SAMHSA "Short Reports" on Statistics
SAMHSA's Office of Applied Studies (OAS) recently released several "short reports"
based on statistics and data from the National Survey on Drug Use
and Health (NSDUH), formerly known as the National Household Survey
on Drug Abuse, and from the Drug and Alcohol Services Information
Substance Abuse Treatment Among Veterans
The proportion of substance abuse treatment admissions among veterans
declined from 10 percent in 1995 to 7 percent in 2000, according
to a new SAMHSA report. However, the proportion of veteran admissions
among females increased from 4 percent in 1995 to 6 percent in 2000.
The report also points to an important change in the age of veterans
Alcohol Use and Risks by College Enrollment Status
Full-time college students age 18 to 21 had higher rates of binge
drinking (consuming five or more drinks on the same occasion at
least 1 day in the past 30 days) than non-students in the same age
group. Full-time students also were more likely to drive while under
the influence of alcohol than non-students. However, non-students
were less likely than full-time students to use seat belts while
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Quantity and Frequency of Cigarette Use
Data from the 2002 NSDUH survey showed that 26 percent of respondents
age 12 or older were current smokers, and 63 percent of current
smokers were daily smokers. Current smokers age 26 and older were
more likely to be daily smokers than smokers age 18 to 25 or smokers
age 12 to 17. A higher percentage of current female smokers smoked
on a daily basis than current male smokers.
Substance Use in the 10 Largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas
SAMHSA reports that the rate of past- month illicit drug use was
higher than the national average in the Boston, Detroit, and Chicago
metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) during the combined years
of 1999 to 2001. Among the 10 largest MSAs, the Boston, Chicago,
and Philadelphia MSAs had higher rates of binge drinking than the
national average. Only the Detroit MSA had a rate of past-month
cigarette use that was higher than the national average.
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Substance Use Among School Dropouts
In 2002, approximately 3.2 million 18- to 24-year-olds were considered
to be school dropouts. The 2002 NSDUH data show that more than half
of school dropouts smoked cigarettes during the past month. School
dropouts were less likely to have used alcohol during the past month
than non-dropouts, but rates of illicit drug use were similar among
the two groups.
Discharges from Outpatient Treatment: 2000
Data from the 2000 Treatment Episode Data Set reveal that 34 percent
of outpatient substance abuse treatment episodes involved individuals
who completed treatment while 8 percent involved those who were
transferred to further treatment. The outpatient treatment completion
rate was highest, at 41 percent, for episodes where alcohol was
the primary substance. The median length of stay for completed outpatient
treatment episodes was 91 days.
|The full text of each report
is available online in both PDF and HTML format at www.oas.samhsa.gov.
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