Treatment Admissions Increase for Opiates, Marijuana, Methamphetamine
The proportion of admissions to substance abuse treatment for abuse
of narcotic prescription medications, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine
increased in the past 10 years, while admissions to treatment for
cocaine abuse declined. SAMHSA released these data and other treatment-related
highlights in the Treatment
Episode Data Set Summary of Findings: 2002. The full Treatment
Episode Data Set (TEDS) will be released later this year.
The new data show that heroin abuse is the primary reason for
admission to treatment in 15 percent of cases, up from 11 percent
of admissions in 1992. For other opiates—largely prescription
narcotic pain medications—admissions increased from less than
1 percent of all admissions in 1992 to 2 percent in 2002.
Marijuana admissions increased from 6 percent of all admissions
in 1992 to 15 percent in 2002. While the average age at admission
was 34 years old for all admissions, the average age of admission
for primary marijuana abuse was 23 years old.
Methamphetamine admissions also jumped from 1992 to 2002. For
abuse of stimulants (mainly methamphetamines), admissions increased
from 1 percent to 7 percent in 10 years. Cocaine admissions, on
the other hand, declined from 18 percent of admissions in 1992 to
13 percent in 2002.
SAMHSA Administrator Charles G. Curie, M.A., A.C.S.W., noted that
"we must provide people in need an opportunity for recovery
by encouraging them to enter and remain in drug treatment."
Alcohol is still the most abused substance among those entering
substance abuse treatment. The TEDS data show that it accounted
for 43 percent of admissions in 2002, but this is down from 59 percent
of admissions in 1992. Further, 45 percent of today's primary alcohol
abuse admissions reported secondary drug abuse as well.
This new report provides information on the demographic and substance
abuse characteristics of the 1.9 million annual admissions to treatment
for abuse of alcohol and drugs in facilities that report to individual
state administrative data systems. This summary report is issued
in advance of the full TEDS
Report for 1992-2002. The full report will include additional
data, including state data and state rates.
The summary report is available on the Web at wwwdasis.samhsa.gov/teds02/index.htm.
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