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2005 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

60411

Table  3.36A Whether Participated in a Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 3,070   2,946   21,997 22,271  
AGE        
     12-13 1,266   1,178   7,015   6,975  
     14-15 1,018   974   7,613   7,694  
     16-17 786   793   7,369   7,602  
GENDER        
     Male 1,548   1,516   11,239   11,371  
     Female 1,521   1,430   10,758   10,901  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,589   2,421   18,281   18,438  
          White 1,653   1,574   13,781   13,753  
          Black or African American 703   644   3,078   3,202  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 26   21   139   141  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 147   116   843   934  
          Two or More Races 46   53   390   341  
     Hispanic or Latino 480   525   3,716 3,834  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 1,583   1,513   11,688   12,082  
     Small Metro 930   899   6,667   6,518  
     Nonmetro 557   533   3,643   3,671  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 339 256   2,310   2,233  
          Marijuana 243 171   1,649   1,539  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 173   143   1,138   1,096  
     Cigarettes 355   308   2,611 2,401  
     Alcohol 458   413   3,952   3,760  
          Binge Alcohol3 293   251   2,485 2,248  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 625   560   4,636   4,448  
          Marijuana 420   370   3,208   2,991  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 418   367   2,825   2,736  
     Cigarettes 525   457   4,081   3,902  
     Alcohol 872   841   7,624   7,580  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 877   787   6,640 6,195  
          Marijuana 543   480   4,210 3,896  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 649   585   4,672 4,325  
     Cigarettes 808   752   6,507 5,996  
     Alcohol 1,107   1,079   9,434   9,191  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.36B Whether Participated in a Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Prevention Program Outside School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 12.2   11.7   87.8   88.3  
AGE        
     12-13 15.3   14.4   84.7   85.6  
     14-15 11.8   11.2   88.2   88.8  
     16-17 9.6   9.5   90.4   90.5  
GENDER        
     Male 12.1   11.8   87.9   88.2  
     Female 12.4   11.6   87.6   88.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.4   11.6   87.6   88.4  
          White 10.7   10.3   89.3   89.7  
          Black or African American 18.6   16.7   81.4   83.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15.8   12.8   84.2   87.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 14.8   11.1   85.2   88.9  
          Two or More Races 10.6   13.5   89.4   86.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 11.4   12.0   88.6   88.0  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11.9   11.1   88.1   88.9  
     Small Metro 12.2   12.1   87.8   87.9  
     Nonmetro 13.3   12.7   86.7   87.3  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 11.0 8.7   10.5   10.0  
          Marijuana 7.9 5.8   7.5   6.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 5.6   4.9   5.2   4.9  
     Cigarettes 11.6   10.4   11.9 10.8  
     Alcohol 14.9   14.0   18.0 16.9  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.5   8.5   11.3 10.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 20.3   19.0   21.1 20.0  
          Marijuana 13.7   12.6   14.6 13.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 13.6   12.4   12.8   12.3  
     Cigarettes 17.1   15.5   18.6   17.5  
     Alcohol 28.4   28.6   34.7   34.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 28.6   26.7   30.2 27.8  
          Marijuana 17.7   16.3   19.1 17.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 21.1   19.9   21.2 19.4  
     Cigarettes 26.3   25.5   29.6 26.9  
     Alcohol 36.1   36.6   42.9 41.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.37A Whether Participated in a Program in the Past Year for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Program for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Program for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 1,358   1,341   23,644 23,801  
AGE        
     12-13 564   604   7,673   7,495  
     14-15 416   420   8,189   8,243  
     16-17 378   317   7,782   8,063  
GENDER        
     Male 704   724   12,045   12,122  
     Female 654   617   11,599   11,679  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,091   1,054   19,730   19,751  
          White 662   637   14,749   14,659  
          Black or African American 342   312   3,415   3,529  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 25   13   137   147  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 34   56   956   982  
          Two or More Races 23   33   412   359  
     Hispanic or Latino 268   287   3,914 4,050  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 709   704   12,528   12,841  
     Small Metro 412   436   7,162   6,967  
     Nonmetro 237   201   3,954   3,993  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 257 183   2,394   2,297  
          Marijuana 183   137   1,709   1,571  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 137   99   1,176   1,133  
     Cigarettes 256 194   2,717 2,512  
     Alcohol 269   232   4,142   3,934  
          Binge Alcohol3 190   173   2,589 2,322  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 438 350   4,826   4,644  
          Marijuana 297   254   3,334   3,102  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 303   244   2,943   2,846  
     Cigarettes 327   280   4,287   4,074  
     Alcohol 481   408   8,018   8,002  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 561 467   6,954 6,495  
          Marijuana 365   326   4,393 4,043  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 445   368   4,870 4,526  
     Cigarettes 480   401   6,834 6,338  
     Alcohol 611   528   9,927   9,723  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.37B Whether Participated in a Program in the Past Year for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Program for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Program for Dealing with Drug or Alcohol Use1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 5.4   5.3   94.6   94.7  
AGE        
     12-13 6.9   7.5   93.1   92.5  
     14-15 4.8   4.8   95.2   95.2  
     16-17 4.6   3.8   95.4   96.2  
GENDER        
     Male 5.5   5.6   94.5   94.4  
     Female 5.3   5.0   94.7   95.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.2   5.1   94.8   94.9  
          White 4.3   4.2   95.7   95.8  
          Black or African American 9.1   8.1   90.9   91.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15.3   7.9   84.7   92.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 3.5   5.4   96.5   94.6  
          Two or More Races 5.4   8.5   94.6   91.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 6.4   6.6   93.6   93.4  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 5.4   5.2   94.6   94.8  
     Small Metro 5.4   5.9   94.6   94.1  
     Nonmetro 5.7   4.8   94.3   95.2  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.9 13.7   10.1   9.6  
          Marijuana 13.5   10.2   7.2   6.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.1   7.4   5.0   4.8  
     Cigarettes 18.8 14.5   11.5 10.6  
     Alcohol 19.8   17.3   17.5 16.5  
          Binge Alcohol3 14.0   12.9   10.9 9.8  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 32.2 26.1   20.4   19.5  
          Marijuana 21.9   18.9   14.1 13.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 22.3 18.2   12.4   12.0  
     Cigarettes 24.1   20.9   18.1 17.1  
     Alcohol 35.4 30.4   33.9   33.6  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 41.3 34.9   29.4 27.3  
          Marijuana 26.9   24.3   18.6 17.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 32.8 27.4   20.6 19.0  
     Cigarettes 35.3 29.9   28.9 26.6  
     Alcohol 45.0 39.4   42.0   40.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.38A Whether Participated in a Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention Program in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Pregnancy or STD Prevention Program (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Pregnancy/STD Prevention Program1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 3,526 3,037   21,555 22,166  
AGE        
     12-13 1,089 917   7,217   7,230  
     14-15 1,432 1,196   7,188   7,472  
     16-17 1,005   924   7,150   7,463  
GENDER        
     Male 1,680 1,497   11,121 11,380  
     Female 1,846 1,540   10,434 10,786  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,862 2,381   18,012 18,465  
          White 1,792 1,434   13,655   13,894  
          Black or African American 847   787   2,925   3,050  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 28   19   135   142  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 124   101   868   944  
          Two or More Races 63 30   371   367  
     Hispanic or Latino 664   656   3,543 3,701  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 1,850   1,665   11,422   11,922  
     Small Metro 1,099 869   6,507   6,547  
     Nonmetro 577   503   3,626   3,697  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 412 320   2,245   2,171  
          Marijuana 297 211   1,600   1,504  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 192   158   1,125   1,085  
     Cigarettes 424 271   2,555   2,445  
     Alcohol 597 460   3,818   3,714  
          Binge Alcohol3 356 273   2,429 2,228  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 864 623   4,411   4,385  
          Marijuana 568 393   3,068   2,971  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 536 392   2,719   2,713  
     Cigarettes 640 484   3,983   3,882  
     Alcohol 1,240 992   7,269   7,430  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,205 929   6,327   6,050  
          Marijuana 720 559   4,047   3,821  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 878 646   4,452   4,264  
     Cigarettes 1,042 852   6,284 5,902  
     Alcohol 1,572 1,258   8,986   9,008  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.38B Whether Participated in a Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention Program in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Participated in a Pregnancy or STD Prevention Program (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Participated in Pregnancy/STD Prevention Program1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 14.1 12.0   85.9 88.0  
AGE        
     12-13 13.1 11.3   86.9 88.7  
     14-15 16.6 13.8   83.4 86.2  
     16-17 12.3   11.0   87.7   89.0  
GENDER        
     Male 13.1 11.6   86.9 88.4  
     Female 15.0 12.5   85.0 87.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.7 11.4   86.3 88.6  
          White 11.6 9.4   88.4 90.6  
          Black or African American 22.5   20.5   77.5   79.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 17.2   11.7   82.8   88.3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 12.5   9.7   87.5   90.3  
          Two or More Races 14.6 7.5   85.4 92.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 15.8   15.1   84.2   84.9  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 13.9 12.3   86.1 87.7  
     Small Metro 14.4 11.7   85.6 88.3  
     Nonmetro 13.7   12.0   86.3   88.0  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 11.7   10.5   10.4   9.8  
          Marijuana 8.4   7.0   7.4   6.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 5.5   5.2   5.2   4.9  
     Cigarettes 12.0 8.9   11.9   11.0  
     Alcohol 16.9   15.2   17.7   16.8  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.1   9.0   11.3 10.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 24.5 20.5   20.5   19.8  
          Marijuana 16.1 13.0   14.2   13.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 15.2 12.9   12.6   12.2  
     Cigarettes 18.1   16.0   18.5   17.5  
     Alcohol 35.2   32.7   33.7   33.5  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 34.2 30.6   29.4 27.3  
          Marijuana 20.4   18.4   18.8 17.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 24.9 21.3   20.7 19.2  
     Cigarettes 29.6   28.1   29.2 26.6  
     Alcohol 44.6   41.4   41.7   40.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.39A Whether Youths Talked with at Least One Parent in the Past Year about the Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Talked with at Least One Parent about the Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Talked with Parent about Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 15,063   15,002   9,931   10,085  
AGE        
     12-13 5,188   4,969   3,062   3,113  
     14-15 5,194   5,233   3,401   3,399  
     16-17 4,681   4,800   3,467   3,573  
GENDER        
     Male 7,433   7,511   5,324   5,313  
     Female 7,630   7,491   4,606   4,772  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12,535   12,345   8,272   8,414  
          White 9,675   9,550   5,715   5,712  
          Black or African American 2,027   1,950   1,735   1,874  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 96   98   69   58  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 475   485   513   561  
          Two or More Races 236   231   202   162  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,528   2,657   1,659   1,670  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 8,036   8,065   5,183   5,453  
     Small Metro 4,561   4,506   3,022   2,874  
     Nonmetro 2,465   2,431   1,726   1,757  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,474   1,347   1,169   1,130  
          Marijuana 1,092 956   796   748  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 686   641   623   594  
     Cigarettes 1,698 1,510   1,263   1,189  
     Alcohol 2,550 2,356   1,852   1,795  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,586 1,379   1,189   1,112  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,979 2,729   2,273   2,261  
          Marijuana 2,096 1,894   1,528   1,455  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,778   1,661   1,456   1,434  
     Cigarettes 2,613   2,430   1,991   1,915  
     Alcohol 4,946   4,789   3,542   3,587  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,236 3,791   3,276   3,150  
          Marijuana 2,725 2,430   2,027   1,925  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,933 2,614   2,378   2,273  
     Cigarettes 4,124 3,666   3,192   3,054  
     Alcohol 6,031   5,744   4,498   4,478  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.39B Whether Youths Talked with at Least One Parent in the Past Year about the Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Talked with at Least One Parent about the Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Talked with Parent about Dangers of Drug, Tobacco, or Alcohol Use1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 60.3   59.8   39.7   40.2  
AGE        
     12-13 62.9   61.5   37.1   38.5  
     14-15 60.4   60.6   39.6   39.4  
     16-17 57.4   57.3   42.6   42.7  
GENDER        
     Male 58.3   58.6   41.7   41.4  
     Female 62.4   61.1   37.6   38.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 60.2   59.5   39.8   40.5  
          White 62.9   62.6   37.1   37.4  
          Black or African American 53.9   51.0   46.1   49.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 58.2   62.7   41.8   37.3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 48.1   46.4   51.9   53.6  
          Two or More Races 53.9   58.8   46.1   41.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 60.4   61.4   39.6   38.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 60.8   59.7   39.2   40.3  
     Small Metro 60.2   61.1   39.8   38.9  
     Nonmetro 58.8   58.0   41.2   42.0  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 9.8   9.0   11.8   11.2  
          Marijuana 7.2 6.4   8.0   7.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.6   4.3   6.3   5.9  
     Cigarettes 11.3 10.1   12.7   11.8  
     Alcohol 16.9 15.7   18.7   17.8  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.5 9.2   12.0   11.0  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 19.8 18.2   22.9   22.4  
          Marijuana 13.9 12.6   15.4   14.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.8   11.1   14.7   14.2  
     Cigarettes 17.3   16.2   20.0   19.0  
     Alcohol 32.8   31.9   35.7   35.6  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 28.1 25.3   33.0   31.2  
          Marijuana 18.1 16.2   20.4   19.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.5 17.4   23.9   22.5  
     Cigarettes 27.4 24.4   32.1 30.3  
     Alcohol 40.0 38.3   45.3   44.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.40A Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages from Sources Outside School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages from Sources Outside School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Outside School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 20,762 20,365   4,252 4,745  
AGE        
     12-13 6,465   6,154   1,781   1,938  
     14-15 7,273   7,153   1,332 1,489  
     16-17 7,025   7,058   1,139 1,318  
GENDER        
     Male 10,371   10,277   2,405   2,548  
     Female 10,392 10,088   1,848 2,197  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 17,373 16,943   3,452 3,840  
          White 13,031   12,567   2,371 2,717  
          Black or African American 2,998   2,987   768   835  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 121   125   43   36  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 803   891   191   152  
          Two or More Races 362   309   71   86  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,390   3,421   800   905  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,084   11,031   2,157 2,490  
     Small Metro 6,282   6,013   1,309   1,383  
     Nonmetro 3,396   3,321   786   872  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,147   1,988   502   495  
          Marijuana 1,539 1,378   351   335  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,055   969   254   265  
     Cigarettes 2,397 2,101   569   596  
     Alcohol 3,704 3,414   700   745  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,268 2,006   511   489  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,360 4,063   905   928  
          Marijuana 3,005 2,730   627   625  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,703   2,529   538   564  
     Cigarettes 3,784 3,422   822   917  
     Alcohol 7,216   6,958   1,278 1,430  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 6,218 5,643   1,306   1,313  
          Marijuana 3,925 3,517   837   847  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4,400 3,992   919   903  
     Cigarettes 6,041 5,429   1,271   1,287  
     Alcohol 8,905 8,422   1,631 1,803  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.40B Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages from Sources Outside School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages from Sources Outside School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Outside School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 83.0 81.1   17.0 18.9  
AGE        
     12-13 78.4 76.1   21.6 23.9  
     14-15 84.5 82.8   15.5 17.2  
     16-17 86.1 84.3   13.9 15.7  
GENDER        
     Male 81.2   80.1   18.8   19.9  
     Female 84.9 82.1   15.1 17.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 83.4 81.5   16.6 18.5  
          White 84.6 82.2   15.4 17.8  
          Black or African American 79.6   78.2   20.4   21.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 73.8   77.5   26.2   22.5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 80.8   85.4   19.2   14.6  
          Two or More Races 83.5   78.3   16.5   21.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 80.9   79.1   19.1   20.9  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 83.7 81.6   16.3 18.4  
     Small Metro 82.8   81.3   17.2   18.7  
     Nonmetro 81.2   79.2   18.8   20.8  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 10.3   9.8   11.8   10.4  
          Marijuana 7.4   6.8   8.2   7.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 5.1   4.8   6.0   5.6  
     Cigarettes 11.5 10.3   13.4   12.6  
     Alcohol 17.8 16.8   16.5   15.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.9 9.9   12.0   10.3  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 21.0   20.0   21.3   19.6  
          Marijuana 14.5 13.4   14.7   13.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 13.0   12.4   12.7   11.9  
     Cigarettes 18.2 16.8   19.3   19.3  
     Alcohol 34.8   34.2   30.0   30.1  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 30.0 27.7   30.7 27.7  
          Marijuana 18.9 17.3   19.7   17.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 21.2 19.6   21.6 19.0  
     Cigarettes 29.1 26.7   29.9 27.1  
     Alcohol 42.9 41.4   38.3   38.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.41A Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 17,794   18,191   4,955   5,157  
AGE        
     12-13 5,951   5,903   1,243   1,353  
     14-15 6,405   6,565   1,546   1,574  
     16-17 5,437   5,723   2,165   2,231  
GENDER        
     Male 8,806   8,984   2,812   2,928  
     Female 8,988   9,207   2,143   2,229  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,126   15,245   4,133   4,293  
          White 11,451   11,388   3,149   3,272  
          Black or African American 2,428   2,662   705   741  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 118   97   24   31  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 754   765   164   166  
          Two or More Races 317   287   88   66  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,668 2,946   822   864  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,430   9,879   2,565   2,696  
     Small Metro 5,426   5,327   1,551   1,563  
     Nonmetro 2,938   2,985   839   897  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,785   1,665   675   682  
          Marijuana 1,256   1,173   527   467  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 901   810   305   338  
     Cigarettes 1,947   1,813   855   763  
     Alcohol 3,074   2,989   1,091   1,019  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,876   1,740   730   653  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,607   3,482   1,294   1,241  
          Marijuana 2,443   2,366   995 869  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,257   2,146   745   748  
     Cigarettes 3,129   3,010   1,206   1,142  
     Alcohol 6,062   6,082   1,951   1,975  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,163 4,816   1,811   1,728  
          Marijuana 3,190   3,038   1,300 1,159  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,674 3,369   1,231   1,198  
     Cigarettes 5,051 4,682   1,816   1,719  
     Alcohol 7,447   7,352   2,399   2,412  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.41B Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Whether Youths Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages at School1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 78.2   77.9   21.8   22.1  
AGE        
     12-13 82.7   81.4   17.3   18.6  
     14-15 80.6   80.7   19.4   19.3  
     16-17 71.5   72.0   28.5   28.0  
GENDER        
     Male 75.8   75.4   24.2   24.6  
     Female 80.7   80.5   19.3   19.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 78.5   78.0   21.5   22.0  
          White 78.4   77.7   21.6   22.3  
          Black or African American 77.5   78.2   22.5   21.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 82.9   75.5   17.1   24.5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 82.2   82.2   17.8   17.8  
          Two or More Races 78.3   81.3   21.7   18.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 76.5   77.3   23.5   22.7  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 78.6   78.6   21.4   21.4  
     Small Metro 77.8   77.3   22.2   22.7  
     Nonmetro 77.8   76.9   22.2   23.1  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 10.0 9.2   13.6   13.2  
          Marijuana 7.1   6.4   10.6   9.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 5.1 4.5   6.2   6.5  
     Cigarettes 10.9 10.0   17.3 14.8  
     Alcohol 17.3   16.4   22.0 19.8  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.5 9.6   14.7 12.7  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 20.3   19.1   26.1   24.1  
          Marijuana 13.7   13.0   20.1 16.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 12.7   11.8   15.0   14.5  
     Cigarettes 17.6   16.5   24.3   22.1  
     Alcohol 34.1   33.4   39.4   38.3  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 29.0 26.5   36.6 33.5  
          Marijuana 17.9 16.7   26.2 22.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 20.6 18.5   24.9   23.2  
     Cigarettes 28.4 25.7   36.6 33.3  
     Alcohol 41.9 40.4   48.4   46.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.42A Number of Youth Activities Participated in During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Youth Activities Participated in (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Number of Youth Activities Participated In1
One or Fewer Two or More
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 3,041   3,229   19,771   20,191  
AGE        
     12-13 773   815   6,463   6,474  
     14-15 1,064   1,120   6,903   7,043  
     16-17 1,203   1,294   6,404   6,674  
GENDER        
     Male 1,791   1,847   9,865   10,104  
     Female 1,250   1,382   9,905   10,088  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,328   2,418   16,990   17,179  
          White 1,733   1,817   12,907   12,885  
          Black or African American 381   413   2,768   3,000  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   24   *   104  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 102   116   819   815  
          Two or More Races 70 40   335   322  
     Hispanic or Latino 713   811   2,780   3,013  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 1,589   1,729   10,448   10,885  
     Small Metro 942   1,004   6,049   5,914  
     Nonmetro 511   496   3,274   3,393  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 529   538   1,931   1,815  
          Marijuana 443   427   1,340   1,218  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 254   228   953   922  
     Cigarettes 688   689   2,118 1,891  
     Alcohol 765   730   3,403   3,291  
          Binge Alcohol3 525   491   2,082   1,910  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 920   919   3,993   3,812  
          Marijuana 748   743   2,698   2,499  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 580   535   2,430   2,364  
     Cigarettes 933   952   3,409   3,207  
     Alcohol 1,275   1,352   6,751   6,721  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,260   1,200   5,733 5,358  
          Marijuana 987   947   3,512 3,260  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 898   784   4,020   3,793  
     Cigarettes 1,347   1,316   5,529 5,099  
     Alcohol 1,551   1,615   8,309   8,166  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school. Youths who participated in "One or Fewer" activities must have answered two or more of the four activity questions with a "yes" or "no" response to be included; whereas youths who participated in "Two or More" activities were included regardless of the number of youth activities they answered.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.42B Number of Youth Activities Participated in During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Youth Activities Participated in (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Number of Youth Activities Participated In1
One or Fewer Two or More
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 13.3   13.8   86.7   86.2  
AGE        
     12-13 10.7   11.2   89.3   88.8  
     14-15 13.4   13.7   86.6   86.3  
     16-17 15.8   16.2   84.2   83.8  
GENDER        
     Male 15.4   15.5   84.6   84.5  
     Female 11.2   12.1   88.8   87.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.0   12.3   88.0   87.7  
          White 11.8   12.4   88.2   87.6  
          Black or African American 12.1   12.1   87.9   87.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   18.9   *   81.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 11.1   12.4   88.9   87.6  
          Two or More Races 17.4 11.0   82.6 89.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 20.4   21.2   79.6   78.8  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 13.2   13.7   86.8   86.3  
     Small Metro 13.5   14.5   86.5   85.5  
     Nonmetro 13.5   12.8   86.5   87.2  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.4   16.7   9.8   9.0  
          Marijuana 14.6   13.2   6.8 6.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.4   7.1   4.8   4.6  
     Cigarettes 22.6   21.3   10.7 9.4  
     Alcohol 25.1   22.6   17.2   16.3  
          Binge Alcohol3 17.3   15.2   10.5 9.5  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 30.3   28.5   20.2 18.9  
          Marijuana 24.6   23.0   13.6 12.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.1   16.6   12.3   11.7  
     Cigarettes 30.7   29.5   17.2 15.9  
     Alcohol 41.9   41.9   34.1   33.3  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 41.4 37.2   29.0 26.5  
          Marijuana 32.5   29.3   17.8 16.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 29.5 24.3   20.3 18.8  
     Cigarettes 44.3   40.8   28.0 25.3  
     Alcohol 51.0   50.0   42.0 40.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school. Youths who participated in "One or Fewer" activities must have answered two or more of the four activity questions with a "yes" or "no" response to be included; whereas youths who participated in "Two or More" activities were included regardless of the number of youth activities they answered.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.43A Who Youths Talk With about a Serious Problem, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Who Youths Talk With about a Serious Problem (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Would Talk With about a Serious Problem1
No One Someone
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 872   931   23,857   23,945  
AGE        
     12-13 253   296   7,925   7,746  
     14-15 346   338   8,157   8,191  
     16-17 274   298   7,775   8,009  
GENDER        
     Male 494   559   12,142   12,134  
     Female 377   373   11,715 11,811  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 715   748   19,848   19,827  
          White 491   472   14,742   14,670  
          Black or African American 138   175   3,591   3,606  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8   9   153   150  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 51   75   897   954  
          Two or More Races 24   12   403   375  
     Hispanic or Latino 157   183   4,010 4,118  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 455   522   12,632   12,873  
     Small Metro 271   268   7,232   7,055  
     Nonmetro 145   142   3,994   4,017  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 155   183   2,436   2,263  
          Marijuana 116   121   1,743 1,566  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 73 114   1,200   1,100  
     Cigarettes 176   175   2,735 2,514  
     Alcohol 204   192   4,122   3,910  
          Binge Alcohol3 124   125   2,610 2,350  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 267   289   4,883   4,654  
          Marijuana 194   193   3,367 3,129  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 179   197   2,986   2,865  
     Cigarettes 235   239   4,295   4,067  
     Alcohol 355   340   8,010   7,949  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 346   386   7,034 6,494  
          Marijuana 227   229   4,459 4,093  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 278   301   4,927 4,540  
     Cigarettes 326   354   6,875 6,293  
     Alcohol 428   434   9,949   9,679  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents who reported that there was both someone and nobody they could talk with were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.43B Who Youths Talk With about a Serious Problem, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Who Youths Talk With about a Serious Problem (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Would Talk With about a Serious Problem1
No One Someone
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 3.5   3.7   96.5   96.3  
AGE        
     12-13 3.1   3.7   96.9   96.3  
     14-15 4.1   4.0   95.9   96.0  
     16-17 3.4   3.6   96.6   96.4  
GENDER        
     Male 3.9   4.4   96.1   95.6  
     Female 3.1   3.1   96.9   96.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3.5   3.6   96.5   96.4  
          White 3.2   3.1   96.8   96.9  
          Black or African American 3.7   4.6   96.3   95.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 5.3   5.7   94.7   94.3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 5.4   7.3   94.6   92.7  
          Two or More Races 5.7   3.2   94.3   96.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.8   4.3   96.2   95.7  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 3.5   3.9   96.5   96.1  
     Small Metro 3.6   3.7   96.4   96.3  
     Nonmetro 3.5   3.4   96.5   96.6  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.8   19.6   10.2 9.4  
          Marijuana 13.3   13.0   7.3 6.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.3   12.2   5.0   4.6  
     Cigarettes 20.1   18.8   11.5 10.5  
     Alcohol 23.4   20.6   17.3 16.3  
          Binge Alcohol3 14.2   13.4   10.9 9.8  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 30.7   31.0   20.5 19.4  
          Marijuana 22.2   20.7   14.1 13.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 20.6   21.1   12.5   12.0  
     Cigarettes 26.9   25.7   18.0 17.0  
     Alcohol 40.7   36.5   33.6   33.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 39.7   41.4   29.5 27.1  
          Marijuana 26.0   24.6   18.7 17.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 31.8   32.3   20.7 19.0  
     Cigarettes 37.4   38.0   28.8 26.3  
     Alcohol 49.1   46.6   41.7 40.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents who reported that there was both someone and nobody they could talk with were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.44A Number of Times Attended Religious Services in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Times Attended Religious Services in the Past Year (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Times Attended Religious Services1
25 or More Fewer Than 25
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 7,907   8,162   16,778   16,706  
AGE        
     12-13 2,548   2,609   5,522   5,361  
     14-15 2,836   2,868   5,664   5,711  
     16-17 2,523   2,686   5,593   5,634  
GENDER        
     Male 3,745   3,873   8,845   8,842  
     Female 4,163   4,290   7,934   7,864  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,027   7,171   13,535   13,435  
          White 5,509   5,578   9,733   9,588  
          Black or African American 1,152   1,082   2,537   2,700  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 29   33   134   126  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 225   330   749   705  
          Two or More Races 98   128   333 263  
     Hispanic or Latino 881   992   3,244   3,271  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 3,905   4,210   9,152   9,191  
     Small Metro 2,556   2,449   4,935   4,874  
     Nonmetro 1,446   1,504   2,692   2,641  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 505   478   2,126   1,991  
          Marijuana 323   292   1,561   1,417  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 254   255   1,042   970  
     Cigarettes 588 493   2,355   2,201  
     Alcohol 1,042   961   3,333   3,182  
          Binge Alcohol3 575   492   2,190 1,996  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,193   1,121   4,022   3,826  
          Marijuana 762   677   2,839   2,661  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 744   739   2,468   2,323  
     Cigarettes 1,018   929   3,552   3,397  
     Alcohol 2,204   2,172   6,232   6,183  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,809   1,673   5,621 5,220  
          Marijuana 975   891   3,743 3,447  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,308   1,246   3,943 3,601  
     Cigarettes 1,782 1,607   5,446 5,077  
     Alcohol 2,773   2,688   7,674   7,485  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.44B Number of Times Attended Religious Services in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Times Attended Religious Services in the Past Year (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Times Attended Religious Services1
25 or More Fewer Than 25
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 32.0   32.8   68.0   67.2  
AGE        
     12-13 31.6   32.7   68.4   67.3  
     14-15 33.4   33.4   66.6   66.6  
     16-17 31.1   32.3   68.9   67.7  
GENDER        
     Male 29.7   30.5   70.3   69.5  
     Female 34.4   35.3   65.6   64.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 34.2   34.8   65.8   65.2  
          White 36.1   36.8   63.9   63.2  
          Black or African American 31.2   28.6   68.8   71.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 17.8   20.9   82.2   79.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 23.1 31.9   76.9 68.1  
          Two or More Races 22.7 32.7   77.3 67.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 21.4   23.3   78.6   76.7  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 29.9   31.4   70.1   68.6  
     Small Metro 34.1   33.4   65.9   66.6  
     Nonmetro 34.9   36.3   65.1   63.7  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 6.4   5.9   12.7   11.9  
          Marijuana 4.1   3.6   9.3 8.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.2   3.1   6.2   5.8  
     Cigarettes 7.4 6.0   14.0   13.2  
     Alcohol 13.2   11.8   19.9   19.0  
          Binge Alcohol3 7.3 6.0   13.1 11.9  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 15.1   13.7   24.0   22.9  
          Marijuana 9.6 8.3   16.9   15.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 9.4   9.1   14.7   13.9  
     Cigarettes 12.9 11.4   21.2   20.3  
     Alcohol 27.9   26.6   37.1   37.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 22.9 20.5   33.5 31.2  
          Marijuana 12.3 10.9   22.3 20.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 16.5   15.3   23.5 21.6  
     Cigarettes 22.5 19.7   32.5 30.4  
     Alcohol 35.1 32.9   45.7   44.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.45A Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youths' Life, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Life1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 18,988   19,063   5,664   5,725  
AGE        
     12-13 6,627   6,511   1,464   1,421  
     14-15 6,488   6,576   1,994   1,985  
     16-17 5,873   5,976   2,206   2,319  
GENDER        
     Male 9,274   9,395   3,267   3,229  
     Female 9,714   9,667   2,397   2,495  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,742   15,688   4,802   4,863  
          White 11,409   11,216   3,846   3,936  
          Black or African American 3,107   3,149   559   597  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 127   118   33   41  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 744   834   226   192  
          Two or More Races 301   305   128 86  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,246 3,375   862   861  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,992   10,173   3,072   3,161  
     Small Metro 5,737   5,636   1,725   1,674  
     Nonmetro 3,259   3,253   867   890  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,543   1,473   1,048   982  
          Marijuana 1,043   926   814   765  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 752   759   521   464  
     Cigarettes 1,765 1,547   1,165   1,125  
     Alcohol 2,836   2,678   1,508   1,441  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,701 1,541   1,040   924  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,327   3,158   1,839   1,772  
          Marijuana 2,193 2,000   1,382   1,318  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,022   1,957   1,153   1,092  
     Cigarettes 2,948   2,735   1,600   1,561  
     Alcohol 5,704   5,702   2,690   2,626  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,937 4,586   2,467   2,286  
          Marijuana 2,976 2,705   1,720   1,606  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,438   3,230   1,794 1,607  
     Cigarettes 4,963 4,470   2,250   2,174  
     Alcohol 7,252   7,085   3,152   3,069  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.45B Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youths' Life, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Life1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 77.0   76.9   23.0   23.1  
AGE        
     12-13 81.9   82.1   18.1   17.9  
     14-15 76.5   76.8   23.5   23.2  
     16-17 72.7   72.0   27.3   28.0  
GENDER        
     Male 74.0   74.4   26.0   25.6  
     Female 80.2   79.5   19.8   20.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 76.6   76.3   23.4   23.7  
          White 74.8   74.0   25.2   26.0  
          Black or African American 84.7   84.1   15.3   15.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 79.2   74.2   20.8   25.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 76.7   81.3   23.3   18.7  
          Two or More Races 70.2 78.0   29.8 22.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 79.0   79.7   21.0   20.3  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 76.5   76.3   23.5   23.7  
     Small Metro 76.9   77.1   23.1   22.9  
     Nonmetro 79.0   78.5   21.0   21.5  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.1   7.7   18.5   17.2  
          Marijuana 5.5 4.9   14.4   13.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.0   4.0   9.2   8.1  
     Cigarettes 9.3 8.1   20.6   19.7  
     Alcohol 14.9   14.0   26.6   25.2  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.0 8.1   18.4 16.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.5   16.6   32.5   31.0  
          Marijuana 11.5 10.5   24.4   23.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.6   10.3   20.4   19.1  
     Cigarettes 15.5 14.3   28.2   27.3  
     Alcohol 30.0   29.9   47.5   45.9  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.0 24.1   43.6 39.9  
          Marijuana 15.7 14.2   30.4 28.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.1 16.9   31.7 28.1  
     Cigarettes 26.1 23.4   39.7   38.0  
     Alcohol 38.2   37.2   55.7   53.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.46A Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Influence How Youths Make Decisions in Life, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Influence How They Make Decisions in Life (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Religious Beliefs Influence How Youths Make Decisions in Life1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 16,764   16,834   7,879   7,945  
AGE        
     12-13 6,007   5,911   2,057   2,050  
     14-15 5,688   5,725   2,812   2,798  
     16-17 5,068   5,197   3,011   3,097  
GENDER        
     Male 8,256   8,372   4,292   4,260  
     Female 8,507   8,462   3,588   3,684  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13,964   13,952   6,576   6,583  
          White 10,041   9,919   5,215   5,208  
          Black or African American 2,852   2,865   815   885  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 120   117   43   42  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 652   719   308   312  
          Two or More Races 251   276   181 113  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,799   2,882   1,304   1,362  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 8,657   8,845   4,378   4,488  
     Small Metro 5,135   5,054   2,343   2,249  
     Nonmetro 2,971   2,934   1,158   1,208  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,179   1,163   1,424   1,295  
          Marijuana 783   715   1,076   976  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 592   615   695   617  
     Cigarettes 1,325   1,192   1,593   1,480  
     Alcohol 2,259   2,091   2,087   2,025  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,326 1,169   1,403   1,295  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,678   2,546   2,506   2,390  
          Marijuana 1,717 1,547   1,861   1,768  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,625   1,599   1,571   1,466  
     Cigarettes 2,307   2,175   2,225   2,124  
     Alcohol 4,720   4,659   3,686   3,652  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,096 3,775   3,310   3,102  
          Marijuana 2,363 2,105   2,330   2,202  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,864   2,692   2,377 2,162  
     Cigarettes 4,080 3,665   3,123   2,976  
     Alcohol 6,066   5,865   4,333   4,269  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.46B Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Influence How Youths Make Decisions in Life, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That Religious Beliefs Influence How They Make Decisions in Life (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Religious Beliefs Influence How Youths Make Decisions in Life1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 68.0   67.9   32.0   32.1  
AGE        
     12-13 74.5   74.3   25.5   25.7  
     14-15 66.9   67.2   33.1   32.8  
     16-17 62.7   62.7   37.3   37.3  
GENDER        
     Male 65.8   66.3   34.2   33.7  
     Female 70.3   69.7   29.7   30.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 68.0   67.9   32.0   32.1  
          White 65.8   65.6   34.2   34.4  
          Black or African American 77.8   76.4   22.2   23.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 73.5   73.4   26.5   26.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 67.9   69.7   32.1   30.3  
          Two or More Races 58.1 70.9   41.9 29.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 68.2   67.9   31.8   32.1  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 66.4   66.3   33.6   33.7  
     Small Metro 68.7   69.2   31.3   30.8  
     Nonmetro 72.0   70.8   28.0   29.2  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 7.0   6.9   18.1 16.3  
          Marijuana 4.7   4.2   13.7   12.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.5   3.7   8.8   7.8  
     Cigarettes 7.9 7.1   20.2   18.6  
     Alcohol 13.5 12.4   26.5   25.5  
          Binge Alcohol3 7.9 6.9   17.8   16.3  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 16.0   15.1   31.8   30.1  
          Marijuana 10.2 9.2   23.6   22.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 9.7   9.5   19.9   18.4  
     Cigarettes 13.8   12.9   28.2   26.7  
     Alcohol 28.2   27.7   46.8   46.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 24.4 22.4   42.0 39.0  
          Marijuana 14.1 12.5   29.6   27.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 17.1   16.0   30.2 27.2  
     Cigarettes 24.3 21.8   39.6   37.5  
     Alcohol 36.2   34.8   55.0   53.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.47A Youths' Feelings That It Is Important for Friends to Share Youths' Religious Beliefs, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That It Is Important for Friends to Share Their Religious Beliefs (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 8,400   8,637   16,238   16,104  
AGE        
     12-13 3,231   3,134   4,867   4,797  
     14-15 2,748   2,959   5,723   5,568  
     16-17 2,421   2,544   5,648   5,740  
GENDER        
     Male 4,124 4,374   8,403   8,227  
     Female 4,276   4,263   7,835   7,876  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,007   7,135   13,538   13,359  
          White 4,979   5,011   10,265   10,100  
          Black or African American 1,525   1,518   2,154   2,212  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 64   77   98   78  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 303   380   666   655  
          Two or More Races 100   124   328   264  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,394   1,502   2,700   2,745  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 3,930   4,250   9,112   9,098  
     Small Metro 2,795   2,705   4,680   4,574  
     Nonmetro 1,675   1,682   2,446   2,432  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 569   541   2,033   1,915  
          Marijuana 356   314   1,503   1,377  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 294   309   990   920  
     Cigarettes 664   570   2,257   2,094  
     Alcohol 986   900   3,370   3,225  
          Binge Alcohol3 612   540   2,122 1,929  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,242   1,152   3,935   3,778  
          Marijuana 774   669   2,801   2,649  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 757   734   2,429   2,322  
     Cigarettes 1,130   1,075   3,407   3,213  
     Alcohol 2,035   2,081   6,370   6,246  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,904   1,856   5,497 5,009  
          Marijuana 1,066   993   3,618 3,319  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,324   1,321   3,907 3,516  
     Cigarettes 1,974   1,867   5,227 4,770  
     Alcohol 2,701   2,726   7,701   7,408  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.47B Youths' Feelings That It Is Important for Friends to Share Youths' Religious Beliefs, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings That It Is Important for Friends to Share Their Religious Beliefs (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs1
Agree/Strongly Agree Disagree/Strongly Disagree
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 34.1   34.9   65.9   65.1  
AGE        
     12-13 39.9   39.5   60.1   60.5  
     14-15 32.4 34.7   67.6 65.3  
     16-17 30.0   30.7   70.0   69.3  
GENDER        
     Male 32.9 34.7   67.1 65.3  
     Female 35.3   35.1   64.7   64.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 34.1   34.8   65.9   65.2  
          White 32.7   33.2   67.3   66.8  
          Black or African American 41.4   40.7   58.6   59.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 39.4   49.8   60.6   50.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 31.3   36.7   68.7   63.3  
          Two or More Races 23.4 31.9   76.6 68.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 34.1   35.4   65.9   64.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 30.1   31.8   69.9   68.2  
     Small Metro 37.4   37.2   62.6   62.8  
     Nonmetro 40.6   40.9   59.4   59.1  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 6.8   6.3   12.5   11.9  
          Marijuana 4.2   3.6   9.3   8.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.5   3.6   6.1   5.7  
     Cigarettes 7.9 6.6   13.9   13.0  
     Alcohol 11.7 10.4   20.8   20.0  
          Binge Alcohol3 7.3   6.3   13.1 12.0  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 14.8   13.3   24.2   23.5  
          Marijuana 9.2 7.7   17.2   16.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 9.0   8.5   15.0   14.4  
     Cigarettes 13.5   12.4   21.0   19.9  
     Alcohol 24.2   24.1   39.2   38.8  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 22.7   21.5   33.9 31.1  
          Marijuana 12.7   11.5   22.3 20.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 15.8   15.3   24.1 21.8  
     Cigarettes 23.5 21.6   32.2 29.6  
     Alcohol 32.2   31.6   47.4   46.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.48A Grade Average for the Last Grading Period Completed, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Grade Average for the Last Grading Period Completed (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Grade Average for Last Grading Period Completed1
"D" or Lower "A," "B," or "C"
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 1,473   1,534   20,354   20,887  
AGE        
     12-13 372   415   6,404   6,371  
     14-15 619   591   7,045   7,265  
     16-17 483   528   6,905   7,250  
GENDER        
     Male 899   982   10,203   10,414  
     Female 574   552   10,151   10,473  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,186   1,195   17,363   17,615  
          White 871   898   13,223   13,246  
          Black or African American 226   237   2,771   3,007  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15   13   121   114  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 26   12   854   882  
          Two or More Races 39   25   344   321  
     Hispanic or Latino 287   339   2,990   3,271  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 729   746   10,728   11,281  
     Small Metro 468   506   6,255   6,160  
     Nonmetro 277   283   3,370   3,445  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 332   366   2,044   1,900  
          Marijuana 267   275   1,455   1,308  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 159   183   1,002   930  
     Cigarettes 408   443   2,301 2,055  
     Alcohol 427   406   3,605   3,478  
          Binge Alcohol3 294   289   2,218   2,035  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 554   591   4,179   3,957  
          Marijuana 455   445   2,861   2,660  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 348   381   2,569   2,425  
     Cigarettes 568   592   3,609   3,431  
     Alcohol 733   742   7,041   7,098  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 763   762   5,972 5,551  
          Marijuana 585   550   3,750 3,497  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 545   551   4,202 3,863  
     Cigarettes 790   771   5,832 5,427  
     Alcohol 919   897   8,603   8,586  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported their school does not give these grades were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.48B Grade Average for the Last Grading Period Completed, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Grade Average for the Last Grading Period Completed (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Grade Average for Last Grading Period Completed1
"D" or Lower "A," "B," or "C"
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 6.7   6.8   93.3   93.2  
AGE        
     12-13 5.5   6.1   94.5   93.9  
     14-15 8.1   7.5   91.9   92.5  
     16-17 6.5   6.8   93.5   93.2  
GENDER        
     Male 8.1   8.6   91.9   91.4  
     Female 5.3   5.0   94.7   95.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 6.4   6.4   93.6   93.6  
          White 6.2   6.3   93.8   93.7  
          Black or African American 7.5   7.3   92.5   92.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11.3   10.2   88.7   89.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 3.0   1.3   97.0   98.7  
          Two or More Races 10.1   7.3   89.9   92.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 8.8   9.4   91.2   90.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 6.4   6.2   93.6   93.8  
     Small Metro 7.0   7.6   93.0   92.4  
     Nonmetro 7.6   7.6   92.4   92.4  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 22.5   23.9   10.0 9.1  
          Marijuana 18.1   17.9   7.1 6.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.8   11.9   4.9   4.5  
     Cigarettes 27.7   28.9   11.3 9.8  
     Alcohol 29.0   26.5   17.7 16.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 19.9   18.8   10.9 9.7  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 37.6   38.5   20.5 18.9  
          Marijuana 30.9   29.0   14.1 12.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 23.6   24.8   12.6 11.6  
     Cigarettes 38.6   38.6   17.7 16.4  
     Alcohol 49.8   48.4   34.6   34.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 51.8   49.7   29.3 26.6  
          Marijuana 39.7   35.8   18.4 16.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 37.0   35.9   20.6 18.5  
     Cigarettes 53.6   50.2   28.7 26.0  
     Alcohol 62.4   58.5   42.3   41.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported their school does not give these grades were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.49A Youths' Feelings about Going to School During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings about Going to School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Feelings about Going to School1
Liked a Lot/Kind of Liked Didn't Like Very Much/Hated
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 17,924 18,701   4,891   4,742  
AGE        
     12-13 5,926   5,993   1,304   1,303  
     14-15 6,238   6,552   1,740   1,615  
     16-17 5,760 6,156   1,847   1,824  
GENDER        
     Male 8,878 9,301   2,775   2,666  
     Female 9,046   9,400   2,116   2,076  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,097   15,504   4,224   4,108  
          White 11,147   11,323   3,488   3,386  
          Black or African American 2,692   2,969   464   450  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 114   99   29   30  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 791   788   127   143  
          Two or More Races 299   284   109 75  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,827 3,196   668   635  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,528 10,091   2,515   2,535  
     Small Metro 5,468   5,586   1,519 1,335  
     Nonmetro 2,928   3,024   857   872  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,508   1,484   958   880  
          Marijuana 1,073   976   714   680  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 699   713   511   444  
     Cigarettes 1,730   1,571   1,079   1,020  
     Alcohol 2,785   2,727   1,392   1,304  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,653   1,549   958   860  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,163   3,208   1,757 1,538  
          Marijuana 2,165   2,125   1,286 1,130  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,871   1,880   1,144   1,030  
     Cigarettes 2,808   2,720   1,539   1,453  
     Alcohol 5,688   5,882   2,344   2,205  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,710   4,588   2,290 1,988  
          Marijuana 2,937   2,819   1,567 1,400  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,209   3,110   1,716 1,484  
     Cigarettes 4,738   4,485   2,149 1,944  
     Alcohol 7,083   7,150   2,783   2,650  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.49B Youths' Feelings about Going to School During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Feelings about Going to School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Feelings about Going to School1
Liked a Lot/Kind of Liked Didn't Like Very Much/Hated
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 78.6 79.8   21.4 20.2  
AGE        
     12-13 82.0   82.1   18.0   17.9  
     14-15 78.2 80.2   21.8 19.8  
     16-17 75.7   77.1   24.3   22.9  
GENDER        
     Male 76.2 77.7   23.8 22.3  
     Female 81.0   81.9   19.0   18.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 78.1   79.1   21.9   20.9  
          White 76.2   77.0   23.8   23.0  
          Black or African American 85.3   86.8   14.7   13.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 79.7   76.8   20.3   23.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 86.1   84.6   13.9   15.4  
          Two or More Races 73.3   79.0   26.7   21.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 80.9   83.4   19.1   16.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 79.1   79.9   20.9   20.1  
     Small Metro 78.3 80.7   21.7 19.3  
     Nonmetro 77.4   77.6   22.6   22.4  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.4   7.9   19.6   18.6  
          Marijuana 6.0 5.2   14.6   14.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.9   3.8   10.5   9.4  
     Cigarettes 9.7 8.4   22.1   21.5  
     Alcohol 15.5   14.6   28.5   27.5  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.2 8.3   19.6   18.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.6   17.2   35.9 32.4  
          Marijuana 12.1   11.4   26.3 23.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.4   10.1   23.4   21.7  
     Cigarettes 15.7 14.5   31.5   30.6  
     Alcohol 31.7   31.5   47.9   46.5  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.3 24.5   46.8 41.9  
          Marijuana 16.4 15.1   32.0 29.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 17.9 16.6   35.1 31.3  
     Cigarettes 26.4 24.0   43.9 41.0  
     Alcohol 39.5   38.2   56.9   55.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.50A How Often Youths Felt in the Past Year That Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Youths Felt That Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 17,720   18,359   5,087   5,064  
AGE        
     12-13 6,044   6,043   1,184   1,240  
     14-15 6,036   6,317   1,935   1,848  
     16-17 5,640 6,000   1,967   1,976  
GENDER        
     Male 8,855   9,101   2,793   2,858  
     Female 8,865   9,258   2,294   2,207  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 14,887   15,181   4,430   4,423  
          White 10,941   11,055   3,691   3,653  
          Black or African American 2,705   2,925   450   492  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 121   100   22   27  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 800   767   120   163  
          Two or More Races 267   290   141 72  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,833 3,178   656   641  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,422   9,878   2,607   2,740  
     Small Metro 5,411   5,463   1,579   1,449  
     Nonmetro 2,888   3,019   900   875  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,475   1,501   990 859  
          Marijuana 1,031   1,018   755 634  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 709   719   501   437  
     Cigarettes 1,744   1,618   1,065   974  
     Alcohol 2,675   2,694   1,499 1,329  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,570   1,574   1,038 829  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,168   3,196   1,748 1,545  
          Marijuana 2,153   2,144   1,297 1,105  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,879   1,880   1,133   1,028  
     Cigarettes 2,824   2,748   1,524   1,425  
     Alcohol 5,461   5,697   2,565   2,386  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,674   4,534   2,319 2,028  
          Marijuana 2,897   2,820   1,604 1,391  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,216   3,080   1,702 1,499  
     Cigarettes 4,715   4,469   2,169 1,954  
     Alcohol 6,879   6,975   2,978   2,814  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.50B How Often Youths Felt in the Past Year That Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Youths Felt That Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Assigned Schoolwork Was Meaningful and Important1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 77.7   78.4   22.3   21.6  
AGE        
     12-13 83.6   83.0   16.4   17.0  
     14-15 75.7   77.4   24.3   22.6  
     16-17 74.1   75.2   25.9   24.8  
GENDER        
     Male 76.0   76.1   24.0   23.9  
     Female 79.4   80.8   20.6   19.2  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 77.1   77.4   22.9   22.6  
          White 74.8   75.2   25.2   24.8  
          Black or African American 85.7   85.6   14.3   14.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 84.9   79.0   15.1   21.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 87.0   82.5   13.0   17.5  
          Two or More Races 65.5 80.1   34.5 19.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 81.2   83.2   18.8   16.8  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 78.3   78.3   21.7   21.7  
     Small Metro 77.4   79.0   22.6   21.0  
     Nonmetro 76.2   77.5   23.8   22.5  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.3   8.2   19.5 17.0  
          Marijuana 5.8   5.5   14.8 12.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.0   3.9   9.9   8.6  
     Cigarettes 9.8 8.8   20.9   19.2  
     Alcohol 15.1   14.7   29.5 26.2  
          Binge Alcohol3 8.9   8.6   20.4 16.4  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.9   17.4   34.4 30.5  
          Marijuana 12.2   11.7   25.5 21.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.6   10.2   22.3   20.3  
     Cigarettes 15.9   15.0   30.0   28.1  
     Alcohol 30.8   31.0   50.4 47.1  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.4 24.7   45.6 40.0  
          Marijuana 16.3   15.4   31.5 27.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.2 16.8   33.5 29.6  
     Cigarettes 26.6 24.3   42.6 38.6  
     Alcohol 38.8   38.0   58.6 55.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.51A Level of Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Level of Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School1
Very/Somewhat Important Very/Somewhat Unimportant
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 20,160   20,674   2,655   2,738  
AGE        
     12-13 6,729   6,749   503   529  
     14-15 6,999   7,191   974   966  
     16-17 6,432   6,733   1,178   1,243  
GENDER        
     Male 10,228   10,425   1,434   1,518  
     Female 9,933   10,249   1,221   1,220  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16,933   17,195   2,387   2,408  
          White 12,584   12,691   2,047   2,012  
          Black or African American 2,976   3,163   183 251  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 133   112   9   17  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 847   855   74   80  
          Two or More Races 336   317   70   43  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,228   3,479   269   330  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 10,650   11,074   1,392   1,540  
     Small Metro 6,191   6,151   801   754  
     Nonmetro 3,320   3,449   462   445  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,889   1,785   572   570  
          Marijuana 1,351 1,204   433   444  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 916   878   291   272  
     Cigarettes 2,211 1,940   594   646  
     Alcohol 3,327   3,171   844   853  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,023   1,853   584   551  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,928   3,724   986   1,008  
          Marijuana 2,708 2,497   738   748  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,359   2,228   651   671  
     Cigarettes 3,489   3,271   853   894  
     Alcohol 6,593   6,616   1,433   1,458  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,707 5,298   1,283   1,256  
          Marijuana 3,601 3,315   896   890  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,939 3,647   976   931  
     Cigarettes 5,678 5,203   1,202   1,209  
     Alcohol 8,183   8,094   1,675   1,682  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.51B Level of Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Level of Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Importance Later in Life of Things Learned in School1
Very/Somewhat Important Very/Somewhat Unimportant
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 88.4   88.3   11.6   11.7  
AGE        
     12-13 93.0   92.7   7.0   7.3  
     14-15 87.8   88.2   12.2   11.8  
     16-17 84.5   84.4   15.5   15.6  
GENDER        
     Male 87.7   87.3   12.3   12.7  
     Female 89.0   89.4   11.0   10.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 87.6   87.7   12.4   12.3  
          White 86.0   86.3   14.0   13.7  
          Black or African American 94.2   92.6   5.8   7.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 93.4   87.0   6.6   13.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 92.0   91.4   8.0   8.6  
          Two or More Races 82.8   88.1   17.2   11.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 92.3   91.3   7.7   8.7  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 88.4   87.8   11.6   12.2  
     Small Metro 88.5   89.1   11.5   10.9  
     Nonmetro 87.8   88.6   12.2   11.4  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 9.4   8.6   21.5   20.8  
          Marijuana 6.7 5.8   16.3   16.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.5   4.2   10.9   9.9  
     Cigarettes 11.0 9.4   22.4   23.6  
     Alcohol 16.5 15.3   31.8   31.2  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.0 9.0   22.0   20.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 19.5 18.0   37.1   36.8  
          Marijuana 13.4 12.1   27.8   27.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.7 10.8   24.5   24.5  
     Cigarettes 17.3 15.8   32.1   32.6  
     Alcohol 32.7   32.0   54.0   53.3  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 28.3 25.6   48.3   45.9  
          Marijuana 17.9 16.0   33.7   32.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.5 17.6   36.7   34.0  
     Cigarettes 28.2 25.2   45.3   44.1  
     Alcohol 40.6 39.2   63.1   61.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.52A How Interesting Courses at School Have Been During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Interesting Courses at School Have Been (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
How Interesting Courses at School Have Been1
Very/Somewhat Interesting Very/Somewhat Boring
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 17,192 17,924   5,637   5,504  
AGE        
     12-13 5,826   5,827   1,413   1,460  
     14-15 5,799 6,173   2,177   1,997  
     16-17 5,566 5,924   2,046   2,047  
GENDER        
     Male 8,654   8,973   3,011   2,986  
     Female 8,538   8,951   2,626   2,518  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 14,425   14,766   4,907   4,845  
          White 10,578   10,763   4,062   3,949  
          Black or African American 2,610   2,841   551   574  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   97   *   31  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 788   756   134   176  
          Two or More Races 276   265   132   96  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,767 3,158   729   659  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,097 9,636   2,953   2,981  
     Small Metro 5,304   5,357   1,686   1,558  
     Nonmetro 2,792   2,931   997   965  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,507   1,453   960   904  
          Marijuana 1,080   986   707   664  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 702   693   508   461  
     Cigarettes 1,777 1,593   1,034   994  
     Alcohol 2,636   2,648   1,539 1,378  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,610   1,532   1,001 873  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,127   3,103   1,792   1,635  
          Marijuana 2,173   2,074   1,281   1,173  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,848   1,822   1,165   1,083  
     Cigarettes 2,810   2,716   1,540   1,451  
     Alcohol 5,304   5,551   2,727   2,529  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,569   4,432   2,430 2,131  
          Marijuana 2,897   2,775   1,610 1,437  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,123   3,000   1,798 1,581  
     Cigarettes 4,570   4,363   2,312 2,054  
     Alcohol 6,658   6,809   3,209 2,980  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.52B How Interesting Courses at School Have Been During the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Interesting Courses at School Have Been (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
How Interesting Courses at School Have Been1
Very/Somewhat Interesting Very/Somewhat Boring
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 75.3 76.5   24.7 23.5  
AGE        
     12-13 80.5   80.0   19.5   20.0  
     14-15 72.7 75.6   27.3 24.4  
     16-17 73.1   74.3   26.9   25.7  
GENDER        
     Male 74.2   75.0   25.8   25.0  
     Female 76.5 78.0   23.5 22.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 74.6   75.3   25.4   24.7  
          White 72.3   73.2   27.7   26.8  
          Black or African American 82.6   83.2   17.4   16.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   75.5   *   24.5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 85.5   81.1   14.5   18.9  
          Two or More Races 67.7   73.3   32.3   26.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 79.1 82.7   20.9 17.3  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 75.5   76.4   24.5   23.6  
     Small Metro 75.9   77.5   24.1   22.5  
     Nonmetro 73.7   75.2   26.3   24.8  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.8   8.1   17.0   16.4  
          Marijuana 6.3 5.5   12.6   12.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.1   3.9   9.0   8.4  
     Cigarettes 10.3 8.9   18.3   18.1  
     Alcohol 15.3   14.8   27.3   25.0  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.4   8.5   17.8   15.9  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.2   17.3   31.8   29.7  
          Marijuana 12.6 11.6   22.7   21.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.7   10.2   20.7   19.7  
     Cigarettes 16.3 15.2   27.3   26.4  
     Alcohol 30.9   31.0   48.4   45.9  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.6 24.7   43.1 38.7  
          Marijuana 16.8 15.5   28.6 26.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.2 16.7   31.9 28.7  
     Cigarettes 26.6 24.3   41.0 37.3  
     Alcohol 38.7   38.0   56.9 54.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.53A How Often Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job with Schoolwork in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job with Schoolwork (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job With Schoolwork1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 17,667 18,627   5,138 4,779  
AGE        
     12-13 6,013   6,175   1,214   1,103  
     14-15 6,104 6,460   1,862   1,703  
     16-17 5,550 5,992   2,062   1,973  
GENDER        
     Male 8,926 9,402   2,726   2,529  
     Female 8,740 9,224   2,412   2,249  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 14,861   15,461   4,451 4,124  
          White 11,034   11,353   3,592 3,334  
          Black or African American 2,585 2,940   570 479  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 117   103   26   23  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 777   740   144   190  
          Two or More Races 299   280   108   80  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,806 3,166   687   655  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,451 10,077   2,584   2,529  
     Small Metro 5,353   5,527   1,636 1,379  
     Nonmetro 2,863   3,022   918   870  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,651   1,608   811   748  
          Marijuana 1,180   1,125   603   523  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 797   756   408   397  
     Cigarettes 1,914   1,764   892   820  
     Alcohol 2,872   2,836   1,303   1,182  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,756   1,677   853 723  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,405   3,357   1,509   1,378  
          Marijuana 2,367   2,299   1,081 946  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,029   1,997   979   905  
     Cigarettes 3,041   2,939   1,303   1,223  
     Alcohol 5,712   5,890   2,316   2,181  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,901   4,748   2,093 1,812  
          Marijuana 3,118   2,981   1,382 1,226  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,375   3,279   1,543 1,298  
     Cigarettes 4,948 4,623   1,934   1,784  
     Alcohol 7,099   7,206   2,761   2,576  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.53B How Often Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job with Schoolwork in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job with Schoolwork (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Teachers Let Youths Know They Were Doing a Good Job With Schoolwork1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 77.5 79.6   22.5 20.4  
AGE        
     12-13 83.2   84.8   16.8   15.2  
     14-15 76.6 79.1   23.4 20.9  
     16-17 72.9 75.2   27.1 24.8  
GENDER        
     Male 76.6 78.8   23.4 21.2  
     Female 78.4 80.4   21.6 19.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 76.9 78.9   23.1 21.1  
          White 75.4 77.3   24.6 22.7  
          Black or African American 81.9 86.0   18.1 14.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 81.8   81.7   18.2   18.3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 84.4   79.6   15.6   20.4  
          Two or More Races 73.6   77.7   26.4   22.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 80.3   82.9   19.7   17.1  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 78.5   79.9   21.5   20.1  
     Small Metro 76.6 80.0   23.4 20.0  
     Nonmetro 75.7   77.6   24.3   22.4  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 9.3   8.6   15.8   15.7  
          Marijuana 6.7   6.0   11.7   10.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.5   4.1   7.9   8.3  
     Cigarettes 10.8 9.5   17.4   17.2  
     Alcohol 16.3   15.2   25.4   24.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.9 9.0   16.6   15.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 19.3 18.0   29.4   28.8  
          Marijuana 13.4 12.3   21.0   19.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.5   10.7   19.1   18.9  
     Cigarettes 17.2 15.8   25.4   25.6  
     Alcohol 32.3   31.6   45.1   45.6  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 27.7 25.5   40.7 37.9  
          Marijuana 17.6 16.0   26.9   25.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.1 17.6   30.0 27.2  
     Cigarettes 28.0 24.8   37.6   37.3  
     Alcohol 40.2 38.7   53.7   53.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.54A How Many Students in Youths' Grade Smoke Cigarettes, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Smoke Cigarettes (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Smoke Cigarettes1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 7,295 6,891   14,860 15,799  
AGE        
     12-13 766   683   6,146   6,250  
     14-15 2,782   2,591   5,004 5,333  
     16-17 3,747   3,616   3,710 4,216  
GENDER        
     Male 3,065   2,949   8,219 8,622  
     Female 4,229 3,941   6,640 7,176  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 6,206 5,837   12,565 13,167  
          White 4,623 4,292   9,611   9,974  
          Black or African American 1,145   1,205   1,919   2,107  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   33   *   93  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 215   195   667   694  
          Two or More Races 136 94   256   254  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,089   1,054   2,295 2,632  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 3,631   3,575   8,063 8,630  
     Small Metro 2,309 2,023   4,477   4,688  
     Nonmetro 1,355   1,293   2,320   2,481  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,355   1,292   1,071   1,018  
          Marijuana 1,042   947   715   668  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 646   637   544   495  
     Cigarettes 1,793 1,590   965   957  
     Alcohol 2,190   2,022   1,923   1,956  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,442   1,300   1,120   1,075  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,595 2,356   2,244   2,279  
          Marijuana 1,983 1,761   1,409   1,417  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,570   1,449   1,404   1,399  
     Cigarettes 2,586 2,342   1,682   1,759  
     Alcohol 3,963 3,676   3,956 4,291  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,533 3,062   3,349   3,378  
          Marijuana 2,597 2,256   1,829   1,881  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,401 2,136   2,444   2,364  
     Cigarettes 3,816 3,430   2,944   2,883  
     Alcohol 4,747 4,370   4,972   5,266  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.54B How Many Students in Youths' Grade Smoke Cigarettes, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Smoke Cigarettes (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Smoke Cigarettes1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 32.9 30.4   67.1 69.6  
AGE        
     12-13 11.1   9.9   88.9   90.1  
     14-15 35.7 32.7   64.3 67.3  
     16-17 50.3 46.2   49.7 53.8  
GENDER        
     Male 27.2 25.5   72.8 74.5  
     Female 38.9 35.5   61.1 64.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 33.1 30.7   66.9 69.3  
          White 32.5 30.1   67.5 69.9  
          Black or African American 37.4   36.4   62.6   63.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   26.4   *   73.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 24.3   21.9   75.7   78.1  
          Two or More Races 34.6 27.1   65.4 72.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 32.2 28.6   67.8 71.4  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 31.0   29.3   69.0   70.7  
     Small Metro 34.0 30.1   66.0 69.9  
     Nonmetro 36.9   34.3   63.1   65.7  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.6   18.8   7.2 6.4  
          Marijuana 14.3   13.7   4.8   4.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.9   9.2   3.7   3.1  
     Cigarettes 24.6   23.1   6.5   6.1  
     Alcohol 30.0   29.3   12.9   12.4  
          Binge Alcohol3 19.8   18.9   7.5   6.8  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 35.6   34.2   15.1   14.4  
          Marijuana 27.2   25.6   9.5   9.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 21.5   21.0   9.4   8.9  
     Cigarettes 35.4   34.0   11.3   11.1  
     Alcohol 54.3   53.3   26.6   27.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 48.4 44.4   22.5   21.4  
          Marijuana 35.6 32.7   12.3   11.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 32.9   31.0   16.4 15.0  
     Cigarettes 52.3 49.8   19.8 18.2  
     Alcohol 65.1   63.4   33.5   33.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.55A How Many Students in Youths' Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Use Marijuana/Hashish1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 5,444   5,353   16,338   16,959  
AGE        
     12-13 314   283   6,455   6,522  
     14-15 1,975   1,900   5,644   5,858  
     16-17 3,155   3,169   4,239 4,579  
GENDER        
     Male 2,429   2,397   8,701   8,995  
     Female 3,015   2,955   7,636   7,964  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,522   4,432   13,967   14,232  
          White 3,186   3,008   10,829   11,012  
          Black or African American 992 1,154   2,016   2,087  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 44 27   96   98  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 144   120   737   751  
          Two or More Races 133   102   254   243  
     Hispanic or Latino 922   921   2,371 2,727  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 2,979   3,046   8,512   8,998  
     Small Metro 1,660   1,581   5,023   5,010  
     Nonmetro 805   726   2,803   2,951  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,408   1,343   1,011   969  
          Marijuana 1,165   1,101   591   521  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 604   555   579   571  
     Cigarettes 1,478   1,348   1,256   1,186  
     Alcohol 2,034 1,841   2,062   2,116  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,393 1,225   1,168   1,142  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,458   2,338   2,357   2,286  
          Marijuana 2,058   1,958   1,326   1,226  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,381   1,303   1,571   1,529  
     Cigarettes 2,078   1,922   2,162   2,148  
     Alcohol 3,424   3,244   4,436   4,677  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,244 2,896   3,595   3,512  
          Marijuana 2,628 2,396   1,778   1,740  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,111 1,861   2,697   2,604  
     Cigarettes 3,060 2,731   3,645   3,525  
     Alcohol 3,984   3,782   5,645   5,792  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.55B How Many Students in Youths' Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Use Marijuana/Hashish1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 25.0   24.0   75.0   76.0  
AGE        
     12-13 4.6   4.2   95.4   95.8  
     14-15 25.9   24.5   74.1   75.5  
     16-17 42.7   40.9   57.3   59.1  
GENDER        
     Male 21.8   21.0   78.2   79.0  
     Female 28.3   27.1   71.7   72.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 24.5   23.7   75.5   76.3  
          White 22.7   21.5   77.3   78.5  
          Black or African American 33.0   35.6   67.0   64.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 31.6   21.3   68.4   78.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 16.4   13.8   83.6   86.2  
          Two or More Races 34.3   29.6   65.7   70.4  
     Hispanic or Latino 28.0   25.2   72.0   74.8  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 25.9   25.3   74.1   74.7  
     Small Metro 24.8   24.0   75.2   76.0  
     Nonmetro 22.3   19.7   77.7   80.3  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 25.9   25.1   6.2   5.7  
          Marijuana 21.4   20.6   3.6 3.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.1   10.4   3.5   3.4  
     Cigarettes 27.2   25.2   7.7   7.0  
     Alcohol 37.4 34.4   12.6   12.5  
          Binge Alcohol3 25.6 22.9   7.1   6.7  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 45.2   43.7   14.4   13.5  
          Marijuana 37.8   36.6   8.1 7.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 25.4   24.3   9.6   9.0  
     Cigarettes 38.2   35.9   13.2   12.7  
     Alcohol 62.9   60.6   27.2   27.6  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 59.6 54.1   22.0 20.7  
          Marijuana 48.3 44.8   10.9   10.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 38.8 34.8   16.5 15.4  
     Cigarettes 56.2 51.0   22.3 20.8  
     Alcohol 73.2 70.7   34.5   34.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.56A How Many Students in Youths' Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Drink Alcoholic Beverages1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 10,135   10,090   11,916   12,424  
AGE        
     12-13 857   859   5,990   5,978  
     14-15 3,797   3,710   3,949   4,178  
     16-17 5,480   5,521   1,976 2,268  
GENDER        
     Male 4,567   4,522   6,672   6,933  
     Female 5,568   5,568   5,243   5,491  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8,649   8,528   10,045   10,322  
          White 6,785   6,544   7,404   7,627  
          Black or African American 1,277   1,386   1,753   1,869  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 67   47   73   77  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 297   359   593   536  
          Two or More Races 197   162   192   180  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,486   1,562   1,870 2,102  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 5,180   5,438   6,444   6,688  
     Small Metro 3,137   2,960   3,638   3,693  
     Nonmetro 1,819   1,691   1,834 2,044  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,796   1,641   628   679  
          Marijuana 1,393 1,234   365   396  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 843   769   344   360  
     Cigarettes 2,070 1,820   683   714  
     Alcohol 3,281 3,045   838   920  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,141 1,894   431   475  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,427 3,142   1,407   1,483  
          Marijuana 2,609 2,349   786   838  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,050   1,926   915   908  
     Cigarettes 3,061 2,818   1,199   1,259  
     Alcohol 5,859   5,690   2,059 2,259  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,637 4,122   2,225   2,271  
          Marijuana 3,350 2,982   1,073   1,148  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,169 2,851   1,657   1,610  
     Cigarettes 4,632 4,165   2,122   2,105  
     Alcohol 6,833   6,636   2,882   2,967  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.56B How Many Students in Youths' Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Drink Alcoholic Beverages1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 46.0   44.8   54.0   55.2  
AGE        
     12-13 12.5   12.6   87.5   87.4  
     14-15 49.0   47.0   51.0   53.0  
     16-17 73.5 70.9   26.5 29.1  
GENDER        
     Male 40.6   39.5   59.4   60.5  
     Female 51.5   50.3   48.5   49.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 46.3   45.2   53.7   54.8  
          White 47.8 46.2   52.2 53.8  
          Black or African American 42.1   42.6   57.9   57.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 47.9   37.8   52.1   62.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 33.3   40.1   66.7   59.9  
          Two or More Races 50.6   47.5   49.4   52.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 44.3   42.6   55.7   57.4  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 44.6   44.8   55.4   55.2  
     Small Metro 46.3   44.5   53.7   55.5  
     Nonmetro 49.8 45.3   50.2 54.7  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.7 16.3   5.3   5.5  
          Marijuana 13.7 12.2   3.1   3.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.3   7.6   2.9   2.9  
     Cigarettes 20.4 18.0   5.7   5.7  
     Alcohol 32.4 30.2   7.0   7.4  
          Binge Alcohol3 21.1 18.8   3.6   3.8  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 33.8 31.1   11.8   11.9  
          Marijuana 25.7 23.3   6.6   6.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 20.2   19.1   7.7   7.3  
     Cigarettes 30.2 27.9   10.1   10.1  
     Alcohol 57.8   56.4   17.3   18.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 45.8 40.9   18.7   18.3  
          Marijuana 33.1 29.6   9.0   9.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 31.3 28.3   13.9   13.0  
     Cigarettes 45.7 41.3   17.8   16.9  
     Alcohol 67.4   65.8   24.2   23.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.57A How Many Students in Youths' Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Get Drunk at Least Once a Week1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 4,105   4,099   17,671   18,182  
AGE        
     12-13 213   223   6,547   6,566  
     14-15 1,348   1,262   6,285   6,514  
     16-17 2,544   2,614   4,840   5,103  
GENDER        
     Male 1,766   1,687   9,322   9,662  
     Female 2,340   2,412   8,350   8,520  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,406   3,391   15,055   15,268  
          White 2,603   2,529   11,439   11,523  
          Black or African American 552   651   2,421   2,543  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 28   22   107   102  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 126   120   745   762  
          Two or More Races 80   60   304   284  
     Hispanic or Latino 699   708   2,616 2,914  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 2,095   2,251   9,370   9,772  
     Small Metro 1,268   1,180   5,430   5,403  
     Nonmetro 742   669   2,871   3,008  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 925   847   1,491   1,467  
          Marijuana 731   661   1,024   963  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 453   376   728   753  
     Cigarettes 1,063   954   1,666   1,574  
     Alcohol 1,487   1,418   2,608   2,533  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,085   992   1,477   1,377  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,621   1,545   3,187   3,067  
          Marijuana 1,289   1,215   2,091   1,962  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,016   921   1,932   1,913  
     Cigarettes 1,452   1,368   2,779   2,695  
     Alcohol 2,443   2,398   5,414   5,494  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,146   1,975   4,662   4,396  
          Marijuana 1,632   1,537   2,756   2,569  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,509   1,364   3,278   3,100  
     Cigarettes 2,124 1,939   4,568   4,297  
     Alcohol 2,867   2,820   6,748   6,716  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table  3.57B How Many Students in Youths' Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Many Students in Youths' Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Students in Youths' Grade Who Get Drunk at Least Once a Week1
All/Most of Them Few/None of Them
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 18.9   18.4   81.1   81.6  
AGE        
     12-13 3.2   3.3   96.8   96.7  
     14-15 17.7   16.2   82.3   83.8  
     16-17 34.5   33.9   65.5   66.1  
GENDER        
     Male 15.9   14.9   84.1   85.1  
     Female 21.9   22.1   78.1   77.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 18.4   18.2   81.6   81.8  
          White 18.5   18.0   81.5   82.0  
          Black or African American 18.6   20.4   81.4   79.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 20.8   17.8   79.2   82.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 14.4   13.6   85.6   86.4  
          Two or More Races 20.8   17.5   79.2   82.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 21.1   19.5   78.9   80.5  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 18.3   18.7   81.7   81.3  
     Small Metro 18.9   17.9   81.1   82.1  
     Nonmetro 20.5 18.2   79.5 81.8  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 22.5   20.7   8.4   8.1  
          Marijuana 17.8   16.1   5.8   5.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.0 9.2   4.1   4.1  
     Cigarettes 25.9   23.3   9.4   8.7  
     Alcohol 36.2   34.6   14.8   13.9  
          Binge Alcohol3 26.4   24.2   8.4   7.6  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 39.5   37.7   18.0 16.9  
          Marijuana 31.4   29.6   11.8 10.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 24.8   22.5   10.9   10.5  
     Cigarettes 35.4   33.4   15.7   14.8  
     Alcohol 59.5   58.5   30.6   30.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 52.3 48.2   26.4 24.2  
          Marijuana 39.8   37.5   15.6 14.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 36.8 33.3   18.5 17.0  
     Cigarettes 51.7 47.3   25.8 23.6  
     Alcohol 69.8   68.8   38.2   36.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status, reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.58A How Often Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 18,131   18,535   4,657   4,864  
AGE        
     12-13 6,510   6,449   726   828  
     14-15 6,368   6,525   1,595   1,637  
     16-17 5,253   5,561   2,336   2,399  
GENDER        
     Male 9,517   9,818   2,120   2,123  
     Female 8,614   8,717   2,537   2,741  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,320   15,487   3,977   4,099  
          White 11,566   11,553   3,055   3,141  
          Black or African American 2,590   2,757   561   650  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 122   107   20   21  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 706   721   215   213  
          Two or More Races 296   296   111 65  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,811   3,048   680   764  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,630   9,935   2,403 2,665  
     Small Metro 5,503   5,539   1,476   1,375  
     Nonmetro 2,999   3,060   779   824  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,569   1,468   887   881  
          Marijuana 1,099   986   680   655  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 766   726   438   425  
     Cigarettes 1,812 1,644   984   931  
     Alcohol 2,725   2,638   1,434   1,376  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,658   1,516   940   878  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,311   3,177   1,589   1,545  
          Marijuana 2,248   2,076   1,188   1,159  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,001   1,896   999   998  
     Cigarettes 2,927   2,809   1,402   1,340  
     Alcohol 5,560   5,622   2,452   2,438  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,864 4,496   2,103   2,052  
          Marijuana 2,989 2,709   1,486   1,492  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,405 3,122   1,498   1,447  
     Cigarettes 4,780 4,395   2,076   2,000  
     Alcohol 6,943   6,913   2,894   2,857  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.58B How Often Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Checked Whether Youths' Homework Was Done1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 79.6   79.2   20.4   20.8  
AGE        
     12-13 90.0   88.6   10.0   11.4  
     14-15 80.0   79.9   20.0   20.1  
     16-17 69.2   69.9   30.8   30.1  
GENDER        
     Male 81.8   82.2   18.2   17.8  
     Female 77.2   76.1   22.8   23.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 79.4   79.1   20.6   20.9  
          White 79.1   78.6   20.9   21.4  
          Black or African American 82.2   80.9   17.8   19.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 85.8   83.4   14.2   16.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 76.7   77.2   23.3   22.8  
          Two or More Races 72.7 81.9   27.3 18.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 80.5   80.0   19.5   20.0  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 80.0   78.8   20.0   21.2  
     Small Metro 78.9   80.1   21.1   19.9  
     Nonmetro 79.4   78.8   20.6   21.2  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.7   7.9   19.0   18.1  
          Marijuana 6.1 5.3   14.6   13.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.2   3.9   9.4   8.7  
     Cigarettes 10.0 8.9   21.1   19.2  
     Alcohol 15.0   14.2   30.8   28.3  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.1 8.2   20.2   18.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.3 17.1   34.1   31.8  
          Marijuana 12.4 11.2   25.5   23.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.0   10.2   21.4   20.5  
     Cigarettes 16.1   15.2   30.1 27.5  
     Alcohol 30.7   30.3   52.7   50.1  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.8 24.3   45.2 42.2  
          Marijuana 16.5 14.6   31.9   30.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.8 16.8   32.2   29.8  
     Cigarettes 26.4 23.7   44.6 41.1  
     Alcohol 38.3   37.3   62.2 58.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.59A How Often Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 18,401   18,580   4,378 4,784  
AGE        
     12-13 6,531   6,458   704   813  
     14-15 6,452   6,547   1,512   1,592  
     16-17 5,418   5,575   2,162 2,379  
GENDER        
     Male 9,481   9,553   2,154 2,369  
     Female 8,920   9,026   2,224   2,415  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,786   15,767   3,502 3,786  
          White 12,141   12,022   2,469   2,651  
          Black or African American 2,530   2,642   618 756  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 120   101   22   28  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 645   664   274   265  
          Two or More Races 300   293   108 68  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,616   2,813   875   998  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 9,690   9,921   2,335 2,655  
     Small Metro 5,590   5,530   1,385   1,382  
     Nonmetro 3,121   3,129   657   747  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,624   1,512   831   831  
          Marijuana 1,134   1,042   644   596  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 793   722   411   427  
     Cigarettes 1,865   1,720   931   849  
     Alcohol 2,853   2,697   1,306   1,301  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,754 1,569   845   821  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,349   3,220   1,550   1,499  
          Marijuana 2,291   2,167   1,142   1,065  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,004   1,919   997   973  
     Cigarettes 2,957   2,832   1,374   1,302  
     Alcohol 5,752   5,651   2,257   2,393  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,875 4,524   2,098   2,014  
          Marijuana 3,035 2,786   1,444   1,408  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,376 3,128   1,527   1,434  
     Cigarettes 4,828 4,397   2,035   1,983  
     Alcohol 7,107   6,954   2,732   2,798  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.59B How Often Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Provided Help with Youths' Homework1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 80.8 79.5   19.2 20.5  
AGE        
     12-13 90.3 88.8   9.7 11.2  
     14-15 81.0   80.4   19.0   19.6  
     16-17 71.5   70.1   28.5   29.9  
GENDER        
     Male 81.5   80.1   18.5   19.9  
     Female 80.0   78.9   20.0   21.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 81.8 80.6   18.2 19.4  
          White 83.1 81.9   16.9 18.1  
          Black or African American 80.4   77.8   19.6   22.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 84.5   78.3   15.5   21.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 70.2   71.5   29.8   28.5  
          Two or More Races 73.5 81.2   26.5 18.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 74.9   73.8   25.1   26.2  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 80.6 78.9   19.4 21.1  
     Small Metro 80.1   80.0   19.9   20.0  
     Nonmetro 82.6   80.7   17.4   19.3  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.8   8.1   19.0   17.4  
          Marijuana 6.2   5.6   14.7 12.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.3   3.9   9.4   8.9  
     Cigarettes 10.1 9.3   21.3 17.7  
     Alcohol 15.5 14.5   29.8 27.2  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.5 8.4   19.3   17.2  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.2   17.3   35.4 31.3  
          Marijuana 12.5   11.7   26.1 22.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.9   10.3   22.8   20.3  
     Cigarettes 16.1   15.2   31.4 27.2  
     Alcohol 31.3   30.4   51.6   50.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 26.5 24.4   47.9 42.1  
          Marijuana 16.5 15.0   33.0 29.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.3 16.8   34.9 30.0  
     Cigarettes 26.2 23.7   46.5 41.5  
     Alcohol 38.6   37.4   62.4 58.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.60A How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Spent Out with Friends on School Nights in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Spent Out with Friends on School Nights (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youths Spent Out With Friends on School Nights1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 15,734   15,914   6,859 7,255  
AGE        
     12-13 5,243   5,153   1,851   1,998  
     14-15 5,625   5,669   2,287   2,403  
     16-17 4,865   5,092   2,720   2,854  
GENDER        
     Male 7,917   7,818   3,619 4,000  
     Female 7,816   8,096   3,239   3,255  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13,292   13,235   5,847   6,165  
          White 10,013   9,934   4,494   4,638  
          Black or African American 2,259   2,338   863 1,021  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 89   74   48   53  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 617   623   294   300  
          Two or More Races 271   227   132   131  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,442   2,679   1,012   1,090  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 8,339   8,473   3,589 3,978  
     Small Metro 4,857   4,774   2,069   2,078  
     Nonmetro 2,539   2,667   1,200   1,199  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,549   1,465   906   875  
          Marijuana 1,101   1,018   678   619  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 757   700   446   447  
     Cigarettes 1,739   1,685   1,062 888  
     Alcohol 2,577   2,595   1,587 1,409  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,591   1,520   1,013 879  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,157   3,095   1,745   1,619  
          Marijuana 2,187   2,100   1,251   1,129  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,910   1,891   1,095   1,005  
     Cigarettes 2,741   2,786   1,588 1,361  
     Alcohol 5,147   5,287   2,854   2,750  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,436   4,251   2,526 2,284  
          Marijuana 2,842   2,690   1,640   1,505  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,069   2,987   1,825 1,579  
     Cigarettes 4,442   4,262   2,409 2,122  
     Alcohol 6,397   6,427   3,424   3,316  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.60B How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Spent Out with Friends on School Nights in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Spent Out with Friends on School Nights (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youths Spent Out With Friends on School Nights1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 69.6   68.7   30.4   31.3  
AGE        
     12-13 73.9   72.1   26.1   27.9  
     14-15 71.1   70.2   28.9   29.8  
     16-17 64.1   64.1   35.9   35.9  
GENDER        
     Male 68.6 66.2   31.4 33.8  
     Female 70.7   71.3   29.3   28.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 69.5 68.2   30.5 31.8  
          White 69.0   68.2   31.0   31.8  
          Black or African American 72.4   69.6   27.6   30.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 65.0   58.3   35.0   41.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 67.8   67.5   32.2   32.5  
          Two or More Races 67.2   63.5   32.8   36.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 70.7   71.1   29.3   28.9  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 69.9 68.1   30.1 31.9  
     Small Metro 70.1   69.7   29.9   30.3  
     Nonmetro 67.9   69.0   32.1   31.0  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 9.8   9.2   13.2   12.1  
          Marijuana 7.0   6.4   9.9 8.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.8   4.4   6.5   6.2  
     Cigarettes 11.1   10.6   15.5 12.2  
     Alcohol 16.4   16.3   23.1 19.4  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.1   9.6   14.8 12.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 20.1   19.5   25.4 22.3  
          Marijuana 13.9   13.2   18.2 15.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 12.1   11.9   16.0 13.8  
     Cigarettes 17.4   17.5   23.2 18.8  
     Alcohol 32.7   33.2   41.6 37.9  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 28.2 26.7   36.8 31.5  
          Marijuana 18.1   16.9   23.9 20.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.5   18.8   26.6 21.8  
     Cigarettes 28.2 26.8   35.1 29.2  
     Alcohol 40.7   40.4   49.9 45.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.61A How Often Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 21,896 22,114   3,211   3,145  
AGE        
     12-13 7,249   7,204   1,076   982  
     14-15 7,648   7,711   990   971  
     16-17 6,999   7,200   1,144   1,193  
GENDER        
     Male 11,193   11,289   1,628   1,602  
     Female 10,704   10,825   1,583   1,543  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 18,300   18,229   2,593   2,658  
          White 13,393   13,310   2,058   2,042  
          Black or African American 3,508   3,520   281   332  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 147   143   18   19  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 817   822   166   223  
          Two or More Races 372   363   68 34  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,596 3,885   617 487  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,594   11,808   1,690   1,796  
     Small Metro 6,631   6,600   985 844  
     Nonmetro 3,671   3,706   536   505  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,208   2,075   449   412  
          Marijuana 1,550   1,424   346   289  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,073   1,019   241   224  
     Cigarettes 2,484 2,236   484   480  
     Alcohol 3,679   3,530   732   652  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,270   2,100   507 407  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,440   4,267   831   746  
          Marijuana 3,035   2,828   597   536  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,723   2,619   525   494  
     Cigarettes 3,894   3,666   720   702  
     Alcohol 7,228   7,206   1,276   1,226  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 6,359 5,959   1,168 1,024  
          Marijuana 4,015 3,685   744   694  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4,449 4,180   874 740  
     Cigarettes 6,251 5,699   1,077   1,059  
     Alcohol 9,010   8,812   1,537   1,464  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.61B How Often Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Made Youths Do Chores Around the House1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 87.2   87.5   12.8   12.5  
AGE        
     12-13 87.1   88.0   12.9   12.0  
     14-15 88.5   88.8   11.5   11.2  
     16-17 85.9   85.8   14.1   14.2  
GENDER        
     Male 87.3   87.6   12.7   12.4  
     Female 87.1   87.5   12.9   12.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 87.6   87.3   12.4   12.7  
          White 86.7   86.7   13.3   13.3  
          Black or African American 92.6   91.4   7.4   8.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 89.3   88.2   10.7   11.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 83.1   78.6   16.9   21.4  
          Two or More Races 84.6 91.4   15.4 8.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 85.3 88.9   14.7 11.1  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 87.3   86.8   12.7   13.2  
     Small Metro 87.1 88.7   12.9 11.3  
     Nonmetro 87.3   88.0   12.7   12.0  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 10.1   9.4   14.0   13.1  
          Marijuana 7.1   6.4   10.8   9.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.9   4.6   7.5   7.1  
     Cigarettes 11.3 10.1   15.1   15.3  
     Alcohol 16.8   16.0   22.8   20.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 10.4 9.5   15.8 12.9  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 20.3   19.3   25.9   23.7  
          Marijuana 13.9 12.8   18.6   17.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 12.4   11.8   16.3   15.7  
     Cigarettes 17.8 16.6   22.4   22.3  
     Alcohol 33.0   32.6   39.8   39.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 29.0 26.9   36.4 32.6  
          Marijuana 18.3 16.7   23.2   22.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 20.3 18.9   27.2 23.5  
     Cigarettes 28.5 25.8   33.5   33.7  
     Alcohol 41.2 39.8   47.9   46.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.62A How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Watched TV in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Watched TV (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youths Watched TV1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 9,544   9,724   15,517   15,469  
AGE        
     12-13 4,126   4,060   4,176   4,093  
     14-15 3,289   3,311   5,323   5,346  
     16-17 2,129 2,353   6,018   6,029  
GENDER        
     Male 4,953   4,986   7,850   7,890  
     Female 4,591   4,738   7,667   7,579  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,721   7,832   13,148   13,003  
          White 5,501   5,654   9,920   9,661  
          Black or African American 1,485   1,375   2,295   2,464  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 59   68   106   94  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 490   534   510   514  
          Two or More Races 150   162   288   232  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,823   1,891   2,369   2,466  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 5,320   5,391   7,941   8,184  
     Small Metro 2,823   2,915   4,782   4,506  
     Nonmetro 1,401   1,417   2,794   2,780  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 623   597   2,034   1,896  
          Marijuana 402   350   1,496   1,368  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 315   334   1,000   909  
     Cigarettes 629   585   2,341 2,128  
     Alcohol 949   1,015   3,458 3,157  
          Binge Alcohol3 588   567   2,191 1,935  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,295   1,279   3,972   3,724  
          Marijuana 782   730   2,851 2,635  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 845   835   2,401   2,265  
     Cigarettes 1,062   1,045   3,550   3,314  
     Alcohol 2,092   2,222   6,402   6,195  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,967   1,912   5,553 5,059  
          Marijuana 1,037   975   3,723 3,403  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,464   1,414   3,853 3,489  
     Cigarettes 1,780   1,688   5,538 5,047  
     Alcohol 2,712   2,786   7,824   7,477  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.62B How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Watched TV in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Limited the Amount of Time Youths Watched TV (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Limited Amount of Time Youths Watched TV1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 38.1   38.6   61.9   61.4  
AGE        
     12-13 49.7   49.8   50.3   50.2  
     14-15 38.2   38.2   61.8   61.8  
     16-17 26.1   28.1   73.9   71.9  
GENDER        
     Male 38.7   38.7   61.3   61.3  
     Female 37.5   38.5   62.5   61.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 37.0   37.6   63.0   62.4  
          White 35.7   36.9   64.3   63.1  
          Black or African American 39.3 35.8   60.7 64.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 35.9   42.2   64.1   57.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 49.0   51.0   51.0   49.0  
          Two or More Races 34.2   41.2   65.8   58.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 43.5   43.4   56.5   56.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 40.1   39.7   59.9   60.3  
     Small Metro 37.1   39.3   62.9   60.7  
     Nonmetro 33.4   33.8   66.6   66.2  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 6.5   6.1   13.1   12.3  
          Marijuana 4.2   3.6   9.6   8.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.3   3.4   6.4   5.9  
     Cigarettes 6.6   6.0   15.1 13.8  
     Alcohol 9.9   10.4   22.3 20.4  
          Binge Alcohol3 6.2   5.8   14.1 12.5  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 13.6   13.2   25.6 24.1  
          Marijuana 8.2   7.5   18.4 17.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.9   8.6   15.5   14.6  
     Cigarettes 11.1   10.7   22.9 21.4  
     Alcohol 21.9   22.8   41.3   40.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 20.6   19.7   35.8 32.7  
          Marijuana 10.9   10.0   24.0 22.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 15.3   14.5   24.8 22.6  
     Cigarettes 18.7   17.4   35.7 32.6  
     Alcohol 28.4   28.7   50.4 48.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.63A How Often Parents Let Youths Know in the Past Year They Had Done a Good Job, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Let Youths Know They Had Done a Good Job (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Let Youths Know Youths Had Done a Good Job1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 21,541   21,667   3,565   3,566  
AGE        
     12-13 7,516   7,385   810   794  
     14-15 7,375   7,437   1,241   1,227  
     16-17 6,650   6,846   1,513   1,545  
GENDER        
     Male 11,144   11,212   1,666   1,662  
     Female 10,396   10,455   1,899   1,904  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 18,014   18,005   2,891   2,868  
          White 13,461   13,419   1,997   1,925  
          Black or African American 3,210   3,242   577   606  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 143   134   22   26  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 796   823   196   222  
          Two or More Races 349   329   90   67  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,527 3,661   674   698  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,365   11,610   1,917   1,972  
     Small Metro 6,547   6,452   1,066   984  
     Nonmetro 3,629   3,605   581   610  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,948   1,830   712   663  
          Marijuana 1,390 1,243   509   474  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 925   908   392   336  
     Cigarettes 2,249 2,023   724   688  
     Alcohol 3,422   3,258   990   912  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,136 1,936   647   565  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,027   3,860   1,246   1,154  
          Marijuana 2,766 2,546   867   819  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,414   2,347   838   764  
     Cigarettes 3,528   3,331   1,087   1,028  
     Alcohol 6,766   6,700   1,730   1,719  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,897 5,445   1,636   1,537  
          Marijuana 3,675 3,315   1,085   1,065  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4,104 3,791   1,227   1,123  
     Cigarettes 5,750 5,209   1,572   1,541  
     Alcohol 8,459   8,247   2,088   2,018  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.63B How Often Parents Let Youths Know in the Past Year They Had Done a Good Job, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Let Youths Know They Had Done a Good Job (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Let Youths Know Youths Had Done a Good Job1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 85.8   85.9   14.2   14.1  
AGE        
     12-13 90.3   90.3   9.7   9.7  
     14-15 85.6   85.8   14.4   14.2  
     16-17 81.5   81.6   18.5   18.4  
GENDER        
     Male 87.0   87.1   13.0   12.9  
     Female 84.6   84.6   15.4   15.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 86.2   86.3   13.8   13.7  
          White 87.1   87.5   12.9   12.5  
          Black or African American 84.8   84.2   15.2   15.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 86.6   83.6   13.4   16.4  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 80.2   78.7   19.8   21.3  
          Two or More Races 79.5   83.1   20.5   16.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 84.0   84.0   16.0   16.0  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 85.6   85.5   14.4   14.5  
     Small Metro 86.0   86.8   14.0   13.2  
     Nonmetro 86.2   85.5   13.8   14.5  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 9.0   8.4   20.0   18.6  
          Marijuana 6.5 5.7   14.3   13.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.3   4.2   11.0   9.4  
     Cigarettes 10.4 9.3   20.3   19.3  
     Alcohol 15.9   15.0   27.8   25.6  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.9 8.9   18.1   15.9  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.7   17.8   35.0   32.4  
          Marijuana 12.8 11.7   24.3   23.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.2   10.8   23.5   21.4  
     Cigarettes 16.4   15.4   30.5   28.8  
     Alcohol 31.4   30.9   48.5   48.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 27.4 25.1   45.9   43.1  
          Marijuana 17.1 15.3   30.4   29.9  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 19.1 17.5   34.4   31.5  
     Cigarettes 26.7 24.0   44.1   43.2  
     Alcohol 39.3   38.1   58.6   56.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.64A How Often Parents Told Youths in the Past Year They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Said They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Told Youths They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 21,383   21,409   3,755   3,840  
AGE        
     12-13 7,554   7,303   794   876  
     14-15 7,217   7,328   1,412   1,340  
     16-17 6,613   6,778   1,549   1,624  
GENDER        
     Male 11,085   11,099   1,741   1,798  
     Female 10,298   10,310   2,014   2,042  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 17,880   17,798   3,043   3,088  
          White 13,334   13,234   2,134   2,116  
          Black or African American 3,204   3,238   581   614  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 139   139   26   22  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 804   800   197   248  
          Two or More Races 350   328   90   69  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,503   3,611   713   752  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,316   11,446   1,987   2,153  
     Small Metro 6,499   6,378   1,121   1,063  
     Nonmetro 3,567   3,585   647   624  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,883   1,825   779 670  
          Marijuana 1,336   1,240   564   478  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 903   895   416   349  
     Cigarettes 2,177   1,996   794   717  
     Alcohol 3,355   3,238   1,059   934  
          Binge Alcohol3 2,091   1,924   693 579  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,957   3,813   1,319   1,204  
          Marijuana 2,668   2,523   968 844  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,389   2,319   862   794  
     Cigarettes 3,443   3,313   1,173   1,048  
     Alcohol 6,665   6,575   1,839   1,845  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,787 5,356   1,750   1,633  
          Marijuana 3,577 3,287   1,187   1,095  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4,019 3,700   1,311   1,221  
     Cigarettes 5,588 5,173   1,738   1,581  
     Alcohol 8,313   8,119   2,243   2,151  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.64B How Often Parents Told Youths in the Past Year They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by How Often Parents Said They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Parents Told Youths They Were Proud of Something Youths Had Done1
Always/Sometimes Seldom/Never
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 85.1   84.8   14.9   15.2  
AGE        
     12-13 90.5   89.3   9.5   10.7  
     14-15 83.6   84.5   16.4   15.5  
     16-17 81.0   80.7   19.0   19.3  
GENDER        
     Male 86.4   86.1   13.6   13.9  
     Female 83.6   83.5   16.4   16.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 85.5   85.2   14.5   14.8  
          White 86.2   86.2   13.8   13.8  
          Black or African American 84.6   84.1   15.4   15.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 84.2   86.3   15.8   13.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 80.3   76.4   19.7   23.6  
          Two or More Races 79.6   82.6   20.4   17.4  
     Hispanic or Latino 83.1   82.8   16.9   17.2  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 85.1   84.2   14.9   15.8  
     Small Metro 85.3   85.7   14.7   14.3  
     Nonmetro 84.7   85.2   15.3   14.8  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.8   8.5   20.7 17.4  
          Marijuana 6.2   5.8   15.0 12.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.2   4.2   11.1 9.1  
     Cigarettes 10.2 9.3   21.1   18.7  
     Alcohol 15.7   15.1   28.2 24.3  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.8 9.0   18.5 15.1  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 18.5   17.8   35.1 31.3  
          Marijuana 12.5   11.8   25.8 22.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.2   10.8   22.9   20.7  
     Cigarettes 16.1   15.5   31.2 27.3  
     Alcohol 31.2   30.7   49.0   48.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 27.1 25.0   46.6 42.5  
          Marijuana 16.7 15.4   31.6 28.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.8 17.3   34.9 31.8  
     Cigarettes 26.1 24.2   46.3 41.2  
     Alcohol 38.9   37.9   59.7 56.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.65A Number of Times Youths Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Times Youths Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Times Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent1
9 or Fewer 10 or More
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 18,949   19,016   5,974   6,023  
AGE        
     12-13 6,814   6,589   1,410   1,481  
     14-15 6,307   6,401   2,273   2,195  
     16-17 5,829   6,026   2,291   2,347  
GENDER        
     Male 10,230   10,199   2,507   2,574  
     Female 8,719   8,817   3,468   3,449  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15,551   15,631   5,177   5,063  
          White 11,007   11,005   4,312   4,202  
          Black or African American 3,276   3,271   476   545  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 141   138   23   22  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 764   852   227   188  
          Two or More Races 305   304   133 86  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,398   3,385   797 961  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 10,043   10,180   3,130   3,289  
     Small Metro 5,755   5,637   1,812   1,763  
     Nonmetro 3,151   3,200   1,033   972  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,606   1,510   1,049   979  
          Marijuana 1,125   1,016   769   695  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 771   753   543   490  
     Cigarettes 1,808   1,666   1,158   1,039  
     Alcohol 2,773 2,570   1,633   1,590  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,734 1,505   1,040   989  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,261   3,119   1,986   1,881  
          Marijuana 2,219   2,056   1,400   1,297  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,929   1,855   1,307   1,251  
     Cigarettes 2,872   2,714   1,725   1,633  
     Alcohol 5,541   5,480   2,953   2,904  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,895 4,527   2,602   2,429  
          Marijuana 3,026 2,748   1,719   1,613  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,367 3,096   1,939   1,804  
     Cigarettes 4,729 4,411   2,568 2,314  
     Alcohol 7,019   6,831   3,510   3,384  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.65B Number of Times Youths Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Number of Times Youths Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Times Argued or Had a Fight with at Least One Parent1
9 or Fewer 10 or More
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 76.0   75.9   24.0   24.1  
AGE        
     12-13 82.9   81.6   17.1   18.4  
     14-15 73.5   74.5   26.5   25.5  
     16-17 71.8   72.0   28.2   28.0  
GENDER        
     Male 80.3   79.8   19.7   20.2  
     Female 71.5   71.9   28.5   28.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 75.0   75.5   25.0   24.5  
          White 71.8   72.4   28.2   27.6  
          Black or African American 87.3   85.7   12.7   14.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 86.1   86.2   13.9   13.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 77.1   81.9   22.9   18.1  
          Two or More Races 69.6 78.0   30.4 22.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 81.0 77.9   19.0 22.1  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 76.2   75.6   23.8   24.4  
     Small Metro 76.1   76.2   23.9   23.8  
     Nonmetro 75.3   76.7   24.7   23.3  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.5   7.9   17.6   16.2  
          Marijuana 5.9   5.3   12.9   11.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.1   4.0   9.1   8.1  
     Cigarettes 9.5   8.8   19.4 17.3  
     Alcohol 14.6 13.5   27.3   26.4  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.1 7.9   17.4   16.4  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.2   16.4   33.2   31.2  
          Marijuana 11.7 10.8   23.4   21.5  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.2   9.8   21.9   20.8  
     Cigarettes 15.2   14.3   28.9   27.1  
     Alcohol 29.2   28.8   49.4   48.2  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 25.8 23.8   43.6 40.3  
          Marijuana 16.0 14.5   28.8   26.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 17.8 16.3   32.5 29.9  
     Cigarettes 25.0 23.2   43.0 38.4  
     Alcohol 37.0   35.9   58.8 56.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.66A Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking Cigarettes1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 21,225 21,561   3,643 3,396  
AGE        
     12-13 7,519   7,416   653   619  
     14-15 7,232   7,450   1,341 1,124  
     16-17 6,474   6,695   1,650   1,653  
GENDER        
     Male 10,460 10,793   2,216 1,919  
     Female 10,765   10,768   1,427   1,477  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 17,681 17,891   3,059 2,781  
          White 13,117   13,205   2,260 2,053  
          Black or African American 3,114   3,185   597   571  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 134   129   29   28  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 910   955   78   72  
          Two or More Races 347   342   88 53  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,544 3,670   585   614  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,418   11,719   1,723   1,698  
     Small Metro 6,332   6,369   1,218 997  
     Nonmetro 3,474   3,473   702   700  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,750   1,663   889   808  
          Marijuana 1,188   1,079   701   631  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 867   818   438   410  
     Cigarettes 1,760 1,595   1,202   1,099  
     Alcohol 3,260   3,046   1,146   1,109  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,938 1,704   835   791  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,697   3,574   1,550 1,393  
          Marijuana 2,382   2,282   1,238 1,066  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,282   2,178   952   902  
     Cigarettes 3,009   2,869   1,590   1,465  
     Alcohol 6,488   6,516   1,991   1,867  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,472 5,135   2,014 1,793  
          Marijuana 3,227   3,021   1,521 1,338  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,838 3,588   1,455 1,289  
     Cigarettes 5,227 4,847   2,072 1,858  
     Alcohol 8,170   8,061   2,335 2,150  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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Table  3.66B Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Smoking Cigarettes1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 85.3 86.4   14.7 13.6  
AGE        
     12-13 92.0   92.3   8.0   7.7  
     14-15 84.4 86.9   15.6 13.1  
     16-17 79.7   80.2   20.3   19.8  
GENDER        
     Male 82.5 84.9   17.5 15.1  
     Female 88.3   87.9   11.7   12.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 85.3 86.5   14.7 13.5  
          White 85.3 86.5   14.7 13.5  
          Black or African American 83.9   84.8   16.1   15.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 82.1   82.0   17.9   18.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 92.1   93.0   7.9   7.0  
          Two or More Races 79.7 86.5   20.3 13.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 85.8   85.7   14.2   14.3  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 86.9   87.3   13.1   12.7  
     Small Metro 83.9 86.5   16.1 13.5  
     Nonmetro 83.2   83.2   16.8   16.8  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 8.2   7.7   24.4   23.8  
          Marijuana 5.6 5.0   19.2   18.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 4.1   3.8   12.0   12.1  
     Cigarettes 8.3 7.4   33.0   32.4  
     Alcohol 15.4 14.1   31.4   32.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 9.1 7.9   22.9   23.3  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 17.4   16.6   42.5   41.0  
          Marijuana 11.2   10.6   34.0   31.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.8   10.1   26.1   26.6  
     Cigarettes 14.2   13.3   43.6   43.2  
     Alcohol 30.6   30.2   54.6   55.0  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 25.8 23.8   55.3   52.8  
          Marijuana 15.2 14.0   41.7   39.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 18.1 16.6   39.9   38.0  
     Cigarettes 24.6 22.5   56.9   54.7  
     Alcohol 38.5   37.4   64.1   63.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.67A Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana/Hashish1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 20,080 20,351   4,786   4,607  
AGE        
     12-13 7,594   7,475   583   562  
     14-15 6,897   7,045   1,679   1,534  
     16-17 5,590   5,831   2,524   2,511  
GENDER        
     Male 9,886 10,108   2,793 2,602  
     Female 10,194   10,242   1,993   2,005  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16,688   16,822   4,032   3,853  
          White 12,271   12,356   3,094   2,911  
          Black or African American 3,005   3,020   700   732  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 125   134   38 19  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 908   932   78   96  
          Two or More Races 318   307   116   89  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,393 3,529   754   754  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 10,643   10,863   2,515   2,561  
     Small Metro 6,019   6,033   1,514 1,332  
     Nonmetro 3,418   3,455   757   714  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,119   1,023   1,514   1,447  
          Marijuana 593   511   1,294   1,198  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 650   619   651   606  
     Cigarettes 1,402 1,247   1,547   1,446  
     Alcohol 2,451   2,317   1,947   1,833  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,384 1,236   1,386   1,255  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,679   2,534   2,562   2,428  
          Marijuana 1,411   1,291   2,205   2,054  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,760   1,680   1,472   1,394  
     Cigarettes 2,448   2,331   2,135   2,005  
     Alcohol 5,338   5,346   3,132   3,031  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,341 4,030   3,139 2,892  
          Marijuana 2,116   1,943   2,623 2,413  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,182   2,976   2,106 1,893  
     Cigarettes 4,427 4,098   2,853 2,603  
     Alcohol 6,961   6,862   3,531   3,342  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.67B Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Trying Marijuana/Hashish1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 80.8   81.5   19.2   18.5  
AGE        
     12-13 92.9   93.0   7.1   7.0  
     14-15 80.4   82.1   19.6   17.9  
     16-17 68.9   69.9   31.1   30.1  
GENDER        
     Male 78.0 79.5   22.0 20.5  
     Female 83.6   83.6   16.4   16.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 80.5   81.4   19.5   18.6  
          White 79.9   80.9   20.1   19.1  
          Black or African American 81.1   80.5   18.9   19.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 76.7 87.5   23.3 12.5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 92.1   90.7   7.9   9.3  
          Two or More Races 73.2   77.6   26.8   22.4  
     Hispanic or Latino 81.8   82.4   18.2   17.6  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 80.9   80.9   19.1   19.1  
     Small Metro 79.9 81.9   20.1 18.1  
     Nonmetro 81.9   82.9   18.1   17.1  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 5.6   5.0   31.6   31.4  
          Marijuana 3.0   2.5   27.0   26.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.2   3.0   13.6   13.2  
     Cigarettes 7.0 6.1   32.3   31.4  
     Alcohol 12.2   11.4   40.7   39.8  
          Binge Alcohol3 6.9 6.1   29.0   27.2  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 13.3   12.5   53.5   52.7  
          Marijuana 7.0 6.3   46.1   44.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 8.8   8.3   30.8   30.3  
     Cigarettes 12.2   11.5   44.6   43.5  
     Alcohol 26.6   26.3   65.4   65.8  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 21.6 19.8   65.6 62.8  
          Marijuana 10.5 9.5   54.8   52.4  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 15.8 14.6   44.0 41.1  
     Cigarettes 22.0 20.1   59.6 56.5  
     Alcohol 34.7   33.7   73.8   72.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.68A Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana/Hashish1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 20,658   20,792   4,200   4,156  
AGE        
     12-13 7,665   7,498   508   534  
     14-15 7,105   7,227   1,468   1,352  
     16-17 5,888   6,067   2,225   2,270  
GENDER        
     Male 10,133   10,288   2,533   2,416  
     Female 10,525   10,504   1,668   1,740  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 17,174   17,195   3,549   3,473  
          White 12,675   12,723   2,699   2,542  
          Black or African American 3,071   3,019   632   727  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 129   128   34   26  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 911   943   73   85  
          Two or More Races 327   310   107   86  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,485 3,597   651   683  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 10,962   11,152   2,183   2,261  
     Small Metro 6,205   6,137   1,329   1,227  
     Nonmetro 3,491   3,503   689   667  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,191 1,056   1,442   1,409  
          Marijuana 634 535   1,252   1,171  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 697   625   605   600  
     Cigarettes 1,532 1,296   1,422   1,392  
     Alcohol 2,607   2,514   1,788   1,635  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,470 1,311   1,296   1,177  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 2,915 2,701   2,321   2,256  
          Marijuana 1,562   1,423   2,052   1,920  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 1,900   1,750   1,328   1,320  
     Cigarettes 2,646 2,439   1,942   1,893  
     Alcohol 5,698   5,693   2,770   2,686  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 4,666 4,277   2,807   2,639  
          Marijuana 2,329 2,126   2,410   2,228  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,400 3,108   1,882   1,756  
     Cigarettes 4,710 4,294   2,573   2,407  
     Alcohol 7,373   7,226   3,116   2,981  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.68B Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Using Marijuana/Hashish1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 83.1   83.3   16.9   16.7  
AGE        
     12-13 93.8   93.3   6.2   6.7  
     14-15 82.9   84.2   17.1   15.8  
     16-17 72.6   72.8   27.4   27.2  
GENDER        
     Male 80.0   81.0   20.0   19.0  
     Female 86.3   85.8   13.7   14.2  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 82.9   83.2   17.1   16.8  
          White 82.4   83.4   17.6   16.6  
          Black or African American 82.9   80.6   17.1   19.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 78.9   83.1   21.1   16.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 92.6   91.7   7.4   8.3  
          Two or More Races 75.3   78.4   24.7   21.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 84.3   84.0   15.7   16.0  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 83.4   83.1   16.6   16.9  
     Small Metro 82.4   83.3   17.6   16.7  
     Nonmetro 83.5   84.0   16.5   16.0  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 5.8 5.1   34.3   33.9  
          Marijuana 3.1 2.6   29.8   28.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.4   3.0   14.4   14.4  
     Cigarettes 7.4 6.2   33.9   33.5  
     Alcohol 12.6   12.1   42.6 39.3  
          Binge Alcohol3 7.1 6.3   30.9   28.3  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 14.1 13.0   55.3   54.3  
          Marijuana 7.6 6.8   48.9   46.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 9.2 8.4   31.6   31.8  
     Cigarettes 12.8 11.7   46.2   45.6  
     Alcohol 27.6   27.4   65.9   64.6  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 22.6 20.6   66.8 63.5  
          Marijuana 11.3 10.2   57.4 53.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 16.5 14.9   44.8   42.2  
     Cigarettes 22.8 20.7   61.3 57.9  
     Alcohol 35.7   34.8   74.2   71.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.69A Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Drinking Alcoholic Beverages1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 20,752   20,906   4,113   4,063  
AGE        
     12-13 7,528   7,392   639   637  
     14-15 7,033   7,130   1,542   1,458  
     16-17 6,191   6,384   1,932   1,967  
GENDER        
     Male 10,127 10,320   2,544   2,396  
     Female 10,625   10,585   1,569   1,667  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 17,291   17,332   3,443   3,355  
          White 12,758   12,742   2,621   2,528  
          Black or African American 3,093   3,120   612   641  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 141   131   22   20  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 890   942   96   89  
          Two or More Races 349   325   87   71  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,461 3,573   670   708  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 11,156   11,355   1,990   2,078  
     Small Metro 6,201   6,153   1,341   1,209  
     Nonmetro 3,395   3,398   782   776  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 1,618   1,463   1,017   1,007  
          Marijuana 1,057   933   827   776  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 819   749   486   477  
     Cigarettes 1,758 1,552   1,195   1,140  
     Alcohol 2,824   2,661   1,574   1,493  
          Binge Alcohol3 1,611   1,465   1,156 1,024  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 3,478 3,242   1,764   1,724  
          Marijuana 2,208   2,036   1,409   1,311  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,142   1,990   1,092   1,086  
     Cigarettes 2,983 2,731   1,607   1,606  
     Alcohol 5,988   5,893   2,490   2,491  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 5,185 4,781   2,295   2,142  
          Marijuana 3,007 2,750   1,737   1,609  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3,631 3,358   1,658   1,510  
     Cigarettes 5,064 4,578   2,225   2,134  
     Alcohol 7,648   7,406   2,856   2,807  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table  3.69B Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day, by Demographic Characteristics (I), and Selected Substance Use, by Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day (II), among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic and
(II) Substance Use
Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings about Youths Drinking Alcoholic Beverages1
Youths Feel Close Friends Strongly/Somewhat Disapprove Youths Feel Close Friends Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
2004 2005 2004 2005
(I) Demographic Characteristic        
TOTAL 83.5   83.7   16.5   16.3  
AGE        
     12-13 92.2   92.1   7.8   7.9  
     14-15 82.0   83.0   18.0   17.0  
     16-17 76.2   76.4   23.8   23.6  
GENDER        
     Male 79.9   81.2   20.1   18.8  
     Female 87.1   86.4   12.9   13.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
     Not Hispanic or Latino 83.4   83.8   16.6   16.2  
          White 83.0   83.4   17.0   16.6  
          Black or African American 83.5   83.0   16.5   17.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 86.6   86.8   13.4   13.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
          Asian 90.2   91.4   9.8   8.6  
          Two or More Races 80.1   82.1   19.9   17.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 83.8   83.5   16.2   16.5  
COUNTY TYPE        
     Large Metro 84.9   84.5   15.1   15.5  
     Small Metro 82.2   83.6   17.8   16.4  
     Nonmetro 81.3   81.4   18.7   18.6  
(II) Substance Use        
PAST MONTH        
     Illicit Drugs2 7.8 7.0   24.7   24.8  
          Marijuana 5.1 4.5   20.1   19.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 3.9   3.6   11.8   11.7  
     Cigarettes 8.5 7.4   29.1   28.1  
     Alcohol 13.6   12.7   38.3   36.7  
          Binge Alcohol3 7.8 7.0   28.1 25.2  
PAST YEAR        
     Illicit Drugs2 16.8 15.5   42.9   42.4  
          Marijuana 10.6 9.7   34.3   32.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 10.3 9.5   26.5   26.7  
     Cigarettes 14.4 13.1   39.1   39.5  
     Alcohol 28.9   28.2   60.5   61.3  
LIFETIME        
     Illicit Drugs2 25.0 22.9   55.8 52.7  
          Marijuana 14.5 13.2   42.2   39.6  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 17.5 16.1   40.3 37.2  
     Cigarettes 24.4 21.9   54.1   52.5  
     Alcohol 36.9 35.4   69.4   69.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

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This page was last updated on June 16, 2008.