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130626
Table 2.1C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2011)
Total
(2012)
Aged 12-13
(2011)
Aged 12-13
(2012)
Aged 14-15
(2011)
Aged 14-15
(2012)
Aged 16-17
(2011)
Aged 16-17
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 75 70 42 43 50 46 45 43
Outpatient 73 67 39 40 47 45 43 41
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
67 65 35 36 44 41 40 39
Mental Health Clinic or Center 30 31 14 16 18 19 20 18
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 26 25 13 15 17 17 13 13
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 39 38 21 22 26 24 20 21
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 32 32 18 16 21 17 19 21
Hospital 28 29 14 15 19 16 14 18
Residential Treatment Center 22 20 12 9 13 12 11 13
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 18 13 10 6 9 7 12 8
EDUCATION2,3 68 70 45 48 47 47 38 41
School Social Worker, School Psychologist, or School Counselor 61 63 39 41 40 41 33 35
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
46 47 26 28 31 29 24 26
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 35 32 19 17 21 21 21 19
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
49 48 25 29 33 31 29 26
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 14 12 5 3 9 7 9 8
130626
Table 2.1D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2011)
Total
(2012)
Aged 12-13
(2011)
Aged 12-13
(2012)
Aged 14-15
(2011)
Aged 14-15
(2012)
Aged 16-17
(2011)
Aged 16-17
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.31 0.28 0.51 0.50 0.55 0.51 0.50 0.47
Outpatient 0.30 0.27 0.48 0.47 0.51 0.51 0.48 0.45
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
0.27 0.26 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.46 0.45 0.44
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.12 0.13 0.18 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.21
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.10 0.10 0.17 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.16 0.16
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 0.16 0.15 0.27 0.26 0.30 0.29 0.23 0.24
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 0.13 0.13 0.23 0.21 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.24
Hospital 0.11 0.12 0.18 0.19 0.22 0.19 0.17 0.21
Residential Treatment Center 0.09 0.08 0.15 0.11 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.15
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.07 0.05 0.13 0.08 0.11 0.09 0.14 0.10
EDUCATION2,3 0.28 0.29 0.55 0.54 0.52 0.50 0.42 0.47
School Social Worker, School Psychologist, or School Counselor 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.37 0.41
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
0.19 0.19 0.33 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.28 0.30
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.14 0.13 0.24 0.22 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.22
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
0.20 0.20 0.32 0.35 0.37 0.36 0.33 0.30
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.11 0.09 0.11 0.09
130626
Table 2.1P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2011)
Total
(2012)
Aged 12-13
(2011)
Aged 12-13
(2012)
Aged 14-15
(2011)
Aged 14-15
(2012)
Aged 16-17
(2011)
Aged 16-17
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.9796   0.9532   0.5111   0.5031  
Outpatient 0.9847   0.9837   0.3726   0.3396  
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
0.8737   0.8907   0.5237   0.8428  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.1532   0.2564   0.0344   0.5439  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.2948   0.3320   0.4539   0.9453  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 0.8730   0.6462   0.5476   0.9545  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 0.7518   0.2234   0.3352   0.1358  
Hospital 0.5444   0.9625   0.5535   0.1027  
Residential Treatment Center 0.9350   0.4159   0.8434   0.4182  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.0446   0.0183   0.3364   0.6838  
EDUCATION2,3 0.0125   0.2002   0.0146   0.8279  
School Social Worker, School Psychologist, or School Counselor 0.0198   0.3246   0.0030   0.7723  
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
0.2219   0.2762   0.8151   0.3950  
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.8492   0.8789   0.2734   0.5003  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
0.2690   0.2360   0.0661   0.2463  
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 0.2789   0.1737   0.6757   0.6359  
130501
Table 2.2C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 75 70 73 67 32 32 68 70 35 32 49 48 14 12
GENDER                            
Male 48 44 45 40 24 22 49 48 25 19 31 26 9 10
Female 56 54 54 52 22 23 49 53 25 25 38 40 11 6
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 42 43 39 40 18 16 45 48 19 17 25 29 5 3
14-15 50 46 47 45 21 17 47 47 21 21 33 31 9 7
16-17 45 43 43 41 19 21 38 41 21 19 29 26 9 8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 63 60 61 57 28 28 58 59 32 28 41 40 12 10
White 61 54 59 53 21 21 55 54 25 25 38 33 8 7
Black or African American 29 34 28 31 17 15 32 38 13 12 19 26 8 5
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 4 5 4 2 1 5 7 3 1 2 3 1 1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 16 10 16 9 4 5 20 16 10 5 13 5 1 3
Two or More Races 17 18 17 16 5 8 15 14 10 8 8 13 3 3
Hispanic or Latino 39 38 36 36 19 18 39 38 14 16 26 25 8 6
130501
Table 2.2D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.31 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.20 0.06 0.05
GENDER                            
Male 0.38 0.35 0.36 0.32 0.19 0.17 0.39 0.39 0.20 0.15 0.24 0.21 0.07 0.08
Female 0.47 0.45 0.45 0.43 0.18 0.19 0.41 0.45 0.20 0.21 0.31 0.33 0.09 0.05
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 0.51 0.50 0.48 0.47 0.23 0.21 0.55 0.54 0.24 0.22 0.32 0.35 0.07 0.04
14-15 0.55 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.24 0.21 0.52 0.50 0.25 0.25 0.37 0.36 0.11 0.09
16-17 0.50 0.47 0.48 0.45 0.22 0.24 0.42 0.47 0.24 0.22 0.33 0.30 0.11 0.09
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.33 0.31 0.32 0.30 0.14 0.14 0.30 0.31 0.17 0.14 0.21 0.21 0.06 0.05
White 0.38 0.35 0.37 0.35 0.15 0.15 0.36 0.36 0.17 0.18 0.26 0.23 0.06 0.05
Black or African American 0.79 0.89 0.75 0.79 0.48 0.43 0.81 0.89 0.38 0.34 0.53 0.71 0.23 0.15
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.72 2.41 3.58 2.37 1.25 0.93 3.20 3.94 2.20 0.45 1.56 1.95 0.55 0.57
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.26 0.82 1.25 0.78 0.34 0.46 1.48 1.28 0.78 0.40 1.00 0.46 0.08 0.28
Two or More Races 2.18 2.09 2.16 1.99 0.67 1.02 1.86 1.82 1.43 1.06 1.12 1.65 0.47 0.47
Hispanic or Latino 0.74 0.70 0.68 0.67 0.35 0.32 0.74 0.72 0.26 0.29 0.50 0.47 0.15 0.11
130501
Table 2.2P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.9796   0.9847   0.7518   0.0125   0.8492   0.2690   0.2789  
GENDER                            
Male 0.0335   0.0425   0.1992   0.7207   0.0775   0.0951   0.5692  
Female 0.0708   0.1023   0.3970   0.0003   0.0758   0.0082   0.0263  
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 0.9532   0.9837   0.2234   0.2002   0.8789   0.2360   0.1737  
14-15 0.5111   0.3726   0.3352   0.0146   0.2734   0.0661   0.6757  
16-17 0.5031   0.3396   0.1358   0.8279   0.5003   0.2463   0.6359  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4028   0.3557   0.4116   0.0955   0.6577   0.9539   0.3916  
White 0.2239   0.3162   0.8939   0.5047   0.8788   0.3496   0.3668  
Black or African American 0.7463   0.8767   0.1017   0.0385   0.7516   0.1925   0.3140  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3021   0.2637   0.3504   0.6919   0.0716   0.7181   0.6661  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1206   0.0908   0.6051   0.7380   0.1976   0.0546   0.5388  
Two or More Races 0.2305   0.4388   0.1688   0.7926   0.9710   0.0239   0.4402  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1632   0.1359   0.4826   0.0477   0.1845   0.0417   0.4839  
130626
Table 2.3C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 75 70 73 67 32 32 68 70 35 32 49 48 14 12
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 32 29 32 28 13 14 28 30 14 14 20 23 4 4
Midwest 30 28 28 27 14 11 27 26 10 11 16 17 6 3
South 42 44 41 41 20 22 41 41 22 20 29 29 10 9
West 43 38 42 38 16 16 41 42 20 17 29 28 7 4
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 62 64 60 62 23 24 58 66 28 25 39 41 12 9
Small Metro 46 45 44 41 19 19 42 40 15 16 27 27 7 7
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 41 34 39 33 18 14 36 33 11 13 25 21 6 6
< 250K Pop. 23 30 22 26 8 14 21 25 10 10 12 17 3 4
Nonmetro 31 27 28 24 14 12 29 28 14 15 17 17 4 3
Urbanized 23 20 21 19 10 9 22 21 11 14 14 13 3 2
Less Urbanized 18 18 17 16 8 8 19 17 7 6 9 11 3 1
Completely Rural 8 6 8 5 4 4 7 8 3 2 5 3 0 1
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 39 42 37 38 21 22 41 44 18 18 28 30 8 8
100-199% 38 38 36 35 16 16 38 37 14 14 23 24 8 7
200% or More 61 55 59 53 19 19 54 58 27 24 35 33 8 5
130626
Table 2.3D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.31 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.20 0.06 0.05
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 0.76 0.70 0.75 0.66 0.31 0.33 0.66 0.71 0.32 0.34 0.46 0.54 0.10 0.09
Midwest 0.56 0.52 0.52 0.50 0.26 0.20 0.50 0.49 0.19 0.21 0.31 0.32 0.11 0.06
South 0.46 0.48 0.45 0.44 0.22 0.24 0.45 0.45 0.24 0.22 0.32 0.31 0.11 0.10
West 0.73 0.65 0.71 0.64 0.27 0.28 0.70 0.73 0.34 0.29 0.50 0.48 0.11 0.07
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 0.46 0.42 0.45 0.40 0.18 0.18 0.41 0.43 0.21 0.19 0.29 0.29 0.09 0.06
Small Metro 0.50 0.54 0.48 0.50 0.24 0.26 0.47 0.49 0.19 0.21 0.33 0.35 0.09 0.10
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.63 0.60 0.61 0.57 0.31 0.27 0.57 0.58 0.21 0.25 0.43 0.40 0.12 0.12
< 250K Pop. 0.81 1.07 0.78 0.98 0.32 0.56 0.76 0.94 0.42 0.41 0.48 0.68 0.14 0.16
Nonmetro 0.72 0.63 0.64 0.57 0.36 0.32 0.65 0.64 0.34 0.37 0.43 0.42 0.11 0.07
Urbanized 1.19 0.96 1.05 0.92 0.58 0.48 1.00 1.05 0.62 0.68 0.74 0.69 0.19 0.12
Less Urbanized 0.92 0.93 0.88 0.79 0.46 0.45 0.94 0.87 0.36 0.38 0.52 0.59 0.15 0.05
Completely Rural 2.01 1.34 1.89 1.24 1.14 0.93 1.45 1.55 0.91 0.49 1.28 0.64 0.14 0.35
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 0.70 0.68 0.67 0.62 0.39 0.39 0.71 0.67 0.34 0.31 0.53 0.50 0.15 0.14
100-199% 0.61 0.69 0.59 0.64 0.28 0.31 0.61 0.68 0.25 0.27 0.40 0.45 0.15 0.13
200% or More 0.39 0.35 0.38 0.34 0.14 0.14 0.35 0.37 0.19 0.17 0.24 0.23 0.06 0.04
130626
Table 2.3P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.9796   0.9847   0.7518   0.0125   0.8492   0.2690   0.2789  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 0.4766   0.6030   0.2861   0.3040   0.5105   0.4397   0.6084  
Midwest 0.3685   0.6769   0.2650   0.7293   0.1180   0.4741   0.2942  
South 0.0500   0.1203   0.4233   0.0401   0.8058   0.4263   0.9375  
West 0.4099   0.3347   0.9091   0.2452   0.4708   0.9273   0.2959  
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 0.6025   0.7437   0.6130   0.0067   0.4217   0.3184   0.3574  
Small Metro 0.8371   0.7239   0.6157   0.0710   0.5215   0.5179   0.8233  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.1023   0.1217   0.0892   0.4404   0.1308   0.8221   0.9087  
< 250K Pop. 0.0484   0.0956   0.1182   0.0370   0.4089   0.1202   0.5088  
Nonmetro 0.4313   0.8003   0.3349   0.0922   0.2767   0.9061   0.0858  
Urbanized 0.6885   0.7998   0.9678   0.6774   0.3333   0.9361   0.1864  
Less Urbanized 0.7991   0.8029   0.1870   0.0713   0.3841   0.7124   0.0898  
Completely Rural 0.2327   0.4755   0.4393   0.3092   0.4343   0.2484   0.4354  
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 0.3658   0.6407   0.9526   0.2748   0.6371   0.2570   0.8495  
100-199% 0.5465   0.7669   0.5857   0.2050   0.9428   0.7936   0.7270  
200% or More 0.7728   0.8427   0.7640   0.0971   0.8882   0.7020   0.1266  
130626
Table 2.4C – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Service1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 75 70 73 67 32 32 68 70 35 32 49 48
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 34 33 31 32 18 18 20 21 12 15 19 18
Felt Depressed 51 50 49 48 18 19 37 38 20 22 27 30
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 35 33 34 31 13 12 26 26 13 13 20 18
Had Eating Problems 22 20 19 20 12 7 12 16 11 14 11 10
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 11 11 11 11 1 3 2 2 5 4 1 2
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 35 35 33 34 16 14 28 29 13 12 17 19
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 29 30 29 30 8 9 18 25 8 11 10 16
Got into Physical Fights 15 15 14 15 6 5 15 12 4 4 6 6
Had Problems with Home/Family 39 38 38 37 12 9 25 28 7 10 16 16
Had Problems with Friends 25 25 25 25 5 5 27 30 6 8 13 16
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 20 22 20 22 6 6 19 23 5 6 8 12
Had Problems at School 32 33 30 33 10 8 31 34 8 10 15 20
Some Other Reason10 21 22 20 21 6 8 18 17 14 11 8 8
130626
Table 2.4D – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Service1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 0.31 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.20 0.20
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 1.04 1.03 1.02 1.05 3.06 3.15 0.94 0.86 2.11 2.39 1.57 1.42
Felt Depressed 1.33 1.19 1.36 1.22 3.17 3.20 1.42 1.37 2.98 2.76 1.92 1.96
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 1.10 1.09 1.12 1.11 2.62 2.51 1.13 1.05 2.22 2.22 1.61 1.41
Had Eating Problems 0.78 0.67 0.72 0.69 2.57 1.61 0.59 0.70 1.92 2.35 0.94 0.79
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 0.42 0.40 0.44 0.40 0.17 0.67 0.09 0.07 0.93 0.77 0.13 0.20
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 1.13 1.07 1.13 1.10 2.96 2.83 1.19 1.14 2.31 2.02 1.42 1.41
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 0.97 0.96 1.01 0.98 1.81 2.17 0.84 1.01 1.56 1.90 0.89 1.22
Got into Physical Fights 0.56 0.54 0.54 0.54 1.46 1.16 0.70 0.52 0.81 0.68 0.50 0.53
Had Problems with Home/Family 1.18 1.09 1.21 1.12 2.50 2.07 1.14 1.07 1.30 1.77 1.37 1.20
Had Problems with Friends 0.87 0.87 0.90 0.91 1.10 1.17 1.23 1.17 1.17 1.39 1.16 1.27
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 0.70 0.77 0.71 0.78 1.32 1.45 0.88 0.93 0.86 1.15 0.73 0.97
Had Problems at School 1.04 1.06 1.04 1.08 2.18 1.95 1.30 1.24 1.58 1.71 1.27 1.48
Some Other Reason10 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75 1.45 1.94 0.85 0.70 2.51 1.83 0.73 0.67
130626
Table 2.4P – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Service1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 0.9796   0.9847   0.7518   0.0125   0.8492   0.2690  
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 0.3997   0.4572   0.3371   0.4696   0.6391   0.5752  
Felt Depressed 0.0561   0.0578   0.0532   0.7340   0.0909   0.1323  
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 0.6892   0.5759   0.4770   0.4544   0.7243   0.1715  
Had Eating Problems 0.5685   0.2539   0.8144   0.2717   0.0306   0.6551  
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 0.5022   0.7401   0.0361   0.4104   0.9333   0.3616  
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 0.9051   0.7282   0.5089   0.9694   0.1264   0.7848  
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 0.1687   0.2866   0.0524   0.3136   0.9626   0.2662  
Got into Physical Fights 0.8411   0.6925   0.9111   0.2004   0.9727   0.8665  
Had Problems with Home/Family 0.7344   0.5756   0.4324   0.9231   0.2352   0.5764  
Had Problems with Friends 0.9889   0.9864   0.2158   0.9114   0.0848   0.0593  
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 0.1546   0.1973   0.1822   0.5222   0.3110   0.0541  
Had Problems at School 0.3251   0.2738   0.4314   0.8457   0.5565   0.0444  
Some Other Reason10 0.2083   0.2424   0.1020   0.3125   0.8399   0.8262  
130626
Table 2.5C – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 33 33 28 26 34 39 36 35 30 27
Outpatient 30 28 27 25 34 40 35 33 28 25
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
31 28 25 25 33 38 32 30 22 19
Mental Health Clinic or Center 18 17 12 12 13 15 12 12 8 11
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 13 14 11 9 10 11 9 13 7 6
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 18 17 15 17 18 18 20 16 10 10
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 16 19 10 12 12 11 15 13 11 8
Hospital 18 20 8 11 9 11 12 11 5 6
Residential Treatment Center 12 11 6 7 8 9 10 10 7 6
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home * * 5 * 3 * 3 * * *
130626
Table 2.5D – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 1.05 1.04 0.92 0.87 1.06 1.13 1.08 1.06 0.99 0.88
Outpatient 1.06 1.00 0.95 0.90 1.15 1.22 1.13 1.08 1.02 0.89
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
1.23 1.11 1.03 1.00 1.25 1.32 1.23 1.15 0.94 0.81
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.78 2.47 2.24 1.97 2.22 2.29 2.15 1.92 1.55 1.77
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 3.17 2.95 2.72 2.16 2.51 2.58 2.42 2.95 1.91 1.41
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 2.28 2.24 1.92 2.09 2.27 2.18 2.43 1.95 1.39 1.37
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 2.63 2.74 1.86 2.22 2.13 2.00 2.44 2.30 2.08 1.54
Hospital 3.19 3.19 1.88 2.33 2.13 2.35 2.71 2.24 1.34 1.26
Residential Treatment Center 4.39 4.10 2.73 3.02 3.30 3.55 3.99 3.68 2.89 2.39
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home * * 4.03 * 2.90 * 2.89 * * *
130626
Table 2.5P – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.9789   0.5109   0.0209   0.2051   0.5735  
Outpatient 0.4870   0.3031   0.0030   0.1755   0.7637  
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
0.2316   0.4384   0.0280   0.2812   0.3476  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.4552   0.4540   0.7841   0.9719   0.8030  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.9678   0.0973   0.5212   0.1040   0.2796  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 0.3430   0.0653   0.1308   0.0131   0.5602  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 0.3223   0.6324   1.0000   0.6853   0.1264  
Hospital 0.6580   0.7162   0.3277   0.1951   0.3415  
Residential Treatment Center 0.3720   0.5108   0.5055   0.6183   0.3984  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home *   *   *   *   *  
130502
Table 2.6C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 58 63 47 53 37 38 33 34
12 13 17 11 13 * 9 * *
13 20 24 16 21 10 12 9 10
14 26 25 21 21 15 14 15 12
15 27 30 22 25 15 19 13 16
16 32 28 26 24 20 18 18 16
17 30 29 25 24 18 17 15 15
MALE 32 32 26 25 20 16 17 14
12 6 9 5 4 * * * *
13 8 9 7 8 * * * *
14 15 12 13 11 * * * *
15 16 17 14 14 * 7 * *
16 16 14 14 11 * 8 * *
17 16 16 13 12 9 7 * *
FEMALE 49 51 37 45 32 33 27 30
12 12 14 9 12 * * * *
13 18 22 14 20 9 11 8 9
14 20 22 16 18 13 12 12 10
15 22 25 17 21 13 17 10 15
16 27 24 21 21 17 16 15 14
17 25 23 21 20 16 16 13 14
130502
Table 2.6D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.24 0.26 0.19 0.22 1.47 1.34 1.79 1.66
12 0.35 0.43 0.29 0.34 * 5.28 * *
13 0.47 0.58 0.38 0.53 4.26 3.69 4.95 4.43
14 0.60 0.59 0.49 0.49 3.82 3.38 4.59 4.15
15 0.62 0.68 0.52 0.58 3.14 3.04 4.13 3.68
16 0.68 0.65 0.57 0.55 3.09 2.73 3.66 3.35
17 0.67 0.65 0.56 0.54 3.09 3.02 3.69 3.71
MALE 0.26 0.25 0.21 0.20 2.80 2.35 3.37 3.24
12 0.32 0.43 0.28 0.22 * * * *
13 0.37 0.47 0.33 0.40 * * * *
14 0.70 0.57 0.59 0.51 * * * *
15 0.72 0.74 0.62 0.63 * 4.70 * *
16 0.71 0.64 0.61 0.50 * 5.30 * *
17 0.75 0.71 0.61 0.54 5.21 4.68 * *
FEMALE 0.41 0.43 0.31 0.38 1.74 1.61 2.07 1.96
12 0.63 0.73 0.52 0.65 * * * *
13 0.88 1.06 0.70 0.96 4.92 4.12 5.77 4.88
14 0.98 1.03 0.81 0.85 4.46 3.91 5.34 4.82
15 1.00 1.14 0.80 1.01 4.08 3.66 4.82 4.35
16 1.11 1.12 0.93 0.96 3.46 3.24 4.12 3.87
17 1.10 1.03 0.94 0.92 3.64 3.71 4.31 4.37
130502
Table 2.6P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.0179   0.0230   0.4957   0.3387  
12 0.1727   0.6766   *   *  
13 0.0095   0.0198   0.5902   0.2445  
14 0.2625   0.5523   0.5499   0.1578  
15 0.0117   0.0069   0.5050   0.2781  
16 0.8586   0.9675   0.6773   0.9775  
17 0.6325   0.8477   0.5202   0.9830  
MALE 0.7419   0.4973   0.0536   0.5192  
12 0.2500   0.6797   *   *  
13 0.6173   0.7555   *   *  
14 0.7606   0.7045   *   *  
15 0.6694   0.7257   *   *  
16 0.9785   0.4876   *   *  
17 0.8438   0.5423   0.4271   *  
FEMALE 0.0073   0.0013   0.8345   0.3423  
12 0.2934   0.4536   *   *  
13 0.0120   0.0187   0.8728   0.3142  
14 0.1450   0.3536   0.3330   0.0947  
15 0.0041   0.0017   0.1630   0.0863  
16 0.8777   0.5878   0.3374   0.8357  
17 0.6604   0.8636   0.7570   0.8812  
130502
Table 2.7C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 58 63 47 53 37 38 33 34
Not Hispanic or Latino 50 53 41 44 34 33 30 29
White 46 48 35 40 28 28 25 26
Black or African American 22 23 20 16 13 14 13 10
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 3 5 2 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 17 12 14 9 * * * *
Two or More Races 12 12 9 12 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 32 33 24 29 15 18 15 17
130502
Table 2.7D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.24 0.26 0.19 0.22 1.47 1.34 1.79 1.66
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.26 0.28 0.21 0.23 1.65 1.54 1.97 1.86
White 0.31 0.33 0.24 0.28 1.84 1.73 2.23 2.12
Black or African American 0.59 0.60 0.55 0.46 4.30 4.06 5.03 4.76
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.68 2.15 3.56 1.31 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.33 0.98 1.10 0.80 * * * *
Two or More Races 1.60 1.59 1.23 1.56 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 0.61 0.61 0.46 0.54 3.16 2.72 4.36 3.42
130502
Table 2.7P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.0179   0.0230   0.4957   0.3387  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3413   0.4586   0.4591   0.6507  
White 0.2206   0.0676   0.7758   0.5864  
Black or African American 0.2529   0.4353   0.1923   0.1468  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1421   0.0524   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0520   0.0749   *   *  
Two or More Races 0.7723   0.6667   *   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0046   0.0036   0.7454   0.4908  
130502
Table 2.8C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 58 63 47 53 37 38 33 34
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 21 20 17 17 14 13 13 12
Midwest 24 24 19 21 17 16 14 14
South 33 41 28 33 23 24 20 22
West 38 35 29 30 19 21 18 18
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 50 51 40 42 28 30 25 26
Small Metro 34 34 25 28 20 18 16 16
Nonmetro 23 28 19 22 14 15 13 14
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 30 35 25 28 17 21 15 18
100-199% 30 30 24 25 18 17 15 16
200% or More 48 47 38 41 27 26 24 24
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 48 48 39 41 28 27 25 24
Medicaid/CHIP5 40 41 32 34 22 24 20 20
Other6 16 16 12 14 * * * *
No Coverage 19 18 14 15 * 8 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 35 31 26 25 18 18 15 16
Very Good 39 40 32 34 25 22 22 19
Good 30 34 25 29 19 22 17 19
Fair/Poor 14 17 12 15 9 11 * *
130502
Table 2.8D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.24 0.26 0.19 0.22 1.47 1.34 1.79 1.66
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.51 0.47 0.40 0.41 3.74 3.09 4.10 3.85
Midwest 0.45 0.45 0.37 0.39 2.71 2.52 3.18 2.94
South 0.37 0.45 0.31 0.37 2.66 2.34 3.12 2.94
West 0.64 0.60 0.50 0.52 2.92 2.92 3.92 3.61
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.35 0.36 0.28 0.30 2.07 1.90 2.58 2.36
Small Metro 0.42 0.44 0.31 0.37 2.52 2.20 2.87 2.77
Nonmetro 0.56 0.64 0.47 0.53 3.80 3.47 4.66 4.45
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 0.55 0.57 0.47 0.48 3.17 2.91 3.75 3.72
100-199% 0.49 0.54 0.41 0.46 2.92 2.94 3.45 3.62
200% or More 0.31 0.32 0.26 0.28 2.07 1.69 2.51 2.10
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.29 0.32 0.24 0.27 1.92 1.73 2.32 2.16
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.46 0.46 0.39 0.40 2.50 2.37 3.02 2.81
Other6 1.22 1.34 0.98 1.17 * * * *
No Coverage 1.07 1.04 0.81 0.90 * 4.61 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.40 0.35 0.29 0.29 3.02 2.83 3.65 3.51
Very Good 0.36 0.38 0.30 0.32 2.22 2.01 2.73 2.43
Good 0.57 0.64 0.51 0.58 3.02 2.75 3.47 3.23
Fair/Poor 1.50 1.83 1.29 1.58 5.65 5.35 * *
130502
Table 2.8P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
(2012)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2012)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.0179   0.0230   0.4957   0.3387  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.5441   1.0000   0.5086   0.4594  
Midwest 0.7750   0.2516   0.5712   0.5118  
South 0.0102   0.0453   0.3923   0.5416  
West 0.4777   0.3406   0.4679   0.9850  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.2066   0.3468   0.8915   0.8179  
Small Metro 0.1706   0.0523   0.6504   0.3437  
Nonmetro 0.0831   0.1583   0.3399   0.3750  
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 0.0081   0.2962   0.6137   0.4872  
100-199% 0.8909   0.9805   0.4259   0.7047  
200% or More 0.1634   0.0191   0.9408   0.5355  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.0377   0.0280   0.3742   0.1627  
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.2004   0.7583   0.3565   0.3358  
Other6 0.3923   0.1940   *   *  
No Coverage 0.8362   0.6678   *   *  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.6734   0.4739   0.7723   0.8347  
Very Good 0.3640   0.2123   0.1326   0.0883  
Good 0.0153   0.1992   0.9047   0.7056  
Fair/Poor 0.0835   0.0950   0.8953   *  
130626
Table 2.9C – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Substance Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 93 83 38 36 94 90
Marijuana and Hashish 83 75 32 31 81 79
Cocaine 20 19 9 10 16 17
Crack 7 8 5 3 5 7
Heroin 11 9 4 4 9 8
Hallucinogens 35 32 14 15 31 27
LSD 18 16 7 8 14 13
PCP 7 11 5 3 6 10
Ecstasy 29 23 12 12 25 19
Inhalants 40 34 17 16 35 31
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 53 53 24 23 50 50
Pain Relievers 48 47 22 21 45 45
OxyContin® 18 17 10 8 16 15
Tranquilizers 31 31 14 15 28 27
Stimulants4 23 23 11 11 19 20
Methamphetamine4 16 12 7 6 13 9
Sedatives 12 11 5 7 11 9
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 65 64 30 28 64 63
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 28 25 11 9 25 23
Heavy Alcohol Use6 25 25 8 10 23 22
130626
Table 2.9D – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Substance Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.37 0.33 1.51 1.28 0.38 0.35
Marijuana and Hashish 0.33 0.30 1.37 1.18 0.34 0.31
Cocaine 0.08 0.08 0.45 0.44 0.07 0.07
Crack 0.03 0.03 0.23 0.15 0.02 0.03
Heroin 0.05 0.04 0.19 0.19 0.04 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.14 0.13 0.68 0.68 0.13 0.12
LSD 0.07 0.07 0.33 0.35 0.06 0.06
PCP 0.03 0.04 0.24 0.12 0.02 0.05
Ecstasy 0.12 0.09 0.58 0.54 0.11 0.09
Inhalants 0.16 0.14 0.80 0.69 0.15 0.14
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.21 0.21 1.09 0.96 0.21 0.21
Pain Relievers 0.19 0.19 1.02 0.88 0.19 0.19
OxyContin® 0.07 0.07 0.48 0.36 0.07 0.07
Tranquilizers 0.12 0.13 0.70 0.64 0.12 0.12
Stimulants4 0.09 0.09 0.55 0.49 0.08 0.09
Methamphetamine4 0.06 0.05 0.37 0.25 0.06 0.04
Sedatives 0.05 0.05 0.26 0.31 0.05 0.04
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.26 0.26 1.29 1.09 0.26 0.26
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.11 0.10 0.53 0.41 0.11 0.10
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.10 0.10 0.41 0.43 0.10 0.10
130626
Table 2.9P – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Substance Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.0423   0.3254   0.0368  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1093   0.4919   0.0683  
Cocaine 0.0658   0.6214   0.0677  
Crack 0.2752   0.4251   0.4104  
Heroin 0.1301   0.8424   0.1800  
Hallucinogens 0.0511   0.5917   0.0055  
LSD 0.7848   0.5110   0.7710  
PCP 0.4936   0.5430   0.3666  
Ecstasy 0.0005   0.4607   0.0001  
Inhalants 0.0011   0.0955   0.0034  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.1606   0.5784   0.0993  
Pain Relievers 0.0251   0.2986   0.0203  
OxyContin® 0.1875   0.2381   0.2431  
Tranquilizers 0.6277   0.6510   0.3780  
Stimulants4 0.4204   0.7933   0.4640  
Methamphetamine4 0.2272   0.3495   0.1707  
Sedatives 0.8751   0.6129   0.3564  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.0050   0.1899   0.0063  
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.0384   0.0542   0.0771  
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.1412   0.7244   0.1187  
130626
Table 2.10C – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
DEPENDENCE            
Illicit Drugs2 37 32 17 16 32 29
Marijuana 32 29 13 14 28 27
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 20 15 13 10 15 12
Alcohol 26 25 12 13 23 21
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 14 12 9 7 11 10
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 43 39 19 19 39 35
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE            
Illicit Drugs2 47 45 21 21 43 41
Marijuana 41 41 16 18 38 38
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 29 24 16 14 24 19
Alcohol 45 40 21 19 40 36
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 30 25 14 13 26 21
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 58 55 27 25 54 51
130626
Table 2.10D – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
DEPENDENCE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.15 0.13 0.81 0.69 0.14 0.13
Marijuana 0.13 0.12 0.63 0.60 0.12 0.12
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.08 0.06 0.65 0.44 0.07 0.05
Alcohol 0.10 0.10 0.57 0.58 0.10 0.09
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 0.06 0.05 0.43 0.32 0.05 0.04
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 0.17 0.15 0.91 0.82 0.17 0.15
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.19 0.18 0.97 0.87 0.19 0.18
Marijuana 0.16 0.16 0.76 0.79 0.17 0.16
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.12 0.09 0.78 0.60 0.11 0.09
Alcohol 0.18 0.16 1.00 0.80 0.17 0.16
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 0.12 0.10 0.69 0.56 0.11 0.10
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 0.23 0.22 1.21 1.01 0.23 0.22
130626
Table 2.10P – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2011)
Total1
(2012)
MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
No MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
DEPENDENCE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.0067   0.3054   0.0128  
Marijuana 0.0832   0.9670   0.0722  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.0023   0.0236   0.0409  
Alcohol 0.1669   0.9466   0.1029  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 0.1321   0.4878   0.1176  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 0.0084   0.6022   0.0097  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.0158   0.3778   0.0151  
Marijuana 0.2122   0.4837   0.0900  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.0005   0.0238   0.0039  
Alcohol 0.1403   0.1491   0.2612  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 0.1784   0.4100   0.2586  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2 0.0134   0.1519   0.0194  
130502
Table 2.11C – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2011)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a professional about depression in the past year, including those whose response to type of professional seen was unknown.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL3 36 36 32 32
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 34 35 30 32
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 16 17 14 16
Other Medical Doctor4 6 7 6 6
Psychologist 21 20 20 18
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 17 20 15 17
Social Worker 15 14 13 13
Counselor 27 27 25 25
Other Mental Health Professional5 11 13 11 12
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 11 8 11 6
ALTERNATIVE SERVICE PROFESSIONAL 16 14 14 13
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 16 13 14 12
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 4 6 3 5
OTHER PROFESSIONAL7 3 6 3 5
130502
Table 2.11D – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2011)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a professional about depression in the past year, including those whose response to type of professional seen was unknown.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 1.34 0.74 1.56 0.88
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 2.02 2.02 2.24 2.34
Other Medical Doctor4 0.87 0.96 1.01 1.07
Psychologist 2.41 2.16 2.74 2.47
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2.12 2.19 2.37 2.43
Social Worker 1.95 1.71 2.15 1.99
Counselor 2.43 2.38 2.78 2.64
Other Mental Health Professional5 1.49 1.56 1.89 1.91
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 1.57 1.03 1.82 1.08
ALTERNATIVE SERVICE PROFESSIONAL 2.01 1.70 2.26 1.99
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 1.99 1.61 2.23 1.87
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 0.56 0.74 0.59 0.83
OTHER PROFESSIONAL7 0.45 0.74 0.47 0.93
130502
Table 2.11P – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Professional about Depression in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2011)
MDE
(2012)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2011)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment. Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a professional about depression in the past year, including those whose response to type of professional seen was unknown.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL3 N/A   N/A  
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 0.0621   0.1278  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 0.8243   0.9168  
Other Medical Doctor4 0.3877   0.3553  
Psychologist 0.7331   0.9282  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 0.4443   0.3734  
Social Worker 0.5293   0.8100  
Counselor 0.3461   0.5689  
Other Mental Health Professional5 0.8003   0.8849  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 0.1743   0.1540  
ALTERNATIVE SERVICE PROFESSIONAL 0.0922   0.6363  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 0.0592   0.4217  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 0.3224   0.2398  
OTHER PROFESSIONAL7 0.1883   0.1246  
130502
Table 2.12C – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2012)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2011)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
NOTE: Health Professionals include general practitioner or family doctor; other medical doctor (e.g., cardiologist, gynecologist, urologist); psychologist; psychiatrist or psychotherapist; social worker; counselor; other mental health professional (e.g., mental health nurse or other therapist where type is not specified); and nurse, occupational therapist, or other health professional.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 35 37 26 27 10 9 21 23
GENDER                
Male 20 16 14 12 8 5 11 9
Female 31 33 22 25 6 7 19 20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 32 32 22 23 10 8 20 21
White 26 28 17 18 9 7 17 19
Black or African American 13 14 10 12 4 3 8 5
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 15 18 14 15 2 4 8 9
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 17 21 12 15 4 5 11 13
100-199% 18 17 13 12 6 3 10 11
200% or More 25 26 19 20 7 7 15 16
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 26 27 18 20 9 6 18 17
Medicaid/CHIP3 22 23 17 18 5 6 13 13
Other4 * * 5 5 * 4 * 6
No Coverage * 8 * 8 * 1 3 2
130502
Table 2.12D – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2012)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2011)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
NOTE: Health Professionals include general practitioner or family doctor; other medical doctor (e.g., cardiologist, gynecologist, urologist); psychologist; psychiatrist or psychotherapist; social worker; counselor; other mental health professional (e.g., mental health nurse or other therapist where type is not specified); and nurse, occupational therapist, or other health professional.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 1.45 1.35 1.20 1.10 0.50 0.40 0.97 0.97
GENDER                
Male 2.80 2.35 2.19 1.87 1.38 0.84 1.77 1.45
Female 1.71 1.61 1.40 1.34 0.43 0.44 1.18 1.18
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.62 1.55 1.25 1.23 0.62 0.48 1.13 1.16
White 1.79 1.76 1.33 1.33 0.74 0.57 1.35 1.42
Black or African American 4.25 4.06 3.82 3.76 1.65 1.10 3.03 1.84
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 3.19 2.72 3.13 2.40 0.53 0.71 1.91 1.53
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 3.17 2.91 2.63 2.39 0.97 0.83 2.32 2.21
100-199% 2.91 2.95 2.41 2.40 1.17 0.69 1.95 2.26
200% or More 2.00 1.71 1.60 1.47 0.66 0.55 1.32 1.24
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 1.89 1.73 1.47 1.41 0.79 0.48 1.42 1.30
Medicaid/CHIP3 2.49 2.37 2.06 1.98 0.67 0.74 1.71 1.59
Other4 * * 4.38 4.20 * 2.88 * 4.41
No Coverage * 4.61 * 4.54 * 0.97 2.17 1.05
130502
Table 2.12P – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2011
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2012)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2011)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2012)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
NOTE: Health Professionals include general practitioner or family doctor; other medical doctor (e.g., cardiologist, gynecologist, urologist); psychologist; psychiatrist or psychotherapist; social worker; counselor; other mental health professional (e.g., mental health nurse or other therapist where type is not specified); and nurse, occupational therapist, or other health professional.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 0.9030   0.8706   0.7063   0.9082  
GENDER                
Male 0.0943   0.2439   0.4258   0.5239  
Female 0.4706   0.6862   0.7715   0.6968  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8468   0.5543   0.5273   0.5274  
White 0.7182   0.9549   0.5425   0.4513  
Black or African American 0.2502   0.9482   0.6730   0.1243  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian *   *   *   *  
Two or More Races *   *   *   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6536   0.6158   0.3191   0.6742  
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 0.6373   0.7156   0.7344   0.6854  
100-199% 0.4339   0.7083   0.3533   0.8122  
200% or More 0.5101   0.7757   0.9013   0.5191  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 0.8610   0.9092   0.1592   0.7807  
Medicaid/CHIP3 0.4466   0.6065   0.4841   0.4041  
Other4 *   0.9825   *   *  
No Coverage *   *   *   0.1516  
130508
Table 2.13C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2012
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2012.
TOTAL 62 63 60 63 60 59 57 58 63
AGE                  
12-13 29 27 27 25 27 26 25 24 29
14-15 37 40 34 36 37 39 34 38 40
16-17 48 42 45 44 44 41 41 45 42
GENDER                  
Male 32 32 32 33 30 32 30 32 32
Female 51 52 50 51 50 46 45 49 51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                  
Not Hispanic or Latino 56 56 51 57 54 53 51 50 53
White 53 53 45 53 49 48 49 46 48
Black or African American 26 27 22 26 25 27 22 22 23
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 3 2 5 3 2 5 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1 * *
Asian 17 12 21 15 19 14 12 17 12
Two or More Races 10 7 12 7 10 6 9 12 12
Hispanic or Latino 28 29 29 26 27 26 27 32 33
130508
Table 2.13D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2004-2012
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2012.
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.26
AGE                  
12-13 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.32 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.30 0.36
14-15 0.42 0.44 0.38 0.41 0.42 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.45
16-17 0.54 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.48 0.48
GENDER                  
Male 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.24 0.26 0.25 0.26 0.25
Female 0.42 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.42 0.39 0.39 0.41 0.43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.28
White 0.31 0.32 0.27 0.33 0.31 0.31 0.33 0.31 0.33
Black or African American 0.63 0.64 0.52 0.63 0.62 0.71 0.59 0.59 0.60
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.03 1.44 2.44 1.60 2.89 2.03 1.77 3.68 2.15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1.07 * *
Asian 1.64 1.17 1.98 1.42 1.80 1.39 1.11 1.33 0.98
Two or More Races 2.15 1.62 2.54 1.59 1.84 1.24 1.69 1.60 1.59
Hispanic or Latino 0.67 0.68 0.65 0.58 0.58 0.56 0.56 0.61 0.61
130508
Table 2.13P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2004-2011
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates used in the comparisons may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2012.
TOTAL 0.7457 0.4233 0.0005 0.0082 0.0376 0.0078 0.0018 0.0179  
AGE                  
12-13 0.9323 0.6786 0.3080 0.0153 0.3116 0.0855 0.0228 0.0062  
14-15 0.0870 0.2361 0.0001 0.0040 0.0043 0.0305 0.0507 0.0101  
16-17 0.1940 0.7718 0.3204 0.8321 0.7940 0.1782 0.2389 0.6410  
GENDER                  
Male 0.3090 0.5967 0.2121 0.9277 0.3433 0.9387 0.4462 0.7419  
Female 0.2875 0.5199 0.0009 0.0020 0.0528 0.0007 0.0011 0.0073  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4805 0.8795 0.0373 0.4644 0.6877 0.2611 0.1119 0.3413  
White 0.8160 0.9860 0.0213 0.3365 0.4558 0.0986 0.2171 0.2206  
Black or African American 0.8383 0.7750 0.0635 0.8940 0.3608 0.9755 0.1934 0.2529  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3766 0.7383 0.2142 0.8440 0.1794 0.4314 0.4205 0.1421  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *  
Asian 0.0317 0.2390 0.1137 0.1614 0.0907 0.0544 0.3715 0.0520  
Two or More Races 0.8919 0.7236 0.5738 0.5356 0.7767 0.1004 0.4004 0.7723  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1073 0.1250 0.0030 0.0000 0.0005 0.0007 0.0011 0.0046  
130508
Table 2.14C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2012
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 70 71 79 76 74 77 72 74 73 75 70
Outpatient 67 68 75 73 72 72 70 70 68 73 67
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
63 61 64 66 65 67 68 65 63 67 65
Mental Health Clinic or Center 35 31 38 34 33 30 33 32 32 30 31
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 27 25 28 29 31 28 26 24 26 26 25
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 33 32 40 36 37 37 36 35 34 39 38
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 33 35 38 37 38 34 33 32 32 32 32
Hospital 28 31 32 30 33 31 28 28 28 28 29
Residential Treatment Center 20 23 24 22 20 17 19 20 19 22 20
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 15 19 18 17 17 13 14 13 14 18 13
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 73 70 68 70
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 63 64 61 63
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 43 42 46 47
MEDICAL                      
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 33 37 36 42 35 35 36 34 33 35 32
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 47 47 49 48
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                      
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14 12 14 12
130508
Table 2.14D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2012
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.29 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.28
Outpatient 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.30 0.27
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.13
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.10
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 0.13 0.13 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.15
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13
Hospital 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.12
Residential Treatment Center 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.05
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.29
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.26 0.27 0.25 0.26
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.19
MEDICAL                      
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.13
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.20
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                      
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05
130508
Table 2.14P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2012 Versus 2002-2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates used in the comparisons may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2012.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.0524 0.5884 0.0607 0.0553 0.3742 0.5996 0.7914 0.1197 0.2712 0.9796  
Outpatient 0.0691 0.4875 0.1874 0.1312 0.7529 0.3559 0.9710 0.1044 0.1411 0.9847  
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor
0.0689 0.3100 0.4831 0.2851 0.5729 0.3256 0.8741 0.2687 0.2541 0.8737  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.9549 0.6161 0.0461 0.4342 0.4428 0.4233 0.3574 0.1374 0.2738 0.1532  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.7555 0.8307 0.9421 0.7781 0.4273 0.5935 0.1213 0.0163 0.1070 0.2948  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 0.1112 0.0134 0.6706 0.2657 0.1809 0.1451 0.2615 0.0405 0.1012 0.8730  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 0.9547 0.4768 0.0291 0.0498 0.1642 0.4738 0.6743 0.8235 0.7638 0.7518  
Hospital 0.3363 0.9716 0.2833 0.1629 0.3005 0.3298 0.8701 0.6713 0.9001 0.5444  
Residential Treatment Center 0.6580 0.8255 0.0625 0.6524 0.5238 0.1232 0.1476 0.4168 0.5795 0.9350  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.0022 0.0003 0.0070 0.0253 0.1393 0.3788 0.2333 0.9119 0.4237 0.0446  
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.0585 0.1861 0.0125  
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.3862 0.1864 0.0198  
Special School or Program within a Regular School for Students
   with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.0165 0.3337 0.2219  
MEDICAL                      
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.5113 0.0412 0.0000 0.0011 0.2705 0.2488 0.0944 0.7455 0.7917 0.8492  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.0290 0.2490 0.2690  
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                      
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.1288 0.9375 0.2789  

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