National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Comparison of the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 Model-Based Substate Estimates

NOTE: The methodology used to conduct significance testing for substate estimates between the 2006-2008 and the 2008-2010 NSDUHs and to calculate p values is provided after Tables 1 to 23.

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Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 8.15a (7.95 - 8.36) 8.61 (8.39 - 8.83) 0.000
Northeast 8.54a (8.15 - 8.95) 9.24 (8.82 - 9.67) 0.001
Midwest 7.82 (7.52 - 8.13) 7.95 (7.65 - 8.26) 0.429
South 7.34b (7.06 - 7.62) 7.58 (7.30 - 7.87) 0.099
West 9.45a (9.01 - 9.90) 10.35 (9.87 - 10.86) 0.000
Alabama 6.93 (5.97 - 8.02) 7.06 (6.04 - 8.24) 0.775
Region 1 5.88 (4.53 - 7.60) 6.38 (4.95 - 8.19) 0.429
Region 2 7.55 (6.14 - 9.25) 7.93 (6.30 - 9.94) 0.586
Region 3 7.40 (5.67 - 9.59) 7.62 (5.87 - 9.84) 0.738
Region 4 6.96 (5.42 - 8.91) 6.20 (4.72 - 8.12) 0.249
Alaska 11.22a (9.77 - 12.85) 13.60 (11.82 - 15.60) 0.004
Anchorage 10.88a (9.02 - 13.06) 13.60 (11.39 - 16.17) 0.008
Northern 13.17 (10.54 - 16.33) 14.50 (11.41 - 18.26) 0.319
South Central 10.24a (8.12 - 12.85) 13.08 (10.14 - 16.72) 0.019
Southeast 11.02 (8.20 - 14.65) 13.03 (9.66 - 17.36) 0.109
Arizona 9.26 (8.02 - 10.66) 9.63 (8.28 - 11.17) 0.568
Maricopa 9.47 (7.96 - 11.25) 8.93 (7.38 - 10.78) 0.500
Pima 9.61a (7.42 - 12.37) 11.70 (8.85 - 15.31) 0.043
Rural North 9.06a (6.89 - 11.83) 11.97 (8.93 - 15.85) 0.011
Rural South 7.96 (5.84 - 10.78) 8.28 (6.04 - 11.26) 0.703
Arkansas 8.21 (7.14 - 9.42) 7.78 (6.70 - 9.02) 0.366
Catchment Area 1 8.99 (6.93 - 11.58) 7.86 (5.87 - 10.45) 0.167
Catchment Area 2 7.90 (5.99 - 10.36) 6.93 (5.01 - 9.51) 0.190
Catchment Area 3 8.92 (6.93 - 11.43) 7.72 (5.83 - 10.17) 0.139
Catchment Area 4 7.98 (5.88 - 10.75) 6.72 (4.72 - 9.47) 0.107
Catchment Area 5 8.66 (6.84 - 10.90) 8.14 (6.31 - 10.45) 0.527
Catchment Area 6 7.27 (5.40 - 9.73) 8.16 (5.91 - 11.16) 0.220
Catchment Area 7 7.37 (5.39 - 10.01) 7.07 (5.00 - 9.90) 0.678
Catchment Area 8 7.79 (6.02 - 10.02) 8.67 (6.70 - 11.16) 0.266
California 9.41a (8.73 - 10.13) 10.25 (9.51 - 11.04) 0.024
Region 1R 11.18a (8.77 - 14.15) 17.39 (13.59 - 21.98) 0.000
Region 2R 9.84 (7.72 - 12.45) 10.66 (8.35 - 13.51) 0.357
Region 3R (Sacramento) 12.85 (10.34 - 15.85) 11.73 (9.07 - 15.04) 0.324
Region 4R 10.78 (8.43 - 13.68) 10.00 (7.62 - 13.01) 0.417
Region 5R (San Francisco) 14.10b (10.55 - 18.59) 17.22 (12.94 - 22.54) 0.063
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 8.62 (6.75 - 10.94) 8.23 (6.24 - 10.78) 0.614
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 9.68 (7.56 - 12.31) 9.85 (7.46 - 12.91) 0.841
Region 8R (Alameda) 10.08 (7.91 - 12.76) 10.98 (8.59 - 13.95) 0.334
Region 9R (San Mateo) 8.82 (6.64 - 11.62) 8.70 (6.44 - 11.67) 0.885
Region 10 12.11 (9.69 - 15.04) 13.17 (10.39 - 16.56) 0.309
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 8.36a (7.45 - 9.37) 9.57 (8.52 - 10.72) 0.008
LA SPA 1 and 5 9.89 (7.57 - 12.81) 11.31 (8.57 - 14.80) 0.138
LA SPA 2 8.85 (7.07 - 11.01) 8.98 (6.95 - 11.52) 0.875
LA SPA 3 5.87a (4.56 - 7.52) 7.92 (6.18 - 10.10) 0.002
LA SPA 4 9.62 (7.43 - 12.36) 10.61 (8.16 - 13.70) 0.310
LA SPA 6 7.99a (6.05 - 10.49) 9.64 (7.44 - 12.40) 0.038
LA SPA 7 7.13 (5.58 - 9.06) 8.12 (6.26 - 10.46) 0.135
LA SPA 8 9.85b (7.79 - 12.39) 11.46 (8.92 - 14.62) 0.098
Region 12R 9.91 (7.56 - 12.89) 9.22 (6.95 - 12.14) 0.376
Regions 13 and 19R 9.19 (7.47 - 11.26) 10.23 (8.26 - 12.61) 0.171
Region 13 (Riverside) 9.35 (7.51 - 11.59) 10.49 (8.38 - 13.05) 0.164
Region 19R (Imperial) 7.17 (5.23 - 9.76) 6.95 (5.08 - 9.44) 0.738
Region 14 (Orange) 8.01 (6.52 - 9.80) 8.22 (6.68 - 10.08) 0.740
Region 15R (Fresno) 8.97 (6.87 - 11.63) 9.17 (6.88 - 12.12) 0.806
Region 16R (San Diego) 10.26 (8.54 - 12.29) 11.58 (9.60 - 13.91) 0.108
Region 17R 9.28 (7.50 - 11.44) 8.83 (6.96 - 11.14) 0.550
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 7.21b (5.73 - 9.03) 8.49 (6.74 - 10.65) 0.054
Region 20R 7.99b (6.17 - 10.30) 9.44 (7.15 - 12.38) 0.060
Region 21R 12.32 (9.85 - 15.31) 12.63 (9.74 - 16.22) 0.757
Colorado 10.77a (9.47 - 12.22) 13.25 (11.62 - 15.07) 0.001
Region 1 10.06a (7.92 - 12.71) 14.02 (10.90 - 17.87) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 11.87a (10.09 - 13.92) 14.34 (12.17 - 16.83) 0.019
Region 3 8.49a (6.57 - 10.91) 10.39 (8.09 - 13.24) 0.034
Region 4 8.28b (6.07 - 11.20) 9.99 (7.28 - 13.55) 0.053
Regions 5 and 6 10.36 (7.78 - 13.66) 12.26 (9.13 - 16.26) 0.107
Connecticut 8.40b (7.33 - 9.61) 9.36 (8.10 - 10.80) 0.086
Eastern 10.36 (7.99 - 13.33) 10.76 (8.07 - 14.21) 0.691
North Central 9.05 (7.28 - 11.20) 8.97 (7.18 - 11.16) 0.923
Northwestern 7.85a (6.13 - 10.01) 9.88 (7.59 - 12.77) 0.013
South Central 7.88a (6.26 - 9.88) 10.07 (7.99 - 12.61) 0.009
Southwest 7.30 (5.62 - 9.42) 7.66 (5.69 - 10.23) 0.623
Delaware 8.73 (7.55 - 10.09) 8.46 (7.31 - 9.78) 0.604
Kent 7.53 (5.78 - 9.74) 8.38 (6.42 - 10.87) 0.262
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 9.05 (7.55 - 10.82) 8.37 (6.96 - 10.03) 0.304
Sussex 7.63 (5.87 - 9.86) 7.14 (5.44 - 9.32) 0.513
Wilmington City 11.89 (8.87 - 15.78) 12.51 (9.43 - 16.41) 0.596
District of Columbia 11.71 (10.30 - 13.28) 11.70 (10.11 - 13.51) 0.992
Ward 1 14.21 (10.98 - 18.18) 11.94 (9.04 - 15.59) 0.129
Ward 2 13.83 (11.04 - 17.18) 11.75 (8.89 - 15.38) 0.140
Ward 3 10.78 (8.40 - 13.74) 9.52 (7.16 - 12.54) 0.214
Ward 4 8.54a (6.45 - 11.22) 10.57 (7.79 - 14.19) 0.049
Ward 5 13.31 (10.30 - 17.03) 12.25 (8.99 - 16.48) 0.446
Ward 6 10.09 (7.49 - 13.46) 10.97 (8.19 - 14.54) 0.453
Ward 7 10.14a (7.79 - 13.10) 13.14 (10.24 - 16.71) 0.010
Ward 8 12.70 (10.04 - 15.93) 14.09 (10.87 - 18.06) 0.287
Florida 7.62a (7.02 - 8.27) 8.39 (7.70 - 9.13) 0.027
Region A - Northwest 9.16 (7.79 - 10.75) 9.57 (8.04 - 11.37) 0.472
Circuit 1 8.49 (6.59 - 10.88) 8.84 (6.83 - 11.37) 0.649
Circuit 2 11.56 (9.09 - 14.58) 10.93 (8.34 - 14.21) 0.519
Circuit 14 7.64a (5.77 - 10.06) 9.53 (6.90 - 13.02) 0.020
Region B - Northeast 8.77 (7.60 - 10.10) 9.65 (8.28 - 11.22) 0.118
Circuits 3 and 8 9.72 (7.74 - 12.13) 10.30 (7.89 - 13.34) 0.504
Circuit 4 9.07 (7.28 - 11.24) 10.43 (8.31 - 13.03) 0.102
Circuit 7 7.78 (6.13 - 9.83) 8.27 (6.32 - 10.75) 0.517
Region C - Central 7.32 (6.45 - 8.29) 7.89 (6.93 - 8.97) 0.173
Circuit 5 6.64 (5.20 - 8.44) 7.51 (5.77 - 9.71) 0.223
Circuit 9 7.44 (5.98 - 9.23) 7.92 (6.31 - 9.90) 0.503
Circuit 10 6.70 (5.12 - 8.73) 6.93 (5.22 - 9.15) 0.724
Circuit 18 8.00 (6.41 - 9.94) 8.71 (6.83 - 11.06) 0.330
Circuit 19 7.83 (6.03 - 10.10) 8.29 (6.20 - 11.00) 0.564
Region D - Southeast 7.73 (6.62 - 9.00) 7.30 (6.12 - 8.68) 0.425
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 9.28a (7.49 - 11.45) 6.89 (5.19 - 9.10) 0.005
Circuit 17 (Broward) 6.57 (5.34 - 8.06) 7.60 (6.14 - 9.39) 0.105
Region E - Sun Coast 7.83a (6.89 - 8.88) 9.14 (8.01 - 10.41) 0.009
Circuit 6 7.59 (6.13 - 9.37) 8.38 (6.63 - 10.54) 0.290
Circuit 12 7.43a (5.68 - 9.67) 9.90 (7.40 - 13.13) 0.008
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 7.81b (6.31 - 9.63) 9.05 (7.28 - 11.19) 0.087
Circuit 20 8.39 (6.65 - 10.54) 9.66 (7.52 - 12.33) 0.153
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 5.70a (4.67 - 6.93) 7.37 (6.01 - 9.00) 0.005
Georgia 7.56 (6.55 - 8.72) 7.35 (6.29 - 8.58) 0.649
Region 1 7.40 (5.84 - 9.32) 6.42 (4.93 - 8.31) 0.143
Region 2 7.15 (5.36 - 9.46) 6.59 (4.79 - 9.00) 0.415
Region 3 8.18 (6.50 - 10.24) 8.74 (6.85 - 11.07) 0.505
Region 4 7.30 (5.32 - 9.93) 7.31 (5.18 - 10.22) 0.989
Region 5 7.70 (5.83 - 10.10) 7.09 (5.26 - 9.49) 0.381
Region 6 6.92 (5.15 - 9.23) 6.94 (5.14 - 9.30) 0.974
Hawaii 8.69a (7.32 - 10.30) 10.70 (9.19 - 12.43) 0.003
Hawaii Island 11.28a (8.63 - 14.62) 15.43 (11.74 - 20.02) 0.002
Honolulu 7.73b (6.29 - 9.46) 9.04 (7.48 - 10.87) 0.063
Kauai and Maui 10.81a (8.26 - 14.02) 14.01 (10.82 - 17.95) 0.005
Kauai 10.13a (7.04 - 14.37) 14.40 (10.17 - 20.01) 0.001
Maui 11.11a (8.17 - 14.94) 13.83 (10.11 - 18.64) 0.041
Idaho 7.51a (6.49 - 8.68) 9.20 (8.00 - 10.56) 0.002
Region 1 8.55a (6.47 - 11.21) 10.51 (7.91 - 13.82) 0.046
Region 2 8.03a (5.93 - 10.78) 10.17 (7.43 - 13.77) 0.017
Region 3 6.24a (4.62 - 8.38) 8.19 (6.22 - 10.70) 0.008
Region 4 9.65 (7.86 - 11.80) 10.72 (8.67 - 13.18) 0.270
Region 5 6.20a (4.51 - 8.47) 8.44 (6.13 - 11.51) 0.005
Region 6 6.40a (4.70 - 8.65) 8.19 (6.15 - 10.85) 0.012
Region 7 4.96a (3.72 - 6.59) 6.48 (4.82 - 8.65) 0.011
Illinois 7.31a (6.71 - 7.96) 8.06 (7.43 - 8.75) 0.021
Region I (Cook) 8.04a (7.07 - 9.14) 9.69 (8.53 - 11.00) 0.004
Region II 6.66 (5.81 - 7.64) 6.84 (5.98 - 7.80) 0.705
Region III 7.37 (6.24 - 8.67) 7.33 (6.16 - 8.69) 0.945
Region IV 6.02 (4.79 - 7.53) 6.10 (4.89 - 7.59) 0.870
Region V 7.21 (5.97 - 8.68) 7.75 (6.45 - 9.27) 0.372
Indiana 8.79 (7.68 - 10.03) 8.47 (7.35 - 9.75) 0.527
Central 9.30 (7.40 - 11.62) 8.43 (6.55 - 10.79) 0.320
East 7.96 (5.88 - 10.69) 7.99 (5.89 - 10.77) 0.965
North Central 8.12 (6.23 - 10.50) 8.45 (6.30 - 11.24) 0.694
Northeast 8.37 (6.42 - 10.85) 8.13 (5.97 - 10.96) 0.748
Northwest 8.46 (6.52 - 10.91) 8.31 (6.10 - 11.22) 0.865
Southeast 10.04 (7.81 - 12.81) 9.04 (6.75 - 11.99) 0.296
Southwest 6.58 (4.85 - 8.87) 6.56 (4.64 - 9.19) 0.978
West 10.28 (8.02 - 13.07) 10.29 (7.97 - 13.19) 0.987
Iowa 5.02 (4.28 - 5.89) 5.33 (4.55 - 6.23) 0.376
Central 6.00 (4.55 - 7.86) 6.08 (4.60 - 8.00) 0.893
North Central 4.39 (3.30 - 5.83) 4.99 (3.62 - 6.83) 0.191
Northeast 4.85a (3.76 - 6.24) 5.93 (4.63 - 7.56) 0.037
Northwest 4.20 (3.12 - 5.63) 4.06 (2.98 - 5.51) 0.746
Southeast 5.56 (4.22 - 7.28) 5.53 (4.26 - 7.16) 0.967
Southwest 4.66 (3.38 - 6.39) 4.50 (3.18 - 6.34) 0.729
Kansas 6.84 (5.85 - 7.98) 6.93 (5.89 - 8.14) 0.824
Kansas City Metro 7.95 (6.40 - 9.83) 8.05 (6.45 - 10.01) 0.882
Northeast 6.00 (4.54 - 7.90) 6.43 (4.74 - 8.66) 0.472
South Central 5.27a (3.82 - 7.22) 6.36 (4.57 - 8.80) 0.047
Southeast 6.55 (4.64 - 9.15) 7.03 (4.95 - 9.91) 0.459
West 6.31 (4.60 - 8.60) 5.39 (3.90 - 7.39) 0.108
Wichita (Sedgwick) 7.29 (5.52 - 9.57) 6.65 (4.89 - 9.00) 0.379
Kentucky 7.94b (6.89 - 9.14) 7.11 (6.07 - 8.33) 0.078
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 6.34 (4.71 - 8.47) 5.57 (4.13 - 7.47) 0.199
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 8.79 (7.09 - 10.84) 8.00 (6.35 - 10.03) 0.299
Communicare and River Valley 7.99 (6.04 - 10.51) 6.92 (4.97 - 9.56) 0.173
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 7.17 (5.28 - 9.67) 7.33 (5.26 - 10.13) 0.824
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.72 (4.30 - 7.55) 5.42 (3.91 - 7.47) 0.596
Seven Counties 9.58b (7.59 - 12.03) 8.07 (6.11 - 10.59) 0.084
Louisiana 7.23 (6.22 - 8.40) 6.82 (5.86 - 7.92) 0.377
Regions 1 and 3 7.31 (5.52 - 9.61) 7.06 (5.34 - 9.28) 0.724
Regions 2 and 9 7.97 (6.45 - 9.81) 7.39 (5.93 - 9.18) 0.418
Regions 4, 5, and 6 6.17 (4.79 - 7.92) 6.06 (4.66 - 7.84) 0.848
Regions 7 and 8 7.32 (5.72 - 9.32) 6.66 (5.12 - 8.64) 0.325
Region 10 (Jefferson) 7.75 (5.64 - 10.56) 7.12 (5.05 - 9.96) 0.431
Maine 9.64a (8.48 - 10.94) 11.01 (9.58 - 12.61) 0.036
Aroostook/Downeast 8.43 (6.44 - 10.95) 8.71 (6.63 - 11.36) 0.765
Central 9.61b (7.39 - 12.40) 11.65 (9.05 - 14.88) 0.051
Cumberland 10.03a (8.02 - 12.46) 12.87 (10.30 - 15.98) 0.007
Midcoast 8.60 (6.62 - 11.09) 9.92 (7.43 - 13.12) 0.160
Penquis 10.22 (8.10 - 12.82) 10.35 (7.91 - 13.43) 0.893
Western 9.42a (7.29 - 12.08) 11.40 (8.84 - 14.57) 0.046
York 10.63 (8.33 - 13.47) 10.71 (8.10 - 14.02) 0.946
Maryland 6.82b (5.90 - 7.88) 7.57 (6.41 - 8.92) 0.092
Anne Arundel 6.49 (4.86 - 8.63) 6.88 (4.90 - 9.57) 0.570
Baltimore City 9.57 (7.36 - 12.35) 9.31 (6.82 - 12.59) 0.802
Baltimore County 7.37a (5.67 - 9.52) 9.30 (6.90 - 12.42) 0.013
Montgomery 6.10 (4.57 - 8.10) 6.22 (4.53 - 8.49) 0.843
North Central 6.10 (4.49 - 8.24) 6.92 (4.95 - 9.61) 0.206
Northeast 7.39 (5.44 - 9.96) 7.78 (5.63 - 10.68) 0.615
Prince George's 6.10b (4.55 - 8.15) 7.30 (5.36 - 9.87) 0.062
South 5.90b (4.37 - 7.93) 7.10 (5.15 - 9.71) 0.060
West 6.36 (4.68 - 8.58) 7.10 (5.19 - 9.64) 0.266
Massachusetts 10.08a (8.80 - 11.51) 11.32 (10.01 - 12.78) 0.049
Boston 12.41 (9.56 - 15.94) 12.24 (9.18 - 16.13) 0.889
Central 10.24 (7.91 - 13.16) 10.85 (8.39 - 13.91) 0.519
Metrowest 8.38b (6.70 - 10.43) 9.90 (7.93 - 12.29) 0.055
Northeast 9.11a (7.10 - 11.61) 10.97 (8.64 - 13.83) 0.049
Southeast 10.55 (8.22 - 13.44) 11.83 (9.47 - 14.68) 0.236
Western 11.53 (9.09 - 14.52) 13.22 (10.45 - 16.58) 0.124
Michigan 9.04a (8.42 - 9.70) 10.06 (9.33 - 10.84) 0.006
Detroit City 13.03 (10.81 - 15.63) 14.13 (11.68 - 17.01) 0.389
Genesee 10.25a (8.27 - 12.64) 13.63 (10.80 - 17.05) 0.002
Kalamazoo 9.00 (7.37 - 10.95) 9.27 (7.46 - 11.47) 0.734
Kent 7.85 (6.34 - 9.67) 9.01 (7.21 - 11.22) 0.104
Lakeshore 8.57a (7.02 - 10.42) 10.41 (8.51 - 12.68) 0.017
Macomb 8.29 (6.76 - 10.13) 9.24 (7.48 - 11.38) 0.246
Mid South 9.83 (8.37 - 11.51) 9.96 (8.26 - 11.97) 0.861
Northern 8.01a (6.55 - 9.77) 10.17 (8.31 - 12.39) 0.008
Oakland 8.75 (7.38 - 10.34) 9.50 (7.86 - 11.43) 0.335
Pathways and Western 9.35 (7.30 - 11.90) 10.08 (7.79 - 12.94) 0.445
Riverhaven 7.60a (5.93 - 9.69) 9.37 (7.18 - 12.15) 0.033
Saginaw 8.88b (6.87 - 11.41) 10.34 (7.95 - 13.36) 0.095
Southeast 8.18 (6.95 - 9.59) 8.65 (7.21 - 10.36) 0.479
St. Clair 7.47 (5.69 - 9.75) 6.97 (5.31 - 9.10) 0.487
Washtenaw 9.81 (8.01 - 11.96) 10.71 (8.59 - 13.28) 0.272
Minnesota 7.98b (6.87 - 9.26) 7.12 (6.08 - 8.32) 0.087
Regions 1 and 2 9.57 (7.19 - 12.64) 9.20 (6.90 - 12.18) 0.682
Regions 3 and 4 7.46 (5.84 - 9.47) 6.66 (5.06 - 8.71) 0.252
Regions 5 and 6 6.16 (4.76 - 7.94) 5.52 (4.20 - 7.22) 0.261
Region 7A (Hennepin) 9.05b (7.00 - 11.63) 7.43 (5.66 - 9.71) 0.056
Region 7B (Ramsey) 9.38a (6.87 - 12.69) 7.60 (5.56 - 10.31) 0.041
Region 7C 7.59 (6.03 - 9.51) 7.41 (5.75 - 9.49) 0.803
Mississippi 6.70 (5.75 - 7.79) 6.61 (5.62 - 7.75) 0.841
Region 1 6.96 (5.45 - 8.86) 6.78 (5.25 - 8.72) 0.786
Region 2 8.02 (6.02 - 10.61) 7.00 (5.01 - 9.70) 0.177
Region 3 5.74 (4.21 - 7.78) 5.87 (4.30 - 7.98) 0.822
Region 4 5.96 (4.51 - 7.85) 6.43 (4.94 - 8.34) 0.421
Region 5 6.07 (4.42 - 8.28) 6.23 (4.38 - 8.77) 0.803
Region 6 6.35 (4.71 - 8.50) 7.09 (5.14 - 9.68) 0.251
Region 7 7.38 (5.64 - 9.61) 6.74 (5.03 - 8.97) 0.403
Missouri 7.82 (6.74 - 9.06) 7.49 (6.38 - 8.77) 0.493
Central 6.98 (5.33 - 9.09) 6.89 (5.01 - 9.39) 0.892
Eastern 8.81 (7.21 - 10.72) 8.46 (6.86 - 10.39) 0.613
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 8.61 (6.70 - 11.00) 8.13 (6.30 - 10.43) 0.557
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 9.17 (6.99 - 11.94) 9.04 (6.73 - 12.03) 0.886
Northwest 7.80 (6.27 - 9.66) 7.25 (5.78 - 9.04) 0.369
Northwest (Jackson) 8.81 (6.67 - 11.55) 7.92 (5.92 - 10.53) 0.290
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 6.92 (5.22 - 9.11) 6.66 (4.96 - 8.90) 0.702
Southeast 7.03 (5.37 - 9.14) 5.91 (4.23 - 8.21) 0.128
Southwest 6.91 (5.27 - 9.03) 7.35 (5.45 - 9.84) 0.542
Montana 10.38 (9.14 - 11.77) 10.58 (9.25 - 12.08) 0.772
Region 1 8.20 (5.90 - 11.29) 8.44 (6.13 - 11.50) 0.794
Region 2 7.71 (5.88 - 10.05) 8.81 (6.65 - 11.59) 0.194
Region 3 8.19 (6.47 - 10.33) 8.69 (6.68 - 11.22) 0.577
Region 4 11.27 (9.25 - 13.65) 12.79 (10.48 - 15.53) 0.147
Region 5 12.90 (10.75 - 15.40) 11.30 (9.22 - 13.78) 0.144
Nebraska 6.71 (5.68 - 7.90) 6.82 (5.84 - 7.94) 0.804
Regions 1 and 2 5.80 (4.41 - 7.59) 5.78 (4.35 - 7.65) 0.970
Region 1 5.90 (4.15 - 8.33) 5.86 (4.09 - 8.34) 0.950
Region 2 5.71 (4.07 - 7.96) 5.71 (3.95 - 8.18) 1.000
Region 3 5.61 (4.15 - 7.54) 5.16 (3.79 - 6.99) 0.396
Region 4 5.51 (4.00 - 7.53) 5.56 (3.96 - 7.75) 0.925
Region 5 6.84 (5.40 - 8.64) 6.68 (5.23 - 8.49) 0.809
Region 6 7.56 (6.02 - 9.45) 8.05 (6.53 - 9.89) 0.481
Nevada 9.41 (8.04 - 10.99) 10.31 (8.84 - 12.00) 0.224
Clark 9.13 (7.58 - 10.96) 10.11 (8.44 - 12.08) 0.250
Rural 9.81 (7.45 - 12.82) 9.65 (7.19 - 12.84) 0.878
Washoe 10.33 (7.95 - 13.31) 11.78 (9.22 - 14.93) 0.197
New Hampshire 10.32a (9.08 - 11.71) 11.74 (10.30 - 13.35) 0.041
Central 10.61 (8.87 - 12.64) 11.23 (9.32 - 13.47) 0.455
Central 1 11.03 (8.68 - 13.93) 12.24 (9.56 - 15.53) 0.275
Central 2 10.20 (8.11 - 12.76) 10.26 (8.09 - 12.95) 0.946
Northern 11.53 (8.99 - 14.67) 12.62 (9.71 - 16.25) 0.352
Southern 9.91a (8.51 - 11.52) 11.80 (10.08 - 13.77) 0.018
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 10.17a (8.18 - 12.57) 12.85 (10.24 - 16.01) 0.016
Southern 2 9.75 (8.08 - 11.73) 11.15 (9.16 - 13.51) 0.131
New Jersey 6.51 (5.54 - 7.64) 7.02 (6.00 - 8.21) 0.259
Central 6.66 (5.19 - 8.50) 6.67 (5.09 - 8.69) 0.984
Metropolitan 6.52 (5.01 - 8.45) 7.37 (5.69 - 9.51) 0.208
Northern 5.70 (4.49 - 7.22) 6.65 (5.22 - 8.43) 0.114
Southern 7.55 (5.87 - 9.66) 7.58 (5.85 - 9.78) 0.963
New Mexico 9.26 (7.97 - 10.73) 9.50 (8.20 - 10.98) 0.712
Region 1 8.48 (6.66 - 10.74) 9.61 (7.41 - 12.37) 0.252
Region 2 10.14 (7.65 - 13.31) 10.15 (7.55 - 13.51) 0.991
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 10.78 (8.77 - 13.18) 10.99 (8.91 - 13.49) 0.827
Region 4 7.23 (5.41 - 9.60) 6.85 (4.95 - 9.42) 0.598
Region 5 8.24 (6.38 - 10.57) 8.12 (6.26 - 10.46) 0.875
New York 9.30 (8.59 - 10.07) 9.94 (9.19 - 10.75) 0.115
Region A 9.36 (8.33 - 10.50) 9.67 (8.60 - 10.86) 0.565
Region 1 8.22 (6.47 - 10.40) 9.12 (7.14 - 11.57) 0.267
Region 2 8.80 (7.42 - 10.41) 8.78 (7.39 - 10.41) 0.980
Region 3 13.98 (11.37 - 17.07) 14.74 (11.75 - 18.33) 0.590
Region 4 7.32 (5.80 - 9.19) 7.36 (5.86 - 9.21) 0.958
Region B 8.24a (7.26 - 9.35) 9.66 (8.53 - 10.93) 0.007
Region 5 8.45b (7.12 - 9.99) 9.64 (8.14 - 11.39) 0.096
Region 6 7.21a (5.75 - 9.01) 8.91 (7.13 - 11.07) 0.017
Region 7 9.16a (7.27 - 11.48) 10.86 (8.72 - 13.46) 0.038
Region C 9.98b (9.04 - 11.01) 10.86 (9.79 - 12.04) 0.079
Region 8 11.65 (9.73 - 13.89) 11.84 (9.67 - 14.42) 0.845
Region 9 10.25 (8.44 - 12.39) 10.70 (8.58 - 13.27) 0.623
Region 10 10.22a (8.25 - 12.60) 12.75 (10.08 - 15.99) 0.007
Region 11 7.83a (6.41 - 9.52) 9.70 (7.88 - 11.87) 0.007
Region 12 10.18 (8.51 - 12.14) 10.47 (8.62 - 12.65) 0.719
Region D 10.32 (8.92 - 11.92) 9.53 (8.14 - 11.14) 0.196
Region 13 10.32 (8.21 - 12.91) 9.60 (7.23 - 12.64) 0.441
Region 14 10.14 (8.02 - 12.76) 9.22 (7.22 - 11.70) 0.293
Region 15 10.50 (8.29 - 13.21) 9.78 (7.57 - 12.55) 0.422
North Carolina 7.58a (6.55 - 8.75) 8.58 (7.36 - 9.97) 0.038
CenterPoint/Guilford 8.22 (6.50 - 10.35) 8.38 (6.43 - 10.86) 0.812
CenterPoint 7.83 (5.81 - 10.46) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 8.67 (6.26 - 11.88) 9.06 (6.60 - 12.32) 0.641
Durham 6.53b (5.05 - 8.41) 7.84 (6.04 - 10.14) 0.063
East Carolina 8.41 (6.21 - 11.30) 9.39 (6.90 - 12.67) 0.215
Eastpointe 7.86b (5.69 - 10.78) 9.58 (6.89 - 13.17) 0.055
ECCS 9.71 (7.31 - 12.80) 9.52 (6.90 - 12.99) 0.813
Mecklenburg 7.57 (5.78 - 9.85) 8.77 (6.50 - 11.73) 0.135
Pathways 7.19b (5.40 - 9.50) 8.64 (6.48 - 11.43) 0.068
PBH 7.43 (5.66 - 9.71) 8.58 (6.36 - 11.49) 0.130
Sandhills 7.57 (5.55 - 10.24) 8.48 (5.95 - 11.95) 0.270
Smoky Mountain 7.33 (5.33 - 10.00) 6.77 (4.81 - 9.45) 0.466
Western Highlands 6.97a (5.04 - 9.56) 9.14 (6.53 - 12.65) 0.006
North Dakota 5.79 (4.92 - 6.80) 5.25 (4.46 - 6.18) 0.201
Badlands and West Central 5.27 (4.06 - 6.82) 4.91 (3.74 - 6.43) 0.515
Lake Region and South Central 5.26 (3.84 - 7.16) 5.26 (3.75 - 7.33) 0.994
North Central and Northwest 5.28 (3.88 - 7.15) 4.61 (3.32 - 6.36) 0.232
Northeast 6.32 (4.84 - 8.21) 5.87 (4.34 - 7.89) 0.461
Southeast 6.65b (5.30 - 8.32) 5.68 (4.53 - 7.10) 0.090
Ohio 7.78 (7.22 - 8.39) 7.70 (7.12 - 8.33) 0.784
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 7.23a (5.73 - 9.08) 5.71 (4.41 - 7.35) 0.010
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.86 (4.49 - 7.61) 5.74 (4.38 - 7.49) 0.827
Boards 4 and 78 6.99 (5.35 - 9.09) 6.27 (4.57 - 8.56) 0.259
Boards 5 and 60 8.39 (6.65 - 10.53) 8.10 (6.40 - 10.20) 0.699
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 5.59 (4.34 - 7.16) 5.49 (4.18 - 7.17) 0.846
Boards 8, 13, and 83 7.03b (5.47 - 9.00) 5.92 (4.49 - 7.77) 0.065
Board 9 (Butler) 7.24b (5.55 - 9.39) 8.40 (6.50 - 10.79) 0.091
Board 12 8.05a (6.31 - 10.21) 6.77 (5.21 - 8.76) 0.041
Boards 18 and 47 8.13 (6.88 - 9.59) 8.64 (7.34 - 10.15) 0.420
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.92 (4.51 - 7.75) 5.22 (3.91 - 6.93) 0.152
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 6.73 (5.36 - 8.41) 6.32 (4.81 - 8.26) 0.485
Boards 22, 74, and 87 7.85 (6.11 - 10.03) 7.65 (5.87 - 9.92) 0.752
Boards 23 and 45 6.46 (5.03 - 8.27) 6.59 (5.00 - 8.64) 0.819
Board 25 (Franklin) 10.39 (8.78 - 12.25) 11.13 (9.37 - 13.18) 0.337
Boards 27, 71, and 73 6.74 (5.31 - 8.53) 6.46 (4.94 - 8.42) 0.652
Boards 28, 43, and 67 6.80 (5.46 - 8.44) 7.14 (5.71 - 8.89) 0.569
Board 31 (Hamilton) 9.26 (7.48 - 11.42) 8.23 (6.51 - 10.36) 0.192
Board 48 (Lucas) 8.90 (7.04 - 11.19) 8.59 (6.71 - 10.94) 0.692
Boards 50 and 76 7.25 (5.78 - 9.06) 8.05 (6.32 - 10.21) 0.245
Board 57 (Montgomery) 9.06 (7.20 - 11.34) 8.49 (6.59 - 10.88) 0.486
Board 77 (Summit) 7.46 (5.91 - 9.36) 8.40 (6.61 - 10.63) 0.186
Oklahoma 8.24 (7.02 - 9.64) 9.18 (7.88 - 10.66) 0.118
Central 7.88b (6.00 - 10.30) 9.28 (6.97 - 12.27) 0.096
East Central 8.55 (6.23 - 11.63) 8.36 (5.93 - 11.66) 0.847
Northeast 7.10 (5.14 - 9.73) 7.82 (5.84 - 10.41) 0.366
Northwest and Southwest 7.78a (5.85 - 10.27) 10.58 (8.04 - 13.80) 0.002
Oklahoma County 9.81 (7.56 - 12.63) 9.28 (7.09 - 12.07) 0.577
Southeast 7.36a (5.48 - 9.83) 9.82 (7.27 - 13.12) 0.018
Tulsa County 8.50 (6.49 - 11.07) 8.88 (6.64 - 11.76) 0.666
Oregon 10.79a (9.42 - 12.33) 12.39 (10.86 - 14.11) 0.030
Region 1 (Multnomah) 14.77 (11.76 - 18.38) 17.20 (13.57 - 21.57) 0.138
Region 2 9.38 (7.35 - 11.92) 10.92 (8.58 - 13.81) 0.119
Region 3 10.10b (8.36 - 12.15) 11.80 (9.78 - 14.17) 0.064
Region 4 10.63 (8.15 - 13.76) 11.61 (8.80 - 15.17) 0.406
Region 5 (Central) 10.11 (7.45 - 13.58) 10.73 (7.71 - 14.74) 0.559
Region 6 (Eastern) 8.50 (6.21 - 11.55) 9.81 (7.14 - 13.34) 0.160
Pennsylvania 7.13 (6.55 - 7.76) 7.50 (6.89 - 8.16) 0.220
Region 1 (Allegheny) 8.07a (6.69 - 9.72) 10.29 (8.51 - 12.40) 0.005
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.28 (4.87 - 8.07) 6.72 (5.19 - 8.66) 0.477
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.63 (5.23 - 8.36) 6.48 (5.09 - 8.22) 0.808
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.84 (4.47 - 7.60) 6.51 (4.88 - 8.63) 0.224
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 6.94 (5.64 - 8.53) 7.11 (5.56 - 9.05) 0.775
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.85 (6.75 - 9.11) 8.64 (7.35 - 10.14) 0.193
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.43 (4.93 - 8.34) 6.12 (4.68 - 7.96) 0.574
Regions 17 and 21 6.35 (4.93 - 8.15) 7.03 (5.31 - 9.27) 0.282
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.95 (4.73 - 7.44) 5.12 (4.00 - 6.52) 0.105
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.53 (4.34 - 7.02) 6.11 (4.82 - 7.71) 0.290
Regions 29 and 34 5.02a (3.77 - 6.66) 6.10 (4.65 - 7.97) 0.038
Regions 30 and 50 6.39 (4.98 - 8.15) 6.04 (4.60 - 7.88) 0.551
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 10.48 (8.74 - 12.52) 10.10 (8.43 - 12.06) 0.666
Rhode Island 13.44 (11.90 - 15.15) 13.62 (11.93 - 15.52) 0.822
Bristol and Newport 13.67 (10.65 - 17.39) 12.73 (9.83 - 16.32) 0.410
Kent 11.43 (8.90 - 14.56) 10.86 (8.23 - 14.20) 0.603
Providence 14.51 (12.56 - 16.70) 14.86 (12.68 - 17.35) 0.738
Washington 10.69 (8.32 - 13.64) 12.23 (9.35 - 15.84) 0.148
South Carolina 6.68a (5.75 - 7.75) 8.47 (7.23 - 9.89) 0.001
Region 1 6.43 (4.94 - 8.32) 6.79 (5.19 - 8.83) 0.593
Region 2 7.09a (5.72 - 8.75) 9.40 (7.53 - 11.67) 0.006
Region 3 6.28a (4.79 - 8.18) 8.95 (6.78 - 11.74) 0.001
Region 4 6.75a (5.29 - 8.57) 8.75 (6.70 - 11.36) 0.012
South Dakota 6.44 (5.56 - 7.46) 6.12 (5.16 - 7.24) 0.444
Region 1 6.07 (4.59 - 7.99) 5.48 (4.08 - 7.32) 0.300
Region 2 6.27 (4.99 - 7.86) 5.82 (4.49 - 7.50) 0.452
Region 3 5.97 (4.61 - 7.70) 5.67 (4.30 - 7.43) 0.586
Region 4 7.04 (5.14 - 9.56) 6.87 (4.89 - 9.56) 0.804
Region 5 5.94 (4.38 - 8.02) 5.31 (3.77 - 7.42) 0.300
Region 6 6.28 (4.49 - 8.71) 6.48 (4.41 - 9.42) 0.795
Region 7 7.65 (5.78 - 10.07) 7.57 (5.49 - 10.35) 0.920
Tennessee 8.50a (7.44 - 9.70) 7.16 (6.12 - 8.37) 0.007
Region 1 7.04 (5.21 - 9.45) 6.59 (4.70 - 9.15) 0.537
Region 2 8.14a (6.47 - 10.21) 5.82 (4.38 - 7.70) 0.001
Region 3 8.67 (6.85 - 10.93) 7.47 (5.71 - 9.73) 0.120
Region 4 (Davidson) 11.08 (8.34 - 14.56) 10.50 (7.89 - 13.84) 0.594
Region 5 8.27a (6.58 - 10.36) 5.84 (4.37 - 7.78) 0.001
Region 6 7.74 (5.84 - 10.20) 6.92 (5.01 - 9.49) 0.282
Region 7 (Shelby) 8.85 (6.81 - 11.43) 9.00 (6.76 - 11.89) 0.852
Texas 6.42 (5.89 - 7.00) 6.85 (6.31 - 7.43) 0.144
Region 1 7.27 (5.72 - 9.20) 7.10 (5.50 - 9.11) 0.784
Region 2 6.74 (4.98 - 9.06) 6.35 (4.72 - 8.48) 0.526
Region 3 6.69 (5.80 - 7.70) 7.11 (6.21 - 8.13) 0.352
Region 3a 6.66 (5.57 - 7.94) 7.18 (6.05 - 8.50) 0.363
Region 3bc 6.73 (5.51 - 8.20) 6.98 (5.68 - 8.55) 0.661
Region 4 7.09 (5.54 - 9.02) 7.23 (5.53 - 9.39) 0.842
Region 5 6.19 (4.69 - 8.11) 7.03 (5.33 - 9.23) 0.172
Region 6 6.23 (5.36 - 7.22) 6.55 (5.58 - 7.68) 0.477
Region 6a 6.19 (5.27 - 7.27) 6.60 (5.55 - 7.82) 0.411
Region 6bc 6.50 (4.89 - 8.60) 6.16 (4.52 - 8.33) 0.554
Region 7 8.22 (6.96 - 9.67) 8.79 (7.47 - 10.33) 0.329
Region 7a 8.89 (7.23 - 10.88) 9.62 (7.82 - 11.80) 0.368
Region 7bcd 7.14 (5.62 - 9.03) 7.41 (5.86 - 9.34) 0.655
Region 8 5.74 (4.63 - 7.10) 6.09 (4.90 - 7.55) 0.473
Region 9 5.46a (4.05 - 7.33) 6.95 (5.32 - 9.04) 0.011
Region 10 4.55a (3.37 - 6.12) 5.60 (4.26 - 7.33) 0.029
Region 11 4.69 (3.82 - 5.74) 5.22 (4.24 - 6.41) 0.166
Region 11abd 4.75b (3.67 - 6.13) 5.69 (4.42 - 7.31) 0.051
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 4.57 (3.40 - 6.10) 4.34 (3.21 - 5.84) 0.579
Utah 5.92 (5.02 - 6.98) 5.46 (4.61 - 6.46) 0.261
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 5.64 (4.14 - 7.63) 5.03 (3.62 - 6.95) 0.235
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.58 (3.30 - 6.34) 4.31 (2.99 - 6.19) 0.579
Davis County 5.43 (4.00 - 7.32) 5.60 (4.04 - 7.72) 0.745
Salt Lake County 6.96 (5.55 - 8.71) 6.30 (5.02 - 7.88) 0.317
Utah County 5.21 (3.93 - 6.88) 5.15 (3.86 - 6.84) 0.905
Weber, Morgan 5.70a (4.13 - 7.81) 4.48 (3.07 - 6.50) 0.031
Vermont 11.52a (10.19 - 12.99) 13.21 (11.69 - 14.90) 0.030
Champlain Valley 12.51b (10.64 - 14.65) 14.49 (12.36 - 16.91) 0.077
Rural Northeast 11.01b (8.75 - 13.78) 12.93 (10.40 - 15.98) 0.086
Rural Southeast 11.47 (9.21 - 14.18) 12.66 (10.07 - 15.80) 0.313
Rural Southwest 9.95 (7.75 - 12.70) 11.26 (8.68 - 14.47) 0.230
Virginia 7.54b (6.52 - 8.70) 6.83 (5.83 - 7.98) 0.097
Region 1 7.84 (6.16 - 9.94) 7.26 (5.63 - 9.33) 0.387
Region 2 6.51 (4.95 - 8.53) 5.75 (4.31 - 7.64) 0.216
Region 3 7.54 (5.86 - 9.65) 7.19 (5.53 - 9.30) 0.622
Region 4 8.28b (6.44 - 10.59) 6.85 (5.16 - 9.04) 0.051
Region 5 7.95 (6.20 - 10.14) 7.48 (5.74 - 9.68) 0.515
Washington 9.90 (8.57 - 11.40) 10.59 (9.19 - 12.17) 0.275
Region 1 8.89 (7.28 - 10.83) 8.44 (6.66 - 10.64) 0.508
East 1 (previously Region 1) 9.17 (7.15 - 11.70) 8.42 (6.25 - 11.25) 0.361
East 2 (previously Region 2) 8.51 (6.39 - 11.24) 8.48 (6.07 - 11.72) 0.974
Region 2 10.58 (8.78 - 12.71) 11.34 (9.44 - 13.57) 0.377
North 1 (previously Region 3) 9.89a (7.66 - 12.68) 12.53 (9.75 - 15.97) 0.009
North 2 (previously Region 4) 10.98 (8.75 - 13.70) 10.64 (8.43 - 13.35) 0.751
Region 3 9.60 (7.87 - 11.66) 10.96 (9.03 - 13.25) 0.101
West 1 (previously Region 5) 9.12a (6.96 - 11.86) 11.09 (8.56 - 14.26) 0.046
West 2 (previously Region 6) 10.05 (7.86 - 12.76) 10.84 (8.40 - 13.89) 0.457
West Virginia 7.67 (6.65 - 8.82) 8.06 (6.95 - 9.33) 0.426
Region I 7.29 (5.36 - 9.84) 7.69 (5.54 - 10.59) 0.616
Region II 6.82b (5.21 - 8.89) 8.19 (6.02 - 11.05) 0.092
Region III 6.94 (5.14 - 9.32) 7.02 (5.11 - 9.59) 0.909
Region IV 9.14 (7.37 - 11.27) 8.75 (7.01 - 10.88) 0.618
Region V 8.03 (6.45 - 9.96) 8.72 (6.98 - 10.83) 0.363
Region VI 6.62 (5.09 - 8.56) 6.85 (5.11 - 9.12) 0.750
Wisconsin 8.36 (7.27 - 9.60) 7.94 (6.80 - 9.25) 0.394
Milwaukee 9.73 (7.57 - 12.41) 9.14 (6.92 - 11.99) 0.528
Northeastern 7.25 (5.62 - 9.29) 7.08 (5.46 - 9.13) 0.804
Northern 7.86a (5.90 - 10.40) 6.26 (4.42 - 8.79) 0.036
Southeastern 8.19 (6.48 - 10.30) 7.50 (5.65 - 9.89) 0.353
Southern 8.95 (7.15 - 11.16) 9.21 (7.07 - 11.91) 0.750
Western 8.29 (6.31 - 10.82) 7.90 (5.99 - 10.34) 0.591
Wyoming 7.64a (6.63 - 8.80) 6.65 (5.70 - 7.75) 0.028
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 6.95 (5.29 - 9.08) 6.66 (5.03 - 8.77) 0.661
Judicial District 2 11.02 (8.72 - 13.83) 9.61 (7.46 - 12.29) 0.123
Judicial District 3 6.82a (5.32 - 8.72) 5.13 (3.84 - 6.82) 0.004
Judicial District 4 6.79b (4.86 - 9.41) 5.70 (4.01 - 8.04) 0.087
Judicial District 5 6.12 (4.65 - 8.02) 5.76 (4.24 - 7.78) 0.537
Judicial District 6 6.52 (4.93 - 8.58) 5.76 (4.23 - 7.80) 0.227
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 9.06 (7.12 - 11.48) 7.87 (5.96 - 10.34) 0.154
Judicial District 8 6.00 (4.37 - 8.18) 5.81 (4.17 - 8.05) 0.758
Judicial District 9 9.05b (6.79 - 11.97) 7.46 (5.34 - 10.33) 0.087
120709
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 10.31a (10.09 - 10.55) 11.13 (10.89 - 11.38) 0.000
Northeast 11.11a (10.69 - 11.55) 12.22 (11.75 - 12.70) 0.000
Midwest 10.15b (9.84 - 10.48) 10.45 (10.11 - 10.79) 0.091
South 9.21a (8.90 - 9.54) 9.70 (9.39 - 10.02) 0.003
West 11.56a (11.09 - 12.04) 13.18 (12.68 - 13.69) 0.000
Alabama 8.02 (6.98 - 9.20) 8.62 (7.48 - 9.92) 0.222
Region 1 7.29 (5.79 - 9.14) 7.93 (6.30 - 9.94) 0.348
Region 2 8.17 (6.70 - 9.93) 9.16 (7.47 - 11.20) 0.196
Region 3 9.55 (7.50 - 12.09) 10.39 (8.25 - 13.00) 0.328
Region 4 7.48 (5.81 - 9.59) 7.31 (5.70 - 9.31) 0.814
Alaska 14.35a (12.78 - 16.09) 16.73 (14.87 - 18.77) 0.008
Anchorage 14.34 (12.18 - 16.80) 16.29 (13.87 - 19.04) 0.101
Northern 16.26b (13.36 - 19.63) 18.98 (15.75 - 22.71) 0.051
South Central 13.08a (10.53 - 16.14) 16.27 (13.09 - 20.04) 0.023
Southeast 13.68 (10.39 - 17.79) 15.04 (11.70 - 19.12) 0.326
Arizona 10.04a (8.80 - 11.42) 11.39 (9.94 - 13.01) 0.041
Maricopa 10.41 (8.87 - 12.18) 11.21 (9.48 - 13.22) 0.350
Pima 10.14a (8.03 - 12.71) 13.33 (10.53 - 16.74) 0.002
Rural North 10.11 (7.86 - 12.91) 11.68 (9.08 - 14.90) 0.121
Rural South 8.05b (6.00 - 10.74) 9.58 (7.22 - 12.61) 0.067
Arkansas 10.62 (9.40 - 11.99) 10.02 (8.77 - 11.43) 0.281
Catchment Area 1 11.02a (8.72 - 13.84) 9.11 (7.01 - 11.77) 0.032
Catchment Area 2 10.37 (8.06 - 13.25) 9.11 (6.94 - 11.87) 0.160
Catchment Area 3 11.01 (8.70 - 13.83) 10.71 (8.33 - 13.67) 0.768
Catchment Area 4 9.25 (6.95 - 12.22) 8.73 (6.60 - 11.47) 0.546
Catchment Area 5 11.44 (9.30 - 13.99) 10.51 (8.50 - 12.92) 0.328
Catchment Area 6 9.49 (7.14 - 12.52) 10.78 (8.14 - 14.15) 0.181
Catchment Area 7 9.72 (7.11 - 13.13) 9.38 (6.96 - 12.51) 0.708
Catchment Area 8 11.08 (8.83 - 13.81) 11.08 (8.83 - 13.83) 0.996
California 11.76a (11.03 - 12.53) 13.46 (12.67 - 14.29) 0.000
Region 1R 14.17a (11.46 - 17.40) 22.67 (18.54 - 27.42) 0.000
Region 2R 13.30 (10.75 - 16.34) 15.02 (12.39 - 18.08) 0.123
Region 3R (Sacramento) 15.89 (13.21 - 18.99) 16.19 (13.15 - 19.77) 0.809
Region 4R 15.53 (12.55 - 19.05) 14.42 (11.60 - 17.79) 0.336
Region 5R (San Francisco) 18.27a (14.31 - 23.05) 23.12 (18.66 - 28.26) 0.006
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.17 (8.00 - 12.84) 10.48 (8.36 - 13.07) 0.721
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 13.32 (10.67 - 16.50) 14.12 (11.17 - 17.71) 0.459
Region 8R (Alameda) 12.93a (10.45 - 15.91) 15.32 (12.61 - 18.49) 0.033
Region 9R (San Mateo) 11.22 (8.58 - 14.54) 12.30 (9.71 - 15.47) 0.285
Region 10 14.49b (11.87 - 17.58) 16.42 (13.60 - 19.70) 0.066
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 10.76a (9.74 - 11.87) 12.50 (11.36 - 13.74) 0.001
LA SPA 1 and 5 15.36 (12.24 - 19.09) 16.00 (12.69 - 19.98) 0.628
LA SPA 2 11.14 (9.14 - 13.51) 12.35 (10.21 - 14.86) 0.185
LA SPA 3 8.34a (6.69 - 10.36) 10.71 (8.70 - 13.12) 0.005
LA SPA 4 12.81 (10.12 - 16.07) 14.44 (11.60 - 17.84) 0.155
LA SPA 6 10.20a (7.94 - 13.02) 12.13 (9.63 - 15.15) 0.040
LA SPA 7 7.54a (5.94 - 9.54) 10.01 (7.94 - 12.54) 0.002
LA SPA 8 11.44b (9.20 - 14.13) 13.21 (10.59 - 16.37) 0.094
Region 12R 12.07a (9.36 - 15.44) 15.23 (11.96 - 19.19) 0.006
Regions 13 and 19R 10.89b (9.04 - 13.06) 12.42 (10.33 - 14.86) 0.064
Region 13 (Riverside) 11.07b (9.09 - 13.41) 12.69 (10.46 - 15.30) 0.066
Region 19R (Imperial) 8.67 (6.32 - 11.80) 8.98 (6.84 - 11.69) 0.726
Region 14 (Orange) 9.08 (7.49 - 10.97) 10.22 (8.61 - 12.08) 0.129
Region 15R (Fresno) 10.48 (8.17 - 13.35) 12.02 (9.42 - 15.21) 0.107
Region 16R (San Diego) 12.86 (10.95 - 15.05) 13.66 (11.64 - 15.96) 0.395
Region 17R 10.43 (8.55 - 12.68) 10.33 (8.41 - 12.62) 0.900
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 8.49a (6.84 - 10.50) 11.53 (9.61 - 13.77) 0.000
Region 20R 10.13a (7.98 - 12.79) 13.37 (10.68 - 16.62) 0.001
Region 21R 15.46b (12.61 - 18.80) 17.73 (14.29 - 21.78) 0.075
Colorado 13.48a (12.03 - 15.07) 16.84 (15.04 - 18.81) 0.000
Region 1 12.76a (10.29 - 15.70) 18.13 (14.65 - 22.22) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 14.75a (12.82 - 16.91) 17.95 (15.59 - 20.59) 0.004
Region 3 10.53a (8.33 - 13.23) 13.84 (11.12 - 17.09) 0.002
Region 4 10.79a (8.14 - 14.15) 13.33 (10.11 - 17.38) 0.026
Regions 5 and 6 13.22b (10.11 - 17.10) 15.42 (11.96 - 19.67) 0.084
Connecticut 11.53a (10.26 - 12.94) 13.01 (11.57 - 14.60) 0.015
Eastern 13.59 (10.86 - 16.89) 13.46 (10.57 - 16.99) 0.908
North Central 12.35b (10.28 - 14.78) 14.11 (11.80 - 16.80) 0.087
Northwestern 9.64a (7.66 - 12.05) 12.31 (9.89 - 15.22) 0.004
South Central 12.34a (10.24 - 14.81) 14.52 (12.13 - 17.29) 0.035
Southwest 9.67 (7.62 - 12.21) 9.79 (7.62 - 12.49) 0.891
Delaware 11.14 (9.80 - 12.63) 11.79 (10.43 - 13.31) 0.288
Kent 9.01a (7.07 - 11.43) 10.92 (8.67 - 13.67) 0.033
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 11.47 (9.85 - 13.33) 12.05 (10.32 - 14.03) 0.463
Sussex 9.86 (7.74 - 12.50) 10.56 (8.48 - 13.07) 0.462
Wilmington City 16.39 (12.48 - 21.21) 15.17 (11.90 - 19.14) 0.419
District of Columbia 15.27 (13.62 - 17.07) 15.66 (13.96 - 17.52) 0.660
Ward 1 18.17 (14.54 - 22.46) 18.36 (14.78 - 22.58) 0.919
Ward 2 20.24 (16.88 - 24.07) 18.21 (14.73 - 22.31) 0.260
Ward 3 15.02 (12.04 - 18.60) 13.18 (10.56 - 16.32) 0.152
Ward 4 11.00b (8.51 - 14.11) 13.19 (10.07 - 17.08) 0.069
Ward 5 15.37 (12.15 - 19.25) 14.97 (11.71 - 18.94) 0.777
Ward 6 12.98 (9.82 - 16.97) 14.25 (11.09 - 18.13) 0.377
Ward 7 12.93a (10.14 - 16.35) 15.82 (12.63 - 19.63) 0.034
Ward 8 15.72 (12.61 - 19.44) 17.24 (13.86 - 21.23) 0.295
Florida 9.52a (8.81 - 10.28) 10.56 (9.85 - 11.31) 0.005
Region A - Northwest 11.60 (10.03 - 13.39) 12.23 (10.62 - 14.06) 0.327
Circuit 1 9.65b (7.66 - 12.08) 11.15 (9.07 - 13.63) 0.062
Circuit 2 16.49 (13.40 - 20.13) 15.11 (12.02 - 18.84) 0.271
Circuit 14 9.84 (7.54 - 12.74) 11.04 (8.38 - 14.42) 0.203
Region B - Northeast 11.23 (9.89 - 12.72) 12.10 (10.61 - 13.75) 0.154
Circuits 3 and 8 11.88 (9.63 - 14.58) 12.80 (10.31 - 15.79) 0.349
Circuit 4 11.51b (9.49 - 13.90) 13.07 (10.80 - 15.73) 0.097
Circuit 7 10.45 (8.39 - 12.93) 10.44 (8.27 - 13.10) 0.992
Region C - Central 9.27b (8.28 - 10.35) 10.15 (9.12 - 11.29) 0.062
Circuit 5 8.47 (6.78 - 10.55) 9.04 (7.28 - 11.17) 0.472
Circuit 9 9.38a (7.71 - 11.38) 11.35 (9.50 - 13.49) 0.015
Circuit 10 7.88 (6.08 - 10.15) 8.74 (6.90 - 11.01) 0.256
Circuit 18 10.89 (8.90 - 13.26) 11.26 (9.20 - 13.72) 0.672
Circuit 19 9.34 (7.33 - 11.83) 9.32 (7.18 - 12.02) 0.979
Region D - Southeast 9.30 (8.09 - 10.68) 9.77 (8.55 - 11.13) 0.406
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 11.68a (9.61 - 14.13) 9.21 (7.38 - 11.44) 0.005
Circuit 17 (Broward) 7.55a (6.23 - 9.11) 10.18 (8.63 - 11.97) 0.000
Region E - Sun Coast 10.03b (8.90 - 11.28) 11.00 (9.89 - 12.22) 0.086
Circuit 6 9.10 (7.40 - 11.13) 10.20 (8.45 - 12.26) 0.196
Circuit 12 10.08 (7.78 - 12.98) 11.27 (8.85 - 14.26) 0.228
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 10.59b (8.75 - 12.75) 12.25 (10.33 - 14.48) 0.064
Circuit 20 10.58 (8.58 - 12.99) 10.54 (8.45 - 13.08) 0.967
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 6.53a (5.37 - 7.91) 9.02 (7.70 - 10.54) 0.000
Georgia 10.34 (9.08 - 11.75) 10.47 (9.19 - 11.90) 0.804
Region 1 9.87 (7.87 - 12.31) 10.03 (8.09 - 12.38) 0.849
Region 2 9.35 (7.26 - 11.96) 8.68 (6.54 - 11.43) 0.398
Region 3 11.89 (9.72 - 14.47) 11.99 (9.90 - 14.46) 0.917
Region 4 9.88 (7.30 - 13.26) 9.56 (6.94 - 13.03) 0.712
Region 5 9.99 (7.77 - 12.74) 11.25 (8.84 - 14.23) 0.194
Region 6 9.17 (6.98 - 11.94) 9.38 (7.22 - 12.10) 0.784
Hawaii 9.98a (8.65 - 11.48) 11.66 (10.23 - 13.27) 0.011
Hawaii Island 12.56a (9.80 - 15.96) 17.74 (14.03 - 22.17) 0.000
Honolulu 9.24 (7.82 - 10.89) 9.81 (8.36 - 11.47) 0.414
Kauai and Maui 11.08a (8.76 - 13.93) 14.65 (11.74 - 18.13) 0.001
Kauai 10.35a (7.41 - 14.29) 14.98 (10.99 - 20.11) 0.000
Maui 11.42a (8.71 - 14.82) 14.50 (11.11 - 18.70) 0.014
Idaho 9.18a (8.11 - 10.37) 11.60 (10.27 - 13.07) 0.000
Region 1 10.42a (8.23 - 13.11) 12.85 (10.04 - 16.31) 0.022
Region 2 10.38 (7.77 - 13.74) 11.92 (9.02 - 15.60) 0.136
Region 3 7.16a (5.51 - 9.27) 9.70 (7.69 - 12.17) 0.001
Region 4 12.23a (10.28 - 14.48) 14.25 (11.99 - 16.85) 0.045
Region 5 7.54a (5.70 - 9.91) 10.62 (8.15 - 13.72) 0.000
Region 6 8.20a (6.20 - 10.76) 11.13 (8.72 - 14.10) 0.001
Region 7 5.07a (3.82 - 6.69) 7.64 (5.82 - 9.96) 0.000
Illinois 9.57a (8.91 - 10.27) 10.73 (10.03 - 11.47) 0.001
Region I (Cook) 10.01a (9.00 - 11.12) 12.05 (10.90 - 13.30) 0.000
Region II 9.18 (8.20 - 10.28) 9.76 (8.76 - 10.88) 0.271
Region III 10.04 (8.64 - 11.64) 10.58 (9.25 - 12.07) 0.424
Region IV 8.29 (6.83 - 10.05) 9.14 (7.50 - 11.10) 0.239
Region V 9.33 (7.91 - 10.98) 9.83 (8.42 - 11.46) 0.463
Indiana 10.10 (8.91 - 11.43) 10.02 (8.82 - 11.35) 0.867
Central 9.92 (8.03 - 12.19) 10.38 (8.40 - 12.75) 0.600
East 9.32 (7.04 - 12.24) 8.82 (6.76 - 11.44) 0.551
North Central 9.30 (7.30 - 11.76) 9.46 (7.42 - 11.98) 0.851
Northeast 10.21 (7.84 - 13.18) 9.52 (7.26 - 12.39) 0.408
Northwest 10.83 (8.48 - 13.74) 10.22 (7.93 - 13.09) 0.503
Southeast 9.71 (7.51 - 12.47) 9.46 (7.26 - 12.24) 0.776
Southwest 7.58 (5.58 - 10.22) 7.96 (5.82 - 10.79) 0.623
West 13.56 (10.94 - 16.69) 13.12 (10.59 - 16.14) 0.666
Iowa 7.11a (6.19 - 8.17) 8.00 (7.02 - 9.10) 0.045
Central 8.39 (6.59 - 10.63) 8.53 (6.77 - 10.70) 0.858
North Central 6.64a (5.11 - 8.59) 8.31 (6.33 - 10.82) 0.023
Northeast 6.89a (5.49 - 8.61) 9.06 (7.38 - 11.08) 0.001
Northwest 5.09b (3.82 - 6.76) 6.13 (4.73 - 7.93) 0.068
Southeast 8.44 (6.64 - 10.66) 7.82 (6.24 - 9.76) 0.405
Southwest 6.40 (4.78 - 8.52) 7.45 (5.52 - 10.00) 0.111
Kansas 9.16 (8.04 - 10.42) 9.12 (7.99 - 10.39) 0.938
Kansas City Metro 10.62 (8.89 - 12.65) 10.37 (8.68 - 12.34) 0.743
Northeast 8.89 (7.03 - 11.17) 8.68 (6.78 - 11.04) 0.793
South Central 6.86 (5.10 - 9.18) 7.42 (5.47 - 9.99) 0.440
Southeast 8.99 (6.58 - 12.16) 9.34 (6.83 - 12.65) 0.689
West 8.48 (6.36 - 11.24) 8.05 (6.16 - 10.46) 0.585
Wichita (Sedgwick) 8.90 (6.95 - 11.33) 9.02 (7.07 - 11.44) 0.892
Kentucky 9.56a (8.43 - 10.82) 8.34 (7.29 - 9.53) 0.014
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 6.84 (5.16 - 9.02) 6.25 (4.73 - 8.20) 0.345
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 10.98a (9.06 - 13.25) 9.37 (7.74 - 11.31) 0.046
Communicare and River Valley 8.82 (6.78 - 11.39) 8.23 (6.21 - 10.83) 0.458
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 8.93 (6.71 - 11.78) 8.50 (6.46 - 11.11) 0.606
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 7.24 (5.61 - 9.28) 6.23 (4.62 - 8.34) 0.148
Seven Counties 11.72a (9.52 - 14.35) 9.75 (7.73 - 12.24) 0.037
Louisiana 9.29a (8.12 - 10.62) 8.19 (7.09 - 9.45) 0.028
Regions 1 and 3 10.43a (8.04 - 13.44) 8.12 (6.27 - 10.44) 0.010
Regions 2 and 9 9.69 (7.99 - 11.70) 8.88 (7.29 - 10.78) 0.261
Regions 4, 5, and 6 8.31b (6.56 - 10.47) 7.09 (5.54 - 9.04) 0.099
Regions 7 and 8 9.36 (7.39 - 11.80) 8.25 (6.58 - 10.29) 0.149
Region 10 (Jefferson) 8.85 (6.64 - 11.69) 9.20 (6.82 - 12.28) 0.684
Maine 12.61a (11.22 - 14.15) 13.98 (12.52 - 15.57) 0.050
Aroostook/Downeast 10.84 (8.56 - 13.64) 11.33 (9.00 - 14.18) 0.636
Central 12.07 (9.48 - 15.25) 13.91 (11.21 - 17.14) 0.122
Cumberland 13.14b (10.81 - 15.89) 15.28 (12.74 - 18.22) 0.052
Midcoast 11.99 (9.44 - 15.11) 12.62 (9.91 - 15.93) 0.588
Penquis 13.67 (11.18 - 16.61) 13.89 (11.30 - 16.97) 0.843
Western 12.94 (10.19 - 16.30) 15.11 (12.25 - 18.49) 0.101
York 13.04 (10.50 - 16.09) 14.35 (11.49 - 17.77) 0.247
Maryland 10.05 (8.82 - 11.43) 10.29 (8.93 - 11.83) 0.635
Anne Arundel 9.56 (7.42 - 12.25) 9.39 (7.24 - 12.09) 0.828
Baltimore City 12.35 (9.52 - 15.88) 13.21 (9.95 - 17.32) 0.490
Baltimore County 10.98 (8.67 - 13.80) 11.36 (8.83 - 14.49) 0.682
Montgomery 9.32 (7.32 - 11.80) 9.18 (7.20 - 11.64) 0.860
North Central 8.80 (6.70 - 11.48) 8.46 (6.38 - 11.15) 0.645
Northeast 10.03 (7.70 - 12.97) 9.61 (7.29 - 12.59) 0.613
Prince George's 10.50 (8.28 - 13.23) 11.88 (9.25 - 15.13) 0.129
South 8.56 (6.50 - 11.18) 9.35 (7.05 - 12.31) 0.331
West 9.38 (7.15 - 12.20) 8.50 (6.40 - 11.21) 0.277
Massachusetts 13.29a (11.88 - 14.84) 15.19 (13.66 - 16.85) 0.006
Boston 15.33 (12.14 - 19.18) 16.71 (13.21 - 20.90) 0.322
Central 13.50 (10.78 - 16.78) 14.80 (11.87 - 18.31) 0.248
Metrowest 11.78 (9.73 - 14.19) 13.21 (11.03 - 15.73) 0.139
Northeast 11.42a (9.30 - 13.96) 13.75 (11.29 - 16.65) 0.032
Southeast 13.58 (10.94 - 16.73) 15.46 (12.79 - 18.57) 0.130
Western 16.24a (13.33 - 19.64) 19.41 (16.09 - 23.22) 0.022
Michigan 11.70a (11.02 - 12.41) 12.65 (11.89 - 13.44) 0.013
Detroit City 16.02 (13.58 - 18.80) 17.54 (14.87 - 20.57) 0.235
Genesee 12.23a (10.08 - 14.78) 16.46 (13.52 - 19.88) 0.001
Kalamazoo 10.94 (9.07 - 13.13) 12.38 (10.35 - 14.75) 0.110
Kent 10.96 (9.10 - 13.14) 12.27 (10.27 - 14.59) 0.140
Lakeshore 11.18b (9.35 - 13.33) 12.90 (10.91 - 15.18) 0.055
Macomb 10.52 (8.84 - 12.47) 10.81 (9.09 - 12.81) 0.714
Mid South 12.92 (11.23 - 14.82) 12.28 (10.52 - 14.29) 0.460
Northern 10.76 (9.05 - 12.74) 12.13 (10.29 - 14.24) 0.112
Oakland 11.58 (9.98 - 13.41) 11.66 (9.98 - 13.59) 0.922
Pathways and Western 11.51a (9.33 - 14.11) 13.67 (11.18 - 16.61) 0.030
Riverhaven 8.93 (7.09 - 11.20) 10.32 (8.25 - 12.84) 0.103
Saginaw 12.40 (9.89 - 15.44) 12.22 (9.68 - 15.31) 0.870
Southeast 10.87 (9.40 - 12.54) 11.66 (9.97 - 13.58) 0.346
St. Clair 9.89 (7.71 - 12.61) 10.20 (8.21 - 12.61) 0.721
Washtenaw 13.29 (11.11 - 15.83) 14.14 (11.87 - 16.76) 0.374
Minnesota 10.84 (9.57 - 12.26) 10.57 (9.34 - 11.93) 0.616
Regions 1 and 2 11.18 (8.67 - 14.30) 12.61 (9.89 - 15.96) 0.156
Regions 3 and 4 9.89 (8.04 - 12.10) 10.93 (8.88 - 13.38) 0.205
Regions 5 and 6 9.58 (7.72 - 11.82) 9.04 (7.29 - 11.17) 0.489
Region 7A (Hennepin) 12.18a (9.70 - 15.20) 9.95 (7.96 - 12.36) 0.021
Region 7B (Ramsey) 14.20a (10.86 - 18.36) 10.88 (8.33 - 14.08) 0.005
Region 7C 9.76b (7.95 - 11.94) 11.12 (9.04 - 13.62) 0.096
Mississippi 7.46 (6.47 - 8.60) 8.16 (7.13 - 9.32) 0.108
Region 1 7.93 (6.23 - 10.04) 9.06 (7.35 - 11.13) 0.121
Region 2 8.01 (5.93 - 10.72) 8.31 (6.15 - 11.14) 0.711
Region 3 7.10 (5.45 - 9.20) 6.67 (5.08 - 8.72) 0.518
Region 4 7.28 (5.59 - 9.44) 7.81 (6.24 - 9.74) 0.452
Region 5 6.96a (5.04 - 9.54) 8.65 (6.35 - 11.66) 0.027
Region 6 6.92b (5.15 - 9.24) 8.36 (6.28 - 11.05) 0.054
Region 7 7.45 (5.78 - 9.54) 8.17 (6.30 - 10.54) 0.296
Missouri 9.81 (8.69 - 11.05) 9.66 (8.45 - 11.02) 0.785
Central 8.46 (6.67 - 10.67) 8.38 (6.42 - 10.87) 0.918
Eastern 11.41 (9.62 - 13.48) 11.38 (9.58 - 13.46) 0.971
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 11.61 (9.42 - 14.22) 11.58 (9.40 - 14.18) 0.976
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 11.03 (8.56 - 14.11) 11.02 (8.63 - 13.97) 0.991
Northwest 9.65 (7.96 - 11.64) 9.42 (7.80 - 11.32) 0.744
Northwest (Jackson) 11.05 (8.66 - 14.01) 10.51 (8.27 - 13.26) 0.587
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 8.42 (6.49 - 10.86) 8.48 (6.62 - 10.81) 0.939
Southeast 8.04 (6.30 - 10.21) 7.82 (5.86 - 10.37) 0.786
Southwest 8.86 (7.00 - 11.15) 8.54 (6.63 - 10.94) 0.700
Montana 12.66b (11.35 - 14.10) 13.88 (12.42 - 15.47) 0.072
Region 1 9.58 (7.17 - 12.68) 11.13 (8.51 - 14.43) 0.114
Region 2 9.01a (7.12 - 11.36) 12.49 (10.01 - 15.48) 0.000
Region 3 10.60 (8.58 - 13.02) 10.78 (8.67 - 13.34) 0.841
Region 4 14.46a (12.25 - 16.99) 16.91 (14.50 - 19.63) 0.030
Region 5 15.02 (12.77 - 17.57) 14.67 (12.41 - 17.26) 0.756
Nebraska 8.79 (7.69 - 10.02) 9.49 (8.33 - 10.80) 0.162
Regions 1 and 2 7.77 (6.02 - 9.98) 8.63 (6.74 - 10.99) 0.173
Region 1 7.60 (5.49 - 10.43) 7.99 (5.81 - 10.91) 0.604
Region 2 7.92 (5.77 - 10.79) 9.18 (6.74 - 12.37) 0.115
Region 3 7.37 (5.59 - 9.65) 6.92 (5.23 - 9.10) 0.513
Region 4 7.34 (5.60 - 9.56) 7.78 (5.73 - 10.49) 0.553
Region 5 9.05 (7.40 - 11.03) 9.08 (7.40 - 11.09) 0.966
Region 6 9.77b (8.11 - 11.73) 11.26 (9.48 - 13.34) 0.062
Nevada 10.67 (9.18 - 12.37) 11.77 (10.24 - 13.49) 0.140
Clark 9.90b (8.25 - 11.83) 11.52 (9.80 - 13.50) 0.060
Rural 12.21 (9.55 - 15.49) 11.66 (9.06 - 14.88) 0.606
Washoe 12.80 (10.09 - 16.10) 12.98 (10.43 - 16.03) 0.877
New Hampshire 14.22 (12.81 - 15.76) 14.88 (13.29 - 16.61) 0.402
Central 14.31 (12.28 - 16.62) 15.32 (13.14 - 17.79) 0.310
Central 1 14.49a (11.82 - 17.64) 17.09 (14.02 - 20.68) 0.040
Central 2 14.14 (11.48 - 17.29) 13.64 (11.07 - 16.71) 0.679
Northern 17.05 (13.79 - 20.89) 16.26 (12.98 - 20.18) 0.586
Southern 13.56 (11.94 - 15.35) 14.35 (12.57 - 16.35) 0.352
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 14.99 (12.50 - 17.86) 15.77 (12.98 - 19.02) 0.532
Southern 2 12.67 (10.75 - 14.88) 13.48 (11.42 - 15.84) 0.420
New Jersey 8.63a (7.57 - 9.83) 9.78 (8.53 - 11.18) 0.031
Central 9.32 (7.46 - 11.58) 10.52 (8.44 - 13.04) 0.167
Metropolitan 8.04 (6.43 - 10.01) 8.83 (7.11 - 10.91) 0.272
Northern 7.63a (6.19 - 9.37) 9.26 (7.56 - 11.30) 0.019
Southern 10.03 (8.08 - 12.39) 10.75 (8.66 - 13.26) 0.435
New Mexico 10.83 (9.61 - 12.18) 11.40 (10.06 - 12.90) 0.359
Region 1 11.14 (9.27 - 13.34) 11.92 (9.80 - 14.43) 0.395
Region 2 11.56 (9.06 - 14.65) 11.35 (8.89 - 14.39) 0.845
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 11.94 (9.97 - 14.24) 12.70 (10.63 - 15.11) 0.442
Region 4 8.33 (6.42 - 10.74) 9.41 (7.14 - 12.30) 0.206
Region 5 9.74 (7.78 - 12.14) 10.04 (8.06 - 12.43) 0.733
New York 11.80a (11.04 - 12.61) 12.77 (11.98 - 13.61) 0.019
Region A 11.13a (10.05 - 12.31) 12.37 (11.19 - 13.65) 0.033
Region 1 9.85 (7.91 - 12.21) 11.16 (9.01 - 13.75) 0.170
Region 2 11.08b (9.52 - 12.85) 12.42 (10.81 - 14.24) 0.097
Region 3 16.63 (13.85 - 19.84) 17.22 (14.21 - 20.70) 0.686
Region 4 7.84a (6.45 - 9.49) 9.37 (7.75 - 11.27) 0.032
Region B 10.75a (9.64 - 11.99) 11.93 (10.80 - 13.17) 0.027
Region 5 10.61 (9.16 - 12.26) 11.19 (9.76 - 12.81) 0.403
Region 6 9.49a (7.69 - 11.64) 11.83 (9.94 - 14.01) 0.005
Region 7 13.17 (10.75 - 16.04) 14.45 (12.12 - 17.13) 0.206
Region C 13.32a (12.19 - 14.53) 14.47 (13.28 - 15.74) 0.042
Region 8 15.18 (12.91 - 17.77) 15.93 (13.61 - 18.56) 0.495
Region 9 12.93 (10.75 - 15.47) 13.55 (11.32 - 16.13) 0.532
Region 10 14.31a (11.90 - 17.13) 16.81 (13.81 - 20.31) 0.035
Region 11 11.90b (10.02 - 14.08) 13.68 (11.60 - 16.06) 0.053
Region 12 12.92 (10.95 - 15.18) 13.74 (11.65 - 16.13) 0.382
Region D 14.11a (12.42 - 15.99) 12.54 (10.94 - 14.34) 0.031
Region 13 13.72 (11.16 - 16.76) 12.88 (10.16 - 16.20) 0.446
Region 14 14.20 (11.60 - 17.28) 13.15 (10.80 - 15.93) 0.322
Region 15 14.36a (11.67 - 17.55) 11.64 (9.29 - 14.49) 0.010
North Carolina 9.85b (8.69 - 11.15) 10.77 (9.53 - 12.15) 0.063
CenterPoint/Guilford 9.80b (7.79 - 12.26) 11.15 (9.00 - 13.74) 0.061
CenterPoint 9.10 (6.79 - 12.10) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 10.59b (7.78 - 14.25) 12.47 (9.58 - 16.07) 0.072
Durham 9.07 (7.21 - 11.36) 9.86 (7.95 - 12.18) 0.312
East Carolina 12.68 (9.68 - 16.43) 13.65 (10.42 - 17.67) 0.421
Eastpointe 9.47b (6.98 - 12.71) 11.40 (8.59 - 14.99) 0.055
ECCS 13.46 (10.43 - 17.21) 13.32 (10.11 - 17.34) 0.890
Mecklenburg 10.10a (7.88 - 12.87) 13.15 (10.38 - 16.53) 0.002
Pathways 8.92 (6.85 - 11.53) 9.25 (7.14 - 11.91) 0.679
PBH 9.59 (7.43 - 12.29) 9.69 (7.38 - 12.63) 0.905
Sandhills 9.89 (7.41 - 13.10) 10.20 (7.52 - 13.69) 0.737
Smoky Mountain 8.69 (6.42 - 11.67) 8.16 (6.05 - 10.92) 0.528
Western Highlands 8.64a (6.26 - 11.82) 10.51 (7.95 - 13.77) 0.039
North Dakota 8.19 (7.24 - 9.27) 8.09 (7.13 - 9.18) 0.825
Badlands and West Central 7.66 (6.22 - 9.40) 7.20 (5.79 - 8.93) 0.478
Lake Region and South Central 6.67 (5.01 - 8.81) 7.48 (5.75 - 9.68) 0.247
North Central and Northwest 6.70 (5.20 - 8.60) 6.92 (5.37 - 8.87) 0.735
Northeast 9.36 (7.49 - 11.63) 10.36 (8.25 - 12.94) 0.208
Southeast 9.95 (8.26 - 11.95) 8.88 (7.40 - 10.64) 0.175
Ohio 10.59 (9.92 - 11.30) 10.21 (9.55 - 10.91) 0.260
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 8.35 (6.77 - 10.26) 7.87 (6.36 - 9.70) 0.443
Boards 3, 52, and 85 8.39 (6.55 - 10.69) 8.90 (6.99 - 11.28) 0.487
Boards 4 and 78 9.04 (7.08 - 11.49) 9.14 (7.04 - 11.79) 0.902
Boards 5 and 60 10.85 (8.87 - 13.22) 11.18 (9.14 - 13.61) 0.708
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 7.30 (5.76 - 9.21) 7.29 (5.75 - 9.19) 0.979
Boards 8, 13, and 83 9.43 (7.51 - 11.77) 8.59 (6.86 - 10.70) 0.265
Board 9 (Butler) 9.82 (7.60 - 12.59) 10.44 (8.31 - 13.03) 0.472
Board 12 11.38a (9.29 - 13.86) 9.05 (7.34 - 11.12) 0.003
Boards 18 and 47 10.12 (8.72 - 11.71) 10.52 (9.14 - 12.08) 0.566
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 8.40b (6.49 - 10.80) 7.20 (5.61 - 9.20) 0.089
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 9.80 (8.00 - 11.94) 9.06 (7.19 - 11.35) 0.365
Boards 22, 74, and 87 10.93b (8.61 - 13.77) 9.48 (7.62 - 11.75) 0.076
Boards 23 and 45 10.12 (8.13 - 12.54) 9.33 (7.37 - 11.74) 0.316
Board 25 (Franklin) 14.22 (12.30 - 16.38) 13.69 (11.89 - 15.71) 0.560
Boards 27, 71, and 73 7.45 (5.88 - 9.39) 7.83 (6.09 - 10.00) 0.604
Boards 28, 43, and 67 10.09 (8.37 - 12.12) 10.17 (8.42 - 12.24) 0.917
Board 31 (Hamilton) 14.29a (12.03 - 16.90) 12.23 (10.25 - 14.54) 0.034
Board 48 (Lucas) 14.30 (11.67 - 17.42) 12.53 (10.23 - 15.26) 0.101
Boards 50 and 76 9.40 (7.72 - 11.40) 10.01 (8.13 - 12.27) 0.410
Board 57 (Montgomery) 11.55 (9.37 - 14.16) 10.93 (8.90 - 13.36) 0.497
Board 77 (Summit) 10.54 (8.57 - 12.90) 11.15 (9.18 - 13.48) 0.473
Oklahoma 8.74a (7.53 - 10.13) 10.23 (8.89 - 11.75) 0.006
Central 7.78a (5.89 - 10.20) 9.74 (7.51 - 12.55) 0.015
East Central 7.66a (5.61 - 10.39) 9.83 (7.38 - 12.99) 0.010
Northeast 7.47a (5.49 - 10.09) 9.57 (7.42 - 12.26) 0.013
Northwest and Southwest 7.49a (5.63 - 9.91) 10.78 (8.38 - 13.77) 0.000
Oklahoma County 12.21b (9.56 - 15.46) 10.22 (7.88 - 13.15) 0.073
Southeast 7.66a (5.80 - 10.05) 10.46 (8.09 - 13.42) 0.001
Tulsa County 9.23b (7.14 - 11.84) 10.79 (8.54 - 13.55) 0.072
Oregon 13.37a (11.93 - 14.96) 14.79 (13.27 - 16.46) 0.044
Region 1 (Multnomah) 16.72a (13.60 - 20.39) 20.59 (17.03 - 24.68) 0.017
Region 2 12.68 (10.34 - 15.46) 12.54 (10.29 - 15.20) 0.894
Region 3 12.57a (10.68 - 14.72) 14.95 (12.79 - 17.41) 0.015
Region 4 13.18 (10.57 - 16.33) 12.29 (9.68 - 15.48) 0.445
Region 5 (Central) 13.71 (10.36 - 17.91) 14.57 (11.09 - 18.92) 0.496
Region 6 (Eastern) 10.10 (7.48 - 13.50) 11.21 (8.53 - 14.59) 0.280
Pennsylvania 9.33a (8.68 - 10.03) 10.22 (9.51 - 10.97) 0.012
Region 1 (Allegheny) 10.09a (8.59 - 11.82) 12.14 (10.31 - 14.25) 0.015
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 8.59 (6.87 - 10.68) 9.06 (7.34 - 11.15) 0.533
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 8.06 (6.55 - 9.88) 8.55 (6.93 - 10.50) 0.495
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 8.10 (6.33 - 10.30) 9.01 (7.03 - 11.49) 0.215
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 9.63 (8.06 - 11.46) 10.53 (8.60 - 12.84) 0.261
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 11.11 (9.77 - 12.61) 11.83 (10.44 - 13.38) 0.295
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 7.72 (6.08 - 9.76) 8.53 (6.74 - 10.75) 0.271
Regions 17 and 21 9.67 (7.82 - 11.90) 10.80 (8.65 - 13.42) 0.171
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 7.91 (6.47 - 9.63) 8.10 (6.65 - 9.84) 0.762
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.58b (5.19 - 8.31) 7.80 (6.36 - 9.54) 0.063
Regions 29 and 34 6.50a (5.00 - 8.41) 7.89 (6.20 - 9.99) 0.032
Regions 30 and 50 8.57 (6.97 - 10.49) 8.41 (6.73 - 10.45) 0.830
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 12.50 (10.69 - 14.57) 13.89 (11.95 - 16.08) 0.158
Rhode Island 16.08 (14.50 - 17.80) 16.07 (14.37 - 17.94) 0.995
Bristol and Newport 16.25 (12.91 - 20.26) 15.53 (12.40 - 19.28) 0.561
Kent 14.57 (11.88 - 17.76) 13.82 (11.04 - 17.17) 0.528
Providence 16.80 (14.76 - 19.05) 16.66 (14.52 - 19.04) 0.900
Washington 14.40b (11.62 - 17.70) 16.79 (13.65 - 20.48) 0.056
South Carolina 8.45a (7.40 - 9.64) 9.87 (8.67 - 11.23) 0.005
Region 1 7.66a (6.02 - 9.71) 9.48 (7.65 - 11.69) 0.021
Region 2 9.38 (7.79 - 11.26) 10.03 (8.31 - 12.06) 0.412
Region 3 8.30 (6.40 - 10.71) 9.59 (7.46 - 12.24) 0.137
Region 4 8.29a (6.71 - 10.22) 10.28 (8.34 - 12.61) 0.009
South Dakota 8.49 (7.51 - 9.58) 8.74 (7.69 - 9.92) 0.549
Region 1 8.67 (6.84 - 10.92) 7.80 (6.08 - 9.96) 0.254
Region 2 8.52 (7.01 - 10.34) 8.30 (6.76 - 10.15) 0.737
Region 3 7.68 (6.10 - 9.63) 8.52 (6.93 - 10.45) 0.221
Region 4 9.63 (7.39 - 12.47) 9.81 (7.31 - 13.05) 0.840
Region 5 7.26 (5.51 - 9.51) 7.52 (5.71 - 9.85) 0.717
Region 6 6.87a (5.18 - 9.07) 8.59 (6.29 - 11.62) 0.018
Region 7 9.94 (7.85 - 12.51) 10.83 (8.48 - 13.72) 0.321
Tennessee 9.99 (8.80 - 11.31) 9.58 (8.37 - 10.94) 0.419
Region 1 7.93 (5.91 - 10.56) 7.99 (5.93 - 10.69) 0.941
Region 2 9.16b (7.37 - 11.33) 7.59 (5.88 - 9.73) 0.052
Region 3 10.13 (8.00 - 12.74) 9.35 (7.33 - 11.86) 0.386
Region 4 (Davidson) 11.95a (9.08 - 15.58) 14.36 (11.41 - 17.91) 0.049
Region 5 10.16 (8.19 - 12.55) 8.94 (7.04 - 11.30) 0.162
Region 6 8.13 (6.21 - 10.56) 8.79 (6.65 - 11.54) 0.387
Region 7 (Shelby) 11.87 (9.32 - 14.99) 11.83 (9.29 - 14.95) 0.968
Texas 7.85a (7.27 - 8.47) 8.70 (8.10 - 9.33) 0.005
Region 1 9.73 (7.77 - 12.13) 9.79 (7.95 - 12.01) 0.946
Region 2 9.13 (6.99 - 11.83) 8.62 (6.64 - 11.12) 0.514
Region 3 7.78a (6.88 - 8.78) 8.81 (7.81 - 9.92) 0.020
Region 3a 7.31b (6.22 - 8.57) 8.32 (7.14 - 9.66) 0.060
Region 3bc 8.60 (7.26 - 10.16) 9.67 (8.20 - 11.39) 0.107
Region 4 7.39a (5.79 - 9.39) 9.21 (7.31 - 11.55) 0.012
Region 5 7.36b (5.67 - 9.50) 8.59 (6.72 - 10.90) 0.073
Region 6 7.23b (6.31 - 8.26) 8.05 (7.06 - 9.18) 0.088
Region 6a 7.09 (6.13 - 8.20) 7.85 (6.78 - 9.06) 0.149
Region 6bc 8.32b (6.39 - 10.76) 9.75 (7.63 - 12.38) 0.053
Region 7 10.96 (9.59 - 12.50) 11.60 (10.15 - 13.22) 0.303
Region 7a 11.93 (10.07 - 14.08) 12.29 (10.40 - 14.47) 0.669
Region 7bcd 9.40 (7.57 - 11.61) 10.45 (8.56 - 12.70) 0.187
Region 8 7.47 (6.20 - 8.98) 8.12 (6.78 - 9.69) 0.277
Region 9 6.82a (5.19 - 8.92) 8.50 (6.67 - 10.77) 0.012
Region 10 5.77a (4.39 - 7.55) 6.99 (5.37 - 9.04) 0.039
Region 11 6.34 (5.26 - 7.61) 6.80 (5.71 - 8.07) 0.356
Region 11abd 6.65 (5.29 - 8.32) 7.33 (5.91 - 9.06) 0.272
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.76 (4.36 - 7.56) 5.81 (4.49 - 7.48) 0.923
Utah 6.89 (5.93 - 7.98) 6.73 (5.81 - 7.79) 0.726
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 7.09 (5.32 - 9.41) 6.72 (4.99 - 8.98) 0.586
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.05 (3.64 - 6.98) 5.76 (4.26 - 7.73) 0.237
Davis County 6.20 (4.58 - 8.34) 6.73 (5.06 - 8.91) 0.426
Salt Lake County 8.30 (6.82 - 10.06) 7.72 (6.35 - 9.35) 0.379
Utah County 5.43 (4.09 - 7.17) 5.40 (4.13 - 7.03) 0.959
Weber, Morgan 6.85 (5.04 - 9.23) 6.65 (4.82 - 9.11) 0.778
Vermont 15.99 (14.41 - 17.71) 16.74 (15.13 - 18.49) 0.354
Champlain Valley 17.76 (15.60 - 20.16) 17.73 (15.56 - 20.13) 0.975
Rural Northeast 14.24a (11.65 - 17.29) 17.37 (14.60 - 20.53) 0.015
Rural Southeast 16.89 (14.02 - 20.21) 16.61 (13.67 - 20.03) 0.834
Rural Southwest 13.17 (10.52 - 16.36) 13.59 (11.03 - 16.63) 0.709
Virginia 9.82 (8.64 - 11.14) 9.77 (8.60 - 11.07) 0.923
Region 1 10.19 (8.20 - 12.60) 9.73 (7.89 - 11.94) 0.574
Region 2 8.28 (6.52 - 10.47) 8.41 (6.73 - 10.47) 0.857
Region 3 10.85 (8.74 - 13.40) 9.63 (7.63 - 12.09) 0.170
Region 4 10.06 (7.93 - 12.68) 9.90 (7.74 - 12.59) 0.867
Region 5 10.34 (8.33 - 12.77) 11.36 (9.24 - 13.90) 0.255
Washington 12.23a (10.81 - 13.80) 13.80 (12.26 - 15.49) 0.021
Region 1 11.41 (9.49 - 13.66) 12.18 (10.01 - 14.73) 0.347
East 1 (previously Region 1) 12.29 (9.78 - 15.33) 12.40 (9.76 - 15.64) 0.915
East 2 (previously Region 2) 10.20b (7.91 - 13.07) 11.87 (9.05 - 15.42) 0.089
Region 2 12.57a (10.65 - 14.78) 14.36 (12.38 - 16.61) 0.046
North 1 (previously Region 3) 11.23a (8.79 - 14.24) 14.63 (11.89 - 17.88) 0.002
North 2 (previously Region 4) 13.35 (10.97 - 16.15) 14.21 (11.84 - 16.96) 0.449
Region 3 12.28a (10.44 - 14.40) 14.07 (12.00 - 16.44) 0.040
West 1 (previously Region 5) 11.33a (9.11 - 14.00) 14.28 (11.54 - 17.55) 0.005
West 2 (previously Region 6) 13.17 (10.66 - 16.17) 13.88 (11.26 - 17.00) 0.527
West Virginia 9.19 (8.06 - 10.47) 9.94 (8.69 - 11.33) 0.183
Region I 8.73 (6.56 - 11.52) 9.24 (6.82 - 12.41) 0.564
Region II 8.16 (6.39 - 10.38) 9.51 (7.31 - 12.27) 0.106
Region III 7.20 (5.39 - 9.57) 8.14 (6.04 - 10.88) 0.253
Region IV 12.74 (10.48 - 15.40) 11.57 (9.47 - 14.07) 0.244
Region V 8.62a (7.02 - 10.55) 10.28 (8.45 - 12.46) 0.043
Region VI 8.08 (6.32 - 10.27) 9.09 (7.10 - 11.57) 0.241
Wisconsin 10.60 (9.38 - 11.95) 10.36 (9.13 - 11.73) 0.655
Milwaukee 12.99 (10.46 - 16.04) 11.70 (9.31 - 14.60) 0.225
Northeastern 8.28 (6.55 - 10.42) 8.90 (7.15 - 11.03) 0.425
Northern 9.02 (6.96 - 11.62) 8.14 (6.04 - 10.88) 0.279
Southeastern 10.17 (8.27 - 12.46) 9.67 (7.70 - 12.08) 0.535
Southern 12.06 (9.88 - 14.65) 12.74 (10.39 - 15.52) 0.468
Western 11.07 (8.74 - 13.93) 10.26 (8.16 - 12.82) 0.348
Wyoming 10.47a (9.35 - 11.72) 9.33 (8.20 - 10.59) 0.033
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 9.16 (7.19 - 11.60) 8.83 (6.96 - 11.13) 0.678
Judicial District 2 16.56 (13.72 - 19.86) 14.67 (11.87 - 18.00) 0.126
Judicial District 3 8.62a (6.81 - 10.86) 6.85 (5.32 - 8.78) 0.015
Judicial District 4 9.54 (7.15 - 12.63) 8.37 (6.11 - 11.36) 0.164
Judicial District 5 8.49 (6.57 - 10.92) 7.94 (6.02 - 10.39) 0.485
Judicial District 6 9.35 (7.31 - 11.89) 8.10 (6.23 - 10.47) 0.129
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 12.02 (9.76 - 14.71) 10.96 (8.68 - 13.75) 0.298
Judicial District 8 8.82 (6.61 - 11.68) 8.82 (6.58 - 11.74) 0.998
Judicial District 9 12.24b (9.57 - 15.53) 10.29 (7.83 - 13.42) 0.081
120709
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 6.01a (5.84 - 6.18) 6.58 (6.40 - 6.77) 0.000
Northeast 6.58a (6.26 - 6.92) 7.30 (6.95 - 7.66) 0.000
Midwest 5.92a (5.67 - 6.18) 6.19 (5.93 - 6.47) 0.038
South 5.20a (4.97 - 5.44) 5.55 (5.30 - 5.80) 0.005
West 6.90a (6.53 - 7.29) 8.02 (7.59 - 8.47) 0.000
Alabama 4.57 (3.81 - 5.48) 4.88 (4.09 - 5.81) 0.381
Region 1 3.87 (2.86 - 5.22) 4.54 (3.38 - 6.07) 0.187
Region 2 4.65 (3.62 - 5.97) 5.20 (4.03 - 6.68) 0.250
Region 3 5.12 (3.67 - 7.12) 5.75 (4.32 - 7.63) 0.272
Region 4 4.89 (3.65 - 6.51) 4.15 (3.02 - 5.66) 0.130
Alaska 8.89a (7.64 - 10.32) 11.49 (9.93 - 13.25) 0.000
Anchorage 8.70a (7.10 - 10.61) 11.11 (9.17 - 13.40) 0.006
Northern 9.80a (7.69 - 12.42) 12.73 (10.09 - 15.94) 0.006
South Central 8.38a (6.44 - 10.85) 11.35 (8.68 - 14.73) 0.006
Southeast 9.02 (6.38 - 12.60) 10.82 (8.01 - 14.45) 0.111
Arizona 5.75 (4.83 - 6.83) 6.50 (5.42 - 7.78) 0.137
Maricopa 5.74 (4.65 - 7.08) 6.17 (4.94 - 7.68) 0.474
Pima 6.09a (4.45 - 8.29) 7.98 (5.85 - 10.80) 0.020
Rural North 5.78b (4.14 - 8.01) 7.02 (5.10 - 9.59) 0.085
Rural South 5.33 (3.72 - 7.58) 5.77 (4.07 - 8.13) 0.496
Arkansas 5.65 (4.79 - 6.66) 5.53 (4.63 - 6.59) 0.767
Catchment Area 1 5.78 (4.23 - 7.84) 5.52 (3.97 - 7.62) 0.698
Catchment Area 2 4.92 (3.54 - 6.79) 4.84 (3.37 - 6.90) 0.884
Catchment Area 3 5.80 (4.24 - 7.90) 5.31 (3.83 - 7.32) 0.405
Catchment Area 4 5.10 (3.53 - 7.31) 4.78 (3.31 - 6.87) 0.588
Catchment Area 5 6.60 (5.10 - 8.51) 6.18 (4.69 - 8.10) 0.521
Catchment Area 6 5.41b (3.78 - 7.68) 6.46 (4.56 - 9.07) 0.092
Catchment Area 7 5.06 (3.47 - 7.30) 5.16 (3.55 - 7.43) 0.853
Catchment Area 8 5.80 (4.30 - 7.79) 5.78 (4.28 - 7.77) 0.973
California 6.96a (6.38 - 7.58) 8.05 (7.39 - 8.76) 0.001
Region 1R 8.41a (6.35 - 11.06) 13.99 (10.68 - 18.11) 0.000
Region 2R 7.18 (5.37 - 9.54) 8.24 (6.32 - 10.69) 0.181
Region 3R (Sacramento) 9.55 (7.42 - 12.20) 9.44 (7.22 - 12.24) 0.911
Region 4R 8.98 (6.75 - 11.85) 8.18 (6.19 - 10.73) 0.313
Region 5R (San Francisco) 10.88 (7.86 - 14.88) 12.71 (9.55 - 16.72) 0.151
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 6.04 (4.45 - 8.16) 6.68 (5.07 - 8.76) 0.333
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 8.40 (6.31 - 11.10) 8.61 (6.39 - 11.49) 0.799
Region 8R (Alameda) 7.49a (5.70 - 9.78) 9.08 (7.06 - 11.61) 0.034
Region 9R (San Mateo) 6.51 (4.65 - 9.02) 7.19 (5.25 - 9.76) 0.303
Region 10 9.49 (7.35 - 12.17) 10.85 (8.47 - 13.79) 0.159
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 5.85a (5.14 - 6.65) 7.21 (6.35 - 8.18) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 8.13 (6.03 - 10.89) 9.04 (6.77 - 11.98) 0.255
LA SPA 2 6.08 (4.69 - 7.86) 6.84 (5.28 - 8.83) 0.213
LA SPA 3 3.99a (2.97 - 5.35) 5.93 (4.53 - 7.72) 0.000
LA SPA 4 6.48b (4.76 - 8.76) 7.88 (5.94 - 10.39) 0.059
LA SPA 6 6.04b (4.41 - 8.22) 7.20 (5.37 - 9.60) 0.061
LA SPA 7 4.76a (3.53 - 6.39) 6.39 (4.82 - 8.43) 0.003
LA SPA 8 6.48a (4.88 - 8.56) 8.14 (6.16 - 10.69) 0.029
Region 12R 7.51 (5.47 - 10.22) 7.75 (5.60 - 10.63) 0.744
Regions 13 and 19R 6.65a (5.21 - 8.44) 8.05 (6.36 - 10.14) 0.029
Region 13 (Riverside) 6.75a (5.23 - 8.68) 8.26 (6.46 - 10.50) 0.029
Region 19R (Imperial) 5.30 (3.70 - 7.54) 5.40 (3.89 - 7.46) 0.860
Region 14 (Orange) 6.10 (4.82 - 7.69) 6.49 (5.23 - 8.02) 0.472
Region 15R (Fresno) 6.56 (4.80 - 8.90) 7.09 (5.24 - 9.51) 0.462
Region 16R (San Diego) 7.28a (5.90 - 8.96) 8.85 (7.20 - 10.82) 0.019
Region 17R 7.17 (5.61 - 9.11) 6.78 (5.23 - 8.74) 0.567
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 4.90a (3.78 - 6.34) 6.13 (4.72 - 7.94) 0.022
Region 20R 5.74a (4.18 - 7.84) 7.95 (5.97 - 10.51) 0.001
Region 21R 10.47 (8.08 - 13.47) 11.03 (8.34 - 14.45) 0.572
Colorado 8.56a (7.41 - 9.87) 11.18 (9.68 - 12.89) 0.000
Region 1 7.40a (5.57 - 9.77) 11.16 (8.62 - 14.31) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 9.62a (8.07 - 11.44) 12.20 (10.17 - 14.57) 0.008
Region 3 6.67a (4.95 - 8.95) 8.99 (6.86 - 11.70) 0.002
Region 4 5.75a (3.98 - 8.24) 8.12 (5.73 - 11.39) 0.002
Regions 5 and 6 8.54a (6.17 - 11.71) 10.57 (7.72 - 14.30) 0.050
Connecticut 6.58a (5.65 - 7.66) 7.55 (6.46 - 8.80) 0.029
Eastern 8.42 (6.29 - 11.19) 9.00 (6.62 - 12.11) 0.505
North Central 7.29 (5.75 - 9.21) 7.54 (6.01 - 9.43) 0.719
Northwestern 5.96a (4.46 - 7.94) 7.66 (5.82 - 10.01) 0.011
South Central 6.44a (5.05 - 8.18) 8.03 (6.34 - 10.12) 0.016
Southwest 5.06 (3.75 - 6.81) 5.89 (4.30 - 8.01) 0.123
Delaware 6.55 (5.61 - 7.63) 6.87 (5.84 - 8.06) 0.475
Kent 5.42a (4.00 - 7.32) 6.83 (5.10 - 9.10) 0.031
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 6.95 (5.74 - 8.39) 6.77 (5.57 - 8.21) 0.759
Sussex 5.63 (4.17 - 7.55) 5.84 (4.33 - 7.83) 0.733
Wilmington City 8.59 (6.14 - 11.91) 10.10 (7.56 - 13.36) 0.123
District of Columbia 9.16 (7.97 - 10.50) 9.25 (7.97 - 10.70) 0.886
Ward 1 11.21 (8.44 - 14.72) 9.99 (7.51 - 13.17) 0.344
Ward 2 10.73 (8.29 - 13.77) 8.88 (6.63 - 11.78) 0.109
Ward 3 8.53b (6.45 - 11.20) 6.88 (5.13 - 9.17) 0.053
Ward 4 6.39a (4.61 - 8.79) 8.64 (6.21 - 11.90) 0.007
Ward 5 10.53 (8.00 - 13.73) 9.52 (6.97 - 12.87) 0.348
Ward 6 7.62 (5.38 - 10.69) 9.14 (6.76 - 12.25) 0.127
Ward 7 7.96a (5.91 - 10.65) 10.29 (7.82 - 13.44) 0.015
Ward 8 10.30 (7.92 - 13.30) 11.24 (8.58 - 14.60) 0.367
Florida 5.53a (5.03 - 6.07) 6.12 (5.54 - 6.75) 0.031
Region A - Northwest 7.14 (5.92 - 8.58) 7.40 (6.09 - 8.97) 0.600
Circuit 1 5.75 (4.20 - 7.82) 6.76 (5.10 - 8.93) 0.127
Circuit 2 10.52b (8.17 - 13.45) 8.90 (6.65 - 11.81) 0.069
Circuit 14 6.02 (4.32 - 8.33) 6.97 (4.88 - 9.85) 0.185
Region B - Northeast 6.18a (5.24 - 7.28) 7.38 (6.26 - 8.69) 0.005
Circuits 3 and 8 6.95 (5.32 - 9.03) 7.91 (6.04 - 10.29) 0.174
Circuit 4 6.28a (4.90 - 8.01) 7.75 (6.05 - 9.87) 0.025
Circuit 7 5.57b (4.19 - 7.37) 6.60 (4.90 - 8.83) 0.086
Region C - Central 5.30 (4.61 - 6.08) 5.77 (4.99 - 6.66) 0.158
Circuit 5 4.64 (3.53 - 6.07) 5.33 (4.01 - 7.07) 0.180
Circuit 9 5.35 (4.17 - 6.85) 5.89 (4.62 - 7.47) 0.314
Circuit 10 4.48 (3.23 - 6.18) 4.97 (3.62 - 6.79) 0.343
Circuit 18 6.54 (5.03 - 8.47) 6.86 (5.23 - 8.95) 0.621
Circuit 19 5.27 (3.89 - 7.10) 5.44 (3.92 - 7.50) 0.773
Region D - Southeast 5.77 (4.83 - 6.89) 5.58 (4.67 - 6.65) 0.642
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 7.10a (5.53 - 9.06) 5.11 (3.87 - 6.73) 0.002
Circuit 17 (Broward) 4.79a (3.78 - 6.07) 5.93 (4.75 - 7.38) 0.020
Region E - Sun Coast 5.63 (4.87 - 6.50) 6.19 (5.32 - 7.20) 0.140
Circuit 6 5.39 (4.23 - 6.85) 5.82 (4.46 - 7.57) 0.459
Circuit 12 5.29 (3.86 - 7.21) 5.68 (4.11 - 7.80) 0.515
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 6.03 (4.77 - 7.61) 6.76 (5.36 - 8.48) 0.200
Circuit 20 5.74 (4.41 - 7.44) 6.40 (4.85 - 8.40) 0.300
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.96a (3.15 - 4.96) 5.31 (4.28 - 6.56) 0.001
Georgia 5.64 (4.76 - 6.66) 5.39 (4.53 - 6.40) 0.495
Region 1 5.34 (4.01 - 7.09) 4.49 (3.35 - 6.00) 0.109
Region 2 4.99 (3.66 - 6.78) 4.83 (3.44 - 6.75) 0.746
Region 3 6.57 (5.10 - 8.41) 6.58 (5.15 - 8.38) 0.977
Region 4 5.30 (3.63 - 7.67) 5.40 (3.65 - 7.92) 0.853
Region 5 5.75 (4.17 - 7.88) 5.36 (3.89 - 7.33) 0.489
Region 6 4.78 (3.38 - 6.74) 4.91 (3.51 - 6.82) 0.809
Hawaii 6.05a (5.05 - 7.24) 8.00 (6.70 - 9.53) 0.000
Hawaii Island 9.24a (6.80 - 12.43) 13.01 (9.62 - 17.37) 0.001
Honolulu 5.02a (4.02 - 6.24) 6.41 (5.14 - 7.97) 0.010
Kauai and Maui 7.97a (5.93 - 10.64) 10.70 (8.04 - 14.10) 0.002
Kauai 7.09a (4.67 - 10.63) 10.37 (7.04 - 15.02) 0.001
Maui 8.37a (5.94 - 11.67) 10.85 (7.78 - 14.93) 0.018
Idaho 5.50a (4.66 - 6.49) 6.95 (5.93 - 8.14) 0.001
Region 1 6.73 (4.93 - 9.12) 7.72 (5.56 - 10.61) 0.230
Region 2 6.16 (4.23 - 8.91) 7.33 (5.16 - 10.32) 0.128
Region 3 4.21a (3.00 - 5.87) 6.07 (4.52 - 8.10) 0.003
Region 4 7.29 (5.80 - 9.13) 8.51 (6.83 - 10.55) 0.128
Region 5 4.24a (2.94 - 6.09) 6.01 (4.33 - 8.29) 0.002
Region 6 4.57a (3.19 - 6.51) 6.37 (4.57 - 8.82) 0.004
Region 7 3.27a (2.32 - 4.60) 4.78 (3.43 - 6.62) 0.002
Illinois 5.40a (4.91 - 5.94) 6.09 (5.56 - 6.68) 0.013
Region I (Cook) 5.81a (5.04 - 6.71) 7.00 (6.13 - 7.98) 0.007
Region II 5.17 (4.42 - 6.03) 5.46 (4.73 - 6.29) 0.467
Region III 5.52 (4.53 - 6.71) 6.06 (5.06 - 7.24) 0.263
Region IV 4.31 (3.31 - 5.58) 4.61 (3.56 - 5.97) 0.477
Region V 5.10 (4.05 - 6.42) 5.62 (4.58 - 6.89) 0.276
Indiana 6.35 (5.41 - 7.46) 6.26 (5.32 - 7.35) 0.805
Central 6.74 (5.22 - 8.66) 6.35 (4.88 - 8.23) 0.538
East 5.42 (3.86 - 7.57) 6.02 (4.38 - 8.23) 0.302
North Central 5.86 (4.30 - 7.93) 5.99 (4.43 - 8.05) 0.829
Northeast 6.64 (4.82 - 9.08) 6.10 (4.43 - 8.35) 0.397
Northwest 6.13 (4.40 - 8.46) 6.64 (4.76 - 9.21) 0.456
Southeast 6.39 (4.67 - 8.68) 5.67 (4.09 - 7.82) 0.258
Southwest 4.79 (3.35 - 6.82) 4.98 (3.44 - 7.16) 0.707
West 7.96 (5.98 - 10.52) 7.81 (5.97 - 10.15) 0.843
Iowa 3.87a (3.22 - 4.66) 4.50 (3.76 - 5.38) 0.034
Central 4.63 (3.41 - 6.24) 4.94 (3.65 - 6.65) 0.560
North Central 3.35a (2.37 - 4.71) 4.20 (3.00 - 5.83) 0.042
Northeast 3.76a (2.79 - 5.04) 5.13 (3.93 - 6.66) 0.003
Northwest 2.98 (2.10 - 4.23) 3.43 (2.42 - 4.83) 0.233
Southeast 4.44 (3.27 - 6.00) 4.72 (3.56 - 6.24) 0.548
Southwest 3.65 (2.50 - 5.29) 3.76 (2.54 - 5.52) 0.792
Kansas 5.17 (4.34 - 6.14) 5.21 (4.34 - 6.25) 0.899
Kansas City Metro 6.17 (4.83 - 7.84) 6.11 (4.78 - 7.78) 0.920
Northeast 4.60 (3.33 - 6.31) 5.21 (3.77 - 7.16) 0.256
South Central 3.83 (2.62 - 5.57) 4.26 (2.96 - 6.10) 0.334
Southeast 4.64 (3.15 - 6.79) 5.17 (3.49 - 7.58) 0.326
West 4.93b (3.42 - 7.05) 4.07 (2.87 - 5.75) 0.082
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.24 (3.85 - 7.10) 4.91 (3.55 - 6.77) 0.552
Kentucky 5.42a (4.62 - 6.35) 4.65 (3.88 - 5.57) 0.028
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 4.10 (2.94 - 5.70) 3.48 (2.45 - 4.92) 0.119
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 6.14a (4.81 - 7.81) 4.98 (3.85 - 6.40) 0.029
Communicare and River Valley 4.90 (3.55 - 6.74) 4.59 (3.22 - 6.51) 0.521
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 4.86 (3.44 - 6.81) 5.01 (3.57 - 6.97) 0.775
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 4.01 (2.90 - 5.51) 3.80 (2.69 - 5.35) 0.621
Seven Counties 6.77a (5.17 - 8.82) 5.47 (4.07 - 7.31) 0.046
Louisiana 5.02 (4.22 - 5.96) 4.86 (4.09 - 5.78) 0.642
Regions 1 and 3 5.07 (3.62 - 7.06) 5.37 (3.97 - 7.23) 0.581
Regions 2 and 9 5.60 (4.41 - 7.10) 5.48 (4.31 - 6.95) 0.812
Regions 4, 5, and 6 4.07 (2.99 - 5.52) 3.99 (2.97 - 5.34) 0.852
Regions 7 and 8 5.28b (3.96 - 7.02) 4.38 (3.27 - 5.84) 0.082
Region 10 (Jefferson) 5.33 (3.67 - 7.69) 5.53 (3.87 - 7.85) 0.738
Maine 8.36b (7.25 - 9.61) 9.55 (8.25 - 11.03) 0.055
Aroostook/Downeast 6.95 (5.18 - 9.27) 7.15 (5.30 - 9.58) 0.814
Central 8.24a (6.16 - 10.94) 10.22 (7.83 - 13.23) 0.040
Cumberland 8.82a (6.98 - 11.09) 11.50 (9.20 - 14.28) 0.007
Midcoast 7.55 (5.63 - 10.06) 8.65 (6.29 - 11.79) 0.211
Penquis 9.50 (7.44 - 12.04) 9.31 (7.04 - 12.22) 0.844
Western 8.12 (6.05 - 10.81) 9.55 (7.36 - 12.32) 0.127
York 8.86 (6.80 - 11.47) 9.11 (6.75 - 12.20) 0.797
Maryland 5.04a (4.27 - 5.94) 5.70 (4.75 - 6.84) 0.043
Anne Arundel 4.63b (3.32 - 6.44) 5.51 (3.95 - 7.64) 0.069
Baltimore City 7.12 (5.27 - 9.56) 7.40 (5.35 - 10.15) 0.718
Baltimore County 5.40b (3.98 - 7.30) 6.40 (4.67 - 8.70) 0.091
Montgomery 4.70 (3.41 - 6.46) 4.57 (3.27 - 6.36) 0.777
North Central 4.62 (3.26 - 6.52) 5.14 (3.63 - 7.23) 0.285
Northeast 4.90b (3.45 - 6.91) 5.90 (4.16 - 8.30) 0.058
Prince George's 4.67a (3.33 - 6.52) 6.13 (4.43 - 8.42) 0.008
South 4.34 (3.07 - 6.10) 5.12 (3.64 - 7.16) 0.111
West 4.67 (3.35 - 6.49) 4.95 (3.51 - 6.96) 0.569
Massachusetts 8.07a (6.99 - 9.31) 9.21 (8.07 - 10.49) 0.031
Boston 9.88 (7.39 - 13.09) 10.39 (7.77 - 13.75) 0.617
Central 8.06 (6.08 - 10.60) 8.66 (6.62 - 11.27) 0.429
Metrowest 6.92 (5.45 - 8.74) 7.72 (6.16 - 9.65) 0.239
Northeast 7.00b (5.33 - 9.15) 8.50 (6.65 - 10.80) 0.059
Southeast 8.37b (6.37 - 10.92) 9.93 (7.85 - 12.50) 0.071
Western 9.62b (7.47 - 12.31) 11.27 (8.88 - 14.21) 0.091
Michigan 6.93a (6.39 - 7.51) 8.04 (7.39 - 8.74) 0.001
Detroit City 10.94 (8.93 - 13.33) 12.10 (9.89 - 14.73) 0.286
Genesee 7.55a (5.94 - 9.54) 10.74 (8.37 - 13.69) 0.000
Kalamazoo 6.90 (5.46 - 8.69) 7.45 (5.87 - 9.39) 0.428
Kent 5.83a (4.55 - 7.45) 7.21 (5.65 - 9.16) 0.033
Lakeshore 6.25a (4.93 - 7.90) 7.96 (6.41 - 9.84) 0.011
Macomb 5.82a (4.62 - 7.31) 7.33 (5.88 - 9.10) 0.014
Mid South 7.56 (6.28 - 9.07) 7.82 (6.41 - 9.51) 0.689
Northern 6.32a (5.03 - 7.91) 8.31 (6.74 - 10.21) 0.004
Oakland 6.89 (5.71 - 8.28) 7.25 (5.91 - 8.86) 0.560
Pathways and Western 7.50 (5.72 - 9.78) 8.28 (6.34 - 10.75) 0.327
Riverhaven 5.53a (4.07 - 7.47) 7.21 (5.42 - 9.55) 0.014
Saginaw 6.83 (5.11 - 9.06) 7.89 (6.03 - 10.26) 0.157
Southeast 5.98 (4.96 - 7.21) 6.90 (5.67 - 8.39) 0.106
St. Clair 5.87 (4.28 - 8.00) 5.71 (4.21 - 7.71) 0.789
Washtenaw 7.53b (5.95 - 9.48) 8.81 (7.01 - 11.02) 0.077
Minnesota 6.78b (5.79 - 7.93) 6.00 (5.09 - 7.06) 0.066
Regions 1 and 2 7.55 (5.48 - 10.32) 7.31 (5.38 - 9.86) 0.768
Regions 3 and 4 6.68 (5.11 - 8.70) 6.02 (4.56 - 7.90) 0.314
Regions 5 and 6 5.08 (3.80 - 6.77) 4.78 (3.64 - 6.26) 0.554
Region 7A (Hennepin) 7.73a (5.84 - 10.17) 6.02 (4.50 - 8.00) 0.017
Region 7B (Ramsey) 8.14a (5.89 - 11.15) 6.35 (4.60 - 8.71) 0.016
Region 7C 6.46 (5.05 - 8.22) 6.26 (4.78 - 8.16) 0.754
Mississippi 4.42 (3.67 - 5.32) 4.60 (3.79 - 5.57) 0.599
Region 1 4.84 (3.60 - 6.46) 4.68 (3.50 - 6.24) 0.763
Region 2 4.72 (3.29 - 6.73) 5.26 (3.67 - 7.50) 0.314
Region 3 3.97 (2.78 - 5.63) 4.02 (2.86 - 5.62) 0.915
Region 4 3.96 (2.86 - 5.46) 4.18 (3.07 - 5.67) 0.616
Region 5 4.04 (2.71 - 5.98) 4.66 (3.18 - 6.78) 0.206
Region 6 4.32 (3.03 - 6.13) 4.91 (3.41 - 7.01) 0.242
Region 7 4.77 (3.42 - 6.61) 4.71 (3.34 - 6.60) 0.918
Missouri 5.63 (4.77 - 6.64) 6.06 (5.12 - 7.18) 0.258
Central 4.70b (3.43 - 6.42) 5.73 (4.14 - 7.88) 0.065
Eastern 6.72 (5.33 - 8.45) 6.97 (5.60 - 8.65) 0.682
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 6.67 (5.02 - 8.80) 6.86 (5.27 - 8.90) 0.784
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 6.83 (4.94 - 9.37) 7.16 (5.20 - 9.77) 0.663
Northwest 5.32 (4.17 - 6.76) 5.74 (4.54 - 7.23) 0.352
Northwest (Jackson) 6.17 (4.53 - 8.36) 6.32 (4.71 - 8.43) 0.809
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 4.57 (3.25 - 6.39) 5.24 (3.84 - 7.12) 0.208
Southeast 4.81 (3.50 - 6.57) 4.78 (3.39 - 6.71) 0.961
Southwest 5.03 (3.71 - 6.78) 5.75 (4.19 - 7.83) 0.202
Montana 8.59 (7.47 - 9.86) 8.91 (7.72 - 10.26) 0.590
Region 1 5.92 (4.12 - 8.44) 6.52 (4.58 - 9.21) 0.391
Region 2 5.69a (4.15 - 7.76) 7.27 (5.44 - 9.66) 0.029
Region 3 6.88 (5.27 - 8.94) 7.33 (5.61 - 9.51) 0.564
Region 4 10.14 (8.22 - 12.44) 10.83 (8.82 - 13.23) 0.478
Region 5 10.46 (8.50 - 12.82) 9.67 (7.75 - 12.00) 0.412
Nebraska 4.93b (4.13 - 5.89) 5.56 (4.71 - 6.54) 0.098
Regions 1 and 2 4.06 (2.98 - 5.50) 4.39 (3.27 - 5.88) 0.371
Region 1 4.24 (2.86 - 6.26) 4.30 (2.93 - 6.26) 0.906
Region 2 3.89 (2.64 - 5.70) 4.47 (3.06 - 6.49) 0.204
Region 3 4.31 (3.03 - 6.09) 3.95 (2.83 - 5.48) 0.450
Region 4 4.15 (2.89 - 5.91) 4.51 (3.10 - 6.52) 0.467
Region 5 5.14 (3.96 - 6.65) 5.60 (4.34 - 7.19) 0.407
Region 6 5.47b (4.22 - 7.04) 6.63 (5.34 - 8.21) 0.051
Nevada 6.41b (5.32 - 7.69) 7.36 (6.18 - 8.76) 0.077
Clark 5.92b (4.75 - 7.35) 7.09 (5.77 - 8.68) 0.062
Rural 7.36 (5.23 - 10.25) 7.07 (5.02 - 9.86) 0.737
Washoe 7.80 (5.77 - 10.47) 8.88 (6.73 - 11.61) 0.220
New Hampshire 8.79b (7.63 - 10.10) 9.81 (8.54 - 11.26) 0.098
Central 8.88 (7.24 - 10.85) 9.46 (7.80 - 11.43) 0.436
Central 1 9.08 (7.00 - 11.70) 10.24 (7.94 - 13.12) 0.219
Central 2 8.70 (6.66 - 11.27) 8.73 (6.75 - 11.21) 0.972
Northern 9.63 (7.28 - 12.63) 10.36 (7.89 - 13.49) 0.472
Southern 8.56b (7.26 - 10.06) 9.86 (8.34 - 11.62) 0.071
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 9.15a (7.21 - 11.53) 11.16 (8.79 - 14.07) 0.046
Southern 2 8.19 (6.66 - 10.03) 9.05 (7.36 - 11.10) 0.291
New Jersey 4.70a (3.95 - 5.58) 5.42 (4.54 - 6.45) 0.040
Central 5.11 (3.83 - 6.78) 5.43 (4.10 - 7.15) 0.542
Metropolitan 4.43a (3.33 - 5.87) 5.57 (4.21 - 7.35) 0.028
Northern 4.08a (3.12 - 5.32) 5.03 (3.89 - 6.49) 0.039
Southern 5.46 (4.11 - 7.22) 5.79 (4.34 - 7.70) 0.559
New Mexico 6.72 (5.75 - 7.83) 6.85 (5.82 - 8.05) 0.784
Region 1 6.25 (4.81 - 8.09) 7.10 (5.48 - 9.15) 0.228
Region 2 8.42 (6.20 - 11.33) 7.50 (5.52 - 10.11) 0.278
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 7.47 (5.93 - 9.38) 7.71 (6.14 - 9.65) 0.752
Region 4 5.16 (3.73 - 7.10) 5.11 (3.63 - 7.14) 0.933
Region 5 5.69 (4.32 - 7.46) 5.79 (4.38 - 7.62) 0.857
New York 7.07b (6.52 - 7.67) 7.67 (7.03 - 8.36) 0.056
Region A 6.38 (5.61 - 7.24) 6.82 (6.03 - 7.71) 0.249
Region 1 5.85 (4.49 - 7.58) 6.70 (5.17 - 8.63) 0.182
Region 2 5.90 (4.87 - 7.14) 6.68 (5.59 - 7.95) 0.133
Region 3 9.63 (7.73 - 11.94) 8.78 (6.88 - 11.14) 0.376
Region 4 4.88 (3.80 - 6.23) 5.61 (4.46 - 7.03) 0.123
Region B 6.57a (5.72 - 7.52) 7.69 (6.72 - 8.79) 0.008
Region 5 6.75 (5.64 - 8.06) 7.50 (6.23 - 9.01) 0.165
Region 6 5.40a (4.19 - 6.94) 7.00 (5.56 - 8.79) 0.005
Region 7 7.77a (6.00 - 10.02) 9.33 (7.47 - 11.59) 0.047
Region C 8.35 (7.51 - 9.28) 9.09 (8.10 - 10.19) 0.105
Region 8 10.32 (8.42 - 12.58) 10.37 (8.39 - 12.74) 0.960
Region 9 8.06 (6.52 - 9.93) 8.74 (6.96 - 10.92) 0.371
Region 10 8.63 (6.85 - 10.81) 9.87 (7.70 - 12.55) 0.148
Region 11 6.51a (5.25 - 8.04) 8.00 (6.45 - 9.87) 0.017
Region 12 8.45 (6.92 - 10.27) 8.97 (7.32 - 10.95) 0.468
Region D 8.49 (7.22 - 9.94) 7.78 (6.54 - 9.24) 0.186
Region 13 8.71 (6.74 - 11.21) 7.45 (5.53 - 9.96) 0.109
Region 14 8.50 (6.53 - 11.01) 7.95 (6.15 - 10.22) 0.475
Region 15 8.27 (6.35 - 10.69) 7.92 (6.05 - 10.32) 0.657
North Carolina 5.70a (4.85 - 6.68) 6.70 (5.66 - 7.92) 0.007
CenterPoint/Guilford 5.66b (4.29 - 7.42) 6.61 (5.04 - 8.63) 0.068
CenterPoint 5.09b (3.57 - 7.20) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 6.30 (4.35 - 9.04) 7.23 (5.12 - 10.10) 0.199
Durham 4.97a (3.70 - 6.65) 6.43 (4.81 - 8.54) 0.010
East Carolina 7.22 (5.18 - 10.00) 7.97 (5.67 - 11.11) 0.294
Eastpointe 5.99a (4.15 - 8.57) 7.46 (5.36 - 10.30) 0.040
ECCS 7.43 (5.37 - 10.20) 6.86 (4.83 - 9.68) 0.423
Mecklenburg 6.00a (4.39 - 8.15) 7.69 (5.65 - 10.38) 0.013
Pathways 5.22b (3.75 - 7.22) 6.29 (4.67 - 8.42) 0.059
PBH 5.52 (4.06 - 7.47) 6.16 (4.42 - 8.53) 0.306
Sandhills 5.67 (3.91 - 8.16) 6.73 (4.61 - 9.73) 0.120
Smoky Mountain 5.15 (3.62 - 7.26) 5.04 (3.49 - 7.23) 0.852
Western Highlands 5.21a (3.54 - 7.60) 7.11 (5.06 - 9.92) 0.005
North Dakota 4.83b (4.05 - 5.75) 4.25 (3.55 - 5.09) 0.095
Badlands and West Central 4.57 (3.39 - 6.12) 4.00 (3.00 - 5.33) 0.241
Lake Region and South Central 4.54 (3.22 - 6.35) 4.16 (2.93 - 5.87) 0.453
North Central and Northwest 3.64 (2.56 - 5.15) 3.43 (2.41 - 4.87) 0.626
Northeast 4.75 (3.46 - 6.50) 4.76 (3.47 - 6.50) 0.993
Southeast 6.05a (4.74 - 7.70) 4.80 (3.75 - 6.13) 0.022
Ohio 6.04 (5.53 - 6.60) 5.93 (5.41 - 6.49) 0.664
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 5.01 (3.79 - 6.58) 4.53 (3.45 - 5.94) 0.306
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.67 (3.40 - 6.40) 4.54 (3.36 - 6.11) 0.775
Boards 4 and 78 5.16 (3.82 - 6.95) 4.72 (3.41 - 6.50) 0.361
Boards 5 and 60 6.34 (4.87 - 8.21) 6.32 (4.93 - 8.07) 0.980
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 4.07 (3.03 - 5.44) 3.96 (2.94 - 5.33) 0.799
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.68a (4.27 - 7.53) 4.57 (3.43 - 6.07) 0.027
Board 9 (Butler) 5.27 (3.89 - 7.12) 5.84 (4.41 - 7.71) 0.266
Board 12 6.27 (4.78 - 8.19) 5.46 (4.13 - 7.20) 0.134
Boards 18 and 47 6.63 (5.49 - 7.99) 6.25 (5.22 - 7.47) 0.476
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 4.50b (3.27 - 6.15) 3.70 (2.67 - 5.11) 0.065
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 5.11 (3.90 - 6.67) 4.80 (3.57 - 6.41) 0.518
Boards 22, 74, and 87 6.15 (4.55 - 8.27) 6.18 (4.70 - 8.07) 0.968
Boards 23 and 45 5.09 (3.78 - 6.80) 5.42 (4.05 - 7.23) 0.501
Board 25 (Franklin) 8.07 (6.68 - 9.71) 8.57 (7.09 - 10.32) 0.460
Boards 27, 71, and 73 4.52 (3.37 - 6.04) 4.89 (3.63 - 6.57) 0.442
Boards 28, 43, and 67 5.47 (4.24 - 7.03) 6.03 (4.75 - 7.62) 0.253
Board 31 (Hamilton) 7.54 (5.91 - 9.57) 6.83 (5.40 - 8.61) 0.280
Board 48 (Lucas) 7.29 (5.61 - 9.43) 6.65 (5.16 - 8.54) 0.303
Boards 50 and 76 5.51 (4.26 - 7.10) 6.30 (4.92 - 8.04) 0.140
Board 57 (Montgomery) 6.51 (5.00 - 8.44) 6.25 (4.78 - 8.14) 0.678
Board 77 (Summit) 6.17 (4.76 - 7.98) 6.70 (5.23 - 8.54) 0.378
Oklahoma 4.81a (3.96 - 5.83) 6.05 (5.05 - 7.23) 0.003
Central 4.85a (3.43 - 6.82) 6.46 (4.70 - 8.82) 0.010
East Central 4.26b (2.95 - 6.12) 5.24 (3.65 - 7.48) 0.063
Northeast 4.17a (2.85 - 6.04) 5.46 (3.98 - 7.44) 0.019
Northwest and Southwest 4.46a (3.15 - 6.29) 6.62 (4.83 - 9.02) 0.001
Oklahoma County 6.71 (4.89 - 9.15) 6.64 (4.86 - 9.00) 0.925
Southeast 3.73a (2.59 - 5.34) 5.87 (4.27 - 8.01) 0.000
Tulsa County 4.71b (3.43 - 6.42) 5.78 (4.16 - 7.96) 0.067
Oregon 7.73a (6.70 - 8.91) 9.34 (8.08 - 10.77) 0.004
Region 1 (Multnomah) 10.29a (7.97 - 13.19) 13.18 (10.26 - 16.78) 0.018
Region 2 7.14 (5.51 - 9.22) 7.79 (5.98 - 10.09) 0.402
Region 3 7.09a (5.72 - 8.77) 9.36 (7.66 - 11.40) 0.002
Region 4 7.42 (5.53 - 9.89) 8.08 (6.05 - 10.71) 0.439
Region 5 (Central) 8.07 (5.65 - 11.39) 8.75 (6.20 - 12.22) 0.448
Region 6 (Eastern) 5.91 (4.11 - 8.45) 7.04 (4.99 - 9.85) 0.107
Pennsylvania 5.35a (4.87 - 5.88) 5.89 (5.38 - 6.45) 0.028
Region 1 (Allegheny) 6.00a (4.87 - 7.37) 7.54 (6.21 - 9.13) 0.009
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 5.08 (3.84 - 6.70) 5.36 (4.09 - 7.00) 0.566
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 4.98 (3.85 - 6.42) 5.19 (4.02 - 6.67) 0.666
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.30a (3.14 - 5.86) 5.49 (4.05 - 7.40) 0.014
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 5.11 (4.01 - 6.48) 5.61 (4.34 - 7.22) 0.303
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.31 (5.34 - 7.44) 6.81 (5.75 - 8.05) 0.306
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 4.70 (3.50 - 6.29) 4.84 (3.65 - 6.39) 0.764
Regions 17 and 21 4.98b (3.79 - 6.54) 5.90 (4.48 - 7.73) 0.071
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.51 (3.48 - 5.83) 4.14 (3.18 - 5.37) 0.403
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 3.93a (2.91 - 5.29) 5.07 (3.93 - 6.51) 0.012
Regions 29 and 34 3.56a (2.58 - 4.89) 4.97 (3.75 - 6.58) 0.001
Regions 30 and 50 4.73 (3.54 - 6.30) 4.61 (3.47 - 6.09) 0.781
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.26 (5.97 - 8.80) 7.63 (6.32 - 9.19) 0.567
Rhode Island 10.85 (9.50 - 12.37) 11.08 (9.63 - 12.71) 0.750
Bristol and Newport 12.05 (9.04 - 15.89) 11.14 (8.50 - 14.47) 0.435
Kent 9.65 (7.34 - 12.58) 9.19 (6.82 - 12.26) 0.641
Providence 11.18 (9.57 - 13.03) 11.47 (9.72 - 13.49) 0.739
Washington 9.57b (7.15 - 12.70) 11.58 (8.81 - 15.09) 0.056
South Carolina 4.87a (4.10 - 5.77) 5.75 (4.83 - 6.84) 0.019
Region 1 4.31 (3.21 - 5.76) 4.70 (3.51 - 6.27) 0.423
Region 2 5.31a (4.16 - 6.75) 6.43 (5.07 - 8.11) 0.049
Region 3 4.58a (3.38 - 6.19) 6.37 (4.69 - 8.59) 0.003
Region 4 5.12 (3.86 - 6.77) 5.62 (4.23 - 7.44) 0.358
South Dakota 5.24 (4.41 - 6.21) 5.05 (4.20 - 6.05) 0.616
Region 1 5.08 (3.74 - 6.85) 4.76 (3.45 - 6.52) 0.557
Region 2 5.18 (4.00 - 6.68) 4.81 (3.65 - 6.30) 0.481
Region 3 5.12 (3.78 - 6.90) 5.02 (3.72 - 6.74) 0.861
Region 4 5.57 (3.85 - 7.99) 5.76 (4.02 - 8.18) 0.771
Region 5 4.75 (3.32 - 6.76) 4.37 (3.05 - 6.22) 0.473
Region 6 4.14 (2.79 - 6.09) 4.75 (3.22 - 6.96) 0.229
Region 7 6.27 (4.52 - 8.64) 5.91 (4.27 - 8.12) 0.597
Tennessee 5.95b (5.09 - 6.93) 5.21 (4.38 - 6.20) 0.054
Region 1 4.61 (3.22 - 6.54) 4.34 (3.02 - 6.19) 0.578
Region 2 5.52a (4.25 - 7.14) 4.38 (3.21 - 5.96) 0.031
Region 3 6.56a (5.00 - 8.57) 4.95 (3.72 - 6.57) 0.008
Region 4 (Davidson) 7.19 (5.12 - 10.02) 7.57 (5.62 - 10.13) 0.648
Region 5 5.72a (4.41 - 7.38) 4.44 (3.24 - 6.05) 0.017
Region 6 4.77 (3.38 - 6.69) 4.78 (3.40 - 6.69) 0.977
Region 7 (Shelby) 6.98 (5.10 - 9.48) 7.09 (5.28 - 9.47) 0.867
Texas 4.27a (3.86 - 4.71) 5.05 (4.58 - 5.56) 0.001
Region 1 5.16 (3.84 - 6.89) 5.20 (3.98 - 6.78) 0.923
Region 2 4.04 (2.88 - 5.66) 4.63 (3.34 - 6.40) 0.181
Region 3 4.48b (3.82 - 5.25) 5.06 (4.34 - 5.88) 0.094
Region 3a 4.44 (3.63 - 5.42) 5.11 (4.23 - 6.16) 0.103
Region 3bc 4.56 (3.61 - 5.73) 4.96 (3.93 - 6.24) 0.374
Region 4 4.52a (3.39 - 6.01) 5.60 (4.25 - 7.34) 0.030
Region 5 3.88a (2.78 - 5.38) 5.12 (3.79 - 6.88) 0.005
Region 6 4.04a (3.37 - 4.83) 4.98 (4.18 - 5.93) 0.006
Region 6a 4.02a (3.30 - 4.88) 5.05 (4.18 - 6.08) 0.006
Region 6bc 4.15 (2.94 - 5.83) 4.47 (3.22 - 6.18) 0.423
Region 7 5.94 (4.93 - 7.15) 6.71 (5.63 - 7.98) 0.110
Region 7a 6.51 (5.12 - 8.23) 7.17 (5.73 - 8.93) 0.314
Region 7bcd 5.03b (3.81 - 6.63) 5.94 (4.59 - 7.66) 0.089
Region 8 3.73b (2.90 - 4.78) 4.46 (3.48 - 5.69) 0.051
Region 9 3.55a (2.51 - 5.01) 4.68 (3.45 - 6.31) 0.008
Region 10 2.93a (2.08 - 4.10) 4.09 (3.01 - 5.53) 0.001
Region 11 2.96a (2.33 - 3.74) 3.74 (3.00 - 4.64) 0.003
Region 11abd 3.03a (2.25 - 4.06) 4.11 (3.15 - 5.35) 0.001
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 2.83 (2.01 - 3.96) 3.05 (2.21 - 4.18) 0.468
Utah 3.99a (3.28 - 4.83) 3.27 (2.64 - 4.04) 0.023
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 4.06b (2.83 - 5.79) 3.27 (2.23 - 4.76) 0.066
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 3.12 (2.09 - 4.61) 2.63 (1.78 - 3.87) 0.157
Davis County 3.71 (2.57 - 5.35) 3.52 (2.41 - 5.13) 0.665
Salt Lake County 4.57a (3.50 - 5.96) 3.58 (2.71 - 4.71) 0.030
Utah County 3.45 (2.46 - 4.81) 3.09 (2.20 - 4.32) 0.357
Weber, Morgan 3.99a (2.79 - 5.69) 2.89 (1.93 - 4.31) 0.005
Vermont 10.33b (9.07 - 11.74) 11.51 (10.13 - 13.06) 0.088
Champlain Valley 11.00b (9.38 - 12.86) 12.70 (10.79 - 14.89) 0.075
Rural Northeast 10.32 (8.15 - 12.97) 11.53 (9.14 - 14.43) 0.239
Rural Southeast 10.00 (7.81 - 12.72) 10.69 (8.41 - 13.51) 0.519
Rural Southwest 9.17 (6.90 - 12.08) 9.68 (7.45 - 12.49) 0.590
Virginia 6.00 (5.05 - 7.11) 5.49 (4.61 - 6.53) 0.183
Region 1 6.54 (4.98 - 8.56) 5.77 (4.35 - 7.61) 0.220
Region 2 5.31 (3.95 - 7.09) 4.77 (3.52 - 6.44) 0.296
Region 3 5.84 (4.39 - 7.73) 5.60 (4.26 - 7.33) 0.673
Region 4 6.47b (4.93 - 8.46) 5.30 (3.90 - 7.18) 0.060
Region 5 6.19 (4.62 - 8.26) 6.18 (4.69 - 8.10) 0.981
Washington 7.41a (6.30 - 8.69) 8.63 (7.41 - 10.03) 0.016
Region 1 6.78 (5.38 - 8.51) 6.62 (5.12 - 8.52) 0.782
East 1 (previously Region 1) 7.09 (5.32 - 9.39) 6.49 (4.74 - 8.83) 0.415
East 2 (previously Region 2) 6.36 (4.62 - 8.69) 6.80 (4.77 - 9.60) 0.529
Region 2 7.90a (6.32 - 9.82) 9.48 (7.83 - 11.42) 0.028
North 1 (previously Region 3) 7.13a (5.29 - 9.54) 10.50 (8.04 - 13.62) 0.000
North 2 (previously Region 4) 8.34 (6.36 - 10.86) 8.87 (7.01 - 11.18) 0.539
Region 3 7.14a (5.77 - 8.80) 8.77 (7.19 - 10.66) 0.009
West 1 (previously Region 5) 6.62a (4.94 - 8.82) 8.74 (6.70 - 11.32) 0.005
West 2 (previously Region 6) 7.62 (5.85 - 9.87) 8.80 (6.78 - 11.35) 0.149
West Virginia 5.43 (4.62 - 6.38) 5.78 (4.90 - 6.81) 0.372
Region I 5.10 (3.58 - 7.22) 5.06 (3.57 - 7.12) 0.941
Region II 4.72a (3.43 - 6.45) 5.94 (4.28 - 8.21) 0.044
Region III 4.65 (3.27 - 6.58) 4.92 (3.45 - 6.97) 0.636
Region IV 7.38 (5.79 - 9.37) 6.47 (5.05 - 8.26) 0.186
Region V 5.27 (4.02 - 6.89) 6.12 (4.82 - 7.73) 0.151
Region VI 4.56 (3.38 - 6.12) 5.12 (3.77 - 6.92) 0.279
Wisconsin 6.03 (5.16 - 7.04) 5.90 (4.98 - 6.97) 0.730
Milwaukee 6.71 (5.01 - 8.92) 7.11 (5.35 - 9.40) 0.573
Northeastern 5.12 (3.77 - 6.91) 5.10 (3.85 - 6.72) 0.978
Northern 5.04 (3.64 - 6.95) 4.84 (3.40 - 6.86) 0.697
Southeastern 6.31 (4.86 - 8.16) 5.64 (4.22 - 7.51) 0.257
Southern 6.55 (5.06 - 8.43) 6.62 (4.97 - 8.76) 0.915
Western 6.19 (4.50 - 8.44) 5.83 (4.35 - 7.77) 0.548
Wyoming 6.12a (5.26 - 7.11) 5.29 (4.45 - 6.27) 0.028
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 5.07 (3.70 - 6.90) 5.00 (3.65 - 6.80) 0.895
Judicial District 2 9.98 (7.69 - 12.85) 8.98 (6.95 - 11.53) 0.276
Judicial District 3 5.42a (4.01 - 7.29) 3.81 (2.80 - 5.17) 0.001
Judicial District 4 5.49 (3.80 - 7.88) 4.59 (3.17 - 6.61) 0.104
Judicial District 5 4.98 (3.57 - 6.91) 4.34 (3.10 - 6.03) 0.205
Judicial District 6 5.70b (4.14 - 7.81) 4.64 (3.31 - 6.47) 0.056
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 7.10 (5.37 - 9.34) 6.22 (4.55 - 8.43) 0.221
Judicial District 8 4.88 (3.40 - 6.97) 4.71 (3.29 - 6.71) 0.754
Judicial District 9 6.78 (4.88 - 9.35) 5.75 (4.03 - 8.16) 0.165
120709
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 38.18a (37.74 - 38.63) 34.70 (34.25 - 35.15) 0.000
Northeast 35.59a (34.74 - 36.45) 32.03 (31.17 - 32.90) 0.000
Midwest 36.79a (36.15 - 37.45) 33.21 (32.53 - 33.89) 0.000
South 42.21a (41.58 - 42.86) 39.08 (38.41 - 39.75) 0.000
West 35.24a (34.43 - 36.07) 31.32 (30.46 - 32.19) 0.000
Alabama 46.14a (43.47 - 48.83) 41.05 (38.32 - 43.83) 0.000
Region 1 43.92 (39.30 - 48.64) 40.85 (36.34 - 45.52) 0.149
Region 2 45.77a (41.87 - 49.71) 38.19 (34.16 - 42.38) 0.000
Region 3 48.15 (43.18 - 53.15) 44.61 (39.42 - 49.92) 0.116
Region 4 47.86a (43.32 - 52.43) 42.58 (37.94 - 47.35) 0.014
Alaska 29.44a (27.14 - 31.84) 25.75 (23.27 - 28.41) 0.002
Anchorage 28.40 (25.16 - 31.89) 25.83 (22.59 - 29.37) 0.116
Northern 30.37a (26.61 - 34.42) 26.06 (21.99 - 30.59) 0.012
South Central 29.79a (26.05 - 33.82) 24.44 (20.32 - 29.10) 0.006
Southeast 30.71 (25.66 - 36.28) 28.08 (22.95 - 33.87) 0.216
Arizona 37.60a (35.05 - 40.22) 33.36 (30.60 - 36.24) 0.002
Maricopa 37.33a (34.19 - 40.58) 33.11 (29.77 - 36.63) 0.014
Pima 35.72b (31.30 - 40.40) 31.83 (26.62 - 37.53) 0.077
Rural North 36.23 (31.14 - 41.65) 32.66 (27.24 - 38.58) 0.120
Rural South 42.52a (37.15 - 48.08) 37.08 (31.31 - 43.25) 0.019
Arkansas 42.34a (39.72 - 45.00) 38.63 (35.99 - 41.35) 0.005
Catchment Area 1 37.33 (32.45 - 42.49) 35.06 (30.04 - 40.43) 0.311
Catchment Area 2 42.74 (37.38 - 48.28) 41.12 (35.46 - 47.02) 0.500
Catchment Area 3 44.44 (39.71 - 49.26) 41.36 (36.10 - 46.83) 0.183
Catchment Area 4 41.96 (36.21 - 47.95) 40.13 (33.95 - 46.64) 0.474
Catchment Area 5 40.01 (35.38 - 44.83) 36.42 (31.76 - 41.35) 0.102
Catchment Area 6 48.21 (42.59 - 53.87) 44.25 (37.72 - 50.98) 0.115
Catchment Area 7 48.76a (43.15 - 54.40) 43.05 (36.72 - 49.61) 0.018
Catchment Area 8 41.17a (36.54 - 45.97) 34.79 (30.02 - 39.88) 0.004
California 37.06a (35.72 - 38.41) 32.81 (31.44 - 34.22) 0.000
Region 1R 30.65b (26.25 - 35.44) 27.45 (22.73 - 32.73) 0.094
Region 2R 29.02a (24.96 - 33.45) 24.86 (20.66 - 29.60) 0.026
Region 3R (Sacramento) 30.92 (26.71 - 35.47) 28.69 (24.04 - 33.83) 0.287
Region 4R 28.71b (24.62 - 33.17) 25.49 (21.26 - 30.23) 0.087
Region 5R (San Francisco) 29.24a (24.52 - 34.45) 23.90 (19.07 - 29.51) 0.009
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 38.33a (33.89 - 42.97) 32.99 (28.44 - 37.89) 0.011
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 31.04 (26.76 - 35.66) 31.11 (25.96 - 36.77) 0.970
Region 8R (Alameda) 35.34a (31.17 - 39.76) 27.90 (23.41 - 32.88) 0.000
Region 9R (San Mateo) 34.98a (29.99 - 40.33) 29.24 (24.07 - 35.01) 0.006
Region 10 33.82a (29.44 - 38.50) 27.03 (22.71 - 31.83) 0.000
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 39.89a (37.90 - 41.90) 35.40 (33.35 - 37.51) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 32.28a (27.64 - 37.30) 27.94 (23.09 - 33.36) 0.029
LA SPA 2 37.88a (33.82 - 42.12) 34.18 (29.89 - 38.75) 0.049
LA SPA 3 41.97 (37.70 - 46.36) 38.89 (34.49 - 43.48) 0.118
LA SPA 4 40.98b (36.19 - 45.96) 37.26 (32.31 - 42.50) 0.080
LA SPA 6 43.54a (38.66 - 48.55) 38.38 (33.42 - 43.59) 0.008
LA SPA 7 42.70a (38.23 - 47.30) 37.54 (32.84 - 42.49) 0.012
LA SPA 8 39.76a (35.40 - 44.29) 32.95 (28.37 - 37.88) 0.001
Region 12R 35.99 (31.17 - 41.11) 32.86 (27.77 - 38.39) 0.106
Regions 13 and 19R 41.98a (37.98 - 46.08) 37.03 (33.01 - 41.24) 0.006
Region 13 (Riverside) 41.32a (37.08 - 45.70) 36.27 (32.00 - 40.77) 0.008
Region 19R (Imperial) 50.09 (44.23 - 55.96) 46.81 (41.05 - 52.65) 0.126
Region 14 (Orange) 39.27a (35.40 - 43.27) 34.37 (30.81 - 38.12) 0.008
Region 15R (Fresno) 43.19b (38.34 - 48.16) 39.51 (34.39 - 44.87) 0.071
Region 16R (San Diego) 31.42 (28.16 - 34.86) 28.85 (25.41 - 32.54) 0.109
Region 17R 43.24a (39.18 - 47.39) 39.28 (34.85 - 43.88) 0.041
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 43.97a (40.13 - 47.89) 37.83 (33.70 - 42.14) 0.001
Region 20R 41.77b (37.05 - 46.65) 37.93 (32.56 - 43.61) 0.060
Region 21R 29.84 (25.67 - 34.38) 29.18 (24.46 - 34.40) 0.720
Colorado 28.84a (26.53 - 31.26) 24.20 (21.88 - 26.68) 0.000
Region 1 30.89a (26.75 - 35.36) 23.59 (19.20 - 28.62) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 26.82a (23.91 - 29.94) 21.99 (19.05 - 25.23) 0.002
Region 3 29.39 (24.99 - 34.20) 26.32 (22.09 - 31.05) 0.109
Region 4 40.36 (34.47 - 46.54) 36.84 (30.36 - 43.84) 0.179
Regions 5 and 6 29.82 (25.04 - 35.09) 26.78 (21.90 - 32.30) 0.126
Connecticut 35.83a (33.33 - 38.42) 32.51 (29.87 - 35.27) 0.009
Eastern 30.51 (25.90 - 35.54) 27.46 (22.50 - 33.05) 0.138
North Central 37.21 (33.11 - 41.51) 35.35 (31.04 - 39.91) 0.383
Northwestern 38.23 (33.52 - 43.18) 34.64 (29.92 - 39.68) 0.107
South Central 34.93b (30.90 - 39.20) 30.97 (26.41 - 35.93) 0.054
Southwest 36.10a (31.32 - 41.17) 31.46 (26.57 - 36.79) 0.032
Delaware 36.75a (34.11 - 39.47) 32.24 (29.56 - 35.06) 0.001
Kent 38.35a (33.59 - 43.33) 33.39 (28.40 - 38.79) 0.028
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 34.22b (30.75 - 37.85) 30.94 (27.39 - 34.74) 0.075
Sussex 41.29a (36.67 - 46.07) 34.22 (29.29 - 39.51) 0.002
Wilmington City 37.43a (31.67 - 43.58) 32.66 (27.15 - 38.69) 0.032
District of Columbia 30.33a (27.81 - 32.96) 27.34 (24.89 - 29.94) 0.011
Ward 1 26.99 (22.40 - 32.13) 26.44 (21.81 - 31.67) 0.791
Ward 2 20.56 (16.95 - 24.71) 18.37 (14.56 - 22.91) 0.202
Ward 3 18.88 (15.11 - 23.32) 17.59 (13.85 - 22.08) 0.437
Ward 4 33.24 (28.33 - 38.55) 31.93 (26.58 - 37.80) 0.566
Ward 5 33.75 (28.86 - 39.02) 32.23 (26.72 - 38.28) 0.506
Ward 6 30.55a (25.65 - 35.94) 25.71 (21.01 - 31.05) 0.016
Ward 7 42.07a (37.02 - 47.29) 35.74 (30.65 - 41.17) 0.007
Ward 8 41.47a (36.48 - 46.64) 34.50 (29.41 - 39.98) 0.001
Florida 42.84 (41.40 - 44.29) 41.73 (40.30 - 43.18) 0.155
Region A - Northwest 39.50a (36.26 - 42.83) 36.46 (33.09 - 39.96) 0.041
Circuit 1 38.83 (33.95 - 43.95) 37.67 (32.73 - 42.89) 0.618
Circuit 2 37.65a (32.68 - 42.89) 32.86 (27.61 - 38.57) 0.023
Circuit 14 43.48a (38.19 - 48.93) 38.27 (32.70 - 44.17) 0.021
Region B - Northeast 37.95 (35.27 - 40.71) 38.12 (35.17 - 41.16) 0.904
Circuits 3 and 8 38.79 (34.02 - 43.78) 38.28 (33.29 - 43.54) 0.804
Circuit 4 37.65 (33.64 - 41.83) 38.08 (33.52 - 42.85) 0.833
Circuit 7 37.80 (33.40 - 42.41) 38.06 (33.09 - 43.30) 0.904
Region C - Central 42.35b (40.13 - 44.60) 40.44 (38.21 - 42.71) 0.082
Circuit 5 43.16 (38.50 - 47.95) 41.47 (36.73 - 46.36) 0.440
Circuit 9 45.56a (41.80 - 49.37) 41.36 (37.35 - 45.49) 0.026
Circuit 10 43.82 (38.83 - 48.95) 42.61 (37.51 - 47.87) 0.580
Circuit 18 38.40 (34.28 - 42.70) 37.22 (32.67 - 42.02) 0.560
Circuit 19 38.69 (34.01 - 43.59) 39.33 (33.91 - 45.03) 0.779
Region D - Southeast 42.51 (39.77 - 45.31) 41.24 (38.19 - 44.37) 0.392
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 40.55 (36.48 - 44.75) 38.69 (33.91 - 43.70) 0.382
Circuit 17 (Broward) 43.97 (40.40 - 47.60) 43.16 (39.54 - 46.85) 0.666
Region E - Sun Coast 41.17 (38.84 - 43.55) 39.70 (37.23 - 42.23) 0.220
Circuit 6 41.50a (37.42 - 45.71) 36.69 (32.35 - 41.27) 0.020
Circuit 12 39.87b (34.85 - 45.12) 35.78 (30.58 - 41.35) 0.083
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 42.20 (38.35 - 46.14) 44.38 (40.20 - 48.64) 0.277
Circuit 20 40.59 (36.19 - 45.15) 41.19 (36.49 - 46.05) 0.780
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 53.68 (50.20 - 57.12) 55.04 (51.67 - 58.37) 0.440
Georgia 39.92a (37.23 - 42.67) 35.23 (32.59 - 37.96) 0.000
Region 1 41.36a (36.99 - 45.86) 34.83 (30.39 - 39.54) 0.001
Region 2 39.96 (35.14 - 44.97) 37.51 (32.30 - 43.03) 0.250
Region 3 36.93a (32.89 - 41.16) 32.28 (28.03 - 36.84) 0.028
Region 4 43.07 (37.34 - 49.00) 40.58 (34.15 - 47.35) 0.301
Region 5 39.92 (34.70 - 45.38) 36.53 (30.86 - 42.59) 0.156
Region 6 42.47a (37.24 - 47.88) 37.00 (31.80 - 42.53) 0.016
Hawaii 37.57a (34.82 - 40.40) 31.97 (29.24 - 34.82) 0.000
Hawaii Island 34.33a (29.43 - 39.58) 26.46 (21.51 - 32.09) 0.000
Honolulu 38.78a (35.60 - 42.05) 33.47 (30.31 - 36.79) 0.003
Kauai and Maui 34.92a (30.34 - 39.80) 30.05 (25.54 - 34.97) 0.011
Kauai 36.42a (30.25 - 43.08) 31.05 (24.71 - 38.19) 0.030
Maui 34.25a (28.87 - 40.06) 29.60 (24.44 - 35.34) 0.036
Idaho 37.50a (35.20 - 39.85) 32.80 (30.37 - 35.33) 0.000
Region 1 34.10a (29.48 - 39.04) 27.26 (22.61 - 32.47) 0.002
Region 2 34.95b (29.56 - 40.75) 30.59 (24.86 - 36.99) 0.057
Region 3 40.17 (35.67 - 44.84) 37.99 (33.38 - 42.84) 0.304
Region 4 31.69a (28.01 - 35.61) 27.59 (23.71 - 31.84) 0.031
Region 5 43.71a (38.40 - 49.16) 37.75 (32.22 - 43.62) 0.009
Region 6 39.00a (33.85 - 44.41) 33.64 (28.74 - 38.91) 0.010
Region 7 45.55a (41.07 - 50.10) 40.41 (35.35 - 45.68) 0.023
Illinois 38.81a (37.40 - 40.23) 34.54 (33.11 - 36.00) 0.000
Region I (Cook) 39.58a (37.25 - 41.95) 34.03 (31.68 - 36.47) 0.000
Region II 35.51a (33.32 - 37.76) 33.08 (30.91 - 35.32) 0.043
Region III 39.80a (36.68 - 43.00) 35.41 (32.38 - 38.57) 0.006
Region IV 42.49a (38.42 - 46.67) 37.77 (33.64 - 42.09) 0.016
Region V 42.46a (39.12 - 45.88) 38.20 (34.72 - 41.80) 0.015
Indiana 37.40 (35.00 - 39.87) 35.54 (33.01 - 38.15) 0.127
Central 36.76 (32.70 - 41.00) 36.80 (32.31 - 41.52) 0.984
East 37.34 (31.67 - 43.38) 36.31 (30.50 - 42.55) 0.663
North Central 39.60 (34.95 - 44.45) 37.98 (32.82 - 43.42) 0.465
Northeast 36.58 (31.83 - 41.61) 34.79 (29.43 - 40.55) 0.407
Northwest 39.68a (34.72 - 44.86) 33.32 (28.22 - 38.85) 0.005
Southeast 36.03 (31.07 - 41.30) 34.32 (29.12 - 39.93) 0.466
Southwest 39.58 (34.47 - 44.92) 37.81 (31.94 - 44.07) 0.452
West 34.08 (29.56 - 38.90) 31.36 (26.66 - 36.47) 0.185
Iowa 38.48a (36.12 - 40.89) 34.24 (31.73 - 36.84) 0.001
Central 35.31a (30.99 - 39.88) 27.48 (23.14 - 32.28) 0.000
North Central 39.07 (34.47 - 43.87) 36.76 (31.46 - 42.39) 0.312
Northeast 38.38a (34.29 - 42.65) 33.08 (28.81 - 37.63) 0.011
Northwest 41.11 (36.34 - 46.05) 40.07 (34.87 - 45.50) 0.653
Southeast 38.61a (34.56 - 42.81) 34.44 (30.27 - 38.86) 0.029
Southwest 39.09 (33.93 - 44.50) 36.59 (30.95 - 42.62) 0.269
Kansas 38.72a (36.16 - 41.35) 35.92 (33.33 - 38.59) 0.028
Kansas City Metro 34.67 (31.01 - 38.52) 33.73 (30.04 - 37.64) 0.602
Northeast 39.85b (35.36 - 44.51) 35.55 (30.68 - 40.74) 0.054
South Central 41.09 (35.67 - 46.72) 38.71 (32.81 - 44.96) 0.314
Southeast 39.23 (33.59 - 45.17) 36.66 (30.41 - 43.40) 0.294
West 45.47a (40.14 - 50.90) 38.54 (33.15 - 44.22) 0.002
Wichita (Sedgwick) 38.90 (34.17 - 43.86) 36.60 (31.49 - 42.02) 0.313
Kentucky 44.00a (41.31 - 46.72) 40.50 (37.82 - 43.23) 0.007
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 46.19 (41.01 - 51.46) 43.09 (37.78 - 48.55) 0.185
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 43.25a (39.28 - 47.30) 38.38 (34.17 - 42.77) 0.011
Communicare and River Valley 44.86a (39.27 - 50.57) 38.36 (32.63 - 44.44) 0.006
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 47.48b (41.90 - 53.12) 43.30 (37.54 - 49.24) 0.094
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 47.35 (42.36 - 52.40) 45.07 (39.37 - 50.91) 0.332
Seven Counties 39.48 (34.91 - 44.25) 38.69 (33.72 - 43.90) 0.728
Louisiana 45.52a (42.94 - 48.13) 42.12 (39.47 - 44.83) 0.009
Regions 1 and 3 46.24 (41.16 - 51.40) 44.56 (39.26 - 49.99) 0.468
Regions 2 and 9 44.67b (40.58 - 48.84) 40.96 (36.73 - 45.33) 0.077
Regions 4, 5, and 6 44.88a (40.65 - 49.19) 40.29 (35.78 - 44.97) 0.021
Regions 7 and 8 48.07 (43.41 - 52.76) 45.31 (40.48 - 50.23) 0.225
Region 10 (Jefferson) 43.27 (37.58 - 49.14) 39.53 (33.55 - 45.85) 0.126
Maine 30.96a (28.55 - 33.49) 26.19 (23.75 - 28.78) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast 35.25 (30.09 - 40.77) 31.69 (26.52 - 37.35) 0.141
Central 34.28a (29.34 - 39.59) 27.37 (22.50 - 32.84) 0.002
Cumberland 27.51a (23.48 - 31.95) 22.33 (18.56 - 26.62) 0.005
Midcoast 32.79a (27.70 - 38.32) 27.65 (22.63 - 33.30) 0.023
Penquis 30.73 (26.03 - 35.87) 28.19 (23.32 - 33.64) 0.249
Western 30.52a (26.07 - 35.36) 24.85 (20.76 - 29.44) 0.004
York 28.62b (24.26 - 33.42) 24.65 (20.17 - 29.75) 0.053
Maryland 38.20a (35.63 - 40.83) 33.76 (30.93 - 36.72) 0.001
Anne Arundel 34.94b (30.06 - 40.15) 30.76 (25.20 - 36.94) 0.080
Baltimore City 44.16 (39.12 - 49.34) 41.43 (35.55 - 47.56) 0.238
Baltimore County 37.44a (32.14 - 43.07) 31.45 (25.82 - 37.69) 0.015
Montgomery 35.55 (30.78 - 40.62) 32.38 (27.23 - 38.01) 0.162
North Central 33.67a (28.45 - 39.32) 29.05 (23.78 - 34.96) 0.040
Northeast 34.26b (28.91 - 40.04) 30.28 (25.06 - 36.06) 0.076
Prince George's 43.37a (38.40 - 48.47) 37.05 (31.44 - 43.02) 0.007
South 38.96 (33.90 - 44.28) 35.73 (29.92 - 41.98) 0.195
West 38.31a (33.21 - 43.67) 33.48 (27.86 - 39.60) 0.040
Massachusetts 26.66 (24.30 - 29.17) 24.90 (22.61 - 27.33) 0.143
Boston 28.00 (23.54 - 32.93) 26.11 (21.32 - 31.54) 0.351
Central 28.29b (23.90 - 33.14) 24.80 (20.37 - 29.84) 0.088
Metrowest 25.88 (22.24 - 29.88) 23.98 (20.20 - 28.22) 0.304
Northeast 26.28 (22.40 - 30.57) 27.14 (22.96 - 31.78) 0.664
Southeast 24.64 (20.49 - 29.32) 21.48 (17.70 - 25.81) 0.103
Western 28.85 (24.22 - 33.96) 27.34 (22.99 - 32.17) 0.472
Michigan 34.35a (33.06 - 35.67) 30.45 (29.17 - 31.76) 0.000
Detroit City 39.79 (35.93 - 43.78) 36.83 (32.87 - 40.98) 0.147
Genesee 34.19a (30.25 - 38.36) 26.81 (22.68 - 31.38) 0.000
Kalamazoo 34.11 (30.30 - 38.13) 32.37 (28.58 - 36.41) 0.338
Kent 33.59a (29.72 - 37.70) 29.40 (25.39 - 33.75) 0.025
Lakeshore 37.61a (33.84 - 41.54) 31.65 (28.06 - 35.47) 0.001
Macomb 34.59b (31.00 - 38.36) 31.29 (27.63 - 35.21) 0.063
Mid South 32.61a (29.50 - 35.87) 27.32 (24.18 - 30.70) 0.001
Northern 31.02a (27.64 - 34.62) 27.56 (23.91 - 31.52) 0.046
Oakland 31.37 (28.18 - 34.73) 28.92 (25.74 - 32.33) 0.137
Pathways and Western 34.52a (29.85 - 39.52) 29.35 (24.68 - 34.51) 0.008
Riverhaven 37.67a (32.98 - 42.62) 31.13 (26.61 - 36.04) 0.002
Saginaw 35.82b (31.21 - 40.70) 32.43 (27.60 - 37.67) 0.092
Southeast 37.14a (34.06 - 40.33) 33.38 (30.10 - 36.83) 0.027
St. Clair 34.62b (30.12 - 39.42) 31.38 (26.94 - 36.20) 0.097
Washtenaw 28.29 (24.49 - 32.42) 25.54 (21.73 - 29.78) 0.103
Minnesota 31.21a (28.80 - 33.73) 28.54 (26.11 - 31.09) 0.024
Regions 1 and 2 33.02a (27.86 - 38.62) 28.63 (23.64 - 34.22) 0.041
Regions 3 and 4 33.63a (29.29 - 38.27) 29.52 (25.27 - 34.16) 0.035
Regions 5 and 6 32.47a (28.33 - 36.91) 28.14 (23.83 - 32.90) 0.031
Region 7A (Hennepin) 28.36 (24.14 - 33.01) 26.87 (22.60 - 31.60) 0.457
Region 7B (Ramsey) 29.19 (24.28 - 34.64) 29.83 (24.81 - 35.39) 0.759
Region 7C 31.07 (27.24 - 35.18) 29.12 (24.76 - 33.91) 0.333
Mississippi 50.75a (48.16 - 53.32) 46.23 (43.61 - 48.88) 0.001
Region 1 50.51a (45.98 - 55.02) 44.96 (40.43 - 49.58) 0.009
Region 2 53.91 (48.68 - 59.05) 53.96 (47.97 - 59.83) 0.984
Region 3 53.38a (48.29 - 58.41) 47.48 (42.26 - 52.77) 0.012
Region 4 47.29a (42.67 - 51.96) 42.52 (37.78 - 47.41) 0.036
Region 5 54.53 (48.69 - 60.25) 51.38 (45.13 - 57.60) 0.214
Region 6 51.84a (46.73 - 56.91) 41.53 (35.61 - 47.71) 0.000
Region 7 47.53 (42.48 - 52.62) 45.61 (40.23 - 51.09) 0.414
Missouri 37.11b (34.55 - 39.75) 34.65 (32.08 - 37.32) 0.051
Central 37.66 (33.20 - 42.33) 35.10 (29.93 - 40.65) 0.239
Eastern 33.99 (30.37 - 37.80) 32.53 (28.94 - 36.34) 0.375
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 34.17 (29.81 - 38.81) 32.78 (28.44 - 37.43) 0.490
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 33.66 (28.44 - 39.31) 32.09 (26.95 - 37.70) 0.479
Northwest 39.01 (35.12 - 43.03) 36.44 (32.44 - 40.63) 0.150
Northwest (Jackson) 42.12a (36.99 - 47.43) 36.51 (31.42 - 41.92) 0.015
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 36.29 (31.24 - 41.66) 36.38 (30.91 - 42.23) 0.970
Southeast 41.03 (35.94 - 46.33) 37.81 (32.41 - 43.53) 0.185
Southwest 37.88b (33.33 - 42.66) 33.96 (29.06 - 39.24) 0.074
Montana 31.62a (29.23 - 34.12) 27.66 (25.31 - 30.15) 0.001
Region 1 38.47b (32.54 - 44.75) 34.40 (28.66 - 40.63) 0.092
Region 2 36.52 (31.69 - 41.63) 34.87 (29.58 - 40.56) 0.480
Region 3 35.15 (30.92 - 39.62) 31.68 (27.37 - 36.32) 0.101
Region 4 27.86a (24.26 - 31.76) 22.53 (18.96 - 26.55) 0.003
Region 5 28.39a (24.74 - 32.35) 24.40 (20.87 - 28.32) 0.026
Nebraska 41.27a (38.65 - 43.94) 34.78 (32.22 - 37.43) 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 45.10a (40.26 - 50.02) 39.06 (33.89 - 44.49) 0.003
Region 1 43.24b (37.35 - 49.34) 38.69 (32.26 - 45.54) 0.073
Region 2 46.69a (40.26 - 53.23) 39.38 (32.58 - 46.61) 0.005
Region 3 46.41 (40.92 - 52.00) 45.12 (39.86 - 50.49) 0.585
Region 4 47.01a (41.63 - 52.45) 40.30 (34.50 - 46.38) 0.006
Region 5 38.72a (34.73 - 42.87) 32.93 (28.89 - 37.23) 0.003
Region 6 38.49a (34.66 - 42.48) 29.97 (26.35 - 33.87) 0.000
Nevada 36.53a (33.80 - 39.35) 33.47 (30.66 - 36.41) 0.035
Clark 37.98a (34.69 - 41.39) 34.02 (30.73 - 37.47) 0.022
Rural 34.32 (29.64 - 39.33) 33.95 (28.36 - 40.04) 0.874
Washoe 31.89 (27.51 - 36.62) 30.58 (25.82 - 35.79) 0.536
New Hampshire 25.83 (23.53 - 28.27) 24.06 (21.74 - 26.54) 0.142
Central 25.58 (22.35 - 29.10) 26.45 (23.03 - 30.18) 0.585
Central 1 26.89 (22.68 - 31.56) 25.45 (21.07 - 30.40) 0.458
Central 2 24.34 (20.17 - 29.05) 27.40 (22.91 - 32.39) 0.146
Northern 24.74 (20.32 - 29.77) 24.17 (19.53 - 29.49) 0.775
Southern 26.18a (23.48 - 29.08) 22.87 (20.17 - 25.81) 0.019
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 25.80a (22.09 - 29.89) 21.56 (17.59 - 26.14) 0.024
Southern 2 26.42 (23.10 - 30.04) 23.68 (20.36 - 27.36) 0.121
New Jersey 39.64a (36.93 - 42.41) 34.97 (32.12 - 37.93) 0.001
Central 37.71a (33.01 - 42.65) 30.37 (25.67 - 35.51) 0.001
Metropolitan 42.25 (37.76 - 46.88) 40.29 (35.69 - 45.07) 0.348
Northern 40.03b (35.84 - 44.37) 36.39 (31.95 - 41.08) 0.094
Southern 38.25a (33.87 - 42.82) 32.09 (27.62 - 36.93) 0.003
New Mexico 39.86b (37.24 - 42.54) 37.70 (35.16 - 40.31) 0.096
Region 1 39.47 (35.22 - 43.90) 37.03 (32.54 - 41.76) 0.254
Region 2 37.24b (32.17 - 42.61) 33.10 (28.12 - 38.49) 0.060
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 36.89 (33.01 - 40.96) 35.72 (31.62 - 40.04) 0.553
Region 4 45.28 (40.20 - 50.45) 41.99 (36.58 - 47.60) 0.144
Region 5 43.60 (38.89 - 48.44) 42.42 (37.59 - 47.40) 0.583
New York 36.81a (35.28 - 38.37) 33.23 (31.75 - 34.76) 0.000
Region A 39.10a (36.83 - 41.41) 35.58 (33.33 - 37.88) 0.002
Region 1 43.91 (39.43 - 48.49) 43.19 (38.38 - 48.13) 0.711
Region 2 39.89a (36.54 - 43.34) 34.64 (31.33 - 38.12) 0.002
Region 3 30.02 (26.13 - 34.22) 27.32 (23.22 - 31.85) 0.141
Region 4 41.97b (37.74 - 46.32) 38.51 (34.41 - 42.78) 0.098
Region B 35.87a (33.45 - 38.36) 32.97 (30.63 - 35.40) 0.021
Region 5 36.81b (33.47 - 40.27) 33.85 (30.67 - 37.20) 0.080
Region 6 35.56 (31.67 - 39.64) 32.57 (28.36 - 37.09) 0.129
Region 7 33.33 (28.98 - 37.98) 30.79 (26.76 - 35.14) 0.211
Region C 34.32a (32.29 - 36.41) 29.72 (27.63 - 31.91) 0.000
Region 8 28.51 (24.71 - 32.63) 25.97 (22.32 - 29.98) 0.165
Region 9 34.41b (30.39 - 38.68) 31.03 (26.84 - 35.55) 0.085
Region 10 34.64a (30.51 - 39.02) 26.99 (22.63 - 31.84) 0.000
Region 11 36.60a (32.89 - 40.48) 30.92 (27.01 - 35.12) 0.003
Region 12 37.10a (33.37 - 40.98) 31.94 (28.00 - 36.16) 0.006
Region D 35.36a (32.40 - 38.43) 32.30 (29.21 - 35.56) 0.034
Region 13 33.63 (29.15 - 38.43) 32.62 (27.49 - 38.20) 0.632
Region 14 34.92a (30.28 - 39.87) 30.74 (26.27 - 35.59) 0.047
Region 15 37.32b (32.51 - 42.39) 33.57 (28.70 - 38.82) 0.096
North Carolina 38.96a (36.28 - 41.71) 33.60 (31.03 - 36.27) 0.000
CenterPoint/Guilford 39.71a (35.25 - 44.35) 33.70 (28.93 - 38.83) 0.002
CenterPoint 40.84b (35.20 - 46.73) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 38.44a (32.32 - 44.94) 31.37 (25.69 - 37.66) 0.004
Durham 34.59a (30.37 - 39.06) 30.05 (25.80 - 34.68) 0.023
East Carolina 41.40a (35.48 - 47.57) 36.49 (30.40 - 43.04) 0.039
Eastpointe 43.54a (37.61 - 49.66) 35.99 (29.95 - 42.51) 0.002
ECCS 34.65a (29.01 - 40.76) 29.76 (24.07 - 36.16) 0.044
Mecklenburg 38.80a (33.54 - 44.33) 33.34 (28.07 - 39.06) 0.022
Pathways 39.57a (34.14 - 45.27) 34.50 (29.45 - 39.93) 0.037
PBH 39.96a (34.94 - 45.19) 34.84 (29.29 - 40.84) 0.032
Sandhills 42.45 (36.48 - 48.64) 38.99 (32.60 - 45.78) 0.153
Smoky Mountain 38.57a (32.76 - 44.71) 33.39 (27.37 - 40.01) 0.038
Western Highlands 38.46a (32.43 - 44.86) 31.41 (25.46 - 38.05) 0.006
North Dakota 38.59b (36.14 - 41.10) 36.14 (33.61 - 38.76) 0.063
Badlands and West Central 37.23 (33.17 - 41.49) 38.97 (34.52 - 43.62) 0.426
Lake Region and South Central 45.18a (39.74 - 50.75) 37.21 (31.65 - 43.12) 0.002
North Central and Northwest 41.02 (36.37 - 45.83) 42.50 (37.42 - 47.75) 0.522
Northeast 38.85a (34.37 - 43.53) 30.49 (25.74 - 35.70) 0.000
Southeast 34.52 (30.83 - 38.42) 31.72 (28.23 - 35.43) 0.123
Ohio 37.41a (36.04 - 38.79) 33.39 (32.00 - 34.81) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 40.44 (36.29 - 44.74) 40.34 (36.01 - 44.82) 0.959
Boards 3, 52, and 85 34.74 (30.03 - 39.76) 31.46 (26.43 - 36.96) 0.132
Boards 4 and 78 40.60b (35.76 - 45.62) 36.27 (31.03 - 41.85) 0.052
Boards 5 and 60 41.83a (37.47 - 46.32) 34.73 (30.18 - 39.58) 0.001
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 43.83b (39.09 - 48.67) 39.38 (34.43 - 44.55) 0.051
Boards 8, 13, and 83 36.76a (32.25 - 41.52) 29.67 (25.12 - 34.66) 0.001
Board 9 (Butler) 36.34b (31.81 - 41.13) 32.28 (27.35 - 37.64) 0.054
Board 12 40.01a (35.20 - 45.01) 33.00 (28.42 - 37.93) 0.001
Boards 18 and 47 38.89a (35.61 - 42.26) 32.25 (29.12 - 35.56) 0.000
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 38.97 (34.40 - 43.75) 39.60 (34.62 - 44.81) 0.762
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 37.63 (33.50 - 41.95) 36.77 (32.10 - 41.71) 0.698
Boards 22, 74, and 87 36.08a (31.34 - 41.10) 31.22 (26.63 - 36.20) 0.022
Boards 23 and 45 38.04b (33.48 - 42.83) 34.37 (29.59 - 39.48) 0.080
Board 25 (Franklin) 33.02a (29.61 - 36.62) 29.18 (25.96 - 32.62) 0.026
Boards 27, 71, and 73 43.05a (38.50 - 47.73) 38.58 (33.95 - 43.41) 0.034
Boards 28, 43, and 67 36.68a (32.37 - 41.21) 29.62 (25.66 - 33.91) 0.001
Board 31 (Hamilton) 32.60 (28.75 - 36.70) 30.39 (26.00 - 35.18) 0.251
Board 48 (Lucas) 34.51 (30.18 - 39.12) 32.16 (27.35 - 37.38) 0.281
Boards 50 and 76 38.84 (34.61 - 43.23) 36.08 (31.70 - 40.70) 0.166
Board 57 (Montgomery) 36.29 (31.98 - 40.83) 35.89 (31.24 - 40.82) 0.834
Board 77 (Summit) 33.99a (30.13 - 38.07) 28.63 (24.57 - 33.08) 0.004
Oklahoma 42.24a (39.51 - 45.02) 37.86 (35.04 - 40.77) 0.001
Central 43.35a (37.93 - 48.92) 35.96 (30.78 - 41.49) 0.001
East Central 41.77b (36.23 - 47.53) 37.51 (31.66 - 43.75) 0.081
Northeast 41.28a (35.92 - 46.85) 34.47 (29.21 - 40.14) 0.003
Northwest and Southwest 43.92b (38.70 - 49.27) 40.12 (34.62 - 45.89) 0.096
Oklahoma County 41.79 (36.90 - 46.84) 40.36 (34.89 - 46.09) 0.553
Southeast 43.92a (38.69 - 49.29) 39.07 (33.53 - 44.91) 0.048
Tulsa County 40.12b (35.44 - 45.00) 36.32 (31.35 - 41.60) 0.068
Oregon 28.52a (26.14 - 31.03) 23.96 (21.61 - 26.48) 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 25.11a (21.24 - 29.43) 20.60 (16.63 - 25.23) 0.017
Region 2 30.28a (26.40 - 34.46) 23.73 (19.79 - 28.18) 0.001
Region 3 26.54a (23.02 - 30.39) 23.00 (19.59 - 26.80) 0.038
Region 4 31.15a (26.44 - 36.29) 26.41 (21.63 - 31.82) 0.033
Region 5 (Central) 27.91a (22.86 - 33.59) 23.77 (18.78 - 29.60) 0.042
Region 6 (Eastern) 36.43 (30.71 - 42.57) 34.26 (28.39 - 40.66) 0.368
Pennsylvania 37.84a (36.41 - 39.30) 34.00 (32.57 - 35.46) 0.000
Region 1 (Allegheny) 38.16a (34.59 - 41.85) 34.05 (30.41 - 37.89) 0.030
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 38.53 (34.33 - 42.90) 37.12 (32.53 - 41.94) 0.486
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 39.06b (35.07 - 43.21) 35.68 (31.35 - 40.26) 0.095
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 40.38 (35.55 - 45.41) 37.12 (31.87 - 42.70) 0.139
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 38.33a (34.45 - 42.38) 34.13 (29.99 - 38.53) 0.028
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 32.23a (29.61 - 34.96) 28.26 (25.49 - 31.21) 0.009
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 39.18 (34.50 - 44.07) 35.71 (31.24 - 40.45) 0.108
Regions 17 and 21 38.75a (34.23 - 43.46) 32.18 (27.39 - 37.37) 0.001
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 38.73a (34.67 - 42.95) 34.63 (30.78 - 38.69) 0.034
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 39.88b (35.84 - 44.06) 36.49 (32.18 - 41.03) 0.088
Regions 29 and 34 41.44a (36.57 - 46.48) 34.35 (29.60 - 39.44) 0.001
Regions 30 and 50 40.91a (36.54 - 45.43) 35.18 (30.53 - 40.14) 0.010
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 38.76 (35.34 - 42.31) 36.66 (33.03 - 40.46) 0.244
Rhode Island 30.68a (28.14 - 33.34) 27.79 (25.13 - 30.60) 0.032
Bristol and Newport 28.67a (23.87 - 33.99) 23.73 (18.93 - 29.31) 0.028
Kent 29.49 (24.95 - 34.47) 27.50 (22.83 - 32.72) 0.361
Providence 32.45 (29.26 - 35.82) 29.63 (26.26 - 33.23) 0.106
Washington 25.76 (21.64 - 30.36) 23.52 (19.03 - 28.68) 0.260
South Carolina 41.60 (39.00 - 44.25) 39.42 (36.70 - 42.22) 0.111
Region 1 44.26b (39.85 - 48.77) 40.39 (35.86 - 45.10) 0.074
Region 2 39.88 (36.08 - 43.82) 39.05 (34.91 - 43.37) 0.689
Region 3 45.26 (40.29 - 50.33) 41.57 (36.10 - 47.25) 0.123
Region 4 38.39 (34.26 - 42.70) 37.42 (32.90 - 42.16) 0.647
South Dakota 37.80 (35.33 - 40.34) 37.25 (34.61 - 39.97) 0.664
Region 1 36.86 (32.11 - 41.88) 39.32 (34.22 - 44.67) 0.272
Region 2 35.37 (31.49 - 39.45) 34.44 (30.17 - 38.97) 0.651
Region 3 37.79 (33.27 - 42.54) 35.05 (30.58 - 39.80) 0.186
Region 4 37.47 (32.29 - 42.96) 36.72 (30.69 - 43.21) 0.743
Region 5 41.80 (36.51 - 47.28) 44.92 (39.13 - 50.85) 0.209
Region 6 42.77 (37.32 - 48.40) 41.97 (35.44 - 48.79) 0.761
Region 7 38.02 (33.21 - 43.08) 35.43 (30.24 - 40.99) 0.256
Tennessee 42.81a (40.17 - 45.50) 39.00 (36.27 - 41.80) 0.005
Region 1 45.16 (39.73 - 50.70) 41.12 (35.15 - 47.36) 0.123
Region 2 41.24 (36.54 - 46.12) 38.37 (33.24 - 43.78) 0.217
Region 3 45.79a (40.92 - 50.75) 40.57 (35.35 - 46.01) 0.029
Region 4 (Davidson) 38.92 (33.24 - 44.91) 36.26 (30.90 - 41.99) 0.256
Region 5 39.64 (35.46 - 43.99) 38.48 (33.51 - 43.71) 0.604
Region 6 47.63a (42.19 - 53.13) 38.23 (32.55 - 44.24) 0.000
Region 7 (Shelby) 44.23b (38.93 - 49.66) 40.03 (34.55 - 45.76) 0.070
Texas 44.28a (42.93 - 45.64) 42.24 (40.88 - 43.60) 0.005
Region 1 43.41 (38.92 - 48.01) 43.22 (38.73 - 47.82) 0.923
Region 2 43.47 (38.46 - 48.62) 42.23 (36.73 - 47.94) 0.582
Region 3 41.92a (39.73 - 44.15) 38.55 (36.20 - 40.96) 0.006
Region 3a 42.47a (39.71 - 45.29) 38.93 (35.88 - 42.07) 0.024
Region 3bc 40.97b (37.48 - 44.55) 37.88 (34.45 - 41.43) 0.085
Region 4 44.29 (40.12 - 48.55) 42.26 (37.35 - 47.32) 0.337
Region 5 43.00a (38.30 - 47.82) 36.73 (31.95 - 41.78) 0.002
Region 6 45.30 (42.62 - 48.01) 44.52 (41.96 - 47.12) 0.575
Region 6a 45.57 (42.68 - 48.50) 44.90 (42.13 - 47.71) 0.654
Region 6bc 43.12 (38.10 - 48.30) 41.43 (36.06 - 47.02) 0.440
Region 7 37.66a (34.90 - 40.51) 34.11 (31.15 - 37.18) 0.009
Region 7a 35.18b (31.69 - 38.84) 32.19 (28.60 - 36.00) 0.081
Region 7bcd 41.64a (37.49 - 45.92) 37.28 (32.79 - 41.99) 0.021
Region 8 45.41 (41.85 - 49.01) 45.93 (42.33 - 49.58) 0.769
Region 9 46.96 (41.74 - 52.25) 45.80 (40.25 - 51.45) 0.591
Region 10 54.03a (48.95 - 59.04) 49.43 (44.08 - 54.79) 0.033
Region 11 53.66 (50.33 - 56.95) 52.90 (49.45 - 56.33) 0.620
Region 11abd 53.49 (49.31 - 57.63) 52.71 (48.38 - 56.99) 0.681
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 53.97 (49.04 - 58.82) 53.27 (48.02 - 58.44) 0.744
Utah 42.72a (40.25 - 45.22) 38.55 (36.20 - 40.96) 0.001
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 41.55a (36.83 - 46.43) 36.09 (31.09 - 41.41) 0.007
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 46.01a (40.81 - 51.28) 40.70 (35.60 - 46.01) 0.014
Davis County 42.73 (37.81 - 47.80) 39.89 (34.96 - 45.03) 0.183
Salt Lake County 39.30b (35.68 - 43.04) 36.16 (32.49 - 40.01) 0.095
Utah County 49.39a (44.80 - 54.00) 44.06 (39.81 - 48.41) 0.004
Weber, Morgan 41.08a (35.73 - 46.65) 36.00 (30.58 - 41.79) 0.017
Vermont 27.99a (25.68 - 30.43) 24.23 (21.83 - 26.80) 0.002
Champlain Valley 25.90b (22.87 - 29.18) 23.19 (19.92 - 26.81) 0.088
Rural Northeast 29.56a (25.41 - 34.06) 23.63 (19.65 - 28.15) 0.003
Rural Southeast 27.49a (23.36 - 32.05) 22.83 (18.79 - 27.46) 0.022
Rural Southwest 31.36 (26.88 - 36.22) 29.47 (24.68 - 34.75) 0.391
Virginia 36.44a (33.87 - 39.08) 33.42 (30.73 - 36.23) 0.019
Region 1 36.31 (32.02 - 40.82) 34.19 (29.55 - 39.15) 0.310
Region 2 36.13 (31.66 - 40.84) 35.10 (30.21 - 40.32) 0.636
Region 3 37.49 (32.88 - 42.33) 35.74 (30.97 - 40.80) 0.406
Region 4 35.68 (31.18 - 40.45) 33.10 (28.23 - 38.36) 0.247
Region 5 36.64a (32.28 - 41.23) 29.45 (25.07 - 34.25) 0.000
Washington 26.97 (24.70 - 29.38) 25.65 (23.30 - 28.15) 0.238
Region 1 31.30 (27.93 - 34.87) 30.26 (26.33 - 34.51) 0.508
East 1 (previously Region 1) 29.22 (24.98 - 33.85) 27.29 (22.71 - 32.42) 0.308
East 2 (previously Region 2) 34.16 (29.69 - 38.93) 34.31 (28.61 - 40.50) 0.945
Region 2 24.27 (21.48 - 27.29) 23.35 (20.35 - 26.64) 0.523
North 1 (previously Region 3) 26.21b (22.17 - 30.70) 23.10 (19.03 - 27.75) 0.094
North 2 (previously Region 4) 23.14 (19.82 - 26.85) 23.50 (19.82 - 27.62) 0.837
Region 3 27.88 (24.68 - 31.33) 25.78 (22.69 - 29.14) 0.154
West 1 (previously Region 5) 28.19 (23.95 - 32.85) 25.54 (21.40 - 30.16) 0.160
West 2 (previously Region 6) 27.60 (23.56 - 32.05) 26.01 (22.02 - 30.44) 0.410
West Virginia 44.28 (41.54 - 47.05) 42.00 (39.29 - 44.76) 0.112
Region I 44.96 (38.85 - 51.23) 41.55 (35.18 - 48.22) 0.219
Region II 43.03 (38.18 - 48.02) 39.47 (34.19 - 45.00) 0.117
Region III 45.65 (40.02 - 51.39) 43.05 (37.27 - 49.01) 0.292
Region IV 41.11 (36.64 - 45.74) 40.31 (35.37 - 45.46) 0.731
Region V 44.53 (40.10 - 49.06) 41.22 (36.87 - 45.72) 0.123
Region VI 47.33 (42.22 - 52.51) 46.68 (41.42 - 52.02) 0.801
Wisconsin 35.95a (33.42 - 38.55) 31.69 (29.18 - 34.30) 0.001
Milwaukee 37.35a (32.29 - 42.71) 32.02 (27.09 - 37.38) 0.017
Northeastern 34.08 (29.57 - 38.89) 32.16 (27.86 - 36.79) 0.354
Northern 40.17a (34.53 - 46.09) 35.28 (29.40 - 41.63) 0.047
Southeastern 37.10a (32.78 - 41.64) 32.08 (27.33 - 37.24) 0.021
Southern 33.21a (29.12 - 37.57) 28.76 (24.21 - 33.80) 0.029
Western 36.64a (31.79 - 41.78) 31.73 (27.24 - 36.57) 0.018
Wyoming 35.99 (33.48 - 38.58) 34.19 (31.46 - 37.03) 0.174
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 38.63b (33.84 - 43.65) 34.41 (29.43 - 39.77) 0.059
Judicial District 2 29.13 (24.68 - 34.03) 27.34 (22.41 - 32.90) 0.362
Judicial District 3 36.11b (31.59 - 40.90) 40.36 (35.10 - 45.84) 0.056
Judicial District 4 34.22 (28.62 - 40.31) 33.51 (27.51 - 40.10) 0.764
Judicial District 5 40.59 (35.20 - 46.22) 38.63 (33.25 - 44.30) 0.419
Judicial District 6 37.57b (32.81 - 42.58) 33.38 (28.49 - 38.65) 0.055
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 33.01 (28.46 - 37.89) 31.76 (26.87 - 37.08) 0.565
Judicial District 8 41.07 (34.91 - 47.52) 38.67 (32.11 - 45.66) 0.354
Judicial District 9 33.69a (28.92 - 38.82) 29.17 (24.08 - 34.84) 0.046
120709
Table 5 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 3.72a (3.58 - 3.86) 3.56 (3.42 - 3.70) 0.044
Northeast 3.51 (3.24 - 3.80) 3.61 (3.34 - 3.89) 0.519
Midwest 3.50a (3.31 - 3.70) 3.25 (3.06 - 3.46) 0.014
South 3.71a (3.52 - 3.92) 3.44 (3.25 - 3.65) 0.009
West 4.11 (3.82 - 4.44) 3.99 (3.69 - 4.31) 0.441
Alabama 3.93 (3.21 - 4.81) 3.44 (2.75 - 4.30) 0.130
Region 1 3.49 (2.54 - 4.77) 3.13 (2.17 - 4.50) 0.431
Region 2 4.33 (3.29 - 5.69) 3.86 (2.74 - 5.41) 0.374
Region 3 4.06 (2.97 - 5.54) 3.76 (2.52 - 5.58) 0.547
Region 4 3.80b (2.79 - 5.15) 2.96 (2.03 - 4.29) 0.054
Alaska 3.81 (3.06 - 4.74) 3.93 (3.08 - 5.00) 0.760
Anchorage 4.02 (3.04 - 5.29) 5.03 (3.59 - 7.01) 0.111
Northern 3.72b (2.74 - 5.04) 2.89 (1.97 - 4.22) 0.058
South Central 3.60 (2.61 - 4.95) 3.03 (2.02 - 4.54) 0.213
Southeast 3.68 (2.52 - 5.34) 3.86 (2.45 - 6.04) 0.739
Arizona 5.08b (4.14 - 6.22) 4.25 (3.33 - 5.41) 0.090
Maricopa 5.44a (4.29 - 6.88) 3.90 (2.85 - 5.31) 0.013
Pima 4.77 (3.47 - 6.53) 4.67 (2.97 - 7.28) 0.900
Rural North 4.67 (3.31 - 6.56) 6.24 (3.89 - 9.85) 0.110
Rural South 4.14 (2.89 - 5.91) 3.59 (2.25 - 5.70) 0.372
Arkansas 4.42 (3.64 - 5.34) 4.02 (3.23 - 4.99) 0.274
Catchment Area 1 4.64 (3.41 - 6.28) 4.11 (2.72 - 6.17) 0.408
Catchment Area 2 4.84 (3.47 - 6.70) 4.10 (2.58 - 6.44) 0.288
Catchment Area 3 4.90 (3.61 - 6.60) 4.34 (2.85 - 6.55) 0.379
Catchment Area 4 4.53 (3.25 - 6.29) 3.72 (2.32 - 5.91) 0.211
Catchment Area 5 4.46 (3.33 - 5.94) 3.58 (2.46 - 5.17) 0.104
Catchment Area 6 4.02 (2.79 - 5.76) 3.84 (2.36 - 6.21) 0.784
Catchment Area 7 3.86 (2.71 - 5.47) 3.48 (2.12 - 5.65) 0.511
Catchment Area 8 3.95 (2.88 - 5.39) 4.45 (2.97 - 6.61) 0.422
California 4.08 (3.64 - 4.58) 3.89 (3.44 - 4.40) 0.401
Region 1R 4.58 (3.45 - 6.05) 5.31 (3.54 - 7.88) 0.276
Region 2R 4.31 (3.25 - 5.71) 4.48 (3.00 - 6.63) 0.778
Region 3R (Sacramento) 4.53 (3.41 - 5.99) 3.68 (2.44 - 5.52) 0.135
Region 4R 4.16 (3.07 - 5.62) 3.60 (2.38 - 5.42) 0.295
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.88a (2.74 - 5.47) 5.45 (3.36 - 8.73) 0.044
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.58b (2.67 - 4.80) 2.74 (1.83 - 4.10) 0.058
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.87 (2.83 - 5.28) 3.47 (2.27 - 5.29) 0.441
Region 8R (Alameda) 4.13 (3.05 - 5.57) 3.49 (2.31 - 5.26) 0.217
Region 9R (San Mateo) 3.59 (2.56 - 5.01) 2.90 (1.87 - 4.48) 0.133
Region 10 5.05 (3.78 - 6.71) 5.31 (3.50 - 7.99) 0.709
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.89 (3.34 - 4.53) 3.78 (3.16 - 4.53) 0.711
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.94 (2.85 - 5.42) 3.84 (2.51 - 5.81) 0.834
LA SPA 2 4.11 (3.08 - 5.46) 3.96 (2.71 - 5.75) 0.771
LA SPA 3 3.02 (2.19 - 4.14) 3.39 (2.31 - 4.96) 0.390
LA SPA 4 3.92 (2.87 - 5.34) 3.88 (2.55 - 5.86) 0.941
LA SPA 6 3.92 (2.87 - 5.31) 3.79 (2.62 - 5.46) 0.789
LA SPA 7 3.96 (3.01 - 5.19) 3.52 (2.40 - 5.14) 0.379
LA SPA 8 4.47 (3.31 - 6.02) 4.10 (2.69 - 6.21) 0.542
Region 12R 4.21 (3.11 - 5.69) 3.75 (2.52 - 5.55) 0.342
Regions 13 and 19R 4.50 (3.46 - 5.84) 3.84 (2.72 - 5.40) 0.170
Region 13 (Riverside) 4.54 (3.44 - 5.98) 3.86 (2.67 - 5.55) 0.181
Region 19R (Imperial) 3.96 (2.86 - 5.46) 3.58 (2.39 - 5.31) 0.445
Region 14 (Orange) 3.58 (2.73 - 4.69) 3.23 (2.31 - 4.51) 0.417
Region 15R (Fresno) 4.17 (3.09 - 5.61) 3.70 (2.55 - 5.33) 0.322
Region 16R (San Diego) 4.59 (3.55 - 5.92) 4.93 (3.68 - 6.58) 0.509
Region 17R 4.26 (3.23 - 5.59) 4.02 (2.83 - 5.70) 0.637
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.73 (2.86 - 4.84) 3.76 (2.70 - 5.22) 0.935
Region 20R 4.08 (3.06 - 5.41) 3.51 (2.36 - 5.18) 0.226
Region 21R 4.35 (3.28 - 5.74) 3.89 (2.59 - 5.79) 0.400
Colorado 4.12 (3.36 - 5.05) 4.00 (3.21 - 4.99) 0.761
Region 1 4.28 (3.09 - 5.90) 4.89 (3.28 - 7.22) 0.311
Regions 2 and 7 4.19 (3.27 - 5.35) 4.13 (3.11 - 5.47) 0.913
Region 3 3.82 (2.75 - 5.28) 3.31 (2.25 - 4.86) 0.305
Region 4 3.70 (2.56 - 5.32) 3.54 (2.19 - 5.65) 0.769
Regions 5 and 6 4.22 (2.98 - 5.94) 3.46 (2.17 - 5.47) 0.198
Connecticut 3.30 (2.63 - 4.11) 3.64 (2.87 - 4.60) 0.251
Eastern 3.64 (2.60 - 5.08) 3.46 (2.23 - 5.34) 0.700
North Central 3.34 (2.45 - 4.53) 3.19 (2.17 - 4.68) 0.751
Northwestern 3.25a (2.32 - 4.53) 4.45 (2.95 - 6.65) 0.021
South Central 3.07b (2.23 - 4.23) 3.84 (2.61 - 5.62) 0.091
Southwest 3.33 (2.33 - 4.74) 3.42 (2.18 - 5.34) 0.843
Delaware 3.97 (3.15 - 4.99) 3.83 (3.00 - 4.88) 0.724
Kent 3.93 (2.82 - 5.46) 3.81 (2.55 - 5.67) 0.818
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.94 (2.99 - 5.17) 3.95 (2.88 - 5.38) 0.986
Sussex 3.75 (2.63 - 5.33) 3.24 (2.13 - 4.90) 0.318
Wilmington City 4.72 (3.16 - 7.01) 4.71 (2.90 - 7.57) 0.982
District of Columbia 4.62 (3.71 - 5.75) 4.70 (3.67 - 6.00) 0.859
Ward 1 5.01 (3.43 - 7.25) 4.36 (2.75 - 6.85) 0.409
Ward 2 5.63 (4.13 - 7.61) 5.72 (3.72 - 8.69) 0.914
Ward 3 4.42 (3.15 - 6.18) 4.60 (2.88 - 7.28) 0.788
Ward 4 3.90 (2.62 - 5.76) 3.28 (1.93 - 5.53) 0.326
Ward 5 5.03 (3.43 - 7.33) 5.98 (3.60 - 9.75) 0.323
Ward 6 4.19 (2.87 - 6.09) 4.03 (2.46 - 6.52) 0.800
Ward 7 4.24 (2.93 - 6.12) 4.50 (2.84 - 7.06) 0.734
Ward 8 4.40 (3.14 - 6.12) 5.07 (3.09 - 8.23) 0.386
Florida 3.62 (3.20 - 4.09) 3.50 (3.05 - 4.01) 0.603
Region A - Northwest 4.07 (3.30 - 5.01) 3.90 (2.97 - 5.11) 0.661
Circuit 1 3.90 (2.87 - 5.27) 3.77 (2.56 - 5.51) 0.809
Circuit 2 4.51 (3.34 - 6.06) 3.98 (2.63 - 5.97) 0.329
Circuit 14 3.91 (2.83 - 5.39) 4.11 (2.57 - 6.51) 0.739
Region B - Northeast 4.22 (3.52 - 5.06) 3.80 (2.94 - 4.90) 0.255
Circuits 3 and 8 4.78 (3.66 - 6.23) 4.13 (2.81 - 6.04) 0.244
Circuit 4 4.50 (3.44 - 5.85) 4.34 (2.96 - 6.31) 0.784
Circuit 7 3.52 (2.60 - 4.75) 2.91 (1.87 - 4.50) 0.219
Region C - Central 3.70 (3.15 - 4.34) 3.34 (2.70 - 4.13) 0.216
Circuit 5 3.64 (2.72 - 4.85) 3.61 (2.38 - 5.43) 0.957
Circuit 9 3.85a (2.94 - 5.02) 2.93 (1.99 - 4.30) 0.048
Circuit 10 3.57 (2.65 - 4.78) 3.04 (1.99 - 4.61) 0.266
Circuit 18 3.47 (2.61 - 4.59) 3.61 (2.42 - 5.36) 0.768
Circuit 19 4.06 (2.97 - 5.53) 3.69 (2.29 - 5.89) 0.555
Region D - Southeast 3.25a (2.63 - 4.03) 2.37 (1.75 - 3.22) 0.008
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.57a (2.67 - 4.74) 2.44 (1.58 - 3.73) 0.012
Circuit 17 (Broward) 3.02b (2.27 - 4.01) 2.33 (1.59 - 3.40) 0.081
Region E - Sun Coast 3.56b (2.99 - 4.23) 4.17 (3.34 - 5.20) 0.085
Circuit 6 3.25 (2.46 - 4.28) 3.97 (2.72 - 5.76) 0.177
Circuit 12 3.56a (2.58 - 4.90) 5.54 (3.46 - 8.74) 0.006
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 3.59 (2.70 - 4.75) 3.23 (2.27 - 4.59) 0.405
Circuit 20 3.91 (2.90 - 5.24) 4.46 (2.96 - 6.67) 0.391
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.16 (2.43 - 4.11) 3.45 (2.49 - 4.76) 0.495
Georgia 3.28 (2.62 - 4.11) 3.21 (2.54 - 4.06) 0.799
Region 1 3.26 (2.37 - 4.46) 3.34 (2.28 - 4.87) 0.839
Region 2 3.46 (2.47 - 4.82) 2.99 (1.96 - 4.56) 0.283
Region 3 3.10 (2.25 - 4.25) 3.22 (2.13 - 4.84) 0.796
Region 4 3.38 (2.33 - 4.87) 3.40 (2.08 - 5.50) 0.964
Region 5 3.44 (2.43 - 4.85) 3.21 (2.15 - 4.75) 0.575
Region 6 3.42 (2.40 - 4.84) 3.07 (2.01 - 4.66) 0.404
Hawaii 3.56b (2.76 - 4.60) 4.38 (3.40 - 5.62) 0.061
Hawaii Island 3.76 (2.63 - 5.37) 4.24 (2.69 - 6.63) 0.392
Honolulu 3.53b (2.64 - 4.71) 4.37 (3.24 - 5.87) 0.097
Kauai and Maui 3.55b (2.53 - 4.97) 4.52 (3.03 - 6.72) 0.063
Kauai 3.66a (2.39 - 5.55) 5.56 (3.11 - 9.75) 0.018
Maui 3.51 (2.38 - 5.14) 4.06 (2.52 - 6.48) 0.333
Idaho 3.25b (2.64 - 3.98) 3.77 (3.03 - 4.69) 0.092
Region 1 3.17b (2.26 - 4.42) 4.25 (2.70 - 6.62) 0.052
Region 2 3.14b (2.17 - 4.53) 4.13 (2.62 - 6.44) 0.056
Region 3 2.95 (2.13 - 4.08) 3.56 (2.37 - 5.31) 0.204
Region 4 3.75 (2.78 - 5.03) 3.70 (2.60 - 5.25) 0.926
Region 5 2.90 (2.04 - 4.11) 3.44 (2.21 - 5.30) 0.251
Region 6 3.27 (2.34 - 4.56) 4.02 (2.63 - 6.11) 0.131
Region 7 2.95 (2.16 - 4.03) 3.55 (2.43 - 5.15) 0.156
Illinois 3.24 (2.83 - 3.71) 3.26 (2.84 - 3.73) 0.944
Region I (Cook) 3.37 (2.74 - 4.14) 3.78 (3.03 - 4.72) 0.230
Region II 2.95 (2.42 - 3.60) 2.73 (2.20 - 3.40) 0.414
Region III 3.35 (2.63 - 4.25) 2.90 (2.23 - 3.77) 0.162
Region IV 2.97 (2.21 - 3.98) 2.80 (1.98 - 3.96) 0.630
Region V 3.73 (2.89 - 4.82) 3.58 (2.65 - 4.81) 0.708
Indiana 4.05b (3.32 - 4.93) 3.53 (2.83 - 4.40) 0.088
Central 3.92b (2.92 - 5.24) 3.15 (2.13 - 4.64) 0.100
East 3.97 (2.80 - 5.59) 3.45 (2.24 - 5.29) 0.320
North Central 3.93 (2.86 - 5.38) 3.63 (2.38 - 5.49) 0.552
Northeast 3.86 (2.77 - 5.36) 3.28 (2.15 - 4.99) 0.219
Northwest 4.04a (2.89 - 5.62) 3.03 (1.95 - 4.67) 0.041
Southeast 4.59 (3.30 - 6.36) 4.66 (2.95 - 7.28) 0.919
Southwest 3.59 (2.53 - 5.08) 3.07 (1.95 - 4.78) 0.276
West 4.56 (3.41 - 6.08) 4.39 (2.98 - 6.40) 0.739
Iowa 2.29 (1.80 - 2.91) 2.04 (1.57 - 2.64) 0.264
Central 2.33 (1.63 - 3.32) 2.11 (1.38 - 3.21) 0.507
North Central 2.18 (1.55 - 3.07) 2.11 (1.36 - 3.27) 0.832
Northeast 2.36 (1.69 - 3.27) 2.17 (1.47 - 3.19) 0.557
Northwest 2.18 (1.55 - 3.06) 1.86 (1.20 - 2.88) 0.316
Southeast 2.36b (1.65 - 3.36) 1.86 (1.26 - 2.75) 0.094
Southwest 2.21 (1.52 - 3.21) 2.13 (1.35 - 3.34) 0.797
Kansas 3.41 (2.73 - 4.25) 3.24 (2.57 - 4.08) 0.544
Kansas City Metro 3.62 (2.71 - 4.81) 3.62 (2.59 - 5.03) 0.992
Northeast 3.11 (2.26 - 4.28) 2.81 (1.87 - 4.21) 0.458
South Central 3.17 (2.23 - 4.49) 3.49 (2.15 - 5.63) 0.511
Southeast 3.26 (2.24 - 4.72) 3.19 (1.99 - 5.07) 0.879
West 3.65 (2.50 - 5.31) 2.96 (1.91 - 4.56) 0.109
Wichita (Sedgwick) 3.43 (2.44 - 4.80) 2.98 (1.97 - 4.50) 0.323
Kentucky 4.08 (3.35 - 4.96) 3.67 (2.94 - 4.58) 0.193
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 3.70 (2.62 - 5.20) 3.26 (2.19 - 4.84) 0.334
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 4.31 (3.29 - 5.63) 4.41 (3.09 - 6.26) 0.857
Communicare and River Valley 4.19b (3.01 - 5.82) 3.33 (2.11 - 5.22) 0.097
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 3.66 (2.58 - 5.17) 3.38 (2.19 - 5.19) 0.566
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 3.69 (2.66 - 5.09) 3.41 (2.23 - 5.17) 0.544
Seven Counties 4.42b (3.25 - 5.99) 3.44 (2.28 - 5.17) 0.063
Louisiana 4.15 (3.38 - 5.09) 3.69 (2.96 - 4.59) 0.174
Regions 1 and 3 4.16 (2.92 - 5.91) 3.30 (2.16 - 5.02) 0.134
Regions 2 and 9 4.45 (3.39 - 5.83) 3.86 (2.75 - 5.38) 0.254
Regions 4, 5, and 6 3.95 (2.93 - 5.30) 3.81 (2.66 - 5.43) 0.789
Regions 7 and 8 3.99 (2.90 - 5.47) 3.71 (2.58 - 5.31) 0.588
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.19 (2.92 - 5.97) 3.54 (2.20 - 5.64) 0.276
Maine 2.95 (2.36 - 3.69) 3.21 (2.58 - 3.99) 0.358
Aroostook/Downeast 2.83 (1.99 - 4.01) 3.25 (2.15 - 4.86) 0.325
Central 2.83 (2.00 - 3.99) 3.14 (2.06 - 4.76) 0.452
Cumberland 3.00 (2.17 - 4.15) 3.38 (2.32 - 4.90) 0.360
Midcoast 2.71 (1.92 - 3.83) 2.96 (1.88 - 4.61) 0.572
Penquis 3.20 (2.31 - 4.41) 3.40 (2.28 - 5.05) 0.641
Western 2.81 (1.97 - 3.99) 3.25 (2.23 - 4.73) 0.276
York 3.23 (2.29 - 4.52) 3.00 (1.96 - 4.56) 0.627
Maryland 3.19 (2.54 - 4.00) 3.05 (2.35 - 3.95) 0.620
Anne Arundel 3.29 (2.31 - 4.65) 2.82 (1.77 - 4.46) 0.305
Baltimore City 3.55 (2.51 - 5.02) 3.05 (1.88 - 4.92) 0.334
Baltimore County 3.26 (2.26 - 4.69) 3.46 (2.07 - 5.74) 0.719
Montgomery 2.91 (2.03 - 4.15) 2.65 (1.65 - 4.23) 0.569
North Central 3.04 (2.09 - 4.40) 3.12 (1.90 - 5.06) 0.869
Northeast 3.82 (2.66 - 5.46) 3.30 (2.07 - 5.23) 0.364
Prince George's 2.82 (1.94 - 4.06) 2.70 (1.68 - 4.30) 0.779
South 3.09 (2.15 - 4.43) 3.35 (2.10 - 5.30) 0.593
West 3.27 (2.30 - 4.62) 3.28 (2.02 - 5.28) 0.979
Massachusetts 4.10 (3.29 - 5.10) 4.13 (3.33 - 5.10) 0.946
Boston 4.48b (3.21 - 6.23) 3.54 (2.27 - 5.47) 0.083
Central 4.11 (2.89 - 5.81) 4.23 (2.78 - 6.39) 0.817
Metrowest 3.40 (2.47 - 4.66) 4.03 (2.82 - 5.73) 0.181
Northeast 4.15 (2.97 - 5.78) 4.13 (2.78 - 6.08) 0.961
Southeast 4.43 (3.17 - 6.16) 3.68 (2.49 - 5.41) 0.173
Western 4.42 (3.14 - 6.20) 5.40 (3.67 - 7.88) 0.116
Michigan 3.73 (3.33 - 4.18) 3.80 (3.38 - 4.27) 0.761
Detroit City 3.45 (2.60 - 4.56) 2.81 (1.96 - 4.03) 0.163
Genesee 4.06 (3.06 - 5.37) 4.59 (3.09 - 6.76) 0.395
Kalamazoo 3.70 (2.83 - 4.84) 3.41 (2.43 - 4.77) 0.502
Kent 3.71 (2.78 - 4.94) 3.65 (2.61 - 5.07) 0.883
Lakeshore 3.93 (3.03 - 5.09) 4.32 (3.17 - 5.88) 0.409
Macomb 3.82 (2.97 - 4.88) 3.71 (2.66 - 5.16) 0.829
Mid South 4.28 (3.44 - 5.31) 4.74 (3.54 - 6.31) 0.375
Northern 3.31b (2.52 - 4.34) 4.25 (3.04 - 5.90) 0.057
Oakland 3.58 (2.81 - 4.56) 3.87 (2.82 - 5.30) 0.555
Pathways and Western 3.61 (2.70 - 4.81) 3.18 (2.17 - 4.65) 0.331
Riverhaven 3.45 (2.60 - 4.58) 4.16 (2.83 - 6.07) 0.182
Saginaw 3.80 (2.79 - 5.14) 3.70 (2.48 - 5.50) 0.847
Southeast 3.72 (3.01 - 4.59) 3.40 (2.55 - 4.53) 0.416
St. Clair 3.57 (2.62 - 4.84) 3.41 (2.34 - 4.97) 0.733
Washtenaw 3.99 (3.05 - 5.19) 3.54 (2.49 - 5.01) 0.303
Minnesota 3.29 (2.66 - 4.08) 2.88 (2.26 - 3.66) 0.125
Regions 1 and 2 3.83 (2.74 - 5.34) 3.86 (2.47 - 6.00) 0.949
Regions 3 and 4 2.94 (2.11 - 4.09) 2.82 (1.90 - 4.17) 0.759
Regions 5 and 6 3.02 (2.17 - 4.20) 2.47 (1.66 - 3.65) 0.130
Region 7A (Hennepin) 3.54b (2.54 - 4.90) 2.71 (1.76 - 4.14) 0.070
Region 7B (Ramsey) 3.29 (2.30 - 4.71) 2.83 (1.81 - 4.37) 0.254
Region 7C 3.32 (2.44 - 4.49) 3.02 (2.02 - 4.48) 0.489
Mississippi 3.51 (2.82 - 4.37) 3.13 (2.49 - 3.93) 0.172
Region 1 3.77 (2.77 - 5.12) 3.48 (2.39 - 5.04) 0.510
Region 2 3.94b (2.76 - 5.60) 2.97 (1.86 - 4.72) 0.056
Region 3 3.06 (2.14 - 4.36) 2.92 (1.91 - 4.44) 0.741
Region 4 3.14 (2.23 - 4.40) 3.14 (2.13 - 4.62) 0.999
Region 5 3.30 (2.28 - 4.76) 2.81 (1.74 - 4.49) 0.267
Region 6 3.57 (2.50 - 5.07) 3.21 (2.09 - 4.90) 0.447
Region 7 3.68 (2.65 - 5.10) 3.02 (1.99 - 4.57) 0.155
Missouri 3.97a (3.26 - 4.82) 2.89 (2.30 - 3.62) 0.000
Central 3.73a (2.73 - 5.06) 2.80 (1.86 - 4.19) 0.028
Eastern 4.17a (3.20 - 5.40) 2.94 (2.15 - 4.00) 0.001
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 3.73a (2.71 - 5.12) 2.53 (1.70 - 3.76) 0.005
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 4.96a (3.54 - 6.90) 3.65 (2.39 - 5.53) 0.019
Northwest 3.87a (2.95 - 5.07) 2.93 (2.08 - 4.11) 0.009
Northwest (Jackson) 3.77a (2.66 - 5.30) 2.78 (1.76 - 4.35) 0.035
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 3.97a (2.86 - 5.48) 3.06 (2.00 - 4.66) 0.047
Southeast 4.01a (2.94 - 5.45) 2.68 (1.74 - 4.10) 0.003
Southwest 3.83a (2.81 - 5.21) 2.94 (1.95 - 4.41) 0.050
Montana 3.82b (3.16 - 4.62) 3.30 (2.62 - 4.14) 0.092
Region 1 3.45 (2.43 - 4.87) 3.08 (1.91 - 4.93) 0.440
Region 2 3.49b (2.48 - 4.87) 2.76 (1.83 - 4.14) 0.087
Region 3 3.45 (2.53 - 4.67) 2.79 (1.85 - 4.19) 0.140
Region 4 3.52 (2.66 - 4.63) 3.74 (2.64 - 5.27) 0.628
Region 5 4.58a (3.51 - 5.96) 3.56 (2.50 - 5.05) 0.042
Nebraska 3.23 (2.58 - 4.04) 2.83 (2.22 - 3.60) 0.149
Regions 1 and 2 3.00 (2.19 - 4.10) 2.64 (1.81 - 3.83) 0.262
Region 1 2.93 (2.00 - 4.27) 2.66 (1.66 - 4.24) 0.501
Region 2 3.06 (2.10 - 4.45) 2.62 (1.63 - 4.19) 0.275
Region 3 3.05 (2.15 - 4.32) 2.98 (1.90 - 4.65) 0.863
Region 4 3.09 (2.17 - 4.38) 2.97 (1.84 - 4.76) 0.793
Region 5 3.23 (2.39 - 4.36) 2.99 (2.07 - 4.29) 0.540
Region 6 3.38b (2.51 - 4.53) 2.70 (1.91 - 3.80) 0.083
Nevada 4.32 (3.47 - 5.36) 4.93 (3.92 - 6.18) 0.203
Clark 4.34 (3.38 - 5.57) 5.01 (3.83 - 6.54) 0.234
Rural 4.32 (3.07 - 6.04) 4.25 (2.72 - 6.57) 0.908
Washoe 4.21 (3.03 - 5.82) 5.11 (3.46 - 7.47) 0.171
New Hampshire 3.41a (2.76 - 4.21) 4.34 (3.53 - 5.31) 0.007
Central 3.70a (2.85 - 4.79) 4.52 (3.36 - 6.05) 0.050
Central 1 3.78a (2.71 - 5.24) 5.18 (3.49 - 7.63) 0.019
Central 2 3.62 (2.65 - 4.93) 3.90 (2.66 - 5.68) 0.564
Northern 3.36b (2.39 - 4.69) 4.24 (2.79 - 6.40) 0.070
Southern 3.29a (2.58 - 4.18) 4.27 (3.30 - 5.50) 0.016
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 3.03 (2.21 - 4.14) 3.56 (2.42 - 5.21) 0.228
Southern 2 3.44a (2.59 - 4.56) 4.71 (3.44 - 6.40) 0.017
New Jersey 2.94 (2.32 - 3.71) 3.00 (2.31 - 3.88) 0.847
Central 2.95 (2.09 - 4.15) 3.05 (2.01 - 4.59) 0.831
Metropolitan 2.87 (2.03 - 4.05) 2.89 (1.91 - 4.34) 0.967
Northern 2.68 (1.93 - 3.71) 2.93 (1.97 - 4.34) 0.539
Southern 3.38 (2.42 - 4.71) 3.16 (2.12 - 4.68) 0.645
New Mexico 3.67 (2.97 - 4.53) 3.96 (3.17 - 4.92) 0.415
Region 1 3.27 (2.40 - 4.43) 3.57 (2.44 - 5.18) 0.515
Region 2 3.33 (2.35 - 4.70) 3.63 (2.30 - 5.67) 0.570
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 3.85 (2.90 - 5.10) 4.45 (3.18 - 6.21) 0.282
Region 4 3.89 (2.81 - 5.35) 3.64 (2.42 - 5.43) 0.612
Region 5 3.95 (2.87 - 5.40) 4.01 (2.71 - 5.90) 0.912
New York 3.75 (3.25 - 4.31) 3.89 (3.42 - 4.42) 0.588
Region A 3.76 (3.12 - 4.54) 3.75 (3.06 - 4.59) 0.969
Region 1 3.53 (2.54 - 4.88) 3.57 (2.41 - 5.25) 0.927
Region 2 3.87b (3.00 - 4.99) 3.12 (2.30 - 4.22) 0.074
Region 3 4.53a (3.26 - 6.28) 6.27 (4.25 - 9.14) 0.032
Region 4 3.18 (2.34 - 4.31) 2.80 (1.93 - 4.03) 0.346
Region B 3.41b (2.80 - 4.14) 3.94 (3.19 - 4.86) 0.095
Region 5 3.38b (2.60 - 4.38) 4.06 (3.05 - 5.40) 0.098
Region 6 3.33 (2.46 - 4.48) 3.65 (2.46 - 5.38) 0.509
Region 7 3.64 (2.67 - 4.96) 4.01 (2.82 - 5.68) 0.436
Region C 3.99 (3.38 - 4.71) 4.03 (3.39 - 4.80) 0.889
Region 8 4.09 (3.10 - 5.37) 3.72 (2.66 - 5.18) 0.428
Region 9 4.03 (3.02 - 5.37) 3.84 (2.66 - 5.50) 0.706
Region 10 4.04 (3.01 - 5.42) 4.78 (3.33 - 6.82) 0.160
Region 11 3.67 (2.77 - 4.85) 4.45 (3.18 - 6.20) 0.108
Region 12 4.15 (3.17 - 5.41) 3.81 (2.69 - 5.36) 0.486
Region D 4.01 (3.23 - 4.97) 3.99 (3.13 - 5.08) 0.963
Region 13 3.93 (2.84 - 5.41) 4.03 (2.68 - 6.01) 0.852
Region 14 3.74 (2.70 - 5.14) 3.72 (2.57 - 5.34) 0.968
Region 15 4.35 (3.20 - 5.89) 4.24 (2.90 - 6.15) 0.830
North Carolina 3.59 (2.91 - 4.41) 3.60 (2.88 - 4.49) 0.964
CenterPoint/Guilford 3.92 (2.91 - 5.26) 3.41 (2.32 - 4.98) 0.249
CenterPoint 3.91 (2.73 - 5.58) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 3.93 (2.68 - 5.72) 3.49 (2.16 - 5.59) 0.414
Durham 3.40 (2.47 - 4.65) 3.35 (2.25 - 4.96) 0.925
East Carolina 3.79 (2.64 - 5.41) 3.80 (2.42 - 5.91) 0.987
Eastpointe 3.35 (2.32 - 4.80) 3.00 (1.87 - 4.78) 0.460
ECCS 4.28 (3.03 - 6.00) 4.20 (2.67 - 6.54) 0.895
Mecklenburg 3.38 (2.40 - 4.74) 2.87 (1.83 - 4.48) 0.297
Pathways 3.55b (2.49 - 5.05) 4.61 (2.94 - 7.16) 0.089
PBH 3.56 (2.54 - 4.95) 4.08 (2.60 - 6.34) 0.352
Sandhills 3.45 (2.41 - 4.92) 3.39 (2.04 - 5.60) 0.914
Smoky Mountain 3.63 (2.55 - 5.16) 3.45 (2.17 - 5.44) 0.718
Western Highlands 3.41 (2.35 - 4.92) 3.27 (2.05 - 5.18) 0.786
North Dakota 2.29 (1.79 - 2.92) 2.04 (1.57 - 2.63) 0.264
Badlands and West Central 2.17 (1.56 - 3.00) 1.88 (1.29 - 2.74) 0.294
Lake Region and South Central 2.08 (1.41 - 3.05) 1.91 (1.22 - 2.98) 0.584
North Central and Northwest 2.38b (1.66 - 3.39) 1.83 (1.22 - 2.74) 0.061
Northeast 2.64 (1.87 - 3.71) 2.38 (1.59 - 3.55) 0.482
Southeast 2.28 (1.64 - 3.17) 2.20 (1.54 - 3.15) 0.803
Ohio 3.42 (3.04 - 3.85) 3.38 (2.98 - 3.83) 0.834
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 3.81a (2.89 - 5.00) 2.80 (1.95 - 3.99) 0.012
Boards 3, 52, and 85 3.16 (2.31 - 4.33) 3.10 (2.05 - 4.68) 0.882
Boards 4 and 78 3.25 (2.39 - 4.41) 2.75 (1.81 - 4.14) 0.209
Boards 5 and 60 3.71 (2.83 - 4.85) 4.07 (2.84 - 5.80) 0.442
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 2.99 (2.21 - 4.04) 2.69 (1.77 - 4.05) 0.465
Boards 8, 13, and 83 3.22 (2.41 - 4.27) 2.76 (1.85 - 4.09) 0.242
Board 9 (Butler) 3.58a (2.70 - 4.74) 4.83 (3.18 - 7.28) 0.028
Board 12 3.70b (2.76 - 4.94) 2.99 (2.03 - 4.37) 0.076
Boards 18 and 47 2.92b (2.31 - 3.70) 3.57 (2.68 - 4.74) 0.074
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 3.42 (2.52 - 4.63) 3.11 (2.09 - 4.62) 0.454
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 3.51 (2.65 - 4.65) 3.05 (2.07 - 4.47) 0.276
Boards 22, 74, and 87 3.90 (2.87 - 5.27) 3.53 (2.37 - 5.21) 0.413
Boards 23 and 45 3.26 (2.44 - 4.34) 2.90 (1.97 - 4.26) 0.350
Board 25 (Franklin) 4.02 (3.10 - 5.20) 4.56 (3.37 - 6.16) 0.245
Boards 27, 71, and 73 3.49 (2.62 - 4.64) 3.69 (2.42 - 5.59) 0.701
Boards 28, 43, and 67 3.33 (2.52 - 4.38) 2.82 (2.00 - 3.98) 0.188
Board 31 (Hamilton) 3.60b (2.74 - 4.71) 2.82 (1.93 - 4.11) 0.057
Board 48 (Lucas) 3.10 (2.31 - 4.16) 3.38 (2.25 - 5.03) 0.544
Boards 50 and 76 3.34 (2.51 - 4.44) 3.67 (2.53 - 5.29) 0.460
Board 57 (Montgomery) 3.82 (2.81 - 5.17) 3.47 (2.34 - 5.14) 0.471
Board 77 (Summit) 3.10 (2.33 - 4.11) 2.97 (2.04 - 4.32) 0.742
Oklahoma 4.62 (3.77 - 5.65) 4.80 (3.88 - 5.93) 0.660
Central 4.79 (3.46 - 6.61) 5.30 (3.56 - 7.83) 0.459
East Central 4.78 (3.40 - 6.67) 4.47 (2.89 - 6.85) 0.648
Northeast 4.23 (3.05 - 5.84) 3.86 (2.56 - 5.79) 0.522
Northwest and Southwest 4.86b (3.50 - 6.70) 6.26 (4.15 - 9.35) 0.082
Oklahoma County 4.44 (3.24 - 6.05) 4.24 (2.80 - 6.37) 0.753
Southeast 4.39 (3.12 - 6.13) 5.14 (3.40 - 7.71) 0.314
Tulsa County 4.88 (3.58 - 6.63) 4.51 (3.06 - 6.60) 0.574
Oregon 4.62 (3.77 - 5.64) 4.93 (4.00 - 6.08) 0.467
Region 1 (Multnomah) 5.08 (3.70 - 6.94) 6.06 (4.08 - 8.92) 0.238
Region 2 4.04 (2.92 - 5.56) 4.62 (3.12 - 6.80) 0.324
Region 3 4.74 (3.64 - 6.14) 4.80 (3.54 - 6.47) 0.912
Region 4 4.84 (3.47 - 6.71) 4.59 (2.95 - 7.08) 0.730
Region 5 (Central) 4.57 (3.13 - 6.63) 4.66 (2.84 - 7.57) 0.912
Region 6 (Eastern) 4.27 (2.93 - 6.18) 4.45 (2.78 - 7.03) 0.780
Pennsylvania 3.16 (2.76 - 3.61) 3.09 (2.68 - 3.56) 0.723
Region 1 (Allegheny) 3.25b (2.50 - 4.22) 4.10 (2.91 - 5.73) 0.091
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 2.89 (2.17 - 3.83) 2.75 (1.89 - 3.99) 0.704
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.06 (2.29 - 4.07) 2.94 (2.03 - 4.23) 0.755
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 2.95 (2.17 - 4.02) 2.99 (1.96 - 4.54) 0.922
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 3.36 (2.56 - 4.39) 3.28 (2.35 - 4.57) 0.844
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.24 (2.58 - 4.06) 3.23 (2.44 - 4.27) 0.989
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 3.08 (2.29 - 4.12) 2.57 (1.77 - 3.72) 0.176
Regions 17 and 21 3.08 (2.29 - 4.14) 2.87 (1.92 - 4.25) 0.586
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.87 (2.14 - 3.83) 2.48 (1.69 - 3.63) 0.280
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.90 (2.16 - 3.89) 2.82 (1.94 - 4.07) 0.816
Regions 29 and 34 2.61 (1.89 - 3.60) 2.76 (1.85 - 4.11) 0.687
Regions 30 and 50 2.74 (2.02 - 3.71) 2.47 (1.69 - 3.60) 0.459
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.07 (3.10 - 5.32) 3.63 (2.58 - 5.09) 0.407
Rhode Island 5.81 (4.78 - 7.03) 5.37 (4.30 - 6.70) 0.412
Bristol and Newport 5.15a (3.62 - 7.27) 3.85 (2.49 - 5.92) 0.034
Kent 5.18 (3.73 - 7.16) 4.52 (2.92 - 6.94) 0.328
Providence 6.28 (5.00 - 7.85) 6.20 (4.73 - 8.10) 0.921
Washington 5.05b (3.64 - 6.97) 4.09 (2.72 - 6.09) 0.098
South Carolina 3.14a (2.50 - 3.93) 3.95 (3.04 - 5.12) 0.046
Region 1 3.06 (2.19 - 4.25) 2.92 (1.90 - 4.46) 0.756
Region 2 3.39b (2.54 - 4.51) 4.44 (3.04 - 6.44) 0.074
Region 3 2.87 (2.00 - 4.10) 3.29 (2.02 - 5.30) 0.420
Region 4 3.11a (2.24 - 4.30) 4.88 (3.15 - 7.47) 0.008
South Dakota 2.47 (1.95 - 3.12) 2.35 (1.83 - 3.02) 0.600
Region 1 2.48 (1.73 - 3.56) 2.17 (1.45 - 3.23) 0.317
Region 2 2.27 (1.65 - 3.12) 2.46 (1.70 - 3.54) 0.543
Region 3 2.77b (2.01 - 3.80) 2.20 (1.48 - 3.23) 0.084
Region 4 2.58 (1.80 - 3.70) 2.35 (1.49 - 3.69) 0.509
Region 5 2.33 (1.62 - 3.34) 2.04 (1.30 - 3.20) 0.356
Region 6 2.38 (1.64 - 3.44) 2.17 (1.35 - 3.49) 0.555
Region 7 2.52 (1.75 - 3.60) 2.78 (1.75 - 4.38) 0.497
Tennessee 4.64a (3.81 - 5.64) 3.53 (2.80 - 4.45) 0.002
Region 1 4.33 (3.07 - 6.06) 4.02 (2.52 - 6.36) 0.635
Region 2 4.86a (3.63 - 6.48) 2.98 (1.93 - 4.56) 0.001
Region 3 4.91 (3.62 - 6.63) 4.18 (2.75 - 6.29) 0.256
Region 4 (Davidson) 5.08a (3.58 - 7.17) 3.62 (2.28 - 5.70) 0.029
Region 5 4.59a (3.38 - 6.20) 3.01 (1.96 - 4.60) 0.009
Region 6 4.51 (3.20 - 6.32) 3.80 (2.45 - 5.86) 0.231
Region 7 (Shelby) 4.11 (2.88 - 5.83) 3.87 (2.42 - 6.15) 0.715
Texas 3.64a (3.23 - 4.10) 3.11 (2.74 - 3.53) 0.008
Region 1 3.81a (2.89 - 5.02) 2.95 (2.09 - 4.16) 0.027
Region 2 3.85a (2.80 - 5.27) 2.85 (1.90 - 4.26) 0.024
Region 3 3.76 (3.14 - 4.50) 3.52 (2.86 - 4.33) 0.459
Region 3a 3.91 (3.13 - 4.87) 3.73 (2.86 - 4.85) 0.663
Region 3bc 3.49 (2.72 - 4.48) 3.16 (2.32 - 4.29) 0.403
Region 4 3.66b (2.77 - 4.82) 2.88 (1.94 - 4.27) 0.092
Region 5 3.54 (2.64 - 4.74) 3.18 (2.11 - 4.77) 0.429
Region 6 3.55a (2.89 - 4.35) 2.70 (2.11 - 3.44) 0.009
Region 6a 3.54a (2.84 - 4.41) 2.69 (2.06 - 3.51) 0.019
Region 6bc 3.64a (2.67 - 4.96) 2.72 (1.78 - 4.14) 0.031
Region 7 4.29 (3.50 - 5.27) 3.76 (2.94 - 4.79) 0.139
Region 7a 4.50 (3.48 - 5.81) 3.99 (2.92 - 5.45) 0.306
Region 7bcd 3.96 (3.00 - 5.22) 3.37 (2.39 - 4.73) 0.142
Region 8 3.24 (2.50 - 4.19) 2.69 (1.92 - 3.75) 0.120
Region 9 3.39 (2.50 - 4.60) 3.88 (2.55 - 5.86) 0.338
Region 10 3.22 (2.37 - 4.36) 2.79 (1.89 - 4.10) 0.275
Region 11 3.20 (2.52 - 4.06) 2.72 (2.08 - 3.56) 0.115
Region 11abd 3.18 (2.37 - 4.25) 2.63 (1.89 - 3.64) 0.114
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.24 (2.35 - 4.45) 2.90 (1.94 - 4.30) 0.401
Utah 3.16 (2.56 - 3.89) 3.18 (2.58 - 3.93) 0.927
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 3.16 (2.28 - 4.36) 2.93 (1.97 - 4.32) 0.554
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 2.86 (2.03 - 4.01) 2.95 (1.95 - 4.44) 0.829
Davis County 3.12 (2.24 - 4.33) 3.00 (2.06 - 4.34) 0.742
Salt Lake County 3.12 (2.36 - 4.13) 3.29 (2.41 - 4.49) 0.670
Utah County 3.51 (2.61 - 4.72) 3.65 (2.63 - 5.04) 0.749
Weber, Morgan 3.05 (2.16 - 4.28) 2.64 (1.71 - 4.05) 0.301
Vermont 3.90 (3.21 - 4.73) 4.18 (3.41 - 5.12) 0.447
Champlain Valley 4.30 (3.43 - 5.39) 4.58 (3.49 - 5.99) 0.612
Rural Northeast 3.47 (2.51 - 4.78) 3.75 (2.60 - 5.37) 0.569
Rural Southeast 3.87 (2.83 - 5.27) 4.24 (2.87 - 6.23) 0.515
Rural Southwest 3.60 (2.57 - 5.03) 3.79 (2.55 - 5.61) 0.717
Virginia 3.36 (2.69 - 4.18) 3.03 (2.37 - 3.87) 0.258
Region 1 3.37 (2.44 - 4.65) 3.55 (2.37 - 5.28) 0.717
Region 2 2.95 (2.08 - 4.16) 2.52 (1.65 - 3.85) 0.280
Region 3 3.53 (2.60 - 4.78) 3.16 (2.13 - 4.65) 0.410
Region 4 3.35 (2.39 - 4.67) 3.12 (1.98 - 4.87) 0.641
Region 5 3.69 (2.70 - 5.03) 3.10 (2.04 - 4.69) 0.209
Washington 3.92 (3.19 - 4.80) 3.86 (3.10 - 4.79) 0.863
Region 1 3.83 (2.96 - 4.93) 3.99 (2.87 - 5.53) 0.708
East 1 (previously Region 1) 3.94 (2.87 - 5.37) 4.03 (2.67 - 6.03) 0.867
East 2 (previously Region 2) 3.67 (2.65 - 5.07) 3.94 (2.48 - 6.20) 0.645
Region 2 4.02 (3.10 - 5.19) 3.36 (2.48 - 4.53) 0.112
North 1 (previously Region 3) 3.90 (2.83 - 5.36) 3.74 (2.48 - 5.62) 0.759
North 2 (previously Region 4) 4.08b (2.97 - 5.58) 3.13 (2.14 - 4.57) 0.069
Region 3 3.83 (2.98 - 4.92) 4.47 (3.31 - 6.00) 0.184
West 1 (previously Region 5) 3.74 (2.71 - 5.15) 4.08 (2.76 - 6.00) 0.538
West 2 (previously Region 6) 3.92 (2.87 - 5.33) 4.82 (3.23 - 7.14) 0.176
West Virginia 4.25 (3.49 - 5.16) 4.22 (3.38 - 5.24) 0.938
Region I 4.36 (3.06 - 6.18) 4.71 (2.93 - 7.47) 0.631
Region II 3.97 (2.90 - 5.43) 4.53 (2.91 - 6.98) 0.398
Region III 3.91 (2.79 - 5.45) 3.52 (2.25 - 5.47) 0.476
Region IV 4.77 (3.60 - 6.29) 4.23 (2.97 - 6.01) 0.357
Region V 4.45 (3.33 - 5.92) 4.88 (3.38 - 6.99) 0.503
Region VI 3.67 (2.64 - 5.08) 3.08 (2.05 - 4.61) 0.248
Wisconsin 3.94 (3.19 - 4.85) 3.50 (2.83 - 4.32) 0.141
Milwaukee 4.07b (2.91 - 5.66) 3.20 (2.14 - 4.75) 0.078
Northeastern 3.76 (2.71 - 5.21) 3.42 (2.38 - 4.89) 0.434
Northern 4.08b (2.91 - 5.69) 3.15 (2.01 - 4.91) 0.067
Southeastern 3.89 (2.84 - 5.29) 3.39 (2.32 - 4.93) 0.283
Southern 3.99 (2.95 - 5.36) 3.86 (2.63 - 5.64) 0.806
Western 3.98 (2.87 - 5.49) 3.84 (2.65 - 5.53) 0.771
Wyoming 3.31 (2.71 - 4.04) 2.90 (2.30 - 3.66) 0.126
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 2.95 (2.10 - 4.12) 2.80 (1.85 - 4.21) 0.712
Judicial District 2 4.07 (3.02 - 5.47) 3.49 (2.40 - 5.04) 0.220
Judicial District 3 3.47 (2.56 - 4.68) 2.88 (1.92 - 4.29) 0.176
Judicial District 4 2.98 (2.10 - 4.23) 2.66 (1.67 - 4.23) 0.442
Judicial District 5 3.15 (2.24 - 4.43) 2.76 (1.79 - 4.24) 0.314
Judicial District 6 3.13 (2.24 - 4.35) 2.86 (1.86 - 4.38) 0.533
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 3.69 (2.70 - 5.02) 3.24 (2.14 - 4.85) 0.351
Judicial District 8 2.90 (2.02 - 4.15) 2.69 (1.69 - 4.27) 0.605
Judicial District 9 3.33 (2.34 - 4.72) 2.69 (1.69 - 4.25) 0.158
120709
Table 6 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 2.33a (2.22 - 2.44) 1.94 (1.84 - 2.03) 0.000
Northeast 2.46 (2.24 - 2.70) 2.31 (2.10 - 2.53) 0.157
Midwest 2.17a (2.02 - 2.34) 1.68 (1.55 - 1.83) 0.000
South 2.22a (2.07 - 2.38) 1.72 (1.59 - 1.87) 0.000
West 2.54a (2.32 - 2.78) 2.22 (2.02 - 2.45) 0.008
Alabama 1.85a (1.37 - 2.49) 1.18 (0.82 - 1.70) 0.001
Region 1 1.66a (1.13 - 2.45) 1.08 (0.68 - 1.71) 0.010
Region 2 1.95a (1.34 - 2.84) 1.27 (0.80 - 2.01) 0.010
Region 3 1.95a (1.27 - 3.00) 1.24 (0.75 - 2.07) 0.011
Region 4 1.87a (1.24 - 2.80) 1.12 (0.68 - 1.84) 0.004
Alaska 3.08 (2.37 - 4.00) 2.52 (1.90 - 3.34) 0.132
Anchorage 3.43 (2.52 - 4.67) 2.87 (1.99 - 4.11) 0.285
Northern 2.72b (1.87 - 3.96) 2.04 (1.33 - 3.10) 0.087
South Central 2.79 (1.92 - 4.04) 2.22 (1.48 - 3.33) 0.170
Southeast 3.11 (2.03 - 4.75) 2.86 (1.85 - 4.40) 0.632
Arizona 3.21a (2.52 - 4.09) 2.21 (1.64 - 2.98) 0.001
Maricopa 3.29a (2.50 - 4.31) 2.10 (1.47 - 2.99) 0.002
Pima 3.75b (2.57 - 5.44) 2.83 (1.84 - 4.33) 0.079
Rural North 2.69 (1.81 - 3.99) 2.29 (1.48 - 3.54) 0.297
Rural South 2.64a (1.74 - 3.98) 1.92 (1.21 - 3.02) 0.045
Arkansas 1.99a (1.52 - 2.59) 1.30 (0.91 - 1.84) 0.001
Catchment Area 1 2.08a (1.42 - 3.03) 1.23 (0.78 - 1.94) 0.002
Catchment Area 2 1.85a (1.23 - 2.78) 1.27 (0.78 - 2.08) 0.037
Catchment Area 3 2.13a (1.43 - 3.16) 1.41 (0.83 - 2.37) 0.019
Catchment Area 4 1.77a (1.19 - 2.62) 1.13 (0.69 - 1.84) 0.013
Catchment Area 5 2.04a (1.43 - 2.91) 1.22 (0.76 - 1.96) 0.004
Catchment Area 6 1.89b (1.20 - 2.98) 1.35 (0.78 - 2.35) 0.083
Catchment Area 7 1.76b (1.12 - 2.76) 1.29 (0.75 - 2.20) 0.090
Catchment Area 8 2.09a (1.40 - 3.11) 1.40 (0.86 - 2.29) 0.029
California 2.46 (2.13 - 2.83) 2.18 (1.87 - 2.53) 0.113
Region 1R 2.87 (2.11 - 3.88) 3.12 (2.19 - 4.44) 0.520
Region 2R 2.42 (1.75 - 3.35) 2.49 (1.76 - 3.51) 0.850
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.01b (2.17 - 4.15) 2.30 (1.55 - 3.40) 0.093
Region 4R 2.57 (1.85 - 3.56) 2.24 (1.54 - 3.24) 0.358
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.85 (2.55 - 5.75) 3.92 (2.56 - 5.95) 0.913
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 1.92 (1.35 - 2.74) 1.60 (1.09 - 2.34) 0.243
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 2.46b (1.75 - 3.45) 1.90 (1.29 - 2.79) 0.085
Region 8R (Alameda) 2.36 (1.68 - 3.32) 2.29 (1.58 - 3.30) 0.818
Region 9R (San Mateo) 1.94 (1.35 - 2.79) 1.70 (1.13 - 2.55) 0.404
Region 10 2.76 (2.03 - 3.75) 2.66 (1.86 - 3.81) 0.805
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.38 (1.97 - 2.86) 2.08 (1.71 - 2.53) 0.167
LA SPA 1 and 5 2.73 (1.91 - 3.88) 2.56 (1.72 - 3.78) 0.676
LA SPA 2 2.34 (1.69 - 3.24) 2.13 (1.49 - 3.02) 0.513
LA SPA 3 2.03 (1.50 - 2.75) 1.66 (1.14 - 2.41) 0.168
LA SPA 4 2.74 (1.93 - 3.89) 2.57 (1.76 - 3.76) 0.689
LA SPA 6 2.58 (1.79 - 3.71) 2.20 (1.49 - 3.23) 0.303
LA SPA 7 2.35b (1.67 - 3.32) 1.79 (1.22 - 2.64) 0.091
LA SPA 8 2.20 (1.54 - 3.15) 1.97 (1.35 - 2.85) 0.464
Region 12R 2.24 (1.58 - 3.16) 2.12 (1.46 - 3.08) 0.715
Regions 13 and 19R 2.44 (1.82 - 3.25) 2.07 (1.46 - 2.92) 0.254
Region 13 (Riverside) 2.42 (1.78 - 3.30) 2.06 (1.43 - 2.97) 0.281
Region 19R (Imperial) 2.59 (1.82 - 3.65) 2.19 (1.49 - 3.22) 0.295
Region 14 (Orange) 2.01 (1.48 - 2.74) 1.80 (1.31 - 2.46) 0.413
Region 15R (Fresno) 2.51 (1.81 - 3.48) 2.13 (1.46 - 3.09) 0.269
Region 16R (San Diego) 2.83 (2.15 - 3.72) 2.29 (1.68 - 3.13) 0.120
Region 17R 2.56 (1.88 - 3.48) 2.29 (1.63 - 3.21) 0.458
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 2.19 (1.62 - 2.96) 2.06 (1.46 - 2.90) 0.672
Region 20R 2.33 (1.67 - 3.24) 2.06 (1.42 - 2.99) 0.401
Region 21R 2.78 (2.05 - 3.77) 2.38 (1.66 - 3.42) 0.271
Colorado 3.24 (2.58 - 4.07) 3.44 (2.73 - 4.32) 0.603
Region 1 3.35 (2.36 - 4.73) 4.20 (2.89 - 6.06) 0.134
Regions 2 and 7 3.49 (2.67 - 4.54) 3.55 (2.69 - 4.67) 0.895
Region 3 2.52 (1.73 - 3.66) 2.78 (1.88 - 4.08) 0.543
Region 4 2.54 (1.70 - 3.78) 2.71 (1.74 - 4.20) 0.703
Regions 5 and 6 3.21 (2.12 - 4.84) 3.22 (2.07 - 4.98) 0.990
Connecticut 2.35a (1.80 - 3.07) 1.82 (1.32 - 2.50) 0.028
Eastern 2.27 (1.55 - 3.32) 1.80 (1.13 - 2.87) 0.173
North Central 2.35a (1.63 - 3.38) 1.68 (1.10 - 2.55) 0.036
Northwestern 2.10 (1.42 - 3.09) 1.97 (1.25 - 3.08) 0.699
South Central 2.54 (1.77 - 3.65) 2.02 (1.33 - 3.05) 0.147
Southwest 2.41a (1.62 - 3.57) 1.66 (1.03 - 2.67) 0.030
Delaware 2.54b (1.93 - 3.34) 2.09 (1.55 - 2.81) 0.076
Kent 2.26 (1.52 - 3.35) 2.11 (1.37 - 3.23) 0.654
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 2.66 (1.95 - 3.64) 2.17 (1.53 - 3.08) 0.137
Sussex 2.23 (1.47 - 3.36) 1.84 (1.18 - 2.86) 0.238
Wilmington City 3.10b (1.89 - 5.05) 2.16 (1.27 - 3.66) 0.053
District of Columbia 4.83a (3.77 - 6.16) 3.32 (2.49 - 4.41) 0.004
Ward 1 5.84a (3.87 - 8.73) 3.39 (2.13 - 5.35) 0.011
Ward 2 6.29b (4.49 - 8.74) 4.57 (3.07 - 6.76) 0.075
Ward 3 4.72b (3.19 - 6.94) 3.47 (2.31 - 5.17) 0.085
Ward 4 3.76a (2.35 - 5.97) 2.47 (1.45 - 4.17) 0.045
Ward 5 5.15a (3.33 - 7.90) 3.16 (1.87 - 5.29) 0.013
Ward 6 4.48 (2.91 - 6.85) 3.43 (2.12 - 5.51) 0.193
Ward 7 4.39 (2.80 - 6.82) 3.23 (1.90 - 5.44) 0.152
Ward 8 3.61 (2.27 - 5.68) 2.54 (1.45 - 4.40) 0.112
Florida 2.18a (1.86 - 2.55) 1.83 (1.54 - 2.17) 0.027
Region A - Northwest 2.66a (2.10 - 3.37) 2.07 (1.59 - 2.69) 0.013
Circuit 1 2.32 (1.65 - 3.24) 1.92 (1.32 - 2.77) 0.181
Circuit 2 3.54a (2.48 - 5.03) 2.41 (1.63 - 3.55) 0.008
Circuit 14 2.35 (1.66 - 3.31) 1.98 (1.30 - 3.01) 0.281
Region B - Northeast 2.40a (1.93 - 2.99) 1.92 (1.48 - 2.48) 0.028
Circuits 3 and 8 2.95a (2.13 - 4.07) 2.04 (1.38 - 3.00) 0.011
Circuit 4 2.47 (1.79 - 3.41) 2.03 (1.38 - 2.97) 0.161
Circuit 7 1.96 (1.38 - 2.78) 1.71 (1.14 - 2.54) 0.385
Region C - Central 2.18a (1.80 - 2.64) 1.81 (1.45 - 2.26) 0.050
Circuit 5 1.84 (1.34 - 2.53) 1.52 (1.02 - 2.27) 0.223
Circuit 9 2.66 (1.95 - 3.62) 2.12 (1.50 - 2.99) 0.109
Circuit 10 1.84 (1.30 - 2.60) 1.60 (1.09 - 2.35) 0.361
Circuit 18 2.30 (1.67 - 3.15) 1.88 (1.29 - 2.75) 0.174
Circuit 19 1.95 (1.38 - 2.76) 1.76 (1.15 - 2.66) 0.497
Region D - Southeast 1.97a (1.52 - 2.55) 1.54 (1.14 - 2.07) 0.048
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.09a (1.50 - 2.89) 1.51 (1.01 - 2.26) 0.041
Circuit 17 (Broward) 1.88 (1.33 - 2.64) 1.56 (1.08 - 2.25) 0.239
Region E - Sun Coast 2.12 (1.73 - 2.59) 1.95 (1.53 - 2.48) 0.435
Circuit 6 1.94 (1.40 - 2.68) 1.91 (1.30 - 2.80) 0.925
Circuit 12 1.96 (1.35 - 2.83) 2.02 (1.31 - 3.10) 0.860
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 2.31 (1.67 - 3.18) 2.00 (1.41 - 2.83) 0.342
Circuit 20 2.25 (1.61 - 3.12) 1.90 (1.28 - 2.81) 0.271
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 2.07 (1.51 - 2.83) 1.79 (1.28 - 2.49) 0.334
Georgia 2.27a (1.69 - 3.05) 1.39 (0.98 - 1.98) 0.000
Region 1 2.14a (1.48 - 3.08) 1.26 (0.80 - 1.97) 0.002
Region 2 2.49a (1.63 - 3.79) 1.48 (0.89 - 2.47) 0.004
Region 3 2.47a (1.62 - 3.73) 1.42 (0.86 - 2.31) 0.003
Region 4 2.18a (1.39 - 3.41) 1.50 (0.88 - 2.53) 0.032
Region 5 2.08a (1.37 - 3.16) 1.46 (0.92 - 2.32) 0.030
Region 6 2.08a (1.35 - 3.18) 1.39 (0.86 - 2.24) 0.020
Hawaii 1.88 (1.37 - 2.58) 1.59 (1.14 - 2.22) 0.239
Hawaii Island 2.31 (1.52 - 3.50) 2.32 (1.44 - 3.73) 0.976
Honolulu 1.78 (1.25 - 2.54) 1.41 (0.97 - 2.07) 0.148
Kauai and Maui 1.93 (1.29 - 2.88) 1.76 (1.12 - 2.75) 0.546
Kauai 1.84 (1.16 - 2.91) 1.88 (1.11 - 3.19) 0.898
Maui 1.98 (1.25 - 3.10) 1.70 (1.01 - 2.84) 0.411
Idaho 1.58a (1.20 - 2.07) 1.16 (0.85 - 1.58) 0.008
Region 1 1.49b (1.00 - 2.22) 1.11 (0.69 - 1.78) 0.076
Region 2 1.68 (1.08 - 2.60) 1.29 (0.80 - 2.09) 0.142
Region 3 1.40b (0.93 - 2.11) 1.05 (0.67 - 1.65) 0.083
Region 4 1.82a (1.29 - 2.56) 1.25 (0.84 - 1.85) 0.014
Region 5 1.37 (0.90 - 2.06) 1.09 (0.69 - 1.71) 0.178
Region 6 1.62b (1.09 - 2.40) 1.18 (0.75 - 1.84) 0.054
Region 7 1.47 (0.99 - 2.18) 1.14 (0.74 - 1.76) 0.129
Illinois 2.32a (1.98 - 2.71) 1.88 (1.58 - 2.23) 0.014
Region I (Cook) 2.65b (2.08 - 3.37) 2.16 (1.68 - 2.78) 0.090
Region II 1.99b (1.59 - 2.49) 1.63 (1.25 - 2.13) 0.099
Region III 2.21 (1.69 - 2.89) 2.02 (1.51 - 2.71) 0.479
Region IV 1.97 (1.42 - 2.73) 1.56 (1.06 - 2.27) 0.103
Region V 2.37a (1.79 - 3.12) 1.64 (1.15 - 2.32) 0.011
Indiana 2.14a (1.65 - 2.76) 1.36 (0.98 - 1.88) 0.000
Central 2.17a (1.49 - 3.15) 1.31 (0.84 - 2.06) 0.002
East 1.99a (1.33 - 2.97) 1.30 (0.79 - 2.12) 0.015
North Central 1.89a (1.27 - 2.82) 1.31 (0.83 - 2.05) 0.022
Northeast 2.02a (1.33 - 3.04) 1.28 (0.80 - 2.04) 0.007
Northwest 2.33a (1.54 - 3.51) 1.38 (0.85 - 2.22) 0.002
Southeast 2.13a (1.46 - 3.08) 1.38 (0.86 - 2.22) 0.009
Southwest 1.93a (1.30 - 2.85) 1.30 (0.79 - 2.15) 0.026
West 2.56a (1.79 - 3.66) 1.67 (1.09 - 2.56) 0.006
Iowa 1.53a (1.15 - 2.01) 1.00 (0.70 - 1.41) 0.001
Central 1.66a (1.13 - 2.44) 1.10 (0.69 - 1.75) 0.021
North Central 1.42b (0.96 - 2.08) 1.05 (0.65 - 1.69) 0.079
Northeast 1.58a (1.09 - 2.29) 1.02 (0.65 - 1.60) 0.008
Northwest 1.33a (0.91 - 1.94) 0.95 (0.60 - 1.50) 0.041
Southeast 1.60a (1.09 - 2.35) 0.95 (0.60 - 1.51) 0.003
Southwest 1.42a (0.93 - 2.15) 0.88 (0.52 - 1.48) 0.006
Kansas 1.91a (1.46 - 2.50) 1.48 (1.08 - 2.03) 0.029
Kansas City Metro 2.00 (1.40 - 2.84) 1.65 (1.11 - 2.46) 0.212
Northeast 1.95 (1.33 - 2.85) 1.52 (0.98 - 2.34) 0.125
South Central 1.79b (1.21 - 2.65) 1.32 (0.81 - 2.14) 0.086
Southeast 1.80 (1.18 - 2.74) 1.48 (0.93 - 2.36) 0.271
West 1.75a (1.18 - 2.59) 1.23 (0.78 - 1.94) 0.030
Wichita (Sedgwick) 1.94b (1.31 - 2.87) 1.40 (0.90 - 2.17) 0.052
Kentucky 1.83a (1.40 - 2.40) 1.28 (0.92 - 1.79) 0.002
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 1.62a (1.10 - 2.40) 1.07 (0.67 - 1.70) 0.011
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 2.01a (1.40 - 2.86) 1.38 (0.90 - 2.11) 0.020
Communicare and River Valley 1.76b (1.17 - 2.63) 1.32 (0.80 - 2.15) 0.087
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 1.62 (1.07 - 2.43) 1.30 (0.80 - 2.09) 0.202
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 1.57 (1.06 - 2.32) 1.21 (0.76 - 1.94) 0.109
Seven Counties 2.05a (1.39 - 3.01) 1.33 (0.84 - 2.11) 0.011
Louisiana 2.46a (1.87 - 3.22) 1.83 (1.34 - 2.49) 0.006
Regions 1 and 3 2.93b (1.89 - 4.51) 2.15 (1.34 - 3.44) 0.058
Regions 2 and 9 2.40a (1.71 - 3.37) 1.68 (1.09 - 2.58) 0.022
Regions 4, 5, and 6 2.29b (1.59 - 3.29) 1.71 (1.11 - 2.61) 0.060
Regions 7 and 8 2.32 (1.56 - 3.42) 1.84 (1.19 - 2.83) 0.135
Region 10 (Jefferson) 2.54b (1.64 - 3.93) 1.91 (1.16 - 3.13) 0.092
Maine 2.08 (1.61 - 2.69) 2.10 (1.61 - 2.74) 0.925
Aroostook/Downeast 1.74 (1.15 - 2.62) 1.80 (1.18 - 2.72) 0.838
Central 1.90 (1.26 - 2.85) 1.92 (1.24 - 2.98) 0.940
Cumberland 2.36 (1.67 - 3.32) 2.60 (1.80 - 3.76) 0.497
Midcoast 2.05 (1.38 - 3.04) 2.19 (1.42 - 3.38) 0.662
Penquis 2.48 (1.74 - 3.51) 2.17 (1.44 - 3.27) 0.378
Western 2.06 (1.36 - 3.10) 1.97 (1.30 - 2.98) 0.786
York 1.85 (1.25 - 2.72) 1.81 (1.18 - 2.76) 0.889
Maryland 2.08b (1.55 - 2.79) 1.68 (1.18 - 2.38) 0.062
Anne Arundel 2.04 (1.35 - 3.07) 1.80 (1.12 - 2.89) 0.439
Baltimore City 2.79 (1.70 - 4.52) 2.15 (1.21 - 3.78) 0.215
Baltimore County 2.18b (1.41 - 3.36) 1.58 (0.93 - 2.65) 0.075
Montgomery 1.71 (1.12 - 2.60) 1.30 (0.81 - 2.11) 0.126
North Central 1.88 (1.25 - 2.83) 1.50 (0.93 - 2.40) 0.170
Northeast 2.24b (1.49 - 3.37) 1.68 (1.06 - 2.67) 0.067
Prince George's 1.99 (1.22 - 3.21) 1.64 (0.96 - 2.79) 0.340
South 2.06 (1.34 - 3.15) 1.99 (1.21 - 3.26) 0.844
West 1.94 (1.29 - 2.91) 1.69 (1.04 - 2.73) 0.401
Massachusetts 2.75 (2.15 - 3.52) 2.64 (2.06 - 3.38) 0.697
Boston 4.05b (2.67 - 6.12) 3.00 (1.96 - 4.58) 0.080
Central 2.36 (1.60 - 3.47) 2.74 (1.85 - 4.04) 0.336
Metrowest 2.49 (1.76 - 3.50) 2.34 (1.64 - 3.31) 0.681
Northeast 2.51 (1.74 - 3.62) 2.43 (1.64 - 3.58) 0.831
Southeast 2.60 (1.81 - 3.73) 2.43 (1.65 - 3.57) 0.677
Western 3.03 (2.12 - 4.31) 3.40 (2.23 - 5.16) 0.484
Michigan 2.08b (1.80 - 2.41) 1.83 (1.56 - 2.15) 0.097
Detroit City 2.16 (1.44 - 3.24) 1.76 (1.08 - 2.85) 0.286
Genesee 2.39 (1.70 - 3.35) 1.92 (1.30 - 2.83) 0.160
Kalamazoo 2.17 (1.59 - 2.95) 1.73 (1.20 - 2.47) 0.115
Kent 2.31 (1.69 - 3.15) 2.04 (1.45 - 2.87) 0.382
Lakeshore 2.05 (1.52 - 2.76) 1.81 (1.30 - 2.51) 0.341
Macomb 2.17 (1.61 - 2.92) 1.83 (1.30 - 2.57) 0.229
Mid South 2.16 (1.64 - 2.86) 1.89 (1.39 - 2.57) 0.319
Northern 2.02 (1.51 - 2.71) 1.97 (1.43 - 2.70) 0.836
Oakland 1.80 (1.35 - 2.40) 1.69 (1.23 - 2.32) 0.641
Pathways and Western 2.33 (1.68 - 3.22) 1.99 (1.39 - 2.86) 0.277
Riverhaven 1.85 (1.30 - 2.62) 1.90 (1.33 - 2.73) 0.836
Saginaw 2.04 (1.41 - 2.94) 1.79 (1.19 - 2.68) 0.421
Southeast 1.95 (1.49 - 2.55) 1.84 (1.36 - 2.49) 0.644
St. Clair 1.98 (1.42 - 2.76) 1.63 (1.13 - 2.34) 0.179
Washtenaw 2.23 (1.65 - 3.02) 1.83 (1.30 - 2.58) 0.142
Minnesota 2.40a (1.83 - 3.13) 1.76 (1.33 - 2.33) 0.003
Regions 1 and 2 2.20 (1.48 - 3.25) 1.68 (1.07 - 2.63) 0.102
Regions 3 and 4 2.12 (1.46 - 3.09) 1.66 (1.11 - 2.48) 0.102
Regions 5 and 6 1.94b (1.33 - 2.83) 1.51 (1.00 - 2.27) 0.095
Region 7A (Hennepin) 2.83a (1.88 - 4.25) 1.96 (1.26 - 3.03) 0.021
Region 7B (Ramsey) 2.84a (1.83 - 4.38) 1.90 (1.19 - 3.01) 0.015
Region 7C 2.48a (1.72 - 3.56) 1.83 (1.22 - 2.74) 0.042
Mississippi 1.36 (0.95 - 1.94) 1.42 (0.99 - 2.04) 0.701
Region 1 1.39 (0.91 - 2.11) 1.63 (1.03 - 2.55) 0.336
Region 2 1.45 (0.84 - 2.49) 1.50 (0.84 - 2.66) 0.860
Region 3 1.24 (0.77 - 2.00) 1.27 (0.76 - 2.13) 0.906
Region 4 1.32 (0.82 - 2.14) 1.33 (0.80 - 2.19) 0.987
Region 5 1.23 (0.72 - 2.09) 1.24 (0.69 - 2.22) 0.952
Region 6 1.40 (0.88 - 2.22) 1.36 (0.81 - 2.26) 0.863
Region 7 1.41 (0.89 - 2.22) 1.44 (0.89 - 2.33) 0.897
Missouri 2.12b (1.64 - 2.74) 1.78 (1.31 - 2.41) 0.093
Central 2.19b (1.50 - 3.19) 1.68 (1.07 - 2.64) 0.089
Eastern 2.27 (1.64 - 3.14) 1.97 (1.35 - 2.87) 0.293
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 2.12 (1.40 - 3.19) 1.86 (1.16 - 2.94) 0.460
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 2.54 (1.73 - 3.72) 2.17 (1.37 - 3.42) 0.274
Northwest 2.07 (1.49 - 2.86) 1.76 (1.20 - 2.56) 0.209
Northwest (Jackson) 2.13 (1.41 - 3.22) 1.86 (1.16 - 2.98) 0.409
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 2.01 (1.36 - 2.96) 1.67 (1.08 - 2.58) 0.234
Southeast 1.84 (1.26 - 2.69) 1.51 (0.95 - 2.40) 0.237
Southwest 2.01 (1.41 - 2.87) 1.66 (1.09 - 2.51) 0.217
Montana 2.39 (1.88 - 3.03) 2.04 (1.56 - 2.66) 0.123
Region 1 1.72 (1.14 - 2.58) 1.72 (1.10 - 2.69) 0.977
Region 2 1.87 (1.28 - 2.73) 1.84 (1.21 - 2.79) 0.913
Region 3 2.32 (1.63 - 3.31) 2.06 (1.40 - 3.01) 0.386
Region 4 2.32 (1.67 - 3.22) 2.02 (1.38 - 2.94) 0.347
Region 5 2.91b (2.11 - 3.99) 2.21 (1.54 - 3.17) 0.053
Nebraska 1.76 (1.34 - 2.32) 1.48 (1.08 - 2.02) 0.139
Regions 1 and 2 1.41 (0.97 - 2.03) 1.20 (0.79 - 1.82) 0.277
Region 1 1.37 (0.89 - 2.10) 1.15 (0.71 - 1.86) 0.322
Region 2 1.44 (0.92 - 2.23) 1.24 (0.75 - 2.04) 0.402
Region 3 1.53 (1.01 - 2.30) 1.37 (0.87 - 2.14) 0.501
Region 4 1.57 (1.03 - 2.39) 1.33 (0.82 - 2.16) 0.336
Region 5 2.06 (1.45 - 2.90) 1.61 (1.08 - 2.41) 0.118
Region 6 1.80 (1.26 - 2.57) 1.54 (1.03 - 2.30) 0.327
Nevada 2.49 (1.85 - 3.34) 2.46 (1.85 - 3.28) 0.939
Clark 2.50 (1.78 - 3.48) 2.31 (1.65 - 3.23) 0.606
Rural 2.31 (1.55 - 3.43) 2.50 (1.61 - 3.87) 0.618
Washoe 2.61 (1.78 - 3.81) 3.13 (2.13 - 4.58) 0.223
New Hampshire 2.48 (1.95 - 3.16) 2.54 (1.99 - 3.25) 0.823
Central 2.56 (1.90 - 3.45) 2.77 (2.03 - 3.78) 0.536
Central 1 2.68 (1.88 - 3.81) 3.11 (2.10 - 4.59) 0.332
Central 2 2.45 (1.69 - 3.54) 2.45 (1.64 - 3.65) 0.998
Northern 2.64 (1.79 - 3.87) 2.63 (1.73 - 3.97) 0.977
Southern 2.41 (1.83 - 3.17) 2.41 (1.82 - 3.20) 0.993
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 2.10 (1.48 - 2.98) 2.27 (1.56 - 3.29) 0.604
Southern 2 2.60 (1.90 - 3.56) 2.50 (1.80 - 3.48) 0.787
New Jersey 1.76 (1.30 - 2.37) 2.09 (1.54 - 2.84) 0.147
Central 1.80 (1.22 - 2.64) 2.21 (1.45 - 3.35) 0.206
Metropolitan 1.73 (1.13 - 2.63) 2.15 (1.40 - 3.28) 0.206
Northern 1.53 (1.03 - 2.27) 1.88 (1.24 - 2.85) 0.206
Southern 2.07 (1.38 - 3.12) 2.21 (1.45 - 3.37) 0.691
New Mexico 2.40 (1.84 - 3.13) 2.23 (1.71 - 2.90) 0.522
Region 1 2.11 (1.47 - 3.02) 1.82 (1.23 - 2.68) 0.365
Region 2 2.11 (1.37 - 3.23) 2.18 (1.42 - 3.35) 0.845
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 2.77 (1.97 - 3.89) 2.66 (1.90 - 3.72) 0.796
Region 4 2.17 (1.46 - 3.20) 1.99 (1.31 - 3.03) 0.632
Region 5 2.48 (1.72 - 3.57) 2.13 (1.42 - 3.18) 0.340
New York 2.81b (2.39 - 3.31) 2.43 (2.07 - 2.85) 0.066
Region A 3.00a (2.41 - 3.72) 2.29 (1.84 - 2.85) 0.009
Region 1 2.77b (1.91 - 3.99) 2.02 (1.35 - 3.01) 0.058
Region 2 2.80a (2.05 - 3.80) 2.07 (1.49 - 2.87) 0.033
Region 3 4.89a (3.48 - 6.84) 3.69 (2.58 - 5.24) 0.047
Region 4 1.98 (1.35 - 2.89) 1.70 (1.18 - 2.44) 0.344
Region B 2.29 (1.83 - 2.87) 2.28 (1.83 - 2.85) 0.975
Region 5 2.24 (1.66 - 3.01) 2.30 (1.71 - 3.09) 0.834
Region 6 2.25 (1.61 - 3.14) 1.96 (1.36 - 2.82) 0.363
Region 7 2.51 (1.79 - 3.51) 2.70 (1.91 - 3.80) 0.614
Region C 3.00 (2.49 - 3.60) 2.72 (2.24 - 3.31) 0.278
Region 8 2.75 (1.99 - 3.79) 2.53 (1.80 - 3.53) 0.557
Region 9 3.07 (2.27 - 4.14) 2.52 (1.78 - 3.55) 0.161
Region 10 3.16 (2.30 - 4.32) 2.83 (2.01 - 3.96) 0.400
Region 11 2.74 (2.01 - 3.73) 2.81 (2.04 - 3.85) 0.854
Region 12 3.33 (2.46 - 4.48) 2.94 (2.11 - 4.09) 0.361
Region D 2.96 (2.36 - 3.70) 2.73 (2.12 - 3.50) 0.444
Region 13 2.65 (1.91 - 3.67) 2.39 (1.61 - 3.54) 0.495
Region 14 3.01 (2.16 - 4.19) 2.60 (1.83 - 3.68) 0.304
Region 15 3.17 (2.26 - 4.44) 3.15 (2.14 - 4.62) 0.971
North Carolina 2.48b (1.89 - 3.23) 2.04 (1.50 - 2.77) 0.093
CenterPoint/Guilford 2.53 (1.77 - 3.60) 2.04 (1.34 - 3.10) 0.144
CenterPoint 2.42 (1.61 - 3.61) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 2.65 (1.69 - 4.15) 2.19 (1.30 - 3.65) 0.296
Durham 2.54 (1.73 - 3.71) 2.00 (1.29 - 3.08) 0.154
East Carolina 2.74 (1.78 - 4.21) 2.29 (1.41 - 3.69) 0.292
Eastpointe 2.39 (1.52 - 3.74) 2.02 (1.18 - 3.46) 0.383
ECCS 2.95 (2.00 - 4.32) 2.27 (1.44 - 3.57) 0.118
Mecklenburg 2.69 (1.76 - 4.10) 2.26 (1.40 - 3.64) 0.322
Pathways 2.15 (1.45 - 3.19) 1.92 (1.22 - 3.00) 0.513
PBH 2.42 (1.62 - 3.59) 2.06 (1.30 - 3.25) 0.364
Sandhills 2.29 (1.48 - 3.53) 1.84 (1.09 - 3.07) 0.255
Smoky Mountain 2.28 (1.53 - 3.39) 1.78 (1.11 - 2.83) 0.132
Western Highlands 2.26 (1.47 - 3.45) 1.96 (1.22 - 3.13) 0.401
North Dakota 1.44a (1.08 - 1.91) 1.02 (0.71 - 1.45) 0.010
Badlands and West Central 1.25b (0.85 - 1.83) 0.94 (0.59 - 1.49) 0.099
Lake Region and South Central 1.18a (0.78 - 1.79) 0.83 (0.51 - 1.34) 0.042
North Central and Northwest 1.25b (0.82 - 1.88) 0.92 (0.57 - 1.47) 0.075
Northeast 1.84a (1.25 - 2.69) 1.22 (0.77 - 1.92) 0.017
Southeast 1.69a (1.17 - 2.44) 1.16 (0.75 - 1.79) 0.027
Ohio 2.24a (1.95 - 2.57) 1.46 (1.21 - 1.74) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 2.11a (1.54 - 2.88) 1.45 (1.02 - 2.05) 0.011
Boards 3, 52, and 85 1.89a (1.35 - 2.63) 1.16 (0.77 - 1.75) 0.003
Boards 4 and 78 2.06a (1.47 - 2.90) 1.31 (0.86 - 1.98) 0.005
Boards 5 and 60 2.22a (1.61 - 3.05) 1.51 (1.05 - 2.16) 0.010
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 1.71a (1.22 - 2.38) 1.12 (0.74 - 1.69) 0.014
Boards 8, 13, and 83 1.80a (1.28 - 2.52) 1.20 (0.81 - 1.78) 0.012
Board 9 (Butler) 2.01a (1.44 - 2.81) 1.24 (0.82 - 1.89) 0.003
Board 12 2.12a (1.55 - 2.91) 1.47 (1.00 - 2.15) 0.020
Boards 18 and 47 2.06a (1.53 - 2.77) 1.43 (1.00 - 2.03) 0.016
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 1.94a (1.38 - 2.72) 1.26 (0.86 - 1.85) 0.007
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 1.97a (1.44 - 2.70) 1.20 (0.80 - 1.79) 0.002
Boards 22, 74, and 87 2.13a (1.52 - 2.98) 1.47 (1.01 - 2.14) 0.017
Boards 23 and 45 2.06a (1.49 - 2.86) 1.38 (0.93 - 2.03) 0.006
Board 25 (Franklin) 3.12a (2.34 - 4.14) 2.01 (1.46 - 2.78) 0.002
Boards 27, 71, and 73 1.86a (1.34 - 2.56) 1.26 (0.85 - 1.86) 0.013
Boards 28, 43, and 67 2.19a (1.62 - 2.96) 1.31 (0.91 - 1.86) 0.000
Board 31 (Hamilton) 2.88a (2.06 - 4.02) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.22) 0.000
Board 48 (Lucas) 2.36b (1.68 - 3.32) 1.75 (1.14 - 2.67) 0.080
Boards 50 and 76 2.34b (1.73 - 3.16) 1.74 (1.18 - 2.57) 0.061
Board 57 (Montgomery) 2.44a (1.75 - 3.40) 1.51 (1.00 - 2.27) 0.003
Board 77 (Summit) 2.17a (1.55 - 3.02) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.03) 0.004
Oklahoma 1.70b (1.28 - 2.26) 1.37 (0.98 - 1.92) 0.065
Central 1.86 (1.25 - 2.77) 1.47 (0.92 - 2.34) 0.157
East Central 1.56 (1.03 - 2.35) 1.39 (0.83 - 2.31) 0.522
Northeast 1.54 (1.01 - 2.35) 1.29 (0.80 - 2.05) 0.280
Northwest and Southwest 1.51 (1.01 - 2.26) 1.44 (0.91 - 2.26) 0.762
Oklahoma County 2.02a (1.34 - 3.04) 1.40 (0.86 - 2.28) 0.041
Southeast 1.53 (1.03 - 2.27) 1.22 (0.77 - 1.95) 0.188
Tulsa County 1.77 (1.18 - 2.64) 1.39 (0.87 - 2.20) 0.149
Oregon 2.58 (2.02 - 3.30) 2.32 (1.80 - 3.00) 0.289
Region 1 (Multnomah) 3.56 (2.43 - 5.19) 3.09 (2.06 - 4.61) 0.396
Region 2 2.00 (1.37 - 2.92) 1.82 (1.23 - 2.70) 0.521
Region 3 2.67 (1.95 - 3.64) 2.49 (1.81 - 3.41) 0.603
Region 4 2.31 (1.60 - 3.33) 1.96 (1.30 - 2.96) 0.282
Region 5 (Central) 2.45 (1.64 - 3.66) 2.24 (1.42 - 3.52) 0.582
Region 6 (Eastern) 2.14 (1.43 - 3.18) 1.99 (1.29 - 3.06) 0.652
Pennsylvania 2.13 (1.81 - 2.52) 2.10 (1.76 - 2.50) 0.835
Region 1 (Allegheny) 2.29 (1.67 - 3.14) 2.58 (1.82 - 3.63) 0.421
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 2.28 (1.65 - 3.14) 2.15 (1.45 - 3.18) 0.696
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 1.88 (1.34 - 2.61) 1.99 (1.41 - 2.80) 0.685
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 1.91 (1.36 - 2.69) 1.91 (1.25 - 2.89) 0.977
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 1.95 (1.40 - 2.72) 2.08 (1.45 - 2.98) 0.661
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.17 (1.68 - 2.81) 2.16 (1.62 - 2.87) 0.956
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 1.88 (1.33 - 2.64) 1.69 (1.15 - 2.48) 0.477
Regions 17 and 21 2.07 (1.46 - 2.92) 2.15 (1.45 - 3.19) 0.799
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 1.95 (1.41 - 2.68) 1.81 (1.28 - 2.57) 0.627
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 1.79 (1.28 - 2.49) 1.73 (1.19 - 2.50) 0.830
Regions 29 and 34 1.71 (1.22 - 2.40) 1.83 (1.25 - 2.66) 0.657
Regions 30 and 50 2.15 (1.53 - 3.02) 2.10 (1.45 - 3.03) 0.857
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 2.92 (2.09 - 4.06) 2.50 (1.73 - 3.60) 0.348
Rhode Island 4.45a (3.53 - 5.60) 3.33 (2.55 - 4.33) 0.013
Bristol and Newport 4.15a (2.84 - 6.02) 2.89 (1.86 - 4.48) 0.028
Kent 3.71b (2.51 - 5.44) 2.65 (1.70 - 4.12) 0.056
Providence 4.83a (3.72 - 6.26) 3.65 (2.68 - 4.94) 0.038
Washington 3.89 (2.69 - 5.59) 3.12 (2.08 - 4.66) 0.166
South Carolina 2.25 (1.71 - 2.95) 2.35 (1.71 - 3.22) 0.711
Region 1 2.05 (1.41 - 2.98) 1.97 (1.25 - 3.08) 0.807
Region 2 2.14 (1.49 - 3.06) 2.09 (1.36 - 3.18) 0.884
Region 3 2.28 (1.49 - 3.49) 2.56 (1.58 - 4.11) 0.514
Region 4 2.54 (1.75 - 3.69) 2.90 (1.83 - 4.56) 0.447
South Dakota 1.51a (1.12 - 2.03) 1.16 (0.83 - 1.63) 0.035
Region 1 1.37 (0.90 - 2.06) 1.03 (0.64 - 1.65) 0.102
Region 2 1.70 (1.16 - 2.49) 1.34 (0.87 - 2.06) 0.165
Region 3 1.62a (1.10 - 2.40) 1.15 (0.73 - 1.79) 0.042
Region 4 1.51b (0.99 - 2.32) 1.10 (0.67 - 1.80) 0.070
Region 5 1.27 (0.83 - 1.94) 1.05 (0.65 - 1.69) 0.259
Region 6 1.09 (0.69 - 1.73) 0.88 (0.54 - 1.43) 0.222
Region 7 1.57 (1.03 - 2.40) 1.27 (0.78 - 2.06) 0.188
Tennessee 2.57a (2.01 - 3.30) 1.46 (1.03 - 2.06) 0.000
Region 1 2.13a (1.44 - 3.14) 1.26 (0.76 - 2.09) 0.006
Region 2 2.81a (2.00 - 3.92) 1.50 (0.96 - 2.35) 0.000
Region 3 2.77a (1.94 - 3.96) 1.54 (0.96 - 2.44) 0.000
Region 4 (Davidson) 3.41a (2.18 - 5.31) 1.92 (1.14 - 3.23) 0.002
Region 5 2.41a (1.73 - 3.34) 1.24 (0.76 - 2.02) 0.000
Region 6 2.14a (1.42 - 3.20) 1.41 (0.85 - 2.32) 0.024
Region 7 (Shelby) 2.34a (1.48 - 3.68) 1.50 (0.87 - 2.58) 0.027
Texas 2.24a (1.94 - 2.59) 1.79 (1.52 - 2.11) 0.003
Region 1 2.55a (1.87 - 3.48) 1.90 (1.35 - 2.67) 0.028
Region 2 2.29a (1.62 - 3.21) 1.62 (1.08 - 2.43) 0.023
Region 3 2.06b (1.67 - 2.55) 1.73 (1.35 - 2.21) 0.089
Region 3a 2.25b (1.74 - 2.91) 1.84 (1.37 - 2.46) 0.095
Region 3bc 1.73 (1.25 - 2.38) 1.53 (1.08 - 2.17) 0.406
Region 4 1.88 (1.35 - 2.61) 1.56 (1.05 - 2.29) 0.218
Region 5 2.09 (1.45 - 2.99) 1.62 (1.07 - 2.46) 0.117
Region 6 2.28 (1.79 - 2.90) 1.89 (1.45 - 2.47) 0.110
Region 6a 2.28 (1.76 - 2.95) 1.89 (1.41 - 2.51) 0.133
Region 6bc 2.31 (1.63 - 3.25) 1.95 (1.31 - 2.89) 0.269
Region 7 2.60b (2.06 - 3.29) 2.08 (1.60 - 2.70) 0.054
Region 7a 2.78a (2.08 - 3.72) 2.03 (1.45 - 2.83) 0.028
Region 7bcd 2.32 (1.67 - 3.19) 2.16 (1.51 - 3.08) 0.647
Region 8 2.13b (1.58 - 2.87) 1.64 (1.18 - 2.27) 0.059
Region 9 2.02 (1.44 - 2.83) 1.73 (1.18 - 2.53) 0.296
Region 10 2.21a (1.56 - 3.12) 1.64 (1.12 - 2.38) 0.046
Region 11 2.58a (1.97 - 3.37) 1.78 (1.35 - 2.36) 0.003
Region 11abd 2.67a (1.94 - 3.66) 1.80 (1.28 - 2.54) 0.009
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 2.41a (1.69 - 3.43) 1.75 (1.19 - 2.57) 0.042
Utah 1.83a (1.37 - 2.43) 1.29 (0.94 - 1.77) 0.008
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 1.70b (1.14 - 2.53) 1.24 (0.78 - 1.95) 0.054
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 1.55a (1.01 - 2.37) 1.08 (0.68 - 1.72) 0.050
Davis County 1.73 (1.13 - 2.62) 1.33 (0.83 - 2.12) 0.139
Salt Lake County 1.95a (1.37 - 2.79) 1.36 (0.91 - 2.02) 0.029
Utah County 1.93a (1.32 - 2.81) 1.36 (0.89 - 2.06) 0.033
Weber, Morgan 1.76a (1.13 - 2.73) 1.18 (0.72 - 1.94) 0.038
Vermont 3.01 (2.41 - 3.77) 3.06 (2.46 - 3.80) 0.864
Champlain Valley 3.37 (2.59 - 4.36) 3.57 (2.75 - 4.61) 0.620
Rural Northeast 2.81 (1.99 - 3.94) 2.82 (2.00 - 3.98) 0.965
Rural Southeast 2.82 (1.99 - 3.99) 2.65 (1.82 - 3.86) 0.683
Rural Southwest 2.72 (1.86 - 3.96) 2.73 (1.83 - 4.05) 0.986
Virginia 2.36a (1.79 - 3.11) 1.80 (1.34 - 2.42) 0.012
Region 1 2.56 (1.79 - 3.66) 2.05 (1.38 - 3.03) 0.130
Region 2 2.08b (1.38 - 3.14) 1.55 (0.99 - 2.40) 0.072
Region 3 2.41 (1.67 - 3.47) 1.90 (1.26 - 2.87) 0.118
Region 4 2.69a (1.79 - 4.01) 1.89 (1.22 - 2.91) 0.024
Region 5 2.27 (1.54 - 3.34) 1.79 (1.16 - 2.77) 0.149
Washington 2.51 (1.97 - 3.21) 2.21 (1.68 - 2.90) 0.230
Region 1 2.33 (1.73 - 3.13) 2.18 (1.52 - 3.12) 0.630
East 1 (previously Region 1) 2.26 (1.58 - 3.22) 2.22 (1.45 - 3.38) 0.907
East 2 (previously Region 2) 2.43 (1.67 - 3.51) 2.13 (1.35 - 3.34) 0.435
Region 2 2.80b (2.08 - 3.75) 2.26 (1.63 - 3.12) 0.089
North 1 (previously Region 3) 2.43 (1.70 - 3.47) 2.21 (1.50 - 3.25) 0.519
North 2 (previously Region 4) 3.01b (2.11 - 4.27) 2.29 (1.54 - 3.38) 0.070
Region 3 2.24 (1.67 - 3.00) 2.16 (1.54 - 3.02) 0.769
West 1 (previously Region 5) 2.28 (1.58 - 3.28) 2.27 (1.50 - 3.41) 0.979
West 2 (previously Region 6) 2.21 (1.56 - 3.12) 2.06 (1.36 - 3.10) 0.652
West Virginia 2.58b (2.01 - 3.31) 2.14 (1.64 - 2.78) 0.067
Region I 2.84b (1.90 - 4.23) 2.12 (1.37 - 3.27) 0.065
Region II 2.57 (1.76 - 3.73) 2.24 (1.42 - 3.50) 0.406
Region III 2.20 (1.46 - 3.32) 1.72 (1.09 - 2.70) 0.136
Region IV 3.32 (2.38 - 4.61) 2.94 (2.06 - 4.18) 0.387
Region V 2.35 (1.65 - 3.33) 1.98 (1.35 - 2.89) 0.242
Region VI 2.19b (1.51 - 3.16) 1.62 (1.05 - 2.51) 0.071
Wisconsin 2.56 (1.99 - 3.29) 2.31 (1.77 - 3.01) 0.330
Milwaukee 2.87 (1.88 - 4.35) 2.36 (1.54 - 3.60) 0.229
Northeastern 2.55 (1.78 - 3.64) 2.23 (1.52 - 3.27) 0.382
Northern 2.27 (1.53 - 3.35) 1.91 (1.21 - 3.00) 0.281
Southeastern 2.45 (1.73 - 3.46) 2.31 (1.55 - 3.43) 0.690
Southern 2.68 (1.88 - 3.82) 2.60 (1.74 - 3.89) 0.844
Western 2.39 (1.63 - 3.51) 2.25 (1.50 - 3.36) 0.678
Wyoming 2.12a (1.63 - 2.74) 1.34 (0.98 - 1.82) 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 2.15a (1.46 - 3.16) 1.36 (0.90 - 2.05) 0.010
Judicial District 2 2.68a (1.85 - 3.85) 1.67 (1.09 - 2.57) 0.006
Judicial District 3 2.00a (1.39 - 2.86) 1.13 (0.73 - 1.76) 0.001
Judicial District 4 1.90a (1.26 - 2.88) 1.20 (0.73 - 1.96) 0.014
Judicial District 5 1.66b (1.14 - 2.40) 1.22 (0.79 - 1.89) 0.071
Judicial District 6 2.16a (1.47 - 3.17) 1.34 (0.85 - 2.12) 0.005
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 2.41a (1.67 - 3.47) 1.51 (0.97 - 2.33) 0.007
Judicial District 8 1.61b (1.07 - 2.40) 1.17 (0.73 - 1.85) 0.068
Judicial District 9 2.22a (1.44 - 3.41) 1.37 (0.84 - 2.22) 0.015
120709
Table 7 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 5.03a (4.88 - 5.18) 4.87 (4.72 - 5.02) 0.049
Northeast 4.30 (4.04 - 4.58) 4.41 (4.15 - 4.70) 0.386
Midwest 5.02b (4.79 - 5.26) 4.83 (4.61 - 5.05) 0.080
South 5.03a (4.81 - 5.26) 4.71 (4.50 - 4.93) 0.005
West 5.61 (5.28 - 5.96) 5.51 (5.17 - 5.88) 0.584
Alabama 5.61a (4.76 - 6.60) 4.79 (4.01 - 5.71) 0.020
Region 1 5.17 (4.04 - 6.58) 4.70 (3.64 - 6.04) 0.328
Region 2 6.18a (4.96 - 7.68) 5.03 (3.95 - 6.38) 0.038
Region 3 5.37 (4.10 - 7.00) 4.74 (3.58 - 6.23) 0.188
Region 4 5.54b (4.36 - 7.02) 4.60 (3.48 - 6.05) 0.082
Alaska 5.25 (4.38 - 6.28) 5.31 (4.37 - 6.43) 0.887
Anchorage 5.67 (4.49 - 7.13) 5.72 (4.48 - 7.28) 0.933
Northern 4.81 (3.66 - 6.30) 4.90 (3.73 - 6.40) 0.879
South Central 5.00 (3.82 - 6.53) 5.07 (3.78 - 6.77) 0.899
Southeast 5.06 (3.69 - 6.91) 5.07 (3.68 - 6.94) 0.995
Arizona 6.37 (5.34 - 7.58) 6.25 (5.15 - 7.56) 0.815
Maricopa 6.63 (5.43 - 8.07) 6.07 (4.86 - 7.57) 0.395
Pima 6.05 (4.54 - 8.03) 7.00 (5.18 - 9.38) 0.196
Rural North 6.82 (5.08 - 9.10) 7.20 (5.20 - 9.89) 0.662
Rural South 5.14 (3.75 - 7.00) 5.30 (3.80 - 7.34) 0.792
Arkansas 6.65a (5.69 - 7.76) 5.51 (4.64 - 6.55) 0.007
Catchment Area 1 7.07a (5.49 - 9.06) 5.45 (4.11 - 7.18) 0.015
Catchment Area 2 7.35a (5.63 - 9.55) 5.83 (4.35 - 7.78) 0.036
Catchment Area 3 6.90a (5.38 - 8.80) 5.47 (4.09 - 7.28) 0.038
Catchment Area 4 6.89a (5.21 - 9.04) 5.26 (3.86 - 7.11) 0.018
Catchment Area 5 6.91b (5.48 - 8.69) 5.64 (4.32 - 7.32) 0.053
Catchment Area 6 5.57 (4.14 - 7.44) 4.87 (3.52 - 6.70) 0.250
Catchment Area 7 5.65 (4.16 - 7.62) 5.33 (3.91 - 7.23) 0.610
Catchment Area 8 6.25 (4.86 - 8.00) 5.76 (4.32 - 7.64) 0.469
California 5.36 (4.88 - 5.89) 5.02 (4.53 - 5.57) 0.179
Region 1R 6.03 (4.74 - 7.65) 6.58 (5.06 - 8.52) 0.392
Region 2R 6.30 (5.04 - 7.85) 6.38 (4.94 - 8.21) 0.889
Region 3R (Sacramento) 6.57 (5.20 - 8.28) 5.90 (4.52 - 7.66) 0.305
Region 4R 5.89 (4.60 - 7.52) 5.49 (4.21 - 7.15) 0.494
Region 5R (San Francisco) 4.64 (3.45 - 6.23) 5.33 (3.91 - 7.23) 0.286
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 4.75b (3.63 - 6.19) 3.78 (2.85 - 5.01) 0.058
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 5.29 (4.07 - 6.84) 4.56 (3.43 - 6.03) 0.153
Region 8R (Alameda) 5.26 (4.07 - 6.78) 5.00 (3.76 - 6.61) 0.656
Region 9R (San Mateo) 4.74 (3.56 - 6.28) 4.15 (3.08 - 5.58) 0.225
Region 10 7.06 (5.58 - 8.89) 6.01 (4.61 - 7.82) 0.125
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 4.86 (4.26 - 5.53) 4.48 (3.92 - 5.12) 0.193
LA SPA 1 and 5 5.25 (4.02 - 6.84) 4.71 (3.56 - 6.22) 0.302
LA SPA 2 5.23b (4.07 - 6.70) 4.25 (3.27 - 5.51) 0.054
LA SPA 3 4.26 (3.32 - 5.45) 4.40 (3.34 - 5.77) 0.782
LA SPA 4 4.76 (3.66 - 6.18) 4.51 (3.41 - 5.95) 0.623
LA SPA 6 4.72 (3.62 - 6.13) 4.36 (3.35 - 5.66) 0.434
LA SPA 7 4.76 (3.69 - 6.11) 4.68 (3.61 - 6.05) 0.882
LA SPA 8 5.03 (3.90 - 6.47) 4.65 (3.50 - 6.15) 0.472
Region 12R 6.03 (4.62 - 7.83) 5.18 (3.93 - 6.82) 0.131
Regions 13 and 19R 6.01b (4.86 - 7.42) 5.11 (4.01 - 6.49) 0.092
Region 13 (Riverside) 6.11b (4.88 - 7.62) 5.16 (4.01 - 6.63) 0.096
Region 19R (Imperial) 4.80 (3.57 - 6.42) 4.42 (3.29 - 5.91) 0.469
Region 14 (Orange) 4.67 (3.72 - 5.85) 4.09 (3.20 - 5.21) 0.196
Region 15R (Fresno) 5.14 (3.95 - 6.66) 5.24 (3.99 - 6.85) 0.864
Region 16R (San Diego) 6.02 (4.88 - 7.42) 5.92 (4.74 - 7.38) 0.850
Region 17R 5.16 (4.08 - 6.51) 5.12 (4.03 - 6.49) 0.939
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 5.13 (4.10 - 6.40) 5.56 (4.41 - 7.01) 0.369
Region 20R 5.64 (4.42 - 7.18) 5.35 (4.11 - 6.92) 0.585
Region 21R 5.57 (4.37 - 7.06) 5.41 (4.14 - 7.03) 0.762
Colorado 5.48b (4.61 - 6.49) 6.31 (5.29 - 7.52) 0.071
Region 1 5.54a (4.21 - 7.25) 6.88 (5.18 - 9.08) 0.041
Regions 2 and 7 5.71 (4.66 - 6.99) 6.57 (5.25 - 8.19) 0.176
Region 3 4.84 (3.64 - 6.42) 5.41 (4.08 - 7.14) 0.310
Region 4 4.97 (3.64 - 6.75) 5.56 (4.03 - 7.64) 0.307
Regions 5 and 6 5.30 (3.94 - 7.10) 5.92 (4.36 - 7.98) 0.319
Connecticut 4.08 (3.35 - 4.96) 3.88 (3.18 - 4.74) 0.526
Eastern 4.47 (3.30 - 6.03) 4.28 (3.18 - 5.74) 0.682
North Central 4.04 (3.07 - 5.28) 3.36 (2.51 - 4.50) 0.109
Northwestern 4.07 (3.06 - 5.39) 4.54 (3.31 - 6.19) 0.323
South Central 4.07 (3.09 - 5.35) 4.09 (3.07 - 5.43) 0.964
Southwest 3.92 (2.89 - 5.29) 3.52 (2.56 - 4.82) 0.349
Delaware 5.01 (4.14 - 6.05) 5.41 (4.50 - 6.49) 0.328
Kent 5.19 (3.96 - 6.76) 5.87 (4.45 - 7.71) 0.244
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 5.16 (4.13 - 6.44) 5.49 (4.38 - 6.86) 0.522
Sussex 4.64 (3.46 - 6.22) 4.93 (3.69 - 6.55) 0.609
Wilmington City 4.68 (3.39 - 6.42) 5.21 (3.74 - 7.22) 0.351
District of Columbia 3.82 (3.09 - 4.71) 3.98 (3.22 - 4.93) 0.607
Ward 1 3.98 (2.83 - 5.56) 4.18 (2.97 - 5.86) 0.722
Ward 2 5.04 (3.80 - 6.66) 5.28 (3.86 - 7.19) 0.697
Ward 3 4.22 (3.12 - 5.68) 4.61 (3.38 - 6.25) 0.459
Ward 4 3.34 (2.38 - 4.66) 3.15 (2.20 - 4.51) 0.666
Ward 5 3.62 (2.59 - 5.04) 3.73 (2.61 - 5.30) 0.827
Ward 6 3.62 (2.56 - 5.11) 3.97 (2.79 - 5.63) 0.491
Ward 7 3.03 (2.16 - 4.23) 3.01 (2.13 - 4.23) 0.961
Ward 8 3.35 (2.46 - 4.53) 3.58 (2.62 - 4.89) 0.549
Florida 4.35 (3.91 - 4.84) 4.22 (3.76 - 4.74) 0.569
Region A - Northwest 5.37 (4.55 - 6.33) 5.28 (4.38 - 6.34) 0.809
Circuit 1 5.38 (4.24 - 6.80) 5.28 (4.07 - 6.81) 0.845
Circuit 2 5.37 (4.22 - 6.81) 5.38 (4.12 - 7.00) 0.982
Circuit 14 5.34 (4.13 - 6.88) 5.13 (3.81 - 6.88) 0.709
Region B - Northeast 5.41 (4.62 - 6.33) 4.91 (4.11 - 5.86) 0.154
Circuits 3 and 8 5.71 (4.46 - 7.28) 5.12 (3.88 - 6.73) 0.284
Circuit 4 5.60 (4.46 - 7.02) 4.95 (3.83 - 6.36) 0.197
Circuit 7 4.98 (3.90 - 6.33) 4.74 (3.61 - 6.21) 0.634
Region C - Central 4.49 (3.90 - 5.17) 4.38 (3.76 - 5.09) 0.683
Circuit 5 4.84 (3.79 - 6.14) 4.36 (3.33 - 5.69) 0.335
Circuit 9 4.23 (3.35 - 5.34) 3.94 (3.09 - 5.01) 0.469
Circuit 10 4.38 (3.38 - 5.66) 4.20 (3.23 - 5.45) 0.702
Circuit 18 4.50 (3.54 - 5.71) 4.87 (3.71 - 6.37) 0.455
Circuit 19 4.60 (3.51 - 6.00) 4.75 (3.52 - 6.39) 0.765
Region D - Southeast 3.70 (3.07 - 4.46) 3.21 (2.60 - 3.96) 0.124
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 4.04 (3.14 - 5.17) 3.55 (2.70 - 4.66) 0.229
Circuit 17 (Broward) 3.45 (2.71 - 4.37) 2.96 (2.26 - 3.86) 0.199
Region E - Sun Coast 4.36 (3.75 - 5.07) 4.65 (3.95 - 5.45) 0.385
Circuit 6 3.85 (3.01 - 4.91) 4.43 (3.41 - 5.74) 0.216
Circuit 12 4.57 (3.46 - 6.01) 5.20 (3.84 - 7.02) 0.286
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 4.32 (3.39 - 5.49) 4.22 (3.28 - 5.40) 0.817
Circuit 20 4.90 (3.81 - 6.28) 4.97 (3.80 - 6.46) 0.899
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.26 (2.53 - 4.20) 3.11 (2.42 - 3.97) 0.672
Georgia 5.37a (4.51 - 6.38) 4.50 (3.77 - 5.37) 0.006
Region 1 5.69b (4.43 - 7.28) 4.77 (3.65 - 6.20) 0.092
Region 2 5.97a (4.59 - 7.73) 4.86 (3.64 - 6.47) 0.035
Region 3 4.65 (3.58 - 6.01) 4.12 (3.14 - 5.40) 0.226
Region 4 5.37 (3.92 - 7.31) 4.62 (3.36 - 6.31) 0.153
Region 5 5.67 (4.31 - 7.44) 4.83 (3.66 - 6.36) 0.115
Region 6 5.58a (4.22 - 7.35) 4.22 (3.15 - 5.63) 0.006
Hawaii 4.23 (3.38 - 5.28) 4.76 (3.82 - 5.91) 0.230
Hawaii Island 4.47b (3.24 - 6.15) 5.50 (3.95 - 7.61) 0.095
Honolulu 4.16 (3.24 - 5.32) 4.62 (3.60 - 5.91) 0.349
Kauai and Maui 4.35 (3.26 - 5.79) 4.71 (3.46 - 6.39) 0.450
Kauai 4.22 (2.98 - 5.96) 4.71 (3.23 - 6.82) 0.384
Maui 4.41 (3.16 - 6.12) 4.72 (3.32 - 6.67) 0.583
Idaho 5.81 (4.91 - 6.86) 5.94 (5.06 - 6.97) 0.727
Region 1 6.18 (4.76 - 8.00) 6.93 (5.20 - 9.18) 0.292
Region 2 5.55 (4.12 - 7.43) 6.25 (4.64 - 8.36) 0.259
Region 3 5.67 (4.28 - 7.48) 5.23 (3.97 - 6.86) 0.453
Region 4 6.27 (4.99 - 7.86) 6.16 (4.86 - 7.77) 0.855
Region 5 5.14 (3.85 - 6.84) 5.14 (3.80 - 6.90) 0.991
Region 6 5.79 (4.35 - 7.66) 5.97 (4.49 - 7.89) 0.758
Region 7 5.28 (4.08 - 6.81) 5.78 (4.44 - 7.48) 0.358
Illinois 4.19 (3.75 - 4.68) 3.94 (3.53 - 4.40) 0.260
Region I (Cook) 3.83 (3.20 - 4.58) 3.84 (3.23 - 4.54) 0.996
Region II 4.05 (3.43 - 4.78) 3.57 (3.01 - 4.23) 0.135
Region III 5.09 (4.23 - 6.11) 4.64 (3.84 - 5.59) 0.248
Region IV 4.40 (3.47 - 5.57) 4.46 (3.53 - 5.61) 0.887
Region V 4.95 (4.03 - 6.08) 4.47 (3.62 - 5.52) 0.265
Indiana 6.22 (5.31 - 7.27) 5.88 (4.99 - 6.92) 0.405
Central 5.98 (4.72 - 7.55) 5.83 (4.50 - 7.52) 0.804
East 6.44 (4.85 - 8.49) 5.95 (4.47 - 7.88) 0.460
North Central 6.27 (4.78 - 8.17) 5.81 (4.44 - 7.58) 0.472
Northeast 6.34 (4.87 - 8.21) 5.41 (4.04 - 7.21) 0.138
Northwest 5.78 (4.40 - 7.55) 5.37 (4.04 - 7.12) 0.481
Southeast 6.78 (5.22 - 8.75) 6.51 (4.89 - 8.62) 0.716
Southwest 5.46 (4.04 - 7.33) 5.32 (3.90 - 7.22) 0.818
West 6.90 (5.35 - 8.86) 6.84 (5.26 - 8.84) 0.930
Iowa 3.64 (3.01 - 4.41) 3.45 (2.83 - 4.20) 0.449
Central 3.85 (2.87 - 5.16) 3.72 (2.77 - 4.98) 0.753
North Central 3.57 (2.66 - 4.77) 3.62 (2.66 - 4.92) 0.888
Northeast 3.62 (2.77 - 4.71) 3.43 (2.60 - 4.51) 0.604
Northwest 3.29 (2.47 - 4.36) 3.27 (2.42 - 4.42) 0.973
Southeast 3.79 (2.88 - 4.98) 3.21 (2.41 - 4.27) 0.125
Southwest 3.70 (2.71 - 5.04) 3.56 (2.58 - 4.91) 0.731
Kansas 4.90 (4.10 - 5.83) 4.70 (3.91 - 5.64) 0.539
Kansas City Metro 4.89 (3.86 - 6.19) 4.91 (3.85 - 6.25) 0.964
Northeast 4.48 (3.39 - 5.89) 4.40 (3.27 - 5.88) 0.862
South Central 4.85 (3.62 - 6.47) 4.81 (3.50 - 6.56) 0.938
Southeast 4.92 (3.63 - 6.63) 4.87 (3.59 - 6.57) 0.921
West 4.94 (3.66 - 6.64) 4.26 (3.15 - 5.74) 0.152
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.39 (4.12 - 7.02) 4.75 (3.54 - 6.34) 0.243
Kentucky 6.13 (5.20 - 7.21) 5.65 (4.79 - 6.65) 0.210
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 5.39 (4.08 - 7.10) 5.24 (3.97 - 6.87) 0.774
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 6.44 (5.12 - 8.08) 6.27 (4.96 - 7.89) 0.773
Communicare and River Valley 6.27 (4.76 - 8.21) 5.75 (4.24 - 7.74) 0.402
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 5.80 (4.34 - 7.70) 5.52 (4.14 - 7.32) 0.636
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.77 (4.42 - 7.51) 5.46 (4.09 - 7.26) 0.612
Seven Counties 6.54a (5.08 - 8.38) 5.25 (3.98 - 6.90) 0.039
Louisiana 5.83 (4.90 - 6.92) 5.48 (4.63 - 6.48) 0.394
Regions 1 and 3 5.59 (4.17 - 7.47) 4.80 (3.59 - 6.41) 0.193
Regions 2 and 9 6.15 (4.90 - 7.70) 5.22 (4.08 - 6.67) 0.115
Regions 4, 5, and 6 5.71 (4.43 - 7.33) 6.05 (4.73 - 7.71) 0.571
Regions 7 and 8 6.03 (4.66 - 7.77) 5.98 (4.61 - 7.73) 0.944
Region 10 (Jefferson) 5.32 (3.91 - 7.19) 4.90 (3.57 - 6.68) 0.469
Maine 4.23 (3.54 - 5.04) 4.25 (3.54 - 5.10) 0.940
Aroostook/Downeast 4.21 (3.19 - 5.55) 4.27 (3.16 - 5.75) 0.914
Central 4.18 (3.13 - 5.55) 4.18 (3.13 - 5.56) 0.998
Cumberland 3.83 (2.91 - 5.01) 4.22 (3.23 - 5.49) 0.356
Midcoast 4.44 (3.32 - 5.91) 4.29 (3.15 - 5.83) 0.761
Penquis 4.19 (3.19 - 5.48) 4.45 (3.34 - 5.90) 0.576
Western 4.38 (3.29 - 5.81) 4.51 (3.41 - 5.94) 0.791
York 4.57 (3.43 - 6.07) 3.92 (2.86 - 5.36) 0.202
Maryland 3.97 (3.27 - 4.80) 4.01 (3.26 - 4.93) 0.867
Anne Arundel 4.39 (3.24 - 5.91) 4.13 (2.99 - 5.67) 0.580
Baltimore City 3.87 (2.85 - 5.25) 3.95 (2.79 - 5.57) 0.872
Baltimore County 4.29 (3.21 - 5.70) 4.36 (3.12 - 6.05) 0.886
Montgomery 3.46 (2.53 - 4.70) 3.30 (2.40 - 4.53) 0.687
North Central 4.23 (3.12 - 5.71) 4.07 (2.98 - 5.54) 0.727
Northeast 4.93 (3.68 - 6.58) 4.70 (3.40 - 6.47) 0.663
Prince George's 3.12 (2.28 - 4.26) 3.51 (2.56 - 4.80) 0.320
South 4.11 (3.02 - 5.58) 4.45 (3.23 - 6.09) 0.456
West 4.19 (3.07 - 5.70) 4.38 (3.22 - 5.94) 0.670
Massachusetts 5.70b (4.81 - 6.74) 5.08 (4.29 - 6.00) 0.078
Boston 5.50 (4.12 - 7.29) 5.06 (3.68 - 6.91) 0.460
Central 5.84 (4.45 - 7.62) 5.43 (4.10 - 7.16) 0.475
Metrowest 5.11 (3.92 - 6.62) 4.32 (3.31 - 5.61) 0.118
Northeast 5.25 (3.99 - 6.88) 4.83 (3.69 - 6.30) 0.442
Southeast 6.39 (4.91 - 8.28) 5.45 (4.14 - 7.15) 0.139
Western 6.40 (4.87 - 8.35) 5.85 (4.43 - 7.70) 0.393
Michigan 5.62 (5.14 - 6.15) 5.66 (5.15 - 6.20) 0.889
Detroit City 4.45 (3.51 - 5.61) 3.94 (3.05 - 5.07) 0.297
Genesee 5.98 (4.78 - 7.46) 6.64 (5.16 - 8.50) 0.286
Kalamazoo 5.92 (4.79 - 7.30) 5.72 (4.59 - 7.11) 0.690
Kent 5.24 (4.15 - 6.61) 5.44 (4.26 - 6.92) 0.716
Lakeshore 5.88 (4.76 - 7.26) 6.61 (5.26 - 8.28) 0.207
Macomb 6.00 (4.89 - 7.33) 5.80 (4.68 - 7.17) 0.724
Mid South 6.82 (5.67 - 8.18) 6.32 (5.14 - 7.75) 0.394
Northern 5.39b (4.35 - 6.65) 6.34 (5.11 - 7.85) 0.085
Oakland 5.22 (4.27 - 6.37) 4.83 (3.93 - 5.94) 0.412
Pathways and Western 5.29 (4.13 - 6.75) 5.25 (3.99 - 6.87) 0.941
Riverhaven 5.31 (4.11 - 6.84) 6.21 (4.85 - 7.92) 0.116
Saginaw 5.57 (4.33 - 7.13) 5.72 (4.37 - 7.45) 0.776
Southeast 5.47 (4.59 - 6.51) 5.59 (4.61 - 6.75) 0.807
St. Clair 6.27 (4.90 - 8.00) 5.80 (4.47 - 7.50) 0.426
Washtenaw 5.81 (4.63 - 7.26) 5.58 (4.40 - 7.06) 0.669
Minnesota 4.71 (3.94 - 5.64) 4.43 (3.68 - 5.33) 0.356
Regions 1 and 2 5.21 (3.91 - 6.90) 5.15 (3.79 - 6.97) 0.923
Regions 3 and 4 4.45 (3.39 - 5.82) 4.23 (3.16 - 5.62) 0.604
Regions 5 and 6 4.59 (3.49 - 6.02) 4.33 (3.31 - 5.63) 0.576
Region 7A (Hennepin) 4.53 (3.44 - 5.95) 4.31 (3.21 - 5.75) 0.632
Region 7B (Ramsey) 4.83b (3.59 - 6.47) 4.01 (2.98 - 5.39) 0.054
Region 7C 4.94 (3.82 - 6.36) 4.64 (3.55 - 6.04) 0.529
Mississippi 4.11 (3.40 - 4.97) 4.59 (3.84 - 5.47) 0.132
Region 1 4.80 (3.70 - 6.20) 4.93 (3.79 - 6.39) 0.798
Region 2 3.96 (2.92 - 5.33) 3.90 (2.86 - 5.29) 0.899
Region 3 3.80b (2.80 - 5.14) 4.58 (3.43 - 6.10) 0.098
Region 4 3.57b (2.62 - 4.84) 4.33 (3.31 - 5.65) 0.084
Region 5 3.69 (2.64 - 5.15) 3.80 (2.79 - 5.14) 0.809
Region 6 4.15a (3.08 - 5.56) 5.21 (3.88 - 6.96) 0.030
Region 7 4.35 (3.30 - 5.71) 4.89 (3.68 - 6.47) 0.274
Missouri 4.73 (3.99 - 5.61) 4.69 (3.95 - 5.55) 0.879
Central 4.92 (3.74 - 6.45) 4.65 (3.51 - 6.14) 0.596
Eastern 4.74 (3.83 - 5.85) 4.70 (3.76 - 5.85) 0.909
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 4.15 (3.18 - 5.38) 4.26 (3.25 - 5.56) 0.796
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 5.83 (4.44 - 7.63) 5.48 (4.12 - 7.25) 0.529
Northwest 4.47 (3.54 - 5.63) 4.65 (3.72 - 5.80) 0.646
Northwest (Jackson) 4.15 (3.09 - 5.55) 4.36 (3.29 - 5.76) 0.650
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 4.75 (3.59 - 6.25) 4.90 (3.73 - 6.41) 0.757
Southeast 4.83 (3.71 - 6.27) 4.55 (3.40 - 6.06) 0.566
Southwest 4.90 (3.76 - 6.35) 4.86 (3.70 - 6.36) 0.942
Montana 5.40 (4.61 - 6.30) 5.08 (4.27 - 6.03) 0.381
Region 1 4.76 (3.51 - 6.42) 4.80 (3.54 - 6.48) 0.928
Region 2 4.89 (3.75 - 6.36) 4.59 (3.44 - 6.09) 0.554
Region 3 4.78 (3.71 - 6.15) 4.30 (3.23 - 5.71) 0.337
Region 4 5.28 (4.25 - 6.54) 5.34 (4.23 - 6.72) 0.903
Region 5 6.30 (5.09 - 7.79) 5.65 (4.41 - 7.22) 0.285
Nebraska 3.60 (2.95 - 4.39) 3.72 (3.06 - 4.51) 0.690
Regions 1 and 2 3.72 (2.80 - 4.92) 3.60 (2.73 - 4.74) 0.745
Region 1 3.78 (2.70 - 5.26) 3.59 (2.57 - 5.00) 0.646
Region 2 3.66 (2.62 - 5.10) 3.62 (2.59 - 5.03) 0.906
Region 3 3.60 (2.65 - 4.88) 3.70 (2.72 - 5.00) 0.810
Region 4 3.48 (2.56 - 4.72) 3.48 (2.53 - 4.76) 0.998
Region 5 4.09 (3.13 - 5.34) 3.92 (3.01 - 5.10) 0.689
Region 6 3.30 (2.55 - 4.27) 3.69 (2.84 - 4.78) 0.287
Nevada 6.32 (5.26 - 7.57) 6.31 (5.22 - 7.62) 0.996
Clark 6.31 (5.13 - 7.74) 6.45 (5.21 - 7.96) 0.825
Rural 6.85 (5.17 - 9.01) 5.81 (4.21 - 7.96) 0.165
Washoe 5.90 (4.53 - 7.64) 6.13 (4.53 - 8.24) 0.734
New Hampshire 5.11 (4.31 - 6.05) 5.42 (4.56 - 6.45) 0.412
Central 5.37 (4.34 - 6.63) 5.71 (4.55 - 7.15) 0.488
Central 1 5.23b (3.96 - 6.88) 6.25 (4.74 - 8.21) 0.087
Central 2 5.51 (4.24 - 7.12) 5.20 (3.91 - 6.88) 0.596
Northern 5.48 (4.15 - 7.20) 5.49 (4.10 - 7.32) 0.977
Southern 4.90 (4.04 - 5.94) 5.27 (4.30 - 6.44) 0.396
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 4.75 (3.71 - 6.07) 5.04 (3.83 - 6.62) 0.558
Southern 2 4.99 (3.96 - 6.27) 5.41 (4.27 - 6.83) 0.419
New Jersey 3.37 (2.72 - 4.17) 3.85 (3.15 - 4.69) 0.108
Central 3.52 (2.62 - 4.72) 4.16 (3.14 - 5.49) 0.110
Metropolitan 3.26 (2.42 - 4.36) 3.81 (2.83 - 5.12) 0.180
Northern 3.07 (2.28 - 4.12) 3.42 (2.58 - 4.53) 0.364
Southern 3.80 (2.86 - 5.04) 4.16 (3.16 - 5.47) 0.393
New Mexico 5.97 (4.98 - 7.14) 5.76 (4.81 - 6.89) 0.653
Region 1 5.54 (4.26 - 7.17) 5.25 (4.02 - 6.82) 0.640
Region 2 6.06 (4.46 - 8.19) 5.38 (3.99 - 7.23) 0.317
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 6.17 (4.86 - 7.80) 6.41 (4.96 - 8.24) 0.728
Region 4 6.04 (4.57 - 7.93) 5.60 (4.15 - 7.51) 0.493
Region 5 6.00 (4.57 - 7.82) 5.65 (4.28 - 7.43) 0.604
New York 4.16 (3.70 - 4.67) 4.43 (3.97 - 4.94) 0.241
Region A 3.60 (3.05 - 4.23) 3.92 (3.35 - 4.59) 0.242
Region 1 3.20a (2.39 - 4.27) 4.08 (3.07 - 5.39) 0.037
Region 2 3.65 (2.93 - 4.53) 3.57 (2.86 - 4.46) 0.843
Region 3 4.10 (3.13 - 5.37) 4.85 (3.63 - 6.46) 0.176
Region 4 3.39 (2.60 - 4.41) 3.59 (2.76 - 4.65) 0.618
Region B 4.25 (3.63 - 4.98) 4.40 (3.77 - 5.12) 0.632
Region 5 4.49 (3.65 - 5.50) 4.29 (3.48 - 5.27) 0.624
Region 6 3.51 (2.65 - 4.63) 4.06 (3.15 - 5.22) 0.178
Region 7 4.64 (3.61 - 5.96) 5.27 (4.16 - 6.66) 0.183
Region C 4.72 (4.12 - 5.41) 5.08 (4.46 - 5.79) 0.217
Region 8 4.70 (3.69 - 5.97) 5.09 (4.03 - 6.42) 0.415
Region 9 4.67 (3.71 - 5.87) 5.09 (4.01 - 6.45) 0.359
Region 10 5.12 (3.99 - 6.55) 5.87 (4.56 - 7.53) 0.147
Region 11 4.44 (3.52 - 5.59) 5.14 (4.06 - 6.47) 0.126
Region 12 4.88 (3.90 - 6.09) 4.71 (3.76 - 5.89) 0.714
Region D 5.08 (4.27 - 6.02) 5.22 (4.43 - 6.15) 0.679
Region 13 4.84 (3.74 - 6.25) 5.35 (4.10 - 6.97) 0.321
Region 14 4.73 (3.64 - 6.14) 5.28 (4.14 - 6.72) 0.256
Region 15 5.62 (4.37 - 7.19) 5.04 (3.93 - 6.45) 0.263
North Carolina 4.91 (4.15 - 5.81) 4.73 (3.95 - 5.65) 0.561
CenterPoint/Guilford 4.86 (3.81 - 6.18) 4.69 (3.60 - 6.08) 0.706
CenterPoint 4.86 (3.64 - 6.47) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 4.85 (3.53 - 6.63) 4.56 (3.28 - 6.31) 0.593
Durham 4.13 (3.16 - 5.38) 3.93 (2.97 - 5.19) 0.628
East Carolina 5.16 (3.84 - 6.90) 5.21 (3.77 - 7.16) 0.925
Eastpointe 4.69 (3.48 - 6.28) 4.84 (3.51 - 6.64) 0.777
ECCS 5.85 (4.46 - 7.65) 5.65 (4.19 - 7.59) 0.728
Mecklenburg 4.48 (3.39 - 5.89) 4.03 (2.96 - 5.47) 0.344
Pathways 5.20 (3.95 - 6.81) 5.22 (3.88 - 6.99) 0.969
PBH 5.25 (4.00 - 6.86) 4.99 (3.72 - 6.67) 0.632
Sandhills 4.92 (3.64 - 6.61) 4.80 (3.51 - 6.55) 0.831
Smoky Mountain 5.22 (3.86 - 7.03) 4.91 (3.56 - 6.72) 0.576
Western Highlands 5.33 (3.94 - 7.18) 4.77 (3.44 - 6.58) 0.320
North Dakota 3.82 (3.17 - 4.59) 3.88 (3.21 - 4.68) 0.834
Badlands and West Central 3.82 (2.94 - 4.96) 3.72 (2.82 - 4.90) 0.796
Lake Region and South Central 3.36 (2.48 - 4.53) 3.57 (2.60 - 4.89) 0.581
North Central and Northwest 3.72 (2.80 - 4.94) 3.44 (2.57 - 4.60) 0.471
Northeast 3.97 (3.00 - 5.24) 4.55 (3.45 - 5.98) 0.192
Southeast 4.04 (3.16 - 5.17) 4.12 (3.20 - 5.29) 0.862
Ohio 5.44 (4.99 - 5.94) 5.45 (4.96 - 5.98) 0.985
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 5.68 (4.55 - 7.07) 4.96 (3.94 - 6.23) 0.166
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.41 (4.25 - 6.87) 5.18 (4.02 - 6.65) 0.639
Boards 4 and 78 5.39 (4.23 - 6.86) 5.12 (3.89 - 6.72) 0.605
Boards 5 and 60 5.98 (4.77 - 7.46) 5.85 (4.62 - 7.40) 0.813
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 5.11 (4.04 - 6.43) 4.89 (3.76 - 6.33) 0.667
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.65 (4.48 - 7.12) 5.49 (4.27 - 7.03) 0.758
Board 9 (Butler) 5.58 (4.40 - 7.05) 6.16 (4.79 - 7.91) 0.283
Board 12 6.02 (4.84 - 7.47) 5.72 (4.47 - 7.29) 0.584
Boards 18 and 47 4.53 (3.74 - 5.48) 4.88 (4.02 - 5.91) 0.408
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.37 (4.25 - 6.77) 5.19 (4.01 - 6.70) 0.719
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 5.41 (4.32 - 6.75) 5.38 (4.20 - 6.87) 0.957
Boards 22, 74, and 87 5.80 (4.57 - 7.33) 5.73 (4.48 - 7.30) 0.894
Boards 23 and 45 5.50 (4.36 - 6.91) 5.55 (4.26 - 7.20) 0.927
Board 25 (Franklin) 6.62 (5.50 - 7.94) 6.33 (5.17 - 7.73) 0.619
Boards 27, 71, and 73 5.82 (4.61 - 7.31) 5.86 (4.56 - 7.50) 0.933
Boards 28, 43, and 67 5.88 (4.71 - 7.30) 5.29 (4.21 - 6.63) 0.264
Board 31 (Hamilton) 4.89 (3.94 - 6.04) 5.23 (4.09 - 6.66) 0.495
Board 48 (Lucas) 4.99 (3.93 - 6.30) 5.55 (4.32 - 7.11) 0.270
Boards 50 and 76 5.30 (4.25 - 6.60) 5.89 (4.59 - 7.54) 0.295
Board 57 (Montgomery) 6.07 (4.84 - 7.58) 5.62 (4.38 - 7.17) 0.440
Board 77 (Summit) 4.78 (3.78 - 6.03) 5.05 (3.96 - 6.40) 0.582
Oklahoma 7.32 (6.19 - 8.63) 7.26 (6.12 - 8.60) 0.914
Central 7.57 (5.81 - 9.81) 8.11 (6.21 - 10.52) 0.513
East Central 7.76 (5.88 - 10.18) 7.16 (5.35 - 9.51) 0.464
Northeast 6.84 (5.19 - 8.96) 6.89 (5.17 - 9.11) 0.953
Northwest and Southwest 6.97 (5.26 - 9.18) 7.40 (5.56 - 9.81) 0.599
Oklahoma County 7.94b (6.14 - 10.21) 6.53 (4.92 - 8.61) 0.092
Southeast 7.02 (5.37 - 9.13) 7.42 (5.59 - 9.79) 0.622
Tulsa County 7.05 (5.47 - 9.05) 7.63 (5.75 - 10.05) 0.481
Oregon 5.90a (5.02 - 6.93) 6.89 (5.84 - 8.12) 0.029
Region 1 (Multnomah) 6.12b (4.70 - 7.94) 7.52 (5.63 - 9.98) 0.077
Region 2 5.70 (4.41 - 7.34) 6.44 (4.94 - 8.36) 0.249
Region 3 5.99a (4.85 - 7.37) 7.23 (5.85 - 8.91) 0.045
Region 4 5.95 (4.56 - 7.72) 6.47 (4.82 - 8.64) 0.462
Region 5 (Central) 6.12 (4.50 - 8.28) 6.68 (4.88 - 9.08) 0.435
Region 6 (Eastern) 5.29 (3.92 - 7.09) 6.19 (4.55 - 8.37) 0.164
Pennsylvania 4.24 (3.82 - 4.71) 4.36 (3.89 - 4.87) 0.618
Region 1 (Allegheny) 4.58 (3.70 - 5.65) 4.46 (3.60 - 5.53) 0.798
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 4.04 (3.16 - 5.17) 4.37 (3.38 - 5.64) 0.430
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 4.33 (3.42 - 5.48) 4.17 (3.23 - 5.36) 0.699
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.48 (3.47 - 5.77) 4.44 (3.35 - 5.85) 0.920
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 4.69 (3.73 - 5.88) 4.91 (3.88 - 6.20) 0.620
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 4.24 (3.53 - 5.09) 4.66 (3.82 - 5.69) 0.283
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 4.63 (3.60 - 5.93) 4.57 (3.55 - 5.87) 0.890
Regions 17 and 21 4.20 (3.29 - 5.35) 4.34 (3.30 - 5.68) 0.742
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 3.97 (3.14 - 5.02) 4.00 (3.11 - 5.14) 0.943
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.28 (3.38 - 5.41) 4.40 (3.40 - 5.70) 0.778
Regions 29 and 34 3.93 (3.01 - 5.13) 3.99 (3.02 - 5.26) 0.896
Regions 30 and 50 4.20 (3.31 - 5.32) 4.18 (3.25 - 5.37) 0.962
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 3.90 (3.15 - 4.83) 4.01 (3.19 - 5.03) 0.784
Rhode Island 6.14 (5.17 - 7.27) 5.83 (4.84 - 7.00) 0.524
Bristol and Newport 6.67 (4.96 - 8.90) 5.62 (4.15 - 7.56) 0.121
Kent 5.96 (4.54 - 7.78) 5.87 (4.32 - 7.92) 0.893
Providence 6.14 (5.02 - 7.49) 5.72 (4.59 - 7.10) 0.482
Washington 5.78 (4.40 - 7.56) 6.49 (4.85 - 8.64) 0.288
South Carolina 4.49 (3.74 - 5.38) 4.66 (3.88 - 5.58) 0.603
Region 1 4.87 (3.69 - 6.40) 4.51 (3.43 - 5.90) 0.476
Region 2 4.31 (3.39 - 5.47) 4.61 (3.58 - 5.92) 0.517
Region 3 4.62 (3.52 - 6.03) 4.83 (3.56 - 6.51) 0.675
Region 4 4.23 (3.23 - 5.51) 4.75 (3.61 - 6.23) 0.256
South Dakota 3.51 (2.90 - 4.24) 3.66 (2.99 - 4.46) 0.562
Region 1 3.64 (2.73 - 4.84) 3.45 (2.56 - 4.63) 0.613
Region 2 3.23 (2.46 - 4.22) 3.82 (2.92 - 4.99) 0.105
Region 3 3.69 (2.80 - 4.85) 3.58 (2.68 - 4.78) 0.775
Region 4 3.88 (2.88 - 5.22) 3.68 (2.70 - 4.99) 0.572
Region 5 3.43 (2.50 - 4.69) 3.45 (2.48 - 4.79) 0.952
Region 6 3.30 (2.42 - 4.50) 3.46 (2.43 - 4.91) 0.701
Region 7 3.57 (2.66 - 4.77) 3.88 (2.83 - 5.31) 0.447
Tennessee 6.61a (5.62 - 7.77) 4.71 (3.93 - 5.64) 0.000
Region 1 6.91a (5.21 - 9.10) 5.18 (3.84 - 6.97) 0.009
Region 2 7.40a (5.83 - 9.34) 4.48 (3.35 - 5.98) 0.000
Region 3 6.62a (5.13 - 8.50) 5.23 (3.96 - 6.87) 0.025
Region 4 (Davidson) 6.16a (4.58 - 8.24) 4.45 (3.29 - 5.98) 0.004
Region 5 7.23a (5.70 - 9.14) 4.73 (3.63 - 6.15) 0.000
Region 6 6.01 (4.50 - 8.00) 5.14 (3.80 - 6.92) 0.149
Region 7 (Shelby) 5.18a (3.81 - 7.01) 4.01 (2.95 - 5.44) 0.026
Texas 4.57 (4.12 - 5.07) 4.46 (4.02 - 4.95) 0.629
Region 1 5.74 (4.54 - 7.24) 5.12 (4.00 - 6.53) 0.220
Region 2 4.73 (3.58 - 6.22) 4.67 (3.57 - 6.09) 0.902
Region 3 4.56 (3.92 - 5.30) 4.60 (3.91 - 5.40) 0.898
Region 3a 4.61 (3.84 - 5.52) 4.54 (3.69 - 5.56) 0.868
Region 3bc 4.47 (3.57 - 5.59) 4.71 (3.82 - 5.80) 0.585
Region 4 4.73 (3.72 - 5.99) 4.50 (3.47 - 5.82) 0.603
Region 5 4.85 (3.73 - 6.28) 4.47 (3.41 - 5.83) 0.429
Region 6 4.49 (3.77 - 5.34) 3.99 (3.33 - 4.77) 0.164
Region 6a 4.50 (3.73 - 5.41) 3.92 (3.22 - 4.77) 0.136
Region 6bc 4.46 (3.38 - 5.86) 4.53 (3.43 - 5.96) 0.870
Region 7 5.41 (4.53 - 6.44) 5.34 (4.45 - 6.39) 0.873
Region 7a 5.67 (4.52 - 7.08) 5.43 (4.29 - 6.85) 0.687
Region 7bcd 4.99 (3.92 - 6.33) 5.18 (4.09 - 6.54) 0.683
Region 8 4.24 (3.42 - 5.24) 4.61 (3.67 - 5.79) 0.361
Region 9 4.65 (3.57 - 6.03) 5.06 (3.87 - 6.60) 0.396
Region 10 3.74 (2.81 - 4.95) 4.17 (3.13 - 5.53) 0.348
Region 11 3.64 (2.94 - 4.49) 3.50 (2.81 - 4.36) 0.676
Region 11abd 3.52 (2.70 - 4.59) 3.51 (2.66 - 4.61) 0.964
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.86 (2.93 - 5.08) 3.49 (2.65 - 4.60) 0.362
Utah 4.90 (4.14 - 5.79) 4.71 (3.98 - 5.56) 0.560
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 5.02 (3.84 - 6.54) 4.67 (3.51 - 6.19) 0.453
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.31 (3.20 - 5.76) 4.20 (3.12 - 5.64) 0.805
Davis County 4.86 (3.66 - 6.42) 4.59 (3.45 - 6.07) 0.565
Salt Lake County 5.02 (3.99 - 6.30) 4.81 (3.79 - 6.10) 0.671
Utah County 4.93 (3.80 - 6.37) 5.21 (4.08 - 6.64) 0.556
Weber, Morgan 5.03b (3.74 - 6.74) 4.15 (3.05 - 5.62) 0.060
Vermont 4.72 (3.98 - 5.58) 4.69 (3.92 - 5.61) 0.943
Champlain Valley 4.74 (3.85 - 5.83) 4.82 (3.87 - 6.00) 0.864
Rural Northeast 4.95 (3.82 - 6.40) 4.73 (3.63 - 6.14) 0.649
Rural Southeast 4.69 (3.57 - 6.14) 4.57 (3.39 - 6.13) 0.812
Rural Southwest 4.34 (3.26 - 5.77) 4.48 (3.31 - 6.05) 0.777
Virginia 4.87 (4.06 - 5.84) 4.76 (3.97 - 5.69) 0.739
Region 1 5.05 (3.87 - 6.57) 5.02 (3.81 - 6.59) 0.953
Region 2 4.17 (3.10 - 5.58) 4.14 (3.11 - 5.49) 0.953
Region 3 5.57 (4.32 - 7.15) 5.15 (3.93 - 6.74) 0.458
Region 4 4.86 (3.71 - 6.33) 4.99 (3.77 - 6.59) 0.790
Region 5 5.03 (3.79 - 6.64) 4.82 (3.67 - 6.30) 0.698
Washington 6.50 (5.51 - 7.64) 6.27 (5.28 - 7.41) 0.612
Region 1 6.74 (5.50 - 8.24) 6.41 (5.08 - 8.05) 0.543
East 1 (previously Region 1) 6.90 (5.43 - 8.74) 6.71 (5.07 - 8.83) 0.784
East 2 (previously Region 2) 6.52 (4.95 - 8.55) 5.99 (4.39 - 8.12) 0.438
Region 2 6.18 (5.03 - 7.58) 5.66 (4.56 - 7.01) 0.343
North 1 (previously Region 3) 6.21 (4.72 - 8.12) 6.17 (4.62 - 8.21) 0.957
North 2 (previously Region 4) 6.16 (4.82 - 7.85) 5.36 (4.15 - 6.90) 0.212
Region 3 6.78 (5.52 - 8.30) 7.01 (5.65 - 8.66) 0.704
West 1 (previously Region 5) 6.82 (5.24 - 8.84) 7.56 (5.76 - 9.85) 0.339
West 2 (previously Region 6) 6.74 (5.25 - 8.61) 6.50 (4.93 - 8.52) 0.747
West Virginia 5.40 (4.59 - 6.34) 5.68 (4.80 - 6.71) 0.492
Region I 5.31 (3.97 - 7.07) 5.63 (4.15 - 7.58) 0.587
Region II 5.16 (3.96 - 6.69) 5.59 (4.13 - 7.52) 0.476
Region III 5.00 (3.75 - 6.63) 5.00 (3.72 - 6.69) 0.996
Region IV 5.99 (4.75 - 7.52) 5.90 (4.58 - 7.57) 0.880
Region V 5.72 (4.54 - 7.18) 6.26 (4.91 - 7.96) 0.385
Region VI 4.67 (3.58 - 6.08) 4.97 (3.75 - 6.57) 0.595
Wisconsin 5.80a (4.90 - 6.85) 4.83 (4.02 - 5.78) 0.008
Milwaukee 5.35 (4.09 - 6.97) 4.70 (3.47 - 6.34) 0.246
Northeastern 5.29 (4.06 - 6.87) 4.68 (3.61 - 6.06) 0.239
Northern 5.86a (4.37 - 7.82) 4.41 (3.23 - 6.00) 0.010
Southeastern 6.49a (5.04 - 8.33) 4.88 (3.77 - 6.30) 0.003
Southern 5.88 (4.60 - 7.48) 4.95 (3.71 - 6.57) 0.105
Western 5.96 (4.60 - 7.71) 5.21 (3.98 - 6.79) 0.161
Wyoming 4.43 (3.75 - 5.24) 4.20 (3.50 - 5.02) 0.428
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.22 (3.23 - 5.50) 4.09 (3.04 - 5.47) 0.763
Judicial District 2 4.82 (3.70 - 6.25) 5.06 (3.84 - 6.64) 0.614
Judicial District 3 4.65 (3.58 - 6.02) 4.16 (3.17 - 5.44) 0.287
Judicial District 4 4.15 (3.04 - 5.65) 3.88 (2.81 - 5.34) 0.555
Judicial District 5 4.33 (3.26 - 5.72) 3.80 (2.81 - 5.12) 0.224
Judicial District 6 4.35 (3.33 - 5.67) 4.14 (3.10 - 5.50) 0.626
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 5.01 (3.86 - 6.49) 4.74 (3.56 - 6.30) 0.612
Judicial District 8 3.80 (2.80 - 5.15) 3.67 (2.65 - 5.08) 0.759
Judicial District 9 4.22 (3.17 - 5.59) 4.01 (2.92 - 5.47) 0.644
120709
Table 8 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 51.19b (50.71 - 51.66) 51.65 (51.18 - 52.12) 0.090
Northeast 56.12 (55.27 - 56.96) 56.68 (55.65 - 57.72) 0.264
Midwest 53.91 (53.24 - 54.58) 54.43 (53.55 - 55.31) 0.219
South 47.33 (46.71 - 47.96) 47.59 (46.73 - 48.45) 0.568
West 50.69 (49.84 - 51.54) 51.42 (50.35 - 52.48) 0.176
Alabama 40.80 (38.26 - 43.40) 42.67 (39.98 - 45.41) 0.162
Region 1 39.17 (34.65 - 43.88) 39.92 (35.58 - 44.42) 0.726
Region 2 40.79a (36.94 - 44.76) 45.21 (41.06 - 49.43) 0.028
Region 3 44.14 (39.12 - 49.28) 43.42 (38.57 - 48.39) 0.743
Region 4 40.19 (35.57 - 44.99) 41.85 (37.25 - 46.59) 0.462
Alaska 54.06 (51.51 - 56.59) 53.72 (50.88 - 56.52) 0.799
Anchorage 56.85 (53.26 - 60.36) 56.84 (53.04 - 60.56) 0.998
Northern 47.70b (43.16 - 52.29) 44.02 (39.55 - 48.58) 0.065
South Central 54.05 (49.46 - 58.57) 56.53 (51.33 - 61.59) 0.270
Southeast 55.88 (49.20 - 62.36) 53.86 (48.04 - 59.58) 0.427
Arizona 51.97b (49.22 - 54.70) 49.38 (46.37 - 52.39) 0.083
Maricopa 53.65a (50.33 - 56.94) 49.66 (46.05 - 53.27) 0.034
Pima 53.68 (48.26 - 59.02) 53.09 (47.37 - 58.74) 0.801
Rural North 48.88 (42.92 - 54.87) 50.79 (44.93 - 56.63) 0.439
Rural South 44.60 (38.31 - 51.07) 42.22 (36.22 - 48.46) 0.338
Arkansas 43.39 (40.81 - 46.02) 41.89 (39.21 - 44.62) 0.250
Catchment Area 1 50.72 (45.28 - 56.13) 47.31 (42.07 - 52.60) 0.144
Catchment Area 2 41.17 (35.28 - 47.33) 38.12 (32.69 - 43.85) 0.206
Catchment Area 3 41.02 (35.65 - 46.61) 39.56 (34.54 - 44.81) 0.530
Catchment Area 4 42.54a (36.37 - 48.95) 37.09 (31.50 - 43.05) 0.026
Catchment Area 5 44.92 (40.21 - 49.72) 43.53 (38.71 - 48.48) 0.532
Catchment Area 6 37.96 (31.70 - 44.65) 36.41 (30.73 - 42.50) 0.530
Catchment Area 7 40.42 (34.13 - 47.05) 37.24 (31.56 - 43.29) 0.180
Catchment Area 8 43.58 (38.53 - 48.77) 46.80 (41.81 - 51.85) 0.170
California 49.44 (48.10 - 50.78) 50.20 (48.69 - 51.71) 0.336
Region 1R 52.93 (47.24 - 58.54) 55.97 (50.44 - 61.35) 0.186
Region 2R 56.25 (51.20 - 61.17) 54.71 (49.54 - 59.78) 0.470
Region 3R (Sacramento) 52.51 (47.91 - 57.06) 49.94 (44.85 - 55.02) 0.216
Region 4R 59.58 (54.34 - 64.60) 57.45 (52.48 - 62.28) 0.348
Region 5R (San Francisco) 55.55a (49.29 - 61.65) 61.21 (55.48 - 66.64) 0.016
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 48.25b (43.30 - 53.24) 51.86 (47.25 - 56.45) 0.095
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 54.86 (49.36 - 60.25) 55.39 (50.10 - 60.55) 0.805
Region 8R (Alameda) 51.08 (45.78 - 56.35) 53.34 (48.39 - 58.21) 0.285
Region 9R (San Mateo) 57.10 (50.89 - 63.09) 57.83 (52.32 - 63.16) 0.748
Region 10 51.29 (46.01 - 56.54) 54.33 (49.26 - 59.31) 0.161
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 45.95 (43.84 - 48.08) 46.88 (44.68 - 49.09) 0.380
LA SPA 1 and 5 55.83 (50.17 - 61.34) 56.09 (50.41 - 61.62) 0.903
LA SPA 2 45.46 (40.87 - 50.13) 48.74 (44.12 - 53.38) 0.116
LA SPA 3 45.41 (40.83 - 50.08) 44.97 (40.53 - 49.49) 0.829
LA SPA 4 43.74 (38.46 - 49.16) 47.08 (42.17 - 52.04) 0.132
LA SPA 6 34.73 (29.49 - 40.37) 37.45 (32.51 - 42.67) 0.208
LA SPA 7 44.71 (39.84 - 49.69) 43.24 (38.52 - 48.09) 0.477
LA SPA 8 50.44 (45.64 - 55.23) 49.10 (44.15 - 54.07) 0.533
Region 12R 50.79 (44.86 - 56.70) 50.35 (44.56 - 56.13) 0.846
Regions 13 and 19R 46.38 (42.13 - 50.68) 45.80 (41.72 - 49.93) 0.754
Region 13 (Riverside) 47.00 (42.45 - 51.59) 46.29 (41.93 - 50.71) 0.724
Region 19R (Imperial) 38.75 (31.93 - 46.04) 39.40 (34.18 - 44.88) 0.780
Region 14 (Orange) 51.26 (47.15 - 55.36) 52.83 (49.21 - 56.41) 0.398
Region 15R (Fresno) 43.26 (37.91 - 48.77) 42.61 (37.54 - 47.85) 0.758
Region 16R (San Diego) 55.23 (51.45 - 58.94) 54.34 (50.74 - 57.90) 0.606
Region 17R 44.37 (39.79 - 49.06) 45.20 (40.79 - 49.69) 0.691
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 40.04a (35.91 - 44.31) 45.42 (41.36 - 49.54) 0.006
Region 20R 45.82 (40.54 - 51.20) 43.90 (38.61 - 49.34) 0.352
Region 21R 54.45b (49.11 - 59.69) 50.24 (44.81 - 55.66) 0.065
Colorado 60.12b (57.47 - 62.71) 62.54 (59.86 - 65.14) 0.055
Region 1 63.24 (58.14 - 68.05) 62.13 (56.67 - 67.30) 0.601
Regions 2 and 7 61.74a (58.41 - 64.96) 65.57 (62.22 - 68.77) 0.018
Region 3 55.55 (49.81 - 61.16) 59.09 (54.05 - 63.95) 0.125
Region 4 45.85 (38.84 - 53.03) 46.94 (40.44 - 53.54) 0.672
Regions 5 and 6 61.73 (55.50 - 67.59) 60.32 (54.44 - 65.92) 0.555
Connecticut 61.54 (58.98 - 64.05) 59.54 (56.81 - 62.21) 0.139
Eastern 59.38 (53.70 - 64.82) 56.42 (50.54 - 62.12) 0.202
North Central 60.79 (56.44 - 64.97) 59.17 (54.95 - 63.25) 0.423
Northwestern 57.80 (52.84 - 62.61) 59.80 (54.96 - 64.45) 0.350
South Central 64.50 (60.09 - 68.68) 61.17 (56.60 - 65.56) 0.107
Southwest 63.85b (58.82 - 68.59) 59.85 (54.76 - 64.74) 0.064
Delaware 54.80 (52.15 - 57.43) 56.54 (53.61 - 59.43) 0.211
Kent 51.06 (45.79 - 56.30) 53.26 (47.77 - 58.67) 0.354
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 59.06 (55.49 - 62.54) 60.03 (56.34 - 63.60) 0.602
Sussex 50.05b (45.00 - 55.09) 54.52 (49.44 - 59.51) 0.054
Wilmington City 48.72 (42.11 - 55.37) 47.60 (41.75 - 53.51) 0.661
District of Columbia 60.73 (58.03 - 63.37) 62.40 (59.62 - 65.10) 0.208
Ward 1 64.72 (58.58 - 70.41) 64.57 (59.20 - 69.60) 0.953
Ward 2 78.42 (73.76 - 82.45) 77.90 (72.97 - 82.15) 0.792
Ward 3 81.28 (76.69 - 85.14) 79.00 (74.64 - 82.79) 0.183
Ward 4 55.17 (49.06 - 61.13) 57.58 (51.54 - 63.40) 0.345
Ward 5 50.70b (44.64 - 56.74) 54.84 (48.87 - 60.69) 0.099
Ward 6 60.65 (54.36 - 66.61) 64.29 (59.05 - 69.21) 0.122
Ward 7 43.86 (38.24 - 49.64) 47.79 (42.57 - 53.06) 0.106
Ward 8 42.82 (37.63 - 48.17) 46.06 (40.58 - 51.63) 0.173
Florida 52.42b (50.99 - 53.85) 51.01 (49.50 - 52.52) 0.088
Region A - Northwest 50.48 (46.66 - 54.29) 50.42 (47.01 - 53.82) 0.969
Circuit 1 50.55 (44.84 - 56.25) 50.14 (45.12 - 55.16) 0.858
Circuit 2 53.61 (47.59 - 59.52) 54.26 (48.84 - 59.59) 0.771
Circuit 14 46.23 (40.28 - 52.29) 46.06 (40.20 - 52.03) 0.942
Region B - Northeast 53.03 (50.11 - 55.92) 51.96 (48.91 - 54.98) 0.427
Circuits 3 and 8 50.66b (45.28 - 56.02) 47.02 (42.23 - 51.87) 0.097
Circuit 4 54.70 (50.19 - 59.15) 54.73 (50.23 - 59.16) 0.989
Circuit 7 52.43 (47.25 - 57.55) 51.61 (46.54 - 56.65) 0.710
Region C - Central 51.09 (48.73 - 53.44) 50.16 (47.94 - 52.39) 0.427
Circuit 5 47.84 (42.92 - 52.80) 48.21 (43.76 - 52.69) 0.866
Circuit 9 49.85 (45.73 - 53.97) 52.10 (48.12 - 56.05) 0.247
Circuit 10 47.36a (41.81 - 52.98) 42.57 (37.74 - 47.54) 0.032
Circuit 18 57.67 (53.08 - 62.14) 54.51 (49.92 - 59.02) 0.139
Circuit 19 52.97 (47.46 - 58.42) 51.11 (45.52 - 56.67) 0.452
Region D - Southeast 55.61 (52.92 - 58.27) 53.25 (50.32 - 56.17) 0.102
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 57.05 (52.69 - 61.31) 54.75 (50.25 - 59.18) 0.279
Circuit 17 (Broward) 54.54 (51.15 - 57.89) 52.14 (48.55 - 55.70) 0.175
Region E - Sun Coast 53.67 (51.20 - 56.12) 53.87 (51.31 - 56.42) 0.870
Circuit 6 51.60 (47.28 - 55.90) 52.64 (48.23 - 57.01) 0.624
Circuit 12 55.84 (49.95 - 61.57) 56.12 (50.55 - 61.53) 0.907
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 50.04 (45.80 - 54.28) 51.29 (47.50 - 55.07) 0.508
Circuit 20 58.44 (53.50 - 63.22) 56.43 (51.71 - 61.04) 0.360
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 49.21a (45.54 - 52.89) 43.96 (40.56 - 47.42) 0.003
Georgia 46.51 (43.80 - 49.24) 47.79 (45.12 - 50.47) 0.351
Region 1 46.28 (41.80 - 50.83) 48.45 (44.03 - 52.90) 0.320
Region 2 45.03 (39.42 - 50.76) 45.35 (39.87 - 50.95) 0.889
Region 3 51.25 (46.66 - 55.83) 52.67 (48.39 - 56.91) 0.517
Region 4 40.87 (34.37 - 47.69) 43.11 (37.10 - 49.33) 0.353
Region 5 39.14b (33.60 - 44.99) 43.23 (37.62 - 49.02) 0.091
Region 6 46.15 (40.29 - 52.12) 43.57 (38.25 - 49.04) 0.278
Hawaii 47.18 (44.28 - 50.10) 47.89 (45.08 - 50.71) 0.643
Hawaii Island 50.49 (44.67 - 56.31) 51.88 (46.26 - 57.46) 0.575
Honolulu 46.22 (42.80 - 49.67) 46.74 (43.57 - 49.93) 0.772
Kauai and Maui 48.70 (43.41 - 54.02) 49.55 (44.46 - 54.64) 0.684
Kauai 48.02 (40.37 - 55.77) 48.73 (41.61 - 55.90) 0.795
Maui 49.00 (42.73 - 55.30) 49.91 (44.05 - 55.77) 0.715
Idaho 43.72a (41.27 - 46.21) 46.52 (43.84 - 49.23) 0.036
Region 1 53.77 (48.13 - 59.31) 54.51 (48.83 - 60.07) 0.764
Region 2 51.97 (45.17 - 58.70) 51.12 (44.70 - 57.51) 0.728
Region 3 35.58a (30.66 - 40.83) 40.20 (35.31 - 45.29) 0.038
Region 4 52.61 (48.15 - 57.03) 54.31 (50.03 - 58.53) 0.428
Region 5 42.05 (36.37 - 47.96) 42.94 (37.38 - 48.69) 0.716
Region 6 34.70a (29.22 - 40.61) 40.20 (34.93 - 45.72) 0.017
Region 7 26.67a (22.40 - 31.42) 33.52 (28.62 - 38.80) 0.003
Illinois 53.10 (51.68 - 54.51) 54.26 (52.76 - 55.74) 0.143
Region I (Cook) 52.17a (49.87 - 54.47) 54.78 (52.37 - 57.17) 0.041
Region II 56.58 (54.33 - 58.81) 57.17 (54.83 - 59.48) 0.635
Region III 53.92 (50.62 - 57.19) 52.14 (49.00 - 55.25) 0.296
Region IV 49.97 (45.73 - 54.20) 49.20 (45.24 - 53.18) 0.698
Region V 46.88 (43.27 - 50.53) 48.40 (44.91 - 51.91) 0.409
Indiana 48.98 (46.39 - 51.59) 48.16 (45.46 - 50.87) 0.522
Central 50.84 (46.21 - 55.45) 48.51 (43.94 - 53.10) 0.278
East 43.53 (36.80 - 50.50) 39.52 (33.43 - 45.96) 0.116
North Central 49.21 (43.89 - 54.55) 51.48 (46.14 - 56.78) 0.321
Northeast 48.52 (42.46 - 54.62) 49.24 (43.69 - 54.80) 0.752
Northwest 50.14 (44.48 - 55.79) 49.33 (43.59 - 55.09) 0.728
Southeast 45.77 (40.14 - 51.52) 44.98 (39.59 - 50.48) 0.744
Southwest 46.93 (40.82 - 53.13) 43.67 (37.63 - 49.90) 0.188
West 52.59 (47.11 - 58.00) 53.84 (48.77 - 58.84) 0.585
Iowa 53.43b (50.87 - 55.96) 55.92 (53.34 - 58.47) 0.052
Central 56.46a (51.55 - 61.25) 61.26 (56.61 - 65.72) 0.023
North Central 51.31 (45.68 - 56.90) 54.10 (48.58 - 59.52) 0.246
Northeast 57.83 (53.16 - 62.36) 59.82 (55.53 - 63.96) 0.335
Northwest 51.44 (46.29 - 56.57) 50.81 (45.43 - 56.17) 0.791
Southeast 50.51 (45.81 - 55.20) 53.49 (49.14 - 57.77) 0.147
Southwest 49.13 (43.04 - 55.25) 52.27 (46.26 - 58.21) 0.229
Kansas 51.65 (49.04 - 54.25) 53.80 (50.92 - 56.66) 0.116
Kansas City Metro 58.65 (54.73 - 62.46) 60.24 (56.53 - 63.84) 0.377
Northeast 51.05 (46.05 - 56.04) 53.11 (47.84 - 58.32) 0.361
South Central 46.01 (39.87 - 52.28) 49.46 (43.19 - 55.75) 0.161
Southeast 42.94 (36.42 - 49.72) 45.21 (38.47 - 52.13) 0.364
West 46.21 (39.97 - 52.56) 45.65 (39.87 - 51.55) 0.824
Wichita (Sedgwick) 50.15 (44.93 - 55.36) 53.78 (48.65 - 58.83) 0.105
Kentucky 40.50 (37.96 - 43.09) 39.03 (36.39 - 41.74) 0.253
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 30.78 (26.03 - 35.98) 27.98 (23.77 - 32.61) 0.149
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 47.67 (43.52 - 51.85) 46.47 (42.35 - 50.64) 0.547
Communicare and River Valley 40.13 (34.01 - 46.58) 36.87 (31.11 - 43.02) 0.197
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 35.31 (29.49 - 41.60) 35.63 (30.23 - 41.43) 0.895
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 27.74 (23.24 - 32.74) 26.65 (22.18 - 31.65) 0.598
Seven Counties 47.99 (43.25 - 52.77) 47.02 (42.08 - 52.03) 0.658
Louisiana 49.63a (46.94 - 52.32) 46.97 (44.32 - 49.64) 0.043
Regions 1 and 3 52.27a (46.77 - 57.71) 47.02 (41.86 - 52.25) 0.030
Regions 2 and 9 50.81 (46.52 - 55.08) 50.30 (46.19 - 54.41) 0.799
Regions 4, 5, and 6 47.05a (42.51 - 51.64) 41.79 (37.44 - 46.28) 0.013
Regions 7 and 8 45.26 (40.32 - 50.30) 45.89 (41.41 - 50.44) 0.774
Region 10 (Jefferson) 57.37b (51.22 - 63.30) 53.37 (47.23 - 59.41) 0.085
Maine 53.01 (50.34 - 55.67) 55.34 (52.49 - 58.16) 0.103
Aroostook/Downeast 46.42 (40.41 - 52.53) 50.39 (44.99 - 55.79) 0.123
Central 44.27a (38.45 - 50.26) 51.44 (45.82 - 57.02) 0.004
Cumberland 58.73 (53.92 - 63.38) 61.72 (57.00 - 66.24) 0.159
Midcoast 52.69b (46.43 - 58.87) 57.60 (51.81 - 63.18) 0.058
Penquis 50.80 (45.23 - 56.35) 52.86 (47.08 - 58.56) 0.401
Western 53.86 (48.23 - 59.39) 52.23 (47.21 - 57.21) 0.492
York 59.25 (53.66 - 64.61) 57.21 (51.28 - 62.94) 0.406
Maryland 54.98 (52.36 - 57.57) 53.02 (49.95 - 56.06) 0.148
Anne Arundel 59.45 (53.75 - 64.89) 59.19 (53.26 - 64.87) 0.910
Baltimore City 44.66 (39.10 - 50.35) 42.46 (36.71 - 48.43) 0.374
Baltimore County 59.81a (54.15 - 65.21) 53.19 (46.87 - 59.41) 0.007
Montgomery 58.51 (53.14 - 63.68) 55.67 (50.20 - 61.01) 0.211
North Central 62.24 (56.11 - 68.00) 60.73 (54.95 - 66.23) 0.511
Northeast 58.74 (52.07 - 65.11) 55.30 (49.13 - 61.32) 0.160
Prince George's 47.74 (42.37 - 53.15) 49.58 (43.66 - 55.51) 0.446
South 50.17 (44.19 - 56.16) 50.73 (44.86 - 56.58) 0.825
West 56.67 (50.50 - 62.64) 53.90 (47.80 - 59.89) 0.257
Massachusetts 60.89 (58.31 - 63.42) 62.26 (59.64 - 64.81) 0.253
Boston 58.54 (52.40 - 64.42) 57.73 (51.83 - 63.41) 0.723
Central 60.44 (54.66 - 65.94) 61.68 (56.58 - 66.54) 0.582
Metrowest 63.47a (59.04 - 67.69) 68.29 (64.05 - 72.24) 0.009
Northeast 58.50 (53.62 - 63.22) 61.43 (56.66 - 65.99) 0.173
Southeast 62.72 (57.55 - 67.61) 60.60 (55.87 - 65.14) 0.331
Western 59.73 (54.42 - 64.82) 60.09 (55.16 - 64.83) 0.860
Michigan 55.00 (53.68 - 56.31) 54.55 (53.07 - 56.01) 0.560
Detroit City 40.12 (36.19 - 44.19) 39.90 (36.03 - 43.91) 0.905
Genesee 50.95 (46.22 - 55.66) 53.86 (49.15 - 58.49) 0.151
Kalamazoo 54.16 (49.64 - 58.61) 51.63 (47.59 - 55.65) 0.227
Kent 51.95a (47.45 - 56.42) 57.07 (52.79 - 61.24) 0.010
Lakeshore 53.99 (49.63 - 58.29) 53.07 (49.06 - 57.04) 0.635
Macomb 57.85 (54.01 - 61.60) 58.90 (55.11 - 62.60) 0.560
Mid South 57.27a (53.73 - 60.73) 53.02 (49.29 - 56.71) 0.024
Northern 55.89 (51.91 - 59.80) 56.30 (52.26 - 60.26) 0.833
Oakland 60.58 (57.20 - 63.87) 60.21 (56.80 - 63.53) 0.823
Pathways and Western 59.29a (53.96 - 64.40) 54.45 (49.28 - 59.54) 0.035
Riverhaven 53.51 (47.99 - 58.95) 54.61 (49.60 - 59.53) 0.634
Saginaw 54.75 (49.37 - 60.02) 52.36 (47.27 - 57.39) 0.258
Southeast 54.99 (51.61 - 58.32) 53.59 (50.19 - 56.95) 0.419
St. Clair 56.70 (50.92 - 62.31) 55.80 (51.00 - 60.49) 0.690
Washtenaw 61.98 (57.38 - 66.38) 62.08 (57.94 - 66.06) 0.957
Minnesota 61.85 (59.23 - 64.41) 61.17 (58.48 - 63.79) 0.604
Regions 1 and 2 62.78b (56.49 - 68.66) 58.44 (52.65 - 64.02) 0.075
Regions 3 and 4 60.96 (56.25 - 65.48) 60.27 (55.51 - 64.84) 0.752
Regions 5 and 6 58.26 (53.11 - 63.22) 57.46 (52.68 - 62.11) 0.729
Region 7A (Hennepin) 63.50 (58.42 - 68.30) 64.79 (60.30 - 69.04) 0.534
Region 7B (Ramsey) 58.31 (51.92 - 64.43) 55.10 (49.38 - 60.69) 0.199
Region 7C 65.17 (60.96 - 69.16) 65.28 (60.78 - 69.51) 0.958
Mississippi 36.95a (34.40 - 39.58) 40.09 (37.45 - 42.79) 0.020
Region 1 37.34 (32.74 - 42.19) 40.29 (35.71 - 45.06) 0.177
Region 2 33.07 (27.87 - 38.71) 36.56 (31.17 - 42.30) 0.114
Region 3 33.08 (28.23 - 38.30) 34.12 (29.57 - 39.00) 0.617
Region 4 40.93b (36.31 - 45.73) 44.77 (40.31 - 49.32) 0.074
Region 5 31.44a (25.99 - 37.45) 38.47 (32.84 - 44.41) 0.003
Region 6 37.61a (32.16 - 43.39) 43.84 (38.21 - 49.62) 0.008
Region 7 40.68 (35.61 - 45.96) 40.95 (35.70 - 46.41) 0.915
Missouri 49.88 (47.30 - 52.46) 50.35 (47.56 - 53.14) 0.727
Central 49.76 (44.84 - 54.69) 51.18 (45.87 - 56.46) 0.536
Eastern 54.10 (50.24 - 57.91) 52.59 (48.85 - 56.30) 0.381
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 52.34 (47.52 - 57.11) 52.23 (47.68 - 56.74) 0.959
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 57.34b (51.50 - 62.97) 53.21 (47.60 - 58.75) 0.072
Northwest 49.85 (45.65 - 54.04) 51.26 (47.12 - 55.39) 0.438
Northwest (Jackson) 49.35 (43.92 - 54.79) 50.53 (45.35 - 55.70) 0.602
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 50.28 (44.38 - 56.18) 51.89 (46.37 - 57.36) 0.506
Southeast 42.85 (37.23 - 48.66) 44.36 (38.72 - 50.15) 0.538
Southwest 45.66 (40.36 - 51.06) 47.61 (42.40 - 52.87) 0.418
Montana 57.49 (54.96 - 59.99) 58.99 (56.27 - 61.65) 0.270
Region 1 50.60 (43.53 - 57.64) 52.99 (46.87 - 59.04) 0.351
Region 2 51.48 (46.10 - 56.82) 51.97 (46.60 - 57.29) 0.833
Region 3 54.07 (49.46 - 58.61) 55.83 (51.27 - 60.30) 0.401
Region 4 60.74a (56.47 - 64.86) 65.17 (61.04 - 69.09) 0.032
Region 5 61.63 (57.51 - 65.59) 60.54 (56.24 - 64.68) 0.603
Nebraska 54.94 (52.11 - 57.74) 54.23 (51.49 - 56.95) 0.620
Regions 1 and 2 53.01 (47.55 - 58.40) 51.33 (45.91 - 56.72) 0.428
Region 1 49.67 (42.74 - 56.62) 48.95 (42.12 - 55.82) 0.781
Region 2 55.89 (48.56 - 62.98) 53.35 (46.34 - 60.24) 0.362
Region 3 53.72b (47.35 - 59.98) 49.19 (43.61 - 54.79) 0.077
Region 4 52.35 (46.45 - 58.19) 50.72 (44.72 - 56.69) 0.516
Region 5 55.71 (51.02 - 60.30) 56.26 (51.82 - 60.59) 0.796
Region 6 56.12 (51.97 - 60.18) 56.34 (52.52 - 60.09) 0.911
Nevada 52.35 (49.39 - 55.30) 54.22 (51.13 - 57.29) 0.225
Clark 51.29 (47.76 - 54.80) 52.87 (49.32 - 56.40) 0.389
Rural 55.54 (49.72 - 61.20) 56.99 (51.13 - 62.66) 0.552
Washoe 54.44 (49.08 - 59.71) 58.09 (52.89 - 63.10) 0.113
New Hampshire 62.90 (60.38 - 65.35) 64.33 (61.66 - 66.92) 0.251
Central 62.27 (58.25 - 66.12) 62.99 (59.13 - 66.69) 0.688
Central 1 58.92a (53.50 - 64.13) 63.35 (58.34 - 68.09) 0.047
Central 2 65.45 (60.17 - 70.37) 62.65 (57.55 - 67.49) 0.239
Northern 63.32 (57.48 - 68.79) 62.57 (57.11 - 67.72) 0.743
Southern 63.11 (60.12 - 66.01) 65.37 (62.25 - 68.37) 0.117
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 66.61 (62.63 - 70.37) 68.54 (63.90 - 72.84) 0.321
Southern 2 60.94 (56.88 - 64.86) 63.41 (59.66 - 66.99) 0.183
New Jersey 55.19 (52.50 - 57.86) 54.98 (52.11 - 57.82) 0.880
Central 58.59 (53.61 - 63.39) 58.23 (53.29 - 63.01) 0.877
Metropolitan 52.19 (47.38 - 56.97) 51.13 (46.46 - 55.78) 0.639
Northern 53.97 (49.56 - 58.33) 55.35 (51.06 - 59.56) 0.510
Southern 56.64 (52.03 - 61.14) 55.11 (50.20 - 59.93) 0.481
New Mexico 45.71 (43.00 - 48.44) 46.40 (43.74 - 49.09) 0.602
Region 1 40.16 (35.67 - 44.82) 39.09 (34.93 - 43.41) 0.580
Region 2 49.07 (42.75 - 55.43) 49.01 (43.49 - 54.55) 0.979
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 47.98b (43.75 - 52.25) 51.85 (47.71 - 55.97) 0.064
Region 4 41.68 (36.39 - 47.16) 42.66 (37.20 - 48.31) 0.658
Region 5 47.74 (42.41 - 53.12) 45.61 (40.72 - 50.59) 0.354
New York 55.29 (53.78 - 56.78) 55.68 (54.06 - 57.28) 0.647
Region A 50.60 (48.30 - 52.89) 50.95 (48.65 - 53.24) 0.763
Region 1 45.51 (40.44 - 50.68) 46.29 (41.40 - 51.25) 0.729
Region 2 49.75 (46.22 - 53.28) 51.05 (47.54 - 54.55) 0.470
Region 3 61.63 (56.92 - 66.14) 60.40 (55.71 - 64.90) 0.541
Region 4 46.49 (42.39 - 50.63) 46.45 (42.31 - 50.65) 0.988
Region B 60.23 (57.78 - 62.63) 62.11 (59.80 - 64.36) 0.128
Region 5 61.79a (58.38 - 65.09) 65.04 (62.00 - 67.96) 0.049
Region 6 58.10 (53.55 - 62.52) 58.24 (54.05 - 62.33) 0.945
Region 7 58.46 (53.34 - 63.41) 58.67 (54.43 - 62.79) 0.919
Region C 58.01 (55.85 - 60.14) 57.53 (55.29 - 59.75) 0.675
Region 8 60.62 (56.33 - 64.76) 60.27 (56.13 - 64.28) 0.860
Region 9 56.53 (52.07 - 60.89) 55.28 (50.67 - 59.81) 0.548
Region 10 61.14 (55.99 - 66.05) 59.43 (54.13 - 64.51) 0.456
Region 11 52.94 (48.74 - 57.11) 55.28 (51.20 - 59.30) 0.243
Region 12 60.35 (56.30 - 64.26) 58.31 (54.06 - 62.44) 0.299
Region D 55.79 (52.46 - 59.07) 54.24 (50.96 - 57.49) 0.287
Region 13 58.51 (53.14 - 63.69) 58.42 (52.73 - 63.89) 0.968
Region 14 55.72 (50.21 - 61.08) 54.68 (49.77 - 59.51) 0.646
Region 15 53.44 (47.82 - 58.97) 50.06 (44.92 - 55.21) 0.138
North Carolina 44.57a (41.91 - 47.26) 48.23 (45.51 - 50.96) 0.005
CenterPoint/Guilford 46.76 (41.60 - 51.99) 48.48 (43.60 - 53.38) 0.399
CenterPoint 42.41 (35.89 - 49.20) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 51.68 (44.45 - 58.83) 52.84 (46.81 - 58.79) 0.641
Durham 46.59a (41.98 - 51.27) 53.04 (48.53 - 57.50) 0.002
East Carolina 42.99b (36.61 - 49.61) 47.05 (40.76 - 53.44) 0.093
Eastpointe 37.71 (31.58 - 44.26) 40.31 (34.38 - 46.53) 0.271
ECCS 49.80 (42.79 - 56.82) 50.63 (44.20 - 57.04) 0.747
Mecklenburg 48.14 (42.20 - 54.13) 51.54 (46.15 - 56.89) 0.165
Pathways 43.82 (37.72 - 50.11) 47.53 (42.11 - 53.00) 0.139
PBH 43.98a (38.36 - 49.76) 49.93 (44.12 - 55.74) 0.015
Sandhills 40.41 (33.67 - 47.54) 42.37 (35.96 - 49.06) 0.443
Smoky Mountain 41.34 (34.70 - 48.30) 42.65 (36.28 - 49.26) 0.616
Western Highlands 45.88 (38.65 - 53.29) 47.30 (40.77 - 53.92) 0.601
North Dakota 59.11 (56.55 - 61.63) 58.54 (55.88 - 61.15) 0.669
Badlands and West Central 58.92 (54.48 - 63.22) 57.14 (52.58 - 61.58) 0.403
Lake Region and South Central 50.45 (44.64 - 56.25) 51.62 (45.78 - 57.41) 0.656
North Central and Northwest 53.61 (48.40 - 58.74) 55.85 (51.00 - 60.59) 0.325
Northeast 59.45 (54.36 - 64.35) 60.53 (55.50 - 65.34) 0.619
Southeast 67.57b (63.55 - 71.34) 64.38 (60.79 - 67.81) 0.082
Ohio 51.52 (50.19 - 52.84) 52.21 (50.69 - 53.73) 0.376
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 46.09 (41.41 - 50.83) 47.97 (43.54 - 52.43) 0.385
Boards 3, 52, and 85 55.63 (50.26 - 60.87) 54.86 (49.45 - 60.16) 0.740
Boards 4 and 78 46.86 (41.09 - 52.71) 50.10 (44.45 - 55.74) 0.183
Boards 5 and 60 42.10a (37.40 - 46.95) 46.91 (42.07 - 51.80) 0.030
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 42.02a (37.07 - 47.13) 46.65 (41.75 - 51.62) 0.041
Boards 8, 13, and 83 51.16 (46.09 - 56.20) 53.72 (48.68 - 58.69) 0.220
Board 9 (Butler) 51.36b (45.83 - 56.85) 55.37 (50.22 - 60.41) 0.068
Board 12 54.14 (48.85 - 59.35) 53.72 (48.80 - 58.57) 0.849
Boards 18 and 47 53.19 (49.91 - 56.44) 53.75 (50.37 - 57.09) 0.740
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 53.51 (47.94 - 58.99) 52.06 (46.70 - 57.37) 0.525
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 50.20 (45.34 - 55.05) 50.24 (45.53 - 54.95) 0.985
Boards 22, 74, and 87 57.00 (51.24 - 62.58) 53.44 (48.31 - 58.51) 0.114
Boards 23 and 45 51.70 (46.71 - 56.65) 53.74 (48.65 - 58.75) 0.362
Board 25 (Franklin) 57.45 (53.62 - 61.20) 55.61 (52.04 - 59.13) 0.306
Boards 27, 71, and 73 36.27 (31.58 - 41.24) 39.90 (35.09 - 44.93) 0.113
Boards 28, 43, and 67 57.42 (52.83 - 61.88) 59.70 (55.35 - 63.91) 0.244
Board 31 (Hamilton) 54.74 (50.29 - 59.12) 54.62 (50.21 - 58.96) 0.951
Board 48 (Lucas) 53.33 (48.19 - 58.39) 50.76 (45.80 - 55.71) 0.242
Boards 50 and 76 47.01 (42.19 - 51.88) 49.72 (45.11 - 54.34) 0.203
Board 57 (Montgomery) 51.66 (46.88 - 56.40) 48.79 (44.01 - 53.60) 0.156
Board 77 (Summit) 55.85 (51.13 - 60.47) 56.26 (51.82 - 60.61) 0.839
Oklahoma 42.10a (39.37 - 44.89) 45.12 (42.30 - 47.98) 0.027
Central 41.28a (35.67 - 47.12) 47.14 (41.65 - 52.70) 0.014
East Central 40.66 (34.66 - 46.96) 43.34 (37.44 - 49.45) 0.284
Northeast 41.77 (35.76 - 48.04) 44.85 (39.48 - 50.34) 0.199
Northwest and Southwest 41.44 (35.68 - 47.44) 43.25 (37.77 - 48.89) 0.459
Oklahoma County 47.15 (41.73 - 52.63) 47.64 (42.41 - 52.94) 0.827
Southeast 36.32a (31.13 - 41.85) 41.46 (36.17 - 46.95) 0.030
Tulsa County 43.72 (38.97 - 48.59) 47.00 (42.10 - 51.95) 0.120
Oregon 57.68a (54.96 - 60.35) 60.67 (57.91 - 63.36) 0.020
Region 1 (Multnomah) 61.14 (56.02 - 66.03) 64.01 (59.05 - 68.69) 0.175
Region 2 59.58 (54.88 - 64.12) 62.87 (58.31 - 67.21) 0.123
Region 3 56.29a (52.07 - 60.42) 60.76 (56.71 - 64.67) 0.024
Region 4 53.17 (47.32 - 58.95) 55.07 (49.54 - 60.49) 0.428
Region 5 (Central) 64.38 (57.35 - 70.83) 63.83 (57.45 - 69.76) 0.824
Region 6 (Eastern) 52.01 (44.61 - 59.31) 52.05 (45.73 - 58.30) 0.987
Pennsylvania 52.98b (51.53 - 54.43) 54.45 (52.82 - 56.07) 0.081
Region 1 (Allegheny) 58.21 (54.51 - 61.82) 60.93 (57.25 - 64.49) 0.148
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 52.16 (47.48 - 56.80) 51.20 (46.47 - 55.92) 0.658
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 52.38 (47.87 - 56.86) 54.16 (49.83 - 58.43) 0.385
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 47.03 (41.54 - 52.59) 50.42 (44.85 - 55.98) 0.153
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 54.64 (50.45 - 58.77) 54.01 (49.71 - 58.24) 0.745
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 61.77 (58.83 - 64.62) 60.57 (57.62 - 63.45) 0.441
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 49.30 (43.98 - 54.63) 49.65 (44.89 - 54.42) 0.877
Regions 17 and 21 53.92 (48.62 - 59.14) 54.82 (49.53 - 60.01) 0.683
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 48.76 (44.38 - 53.16) 51.34 (47.23 - 55.44) 0.184
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 49.06a (44.62 - 53.51) 53.63 (49.12 - 58.07) 0.033
Regions 29 and 34 52.05 (46.71 - 57.34) 54.38 (49.41 - 59.27) 0.315
Regions 30 and 50 53.57 (48.88 - 58.20) 54.61 (49.74 - 59.39) 0.633
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 44.21b (40.74 - 47.73) 47.50 (43.82 - 51.20) 0.069
Rhode Island 61.50 (58.76 - 64.16) 60.38 (57.43 - 63.26) 0.437
Bristol and Newport 67.42b (61.57 - 72.77) 63.48 (57.81 - 68.80) 0.076
Kent 61.90 (56.37 - 67.14) 60.58 (54.98 - 65.92) 0.585
Providence 58.93 (55.42 - 62.36) 58.23 (54.49 - 61.88) 0.710
Washington 67.15 (62.08 - 71.86) 67.23 (62.09 - 72.00) 0.969
South Carolina 46.61 (44.00 - 49.24) 45.57 (42.79 - 48.39) 0.455
Region 1 41.57 (36.73 - 46.57) 43.97 (39.40 - 48.63) 0.299
Region 2 47.55 (43.58 - 51.54) 44.96 (40.98 - 49.01) 0.196
Region 3 43.77 (38.77 - 48.90) 43.52 (38.27 - 48.91) 0.912
Region 4 52.56 (48.01 - 57.06) 49.28 (44.58 - 54.00) 0.152
South Dakota 57.38 (54.78 - 59.95) 58.42 (55.81 - 60.99) 0.424
Region 1 56.48 (51.36 - 61.46) 57.17 (52.14 - 62.05) 0.759
Region 2 63.57 (59.42 - 67.53) 63.66 (59.38 - 67.73) 0.967
Region 3 56.60 (51.41 - 61.65) 58.35 (53.70 - 62.87) 0.422
Region 4 57.75 (51.31 - 63.93) 55.73 (49.49 - 61.79) 0.394
Region 5 55.09 (48.93 - 61.10) 54.10 (48.46 - 59.63) 0.689
Region 6 51.74 (45.41 - 58.01) 54.83 (48.81 - 60.71) 0.209
Region 7 52.93b (47.43 - 58.35) 57.03 (51.85 - 62.05) 0.068
Tennessee 41.63 (39.12 - 44.19) 41.40 (38.57 - 44.29) 0.872
Region 1 37.17 (31.60 - 43.10) 40.22 (34.79 - 45.91) 0.189
Region 2 41.95 (37.24 - 46.81) 43.00 (37.93 - 48.23) 0.657
Region 3 39.94 (34.85 - 45.25) 38.24 (33.46 - 43.26) 0.472
Region 4 (Davidson) 50.93 (44.36 - 57.46) 47.07 (41.21 - 53.01) 0.120
Region 5 44.16 (39.79 - 48.63) 41.81 (36.87 - 46.92) 0.316
Region 6 32.86b (27.49 - 38.72) 37.13 (31.80 - 42.79) 0.085
Region 7 (Shelby) 41.93 (36.54 - 47.52) 42.10 (36.75 - 47.64) 0.943
Texas 47.65 (46.25 - 49.04) 48.58 (47.08 - 50.09) 0.267
Region 1 48.81 (43.47 - 54.18) 48.87 (44.11 - 53.66) 0.978
Region 2 50.37b (44.17 - 56.57) 46.60 (41.39 - 51.88) 0.097
Region 3 48.18a (45.78 - 50.59) 51.81 (49.40 - 54.22) 0.005
Region 3a 47.74a (44.64 - 50.84) 51.38 (48.44 - 54.32) 0.025
Region 3bc 48.96b (45.34 - 52.59) 52.56 (48.93 - 56.17) 0.059
Region 4 40.24 (35.62 - 45.04) 42.66 (37.79 - 47.68) 0.287
Region 5 42.29b (37.08 - 47.69) 46.25 (41.24 - 51.35) 0.075
Region 6 48.37 (45.77 - 50.98) 49.28 (46.61 - 51.96) 0.512
Region 6a 48.08 (45.28 - 50.88) 49.35 (46.47 - 52.24) 0.401
Region 6bc 50.73 (44.94 - 56.51) 48.72 (43.36 - 54.10) 0.359
Region 7 55.18 (52.29 - 58.04) 53.99 (51.04 - 56.91) 0.391
Region 7a 58.96 (55.25 - 62.57) 56.69 (53.08 - 60.23) 0.191
Region 7bcd 49.14 (44.41 - 53.88) 49.51 (45.02 - 54.01) 0.856
Region 8 49.94 (46.13 - 53.74) 46.91 (43.24 - 50.61) 0.105
Region 9 39.64a (33.91 - 45.68) 43.94 (38.79 - 49.22) 0.046
Region 10 42.76 (37.21 - 48.50) 44.69 (39.69 - 49.81) 0.406
Region 11 39.46 (35.98 - 43.05) 37.48 (34.32 - 40.76) 0.212
Region 11abd 41.17 (36.79 - 45.70) 39.96 (35.95 - 44.11) 0.549
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 36.21b (31.17 - 41.56) 32.92 (28.44 - 37.73) 0.099
Utah 28.48 (26.07 - 31.02) 26.36 (23.99 - 28.89) 0.111
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 29.15a (24.47 - 34.32) 24.51 (20.07 - 29.58) 0.029
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 22.47 (18.07 - 27.59) 22.93 (18.64 - 27.86) 0.828
Davis County 27.68 (22.97 - 32.95) 28.72 (24.23 - 33.67) 0.637
Salt Lake County 34.00 (30.26 - 37.95) 31.08 (27.55 - 34.86) 0.129
Utah County 17.40 (13.99 - 21.44) 18.05 (14.92 - 21.68) 0.694
Weber, Morgan 35.38a (29.60 - 41.62) 27.67 (22.61 - 33.38) 0.002
Vermont 60.24 (57.65 - 62.78) 61.40 (58.85 - 63.89) 0.389
Champlain Valley 62.47a (58.86 - 65.95) 66.40 (62.79 - 69.83) 0.028
Rural Northeast 57.97 (52.82 - 62.95) 58.77 (53.93 - 63.44) 0.729
Rural Southeast 62.64 (57.84 - 67.19) 60.52 (55.71 - 65.13) 0.337
Rural Southwest 55.15 (49.49 - 60.68) 54.36 (49.05 - 59.56) 0.751
Virginia 52.40 (49.66 - 55.13) 51.39 (48.52 - 54.25) 0.454
Region 1 55.47 (50.60 - 60.24) 54.98 (50.07 - 59.80) 0.825
Region 2 55.07 (50.06 - 59.98) 52.11 (46.98 - 57.19) 0.214
Region 3 44.98 (39.92 - 50.14) 45.79 (40.89 - 50.77) 0.712
Region 4 52.00 (47.03 - 56.93) 52.36 (47.17 - 57.50) 0.868
Region 5 53.30 (48.14 - 58.39) 51.61 (46.91 - 56.29) 0.433
Washington 55.18 (52.50 - 57.84) 56.84 (54.14 - 59.49) 0.212
Region 1 52.36 (48.17 - 56.52) 53.31 (48.98 - 57.59) 0.616
East 1 (previously Region 1) 56.48 (50.91 - 61.90) 56.24 (50.90 - 61.43) 0.918
East 2 (previously Region 2) 46.69 (40.94 - 52.52) 49.31 (43.15 - 55.50) 0.288
Region 2 56.95a (53.30 - 60.53) 60.23 (56.75 - 63.62) 0.041
North 1 (previously Region 3) 52.39a (46.86 - 57.86) 59.18 (54.07 - 64.09) 0.003
North 2 (previously Region 4) 59.58 (55.05 - 63.96) 60.85 (56.53 - 65.01) 0.526
Region 3 54.58 (50.79 - 58.33) 54.46 (50.72 - 58.14) 0.943
West 1 (previously Region 5) 54.39 (49.14 - 59.54) 55.77 (50.69 - 60.73) 0.554
West 2 (previously Region 6) 54.77 (49.60 - 59.83) 53.25 (48.38 - 58.05) 0.512
West Virginia 38.05 (35.42 - 40.77) 39.61 (36.88 - 42.40) 0.263
Region I 42.83 (36.22 - 49.71) 43.37 (37.24 - 49.71) 0.834
Region II 38.60b (33.71 - 43.73) 42.71 (37.06 - 48.56) 0.087
Region III 35.35 (29.76 - 41.37) 37.19 (31.55 - 43.22) 0.450
Region IV 41.08 (36.44 - 45.89) 40.71 (36.09 - 45.50) 0.862
Region V 38.95 (34.35 - 43.76) 41.22 (36.94 - 45.63) 0.311
Region VI 32.16 (27.31 - 37.44) 33.09 (28.45 - 38.09) 0.667
Wisconsin 60.96 (58.40 - 63.46) 62.67 (59.98 - 65.28) 0.186
Milwaukee 55.23 (49.74 - 60.60) 57.28 (52.18 - 62.24) 0.346
Northeastern 66.18b (61.23 - 70.81) 62.10 (57.63 - 66.38) 0.058
Northern 60.01 (53.92 - 65.80) 63.57 (57.13 - 69.56) 0.144
Southeastern 62.75 (58.34 - 66.95) 65.50 (60.95 - 69.79) 0.169
Southern 60.86a (56.17 - 65.35) 65.78 (60.98 - 70.28) 0.017
Western 57.48 (51.76 - 63.00) 60.59 (55.79 - 65.18) 0.175
Wyoming 55.15 (52.44 - 57.83) 53.38 (50.56 - 56.18) 0.204
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 55.01 (49.49 - 60.41) 55.14 (49.67 - 60.49) 0.958
Judicial District 2 61.14a (55.68 - 66.33) 56.44 (50.83 - 61.89) 0.038
Judicial District 3 53.66a (48.37 - 58.88) 46.68 (41.59 - 51.85) 0.002
Judicial District 4 57.02 (49.98 - 63.79) 56.33 (49.98 - 62.47) 0.787
Judicial District 5 48.38 (42.38 - 54.43) 49.96 (44.29 - 55.63) 0.532
Judicial District 6 56.39 (50.73 - 61.89) 57.33 (51.77 - 62.71) 0.695
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 57.92 (52.42 - 63.23) 53.95 (48.45 - 59.36) 0.114
Judicial District 8 49.68 (42.34 - 57.03) 50.36 (43.78 - 56.93) 0.802
Judicial District 9 56.17 (50.28 - 61.90) 55.56 (49.81 - 61.15) 0.795
120709
Table 9 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Test of Differences between Percentages, 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2006-2008
(Estimate)
2006-2008
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECCS = Eastern Coastal Care System; PBH = Piedmont Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. A separate CenterPoint estimate is not being reported for 2008-2010 because of low precision. For more details, see Table 34 of the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: The 2006-2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates in the region definitions (using the 2008-2010 substate region definitions) and updates to the data. For details, see "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2006-2008 and 2008-2010 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2008 estimate and the 2008-2010 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
Total United States 23.29 (22.94 - 23.63) 23.37 (23.03 - 23.72) 0.590
Northeast 24.38 (23.69 - 25.07) 24.80 (24.10 - 25.51) 0.259
Midwest 26.01 (25.46 - 26.56) 25.72 (25.17 - 26.28) 0.356
South 21.92 (21.43 - 22.43) 21.70 (21.20 - 22.21) 0.410
West 21.95b (21.27 - 22.64) 22.65 (21.97 - 23.34) 0.052
Alabama 18.94 (17.15 - 20.88) 20.27 (18.43 - 22.24) 0.175
Region 1 17.49 (14.84 - 20.49) 18.44 (15.66 - 21.59) 0.504
Region 2 18.87b (16.38 - 21.65) 21.45 (18.55 - 24.66) 0.097
Region 3 20.86 (17.60 - 24.53) 22.47 (18.99 - 26.38) 0.348
Region 4 19.34 (16.54 - 22.49) 19.09 (16.00 - 22.62) 0.876
Alaska 23.13 (21.08 - 25.31) 24.04 (21.95 - 26.25) 0.405
Anchorage 24.21 (21.44 - 27.21) 26.53 (23.63 - 29.65) 0.132
Northern 23.14 (19.92 - 26.70) 21.12 (17.94 - 24.69) 0.228
South Central 21.44 (18.35 - 24.89) 23.21 (19.64 - 27.20) 0.298
Southeast 22.97 (18.94 - 27.56) 22.01 (18.03 - 26.59) 0.627
Arizona 23.31 (21.27 - 25.49) 23.14 (20.95 - 25.48) 0.873
Maricopa 23.12 (20.61 - 25.83) 22.66 (20.05 - 25.50) 0.747
Pima 23.60 (20.10 - 27.49) 24.72 (20.61 - 29.35) 0.564
Rural North 22.50 (18.89 - 26.56) 24.80 (20.68 - 29.43) 0.243
Rural South 24.65 (20.58 - 29.23) 21.96 (17.99 - 26.54) 0.154
Arkansas 21.61a (19.67 - 23.68) 19.43 (17.55 - 21.47) 0.025
Catchment Area 1 23.98a (20.44 - 27.92) 18.31 (15.14 - 21.97) 0.001
Catchment Area 2 20.99 (17.53 - 24.94) 18.96 (15.58 - 22.87) 0.226
Catchment Area 3 22.15 (18.77 - 25.94) 20.98 (17.42 - 25.03) 0.510
Catchment Area 4 22.38a (18.65 - 26.62) 18.32 (14.85 - 22.39) 0.023
Catchment Area 5 22.47 (19.38 - 25.89) 20.00 (16.85 - 23.57) 0.127
Catchment Area 6 20.93 (17.12 - 25.32) 18.28 (14.77 - 22.42) 0.131
Catchment Area 7 19.97 (16.29 - 24.25) 19.20 (15.57 - 23.44) 0.664
Catchment Area 8 19.72 (16.69 - 23.14) 20.20 (16.97 - 23.86) 0.761
California 21.41 (20.36 - 22.49) 22.33 (21.25 - 23.44) 0.101
Region 1R 22.43a (19.16 - 26.09) 26.49 (22.54 - 30.86) 0.018
Region 2R 22.67b (19.57 - 26.10) 25.87 (22.25 - 29.87) 0.051
Region 3R (Sacramento) 22.50 (19.46 - 25.86) 22.75 (19.49 - 26.37) 0.877
Region 4R 21.98 (18.87 - 25.43) 21.15 (17.86 - 24.85) 0.615
Region 5R (San Francisco) 22.22b (18.61 - 26.31) 25.85 (21.60 - 30.61) 0.079
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 19.74 (16.86 - 22.97) 20.17 (17.09 - 23.65) 0.777
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 21.04 (17.88 - 24.59) 21.19 (17.62 - 25.27) 0.927
Region 8R (Alameda) 19.11 (16.28 - 22.29) 20.66 (17.37 - 24.38) 0.326
Region 9R (San Mateo) 19.73 (16.43 - 23.50) 20.78 (17.28 - 24.77) 0.516
Region 10 22.13 (19.03 - 25.58) 23.50 (20.17 - 27.20) 0.388
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 20.49 (19.07 - 22.00) 21.29 (19.78 - 22.88) 0.287
LA SPA 1 and 5 21.03 (17.69 - 24.81) 23.18 (19.54 - 27.27) 0.201
LA SPA 2 19.04 (16.35 - 22.07) 19.81 (16.93 - 23.03) 0.595
LA SPA 3 20.17 (17.47 - 23.16) 20.67 (17.72 - 23.96) 0.730
LA SPA 4 21.47 (18.26 - 25.06) 23.31 (19.95 - 27.04) 0.261
LA SPA 6 19.18 (16.02 - 22.80) 20.64 (17.19 - 24.56) 0.335
LA SPA 7 21.48 (18.37 - 24.96) 23.01 (19.53 - 26.91) 0.358
LA SPA 8 21.73 (18.65 - 25.17) 20.18 (16.91 - 23.90) 0.368
Region 12R 22.67 (18.96 - 26.87) 22.55 (18.92 - 26.66) 0.945
Regions 13 and 19R 22.62 (19.90 - 25.60) 23.84 (20.75 - 27.23) 0.406
Region 13 (Riverside) 22.67 (19.77 - 25.86) 23.90 (20.61 - 27.53) 0.431
Region 19R (Imperial) 22.00 (17.96 - 26.66) 23.10 (19.30 - 27.38) 0.538
Region 14 (Orange) 20.70 (18.26 - 23.38) 20.49 (17.97 - 23.28) 0.877
Region 15R (Fresno) 20.66 (17.29 - 24.49) 21.68 (18.35 - 25.42) 0.539
Region 16R (San Diego) 24.41 (21.82 - 27.20) 24.89 (22.18 - 27.82) 0.732
Region 17R 22.94 (20.04 - 26.14) 23.19 (20.02 - 26.70) 0.881
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 20.14 (17.51 - 23.05) 21.81 (18.96 - 24.95) 0.256
Region 20R 21.42 (18.21 - 25.02) 23.10 (19.47 - 27.19) 0.313
Region 21R 22.94 (19.77 - 26.45) 23.85 (20.11 - 28.05) 0.583
Colorado 26.18 (24.08 - 28.39) 26.84 (24.68 - 29.12) 0.555
Region 1 27.40 (23.74 - 31.38) 26.73 (22.65 - 31.24) 0.729
Regions 2 and 7 27.22 (24.54 - 30.07) 28.30 (25.46 - 31.32) 0.476
Region 3 21.54 (18.15 - 25.37) 22.76 (19.20 - 26.76) 0.510
Region 4 22.34 (18.30 - 26.98) 23.80 (19.46 - 28.76) 0.456
Regions 5 and 6 27.58 (23.29 - 32.33) 26.57 (22.05 - 31.65) 0.649
Connecticut 25.74 (23.63 - 27.96) 26.48 (24.25 - 28.85) 0.503
Eastern 25.72 (21.90 - 29.94) 25.24 (21.29 - 29.65) 0.798
North Central 24.53 (21.31 - 28.06) 26.05 (22.65 - 29.75) 0.404
Northwestern 23.63 (20.21 - 27.43) 24.98 (21.29 - 29.07) 0.462
South Central 28.00 (24.53 - 31.75) 28.48 (24.69 - 32.61) 0.800
Southwest 26.69 (23.00 - 30.74) 26.85 (22.64 - 31.54) 0.938
Delaware 23.64 (21.55 - 25.86) 24.61 (22.38 - 26.99) 0.366
Kent 23.08 (19.73 - 26.80) 24.85 (21.06 - 29.09) 0.329
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 24.82 (22.19 - 27.65) 25.18 (22.32 - 28.27) 0.799
Sussex 21.61 (18.19 - 25.47) 23.93 (20.16 - 28.16) 0.229
Wilmington City 22.74 (18.82 - 27.21) 22.50 (18.47 - 27.12) 0.905
District of Columbia 29.47 (27.20 - 31.84) 29.93 (27.56 - 32.42) 0.699
Ward 1 34.16 (29.58 - 39.06) 34.33 (29.69 - 39.30) 0.945
Ward 2 42.40 (37.98 - 46.94) 39.10 (34.38 - 44.04) 0.176
Ward 3 33.42 (29.33 - 37.79) 34.48 (30.10 - 39.14) 0.611
Ward 4 24.55 (20.57 - 29.03) 25.18 (20.73 - 30.23) 0.768
Ward 5 24.33 (20.40 - 28.75) 26.40 (21.95 - 31.39) 0.319
Ward 6 27.97 (23.71 - 32.68) 30.13 (25.72 - 34.93) 0.322
Ward 7 22.57 (18.84 - 26.79) 23.06 (19.26 - 27.35) 0.795
Ward 8 22.70 (19.11 - 26.74) 23.54 (19.40 - 28.24) 0.651
Florida 22.88a (21.71 - 24.09) 21.31 (20.18 - 22.48) 0.014
Region A - Northwest 24.31b (21.94 - 26.84) 22.41 (20.15 - 24.84) 0.093
Circuit 1 24.07 (20.68 - 27.82) 21.72 (18.58 - 25.23) 0.148
Circuit 2 26.71 (23.03 - 30.74) 25.17 (21.27 - 29.51) 0.423
Circuit 14 21.74 (18.23 - 25.72) 20.43 (16.80 - 24.61) 0.443
Region B - Northeast 24.88a (22.82 - 27.06) 22.10 (19.95 - 24.40) 0.012
Circuits 3 and 8 27.35b (23.91 - 31.08) 24.08 (20.41 - 28.18) 0.077
Circuit 4 24.11 (21.12 - 27.36) 22.56 (19.32 - 26.17) 0.358
Circuit 7 24.26a (21.00 - 27.86) 20.27 (16.95 - 24.06) 0.021
Region C - Central 22.83a (21.14 - 24.61) 20.86 (19.23 - 22.59) 0.027
Circuit 5 21.94b (18.92 - 25.30) 19.19 (16.37 - 22.36) 0.075
Circuit 9 23.81 (20.91 - 26.97) 23.30 (20.20 - 26.73) 0.763
Circuit 10 21.22 (17.88 - 24.99) 19.22 (16.04 - 22.86) 0.234
Circuit 18 24.15 (21.13 - 27.45) 21.42 (18.27 - 24.94) 0.108
Circuit 19 21.94 (18.60 - 25.68) 19.44 (16.11 - 23.26) 0.140
Region D - Southeast 22.25 (20.18 - 24.46) 20.54 (18.45 - 22.79) 0.125
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 23.56a (20.57 - 26.84) 19.61 (16.47 - 23.19) 0.017
Circuit 17 (Broward) 21.28 (18.83 - 23.95) 21.23 (18.62 - 24.09) 0.972
Region E - Sun Coast 22.09 (20.38 - 23.89) 21.82 (20.02 - 23.74) 0.786
Circuit 6 20.78 (18.00 - 23.85) 20.57 (17.70 - 23.77) 0.898
Circuit 12 22.10 (18.66 - 25.97) 23.17 (19.12 - 27.78) 0.584
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 22.88 (20.05 - 25.98) 23.79 (20.77 - 27.11) 0.571
Circuit 20 22.90 (19.81 - 26.32) 20.51 (17.51 - 23.87) 0.130
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 22.39 (19.89 - 25.09) 20.77 (18.37 - 23.39) 0.226
Georgia 21.13 (19.18 - 23.22) 20.34 (18.37 - 22.46) 0.420
Region 1 21.73 (18.61 - 25.20) 21.12 (18.00 - 24.61) 0.698
Region 2 20.57 (17.34 - 24.23) 18.00 (14.79 - 21.73) 0.103
Region 3 21.08 (18.29 - 24.17) 20.14 (17.22 - 23.42) 0.547
Region 4 19.88 (15.96 - 24.47) 20.96 (16.89 - 25.71) 0.536
Region 5 21.72 (18.33 - 25.54) 22.13 (18.34 - 26.44) 0.820
Region 6 20.81 (17.22 - 24.93) 19.89 (16.52 - 23.76) 0.575
Hawaii 22.77 (20.58 - 25.12) 23.51 (21.30 - 25.86) 0.537
Hawaii Island 24.26 (20.46 - 28.51) 26.37 (22.11 - 31.13) 0.317
Honolulu 22.54 (20.08 - 25.21) 23.02 (20.47 - 25.79) 0.732
Kauai and Maui 22.53 (19.03 - 26.48) 23.17 (19.54 - 27.23) 0.707
Kauai 22.41 (17.91 - 27.66) 23.21 (18.64 - 28.49) 0.704
Maui 22.59 (18.59 - 27.16) 23.15 (18.94 - 27.97) 0.782
Idaho 19.67 (17.86 - 21.62) 20.88 (19.04 - 22.85) 0.210
Region 1 22.04 (18.52 - 26.03) 22.82 (18.93 - 27.23) 0.685
Region 2 23.98 (19.90 - 28.61) 23.16 (18.90 - 28.04) 0.669
Region 3 17.72 (14.76 - 21.12) 19.43 (16.38 - 22.89) 0.252
Region 4 21.63 (18.85 - 24.68) 23.56 (20.31 - 27.15) 0.257
Region 5 19.23 (15.94 - 23.01) 19.64 (15.94 - 23.95) 0.815
Region 6 18.14 (15.01 - 21.75) 18.49 (15.23 - 22.25) 0.822
Region 7 14.15 (11.64 - 17.09) 16.18 (13.23 - 19.63) 0.160
Illinois 26.34 (25.15 - 27.56) 26.24 (25.08 - 27.43) 0.881
Region I (Cook) 26.19 (24.35 - 28.12) 27.38 (25.49 - 29.35) 0.265
Region II 26.27 (24.49 - 28.14) 25.24 (23.37 - 27.21) 0.323
Region III 27.79 (25.36 - 30.35) 26.26 (23.82 - 28.84) 0.259
Region IV 27.14 (24.20 - 30.29) 25.46 (22.52 - 28.64) 0.306
Region V 24.85 (22.36 - 27.51) 25.43 (22.85 - 28.19) 0.688
Indiana 22.95 (21.03 - 24.99) 22.87 (20.90 - 24.98) 0.931
Central 21.50 (18.62 - 24.69) 22.03 (18.83 - 25.61) 0.737
East 22.42 (18.68 - 26.66) 20.27 (16.65 - 24.44) 0.210
North Central 21.94 (18.67 - 25.61) 22.80 (19.20 - 26.85) 0.614
Northeast 22.71 (19.06 - 26.82) 23.64 (19.83 - 27.93) 0.625
Northwest 22.84 (19.33 - 26.77) 23.28 (19.26 - 27.84) 0.815
Southeast 22.64 (19.09 - 26.63) 21.92 (18.24 - 26.11) 0.683
Southwest 23.69 (19.79 - 28.08) 22.70 (18.57 - 27.43) 0.607
West 28.23 (24.43 - 32.37) 26.92 (23.16 - 31.05) 0.485
Iowa 27.78 (25.77 - 29.89) 27.63 (25.58 - 29.78) 0.886
Central 26.94 (23.61 - 30.56) 26.29 (22.69 - 30.24) 0.729
North Central 28.03 (24.44 - 31.92) 27.44 (23.48 - 31.79) 0.742
Northeast 29.96 (26.53 - 33.63) 31.76 (28.09 - 35.67) 0.348
Northwest 27.69 (24.13 - 31.56) 25.40 (21.57 - 29.66) 0.237
Southeast 26.02 (22.79 - 29.53) 26.43 (23.04 - 30.12) 0.815
Southwest 27.55 (23.55 - 31.94) 26.28 (22.10 - 30.93) 0.527
Kansas 24.96 (22.98 - 27.06) 25.16 (23.04 - 27.40) 0.853
Kansas City Metro 26.36 (23.47 - 29.46) 26.37 (23.32 - 29.67) 0.993
Northeast 26.22 (22.76 - 29.99) 24.60 (20.81 - 28.83) 0.379
South Central 22.42 (18.71 - 26.61) 24.27 (19.99 - 29.13) 0.347
Southeast 24.38 (20.23 - 29.06) 23.74 (19.42 - 28.68) 0.747
West 25.71 (21.52 - 30.41) 24.34 (20.38 - 28.78) 0.488
Wichita (Sedgwick) 22.49 (19.34 - 25.99) 25.13 (21.41 - 29.27) 0.145
Kentucky 20.27 (18.43 - 22.24) 20.57 (18.66 - 22.62) 0.761
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 17.17 (14.20 - 20.62) 16.79 (13.86 - 20.20) 0.802
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 22.92 (20.07 - 26.04) 24.06 (20.96 - 27.45) 0.496
Communicare and River Valley 20.27 (16.93 - 24.07) 19.25 (15.65 - 23.45) 0.548
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 18.77 (15.39 - 22.69) 19.42 (15.96 - 23.41) 0.691
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 16.55 (13.76 - 19.78) 17.27 (14.05 - 21.06) 0.630
Seven Counties 21.87 (18.79 - 25.30) 21.83 (18.36 - 25.74) 0.983
Louisiana 24.47 (22.40 - 26.67) 23.06 (21.08 - 25.16) 0.162
Regions 1 and 3 26.60 (22.68 - 30.92) 23.71 (19.97 - 27.90) 0.149
Regions 2 and 9 23.99 (21.05 - 27.19) 24.51 (21.47 - 27.83) 0.747
Regions 4, 5, and 6 24.30b (21.19 - 27.70) 21.40 (18.21 - 24.98) 0.078
Regions 7 and 8 23.27 (19.94 - 26.97) 22.97 (19.60 - 26.73) 0.858
Region 10 (Jefferson) 25.13 (20.85 - 29.95) 22.60 (18.39 - 27.46) 0.246
Maine 22.04 (20.08 - 24.12) 22.68 (20.74 - 24.75) 0.528
Aroostook/Downeast 21.48 (18.18 - 25.21) 21.05 (17.63 - 24.94) 0.809
Central 18.41a (15.24 - 22.07) 21.86 (18.33 - 25.85) 0.047
Cumberland 24.06 (20.88 - 27.57) 25.39 (21.91 - 29.21) 0.462
Midcoast 20.49 (17.01 - 24.49) 21.17 (17.47 - 25.41) 0.710
Penquis 22.72 (19.53 - 26.25) 22.49 (18.97 - 26.45) 0.896
Western 20.98 (17.67 - 24.72) 21.26 (17.93 - 25.01) 0.873
York 24.46 (20.80 - 28.54) 23.68 (19.80 - 28.04) 0.686
Maryland 22.02 (20.06 - 24.10) 20.87 (18.73 - 23.18) 0.247
Anne Arundel 24.06 (20.36 - 28.19) 23.42 (19.48 - 27.89) 0.727
Baltimore City 22.72 (19.04 - 26.87) 20.91 (16.90 - 25.58) 0.362
Baltimore County 23.75b (20.21 - 27.71) 20.64 (16.89 - 24.99) 0.084
Montgomery 21.37 (18.08 - 25.08) 20.42 (16.87 - 24.51) 0.580
North Central 23.30 (19.35 - 27.78) 21.42 (17.59 - 25.83) 0.335
Northeast 23.36 (19.43 - 27.81) 20.61 (16.87 - 24.92) 0.121
Prince George's 18.27 (15.08 - 21.95) 19.01 (15.51 - 23.08) 0.657
South 20.31 (16.75 - 24.41) 21.41 (17.62 - 25.76) 0.531
West 23.15 (19.42 - 27.36) 21.68 (17.70 - 26.26) 0.408
Massachusetts 26.59 (24.56 - 28.73) 25.51 (23.58 - 27.55) 0.294
Boston 29.31 (25.19 - 33.80) 26.45 (22.33 - 31.03) 0.155
Central 28.23 (24.43 - 32.38) 25.42 (21.52 - 29.76) 0.132
Metrowest 24.47 (21.39 - 27.83) 23.97 (20.87 - 27.36) 0.761
Northeast 26.01 (22.67 - 29.67) 25.31 (21.84 - 29.12) 0.694
Southeast 26.00 (22.37 - 30.01) 25.15 (21.67 - 28.97) 0.638
Western 27.99 (24.23 - 32.08) 28.36 (24.50 - 32.57) 0.844
Michigan 24.98 (23.88 - 26.11) 25.71 (24.53 - 26.94) 0.246
Detroit City 21.07 (18.46 - 23.93) 21.80 (18.86 - 25.06) 0.621
Genesee 22.44 (19.37 - 25.84) 24.79 (21.35 - 28.59) 0.167
Kalamazoo 25.11 (22.19 - 28.28) 24.42 (21.34 - 27.78) 0.669
Kent 24.50a (21.54 - 27.72) 29.60 (25.95 - 33.54) 0.004
Lakeshore 23.96 (21.17 - 26.99) 24.95 (22.07 - 28.06) 0.513
Macomb 25.19 (22.43 - 28.17) 27.05 (23.91 - 30.44) 0.271
Mid South 28.03 (25.43 - 30.79) 25.69 (22.87 - 28.73) 0.140
Northern 24.82 (22.01 - 27.86) 26.37 (23.28 - 29.71) 0.345
Oakland 24.52 (22.13 - 27.09) 25.99 (23.24 - 28.95) 0.313
Pathways and Western 29.20 (25.54 - 33.14) 28.27 (24.51 - 32.36) 0.630
Riverhaven 26.32a (22.78 - 30.18) 31.66 (27.42 - 36.23) 0.009
Saginaw 25.70 (22.14 - 29.62) 24.49 (20.64 - 28.79) 0.518
Southeast 24.94 (22.57 - 27.47) 23.95 (21.30 - 26.83) 0.492
St. Clair 26.35 (22.66 - 30.41) 26.76 (23.11 - 30.76) 0.832
Washtenaw 25.96 (22.86 - 29.31) 25.35 (22.03 - 28.99) 0.729
Minnesota 29.06b (26.84 - 31.38) 27.14 (24.96 - 29.43) 0.081
Regions 1 and 2 30.76 (26.34 - 35.57) 27.38 (23.12 - 32.11) 0.130
Regions 3 and 4 29.93 (26.32 - 33.80) 28.71 (24.91 - 32.83) 0.530
Regions 5 and 6 30.74 (26.97 - 34.79) 27.86 (24.11 - 31.95) 0.150
Region 7A (Hennepin) 28.35 (24.51 - 32.54) 25.72 (21.93 - 29.91) 0.179
Region 7B (Ramsey) 25.69 (21.54 - 30.34) 22.77 (18.89 - 27.18) 0.132
Region 7C 28.27 (24.86 - 31.94) 28.36 (24.65 - 32.40) 0.958
Mississippi 18.85 (17.09 - 20.74) 19.80 (17.96 - 21.78) 0.279
Region 1 20.97 (17.89 - 24.43) 20.39 (17.44 - 23.69) 0.706
Region 2 18.26 (14.95 - 22.11) 19.81 (16.16 - 24.05) 0.358
Region 3 17.78 (14.78 - 21.25) 17.38 (14.23 - 21.05) 0.792
Region 4 17.97 (15.18 - 21.14) 19.37 (16.32 - 22.84) 0.361
Region 5 16.80 (13.68 - 20.46) 19.26 (15.50 - 23.68) 0.136
Region 6 18.78a (15.49 - 22.58) 22.30 (18.46 - 26.68) 0.047
Region 7 19.25 (16.25 - 22.65) 20.27 (16.84 - 24.18) 0.546
Missouri 24.24 (22.29 - 26.30) 23.74 (21.77 - 25.82) 0.607
Central 22.84 (19.53 - 26.52) 25.34 (21.42 - 29.70) 0.173
Eastern 25.48 (22.74 - 28.44) 24.03 (21.31 - 26.97) 0.286
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 23.66 (20.38 - 27.27) 22.37 (19.17 - 25.94) 0.440
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 28.84 (24.86 - 33.19) 26.94 (22.87 - 31.44) 0.336
Northwest 24.75 (21.96 - 27.77) 23.46 (20.66 - 26.51) 0.357
Northwest (Jackson) 23.29 (19.75 - 27.25) 22.87 (19.32 - 26.85) 0.816
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 26.03 (22.46 - 29.95) 23.97 (20.20 - 28.19) 0.268
Southeast 23.47 (20.01 - 27.33) 23.81 (19.93 - 28.16) 0.856
Southwest 22.33 (19.04 - 26.00) 22.07 (18.55 - 26.05) 0.886
Montana 27.26 (25.22 - 29.40) 27.71 (25.56 - 29.97) 0.686
Region 1 25.88 (21.69 - 30.56) 26.93 (22.54 - 31.83) 0.617
Region 2 23.55 (19.97 - 27.55) 24.53 (20.72 - 28.80) 0.604
Region 3 24.64 (21.47 - 28.11) 26.17 (22.46 - 30.25) 0.405
Region 4 30.31 (27.11 - 33.71) 31.75 (28.27 - 35.44) 0.411
Region 5 28.53 (25.41 - 31.87) 26.98 (23.54 - 30.73) 0.395
Nebraska 25.59 (23.51 - 27.79) 26.09 (23.97 - 28.32) 0.635
Regions 1 and 2 23.35 (20.02 - 27.03) 25.32 (21.72 - 29.29) 0.202
Region 1 21.43 (17.46 - 26.02) 24.21 (19.92 - 29.09) 0.146
Region 2 25.00 (20.64 - 29.93) 26.27 (21.42 - 31.77) 0.541
Region 3 25.64 (21.67 - 30.06) 23.16 (19.43 - 27.37) 0.188
Region 4 26.62 (22.67 - 30.97) 25.13 (20.91 - 29.88) 0.484
Region 5 27.77 (24.55 - 31.25) 28.01 (24.57 - 31.74) 0.888
Region 6 24.55 (21.73 - 27.60) 26.30 (23.28 - 29.57) 0.241
Nevada 24.67b (22.45 - 27.04) 26.72 (24.31 - 29.27) 0.099
Clark 24.14b (21.63 - 26.85) 26.72 (23.94 - 29.70) 0.080
Rural 26.12 (22.08 - 30.61) 26.22 (21.87 - 31.09) 0.960
Washoe 25.81 (22.19 - 29.80) 27.10 (23.14 - 31.45) 0.520
New Hampshire 25.88 (23.91 - 27.96) 25.26 (23.18 - 27.45) 0.550
Central 27.25 (24.46 - 30.23) 25.87 (22.87 - 29.12) 0.350
Central 1 26.94 (23.25 - 30.97) 26.54 (22.61 - 30.89) 0.835
Central 2 27.55 (24.02 - 31.38) 25.23 (21.50 - 29.38) 0.231
Northern 27.62 (23.79 - 31.82) 25.21 (21.17 - 29.72) 0.206
Southern 24.83 (22.52 - 27.29) 24.97 (22.49 - 27.63) 0.913
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 25.70 (22.36 - 29.34) 25.76 (22.03 - 29.89) 0.972
Southern 2 24.29 (21.47 - 27.36) 24.48 (21.49 - 27.74) 0.905
New Jersey 23.04 (20.99 - 25.24) 24.53 (22.28 - 26.93) 0.167
Central 24.33 (20.99 - 28.01) 23.03 (19.54 - 26.93) 0.450
Metropolitan 20.98 (17.89 - 24.45) 23.36 (19.95 - 27.16) 0.160
Northern 22.00a (19.10 - 25.20) 25.42 (22.00 - 29.19) 0.048
Southern 25.47 (22.11 - 29.16) 26.14 (22.33 - 30.36) 0.714
New Mexico 21.24 (19.26 - 23.37) 22.26 (20.23 - 24.42) 0.315
Region 1 20.52 (17.64 - 23.74) 19.50 (16.57 - 22.80) 0.499
Region 2 20.32 (16.71 - 24.48) 23.28 (19.41 - 27.65) 0.106
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 20.88 (18.21 - 23.82) 23.43 (20.31 - 26.87) 0.104
Region 4 20.86 (17.48 - 24.70) 21.29 (17.62 - 25.50) 0.801
Region 5 23.50 (20.13 - 27.23) 23.06 (19.61 - 26.92) 0.813
New York 23.66 (22.50 - 24.86) 24.08 (22.90 - 25.30) 0.516
Region A 22.05 (20.46 - 23.73) 22.55 (20.85 - 24.34) 0.578
Region 1 20.93 (17.87 - 24.35) 22.78 (19.23 - 26.76) 0.292
Region 2 20.84 (18.56 - 23.33) 20.48 (18.03 - 23.18) 0.786
Region 3 27.57 (24.26 - 31.14) 29.11 (25.23 - 33.31) 0.416
Region 4 20.19 (17.56 - 23.11) 20.20 (17.49 - 23.21) 0.996
Region B 23.63 (21.83 - 25.54) 24.20 (22.33 - 26.17) 0.559
Region 5 24.27 (21.80 - 26.93) 24.46 (21.88 - 27.25) 0.891
Region 6 21.12 (18.31 - 24.24) 22.10 (19.04 - 25.51) 0.537
Region 7 25.44 (22.11 - 29.08) 26.55 (23.15 - 30.25) 0.514
Region C 25.18 (23.62 - 26.81) 25.50 (23.79 - 27.30) 0.715
Region 8 24.18 (21.42 - 27.17) 24.14 (21.11 - 27.46) 0.981
Region 9 24.00 (21.11 - 27.15) 24.59 (21.25 - 28.26) 0.718
Region 10 25.54b (22.32 - 29.05) 28.55 (24.71 - 32.71) 0.095
Region 11 23.36 (20.56 - 26.41) 24.60 (21.58 - 27.89) 0.418
Region 12 28.54 (25.67 - 31.58) 27.11 (23.87 - 30.61) 0.408
Region D 27.48 (25.08 - 30.02) 27.37 (24.85 - 30.03) 0.927
Region 13 25.95 (22.46 - 29.77) 27.13 (23.02 - 31.66) 0.529
Region 14 29.37 (25.48 - 33.58) 30.01 (26.01 - 34.34) 0.753
Region 15 27.00 (23.35 - 30.99) 24.97 (21.21 - 29.15) 0.278
North Carolina 20.37 (18.53 - 22.34) 20.29 (18.39 - 22.34) 0.934
CenterPoint/Guilford 20.24 (17.32 - 23.51) 19.55 (16.48 - 23.05) 0.615
CenterPoint 19.81 (16.33 - 23.82) -- (-- - --) --
Guilford 20.72 (16.75 - 25.34) 21.03 (17.02 - 25.69) 0.862
Durham 19.36 (16.59 - 22.47) 20.58 (17.45 - 24.12) 0.453
East Carolina 21.81 (17.93 - 26.26) 21.94 (18.10 - 26.34) 0.939
Eastpointe 19.12 (15.53 - 23.30) 19.79 (15.98 - 24.24) 0.704
ECCS 23.44 (19.43 - 27.98) 20.68 (16.72 - 25.29) 0.109
Mecklenburg 21.22 (17.91 - 24.96) 21.70 (17.93 - 26.01) 0.790
Pathways 19.99 (16.61 - 23.87) 19.00 (15.67 - 22.84) 0.565
PBH 19.98 (16.56 - 23.90) 20.50 (16.77 - 24.82) 0.770
Sandhills 20.78 (16.98 - 25.16) 19.71 (15.68 - 24.47) 0.558
Smoky Mountain 22.13 (18.29 - 26.51) 20.50 (16.60 - 25.04) 0.354
Western Highlands 18.51 (14.89 - 22.77) 19.10 (15.43 - 23.40) 0.729
North Dakota 32.11b (29.99 - 34.30) 29.90 (27.86 - 32.03) 0.051
Badlands and West Central 30.03 (26.60 - 33.69) 28.30 (25.00 - 31.85) 0.344
Lake Region and South Central 30.75 (26.63 - 35.19) 27.64 (23.50 - 32.20) 0.131
North Central and Northwest 30.57 (26.84 - 34.57) 29.17 (25.29 - 33.39) 0.474
Northeast 33.09a (29.23 - 37.19) 29.11 (25.15 - 33.42) 0.040
Southeast 35.46 (32.23 - 38.83) 33.61 (30.38 - 37.00) 0.289
Ohio 25.82a (24.71 - 26.95) 24.48 (23.37 - 25.63) 0.034
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 25.25 (22.30 - 28.45) 23.71 (20.64 - 27.08) 0.336
Boards 3, 52, and 85 26.53 (23.00 - 30.39) 25.21 (21.56 - 29.25) 0.473
Boards 4 and 78 24.92 (21.59 - 28.58) 24.63 (20.70 - 29.03) 0.878
Boards 5 and 60 24.20 (20.98 - 27.75) 25.59 (22.23 - 29.27) 0.428
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 23.07 (19.98 - 26.49) 22.56 (19.16 - 26.36) 0.775
Boards 8, 13, and 83 25.85 (22.42 - 29.61) 23.46 (20.05 - 27.25) 0.160
Board 9 (Butler) 27.22 (23.53 - 31.26) 27.99 (23.99 - 32.38) 0.684
Board 12 26.53 (23.10 - 30.26) 25.46 (21.92 - 29.36) 0.546
Boards 18 and 47 26.04 (23.64 - 28.60) 23.94 (21.53 - 26.53) 0.118
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 26.37 (22.85 - 30.23) 24.31 (20.67 - 28.37) 0.254
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 26.20 (23.05 - 29.62) 23.64 (20.19 - 27.48) 0.126
Boards 22, 74, and 87 30.44b (26.49 - 34.71) 26.99 (23.35 - 30.96) 0.055
Boards 23 and 45 25.30 (22.06 - 28.83) 24.12 (20.44 - 28.23) 0.522
Board 25 (Franklin) 27.61 (24.85 - 30.56) 25.43 (22.65 - 28.43) 0.137
Boards 27, 71, and 73 21.48 (18.54 - 24.74) 22.37 (19.05 - 26.08) 0.598
Boards 28, 43, and 67 26.92 (23.78 - 30.32) 26.30 (23.15 - 29.72) 0.721
Board 31 (Hamilton) 25.67 (22.52 - 29.10) 24.02 (20.74 - 27.63) 0.315
Board 48 (Lucas) 24.52 (21.35 - 27.99) 23.76 (20.36 - 27.53) 0.651
Boards 50 and 76 25.48 (22.40 - 28.83) 24.35 (21.18 - 27.82) 0.500
Board 57 (Montgomery) 24.87a (21.67 - 28.37) 21.57 (18.36 - 25.18) 0.047
Board 77 (Summit) 25.93 (22.86 - 29.27) 27.22 (23.61 - 31.16) 0.470
Oklahoma 21.53 (19.56 - 23.65) 22.16 (20.14 - 24.33) 0.535
Central 22.18 (18.74 - 26.05) 23.69 (19.96 - 27.87) 0.403
East Central 19.39 (15.89 - 23.45) 21.15 (17.34 - 25.53) 0.305
Northeast 21.84 (18.30 - 25.84) 20.33 (16.81 - 24.37) 0.378
Northwest and Southwest 21.94 (18.46 - 25.87) 22.34 (18.60 - 26.59) 0.820
Oklahoma County 22.67 (19.16 - 26.60) 22.70 (19.04 - 26.84) 0.985
Southeast 21.04 (17.71 - 24.80) 22.60 (18.99 - 26.68) 0.394
Tulsa County 21.09 (17.94 - 24.62) 22.08 (18.65 - 25.95) 0.554
Oregon 22.08 (20.13 - 24.16) 22.53 (20.46 - 24.74) 0.658
Region 1 (Multnomah) 23.15 (19.73 - 26.96) 23.86 (20.19 - 27.97) 0.696
Region 2 19.93 (17.06 - 23.15) 21.27 (17.95 - 25.02) 0.391
Region 3 23.10 (20.36 - 26.09) 23.40 (20.40 - 26.70) 0.851
Region 4 20.92 (17.60 - 24.67) 20.69 (17.14 - 24.75) 0.894
Region 5 (Central) 24.21 (19.76 - 29.30) 23.75 (19.47 - 28.64) 0.822
Region 6 (Eastern) 22.66 (18.44 - 27.52) 22.15 (18.09 - 26.81) 0.784
Pennsylvania 24.60 (23.46 - 25.77) 25.16 (23.96 - 26.41) 0.389
Region 1 (Allegheny) 25.91 (23.25 - 28.75) 26.98 (24.09 - 30.08) 0.477
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 25.00 (21.90 - 28.39) 24.21 (20.94 - 27.80) 0.634
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 25.05 (22.03 - 28.33) 25.63 (22.45 - 29.10) 0.727
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 23.14 (19.79 - 26.88) 22.85 (19.30 - 26.83) 0.868
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 27.98 (25.08 - 31.08) 27.49 (24.22 - 31.01) 0.763
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 26.38 (24.26 - 28.62) 25.51 (23.22 - 27.95) 0.484
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 24.45 (21.04 - 28.22) 25.32 (21.92 - 29.06) 0.622
Regions 17 and 21 25.39 (22.02 - 29.08) 24.70 (21.10 - 28.69) 0.703
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 21.10 (18.38 - 24.12) 22.72 (19.74 - 26.00) 0.306
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 22.04b (19.24 - 25.12) 25.06 (21.67 - 28.77) 0.074
Regions 29 and 34 23.27 (20.06 - 26.83) 22.97 (19.57 - 26.77) 0.853
Regions 30 and 50 24.81 (21.76 - 28.12) 26.85 (23.18 - 30.88) 0.259
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 24.35 (21.83 - 27.06) 26.12 (23.23 - 29.24) 0.240
Rhode Island 28.07 (25.94 - 30.30) 26.92 (24.57 - 29.42) 0.340
Bristol and Newport 30.31a (25.88 - 35.14) 25.03 (20.98 - 29.57) 0.012
Kent 25.31 (21.81 - 29.16) 23.50 (19.61 - 27.88) 0.349
Providence 28.40 (25.81 - 31.14) 28.29 (25.25 - 31.55) 0.946
Washington 27.72 (23.84 - 31.97) 26.82 (22.66 - 31.43) 0.620
South Carolina 21.20 (19.27 - 23.27) 21.65 (19.68 - 23.75) 0.676
Region 1 17.32 (14.46 - 20.60) 19.46 (16.39 - 22.94) 0.190
Region 2 22.69 (19.88 - 25.78) 22.12 (19.25 - 25.28) 0.713
Region 3 21.05 (17.84 - 24.66) 23.41 (19.47 - 27.87) 0.214
Region 4 23.51 (20.54 - 26.76) 22.11 (18.87 - 25.73) 0.403
South Dakota 29.15 (27.12 - 31.27) 29.25 (27.17 - 31.41) 0.929
Region 1 31.07 (27.30 - 35.11) 30.13 (26.32 - 34.24) 0.615
Region 2 30.02 (26.88 - 33.35) 30.51 (26.92 - 34.35) 0.790
Region 3 29.61 (25.96 - 33.54) 29.32 (25.70 - 33.23) 0.878
Region 4 29.92 (25.61 - 34.63) 28.31 (23.81 - 33.29) 0.426
Region 5 28.52 (24.47 - 32.94) 28.31 (23.99 - 33.06) 0.921
Region 6 26.47 (22.16 - 31.28) 26.84 (22.27 - 31.96) 0.862
Region 7 26.55 (22.80 - 30.67) 28.47 (24.34 - 32.99) 0.314
Tennessee 19.60 (17.81 - 21.53) 18.55 (16.68 - 20.58) 0.272
Region 1 19.01 (15.63 - 22.93) 18.80 (15.46 - 22.68) 0.894
Region 2 20.00 (17.12 - 23.22) 18.75 (15.55 - 22.42) 0.451
Region 3 20.32b (17.24 - 23.80) 17.54 (14.51 - 21.06) 0.093
Region 4 (Davidson) 21.49 (17.88 - 25.60) 20.04 (16.48 - 24.15) 0.430
Region 5 19.49 (16.84 - 22.44) 18.39 (15.24 - 22.01) 0.467
Region 6 18.84 (15.58 - 22.60) 18.39 (15.04 - 22.28) 0.772
Region 7 (Shelby) 18.14 (14.94 - 21.84) 18.63 (15.20 - 22.63) 0.763
Texas 23.33 (22.21 - 24.48) 23.93 (22.78 - 25.13) 0.359
Region 1 27.53 (24.04 - 31.32) 24.98 (21.55 - 28.76) 0.155
Region 2 25.35 (21.66 - 29.42) 23.58 (19.92 - 27.69) 0.320
Region 3 21.32b (19.66 - 23.09) 23.10 (21.19 - 25.14) 0.089
Region 3a 20.53 (18.44 - 22.80) 22.04 (19.71 - 24.57) 0.241
Region 3bc 22.71 (20.32 - 25.28) 24.96 (22.14 - 28.02) 0.130
Region 4 19.38 (16.50 - 22.63) 19.23 (16.13 - 22.77) 0.922
Region 5 20.86b (17.64 - 24.50) 24.20 (20.69 - 28.10) 0.053
Region 6 23.86 (21.93 - 25.90) 24.45 (22.36 - 26.67) 0.616
Region 6a 23.80 (21.71 - 26.02) 24.56 (22.30 - 26.96) 0.556
Region 6bc 24.34 (20.67 - 28.44) 23.60 (19.68 - 28.03) 0.683
Region 7 25.86 (23.62 - 28.23) 26.11 (23.69 - 28.68) 0.843
Region 7a 26.23 (23.38 - 29.29) 27.27 (24.18 - 30.60) 0.517
Region 7bcd 25.27 (22.12 - 28.70) 24.19 (20.86 - 27.85) 0.517
Region 8 25.40 (22.79 - 28.19) 25.25 (22.25 - 28.52) 0.926
Region 9 22.33 (18.77 - 26.34) 23.35 (19.73 - 27.41) 0.555
Region 10 23.94 (20.21 - 28.12) 22.88 (19.18 - 27.05) 0.572
Region 11 23.19 (20.68 - 25.91) 23.19 (20.67 - 25.92) 1.000
Region 11abd 23.46 (20.41 - 26.81) 24.13 (20.92 - 27.66) 0.692
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 22.68 (19.24 - 26.54) 21.47 (18.09 - 25.28) 0.453
Utah 14.88 (13.32 - 16.59) 13.64 (12.04 - 15.41) 0.158
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 16.11a (13.21 - 19.50) 12.56 (9.88 - 15.83) 0.010
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 13.76 (11.05 - 17.00) 13.78 (10.99 - 17.14) 0.988
Davis County 13.74 (10.99 - 17.04) 13.01 (10.37 - 16.19) 0.578
Salt Lake County 16.48 (14.23 - 19.01) 15.50 (13.16 - 18.17) 0.446
Utah County 10.84 (8.69 - 13.43) 10.34 (8.29 - 12.82) 0.633
Weber, Morgan 17.41b (14.14 - 21.25) 14.49 (11.41 - 18.22) 0.072
Vermont 25.37 (23.29 - 27.58) 26.40 (24.38 - 28.53) 0.341
Champlain Valley 27.46 (24.75 - 30.35) 28.29 (25.42 - 31.34) 0.598
Rural Northeast 25.32 (21.99 - 28.97) 27.61 (23.98 - 31.57) 0.213
Rural Southeast 24.17 (20.94 - 27.73) 24.37 (20.83 - 28.29) 0.911
Rural Southwest 22.03 (18.56 - 25.94) 22.68 (19.12 - 26.69) 0.718
Virginia 22.96 (20.94 - 25.11) 23.72 (21.68 - 25.89) 0.447
Region 1 25.21 (21.89 - 28.85) 24.57 (21.07 - 28.43) 0.711
Region 2 21.70 (18.59 - 25.16) 21.28 (18.05 - 24.92) 0.799
Region 3 23.48 (20.08 - 27.26) 25.02 (21.41 - 29.02) 0.386
Region 4 24.19 (20.87 - 27.85) 25.10 (21.43 - 29.16) 0.612
Region 5 21.59 (18.47 - 25.08) 23.96 (20.70 - 27.56) 0.140
Washington 21.46 (19.53 - 23.53) 22.23 (20.25 - 24.35) 0.446
Region 1 21.75 (19.15 - 24.59) 22.17 (19.14 - 25.53) 0.764
East 1 (previously Region 1) 22.68 (19.40 - 26.33) 23.21 (19.47 - 27.44) 0.769
East 2 (previously Region 2) 20.47 (17.17 - 24.22) 20.75 (16.76 - 25.41) 0.874
Region 2 21.17 (18.70 - 23.88) 22.13 (19.65 - 24.83) 0.464
North 1 (previously Region 3) 21.50 (18.18 - 25.25) 22.14 (18.52 - 26.23) 0.715
North 2 (previously Region 4) 20.99 (18.08 - 24.22) 22.13 (19.20 - 25.38) 0.484
Region 3 21.67 (19.16 - 24.40) 22.41 (19.71 - 25.36) 0.584
West 1 (previously Region 5) 20.30b (17.16 - 23.85) 23.60 (19.99 - 27.64) 0.057
West 2 (previously Region 6) 22.94 (19.67 - 26.57) 21.30 (17.94 - 25.10) 0.355