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2003 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

40428

Table  5.1A Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Dependence Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 4,636 4,374 781 694 1,711 1,654 2,143 2,025
     Marijuana and Hashish 2,614 2,520 608a 502 1,199 1,260 806 757
     Cocaine 1,025 961 49 52 242 228 733 681
     Heroin 198 169 7 8 42 37 149 124
     Hallucinogens 136 135 38 44 88 61 11 29
     Inhalants 47 37 35 29 6 8 * *
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 1,242 1,275 189 222 358 310 695 743
          Pain Relievers 936 943 133 164 257 210 546 569
          Tranquilizers 251 196 31 36 51 47 169 113
          Stimulants 259 260 52 57 90 107 117 96
          Sedatives 131 112 14 30 17 13 100 69
ALCOHOL 8,222 7,563 527 512 2,171 2,139 5,524 4,912
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 11,524 10,871 1,099 1,038 3,424 3,362 7,000 6,470
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 1,334a 1,066 210 168 458 432 667 467
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.1B Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Dependence Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 2.0 1.8 3.2 2.8 5.5 5.2 1.2 1.1
     Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.1 2.5b 2.0 3.9 4.0 0.4 0.4
     Cocaine 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.4
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
     Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0
     Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 * *
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.4
          Pain Relievers 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.3
          Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
          Stimulants 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
          Sedatives 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5 3.2 2.1 2.0 7.0 6.7 3.1 2.7
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.2 11.0 10.6 3.9 3.6
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 0.6a 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.5 1.4 0.4 0.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.2A Substance Dependence in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4,636 4,374 8,222 7,563 11,524 10,871
12 8 15 9 9 15 22
13 31 35 21 31 45 60
14 107 74 69 59 143 108
15 161 124 102 110 213 196
16 203 201 147 144 302 294
17 271 245 179 160 381 359
18 234 290 194a 263 375 455
19 257 275 283 249 476 467
20 262 248 292 284 494 471
21 269a 193 400a 315 588a 458
22 193 210 318 321 454 489
23 202 152 269 267 407 380
24 177 166 219 227 359 339
25 117 121 195 214 271 303
26–29 450 549 871 878 1,194 1,286
30–34 329 360 912 869 1,169 1,093
35–39 376 387 976a 700 1,229 996
40–44 343 376 784 741 1,015 1,061
45–49 380 213 780 663 1,033 858
50–54 234 117 584 551 735 648
55–59 23 24 261 184 263 203
60–64 * * 177 91 177 91
65 or Older 8 * 178 234 186 234
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.2B Substance Dependence in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.0 1.8 3.5 3.2 4.9 4.6
12 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
13 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.4
14 2.5 1.8 1.6 1.4 3.3 2.6
15 3.9 3.0 2.5 2.7 5.2 4.7
16 5.0 4.8 3.6 3.4 7.5 7.0
17 6.9 6.0 4.5 3.9 9.6 8.8
18 5.4 6.3 4.4a 5.7 8.6 9.9
19 6.3 7.1 6.9 6.4 11.6 12.0
20 6.5 6.1 7.3 7.0 12.4 11.7
21 6.6a 4.9 9.9 8.0 14.5a 11.7
22 5.0 5.2 8.2 8.0 11.7 12.2
23 5.3a 3.8 7.1 6.7 10.7 9.5
24 5.0 4.6 6.2 6.2 10.2 9.3
25 3.5 3.3 5.8 5.9 8.1 8.4
26–29 2.9 3.7 5.7 5.9 7.8 8.7
30–34 1.7 1.8 4.6 4.3 5.9 5.4
35–39 1.7 1.9 4.4 3.3 5.6 4.8
40–44 1.6 1.7 3.6 3.3 4.6 4.7
45–49 1.8a 1.0 3.7 3.1 4.9 4.0
50–54 1.2 0.6 3.1 2.8 3.9 3.2
55–59 0.2 0.2 1.8 1.2 1.8 1.4
60–64 * * 1.5 0.8 1.5 0.8
65 or Older 0.0 * 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.3A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4,636 4,374 8,222 7,563 11,524 10,871
AGE
     12–17 781 694 527 512 1,099 1,038
     18–25 1,711 1,654 2,171 2,139 3,424 3,362
     26 or Older 2,143 2,025 5,524 4,912 7,000 6,470
GENDER
     Male 2,876 2,573 5,382 4,900 7,292 6,798
     Female 1,760 1,801 2,840 2,663 4,232 4,073
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,049 3,809 7,145 6,479 10,026 9,422
          White 3,004 3,016 5,573 5,237 7,760 7,549
          Black or African American 869a 590 1,160a 827 1,717a 1,311
          American Indian or Alaska Native 28 37 103 104 122 130
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 20 20 34 25 50 40
          Asian 49 79 138 195 177 253
          Two or More Races 78 67 137 91 201 139
     Hispanic or Latino 587 565 1,077 1,085 1,497 1,449
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.3B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.0 1.8 3.5 3.2 4.9 4.6
AGE
     12–17 3.2 2.8 2.1 2.0 4.4 4.2
     18–25 5.5 5.2 7.0 6.7 11.0 10.6
     26 or Older 1.2 1.1 3.1 2.7 3.9 3.6
GENDER
     Male 2.5 2.2 4.7 4.3 6.4 5.9
     Female 1.4 1.5 2.3 2.2 3.5 3.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.0 1.8 3.5a 3.1 4.9 4.5
          White 1.8 1.8 3.4 3.1 4.7 4.5
          Black or African American 3.2b 2.1 4.3a 3.0 6.4a 4.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.9 2.9 7.0 8.3 8.2 10.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.5 4.1 4.2 5.1 6.1 8.1
          Asian 0.5 0.8 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.6
          Two or More Races 3.1 2.6 5.5 3.5 8.0 5.4
     Hispanic or Latino 2.0 1.9 3.7 3.6 5.1 4.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.4A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 781 694 527 512 1,099 1,038
GENDER
     Male 437 374 265 251 591 537
     Female 344 320 263 261 508 501
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 639 604 433 424 908 889
          White 518 488 377 355 754 734
          Black or African American 85 77 29 25 102 92
          American Indian or Alaska Native 13 6 * 12 * 14
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 4 18 3 13 7a 24
          Two or More Races 14 12 10 14 19 21
     Hispanic or Latino 143a 90 94 88 191 150
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 277 257 197 179 398 374
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 241 232 179 176 356 360
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 53 41 9 10 57 45
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 33 36 20 15 45 47
     Male, Hispanic 89 54 47 48 112 90
     Female, Hispanic 53 36 48 39 78 60
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.4B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3.2 2.8 2.1 2.0 4.4 4.2
GENDER
     Male 3.5 2.9 2.1 2.0 4.7 4.2
     Female 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.1 4.2 4.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3.1 2.9 2.1 2.0 4.4 4.2
          White 3.3 3.1 2.4 2.3 4.9 4.7
          Black or African American 2.4 2.0 0.8 0.7 2.8 2.5
          American Indian or Alaska Native 7.1 3.6 * 7.0 * 8.0
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 0.4 1.8 0.3 1.3 0.6a 2.5
          Two or More Races 3.5 3.0 2.6 3.6 4.9 5.2
     Hispanic or Latino 3.6a 2.2 2.4 2.2 4.9 3.7
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 3.5 3.2 2.5 2.2 5.0 4.7
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 3.2 3.1 2.4 2.3 4.7 4.7
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 2.9 2.2 0.5 0.5 3.1 2.4
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.8 1.9 1.1 0.8 2.5 2.5
     Male, Hispanic 4.4a 2.6 2.3 2.3 5.6 4.3
     Female, Hispanic 2.8 1.8 2.5 2.0 4.1 3.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.5A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,711 1,654 2,171 2,139 3,424 3,362
GENDER
     Male 1,045 993 1,365 1,304 2,119 2,038
     Female 666 662 806 835 1,305 1,324
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,511 1,398 1,820 1,768 2,932 2,825
          White 1,224 1,140 1,497 1,466 2,390 2,314
          Black or African American 212 187 194 184 362 331
          American Indian or Alaska Native 9 13 * 14 * 27
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 7 * * * *
          Asian 34 24 30 54 54 74
          Two or More Races 27 27 55 30 75 54
     Hispanic or Latino 200 256 351 371 493 537
EDUCATION
     < High School 473 459 448 497 785 832
     High School Graduate 564 624 670 687 1,108 1,135
     Some College 551a 460 827 723 1,211 1,080
     College Graduate 124 112 226 232 320 316
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 740 703 1,059 960 1,608 1,493
     Part-Time 425 423 517a 622 836 915
     Unemployed 216 237 225 206 370 391
     Other1 331 291 371 351 610 563
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.5B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5.5 5.2 7.0 6.7 11.0 10.6
GENDER
     Male 6.7 6.2 8.8 8.2 13.6 12.8
     Female 4.3 4.2 5.2 5.3 8.4 8.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.9a 5.4 7.1 6.8 11.5 10.8
          White 6.3 5.8 7.8 7.5 12.4 11.8
          Black or African American 5.2 4.4 4.8 4.3 8.9 7.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 4.2 7.2 * 7.9 * 14.6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 4.2 * * * *
          Asian 2.5 1.6 2.2 3.7 3.9 5.1
          Two or More Races 6.7 7.5 13.6 8.2 18.5 14.9
     Hispanic or Latino 3.7 4.5 6.4 6.6 9.0 9.5
EDUCATION
     < High School 6.9 6.7 6.5 7.2 11.4 12.1
     High School Graduate 5.3 5.7 6.3 6.3 10.5 10.3
     Some College 5.6a 4.6 8.5a 7.3 12.4a 10.9
     College Graduate 3.3 2.8 6.0 5.8 8.4 7.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 5.1 4.8 7.3 6.6 11.1 10.2
     Part-Time 5.4 5.2 6.5 7.6 10.6 11.2
     Unemployed 8.8 8.8 9.1 7.6 15.1 14.5
     Other1 5.4 4.6 6.0 5.6 9.9 9.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.6A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,143 2,025 5,524 4,912 7,000 6,470
GENDER
     Male 1,393 1,206 3,752 3,345 4,582 4,222
     Female 750 820 1,771 1,567 2,418 2,248
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,899 1,807 4,892 4,286 6,186 5,708
          White 1,262 1,388 3,699 3,415 4,616 4,501
          Black or African American 572a 326 937 618 1,252 888
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6 17 68 77 73 89
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 11 38 106 128 117 155
          Two or More Races 37 28 72 47 107 64
     Hispanic or Latino 244 218 632 625 814 762
EDUCATION
     < High School 678 531 1,300 1,155 1,690 1,535
     High School Graduate 680 661 1,846 1,669 2,332 2,175
     Some College 531 593 1,258 1,176 1,644 1,657
     College Graduate 254 240 1,119 912 1,334 1,103
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1,277 1,191 3,553 3,225 4,487 4,114
     Part-Time 176 246 463 517 596 705
     Unemployed 215 149 460 327 539 437
     Other1 476 440 1,048 843 1,378 1,214
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.6B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.2 1.1 3.1 2.7 3.9 3.6
GENDER
     Male 1.6 1.4 4.4 3.9 5.4 4.9
     Female 0.8 0.9 1.9 1.7 2.6 2.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.1 3.1 2.7 3.9 3.5
          White 1.0 1.1 2.8 2.6 3.5 3.4
          Black or African American 3.0a 1.7 4.9a 3.2 6.5a 4.6
          American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5 1.9 6.3 8.6 6.8 9.9
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 0.2 0.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 2.1
          Two or More Races 2.2 1.5 4.2 2.6 6.2 3.5
     Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.1 3.2 3.1 4.1 3.8
EDUCATION
     < High School 2.2 1.7 4.3 3.7 5.6 4.9
     High School Graduate 1.2 1.2 3.2 3.0 4.1 3.9
     Some College 1.2 1.4 2.9 2.8 3.8 3.9
     College Graduate 0.5 0.5 2.3 1.8 2.7 2.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1.3 1.2 3.5 3.1 4.4 4.0
     Part-Time 0.9 1.2 2.4 2.5 3.0 3.4
     Unemployed 4.2 2.8 9.0 6.1 10.5 8.1
     Other1 0.9 0.8 2.0 1.6 2.6 2.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.7A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,855 3,680 7,695 7,051 10,425 9,832
GENDER
     Male 2,438 2,198 5,118 4,649 6,701 6,260
     Female 1,416 1,481 2,577 2,402 3,724 3,572
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,410 3,205 6,712 6,054 9,118 8,533
          White 2,486 2,528 5,196 4,881 7,006 6,815
          Black or African American 784a 513 1,131 801 1,614a 1,219
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15 30 89 91 99 116
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 16 * 34 21 46 36
          Asian 45 61 135 183 171 229
          Two or More Races 64 55 127 77 182 118
     Hispanic or Latino 445 475 983 997 1,307 1,299
EDUCATION
     < High School 1,151 990 1,748 1,652 2,475 2,367
     High School Graduate 1,244 1,286 2,517 2,356 3,440 3,310
     Some College 1,081 1,052 2,085 1,899 2,855 2,737
     College Graduate 378 351 1,345 1,144 1,654 1,418
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 2,017 1,894 4,612 4,185 6,096 5,606
     Part-Time 600 669 979 1,139 1,432 1,620
     Unemployed 431 386 684 533 910 828
     Other1 806 730 1,419 1,194 1,988 1,777
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40426

Table  5.7B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.8 1.7 3.7 3.3 5.0 4.6
GENDER
     Male 2.4 2.2 5.1 4.5 6.6 6.1
     Female 1.3 1.3 2.4 2.2 3.4 3.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.8 1.7 3.6a 3.2 4.9 4.6
          White 1.7 1.7 3.5 3.2 4.7 4.5
          Black or African American 3.4a 2.2 4.9a 3.4 7.0a 5.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.1 2.8 6.9 8.5 7.7 10.7
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.2 * 4.6 5.1 6.2 8.7
          Asian 0.6 0.7 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.6
          Two or More Races 3.0 2.5 6.0 3.5 8.6 5.4
     Hispanic or Latino 1.8 1.8 3.9 3.9 5.2 5.0
EDUCATION
     < High School 3.1 2.6 4.7 4.4 6.6 6.2
     High School Graduate 1.8 1.9 3.7 3.5 5.1 4.9
     Some College 2.1 2.0 4.0 3.6 5.4 5.2
     College Graduate 0.7 0.6 2.6 2.1 3.1 2.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1.7 1.6 4.0 3.6 5.2 4.8
     Part-Time 2.2 2.3 3.6 4.0 5.2 5.7
     Unemployed 5.7 4.8 9.0 6.6 12.0 10.2
     Other1 1.4 1.2 2.4 2.0 3.4 3.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.8A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4,636 4,374 8,222 7,563 11,524 10,871
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 935 864 1,517 1,422 2,151 2,091
          New England 274 317 431 468 601 695
          Middle Atlantic 661 547 1,087 954 1,550 1,396
     Midwest 1,026 895 1,916 1,867 2,614 2,555
          East North Central 772 639 1,427 1,291 1,947 1,765
          West North Central 253 256 489 576 666 789
     South 1,627 1,596 2,911a 2,371 4,129a 3,548
          South Atlantic 950 872 1,638a 1,273 2,361a 1,927
          East South Central 301 225 401 328 620 494
          West South Central 376 498 872 769 1,149 1,127
     West 1,049 1,018 1,877 1,904 2,629 2,676
          Mountain 268 309 634 631 805 822
          Pacific 781 710 1,243 1,273 1,825 1,854
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2,613 2,360 4,445 4,012 6,286 5,822
     Small Metro 1,404 1,445 2,507 2,387 3,475 3,469
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 939 884 1,633 1,548 2,315 2,228
          < 250K Pop. 465 561 874 839 1,160 1,241
     Nonmetro 619 569 1,270 1,164 1,763 1,580
          Urbanized 229 302 468 556 659 780
          Less Urbanized 326 243 707 520 961a 701
          Completely Rural 64 25 96 89 143 99
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.8B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.0 1.8 3.5 3.2 4.9 4.6
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 2.1 1.9 3.4 3.1 4.8 4.6
          New England 2.3 2.7 3.6 3.9 5.1 5.8
          Middle Atlantic 2.0 1.6 3.3 2.9 4.7 4.2
     Midwest 1.9 1.7 3.6 3.5 4.9 4.8
          East North Central 2.1 1.7 3.8 3.4 5.2 4.7
          West North Central 1.6 1.6 3.1 3.6 4.2 4.9
     South 1.9 1.9 3.5b 2.8 4.9a 4.2
          South Atlantic 2.2 2.0 3.7a 2.9 5.4a 4.3
          East South Central 2.1 1.6 2.8 2.3 4.4 3.5
          West South Central 1.5 1.9 3.4 2.9 4.4 4.3
     West 2.0 1.9 3.5 3.5 5.0 5.0
          Mountain 1.7 2.0 4.1 4.0 5.3 5.3
          Pacific 2.1 1.9 3.3 3.3 4.9 4.9
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.1 1.9 3.5 3.2 5.0 4.6
     Small Metro 2.0 2.0 3.6 3.3 5.0 4.9
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.1 1.9 3.6 3.3 5.1 4.7
          < 250K Pop. 2.0 2.3 3.7 3.4 4.9 5.1
     Nonmetro 1.5 1.4 3.2 2.9 4.4 3.9
          Urbanized 1.4 1.7 2.9 3.1 4.1 4.4
          Less Urbanized 1.7 1.3 3.6 2.9 4.9 3.8
          Completely Rural 1.4 0.6 2.2 2.2 3.2 2.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.9A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 781 694 527 512 1,099 1,038
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 178b 101 104 80 241b 166
          New England 48 31 23 32 63 55
          Middle Atlantic 130b 70 80a 48 178b 111
     Midwest 165 178 124 128 247 262
          East North Central 114 127 88 79 172 174
          West North Central 50 51 36 49 75 88
     South 285 242 190 150 399 331
          South Atlantic 178b 108 103 71 225a 147
          East South Central 33 46 20 13 49 51
          West South Central 74 89 66 66 125 132
     West 154 173 109a 154 212a 279
          Mountain 54 68 48 58 78 101
          Pacific 100 105 62 96 134 178
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 407 361 261 242 552 518
     Small Metro 242 211 156 159 335 320
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 182 136 100 93 233 208
          < 250K Pop. 60 75 56 66 103 111
     Nonmetro 132 123 111 111 211 201
          Urbanized 47 49 38 47 78 82
          Less Urbanized 64 65 54 54 98 101
          Completely Rural 21 8 18 11 35 18
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.9B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3.2 2.8 2.1 2.0 4.4 4.2
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 4.0b 2.2 2.3 1.8 5.4b 3.7
          New England 4.1 2.6 2.0 2.7 5.4 4.7
          Middle Atlantic 3.9b 2.1 2.4a 1.5 5.4b 3.4
     Midwest 2.9 3.1 2.2 2.2 4.3 4.6
          East North Central 2.9 3.2 2.2 2.0 4.3 4.4
          West North Central 3.0 3.0 2.1 2.9 4.4 5.2
     South 3.2 2.7 2.2 1.7 4.6 3.7
          South Atlantic 4.1b 2.4 2.4 1.6 5.1b 3.3
          East South Central 2.3 3.2 1.4 0.9 3.5 3.5
          West South Central 2.5 3.0 2.2 2.2 4.2 4.5
     West 2.6 2.9 1.9a 2.6 3.6a 4.7
          Mountain 3.2 3.9 2.8 3.3 4.5 5.8
          Pacific 2.4 2.5 1.5 2.3 3.3 4.3
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 3.1 2.7 2.0 1.8 4.2 3.9
     Small Metro 3.3 2.8 2.2 2.2 4.6 4.3
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.7a 2.7 2.0 1.9 4.8 4.2
          < 250K Pop. 2.5 3.1 2.4 2.7 4.4 4.6
     Nonmetro 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.6 4.9 4.7
          Urbanized 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.5 4.5 4.4
          Less Urbanized 3.0 3.3 2.6 2.7 4.7 5.1
          Completely Rural 4.4 1.9 3.9 2.5 7.4 4.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.10A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,711 1,654 2,171 2,139 3,424 3,362
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 358 348 384 369 651 626
          New England 115 124 114 109 199 207
          Middle Atlantic 243 224 271 259 453 419
     Midwest 369 346 584 560 826 820
          East North Central 270 241 416 391 591 567
          West North Central 98 104 168 169 236 253
     South 591 508 721 668 1,178 1,054
          South Atlantic 311a 230 359 328 600 506
          East South Central 100 74 99 85 179 150
          West South Central 180 204 262 256 398 398
     West 393 453 482 542 769 862
          Mountain 132 125 180 173 265 240
          Pacific 261 328 301 369 504 622
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 935 930 1,036 1,074 1,736 1,777
     Small Metro 554 492 809 761 1,194 1,109
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 337 333 485 493 717 727
          < 250K Pop. 217a 159 324 268 478a 382
     Nonmetro 222 233 326 304 494 476
          Urbanized 94a 131 157 166 227 253
          Less Urbanized 104 95 141 122 222 204
          Completely Rural 24a 7 27 16 45a 20
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.10B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5.5 5.2 7.0 6.7 11.0 10.6
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 6.5 6.2 7.0 6.5 11.8 11.1
          New England 8.0 8.4 7.9 7.4 13.8 14.1
          Middle Atlantic 6.0 5.4 6.7 6.2 11.1 10.1
     Midwest 5.1 4.7 8.1 7.6 11.5 11.1
          East North Central 5.4 4.7 8.4 7.7 11.9 11.1
          West North Central 4.4 4.6 7.5 7.4 10.6 11.1
     South 5.4a 4.5 6.5 5.9 10.7a 9.3
          South Atlantic 5.8b 4.1 6.7 5.9 11.1a 9.1
          East South Central 5.2 3.8 5.2 4.4 9.4 7.8
          West South Central 4.8 5.4 7.1 6.7 10.7 10.4
     West 5.4 6.1 6.6 7.3 10.5 11.6
          Mountain 6.1 5.6 8.3 7.8 12.1 10.7
          Pacific 5.1 6.3 5.9 7.1 9.9a 12.0
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 5.9 5.6 6.5 6.5 10.9 10.7
     Small Metro 5.4 4.8 8.0 7.5 11.7 10.9
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.2 5.0 7.5 7.4 11.1 10.9
          < 250K Pop. 5.8 4.5 8.7 7.6 12.8 10.7
     Nonmetro 4.5 4.7 6.5 6.2 9.9 9.7
          Urbanized 4.2 5.6 7.0 7.0 10.1 10.7
          Less Urbanized 4.6 4.3 6.2 5.6 9.8 9.3
          Completely Rural 5.3a 1.8 5.8 4.5 9.7a 5.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.11A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,143 2,025 5,524 4,912 7,000 6,470
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 399 416 1,029 973 1,259 1,299
          New England 111 163 294 327 340 433
          Middle Atlantic 288 253 736 646 920 866
     Midwest 492 371 1,208 1,179 1,540 1,473
          East North Central 388 270 922 820 1,184 1,024
          West North Central 104 101 286 359 356 449
     South 751 846 2,000a 1,552 2,552 2,164
          South Atlantic 460 535 1,175 875 1,536 1,274
          East South Central 169 106 281 230 391 293
          West South Central 122 206 544 448 625 597
     West 501 392 1,286 1,208 1,649 1,535
          Mountain 81 115 406 400 462 481
          Pacific 420 277 880 807 1,187 1,054
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1,270 1,069 3,148 2,697 3,998 3,527
     Small Metro 608 743 1,542 1,467 1,945 2,040
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 419 415 1,047 962 1,365 1,292
          < 250K Pop. 189 328 494 505 579 748
     Nonmetro 265 214 834 748 1,058 903
          Urbanized 88 122 272 343 354 445
          Less Urbanized 159a 82 512 344 641a 397
          Completely Rural 18 10 50 61 63 62
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.11B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.2 1.1 3.1 2.7 3.9 3.6
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1.1 1.2 2.9 2.8 3.6 3.7
          New England 1.2 1.8 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.7
          Middle Atlantic 1.1 1.0 2.8 2.5 3.6 3.3
     Midwest 1.2 0.9 3.0 2.9 3.8 3.6
          East North Central 1.4 0.9 3.2 2.9 4.2 3.6
          West North Central 0.9 0.8 2.4 3.0 2.9 3.7
     South 1.2 1.3 3.1a 2.4 4.0 3.4
          South Atlantic 1.4 1.6 3.5 2.5 4.5 3.7
          East South Central 1.6 1.0 2.6 2.1 3.6 2.7
          West South Central 0.6 1.1 2.8 2.3 3.3 3.1
     West 1.3 1.0 3.2 3.0 4.1 3.8
          Mountain 0.7 1.0 3.6 3.4 4.0 4.1
          Pacific 1.5 1.0 3.1 2.8 4.2 3.6
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1.3 1.1 3.3 2.8 4.1 3.7
     Small Metro 1.2 1.4 3.0 2.7 3.7 3.8
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.2 1.2 3.1 2.7 4.0 3.7
          < 250K Pop. 1.1 1.8 2.8 2.7 3.3 4.0
     Nonmetro 0.9 0.7 2.7 2.4 3.4 2.9
          Urbanized 0.7 0.9 2.3 2.5 2.9 3.3
          Less Urbanized 1.0 0.6 3.4 2.5 4.2a 2.8
          Completely Rural 0.5 0.3 1.4 1.9 1.8 1.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.12A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,855 3,680 7,695 7,051 10,425 9,832
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 757 763 1,414 1,341 1,911 1,925
          New England 226 286 407 436 538 640
          Middle Atlantic 531 477 1,006 905 1,372 1,285
     Midwest 861 717 1,792 1,739 2,367 2,292
          East North Central 658a 512 1,339 1,212 1,775 1,591
          West North Central 203 205 453 528 592 702
     South 1,342 1,354 2,721a 2,221 3,730a 3,218
          South Atlantic 771 765 1,534a 1,202 2,136 1,780
          East South Central 268 180 381 315 570 443
          West South Central 302 410 806 704 1,023 995
     West 895 846 1,768 1,750 2,417 2,397
          Mountain 214 241 586 574 727 721
          Pacific 681 605 1,181 1,176 1,690 1,676
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2,206 1,999 4,184 3,771 5,734 5,304
     Small Metro 1,162 1,234 2,351 2,228 3,139 3,149
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 756 747 1,532 1,455 2,082 2,019
          < 250K Pop. 406 487 818 773 1,057 1,130
     Nonmetro 487 447 1,160 1,053 1,552 1,380
          Urbanized 182 253 429 509 581 697
          Less Urbanized 263 177 653 466 863a 600
          Completely Rural 43 16 78 78 108 82
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.12B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.8 1.7 3.7 3.3 5.0 4.6
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1.9 1.9 3.5 3.3 4.7 4.7
          New England 2.1 2.7 3.8 4.1 5.1 6.0
          Middle Atlantic 1.8 1.6 3.4 3.0 4.6 4.3
     Midwest 1.8 1.5 3.8 3.6 5.0 4.8
          East North Central 2.0a 1.5 4.0 3.6 5.3 4.7
          West North Central 1.4 1.4 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.9
     South 1.8 1.8 3.6a 2.9 5.0a 4.2
          South Atlantic 2.0 1.9 3.9a 3.0 5.4 4.5
          East South Central 2.1 1.4 3.0 2.5 4.5 3.5
          West South Central 1.3 1.8 3.5 3.0 4.5 4.3
     West 1.9 1.8 3.8 3.7 5.1 5.0
          Mountain 1.6 1.7 4.3 4.1 5.3 5.2
          Pacific 2.0 1.8 3.5 3.5 5.1 4.9
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.0 1.8 3.7 3.3 5.1 4.7
     Small Metro 1.9 1.9 3.8 3.5 5.1 4.9
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.9 1.8 3.8 3.5 5.1 4.8
          < 250K Pop. 1.9 2.2 3.8 3.5 4.9 5.1
     Nonmetro 1.4 1.2 3.2 2.9 4.3 3.8
          Urbanized 1.3 1.6 3.0 3.2 4.1 4.4
          Less Urbanized 1.5 1.1 3.7 2.9 4.9a 3.7
          Completely Rural 1.1 0.4 2.0 2.1 2.7 2.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40723

Table  5.13A Substance Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Abuse Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 2,480 2,461 595 593 837 832 1,048 1,036
     Marijuana and Hashish 1,680 1,678 447 453 661 625 572 600
     Cocaine 463 554 55 33 135 165 273 355
     Heroin 16 20 6 4 6 5 * 10
     Hallucinogens 290b 186 101a 62 154b 90 35 34
     Inhalants 133 132 66 75 24 32 44 25
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 775 648 144 139 229 206 402 303
          Pain Relievers 573 480 103 117 162 140 307 224
          Tranquilizers 258 238 56 60 93 100 109 79
          Stimulants 177 118 45 41 47 35 85 42
          Sedatives 23 46 14 9 9 7 * 29
ALCOHOL 9,878 10,241 926 959 3,306 3,323 5,646 5,960
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 11,717 12,064 1,377 1,378 3,858 3,897 6,483 6,789
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 641 639 144 174 285 257 212 208
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40723

Table  5.13B Substance Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Abuse Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 1.1 1.0 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.6 0.6 0.6
     Marijuana and Hashish 0.7 0.7 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.0 0.3 0.3
     Cocaine 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2
     Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
     Hallucinogens 0.1b 0.1 0.4a 0.2 0.5b 0.3 0.0 0.0
     Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
          Pain Relievers 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1
          Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0
          Stimulants 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
          Sedatives 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
ALCOHOL 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.8 10.7 10.5 3.1 3.3
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.5 12.4 12.3 3.6 3.8
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.14A Substance Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,480 2,461 9,878 10,241 11,717 12,064
12 18 19 11 16 28 32
13 48 41 31 48 72 84
14 81 105 106 105 166 181
15 108 129 172 162 253 256
16 160 153 285 287 406 380
17 180 146 321 341 453 444
18 192 187 466 394 578 528
19 128 141 479 409 551 497
20 89a 144 402 399 470 507
21 127 110 484 481 581 544
22 93 86 475 464 542 518
23 91 57 415 436 471 484
24 70 54 322 404 376 444
25 46 54 262a 335 289a 375
26–29 239 194 1,084 1,097 1,242 1,232
30–34 214 145 1,033 1,116 1,198 1,233
35–39 197 243 1,038 953 1,194 1,133
40–44 141 175 793 774 934 932
45–49 74 178 555 792 600b 953
50–54 34 67 518 508 552 574
55–59 29 29 200 354 228 360
60–64 119 * 204a 47 312b 47
65 or Older * 6 222 318 222 324
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.14B Substance Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.1 1.0 4.2 4.3 5.0 5.1
12 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.8
13 1.1 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.7 1.9
14 1.9 2.6 2.4 2.6 3.8 4.4
15 2.6 3.1 4.2 3.9 6.2 6.2
16 3.9 3.6 7.0 6.9 10.0 9.1
17 4.6 3.6 8.1 8.3 11.5 10.9
18 4.4 4.0 10.7a 8.6 13.2 11.5
19 3.1 3.6 11.7 10.5 13.5 12.8
20 2.2a 3.6 10.1 9.9 11.8 12.6
21 3.1 2.8 12.0 12.3 14.3 13.9
22 2.4 2.2 12.3 11.6 14.0 12.9
23 2.4a 1.4 10.9 10.9 12.4 12.1
24 2.0 1.5 9.1 11.1 10.7 12.2
25 1.4 1.5 7.9 9.2 8.7 10.3
26–29 1.6 1.3 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.3
30–34 1.1 0.7 5.2 5.5 6.0 6.1
35–39 0.9 1.2 4.7 4.6 5.4 5.4
40–44 0.6 0.8 3.6 3.4 4.3 4.1
45–49 0.4 0.8 2.6 3.7 2.8b 4.5
50–54 0.2 0.3 2.8 2.5 2.9 2.9
55–59 0.2 0.2 1.4 2.4 1.5 2.4
60–64 1.0 * 1.8a 0.4 2.7b 0.4
65 or Older * 0.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.15A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,480 2,461 9,878 10,241 11,717 12,064
AGE
     12–17 595 593 926 959 1,377 1,378
     18–25 837 832 3,306 3,323 3,858 3,897
     26 or Older 1,048 1,036 5,646 5,960 6,483 6,789
GENDER
     Male 1,661 1,634 6,939 6,911 8,134 8,103
     Female 819 827 2,938 3,330 3,583 3,961
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,997 2,009 8,526 8,907 9,975 10,372
          White 1,615 1,586 7,389 7,440 8,556 8,601
          Black or African American 256 261 744 882 941 1,082
          American Indian or Alaska Native 36 24 75 88 106 101
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 8 8 24 23 27 29
          Asian 52 70 186a 345 214a 392
          Two or More Races 31 61 108 128 131 167
     Hispanic or Latino 482 452 1,352 1,334 1,742 1,692
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.15B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.1 1.0 4.2 4.3 5.0 5.1
AGE
     12–17 2.4 2.4 3.7 3.8 5.6 5.5
     18–25 2.7 2.6 10.7 10.5 12.4 12.3
     26 or Older 0.6 0.6 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.8
GENDER
     Male 1.5 1.4 6.1 6.0 7.2 7.0
     Female 0.7 0.7 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.0 1.0 4.1 4.3 4.8 5.0
          White 1.0 1.0 4.5 4.5 5.2 5.2
          Black or African American 1.0 0.9 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.9
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.4 1.9 5.1 7.0 7.2 8.1
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.0 1.6 2.9 4.7 3.4 6.0
          Asian 0.6 0.7 2.0a 3.5 2.4a 4.0
          Two or More Races 1.2 2.4 4.3 5.0 5.2 6.5
     Hispanic or Latino 1.7 1.5 4.6 4.5 6.0 5.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.16A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 595 593 926 959 1,377 1,378
GENDER
     Male 327 313 478 456 728 680
     Female 268 280 448 503 649 697
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 498 491 795 823 1,168 1,152
          White 405 388 700 701 995 958
          Black or African American 63 55 55 54 110 102
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 12 11 12 * 18
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 9 14 17 29 26 35
          Two or More Races 10 22 10 25 15 35
     Hispanic or Latino 97 102 131 136 209 226
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 224 205 362 329 529 472
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 181 183 339 372 466 486
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 41 27 30 27 67 51
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 22 27 25 27 43 51
     Male, Hispanic 49 49 70 61 105 104
     Female, Hispanic 48 52 61 75 104 122
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.16B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.4 2.4 3.7 3.8 5.6 5.5
GENDER
     Male 2.6 2.5 3.8 3.6 5.8 5.3
     Female 2.2 2.3 3.7 4.1 5.4 5.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.4 2.3 3.8 3.9 5.6 5.5
          White 2.6 2.5 4.5 4.5 6.4 6.2
          Black or African American 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 3.0 2.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 6.7 5.6 6.5 * 10.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 0.9 1.4 1.7 3.0 2.5 3.6
          Two or More Races 2.6 5.6 2.6 6.3 3.9 8.8
     Hispanic or Latino 2.5 2.5 3.3 3.3 5.3 5.6
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 2.8 2.6 4.5 4.1 6.6 5.9
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 2.4 2.4 4.5 4.9 6.2 6.4
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 2.3 1.4 1.6 1.4 3.7 2.7
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.5 2.4 2.7
     Male, Hispanic 2.4 2.4 3.5 2.9 5.2 5.0
     Female, Hispanic 2.5 2.6 3.2 3.8 5.4 6.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.17A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 837 832 3,306 3,323 3,858 3,897
GENDER
     Male 589 565 2,185 2,164 2,561 2,544
     Female 248 266 1,121 1,158 1,296 1,353
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 688 677 2,856 2,824 3,301 3,281
          White 533 511 2,410 2,313 2,750 2,667
          Black or African American 93 104 263 268 329 335
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8 5 31 27 36 33
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 31 36 103 143 122 164
          Two or More Races 15 13 32 53 44 58
     Hispanic or Latino 149 155 450 499 557 617
EDUCATION
     < High School 236 300 648 611 807 828
     High School Graduate 317 249 1,070 1,042 1,282 1,212
     Some College 226 227 1,116 1,168 1,263 1,326
     College Graduate 58 55 471 502 505 531
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 378 363 1,651 1,630 1,904 1,884
     Part-Time 218 212 835 829 987 978
     Unemployed 93 82 283 287 330 350
     Other1 147 175 538 576 636 686
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.17B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.7 2.6 10.7 10.5 12.4 12.3
GENDER
     Male 3.8 3.6 14.1 13.6 16.5 16.0
     Female 1.6 1.7 7.2 7.3 8.4 8.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.7 2.6 11.2 10.8 12.9 12.6
          White 2.8 2.6 12.5 11.8 14.2 13.6
          Black or African American 2.3 2.4 6.5 6.3 8.1 7.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native 3.9 2.9 14.6 15.0 16.6 17.9
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 2.3 2.5 7.5 9.9 8.9 11.4
          Two or More Races 3.6 3.7 7.9a 14.7 10.8 15.9
     Hispanic or Latino 2.7 2.7 8.2 8.8 10.2 10.9
EDUCATION
     < High School 3.4 4.4 9.4 8.9 11.7 12.0
     High School Graduate 3.0a 2.3 10.1 9.5 12.1 11.0
     Some College 2.3 2.3 11.4 11.8 12.9 13.4
     College Graduate 1.5 1.4 12.4 12.6 13.3 13.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 2.6 2.5 11.4 11.2 13.1 12.9
     Part-Time 2.8 2.6 10.6 10.1 12.5 11.9
     Unemployed 3.8 3.0 11.5 10.7 13.4 13.0
     Other1 2.4 2.8 8.7 9.2 10.3 10.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.18A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,048 1,036 5,646 5,960 6,483 6,789
GENDER
     Male 746 756 4,277 4,291 4,845 4,878
     Female 303 281 1,369 1,669 1,638 1,910
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 812 840 4,875 5,260 5,507 5,939
          White 677 687 4,279 4,425 4,811 4,976
          Black or African American 100 102 426 561 502 645
          American Indian or Alaska Native 18 7 33 49 51 50
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 12 19 66 173 66 192
          Two or More Races 6 * 66 49 72 74
     Hispanic or Latino 237 196 771 700 976 849
EDUCATION
     < High School 253 286 721 912 937 1,128
     High School Graduate 292 338 1,767 1,711 2,015 2,002
     Some College 324 279 1,617 1,619 1,827 1,838
     College Graduate 180 133 1,540 1,718 1,703 1,822
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 631 809 4,388 4,478 4,884 5,107
     Part-Time 192a 32 480 483 653 504
     Unemployed 107 34 287 306 357 335
     Other1 119 162 491 694 589 843
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.18B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.6 0.6 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.8
GENDER
     Male 0.9 0.9 5.0 5.0 5.7 5.7
     Female 0.3 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.7 2.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.5 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.7
          White 0.5 0.5 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8
          Black or African American 0.5 0.5 2.2 2.9 2.6 3.3
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.6 0.8 3.1 5.5 4.7 5.6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 0.2 0.3 1.0 2.4 1.0 2.6
          Two or More Races 0.4 * 3.9 2.7 4.2 4.1
     Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.0 3.9 3.5 5.0 4.2
EDUCATION
     < High School 0.8 0.9 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.6
     High School Graduate 0.5 0.6 3.1 3.0 3.5 3.6
     Some College 0.8 0.7 3.8 3.8 4.3 4.3
     College Graduate 0.4 0.3 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 0.6 0.8 4.3 4.4 4.8 5.0
     Part-Time 1.0b 0.2 2.5 2.4 3.3 2.5
     Unemployed 2.1 0.6 5.6 5.7 7.0 6.2
     Other1 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.19A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,885 1,868 8,952 9,283 10,340 10,686
GENDER
     Male 1,335 1,321 6,462 6,456 7,406 7,422
     Female 551 547 2,490 2,827 2,934 3,264
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,500 1,517 7,731 8,084 8,807 9,220
          White 1,210 1,198 6,688 6,739 7,561 7,643
          Black or African American 192 206 689 829 831 980
          American Indian or Alaska Native 26 12 65 77 87 83
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 8 7 22 21 25 26
          Asian 43 56 169a 316 188a 357
          Two or More Races 21 38 98 102 116 132
     Hispanic or Latino 386 351 1,221 1,199 1,533 1,466
EDUCATION
     < High School 488 586 1,370 1,523 1,745 1,955
     High School Graduate 609 587 2,837 2,753 3,297 3,214
     Some College 550 506 2,734 2,787 3,090 3,165
     College Graduate 238 188 2,011 2,220 2,208 2,353
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1,009 1,171 6,038 6,108 6,787 6,990
     Part-Time 409a 244 1,315 1,312 1,641 1,482
     Unemployed 200 116 570 593 687 685
     Other1 266 337 1,029 1,270 1,225 1,529
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.19B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.9 0.9 4.3 4.4 4.9 5.0
GENDER
     Male 1.3 1.3 6.4 6.3 7.3 7.3
     Female 0.5 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8 0.8 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.9
          White 0.8 0.8 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.1
          Black or African American 0.8 0.9 3.0 3.5 3.6 4.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.0 1.1 5.0 7.1 6.7 7.7
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.1 1.6 3.0 5.0 3.4 6.3
          Asian 0.5 0.6 2.1 3.6 2.3a 4.1
          Two or More Races 1.0 1.8 4.6 4.7 5.5 6.1
     Hispanic or Latino 1.5 1.4 4.9 4.6 6.1 5.7
EDUCATION
     < High School 1.3 1.5 3.7 4.0 4.7 5.2
     High School Graduate 0.9 0.9 4.2 4.1 4.8 4.8
     Some College 1.0 1.0 5.2 5.3 5.9 6.0
     College Graduate 0.5 0.3 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 0.9 1.0 5.2 5.2 5.8 6.0
     Part-Time 1.5b 0.9 4.8 4.6 6.0 5.2
     Unemployed 2.6 1.4 7.5 7.3 9.1 8.5
     Other1 0.5 0.6 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.20A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,480 2,461 9,878 10,241 11,717 12,064
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 487 470 1,646 1,728 2,018 2,086
          New England 166 148 510 550 636 645
          Middle Atlantic 322 322 1,136 1,178 1,382 1,441
     Midwest 476 520 2,773 2,779 3,117 3,146
          East North Central 327 358 1,927 1,854 2,175 2,090
          West North Central 149 162 846 926 942 1,056
     South 814 839 3,279 3,316 3,884 3,929
          South Atlantic 406 461 1,615 1,794 1,908 2,123
          East South Central 135 118 454 411 559 508
          West South Central 272 259 1,211 1,111 1,417 1,298
     West 702 633 2,180 2,419 2,698 2,903
          Mountain 233 219 864 781 1,010 961
          Pacific 469 414 1,316 1,638 1,688 1,941
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1,368 1,329 5,284 5,313 6,303 6,310
     Small Metro 708 727 3,039 3,174 3,571 3,714
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 410 450 1,845 2,038 2,166 2,372
          < 250K Pop. 298 276 1,194 1,136 1,405 1,343
     Nonmetro 404 405 1,555 1,755 1,843 2,039
          Urbanized 180 215 661a 858 796 1,006
          Less Urbanized 185 168 718 770 837 889
          Completely Rural 39 22 176 127 210 144
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.20B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.1 1.0 4.2 4.3 5.0 5.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1.1 1.0 3.7 3.8 4.5 4.6
          New England 1.4 1.2 4.3 4.6 5.4 5.4
          Middle Atlantic 1.0 1.0 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.3
     Midwest 0.9 1.0 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.9
          East North Central 0.9 1.0 5.2 4.9 5.8 5.5
          West North Central 0.9 1.0 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.6
     South 1.0 1.0 3.9 3.9 4.6 4.6
          South Atlantic 0.9 1.0 3.7 4.0 4.4 4.8
          East South Central 1.0 0.8 3.2 2.9 3.9 3.6
          West South Central 1.1 1.0 4.7 4.3 5.5 5.0
     West 1.3 1.2 4.1 4.5 5.1 5.4
          Mountain 1.5 1.4 5.6 5.0 6.6 6.2
          Pacific 1.2 1.1 3.5 4.3 4.5 5.1
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1.1 1.1 4.2 4.2 5.0 5.0
     Small Metro 1.0 1.0 4.4 4.4 5.2 5.2
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.9 1.0 4.1 4.3 4.8 5.1
          < 250K Pop. 1.3 1.1 5.0 4.6 5.9 5.5
     Nonmetro 1.0 1.0 3.9 4.4 4.6 5.1
          Urbanized 1.1 1.2 4.1 4.8 5.0 5.6
          Less Urbanized 0.9 0.9 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.9
          Completely Rural 0.9 0.5 4.0 3.1 4.7 3.5
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.21A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 595 593 926 959 1,377 1,378
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 105 106 154 186 237 259
          New England 41 35 53 53 85 76
          Middle Atlantic 64 71 100 133 152 183
     Midwest 135 146 257 229 357 326
          East North Central 104 106 174 150 256 218
          West North Central 31 41 83 79 102 108
     South 197 195 307 301 450 442
          South Atlantic 116 99 167 141 244 202
          East South Central 24 18 43 45 64 58
          West South Central 57 78 98 115 141 182
     West 157 146 207 243 333 351
          Mountain 43 47 71 78 104 112
          Pacific 114 99 136 165 229 239
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 317 302 482 471 728 675
     Small Metro 175 183 253 294 394 426
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 98 113 171 187 245 275
          < 250K Pop. 78 70 83 106 148 151
     Nonmetro 103 108 190 194 255 277
          Urbanized 43 54 76 93 101 136
          Less Urbanized 53 44 89 82 125 114
          Completely Rural 6 10 25 19 29 27
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.21B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.4 2.4 3.7 3.8 5.6 5.5
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 2.4 2.4 3.4 4.1 5.3 5.8
          New England 3.6 3.0 4.6 4.5 7.4 6.5
          Middle Atlantic 1.9 2.1 3.0 4.0 4.6 5.5
     Midwest 2.4 2.6 4.5 4.0 6.3 5.7
          East North Central 2.6 2.6 4.4 3.7 6.4 5.5
          West North Central 1.8 2.4 4.9 4.7 6.0 6.3
     South 2.3 2.2 3.5 3.4 5.1 5.0
          South Atlantic 2.6 2.2 3.8 3.1 5.6 4.5
          East South Central 1.7 1.2 3.0 3.1 4.5 4.0
          West South Central 1.9 2.6 3.3 3.9 4.8 6.1
     West 2.7 2.5 3.6 4.1 5.7 6.0
          Mountain 2.5 2.7 4.2 4.5 6.1 6.5
          Pacific 2.8 2.4 3.3 4.0 5.6 5.7
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.4 2.3 3.7 3.5 5.5 5.1
     Small Metro 2.4 2.5 3.5 4.0 5.4 5.7
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.0 2.3 3.5 3.8 5.0 5.5
          < 250K Pop. 3.3 2.9 3.5 4.4 6.3 6.2
     Nonmetro 2.4 2.5 4.4 4.5 5.9 6.5
          Urbanized 2.5 2.9 4.4 5.0 5.9 7.3
          Less Urbanized 2.5 2.2 4.3 4.1 5.9 5.7
          Completely Rural 1.3 2.2 5.2 4.3 6.2 6.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.22A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 837 832 3,306 3,323 3,858 3,897
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 157 142 604 571 694 662
          New England 44 43 166 170 195 193
          Middle Atlantic 113 100 437 400 500 469
     Midwest 180 190 876 899 974 1,042
          East North Central 119 142 566 582 644 693
          West North Central 60 48 310 317 330 349
     South 293 279 1,149 1,122 1,355 1,308
          South Atlantic 144 180 552 582 660 706
          East South Central 52a 21 187 163 222 178
          West South Central 97 78 409 376 473 424
     West 207 220 678 731 835 885
          Mountain 63 73 257 218 298 277
          Pacific 144 147 421 513 537 608
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 414 437 1,554 1,657 1,820 1,970
     Small Metro 287 280 1,171 1,130 1,362 1,314
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 152 180 723 691 827 803
          < 250K Pop. 136 100 448 439 536 511
     Nonmetro 135 115 581 536 675 613
          Urbanized 66 64 286 302 334 343
          Less Urbanized 60 47 243 198 282 232
          Completely Rural 9 4 52 36 59 38
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.22B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.7 2.6 10.7 10.5 12.4 12.3
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 2.9 2.5 11.0 10.1 12.6 11.7
          New England 3.1 2.9 11.6 11.6 13.6 13.1
          Middle Atlantic 2.8 2.4 10.7 9.6 12.3 11.3
     Midwest 2.5 2.6 12.2 12.2 13.5 14.2
          East North Central 2.4 2.8 11.4 11.5 12.9 13.6
          West North Central 2.7 2.1 13.9 13.9 14.8 15.3
     South 2.7 2.5 10.4 9.9 12.3 11.6
          South Atlantic 2.7 3.2 10.2 10.4 12.2 12.6
          East South Central 2.7a 1.1 9.8 8.4 11.6 9.2
          West South Central 2.6 2.1 11.0 9.9 12.7 11.1
     West 2.8 3.0 9.3 9.9 11.4 11.9
          Mountain 2.9 3.2 11.8 9.8 13.6 12.4
          Pacific 2.8 2.8 8.2 9.9 10.5 11.7
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.6 2.6 9.8 10.0 11.5 11.9
     Small Metro 2.8 2.7 11.5 11.1 13.4 12.9
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.4 2.7 11.2 10.4 12.8 12.1
          < 250K Pop. 3.6 2.8 12.0 12.3 14.4 14.4
     Nonmetro 2.7 2.3 11.7 10.9 13.6 12.5
          Urbanized 2.9 2.7 12.7 12.8 14.9 14.5
          Less Urbanized 2.7 2.1 10.7 9.0 12.4 10.6
          Completely Rural 1.9 1.1 11.2 10.0 12.7 10.5
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.23A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,048 1,036 5,646 5,960 6,483 6,789
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 226 222 888 971 1,087 1,165
          New England 80 70 290 327 356 377
          Middle Atlantic 146 152 598 644 731 789
     Midwest 162 183 1,640 1,651 1,786 1,778
          East North Central 104 110 1,188 1,122 1,276 1,179
          West North Central 58 73 452 529 510 599
     South 323 364 1,823 1,893 2,079 2,178
          South Atlantic 146 181 895 1,071 1,004 1,215
          East South Central 59 79 224 203 273 272
          West South Central 118 103 704 619 803 692
     West 338 267 1,294 1,444 1,530 1,667
          Mountain 127 100 536 485 608 572
          Pacific 211 168 759 960 922 1,095
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 637 590 3,247 3,185 3,755 3,665
     Small Metro 245 263 1,615 1,750 1,815 1,974
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 161 157 951 1,160 1,094 1,294
          < 250K Pop. 84 107 664 590 721 681
     Nonmetro 166 182 784 1,024 912 1,149
          Urbanized 70 97 299a 463 361 527
          Less Urbanized 72 78 385 490 430 543
          Completely Rural 24 8 99 71 121 79
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.23B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.6 0.6 3.1 3.3 3.6 3.8
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 0.6 0.6 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.3
          New England 0.9 0.8 3.2 3.5 3.9 4.1
          Middle Atlantic 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.0
     Midwest 0.4 0.5 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.4
          East North Central 0.4 0.4 4.2 3.9 4.5 4.1
          West North Central 0.5 0.6 3.7 4.4 4.2 4.9
     South 0.5 0.6 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.4
          South Atlantic 0.4 0.5 2.6 3.1 3.0 3.5
          East South Central 0.5 0.7 2.1 1.9 2.5 2.5
          West South Central 0.6 0.5 3.7 3.2 4.2 3.6
     West 0.9 0.7 3.3 3.6 3.8 4.1
          Mountain 1.1 0.9 4.7 4.2 5.3 4.9
          Pacific 0.7 0.6 2.7 3.3 3.3 3.8
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 0.7 0.6 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.8
     Small Metro 0.5 0.5 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.7
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.5 0.4 2.8 3.3 3.2 3.7
          < 250K Pop. 0.5 0.6 3.7 3.2 4.1 3.7
     Nonmetro 0.5 0.6 2.5 3.3 3.0 3.7
          Urbanized 0.6 0.7 2.5 3.4 3.0 3.9
          Less Urbanized 0.5 0.6 2.5 3.5 2.8 3.9
          Completely Rural 0.7 0.2 2.8 2.2 3.5 2.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.24A Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,885 1,868 8,952 9,283 10,340 10,686
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 383 364 1,492 1,542 1,781 1,827
          New England 124 113 457 497 551 569
          Middle Atlantic 258 251 1,035 1,045 1,230 1,258
     Midwest 342 374 2,516 2,550 2,760 2,821
          East North Central 224 253 1,753 1,704 1,920 1,872
          West North Central 118 121 762 846 840 948
     South 616 643 2,972 3,015 3,434 3,487
          South Atlantic 290 361 1,447 1,653 1,664 1,921
          East South Central 111 100 411 366 495 450
          West South Central 215 181 1,113 996 1,276 1,116
     West 545 487 1,972 2,175 2,365 2,552
          Mountain 190 172 793 703 906 849
          Pacific 355 315 1,180 1,473 1,459 1,703
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1,052 1,027 4,801 4,842 5,575 5,635
     Small Metro 532 543 2,786 2,880 3,178 3,289
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 312 337 1,674 1,851 1,921 2,097
          < 250K Pop. 220 206 1,112 1,029 1,257 1,192
     Nonmetro 301 298 1,365 1,560 1,587 1,762
          Urbanized 136 161 585 765 695 870
          Less Urbanized 132 124 629 688 712 775
          Completely Rural 33 12 151 108 181 117
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.24B Substance Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.9 0.9 4.3 4.4 4.9 5.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 0.9 0.9 3.7 3.8 4.4 4.5
          New England 1.2 1.1 4.3 4.6 5.2 5.3
          Middle Atlantic 0.9 0.8 3.5 3.5 4.1 4.2
     Midwest 0.7 0.8 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.9
          East North Central 0.7 0.8 5.2 5.1 5.7 5.6
          West North Central 0.8 0.8 5.3 5.9 5.9 6.6
     South 0.8 0.8 4.0 4.0 4.6 4.6
          South Atlantic 0.7 0.9 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.8
          East South Central 0.9 0.8 3.2 2.9 3.9 3.5
          West South Central 0.9 0.8 4.9 4.3 5.6 4.8
     West 1.2 1.0 4.2 4.5 5.0 5.3
          Mountain 1.4 1.2 5.8 5.1 6.7 6.1
          Pacific 1.1 0.9 3.5 4.3 4.4 5.0
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 0.9 0.9 4.3 4.3 5.0 5.0
     Small Metro 0.9 0.8 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.1
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.8 0.8 4.1 4.4 4.7 5.0
          < 250K Pop. 1.0 0.9 5.2 4.7 5.9 5.4
     Nonmetro 0.8 0.8 3.8 4.3 4.4 4.9
          Urbanized 1.0 1.0 4.1 4.8 4.9 5.4
          Less Urbanized 0.8 0.8 3.6 4.2 4.1 4.8
          Completely Rural 0.8 0.3 3.8 2.9 4.6 3.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40723

Table  5.25A Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 7,116 6,835 1,376 1,287 2,548 2,486 3,192 3,062
     Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 1,055 955 1,860 1,886 1,378 1,357
     Cocaine 1,488 1,515 105 86 377 393 1,006 1,036
     Heroin 214 189 13 12 47 42 153 135
     Hallucinogens 426a 321 138 106 242b 152 46 63
     Inhalants 180 169 101 104 29 41 50 25
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 2,018 1,923 333 361 587 516 1,098 1,046
          Pain Relievers 1,509 1,424 237 281 419 350 853 793
          Tranquilizers 509 435 87 96 144 147 278 192
          Stimulants 436 378 98 98 137 142 202 138
          Sedatives 154 158 28 40 26 20 100 99
ALCOHOL 18,100 17,805 1,453 1,471 5,477 5,462 11,169 10,872
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 22,006 21,586 2,209 2,214 6,733 6,678 13,064 12,694
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 3,210 3,054 620 544 1,292 1,270 1,298 1,240
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40723

Table  5.25B Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1 3.0 2.9 5.6 5.1 8.2 7.8 1.8 1.7
     Marijuana and Hashish 1.8 1.8 4.3a 3.8 6.0 5.9 0.8 0.7
     Cocaine 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.6
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
     Hallucinogens 0.2a 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.8b 0.5 0.0 0.0
     Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic2 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.6 0.6 0.6
          Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.1 0.5 0.4
          Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
          Stimulants 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
          Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ALCOHOL 7.7 7.5 5.9 5.9 17.7 17.2 6.2 6.0
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1 9.4 9.1 8.9 8.9 21.7 21.0 7.3 7.0
BOTH ANY ILLICIT DRUG AND ALCOHOL1 1.4 1.3 2.5 2.2 4.2 4.0 0.7 0.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.26A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 7,116 6,835 18,100 17,805 22,006 21,586
12 26 34 20 25 41 51
13 79 76 53 78 111 132
14 188 179 174 164 278 277
15 268 253 274 271 409 420
16 363 354 432 431 618 611
17 451 391 500 501 752 722
18 426 476 660 657 858 902
19 385 415 762 658 952 863
20 350 391 695 683 885 880
21 396a 303 884 796 1,083a 926
22 287 296 793 786 929 921
23 293a 209 685 704 827 807
24 247 220 542 631 671 739
25 163 175 457a 549 528a 640
26–29 689 743 1,955 1,975 2,350 2,339
30–34 544 505 1,944 1,986 2,286 2,246
35–39 573 631 2,014 1,653 2,341 2,004
40–44 484 551 1,577 1,515 1,882 1,920
45–49 454 390 1,335 1,456 1,620 1,729
50–54 268 183 1,102 1,059 1,232 1,207
55–59 52 53 461 538 469 551
60–64 119 * 381a 139 476b 139
65 or Older 8 6 400 552 408 558
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.26B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3.0 2.9 7.7 7.5 9.4 9.1
12 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.2
13 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.7 3.1
14 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.0 6.4 6.7
15 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.6 10.0 10.2
16 9.0 8.4 10.7 10.3 15.3 14.6
17 11.4 9.6 12.7 12.2 19.0 17.6
18 9.8 10.3 15.1 14.3 19.7 19.6
19 9.4 10.7 18.7 16.9 23.3 22.2
20 8.8 9.7 17.4 17.0 22.1 21.9
21 9.8a 7.7 21.8 20.3 26.8a 23.6
22 7.4 7.4 20.5 19.6 24.0 22.9
23 7.7b 5.2 18.0 17.6 21.7 20.2
24 7.0 6.1 15.4 17.4 19.1 20.3
25 4.9 4.8 13.7 15.1 15.9 17.6
26–29 4.5 5.0 12.8 13.4 15.4 15.8
30–34 2.7 2.5 9.8 9.8 11.5 11.1
35–39 2.6 3.0 9.2 7.9 10.6 9.6
40–44 2.2 2.4 7.2 6.7 8.6 8.5
45–49 2.1 1.8 6.3 6.8 7.6 8.1
50–54 1.4 0.9 5.9 5.3 6.6 6.0
55–59 0.4 0.4 3.1 3.6 3.2 3.7
60–64 1.0 * 3.3a 1.2 4.1b 1.2
65 or Older 0.0 0.0 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.27A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 7,116 6,835 18,100 17,805 22,006 21,586
AGE
     12–17 1,376 1,287 1,453 1,471 2,209 2,214
     18–25 2,548 2,486 5,477 5,462 6,733 6,678
     26 or Older 3,192 3,062 11,169 10,872 13,064 12,694
GENDER
     Male 4,537 4,207 12,322 11,812 14,574 13,974
     Female 2,579 2,628 5,778 5,993 7,432 7,611
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 6,046 5,818 15,671 15,386 18,971 18,651
          White 4,619 4,602 12,962 12,677 15,442 15,232
          Black or African American 1,125a 851 1,903 1,709 2,541 2,235
          American Indian or Alaska Native 64 61 178 192 208 216
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 28 28 58 48 72 63
          Asian 101 149 324a 541 380a 613
          Two or More Races 109 128 246 219 326 292
     Hispanic or Latino 1,070 1,017 2,429 2,419 3,035 2,935
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.27B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3.0 2.9 7.7 7.5 9.4 9.1
AGE
     12–17 5.6 5.1 5.9 5.9 8.9 8.9
     18–25 8.2 7.8 17.7 17.2 21.7 21.0
     26 or Older 1.8 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.3 7.0
GENDER
     Male 4.0 3.7 10.8 10.3 12.8 12.2
     Female 2.1 2.1 4.8 4.9 6.1 6.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.9 2.8 7.6 7.4 9.2 9.0
          White 2.8 2.8 7.8 7.6 9.3 9.2
          Black or African American 4.2a 3.1 7.1 6.2 9.5 8.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 4.3 4.8 12.1 15.3 14.1 17.2
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.5 5.6 7.1 9.8 8.9 12.9
          Asian 1.1 1.5 3.6 5.5 4.2 6.3
          Two or More Races 4.3 5.0 9.8 8.5 13.0 11.3
     Hispanic or Latino 3.7 3.4 8.4 8.1 10.4 9.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.28A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,376 1,287 1,453 1,471 2,209 2,214
GENDER
     Male 764 688 742 707 1,171 1,105
     Female 612 599 711 764 1,038 1,108
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,136 1,096 1,228 1,247 1,857 1,861
          White 923 876 1,077 1,056 1,556 1,536
          Black or African American 149 131 83 79 201 178
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 18 25 24 32 31
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 13 32 20 42 31 57
          Two or More Races 24 34 20 40 31 52
     Hispanic or Latino 239 191 225 224 352 352
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 501 462 559 508 822 763
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 422 414 518 548 735 773
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 94 68 39 37 116 87
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 55 63 45 42 85 91
     Male, Hispanic 138 103 117 109 191 179
     Female, Hispanic 102 88 109 115 161 173
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.28B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5.6 5.1 5.9 5.9 8.9 8.9
GENDER
     Male 6.0 5.4 5.9 5.5 9.3 8.7
     Female 5.1 4.9 5.9 6.2 8.6 9.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.5 5.2 5.9 6.0 8.9 8.9
          White 5.9 5.6 6.9 6.8 10.0 9.9
          Black or African American 4.1 3.5 2.3 2.1 5.6 4.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 10.2 13.1 13.6 17.2 17.6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 1.3 3.3 1.9 4.3 3.1 5.8
          Two or More Races 6.1 8.5 5.2 9.9 8.0 13.1
     Hispanic or Latino 6.1 4.7 5.7 5.5 9.0 8.7
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 6.3 5.8 7.0 6.4 10.3 9.6
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 5.6 5.5 6.9 7.2 9.7 10.2
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 5.2 3.6 2.1 1.9 6.4 4.6
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 3.0 3.4 2.5 2.3 4.7 4.9
     Male, Hispanic 6.9 5.0 5.8 5.3 9.5 8.6
     Female, Hispanic 5.3 4.4 5.7 5.8 8.4 8.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.29A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,548 2,486 5,477 5,462 6,733 6,678
GENDER
     Male 1,634 1,558 3,550 3,469 4,300 4,192
     Female 914 928 1,927 1,993 2,433 2,486
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,199 2,075 4,676 4,592 5,760 5,611
          White 1,757 1,651 3,907 3,780 4,732 4,562
          Black or African American 304 292 456 451 643 623
          American Indian or Alaska Native 18 18 * 42 60 54
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 13 * * * *
          Asian 65 60 133 197 166 225
          Two or More Races 42 41 87 83 116 104
     Hispanic or Latino 349 411 801 870 973 1,067
EDUCATION
     < High School 708 759 1,096 1,109 1,439 1,502
     High School Graduate 881 874 1,740 1,729 2,182 2,163
     Some College 777 686 1,944 1,891 2,339 2,205
     College Graduate 182 167 697 734 772 808
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1,118 1,065 2,710 2,590 3,252 3,110
     Part-Time 643 635 1,351 1,451 1,687 1,763
     Unemployed 309 319 507 493 639 644
     Other1 478 466 909 927 1,156 1,162
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.29B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 8.2 7.8 17.7 17.2 21.7 21.0
GENDER
     Male 10.5 9.8 22.9 21.8 27.7 26.3
     Female 5.9 5.9 12.4 12.6 15.7 15.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8.6 8.0 18.3 17.6 22.6 21.5
          White 9.1 8.4 20.2 19.2 24.5 23.2
          Black or African American 7.5 6.8 11.2 10.5 15.8 14.6
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8.2 10.1 * 22.9 27.7 29.6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 8.4 * * * *
          Asian 4.7 4.2 9.7 13.7 12.1 15.6
          Two or More Races 10.3 11.2 21.5 22.9 28.7 28.8
     Hispanic or Latino 6.4 7.3 14.6 15.4 17.7 18.9
EDUCATION
     < High School 10.3 11.0 15.9 16.1 20.9 21.8
     High School Graduate 8.3 8.0 16.4 15.7 20.6 19.7
     Some College 7.9 6.9 19.9 19.1 23.9 22.3
     College Graduate 4.8 4.2 18.4 18.5 20.4 20.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 7.7 7.3 18.7 17.8 22.4 21.3
     Part-Time 8.1 7.8 17.1 17.7 21.3 21.5
     Unemployed 12.6 11.9 20.7 18.3 26.0 23.9
     Other1 7.7 7.4 14.7 14.8 18.7 18.5
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.30A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,192 3,062 11,169 10,872 13,064 12,694
GENDER
     Male 2,139 1,961 8,029 7,636 9,102 8,677
     Female 1,053 1,100 3,140 3,236 3,962 4,017
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,711 2,647 9,767 9,546 11,354 11,178
          White 1,939 2,075 7,978 7,840 9,154 9,134
          Black or African American 672a 428 1,364 1,179 1,697 1,434
          American Indian or Alaska Native 23 24 101 126 116 131
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 23 57 171 301 183 331
          Two or More Races 43 53 138 96 179 135
     Hispanic or Latino 481 414 1,403 1,326 1,710 1,516
EDUCATION
     < High School 931 817 2,022 2,066 2,501 2,514
     High School Graduate 972 1,000 3,613 3,379 4,209 3,971
     Some College 854 872 2,875 2,795 3,404 3,322
     College Graduate 434 373 2,659 2,630 2,950 2,888
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1,908 2,000 7,941 7,703 9,123 8,812
     Part-Time 367 278 943 999 1,202 1,192
     Unemployed 322 183 747 633 855 731
     Other1 594 602 1,539 1,537 1,884 1,960
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.30B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.8 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.3 7.0
GENDER
     Male 2.5 2.3 9.4 8.8 10.7 10.1
     Female 1.1 1.2 3.3 3.4 4.2 4.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.7 1.6 6.1 5.9 7.1 7.0
          White 1.5 1.6 6.1 6.0 7.0 7.0
          Black or African American 3.5a 2.2 7.1 6.1 8.9 7.4
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.2 2.7 9.4 14.1 10.8 14.6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 0.3 0.8 2.6 4.1 2.7 4.5
          Two or More Races 2.5 2.9 8.1 5.3 10.4 7.5
     Hispanic or Latino 2.4 2.1 7.1 6.6 8.7 7.5
EDUCATION
     < High School 3.1 2.6 6.7 6.7 8.2 8.1
     High School Graduate 1.7 1.8 6.3 6.0 7.3 7.1
     Some College 2.0 2.0 6.7 6.6 8.0 7.8
     College Graduate 0.9 0.7 5.4 5.1 6.0 5.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1.9 2.0 7.8 7.5 8.9 8.6
     Part-Time 1.9 1.4 4.8 4.9 6.2 5.8
     Unemployed 6.3 3.4 14.6 11.7 16.7 13.5
     Other1 1.1 1.1 2.9 2.9 3.6 3.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.31A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5,740 5,548 16,647 16,334 19,797 19,372
GENDER
     Male 3,773 3,519 11,579 11,105 13,402 12,869
     Female 1,967 2,028 5,067 5,229 6,395 6,503
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,910 4,722 14,443 14,138 17,114 16,790
          White 3,696 3,726 11,885 11,620 13,886 13,696
          Black or African American 976 720 1,820 1,630 2,340 2,057
          American Indian or Alaska Native 41 43 154 168 176 185
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 24 23 55 42 67 56
          Asian 88 117 304a 499 349a 556
          Two or More Races 85 93 225 179 295 239
     Hispanic or Latino 830 825 2,204 2,196 2,683 2,583
EDUCATION
     < High School 1,640 1,576 3,118 3,175 3,940 4,016
     High School Graduate 1,853 1,873 5,354 5,109 6,391 6,134
     Some College 1,631 1,559 4,819 4,686 5,743 5,527
     College Graduate 616 539 3,356 3,364 3,723 3,695
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 3,026 3,065 10,651 10,293 12,375 11,922
     Part-Time 1,010 913 2,294 2,451 2,889 2,954
     Unemployed 631 502 1,254 1,126 1,494 1,374
     Other1 1,073 1,067 2,448 2,464 3,040 3,122
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.31B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.7 2.6 7.9 7.7 9.4 9.1
GENDER
     Male 3.7 3.4 11.5 10.9 13.3 12.6
     Female 1.8 1.8 4.6 4.7 5.8 5.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.7 2.5 7.8 7.6 9.2 9.0
          White 2.5 2.5 7.9 7.7 9.3 9.1
          Black or African American 4.2a 3.0 7.8 6.9 10.1 8.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 3.2 4.0 11.9 15.6 13.6 17.1
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.3 5.6 7.6 10.1 9.2 13.6
          Asian 1.1 1.3 3.8 5.7 4.3 6.3
          Two or More Races 4.0 4.3 10.6 8.2 13.9 11.0
     Hispanic or Latino 3.3 3.2 8.8 8.5 10.7 10.0
EDUCATION
     < High School 4.4 4.2 8.4 8.4 10.6 10.6
     High School Graduate 2.7 2.8 7.9 7.6 9.4 9.1
     Some College 3.1 3.0 9.2 8.9 10.9 10.5
     College Graduate 1.2 1.0 6.4 6.1 7.1 6.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 2.6 2.6 9.1 8.8 10.6 10.2
     Part-Time 3.7 3.2 8.4 8.6 10.5 10.3
     Unemployed 8.3 6.2 16.5 13.9 19.7 17.0
     Other1 1.8 1.8 4.2 4.2 5.2 5.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.32A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 7,116 6,835 18,100 17,805 22,006 21,586
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1,423 1,334 3,163 3,149 3,930 3,884
          New England 439 465 941 1,018 1,176 1,281
          Middle Atlantic 983 869 2,222 2,131 2,754 2,603
     Midwest 1,502 1,415 4,689 4,646 5,451 5,447
          East North Central 1,100 997 3,354 3,145 3,907 3,683
          West North Central 402 417 1,335 1,502 1,543 1,764
     South 2,440 2,435 6,191 5,686 7,562 7,035
          South Atlantic 1,356 1,333 3,253 3,067 4,018 3,818
          East South Central 437 344 855 739 1,134 947
          West South Central 648 758 2,083 1,880 2,410 2,270
     West 1,751 1,651 4,057 4,323 5,064 5,220
          Mountain 501 527 1,498 1,412 1,716 1,660
          Pacific 1,250 1,124 2,558 2,911 3,347 3,560
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 3,981 3,689 9,729 9,325 11,920 11,416
     Small Metro 2,111 2,171 5,545 5,561 6,690 6,747
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,348 1,334 3,477 3,586 4,254 4,305
          < 250K Pop. 763 838 2,068 1,975 2,436 2,442
     Nonmetro 1,023 974 2,826 2,919 3,395 3,422
          Urbanized 409 517 1,129a 1,414 1,374a 1,668
          Less Urbanized 511 411 1,425 1,289 1,689 1,521
          Completely Rural 103 47 272 215 332 233
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.32B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3.0 2.9 7.7 7.5 9.4 9.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 3.2 2.9 7.0 7.0 8.7 8.6
          New England 3.7 3.9 8.0 8.6 10.0 10.8
          Middle Atlantic 3.0 2.6 6.7 6.4 8.3 7.8
     Midwest 2.8 2.6 8.8 8.6 10.2 10.1
          East North Central 2.9 2.6 9.0 8.3 10.4 9.8
          West North Central 2.5 2.6 8.3 9.3 9.6 11.0
     South 2.9 2.9 7.4 6.7 9.0 8.3
          South Atlantic 3.1 3.0 7.4 6.9 9.2 8.6
          East South Central 3.1 2.4 6.0 5.2 8.0 6.7
          West South Central 2.5 2.9 8.1 7.2 9.3 8.7
     West 3.3 3.1 7.7 8.0 9.6 9.7
          Mountain 3.3 3.4 9.8 9.0 11.2 10.6
          Pacific 3.3 2.9 6.8 7.6 8.9 9.3
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 3.2 2.9 7.7 7.4 9.5 9.1
     Small Metro 3.0 3.0 8.0 7.8 9.7 9.5
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.0 2.8 7.6 7.6 9.4 9.2
          < 250K Pop. 3.2 3.4 8.7 8.1 10.2 10.0
     Nonmetro 2.6 2.4 7.0 7.3 8.5 8.5
          Urbanized 2.5 2.9 7.0 7.9 8.6 9.3
          Less Urbanized 2.6 2.3 7.3 7.1 8.6 8.3
          Completely Rural 2.3 1.1 6.1 5.3 7.5 5.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.33A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,376 1,287 1,453 1,471 2,209 2,214
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 283b 206 258 266 423 383
          New England 89 66 77 85 131 117
          Middle Atlantic 194a 141 181 181 292 266
     Midwest 299 324 381 357 533 532
          East North Central 218 233 262 229 374 356
          West North Central 81 91 119 128 160 176
     South 482 438 498 451 756 723
          South Atlantic 295b 207 271 212 418a 333
          East South Central 57 64 63 58 103 96
          West South Central 131 167 164 181 234 294
     West 311 319 317a 397 496 576
          Mountain 97 114 119 136 172 190
          Pacific 214 204 198a 262 324 386
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 724 663 743 713 1,148 1,110
     Small Metro 417 394 409 453 648 667
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 280 249 271 280 428 422
          < 250K Pop. 137 145 138 172 220 245
     Nonmetro 235 230 301 305 413 437
          Urbanized 91 102 115 140 161 198
          Less Urbanized 117 109 143 135 198 200
          Completely Rural 27 18 43 30 53 38
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.33B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5.6 5.1 5.9 5.9 8.9 8.9
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 6.3b 4.6 5.8 5.9 9.5 8.5
          New England 7.7 5.6 6.6 7.2 11.4 10.0
          Middle Atlantic 5.9a 4.2 5.5 5.5 8.8 8.0
     Midwest 5.3 5.7 6.7 6.3 9.4 9.3
          East North Central 5.5 5.8 6.6 5.7 9.4 8.9
          West North Central 4.8 5.4 7.0 7.5 9.4 10.3
     South 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.0 8.6 8.1
          South Atlantic 6.7b 4.6 6.2a 4.7 9.5a 7.4
          East South Central 4.0 4.4 4.4 4.0 7.3 6.6
          West South Central 4.4 5.6 5.5 6.1 7.9 9.9
     West 5.3 5.4 5.4a 6.8 8.5 9.8
          Mountain 5.7 6.6 7.0 7.9 10.1 11.0
          Pacific 5.2 4.9 4.8a 6.3 7.9 9.3
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 5.5 5.0 5.6 5.4 8.7 8.3
     Small Metro 5.8 5.3 5.6 6.1 8.9 9.0
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.7 5.0 5.5 5.6 8.7 8.5
          < 250K Pop. 5.9 6.0 5.9 7.1 9.4 10.1
     Nonmetro 5.5 5.4 7.0 7.1 9.6 10.2
          Urbanized 5.3 5.5 6.7 7.5 9.3 10.7
          Less Urbanized 5.6 5.5 6.8 6.8 9.4 10.1
          Completely Rural 5.7 4.2 9.1 6.8 11.2 8.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.34A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,548 2,486 5,477 5,462 6,733 6,678
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 515 490 988 939 1,237 1,171
          New England 160 166 280 280 355 360
          Middle Atlantic 356 324 708 660 882 811
     Midwest 548 536 1,460 1,459 1,692 1,728
          East North Central 390 384 982 973 1,157 1,169
          West North Central 159 152 478 486 535 560
     South 884 787 1,870 1,790 2,330 2,162
          South Atlantic 455 411 911 910 1,151 1,116
          East South Central 152a 95 287 248 370 299
          West South Central 277 282 672 632 808 746
     West 600 673 1,160 1,273 1,475 1,617
          Mountain 195 198 437 392 518 488
          Pacific 406 475 722 882 958 1,129
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1,350 1,366 2,591 2,730 3,265 3,416
     Small Metro 841 771 1,980 1,891 2,382 2,247
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 489 513 1,208 1,184 1,439 1,429
          < 250K Pop. 352a 258 772 707 943 818
     Nonmetro 357 348 907 840 1,087 1,015
          Urbanized 160 196 443 468 523 555
          Less Urbanized 164 142 385 320 466 405
          Completely Rural 33a 11 79 53 98b 54
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.34B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 8.2 7.8 17.7 17.2 21.7 21.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 9.4 8.7 17.9 16.7 22.5 20.8
          New England 11.1 11.3 19.5 19.0 24.8 24.5
          Middle Atlantic 8.7 7.8 17.4 15.8 21.7 19.5
     Midwest 7.6 7.3 20.3 19.8 23.5 23.5
          East North Central 7.8 7.6 19.7 19.1 23.3 23.0
          West North Central 7.1 6.7 21.5 21.4 24.0 24.6
     South 8.0a 6.9 17.0 15.8 21.1a 19.1
          South Atlantic 8.4 7.4 16.9 16.3 21.3 20.0
          East South Central 8.0b 4.9 15.0 12.8 19.4 15.5
          West South Central 7.5 7.4 18.1 16.6 21.7 19.6
     West 8.2 9.1 15.9 17.2 20.2 21.8
          Mountain 8.9 8.9 20.0 17.5 23.7 21.8
          Pacific 7.9 9.2 14.1a 17.0 18.7 21.8
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 8.5 8.2 16.3 16.4 20.6 20.6
     Small Metro 8.3 7.6 19.5 18.5 23.4 22.0
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 7.6 7.7 18.7 17.8 22.3 21.5
          < 250K Pop. 9.5a 7.3 20.7 19.9 25.3 23.0
     Nonmetro 7.2 7.1 18.2 17.1 21.8 20.6
          Urbanized 7.1 8.3 19.7 19.8 23.3 23.5
          Less Urbanized 7.2 6.5 17.0 14.6 20.5 18.5
          Completely Rural 7.2a 2.9 17.0 14.5 21.1 14.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.35A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,192 3,062 11,169 10,872 13,064 12,694
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 624 638 1,918 1,944 2,270 2,330
          New England 190 233 584 654 689 804
          Middle Atlantic 434 404 1,333 1,291 1,581 1,526
     Midwest 654 554 2,848 2,830 3,225 3,186
          East North Central 492 381 2,110 1,942 2,377 2,158
          West North Central 162 174 738 888 849 1,029
     South 1,074 1,210 3,823 3,445 4,476 4,150
          South Atlantic 607 716 2,070 1,946 2,448 2,369
          East South Central 228 185 505 433 661 552
          West South Central 240 309 1,248 1,067 1,367 1,230
     West 840 660 2,580 2,652 3,093 3,027
          Mountain 209 215 942 885 1,027 983
          Pacific 631 445 1,639 1,767 2,066 2,044
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 1,907 1,660 6,395 5,882 7,507 6,890
     Small Metro 853 1,006 3,157 3,217 3,660 3,833
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 580 572 1,999 2,122 2,388 2,454
          < 250K Pop. 273 434 1,158 1,095 1,273 1,379
     Nonmetro 431 396 1,618 1,773 1,896 1,971
          Urbanized 158 218 571a 806 691 914
          Less Urbanized 230 160 897 834 1,024 915
          Completely Rural 43 18 150 133 181 141
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.35B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.8 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.3 7.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1.8 1.8 5.5 5.5 6.5 6.6
          New England 2.1 2.5 6.3 7.1 7.5 8.7
          Middle Atlantic 1.7 1.6 5.2 5.0 6.1 5.9
     Midwest 1.6 1.4 7.0 7.0 8.0 7.8
          East North Central 1.7 1.3 7.4 6.8 8.4 7.5
          West North Central 1.3 1.4 6.1 7.3 7.0 8.5
     South 1.7 1.9 6.0 5.3 7.0 6.4
          South Atlantic 1.8 2.1 6.1 5.7 7.2 6.9
          East South Central 2.1 1.7 4.7 4.0 6.1 5.1
          West South Central 1.2 1.6 6.5 5.5 7.1 6.4
     West 2.1 1.6 6.5 6.5 7.8 7.5
          Mountain 1.8 1.8 8.2 7.6 9.0 8.4
          Pacific 2.2 1.5 5.8 6.1 7.3 7.1
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.0 1.7 6.6 6.1 7.8 7.2
     Small Metro 1.6 1.9 6.1 6.0 7.1 7.1
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.7 1.6 5.9 6.0 7.0 7.0
          < 250K Pop. 1.5 2.3 6.5 5.9 7.2 7.5
     Nonmetro 1.4 1.3 5.3 5.7 6.2 6.4
          Urbanized 1.3 1.6 4.7 5.9 5.7 6.7
          Less Urbanized 1.5 1.1 5.9 5.9 6.7 6.5
          Completely Rural 1.2 0.5 4.3 4.0 5.2 4.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.36A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5,740 5,548 16,647 16,334 19,797 19,372
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1,140 1,127 2,906 2,883 3,506 3,501
          New England 350 399 864 933 1,044 1,164
          Middle Atlantic 789 728 2,042 1,950 2,462 2,337
     Midwest 1,203 1,090 4,308 4,289 4,917 4,915
          East North Central 882 764 3,092 2,915 3,534 3,326
          West North Central 321 326 1,216 1,374 1,384 1,589
     South 1,958 1,997 5,693 5,236 6,805 6,312
          South Atlantic 1,061 1,126 2,982 2,855 3,599 3,485
          East South Central 380 280 792 681 1,031 851
          West South Central 517 591 1,919 1,699 2,175 1,976
     West 1,440 1,333 3,740 3,926 4,568 4,644
          Mountain 403 413 1,379 1,277 1,545 1,471
          Pacific 1,036 920 2,361 2,649 3,023 3,174
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 3,257 3,026 8,985 8,613 10,772 10,306
     Small Metro 1,694 1,777 5,136 5,108 6,042 6,080
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,069 1,084 3,206 3,306 3,827 3,883
          < 250K Pop. 626 693 1,930 1,802 2,215 2,198
     Nonmetro 788 744 2,525 2,613 2,983 2,986
          Urbanized 318 414 1,014a 1,274 1,213 1,470
          Less Urbanized 395 302 1,282 1,154 1,490 1,321
          Completely Rural 76 28 229 185 279 195
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40428

Table  5.36B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug
or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2.7 2.6 7.9 7.7 9.4 9.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 2.8 2.8 7.2 7.1 8.6 8.6
          New England 3.3 3.7 8.1 8.7 9.8 10.9
          Middle Atlantic 2.6 2.4 6.8 6.5 8.2 7.8
     Midwest 2.5 2.3 9.0 8.9 10.3 10.2
          East North Central 2.6 2.3 9.2 8.7 10.6 9.9
          West North Central 2.2 2.3 8.5 9.5 9.7 11.0
     South 2.6 2.6 7.6 6.9 9.1 8.3
          South Atlantic 2.7 2.8 7.6 7.2 9.1 8.7
          East South Central 3.0 2.2 6.2 5.3 8.1 6.7
          West South Central 2.3 2.6 8.4 7.3 9.5 8.5
     West 3.1 2.8 7.9 8.2 9.7 9.7
          Mountain 3.0 3.0 10.1 9.2 11.4 10.6
          Pacific 3.1 2.7 7.1 7.8 9.0 9.3
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 2.9 2.7 8.0 7.6 9.6 9.1
     Small Metro 2.7 2.8 8.3 8.0 9.7 9.5
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.6 2.6 7.9 7.9 9.4 9.3
          < 250K Pop. 2.9 3.1 9.0 8.2 10.3 10.0
     Nonmetro 2.2 2.1 7.1 7.3 8.3 8.3
          Urbanized 2.2 2.6 7.1 8.0 8.5 9.2
          Less Urbanized 2.3 1.9 7.3 7.1 8.5 8.1
          Completely Rural 1.9 0.8 5.8 5.1 7.0 5.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.37A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Any Illicit Drug
Dependence/Abuse Status
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE/ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or Abuse Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 235,143 237,682 217,043 219,877 18,100 17,805 8,222 7,563 9,878 10,241
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 228,027 230,847 213,137 216,096 14,890 14,751 6,417 6,019 8,473 8,732
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 7,116 6,835 3,906 3,781 3,210 3,054 1,806 1,544 1,404 1,510
     Dependence 4,636 4,374 2,538 2,436 2,098 1,937 1,334a 1,066 764 871
     Abuse 2,480 2,461 1,368 1,345 1,112 1,116 471 478 641 639
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.37B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Any Illicit Drug
Dependence/Abuse Status
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE/ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or Abuse Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 92.3 92.5 7.7 7.5 3.5 3.2 4.2 4.3
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 97.0 97.1 90.6 90.9 6.3 6.2 2.7 2.5 3.6 3.7
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 3.0 2.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6
     Dependence 2.0 1.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6a 0.4 0.3 0.4
     Abuse 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.38A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,013 1,802 2,405 2,359 1,319 1,255 3,483 3,327
12 5 4 5 3 5 3 6 8
13 7 4 2 6 2 3 11 11
14 16 27 14 20 9 16 26 43
15 59 45 47 37 36 28 87 71
16 74 84 76 76 62 58 99 123
17 93 78 83 73 59 54 140 107
18 70 90 67 93 49 64 101 136
19 43a 87 57 65 23 41 97 123
20 64 68 52 60 31 36 93 109
21 73 72 72 86 39 53 121 115
22 58 47 59 77 42 39 77 92
23 40 57 55 70 27 41 75 102
24 34a 69 46a 85 22a 45 61b 122
25 35 54 45 62 23 33 61 94
26–29 201 153 237 220 130 119 335 314
30–34 214 120 236 232 158a 74 333 283
35–39 246 318 357 347 182 232 458 447
40–44 208 197 278 292 126 160 399 383
45–49 278b 81 339a 187 191b 58 445a 248
50–54 151 129 167 134 90 79 261 240
55–59 * 11 43 34 * 11 50 34
60–64 14 8 33 71 14 8 52 71
65 or Older 27 * 34 28 * * 93 53
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.38B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.4
12 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
13 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2
14 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.6 1.0
15 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 2.1 1.7
16 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.4 2.5 2.9
17 2.3 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.3 3.5 2.6
18 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.0 1.1 1.4 2.3 2.9
19 1.1a 2.2 1.4 1.7 0.6 1.1 2.4 3.2
20 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.5 0.8 0.9 2.3 2.7
21 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.2 1.0 1.3 3.0 2.9
22 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.9 1.1 1.0 2.0 2.3
23 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.8 0.7 1.0 2.0 2.5
24 1.0a 1.9 1.3a 2.3 0.6 1.2 1.7b 3.4
25 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.7 0.7 0.9 1.8 2.6
26–29 1.3 1.0 1.6 1.5 0.9 0.8 2.2 2.1
30–34 1.1 0.6 1.2 1.1 0.8a 0.4 1.7 1.4
35–39 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.7 0.8 1.1 2.1 2.1
40–44 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.8 1.7
45–49 1.3b 0.4 1.6a 0.9 0.9b 0.3 2.1a 1.2
50–54 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.2
55–59 * 0.1 0.3 0.2 * 0.1 0.3 0.2
60–64 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6
65 or Older 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 * * 0.3 0.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.39A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,013 1,802 2,405 2,359 1,319 1,255 3,483 3,327
AGE
     12–17 255 242 227 216 172 161 369 362
     18–25 418b 543 453b 598 256b 352 686b 891
     26 or Older 1,341 1,017 1,725 1,544 891 742 2,428 2,074
GENDER
     Male 1,262 1,188 1,743 1,647 951 842 2,334 2,266
     Female 751 615 661 711 367 414 1,149 1,061
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,757 1,607 2,169 1,962 1,161 1,117 3,114 2,803
          White 1,244 1,197 1,740 1,486 813 782 2,371 2,136
          Black or African American 421 318 346 369 288 263 595 471
          American Indian or Alaska Native 38 38 42 57 30 34 71 80
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3 * 2 5 2 * 4 10
          Asian 14 16 15 15 9 12 20 39
          Two or More Races 37 30 24 30 18 24 54 67
     Hispanic or Latino 256 196 236 396 158 138 369 525
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.39B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.4
AGE
     12–17 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 1.5 1.4
     18–25 1.3a 1.7 1.5b 1.9 0.8a 1.1 2.2b 2.8
     26 or Older 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.1
GENDER
     Male 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.4 0.8 0.7 2.1 2.0
     Female 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.3
          White 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.3
          Black or African American 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 2.2 1.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.6 3.0 2.8 4.5 2.0 2.7 4.8 6.4
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.4 * 0.3 1.1 0.3 * 0.5 2.1
          Asian 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
          Two or More Races 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.2 0.7 0.9 2.1 2.6
     Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.40A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 255 242 227 216 172 161 369 362
GENDER
     Male 142 147 117 134 85 99 218 215
     Female 112 95 109 82 87 62 151 147
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 207 217 196 185 143 144 306 288
          White 168 180 167 157 115 121 255 235
          Black or African American 15 19 10 14 9 11 20 30
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 6 * 5 * 4 * 8
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 1 3 1 3 1 2 1 4
          Two or More Races 7 6 4 3 4 3 10 7
     Hispanic or Latino 47 24 31 30 29 17 63 74
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 100 117 92 101 62 78 159 152
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 67 63 75 56 53 42 97 83
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 9 12 6 10 6 7 14 19
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 5 7 3 4 3 4 5 11
     Male, Hispanic 25 11 14 18 12 9 33 35
     Female, Hispanic 22 13 17 13 17 8 30 39
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.40B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 1.5 1.4
GENDER
     Male 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.7 1.7
     Female 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 1.2 1.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.4
          White 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.6 1.5
          Black or African American 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 3.4 * 2.9 * 2.5 * 4.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.4
          Two or More Races 1.7 1.4 1.0 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.5 1.8
     Hispanic or Latino 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 1.6 1.8
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.0 2.0 1.9
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.1
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.0
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6
     Male, Hispanic 1.2 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.4 1.7 1.7
     Female, Hispanic 1.2 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.4 1.5 1.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.41A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 418b 543 453b 598 256b 352 686b 891
GENDER
     Male 276a 374 325b 446 183a 263 476b 630
     Female 143 169 128 152 73 89 211 261
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 352a 452 402a 487 220a 294 596a 715
          White 269a 346 329 397 165a 227 480 567
          Black or African American 45a 84 42 68 30 55 63a 109
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11 4 9 9 * 4 15 15
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 10 6 7 4 7 3 10 8
          Two or More Races 17 6 16 7 15 5 28 10
     Hispanic or Latino 66 91 51b 111 36 58 90b 176
EDUCATION
     < High School 178 189 167 180 112 134 266 286
     High School Graduate 136b 236 158b 242 85b 148 232b 367
     Some College 99 107 120 146 58 64 174 201
     College Graduate 5 11 9a 31 1 6 14a 38
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 167a 239 207a 294 102b 168 307b 416
     Part-Time 91 92 105 127 59 65 151 170
     Unemployed 67 88 59 60 44 44 93 120
     Other2 92 125 83 117 51 76 136 185
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.41B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.3a 1.7 1.5b 1.9 0.8a 1.1 2.2b 2.8
GENDER
     Male 1.8a 2.4 2.1b 2.8 1.2a 1.7 3.1b 4.0
     Female 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.6 1.4 1.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.4a 1.7 1.6 1.9 0.9a 1.1 2.3a 2.7
          White 1.4a 1.8 1.7 2.0 0.9a 1.2 2.5 2.9
          Black or African American 1.1a 2.0 1.0 1.6 0.7 1.3 1.5a 2.6
          American Indian or Alaska Native 4.9 2.3 4.0 5.1 * 2.3 7.0 7.9
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.5
          Two or More Races 4.3 1.7 4.0 2.0 3.6 1.5 6.8 2.8
     Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.6 0.9b 2.0 0.7 1.0 1.6b 3.1
EDUCATION
     < High School 2.6 2.8 2.4 2.6 1.6 1.9 3.9 4.2
     High School Graduate 1.3b 2.1 1.5b 2.2 0.8a 1.3 2.2b 3.3
     Some College 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.5 0.6 0.6 1.8 2.0
     College Graduate 0.1 0.3 0.2a 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.4a 1.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 1.2a 1.6 1.4a 2.0 0.7b 1.2 2.1b 2.9
     Part-Time 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.9 2.1
     Unemployed 2.7 3.3 2.4 2.2 1.8 1.6 3.8 4.5
     Other2 1.5 2.0 1.3 1.9 0.8 1.2 2.2 2.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.42A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,341 1,017 1,725 1,544 891 742 2,428 2,074
GENDER
     Male 844 666 1,301 1,067 684 480 1,640 1,421
     Female 496 351 424 477 207 262 788 653
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,197 937 1,571 1,289 798 679 2,212 1,799
          White 808 670 1,245a 932 533 435 1,635 1,333
          Black or African American 360 215 294 287 249 197 513 332
          American Indian or Alaska Native 12 28 20 42 12 25 * 58
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 3 6 8 8 2 6 8 27
          Two or More Races 13 18 3 20 * 15 16 49
     Hispanic or Latino 144 80 154 255 93 63 216 275
EDUCATION
     < High School 439 283 443 398 309 216 693 570
     High School Graduate 492 384 583 549 344 267 785 688
     Some College 277 245 369 420 144 184 568 550
     College Graduate 131 105 330a 177 94 76 382 266
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 639 534 879 925 386 371 1,285 1,249
     Part-Time 140 91 181 170 82 67 271 212
     Unemployed 197 75 269a 98 189 53 281 126
     Other2 364 317 396 351 234 252 591 487
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.42B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.1
GENDER
     Male 1.0 0.8 1.5 1.2 0.8 0.6 1.9 1.6
     Female 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.1
          White 0.6 0.5 1.0a 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.3 1.0
          Black or African American 1.9 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.0 2.7 1.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.2 3.1 1.9 4.7 1.2 2.8 * 6.5
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
          Asian 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.4
          Two or More Races 0.7 1.0 0.2 1.1 * 0.8 0.9 2.7
     Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.4 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.3 1.1 1.4
EDUCATION
     < High School 1.4 0.9 1.5 1.3 1.0 0.7 2.3 1.8
     High School Graduate 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.2
     Some College 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.3 1.3
     College Graduate 0.3 0.2 0.7a 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.3 1.2
     Part-Time 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.0
     Unemployed 3.8 1.4 5.3a 1.8 3.7a 1.0 5.5a 2.3
     Other2 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.43A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1,759 1,560 2,178 2,143 1,147 1,094 3,115 2,965
GENDER
     Male 1,120 1,041 1,626 1,513 866 743 2,116 2,051
     Female 639 520 552 629 281 351 999 915
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,549 1,389 1,973 1,777 1,018 973 2,808 2,514
          White 1,077 1,016 1,573 1,329 698 662 2,115 1,901
          Black or African American 406 299 336 355 279 252 576 441
          American Indian or Alaska Native 23 32 29 51 17 30 54 73
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1 * 1 * 1 * 1 *
          Asian 13 13 14 12 9 9 18 34
          Two or More Races 30 25 20 27 15 21 44 59
     Hispanic or Latino 209 171 205 366 129 121 306 451
EDUCATION
     < High School 618 472 609 578 420 350 959 856
     High School Graduate 629 620 741 791 429 415 1,017 1,055
     Some College 376 352 489 566 203 248 743 751
     College Graduate 136 116 339 208 95 82 396 304
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 807 773 1,086 1,219 488 538 1,592 1,665
     Part-Time 231 183 286 297 141 131 422 382
     Unemployed 264 163 328a 159 233 96 374 246
     Other2 456 441 478 468 285 328 728 672
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40506

Table  5.43B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.4
GENDER
     Male 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.5 0.9 0.7 2.1 2.0
     Female 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.3
          White 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.3
          Black or African American 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 2.5 1.9
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.8 3.0 2.2 4.8 1.3 2.7 4.2 6.7
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.1 *
          Asian 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
          Two or More Races 1.4 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.7 1.0 2.1 2.7
     Hispanic or Latino 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.7
EDUCATION
     < High School 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.1 0.9 2.6 2.3
     High School Graduate 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.6
     Some College 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.4
     College Graduate 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.4
     Part-Time 0.8 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.3
     Unemployed 3.5 2.0 4.3a 2.0 3.1a 1.2 4.9 3.0
     Other2 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.44A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 2,013 1,802 2,405 2,359 1,319 1,255 3,483 3,327
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 485 343 484 396 290 234 742 554
          New England 160 76 208 111 126 42 269 164
          Middle Atlantic 325 267 276 285 164 192 473 390
     Midwest 475 415 704 633 377 305 883 852
          East North Central 329 273 473 426 251 204 618 567
          West North Central 146 142 231 208 127 101 265 285
     South 611 625 730 712 396 459 1,067 1,017
          South Atlantic 317 339 406 381 210 249 598 574
          East South Central 109 121 104 120 55 100 172 149
          West South Central 185 165 220 211 131 110 296 293
     West 443 420 487 617 255 258 793 905
          Mountain 108 138 174 194 72 81 267 286
          Pacific 336 282 312 423 184 177 526 619
COUNTY TYPE2
     Large Metro 1,115 992 1,240 1,224 717 667 1,834 1,776
     Small Metro 661 520 786 726 422 360 1,117 977
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 459 373 522 513 267 258 787 687
          < 250K Pop. 202 147 264 213 154 103 330 290
     Nonmetro 238 290 378 408 180 228 532 575
          Urbanized 95 141 177 204 79 106 227 259
          Less Urbanized 130 125 170 172 88 98 269 278
          Completely Rural 14 24 31 33 13 24 36 38
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.44B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.4
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1.1 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.2
          New England 1.4 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.1 0.4 2.3 1.4
          Middle Atlantic 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 1.4 1.2
     Midwest 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.7 0.6 1.7 1.6
          East North Central 0.9 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.7 0.5 1.7 1.5
          West North Central 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.6 1.7 1.8
     South 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.2
          South Atlantic 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.6 1.4 1.3
          East South Central 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.2 1.0
          West South Central 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.1 1.1
     West 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.7
          Mountain 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.8
          Pacific 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.6
COUNTY TYPE2
     Large Metro 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.4
     Small Metro 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.4
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.5
          < 250K Pop. 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.4 1.2
     Nonmetro 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.3 1.4
          Urbanized 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.4 1.5
          Less Urbanized 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.5
          Completely Rural 0.3 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.45A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 255 242 227 216 172 161 369 362
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 37 38 25 39 17 31 54 57
          New England 15b 3 10 4 4a 1 23a 10
          Middle Atlantic 21 35 14a 34 12a 30 30 47
     Midwest 82b 50 81a 54 62b 33 119a 82
          East North Central 54b 30 56b 27 43b 19 82b 45
          West North Central 29 20 24 27 19 14 37 37
     South 75 89 67 59 55 51 105 118
          South Atlantic 42 25 32 18 31 14 52 37
          East South Central 8a 20 12 11 7 11 17 24
          West South Central 26 45 23 30 17 26 36 57
     West 60 65 55 64 38 47 91 105
          Mountain 23 30 14 25 9a 24 34 37
          Pacific 38 36 40 39 29 23 57 69
COUNTY TYPE2
     Large Metro 111 112 107 94 76 77 169 168
     Small Metro 91 85 73 80 60 58 130 119
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 58 50 42 50 36 33 83 74
          < 250K Pop. 33 35 31 30 25 26 47 45
     Nonmetro 52 45 47 42 35 26 70 75
          Urbanized 19 26 18 21 15 15 23 37
          Less Urbanized 27 18 23 19 14 10 41 34
          Completely Rural 6 1 6 2 6 1 6 4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40429

Table  5.45B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Both Any Illicit Drug and Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol1
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 1.5 1.4
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.7 1.2 1.3
          New England 1.3b 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.4a 0.1 2.0a 0.9
          Middle Atlantic 0.6 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.9 1.4
     Midwest 1.4b 0.9 1.4a 0.9 1.1b 0.6 2.1a 1.4
          East North Central 1.3b 0.7 1.4b 0.7 1.1b 0.5 2.1b 1.1
          West North Central 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.1 0.8 2.2 2.2
     South 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.3
          South Atlantic 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.3 1.2 0.8
          East South Central 0.5a 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.6
          West South Central 0.9 1.5 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.9
     West 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.6 1.8
          Mountain 1.3 1.7 0.8 1.5 0.5a 1.4 2.0 2.1
          Pacific 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 1.4 1.7
COUNTY TYPE2
     Large Metro 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.3
     Small Metro 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.8 1.6
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.7 1.5
          < 250K Pop. 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.1 2.0 1.9
     Nonmetro 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.6 1.7
          Urbanized 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.3 2.0
          Less Urbanized 1.3 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.5 1.9 1.7
          Completely Rural 1.2 0.2 1.3 0.4 1.2 0.2 1.4 0.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, a rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for any illicit drug or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
2 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

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This page was last updated on June 03, 2008.