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Services Research Outcomes Study (SROS)

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Table B-1. Percentage who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-2.Percentage in inpatient treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-3.Percentage in residential treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-4.Percentage in outpatient methadone treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-5.Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-6.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents who used the drug during the five years before treatment

Table B-7. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in inpatient treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

Table B-8.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in residential treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

Table B-9.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient methadone treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

Table B-10. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

Table B-11. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents who used the drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-12.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in inpatient treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

Table B-13.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in residential treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

Table B-14.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient methadone treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

Table B-15.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

Table B-16.Percentage who used alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-17. Percentage who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-18. Percentage who used marijuana during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-19. Percentage who used cocaine during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-21. Percentage who used heroin during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-22. Percentage in inpatient treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-23. Percentage in residential treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-24. Percentage in outpatient methadone treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-25. Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-26. Percentage who reported any criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-27. Percentage in inpatient treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-28. Percentage in residential treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-29. Percentage in methadone maintenance treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-30. Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-31. Percentage who drove under the influence during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-32. Percentage who drove while intoxicated during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-34. Percentage who engaged in prostitution/procurement during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-35. Percentage who engaged in theft/larceny during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-36. Percentage who engaged in breaking and entering during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-37. Percentage who violated parole during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-38. Percentage with Selected Lifestyle characteristics during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-39. Percentage who were employed full-time during the five years before and after treatment

Table B-40. Percentage who received additional treatment after SROS episode and mean number of episodes

Table B-41. Correlates of alcohol use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-42. Correlates of any drug use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-43. Correlates of marijuana use in the five years after treatment (Tx) :  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-44. Correlates of cocaine use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-45. Correlates of crack use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-46. Correlates of heroin use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-47. Correlates of alcohol use in the five years after treatment (Tx) :  Results of OLS regression models

Table B-48. Correlates of marijuana use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of OLS regression models

Table B-49. Correlates of crack use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of OLS regression models

Table B-50. Correlates of cocaine use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of OLS regression models

Table B-51. Correlates of heroin use in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of OLS regression models

Table B-52. Correlates of drug selling in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-53. Correlates of prostitution/procurement in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-54. Correlates of larceny/theft in the five years after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

Table B-55. Correlates of breaking and entering in the five years  after treatment (Tx):  Results of logistic regression models

APPENDIX B: DETAILED TABLES

Table B-1. Percentage who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Percentage using 5 or more times




Before

(n)

After

(n)

Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N













Alcohol

90.7

1,794

77.8

1,790

-13.1

*

1.6

1,787


-14

960,561













Any illicit drug

75.4

1,799

59.3

1,799

-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

967,012













Marijuana

56.5

1,789

41.0

1,774

-16.0

*

1.6

1,774


-28

952,103

Cocaine

42.9

1,788

23.4

1,790

-19.5

*

2.0

1,785


-45

958,818

Crack

29.0

1,791

24.3

1,786

-4.8

*

1.6

1,784


-17

957,890

Heroin

13.8

1,791

12.0

1,788

-1.9

*

0.7

1,787


-14

959,101

Inhalants

4.3

1,787

2.0

1,782

-2.3

*

0.7

1,782


-53

958,560

PCP

4.5

1,790

1.8

1,782

-2.7

*

0.5

1,782


-60

957,052

Hallucinogens

13.1

1,788

5.7

1,778

-7.4

*

0.9

1,778


-56

955,836

Illegal methadone

2.9

1,789

2.2

1,789

-0.6


0.4

1,789


n.s.

961,428

Narcotics

8.8

1,786

6.1

1,786

-2.7

*

0.6

1,786


-31

960,152

Methamphetamines

14.3

1,789

8.1

1,781

-6.2

*

1.2

1,780


-43

958,332

Downers

14.7

1,790

7.6

1,782

-7.1

*

0.8

1,782


-48

958,638

Other

6.5

1,755

3.2

1,755

-3.4

*

0.5

1,755


-52

944,695

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-2.Percentage in inpatient treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Percentage using 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

91.8

697


78.7

699


-13.4

*

1.7

696


-15

355,66 5















Any illicit drug

77.7

700


58.4

700


-19.2

*

1.9

700


-25

357,95 4















Marijuana

54.8

696


36.0

690


-19.0

*

1.5

690


-35

353,16 1

Cocaine

45.2

695


23.8

697


-21.3

*

2.5

694


-47

353,29 6

Crack

36.5

698


31.2

696


-5.2

*

2.2

695


-14

355,52 3

Heroin

14.5

697


12.6

695


-1.9


1.1

695


n.s.

354,54 9

Inhalants

4.6

697


1.6

696


-3.0

*

0.7

696


-65

355,32 1

PCP

4.1

696


1.4

693


-2.8

*

0.7

693


-68

353,73 1

Hallucinogens

10.9

697


3.9

695


-7.0

*

1.2

695


-64

355,85 8

Illegal methadone

3.4

696


2.2

696


-1.2


0.8

696


n.s.

355,49 3

Narcotics

9.4

695


6.0

695


-3.4

*

1.0

695


-36

354,98 2

Methamphetamines

14.0

697


7.1

696


-6.9

*

2.0

696


-49

356,308

Downers

14.8

697


7.9

694


-7.0

*

1.0

694


-47

355,19 9

Other

8.0

680


3.5

680


-4.5

*

0.7

680


-56

348,06 4

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990 who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-3.Percentage in residential treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Percentage using 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

92.1

326


81.3

325


-10.8

*

2.3

325


-12

173,62 7















Any illicit drug

88.8

326


68.6

326


-20.2

*

2.5

326


-23

173,81 1















Marijuana

67.9

323


47.1

320


-21.6

*

3.1

320


-32

170,71 3

Cocaine

53.4

324


24.3

324


-29.2

*

3.9

323


-55

171,99 9

Crack

48.5

324


33.8

322


-15.3

*

4.4

321


-32

170,54 2

Heroin

9.2

323


9.0

324


-0.2


1.4

323


n.s.

172,00 6

Inhalants

7.3

324


3.1

322


-3.9


2.1

322


n.s.

170,79 4

PCP

5.4

324


1.6

321


-3.9

*

1.6

321


-72

170,58 8

Hallucinogens

19.2

322


6.5

320


-12.9

*

2.9

320


-67

169,31 7

Illegal methadone

2.2

323


1.9

323


-0.3


1.2

323


n.s.

171,95 7

Narcotics

12.3

321


9.1

321


-3.2


1.7

321


n.s.

171,30 0

Methamphetamines

23.1

323


14.9

321


-8.4

*

3.1

320


-36

170,164

Downers

19.9

323


12.5

321


-7.6

*

1.4

321


-38

171,33 5

Other

7.4

321


5.3

321


-2.1


1.1

321


n.s.

170,90 9

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05.

n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-4.Percentage in outpatient methadone treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Percentage using 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

78.0

217


63.8

216


-14.6

*

3.4

216


-19

47,630















Any illicit drug

95.2

217


86.1

217


-9.1

*

1.8

217


-10

47,871















Marijuana

58.5

216


39.3

215


-19.4

*

3.2

215


-33

47,558

Cocaine

61.2

217


49.3

216


-12.0

*

4.4

216


-20

47,711

Crack

24.2

215


23.7

215


-0.5


5.9

215


n.s.

47,248

Heroin

82.1

216


60.1

216


-22.1

*

5.1

216


-27

47,820

Inhalants

1.6

215


1.0

213


-0.7


0.5

213


n.s.

47,180

PCP

3.4

216


0.7

215


-2.6

*

1.0

215


-76

47,662

Hallucinogens

12.4

215


3.8

214


-8.6

*

2.9

214


-69

47,507

Illegal methadone

15.4

216


10.9

216


-4.5

*

2.2

216


-29

47,820

Narcotics

17.0

216


12.4

216


-4.6

*

2.0

216


-27

47,713

Methamphetamines

11.1

215


3.1

214


-8.1

*

2.3

214


-73

47,421

Downers

28.8

216


14.7

214


-14.3

*

3.0

214


-50

46,924

Other

9.6

212


5.4

212


-4.3


2.2

212


n.s.

47,000

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-5.Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used drugs and alcohol during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Percentage using 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

90.5

554


77.1

550


-13.5

*

3.2

550


-15

383,639















Any illicit drug

64.9

556


52.6

556


-12.3

*

2.6

556


-19

387,375















Marijuana

52.8

554


43.2

549


-10.2

*

2.6

549


-19

380,671

Cocaine

33.9

552


19.5

553


-14.4

*

3.0

552


-42

385,813

Crack

14.0

554


13.7

553


-0.3


2.2

553


n.s.

384,577

Heroin

6.7

555


6.7

553


-0.1


1.3

553


n.s.

384,726

Inhalants

3.0

551


1.9

551


-1.1


1.2

551


n.s.

385,266

PCP

4.5

554


2.4

553


-2.1

*

1.0

553


-47

385,072

Hallucinogens

12.5

554


7.4

549


-5.2

*

1.6

549


-42

383,155

Illegal methadone

1.1

554


1.2

554


0.1


0.6

554


n.s.

386,157

Narcotics

5.7

554


4.2

554


-1.5


2.0

554


n.s.

386,157

Methamphetamines

10.9

554


6.6

550


-4.3

*

2.3

550


-39

384,439

Downers

10.4

554


4.2

553


-6.3

*

3.1

553


-61

385,180

Other

4.4

542


1.6

542


-2.8

*

2.2

542


-64

378,721

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-6.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents who used the drug during the five years before treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

16.8

1,374


10.7

1,296


-5.5

*

0.5

1,296


-33

748,089















Marijuana

14.6

875


7.1

840


-7.1

*

0.5

840


-49

471,431

Cocaine

12.1

725


4.7

701


-7.2

*

0.5

701


-60

377,410

Crack

16.2

445


8.6

428


-7.6

*

0.8

428


-47

245,086

Heroin

21.2

312


13.4

298


-7.6

*

0.9

298


-36

120,217

Inhalants

7.7

84


1.8

84


-6.0

*

1.3

84


-78

36,510

PCP

8.8

77


2.5

77


-6.2

*

1.3

77


-70

40,236

Hallucinogens

4.5

232


1.7

229


-2.8

*

0.7

229


-62

121,655

Illegal methadone

8.3

74


3.2

74


-5.1

*

1.5

74


-61

26,738

Narcotics

10.5

163


4.4

159


-5.8

*

0.9

159


-55

77,093

Methamphetamines

12.0

249


3.7

242


-8.0

*

1.1

242


-67

128,597

Downers

10.1

276


5.0

272


-5.2

*

0.7

272


-51

130,167

Other

15.0

105


4.7

103


-10.4

*

1.5

103


-69

56,449

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-7. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in inpatient treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

18.2

546


11.6

509


-6.1

*

0.8

508


-34

263,618















Marijuana

14.6

319


5.7

308


-8.5

*

0.7

308


-58

160,952

Cocaine

13.7

268


5.3

261


-8.1

*

0.6

261


-59

141,104

Crack

16.5

193


10.0

188


-6.6

*

0.7

188


-40

108,069

Heroin

22.3

87


13.8

83


-8.4

*

1.1

83


-38

44,825

Inhalants

12.2

35


2.5

35


-9.7

*

2.5

35


-80

13,719

PCP

10.2

24


3.2

24


-6.9

*

1.1

24


-68

13,301

Hallucinogens

4.8

76


1.9

76


-2.9

*

1.0

76


-60

37,230

Illegal methadone

8.9

22


2.5

22


-6.5

*

1.9

22


-73

11,969

Narcotics

8.4

52


3.9

52


-4.5

*

1.0

52


-54

29,032

Methamphetamines

13.3

90


3.5

87


-9.5

*

1.0

87


-71

43,472

Downers

11.7

94


5.1

92


-6.8

*

1.2

92


-58

49,512

Other

13.3

49


4.5

48


-8.6

*

1.7

48


-65

24,528

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-8.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in residential treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

18.2

246


12.3

228


-5.5

*

1.1

228


-30

120,690















Marijuana

15.8

186


8.1

179


-7.3

*

1.3

179


-46

96,774

Cocaine

9.8

153


3.1

148


-6.3

*

1.1

148


-64

83,049

Crack

18.7

129


7.3

121


-11.0

*

1.5

121


-59

69,289

Heroin

17.7

30


12.2

28


-5.2

*

2.0

28


-29

13,795

Inhalants

5.6

22


1.3

22


-4.3

*

1.0

22


-77

10,297

PCP

9.3

20


0.2

20


-9.1

*

4.0

20


-98

9,238

Hallucinogens

4.8

64


1.2

62


-3.6

*

1.1

62


-75

31,181

Illegal methadone

3.2

6


3.5

6


0.3


2.9

6


n.a.

3,847

Narcotics

10.1

36


4.1

35


-5.5

*

1.9

35


-54

18,777

Methamphetamines

10.8

64


3.4

62


-6.9

*

1.4

62


-64

36,498

Downers

6.7

64


4.3

63


-2.5

*

0.8

63


-37

32,108

Other

14.7

21


8.2

20


-7.2

*

2.2

20


-49

10,765

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-9.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient methadone treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

14.9

141


10.5

139


-4.3

*

1.8

139


-29

32,673















Marijuana

13.2

102


5.5

98


-7.2

*

1.3

98


-55

24,471

Cocaine

13.8

116


8.2

108


-5.7

*

1.2

108


-41

24,122

Crack

11.9

45


7.3

41


-4.6

*

1.1

41


-39

10,326

Heroin

24.4

156


14.8

148


-9.4

*

1.2

148


-39

33,791

Inhalants

11.7

3


4.8

3


-6.9


6.4

3


n.a.

775

PCP

7.9

9


0.8

9


-7.1

*

3.2

9


n.a.

1,567

Hallucinogens

3.0

23


0.6

23


-2.3

*

0.6

23


-77

5,897

Illegal methadone

8.7

37


4.4

37


-4.3

*

1.9

37


-49

6,960

Narcotics

12.9

37


4.0

36


-9.0

*

2.2

36


-70

7,695

Methamphetamines

11.2

25


1.8

25


-9.4

*

3.1

25


-84

5,312

Downers

9.7

57


3.5

56


-6.2

*

1.0

56


-64

12,882

Other

20.4

13


12.6

13


-7.8

*

3.1

13


n.a.

3,726

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-10. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used the drug during the five years before treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

15.0

441


9.3

420


-5.2

*

9.3

420


-35

285,078















Marijuana

14.1

268


8.0

255


-5.7

*

1.1

255


-40

16,800

Cocaine

11.6

188


4.3

184


-7.2

*

1.0

184


-62

118,051

Crack

13.0

78


7.7

78


-5.3

*

1.8

78


-41

48,232

Heroin

16.1

39


11.1

39


-5.0


2.6

39


n.s.

23,448

Inhalants

4.2

24


1.1

24


-3.1

*

1.4

24


-74

11,719

PCP

7.4

24


3.5

24


-3.9


2.1

24


n.s.

16,130

Hallucinogens

4.2

69


2.1

68


-2.1


1.4

68


n.s.

45,360

Illegal methadone

10.9

9


3.3

9


-7.6


7.0

9


n.a.

3,962

Narcotics

13.0

38


5.4

36


-6.6

*

2.2

36


-51

19,708

Methamphetamines

11.9

70


4.3

68


-7.0

*

2.6

68


-59

39,905

Downers

11.3

61


6.2

61


-5.1


2.2

61


n.s.

34,307

Other

16.6

22


0.8

22


-15.8

*

3.1

22


-95

16,027

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-11. Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents who used the drug during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

15.7

1,123


13.3

1,045


-2.4

*

0.4

1,045


-15

537,084















Marijuana

15.2

560


10.9

525


-4.3

*

0.6

525


-28

292,921

Cocaine

13.7

342


10.8

318


-2.9

*

0.7

318


-21

158,608

Crack

16.7

260


15.0

243


-1.8

*

0.8

243


-11

136,078

Heroin

23.1

212


21.3

198


-1.8


0.9

198


n.s.

72,740

Inhalants

7.2

20


7.6

20


0.4


3.4

20


n.s.

8,492

PCP

15.8

18


11.1

18


-4.6


2.8

18


n.a.

9,208

Hallucinogens

5.5

65


5.9

62


0.5


1.3

62


n.s.

35,400

Illegal methadone

5.5

32


8.2

32


2.6

*

1.2

32


47

10,616

Narcotics

11.3

81


9.0

77


-2.2


1.2

77


n.s.

36,492

Methamphetamines

11.7

91


9.5

84


-2.2


1.4

84


n.s.

48,510

Downers

12.0

130


10.7

126


-1.3


1.2

126


n.s.

60,553

Other

15.9

33


14.7

31


-1.2


1.2

31


n.s.

17,624

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-12.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in inpatient treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

17.9

449


14.1

412


-3.0

*

0.7

412


-17

215,981















Marijuana

16.3

193


9.6

182


-6.2

*

0.8

182


-38

96,405

Cocaine

15.3

117


12.1

110


-2.4

*

0.9

110


-16

61,633

Crack

16.4

128


15.3

123


-1.4


0.8

123


n.s.

70,975

Heroin

24.8

56


21.9

52


-3.1

*

1.0

52


-13

28,262

Inhalants

15.9

5


15.8

5


-0.1


13.0

5


n.a.

2,195

PCP

18.9

6


13.2

6


-5.7


5.0

6


n.a.

3,263

Hallucinogens

8.5

17


8.0

17


-0.5


2.6

17


n.a.

8,832

Illegal methadone

5.9

8


6.4

8


0.5


0.5

8


n.a.

4,606

Narcotics

9.9

22


8.4

22


-1.5


1.2

22


n.s.

13,593

Methamphetamines

12.9

31


10.3

28


-1.9


1.6

28


n.s.

14,896

Downers

13.9

42


12.2

40


-2.2


2.1

40


n.s.

20,777

Other

16.0

16


13.5

15


-2.0


2.4

15


n.a.

8,213

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-13.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in residential treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

18.2

213


14.5

195


-3.2

*

1.0

195


-18

102,64 0















Marijuana

17.3

123


12.9

116


-4.0

*

1.5

116


-23

60,765

Cocaine

12.4

67


8.0

62


-3.6

*

1.7

62


-29

32,387

Crack

20.5

62


16.8

54


-3.3

*

1.5

54


-16

30,148

Heroin

20.1

17


21.1

15


1.3

*

0.6

15


n.a.

8,000

Inhalants

4.2

7


4.6

7


0.4


0.4

7


n.a.

2,918

PCP

17.2

3


1.2

3


-16.0

*

7.6

3


n.a.

1,328

Hallucinogens

5.3

17


5.7

15


0.4


2.5

15


n.a.

6,618

Illegal methadone

8.0

1


26.0

1


18.0


0.0

1


n.a.

521

Narcotics

10.5

19


7.9

18


-1.7


2.0

18


n.a.

9,845

Methamphetamines

11.6

27


7.2

25


-3.5


1.9

25


n.s.

17,491

Downers

8.0

33


7.7

32


-0.4


0.7

32


n.s.

17,798

Other

17.5

8


18.7

7


-0.9


1.7

3


n.a.

4,705

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-14.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient methadone treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

15.5

105


13.6

103


-1.7


1.9

103


n.s.

25,143















Marijuana

15.7

56


9.3

52


-5.7

*

2.0

52


-36

14,645

Cocaine

15.6

78


11.9

70


-4.0

*

1.7

70


-26

16,596

Crack

15.3

25


13.8

21


-1.7


1.4

21


n.s.

5,456

Heroin

26.2

115


21.9

107


-4.0

*

1.0

107


-15

22,863

Inhalants

8.0

1


8.0

1


0.0


0.0

1


n.a.

465

PCP

3.5

2


4.2

2


0.7


0.9

2


n.a.

311

Hallucinogens

3.5

5


2.4

5


-1.1


1.0

5


n.a.

1,562

Illegal methadone

6.3

18


9.4

18


3.1


2.1

18


n.a.

3,281

Narcotics

13.6

21


6.9

20


-7.0

*

3.1

20


-51

4,488

Methamphetamines

23.6

6


9.5

6


-14.0

*

4.5

6


n.a.

977

Downers

11.2

27


7.8

26


-3.4


1.9

26


n.s.

5,745

Other

24.0

5


24.0

5


0.0


0.0

5


n.a.

1,960

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-15.Number of days per month used specific drugs in five years before and after treatment, among respondents in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used the drug before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Drug

Number of days used




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Alcohol

14.2

356


11.9

335


-1.6

*

0.7

335


-11

223,32 0















Marijuana

14.3

188


11.1

175


-2.7

*

0.8

175


-19

121,10 7

Cocaine

13.5

80


10.7

76


-2.8


1.6

76


n.s.

47,992

Crack

13.7

45


12.6

45


-1.1


1.3

45


n.s.

29,499

Heroin

16.2

24


19.1

24


2.9


1.9

24


n.s.

13,615

Inhalants

3.7

7


4.5

7


0.8


1.0

7


n.a.

2,915

PCP

13.8

7


13.1

7


-0.7


2.4

7


n.a.

4,306

Hallucinogens

4.2

26


5.3

25


1.1


2.0

25


n.s.

18,334

Illegal methadone

3.1

5


5.9

5


2.7


1.7

5


n.a.

2,208

Narcotics

15.7

19


12.5

17


-1.5


3.9

17


n.a.

8,566

Methamphetamines

13.1

27


11.4

25


-0.2


3.0

25


n.s.

15,146

Downers

13.3

28


13.1

28


-0.2


3.6

28


n.s.

16,233

Other

4.9

4


4.9

4


0.0


0.0

4


n.a.

2,746

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

Table B-16.Percentage who used alcohol during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using alcohol 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

90.7

1,794


77.8

1,790


-13.1

*

1.6

1787


-14

960,561

Sex















Male

1,251

93.7

1,247


80.4

1,243


-13.5

*

1.9

1,241


-14

685,381

Female

548

83.0

547


71.4

547


-12.0

*

2.5

546


-14

275,180

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

91.8

1,100


78.9

1,097


-13.2

*

1.6

1,096


-14

578,018

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

88.4

495


79.4

495


-9.1

*

2.2

493


-10

270,645

Hispanic

137

90.5

137


66.2

136


-24.6

*

5.7

136


-27

79,289

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

80.2

155


92.0

153


10.8

*

2.8

153


13

76,377

18 - 29

674

90.9

673


79.1

671


-12.1

*

1.9

670


-13

378,769

30 - 39

660

92.5

657


78.1

657


-14.5

*

1.9

655


-16

344,275

40 +

309

90.9

309


67.3

309


-23.6

*

2.9

309


-26

161,141

Education















1 to 9 years

306

91.7

304


77.6

304


-14.3

*

4.2

303


-16

172,361

10 to 11 years

487

90.5

486


77.8

483


-13.0

*

2.2

482


-14

265,930

12 years or GED

517

93.3

516


81.4

515


-12.2

*

1.9

515


-13

269,842

College/grad school

486

87.6

485


74.3

485


-13.3

*

2.6

484


-15

249,788

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

91.8

697


78.7

699


-13.4

*

1.7

696


-15

355,665

Residential

326

92.1

326


81.3

325


-10.8

*

2.3

325


-12

173,627

Outpatient methadone

217

78.0

217


63.8

216


-14.6

*

3.4

216


-19

47,630

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

90.5

554


77.1

550


-13.5

*

3.2

550


-15

383,639

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

97.5

1,115


82.4

1,114


-15.1

*

2.1

1,112


-15

617,920

Marijuana

443

93.6

441


81.4

441


-12.2

*

2.4

440


-13

247,956

Cocaine

443

91.1

432


78.3

430


-13.3

*

2.0

430


-15

221,756

Crack

382

90.3

379


78.3

380


-12.1

*

1.8

378


-13

210,812

Heroin

315

80.8

315


71.0

314


-10.0

*

2.3

314


-12

109,496

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

92.4

521


81.0

520


-11.7

*

3.6

519


-13

309,388

Health problems

437

92.7

436


75.3

437


-17.5

*

2.0

436


-19

223,898

Relationship problems

837

92.0

835


77.4

833


-14.8

*

2.2

831


-16

438,974

Pressure from employer

132

95.9

132


79.4

131


-16.5

*

3.4

131


-17

65,448

Financial problems

501

94.7

499


78.1

499


-16.6

*

2.1

497


-18

253,295

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

91.9

296


83.9

297


-8.6

*

1.9

295


-9

177,405

1 week - less than 1 month

473

90.2

472


79.0

471


-11.3

*

1.9

470


-13

237,393

1 month - less than 6 months

661

90.4

660


78.1

657


-12.6

*

2.7

657


-14

355,565

6 months or more

345

90.1

345


67.7

344


-22.3

*

3.6

344


-25

173,379

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

92.8

1,187


76.3

1,184


-16.6

*

1.8

1,182


-18

650,378

Treatment not completed

507

86.5

506


80.7

506


-5.9

*

2.0

505


-7

257,320

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

91.2

758


69.9

754


-21.5

*

2.8

754


-24

411,243

Somewhat/not helpful

977

90.8

974


83.8

975


-7.0

*

1.5

972


-8

515,211

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

90.0

530


72.0

528


-18.3

*

3.3

527


-20

313,339

1-2

708

89.9

707


80.9

705


-9.2

*

1.5

705


-10

366,036

3 or more

525

92.7

522


80.7

522


-12.1

*

1.5

520


-13

259,685

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

90.1

982


77.9

978


-12.5

*

2.3

977


-14

551,922

1-2

553

91.5

551


79.2

552


-12.5

*

1.7

550


-14

275,614

3 or more

244

91.5

243


74.7

242


-16.8

*

2.4

242


-18

121,732

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

90.3

837


71.3

834


-19.2

*

2.2

833


-21

483,632

1 or more

943

91.2

940


84.6

939


-6.8

*

1.5

937


-7

467,696

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.


(page 3 of 3)


Table B-17. Percentage who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using any illicit drug 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

75.4

1,799


59.3

1,799


-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

967,012

Sex















Male

1,251

73.4

1,251


60.6

1,251


-12.8

*

1.5

1,251


-17

690,409

Female

548

80.4

548


56.0

548


-24.3

*

2.4

548


-30

276,602

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

76.3

1,101


59.5

1,101


-16.8

*

2.0

1,101


-22

580,081

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

81.5

499


63.2

499


-18.4

*

2.5

499


-23

274,062

Hispanic

137

49.5

137


40.5

137


-9.0

*

2.7

137


-18

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

71.1

156


73.9

156


2.9


4.6

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

85.9

674


68.2

674


-17.7

*

1.9

674


-21

381,351

30 - 39

660

81.2

660


60.2

660


-20.9

*

2.4

660


-26

346,915

40 +

309

40.4

309


29.2

309


-11.2

*

1.9

309


-28

161,141

Education















1 to 9 years

306

64.7

306


52.3

306


-12.3

*

2.8

306


-19

173,263

10 to 11 years

487

83.0

487


66.7

487


-16.3

*

3.2

487


-20

268,639

12 years or GED

517

75.2

517


60.0

517


-15.2

*

2.4

517


-20

271,705

College/grad school

486

75.0

486


55.2

486


-19.8

*

3.1

486


-26

250,764

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

77.7

700


58.4

700


-19.2

*

1.9

700


-25

357,954

Residential

326

88.8

326


68.6

326


-20.2

*

2.5

326


-23

173,811

Outpatient methadone

217

95.0

217


86.1

217


-9.1

*

1.8

217


-10

47,871

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

64.9

556


52.6

556


-12.3

*

2.6

556


-19

387,375

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

67.4

1,117


53.1

1,117


-14.3

*

1.9

1,117


-21

620,447

Marijuana

443

96.9

443


81.6

443


-15.3

*

2.3

443


-16

248,801

Cocaine

443

98.3

443


77.0

443


-21.3

*

2.8

443


-22

223,167

Crack

382

99.2

382


75.4

382


-23.8

*

2.1

382


-24

212,232

Heroin

315

98.4

315


87.2

315


-11.2

*

2.6

315


-11

109,737

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

73.0

522


62.0

522


-11.0

*

2.6

522


-15

310,717

Health problems

437

74.7

437


58.0

437


-16.7

*

2.7

437


-22

224,300

Relationship problems

837

80.9

837


65.0

837


-15.9

*

1.7

837


-20

442,636

Pressure from employer

132

79.4

132


59.9

132


-19.6

*

4.2

132


-25

65,959

Financial problems

501

85.9

501


70.0

501


-15.9

*

1.8

501


-19

255,805

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

77.8

299


62.4

299


-15.5

*

2.3

299


-20

180,093

1 week - less than 1 month

473

80.2

473


60.7

473


-19.5

*

2.2

473


-24

238,656

1 month - less than 6 months

661

73.3

661


61.0

661


-12.3

*

2.8

661


-17

357,879

6 months or more

345

69.7

345


49.2

345


-20.5

*

2.9

345


-29

173,563

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

73.8

1,190


55.6

1,190


-18.2

*

2.0

1,190


-25

654,323

Treatment not completed

507

83.8

507


71.5

507


-12.3

*

2.4

507


-15

257,962

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

73.2

759


52.6

759


-20.6

*

2.1

759


-28

413,126

Somewhat/not helpful

977

78.7

977


65.9

977


-12.8

*

1.6

977


-16

517,915

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

61.9

531


42.3

531


-19.5

*

2.9

531


-32

316,289

1-2

708

80.3

708


65.3

708


-15.1

*

1.8

708


-19

368,042

3 or more

525

87.9

525


73.6

525


-14.4

*

2.0

525


-16

261,179

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

71.0

984


56.0

984


-15.0

*

2.1

984


-21

556,878

1-2

553

82.2

553


63.4

553


-18.7

*

2.1

553


-23

276,831

3 or more

244

85.4

244


68.3

244


-17.0

*

3.4

244


-20

122,008

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

66.0

839


45.3

839


-20.7

*

2.4

839


-31

486,859

1 or more

943

85.9

943


74.3

943


-11.6

*

1.5

943


-14

470,919

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.


(page 3 of 3)


Table B-18. Percentage who used marijuana during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using marijuana 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

56.5

1,789


41.0

1,774


-16.0

*

1.6

1774


-28

952,103

Sex















Male

1,251

58.3

1,245


44.6

1,233


-14.3

*

1.6

1,233


-25

678,503

Female

548

52.2

544


32.1

541


-20.3

*

2.5

541


-39

273,600

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

60.0

1,098


44.1

1,090


-16.1

*

1.9

1,090


-27

575,168

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

53.7

492


37.2

485


-17.8

*

2.2

485


-33

264,795

Hispanic

137

37.6

137


24.3

137


-13.2

*

3.1

137


-35

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

67.8

156


69.5

156


1.7


4.6

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

66.3

672


51.6

667


-15.0

*

2.2

667


-23

377,636

30 - 39

660

57.1

656


35.1

649


-22.7

*

2.5

649


-40

341,290

40 +

309

26.4

305


14.3

302


-12.7

*

2.1

302


-48

155,571

Education















1 to 9 years

306

48.4

304


36.6

301


-12.5

*

3.1

301


-26

169,899

10 to 11 years

487

60.6

485


44.9

479


-16.6

*

2.4

479


-27

264,029

12 years or GED

517

58.5

514


45.0

512


-13.6

*

2.5

512


-23

267,865

College/grad school

486

55.5

483


35.3

479


-20.5

*

2.7

479


-37

247,669

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

54.8

696


36.0

690


-19.0

*

1.5

690


-35

353,161

Residential

326

67.9

323


47.1

320


-21.6

*

3.1

320


-32

170,713

Outpatient methadone

217

58.5

216


39.3

215


-19.4

*

3.2

215


-33

47,558

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

52.8

554


43.2

549


-10.2

*

2.6

549


-19

380,671

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

54.1

1,110


40.1

1,099


-14.5

*

1.9

1,099


-27

610,531

Marijuana

443

95.7

441


78.1

441


-17.7

*

2.2

441


-18

248,497

Cocaine

443

71.2

429


50.7

428


-20.7

*

2.8

428


-29

221,256

Crack

382

70.3

378


45.9

375


-25.0

*

2.7

375


-36

208,461

Heroin

315

58.9

312


38.0

310


-21.5

*

2.6

310


-37

107,088

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

61.1

519


49.1

516


-12.5

*

2.8

516


-20

306,403

Health problems

437

56.1

434


37.8

431


-18.4

*

3.0

431


-33

222,156

Relationship problems

837

60.0

834


44.3

827


-16.3

*

1.6

827


-27

437,207

Pressure from employer

132

51.1

132


39.8

132


-11.3

*

3.8

132


-22

65,959

Financial problems

501

67.7

497


46.7

495


-21.2

*

2.1

495


-31

252,217

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

54.3

296


38.0

295


-16.1

*

2.2

295


-30

177,819

1 week - less than 1 month

473

57.8

472


36.9

466


-21.8

*

2.5

466


-38

234,422

1 month - less than 6 months

661

57.1

657


47.6

652


-10.0

*

2.7

652


-18

352,643

6 months or more

345

53.6

343


34.6

340


-19.7

*

3.5

340


-37

170,399

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

54.5

1,185


38.2

1,174


-16.9

*

1.8

1,174


-31

644,497

Treatment not completed

507

64.2

503


50.4

500


-14.1

*

2.2

500


-22

253,986

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

52.9

753


33.0

744


-20.6

*

2.2

744


-39

404,392

Somewhat/not helpful

977

60.4

974


48.2

968


-12.6

*

1.8

968


-21

512,652

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

48.8

528


34.5

521


-15.1

*

2.8

521


-31

309,405

1-2

708

59.6

706


45.0

701


-15.1

*

2.0

701


-25

363,710

3 or more

525

63.5

522


45.0

519


-18.6

*

2.1

519


-29

258,878

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

54.1

977


40.8

967


-13.9

*

2.2

967


-26

545,856

1-2

553

61.4

552


43.4

549


-18.3

*

2.1

549


-30

274,586

3 or more

244

60.0

242


38.9

240


-21.2

*

2.8

240


-35

120,367

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

52.1

836


35.2

827


-17.6

*

2.1

827


-34

478,489

1 or more

943

61.8

936


47.7

930


-14.4

*

1.8

930


-23

464,381

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.


(page 3 of 3)


Table B-19. Percentage who used cocaine during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using cocaine 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

42.9

1,788


23.4

1,790


-19.5

*

2.0

1,785


-45

958,818

Sex















Male

1,251

42.2

1,244


23.8

1,246


-18.4

*

2.2

1,242


-44

684,821

Female

548

44.7

544


22.4

544


-22.3

*

2.6

543


-50

273,998

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

45.5

1,096


23.9

1,097


-21.6

*

2.7

1,095


-47

576,695

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

41.2

495


23.0

495


-18.2

*

2.9

493


-44

271,053

Hispanic

137

30.5

136


21.6

137


-9.4

*

3.6

136


-31

79,065

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

20.2

155


28.8

156


8.5


5.1

155


n.s.

77,439

18 - 29

674

49.1

671


25.8

672


-23.3

*

3.2

671


-47

379,065

30 - 39

660

48.9

656


25.0

655


-24.0

*

2.4

653


-49

343,156

40 +

309

26.2

306


12.0

307


-14.4

*

2.7

306


-55

159,158

Education















1 to 9 years

306

37.2

302


25.5

303


-11.8

*

3.6

302


-32

171,868

10 to 11 years

487

47.0

485


23.7

485


-23.2

*

3.0

484


-49

267,176

12 years or GED

517

42.1

515


23.9

515


-18.4

*

2.7

514


-44

269,680

College/grad school

486

43.5

483


21.5

484


-22.0

*

3.6

482


-51

247,454

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

45.2

695


23.8

697


-21.3

*

2.5

694


-47

353,296

Residential

326

53.4

324


24.3

324


-29.2

*

3.9

323


-55

171,999

Outpatient methadone

217

61.2

217


49.3

217


-12.0

*

4.4

216


-20

47,711

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

33.9

552


19.5

553


-14.4

*

3.0

552


-42

385,813

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

37.9

1,112


19.6

1,114


-18.4

*

2.4

1,111


-49

617,219

Marijuana

443

48.5

443


27.4

442


-21.2

*

3.8

442


-44

248,641

Cocaine

443

92.8

428


54.2

430


-38.5

*

3.4

426


-41

219,797

Crack

382

54.8

377


22.7

379


-31.9

*

4.0

377


-58

209,263

Heroin

315

71.1

313


47.3

313


-23.4

*

2.9

312


-33

108,102

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

42.8

520


26.2

520


-16.6

*

3.8

520


-39

308,878

Health problems

437

43.7

435


20.9

436


-22.9

*

2.3

435


-52

223,675

Relationship problems

837

46.1

832


24.7

834


-21.5

*

2.6

831


-47

439,938

Pressure from employer

132

48.2

132


23.2

132


-25.0

*

5.4

132


-52

65,959

Financial problems

501

53.8

497


27.5

498


-26.4

*

2.1

497


-49

253,944

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

47.0

296


26.6

296


-20.7

*

3.1

295


-44

178,052

1 week - less than 1 month

473

48.0

470


22.8

470


-25.2

*

2.9

468


-53

236,009

1 month - less than 6 months

661

39.3

657


25.0

659


-14.3

*

3.0

657


-36

355,161

6 months or more

345

37.3

344


15.5

344


-21.8

*

2.9

344


-58

172,776

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

42.6

1,182


20.8

1,185


-21.7

*

2.4

1,181


-51

647,728

Treatment not completed

507

46.7

504


30.6

503


-16.2

*

2.6

502


-35

256,365

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

41.3

753


17.2

754


-24.0

*

2.5

753


-58

409,359

Somewhat/not helpful

977

44.8

972


28.4

973


-16.5

*

2.5

969


-37

513,489

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

33.4

527


14.7

527


-18.9

*

3.2

526


-57

313,672

1-2

708

43.4

706


25.0

706


-18.5

*

2.5

704


-43

365,791

3 or more

525

55.1

421


32.5

423


-22.4

*

2.2

421


-41

258,642

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

40.0

978


20.9

977


-19.2

*

2.8

976


-48

552,501

1-2

553

44.3

551


24.7

552


-19.6

*

2.3

550


-44

275,087

3 or more

244

57.2

241


34.1

243


-22.5

*

2.5

241


-39

119,936

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

35.0

833


14.8

834


-20.2

*

2.9

831


-58

482,366

1 or more

943

51.5

938


32.5

939


-19.0

*

2.0

937


-37

467,220

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990 who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using crack 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

29.0

1,791


24.3

1,786


-4.8

*

1.6

1784


-17

957,890

Sex















Male

1,251

27.5

1,248


24.1

1,243


-3.5

*

1.7

1,243


-13

685,167

Female

548

32.9

543


24.8

543


-8.0

*

2.8

541


-24

272,723

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

20.4

1,099


18.5

1,093


-1.9


1.5

1,093


n.s.

575,142

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

52.9

493


40.6

494


-12.3

*

3.7

492


-23

270,609

Hispanic

137

13.7

137


13.4

137


-0.3


3.1

137


n.s.

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

5.1

156


15.4

156


10.3

*

3.6

156


202

77,605

18 - 29

674

35.2

671


28.2

668


-7.0

*

2.1

668


-20

378,275

30 - 39

660

34.2

657


27.5

655


-6.9

*

2.8

653


-20

342,387

40 +

309

15.0

307


12.5

307


-2.4


2.0

307


n.s.

159,623

Education















1 to 9 years

306

21.6

306


22.7

304


1.0


2.7

304


n.s.

172,603

10 to 11 years

487

33.6

484


28.2

484


-5.7

*

2.9

483


-17

266,668

12 years or GED

517

26.0

515


22.3

514


-3.6


2.4

514


n.s.

269,137

College/grad school

486

32.9

483


23.7

481


-9.3

*

2.8

480


-28

246,840

(page 1 of 3)















Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Residential

326

48.5

324


33.8

322


-15.3

*

4.4

321


-32

170,542

Outpatient methadone

217

24.2

215


23.7

215


-0.5


5.9

215


n.s.

47,248

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

14.0

554


13.7

553


-0.3


2.2

553


n.s.

384,577

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

22.7

1,112


21.1

1,110


-1.8


1.7

1,108


n.s.

614,420

Marijuana

443

23.6

443


21.3

440


-2.4


3.0

440


n.s.

247,306

Cocaine

443

43.2

431


35.2

430


-7.9

*

3.4

429


-18

220,786

Crack

382

90.6

380


64.1

381


-26.4

*

3.3

379


-29

210,659

Heroin

315

33.7

313


26.6

313


-7.1


4.1

313


n.s.

109,114

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

22.3

520


21.1

518


-1.4


2.7

518


n.s.

307,446

Health problems

437

28.4

436


21.2

435


-7.0

*

2.8

435


-25

223,230

Relationship problems

837

35.2

834


29.4

833


-5.9

*

2.1

832


-17

439,592

Pressure from employer

132

28.4

132


25.5

132


-2.8


3.4

132


n.s.

65,959

Financial problems

501

39.7

499


33.5

500


-6.3

*

1.9

499


-16

254,241

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

36.5

297


32.2

296


-4.1


2.7

296


n.s.

178,252

1 week - less than 1 month

473

39.1

470


27.8

469


-11.7

*

2.9

467


-30

234,876

1 month - less than 6 months

661

25.0

660


23.4

658


-1.4


2.5

658


n.s.

356,159

6 months or more

345

16.9

343


12.8

342


-4.2


2.8

342


n.s.

171,782

(page 2 of 3)















Table B-20 Percentage who used crack during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Treatment not completed

507

34.2

507


28.6

506


-5.4

*

2.3

506


-16

257,358

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

31.5

756


25.5

755


-5.9

*

2.8

755


-19

411,065

Somewhat/not helpful

977

27.8

973


23.6

969


-4.2

*

1.8

967


-15

511,765

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

20.0

529


12.6

528


-7.4

*

2.4

528


-37

314,281

1-2

708

29.7

706


26.4

704


-3.4


2.3

704


n.s.

365,791

3 or more

525

40.2

522


36.5

521


-3.8


2.6

519


n.s.

257,708

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

26.5

979


22.7

978


-3.8


2.0

978


n.s.

553,014

1-2

553

31.2

551


25.5

547


-5.8

*

2.3

546


-19

273,007

3 or more

244

37.6

243


30.0

243


-7.7

*

3.6

242


-20

120,576

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

22.6

836


14.6

834


-8.0

*

2.2

833


-35

483,356

1 or more

943

36.2

938


34.7

935


-1.5


2.0

934


n.s.

465,302

(page 3 of 3)















Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and


Table B-21. Percentage who used heroin during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using heroin 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

13.8

1,791


12.0

1,788


-1.9

*

0.7

1787


-14

959,101

Sex















Male

1,251

12.9

1,244


11.7

1,242


-1.3


0.9

1,241


n.s.

684,063

Female

548

15.9

547


12.6

546


-3.3

*

1.3

546


-21

275,039

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

12.2

1,097


10.4

1,096


-1.8


0.9

1,096


n.s.

577,497

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

18.4

496


15.1

496


-3.4

*

1.1

495


-18

271,310

Hispanic

137

10.7

137


14.0

137


3.3


2.2

137


n.s.

79,065

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

1.6

156


6.5

156


4.9


2.7

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

11.2

671


10.2

671


-1.0


1.0

671


n.s.

379,909

30 - 39

660

20.6

658


16.6

656


-4.0

*

1.5

656


-19

344,112

40 +

309

11.1

306


8.5

305


-2.7

*

0.9

304


-24

157,476

Education















1 to 9 years

306

11.9

302


11.9

301


0.0


1.7

301


n.s.

170,167

10 to 11 years

487

15.7

487


12.7

487


-3.0


1.7

487


n.s.

268,639

12 years or GED

517

12.3

515


11.0

512


-1.4


1.4

512


n.s.

268,274

College/grad school

486

14.5

484


12.4

485


-2.1


1.4

484


n.s.

249,380

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

14.5

697


12.6

695


-1.9


1.2

695


n.s.

354,549

Residential

326

9.2

323


9.0

324


-0.2


1.4

324


n.s.

172,006

Outpatient methadone

217

82.1

216


60.1

216


-22.1

*

3.4

216


-27

47,820

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

6.7

555


6.7

553


-0.1


3.2

553


n.s.

384,726

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

9.1

1,112


7.1

1,109


-2.0

*

0.8

1,108


-22

613,657

Marijuana

443

7.9

443


7.7

442


-0.2


1.1

442


n.s.

248,025

Cocaine

443

23.0

433


22.1

431


-1.0


2.1

431


n.s.

222,191

Crack

382

13.1

378


9.3

379


-3.8

*

1.5

378


-29

209,962

Heroin

315

92.6

315


74.7

315


-17.9

*

3.5

315


-19

109,737

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

11.4

520


11.5

520


0.2


1.2

520


n.s.

308,878

Health problems

437

17.4

435


16.1

434


-1.4


1.8

434


n.s.

222,319

Relationship problems

837

14.8

834


13.1

832


-1.8


0.8

831


n.s.

438,462

Pressure from employer

132

12.4

132


11.8

131


-0.7


3.1

131


n.s.

65,183

Financial problems

501

20.9

500


19.4

499


-1.5


1.6

499


n.s.

254,288

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

16.5

295


14.7

294


-1.8


1.3

294


n.s.

177,044

1 week - less than 1 month

473

16.7

472


13.9

473


-2.7


1.4

472


n.s.

238,059

1 month - less than 6 months

661

9.7

660


9.5

658


-0.3


1.1

658


n.s.

355,539

6 months or more

345

15.6

343


12.3

342


-3.4

*

1.7

342


-22

171,639

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

13.2

1,185


10.3

1,182


-3.0

*

0.9

1,181


-23

647,979

Treatment not completed

507

16.8

505


17.7

505


0.9


1.4

505


n.s.

256,447

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

12.2

754


9.6

753


-2.7

*

1.2

753


-22

408,221

Somewhat/not helpful

977

15.7

975


14.6

973


-1.1


1.2

972


n.s.

514,961

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

4.8

529


2.8

528


-2.0

*

0.9

528


-42

313,547

1-2

708

11.9

705


12.1

703


0.2


0.2

702


n.s.

364,730

3 or more

525

27.7

524


23.2

524


-4.5

*

0.1

524


-16

260,714

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

8.3

978


7.2

977


-1.1


0.9

976


n.s.

550,865

1-2

553

16.8

552


13.9

550


-3.0

*

1.5

550


-18

275,538

3 or more

244

33.2

244


30.1

244


-3.1


2.1

244


n.s.

122,008

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

6.5

837


5.0

836


-1.5


0.9

836


n.s.

484,117

1 or more

943

21.3

937


19.1

935


-2.3

*

0.9

934


-11

465,751

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-22. Percentage in inpatient treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using any illicit drug 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

1,799

75.4

1,799


59.3

1,799


-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

976,012

Total Inpatient

700

77.7

700


58.4

700


-19.2

*

1.9

700


-25

357,954

Sex















Male

497

74.9

497


60.8

497


-14.1

*

1.9

497


-19

257,250

Female

203

84.8

203


52.4

203


-32.5

*

3.3

203


-38

100,704

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

414

73.0

414


50.6

414


-22.4

*

3.1

414


-31

201,090

Black (non-Hispanic)

220

84.8

220


67.0

220


-17.8

*

3.7

220


-21

126,654

Hispanic

45

74.1

45


69.4

45


-4.7


5.4

45


n.s.

19,394

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

47

87.7

47


64.0

47


-23.7

*

9.8

47


-27

15,262

18 - 29

242

91.3

242


71.3

242


-19.9

*

2.9

242


-22

134,589

30 - 39

263

84.4

263


63.4

263


-21.0

*

3.7

263


-25

133,050

40 +

148

39.3

148


25.4

148


-14.0

*

3.6

148


-36

75,053

Education















1 to 9 years

124

72.0

124


61.3

124


-10.7

*

4.5

124


-15

67,210

10 to 11 years

191

83.3

191


64.6

191


-18.7

*

3.0

191


-22

101,836

12 years or GED

195

75.6

195


54.4

195


-21.1

*

3.3

195


-28

97,331

College/grad school

189

77.7

189


53.5

189


-24.2

*

4.3

189


-31

91,070

(page 1 of 3)






























Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

473

67.1

473


48.1

473


-19.0

*

2.3

473


-28

231,258

Marijuana

133

97.9

133


79.5

133


-18.3

*

3.8

133


-19

63,612

Cocaine

175

99.0

175


75.4

175


-23.5

*

5.7

175


-24

93,971

Crack

187

99.0

187


78.7

187


-20.4

*

3.3

187


-21

104,326

Heroin

78

98.2

78


87.0

78


-11.2

*

5.0

78


-11

43,867

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

136

81.6

136


74.0

136


-7.7

*

3.3

136


-9

69,867

Health problems

206

75.8

206


22.5

206


-20.6

*

3.7

206


-27

103,336

Relationship problems

350

82.1

350


63.6

350


-18.5

*

2.7

350


-23

180,318

Pressure from employer

58

85.0

58


58.6

58


-26.4

*

7.0

58


-31

25,730

Financial problems

218

88.0

218


72.8

218


-15.2

*

2.8

218


-17

115,496

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

223

77.6

223


65.4

223


-12.2

*

2.2

223


-16

131,648

1 week - less than 1 month

288

80.3

288


55.9

288


-24.4

*

3.1

288


-30

140,726

1 month - less than 6 months

150

76.4

150


52.9

150


-23.5

*

4.7

150


-31

69,404

6 months or more

34

58.4

34


45.9

34


-12.5


6.7

34


n.s.

13,779

Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

528

75.8

528


56.2

528


-19.6

*

2.6

528


-26

272,886

Treatment not completed

152

87.7

152


68.9

152


-18.8

*

4.2

152


-21

76,745

(page 2 of 3)















Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

339

75.3

339


52.8

339


-22.5

*

3.0

339


-30

178,667

Somewhat/not helpful

351

80.3

351


64.6

351


-15.7

*

2.5

351


-20

174,094

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

188

72.3

188


44.3

188


-28.1

*

3.8

188


-39

88,985

1-2

272

78.8

272


59.2

272


-19.6

*

2.8

272


-25

139,982

3 or more

222

83.7

222


70.9

222


-12.8

*

3.1

222


-15

118,086

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

373

78.7

373


57.9

373


-20.7

*

3.0

373


-26

190,069

1-2

202

77.3

202


59.1

202


-18.2

*

2.8

202


-24

101,145

3 or more

116

81.1

116


63.0

116


-18.1

*

6.0

116


-22

61,101

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

302

66.8

302


41.0

302


-25.8

*

2.9

302


-39

149,163

1 or more

391

86.2

391


91.4

391


-14.8

*

1.8

391


-17

205,246

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-23. Percentage in residential treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using any illicit drug 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

1,799

75.4

1,799


59.3

1,799


-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

976,01 2

Total Residential

326

88.8

326


68.6

326


-20.2

*

2.5

326


-23

173,81 1

Sex















Male

252

87.5

252


69.0

252


-18.5

*

2.8

252


-21

136,07 0

Female

74

93.2

74


67.1

74


-26.1

*

5.3

74


-28

37,742

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

197

85.7

197


70.9

197


-14.8

*

3.4

197


-17

103,41 4

Black (non-Hispanic)

102

94.7

102


64.3

102


-30.4

*

5.2

102


-32

57,968

Hispanic

13

90.6

13


62.1

13


-28.5

*

1.3

13


n.a.

4,953

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

28

81.8

28


89.3

28


7.5


7.6

28


n.s.

8,723

18 - 29

147

95.8

147


75.5

147


-20.3

*

3.3

147


-21

85,987

30 - 39

116

88.7

116


60.0

116


-28.7

*

3.9

116


-32

63,217

40 +

35

54.9

35


54.2

35


-0.8


0.8

35


n.s.

15,889

Education















1 to 9 years

46

75.8

46


64.6

46


-11.3


6.9

46


n.s.

24,589

10 to 11 years

102

92.8

102


69.9

102


-22.9

*

5.7

102


-25

53,421

12 years or GED

95

88.1

95


72.5

95


-15.6

*

4.5

95


-18

48,608

College/grad school

83

91.6

83


65.1

83


-26.5

*

4.6

83


-29

47,193

(page 1 of 3)















Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

200

85.6

200


67.3

200


-18.3

*

3.3

200


-21

107,02

Marijuana

105

95.1

105


81.0

105


-14.1

*

3.8

105


-15

54,202

Cocaine

79

99.2

79


77.5

79


-21.8

*

5.7

79


-22

44,108

Crack

120

99.8

120


68.7

120


-31.1

*

3.4

120


-31

67,642

Heroin

27

100.0

27


83.0

27


-17.0


10.2

27


n.s.

11,087

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

108

92.3

108


76.3

108


-15.9

*

3.7

108


-17

51,554

Health problems

75

86.5

75


67.7

75


-18.8

*

6.8

75


-22

37,323

Relationship problems

155

93.2

155


78.9

155


-14.3

*

3.8

155


-15

87,291

Pressure from employer

25

95.8

25


77.6

25


-18.2

*

8.3

25


-19

14,536

Financial problems

80

97.7

80


86.7

80


-10.9

*

2.8

80


-11

40,502

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

46

80.5

46


62.3

46


-18.2

*

5.1

46


-23

30,420

1 week - less than 1 month

92

86.4

92


67.3

92


-19.2

*

3.9

92


-22

58,696

1 month - less than 6 months

137

95.6

137


74.9

137


-20.8

*

3.4

137


-22

62,830

6 months or more

48

85.1

48


58.1

48


-27.0

*

10.5

48


-32

19,505

Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

201

88.3

201


65.2

201


-23.1

*

3.3

201


-26

105,66 0

Treatment not completed

112

92.9

112


76.2

112


-16.7

*

5.5

112


-18

59,295

(page 2 of 3)















Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful


90.6

152


64.5

152


-26.0

*

4.5

152


-29

79,256

Somewhat/not helpful


89.5

165


74.4

165


-15.1

*

3.2

165


-17

88,857

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

83

83.8

83


55.1

83


-28.8

*

7.6

83


-34

47,629

1-2

129

91.4

129


71.0

129


-20.4

*

4.1

129


-22

65,995

3 or more

105

94.2

105


79.7

105


-14.5

*

4.3

105


-15

54,581

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0


86.7

165


66.5

165


-20.2

*

3.9

165


-23

90,964

1-2


89.7

108


68.4

108


-21.3

*

4.6

108


-24

54,733

3 or more


96.4

50


77.6

50


-18.8

*

6.6

50


-20

26,628

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0


87.4

143


55.5

143


-31.9

*

5.2

143


-36

79,143

1 or more


90.9

178


80.8

178


-10.1

*

2.6

178


-11

91,758

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-24. Percentage in outpatient methadone treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using any illicit drug 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

1,799

75.4

1,799


59.3

1,799


-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

976,01 2

Total Outpatient Methadone

217

95.2

217


86.1

217


-9.1

*

1.8

217


-10

47,871

Sex















Male

121

94.0

121


86.3

121


-7.6

*

2.4

121


-8

26,400

Female

96

96.7

96


85.9

96


-10.8

*

2.7

96


-11

21,471

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

108

93.4

108


78.9

108


-14.6

*

2.5

108


-16

22,402

Black (non-Hispanic)

79

96.5

79


94.8

79


-1.7


0.9

79


n.s.

18,827

Hispanic

24

96.9

24


90.9

24


-6.0


4.4

24


n.s.

5,490

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

1

100.0

1


100.0

1


0.0


0.0

1


n.a.

990

18 - 29

71

95.8

71


80.0

71


-15.8

*

4.7

71


-16

12,634

30 - 39

101

95.5

101


89.9

101


-5.6

*

2.2

101


-6

23,951

40 +

44

93.2

44


83.5

44


-9.8

*

4.3

44


-11

10,296

Education















1 to 9 years

33

97.1

33


77.6

33


-19.5

*

9.1

33


-20

5,911

10 to 11 years

58

98.6

58


88.2

58


-10.4

*

3.4

58


-11

14,015

12 years or GED

62

93.3

62


87.0

62


-6.3


3.8

62


n.s.

13,186

College/grad school

64

92.9

64


86.8

64


-6.1


3.3

64


n.s.

14,758

(page 1 of 3)















Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

55

93.8

55


88.1

55


-5.7

*

2.4

55


-6

14,588

Marijuana

22

96.5

22


88.3

22


-8.3


5.9

22


n.s.

4,928

Cocaine

72

98.2

72


91.9

72


-6.2

*

3.0

72


-6

17,245

Crack

15

100.0

15


89.6

15


-10.4


8.2

15


n.s.

4,054

Heroin

178

97.4

178


88.9

178


-8.4

*

2.0

178


-9

37,915

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

28

91.0

28


88.8

28


-2.3


3.7

28


n.s.

7,932

Health problems

50

97.2

50


89.7

50


-7.5


3.9

50


n.s.

12,159

Relationship problems

106

97.1

106


92.2

106


-4.9

*

2.0

106


-5

22,498

Pressure from employer

13

100.0

13


100.0

13


0.0


0.0

13


n.s.

2,343

Financial problems

86

97.1

86


88.5

86


-8.7

*

3.1

86


-9

17,002

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

11

88.8

11


88.8

11


0.0


0.0

11


n.s.

3,145

1 week - less than 1 month

53

92.4

53


93.7

53


1.3


2.2

53


n.s.

11,344

1 month - less than 6 months

67

98.8

67


90.0

67


-8.8

*

3.2

67


-9

15,712

6 months or more

85

94.5

85


75.8

85


-18.7

*

4.2

85


-20

16,552

Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

95

96.8

95


85.9

95


-10.9

*

2.7

95


-11

22,157

Treatment not completed

99

96.9

99


91.0

99


-5.9

*

2.3

99


-6

21,649

(page 2 of 3)















Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

63

98.6

63


85.5

63


-13.1

*

4.6

63


-13

13,532

Somewhat/not helpful

138

95.1

138


89.1

138


-6.0

*

1.7

138


-6

31,837

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

31

91.3

31


79.2

31


-12.1

*

6.0

31


-13

8,565

1-2

89

95.2

89


89.6

89


-5.6


2.9

89


n.s.

17,797

3 or more

94

99.2

94


88.2

94


-11.0

*

2.6

94


-11

20,920

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

91

93.2

91


85.4

91


-7.8

*

2.6

91


-8

21,126

1-2

83

97.9

83


89.3

83


-8.6

*

3.9

83


-9

15,486

3 or more

41

100.0

41


87.3

41


-12.7

*

4.8

41


-13

10,720

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

59

93.9

59


80.9

59


-12.9

*

4.5

59


-14

14,716

1 or more

155

97.4

155


89.8

155


-7.5

*

2.0

155


-8

32,456

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

n.a. Significant percentage difference is not reported due to extremely small sample size of less than 20 cases.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-25. Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who used any illicit drug during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage using any illicit drug 5 or more times




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

1,799

75.4

1,799


59.3

1,799


-16.1

*

1.5

1,799


-21

976,012

Total Outpatient

Nonmethadone

556

64.9

556


52.6

556


-12.3

*

2.6

556


-19

387,375

Sex















Male

381

63.0

381


53.7

381


-9.3

*

2.5

381


-15

270,690

Female

175

69.3

175


50.1

175


-19.2

*

4.6

175


-28

116,686

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

382

73.5

382


60.1

382


-13.4

*

3.7

382


-18

253,904

Black (non-Hispanic)

98

61.0

98


47.0

98


-14.0

*

2.8

98


-23

70,613

Hispanic

55

30.5

55


21.5

55


-9.1

*

3.3

55


-30

4,962

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

80

63.9

80


73.8

80


9.9

*

4.5

80


15

52,631

18 - 29

214

74.4

214


60.1

214


-14.4

*

3.4

214


-19

148,141

30 - 39

180

71.3

180


51.4

180


-19.9

*

4.4

180


-28

126,701

40 +

82

28.9

82


18.2

82


-10.7

*

3.4

82


-37

59,903

Education















1 to 9 years

103

52.0

103


38.4

103


-13.6

*

4.3

103


-26

75,553

10 to 11 years

136

75.2

136


64.1

136


-11.1

*

5.6

136


-15

99,366

12 years or GED

165

67.3

165


56.4

165


-10.9

*

3.9

165


-16

112,580

College/grad school

150

61.8

150


47.3

150


-14.5

*

4.7

143


-23

97,742

(page 1 of 3)















Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

389

58.9

389


49.8

389


-9.1

*

3.0

389


-15

267,578

Marijuana

183

97.1

183


82.6

183


-14.5

*

3.5

183


-15

126,059

Cocaine

107

96.9

107


75.1

107


-21.8

*

4.6

107


-22

67,863

Crack

60

98.3

60


77.0

60


-21.3

*

6.6

60


-22

36,209

Heroin

32

100.0

32


86.6

32


-13.4

*

6.6

32


-13

16,867

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

250

63.5

250


52.2

250


-11.3

*

4.1

250


-18

181,365

Health problems

106

63.0

106


51.5

106


-11.6

*

4.9

106


-18

71,482

Relationship problems

226

90.2

226


54.7

226


-15.4

*

3.5

226


-17

152,529

Pressure from employer

36

61.1

36


46.2

36


-14.9


8.0

36


n.s.

23,350

Financial problems

117

74.8

117


54.1

117


-20.7

*

4.2

117


-28

82,805

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

19

72.5

19


30.6

19


-41.8

*

10.3

19


-58

14,881

1 week - less than 1 month

40

62.0

40


57.9

40


-4.1


5.0

40


n.s.

27,892

1 month - less than 6 months

307

63.7

307


57.3

307


-6.4


3.9

307


n.s.

209,932

6 months or more

178

65.2

178


44.5

178


-20.6

*

3.4

178


-32

123,726

Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

366

63.5

366


48.3

366


-15.3

*

3.5

366


-24

253,621

Treatment not completed

144

72.7

144


66.6

144


-6.1

*

3.5

144


-8

100,273

(page 2 of 3)















Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

205

58.5

205


42.6

205


-15.9

*

4.1

205


-27

141,670

Somewhat/not helpful

323

70.7

323


60.2

323


-10.5

*

2.9

323


-15

223,127

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

229

48.8

229


35.9

229


-12.9

*

3.8

229


-26

171,110

1-2

218

74.9

218


65.6

218


-9.3

*

2.9

218


-12

144,269

3 or more

104

86.8

104


68.8

104


-18.0

*

3.2

104


-21

67,589

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

355

57.8

355


48.4

355


-9.4

*

3.1

355


-16

254,719

1-2

160

80.6

160


61.2

160


-19.4

*

3.9

160


-24

105,467

3 or more

37

77.2

37


62.9

37


-14.4


8.6

37


n.s.

23,559

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

335

56.8

335


42.5

335


-14.4

*

3.3

335


-25

243,837

1 or more

219

79.8

219


70.9

219


-8.9


3.4

219


n.s.

141,460

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and

August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-26. Percentage who reported any criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Criminal Activity

Percentage reporting criminal activity




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

Vehicle theft

9.0

1,790


4.0

1,789


-5.0

*

0.9

1,789


-56

962,296

Driving while intoxicated (DWI)

60.5

1,794


43.3

1,786


-17.1

*

2.8

1,786


-28

962,391

Driving under the influence (DUI)

54.1

1,793


40.4

1,785


-13.6

*

1.8

1,784


-25

961,093

Public disorder

28.1

1,792


19.6

1,785


-8.5

*

1.2

1,785


-30

961,052

Sell drugs

34.7

1,786


24.2

1,787


-10.5

*

1.4

1,786


-30

962,389

Prostitution/procurement

12.8

1,790


9.5

1,790


-3.2

*

0.9

1,790


-25

963,696

Fraud/forgery

13.7

1,792


10.3

1,792


-3.5

*

1.0

1,792


-26

963,348

Theft/larceny

27.3

1,791


17.2

1,788


-10.0

*

1.5

1,787


-37

960,815

Breaking and entering

13.6

1,792


8.4

1,793


-5.2

*

1.2

1,792


-38

964,140

Armed robbery

3.4

1,794


3.4

1,793


0.0


0.6

1,793


n.s.

963,674

Arson

1.5

1,794


0.6

1,793


-0.9


0.3

1,793


n.s.

964,585

Threaten/attack

12.4

1,792


9.4

1,791


-2.9

*

1.0

1,791


-23

962,441

Use force for sex

0.7

1,792


0.6

1,791


-0.1


0.3

1,791


n.s.

965,569

Homicide

0.4

1,792


0.1

1,792


-0.3


0.2

1,792


n.s.

963,618

Violate parole

16.6

1,788


20.9

1,784


4.3

*

1.4

1,784


26

960,137

Arrested

65.7

1,781


54.4

1,782


-11.3

*

2.6

1,750


-17

942,237

(page 1 of 2)














Spent time in jail, prison, detention, or probation or parole+

42.8

1,792


56.8

1,533


7.3

*

1.8

1,528


17

813,503

Supported self mainly through criminal activity

27.2

1,782


17.6

1,782


-9.5

*

1.1

1,776


-35

955,980

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

+ There were a large number of cases missing for this variable during the five years after the SROS episode because of item non-response on the five questions that were combined to create this variable.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-27. Percentage in inpatient treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Criminal Activity

Percentage reporting criminal activity




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Vehicle theft

9.2

695


4.3

694


-4.9

*

1.2

694


-53

356,292

Driving while intoxicated (DWI)

58.8

696


41.9

692


-16.7

*

3.0

692


-28

356,445

Driving under the influence (DUI)

56.8

696


41.2

693


-15.5

*

2.1

693


-27

355,935

Public disorder

28.2

695


21.2

694


-6.8

*

2.0

694


-24

356,043

Sell drugs

34.7

693


23.3

694


-11.5

*

1.7

693


-33

355,052

Prostitution/procurement

14.8

695


12.1

695


-2.7


1.7

695


n.s.

355,704

Fraud/forgery

16.4

696


11.3

696


-5.1

*

1.8

696


-31

356,445

Theft/larceny

29.3

696


19.7

694


-9.4

*

2.4

694


-32

355,193

Breaking and entering

14.4

696


8.8

696


-5.6

*

1.7

696


-39

356,445

Armed robbery

4.1

697


3.8

697


-0.3


1.0

697


n.s.

356,686

Arson

1.1

696


0.5

696


-0.6


0.5

696


n.s.

355,945

Threaten/attack

13.4

696


10.2

696


-3.2

*

1.2

696


-24

355,945

Use force for sex

0.8

695


1.1

695


0.3


0.5

695


n.s.

355,533

Homicide

0.3

694


0.3

694


0.1


0.1

694


n.s.

354,718

Violated parole

18.4

694


20.1

692


1.6


1.8

692


n.s.

355,700

Arrested

63.1

695


56.3

685


-6.7

*

2.6

682


-11

349,486

(page 1 of 2)














Spent time in jail, prison, detention, probation, or parole+

43.4

696


58.6

582


9.1

*

2.4

580


21

302,067

Supported self mainly through criminal activity

31.4

692


21.0

693


-10.1

*

1.8

690


-32

353,208

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

+ There were a large number of cases missing for this variable during the five years after the SROS episode because of item non-response on the five questions that were combined to create this variable.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-28. Percentage in residential treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Criminal Activity

Percentage reporting criminal activity




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Vehicle theft

11.2

326


5.7

326


-5.5

*

2.2

326


-49

173,811

Driving while intoxicated (DWI)

67.6

326


50.3

323


-17.7

*

2.8

323


-26

172,475

Driving under the influence (DUI)

60.3

326


49.4

325


-11.1

*

3.1

325


-18

173,214

Public disorder

34.2

326


24.2

324


-9.9

*

2.7

324


-29

172,749

Sell drugs

45.2

325


26.6

325


-18.6

*

2.7

325


-41

172,985

Prostitution/procurement

18.7

324


13.3

324


-5.4


3.1

324


n.s.

173,087

Fraud/forgery

20.1

326


13.5

326


-6.6

*

2.6

326


-33

173,811

Theft/larceny

34.7

326


22.4

326


-12.3

*

3.1

326


-35

173,811

Breaking and entering

18.7

324


11.3

325


-7.4

*

3.0

324


-40

172,608

Armed robbery

4.9

325


5.3

325


0.4


1.6

325


n.s.

172,985

Arson

1.0

326


0.6

326


-1.3


1.2

326


n.s.

173,811

Threaten/attack

16.6

325


11.1

325


-5.5

*

2.4

325


-33

172,985

Use force for sex

1.0

325


0.2

325


-0.8


0.8

325


n.s.

173,207

Homicide

0.6

326


0.0

323


-0.6


0.4

326


n.s.

173,811

Violated parole

21.1

325


33.5

325


12.4

*

2.5

325


59

172,693

Arrested

74.8

320


67.9

318


-7.2

*

3.5

315


-10

166,432

(page 1 of 2)














Spent time in jail, prison, detention, probation, or parole+

53.8

323


68.4

292


8.1

*

3.9

289


15

150,438

Supported self mainly through criminal activity

31.6

323


16.3

325


-15.2

*

3.7

323


-48

171,995

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

+ There were a large number of cases missing for this variable during the five years after the SROS episode because of item non-response on the five questions that were combined to create this variable.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-29. Percentage in methadone maintenance treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Criminal Activity

Percentage reporting criminal activity




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Vehicle theft

7.5

216


4.8

216


-2.7


1.4

216


n.s.

47,713

Driving while intoxicated (DWI)

46.9

216


29.0

216


-17.8

*

3.6

216


-38

47,713

Driving under the influence (DUI)

50.9

215


34.4

214


-15.9

*

3.8

213


-31

47,092

Public disorder

22.8

216


18.4

215


-4.4

*

1.8

215


-19

47,553

Sell drugs

47.3

214


31.0

214


-16.3

*

5.2

214


-34

47,064

Prostitution/procurement

22.4

215


18.3

215


-4.1


2.4

215


n.s.

47,530

Fraud/forgery

26.3

216


14.0

216


-12.4

*

5.2

216


-47

47,713

Theft/larceny

38.3

215


28.1

214


-9.9

*

3.8

213


-26

47,343

Breaking and entering

19.1

216


10.8

216


-8.2

*

3.9

216


-43

47,713

Armed robbery

3.9

216


2.3

216


-1.5


1.4

216


n.s.

47,713

Arson

1.3

216


0.0

216


-1.3


0.8

216


n.s.

47,713

Threaten/attack

8.7

216


5.9

216


-2.8


3.5

216


n.s.

47,713

Use force for sex

0.5

216


0.0

215


0.0


0.0

215


n.s.

47,453

Homicide

0.8

216


0.0

216


-0.8


0.5

216


n.s.

47,713

Violated parole

22.6

214


21.4

213


-0.8


4.2

213


n.s.

47,133

Arrested

67.9

214


60.8

213


-7.1


4.5

210


n.s.

46,631

(page 1 of 2)














Spent time in jail, prison, detention, probation, or parole+

45.3

217


59.0

198


9.9


6.0

198


n.s.

44,143

Supported self mainly through criminal activity

60.7

213


40.3

212


-20.2

*

4.3

212


-33

46,449

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

+ There were a large number of cases missing for this variable during the five years after the SROS episode because of item non-response on the five questions that were combined to create this variable.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-30. Percentage in outpatient nonmethadone treatment who reported criminal activity during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Criminal Activity

Percentage reporting criminal activity




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Vehicle theft

8.0

553


2.9

553


-5.1

*

1.6

553


-64

384,987

Driving while intoxicated (DWI)

60.5

556


43.3

555


-17.2

*

6.1

555


-28

387,191

Driving under the influence (DUI)

49.3

556


36.3

553


-12.8

*

3.6

553


-26

386,229

Public disorder

26.0

555


16.2

552


-9.9

*

2.3

552


-38

385,172

Sell drugs

28.4

554


23.1

554


-5.3

*

2.6

554


-19

387,287

Prostitution/procurement

7.1

556


4.4

556


-2.7

*

1.0

556


-38

387,375

Fraud/forgery

6.8

554


7.4

554


0.6


1.4

554


n.s.

385,379

Theft/larceny

20.8

554


11.5

554


-9.3

*

2.8

554


-45

385,379

Breaking and entering

9.9

556


6.5

556


-3.4


1.9

556


n.s.

387,375

Armed robbery

1.9

556


2.2

555


0.3


0.7

555


n.s.

386,290

Arson

1.6

556


0.7

555


-0.8


0.5

555


n.s.

387,116

Threaten/attack

10.0

555


8.3

554


-1.4


1.9

554


n.s.

385,797

Use force for sex

0.5

556


0.5

556


-0.1


0.3

556


n.s.

387,375

Homicide

0.5

556


0.0

556


-0.5


0.3

556


n.s.

387,375

Violated parole

12.2

555


15.9

554


3.7


2.0

554


n.s.

385,589

Arrested

63.8

552


46.0

546


-17.8

*

5.4

543


-28

379,688

(page 1 of 2)














Spent time in jail, prison, detention, probation, or parole+

37.1

556


49.3

461


4.8


3.4

461


n.s.

316,855

Supported self mainly through criminal activity

17.4

554


12.2

552


-5.0

*

1.8

551


-29

384,328

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

+ There were a large number of cases missing for this variable during the five years after the SROS episode because of item non-response on the five questions that were combined to create this variable.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-31. Percentage who drove under the influence during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage driving under the influence




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

54.1

1,793


40.4

1,785


-13.6

*

1.8

1784


-25

961,093

Sex















Male

1,251

57.7

1,246


44.7

1,240


-13.0

*

2.1

1,240


-23

686,356

Female

548

45.1

547


29.6

545


-15.2

*

2.7

544


-34

274,737

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

59.0

1,097


45.8

1,091


-13.1

*

2.0

1,091


-22

576,380

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

46.6

497


32.1

496


-14.4

*

3.0

495


-31

272,952

Hispanic

137

47.8

137


25.4

137


-22.4

*

5.3

137


-47

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

20.0

156


47.9

156


27.8

*

6.8

156


139

77,605

18 - 29

674

59.3

593


47.4

588


-11.8

*

2.4

588


-20

333,767

30 - 39

660

61.8

610


39.4

610


-22.4

*

2.2

609


-36

319,604

40 +

309

42.5

308


22.7

305


-19.3

*

2.9

305


-45

159,649

Education















1 to 9 years

306

53.4

305


38.8

304


-14.6

*

4.6

303


-27

171,763

10 to 11 years

487

51.8

486


39.6

483


-12.1

*

3.9

483


-23

267,491

12 years or GED

517

57.4

514


44.1

513


-13.3

*

3.7

513


-23

270,208

College/grad school

486

53.4

485


38.7

482


-14.4

*

2.1

482


-27

248,989

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

56.8

696


41.2

693


-15.5

*

2.1

693


-27

354,558

Residential

326

60.3

326


49.4

325


-11.1

*

3.1

325


-18

173,214

Outpatient methadone

217

50.9

215


34.4

214


-15.9

*

3.8

213


-31

47,092

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

49.3

556


36.3

553


-12.8

*

3.6

553


-26

386,229

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

55.3

115


39.5

1,109


-15.6

*

2.3

1,109


-28

616,636

Marijuana

443

60.6

442


55.8

441


-4.9


3.9

441


n.s.

247,293

Cocaine

443

58.0

431


42.1

429


-15.8

*

2.8

429


-27

210,366

Crack

382

65.3

379


49.8

379


-15.5

*

3.4

378


-24

221,700

Heroin

315

66.8

312


50.3

311


-16.2

*

3.9

310


-24

108,717

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

56.0

522


44.3

519


-11.7

*

3.3

519


-21

309,587

Health problems

437

55.1

436


38.8

435


-16.3

*

3.5

435


-30

223,875

Relationship problems

837

58.8

834


43.8

830


-14.9

*

2.2

830


-25

440,050

Pressure from employer

132

68.4

132


48.0

132


-20.5

*

4.4

132


-30

65,959

Financial problems

501

64.1

499


48.4

498


-15.7

*

2.7

498


-24

254,469

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

53.8

297


41.0

296


-12.6

*

3.3

296


-23

178,873

1 week - less than 1 month

473

60.6

471


44.2

469


-16.3

*

2.7

469


-27

236,563

1 month - less than 6 months

661

51.4

660


41.2

657


-10.0

*

3.1

657


-19

356,491

6 months or more

345

50.2

344


31.3

343


-18.8

*

3.3

342


-37

172,942

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

54.6

1,188


37.9

1,185


-16.6

*

2.0

1,185


-30

652,229

Treatment not completed

507

55.2

503


47.0

500


-8.0

*

2.6

499


-14

254,725

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

52.8

758


33.1

755


-19.6

*

2.0

755


-37

411,099

Somewhat/not helpful

977

55.8

972


45.9

969


-9.8

*

2.0

968


-18

514,611

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

46.2

530


29.9

529


-16.3

*

3.4

529


-35

315,486

1-2

708

55.6

705


42.8

701


-12.6

*

2.4

700


-23

364,356

3 or more

525

62.3

523


51.5

521


-10.7

*

2.0

521


-17

259,934

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

47.8

982


37.2

979


-10.5

*

2.3

979


-22

55,351

1-2

553

62.4

550


45.3

547


-17.0

*

3.0

546


-27

273,242

3 or more

244

65.9

243


46.6

242


-19.3

*

3.3

242


-29

121,607

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

52.7

836


30.8

833


-21.8

*

3.1

832


-41

483,523

1 or more

943

56.3

940


50.6

936


-5.6

*

1.9

936


-10

468,738

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-32. Percentage who drove while intoxicated during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage driving while intoxicated




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

60.5

1,794


43.3

1,786


-17.7

*

2.8

1786


-28

962,391

Sex















Male

1,251

66.6

1,246


47.7

1,239


-18.9

*

3.3

1,239


-28

686,049

Female

548

45.3

545


32.5

547


-12.8

*

3.2

547


-28

276,343

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

66.4

1,097


49.5

1,091


-16.9

*

2.4

1,091


-25

577,057

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

49.0

498


31.9

497


-17.1

*

3.0

497


-35

273,337

Hispanic

137

60.0

137


32.0

137


-28.0


17.0

137


n.s.

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

25.8

156


56.1

156


30.3

*

7.4

156


117

77,605

18 - 29

674

61.7

593


49.2

591


-12.6

*

3.0

597


-20

334,577

30 - 39

660

69.3

611


42.5

608


-26.8

*

2.8

608


-39

320,017

40 +

309

57.5

308


27.5

305


-30.0

*

3.7

305


-52

159,724

Education















1 to 9 years

306

56.7

306


38.8

304


-18.3

*

8.1

304


-32

172,069

10 to 11 years

487

54.5

485


43.2

482


-11.1

*

3.6

482


-20

266,662

12 years or GED

517

65.6

515


47.2

512


-18.3

*

3.9

512


-28

270,719

College/grad school

486

64.5

485


42.6

485


-21.9

*

3.0

485


-34

250,299

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

58.8

696


41.9

692


-16.7

*

3.0

692


-28

355,012

Residential

326

67.6

326


50.3

323


-17.7

*

2.8

323


-26

172,475

Outpatient methadone

217

46.9

216


29.0

316


-17.8

*

3.6

216


-38

47,713

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

60.5

556


43.3

555


-17.2

*

6.1

555


-28

387,191

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

69.3

1,116


47.3

1,110


-22.0

*

3.5

1,110


-32

617,949

Marijuana

443

61.5

443


57.2

441


-4.4


3.9

441


n.s.

247,693

Cocaine

443

55.5

432


40.2

431


-15.2

*

2.4

431


-27

210,712

Crack

382

61.8

380


44.9

378


-16.8

*

2.1

378


-27

222,415

Heroin

315

56.5

313


42.5

313


-14.0

*

3.5

313


-25

109,338

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

66.0

522


47.8

519


-18.3

*

3.3

519


-28

309,794

Health problems

437

59.7

436


38.9

433


-20..7

*

4.0

433


-35

223,145

Relationship problems

837

62.1

835


45.8

834


-16.3

*

2.7

834


-26

442,095

Pressure from employer

132

72.5

132


46.0

132


-26.5

*

5.2

132


-37

65,959

Financial problems

501

65.9

500


50.3

498


-15.4

*

2.6

498


-23

254,793

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

53.2

297


40.6

296


-12.5


4.0

296


n.s.

178,958

1 week - less than 1 month

473

62.5

471


45.1

469


-17.4


2.7

469


n.s.

236,854

1 month - less than 6 months

661

59.8

660


45.7

656


-14.0


4.5

656


n.s.

356,792

6 months or more

345

64.9

345


36.7

345


-28.2


4.8

345


n.s.

173,563

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

63.3

1,188


42.7

1,183


-20.5

*

2.0

1,185


-32

652,099

Treatment not completed

507

55.1

504


45.5

502


-9.9

*

2.6

499


-18

255,967

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

60.4

758


36.5

756


-23.9

*

3.2

756


-40

412,323

Somewhat/not helpful

977

60.8

973


49.1

968


-11.7

*

2.7

968


-19

514,500

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

56.2

529


35.8

525


-20.4

*

6.1

525


-36

314,185

1-2

708

62.0

707


46.0

705


-16.0

*

3.1

705


-26

367,145

3 or more

525

64.5

523


50.2

522


-14.2

*

2.5

522


-22

259,962

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

54.7

981


41.2

977


-13.5

*

4.2

977


-25

554,616

1-2

553

69.3

552


48.5

549


-20.9

*

3.1

549


-30

275,116

3 or more

244

68.6

243


45.4

243


-23.2

*

3.4

243


-34

121,767

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

61.6

837


36.0

832


-25.7

*

4.2

832


-42

484,158

1 or more

943

59.9

940


51.2

938


-8.6

*

2.3

938


-14

469,402

(page 3 of 3)















Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.


TABLE B-33. Percentage who sold drugs during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage selling drugs




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

34.7

1,786


24.2

1,787


-10.5

*

1.4

1786


-30

962,389

Sex















Male

1,251

36.0

1,240


26.0

1,241


-10.0

*

1.5

1,240


-28

686,022

Female

548

31.5

546


19.8

546


-11.7

*

2.5

546


-37

276,367

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

34.3

1,092


23.5

1,092


-10.8

*

2.3

1,092


-31

578,108

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

39.0

495


26.7

496


-12.4

*

2.7

495


-32

272,141

Hispanic

137

20.2

137


17.8

137


-2.4


3.9

137


n.s.

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

33.5

156


42.4

156


8.9

*

3.4

156


27

77,605

18 - 29

674

41.8

593


32.9

593


-8.8

*

2.2

593


-21

335,686

30 - 39

660

37.4

605


19.3

606


-18.2

*

2.5

605


-49

318,696

40 +

309

15.0

306


6.9

306


-8.1

*

1.9

306


-54

159,935

Education















1 to 9 years

306

31.3

305


26.4

305


-4.9


2.7

305


n.s.

173,226

10 to 11 years

487

38.6

483


27.9

483


-10.7

*

2.6

483


-28

267,249

12 years or GED

517

33.1

513


23.5

513


-9.7

*

2.9

513


-29

270,608

College/grad school

486

34.7

482


19.5

483


-15.3

*

3.0

482


-44

248,663

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

34.7

693


23.3

694


-11.5

*

1.7

693


-33

355,052

Residential

326

45.2

325


26.6

325


-18.6

*

2.7

325


-41

172,985

Outpatient methadone

217

47.3

214


31.0

214


-16.3

*

5.2

214


-34

47,063

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

28.4

554


23.1

554


-5.3

*

2.6

554


-19

387,287

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

29.4

1,110


20.9

1,111


-8.5

*

1.9

1,110


-29

617,325

Marijuana

443

50.5

441


40.8

441


-9.8

*

3.5

441


-19

247,510

Cocaine

443

46.6

432


31.8

432


-14.9

*

3.3

432


-32

210,195

Crack

382

58.0

378


39.7

379


-18.3

*

3.4

378


-32

222,926

Heroin

315

58.7

310


43.2

310


-15.5

*

3.4

310


-26

107,401

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

40.2

521


28.7

521


-11.4

*

3.1

521


-28

310,666

Health problems

437

33.3

434


19.3

434


-14.0

*

2.6

434


-42

223,196

Relationship problems

837

36.6

834


26.4

834


-10.2

*

1.4

834


-28

441,411

Pressure from employer

132

30.3

131


21.9

131


-8.4


3.7

131


n.s.

65,313

Financial problems

501

42.3

496


29.1

497


-13.3

*

2.2

496


-31

253,711

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

38.0

295


28.2

296


-9.9

*

2.1

295


-26

178,660

1 week - less than 1 month

473

33.6

470


23.8

470


-9.8

*

3.1

470


-29

237,451

1 month - less than 6 months

661

34.5

656


24.4

656


-10.1

*

2.6

656


-29

355,930

6 months or more

345

31.8

344


18.5

344


-13.3

*

2.9

344


-42

173,526

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

32.5

1,186


20.7

1,186


-11.8

*

1.9

1,186


-36

652,345

Treatment not completed

507

43.0

500


33.4

501


-9.7

*

2.6

500


-23

255,903

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

32.4

757


16.9

757


-15.5

*

2.2

757


-48

412,078

Somewhat/not helpful

977

37.6

968


30.7

969


-6.9

*

2.0

968


-18

514,926

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

25.7

529


15.6

529


-10.1

*

2.5

529


-39

315,486

1-2

708

35.6

704


25.6

704


-10.0

*

2.2

704


-28

366,736

3 or more

525

46.0

519


33.9

520


-12.1

*

2.2

519


-26

259,067

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

30.8

978


22.1

979


-8.8

*

2.3

978


-29

555,484

1-2

553

38.6

549


26.2

549


-12.4

*

2.1

549


-32

275,071

3 or more

244

45.5

242


30.8

242


-14.7

*

2.7

242


-32

120,941

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

28.2

836


16.1

836


-12.1

*

1.7

836


-43

485,147

1 or more

943

41.9

934


32.9

935


-9.0

*

2.0

934


-21

468,147

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-34. Percentage who engaged in prostitution/procurement during the five years before and after treatment

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage engaging in prostitution/procurement




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

12.8

1,790


9.5

1,790


-3.2

*

0.9

1790


-25

963,696

Sex















Male

1,251

10.7

1,244


7.9

1,244


-2.8

*

1.0

1,244


-26

688,017

Female

548

17.9

546


13.7

546


-4.2

*

1.7

546


-23

275,679

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

9.7

1,095


6.5

1,095


-3.2

*

1.0

1,095


-33

579,304

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

20.4

497


18.4

497


-2.0


2.2

497


n.s.

272,993

Hispanic

137

7.4

137


4.4

137


-3.0

*

1.1

137


-41

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

6.2

156


3.0

156


-3.2


2.5

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

13.3

591


12.8

591


-0.5


1.4

591


n.s.

334,342

30 - 39

660

16.1

611


10.5

611


-5.6

*

1.9

611


-35

320,822

40 +

309

7.2

306


3.8

306


-3.4

*

1.3

306


-47

160,460

Education















1 to 9 years

306

12.7

304


9.8

304


-2.9


2.3

304


n.s.

171,919

10 to 11 years

487

13.0

485


12.2

485


-0.7


1.8

485


n.s.

267,835

12 years or GED

517

12.5

513


8.3

513


-4.2

*

2.0

513


-34

271,002

College/grad school

486

13.0

485


7.9

485


-5.1

*

1.9

485


-39

250,299

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

14.8

695


12.1

695


-2.7


1.7

695


n.s.

355,704

Residential

326

18.7

324


13.3

324


-5.4


3.1

324


n.s.

173,087

Outpatient methadone

217

22.4

215


18.3

215


-4.1


2.4

215


n.s.

47,530

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

7.1

556


4.4

556


-2.7

*

1.0

556


-38

387,375

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

12.0

1,112


7.9

1,112


-4.1

*

1.1

1,112


-34

618,179

Marijuana

443

13.2

442


7.9

442


-5.3

*

1.8

442


-40

248,061

Cocaine

443

30.5

431


23.5

431


-7.0

*

2.7

431


-23

210,423

Crack

382

21.1

379


15.3

379


-5.8

*

2.7

379


-27

222,743

Heroin

315

25.0

313


20.5

313


-4.4

*

1.6

313


-18

109,338

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

13.2

521


8.9

521


-4.3

*

1.4

521


-33

310,597

Health problems

437

16.1

433


10.9

433


-5.2

*

1.7

434


-32

222,594

Relationship problems

837

14.1

833


10.6

833


-3.5

*

1.2

833


-25

441,313

Pressure from employer

132

10.9

132


8.8

131


-2.2


2.6

132


n.s.

65,959

Financial problems

501

18.6

500


13.7

500


-4.9


2.0

500


n.s.

255,564

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

15.0

295


16.6

295


-1.6


1.5

295


n.s.

178,126

1 week - less than 1 month

473

15.7

471


10.4

471


-5.3

*

2.6

471


-34

237,853

1 month - less than 6 months

661

10.7

659


7.0

659


-3.7

*

1.5

659


-35

357,517

6 months or more

345

11.3

344


6.6

344


-4.7

*

1.5

344


-42

173,380

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

11.9

1,188


8.1

1,188


-3.7

*

1.1

1,188


-31

653,254

Treatment not completed

507

16.0

501


12.8

501


-3.3

*

1.6

501


-21

256,118

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

13.9

757


8.9

757


-5.0

*

1.8

757


-36

411,782

Somewhat/not helpful

977

12.4

971


10.2

971


-2.2

*

0.9

951


-18

516,346

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

6.1

530


2.4

530


-3.7

*

1.5

530


-61

315,888

1-2

708

11.2

705


10.4

704


-0.8


1.2

704


n.s.

366,736

3 or more

525

23.6

522


17.5

522


-6.1

*

2.1

519


-26

259,067

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

8.1

980


6.9

980


-1.2


1.1

980


n.s.

555,395

1-2

553

16.2

551


10.7

551


-5.4

*

1.5

551


-33

276,246

3 or more

244

26.8

243


19.2

243


-7.6

*

3.2

243


-28

121,767

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

9.0

838


4.9

838


-4.0

*

1.3

838


-44

486,457

1 or more

943

16.9

936


14.4

936


-2.5

*

1.4

936


-15

468,407

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-35. Percentage who engaged in theft/larceny during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage engaging in theft/larceny




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

27.3

1,791


17.3

1,788


-9.9

*

1.5

1787


-36

960,815

Sex















Male

1,251

27.5

1,243


18.0

1,242


-9.5

*

1.7

1,241


-35

686,024

Female

548

26.9

548


15.7

546


-11.0

*

2.2

546


-41

275,702

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

27.8

1,097


16.6

1,095


-11.1

*

1.9

1,095


-40

579,045

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

26.4

495


18.9

495


-7.4

*

2.2

494


-28

271,282

Hispanic

137

20.5

137


11.0

137


-9.5


5.0

137


n.s.

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

39.0

156


27.1

156


-12.0


7.0

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

34.6

593


22.2

590


-12.2

*

3.1

590


-35

334,383

30 - 39

660

25.4

611


17.2

610


-8.1

*

1.5

610


-32

319,934

40 +

309

12.7

305


3.9

306


-8.8

*

2.4

305


-69

159,337

Education















1 to 9 years

306

26.7

305


22.0

304


-4.4


3.8

303


n.s.

172,205

10 to 11 years

487

33.3

485


19.5

484


-13.6

*

3.1

484


-41

267,324

12 years or GED

517

20.6

513


13.4

512


-7.2

*

2.0

512


-35

269,258

College/grad school

486

28.3

485


15.6

485


-12.7

*

2.4

485


-45

250,299

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

29.3

696


19.7

694


-9.4

*

2.4

694


-32

355,193

Residential

326

34.7

326


22.4

326


-12.3

*

3.1

326


-35

173,811

Outpatient methadone

217

38.3

215


28.1

214


-9.9

*

3.8

213


-26

47,343

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

20.8

554


11.5

554


-9.3

*

2.8

554


-45

385,379

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

25.5

1,114


14.4

1,112


-11.0

*

1.6

1,112


-43

617,306

Marijuana

443

35.6

443


23.4

441


-11.9

*

3.3

441


-33

247,550

Cocaine

443

39.0

432


29.0

430


-9.7

*

1.9

430


-25

210,515

Crack

382

34.1

381


21.0

379


-12.9

*

2.7

379


-38

222,255

Heroin

315

49.7

312


35.3

312


-14.3

*

3.6

311


-29

109,019

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

28.5

520


18.5

522


-10.0

*

2.9

522


-35

310,717

Health problems

437

32.0

436


18.5

434


-13.2

*

2.4

434


-41

222,806

Relationship problems

837

31.2

834


19.9

832


-11.2

*

2.0

832


-36

440,251

Pressure from employer

132

20.3

132


18.6

131


-1.5


3.1

131


n.s.

65,799

Financial problems

501

36.7

500


22.6

499


-14.1

*

2.8

499


-38

255,053

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

27.4

295


23.5

294


-3.4


2.2

293


n.s.

177,149

1 week - less than 1 month

473

33.1

471


16.6

470


-16.4

*

2.4

470


-50

237,693

1 month - less than 6 months

661

25.5

660


18.3

660


-7.1

*

2.3

660


-28

357,637

6 months or more

345

24.8

344


10.4

343


-14.4

*

3.4

343


-58

172,426

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

25.6

1,188


15.1

1,187


-10.3

*

1.8

1,187


-40

652,261

Treatment not completed

507

34.4

503


24.7

503


-9.4

*

2.2

502


-27

256,263

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

25.1

7,547


13.9

757


-11.0

*

1.8

756


-44

411,142

Somewhat/not helpful

977

29.7

973


20.7

971


-8.9

*

2.2

971


-30

515,978

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

20.8

529


10.0

529


-10.8

*

2.2

529


-52

314,802

1-2

708

23.2

705


16.0

704


-7.0

*

1.9

703


-30

366,023

3 or more

525

41.8

523


28.6

521


-13.0

*

2.9

521


-31

259,801

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

23.1

980


14.1

979


-8.9

*

0.8

979


-39

553,582

1-2

553

27.7

551


19.4

550


-8.1

*

0.9

552


-29

275,645

3 or more

244

46.3

243


28.1

242


-18.2

*

3.5

242


-39

121,607

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

22.9

837


10.5

837


-12.4

*

1.9

837


-54

485,523

1 or more

943

31.8

938


24.4

935


-7.3

*

2.3

934


-23

485,372

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-36. Percentage who engaged in breaking and entering during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage engaging in breaking and entering




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

13.6

1,792


8.4

1,793


-5.2

*

1.2

1792


-38

964,140

Sex















Male

1,251

16.7

1,244


10.1

1,245


-6.6

*

1.6

1,244


-40

687,538

Female

548

5.7

548


4.1

545


-1.6


1.3

548


n.s.

276,602

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

14.9

1,096


8.4

1,097


-6.5

*

1.4

1,096


-44

579,050

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

10.6

497


9.6

497


-1.0


2.0

497


n.s.

272,951

Hispanic

137

12.1

137


5.5

137


-6.6


5.1

137


n.s.

79,530

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

26.7

156


23.6

156


-3.1


6.4

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

18.6

592


11.4

593


-7.2

*

2.1

592


-39

335,128

30 - 39

660

11.4

610


6.9

610


-4.5

*

1.8

610


-39

319,957

40 +

309

3.8

308


0.9

305


-2.9

*

1.3

308


-76

160,982

Education















1 to 9 years

306

17.6

306


13.5

306


-4.0


2.3

306


n.s.

173,263

10 to 11 years

487

15.0

484


8.4

484


-6.5

*

2.8

484


-43

267,189

12 years or GED

517

10.7

514


6.3

515


-4.4

*

1.3

514


-41

270,747

College/grad school

486

12.5

485


7.2

485


-5.3

*

2.0

485


-42

250,299

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

14.4

696


8.8

696


-5.6

*

1.7

696


-39

356,444

Residential

326

18.7

324


11.3

325


-7.4

*

3.0

324


-40

172,607

Outpatient methadone

217

19.1

216


10.8

216


-8.2

*

3.9

216


-43

47,712

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

9.9

556


6.5

556


-3.4


1.9

556


n.s.

387,375

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

13.8

1,114


7.1

1,115


-6.8

*

1.4

1,114


-49

618,841

Marijuana

443

23.9

442


14.1

443


-9.7

*

2.8

442


-41

248,243

Cocaine

443

17.3

432


15.1

432


-2.2


1.9

432


n.s.

210,720

Crack

382

17.6

379


10.7

379


-6.9

*

3.1

379


-39

222,926

Heroin

315

18.7

313


13.5

313


-5.2


2.4

313


n.s.

109,338

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

19.1

522


12.0

522


-7.2

*

2.1

522


-38

310,717

Health problems

437

16.1

436


8.4

436


-7.7

*

1.2

436


-48

224,059

Relationship problems

837

14.8

835


9.7

835


-5.1


2.0

835


n.s.

442,236

Pressure from employer

132

10.6

132


9.6

132


-1.0


2.5

132


n.s.

65,959

Financial problems

501

16.8

499


10.6

500


-6.1

*

2.1

499


-36

255,006

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

14.6

297


12.4

297


-2.2


2.7

297


n.s.

179,470

1 week - less than 1 month

473

14.9

470


6.6

471


-8.3

*

1.8

470


-56

237,295

1 month - less than 6 months

661

14.6

659


8.7

659


-5.8

*

2.0

659


-40

356,991

6 months or more

345

9.3

345


6.8

345


-2.6


2.4

345


n.s.

173,563

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

12.1

1,186


6.7

1,187


-5.4

*

1.6

1,186


-45

652,253

Treatment not completed

507

18.8

504


14.0

504


-4.8

*

1.8

504


-26

257,161

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

11.3

756


6.6

757


-4.7

*

1.8

756


-42

411,520

Somewhat/not helpful

977

15.6

973


10.2

973


-5.3

*

2.2

971


-34

516,649

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

9.2

529


3.5

529


-5.7

*

1.5

529


-62

315,486

1-2

708

10.9

705


7.6

706


-3.2

*

1.7

705


-29

366,680

3 or more

525

22.7

523


15.6

523


-7.1

*

2.3

523


-31

260,473

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

11.2

979


7.8

980


-3.4

*

1.3

979


-30

554,713

1-2

553

13.7

552


7.5

552


-6.2

*

1.7

552


-45

276,366

3 or more

244

23.7

243


13.4

243


-10.4

*

3.1

243


-44

121,767

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

10.5

837


3.2

837


-7.3

*

1.5

837


-70

486,056

1 or more

943

16.6

938


13.9

939


-2.7


1.6

935


n.s.

468,851

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-37. Percentage who violated parole during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage violating parole




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

16.6

1,788


20.9

1,784


4.3

*

1.4

1784


26

960,136

Sex















Male

1,251

19.2

1,242


24.6

1,239


5.4

*

1.7

1,239


28

685,082

Female

548

10.2

546


11.8

545


1.6


1.4

545


n.s.

275,054

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

18.1

1,094


20.8

1,093


2.8


1.7

1,093


n.s.

576,301

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

12.9

496


20.6

494


7.7

*

2.2

494


60

272,552

Hispanic

137

17.5

136


17.0

135


-0.7


3.1

135


n.s.

78,674

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

16.7

156


23.5

156


6.8


4.7

156


n.s.

77,605

18 - 29

674

21.3

591


27.1

590


5.8

*

2.5

590


27

334,853

30 - 39

660

16.2

608


21.6

607


5.4

*

2.4

607


33

317,355

40 +

309

7.4

307


7.7

306


0.3


2.0

306


n.s.

160,116

Education















1 to 9 years

306

21.2

306


26.1

305


4.8


2.8

305


n.s.

172,798

10 to 11 years

487

19.5

483


22.5

482


2.9


2.8

482


n.s.

265,404

12 years or GED

517

13.5

513


20.8

511


7.3

*

2.3

511


54

270,029

College/grad school

486

13.6

483


16.0

483


2.4


1.9

483


n.s.

249,264

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

18.4

694


20.1

692


1.6


1.8

692


n.s.

354,722

Residential

326

21.1

325


33.5

325


12.3

*

2.5

325


58

172,692

Outpatient methadone

217

22.6

214


21.4

213


-0.8


4.2

213


n.s.

47,132

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

12.2

555


15.9

554


3.7


2.0

554


n.s.

385,589

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

16.4

1,111


18.9

1,109


2.5


1.5

1,109


n.s.

615,722

Marijuana

443

22.3

442


28.5

442


6.2

*

3.0

442


28

248,458

Cocaine

443

19.4

429


26.9

428


7.5

*

3.0

428


39

209,605

Crack

382

21.1

378


26.9

376


5.7


2.6

376


n.s.

221,750

Heroin

315

25.9

311


29.2

311


3.3


4.4

311


n.s.

109,017

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

25.6

521


31.3

520


5.6


2.9

520


n.s.

308,931

Health problems

437

15.7

436


19.1

435


3.4


1.7

435


n.s.

223,148

Relationship problems

837

16.4

832


21.9

832


5.6

*

1.9

832


34

440,858

Pressure from employer

132

17.2

131


21.0

131


3.8


4.5

131


n.s.

65,799

Financial problems

501

21.8

497


25.6

497


3.8


2.3

497


n.s.

254,125

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

15.6

297


24.9

294


9.1

*

2.5

294


58

177,581

1 week - less than 1 month

473

21.3

468


23.6

468


2.2


2.8

468


n.s.

236,948

1 month - less than 6 months

661

16.2

658


20.9

657


4.7

*

2.0

657


29

356,343

6 months or more

345

12.4

345


12.0

345


-0.4


2.5

345


n.s.

173,563

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

14.6

1,183


16.8

1,180


2.2


1.4

1,180


n.s.

649,163

Treatment not completed

507

22.8

504


30.7

503


7.9

*

2.9

503


35

256,648

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

14.8

755


18.2

754


3.4


1.7

754


n.s.

410,637

Somewhat/not helpful

977

18.4

971


23.5

968


5.1

*

1.9

968


28

513,930

Number of Other Treatment Episodes in Lifetime















0

531

9.7

527


11.2

525


1.5


2.1

525


n.s.

313,812

1-2

708

15.6

705


21.3

704


5.7

*

2.0

704


37

355,092

3 or more

525

26.8

522


32.6

521


5.7

*

2.4

521


21

259,133

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

11.4

977


16.7

974


5.3

*

1.7

974


46

552,499

1-2

553

21.2

551


26.2

550


4.9

*

2.5

550


23

274,978

3 or more

244

30.9

243


28.9

243


2.0


2.0

243


n.s.

121,767

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

13.1

835


13.9

833


0.8


1.6

833


n.s.

484,382

1 or more

943

20.1

937


28.0

935


8.0

*

2.2

935


40

466,923

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or the p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-38. Percentage with Selected Lifestyle characteristics during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

Percentage




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N















Had custody of children

37.5

1,774


41.0

1,767


3.5

*

1.7

1,766


9

947,257

Lost custody of children

7.7

1,799


5.4

1,799


-2.3

*

0.9

1,799


-30

967,012

Homeless at least two nights

21.8

1,795


14.4

1,794


-7.4

*

1.3

1,792


-34

963,821

Spent time in shelter

3.9

1,794


2.6

1,797


-1.3


0.7

1,793


n.s.

964,279

Spent time on street

10.3

1,799


6.2

1,799


-4.1

*

0.9

1,799


-40

967,012

Spent time both in shelter and

on street

7.4

1,799


5.5

1,799


-1.9

*

0.7

1,799


-26

967,012

Been attacked with weapon or seriously hit or beaten

31.8

1,795


24.9

1,790


-6.7

*

1.5

1,787


-21

960,378

Beaten seriously enough to see a doctor or to stay in bed

20.5

1,798


16.9

1,796


-3.6

*

1.5

1,795


-18

964,013

Injected drugs

23.1

1,799


14.3

1,799


-8.8

*

1.5

1,799


-38

967,012

Sad or depressed

53.9

1,796


53.1

1,796


-0.7


1.2

1,795


n.s.

965,346

Attempted suicide

15.2

1,798


8.6

1,796


-6.6

*

1.1

1,796


-43

965,811

Had hallucinations or delusions

18.8

1,791


16.4

1,797


-2.5

*

1.1

1,791


-13

964,067

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

Table B-39. Percentage who were employed full-time during the five years before and after treatment


[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

n

Percentage employed full-time




Before

(n)


After

(n)


Differencea

Standard Error

(n)

Percentage Differencea

N

TOTAL SAMPLE

3,047














Total Interviewed

1,799

75.3

1,685


74.4

1,685


-0.8


2.6

1685


n.s.

911,992

Sex















Male

1,251

81.0

1,174


78.1

1,174


-2.8


2.1

1,174


n.s.

651,931

Female

548

61.3

511


65.3

511


4.0


4.2

511


n.s.

260,060

Race/Ethnicity















White (non-Hispanic)

1,101

76.0

1,032


80.9

1,032


4.8

*

2.4

1,032


6

547,534

Black (non-Hispanic)

499

73.3

454


61.0

454


-12.5

*

3.1

454


-17

251,759

Hispanic

137

81.6

134


71.7

134


-9.9

*

5.0

134


-12

78,835

Age at Time of Discharge















Less than 18

156

25.4

133


89.5

133


64.1

*

5.1

133


252

65,986

18 - 29

674

74.2

570


78.1

570


3.9


3.0

570


n.s.

324,381

30 - 39

660

83.8

576


75.4

576


-8.3

*

2.1

576


-10

303,107

40 +

309

79.6

280


60.3

280


-19.3

*

3.7

280


-24

148,545

Education















1 to 9 years

306

72.0

290


64.8

290


-7.2

*

3.0

290


-10

166,025

10 to 11 years

487

71.5

446


70.5

446


-1.0


4.3

446


n.s.

249,453

12 years or GED

517

78.1

489


78.9

486


0.8


3.8

489


n.s.

257,024

College/grad school

486

79.7

453


81.3

453


1.6


3.7

453


n.s.

235,351

(page 1 of 3)















Self-Reported Treatment Type















Inpatient

700

75.3

657


71.4

657


-3.8


3.1

657


n.s.

338,973

Residential

326

80.0

310


76.7

310


-3.3


2.9

310


n.s.

166,943

Outpatient methadone

217

76.6

196


57.8

196


-18.8

*

4.8

196


-25

43,944

Outpatient nonmethadone

556

73.3

518


78.6

518


5.3


5.0

518


n.s.

360,635

Main Drug at Time of Intakeb















Alcohol

1,117

76.6

1,044


76.3

1,044


-0.3


2.6

1,044


n.s.

584,493

Marijuana

443

75.6

416


81.8

416


6.2


5.0

416


n.s.

235,294

Cocaine

443

78.7

400


71.9

400


-6.8


3.2

400


n.s.

208,160

Crack

382

77.8

359


71.9

359


-5.9


2.5

359


n.s.

200,571

Heroin

315

72.9

290


54.5

290


-18.5

*

5.0

290


-25

103,696

Self-Reported Reasons for Entering Treatmentb















Pressure from criminal justice system

522

78.4

500


79.1

500


0.7


3.7

500


n.s.

297,004

Health problems

437

75.2

397


66.5

397


-8.7


3.5

397


n.s.

204,161

Relationship problems

837

78.2

796


75.0

796


-3.2


2.7

796


n.s.

423,936

Pressure from employer

132

90.7

127


86.9

127


-3.8


5.0

127


n.s.

63,877

Financial problems

501

80.1

473


73.2

473


-7.0


3.0

473


n.s.

242,756

Length of Stay















Less than 1 week

299

71.5

277


65.9

277


-5.5


4.2

277


n.s.

168,937

1 week - less than 1 month

473

79.5

450


76.3

450


-3.2


3.6

450


n.s.

226,588

1 month - less than 6 months

661

73.9

614


76.8

614


2.9


3.7

614


n.s.

334,495

6 months or more

345

75.6

320


74.7

320


0.9


5.2

320


n.s.

163,689

(page 2 of 3)















Completion of Treatment















Treatment completed

1,190

78.1

1,120


76.7

1,120


-1.5


2.5

1,120


n.s.

623,510

Treatment not completed

507

70.2

468


70.9

468


0.7


4.3

468


n.s.

238,028

Client Satisfaction with Treatment Episode















Very helpful

759

78.4

717


76.5

717


-1.9


2.6

717


n.s.

4,557

Somewhat/not helpful

977

73.5

905


73.6

905


0.1


3.3

905


n.s.

3,668

Number of Treatment Episodes Before SROS Episode















0

984

74.2

929


76.4

929


2.2


3.3

929


n.s.

525,555

1-2

553

76.9

513


75.3

513


-1.6


2.9

513


n.s.

258,435

3 or more

244

77.7

224


66.2

224


-11.4

*

4.7

224


-15

116,170

Number of Treatment Episodes After SROS Episode















0

839

76.3

790


78.3

790


2.0


3.6

790


n.s.

461,257

1 or more

943

74.6

877


71.3

877


-3.3


2.9

877


n.s.

440,621

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

* Difference is significant at p<.05. n.s. Difference not significant at p<.05.

a Cases missing a response for either the "before" or "after" question were not used to calculate the difference or p-value of the paired t-test.

b Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 3 of 3)

Table B-40. Percentage who received additional treatment after SROS episode and mean number of episodes

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]

Characteristics

Percent receiving additional treatment

Mean number of additional episodes

N

Total

49.2

2.18

957,779

Sex




Male

48.8

2.28

683,190

Female

50.0

1.97

274,588

Race/Ethnicity




White (non-Hispanic)

49.0

2.17

574,630

Black (non-Hispanic)

53.3

2.10

273,092

Hispanic

37.8

2.59

77,446

Age




Less than 18

48.1

1.77

77,604

18 to 29

49.4

2.27

379,861

30 to 39

53.0

2.20

342,402

40 +

40.9

2.14

157,910

Number of Prior Treatment Episodes




0

43.1

1.94

555,009

1-2

52.7

1.99

274,483

3 or more

69.6

3.20

121,500

(page 1 of 2)




Self-Reported Treatment Type




Inpatient

57.9

2.50

354,410

Residential

53.7

2.00

170,900

Outpatient methadone

68.8

2.07

47,172

Outpatient nonmethadone

36.7

1.87

385,297

Length of Stay




Less than 1 week

64.9

2.78

176,006

1 week - less than 1 month

50.9

2.06

235,700

1 month - less than 6 months

45.4

1.95

355,690

6 months or more

40.1

1.92

173,563

Completion of Treatment




Treatment completed

47.0

2.16

650,064

Treatment not completed

55.6

2.21

256,748

Main Drug at Time of Intakea




Alcohol

47.5

2.16

614,937

Marijuana

47.9

2.27

248,531

Cocaine

63.4

2.27

222,384

Crack

60.9

2.51

212,232

Heroin

76.7

2.64

107,783

Note: Percentages are weighted to reflect a population of approximately 967,000 individuals discharged from treatment between September 1, 1989, and August 31, 1990, who were still living five or more years after treatment.

a Respondents could be classified in more than one or none of the categories.

(page 2 of 2)

Table B-41. Correlates of alcohol use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.15


0.18


0.19


Observations Used in Analysis

1,763


1,408


1,377


Weighted Count

948,409


788,698


771,897


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.84

*

0.89

*

0.87

*

Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00

*

1.00

*

1.00

*

Used alcohol before Tx vs not

10.91

*

11.13

*

10.70

*

Used marijuana before Tx vs not

1.02


0.90


0.94


Used crack before Tx vs not

0.90


0.79


0.76


Used cocaine before Tx vs not

1.07


0.97


0.96


Used heroin before Tx vs not

1.19


1.30


1.16


Male vs female

1.43

*

1.42


1.45


Black vs white

1.46


1.49


1.62


Hispanic vs white

0.54

*

0.57

*

0.59

*

Other race vs white

0.66


0.54


0.57


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

0.88

*

0.96


0.97









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.77


0.79


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.73


0.88


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



0.55

*

0.64


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.33

*

0.38

*

Counselor understood client vs not



0.74

*

0.73

*

Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.03

*

1.90

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.43


1.48


Residential vs inpatient



1.04


1.03


Methadone vs inpatient



0.40

*

0.42


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.80


0.90









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.30

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.00


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means alcohol use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

alcohol use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-42. Correlates of any drug use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.35


0.39


0.42


Observations Used in Analysis

1,770


1,414


1,383


Weighted Count

952,310


791,647


774,847


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.96


0.98


0.97


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Used alcohol before Tx vs not

0.48

*

0.44

*

0.41

*

Used marijuana before Tx vs not

5.53

*

5.21

*

5.64

*

Used crack before Tx vs not

1.73

*

1.67

*

1.48


Used cocaine before Tx vs not

1.72

*

1.63

*

1.54

*

Used heroin before Tx vs not

5.21

*

4.26

*

2.94

*

Male vs female

1.62

*

1.70

*

1.72

*

Black vs white

1.15


1.06


1.13


Hispanic vs white

0.61


0.52


0.49


Other race vs white

1.51


1.22


1.23


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.12

*

1.20


1.19









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.61

*

0.67

*

LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.59

*

0.74


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week


0.83


0.99


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.42

*

0.50

*

Counselor understood client vs not



1.17


1.22


Used drugs during Tx vs not



3.13

*

3.00

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.31


1.27


Residential vs inpatient



1.28


1.36


Methadone vs inpatient



1.97


2.48


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.66


0.82









Post-Treatment Variables







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.58

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





0.99


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means drug use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

drug use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-43. Correlates of marijuana use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.43


0.48


0.48


Observations Used in Analysis

1,756


1,402


1,371


Weighted Count

943,842


784,113


767,313


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.82

*

0.84

*

0.84

*

Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00

*

1.00


1.00

*

Used alcohol before Tx vs not

1.04


0.85


0.74


Used marijuana before Tx vs not

24.29

*

28.79

*

30.57

*

Used crack before Tx vs not

0.93


0.98


0.86


Used cocaine before Tx vs not

1.48

*

1.43


1.39


Used heroin before Tx vs not

1.12


1.14


1.08


Male vs female

2.10

*

2.53

*

2.56

*

Black vs white

1.09


1.26


1.31


Hispanic vs white

0.57


0.62


0.57


Other race vs white

2.36


2.12


2.12


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.03


1.14


1.13









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.77


0.78


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.71


0.77


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



1.19


1.23


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.50

*

0.48

*

Counselor understood client vs not



1.26


1.25


Used drugs during Tx vs not



3.71

*

3.86

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.49


1.49


Residential vs inpatient



0.98


1.14


Methadone vs inpatient



0.84


0.87


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



1.12


1.17









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.14

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.00


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means marijuana use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

marijuana use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-44. Correlates of cocaine use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.22


0.25


0.26


Observations Used in Analysis

1,767


1,412


1,381


Weighted Count

951,032


790,876


774,075


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear

0.93


0.98


0.97


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Used alcohol before Tx vs not

1.15


1.14


0.98


Used marijuana before Tx vs not

1.88

*

1.86

*

2.03

*

Used crack before Tx vs not

0.77


0.79


0.77


Used cocaine before Tx vs not

8.58

*

7.54

*

7.39

*

Used heroin before Tx vs not

2.41

*

2.03

*

1.84

*

Male vs female

1.15


1.28


1.26


Black vs white

1.26


1.23


1.26


Hispanic vs white

1.32


1.17


1.08


Other race vs white

0.90


0.79


0.76


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.00


1.08


1.08









Treatment







Completed treatment vs not



0.79


0.79


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.72


0.83


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



0.92


1.01


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.34

*

0.37

*

Counselor understood client vs not



0.99


0.99


Used drugs during Tx vs not



3.00

*

2.92

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.03


0.99


Residential vs inpatient



0.87


0.88


Methadone vs inpatient



1.48


1.58


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.61


0.68









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.09

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.01


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means cocaine use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

cocaine use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-45. Correlates of crack use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.27


0.29


0.32


Observations Used in Analysis

1,764


1,408


1,378


Weighted Count

948,481


787,817


771,621


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

1.03


1.06


1.05


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Used alcohol before Tx vs not

1.23


1.23


1.07


Used marijuana before Tx vs not

1.49


1.35


1.45


Used crack before Tx vs not

8.41

*

7.61

*

7.46

*

Used cocaine before Tx vs not

1.58

*

1.48


1.45


Used heroin before Tx vs not

1.02


1.00


0.87


Male vs female

1.12


1.21


1.20


Black vs white

1.93

*

1.72

*

1.79

*

Hispanic vs white

0.92


0.84


0.83


Other race vs white

0.92


0.64


0.59


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.06


1.26


1.25









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.86


0.87


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.66


0.77


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



1.04


1.17


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.54


0.59


Counselor understood client vs not



1.27


1.25


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.32

*

2.03

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



0.73


0.75


Residential vs inpatient



0.79


0.84


Methadone vs inpatient



0.69


0.73


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.47

*

0.54

*








Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.26

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.00


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means crack use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

crack use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-46. Correlates of heroin use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.44


0.47


0.47


Observations Used in Analysis

1,767


1,411


1,380


Weighted Count

949,937


789,274


772,474


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.99


1.03


1.01


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Used alcohol before Tx vs not

0.68


0.68


0.66


Used marijuana before Tx vs not

0.90


0.76


0.72


Used crack before Tx vs not

0.92


0.84


0.72


Used cocaine before Tx vs not

1.95

*

1.97


1.93


Used heroin before Tx vs not

48.91

*

47.94

*

44.26

*

Male vs female

1.27


1.34


1.43


Black vs white

1.21


1.31


1.39


Hispanic vs white

2.27

*

1.62


1.51


Other race vs white

0.69


0.57


0.55


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.20


0.93


0.90









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.62


0.62


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



1.05


1.16


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



1.16


1.26


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



1.01


1.11


Counselor understood client vs not



0.73

*

0.75


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.34

*

2.32

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00

*

Facility revenue above median vs below



1.77


1.88


Residential vs inpatient



0.63


0.64


Methadone vs inpatient



0.46


0.49


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.29

*

0.32

*








Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.07

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.02

*

1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means heroin use becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

heroin use becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-47. Correlates of alcohol use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of OLS regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.13


0.15


0.15


Observations Used in Analysis

1,747


1,397


1,370


Weighted Count

943,093


784,637


769,838


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Coefficients


Intercept

8.13


9.49


9.05


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

-0.18


-0.09


-0.10


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

0.00


0.00


0.00


Days/month used alcohol before Tx

0.30

*

0.28

*

0.28

*

Days/month used marijuana before Tx

0.03


0.01


0.02


Days/month used crack before Tx

0.03


0.03


0.02


Days/month used cocaine before Tx

-0.02


-0.04


-0.04


Days/month used heroin before Tx

0.14

*

0.18

*

0.18

*

Male vs female

1.61

*

0.96


0.91


Black vs white

1.42

*

0.95


0.94


Hispanic vs white

-1.51


-1.78

*

-1.86


Other race vs white

0.28


-0.09


-0.14


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

-0.35


-0.21


-0.18









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



-0.64


-0.76


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs < 1 month



-2.21

*

-1.82

*

LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 month



-3.32

*

-3.15

*

LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 month



-5.34

*

-5.11

*

Counselor understood client



0.08


0.14


Used drugs during Tx vs not



3.10

*

2.89

*

Facility revenue per patient



0.00


0.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



0.92


0.95


Residential vs inpatient



0.99


0.20


Methadone vs inpatient



-2.93


0.03


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.14


1.17









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





-3.19


Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





0.40


* Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-48. Correlates of marijuana use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of OLS regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.25


0.27


0.28


Observations Used in Analysis

1,739


1,388


1,360


Weighted Count

936,875


777,467


762,160


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Coefficients


Intercept

8.88


5.88


5.15


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

-0.43

*

-0.38

*

-0.38

*

Age in years squared (nonlinear)

0.00

*

0.00

*

0.00

*

Days/month used alcohol before Tx

0.03


0.03


0.03


Days/month used marijuana before Tx

0.33

*

0.29

*

0.29

*

Days/month used crack before Tx

0.01


0.00


-0.01


Days/month used cocaine before Tx

0.00


0.02


0.02


Days/month used heroin before Tx

0.02


0.04


0.03


Male vs female

1.62

*

1.89

*

1.81

*

Black vs white

0.19


0.09


0.15


Hispanic vs white

-0.44


-0.37


-0.37


Other race vs white

1.76


0.26


0.20


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

0.13


0.49


0.53









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



-0.08


-0.12


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs < 1 month



-1.38


-1.00


LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 month



-0.86


-0.63


LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 month



-1.81


-1.51


Counselor understood client vs not



0.29


0.30


Used drugs during Tx vs not



3.11

*

2.96

*

Facility revenue per patient



0.00


0.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



0.33


0.34


Residential vs inpatient



1.07


0.41


Methadone vs inpatient



-1.09


0.01


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.95


1.37









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





-1.01


Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.31


* Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-49. Correlates of crack use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of OLS regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.24


0.26


0.29


Observations Used in Analysis

1,751


1,400


1,372


Weighted Count

944,764


785,356


770,050


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Coefficients


Intercept

3.09


4.63


3.62


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

-0.11


-0.11


-0.14


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

0.00


0.00


0.00


Days/month used alcohol before Tx

0.01


-0.01


0.00


Days/month used marijuana before Tx

0.04

*

0.02


0.03


Days/month used crack before Tx

0.36

*

0.39

*

0.37

*

Days/month used cocaine before Tx

0.04


0.04


0.03


Days/month used heroin before Tx

0.02


0.01


-0.02


Male vs female

-0.20


0.13


0.06


Black vs white

1.38

*

0.97


1.16

*

Hispanic vs white

0.02


0.33


0.17


Other race vs white

0.69


-0.84


-0.89


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

0.18

*

0.64

*

0.68

*








Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



-0.63


-0.60


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs < 1 month



-0.67


-0.18


LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 month



-0.56


-0.13


LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 month



-1.15


-0.68


Counselor understood client vs not



-0.44


-0.44


Used drugs during Tx vs not



1.50

*

1.09


Facility revenue per patient



0.00


0.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



-0.44


-0.37


Residential vs inpatient



-0.67


0.79

*

Methadone vs inpatient



-0.49


0.00


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



-0.74


-0.58









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





0.04


Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





-0.17


* Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-50. Correlates of cocaine use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of OLS regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.24


0.25


0.26


Observations Used in Analysis

1,750


1,400


1,372


Weighted Count

945,948


787,047


771,741


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Coefficients


Intercept

1.23


1.57


1.36


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

-0.06


-0.02


-0.04


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

0.00


0.00


0.00


Days/month used alcohol before Tx

0.00


-0.01


-0.01


Days/month used marijuana before Tx

0.02


0.02


0.01


Days/month used crack before Tx

0.01


-0.01


-0.01


Days/month used cocaine before Tx

0.30

*

0.30

*

0.29

*

Days/month used heroin before Tx

0.14

*

0.13

*

0.12

*

Male vs female

0.27


0.52


0.52


Black vs white

0.84


0.83


0.94


Hispanic vs white

1.33


1.13


0.80


Other race vs white

0.37


0.36


0.38


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

0.06


0.04


0.04









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



-0.69


-0.72


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs < 1 month



-0.61


-0.43


LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 month



-0.41


-0.33


LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 month



-1.61

*

-1.49

*

Counselor understood client vs not



-0.27


-0.35


Used drugs during Tx vs not



1.59

*

1.53

*

Facility revenue per patient



0.00


0.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



-0.22


-0.15


Residential vs inpatient



-0.06


0.27


Methadone vs inpatient



0.40


0.02


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.11


0.25









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





0.78


Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





0.54


* Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-51. Correlates of heroin use in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of OLS regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.49


0.48


0.46


Observations Used in Analysis

1,749


1,399


1,371


Weighted Count

944,001


784,937


769,631


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Coefficients


Intercept

-0.58


-0.43


-0.43


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.04


0.14

*

0.13


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

0.00


0.00


0.00


Days/month used alcohol before Tx

-0.01


-0.01


-0.01


Days/month used marijuana before Tx

0.01


0.00


0.00


Days/month used crack before Tx

-0.02


-0.02


-0.03


Days/month used cocaine before Tx

0.04


0.04


0.04


Days/month used heroin before Tx

0.58

*

0.56

*

0.54

*

Male vs female

0.04


0.07


0.06


Black vs white

0.46


0.51


0.55


Hispanic vs white

0.77


0.59


0.41


Other race vs white

0.56


0.76


0.77


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

0.00


-0.50

*

-0.52

*








Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



-1.16

*

-1.13

*

LOS 1 week to 1 month vs < 1 month



-0.31


-0.35


LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 month



-0.12


-0.10


LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 month



0.06


0.17


Counselor understood client vs not



0.47

*

0.39


Used drugs during Tx vs not



0.63

*

0.64

*

Facility revenue per patient



0.00

*

0.00

*

Facility revenue above median vs below



0.41


0.47


Residential vs inpatient



-0.37


0.16


Methadone vs inpatient



-1.20


0.01


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



-1.12


-0.42









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





-0.99


Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





-1.00


* Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-52. Correlates of drug selling in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.31


0.35


0.35


Observations Used in Analysis

1,777


1,424


1,392


Weighted Count

957,382


797,924


779,973


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.84

*

0.84

*

0.83

*

Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00

*

1.00

*

1.00

*

Sell drugs before Tx vs not

10.49

*

9.49

*

9.68

*

Prostitution before Tx vs not

0.99


1.06


1.01


Larceny before Tx vs not

1.75

*

1.84

*

1.79

*

Break/enter before Tx vs not

1.22


1.15


1.16


Male vs female

1.42

*

1.62

*

1.54

*

Black vs white

1.54

*

1.65

*

1.67

*

Hispanic vs white

1.16


0.90


0.88


Other race vs white

1.02


0.74


0.74


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.04


1.13


1.11









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.92


0.90


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.59

*

0.68


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



0.41

*

0.45

*

LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.26

*

0.28

*

Counselor understood client vs not



1.06


1.05


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.80

*

2.80

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.16


1.15


Residential vs inpatient



1.04


1.09


Methadone vs inpatient



1.40


1.39


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



1.31


1.40









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.11

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.00


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means drug selling becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means

drug selling becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-53. Correlates of prostitution/procurement in the five years after treatment (Tx)—Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.33


0.4


0.41


Observations Used in Analysis

1,777


1,424


1,392


Weighted Count

957,382


797,924


779,973


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

1.01


1.01


0.99


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Sell drugs before Tx vs not

1.06


0.80


0.79


Prostitution before Tx vs not

24.78

*

33.45

*

30.27

*

Larceny before Tx vs not

1.09


0.97


0.88


Break/enter before Tx vs not

1.95

*

2.48

*

2.75

*

Male vs female

0.61


0.45

*

0.41

*

Black vs white

3.10

*

2.83

*

3.13

*

Hispanic vs white

0.84


0.92


0.79


Other race vs white

0.07

*

0.03

*

0.03

*

Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.03


1.32


1.34









Treatment







Completed treatment vs not



1.08


1.03


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.31

*

0.37

*

LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



0.16

*

0.18

*

LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.14

*

0.18

*

Counselor understood client vs not



0.88


0.86


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.59

*

2.41

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.77


1.90


Residential vs inpatient



1.21


1.34


Methadone vs inpatient



1.28


1.25


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.65


0.69









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.13

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.01


1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means prostitution/procurement becomes more likely; an odds ratio below

1.00 means prostitution/procurement becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-54. Correlates of larceny/theft in the five years after treatment (Tx) —

Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.23


0.25


0.29


Observations Used in Analysis

1,774


1,423


1,391


Weighted Count

956,660


797,412


779,462


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

1.04


1.05


1.00


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Sell drugs before Tx vs not

1.01


0.73


0.68


Prostitution before Tx vs not

1.57

*

1.39


1.17


Larceny before Tx vs not

6.96

*

7.03

*

6.89

*

Break/enter before Tx vs not

2.08

*

2.03

*

2.14

*

Male vs female

1.14


1.28


1.25


Black vs white

1.42


1.22


1.40


Hispanic vs white

0.74


0.54


0.47


Other race vs white

1.77


1.48


1.57


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.14


1.11


1.04









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.93


0.92


LOS 1 week to 1 month vs <1 week



0.41

*

0.53


LOS 1-6 months vs <1 week



0.64


0.81


LOS more than 6 months vs <1 week



0.33

*

0.41

*

Counselor understood client vs not



1.00


0.98


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.25

*

2.12

*

Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



1.17


1.20


Residential vs inpatient



1.06


1.16


Methadone vs inpatient



1.19


1.20


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.39

*

0.44

*








Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.23

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.02

*

1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means larceny/theft becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00 means larceny/theft becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

Table B-55. Correlates of breaking and entering in the five years after

treatment (Tx) —Results of logistic regression models

[SROS sampled 3,047 clients discharged from drug treatment in 1989-1990]



MODEL 1


MODEL 2


MODEL 3


Multiple R-Squared

0.27


0.28


0.36


Observations Used in Analysis

1,777


1,424


1,392


Weighted Count

957,382


797,924


779,973


INDEPENDENT VARIABLES

Odds ratios1


Pre-Treatment







Age in years (linear)

0.86


0.88


0.82


Age in years squared (nonlinear)

1.00


1.00


1.00


Sell drugs before Tx vs not

1.36


1.35


1.43


Prostitution before Tx vs not

3.10

*

2.89

*

2.66

*

Larceny before Tx vs not

1.68


1.92

*

1.45


Break/enter before Tx vs not

7.39

*

6.17

*

8.58

*

Male vs female

2.20

*

2.25

*

2.20

*

Black vs white

1.88

*

2.01

*

2.72

*

Hispanic vs white

0.72


1.08


0.88


Other race vs white

0.18


0.29


0.28


Entered Tx due to legal pressure vs not

1.27

*

1.13


1.07









Treatment







Completed treatment plan vs not



0.77


0.75


LOS 1 week top 1 month vs < 1 week



0.39

*

0.58


LOS 1-6 months vs < 1 week



0.61


0.89


LOS more than 6 months vs < 1 week



0.77


1.13


Counselor understood client vs not



0.99


0.92


Used drugs during Tx vs not



2.16


1.97


Facility revenue per patient



1.00


1.00


Facility revenue above median vs below



0.50


0.44


Residential vs inpatient



1.03


1.08


Methadone vs inpatient



1.14


1.30


Outpatient nonmethadone vs inpatient



0.76


1.01









Post-Treatment







Had more treatment after Tx vs not





1.27

*

Attended AA/NA/CA after Tx vs not





1.02

*

1 An odds ratio above 1.00 means breaking and entering becomes more likely; an odds ratio below 1.00

means breaking and entering becomes less likely. * Significant at p<.05; LOS - Length of Stay.

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This page was last updated on June 03, 2008.