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100505
Table 5.1A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Illicit Drug Dependence or
Abuse Status1
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or
Abuse
Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 249,815 251,816 231,484b 233,159 18,331 18,657 8,755 8,898 9,577 9,759
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 242,825b 244,714 227,584b 229,286 15,241 15,428 7,037 7,039 8,204 8,390
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 6,990 7,101 3,900 3,873 3,090 3,229 1,717 1,859 1,373 1,369
Dependence 4,866 4,877 2,774 2,707 2,092 2,170 1,323 1,363 769 808
Abuse 2,124 2,224 1,126 1,166 998 1,058 394 496 604 562
100505
Table 5.1B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Illicit Drug Dependence or
Abuse Status1
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or
Abuse
Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 92.7 92.6 7.3 7.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.9
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 97.2 97.2 91.1 91.1 6.1 6.1 2.8 2.8 3.3 3.3
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 2.8 2.8 1.6 1.5 1.2 1.3 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Dependence 1.9 1.9 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.3
Abuse 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
100505
Table 5.2A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 6,990 7,101 1,149 1,058 2,563 2,572 3,277 3,472
Marijuana and Hashish 4,199 4,299 840 830 1,841 1,852 1,518 1,618
Cocaine 1,411a 1,120 82a 45 387 304 942 771
Heroin 282 399 16 18 97 101 168 280
Hallucinogens 358 371 95 109 195 185 68 77
Inhalants 175 164 97 92 26 54 52 17
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,176 2,284 335a 267 722 725 1,119 1,292
Pain Relievers 1,716 1,854 252 217 570 554 893 1,083
Tranquilizers 451 481 73 53 135 156 243 271
Stimulants2 351 371 67 61 116 145 168 166
Sedatives 126 147 22 19 33 38 71 91
ALCOHOL 18,331 18,657 1,212 1,130 5,670 5,381 11,449 12,147
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,090 3,229 464 454 1,388 1,253 1,238 1,522
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,231 22,530 1,897 1,733 6,845 6,700 13,489 14,097
100505
Table 5.2B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.8 2.8 4.6 4.3 7.8 7.7 1.7 1.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.7 1.7 3.4 3.4 5.6 5.5 0.8 0.8
Cocaine 0.6a 0.4 0.3a 0.2 1.2a 0.9 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.9 1.3a 1.1 2.2 2.2 0.6 0.7
Pain Relievers 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.7 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 7.3 7.4 4.9 4.6 17.2a 16.0 6.0 6.3
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.2 1.3 1.9 1.8 4.2 3.7 0.6 0.8
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 8.9 8.9 7.6 7.0 20.8 20.0 7.0 7.3
100505
Table 5.3A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6,990 7,101 18,331 18,657 22,231 22,530
12 29 25 24 14 49 34
13 42 50 44 41 70 69
14 128 121 126 103 204 192
15 237 206 236 255 379 368
16 317 300 352 289 539a 451
17 396 355 431 427 658 619
18 455 427 717 603 908 864
19 474 404 742 721 953 922
20 357 379 689 671 860 842
21 257a 347 701 751 825 921
22 315 280 752 767 902 902
23 264 266 809 697 927 817
24 233 252 625 633 730 769
25 209 216 635 537 740 662
26-29 888 753 2,329 2,207 2,842 2,586
30-34 614 680 1,774 1,978 2,158 2,340
35-39 464 498 1,522 1,482 1,763 1,793
40-44 501 443 1,476 1,512 1,796 1,744
45-49 459 364 1,625 1,630 1,939 1,847
50-54 216 314 1,166 1,086 1,317 1,288
55-59 57b 262 798a 1,242 839a 1,373
60-64 22 111 400 393 419 474
65 or Older 57 47 359 617 416 652
100505
Table 5.3B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.3 7.4 8.9 8.9
12 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.3 0.9
13 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.8
14 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.5 5.0 4.6
15 5.4 4.7 5.4 5.8 8.7 8.4
16 7.3 7.1 8.1 6.9 12.4 10.7
17 9.2 8.2 10.0 9.8 15.2 14.2
18 9.3 8.6 14.6a 12.2 18.5 17.4
19 10.9a 8.8 17.0 15.8 21.9 20.2
20 9.0 9.2 17.4 16.3 21.7 20.4
21 6.4a 8.4 17.6 18.1 20.7 22.2
22 7.8 6.9 18.6 19.0 22.4 22.4
23 6.5 6.6 19.8 17.4 22.7 20.4
24 6.1 6.1 16.2 15.4 19.0 18.7
25 5.5 6.0 16.8 14.8 19.6 18.3
26-29 5.2 4.5 13.6 13.1 16.6 15.4
30-34 3.3 3.5 9.6 10.2 11.6 12.1
35-39 2.3 2.5 7.5 7.5 8.7 9.0
40-44 2.3 2.1 6.9 7.3 8.4 8.4
45-49 2.0 1.6 7.2 7.3 8.6 8.2
50-54 1.0 1.4 5.3 4.9 6.0 5.8
55-59 0.3b 1.4 4.5 6.7 4.7a 7.4
60-64 0.1 0.7 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.1
65 or Older 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.6 1.1 1.7
100505
Table 5.4A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6,990 7,101 18,331 18,657 22,231 22,530
AGE            
12-17 1,149 1,058 1,212 1,130 1,897 1,733
18-25 2,563 2,572 5,670 5,381 6,845 6,700
26 or Older 3,277 3,472 11,449 12,147 13,489 14,097
GENDER            
Male 4,105a 4,679 11,729 12,143 13,953 14,608
Female 2,885b 2,422 6,603 6,514 8,278 7,922
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,964 6,021 15,510 15,580 18,894 18,914
White 4,639 4,676 12,767 12,674 15,301 15,264
Black or African American 1,049 991 1,956 2,108 2,615 2,639
American Indian or Alaska Native 51 74 91a 162 121a 190
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 18 15 * 36 * 43
Asian 98 130 378 282 450 389
Two or More Races 109 135 216 318 295 390
Hispanic or Latino 1,026 1,080 2,822 3,076 3,337 3,616
100505
Table 5.4B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.3 7.4 8.9 8.9
AGE            
12-17 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.6 7.6 7.0
18-25 7.8 7.7 17.2a 16.0 20.8 20.0
26 or Older 1.7 1.8 6.0 6.3 7.0 7.3
GENDER            
Male 3.4a 3.8 9.7 9.9 11.5 11.9
Female 2.2b 1.9 5.1 5.0 6.4 6.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.8 2.8 7.2 7.2 8.8 8.8
White 2.7 2.8 7.5 7.5 9.0 9.0
Black or African American 3.6 3.3 6.6 7.0 8.8 8.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.7 6.0 8.4 13.3 11.1 15.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.9 1.8 * 4.5 * 5.3
Asian 0.9 1.2 3.5 2.6 4.2 3.5
Two or More Races 3.6 4.6 7.2 10.8 9.8 13.2
Hispanic or Latino 2.9 3.0 8.0 8.6 9.5 10.1
100505
Table 5.5A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,149 1,058 1,212 1,130 1,897 1,733
GENDER            
Male 555 545 556 511 895 846
Female 594 513 656 618 1,002 887
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 920a 805 966a 832 1,523b 1,293
White 721a 616 825a 699 1,244b 1,029
Black or African American 136 124 76 76 174 163
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 16 15 8 22 18
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 18 21 15 18 30 37
Two or More Races 27 25 33 29 46 41
Hispanic or Latino 229 252 246 298 374 441
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 335 298 363 313 569 490
Female, White, Not Hispanic 386 318 462 387 674b 539
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 84 66 40 34 102 83
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 51 57 36 42 72 80
Male, Hispanic 118 152 128 140 189 226
Female, Hispanic 111 100 118 157 185 214
100505
Table 5.5B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.6 7.6 7.0
GENDER            
Male 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.1 7.0 6.7
Female 4.9 4.3 5.4 5.1 8.2 7.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.6 4.1 4.8a 4.2 7.6b 6.5
White 4.9 4.3 5.6a 4.9 8.5b 7.2
Black or African American 3.6 3.3 2.0 2.0 4.6 4.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 8.4 12.2 10.9 6.0 16.0 13.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.8 2.2 1.5 1.8 3.1 3.8
Two or More Races 5.4 4.8 6.6 5.5 9.2 7.8
Hispanic or Latino 4.8 5.2 5.2 6.2 7.9 9.2
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 4.4 4.0 4.8 4.2 7.6 6.7
Female, White, Not Hispanic 5.4 4.5 6.5 5.5 9.4b 7.7
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 4.4 3.6 2.1 1.8 5.3 4.5
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 2.7 3.1 1.9 2.3 3.8 4.3
Male, Hispanic 4.9 6.2 5.3 5.7 7.8 9.2
Female, Hispanic 4.8 4.3 5.1 6.7 8.0 9.1
100505
Table 5.6A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,563 2,572 5,670 5,381 6,845 6,700
GENDER            
Male 1,505 1,668 3,444 3,355 4,114 4,189
Female 1,058a 903 2,226a 2,026 2,731a 2,511
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,139 2,152 4,794a 4,482 5,793 5,587
White 1,700 1,670 3,946 3,711 4,731 4,551
Black or African American 330 350 539 481 690 691
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 29 32 53 46 58
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 34 45 173 134 192 160
Two or More Races 38 47 72 84 100 105
Hispanic or Latino 424 419 876 898 1,052 1,112
EDUCATION            
< High School 648 657 933 936 1,216 1,266
High School Graduate 972 956 1,825 1,684 2,283 2,205
Some College 744 776 1,982 1,887 2,324 2,265
College Graduate 199 182 929 875 1,022 963
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1,058b 806 2,736b 2,154 3,216b 2,555
Part-Time 682 711 1,481 1,547 1,813 1,876
Unemployed 381b 546 609a 740 754b 1,037
Other2 442 508 844 940 1,062a 1,231
100505
Table 5.6B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.8 7.7 17.2a 16.0 20.8 20.0
GENDER            
Male 9.1 9.9 20.8 19.9 24.8 24.8
Female 6.5a 5.4 13.6a 12.1 16.7a 15.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.9 7.8 17.7a 16.3 21.3 20.4
White 8.4 8.2 19.4 18.2 23.3 22.3
Black or African American 7.1 7.3 11.6 10.0 14.8 14.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 15.4 12.6 18.5 23.2 26.8 25.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.3 3.0 11.6 8.9 12.9 10.5
Two or More Races 9.3 10.9 17.5 19.6 24.3 24.4
Hispanic or Latino 7.3 6.8 15.1 14.7 18.1 18.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 11.0 10.8 15.9 15.4 20.7 20.8
High School Graduate 8.4 8.1 15.7 14.3 19.6 18.8
Some College 6.9 7.0 18.3 17.1 21.4 20.5
College Graduate 4.3 3.9 20.3 18.5 22.3 20.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 7.1 6.5 18.3 17.4 21.5 20.7
Part-Time 8.0 7.6 17.3 16.5 21.2 20.0
Unemployed 12.5 12.0 19.9b 16.2 24.7 22.8
Other2 7.0 7.0 13.3 12.9 16.7 16.9
100505
Table 5.7A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,277 3,472 11,449 12,147 13,489 14,097
GENDER            
Male 2,045 2,466 7,729 8,277 8,943 9,574
Female 1,233 1,006 3,720 3,870 4,545 4,523
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,905 3,064 9,749 10,266 11,577 12,034
White 2,218 2,390 7,995 8,264 9,326 9,684
Black or African American 584 517 1,341 1,551 1,752 1,784
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 29 44a 101 53a 114
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 46 64 190 129 228 191
Two or More Races 43 63 110 205 149 244
Hispanic or Latino 373 408 1,700 1,880 1,911 2,063
EDUCATION            
< High School 653 927 1,641b 2,315 2,117a 2,752
High School Graduate 1,186 1,153 3,623 3,356 4,317 4,000
Some College 894 793 3,166 2,952 3,709 3,463
College Graduate 544 598 3,020 3,522 3,346 3,882
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1,854 1,609 8,199 7,540 9,284 8,457
Part-Time 357 500 1,316 1,391 1,501 1,675
Unemployed 389 469 705b 1,175 952b 1,406
Other2 677 894 1,229b 2,040 1,753b 2,559
100505
Table 5.7B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1.7 1.8 6.0 6.3 7.0 7.3
GENDER            
Male 2.2 2.7 8.4 8.9 9.7 10.3
Female 1.2 1.0 3.7 3.8 4.5 4.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.7 1.8 5.8 6.1 6.9 7.1
White 1.7 1.8 5.9 6.1 6.9 7.2
Black or African American 2.8 2.4 6.3 7.2 8.3 8.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.7 3.4 5.7 11.7 6.8a 13.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 0.6 0.8 2.3 1.5 2.7 2.2
Two or More Races 2.1 3.2 5.3a 10.3 7.1 12.2
Hispanic or Latino 1.5 1.6 6.9 7.5 7.8 8.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 2.2a 3.2 5.6b 8.1 7.3b 9.6
High School Graduate 2.0 2.0 6.2 5.8 7.4 6.9
Some College 1.9 1.7 6.8 6.3 8.0 7.4
College Graduate 0.9 1.0 5.2 5.9 5.8 6.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1.7 1.6 7.6 7.4 8.7 8.3
Part-Time 1.6 2.2 6.1 6.2 6.9 7.5
Unemployed 6.6 4.6 11.9 11.5 16.1 13.8
Other2 1.2 1.5 2.2b 3.5 3.1b 4.4
100505
Table 5.8A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,841 6,044 17,119 17,527 20,334 20,796
GENDER            
Male 3,550a 4,135 11,173 11,632 13,057 13,762
Female 2,291a 1,909 5,947 5,896 7,276 7,034
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,044 5,216 14,544 14,749 17,371 17,621
White 3,918 4,060 11,941 11,975 14,057 14,235
Black or African American 914 867 1,880 2,032 2,442 2,475
American Indian or Alaska Native 40 58 76a 155 99a 172
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 11 12 * 34 * 39
Asian 80 109 363 264 420 351
Two or More Races 81 110 182 289 249 349
Hispanic or Latino 797 828 2,576 2,779 2,963 3,175
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,301 1,583 2,574b 3,251 3,332b 4,017
High School Graduate 2,159 2,110 5,448 5,040 6,600 6,205
Some College 1,638 1,570 5,149 4,839 6,033 5,728
College Graduate 743 781 3,949 4,397 4,368 4,846
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2,913a 2,416 10,935b 9,694 12,500b 11,012
Part-Time 1,038 1,211 2,797 2,938 3,314 3,551
Unemployed 770a 1,015 1,315b 1,915 1,706b 2,443
Other2 1,119 1,402 2,073b 2,981 2,814b 3,790
100505
Table 5.8B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.6 2.7 7.6 7.7 9.0 9.2
GENDER            
Male 3.3a 3.8 10.3 10.6 12.0 12.5
Female 2.0a 1.6 5.1 5.0 6.3 6.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.7 7.5 7.5 8.9 9.0
White 2.5 2.6 7.7 7.7 9.1 9.2
Black or African American 3.5 3.3 7.3 7.7 9.5 9.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.2 5.3 8.1a 14.1 10.4 15.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.3 1.6 * 4.7 * 5.3
Asian 0.8 1.1 3.7 2.6 4.3 3.5
Two or More Races 3.2 4.5 7.3a 11.9 9.9 14.4
Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.7 8.5 8.9 9.8 10.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 3.7a 4.6 7.3b 9.4 9.5b 11.6
High School Graduate 3.1 3.0 7.8 7.2 9.4 8.9
Some College 2.9 2.7 9.0 8.4 10.5 9.9
College Graduate 1.2 1.2 6.3 6.8 7.0 7.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2.4 2.1 8.9 8.4 10.2 9.6
Part-Time 3.4 3.8 9.3 9.2 11.0 11.2
Unemployed 8.6 6.9 14.6 13.0 19.0 16.6
Other2 1.8 2.1 3.3b 4.5 4.4b 5.7
120405
Table 5.9A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7,012 7,114 18,478 18,763 22,388 22,634
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,401 1,473 3,407 3,324 4,219 4,194
New England 393 491 855 1,004 1,093 1,323
Middle Atlantic 1,008 982 2,552 2,320 3,126 2,870
Midwest 1,420 1,366 4,369 4,298 5,141 5,013
East North Central 1,070 1,084 2,791 2,942 3,390 3,514
West North Central 351 282 1,577 1,356 1,751 1,499
South 2,461 2,469 6,016 6,560 7,465 7,883
South Atlantic 1,278 1,297 3,359 3,631 4,074 4,312
East South Central 394 361 764 938 1,026 1,127
West South Central 789 811 1,892 1,991 2,364 2,444
West 1,729 1,805 4,687 4,581 5,563 5,544
Mountain 562 558 1,491 1,312 1,748 1,594
Pacific 1,167 1,247 3,196 3,268 3,815 3,950
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,911 3,858 10,301 9,860 12,494 12,058
Small Metro 2,151 2,329 5,441 5,877 6,596 7,024
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,435 1,564 3,569 3,941 4,326 4,710
< 250K Pop. 716 766 1,872 1,935 2,270 2,314
Nonmetro 950 926 2,736 3,027 3,298 3,552
Urbanized 415 433 1,252 1,467 1,472 1,692
Less Urbanized 458 433 1,207 1,331 1,501 1,609
Completely Rural 77 61 276 229 324 251
120405
Table 5.9B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.4 7.5 9.0 9.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 3.0 3.2 7.4 7.2 9.2 9.0
New England 3.3 4.0 7.1 8.2 9.1 10.9
Middle Atlantic 3.0 2.9 7.5 6.8 9.2 8.4
Midwest 2.6 2.5 7.9 7.8 9.4 9.1
East North Central 2.8 2.8 7.3 7.6 8.8 9.1
West North Central 2.1 1.7 9.5 8.1 10.6 9.0
South 2.7 2.7 6.6 7.1 8.2 8.6
South Atlantic 2.7 2.7 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9
East South Central 2.6 2.4 5.1 6.3 6.9 7.5
West South Central 2.8 2.8 6.7 7.0 8.4 8.6
West 3.0 3.1 8.1 7.9 9.6 9.5
Mountain 3.2 3.1 8.5 7.4 9.9 8.9
Pacific 2.9 3.1 7.9 8.1 9.5 9.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.9 2.9 7.7 7.4 9.4 9.0
Small Metro 2.9 3.0 7.2 7.7 8.7 9.2
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.9 3.1 7.1 7.8 8.7 9.3
< 250K Pop. 2.8 2.9 7.3 7.4 8.9 8.9
Nonmetro 2.3 2.2 6.6 7.3 8.0 8.6
Urbanized 2.4 2.4 7.3 8.1 8.6 9.4
Less Urbanized 2.3 2.3 6.0 7.0 7.5 8.5
Completely Rural 1.9 1.5 6.9 5.5 8.1 6.0
120405
Table 5.10A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,155 1,058 1,220 1,136 1,908a 1,738
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 171 184 202 207 311 307
New England 43 53 59 57 82 81
Middle Atlantic 128 130 143 150 229 225
Midwest 280 241 306 287 442 420
East North Central 200 185 196 196 304 301
West North Central 80 56 110 92 138 119
South 358 341 356 352 592 545
South Atlantic 190 154 191a 139 311a 235
East South Central 44 53 42 63 75 91
West South Central 124 135 123 151 206 219
West 345 292 355 290 563a 466
Mountain 108 102 115 89 180 157
Pacific 238 190 240 201 383 309
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 574 532 603 570 972 874
Small Metro 397 364 382 360 610 569
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 273 253 254 232 408 387
< 250K Pop. 124 111 128 128 202 182
Nonmetro 184 162 235 206 326 295
Urbanized 86 86 107 94 151 147
Less Urbanized 91 63 103 89 149 121
Completely Rural 7 14 25 22 27 28
120405
Table 5.10B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.6 7.7 7.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.8 7.1 7.1
New England 3.8 4.8 5.2 5.2 7.2 7.3
Middle Atlantic 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.7 7.1 7.1
Midwest 5.1 4.5 5.6 5.3 8.0 7.8
East North Central 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.2 7.9 7.9
West North Central 4.9 3.5 6.7 5.7 8.4 7.4
South 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9 6.5 6.1
South Atlantic 4.1 3.4 4.2a 3.1 6.8a 5.2
East South Central 3.0 3.6 2.9 4.3 5.1 6.2
West South Central 4.1 4.5 4.1 5.0 6.9 7.3
West 5.8 5.0 6.0 4.9 9.5 7.9
Mountain 6.0 5.7 6.4 4.9 10.0 8.7
Pacific 5.7 4.7 5.8 4.9 9.2 7.6
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.3 4.1 4.5 4.4 7.3 6.7
Small Metro 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.7 8.2 7.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.6 4.9 5.2 4.5 8.3 7.6
< 250K Pop. 4.9 4.3 5.1 5.0 8.0 7.1
Nonmetro 4.4 4.2 5.6 5.3 7.8 7.6
Urbanized 4.8 5.0 6.0 5.5 8.4 8.5
Less Urbanized 4.5 3.5 5.1 5.0 7.4 6.7
Completely Rural 1.9 3.5 6.5 5.8 7.1 7.1
120405
Table 5.11A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,591 2,596 5,726 5,422 6,912 6,753
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 550 560 1,108 1,064 1,376 1,359
New England 151 162 284 336 363 417
Middle Atlantic 399 398 824 728 1,013 942
Midwest 508 512 1,401a 1,259 1,647a 1,488
East North Central 367 395 906 875 1,086 1,060
West North Central 141 117 496b 384 561b 427
South 891 871 1,774 1,825 2,183 2,290
South Atlantic 455 444 950 970 1,152 1,182
East South Central 159 122 233 259 323 326
West South Central 277 304 590 596 708 782
West 641 653 1,442 1,274 1,706 1,616
Mountain 205 191 466 415 539 511
Pacific 436 462 977 859 1,167 1,105
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1,390 1,426 3,096a 2,776 3,730 3,560
Small Metro 855 811 1,791 1,778 2,176 2,158
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 554 533 1,135 1,138 1,392 1,388
< 250K Pop. 301 278 656 640 783 769
Nonmetro 346 360 839 868 1,007 1,035
Urbanized 162 178 416 427 484 504
Less Urbanized 155 151 361 381 445 459
Completely Rural 29 31 62 60 78 71
120405
Table 5.11B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.9 7.7 17.4a 16.1 21.0 20.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 9.2 9.2 18.5 17.4 23.0 22.2
New England 9.7 10.2 18.3 21.0 23.3 26.1
Middle Atlantic 9.0 8.8 18.6 16.1 22.9 20.8
Midwest 7.0 7.0 19.3a 17.2 22.6b 20.3
East North Central 7.3 7.8 18.0 17.2 21.6 20.9
West North Central 6.3 5.2 22.1b 17.0 25.0b 18.9
South 7.6 7.2 15.1 15.2 18.6 19.0
South Atlantic 7.6 7.3 15.9 15.9 19.3 19.3
East South Central 8.5 6.4 12.5 13.6 17.2 17.1
West South Central 7.1 7.6 15.0 14.9 18.0 19.5
West 8.1 8.1 18.2a 15.7 21.6 20.0
Mountain 8.6 7.9 19.6 17.1 22.8 21.1
Pacific 7.9 8.1 17.6 15.1 21.1 19.5
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 7.8 8.0 17.3b 15.6 20.9 19.9
Small Metro 8.5 7.7 17.7 16.9 21.5 20.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 8.5 8.0 17.3 17.0 21.3 20.8
< 250K Pop. 8.5 7.3 18.4 16.8 22.0 20.2
Nonmetro 6.9 6.9 16.8 16.6 20.2 19.8
Urbanized 7.1 7.1 18.2 17.0 21.2 20.1
Less Urbanized 6.6 6.3 15.3 15.8 18.9 19.1
Completely Rural 8.2 9.5 17.5 18.6 21.9 22.0
120405
Table 5.12A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,266 3,460 11,532 12,204 13,568 14,142
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 680 729 2,096 2,053 2,532 2,528
New England 199 276 511 611 649 825
Middle Atlantic 480 454 1,585 1,442 1,883 1,703
Midwest 631 613 2,661 2,751 3,052 3,105
East North Central 502 505 1,690 1,872 2,001 2,153
West North Central 129 108 972 880 1,051 952
South 1,212 1,257 3,886 4,383 4,690 5,048
South Atlantic 634 699 2,218 2,522 2,612 2,895
East South Central 191 186 489 617 628 710
West South Central 387 373 1,179 1,244 1,450 1,442
West 743 860 2,889 3,016 3,295 3,462
Mountain 250 265 910 808 1,029 926
Pacific 493 595 1,979 2,208 2,266 2,536
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1,947 1,900 6,603 6,513 7,792 7,624
Small Metro 900 1,155 3,268 3,739 3,811 4,297
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 608 778 2,181 2,571 2,525 2,934
< 250K Pop. 292 377 1,087 1,167 1,286 1,363
Nonmetro 420 405 1,661 1,952 1,966 2,222
Urbanized 167 169 729 946 838 1,041
Less Urbanized 212 219 743 861 908 1,029
Completely Rural 41 16 190 146 220 152
120405
Table 5.12B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1.7 1.8 6.0 6.3 7.1 7.3
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1.9 2.0 5.9 5.7 7.1 7.0
New England 2.1 2.9 5.5 6.5 6.9 8.7
Middle Atlantic 1.8 1.7 6.0 5.4 7.1 6.4
Midwest 1.5 1.4 6.3 6.5 7.2 7.3
East North Central 1.7 1.7 5.7 6.3 6.8 7.3
West North Central 1.0 0.8 7.7 6.9 8.3 7.4
South 1.7 1.8 5.5 6.2 6.7 7.1
South Atlantic 1.7 1.8 5.9 6.7 7.0 7.6
East South Central 1.7 1.6 4.2 5.3 5.5 6.1
West South Central 1.8 1.7 5.6 5.8 6.9 6.7
West 1.7 1.9 6.6 6.8 7.5 7.8
Mountain 1.9 2.0 6.8 5.9 7.7 6.8
Pacific 1.6 1.9 6.5 7.2 7.4 8.3
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1.9 1.8 6.5 6.3 7.6 7.4
Small Metro 1.6 2.0 5.6 6.4 6.6 7.3
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.6 2.0 5.7 6.6 6.5 7.6
< 250K Pop. 1.5 1.9 5.6 5.9 6.6 6.9
Nonmetro 1.3 1.3 5.2 6.1 6.1 6.9
Urbanized 1.3 1.2 5.6 6.8 6.4 7.5
Less Urbanized 1.4 1.5 4.7 5.8 5.8 6.9
Completely Rural 1.2 0.5 5.8 4.2 6.7 4.4
120405
Table 5.13A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,857 6,056 17,258 17,626 20,480 20,895
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,230 1,290 3,204 3,117 3,908 3,887
New England 350 438 796 947 1,011a 1,242
Middle Atlantic 880 852 2,409 2,171 2,897 2,645
Midwest 1,140 1,125 4,063 4,011 4,699 4,592
East North Central 869 899 2,595 2,747 3,087 3,213
West North Central 270 226 1,467 1,264 1,612 1,380
South 2,103 2,128 5,660 6,208 6,873 7,338
South Atlantic 1,088 1,143 3,168 3,492 3,763 4,077
East South Central 350 308 722 875 951 1,037
West South Central 665 677 1,769 1,840 2,158 2,225
West 1,384 1,513 4,331 4,290 5,000 5,078
Mountain 455 456 1,375 1,223 1,568 1,437
Pacific 930 1,057 2,956 3,067 3,432 3,641
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,337 3,327 9,698 9,289 11,522 11,184
Small Metro 1,755 1,965 5,059 5,516 5,986 6,455
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,162 1,310 3,316 3,709 3,918 4,323
< 250K Pop. 592 655 1,743 1,807 2,069 2,132
Nonmetro 766 764 2,501 2,821 2,972 3,257
Urbanized 329 347 1,145 1,373 1,322 1,545
Less Urbanized 367 370 1,104 1,242 1,352 1,488
Completely Rural 70 47 252 206 298 223
120405
Table 5.13B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.6 2.7 7.7 7.8 9.1 9.2
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 2.9 3.1 7.7 7.4 9.4 9.2
New England 3.2 4.0 7.3 8.6 9.3 11.2
Middle Atlantic 2.9 2.7 7.8 7.0 9.4 8.5
Midwest 2.3 2.3 8.2 8.1 9.5 9.2
East North Central 2.5 2.6 7.5 7.9 8.9 9.3
West North Central 1.8 1.5 9.8 8.4 10.8 9.1
South 2.6 2.6 6.9 7.5 8.4 8.8
South Atlantic 2.5 2.6 7.3 7.9 8.7 9.3
East South Central 2.6 2.3 5.4 6.5 7.1 7.7
West South Central 2.6 2.7 7.1 7.2 8.6 8.7
West 2.7 2.9 8.4 8.2 9.6 9.7
Mountain 2.9 2.8 8.7 7.6 9.9 9.0
Pacific 2.6 2.9 8.2 8.4 9.5 10.0
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.8 2.8 8.1 7.7 9.6 9.3
Small Metro 2.6 2.8 7.4 8.0 8.8 9.3
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.6 2.9 7.4 8.1 8.7 9.5
< 250K Pop. 2.6 2.8 7.6 7.7 9.0 9.1
Nonmetro 2.1 2.0 6.7 7.6 8.0 8.7
Urbanized 2.1 2.1 7.4 8.4 8.6 9.5
Less Urbanized 2.0 2.1 6.1 7.2 7.5 8.6
Completely Rural 1.9 1.2 6.9 5.4 8.2 5.9
100505
Table 5.14A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,866 4,877 639 571 1,853 1,806 2,374 2,500
Marijuana and Hashish 2,683 2,632 450 444 1,271 1,250 961 938
Cocaine 959 753 40 23 240a 177 679 553
Heroin 253 348 10 11 85 82 158 255
Hallucinogens 125 184 35 47 63 82 27 55
Inhalants 83 64 33 30 8 23 43 11
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,527 1,716 177 140 516 538 835 1,038
Pain Relievers 1,243 1,395 138 116 413 444 691 835
Tranquilizers 232 268 24 20 56 65 152 183
Stimulants2 236 286 37 43 93 107 105 136
Sedatives 92 115 7 7 19 27 66 81
ALCOHOL 8,755 8,898 468 477 2,377 2,214 5,909 6,207
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,323 1,363 146 140 554 511 623 712
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 12,297 12,413 961 908 3,677 3,509 7,659 7,996
100505
Table 5.14B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.9 1.9 2.6 2.3 5.6 5.4 1.2 1.3
Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.0 1.8 1.8 3.9 3.7 0.5 0.5
Cocaine 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.7a 0.5 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.5
Pain Relievers 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.3 1.3 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5 3.5 1.9 1.9 7.2 6.6 3.1 3.2
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.7 1.5 0.3 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.9 4.9 3.9 3.7 11.2 10.4 4.0 4.1
100504
Table 5.15A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,082 2,316 2,894 3,090 1,317 1,550 4,045 4,276
12 5 3 4 2 4 2 9 3
13 10 12 10 10 10 8 11 18
14 21 14 23 13 15 5 39 28
15 51 43 41 32 29 26 79 57
16 55 44 42 38 31 30 80 67
17 75 91 63 83 55 69 108 110
18 96 83 96 92 66 47 136 159
19 78 67 91 72 48 32 124 121
20 37 65 53 69 25 33 73 104
21 53 77 75 75 42 56 92 101
22 74 84 78 95 34 67 133 136
23 54a 90 88 113 38a 75 109 134
24 61 69 57 83 35 34 92 120
25 55 58 66 66 32 37 97 97
26-29 229 242 335 299 179 140 408 409
30-34 187 203 235 388 102 121 342a 529
35-39 222 247 259 321 138 160 396 419
40-44 319 250 383 400 187 212 527 467
45-49 207 183 324 380 152 163 420 412
50-54 126 220 309 175 76 97 423 338
55-59 27 102 111 120 5 73 155 197
60-64 29 61 84 106 14 61 107 144
65 or Older 11 7 65 56 * 2 87 105
100504
Table 5.15B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.7
12 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
13 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5
14 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.7
15 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.8 1.3
16 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.8 1.6
17 1.7 2.1 1.5 1.9 1.3 1.6 2.5 2.5
18 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.3 1.0 2.8 3.2
19 1.8 1.5 2.1 1.6 1.1 0.7 2.9 2.7
20 0.9 1.6 1.3 1.7 0.6 0.8 1.8 2.5
21 1.3 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.4 2.3 2.4
22 1.8 2.1 1.9 2.4 0.9 1.7 3.3 3.4
23 1.3a 2.2 2.2 2.8 0.9a 1.9 2.7 3.3
24 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.0 0.9 0.8 2.4 2.9
25 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.8 0.8 1.0 2.6 2.7
26-29 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.4 2.4
30-34 1.0 1.0 1.3 2.0 0.5 0.6 1.8 2.7
35-39 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.6 0.7 0.8 2.0 2.1
40-44 1.5 1.2 1.8 1.9 0.9 1.0 2.5 2.2
45-49 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.7 0.7 0.7 1.9 1.8
50-54 0.6 1.0 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.9 1.5
55-59 0.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.9 1.1
60-64 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.9
65 or Older 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 * 0.0 0.2 0.3
100504
Table 5.16A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,082 2,316 2,894 3,090 1,317 1,550 4,045 4,276
AGE                
12-17 217 207 184 178 144 140 326 284
18-25 507 593 605 666 320 381 855 973
26 or Older 1,357 1,516 2,106 2,246 853 1,029 2,863 3,020
GENDER                
Male 1,346 1,612 2,006 2,255 931 1,136 2,704 2,991
Female 736 704 888 835 386 413 1,340 1,286
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,857 1,961 2,583 2,585 1,172 1,263 3,569 3,651
White 1,422 1,446 2,059 2,010 866 865 2,819 2,884
Black or African American 359 412 436 481 267 355 611 589
American Indian or Alaska Native 20 18 21 38 14 11 39 48
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2 2 2 0 1 0 2 7
Asian 13 12 38 16 4 8 46 22
Two or More Races 41 71 28 40 20 24 51 101
Hispanic or Latino 225 355 311a 505 144a 287 476 625
100504
Table 5.16B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.7
AGE                
12-17 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.2
18-25 1.5 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.0 1.1 2.6 2.9
26 or Older 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.6
GENDER                
Male 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.8 0.8 0.9 2.2 2.4
Female 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3 1.0 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.6 1.7 1.7
White 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.7
Black or African American 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 0.9 1.2 2.1 2.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.9 1.4 1.9 3.1 1.3 0.9 3.6 3.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.8
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2
Two or More Races 1.4 2.4 0.9 1.4 0.7 0.8 1.7 3.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 1.0 0.9a 1.4 0.4a 0.8 1.4 1.7
100504
Table 5.17A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 217 207 184 178 144 140 326 284
GENDER                
Male 145 130 109 104 91 84 195 171
Female 72 77 74 74 53 56 131 113
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 185 152 150 126 120 101 264a 200
White 148 121 127 102 104 82 205 160
Black or African American 19 15 15 14 10 11 32 20
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 2 2 2 1 1 * 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1 3 1 0 0 0 2 5
Two or More Races 11 8 4 7 4 7 13 9
Hispanic or Latino 32 55 34 52 24 39 62 84
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 104 71 75 55 69 46 124 93
Female, White, Not Hispanic 44 50 52 47 35 37 81 67
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 16 14 12 9 7 9 27 16
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 3 2 3 4 3 2 5 4
Male, Hispanic 13a 40 18 33 12 26 24a 52
Female, Hispanic 19 15 16 19 12 13 38 31
100504
Table 5.17B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.2
GENDER                
Male 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.4
Female 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.3a 1.0
White 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.4 1.1
Black or African American 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.6 1.8 1.3 1.8 0.7 1.1 * 2.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5
Two or More Races 2.2 1.5 0.8 1.4 0.8 1.2 2.5 1.8
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.8 1.3 1.7
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.7 1.3
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.9
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.4 0.9
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
Male, Hispanic 0.5a 1.6 0.7 1.4 0.5 1.0 1.0a 2.1
Female, Hispanic 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.3
100504
Table 5.18A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 507 593 605 666 320 381 855 973
GENDER                
Male 352 399 414 479 223 278 591 672
Female 155 194 191 188 97 102 265 301
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 414 496 503 527 256 306 706 791
White 332 399 426 415 201 229 596 629
Black or African American 58 73 52 83 39 61 76 112
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 8 12 12 7 6 12 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 * * * * * 1 *
Asian 12 4 5 8 4 4 12 8
Two or More Races 5a 13 7 9 4 6 8a 23
Hispanic or Latino 93 97 102 139 64 74 150 182
EDUCATION                
< High School 183 215 172 220 132 141 249a 330
High School Graduate 195 252 228 247 108 149 345 386
Some College 106 108 151 144 61 75 198 192
College Graduate 24 19 54 56 19 15 63 65
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 206 186 266 252 125 130 383 341
Part-Time 85a 133 118 143 58 74 156a 214
Unemployed 123 158 119 161 82 108 172a 243
Other3 93 115 102 110 54 69 145 175
100504
Table 5.18B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1.5 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.0 1.1 2.6 2.9
GENDER                
Male 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.8 1.3 1.6 3.6 4.0
Female 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9 0.9 1.1 2.6 2.9
White 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.0 1.1 2.9 3.1
Black or African American 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.7 0.8 1.3 1.6 2.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.3 3.3 6.7 5.4 4.3 2.7 7.1 6.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.2 * * * * * 0.7 *
Asian 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.5
Two or More Races 1.2 3.0 1.7 2.1 1.0 1.5 2.0a 5.3
Hispanic or Latino 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.3 1.1 1.2 2.6 3.0
EDUCATION                
< High School 3.1 3.5 2.9 3.6 2.2 2.3 4.2 5.4
High School Graduate 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.1 0.9 1.3 3.0 3.3
Some College 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.8 1.7
College Graduate 0.5 0.4 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 1.4 1.5 1.8 2.0 0.8 1.1 2.6 2.8
Part-Time 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.8 2.3
Unemployed 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.5 2.7 2.4 5.6 5.3
Other3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 0.9 0.9 2.3 2.4
100504
Table 5.19A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,357 1,516 2,106 2,246 853 1,029 2,863 3,020
GENDER                
Male 848 1,083 1,483 1,672 617 774 1,918 2,148
Female 509 433 623 574 236 255 945 872
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,258 1,313 1,931 1,932 796 855 2,599 2,660
White 942 926 1,506 1,493 561 554 2,017 2,095
Black or African American 282 324 368 384 218 283 503 457
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 8 7 24 5 3 16 30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * 6 32 7 * 4 32 9
Two or More Races 25 50 17 24 12 11 31 70
Hispanic or Latino 100 203 175 314 57 174 264 359
EDUCATION                
< High School 436 461 468 556 289 332 695 715
High School Graduate 488 545 703 739 340 381 899 1,023
Some College 293 409 641 579 146 256 901 778
College Graduate 141 101 295 372 78 60 368 504
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 681 637 1,265 973 432 421 1,628 1,279
Part-Time 131 115 222 276 96 91 296 306
Unemployed 128 209 161a 317 86 92 215b 459
Other3 417 556 458 680 239 424 724 975
100504
Table 5.19B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.6
GENDER                
Male 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.8 0.7 0.8 2.1 2.3
Female 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.6 1.6
White 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.6
Black or African American 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.0 1.3 2.4 2.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.0 0.9 1.0 2.7 0.7 0.3 2.1 3.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * 0.1 0.4 0.1 * 0.0 0.4 0.1
Two or More Races 1.2 2.5 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.5 3.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.2 0.7 1.1 1.4
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.9 1.0 1.2 2.4 2.5
High School Graduate 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.5 1.8
Some College 0.6 0.9 1.4 1.2 0.3 0.5 1.9 1.7
College Graduate 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.2
Part-Time 0.6 0.5 1.0 1.2 0.4 0.4 1.4 1.4
Unemployed 2.2 2.0 2.7 3.1 1.5 0.9 3.6 4.5
Other3 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.4 0.7 1.3 1.7
100504
Table 5.20A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,864 2,109 2,711 2,912 1,173 1,410 3,719 3,992
GENDER                
Male 1,200 1,482 1,897 2,151 840 1,052 2,509 2,820
Female 664 627 814 761 333 357 1,210 1,173
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,672 1,809 2,433 2,459 1,052 1,161 3,305 3,452
White 1,274 1,325 1,932 1,908 762 783 2,613 2,725
Black or African American 340 396 421 467 257 344 579 569
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 15 19 36 13 9 28 45
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 * 1 * 0 * 1 4
Asian 12 9 37 16 4 8 44 17
Two or More Races 30 63 24 33 16 18 39 92
Hispanic or Latino 193 300 277 453 121 248 414 541
EDUCATION                
< High School 619 675 640 775 420 473 945 1,046
High School Graduate 683 797 931 986 449 531 1,243 1,409
Some College 399 517 791 723 207 331 1,100 970
College Graduate 164 120 348 428 97 75 431 568
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 887 823 1,531 1,226 557 551 2,011 1,620
Part-Time 216 248 340 419 154 165 451 520
Unemployed 251 367 280a 478 169 200 387b 702
Other3 510 671 560 789 293 493 869 1,150
100504
Table 5.20B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.7 1.8
GENDER                
Male 1.1 1.4 1.7 2.0 0.8 1.0 2.3 2.6
Female 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.3 1.0 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.7 1.8
White 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.8
Black or African American 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.3 2.2 2.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.6 1.4 2.0 3.3 1.3 0.8 3.0 4.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.0 * 0.1 * 0.0 * 0.1 0.6
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.2
Two or More Races 1.2 2.6 0.9 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.5 3.8
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 1.0 0.9 1.5 0.4 0.8 1.4 1.7
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.8 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.2 1.4 2.7 3.0
High School Graduate 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 0.6 0.8 1.8 2.0
Some College 0.7 0.9 1.4 1.3 0.4 0.6 1.9 1.7
College Graduate 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.6 1.4
Part-Time 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.6
Unemployed 2.8 2.5 3.1 3.2 1.9 1.4 4.3 4.8
Other3 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.7 1.4 1.7
120405
Table 5.21A (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2,093 2,306 2,911 3,081 1,324 1,535 4,061 4,276
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 417 525 572 523 232 303 806 795
New England 133 142 141 121 63 61 223 228
Middle Atlantic 284 383 432 401 169 241 583 566
Midwest 500a 318 687 615 312 221 984 792
East North Central 387 256 488 515 238 187 724 644
West North Central 113a 62 199b 100 74a 34 260a 148
South 662 806 782 971 449 535 1,100a 1,468
South Atlantic 369 468 463 657 254 312 642a 946
East South Central 150 118 140 119 86 77 212 201
West South Central 143 219 180 196 110 146 246 321
West 514 657 870 971 330 477 1,171 1,222
Mountain 143 201 219 294 95 125 296 390
Pacific 371 456 651 677 234 352 875 832
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,088 1,244 1,439 1,777 661 909 2,079 2,326
Small Metro 640 629 966 795 427 366 1,282 1,195
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 409 395 612 464 250 204 857 720
< 250K Pop. 231 234 354 331 177 163 425 474
Nonmetro 365 433 505 509 236 260 700 756
Urbanized 178 193 224 236 107 139 350 324
Less Urbanized 167 209 236 237 111 101 302 384
Completely Rural 20 30 45 36 17 21 48 48
120405
Table 5.21B (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.7
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.7 1.7 1.7
New England 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.8 1.9
Middle Atlantic 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.2 0.5 0.7 1.7 1.7
Midwest 0.9a 0.6 1.3 1.1 0.6 0.4 1.8 1.4
East North Central 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.5 1.9 1.7
West North Central 0.7a 0.4 1.2b 0.6 0.4a 0.2 1.6b 0.9
South 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.2a 1.6
South Atlantic 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.5 0.6 1.3a 1.9
East South Central 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.3
West South Central 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.1
West 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.7 0.6 0.8 2.0 2.1
Mountain 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.7 0.5 0.7 1.7 2.2
Pacific 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.7 0.6 0.9 2.2 2.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.7 1.6 1.7
Small Metro 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.7 1.4
< 250K Pop. 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.6 1.7 1.8
Nonmetro 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.7 1.8
Urbanized 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.8 2.0 1.8
Less Urbanized 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.5 2.0
Completely Rural 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.5 1.2 1.2
100504
Table 5.22A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Marijuana 947a 1,243 159 157 305 360 483a 726
Cocaine 663 787 23 28 141 140 499 618
Heroin 341 507 9 7 66 94 266 407
Hallucinogens 287a 443 33 35 94 124 160 284
Inhalants 184 247 17 26 58 64 108 158
Pain Relievers 601 739 44 44 168 203 390 492
Tranquilizers 326 421 21 22 75 98 230 300
Stimulants2 336 517 13 19 75 104 247 394
Sedatives 130 185 3 5 28 29 99 151
Alcohol 2,662 2,894 143 134 549 605 1,971 2,154
100504
Table 5.22B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Marijuana 23.4a 29.1 48.8 55.5 35.7 37.0 16.9a 24.1
Cocaine 16.4 18.4 7.1 10.0 16.5 14.4 17.4 20.5
Heroin 8.4 11.9 2.9 2.4 7.7 9.6 9.3 13.5
Hallucinogens 7.1 10.4 10.3 12.4 11.0 12.7 5.6 9.4
Inhalants 4.5 5.8 5.3 9.1 6.8 6.5 3.8 5.2
Pain Relievers 14.9 17.3 13.4 15.6 19.6 20.9 13.6 16.3
Tranquilizers 8.1 9.8 6.3 7.9 8.8 10.1 8.0 9.9
Stimulants2 8.3 12.1 4.1 6.7 8.8 10.7 8.6 13.1
Sedatives 3.2 4.3 0.8 1.6 3.3 3.0 3.5 5.0
Alcohol 65.8 67.7 43.9 47.2 64.1 62.2 68.8 71.3
100504
Table 5.23A – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 370 473 38 39 93 101 238 332
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 478 674 48 51 112 149 319 474
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 835a 1,097 72 69 223a 301 540 727
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 520 644 38 39 108a 163 374 442
Emergency Room 192 224 23 15 48 61 121 147
Private Doctor's Office 321 363 22 23 90 92 209 248
Self-Help Group 1,116 1,273 66 65 256 314 794 894
Prison/Jail 177 254 20 21 33 54 124 179
100504
Table 5.23B – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 17.8 20.4 17.6 18.8 18.4 17.1 17.6 21.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 23.0 29.1 22.0 24.7 22.1 25.1 23.5 31.3
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 40.1 47.4 33.1 33.4 44.0 50.8 39.8 47.9
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 25.0 27.8 17.5 18.9 21.3 27.5 27.6 29.2
Emergency Room 9.2 9.7 10.8 7.4 9.5 10.3 8.9 9.7
Private Doctor's Office 15.4 15.7 10.2 11.2 17.7 15.5 15.4 16.3
Self-Help Group 53.6 55.0 30.4 31.3 50.5 53.0 58.5 58.9
Prison/Jail 8.5 11.0 9.0 10.1 6.6 9.2 9.2 11.8
100504
Table 5.24A – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 471 595 28 31 85 99 358 465
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 488b 788 31 42 101 124 356a 622
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 991a 1,297 52 58 248 263 690a 976
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 690 715 22 29 124 137 544 549
Emergency Room 232 333 12 20 45 62 175 251
Private Doctor's Office 412 500 18 13 82 86 312 400
Self-Help Group 1,583 1,839 62 54 316 336 1,205 1,449
Prison/Jail 229 271 13 18 43a 81 174 172
100504
Table 5.24B – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 16.3 19.2 15.0 17.2 14.1 14.9 17.0 20.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 16.8b 25.5 16.7 23.7 16.7 18.6 16.9a 27.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 34.2 42.0 28.6 32.5 41.1 39.5 32.8a 43.4
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 23.8 23.1 12.2 16.0 20.5 20.6 25.8 24.4
Emergency Room 8.0 10.8 6.4 11.2 7.5 9.3 8.3 11.2
Private Doctor's Office 14.2 16.2 9.7 7.6 13.6 13.0 14.8 17.8
Self-Help Group 54.7 59.5 33.9 30.5 52.3 50.4 57.2 64.5
Prison/Jail 7.9 8.8 7.0 9.9 7.1a 12.1 8.2 7.7
100504
Table 5.25A – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 675 858 53 51 138 171 484 636
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 743b 1,208 58 69 163 218 521b 920
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,455b 1,994 87 91 371 441 997b 1,461
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 1,054 1,075 60 52 192 238 803 785
Emergency Room 374 487 33 30 88 110 253 347
Private Doctor's Office 672 714 29 27 149 145 494 542
Self-Help Group 2,187 2,453 87 90 445 535 1,656 1,829
Prison/Jail 343 374 23 25 61a 103 259 246
100504
Table 5.25B – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 16.7 20.1 16.3 18.0 16.1 17.5 16.9 21.1
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 18.4b 28.2 17.9 24.4 19.1 22.4 18.2b 30.5
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 36.0b 46.6 26.8 32.2 43.3 45.4 34.8b 48.4
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 26.1 25.1 18.3 18.4 22.4 24.4 28.0 26.0
Emergency Room 9.2 11.4 10.0 10.7 10.3 11.3 8.8 11.5
Private Doctor's Office 16.6 16.7 8.9 9.5 17.4 14.9 17.3 18.0
Self-Help Group 54.1 57.4 26.6 31.7 52.0 55.0 57.8 60.6
Prison/Jail 8.5 8.7 7.1 8.8 7.1 10.6 9.1 8.1
100504
Table 5.26A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                
None 1,078 1,222 1,580 1,576 662 759 2,265 2,318
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 284 327 277 358 251 290 340 417
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 1,004 1,094 1,314 1,515 654 791 1,779 1,958
Illicit Drugs 769 807 485 627 423 526 880 966
Alcohol 519 614 1,105 1,246 482 555 1,239 1,409
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 887 1,020 1,178 1,274 534 626 1,729 1,916
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 472 516 464 603 404 445 578 716
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 1,195 1,296 1,716 1,816 783 924 2,316 2,360
Illicit Drugs 950 972 650 796 563 625 1,110 1,210
Alcohol 716 840 1,529 1,624 623 743 1,784 1,867
100504
Table 5.26B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                
None 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.0 1.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 21.5 24.0 20.9 26.3 18.9 21.3 25.7 30.6
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 8.2 8.8 10.7 12.2 5.3 6.4 14.5 15.8
Illicit Drugs 15.8 16.5 10.0 12.8 8.7 10.8 18.1 19.8
Alcohol 5.9 6.9 12.6 14.0 5.5 6.2 14.2 15.8
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.8
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 15.3 16.0 15.0 18.7 13.1 13.8 18.7 22.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.4 5.8 7.7 8.1 3.5 4.1 10.4 10.5
Illicit Drugs 13.6 13.7 9.3 11.2 8.1 8.8 15.9 17.0
Alcohol 3.9 4.5 8.3 8.7 3.4 4.0 9.7 10.0
100504
Table 5.27A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,209 1,495 1,560 1,705 577 756 2,287 2,627
12 1 2 1 2 0 1 2 3
13 6 8 3 9 3 7 7 10
14 8 5 8 4 3 1 13 8
15 22 18 11 15 4 12 31 23
16 28 24 19 22 14 12 34 34
17 46 58 34 44 30 34 56 73
18 57 56 59 42 34 26 82 78
19 47 30 53 36 27 15 72 55
20 20a 46 25 24 11 10 34 60
21 27 47 34 40 13 20 54 72
22 54 36 51 44 23 11 82 75
23 32a 64 46 63 14a 39 66 90
24 30 52 34 53 11 26 54 79
25 34 41 41 48 21 20 54 72
26-29 155 184 245 146 102 86 298 251
30-34 136 161 92a 212 38 84 194 295
35-39 108 154 85 188 46 87 164 255
40-44 180 169 206 272 71 129 346 365
45-49 115 95 208 207 72 42 275 280
50-54 40a 172 177 98 25 34 191 236
55-59 23 25 69 68 1 16 91 113
60-64 29 43 17 45 14 43 33 63
65 or Older 11 5 42 22 * * 53 38
100504
Table 5.27B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
12 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
13 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
14 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2
15 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.5
16 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.8
17 1.1 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.7
18 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.7 0.5 1.7 1.6
19 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.7 1.2
20 0.5a 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.9 1.5
21 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.5 1.4 1.7
22 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.1 0.6 0.3 2.0 1.9
23 0.8a 1.6 1.1 1.6 0.3a 1.0 1.6 2.2
24 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.3 0.6 1.4 1.9
25 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.4 2.0
26-29 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.5
30-34 0.7 0.8 0.5a 1.1 0.2 0.4 1.0 1.5
35-39 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.3
40-44 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.3 0.6 1.6 1.8
45-49 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.2 1.2 1.2
50-54 0.2a 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.1
55-59 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.6
60-64 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4
65 or Older 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1
100504
Table 5.28A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,209 1,495 1,560 1,705 577 756 2,287 2,627
AGE                
12-17 111 115 77 96 54 67 143 150
18-25 301 372 341 350 154 167 498 580
26 or Older 797 1,008 1,142 1,259 369 522 1,646 1,897
GENDER                
Male 712a 1,000 1,079 1,203 377 534 1,490 1,833
Female 497 495 481 502 200 222 797 794
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,079 1,300 1,457 1,494 520 628 2,105 2,311
White 867 936 1,115 1,125 408 394 1,633 1,767
Black or African American 162 280 273 318 93 206 369 437
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 10 15 17 10 5 20 22
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 2 1 * 0 * 1 2
Asian 7 12 35 7 2 7 40 12
Two or More Races 27 60 18 27 7 16 40 71
Hispanic or Latino 130 195 103a 210 57 128 182 315
100504
Table 5.28B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
AGE                
12-17 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6
18-25 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.7
26 or Older 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
GENDER                
Male 0.6a 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.2 1.5
Female 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.1
White 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.0
Black or African American 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.4 0.8 1.4 1.4 0.9 0.4 1.9 1.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.2 0.1 * 0.0 * 0.1 0.2
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1
Two or More Races 0.9 2.0 0.6 0.9 0.2 0.6 1.3 2.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.9
100504
Table 5.29A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 111 115 77 96 54 67 143 150
GENDER                
Male 75 70 50 61 40 43 93 93
Female 36 45 26 35 14 24 51 57
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 100 80 65 65 51 42 122 109
White 86 57 56 49 47 31 102 80
Black or African American 4 10 5 8 3 5 8 15
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 1 1 0 1 0 5 1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1 3 1 0 * 0 1 3
Two or More Races 5 7 1 7 1 6 5 8
Hispanic or Latino 11b 35 12 31 3b 25 21 41
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 63b 32 40 31 36 20 73 47
Female, White, Not Hispanic 22 25 16 19 11 11 29 33
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 3 8 4 4 2 4 7 11
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1 2 1 4 1 1 1 4
Male, Hispanic 1b 26 3b 21 0b 17 3b 30
Female, Hispanic 10 10 9 10 2 8 18 11
100504
Table 5.29B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6
GENDER                
Male 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7
Female 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.5
White 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6
Black or African American 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.5 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.3 3.7 0.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.2 0.3
Two or More Races 1.0 1.3 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.1 1.0 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.2a 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.1b 0.5 0.4 0.9
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.8a 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 1.0 0.6
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
Male, Hispanic 0.0b 1.0 0.1b 0.9 0.0b 0.7 0.1b 1.2
Female, Hispanic 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.5
100504
Table 5.30A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 301 372 341 350 154 167 498 580
GENDER                
Male 199 237 215 233 101 106 321 387
Female 101 135 126 116 54 61 176 193
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 244a 326 296 297 127 150 418 491
White 203a 272 255 230 99 112 362 401
Black or African American 25 41 25a 51 17 28 33a 69
American Indian or Alaska Native * 3 8 7 * 2 9 8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 * * * * * 0 *
Asian 6 4 2 4 2 4 6 4
Two or More Races 5 8 5 5 3 4 7 9
Hispanic or Latino 57 45 46 53 27 17 80 88
EDUCATION                
< High School 106 135 92 130 55 68 150 207
High School Graduate 124 167 140 117 62 62 203 232
Some College 55 58 83 70 24 27 115 107
College Graduate 15 12 25 32 12 11 29 33
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 117 112 147 115 57 55 207 181
Part-Time 51a 93 58 72 28 32 82a 137
Unemployed 80 99 76 99 44 47 120 160
Other3 52 68 61 64 26 33 89 103
100504
Table 5.30B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.7
GENDER                
Male 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 1.9 2.3
Female 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9a 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.8
White 1.0a 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.8 2.0
Black or African American 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.7a 1.4
American Indian or Alaska Native * 1.3 4.9 2.9 * 0.7 5.0 3.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.2 * * * * * 0.2 *
Asian 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2
Two or More Races 1.1 1.8 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.0 1.7 2.0
Hispanic or Latino 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.3 1.4 1.4
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.1 0.9 1.1 2.6 3.4
High School Graduate 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.8 2.0
Some College 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.1 1.0
College Graduate 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.4 1.5
Part-Time 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.0a 1.5
Unemployed 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.2 1.4 1.0 3.9 3.5
Other3 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.4 1.4
100504
Table 5.31A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 797 1,008 1,142 1,259 369 522 1,646 1,897
GENDER                
Male 437a 693 813 909 236 384 1,076 1,353
Female 360 315 328 350 133 138 570 544
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 735 893 1,097 1,133 342 435 1,565 1,711
White 579 607 804 846 262 250 1,170 1,286
Black or African American 133 229 243 259 72 173 328 353
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 6 5 9 4 3 7 13
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * 6 32 3 * 3 32 6
Two or More Races 18 * 12 15 4 6 29 54
Hispanic or Latino 62 115 45 126 27 86 81 186
EDUCATION                
< High School 245 277 323 269 129 166 460 430
High School Graduate 255 378 423 462 156 210 559 674
Some College 211 295 297 352 61 126 453 577
College Graduate 86 59 98 176 23 20 174 215
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 341 400 640 461 166 215 858 671
Part-Time 87 68 115 186 37 35 178 224
Unemployed 82a 177 95a 225 46 73 136b 329
Other3 286 363 292 387 120 199 474 673
100504
Table 5.31B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
GENDER                
Male 0.5a 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.2 1.5
Female 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
White 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.0
Black or African American 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.2 0.3 0.8 1.6 1.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * 0.1 0.4 0.0 * 0.0 0.4 0.1
Two or More Races 0.8 * 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.3 1.4 2.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.7
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.6 1.5
High School Graduate 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.2
Some College 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.3 1.0 1.2
College Graduate 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.7
Part-Time 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.8 1.0
Unemployed 1.4 1.7 1.6 2.2 0.8 0.7 2.3 3.2
Other3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.1
100504
Table 5.32A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,098 1,380 1,483 1,609 523 689 2,143 2,476
GENDER                
Male 637a 930 1,028 1,142 337 490 1,397 1,739
Female 461 450 455 466 186 198 746 737
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 979 1,220 1,392 1,429 469 586 1,982 2,202
White 782 879 1,059 1,076 361 363 1,532 1,688
Black or African American 158 270 268 310 90 201 361 422
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 9 14 16 9 5 15 21
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 * 0 * 0 * 0 *
Asian 6 9 35 7 2 7 39 9
Two or More Races 22 53 17 20 7 11 36 63
Hispanic or Latino 119 160 91 179 54 103 161 274
EDUCATION                
< High School 351 412 416 399 184 233 610 637
High School Graduate 379 545 564 579 219 272 763 906
Some College 267 353 381 422 85 153 568 684
College Graduate 101 71 123 208 35 31 202 249
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 459 512 786 576 223 270 1,065 852
Part-Time 138 161 173 258 65 68 260 360
Unemployed 163a 276 171a 324 90 120 256b 489
Other3 338 431 353 451 145 231 562 775
100504
Table 5.32B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.1
GENDER                
Male 0.6a 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.3 1.6
Female 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.1
White 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.1
Black or African American 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.3 0.8 1.4 1.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.4 1.6 1.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0 *
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1
Two or More Races 0.9 2.2 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.4 2.6
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.9
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.7 1.7 1.8
High School Graduate 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.3
Some College 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.3 1.0 1.2
College Graduate 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.7
Part-Time 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.1
Unemployed 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0 0.8 2.8 3.3
Other3 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.9 1.2
120405
Table 5.33A (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,211 1,484 1,564 1,709 580 750 2,293 2,627
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 272 385 309 280 103 180 512 521
New England 80 70 93 43 25 15 151 123
Middle Atlantic 192 314 216 237 78 165 361 398
Midwest 341 230 420 394 169 139 613 499
East North Central 257 184 289 330 133 119 433 407
West North Central 84 46 131a 64 36 20 180a 92
South 327a 495 374 549 148 229 586a 873
South Atlantic 172 308 226a 414 84 145 346a 603
East South Central 100 44 77 22 37 10 141 85
West South Central 55b 144 71 112 27a 74 100a 185
West 272 374 461 487 159 202 582 734
Mountain 89 119 132 137 54 56 168 201
Pacific 183 255 329 350 105 145 414 533
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 621 785 756 929 280 424 1,129 1,434
Small Metro 405 362 564 458 204 154 817 695
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 263 234 329 271 108 89 513 431
< 250K Pop. 142 128 235 187 96 66 304 264
Nonmetro 185 337 244 322 97 171 348 497
Urbanized 100 154 112 165 45 91 180 235
Less Urbanized 76 160 116 140 45 71 149 230
Completely Rural 10 23 16 17 6 8 19 32
120405
Table 5.33B (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs1
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.4 1.1 1.1
New England 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.1 1.3 1.0
Middle Atlantic 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.5 1.1 1.2
Midwest 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.9
East North Central 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.1
West North Central 0.5 0.3 0.8a 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.1a 0.6
South 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.6a 0.9
South Atlantic 0.4 0.6 0.5a 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.7a 1.2
East South Central 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.6
West South Central 0.2b 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.1a 0.3 0.4a 0.6
West 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.0 1.3
Mountain 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.0 1.1
Pacific 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.4 1.0 1.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.1
Small Metro 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.9
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
< 250K Pop. 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.2 1.0
Nonmetro 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.2
Urbanized 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.3
Less Urbanized 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.2
Completely Rural 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.8
100504
Table 5.34A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Marijuana 441a 650 79 * 137 183 225a 400
Cocaine 311 452 11 * 76 77 225 363
Heroin 227 322 * * 32 51 189 267
Hallucinogens 127a 226 16 * 48 66 63 141
Inhalants 86 108 7 * 32 28 47 70
Pain Relievers 350 466 19 * 101 130 230 312
Tranquilizers 171 236 14 * 50 51 107 171
Stimulants2 172 283 10 * 44 46 119 222
Sedatives 80 104 2 * 13 21 65 81
Alcohol 1,088 1,290 58 * 239 261 791 974
100504
Table 5.34B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Marijuana 27.8 35.5 68.7 * 40.5 44.4 19.9 30.1
Cocaine 19.6 24.7 9.3 * 22.3 18.8 19.9 27.3
Heroin 14.3 17.6 * * 9.4 12.5 16.7 20.1
Hallucinogens 8.0 12.4 13.9 * 14.1 16.0 5.6 10.7
Inhalants 5.4 5.9 6.1 * 9.3 6.9 4.1 5.3
Pain Relievers 22.1 25.5 16.9 * 29.9 31.5 20.2 23.5
Tranquilizers 10.8 12.9 12.1 * 14.7 12.3 9.5 12.9
Stimulants2 10.8 15.4 8.3 * 12.9 11.1 10.5 16.7
Sedatives 5.1 5.7 1.9 * 3.8 5.1 5.8 6.1
Alcohol 68.5 70.5 50.7 * 70.6 63.4 69.7 73.4
100504
Table 5.35A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 235 351 * * 70 108 * *
Medicare 147 224 * * 40 57 * *
Medicaid 222 350 * * 48 76 * *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 168a 304 * * 48 62 * *
Own Savings or Earnings 308 339 * * 84 102 * *
Family Members 187 147 * * 76 71 * 44
Courts 56a 110 * * 12a 34 * 58
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
33 * * * * 6 * *
Employer 8 47 * * * 2 * *
100504
Table 5.35B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 29.1 34.4 * * 35.9 41.7 * *
Medicare 18.3 22.0 * * 20.4 22.2 * *
Medicaid 27.5 34.3 * * 24.8 29.6 * *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 20.8 29.8 * * 24.5 24.1 * *
Own Savings or Earnings 38.1 33.2 * * 43.1 39.6 * *
Family Members 23.1a 14.4 * * 39.0 27.7 * 6.3
Courts 7.0 10.8 * * 6.2 13.3 * 8.4
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
4.1 * * * * 2.2 * *
Employer 1.0 4.6 * * * 0.8 * *
100504
Table 5.36A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 358 378 * * 93 100 * *
Medicare 149 206 * * 55 51 83 *
Medicaid 179 265 * * 53 56 116 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 187 254 * * 59 57 117 *
Own Savings or Earnings 506 507 * * 100 109 * *
Family Members 117 180 * * 67 59 34 *
Courts 51 92 * * 17a 43 27 41
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
52 66 * * * 8 * *
Employer 68 89 * * 3 * * *
100504
Table 5.36B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 35.8 33.9 * * 39.4 43.2 * *
Medicare 14.9 18.5 * * 23.3 21.9 11.8 *
Medicaid 17.9 23.8 * * 22.5 24.2 16.5 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 18.7 22.8 * * 24.9 24.6 16.6 *
Own Savings or Earnings 50.6 45.5 * * 42.4 46.8 * *
Family Members 11.7 16.2 * * 28.3 25.6 4.8 *
Courts 5.1 8.3 * * 7.2a 18.4 3.8 4.9
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
5.2 5.9 * * * 3.3 * *
Employer 6.8 8.0 * * 1.1 * * *
100504
Table 5.37A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 572 637 67 * 128 182 378 411
Medicare 277 352 40 * 77 102 161 228
Medicaid 392 488 33 * 81 117 279 341
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 354 478 26 * 85 113 244 353
Own Savings or Earnings 786 886 15 * 164 199 608 660
Family Members 262 290 * * 124 115 90 132
Courts 126 167 21 * 27a 65 79 81
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
76 110 6 * 8 13 62 91
Employer 74 123 4 * 7 20 63 98
100504
Table 5.37B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Payment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Private Health Insurance 36.1 34.8 58.2 * 37.7 44.1 33.3 31.0
Medicare 17.5 19.2 34.9 * 22.6 24.7 14.2 17.2
Medicaid 24.7 26.7 28.5 * 23.8 28.5 24.6 25.8
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 22.3 26.1 22.7 * 24.9 27.5 21.5 26.6
Own Savings or Earnings 49.5 48.4 13.0 * 48.2 48.2 53.6 49.8
Family Members 16.5 15.9 * * 36.7 27.8 7.9 9.9
Courts 7.9 9.1 18.1 * 7.8a 15.6 6.9 6.1
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
    Some Other Military Health Care
4.8 6.0 5.0 * 2.3 3.2 5.5 6.8
Employer 4.7 6.7 3.5 * 2.0 4.8 5.6 7.4
100504
Table 5.38A – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 370 473 38 39 93 101 238 332
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 478 674 * 51 112 149 319 474
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 835a 1,097 * 69 223a 301 540 727
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 520 644 38 39 108a 163 374 442
Emergency Room 181 199 20 15 44 59 117 125
Private Doctor's Office 200 277 * * 68 64 122 203
Self-Help Group 737 892 35 45 181 229 521 618
Prison/Jail 114 189 * 20 19a 41 80 129
100504
Table 5.38B – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 30.6 31.6 34.6 33.8 31.1 27.2 29.9 33.0
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 39.6 45.1 * 44.3 37.2 40.1 40.0 47.0
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 69.1 73.4 * 59.9 74.1 81.0 67.8 72.1
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 43.0 43.1 34.3 34.0 35.9 43.8 47.0 43.9
Emergency Room 15.0 13.3 17.8 13.2 14.7 16.0 14.7 12.4
Private Doctor's Office 16.6 18.5 * * 22.5 17.3 15.3 20.2
Self-Help Group 61.0 59.7 31.2 38.9 60.1 61.5 65.4 61.3
Prison/Jail 9.5 12.7 * 17.3 6.3 11.0 10.0 12.8
100504
Table 5.39A – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 471 595 * * 85 99 358 465
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 488b 788 * * 101 124 356a 622
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 991a 1,297 * * 248 263 690a 976
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 690 715 * * 124 137 544 549
Emergency Room 215 297 * * 40 61 168 218
Private Doctor's Office 248 344 * * 48 54 197 280
Self-Help Group 1,001 1,078 * * 203 203 761 836
Prison/Jail 149 186 * * 29b 68 112 102
100504
Table 5.39B – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 30.2 34.9 * * 24.9 28.4 31.4 36.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 31.3b 46.2 * * 29.6 35.3 31.2b 49.4
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 63.5a 76.1 * * 72.7 75.2 60.4a 77.5
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 44.2 41.9 * * 36.3 39.3 47.6 43.6
Emergency Room 13.8 17.4 * * 11.8 17.3 14.7 17.3
Private Doctor's Office 15.9 20.2 * * 14.1 15.4 17.2 22.3
Self-Help Group 64.2 63.2 * * 59.6 57.9 66.7 66.4
Prison/Jail 9.6 10.9 * * 8.4b 19.5 9.8 8.1
100504
Table 5.40A – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 675 858 53 51 138 171 484 636
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 743b 1,208 58 69 163 218 521b 920
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,455b 1,994 87 91 371 441 997b 1,461
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 1,054 1,075 60 52 192 238 803 785
Emergency Room 352 437 25 29 77 107 250 301
Private Doctor's Office 402 521 * 13 95 98 294 410
Self-Help Group 1,410 1,642 53 62 286 364 1,071 1,216
Prison/Jail 236 316 18 23 39b 86 178 207
100504
Table 5.40B – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
Hospital - Inpatient 29.5 32.7 37.0 34.1 27.7 29.4 29.4 33.5
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 32.5b 46.0 40.7 46.1 32.8 37.6 31.7b 48.5
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 63.6b 75.9 60.9 60.8 74.5 76.1 60.6b 77.0
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 46.1 40.9 41.5 34.9 38.5 41.0 48.8 41.4
Emergency Room 15.4 16.6 17.4 19.2 15.5 18.4 15.2 15.9
Private Doctor's Office 17.6 19.8 * 8.4 19.1 16.9 17.8 21.6
Self-Help Group 61.7 62.5 37.1 41.5 57.5 62.7 65.1 64.1
Prison/Jail 10.3 12.0 12.9 15.4 7.9a 14.9 10.8 10.9
100504
Table 5.41A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                
None 571 702 738 690 267 311 1,091 1,223
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 181 218 175 281 142 186 227 315
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 638 793 822 1,014 311 445 1,196 1,404
Illicit Drugs 522 643 283 433 210 317 623 762
Alcohol 297 368 715 863 242 314 800 956
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 472 588 518 541 208 260 820 993
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 291 353 268 413 213 264 373 515
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 736 907 1,042 1,164 369 496 1,467 1,633
Illicit Drugs 639 750 370 533 283 371 759 927
Alcohol 388 509 941 1,044 299 389 1,081 1,222
100504
Table 5.41B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence or Abuse Status Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE                
None 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 13.7 16.0 13.3 20.7 10.7 13.6 17.2 23.1
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.2 6.4 6.7 8.2 2.5 3.6 9.7 11.3
Illicit Drugs 10.7 13.2 5.8a 8.9 4.3 6.5 12.8 15.6
Alcohol 3.4 4.1 8.2 9.7 2.8 3.5 9.1 10.7
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 9.4 10.9 8.7 12.8 6.9 8.2 12.1 16.0
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 3.3 4.0 4.7 5.2 1.7 2.2 6.6 7.2
Illicit Drugs 9.1 10.6 5.3 7.5 4.0 5.2 10.9 13.1
Alcohol 2.1 2.7 5.1 5.6 1.6 2.1 5.9 6.5
100504
Table 5.42A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 Illicit Drugs2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs2
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
5 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 639 750 370 533 283 371 759 927
Marijuana and Hashish 318 328 221 303 171 179 397 456
Cocaine 262 223 156 158 134 123 284 269
Heroin * * * * * * * *
Hallucinogens 29 36 27 43 23 26 35 52
Inhalants * 18 * * * 16 * *
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 201a 320 95a 224 62 138 237a 407
Pain Relievers 184 271 83a 180 56 124 214 327
Tranquilizers 62 * 32 * 24 47 70 *
Stimulants4 16b 57 10b 44 9a 26 16b 75
Sedatives * * * * * * * *
ALCOHOL 388 509 941 1,044 299 389 1,081 1,222
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 291 353 268 413 213 264 373 515
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 736 907 1,042 1,164 369 496 1,467 1,633
100504
Table 5.42B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 Illicit Drugs2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs2
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
5 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 9.1 10.6 5.3 7.5 4.0 5.2 10.9 13.1
Marijuana and Hashish 7.6 7.6 5.3 7.0 4.1 4.2 9.5 10.6
Cocaine 18.6 19.9 11.1 14.1 9.5 11.0 20.2 24.0
Heroin * * * * * * * *
Hallucinogens 8.2 9.6 7.5 11.5 6.5 7.0 9.9 14.1
Inhalants * 11.1 * * * 9.6 * *
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 9.2a 14.0 4.4a 9.8 2.8 6.0 10.9a 17.8
Pain Relievers 10.7 14.6 4.8 9.7 3.3 6.7 12.5 17.6
Tranquilizers 13.8 * 7.0 * 5.4 9.7 15.5 *
Stimulants4 4.4b 15.4 2.7b 11.8 2.6a 7.1 4.7b 20.1
Sedatives * * * * * * * *
ALCOHOL 2.1 2.7 5.1 5.6 1.6 2.1 5.9 6.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 9.4 10.9 8.7 12.8 6.9 8.2 12.1 16.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 3.3 4.0 4.7 5.2 1.7 2.2 6.6 7.2
100505
Table 5.43A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7,559 7,846 1,209 1,495 6,351 6,351 16.0 19.1
12 29 26 1 2 28 24 * *
13 45 53 6 8 39 46 * *
14 132 124 8 5 124 119 6.1 3.8
15 248 213 22 18 227 194 8.7 8.7
16 324 307 28 24 296 283 8.6 7.9
17 412 375 46 58 366 318 11.2 15.4
18 465 455 57 56 408 399 12.3 12.3
19 483 411 47 30 437 382 9.6 7.3
20 363 398 20a 46 343 352 5.4a 11.5
21 276a 365 27 47 249 318 9.9 12.9
22 336 297 54 36 282 261 16.0 12.1
23 282 295 32a 64 250 231 11.4a 21.7
24 245 272 30 52 215 220 12.4 19.2
25 219 230 34 41 185 189 15.3 17.9
26-29 941 859 155 184 786 675 16.5 21.4
30-34 675 765 136 161 539 604 20.2 21.1
35-39 529 589 108 154 421 435 * *
40-44 597 500 180 169 417 331 * *
45-49 514 395 115 95 399 300 * *
50-54 247 450 40a 172 207 278 * *
55-59 79a 276 23 25 56b 251 * *
60-64 51 139 29 43 22 96 * *
65 or Older 68 51 11 5 57 47 * *
100505
Table 5.43B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 16.0 19.1
12 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.7 0.7 * *
13 1.1 1.4 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.2 * *
14 3.2 3.0 0.2 0.1 3.0 2.9 6.1 3.8
15 5.7 4.8 0.5 0.4 5.2 4.4 8.7 8.7
16 7.5 7.3 0.6 0.6 6.8 6.7 8.6 7.9
17 9.5 8.6 1.1 1.3 8.5 7.3 11.2 15.4
18 9.5 9.2 1.2 1.1 8.3 8.1 12.3 12.3
19 11.1a 9.0 1.1 0.7 10.0 8.3 9.6 7.3
20 9.2 9.7 0.5a 1.1 8.7 8.5 5.4a 11.5
21 6.9 8.8 0.7 1.1 6.2 7.7 9.9 12.9
22 8.3 7.3 1.3 0.9 7.0 6.5 16.0 12.1
23 6.9 7.3 0.8a 1.6 6.1 5.8 11.4a 21.7
24 6.4 6.6 0.8 1.3 5.6 5.3 12.4 19.2
25 5.8 6.3 0.9 1.1 4.9 5.2 15.3 17.9
26-29 5.5 5.1 0.9 1.1 4.6 4.0 16.5 21.4
30-34 3.6 3.9 0.7 0.8 2.9 3.1 20.2 21.1
35-39 2.6 3.0 0.5 0.8 2.1 2.2 * *
40-44 2.8 2.4 0.8 0.8 1.9 1.6 * *
45-49 2.3 1.8 0.5 0.4 1.8 1.3 * *
50-54 1.1 2.0 0.2a 0.8 0.9 1.2 * *
55-59 0.4a 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.3b 1.4 * *
60-64 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.6 * *
65 or Older 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 * *
100505
Table 5.44A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7,559 7,846 1,209 1,495 6,351 6,351 16.0 19.1
AGE                
12-17 1,191 1,098 111 115 1,081 983 9.3 10.5
18-25 2,669 2,723 301 372 2,368 2,351 11.3 13.7
26 or Older 3,699 4,025 797 1,008 2,902 3,017 21.6 25.0
GENDER                
Male 4,389b 5,188 712a 1,000 3,677a 4,187 16.2 19.3
Female 3,171b 2,658 497 495 2,674b 2,164 15.7 18.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,480 6,652 1,079 1,300 5,401 5,352 16.6 19.5
White 5,033 5,107 867 936 4,166 4,172 17.2 18.3
Black or African American 1,147 1,132 162 280 985 852 14.1a 24.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 60 76 15 10 45 65 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 18 15 0 2 17 13 * *
Asian 100 136 7 12 93 124 * *
Two or More Races 122 186 27 60 95 127 * *
Hispanic or Latino 1,079 1,194 130 195 949 999 12.0 16.4
100505
Table 5.44B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 16.0 19.1
AGE                
12-17 4.8 4.5 0.4 0.5 4.3 4.0 9.3 10.5
18-25 8.1 8.1 0.9 1.1 7.2 7.0 11.3 13.7
26 or Older 1.9 2.1 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.6 21.6 25.0
GENDER                
Male 3.6b 4.2 0.6a 0.8 3.0a 3.4 16.2 19.3
Female 2.5b 2.1 0.4 0.4 2.1b 1.7 15.7 18.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 16.6 19.5
White 3.0 3.0 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 17.2 18.3
Black or African American 3.9 3.8 0.5 0.9 3.3 2.8 14.1a 24.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.6 6.2 1.4 0.8 4.2 5.3 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.9 1.8 0.0 0.2 1.9 1.6 * *
Asian 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.9 1.1 * *
Two or More Races 4.1 6.3 0.9 2.0 3.2 4.3 * *
Hispanic or Latino 3.1 3.3 0.4 0.5 2.7 2.8 12.0 16.4
100505
Table 5.45A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6,368 6,748 1,098 1,380 5,270 5,368 17.2 20.4
GENDER                
Male 3,800b 4,612 637a 930 3,163a 3,683 16.8 20.2
Female 2,568a 2,135 461 450 2,107b 1,685 18.0 21.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,520 5,819 979 1,220 4,541 4,600 17.7 21.0
White 4,279 4,472 782 879 3,497 3,594 18.3 19.6
Black or African American 1,009 1,005 158 270 851 735 15.7 26.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 47 59 10 9 37 50 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 11 12 0 * 10 12 * *
Asian 82 115 6 9 76 106 * *
Two or More Races 93 157 22 53 70 104 * *
Hispanic or Latino 848 928 119 160 729 768 14.1 17.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,507a 1,839 351 412 1,156 1,428 23.3 22.4
High School Graduate 2,314 2,357 379 545 1,935 1,812 16.4a 23.1
Some College 1,758 1,745 267 353 1,491 1,393 15.2 20.2
College Graduate 789 806 101 71 688 735 12.8 8.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 3,128a 2,711 459 512 2,669a 2,199 14.7 18.9
Part-Time 1,105 1,284 138 161 967 1,123 12.5 12.5
Unemployed 838b 1,140 163a 276 675 864 19.4 24.2
Other1 1,297 1,613 338 431 959 1,182 26.1 26.7
100505
Table 5.45B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.8 3.0 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.4 17.2 20.4
GENDER                
Male 3.5b 4.2 0.6a 0.8 2.9a 3.4 16.8 20.2
Female 2.2a 1.8 0.4 0.4 1.8b 1.4 18.0 21.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.8 3.0 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.3 17.7 21.0
White 2.8 2.9 0.5 0.6 2.3 2.3 18.3 19.6
Black or African American 3.9 3.8 0.6 1.0 3.3 2.8 15.7 26.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.0 5.4 1.1 0.8 3.9 4.5 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.3 1.6 0.0 * 1.3 1.6 * *
Asian 0.8 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 1.1 * *
Two or More Races 3.7 6.5 0.9 2.2 2.8 4.3 * *
Hispanic or Latino 2.8 3.0 0.4 0.5 2.4 2.5 14.1 17.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 4.3a 5.3 1.0 1.2 3.3a 4.1 23.3 22.4
High School Graduate 3.3 3.4 0.5 0.8 2.8 2.6 16.4a 23.1
Some College 3.1 3.0 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.4 15.2 20.2
College Graduate 1.3 1.2 0.2 0.1 1.1 1.1 12.8 8.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 2.6 2.4 0.4 0.4 2.2 1.9 14.7 18.9
Part-Time 3.7 4.0 0.5 0.5 3.2 3.5 12.5 12.5
Unemployed 9.3 7.7 1.8 1.9 7.5 5.9 19.4 24.2
Other1 2.0 2.4 0.5 0.7 1.5 1.8 26.1 26.7
120505
Table 5.46A (REVISED) – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Needed Treatment
(2008)
Needed Treatment
(2009)
Needed and Received Treatment
(2008)
Needed and Received Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not Receive Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not Receive Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received Treatment among Persons
Who Needed Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received Treatment among Persons
Who Needed Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7,580 7,863 1,211 1,484 6,369 6,379 16.0 18.9
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 1,501 1,631 272 385 1,229 1,247 18.1 23.6
New England 423 515 80 70 343 445 18.8 13.7
Middle Atlantic 1,078 1,116 192 314 886 802 17.8 28.1
Midwest 1,586 1,488 341 230 1,246 1,258 21.5 15.5
East North Central 1,192 1,177 257 184 935 993 21.6 15.6
West North Central 395 311 84 46 311 264 21.3 15.0
South 2,620 2,740 327a 495 2,293 2,244 12.5a 18.1
South Atlantic 1,350 1,478 172 308 1,178 1,171 12.8 20.8
East South Central 459 373 100 44 359 329 * 11.8
West South Central 811 888 55b 144 756 744 6.8b 16.2
West 1,872 2,004 272 374 1,600 1,630 14.5 18.7
Mountain 613 614 89 119 524 495 14.5 19.3
Pacific 1,260 1,391 183 255 1,076 1,135 14.6 18.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 4,200 4,190 621 785 3,579 3,405 14.8 18.7
Small Metro 2,319 2,539 405 362 1,915 2,177 17.4 14.3
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,528 1,711 263 234 1,265 1,477 17.2 13.7
< 250K Pop. 792 828 142 128 650 700 17.9 15.5
Nonmetro 1,061 1,134 185 337 875 797 17.5a 29.7
Urbanized 463 531 100 154 363 376 21.6 *
Less Urbanized 516 526 76 160 440 366 14.7 *
Completely Rural 81 78 10 23 72 55 * *
120405
Table 5.46B (REVISED) – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Needed Treatment
(2008)
Needed Treatment
(2009)
Needed and Received Treatment
(2008)
Needed and Received Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received Treatment among Persons
Who Needed Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received Treatment among Persons
Who Needed Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.5 16.0 18.9
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 3.3 3.5 0.6 0.8 2.7 2.7 18.1 23.6
New England 3.5 4.2 0.7 0.6 2.8 3.7 18.8 13.7
Middle Atlantic 3.2 3.3 0.6 0.9 2.6 2.3 17.8 28.1
Midwest 2.9 2.7 0.6 0.4 2.3 2.3 21.5 15.5
East North Central 3.1 3.1 0.7 0.5 2.4 2.6 21.6 15.6
West North Central 2.4 1.9 0.5 0.3 1.9 1.6 21.3 15.0
South 2.9 3.0 0.4a 0.5 2.5 2.4 12.5a 18.1
South Atlantic 2.8 3.0 0.4 0.6 2.5 2.4 12.8 20.8
East South Central 3.1 2.5 0.7 0.3 2.4 2.2 * 11.8
West South Central 2.9 3.1 0.2b 0.5 2.7 2.6 6.8b 16.2
West 3.2 3.4 0.5 0.6 2.8 2.8 14.5 18.7
Mountain 3.5 3.4 0.5 0.7 3.0 2.8 14.5 19.3
Pacific 3.1 3.4 0.5 0.6 2.7 2.8 14.6 18.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 3.2 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.7 2.5 14.8 18.7
Small Metro 3.1 3.3 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.8 17.4 14.3
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.1 3.4 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.9 17.2 13.7
< 250K Pop. 3.1 3.2 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.7 17.9 15.5
Nonmetro 2.6 2.7 0.4 0.8 2.1 1.9 17.5a 29.7
Urbanized 2.7 2.9 0.6 0.9 2.1 2.1 21.6 *
Less Urbanized 2.6 2.8 0.4 0.8 2.2 1.9 14.7 *
Completely Rural 2.0 1.9 0.2 0.6 1.8 1.3 * *
100505
Table 5.47A – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 6,351 6,351 400 490 99 192 301 298 5,951 5,862
AGE                    
12-17 1,081 983 22a 44 5 16 17 28 1,059 939
18-25 2,368 2,351 108 107 21 36 88 71 2,260 2,244
26 or Older 2,902 3,017 270 339 73 140 196 199 2,632 2,678
GENDER                    
Male 3,677a 4,187 249 345 57 135 192 209 3,428 3,843
Female 2,674b 2,164 151 145 42 56 109 89 2,523b 2,019
100505
Table 5.47B – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 6.3 7.7 1.6 3.0 4.7 4.7 93.7 92.3
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 2.0a 4.5 0.5 1.7 1.6 2.8 98.0a 95.5
18-25 100.0 100.0 4.6 4.5 0.9 1.5 3.7 3.0 95.4 95.5
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 9.3 11.2 2.5 4.6 6.8 6.6 90.7 88.8
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 6.8 8.2 1.6 3.2 5.2 5.0 93.2 91.8
Female 100.0 100.0 5.6 6.7 1.6 2.6 4.1 4.1 94.4 93.3
100505
Table 5.48A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18,951 19,317 1,560 1,705 17,391 17,613 8.2 8.8
AGE                
12-17 1,247 1,175 77 96 1,170 1,079 6.2 8.2
18-25 5,788 5,495 341 350 5,447 5,145 5.9 6.4
26 or Older 11,915 12,648 1,142 1,259 10,774 11,389 9.6 10.0
GENDER                
Male 12,144 12,653 1,079 1,203 11,065 11,450 8.9 9.5
Female 6,807 6,664 481 502 6,326 6,163 7.1 7.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 16,094 16,150 1,457 1,494 14,637 14,656 9.1 9.3
White 13,175 13,050 1,115 1,125 12,060 11,925 8.5 8.6
Black or African American 2,116 2,281 273 318 1,843 1,962 12.9 14.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 99a 167 15 17 84a 151 15.0 10.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 36 1 * * 36 * *
Asian 379 287 35 7 344 280 * 2.4
Two or More Races 222 330 18 27 204 302 8.0 8.3
Hispanic or Latino 2,857 3,167 103a 210 2,754 2,957 3.6 6.6
100505
Table 5.48B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.6 7.7 0.6 0.7 7.0 7.0 8.2 8.8
AGE                
12-17 5.0 4.8 0.3 0.4 4.7 4.4 6.2 8.2
18-25 17.6a 16.4 1.0 1.0 16.5a 15.3 5.9 6.4
26 or Older 6.2 6.5 0.6 0.7 5.6 5.9 9.6 10.0
GENDER                
Male 10.0 10.3 0.9 1.0 9.1 9.4 8.9 9.5
Female 5.3 5.1 0.4 0.4 4.9 4.8 7.1 7.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.5 7.5 0.7 0.7 6.8 6.8 9.1 9.3
White 7.8 7.7 0.7 0.7 7.1 7.0 8.5 8.6
Black or African American 7.2 7.6 0.9 1.1 6.2 6.5 12.9 14.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.1 13.7 1.4 1.4 7.8 12.3 15.0 10.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 4.5 0.1 * * 4.5 * *
Asian 3.5 2.6 0.3 0.1 3.2 2.5 * 2.4
Two or More Races 7.4a 11.2 0.6 0.9 6.8 10.2 8.0 8.3
Hispanic or Latino 8.1 8.8 0.3 0.6 7.9 8.2 3.6 6.6
100505
Table 5.49A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17,704 18,143 1,483 1,609 16,220 16,534 8.4 8.9
GENDER                
Male 11,560 12,110 1,028 1,142 10,532 10,967 8.9 9.4
Female 6,143 6,033 455 466 5,689 5,566 7.4 7.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,097 15,287 1,392 1,429 13,704 13,858 9.2 9.3
White 12,323 12,329 1,059 1,076 11,264 11,254 8.6 8.7
Black or African American 2,037 2,200 268 310 1,769 1,889 13.1 14.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 84a 159 14 16 70a 143 * 10.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 34 0 * * 34 * *
Asian 364 269 35 7 329 262 * 2.6
Two or More Races 189 296 17 20 171 276 * 6.9
Hispanic or Latino 2,607 2,855 91 179 2,516 2,676 3.5 6.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,781a 3,419 416 399 2,365b 3,020 14.9 11.7
High School Graduate 5,670 5,298 564 579 5,106 4,719 9.9 10.9
Some College 5,263 4,987 381 422 4,883 4,565 7.2 8.5
College Graduate 3,989 4,438 123 208 3,866 4,230 3.1 4.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 11,193b 9,942 786 576 10,406a 9,366 7.0 5.8
Part-Time 2,853 3,002 173 258 2,680 2,744 6.1 8.6
Unemployed 1,394b 2,030 171a 324 1,223b 1,705 12.2 16.0
Other1 2,264b 3,169 353 451 1,911b 2,718 15.6 14.2
100505
Table 5.49B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.9 8.0 0.7 0.7 7.2 7.3 8.4 8.9
GENDER                
Male 10.6 11.0 0.9 1.0 9.7 10.0 8.9 9.4
Female 5.3 5.1 0.4 0.4 4.9 4.7 7.4 7.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.8 7.8 0.7 0.7 7.0 7.1 9.2 9.3
White 8.0 7.9 0.7 0.7 7.3 7.2 8.6 8.7
Black or African American 7.9 8.3 1.0 1.2 6.9 7.2 13.1 14.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 8.8a 14.6 1.5 1.5 7.4a 13.1 * 10.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 4.7 0.0 * * 4.7 * *
Asian 3.7 2.7 0.4 0.1 3.4 2.6 * 2.6
Two or More Races 7.5a 12.2 0.7 0.8 6.8a 11.3 * 6.9
Hispanic or Latino 8.6 9.2 0.3 0.6 8.3 8.6 3.5 6.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 7.9b 9.9 1.2 1.2 6.7b 8.7 14.9 11.7
High School Graduate 8.1 7.6 0.8 0.8 7.3 6.7 9.9 10.9
Some College 9.2 8.6 0.7 0.7 8.5 7.9 7.2 8.5
College Graduate 6.4 6.9 0.2 0.3 6.2 6.5 3.1 4.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 9.2 8.7 0.6 0.5 8.5 8.2 7.0 5.8
Part-Time 9.4 9.4 0.6 0.8 8.9 8.6 6.1 8.6
Unemployed 15.5 13.8 1.9 2.2 13.6 11.6 12.2 16.0
Other1 3.6b 4.8 0.6 0.7 3.0b 4.1 15.6 14.2
100505
Table 5.50A – Perceived Need for Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17,391 17,613 651 676 139 254 512 423 16,739 16,936
AGE                    
12-17 1,170 1,079 20 25 2 6 18 19 1,151 1,054
18-25 5,447 5,145 96 123 23 39 74 84 5,350 5,022
26 or Older 10,774 11,389 535 529 115 209 420 319 10,238 10,860
GENDER                    
Male 11,065 11,450 348 492 78 188 271 304 10,717 10,958
Female 6,326 6,163 303 184 62 65 241a 119 6,023 5,979
100505
Table 5.50B – Perceived Need for Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 3.7 3.8 0.8 1.4 2.9 2.4 96.3 96.2
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 1.7 2.3 0.2 0.5 1.5 1.8 98.3 97.7
18-25 100.0 100.0 1.8 2.4 0.4 0.8 1.4 1.6 98.2 97.6
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 5.0 4.6 1.1 1.8 3.9 2.8 95.0 95.4
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 3.1 4.3 0.7 1.6 2.4 2.7 96.9 95.7
Female 100.0 100.0 4.8 3.0 1.0 1.1 3.8a 1.9 95.2 97.0
100505
Table 5.51A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 23,051 23,523 2,287 2,627 20,764 20,897 9.9 11.2
AGE                
12-17 1,938 1,778 143 150 1,795a 1,628 7.4 8.4
18-25 6,986 6,876 498 580 6,489 6,296 7.1 8.4
26 or Older 14,126 14,870 1,646 1,897 12,481 12,973 11.6 12.8
GENDER                
Male 14,443 15,374 1,490 1,833 12,953 13,541 10.3 11.9
Female 8,608 8,149 797 794 7,811 7,356 9.3 9.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 19,659 19,751 2,105 2,311 17,554 17,440 10.7 11.7
White 15,848 15,873 1,633 1,767 14,215 14,105 10.3 11.1
Black or African American 2,804 2,808 369 437 2,434 2,371 13.2 15.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 131 194 20 22 111 172 15.4 11.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 43 1 2 * 41 * *
Asian 451 393 40 12 411 380 * 3.1
Two or More Races 313 440 40 71 273 370 12.9 *
Hispanic or Latino 3,392 3,772 182 315 3,209 3,457 5.4 8.4
100505
Table 5.51B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 9.2 9.3 0.9 1.0 8.3 8.3 9.9 11.2
AGE                
12-17 7.8 7.2 0.6 0.6 7.2 6.6 7.4 8.4
18-25 21.2 20.5 1.5 1.7 19.7 18.7 7.1 8.4
26 or Older 7.4 7.7 0.9 1.0 6.5 6.7 11.6 12.8
GENDER                
Male 11.9 12.6 1.2 1.5 10.7 11.1 10.3 11.9
Female 6.7 6.3 0.6 0.6 6.1 5.7 9.3 9.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.2 9.1 1.0 1.1 8.2 8.1 10.7 11.7
White 9.4 9.3 1.0 1.0 8.4 8.3 10.3 11.1
Black or African American 9.5 9.3 1.2 1.5 8.2 7.9 13.2 15.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.1 15.9 1.9 1.8 10.2 14.1 15.4 11.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 5.3 0.1 0.2 * 5.1 * *
Asian 4.2 3.6 0.4 0.1 3.8 3.4 * 3.1
Two or More Races 10.4 14.9 1.3 2.4 9.1 12.5 12.9 *
Hispanic or Latino 9.7 10.5 0.5 0.9 9.2 9.6 5.4 8.4
100505
Table 5.52A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21,113 21,745 2,143 2,476 18,969 19,269 10.2 11.4
GENDER                
Male 13,515 14,495 1,397 1,739 12,118 12,755 10.3 12.0
Female 7,597 7,251 746 737 6,851 6,513 9.8 10.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,099 18,427 1,982 2,202 16,117 16,225 11.0 12.0
White 14,577 14,823 1,532 1,688 13,045 13,135 10.5 11.4
Black or African American 2,625 2,639 361 422 2,264 2,217 13.8 16.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 107a 176 15 21 92 155 14.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 39 0 * * 39 * *
Asian 421 355 39 9 382 346 * 2.6
Two or More Races 265 395 36 63 229 333 * *
Hispanic or Latino 3,013 3,318 161 274 2,852 3,044 5.3 8.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 3,596b 4,319 610 637 2,986b 3,681 17.0 14.8
High School Graduate 6,866 6,541 763 906 6,103 5,635 11.1 13.9
Some College 6,207 5,996 568 684 5,639 5,312 9.2 11.4
College Graduate 4,444 4,890 202 249 4,241 4,641 4.5 5.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 12,838b 11,373 1,065 852 11,773b 10,521 8.3 7.5
Part-Time 3,409 3,652 260 360 3,148 3,292 7.6 9.9
Unemployed 1,793b 2,596 256b 489 1,537b 2,107 14.3 18.8
Other1 3,073b 4,125 562 775 2,511b 3,350 18.3 18.8
100505
Table 5.52B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed
Treatment
(2009)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2009)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2009)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 9.4 9.6 1.0 1.1 8.4 8.5 10.2 11.4
GENDER                
Male 12.5 13.2 1.3 1.6 11.2 11.6 10.3 12.0
Female 6.5 6.2 0.6 0.6 5.9 5.5 9.8 10.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.3 9.4 1.0 1.1 8.3 8.3 11.0 12.0
White 9.4 9.5 1.0 1.1 8.4 8.5 10.5 11.4
Black or African American 10.2 10.0 1.4 1.6 8.8 8.4 13.8 16.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.3 16.1 1.6 1.9 9.7 14.2 14.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 5.3 0.0 * * 5.3 * *
Asian 4.3 3.5 0.4 0.1 3.9 3.4 * 2.6
Two or More Races 10.6a 16.3 1.4 2.6 9.1 13.7 * *
Hispanic or Latino 9.9 10.7 0.5 0.9 9.4 9.8 5.3 8.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 10.3b 12.5 1.7 1.8 8.5b 10.6 17.0 14.8
High School Graduate 9.8 9.3 1.1 1.3 8.7 8.0 11.1 13.9
Some College 10.8 10.4 1.0 1.2 9.9 9.2 9.2 11.4
College Graduate 7.1 7.5 0.3 0.4 6.8 7.2 4.5 5.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 10.5 9.9 0.9 0.7 9.6 9.2 8.3 7.5
Part-Time 11.3 11.5 0.9 1.1 10.4 10.4 7.6 9.9
Unemployed 20.0 17.6 2.8 3.3 17.1a 14.3 14.3 18.8
Other1 4.8b 6.3 0.9 1.2 4.0b 5.1 18.3 18.8
100505
Table 5.53A – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 20,764 20,897 1,000 1,064 233 371 766 693 19,764 19,832
AGE                    
12-17 1,795 1,628 39 62 8 16 31 46 1,756a 1,566
18-25 6,489 6,296 184 211 42 68 142 143 6,304 6,085
26 or Older 12,481 12,973 776 792 183 288 593 504 11,704 12,181
GENDER                    
Male 12,953 13,541 591 753 137 265 455 488 12,361 12,788
Female 7,811 7,356 408 311 97 106 312 205 7,403 7,045
100505
Table 5.53B – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2009)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2009)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 4.8 5.1 1.1 1.8 3.7 3.3 95.2 94.9
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 2.2a 3.8 0.5 1.0 1.7 2.8 97.8a 96.2
18-25 100.0 100.0 2.8 3.3 0.7 1.1 2.2 2.3 97.2 96.7
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 6.2 6.1 1.5 2.2 4.8 3.9 93.8 93.9
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 4.6 5.6 1.1 2.0 3.5 3.6 95.4 94.4
Female 100.0 100.0 5.2 4.2 1.2 1.4 4.0 2.8 94.8 95.8
100505
Table 5.54A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 483 169 314
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
196 87 109
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
39 13 26
No Transportation/Inconvenient 38 19 19
No Program Having Type of Treatment 33 8 25
Not Ready to Stop Using 153 50 103
No Openings in a Program 11 8 4
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 65 15 50
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
76 17 59
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 64 17 47
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 33 8 25
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 50 16 35
Treatment Would Not Help 19 6 13
Did Not Have Time 28 5 23
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 44 14 30
Some Other Reason 14 6 8
100505
Table 5.54B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
40.5 51.3 34.7
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
8.1 7.6 8.3
No Transportation/Inconvenient 7.8 11.0 6.0
No Program Having Type of Treatment 6.8 4.5 8.0
Not Ready to Stop Using 31.6 29.3 32.8
No Openings in a Program 2.4 4.6 1.2
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 13.5 8.6 16.1
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
15.8 10.0 18.9
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 13.2 10.2 14.9
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 6.8 4.9 7.9
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 10.4 9.2 11.0
Treatment Would Not Help 4.0 3.5 4.2
Did Not Have Time 5.8 3.1 7.3
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 9.0 8.2 9.4
Some Other Reason 2.9 3.7 2.5
100505
Table 5.55A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 682 213 469
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
224 63 161
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
49 * 26
No Transportation/Inconvenient 45 20 24
No Program Having Type of Treatment 33 14 19
Not Ready to Stop Using 297 62 235
No Openings in a Program 12 * 2
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 70 11 59
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
73 16 57
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 87 19 68
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 66 19 47
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 85 28 57
Treatment Would Not Help 37 5 32
Did Not Have Time 37 20 18
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 53 11 42
Some Other Reason 23 12 11
100505
Table 5.55B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
32.8 29.6 34.3
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
7.1 * 5.5
No Transportation/Inconvenient 6.5 9.5 5.2
No Program Having Type of Treatment 4.8 6.5 4.0
Not Ready to Stop Using 43.5 29.2 50.1
No Openings in a Program 1.8 * 0.5
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 10.3 5.2 12.6
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
10.7 7.4 12.2
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 12.7 8.7 14.6
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 9.6 8.8 10.0
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 12.4 13.1 12.1
Treatment Would Not Help 5.5 2.3 6.9
Did Not Have Time 5.5 9.2 3.8
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 7.7 5.2 8.9
Some Other Reason 3.4 5.7 2.4
100505
Table 5.56A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 1,085 325 760
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
366 119 247
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
70 29 42
No Transportation/Inconvenient 69 31 38
No Program Having Type of Treatment 59 20 38
Not Ready to Stop Using 432 99 333
No Openings in a Program 20 14 6
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 117 21 96
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
130 28 103
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 135 28 107
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 94 23 71
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 119 33 85
Treatment Would Not Help 48 8 40
Did Not Have Time 59 21 38
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 85 19 66
Some Other Reason 37 19 18
100505
Table 5.56B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2009
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford
    Cost
33.7 36.8 32.4
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover
    Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost
6.5 8.8 5.5
No Transportation/Inconvenient 6.4 9.7 5.0
No Program Having Type of Treatment 5.4 6.2 5.1
Not Ready to Stop Using 39.8 30.5 43.8
No Openings in a Program 1.8 4.2 0.8
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 10.7 6.5 12.6
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have
    Negative Opinion
12.0 8.5 13.5
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 12.4 8.6 14.1
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 8.7 7.1 9.3
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 10.9 10.2 11.2
Treatment Would Not Help 4.4 2.5 5.2
Did Not Have Time 5.4 6.4 5.0
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 7.8 5.8 8.7
Some Other Reason 3.4 5.7 2.4

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