121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.1 – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 7.13 (6.55 - 7.76) 3.16 (2.76 - 3.61)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 8.07 (6.69 - 9.72) 3.25 (2.50 - 4.22)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.28 (4.87 - 8.07) 2.89 (2.17 - 3.83)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.63 (5.23 - 8.36) 3.06 (2.29 - 4.07)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.84 (4.47 - 7.60) 2.95 (2.17 - 4.02)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 6.94 (5.64 - 8.53) 3.36 (2.56 - 4.39)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.85 (6.75 - 9.11) 3.24 (2.58 - 4.06)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.43 (4.93 - 8.34) 3.08 (2.29 - 4.12)
Regions 17 and 21 6.35 (4.93 - 8.15) 3.08 (2.29 - 4.14)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.95 (4.73 - 7.44) 2.87 (2.14 - 3.83)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.53 (4.34 - 7.02) 2.90 (2.16 - 3.89)
Regions 29 and 34 5.02 (3.77 - 6.66) 2.61 (1.89 - 3.60)
Regions 30 and 50 6.39 (4.98 - 8.15) 2.74 (2.02 - 3.71)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 10.48 (8.74 - 12.52) 4.07 (3.10 - 5.32)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.2 – Marijuana Use in Past Month, Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Month
Average Annual Rate of
First Use of Marijuana1
Perceptions of Great
Risk of Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
1 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The confidence intervals for Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 5.35 (4.87 - 5.88) 1.57 (1.44 - 1.71) 37.84 (36.41 - 39.30)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 6.00 (4.87 - 7.37) 1.66 (1.38 - 1.99) 38.16 (34.59 - 41.85)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 5.08 (3.84 - 6.70) 1.58 (1.27 - 1.95) 38.53 (34.33 - 42.90)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 4.98 (3.85 - 6.42) 1.51 (1.23 - 1.86) 39.06 (35.07 - 43.21)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.30 (3.14 - 5.86) 1.15 (0.91 - 1.47) 40.38 (35.55 - 45.41)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 5.11 (4.01 - 6.48) 1.54 (1.25 - 1.91) 38.33 (34.45 - 42.38)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.31 (5.34 - 7.44) 2.17 (1.88 - 2.50) 32.23 (29.61 - 34.96)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 4.70 (3.50 - 6.29) 1.28 (1.01 - 1.62) 39.18 (34.50 - 44.07)
Regions 17 and 21 4.98 (3.79 - 6.54) 1.81 (1.45 - 2.27) 38.75 (34.23 - 43.46)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.51 (3.48 - 5.83) 1.40 (1.15 - 1.70) 38.73 (34.67 - 42.95)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 3.93 (2.91 - 5.29) 0.98 (0.79 - 1.23) 39.88 (35.84 - 44.06)
Regions 29 and 34 3.56 (2.58 - 4.89) 1.26 (0.99 - 1.61) 41.44 (36.57 - 46.48)
Regions 30 and 50 4.73 (3.54 - 6.30) 1.37 (1.11 - 1.70) 40.91 (36.54 - 45.43)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.26 (5.97 - 8.80) 1.65 (1.38 - 1.97) 38.76 (35.34 - 42.31)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.3 – Marijuana Use in Past Year, Cocaine Use in Past Year, and Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Year
Cocaine Use
in Past Year
Nonmedical Use of Pain
Relievers in Past Year
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 9.33 (8.68 - 10.03) 2.13 (1.81 - 2.52) 4.24 (3.82 - 4.71)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 10.09 (8.59 - 11.82) 2.29 (1.67 - 3.14) 4.58 (3.70 - 5.65)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 8.59 (6.87 - 10.68) 2.28 (1.65 - 3.14) 4.04 (3.16 - 5.17)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 8.06 (6.55 - 9.88) 1.88 (1.34 - 2.61) 4.33 (3.42 - 5.48)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 8.10 (6.33 - 10.30) 1.91 (1.36 - 2.69) 4.48 (3.47 - 5.77)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 9.63 (8.06 - 11.46) 1.95 (1.40 - 2.72) 4.69 (3.73 - 5.88)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 11.11 (9.77 - 12.61) 2.17 (1.68 - 2.81) 4.24 (3.53 - 5.09)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 7.72 (6.08 - 9.76) 1.88 (1.33 - 2.64) 4.63 (3.60 - 5.93)
Regions 17 and 21 9.67 (7.82 - 11.90) 2.07 (1.46 - 2.92) 4.20 (3.29 - 5.35)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 7.91 (6.47 - 9.63) 1.95 (1.41 - 2.68) 3.97 (3.14 - 5.02)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.58 (5.19 - 8.31) 1.79 (1.28 - 2.49) 4.28 (3.38 - 5.41)
Regions 29 and 34 6.50 (5.00 - 8.41) 1.71 (1.22 - 2.40) 3.93 (3.01 - 5.13)
Regions 30 and 50 8.57 (6.97 - 10.49) 2.15 (1.53 - 3.02) 4.20 (3.31 - 5.32)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 12.50 (10.69 - 14.57) 2.92 (2.09 - 4.06) 3.90 (3.15 - 4.83)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.4 – Alcohol Use in Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk of Having Five or
More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage
Once or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 52.98 (51.53 - 54.43) 24.60 (23.46 - 25.77) 37.23 (35.81 - 38.68)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 58.21 (54.51 - 61.82) 25.91 (23.25 - 28.75) 36.44 (33.36 - 39.63)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 52.16 (47.48 - 56.80) 25.00 (21.90 - 28.39) 36.29 (32.86 - 39.86)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 52.38 (47.87 - 56.86) 25.05 (22.03 - 28.33) 36.04 (32.84 - 39.36)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 47.03 (41.54 - 52.59) 23.14 (19.79 - 26.88) 35.88 (32.26 - 39.68)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 54.64 (50.45 - 58.77) 27.98 (25.08 - 31.08) 33.98 (30.79 - 37.32)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 61.77 (58.83 - 64.62) 26.38 (24.26 - 28.62) 36.42 (33.99 - 38.92)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 49.30 (43.98 - 54.63) 24.45 (21.04 - 28.22) 34.92 (31.38 - 38.63)
Regions 17 and 21 53.92 (48.62 - 59.14) 25.39 (22.02 - 29.08) 37.05 (33.57 - 40.67)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 48.76 (44.38 - 53.16) 21.10 (18.38 - 24.12) 37.88 (34.64 - 41.24)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 49.06 (44.62 - 53.51) 22.04 (19.24 - 25.12) 35.92 (32.51 - 39.49)
Regions 29 and 34 52.05 (46.71 - 57.34) 23.27 (20.06 - 26.83) 39.43 (35.66 - 43.33)
Regions 30 and 50 53.57 (48.88 - 58.20) 24.81 (21.76 - 28.12) 35.87 (32.51 - 39.38)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 44.21 (40.74 - 47.73) 24.35 (21.83 - 27.06) 43.56 (40.57 - 46.59)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.5 – Alcohol Use in Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in Past Month
among Persons Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
among Persons Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 29.24 (27.96 - 30.56) 19.90 (18.76 - 21.09)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 31.53 (28.53 - 34.70) 21.22 (18.44 - 24.29)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 31.84 (28.06 - 35.88) 22.93 (19.40 - 26.90)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 29.64 (26.25 - 33.27) 19.49 (16.39 - 23.02)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 26.66 (22.73 - 30.99) 18.56 (15.09 - 22.62)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 35.37 (31.75 - 39.16) 25.27 (21.78 - 29.11)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 31.95 (29.44 - 34.56) 23.27 (20.93 - 25.80)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 28.26 (24.42 - 32.44) 19.78 (16.33 - 23.75)
Regions 17 and 21 32.08 (28.26 - 36.17) 22.02 (18.57 - 25.91)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 25.55 (22.59 - 28.75) 15.79 (13.17 - 18.81)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 27.34 (23.97 - 30.98) 18.71 (15.66 - 22.20)
Regions 29 and 34 28.03 (24.28 - 32.11) 18.29 (14.92 - 22.23)
Regions 30 and 50 30.47 (26.82 - 34.38) 20.04 (16.72 - 23.82)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 23.95 (21.34 - 26.77) 14.79 (12.41 - 17.53)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.6 – Cigarette Use in Past Month, Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cigarette Use
in Past Month
Tobacco Product Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk of Smoking One or
More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 26.00 (24.80 - 27.24) 31.15 (29.87 - 32.47) 71.84 (70.56 - 73.09)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 23.93 (21.31 - 26.77) 29.73 (26.79 - 32.85) 73.54 (70.84 - 76.07)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 28.87 (25.61 - 32.36) 36.15 (32.60 - 39.86) 68.85 (65.61 - 71.91)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 28.53 (25.37 - 31.93) 33.86 (30.33 - 37.57) 71.26 (68.17 - 74.17)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 27.03 (23.62 - 30.73) 32.46 (28.68 - 36.47) 68.38 (64.76 - 71.78)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 27.07 (24.21 - 30.13) 32.86 (29.81 - 36.07) 68.70 (65.54 - 71.69)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 23.55 (21.36 - 25.90) 28.26 (25.95 - 30.68) 77.02 (74.78 - 79.12)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 26.53 (23.17 - 30.20) 34.04 (30.05 - 38.26) 67.03 (63.51 - 70.38)
Regions 17 and 21 25.33 (22.11 - 28.84) 30.79 (27.29 - 34.53) 70.45 (67.10 - 73.59)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 26.63 (23.69 - 29.79) 31.43 (28.19 - 34.86) 69.63 (66.37 - 72.70)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 27.37 (24.16 - 30.84) 33.62 (30.20 - 37.22) 67.60 (64.28 - 70.74)
Regions 29 and 34 22.39 (19.29 - 25.82) 27.25 (23.84 - 30.95) 74.13 (70.86 - 77.15)
Regions 30 and 50 28.24 (25.03 - 31.69) 32.89 (29.53 - 36.45) 69.26 (65.91 - 72.43)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 27.05 (24.34 - 29.93) 29.84 (27.05 - 32.80) 73.69 (71.01 - 76.21)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.7 – Alcohol Dependence in Past Year and Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence
in Past Year
Illicit Drug Dependence
in Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 3.10 (2.73 - 3.53) 1.64 (1.40 - 1.93)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 3.41 (2.63 - 4.42) 1.92 (1.38 - 2.67)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 2.91 (2.20 - 3.84) 1.32 (0.90 - 1.92)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.08 (2.33 - 4.06) 1.61 (1.13 - 2.29)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 2.79 (2.06 - 3.76) 1.45 (0.97 - 2.15)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 3.91 (3.04 - 5.01) 1.56 (1.09 - 2.22)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.94 (2.32 - 3.72) 1.75 (1.34 - 2.29)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 2.87 (2.13 - 3.85) 1.63 (1.12 - 2.36)
Regions 17 and 21 3.50 (2.63 - 4.65) 1.36 (0.93 - 1.99)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.91 (2.19 - 3.87) 1.28 (0.88 - 1.85)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.71 (2.03 - 3.61) 1.49 (1.04 - 2.13)
Regions 29 and 34 2.65 (1.94 - 3.62) 1.35 (0.90 - 2.01)
Regions 30 and 50 3.16 (2.38 - 4.20) 1.44 (0.98 - 2.11)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 3.59 (2.78 - 4.64) 2.29 (1.69 - 3.11)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.8 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, and Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence or
Abuse in Past Year
Illicit Drug Dependence
or Abuse in Past Year1
Dependence or
Abuse of Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol in Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 6.80 (6.23 - 7.43) 2.38 (2.08 - 2.72) 8.15 (7.50 - 8.85)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.24 (6.02 - 8.70) 2.73 (2.07 - 3.59) 9.04 (7.62 - 10.69)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.79 (5.51 - 8.34) 1.97 (1.37 - 2.82) 7.61 (6.14 - 9.40)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.73 (5.45 - 8.29) 2.37 (1.72 - 3.26) 8.20 (6.73 - 9.97)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 6.48 (5.19 - 8.06) 2.08 (1.42 - 3.05) 7.38 (5.86 - 9.25)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 8.28 (6.93 - 9.87) 2.20 (1.61 - 2.98) 9.48 (7.95 - 11.26)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.15 (6.15 - 8.29) 2.62 (2.07 - 3.30) 8.67 (7.52 - 9.98)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 5.89 (4.64 - 7.43) 2.43 (1.72 - 3.43) 7.56 (6.06 - 9.38)
Regions 17 and 21 7.13 (5.80 - 8.73) 1.99 (1.40 - 2.83) 8.18 (6.60 - 10.10)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 6.23 (5.04 - 7.69) 1.92 (1.38 - 2.66) 6.94 (5.65 - 8.50)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.99 (4.83 - 7.40) 2.00 (1.41 - 2.81) 7.05 (5.73 - 8.66)
Regions 29 and 34 5.95 (4.69 - 7.54) 1.86 (1.28 - 2.71) 6.64 (5.23 - 8.40)
Regions 30 and 50 6.78 (5.49 - 8.34) 1.97 (1.40 - 2.77) 7.94 (6.45 - 9.74)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.04 (5.86 - 8.43) 3.29 (2.50 - 4.31) 9.27 (7.78 - 11.00)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving Treatment
for Alcohol Use in Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment
for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], or mental health centers).
2 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], or mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in the Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 6.47 (5.88 - 7.10) 2.07 (1.80 - 2.38)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 6.87 (5.69 - 8.28) 2.45 (1.83 - 3.25)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.32 (5.09 - 7.82) 1.78 (1.25 - 2.54)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.50 (5.23 - 8.06) 2.06 (1.48 - 2.86)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 6.20 (4.90 - 7.82) 1.88 (1.27 - 2.77)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 7.89 (6.61 - 9.40) 1.89 (1.36 - 2.63)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.83 (5.78 - 8.06) 2.13 (1.67 - 2.71)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 5.55 (4.39 - 7.01) 2.16 (1.52 - 3.06)
Regions 17 and 21 6.73 (5.40 - 8.35) 1.79 (1.26 - 2.55)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.87 (4.72 - 7.29) 1.71 (1.21 - 2.41)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.65 (4.52 - 7.03) 1.67 (1.17 - 2.36)
Regions 29 and 34 5.65 (4.44 - 7.16) 1.60 (1.10 - 2.31)
Regions 30 and 50 6.35 (5.07 - 7.94) 1.63 (1.14 - 2.33)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 6.75 (5.55 - 8.17) 3.01 (2.28 - 3.97)
121005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.10 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2006-2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For more details, see the "2006-2008 Overview and Summary of Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k08/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
Pennsylvania 6.33 (5.68 - 7.05)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 6.19 (5.07 - 7.52)
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.30 (5.10 - 7.76)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.20 (5.01 - 7.66)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 7.21 (5.77 - 8.97)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 6.50 (5.32 - 7.91)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.07 (5.04 - 7.30)
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.44 (5.16 - 8.01)
Regions 17 and 21 6.57 (5.31 - 8.10)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 6.54 (5.28 - 8.08)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.19 (4.97 - 7.68)
Regions 29 and 34 6.42 (5.14 - 7.97)
Regions 30 and 50 6.46 (5.20 - 8.01)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 6.11 (5.00 - 7.45)

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