SAMHSA's Tribal Training and Technical Assistance Center

Suicide Prevention

Find organizations, articles, and other resources for suicide prevention.

Find organizations, agencies, and networks for suicide prevention below, or jump to Articles, Guides, Manuals, and Toolkits.

Organizations, Agencies, and Networks

Native-Specific Organizations

The American Indian Institute at the University of Oklahoma
The University of Oklahoma website provides links to materials, services, and prevention programs throughout Indian Country.

The Healthy Aboriginal Network
The Healthy Aboriginal Network promotes health, wellness, and literacy through comic books and animated short films on health and social issues for aboriginal youth.

Indian Health Service (IHS) Division of Behavioral Health
The Division of Behavioral health is responsible for IHS efforts to monitor, treat, and prevent mental and behavioral health conditions and alcohol and substance use. These efforts include suicide prevention. See Programs, Collaborations, Best Practices, and Resources for this information.

One Sky Center
One Sky Center is a National Resource Center for American Indians and Alaska Natives. It is dedicated to improving prevention and treatment of substance use disorders and mental illness across Indian Country. Current initiatives include the Indian Country Meth Initiative, Suicide Prevention, and a Native-to-Native Mentorship Program for graduate students and junior and mid-career faculty interested in research on substance use disorders.

SPRC American Indian/Alaska Native Web Pages
The SPRC American Indian and Alaska Native web pages are a resource for people working to prevent suicide and promote wellness in Native communities.

Turtle Island Native Network: Healing and Wellness
Turtle Island Native Network is a Native-owned and operated suicide prevention website.

Non-Native Organizations

American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention is a 501 (c)(3) organization at the forefront of suicide prevention initiatives, including groundbreaking research, educational campaigns, demonstration projects, and policy work.

Best Practices Registry (BPR) For Suicide Prevention
Section III of the BPR lists programs, practices, policies, protocols, and informational materials whose content has been reviewed according to current program development standards and recommendations. Section III programs and materials are designed for use in specific settings such as schools, communities, clinics, or campuses, as opposed to Section II statements, which offer general guidance to the field.

The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP)
NREPP is a searchable online registry of mental and/or substance use disorder interventions that have been rated by independent reviewers. The registry helps the public identify prevention and treatment approaches for mental illness and substance use disorders. NREPP is one way that SAMHSA works to improve access to information on tested interventions and reduce the time between the creation of scientific knowledge and its practical application.

State of Alaska Suicide Prevention
The Alaska State Suicide Prevention website provides information on suicide, mental health, and related issues among Alaskans.

Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC)
The SPRC provides prevention support, training, and resources to assist organizations, individuals, and communities to develop suicide prevention programs, interventions, and policies, and to advance the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.

Articles, Guides, Manuals, and Toolkits

Native-Specific Resources

30 Years Later: The Long-Term Effect of Boarding Schools on Alaska Natives and Their Communities (PDF | 373 KB)
This report examines how boarding school experiences have affected Alaska Natives and their families.

Aboriginal Youth: A Manual of Promising Suicide Prevention Strategies
Developed by the Centre for Suicide Prevention, this manual provides high-quality, user-friendly information for developing successful programs to prevent suicide among aboriginal youth.

An American Indian and Alaska Native Suicide Prevention Hotline: Literature Review and Discussion with Experts (PDF | 242 KB)
This study by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, with support from SAMHSA, gathered background information on an American Indian and Alaska Native Suicide Prevention Hotline for youth and adults.

Assessment and Planning Toolkit for Suicide Prevention in First Nations Communities (PDF | 999 KB)
This toolkit, developed to help those interested in addressing suicide in their communities, provides a framework to guide First Nations communities in creating suicide prevention plans. It also includes information on suicide prevention to increase awareness and encourage discussion.

A College Suicide Prevention Model for American Indian Students (PDF | 101 KB)
College student suicide prevention efforts are an increasing concern for campus administrators and mental health professionals. This article describes the development and preliminary effectiveness of a campus suicide prevention program designed for American Indian students, who are at higher risk for suicide compared with the general population.

Continuity of Care for Suicide Prevention and Research (PDF | 2 MB)
This comprehensive report offers recommendations for the ongoing care of patients at risk for suicide who have been treated in emergency departments and hospitals. This is the first review of continuity of care as a means to prevent suicide. The report includes ten principles for improved continuity of care, and provides real-world examples of seven integrated systems of care in the U.S. and Europe, including the White Mountain Apache approach.

Cultural Considerations in Adolescent Suicide Prevention and Psychosocial Treatment
Ethnic groups differ in rates of suicidal behaviors among youth, the context within which suicidal behavior occurs, and patterns of help-seeking. In this article, the authors discuss the cultural context of suicidal behavior among African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian American and Pacific Islander, and Latino adolescents, and the implications of these contexts for suicide prevention and treatment.

Ensuring the Seventh Generation: A Youth Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Tribal Child Welfare Programs (PDF | 3.1 MB)
This youth suicide prevention toolkit is published by the National Indian Child Welfare Association to help tribal child welfare workers and care providers take an active role in preventing suicide among the youth they serve.

The Northwest Suicide Prevention Tribal Action Plan (PDF | 443 KB)
The Northwest Suicide Prevention Tribal Action Plan's mission is to reduce suicide rates among American Indians and Alaska Natives living in the Pacific Northwest by increasing tribal capacity and improving collaboration. While the Action Plan was developed for the Northwest Tribes and their partnering agencies, it can be a useful model for other communities.

Spirituality and Attempted Suicide Among American Indians (PDF | 118 KB)
This study examines the relation of spirituality to the lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide among American Indians.

To Live To See the Great Day That Dawns: Preventing Suicide by American Indian and Alaska Native Youth
The purpose of this guide is to support AI/AN communities and those who serve them in developing effective, culturally appropriate suicide prevention plans.

Towards the Development of a Nunavut Suicide Prevention Strategy: A Summary Report on the 2009 Community Consultations (PDF | 1.2 MB)
The Nunavut’s Suicide Prevention Strategy working group released this summary report of the 2009 community consultations on the development of a territorial suicide prevention strategy.

Traditional Healing and Suicide Prevention in Native American Communities: Research and Policy Considerations – 2006 (PDF | 92 KB)
This report explores the integration of traditional healing in suicide prevention research and potential barriers and questions around this issue.

Non-Native Resources

After a Suicide: A Postvention Primer for Providers (PDF | 270 KB)
Developed by Montgomery County Emergency Services, Inc., this guide was written to help providers deal with suicide loss and reviews some basic principles of suicide postvention.

At-A-Glance: Safe Reporting on Suicide (PDF | 274 KB)
The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC) developed this two-page summary of the 2001 publication "Reporting on Suicide: Recommendations for the Media."

Help-Seeking Among Men: Implications for Suicide Prevention (PDF | 171 KB)
The male to female suicide ratio in the U.S. is greater than 4 to 1. A possible explanation for this is gender role behaviors, specifically, the greater involvement of men in high-risk health behaviors and the greater propensity of women to seek and use supports for help when in need. This paper explores what is known about gender differences in help-seeking behavior to determine factors that may promote increased help-seeking among men.

Moving Forward: Comprehensive Integrated Mental Health Plan, 2006-2011
This plan examines the health, safety, quality of life, and economic security of the beneficiaries of the Comprehensive Integrated Mental Health Program and presents next steps for improving these areas.

Preventing Suicide: Program Activities Guide
This program activities guide was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. The CDC continues to research effective prevention strategies and to develop and evaluate new ones. This guide provides an opportunity for the CDC to communicate information in the field as data becomes available.
Reach Out began in Australia in 1992 after the founder lost his cousin to suicide. This site uses youth, web-based media to provide resources and support for youth who might be thinking about suicide.

Reporting on Suicide: Recommendations for the Media (PDF | 156 KB)
This guide was developed to provide the media with recommendations on the safe reporting of suicide. Implementation of recommendations for media coverage of suicide has been shown to decrease suicide rates.

The Role of Faith Communities in Preventing Suicide (PDF | 460 KB)
This is a report of an interfaith suicide prevention dialogue held in 2008 by the SPRC and SAMHSA. This publication is intended to encourage additional faith communities to adopt institutional policies promoting suicide prevention.

Strategic Direction for the Prevention of Suicidal Behavior: Promoting Individual, Family, and Community Connectedness to Prevent Suicidal Behavior (PDF | 507 KB)
This document describes a 5-year vision for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s work to prevent fatal and nonfatal suicidal behavior. The strategic direction proposed is to prevent suicidal behavior by strengthening connectedness or social bonds within and among persons, families, and communities.

Suicide Facts at a Glance (PDF | 140 KB)
This fact sheet was developed and produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Suicide Postvention (PDF | 44 KB)
This article examines suicide postvention by first exploring the consequences of being a survivor and the goals of postvention. Next, the special issues generated by a suicide death and the topics of preparing for, providing, and evaluating suicide postvention are reviewed.

Suicide: The Forever Decision
To help save lives, the best-selling book Suicide the Forever Decision by Paul Quinnett, Ph.D., has been made available in a free electronic format to anyone in the world who wishes to read it or share it with others. Electronic copying, translation, and distribution is strongly encouraged.

Understanding Suicide: Fact Sheet (PDF | 310 KB)
This fact sheet was developed and produced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review
World Cultural Psychiatry Research Review (2008) - Vol. 3, N. 2: Suicide and Culture.

Last Updated: 02/02/2016