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2000 State Estimates of Substance Use & Mental Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Appendix C: State-by-State Model-Based Tables (All Substances)

20424

ALABAMA

Table C.1 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Alabama, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 196 36 69 92
     Past Month Marijuana Use 140 24 53 63
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1

96
19 32 45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 64 6 20 39
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,890 161 158 1,572
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 17 15 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,341 54 238 1,049
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 657 37 148 472
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,709 168 180 1,360
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,219 68 205 947
     Past Month Cigarette Use 967 59 171 738
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,456 228 293 1,935
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 47 7 19 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 68 14 28 26
     Alcohol Dependence 94 8 24 62
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 197 22 58 116
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 231 32 69 131

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ALABAMA

Table C.2 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Alabama, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.38 9.62 14.43 3.29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.84 6.40 11.18 2.27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.63 5.10 6.70 1.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.54 4.17 1.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 52.00 43.37 33.20 56.32
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.28 5.19 5.35 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.87 14.46 50.18 37.59
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.05 9.89 31.10 16.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.99 45.33 37.94 48.74
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.53 18.41 43.06 33.92
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.60 15.81 35.90 26.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.55 61.65 61.63 69.33
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.28 1.90 3.98 0.74
Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.86 3.77 5.90 0.92
     Alcohol Dependence 2.58 2.21 5.11 2.20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.39 6.02 12.25 4.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.33 8.49 14.40 4.68

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ALASKA

Table C.3 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Alaska, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 43 7 14 22
     Past Month Marijuana Use 31 5 12 13
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 15 2 5 8
     Past Year Cocaine Use 11 1 4 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 158 20 14 124
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 4 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 258 10 41 206
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 105 7 27 71
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
217 25 25 167
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 155 12 33 109
     Past Month Cigarette Use 123 10 31 82
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
319 38 43 238
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 6 1 2 3
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 13 3 5 5
     Alcohol Dependence 13 2 3 8
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 34 4 11 19
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 39 5 13 21

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ALASKA

Table C.4 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Alaska, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.80 10.67 19.90 6.26
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.35 8.65 17.35 3.76
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.16 3.88 6.49 2.37
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.20 1.62 5.17 1.71
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.40 31.80 19.96 34.99
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.32 7.29 6.48 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.87 16.57 58.13 58.22
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.49 10.86 38.35 20.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.48 39.61 35.31 47.16
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.79 19.77 47.35 30.80
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.26 16.37 43.83 23.13
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.52 61.07 61.10 67.18
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.31 2.26 3.22 0.76
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.59 4.25 7.23 1.38
     Alcohol Dependence 2.74 3.24 4.50 2.29
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.91 6.17 15.90 5.24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.85 7.89 17.56 5.90

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ARIZONA

Table C.5 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Arizona, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 233 47 69 116
     Past Month Marijuana Use 173 32 58 83
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 118 22 29 67
     Past Year Cocaine Use 81 14 30 37
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,724 157 159 1,409
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 45 29 13 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,769 73 278 1,418
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 786 49 179 558
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,760 187 198 1,375
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,093 63 220 809
     Past Month Cigarette Use 924 60 201 664
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,657 275 323 2,060
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 67 12 18 37
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 111 26 30 55
     Alcohol Dependence 101 11 23 67
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 230 24 59 147
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 287 35 76 176

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ARIZONA

Table C.6 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Arizona, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.10 11.03 13.60 4.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.53 7.48 11.40 2.89
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.10 5.17 5.76 2.32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.11 3.15 5.98 1.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.18 36.47 31.34 48.91
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.82 8.16 4.69 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.36 17.06 54.95 49.22
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.59 11.41 35.28 19.37
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.11 43.66 39.02 47.73
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.63 14.78 43.47 28.09
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.21 13.95 39.60 23.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.64 63.99 63.73 71.52
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.73 2.70 3.58 1.25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.87 5.98 5.87 1.88
     Alcohol Dependence 2.62 2.61 4.45 2.30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.95 5.54 11.44 5.04
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.43 8.14 14.74 6.03

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ARKANSAS

Table C.7 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Arkansas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 117 24 38 54
     Past Month Marijuana Use 84 16 28 40
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 55 13 17 26
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 3 10 19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,050 94 90 866
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 21 11 8 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 758 39 129 590
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 406 27 93 286
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,053 97 101 854
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 754 53 123 579
     Past Month Cigarette Use 611 42 104 466
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,384 136 166 1,082
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 26 5 8 13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 43 11 15 17
     Alcohol Dependence 48 5 14 29
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 105 13 32 59
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 130 20 40 69

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ARKANSAS

Table C.8 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Arkansas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.44 10.79 13.79 3.31
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.89 7.09 10.00 2.43
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.56 5.56 5.95 1.59
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.51 1.44 3.72 1.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.94 41.89 32.34 52.69
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.32 5.75 4.58 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 35.32 17.34 46.23 35.92
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.91 11.93 33.37 17.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
49.07 43.32 36.27 51.99
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.12 23.41 44.00 35.22
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.48 18.56 37.29 28.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.49 60.40 59.77 65.84
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.18 2.01 2.95 0.77
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.98 4.84 5.32 1.04
     Alcohol Dependence 2.21 2.02 5.17 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.84 5.95 11.52 3.58
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.98 8.97 14.35 4.19

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

CALIFORNIA

Table C.9 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in California, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 1,954 295 550 1,109
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,459 212 469 778
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 778 126 204 448
     Past Year Cocaine Use 443 57 162 224
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 10,586 1,005 1,141 8,440
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 246 135 93 17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 11,917 440 1,783 9,695
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 4,913 259 1,108 3,546
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
12,576 1,237 1,518 9,822
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 6,061 293 1,135 4,633
     Past Month Cigarette Use 5,458 250 1,035 4,172
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
18,677 1,878 2,533 14,265
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 410 87 111 211
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 621 146 177 298
     Alcohol Dependence 668 50 148 470
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,561 138 404 1,019
Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,895 221 509 1,166

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

CALIFORNIA

Table C.10 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in California, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.62 10.44 15.82 5.74
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.69 7.50 13.49 4.02
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.04 4.46 5.88 2.32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.73 2.00 4.67 1.16
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.30 35.52 32.84 43.67
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.46 5.57 4.50 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.49 15.56 51.28 50.15
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.16 9.15 31.87 18.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
49.06 43.74 43.66 50.81
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 23.64 10.36 32.64 23.97
     Past Month Cigarette Use 21.29 8.85 29.78 21.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.86 66.41 72.88 73.80
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.59 3.05 3.17 1.09
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.41 5.12 5.05 1.54
     Alcohol Dependence 2.59 1.74 4.21 2.43
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.07 4.84 11.50 5.26
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.36 7.74 14.48 6.02

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

COLORADO

Table C.11 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Colorado, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 300 46 106 147
     Past Month Marijuana Use 264 39 91 134
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 106 18 41 47
     Past Year Cocaine Use 83 9 39 35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,074 97 90 887
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 38 22 14 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,975 72 303 1,601
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 777 45 205 526
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,452 140 135 1,176
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,044 75 217 751
     Past Month Cigarette Use 854 61 196 597
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,278 212 274 1,792
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 54 10 20 24
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 82 19 28 36
     Alcohol Dependence 77 7 26 45
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 216 24 72 120
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 253 34 85 134

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

COLORADO

Table C.12 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Colorado, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.86 12.96 23.91 5.71
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.80 10.80 20.49 5.21
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.15 5.11 9.20 1.84
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.45 2.42 8.73 1.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.82 27.20 20.28 34.44
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.01 7.68 7.03 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.51 20.08 68.16 62.15
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.99 12.61 46.17 20.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.00 39.20 30.43 45.68
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.91 21.10 48.93 29.17
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.27 17.17 44.01 23.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.46 59.47 61.68 69.56
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.58 2.86 4.40 0.92
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.42 5.33 6.10 1.38
     Alcohol Dependence 2.27 1.95 5.66 1.72
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.34 6.79 15.93 4.62
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.42 9.38 18.90 5.15

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

CONNECTICUT

Table C.13 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Connecticut, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 196 32 59 105
     Past Month Marijuana Use 154 26 52 76
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 76 14 20 43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 41 4 14 23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,052 77 75 901
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 26 15 10 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,510 53 205 1,252
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 575 35 141 400
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
         Once or Twice a Week
1,194 104 107 982
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 727 51 139 537
     Past Month Cigarette Use 650 42 129 479
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,903 160 191 1,552
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 40 8 14 18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 58 15 20 22
     Alcohol Dependence 73 6 18 49
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 183 19 57 107
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 217 26 71 119

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

CONNECTICUT

Table C.14 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Connecticut, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.26 12.56 19.34 4.91
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.70 9.99 17.05 3.57
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.83 5.39 6.45 2.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.51 1.55 4.43 1.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.00 29.99 24.41 42.16
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.59 6.83 6.47 0.13
     ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.01 20.58 67.17 58.61
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.34 13.57 46.02 18.73
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.25 40.92 34.94 45.98
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.95 19.84 45.55 25.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.11 16.63 42.18 22.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
     Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.55 62.50 62.64 72.64
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.48 3.14 4.41 0.87
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.12 5.89 6.57 1.04
     Alcohol Dependence 2.70 2.40 5.80 2.30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.77 7.35 18.64 5.01
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.01 10.18 23.09 5.59

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

DELAWARE

Table C.15 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Delaware, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 53 9 18 26
     Past Month Marijuana Use 45 8 16 22
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 19 3 6 10
     Past Year Cocaine Use 16 1 5 10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 245 22 21 203
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 328 11 47 270
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 140 7 33 100
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
282 26 28 228
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 194 13 37 143
     Past Month Cigarette Use 169 10 34 125
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
427 39 48 340
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 2 3 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 14 3 5 7
     Alcohol Dependence 15 1 3 10
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 36 3 10 23
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 44 5 12 26

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

DELAWARE

Table C.16 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Delaware, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.45 14.25 22.98 5.38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.24 11.89 20.81 4.48
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.08 4.99 7.97 2.05
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.48 1.62 6.10 2.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.24 34.47 26.83 41.83
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.90 8.32 7.01 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.46 17.82 60.83 55.69
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.40 11.10 42.95 20.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.15 41.09 36.73 47.02
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.91 19.96 48.24 29.61
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.93 15.39 43.72 25.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
     Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.32 61.15 62.59 70.17
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.57 2.37 4.07 1.06
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.28 4.33 6.04 1.41
     Alcohol Dependence 2.33 2.10 3.77 2.13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.69 4.48 13.26 4.64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.89 7.89 15.59 5.37

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table C.17 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in District of Columbia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 30 4 10 16
     Past Month Marijuana Use 22 3 7 12
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 14 2 4 8
     Past Year Cocaine Use 9 0 2 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 189 16 16 157
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 4 2 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 191 5 31 154
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 80 3 18 59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
237 22 28 187
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 114 5 21 89
     Past Month Cigarette Use 105 4 18 82
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
297 28 41 228
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 6 1 2 3
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10 2 3 5
     Alcohol Dependence 12 1 3 9
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 25 2 9 15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 30 3 10 17

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table C.18 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in District of Columbia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.05 9.39 16.87 5.02
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.23 7.25 12.48 3.69
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.20 4.33 6.21 2.52
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.08 0.89 4.12 1.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.48 37.70 27.34 48.39
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.48 5.54 5.28 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 44.90 12.19 54.78 47.55
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.86 6.90 32.36 18.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
55.86 50.77 49.49 57.65
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.92 11.76 36.14 27.34
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.66 9.90 32.42 25.28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.94 64.49 72.31 70.26
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.45 1.86 3.68 0.99
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.46 4.00 5.73 1.65
     Alcohol Dependence 2.90 1.55 5.22 2.66
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.94 4.35 14.78 4.55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.11 6.68 16.61 5.44

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

FLORIDA

Table C.19 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Florida, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 745 105 207 433
     Past Month Marijuana Use 597 77 177 342
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 311 51 92 167
     Past Year Cocaine Use 213 18 72 123
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,993 501 478 5,014
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 105 59 38 7
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,799 168 736 4,895
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,334 99 467 1,769
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,321 548 577 5,196
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,654 162 542 2,950
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,144 132 472 2,540
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
8,800 792 905 7,103
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 148 24 51 74
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 226 51 82 94
     Alcohol Dependence 288 17 57 214
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 700 49 179 472
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 818 81 213 524

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

FLORIDA

Table C.20 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Florida, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.92 8.99 15.30 4.31
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.74 6.63 13.11 3.40
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.47 4.39 6.84 1.66
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.69 1.58 5.31 1.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 47.62 42.89 35.36 49.81
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.21 5.76 4.67 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.08 14.37 54.52 48.63
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.54 8.44 34.55 17.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
50.23 46.90 42.72 51.62
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.04 13.89 40.15 29.30
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.98 11.30 34.96 25.23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.92 67.77 67.02 70.56
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 2.01 3.69 0.73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.78 4.30 5.96 0.92
     Alcohol Dependence 2.27 1.40 4.16 2.11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.52 4.15 13.10 4.65
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.45 6.92 15.58 5.16

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

GEORGIA

Table C.21 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Georgia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 396 59 129 208
     Past Month Marijuana Use 281 40 102 139
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 174 31 57 86
     Past Year Cocaine Use 113 8 41 64
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,974 257 266 2,450
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 65 33 28 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,722 102 445 2,176
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,284 63 282 940
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,991 313 332 2,346
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,026 114 364 1,548
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,676 96 318 1,262
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
4,207 430 548 3,229
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 77 14 26 37
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 125 28 42 56
     Alcohol Dependence 159 9 35 115
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 319 27 98 194
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 394 46 115 233

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

GEORGIA

Table C.22 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Georgia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.28 8.82 15.09 4.35
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.45 5.89 12.01 2.91
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.75 4.61 6.63 1.80
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.79 1.20 4.80 1.33
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 47.24 38.18 31.24 51.35
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 5.61 5.47 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.23 15.08 52.12 45.60
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.39 9.31 33.06 19.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.51 46.42 38.91 49.18
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.17 16.88 42.69 32.45
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.60 14.19 37.29 26.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.81 63.85 64.22 67.68
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.20 2.05 3.00 0.76
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.96 4.08 4.84 1.16
     Alcohol Dependence 2.50 1.36 4.03 2.39
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.01 3.93 11.42 4.02
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.19 6.78 13.29 4.85

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

HAWAII

Table C.23 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Hawaii, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 75 11 22 42
     Past Month Marijuana Use 59 8 17 34
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 24 5 7 12
     Past Year Cocaine Use 18 2 4 12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 398 35 34 328
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 6 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 421 16 63 342
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 197 11 39 147
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
428 40 41 348
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 246 13 46 186
     Past Month Cigarette Use 218 11 46 161
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
645 59 75 511
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 3 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 18 4 7 7
     Alcohol Dependence 22 1 6 15
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 53 6 18 28
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 63 9 21 34

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

HAWAII

Table C.24 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Hawaii, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.67 11.34 18.77 5.53
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.07 8.72 14.35 4.48
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.44 4.90 5.74 1.64
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.81 1.61 3.72 1.54
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.92 37.08 29.41 43.15
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.65 7.63 5.50 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.28 16.83 54.25 44.93
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.22 11.27 33.76 19.29
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.06 41.57 35.30 45.70
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 25.30 13.93 40.06 24.49
     Past Month Cigarette Use 22.45 12.05 39.63 21.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.35 61.94 64.76 67.15
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.16 2.47 2.64 0.77
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.87 4.61 5.69 0.96
     Alcohol Dependence 2.30 1.44 5.58 1.92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.40 6.43 16.02 3.67
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.51 9.32 17.91 4.45

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

IDAHO

Table C.25 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Idaho, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 58 10 21 26
     Past Month Marijuana Use 44 8 18 18
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 25 5 8 11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 2 6 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 465 54 51 361
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 444 18 77 348
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 199 13 51 135
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
478 53 59 366
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 323 19 65 239
     Past Month Cigarette Use 255 16 59 180
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
725 85 101 539
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 14 3 6 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 21 6 8 6
     Alcohol Dependence 28 3 9 16
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 62 8 23 32
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 71 10 26 34

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

IDAHO

Table C.26 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Idaho, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.37 7.96 13.08 3.35
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.12 5.99 11.12 2.36
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.32 4.09 5.02 1.46
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.33 1.86 3.51 0.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.53 41.45 31.22 46.43
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.58 4.91 5.39 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 41.54 14.26 47.38 44.83
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.65 10.07 31.66 17.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.73 40.98 36.30 47.10
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.22 14.50 40.21 30.75
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.87 12.64 36.28 23.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.81 66.04 61.98 69.32
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.28 2.30 3.80 0.60
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.90 4.83 5.02 0.78
     Alcohol Dependence 2.60 2.18 5.47 2.07
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.74 5.79 14.08 4.01
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.51 8.08 15.74 4.35

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ILLINOIS

Table C.27 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Illinois, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 612 105 213 294
     Past Month Marijuana Use 465 81 185 199
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 250 40 62 148
     Past Year Cocaine Use 147 13 54 81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,195 383 382 3,431
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 99 53 40 6
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,938 180 789 3,969
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,238 113 546 1,579
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
4,309 425 463 3,420
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,043 178 614 2,250
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,609 155 557 1,898
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,537 617 792 5,128
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 115 23 44 48
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 176 38 69 70
     Alcohol Dependence 243 14 80 149
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 610 50 185 375
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 665 70 216 379

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

ILLINOIS

Table C.28 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Illinois, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.27 10.52 16.41 3.94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.77 8.13 14.25 2.67
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.57 4.00 4.81 1.98
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.51 1.28 4.13 1.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.04 38.32 29.48 46.03
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.56 6.17 5.61 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.66 18.05 60.88 53.25
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.96 11.31 42.15 21.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.20 42.57 35.76 45.89
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.21 17.84 47.38 30.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.77 15.54 42.94 25.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.06 61.83 61.08 68.80
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 2.27 3.39 0.64
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.81 3.77 5.30 0.93
     Alcohol Dependence 2.48 1.45 6.10 1.99
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.24 4.96 14.20 5.02
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.80 6.99 16.52 5.08

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

INDIANA

Table C.29 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Indiana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 293 48 104 141
     Past Month Marijuana Use 219 38 81 100
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 130 25 44 61
     Past Year Cocaine Use 71 8 30 32
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,256 213 188 1,854
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 26 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,957 69 361 1,526
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 915 47 237 631
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,137 214 232 1,691
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,617 98 319 1,200
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,343 83 273 986
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,191 314 388 2,489
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 58 10 27 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 86 20 38 28
     Alcohol Dependence 116 9 32 75
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 257 29 86 142
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 304 41 106 157

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

INDIANA

Table C.30 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Indiana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.93 9.40 15.76 3.75
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.43 7.48 12.26 2.65
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.62 4.83 6.65 1.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.43 1.64 4.61 0.85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.77 41.69 28.50 49.34
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.44 5.88 5.27 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 39.69 13.54 54.63 40.62
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.55 9.26 35.89 16.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.35 41.87 35.11 44.99
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.78 19.14 48.27 31.93
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.22 16.28 41.31 26.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.72 61.32 58.76 66.22
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 1.97 4.09 0.55
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.74 3.85 5.76 0.75
     Alcohol Dependence 2.33 1.79 4.78 1.98
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.18 5.56 13.00 3.76
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.15 7.98 15.99 4.17

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

IOWA

Table C.31 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Iowa, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 102 17 39 45
     Past Month Marijuana Use 67 12 30 24
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 52 10 16 26
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 4 13 15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,074 111 101 862
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 26 14 10 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,230 48 222 960
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 568 31 156 381
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
900 95 84 721
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 758 47 162 549
     Past Month Cigarette Use 615 42 136 437
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,501 152 181 1,168
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 23 5 9 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 33 9 12 11
     Alcohol Dependence 55 6 18 32
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 137 15 46 77
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 144 19 54 72

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

IOWA

Table C.32 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Iowa, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.28 6.92 12.45 2.50
     Past Month Marijuana Use 2.79 4.94 9.43 1.34
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.17 4.08 4.92 1.43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.33 1.44 4.07 0.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.04 44.18 31.93 47.44
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 6.17 5.24 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.60 19.31 70.01 52.82
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.82 12.38 49.27 20.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.73 38.06 26.50 39.64
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.78 18.77 51.04 30.22
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.77 16.89 42.87 24.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
62.91 60.68 57.06 64.24
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 0.97 2.14 2.89 0.48
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.37 3.81 3.79 0.62
     Alcohol Dependence 2.30 2.24 5.55 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.74 5.92 14.27 4.22
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.04 7.58 16.85 3.93

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

KANSAS

Table C.33 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Kansas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 110 22 41 47
     Past Month Marijuana Use 79 16 35 28
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 54 9 15 29
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 3 13 16
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 930 90 79 761
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 25 13 11 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,019 39 173 807
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 436 24 118 294
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
905 96 101 708
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 647 41 139 467
     Past Month Cigarette Use 519 33 115 371
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,358 136 160 1,063
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 25 5 9 10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 40 9 14 16
     Alcohol Dependence 50 4 13 33
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 122 13 35 74
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 145 17 43 85

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

KANSAS

Table C.34 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Kansas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.12 9.20 14.22 2.90
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.68 6.82 12.00 1.74
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.52 3.84 5.34 1.82
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.48 1.22 4.41 0.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.36 37.46 27.24 47.09
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.68 6.17 6.54 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.48 16.15 59.84 49.92
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.30 9.99 40.90 18.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.19 39.82 34.91 43.84
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.12 16.92 48.03 28.90
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.16 13.66 39.62 22.97
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
63.31 56.26 55.39 65.77
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.14 2.09 3.17 0.64
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.83 3.87 4.90 0.99
     Alcohol Dependence 2.31 1.60 4.42 2.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.65 5.29 12.10 4.55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.71 7.18 14.64 5.22

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

KENTUCKY

Table C.35 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Kentucky, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 192 33 70 89
     Past Month Marijuana Use 138 22 55 61
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 95 17 29 50
     Past Year Cocaine Use 54 5 22 28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,651 136 132 1,383
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 37 19 16 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,128 48 230 849
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 632 34 169 429
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,642 149 151 1,342
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,239 86 239 914
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,065 74 204 787
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,992 187 235 1,570
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 41 7 16 18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 67 14 27 27
     Alcohol Dependence 74 8 18 48
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 168 20 54 94
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 207 28 69 110

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

KENTUCKY

Table C.36 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Kentucky, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.87 10.05 16.19 3.54
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.21 6.79 12.71 2.41
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.91 5.05 6.71 1.97
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.66 1.45 4.99 1.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 50.42 41.30 30.32 55.07
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 6.74 6.46 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 34.41 14.65 52.98 33.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.28 10.37 38.85 17.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
50.14 45.18 34.70 53.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 37.82 26.03 55.11 36.39
     Past Month Cigarette Use 32.49 22.42 47.01 31.32
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
60.80 56.60 54.02 62.52
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.26 2.21 3.73 0.71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.04 4.26 6.10 1.05
     Alcohol Dependence 2.26 2.54 4.21 1.89
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.12 6.04 12.44 3.74
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.28 8.40 15.95 4.34

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

LOUISIANA

Table C.37 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Louisiana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 216 43 78 96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 133 25 58 50
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 107 25 35 47
     Past Year Cocaine Use 61 5 21 35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,840 176 166 1,498
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 36 20 13 2
ALCOHOL
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,558 82 299 1,177
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 828 48 204 576
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,703 188 200 1,315
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,138 72 227 839
     Past Month Cigarette Use 981 63 207 712
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,288 259 327 1,702
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 53 10 20 22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 77 18 31 28
     Alcohol Dependence 103 9 25 69
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 216 21 64 131
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 267 32 81 153

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

LOUISIANA

Table C.38 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Louisiana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.09 10.18 15.04 3.67
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.74 6.07 11.19 1.89
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.01 5.95 6.78 1.80
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.71 1.17 4.05 1.34
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 51.80 41.89 32.14 57.27
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.39 5.51 4.26 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.88 19.44 57.94 44.99
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.32 11.33 39.57 22.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.94 44.84 38.68 50.26
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.04 17.08 43.92 32.08
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.63 14.92 40.05 27.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.41 61.65 63.38 65.05
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.48 2.50 3.83 0.85
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.16 4.27 6.03 1.05
     Alcohol Dependence 2.90 2.08 4.90 2.64
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.07 5.14 12.26 4.99
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.50 7.76 15.62 5.83

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MAINE

Table C.39 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Maine, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 72 12 28 32
     Past Month Marijuana Use 62 10 25 28
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 28 5 10 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 2 5 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 399 35 26 338
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 4 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 521 20 79 422
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 223 12 52 158
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
453 39 36 378
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 313 19 58 235
     Past Month Cigarette Use 278 17 54 207
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
727 66 75 586
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 12 3 4 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 20 5 7 8
     Alcohol Dependence 22 4 6 13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 52 9 18 25
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 64 11 21 32

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MAINE

Table C.40 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Maine, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.88 11.69 22.77 3.95
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.95 9.25 20.31 3.42
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.67 5.29 8.20 1.54
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.31 1.92 4.06 0.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.20 33.87 21.13 41.24
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.74 7.12 8.07 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.90 19.42 64.98 51.49
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.29 12.02 43.11 19.25
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.35 37.91 29.64 46.04
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.92 18.17 48.14 28.71
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.64 16.72 44.67 25.23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.64 64.21 61.83 71.46
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.15 2.77 3.70 0.57
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.91 5.12 5.88 0.92
     Alcohol Dependence 2.14 4.02 4.72 1.53
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.95 8.50 14.57 3.09
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.09 10.63 17.55 3.83

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MARYLAND

Table C.41 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Maryland, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 242 44 77 121
     Past Month Marijuana Use 190 35 67 89
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 101 17 26 58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 55 6 19 30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,713 153 144 1,415
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 21 18 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,097 66 292 1,739
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 738 37 165 537
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,069 189 207 1,674
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,161 68 197 896
     Past Month Cigarette Use 998 59 177 762
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,918 264 323 2,332
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 60 12 19 30
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 92 20 32 40
     Alcohol Dependence 87 8 22 56
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 224 21 71 133
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 278 36 85 156

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MARYLAND

Table C.42 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Maryland, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.69 10.44 15.37 3.63
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.46 8.25 13.23 2.66
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.38 4.02 5.15 1.75
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.29 1.35 3.80 0.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.20 36.67 28.57 42.40
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.52 5.92 6.14 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.23 15.70 58.01 52.11
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.33 8.76 32.69 16.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
48.57 45.08 41.01 50.15
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.25 16.32 39.11 26.83
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.42 14.04 35.06 22.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.49 63.04 63.98 69.86
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.41 2.85 3.71 0.88
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.14 4.80 6.24 1.19
     Alcohol Dependence 2.03 2.02 4.28 1.68
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.23 4.93 13.83 3.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.48 8.51 16.70 4.67

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MASSACHUSETTS

Table C.43 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Massachusetts, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 581 73 155 353
     Past Month Marijuana Use 463 62 150 252
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 175 23 41 110
     Past Year Cocaine Use 105 8 39 58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,799 146 110 1,544
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 60 36 20 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,079 110 432 2,537
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,305 70 315 921
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,036 176 168 1,693
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,415 86 283 1,046
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,241 77 249 914
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,700 324 397 2,979
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 90 16 28 46
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 125 30 39 56
     Alcohol Dependence 125 11 30 84
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 366 37 113 215
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 424 49 131 244

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MASSACHUSETTS

Table C.44 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Massachusetts, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 11.35 14.58 25.76 8.82
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.03 12.35 24.81 6.28
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.42 4.67 6.87 2.76
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.06 1.63 6.44 1.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.27 29.17 18.22 38.55
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.03 8.75 7.55 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.33 21.94 71.74 63.35
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.54 14.01 52.18 23.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.91 35.25 27.84 42.27
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.70 17.25 47.01 26.12
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.29 15.49 41.33 22.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.49 64.82 65.93 74.40
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.75 3.20 4.53 1.15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.43 6.00 6.33 1.41
     Alcohol Dependence 2.44 2.20 4.88 2.10
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.12 7.38 18.52 5.38
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.26 9.80 21.44 6.09

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MICHIGAN

Table C.45 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Michigan, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 545 88 191 266
     Past Month Marijuana Use 448 66 171 211
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 213 39 63 111
     Past Year Cocaine Use 122 11 48 63
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,271 306 270 2,695
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 92 51 36 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,714 139 635 2,941
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,690 90 426 1,173
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,470 331 358 2,781
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,511 145 504 1,862
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,142 132 445 1,564
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,268 519 607 4,142
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 87 20 37 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 148 37 60 50
     Alcohol Dependence 171 16 49 106
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 441 45 145 250
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 526 67 175 284

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MICHIGAN

Table C.46 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Michigan, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.89 10.60 18.53 4.41
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.66 7.94 16.61 3.49
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.69 4.68 6.11 1.83
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.54 1.27 4.68 1.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.38 36.79 26.21 44.59
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.83 7.10 6.90 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.99 16.70 61.71 48.65
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.37 10.85 41.43 19.41
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.89 39.74 34.79 46.01
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.76 17.40 48.98 30.81
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.09 15.88 43.29 25.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.64 62.33 59.02 68.52
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.10 2.42 3.54 0.51
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.86 4.46 5.83 0.83
     Alcohol Dependence 2.16 1.97 4.71 1.76
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.56 5.43 14.08 4.13
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.64 7.99 16.97 4.69

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MINNESOTA

Table C.47 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Minnesota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 236 48 89 99
     Past Month Marijuana Use 187 39 80 68
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 99 17 30 51
     Past Year Cocaine Use 65 9 26 30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,561 158 137 1,266
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 48 24 22 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,115 82 373 1,660
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 912 54 266 592
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,617 165 170 1,282
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,285 91 280 914
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,064 84 256 724
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,546 257 305 1,983
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 46 10 16 19
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 71 20 20 31
     Alcohol Dependence 96 7 31 58
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 219 24 80 115
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 253 33 87 133

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MINNESOTA

Table C.48 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Minnesota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.97 11.03 16.74 3.34
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.73 9.13 15.08 2.27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.51 4.03 5.65 1.73
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.64 2.02 4.88 1.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.71 36.54 25.89 42.60
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.91 6.42 7.63 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.76 18.88 70.30 55.86
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.15 12.42 50.16 19.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.11 38.20 32.10 43.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.64 21.11 52.73 30.75
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.02 19.34 48.36 24.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.72 59.58 57.53 66.73
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.15 2.40 3.05 0.63
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.79 4.61 3.78 1.04
     Alcohol Dependence 2.43 1.69 5.72 1.96
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.52 5.48 14.87 3.86
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.37 7.59 16.13 4.46

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MISSISSIPPI

Table C.49 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Mississippi, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 118 22 46 50
     Past Month Marijuana Use 72 14 34 23
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 56 10 20 26
     Past Year Cocaine Use 34 3 12 19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,236 119 123 995
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 25 12 11 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 675 35 140 499
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 379 22 89 268
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,168 126 145 897
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 759 51 136 573
     Past Month Cigarette Use 607 38 109 459
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,531 165 207 1,159
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 30 5 12 13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 45 8 19 17
     Alcohol Dependence 71 4 16 50
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 125 12 34 79
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 157 18 45 95

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MISSISSIPPI

Table C.50 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Mississippi, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.21 8.48 14.22 2.98
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.16 5.28 10.67 1.40
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.48 3.98 6.06 1.56
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.49 1.06 3.84 1.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 54.70 45.66 37.99 59.29
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.49 5.26 5.32 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 29.83 13.50 43.48 29.75
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 16.76 8.44 27.72 15.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
51.66 48.54 44.80 53.45
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.57 19.64 41.99 34.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.83 14.79 33.65 27.39
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.76 63.58 64.04 69.11
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.32 1.80 3.75 0.78
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.95 3.26 6.02 0.98
     Alcohol Dependence 3.11 1.69 4.99 2.97
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.52 4.63 10.50 4.71
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.92 6.89 13.81 5.62

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MISSOURI

Table C.51 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Missouri, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 239 39 92 108
     Past Month Marijuana Use 196 31 80 85
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 98 17 26 55
     Past Year Cocaine Use 59 6 23 30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,070 195 159 1,715
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 46 25 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,024 76 347 1,600
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 911 50 231 630
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,958 193 182 1,583
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,604 92 307 1,205
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,317 72 269 976
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,974 291 345 2,338
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 50 11 18 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 77 18 29 30
     Alcohol Dependence 98 8 30 59
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 237 28 85 124
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 286 39 95 152

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MISSOURI

Table C.52 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Missouri, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.27 8.23 15.53 3.13
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.33 6.55 13.62 2.45
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.16 3.54 4.35 1.60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.30 1.27 3.84 0.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.87 41.06 26.96 49.73
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.51 5.85 5.91 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 44.81 16.06 58.94 46.37
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.15 10.45 39.10 18.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.38 40.58 30.89 45.88
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.50 19.38 51.99 34.92
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.15 15.09 45.62 28.29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.87 61.05 58.54 67.78
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.11 2.31 3.02 0.62
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.70 3.83 4.84 0.87
     Alcohol Dependence 2.16 1.77 5.11 1.71
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.22 5.90 14.25 3.59
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.29 8.17 16.02 4.38

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MONTANA

Table C.53 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Montana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 49 11 17 20
     Past Month Marijuana Use 38 8 15 15
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 19 5 6 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 12 2 5 5
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 303 28 24 250
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 5 3 0
ALCOHOL
     Past Month Alcohol Use 425 19 64 343
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 182 12 46 124
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
300 31 29 241
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 254 18 49 187
     Past Month Cigarette Use 185 15 41 129
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
526 53 61 412
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 8 2 3 3
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 5 5 5
     Alcohol Dependence 18 2 7 10
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 54 9 18 27
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 59 9 20 30

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

MONTANA

Table C.54 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Montana, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.32 13.42 17.08 3.48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.89 9.26 15.05 2.55
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.52 6.19 5.57 1.47
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.54 2.28 4.95 0.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.34 33.37 24.65 42.68
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 7.33 6.58 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.32 22.00 64.31 58.61
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.64 14.48 46.20 21.16
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.06 36.21 29.30 41.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.02 21.63 49.56 31.87
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.07 17.47 41.39 22.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.32 61.92 61.31 70.42
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.09 2.42 3.12 0.56
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.02 6.14 5.15 0.90
     Alcohol Dependence 2.36 2.32 6.53 1.66
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.96 10.16 18.21 4.61
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.61 10.62 20.15 5.07

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEBRASKA

Table C.55 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Nebraska, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 61 12 24 25
     Past Month Marijuana Use 47 10 22 16
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 30 6 9 15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 20 2 8 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 595 62 51 481
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 8 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 718 29 134 555
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 326 20 91 215
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
554 61 50 442
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 415 23 93 299
     Past Month Cigarette Use 317 21 81 215
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
871 90 105 675
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 16 3 7 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 24 6 9 8
     Alcohol Dependence 34 4 10 21
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 95 11 30 54
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 104 13 36 55

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEBRASKA

Table C.56 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Nebraska, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.47 7.66 12.83 2.48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.45 6.17 11.54 1.57
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.20 3.85 4.68 1.50
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.43 1.46 4.42 0.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.40 40.26 27.33 46.79
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.51 5.71 5.48 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.44 19.03 71.32 53.95
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.80 12.83 48.79 20.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.40 39.56 26.93 42.98
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.30 15.05 49.61 29.04
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.14 13.91 43.01 20.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
63.56 58.19 56.18 65.69
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 2.21 3.44 0.61
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.70 4.22 4.86 0.76
     Alcohol Dependence 2.50 2.33 5.40 2.00
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.85 6.85 15.66 5.27
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.51 8.55 18.77 5.33

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEVADA

Table C.57 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Nevada, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 114 17 30 66
     Past Month Marijuana Use 81 14 25 42
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 49 8 12 29
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 3 10 20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 588 48 50 490
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 9 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 798 26 103 669
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 357 18 69 270
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
668 61 70 537
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 512 27 81 405
     Past Month Cigarette Use 441 24 74 343
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,018 85 115 818
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 21 4 6 10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 35 8 11 15
     Alcohol Dependence 34 3 10 21
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 89 8 26 55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 106 13 31 61

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEVADA

Table C.58 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Nevada, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.49 11.80 16.95 5.55
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.31 9.54 13.73 3.54
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.21 5.38 6.53 2.45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.14 2.10 5.53 1.64
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.77 33.06 28.14 41.05
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.66 7.63 5.47 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.62 17.89 57.53 56.10
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.55 12.25 38.55 22.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.02 42.14 39.02 45.00
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.78 18.55 45.07 33.94
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.07 16.42 41.27 28.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.14 58.86 64.38 68.56
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.34 2.78 3.48 0.85
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.25 5.45 6.18 1.26
     Alcohol Dependence 2.18 1.91 5.29 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.76 5.71 13.93 4.53
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.84 9.11 16.98 5.04

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table C.59 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Hampshire, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 66 13 23 29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 60 11 22 26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 27 6 9 12
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 2 6 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 334 31 22 281
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 7 4 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 573 22 80 471
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 207 13 53 142
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
413 40 32 341
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 292 19 54 220
     Past Month Cigarette Use 255 16 50 188
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
673 64 73 537
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 13 3 5 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 22 7 8 7
     Alcohol Dependence 24 2 7 15
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 64 8 20 36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 71 10 22 39

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table C.60 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Hampshire, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.55 12.68 19.76 3.73
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.96 10.73 18.74 3.39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.67 5.58 7.30 1.58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.40 1.82 4.99 0.80
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.36 29.48 18.57 36.12
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.92 7.52 7.49 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.23 21.15 67.38 60.50
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.68 12.25 44.41 18.20
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.24 37.91 27.33 43.79
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.20 17.88 45.42 28.25
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.43 15.76 42.35 24.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.30 61.17 61.54 68.99
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.25 3.00 4.17 0.56
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.21 6.98 6.48 0.91
     Alcohol Dependence 2.36 1.95 5.72 1.89
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.33 7.55 16.81 4.55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.06 9.50 18.14 5.03

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW JERSEY

Table C.61 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Jersey, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 410 59 140 212
     Past Month Marijuana Use 310 43 116 151
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 168 28 43 97
     Past Year Cocaine Use 98 8 37 54
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,941 226 220 2,495
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 64 31 29 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,446 111 460 2,876
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,397 66 293 1,038
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,037 260 290 2,486
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,753 92 338 1,323
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,565 79 309 1,177
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
4,799 399 502 3,898
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 73 13 29 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 119 27 45 47
     Alcohol Dependence 140 7 24 109
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 326 29 79 218
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 380 41 101 237

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW JERSEY

Table C.62 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Jersey, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.13 9.40 17.92 4.00
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.63 6.81 14.88 2.86
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.50 4.50 5.50 1.83
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.47 1.27 4.71 1.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.93 36.16 28.19 47.17
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.39 5.50 6.45 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.47 17.69 58.95 54.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.87 10.60 37.62 19.61
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.36 41.69 37.19 47.00
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.18 14.70 43.38 25.00
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.37 12.58 39.67 22.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.69 63.95 64.35 73.69
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.09 2.06 3.71 0.59
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.78 4.22 5.81 0.89
     Alcohol Dependence 2.08 1.10 3.01 2.06
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.86 4.65 10.11 4.11
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.65 6.52 12.96 4.47

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW MEXICO

Table C.63 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Mexico, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 105 21 34 51
     Past Month Marijuana Use 88 17 32 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 42 8 12 21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 41 6 15 20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 590 54 62 475
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 18 11 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 751 32 121 598
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 348 21 85 242
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
715 70 82 563
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 441 32 97 312
     Past Month Cigarette Use 373 27 86 259
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,006 103 132 771
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 19 5 5 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 32 9 11 11
     Alcohol Dependence 43 7 11 25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 97 14 33 50
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 118 18 39 60

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW MEXICO

Table C.64 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New Mexico, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.13 11.83 16.12 4.67
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.93 9.52 15.15 3.60
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.83 4.83 5.81 1.94
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.77 3.19 7.33 1.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.99 30.92 29.56 43.42
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.99 7.66 5.99 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.92 18.60 58.00 54.71
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.54 12.00 40.69 22.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
48.46 40.47 39.12 51.51
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.88 18.50 46.59 28.51
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.26 15.80 41.19 23.73
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.17 59.31 63.21 70.53
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.25 2.82 2.48 0.77
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.12 5.33 5.24 1.02
     Alcohol Dependence 2.86 3.85 5.07 2.28
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.51 8.29 15.46 4.52
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.92 10.59 18.61 5.46

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW YORK

Table C.65 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New York, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 855 129 310 417
     Past Month Marijuana Use 665 100 287 278
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 361 53 94 214
     Past Year Cocaine Use 221 20 74 126
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,898 525 491 5,882
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 144 73 62 9
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 7,314 252 1,097 5,965
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,990 147 713 2,130
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,954 632 696 5,625
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,956 200 717 3,040
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,603 180 655 2,768
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
10,464 909 1,208 8,347
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 195 30 77 88
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 307 57 126 124
     Alcohol Dependence 300 24 74 202
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 704 64 230 410
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 895 94 289 511

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NEW YORK

Table C.66 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in New York, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.79 8.77 17.07 3.63
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.50 6.83 15.79 2.42
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.44 3.58 5.17 1.87
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.49 1.38 4.10 1.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 46.69 35.78 27.06 51.19
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.43 5.64 5.93 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.51 17.18 60.39 51.92
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.24 10.01 39.28 18.54
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.07 43.11 38.33 48.96
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.78 13.60 39.49 26.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.39 12.25 36.08 24.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.83 61.98 66.53 72.64
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.32 2.05 4.23 0.76
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.07 3.87 6.89 1.08
     Alcohol Dependence 2.03 1.64 4.05 1.76
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.76 4.33 12.60 3.57
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.06 6.40 15.85 4.45

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NORTH CAROLINA

Table C.67 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in North Carolina, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 422 62 130 230
     Past Month Marijuana Use 347 42 111 195
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 164 33 47 85
     Past Year Cocaine Use 100 9 32 59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,779 250 204 2,326
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 65 38 23 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,336 83 407 1,846
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,064 54 255 754
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,964 304 293 2,366
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,083 127 382 1,573
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,775 111 339 1,324
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,851 361 439 3,052
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 67 11 23 32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 114 23 45 47
     Alcohol Dependence 145 10 40 95
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 285 25 90 170
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 327 38 101 188

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NORTH CAROLINA

Table C.68 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in North Carolina, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.68 9.64 16.83 4.70
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.50 6.51 14.35 3.98
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.60 5.05 6.12 1.73
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.59 1.41 4.19 1.20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.04 38.78 26.47 47.48
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 6.67 5.35 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.01 12.93 52.77 37.69
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 16.85 8.39 33.12 15.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.96 47.23 38.07 48.32
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.99 19.73 49.60 32.12
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.11 17.29 44.04 27.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
61.01 56.01 56.92 62.30
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.05 1.76 3.00 0.64
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.80 3.50 5.73 0.95
     Alcohol Dependence 2.28 1.56 5.18 1.92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.48 3.80 11.62 3.44
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.14 5.87 13.03 3.81

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NORTH DAKOTA

Table C.69 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in North Dakota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 22 5 9 8
     Past Month Marijuana Use 17 4 8 5
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 11 2 3 6
     Past Year Cocaine Use 7 1 3 3
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 238 25 23 190
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 303 16 58 228
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 155 11 44 100
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
195 22 20 153
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 176 16 40 121
     Past Month Cigarette Use 141 13 35 93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
353 38 46 269
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 5 1 2 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9 3 3 3
     Alcohol Dependence 13 1 5 7
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 40 6 16 17
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 45 7 18 20

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

NORTH DAKOTA

Table C.70 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in North Dakota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.19 8.75 11.35 2.11
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.17 6.80 10.16 1.27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.14 3.99 4.41 1.42
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.31 1.62 3.91 0.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.60 40.07 29.61 48.17
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.89 7.31 6.53 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.69 26.21 76.27 57.75
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 29.06 18.12 58.11 25.25
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.59 35.60 26.00 38.77
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.04 24.90 52.90 30.54
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.46 20.61 46.03 23.65
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.26 60.72 60.55 68.21
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 0.98 2.16 2.66 0.47
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.65 4.77 4.12 0.69
     Alcohol Dependence 2.48 2.37 6.12 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.37 9.41 21.16 4.40
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.29 10.64 23.77 4.94

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OHIO

Table C.71 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Ohio, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 520 82 192 246
     Past Month Marijuana Use 399 61 166 172
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 238 43 73 122
     Past Year Cocaine Use 140 11 55 75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,080 368 329 3,384
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 94 50 39 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,221 151 711 3,359
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,033 98 501 1,434
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,962 406 398 3,158
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,177 179 625 2,373
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,698 151 541 2,006
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,953 566 685 4,703
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 102 21 42 38
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 173 40 66 68
     Alcohol Dependence 196 15 60 121
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 454 44 158 252
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 549 68 185 296

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OHIO

Table C.72 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Ohio, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.60 8.57 15.91 3.46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.30 6.44 13.77 2.41
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.57 4.51 6.08 1.71
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.51 1.16 4.53 1.05
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.98 38.58 27.27 47.54
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.49 5.94 5.91 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 45.50 15.81 58.97 47.20
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.91 10.26 41.59 20.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.71 42.55 33.06 44.36
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.25 18.78 51.84 33.34
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.09 15.89 44.87 28.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.18 59.37 56.82 66.06
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.10 2.25 3.49 0.54
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.87 4.21 5.41 0.95
     Alcohol Dependence 2.11 1.55 4.97 1.70
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.89 4.64 13.02 3.54
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.91 7.11 15.27 4.16

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OKLAHOMA

Table C.73 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Oklahoma, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 137 27 41 69
     Past Month Marijuana Use 83 17 31 35
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 78 13 22 43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 40 4 14 22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,316 131 132 1,053
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 28 17 9 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,001 44 186 770
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 490 30 128 332
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,348 129 142 1,077
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 976 57 179 740
     Past Month Cigarette Use 780 46 155 579
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,744 186 223 1,334
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 33 7 12 14
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 62 13 20 29
     Alcohol Dependence 64 6 17 40
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 145 15 43 86
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 170 20 50 100

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OKLAHOMA

Table C.74 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Oklahoma, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.99 8.69 11.34 3.32
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.02 5.66 8.39 1.68
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.87 4.19 6.09 2.11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.47 1.39 3.77 1.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.16 42.76 36.34 51.05
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 6.58 4.14 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.62 14.46 51.18 37.35
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.93 9.82 35.25 16.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
49.30 42.11 38.96 52.19
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.71 18.71 49.17 35.86
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.54 14.95 42.67 28.07
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
63.79 60.75 61.36 64.67
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.20 2.17 3.19 0.70
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.27 4.34 5.52 1.39
     Alcohol Dependence 2.32 2.04 4.64 1.95
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.28 4.95 11.81 4.17
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.21 6.56 13.70 4.83

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OREGON

Table C.75 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Oregon, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 212 34 70 108
     Past Month Marijuana Use 184 26 62 96
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 84 15 25 44
     Past Year Cocaine Use 42 5 16 21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 962 89 70 803
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 28 15 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,387 44 207 1,137
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 527 26 130 371
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,207 109 109 989
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 885 48 169 668
     Past Month Cigarette Use 703 42 147 514
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,887 178 212 1,497
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 38 7 15 17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 68 17 23 29
     Alcohol Dependence 71 6 19 46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 167 17 51 99
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 201 24 63 114

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

OREGON

Table C.76 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Oregon, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.52 12.37 19.98 4.94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.53 9.39 17.68 4.40
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.97 5.33 7.14 2.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.51 1.83 4.65 0.97
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.32 32.07 20.00 36.87
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.70 6.50 7.10 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.48 15.88 58.92 52.17
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.78 9.57 36.95 17.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.06 39.53 31.18 45.38
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.55 17.48 48.29 30.65
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.05 15.03 41.99 23.61
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.27 64.31 60.36 68.74
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.33 2.35 4.13 0.76
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.38 6.08 6.36 1.30
     Alcohol Dependence 2.52 2.31 5.42 2.09
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.87 6.23 14.25 4.50
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.07 8.59 17.76 5.20

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

PENNSYLVANIA

Table C.77 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 591 81 182 328
     Past Month Marijuana Use 451 64 165 223
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 261 42 69 150
     Past Year Cocaine Use 145 13 52 80
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,683 381 322 3,979
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 92 46 40 6
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,924 156 713 4,055
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,193 97 499 1,597
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
4,090 409 363 3,318
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,176 184 571 2,421
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,647 162 494 1,991
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,665 593 698 5,373
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 128 23 47 58
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 181 38 75 68
     Alcohol Dependence 237 16 62 160
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 559 50 165 344
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 662 67 194 400

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

PENNSYLVANIA

Table C.78 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.85 8.26 15.39 4.13
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.47 6.46 13.96 2.81
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.59 4.29 5.86 1.89
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.43 1.37 4.37 1.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 46.34 38.69 27.29 50.13
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.32 5.32 5.85 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.74 15.79 60.47 51.09
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.70 9.87 42.28 20.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.48 41.46 30.79 41.80
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.43 18.65 48.38 30.50
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.20 16.44 41.88 25.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.96 60.20 59.19 67.68
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.27 2.32 4.00 0.73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.79 3.86 6.30 0.86
     Alcohol Dependence 2.34 1.57 5.19 2.01
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.52 5.07 13.87 4.33
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.54 6.78 16.39 5.04

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

RHODE ISLAND

Table C.79 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Rhode Island, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 67 11 23 33
     Past Month Marijuana Use 59 9 20 30
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 23 4 7 12
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 1 6 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 313 27 18 267
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 5 3 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 435 15 61 359
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 182 9 44 129
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
373 36 33 304
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 245 13 39 193
     Past Month Cigarette Use 216 12 35 170
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
583 53 61 470
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 4 5 6
     Alcohol Dependence 19 2 5 12
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 53 5 16 31
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 61 7 19 35

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

RHODE ISLAND

Table C.80 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Rhode Island, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.12 12.64 24.46 5.19
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.20 10.35 21.79 4.70
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.77 5.14 7.30 1.81
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.69 1.47 5.96 1.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.17 32.43 19.33 41.61
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 7.34 6.57 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.10 17.65 65.13 55.89
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.24 10.98 47.26 20.07
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.58 43.28 35.31 47.35
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.94 15.88 41.96 30.00
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.39 14.03 37.25 26.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.19 63.21 64.92 73.11
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.23 2.22 4.42 0.63
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.93 4.86 5.75 0.99
     Alcohol Dependence 2.31 1.84 5.48 1.91
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.40 5.96 17.15 4.89
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.36 8.24 19.85 5.43

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table C.81 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in South Carolina, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 160 28 53 79
     Past Month Marijuana Use 125 21 48 56
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 73 14 21 38
     Past Year Cocaine Use 51 4 16 30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,533 134 139 1,260
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 18 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,117 43 181 893
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 576 30 123 423
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,592 157 163 1,272
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 943 58 154 731
     Past Month Cigarette Use 801 50 136 614
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,126 200 248 1,677
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 36 7 11 18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 55 14 20 21
     Alcohol Dependence 74 6 17 52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 144 14 42 88
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 174 23 48 102

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table C.82 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in South Carolina, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.15 8.72 13.72 3.30
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.02 6.54 12.49 2.33
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.33 4.20 5.35 1.60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.63 1.31 4.20 1.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 49.28 41.27 36.24 52.43
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 6.43 4.95 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 35.89 13.31 47.07 37.15
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.50 9.24 32.03 17.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
51.17 48.42 42.42 52.94
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.29 17.77 40.10 30.41
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.72 15.49 35.46 25.54
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.30 61.74 64.44 69.80
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.15 2.21 2.94 0.73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.76 4.26 5.16 0.88
     Alcohol Dependence 2.36 1.73 4.32 2.14
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.61 4.17 10.99 3.66
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.55 7.20 12.56 4.21

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table C.83 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in South Dakota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 29 6 11 12
     Past Month Marijuana Use 23 5 10 8
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 14 3 4 6
     Past Year Cocaine Use 10 2 4 4
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 271 28 24 219
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 312 15 60 237
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 158 11 43 104
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
233 26 22 185
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 192 17 44 131
     Past Month Cigarette Use 154 14 39 101
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
387 43 46 298
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 7 2 3 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11 3 4 3
     Alcohol Dependence 18 3 6 9
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 47 6 17 24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 48 6 17 25

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table C.84 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in South Dakota, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.75 8.51 12.57 2.68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.73 6.50 11.37 1.85
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.21 4.21 5.16 1.34
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.56 2.20 4.63 0.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.11 38.34 27.99 48.07
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.60 6.16 5.43 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.66 20.02 69.60 52.00
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.67 14.41 49.80 22.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.85 34.87 25.16 40.71
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.19 23.54 51.05 28.68
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.96 18.95 44.60 22.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
62.85 58.22 53.42 65.37
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.10 2.35 3.05 0.53
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.71 4.49 4.53 0.73
     Alcohol Dependence 2.83 3.55 6.81 1.96
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.52 7.89 19.13 5.28
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.79 8.39 19.72 5.44

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

TENNESSEE

Table C.85 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Tennessee, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 275 44 88 143
     Past Month Marijuana Use 200 30 67 103
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 123 25 36 62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 84 8 23 53
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,224 179 182 1,863
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 47 26 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,564 60 266 1,238
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 775 37 186 552
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,428 211 233 1,983
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,566 92 291 1,183
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,307 79 263 964
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,050 265 358 2,427
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 61 13 22 26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 89 23 33 33
     Alcohol Dependence 115 8 27 81
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 249 27 74 148
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 287 41 85 161

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

TENNESSEE

Table C.86 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Tennessee, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.94 9.49 14.83 4.02
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.31 6.57 11.23 2.88
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.65 5.45 6.06 1.73
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.81 1.67 3.89 1.49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.12 38.86 30.68 52.19
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.49 6.34 5.46 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 33.81 13.10 44.79 34.67
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 16.75 8.10 31.37 15.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
52.52 45.84 39.34 55.54
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.84 19.99 49.04 33.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.24 17.15 44.38 27.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.98 57.53 60.30 68.00
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.31 2.91 3.67 0.72
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.90 4.99 5.45 0.92
     Alcohol Dependence 2.47 1.68 4.44 2.25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.34 5.78 12.33 4.13
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.14 8.85 14.18 4.47

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

TEXAS

Table C.87 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Texas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 774 169 299 306
     Past Month Marijuana Use 536 111 242 183
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 409 96 132 181
     Past Year Cocaine Use 310 48 134 129
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 7,943 772 825 6,347
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 168 90 67 10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 6,857 331 1,278 5,247
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,380 206 836 2,339
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
8,014 817 990 6,207
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 4,479 291 936 3,252
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,772 236 811 2,726
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
11,083 1,163 1,495 8,425
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 187 43 75 70
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 324 95 117 112
     Alcohol Dependence 361 36 98 227
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 913 98 275 540
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,050 161 320 569

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

TEXAS

Table C.88 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Texas, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.86 9.04 12.78 2.61
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.36 5.92 10.34 1.56
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.56 5.11 5.63 1.55
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.95 2.56 5.72 1.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 49.86 41.29 35.25 54.14
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 5.49 4.55 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.04 17.70 54.66 44.76
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.22 11.01 35.73 19.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
50.30 43.67 42.34 52.95
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.12 15.54 40.03 27.74
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.68 12.59 34.67 23.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.57 62.21 63.91 71.87
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 2.29 3.16 0.59
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.02 5.09 4.94 0.94
     Alcohol Dependence 2.25 1.91 4.12 1.93
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.69 5.23 11.61 4.57
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.54 8.56 13.51 4.82

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

UTAH

Table C.89 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Utah, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 85 16 32 38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 54 12 24 18
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 51 9 17 25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 25 4 11 10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 798 110 117 571
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 20 10 9 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 475 26 105 344
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 233 17 73 143
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
901 125 150 626
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 337 26 88 222
     Past Month Cigarette Use 295 25 79 191
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,275 178 240 857
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 24 6 11 7
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 41 11 18 12
     Alcohol Dependence 34 5 9 20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 86 11 35 40
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 107 15 40 52

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

UTAH

Table C.90 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Utah, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.01 6.46 9.84 3.35
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.15 4.85 7.44 1.58
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.01 3.64 5.27 2.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.48 1.68 3.42 0.90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 47.15 44.61 36.51 50.67
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.60 4.67 3.88 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 28.07 10.62 32.66 30.55
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 13.73 6.71 22.87 12.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
53.17 50.34 46.98 55.50
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 19.86 10.57 27.48 19.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 17.39 10.05 24.75 16.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
75.24 71.93 75.07 76.01
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.39 2.44 3.33 0.62
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.35 4.30 5.41 1.08
     Alcohol Dependence 1.96 1.86 2.78 1.75
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.98 4.54 10.72 3.48
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.21 6.18 12.24 4.53

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

VERMONT

Table C.91 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Vermont, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 43 7 17 19
     Past Month Marijuana Use 37 6 15 16
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 15 3 6 7
     Past Year Cocaine Use 9 1 4 4
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 151 14 12 126
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 4 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 287 11 42 235
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 113 6 30 76
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
203 19 17 167
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 150 10 30 111
     Past Month Cigarette Use 124 8 27 89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
357 33 39 284
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 8 2 3 3
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11 3 4 4
     Alcohol Dependence 12 1 3 7
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 30 4 9 18
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 37 5 12 20

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

VERMONT

Table C.92 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Vermont, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.50 13.61 26.98 4.87
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.26 10.62 24.60 4.05
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.03 5.22 9.71 1.67
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.77 1.77 6.36 1.05
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 29.62 24.76 18.64 32.03
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.25 8.30 8.22 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.50 19.63 67.87 59.79
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.13 11.58 48.29 19.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.80 35.48 26.86 42.45
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.48 17.72 47.85 28.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.30 14.49 43.66 22.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.03 60.60 63.00 72.44
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.57 2.80 5.15 0.83
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.10 4.98 6.59 0.98
     Alcohol Dependence 2.33 2.13 5.42 1.87
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.93 6.99 14.31 4.44
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.24 8.92 18.58 5.20

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

VIRGINIA

Table C.93 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Virginia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 271 41 94 136
     Past Month Marijuana Use 232 33 86 114
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 113 19 33 61
     Past Year Cocaine Use 84 7 33 44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,468 219 190 2,058
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 53 26 23 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,581 68 397 2,115
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,037 39 262 735
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,609 253 247 2,109
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,547 83 306 1,158
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,339 73 264 1,002
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,790 340 431 3,019
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 67 12 24 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 99 21 35 43
     Alcohol Dependence 116 8 29 79
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 268 21 87 160
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 316 34 100 182

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

VIRGINIA

Table C.94 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Virginia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.82 7.26 13.76 3.11
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.13 5.82 12.50 2.60
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.01 3.35 4.85 1.40
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.49 1.30 4.77 1.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.95 39.28 27.71 47.10
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.40 5.09 5.68 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 45.96 12.24 57.91 48.40
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.46 6.97 38.23 16.82
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.47 45.38 35.95 48.26
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.55 14.87 44.57 26.50
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.84 13.13 38.41 22.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.49 60.87 62.74 69.08
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.18 2.10 3.47 0.70
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.75 3.67 5.08 0.98
     Alcohol Dependence 2.05 1.47 4.18 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.74 3.71 12.60 3.64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.60 6.05 14.44 4.15

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WASHINGTON

Table C.95 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Washington, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 356 54 102 200
     Past Month Marijuana Use 267 42 85 139
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 136 25 44 68
     Past Year Cocaine Use 71 10 26 35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,742 156 153 1,432
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 28 18 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,233 73 303 1,857
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 843 46 192 606
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,244 177 204 1,863
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,374 73 227 1,074
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,133 65 206 862
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,224 308 384 2,532
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 68 15 18 35
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 109 26 27 56
     Alcohol Dependence 106 14 22 70
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 259 32 64 162
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 332 46 77 209

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WASHINGTON

Table C.96 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Washington, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.51 11.19 17.05 5.46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.62 8.70 14.28 3.80
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.87 5.10 7.34 1.84
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.49 2.02 4.35 0.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.69 32.16 25.59 39.10
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.61 6.78 5.17 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.03 15.10 50.60 50.69
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.76 9.38 32.02 16.54
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.26 36.45 34.05 50.85
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.94 15.01 37.88 29.32
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.87 13.44 34.42 23.54
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.91 63.34 64.13 69.14
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.42 3.04 2.95 0.95
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.28 5.27 4.45 1.53
     Alcohol Dependence 2.21 2.82 3.57 1.91
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.41 6.67 10.64 4.39
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.94 9.44 12.68 5.67

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WEST VIRGINIA

Table C.97 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in West Virginia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 73 15 29 29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 54 10 21 23
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 40 8 14 18
     Past Year Cocaine Use 20 2 7 10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 749 58 59 633
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 14 8 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 508 23 94 390
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 276 17 69 190
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
713 55 68 590
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 607 33 107 467
     Past Month Cigarette Use 474 28 89 356
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
984 85 114 784
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 18 3 6 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 28 6 9 13
     Alcohol Dependence 34 3 9 22
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 72 8 22 42
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 80 11 27 42

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WEST VIRGINIA

Table C.98 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in West Virginia, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.69 10.60 14.89 2.38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.49 7.32 10.67 1.90
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.55 5.66 7.00 1.48
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.30 1.62 3.81 0.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.33 40.52 29.80 52.18
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.28 6.27 4.98 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 32.70 16.03 48.09 32.18
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.78 11.65 35.31 15.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.95 38.45 34.53 48.64
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 39.08 23.14 54.45 38.48
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.51 19.90 45.55 29.34
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
63.40 59.89 58.21 64.63
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.15 2.44 2.96 0.71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.83 4.42 4.83 1.05
     Alcohol Dependence 2.20 2.46 4.40 1.81
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.66 5.95 11.15 3.48
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.16 7.80 14.05 3.45

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WISCONSIN

Table C.99 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Wisconsin, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 293 51 106 136
     Past Month Marijuana Use 230 39 97 94
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 125 22 35 69
     Past Year Cocaine Use 76 9 32 35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,653 159 139 1,355
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 53 30 20 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,493 102 402 1,988
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,176 64 289 823
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,673 176 165 1,331
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,354 95 304 954
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,126 84 268 773
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,825 290 335 2,200
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 55 14 18 23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 85 25 31 29
     Alcohol Dependence 98 12 27 59
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 264 34 92 138
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 303 44 104 155

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WISCONSIN

Table C.100 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Wisconsin, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.68 10.63 18.19 4.12
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.24 8.08 16.60 2.86
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.87 4.66 5.94 2.08
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.73 1.82 5.50 1.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.97 33.32 23.75 41.10
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.88 7.34 6.46 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.24 21.46 68.92 60.29
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.95 13.39 49.57 24.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.41 36.99 28.28 40.37
TOBACCO
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.03 19.92 52.14 28.94
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.81 17.70 45.96 23.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.86 60.88 57.44 66.71
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.24 2.85 3.10 0.69
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.92 5.19 5.31 0.88
     Alcohol Dependence 2.24 2.50 4.65 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.00 7.12 15.63 4.17
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.89 9.22 17.66 4.69

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WYOMING

Table C.101 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Wyoming, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 24 4 9 10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 19 4 8 7
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 11 2 4 5
     Past Year Cocaine Use 6 1 3 3
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 174 18 17 139
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 3 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 212 10 39 163
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 104 7 29 68
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
168 18 18 132
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 138 10 31 97
     Past Month Cigarette Use 108 8 26 74
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
274 29 35 210
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 5 1 2 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8 2 4 2
     Alcohol Dependence 9 1 3 5
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 25 4 10 12
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 29 4 11 14

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20424

WYOMING

Table C.102 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, and Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse in Wyoming, by Age Group: 1999 and 2000
Drug Characteristic Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Based on 1999 and 2000 Pooled Data:        
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.67 9.07 15.41 3.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.40 7.42 12.99 2.26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 2.64 4.52 6.25 1.65
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.53 1.68 4.68 0.89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.23 36.80 28.13 44.48
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.83 6.51 6.18 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.22 21.00 63.32 52.28
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.66 14.90 47.65 21.73
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.73 36.61 29.53 42.21
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.82 20.56 51.72 31.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.55 16.20 42.83 23.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
        Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.99 58.27 57.95 67.42
Based on 2000 Data Only:        
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE5        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.13 2.10 3.50 0.52
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.96 4.37 6.21 0.76
     Alcohol Dependence 2.20 2.34 4.85 1.66
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.97 7.27 15.60 3.90
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.75 8.24 18.16 4.30

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.

1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription–type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey–weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–IV).

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

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This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.