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2005 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  National Results

Appendix G: Selected Prevalence Tables

60414 (8.1A)

Table G.1 Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255 110,205   110,057   112,085  
     Marijuana and Hashish   94,946   96,611     96,772     97,545  
     Cocaine   33,910     34,891     34,153     33,673  
          Crack     8,402       7,949       7,840       7,928  
     Heroin     3,668       3,744       3,145       3,534  
     Hallucinogens   34,314     34,363     34,333     33,728  
          LSD   24,516   24,424   23,398     22,433  
          PCP     7,418     7,107       6,762       6,603  
          Ecstasy   10,150   10,904     11,130     11,495  
     Inhalants   22,870     22,995     22,798     22,745  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   46,558   47,882     48,013     48,709  
          Pain Relievers   29,611   31,207     31,768     32,692  
               OxyContin®     1,924     2,832     3,072     3,481  
          Tranquilizers   19,267   20,220     19,852     21,041  
          Stimulants   21,072   20,798   19,982     19,080  
               Methamphetamine   12,383   12,303   11,726   10,357  
          Sedatives     9,960       9,510       9,891       8,982  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   70,300     71,128     70,657     71,822  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.1B)

Table G.2 Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0   46.4   45.8   46.1  
     Marijuana and Hashish 40.4   40.6   40.2   40.1  
     Cocaine 14.4   14.7 14.2   13.8  
          Crack   3.6     3.3     3.3     3.3  
     Heroin   1.6     1.6     1.3     1.5  
     Hallucinogens 14.6 14.5   14.3   13.9  
          LSD 10.4 10.3   9.7     9.2  
          PCP   3.2   3.0     2.8     2.7  
          Ecstasy   4.3   4.6     4.6     4.7  
     Inhalants   9.7     9.7     9.5     9.4  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 19.8   20.1   20.0   20.0  
          Pain Relievers 12.6 13.1   13.2   13.4  
               OxyContin®   0.8   1.2   1.3     1.4  
          Tranquilizers   8.2     8.5     8.3     8.7  
          Stimulants   9.0   8.8   8.3     7.8  
               Methamphetamine   5.3   5.2   4.9   4.3  
          Sedatives   4.2   4.0     4.1     3.7  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9   29.9   29.4   29.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.2A)

Table G.3 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132   34,993   34,807   35,041  
     Marijuana and Hashish 25,755   25,231   25,451   25,375  
     Cocaine   5,902     5,908     5,658     5,523  
          Crack   1,554     1,406     1,304     1,381  
     Heroin      404        314        398        379  
     Hallucinogens   4,749   3,936     3,878     3,809  
          LSD      999      558        592        563  
          PCP      235      219        210        164  
          Ecstasy   3,167   2,119     1,915     1,960  
     Inhalants   2,084     2,075     2,255     2,187  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 14,680   14,986   14,643   15,172  
          Pain Relievers 10,992   11,671   11,256   11,815  
               OxyContin® --   --     1,213     1,226  
          Tranquilizers   4,849     5,051     5,068     5,249  
          Stimulants   3,181   2,751     2,918     2,771  
               Methamphetamine   1,541     1,315     1,440     1,297  
          Sedatives      981        831        737        750  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423   20,305   19,658   20,109  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.2B)

Table G.4 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9   14.7   14.5   14.4  
     Marijuana and Hashish 11.0   10.6   10.6   10.4  
     Cocaine   2.5     2.5     2.4     2.3  
          Crack   0.7     0.6     0.5     0.6  
     Heroin   0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2  
     Hallucinogens   2.0   1.7     1.6     1.6  
          LSD   0.4   0.2     0.2     0.2  
          PCP   0.1   0.1     0.1     0.1  
          Ecstasy   1.3   0.9     0.8     0.8  
     Inhalants   0.9     0.9     0.9     0.9  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   6.2     6.3     6.1     6.2  
          Pain Relievers   4.7     4.9     4.7     4.9  
               OxyContin® --   --     0.5     0.5  
          Tranquilizers   2.1     2.1     2.1     2.2  
          Stimulants   1.4   1.2     1.2     1.1  
               Methamphetamine   0.7   0.6     0.6     0.5  
          Sedatives   0.4     0.3     0.3     0.3  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   8.7     8.5     8.2     8.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.3A)

Table G.5 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522   19,470   19,071   19,720  
     Marijuana and Hashish 14,584   14,638   14,576   14,626  
     Cocaine   2,020   2,281     2,021   2,397  
          Crack      567        604        467      682  
     Heroin      166        119        166        136  
     Hallucinogens   1,196     1,042        929     1,088  
          LSD      112        133        141        104  
          PCP       58         56         49         48  
          Ecstasy      676      470        450        502  
     Inhalants      635        570        638        611  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   6,210     6,336     6,007     6,405  
          Pain Relievers   4,377     4,693     4,404     4,658  
               OxyContin® --   --        325        334  
          Tranquilizers   1,804     1,830     1,616     1,817  
          Stimulants   1,218     1,191     1,189     1,067  
               Methamphetamine      597        607        583        512  
          Sedatives      436      294        265        272  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   8,777     8,849     8,247     8,963  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.3B)

Table G.6 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1   8.3     8.2     7.9     8.1  
     Marijuana and Hashish   6.2     6.2     6.1     6.0  
     Cocaine   0.9     1.0     0.8     1.0  
          Crack   0.2     0.3     0.2     0.3  
     Heroin   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Hallucinogens   0.5     0.4     0.4     0.4  
          LSD   0.0     0.1     0.1     0.0  
          PCP   0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0  
          Ecstasy   0.3   0.2     0.2     0.2  
     Inhalants   0.3     0.2     0.3     0.3  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   2.6     2.7     2.5     2.6  
          Pain Relievers   1.9     2.0     1.8     1.9  
               OxyContin® --   --     0.1     0.1  
          Tranquilizers   0.8     0.8     0.7     0.7  
          Stimulants   0.5     0.5     0.5     0.4  
               Methamphetamine   0.3     0.3     0.2     0.2  
          Sedatives   0.2   0.1     0.1     0.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   3.7     3.7     3.4     3.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.6B)

Table G.7 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6 11.2 10.6     9.9  
     Marijuana and Hashish   8.2   7.9   7.6   6.8  
     Cocaine   0.6     0.6     0.5     0.6  
          Crack   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Heroin   0.0     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Hallucinogens   1.0   1.0   0.8     0.8  
          LSD   0.2   0.2     0.2     0.1  
          PCP   0.1     0.1     0.0     0.1  
          Ecstasy   0.5   0.4     0.3     0.3  
     Inhalants   1.2     1.3     1.2     1.2  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   4.0   4.0   3.6     3.3  
          Pain Relievers   3.2   3.2   3.0     2.7  
               OxyContin® --   --     0.3   0.1  
          Tranquilizers   0.8     0.9   0.6     0.6  
          Stimulants   0.8     0.9   0.7     0.7  
               Methamphetamine   0.3     0.3     0.2     0.3  
          Sedatives   0.2   0.2     0.1     0.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   5.7   5.7   5.3     4.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.9B)

Table G.8 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2   20.3   19.4   20.1  
     Marijuana and Hashish 17.3   17.0   16.1   16.6  
     Cocaine   2.0   2.2     2.1   2.6  
          Crack   0.2   0.2   0.3     0.3  
     Heroin   0.1     0.1   0.1     0.2  
     Hallucinogens   1.9   1.7     1.5     1.5  
          LSD   0.1     0.2     0.3     0.2  
          PCP   0.0     0.1     0.1     0.0  
          Ecstasy   1.1   0.7     0.7     0.8  
     Inhalants   0.5     0.4     0.4     0.5  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   5.4   6.0     6.1     6.3  
          Pain Relievers   4.1   4.7     4.7     4.7  
               OxyContin® --   --     0.4     0.4  
          Tranquilizers   1.6     1.7     1.8     1.9  
          Stimulants   1.2     1.3     1.4     1.3  
               Methamphetamine   0.5     0.6     0.6     0.6  
          Sedatives   0.2     0.2     0.2     0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   7.9   8.4     8.1     8.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.12B)

Table G.9 Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1   5.8     5.6     5.5     5.8  
     Marijuana and Hashish   4.0     4.0     4.1     4.1  
     Cocaine   0.7     0.8     0.7     0.8  
          Crack   0.3     0.3     0.2     0.3  
     Heroin   0.1     0.0     0.1     0.0  
     Hallucinogens   0.2     0.1     0.1     0.2  
          LSD   0.0     0.0     0.0     0.0  
          PCP   0.0   *     0.0     0.0  
          Ecstasy   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Inhalants   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   2.0     1.9     1.7     1.9  
          Pain Relievers   1.3     1.3     1.2     1.3  
               OxyContin® --   --     0.1     0.1  
          Tranquilizers   0.6     0.6     0.5     0.6  
          Stimulants   0.4     0.3     0.3     0.2  
               Methamphetamine   0.2     0.2     0.2     0.1  
          Sedatives   0.2   0.1     0.1     0.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1   2.7     2.6     2.3     2.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60411 (1.19B)

Table G.10 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 45.8   46.1   14.5   14.4     7.9     8.1  
12 11.2   11.7     6.7     7.3     2.8     2.5  
13 18.4   16.9   11.6   11.4     4.6     4.9  
14 25.2 22.6   17.8 15.4     9.0   6.7  
15 34.7 30.3   24.6 21.9   12.7   11.1  
16 42.5 38.1   31.0   29.4   15.5   15.8  
17 48.4   45.9   34.9   33.5   19.1   18.2  
18 53.4   51.9   38.8   36.5   21.2   20.5  
19 56.6   57.0   38.6   38.8   22.8   22.6  
20 59.0   59.8   38.1   38.6   21.3   24.1  
21 62.3   59.7   36.6   35.8   21.7   20.7  
22 62.9   61.6   35.1   34.0   20.5   20.0  
23 59.5 63.5   28.3 33.5   15.4 19.5  
24 59.8   60.8   27.6   28.3   16.2   16.6  
25 60.5   60.4   26.7   26.7   15.2   16.4  
26-29 60.0   59.9   23.5   22.8   13.2   12.9  
30-34 54.5   54.1   15.7   17.6     9.4     9.6  
35-39 59.4   58.2   14.1   13.6     7.2     7.6  
40-44 64.9 61.9   14.4   13.0     7.5     7.2  
45-49 61.8   63.5   11.8   11.8     6.8     6.6  
50-54 56.3   55.6     9.0     8.3     4.8     5.2  
55-59 38.2 44.1     5.1     5.6     2.6     3.4  
60-64 24.2   28.2     2.0     3.2     1.1     1.8  
65 or Older   8.3 10.9     0.9     1.7     0.4     0.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411 (1.28B)

Table G.11 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 45.8   46.1   14.5   14.4     7.9     8.1  
AGE            
     12-17 30.0 27.7   21.0 19.9   10.6     9.9  
     18-25 59.2   59.2   33.9   34.2   19.4   20.1  
     26 or Older 45.6   46.3   10.2   10.2     5.5     5.8  
GENDER            
     Male 50.7   50.8   16.9   16.8     9.9   10.2  
     Female 41.1   41.6   12.2   12.1     6.1     6.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 47.3   47.4   14.7   14.5     8.0     8.2  
          White 49.1   48.9   15.0   14.5     8.1     8.1  
          Black or African American 43.3   44.7   14.6   16.0     8.7     9.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 58.4   60.9   26.2   21.3   12.3   12.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   54.3   *   15.5   *     8.7  
          Asian 24.3   28.1     6.9     7.1     3.1     3.1  
          Two or More Races 54.9 45.8   21.0   19.1   13.3   12.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 35.4   37.3   12.9   13.9     7.2     7.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411 (1.29B)

Table G.12 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 30.0 27.7   21.0 19.9   10.6     9.9  
GENDER            
     Male 30.7 28.4   20.6   19.7   10.6   10.1  
     Female 29.3 26.9   21.5 20.0   10.6     9.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 30.0 27.4   21.2 19.9   10.7   10.0  
          White 30.6 27.3   22.2 20.5   11.1 10.1  
          Black or African American 28.2   29.9   18.4   20.4     9.3   11.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 50.3   49.5   41.4 29.6   26.0   19.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 20.4   15.9   13.3   7.6     6.0     3.3  
          Two or More Races 37.9 29.6   24.6   21.7   12.2     9.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 30.0   28.9   19.9   19.6   10.2     9.4  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 30.6 27.9   21.5   20.1   10.8   10.4  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 30.7 26.7   22.9 20.9   11.5   9.8  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 29.7   31.0   19.1   20.5   10.5   12.1  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 26.7   28.9   17.6   20.2     8.1     9.9  
     Male, Hispanic 30.0   31.2   17.9   20.9   10.1     9.7  
     Female, Hispanic 29.9   26.5   22.1 18.2   10.4     9.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411 (1.32B)

Table G.13 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 47.6   48.2   13.7   13.8     7.6     7.9  
GENDER            
     Male 53.2   53.6   16.4   16.5     9.8   10.3  
     Female 42.4   43.2   11.2   11.2     5.6     5.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 49.2   49.6   14.0   13.9     7.7     8.0  
          White 51.0   51.1   14.2   13.9     7.8     7.9  
          Black or African American 45.7   47.0   14.0   15.3     8.6     9.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   62.5   24.0   20.1   10.3   11.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   13.9   *     8.0  
          Asian 24.8   29.5     6.2     7.0     2.8     3.1  
          Two or More Races 58.4   48.8   20.3   18.6   13.6   12.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 36.2   38.7   11.8   13.0     6.7     7.3  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 37.2   37.7   14.3   15.4     8.6   9.8  
     High School Graduate 44.7   46.2   13.7   14.2     7.8     8.6  
     Some College 53.8   53.8   15.9   15.6     8.7     8.9  
     College Graduate 51.8   51.7   11.1   10.6     5.6     5.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 56.4   56.6   14.6   14.7     8.0     8.2  
     Part-Time 50.2   49.9   18.5   18.0   10.3   10.4  
     Unemployed 64.1   60.6   28.8   27.8   19.2   17.1  
     Other1 27.3 29.5     8.0     8.3     4.3     5.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508 (8.35A)

Table G.14 Nonmedical Use of Methamphetamine in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Illicit Drug and Stimulant Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year and Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulant Use at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year and Past Month Nonmedical Use of Methamphetamine: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Methamphetamine Use/Dependence or Abuse/Treatment 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     Lifetime Methamphetamine Use 12,383 12,303 11,726 10,357  
     Past Year Methamphetamine Use   1,541     1,315     1,440     1,297  
     Past Month Methamphetamine Use      597        607        583        512  
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2   7,116     6,835     7,298     6,833  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1      436        378        470        409  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
     146        157        192        170  
PAST YEAR METHAMPHETAMINE USERS        
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2      645        562        757        613  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1      228        199        296        217  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
      49         83         79         82  
PAST MONTH METHAPHETAMINE USERS        
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2      164      250        346        257  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1       63         92        130        103  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
      13         41         21         15  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop stimulant use, or for medical problems associated with stimulant use.
4 If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60508 (8.35B)

Table G.15 Nonmedical Use of Methamphetamine in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Illicit Drug and Stimulant Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year and Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulant Use at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year and Past Month Nonmedical Use of Methamphetamine: Percentages, 2002-2005
Methamphetamine Use/Dependence or Abuse/Treatment 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     Lifetime Methamphetamine Use   5.3   5.2   4.9   4.3  
     Past Year Methamphetamine Use   0.7   0.6     0.6     0.5  
     Past Month Methamphetamine Use   0.3     0.3     0.2     0.2  
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2   3.0     2.9     3.0     2.8  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1   0.2     0.2     0.2     0.2  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
  0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
PAST YEAR METHAMPHETAMINE USERS        
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2 41.9   42.8   52.6   47.2  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1 14.8   15.1   20.5   16.7  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
  3.2     6.3     5.5     6.3  
PAST MONTH METHAPHETAMINE USERS        
     Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs1,2 27.5 41.2   59.3   50.2  
          Dependence or Abuse of Stimulants1 10.6 15.1   22.3   20.0  
     Received Last or Current Treatment for Stimulants
        at Specialty Facility3,4
  2.2     6.7     3.6     3.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop stimulant use, or for medical problems associated with stimulant use.
4 If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60426 (8.22A)

Table G.16 Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1   71,499     70,757     70,257     71,519  
          Cigarettes   61,136     60,434     59,896     60,532  
          Smokeless Tobacco     7,787       7,725       7,154       7,682  
          Cigars 12,751   12,837   13,727   13,640  
          Pipe Tobacco     1,816       1,619     1,835       2,190  
     ALCOHOL 119,820 118,965 120,934 126,028  
          Binge Alcohol Use2   53,787     53,770     54,725     55,090  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   15,860     16,144     16,689     16,035  
MALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1   41,991     41,288     41,569     42,175  
          Cigarettes   32,636     32,263     32,278     32,312  
          Smokeless Tobacco     7,242       7,096       6,730       7,174  
          Cigars   10,669     10,372   11,375     11,355  
          Pipe Tobacco     1,487     1,400     1,579       1,877  
     ALCOHOL   65,210   65,927   66,317   68,497  
          Binge Alcohol Use2   35,456     35,565     36,195     36,025  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   12,216     11,958     12,388     12,172  
FEMALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1   29,509     29,469     28,688     29,344  
          Cigarettes   28,500     28,171     27,618     28,220  
          Smokeless Tobacco      545        628        424        508  
          Cigars     2,082       2,465       2,352       2,285  
          Pipe Tobacco      330        219        256        313  
     ALCOHOL   54,610   53,038   54,616   57,531  
          Binge Alcohol Use2   18,331     18,205     18,530     19,065  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2     3,645       4,186       4,301       3,863  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60426 (8.22B)

Table G.17 Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2005
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4 29.8   29.2   29.4  
          Cigarettes 26.0 25.4   24.9   24.9  
          Smokeless Tobacco   3.3     3.3     3.0     3.2  
          Cigars   5.4     5.4     5.7     5.6  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.8     0.7   0.8     0.9  
     ALCOHOL 51.0   50.1 50.3 51.8  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9   22.6   22.8   22.7  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   6.7     6.8     6.9     6.6  
MALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0   35.9   35.7   35.8  
          Cigarettes 28.7 28.1   27.7   27.4  
          Smokeless Tobacco   6.4     6.2     5.8     6.1  
          Cigars   9.4     9.0     9.8     9.6  
          Pipe Tobacco   1.3     1.2   1.4     1.6  
     ALCOHOL 57.4   57.3   56.9   58.1  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2   30.9   31.1   30.5  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8   10.4   10.6   10.3  
FEMALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3   24.0   23.1   23.4  
          Cigarettes 23.4   23.0   22.3   22.5  
          Smokeless Tobacco   0.4     0.5     0.3     0.4  
          Cigars   1.7     2.0     1.9     1.8  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.3     0.2     0.2     0.3  
     ALCOHOL 44.9   43.2 44.0 45.9  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1   14.8   14.9   15.2  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   3.0     3.4     3.5   3.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60426 (8.23B)

Table G.18 Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2005
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2 14.4 14.4 13.1  
          Cigarettes 13.0 12.2 11.9 10.8  
          Smokeless Tobacco   2.0     2.0     2.3     2.1  
          Cigars   4.5     4.5     4.8   4.2  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.6     0.6     0.7     0.6  
     ALCOHOL 17.6 17.7 17.6 16.5  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7 10.6   11.1   9.9  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   2.5     2.6     2.7     2.4  
MALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0 15.6 15.3   14.2  
          Cigarettes 12.3 11.9 11.3   10.7  
          Smokeless Tobacco   3.4     3.7     4.0     3.7  
          Cigars   6.2     6.2     6.6   5.8  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.7     0.9     0.9     0.8  
     ALCOHOL 17.4 17.1   17.2 15.9  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4 11.1   11.6 10.4  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   3.1     2.9     3.2     3.0  
FEMALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4 13.3 13.5 11.9  
          Cigarettes 13.6 12.5 12.5 10.8  
          Smokeless Tobacco   0.4     0.3     0.4     0.4  
          Cigars   2.7     2.7     2.8     2.5  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.4     0.3     0.5     0.4  
     ALCOHOL 17.9   18.3   18.0   17.2  
          Binge Alcohol Use2   9.9   10.1   10.5   9.4  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   1.9     2.3     2.1     1.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60426 (8.24B)

Table G.19 Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2005
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3   44.8   44.6   44.3  
          Cigarettes 40.8 40.2   39.5   39.0  
          Smokeless Tobacco   4.8     4.7     4.9     5.1  
          Cigars 11.0 11.4   12.7   12.0  
          Pipe Tobacco   1.1   0.9   1.2     1.5  
     ALCOHOL 60.5   61.4   60.5   60.9  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9   41.6   41.2   41.9  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9   15.1   15.1   15.3  
MALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1   51.7   51.7   51.6  
          Cigarettes 44.4   44.2   43.5   42.9  
          Smokeless Tobacco   9.4     8.9     9.5     9.7  
          Cigars 16.8 17.3   19.7   18.3  
          Pipe Tobacco   1.7   1.4   2.1     2.3  
     ALCOHOL 65.2   66.9   64.9   66.3  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2   51.3   50.1   51.7  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1   21.2   21.2   21.7  
FEMALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4   37.8   37.4   36.9  
          Cigarettes 37.1 36.2   35.5   35.0  
          Smokeless Tobacco   0.3     0.4     0.4     0.5  
          Cigars   5.2     5.5     5.8     5.6  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.4     0.4     0.4     0.6  
     ALCOHOL 55.7   55.8   56.0   55.4  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7   31.8   32.3   31.9  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   8.7     9.0     8.8     8.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60426 (8.25B)

Table G.20 Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2005
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9   29.3   28.5   29.0  
          Cigarettes 25.2   24.7   24.1   24.3  
          Smokeless Tobacco   3.2     3.2     2.7     3.0  
          Cigars   4.6     4.5     4.6     4.7  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.8     0.6     0.7     0.8  
     ALCOHOL 53.9   52.5 53.0 55.1  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4   21.0   21.1   21.0  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   5.9     5.9     6.1     5.6  
MALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3   36.0   35.7   36.0  
          Cigarettes 28.3   27.5   27.2   27.0  
          Smokeless Tobacco   6.3     6.0     5.3     5.8  
          Cigars   8.5     7.9     8.4     8.6  
          Pipe Tobacco   1.3     1.2     1.3     1.6  
     ALCOHOL 61.9   61.5   61.3   62.7  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7   30.1   30.4   29.6  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0     9.5     9.8     9.3  
FEMALE        
     TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2   23.1   22.0   22.6  
          Cigarettes 22.5   22.1   21.3   21.9  
          Smokeless Tobacco   0.5     0.6     0.3     0.4  
          Cigars   1.0     1.3     1.1     1.1  
          Pipe Tobacco   0.2     0.1     0.1     0.2  
     ALCOHOL 46.6   44.3 45.4 48.0  
          Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0   12.6   12.6   13.2  
               Heavy Alcohol Use2   2.2     2.6     2.7   2.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60414 (8.27B)

Table G.21 Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2005
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005
TOTAL        
     Lifetime 56.2 55.8 54.9   53.9  
     Past Year 47.0   46.8   46.6   46.3  
     Past Month 28.8   29.0   28.7   28.2  
          Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3   19.2   19.6   18.8  
               Heavy Alcohol Use1   6.2     6.1     6.3     6.0  
MALE        
     Lifetime 56.5 55.0   54.9   53.7  
     Past Year 46.6   45.6   46.3   45.6  
     Past Month 29.6   29.9   29.6   28.9  
          Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8   21.7   22.1   21.3  
               Heavy Alcohol Use1   8.1     7.9     8.2     7.6  
FEMALE        
     Lifetime 56.0 56.6 54.8   54.2  
     Past Year 47.5   48.0   46.9   46.9  
     Past Month 28.0   28.1   27.8   27.5  
          Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7   16.5   17.0   16.1  
               Heavy Alcohol Use1   4.2     4.3     4.3     4.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410 (2.25B)

Table G.22 Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TYPE OF ALCOHOL USE
Alcohol Use Binge Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 50.3 51.8   22.8   22.7     6.9     6.6  
12   2.3     2.5     1.1     1.3     0.1     0.1  
13   6.1     5.8     2.9     2.6     0.4     0.4  
14 12.3   10.6     5.6     5.2     1.0     1.0  
15 20.4   19.6   12.7 10.8     2.2     2.4  
16 27.7   27.0   18.3   16.8     4.5     4.2  
17 37.3 33.2   26.6 22.7     8.1   6.5  
18 46.3   44.4   33.1   30.8   11.0   10.6  
19 51.5   52.1   37.4   38.1   13.9   14.0  
20 56.3   57.6   40.3   39.9   16.3   14.5  
21 69.8   69.4   48.2   49.9   19.2   19.8  
22 69.1   66.2   46.8   46.6   17.8   19.2  
23 63.8 69.5   43.1 47.7   14.3   16.5  
24 63.7   64.8   40.3   41.7   13.7   14.3  
25 65.7   67.0   41.5   42.0   14.8   14.0  
26-29 63.2   63.7   36.8   35.3   10.7   10.7  
30-34 58.4 61.6   28.6   31.0     8.3     8.8  
35-39 60.6   62.4   29.8   27.7     7.3     7.0  
40-44 60.1   60.1   26.9   26.5     8.4     7.2  
45-49 57.5   60.2   23.2   23.3     6.9     6.3  
50-54 55.6   58.3   18.9   19.0     6.2     5.5  
55-59 48.3   50.8   14.1   14.2     4.3     3.3  
60-64 49.9   47.5   13.6   11.9     3.7     3.1  
65 or Older 35.3 40.0     6.9     8.3     1.8     1.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410 (2.105B)

Table G.23 Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF ALCOHOL USE
Alcohol Use Binge Alcohol Use Heavy Alcohol Use
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 28.7   28.2   19.6   18.8     6.3     6.0  
GENDER            
     Male 29.6   28.9   22.1   21.3     8.2     7.6  
     Female 27.8   27.5   17.0   16.1     4.3     4.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 29.2   28.7   19.7   19.0     6.6     6.4  
          White 32.6   32.3   22.8   22.3     8.1     7.8  
          Black or African American 19.1   19.0     9.9     9.1     2.0     1.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 24.3   21.7   19.0   18.1     4.7     6.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   12.0   *     8.4     1.1     1.4  
          Asian 16.4   15.5     8.0     7.4     1.6     1.2  
          Two or More Races 26.4   24.0   18.0   16.6     6.2     7.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 26.6   25.9   19.3   17.9     4.7     4.2  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 33.5   32.6   25.7   24.7   10.4     9.8  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 31.6   31.9   19.8   19.7     5.7     5.8  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 20.3   20.4   11.7   11.4     3.4     2.5  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 17.7   17.6     8.1     6.8     0.6     1.1  
     Male, Hispanic 26.9   27.9   21.1   21.5     6.2     5.9  
     Female, Hispanic 26.2   23.7   17.5 13.9     3.1     2.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410 (2.20B)

Table G.24 Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 67.3   66.6   29.1   29.1   24.9   24.9  
12   7.0     5.8     3.3     3.0     1.1     1.3  
13 14.9   14.0     8.2     8.6     4.3     3.4  
14 25.1 20.7   15.0 11.9     8.4   6.2  
15 34.2 31.0   21.3   19.9   13.5   12.2  
16 43.5 40.0   29.0   26.8   19.1   17.6  
17 51.1   48.3   34.2   33.1   25.4   23.7  
18 59.2   56.4   43.1   42.0   34.8   32.0  
19 64.9   63.4   47.1   44.8   37.2   35.7  
20 67.8   68.1   49.0   48.6   40.3   39.8  
21 71.4   68.9   49.5   50.1   41.2   41.6  
22 72.7 69.5   50.2   49.5   42.9   41.8  
23 69.6   70.5   47.7   49.4   40.6   41.5  
24 72.7   71.5   47.0   46.5   39.7   40.1  
25 73.0   72.9   46.7   47.9   40.5   40.7  
26-29 72.0   72.6   42.9   42.5   36.8   35.8  
30-34 69.6   69.4   34.3   36.1   29.0   30.8  
35-39 72.9   70.8   34.1   33.3   29.6   28.9  
40-44 77.0 73.9   34.2   33.0   30.4   30.5  
45-49 76.4   76.2   30.8   32.8   28.1   29.7  
50-54 77.1   75.8   26.9   27.1   24.6   24.5  
55-59 74.7   74.1   22.9   22.6   20.8   19.5  
60-64 74.8   74.2   19.8   20.8   18.2   19.0  
65 or Older 63.3   65.2   10.7   11.4     9.2   10.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410 (2.32B)

Table G.25 Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 29.2 26.7   18.4 17.3   11.9 10.8  
GENDER            
     Male 28.6 26.3   17.3   16.9   11.3   10.7  
     Female 29.8 27.2   19.6 17.8   12.5 10.8  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 29.6 26.8   18.8 17.4   12.5 11.1  
          White 32.0 28.8   21.3 19.8   14.4 12.8  
          Black or African American 22.6   21.7   11.1   10.6     6.0     6.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   40.4   30.5   25.0   17.9   18.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 13.7   13.3     7.5     6.4     5.4     3.0  
          Two or More Races 34.5   29.2   20.0   16.7   13.5   11.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 27.1   26.3   16.4   16.8     9.1     9.1  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 30.7 28.3   19.3   19.1   13.3   12.5  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 33.4 29.4   23.4 20.6   15.7 13.0  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 23.4   21.5   12.0   11.5     6.5     7.4  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 21.7   21.9   10.1     9.6     5.5     5.6  
     Male, Hispanic 25.8   26.8   15.4   16.9     8.8     9.2  
     Female, Hispanic 28.4   25.9   17.6   16.6     9.4     9.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410 (2.35B)

Table G.26 Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 71.8   71.2   30.3   30.5   26.4   26.5  
GENDER            
     Male 77.9   76.9   34.3   33.8   29.8   29.5  
     Female 66.1   65.9   26.6   27.4   23.3   23.8  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 73.9   72.8   30.6   30.6   26.9   26.9  
          White 77.2   76.5   31.3   31.2   27.6   27.3  
          Black or African American 62.0   61.0   30.0   30.1   26.2   27.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 81.8   73.4   38.1   44.5   32.9   38.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   37.5   *   31.1  
          Asian 46.8   44.3   14.0 18.7   10.9 14.6  
          Two or More Races 82.3 67.6   47.7   38.6   43.5   34.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 57.0   59.9   28.4   29.7   23.2   24.2  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 65.9   65.7   38.5   39.1   34.8   34.8  
     High School Graduate 72.9   72.0   34.0   35.3   30.4   31.8  
     Some College 74.9   74.1   33.2   32.4   29.0   28.1  
     College Graduate 71.1   70.9   17.7   17.9   13.6   13.8  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 74.4   73.8   32.9   32.6   28.7   28.3  
     Part-Time 71.0   70.3   30.2   30.2   25.2   25.2  
     Unemployed 75.9   72.6   47.7   49.2   44.1   43.8  
     Other1 66.5   66.3   23.2   24.3   20.4   21.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414 (8.28B)

Table G.27 Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2005
Risk/Availability1 2002 2003 2004 2005
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK        
     Cigarettes        
          Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1 64.2 67.5   68.3  
     Marijuana        
          Smoke Once a Month 32.4 34.9   35.0   34.0  
          Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5 54.4   54.7   55.0  
     Cocaine        
          Use Once a Month 50.5 51.4 49.6   48.8  
          Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8   80.7   79.8   79.9  
     Heroin        
          Try Once or Twice 58.5 58.8 57.0   56.5  
          Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5   82.6   81.4   81.8  
     LSD        
          Try Once or Twice 52.6   53.4 52.6   51.7  
          Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2   76.9   76.4   76.1  
     Alcohol        
          Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2 61.6 61.8 63.8  
          Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 38.2   38.5   38.1   38.4  
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY        
     Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain        
          Marijuana 55.0 53.6 52.2 51.0  
          Cocaine 25.0   25.0   24.4   24.9  
          Crack 26.5 26.2   25.0   25.3  
          Heroin 15.8 15.3 14.0   14.0  
          LSD 19.4 17.6 16.9 15.7  
     Approached in the Past Month by Someone
        Selling Drugs
16.7 16.1   16.3   15.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60522 (8.29A)

Table G.28 Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,656   2,627   2,784   2,908  
     Marijuana and Hashish 2,196   1,973   2,142   2,114  
     Cocaine 1,032    986      998      872  
          Crack     337     269       215       230  
     Heroin     117        92       118       108  
     Hallucinogens 1,152     886       934       953  
          LSD     338     200       235       243  
          PCP     123     105       106        77  
          Ecstasy 1,206     642       607       615  
     Inhalants     849       871       857       877  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 2,552   2,583   2,836   2,526  
          Pain Relievers 2,320   2,456   2,422   2,193  
               OxyContin® --   --       615       526  
          Tranquilizers 1,184   1,071 1,180   1,286  
          Stimulants     783     715       793       647  
               Methamphetamine     299     260       318     192  
          Sedatives     209       194       240       247  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,569   2,523   2,664   2,768  
CIGARETTES 1,940 1,983 2,122   2,282  
     Daily Cigarette Use3 1,016   1,064   1,101       965  
SMOKELESS TOBACCO     951     928     999   1,134  
CIGARS 2,858 2,736 3,058   3,349  
ALCOHOL 3,942 4,082   4,396   4,274  
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60427 (8.30A)

Table G.29 Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1   7,116     6,835     7,298     6,833  
     Marijuana and Hashish   4,294     4,198     4,469     4,090  
     Cocaine   1,488     1,515     1,571     1,549  
     Heroin     214       189       270       227  
     Hallucinogens     426       321       449       371  
     Inhalants     180       169       233       221  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   2,018     1,923     2,048     1,959  
          Pain Relievers   1,509     1,424     1,388     1,546  
          Tranquilizers     509       435       573       419  
          Stimulants     436       378       470       409  
          Sedatives     154       158       128         97  
ALCOHOL 18,100   17,805   18,654   18,658  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 22,006   21,586   22,506   22,218  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1   3,210     3,054     3,445     3,273  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60427 (8.30B)

Table G.30 Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1   3.0     2.9     3.0     2.8  
     Marijuana and Hashish   1.8     1.8     1.9   1.7  
     Cocaine   0.6     0.6     0.7     0.6  
     Heroin   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Hallucinogens   0.2     0.1     0.2     0.2  
     Inhalants   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.1  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2   0.9     0.8     0.9     0.8  
          Pain Relievers   0.6     0.6     0.6     0.6  
          Tranquilizers   0.2     0.2     0.2     0.2  
          Stimulants   0.2     0.2     0.2     0.2  
          Sedatives   0.1     0.1     0.1     0.0  
ALCOHOL   7.7     7.5     7.8     7.7  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1   9.4     9.1     9.4     9.1  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1   1.4     1.3     1.4     1.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60627 (5.4B)

Table G.31 Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL   3.0     2.8     7.8     7.7     9.4     9.1  
AGE            
     12-17   5.3   4.7     6.0     5.5     8.8   8.0  
     18-25   8.3     8.4   17.4   17.5   21.2   21.8  
     26 or Older   1.8     1.6     6.3     6.2     7.3     7.1  
GENDER            
     Male   3.9   3.5   10.8   10.3   12.7   12.0  
     Female   2.2     2.1     4.9     5.2     6.2     6.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino   3.0     2.8     7.7     7.6     9.3     9.1  
          White   2.9     2.7     8.1     8.0     9.6     9.4  
          Black or African American   3.7     3.9     6.3     6.4     8.3     8.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native   8.0     7.2   14.8   18.3   20.2   21.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *     3.0   *     9.5   *   11.0  
          Asian   1.3     1.2     3.7     3.8     4.7     4.5  
          Two or More Races   6.5     5.5     9.9     7.5   12.2   10.9  
     Hispanic or Latino   3.4   2.6     8.0     8.1     9.8     9.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60616 (8.32A)

Table G.32 Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Location/Substance for Which Treatment Was Received in Past Year 2002 2003 2004 2005
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION        
     Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802a 2,192 2,172
     Alcohol 2,405 2,359a 2,658 2,843
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483 3,327a 3,791 3,930
SPECIALTY FACILITY        
     Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280
     Alcohol 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1    709    595    718    748
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005

60616 (8.32B)

Table G.33 Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Location/Substance for Which Treatment Was Received in Past Year 2002 2003 2004 2005
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION        
     Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9
     Alcohol 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4a 1.6 1.6
SPECIALTY FACILITY        
     Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
     Alcohol 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8a 1.0 0.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60427 (8.33A)

Table G.34 Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2005
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1   7,748     7,333     8,053     7,550  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility   1,412     1,103     1,427     1,280  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility   6,335     6,230     6,626     6,269  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638   18,215 19,360   19,378  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility   1,549     1,298     1,535     1,626  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089   16,917   17,824   17,752  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 22,811   22,165   23,476   23,172  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility   2,346     1,874   2,327     2,308  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465   20,290   21,149   20,864  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60427 (8.33B)

Table G.35 Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2005
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.3   3.1   3.3   3.1  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.5  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7   2.6   2.8   2.6  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9   7.7   8.0   8.0  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7   0.5   0.6   0.7  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3   7.1   7.4   7.3  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 9.7   9.3   9.8   9.5  
     Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0   0.8 1.0   0.9  
     Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7   8.5   8.8   8.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60501 (5.72B)

Table G.36 Needed and Received Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic NEEDED TREATMENT FOR AN ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL PROBLEM IN THE PAST YEAR Percentage Who Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility among Persons Who Needed Treatment
Total Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL   9.8     9.5     1.0     0.9     8.8     8.6     9.9   10.0  
AGE                
     12-17   9.1   8.3     0.7     0.7     8.3   7.6     8.1     8.6  
     18-25 21.9   22.2     1.7     1.6   20.2   20.6     7.8     7.2  
     26 or Older   7.7     7.5     0.9     0.9     6.9     6.6   11.3   11.6  
GENDER                
     Male 13.2   12.6     1.3     1.3   11.9   11.3   10.2   10.2  
     Female   6.5     6.6     0.6     0.6     5.9     6.0     9.4     9.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino   9.7     9.5     1.0     0.9     8.7     8.5     9.9     9.7  
          White   9.9     9.6     0.9     0.8     9.0     8.8     8.6     8.5  
          Black or African American   9.1     9.6     1.6     1.8     7.6     7.9   17.3   18.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 20.4   21.5     2.1     1.9   18.2   19.7   *     8.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   11.0   *     0.3     8.8   10.7   *   *  
          Asian   5.3     4.5     0.6     0.0     4.7     4.5   *     1.0  
          Two or More Races 13.1   11.0     1.6     1.0   11.6   10.0   11.8     8.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 10.4     9.9     1.0     1.2     9.4     8.8     9.7   11.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426 (5.75A)

Table G.37 Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total Needing But Not Receiving Treatment1 FELT NEED FOR TREATMENT2 Did Not Feel Need for Treatment2
Total Made Effort Made No Effort
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 21,149   20,864     1,233     1,161        441        296        792        865   19,916   19,703  
AGE                    
     12-17   2,103a   1,915         69         67         17         13         52         54     2,034   1,848  
     18-25   6,499     6,699        333        276        115        81        218        195     6,166     6,423  
     26 or Older 12,547   12,251        831        818        309        203        522        615   11,716   11,433  
GENDER                    
     Male 13,850   13,383        727        751        230        176        496        575   13,124   12,631  
     Female   7,299     7,482        506        410        210        120        296        290     6,793     7,072  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426 (5.75B)

Table G.38 Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total Needing But Not Receiving Treatment1 FELT NEED FOR TREATMENT2 Did Not Feel Need for Treatment2
Total Made Effort Made No Effort
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 100.0   100.0    5.8     5.6     2.1     1.4     3.7     4.1   94.2   94.4  
AGE                    
     12-17 100.0   100.0    3.3     3.5     0.8     0.7     2.5     2.8   96.7   96.5  
     18-25 100.0   100.0    5.1     4.1     1.8     1.2     3.4     2.9   94.9   95.9  
     26 or Older 100.0   100.0    6.6     6.7     2.5     1.7     4.2     5.0   93.4   93.3  
GENDER                    
     Male 100.0   100.0    5.2     5.6     1.7     1.3     3.6     4.3   94.8   94.4  
     Female 100.0   100.0    6.9     5.5     2.9     1.6     4.1     3.9   93.1   94.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426 (6.2B)

Table G.39 Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   20.2 18.6   14.0 12.5   6.9   7.1  
GENDER                
     Male   9.4     8.4   16.2 14.4     9.9     9.0     5.9     5.0  
     Female 14.8   14.0   24.3   22.9   18.0 15.8     7.8     9.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2 11.2   21.0 19.0   14.4 12.6     6.7     7.1  
          White 12.2   11.4   21.8 19.8   15.0 13.3     6.4     7.0  
          Black or African American 11.9   10.7   17.3   15.9   12.3   10.6     8.4     8.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 21.1   *   17.8   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian   9.2     7.2   17.5   16.9     8.2     6.7   *   *  
          Two or More Races 22.4   16.8   *   25.8   19.8   20.2   *   11.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 12.2   11.7   16.7   16.8   11.6   11.6     9.4     7.5  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 14.9   14.2   23.8 18.1   17.6   15.7     8.7   11.1  
     High School Graduate 12.5 10.9   19.4   19.4   15.3 12.2     6.9     6.2  
     Some College 13.8   12.6   20.4   19.3   14.7   14.2     8.3     6.7  
     College Graduate   8.6     8.7   16.4   15.4   10.4     9.9     4.5     6.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 10.8   9.8   18.3   17.1   11.6 10.1     5.2     5.5  
     Part-Time 14.2   12.7   21.6   20.6   16.0   12.7     5.9     5.6  
     Unemployed 21.7   20.1   23.6   21.0   21.2   22.7   *   *  
     Other1 12.9   12.6   21.6   18.9   23.2   21.7     8.1     8.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426 (6.10B)

Table G.40 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL   3.0   2.6   10.2     8.7     2.0     1.8  
     18-25   8.6     8.4   17.9   16.8     6.3     6.5  
     26-49   3.2   2.5     9.3     8.0     2.2     1.7  
     50 or Older   0.6     0.5     3.5     1.9     0.4     0.4  
MALE   4.1   3.4   16.1 11.4     2.9     2.7  
     18-25 11.7   10.5   25.9   21.7     9.0     8.6  
     26-49   4.0     3.2   14.0   10.3     3.0     2.5  
     50 or Older   1.1     0.7   *     1.7     0.6     0.6  
FEMALE   2.0     1.9     6.7     7.1     1.2     1.0  
     18-25   5.5     6.3   12.5   13.7     3.3     4.0  
     26-49   2.4     1.8     6.8     6.7     1.4     0.8  
     50 or Older   0.3     0.4   *     2.1     0.3     0.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.5 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502 (6.14B)

Table G.41 Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 13.1   13.0   41.6 45.3     9.1     8.8  
AGE            
     18-25 10.7   11.2   26.9 30.5     6.6     6.8  
     26-49 15.3 13.9   47.8   48.9   10.0     8.9  
     50 or Older 11.3   12.5   42.9   52.7     9.0     9.4  
GENDER            
     Male   8.9     8.9   31.0 36.9     6.6     6.3  
     Female 17.0   16.8   47.9   50.0   11.6   11.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.8   13.7   43.5 47.6     9.7     9.4  
          White 15.1   15.1   46.3 50.9   10.7   10.4  
          Black or African American   8.6     8.9   34.1   35.7     5.1     5.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   15.4   *   *   *   11.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian   4.8     4.0   *   *     3.9     2.8  
          Two or More Races 22.8   14.4   *   *   *     9.8  
     Hispanic or Latino   7.9     7.8   27.9   30.4     5.2     4.8  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 12.5   10.9   36.8   39.2     8.2     6.2  
     High School Graduate 11.7   11.6   37.9   42.6     8.0     7.9  
     Some College 14.4   14.5   45.4   47.4     9.5     9.8  
     College Graduate 13.9   14.3   47.8   52.7   10.7   10.7  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 11.1   10.5   37.2   38.7     8.0     7.4  
     Part-Time 14.0   14.9   37.3   44.4   10.1   10.7  
     Unemployed 16.8   17.4   41.3   43.2   10.0   10.9  
     Other2 16.2   16.4   51.2   56.3   11.0   10.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509 (6.48B)

Table G.42 Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Hispanic Origin and Race Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.0   13.7   35.3   33.8     9.0     8.8   40.3   37.8  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.7   13.6   36.1   35.2     8.9     8.7   41.0   39.0  
          White 13.9   13.9   39.7   36.2     9.2     9.1   44.9 39.3  
          Black or African American 12.9   13.5   25.1   31.7     7.7     7.6   28.9   39.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 12.0     9.3   *   *     7.8     6.1   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 13.0     9.1   *   *     8.3     6.0   *   *  
          Two or More Races 17.9   19.0   *   *   11.7   10.5   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 15.2   14.1   31.4   27.5     9.1     9.1   36.8   31.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509 (6.49B)

Table G.43 Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.8   14.2   52.7   51.1     8.0   7.3   65.1   65.6  
GENDER                
     Male   9.8   10.4   43.8   41.5     5.6     5.2   55.2   55.6  
     Female 19.4 17.8   56.9   56.4   10.3     9.3   70.1   70.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15.5   14.7   52.6   52.2     8.2   7.3   66.0   67.7  
          White 16.3   15.6   53.5   53.2     8.4   7.6   67.2   69.8  
          Black or African American 11.7   10.5   49.8   48.1     7.1     6.5   59.8   56.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native   9.8   15.6   *   *     8.1     9.4   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian   9.4     8.3   *   *     5.0     3.6   *   *  
          Two or More Races 28.6 17.6   *   50.6   17.9   10.1   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 10.1   11.3   53.3 41.8     6.5     7.0   57.8   50.2  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 11.5   11.5   54.8   53.7     8.0     7.3   63.5   59.5  
     High School Graduate 13.3   13.0   49.8   50.5     7.6     7.0   58.0   64.8  
     Some College 18.7 16.5   53.4   51.9   10.5   8.4   66.4   64.8  
     College Graduate 15.1   15.2   54.0   49.8     6.1     6.5   75.2   71.9  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 14.8 13.5   47.5   45.0     7.6   6.3   58.7   59.6  
     Part-Time 17.3   15.9   51.1   53.1     8.8     8.2   65.1   67.0  
     Unemployed 19.1   20.6   48.2   52.0   11.3   14.4   *   59.7  
     Other3 13.0   14.1   66.4   61.5     8.0     8.0   79.4   75.7  
MARITAL STATUS                
     Married 12.1   11.8   53.6   50.8     5.8     5.3   73.2   72.9  
     Widowed 11.6   12.3   *   63.2     7.1     6.0   *   *  
     Divorced or Separated 23.1   20.9   56.3   57.2   13.4   11.8   65.3   69.5  
     Never Married 17.3   16.7   47.1   45.3   10.4   10.0   51.7   52.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509 (6.54B)

Table G.44 Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs4   5.3   4.7   14.5   13.4     4.4   3.8  
          Marijuana   3.9     3.6     9.7     9.8     3.3     3.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4   2.3     2.0     7.5     6.1     1.8     1.6  
     Alcohol   6.0     5.5   12.3   13.5     5.4   4.8  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4   8.8   8.0   20.0   19.8     7.7   6.9  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4   2.5     2.2     6.9     7.0     2.1     1.7  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs4   2.9     2.7     8.8     8.2     2.3     2.1  
          Marijuana   2.0     2.0     5.6     5.6     1.6     1.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4   1.3     1.1     4.6     3.6     0.9     0.8  
     Alcohol   2.1     2.2     5.6     6.5     1.8     1.7  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4   4.3     4.1   11.6   12.2     3.5     3.3  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4   0.8     0.8     2.8     2.6     0.6     0.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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