1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse

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Discussion

Table 13.1 Percentage Reporting Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group, Total Family Income, and Health Insurance Status: 1997 Note: Due to improved procedures implemented in 1994, these estimates are not comparable with those presented in NHSDA Main Findings prior to 1994.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.2 Percentage Reporting Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and Receipt of Welfare Assistance: 1997

Note: Due to improved procedures implemented in 1994, these estimates are not comparable with those presented in NHSDA Main Findings prior to 1994.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.3 Percentage of Past Year Illicit Drug and Alcohol Users and Nonusers Reporting Having Been Arrested and Booked for Breaking a Law: 1997
 
In Past Year Arrested
and Booked for:
(Unweighted n)
Illicit Drug Use in
Past Year
  Drunk 51 or More
Days in Past Year
Total
(24,505)
Yes
(4,147)
No
(20,358)
Yes
(1,023)
No
(23,482)
         
Larceny or Theft 1.6  0.1    1.8  0.2  0.3 
             
Burglary or Breaking
and Entering
0.9    1.2  0.1  0.1 
             
Aggravated Assault 0.9  0.1    0.9  0.1  0.2 
             
Other Assault 2.0  0.2    3.3  0.3  0.4 
             
Motor Vehicle Theft 0.5    0.7  0.1 
             
Robbery 0.4    0.8  0.1 
             
Arson 0.2    0.1 
             
Driving Under the Influence 2.8  0.2    4.8  0.3  0.5 
             
Drunkenness or Liquor
Law Violation
1.5  0.1    4.0  0.1  0.2 
             
Possession or Sale of Drugs 2.8    2.4  0.3  0.3 

Note 1: Due to improved procedures implemented in 1994, these estimates are not comparable with those presented in NHSDA Main Findings prior to 1994.
Note 2: Any illicit drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics at least once.

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.4 Percentage Reporting Past Month Illicit Drug Use, "Binge" Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Annual Averages Based on 1996 and 1997 Samples Combined

Note 1: Due to improved procedures implemented in 1994, these estimates are not comparable with those presented in NHSDA Main Findings prior to 1994.
Note 2: Estimates for 1994 and 1997 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.
Note 3: Illicit drug use indicates use at least once in the past month of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics.
Note 4: "Binge" alcohol use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
Note 5: The sum of the pregnant and not pregnant females aged 15 to 44 is less than the total of all females aged 15 to 44 because of item nonresponse to the pregnancy question.

*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.

1 The category "other" for race/ethnicity is not included.
2 Not married includes never married, divorced, separated, and widowed.
3 Trimester not reported by all pregnant respondents.
4 Data on adult education not shown for persons aged 15 to 17. Estimates for adult education are for persons aged 18 to 44.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1996 and 1997.

Table 13.5 Percentage of Adults Aged 18 or Older Reporting Past Year Mental Syndromes, by Demographic Characteristics: 1997
 
  Mental Syndrome  
Demographic
Characteristic
Any of Four
Mental Syndromes
Major
Depressive Episode
Generalized Anxiety Disorder Agoraphobia Panic Attack (Unweighted n)
             
Total 11.1  7.9  2.1  1.8  2.9  (16,661) 
Age Group in Years            
    18-25
13.3  9.4  1.9  1.9  3.6  (6,239) 
    26-34
10.8  7.3  2.6  1.9  3.2  (4,387) 
    35-49
13.1  9.6  2.3  2.7  3.7  (3,224) 
    50+
8.5  6.1  1.7  0.9  1.9  (2,811) 
Gender            
    Male
8.3  5.9  1.6  1.2  2.3  (6,965) 
    Female
13.6  9.7  2.6  2.4  3.6  (9,696) 
Race/Ethnicity1            
    White
11.9  8.8  2.2  1.7  3.3  (8,473) 
    Black
9.6  5.3  1.6  3.0  2.2  (3,293) 
    Hispanic
7.9  5.6  2.0  1.2  1.7  (4,173) 
Population Density        
    Large metro
9.8  6.9  1.6  1.5  2.3  (8,892) 
    Small metro
11.9  9.1  2.4  2.2  3.1  (4,848) 
    Nonmetro
12.1  8.0  2.6  1.7  3.9  (2,921) 
Region        
    Northeast
9.8  7.1  1.8  1.7  2.3  (2,062) 
    North Central
10.0  7.3  1.4  1.3  2.9  (2,263) 
    South
11.1  7.3  2.4  2.3  3.1  (5,328) 
    West
13.3  10.4  2.5  1.5  3.3  (7,008) 
Adult Education2      
    Less than high school
13.6  10.2  3.7  2.8  3.1  (3,972) 
    High school graduate
11.3  7.5  1.7  2.4  3.0  (5,585) 
    Some college
12.0  8.7  1.8  1.6  3.8  (4,279) 
    College graduate
7.7  5.9  1.6  0.4  1.8  (2,825) 
Current Employment3    
    Full-time
8.9  6.1  1.3  1.1  2.4  (8,839) 
    Part-time
11.8  8.1  1.5  2.6  3.6  (2,260) 
    Unemployed
17.6  13.4  3.1  3.7  2.3  (1,141) 
    Other4
13.5  10.1  3.4  2.3  3.8  (4,421) 

1 The category "other" for race/ethnicity is not included.
2 Data on adult education are not applicable for youths aged 12 to 17. Total refers to adults aged 18 or older (unweighted n=15,836).
3 Data on current employment are not applicable for youths aged 12 to 17. Total refers to adults aged 18 or older (unweighted n=15,836).
4 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.6 Percentage of Adults Aged 18 or Older Reporting Past Year Substance Use, by Presence of Past Year Mental Syndromes: 1997
 
    Mental Syndrome
Drug
(Unweighted n)
Total Adult
Population
(16,661)
Major
Depressive Episode
(1,341)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
(358)
Agoraphobia
(327)
Panic Attack
(523)
           
Any Illicit Drug Use1 10.3  21.5  21.3  16.3  22.1 
    Marijuana
8.2  16.8  15.7  12.0  17.2 
    Cocaine
1.9  4.6  4.0  2.8  5.1 
    Crack
0.6  1.5  2.6  2.2  1.6 
    Inhalants
0.7  1.7  2.0  0.8  2.7 
    Hallucinogens
1.6  4.1  5.7  1.1  4.5 
    PCP
0.1  0.3  0.3 
    Heroin
0.3  1.2  0.6  0.8 
    Nonmedical use of any 
    psychotherapeutic2
2.6  6.4  4.2  7.0 
9.2 
    Stimulants
0.7  2.6  0.5  2.6 
    Sedatives
0.3  0.6  0.9  1.3  2.5 
    Tranquilizers
0.9  2.5  1.9  0.4  6.9 
    Analgesics
1.8  4.2  3.1  3.7  5.2 
       
Drunk/High on Alcohol3 17.6  22.9  19.2  21.5  28.7 
         
Cigarettes 33.4  48.4  46.2  51.8  50.7 

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

1 Use of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP), heroin, or nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics at least once.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Drunk or very high on 3 or more days in the past year.

Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.7 Percentage of Youths Aged 12 to 17 Reporting Use of Selected Drugs in the Past Year, by Expected Parental Response to Hypothetical Drug Use Behaviors: 1997

Note 1: Questions asked were: "How do you think your parents would feel if they thought you did the following things?" Response choices were for each of eight drug-using behaviors: (1) not at all upset, (2) somewhat upset, and (3) very upset.
Note 2: Respondents who did not answer for a drug use behavior are excluded from this table.

1 The weighted percentage of all respondents aged 12 to 17 in each response category is shown in parentheses.
2 Any illicit drug other than marijuana indicates use at least once in the past year of cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who have also used any of the other listed drugs are included.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

Table 13.8 Percentage of Youths Aged 12 to 17 Reporting Use of Selected Drugs in the Past Year, by Expected Response of Close Friends to Respondents' Hypothetical Drug Use Behaviors: 1997

Note 1: Questions asked were: "How do you think your close friends would feel if they thought you did the following things?" Response choices were for each of eight drug-using behaviors: (1) not at all upset, (2) somewhat upset, and (3) very upset.
Note 2: Respondents who did not answer for a drug use behavior are excluded from this table.

1 The weighted percentage of all respondents aged 12 to 17 in each response category is shown in parentheses.
2 Any illicit drug other than marijuana indicates use at least once in the past year of cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.
Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997.

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This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.