2007 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  National Results

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Appendix G: Selected Prevalence Tables

80418 (8.1A)
Table G.1 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255b 110,205b 110,057b 112,085 111,774 114,275
Marijuana and Hashish 94,946b 96,611b 96,772b 97,545a 97,825a 100,518
Cocaine 33,910a 34,891 34,153 33,673a 35,298 35,882
Crack 8,402 7,949 7,840 7,928 8,554 8,581
Heroin 3,668 3,744 3,145a 3,534 3,785 3,780
Hallucinogens 34,314 34,363 34,333 33,728 35,281 34,215
LSD 24,516a 24,424a 23,398 22,433 23,346 22,656
PCP 7,418b 7,107a 6,762 6,603 6,618 6,140
Ecstasy 10,150b 10,904b 11,130b 11,495 12,262 12,426
Inhalants 22,870 22,995 22,798 22,745 22,879 22,477
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 47,958a 49,001 49,157 49,571 50,965 50,415
Pain Relievers 29,611b 31,207a 31,768 32,692 33,472 33,060
OxyContin® 1,924b 2,832b 3,072b 3,481b 4,098 4,354
Tranquilizers 19,267 20,220 19,852 21,041 21,303 20,208
Stimulants3 23,496b 23,004a 22,297 20,983 22,468 21,654
Methamphetamine3 15,365b 15,139b 14,512b 12,663 14,206a 13,065
Sedatives 9,960b 9,510a 9,891b 8,982 8,822 8,396
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 70,300b 71,128a 70,657a 71,822 72,906 73,494
80418 (8.1B)
Table G.2 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0 46.4 45.8 46.1 45.4 46.1
Marijuana and Hashish 40.4 40.6 40.2 40.1 39.8 40.6
Cocaine 14.4 14.7 14.2 13.8 14.3 14.5
Crack 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Hallucinogens 14.6a 14.5 14.3 13.9 14.3 13.8
LSD 10.4b 10.3b 9.7 9.2 9.5 9.1
PCP 3.2b 3.0b 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5
Ecstasy 4.3b 4.6a 4.6a 4.7 5.0 5.0
Inhalants 9.7a 9.7a 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.4 20.6 20.4 20.4 20.7 20.3
Pain Relievers 12.6a 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.3
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.4b 1.7 1.8
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.2
Stimulants3 10.0b 9.7b 9.3 8.6 9.1 8.7
Methamphetamine3 6.5b 6.4b 6.0b 5.2 5.8a 5.3
Sedatives 4.2b 4.0b 4.1b 3.7 3.6 3.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9 29.9 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7
80418 (8.2A)
Table G.3 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132 34,993 34,807 35,041 35,775 35,692
Marijuana and Hashish 25,755 25,231 25,451 25,375 25,378 25,085
Cocaine 5,902 5,908 5,658 5,523 6,069 5,738
Crack 1,554 1,406 1,304 1,381 1,479 1,451
Heroin 404 314 398 379 560a 366
Hallucinogens 4,749b 3,936 3,878 3,809 3,956 3,762
LSD 999b 558 592 563 666 620
PCP 235b 219b 210a 164 187 137
Ecstasy 3,167b 2,119 1,915 1,960 2,130 2,132
Inhalants 2,084 2,075 2,255 2,187 2,218 2,080
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14,795b 15,163a 14,849b 15,346 16,482 16,280
Pain Relievers 10,992b 11,671 11,256b 11,815 12,649 12,466
OxyContin® -- -- 1,213 1,226 1,323 1,422
Tranquilizers 4,849 5,051 5,068 5,249 5,058 5,282
Stimulants3 3,380 3,031 3,254 3,088 3,791b 2,998
Methamphetamine3 1,755a 1,602 1,808b 1,603 1,889b 1,343
Sedatives 981 831 737 750 926 864
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423 20,305 19,658a 20,109 21,254 21,144
80418 (8.2B)
Table G.4 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.4
Marijuana and Hashish 11.0b 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1
Cocaine 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.3
Crack 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Hallucinogens 2.0b 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
LSD 0.4b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 1.3b 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Inhalants 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.7 6.6
Pain Relievers 4.7a 4.9 4.7a 4.9 5.1 5.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Stimulants3 1.4a 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5b 1.2
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7a 0.8b 0.7 0.8b 0.5
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.6 8.5
80418 (8.3A)
Table G.5 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522 19,470 19,071 19,720 20,357 19,857
Marijuana and Hashish 14,584 14,638 14,576 14,626 14,813 14,448
Cocaine 2,020 2,281 2,021 2,397 2,421 2,075
Crack 567 604 467 682 702 610
Heroin 166 119 166 136 338a 153
Hallucinogens 1,196 1,042 929 1,088 1,006 996
LSD 112 133 141 104 130 145
PCP 58 56 49 48 30 41
Ecstasy 676a 470 450 502 528 503
Inhalants 635 570 638 611 761 616
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,287 6,451 6,110a 6,491 7,095 6,895
Pain Relievers 4,377b 4,693 4,404b 4,658 5,220 5,174
OxyContin® -- -- 325 334 276 369
Tranquilizers 1,804 1,830 1,616 1,817 1,766 1,835
Stimulants3 1,303 1,310 1,312 1,188 1,385a 1,053
Methamphetamine3 683 726 706 628 731 529
Sedatives 436 294 265 272 385 346
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,777 8,849 8,247a 8,963 9,615 9,270
80418 (8.3B)
Table G.6 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.0
Marijuana and Hashish 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8
Cocaine 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8
Crack 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.8
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.1 2.1
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.6a 0.6a 0.5a 0.5 0.6a 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.7
80418 (8.6B)
Table G.7 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6b 11.2b 10.6b 9.9 9.8 9.5
Marijuana and Hashish 8.2b 7.9b 7.6b 6.8 6.7 6.7
Cocaine 0.6a 0.6a 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0b 1.0b 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
LSD 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.0b 4.0b 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3
Pain Relievers 3.2b 3.2b 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.5a 0.7
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7a 0.7 0.7 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3b 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.7b 5.7b 5.3a 4.9 4.9 4.7
80418 (8.9B)
Table G.8 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2 20.3 19.4 20.1 19.8 19.7
Marijuana and Hashish 17.3 17.0 16.1 16.6 16.3 16.4
Cocaine 2.0 2.2a 2.1a 2.6b 2.2b 1.7
Crack 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.9b 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5
LSD 0.1a 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1b 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0a 0.7
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.5 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0
Pain Relievers 4.1a 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7
Stimulants3 1.3 1.3 1.5b 1.4a 1.4a 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6a 0.4
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.9 8.4 8.1 8.8 8.9a 8.1
80418 (8.12B)
Table G.9 – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.1 5.8
Marijuana and Hashish 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.9
Cocaine 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1a 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.0 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.2 2.2
Pain Relievers 1.3a 1.3 1.2b 1.3 1.5 1.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Stimulants3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2.7 2.6 2.3b 2.6 2.9 2.9
80402 (1.11B)
Table G.10 – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 45.4 46.1 14.5 14.4 8.3 8.0
12 12.1a 9.9 6.9a 5.4 3.1 2.7
13 16.3 16.4 9.9 10.2 4.6 4.0
14 23.2 21.4 15.8 14.7 7.0 6.7
15 31.9a 29.0 22.8 21.4 11.1 11.0
16 37.3 37.6 28.3 28.6 14.9 14.8
17 43.1 41.5 32.2 30.8 17.1 17.4
18 50.1 46.9 37.6 34.8 20.7 20.7
19 54.9 53.3 37.2 36.6 22.4 22.3
20 59.7 57.1 38.2 36.6 23.6 22.0
21 61.7 60.3 36.0 37.6 20.1 23.1
22 62.3 59.6 34.3 32.8 19.5 20.0
23 61.9 62.7 30.9 31.6 18.1 17.5
24 62.4 62.1 31.4 28.7 17.9 16.1
25 60.5 60.1 28.3 25.4 15.5 15.4
26-29 60.4 57.8 24.7 23.0 14.1 12.8
30-34 55.3 55.5 17.5 16.9 10.0 9.4
35-39 56.2 56.1 14.2 13.9 8.0 7.3
40-44 60.9 58.6 13.6 13.1 8.3 7.0
45-49 61.6 61.0 11.9 11.9 6.7 7.2
50-54 54.6 58.9 9.1 10.6 6.0 5.7
55-59 43.4b 51.6 4.9b 8.0 2.4 4.1
60-64 28.2b 35.0 3.4 4.4 2.1 1.9
65 or Older 9.8 10.7 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.7
80402 (1.19B)
Table G.11 – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 45.4 46.1 14.5 14.4 8.3 8.0
AGE            
12-17 27.6a 26.2 19.6 18.7 9.8 9.5
18-25 59.0a 57.4 34.4 33.2 19.8 19.7
26 or Older 45.5 46.8 10.4 10.6 6.1 5.8
GENDER            
Male 50.3 50.6 17.4 17.4 10.5 10.4
Female 40.9 41.8 11.8 11.6 6.2 5.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 47.1 48.0 14.8 14.8 8.5 8.2
White 49.0a 50.3 14.8 14.9 8.5 8.2
Black or African American 42.9 43.1 16.4 16.0 9.8 9.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 58.8 54.6 20.1 18.4 13.7 12.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 40.9 * 13.4 13.3 7.5 *
Asian 23.7 22.8 8.9 7.2 3.6 4.2
Two or More Races 55.4 51.5 18.1 22.1 8.9 11.8
Hispanic or Latino 35.0 34.2 13.1 12.2 6.9 6.6
80402 (1.20B)
Table G.12 – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 27.6a 26.2 19.6 18.7 9.8 9.5
GENDER            
Male 28.2 27.1 19.5 19.4 9.8 10.0
Female 27.0a 25.4 19.7a 18.0 9.7 9.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 27.9a 26.6 19.7 19.1 10.0 9.9
White 27.7 27.0 20.2 19.9 10.0 10.2
Black or African American 28.5 26.7 18.6 17.6 10.2 9.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 46.0 43.1 * * 18.7 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 24.2a 16.3 13.7 10.9 6.7 6.0
Two or More Races 32.0 28.4 24.3 18.9 11.8 9.2
Hispanic or Latino 26.4 24.7 18.8 17.1 8.9 8.1
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 27.8 27.2 19.8 20.1 9.7 10.4
Female, White, Not Hispanic 27.5 26.7 20.7 19.8 10.3 9.9
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 30.0 27.7 19.7 18.0 10.8 10.1
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 26.9 25.8 17.3 17.1 9.5 8.8
Male, Hispanic 26.8 26.5 18.0 18.6 9.1 8.6
Female, Hispanic 26.0 22.9 19.6a 15.5 8.6 7.6
80402 (1.23B)
Table G.13 – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 47.5 48.4 14.0 13.9 8.1 7.8
GENDER            
Male 53.0 53.5 17.1 17.1 10.6 10.4
Female 42.4 43.6 11.0 10.9 5.8 5.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 49.2 50.3 14.2 14.3 8.3 8.1
White 51.2a 52.6 14.2 14.4 8.4 8.0
Black or African American 45.1 45.5 16.1 15.8 9.7 9.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 60.4 56.3 18.3 16.7 13.1 12.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 13.2 12.5 7.4 *
Asian 23.6 23.5 8.4 6.8 3.2 4.0
Two or More Races 59.8 55.6 16.9 22.7 8.4 12.3
Hispanic or Latino 36.4 35.7 12.2 11.5 6.6 6.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 37.2 36.0 15.0 15.0 9.2 9.3
High School Graduate 45.4 46.1 14.4 14.0 8.6 8.6
Some College 54.1 55.2 16.3 16.4 9.1 8.9
College Graduate 50.1 51.8 10.6 10.8 5.9 5.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 56.0 56.7 15.1 15.1 8.8 8.4
Part-Time 48.1 49.7 16.8 17.6 9.4 10.1
Unemployed 60.4 59.7 30.5 28.5 18.5 18.3
Other1 29.4 30.8 8.6 8.5 5.0 4.7
80414 (8.22A)
Table G.14 – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 71,499 70,757 70,257 71,519 72,873 70,939
Cigarettes 61,136 60,434 59,896 60,532 61,565 60,069
Smokeless Tobacco 7,787 7,725 7,154a 7,682 8,231 8,051
Cigars 12,751 12,837 13,727 13,640 13,708 13,263
Pipe Tobacco 1,816 1,619a 1,835 2,190 2,321 2,046
ALCOHOL 119,820b 118,965b 120,934b 126,028 125,309 126,760
Binge Alcohol Use2 53,787b 53,770b 54,725b 55,090b 56,575 57,778
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,860a 16,144 16,689 16,035 16,946 17,010
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 41,991 41,288 41,569 42,175 43,389 42,369
Cigarettes 32,636 32,263 32,278 32,312 33,220 32,607
Smokeless Tobacco 7,242 7,096 6,730a 7,174 7,843 7,589
Cigars 10,669 10,372 11,375 11,355 11,092 10,940
Pipe Tobacco 1,487 1,400 1,579 1,877 2,023 1,797
ALCOHOL 65,210b 65,927a 66,317 68,497 68,025 68,088
Binge Alcohol Use2 35,456b 35,565b 36,195a 36,025b 37,298 38,128
Heavy Alcohol Use2 12,216 11,958 12,388 12,172 12,775 12,786
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29,509 29,469 28,688 29,344 29,484 28,570
Cigarettes 28,500 28,171 27,618 28,220 28,345 27,462
Smokeless Tobacco 545 628 424 508 388 461
Cigars 2,082 2,465 2,352 2,285 2,616 2,323
Pipe Tobacco 330 219 256 313 298 249
ALCOHOL 54,610b 53,038b 54,616b 57,531 57,283 58,672
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,331a 18,205b 18,530a 19,065 19,276 19,651
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,645a 4,186 4,301 3,863 4,172 4,225
80414 (8.22B)
Table G.15 – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4b 29.8a 29.2 29.4 29.6a 28.6
Cigarettes 26.0b 25.4a 24.9 24.9 25.0 24.2
Smokeless Tobacco 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.2
Cigars 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 51.0 50.1 50.3 51.8 50.9 51.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9 22.6 22.8 22.7 23.0 23.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.9
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0a 35.9 35.7 35.8 36.4 35.2
Cigarettes 28.7a 28.1 27.7 27.4 27.8 27.1
Smokeless Tobacco 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.3
Cigars 9.4 9.0 9.8 9.6 9.3 9.1
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5
ALCOHOL 57.4 57.3 56.9 58.1 57.0 56.6
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2 30.9 31.1 30.5 31.2 31.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.7 10.6
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3b 24.0b 23.1 23.4 23.3 22.4
Cigarettes 23.4b 23.0b 22.3 22.5 22.4 21.5
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Cigars 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.8
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL 44.9 43.2b 44.0b 45.9 45.2 46.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.2 15.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3
80414 (8.23B)
Table G.16 – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2b 14.4b 14.4b 13.1 12.9 12.4
Cigarettes 13.0b 12.2b 11.9b 10.8a 10.4 9.8
Smokeless Tobacco 2.0b 2.0a 2.3 2.1a 2.4 2.4
Cigars 4.5 4.5 4.8a 4.2 4.1 4.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 17.6b 17.7b 17.6b 16.5 16.6 15.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7a 10.6a 11.1b 9.9 10.3 9.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0b 15.6a 15.3a 14.2 14.0 14.1
Cigarettes 12.3b 11.9b 11.3a 10.7 10.0 10.0
Smokeless Tobacco 3.4b 3.7 4.0 3.7a 4.2 4.4
Cigars 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.5 6.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9
ALCOHOL 17.4a 17.1 17.2a 15.9 16.3 15.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4 11.1 11.6 10.4 10.7 10.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.8
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4b 13.3b 13.5b 11.9a 11.8a 10.6
Cigarettes 13.6b 12.5b 12.5b 10.8a 10.7a 9.7
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cigars 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5
ALCOHOL 17.9b 18.3b 18.0b 17.2 17.0 16.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 9.9a 10.1b 10.5b 9.4 9.9a 8.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.8
80414 (8.24B)
Table G.17 – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3b 44.8b 44.6b 44.3b 43.9b 41.8
Cigarettes 40.8b 40.2b 39.5b 39.0b 38.4b 36.2
Smokeless Tobacco 4.8 4.7a 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3
Cigars 11.0a 11.4 12.7a 12.0 12.1 11.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.1 0.9a 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
ALCOHOL 60.5 61.4 60.5 60.9 61.9 61.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9 41.6 41.2 41.9 42.2 41.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.6 14.7
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1a 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.0 50.0
Cigarettes 44.4b 44.2b 43.5b 42.9a 41.9 40.5
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4 8.9a 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.9
Cigars 16.8a 17.3 19.7 18.3 18.7 18.4
Pipe Tobacco 1.7 1.4a 2.1 2.3 2.2 1.9
ALCOHOL 65.2 66.9 64.9 66.3 65.9 65.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2 51.3 50.1 51.7 50.2 49.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.7a 21.0 19.9
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4b 37.8b 37.4b 36.9b 36.8b 33.6
Cigarettes 37.1b 36.2b 35.5b 35.0b 34.9b 31.8
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Cigars 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 55.7 55.8 56.0 55.4 57.9 57.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7a 31.8a 32.3 31.9 34.0 33.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8.7 9.0 8.8 8.8 10.0 9.5
80414 (8.25B)
Table G.18 – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9a 29.3 28.5 29.0 29.4 28.5
Cigarettes 25.2a 24.7 24.1 24.3 24.7 24.1
Smokeless Tobacco 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.0
Cigars 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 53.9 52.5a 53.0 55.1 53.7 54.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4 21.0 21.1 21.0 21.4 21.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.0 6.1
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3 36.0 35.7 36.0 36.9 35.6
Cigarettes 28.3 27.5 27.2 27.0 27.8 27.1
Smokeless Tobacco 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.8 6.3 5.9
Cigars 8.5 7.9 8.4 8.6 8.1 7.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.5
ALCOHOL 61.9 61.5 61.3 62.7a 61.2 60.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7 30.1 30.4 29.6a 30.7 31.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0 9.5 9.8 9.3 10.0 10.1
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2 23.1 22.0 22.6 22.5 22.0
Cigarettes 22.5 22.1 21.3 21.9 21.8 21.3
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3
Cigars 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
ALCOHOL 46.6 44.3b 45.4b 48.0 46.7 47.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0 12.6 12.6 13.2 12.8 13.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.5
80411 (8.27B)
Table G.19 – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
Lifetime 56.2b 55.8b 54.9b 53.9 53.9 52.9
Past Year 47.0b 46.8b 46.6a 46.3 46.1 45.1
Past Month 28.8 29.0 28.7 28.2 28.3 27.9
Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3 19.2 19.6 18.8 19.0 18.6
Heavy Alcohol Use1 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0
MALE            
Lifetime 56.5b 55.0a 54.9a 53.7 54.0 53.0
Past Year 46.6 45.6 46.3 45.6 46.0 45.1
Past Month 29.6 29.9 29.6 28.9 29.2 28.4
Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8 21.7 22.1 21.3 21.3 21.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 8.1 7.9 8.2 7.6 7.9 7.8
FEMALE            
Lifetime 56.0b 56.6b 54.8a 54.2 53.7 52.8
Past Year 47.5b 48.0b 46.9a 46.9a 46.2 45.1
Past Month 28.0 28.1 27.8 27.5 27.4 27.3
Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7 16.5 17.0 16.1 16.5 16.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
80402 (2.16B)
Table G.20 – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category TYPE OF ALCOHOL USE
Alcohol Use Binge Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 50.9 51.1 23.0 23.3 6.9 6.9
12 1.9 2.2 0.6 0.9 * 0.1
13 5.7 4.7 2.3 2.0 0.5a 0.1
14 11.8 10.0 6.2a 4.5 0.7 0.4
15 19.2 19.0 11.5 10.9 1.7 2.4
16 27.3b 23.8 18.2b 15.1 4.5 3.8
17 32.3 34.6 22.0 23.9 6.7 7.1
18 46.2a 41.8 32.7a 28.9 12.8b 9.6
19 52.4 53.7 37.2 38.8 14.4 14.1
20 56.9 57.8 39.0 40.3 14.0 15.8
21 70.2 71.8 49.3 50.1 19.5 17.9
22 70.8a 66.5 48.9 46.9 17.3 16.9
23 69.7 68.4 47.2 45.3 17.2 16.2
24 66.5 67.4 43.3 44.3 16.1 15.6
25 65.5 67.3 41.2 42.7 13.2 12.6
26-29 63.5 63.2 38.3 37.9 11.9 10.5
30-34 60.3 62.1 30.5 32.6 8.4 9.0
35-39 59.1 59.1 27.6 28.4 7.3 8.5
40-44 56.7a 60.9 25.4 27.9 6.7 7.3
45-49 58.9 58.3 23.8 23.9 7.0 7.8
50-54 55.9 57.0 22.0 21.5 6.7 6.3
55-59 53.0 52.0 13.8 15.9 4.6 4.5
60-64 48.0 47.6 12.8 12.1 2.7 2.9
65 or Older 38.4 38.1 7.6 7.6 1.6 1.4
80402 (2.79B)
Table G.21 – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF ALCOHOL USE
Alcohol Use Binge Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 28.3 27.9 19.0 18.6 6.2 6.0
GENDER            
Male 29.2 28.4 21.3 21.1 7.9 7.8
Female 27.4 27.3 16.5 16.1 4.3 4.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 29.0 28.6 19.5 19.1 6.5 6.4
White 32.3 32.0 22.7 22.4 8.2 8.0
Black or African American 18.6 18.3 8.6 8.4 1.3 1.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 31.3 28.3 23.6 * 4.7 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * 4.7
Asian 19.7 16.8 11.8 9.6 1.3 1.9
Two or More Races 27.5 26.2 20.7 16.4 6.3 5.0
Hispanic or Latino 25.3 24.7 16.5 16.7 4.8 4.1
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 33.2 32.7 25.2 25.1 10.3 10.2
Female, White, Not Hispanic 31.4 31.2 20.0 19.5 5.9 5.6
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 18.7 17.2 9.7 9.7 1.5 2.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 18.4 19.4 7.5 7.0 1.0 0.6
Male, Hispanic 26.7 25.8 19.4 19.2 6.6 5.6
Female, Hispanic 23.8 23.5 13.2 14.1 2.7 2.6
80402 (2.12B)
Table G.22 – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Age Category TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 66.3a 65.3 29.1 28.5 25.0 24.2
12 5.6 5.1 3.1 2.6 0.7 0.9
13 12.1 10.7 6.9a 5.5 2.6 2.7
14 20.0a 17.5 12.8 11.2 6.7 6.0
15 30.1a 26.8 18.6 17.6 11.3 10.7
16 38.1 37.2 26.4 24.7 17.0 15.5
17 46.9b 42.9 32.8 31.4 22.9 22.5
18 55.4a 51.5 42.1a 38.7 32.4 29.7
19 62.1 60.5 46.9 45.5 36.9a 33.2
20 65.3 64.0 47.3 44.9 37.9 35.7
21 68.5a 64.6 49.2a 45.1 39.9 37.1
22 70.3 67.7 49.4 49.4 41.3 40.3
23 70.9 71.0 49.3 48.4 41.6 39.8
24 70.8 71.0 46.0 47.4 38.5 39.5
25 71.3 71.4 46.5a 42.8 39.9a 35.7
26-29 71.8 70.1 43.2 41.4 36.4 35.7
30-34 70.4 68.3 36.3 36.0 32.0 31.5
35-39 69.3 70.0 31.5 32.9 28.0 28.5
40-44 72.5 70.5 31.9 30.3 29.4a 26.6
45-49 75.7 74.9 32.6 32.3 29.6 29.6
50-54 72.5 75.2 29.3 29.7 26.7 26.7
55-59 74.2 73.6 25.3 24.6 22.7 22.0
60-64 75.3 76.3 20.1 20.5 18.6 18.8
65 or Older 67.5 65.1 11.1 10.8 9.5 9.0
80402 (2.23B)
Table G.23 – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 25.8b 23.7 17.0b 15.7 10.4 9.8
GENDER            
Male 25.8 24.5 16.7 16.0 10.0 10.0
Female 25.9b 22.8 17.4b 15.3 10.7a 9.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 26.2b 24.3 17.4a 16.2 10.9 10.5
White 28.5a 26.7 19.5 18.7 12.4 12.2
Black or African American 20.0 17.8 10.8 9.6 6.0 6.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 40.2 29.7 * 19.3 21.2 13.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 14.7 12.6 11.0a 6.1 5.2 3.4
Two or More Races 27.2 24.2 19.2 14.5 12.7 8.9
Hispanic or Latino 24.3b 20.8 15.1 13.1 8.2 6.7
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 28.1 27.1 18.9 18.5 11.8 11.7
Female, White, Not Hispanic 28.8b 26.3 20.0 18.8 13.0 12.7
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 19.8 17.9 11.0 10.1 5.9 6.8
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 20.2 17.7 10.5 9.0 6.2 5.4
Male, Hispanic 25.4 22.7 15.2 14.3 8.6 7.8
Female, Hispanic 23.1a 18.8 15.0a 11.9 7.7 5.6
80402 (2.26B)
Table G.24 – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 70.9 70.0 30.5 29.9 26.7 25.9
GENDER            
Male 76.6 75.9 34.4 33.7 30.0 29.2
Female 65.6 64.5 26.9 26.4 23.6 22.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 72.8 72.2 30.7 30.3 27.0 26.4
White 76.5 76.2 31.3 31.0 27.5 26.9
Black or African American 60.0 58.7 30.1 29.5 27.2 25.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 77.3 78.6 46.2 44.7 40.1 37.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 45.8 41.4 18.8 18.7 15.6 15.3
Two or More Races 75.2 73.0 36.6 36.8 33.8 33.7
Hispanic or Latino 58.4 56.0 29.4 27.3 24.7 22.7
EDUCATION            
< High School 66.2 64.1 39.4 37.0 35.6a 32.9
High School Graduate 71.5 71.2 35.2 35.7 31.9 31.9
Some College 74.0 73.1 32.3 31.3 27.7 26.8
College Graduate 70.2 69.2 18.0 17.9 14.3 14.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 73.1 72.4 33.0 31.9 28.8 27.6
Part-Time 69.7 68.1 29.9 29.7 25.4 24.5
Unemployed 72.5 70.9 51.9 49.5 47.8 44.6
Other1 67.0 66.2 23.6 24.2 20.9 21.1
80411 (8.28B)
Table G.25 – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1            
Cigarettes            
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1b 64.2b 67.5a 68.3 68.7 68.8
Marijuana            
Smoke Once a Month 32.4b 34.9 35.0 34.0 34.7 34.5
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5b 54.4 54.7 55.0 54.2 54.7
Cocaine            
Use Once a Month 50.5 51.4b 49.6 48.8 49.0 49.6
Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8 80.7b 79.8 79.9 79.2 78.9
Heroin            
Try Once or Twice 58.5a 58.8b 57.0 56.5 57.2 57.0
Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5b 82.6b 81.4 81.8 81.2 81.0
LSD            
Try Once or Twice 52.6a 53.4b 52.6a 51.7 51.6 51.2
Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2b 76.9b 76.4b 76.1b 74.7 74.2
Alcohol            
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2b 61.6b 61.8b 63.8a 64.6 65.2
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 38.2a 38.5 38.1a 38.4 39.4 39.4
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2            
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3            
Marijuana 55.0b 53.6b 52.2b 51.0b 50.1 49.1
Cocaine 25.0 25.0 24.4 24.9 25.9a 24.5
Crack 26.5a 26.2 25.0 25.3 26.2 25.3
Heroin 15.8b 15.3a 14.0 14.0 14.4 14.1
LSD 19.4b 17.6b 16.9b 15.7b 14.0 14.4
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 16.7b 16.1b 16.3b 15.5a 15.3 14.5
80428 (8.29A)
Table G.26 – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656 2,627 2,784 2,908 2,789 2,670
Marijuana and Hashish 2,196 1,973 2,142 2,114 2,063 2,090
Cocaine 1,032 986 998 872 977 906
Crack 337 269 215 230 245 352
Heroin 117 92 118 108 91 106
Hallucinogens 1,152 886a 934 953 1,116 1,064
LSD 338 200a 235 243 264 270
PCP 123b 105b 106a 77 69 58
Ecstasy 1,206b 642a 607a 615a 860 781
Inhalants 849 871 857 877 783 775
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,552 2,583 2,836 2,526 2,576 2,532
Pain Relievers 2,320 2,456a 2,422 2,193 2,150 2,147
OxyContin® -- -- 615 526 533 554
Tranquilizers 1,184 1,071 1,180 1,286 1,112 1,232
Stimulants2 783a 715 793 647 845a 642
Sedatives 209 194 240 247 267 198
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 2,569 2,523 2,664 2,768 2,719 2,563
CIGARETTES 1,940b 1,983a 2,122 2,282 2,449a 2,231
Daily Cigarette Use4 1,016 1,064 1,101 965 1,051 984
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 951b 928b 999b 1,134 1,329 1,297
CIGARS 2,858 2,736a 3,058 3,349 3,061 3,076
ALCOHOL 3,942b 4,082b 4,396 4,274 4,381 4,559
80418 (8.31A)
Table G.27 – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 7,116 6,835 7,298 6,833 7,020 6,851
Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 4,469a 4,090 4,172 3,932
Cocaine 1,488 1,515 1,571 1,549 1,671 1,598
Heroin 214 189 270 227 323 213
Hallucinogens 426 321 449 371 380 368
Inhalants 180 169 233 221 176 164
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,018 1,923 2,048 1,959 2,035 2,160
Pain Relievers 1,509 1,424 1,388a 1,546 1,635 1,707
Tranquilizers 509 435 573 419 402 443
Stimulants2 436 378 470 409 390 406
Sedatives 154 158 128 97 121 154
ALCOHOL 18,100 17,805 18,654 18,658 18,799 18,638
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,210 3,054 3,445 3,273 3,205 3,175
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,006 21,586 22,506 22,218 22,613 22,313
80418 (8.31B)
Table G.28 – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 3.0a 2.9 3.0a 2.8 2.9 2.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.8b 1.8a 1.9b 1.7 1.7 1.6
Cocaine 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
ALCOHOL 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.4 9.1 9.4 9.1 9.2 9.0
80423 (5.4B)
Table G.29 – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 2.9 2.8 7.6 7.5 9.2 9.0
AGE            
12-17 4.6 4.3 5.4 5.4 8.0 7.7
18-25 7.9 7.9 17.6 16.8 21.3 20.7
26 or Older 1.7 1.7 6.2 6.2 7.2 7.2
GENDER            
Male 3.7 3.8 10.3 10.6 12.3 12.5
Female 2.0 1.8 5.1a 4.6 6.3a 5.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.8 2.8 7.5 7.6 9.1 9.1
White 2.6 2.7 7.8 8.0 9.2 9.4
Black or African American 4.0 3.7 6.7 6.3 9.0 8.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 6.4 4.0 15.1 10.9 19.0 13.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.1 3.6 10.8 7.3 12.0 9.9
Asian 1.4 1.1 3.2 4.3 4.3 4.7
Two or More Races 4.3 5.1 9.0 8.6 12.0 10.8
Hispanic or Latino 3.4a 2.5 8.5a 7.0 10.0a 8.3
80418 (8.33A)
Table G.30 – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION            
Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802 2,192 2,172 2,457 2,163
Alcohol 2,405 2,359 2,658 2,843 2,764 2,733
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522 1,566 1,406
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483 3,327a 3,791 3,930 4,031 3,913
SPECIALTY FACILITY            
Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343
Alcohol 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 709 595 718 748 731 615
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412
80418 (8.33B)
Table G.31 – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION            
Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Alcohol 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
SPECIALTY FACILITY            
Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Alcohol 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8a 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0
80418 (8.34A)
Table G.32 – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,748 7,333 8,053 7,550 7,756 7,528
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 6,335 6,230 6,626 6,269 6,180 6,185
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638 18,215 19,360 19,378 19,520 19,301
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089 16,917 17,824 17,752 17,963 17,734
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 22,811 22,165 23,476 23,172 23,591 23,202
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465 20,290 21,149 20,864 21,054 20,790
80418 (8.34B)
Table G.33 – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.3 3.1 3.3a 3.1 3.2 3.0
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7 2.6 2.8a 2.6 2.5 2.5
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9 7.7 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 9.7 9.3 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.4
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0 0.8a 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.4
80423 (5.51B)
Table G.34 – Needed and Received Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic NEEDED TREATMENT FOR AN ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL PROBLEM IN THE PAST YEAR Percentage Who Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility among Persons Who Needed Treatment
Total Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 9.6 9.4 1.0 1.0 8.6 8.4 10.8 10.4
AGE                
12-17 8.2 7.9 0.7 0.6 7.5 7.3 8.7 7.6
18-25 21.8 21.1 1.5 1.5 20.3 19.7 7.0 7.0
26 or Older 7.6 7.5 1.0 0.9 6.7 6.6 12.9 12.4
GENDER                
Male 12.7 13.0 1.4 1.4 11.4 11.5 10.7 10.9
Female 6.6a 6.0 0.7 0.6 5.9 5.4 10.9 9.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.4 9.5 1.0 1.0 8.5 8.4 10.1 11.0
White 9.5 9.7 0.9 1.0 8.6 8.8 9.6 9.9
Black or African American 9.6 9.3 1.4 1.7 8.2 7.6 14.2 18.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 20.2 14.5 2.3 3.4 18.0 11.1 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12.3 9.9 0.8 0.1 11.5 9.9 * *
Asian 4.4 4.9 0.3 0.2 4.2 4.7 6.2 *
Two or More Races 12.4 11.7 1.1 1.8 11.3 9.8 8.6 *
Hispanic or Latino 10.7b 8.6 1.5b 0.5 9.1 8.0 14.3b 6.0
80424 (5.53A)
Table G.35 – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total Needing But
Not Receiving
Treatment1
FELT NEED FOR TREATMENT2 Did Not Feel Need
for Treatment2
Total Made Effort Made No Effort
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 21,054 20,790 940a 1,335 314 380 625a 955 20,114 19,455
AGE                    
12-17 1,906 1,832 55 55 16 15 39 40 1,851 1,776
18-25 6,640 6,435 249 255 49 82 200 173 6,391 6,180
26 or Older 12,508 12,523 636a 1,025 249 283 386a 742 11,872 11,498
GENDER                    
Male 13,584 13,871 633 898 216 262 418 636 12,950 12,973
Female 7,470 6,919 306 437 99 118 207 319 7,163a 6,482
80424 (5.53B)
Table G.36 – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total Needing But
Not Receiving
Treatment1
FELT NEED FOR TREATMENT2 Did Not Feel Need
for Treatment2
Total Made Effort Made No Effort
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 4.5a 6.4 1.5 1.8 3.0a 4.6 95.5a 93.6
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 2.9 3.0 0.8 0.8 2.0 2.2 97.1 97.0
18-25 100.0 100.0 3.8 4.0 0.7 1.3 3.0 2.7 96.2 96.0
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 5.1a 8.2 2.0 2.3 3.1a 5.9 94.9a 91.8
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 4.7 6.5 1.6 1.9 3.1 4.6 95.3 93.5
Female 100.0 100.0 4.1a 6.3 1.3 1.7 2.8a 4.6 95.9a 93.7
80415 (8.35B)
Table G.37 – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with SPD estimates published in 2004 and prior years. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 12.2b 11.3 11.3 10.9
AGE        
18-25 20.2b 18.6 17.7 17.9
26-49 14.0b 12.5 13.0 12.2
50 or Older 6.9 7.1 6.9 7.0
GENDER        
Male 9.4a 8.4 8.7 8.2
Female 14.8a 14.0 13.7 13.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2b 11.2 11.4 11.0
White 12.2 11.4 11.4 11.3
Black or African American 11.9 10.7 10.5 10.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 21.1 25.9a 13.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 10.8 11.9
Asian 9.2 7.2 7.8 6.4
Two or More Races 22.4 16.8 25.3b 14.0
Hispanic or Latino 12.2 11.7 10.8 10.2
80529 (8.36B)
Table G.38 – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 13.0 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 13.2
AGE            
18-25 10.5 11.1a 10.8 11.2a 10.8 10.3
26-49 14.5 14.5 14.4 13.9 14.0 14.3
50 or Older 12.0 12.3 11.7a 12.5 12.4 13.2
GENDER            
Male 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.9 9.2
Female 16.9 17.5 16.6 16.8 16.6 17.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6 13.9 13.6 13.7 13.8 14.2
White 14.7b 15.2 14.9a 15.1a 15.2 16.0
Black or African American 8.5a 8.5a 8.5a 8.9a 7.4 6.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 12.6 12.6 15.4 11.9 11.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.9 * * * 7.0 *
Asian 8.3b 4.9 4.7 4.0 5.6 3.9
Two or More Races 16.6 17.5 15.8 14.4 21.6 15.6
Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.8 7.4 7.8 7.0 7.3
80415 (8.37B)
Table G.39 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005, 2006, and 2007 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 8.0 7.3 7.2 7.5
AGE        
18-25 10.1b 9.7a 9.0 8.9
26-49 9.8b 8.4 8.5 8.5
50 or Older 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.8
GENDER        
Male 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.3
Female 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.3 7.5 7.6
White 8.4 7.6 7.8 8.1
Black or African American 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 8.1 9.4 12.1 9.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 5.8 *
Asian 5.0 3.6 3.0 2.9
Two or More Races 17.9 10.1 14.3 12.1
Hispanic or Latino 6.5 7.0 5.4 6.3
80415 (8.38B)
Table G.40 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 9.0a 8.8 7.9 8.2
AGE        
12-13 5.4a 5.2a 4.9 4.3
14-15 9.2 9.5 7.9 8.4
16-17 12.3 11.5 10.7 11.5
GENDER        
Male 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.6
Female 13.1a 13.3a 11.8 11.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.7 7.9 8.4
White 9.2 9.1 8.1 8.7
Black or African American 7.7 7.6 6.4 7.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.8 6.1 9.3 4.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 8.3 6.0 7.6 6.8
Two or More Races 11.7 10.5 13.0 10.0
Hispanic or Latino 9.1a 9.1a 8.0 7.1
80512 (8.39B)
Table G.41 – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment or counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.5 13.5a 13.5a 13.1 12.5
Outpatient 10.8 11.3 12.1a 12.1a 11.7 11.1
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 9.2 9.5 10.1 10.2a 9.6 9.4
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.5 2.6 2.9b 2.6 2.3 2.3
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer Stay) 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5
Hospital 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 1.2b 0.9 0.9 0.8
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.6a 0.7b 0.6a 0.6 0.5 0.4
EDUCATION2 10.6a 12.1 12.7b 12.1 11.9 11.5
School Counselor, School Psychologist or Regular Meetings with a Teacher 8.6b 9.9 10.5a 10.0 9.8 9.7
Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or Placement in a Special Classroom, Special Program or Special School 3.4 3.9b 4.1b 3.9b 3.9b 3.3
MEDICAL            
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.7 2.9 3.4b 3.2a 2.8 2.8
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3 4.8 5.7a 5.7a 5.8a 5.3 5.1

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