8.0 8.3
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 9.6 7.2 8.8 8.7
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.9 7.7 9.4 9.6
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 11.7 9.3 11.2 11.1
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 7.9 4.8 6.0 6.0
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 10.4 8.1 9.7 9.7
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 8.7 4.1 6.0 5.7
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 9.2 7.0 9.2 9.2
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.1 7.9 8.9 8.9
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 9.2 7.1 8.8 9.0
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 12.6 8.3 9.5 9.2
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk 7.4 5.2 6.2 6.0
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 14.9 11.1 13.9 14.1
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 7.3 5.2 5.6 5.1
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.9 8.8 11.2 11.4
100505
Table 3.20A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 2,087 1,658 1,927 1,909
Cocaine 837 627 752 776
Crack 693 484 600 627
Heroin 440 314 390 408
LSD 580 460 549 588
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR
IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN
       
Marijuana 373 136 257 254
Cocaine 1,566 1,120 1,388 1,347
Crack 1,707 1,262 1,540 1,489
Heroin 1,949 1,425 1,737 1,702
LSD 1,771 1,257 1,557 1,488
100505
Table 3.20B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 17.5 13.9 16.2 16.0
Cocaine 17.0 12.8 15.3 15.8
Crack 13.3 9.3 11.5 12.0
Heroin 14.6 10.4 13.0 13.6
LSD 18.7 14.8 17.7 18.9
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR
IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN
       
Marijuana 3.1 1.1 2.1 2.1
Cocaine 8.4 6.0 7.5 7.2
Crack 9.3 6.9 8.4 8.1
Heroin 9.6 7.0 8.5 8.4
LSD 8.9 6.3 7.8 7.5
100505
Table 3.21A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
     Per Day
1,895 548 1,336 450 1,455 723 1,659 495
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,632 818 1,066 726 1,487 687 1,496 662
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month
     or More
1,731 712 1,144 642 1,576 596 1,615 538
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,850 590 1,310 472 1,580 591 1,532 618
100505
Table 3.21B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
     Per Day
8.4 30.7 5.9 25.2 6.5 40.5 7.4 27.7
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 7.4 35.3 4.8 31.3 6.8 29.7 6.8 28.6
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month
     or More
7.7 41.6 5.1 37.5 7.0 34.8 7.1 31.4
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
8.4 25.0 6.0 20.0 7.2 25.0 7.0 26.2
100505
Table 3.22A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
1,745 694 1,212 570 1,336 830 1,514 635
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
     Twice
1,109 1,328 613 1,168 979 1,185 1,058 1,091
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
1,104 1,328 591 1,186 1,024 1,139 1,080 1,067
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,540 890 1,037 739 1,274 894 1,286 860
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
1,804 629 1,263 511 1,383 786 1,604 543
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
     Twice
1,047 1,389 574 1,204 911 1,257 1,008 1,136
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
998 1,435 519 1,257 892 1,275 988 1,156
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,595 844 1,085 696 1,265 907 1,331 815
100505
Table 3.22B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
8.2 23.1 5.7 18.9 6.3 27.6 7.1 21.1
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
     Twice
5.6 29.7 3.1 26.1 4.9 26.5 5.3 24.4
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
5.5 32.7 2.9 29.2 5.1 28.1 5.4 26.3
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
7.4 25.1 5.0 20.8 6.2 25.2 6.2 24.3
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
8.2 26.2 5.8 21.3 6.3 32.8 7.3 22.7
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
     Twice
5.3 31.0 2.9 26.9 4.6 28.1 5.1 25.4
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
5.0 32.8 2.6 28.7 4.5 29.1 5.0 26.4
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
7.5 27.4 5.1 22.6 6.0 29.5 6.3 26.5
100505
Table 3.23A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
     Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
375 2,061 242 1,538 344 1,833 308 1,846
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 276 2,175 180 1,610 256 1,925 207 1,956
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
     Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
255 2,192 163 1,622 223 1,955 212 1,947
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
     Prevention Program Outside of School
306 2,140 201 1,581 260 1,916 236 1,920
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
     Drug or Alcohol Use
154 2,283 114 1,667 166 2,007 129 2,027
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
     Message from Sources Outside School
1,815 630 1,323 460 1,622 550 1,666 487
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
     Alcohol,or Drug Use
1,377 1,056 1,028 747 1,214 950 1,231 924
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 973 1,490 706 1,091 831 1,356 811 1,355
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 786 1,678 590 1,206 687 1,498 668 1,497
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
     Hurt Them
490 1,966 362 1,430 404 1,774 387 1,771
Carried a Handgun 243 2,213 202 1,590 209 1,967 222 1,938
Sold Illegal Drugs 556 1,900 504 1,283 456 1,715 400 1,754
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More
     Than $50
414 2,046 351 1,441 380 1,803 336 1,825
100505
Table 3.23B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
     Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
7.5 10.8 4.8 8.0 6.9 9.6 6.2 9.6
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 8.2 10.3 5.3 7.7 7.6 9.2 6.2 9.3
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
     Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
9.3 10.1 6.0 7.5 8.1 9.0 7.7 9.0
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
     Prevention Program Outside of School
10.5 10.0 6.9 7.4 8.9 8.9 8.1 8.9
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
     Drug or Alcohol Use
15.4 9.8 11.4 7.1 16.6 8.6 12.9 8.7
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
     Message from Sources Outside School
9.7 11.3 7.1 8.2 8.7 9.9 8.9 8.7
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
     Alcohol,or Drug Use
9.8 10.4 7.3 7.4 8.6 9.4 8.7 9.1
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 18.8 7.7 13.7 5.7 16.1 7.0 15.7 7.0
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 22.4 8.0 16.8 5.7 19.5 7.1 19.0 7.1
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
     Hurt Them
27.8 8.6 20.5 6.3 22.9 7.8 21.9 7.8
Carried a Handgun 30.9 9.3 25.8 6.7 26.7 8.3 28.3 8.2
Sold Illegal Drugs 70.5 8.0 63.9 5.4 57.8 7.2 50.7 7.4
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More
     Than $50
38.3 8.7 32.5 6.1 35.2 7.7 31.1 7.8
100505
Table 3.24A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
     Years
753 1,657 548 1,219 697 1,459 595 1,547
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
     More Times in the Past Year
828 1,629 604 1,190 764 1,413 706 1,453
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
     Drugs in the Past Month
1,221 1,242 1,036 761 1,063 1,127 1,033 1,142
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
     Problems4
2,249 170 1,621 141 1,984 153 2,002 125
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
     in the Past Year5
424 1,996 276 1,495 361 1,792 395 1,737
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
     Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
     of His or Her Life
1,332 1,066 893 871 1,164 987 1,230 885
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
     Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
     in Life
1,090 1,309 711 1,051 898 1,253 973 1,145
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
     Important for Friends to Share Religious
     Beliefs
483 1,912 275 1,483 440 1,708 461 1,657
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
     Chores around the House
2,059 400 1,501 293 1,831 353 1,822 346
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
     of Time Youth Watched TV
639 1,813 409 1,381 504 1,673 475 1,688
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Had Done a Good Job
1,833 632 1,319 477 1,603 582 1,646 520
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
     Done
1,794 667 1,282 515 1,602 583 1,617 545
100505
Table 3.24B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2009
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
     Years
12.7 9.2 9.3 6.7 11.8 8.1 10.1 8.5
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
     More Times in the Past Year
14.9 8.7 10.9 6.4 13.8 7.6 12.7 7.8
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
     Drugs in the Past Month
34.8 5.9 29.5 3.6 30.3 5.4 29.4 5.4
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
     Problems4
9.7 18.4 7.0 15.2 8.5 16.5 8.6 13.4
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
     in the Past Year5
5.6 12.1 3.7 9.1 4.8 10.9 5.2 10.6
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
     Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
     of His or Her Life
7.4 17.6 5.0 14.3 6.5 16.3 6.9 14.6
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
     Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
     in Life
6.8 16.5 4.4 13.3 5.6 15.8 6.1 14.5
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
     Important for Friends to Share Religious
     Beliefs
6.0 12.1 3.4 9.4 5.4 10.8 5.7 10.5
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
     Chores around the House
9.6 12.9 7.0 9.5 8.5 11.4 8.5 11.2
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
     of Time Youth Watched TV
6.5 12.4 4.2 9.4 5.1 11.4 4.8 11.5
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Had Done a Good Job
8.7 18.0 6.3 13.6 7.6 16.6 7.8 14.8
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
     Done
8.6 18.7 6.1 14.4 7.7 16.3 7.7 15.3
100505
Table 3.25A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 503 1,796 395 1,312 552 1,534 412 1,655
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
     Seen or Heard in School6
1,568 725 1,148 556 1,381 701 1,430 633
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
     School7
1,529 783 1,103 614 1,277 817 1,366 711
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
     "D" or Lower8
298 1,931 234 1,421 302 1,704 223 1,784
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
1,690 621 1,252 463 1,486 605 1,546 528
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
     Youth Did Homework
1,488 813 1,075 635 1,372 720 1,337 735
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
     Homework
1,495 805 1,090 618 1,369 722 1,346 720
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
     Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
1,438 865 1,046 666 1,312 779 1,251 817
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Smoke Cigarettes
1,073 1,195 871 827 1,206 854 1,005 1,023
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
     Marijuana or Hashish
1,364 895 1,165 532 1,141 910 1,110 918
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Drink Alcoholic Beverages
1,607 668 1,275 420 1,442 614 1,614 425
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
     Drunk at Least Once a Week
794 1,440 649 1,021 771 1,250 830 1,182
100505
Table 3.25B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2009
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 15.5 9.1 12.2 6.7 17.1 7.8 12.7 8.4
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
     Seen or Heard in School6
9.2 12.7 6.7 9.7 8.1 12.3 8.4 11.1
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
     School7
8.2 18.6 5.9 14.6 6.8 19.4 7.3 16.8
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
     "D" or Lower8
24.5 9.3 19.3 6.9 24.9 8.2 18.4 8.6
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
9.2 13.7 6.8 10.2 8.1 13.3 8.4 11.6
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
     Youth Did Homework
8.1 17.6 5.9 13.7 7.5 15.6 7.3 15.9
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
     Homework
8.2 17.5 6.0 13.4 7.5 15.7 7.4 15.6
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
     Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
9.0 13.0 6.5 10.0 8.2 11.7 7.8 12.2
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Smoke Cigarettes
18.5 7.3 15.0 5.1 20.8 5.2 17.4 6.3
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
     Marijuana or Hashish
24.6 5.5 21.0 3.3 20.6 5.6 20.0 5.7
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Drink Alcoholic Beverages
16.7 5.4 13.3 3.4 15.0 5.0 16.8 3.4
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
     Drunk at Least Once a Week
21.0 8.1 17.1 5.7 20.3 7.0 21.9 6.6

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