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2005 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

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Table  6.1A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category Total GENDER
Male Female
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 26,232   24,618   9,726   8,776   16,507   15,842  
18 1,018   870   383   351   635   519  
19 907   822   393   307   514   515  
20 930   836   414   333   516   502  
21 850   762   349   302   502   460  
22 744   770   339   308   405   461  
23 650   697   257   274   393   423  
24 787   660   259   263   528 397  
25 620   633   224   209   397   424  
26-29 2,291   2,103   881   886   1,410   1,217  
30-34 2,779   2,526   976   923   1,804   1,603  
35-39 3,240 2,478   1,000   814   2,239 1,664  
40-44 2,677   2,914   997   1,012   1,680   1,902  
45-49 2,999   2,451   1,011   830   1,988   1,621  
50-54 2,145   1,856   1,074   658   1,071   1,198  
55-59 961 1,694   326   515   635 1,179  
60-64 869   855   219   401   650   454  
65 or Older 1,763   1,690   623   388   1,140   1,302  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

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Table  6.1B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category Total GENDER
Male Female
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   9.4   8.4   14.8   14.0  
18 21.4   19.0   15.8   14.3   27.1   24.5  
19 23.9 19.2   20.3 14.0   27.7   24.6  
20 22.9   20.3   19.5   17.0   26.7   23.4  
21 21.7   19.0   18.6   14.8   24.4   23.3  
22 19.1   19.0   17.3   15.1   21.1   22.9  
23 16.7   17.9   13.9   14.5   19.3   21.2  
24 19.7   17.8   13.4   14.2   25.8   21.4  
25 16.0   16.5   10.9   11.0   21.6   21.8  
26-29 15.1   13.5   11.6   11.2   18.8   16.0  
30-34 14.0   13.1   10.0   9.8   17.9   16.2  
35-39 15.6 12.4   10.2   8.1   20.5   16.8  
40-44 11.6   12.5   8.7   8.8   14.6   15.9  
45-49 14.0 11.2   9.4   7.8   18.7   14.3  
50-54 11.0   9.4   11.3   6.9   10.7   11.8  
55-59 5.9 9.9   4.1   6.5   7.6 12.8  
60-64 7.0   6.5   3.8   6.0   9.8   7.0  
65 or Older 5.1   4.8   4.2   2.6   5.7   6.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

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Table  6.2A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 26,232   24,618   6,508 6,050   13,986 12,472   5,739   6,096  
GENDER                
     Male 9,726   8,776   2,618 2,349   4,865   4,465   2,242   1,962  
     Female 16,507   15,842   3,889   3,702   9,121 8,007   3,496   4,134  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22,964 21,366   5,551 5,087   12,243 10,668   5,170   5,611  
          White 18,627   17,373   4,418 3,979   10,026 8,715   4,184   4,679  
          Black or African American 2,861   2,650   725   706   1,480   1,294   656   649  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 113 232   *   39   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 799   656   246   257   366   338   *   *  
          Two or More Races 399   372   *   88   191   168   *   116  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,268   3,252   956   964   1,743   1,804   568   484  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 5,483   5,067   1,569 1,206   2,513   2,145   1,400   1,717  
     High School Graduate 8,560 7,473   2,158   2,183   4,465 3,568   1,937   1,722  
     Some College 7,295   6,970   2,069   2,023   3,824   3,680   1,402   1,268  
     College Graduate 4,895   5,108   712   639   3,184   3,079   999   1,389  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 12,913   11,759   2,774   2,615   8,472 7,294   1,667   1,850  
     Part-Time 4,001   3,603   1,757   1,701   1,674   1,382   569   521  
     Unemployed 1,619   1,528   605   540   764   841   *   *  
     Other1 7,699   7,728   1,372   1,195   3,076   2,955   3,252   3,578  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

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Table  6.2B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   20.2 18.6   14.0 12.5   6.9   7.1  
GENDER                
     Male 9.4   8.4   16.2 14.4   9.9   9.0   5.9   5.0  
     Female 14.8   14.0   24.3   22.9   18.0 15.8   7.8   9.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2 11.2   21.0 19.0   14.4 12.6   6.7   7.1  
          White 12.2   11.4   21.8 19.8   15.0 13.3   6.4   7.0  
          Black or African American 11.9   10.7   17.3   15.9   12.3   10.6   8.4   8.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 21.1   *   17.8   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.2   7.2   17.5   16.9   8.2   6.7   *   *  
          Two or More Races 22.4   16.8   *   25.8   19.8   20.2   *   11.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 12.2   11.7   16.7   16.8   11.6   11.6   9.4   7.5  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 14.9   14.2   23.8 18.1   17.6   15.7   8.7   11.1  
     High School Graduate 12.5 10.9   19.4   19.4   15.3 12.2   6.9   6.2  
     Some College 13.8   12.6   20.4   19.3   14.7   14.2   8.3   6.7  
     College Graduate 8.6   8.7   16.4   15.4   10.4   9.9   4.5   6.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 10.8 9.8   18.3   17.1   11.6 10.1   5.2   5.5  
     Part-Time 14.2   12.7   21.6   20.6   16.0   12.7   5.9   5.6  
     Unemployed 21.7   20.1   23.6   21.0   21.2   22.7   *   *  
     Other1 12.9   12.6   21.6   18.9   23.2   21.7   8.1   8.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

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Table  6.3A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Use of Illicit Drugs: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug ILLICIT DRUG USE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,626 6,611   18,606   18,007  
     Marijuana and Hashish 5,417 4,661   20,815   19,957  
     Cocaine 1,657   1,361   24,576   23,257  
          Crack 607   512   25,625   24,106  
     Heroin *   *   26,017   24,475  
     Hallucinogens 909   821   25,323   23,797  
          LSD *   106   26,064   24,512  
          PCP *   *   26,217   24,583  
          Ecstasy 436   459   25,797   24,159  
     Inhalants 393   312   25,839   24,306  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 3,869   3,494   22,364   21,124  
          Pain Relievers 2,779   2,654   23,453   21,964  
               OxyContin® 423   387   25,809   24,231  
          Tranquilizers 1,643   1,520   24,589   23,098  
          Stimulants 993   831   25,239   23,787  
               Methamphetamine 551   432   25,681   24,186  
          Sedatives *   243   25,949   24,375  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,761   4,279   21,471   20,339  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

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Table  6.3B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Use of Illicit Drugs: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug ILLICIT DRUG USE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1 24.8 22.0   10.1   9.6  
     Marijuana and Hashish 23.5   21.2   10.8   10.2  
     Cocaine 31.5   26.7   11.7   10.9  
          Crack 46.4   38.6   12.0 11.1  
     Heroin *   *   12.1 11.3  
     Hallucinogens 28.0   26.1   11.9 11.1  
          LSD *   25.7   12.1 11.3  
          PCP *   *   12.2 11.3  
          Ecstasy 26.2   26.9   12.1 11.2  
     Inhalants 34.1   29.9   12.1 11.2  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2 31.9 26.7   11.0   10.3  
          Pain Relievers 30.3   26.3   11.4   10.6  
               OxyContin® 44.4   37.2   12.0 11.2  
          Tranquilizers 38.9   32.0   11.6   10.8  
          Stimulants 38.4   36.6   11.9 11.0  
               Methamphetamine 42.3   38.3   12.0 11.2  
          Sedatives *   38.4   12.1 11.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.2 25.2   10.8   10.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.4A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 30,793   29,999   7,626 6,611   23,167   23,388  
     Marijuana and Hashish 23,060   21,991   5,417 4,661   17,642   17,330  
     Cocaine 5,267   5,099   1,657   1,361   3,610   3,738  
          Crack 1,309   1,327   607   512   702   815  
     Heroin 393   343   215   143   178   200  
     Hallucinogens 3,244   3,144   909   821   2,335   2,323  
          LSD 476   413   168   106   308   307  
          PCP 109   79   16   35   93   44  
          Ecstasy 1,662   1,703   436   459   1,226   1,245  
     Inhalants 1,151   1,043   393   312   758   731  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 12,124   13,068   3,869   3,494   8,255 9,574  
          Pain Relievers 9,161   10,074   2,779   2,654   6,382 7,420  
               OxyContin® 953   1,039   423   387   530   652  
          Tranquilizers 4,219   4,752   1,643   1,520   2,576 3,232  
          Stimulants 2,582   2,268   993   831   1,589   1,437  
               Methamphetamine 1,302   1,127   551   432   751   695  
          Sedatives 600   632   283   243   317   389  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 16,303   16,980   4,761   4,279   11,542   12,701  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.4B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 14.3   13.8   29.1   26.9   12.3   12.1  
     Marijuana and Hashish 10.7   10.1   20.7   18.9   9.3   9.0  
     Cocaine 2.4   2.3   6.3   5.5   1.9   1.9  
          Crack 0.6   0.6   2.3   2.1   0.4   0.4  
     Heroin 0.2   0.2   0.8   0.6   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 1.5   1.4   3.5   3.3   1.2   1.2  
          LSD 0.2   0.2   0.6   0.4   0.2   0.2  
          PCP 0.1   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.8   0.8   1.7   1.9   0.6   0.6  
     Inhalants 0.5   0.5   1.5   1.3   0.4   0.4  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 5.6   6.0   14.7   14.2   4.4 5.0  
          Pain Relievers 4.3   4.6   10.6   10.8   3.4 3.8  
               OxyContin® 0.4   0.5   1.6   1.6   0.3   0.3  
          Tranquilizers 2.0   2.2   6.3   6.2   1.4 1.7  
          Stimulants 1.2   1.0   3.8   3.4   0.8   0.7  
               Methamphetamine 0.6   0.5   2.1   1.8   0.4   0.4  
          Sedatives 0.3   0.3   1.1   1.0   0.2   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7.6   7.8   18.2   17.4   6.1   6.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60427

Table  6.5A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year and Past Month Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance TOBACCO PRODUCT OR ALCOHOL USE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR        
     Tobacco Products1 13,223   12,978   13,009 11,640  
          Cigarettes 12,135   11,941   14,097 12,677  
          Smokeless Tobacco 1,134   1,175   25,098   23,443  
          Cigars 3,990   3,556   22,243   21,062  
          Pipe Tobacco2 --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 19,064 17,541   7,168   7,077  
          Binge Alcohol Use3 --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use3 --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH        
     Tobacco Products1 11,691   11,453   14,541   13,165  
          Cigarettes 10,845   10,545   15,388   14,072  
          Smokeless Tobacco 808   849   25,424   23,769  
          Cigars 1,814   1,823   24,418   22,795  
          Pipe Tobacco 209   291   26,023   24,327  
     Alcohol 14,814   13,555   11,419   11,063  
          Binge Alcohol Use3 7,965   7,113   18,267   17,505  
               Heavy Alcohol Use3 2,791   2,317   23,441   22,301  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60427

Table  6.5B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year and Past Month Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance TOBACCO PRODUCT OR ALCOHOL USE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR        
     Tobacco Products1 16.8   16.3   9.5 8.4  
          Cigarettes 18.3   18.0   9.5 8.4  
          Smokeless Tobacco 12.8   12.6   12.2 11.2  
          Cigars 16.6   14.6   11.6   10.9  
          Pipe Tobacco2 --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 12.8 11.5   10.7   10.9  
          Binge Alcohol Use3 --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use3 --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH        
     Tobacco Products1 17.2   16.8   9.9 8.8  
          Cigarettes 18.7   18.2   9.8 8.8  
          Smokeless Tobacco 11.7   11.9   12.2 11.3  
          Cigars 14.5   14.5   12.0 11.1  
          Pipe Tobacco 12.4   14.3   12.2 11.3  
     Alcohol 12.6 11.1   11.7   11.5  
          Binge Alcohol Use3 15.3 13.5   11.2   10.6  
               Heavy Alcohol Use3 17.1   15.0   11.8   11.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.6A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products2 78,642   79,593   13,223   12,978   65,419   66,616  
          Cigarettes 66,191   66,446   12,135   11,941   54,056   54,504  
          Smokeless Tobacco 8,895   9,338   1,134   1,175   7,760   8,162  
          Cigars 23,963   24,423   3,990   3,556   19,974   20,867  
          Pipe Tobacco3 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 148,431 153,172   19,064 17,541   129,366 135,631  
          Binge Alcohol Use4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products2 68,035   68,195   11,691   11,453   56,344   56,742  
          Cigarettes 58,092   57,799   10,845   10,545   47,247   47,254  
          Smokeless Tobacco 6,884   7,158   808   849   6,076   6,309  
          Cigars 12,531   12,576   1,814   1,823   10,717   10,753  
          Pipe Tobacco 1,683   2,032   209   291   1,474   1,740  
     Alcohol 117,758 121,837   14,814   13,555   102,945 108,282  
          Binge Alcohol Use4 52,046   52,577   7,965   7,113   44,080   45,464  
               Heavy Alcohol Use4 16,292   15,424   2,791   2,317   13,501   13,107  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.6B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products2 36.5   36.5   50.4   52.7   34.6   34.5  
          Cigarettes 30.7   30.5   46.3   48.5   28.6   28.2  
          Smokeless Tobacco 4.1   4.3   4.3   4.8   4.1   4.2  
          Cigars 11.1   11.2   15.2   14.4   10.6   10.8  
          Pipe Tobacco3 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 68.9   70.3   72.7   71.3   68.4 70.2  
          Binge Alcohol Use4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products2 31.6   31.3   44.6   46.5   29.8   29.4  
          Cigarettes 27.0   26.5   41.3   42.8   25.0   24.5  
          Smokeless Tobacco 3.2   3.3   3.1   3.4   3.2   3.3  
          Cigars 5.8   5.8   6.9   7.4   5.7   5.6  
          Pipe Tobacco 0.8   0.9   0.8   1.2   0.8   0.9  
     Alcohol 54.7   55.9   56.5   55.1   54.4   56.0  
          Binge Alcohol Use4 24.2   24.1   30.4   28.9   23.3   23.5  
               Heavy Alcohol Use4 7.6   7.1   10.6   9.4   7.1   6.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.7A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total DEPENDENCE1 DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1
Yes No Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 26,232   24,618   1,985   1,704   24,247   22,914   2,673 2,130   23,559   22,488  
     Marijuana 26,232   24,618   1,000   776   25,232   23,842   1,514 1,083   24,718   23,535  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 26,232   24,618   1,220   1,124   25,013   23,494   1,568   1,366   24,664   23,252  
ALCOHOL 26,232   24,618   2,720   2,398   23,512   22,219   4,508   4,115   21,724   20,503  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 26,232   24,618   4,124   3,499   22,109   21,119   5,986   5,237   20,246   19,381  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 26,232   24,618   582   603   25,650   24,015   1,195   1,007   25,037   23,611  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.7B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total DEPENDENCE1 DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1
Yes No Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 12.2 11.3   44.6   42.2   11.5   10.7   41.0   37.7   11.3   10.6  
     Marijuana 12.2 11.3   40.6   36.7   11.9   11.1   38.0   34.0   11.7   11.0  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 12.2 11.3   50.0   49.6   11.8 10.9   46.9   43.7   11.6   10.8  
ALCOHOL 12.2 11.3   34.5   32.3   11.3   10.6   25.9   23.9   11.0   10.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 12.2 11.3   36.9   34.0   10.8   10.2   28.5   26.0   10.4   9.8  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL2 12.2 11.3   49.5   51.4   12.0 11.1   40.2   37.1   11.8   11.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.8A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
     Illicit Drugs3 6,515 5,647   2,673 2,130   3,842   3,517  
          Marijuana 3,984 3,182   1,514 1,083   2,470   2,100  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 3,346   3,123   1,568   1,366   1,778   1,757  
     Alcohol 17,424   17,251   4,508   4,115   12,916   13,137  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 20,969   20,180   5,986   5,237   14,983   14,943  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2,971   2,718   1,195   1,007   1,775   1,711  
DEPENDENCE2            
     Illicit Drugs3 4,448   4,040   1,985   1,704   2,462   2,336  
          Marijuana 2,461   2,113   1,000   776   1,461   1,338  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 2,441   2,267   1,220   1,124   1,221   1,143  
     Alcohol 7,892   7,424   2,720   2,398   5,172   5,026  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 11,166   10,290   4,124   3,499   7,042   6,791  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1,174   1,174   582   603   592   571  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.8B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
     Illicit Drugs3 3.0 2.6   10.2   8.7   2.0   1.8  
          Marijuana 1.9 1.5   5.8 4.4   1.3   1.1  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.6   1.4   6.0   5.5   0.9   0.9  
     Alcohol 8.1   7.9   17.2   16.7   6.8   6.8  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 9.7   9.3   22.8   21.3   7.9   7.7  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 1.4   1.2   4.6   4.1   0.9   0.9  
DEPENDENCE2            
     Illicit Drugs3 2.1   1.9   7.6   6.9   1.3   1.2  
          Marijuana 1.1   1.0   3.8   3.2   0.8   0.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.1   1.0   4.6   4.6   0.6   0.6  
     Alcohol 3.7   3.4   10.4   9.7   2.7   2.6  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 5.2   4.7   15.7   14.2   3.7   3.5  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.5   0.5   2.2   2.5   0.3   0.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60427

Table  6.9A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total ILLICIT DRUG DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1,2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 26,232   24,618   2,673 2,130   23,559   22,488  
     18-25 6,508 6,050   1,165   1,018   5,342   5,032  
     26-49 13,986 12,472   1,304   994   12,682   11,478  
     50 or Older 5,739   6,096   *   *   5,535   5,978  
MALE 9,726   8,776   1,563 1,001   8,163   7,775  
     18-25 2,618 2,349   679 510   1,939   1,838  
     26-49 4,865   4,465   680   458   4,185   4,007  
     50 or Older 2,242   1,962   *   *   2,039   1,929  
FEMALE 16,507   15,842   1,110   1,129   15,396   14,713  
     18-25 3,889   3,702   486   508   3,403   3,194  
     26-49 9,121 8,007   *   536   8,497 7,470  
     50 or Older 3,496   4,134   *   *   3,496   4,049  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60427

Table  6.9B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total ILLICIT DRUG DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1,2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   41.0   37.7   11.3   10.6  
     18-25 20.2 18.6   42.0   37.3   18.2 16.9  
     26-49 14.0 12.5   40.5   40.3   13.1 11.8  
     50 or Older 6.9   7.1   *   *   6.7   7.0  
MALE 9.4   8.4   36.4 28.1   8.2   7.7  
     18-25 16.2 14.4   35.9   29.7   13.6   12.6  
     26-49 9.9   9.0   34.1   29.0   8.8   8.4  
     50 or Older 5.9   5.0   *   *   5.4   5.0  
FEMALE 14.8   14.0   50.1   54.0   14.1   13.3  
     18-25 24.3   22.9   55.1   50.2   22.5   21.1  
     26-49 18.0 15.8   *   60.2   17.2 15.0  
     50 or Older 7.8   9.0   *   *   7.8   8.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.10A Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 6,515 5,647   2,673 2,130   3,842   3,517  
     18-25 2,776   2,728   1,165   1,018   1,611   1,710  
     26-49 3,217 2,468   1,304   994   1,912   1,474  
     50 or Older 522   450   203   117   318   333  
MALE 4,297 3,557   1,563 1,001   2,734   2,556  
     18-25 1,894   1,718   679 510   1,214   1,207  
     26-49 1,996   1,577   680   458   1,316   1,119  
     50 or Older 407   263   *   33   204   230  
FEMALE 2,218   2,089   1,110   1,129   1,108   961  
     18-25 883   1,011   486   508   397 503  
     26-49 1,221   891   624   536   597   355  
     50 or Older 115   187   *   85   115   103  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.5 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.10B Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3.0 2.6   10.2   8.7   2.0   1.8  
     18-25 8.6   8.4   17.9   16.8   6.3   6.5  
     26-49 3.2 2.5   9.3   8.0   2.2   1.7  
     50 or Older 0.6   0.5   3.5   1.9   0.4   0.4  
MALE 4.1 3.4   16.1 11.4   2.9   2.7  
     18-25 11.7   10.5   25.9   21.7   9.0   8.6  
     26-49 4.0   3.2   14.0   10.3   3.0   2.5  
     50 or Older 1.1   0.7   *   1.7   0.6   0.6  
FEMALE 2.0   1.9   6.7   7.1   1.2   1.0  
     18-25 5.5   6.3   12.5   13.7   3.3   4.0  
     26-49 2.4   1.8   6.8   6.7   1.4   0.8  
     50 or Older 0.3   0.4   *   2.1   0.3   0.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.5 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.11A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 26,232   24,618   4,508   4,115   21,724   20,503  
     18-25 6,508 6,050   1,751   1,615   4,757   4,435  
     26-49 13,986 12,472   2,319   1,991   11,667 10,481  
     50 or Older 5,739   6,096   *   508   5,301   5,587  
MALE 9,726   8,776   2,427   1,987   7,299   6,789  
     18-25 2,618 2,349   894   758   1,725   1,591  
     26-49 4,865   4,465   1,185   915   3,680   3,550  
     50 or Older 2,242   1,962   *   314   1,894   1,648  
FEMALE 16,507   15,842   2,081   2,127   14,426   13,715  
     18-25 3,889   3,702   857   857   3,032   2,844  
     26-49 9,121 8,007   1,134   1,076   7,987 6,931  
     50 or Older 3,496   4,134   *   *   3,407   3,940  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.11B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   25.9   23.9   11.0   10.2  
     18-25 20.2 18.6   32.0 28.4   17.8 16.6  
     26-49 14.0 12.5   25.3   22.5   12.8 11.5  
     50 or Older 6.9   7.1   *   18.6   6.6   6.8  
MALE 9.4   8.4   20.5   17.3   8.0   7.3  
     18-25 16.2 14.4   25.9 21.3   13.6   12.4  
     26-49 9.9   9.0   18.6   15.4   8.6   8.2  
     50 or Older 5.9   5.0   *   15.6   5.3   4.4  
FEMALE 14.8   14.0   37.4   37.1   13.6   12.8  
     18-25 24.3   22.9   42.6   40.1   21.6   20.3  
     26-49 18.0 15.8   40.5   37.4   16.7 14.5  
     50 or Older 7.8   9.0   *   *   7.7   8.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.12A Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 17,424   17,251   4,508   4,115   12,916   13,137  
     18-25 5,470   5,692   1,751   1,615   3,719   4,077  
     26-49 9,168   8,833   2,319   1,991   6,849   6,842  
     50 or Older 2,787   2,727   438   508   2,349   2,218  
MALE 11,858   11,518   2,427   1,987   9,430   9,531  
     18-25 3,456   3,554   894   758   2,562   2,796  
     26-49 6,369   5,956   1,185   915   5,184   5,041  
     50 or Older 2,033   2,008   *   314   1,684   1,694  
FEMALE 5,567   5,733   2,081   2,127   3,486   3,606  
     18-25 2,015   2,138   857   857   1,157   1,281  
     26-49 2,799   2,877   1,134   1,076   1,665   1,801  
     50 or Older 754   718   89   194   664   524  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.5 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60426

Table  6.12B Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8.1   7.9   17.2   16.7   6.8   6.8  
     18-25 17.0   17.5   26.9   26.7   14.5   15.4  
     26-49 9.2   8.8   16.6   16.0   8.0   7.8  
     50 or Older 3.4   3.2   7.6   8.3   3.0   2.8  
MALE 11.4   11.0   25.0   22.6   10.0   9.9  
     18-25 21.4   21.8   34.1   32.3   18.9   20.0  
     26-49 12.9   12.0   24.4   20.5   11.6   11.2  
     50 or Older 5.3   5.1   *   16.0   4.7   4.5  
FEMALE 5.0   5.1   12.6   13.4   3.7   3.7  
     18-25 12.6   13.2   22.0   23.2   9.5   10.3  
     26-49 5.5   5.7   12.4   13.4   4.0   4.2  
     50 or Older 1.7   1.6   2.5   4.7   1.6   1.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.5 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.13A Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 26,232   24,618   10,868   11,126   15,268 13,409  
AGE            
     18-25 6,508 6,050   1,740   1,831   4,729 4,173  
     26-49 13,986 12,472   6,687   6,084   7,291   6,352  
     50 or Older 5,739   6,096   2,441 3,211   3,247   2,885  
GENDER            
     Male 9,726   8,776   3,005   3,226   6,703 5,525  
     Female 16,507   15,842   7,864   7,900   8,565   7,885  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22,964 21,366   9,960   10,140   12,919 11,147  
          White 18,627   17,373   8,589   8,828   9,964 8,506  
          Black or African American 2,861   2,650   *   932   1,882   1,681  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 113 232   *   *   82   167  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   33  
          Asian 799   656   *   *   692   528  
          Two or More Races 399   372   *   *   198   233  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,268   3,252   908   986   2,349   2,262  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 5,483   5,067   2,013   1,980   3,460   3,074  
     High School Graduate 8,560 7,473   3,216   3,168   5,278 4,264  
     Some College 7,295   6,970   3,301   3,290   3,975   3,655  
     College Graduate 4,895   5,108   2,339   2,688   2,555   2,416  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 12,913   11,759   4,774   4,529   8,071   7,181  
     Part-Time 4,001   3,603   1,487   1,591   2,497 1,995  
     Unemployed 1,619   1,528   668   659   951   866  
     Other3 7,699   7,728   3,939   4,347   3,749   3,368  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older with past year SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.13B Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.2 11.3   38.7   39.5   8.2 7.1  
AGE            
     18-25 20.2 18.6   50.9   50.6   16.5 14.6  
     26-49 14.0 12.5   43.6   43.8   8.6 7.4  
     50 or Older 6.9   7.1   26.0   30.1   4.4   3.9  
GENDER            
     Male 9.4   8.4   32.7   34.7   7.1 5.8  
     Female 14.8   14.0   41.5   41.9   9.2   8.4  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2 11.2   38.3   39.0   8.0 6.8  
          White 12.2   11.4   37.4   38.6   7.7 6.6  
          Black or African American 11.9   10.7   *   42.5   8.6   7.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 21.1   *   *   8.7   17.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   5.9  
          Asian 9.2   7.2   *   *   8.4   6.1  
          Two or More Races 22.4   16.8   *   *   14.4   12.4  
     Hispanic or Latino 12.2   11.7   42.8   45.5   9.6   8.9  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 14.9   14.2   43.8   51.2   10.7   9.7  
     High School Graduate 12.5 10.9   40.3   39.8   8.8 7.1  
     Some College 13.8   12.6   43.2   41.2   8.8   7.7  
     College Graduate 8.6   8.7   29.6   32.2   5.2   4.8  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 10.8 9.8   36.0   36.0   7.6 6.7  
     Part-Time 14.2   12.7   37.8   37.6   10.3 8.3  
     Unemployed 21.7   20.1   53.4   50.1   15.3   13.8  
     Other3 12.9   12.6   40.8   43.3   7.5   6.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older with past year SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.14A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 28,115   28,166   10,868   11,126   17,247   17,040  
AGE            
     18-25 3,418   3,615   1,740   1,831   1,679   1,784  
     26-49 15,322 13,889   6,687   6,084   8,635   7,805  
     50 or Older 9,375   10,661   2,441 3,211   6,933   7,451  
GENDER            
     Male 9,188   9,308   3,005   3,226   6,183   6,082  
     Female 18,927   18,858   7,864   7,900   11,064   10,958  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 25,993   25,999   9,960   10,140   16,033   15,860  
          White 22,944   22,890   8,589   8,828   14,355   14,062  
          Black or African American 2,050   2,193   973   932   1,077   1,262  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   169   *   *   *   104  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 412   365   *   *   309   238  
          Two or More Races 406   317   *   *   *   178  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,122   2,166   908   986   1,213   1,180  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 4,594   3,868   2,013   1,980   2,581   1,888  
     High School Graduate 7,983   7,951   3,216   3,168   4,767   4,783  
     Some College 7,641   7,992   3,301   3,290   4,340   4,702  
     College Graduate 7,897   8,354   2,339   2,688   5,558   5,666  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 13,274   12,579   4,774   4,529   8,500   8,051  
     Part-Time 3,935   4,229   1,487   1,591   2,448   2,638  
     Unemployed 1,249   1,317   668   659   582   657  
     Other2 9,656   10,041   3,939   4,347   5,717   5,694  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.14B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Psychological Distress and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total SERIOUS PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 13.1   13.0   41.6 45.3   9.1   8.8  
AGE            
     18-25 10.7   11.2   26.9 30.5   6.6   6.8  
     26-49 15.3 13.9   47.8   48.9   10.0   8.9  
     50 or Older 11.3   12.5   42.9   52.7   9.0   9.4  
GENDER            
     Male 8.9   8.9   31.0 36.9   6.6   6.3  
     Female 17.0   16.8   47.9   50.0   11.6   11.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.8   13.7   43.5 47.6   9.7   9.4  
          White 15.1   15.1   46.3 50.9   10.7   10.4  
          Black or African American 8.6   8.9   34.1   35.7   5.1   5.7  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   15.4   *   *   *   11.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 4.8   4.0   *   *   3.9   2.8  
          Two or More Races 22.8   14.4   *   *   *   9.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 7.9   7.8   27.9   30.4   5.2   4.8  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 12.5   10.9   36.8   39.2   8.2   6.2  
     High School Graduate 11.7   11.6   37.9   42.6   8.0   7.9  
     Some College 14.4   14.5   45.4   47.4   9.5   9.8  
     College Graduate 13.9   14.3   47.8   52.7   10.7   10.7  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 11.1   10.5   37.2   38.7   8.0   7.4  
     Part-Time 14.0   14.9   37.3   44.4   10.1   10.7  
     Unemployed 16.8   17.4   41.3   43.2   10.0   10.9  
     Other2 16.2   16.4   51.2   56.3   11.0   10.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.15A Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,868   11,126   940   1,124   7,396   6,981   9,259   9,675  
AGE                
     18-25 1,740   1,831   206   192   1,049   1,201   1,372   1,412  
     26-49 6,687   6,084   487   586   4,664 3,884   5,728   5,268  
     50 or Older 2,441 3,211   247   347   1,683   1,895   2,159 2,995  
GENDER                
     Male 3,005   3,226   486   357   2,288   1,905   2,332   2,796  
     Female 7,864   7,900   454 767   5,108   5,076   6,926   6,879  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9,960   10,140   813   915   6,698   6,353   8,561   8,867  
          White 8,589   8,828   473   696   5,732   5,559   7,455   7,837  
          Black or African American 973   932   258   212   639   630   770   687  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   0   *   19   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   *   0   *   58   *   *  
          Two or More Races *   *   *   6   *   *   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 908   986   127   209   699   628   698   808  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 2,013   1,980   348   417   1,076   1,102   1,643   1,703  
     High School Graduate 3,216   3,168   338   338   2,086   1,734   2,645   2,863  
     Some College 3,301   3,290   246   268   2,355   2,145   2,955   2,884  
     College Graduate 2,339   2,688   7 101   1,879   1,999   2,015   2,225  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 4,774   4,529   214   227   3,215   2,758   4,049   3,872  
     Part-Time 1,487   1,591   99   102   1,014   1,057   1,248   1,367  
     Unemployed 668   659   58 175   481   405   546   506  
     Other3 3,939   4,347   568   621   2,687   2,761   3,416   3,930  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.15B Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 41.6 45.3   3.6   4.6   28.4   28.5   35.3 39.4  
AGE                
     18-25 26.9 30.5   3.2   3.2   16.2 20.0   21.1   23.4  
     26-49 47.8   48.9   3.5   4.7   33.4   31.3   41.0   42.3  
     50 or Older 42.9   52.7   4.3   5.7   29.7   31.1   37.6 49.1  
GENDER                
     Male 31.0 36.9   5.0   4.1   23.6   21.8   24.0 31.9  
     Female 47.9   50.0   2.8 4.8   31.1   32.2   42.0   43.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 43.5 47.6   3.5   4.3   29.3   29.9   37.3 41.6  
          White 46.3 50.9   2.5 4.0   31.0   32.1   40.0 45.2  
          Black or African American 34.1   35.7   9.0   8.0   22.4   24.0   26.9   26.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   0.2   *   8.1   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian *   *   *   0.1   *   8.8   *   *  
          Two or More Races *   *   *   1.5   *   *   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 27.9   30.4   3.9   6.4   21.4   19.3   21.4   24.9  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 36.8   39.2   6.4   8.2   19.7   21.8   30.0   33.7  
     High School Graduate 37.9   42.6   4.0   4.5   24.6   23.3   30.9 38.4  
     Some College 45.4   47.4   3.4   3.8   32.4   31.0   40.5   41.4  
     College Graduate 47.8   52.7   0.1 2.0   38.4   39.2   41.2   43.6  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 37.2   38.7   1.7   1.9   25.0   23.6   31.4   33.0  
     Part-Time 37.3   44.4   2.5   2.8   25.4   29.5   31.2   38.0  
     Unemployed 41.3   43.2   3.6 11.4   29.7   26.7   33.7   33.1  
     Other3 51.2   56.3   7.4   8.0   35.2   35.8   44.4   50.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.16A Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,868   11,126   940   1,124   7,396   6,981   9,259   9,675  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 1,740   2,081   142   242   1,324   1,445   1,489   1,720  
     Midwest 2,586   2,702   250   222   1,678   1,596   2,253   2,423  
     South 3,797   4,107   394   513   2,379   2,502   3,174   3,628  
     West 2,745   2,235   153   148   2,016 1,438   2,343   1,903  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 5,309   5,395   487   561   3,734   3,632   4,554   4,576  
     Small Metro 3,559   3,530   278   320   2,287   2,099   3,019   3,103  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2,411   2,294   148   247   1,530   1,340   2,074   2,023  
          < 250K Pop. 1,148   1,236   129   73   757   759   944   1,080  
     Nonmetro 2,001   2,200   175   244   1,375   1,249   1,686   1,996  
          Urbanized 797   916   93   154   526   568   714   798  
          Less Urbanized 998   1,155   78   85   724   599   817   1,076  
          Completely Rural *   *   *   5   *   *   *   *  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 3,059   3,503   500   632   1,984   2,247   2,507   2,985  
     $20,000 - $49,999 3,385   3,500   256   272   2,321   1,987   2,810   3,122  
     $50,000 - $74,999 2,173   2,035   *   138   1,514   1,381   1,912   1,809  
     $75,000 or More 2,251   2,087   91   82   1,577   1,366   2,029   1,759  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 2,534 3,264   449   529   1,559   1,988   2,210 2,892  
     No 8,334   7,862   491   595   5,837   4,993   7,049   6,783  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.16B Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 41.6 45.3   3.6   4.6   28.4   28.5   35.3 39.4  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 36.8 48.0   3.0   5.5   28.1   33.2   31.2 39.6  
     Midwest 43.1   46.4   4.2   3.8   27.9   27.5   37.5   41.5  
     South 39.9 46.6   4.1   5.8   25.0   28.4   33.3 41.1  
     West 46.7   40.2   2.6   2.6   34.3 25.9   39.7   34.1  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 38.5   43.6   3.5   4.5   27.1   29.3   32.8   36.9  
     Small Metro 44.1   46.1   3.4   4.2   28.5   27.5   37.4   40.5  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 43.4   46.4   2.7   5.0   27.6   27.1   37.2   40.8  
          < 250K Pop. 45.7   45.7   5.1   2.7   30.4   28.3   37.6   39.9  
     Nonmetro 46.8   48.9   4.1   5.4   32.2   27.8   39.4   44.2  
          Urbanized 47.6   50.1   5.5   8.4   31.4   31.1   42.6   43.5  
          Less Urbanized 46.6   50.2   3.6   3.7   33.9   26.0   38.1   46.7  
          Completely Rural *   *   *   1.3   *   *   *   *  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 39.1 46.8   6.4   8.4   25.5   30.0   32.0 39.8  
     $20,000 - $49,999 38.2   41.4   2.9   3.2   26.3   23.5   31.7   36.8  
     $50,000 - $74,999 46.5   49.3   *   3.3   32.4   33.5   40.4   43.9  
     $75,000 or More 47.0   46.6   1.9   1.8   32.9   30.5   42.4   39.3  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 44.5   48.8   7.9   7.9   27.4   29.7   38.6   43.2  
     No 40.8   44.1   2.4   3.3   28.6   28.0   34.4   37.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.17A Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1,861   2,201   212 350   1,089   1,195   *   655  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
3,642   3,719   571   661   2,429   2,072   *   987  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 1,902 1,438   244   203   1,343 831   *   404  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 934   616   80   89   468   325   *   202  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 192   169   39   40   53   70   *   *  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 39   47   14 47   25   *   *   *  
Some Other Place3 117   113   44   15   36   64   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.17B Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 25.2 31.6   20.3 29.1   23.4 30.8   *   34.9  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
49.3   53.5   54.5   55.1   52.1   53.4   *   52.6  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 25.7   20.7   23.4   16.9   28.8 21.4   *   21.5  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 12.6   8.9   7.7   7.4   10.0   8.4   *   10.8  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 2.6   2.4   3.7   3.3   1.1   1.8   *   *  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.5   0.7   1.3 4.0   0.5   *   *   *  
Some Other Place3 1.6   1.6   4.2   1.2   0.8   1.7   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.18A Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Self or Family Member Living in Household 2,388   2,240   412   447   1,724 1,177   *   616  
Family Member Not Living in Household 193   207   100   113   93   37   *   57  
Private Health Insurance 3,218   2,571   312   352   2,103 1,478   *   741  
Medicare 750   715   35   45   318   355   *   315  
Medicaid 778   1,108   116   142   491   657   *   309  
Rehabilitation Program 15   17   3   10   13   7   *   *  
Employer 710   586   67   40   454   405   *   141  
VA or Other Military Program 245   353   31   13   114   89   *   252  
Other Public Source 262   333   42   42   164   242   *   49  
Other Private Source 83   97   7 28   76   55   *   *  
Free Treatment 350   404   136   164   182   197   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.18B Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Psychological Distress Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Self or Family Member Living in Household 32.5   32.4   39.6   37.4   37.2   30.6   *   32.8  
Family Member Not Living in Household 2.6   3.0   9.6   9.4   2.0   1.0   *   3.0  
Private Health Insurance 43.7   37.2   30.1   29.5   45.4   38.4   *   39.5  
Medicare 10.2   10.3   3.4   3.8   6.9   9.2   *   16.8  
Medicaid 10.6 16.0   11.2   11.9   10.6 17.1   *   16.5  
Rehabilitation Program 0.2   0.2   0.3   0.8   0.3   0.2   *   *  
Employer 9.7   8.5   6.5   3.4   9.8   10.5   *   7.5  
VA or Other Military Program 3.3   5.1   3.0   1.1   2.5   2.3   *   13.4  
Other Public Source 3.6   4.8   4.0   3.5   3.5   6.3   *   2.6  
Other Private Source 1.1   1.4   0.7 2.4   1.6   1.4   *   *  
Free Treatment 4.8   5.8   13.1   13.7   3.9   5.1   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60710

Table  6.19A Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment and Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 6,450   6,593   3,109 3,772   3,329   2,789  
Cost/Insurance Barriers4 3,497   3,493   1,642   1,986   1,849   1,490  
Stigma5 1,922   1,548   730   817   1,193 728  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment/Could Handle the
   Problem Without Treatment6
1,846   1,947   939   1,036   902   900  
Treatment Would Not Help 620   710   289   396   331   314  
Did Not Have Time 949   933   471   468   478   463  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,115   1,354   494   745   620   607  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 683   765   412   429   271   331  
Other Access Barriers7 351   454   176   320   174   132  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment and SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Includes reasons of "Could not afford," "Health insurance does not pay enough," "Health insurance does not cover mental health treatment," and other-specify responses of "No health insurance."
5 Includes reasons of "Might cause neighbors/community to have negative opinion," "Might have negative effect on job," "Concerned about confidentiality," "Did not want others to find out," and other-specify responses of "Ashamed/embarrassed/afraid," "Concerned how court system would treat me," and "Concerned how it would affect future insurability."
6 Includes reasons of "Did not feel need for treatment," "Could handle problem without treatment," and other-specify responses of "Work on problems with family/friends" and "Work on problems through religion/spirituality."
7 Includes reasons of "No transportation/inconvenient" and other-specify responses of "Too much red tape/hassle to get services," "No openings/long waiting lists/delays," "Services unavailable/limited in area," "Attempted to get treatment but unsuccessful in finding help," and "Could not find program/counselor comfortable with."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60710

Table  6.19B Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment and Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
Cost/Insurance Barriers4 54.3   53.2   52.9   52.8   55.6   53.5  
Stigma5 29.8 23.6   23.5   21.7   35.8 26.2  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment/Could Handle the
   Problem Without Treatment6
28.7   29.6   30.3   27.6   27.1   32.3  
Treatment Would Not Help 9.6   10.8   9.3   10.5   9.9   11.3  
Did Not Have Time 14.7   14.2   15.2   12.4   14.4   16.6  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 17.3   20.6   15.9   19.8   18.6   21.8  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 10.6   11.6   13.3   11.4   8.2   11.9  
Other Access Barriers7 5.4   6.9   5.7   8.5   5.2   4.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment and SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Includes reasons of "Could not afford," "Health insurance does not pay enough," "Health insurance does not cover mental health treatment," and other-specify responses of "No health insurance."
5 Includes reasons of "Might cause neighbors/community to have negative opinion," "Might have negative effect on job," "Concerned about confidentiality," "Did not want others to find out," and other-specify responses of "Ashamed/embarrassed/afraid," "Concerned how court system would treat me," and "Concerned how it would affect future insurability."
6 Includes reasons of "Did not feel need for treatment," "Could handle problem without treatment," and other-specify responses of "Work on problems with family/friends" and "Work on problems through religion/spirituality."
7 Includes reasons of "No transportation/inconvenient" and other-specify responses of "Too much red tape/hassle to get services," "No openings/long waiting lists/delays," "Services unavailable/limited in area," "Attempted to get treatment but unsuccessful in finding help," and "Could not find program/counselor comfortable with."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60710

Table  6.20A Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment and Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 6,450   6,593   3,109 3,772   3,329   2,789
Could Not Afford Cost 3,107   3,084   1,418   1,685   1,683   1,382  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 810   578   250   305   560 272  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 648   463   337   271   311   191  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
330   412   134   213   196   199  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
669   815   427   555   242   259  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,115   1,354   494   745   620   607  
Concerned about Confidentiality 790   567   338   301   452   265  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 683   765   412   429   271   331  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 503   584   292   293   206   284  
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 1,697   1,723   801   929   891   783  
Treatment Would Not Help 620   710   289   396   331   314  
Did Not Have Time 949   933   471   468   478   463  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 471   521   238   248   233   273  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 191   293   65 210   127   81  
Some Other Reason4 581   627   345   394   236   234  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment and SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60710

Table  6.20B Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment and Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0
Could Not Afford Cost 48.2   46.9   45.7   44.8   50.6   49.6  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 12.6   8.8   8.1   8.1   16.8   9.8  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 10.1   7.0   10.8   7.2   9.3   6.9  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
5.1   6.3   4.3   5.7   5.9   7.1  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
10.4   12.4   13.8   14.8   7.3   9.3  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 17.3   20.6   15.9   19.8   18.6   21.8  
Concerned about Confidentiality 12.3   8.6   10.9   8.0   13.6   9.5  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 10.6   11.6   13.3   11.4   8.2   11.9  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 7.8   8.9   9.4   7.8   6.2   10.2  
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 26.3   26.2   25.8   24.7   26.8   28.1  
Treatment Would Not Help 9.6   10.8   9.3   10.5   9.9   11.3  
Did Not Have Time 14.7   14.2   15.2   12.4   14.4   16.6  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 7.3   7.9   7.7   6.6   7.0   9.8  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 3.0   4.5   2.1 5.6   3.8   2.9  
Some Other Reason4 9.0   9.5   11.1   10.5   7.1   8.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment and SPD, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.21A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older With Serious Psychological Distress and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Serious Psychological Distress/Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse1 Mental Health Treatment or Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3 Mental Health Treatment Only2 Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility Only3 Mental Health Treatment and Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
EITHER SPD OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 13,769   13,809   12,272   12,384   660   654   836   760  
     SPD4 11,134   11,407   10,297   10,553   266   282   571   572  
          SPD but not Dependence/Abuse4,5 8,447   8,955   8,252   8,761   43   68   151   127  
     Dependence/Abuse5 5,322   4,854   4,020   3,624   616   587   685   633  
          Dependence/Abuse but not SPD4,5 2,635   2,402   1,975   1,831   394   373   265   188  
     Both SPD and Dependence/Abuse4,5 2,687   2,452   2,045   1,793   222   214   420   446  
NEITHER SPD NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 15,599   15,453   14,801   14,751   593   429   205   270  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
4 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60502

Table  6.21B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older With Serious Psychological Distress and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Serious Psychological Distress/Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse1 Mental Health Treatment or Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3 Mental Health Treatment Only2 Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility Only3 Mental Health Treatment and Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility2,3
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
EITHER SPD OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 33.5   35.0   29.9   31.4   1.6   1.7   2.0   1.9  
     SPD4 42.6 46.5   39.4 43.0   1.0   1.1   2.2   2.3  
          SPD but not Dependence/Abuse4,5 41.9 46.4   40.9 45.4   0.2   0.3   0.7   0.7  
     Dependence/Abuse5 25.4   24.1   19.2   18.0   2.9   2.9   3.3   3.1  
          Dependence/Abuse but not SPD4,5 17.6   16.1   13.2   12.3   2.6   2.5   1.8   1.3  
     Both SPD and Dependence/Abuse4,5 45.0   47.0   34.3   34.3   3.7   4.1   7.0   8.5  
NEITHER SPD NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE4,5 9.0   8.7   8.5   8.3   0.3   0.2   0.1   0.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
4 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable with 2004 and earlier estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60501

Table  6.22A Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 27,502   28,166   1,917   2,129   15,226   14,856   22,638   23,305  
AGE                
     18-25 3,459   3,615   388   344   1,976   2,070   2,594   2,680  
     26-49 14,348   13,889   801   930   8,632 7,766   11,671   11,423  
     50 or Older 9,695   10,661   728   855   4,619   5,019   8,373   9,202  
GENDER                
     Male 9,044   9,308   918   931   5,208   4,812   7,139   7,369  
     Female 18,458   18,858   999   1,197   10,018   10,044   15,499   15,935  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 25,523   25,999   1,523   1,727   14,151   13,672   21,185   21,714  
          White 22,512   22,890   980   1,268   12,452   11,904   18,998   19,435  
          Black or African American 2,052   2,193   414   418   1,120   1,268   1,480   1,518  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 143   169   11   3   68   66   105   156  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   1   2   *   12   *   *  
          Asian 422   365   99   26   241   216   318   264  
          Two or More Races 335   317   18   9   216   205   250   286  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,979   2,166   393   402   1,075   1,184   1,453   1,591  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 4,134   3,868   639   775   1,927   1,837   3,227   3,073  
     High School Graduate 7,783   7,951   801   712   4,003   3,472   6,641   7,061  
     Some College 8,067   7,992   376   434   4,466   4,398   6,865   6,739  
     College Graduate 7,518   8,354   100   208   4,829   5,149   5,904   6,432  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 12,632   12,579   514   457   6,855   6,638   10,152   10,086  
     Part-Time 4,081   4,229   199   220   2,537   2,286   3,192   3,402  
     Unemployed 1,301   1,317   120   224   743   699   1,117   1,066  
     Other3 9,488   10,041   1,083   1,227   5,092   5,234   8,177   8,750  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60501

Table  6.22B Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.8   13.0   0.9   1.0   7.1   6.8   10.5   10.7  
AGE                
     18-25 10.8   11.2   1.2   1.1   6.2   6.4   8.1   8.3  
     26-49 14.4   13.9   0.8   0.9   8.6 7.8   11.7   11.4  
     50 or Older 11.7   12.5   0.9   1.0   5.6   5.9   10.1   10.8  
GENDER                
     Male 8.8   8.9   0.9   0.9   5.0   4.6   6.9   7.0  
     Female 16.6   16.8   0.9   1.1   9.0   8.9   13.9   14.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6   13.7   0.8   0.9   7.5   7.2   11.2   11.4  
          White 14.9   15.1   0.6   0.8   8.2   7.8   12.5   12.8  
          Black or African American 8.5   8.9   1.7   1.7   4.6   5.1   6.1   6.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 12.6   15.4   1.0   0.3   6.1   6.0   9.2   14.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   0.1   0.3   *   2.0   *   *  
          Asian 4.7   4.0   1.1   0.3   2.7   2.4   3.6   2.9  
          Two or More Races 15.8   14.4   0.9   0.4   10.2   9.3   11.8   13.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 7.4   7.8   1.5   1.4   4.0   4.3   5.4   5.7  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 11.3   10.9   1.8   2.2   5.3   5.2   8.9   8.6  
     High School Graduate 11.5   11.6   1.2   1.0   5.9   5.1   9.8   10.3  
     Some College 14.8   14.5   0.7   0.8   8.2   8.0   12.5   12.2  
     College Graduate 13.5   14.3   0.2   0.4   8.6   8.8   10.6   11.0  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 10.6   10.5   0.4   0.4   5.8   5.5   8.5   8.4  
     Part-Time 14.8   14.9   0.7   0.8   9.2   8.1   11.6   12.0  
     Unemployed 17.7   17.4   1.6   3.0   10.1   9.2   15.2   14.1  
     Other3 15.5   16.4   1.8   2.0   8.3   8.6   13.3   14.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.23A Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 27,502   28,166   1,917   2,129   15,226   14,856   22,638   23,305  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 5,397   5,709   287   318   3,323   3,311   4,386   4,546  
     Midwest 6,577   6,790   455   371   3,651   3,341   5,399   5,803  
     South 9,364   9,976   883   998   4,734   5,026   7,831   8,493  
     West 6,164   5,690   291   442   3,518   3,179   5,023   4,462  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 13,826   14,129   1,004   1,111   7,910   8,091   11,147   11,100  
     Small Metro 9,046   8,809   595   602   4,964 4,277   7,536   7,608  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 5,943   5,862   356   368   3,244   2,790   4,879   5,045  
          < 250K Pop. 3,103   2,947   240   234   1,721   1,487   2,657   2,563  
     Nonmetro 4,629   5,228   318   416   2,351   2,487   3,955 4,597  
          Urbanized 2,034   2,155   173   202   1,077   1,213   1,731   1,817  
          Less Urbanized 2,207   2,524   132   174   1,135   1,030   1,891   2,284  
          Completely Rural 388   549   12   40   139   244   333   496  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 6,711   6,971   973   1,117   3,820   3,939   5,404   5,701  
     $20,000 - $49,999 9,031   8,499   597   601   4,939 3,990   7,569   7,352  
     $50,000 - $74,999 4,943   5,271   220   221   2,815   2,994   4,246   4,437  
     $75,000 or More 6,817   7,424   127   190   3,652   3,933   5,419   5,815  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 5,778   6,339   814   1,044   3,240   3,407   4,895   5,471  
     No 21,723   21,827   1,103   1,085   11,986   11,449   17,743   17,833  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.23B Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12.8   13.0   0.9   1.0   7.1   6.8   10.5   10.7  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 13.2   13.9   0.7   0.8   8.1   8.1   10.7   11.1  
     Midwest 13.6   13.9   0.9   0.8   7.5   6.9   11.1   11.9  
     South 12.2   12.7   1.1   1.3   6.2   6.4   10.2   10.8  
     West 12.7   11.6   0.6   0.9   7.2   6.5   10.3   9.1  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 12.1   12.1   0.9   0.9   6.9   6.9   9.7   9.5  
     Small Metro 14.2   13.8   0.9   0.9   7.8 6.7   11.8   11.9  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 14.2   13.8   0.8   0.9   7.7 6.6   11.6   11.9  
          < 250K Pop. 14.2   13.7   1.1   1.1   7.9   6.9   12.1   11.9  
     Nonmetro 12.8   14.4   0.9   1.1   6.5   6.9   10.9 12.7  
          Urbanized 13.6   15.7   1.2   1.5   7.2   8.8   11.5   13.2  
          Less Urbanized 12.2   13.8   0.7   1.0   6.3   5.7   10.4   12.5  
          Completely Rural 12.2   12.9   0.4   0.9   4.4   5.7   10.4   11.6  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 15.6   16.7   2.3   2.7   8.9   9.5   12.6   13.7  
     $20,000 - $49,999 11.6   11.3   0.8   0.8   6.3 5.3   9.7   9.7  
     $50,000 - $74,999 12.9   13.4   0.6   0.6   7.4   7.6   11.1   11.3  
     $75,000 or More 12.2   12.2   0.2   0.3   6.5   6.5   9.7   9.6  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 18.8   20.1   2.6   3.3   10.5   10.8   15.9   17.3  
     No 11.8   11.8   0.6   0.6   6.5   6.2   9.6   9.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.24A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 29,506   29,999   5,916   5,566   23,504   24,308  
     Marijuana and Hashish 21,796   21,991   4,010   3,679   17,739   18,212  
     Cocaine 5,247   5,099   1,140   1,150   4,104   3,877  
          Crack 1,241   1,327   398   422   841   903  
     Heroin 350   343   126   134   223   199  
     Hallucinogens 3,125   3,144   596   581   2,518   2,549  
          LSD 434   413   77   76   351   333  
          PCP 138 79   24   31   113 48  
          Ecstasy 1,605   1,703   287   307   1,311   1,389  
     Inhalants 1,087   1,043   281   252   806   789  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 12,418   13,068   3,047   2,908   9,321   10,105  
          Pain Relievers 9,391   10,074   2,178   2,072   7,190 7,950  
               OxyContin® 1,019   1,039   305   321   712   708  
          Tranquilizers 4,536   4,752   1,514   1,308   3,014   3,414  
          Stimulants 2,423   2,268   637   617   1,782   1,648  
               Methamphetamine 1,277   1,127   357   311   918   815  
          Sedatives 604   632   240   217   338   415  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 16,389   16,980   3,771   3,637   12,563   13,237  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year use for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.24B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 13.7   13.8   21.5   19.8   12.5   12.9  
     Marijuana and Hashish 10.1   10.1   14.6   13.1   9.5   9.6  
     Cocaine 2.4   2.3   4.1   4.1   2.2   2.1  
          Crack 0.6   0.6   1.4   1.5   0.4   0.5  
     Heroin 0.2   0.2   0.5   0.5   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 1.5   1.4   2.2   2.1   1.3   1.3  
          LSD 0.2   0.2   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.2  
          PCP 0.1 0.0   0.1   0.1   0.1 0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.7   0.8   1.0   1.1   0.7   0.7  
     Inhalants 0.5   0.5   1.0   0.9   0.4   0.4  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 5.8   6.0   11.1   10.3   5.0   5.3  
          Pain Relievers 4.4   4.6   7.9   7.4   3.8   4.2  
               OxyContin® 0.5   0.5   1.1   1.1   0.4   0.4  
          Tranquilizers 2.1   2.2   5.5   4.6   1.6   1.8  
          Stimulants 1.1   1.0   2.3   2.2   1.0   0.9  
               Methamphetamine 0.6   0.5   1.3   1.1   0.5   0.4  
          Sedatives 0.3   0.3   0.9   0.8   0.2   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7.6   7.8   13.7   12.9   6.7   7.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year use for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.25A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products3 77,504   79,593   11,594   12,453   65,727   66,904  
          Cigarettes 65,264   66,446   10,423 11,400   54,677   54,829  
          Smokeless Tobacco 8,672   9,338   992   918   7,665   8,383  
          Cigars 23,405   24,423   2,965   2,923   20,374   21,457  
          Pipe Tobacco4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 148,149 153,172   19,668   20,056   128,252 132,774  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products3 66,622   68,195   10,009   10,863   56,443   57,113  
          Cigarettes 56,897   57,799   9,151 10,083   47,592   47,514  
          Smokeless Tobacco 6,583   7,158   731   666   5,842   6,465  
          Cigars 12,526   12,576   1,413   1,460   11,073   11,098  
          Pipe Tobacco 1,657   2,032   239   313   1,412   1,713  
     Alcohol 116,498 121,837   15,479   15,685   100,829 105,886  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 51,931   52,577   6,579   6,292   45,283   46,133  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 16,018   15,424   2,068   1,952   13,920   13,446  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year and past month use for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
4 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
5 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.25B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products3 36.0   36.5   42.2   44.2   35.1   35.4  
          Cigarettes 30.3   30.5   37.9   40.5   29.2   29.0  
          Smokeless Tobacco 4.0   4.3   3.6   3.3   4.1   4.4  
          Cigars 10.9   11.2   10.8   10.4   10.9   11.3  
          Pipe Tobacco4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 68.8 70.3   71.5   71.2   68.5 70.2  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products3 30.9   31.3   36.4   38.6   30.1   30.2  
          Cigarettes 26.4   26.5   33.3   35.8   25.4   25.1  
          Smokeless Tobacco 3.1   3.3   2.7   2.4   3.1   3.4  
          Cigars 5.8   5.8   5.1   5.2   5.9   5.9  
          Pipe Tobacco 0.8   0.9   0.9   1.1   0.8   0.9  
     Alcohol 54.1 55.9   56.3   55.7   53.8 56.0  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 24.1   24.1   23.9   22.3   24.2   24.4  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 7.4   7.1   7.5   6.9   7.4   7.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year and past month use for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
4 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
5 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.26A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 20,278   20,180   4,549   4,257   15,684   15,863  
          Illicit Drugs4 5,951   5,647   1,737   1,497   4,194   4,115  
          Alcohol 17,137   17,251   3,630   3,465   13,475   13,733  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 10,719   10,290   2,970   2,678   7,732   7,583  
          Illicit Drugs4 4,115   4,040   1,339   1,170   2,770   2,847  
          Alcohol 7,821   7,424   2,112   1,917   5,699   5,495  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60427

Table  6.26B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 9.4   9.3   16.5   15.1   8.4   8.4  
          Illicit Drugs4 2.8   2.6   6.3   5.3   2.2   2.2  
          Alcohol 8.0   7.9   13.2   12.3   7.2   7.3  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 5.0   4.7   10.8   9.5   4.1   4.0  
          Illicit Drugs4 1.9   1.9   4.9   4.2   1.5   1.5  
          Alcohol 3.6   3.4   7.7   6.8   3.0   2.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.27A Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 3,268   3,612   428   519   1,851   1,912   989   1,181  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
7,839   8,038   1,085   1,157   4,861   4,392   1,893 2,489  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 3,752 3,159   350   317   2,049 1,642   1,353   1,201  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1,195   1,126   163   137   536   524   495   465  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 293   311   55   61   139   109   99   141  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 84   93   50   77   33   16   *   *  
Some Other Place3 327 144   47   31   100   68   181 45  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.27B Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 21.6   24.5   21.9   25.2   21.5   24.6   21.5   23.9  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker,
   or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
51.7   54.4   55.5   56.2   56.5   56.6   41.1 50.3  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 24.8 21.4   17.9   15.4   23.8   21.2   29.4   24.3  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 7.9   7.6   8.4   6.7   6.2   6.8   10.8   9.4  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.9   2.1   2.8   3.0   1.6   1.4   2.2   2.9  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.6   0.6   2.6   3.8   0.4   0.2   *   *  
Some Other Place3 2.2 1.0   2.4   1.5   1.2   0.9   3.9 0.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.28A Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Self or Family Member Living in Household 5,146   4,926   774   772   3,215 2,523   1,157 1,632  
Family Member Not Living in Household 320   343   143   164   145   76   32   103  
Private Health Insurance 6,255   5,884   629   609   3,903 3,142   1,723   2,133  
Medicare 1,563   1,654   90   103   582   578   891   973  
Medicaid 1,595   1,668   181   212   902   1,016   512   441  
Rehabilitation Program 49   55   8   23   40   32   *   *  
Employer 1,563   1,369   103   74   927   985   533   309  
VA or Other Military Program 609   736   37   24   194   204   378   508  
Other Public Source 512   558   81   67   260   375   171   117  
Other Private Source 127   193   30   47   83   82   14   64  
Free Treatment 743   823   266   281   346   382   131   161  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.28B Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Payment1 Total AGE GROUP
18-25 26-49 50 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Self or Family Member Living in Household 34.0   33.4   39.8   37.7   37.5 32.7   25.1   32.7  
Family Member Not Living in Household 2.1   2.3   7.3   8.0   1.7   1.0   0.7   2.1  
Private Health Insurance 41.3   39.9   32.4   29.7   45.5   40.7   37.3   42.8  
Medicare 10.3   11.2   4.6   5.0   6.8   7.5   19.3   19.5  
Medicaid 10.5   11.3   9.3   10.3   10.5   13.2   11.1   8.8  
Rehabilitation Program 0.3   0.4   0.4   1.1   0.5   0.4   *   *  
Employer 10.3   9.3   5.3   3.6   10.8   12.8   11.5   6.2  
VA or Other Military Program 4.0   5.0   1.9   1.2   2.3   2.6   8.2   10.2  
Other Public Source 3.4   3.8   4.2   3.3   3.0 4.9   3.7   2.3  
Other Private Source 0.8   1.3   1.5   2.3   1.0   1.1   0.3   1.3  
Free Treatment 4.9   5.6   13.7   13.7   4.0   4.9   2.8   3.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.29A Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,902   11,170   5,227   5,468   5,649   5,655  
AGE            
     18-25 2,614   2,688   1,144   1,057   1,460   1,612  
     26-49 6,564   6,049   3,180   3,023   3,370   3,002  
     50 or Older 1,724 2,432   903 1,388   819   1,041  
GENDER            
     Male 3,908   3,875   1,623   1,643   2,278   2,219  
     Female 6,993   7,295   3,604   3,825   3,371   3,436  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9,810   9,908   4,823   5,001   4,962   4,865  
          White 8,179   8,026   4,179   4,215   3,979   3,778  
          Black or African American 1,190   1,371   470   531   716   832  
          Other or Two or More Races 441   511   174   255   267   255  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,091   1,261   404   467   687   790  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 1,866   1,871   879   781   984   1,084  
     High School Graduate 3,111   2,731   1,498   1,379   1,608   1,327  
     Some College 3,263   3,234   1,659   1,619   1,601   1,606  
     College Graduate 2,661 3,333   1,191 1,690   1,455   1,638  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 5,620   5,518   2,194   2,384   3,409   3,108  
     Part-Time 1,822   1,829   896   866   923   948  
     Unemployed 661   817   347   452   312   364  
     Other3 2,798   3,005   1,790   1,766   1,005   1,236  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.29B Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.1   5.1   19.1   19.4   3.0   3.0  
AGE            
     18-25 8.1   8.3   33.3 29.3   5.1   5.6  
     26-49 6.6   6.1   22.3   21.8   3.9   3.5  
     50 or Older 2.1 2.9   9.3   13.0   1.1   1.4  
GENDER            
     Male 3.8   3.7   18.1   17.7   2.4   2.3  
     Female 6.3   6.5   19.6   20.3   3.6   3.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.2   5.2   18.9   19.2   3.1   3.0  
          White 5.4   5.3   18.6   18.4   3.1   2.9  
          Black or African American 4.9   5.6   22.9   24.2   3.2   3.7  
          Other or Two or More Races 3.5   3.9   18.3   27.9   2.3   2.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 4.1   4.6   20.9   21.6   2.8   3.1  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 5.1   5.3   21.5   20.2   3.1   3.4  
     High School Graduate 4.6   4.0   19.3   17.3   2.7   2.2  
     Some College 6.0   5.9   20.6   20.3   3.4   3.4  
     College Graduate 4.8   5.7   15.9 20.2   3.0   3.3  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 4.7   4.6   17.4   19.0   3.2   2.9  
     Part-Time 6.6   6.5   22.0   20.5   3.9   3.9  
     Unemployed 9.0   10.8   26.7   34.3   5.2   5.8  
     Other3 4.6   4.9   19.0   17.6   1.9   2.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.30A Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,902   11,170   5,227   5,468   5,649   5,655  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
     Northeast 2,000   1,912   805   835   1,194   1,077  
     Midwest 2,692   2,587   1,409   1,408   1,282   1,165  
     South 3,852   3,953   1,870   2,037   1,964   1,898  
     West 2,358   2,718   1,142   1,189   1,209   1,515  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 5,649   5,873   2,534   2,668   3,112   3,190  
     Small Metro 3,562   3,514   1,834   1,788   1,710   1,706  
     Nonmetro 1,691   1,783   859   1,012   827   758  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 3,168   3,283   1,599   1,705   1,560   1,559  
     $20,000 - $49,999 3,941   3,789   1,877   1,738   2,062   2,028  
     $50,000 - $74,999 1,662   1,817   728   912   930   900  
     $75,000 or More 2,131   2,280   1,022   1,113   1,096   1,167  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
     Yes 2,566   2,748   1,533   1,569   1,026   1,171  
     No 8,336   8,422   3,694   3,899   4,623   4,484  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.30B Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5.1   5.1   19.1   19.4   3.0   3.0  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
     Northeast 4.9   4.7   14.9   14.6   3.4   3.1  
     Midwest 5.6   5.3   21.5   20.7   3.1   2.8  
     South 5.0   5.0   20.0   20.4   2.9   2.8  
     West 4.9   5.5   18.7   20.9   2.9   3.5  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 4.9   5.0   18.4   18.9   3.1   3.1  
     Small Metro 5.6   5.5   20.3   20.3   3.1   3.1  
     Nonmetro 4.7   4.9   18.6   19.4   2.6   2.4  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 7.4   7.9   24.0   24.5   4.3   4.5  
     $20,000 - $49,999 5.1   5.0   20.9   20.5   3.0   3.0  
     $50,000 - $74,999 4.3   4.6   14.7   17.3   2.8   2.6  
     $75,000 or More 3.8   3.8   15.0   15.0   2.2   2.2  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
     Yes 8.3   8.7   26.6   24.8   4.1   4.6  
     No 4.5   4.5   17.1   17.9   2.9   2.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.31A Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 10,902   11,170   5,227   5,468   5,649   5,655  
Cost/Insurance Barriers4 5,207   5,286   2,587   2,693   2,608   2,573  
Stigma5 2,560   2,345   1,130   1,050   1,424   1,285  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment/Could Handle the
   Problem Without Treatment6
3,639   3,521   1,545   1,485   2,076   2,020  
Treatment Would Not Help 1,142   1,045   480   561   660   484  
Did Not Have Time 1,620   1,488   726   694   892   791  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,819   2,057   713 1,032   1,102   1,018  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 826   934   415   483   409   446  
Other Access Barriers7 532   559   323   377   209   180  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Includes reasons of "Could not afford," "Health insurance does not pay enough," "Health insurance does not cover mental health treatment," and other-specify responses of "No health insurance."
5 Includes reasons of "Might cause neighbors/community to have negative opinion," "Might have negative effect on job," "Concerned about confidentiality," "Did not want others to find out," and other-specify responses of "Ashamed/embarrassed/afraid," "Concerned how court system would treat me," and "Concerned how it would affect future insurability."
6 Includes reasons of "Did not feel need for treatment," "Could handle problem without treatment," and other-specify responses of "Work on problems with family/friends" and "Work on problems through religion/spirituality."
7 Includes reasons of "No transportation/inconvenient" and other-specify responses of "Too much red tape/hassle to get services," "No openings/long waiting lists/delays," "Services unavailable/limited in area," "Attempted to get treatment but unsuccessful in finding help," and "Could not find program/counselor comfortable with."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.31B Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
Cost/Insurance Barriers4 48.5   48.3   49.9   49.8   47.2   46.8  
Stigma5 23.8   21.4   21.8   19.4   25.8   23.4  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment/Could Handle the
   Problem Without Treatment6
33.9   32.2   29.8   27.5   37.6   36.7  
Treatment Would Not Help 10.6   9.5   9.2   10.4   11.9   8.8  
Did Not Have Time 15.1   13.6   14.0   12.8   16.1   14.4  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 16.9   18.8   13.8 19.1   19.9   18.5  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 7.7   8.5   8.0   8.9   7.4   8.1  
Other Access Barriers7 5.0   5.1   6.2   7.0   3.8   3.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Includes reasons of "Could not afford," "Health insurance does not pay enough," "Health insurance does not cover mental health treatment," and other-specify responses of "No health insurance."
5 Includes reasons of "Might cause neighbors/community to have negative opinion," "Might have negative effect on job," "Concerned about confidentiality," "Did not want others to find out," and other-specify responses of "Ashamed/embarrassed/afraid," "Concerned how court system would treat me," and "Concerned how it would affect future insurability."
6 Includes reasons of "Did not feel need for treatment," "Could handle problem without treatment," and other-specify responses of "Work on problems with family/friends" and "Work on problems through religion/spirituality."
7 Includes reasons of "No transportation/inconvenient" and other-specify responses of "Too much red tape/hassle to get services," "No openings/long waiting lists/delays," "Services unavailable/limited in area," "Attempted to get treatment but unsuccessful in finding help," and "Could not find program/counselor comfortable with."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.32A Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 10,902   11,170   5,227   5,468   5,649   5,655  
Could Not Afford Cost 4,512   4,655   2,152   2,279   2,348   2,356  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 1,006   881   448   415   554   464  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 785   733   403   344   378   386  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
593   692   320   376   271   316  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
1,126   1,314   699   812   424   501  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1,819   2,057   713 1,032   1,102   1,018  
Concerned about Confidentiality 1,060   857   475   370   583   477  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 826   934   415   483   409   446  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 893   1,022   403   441   485   574  
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 3,340   2,984   1,395   1,308   1,928   1,660  
Treatment Would Not Help 1,142   1,045   480   561   660   484  
Did Not Have Time 1,620   1,488   726   694   892   791  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 715   702   302   302   411   400  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 332   350   184   241   149   107  
Some Other Reason4 822   885   500   456   320   429  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.32B Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Reason Did Not Receive Treatment/Counseling1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
Could Not Afford Cost 42.0   42.5   41.5   42.1   42.5   42.9  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 9.4   8.0   8.6   7.7   10.0   8.4  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 7.3   6.7   7.8   6.4   6.8   7.0  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
5.5   6.3   6.2   7.0   4.9   5.7  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough Mental Health
   Treatment/Counseling
10.5   12.0   13.5   15.0   7.7   9.1  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 16.9   18.8   13.8 19.1   19.9   18.5  
Concerned about Confidentiality 9.9   7.8   9.2   6.8   10.5   8.7  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take Medicine 7.7   8.5   8.0   8.9   7.4   8.1  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 8.3   9.3   7.8   8.1   8.8   10.4  
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 31.1 27.3   26.9   24.2   34.9   30.2  
Treatment Would Not Help 10.6   9.5   9.2   10.4   11.9   8.8  
Did Not Have Time 15.1   13.6   14.0   12.8   16.1   14.4  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 6.7   6.4   5.8   5.6   7.4   7.3  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 3.1   3.2   3.5   4.5   2.7   2.0  
Some Other Reason4 7.7   8.1   9.6   8.4   5.8   7.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.33A Substance Use and Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of and Perceived Need for Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Dependence or Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
Unmet Need No Unmet Need Unmet Need No Unmet Need
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 29,506   29,999   1,828   1,696   4,087   3,869   2,041   1,911   21,433   22,376  
     Marijuana and Hashish 21,796   21,991   1,287   1,111   2,722   2,566   1,621   1,440   16,096   16,753  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 12,418   13,068   1,071   958   1,977   1,950   948   977   8,353   9,110  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 16,389   16,980   1,321   1,188   2,450   2,449   1,153   1,217   11,390   12,002  
CIGARETTES 65,264   66,446   2,637   2,602   7,759 8,793   2,750   2,584   51,875   52,176  
ALCOHOL 148,149 153,172   4,086   4,111   15,548   15,937   4,606   4,421   123,537 128,278  
ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3,5 20,278   20,180   1,494   1,509   3,036   2,745   1,718   1,520   13,954   14,325  
     Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse3,5 5,951   5,647   720   678   1,016   817   762   688   3,422   3,417  
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse5 17,137   17,251   1,151   1,129   2,461   2,333   1,350   1,156   12,114   12,569  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent substance use and substance dependence or abuse in the past year for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling or unmet need information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module. Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or unmet need information were excluded.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.33B Substance Use and Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of and Perceived Need for Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Dependence or Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
Unmet Need No Unmet Need Unmet Need No Unmet Need
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 13.7   13.8   35.0   31.0   18.4   17.1   36.1   33.8   11.8   12.2  
     Marijuana and Hashish 10.1   10.1   24.6   20.3   12.3   11.3   28.7   25.5   8.9   9.1  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 5.8   6.0   20.5   17.5   8.9   8.6   16.8   17.3   4.6   5.0  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7.6   7.8   25.3   21.7   11.0   10.8   20.4   21.5   6.3   6.5  
CIGARETTES 30.3   30.5   50.5   47.6   35.0 38.8   48.7   45.7   28.6   28.5  
ALCOHOL 68.8 70.3   78.2   75.2   70.1   70.2   81.5   78.2   68.1 70.0  
ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3,5 9.4   9.3   28.6   27.6   13.7   12.1   30.4   26.9   7.7   7.8  
     Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse3,5 2.8   2.6   13.8   12.4   4.6   3.6   13.5   12.2   1.9   1.9  
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse5 8.0   7.9   22.0   20.6   11.1   10.3   23.9   20.4   6.7   6.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent substance use and substance dependence or abuse in the past year for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling or unmet need information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module. Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or unmet need information were excluded.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.34A Substance Use and Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Perceived Need for Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Dependence or Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Unmet Need No Unmet Need
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 29,506   29,999   3,876   3,620   25,589   26,298  
     Marijuana and Hashish 21,796   21,991   2,914   2,561   18,852   19,369  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 12,418   13,068   2,021   1,945   10,373   11,071  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 16,389   16,980   2,477   2,416   13,887   14,496  
CIGARETTES 65,264   66,446   5,391   5,208   59,728   61,035  
ALCOHOL 148,149 153,172   8,702   8,559   139,235 144,404  
ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3,5 20,278   20,180   3,222   3,039   17,022   17,084  
     Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse3,5 5,951   5,647   1,484   1,371   4,454   4,240  
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse5 17,137   17,251   2,508   2,295   14,597   14,913  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent substance use and substance dependence or abuse in the past year for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown unmet need information.
2 Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.34B Substance Use and Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Perceived Need for Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Dependence or Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Unmet Need No Unmet Need
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 13.7   13.8   35.6   32.4   12.5   12.7  
     Marijuana and Hashish 10.1   10.1   26.7 22.9   9.2   9.4  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 5.8   6.0   18.5   17.4   5.1   5.4  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7.6   7.8   22.7   21.6   6.8   7.0  
CIGARETTES 30.3   30.5   49.5   46.6   29.3   29.6  
ALCOHOL 68.8 70.3   79.8   76.6   68.3 70.0  
ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3,5 9.4   9.3   29.6   27.2   8.3   8.3  
     Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse3,5 2.8   2.6   13.6   12.3   2.2   2.1  
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse5 8.0   7.9   23.0   20.6   7.2   7.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent substance use and substance dependence or abuse in the past year for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown unmet need information.
2 Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.35A Receipt and Source of Alternative Mental Health Treatment/Support in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Receipt/Source of Alternative Treatment/Support Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT/SUPPORT            
     Received 20,627   20,253   7,840   7,339   12,664   12,778  
     Not Received 194,119 197,129   19,530   20,757   174,399   176,122  
SOURCE OF ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT/SUPPORT3,4            
     Acupuncturist/Acupressurist 1,589   1,654   734   692   855   947  
     Chiropractor 7,444   7,821   2,337   1,990   5,087   5,819  
     Herbalist 942   973   340   388   602   577  
     In-Person Support Group or Self-Help Group 2,646   2,825   1,679   1,770   959   1,048  
     Internet Support Group or Chat Room 798   722   373   407   426   313  
     Spiritual or Religious Advisor, Such as a Pastor, Priest, Rabbi 5,493   5,250   2,273   2,231   3,132   2,953  
     Telephone Hotline 370   446   225   320   141   120  
     Massage Therapist 7,056   6,868   2,329   2,199   4,726   4,655  
     Other 1,626   1,439   1,072   844   527   531  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Alternative Mental Health Treatment/Support is defined as having received treatment, counseling, or support in the past year from alternative sources, such as an acupuncturist or acupressurist, chiropractor, herbalist, self-help group, Internet support group, spiritual/religious advisor, telephone hotline, or massage therapist. Respondents with unknown alternative treatment/support information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older who reported on the receipt and source of their alternative mental health treatment/support in the past year, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Respondents who reported receiving past year alternative mental health treatment/support but did not report one of these specific sources of treatment/support were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60428

Table  6.35B Receipt and Source of Alternative Mental Health Treatment/Support in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Receipt/Source of Alternative Treatment/Support Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT/SUPPORT            
     Received 9.6   9.3   28.6   26.1   6.8   6.8  
     Not Received 90.4   90.7   71.4   73.9   93.2   93.2  
SOURCE OF ALTERNATIVE TREATMENT/SUPPORT3,4            
     Acupuncturist/Acupressurist 7.8   8.3   9.5   9.5   6.8   7.5  
     Chiropractor 36.4   39.1   30.2   27.5   40.4 46.2  
     Herbalist 4.6   4.9   4.4   5.4   4.8   4.6  
     In-Person Support Group or Self-Help Group 12.9   14.1   21.7   24.4   7.6   8.3  
     Internet Support Group or Chat Room 3.9   3.6   4.8   5.6   3.4   2.5  
     Spiritual or Religious Advisor, Such as a Pastor, Priest, Rabbi 26.8   26.3   29.3   30.8   24.9   23.4  
     Telephone Hotline 1.8   2.2   2.9   4.4   1.1   1.0  
     Massage Therapist 34.5   34.4   30.1   30.3   37.5   36.9  
     Other 8.0   7.2   13.8   11.6   4.2   4.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Alternative Mental Health Treatment/Support is defined as having received treatment, counseling, or support in the past year from alternative sources, such as an acupuncturist or acupressurist, chiropractor, herbalist, self-help group, Internet support group, spiritual/religious advisor, telephone hotline, or massage therapist. Respondents with unknown alternative treatment/support information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older who reported on the receipt and source of their alternative mental health treatment/support in the past year, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Respondents who reported receiving past year alternative mental health treatment/support but did not report one of these specific sources of treatment/support were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.36A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,660   5,503   1,855   1,762   2,011   2,054   1,794   1,688  
GENDER                
     Male 2,582   2,581   933   879   948   949   702   753  
     Female 3,077   2,922   922   883   1,063   1,105   1,092 935  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,742   4,600   1,574   1,451   1,639   1,722   1,529   1,427  
          White 3,569   3,351   1,145 1,020   1,264   1,226   1,160   1,104  
          Black or African American 895   931   320   339   292   360   283   232  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 40   31   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 95   139   39   39   23   *   32   35  
          Two or More Races 126   129   49   40   39   53   38   36  
     Hispanic or Latino 917   903   280   311   372   332   265   261  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.36B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 22.5   21.8   22.3   21.5   23.3   23.7   22.0 20.1  
GENDER                
     Male 20.1   20.0   22.1   21.3   21.4   21.5   16.8   17.3  
     Female 25.0   23.6   22.4   21.8   25.3   25.9   27.3 23.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22.7   22.0   22.9   21.8   22.7   23.9   22.3 20.3  
          White 23.1 21.8   23.0   20.9   23.7   23.2   22.5   21.3  
          Black or African American 23.6   24.2   24.2   27.3   22.8   27.1   24.0 18.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 24.6   19.2   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.5   13.2   12.2   12.3   6.3   *   10.7   9.4  
          Two or More Races 28.7   32.6   28.6   26.6   29.5   38.0   28.0   34.1  
     Hispanic or Latino 21.8   20.7   19.1   20.3   26.0   22.8   20.1   18.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.37A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,660   5,503   1,855   1,762   2,011   2,054   1,794   1,688  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 1,111   1,064   358   326   395   394   358   345  
     Midwest 1,274   1,282   420   393   433   470   422   420  
     South 1,895   1,877   636   646   669   683   589   547  
     West 1,380   1,281   440   398   514   507   425   376  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 3,000   3,064   994   958   1,083   1,161   923   944  
     Small Metro 1,800 1,527   597   520   627 534   577 473  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,157 1,016   376   338   432   356   349   322  
          < 250K Pop. 643 511   221   182   195   177   228 152  
     Nonmetro 860   913   264   283   301   359   295   271  
          Urbanized 350   381   108   113   121   148   120   121  
          Less Urbanized 429   433   132   138   148   172   148   123  
          Completely Rural 82   99   23   33   32   39   *   27  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 1,213   1,133   412   371   431   450   371   312  
     $20,000 - $49,999 1,994   1,845   657   614   718   685   619   546  
     $50,000 - $74,999 1,012   977   339   289   356   366   318   322  
     $75,000 or More 1,440   1,548   447   488   506   553   487   508  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
     Yes 1,326   1,394   482   461   451 549   393   384  
     No 4,334   4,109   1,373   1,301   1,560   1,505   1,401   1,304  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.37B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 22.5   21.8   22.3   21.5   23.3   23.7   22.0 20.1  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 24.6   23.5   24.0   22.3   25.3   24.8   24.4   23.3  
     Midwest 22.5   22.7   22.3   21.7   22.7   24.8   22.4   21.6  
     South 21.1   20.8   21.2   22.1   21.8   22.4   20.3   17.9  
     West 23.1   21.2   22.4   19.9   24.5   23.6   22.2   19.7  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 22.6   22.5   22.0   21.7   23.7   24.7   21.8   21.1  
     Small Metro 23.6 20.5   23.8   21.2   24.1   21.2   22.8 19.2  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 22.7 20.0   23.1   20.2   24.1   20.6   20.9   19.2  
          < 250K Pop. 25.3 21.7   25.0   23.4   24.3   22.7   26.7 19.2  
     Nonmetro 20.4   21.6   20.1   21.6   20.3 24.7   20.8   18.6  
          Urbanized 20.7 24.2   21.1   23.0   20.0 27.4   21.0   22.0  
          Less Urbanized 20.0   20.2   19.3   20.8   20.0   23.3   20.8   16.7  
          Completely Rural 21.7   19.7   20.6   20.3   23.7   22.7   *   16.0  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 26.4   25.3   26.0   24.8   27.3   29.0   25.8   21.7  
     $20,000 - $49,999 23.3   22.2   22.7   21.6   24.8   24.6   22.5   20.2  
     $50,000 - $74,999 20.9   20.6   21.7   20.2   20.9   21.2   20.2   20.4  
     $75,000 or More 20.1   20.1   19.5   20.2   20.5   21.1   20.3   18.9  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
     Yes 28.5   27.6   28.6   26.7   28.1   30.9   28.7   24.7  
     No 21.2   20.3   20.6   20.1   22.2   21.8   20.6   19.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.38A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Illicit Drug Use and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total ILLICIT DRUG USE1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,660   5,503   1,775 1,602   3,885   3,901  
AGE            
     12-13 1,855   1,762   296   279   1,559   1,483  
     14-15 2,011   2,054   635   555   1,376   1,498  
     16-17 1,794   1,688   845   767   949   920  
GENDER            
     Male 2,582   2,581   675   672   1,907   1,909  
     Female 3,077   2,922   1,100 930   1,978   1,992  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,742   4,600   1,498 1,340   3,244   3,260  
          White 3,569   3,351   1,182 1,049   2,388   2,302  
          Black or African American 895   931   248   219   647   712  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 40   31   *   14   27   17  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 95   139   *   *   81   122  
          Two or More Races 126   129   *   33   84   95  
     Hispanic or Latino 917   903   277   262   641   641  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.38B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Illicit Drug Use and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total ILLICIT DRUG USE1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 22.5   21.8   33.6   32.0   19.6   19.3  
AGE            
     12-13 22.3   21.5   38.5   36.6   20.6   20.0  
     14-15 23.3   23.7   34.8   34.5   20.2   21.2  
     16-17 22.0 20.1   31.4   29.1   17.3   16.0  
GENDER            
     Male 20.1   20.0   25.6   26.4   18.7   18.4  
     Female 25.0   23.6   41.6 37.7   20.4   20.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22.7   22.0   33.8   32.2   19.7   19.5  
          White 23.1 21.8   34.4   33.4   19.8   18.8  
          Black or African American 23.6   24.2   35.7 27.9   20.9   23.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 24.6   19.2   *   29.7   28.0 14.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.5   13.2   *   *   9.4   12.6  
          Two or More Races 28.7   32.6   *   39.1   25.6   30.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 21.8   20.7   32.9   30.9   19.0   18.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.39A Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Illicit Drug Use and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total ILLICIT DRUG USE 1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 5,660   5,503   1,775 1,602   3,885   3,901  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
     Northeast 1,111   1,064   360   316   751   747  
     Midwest 1,274   1,282   403   386   871   896  
     South 1,895   1,877   564   518   1,331   1,359  
     West 1,380   1,281   448   382   932   899  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 3,000   3,064   922   844   2,078   2,220  
     Small Metro 1,800 1,527   553 464   1,247 1,063  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,157 1,016   327   317   830 699  
          < 250K Pop. 643 511   227 147   417   364  
     Nonmetro 860   913   300   294   560   619  
          Urbanized 350   381   110   124   240   257  
          Less Urbanized 429   433   158   128   271   305  
          Completely Rural 82   99   *   42   50   57  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 1,213   1,133   368   329   845   804  
     $20,000 - $49,999 1,994   1,845   639 536   1,354   1,310  
     $50,000 - $74,999 1,012   977   343   285   669   692  
     $75,000 or More 1,440   1,548   424   452   1,016   1,096  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2            
     Yes 1,326   1,394   411   409   915   984  
     No 4,334   4,109   1,364 1,193   2,969   2,917  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.39B Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Illicit Drug Use and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total ILLICIT DRUG USE 1
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 22.5   21.8   33.6   32.0   19.6   19.3  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
     Northeast 24.6   23.5   36.6   36.1   21.2   20.5  
     Midwest 22.5   22.7   33.2   35.0   19.6   19.7  
     South 21.1   20.8   31.8   28.6   18.5   18.8  
     West 23.1   21.2   34.2   31.3   20.0   18.6  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 22.6   22.5   34.3   32.0   19.6   20.2  
     Small Metro 23.6 20.5   33.2   30.7   20.9 18.0  
          250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 22.7 20.0   29.6   30.2   20.8 17.3  
          < 250K Pop. 25.3 21.7   40.0 31.9   21.1   19.3  
     Nonmetro 20.4   21.6   32.5   34.3   17.0   18.4  
          Urbanized 20.7 24.2   28.9 38.7   18.3   20.4  
          Less Urbanized 20.0   20.2   33.8   29.6   16.2   17.9  
          Completely Rural 21.7   19.7   *   40.1   16.5   14.3  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 26.4   25.3   35.3   32.7   23.8   23.1  
     $20,000 - $49,999 23.3   22.2   34.7   33.0   20.2   19.5  
     $50,000 - $74,999 20.9   20.6   34.5   30.1   17.4   18.3  
     $75,000 or More 20.1   20.1   30.3   31.5   17.6   17.4  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2            
     Yes 28.5   27.6   38.4   34.4   25.5   25.5  
     No 21.2   20.3   32.4   31.2   18.2   17.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.40A Source of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Source of Treatment/Counseling Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
RECEIVED TREATMENT/COUNSELING FROM ANY OF FOLLOWING 10 SOURCES1 5,660   5,503   1,855   1,762   2,011   2,054   1,794   1,688  
     Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
        Counselor
2,523   2,573   761   743   923   968   839   861  
     School Counselor, School Psychologist, or Having Regular Meetings
        with a Teacher2
2,619   2,509   899   886   931   901   789   722  
     Mental Health Clinic or Center 716   657   204   168   261   231   251   259  
     In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 762   731   241   227   303   308   218   196  
     Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 840   810   263   239   284   319   292   253  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in Any Type of Hospital 515   529   149   170   190   164   177   195  
     Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or in a Special
        Classroom or Placement in a Special Program or Special School2
1,015   976   347   297   357   366   312   313  
     Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 439   449   152   156   149   165   138   129  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in a Residential Treatment Center 299 229   96 57   106   89   98   83  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in Foster Care or in a Therapeutic Foster
        Care Home
158   143   43   36   65   46   50   61  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.40B Source of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Source of Treatment/Counseling Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
RECEIVED TREATMENT/COUNSELING FROM ANY OF FOLLOWING 10 SOURCES1 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
     Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
        Counselor
45.0   47.1   41.7   42.6   46.1   47.6   47.1   51.3  
     School Counselor, School Psychologist, or Having Regular Meetings
        with a Teacher2
46.7   46.0   49.2   50.8   46.6   44.2   44.2   43.1  
     Mental Health Clinic or Center 12.8   12.1   11.1   9.6   13.1   11.4   14.1   15.4  
     In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 13.6   13.4   13.3   13.1   15.2   15.1   12.2   11.7  
     Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 15.0   14.9   14.4   13.8   14.3   15.7   16.4   15.0  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in Any Type of Hospital 9.1   9.7   8.1   9.7   9.5   8.0   9.9   11.6  
     Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or in a Special
        Classroom or Placement in a Special Program or Special School2
18.2   18.0   19.1   17.2   17.9   18.1   17.5   18.7  
     Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 7.8   8.2   8.3   8.9   7.5   8.1   7.8   7.7  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in a Residential Treatment Center 5.3 4.2   5.2 3.3   5.3   4.3   5.5   5.0  
     Overnight or Longer Stay in Foster Care or in a Therapeutic Foster
        Care Home
2.8   2.6   2.3   2.0   3.2   2.2   2.8   3.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60510

Table  6.41A Reasons for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Reason for Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
RECEIVED TREATMENT/COUNSELING FROM ANY OF NINE SOURCES 5,157   1,649   1,921   1,588  
     Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 805   173   317   315  
     Felt Depressed 2,082   555   730   796  
     Felt Very Afraid or Tense 776   252   248   276  
     Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 1,142   359   479   304  
     Eating Problems 370   116   116   137  
     Trouble Controlling Anger 617   232   247   138  
     Got into Physical Fights 255   103   109   44  
     Problems at Home/Family 1,085   326   395   364  
     Problems with Friends 701   266   251   185  
     Problems with Other Than Family/Friends 467   176   163   127  
     Problems at School 1,045   314   426   306  
     Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder2 85   21   43   21  
     Some Other Reason3 467   134   170   162  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis. Youths who reported they only received treatment/counseling from special education services while in a regular classroom or in a special classroom, a special program, or in a special school were not asked for the reasons they received these services and were therefore excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Due to questionnaire changes in 2005, these estimates are not comparable with those published in prior NSDUH reports.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health treatment/counseling from each reported source of treatment and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health treatment/ counseling for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded from the reasons for receiving treatment.
2 Respondent specified that he/she has been diagnosed with a mental/neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60510

Table  6.41B Reasons for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Reason for Treatment/Counseling1 Total AGE GROUP
12-13 14-15 16-17
RECEIVED TREATMENT/COUNSELING FROM ANY OF NINE SOURCES 100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0  
     Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 17.3   11.8   18.2   21.6  
     Felt Depressed 44.6   38.0   41.9   54.5  
     Felt Very Afraid or Tense 16.6   17.2   14.2   18.9  
     Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 24.5   24.6   27.5   20.8  
     Eating Problems 7.9   8.0   6.7   9.4  
     Trouble Controlling Anger 13.2   15.9   14.2   9.4  
     Got into Physical Fights 5.5   7.0   6.2   3.0  
     Problems at Home/Family 23.3   22.3   22.7   24.9  
     Problems with Friends 15.0   18.2   14.4   12.7  
     Problems with Other Than Family/Friends 10.0   12.1   9.4   8.7  
     Problems at School 22.4   21.5   24.4   20.9  
     Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder2 1.8   1.4   2.5   1.4  
     Some Other Reason3 10.0   9.2   9.8   11.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis. Youths who reported they only received treatment/counseling from special education services while in a regular classroom or in a special classroom, a special program, or in a special school were not asked for the reasons they received these services and were therefore excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Due to questionnaire changes in 2005, these estimates are not comparable with those published in prior NSDUH reports.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health treatment/counseling from each reported source of treatment and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health treatment/ counseling for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded from the reasons for receiving treatment.
2 Respondent specified that he/she has been diagnosed with a mental/neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60426

Table  6.42A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 5,300 5,041   1,775 1,602   3,504   3,406  
     Marijuana and Hashish 3,656 3,383   1,178   1,085   2,462   2,276  
     Cocaine 411   423   161   157   246   263  
          Crack 63   54   30   24   30   29  
     Heroin 48   37   17   19   30   18  
     Hallucinogens 753   665   297   282   450   376  
          LSD 157   150   78   70   78   79  
          PCP 72   85   34   48   38   36  
          Ecstasy 310   256   123   119   186 133  
     Inhalants 1,168   1,144   449   431   718   709  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 2,225   2,105   846   757   1,369   1,333  
          Pain Relievers 1,865   1,741   705   623   1,152   1,106  
               OxyContin® 194   187   85   86   107   98  
          Tranquilizers 532   497   221   211   310   281  
          Stimulants 496   503   211   233   280   266  
               Methamphetamine 163   170   81   69   77   100  
          Sedatives 133   118   67   57   66   58  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 3,269   3,129   1,193   1,081   2,064   2,029  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year use for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.42B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 21.0 19.9   31.4   29.1   18.0   17.2  
     Marijuana and Hashish 14.5 13.3   20.8   19.7   12.6 11.5  
     Cocaine 1.6   1.7   2.8   2.9   1.3   1.3  
          Crack 0.3   0.2   0.5   0.4   0.2   0.1  
     Heroin 0.2   0.1   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 3.0   2.6   5.3   5.1   2.3 1.9  
          LSD 0.6   0.6   1.4   1.3   0.4   0.4  
          PCP 0.3   0.3   0.6   0.9   0.2   0.2  
          Ecstasy 1.2   1.0   2.2   2.2   1.0 0.7  
     Inhalants 4.6   4.5   7.9   7.8   3.7   3.6  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 8.8   8.3   14.9   13.8   7.0   6.7  
          Pain Relievers 7.4   6.9   12.5   11.3   5.9   5.6  
               OxyContin® 0.8   0.7   1.5   1.6   0.5   0.5  
          Tranquilizers 2.1   2.0   3.9   3.8   1.6   1.4  
          Stimulants 2.0   2.0   3.7   4.2   1.4   1.3  
               Methamphetamine 0.6   0.7   1.4   1.2   0.4   0.5  
          Sedatives 0.5   0.5   1.2   1.0   0.3   0.3  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 13.0   12.3   21.1   19.6   10.6   10.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year use for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.43A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products3 5,562   5,365   1,755   1,622   3,784   3,702  
          Cigarettes 4,645 4,387   1,563   1,419   3,059   2,941  
          Smokeless Tobacco 1,085   1,105   277   267   800   825  
          Cigars 2,568   2,485   810   746   1,751   1,721  
          Pipe Tobacco4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 8,537   8,454   2,307   2,186   6,209   6,233  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products3 3,635 3,324   1,207   1,091   2,407 2,205  
          Cigarettes 2,998 2,733   1,052   963   1,925 1,747  
          Smokeless Tobacco 571   523   138   110   430   406  
          Cigars 1,201 1,064   378   354   817 702  
          Pipe Tobacco 178   158   70   58   105   100  
     Alcohol 4,436 4,191   1,203   1,160   3,220   3,012  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 2,794 2,513   767   749   2,020 1,751  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 671   611   178   204   489 404  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year and past month use for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
4 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
5 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.43B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR            
     Tobacco Products3 22.1   21.2   31.0   29.5   19.4   18.7  
          Cigarettes 18.4 17.3   27.6   25.8   15.7   14.9  
          Smokeless Tobacco 4.3   4.4   4.9   4.8   4.1   4.2  
          Cigars 10.2   9.8   14.3   13.5   9.0   8.7  
          Pipe Tobacco4 --   --   --   --   --   --  
     Alcohol 33.9   33.3   40.8   39.7   31.9   31.5  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH            
     Tobacco Products3 14.4 13.1   21.3   19.8   12.4 11.2  
          Cigarettes 11.9 10.8   18.6   17.5   9.9 8.8  
          Smokeless Tobacco 2.3   2.1   2.4   2.0   2.2   2.1  
          Cigars 4.8 4.2   6.7   6.4   4.2 3.6  
          Pipe Tobacco 0.7   0.6   1.2   1.1   0.5   0.5  
     Alcohol 17.6 16.5   21.3   21.1   16.5 15.2  
          Binge Alcohol Use5 11.1 9.9   13.6   13.6   10.4 8.9  
               Heavy Alcohol Use5 2.7   2.4   3.1   3.7   2.5 2.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year and past month use for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
4 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
5 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.44A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 2,228 2,038   844   780   1,379   1,250  
          Illicit Drugs4 1,347 1,186   555   512   788 670  
          Alcohol 1,517   1,407   545   524   966   875  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 1,075   1,036   450   432   621   598  
          Illicit Drugs4 737   678   331   301   404   374  
          Alcohol 535   549   223   213   308   332  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60426

Table  6.44B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 8.8 8.0   14.9   14.2   7.1 6.3  
          Illicit Drugs4 5.3 4.7   9.8   9.3   4.0 3.4  
          Alcohol 6.0   5.5   9.6   9.5   5.0   4.4  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 4.3   4.1   7.9   7.9   3.2   3.0  
          Illicit Drugs4 2.9   2.7   5.8   5.5   2.1   1.9  
          Alcohol 2.1   2.2   3.9   3.9   1.6   1.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling for youths is defined as having received treatment or counseling from any of 10 specific sources for emotional or behavioral problems NOT caused by drug or alcohol use. (See Table  6.40 for a list of the 10 sources.) Youths who answered none of the source of treatment questions with a "yes" and answered "no" four or fewer times were excluded from this analysis.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.45A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Category Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,477   3,432   1,219   1,149   2,225   2,191   895   822  
     12 274   300   83   84   151   169   55   55  
     13 452   388   145   120   294   247   114   81  
     14 580   548   175   197   360   363   124   141  
     15 672   674   221   259   423   448   154   188  
     16 736   757   283   221   500   477   220 164  
     17 763   765   312   267   497   487   229   194  
MALE 1,074   999   352   315   637   571   239   193  
     12 104   98   *   *   47   56   *   *  
     13 153 101   51   *   85 49   *   *  
     14 163   150   46   38   88   92   *   *  
     15 220 149   65   58   144 95   50   *  
     16 192   233   64   55   113   130   42   36  
     17 243   269   91   86   160   150   69   48  
FEMALE 2,403   2,433   867   834   1,588   1,620   656   629  
     12 170   202   48   47   104   113   *   *  
     13 299   287   94   79   209   199   75   58  
     14 416   399   129   160   271   271   105   116  
     15 453   525   156   200   279 353   104 150  
     16 545   525   219   166   387   347   177 127  
     17 520   496   221   181   337   337   160   146  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.45B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Category Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.0   13.7   35.3   33.8   9.0   8.8   40.3   37.8  
     12 7.1   7.7   30.5   28.3   3.9   4.3   36.2   32.3  
     13 10.5   9.3   32.5   32.0   6.8   6.0   39.2   33.3  
     14 13.4   12.8   30.3   36.7   8.3   8.5   34.5   39.6  
     15 15.8   15.6   33.2   38.6   10.0   10.4   36.4   42.2  
     16 18.0   17.7   38.6 29.3   12.2   11.2   44.0 34.3  
     17 18.9   18.7   40.9   35.0   12.4   11.9   46.0   39.8  
MALE 8.5   7.8   33.1   31.9   5.0   4.5   37.7   34.1  
     12 5.4   5.0   *   *   2.4   2.9   *   *  
     13 6.9 4.7   34.6   *   3.8 2.3   *   *  
     14 7.5   6.7   28.3   26.2   4.1   4.1   *   *  
     15 9.9 6.9   30.4   39.0   6.5 4.4   34.8   *  
     16 9.3   10.4   33.5   23.5   5.5   5.8   37.5   27.8  
     17 11.7   12.8   37.4   32.1   7.7   7.1   43.1   32.0  
FEMALE 19.7   19.9   36.2   34.6   13.1   13.3   41.3   39.0  
     12 8.7   10.3   28.6   23.7   5.4   5.8   *   *  
     13 14.2   14.2   31.5   28.3   10.0   9.9   35.6   29.8  
     14 19.4   19.4   31.1   40.5   12.7   13.2   38.9   43.1  
     15 22.3   24.4   34.6   38.5   13.8   16.4   37.3   42.7  
     16 26.9   25.8   40.4 32.0   19.1   17.1   45.9   36.8  
     17 26.8   24.9   42.5   36.5   17.4   17.1   47.3   43.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.46A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 31,603   30,791   16,653   15,689   17,087   15,772   11,129   10,309  
     18 667   668   273   260   431   416   205   188  
     19 594   619   197   235   391   398   155   172  
     20 715   661   242   271   484   454   192   217  
     21 639   620   257   265   392   374   211   186  
     22 639   616   207   281   366   383   164   201  
     23 639   673   244   237   394   406   187   176  
     24 713   589   283   243   401   366   206   185  
     25 690   611   286   252   378   338   *   179  
     26-49 17,875 15,918   9,739 8,070   9,750 8,358   6,527 5,500  
     50 or Older 8,431   9,817   4,924   5,574   4,099   4,280   3,102   3,305  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60524

Table  6.46B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.8   14.2   52.7   51.1   8.0 7.3   65.1   65.6  
     18 14.1   14.7   41.0   39.2   9.1   9.2   47.6   45.1  
     19 15.9   14.5   33.1   38.0   10.5   9.4   39.5   43.2  
     20 17.8   16.3   33.9   41.2   12.1   11.2   39.7   47.9  
     21 16.3   15.5   40.2   42.8   10.0   9.3   53.8   49.9  
     22 16.5   15.3   32.6 45.8   9.5   9.5   44.9   52.9  
     23 16.6   17.4   38.2   35.3   10.3   10.5   47.3   43.3  
     24 18.0   16.0   39.6   41.3   10.1   9.9   51.4   50.6  
     25 18.0   16.0   41.5   41.4   9.9   8.9   *   53.0  
     26-49 18.0 16.0   54.5   50.7   9.8 8.4   66.9   65.8  
     50 or Older 10.2   11.6   58.4   57.3   5.0   5.1   75.7   78.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.47A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 31,603   30,791   16,653   15,689   17,087   15,772   11,129   10,309  
     18-25 5,297   5,057   1,990   2,045   3,238   3,135   1,500   1,504  
     26-49 17,875 15,918   9,739 8,070   9,750 8,358   6,527 5,500  
     50 or Older 8,431   9,817   4,924   5,574   4,099   4,280   3,102   3,305  
MALE 10,114   10,817   4,430   4,475   5,722   5,397   3,157   2,998  
     18-25 1,902   1,803   577   534   1,122   1,060   425   406  
     26-49 5,624   5,837   2,430   2,386   3,207   3,055   1,690   1,665  
     50 or Older 2,588   3,177   *   1,555   1,393   1,282   *   927  
FEMALE 21,489   19,975   12,223   11,214   11,365   10,375   7,972   7,311  
     18-25 3,395   3,254   1,412   1,510   2,116   2,074   1,075   1,099  
     26-49 12,251 10,081   7,309 5,684   6,543 5,303   4,837 3,835  
     50 or Older 5,843   6,640   3,502   4,019   2,706   2,998   *   2,378  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.47B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Gender/Age Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.8   14.2   52.7   51.1   8.0 7.3   65.1   65.6  
     18-25 16.6   15.7   37.6   40.5   10.1   9.7   46.3   48.0  
     26-49 18.0 16.0   54.5   50.7   9.8 8.4   66.9   65.8  
     50 or Older 10.2   11.6   58.4   57.3   5.0   5.1   75.7   78.2  
MALE 9.8   10.4   43.8   41.5   5.6   5.2   55.2   55.6  
     18-25 11.9   11.1   30.4   29.7   7.0   6.6   37.9   38.3  
     26-49 11.5   11.9   43.2   40.9   6.6   6.2   52.7   54.5  
     50 or Older 6.8   8.1   *   49.2   3.7   3.3   *   72.3  
FEMALE 19.4 17.8   56.9   56.4   10.3   9.3   70.1   70.9  
     18-25 21.3   20.3   41.6 46.5   13.3   12.9   50.8   53.0  
     26-49 24.4 20.0   59.7   56.5   13.0 10.5   73.9   72.3  
     50 or Older 13.2   14.6   59.9   61.2   6.1   6.6   *   80.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.48A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Hispanic Origin and Race Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,477   3,432   1,219   1,149   2,225   2,191   895   822  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,847   2,828   1,022   985   1,848   1,802   756   700  
          White 2,135   2,118   842   763   1,413   1,390   633 544  
          Black or African American 485   511   121   159   287   288   82   113  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 20   15   *   *   13   10   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 128   95   *   *   82   63   *   *  
          Two or More Races 78   75   *   *   51   41   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 630   604   198   164   377   389   139   122  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.48B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Hispanic Origin and Race Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.0   13.7   35.3   33.8   9.0   8.8   40.3   37.8  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 13.7   13.6   36.1   35.2   8.9   8.7   41.0   39.0  
          White 13.9   13.9   39.7   36.2   9.2   9.1   44.9 39.3  
          Black or African American 12.9   13.5   25.1   31.7   7.7   7.6   28.9   39.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 12.0   9.3   *   *   7.8   6.1   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 13.0   9.1   *   *   8.3   6.0   *   *  
          Two or More Races 17.9   19.0   *   *   11.7   10.5   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 15.2   14.1   31.4   27.5   9.1   9.1   36.8   31.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.49A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 31,603   30,791   16,653   15,689   17,087   15,772   11,129   10,309  
GENDER                
     Male 10,114   10,817   4,430   4,475   5,722   5,397   3,157   2,998  
     Female 21,489   19,975   12,223   11,214   11,365   10,375   7,972   7,311  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 28,944   27,689   15,235   14,392   15,379 13,854   10,142   9,346  
          White 24,636   23,705   13,186   12,587   12,788 11,534   8,589   8,054  
          Black or African American 2,764   2,587   1,375   1,211   1,687   1,585   1,008   864  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 102   172   *   *   84   104   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 802   734   *   *   428   324   *   *  
          Two or More Races 506   387   *   195   314   221   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 2,658   3,103   1,418   1,297   1,708   1,918   987   963  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 4,175   4,074   2,290   2,173   2,917   2,586   1,853   1,533  
     High School Graduate 8,987   8,818   4,470   4,445   5,174   4,781   3,002   3,097  
     Some College 9,847   9,048   5,253   4,691   5,541 4,631   3,677   2,999  
     College Graduate 8,594   8,851   4,641   4,379   3,455   3,775   2,597   2,681  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 17,628   16,199   8,374   7,258   9,053 7,545   5,318 4,466  
     Part-Time 4,870   4,472   2,488   2,373   2,464   2,314   1,605   1,549  
     Unemployed 1,413   1,557   681   808   836   1,085   *   647  
     Other3 7,691   8,563   5,110   5,250   4,733   4,829   3,757   3,647  
MARITAL STATUS                
     Married 14,697   14,415   7,876   7,321   7,073   6,407   5,174   4,673  
     Widowed 1,443   1,660   *   1,006   888   813   *   *  
     Divorced or Separated 6,502   5,932   3,659   3,383   3,770   3,331   2,461   2,314  
     Never Married 8,961   8,785   4,213   3,979   5,356   5,221   2,768   2,716  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.49B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.8   14.2   52.7   51.1   8.0 7.3   65.1   65.6  
GENDER                
     Male 9.8   10.4   43.8   41.5   5.6   5.2   55.2   55.6  
     Female 19.4 17.8   56.9   56.4   10.3   9.3   70.1   70.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 15.5   14.7   52.6   52.2   8.2 7.3   66.0   67.7  
          White 16.3   15.6   53.5   53.2   8.4 7.6   67.2   69.8  
          Black or African American 11.7   10.5   49.8   48.1   7.1   6.5   59.8   56.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 9.8   15.6   *   *   8.1   9.4   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.4   8.3   *   *   5.0   3.6   *   *  
          Two or More Races 28.6 17.6   *   50.6   17.9   10.1   *   *  
     Hispanic or Latino 10.1   11.3   53.3 41.8   6.5   7.0   57.8   50.2  
EDUCATION                
     < High School 11.5   11.5   54.8   53.7   8.0   7.3   63.5   59.5  
     High School Graduate 13.3   13.0   49.8   50.5   7.6   7.0   58.0   64.8  
     Some College 18.7 16.5   53.4   51.9   10.5 8.4   66.4   64.8  
     College Graduate 15.1   15.2   54.0   49.8   6.1   6.5   75.2   71.9  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
     Full-Time 14.8 13.5   47.5   45.0   7.6 6.3   58.7   59.6  
     Part-Time 17.3   15.9   51.1   53.1   8.8   8.2   65.1   67.0  
     Unemployed 19.1   20.6   48.2   52.0   11.3   14.4   *   59.7  
     Other3 13.0   14.1   66.4   61.5   8.0   8.0   79.4   75.7  
MARITAL STATUS                
     Married 12.1   11.8   53.6   50.8   5.8   5.3   73.2   72.9  
     Widowed 11.6   12.3   *   63.2   7.1   6.0   *   *  
     Divorced or Separated 23.1   20.9   56.3   57.2   13.4   11.8   65.3   69.5  
     Never Married 17.3   16.7   47.1   45.3   10.4   10.0   51.7   52.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.50A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,477   3,432   1,219   1,149   2,225   2,191   895   822  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 636   561   245   236   437   370   191   167  
     Midwest 772   742   287   271   487   469   201   186  
     South 1,216   1,251   392   360   756   777   294   270  
     West 853   877   295   282   545   575   208   199  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 1,822   1,823   625   631   1,135   1,178   451   454  
     Small Metro 1,086   981   394 292   717 609   294 206  
     Nonmetro 569   629   201   225   373   404   150   162  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 645   593   206   206   402   399   135   157  
     $20,000 - $49,999 1,226   1,215   450 369   778   754   330 261  
     $50,000 - $74,999 668   675   239   232   451   459   186   162  
     $75,000 or More 937   949   325   342   594   580   243   242  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 697   723   260   261   419   454   176   187  
     No 2,780   2,709   959   889   1,806   1,737   719   635  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
     Private 2,298   2,257   827   773   1,507   1,433   620   545  
     Medicaid/CHIP5 883   866   319   306   555   555   227   219  
     Other6 178   157   60   *   102   97   38   *  
     No Coverage 261   286   63   74   143   179   38   57  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
     Excellent 865   798   259   240   534   495   179   171  
     Very Good 1,474   1,469   501   479   960   941   376   354  
     Good 939   945   365   339   603   621   270   238  
     Fair/Poor 199   219   95   90   127   134   *   59  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.50B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.0   13.7   35.3   33.8   9.0   8.8   40.3   37.8  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 14.2   12.5   38.9   42.6   9.8   8.3   43.8   45.6  
     Midwest 13.7   13.3   37.4   36.8   8.7   8.4   41.4   39.8  
     South 13.7   14.0   32.5   29.0   8.5   8.7   39.1   34.8  
     West 14.4   14.6   34.6   32.5   9.2   9.6   38.2   35.0  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 13.8   13.5   34.5   35.1   8.6   8.8   39.8   38.9  
     Small Metro 14.4   13.3   36.4 30.0   9.5   8.3   41.1 34.0  
     Nonmetro 13.7   15.0   35.6   36.0   9.0   9.7   40.3   40.1  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 14.2   13.4   32.3   35.0   8.9   9.0   33.9   39.4  
     $20,000 - $49,999 14.5   14.7   36.8 30.8   9.2   9.2   42.4 34.9  
     $50,000 - $74,999 13.9   14.4   35.8   34.7   9.4   9.8   41.5   35.6  
     $75,000 or More 13.2   12.4   34.8   36.3   8.4   7.6   41.0   42.0  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 15.1   14.5   37.6   36.6   9.1   9.1   42.1   41.5  
     No 13.7   13.5   34.7   33.1   8.9   8.7   39.9   36.8  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
     Private 13.9   13.5   36.2   34.6   9.1   8.6   41.2   38.2  
     Medicaid/CHIP5 14.2   13.8   36.4   35.8   8.9   8.9   41.1   39.9  
     Other6 17.0   15.8   34.1   *   9.8   9.9   37.3   *  
     No Coverage 13.1   14.6   24.3   26.0   7.2   9.2   26.9   31.6  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
     Excellent 10.1   9.6   30.0   30.4   6.2   6.0   33.6   34.8  
     Very Good 14.4   14.1   34.2   32.9   9.4   9.1   39.2   37.7  
     Good 18.1   17.5   39.1   36.4   11.6   11.6   44.9   38.8  
     Fair/Poor 23.5   22.8   48.3   41.5   15.2   14.0   *   44.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.51A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 31,603   30,791   16,653   15,689   17,087   15,772   11,129   10,309  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 5,932   5,602   3,222   3,130   3,237   2,819   2,133   1,936  
     Midwest 6,928   7,482   3,548   3,843   3,888   3,857   2,498   2,539  
     South 11,310   10,750   6,046   5,553   5,832   5,636   3,808   3,792  
     West 7,433   6,957   3,838   3,163   4,129   3,461   2,690   2,043  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 16,626   15,834   8,435   7,648   8,931   7,955   5,664   4,876  
     Small Metro 9,732   9,833   5,640   5,157   5,199   4,986   3,511   3,410  
     Nonmetro 5,245   5,124   2,577   2,884   2,956   2,831   1,954   2,024  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 6,922   7,231   3,759   4,101   4,630   4,710   2,806   3,000  
     $20,000 - $49,999 10,542   10,294   5,548   5,223   5,796   5,415   3,596   3,447  
     $50,000 - $74,999 5,785   5,558   3,168   2,862   2,951   2,624   2,049   1,855  
     $75,000 or More 8,354   7,709   4,178   3,503   3,709   3,023   2,679 2,008  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 5,631   6,172   3,426   3,874   3,865   4,120   2,501   2,886  
     No 25,972   24,619   13,227   11,814   13,222 11,652   8,628 7,424  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
     Private 21,806 19,873   11,730 9,761   10,671 8,623   7,504 5,815  
     Medicaid/CHIP5 2,924 3,833   1,936 2,669   2,090 2,723   1,553   2,078  
     Other6 4,391 5,365   2,845   3,398   2,230   2,751   1,843   2,181  
     No Coverage 5,430   5,006   2,002   1,957   3,457   3,140   1,420   1,481  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
     Excellent 6,477 5,443   2,934 2,106   2,662   2,142   1,668   1,151  
     Very Good 10,896   10,663   5,013   4,911   5,499 4,605   3,178   2,824  
     Good 8,863   8,593   5,078   4,435   5,032   4,683   3,373   3,021  
     Fair/Poor 5,367   6,092   3,627   4,236   3,893   4,342   2,910   3,312  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.51B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in Lifetime or Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an MDE in Lifetime or Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Lifetime MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Lifetime MDE2 Past Year MDE1 Receipt of Treatment in Past Year among Persons with Past Year MDE2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 14.8   14.2   52.7   51.1   8.0 7.3   65.1   65.6  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
     Northeast 14.6   13.7   54.3   56.0   8.0   6.9   65.9   68.7  
     Midwest 14.3   15.4   51.2   51.5   8.1   7.9   64.3   65.8  
     South 14.8   13.8   53.5   51.8   7.6   7.2   65.3   67.4  
     West 15.5   14.2   51.6   45.8   8.6   7.1   65.1   59.8  
COUNTY TYPE                
     Large Metro 14.4   13.6   50.7   48.5   7.8   6.8   63.4   61.7  
     Small Metro 15.5   15.4   58.0   52.5   8.3   7.8   67.5   68.4  
     Nonmetro 14.7   14.2   49.1 56.5   8.3   7.8   66.1   71.7  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 16.4   17.5   54.3   56.9   11.0   11.4   60.6   63.7  
     $20,000 - $49,999 13.8   13.7   52.6   51.1   7.6   7.2   62.0   64.3  
     $50,000 - $74,999 15.0   14.2   54.8   51.6   7.6   6.7   69.4   70.7  
     $75,000 or More 14.8 12.7   50.0   45.5   6.6 5.0   72.2   66.5  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
     Yes 18.6   19.6   60.8   63.4   12.8   13.1   64.7   71.0  
     No 14.2   13.3   50.9   48.1   7.2 6.3   65.3   63.7  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
     Private 14.4 13.1   53.8 49.2   7.0 5.7   70.3   67.4  
     Medicaid/CHIP5 17.5 21.4   66.2   69.9   12.5   15.2   74.3   76.5  
     Other6 9.4   11.0   64.8   63.6   4.8   5.7   82.6   79.6  
     No Coverage 17.6   15.9   36.9   39.5   11.2   10.0   41.1   47.9  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
     Excellent 11.9   10.6   45.3   39.0   4.9   4.2   62.7   54.9  
     Very Good 14.6   13.5   46.0   46.1   7.4 5.8   57.8   61.3  
     Good 15.9   14.5   57.3   51.7   9.0   7.9   67.0   64.6  
     Fair/Poor 18.7 22.5   67.6   69.8   13.6   16.1   74.8   76.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data for the respective Lifetime or Past Year MDE measure were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication in the past year for depression. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.52A Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR USE            
     Illicit Drugs3 5,300 5,041   905   832   4,316   4,094  
          Marijuana and Hashish 3,656 3,383   601   553   2,998 2,763  
          Cocaine 411   423   66   73   335   335  
               Crack 63   54   15   12   44   37  
          Heroin 48   37   9   10   37   23  
          Hallucinogens 753   665   162   139   574   505  
               LSD 157   150   36   38   117   108  
               PCP 72   85   21   16   47   64  
               Ecstasy 310   256   68   57   235   188  
          Inhalants 1,168   1,144   214   240   947   879  
          Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 2,225   2,105   481   424   1,707   1,628  
               Pain Relievers 1,865   1,741   406   339   1,425   1,357  
                    OxyContin® 194   187   44   43   147   136  
               Tranquilizers 532   497   120   98   408   383  
               Stimulants 496   503   116   129   372   360  
                    Methamphetamine 163   170   38   37   117   127  
               Sedatives 133   118   30   42   99   71  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 3,269   3,129   631   594   2,587   2,458  
PAST MONTH USE            
     Daily Cigarette Use5 828 704   171 116   628   568  
     Heavy Alcohol Use6 671   611   96   84   559   507  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.52B Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR USE            
     Illicit Drugs3 21.0 19.9   40.7   38.0   19.1 18.0  
          Marijuana and Hashish 14.5 13.3   27.0   25.2   13.3 12.1  
          Cocaine 1.6   1.7   3.0   3.4   1.5   1.5  
               Crack 0.3   0.2   0.7   0.6   0.2   0.2  
          Heroin 0.2   0.1   0.4   0.4   0.2   0.1  
          Hallucinogens 3.0   2.6   7.3   6.3   2.5   2.2  
               LSD 0.6   0.6   1.6   1.7   0.5   0.5  
               PCP 0.3   0.3   0.9   0.7   0.2   0.3  
               Ecstasy 1.2   1.0   3.1   2.6   1.0   0.8  
          Inhalants 4.6   4.5   9.6   10.9   4.2   3.9  
          Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 8.8   8.3   21.6   19.3   7.5   7.2  
               Pain Relievers 7.4   6.9   18.3   15.5   6.3   6.0  
                    OxyContin® 0.8   0.7   2.0   2.0   0.7   0.6  
               Tranquilizers 2.1   2.0   5.4   4.5   1.8   1.7  
               Stimulants 2.0   2.0   5.2   5.9   1.6   1.6  
                    Methamphetamine 0.6   0.7   1.7   1.7   0.5   0.6  
               Sedatives 0.5   0.5   1.4   1.9   0.4   0.3  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 13.0   12.3   28.3   27.1   11.4   10.8  
PAST MONTH USE            
     Daily Cigarette Use5 3.3 2.8   7.7 5.3   2.8   2.5  
     Heavy Alcohol Use6 2.7   2.4   4.3   3.8   2.5   2.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.53A Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR USE            
     Illicit Drugs3 30,793   29,999   4,656   4,233   25,928   25,430  
          Marijuana and Hashish 23,060   21,991   3,129   2,908   19,813   18,827  
          Cocaine 5,267   5,099   983   932   4,217   4,077  
               Crack 1,309   1,327   425   366   826   924  
          Heroin 393   343   108   81   277   251  
          Hallucinogens 3,244   3,144   574   463   2,664   2,635  
               LSD 476   413   98   63   378   331  
               PCP 109   79   5 19   104   60  
               Ecstasy 1,662   1,703   273   252   1,386   1,417  
          Inhalants 1,151   1,043   218   155   916   887  
          Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 12,124   13,068   2,522   2,256   9,517 10,633  
               Pain Relievers 9,161   10,074   1,900   1,672   7,211 8,244  
                    OxyContin® 953   1,039   201   223   752   796  
               Tranquilizers 4,219   4,752   1,117   939   3,046 3,716  
               Stimulants 2,582   2,268   561   558   1,998   1,689  
                    Methamphetamine 1,302   1,127   306   312   994   810  
               Sedatives 600   632   193   171   381   433  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 16,303   16,980   3,050   2,826   13,117   13,923  
PAST MONTH USE            
     Daily Cigarette Use5 37,399   37,428   4,756   4,423   32,397   32,675  
     Heavy Alcohol Use6 16,292   15,424   1,688   1,332   14,547   14,007  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Therefore, 2004 estimates in the Total column may differ slightly from 2004 estimates (shown in other tables) for these same measures based on the full sample. Estimates for 2005 are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.53B Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
PAST YEAR USE            
     Illicit Drugs3 14.3   13.8   27.2   26.8   13.2   12.7  
          Marijuana and Hashish 10.7   10.1   18.3   18.4   10.1   9.4  
          Cocaine 2.4   2.3   5.8   5.9   2.1   2.0  
               Crack 0.6   0.6   2.5   2.3   0.4   0.5  
          Heroin 0.2   0.2   0.6   0.5   0.1   0.1  
          Hallucinogens 1.5   1.4   3.4   2.9   1.4   1.3  
               LSD 0.2   0.2   0.6   0.4   0.2   0.2  
               PCP 0.1   0.0   0.0 0.1   0.1   0.0  
               Ecstasy 0.8   0.8   1.6   1.6   0.7   0.7  
          Inhalants 0.5   0.5   1.3   1.0   0.5   0.4  
          Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 5.6   6.0   14.8   14.3   4.8   5.3  
               Pain Relievers 4.3   4.6   11.1   10.6   3.7 4.1  
                    OxyContin® 0.4   0.5   1.2   1.4   0.4   0.4  
               Tranquilizers 2.0   2.2   6.5   6.0   1.6 1.9  
               Stimulants 1.2   1.0   3.3   3.5   1.0   0.8  
                    Methamphetamine 0.6   0.5   1.8   2.0   0.5   0.4  
               Sedatives 0.3   0.3   1.1   1.1   0.2   0.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 7.6   7.8   17.9   17.9   6.7   6.9  
PAST MONTH USE            
     Daily Cigarette Use5 17.4   17.2   27.8   28.0   16.5   16.3  
     Heavy Alcohol Use6 7.6   7.1   9.9   8.4   7.4   7.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Therefore, 2004 estimates in the Total column may differ slightly from 2004 estimates (shown in other tables) for these same measures based on the full sample. Estimates for 2005 are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.54A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 1,347 1,186   324   293   993 870  
          Marijuana 979   907   217   214   736   679  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 584   513   166   133   408   366  
     Alcohol 1,517   1,407   274   296   1,214   1,085  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 2,228 2,038   444   435   1,741 1,565  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 635   555   153   154   466   390  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 737   678   197   180   520   486  
          Marijuana 508   506   125   123   366   377  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 323   273   102   80   213   184  
     Alcohol 535   549   125   143   397   390  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 1,075   1,036   258   267   790   747  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 197   192   63   57   127   129  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.54B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 5.3 4.7   14.5   13.4   4.4 3.8  
          Marijuana 3.9   3.6   9.7   9.8   3.3   3.0  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2.3   2.0   7.5   6.1   1.8   1.6  
     Alcohol 6.0   5.5   12.3   13.5   5.4 4.8  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 8.8 8.0   20.0   19.8   7.7 6.9  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 2.5   2.2   6.9   7.0   2.1   1.7  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 2.9   2.7   8.8   8.2   2.3   2.1  
          Marijuana 2.0   2.0   5.6   5.6   1.6   1.7  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.3   1.1   4.6   3.6   0.9   0.8  
     Alcohol 2.1   2.2   5.6   6.5   1.8   1.7  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 4.3   4.1   11.6   12.2   3.5   3.3  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 0.8   0.8   2.8   2.6   0.6   0.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60509

Table  6.55A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 6,515 5,647   1,521   1,302   4,911   4,258  
          Marijuana 3,984 3,182   686   674   3,262 2,476  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 3,346   3,123   1,090   817   2,193   2,245  
     Alcohol 17,424   17,251   2,977 2,334   14,317   14,817  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 20,969   20,180   3,808 3,136   16,983   16,904  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 2,971   2,718   690   500   2,245   2,171  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 4,448   4,040   1,227   1,074   3,139   2,922  
          Marijuana 2,461   2,113   436   492   1,989   1,604  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 2,441   2,267   938   690   1,440   1,547  
     Alcohol 7,892   7,424   2,000 1,359   5,813   6,023  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 11,166   10,290   2,818 2,127   8,208   8,096  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1,174   1,174   409   306   744   848  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Therefore, 2004 estimates in the Total column may differ slightly from 2004 estimates (shown in other tables) for these same measures based on the full sample. Estimates for 2005 are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.55B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Dependence/Abuse Total1 PAST YEAR MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 3.0 2.6   8.9   8.3   2.5 2.1  
          Marijuana 1.9 1.5   4.0   4.3   1.7 1.2  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.6   1.4   6.4   5.2   1.1   1.1  
     Alcohol 8.1   7.9   17.4   14.8   7.3   7.4  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 9.7   9.3   22.3   19.9   8.7   8.4  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 1.4   1.2   4.0   3.2   1.1   1.1  
DEPENDENCE3            
     Illicit Drugs4 2.1   1.9   7.2   6.8   1.6   1.5  
          Marijuana 1.1   1.0   2.6   3.1   1.0 0.8  
     Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana4 1.1   1.0   5.5   4.4   0.7   0.8  
     Alcohol 3.7   3.4   11.7 8.6   3.0   3.0  
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 5.2   4.7   16.5 13.5   4.2   4.0  
     Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol4 0.5   0.5   2.4   1.9   0.4   0.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Therefore, 2004 estimates in the Total column may differ slightly from 2004 estimates (shown in other tables) for these same measures based on the full sample. Estimates for 2005 are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60524

Table  6.56A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Substance Use and Health Measures: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Health Measures 2004 2005
PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE1    
     Yes 171 116  
     No 2,054   2,075  
PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE2    
     Yes 96   84  
     No 2,129   2,108  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG USE3    
     Yes 905   832  
     No 1,320   1,359  
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE4    
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3    
          Yes 444   435  
          No 1,780   1,757  
     Illicit Drugs3    
          Yes 324   293  
          No 1,901   1,898  
     Alcohol    
          Yes 274   296  
          No 1,951   1,895  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY3,5    
     Received 43   33  
     Not Received 2,182   2,159  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
2 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
5 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.56B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Substance Use and Health Measures: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Health Measures 2004 2005
PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE1    
     Yes 21.3   17.0  
     No 8.5   8.6  
PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE2    
     Yes 14.6   14.2  
     No 8.8   8.7  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG USE3    
     Yes 17.3   16.9  
     No 6.7   6.8  
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE4    
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3    
          Yes 20.3   21.7  
          No 7.9   7.7  
     Illicit Drugs3    
          Yes 24.6   25.2  
          No 8.1   8.0  
     Alcohol    
          Yes 18.4   21.4  
          No 8.4   8.0  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY3,5    
     Received 23.7   19.1  
     Not Received 8.8   8.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
2 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
5 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60524

Table  6.57A Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substance Use and Health Measures: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Health Measures 2004 2005
PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE1    
     Yes 4,756   4,423  
     No 12,331   11,350  
PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE2    
     Yes 1,688   1,332  
     No 15,398   14,441  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG USE3    
     Yes 4,656   4,233  
     No 12,431   11,539  
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE4    
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3    
          Yes 3,808 3,136  
          No 13,278   12,636  
     Illicit Drugs3    
          Yes 1,521   1,302  
          No 15,566   14,471  
     Alcohol    
          Yes 2,977 2,334  
          No 14,109   13,438  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY3,5    
     Received 682   605  
     Not Received 16,405   15,168  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
2 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
5 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60524

Table  6.57B Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substance Use and Health Measures: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Use/Health Measures 2004 2005
PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE1    
     Yes 12.8   11.9  
     No 7.0   6.3  
PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE2    
     Yes 10.4   8.7  
     No 7.8   7.2  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG USE3    
     Yes 15.2   14.3  
     No 6.8   6.2  
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE4    
     Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3    
          Yes 18.3   15.6  
          No 6.9   6.4  
     Illicit Drugs3    
          Yes 23.6   23.4  
          No 7.5   6.9  
     Alcohol    
          Yes 17.2 13.6  
          No 7.2   6.7  
PAST YEAR ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL TREATMENT AT A SPECIALTY FACILITY3,5    
     Received 31.1   28.7  
     Not Received 7.8 7.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
2 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
5 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60522

Table  6.58A Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional in the Past Year about Depression: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Type of Professional1 2004 2005
TOTAL2 820   764  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 206   189  
Other Medical Doctor3 40   29  
Psychologist 260   253  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 178   173  
Social Worker 107   108  
Counselor 470   450  
Other Mental Health Professional4 48   55  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 73   62  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor5 123   121  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 18   14  
Other6 13   19  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional in the past year about depression, including those with unknown type of professional data.
3 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
4 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
5 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
6 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60522

Table  6.58B Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional in the Past Year about Depression: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Type of Professional1 2004 2005
TOTAL2 100.0   100.0  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 25.5   25.2  
Other Medical Doctor3 5.0   3.8  
Psychologist 32.2   33.7  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 22.1   23.1  
Social Worker 13.3   14.4  
Counselor 58.2   60.1  
Other Mental Health Professional4 6.0   7.4  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 9.0   8.3  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor5 15.3   16.1  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 2.2   1.9  
Other6 1.7   2.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional in the past year about depression, including those with unknown type of professional data.
3 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
4 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
5 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
6 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60522

Table  6.59A Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional in the Past Year about Depression: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Type of Professional1 2004 2005
TOTAL2 10,542   9,618  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 6,130   5,782  
Other Medical Doctor3 1,184   1,205  
Psychologist 2,714   2,632  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2,831   2,802  
Social Worker 1,114   964  
Counselor 2,165   1,937  
Other Mental Health Professional4 656   756  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 757   685  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor5 1,929   1,777  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 615   558  
Other6 192   55  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional in the past year about depression, including those with unknown type of professional data.
3 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
4 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
5 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
6 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60522

Table  6.59B Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional in the Past Year about Depression: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Type of Professional1 2004 2005
TOTAL2 100.0   100.0  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 58.7   60.3  
Other Medical Doctor3 11.3   12.6  
Psychologist 26.0   27.5  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 27.1   29.2  
Social Worker 10.7   10.1  
Counselor 20.7   20.2  
Other Mental Health Professional4 6.3   7.9  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 7.3   7.2  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor5 18.5   18.5  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 5.9   5.8  
Other6 1.9   0.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional in the past year about depression, including those with unknown type of professional data.
3 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
4 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
5 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
6 Other includes any other types of helping professionals. Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 (subsample) and 2005.

60509

Table  6.60A Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic TYPE OF PAST YEAR TREATMENT1
Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional OR Used Prescription Medication Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional Only Used Prescription Medication Only Saw or Talked to Medical Doctor or Other Professional AND Used Prescription Medication
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 895   822   464   448   72   57   348   315  
GENDER                
     Male 239   193   104   92   30   25   103   74  
     Female 656   629   360   357   42   31   245   241  
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
     Not Hispanic or Latino 756   700   377   354   65   53   308   292  
          White 633 544   293   243   56   43   278   259  
          Black or African American 82   113   60   83   *   8   18   22  
          Other or Two or More Races *   43   *   28   5   2   *   12  
     Hispanic or Latino 139   122   88   94   7   4   39   22  
FAMILY INCOME                
     Less Than $20,000 135   157   74   91   15   18   43   48  
     $20,000 - $49,999 330 261   168   156   28   15   132 88  
     $50,000 - $74,999 186   162   97   84   11   8   78   69  
     $75,000 or More 243   242   125   117   18   16   94   109  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2