Skip To Content

60628 (101A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 1A. Estimated Numbers of Persons (in Thousands) in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 180,343 186,440 192,605 198,347 201,188 202,859 205,713 207,199 209,411 211,532
AGE GROUP
12-17 23,758 22,295 21,558 20,250 19,978 20,145 20,684 21,224 21,773 22,208
18-25 32,604 33,236 31,601 29,688 29,021 28,496 27,964 28,327 28,027 27,820
26-34 31,339 34,241 36,477 38,570 38,821 38,737 38,215 37,194 36,588 35,975
>35 92,641 96,669 102,969 109,839 113,368 115,481 118,850 120,453 123,023 125,529
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 147,202 150,087 154,224 156,742 157,427 157,363 158,398 157,693 159,029 159,722
Black 19,271 20,134 21,332 22,271 22,779 23,030 23,649 23,002 23,365 23,686
Hispanic 10,586 11,834 13,256 14,925 15,734 16,178 16,849 18,501 19,112 19,736
Other 3,283 4,385 3,793 4,408 5,248 6,288 6,816 8,002 7,905 8,388
SEX
Male 85,887 88,840 91,828 94,878 96,382 97,242 98,778 99,322 100,365 101,449
Female 94,456 97,600 100,776 103,468 104,806 105,617 106,935 107,877 109,046 110,083

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (101N)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 1N. Survey Sample Sizes for All Respondents Aged 12 and Older, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 7,224 5,624 8,021 8,814 9,259 32,594 28,832 26,489 17,809 17,747
AGE GROUP
12-17 2,165 1,581 2,230 3,095 2,177 8,005 7,254 6,978 4,698 4,595
18-25 2,044 1,283 1,812 1,505 2,052 7,937 7,721 5,531 3,706 3,963
26-34 1,064 1,571 2,166 1,987 2,355 8,126 7,516 8,342 5,223 5,213
>35 1,951 1,189 1,813 2,227 2,675 8,526 6,341 5,638 4,182 3,976
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 5,862 4,532 3,960 4,551 5,241 15,648 14,080 12,478 8,663 8,459
Black 798 673 1,950 1,888 1,842 8,050 6,511 6,183 4,010 4,208
Hispanic 354 299 2,003 2,193 1,915 7,916 7,148 6,894 4,706 4,599
Other 210 120 108 182 261 980 1,093 934 430 481
SEX
Male 3,357 2,637 3,516 3,938 4,165 14,422 12,988 12,059 7,950 7,652
Female 3,867 2,987 4,505 4,876 5,094 18,172 15,844 14,430 9,859 10,095

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (1A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 2A. Estimated Numbers of Persons (in Thousands) in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 21,773 22,208 28,027 27,820 36,588 35,975 123,023 125,529 209,411 211,532
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 14,996 15,142 19,361 19,117 26,345 25,577 98,327 99,886 159,029 159,722
Black 3,071 3,217 3,770 3,765 4,359 4,309 12,165 12,395 23,365 23,686
Hispanic 2,693 2,797 3,599 3,620 4,332 4,409 8,487 8,910 19,112 19,736
Other 1,012 1,053 1,298 1,317 1,551 1,681 4,044 4,337 7,905 8,388
SEX
Male 11,137 11,358 13,872 13,772 17,899 17,592 57,457 58,727 100,365 101,449
Female 10,636 10,851 14,155 14,048 18,689 18,383 65,566 66,802 109,046 110,083
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 9,067 9,168 12,839 12,349 17,635 17,281 53,463 54,379 93,004 93,177
Small Metro 7,743 7,104 8,523 9,232 12,532 11,154 41,291 40,437 70,090 67,926
Nonmetro 4,963 5,937 6,665 6,239 6,421 7,540 28,268 30,713 46,317 50,429
REGION
Northeast 3,873 3,890 5,467 4,929 7,097 7,436 24,550 26,982 40,987 43,237
North Central 5,491 5,707 5,984 6,499 8,344 8,177 30,211 28,982 50,029 49,365
South 7,511 7,375 10,154 9,391 12,896 11,864 43,026 44,550 73,587 73,180
West 4,898 5,236 6,422 7,001 8,252 8,497 25,236 25,015 44,808 45,750
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 5,546 5,410 5,484 5,366 26,838 25,032 37,869 35,808
High School Grad N/A N/A 10,119 9,683 11,819 12,025 39,621 43,849 61,559 65,558
Some College N/A N/A 8,791 8,686 8,893 8,631 26,909 24,329 44,593 41,646
College Graduate N/A N/A 3,571 4,040 10,392 9,953 29,655 32,319 43,618 46,312
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 12,858 13,129 25,010 24,481 58,242 61,653 96,110 99,262
Part-time N/A N/A 6,171 6,172 3,834 3,775 14,024 11,744 24,029 21,692
Unemployed N/A N/A 2,360 2,331 2,130 2,091 3,819 3,806 8,308 8,229
Other3 N/A N/A 6,638 6,187 5,614 5,628 46,938 48,326 59,191 60,141


N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged >18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (1N)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 2N. Survey Sample Sizes for All Respondents Aged 12 and Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 4,698 4,595 3,706 3,963 5,223 5,213 4,182 3,976 17,809 17,747
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 2,249 2,205 1,735 1,774 2,594 2,620 2,085 1,860 8,663 8,459
Black 1,084 1,068 791 980 1,193 1,159 942 1,001 4,010 4,208
Hispanic 1,241 1,184 1,086 1,076 1,307 1,299 1,072 1,040 4,706 4,599
Other 124 138 94 133 129 135 83 75 430 481
SEX
Male 2,352 2,318 1,729 1,756 2,167 2,030 1,702 1,548 7,950 7,652
Female 2,346 2,277 1,977 2,207 3,056 3,183 2,480 2,428 9,859 10,095
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 2,347 1,959 1,901 1,885 2,714 2,628 2,044 2,048 9,006 8,520
Small Metro 1,356 1,547 1,022 1,305 1,524 1,619 1,191 1,198 5,093 5,669
Nonmetro 995 1,089 783 773 985 966 947 730 3,710 3,558
REGION
Northeast 788 689 669 622 924 944 757 729 3,138 2,984
North Central 1,029 901 728 746 1,114 949 829 691 3,700 3,287
South 1,754 1,909 1,414 1,615 1,994 2,015 1,635 1,642 6,797 7,181
West 1,127 1,096 895 980 1,191 1,305 961 914 4,174 4,295
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 1,055 1,020 1,233 1,112 1,064 1,065 3,352 3,197
High School Grad N/A N/A 1,378 1,439 1,834 1,806 1,354 1,301 4,566 4,546
Some College N/A N/A 979 1,099 1,193 1,227 897 797 3,069 3,123
College Graduate N/A N/A 294 405 963 1,068 867 813 2,124 2,286
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 1,667 1,727 3,275 3,282 2,404 2,225 7,346 7,234
Part-time N/A N/A 733 830 553 563 436 379 1,722 1,772
Unemployed N/A N/A 395 421 399 372 213 195 1,007 988
Other3 N/A N/A 911 985 996 996 1,129 1,177 3,036 3,158


N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged >18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (103A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 3A. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Lifetime Users of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 56,414b -- 66,172 67,457 68,838 69,256 68,528 70,776 71,935 72,426
Marijuana and Hashish 50,322b 53,312b 56,547a 60,755 61,266 61,900 62,075 64,149 65,229 65,545
Cocaine 15,541b 21,756 21,495 21,058 22,617 23,271 22,482 23,369 21,821 21,700
Crack -- -- -- 2,672a 2,967 4,194 3,010a 4,034 4,042 3,895
Inhalants -- -- 15,167a 12,646 11,562 12,300 10,988 12,240 12,178 12,016
Hallucinogens 16,016a 16,989 13,221b 15,165b 15,925a 17,007a 17,065 18,743 18,217 20,129
PCP -- -- 3,811b 4,143b 4,019b 4,936a 5,550 5,683 5,911 6,718
LSD -- -- 8,889b 11,874b 11,656b 13,045a 13,681 14,471 14,711 15,852
Heroin 2,324 1,771 1,826 1,749 1,517a 2,433 1,687 2,102 2,083 2,451
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


29,386b


22,258


22,731


24,053


22,552


21,793


20,926


21,446
Stimulants -- -- 14,139a 11,241 11,156 11,385 10,284 10,007 9,671 10,360
Sedatives -- -- 9,260b 5,206 5,609 6,482 5,309 5,320 5,460 5,760
Tranquilizers -- -- 14,692b 8,774 8,020 10,445 9,766 8,751 8,390 8,251
Analgesics -- -- 14,693 11,465 12,751 13,782 12,634 13,324 12,552 12,806
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


43,130


38,301


39,190


40,228


38,923


40,803


39,383


40,426
Alcohol 159,525 159,415 163,608 166,571 165,410 169,640 168,572 171,167 176,290 174,182
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Cigarettes -- -- 150,233 153,466 151,699 151,922 150,283 151,936 153,509 151,917
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 36,551 35,193 35,420 37,538 32,862 36,042 35,899

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (103B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 3B. Percentages Reporting Lifetime Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 31.3 -- 34.4 34.0 34.2 34.1 33.3 34.2 34.4 34.2
Marijuana and Hashish 27.9 28.6 29.4 30.6 30.5 30.5 30.2 31.0 31.1 31.0
Cocaine 8.6 11.7 11.2 10.6 11.2 11.5 10.9 11.3 10.4 10.3
Crack -- -- -- 1.3 1.5 2.1 1.5 1.9 1.9 1.8
Inhalants -- -- 7.9b 6.4 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.9 5.8 5.7
Hallucinogens 8.9 9.1 6.9b 7.6a 7.9a 8.4 8.3 9.0 8.7 9.5
PCP -- -- 2.0b 2.1b 2.0b 2.4a 2.7 2.7 2.8 3.2
LSD -- -- 4.6b 6.0a 5.8a 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.5
Heroin 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.2
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


15.3b


11.2


11.3


11.9


11.0


10.5


10.0


10.1
Stimulants -- -- 7.3b 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.9
Sedatives -- -- 4.8b 2.6 2.8 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Tranquilizers -- -- 7.6b 4.4 4.0 5.1a 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.9
Analgesics -- -- 7.6 5.8 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.1
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


22.4a


19.3


19.5


19.8


18.9


19.7


18.8


19.1
Alcohol 88.5a 85.5 84.9 84.0 82.2 83.6 81.9 82.6 84.2 82.3
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Cigarettes -- -- 78.0a 77.4 75.4 74.9 73.1 73.3 73.3 71.8
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 18.4 17.5 17.5 18.2 15.9 17.2 17.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (104A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 4A. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Year Users of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 31,485b -- 31,488b 24,577 23,449 22,612 20,046 21,402 22,663 22,662
Marijuana and Hashish 29,869b 29,685b 26,145b 19,492 18,931 18,067 16,322 17,510 17,813 17,755
Cocaine 8,608b 10,458b 9,839b 7,151b 5,442a 5,284a 4,332 3,947 3,664 3,664
Crack -- -- -- 1,459 1,463 1,451 1,144 1,416 1,258 1,018
Inhalants -- -- 2,657 2,441 2,212 2,379 1,889 1,940 2,213 2,308
Hallucinogens 5,260 4,149 3,198 3,200 2,350a 2,562 2,530a 2,479a 2,725a 3,416
PCP -- -- 455 167 136 172 207 199 206 322
LSD -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1,651 2,108
Heroin 427 323 347 508 443 359 304 230 281 428
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


11,988b


9,151a


6,878


7,314


6,260


6,336


6,056


6,166
Stimulants -- -- 5,637b 3,698b 2,319 2,010 1,478 1,774 1,419 1,656
Sedatives -- -- 2,209b 1,376 991 946 802 702 736 666
Tranquilizers -- -- 6,181b 4,124a 2,376 3,143 2,851 2,380 2,405 2,210
Analgesics -- -- 6,921b 5,328 4,986 5,063 4,871 4,560 4,247 4,102
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


18,725b


14,884b


12,153


12,624


10,815


10,968


11,127


11,393
Alcohol 131,443 126,534 140,394 135,044 132,859 138,113 133,090 137,771 140,121 138,314
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Cigarettes -- -- 78,026 76,446 72,622 73,419 72,409 68,831 66,475 67,639
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 11,140 10,924 10,704 11,416 9,168 10,017 9,667

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (104B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 4B. Percentages Reporting Past Year Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 17.5b -- 16.3b 12.4 11.7 11.1 9.7 10.3 10.8 10.7
Marijuana and Hashish 16.6b 15.9b 13.6b 9.8 9.4 8.9 7.9 8.5 8.5 8.4
Cocaine 4.8b 5.6b 5.1b 3.6b 2.7b 2.6b 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.7
Crack -- -- -- 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5
Inhalants -- -- 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1
Hallucinogens 2.9b 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.6
PCP -- -- 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
LSD -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.8 1.0
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


6.2b


4.6b


3.4


3.6


3.0


3.1


2.9


2.9
Stimulants -- -- 2.9b 1.9b 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8
Sedatives -- -- 1.1b 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
Tranquilizers -- -- 3.2b 2.1a 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.0
Analgesics -- -- 3.6b 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


9.7b


7.5b


6.0


6.2


5.3


5.3


5.3


5.4
Alcohol 72.9a 67.9 72.9a 68.1 66.0 68.1 64.7 66.5 66.9 65.4
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Cigarettes -- -- 40.5b 38.5b 36.1 36.2a 35.2 33.2 31.7 32.0
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.5 4.4 4.8 4.6

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (105A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 5A. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 25,399b -- 23,272b 15,192 13,526 13,368 12,033 12,256 12,553 12,823
Marijuana and Hashish 23,790b 21,507b 18,641b 12,353 10,913 10,366 9,676 9,610 10,112 9,842
Cocaine 4,743b 4,491b 5,686b 3,140b 1,720 2,032 1,402 1,404 1,382 1,453
Crack -- -- -- 673 686 666 436 579 520 420
Inhalants -- -- 1,156 810 787 806 586 589 799 896
Hallucinogens 3,382a 1,608 2,257 1,245 887 1,115 842a 826a 960a 1,469
PCP -- -- * * * * 16 29 34 40
LSD -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 436 548
Heroin 128 162 137 79 41 71 92 68 117 196
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


7,319b


4,076


3,433


3,934


3,124


3,189


2,566


2,601
Stimulants -- -- 3,407b 2,383a 1,300 906 688 976 678 798
Sedatives -- -- 964 468 339 468 430 315 222 421
Tranquilizers -- -- 4,282b 2,512a 1,216 2,232a 1,646 1,223 967 809
Analgesics -- -- 2,657a 1,361 1,816 1,723 1,828 1,675 1,542 1,264
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


11,832b


6,768


5,436


6,187


4,909


4,873


4,907


5,574
Alcohol 114,065 105,613 115,984 108,882 105,869 105,938 100,789 105,351 112,804 110,501
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- 38,545 29,599 28,837 31,119 29,493 29,984 33,409 32,415
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- 15,757a 11,468 12,535 13,540 12,689 13,681 12,650 11,319
Cigarettes -- -- 74,545a 69,931 65,540 67,030 65,695 61,386 59,955 60,902
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 7,769 7,810 7,562 8,283 6,694 6,838 6,907

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years. Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (105B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 5B. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older: 1979-1995
Drug 1979 1982 1985 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Any Illicit Drug1 14.1b -- 12.1b 7.7 6.7 6.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
Marijuana and Hashish 13.2b 11.5b 9.7b 6.2a 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7
Cocaine 2.6b 2.4b 3.0b 1.6b 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Crack -- -- -- 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Inhalants -- -- 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Hallucinogens 1.9a 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4a 0.4a 0.5a 0.7
PCP -- -- * * * * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
LSD -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.2 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



--


--


3.8b


2.1a


1.7


1.9


1.5


1.5


1.2


1.2
Stimulants -- -- 1.8b 1.2a 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.4
Sedatives -- -- 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers -- -- 2.2b 1.3a 0.6 1.1a 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4
Analgesics -- -- 1.4a 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana1



--


--


6.1b


3.4


2.7


3.0


2.4


2.4


2.3


2.6
Alcohol 63.2b 56.6 60.2b 54.9 52.6 52.2 49.0 50.8 53.9 52.2
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 -- -- 20.2b 15.0 14.4 15.5 14.5 14.6 16.5 15.8
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- 8.3a 5.8 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.5
Cigarettes -- -- 38.7b 35.3b 32.6 33.0a 31.9 29.6 28.6 28.8
Smokeless Tobacco -- -- -- 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.2 3.3 3.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (108B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 6. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 14.1b -- 12.1b 7.7 6.7 6.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
AGE GROUP
12-17 16.3a -- 13.2 8.1 7.1b 5.8b 5.3b 5.7b 8.2b 10.9
18-25 38.0b -- 25.3b 17.9 15.0 15.4 13.1 13.6 13.3 14.2
26-34 20.8b -- 23.1b 14.7b 10.9 10.0 11.4 9.5 8.5 8.3
>35 2.8 -- 3.9 2.3 3.1 3.4 2.5 3.0 3.2 2.8
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 14.2b -- 12.3b 7.7 6.9 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0
Black 13.3a -- 12.7b 6.6 7.3 8.1 5.6a 5.8a 7.3 7.9
Hispanic 12.9b -- 8.9b 6.9 5.6 5.3 4.4 5.2 5.4 5.1
Other 15.1b -- 10.7 * 3.4 6.0 3.9 4.3 3.1 4.0
SEX
Male 19.2b -- 14.9b 9.4 8.2 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8
Female 9.4b -- 9.5b 6.0 5.3 5.4 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.5

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (114B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 7. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 13.2b 11.5b 9.7b 6.2a 5.4 5.1 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.7
AGE GROUP
12-17 14.2a 9.9 10.2 5.4a 4.4b 3.6b 3.4b 4.0b 6.0b 8.2
18-25 35.6b 27.2b 21.7b 15.3 12.7 12.9 10.9 11.1 12.1 12.0
26-34 19.7b 19.0b 19.0b 12.3a 9.5 7.7 9.3 7.5 6.9 6.7
>35 2.9 3.9 2.6 1.8 2.4 2.6 2.0 2.4 2.3 1.8
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 13.6b 11.9b 10.0b 6.3 5.7 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7
Black 11.0a 11.5a 9.9a 4.7 5.1 5.5 3.9a 4.2 5.9 5.9
Hispanic 11.4a 8.6 6.4a 4.9 3.9 3.6 3.0 3.9 4.1 3.9
Other 12.2b * 7.6 * * 4.2 2.6 3.2 3.0 2.8
SEX
Male 18.1b 16.4b 12.6b 8.4a 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.2
Female 8.7b 7.1b 7.1b 4.2 4.2 3.6 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (117B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 8. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cocaine, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 2.6b 2.4b 3.0b 1.6b 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
AGE GROUP
12-17 1.5 1.9 1.5 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.3a 0.4 0.3a 0.8
18-25 9.9b 7.0b 8.1b 4.8b 2.3 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.2 1.3
26-34 3.0a 3.5b 6.3b 2.8a 1.9 1.9 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.2
>35 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 2.4b 2.5b 3.0b 1.4a 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
Black 2.8 2.4 3.4b 2.2 1.8 1.9a 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.1
Hispanic 4.8a 1.5 2.5b 2.8a 2.0a 1.7b 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.7
Other 3.5a * * 1.7 * 2.1 0.1 * * 0.3
SEX
Male 3.5b 3.4b 3.9b 2.2b 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0
Female 1.8b 1.5b 2.1b 1.0a 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (120B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 9. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Alcohol, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL 63.2b 56.6 60.2b 54.9 52.6 52.2 49.0 50.8 53.9 52.2
AGE GROUP
12-17 49.6b 34.9b 41.2b 33.4b 32.5b 27.0a 20.9 23.9 21.6 21.1
18-25 75.1b 66.6 70.1 64.7 62.8 63.1 58.6 58.7 63.1 61.3
26-34 71.6a 71.5a 70.6 65.3 64.4 62.7 62.3 63.8 65.3 63.0
>35 59.7 53.0 57.5 52.6 49.5 50.4 47.4 49.8 54.1 52.6
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 64.4a 58.4 62.8 56.7 54.6 54.0 50.9 54.0 56.7 55.6
Black 58.8b 49.4 50.6b 47.8a 47.0 47.2a 42.8 40.5 43.8 40.8
Hispanic 58.6b 53.1 49.3 48.1 45.8 46.3 43.7 44.3 47.7 45.2
Other 50.9 * * * 37.7 42.4 39.2 33.0 42.0 36.9
SEX
Male 72.4b 66.8 69.2a 62.3 60.5 59.6 57.2 58.7 60.3 60.1
Female 54.9b 47.4 52.0a 48.1 45.4 45.4 41.4 43.6 47.9 45.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (121B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 10. Percentages Reporting Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL -- -- 20.2b 15.0 14.4 15.5 14.5 14.6 16.5 15.8
AGE GROUP
12-17 -- -- 21.9b 15.1a 15.4a 13.2a 10.0 11.0 8.3 7.9
18-25 -- -- 34.4 28.2 29.5 31.2 29.9 29.1 33.6 29.9
26-34 -- -- 27.5 19.7 21.1 21.5 22.8 21.9 24.0 24.0
>35 -- -- 12.9 9.7 8.0a 10.1 9.0 9.6 11.8 11.8
RACE/ETHNICITY
White -- -- 21.6a 15.8 14.9 16.2 15.3 15.6 17.1 16.6
Black -- -- 12.1 8.9 11.1 11.0 10.3 9.0 11.5 11.2
Hispanic -- -- 19.1 15.7 16.9 18.4 16.3 17.2 18.3 17.2
Other -- -- 11.1 13.7 4.7a 9.6 7.6 6.5 13.0 9.7
SEX
Male -- -- 31.6b 23.2 22.1 23.5 21.9 22.7 24.7 23.8
Female -- -- 9.8 7.5 7.3 8.3 7.7 7.3 8.9 8.5

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (122B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 11. Percentages Reporting Past Month Heavy Alcohol Use, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL -- -- 8.3a 5.8 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.5
AGE GROUP
12-17 -- -- 9.5 4.0 4.4 6.0 3.4 3.4 2.5 2.8
18-25 -- -- 13.8 12.0 14.9 15.2 15.1 14.0 13.2 12.0
26-34 -- -- 11.5 7.1 8.2 7.9 8.5 8.5 8.0 7.9
>35 -- -- 5.2 4.0 3.7 4.4 3.9 5.0 4.8 3.9
RACE/ETHNICITY
White -- -- 9.1a 6.3 6.7 7.2 6.8 7.5 6.4 5.7
Black -- -- 3.5 2.8a 4.1 4.3 3.5 3.3 4.8 4.6
Hispanic -- -- 7.1 5.3 5.9 6.8 6.3 6.0 7.3 6.3
Other -- -- * 3.9 * 3.3 2.2 1.9 4.7 2.4
SEX
Male -- -- 13.8a 10.2 10.8 10.8 10.1 11.9 10.3 9.4
Female -- -- 3.2a 1.8 2.1 3.1a 2.7 1.9 2.5 2.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (125B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 12. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Age Group, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex: 1979-1995
Demographic

Characteristics



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
TOTAL -- -- 38.7b 35.3b 32.6 33.0a 31.9 29.6 28.6 28.8
AGE GROUP
12-17 -- -- 29.4a 22.7 22.4 20.9 18.4 18.5 18.9 20.2
18-25 -- -- 47.4b 45.6b 40.9 41.7 41.5 37.9 34.6 35.3
26-34 -- -- 45.7b 42.1a 42.4a 37.3 38.2 34.2 32.4 34.7
>35 -- -- 35.5a 32.4 28.9 31.6 30.0 28.2 27.9 27.2
RACE/ETHNICITY
White -- -- 38.9b 35.2a 33.6 33.5 32.8 30.3 29.4 29.7
Black -- -- 38.0b 34.2 29.9 31.2 29.8 26.2 28.4 28.1
Hispanic -- -- 40.0b 35.6b 28.5 33.6b 29.2 29.0 25.8 24.7
Other -- -- * * 25.7 28.0 25.4 27.6 20.5 23.5
SEX
Male -- -- 43.4b 39.5b 36.0a 35.2 34.1 32.2 31.5 31.0
Female -- -- 34.5b 31.4a 29.4 31.1a 30.0 27.3 26.0 26.8

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, some

adjusted estimates of past year use may appear to be greater then adjusted lifetime estimates. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not statistically significant.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (126A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 13A. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Marijuana, Cocaine, and Alcohol Users in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, by Past Year Frequency of Use: 1985-1995
Drug/Frequency of

Use in Past Year



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
MARIJUANA
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 12,824b 9,429 10,234 9,564 8,216 9,001 9,272 8,584
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 14,153b 10,480 9,054 8,575 8,198 8,517 8,541 9,171
51 or more days1 -- -- 8,423b 6,298 5,187 4,880 4,914 4,816 5,139 5,316
COCAINE
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 7,141b 5,121b 3,656 3,837a 3,042 2,688 2,408 2,486
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 2,722b 2,045a 1,789 1,460 1,297 1,262 1,255 1,178
51 or more days1 -- -- 781 1,112 855 806 829 615 734 582
ALCOHOL
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 47,957 47,056 53,349 54,239 55,779 55,057 55,126 53,967
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 93,190 88,724 80,136 84,455 77,825 83,354 84,995 84,346
51 or more days1 -- -- 53,364 47,126 41,558 42,787 41,497 44,359 45,662 48,639

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, the number of past year users

of a drug shown here from the frequency of use in the past year question may differ from the estimated number of past year users based on the recency of use question. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not

statistically significant.

1 For 1993 and earlier, "occasional" use is equivalent to use in the past year but on "fewer than 12 days" in this table. Also for 1993 and earlier, "monthly" use is equivalent to use on "12 or more days" in the past year in this table and "weekly" use is equivalent to use on "51 or more days" in the past year in this table.

2 The category of use on "12 or more days" includes "51 or more days" used; the sum of "fewer than 12 days and "12 or more days" users equals all past year users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office Of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (126B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996, ADJUSTED 1979-1993 ESTIMATES

Table 13B. Percentages Reporting Marijuana, Cocaine, and Alcohol Use in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, by Past Year Frequency of Use: 1985-1995
Drug/Frequency of

Use in Past Year



1979


1982


1985


1988


1990


1991


1992


1993


1994


1995
MARIJUANA
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 6.7b 4.8 5.1a 4.7 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.1
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 7.3b 5.3 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.3
51 or more days1 -- -- 4.4b 3.2 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.5
COCAINE
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 3.7b 2.6b 1.8a 1.9a 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 1.4b 1.0a 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
51 or more days1 -- -- 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
ALCOHOL
Fewer than 12 days1 -- -- 24.9 23.7 26.5 26.7 27.1 26.6 26.3 25.5
12 or more days1,2 -- -- 48.4b 44.7a 39.8 41.6 37.8 40.2 40.6 39.9
51 or more days1 -- -- 27.7a 23.8 20.7 21.1 20.2 21.4 21.8 23.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: The population distributions for the 1993, 1994, and 1995 NHSDAs are post-stratified to population projections of totals based on the 1990 decennial census. The 1979 NHSDA used population projections based on the 1970 census; NHSDAs from 1982 through 1992 used projections based on the 1980 census. The change from one census base to another has little effect on estimated percentages reporting drug use, but may have significant effect on estimates of number of drug users in some subpopulation groups.

NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 may differ from estimates for these survey years that were published in other NHSDA reports. The estimates shown here for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on the new version of the NHSDA instrument that was fielded in 1994 and subsequent NHSDAs. For 1979 and 1982, estimates are not shown (as indicated by --) where (a) the relevant data were not collected, or (b) the data for those drugs were based on measures that differed appreciably from those used in the other survey years. Consequently, adjustments to the 1979 and 1982 data were made only for those drugs whose measures were comparable to those in the other survey years.

Because of the methodology used to adjust the 1979 through 1993 estimates, some logical inconsistency may exist between estimates for a given drug within the same survey year. For example, the number of past year users

of a drug shown here from the frequency of use in the past year question may differ from the estimated number of past year users based on the recency of use question. These inconsistencies tend to be small, rare and not

statistically significant.

1 For 1993 and earlier, "occasional" use is equivalent to use in the past year but on "fewer than 12 days" in this table. Also for 1993 and earlier, "monthly" use is equivalent to use on "12 or more days" in the past year in this table and "weekly" use is equivalent to use on "51 or more days" in the past year in this table.

2 The category of use on "12 or more days" includes "51 or more days" used; the sum of "fewer than 12 days and "12 or more days" users equals all past year users.

aDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between estimate and 1995 estimate is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office Of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

60628 (35B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 14. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 8.2b 10.9 13.3 14.2 8.5 8.3 3.2 2.8 6.0 6.1
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 8.5b 11.2 14.6 15.5 9.0 8.9 3.1 2.7 6.0 6.0
Black 8.3 10.7 12.8 13.5 10.2 9.1 4.4 5.0 7.3 7.9
Hispanic 8.1 9.4 9.1 8.2 5.7 6.3 2.9 1.9 5.4 5.1
Other 2.7a 11.2 * 14.5 3.2 1.5 * * 3.1 4.0
SEX
Male 8.5b 12.1 17.1 17.0 11.6 11.2 4.3 3.8 7.9 7.8
Female 7.8 9.6 9.6 11.5 5.6 5.5 2.2 1.9 4.3 4.5
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 7.6a 10.3 14.0 15.5 9.1 8.9 3.0 2.3 6.1 6.1
Small Metro 10.4 11.4 13.5 15.1 8.3 9.1 3.9 3.2 6.6 6.6
Nonmetro 5.7b 11.2 11.8 10.5 7.5 5.8 2.4 2.9 4.8 5.3
REGION
Northeast 6.8 9.1 10.8a 16.9 7.8 6.3 2.7 1.7 5.1 4.9
North Central 9.2a 12.8 13.8 12.3 8.7 8.5 2.8 3.0 5.8 6.3
South 7.7 9.5 14.2 12.4 8.5 8.2 3.5 2.7 6.3 5.5
West 8.8a 12.0 13.6 16.5 9.0 10.0 3.5 3.8 6.6 7.8
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 15.8 18.0 13.3 12.7 2.2 2.9 5.8 6.7
High School Grad N/A N/A 12.8 15.3 9.3 8.5 3.2 2.9 5.9 5.7
Some College N/A N/A 14.0 13.6 7.7 8.8 3.5 2.9 6.4 6.4
College Graduate N/A N/A 9.3 7.6 5.8 5.2 3.8 2.4 4.7 3.5
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 12.4 13.2 8.6 7.8 4.6a 2.9 6.7a 5.5
Part-time N/A N/A 12.8 15.8 7.5 9.3 3.8 5.3 6.7 9.0
Unemployed N/A N/A 19.9 22.1 16.4 19.8 8.9 6.6 13.9 14.3
Other3 N/A N/A 13.3 11.8 5.8 5.7 0.8 1.7 2.7 3.1

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (41B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 15. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 6.0b 8.2 12.1 12.0 6.9 6.7 2.3 1.8 4.8 4.7
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 6.2a 8.4 13.3 13.1 7.4 7.4 2.3 1.8 4.8 4.7
Black 6.4 7.6 12.0 12.1 7.4 7.4 3.4 3.1 5.9 5.9
Hispanic 6.0 7.7 7.7 7.1 4.5 4.2 1.8 1.2 4.1 3.9
Other 2.1 9.3 * 8.3 3.2 1.5 * * 3.0 2.8
SEX
Male 6.8a 9.0 15.6 14.8 9.9 9.6 3.5 2.6 6.7 6.2
Female 5.2a 7.4 8.7 9.2 4.0 4.0 1.3 1.1 3.1 3.3
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 5.8a 8.5 12.7 13.2 7.4 7.3 2.2 1.6 5.0 4.9
Small Metro 7.8 7.9 12.4 12.3 6.4 7.3 3.2 2.3 5.4 5.1
Nonmetro 3.8b 8.1 10.4 8.9 6.4 4.8 1.4 1.4 3.7 3.6
REGION
Northeast 5.4 7.7 10.1a 15.5 7.0 5.0 2.1 1.2 4.3 4.1
North Central 7.4 10.2 11.9 10.2 6.9 7.0 2.1 1.8 4.6 4.7
South 5.2 6.7 13.1 10.3 6.5 6.8 2.8 1.6 5.1 4.1
West 6.4 8.7 12.4 13.3 7.4 7.9 2.2 2.8 5.1 6.0
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 14.8 15.3 10.7 10.8 1.4 1.4 4.7 4.9
High School Grad N/A N/A 11.3 12.3 7.4 7.0 2.0 1.6 4.6 4.2
Some College N/A N/A 12.5 11.6 6.1 6.8 3.0 2.2 5.5 5.1
College Graduate N/A N/A 9.3 7.5 5.0 4.2 3.1 2.1 4.0 3.0
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 10.9 10.9 7.3 6.3 3.6a 2.0 5.5a 4.2
Part-time N/A N/A 11.5 14.0 5.3 8.1 2.7 3.9 5.4 7.5
Unemployed N/A N/A 18.8 19.8 12.2 17.1 5.0 5.8 10.8 12.6
Other3 N/A N/A 12.5 9.3 4.2 3.8 0.5 0.7 2.2 1.9


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (44B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 16. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cocaine, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 0.3a 0.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 0.3 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6
Black 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.7 3.2 1.8 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1
Hispanic 0.7 0.8 2.2 1.1 1.4 1.7 0.7a 0.1 1.1 0.7
Other * * * * * * * * * 0.3
SEX
Male 0.3 0.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.6 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.0
Female 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 0.4 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.7
Small Metro 0.2 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8
Nonmetro 0.4 0.4 1.0 1.5 1.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5
REGION
Northeast * 0.2 1.0 1.5 0.7 1.5 0.4 * 0.5 0.5
North Central 0.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7
South 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8
West 0.6 0.8 1.5 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.7
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 2.6 1.7 2.8 2.5 0.8 0.8 1.4 1.2
High School Grad N/A N/A 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.8
Some College N/A N/A 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6
College Graduate N/A N/A 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.5 * * 0.2 0.2
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7
Part-time N/A N/A 1.0 1.6 1.8 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.8
Unemployed N/A N/A 3.3 1.9 3.7 5.0 3.5 * 3.5 2.1
Other3 N/A N/A 0.9 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (47B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 17. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Alcohol, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 21.6 21.1 63.1 61.3 65.3 63.0 54.1 52.6 53.9 52.2
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 23.9 22.9 68.2 66.7 68.6 67.5 56.2 55.4 56.7 55.6
Black 18.2 15.5 51.5 47.8 59.2 55.0 42.4 40.2 43.8 40.8
Hispanic 18.3 18.7 53.6 49.3 56.6 53.5 50.0 47.8 47.7 45.2
Other 7.4a 18.7 * * 50.6 * * * 42.0 36.9
SEX
Male 22.1 22.5 70.9 68.2 73.9 70.3 60.9 62.4 60.3 60.1
Female 21.1 19.6 55.3 54.7 57.1 56.0 48.1 44.1 47.9 45.0
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 21.2 20.6 61.6 62.4 66.8 66.8 58.0 57.5 56.6 56.3
Small Metro 22.1 20.1 64.8 61.4 66.8 62.7 54.6 51.7 54.4 51.5
Nonmetro 21.9 23.0 63.7 59.1 58.4 54.9 45.9 45.3 47.6 45.8
REGION
Northeast 19.9 21.2 61.1a 67.9 70.2 64.1 56.9 53.4 56.3 54.0
North Central 22.5 24.1 65.8 65.4 67.5 68.1 57.3 61.2 56.2 58.6
South 21.4 19.6 62.5 59.2 61.6 59.5 47.9 45.1 49.6 46.7
West 22.4 19.8 63.1 55.8 64.7 62.1 58.0 55.3 56.0 52.6
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 52.1 53.1 57.0 55.3 39.1 36.1 43.6 41.5
High School Grad N/A N/A 57.9 57.9 62.8 61.0 51.6 48.9 54.8 52.4
Some College N/A N/A 68.9 64.5 66.0 62.0 58.4 58.3 62.0 60.4
College Graduate N/A N/A 80.4 74.1 72.0 70.6 66.9 66.3 69.2 67.9
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 70.4 69.2 70.5 67.5 62.4 62.0 65.6 64.3
Part-time N/A N/A 61.0 56.4 60.1 55.9 67.9a 57.2 64.9a 56.8
Unemployed N/A N/A 55.5 59.6 65.2 62.7 57.7 64.8 59.0 62.8
Other3 N/A N/A 53.4 50.2 46.0 48.5 39.3 38.6 41.5 40.8

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (48B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 18. Percentages Reporting Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 8.3 7.9 33.6 29.9 24.0 24.0 11.8 11.8 16.5 15.8
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 10.4 8.9 39.5a 34.2 26.1 26.7 11.4 11.9 17.1 16.6
Black 3.5 3.0 16.5 15.7 16.3 15.7 10.4 10.5 11.5 11.2
Hispanic 4.8 7.4 25.9 22.7 23.6 21.4 16.8 16.1 18.3 17.2
Other * 8.7 16.0 27.0 9.6 10.3 * * 13.0 9.7
SEX
Male 9.5 9.4 46.6 41.2 36.2 35.5 19.0 18.9 24.7 23.8
Female 7.1 6.2 21.1 18.9 12.5 13.0 5.5 5.5 8.9 8.5
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 8.3 6.8 32.4 30.2 24.8 24.3 12.7 12.8 17.2 16.6
Small Metro 7.8 6.8 33.8 29.2 24.0 25.9 13.0 11.6 16.9 15.9
Nonmetro 9.2 10.8 35.9 30.3 22.0 20.6 8.4 10.2 14.4 14.3
REGION
Northeast 7.0 7.1 30.2 30.5 25.3 22.3 12.1 9.3 16.3 13.8
North Central 8.6 8.8 38.2 35.6 28.2 29.1 12.1 16.0 17.5 19.9
South 8.1 7.8 34.2 28.0 22.2 23.3 12.1 9.7 16.5 14.1
West 9.3 7.5 31.4 26.8 21.6 21.8 10.8 13.1 15.5 16.1
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 30.2 27.3 27.5 27.0 11.5 9.6 16.6 14.9
High School Grad N/A N/A 29.9 27.8 24.5 24.0 12.5 13.1 17.7 17.2
Some College N/A N/A 39.7 32.8 22.3 22.3 13.4 13.5 20.3 19.4
College Graduate N/A N/A 34.8 32.0 23.1 24.1 9.8 10.4 15.0 15.2
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 38.2 34.9 27.7 27.4 15.5 16.2 21.7 21.5
Part-time N/A N/A 33.2b 23.5 17.0 16.4 12.1 11.1 18.3 15.5
Unemployed N/A N/A 29.6 32.8 27.5 27.9 22.7 23.4 25.9 27.2
Other3 N/A N/A 26.8 24.5 11.2 13.2 6.3 5.5 9.1 8.1

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (49B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 19. Percentages Reporting Past Month Heavy Alcohol Use, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 2.5 2.8 13.2 12.0 8.0 7.9 4.8 3.9 6.2 5.5
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 3.0 3.2 15.7 14.1 8.4 8.6 4.6 3.8 6.4 5.7
Black 1.4 0.9 7.0 5.5 6.4 6.3 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.6
Hispanic 1.6 2.3 8.7 8.0 8.6 8.1 7.9 6.0 7.3 6.3
Other * 3.0 5.2 9.1 4.0 1.5 * * 4.7 2.4
SEX
Male 3.1 3.5 20.3 19.1 13.5 13.0 8.3 7.2 10.3 9.4
Female 1.9 1.9 6.3 5.0 2.8 3.0 1.7a 1.0 2.5 2.0
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 2.3 2.3 10.9 12.5 8.3 7.5 4.8 3.9 6.1 5.6
Small Metro 2.3 2.3 14.7 11.8 7.1 9.4 5.8 4.2 6.7 5.9
Nonmetro 3.5 4.0 15.7 11.1 8.6 6.7 3.4 3.5 5.9 4.9
REGION
Northeast 1.6 2.3 11.8 13.8 6.8 6.8 4.7 3.0 5.7 4.9
North Central 2.9 3.5 13.9 15.4 10.7 10.0 5.5 5.0 7.1 7.0
South 2.9 2.9 13.4 11.7 8.4 7.5 5.1a 3.0 6.6a 4.8
West 2.4 2.2 13.3a 7.8 5.6 7.4 3.6 5.2 5.2 5.6
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 14.4a 10.1 12.2 12.7 6.1 5.3 8.2 7.1
High School Grad N/A N/A 13.0 11.3 8.5 8.3 5.5 5.5 7.3 6.9
Some College N/A N/A 14.7 13.4 7.0 6.8 5.2a 2.3 7.4 5.6
College Graduate N/A N/A 8.2 13.0 6.0 5.8 2.4 1.9 3.7 3.7
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 14.2 13.4 9.3 8.4 5.7 5.2 7.8 7.1
Part-time N/A N/A 11.5 9.0 5.9 6.2 4.8 5.0 6.7 6.3
Unemployed N/A N/A 14.3 14.0 9.8 13.4 10.3 6.9 11.3 10.6
Other3 N/A N/A 12.4 11.1 2.8 4.7 3.3 1.8 4.3 3.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (52B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 20. Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: 1994 and 1995
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
Demographic

Characteristic



1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995


1994


1995
TOTAL 18.9 20.2 34.6 35.3 32.4 34.7 27.9 27.2 28.6 28.8
RACE/

ETHNICITY

White 22.0 22.9 38.5 38.6 33.8 37.3 27.5 27.0 29.4 29.7
Black 11.5 11.8 24.9 24.1 32.1 34.4 32.5 31.4 28.4 28.1
Hispanic 14.4 15.5 27.9 28.0 29.3 26.7 26.9 25.2 25.8 24.7
Other 7.1a 19.9 23.5a 38.8 17.3 16.7 24.2 * 20.5 23.5
SEX
Male 19.6 20.8 37.1 38.1 35.4 37.0 31.3 29.5 31.5 31.0
Female 18.2 19.7 32.3 32.5 29.5 32.4 24.9 25.2 26.0 26.8
POPULATION

DENSITY1

Large Metro 16.4 17.8 33.0 31.9 30.7 31.1 25.4 26.4 26.6 27.2
Small Metro 21.3 20.2 38.8 35.7 31.7 36.5 28.5 24.6 29.6 27.6
Nonmetro 19.7a 24.0 32.5b 41.3 38.5 40.0 31.5 32.0 31.3 33.4
REGION
Northeast 17.8 18.3 32.0 38.5 29.1 32.0 28.3 26.3 27.9 28.0
North Central 20.2 23.6 38.6 40.3 35.8 36.5 28.8 30.2 30.2 31.8
South 20.1 19.7 37.4 35.6 34.1 37.5 28.8 27.2 30.0 29.2
West 16.6 18.7 28.8 27.9 29.0 31.4 24.8 24.5 25.2 25.7
ADULT

EDUCATION2

<High School N/A N/A 46.1 51.2 55.2 54.9 32.2 29.4 37.5 36.5
High School Grad N/A N/A 36.9 38.6 39.3 40.5 33.4 32.3 35.1 34.8
Some College N/A N/A 31.8 27.8 29.4 31.8 28.5 31.5 29.3 30.8
College Graduate N/A N/A 17.2 22.0 15.0a 19.2 16.0 15.2 15.9 16.7
CURRENT

EMPLOYMENT2

Full-time N/A N/A 38.2 37.2 31.5 33.6 30.8 30.5 32.0 32.2
Part-time N/A N/A 28.7 30.9 26.8 33.2 23.9 25.7 25.6 28.5
Unemployed N/A N/A 45.0 48.6 43.8 51.3 46.5 38.6 45.4 44.7
Other3 N/A N/A 29.5 30.5 35.9 34.2 23.9 22.4 25.7 24.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 Data on adult education and current employment not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for both adult education and current employment are for persons aged > 18.

3 Retired, disabled, homemaker, student, or "other."

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (26B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 21. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Detailed Age Categories: 1994 and 1995
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Age Group 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Total 34.4 34.2 10.8 10.7 6.0 6.1
12-17 Years Old 20.3 22.2 15.5a 18.0 8.2b 10.9
12-13 9.4 9.1 6.8 6.9 3.8 4.5
14-15 20.0a 23.9 15.2a 19.4 6.9b 12.7
16-17 32.8 34.2 25.5 28.3 14.5 15.6
18-25 Years Old 46.3 45.8 24.6 25.5 13.3 14.2
18-20 40.7 42.4 28.8 30.5 15.5 18.0
21-25 49.8 47.8 22.0 22.8 12.0 12.1
26-34 Years Old 56.1 54.8 14.8 14.6 8.5 8.3
26-29 53.6 53.3 15.4 15.4 8.7 8.6
30-34 57.9 55.9 14.4 14.0 8.4 8.1
35 Years and Older 27.7 27.9 5.7 5.0 3.2 2.8
35-39 58.4 55.4 14.4 11.6 7.7 6.6
40-44 52.4 48.5 9.1 8.9 5.0 4.4
45-49 35.8 32.5 6.3 5.3 3.4 2.5
>50 7.9 11.5 1.5 1.6 1.1 1.1


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (28B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 22. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Detailed Age Categories: 1994 and 1995
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Age Group 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Total 31.1 31.0 8.5 8.4 4.8 4.7
12-17 Years Old 13.6b 16.2 11.4b 14.2 6.0b 8.2
12-13 3.4 4.6 2.9 3.8 1.9 2.2
14-15 12.0b 16.6 10.6b 14.7 5.0b 9.7
16-17 26.7 28.1 21.7 24.5 11.8 13.0
18-25 Years Old 41.9 41.4 21.8 21.8 12.1 12.0
18-20 36.1 35.9 25.9 25.8 14.3 15.2
21-25 45.5 44.4 19.2 19.6 10.7 10.1
26-34 Years Old 52.7 51.8 11.5 11.8 6.9 6.7
26-29 49.3 49.9 12.0 12.6 7.1 7.2
30-34 55.2 53.1 11.1 11.1 6.7 6.4
35 Years and Older 25.4 25.3 4.1 3.4 2.3 1.8
35-39 54.7 52.8 10.6 8.1 6.0 4.6
40-44 49.4 45.8 6.3 6.1 3.5 3.3
45-49 33.1 30.6 5.4 3.5 2.9 1.9
>50 6.5 8.8 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.4


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (29B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 23. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Cocaine, by Detailed Age Categories: 1994 and 1995
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Age Group 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Total 10.4 10.3 1.7 1.7 0.7 0.7
12-17 Years Old 1.7 2.0 1.1 1.7 0.3a 0.8
12-13 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.7
14-15 1.7 2.0 1.0 1.7 0.3 0.9
16-17 2.8 3.4 1.8 2.5 0.5 0.7
18-25 Years Old 12.1a 9.8 3.6 4.3 1.2 1.3
18-20 7.1 7.9 3.6 4.8 1.3 1.4
21-25 15.2b 10.8 3.6 4.1 1.2 1.2
26-34 Years Old 23.0 21.6 3.5 3.1 1.3 1.2
26-29 20.9 18.0 3.9 3.1 1.6 0.9
30-34 24.4 24.1 3.2 3.0 1.1 1.3
35 Years and Older 7.9 8.6 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.4
35-39 23.1 23.4 2.7 2.5 0.9 1.2
40-44 14.8 18.4 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.5
45-49 6.4 5.8 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.4
>50 1.0 1.5 0.2 0.1 * 0.1


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (32B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 24. Percentages Reporting Past Month Alcohol Use, Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use, and Past Month Heavy Alcohol Use, by Detailed Age

Categories: 1994 and 1995
LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Alcohol Use "Binge" Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
Age Group 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Total 53.9 52.2 16.5 15.8 6.2 5.5
12-17 Years Old 21.6 21.1 8.3 7.9 2.5 2.8
12-13 8.9 8.4 1.8 1.6 0.3 0.4
14-15 21.6 21.3 7.6 7.8 2.6 2.8
16-17 35.7 34.1 16.4 14.7 4.9 5.3
18-25 Years Old 63.1 61.3 33.6 29.9 13.2 12.0
18-20 54.6 52.1 31.8 27.6 14.5 11.8
21-25 68.3 66.5 34.8 31.2 12.4 12.1
26-34 Years Old 65.3 63.0 24.0 24.0 8.0 7.9
26-29 64.9 64.9 25.8 27.1 8.9 9.3
30-34 65.6a 61.7 22.7 21.8 7.3 6.9
35 Years and Older 54.1 52.6 11.8 11.8 4.8 3.9
35-39 65.0 63.3 18.9 19.4 7.3 6.3
40-44 60.1 61.1 15.5 17.7 4.7 5.0
45-49 60.4 54.8 14.3 13.3 6.2 6.1
>50 47.0 46.0 7.7 7.2 3.7 2.2


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (31B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 25. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Detailed Age Categories: 1994 and 1995
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Age Group 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Total 73.3 71.8 31.7 32.0 28.6 28.8
12-17 Years Old 37.6 38.1 24.5 26.6 18.9 20.2
12-13 22.1 20.2 13.7 13.6 9.4 10.7
14-15 37.2a 42.6 25.2 29.2 19.7 20.5
16-17 55.1 52.1 35.8 37.4 28.6 30.1
18-25 Years Old 69.1 67.7 41.1 42.5 34.6 35.3
18-20 67.0 65.2 44.3 45.1 36.4 36.9
21-25 70.3 69.2 39.1 41.0 33.5 34.4
26-34 Years Old 75.9 75.8 36.0 38.4 32.4 34.7
26-29 72.5 74.4 34.7a 39.0 30.7a 34.8
30-34 78.4 76.8 37.0 38.0 33.6 34.5
35 Years and Older 79.8 77.5 29.6 28.7 27.9 27.2
35-39 81.7a 77.0 37.8 41.0 35.2 38.6
40-44 79.5 80.9 34.2 33.9 32.0 32.3
45-49 83.8 80.9 34.9 31.2 31.8 29.4
>50 78.3 75.9 24.2 22.5 23.2 21.3


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (17A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 26A. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Users of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Parental Status: Annual Averages Based on 1994 and 1995 Samples

Females Aged 15-44
Used in Lifetime Used in Past Year Used in Past Month
Not Pregnant Not Pregnant Not Pregnant




Drug


Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21



Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21



Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21

Any Illicit Drug2 1,222 11,303 3,131 10,998 269 4,731 673 2,412 62 2,362 389 1,210
Marijuana and Hashish 1,133 10,189 2,917 10,183 227 3,839 471 1,563 40 1,932 302 826
Cocaine 381 3,327 1,024 3,249 59 661 82 380 11 238 27 150
Crack 89 520 182 432 26 216 32 108 11 87 11 47
Inhalants 125 2,030 312 1,051 25 546 23 51 9 146 12 23
Hallucinogens 289 3,186 794 2,418 32 808 53 120 4 341 18 69
PCP 85 783 247 932 6 82 2 7 * 13 2 3
LSD 185 2,439 656 1,846 20 533 32 25 * 143 7 6
Heroin 20 240 19 216 6 73 3 26 3 26 3 6
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic3



370


3,302


815


3,299


59


1,291


253


927


28


425


89


346
Stimulants 173 1,279 305 1,391 21 342 60 178 5 133 24 81
Sedatives 79 620 192 808 * 124 15 93 * 58 6 39
Tranquilizers 144 1,285 356 1,319 37 404 100 346 8 106 32 118
Analgesics 202 2,045 454 1,870 29 853 184 591 16 230 59 184
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana2

656 6,482 1,727 5,548 132 2,341 357 1,279 48 982 138 539
Alcohol 2,365 21,085 5,730 20,139 1,746 18,749 4,497 16,357 581 14,649 3,238 12,552
"Binge" Alcohol Use4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 77 4,570 583 2,169
Heavy Alcohol Use4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9 1,302 120 480
Cigarettes 1,895 17,074 4,656 16,968 833 9,399 2,071 8,135 587 8,078 1,868 7,611
Smokeless Tobacco 132 1,931 351 861 20 266 14 93 4 133 4 47

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 The respondent and the child(ren) both (all) reside in the same household.

2 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter drugs.

4 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (17B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 26B. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Parental Status: Annual Averages Based on 1994 and 1995 Samples

Females Aged 15-44
Used in Lifetime Used in Past Year Used in Past Month
Not Pregnant Not Pregnant Not Pregnant




Drug


Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21



Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21



Pregnant


No

Children

Has

Child Aged <21

All

Children Aged >21

Any Illicit Drug2 44.8 44.3 44.5 48.4 9.9 18.6 9.6 10.6 2.3 9.3 5.5 5.3
Marijuana and Hashish 41.5 40.0 41.5 44.8 8.3 15.1 6.7 6.9 1.5 7.6 4.3 3.6
Cocaine 13.9 13.0 14.6 14.3 2.2 2.6 1.2 1.7 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.7
Crack 3.2 2.0 2.6 1.9 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 4.6 8.0 4.4 4.6 0.9 2.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 10.6 12.5 11.3 10.6 1.2 3.2 0.7 0.5 0.2 1.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 3.1 3.1 3.5 4.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
LSD 6.8 9.6 9.3 8.1 0.7 2.1 0.5 0.1 * 0.6 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic3



13.6


13.0


11.6


14.5


2.2


5.1


3.6


4.1


1.0


1.7


1.3


1.5
Stimulants 6.4 5.0 4.3 6.1 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.4
Sedatives 2.9 2.4 2.7 3.6 * 0.5 0.2 0.4 * 0.2 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.8 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Analgesics 7.4 8.0 6.5 8.2 1.1 3.3 2.6 2.6 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8
Any Illicit Drug

other than Marijuana2

24.0 25.4 24.5 24.4 4.8 9.2 5.1 5.6 1.8 3.9 2.0 2.4
Alcohol 86.7 82.7 81.5 88.7 64.0 73.5 63.9 72.0 21.3 57.5 46.0 55.3
"Binge" Alcohol Use4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2.9 18.5 8.6 9.9
Heavy Alcohol Use4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.3 5.3 1.8 2.2
Cigarettes 69.5 67.0 66.2 74.7 30.5 36.9 29.4 35.8 21.5 31.7 26.6 33.5
Smokeless Tobacco 4.9 7.6 5.0 3.8 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

-- Not available.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 The respondent and the child(ren) both (all) reside in the same household.

2 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter drugs.

4 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (18B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 27. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Annual Averages Based on 1994 and 1995 Samples
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Demographic

Characteristics



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant

TOTAL 44.8 46.0 9.9 14.1 2.3 7.2
AGE
15-25 43.0 38.7 16.5 22.2 3.5 11.6
26-44 46.0 49.6 5.2 10.3 1.4 5.0
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 51.3 53.2 10.3 15.7 2.3 7.8
Black 37.8 32.6 9.1 13.0 2.1 7.7
Hispanic 25.7 25.1 7.2 8.9 1.4 4.3
MARITAL STATUS
Married 43.2 46.7 6.5 8.3 1.2 4.1
Not Married 48.6 45.3 17.8 20.2 4.9 10.4
Never Married 47.2 41.6 19.6 21.2 5.2 10.7
Divorced, Separated * 56.7 * 17.4 * 9.4
POPULATION DENSITY1
Large Metro 40.3 45.8 7.2 13.9 2.0 7.2
Small Metro 53.3 48.7 12.6 14.6 1.7 7.4
Nonmetro 39.7 42.8 10.7 14.0 3.8 6.8
PARENTAL STATUS
No Children 46.0 44.3 14.5 18.6 3.1 9.3
Has Child Aged <22 45.8 44.5 7.1 9.6 1.3 5.5
All Children Aged >22 43.2 48.4 6.2 10.6 1.8 5.3
TRIMESTER3
First 43.5 N/A 11.0 N/A 5.2 N/A
Second 48.0 N/A 12.9 N/A 1.7 N/A
Third 41.1 N/A 5.7 N/A 0.5 N/A
ADULT EDUCATION4
<High School 48.4 42.6 13.0 16.4 3.2 10.3
High School Grad 45.8 46.2 8.7 13.8 3.0 7.2
Some College 37.2 49.8 6.4 13.1 1.4 5.8
College Graduate 45.0 51.0 5.6 10.5 * 4.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

NOTE: The sum of the pregnant and not pregnant females aged 15-44 is less than the total of all females aged 15-44 because of item nonresponse to the pregnancy question.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 The respondent and the child(ren) both (all) reside in the same household.

3 Trimester not reported by all pregnant respondents.

4 Data on adult education not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for adult education are for persons aged 18 to 44.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (22B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 28. Percentages Reporting Past Month Alcohol Use, Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use, and Past Month Heavy Alcohol Use in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Annual Averages Based on 1994 and 1995 Samples
LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Alcohol Use "Binge" Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
Demographic

Characteristics



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant

TOTAL 21.3 55.1 2.9 13.7 0.3 3.6
AGE
15-25 17.7 50.1 2.1 18.3 0.3 5.2
26-44 23.8 57.5 3.5 11.5 0.3 2.8
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 24.4 60.6 2.7 15.8 * 4.0
Black 14.6 45.0 2.3 8.2 * 2.6
Hispanic 11.9 39.1 2.1 9.0 * 2.5
MARITAL STATUS
Married 20.1 54.9 2.7 8.9 * 1.6
Not Married 24.3 55.3 3.5 18.7 0.8 5.6
Never Married 22.2 53.4 2.9 18.9 0.8 5.6
Divorced, Separated * 61.2 * 18.2 * 5.5
POPULATION DENSITY1
Large Metro 25.9 56.1 3.3 13.5 0.3 3.3
Small Metro 17.6 56.1 2.4 14.1 * 3.7
Nonmetro 18.5 51.8 3.0 13.5 * 3.9
PARENTAL STATUS
No Children 23.4 57.5 2.4 18.5 * 5.3
Has Child Aged <22 16.8 46.0 1.3 8.6 * 1.8
All Children Aged >22 20.8 55.3 4.1 9.9 0.4 2.2
TRIMESTER3
First 29.7 N/A 6.4 N/A 0.9 N/A
Second 11.2 N/A 2.4 N/A * N/A
Third 16.9 N/A * N/A * N/A
ADULT EDUCATION4
<High School 20.7 46.7 4.5 16.5 1.2 5.7
High School Grad 19.1 54.3 1.2 14.2 * 3.6
Some College 23.9 59.9 * 15.0 * 3.9
College Graduate 22.0 66.3 * 11.1 * 2.1


*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

NOTE: The sum of the pregnant and not pregnant females aged 15-44 is less than the total of all females aged 15-44 because of item nonresponse to the pregnancy question.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 The respondent and the child(ren) both (all) reside in the same household.

3 Trimester not reported by all pregnant respondents.

4 Data on adult education not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for adult education are for persons aged 18 to 44.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (23B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 29. Percentages Reporting Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month Use of Cigarettes in the U.S. Population of Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy

Status and Demographic Characteristics: Annual Averages Based on 1994 and 1995 Samples
TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
Demographic

Characteristics



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant



Pregnant
Not

Pregnant

TOTAL 69.5 70.1 30.5 35.5 21.5 31.8
AGE
15-25 66.7 60.4 42.1 37.4 28.1 30.9
26-44 71.4 74.7 22.4 34.6 16.8 32.2
RACE/ETHNICITY
White 78.5 76.7 33.4 38.7 23.5 34.6
Black 55.2 58.1 28.2 31.2 21.9 28.9
Hispanic 47.4 51.5 20.2 25.3 13.9 21.7
MARITAL STATUS
Married 70.1 72.9 25.4 29.8 17.0 27.2
Not Married 67.9 67.1 42.6 41.4 32.2 36.5
Never Married 66.7 62.5 42.4 37.7 31.5 32.2
Divorced, Separated * 80.7 * 52.4 * 49.8
POPULATION DENSITY1
Large Metro 65.5 67.9 23.9 33.1 15.5 29.5
Small Metro 77.4 71.3 36.6 36.1 26.0 32.4
Nonmetro 64.5 72.5 33.6 39.3 25.8 35.5
PARENTAL STATUS
No Children 66.0 67.0 32.6 36.9 20.7 31.7
Has Child Aged <22 66.4 66.2 34.0 29.4 26.3 26.6
All Children Aged >22 74.1 74.7 27.1 35.8 20.5 33.5
TRIMESTER3
First 66.5 N/A 40.4 N/A 31.0 N/A
Second 70.4 N/A 30.9 N/A 20.2 N/A
Third 67.4 N/A 24.1 N/A 16.8 N/A
ADULT EDUCATION4
<High School 68.0 70.3 49.9 53.2 44.9 50.7
High School Grad 68.0 74.2 31.0 39.6 23.8 37.1
Some College 72.7 74.3 27.7 35.2 13.2 30.2
College Graduate 67.4 68.3 12.5 20.1 6.6 16.9

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

NOTE: The sum of the pregnant and not pregnant females aged 15-44 is less than the total of all females aged 15-44 because of item nonresponse to the pregnancy question.

1 Population density is based on 1990 MSA classifications and their 1990 Census of Population counts.

2 The respondent and the child(ren) both (all) reside in the same household.

3 Trimester not reported by all pregnant respondents.

4 Data on adult education not shown for persons aged 12-17. Estimates for adult education are for persons aged 18 to 44.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (73B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 30. Percentages of Past Month Users of Cigarettes or Alcohol in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older Reporting Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco, by Levels of Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: 1995
USE OF CIGARETTES OR ALCOHOL IN PAST MONTH
Cigarette Use In Past Month Level of Alcohol Use In Past Month


Drug


Any Use


No Use


Heavy Use3
"Binge" Use But Not Heavy Use3 Use But Not

"Binge" Use3



No Use
Any Illicit Drug1 13.6 3.0 24.9 17.9 5.5 1.9
Marijuana and Hashish 11.2 2.0 22.1 15.1 4.1 0.9
Cocaine 1.7 0.3 4.2 1.8 0.6 0.1
Crack 0.5 0.1 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.1
Inhalants 1.0 0.2 1.7 1.1 0.3 0.3
Hallucinogens 1.6 0.3 3.8 3.0 0.4 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.2 * 0.0 0.0
LSD 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.7 0.2 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



2.7


0.6


3.9


2.3


1.3


0.7
Stimulants 0.9 0.2 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.1
Sedatives 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.0 0.1 1.4 0.8 0.4 0.1
Analgesics 1.3 0.3 1.9 1.2 0.4 0.5
Any Illicit Drug

Other than Marijuana1



5.8


1.3


10.8


7.0


2.2


1.2
Alcohol 66.4 46.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 30.2 10.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Heavy Alcohol Use3 12.6 2.7 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cigarettes N/A N/A 64.5 48.7 28.2 20.3
Smokeless Tobacco 4.2 2.9 9.0 6.5 3.0 2.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

Source: SAMHSA, Office Of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1995.

60628 (74B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 31. Percentages of Past Month Users of Cigarettes or Alcohol in the U.S. Population Aged 12 to 17 Reporting Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco, by Levels of Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: 1995
USE OF CIGARETTES OR ALCOHOL IN PAST MONTH
Cigarette Use In Past Month Level of Alcohol Use In Past Month


Drug


Any Use


No Use


Heavy Use3
"Binge" Use But Not Heavy Use3 Use But Not

"Binge" Use3



No Use
Any Illicit Drug1 35.3 4.7 54.9 49.1 27.0 4.3
Marijuana and Hashish 29.2 2.9 * 43.3 21.1 2.4
Cocaine 3.2 0.2 * 4.9 * 0.2
Crack 0.9 * * 0.8 0.2 0.1
Inhalants 7.1 0.9 13.1 8.5 4.5 1.0
Hallucinogens 6.9 0.4 20.8 9.5 3.8 0.4
PCP 0.2 0.1 2.4 * * 0.0
LSD 3.5 0.2 * 3.9 1.9 0.2
Heroin 0.9 0.0 * * 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Any

Psychotherapeutic2



4.3


0.9


6.6


4.2


2.9


1.0
Stimulants 1.7 0.2 * 1.4 0.6 0.3
Sedatives 1.0 0.1 * * 0.9 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.1 * * 0.8 0.1
Analgesics 3.1 0.8 4.9 2.8 2.3 0.9
Any Illicit Drug

Other than Marijuana1



15.8


2.1


*


19.7


10.0


2.3
Alcohol 54.6 12.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A
"Binge" Alcohol Use3 27.0 3.2 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Heavy Alcohol Use3 10.2 0.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Cigarettes N/A N/A 73.1 64.7 43.8 11.6
Smokeless Tobacco 9.2 1.2 20.3 13.0 4.6 1.3

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

N/A: Not applicable.

NOTE: Estimates for 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1 Any Illicit Drug indicates use at least once of marijuana or hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens (including PCP and LSD), heroin, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other than Marijuana indicates use at least once of any of these listed drugs, regardless of marijuana use; marijuana users who also have used any of the other listed drugs are included.

2 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type stimulant, sedative, tranquilizer, or analgesic; does not include over-the-counter-drugs.

3 "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least one day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of five or more days in the past 30 days; all Heavy Alcohol Users are also "Binge" Alcohol Users.

Source: SAMHSA, Office Of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1995.

60628 (78A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 32. Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Lifetime Users of Specific Hallucinogens, Inhalants, Methamphetamine, Needles, and Heroin by Smoking or Sniffing/Snorting It in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, By Age Group: 1994 and 1995


Drug or Method of Administration
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Hallucinogens 875a 1,190 4,068 3,921 5,656 5,466 7,618a 9,553 18,217 20,129
PCP 214 356 705 829 1,966 1,641 3,026 3,892 5,911 6,718
LSD 736a 965 3,100 3,346 4,524 4,224 6,351 7,317 14,711 15,852
Peyote 69 121 391 276 743 734 2,225 3,133 3,429 4,264
Mescaline 91 82 537 512 1,428 1,291 3,889 4,918 5,944 6,802
Psilocybin (Mushrooms) 241 369 2,028 1,873 3,214 2,974 3,580a 5,252 9,063 10,468
"Ecstasy" (MDMA) 163 267 855 960 869 1,007 830 1,199 2,718 3,433
Inhalants 1,524 1,639 2,811 3,110 4,046b 3,132 3,797 4,135 12,178 12,016
Amyl Nitrite, "Poppers," Locker Room Odorizers, or "Rush" 188 143 841 832 2,425a 1,855 2,268 2,623 5,722 5,453
Correction Fluid, Degreaser, or Cleaning Fluid 340 365 366 475 307 140 199 449 1,211 1,429
Gasoline or Lighter

Fluid

601 693 563 655 490 511 570 402 2,225 2,260
Glue, Shoe Polish, or Toluene 633 654 428a 704 497 570 610 778 2,167 2,706
Halothane, Ether, or Other Anesthetics 72 80 95 147 111 94 86 335 364 655
Lacquer Thinner or Other Paint Solvents 337 407 269 246 183 181 162 188 952 1,021
Lighter Gases (Butane, Propane) 233 335 184 276 34 93 109 33 560 737
Nitrous Oxide or "Whippets" 332 312 1,396 1,729 1,810b 1,166 1,204 1,450 4,742 4,656
Spray Paints 284a 468 182 257 182 163 217 193 865 1,082
Other Aerosol Sprays 301 332 276 303 239a 108 307 221 1,123 964
Methamphetamine 121 169 480 515 1,306 1,385 1,918 2,607 3,825 4,676
Needle Use1 54 88 238 190 712 743 1,575 1,703 2,580 2,723
Heroin 68 151 212 208 563 523 1,240 1,568 2,083 2,451
Smoke Heroin 32 101 78 144 212 263 368a 879 691b 1,387
Sniff or Snort Heroin 20 71 77 139 311 317 619 848 1,027 1,374

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1Refers to lifetime use of a needle to inject a drug that was not prescribed, or that was taken only for the experience or feeling it caused.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (78B)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996


Table 33. Percentages Reporting Lifetime Use of Specific Hallucinogens, Inhalants, Methamphetamine, Needles, and Heroin by Smoking or Sniffing/Snorting It in the U.S. Population Aged 12 and Older, by Age Group: 1994 and 1995


Drug or Method of Administration
AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and Older Total
1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995
Hallucinogens 4.0a 5.4 14.5 14.1 15.5 15.2 6.2 7.6 8.7 9.5
PCP 1.0 1.6 2.5 3.0 5.4 4.6 2.5 3.1 2.8 3.2
LSD 3.4 4.3 11.1 12.0 12.4 11.7 5.2 5.8 7.0 7.5
Peyote 0.3 0.5 1.4 1.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 2.5 1.6 2.0
Mescaline 0.4 0.4 1.9 1.8 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.9 2.8 3.2
Psilocybin (Mushrooms) 1.1 1.7 7.2 6.7 8.8 8.3 2.9a 4.2 4.3 4.9
"Ecstasy" (MDMA) 0.8 1.2 3.1 3.5 2.4 2.8 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6
Inhalants 7.0 7.4 10.0 11.2 11.1b 8.7 3.1 3.3 5.8 5.7
Amyl Nitrite, "Poppers," Locker Room Odorizers, or "Rush" 0.9 0.6 3.0 3.0 6.6a 5.2 1.8 2.1 2.7 2.6
Correction Fluid, Degreaser, or Cleaning Fluid 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.7 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.7
Gasoline or Lighter

Fluid

2.8 3.1 2.0 2.4 1.3 1.4 0.5 0.3 1.1 1.1
Glue, Shoe Polish, or Toluene 2.9 2.9 1.5a 2.5 1.4 1.6 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.3
Halothane, Ether, or Other Anesthetics 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3
Lacquer Thinner or Other Paint Solvents 1.5 1.8 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5
Lighter Gases (Butane, Propane) 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3
Nitrous Oxide or "Whippets" 1.5 1.4 5.0 6.2 4.9b 3.2 1.0 1.2 2.3 2.2
Spray Paints 1.3a 2.1 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
Other Aerosol Sprays 1.4 1.5 1.0 1.1 0.7a 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5
Methamphetamine 0.6 0.8 1.7 1.9 3.6 3.8 1.6 2.1 1.8 2.2
Needle Use1 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.7 1.9 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3
Heroin 0.3 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2
Smoke Heroin 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.3a 0.7 0.3b 0.7
Sniff or Snort Heroin 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

NOTE: Estimates for 1994 and 1995 are derived from the new-version questionnaire.

1Refers to lifetime use of a needle to inject a drug that was not prescribed, or that was taken only for the experience or feeling it caused.

aDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .05 level.

bDifference between 1994 and 1995 is statistically significant at the .01 level.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (204A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 34. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Marijuana During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 102 * 0.4 4.4 0.4
1963 204 24.2 2.3 2.9 5.2
1964 283 19.0 4.4 7.4 1.9
1965 591 20.1 5.8 15.1 5.5
1966 779 19.7 10.5 21.5 0.4
1967 1429 20.3 14.7 43.0 0.9
1968 1460 20.0 15.5 41.5 *
1969 2447 19.7 34.8 60.1 *
1970 2905 19.0 38.9 71.6 12.5
1971 2826 19.1 43.8 60.1 19.9
1972 2721 17.7 46.2 67.3 4.5
1973 2942 17.8 59.9 61.1 7.9
1974 2810 18.5 55.8 55.6 7.8
1975 3188 18.9 69.3 55.2 10.8
1976 2690 18.5 59.2 51.9 10.3
1977 2910 18.5 68.7 54.8 7.3
1978 2974 17.6 81.0 52.4 8.6
1979 2629 17.6 65.2 58.4 4.0
1980 2631 18.7 60.5 60.3 7.1
1981 2083 17.8 56.3 41.0 4.4
1982 2099 17.7 59.9 39.8 6.7
1983 2050 17.5 56.2 42.3 2.7
1984 1978 20.9 47.9 37.2 5.6
1985 1805 17.2 53.2 40.5 1.6
1986 1943 21.4 50.6 44.6 1.8
1987 1933 17.8 49.9 49.7 2.4
1988 1499 17.4 39.9 39.7 1.5
1989 1409 17.6 38.2 33.3 4.0
1990 1410 17.3 38.0 38.7 0.9
1991 1399 17.2 38.0 35.7 0.9
1992 1737 17.5 47.9 41.7 0.7
1993 1909 16.9 56.5 44.2 1.0
19942 2251 16.3 74.2 42.1 3.4

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (205A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 35. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Cocaine During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 ** * ** ** **
1963 * * 0.7 ** **
1964 * * 1.1 0.7 **
1965 * * ** 0.3 **
1966 * * 0.4 2.4 1.7
1967 * * 0.2 0.1 **
1968 * * 0.2 1.1 **
1969 136 18.9 1.0 3.7 0.5
1970 351 18.2 3.6 9.0 **
1971 313 20.4 3.7 5.2 1.7
1972 269 19.4 2.3 6.5 **
1973 584 20.3 4.6 13.5 2.1
1974 596 22.1 3.5 15.0 0.2
1975 922 21.4 4.5 21.4 5.8
1976 636 21.1 4.5 13.3 3.0
1977 972 21.0 5.5 23.6 3.5
1978 849 21.5 6.0 16.9 3.2
1979 1177 21.4 6.1 24.7 7.5
1980 1353 21.1 9.2 29.8 6.7
1981 1365 22.1 8.4 27.0 9.3
1982 1370 21.2 9.5 28.7 8.8
1983 1233 22.2 9.1 23.0 8.8
1984 1401 22.2 12.7 24.9 11.9
1985 1114 22.2 7.7 22.5 10.2
1986 1217 22.4 9.7 25.7 7.3
1987 1027 22.0 9.4 21.3 6.5
1988 787 21.1 6.9 17.7 4.6
1989 852 22.3 5.4 20.5 5.5
1990 654 23.3 5.8 13.3 4.8
1991 491 21.2 4.5 11.9 2.5
1992 451 20.0 6.8 9.2 2.1
1993 567 19.9 7.0 12.8 2.6
19942 533 19.0 10.2 9.9 1.4

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (209A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 36. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Any Inhalant During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 ** * ** ** **
1963 * * 1.1 2.0 **
1964 * * 0.2 ** **
1965 161 15.1 2.8 3.4 **
1966 148 * 4.3 ** **
1967 108 * 4.5 0.1 **
1968 144 14.7 3.1 1.7 **
1969 143 16.4 4.6 1.1 **
1970 165 14.8 4.9 0.8 **
1971 193 17.0 3.8 2.8 **
1972 313 17.9 5.0 3.9 2.1
1973 275 16.7 5.3 4.0 0.4
1974 445 21.3 6.8 5.8 0.1
1975 305 17.1 6.3 4.4 **
1976 410 17.6 8.2 5.2 0.9
1977 500 17.8 9.8 5.6 0.5
1978 534 17.7 9.4 7.4 1.3
1979 396 17.9 8.6 4.6 1.3
1980 568 17.4 10.6 8.7 0.4
1981 485 20.0 6.7 6.1 2.8
1982 454 18.8 7.9 6.1 1.6
1983 504 19.9 7.2 6.5 1.5
1984 384 17.4 8.4 5.0 0.7
1985 349 16.1 9.0 4.8 **
1986 453 16.5 13.0 4.9 0.5
1987 359 16.6 9.2 4.6 0.4
1988 383 16.3 11.0 4.8 0.1
1989 411 17.3 11.4 4.3 1.1
1990 453 16.1 11.1 5.9 0.7
1991 428 15.2 11.2 4.8 0.1
1992 508 16.1 14.4 6.5 0.1
1993 701 16.3 21.5 8.3 0.5
19942 666 16.4 22.2 6.9 **

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (208A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 37. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Any Hallucinogen During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 ** * ** ** **
1963 * * 0.3 ** **
1964 * * 1.1 0.5 **
1965 91 * ** 4.0 **
1966 103 * 1.6 2.8 **
1967 115 * 1.3 3.1 **
1968 405 21.2 3.2 9.4 2.5
1969 550 18.0 12.6 8.3 0.9
1970 907 18.2 10.1 24.0 0.5
1971 845 19.5 12.2 16.0 4.4
1972 623 17.6 10.4 12.5 0.1
1973 769 17.7 16.2 10.9 1.6
1974 542 18.5 8.7 9.1 2.2
1975 847 19.6 9.7 18.2 1.6
1976 874 17.5 15.6 15.5 0.7
1977 651 18.1 11.6 9.8 2.6
1978 691 20.5 11.9 9.8 1.7
1979 743 18.6 10.0 15.8 1.0
1980 725 19.4 10.9 12.5 3.3
1981 661 18.5 9.5 13.1 1.2
1982 699 22.0 8.2 13.7 0.9
1983 573 18.6 9.7 11.4 0.6
1984 530 18.8 10.8 7.3 2.3
1985 505 19.2 7.9 10.4 1.2
1986 618 18.7 12.1 10.8 1.9
1987 623 20.1 9.0 12.2 2.2
1988 640 21.9 8.4 12.6 1.8
1989 667 18.9 11.7 14.5 1.4
1990 576 18.4 11.8 11.9 0.8
1991 586 18.4 11.2 13.0 0.3
1992 678 17.9 15.3 12.9 1.0
1993 818 18.1 16.4 16.1 1.8
19942 912 17.0 23.3 16.3 0.2

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (207A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 38. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Heroin During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 * * ** ** 0.3
1963 * * 0.3 ** **
1964 ** * ** ** **
1965 * * ** 1.0 **
1966 * * ** 0.9 **
1967 * * ** 0.1 1.7
1968 * * 0.5 0.4 **
1969 64 * 1.2 1.2 **
1970 177 * 0.8 5.6 **
1971 104 * 1.4 2.3 **
1972 90 17.5 1.3 1.8 **
1973 85 * 1.0 1.9 **
1974 116 24.2 0.4 1.7 2.0
1975 83 * 0.2 2.5 **
1976 40 19.9 0.3 0.8 0.3
1977 111 23.6 0.2 1.9 1.5
1978 39 18.3 0.2 1.0 **
1979 62 * 0.5 1.4 0.1
1980 73 18.7 0.4 1.4 0.3
1981 86 20.8 0.4 1.8 0.5
1982 44 21.1 0.3 0.8 0.3
1983 56 25.5 0.1 0.8 0.2
1984 81 26.4 0.2 0.8 1.0
1985 54 24.1 0.1 1.2 0.4
1986 83 19.1 1.9 1.0 0.2
1987 62 20.9 0.1 1.5 0.3
1988 72 22.4 0.3 1.3 0.4
1989 73 25.5 0.9 0.8 0.5
1990 46 25.4 0.1 0.7 0.6
1991 60 21.2 0.5 1.1 0.5
1992 29 19.2 0.6 0.3 0.2
1993 51 19.8 0.6 0.8 0.3
19942 122 20.3 2.1 1.4 1.0

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (203A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 39. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used Alcohol During Each Year 1962-1993, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 2403 18.6 56.2 127.4 88.7
1963 2326 17.4 56.7 133.6 17.9
1964 2819 18.8 45.6 202.6 25.0
1965 3362 18.0 66.6 202.9 *
1966 3791 17.5 63.2 235.6 65.1
1967 3670 17.6 75.9 214.3 32.3
1968 4051 18.2 80.3 229.8 *
1969 4291 18.0 85.3 249.6 *
1970 4530 17.4 94.6 293.1 42.1
1971 3809 17.3 78.4 247.3 46.3
1972 4610 16.8 110.9 263.0 31.8
1973 4530 16.8 103.4 278.9 32.9
1974 4142 17.4 98.8 239.5 44.4
1975 4474 17.2 108.2 290.9 22.3
1976 4050 16.4 110.4 236.5 15.7
1977 4432 17.5 114.0 261.7 31.1
1978 4431 17.1 121.1 246.6 40.0
1979 4004 17.0 117.8 236.4 28.0
1980 3883 17.5 111.0 247.7 29.4
1981 3666 16.6 111.8 233.0 24.7
1982 3663 17.2 115.1 203.8 42.1
1983 3725 16.7 120.9 223.9 31.1
1984 3689 17.1 124.6 208.2 26.6
1985 3414 16.5 126.4 194.6 24.5
1986 3657 16.8 124.7 231.6 28.4
1987 3151 17.4 110.5 188.4 23.0
1988 3433 16.6 119.8 208.7 23.8
1989 3214 16.0 126.7 166.6 19.3
1990 3579 16.5 134.8 209.6 16.2
1991 3329 16.2 124.8 203.7 22.5
1992 3852 16.2 154.2 224.1 26.2
19932 4158 15.9 171.9 238.5 14.6

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (201A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 40. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who First Used A Cigarette During Each Year 1962-1993, Their Mean Age at First Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 2539 15.4 99.2 110.7 17.8
1963 2608 14.7 110.9 73.6 7.5
1964 2801 15.2 94.5 120.5 3.5
1965 2985 16.3 96.1 111.8 33.4
1966 3203 16.7 92.8 158.1 17.6
1967 3395 15.0 129.1 111.2 0.5
1968 3270 15.3 108.2 118.4 *
1969 3246 15.5 102.7 128.7 *
1970 3495 16.7 109.0 126.6 *
1971 3626 15.2 124.8 113.5 13.7
1972 3892 15.3 126.0 107.6 32.5
1973 3611 15.2 128.4 83.1 14.6
1974 3780 15.0 139.1 87.6 10.7
1975 3614 15.4 133.6 91.2 5.4
1976 3305 15.4 119.5 80.6 5.5
1977 3366 15.8 127.7 89.5 12.2
1978 3182 15.4 115.4 80.6 7.3
1979 3027 15.5 118.2 81.2 5.0
1980 2891 15.4 109.2 77.4 9.0
1981 2815 15.7 112.1 64.8 9.4
1982 2848 15.4 103.0 72.7 14.5
1983 2657 15.0 106.1 65.1 3.9
1984 2508 15.5 90.8 64.8 10.0
1985 2991 15.5 114.9 81.2 12.0
1986 2766 15.8 101.3 85.2 8.7
1987 2533 16.2 96.8 68.6 7.7
1988 2626 15.5 109.2 66.8 9.4
1989 2564 17.0 101.6 60.5 8.9
1990 2716 15.5 111.2 69.4 8.4
1991 2636 16.0 108.1 68.6 11.0
1992 2722 15.5 124.3 65.6 7.0
19932 3005 15.9 125.4 87.4 6.7

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

60628 (202A)

PRELIMINARY DATA - AS OF JUNE 1996

Table 41. Estimated Number (in Thousands) of Persons Who Began Daily Cigarette Use During Each Year 1962-1994, Their Mean Age at First Daily Use, and Annual Age-Specific Rates of First Daily Use (per 1000 Person-Years of Exposure), Based on 1994 and 1995 NHSDAs
AGE-SPECIFIC RATE OF FIRST USE1


YEAR
INITIATES

(1000s)

MEAN

AGE



12-17


18-25


26-34
1962 1705 17.7 56.6 139.3 *
1963 1362 19.1 40.3 94.2 *
1964 1248 17.6 31.5 101.5 4.4
1965 1731 17.9 38.1 136.6 *
1966 1635 17.4 45.2 103.5 6.8
1967 2052 19.2 48.8 129.2 23.6
1968 2125 17.7 51.8 150.3 3.2
1969 1925 17.8 48.2 123.5 *
1970 2030 17.9 46.7 130.8 11.6
1971 2222 18.2 59.2 123.4 7.9
1972 2117 18.5 52.6 107.8 36.1
1973 2263 18.4 56.6 108.2 38.9
1974 2578 18.9 79.5 99.4 34.6
1975 2023 18.6 54.6 99.6 11.5
1976 2199 18.0 63.9 103.2 17.8
1977 2251 18.5 66.7 105.4 12.9
1978 1961 17.8 65.4 86.0 12.6
1979 1908 18.2 54.9 100.3 10.6
1980 1787 18.5 54.3 90.3 13.9
1981 1762 19.5 54.9 80.6 14.2
1982 1536 18.4 48.9 69.9 19.8
1983 1476 18.1 45.4 67.5 16.0
1984 1600 18.4 55.1 73.7 13.5
1985 1545 19.2 52.7 72.9 6.5
1986 1430 17.8 53.0 70.0 8.6
1987 1411 18.4 47.9 68.2 12.3
1988 1306 18.3 49.4 55.6 15.5
1989 1470 19.1 59.7 55.3 8.7
1990 1588 18.9 60.7 68.3 20.2
1991 1416 17.8 64.0 51.1 11.4
1992 1617 18.4 65.6 60.9 12.7
1993 1589 19.1 61.8 59.1 11.5
19942 1520 16.8 66.3 56.3 7.4

*Low precision; no estimate reported.

**Estimate rounds to zero.

1 The numerator of each rate equals the number of persons who first used the drug in the year (times 1000). The denominator of each rate equals the number of persons who were exposed to risk of first use during the year, weighted by their estimated exposure time measured in years. For example, for the age group 12-17 in 1990, the denominator is the sum of three components:

(1) those persons 12-17 years old in 1990 who first used the drug in 1989 or earlier, times a weight of zero. The weight is zero since they had zero exposure to the risk of first use in 1990.

(2) those who first used the drug in 1990 times a weight of .5. The weight of .5 assumes that these people, on average, first used the drug at midyear and consequently have a half year of exposure (i.e. the first half of the year.)

(3) those who never used, or those who first used the drug in 1991 or later, times a weight of one. The weight of one assumes their exposure to the risk of first use during 1990 was for the whole year.

Each person is also weighted by his/her sample weight.

2 Estimated using 1995 data only.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1994 and 1995.

This page was last updated on June 01, 2008.