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80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.1 – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use in Past Month Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana
in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 7.80 (7.19 - 8.45) 3.20 (2.85 - 3.59)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 9.30 (7.63 - 11.28) 3.35 (2.52 - 4.43)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 6.47 (5.04 - 8.27) 2.93 (2.14 - 4.00)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 7.28 (5.81 - 9.07) 2.90 (2.14 - 3.91)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.58 (4.38 - 7.08) 2.61 (1.93 - 3.53)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 7.07 (5.82 - 8.56) 3.03 (2.31 - 3.95)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.89 (6.77 - 9.17) 3.43 (2.77 - 4.24)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 7.52 (5.88 - 9.56) 3.65 (2.65 - 5.00)
Regions 17 and 21 7.85 (6.10 - 10.05) 3.33 (2.43 - 4.54)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 6.18 (5.11 - 7.46) 2.46 (1.84 - 3.28)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.86 (5.42 - 8.65) 3.10 (2.31 - 4.14)
Regions 25 and 30 7.86 (6.30 - 9.76) 3.35 (2.47 - 4.53)
Regions 29 and 34 6.99 (5.43 - 8.95) 2.74 (1.94 - 3.87)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 11.19 (9.28 - 13.44) 4.06 (3.13 - 5.26)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.2 – Marijuana Use in Past Month, Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Month
Average Annual Rate of
First Use of Marijuana1
Perceptions of Great Risk
of Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The prediction intervals for Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 5.99 (5.47 - 6.54) 1.63 (1.51 - 1.77) 39.79 (38.42 - 41.17)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.55 (6.18 - 9.20) 1.76 (1.45 - 2.14) 39.05 (35.34 - 42.90)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 4.76 (3.65 - 6.20) 1.65 (1.33 - 2.06) 41.06 (36.67 - 45.58)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 5.54 (4.36 - 7.01) 1.55 (1.25 - 1.92) 39.18 (35.05 - 43.47)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.20 (3.21 - 5.47) 1.15 (0.90 - 1.48) 45.50 (41.38 - 49.67)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 5.57 (4.49 - 6.89) 2.10 (1.67 - 2.63) 40.58 (36.53 - 44.77)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.19 (5.26 - 7.28) 1.82 (1.55 - 2.13) 34.22 (31.36 - 37.21)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 5.78 (4.48 - 7.43) 1.31 (1.03 - 1.68) 43.62 (39.25 - 48.10)
Regions 17 and 21 6.29 (4.81 - 8.19) 1.95 (1.49 - 2.54) 37.64 (32.60 - 42.97)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.92 (4.01 - 6.02) 1.56 (1.30 - 1.88) 41.84 (38.36 - 45.41)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.05 (3.85 - 6.60) 1.24 (0.99 - 1.56) 40.05 (35.87 - 44.37)
Regions 25 and 30 6.22 (4.83 - 7.96) 1.41 (1.11 - 1.79) 44.21 (39.71 - 48.80)
Regions 29 and 34 5.51 (4.21 - 7.18) 1.34 (1.04 - 1.72) 40.64 (35.96 - 45.51)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.86 (6.48 - 9.49) 1.90 (1.57 - 2.30) 40.94 (37.29 - 44.69)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.3 – Marijuana Use in Past Year, Cocaine Use in Past Year, and Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Year
Cocaine Use in Past Year Nonmedical Use of Pain
Relievers in Past Year
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 10.58 (9.90 - 11.30) 2.35 (2.04 - 2.69) 4.21 (3.80 - 4.65)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 12.04 (10.15 - 14.22) 2.61 (1.92 - 3.54) 4.54 (3.58 - 5.74)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 9.00 (7.33 - 11.00) 2.19 (1.58 - 3.03) 4.09 (3.15 - 5.30)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 9.17 (7.53 - 11.13) 1.90 (1.36 - 2.65) 4.37 (3.43 - 5.54)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 7.99 (6.55 - 9.71) 1.67 (1.17 - 2.38) 3.44 (2.67 - 4.42)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 10.28 (8.75 - 12.05) 2.20 (1.62 - 2.97) 3.93 (3.08 - 5.00)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 11.94 (10.52 - 13.52) 2.33 (1.82 - 2.97) 4.20 (3.46 - 5.10)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 9.20 (7.37 - 11.44) 2.41 (1.72 - 3.37) 5.26 (4.06 - 6.80)
Regions 17 and 21 12.49 (10.12 - 15.33) 2.65 (1.90 - 3.70) 4.72 (3.60 - 6.18)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 8.66 (7.33 - 10.21) 1.99 (1.49 - 2.65) 3.39 (2.67 - 4.29)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 8.76 (7.11 - 10.76) 2.25 (1.65 - 3.07) 4.44 (3.47 - 5.66)
Regions 25 and 30 10.70 (8.79 - 12.97) 2.68 (1.92 - 3.73) 4.63 (3.56 - 6.01)
Regions 29 and 34 8.54 (6.74 - 10.76) 1.84 (1.28 - 2.66) 3.64 (2.71 - 4.89)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 13.77 (11.70 - 16.13) 3.25 (2.34 - 4.51) 4.53 (3.61 - 5.67)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.4 – Alcohol Use in Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great Risk of
Having Five or More Drinks
of an Alcoholic Beverage
Once or Twice a Week
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 52.89 (51.43 - 54.34) 24.10 (23.04 - 25.18) 37.04 (35.67 - 38.42)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 60.76 (56.73 - 64.66) 28.04 (24.98 - 31.32) 33.39 (30.07 - 36.90)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 51.60 (46.63 - 56.53) 24.99 (21.75 - 28.55) 35.02 (31.11 - 39.14)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 53.21 (48.70 - 57.67) 23.90 (20.94 - 27.14) 34.60 (30.98 - 38.40)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 43.01 (38.81 - 47.32) 19.96 (17.29 - 22.93) 38.47 (34.79 - 42.29)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 51.08 (46.86 - 55.28) 26.25 (23.43 - 29.28) 35.49 (32.03 - 39.10)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 61.52 (58.59 - 64.36) 25.23 (23.09 - 27.50) 35.92 (33.33 - 38.60)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 47.63 (42.62 - 52.69) 22.45 (19.31 - 25.94) 35.21 (31.53 - 39.08)
Regions 17 and 21 55.39 (49.75 - 60.90) 27.13 (23.41 - 31.19) 35.86 (31.73 - 40.21)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 48.90 (45.14 - 52.67) 20.59 (18.26 - 23.13) 40.43 (37.18 - 43.76)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 50.53 (45.99 - 55.06) 22.13 (19.18 - 25.39) 36.40 (32.67 - 40.30)
Regions 25 and 30 53.81 (48.79 - 58.75) 25.97 (22.52 - 29.74) 35.78 (31.90 - 39.86)
Regions 29 and 34 51.29 (45.80 - 56.75) 22.51 (19.37 - 26.00) 37.81 (33.79 - 42.00)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 45.00 (41.08 - 48.98) 23.65 (20.97 - 26.56) 42.91 (39.54 - 46.36)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.5 – Alcohol Use in Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in Past Month among
Persons Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
among Persons Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 29.51 (28.31 - 30.73) 20.46 (19.36 - 21.60)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 33.86 (30.56 - 37.32) 22.74 (19.88 - 25.88)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 32.04 (28.27 - 36.06) 23.62 (20.36 - 27.22)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 29.57 (26.22 - 33.16) 20.21 (17.14 - 23.69)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 25.21 (21.69 - 29.10) 16.88 (13.91 - 20.34)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 33.60 (30.46 - 36.89) 25.86 (22.83 - 29.13)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 32.28 (29.76 - 34.92) 23.07 (20.73 - 25.58)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 27.94 (24.18 - 32.04) 19.81 (16.37 - 23.77)
Regions 17 and 21 33.07 (28.86 - 37.58) 23.72 (20.07 - 27.81)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 27.86 (25.14 - 30.75) 17.84 (15.54 - 20.40)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 28.30 (24.76 - 32.12) 19.97 (16.88 - 23.46)
Regions 25 and 30 30.32 (26.26 - 34.72) 22.22 (18.77 - 26.11)
Regions 29 and 34 28.33 (24.22 - 32.83) 19.43 (15.84 - 23.60)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 22.90 (20.06 - 26.01) 14.35 (12.16 - 16.87)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.6 – Cigarette Use in Past Month, Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cigarette Use
in Past Month
Tobacco Product Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great Risk
of Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004–2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 26.68 (25.48 - 27.93) 31.57 (30.31 - 32.85) 73.91 (72.66 - 75.12)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 27.50 (24.53 - 30.70) 32.59 (29.50 - 35.83) 75.23 (72.35 - 77.90)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 29.11 (25.73 - 32.74) 35.79 (31.97 - 39.79) 71.44 (67.89 - 74.74)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 27.28 (24.29 - 30.49) 32.64 (29.37 - 36.08) 71.73 (68.54 - 74.70)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 26.97 (23.93 - 30.25) 33.05 (29.92 - 36.34) 71.57 (68.55 - 74.40)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 24.90 (22.10 - 27.93) 30.48 (27.52 - 33.62) 71.87 (68.72 - 74.81)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 23.67 (21.57 - 25.90) 27.98 (25.62 - 30.47) 78.09 (75.91 - 80.13)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 29.18 (25.83 - 32.78) 35.38 (31.74 - 39.20) 68.63 (65.02 - 72.03)
Regions 17 and 21 26.21 (22.90 - 29.81) 31.10 (27.33 - 35.14) 72.92 (69.44 - 76.15)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 25.86 (23.24 - 28.67) 30.32 (27.52 - 33.28) 73.82 (71.03 - 76.43)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 28.23 (24.98 - 31.72) 33.95 (30.54 - 37.54) 70.57 (67.20 - 73.73)
Regions 25 and 30 27.50 (24.32 - 30.93) 32.63 (29.07 - 36.41) 74.51 (71.11 - 77.64)
Regions 29 and 34 26.40 (23.00 - 30.10) 30.59 (27.07 - 34.34) 74.53 (71.11 - 77.67)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 28.97 (25.96 - 32.18) 32.09 (29.04 - 35.31) 74.48 (71.63 - 77.13)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.7 – Alcohol Dependence in Past Year and Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence in Past Year Illicit Drug Dependence
in Past Year1
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 3.06 (2.69 - 3.48) 1.72 (1.49 - 2.00)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 3.29 (2.49 - 4.34) 2.03 (1.46 - 2.82)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 2.80 (2.06 - 3.80) 1.42 (0.99 - 2.04)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 2.86 (2.13 - 3.85) 1.63 (1.17 - 2.25)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 2.63 (1.97 - 3.51) 1.22 (0.83 - 1.80)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 3.65 (2.84 - 4.68) 1.48 (1.07 - 2.06)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.75 (2.14 - 3.52) 1.93 (1.50 - 2.48)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 2.89 (2.11 - 3.95) 1.78 (1.25 - 2.54)
Regions 17 and 21 3.63 (2.66 - 4.92) 1.57 (1.08 - 2.28)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.63 (1.98 - 3.49) 1.31 (0.95 - 1.80)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.68 (1.94 - 3.69) 1.62 (1.14 - 2.28)
Regions 25 and 30 3.23 (2.35 - 4.42) 1.83 (1.24 - 2.70)
Regions 29 and 34 2.73 (1.92 - 3.87) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.04)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.13 (3.12 - 5.43) 2.26 (1.69 - 3.02)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.8 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, and Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence or
Abuse in Past Year
Illicit Drug Dependence or
Abuse in Past Year1
Dependence on or Abuse of
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in
Past Year1
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 7.13 (6.57 - 7.74) 2.56 (2.27 - 2.88) 8.52 (7.90 - 9.20)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 8.03 (6.68 - 9.63) 2.68 (2.03 - 3.55) 9.56 (7.98 - 11.40)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 7.40 (5.92 - 9.22) 2.44 (1.82 - 3.26) 8.81 (7.20 - 10.72)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.89 (5.62 - 8.43) 2.76 (2.09 - 3.64) 8.45 (7.02 - 10.14)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.75 (4.61 - 7.14) 1.79 (1.27 - 2.53) 6.47 (5.20 - 8.01)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 8.60 (7.25 - 10.18) 2.40 (1.80 - 3.20) 9.61 (8.20 - 11.24)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.25 (6.17 - 8.50) 2.68 (2.15 - 3.35) 8.71 (7.57 - 10.00)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.67 (5.33 - 8.31) 2.88 (2.13 - 3.89) 8.46 (6.90 - 10.34)
Regions 17 and 21 8.32 (6.67 - 10.33) 2.58 (1.87 - 3.56) 9.66 (7.94 - 11.71)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 6.15 (5.08 - 7.44) 2.00 (1.53 - 2.62) 7.09 (5.89 - 8.52)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.26 (5.05 - 7.72) 2.30 (1.69 - 3.12) 7.65 (6.22 - 9.37)
Regions 25 and 30 7.25 (5.88 - 8.92) 2.61 (1.91 - 3.54) 8.81 (7.24 - 10.68)
Regions 29 and 34 6.09 (4.71 - 7.85) 2.01 (1.43 - 2.82) 7.02 (5.51 - 8.90)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.77 (6.45 - 9.32) 3.39 (2.62 - 4.39) 9.78 (8.22 - 11.59)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving Treatment
for Alcohol Use in Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment
for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year2
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
2Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 6.82 (6.26 - 7.43) 2.27 (2.02 - 2.56)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.69 (6.32 - 9.33) 2.41 (1.80 - 3.21)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 7.14 (5.70 - 8.90) 2.15 (1.56 - 2.95)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.63 (5.38 - 8.15) 2.36 (1.77 - 3.14)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.54 (4.43 - 6.92) 1.53 (1.10 - 2.14)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 8.38 (7.06 - 9.91) 2.16 (1.62 - 2.86)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.95 (5.95 - 8.11) 2.18 (1.73 - 2.75)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.24 (4.98 - 7.80) 2.57 (1.88 - 3.52)
Regions 17 and 21 7.94 (6.38 - 9.84) 2.34 (1.70 - 3.21)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.80 (4.71 - 7.11) 1.84 (1.41 - 2.42)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.83 (4.67 - 7.26) 1.99 (1.45 - 2.72)
Regions 25 and 30 6.78 (5.45 - 8.42) 2.33 (1.68 - 3.23)
Regions 29 and 34 5.80 (4.48 - 7.47) 1.72 (1.22 - 2.41)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.57 (6.26 - 9.12) 3.38 (2.56 - 4.44)
80208

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 39.10 – Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year in Pennsylvania among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Psychological Distress
in Past Year1
Having at Least One Major Depressive
Episode in Past Year2
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: For Substate Region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2004 substate report. For details, see Section B.7 of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Data for SPD are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the estimates reflect only those aged 18 or older.
2 Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Pennsylvania 11.27 (10.42 - 12.17) 7.16 (6.36 - 8.05)
Region 1 (Allegheny) 13.22 (11.18 - 15.56) 8.07 (6.36 - 10.20)
Regions 2, 3, 8, and 9 11.23 (9.22 - 13.60) 7.29 (5.62 - 9.41)
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 11.22 (9.30 - 13.47) 7.33 (5.64 - 9.48)
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 10.36 (8.59 - 12.44) 7.76 (6.10 - 9.83)
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 39, 45, and 47 11.71 (9.91 - 13.77) 6.88 (5.41 - 8.70)
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 9.13 (7.81 - 10.64) 5.79 (4.54 - 7.35)
Regions 10, 14, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 13.42 (11.02 - 16.25) 7.39 (5.68 - 9.57)
Regions 17 and 21 12.39 (10.12 - 15.08) 7.46 (5.70 - 9.71)
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 10.95 (9.26 - 12.89) 6.86 (5.39 - 8.70)
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 12.07 (10.02 - 14.46) 7.53 (5.77 - 9.78)
Regions 25 and 30 11.27 (9.20 - 13.74) 7.53 (5.75 - 9.80)
Regions 29 and 34 9.90 (8.04 - 12.12) 6.75 (5.18 - 8.75)
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 12.56 (10.67 - 14.73) 8.18 (6.44 - 10.33)

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Figure 39.1.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-1-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.1.2 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-1-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.2.1 Marijuana Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-2-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.2.2 First Use of Marijuana among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Average Annual Rates Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-2-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.2.3 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-2-3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.3.1 Marijuana Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-3-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.3.2 Cocaine Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-3-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.3.3 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-3-3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.4.1 Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-4-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.4.2 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-4-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.4.3 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-4-3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.5.1 Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-5-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.5.2 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-5-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.6.1 Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-6-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.6.2 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-6-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.6.3 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-6-3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.7.1 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-7-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.7.2 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-7-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.8.1 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-8-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.8.2 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-8-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.8.3 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-8-3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.9.1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-9-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.9.2 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-9-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.10.1 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-10-1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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Figure 39.10.2 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in Pennsylvania, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004, 2005, and 2006 NSDUHs

Figure Fig39-10-2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 345 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see Section D of the report on Substate Estimates from the 2004-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.

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