Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF)

The SPF uses a five-step planning process to guide states, jurisdictions, tribes, and communities in the selection, implementation, and evaluation of effective, culturally appropriate, and sustainable prevention activities.

The SPF process:

  • Promotes youth development
  • Reduces risk-taking behaviors
  • Builds assets and resilience
  • Prevents problem behaviors across the life span of the programs

The idea behind the SPF is to use findings from public health research along with evidence-based prevention programs to build capacity and sustainable prevention. This, in turn, promotes resilience and decreases risk factors in individuals, families, and communities.

Diagram showing the five steps of the Strategic Prevention Framework centered around the guiding principles of sustainability and cultural competence.

Download the Strategic Prevention Framework image (JPG | 65 KB).

SPF steps require states, territories, federally recognized tribes and tribal organizations, and communities to systematically:

  1. Assess their prevention needs based on epidemiological data
  2. Build their prevention capacity
  3. Develop a strategic plan
  4. Implement effective community prevention programs, policies, and practices
  5. Evaluate their efforts for outcomes

The SPF is built on a community-based risk and protective factors approach to prevention. Also, there is a series of guiding principles that can be utilized at the federal, state or tribal, and community levels.

Last Updated: 01/07/2016