Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN)

SAMHSA is re-establishing the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), a nationwide public health surveillance system that will improve emergency department (ED) monitoring of substance use crises, including those related to opioids.

DAWN will retain the valuable aspects of legacy DAWN, such as direct chart review to identify DAWN cases, an inclusive case definition in order to identify all ED visits related to substance use (not just abuse), and collecting detailed information about the drugs involved in ED visits, using the most specific terminologies available in the ED records (for example, brand names or slang terms). Important improvements to new DAWN include improved timeliness of data, data available at more frequent intervals, and data for a wider range of geographic types, including urban, suburban, and rural areas. Having data available more quickly means that DAWN can serve as a true “early warning” system and inform public health response efforts in local areas.

Where Do the Data Come From?

The data will come from non-Federal, general hospitals with EDs that are open 24 hours a day/7 days a week. Recruitment of hospitals began in 2019 and will continue until the target of 50 participating hospitals is met. Participation by hospitals is optional.

In comparison to legacy DAWN (DAWN data collection through 2011), which produced estimates of drug-related ED visits for the Nation and a selection of metropolitan areas, DAWN will function as a smaller-scale sentinel surveillance system, or an ‘early warning’ system. DAWN will focus on detecting “outbreaks,” i.e., sudden increases in ED visits for specific drugs, identifying new and novel psychoactive substances, monitoring the magnitude of the health effects from substance use (as reflected in ED visits), and documenting the geographic, temporal, and demographic distribution of the problems to inform planning and policy at the local, state, and national levels. 

Our Products

Description:

Annual reports are produced every year, presenting information from a single data source.

Location:
National
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Annual Report

Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2010: Area Profiles of Drug-related Mortality
Annual Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - October 09, 2014
2010: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits
Annual Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 30, 2014
2011: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits 
Annual Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 30, 2014
Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2010
Annual Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 30, 2014
Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2011: Annual report and reference materials
Annual Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 30, 2014
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Description:

These tables provide estimates, including by demographic, geographic, and socioeconomic groups.

Location:
National
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Data Table

National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - All Misuse and Abuse
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - June 10, 2014
National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - Illicits (excluding alcohol)
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - June 10, 2014
Miami - Fort Lauderdale Div: Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2008-2011 - Adverse Reactions
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 30, 2014
National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - All Visits
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 21, 2014
National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - Accidental Ingestions
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
Boston: Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - Adverse Reactions
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - All Alcohol
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
Detroit: Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - Adverse Reactions
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - Adverse Reactions
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
Boston: Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits, 2004-2011 - All Alcohol
Data Table | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 19, 2014
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Description:

Short Reports are one-time publications that include facts, tables, graphics, and “In Brief” summaries to provide context on important topics.

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National, states, substates, or metro area
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Short Report

Emergency Department Visits Involving the Accidental Ingestion of Opioid Pain Relievers by Children Aged 1 to 5
Short Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - November 30, 2017
Emergency Department Visits Involving Underage Alcohol Misuse: 2010 to 2013
Short Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - May 16, 2017
Temporal Patterns of Emergency Department Visits Related to Underage Drinking
Short Report | Survey: Drug Abuse Warning Network - January 20, 2017
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Description:

Spotlights are used to highlight a single important fact and contextualize it using very brief text and minimal graphics.

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National, states, substates, or metro area
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Spotlight

Latest Survey Resources

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