PCP Trends by Metropolitan Areas in Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), 1994-2001

 

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PCP mentions by metropolitan area and year (1994- 2001)

Table 3.24  - Number of PCP  mentions in DAWN Emergency Departments

Metropolitan area Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total

% change1

1994,

2001

% change1

1999,

2001

% change1

2000,

2001

1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
                     
TOTAL COTERMINOUS U.S. 5,899 5,963 3,441 3,626 3,436 3,663 5,404 6,102          66.6      
Atlanta 35 14 25 28  ... 28  ... 35                  
Baltimore 309 222 98 87 53 45 73 75    -75.7    66.7      
Boston 49 81 18 22 21 7 11 23    -53.1    228.6    109.1
Buffalo 6 6 2 5 0 1 10 3    -50.0    200.0    -70.0
Chicago 780 873 537 468 352 631 1,003 874          38.5      
Dallas 27 65 26 36 62 95 120 96    255.6            
Denver 8 9 7 14 5  ... 7 7           ...      
Detroit 26 56 21 19 20 24 21 38                  
Los Angeles 1,098 1,266 709 696 605 731 823 990                  
Miami 7 8 15 14 14 9 15 9                  
Minneapolis 8  ... 8 16 7 18 20 24    200.0            
New Orleans 74 67 27 21 9 16 16 8    -89.2    -50.0      
New York 852 697 229 261 256 278 237 203    -76.2            
Newark 17 42 13 15 9 15 39 35    105.9    133.3      
Philadelphia 431 596 367 481 573 580 604 785    82.1    35.3    30.0
Phoenix 16 23 31 40 46 39 47 61    281.3    56.4      
St. Louis 92 70 67 35 28 26 74 110          323.1      
San Diego 54 58 34 51 52 37 36 38                  
San Francisco 131 89 158 122 67 62 70 76    -42.0    22.6      
Seattle 20 36 50 49 47 47 116 128    540.0    172.3      
Washington, DC. 1,301 868 347 212 152 176 317 525    -59.6    198.3    65.6
                             
1  This column denotes statistically significant (p < 0.05) increases and decreases between estimates for the periods noted.  Percentage increases between years are in red; percentage decreases are in black.  See Relative Standard Error (RSE) tables for p-values.

NOTE:  These estimates are based on a representative sample of non-Federal, short-stay hospitals with 24-hour emergency departments in the coterminous U.S.  

Dots (.) indicate that an estimate with an RSE greater than 50% has been suppressed.  

Dashes (---) indicate that an estimate has been suppressed due to incomplete data.  Data were not sufficiently complete to produce estimates for Atlanta for the period January-June 2001.  For the Atlanta contribution to the national estimates, data were imputed for Atlanta nonrespondents based on actual data from January-June 2000.

ED = emergency department, PCP = phencyclidine.

SOURCE:  Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002 (09/2002 update).

  

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PCP rates per 100,000 population by metropolitan area and year (1994- 2001)

Table 13.24 -  Estimated rates of PCP mentions in DAWN Emergency Departments per 100,000 population by metropolitan area by year

Metropolitan area Total Total Total Total Total Total Total Total % change1

1994,

2001
% change1

1999,

2001
% change1

2000,

2001
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
               
                     
TOTAL COTERMINOUS U.S. 3 3 1 2 1 2 2 2          59.8      
Atlanta 1 1 1 1  ... 1  ... 1                  
Baltimore 14 10 4 4 2 2 3 3    -76.6    69.7      
Boston 1 2 0 1 1 0 0 1    -53.4    243.4    122.2
Buffalo 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0    -46.3    240.7    -65.3
Chicago 14 15 9 8 6 11 17 15          40.8      
Dallas 1 3 1 1 3 4 5 3    168.9            
Denver 1 1 0 1 0  ... 0 0           ...      
Detroit 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 1                  
Los Angeles 14 15 9 8 7 9 9 12                  
Miami 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0                  
Minneapolis 0  ... 0 1 0 1 1 1    162.5            
New Orleans 6 6 2 2 1 1 1 1    -89.2    -47.3      
New York 11 9 3 3 3 3 3 2    -77.1            
Newark 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2    104.5    145.4      
Philadelphia 10 13 8 10 12 12 12 17    83.3    43.8    40.5
Phoenix 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2    162.2    13.2      
St. Louis 4 3 3 1 1 1 3 5          343.1      
San Diego 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 2                  
San Francisco 9 6 10 8 4 4 4 5    -43.7    25.5      
Seattle 1 2 3 3 2 2 6 6    452.4    147.6      
Washington, DC 35 23 9 6 4 5 8 13    -64.5    176.7    56.2
  
1  This column denotes statistically significant (p < 0.05) increases and decreases between estimates for the periods noted.  Percentage increases between years are in red; percentage decreases are in black.  See Relative Standard Error (RSE) tables for p-values.

NOTE:  These estimates are based on a representative sample of non-Federal, short-stay hospitals with 24-hour emergency departments in the coterminous U.S.  

Dots (.) indicate that an estimate with an RSE greater than 50% has been suppressed.  

Dashes (---) indicate that an estimate has been suppressed due to incomplete data.  Data were not sufficiently complete to produce estimates for Atlanta for the period January-June 2001.  For the Atlanta contribution to the national estimates, data were imputed for Atlanta nonrespondents based on actual data from January-June 2000.  ED rates are calculated using decennial census data and intercensal population estimates provided by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

ED = emergency department, PCP = phencyclidine.

SOURCE:  Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002 (09/2002 update).

This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.