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2005 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

60627

Table  5.1A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Illicit Drug Dependence/
Abuse Status1
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE/ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or Abuse Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 240,515   243,220   221,861 224,562   18,654   18,658   8,355   7,974   10,298   10,685  
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 233,217 236,387   218,009 221,002   15,208   15,385   6,432   6,082   8,776   9,303  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 7,298   6,833   3,852   3,560   3,445   3,273   1,924   1,892   1,522   1,381  
     Dependence 4,852   4,718   2,571   2,507   2,281   2,211   1,414   1,366   868   845  
     Abuse 2,445 2,114   1,281   1,053   1,164   1,062   510   526   654   536  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.1B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Illicit Drug Dependence/
Abuse Status1
Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE/ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or Abuse Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 100.0   100.0   92.2   92.3   7.8   7.7   3.5   3.3   4.3   4.4  
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 97.0   97.2   90.6   90.9   6.3   6.3   2.7   2.5   3.6   3.8  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 3.0   2.8   1.6   1.5   1.4   1.3   0.8   0.8   0.6   0.6  
     Dependence 2.0   1.9   1.1   1.0   0.9   0.9   0.6   0.6   0.4   0.3  
     Abuse 1.0 0.9   0.5 0.4   0.5   0.4   0.2   0.2   0.3   0.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.2A Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,298   6,833   1,347 1,186   2,684   2,728   3,267   2,918  
     Marijuana and Hashish 4,469   4,090   979   907   1,936   1,911   1,554   1,271  
     Cocaine 1,571   1,549   91   93   462   484   1,018   972  
     Heroin 270   227   21   9   70   89   179   129  
     Hallucinogens 449   371   121   128   214   188   114   55  
     Inhalants 233   221   134   108   52   49   47   64  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 2,048   1,959   388   329   652   702   1,008   928  
          Pain Relievers 1,388   1,546   309   275   454   541   624   730  
          Tranquilizers 573   419   75   71   154   176   344 173  
          Stimulants 470   409   86   73   172   170   212   166  
          Sedatives 128   97   22   34   24   20   82   44  
ALCOHOL 18,654   18,658   1,517   1,407   5,609   5,692   11,528   11,560  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 22,506   22,218   2,228 2,038   6,840   7,069   13,438   13,111  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 3,445   3,273   635   555   1,453   1,351   1,357   1,367  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.2B Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.0   2.8   5.3 4.7   8.3   8.4   1.8   1.6  
     Marijuana and Hashish 1.9 1.7   3.9   3.6   6.0   5.9   0.8   0.7  
     Cocaine 0.7   0.6   0.4   0.4   1.4   1.5   0.6   0.5  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.2   0.3   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 0.2   0.2   0.5   0.5   0.7   0.6   0.1   0.0  
     Inhalants 0.1   0.1   0.5   0.4   0.2   0.2   0.0   0.0  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 0.9   0.8   1.5   1.3   2.0   2.2   0.6   0.5  
          Pain Relievers 0.6   0.6   1.2   1.1   1.4   1.7   0.3   0.4  
          Tranquilizers 0.2   0.2   0.3   0.3   0.5   0.5   0.2 0.1  
          Stimulants 0.2   0.2   0.3   0.3   0.5   0.5   0.1   0.1  
          Sedatives 0.1   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0  
ALCOHOL 7.8   7.7   6.0   5.5   17.4   17.5   6.3   6.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 9.4   9.1   8.8 8.0   21.2   21.8   7.3   7.1  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 1.4   1.3   2.5   2.2   4.5   4.2   0.7   0.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.3A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 7,298   6,833   18,654   18,658   22,506   22,218  
12 43   25   17   23   50   45  
13 85   65   76   77   131   120  
14 202 133   159 113   289 191  
15 256   235   287   291   405   422  
16 352   330   428   400   596   576  
17 408   398   549   502   758   683  
18 495   481   691   622   945   883  
19 404   427   676   793   873   1,000  
20 427   387   733   769   926   959  
21 410   327   899   776   1,036   915  
22 341   349   799   798   950   953  
23 233 307   616 787   719 952  
24 180   199   644   562   736   685  
25 195   251   552   583   654   722  
26-29 768   627   2,032   2,024   2,468   2,338  
30-34 622   502   1,784   1,699   2,131   1,983  
35-39 478   501   1,680   1,740   1,961   1,984  
40-44 589   482   2,076   1,771   2,393   2,024  
45-49 403   356   1,401   1,599   1,669   1,769  
50-54 247   308   1,098   918   1,243   1,104  
55-59 85   108   718   754   770   820  
60-64 62   24   248   443   310   467  
65 or Older 13   10   491   612   492   622  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.3B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3.0   2.8   7.8   7.7   9.4   9.1  
12 1.1   0.6   0.4   0.6   1.3   1.1  
13 1.9   1.5   1.7   1.8   3.0   2.8  
14 4.6 3.1   3.6 2.6   6.6 4.4  
15 6.0   5.4   6.7   6.7   9.4   9.7  
16 8.6   7.6   10.4   9.3   14.5   13.4  
17 10.0   9.7   13.5   12.2   18.6   16.6  
18 10.8   10.5   15.0   13.6   20.6   19.3  
19 10.3   10.0   17.2   18.5   22.2   23.3  
20 10.7   9.4   18.4   18.7   23.2   23.3  
21 10.0   8.1   22.0   19.3   25.4   22.8  
22 8.5   8.6   19.9   19.7   23.6   23.5  
23 5.9 7.9   15.7 20.2   18.3 24.5  
24 4.4   5.4   15.9   15.1   18.2   18.4  
25 5.4   6.5   15.3   15.2   18.2   18.8  
26-29 5.0   4.0   13.2   13.0   16.1   15.1  
30-34 3.2   2.6   9.1   8.8   10.9   10.3  
35-39 2.3   2.5   8.0   8.7   9.4   9.9  
40-44 2.6   2.1   9.2   7.6   10.6 8.7  
45-49 1.9   1.6   6.5   7.3   7.8   8.1  
50-54 1.3   1.6   5.7   4.7   6.4   5.6  
55-59 0.5   0.6   4.4   4.4   4.7   4.8  
60-64 0.5   0.2   2.0   3.3   2.5   3.5  
65 or Older 0.0   0.0   1.4   1.7   1.4   1.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.4A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 7,298   6,833   18,654   18,658   22,506   22,218  
AGE            
     12-17 1,347 1,186   1,517   1,407   2,228 2,038  
     18-25 2,684   2,728   5,609   5,692   6,840   7,069  
     26 or Older 3,267   2,918   11,528   11,560   13,438   13,111  
GENDER            
     Male 4,592   4,180   12,523   12,178   14,778   14,200  
     Female 2,706   2,653   6,131   6,480   7,728   8,018  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 6,244   6,008   16,160   16,063   19,466   19,224  
          White 4,779   4,513   13,526   13,353   16,026   15,700  
          Black or African American 1,027   1,119   1,760   1,830   2,320   2,441  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 104   91   192   232   262   265  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   21   *   68   *   78  
          Asian 125   120   371   385   471   456  
          Two or More Races 167   145   253   196   312   284  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,053 824   2,494   2,595   3,041   2,994  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.4B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3.0   2.8   7.8   7.7   9.4   9.1  
AGE            
     12-17 5.3 4.7   6.0   5.5   8.8 8.0  
     18-25 8.3   8.4   17.4   17.5   21.2   21.8  
     26 or Older 1.8   1.6   6.3   6.2   7.3   7.1  
GENDER            
     Male 3.9 3.5   10.8   10.3   12.7   12.0  
     Female 2.2   2.1   4.9   5.2   6.2   6.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3.0   2.8   7.7   7.6   9.3   9.1  
          White 2.9   2.7   8.1   8.0   9.6   9.4  
          Black or African American 3.7   3.9   6.3   6.4   8.3   8.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8.0   7.2   14.8   18.3   20.2   21.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   3.0   *   9.5   *   11.0  
          Asian 1.3   1.2   3.7   3.8   4.7   4.5  
          Two or More Races 6.5   5.5   9.9   7.5   12.2   10.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.4 2.6   8.0   8.1   9.8   9.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.5A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,347 1,186   1,517   1,407   2,228 2,038  
GENDER            
     Male 671   623   768 660   1,114   1,005  
     Female 676 563   749   747   1,114   1,033  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,084   986   1,243   1,149   1,825   1,686  
          White 857   786   1,040   1,012   1,497   1,405  
          Black or African American 146   149   122 82   211   197  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 22 13   23   13   33   22  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 13   7   16   15   24   18  
          Two or More Races 44   28   41   21   56   35  
     Hispanic or Latino 263   200   274   258   404   352  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 412   395   511   460   730   659  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 445   392   529   552   767   745  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 85   93   72   47   117   118  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 61   56   50   34   94   80  
     Male, Hispanic 133   110   146   123   207   187  
     Female, Hispanic 130   90   127   135   197   165  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.5B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.3 4.7   6.0   5.5   8.8 8.0  
GENDER            
     Male 5.2   4.8   6.0 5.1   8.7   7.8  
     Female 5.5 4.5   6.1   6.0   9.0   8.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.2   4.7   5.9   5.5   8.7   8.0  
          White 5.5   5.1   6.7   6.6   9.7   9.1  
          Black or African American 3.8   3.9   3.2 2.1   5.6   5.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 13.1 7.7   13.7   8.1   20.3   13.4  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 1.3   0.7   1.6   1.4   2.4   1.7  
          Two or More Races 10.0   7.0   9.3   5.3   12.6   8.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 6.2 4.6   6.5   5.9   9.5   8.0  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 5.2   5.0   6.4   5.8   9.2   8.4  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 5.9   5.2   7.0   7.3   10.1   9.9  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 4.4   4.8   3.7   2.4   6.0   6.0  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 3.3   2.9   2.7   1.8   5.1   4.2  
     Male, Hispanic 6.2   4.9   6.8   5.5   9.6   8.3  
     Female, Hispanic 6.3   4.2   6.2   6.3   9.5   7.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.6A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,684   2,728   5,609   5,692   6,840   7,069  
GENDER            
     Male 1,762   1,718   3,602   3,554   4,334   4,369  
     Female 922   1,011   2,006   2,138   2,506   2,700  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,301   2,330   4,762   4,825   5,823   5,963  
          White 1,843   1,863   4,014   4,001   4,818   4,887  
          Black or African American 352   336   472   495   682   693  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 18   24   43   48   51   62  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   20   *   26   *  
          Asian 32   51   139   172   155   194  
          Two or More Races 44   43   73   83   91   99  
     Hispanic or Latino 383   398   847   867   1,016   1,106  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 727   744   1,061   1,015   1,441   1,434  
     High School Graduate 937   998   1,726   1,797   2,186   2,317  
     Some College 863   792   2,049   2,115   2,369   2,469  
     College Graduate 157   194   772   766   844   849  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1,144   1,181   2,827   2,836   3,351   3,412  
     Part-Time 676   661   1,406   1,482   1,681   1,798  
     Unemployed 367   350   522   453   710   638  
     Other2 498   536   853   920   1,097   1,221  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.6B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8.3   8.4   17.4   17.5   21.2   21.8  
GENDER            
     Male 10.9   10.5   22.3   21.8   26.8   26.7  
     Female 5.8   6.3   12.5   13.2   15.6   16.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8.7   8.7   18.0   18.0   22.0   22.3  
          White 9.2   9.3   20.1   19.9   24.2   24.3  
          Black or African American 8.1   7.6   10.8   11.2   15.6   15.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.6   11.2   25.3   22.3   29.7   28.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   16.6   *   21.4   *  
          Asian 2.1   3.4   9.1   11.3   10.2   12.8  
          Two or More Races 12.5   12.6   20.7   24.1   25.9   29.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 6.7   6.9   14.8   15.1   17.8   19.2  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 10.9   11.2   15.9   15.2   21.6   21.5  
     High School Graduate 8.5   8.9   15.6   16.0   19.8   20.6  
     Some College 8.4   7.6   19.9   20.2   23.0   23.6  
     College Graduate 3.8   4.7   18.6   18.5   20.3   20.5  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 7.6   7.7   18.7   18.5   22.2   22.2  
     Part-Time 8.3   8.0   17.4   18.0   20.8   21.8  
     Unemployed 14.2   13.6   20.3   17.6   27.6   24.8  
     Other2 7.8   8.5   13.4   14.5   17.2   19.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.7A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,267   2,918   11,528   11,560   13,438   13,111  
GENDER            
     Male 2,159   1,840   8,153   7,964   9,330   8,826  
     Female 1,108   1,079   3,375   3,595   4,108   4,285  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,859   2,692   10,155   10,089   11,818   11,575  
          White 2,079   1,864   8,471   8,341   9,710   9,409  
          Black or African American 529   634   1,165   1,253   1,427   1,551  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 64   *   126   *   177   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 79   61   217   198   292   244  
          Two or More Races 79   74   139   92   165   150  
     Hispanic or Latino 408 227   1,373   1,471   1,620   1,537  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 734   708   1,895   1,838   2,316   2,202  
     High School Graduate 1,039   1,025   3,343   3,252   4,010   3,831  
     Some College 891   662   2,903   2,903   3,376   3,239  
     College Graduate 604   523   3,387   3,566   3,735   3,839  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1,854   1,736   8,075   8,009   9,129   8,882  
     Part-Time 367   360   1,366   1,210   1,584   1,391  
     Unemployed 325   263   632   534   760   698  
     Other2 720   560   1,456   1,807   1,965   2,140  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.7B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.8   1.6   6.3   6.2   7.3   7.1  
GENDER            
     Male 2.5   2.1   9.3   9.0   10.7   10.0  
     Female 1.2   1.1   3.5   3.7   4.3   4.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.8   1.6   6.3   6.2   7.3   7.1  
          White 1.6   1.4   6.4   6.3   7.4   7.1  
          Black or African American 2.7   3.1   5.9   6.2   7.2   7.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.7   *   13.1   *   18.5   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 1.1   0.8   2.9   2.6   3.9   3.2  
          Two or More Races 4.5   3.9   7.9   4.9   9.3   8.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 1.9 1.0   6.5   6.7   7.7   7.0  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 2.5   2.4   6.4   6.3   7.8   7.6  
     High School Graduate 1.8   1.8   5.9   5.7   7.0   6.7  
     Some College 2.0   1.5   6.5   6.5   7.6   7.2  
     College Graduate 1.2   1.0   6.5   6.6   7.2   7.1  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1.8   1.6   7.8   7.6   8.8   8.4  
     Part-Time 1.9   1.8   7.0   6.0   8.1   6.9  
     Unemployed 6.8   5.2   13.2   10.6   15.8   13.9  
     Other2 1.3   1.0   2.7   3.3   3.6   3.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.8A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,951   5,647   17,137   17,251   20,278   20,180  
GENDER            
     Male 3,921   3,557   11,755   11,518   13,664   13,195  
     Female 2,030   2,089   5,382   5,733   6,614   6,985  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5,160   5,022   14,917   14,914   17,641   17,538  
          White 3,921   3,727   12,486   12,341   14,528   14,295  
          Black or African American 881   970   1,638   1,749   2,108   2,244  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 82   78   170   219   228   243  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   18   *   61   *   68  
          Asian 111   112   355   370   447   438  
          Two or More Races 123   117   212   175   256   249  
     Hispanic or Latino 791   625   2,220   2,337   2,637   2,642  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 1,461   1,452   2,957   2,853   3,757   3,636  
     High School Graduate 1,976   2,023   5,069   5,049   6,197   6,148  
     Some College 1,754 1,454   4,952   5,018   5,745   5,708  
     College Graduate 761   717   4,159   4,332   4,579   4,688  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 2,998   2,917   10,902   10,845   12,480   12,294  
     Part-Time 1,043   1,021   2,772   2,692   3,265   3,189  
     Unemployed 692   614   1,153   987   1,470   1,336  
     Other2 1,218   1,096   2,310   2,727   3,062   3,361  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.8B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.8   2.6   8.0   7.9   9.4   9.3  
GENDER            
     Male 3.8   3.4   11.3   11.0   13.2   12.6  
     Female 1.8   1.9   4.8   5.1   5.9   6.2  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.7   2.6   7.9   7.8   9.4   9.2  
          White 2.6   2.4   8.2   8.1   9.6   9.4  
          Black or African American 3.6   3.9   6.8   7.1   8.7   9.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 7.3   7.1   15.0   19.9   20.2   22.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   2.8   *   9.7   *   10.8  
          Asian 1.2   1.2   4.0   4.1   5.0   4.8  
          Two or More Races 5.8   5.3   10.0   7.9   12.1   11.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.0   2.3   8.3   8.4   9.8   9.5  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 4.0   4.1   8.1   8.0   10.3   10.2  
     High School Graduate 2.9   3.0   7.4   7.4   9.1   9.0  
     Some College 3.2 2.6   9.0   9.1   10.5   10.3  
     College Graduate 1.4   1.2   7.4   7.4   8.2   8.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 2.5   2.4   9.2   9.0   10.5   10.2  
     Part-Time 3.8   3.6   10.1   9.5   11.9   11.2  
     Unemployed 9.4   8.1   15.6   13.0   19.9   17.6  
     Other2 2.0   1.8   3.8   4.4   5.0   5.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.9A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 7,298   6,833   18,654   18,658   22,506   22,218  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1,366   1,299   3,289   3,198   4,057   3,894  
          New England 386   443   949   1,044   1,134   1,285  
          Middle Atlantic 980   856   2,340   2,154   2,923   2,609  
     Midwest 1,550   1,418   4,801   4,501   5,555   5,243  
          East North Central 1,174   1,018   3,275   2,983   3,857   3,556  
          West North Central 376   400   1,526   1,518   1,698   1,686  
     South 2,540   2,429   5,956   6,439   7,362   7,682  
          South Atlantic 1,244   1,308   3,045   3,511   3,747   4,176  
          East South Central 506   389   946   806   1,170   1,027  
          West South Central 789   732   1,964   2,122   2,446   2,479  
     West 1,842   1,687   4,608   4,520   5,531   5,400  
          Mountain 476   547   1,542   1,435   1,770   1,735  
          Pacific 1,367   1,139   3,066   3,085   3,761   3,665  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 3,839   3,671   10,064   9,911   12,149   11,831  
     Small Metro 2,345   2,206   5,906   5,902   7,036   7,068  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,542   1,560   3,798   3,940   4,568   4,777  
          < 250K Pop. 803   646   2,108   1,962   2,468   2,291  
     Nonmetro 1,114   956   2,684   2,845   3,321   3,320  
          Urbanized 582   441   1,259   1,106   1,613 1,326  
          Less Urbanized 474   418   1,206   1,361   1,460   1,548  
          Completely Rural 58   97   219   378   248 446  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.9B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3.0   2.8   7.8   7.7   9.4   9.1  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 3.0   2.8   7.2   7.0   8.9   8.5  
          New England 3.2   3.7   7.9   8.7   9.5   10.7  
          Middle Atlantic 2.9   2.5   7.0   6.4   8.7   7.8  
     Midwest 2.9   2.6   8.9   8.3   10.2   9.6  
          East North Central 3.1   2.7   8.6   7.8   10.2   9.3  
          West North Central 2.3   2.4   9.4   9.2   10.4   10.3  
     South 2.9   2.8   6.9   7.4   8.5   8.8  
          South Atlantic 2.8   2.8   6.7   7.6   8.3   9.1  
          East South Central 3.5   2.7   6.6   5.5   8.1   7.1  
          West South Central 3.0   2.7   7.4   7.9   9.2   9.2  
     West 3.4   3.0   8.4   8.1   10.1   9.7  
          Mountain 3.0   3.3   9.6   8.7   11.1   10.6  
          Pacific 3.5   2.9   7.9   7.9   9.7   9.4  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 3.0   2.8   7.8   7.6   9.5   9.0  
     Small Metro 3.3   3.1   8.2   8.2   9.8   9.9  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.3   3.3   8.1   8.3   9.7   10.0  
          < 250K Pop. 3.3   2.7   8.6   8.2   10.1   9.6  
     Nonmetro 2.7   2.4   6.6   7.0   8.2   8.2  
          Urbanized 3.5   2.9   7.5   7.2   9.7   8.6  
          Less Urbanized 2.3   2.1   5.9   6.7   7.2   7.6  
          Completely Rural 1.6   2.0   6.1   7.9   7.0   9.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.10A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,347 1,186   1,517   1,407   2,228 2,038  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 272   216   273   230   422 351  
          New England 77   70   72   53   118   101  
          Middle Atlantic 194 146   201   177   304   251  
     Midwest 294 243   392   340   535   468  
          East North Central 216 167   262 216   372 305  
          West North Central 78   75   130   123   163   163  
     South 420   426   449   469   685   704  
          South Atlantic 200   222   221   244   336   365  
          East South Central 68   61   67   85   102   117  
          West South Central 151   142   160   140   246   222  
     West 361   302   403   368   586   514  
          Mountain 108   115   118   137   174   197  
          Pacific 253 187   285   231   412 316  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 693   601   700   705   1,078   1,015  
     Small Metro 439   387   505 408   747 624  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 300   278   331   286   493   433  
          < 250K Pop. 139   109   173 122   254 191  
     Nonmetro 215   198   312   294   404   398  
          Urbanized 94   86   117   114   156   158  
          Less Urbanized 108   98   157   132   209   183  
          Completely Rural 12   14   38   47   39   57  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.10B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.3 4.7   6.0   5.5   8.8 8.0  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 6.0   4.8   6.0   5.1   9.3 7.7  
          New England 6.6   6.0   6.1   4.5   10.1   8.6  
          Middle Atlantic 5.8 4.3   6.0   5.2   9.0   7.4  
     Midwest 5.2 4.3   6.9   6.0   9.4   8.3  
          East North Central 5.4 4.2   6.5 5.4   9.3 7.6  
          West North Central 4.7   4.6   7.8   7.5   9.8   9.9  
     South 4.7   4.7   5.0   5.2   7.6   7.8  
          South Atlantic 4.4   4.8   4.8   5.3   7.3   7.9  
          East South Central 4.7   4.2   4.6   5.9   7.1   8.1  
          West South Central 5.1   4.8   5.4   4.7   8.3   7.4  
     West 6.0   5.0   6.7   6.1   9.8   8.5  
          Mountain 6.2   6.5   6.8   7.8   10.0   11.2  
          Pacific 6.0 4.3   6.7   5.3   9.7 7.3  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 5.2 4.4   5.2   5.2   8.1   7.4  
     Small Metro 5.7   5.2   6.6 5.5   9.8 8.4  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5.9   5.5   6.5   5.6   9.7   8.5  
          < 250K Pop. 5.5   4.6   6.8   5.2   10.0   8.1  
     Nonmetro 5.1   4.7   7.4   6.9   9.6   9.4  
          Urbanized 5.6   5.5   6.9   7.2   9.2   10.0  
          Less Urbanized 5.0   4.6   7.3   6.2   9.7   8.5  
          Completely Rural 3.2   2.8   9.9   9.3   10.4   11.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.11A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,684   2,728   5,609   5,692   6,840   7,069  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 539   551   1,065   1,015   1,308   1,319  
          New England 170   188   321   295   385   396  
          Middle Atlantic 369   363   744   721   923   922  
     Midwest 604   561   1,491   1,531   1,757   1,787  
          East North Central 404   400   991   1,014   1,170   1,211  
          West North Central 199   160   500   516   587   575  
     South 940   938   1,723   1,764   2,198   2,269  
          South Atlantic 444   460   851   867   1,082   1,100  
          East South Central 169   156   254   243   329   348  
          West South Central 326   322   617   655   788   821  
     West 602   678   1,330   1,382   1,577   1,695  
          Mountain 173   211   427   443   499   530  
          Pacific 429   467   903   939   1,078   1,165  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1,334   1,497   2,774   3,038   3,420 3,801  
     Small Metro 950   864   2,003   1,852   2,385   2,298  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 623   602   1,268   1,198   1,518   1,503  
          < 250K Pop. 327   262   735   654   867   795  
     Nonmetro 401   368   832   802   1,035   970  
          Urbanized 183   206   402   389   484   475  
          Less Urbanized 193 140   374   351   477   418  
          Completely Rural 25   22   56   62   74   77  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.11B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8.3   8.4   17.4   17.5   21.2   21.8  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 9.5   9.7   18.7   17.8   23.0   23.1  
          New England 11.4   12.6   21.5   19.7   25.9   26.5  
          Middle Atlantic 8.8   8.6   17.7   17.1   22.0   21.9  
     Midwest 8.1   7.5   20.0   20.5   23.6   24.0  
          East North Central 7.9   7.8   19.3   19.8   22.8   23.7  
          West North Central 8.6   6.9   21.6   22.2   25.4   24.7  
     South 8.1   8.0   14.9   15.1   19.0   19.4  
          South Atlantic 7.8   7.9   14.9   14.9   19.0   18.9  
          East South Central 8.7   8.0   13.0   12.4   16.8   17.9  
          West South Central 8.4   8.2   15.9   16.7   20.3   20.9  
     West 8.0   8.9   17.7   18.1   20.9   22.2  
          Mountain 7.6   9.0   18.7   18.9   21.8   22.6  
          Pacific 8.2   8.9   17.2   17.8   20.6   22.1  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 8.0   8.7   16.7   17.6   20.5 22.1  
     Small Metro 9.0   8.4   18.9   17.9   22.5   22.3  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 9.0   8.9   18.4   17.7   22.0   22.2  
          < 250K Pop. 8.8   7.4   19.8   18.5   23.3   22.4  
     Nonmetro 8.1   7.4   16.8   16.2   20.9   19.6  
          Urbanized 8.0   9.8   17.5   18.5   21.0   22.5  
          Less Urbanized 8.3 6.0   16.2   14.9   20.6   17.8  
          Completely Rural 7.6   4.4   17.1   12.6   22.8   15.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.12A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,267   2,918   11,528   11,560   13,438   13,111  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 555   532   1,952   1,953   2,326   2,224  
          New England 139   185   556   697   631   788  
          Middle Atlantic 416   347   1,396   1,257   1,696   1,436  
     Midwest 652   615   2,918   2,631   3,263   2,988  
          East North Central 554   450   2,023   1,753   2,315   2,040  
          West North Central 99   165   895   878   949   948  
     South 1,180   1,065   3,784   4,206   4,480   4,709  
          South Atlantic 600   625   1,973   2,400   2,329   2,711  
          East South Central 269   172   625   478   739   562  
          West South Central 312   267   1,187   1,327   1,412   1,436  
     West 879   707   2,874   2,770   3,368   3,191  
          Mountain 194   222   997   855   1,098   1,007  
          Pacific 685   485   1,877   1,915   2,270   2,184  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1,812   1,574   6,590   6,168   7,651   7,014  
     Small Metro 956   955   3,398   3,642   3,905   4,146  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 619   680   2,199   2,455   2,558   2,840  
          < 250K Pop. 337   275   1,200   1,186   1,346   1,306  
     Nonmetro 499   390   1,540   1,750   1,882   1,951  
          Urbanized 305 149   739   603   973 693  
          Less Urbanized 173   180   674   878   774   947  
          Completely Rural 21   61   126   269   135 312  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.12B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.8   1.6   6.3   6.2   7.3   7.1  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1.6   1.5   5.5   5.5   6.6   6.3  
          New England 1.5   2.0   6.0   7.5   6.8   8.5  
          Middle Atlantic 1.6   1.3   5.4   4.8   6.5   5.5  
     Midwest 1.6   1.5   7.1   6.4   7.9   7.2  
          East North Central 1.9   1.6   7.0   6.0   8.0   7.0  
          West North Central 0.8   1.3   7.3   7.1   7.7   7.6  
     South 1.8   1.6   5.8   6.3   6.8   7.0  
          South Atlantic 1.7   1.8   5.7   6.7   6.7   7.6  
          East South Central 2.4   1.5   5.7   4.3   6.7   5.0  
          West South Central 1.6   1.3   6.0   6.6   7.2   7.2  
     West 2.1   1.7   7.0   6.6   8.2   7.6  
          Mountain 1.6   1.8   8.3   6.9   9.2   8.2  
          Pacific 2.3   1.6   6.4   6.5   7.8   7.4  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1.8   1.6   6.7   6.2   7.8   7.0  
     Small Metro 1.8   1.8   6.4   6.8   7.3   7.7  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.8   1.9   6.3   6.9   7.3   7.9  
          < 250K Pop. 1.9   1.5   6.6   6.6   7.4   7.3  
     Nonmetro 1.6   1.2   4.9   5.6   6.0   6.2  
          Urbanized 2.4 1.3   5.8   5.2   7.7   5.9  
          Less Urbanized 1.1   1.1   4.3   5.5   4.9   6.0  
          Completely Rural 0.7   1.6   4.4   7.1   4.7 8.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.13A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,951   5,647   17,137   17,251   20,278   20,180  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1,094   1,084   3,016   2,969   3,635   3,542  
          New England 309   373   877   991   1,016   1,184  
          Middle Atlantic 786   711   2,140   1,977   2,619   2,358  
     Midwest 1,256   1,175   4,409   4,161   5,020   4,774  
          East North Central 958   850   3,014   2,767   3,485   3,251  
          West North Central 298   325   1,396   1,394   1,535   1,523  
     South 2,120   2,003   5,507   5,970   6,677   6,978  
          South Atlantic 1,044   1,085   2,824   3,267   3,410   3,811  
          East South Central 438   328   879   721   1,068   910  
          West South Central 638   590   1,804   1,982   2,199   2,257  
     West 1,481   1,385   4,204   4,152   4,945   4,886  
          Mountain 367   433   1,424   1,298   1,596   1,537  
          Pacific 1,113   952   2,780   2,854   3,348   3,348  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 3,146   3,070   9,364   9,206   11,071   10,815  
     Small Metro 1,906   1,819   5,402   5,494   6,289   6,444  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,242   1,282   3,466   3,653   4,076   4,344  
          < 250K Pop. 664   537   1,935   1,840   2,213   2,100  
     Nonmetro 899   757   2,372   2,551   2,917   2,921  
          Urbanized 488   354   1,141   992   1,457 1,167  
          Less Urbanized 366   321   1,049   1,229   1,251   1,365  
          Completely Rural 46   82   181   331   209 388  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.13B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.8   2.6   8.0   7.9   9.4   9.3  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 2.7   2.6   7.4   7.2   8.9   8.6  
          New England 2.9   3.5   8.1   9.2   9.4   11.0  
          Middle Atlantic 2.6   2.3   7.1   6.5   8.7   7.8  
     Midwest 2.6   2.4   9.1   8.5   10.3   9.8  
          East North Central 2.8   2.5   8.9   8.1   10.3   9.5  
          West North Central 2.0   2.2   9.6   9.4   10.5   10.3  
     South 2.7   2.6   7.1   7.6   8.7   8.9  
          South Atlantic 2.6   2.6   7.0   7.9   8.4   9.2  
          East South Central 3.4   2.5   6.8   5.5   8.3   7.0  
          West South Central 2.7   2.5   7.6   8.3   9.3   9.4  
     West 3.0   2.8   8.6   8.4   10.2   9.9  
          Mountain 2.6   2.9   10.0   8.8   11.2   10.5  
          Pacific 3.2   2.7   8.1   8.2   9.7   9.6  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 2.7   2.6   8.1   7.8   9.6   9.2  
     Small Metro 3.0   2.8   8.4   8.6   9.8   10.0  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.0   3.0   8.2   8.6   9.7   10.2  
          < 250K Pop. 3.0   2.5   8.8   8.5   10.1   9.8  
     Nonmetro 2.5   2.1   6.5   7.0   8.0   8.0  
          Urbanized 3.3   2.6   7.6   7.2   9.7   8.5  
          Less Urbanized 2.0   1.8   5.8   6.7   6.9   7.5  
          Completely Rural 1.4   1.9   5.7   7.8   6.5   9.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.14A Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,852   4,718   737   678   1,786   1,899   2,329   2,141  
     Marijuana and Hashish 2,670   2,619   508   506   1,237   1,259   925   854  
     Cocaine 1,175   1,144   72   57   287   326   816   760  
     Heroin 226   199   11   4   53   82   162   113  
     Hallucinogens 180   143   52   56   91   80   37   *  
     Inhalants 90   46   45   33   18   7   27   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 1,395   1,366   213   187   445   476   736   703  
          Pain Relievers 970   1,102   169   162   314   353   488   586  
          Tranquilizers 252   243   23   30   74   90   155   123  
          Stimulants 359   273   47   35   126   125   186   113  
          Sedatives 89   54   15   13   16   9   58   32  
ALCOHOL 8,355   7,974   535   549   2,313   2,350   5,508   5,075  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 11,794   11,326   1,075   1,036   3,546   3,735   7,173   6,555  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 1,414   1,366   197   192   553   514   664   660  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.14B Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2.0   1.9   2.9   2.7   5.5   5.8   1.3   1.2  
     Marijuana and Hashish 1.1   1.1   2.0   2.0   3.8   3.9   0.5   0.5  
     Cocaine 0.5   0.5   0.3   0.2   0.9   1.0   0.4   0.4  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.2   0.3   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 0.1   0.1   0.2   0.2   0.3   0.2   0.0   *  
     Inhalants 0.0   0.0   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 0.6   0.6   0.8   0.7   1.4   1.5   0.4   0.4  
          Pain Relievers 0.4   0.5   0.7   0.6   1.0   1.1   0.3   0.3  
          Tranquilizers 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.3   0.1   0.1  
          Stimulants 0.1   0.1   0.2   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.1   0.1  
          Sedatives 0.0   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.0  
ALCOHOL 3.5   3.3   2.1   2.2   7.2   7.2   3.0   2.7  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 4.9   4.7   4.3   4.1   11.0   11.5   3.9   3.5  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 0.6   0.6   0.8   0.8   1.7   1.6   0.4   0.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.15A Substance Dependence in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,852   4,718   8,355   7,974   11,794   11,326  
12 22   8   10   12   26   19  
13 40   31   28   34   63   58  
14 110 70   58   47   140   100  
15 133   126   99   115   194   204  
16 189   193   135   149   275   277  
17 243   250   206   192   378   379  
18 316   329   260   251   481   499  
19 234   285   281   309   444   534  
20 271   259   310   342   497   529  
21 293   223   413 315   604 470  
22 238   228   350   327   512   486  
23 154 230   262   319   364 473  
24 137   144   241   238   343   352  
25 143   200   195   248   301 392  
26-29 456   466   916   811   1,268   1,138  
30-34 505   373   762   830   1,136   1,078  
35-39 391   370   796   739   1,082   960  
40-44 423   390   1,020   806   1,334   1,100  
45-49 284   212   730   730   916   889  
50-54 189   235   485   413   600   560  
55-59 56   61   378   285   401   335  
60-64 11   24   102   170   113   194  
65 or Older 13   10   321   292   322   301  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.15B Substance Dependence in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.0   1.9   3.5   3.3   4.9   4.7  
12 0.5   0.2   0.2   0.3   0.6   0.5  
13 0.9   0.7   0.6   0.8   1.4   1.4  
14 2.5 1.6   1.3   1.1   3.2   2.3  
15 3.1   2.9   2.3   2.6   4.5   4.7  
16 4.6   4.5   3.3   3.5   6.7   6.4  
17 6.0   6.1   5.1   4.7   9.3   9.2  
18 6.9   7.2   5.6   5.5   10.5   10.9  
19 5.9   6.6   7.1   7.2   11.3   12.4  
20 6.8   6.3   7.8   8.3   12.5   12.9  
21 7.2   5.5   10.1 7.9   14.8 11.7  
22 5.9   5.6   8.7   8.1   12.7   12.0  
23 3.9 5.9   6.7   8.2   9.3 12.2  
24 3.4   3.9   6.0   6.4   8.5   9.5  
25 4.0   5.2   5.4   6.5   8.4   10.2  
26-29 3.0   3.0   6.0   5.2   8.3   7.3  
30-34 2.6   1.9   3.9   4.3   5.8   5.6  
35-39 1.9   1.9   3.8   3.7   5.2   4.8  
40-44 1.9   1.7   4.5   3.4   5.9   4.7  
45-49 1.3   1.0   3.4   3.3   4.3   4.1  
50-54 1.0   1.2   2.5   2.1   3.1   2.8  
55-59 0.3   0.4   2.3   1.7   2.4   2.0  
60-64 0.1   0.2   0.8   1.3   0.9   1.5  
65 or Older 0.0   0.0   0.9   0.8   0.9   0.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.16A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,852   4,718   8,355   7,974   11,794   11,326  
AGE            
     12-17 737   678   535   549   1,075   1,036  
     18-25 1,786   1,899   2,313   2,350   3,546   3,735  
     26 or Older 2,329   2,141   5,508   5,075   7,173   6,555  
GENDER            
     Male 2,895   2,728   5,395   4,968   7,422   6,893  
     Female 1,957   1,991   2,961   3,006   4,372   4,433  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,209   4,200   7,251   6,699   10,214   9,712  
          White 3,303   3,182   5,886   5,338   8,248   7,625  
          Black or African American 640   757   941   951   1,356   1,503  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 50   67   135   111   164   132  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   7   *   49   *   53  
          Asian 71   73   102   147   163   203  
          Two or More Races 130   114   140   103   223   195  
     Hispanic or Latino 643   519   1,105   1,274   1,580   1,614  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.16B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.0   1.9   3.5   3.3   4.9   4.7  
AGE            
     12-17 2.9   2.7   2.1   2.2   4.3   4.1  
     18-25 5.5   5.8   7.2   7.2   11.0   11.5  
     26 or Older 1.3   1.2   3.0   2.7   3.9   3.5  
GENDER            
     Male 2.5   2.3   4.6   4.2   6.4   5.8  
     Female 1.6   1.6   2.4   2.4   3.5   3.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.0   2.0   3.5   3.2   4.9   4.6  
          White 2.0   1.9   3.5   3.2   4.9   4.5  
          Black or African American 2.3   2.6   3.4   3.3   4.8   5.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 3.9   5.3   10.4   8.8   12.7   10.5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1.0   *   6.9   *   7.5  
          Asian 0.7   0.7   1.0   1.5   1.6   2.0  
          Two or More Races 5.1   4.4   5.5   4.0   8.7   7.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 2.1   1.6   3.6   4.0   5.1   5.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.17A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 737   678   535   549   1,075   1,036  
GENDER            
     Male 343   348   253   247   504   506  
     Female 395   331   282   302   572   531  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 574   571   419   442   839   861  
          White 473   464   334   391   686   720  
          Black or African American 65   76   50   31   98   96  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 7   7   14 4   15   10  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 4   6   *   8   8   13  
          Two or More Races 24   15   16   8   30   18  
     Hispanic or Latino 163 107   116   107   236   175  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 207   234   146   169   303   335  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 266   229   188   222   382   385  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 41   45   30   14   57   55  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 24   31   20   17   41   41  
     Male, Hispanic 79   54   63   51   119   91  
     Female, Hispanic 84   53   53   56   117   83  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.17B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.9   2.7   2.1   2.2   4.3   4.1  
GENDER            
     Male 2.7   2.7   2.0   1.9   3.9   3.9  
     Female 3.2   2.7   2.3   2.4   4.6   4.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2.7   2.7   2.0   2.1   4.0   4.1  
          White 3.0   3.0   2.2   2.5   4.4   4.7  
          Black or African American 1.7   2.0   1.3   0.8   2.6   2.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 4.5   4.2   8.2 2.7   9.4   6.3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 0.4   0.6   *   0.7   0.8   1.3  
          Two or More Races 5.4   3.8   3.6   1.9   6.9   4.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.9 2.4   2.7   2.4   5.6 4.0  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 2.6   3.0   1.8   2.2   3.8   4.3  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 3.5   3.0   2.5   2.9   5.0   5.1  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 2.1   2.3   1.5   0.7   2.9   2.8  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.3   1.6   1.1   0.9   2.2   2.1  
     Male, Hispanic 3.7   2.4   2.9   2.3   5.5   4.1  
     Female, Hispanic 4.1   2.5   2.6   2.6   5.7   3.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.18A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,786   1,899   2,313   2,350   3,546   3,735  
GENDER            
     Male 1,138   1,139   1,420   1,394   2,188   2,224  
     Female 649 760   893   955   1,358   1,511  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,532   1,664   1,945   1,945   3,014   3,145  
          White 1,225   1,357   1,638   1,608   2,482   2,569  
          Black or African American 229   231   177   205   354   386  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15   18   27   30   34   43  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   4   8   *   11   *  
          Asian 27   26   56   44   77   66  
          Two or More Races 33   29   40   40   57   61  
     Hispanic or Latino 254   235   367   405   531   590  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 471   515   459   470   780   858  
     High School Graduate 642   672   716   760   1,191   1,272  
     Some College 567   560   862   819   1,229   1,216  
     College Graduate 106   152   276   300   346   389  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 742   787   1,110   1,159   1,626   1,727  
     Part-Time 450   471   599   571   886   903  
     Unemployed 259   253   223   198   417   393  
     Other2 335   387   381   422   616   713  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.18B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.5   5.8   7.2   7.2   11.0   11.5  
GENDER            
     Male 7.0   7.0   8.8   8.5   13.5   13.6  
     Female 4.0   4.7   5.6   5.9   8.5   9.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.8   6.2   7.3   7.3   11.4   11.8  
          White 6.1   6.8   8.2   8.0   12.4   12.8  
          Black or African American 5.3   5.2   4.1   4.6   8.1   8.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8.7   8.4   15.5   13.6   19.8   20.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   2.6   6.8   *   9.2   *  
          Asian 1.8   1.7   3.7   2.9   5.0   4.4  
          Two or More Races 9.3   8.4   11.5   11.7   16.1   17.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 4.4   4.1   6.4   7.0   9.3   10.3  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 7.1   7.7   6.9   7.1   11.7   12.9  
     High School Graduate 5.8   6.0   6.5   6.8   10.8   11.3  
     Some College 5.5   5.4   8.4   7.8   11.9   11.6  
     College Graduate 2.6   3.7   6.6   7.3   8.3   9.4  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 4.9   5.1   7.3   7.6   10.8   11.3  
     Part-Time 5.6   5.7   7.4   6.9   10.9   11.0  
     Unemployed 10.1   9.8   8.7   7.7   16.2   15.2  
     Other2 5.2   6.1   6.0   6.7   9.6   11.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.19A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,329   2,141   5,508   5,075   7,173   6,555  
GENDER            
     Male 1,415   1,241   3,723   3,326   4,730   4,164  
     Female 914   900   1,786   1,748   2,443   2,392  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,103   1,965   4,887   4,312   6,360   5,706  
          White 1,605   1,362   3,915   3,339   5,081 4,336  
          Black or African American 346   450   714   714   904   1,022  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 28   *   95   77   115   79  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 40   42   41   95   78   123  
          Two or More Races 73   *   84   56   136   116  
     Hispanic or Latino 225   176   622   762   813   849  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 549   499   1,090   1,055   1,483   1,353  
     High School Graduate 724   808   1,700   1,475   2,243   2,053  
     Some College 656   487   1,435   1,354   1,863   1,701  
     College Graduate 401   347   1,284   1,191   1,583   1,448  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1,205   1,303   3,463   3,256   4,335   4,171  
     Part-Time 256   225   725   635   897   786  
     Unemployed 265   209   392   250   553   397  
     Other2 603 404   928   934   1,389   1,201  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.19B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.3   1.2   3.0   2.7   3.9   3.5  
GENDER            
     Male 1.6   1.4   4.3   3.8   5.4   4.7  
     Female 1.0   0.9   1.9   1.8   2.6   2.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.3   1.2   3.0   2.6   3.9   3.5  
          White 1.2   1.0   3.0   2.5   3.9 3.3  
          Black or African American 1.7   2.2   3.6   3.5   4.6   5.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.9   *   9.9   8.7   12.0   8.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 0.5   0.6   0.6   1.3   1.0   1.6  
          Two or More Races 4.2   *   4.8   3.0   7.7   6.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 1.1   0.8   2.9   3.5   3.9   3.9  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 1.8   1.7   3.7   3.6   5.0   4.7  
     High School Graduate 1.3   1.4   3.0   2.6   3.9   3.6  
     Some College 1.5   1.1   3.2   3.0   4.2   3.8  
     College Graduate 0.8   0.6   2.5   2.2   3.1   2.7  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1.2   1.2   3.3   3.1   4.2   4.0  
     Part-Time 1.3   1.1   3.7   3.2   4.6   3.9  
     Unemployed 5.5   4.2   8.2 5.0   11.5   7.9  
     Other2 1.1 0.7   1.7   1.7   2.5   2.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.20A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,115   4,040   7,821   7,424   10,719   10,290  
GENDER            
     Male 2,553   2,380   5,142   4,721   6,918   6,387  
     Female 1,562   1,660   2,679   2,704   3,801   3,903  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,635   3,628   6,832   6,257   9,375   8,851  
          White 2,830   2,718   5,553   4,947   7,563   6,905  
          Black or African American 576   681   892   920   1,258   1,408  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 43   60   122   106   149   122  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   4   *   48   *   50  
          Asian 67   67   97   140   154   189  
          Two or More Races 106   98   125   96   193   177  
     Hispanic or Latino 480   412   989   1,167   1,344   1,439  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 1,020   1,014   1,549   1,526   2,263   2,211  
     High School Graduate 1,366   1,480   2,416   2,235   3,434   3,325  
     Some College 1,223   1,047   2,297   2,173   3,092   2,917  
     College Graduate 507   499   1,560   1,491   1,930   1,837  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1,947   2,090   4,573   4,415   5,961   5,898  
     Part-Time 706   696   1,323   1,206   1,783   1,689  
     Unemployed 524   462   615   448   969   790  
     Other2 937   792   1,309   1,356   2,005   1,913  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.20B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.9   1.9   3.6   3.4   5.0   4.7  
GENDER            
     Male 2.5   2.3   5.0   4.5   6.7   6.1  
     Female 1.4   1.5   2.4   2.4   3.4   3.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.9   1.9   3.6   3.3   5.0   4.7  
          White 1.9   1.8   3.7   3.2   5.0   4.5  
          Black or African American 2.4   2.8   3.7   3.7   5.2   5.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 3.8   5.4   10.8   9.7   13.1   11.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   0.6   *   7.6   *   7.9  
          Asian 0.8   0.7   1.1   1.5   1.7   2.1  
          Two or More Races 5.0   4.4   5.9   4.3   9.1   8.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 1.8   1.5   3.7   4.2   5.0   5.2  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 2.8   2.8   4.2   4.3   6.2   6.2  
     High School Graduate 2.0   2.2   3.5   3.3   5.0   4.9  
     Some College 2.2   1.9   4.2   3.9   5.6   5.3  
     College Graduate 0.9   0.9   2.8   2.6   3.4   3.1  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 1.6   1.7   3.8   3.7   5.0   4.9  
     Part-Time 2.6   2.5   4.8   4.2   6.5   6.0  
     Unemployed 7.1   6.1   8.3 5.9   13.1 10.4  
     Other2 1.5   1.3   2.1   2.2   3.3   3.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.21A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,852   4,718   8,355   7,974   11,794   11,326  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 850   945   1,385   1,356   2,015   2,047  
          New England 234   339   452   427   617   707  
          Middle Atlantic 616   605   932   930   1,398   1,340  
     Midwest 986   961   2,128   1,833   2,770   2,475  
          East North Central 767   706   1,469   1,254   1,975   1,739  
          West North Central 219   254   659   579   796   736  
     South 1,717   1,655   2,703   2,693   3,951   3,859  
          South Atlantic 844   891   1,472   1,457   2,056   2,097  
          East South Central 343   282   449   384   685   603  
          West South Central 531   483   782   852   1,210   1,159  
     West 1,299   1,158   2,140   2,092   3,058   2,945  
          Mountain 317   379   686   716   895   983  
          Pacific 982   779   1,454   1,376   2,163   1,962  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 2,465   2,532   4,389   4,022   6,207   5,867  
     Small Metro 1,624   1,593   2,721   2,671   3,774   3,811  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,057   1,123   1,796   1,764   2,492   2,581  
          < 250K Pop. 567   471   925   907   1,282   1,230  
     Nonmetro 764   593   1,245   1,281   1,813   1,649  
          Urbanized 423 256   569   467   910 624  
          Less Urbanized 309   273   587   619   789   783  
          Completely Rural 33   64   89   195   115   243  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.21B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.0   1.9   3.5   3.3   4.9   4.7  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1.9   2.1   3.0   3.0   4.4   4.5  
          New England 2.0   2.8   3.8   3.6   5.2   5.9  
          Middle Atlantic 1.8   1.8   2.8   2.8   4.2   4.0  
     Midwest 1.8   1.8   3.9   3.4   5.1   4.5  
          East North Central 2.0   1.9   3.9   3.3   5.2   4.6  
          West North Central 1.3   1.5   4.0   3.5   4.9   4.5  
     South 2.0   1.9   3.1   3.1   4.6   4.4  
          South Atlantic 1.9   1.9   3.3   3.2   4.5   4.5  
          East South Central 2.4   1.9   3.1   2.6   4.8   4.1  
          West South Central 2.0   1.8   2.9   3.2   4.6   4.3  
     West 2.4   2.1   3.9   3.8   5.6   5.3  
          Mountain 2.0   2.3   4.3   4.4   5.6   6.0  
          Pacific 2.5   2.0   3.8   3.5   5.6   5.0  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1.9   1.9   3.4   3.1   4.8   4.5  
     Small Metro 2.3   2.2   3.8   3.7   5.3   5.3  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.2   2.4   3.8   3.7   5.3   5.4  
          < 250K Pop. 2.3   2.0   3.8   3.8   5.2   5.1  
     Nonmetro 1.9   1.5   3.1   3.2   4.5   4.1  
          Urbanized 2.5 1.7   3.4   3.0   5.4 4.1  
          Less Urbanized 1.5   1.3   2.9   3.0   3.9   3.8  
          Completely Rural 0.9   1.3   2.5   4.1   3.2   5.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.22A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 737   678   535   549   1,075   1,036  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 145   136   84   80   190   181  
          New England 36   42   17   14   47   49  
          Middle Atlantic 109   94   67   66   144   132  
     Midwest 140   126   131   133   230   215  
          East North Central 108   88   86   89   162   146  
          West North Central 32   38   45   43   67   69  
     South 229   223   157   185   336   352  
          South Atlantic 104   99   76   91   155   163  
          East South Central 41   47   31   43   61   77  
          West South Central 84   77   50   50   120   112  
     West 223   193   162   152   319   289  
          Mountain 62   69   49   57   97   102  
          Pacific 160   124   113   95   222   186  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 390   339   246   262   538   509  
     Small Metro 217   231   171   172   331   329  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 152   165   105   134   218   239  
          < 250K Pop. 65   66   67 38   113   90  
     Nonmetro 131   109   117   115   206   198  
          Urbanized 63 40   46   34   91   62  
          Less Urbanized 63   58   62   57   104   103  
          Completely Rural 4   12   9   23   12 32  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.22B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2.9   2.7   2.1   2.2   4.3   4.1  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 3.2   3.0   1.9   1.8   4.2   4.0  
          New England 3.0   3.6   1.5   1.2   4.0   4.2  
          Middle Atlantic 3.3   2.8   2.0   2.0   4.3   3.9  
     Midwest 2.5   2.2   2.3   2.3   4.0   3.8  
          East North Central 2.7   2.2   2.2   2.2   4.1   3.6  
          West North Central 1.9   2.3   2.7   2.6   4.0   4.2  
     South 2.5   2.5   1.7   2.0   3.7   3.9  
          South Atlantic 2.3   2.1   1.7   2.0   3.4   3.5  
          East South Central 2.8   3.3   2.1   3.0   4.2   5.3  
          West South Central 2.8   2.6   1.7   1.7   4.0   3.8  
     West 3.7   3.2   2.7   2.5   5.3   4.7  
          Mountain 3.6   3.9   2.8   3.3   5.6   5.8  
          Pacific 3.8   2.9   2.7   2.2   5.2   4.3  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 2.9   2.5   1.8   1.9   4.0   3.7  
     Small Metro 2.8   3.1   2.2   2.3   4.3   4.4  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.0   3.2   2.0   2.6   4.3   4.7  
          < 250K Pop. 2.6   2.8   2.6   1.6   4.4   3.8  
     Nonmetro 3.1   2.6   2.8   2.7   4.9   4.7  
          Urbanized 3.7   2.5   2.7   2.2   5.3   3.9  
          Less Urbanized 2.9   2.7   2.9   2.7   4.9   4.8  
          Completely Rural 1.1   2.3   2.4   4.7   3.1   6.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.23A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,786   1,899   2,313   2,350   3,546   3,735  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 327 413   444   391   675   702  
          New England 105   143   142   130   209   238  
          Middle Atlantic 222   270   302   261   466   464  
     Midwest 384   381   605   599   857   871  
          East North Central 269   283   410   392   590   603  
          West North Central 115   98   195   207   267   268  
     South 604   629   684   743   1,113   1,202  
          South Atlantic 282   319   352   367   543   595  
          East South Central 104   111   99   100   175   194  
          West South Central 218   200   233   277   395   413  
     West 471   475   579   616   901   959  
          Mountain 111   152   209   185   281   285  
          Pacific 360   323   370   431   619   674  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 912   1,045   1,149   1,270   1,804 2,036  
     Small Metro 636   613   826   747   1,240   1,211  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 426   425   532   486   800   814  
          < 250K Pop. 209   187   294   261   440   397  
     Nonmetro 239   241   337   333   501   488  
          Urbanized 111   142   165   168   244   258  
          Less Urbanized 113   89   161   139   231   195  
          Completely Rural 15   10   12 27   26   35  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.23B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.5   5.8   7.2   7.2   11.0   11.5  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 5.8 7.2   7.8   6.9   11.9   12.3  
          New England 7.0   9.6   9.6   8.7   14.0   15.9  
          Middle Atlantic 5.3   6.4   7.2   6.2   11.1   11.0  
     Midwest 5.2   5.1   8.1   8.0   11.5   11.7  
          East North Central 5.2   5.5   8.0   7.6   11.5   11.8  
          West North Central 5.0   4.2   8.4   8.9   11.5   11.5  
     South 5.2   5.4   5.9   6.3   9.6   10.3  
          South Atlantic 4.9   5.5   6.2   6.3   9.5   10.2  
          East South Central 5.4   5.7   5.1   5.1   8.9   10.0  
          West South Central 5.6   5.1   6.0   7.1   10.2   10.5  
     West 6.3   6.2   7.7   8.1   12.0   12.6  
          Mountain 4.9   6.5   9.2   7.9   12.3   12.1  
          Pacific 6.9   6.1   7.1   8.2   11.8   12.8  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 5.5   6.1   6.9   7.4   10.8   11.8  
     Small Metro 6.0   5.9   7.8   7.2   11.7   11.7  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 6.2   6.3   7.7   7.2   11.6   12.0  
          < 250K Pop. 5.6   5.3   7.9   7.4   11.9   11.2  
     Nonmetro 4.8   4.9   6.8   6.7   10.1   9.9  
          Urbanized 4.8   6.7   7.2   8.0   10.6   12.3  
          Less Urbanized 4.9   3.8   6.9   5.9   10.0   8.3  
          Completely Rural 4.5   2.1   3.5   5.4   8.0   7.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.24A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,329   2,141   5,508   5,075   7,173   6,555  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 378   396   856   885   1,150   1,164  
          New England 93   154   292   282   361   420  
          Middle Atlantic 285   242   564   603   789   744  
     Midwest 462   453   1,392   1,101   1,683   1,389  
          East North Central 390   335   973   773   1,222   990  
          West North Central 71   119   419   328   461   399  
     South 884   803   1,862   1,765   2,502   2,305  
          South Atlantic 458   473   1,044   1,000   1,358   1,339  
          East South Central 197   124   319   241   449   332  
          West South Central 228   206   499   525   696   634  
     West 606   489   1,398   1,323   1,837   1,697  
          Mountain 144   158   427   474   516   596  
          Pacific 462   331   971   850   1,321   1,102  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1,163   1,148   2,994   2,490   3,865   3,322  
     Small Metro 771   750   1,724   1,752   2,203   2,270  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 478   532   1,160   1,144   1,474   1,527  
          < 250K Pop. 293   218   564   608   728   743  
     Nonmetro 394   243   791   833   1,106   963  
          Urbanized 248 75   357   265   576 303  
          Less Urbanized 132   126   364   423   453   485  
          Completely Rural 14   42   69   145   77   175  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.24B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.3   1.2   3.0   2.7   3.9   3.5  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1.1   1.1   2.4   2.5   3.3   3.3  
          New England 1.0   1.7   3.1   3.0   3.9   4.5  
          Middle Atlantic 1.1   0.9   2.2   2.3   3.0   2.9  
     Midwest 1.1   1.1   3.4   2.7   4.1   3.4  
          East North Central 1.4   1.2   3.4   2.7   4.2   3.4  
          West North Central 0.6   1.0   3.4   2.6   3.8   3.2  
     South 1.3   1.2   2.8   2.6   3.8   3.4  
          South Atlantic 1.3   1.3   3.0   2.8   3.9   3.8  
          East South Central 1.8   1.1   2.9   2.2   4.1   3.0  
          West South Central 1.2   1.0   2.5   2.6   3.5   3.2  
     West 1.5   1.2   3.4   3.2   4.5   4.1  
          Mountain 1.2   1.3   3.6   3.8   4.3   4.8  
          Pacific 1.6   1.1   3.3   2.9   4.5   3.7  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1.2   1.1   3.0   2.5   3.9   3.3  
     Small Metro 1.4   1.4   3.2   3.3   4.1   4.2  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.4   1.5   3.3   3.2   4.2   4.3  
          < 250K Pop. 1.6   1.2   3.1   3.4   4.0   4.1  
     Nonmetro 1.3   0.8   2.5   2.7   3.5   3.1  
          Urbanized 2.0 0.6   2.8   2.3   4.5 2.6  
          Less Urbanized 0.8   0.8   2.3   2.7   2.9   3.0  
          Completely Rural 0.5   1.1   2.4   3.8   2.7   4.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.25A Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,115   4,040   7,821   7,424   10,719   10,290  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 705   809   1,301   1,276   1,825   1,866  
          New England 198   297   435   413   570   658  
          Middle Atlantic 507   512   866   864   1,255   1,208  
     Midwest 845   834   1,997   1,700   2,540   2,260  
          East North Central 659   618   1,383   1,165   1,812   1,593  
          West North Central 186   216   614   535   728   667  
     South 1,488   1,432   2,546   2,509   3,615   3,507  
          South Atlantic 740   792   1,396   1,366   1,901   1,934  
          East South Central 301   235   418   341   624   526  
          West South Central 447   405   732   802   1,091   1,047  
     West 1,077   965   1,978   1,939   2,738   2,657  
          Mountain 255   310   637   659   798   881  
          Pacific 822   655   1,341   1,281   1,940   1,776  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 2,075   2,194   4,143   3,760   5,669   5,358  
     Small Metro 1,407   1,362   2,550   2,498   3,443   3,481  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 905   957   1,692   1,630   2,275   2,342  
          < 250K Pop. 502   405   858   869   1,169   1,139  
     Nonmetro 633   484   1,128   1,166   1,607   1,451  
          Urbanized 359 216   523   433   819 561  
          Less Urbanized 246   215   525   562   685   680  
          Completely Rural 28   53   80   172   103   210  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60627

Table  5.25B Substance Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.9   1.9   3.6   3.4   5.0   4.7  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1.7   2.0   3.2   3.1   4.5   4.5  
          New England 1.8   2.8   4.0   3.8   5.3   6.1  
          Middle Atlantic 1.7   1.7   2.9   2.9   4.2   4.0  
     Midwest 1.7   1.7   4.1   3.5   5.2   4.6  
          East North Central 1.9   1.8   4.1   3.4   5.3   4.7  
          West North Central 1.3   1.5   4.2   3.6   5.0   4.5  
     South 1.9   1.8   3.3   3.2   4.7   4.5  
          South Atlantic 1.8   1.9   3.4   3.3   4.7   4.7  
          East South Central 2.3   1.8   3.2   2.6   4.8   4.0  
          West South Central 1.9   1.7   3.1   3.3   4.6   4.4  
     West 2.2   2.0   4.1   3.9   5.6   5.4  
          Mountain 1.8   2.1   4.5   4.5   5.6   6.0  
          Pacific 2.4   1.9   3.9   3.7   5.6   5.1  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 1.8   1.9   3.6   3.2   4.9   4.6  
     Small Metro 2.2   2.1   4.0   3.9   5.4   5.4  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.2   2.2   4.0   3.8   5.4   5.5  
          < 250K Pop. 2.3   1.9   3.9   4.0   5.3   5.3  
     Nonmetro 1.7   1.3   3.1   3.2   4.4   4.0  
          Urbanized 2.4   1.6   3.5   3.1   5.5 4.1  
          Less Urbanized 1.4   1.2   2.9   3.1   3.8   3.7  
          Completely Rural 0.9   1.2   2.5   4.0   3.2   4.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.26A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,192   2,172   2,658   2,843   1,467   1,522   3,791   3,930  
12 2   4   4   2   2   2   6   7  
13 8   12   7   9   4   8   15   19  
14 31   20   17   21   15   16   46   35  
15 64   42   45   34   37   24   89   62  
16 79   72   75   61   60   50   114   95  
17 90   102   88   87   62   67   136   131  
18 106   107   73   76   45   57   142   160  
19 61   67   60   73   36   33   87   121  
20 50   69   67   86   30   44   104   127  
21 78   57   93   77   48   33   140   117  
22 65   68   78   81   43   47   112   119  
23 68   69   83   64   50   32   105   110  
24 71   74   69   81   36   39   110   124  
25 43   54   53   56   29   33   74   84  
26-29 211 102   241   161   123   82   355   227  
30-34 168   195   225   317   96   159   324   408  
35-39 220   284   374   358   181   211   440   453  
40-44 335   362   369   386   246   285   489   476  
45-49 259   259   307   343   197   203   372   456  
50-54 90   73   194   161   77   45   248   221  
55-59 36   43   97   105   36   13   135   172  
60-64 54   39   41   77   14   39   109   81  
65 or Older *   *   *   128   *   *   39   129  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.26B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
12 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.2  
13 0.2   0.3   0.2   0.2   0.1   0.2   0.3   0.4  
14 0.7   0.5   0.4   0.5   0.3   0.4   1.1   0.8  
15 1.5   1.0   1.1   0.8   0.9   0.5   2.1   1.4  
16 1.9   1.7   1.8   1.4   1.5   1.2   2.8   2.2  
17 2.2   2.5   2.2   2.1   1.5   1.6   3.3   3.2  
18 2.3   2.3   1.6   1.7   1.0   1.2   3.1   3.5  
19 1.5   1.5   1.5   1.7   0.9   0.8   2.2   2.8  
20 1.3   1.7   1.7   2.1   0.7   1.1   2.6   3.1  
21 1.9   1.4   2.3   1.9   1.2   0.8   3.4   2.9  
22 1.6   1.7   1.9   2.0   1.1   1.2   2.8   2.9  
23 1.7   1.8   2.1   1.7   1.3   0.8   2.7   2.8  
24 1.8   2.0   1.7   2.2   0.9   1.1   2.7   3.3  
25 1.2   1.4   1.5   1.4   0.8   0.8   2.1   2.2  
26-29 1.4 0.7   1.6   1.0   0.8   0.5   2.3   1.5  
30-34 0.9   1.0   1.1   1.6   0.5   0.8   1.6   2.1  
35-39 1.0   1.4   1.8   1.8   0.9   1.1   2.1   2.3  
40-44 1.5   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.1   1.2   2.2   2.0  
45-49 1.2   1.2   1.4   1.6   0.9   0.9   1.7   2.1  
50-54 0.5   0.4   1.0   0.8   0.4   0.2   1.3   1.1  
55-59 0.2   0.2   0.6   0.6   0.2   0.1   0.8   1.0  
60-64 0.4   0.3   0.3   0.6   0.1   0.3   0.9   0.6  
65 or Older *   *   *   0.4   *   *   0.1   0.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.27A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,192   2,172   2,658   2,843   1,467   1,522   3,791   3,930  
AGE                
     12-17 276   252   236   215   180   167   406   348  
     18-25 543   564   575   592   317   317   874   962  
     26 or Older 1,373   1,357   1,848   2,036   970   1,038   2,511   2,620  
GENDER                
     Male 1,403   1,365   1,927   1,899   992   983   2,640   2,516  
     Female 789   807   731   944   476   539   1,151   1,414  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,930   1,831   2,276   2,370   1,277   1,260   3,279   3,284  
          White 1,264   1,258   1,652   1,782   798   845   2,299   2,438  
          Black or African American 465   498   461   516   366   378   724   726  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 30   17   54   38   24   14   59   45  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   7   *   2   *   2   *   8  
          Asian 77   25   42   17   27   8   95   38  
          Two or More Races 76 25   48 14   43 12   82 29  
     Hispanic or Latino 262   341   382   474   191   262   511   646  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.27B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
AGE                
     12-17 1.1   1.0   0.9   0.8   0.7   0.7   1.6   1.4  
     18-25 1.7   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.0   1.0   2.7   3.0  
     26 or Older 0.8   0.7   1.0   1.1   0.5   0.6   1.4   1.4  
GENDER                
     Male 1.2   1.2   1.7   1.6   0.9   0.8   2.3   2.1  
     Female 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.8   0.4   0.4   0.9   1.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.1   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
          White 0.8   0.7   1.0   1.1   0.5   0.5   1.4   1.5  
          Black or African American 1.7   1.7   1.6   1.8   1.3   1.3   2.6   2.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2.3   1.4   4.1   3.0   1.8   1.1   4.6   3.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1.0   *   0.3   *   0.3   *   1.1  
          Asian 0.8   0.3   0.4   0.2   0.3   0.1   1.0   0.4  
          Two or More Races 3.0 1.0   1.9 0.5   1.7 0.5   3.2 1.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.8   1.1   1.2   1.5   0.6   0.8   1.6   2.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.28A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 276   252   236   215   180   167   406   348  
GENDER                
     Male 155   142   126   112   99   92   227   184  
     Female 120   110   110   103   81   75   179   164  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 241   213   209   188   159   144   347   290  
          White 198   178   173   159   127   118   283   240  
          Black or African American 19   27   19   22   17   20   35   39  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 8   3   3   3   2   2   8   3  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 0   2   2   2   0   2   4   2  
          Two or More Races 17   4   12   2   12   2   17   4  
     Hispanic or Latino 35   38   27   27   21   23   59   58  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 103   106   79   84   57   68   152   126  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 94   72   94   74   70   49   131   115  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 12   12   12   9   12   7   23   21  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 7   15   7   13   6   13   12   18  
     Male, Hispanic 24   22   19   18   18   15   33   34  
     Female, Hispanic 10   17   7   9   4   8   26   24  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.28B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.1   1.0   0.9   0.8   0.7   0.7   1.6   1.4  
GENDER                
     Male 1.2   1.1   1.0   0.9   0.8   0.7   1.8   1.4  
     Female 1.0   0.9   0.9   0.8   0.7   0.6   1.4   1.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.1   1.0   1.0   0.9   0.8   0.7   1.7   1.4  
          White 1.3   1.2   1.1   1.0   0.8   0.8   1.8   1.6  
          Black or African American 0.5   0.7   0.5   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.9   1.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 4.7   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.5   1.3   4.9   2.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 0.0   0.2   0.2   0.2   0.0   0.2   0.4   0.2  
          Two or More Races 3.8   0.9   2.8   0.5   2.8   0.5   4.0   0.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.8   0.9   0.6   0.6   0.5   0.5   1.4   1.3  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 1.3   1.3   1.0   1.1   0.7   0.9   1.9   1.6  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 1.2   1.0   1.2   1.0   0.9   0.7   1.7   1.5  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.5   0.6   0.4   1.2   1.1  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.4   0.8   0.4   0.7   0.3   0.7   0.6   0.9  
     Male, Hispanic 1.1   1.0   0.9   0.8   0.8   0.7   1.5   1.5  
     Female, Hispanic 0.5   0.8   0.4   0.4   0.2   0.4   1.3   1.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.29A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 543   564   575   592   317   317   874   962  
GENDER                
     Male 356   355   415   417   219   217   599   632  
     Female 187   209   160   175   98   101   275   329  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 479   493   480   500   276   274   735   802  
          White 398   411   422   414   235   215   623   667  
          Black or African American 59   58   40   65   33   48   79   96  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   9   7   7   *   6   7   10  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   0   *   *   0   *  
          Asian 11   2   5   11   1   1   15   14  
          Two or More Races 7   8   6   3   3   3   10   9  
     Hispanic or Latino 64   71   95   92   41   44   139   160  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 223   190   198   195   133   116   315   325  
     High School Graduate 206   230   204   211   104   116   327   371  
     Some College 94   124   150   155   67   72   202   225  
     College Graduate 20   20   22   32   13   14   30   41  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 254   241   279   270   153   135   414   423  
     Part-Time 106   114   120   141   57   72   190   210  
     Unemployed 63 111   56   94   30 62   93 160  
     Other3 120   98   120   88   77   48   177   168  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.29B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.7   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.0   1.0   2.7   3.0  
GENDER                
     Male 2.2   2.2   2.6   2.6   1.4   1.3   3.7   3.9  
     Female 1.2   1.3   1.0   1.1   0.6   0.6   1.7   2.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.8   1.8   1.8   1.9   1.0   1.0   2.8   3.0  
          White 2.0   2.0   2.1   2.1   1.2   1.1   3.1   3.3  
          Black or African American 1.4   1.3   0.9   1.5   0.8   1.1   1.8   2.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   4.0   4.1   3.3   *   3.0   4.4   4.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   0.1   *   *   0.1   *  
          Asian 0.7   0.1   0.3   0.7   0.0   0.1   1.0   0.9  
          Two or More Races 2.0   2.2   1.6   0.9   1.0   0.8   2.7   2.5  
     Hispanic or Latino 1.1   1.2   1.7   1.6   0.7   0.8   2.4   2.8  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 3.3   2.9   3.0   2.9   2.0   1.7   4.7   4.9  
     High School Graduate 1.9   2.1   1.8   1.9   0.9   1.0   3.0   3.3  
     Some College 0.9   1.2   1.5   1.5   0.7   0.7   2.0   2.2  
     College Graduate 0.5   0.5   0.5   0.8   0.3   0.3   0.7   1.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 1.7   1.6   1.8   1.8   1.0   0.9   2.7   2.8  
     Part-Time 1.3   1.4   1.5   1.7   0.7   0.9   2.3   2.6  
     Unemployed 2.4 4.3   2.2 3.6   1.2 2.4   3.6 6.2  
     Other3 1.9   1.5   1.9   1.4   1.2   0.8   2.8   2.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.30A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,373   1,357   1,848   2,036   970   1,038   2,511   2,620  
GENDER                
     Male 892   868   1,387   1,370   673   674   1,814   1,700  
     Female 481   488   461   666   297   363   697   921  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,210   1,125   1,587   1,681   841   842   2,197   2,193  
          White 669   670   1,057   1,209   436   512   1,393   1,530  
          Black or African American 387   413   402   429   315   310   611   591  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   6   44   28   *   6   44   32  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 66   22   35   5   *   5   75   22  
          Two or More Races 52   14   30   9   27   7   55   16  
     Hispanic or Latino 163   231   261   355   128   195   313   428  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 360   401   509   454   244   291   710   639  
     High School Graduate 555   415   648   682   383   335   914   846  
     Some College 327   418   434   575   238   340   581   721  
     College Graduate 131   121   257   325   104   71   305   415  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 622   633   1,064   926   469   460   1,351   1,234  
     Part-Time 205   157   212   194   140   106   294   280  
     Unemployed 164   142   140   189   75   111   239   246  
     Other3 382   425   431 728   286   361   625   861  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.30B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.8   0.7   1.0   1.1   0.5   0.6   1.4   1.4  
GENDER                
     Male 1.0   1.0   1.6   1.5   0.8   0.8   2.1   1.9  
     Female 0.5   0.5   0.5   0.7   0.3   0.4   0.7   1.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7   0.7   1.0   1.0   0.5   0.5   1.4   1.3  
          White 0.5   0.5   0.8   0.9   0.3   0.4   1.1   1.2  
          Black or African American 1.9   2.0   2.0   2.1   1.6   1.5   3.1   2.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   0.7   4.5   3.2   *   0.7   4.5   3.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 0.9   0.3   0.5   0.1   *   0.1   1.0   0.3  
          Two or More Races 2.9   0.7   1.7   0.5   1.5   0.4   3.1   0.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.8   1.1   1.2   1.6   0.6   0.9   1.5   1.9  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 1.2   1.4   1.7   1.6   0.8   1.0   2.4   2.2  
     High School Graduate 1.0   0.7   1.1   1.2   0.7   0.6   1.6   1.5  
     Some College 0.7   0.9   1.0   1.3   0.5   0.8   1.3   1.6  
     College Graduate 0.3   0.2   0.5   0.6   0.2   0.1   0.6   0.8  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 0.6   0.6   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.4   1.3   1.2  
     Part-Time 1.1   0.8   1.1   1.0   0.7   0.5   1.5   1.4  
     Unemployed 3.4   2.8   2.9   3.7   1.6   2.2   5.0   4.9  
     Other3 0.7   0.8   0.8 1.3   0.5   0.7   1.1   1.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.31A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,916   1,920   2,423   2,628   1,287   1,355   3,385   3,582  
GENDER                
     Male 1,247   1,223   1,802   1,787   892   891   2,413   2,332  
     Female 669   697   621   841   394   464   972   1,250  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,689   1,618   2,067   2,181   1,118   1,116   2,932   2,994  
          White 1,066   1,081   1,479   1,623   671   727   2,016   2,197  
          Black or African American 446   471   442   494   349   359   690   687  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 22   14   51   35   *   12   51   42  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   7   *   1   *   1   *   7  
          Asian 77   24   40   16   27   6   90   36  
          Two or More Races 59   21   36 12   30   10   65   25  
     Hispanic or Latino 227   303   356   447   169   239   453   588  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 583   592   707   649   377   407   1,025   964  
     High School Graduate 761   646   852   893   487   451   1,241   1,216  
     Some College 421   542   585   730   306   413   783   946  
     College Graduate 151   141   280   357   117   84   335   456  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 876   874   1,343   1,196   622   595   1,766   1,657  
     Part-Time 311   271   332   334   197   178   484   490  
     Unemployed 228   253   197   282   105   174   332   406  
     Other3 502   522   551   816   363   408   803   1,029  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.31B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
GENDER                
     Male 1.2   1.2   1.7   1.7   0.9   0.8   2.3   2.2  
     Female 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.4   0.4   0.9   1.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.1   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
          White 0.7   0.7   1.0   1.1   0.4   0.5   1.3   1.4  
          Black or African American 1.8   1.9   1.8   2.0   1.4   1.4   2.8   2.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.9   1.3   4.5   3.2   *   1.1   4.5   3.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1.0   *   0.2   *   0.2   *   1.1  
          Asian 0.9   0.3   0.4   0.2   0.3   0.1   1.0   0.4  
          Two or More Races 2.8   1.0   1.7 0.5   1.4   0.5   3.1   1.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.8   1.1   1.3   1.6   0.6   0.9   1.7   2.1  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 1.6   1.7   1.9   1.8   1.0   1.1   2.8   2.7  
     High School Graduate 1.1   0.9   1.3   1.3   0.7   0.7   1.8   1.8  
     Some College 0.8   1.0   1.1   1.3   0.6   0.7   1.4   1.7  
     College Graduate 0.3   0.2   0.5   0.6   0.2   0.1   0.6   0.8  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 0.7   0.7   1.1   1.0   0.5   0.5   1.5   1.4  
     Part-Time 1.1   1.0   1.2   1.2   0.7   0.6   1.8   1.7  
     Unemployed 3.1   3.3   2.7   3.7   1.4   2.3   4.5   5.3  
     Other3 0.8   0.9   0.9   1.3   0.6   0.7   1.3   1.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.32A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,192   2,172   2,658   2,843   1,467   1,522   3,791   3,930  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
     Northeast 470   448   463   604   315   363   685   746  
          New England 130   80   114   129   83   54   187   177  
          Middle Atlantic 339   369   349   476   231   310   498   569  
     Midwest 422   403   609   660   262   303   920   858  
          East North Central 273   231   427   421   181   167   654   554  
          West North Central 150   173   182   240   81   137   265   304  
     South 861   733   936   831   605   467   1,336   1,256  
          South Atlantic 498   452   572   496   358   287   793   773  
          East South Central 107   90   89   96   55   62   181   137  
          West South Central 256   190   275   239   192   118   362   346  
     West 439   588   650   748   285   388   850   1,070  
          Mountain 145   235   191   250   83   137   275   379  
          Pacific 294   352   459   497   202   252   576   690  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 1,171   1,217   1,400   1,559   781   856   2,021   2,139  
     Small Metro 678   594   812   793   457   387   1,147   1,158  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 475   426   530   509   312   270   766   796  
          < 250K Pop. 203   168   283   284   145   117   381   361  
     Nonmetro 343   360   446   491   230   279   623   633  
          Urbanized 168   183   206   203   111   141   277   257  
          Less Urbanized 169   149   207   259   115   119   307   331  
          Completely Rural 7   29   34   29   4   19   39   45  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.32B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.6   1.6   1.6  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
     Northeast 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.3   0.7   0.8   1.5   1.6  
          New England 1.1   0.7   1.0   1.1   0.7   0.4   1.6   1.5  
          Middle Atlantic 1.0   1.1   1.0   1.4   0.7   0.9   1.5   1.7  
     Midwest 0.8   0.7   1.1   1.2   0.5   0.6   1.7   1.6  
          East North Central 0.7   0.6   1.1   1.1   0.5   0.4   1.7   1.5  
          West North Central 0.9   1.1   1.1   1.5   0.5   0.8   1.6   1.9  
     South 1.0   0.8   1.1   0.9   0.7   0.5   1.6   1.4  
          South Atlantic 1.1   1.0   1.3   1.1   0.8   0.6   1.8   1.7  
          East South Central 0.7   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.4   0.4   1.3   0.9  
          West South Central 1.0   0.7   1.0   0.9   0.7   0.4   1.4   1.3  
     West 0.8   1.1   1.2   1.3   0.5   0.7   1.6   1.9  
          Mountain 0.9   1.4   1.2   1.5   0.5   0.8   1.7   2.3  
          Pacific 0.8   0.9   1.2   1.3   0.5   0.6   1.5   1.8  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.7   1.6   1.6  
     Small Metro 0.9   0.8   1.1   1.1   0.6   0.5   1.6   1.6  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.0   0.9   1.1   1.1   0.7   0.6   1.6   1.7  
          < 250K Pop. 0.8   0.7   1.2   1.2   0.6   0.5   1.6   1.5  
     Nonmetro 0.8   0.9   1.1   1.2   0.6   0.7   1.5   1.6  
          Urbanized 1.0   1.2   1.2   1.3   0.7   0.9   1.7   1.7  
          Less Urbanized 0.8   0.7   1.0   1.3   0.6   0.6   1.5   1.6  
          Completely Rural 0.2   0.6   1.0   0.6   0.1   0.4   1.1   0.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.33A Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Marijuana 1,017   1,062   219   185   346   332   451   546  
Cocaine 884   797   41   32   161   140   683   624  
Heroin 283   326   10   10   60   87   213   228  
Hallucinogens 348   358   35   39   116   90   197   229  
Inhalants 213   167   29   25   62   48   122   94  
Pain Relievers 424   466   60   47   140   137   224   282  
Tranquilizers 276   278   29   23   77   79   170   176  
Stimulants 393   351   36   23   116   98   241   230  
Sedatives 117   98   13   6   19   22   85   70  
Alcohol 2,413   2,463   197   171   493   531   1,723   1,761  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.33B Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Marijuana 26.8   27.0   54.0   53.1   39.6   34.5   18.0   20.8  
Cocaine 23.3   20.3   10.1   9.3   18.4   14.6   27.2   23.8  
Heroin 7.5   8.3   2.5   3.0   6.9   9.1   8.5   8.7  
Hallucinogens 9.2   9.1   8.6   11.1   13.2   9.4   7.9   8.7  
Inhalants 5.6   4.2   7.0   7.2   7.1   5.0   4.8   3.6  
Pain Relievers 11.2   11.9   14.7   13.6   16.0   14.2   8.9   10.8  
Tranquilizers 7.3   7.1   7.2   6.6   8.9   8.2   6.8   6.7  
Stimulants 10.4   8.9   8.8   6.6   13.2   10.2   9.6   8.8  
Sedatives 3.1   2.5   3.3   1.9   2.1   2.3   3.4   2.7  
Alcohol 63.6   62.7   48.5   49.1   56.4   55.2   68.6   67.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.34A Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 625   502   104   89   141   176   380   237  
Medicare 348   333   72   54   56 103   219   176  
Medicaid 420   344   61   56   71   90   287   198  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 369   370   36   25   87   102   246   243  
Own Savings or Earnings 750   774   41   41   208   222   501   511  
Family Members 429   486   110   93   164   190   155   203  
Courts 332   234   53   44   60   61   219   130  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
57   67   8   4   6   15   44   48  
Employer 132   101   4   6   18   14   110   82  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.34B Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 28.5   23.1   37.7   35.5   26.1   31.2   27.7   17.5  
Medicare 15.9   15.3   26.3   21.4   10.3 18.3   16.0   13.0  
Medicaid 19.1   15.8   22.2   22.2   13.1   15.9   20.9   14.6  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 16.8   17.0   12.9   9.8   16.0   18.0   17.9   17.9  
Own Savings or Earnings 34.2   35.6   14.7   16.5   38.3   39.3   36.5   37.6  
Family Members 19.6   22.4   39.8   36.8   30.3   33.8   11.3   15.0  
Courts 15.2   10.8   19.4   17.4   11.0   10.8   16.0   9.6  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
2.6   3.1   2.8   1.7   1.1   2.6   3.2   3.5  
Employer 6.0   4.7   1.4   2.2   3.4   2.4   8.0   6.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.35A Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 669   736   82   76   117   137   470   523  
Medicare 323   372   54   50   53   67   216   255  
Medicaid 383   454   51   51   62   69   270   333  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 343   481   32   26   70   69   241   385  
Own Savings or Earnings 1,246   1,206   54   31   271   291   922   884  
Family Members 405   476   87   67   121   144   197   264  
Courts 250   189   46   40   33   52   171   97  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
74   138   5   3   7   13   62   121  
Employer 155   115   5   3   24   16   126   96  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.35B Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 25.2   25.9   34.9   35.5   20.4   23.1   25.4   25.7  
Medicare 12.1   13.1   22.8   23.4   9.3   11.3   11.7   12.5  
Medicaid 14.4   16.0   21.6   24.0   10.7   11.6   14.6   16.4  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 12.9   16.9   13.6   12.3   12.1   11.7   13.1   18.9  
Own Savings or Earnings 46.9   42.4   22.9   14.3   47.1   49.2   49.9   43.4  
Family Members 15.2   16.7   37.0   31.4   21.0   24.3   10.7   13.0  
Courts 9.4   6.6   19.4   18.4   5.8   8.8   9.2   4.8  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
2.8   4.8   1.9   1.4   1.2   2.3   3.4   6.0  
Employer 5.8   4.1   2.2   1.4   4.1   2.7   6.8   4.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.36A Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 1,023   963   135   127   203   246   685   589  
Medicare 495   509   82   73   80 134   333   303  
Medicaid 597   600   73   73   91   121   434   406  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 499   618   45   38   114   139   340   441  
Own Savings or Earnings 1,606   1,731   73   55   400   424   1,134   1,251  
Family Members 645   787   147   130   229   259   269   399  
Courts 401   314   63   52   68   81   270   181  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
127   169   10   9   12   24   105   136  
Employer 238   170   10   9   31   22   197   139  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.36B Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 27.0   24.5   33.3   36.5   23.2   25.6   27.3   22.5  
Medicare 13.1   13.0   20.2   20.8   9.2 13.9   13.3   11.6  
Medicaid 15.8   15.3   17.9   21.0   10.4   12.6   17.3   15.5  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 13.2   15.7   11.1   11.0   13.1   14.4   13.5   16.8  
Own Savings or Earnings 42.4   44.0   17.9   15.7   45.7   44.1   45.2   47.8  
Family Members 17.0   20.0   36.2   37.2   26.2   26.9   10.7   15.2  
Courts 10.6   8.0   15.5   15.0   7.8   8.4   10.8   6.9  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
3.4   4.3   2.5   2.6   1.4   2.5   4.2   5.2  
Employer 6.3   4.3   2.4   2.7   3.6   2.3   7.8   5.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.37A Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 549   419   40   54   102   103   406   263  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 540   569   60   55   141   123   339   392  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,030   882   87   90   239   241   704   552  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 590   576   55   53   139   145   396   378  
Emergency Room 253   167   20   25   49   37   185   106  
Private Doctor's Office 209   244   40   35   56   69   112   141  
Self-Help Group 1,175   1,214   87   87   289   285   800   841  
Prison/Jail 163   219   18   17   53   60   92   142  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.37B Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 25.0   19.3   14.5   21.3   18.9   18.2   29.6   19.3  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 24.7   26.2   21.7   21.7   26.0   21.8   24.7   28.9  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 47.0   40.6   31.7   35.6   44.0   42.7   51.3   40.7  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 26.9   26.5   20.0   21.2   25.5   25.7   28.9   27.8  
Emergency Room 11.6   7.7   7.2   9.8   9.0   6.5   13.4   7.8  
Private Doctor's Office 9.5   11.2   14.5   13.7   10.4   12.2   8.2   10.4  
Self-Help Group 53.6   55.9   31.4   34.7   53.2   50.6   58.2   62.0  
Prison/Jail 7.4   10.1   6.4   6.7   9.8   10.6   6.7   10.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.38A Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 505   602   40   55   66   80   400   468  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 673   822   56   43   107   90   509   689  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,074   1,164   83   64   237   207   754   893  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 682   827   52   55   107   132   522   640  
Emergency Room 238   273   22   23   34   37   182   214  
Private Doctor's Office 310   328   41 19   54   71   215   238  
Self-Help Group 1,524   1,633   91   79   290   285   1,143   1,268  
Prison/Jail 199   225   24   15   44   63   130   146  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.38B Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 19.0   21.2   16.9   25.4   11.4   13.4   21.6   23.0  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 25.3   28.9   23.9   19.9   18.7   15.3   27.5   33.8  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 40.4   40.9   35.2   29.9   41.2   34.9   40.8   43.9  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 25.6   29.1   22.3   25.7   18.6   22.3   28.3   31.4  
Emergency Room 8.9   9.6   9.5   10.5   5.8   6.2   9.8   10.5  
Private Doctor's Office 11.6   11.5   17.4 8.9   9.3   12.0   11.6   11.7  
Self-Help Group 57.3   57.4   38.5   36.8   50.4   48.1   61.9   62.3  
Prison/Jail 7.5   7.9   10.4   7.1   7.7   10.7   7.0   7.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.39A Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 775   773   63   73   130   149   582   550  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 947   1,109   82   71   193   174   672   864  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,666   1,546   122   115   381   359   1,163   1,072  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 982   1,046   85   73   196   224   701   748  
Emergency Room 453   399   44   46   79   76   330   277  
Private Doctor's Office 490   460   67   47   90   116   333   297  
Self-Help Group 2,098   2,102   138   121   459   449   1,501   1,532  
Prison/Jail 310   344   35   21   70   107   206   216  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.39B Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 20.4   19.7   15.4   21.0   14.9   15.5   23.2   21.0  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 25.0   28.2   20.2   20.3   22.1   18.1   26.8   33.0  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 43.9   39.3   30.0   33.2   43.5   37.3   46.3   40.9  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 25.9   26.6   21.0   21.1   22.4   23.3   27.9   28.5  
Emergency Room 11.9   10.2   10.7   13.1   9.0   7.9   13.2   10.6  
Private Doctor's Office 12.9   11.7   16.5   13.6   10.3   12.0   13.3   11.3  
Self-Help Group 55.3   53.5   33.9   34.8   52.5   46.7   59.8   58.4  
Prison/Jail 8.2   8.8   8.5   6.0   8.0   11.1   8.2   8.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.40A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE                
     None 1,094   1,200   1,478   1,639   716   855   2,104   2,275  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 1,098   972   1,180   1,204   752   666   1,687   1,655  
          Illicit Drugs 831   707   569   500   507   451   961   845  
          Alcohol 567   521   941   953   525   434   1,100   1,131  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 300   256   330   249   280   218   374   322  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
     None 907   989   1,189   1,219   607   689   1,652   1,747  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 1,284   1,183   1,469   1,624   860   833   2,139   2,183  
          Illicit Drugs 1,005   851   690   633   615   559   1,196   1,044  
          Alcohol 807   793   1,274   1,392   674   636   1,607   1,692  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 528   461   494   401   429   362   664   553  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.40B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE                
     None 0.5   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.4   0.9   1.0  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 9.3   8.6   10.0   10.6   6.4   5.9   14.3   14.6  
          Illicit Drugs 17.1   15.0   11.7   10.6   10.4   9.6   19.8   17.9  
          Alcohol 6.8   6.5   11.3   12.0   6.3   5.4   13.2   14.2  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 21.2   18.8   23.3   18.2   19.8   16.0   26.5   23.6  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
     None 0.4   0.4   0.5   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.8   0.8  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.7   5.3   6.5   7.3   3.8   3.7   9.5   9.8  
          Illicit Drugs 13.8   12.4   9.5   9.3   8.4   8.2   16.4   15.3  
          Alcohol 4.3   4.3   6.8   7.5   3.6   3.4   8.6   9.1  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 15.3   14.1   14.4   12.2   12.4   11.1   19.3   16.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.41A Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs2 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 1,005   851   690   633   615   559   1,196   1,044  
     Marijuana and Hashish 437   402   336   298   301   262   547   513  
     Cocaine 428   365   299   289   284   268   498   428  
     Heroin *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Hallucinogens 87   61   61   41   58   41   108   66  
     Inhalants *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 282   270   202   222   165   183   348   340  
             Pain Relievers 188   213   139   166   109   156   236   250  
             Tranquilizers 98   55   *   *   *   36   114   93  
             Stimulants 94   99   *   73   *   *   121   111  
             Sedatives *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
ALCOHOL 807   793   1,274   1,392   674   636   1,607   1,692  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 1,284   1,183   1,469   1,624   860   833   2,139   2,183  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 528   461   494   401   429   362   664   553  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.41B Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs2 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 13.8   12.4   9.5   9.3   8.4   8.2   16.4   15.3  
     Marijuana and Hashish 9.8   9.8   7.5   7.3   6.7   6.4   12.2   12.5  
     Cocaine 27.3   23.6   19.0   18.6   18.1   17.3   31.7   27.7  
     Heroin *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Hallucinogens 19.3   16.6   13.5   11.1   12.9   11.0   24.1   17.7  
     Inhalants *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 13.7   13.8   9.9   11.3   8.1   9.3   17.0   17.4  
             Pain Relievers 13.6   13.8   10.0   10.8   7.8   10.1   17.0   16.2  
             Tranquilizers 17.0   13.1   *   *   *   8.5   19.8   22.1  
             Stimulants 20.0   24.2   *   17.8   *   *   25.8   27.3  
             Sedatives *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
ALCOHOL 4.3   4.3   6.8   7.5   3.6   3.4   8.6   9.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 5.7   5.3   6.5   7.3   3.8   3.7   9.5   9.8  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 15.3   14.1   14.4   12.2   12.4   11.1   19.3   16.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.42A Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in Lifetime, Receipt of Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic RECEIVED ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN LIFETIME
Total Received Treatment in the Past Year Did Not Receive Treatment in the Past Year
Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1 No Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 13,764   14,368   3,791   3,930   2,893   3,030   7,080   7,408  
AGE                
     12-17 579 480   406   348   72   51   101   80  
     18-25 2,095   2,206   874   962   616   683   604   561  
     26 or Older 11,090   11,683   2,511   2,620   2,205   2,296   6,375   6,766  
GENDER                
     Male 9,744   9,894   2,640   2,516   2,194   2,277   4,911   5,101  
     Female 4,019   4,475   1,151   1,414   699   754   2,169   2,307  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12,156   12,778   3,279   3,284   2,549   2,691   6,327   6,803  
          White 9,797   10,223   2,299   2,438   2,193   2,208   5,304   5,577  
          Black or African American 1,741   2,116   724   726   258 418   759   971  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 152   121   59   45   28   25   65   50  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   33   *   8   5   13   *   12  
          Asian 145   123   95   38   8   4   42   81  
          Two or More Races 262   162   82 29   57   22   123   111  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,608   1,590   511   646   344   339   753   605  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.42B Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in Lifetime, Receipt of Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic RECEIVED ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN LIFETIME
Total Received Treatment in the Past Year Did Not Receive Treatment in the Past Year
Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1 No Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.7   5.9   1.6   1.6   1.2   1.2   2.9   3.0  
AGE                
     12-17 2.3 1.9   1.6   1.4   0.3   0.2   0.4   0.3  
     18-25 6.5   6.8   2.7   3.0   1.9   2.1   1.9   1.7  
     26 or Older 6.1   6.3   1.4   1.4   1.2   1.2   3.5   3.7  
GENDER                
     Male 8.4   8.4   2.3   2.1   1.9   1.9   4.2   4.3  
     Female 3.2   3.6   0.9   1.1   0.6   0.6   1.7   1.8  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.8   6.1   1.6   1.6   1.2   1.3   3.0   3.2  
          White 5.9   6.1   1.4   1.5   1.3   1.3   3.2   3.3  
          Black or African American 6.2   7.4   2.6   2.5   0.9   1.5   2.7   3.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11.7   9.6   4.6   3.6   2.2   2.0   5.0   4.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   4.7   *   1.1   0.8   1.9   *   1.7  
          Asian 1.5   1.2   1.0   0.4   0.1   0.0   0.4   0.8  
          Two or More Races 10.2   6.2   3.2 1.1   2.2   0.8   4.8   4.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 5.2   4.9   1.6   2.0   1.1   1.1   2.4   1.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.43A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,427   1,280   1,535   1,626   718   748   2,327   2,308  
12 1   1   3   0   1   *   3   1  
13 4   2   1   3   *   2   5   3  
14 17 4   11   8   6   3   23 10  
15 29   25   27   19   18   13   41   32  
16 38   47   34   44   26   35   47   56  
17 45   62   50   44   30   30   66   78  
18 81   77   41   29   27   20   97   89  
19 37   32   27   35   20   11   45   60  
20 28   35   37   33   8   19   65   51  
21 57   32   61   41   28   13   91   62  
22 33   37   50   41   18   22   69   59  
23 36   51   46   37   19   21   68   68  
24 50   50   33   38   20   16   68   73  
25 30   35   29   39   14   15   45   61  
26-29 171 60   164   82   80   39   269 109  
30-34 114   153   136   192   29   95   221   271  
35-39 138   145   185   209   90   112   247   265  
40-44 251   221   243   252   138   160   379   313  
45-49 173   167   189   218   106   114   255   291  
50-54 41   38   122   114   27   4   136   159  
55-59 10   5   44   93   10   2   44   109  
60-64 43   *   3   *   3   *   43   35  
65 or Older *   *   *   53   *   *   *   53  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.43B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   0.9  
12 0.0   0.0   0.1   0.0   0.0   *   0.1   0.0  
13 0.1   0.1   0.0   0.1   *   0.1   0.1   0.1  
14 0.4 0.1   0.3   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.5 0.2  
15 0.7   0.6   0.6   0.4   0.4   0.3   1.0   0.7  
16 0.9   1.1   0.8   1.0   0.6   0.8   1.1   1.3  
17 1.1   1.5   1.2   1.1   0.7   0.7   1.6   1.9  
18 1.8   1.7   0.9   0.6   0.6   0.4   2.1   1.9  
19 0.9   0.7   0.7   0.8   0.5   0.3   1.1   1.4  
20 0.7   0.9   0.9   0.8   0.2   0.5   1.6   1.2  
21 1.4   0.8   1.5   1.0   0.7   0.3   2.2   1.5  
22 0.8   0.9   1.2   1.0   0.4   0.6   1.7   1.5  
23 0.9   1.3   1.2   1.0   0.5   0.6   1.7   1.7  
24 1.2   1.3   0.8   1.0   0.5   0.4   1.7   2.0  
25 0.8   0.9   0.8   1.0   0.4   0.4   1.2   1.6  
26-29 1.1 0.4   1.1   0.5   0.5   0.3   1.8 0.7  
30-34 0.6   0.8   0.7   1.0   0.1 0.5   1.1   1.4  
35-39 0.7   0.7   0.9   1.0   0.4   0.6   1.2   1.3  
40-44 1.1   0.9   1.1   1.1   0.6   0.7   1.7   1.3  
45-49 0.8   0.8   0.9   1.0   0.5   0.5   1.2   1.3  
50-54 0.2   0.2   0.6   0.6   0.1   0.0   0.7   0.8  
55-59 0.1   0.0   0.3   0.5   0.1   0.0   0.3   0.6  
60-64 0.3   *   0.0   *   0.0   *   0.3   0.3  
65 or Older *   *   *   0.2   *   *   *   0.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.44A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,427   1,280   1,535   1,626   718   748   2,327   2,308  
AGE                
     12-17 134   142   126   119   81   84   185   181  
     18-25 352   350   323   295   154   138   548   522  
     26 or Older 941   789   1,086   1,213   483   527   1,594   1,605  
GENDER                
     Male 914   748   1,149   1,047   542   412   1,571   1,519  
     Female 513   532   386 579   175 337   755   789  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,285   1,098   1,301   1,374   639   641   2,013   1,934  
          White 845   722   928   969   398   387   1,425   1,372  
          Black or African American 334   343   285   368   190   237   443   507  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 7   11   26   21   6   8   27   24  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1   *   0   *   *   *   2  
          Asian 46   2   12   4   *   1   58   5  
          Two or More Races 34   19   31   12   26   7   40   25  
     Hispanic or Latino 142   182   234   252   79   107   314   373  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.44B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   0.9  
AGE                
     12-17 0.5   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.3   0.3   0.7   0.7  
     18-25 1.1   1.1   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.4   1.7   1.6  
     26 or Older 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.9  
GENDER                
     Male 0.8   0.6   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.3   1.3   1.3  
     Female 0.4   0.4   0.3 0.5   0.1 0.3   0.6   0.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   0.9  
          White 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.6   0.2   0.2   0.9   0.8  
          Black or African American 1.2   1.2   1.0   1.3   0.7   0.8   1.6   1.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5   0.9   2.0   1.7   0.5   0.6   2.1   1.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   0.1   *   0.0   *   *   *   0.3  
          Asian 0.5   0.0   0.1   0.0   *   0.0   0.6   0.0  
          Two or More Races 1.3   0.7   1.2   0.5   1.0   0.3   1.6   1.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.5   0.6   0.8   0.8   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.45A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 134   142   126   119   81   84   185   181  
GENDER                
     Male 74   77   68   50   45   39   98   92  
     Female 61   64   58   69   36   45   87   89  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 115   122   111   101   68   70   163   158  
          White 100   104   99   83   57   57   146   135  
          Black or African American 11   15   8   14   8   11   12   18  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 2   1   2   2   2   1   3   2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   0   *   *   *   0   *  
          Two or More Races 1   2   1   1   1   1   2   2  
     Hispanic or Latino 20   20   15   17   13   14   22   23  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 50   58   47   33   25   28   73   66  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 50   47   52   50   32   29   73   69  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 8   7   7   7   7   4   8   10  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 3   8   2   7   1   7   3   8  
     Male, Hispanic 13   13   11   9   11   7   13   15  
     Female, Hispanic 7   7   4   8   2   7   9   8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.45B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.5   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.3   0.3   0.7   0.7  
GENDER                
     Male 0.6   0.6   0.5   0.4   0.4   0.3   0.8   0.7  
     Female 0.5   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.3   0.4   0.7   0.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5   0.6   0.5   0.5   0.3   0.3   0.8   0.8  
          White 0.6   0.7   0.6   0.5   0.4   0.4   0.9   0.9  
          Black or African American 0.3   0.4   0.2   0.4   0.2   0.3   0.3   0.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1.3   0.5   1.2   1.3   1.2   0.4   1.5   1.4  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   0.0   *   *   *   0.0   *  
          Two or More Races 0.3   0.5   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.3   0.5   0.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.5   0.4   0.4   0.4   0.3   0.3   0.5   0.5  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
     Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.6   0.7   0.6   0.4   0.3   0.4   0.9   0.8  
     Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.7   0.6   0.7   0.7   0.4   0.4   1.0   0.9  
     Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.4   0.3   0.3   0.4   0.3   0.2   0.4   0.5  
     Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.1   0.4   0.1   0.4   0.1   0.4   0.2   0.4  
     Male, Hispanic 0.6   0.6   0.5   0.4   0.5   0.3   0.6   0.7  
     Female, Hispanic 0.4   0.3   0.2   0.4   0.1   0.3   0.4   0.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.46A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 352   350   323   295   154   138   548   522  
GENDER                
     Male 216   212   232   199   102   87   369   337  
     Female 135   138   91   96   52   51   178   185  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 320   315   272   259   140   119   472   471  
          White 267   268   245   225   127   104   406   401  
          Black or African American 38   34   15   26   9   10   45   51  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   4   6   2   *   2   6   5  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1   *   0   *   *   *   1  
          Asian 6   2   2   4   *   1   8   5  
          Two or More Races 5   6   3   2   2   1   7   8  
     Hispanic or Latino 32   35   52   35   14   19   76   51  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 158   126   111   104   60   52   216   183  
     High School Graduate 131   152   126   109   61   51   211   219  
     Some College 57   70   77   67   28   33   107   105  
     College Graduate 5   2   9   15   4   2   14   15  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 153   133   145   123   64   52   245   210  
     Part-Time 59   73   58   72   20   35   110   112  
     Unemployed 48   71   41   56   22   26   70   104  
     Other3 91   73   78 44   48   25   123   95  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.46B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1.1   1.1   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.4   1.7   1.6  
GENDER                
     Male 1.3   1.3   1.4   1.2   0.6   0.5   2.3   2.1  
     Female 0.8   0.9   0.6   0.6   0.3   0.3   1.1   1.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1.2   1.2   1.0   1.0   0.5   0.4   1.8   1.8  
          White 1.3   1.3   1.2   1.1   0.6   0.5   2.0   2.0  
          Black or African American 0.9   0.8   0.4   0.6   0.2   0.2   1.0   1.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   1.9   3.2   1.0   *   0.8   3.5   2.2  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   0.7   *   0.1   *   *   *   0.8  
          Asian 0.4   0.1   0.2   0.3   *   0.1   0.6   0.3  
          Two or More Races 1.6   1.9   0.9   0.6   0.5   0.4   1.9   2.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.6   0.6   0.9   0.6   0.2   0.3   1.3   0.9  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 2.4   1.9   1.7   1.6   0.9   0.8   3.2   2.7  
     High School Graduate 1.2   1.4   1.1   1.0   0.6   0.5   1.9   2.0  
     Some College 0.6   0.7   0.7   0.6   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.0  
     College Graduate 0.1   0.0   0.2   0.4   0.1   0.0   0.3   0.4  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 1.0   0.9   1.0   0.8   0.4   0.3   1.6   1.4  
     Part-Time 0.7   0.9   0.7   0.9   0.2   0.4   1.4   1.4  
     Unemployed 1.9   2.8   1.6   2.2   0.8   1.0   2.7   4.0  
     Other3 1.4   1.2   1.2 0.7   0.7   0.4   1.9   1.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.47A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 941   789   1,086   1,213   483   527   1,594   1,605  
GENDER                
     Male 624   459   849   799   395   286   1,104   1,090  
     Female 317   329   236 415   88 240   490   515  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 851   661   919   1,014   432   453   1,378   1,306  
          White 478   350   583   661   214   226   873   835  
          Black or African American 285   294   261   328   173   216   387   437  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 1   6   *   17   1   6   *   17  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   9   *   *   *   49   *  
          Two or More Races 27   11   27   9   24   5   31   15  
     Hispanic or Latino 90   128   167   199   51   74   217   300  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 262   248   337   321   103   168   498   439  
     High School Graduate 366   280   381   407   181   180   608   529  
     Some College 238   196   302   285   155   148   390   390  
     College Graduate 75   64   67   200   44   30   98   247  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 423   364   534   500   233   246   760   647  
     Part-Time 113   108   102   118   57   66   173   159  
     Unemployed 107   73   99   108   24   44   183   172  
     Other3 298   244   350   487   170   171   479   627  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.47B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.9  
GENDER                
     Male 0.7   0.5   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.3   1.3   1.2  
     Female 0.3   0.3   0.2 0.4   0.1 0.2   0.5   0.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.8  
          White 0.4   0.3   0.4   0.5   0.2   0.2   0.7   0.6  
          Black or African American 1.4   1.4   1.3   1.6   0.9   1.1   1.9   2.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1   0.7   *   1.9   0.1   0.7   *   1.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   0.1   *   *   *   0.7   *  
          Two or More Races 1.6   0.6   1.5   0.5   1.3   0.2   1.7   0.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.4   0.6   0.8   0.9   0.2   0.3   1.0   1.4  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 0.9   0.9   1.1   1.1   0.3   0.6   1.7   1.5  
     High School Graduate 0.6   0.5   0.7   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.1   0.9  
     Some College 0.5   0.4   0.7   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.9  
     College Graduate 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.5  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 0.4   0.3   0.5   0.5   0.2   0.2   0.7   0.6  
     Part-Time 0.6   0.5   0.5   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.8  
     Unemployed 2.2   1.4   2.1   2.2   0.5   0.9   3.8   3.4  
     Other3 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.9   0.3   0.3   0.9   1.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.48A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,293   1,139   1,409   1,508   637   665   2,142   2,127  
GENDER                
     Male 841   671   1,082   997   497   373   1,474   1,427  
     Female 452   468   328 510   140 292   668   700  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 1,171   976   1,190   1,273   572   571   1,850   1,777  
          White 745   617   829   886   341   330   1,279   1,237  
          Black or African American 323   329   277   353   182   226   431   489  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 5   10   24   19   4   7   25   21  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   1   *   0   *   *   *   2  
          Asian 46   2   11   4   *   1   58   5  
          Two or More Races 33   17   30   11   25   6   38   23  
     Hispanic or Latino 122   163   219   235   65   93   292   350  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 421   374   448   425   163   220   714   622  
     High School Graduate 497   433   507   516   243   232   819   748  
     Some College 295   266   379   351   184   181   497   495  
     College Graduate 80   66   76   215   47   32   112   262  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 576   497   680   623   297   298   1,004   858  
     Part-Time 172   180   160   190   77   101   283   272  
     Unemployed 156   144   141   164   45   70   253   276  
     Other3 390   317   428   531   217   196   602   722  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60508

Table  5.48B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.6   0.5   0.7   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.0  
GENDER                
     Male 0.8   0.6   1.0   0.9   0.5   0.4   1.4   1.4  
     Female 0.4   0.4   0.3 0.5   0.1 0.3   0.6   0.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   0.9  
          White 0.5   0.4   0.5   0.6   0.2   0.2   0.8   0.8  
          Black or African American 1.3   1.3   1.1   1.4   0.8   0.9   1.8   2.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4   0.9   2.1   1.7   0.4   0.7   2.2   1.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   0.1   *   0.0   *   *   *   0.4  
          Asian 0.5   0.0   0.1   0.0   *   0.0   0.6   0.1  
          Two or More Races 1.6   0.8   1.4   0.5   1.2   0.3   1.8   1.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 0.5   0.6   0.8   0.8   0.2   0.3   1.1   1.3  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 1.2   1.0   1.2   1.2   0.4   0.6   2.0   1.7  
     High School Graduate 0.7   0.6   0.7   0.8   0.4   0.3   1.2   1.1  
     Some College 0.5   0.5   0.7   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.9  
     College Graduate 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.4  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.5   0.2   0.2   0.8   0.7  
     Part-Time 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.4   1.0   1.0  
     Unemployed 2.1   1.9   1.9   2.2   0.6   0.9   3.4   3.6  
     Other3 0.6   0.5   0.7   0.9   0.4   0.3   1.0   1.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.49A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 1,427   1,280   1,535   1,626   718   748   2,327   2,308  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
     Northeast 345   320   322   394   173   225   507   513  
          New England 96 42   82   74   57   28   129   89  
          Middle Atlantic 249   278   239   321   117   197   378   424  
     Midwest 307   276   363   397   142   161   537   539  
          East North Central 176   170   246   234   82   100   346   308  
          West North Central 130   106   117   163   60   61   190   231  
     South 527   424   487   489   243   236   813   701  
          South Atlantic 344   285   325   304   194   163   505   440  
          East South Central 62   57   64   70   22   30   105   101  
          West South Central 122   82   98   115   27   43   204   159  
     West 248   261   363   345   160   127   470   555  
          Mountain 68   132   74 171   34   59   118 246  
          Pacific 180   130   289   175   127   68   352   309  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 740   714   787   881   345   421   1,219   1,273  
     Small Metro 447   352   488   474   259   201   695   647  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 284   280   306   325   152   148   453   473  
          < 250K Pop. 163 72   183   149   107   53   243   174  
     Nonmetro 240   215   260   271   114   126   412   388  
          Urbanized 115   105   116   99   65   71   168   138  
          Less Urbanized 122   93   121   158   47   48   218   217  
          Completely Rural 4   16   22   14   2   7   26   33  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.49B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   0.9  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
     Northeast 0.8   0.7   0.7   0.9   0.4   0.5   1.1   1.1  
          New England 0.8 0.4   0.7   0.6   0.5   0.2   1.1   0.7  
          Middle Atlantic 0.7   0.8   0.7   1.0   0.3   0.6   1.1   1.3  
     Midwest 0.6   0.5   0.7   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.0  
          East North Central 0.5   0.4   0.6   0.6   0.2   0.3   0.9   0.8  
          West North Central 0.8   0.6   0.7   1.0   0.4   0.4   1.2   1.4  
     South 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.9   0.8  
          South Atlantic 0.8   0.6   0.7   0.7   0.4   0.4   1.1   1.0  
          East South Central 0.4   0.4   0.4   0.5   0.2   0.2   0.7   0.7  
          West South Central 0.5   0.3   0.4   0.4   0.1   0.2   0.8   0.6  
     West 0.5   0.5   0.7   0.6   0.3   0.2   0.9   1.0  
          Mountain 0.4   0.8   0.5 1.0   0.2   0.4   0.7 1.5  
          Pacific 0.5   0.3   0.7   0.4   0.3   0.2   0.9   0.8  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   0.9   1.0  
     Small Metro 0.6   0.5   0.7   0.7   0.4   0.3   1.0   0.9  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.0  
          < 250K Pop. 0.7 0.3   0.7   0.6   0.4   0.2   1.0   0.7  
     Nonmetro 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.0  
          Urbanized 0.7   0.7   0.7   0.6   0.4   0.5   1.0   0.9  
          Less Urbanized 0.6   0.5   0.6   0.8   0.2   0.2   1.1   1.1  
          Completely Rural 0.1   0.3   0.6   0.3   0.0   0.1   0.7   0.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.50A Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Marijuana 521   556   80   87   178   169   262   300  
Cocaine 466   438   17   19   87   68   362   351  
Heroin 156   190   3   3   36   57   117   *  
Hallucinogens 182   215   17   18   57   48   108   148  
Inhalants 79   85   14   10   33   23   32   52  
Pain Relievers 226   259   20   29   83   79   123   151  
Tranquilizers 142   140   15   17   37   40   90   83  
Stimulants 192   170   17   10   60   41   115   120  
Sedatives 68   60   4   5   11   17   52   38  
Alcohol 1,027   1,211   75   76   231   205   721   931  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.50B Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Marijuana 34.5   33.2   67.0   69.4   46.1   46.5   26.2   25.3  
Cocaine 30.9   26.2   14.4   15.3   22.4   18.8   36.1   29.6  
Heroin 10.3   11.3   2.3   2.7   9.2   15.7   11.7   *  
Hallucinogens 12.1   12.8   14.1   14.6   14.9   13.2   10.7   12.5  
Inhalants 5.3   5.1   12.0   7.7   8.5   6.4   3.2   4.4  
Pain Relievers 14.9   15.5   16.6   22.9   21.4   21.8   12.3   12.7  
Tranquilizers 9.4   8.3   12.4   13.4   9.6   11.1   9.0   7.0  
Stimulants 12.7   10.2   14.1   7.9   15.6   11.3   11.5   10.1  
Sedatives 4.5   3.6   3.5   3.8   2.9   4.7   5.2   3.2  
Alcohol 68.1   72.3   62.7   60.9   59.7   56.2   71.9   78.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.51A Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 343   231   *   *   75   106   *   *  
Medicare 213   229   *   *   36   65   *   *  
Medicaid 278   218   *   *   47   64   *   *  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 245   262   *   *   54   63   175   *  
Own Savings or Earnings 364   323   *   *   95   103   *   *  
Family Members 216   226   *   *   78   95   93   *  
Courts 104   78   *   *   22   20   *   *  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
9   *   *   *   3   7   *   *  
Employer 35   43   *   *   8   5   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.51B Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 36.2   26.7   *   *   31.1   40.4   *   *  
Medicare 22.5   26.4   *   *   15.1   24.9   *   *  
Medicaid 29.3   25.1   *   *   19.5   24.3   *   *  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 25.9   30.2   *   *   22.4   24.2   28.1   *  
Own Savings or Earnings 38.4   37.3   *   *   39.5   39.1   *   *  
Family Members 22.9   26.1   *   *   32.3   36.3   15.0   *  
Courts 11.0   9.0   *   *   9.3   7.7   *   *  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
0.9   *   *   *   1.4   2.8   *   *  
Employer 3.7   5.0   *   *   3.4   2.0   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.52A Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 340   364   *   *   63   77   237   245  
Medicare 177   251   *   *   33   39   121   186  
Medicaid 242   300   *   *   41   44   175   *  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 198   342   *   *   41   40   142   *  
Own Savings or Earnings 374   481   *   *   87   79   265   *  
Family Members 140 251   *   *   45   53   64   *  
Courts 99   75   *   *   12   25   73   36  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
19   *   *   *   *   *   16   *  
Employer 50   62   *   *   3   6   44   54  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.52B Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 35.2   31.4   *   *   28.9   41.8   35.2   27.3  
Medicare 18.3   21.7   *   *   15.2   21.0   18.0   20.7  
Medicaid 25.0   25.9   *   *   18.6   23.6   26.0   *  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 20.5   29.5   *   *   18.8   21.8   21.0   *  
Own Savings or Earnings 38.7   41.5   *   *   40.1   42.9   39.3   *  
Family Members 14.5   21.7   *   *   20.7   28.7   9.5   *  
Courts 10.3   6.4   *   *   5.3 13.6   10.9   4.0  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
2.0   *   *   *   *   *   2.4   *  
Employer 5.1   5.4   *   *   1.2   3.4   6.6   6.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.53A Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 573   534   63   73   118   156   392   306  
Medicare 344   348   44   43   57   87   244   218  
Medicaid 438   407   43   41   67   89   328   277  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 338   468   22   17   73   94   244   356  
Own Savings or Earnings 650   759   30   26   174   166   446   567  
Family Members 320   392   59   63   113   120   147   208  
Courts 176   105   21   23   35   39   119 42  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
29   112   4   3   5   13   19   *  
Employer 76   116   5   7   12   9   59   100  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.53B Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Private Health Insurance 38.0   31.9   52.8   58.0   30.4 42.8   39.1 25.8  
Medicare 22.8   20.8   36.9   34.4   14.7 23.9   24.3   18.3  
Medicaid 29.0   24.3   35.9   32.7   17.4   24.5   32.7   23.4  
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 22.4   27.9   18.1   13.3   18.8   26.0   24.3   30.1  
Own Savings or Earnings 43.1   45.3   25.4   21.1   44.9   45.6   44.5   47.8  
Family Members 21.2   23.4   49.6   50.5   29.4   33.1   14.6   17.6  
Courts 11.7 6.3   17.9   18.7   9.1   10.7   11.9 3.6  
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
   Some Other Military Health Care
1.9   6.7   3.7   2.2   1.3   3.5   1.9   *  
Employer 5.1   6.9   4.2   5.3   3.2   2.5   5.9   8.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.54A Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 549   419   40   54   102   103   406   263  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 540   569   60   55   141   123   339   *  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,030   882   87   90   239   241   *   *  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 590   576   55   53   139   145   396   *  
Emergency Room 223   161   15   24   44   31   163   *  
Private Doctor's Office 152   125   18   16   38   35   96   75  
Self-Help Group 838   803   52   56   202   199   585   548  
Prison/Jail 126   149   13   14   43   42   69   93  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.54B Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 38.4   32.7   29.8   37.7   29.1   29.4   43.2   33.3  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 37.9   44.4   44.6   38.5   40.1   35.1   36.1   *  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 72.2   68.9   64.9   63.2   68.0   68.7   *   *  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 41.4   45.0   41.1   37.7   39.4   41.4   42.1   *  
Emergency Room 15.6   12.6   11.5   17.1   12.6   8.9   17.3   *  
Private Doctor's Office 10.6   9.8   13.1   11.0   10.9   9.9   10.2   9.5  
Self-Help Group 58.7   62.7   38.7   39.8   57.3   56.7   62.1   69.5  
Prison/Jail 8.8   11.6   10.0   10.0   12.3   12.0   7.3   11.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.55A Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 505   602   40   55   66   80   400   468  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 673   822   56   43   107   90   509   689  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,074   1,164   83   64   237   207   754   893  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 682   827   52   55   107   132   522   640  
Emergency Room 225   257   20   18   29   32   175   206  
Private Doctor's Office 182   185   21   12   32   38   130   134  
Self-Help Group 981   966   58   42   167   163   756   760  
Prison/Jail 144   157   17   14   33   47   94   97  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.55B Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 32.9   37.0   31.6   46.0   20.3   27.0   36.8   38.5  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 43.8   50.6   44.7   36.1   33.2   30.7   46.9   56.8  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 70.0   71.6   65.8   54.1   73.3   70.3   69.5   73.6  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 44.4   50.9   41.6   46.6   33.0 44.8   48.1   52.8  
Emergency Room 14.6   15.8   15.7   15.5   9.1   11.0   16.1   17.0  
Private Doctor's Office 11.9   11.3   16.3   10.4   9.8   12.9   12.0   11.1  
Self-Help Group 63.9   59.4   45.7   35.6   51.6   55.4   69.7   62.7  
Prison/Jail 9.4   9.7   13.7   11.7   10.2   15.9   8.6   8.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.56A Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 775   773   63   73   130   149   582   550  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 947   1,109   82   71   193   174   672   864  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,666   1,546   122   115   381   359   1,163   1,072  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 982   1,046   85   73   196   224   701   748  
Emergency Room 416   361   38   41   72   65   306   255  
Private Doctor's Office 303   254   31   26   59   63   213   165  
Self-Help Group 1,470   1,376   88   74   301   285   1,082   1,017  
Prison/Jail 240   229   25   18   62   82   152   129  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.56B Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Hospital as an Inpatient 33.3   33.5   33.9   40.4   23.8   28.6   36.5   34.3  
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 40.7   48.0   44.4   39.0   35.3   33.3   42.1   53.8  
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 71.6   67.0   65.9   63.8   69.5   68.8   73.0   66.8  
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 42.2   45.3   46.1   40.6   35.8   43.0   44.0   46.6  
Emergency Room 17.9   15.7   20.7   22.7   13.1   12.5   19.2   15.9  
Private Doctor's Office 13.0   11.0   17.0   14.2   10.7   12.0   13.4   10.3  
Self-Help Group 63.2   59.6   47.7   40.7   54.9   54.7   67.8   63.3  
Prison/Jail 10.3   9.9   13.8   9.7   11.4   15.8   9.5   8.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.57A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE                
     None 706   680   769   824   340   372   1,199   1,240  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 721   601   766   802   378   377   1,127   1,068  
          Illicit Drugs 557   479   341   336   231   277   678   549  
          Alcohol 324   312   653   657   279   246   712   764  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 159   190   227   191   132   147   262   245  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
     None 593   558   618   585   290   294   970   954  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 834   722   917   1,041   428   454   1,357   1,354  
          Illicit Drugs 671   564   419   416   293   325   824   680  
          Alcohol 473   464   829   907   353   352   968   1,062  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 311   305   331   281   218   223   435   388  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.57B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE                
     None 0.3   0.3   0.3   0.4   0.1   0.2   0.5   0.5  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 6.1   5.3   6.5   7.1   3.2   3.3   9.6   9.4  
          Illicit Drugs 11.5   10.2   7.0   7.1   4.8   5.9   14.0   11.6  
          Alcohol 3.9   3.9   7.8   8.2   3.3   3.1   8.5   9.6  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 11.3   13.9   16.1   14.0   9.3   10.7   18.6   17.9  
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
     None 0.3   0.3   0.3   0.3   0.1   0.1   0.4   0.4  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 3.7   3.3   4.1   4.7   1.9   2.0   6.0   6.1  
          Illicit Drugs 9.2   8.2   5.7   6.1   4.0   4.8   11.3   9.9  
          Alcohol 2.5   2.5   4.4   4.9   1.9   1.9   5.2   5.7  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 9.0   9.3   9.6   8.6   6.3   6.8   12.6   11.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.58A Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs2 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 671   564   419   416   293   325   824   680  
     Marijuana and Hashish 252   274   198   195   147   158   306   319  
     Cocaine 283   248   189   210   148   171   346   304  
     Heroin *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Hallucinogens 52   42   24   31   20   21   56   53  
     Inhalants 10   19   13   *   7   9   17   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 228   196   143   165   82   111   291   252  
             Pain Relievers 152   147   108   123   65   90   197   183  
             Tranquilizers 84   50   43   *   26   26   100   75  
             Stimulants 86   62   53   44   41   33   100   72  
             Sedatives *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
ALCOHOL 473   464   829   907   353   352   968   1,062  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 834   722   917   1,041   428   454   1,357   1,354  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 311   305   331   281   218   223   435   388  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  5.58B Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 SUBSTANCE FOR WHICH TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY WAS RECEIVED IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs2 Alcohol Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol2 Illicit Drugs or Alcohol2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 9.2   8.2   5.7   6.1   4.0   4.8   11.3   9.9  
     Marijuana and Hashish 5.6   6.7   4.4   4.8   3.3   3.9   6.8   7.8  
     Cocaine 18.0   16.0   12.0   13.5   9.4   11.1   22.0   19.6  
     Heroin *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Hallucinogens 11.6   11.4   5.2   8.2   4.4   5.5   12.4   14.3  
     Inhalants 4.4   8.6   5.4   *   3.0   4.0   7.4   *  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 11.1   10.0   7.0   8.4   4.0   5.7   14.2   12.9  
             Pain Relievers 11.0   9.5   7.8   8.0   4.7   5.8   14.2   11.8  
             Tranquilizers 14.7   11.8   7.4   *   4.6   6.3   17.5   17.9  
             Stimulants 18.3   15.2   11.4   10.8   8.8   8.2   21.2   17.7  
             Sedatives *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
ALCOHOL 2.5   2.5   4.4   4.9   1.9   1.9   5.2   5.7  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 3.7   3.3   4.1   4.7   1.9   2.0   6.0   6.1  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 9.0   9.3   9.6   8.6   6.3   6.8   12.6   11.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60622

Table  5.59A Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in Lifetime, Receipt of Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic RECEIVED ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN LIFETIME
Total Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year
Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1 No Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 13,764   14,368   2,327   2,308   3,675   3,859   7,762   8,201  
AGE                
     12-17 579 480   185   181   201 132   193   166  
     18-25 2,095   2,206   548   522   816 950   731   734  
     26 or Older 11,090   11,683   1,594   1,605   2,658   2,777   6,838   7,300  
GENDER                
     Male 9,744   9,894   1,571   1,519   2,757   2,819   5,416   5,556  
     Female 4,019   4,475   755   789   918   1,041   2,346   2,644  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12,156   12,778   2,013   1,934   3,220   3,365   6,924   7,478  
          White 9,797   10,223   1,425   1,372   2,648   2,780   5,723   6,071  
          Black or African American 1,741   2,116   443   507   412   504   886   1,105  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 152   121   27   24   55   35   69   63  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   33   *   2   5   14   *   16  
          Asian 145   123   58   5   11   8   77   111  
          Two or More Races 262   162   40   25   89 25   134   112  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,608   1,590   314   373   455   494   838   722  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60622

Table  5.59B Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in Lifetime, Receipt of Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic RECEIVED ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN LIFETIME
Total Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year
Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1 No Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.7   5.9   1.0   0.9   1.5   1.6   3.2   3.4  
AGE                
     12-17 2.3 1.9   0.7   0.7   0.8 0.5   0.8   0.7  
     18-25 6.5   6.8   1.7   1.6   2.5   2.9   2.3   2.3  
     26 or Older 6.1   6.3   0.9   0.9   1.5   1.5   3.7   3.9  
GENDER                
     Male 8.4   8.4   1.3   1.3   2.4   2.4   4.6   4.7  
     Female 3.2   3.6   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.8   1.9   2.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.8   6.1   1.0   0.9   1.5   1.6   3.3   3.5  
          White 5.9   6.1   0.9   0.8   1.6   1.7   3.4   3.6  
          Black or African American 6.2   7.4   1.6   1.8   1.5   1.8   3.2   3.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11.7   9.6   2.1   1.9   4.2   2.7   5.3   5.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   4.7   *   0.3   0.8   2.0   *   2.3  
          Asian 1.5   1.2   0.6   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.8   1.1  
          Two or More Races 10.2   6.2   1.6   1.0   3.5 0.9   5.2   4.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 5.2   4.9   1.0   1.2   1.5   1.5   2.7   2.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table  5.60A Needed and Received Treatment for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category NEEDED TREATMENT FOR AN ILLICIT DRUG PROBLEM IN THE PAST YEAR Percentage Who Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility among Persons Who Needed Treatment
Total Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8,053   7,550   1,427   1,280   6,626   6,269   17.7   17.0  
12 43   25   1   1   42   24   *   *  
13 86   68   4   2   82   65   *   *  
14 207 135   17 4   190 131   8.3 3.0  
15 267   242   29   25   238   217   10.9   10.4