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100505
Table 3.1C – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Risk/Availability Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 796 802 101 102 144 145 767 775
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 941 967 112 102 130 135 912 935
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 935 1,006 109 111 146 149 898 959
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 822 792 109 110 138 156 800 758
Use Once or Twice a Week 579 543 95 93 102 114 555 525
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 652 627 106 110 117 133 625 587
Use Once or Twice a Week 409 386 91 88 76 81 393 369
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 781 809 105 108 152 153 755 759
Use Once or Twice a Week 532 588 100 101 109 117 505 552
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 853 847 107 106 145 150 828 827
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 946 895 111 101 152 152 914 863
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 897 1,013 110 111 139 138 854 968
Cocaine 816 810 94 90 139 151 798 779
Crack 814 811 96 96 137 138 786 778
Heroin 693 701 75 76 113 113 682 679
LSD 668 639 76 72 115 117 660 625
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 379 399 78 79 121 121 329 344
100505
Table 3.1D – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Risk/Availability Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.32 0.32 0.41 0.42 0.44 0.43 0.40 0.40
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 0.38 0.39 0.45 0.42 0.40 0.41 0.48 0.49
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.38 0.41 0.44 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.48 0.50
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 0.33 0.32 0.45 0.46 0.42 0.47 0.42 0.40
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.24 0.22 0.39 0.38 0.31 0.34 0.29 0.28
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 0.27 0.25 0.44 0.46 0.36 0.40 0.33 0.31
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.17 0.16 0.37 0.37 0.23 0.24 0.21 0.19
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 0.32 0.33 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.47 0.40 0.40
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.22 0.24 0.42 0.43 0.34 0.36 0.27 0.29
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.34 0.34 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.45 0.43 0.43
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 0.38 0.36 0.45 0.41 0.46 0.45 0.48 0.45
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 0.37 0.42 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.42 0.47 0.52
Cocaine 0.35 0.34 0.39 0.38 0.44 0.47 0.44 0.43
Crack 0.35 0.34 0.40 0.41 0.43 0.43 0.44 0.43
Heroin 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.33 0.36 0.35 0.38 0.38
LSD 0.29 0.27 0.32 0.31 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.35
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 0.15 0.16 0.32 0.32 0.37 0.36 0.17 0.18
100505
Table 3.1P – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Risk/Availability Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000   0.0004  
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000   0.0011  
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000   0.0002  
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 0.5550   0.7558   0.1777   0.4051  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.0207   0.2076   0.0016   0.1147  
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 0.9353   0.2376   0.5723   0.7922  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.7921   0.4671   0.6895   0.6761  
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 0.6671   0.0010   0.0824   0.2302  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.0317   0.0004   0.0009   0.2984  
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.2185   0.0083   0.1070   0.5142  
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 0.1061   0.3489   0.6640   0.0815  
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 0.6284   0.2858   0.1647   0.9379  
Cocaine 0.0272   0.0214   0.0002   0.1765  
Crack 0.0160   0.0546   0.0020   0.0828  
Heroin 0.3036   0.7242   0.0158   0.5198  
LSD 0.0571   0.4995   0.0417   0.1288  
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 0.3157   0.1829   0.8256   0.4631  
100505
Table 3.2C – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 101 102 107 106 111 101
AGE            
12-13 113 111 112 113 86 85
14-15 115 122 113 119 86 85
16-17 116 118 114 110 86 84
GENDER            
Male 78 75 74 79 75 74
Female 67 67 70 65 75 70
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 90 90 95 91 97 90
White 182 188 176 177 113 118
Black or African American 103 89 107 94 81 75
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 10 17 11 12 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 52 48 56 53 48 38
Two or More Races 26 31 24 29 18 26
Hispanic or Latino 49 47 48 54 55 49
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 197 195 191 192 135 129
Small Metro 146 152 138 149 94 101
Nonmetro 97 90 90 82 67 59
100505
Table 3.2D – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.41 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.45 0.41
AGE            
12-13 0.76 0.76 0.74 0.74 0.80 0.80
14-15 0.69 0.75 0.73 0.72 0.74 0.72
16-17 0.67 0.72 0.71 0.75 0.75 0.73
GENDER            
Male 0.62 0.61 0.59 0.64 0.60 0.60
Female 0.56 0.56 0.58 0.55 0.62 0.59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.46 0.49 0.46
White 0.51 0.50 0.54 0.53 0.51 0.52
Black or African American 1.09 1.16 1.07 1.18 1.13 1.14
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.75 4.56 5.83 4.85 4.65 3.67
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.87 2.37 2.63 2.26 2.99 2.39
Two or More Races 2.49 2.84 2.74 2.61 2.55 3.12
Hispanic or Latino 1.05 1.01 1.03 1.14 1.18 1.05
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.60 0.58 0.63 0.63 0.65 0.63
Small Metro 0.72 0.74 0.74 0.75 0.78 0.70
Nonmetro 0.88 0.92 1.04 0.93 0.98 0.91
100505
Table 3.2P – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0000   0.0083   0.3489  
AGE            
12-13 0.0002   0.0099   0.8832  
14-15 0.0015   0.8367   0.1587  
16-17 0.0000   0.0667   0.7506  
GENDER            
Male 0.0000   0.0008   0.7408  
Female 0.0000   0.8245   0.3068  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0000   0.0130   0.9223  
White 0.0000   0.0194   0.9405  
Black or African American 0.0019   0.0462   0.8307  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1196   0.8840   0.4965  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.5862   0.3030   0.4081  
Two or More Races 0.9370   0.4314   0.0599  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0025   0.3001   0.0831  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.0000   0.0570   0.5919  
Small Metro 0.0000   0.1030   0.6934  
Nonmetro 0.0278   0.3910   0.3428  
100505
Table 3.3C – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 112 102 109 111 109 110 95 93
AGE                
12-13 82 79 105 104 83 81 112 113
14-15 78 74 98 103 92 97 124 134
16-17 67 60 85 85 102 104 130 133
GENDER                
Male 73 69 78 77 76 77 68 69
Female 77 72 74 74 77 73 66 61
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 101 85 99 96 97 95 78 77
White 109 104 150 156 138 142 200 211
Black or African American 60 53 71 64 80 82 106 98
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 6 8 8 11 9 21 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 38 26 49 45 39 33 52 49
Two or More Races 14 15 24 27 19 25 30 33
Hispanic or Latino 52 52 55 55 53 55 49 48
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 115 104 155 153 146 147 209 215
Small Metro 81 86 111 127 102 114 151 171
Nonmetro 66 59 85 76 77 77 110 105
100505
Table 3.3D – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.45 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.45 0.46 0.39 0.38
AGE                
12-13 0.74 0.77 0.80 0.79 0.77 0.83 0.68 0.76
14-15 0.78 0.69 0.78 0.76 0.78 0.73 0.65 0.61
16-17 0.70 0.61 0.74 0.74 0.76 0.74 0.58 0.57
GENDER                
Male 0.59 0.56 0.62 0.62 0.61 0.63 0.54 0.56
Female 0.64 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.62 0.55 0.51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.50 0.44 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.39 0.40
White 0.55 0.52 0.56 0.55 0.56 0.56 0.43 0.43
Black or African American 1.12 1.11 1.15 1.10 1.08 1.21 0.86 1.06
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.67 3.68 3.59 4.27 4.52 5.04 4.07 4.46
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.95 2.31 3.12 2.46 2.81 2.83 2.67 2.50
Two or More Races 2.35 2.35 2.95 3.15 2.73 3.15 2.19 2.05
Hispanic or Latino 1.13 1.10 1.17 1.17 1.14 1.17 1.05 1.03
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.64 0.60 0.66 0.66 0.63 0.65 0.52 0.56
Small Metro 0.75 0.76 0.73 0.79 0.77 0.76 0.66 0.63
Nonmetro 0.98 0.98 1.00 0.95 0.95 0.99 0.85 0.79
100505
Table 3.3P – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0000   0.0000   0.7558   0.2076  
AGE                
12-13 0.0005   0.0111   0.0553   0.0889  
14-15 0.0056   0.0002   0.4493   0.6793  
16-17 0.0030   0.0000   0.7934   0.2281  
GENDER                
Male 0.0012   0.0000   0.2734   0.3378  
Female 0.0000   0.0013   0.1129   0.4219  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0000   0.0000   0.6555   0.3020  
White 0.0000   0.0000   0.5299   0.3693  
Black or African American 0.1531   0.0872   0.1185   0.5620  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.8882   0.2846   0.6184   0.0436  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0556   0.9312   0.6306   0.7262  
Two or More Races 0.4348   0.4453   0.1021   0.7463  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0565   0.0013   0.1648   0.5357  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.0001   0.0000   0.5391   0.0402  
Small Metro 0.0323   0.0040   0.5206   0.5035  
Nonmetro 0.0065   0.0014   0.7053   0.9056  
100505
Table 3.4C – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 106 110 91 88 105 108 100 101
AGE                
12-13 85 86 113 116 80 79 105 102
14-15 103 111 128 140 92 97 117 128
16-17 116 117 135 140 103 102 127 126
GENDER                
Male 75 77 63 64 72 80 68 74
Female 77 73 62 59 78 73 70 66
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 95 95 77 74 95 92 89 85
White 150 155 206 219 131 136 185 195
Black or African American 93 86 108 102 85 77 99 87
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 10 16 12 13 10 17 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 45 34 54 51 39 30 53 44
Two or More Races 22 29 31 34 20 22 26 28
Hispanic or Latino 51 51 47 44 54 54 50 51
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 164 167 217 226 141 143 196 196
Small Metro 116 133 157 180 108 119 147 161
Nonmetro 87 80 112 107 83 72 99 96
100505
Table 3.4D – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.44 0.46 0.37 0.37 0.45 0.46 0.42 0.43
AGE                
12-13 0.78 0.84 0.73 0.74 0.80 0.80 0.76 0.81
14-15 0.74 0.77 0.62 0.58 0.77 0.74 0.73 0.69
16-17 0.76 0.74 0.51 0.53 0.76 0.75 0.64 0.67
GENDER                
Male 0.61 0.63 0.51 0.53 0.60 0.67 0.57 0.62
Female 0.65 0.62 0.52 0.50 0.68 0.64 0.61 0.58
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.48 0.49 0.39 0.38 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.45
White 0.55 0.58 0.41 0.40 0.57 0.54 0.50 0.48
Black or African American 1.06 1.20 1.00 1.04 1.15 1.27 1.11 1.21
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.01 4.67 4.42 4.68 5.33 5.37 4.70 4.75
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.84 2.74 3.00 2.47 2.89 2.59 3.21 2.61
Two or More Races 2.77 2.72 2.09 1.90 2.95 3.18 2.73 2.94
Hispanic or Latino 1.10 1.10 1.02 0.95 1.21 1.20 1.13 1.12
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.62 0.66 0.55 0.53 0.62 0.66 0.62 0.62
Small Metro 0.76 0.79 0.58 0.60 0.80 0.85 0.74 0.70
Nonmetro 0.94 0.97 0.80 0.79 1.05 1.01 0.87 0.95
100505
Table 3.4P – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.2376   0.4671   0.0010   0.0004  
AGE                
12-13 0.1287   0.1937   0.0032   0.0033  
14-15 0.8915   0.3837   0.3047   0.9644  
16-17 0.4836   0.2383   0.0376   0.0002  
GENDER                
Male 0.8960   0.9478   0.0648   0.0236  
Female 0.1075   0.2436   0.0042   0.0057  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3166   0.9776   0.0070   0.0037  
White 0.2502   0.4225   0.0194   0.0103  
Black or African American 0.8820   0.4374   0.3903   0.1617  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7188   0.6065   0.1650   0.9169  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3978   0.5294   0.3389   0.5367  
Two or More Races 0.2286   0.8869   0.7924   0.9287  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4862   0.1902   0.0518   0.0615  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.2828   0.9706   0.0198   0.0236  
Small Metro 0.9863   0.4516   0.1570   0.0341  
Nonmetro 0.3313   0.3267   0.0322   0.0382  
100505
Table 3.5C – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2008)
Marijuana
(2009)
Cocaine
(2008)
Cocaine
(2009)
Crack
(2008)
Crack
(2009)
Heroin
(2008)
Heroin
(2009)
LSD
(2008)
LSD
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 110 111 94 90 96 96 75 76 76 72
AGE                    
12-13 58 54 41 41 46 47 36 34 31 25
14-15 100 105 64 58 68 64 49 46 48 47
16-17 120 125 71 74 69 75 51 57 61 60
GENDER                    
Male 77 76 61 57 60 61 47 49 50 48
Female 77 75 71 65 74 70 56 55 56 53
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 98 99 80 80 83 82 66 68 67 63
White 144 143 79 76 81 80 57 59 66 60
Black or African American 78 79 51 56 54 57 39 51 35 41
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 8 6 5 6 4 4 2 4 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 36 28 21 17 22 20 19 13 19 9
Two or More Races 22 26 14 17 14 17 11 12 9 11
Hispanic or Latino 52 57 48 48 46 47 37 36 37 38
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 154 157 89 92 95 101 69 73 71 67
Small Metro 106 119 64 63 63 66 43 45 48 48
Nonmetro 66 65 40 34 42 35 27 27 29 27
100505
Table 3.5D – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2008)
Marijuana
(2009)
Cocaine
(2008)
Cocaine
(2009)
Crack
(2008)
Crack
(2009)
Heroin
(2008)
Heroin
(2009)
LSD
(2008)
LSD
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.45 0.46 0.39 0.38 0.40 0.41 0.32 0.33 0.32 0.31
AGE                    
12-13 0.70 0.66 0.54 0.52 0.60 0.59 0.48 0.45 0.43 0.35
14-15 0.79 0.76 0.67 0.62 0.70 0.67 0.55 0.51 0.54 0.53
16-17 0.71 0.70 0.69 0.69 0.66 0.72 0.55 0.60 0.62 0.62
GENDER                    
Male 0.63 0.62 0.50 0.47 0.50 0.51 0.39 0.41 0.42 0.40
Female 0.65 0.65 0.60 0.57 0.63 0.61 0.49 0.48 0.49 0.48
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.50 0.52 0.41 0.42 0.43 0.43 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.34
White 0.57 0.58 0.47 0.44 0.48 0.45 0.37 0.36 0.41 0.38
Black or African American 1.16 1.24 1.09 1.24 1.09 1.25 0.93 1.24 0.88 1.03
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.62 4.31 4.16 3.19 4.35 3.07 2.97 1.60 3.16 2.70
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.92 2.43 2.02 1.76 2.10 1.99 1.87 1.34 1.89 0.97
Two or More Races 2.66 2.69 2.45 2.86 2.51 2.77 2.06 2.18 1.87 2.11
Hispanic or Latino 1.14 1.21 1.05 1.03 1.02 1.00 0.82 0.78 0.83 0.83
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.67 0.69 0.59 0.57 0.59 0.64 0.48 0.49 0.49 0.47
Small Metro 0.76 0.80 0.71 0.60 0.69 0.60 0.55 0.49 0.58 0.50
Nonmetro 0.97 0.95 0.80 0.75 0.81 0.75 0.61 0.64 0.65 0.65
100505
Table 3.5P – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2008)
Marijuana
(2009)
Cocaine
(2008)
Cocaine
(2009)
Crack
(2008)
Crack
(2009)
Heroin
(2008)
Heroin
(2009)
LSD
(2008)
LSD
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.2858   0.0214   0.0546   0.7242   0.4995  
AGE                    
12-13 0.4975   0.6621   0.9686   0.4535   0.1526  
14-15 0.5457   0.0101   0.0043   0.2310   0.4728  
16-17 0.2391   0.0726   0.4817   0.3256   0.8148  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0342   0.0243   0.0496   0.5272   0.9325  
Female 0.5226   0.2851   0.3719   0.9348   0.3226  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6064   0.0233   0.0744   0.9625   0.4597  
White 0.9109   0.0071   0.0201   0.6711   0.2601  
Black or African American 0.7062   0.8476   0.8248   0.3241   0.2716  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5997   0.8930   0.9021   0.1779   0.9508  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.6468   0.6160   0.6855   0.4613   0.0283  
Two or More Races 0.4943   0.3825   0.4250   0.9780   0.4964  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2110   0.4606   0.3490   0.5104   0.9641  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.3960   0.6377   0.8416   0.9315   0.6885  
Small Metro 0.6090   0.0020   0.0056   0.7391   0.9370  
Nonmetro 0.0816   0.2035   0.1618   0.3976   0.2913  
100505
Table 3.6C – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 57 54 64 66 56 56 69 63
AGE                
12-13 132 144 133 145 133 145 132 145
14-15 140 148 139 145 141 148 136 147
16-17 135 140 130 135 132 139 132 138
GENDER                
Male 41 39 46 48 40 42 49 46
Female 38 37 42 42 37 36 47 42
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 49 47 58 60 50 50 60 53
White 223 241 214 235 223 239 220 237
Black or African American 124 112 122 112 123 113 121 111
American Indian or Alaska Native 22 13 22 14 22 14 19 13
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 64 60 62 62 63 62 62 62
Two or More Races 32 35 32 34 33 35 31 35
Hispanic or Latino 29 29 28 29 28 26 37 37
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 242 246 235 243 242 247 235 245
Small Metro 175 206 171 200 176 203 171 199
Nonmetro 123 115 123 117 125 120 121 117
100505
Table 3.6D – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.23 0.22 0.26 0.27 0.23 0.23 0.28 0.26
AGE                
12-13 0.32 0.29 0.35 0.30 0.31 0.27 0.40 0.36
14-15 0.39 0.36 0.43 0.44 0.37 0.37 0.48 0.43
16-17 0.46 0.46 0.52 0.53 0.45 0.47 0.52 0.50
GENDER                
Male 0.33 0.32 0.37 0.39 0.32 0.34 0.39 0.37
Female 0.32 0.31 0.35 0.35 0.31 0.30 0.39 0.35
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.24 0.29 0.31 0.25 0.25 0.30 0.27
White 0.29 0.28 0.34 0.37 0.28 0.30 0.34 0.32
Black or African American 0.65 0.56 0.64 0.64 0.61 0.59 0.73 0.66
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.96 3.60 2.19 2.20 2.74 2.22 3.03 3.27
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.70 1.25 2.05 0.97 2.06 0.87 2.24 1.18
Two or More Races 1.55 1.70 1.92 1.92 1.51 1.57 1.84 1.64
Hispanic or Latino 0.62 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.55 0.80 0.78
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.33 0.31 0.37 0.40 0.33 0.35 0.43 0.39
Small Metro 0.41 0.37 0.48 0.43 0.41 0.36 0.46 0.42
Nonmetro 0.59 0.58 0.52 0.61 0.49 0.49 0.61 0.63
100505
Table 3.6P – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.3550   0.4598   0.6469   0.1468  
AGE                
12-13 0.3206   0.5317   0.3689   0.1052  
14-15 0.3584   0.4580   0.3670   0.6362  
16-17 0.9862   0.4642   0.6952   0.4229  
GENDER                
Male 0.3846   0.1913   0.4842   0.5666  
Female 0.6856   0.7841   0.9399   0.1122  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7280   0.4271   0.4171   0.0900  
White 0.8892   0.1240   0.0415   0.3724  
Black or African American 0.0813   0.2401   0.0762   0.1519  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.2960   0.5203   0.8114   0.9419  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3168   0.5828   0.4016   0.3297  
Two or More Races 0.4178   0.6604   0.5389   0.7473  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2702   0.9059   0.5986   0.9437  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.7484   0.1660   0.2684   0.3118  
Small Metro 0.2672   0.3441   0.5123   0.6117  
Nonmetro 0.2474   0.6580   0.8400   0.3636  
100505
Table 3.7C – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 73 73 87 86 81 82 76 80
AGE                
12-13 132 144 132 143 132 144 130 144
14-15 138 141 135 135 137 140 135 141
16-17 128 133 116 119 118 122 127 127
GENDER                
Male 55 53 63 63 60 59 58 60
Female 47 49 55 57 53 55 49 51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 65 62 77 76 73 73 66 68
White 215 234 200 219 205 225 208 232
Black or African American 119 106 114 100 112 101 115 100
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 14 17 14 17 14 17 14
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 63 61 61 62 61 62 61 61
Two or More Races 31 35 30 33 30 33 30 34
Hispanic or Latino 35 33 40 40 38 39 39 39
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 236 244 218 225 222 231 229 238
Small Metro 168 190 161 179 162 183 164 183
Nonmetro 116 109 117 107 117 110 112 110
100505
Table 3.7D – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.30 0.30 0.35 0.36 0.33 0.34 0.31 0.33
AGE                
12-13 0.38 0.39 0.37 0.40 0.36 0.38 0.39 0.41
14-15 0.54 0.49 0.59 0.58 0.57 0.56 0.56 0.53
16-17 0.55 0.58 0.66 0.68 0.64 0.65 0.60 0.63
GENDER                
Male 0.44 0.43 0.50 0.51 0.48 0.48 0.46 0.48
Female 0.39 0.41 0.46 0.48 0.44 0.46 0.40 0.43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.33 0.32 0.39 0.39 0.36 0.37 0.33 0.35
White 0.36 0.36 0.45 0.46 0.42 0.43 0.38 0.40
Black or African American 0.80 0.86 0.94 0.93 0.91 0.95 0.79 0.91
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.66 3.12 3.79 3.01 3.82 2.97 3.80 2.78
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.78 1.35 1.85 1.31 1.82 1.27 1.88 1.26
Two or More Races 1.68 2.19 2.06 2.57 2.05 2.55 2.07 2.27
Hispanic or Latino 0.76 0.70 0.87 0.84 0.82 0.82 0.84 0.83
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.41 0.43 0.51 0.53 0.48 0.50 0.44 0.47
Small Metro 0.49 0.51 0.57 0.59 0.54 0.57 0.50 0.56
Nonmetro 0.73 0.71 0.76 0.70 0.69 0.67 0.72 0.69
100505
Table 3.7P – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.7231   0.0333   0.0874   0.4726  
AGE                
12-13 0.9925   0.3736   0.4845   0.4563  
14-15 0.1328   0.1697   0.2098   0.0324  
16-17 0.5037   0.1811   0.4156   0.8458  
GENDER                
Male 0.6234   0.0815   0.1514   0.4863  
Female 0.9709   0.1847   0.3309   0.7654  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8602   0.1378   0.2935   0.2343  
White 0.5459   0.0294   0.0366   0.1116  
Black or African American 0.3957   0.5058   0.3025   0.3248  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3194   0.2473   0.2714   0.1350  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3590   0.4484   0.2532   0.1215  
Two or More Races 0.4625   0.3351   0.3066   0.3658  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6613   0.0590   0.0850   0.5456  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.1286   0.4267   0.6059   0.3949  
Small Metro 0.0188   0.0158   0.0450   0.3326  
Nonmetro 0.3464   0.3538   0.4166   0.1530  
100505
Table 3.8C – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 68 64 85 85 84 87 76 75
AGE                
12-13 132 144 132 143 132 144 131 141
14-15 139 144 130 136 132 139 136 143
16-17 132 136 117 120 118 122 129 131
GENDER                
Male 50 49 60 65 61 65 57 59
Female 44 42 58 56 57 55 47 46
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 59 56 77 76 75 77 65 63
White 218 240 201 223 203 226 212 232
Black or African American 121 109 113 104 110 103 115 105
American Indian or Alaska Native 21 14 21 14 21 14 18 14
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 62 62 61 61 61 61 62 62
Two or More Races 31 34 29 32 30 32 31 33
Hispanic or Latino 32 32 40 41 42 41 37 39
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 237 245 217 226 218 230 232 238
Small Metro 170 195 157 183 159 182 165 186
Nonmetro 120 116 114 110 115 110 117 113
100505
Table 3.8D – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.28 0.26 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.36 0.31 0.31
AGE                
12-13 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.40 0.38 0.41 0.40 0.42
14-15 0.49 0.43 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.57 0.50 0.51
16-17 0.52 0.50 0.69 0.65 0.70 0.67 0.61 0.58
GENDER                
Male 0.40 0.40 0.48 0.53 0.49 0.53 0.45 0.47
Female 0.37 0.35 0.48 0.47 0.47 0.46 0.39 0.39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.29 0.38 0.39 0.37 0.39 0.32 0.32
White 0.34 0.33 0.46 0.47 0.43 0.47 0.37 0.36
Black or African American 0.68 0.72 0.80 0.88 0.81 0.90 0.79 0.80
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.07 2.08 3.94 2.56 4.14 2.60 4.78 2.11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.20 1.25 2.31 1.53 2.31 1.47 1.38 1.38
Two or More Races 1.86 2.03 2.20 2.46 2.11 2.55 1.76 2.21
Hispanic or Latino 0.69 0.67 0.87 0.87 0.91 0.88 0.81 0.82
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.39 0.38 0.51 0.52 0.50 0.52 0.44 0.46
Small Metro 0.45 0.45 0.57 0.60 0.56 0.59 0.50 0.50
Nonmetro 0.64 0.61 0.72 0.65 0.70 0.68 0.72 0.58
100505
Table 3.8P – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.1514   0.3098   0.1725   0.4410  
AGE                
12-13 0.2326   0.8370   0.8756   0.5027  
14-15 0.1382   0.5071   0.2792   0.3877  
16-17 0.8504   0.5087   0.4104   0.8453  
GENDER                
Male 0.7265   0.0207   0.0139   0.9341  
Female 0.0703   0.2975   0.4878   0.1667  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2322   0.1878   0.1248   0.3615  
White 0.1494   0.1944   0.0803   0.2116  
Black or African American 0.6213   0.8324   0.9529   0.8920  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5933   0.5020   0.6962   0.1238  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.4008   0.8091   0.6340   0.8006  
Two or More Races 0.4483   0.2932   0.1355   0.1990  
Hispanic or Latino 0.4009   0.7413   0.9932   0.9374  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.4138   0.3300   0.3527   0.8436  
Small Metro 0.7452   0.8496   0.4048   0.8292  
Nonmetro 0.1303   0.3677   0.5514   0.0215  
100505
Table 3.9C – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 95 91 76 78 70 72
AGE            
12-13 65 63 55 56 37 37
14-15 63 58 47 47 51 52
16-17 56 58 36 42 41 43
GENDER            
Male 66 60 50 53 46 51
Female 66 66 54 54 52 52
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 83 79 65 69 62 61
White 82 80 56 61 49 57
Black or African American 48 51 44 46 39 37
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 6 4 7 5 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 27 24 18 17 25 14
Two or More Races 18 21 11 14 9 14
Hispanic or Latino 44 41 38 37 33 38
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 91 90 70 68 62 64
Small Metro 64 59 42 50 37 45
Nonmetro 42 41 34 36 33 30
100505
Table 3.9D – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.39 0.38 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.29
AGE            
12-13 0.71 0.73 0.60 0.65 0.45 0.46
14-15 0.66 0.61 0.52 0.51 0.55 0.55
16-17 0.59 0.60 0.41 0.46 0.45 0.48
GENDER            
Male 0.53 0.48 0.40 0.43 0.36 0.41
Female 0.55 0.56 0.44 0.45 0.43 0.44
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.42 0.40 0.33 0.35 0.31 0.31
White 0.47 0.45 0.34 0.38 0.32 0.34
Black or African American 1.02 1.07 0.96 1.02 0.84 0.89
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.22 4.13 2.90 4.32 3.28 3.10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.59 2.32 1.79 1.60 2.38 1.44
Two or More Races 2.82 3.22 2.04 2.36 1.75 2.46
Hispanic or Latino 0.96 0.87 0.81 0.79 0.70 0.80
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.57 0.55 0.48 0.46 0.41 0.43
Small Metro 0.66 0.61 0.48 0.52 0.45 0.51
Nonmetro 0.82 0.81 0.69 0.78 0.71 0.66
100505
Table 3.9P – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0704   0.5742   0.2405  
AGE            
12-13 0.2407   0.8775   0.5548  
14-15 0.0556   0.6226   0.9866  
16-17 0.9601   0.0761   0.1353  
GENDER            
Male 0.0258   0.4909   0.1935  
Female 0.6680   0.8801   0.7031  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1281   0.7581   0.7557  
White 0.0286   0.6555   0.5912  
Black or African American 0.3051   0.8677   0.6272  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5976   0.2351   0.5432  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.3689   0.8520   0.1252  
Two or More Races 0.8903   0.6905   0.5717  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2773   0.5639   0.0709  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.1524   0.8134   0.6453  
Small Metro 0.2239   0.6440   0.1837  
Nonmetro 0.7636   0.6333   0.6877  
100505
Table 3.10C – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 72 71 45 44 87 98 110 113
AGE                
12-13 46 48 28 25 110 117 101 111
14-15 46 45 27 27 128 134 109 113
16-17 40 38 26 25 128 132 105 107
GENDER                
Male 48 51 32 34 63 70 76 80
Female 50 50 32 28 61 63 76 75
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 63 62 37 36 77 86 95 98
White 53 55 27 28 200 210 165 173
Black or African American 39 36 23 21 110 94 82 70
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 4 2 2 * 13 12 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 26 17 14 8 59 54 42 40
Two or More Races 10 15 5 7 31 32 26 31
Hispanic or Latino 32 36 25 24 45 47 53 52
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 62 62 39 36 212 210 168 184
Small Metro 44 43 24 22 146 175 128 140
Nonmetro 33 33 16 15 108 100 83 80
100505
Table 3.10D – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.29 0.29 0.18 0.18 0.35 0.40 0.45 0.47
AGE                
12-13 0.54 0.57 0.35 0.32 0.67 0.73 0.75 0.78
14-15 0.51 0.50 0.31 0.31 0.61 0.63 0.77 0.79
16-17 0.44 0.43 0.30 0.29 0.57 0.61 0.76 0.78
GENDER                
Male 0.38 0.41 0.26 0.27 0.50 0.56 0.61 0.65
Female 0.42 0.42 0.27 0.23 0.51 0.53 0.63 0.63
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.32 0.32 0.19 0.18 0.39 0.44 0.48 0.50
White 0.32 0.34 0.18 0.19 0.45 0.48 0.54 0.54
Black or African American 0.86 0.86 0.56 0.53 0.98 1.06 1.11 1.17
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.74 3.14 1.64 1.68 * 3.63 4.02 4.42
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.46 1.78 1.47 0.81 2.20 1.87 2.71 2.39
Two or More Races 1.79 2.49 1.05 1.27 2.11 2.47 2.75 2.70
Hispanic or Latino 0.69 0.75 0.54 0.50 0.97 0.99 1.14 1.10
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.41 0.43 0.27 0.27 0.52 0.58 0.64 0.71
Small Metro 0.51 0.49 0.31 0.28 0.60 0.63 0.78 0.78
Nonmetro 0.67 0.71 0.38 0.36 0.76 0.88 0.94 0.98
100505
Table 3.10P – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0190   0.2607   0.0526   0.3948  
AGE                
12-13 0.1271   0.2643   0.0072   0.2962  
14-15 0.3395   0.3516   0.5815   0.8592  
16-17 0.0806   0.8319   0.6745   0.7523  
GENDER                
Male 0.1384   0.7415   0.5531   0.9063  
Female 0.0682   0.1954   0.0247   0.2390  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1016   0.1341   0.0961   0.2163  
White 0.0284   0.4928   0.4068   0.8982  
Black or African American 0.9122   0.1718   0.0621   0.0019  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6465   0.5692   *   0.1453  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.6545   0.4542   0.5115   0.8056  
Two or More Races 0.3467   0.9108   0.3222   0.8237  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0546   0.8870   0.3880   0.6348  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.2100   0.6683   0.0675   0.3540  
Small Metro 0.2029   0.3200   0.3817   0.5036  
Nonmetro 0.0641   0.3926   0.7795   0.5983  
100505
Table 3.11C – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 90 97 79 77 57 58
AGE            
12-13 58 60 45 50 30 32
14-15 65 62 52 49 37 36
16-17 56 56 49 50 37 36
GENDER            
Male 68 72 57 57 43 43
Female 60 58 52 54 36 37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 76 86 68 67 50 49
White 73 77 59 64 38 39
Black or African American 50 53 41 39 32 30
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 6 6 5 6 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 21 19 24 14 11 11
Two or More Races 14 14 11 12 9 8
Hispanic or Latino 45 46 39 40 28 31
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 84 89 70 74 45 50
Small Metro 59 64 45 50 34 32
Nonmetro 46 41 36 33 26 21
100505
Table 3.11D – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.36 0.40 0.32 0.31 0.23 0.24
AGE            
12-13 0.65 0.70 0.53 0.57 0.37 0.41
14-15 0.66 0.62 0.55 0.50 0.41 0.40
16-17 0.59 0.58 0.52 0.53 0.41 0.40
GENDER            
Male 0.54 0.58 0.45 0.45 0.34 0.35
Female 0.49 0.49 0.43 0.45 0.30 0.31
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.38 0.44 0.34 0.34 0.25 0.25
White 0.41 0.47 0.37 0.37 0.25 0.26
Black or African American 1.00 1.13 0.91 0.90 0.76 0.72
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.42 4.00 3.52 3.28 3.35 2.19
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.98 1.78 2.21 1.35 1.15 1.06
Two or More Races 2.42 2.49 1.97 2.20 1.73 1.54
Hispanic or Latino 0.97 0.96 0.83 0.83 0.59 0.64
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.55 0.59 0.46 0.48 0.32 0.36
Small Metro 0.59 0.61 0.51 0.50 0.41 0.37
Nonmetro 0.81 0.81 0.70 0.71 0.55 0.50
100505
Table 3.11P – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.6614   0.8364   0.7306  
AGE            
12-13 0.7173   0.8406   0.7950  
14-15 0.1883   0.1394   0.5163  
16-17 0.8284   0.3906   0.8402  
GENDER            
Male 0.9442   0.5900   0.9855  
Female 0.4406   0.3855   0.5726  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5609   0.9671   0.2580  
White 0.3235   0.8066   0.3858  
Black or African American 0.6852   0.9413   0.6674  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.2670   0.9431   0.1359  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.7603   0.2231   0.9404  
Two or More Races 0.5935   0.7755   0.4608  
Hispanic or Latino 0.9540   0.6749   0.2069  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.8709   0.4787   0.4094  
Small Metro 0.9715   0.9559   0.7220  
Nonmetro 0.0853   0.0441   0.0292  
100505
Table 3.12C – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 38 36 39 37 44 45
AGE            
12-13 16 17 9 10 17 18
14-15 29 24 24 22 27 31
16-17 23 23 28 28 33 29
GENDER            
Male 35 33 32 31 35 36
Female 16 15 22 20 28 26
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 35 33 34 30 38 37
White 30 30 28 28 31 32
Black or African American 17 16 16 15 23 18
American Indian or Alaska Native 2 2 1 2 * 2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 13 2 12 3 11 8
Two or More Races 4 7 6 7 8 7
Hispanic or Latino 18 17 19 21 22 24
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 29 26 32 27 37 37
Small Metro 21 22 21 25 24 27
Nonmetro 18 19 13 13 17 12
100505
Table 3.12D – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.18 0.18
AGE            
12-13 0.21 0.22 0.12 0.14 0.22 0.24
14-15 0.33 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.32 0.35
16-17 0.27 0.26 0.32 0.32 0.37 0.33
GENDER            
Male 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.29
Female 0.13 0.12 0.18 0.17 0.23 0.22
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.19 0.19
White 0.20 0.20 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21
Black or African American 0.43 0.41 0.42 0.39 0.58 0.47
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.31 1.29 0.76 1.62 * 1.33
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.28 0.18 1.24 0.26 1.10 0.75
Two or More Races 0.89 1.26 1.20 1.25 1.53 1.31
Hispanic or Latino 0.37 0.36 0.40 0.44 0.47 0.50
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.21 0.19 0.23 0.20 0.27 0.28
Small Metro 0.27 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32
Nonmetro 0.39 0.47 0.30 0.32 0.37 0.30
100505
Table 3.12P – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.9768   0.4193   0.3632  
AGE            
12-13 0.9310   0.3308   0.7530  
14-15 0.4248   0.8533   0.3038  
16-17 0.4787   0.6237   0.0208  
GENDER            
Male 0.8513   0.6351   0.4796  
Female 0.6301   0.4562   0.5945  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7819   0.9216   0.1084  
White 0.7202   0.2807   0.5751  
Black or African American 0.6750   0.2540   0.0860  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.8011   0.1800   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.1291   0.2551   0.6308  
Two or More Races 0.7298   0.9256   0.6903  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6200   0.1590   0.4002  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.6144   0.8092   0.4620  
Small Metro 0.3999   0.5536   0.6920  
Nonmetro 0.8080   0.4301   0.0886  
100505
Table 3.13C – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 107 116 95 91 78 79 44 42 117 122
AGE                    
12-13 69 69 53 50 27 28 134 147 73 76
14-15 73 69 68 68 50 53 144 149 76 84
16-17 61 69 68 66 63 61 139 146 77 78
GENDER                    
Male 70 76 60 63 56 58 33 31 75 79
Female 72 70 70 66 53 49 27 27 76 81
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 90 97 86 80 65 65 37 36 104 108
White 81 92 99 89 60 64 228 245 119 143
Black or African American 63 68 32 34 42 36 128 116 57 52
American Indian or Alaska Native 11 6 4 5 7 4 * 14 5 6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 26 29 33 21 12 11 62 61 31 28
Two or More Races 18 14 15 15 13 15 34 36 15 18
Hispanic or Latino 54 52 44 45 39 42 23 20 47 48
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 99 115 100 93 72 74 246 253 122 136
Small Metro 76 77 72 66 47 51 179 206 88 93
Nonmetro 49 46 44 38 26 28 129 123 60 61
100505
Table 3.13D – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.44 0.48 0.39 0.37 0.32 0.32 0.18 0.17 0.48 0.51
AGE                    
12-13 0.75 0.78 0.62 0.62 0.34 0.35 0.31 0.28 0.78 0.79
14-15 0.73 0.69 0.68 0.67 0.55 0.54 0.34 0.33 0.73 0.77
16-17 0.64 0.69 0.66 0.64 0.63 0.62 0.29 0.28 0.73 0.72
GENDER                    
Male 0.57 0.62 0.48 0.51 0.44 0.47 0.27 0.26 0.60 0.64
Female 0.61 0.60 0.58 0.56 0.43 0.41 0.22 0.23 0.64 0.69
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.50 0.43 0.41 0.32 0.33 0.19 0.18 0.53 0.56
White 0.48 0.53 0.49 0.49 0.36 0.38 0.19 0.19 0.60 0.67
Black or African American 1.32 1.36 0.76 0.86 0.95 0.84 0.47 0.54 1.15 1.14
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.55 4.69 3.71 3.30 3.45 2.76 * 2.16 4.32 4.34
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.50 2.44 3.00 1.93 1.16 1.08 1.49 1.11 2.85 2.43
Two or More Races 2.93 2.49 2.50 2.51 2.26 2.53 1.01 1.32 2.61 2.87
Hispanic or Latino 1.19 1.12 0.94 0.96 0.83 0.87 0.50 0.42 1.03 1.03
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.62 0.72 0.57 0.58 0.47 0.48 0.27 0.26 0.70 0.74
Small Metro 0.81 0.80 0.71 0.61 0.54 0.50 0.29 0.28 0.82 0.85
Nonmetro 0.91 0.93 0.85 0.79 0.56 0.64 0.39 0.33 1.03 1.01
100505
Table 3.13P – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.3671   0.1489   0.1829   0.5392   0.6516  
AGE                    
12-13 0.6896   0.5109   0.5729   0.3268   0.9038  
14-15 0.3585   0.8782   0.6131   0.5152   0.6584  
16-17 0.2477   0.0576   0.3331   0.2218   0.5961  
GENDER                    
Male 0.2647   0.8132   0.0342   0.6677   0.4954  
Female 0.8588   0.0855   0.7390   0.6258   0.9883  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5670   0.0897   0.9829   0.1964   0.7377  
White 0.9649   0.0651   0.3343   0.4464   0.8260  
Black or African American 0.0363   0.6993   0.1065   0.0989   0.2454  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1713   0.9756   0.2826   *   0.5715  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.7646   0.5982   0.9252   0.6815   0.8086  
Two or More Races 0.0417   0.6301   0.8254   0.3795   0.7719  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5199   0.8150   0.0108   0.3553   0.8075  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2116   0.5467   0.3284   0.4112   0.4371  
Small Metro 0.7393   0.1328   0.8445   0.9361   0.6012  
Nonmetro 0.4372   0.5749   0.2398   0.7919   0.7247  
100505
Table 3.14C – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 102 102 104 111 112 112
AGE            
12-13 122 127 114 120 78 84
14-15 125 129 118 121 76 81
16-17 118 122 111 115 72 76
GENDER            
Male 70 76 72 81 77 76
Female 68 65 72 74 76 77
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 89 90 94 97 101 99
White 185 202 172 188 114 127
Black or African American 114 99 107 93 67 65
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 13 14 13 9 9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 52 55 50 50 34 31
Two or More Races 25 31 26 29 15 21
Hispanic or Latino 45 46 48 53 49 51
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 207 206 192 189 115 120
Small Metro 152 170 136 159 88 102
Nonmetro 114 108 108 103 69 72
100505
Table 3.14D – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.42 0.42 0.43 0.46 0.46 0.47
AGE            
12-13 0.61 0.58 0.67 0.71 0.80 0.80
14-15 0.67 0.72 0.70 0.74 0.72 0.77
16-17 0.71 0.74 0.75 0.78 0.70 0.73
GENDER            
Male 0.56 0.62 0.58 0.66 0.62 0.62
Female 0.57 0.55 0.60 0.63 0.64 0.65
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.45 0.47 0.47 0.50 0.51 0.52
White 0.53 0.55 0.56 0.61 0.60 0.62
Black or African American 0.75 0.95 0.93 1.06 1.16 1.23
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.60 3.58 4.66 3.93 3.65 4.77
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.62 2.25 2.57 2.40 2.91 2.49
Two or More Races 2.77 2.84 2.79 2.83 2.58 3.17
Hispanic or Latino 0.99 1.00 1.03 1.15 1.08 1.12
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.62 0.64 0.64 0.67 0.65 0.67
Small Metro 0.73 0.74 0.72 0.82 0.84 0.84
Nonmetro 0.78 0.82 0.87 0.94 1.02 1.07
100505
Table 3.14P – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5789   0.1720   0.7207  
AGE            
12-13 0.3804   0.7155   0.2751  
14-15 0.3717   0.2280   0.0875  
16-17 0.6103   0.2209   0.1138  
GENDER            
Male 0.1245   0.0555   0.8879  
Female 0.4265   0.9912   0.4909  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9798   0.3829   0.9583  
White 0.3590   0.5324   0.8794  
Black or African American 0.0050   0.3741   0.7849  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4772   0.3193   0.3890  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *  
Asian 0.5503   0.9958   0.8409  
Two or More Races 0.7323   0.9894   0.2179  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1842   0.1996   0.4914  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.5380   0.1544   0.9498  
Small Metro 0.8943   0.5739   0.7326  
Nonmetro 0.9071   0.9188   0.5178  
100505
Table 3.15C – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 74 73 114 112 82 76 84 78
AGE                
12-13 129 134 100 99 131 138 130 138
14-15 141 146 84 90 135 139 135 138
16-17 132 138 73 77 131 135 129 134
GENDER                
Male 50 53 78 75 53 51 56 53
Female 54 52 78 78 59 57 58 57
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 62 62 99 97 70 66 72 66
White 211 227 126 136 213 225 214 226
Black or African American 125 115 66 67 120 107 119 108
American Indian or Alaska Native 20 14 13 11 16 14 * 14
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 61 48 46 37 54 55 53 58
Two or More Races 32 34 16 24 32 34 31 34
Hispanic or Latino 38 37 57 55 38 39 42 40
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 231 236 142 145 229 230 223 234
Small Metro 168 191 99 108 162 185 163 181
Nonmetro 123 115 59 62 120 115 118 113
100505
Table 3.15D – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.30 0.30 0.46 0.46 0.33 0.31 0.34 0.32
AGE                
12-13 0.50 0.55 0.79 0.76 0.48 0.45 0.49 0.48
14-15 0.49 0.47 0.74 0.75 0.54 0.53 0.61 0.56
16-17 0.51 0.52 0.69 0.69 0.61 0.62 0.60 0.57
GENDER                
Male 0.39 0.43 0.62 0.60 0.42 0.41 0.44 0.42
Female 0.44 0.43 0.64 0.65 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.31 0.31 0.50 0.49 0.35 0.33 0.36 0.34
White 0.37 0.37 0.57 0.55 0.36 0.35 0.39 0.39
Black or African American 0.65 0.60 1.21 1.29 0.72 0.88 0.78 0.83
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.73 2.61 4.89 5.32 4.21 2.59 * 2.54
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.08 1.98 3.15 2.48 2.86 2.25 2.99 2.20
Two or More Races 1.59 1.90 2.47 3.30 1.64 1.74 2.02 1.87
Hispanic or Latino 0.80 0.77 1.22 1.15 0.81 0.81 0.90 0.85
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.44 0.44 0.69 0.66 0.50 0.46 0.51 0.46
Small Metro 0.50 0.48 0.79 0.79 0.52 0.52 0.52 0.57
Nonmetro 0.62 0.65 0.95 1.00 0.63 0.61 0.74 0.61
100505
Table 3.15P – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.2107   0.6971   0.4151   0.9350  
AGE                
12-13 0.0097   0.4758   0.9615   0.9777  
14-15 0.1195   0.2856   0.9470   0.8928  
16-17 0.2639   0.5070   0.2413   0.6539  
GENDER                
Male 0.2199   0.5009   0.4858   0.5822  
Female 0.6081   0.9303   0.6188   0.5256  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0668   0.9892   0.3283   0.7583  
White 0.5244   0.7059   0.8657   0.6982  
Black or African American 0.9908   0.5986   0.0240   0.3278  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4277   0.7599   0.0115   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0048   0.0297   0.7874   0.5283  
Two or More Races 0.1957   0.6848   0.5697   0.9510  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5514   0.4762   0.9250   0.4523  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.3177   0.4587   0.6085   0.9388  
Small Metro 0.7025   0.9737   0.2310   0.3059  
Nonmetro 0.4172   0.5796   0.5066   0.0413  
100505
Table 3.16C – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 86 91 248 254 256 276 50 51
AGE                
12-13 40 40 115 119 117 123 24 24
14-15 51 49 127 130 128 131 32 29
16-17 48 53 111 109 122 128 30 30
GENDER                
Male 61 62 153 160 159 172 36 37
Female 56 60 159 152 166 167 33 34
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 70 73 220 235 227 249 42 39
White 60 60 188 201 192 207 37 32
Black or African American 29 41 97 89 109 106 20 21
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 3 * 11 20 13 * 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 17 14 53 52 56 55 6 3
Two or More Races 11 8 31 32 30 33 6 7
Hispanic or Latino 47 51 110 104 119 122 29 33
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 66 73 202 199 208 214 40 37
Small Metro 48 54 139 149 148 167 26 32
Nonmetro 34 30 98 96 100 105 22 17
100505
Table 3.16D – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.33 0.35 0.41 0.44 0.35 0.34 0.22 0.23
AGE                
12-13 0.52 0.54 0.68 0.69 0.61 0.55 0.36 0.36
14-15 0.57 0.55 0.63 0.67 0.60 0.59 0.41 0.37
16-17 0.54 0.59 0.73 0.76 0.61 0.61 0.37 0.37
GENDER                
Male 0.46 0.47 0.56 0.61 0.50 0.50 0.31 0.32
Female 0.44 0.49 0.57 0.57 0.50 0.48 0.29 0.31
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.34 0.35 0.43 0.46 0.39 0.38 0.22 0.21
White 0.39 0.40 0.48 0.51 0.45 0.46 0.26 0.23
Black or African American 0.75 1.11 1.02 1.21 0.73 0.87 0.57 0.63
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.74 3.00 * 5.32 4.58 3.18 * 2.47
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.88 1.54 2.76 2.24 1.96 1.91 0.72 0.33
Two or More Races 2.07 1.63 2.43 2.36 2.31 2.11 1.39 1.38
Hispanic or Latino 0.99 1.00 1.18 1.13 0.86 0.89 0.70 0.79
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.47 0.55 0.56 0.61 0.50 0.52 0.32 0.31
Small Metro 0.63 0.60 0.73 0.77 0.64 0.58 0.38 0.44
Nonmetro 0.74 0.73 0.84 0.88 0.78 0.76 0.54 0.46
100505
Table 3.16P – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.9266   0.0998   0.5863   0.0063  
AGE                
12-13 0.6738   0.4313   0.3782   0.2084  
14-15 0.8768   0.0341   0.7883   0.0083  
16-17 0.5432   0.8130   0.6390   0.3643  
GENDER                
Male 0.9756   0.1158   0.7205   0.1054  
Female 0.9018   0.4447   0.7130   0.0187  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7523   0.1937   0.0689   0.0001  
White 0.6026   0.3035   0.0792   0.0006  
Black or African American 0.1461   0.3267   0.7890   0.2503  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0779   *   0.5279   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3348   0.9585   0.4176   0.1094  
Two or More Races 0.0723   0.9455   0.3262   0.5202  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6431   0.2864   0.0110   0.4775  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.8700   0.2701   0.3479   0.0387  
Small Metro 0.8765   0.1261   0.3401   0.3874  
Nonmetro 0.7240   0.9603   0.0242   0.0601  
100505
Table 3.17C – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 254 269 252 277 253 276 230 243
AGE                
12-13 117 122 119 128 120 132 106 110
14-15 126 129 125 131 127 129 111 122
16-17 122 125 112 121 112 119 112 112
GENDER                
Male 159 175 160 178 161 171 135 149
Female 162 158 158 160 156 164 154 150
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 226 236 222 242 223 250 204 214
White 195 196 190 203 196 213 174 180
Black or African American 108 102 105 99 100 93 96 86
American Indian or Alaska Native 21 12 * 12 * 12 * 10
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 57 53 51 53 47 51 51 47
Two or More Races 29 33 29 33 31 33 28 31
Hispanic or Latino 115 121 113 124 107 111 105 116
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 207 204 203 213 208 213 188 183
Small Metro 146 168 149 168 148 162 137 151
Nonmetro 104 102 106 103 105 107 95 93
100505
Table 3.17D – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.35 0.35 0.39 0.39 0.38 0.37 0.42 0.43
AGE                
12-13 0.60 0.62 0.54 0.54 0.50 0.55 0.69 0.80
14-15 0.63 0.62 0.65 0.62 0.65 0.58 0.70 0.67
16-17 0.61 0.61 0.72 0.72 0.72 0.71 0.75 0.73
GENDER                
Male 0.47 0.49 0.52 0.48 0.50 0.51 0.57 0.62
Female 0.54 0.51 0.58 0.59 0.58 0.55 0.58 0.59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.40 0.39 0.43 0.41 0.39 0.39 0.46 0.46
White 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.46 0.42 0.42 0.53 0.54
Black or African American 0.86 0.96 1.06 0.95 0.90 1.09 1.08 1.15
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.91 3.41 * 4.09 * 4.12 * 4.46
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.21 2.10 2.62 2.22 3.00 2.28 2.63 2.44
Two or More Races 2.61 2.24 2.66 2.26 2.16 1.84 2.64 2.70
Hispanic or Latino 0.91 0.84 0.94 0.99 1.06 1.03 1.08 1.10
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.53 0.50 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.57 0.61 0.64
Small Metro 0.60 0.61 0.63 0.66 0.65 0.64 0.75 0.70
Nonmetro 0.81 0.77 0.91 0.72 0.82 0.70 0.91 0.97
100505
Table 3.17P – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5449   0.3251   0.8625   0.5468  
AGE                
12-13 0.8955   0.9746   0.1957   0.8484  
14-15 0.5184   0.3469   0.4945   0.2848  
16-17 0.7163   0.4031   0.9116   0.8996  
GENDER                
Male 0.9205   0.1386   0.1779   0.3934  
Female 0.3566   0.9603   0.2840   0.9759  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6108   0.2667   0.5775   0.5404  
White 0.3450   0.6126   0.9716   0.4983  
Black or African American 0.7438   0.6553   0.2858   0.5678  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.9304   *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.2538   0.4783   0.0077   0.6745  
Two or More Races 0.5431   0.1847   0.5337   0.2796  
Hispanic or Latino 0.8353   0.9660   0.2971   0.9355  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.9500   0.7731   0.6424   0.8015  
Small Metro 0.4646   0.8437   0.3996   0.8284  
Nonmetro 0.6394   0.0544   0.0400   0.4334  
100505
Table 3.18C – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 118 129 115 122 163 168 93 99
AGE                
12-13 29 31 23 24 36 37 16 18
14-15 68 70 60 65 87 92 50 48
16-17 80 86 84 88 111 113 70 75
GENDER                
Male 68 75 69 76 97 107 56 58
Female 85 91 85 86 114 116 70 72
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 106 110 102 106 146 147 79 84
White 90 93 83 84 125 126 68 70
Black or African American 48 49 54 53 65 63 35 39
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 5 11 5 10 6 5 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 31 18 21 21 36 29 19 18
Two or More Races 16 17 16 18 20 21 11 13
Hispanic or Latino 50 62 53 63 73 84 46 50
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 92 93 92 95 133 128 74 74
Small Metro 64 82 63 73 93 105 51 60
Nonmetro 48 43 39 37 62 59 36 35
100505
Table 3.18D – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.42 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.47 0.47 0.35 0.39
AGE                
12-13 0.42 0.45 0.34 0.36 0.51 0.54 0.25 0.29
14-15 0.73 0.72 0.68 0.71 0.80 0.79 0.60 0.58
16-17 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.79 0.69 0.72 0.71 0.76
GENDER                
Male 0.51 0.54 0.52 0.56 0.64 0.67 0.46 0.47
Female 0.64 0.63 0.62 0.63 0.65 0.66 0.54 0.56
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.46 0.44 0.47 0.50 0.50 0.37 0.39
White 0.53 0.52 0.49 0.51 0.57 0.57 0.42 0.44
Black or African American 1.14 1.20 1.21 1.17 1.30 1.32 0.94 1.06
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.83 4.33 5.07 4.35 4.46 4.96 3.54 4.29
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 3.22 1.96 2.29 2.24 3.33 2.61 2.21 2.05
Two or More Races 2.85 2.94 2.71 3.02 2.85 3.22 2.22 2.44
Hispanic or Latino 1.00 1.13 1.15 1.19 1.19 1.31 0.99 1.06
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.62 0.62 0.61 0.64 0.69 0.71 0.53 0.56
Small Metro 0.71 0.82 0.71 0.74 0.76 0.81 0.60 0.69
Nonmetro 0.93 0.91 0.87 0.87 1.03 1.04 0.79 0.78
100505
Table 3.18P – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.1710   0.0006   0.7836   0.3294  
AGE                
12-13 0.3007   0.4160   0.1356   0.3140  
14-15 0.2909   0.1110   0.6559   0.2537  
16-17 0.6897   0.0006   0.0291   0.4004  
GENDER                
Male 0.6309   0.0211   0.8077   0.7202  
Female 0.1455   0.0073   0.5481   0.3197  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8354   0.0322   0.2807   0.2051  
White 0.8161   0.1289   0.2412   0.0196  
Black or African American 0.7869   0.2868   0.8910   0.4760  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.6975   0.0729   0.4131   0.6877  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.5387   0.2458   0.6945   0.4614  
Two or More Races 0.2733   0.3317   0.8284   0.7174  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0126   0.0032   0.1785   0.9162  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.5845   0.0051   0.9783   0.9883  
Small Metro 0.2492   0.0848   0.2924   0.0718  
Nonmetro 0.3830   0.4961   0.4516   0.9515  
100505
Table 3.19C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 54 47 45 50
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 45 39 46 42
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 21 11 20 23
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 69 62 63 62
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 28 14 23 25
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 67 61 62 61
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 49 44 49 48
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 49 40 42 44
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 60 54 58 57
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 35 28 29 32
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 56 50 55 55
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 42 32 34 35
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 64 57 62 62
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 29 20 23 22
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 43 38 46 46
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 54 45 45 46
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 56 49 56 54
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 41 33 33 34
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk 47 39 45 44
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 52 46 48 49
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 37 31 32 32
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 60 52 57 56
100505
Table 3.19D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 0.31 0.28 0.27 0.30
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.49 0.44 0.51 0.46
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 0.28 0.15 0.26 0.31
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.36 0.33 0.35 0.33
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 0.23 0.12 0.19 0.21
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.47 0.44 0.45 0.43
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 0.38 0.35 0.38 0.37
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.37 0.31 0.33 0.33
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 0.30 0.27 0.29 0.28
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.61 0.52 0.53 0.58
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 0.38 0.34 0.37 0.37
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.37 0.29 0.32 0.33
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 0.30 0.28 0.30 0.30
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.60 0.42 0.49 0.46
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 0.36 0.33 0.39 0.39
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.40 0.35 0.36 0.35
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 0.31 0.28 0.32 0.31
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.57 0.47 0.47 0.48
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk 0.28 0.24 0.28 0.27
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.53 0.48 0.51 0.50
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 0.36 0.31 0.32 0.32
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 0.38 0.33 0.38 0.36
100505
Table 3.20C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 65 60 62 62
Cocaine 41 35 37 40
Crack 39 33 35 37
Heroin 28 23 26 27
LSD 32 30 31 34
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 28 16 21 23
Cocaine 56 47 52 50
Crack 60 52 56 54
Heroin 65 56 59 58
LSD 60 49 57 55
100505
Table 3.20D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.46
Cocaine 0.74 0.66 0.69 0.73
Crack 0.68 0.59 0.62 0.65
Heroin 0.86 0.73 0.82 0.81
LSD 0.94 0.87 0.92 0.95
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 0.23 0.14 0.17 0.19
Cocaine 0.28 0.24 0.27 0.26
Crack 0.30 0.26 0.29 0.28
Heroin 0.29 0.25 0.27 0.27
LSD 0.28 0.24 0.27 0.26
100505
Table 3.21C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
63 32 55 28 55 35 59 30
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 59 41 48 39 55 35 56 35
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
60 39 49 37 56 33 57 31
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
62 34 52 30 56 33 55 34
100505
Table 3.21D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
0.26 1.47 0.23 1.35 0.24 1.47 0.25 1.38
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.25 1.39 0.21 1.35 0.24 1.24 0.24 1.25
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
0.24 1.71 0.21 1.67 0.24 1.55 0.24 1.48
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
0.26 1.22 0.22 1.12 0.25 1.21 0.24 1.20
100505
Table 3.22C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
63 33 53 30 54 37 58 32
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 50 53 36 50 45 48 49 45
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
49 53 35 50 45 46 50 45
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
59 39 48 37 52 40 52 39
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
63 35 52 31 53 37 57 31
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 48 52 35 49 42 49 47 45
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
46 54 33 51 41 50 46 45
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
57 41 48 38 52 43 53 40
100505
Table 3.22D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
0.27 0.98 0.24 0.91 0.25 1.05 0.25 0.93
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.24 0.98 0.18 0.95 0.22 0.91 0.24 0.87
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
0.23 1.06 0.17 1.03 0.22 0.96 0.24 0.93
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
0.27 0.98 0.22 0.93 0.25 0.99 0.24 0.96
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
     Cigarettes Per Day
0.26 1.27 0.22 1.15 0.23 1.24 0.24 1.16
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 0.23 0.94 0.17 0.90 0.21 0.91 0.23 0.86
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
     Month or More
0.22 0.98 0.16 0.94 0.20 0.92 0.22 0.85
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
     Beverage Nearly Every Day
0.25 1.10 0.22 1.05 0.24 1.12 0.24 1.11
100505
Table 3.23C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
     Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
26 67 21 58 25 61 23 63
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 24 67 19 57 22 61 20 63
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
     Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
22 70 18 60 20 64 21 64
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
     Prevention Program Outside of School
23 68 19 59 20 63 21 63
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
     Drug or Alcohol Use
19 70 17 59 20 64 18 65
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
     Message from Sources Outside School
60 38 51 32 58 32 58 31
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
     Alcohol, or Drug Use
55 46 48 38 49 43 51 44
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 47 57 40 47 41 52 40 53
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 40 59 36 49 38 53 36 55
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
     Hurt Them
32 64 29 54 27 59 26 61
Carried a Handgun 20 69 19 58 18 65 19 64
Sold Illegal Drugs 32 64 31 50 29 57 26 60
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More
     Than $50
27 67 27 55 26 61 23 62
100505
Table 3.23D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
     Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
0.50 0.31 0.41 0.28 0.49 0.30 0.45 0.30
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 0.65 0.29 0.54 0.25 0.63 0.27 0.58 0.28
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
     Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
0.76 0.29 0.63 0.25 0.68 0.28 0.72 0.27
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
     Prevention Program Outside of School
0.75 0.28 0.63 0.25 0.68 0.28 0.67 0.27
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
     Drug or Alcohol Use
1.71 0.27 1.61 0.23 1.77 0.26 1.66 0.25
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
     Message from Sources Outside School
0.30 0.61 0.26 0.54 0.30 0.54 0.29 0.53
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
     Alcohol, or Drug Use
0.36 0.42 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.39 0.34 0.40
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 0.80 0.27 0.70 0.23 0.69 0.26 0.69 0.25
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 0.98 0.26 0.91 0.23 0.93 0.25 0.90 0.25
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
     Hurt Them
1.50 0.26 1.44 0.22 1.30 0.25 1.29 0.25
Carried a Handgun 2.24 0.26 2.10 0.23 2.06 0.26 2.15 0.25
Sold Illegal Drugs 2.17 0.25 2.35 0.20 2.35 0.23 2.40 0.24
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More
     Than $50
1.93 0.26 2.00 0.22 1.98 0.25 1.80 0.25
100505
Table 3.24C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
     Years
39 60 32 52 36 55 34 57
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
     More Times in the Past Year
38 59 32 50 38 52 35 56
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
     Drugs in the Past Month
50 52 47 39 47 47 47 48
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
     Problems4
71 17 60 16 65 16 65 16
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
     in the Past Year5
28 66 23 57 26 60 26 62
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
     Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
     of His or Her Life
52 44 44 40 49 42 51 41
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
     Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
     in Life
48 51 40 46 42 49 45 48
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
     Important for Friends to Share Religious
     Beliefs
30 63 22 57 30 57 30 57
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
     Chores around the House
68 26 58 22 62 24 61 24
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
     of Time Youth Watched TV
36 59 30 52 34 56 33 56
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Had Done a Good Job
64 33 54 28 57 32 57 32
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
     Done
61 36 50 32 57 33 57 33
100505
Table 3.24D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
     Years
0.60 0.30 0.50 0.27 0.57 0.29 0.54 0.30
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
     More Times in the Past Year
0.62 0.29 0.54 0.26 0.63 0.27 0.60 0.28
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
     Drugs in the Past Month
1.12 0.23 1.09 0.18 1.09 0.22 1.13 0.22
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
     Problems4
0.28 1.74 0.24 1.61 0.27 1.63 0.26 1.62
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
     in the Past Year5
0.35 0.36 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.34 0.34
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
     Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
     of His or Her Life
0.27 0.65 0.24 0.59 0.26 0.64 0.27 0.60
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
     Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
     in Life
0.28 0.56 0.24 0.52 0.26 0.55 0.27 0.54
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
     Important for Friends to Share Religious
     Beliefs
0.36 0.36 0.27 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.36 0.32
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
     Chores around the House
0.29 0.80 0.25 0.68 0.27 0.74 0.27 0.71
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
     of Time Youth Watched TV
0.35 0.36 0.30 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.35
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Had Done a Good Job
0.28 0.84 0.24 0.74 0.26 0.84 0.26 0.81
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
     Done
0.27 0.91 0.23 0.81 0.26 0.85 0.25 0.84
100505
Table 3.25C – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2009
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 32 59 28 50 34 53 28 56
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
     Seen or Heard in School6
57 37 49 32 53 35 53 34
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
     School7
58 39 50 34 50 38 54 37
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
     "D" or Lower8
26 62 22 54 22 59 21 60
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
59 33 51 28 55 31 57 29
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
     Youth Did Homework
55 39 47 34 53 34 52 38
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
     Homework
53 39 46 34 53 36 53 35
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
     Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
54 40 46 36 52 37 52 39
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Smoke Cigarettes
46 51 43 41 48 41 44 46
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
     Marijuana or Hashish
52 44 49 34 47 42 47 43
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Drink Alcoholic Beverages
56 37 50 30 54 35 56 30
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
     Drunk at Least Once a Week
40 55 37 47 38 50 42 46
100505
Table 3.25D – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2009
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average" "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average" "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average" "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average" and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2009.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 0.93 0.27 0.82 0.23 0.98 0.26 0.81 0.26
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
     Seen or Heard in School6
0.31 0.57 0.28 0.51 0.30 0.57 0.29 0.55
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
     School7
0.28 0.82 0.25 0.74 0.25 0.82 0.27 0.79
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
     "D" or Lower8
1.81 0.27 1.59 0.24 1.64 0.26 1.55 0.26
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
     He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
0.30 0.67 0.26 0.59 0.29 0.65 0.29 0.60
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
     Youth Did Homework
0.28 0.74 0.25 0.67 0.28 0.67 0.27 0.72
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
     Homework
0.27 0.76 0.24 0.67 0.28 0.73 0.28 0.68
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
     Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
0.31 0.54 0.27 0.50 0.31 0.52 0.30 0.54
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Smoke Cigarettes
0.69 0.29 0.66 0.24 0.72 0.25 0.66 0.27
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
     Marijuana or Hashish
0.79 0.25 0.75 0.20 0.73 0.25 0.73 0.25
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
     Drink Alcoholic Beverages
0.51 0.28 0.47 0.23 0.50 0.28 0.50 0.23
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
     Drunk at Least Once a Week
0.93 0.28 0.88 0.25 0.88 0.27 0.95 0.25

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