National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Comparison of the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 Population Percentages (Substate Regions)

NOTE: The methodology used to conduct significance testing for substate estimates between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs and to calculate p values is provided here.

160414
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 8.13a (7.93 - 8.34) 9.58 (9.36 - 9.79) 0.000
Northeast 8.48a (8.09 - 8.88) 10.08   (9.64 - 10.54) 0.000
Midwest 7.83a (7.53 - 8.14) 8.99 (8.64 - 9.34) 0.000
South 7.50a (7.23 - 7.77) 8.29 (7.98 - 8.62) 0.000
West 9.15a (8.70 - 9.62) 11.77 (11.25 - 12.30) 0.000
Alabama 6.82 (5.87 - 7.91) 7.81 (6.70 - 9.09) 0.133
Region 1 6.19 (4.77 - 8.00) 6.81 (5.22 - 8.83) 0.503
Region 2 7.70 (6.21 - 9.52) 8.94   (7.22 - 11.02) 0.230
Region 3 6.73 (5.19 - 8.69) 7.55 (5.96 - 9.51) 0.390
Region 4 6.41 (5.04 - 8.12) 7.67 (5.91 - 9.90) 0.187
Alaska 12.28 (10.79 - 13.93) 13.84 (12.23 - 15.62) 0.147
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 14.04 (11.90 - 16.48) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 15.75 (12.64 - 19.46) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 12.46   (9.94 - 15.51) --
Southeast 11.66   (8.92 - 15.11) 12.50   (9.60 - 16.13) 0.627
Arizona 8.48a (7.30 - 9.82) 10.65   (9.25 - 12.23) 0.012
Maricopa 8.33a (6.94 - 9.95) 10.78   (9.13 - 12.70) 0.017
Pima 9.00a   (6.96 - 11.56) 12.06   (9.34 - 15.44) 0.038
Rural North 9.65   (7.40 - 12.50) 10.09   (7.47 - 13.50) 0.768
Rural South 7.36   (5.38 - 10.00) 8.89   (6.65 - 11.80) 0.192
Arkansas1 7.61 (6.63 - 8.72) 8.37 (7.22 - 9.68) 0.247
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 8.20   (6.41 - 10.43) --
Catchment Area 2 6.59 (5.01 - 8.64) 7.45 (5.59 - 9.86) 0.405
Catchment Area 3 7.60 (5.88 - 9.78) 8.65   (6.66 - 11.16) 0.352
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 8.06   (5.96 - 10.81) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 9.66   (7.52 - 12.33) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 8.80   (6.59 - 11.65) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 7.84   (5.79 - 10.55) --
Catchment Area 8 9.17   (7.21 - 11.60) 8.12   (6.18 - 10.60) 0.375
California 9.13a (8.43 - 9.89) 11.49 (10.72 - 12.30) 0.000
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 15.80 (12.58 - 19.65) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 13.96 (11.11 - 17.40) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 12.19   (9.87 - 14.96) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 13.86 (11.39 - 16.77) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 19.46 (14.99 - 24.89) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 7.23a (5.60 - 9.29) 9.35   (7.48 - 11.63) 0.047
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 11.70   (9.18 - 14.78) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 13.46 (10.88 - 16.52) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 11.21   (8.53 - 14.59) --
Region 10 10.09   (7.95 - 12.73) 11.99   (9.48 - 15.05) 0.150
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 8.15a (7.06 - 9.38) 10.92   (9.86 - 12.09) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 12.52   (9.90 - 15.72) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 10.57   (8.62 - 12.90) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 7.96   (6.19 - 10.18) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 12.80 (10.15 - 16.01) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 13.18 (10.43 - 16.52) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 10.27   (8.21 - 12.77) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 11.46   (9.33 - 14.00) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 11.69   (8.98 - 15.08) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 10.19   (8.34 - 12.40) --
Region 14 (Orange) 8.42   (6.90 - 10.23) 9.76   (8.07 - 11.76) 0.189
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 10.73   (8.47 - 13.49) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 11.65   (9.70 - 13.92) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 9.64   (7.74 - 11.94) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 9.92   (8.07 - 12.14) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 11.76   (9.30 - 14.76) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 13.23 (10.40 - 16.69) --
Colorado 10.48a   (9.15 - 11.98) 15.82 (14.08 - 17.74) 0.000
Region 1 9.04a   (7.11 - 11.44) 15.10 (12.02 - 18.80) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 11.25a   (9.48 - 13.32) 16.75 (14.49 - 19.29) 0.000
Region 3 9.78a   (7.63 - 12.46) 13.28 (10.49 - 16.67) 0.026
Region 4 8.74a   (6.46 - 11.72) 13.79 (10.28 - 18.25) 0.001
Regions 5 and 6 10.01a   (7.70 - 12.91) 16.34 (12.71 - 20.77) 0.001
Connecticut 8.52a (7.43 - 9.76) 10.38   (9.12 - 11.80) 0.014
Eastern 9.07   (7.03 - 11.64) 11.08   (8.75 - 13.95) 0.117
North Central 8.61   (6.87 - 10.73) 10.33   (8.29 - 12.80) 0.146
Northwestern 10.20   (8.00 - 12.93) 8.57   (6.65 - 10.97) 0.206
South Central 8.43a   (6.81 - 10.39) 11.89   (9.63 - 14.58) 0.004
Southwest 6.65a (5.07 - 8.68) 9.82   (7.68 - 12.47) 0.003
Delaware 8.51a (7.52 - 9.61) 10.02   (8.81 - 11.39) 0.035
Kent 8.17   (6.37 - 10.44) 9.19   (7.19 - 11.66) 0.378
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 8.97a   (7.74 - 10.38) 11.01   (9.40 - 12.84) 0.037
Sussex 6.98 (5.45 - 8.91) 7.48 (5.74 - 9.70) 0.600
Wilmington City 9.84b   (7.41 - 12.96) 12.73   (9.47 - 16.89) 0.069
District of Columbia 10.37a   (8.98 - 11.95) 14.81 (13.19 - 16.58) 0.000
Ward 1 12.85   (9.84 - 16.61) 14.81 (11.68 - 18.60) 0.316
Ward 2 11.84a   (9.14 - 15.21) 16.55 (13.12 - 20.67) 0.012
Ward 3 9.73a   (7.51 - 12.51) 13.22 (10.44 - 16.60) 0.027
Ward 4 7.73a   (5.68 - 10.44) 14.14 (11.05 - 17.92) 0.000
Ward 5 9.54a   (7.32 - 12.34) 14.55 (11.65 - 18.03) 0.002
Ward 6 10.75a   (8.00 - 14.31) 14.58 (11.48 - 18.35) 0.040
Ward 7 10.10a   (7.66 - 13.21) 14.44 (11.06 - 18.65) 0.014
Ward 8 10.56a   (8.25 - 13.42) 16.21 (13.13 - 19.84) 0.001
Florida1 8.36 (7.73 - 9.04) 8.97 (8.29 - 9.69) 0.171
Broward (Circuit 17) 8.65   (7.09 - 10.52) 8.65   (7.02 - 10.60) 0.995
Central I -- (-- - --) 9.20   (7.90 - 10.69) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 8.99   (7.42 - 10.86) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 9.50   (7.58 - 11.84) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 9.15   (8.13 - 10.28) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 9.72   (7.78 - 12.09) --
Circuit 10 7.53 (5.88 - 9.61) 8.38   (6.58 - 10.61) 0.386
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 7.83 (6.12 - 9.98) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 10.37   (8.49 - 12.62) --
Circuit 20 6.09a (4.72 - 7.82) 8.50   (6.68 - 10.77) 0.015
Northeast -- (-- - --) 9.84   (8.70 - 11.11) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 10.27   (8.30 - 12.63) --
Circuit 5 5.29a (4.02 - 6.91) 8.36   (6.55 - 10.60) 0.001
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 9.24   (7.35 - 11.56) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 12.97 (10.50 - 15.92) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 11.20   (9.66 - 12.96) --
Circuit 1 9.63   (7.61 - 12.12) 10.22   (8.02 - 12.94) 0.621
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 13.83 (11.16 - 17.01) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 9.64   (7.35 - 12.56) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 7.21 (5.97 - 8.69) 6.55 (5.47 - 7.82) 0.394
Southeast -- (-- - --) 8.52   (7.12 - 10.16) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 7.92 (6.34 - 9.86) 8.04 (6.45 - 9.99) 0.907
Circuit 19 6.93a (5.31 - 9.00) 9.57   (7.30 - 12.46) 0.016
Georgia 7.89a (6.80 - 9.15) 9.53   (8.30 - 10.92) 0.028
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 8.71   (6.92 - 10.92) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 9.26   (7.16 - 11.89) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 9.94   (8.10 - 12.15) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 8.61   (6.43 - 11.44) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 10.14   (7.67 - 13.29) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 10.33   (8.06 - 13.16) --
Hawaii 8.68   (7.40 - 10.16) 10.16   (8.82 - 11.69) 0.122
Hawaii Island 10.68   (7.99 - 14.13) 11.22   (8.43 - 14.77) 0.754
Honolulu 7.47a (6.23 - 8.94) 9.54   (8.07 - 11.26) 0.036
Kauai -- (-- - --) 11.67   (8.54 - 15.74) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 12.11   (9.25 - 15.69) --
Idaho 6.82 (5.89 - 7.88) 7.43 (6.39 - 8.61) 0.338
Region 1 7.23 (5.47 - 9.51) 6.88 (5.23 - 9.00) 0.733
Region 2 8.45   (6.42 - 11.04) 9.61   (7.07 - 12.95) 0.355
Region 3 6.34 (4.84 - 8.27) 6.39 (4.88 - 8.33) 0.957
Region 4 7.27 (5.79 - 9.09) 8.50   (6.85 - 10.50) 0.233
Region 5 6.45 (4.90 - 8.46) 6.57 (4.95 - 8.66) 0.901
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 7.70   (5.68 - 10.35) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 6.51 (4.91 - 8.58) --
Illinois 7.58a (6.96 - 8.24) 9.20 (8.52 - 9.94) 0.000
Region I (Cook) 8.77a (7.79 - 9.86) 10.55   (9.39 - 11.84) 0.016
Region II 6.85 (5.94 - 7.88) 7.87 (6.95 - 8.91) 0.110
Region III 6.75a (5.68 - 8.00) 9.14   (7.67 - 10.85) 0.003
Region IV 6.26a (5.09 - 7.69) 8.21   (6.65 - 10.08) 0.023
Region V 6.44a (5.37 - 7.71) 8.66   (7.15 - 10.45) 0.007
Indiana 7.77 (6.77 - 8.91) 8.87   (7.70 - 10.19) 0.103
Central 8.62   (6.87 - 10.76) 8.96   (7.12 - 11.20) 0.762
East 8.01   (6.06 - 10.50) 9.50   (7.32 - 12.24) 0.192
North Central 8.05   (6.25 - 10.32) 8.02   (6.29 - 10.17) 0.974
Northeast 6.03a (4.47 - 8.08) 8.48   (6.43 - 11.11) 0.016
Northwest 7.23 (5.46 - 9.52) 8.33   (6.31 - 10.92) 0.303
Southeast 6.40a (4.83 - 8.43) 8.75   (6.61 - 11.50) 0.028
Southwest 8.07   (6.10 - 10.60) 8.38   (6.25 - 11.17) 0.784
West 8.56b   (6.64 - 10.99) 10.59   (8.19 - 13.59) 0.089
Iowa 5.99 (5.10 - 7.03) 6.69 (5.70 - 7.84) 0.259
Central 6.11 (4.61 - 8.07) 5.81 (4.37 - 7.68) 0.736
North Central 6.76 (5.11 - 8.90) 8.30   (6.34 - 10.79) 0.120
Northeast 6.01 (4.73 - 7.62) 6.59 (5.14 - 8.41) 0.503
Northwest 5.08 (3.75 - 6.84) 6.28 (4.66 - 8.42) 0.163
Southeast 6.31 (4.83 - 8.19) 7.26 (5.56 - 9.41) 0.342
Southwest 5.71 (4.13 - 7.84) 6.14 (4.57 - 8.19) 0.626
Kansas 6.42 (5.49 - 7.51) 6.78 (5.78 - 7.95) 0.555
Kansas City Metro 6.96 (5.55 - 8.68) 7.59 (6.03 - 9.52) 0.505
Northeast 5.99 (4.60 - 7.76) 6.59 (5.00 - 8.63) 0.503
South Central 6.36 (4.75 - 8.46) 5.65 (4.23 - 7.52) 0.426
Southeast 6.04 (4.40 - 8.23) 7.38   (5.33 - 10.14) 0.170
West 4.99 (3.68 - 6.72) 5.83 (4.29 - 7.90) 0.252
Wichita (Sedgwick) 7.20 (5.47 - 9.42) 6.61 (5.01 - 8.67) 0.539
Kentucky 8.96   (7.80 - 10.27) 7.86 (6.79 - 9.08) 0.136
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 6.43 (4.89 - 8.40) 6.41 (4.92 - 8.31) 0.989
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 10.33   (8.45 - 12.57) 8.57   (6.83 - 10.71) 0.134
Communicare and River Valley 8.54   (6.42 - 11.27) 7.67   (5.77 - 10.13) 0.476
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 7.78   (5.78 - 10.40) 6.65 (4.88 - 9.01) 0.281
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 7.91   (5.96 - 10.44) 6.68 (5.01 - 8.85) 0.245
Seven Counties 10.51   (8.40 - 13.09) 9.22   (7.26 - 11.63) 0.319
Louisiana 7.98 (7.00 - 9.08) 8.11 (7.03 - 9.34) 0.838
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 10.10   (8.08 - 12.56) --
Region 1 9.88   (7.60 - 12.77) 11.03   (8.29 - 14.53) 0.422
Region 10 (Jefferson) 8.47   (6.36 - 11.18) 9.14   (6.78 - 12.22) 0.598
Regions 2 and 9 8.18   (6.62 - 10.08) 8.43   (6.87 - 10.29) 0.812
Region 3 7.57 (5.70 - 9.99) 7.80   (5.76 - 10.48) 0.842
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 7.35 (5.68 - 9.46) --
Regions 7 and 8 7.63 (6.08 - 9.53) 6.88 (5.35 - 8.82) 0.439
Maine1 9.26a   (8.07 - 10.61) 12.85 (11.32 - 14.54) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 11.79   (9.27 - 14.87) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 10.19   (7.65 - 13.46) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 13.08   (9.55 - 17.66) --
Central -- (-- - --) 12.75 (10.12 - 15.94) --
Cumberland 10.55a   (8.49 - 13.05) 13.96 (11.27 - 17.15) 0.021
Midcoast 8.03a   (6.12 - 10.47) 12.46   (9.40 - 16.32) 0.003
Penquis -- (-- - --) 14.58 (11.54 - 18.26) --
Western -- (-- - --) 13.52 (10.81 - 16.78) --
York 7.75b   (5.96 - 10.03) 10.32   (7.92 - 13.35) 0.052
Maryland 6.94a (5.97 - 8.04) 9.69   (8.47 - 11.05) 0.000
Anne Arundel 7.19a (5.33 - 9.63) 9.67   (7.35 - 12.62) 0.036
Baltimore City 9.63a   (7.38 - 12.46) 13.13 (10.31 - 16.57) 0.019
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 9.78   (7.51 - 12.63) --
Montgomery 6.42a (4.93 - 8.33) 8.91   (6.86 - 11.51) 0.017
North Central -- (-- - --) 7.76   (5.75 - 10.39) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 9.55   (7.23 - 12.51) --
Prince George's 7.08a (5.43 - 9.17) 10.52   (8.25 - 13.33) 0.003
South -- (-- - --) 8.00   (5.94 - 10.68) --
West -- (-- - --) 9.21   (7.07 - 11.90) --
Massachusetts 9.37a   (8.23 - 10.64) 12.33 (10.94 - 13.87) 0.000
Boston 12.15   (9.60 - 15.28) 14.83 (11.91 - 18.32) 0.109
Central 8.50a   (6.58 - 10.91) 12.57   (9.83 - 15.93) 0.003
Metrowest 8.68a   (7.03 - 10.67) 11.59   (9.27 - 14.40) 0.019
Northeast 8.36a   (6.65 - 10.45) 11.60   (9.30 - 14.39) 0.009
Southeast 9.36a   (7.50 - 11.62) 12.17   (9.76 - 15.07) 0.036
Western 10.38   (8.24 - 13.00) 12.35   (9.90 - 15.31) 0.133
Michigan1 9.18a (8.53 - 9.87) 11.34 (10.56 - 12.18) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 11.33   (9.01 - 14.17) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 9.42   (7.32 - 12.03) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 10.65   (9.02 - 12.53) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 10.83   (8.98 - 13.01) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 12.20 (10.62 - 13.97) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 9.88   (8.21 - 11.85) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 13.14 (11.35 - 15.18) --
Region 8 8.31 (6.96 - 9.90) 9.43   (7.82 - 11.32) 0.243
Region 9 8.59a   (7.10 - 10.37) 11.62   (9.67 - 13.91) 0.005
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 12.74 (10.53 - 15.35) --
Minnesota 7.41 (6.41 - 8.56) 8.32 (7.17 - 9.62) 0.175
Regions 1 and 2 8.39   (6.31 - 11.08) 7.80   (5.68 - 10.62) 0.624
Regions 3 and 4 6.53 (5.09 - 8.34) 7.85   (6.07 - 10.10) 0.164
Regions 5 and 6 6.46 (5.04 - 8.25) 7.58 (5.89 - 9.72) 0.215
Region 7A (Hennepin) 9.04   (7.14 - 11.39) 8.91   (7.00 - 11.28) 0.913
Region 7B (Ramsey) 8.70   (6.49 - 11.56) 10.86   (8.10 - 14.41) 0.126
Region 7C 6.05b (4.68 - 7.80) 7.81 (6.23 - 9.77) 0.054
Mississippi 6.18a (5.29 - 7.21) 8.13 (6.99 - 9.43) 0.002
Region 1 5.24a (4.01 - 6.82) 8.52   (6.66 - 10.83) 0.001
Region 2 6.36a (4.84 - 8.32) 8.86   (6.78 - 11.50) 0.016
Region 3 5.77 (4.34 - 7.63) 6.88 (5.26 - 8.96) 0.208
Region 4 6.23a (4.79 - 8.05) 8.79   (6.81 - 11.29) 0.009
Region 5 5.44a (3.92 - 7.50) 7.47   (5.35 - 10.34) 0.036
Region 6 6.61 (4.94 - 8.79) 6.82 (5.17 - 8.94) 0.829
Region 7 7.62   (5.72 - 10.08) 8.45   (6.42 - 11.05) 0.451
Missouri 8.40 (7.30 - 9.65) 8.61 (7.51 - 9.85) 0.766
Central 9.30   (7.31 - 11.77) 8.46   (6.71 - 10.61) 0.445
Eastern 8.61   (7.04 - 10.49) 8.97   (7.43 - 10.79) 0.699
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 8.84   (6.90 - 11.25) 9.81   (7.80 - 12.27) 0.414
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 8.14   (6.17 - 10.66) 7.53 (5.77 - 9.78) 0.574
Northwest 9.03   (7.40 - 10.97) 9.43   (7.66 - 11.55) 0.690
Northwest (Jackson) 10.62   (8.18 - 13.67) 10.66   (8.19 - 13.75) 0.980
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 7.59 (5.75 - 9.95) 8.39   (6.37 - 10.98) 0.453
Southeast 7.05 (5.30 - 9.32) 7.05 (5.32 - 9.28) 1.000
Southwest 7.20 (5.59 - 9.22) 7.85   (6.01 - 10.20) 0.532
Montana 10.13   (8.90 - 11.52) 11.17   (9.84 - 12.65) 0.215
Region 1 8.60   (6.47 - 11.35) 8.54   (6.24 - 11.58) 0.959
Region 2 10.12   (7.91 - 12.85) 11.38   (8.97 - 14.33) 0.385
Region 3 8.84   (6.96 - 11.16) 10.92   (8.73 - 13.59) 0.103
Region 4 10.61   (8.75 - 12.82) 10.94   (8.80 - 13.52) 0.801
Region 5 11.04   (9.01 - 13.47) 12.11   (9.95 - 14.66) 0.440
Nebraska 7.00 (6.06 - 8.06) 7.13 (6.10 - 8.31) 0.826
Regions 1 and 2 5.60b (4.08 - 7.63) 7.26 (5.55 - 9.45) 0.066
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 7.14 (5.11 - 9.90) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 7.37   (5.26 - 10.22) --
Region 3 7.02 (5.38 - 9.11) 6.21 (4.72 - 8.13) 0.367
Region 4 5.99 (4.47 - 7.98) 5.86 (4.20 - 8.12) 0.886
Region 5 7.27 (5.84 - 9.01) 6.54 (5.15 - 8.25) 0.388
Region 6 7.55 (6.16 - 9.22) 8.06 (6.57 - 9.84) 0.559
Nevada1 9.58   (8.16 - 11.21) 10.43   (8.95 - 12.12) 0.385
Clark – Region 1 9.41   (7.73 - 11.42) 10.39   (8.71 - 12.34) 0.400
Region 3 8.47   (6.49 - 10.99) 9.25   (7.06 - 12.02) 0.530
Capital District -- (-- - --) 10.12   (7.18 - 14.08) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 8.45   (6.03 - 11.73) --
Washoe – Region 2 11.25   (8.99 - 13.99) 11.55   (9.08 - 14.58) 0.835
New Hampshire 10.70   (9.39 - 12.17) 12.12 (10.78 - 13.61) 0.121
Central 10.06a   (8.46 - 11.93) 12.85 (10.89 - 15.10) 0.013
Central 1 10.20a   (8.27 - 12.53) 14.29 (11.66 - 17.40) 0.003
Central 2 9.92   (7.81 - 12.53) 11.44   (9.10 - 14.28) 0.280
Northern 9.86a   (7.71 - 12.53) 13.22 (10.48 - 16.56) 0.017
Southern 11.19   (9.54 - 13.09) 11.53   (9.98 - 13.28) 0.763
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 10.40   (8.23 - 13.05) 10.38   (8.42 - 12.72) 0.988
Southern 2 11.68   (9.69 - 14.01) 12.25 (10.24 - 14.58) 0.678
New Jersey 6.61a (5.66 - 7.70) 7.97 (6.87 - 9.23) 0.038
Central 7.01 (5.49 - 8.91) 7.45 (5.89 - 9.39) 0.644
Metropolitan 7.15 (5.62 - 9.06) 7.76 (6.08 - 9.86) 0.536
Northern 6.05a (4.78 - 7.62) 7.91 (6.28 - 9.92) 0.044
Southern 6.42a (4.97 - 8.24) 8.87   (7.02 - 11.14) 0.012
New Mexico 10.43   (9.01 - 12.04) 11.29   (9.86 - 12.91) 0.365
Region 1 10.97   (8.49 - 14.05) 11.27   (8.90 - 14.16) 0.847
Region 2 10.16   (7.61 - 13.46) 10.48   (7.95 - 13.70) 0.841
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 11.60   (9.43 - 14.19) 13.76 (11.25 - 16.73) 0.157
Region 4 8.62   (6.54 - 11.30) 9.20   (7.10 - 11.84) 0.645
Region 5 9.47   (7.52 - 11.87) 9.18   (7.23 - 11.59) 0.812
New York 9.16a (8.45 - 9.92) 10.41   (9.65 - 11.22) 0.015
Region A 9.13a   (8.11 - 10.26) 10.57   (9.49 - 11.76) 0.035
Region 1 9.12   (7.27 - 11.39) 8.77   (7.09 - 10.80) 0.746
Region 2 8.77a   (7.25 - 10.58) 12.08 (10.22 - 14.22) 0.005
Region 3 13.41 (11.11 - 16.10) 12.81 (10.47 - 15.58) 0.685
Region 4 6.55 (5.21 - 8.21) 8.01 (6.47 - 9.89) 0.119
Region B -- (-- - --) 10.19   (9.01 - 11.52) --
Region 5 8.54a   (7.21 - 10.10) 10.48   (8.90 - 12.30) 0.050
Region 6 7.56b (6.09 - 9.35) 9.42   (7.54 - 11.71) 0.059
Region 7 9.05   (7.18 - 11.36) 10.49   (8.34 - 13.10) 0.224
Region C -- (-- - --) 10.23   (9.20 - 11.37) --
Region 8 10.78   (8.83 - 13.08) 11.34   (9.29 - 13.79) 0.652
Region 9 10.24   (8.43 - 12.38) 9.31   (7.49 - 11.51) 0.424
Region 10 10.67   (8.64 - 13.11) 11.03   (8.60 - 14.05) 0.782
Region 11 10.24   (8.48 - 12.31) 10.49   (8.59 - 12.75) 0.830
Region 12 9.06   (7.45 - 10.97) 9.48   (7.79 - 11.49) 0.684
Region D 9.09a   (7.85 - 10.50) 10.73   (9.19 - 12.48) 0.045
Region 13 8.26a   (6.51 - 10.42) 11.35   (8.93 - 14.32) 0.008
Region 14 8.87   (6.93 - 11.27) 9.72   (7.44 - 12.60) 0.475
Region 15 10.03   (8.06 - 12.41) 11.17   (8.88 - 13.97) 0.374
North Carolina 7.33 (6.32 - 8.48) 8.19 (7.10 - 9.43) 0.197
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 8.92   (6.84 - 11.54) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 7.06 (5.28 - 9.37) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 7.64   (5.72 - 10.14) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 8.10   (6.12 - 10.65) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 9.78   (7.37 - 12.86) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 7.56   (5.60 - 10.14) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 6.70 (4.95 - 9.03) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 8.26   (6.26 - 10.83) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 7.51   (5.40 - 10.35) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 9.45   (7.01 - 12.62) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 8.30   (6.11 - 11.18) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 7.97   (5.79 - 10.86) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 8.26   (6.23 - 10.86) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 9.39   (6.96 - 12.55) --
North Dakota 7.12 (6.11 - 8.28) 6.85 (5.91 - 7.94) 0.690
Badlands and West Central 5.88 (4.53 - 7.62) 6.04 (4.74 - 7.67) 0.850
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 5.53 (3.93 - 7.72) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 6.84 (5.10 - 9.11) --
Northeast 7.54 (5.79 - 9.75) 8.62   (6.79 - 10.88) 0.310
Northwest -- (-- - --) 6.97 (4.96 - 9.72) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 6.16 (4.41 - 8.54) --
Southeast 8.67   (7.13 - 10.51) 7.29 (5.86 - 9.03) 0.149
Ohio 8.01a (7.44 - 8.62) 9.35   (8.64 - 10.11) 0.002
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 6.79 (5.37 - 8.56) 7.57 (5.82 - 9.79) 0.407
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.99a (4.69 - 7.63) 8.28   (6.40 - 10.65) 0.011
Boards 4 and 78 7.85   (6.06 - 10.10) 9.82   (7.47 - 12.81) 0.106
Boards 5 and 60 8.28a   (6.47 - 10.53) 11.61   (9.30 - 14.41) 0.006
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 7.00 (5.46 - 8.93) 7.68 (5.92 - 9.90) 0.470
Boards 8, 13, and 83 7.61 (5.98 - 9.62) 7.32 (5.67 - 9.40) 0.769
Board 9 (Butler) 7.57b (6.02 - 9.48) 9.48   (7.29 - 12.25) 0.071
Board 12 8.74   (6.93 - 10.96) 9.19   (7.12 - 11.79) 0.671
Boards 18 and 47 8.21 (6.94 - 9.69) 8.98   (7.48 - 10.74) 0.387
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.66 (4.31 - 7.40) 6.75 (5.06 - 8.95) 0.240
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 6.98 (5.52 - 8.80) 7.33 (5.75 - 9.30) 0.694
Boards 22, 74, and 87 6.59 (5.10 - 8.47) 8.00   (6.20 - 10.26) 0.127
Boards 23 and 45 6.97b (5.43 - 8.91) 8.66   (6.78 - 11.01) 0.086
Board 25 (Franklin) 9.39a   (7.89 - 11.14) 13.06 (10.95 - 15.50) 0.003
Boards 27, 71, and 73 6.25a (4.82 - 8.08) 9.45   (7.44 - 11.93) 0.003
Boards 28, 43, and 67 6.74a (5.39 - 8.39) 8.90   (7.10 - 11.10) 0.019
Board 31 (Hamilton) 8.86   (7.23 - 10.82) 10.46   (8.53 - 12.77) 0.149
Board 48 (Lucas) 9.16   (7.30 - 11.44) 10.09   (7.86 - 12.87) 0.441
Boards 50 and 76 8.40   (6.72 - 10.46) 8.61   (6.85 - 10.76) 0.844
Board 57 (Montgomery) 11.63b   (9.31 - 14.42) 9.11   (7.14 - 11.55) 0.063
Board 77 (Summit) 8.47a   (6.78 - 10.52) 10.79   (8.62 - 13.44) 0.035
Oklahoma 8.31 (7.14 - 9.66) 8.35 (7.21 - 9.66) 0.957
Central 7.92   (6.06 - 10.29) 8.45   (6.37 - 11.12) 0.643
East Central 7.11 (5.12 - 9.79) 7.12 (5.25 - 9.58) 0.996
Northeast 7.85   (5.97 - 10.26) 7.06 (5.31 - 9.33) 0.453
Northwest and Southwest 6.97 (5.29 - 9.13) 8.60   (6.52 - 11.26) 0.117
Oklahoma County 9.26   (7.17 - 11.89) 9.31   (7.29 - 11.81) 0.972
Southeast 8.26   (6.23 - 10.86) 6.49 (4.87 - 8.60) 0.113
Tulsa County 9.99   (7.85 - 12.64) 10.42   (8.05 - 13.37) 0.756
Oregon 9.87a   (8.62 - 11.28) 14.02 (12.42 - 15.80) 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 12.55a (10.10 - 15.48) 16.48 (13.47 - 20.01) 0.024
Region 2 8.79a   (7.01 - 10.96) 14.20 (11.53 - 17.36) 0.000
Region 3 9.58a   (7.78 - 11.75) 13.86 (11.45 - 16.68) 0.002
Region 4 9.42a   (7.36 - 11.99) 12.49   (9.67 - 15.97) 0.045
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 12.44   (9.30 - 16.46) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 11.24   (8.26 - 15.13) --
Pennsylvania1 7.56a (7.01 - 8.16) 8.64 (7.97 - 9.37) 0.009
Region 1 (Allegheny) 9.48   (7.95 - 11.26) 10.65   (8.79 - 12.84) 0.292
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 8.80   (7.07 - 10.91) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.90 (5.52 - 8.59) 7.73 (6.20 - 9.59) 0.337
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 6.19 (5.02 - 7.60) 6.71 (5.33 - 8.43) 0.508
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 7.99 (6.49 - 9.80) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.35 (6.29 - 8.56) 8.13 (6.91 - 9.53) 0.302
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 6.94 (5.34 - 8.98) --
Regions 17 and 21 7.55 (5.93 - 9.56) 8.02   (6.22 - 10.29) 0.614
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.75b (4.78 - 6.91) 7.04 (5.76 - 8.57) 0.070
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.85 (4.59 - 7.42) 5.62 (4.32 - 7.28) 0.776
Regions 29 and 34 7.30a (5.80 - 9.16) 9.27   (7.34 - 11.65) 0.046
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 8.20   (6.39 - 10.47) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 10.80a   (9.14 - 12.71) 13.45 (11.35 - 15.86) 0.035
Rhode Island 10.88a   (9.55 - 12.37) 15.25 (13.58 - 17.09) 0.000
Bristol and Newport 10.35a   (8.05 - 13.20) 15.15 (11.90 - 19.10) 0.004
Kent 9.32a   (7.37 - 11.72) 15.24 (12.01 - 19.15) 0.000
Providence 11.08a   (9.43 - 12.97) 15.07 (13.02 - 17.39) 0.002
Washington 12.54a   (9.93 - 15.71) 16.24 (13.06 - 20.01) 0.037
South Carolina 7.02a (6.04 - 8.13) 8.65 (7.52 - 9.92) 0.013
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 8.62   (6.93 - 10.67) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 8.46   (6.76 - 10.54) --
Region 3 6.30a (4.70 - 8.40) 8.72   (6.77 - 11.17) 0.020
Region 4 7.26 (5.63 - 9.32) 8.80   (7.04 - 10.94) 0.140
South Dakota 6.74 (5.75 - 7.88) 6.13 (5.20 - 7.20) 0.309
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 6.50 (5.01 - 8.39) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 6.40 (4.58 - 8.88) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 5.54 (4.28 - 7.15) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 6.20 (4.67 - 8.20) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 6.17 (4.84 - 7.85) --
Tennessee 6.81 (5.83 - 7.94) 6.88 (5.90 - 8.01) 0.910
Region 1 7.67   (5.67 - 10.29) 6.30 (4.64 - 8.50) 0.177
Region 2 8.45b   (6.54 - 10.86) 6.48 (4.93 - 8.48) 0.063
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 5.98 (4.51 - 7.89) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 8.98   (6.86 - 11.67) 7.66   (5.68 - 10.25) 0.274
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 7.85 (6.22 - 9.87) --
Region 6 5.85 (4.25 - 8.00) 6.12 (4.55 - 8.19) 0.757
Region 7 (Shelby) 6.49 (4.76 - 8.80) 7.00 (5.28 - 9.24) 0.604
Texas 6.88 (6.34 - 7.46) 7.42 (6.84 - 8.05) 0.159
Region 1 7.71 (6.15 - 9.62) 7.55 (5.94 - 9.55) 0.868
Region 2 7.30 (5.53 - 9.57) 7.86   (5.91 - 10.39) 0.573
Region 3 6.81 (6.00 - 7.72) 7.27 (6.39 - 8.25) 0.430
Region 3a 6.78 (5.79 - 7.92) 6.86 (5.78 - 8.12) 0.910
Region 3bc 6.87 (5.67 - 8.30) 7.98 (6.68 - 9.51) 0.160
Region 4 6.35 (5.00 - 8.04) 6.43 (4.93 - 8.34) 0.931
Region 5 7.16 (5.54 - 9.22) 7.55 (5.72 - 9.89) 0.684
Region 6 6.38 (5.51 - 7.37) 7.11 (6.11 - 8.25) 0.249
Region 6a 6.26 (5.35 - 7.32) 6.97 (5.92 - 8.20) 0.290
Region 6bc 7.33 (5.65 - 9.46) 8.22   (6.20 - 10.82) 0.358
Region 7 9.22   (7.92 - 10.70) 9.55   (8.14 - 11.17) 0.703
Region 7a 10.03   (8.25 - 12.15) 10.75   (8.82 - 13.04) 0.568
Region 7bcd 8.00 (6.51 - 9.80) 7.48 (5.92 - 9.41) 0.574
Region 8 6.69 (5.45 - 8.19) 8.15 (6.63 - 9.99) 0.104
Region 9 6.25a (4.73 - 8.21) 8.22   (6.23 - 10.79) 0.043
Region 10 5.71 (4.40 - 7.37) 5.67 (4.38 - 7.32) 0.963
Region 11 5.80 (4.76 - 7.05) 5.59 (4.61 - 6.75) 0.722
Region 11abd 6.17 (4.85 - 7.83) 5.71 (4.49 - 7.24) 0.531
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.04 (3.87 - 6.54) 5.37 (4.10 - 7.00) 0.625
Utah 6.58 (5.62 - 7.69) 7.32 (6.32 - 8.46) 0.250
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 6.62 (4.97 - 8.78) 5.79 (4.35 - 7.66) 0.320
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.24 (3.78 - 7.21) 6.52 (4.80 - 8.78) 0.141
Davis County 6.10 (4.55 - 8.15) 6.60 (4.98 - 8.69) 0.573
Salt Lake County 7.90 (6.42 - 9.69) 8.81   (7.21 - 10.72) 0.376
Utah County 5.03 (3.74 - 6.73) 6.02 (4.62 - 7.80) 0.227
Weber, Morgan 5.79b (4.19 - 7.95) 7.62   (5.69 - 10.14) 0.067
Vermont 11.15a   (9.86 - 12.58) 13.80 (12.29 - 15.47) 0.005
Champlain Valley 12.46a (10.64 - 14.54) 15.04 (13.04 - 17.29) 0.039
Rural Northeast 10.65b   (8.62 - 13.08) 13.23 (10.61 - 16.38) 0.078
Rural Southeast 9.33a   (7.34 - 11.80) 13.67 (10.96 - 16.91) 0.004
Rural Southwest 11.17   (8.83 - 14.04) 11.69   (9.17 - 14.80) 0.733
Virginia 7.36 (6.32 - 8.54) 8.10 (7.06 - 9.27) 0.248
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 9.71   (7.68 - 12.20) --
Region 2 7.36 (5.67 - 9.50) 6.52 (5.15 - 8.22) 0.379
Region 3 7.63 (5.97 - 9.70) 8.63   (6.80 - 10.91) 0.333
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 7.65   (5.79 - 10.04) --
Region 5 7.49 (5.95 - 9.39) 8.90   (7.16 - 11.00) 0.162
Washington1 9.10a   (7.95 - 10.40) 13.99 (12.47 - 15.66) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 11.94   (9.86 - 14.38) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 10.12   (7.87 - 12.92) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 14.59 (11.30 - 18.62) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 15.47 (13.40 - 17.79) --
King 9.57a   (7.73 - 11.80) 14.67 (12.23 - 17.49) 0.000
North Sound 9.26a   (7.28 - 11.72) 16.88 (13.70 - 20.62) 0.000
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 13.26 (11.31 - 15.49) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 13.61 (10.32 - 17.75) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 13.58 (10.81 - 16.94) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 12.25   (9.42 - 15.78) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 14.31 (10.63 - 19.00) --
West Virginia1 7.15 (6.21 - 8.22) 7.02 (6.01 - 8.18) 0.828
Region I 6.58 (4.93 - 8.72) 6.26 (4.46 - 8.72) 0.743
Region II -- (-- - --) 6.94 (5.15 - 9.29) --
Region III 6.21 (4.64 - 8.25) 5.60 (4.03 - 7.73) 0.483
Region IV -- (-- - --) 8.43   (6.80 - 10.39) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 7.14 (5.63 - 9.01) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 6.24 (4.72 - 8.21) --
Wisconsin 7.63 (6.62 - 8.77) 8.39 (7.21 - 9.74) 0.263
Milwaukee 9.49   (7.38 - 12.12) 10.40   (8.02 - 13.40) 0.499
Northeastern 7.17 (5.60 - 9.15) 6.88 (5.28 - 8.90) 0.756
Northern 7.33 (5.49 - 9.71) 7.25 (5.32 - 9.82) 0.942
Southeastern 7.17 (5.54 - 9.25) 8.20   (6.32 - 10.58) 0.327
Southern -- (-- - --) 8.90   (7.01 - 11.25) --
Western -- (-- - --) 8.66   (6.60 - 11.30) --
Wyoming 7.37 (6.32 - 8.58) 7.08 (6.02 - 8.31) 0.675
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 6.71 (5.07 - 8.83) 7.26 (5.52 - 9.50) 0.580
Judicial District 2 9.38   (7.45 - 11.75) 9.47   (7.23 - 12.31) 0.942
Judicial District 3 7.58a (5.78 - 9.89) 5.56 (4.18 - 7.38) 0.037
Judicial District 4 6.94 (5.15 - 9.29) 6.96 (5.05 - 9.51) 0.983
Judicial District 5 5.39 (3.99 - 7.25) 5.83 (4.20 - 8.04) 0.587
Judicial District 6 6.09 (4.48 - 8.22) 6.29 (4.65 - 8.45) 0.823
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 8.18   (6.25 - 10.65) 7.25 (5.42 - 9.63) 0.379
Judicial District 8 6.13 (4.45 - 8.39) 6.05 (4.43 - 8.22) 0.935
Judicial District 9 9.04   (6.67 - 12.15) 8.79   (6.43 - 11.90) 0.860
160414
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 10.71a (10.49 - 10.94) 12.65 (12.40 - 12.89) 0.000
Northeast 11.59a (11.16 - 12.03) 13.74 (13.21 - 14.29) 0.000
Midwest 10.75a (10.42 - 11.09) 12.21 (11.78 - 12.65) 0.000
South 9.58a (9.29 - 9.88) 10.90 (10.51 - 11.30) 0.000
West 11.73a (11.26 - 12.21) 14.98 (14.43 - 15.54) 0.000
Alabama 8.58b (7.54 - 9.74) 9.74   (8.50 - 11.13) 0.098
Region 1 7.84 (6.31 - 9.71) 9.12   (7.21 - 11.46) 0.224
Region 2 9.48   (7.84 - 11.42) 10.56   (8.70 - 12.76) 0.328
Region 3 8.05   (6.35 - 10.16) 9.56   (7.82 - 11.64) 0.165
Region 4 8.64   (6.99 - 10.64) 9.48   (7.58 - 11.80) 0.435
Alaska 16.45a (14.68 - 18.39) 20.39 (18.47 - 22.45) 0.002
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 20.31 (17.72 - 23.16) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 23.35 (19.58 - 27.60) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 18.64 (15.66 - 22.03) --
Southeast 18.00 (14.03 - 22.79) 18.83 (15.03 - 23.33) 0.733
Arizona 10.59a   (9.33 - 12.00) 12.76 (11.26 - 14.43) 0.016
Maricopa 10.16a   (8.65 - 11.89) 12.37 (10.63 - 14.35) 0.040
Pima 11.71a   (9.34 - 14.58) 15.09 (12.07 - 18.70) 0.044
Rural North 12.22   (9.57 - 15.48) 12.86   (9.97 - 16.43) 0.710
Rural South 9.62   (7.32 - 12.54) 11.70   (9.22 - 14.75) 0.123
Arkansas1 10.18   (9.01 - 11.47) 10.41   (9.12 - 11.86) 0.763
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 11.25   (9.05 - 13.91) --
Catchment Area 2 9.57   (7.38 - 12.32) 8.62   (6.65 - 11.12) 0.458
Catchment Area 3 9.76   (7.74 - 12.24) 9.58   (7.40 - 12.32) 0.884
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 9.38   (7.08 - 12.34) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 12.17   (9.76 - 15.09) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 11.24   (8.71 - 14.40) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 9.14   (6.84 - 12.11) --
Catchment Area 8 11.55   (9.34 - 14.21) 10.71   (8.50 - 13.41) 0.520
California 11.49a (10.77 - 12.26) 14.32 (13.51 - 15.18) 0.000
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 19.40 (15.73 - 23.70) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 16.51 (13.53 - 19.99) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 15.70 (12.99 - 18.86) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 17.60 (14.86 - 20.72) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 22.56 (17.94 - 27.96) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.30   (8.35 - 12.65) 12.31 (10.08 - 14.96) 0.111
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 14.90 (12.12 - 18.19) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 14.77 (12.19 - 17.79) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 13.61 (10.69 - 17.17) --
Region 10 13.20 (10.60 - 16.33) 15.69 (12.89 - 18.97) 0.135
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 9.98a   (8.84 - 11.26) 13.55 (12.40 - 14.78) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 16.30 (13.17 - 20.00) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 13.79 (11.56 - 16.38) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 9.72   (7.83 - 12.01) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 16.99 (13.92 - 20.57) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 15.57 (12.65 - 19.01) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 11.33   (9.23 - 13.84) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 13.66 (11.36 - 16.34) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 13.46 (10.60 - 16.94) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 11.93 (10.04 - 14.13) --
Region 14 (Orange) 10.29a   (8.62 - 12.24) 12.76 (10.83 - 14.97) 0.033
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 13.20 (10.69 - 16.20) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 15.81 (13.65 - 18.24) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 11.34   (9.31 - 13.76) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 12.45 (10.42 - 14.82) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 13.76 (11.23 - 16.74) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 18.31 (14.78 - 22.47) --
Colorado 14.23a (12.71 - 15.89) 20.05 (18.20 - 22.04) 0.000
Region 1 12.76a (10.39 - 15.57) 19.95 (16.31 - 24.17) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 15.28a (13.19 - 17.64) 21.45 (19.02 - 24.10) 0.000
Region 3 12.99a (10.29 - 16.27) 16.75 (13.65 - 20.38) 0.033
Region 4 11.42a   (8.75 - 14.77) 15.90 (12.23 - 20.43) 0.012
Regions 5 and 6 13.65a (10.84 - 17.06) 19.49 (15.69 - 23.96) 0.004
Connecticut 12.22a (10.89 - 13.69) 14.38 (12.85 - 16.06) 0.019
Eastern 14.41 (11.60 - 17.76) 17.00 (14.02 - 20.46) 0.130
North Central 11.86a   (9.90 - 14.14) 15.27 (12.77 - 18.15) 0.021
Northwestern 14.57b (11.99 - 17.59) 11.71   (9.38 - 14.53) 0.072
South Central 11.75b   (9.73 - 14.12) 14.22 (11.83 - 17.01) 0.075
Southwest 9.90a   (7.78 - 12.53) 13.98 (11.29 - 17.19) 0.004
Delaware 11.07a   (9.83 - 12.45) 14.05 (12.59 - 15.66) 0.001
Kent 10.74b   (8.59 - 13.35) 13.55 (11.16 - 16.36) 0.051
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 11.69a (10.19 - 13.39) 14.73 (12.90 - 16.76) 0.007
Sussex 8.70a   (6.88 - 10.96) 11.68   (9.42 - 14.40) 0.021
Wilmington City 13.36a (10.10 - 17.47) 17.51 (13.61 - 22.25) 0.050
District of Columbia 14.52a (12.89 - 16.32) 21.14 (19.19 - 23.24) 0.000
Ward 1 17.12a (13.57 - 21.36) 24.55 (20.43 - 29.20) 0.002
Ward 2 17.63a (14.28 - 21.56) 25.77 (21.30 - 30.83) 0.001
Ward 3 15.25a (12.34 - 18.70) 19.17 (15.73 - 23.14) 0.049
Ward 4 9.98a   (7.62 - 12.96) 18.76 (15.01 - 23.18) 0.000
Ward 5 12.21a   (9.68 - 15.30) 22.16 (18.56 - 26.23) 0.000
Ward 6 16.33b (12.69 - 20.78) 20.44 (16.72 - 24.74) 0.074
Ward 7 13.30a (10.53 - 16.65) 18.00 (14.39 - 22.29) 0.013
Ward 8 14.04a (11.32 - 17.28) 19.73 (16.35 - 23.63) 0.003
Florida1 10.88 (10.19 - 11.62) 11.56 (10.79 - 12.39) 0.194
Broward (Circuit 17) 11.07   (9.34 - 13.09) 10.68   (8.88 - 12.80) 0.740
Central I -- (-- - --) 12.80 (11.23 - 14.55) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 12.73 (10.87 - 14.86) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 12.90 (10.61 - 15.61) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 11.60 (10.51 - 12.79) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 11.96   (9.98 - 14.28) --
Circuit 10 8.40   (6.63 - 10.59) 9.99   (8.06 - 12.33) 0.154
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 11.12   (8.89 - 13.84) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 13.34 (11.32 - 15.64) --
Circuit 20 8.02a   (6.35 - 10.09) 10.66   (8.64 - 13.07) 0.024
Northeast -- (-- - --) 12.78 (11.46 - 14.24) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 12.66 (10.40 - 15.33) --
Circuit 5 7.01a (5.51 - 8.87) 10.66   (8.63 - 13.11) 0.001
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 12.84 (10.57 - 15.50) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 17.26 (14.44 - 20.49) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 14.72 (12.89 - 16.76) --
Circuit 1 12.37 (10.11 - 15.05) 13.52 (10.90 - 16.65) 0.440
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 17.88 (14.97 - 21.22) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 12.86   (9.94 - 16.50) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 8.74   (7.43 - 10.26) 7.96 (6.80 - 9.31) 0.354
Southeast -- (-- - --) 11.05   (9.41 - 12.94) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 10.67   (8.72 - 12.98) 10.55   (8.64 - 12.83) 0.926
Circuit 19 8.72a   (6.72 - 11.26) 12.14   (9.62 - 15.23) 0.016
Georgia 9.95a   (8.78 - 11.26) 11.56 (10.26 - 13.01) 0.037
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 10.33   (8.42 - 12.60) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 10.42   (8.30 - 13.01) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 12.38 (10.41 - 14.67) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 11.67   (9.04 - 14.95) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 12.39   (9.71 - 15.67) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 12.44 (10.06 - 15.29) --
Hawaii 11.69 (10.29 - 13.26) 13.10 (11.53 - 14.86) 0.166
Hawaii Island 13.29 (10.44 - 16.78) 15.23 (11.83 - 19.40) 0.333
Honolulu 10.42b   (8.97 - 12.06) 12.18 (10.51 - 14.07) 0.093
Kauai -- (-- - --) 14.68 (10.95 - 19.42) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 15.65 (12.29 - 19.72) --
Idaho 9.01a   (7.98 - 10.16) 10.90   (9.64 - 12.30) 0.011
Region 1 10.25   (8.09 - 12.90) 10.92   (8.66 - 13.70) 0.607
Region 2 11.70b   (9.22 - 14.74) 14.58 (11.31 - 18.60) 0.092
Region 3 7.36a (5.77 - 9.34) 10.61   (8.40 - 13.32) 0.004
Region 4 9.89   (8.14 - 11.96) 11.72   (9.76 - 14.01) 0.129
Region 5 7.95   (6.19 - 10.17) 9.57   (7.46 - 12.20) 0.168
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 11.47   (8.89 - 14.67) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 8.69   (6.79 - 11.06) --
Illinois 10.14a   (9.47 - 10.86) 11.86 (11.07 - 12.69) 0.001
Region I (Cook) 11.45a (10.33 - 12.68) 13.30 (12.00 - 14.71) 0.031
Region II 9.18b     (8.19 - 10.28) 10.50   (9.42 - 11.68) 0.072
Region III 10.35b   (9.01 - 11.86) 11.96 (10.33 - 13.80) 0.098
Region IV 7.92a (6.58 - 9.50) 10.43   (8.67 - 12.50) 0.012
Region V 8.66a   (7.36 - 10.17) 11.12   (9.34 - 13.18) 0.016
Indiana 10.54a   (9.34 - 11.87) 12.40 (11.01 - 13.93) 0.019
Central 12.69 (10.44 - 15.35) 13.50 (11.19 - 16.21) 0.558
East 10.59   (8.38 - 13.29) 12.83 (10.20 - 16.01) 0.113
North Central 10.71   (8.66 - 13.18) 10.44   (8.46 - 12.82) 0.823
Northeast 8.56a   (6.51 - 11.18) 11.69   (9.20 - 14.74) 0.017
Northwest 9.27   (7.18 - 11.90) 11.28   (8.96 - 14.10) 0.118
Southeast 7.83a   (6.07 - 10.05) 11.05   (8.60 - 14.08) 0.009
Southwest 9.88   (7.55 - 12.83) 10.98   (8.45 - 14.16) 0.433
West 11.70a   (9.45 - 14.40) 15.97 (13.00 - 19.47) 0.004
Iowa 9.02   (7.92 - 10.27) 9.73   (8.49 - 11.14) 0.330
Central 9.83   (7.75 - 12.39) 9.88   (7.85 - 12.36) 0.970
North Central 9.30a   (7.31 - 11.77) 12.57 (10.14 - 15.50) 0.016
Northeast 8.88   (7.19 - 10.93) 9.64   (7.78 - 11.88) 0.485
Northwest 7.47 (5.83 - 9.51) 8.34   (6.38 - 10.83) 0.410
Southeast 10.25   (8.33 - 12.56) 9.97   (8.02 - 12.34) 0.815
Southwest 7.60 (5.76 - 9.98) 8.14   (6.31 - 10.44) 0.603
Kansas 9.04   (7.98 - 10.23) 9.57   (8.38 - 10.91) 0.443
Kansas City Metro 10.18   (8.51 - 12.13) 10.08   (8.37 - 12.08) 0.925
Northeast 8.10a   (6.42 - 10.17) 10.49   (8.50 - 12.88) 0.034
South Central 8.62   (6.78 - 10.91) 8.26   (6.44 - 10.54) 0.740
Southeast 8.78   (6.85 - 11.18) 9.36   (7.03 - 12.37) 0.620
West 6.56a (5.00 - 8.55) 8.57   (6.59 - 11.08) 0.038
Wichita (Sedgwick) 10.25   (8.17 - 12.79) 9.20   (7.25 - 11.61) 0.390
Kentucky 10.98   (9.74 - 12.35) 10.16   (8.95 - 11.51) 0.303
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 7.42 (5.86 - 9.37) 8.02   (6.27 - 10.21) 0.552
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 12.16 (10.06 - 14.63) 10.84   (8.99 - 13.02) 0.309
Communicare and River Valley 10.27   (8.00 - 13.09) 10.09   (7.85 - 12.88) 0.894
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 10.24   (7.92 - 13.14) 8.74   (6.70 - 11.32) 0.215
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 9.25   (7.22 - 11.77) 8.84   (6.84 - 11.36) 0.729
Seven Counties 13.93 (11.49 - 16.78) 12.19   (9.99 - 14.79) 0.262
Louisiana 9.66a   (8.58 - 10.86) 11.23   (9.91 - 12.70) 0.040
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 13.85 (11.31 - 16.84) --
Region 1 11.81a   (9.23 - 14.98) 16.09 (12.37 - 20.66) 0.015
Region 10 (Jefferson) 9.35   (7.22 - 12.04) 11.52   (8.90 - 14.78) 0.110
Regions 2 and 9 10.24   (8.55 - 12.22) 11.00   (9.14 - 13.18) 0.510
Region 3 9.17   (7.10 - 11.77) 10.02   (7.65 - 13.02) 0.512
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 10.60   (8.52 - 13.10) --
Regions 7 and 8 8.81   (7.14 - 10.82) 10.31   (8.39 - 12.63) 0.180
Maine1 12.26a (10.96 - 13.68) 18.31 (16.44 - 20.35) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 15.96 (12.94 - 19.52) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 13.68 (10.42 - 17.76) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 17.81 (13.54 - 23.05) --
Central -- (-- - --) 17.09 (13.84 - 20.91) --
Cumberland 15.07a (12.57 - 17.96) 21.09 (17.48 - 25.23) 0.002
Midcoast 10.87a   (8.59 - 13.67) 17.48 (13.78 - 21.92) 0.000
Penquis -- (-- - --) 20.44 (16.86 - 24.55) --
Western -- (-- - --) 18.17 (14.87 - 22.01) --
York 9.55a   (7.48 - 12.11) 16.22 (12.98 - 20.08) 0.000
Maryland 10.41a   (9.24 - 11.71) 12.52 (11.04 - 14.16) 0.013
Anne Arundel 10.82   (8.39 - 13.85) 12.44   (9.73 - 15.77) 0.263
Baltimore City 13.84b (11.05 - 17.21) 16.83 (13.61 - 20.63) 0.100
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 12.00   (9.48 - 15.09) --
Montgomery 9.01   (7.10 - 11.36) 10.47   (8.22 - 13.26) 0.241
North Central -- (-- - --) 10.70   (8.21 - 13.83) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 14.13 (11.08 - 17.86) --
Prince George's 11.61   (9.25 - 14.48) 13.82 (11.18 - 16.96) 0.136
South -- (-- - --) 10.78   (8.37 - 13.78) --
West -- (-- - --) 12.01   (9.39 - 15.24) --
Massachusetts 14.70 (13.14 - 16.42) 16.42 (14.77 - 18.20) 0.117
Boston 17.04b (13.71 - 20.98) 20.58 (17.03 - 24.65) 0.095
Central 13.61 (10.78 - 17.05) 15.32 (12.40 - 18.77) 0.319
Metrowest 13.63 (11.23 - 16.44) 15.10 (12.45 - 18.20) 0.366
Northeast 12.97 (10.54 - 15.87) 15.04 (12.43 - 18.10) 0.198
Southeast 15.60 (12.81 - 18.86) 17.73 (14.79 - 21.11) 0.251
Western 16.78 (13.59 - 20.54) 15.99 (13.16 - 19.29) 0.665
Michigan1 12.54a (11.78 - 13.34) 15.07 (14.19 - 16.01) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 15.72 (12.88 - 19.05) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 12.27   (9.77 - 15.30) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 15.16 (13.17 - 17.40) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 15.81 (13.51 - 18.41) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 15.44 (13.73 - 17.33) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 14.34 (12.25 - 16.70) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 16.36 (14.40 - 18.53) --
Region 8 12.12 (10.38 - 14.11) 13.10 (11.22 - 15.25) 0.426
Region 9 11.86a   (9.91 - 14.14) 15.36 (13.08 - 17.95) 0.010
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 15.69 (13.31 - 18.41) --
Minnesota 11.14   (9.85 - 12.56) 12.31 (10.86 - 13.91) 0.168
Regions 1 and 2 11.32   (8.84 - 14.39) 11.07   (8.49 - 14.32) 0.866
Regions 3 and 4 10.72   (8.78 - 13.02) 11.76   (9.39 - 14.63) 0.445
Regions 5 and 6 11.01   (8.86 - 13.61) 11.05   (8.96 - 13.55) 0.979
Region 7A (Hennepin) 13.01 (10.66 - 15.79) 14.17 (11.62 - 17.16) 0.437
Region 7B (Ramsey) 12.42b   (9.64 - 15.85) 15.31 (11.96 - 19.39) 0.089
Region 7C 8.75a   (6.93 - 10.99) 11.17   (9.24 - 13.45) 0.043
Mississippi 7.92 (6.88 - 9.10) 8.93   (7.79 - 10.23) 0.139
Region 1 6.98b (5.48 - 8.83) 8.84   (7.12 - 10.93) 0.056
Region 2 7.97   (6.10 - 10.35) 9.02   (6.97 - 11.59) 0.377
Region 3 6.88 (5.25 - 8.96) 8.39   (6.63 - 10.56) 0.135
Region 4 8.78   (7.03 - 10.91) 10.26   (8.16 - 12.83) 0.193
Region 5 6.62 (4.80 - 9.06) 7.25 (5.33 - 9.79) 0.535
Region 6 8.51   (6.60 - 10.92) 8.54   (6.62 - 10.95) 0.981
Region 7 9.30   (7.25 - 11.84) 8.85   (6.85 - 11.36) 0.715
Missouri 11.45 (10.24 - 12.79) 12.10 (10.72 - 13.63) 0.422
Central 12.24 (10.02 - 14.87) 11.85   (9.68 - 14.43) 0.760
Eastern 12.54 (10.68 - 14.67) 12.57 (10.72 - 14.68) 0.980
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 13.12 (10.82 - 15.83) 13.70 (11.33 - 16.47) 0.691
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 11.34   (8.91 - 14.33) 10.63   (8.41 - 13.35) 0.612
Northwest 11.90 (10.07 - 14.02) 13.66 (11.39 - 16.30) 0.157
Northwest (Jackson) 14.01 (11.42 - 17.09) 15.44 (12.26 - 19.28) 0.410
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 9.99   (7.84 - 12.66) 12.16   (9.58 - 15.33) 0.123
Southeast 9.21   (7.24 - 11.64) 9.54   (7.37 - 12.27) 0.775
Southwest 9.31   (7.49 - 11.53) 10.80   (8.52 - 13.60) 0.226
Montana 13.34 (11.98 - 14.83) 14.79 (13.15 - 16.59) 0.149
Region 1 9.96   (7.68 - 12.83) 11.88   (8.89 - 15.70) 0.212
Region 2 11.86   (9.63 - 14.54) 14.16 (11.27 - 17.64) 0.141
Region 3 11.07a   (9.01 - 13.54) 14.73 (12.09 - 17.84) 0.014
Region 4 14.12 (12.02 - 16.52) 14.03 (11.49 - 17.03) 0.952
Region 5 15.91 (13.41 - 18.79) 16.51 (13.94 - 19.45) 0.726
Nebraska 9.44   (8.32 - 10.70) 10.37   (9.13 - 11.76) 0.217
Regions 1 and 2 7.43a (5.67 - 9.68) 10.31   (8.11 - 13.01) 0.012
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 10.41   (7.76 - 13.82) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 10.22   (7.54 - 13.70) --
Region 3 8.34   (6.44 - 10.73) 8.25   (6.53 - 10.38) 0.932
Region 4 6.54 (4.96 - 8.57) 8.03   (6.10 - 10.52) 0.120
Region 5 10.70   (8.75 - 13.02) 9.86   (8.07 - 11.98) 0.491
Region 6 10.54   (8.86 - 12.50) 11.94 (10.16 - 13.99) 0.207
Nevada1 11.52a (10.01 - 13.23) 13.60 (11.99 - 15.39) 0.044
Clark – Region 1 11.08b   (9.32 - 13.12) 13.37 (11.53 - 15.45) 0.060
Region 3 10.50   (8.22 - 13.30) 12.38   (9.85 - 15.45) 0.179
Capital District -- (-- - --) 13.23   (9.86 - 17.52) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 11.61   (8.78 - 15.21) --
Washoe – Region 2 14.30 (11.60 - 17.50) 15.62 (12.81 - 18.92) 0.441
New Hampshire 15.54 (13.95 - 17.27) 16.31 (14.69 - 18.07) 0.481
Central 14.79b (12.61 - 17.27) 17.25 (14.99 - 19.77) 0.085
Central 1 15.30a (12.56 - 18.50) 19.92 (16.82 - 23.42) 0.014
Central 2 14.29 (11.47 - 17.68) 14.65 (11.91 - 17.88) 0.836
Northern 15.38 (12.43 - 18.87) 17.68 (14.30 - 21.67) 0.241
Southern 15.94 (13.96 - 18.13) 15.55 (13.67 - 17.62) 0.766
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 15.09 (12.29 - 18.38) 14.64 (12.15 - 17.53) 0.796
Southern 2 16.45 (14.04 - 19.18) 16.11 (13.85 - 18.67) 0.830
New Jersey 8.52a (7.46 - 9.71) 11.00   (9.65 - 12.51) 0.001
Central 8.94   (7.29 - 10.93) 10.47   (8.53 - 12.78) 0.167
Metropolitan 8.56   (6.86 - 10.64) 9.69   (7.85 - 11.89) 0.310
Northern 8.02a (6.57 - 9.77) 11.11   (9.03 - 13.60) 0.007
Southern 8.77a   (6.95 - 11.02) 12.93 (10.60 - 15.67) 0.001
New Mexico 12.84a (11.40 - 14.42) 15.18 (13.43 - 17.12) 0.025
Region 1 12.20   (9.95 - 14.88) 14.68 (11.83 - 18.07) 0.122
Region 2 12.45   (9.86 - 15.60) 14.08 (11.01 - 17.83) 0.334
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 14.53a (12.24 - 17.15) 18.02 (15.21 - 21.22) 0.044
Region 4 11.02   (8.58 - 14.06) 12.98 (10.37 - 16.13) 0.192
Region 5 12.34 (10.06 - 15.06) 13.24 (10.66 - 16.32) 0.554
New York 12.11a (11.38 - 12.88) 14.35 (13.43 - 15.32) 0.000
Region A 11.70a (10.65 - 12.85) 14.53 (13.27 - 15.89) 0.000
Region 1 10.47   (8.55 - 12.76) 11.77   (9.78 - 14.11) 0.262
Region 2 10.79a   (9.18 - 12.64) 15.13 (13.09 - 17.42) 0.001
Region 3 18.27 (15.54 - 21.35) 20.37 (17.44 - 23.64) 0.258
Region 4 8.91a   (7.47 - 10.58) 11.07   (9.23 - 13.22) 0.039
Region B -- (-- - --) 14.08 (12.66 - 15.64) --
Region 5 11.33a   (9.88 - 12.95) 14.64 (12.80 - 16.69) 0.002
Region 6 10.97b   (9.18 - 13.07) 13.22 (10.84 - 16.02) 0.087
Region 7 12.78 (10.56 - 15.39) 13.61 (11.08 - 16.60) 0.577
Region C -- (-- - --) 14.22 (12.99 - 15.54) --
Region 8 15.62 (13.26 - 18.32) 15.47 (13.06 - 18.24) 0.926
Region 9 12.96 (10.88 - 15.37) 13.92 (11.73 - 16.43) 0.470
Region 10 16.38 (13.66 - 19.52) 15.60 (12.77 - 18.93) 0.644
Region 11 13.23 (11.31 - 15.43) 14.60 (12.33 - 17.20) 0.312
Region 12 12.02 (10.16 - 14.16) 12.47 (10.48 - 14.78) 0.717
Region D 11.70a (10.27 - 13.31) 14.58 (12.73 - 16.66) 0.004
Region 13 10.67a   (8.56 - 13.24) 15.92 (12.93 - 19.43) 0.001
Region 14 12.12   (9.88 - 14.78) 13.06 (10.35 - 16.35) 0.520
Region 15 12.21b (10.03 - 14.79) 14.92 (12.26 - 18.04) 0.075
North Carolina 9.52b   (8.35 - 10.84) 11.08   (9.80 - 12.50) 0.056
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 11.10   (8.73 - 14.01) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 10.49   (8.15 - 13.40) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 10.85   (8.33 - 14.01) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 11.44   (9.00 - 14.44) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 12.28   (9.58 - 15.60) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 10.25   (7.86 - 13.26) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 8.41   (6.44 - 10.91) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 10.97   (8.57 - 13.94) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 10.24   (7.68 - 13.53) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 13.33 (10.50 - 16.79) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 11.02   (8.31 - 14.47) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 10.82   (8.11 - 14.29) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 11.23   (8.79 - 14.25) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 13.39 (10.49 - 16.94) --
North Dakota 9.76   (8.66 - 10.97) 10.00   (8.90 - 11.22) 0.733
Badlands and West Central 8.21   (6.66 - 10.10) 9.00   (7.33 - 11.00) 0.451
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 7.24 (5.45 - 9.56) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 9.71   (7.69 - 12.19) --
Northeast 10.62a   (8.56 - 13.10) 13.40 (11.09 - 16.10) 0.047
Northwest -- (-- - --) 9.78   (7.34 - 12.91) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 8.23   (6.23 - 10.80) --
Southeast 13.12a (11.16 - 15.36) 10.67   (8.98 - 12.64) 0.045
Ohio 10.70a (10.03 - 11.40) 12.27 (11.46 - 13.14) 0.002
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 9.47   (7.66 - 11.65) 10.44   (8.27 - 13.10) 0.425
Boards 3, 52, and 85 8.36a   (6.64 - 10.48) 10.77   (8.56 - 13.47) 0.036
Boards 4 and 78 9.93   (7.88 - 12.45) 10.83   (8.41 - 13.85) 0.485
Boards 5 and 60 10.44a   (8.49 - 12.78) 13.06 (10.52 - 16.09) 0.041
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 9.23   (7.46 - 11.37) 9.90   (7.88 - 12.36) 0.552
Boards 8, 13, and 83 10.08   (8.18 - 12.38) 9.53   (7.57 - 11.93) 0.622
Board 9 (Butler) 11.36   (9.28 - 13.85) 12.21   (9.73 - 15.21) 0.515
Board 12 10.78   (8.71 - 13.26) 12.94 (10.36 - 16.04) 0.107
Boards 18 and 47 11.15   (9.62 - 12.89) 12.82 (11.09 - 14.78) 0.122
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 8.24   (6.47 - 10.45) 8.56   (6.70 - 10.88) 0.761
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 8.96   (7.30 - 10.96) 9.01   (7.26 - 11.13) 0.966
Boards 22, 74, and 87 9.73   (7.84 - 12.03) 10.68   (8.58 - 13.23) 0.405
Boards 23 and 45 8.60a   (6.85 - 10.75) 10.98   (8.80 - 13.62) 0.037
Board 25 (Franklin) 13.04a (11.22 - 15.09) 17.78 (15.36 - 20.48) 0.001
Boards 27, 71, and 73 7.99a (6.38 - 9.96) 11.58   (9.31 - 14.32) 0.002
Boards 28, 43, and 67 8.15a   (6.61 - 10.01) 11.37   (9.25 - 13.89) 0.005
Board 31 (Hamilton) 11.78a   (9.87 - 14.01) 14.54 (12.21 - 17.23) 0.045
Board 48 (Lucas) 12.31 (10.19 - 14.81) 13.16 (10.51 - 16.35) 0.582
Boards 50 and 76 10.92   (8.93 - 13.27) 10.11   (8.20 - 12.41) 0.500
Board 57 (Montgomery) 15.41a (12.68 - 18.59) 11.45   (9.23 - 14.12) 0.013
Board 77 (Summit) 11.10a   (9.16 - 13.38) 14.48 (11.72 - 17.77) 0.018
Oklahoma 9.35   (8.16 - 10.70) 10.68   (9.33 - 12.21) 0.104
Central 9.08a   (7.13 - 11.50) 11.72   (9.42 - 14.50) 0.034
East Central 7.25 (5.48 - 9.54) 8.59   (6.54 - 11.21) 0.207
Northeast 8.47   (6.65 - 10.74) 9.41   (7.32 - 12.02) 0.433
Northwest and Southwest 7.65a (5.87 - 9.92) 10.51   (8.23 - 13.33) 0.018
Oklahoma County 11.82   (9.35 - 14.82) 12.43 (10.08 - 15.24) 0.690
Southeast 7.95   (6.22 - 10.12) 8.08   (6.24 - 10.42) 0.905
Tulsa County 11.70   (9.31 - 14.60) 12.66 (10.02 - 15.88) 0.534
Oregon 13.50a (12.05 - 15.08) 19.00 (17.12 - 21.04) 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 16.65b (13.90 - 19.83) 20.23 (16.74 - 24.22) 0.070
Region 2 13.19a (10.89 - 15.90) 19.22 (15.99 - 22.93) 0.001
Region 3 13.03a (10.96 - 15.44) 20.38 (17.46 - 23.64) 0.000
Region 4 11.58a   (9.34 - 14.26) 16.53 (13.17 - 20.55) 0.003
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 16.22 (12.52 - 20.76) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 15.37 (11.59 - 20.11) --
Pennsylvania1 10.08a   (9.43 - 10.76) 11.55 (10.76 - 12.40) 0.003
Region 1 (Allegheny) 11.95 (10.17 - 13.98) 13.28 (11.31 - 15.53) 0.278
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 11.35   (9.39 - 13.65) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 9.27   (7.66 - 11.18) 10.45   (8.53 - 12.72) 0.298
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 8.33   (6.92 - 10.00) 8.83   (7.24 - 10.73) 0.609
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 11.50   (9.57 - 13.76) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 10.38b   (9.10 - 11.82) 12.02 (10.52 - 13.71) 0.078
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 9.95   (7.94 - 12.40) --
Regions 17 and 21 10.79   (8.70 - 13.32) 12.15   (9.66 - 15.16) 0.293
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 8.28b (7.03 - 9.73) 9.92   (8.46 - 11.60) 0.067
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 7.87 (6.39 - 9.66) 7.60 (6.09 - 9.45) 0.773
Regions 29 and 34 9.42b   (7.64 - 11.57) 11.82   (9.45 - 14.68) 0.055
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 10.93   (8.86 - 13.40) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 13.69 (11.88 - 15.72) 15.81 (13.54 - 18.39) 0.122
Rhode Island 15.48a (13.94 - 17.16) 19.74 (17.86 - 21.75) 0.000
Bristol and Newport 16.41b (13.40 - 19.94) 19.99 (16.20 - 24.40) 0.079
Kent 13.63a (11.15 - 16.57) 19.06 (15.62 - 23.04) 0.004
Providence 14.92a (13.08 - 16.98) 19.43 (17.14 - 21.93) 0.002
Washington 19.68 (15.78 - 24.26) 21.87 (18.13 - 26.13) 0.364
South Carolina 9.47a   (8.30 - 10.77) 11.76 (10.43 - 13.24) 0.005
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 11.15   (9.21 - 13.43) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 12.51 (10.34 - 15.07) --
Region 3 8.32a   (6.48 - 10.62) 11.67   (9.40 - 14.39) 0.008
Region 4 10.14   (8.18 - 12.51) 11.86   (9.83 - 14.24) 0.171
South Dakota 9.38   (8.31 - 10.57) 9.41   (8.23 - 10.74) 0.966
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 10.83   (8.89 - 13.14) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 8.95   (6.63 - 11.98) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 8.63   (6.94 - 10.68) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 9.56   (7.54 - 12.03) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 8.91   (7.23 - 10.95) --
Tennessee 8.17a (7.13 - 9.33) 9.64   (8.43 - 11.02) 0.034
Region 1 8.62   (6.51 - 11.34) 8.83   (6.75 - 11.47) 0.864
Region 2 9.18   (7.22 - 11.62) 8.58   (6.81 - 10.76) 0.605
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 8.44   (6.59 - 10.74) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 10.82   (8.40 - 13.83) 12.03   (9.39 - 15.29) 0.423
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 10.90   (8.84 - 13.37) --
Region 6 7.09 (5.36 - 9.32) 7.73   (5.84 - 10.17) 0.527
Region 7 (Shelby) 8.19b   (6.29 - 10.60) 10.30   (8.12 - 12.97) 0.088
Texas 8.49a (7.92 - 9.10) 9.59   (8.94 - 10.27) 0.010
Region 1 9.29   (7.59 - 11.32) 10.82   (8.82 - 13.19) 0.155
Region 2 8.18a   (6.38 - 10.45) 10.75   (8.47 - 13.56) 0.026
Region 3 8.28 (7.37 - 9.28) 9.16   (8.18 - 10.23) 0.159
Region 3a 8.54 (7.42 - 9.82) 9.05   (7.87 - 10.38) 0.518
Region 3bc 7.81b (6.50 - 9.36) 9.35   (7.89 - 11.04) 0.088
Region 4 7.20 (5.71 - 9.05) 8.72   (7.04 - 10.76) 0.123
Region 5 8.13b   (6.44 - 10.23) 9.99   (7.92 - 12.53) 0.082
Region 6 8.17 (7.21 - 9.24) 8.97   (7.87 - 10.21) 0.244
Region 6a 8.03 (6.99 - 9.20) 8.75   (7.58 - 10.08) 0.332
Region 6bc 9.31   (7.40 - 11.65) 10.85   (8.54 - 13.70) 0.189
Region 7 12.60 (11.10 - 14.27) 12.73 (11.18 - 14.47) 0.894
Region 7a 13.42 (11.39 - 15.76) 14.00 (11.92 - 16.37) 0.662
Region 7bcd 11.38   (9.60 - 13.45) 10.55   (8.76 - 12.67) 0.465
Region 8 7.76a (6.47 - 9.28) 10.34   (8.80 - 12.11) 0.004
Region 9 8.38   (6.58 - 10.61) 10.05   (7.95 - 12.63) 0.120
Region 10 7.08 (5.59 - 8.93) 7.96 (6.41 - 9.84) 0.328
Region 11 6.57 (5.48 - 7.85) 7.21 (6.10 - 8.51) 0.321
Region 11abd 6.89 (5.51 - 8.60) 7.89 (6.40 - 9.70) 0.241
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.90 (4.55 - 7.62) 6.04 (4.79 - 7.58) 0.853
Utah 7.86a (6.84 - 9.00) 9.37   (8.19 - 10.70) 0.042
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 8.31   (6.47 - 10.61) 8.22   (6.40 - 10.51) 0.940
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.85a (4.36 - 7.81) 9.14   (6.97 - 11.89) 0.002
Davis County 7.68   (5.83 - 10.04) 8.28   (6.46 - 10.56) 0.580
Salt Lake County 9.30   (7.74 - 11.13) 10.92   (9.13 - 13.02) 0.156
Utah County 5.63a (4.32 - 7.30) 8.08   (6.45 - 10.07) 0.010
Weber, Morgan 7.74   (5.86 - 10.15) 8.57   (6.50 - 11.23) 0.455
Vermont 15.52a (13.96 - 17.23) 19.82 (17.93 - 21.86) 0.000
Champlain Valley 17.37a (15.15 - 19.83) 21.47 (18.92 - 24.26) 0.010
Rural Northeast 15.37b (12.89 - 18.21) 18.73 (15.55 - 22.37) 0.058
Rural Southeast 14.22a (11.60 - 17.31) 20.41 (16.98 - 24.32) 0.002
Rural Southwest 13.14b (10.70 - 16.03) 16.49 (13.29 - 20.29) 0.054
Virginia 9.61a   (8.49 - 10.87) 12.46 (11.10 - 13.96) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 13.74 (11.30 - 16.61) --
Region 2 9.14   (7.33 - 11.34) 9.74   (7.89 - 11.95) 0.600
Region 3 10.06a   (8.14 - 12.38) 13.71 (11.15 - 16.75) 0.009
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 12.77 (10.30 - 15.73) --
Region 5 9.83a   (8.09 - 11.91) 13.80 (11.47 - 16.51) 0.002
Washington1 12.33a (10.98 - 13.82) 18.32 (16.63 - 20.14) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 15.43 (13.09 - 18.10) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 13.60 (11.00 - 16.69) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 18.10 (14.42 - 22.47) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 20.13 (17.85 - 22.62) --
King 13.12a (10.94 - 15.66) 19.34 (16.64 - 22.37) 0.000
North Sound 12.06a   (9.76 - 14.80) 21.51 (18.00 - 25.49) 0.000
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 17.70 (15.47 - 20.18) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 18.35 (14.34 - 23.18) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 18.61 (15.23 - 22.54) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 15.89 (12.72 - 19.66) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 18.71 (14.54 - 23.73) --
West Virginia1 9.68   (8.59 - 10.88) 10.46   (9.24 - 11.83) 0.275
Region I 8.88   (6.82 - 11.50) 9.32   (7.10 - 12.15) 0.717
Region II -- (-- - --) 12.06   (9.48 - 15.23) --
Region III 7.95   (6.05 - 10.38) 8.67   (6.50 - 11.48) 0.528
Region IV -- (-- - --) 12.22 (10.18 - 14.59) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 10.26   (8.41 - 12.45) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 8.84   (7.05 - 11.04) --
Wisconsin 10.58   (9.46 - 11.82) 11.53 (10.11 - 13.13) 0.247
Milwaukee 12.59 (10.24 - 15.38) 13.91 (11.15 - 17.23) 0.400
Northeastern 9.49   (7.72 - 11.61) 9.65   (7.75 - 11.95) 0.890
Northern 9.82   (7.67 - 12.48) 8.73   (6.54 - 11.56) 0.390
Southeastern 9.76   (7.87 - 12.04) 10.89   (8.73 - 13.50) 0.363
Southern -- (-- - --) 12.84 (10.32 - 15.87) --
Western -- (-- - --) 12.59 (10.03 - 15.68) --
Wyoming 10.38   (9.21 - 11.69) 10.77   (9.44 - 12.26) 0.626
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 9.73   (7.66 - 12.30) 10.49   (8.34 - 13.11) 0.562
Judicial District 2 15.14 (12.35 - 18.42) 15.48 (12.60 - 18.87) 0.842
Judicial District 3 10.01   (7.98 - 12.48) 8.26   (6.46 - 10.50) 0.113
Judicial District 4 9.18   (7.15 - 11.70) 10.43   (7.84 - 13.75) 0.347
Judicial District 5 8.16   (6.18 - 10.70) 8.90   (6.63 - 11.86) 0.540
Judicial District 6 9.01   (6.95 - 11.60) 9.21   (7.12 - 11.85) 0.868
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 11.30   (8.94 - 14.19) 11.64   (9.27 - 14.52) 0.812
Judicial District 8 7.26b (5.42 - 9.66) 9.27   (7.04 - 12.11) 0.091
Judicial District 9 12.20   (9.45 - 15.61) 13.09   (9.96 - 17.00) 0.629
160414
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 6.12a (5.95 - 6.29) 7.73 (7.54 - 7.92) 0.000
Northeast 6.78a (6.44 - 7.13) 8.36 (7.95 - 8.79) 0.000
Midwest 6.03a (5.78 - 6.29) 7.28 (6.97 - 7.60) 0.000
South 5.39a (5.18 - 5.62) 6.43 (6.15 - 6.73) 0.000
West 6.79a (6.42 - 7.18) 9.70   (9.24 - 10.17) 0.000
Alabama 4.45 (3.71 - 5.33) 5.16 (4.29 - 6.20) 0.173
Region 1 3.98 (2.97 - 5.31) 4.71 (3.49 - 6.32) 0.303
Region 2 5.15 (4.03 - 6.56) 5.91 (4.58 - 7.59) 0.342
Region 3 4.39 (3.24 - 5.92) 4.83 (3.69 - 6.31) 0.523
Region 4 4.08 (3.05 - 5.44) 4.94 (3.64 - 6.66) 0.234
Alaska 10.34a   (8.89 - 11.99) 12.59 (10.99 - 14.38) 0.044
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 12.37 (10.28 - 14.82) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 14.93 (11.76 - 18.76) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 11.49   (9.02 - 14.54) --
Southeast 10.51   (7.74 - 14.13) 11.23   (8.40 - 14.86) 0.700
Arizona 5.65a (4.73 - 6.75) 8.06 (6.90 - 9.39) 0.001
Maricopa 5.54a (4.49 - 6.83) 7.64 (6.34 - 9.18) 0.011
Pima 6.41a (4.83 - 8.46) 9.89   (7.40 - 13.10) 0.005
Rural North 6.15b (4.49 - 8.37) 8.22   (5.97 - 11.22) 0.085
Rural South 4.69a (3.25 - 6.71) 7.68   (5.57 - 10.50) 0.005
Arkansas1 5.69 (4.83 - 6.70) 6.24 (5.25 - 7.41) 0.360
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 6.46 (4.87 - 8.53) --
Catchment Area 2 4.64 (3.31 - 6.47) 5.48 (3.91 - 7.61) 0.339
Catchment Area 3 5.35 (4.01 - 7.10) 5.76 (4.21 - 7.83) 0.644
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 6.10 (4.36 - 8.47) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 7.42 (5.56 - 9.84) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 6.96 (5.00 - 9.61) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 5.49 (3.91 - 7.66) --
Catchment Area 8 6.75 (5.14 - 8.82) 6.07 (4.51 - 8.13) 0.491
California 6.79a (6.21 - 7.42) 9.19 (8.53 - 9.90) 0.000
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 13.97 (10.71 - 18.04) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 11.09   (8.54 - 14.28) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 10.19   (8.04 - 12.83) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 11.34   (9.09 - 14.07) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 15.46 (11.52 - 20.44) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 5.24a (3.95 - 6.91) 7.78 (6.10 - 9.89) 0.007
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 9.55   (7.32 - 12.36) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 10.67   (8.41 - 13.44) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 9.07   (6.72 - 12.13) --
Region 10 7.44a (5.72 - 9.63) 10.23   (7.92 - 13.10) 0.018
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 5.55a (4.70 - 6.53) 8.44 (7.55 - 9.43) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 9.77 (7.52 - 12.61) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 8.03   (6.39 - 10.05) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 6.18 (4.71 - 8.07) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 10.50   (8.15 - 13.42) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 10.62   (8.18 - 13.68) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 7.00 (5.48 - 8.92) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 9.01   (7.10 - 11.37) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 9.28   (6.92 - 12.33) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 7.99 (6.44 - 9.87) --
Region 14 (Orange) 6.29a (5.01 - 7.86) 8.09 (6.58 - 9.89) 0.043
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 8.10   (6.17 - 10.58) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 9.42   (7.70 - 11.47) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 7.59 (5.90 - 9.71) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 7.62 (6.03 - 9.59) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 8.76   (6.80 - 11.23) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 11.20   (8.66 - 14.36) --
Colorado 7.76a (6.69 - 8.97) 14.01 (12.32 - 15.88) 0.000
Region 1 6.53a (5.06 - 8.39) 13.33 (10.30 - 17.07) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 8.58a   (7.15 - 10.26) 14.80 (12.61 - 17.30) 0.000
Region 3 6.71a (5.06 - 8.85) 11.73   (9.10 - 14.99) 0.000
Region 4 5.60a (4.02 - 7.75) 12.03   (8.79 - 16.26) 0.000
Regions 5 and 6 7.49a   (5.51 - 10.12) 14.84 (11.34 - 19.18) 0.000
Connecticut 6.73a (5.78 - 7.83) 9.21   (7.95 - 10.65) 0.001
Eastern 7.38a (5.51 - 9.82) 10.12   (7.88 - 12.91) 0.028
North Central 6.59a (5.28 - 8.21) 9.21   (7.27 - 11.60) 0.017
Northwestern 8.88   (6.77 - 11.57) 7.66   (5.79 - 10.07) 0.362
South Central 6.45a (5.07 - 8.16) 10.12   (8.04 - 12.67) 0.001
Southwest 4.96a (3.66 - 6.69) 8.92   (6.75 - 11.72) 0.000
Delaware 6.36a (5.49 - 7.36) 8.12 (7.03 - 9.35) 0.006
Kent 5.36b (3.96 - 7.21) 7.09 (5.39 - 9.27) 0.081
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 7.05a (5.97 - 8.31) 8.87   (7.50 - 10.46) 0.029
Sussex 4.87 (3.72 - 6.36) 6.17 (4.60 - 8.23) 0.123
Wilmington City 7.46a   (5.35 - 10.30) 11.01   (8.07 - 14.85) 0.013
District of Columbia 8.27a (7.07 - 9.66) 11.88 (10.44 - 13.48) 0.000
Ward 1 9.34b   (6.99 - 12.36) 12.60   (9.77 - 16.10) 0.051
Ward 2 9.60a   (7.33 - 12.47) 13.91 (10.72 - 17.84) 0.013
Ward 3 7.91   (5.96 - 10.45) 9.97   (7.62 - 12.94) 0.140
Ward 4 6.13a (4.44 - 8.42) 11.40   (8.67 - 14.84) 0.000
Ward 5 7.22a (5.41 - 9.58) 11.64   (9.15 - 14.69) 0.002
Ward 6 9.05   (6.64 - 12.22) 11.71   (9.02 - 15.07) 0.120
Ward 7 8.17b   (6.20 - 10.70) 10.92   (8.20 - 14.40) 0.070
Ward 8 8.92a   (6.85 - 11.55) 12.87 (10.11 - 16.26) 0.010
Florida1 6.34a (5.78 - 6.95) 7.24 (6.63 - 7.91) 0.031
Broward (Circuit 17) 6.63 (5.32 - 8.24) 6.92 (5.47 - 8.72) 0.756
Central I -- (-- - --) 7.47 (6.32 - 8.82) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 7.42 (5.99 - 9.16) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 7.54 (5.92 - 9.56) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 7.38 (6.46 - 8.41) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 7.86   (6.14 - 10.01) --
Circuit 10 5.26 (4.00 - 6.91) 6.63 (5.02 - 8.71) 0.131
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 6.61 (4.96 - 8.76) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 8.37   (6.78 - 10.29) --
Circuit 20 4.04a (3.00 - 5.43) 6.71 (5.12 - 8.75) 0.002
Northeast -- (-- - --) 7.99 (6.93 - 9.19) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 8.00   (6.34 - 10.06) --
Circuit 5 3.92a (2.91 - 5.26) 6.81 (5.20 - 8.88) 0.001
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 7.55 (5.80 - 9.78) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 11.08   (8.62 - 14.12) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 9.50   (8.08 - 11.15) --
Circuit 1 7.19 (5.54 - 9.28) 8.63   (6.64 - 11.14) 0.193
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 11.71   (9.37 - 14.53) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 8.30   (6.13 - 11.14) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 5.12 (4.17 - 6.26) 5.23 (4.28 - 6.38) 0.859
Southeast -- (-- - --) 6.60 (5.41 - 8.03) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 5.86 (4.58 - 7.47) 6.04 (4.69 - 7.73) 0.846
Circuit 19 5.01a (3.73 - 6.69) 7.85   (5.83 - 10.48) 0.006
Georgia 5.42a (4.52 - 6.49) 7.74 (6.65 - 8.99) 0.001
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 7.41 (5.77 - 9.47) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 6.45 (4.79 - 8.63) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 7.95 (6.34 - 9.93) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 7.18 (5.26 - 9.74) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 8.53   (6.29 - 11.47) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 8.66   (6.54 - 11.38) --
Hawaii 7.09 (5.93 - 8.45) 8.26 (7.02 - 9.70) 0.175
Hawaii Island 9.26   (6.78 - 12.52) 9.66   (7.03 - 13.15) 0.809
Honolulu 5.89a (4.79 - 7.23) 7.61 (6.30 - 9.16) 0.046
Kauai -- (-- - --) 10.00   (6.90 - 14.28) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 9.93   (7.34 - 13.31) --
Idaho 4.74a (3.97 - 5.65) 6.02 (5.10 - 7.10) 0.019
Region 1 5.14 (3.71 - 7.08) 5.64 (4.10 - 7.71) 0.584
Region 2 6.24 (4.51 - 8.59) 8.11   (5.80 - 11.21) 0.110
Region 3 4.38 (3.22 - 5.93) 5.10 (3.76 - 6.88) 0.337
Region 4 4.98a (3.80 - 6.50) 6.80 (5.35 - 8.60) 0.040
Region 5 4.44 (3.22 - 6.10) 5.43 (3.93 - 7.44) 0.244
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 6.11 (4.35 - 8.52) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 5.33 (3.93 - 7.18) --
Illinois 5.62a (5.13 - 6.16) 7.26 (6.65 - 7.93) 0.000
Region I (Cook) 6.38a (5.60 - 7.25) 8.31 (7.32 - 9.43) 0.002
Region II 5.09b (4.36 - 5.92) 6.08 (5.25 - 7.02) 0.065
Region III 5.55a (4.65 - 6.62) 7.09 (5.81 - 8.62) 0.037
Region IV 4.48a (3.56 - 5.63) 6.37 (5.07 - 7.98) 0.008
Region V 4.83a (3.93 - 5.93) 7.54 (6.09 - 9.29) 0.001
Indiana 5.93b (5.05 - 6.96) 6.97 (5.96 - 8.14) 0.093
Central 6.67 (5.17 - 8.56) 6.64 (5.17 - 8.50) 0.976
East 5.88 (4.28 - 8.02) 7.41 (5.48 - 9.96) 0.142
North Central 6.42 (4.82 - 8.51) 6.56 (4.92 - 8.69) 0.887
Northeast 4.70a (3.35 - 6.55) 6.70 (4.92 - 9.07) 0.029
Northwest 5.63 (4.07 - 7.74) 6.18 (4.60 - 8.25) 0.576
Southeast 4.77a (3.48 - 6.51) 6.98 (5.09 - 9.51) 0.019
Southwest 5.60 (4.07 - 7.67) 6.92 (5.08 - 9.36) 0.158
West 6.48a (4.91 - 8.51) 8.96   (6.81 - 11.70) 0.023
Iowa 4.39a (3.65 - 5.28) 5.48 (4.55 - 6.57) 0.044
Central 4.47 (3.22 - 6.17) 4.76 (3.48 - 6.49) 0.697
North Central 4.75a (3.44 - 6.53) 7.19 (5.31 - 9.66) 0.006
Northeast 4.48 (3.42 - 5.84) 5.48 (4.16 - 7.17) 0.193
Northwest 3.72 (2.66 - 5.18) 4.74 (3.36 - 6.65) 0.172
Southeast 4.85 (3.61 - 6.48) 6.01 (4.47 - 8.03) 0.174
Southwest 3.77 (2.60 - 5.42) 4.84 (3.47 - 6.70) 0.163
Kansas 4.79 (4.00 - 5.74) 5.25 (4.36 - 6.30) 0.405
Kansas City Metro 5.65 (4.42 - 7.21) 5.60 (4.37 - 7.16) 0.951
Northeast 4.57 (3.38 - 6.15) 5.41 (3.98 - 7.32) 0.282
South Central 4.45 (3.23 - 6.10) 4.45 (3.19 - 6.16) 1.000
Southeast 3.66a (2.52 - 5.27) 5.45 (3.79 - 7.79) 0.020
West 3.48b (2.44 - 4.94) 4.70 (3.31 - 6.63) 0.081
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.16 (3.83 - 6.93) 5.20 (3.79 - 7.10) 0.968
Kentucky 6.46 (5.48 - 7.60) 6.19 (5.27 - 7.26) 0.679
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 4.40 (3.18 - 6.06) 4.95 (3.66 - 6.66) 0.499
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 7.10 (5.58 - 9.00) 6.50 (5.11 - 8.24) 0.535
Communicare and River Valley 6.41 (4.69 - 8.71) 6.66 (4.78 - 9.21) 0.816
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 5.59 (4.02 - 7.73) 5.37 (3.79 - 7.57) 0.817
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.19 (3.77 - 7.12) 5.23 (3.78 - 7.20) 0.966
Seven Counties 8.40   (6.56 - 10.70) 7.32 (5.69 - 9.38) 0.355
Louisiana 5.56 (4.74 - 6.51) 5.54 (4.64 - 6.60) 0.969
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 6.70 (5.12 - 8.74) --
Region 1 7.32 (5.38 - 9.88) 7.67   (5.48 - 10.64) 0.778
Region 10 (Jefferson) 5.96 (4.37 - 8.09) 5.70 (4.07 - 7.93) 0.788
Regions 2 and 9 5.92 (4.73 - 7.39) 5.84 (4.57 - 7.43) 0.916
Region 3 5.15 (3.71 - 7.13) 5.15 (3.60 - 7.32) 0.995
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 5.09 (3.82 - 6.76) --
Regions 7 and 8 5.07 (3.90 - 6.55) 4.75 (3.59 - 6.25) 0.660
Maine1 7.98a (6.86 - 9.26) 11.72 (10.22 - 13.41) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 10.74   (8.28 - 13.82) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 9.05   (6.57 - 12.34) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 12.11   (8.54 - 16.91) --
Central -- (-- - --) 11.90   (9.13 - 15.36) --
Cumberland 9.22a   (7.30 - 11.58) 12.88 (10.16 - 16.20) 0.017
Midcoast 6.82a (5.09 - 9.07) 11.62   (8.74 - 15.30) 0.001
Penquis -- (-- - --) 13.25 (10.36 - 16.80) --
Western -- (-- - --) 11.89   (9.32 - 15.04) --
York 6.78a (5.11 - 8.95) 9.29   (6.95 - 12.32) 0.047
Maryland 5.30a (4.48 - 6.26) 7.76 (6.66 - 9.03) 0.000
Anne Arundel 5.78b (4.17 - 7.94) 7.67   (5.69 - 10.27) 0.069
Baltimore City 6.96a (5.25 - 9.18) 9.99   (7.67 - 12.91) 0.016
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 7.80   (5.80 - 10.43) --
Montgomery 4.96b (3.66 - 6.69) 6.91 (5.06 - 9.36) 0.056
North Central -- (-- - --) 6.43 (4.65 - 8.83) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 7.81   (5.79 - 10.45) --
Prince George's 5.38a (3.98 - 7.25) 8.55   (6.56 - 11.08) 0.004
South -- (-- - --) 6.55 (4.79 - 8.90) --
West -- (-- - --) 7.95   (5.87 - 10.67) --
Massachusetts 7.74a (6.73 - 8.89) 10.77   (9.39 - 12.32) 0.000
Boston 9.66a   (7.45 - 12.44) 13.12 (10.27 - 16.61) 0.023
Central 7.51a (5.74 - 9.77) 10.70   (8.16 - 13.91) 0.014
Metrowest 6.70a (5.27 - 8.50) 10.00   (7.81 - 12.72) 0.005
Northeast 7.22a (5.57 - 9.31) 10.04   (7.87 - 12.72) 0.024
Southeast 7.71a (6.12 - 9.67) 10.95   (8.64 - 13.79) 0.010
Western 8.90   (6.93 - 11.35) 10.77   (8.32 - 13.82) 0.176
Michigan1 7.31a (6.72 - 7.94) 9.74   (9.00 - 10.54) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 9.58   (7.29 - 12.48) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 8.39   (6.34 - 11.01) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 9.16   (7.60 - 11.01) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 10.24   (8.29 - 12.58) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 10.08   (8.69 - 11.65) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 8.40   (6.84 - 10.27) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 11.13   (9.46 - 13.05) --
Region 8 7.24 (5.97 - 8.77) 8.14 (6.63 - 9.96) 0.352
Region 9 7.00a (5.62 - 8.69) 9.87   (8.05 - 12.04) 0.009
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 11.15   (9.13 - 13.56) --
Minnesota 6.16 (5.22 - 7.26) 6.84 (5.82 - 8.02) 0.299
Regions 1 and 2 6.68 (4.91 - 9.04) 6.14 (4.38 - 8.55) 0.618
Regions 3 and 4 5.43 (4.18 - 7.04) 6.76 (5.11 - 8.90) 0.146
Regions 5 and 6 5.27 (4.04 - 6.84) 6.50 (4.88 - 8.63) 0.147
Region 7A (Hennepin) 7.58 (5.87 - 9.74) 7.40 (5.66 - 9.60) 0.869
Region 7B (Ramsey) 7.45   (5.44 - 10.11) 8.61   (6.25 - 11.75) 0.388
Region 7C 5.10 (3.82 - 6.79) 6.16 (4.81 - 7.87) 0.227
Mississippi 4.41a (3.64 - 5.34) 5.54 (4.68 - 6.55) 0.027
Region 1 3.77a (2.78 - 5.09) 5.64 (4.29 - 7.38) 0.009
Region 2 4.75 (3.45 - 6.50) 5.86 (4.38 - 7.79) 0.189
Region 3 3.94 (2.83 - 5.47) 4.80 (3.56 - 6.44) 0.228
Region 4 4.38a (3.16 - 6.04) 6.18 (4.72 - 8.05) 0.032
Region 5 3.82 (2.58 - 5.61) 4.93 (3.45 - 7.00) 0.146
Region 6 4.67 (3.34 - 6.50) 4.95 (3.61 - 6.75) 0.728
Region 7 5.51 (3.97 - 7.59) 5.69 (4.17 - 7.72) 0.841
Missouri 6.30 (5.34 - 7.41) 7.20 (6.12 - 8.45) 0.181
Central 7.16 (5.50 - 9.27) 7.15 (5.54 - 9.19) 0.996
Eastern 6.73 (5.36 - 8.42) 7.44 (6.01 - 9.19) 0.441
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 7.04 (5.40 - 9.13) 8.30   (6.42 - 10.67) 0.271
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 6.10 (4.46 - 8.28) 5.97 (4.48 - 7.91) 0.894
Northwest 6.63 (5.23 - 8.37) 8.05   (6.34 - 10.19) 0.132
Northwest (Jackson) 7.71   (5.87 - 10.05) 9.27   (6.86 - 12.40) 0.240
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 5.66 (4.07 - 7.82) 7.03 (5.13 - 9.58) 0.179
Southeast 4.73 (3.37 - 6.58) 5.48 (3.93 - 7.59) 0.377
Southwest 5.23 (3.90 - 6.99) 6.66 (4.91 - 8.98) 0.145
Montana 8.54a (7.36 - 9.87) 10.46   (9.07 - 12.03) 0.030
Region 1 7.05 (5.07 - 9.71) 7.88   (5.59 - 11.01) 0.517
Region 2 7.69a   (5.82 - 10.10) 10.69   (8.12 - 13.95) 0.035
Region 3 6.89a (5.23 - 9.03) 10.26   (7.99 - 13.07) 0.010
Region 4 9.53   (7.67 - 11.78) 10.23   (8.15 - 12.78) 0.599
Region 5 9.66   (7.75 - 11.97) 11.34   (9.07 - 14.08) 0.247
Nebraska 5.38 (4.56 - 6.34) 5.97 (5.04 - 7.06) 0.313
Regions 1 and 2 4.06a (2.85 - 5.76) 6.09 (4.47 - 8.25) 0.012
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 6.13 (4.20 - 8.86) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 6.06 (4.13 - 8.81) --
Region 3 4.80 (3.53 - 6.48) 5.33 (3.96 - 7.14) 0.490
Region 4 4.37 (3.15 - 6.03) 4.93 (3.50 - 6.90) 0.456
Region 5 5.58 (4.34 - 7.16) 5.60 (4.33 - 7.22) 0.987
Region 6 6.16 (4.96 - 7.63) 6.63 (5.32 - 8.23) 0.578
Nevada1 7.06 (5.90 - 8.43) 7.94 (6.67 - 9.42) 0.307
Clark – Region 1 6.76 (5.46 - 8.35) 7.60 (6.19 - 9.30) 0.385
Region 3 6.29 (4.64 - 8.49) 7.82   (5.83 - 10.40) 0.177
Capital District -- (-- - --) 8.30   (5.68 - 11.99) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 7.37   (5.15 - 10.45) --
Washoe – Region 2 9.02   (6.93 - 11.67) 9.58   (7.36 - 12.39) 0.700
New Hampshire 9.60   (8.35 - 11.02) 10.92   (9.62 - 12.37) 0.143
Central 8.56a   (6.97 - 10.47) 11.67   (9.77 - 13.88) 0.007
Central 1 8.18a   (6.39 - 10.43) 13.20 (10.63 - 16.27) 0.000
Central 2 8.92   (6.78 - 11.64) 10.18   (7.87 - 13.08) 0.381
Northern 8.91a   (6.72 - 11.73) 12.40   (9.47 - 16.08) 0.036
Southern 10.25   (8.72 - 12.02) 10.22   (8.73 - 11.93) 0.976
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 9.50   (7.33 - 12.23) 9.04   (7.14 - 11.37) 0.731
Southern 2 10.71   (8.85 - 12.91) 10.96   (9.01 - 13.27) 0.851
New Jersey 4.67a (3.93 - 5.55) 6.01 (5.06 - 7.12) 0.017
Central 5.15 (3.90 - 6.75) 5.32 (4.02 - 7.01) 0.833
Metropolitan 4.65 (3.54 - 6.09) 5.56 (4.23 - 7.28) 0.230
Northern 4.41a (3.42 - 5.67) 6.19 (4.74 - 8.06) 0.028
Southern 4.59a (3.42 - 6.12) 6.99 (5.43 - 8.95) 0.006
New Mexico 7.79a (6.68 - 9.06) 9.61   (8.21 - 11.23) 0.032
Region 1 7.51 (5.70 - 9.85) 8.99   (6.82 - 11.76) 0.259
Region 2 7.48   (5.41 - 10.27) 8.76   (6.44 - 11.81) 0.343
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 9.22a   (7.46 - 11.34) 12.00   (9.65 - 14.83) 0.050
Region 4 6.66 (4.94 - 8.91) 7.72   (5.72 - 10.35) 0.353
Region 5 6.83 (5.27 - 8.82) 8.15   (6.16 - 10.70) 0.225
New York 7.53a (6.91 - 8.20) 8.59 (7.90 - 9.34) 0.024
Region A 7.12a (6.27 - 8.08) 8.43 (7.46 - 9.50) 0.037
Region 1 6.83 (5.27 - 8.80) 7.05 (5.59 - 8.85) 0.819
Region 2 6.80a (5.51 - 8.38) 9.60   (8.00 - 11.47) 0.006
Region 3 10.73   (8.72 - 13.13) 9.75   (7.82 - 12.08) 0.448
Region 4 5.13b (4.02 - 6.53) 6.74 (5.32 - 8.49) 0.066
Region B -- (-- - --) 8.74   (7.60 - 10.02) --
Region 5 7.06a (5.92 - 8.39) 8.94   (7.40 - 10.76) 0.041
Region 6 6.48b (5.11 - 8.17) 8.22   (6.44 - 10.44) 0.086
Region 7 8.03   (6.31 - 10.15) 8.89   (6.93 - 11.33) 0.451
Region C -- (-- - --) 8.53 (7.58 - 9.59) --
Region 8 9.99   (8.08 - 12.30) 9.68   (7.74 - 12.04) 0.801
Region 9 8.80   (7.11 - 10.85) 7.72 (6.15 - 9.65) 0.309
Region 10 9.09   (7.22 - 11.38) 9.49   (7.22 - 12.38) 0.760
Region 11 8.47   (6.90 - 10.35) 8.64   (6.93 - 10.71) 0.876
Region 12 7.77 (6.28 - 9.59) 7.73 (6.16 - 9.65) 0.967
Region D 7.61a (6.46 - 8.94) 9.21   (7.80 - 10.85) 0.041
Region 13 7.02a (5.33 - 9.19) 9.95   (7.66 - 12.81) 0.017
Region 14 7.46 (5.75 - 9.63) 8.03   (6.07 - 10.56) 0.603
Region 15 8.27   (6.46 - 10.53) 9.74   (7.52 - 12.52) 0.252
North Carolina 5.44b (4.59 - 6.44) 6.51 (5.52 - 7.67) 0.077
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 6.91 (5.11 - 9.29) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 5.68 (4.07 - 7.89) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 6.29 (4.50 - 8.73) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 6.59 (4.86 - 8.88) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 7.22 (5.23 - 9.89) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 5.98 (4.31 - 8.23) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 5.19 (3.72 - 7.19) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 6.64 (4.84 - 9.05) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 6.19 (4.29 - 8.85) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 7.27 (5.31 - 9.89) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 6.81 (4.86 - 9.47) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 6.43 (4.49 - 9.12) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 6.69 (4.80 - 9.24) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 7.68   (5.51 - 10.60) --
North Dakota 5.31 (4.51 - 6.24) 5.58 (4.72 - 6.59) 0.620
Badlands and West Central 4.55 (3.42 - 6.02) 4.93 (3.75 - 6.45) 0.612
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 4.14 (2.85 - 5.99) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 5.67 (4.16 - 7.69) --
Northeast 5.58b (4.20 - 7.37) 7.27 (5.56 - 9.44) 0.078
Northwest -- (-- - --) 5.81 (3.98 - 8.39) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 4.67 (3.24 - 6.70) --
Southeast 6.87 (5.53 - 8.50) 5.91 (4.65 - 7.49) 0.273
Ohio 6.36a (5.84 - 6.93) 7.37 (6.74 - 8.05) 0.014
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 5.34 (4.05 - 7.00) 6.30 (4.65 - 8.49) 0.280
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.94 (3.75 - 6.49) 6.06 (4.53 - 8.07) 0.162
Boards 4 and 78 6.03 (4.61 - 7.85) 7.29 (5.35 - 9.86) 0.188
Boards 5 and 60 5.96a (4.58 - 7.72) 8.83   (6.84 - 11.34) 0.003
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 5.28 (3.97 - 6.99) 5.67 (4.23 - 7.57) 0.623
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.82 (4.44 - 7.59) 5.57 (4.18 - 7.37) 0.763
Board 9 (Butler) 6.68 (5.18 - 8.58) 7.20 (5.43 - 9.49) 0.582
Board 12 7.70   (5.89 - 10.00) 7.28 (5.44 - 9.67) 0.691
Boards 18 and 47 6.41 (5.32 - 7.70) 7.10 (5.87 - 8.57) 0.390
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 4.19b (3.06 - 5.71) 5.70 (4.22 - 7.66) 0.056
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 5.37 (4.18 - 6.87) 5.49 (4.18 - 7.19) 0.876
Boards 22, 74, and 87 5.48 (4.09 - 7.30) 6.48 (4.83 - 8.64) 0.259
Boards 23 and 45 5.18a (3.91 - 6.85) 6.95 (5.28 - 9.08) 0.041
Board 25 (Franklin) 7.24a (5.98 - 8.74) 10.61   (8.76 - 12.81) 0.002
Boards 27, 71, and 73 4.78a (3.56 - 6.40) 7.34 (5.47 - 9.77) 0.009
Boards 28, 43, and 67 5.00a (3.84 - 6.48) 6.75 (5.26 - 8.63) 0.025
Board 31 (Hamilton) 7.30 (5.81 - 9.13) 8.37   (6.62 - 10.53) 0.308
Board 48 (Lucas) 7.70 (6.11 - 9.67) 8.12   (6.12 - 10.69) 0.712
Boards 50 and 76 6.70 (5.22 - 8.55) 6.62 (5.12 - 8.52) 0.933
Board 57 (Montgomery) 9.55b   (7.52 - 12.05) 7.20 (5.47 - 9.42) 0.058
Board 77 (Summit) 7.26 (5.71 - 9.18) 8.81   (6.79 - 11.35) 0.177
Oklahoma 5.31 (4.43 - 6.35) 6.08 (5.08 - 7.27) 0.216
Central 5.36 (3.93 - 7.29) 6.50 (4.82 - 8.71) 0.212
East Central 3.86b (2.68 - 5.54) 5.16 (3.67 - 7.21) 0.085
Northeast 4.85 (3.55 - 6.60) 5.42 (3.94 - 7.41) 0.488
Northwest and Southwest 4.15a (2.97 - 5.77) 6.07 (4.39 - 8.34) 0.024
Oklahoma County 6.76 (5.08 - 8.96) 7.02 (5.29 - 9.26) 0.814
Southeast 4.53 (3.33 - 6.15) 4.32 (3.04 - 6.10) 0.781
Tulsa County 6.75 (5.08 - 8.92) 7.32 (5.43 - 9.79) 0.617
Oregon 8.36a (7.19 - 9.69) 12.19 (10.69 - 13.87) 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 11.08   (8.73 - 13.97) 13.32 (10.57 - 16.64) 0.203
Region 2 7.29a (5.65 - 9.36) 12.56 (10.02 - 15.62) 0.000
Region 3 8.30a   (6.64 - 10.34) 12.03   (9.83 - 14.64) 0.005
Region 4 7.40a (5.64 - 9.67) 11.79   (8.83 - 15.58) 0.004
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 10.65   (7.65 - 14.64) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 10.23   (7.22 - 14.28) --
Pennsylvania1 5.76a (5.27 - 6.29) 6.84 (6.24 - 7.49) 0.005
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.56 (6.24 - 9.14) 7.91 (6.43 - 9.70) 0.718
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 6.82 (5.42 - 8.55) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 5.13 (4.05 - 6.48) 6.34 (4.95 - 8.10) 0.137
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.56 (3.62 - 5.73) 5.30 (4.08 - 6.87) 0.267
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 6.96 (5.57 - 8.68) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 5.90 (4.96 - 7.01) 6.70 (5.58 - 8.02) 0.254
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 5.57 (4.19 - 7.37) --
Regions 17 and 21 5.95 (4.53 - 7.78) 6.20 (4.67 - 8.19) 0.779
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.67 (3.81 - 5.73) 5.50 (4.48 - 6.75) 0.187
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.12 (3.12 - 5.42) 4.27 (3.23 - 5.64) 0.826
Regions 29 and 34 5.75b (4.41 - 7.47) 7.41 (5.63 - 9.70) 0.078
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 6.44 (4.91 - 8.39) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.49a (6.29 - 8.90) 10.44   (8.66 - 12.53) 0.003
Rhode Island 9.50a   (8.27 - 10.88) 13.47 (11.94 - 15.16) 0.000
Bristol and Newport 9.16a   (6.98 - 11.94) 14.45 (11.07 - 18.63) 0.003
Kent 8.26a   (6.33 - 10.70) 14.23 (11.15 - 17.98) 0.000
Providence 9.39a   (7.95 - 11.06) 12.77 (10.93 - 14.87) 0.004
Washington 12.01   (9.29 - 15.40) 14.85 (11.81 - 18.50) 0.123
South Carolina 5.31a (4.45 - 6.34) 7.02 (5.97 - 8.24) 0.009
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 6.98 (5.38 - 9.01) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 7.10 (5.53 - 9.08) --
Region 3 4.91a (3.55 - 6.77) 6.99 (5.24 - 9.27) 0.033
Region 4 5.66 (4.28 - 7.43) 7.01 (5.48 - 8.93) 0.136
South Dakota 5.04 (4.22 - 6.00) 5.14 (4.28 - 6.16) 0.856
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 5.46 (4.08 - 7.26) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 5.29 (3.63 - 7.65) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.79 (3.63 - 6.29) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 5.41 (3.95 - 7.35) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.97 (3.79 - 6.49) --
Tennessee 4.88 (4.07 - 5.83) 5.29 (4.40 - 6.35) 0.425
Region 1 5.55 (3.92 - 7.81) 4.75 (3.32 - 6.76) 0.349
Region 2 6.06 (4.52 - 8.08) 4.76 (3.49 - 6.46) 0.129
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.77 (3.49 - 6.48) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 6.78 (4.89 - 9.31) 6.00 (4.33 - 8.25) 0.466
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 6.12 (4.61 - 8.09) --
Region 6 3.86 (2.73 - 5.45) 4.69 (3.36 - 6.51) 0.258
Region 7 (Shelby) 5.03 (3.70 - 6.81) 5.36 (3.91 - 7.29) 0.699
Texas 4.66a (4.25 - 5.12) 5.62 (5.13 - 6.16) 0.003
Region 1 4.98 (3.84 - 6.43) 6.08 (4.64 - 7.93) 0.162
Region 2 4.66a (3.41 - 6.33) 6.40 (4.70 - 8.67) 0.028
Region 3 4.60a (3.97 - 5.33) 5.67 (4.90 - 6.55) 0.024
Region 3a 4.71 (3.95 - 5.61) 5.48 (4.55 - 6.58) 0.177
Region 3bc 4.42a (3.52 - 5.53) 6.00 (4.87 - 7.37) 0.016
Region 4 3.89b (2.92 - 5.17) 5.17 (3.88 - 6.84) 0.062
Region 5 4.69b (3.55 - 6.16) 5.98 (4.51 - 7.89) 0.083
Region 6 4.43 (3.76 - 5.22) 5.15 (4.35 - 6.09) 0.155
Region 6a 4.28 (3.56 - 5.13) 5.02 (4.17 - 6.03) 0.172
Region 6bc 5.67 (4.22 - 7.59) 6.24 (4.60 - 8.42) 0.531
Region 7 6.83 (5.78 - 8.05) 7.44 (6.25 - 8.83) 0.422
Region 7a 7.51 (6.08 - 9.25) 8.37   (6.73 - 10.35) 0.420
Region 7bcd 5.81 (4.66 - 7.23) 5.84 (4.56 - 7.44) 0.976
Region 8 4.54a (3.63 - 5.66) 5.93 (4.78 - 7.34) 0.048
Region 9 3.87a (2.84 - 5.27) 6.08 (4.50 - 8.17) 0.002
Region 10 3.58 (2.67 - 4.79) 4.23 (3.25 - 5.49) 0.225
Region 11 3.64 (2.91 - 4.54) 3.93 (3.16 - 4.87) 0.514
Region 11abd 3.76 (2.86 - 4.91) 4.18 (3.20 - 5.45) 0.436
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.41 (2.49 - 4.65) 3.49 (2.59 - 4.68) 0.877
Utah 4.00a (3.29 - 4.87) 5.39 (4.53 - 6.41) 0.011
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 3.66 (2.58 - 5.18) 4.49 (3.26 - 6.16) 0.217
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 2.79a (1.90 - 4.08) 4.89 (3.45 - 6.89) 0.002
Davis County 3.38a (2.39 - 4.75) 4.72 (3.38 - 6.56) 0.050
Salt Lake County 5.08b (3.97 - 6.48) 6.61 (5.25 - 8.29) 0.079
Utah County 3.16b (2.25 - 4.43) 4.39 (3.24 - 5.92) 0.067
Weber, Morgan 3.49b (2.38 - 5.08) 4.89 (3.43 - 6.93) 0.060
Vermont 9.54a   (8.31 - 10.94) 13.01 (11.46 - 14.73) 0.000
Champlain Valley 10.96a   (9.27 - 12.92) 13.87 (11.82 - 16.20) 0.027
Rural Northeast 9.03a   (7.19 - 11.29) 12.68 (10.03 - 15.91) 0.013
Rural Southeast 8.37a   (6.32 - 11.00) 13.01 (10.21 - 16.44) 0.005
Rural Southwest 8.49b   (6.56 - 10.92) 11.31   (8.66 - 14.65) 0.054
Virginia 5.60 (4.72 - 6.63) 6.40 (5.45 - 7.50) 0.182
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 7.80   (5.97 - 10.12) --
Region 2 5.59 (4.20 - 7.40) 5.04 (3.81 - 6.63) 0.512
Region 3 5.84 (4.41 - 7.71) 6.83 (5.25 - 8.84) 0.302
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 6.15 (4.64 - 8.11) --
Region 5 5.75 (4.42 - 7.44) 6.99 (5.42 - 8.96) 0.190
Washington1 6.67a (5.68 - 7.81) 12.74 (11.26 - 14.40) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 10.53   (8.45 - 13.04) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 8.90   (6.68 - 11.77) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 12.89   (9.75 - 16.86) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 14.31 (12.29 - 16.58) --
King 7.30a (5.74 - 9.24) 12.74 (10.45 - 15.44) 0.000
North Sound 6.69a (5.18 - 8.61) 17.06 (13.70 - 21.04) 0.000
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 12.01 (10.06 - 14.28) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 12.91   (9.35 - 17.56) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 12.23   (9.33 - 15.85) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 10.74   (8.17 - 14.01) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 13.27   (9.65 - 17.99) --
West Virginia1 5.36 (4.55 - 6.31) 5.76 (4.84 - 6.84) 0.506
Region I 5.04 (3.69 - 6.85) 4.89 (3.37 - 7.04) 0.863
Region II -- (-- - --) 5.89 (4.29 - 8.04) --
Region III 4.62 (3.32 - 6.41) 4.45 (3.03 - 6.48) 0.823
Region IV -- (-- - --) 7.17 (5.61 - 9.11) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 5.77 (4.40 - 7.52) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 4.98 (3.66 - 6.73) --
Wisconsin 5.60b (4.77 - 6.56) 6.63 (5.62 - 7.79) 0.084
Milwaukee 7.25 (5.55 - 9.40) 7.69   (5.78 - 10.16) 0.706
Northeastern 4.95 (3.80 - 6.42) 5.53 (4.15 - 7.32) 0.470
Northern 5.69 (4.16 - 7.73) 5.12 (3.63 - 7.18) 0.541
Southeastern 4.97b (3.75 - 6.56) 6.45 (4.86 - 8.51) 0.086
Southern -- (-- - --) 7.49 (5.72 - 9.73) --
Western -- (-- - --) 7.12 (5.36 - 9.39) --
Wyoming 5.32 (4.46 - 6.34) 6.26 (5.26 - 7.43) 0.126
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.57a (3.33 - 6.26) 6.58 (4.84 - 8.88) 0.032
Judicial District 2 7.21 (5.51 - 9.39) 8.84   (6.69 - 11.59) 0.167
Judicial District 3 5.36 (3.98 - 7.18) 5.06 (3.68 - 6.93) 0.728
Judicial District 4 4.69 (3.30 - 6.64) 6.14 (4.26 - 8.78) 0.145
Judicial District 5 3.96 (2.82 - 5.53) 5.13 (3.59 - 7.28) 0.126
Judicial District 6 4.45 (3.14 - 6.28) 5.07 (3.65 - 7.01) 0.440
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 6.37 (4.70 - 8.58) 6.01 (4.37 - 8.20) 0.725
Judicial District 8 3.89b (2.73 - 5.52) 5.29 (3.71 - 7.48) 0.093
Judicial District 9 6.57 (4.72 - 9.09) 7.88   (5.64 - 10.89) 0.294
160414
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 39.30a (38.86 - 39.75) 28.50 (28.11 - 28.89) 0.000
Northeast 36.52a (35.62 - 37.42) 26.56 (25.77 - 27.38) 0.000
Midwest 37.90a (37.25 - 38.56) 26.11 (25.47 - 26.76) 0.000
South 43.63a (42.99 - 44.28) 32.60 (31.97 - 33.23) 0.000
West 36.20a (35.32 - 37.10) 25.64 (24.89 - 26.42) 0.000
Alabama 49.66a (46.83 - 52.50) 37.74 (35.17 - 40.39) 0.000
Region 1 48.74a (44.00 - 53.50) 39.39 (35.08 - 43.87) 0.003
Region 2 49.15a (44.84 - 53.46) 33.73 (29.87 - 37.82) 0.000
Region 3 50.12a (45.22 - 55.01) 38.87 (34.89 - 43.00) 0.000
Region 4 51.21a (46.87 - 55.53) 40.55 (36.09 - 45.18) 0.000
Alaska 26.84a (24.31 - 29.53) 18.90 (16.88 - 21.10) 0.000
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 18.68 (16.12 - 21.53) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 18.71 (15.56 - 22.32) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 19.44 (16.28 - 23.05) --
Southeast 24.21a (19.82 - 29.20) 18.85 (15.26 - 23.06) 0.036
Arizona 40.23a (37.57 - 42.95) 26.46 (24.06 - 29.00) 0.000
Maricopa 39.85a (36.61 - 43.18) 25.40 (22.54 - 28.50) 0.000
Pima 38.31a (33.40 - 43.48) 24.72 (20.73 - 29.18) 0.000
Rural North 40.22a (35.03 - 45.63) 29.06 (24.10 - 34.59) 0.001
Rural South 44.80a (38.80 - 50.94) 30.88 (26.50 - 35.63) 0.000
Arkansas1 45.84a (43.05 - 48.66) 34.99 (32.53 - 37.54) 0.000
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 33.02 (28.65 - 37.71) --
Catchment Area 2 47.12a (41.37 - 52.94) 33.08 (28.28 - 38.26) 0.000
Catchment Area 3 48.88a (43.73 - 54.05) 39.74 (35.22 - 44.45) 0.005
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 31.39 (26.72 - 36.48) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 32.94 (28.46 - 37.75) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 41.33 (36.20 - 46.65) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 39.01 (33.71 - 44.59) --
Catchment Area 8 39.64b (35.09 - 44.38) 33.85 (29.40 - 38.60) 0.054
California 38.13a (36.70 - 39.57) 27.60 (26.39 - 28.84) 0.000
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 22.05 (18.36 - 26.24) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 22.80 (19.25 - 26.78) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 24.40 (20.91 - 28.27) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 22.34 (19.03 - 26.05) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 22.71 (18.66 - 27.35) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 35.87a (31.67 - 40.30) 28.47 (24.77 - 32.48) 0.006
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 23.86 (20.20 - 27.95) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 26.84 (23.28 - 30.74) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 26.15 (22.00 - 30.77) --
Region 10 36.60a (32.03 - 41.44) 24.32 (20.73 - 28.32) 0.000
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 43.99a (41.43 - 46.57) 29.38 (27.57 - 31.25) 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 21.44 (17.89 - 25.47) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 25.49 (22.17 - 29.11) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 34.66 (30.36 - 39.23) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 30.18 (26.06 - 34.65) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 32.00 (27.54 - 36.81) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 35.10 (31.13 - 39.29) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 27.35 (23.78 - 31.24) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 28.02 (23.80 - 32.67) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 29.72 (26.42 - 33.26) --
Region 14 (Orange) 37.26a (33.41 - 41.27) 28.48 (25.23 - 31.98) 0.000
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 28.94 (24.86 - 33.39) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 25.35 (22.48 - 28.45) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 31.83 (28.06 - 35.85) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 32.11 (28.44 - 36.01) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 31.26 (27.01 - 35.85) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 24.45 (20.61 - 28.74) --
Colorado 30.48a (28.02 - 33.05) 19.86 (17.73 - 22.18) 0.000
Region 1 32.22a (27.85 - 36.92) 19.96 (16.15 - 24.40) 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 29.09a (26.02 - 32.37) 18.37 (15.88 - 21.15) 0.000
Region 3 29.41a (24.98 - 34.26) 21.04 (17.40 - 25.19) 0.003
Region 4 44.16a (38.19 - 50.30) 29.86 (24.65 - 35.66) 0.000
Regions 5 and 6 29.59a (24.89 - 34.76) 20.91 (16.94 - 25.53) 0.002
Connecticut 32.87a (30.10 - 35.77) 25.15 (22.74 - 27.73) 0.000
Eastern 32.82a (27.93 - 38.11) 22.78 (19.06 - 26.98) 0.000
North Central 34.08a (29.89 - 38.53) 25.51 (21.96 - 29.42) 0.002
Northwestern 33.42a (28.99 - 38.16) 27.04 (23.00 - 31.51) 0.027
South Central 33.29a (28.86 - 38.02) 24.20 (20.61 - 28.20) 0.001
Southwest 30.13 (25.26 - 35.50) 25.61 (21.38 - 30.36) 0.136
Delaware 38.70a (36.16 - 41.31) 27.46 (25.16 - 29.89) 0.000
Kent 41.98a (36.88 - 47.25) 26.85 (22.98 - 31.11) 0.000
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 34.48a (31.34 - 37.76) 27.28 (24.41 - 30.34) 0.001
Sussex 44.44a (39.52 - 49.47) 28.07 (23.95 - 32.60) 0.000
Wilmington City 44.34a (38.92 - 49.90) 28.30 (23.33 - 33.87) 0.000
District of Columbia 33.12a (30.31 - 36.05) 19.65 (17.56 - 21.91) 0.000
Ward 1 32.83a (27.91 - 38.17) 17.46 (14.32 - 21.13) 0.000
Ward 2 25.85a (21.53 - 30.71) 14.20 (11.31 - 17.68) 0.000
Ward 3 19.81a (15.98 - 24.31) 14.15 (11.22 - 17.67) 0.017
Ward 4 38.92a (33.30 - 44.85) 23.93 (19.90 - 28.49) 0.000
Ward 5 37.81a (32.24 - 43.72) 21.84 (18.10 - 26.11) 0.000
Ward 6 31.13a (26.01 - 36.77) 17.15 (13.98 - 20.88) 0.000
Ward 7 42.52a (36.99 - 48.25) 25.55 (20.90 - 30.84) 0.000
Ward 8 40.87a (35.70 - 46.24) 24.49 (20.64 - 28.81) 0.000
Florida1 42.74a (41.32 - 44.16) 32.08 (30.70 - 33.50) 0.000
Broward (Circuit 17) 41.38a (37.59 - 45.26) 32.23 (28.82 - 35.84) 0.000
Central I -- (-- - --) 28.22 (25.62 - 30.96) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 30.54 (27.30 - 33.99) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 24.84 (21.23 - 28.84) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 29.86 (27.82 - 31.97) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 27.24 (23.62 - 31.18) --
Circuit 10 45.36a (40.60 - 50.21) 32.52 (28.18 - 37.19) 0.000
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 31.23 (27.04 - 35.75) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 29.66 (26.21 - 33.35) --
Circuit 20 43.55a (39.12 - 48.08) 30.66 (26.63 - 35.01) 0.000
Northeast -- (-- - --) 28.38 (26.16 - 30.70) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 29.39 (25.81 - 33.25) --
Circuit 5 45.16a (40.13 - 50.30) 27.34 (23.48 - 31.57) 0.000
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 28.41 (24.42 - 32.78) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 28.31 (24.27 - 32.73) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 26.23 (23.52 - 29.14) --
Circuit 1 41.58a (36.92 - 46.39) 25.46 (21.58 - 29.78) 0.000
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 26.02 (22.12 - 30.35) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 28.36 (23.56 - 33.71) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 53.63a (50.50 - 56.73) 49.29 (46.10 - 52.49) 0.048
Southeast -- (-- - --) 30.75 (27.68 - 34.00) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 40.98a (36.74 - 45.36) 31.98 (28.14 - 36.07) 0.001
Circuit 19 43.40a (38.23 - 48.73) 28.05 (23.81 - 32.71) 0.000
Georgia 44.43a (41.83 - 47.06) 34.03 (31.57 - 36.58) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 34.38 (30.45 - 38.53) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 34.73 (30.62 - 39.08) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 34.09 (30.42 - 37.97) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 33.84 (28.96 - 39.09) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 32.94 (27.98 - 38.31) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 33.55 (28.86 - 38.58) --
Hawaii 36.27a (33.41 - 39.22) 26.53 (24.05 - 29.18) 0.000
Hawaii Island 35.41a (30.08 - 41.12) 22.86 (18.83 - 27.46) 0.000
Honolulu 37.26a (33.97 - 40.67) 27.88 (25.03 - 30.91) 0.000
Kauai -- (-- - --) 24.27 (19.55 - 29.71) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 23.54 (19.50 - 28.11) --
Idaho 39.75a (37.20 - 42.35) 28.41 (26.12 - 30.82) 0.000
Region 1 35.11a (30.12 - 40.46) 28.44 (24.07 - 33.26) 0.043
Region 2 38.12a (32.75 - 43.80) 22.93 (18.58 - 27.93) 0.000
Region 3 44.02a (39.49 - 48.65) 31.38 (27.22 - 35.85) 0.000
Region 4 34.93a (30.90 - 39.19) 23.81 (20.63 - 27.33) 0.000
Region 5 43.54a (38.61 - 48.59) 32.92 (28.39 - 37.79) 0.001
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 28.77 (24.16 - 33.85) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 32.84 (28.58 - 37.39) --
Illinois 38.69a (37.27 - 40.12) 28.34 (26.98 - 29.74) 0.000
Region I (Cook) 38.17a (36.06 - 40.32) 29.54 (27.54 - 31.62) 0.000
Region II 35.62a (33.24 - 38.08) 27.28 (25.15 - 29.53) 0.000
Region III 39.68a (36.54 - 42.91) 26.57 (23.83 - 29.51) 0.000
Region IV 43.51a (39.46 - 47.65) 30.18 (26.87 - 33.72) 0.000
Region V 45.46a (41.80 - 49.18) 27.43 (24.13 - 31.00) 0.000
Indiana 40.24a (37.67 - 42.86) 27.18 (24.85 - 29.65) 0.000
Central 36.86a (32.49 - 41.45) 24.87 (21.35 - 28.75) 0.000
East 41.06a (35.64 - 46.70) 28.84 (24.31 - 33.85) 0.000
North Central 40.92a (36.07 - 45.95) 28.30 (24.23 - 32.77) 0.000
Northeast 42.40a (37.21 - 47.75) 26.93 (22.38 - 32.03) 0.000
Northwest 41.37a (36.32 - 46.60) 30.91 (26.28 - 35.95) 0.001
Southeast 46.01a (40.53 - 51.60) 29.64 (24.73 - 35.06) 0.000
Southwest 38.82a (33.36 - 44.57) 25.89 (21.52 - 30.79) 0.000
West 38.46a (33.72 - 43.45) 24.96 (20.89 - 29.52) 0.000
Iowa 42.49a (39.78 - 45.26) 27.59 (25.20 - 30.11) 0.000
Central 40.28a (35.19 - 45.60) 25.14 (21.29 - 29.42) 0.000
North Central 39.90a (34.76 - 45.29) 26.01 (21.67 - 30.87) 0.000
Northeast 41.44a (37.19 - 45.83) 28.35 (24.62 - 32.40) 0.000
Northwest 46.57a (41.31 - 51.90) 29.85 (25.19 - 34.97) 0.000
Southeast 41.55a (36.94 - 46.30) 26.91 (23.17 - 31.01) 0.000
Southwest 47.21a (41.67 - 52.82) 29.87 (25.31 - 34.88) 0.000
Kansas 43.77a (41.06 - 46.51) 26.06 (23.83 - 28.41) 0.000
Kansas City Metro 39.80a (35.85 - 43.88) 24.48 (21.46 - 27.77) 0.000
Northeast 44.18a (39.23 - 49.24) 25.62 (21.73 - 29.93) 0.000
South Central 47.85a (42.69 - 53.05) 25.50 (21.60 - 29.84) 0.000
Southeast 48.59a (42.76 - 54.45) 27.06 (22.18 - 32.56) 0.000
West 51.21a (45.66 - 56.73) 31.38 (26.86 - 36.28) 0.000
Wichita (Sedgwick) 39.98a (35.31 - 44.84) 26.28 (22.39 - 30.59) 0.000
Kentucky 41.24a (38.56 - 43.96) 32.12 (29.64 - 34.71) 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 46.90a (42.00 - 51.86) 34.00 (29.50 - 38.81) 0.000
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 37.44a (33.32 - 41.74) 28.36 (24.89 - 32.10) 0.000
Communicare and River Valley 41.45a (36.16 - 46.95) 34.90 (30.16 - 39.95) 0.041
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 45.66a (39.96 - 51.47) 35.95 (30.47 - 41.82) 0.006
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 47.87a (42.45 - 53.33) 37.40 (32.19 - 42.92) 0.003
Seven Counties 35.82a (31.39 - 40.51) 29.97 (26.04 - 34.21) 0.042
Louisiana 45.02a (42.45 - 47.61) 34.54 (32.10 - 37.07) 0.000
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 32.06 (28.22 - 36.17) --
Region 1 45.14a (39.57 - 50.84) 29.44 (24.47 - 34.95) 0.000
Region 10 (Jefferson) 41.61a (36.47 - 46.95) 34.79 (29.90 - 40.02) 0.031
Regions 2 and 9 41.90a (37.72 - 46.20) 33.43 (29.80 - 37.27) 0.002
Region 3 46.57a (41.16 - 52.05) 35.30 (30.27 - 40.67) 0.001
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 34.28 (30.32 - 38.48) --
Regions 7 and 8 48.58a (44.16 - 53.03) 38.48 (34.35 - 42.79) 0.000
Maine1 31.96a (29.34 - 34.69) 18.00 (15.94 - 20.27) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 20.16 (16.97 - 23.76) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 23.56 (18.97 - 28.85) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 17.39 (13.73 - 21.78) --
Central -- (-- - --) 18.79 (15.47 - 22.63) --
Cumberland 27.42a (23.29 - 31.98) 16.45 (13.45 - 19.96) 0.000
Midcoast 33.07a (27.97 - 38.60) 17.23 (13.64 - 21.53) 0.000
Penquis -- (-- - --) 17.27 (13.90 - 21.25) --
Western -- (-- - --) 20.63 (16.92 - 24.92) --
York 30.09a (25.39 - 35.25) 16.45 (13.16 - 20.37) 0.000
Maryland 38.19a (35.29 - 41.18) 28.36 (25.81 - 31.05) 0.000
Anne Arundel 35.54a (30.17 - 41.29) 25.50 (21.15 - 30.40) 0.001
Baltimore City 43.61a (38.28 - 49.08) 31.86 (27.11 - 37.01) 0.001
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 26.83 (22.46 - 31.70) --
Montgomery 34.04 (29.38 - 39.02) 29.35 (24.94 - 34.18) 0.129
North Central -- (-- - --) 24.68 (20.15 - 29.86) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 28.56 (23.68 - 33.99) --
Prince George's 40.98a (36.17 - 45.97) 30.51 (26.00 - 35.44) 0.001
South -- (-- - --) 27.46 (23.13 - 32.25) --
West -- (-- - --) 28.22 (23.72 - 33.21) --
Massachusetts 28.46a (25.97 - 31.10) 20.25 (18.16 - 22.52) 0.000
Boston 29.62a (25.01 - 34.69) 19.36 (15.86 - 23.41) 0.000
Central 29.15a (24.67 - 34.08) 20.29 (16.63 - 24.51) 0.002
Metrowest 22.91a (19.38 - 26.88) 17.91 (14.90 - 21.38) 0.028
Northeast 29.42a (25.19 - 34.04) 23.15 (19.58 - 27.15) 0.021
Southeast 30.10a (25.95 - 34.59) 20.14 (16.74 - 24.03) 0.000
Western 32.85a (27.81 - 38.32) 21.06 (17.43 - 25.23) 0.000
Michigan1 36.39a (35.10 - 37.70) 23.52 (22.28 - 24.81) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 20.66 (17.27 - 24.53) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 24.05 (20.22 - 28.34) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 23.05 (20.37 - 25.98) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 24.84 (21.73 - 28.24) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 23.10 (20.68 - 25.71) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 20.55 (17.82 - 23.57) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 26.09 (23.31 - 29.09) --
Region 8 29.74a (26.52 - 33.17) 21.81 (19.09 - 24.81) 0.000
Region 9 34.69a (30.92 - 38.67) 25.56 (22.33 - 29.08) 0.000
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 22.18 (19.19 - 25.48) --
Minnesota 30.95a (28.56 - 33.46) 24.08 (21.84 - 26.49) 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 32.85a (27.87 - 38.26) 25.76 (21.14 - 30.98) 0.029
Regions 3 and 4 33.86a (29.41 - 38.61) 25.30 (21.37 - 29.69) 0.003
Regions 5 and 6 36.29a (31.76 - 41.07) 27.35 (23.25 - 31.87) 0.003
Region 7A (Hennepin) 26.84b (23.12 - 30.92) 22.19 (18.67 - 26.16) 0.069
Region 7B (Ramsey) 27.35a (22.77 - 32.46) 21.57 (17.48 - 26.31) 0.044
Region 7C 28.98a (24.98 - 33.34) 22.63 (19.30 - 26.36) 0.013
Mississippi 49.84a (47.00 - 52.69) 38.13 (35.54 - 40.80) 0.000
Region 1 50.69a (45.95 - 55.42) 36.17 (32.08 - 40.47) 0.000
Region 2 55.00a (49.93 - 59.96) 43.38 (38.41 - 48.48) 0.000
Region 3 50.53a (45.34 - 55.71) 38.60 (33.98 - 43.44) 0.000
Region 4 47.10a (42.06 - 52.19) 36.79 (32.09 - 41.76) 0.002
Region 5 52.12a (46.23 - 57.96) 42.34 (36.55 - 48.33) 0.006
Region 6 50.22a (45.01 - 55.43) 41.31 (36.60 - 46.19) 0.005
Region 7 45.27a (39.76 - 50.89) 34.35 (29.48 - 39.58) 0.002
Missouri 38.36a (35.81 - 40.98) 27.56 (25.21 - 30.05) 0.000
Central 37.85a (33.09 - 42.87) 29.22 (24.94 - 33.91) 0.004
Eastern 34.69a (31.23 - 38.32) 25.95 (22.96 - 29.18) 0.000
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 33.67a (29.56 - 38.04) 24.89 (21.20 - 28.99) 0.001
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 36.78a (31.73 - 42.14) 27.75 (23.65 - 32.26) 0.003
Northwest 38.81a (34.98 - 42.77) 26.51 (23.07 - 30.27) 0.000
Northwest (Jackson) 35.77a (30.93 - 40.91) 26.67 (22.31 - 31.53) 0.004
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 41.55a (36.36 - 46.94) 26.38 (21.98 - 31.31) 0.000
Southeast 44.14a (38.70 - 49.73) 32.27 (27.57 - 37.35) 0.001
Southwest 42.02a (37.14 - 47.07) 27.77 (23.59 - 32.37) 0.000
Montana 35.56a (32.91 - 38.30) 23.75 (21.39 - 26.27) 0.000
Region 1 44.69a (38.84 - 50.68) 25.31 (20.72 - 30.53) 0.000
Region 2 37.78a (32.96 - 42.86) 25.09 (21.19 - 29.44) 0.000
Region 3 36.30a (31.70 - 41.16) 27.00 (23.31 - 31.04) 0.001
Region 4 33.66a (29.69 - 37.88) 23.47 (19.81 - 27.58) 0.000
Region 5 32.95a (28.75 - 37.44) 20.78 (17.52 - 24.47) 0.000
Nebraska 40.49a (37.81 - 43.24) 26.82 (24.44 - 29.35) 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 46.41a (40.64 - 52.28) 29.26 (24.98 - 33.94) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 29.21 (24.06 - 34.96) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 29.30 (23.97 - 35.27) --
Region 3 44.08a (38.78 - 49.52) 35.13 (30.39 - 40.17) 0.008
Region 4 45.75a (40.51 - 51.07) 29.24 (24.45 - 34.54) 0.000
Region 5 38.59a (34.22 - 43.15) 25.58 (22.18 - 29.31) 0.000
Region 6 37.08a (33.38 - 40.94) 23.88 (20.69 - 27.39) 0.000
Nevada1 34.70a (31.91 - 37.60) 27.33 (24.78 - 30.04) 0.000
Clark – Region 1 34.39a (31.13 - 37.80) 27.83 (24.93 - 30.94) 0.002
Region 3 38.19a (33.06 - 43.60) 28.44 (24.15 - 33.16) 0.002
Capital District -- (-- - --) 27.39 (21.98 - 33.55) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 29.40 (24.19 - 35.21) --
Washoe – Region 2 33.05a (28.66 - 37.75) 24.15 (20.33 - 28.44) 0.001
New Hampshire 28.06a (25.46 - 30.81) 17.29 (15.47 - 19.28) 0.000
Central 29.30a (25.58 - 33.33) 16.97 (14.52 - 19.73) 0.000
Central 1 27.47a (22.96 - 32.50) 17.66 (14.54 - 21.29) 0.000
Central 2 31.07a (26.12 - 36.49) 16.29 (13.31 - 19.78) 0.000
Northern 26.93a (22.45 - 31.93) 17.26 (13.78 - 21.42) 0.000
Southern 27.71a (24.68 - 30.96) 17.45 (15.32 - 19.81) 0.000
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 26.04a (21.89 - 30.67) 17.73 (14.79 - 21.10) 0.001
Southern 2 28.72a (25.11 - 32.63) 17.28 (14.70 - 20.21) 0.000
New Jersey 40.84a (37.97 - 43.77) 30.72 (28.27 - 33.28) 0.000
Central 35.88a (31.41 - 40.61) 27.88 (24.05 - 32.05) 0.004
Metropolitan 42.91a (38.08 - 47.87) 32.52 (28.73 - 36.55) 0.000
Northern 42.86a (38.34 - 47.49) 32.28 (28.45 - 36.37) 0.000
Southern 40.71a (35.70 - 45.93) 29.36 (25.46 - 33.59) 0.000
New Mexico 39.28a (36.40 - 42.23) 27.36 (25.01 - 29.85) 0.000
Region 1 39.12a (34.40 - 44.05) 26.45 (22.79 - 30.46) 0.000
Region 2 38.90a (33.79 - 44.28) 30.41 (25.78 - 35.48) 0.009
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 34.49a (30.38 - 38.84) 24.00 (20.60 - 27.77) 0.000
Region 4 45.22a (39.77 - 50.78) 30.55 (26.32 - 35.12) 0.000
Region 5 43.24a (38.33 - 48.28) 29.63 (25.76 - 33.82) 0.000
New York 36.68a (35.16 - 38.23) 27.87 (26.54 - 29.24) 0.000
Region A 39.23a (37.06 - 41.45) 31.05 (29.14 - 33.03) 0.000
Region 1 45.12a (40.47 - 49.85) 37.25 (33.55 - 41.11) 0.005
Region 2 38.09a (34.76 - 41.54) 31.23 (28.06 - 34.58) 0.003
Region 3 31.50a (27.54 - 35.75) 23.53 (20.31 - 27.10) 0.001
Region 4 42.81a (38.85 - 46.87) 32.72 (29.14 - 36.51) 0.000
Region B -- (-- - --) 26.81 (24.73 - 28.99) --
Region 5 33.48a (30.29 - 36.83) 26.50 (23.71 - 29.48) 0.001
Region 6 32.53 (28.59 - 36.73) 28.29 (24.67 - 32.20) 0.105
Region 7 36.28a (31.47 - 41.38) 25.50 (21.72 - 29.70) 0.000
Region C -- (-- - --) 24.13 (22.34 - 26.01) --
Region 8 30.26a (25.91 - 35.01) 22.74 (19.55 - 26.27) 0.003
Region 9 37.86a (33.44 - 42.49) 24.28 (21.14 - 27.73) 0.000
Region 10 33.77a (29.05 - 38.84) 21.83 (18.09 - 26.11) 0.000
Region 11 34.75a (30.72 - 39.00) 24.71 (21.44 - 28.29) 0.000
Region 12 35.78a (31.73 - 40.03) 25.59 (22.43 - 29.03) 0.000
Region D 38.72a (35.57 - 41.98) 25.41 (22.86 - 28.13) 0.000
Region 13 40.72a (35.48 - 46.18) 25.53 (21.64 - 29.85) 0.000
Region 14 37.22a (32.15 - 42.59) 24.60 (20.55 - 29.15) 0.000
Region 15 38.41a (33.73 - 43.32) 26.10 (22.31 - 30.28) 0.000
North Carolina 43.07a (40.31 - 45.88) 30.46 (28.08 - 32.95) 0.000
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 30.03 (25.75 - 34.69) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 23.83 (19.78 - 28.41) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 30.23 (25.23 - 35.74) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 31.06 (26.50 - 36.01) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 28.35 (23.78 - 33.41) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 33.73 (28.60 - 39.27) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 37.38 (32.12 - 42.97) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 32.02 (27.33 - 37.10) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 33.09 (27.69 - 38.97) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 26.80 (22.33 - 31.78) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 32.58 (27.29 - 38.35) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 30.86 (25.81 - 36.41) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 30.03 (25.17 - 35.38) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 28.55 (23.67 - 33.99) --
North Dakota 39.18a (36.47 - 41.95) 27.72 (25.43 - 30.13) 0.000
Badlands and West Central 40.21a (35.66 - 44.93) 29.25 (25.65 - 33.12) 0.000
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 35.32 (30.27 - 40.72) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 27.92 (23.83 - 32.41) --
Northeast 35.31a (30.62 - 40.29) 25.84 (21.92 - 30.19) 0.001
Northwest -- (-- - --) 26.48 (21.77 - 31.79) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 31.14 (26.21 - 36.54) --
Southeast 35.35a (31.29 - 39.62) 24.68 (21.38 - 28.31) 0.000
Ohio 39.14a (37.72 - 40.58) 25.14 (23.84 - 26.48) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 40.94a (36.68 - 45.34) 29.03 (24.90 - 33.54) 0.000
Boards 3, 52, and 85 41.14a (36.65 - 45.78) 27.00 (22.98 - 31.42) 0.000
Boards 4 and 78 43.15a (37.92 - 48.55) 27.15 (22.96 - 31.79) 0.000
Boards 5 and 60 40.74a (36.18 - 45.46) 23.42 (19.79 - 27.49) 0.000
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 45.96a (41.21 - 50.78) 30.01 (25.91 - 34.45) 0.000
Boards 8, 13, and 83 35.82a (31.40 - 40.50) 25.30 (21.62 - 29.37) 0.000
Board 9 (Butler) 37.73a (33.04 - 42.66) 21.71 (18.04 - 25.89) 0.000
Board 12 39.72a (34.92 - 44.73) 24.51 (20.42 - 29.11) 0.000
Boards 18 and 47 35.98a (32.73 - 39.36) 26.55 (23.74 - 29.56) 0.000
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 43.75a (38.76 - 48.86) 28.08 (24.15 - 32.38) 0.000
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 37.93a (33.31 - 42.79) 26.58 (22.96 - 30.55) 0.000
Boards 22, 74, and 87 41.60a (36.68 - 46.69) 22.69 (19.11 - 26.72) 0.000
Boards 23 and 45 38.58a (33.85 - 43.54) 25.86 (22.07 - 30.06) 0.000
Board 25 (Franklin) 37.23a (33.80 - 40.79) 20.46 (17.79 - 23.42) 0.000
Boards 27, 71, and 73 46.12a (41.44 - 50.87) 28.48 (24.46 - 32.86) 0.000
Boards 28, 43, and 67 39.29a (34.83 - 43.94) 23.40 (19.77 - 27.46) 0.000
Board 31 (Hamilton) 37.47a (33.43 - 41.69) 20.46 (17.38 - 23.93) 0.000
Board 48 (Lucas) 37.88a (33.57 - 42.40) 25.29 (21.55 - 29.44) 0.000
Boards 50 and 76 41.05a (36.62 - 45.63) 29.65 (25.76 - 33.86) 0.000
Board 57 (Montgomery) 36.30a (31.87 - 40.97) 24.82 (21.21 - 28.83) 0.000
Board 77 (Summit) 38.00a (33.57 - 42.64) 22.88 (19.27 - 26.95) 0.000
Oklahoma 43.60a (40.78 - 46.47) 29.19 (26.75 - 31.75) 0.000
Central 41.73a (36.28 - 47.38) 24.80 (20.78 - 29.31) 0.000
East Central 44.65a (39.00 - 50.45) 30.55 (26.04 - 35.46) 0.000
Northeast 41.50a (36.46 - 46.72) 29.17 (24.78 - 33.97) 0.000
Northwest and Southwest 48.79a (43.36 - 54.25) 29.43 (24.75 - 34.59) 0.000
Oklahoma County 42.59a (37.76 - 47.58) 29.92 (25.84 - 34.33) 0.000
Southeast 46.31a (40.89 - 51.82) 33.15 (28.72 - 37.90) 0.000
Tulsa County 39.78a (34.95 - 44.82) 27.23 (23.14 - 31.75) 0.000
Oregon 31.11a (28.48 - 33.87) 18.29 (16.26 - 20.52) 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 26.75a (22.81 - 31.09) 15.81 (12.95 - 19.17) 0.000
Region 2 28.63a (24.74 - 32.87) 18.77 (15.65 - 22.34) 0.000
Region 3 31.88a (28.00 - 36.02) 18.69 (15.83 - 21.93) 0.000
Region 4 35.18a (30.13 - 40.59) 18.27 (14.75 - 22.40) 0.000
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 19.76 (15.66 - 24.63) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 21.24 (17.00 - 26.19) --
Pennsylvania1 40.62a (39.19 - 42.06) 28.10 (26.72 - 29.52) 0.000
Region 1 (Allegheny) 39.27a (35.62 - 43.05) 24.86 (21.86 - 28.13) 0.000
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 29.31 (25.48 - 33.44) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 39.48a (35.34 - 43.78) 31.58 (27.90 - 35.50) 0.004
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 43.85a (39.46 - 48.34) 32.36 (28.58 - 36.39) 0.000
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 28.96 (25.34 - 32.88) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 35.90a (32.94 - 38.97) 23.81 (21.23 - 26.60) 0.000
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 31.45 (27.26 - 35.97) --
Regions 17 and 21 38.98a (33.84 - 44.38) 28.58 (24.51 - 33.04) 0.001
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 41.85a (38.30 - 45.49) 29.17 (26.20 - 32.33) 0.000
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 42.67a (38.44 - 47.00) 30.57 (26.66 - 34.78) 0.000
Regions 29 and 34 42.09a (37.40 - 46.93) 27.65 (23.72 - 31.97) 0.000
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 32.14 (28.11 - 36.45) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 40.16a (36.72 - 43.69) 27.54 (24.44 - 30.87) 0.000
Rhode Island 33.79a (30.92 - 36.79) 21.18 (18.93 - 23.62) 0.000
Bristol and Newport 27.53a (22.70 - 32.96) 19.32 (15.61 - 23.67) 0.004
Kent 33.87a (28.76 - 39.39) 19.60 (15.97 - 23.83) 0.000
Providence 36.15a (32.52 - 39.94) 23.00 (20.20 - 26.06) 0.000
Washington 28.92a (24.10 - 34.27) 16.35 (13.10 - 20.22) 0.000
South Carolina 44.53a (41.77 - 47.33) 31.36 (28.96 - 33.85) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 31.88 (28.13 - 35.87) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 29.28 (25.48 - 33.38) --
Region 3 46.30a (41.22 - 51.46) 30.58 (26.38 - 35.13) 0.000
Region 4 44.00a (39.30 - 48.82) 33.16 (29.36 - 37.19) 0.000
South Dakota 38.19a (35.60 - 40.85) 28.24 (25.95 - 30.66) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 26.74 (23.14 - 30.67) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 30.89 (26.20 - 36.00) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 29.85 (26.05 - 33.94) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 28.11 (23.71 - 32.97) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 27.42 (24.08 - 31.03) --
Tennessee 41.12a (38.55 - 43.74) 32.71 (30.24 - 35.27) 0.000
Region 1 44.35a (38.44 - 50.42) 33.50 (28.27 - 39.17) 0.003
Region 2 39.50a (34.73 - 44.47) 31.86 (27.73 - 36.29) 0.014
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 33.31 (28.85 - 38.09) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 34.95b (30.03 - 40.21) 30.00 (25.41 - 35.02) 0.097
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 31.74 (27.85 - 35.91) --
Region 6 47.30a (41.75 - 52.91) 36.83 (31.86 - 42.10) 0.002
Region 7 (Shelby) 40.64a (35.82 - 45.65) 33.42 (28.85 - 38.32) 0.016
Texas 45.07a (43.77 - 46.37) 35.56 (34.26 - 36.88) 0.000
Region 1 45.94a (41.21 - 50.75) 33.96 (30.04 - 38.11) 0.000
Region 2 48.17a (42.80 - 53.60) 35.15 (30.32 - 40.30) 0.000
Region 3 41.90a (39.77 - 44.07) 33.19 (31.18 - 35.26) 0.000
Region 3a 41.59a (38.97 - 44.25) 34.49 (31.91 - 37.16) 0.000
Region 3bc 42.45a (38.97 - 46.00) 30.91 (28.01 - 33.97) 0.000
Region 4 46.81a (42.18 - 51.50) 37.02 (32.97 - 41.27) 0.001
Region 5 45.30a (40.34 - 50.35) 37.17 (32.54 - 42.06) 0.009
Region 6 45.06a (42.64 - 47.49) 34.40 (32.01 - 36.87) 0.000
Region 6a 45.24a (42.60 - 47.90) 34.71 (32.13 - 37.39) 0.000
Region 6bc 43.56a (38.87 - 48.37) 31.74 (27.26 - 36.58) 0.000
Region 7 36.62a (33.87 - 39.45) 29.46 (26.92 - 32.14) 0.000
Region 7a 33.60a (30.02 - 37.37) 28.77 (25.60 - 32.15) 0.037
Region 7bcd 41.11a (37.17 - 45.18) 30.66 (27.08 - 34.50) 0.000
Region 8 47.14a (43.66 - 50.65) 38.26 (35.07 - 41.57) 0.000
Region 9 48.95a (44.04 - 53.88) 37.32 (32.74 - 42.14) 0.000
Region 10 53.71a (48.75 - 58.60) 44.77 (40.59 - 49.02) 0.002
Region 11 57.42a (54.11 - 60.66) 47.71 (44.56 - 50.88) 0.000
Region 11abd 57.39a (53.18 - 61.49) 47.16 (43.08 - 51.27) 0.000
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 57.48a (52.77 - 62.05) 48.66 (44.27 - 53.07) 0.002
Utah 43.47a (40.95 - 46.03) 32.76 (30.45 - 35.15) 0.000
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 44.36a (39.61 - 49.21) 32.53 (28.13 - 37.27) 0.000
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 44.41a (39.09 - 49.87) 34.65 (29.88 - 39.76) 0.002
Davis County 43.05a (38.23 - 48.02) 30.47 (25.98 - 35.37) 0.000
Salt Lake County 41.83a (38.26 - 45.48) 32.06 (28.88 - 35.41) 0.000
Utah County 44.95a (40.83 - 49.14) 34.53 (30.48 - 38.82) 0.000
Weber, Morgan 46.14a (40.80 - 51.57) 32.58 (27.70 - 37.86) 0.000
Vermont 27.19a (24.67 - 29.86) 19.70 (17.56 - 22.03) 0.000
Champlain Valley 24.45a (21.13 - 28.10) 18.37 (15.70 - 21.38) 0.005
Rural Northeast 29.18a (25.28 - 33.41) 20.18 (16.67 - 24.22) 0.001
Rural Southeast 28.65a (24.32 - 33.42) 18.30 (15.09 - 22.02) 0.000
Rural Southwest 28.84 (24.16 - 34.01) 24.22 (20.28 - 28.65) 0.127
Virginia 41.23a (38.58 - 43.94) 25.44 (23.15 - 27.88) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 26.31 (22.43 - 30.59) --
Region 2 36.66a (32.42 - 41.13) 26.61 (23.20 - 30.32) 0.000
Region 3 43.53a (38.63 - 48.57) 26.73 (22.78 - 31.09) 0.000
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 24.00 (20.17 - 28.30) --
Region 5 42.03a (37.64 - 46.54) 23.50 (20.09 - 27.29) 0.000
Washington1 26.12a (23.71 - 28.69) 18.79 (16.83 - 20.91) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 21.90 (18.78 - 25.38) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 24.03 (20.09 - 28.46) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 18.81 (15.18 - 23.08) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 17.48 (15.17 - 20.05) --
King 21.29b (18.05 - 24.94) 17.54 (14.78 - 20.70) 0.078
North Sound 26.17a (22.09 - 30.72) 17.36 (14.35 - 20.85) 0.000
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 18.55 (16.17 - 21.20) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 17.21 (13.53 - 21.65) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 18.63 (15.37 - 22.40) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 19.13 (15.64 - 23.19) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 18.60 (14.75 - 23.17) --
West Virginia1 45.98a (43.20 - 48.78) 33.51 (31.09 - 36.01) 0.000
Region I 44.89a (39.07 - 50.87) 32.27 (27.06 - 37.96) 0.001
Region II -- (-- - --) 31.07 (26.61 - 35.91) --
Region III 46.70a (40.86 - 52.62) 35.95 (30.52 - 41.76) 0.005
Region IV -- (-- - --) 31.03 (27.15 - 35.19) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 33.78 (30.05 - 37.73) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 37.26 (33.11 - 41.61) --
Wisconsin 33.39a (30.97 - 35.91) 25.32 (22.95 - 27.85) 0.000
Milwaukee 34.85a (30.31 - 39.70) 24.63 (20.60 - 29.16) 0.000
Northeastern 33.48a (29.37 - 37.85) 24.82 (21.14 - 28.91) 0.001
Northern 38.02a (32.54 - 43.82) 24.43 (20.08 - 29.38) 0.000
Southeastern 30.81 (26.39 - 35.61) 28.05 (24.05 - 32.43) 0.352
Southern -- (-- - --) 23.22 (19.45 - 27.46) --
Western -- (-- - --) 26.46 (22.22 - 31.18) --
Wyoming 37.35a (34.83 - 39.94) 27.53 (25.34 - 29.83) 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 35.93a (31.50 - 40.62) 27.21 (23.36 - 31.43) 0.002
Judicial District 2 31.42a (27.11 - 36.07) 22.69 (19.01 - 26.84) 0.001
Judicial District 3 38.12a (33.49 - 42.97) 31.40 (27.34 - 35.76) 0.020
Judicial District 4 38.40a (32.87 - 44.26) 25.66 (21.12 - 30.80) 0.000
Judicial District 5 43.31a (37.72 - 49.08) 30.46 (25.44 - 35.99) 0.000
Judicial District 6 40.13a (34.90 - 45.60) 27.97 (23.82 - 32.54) 0.000
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 36.25a (31.35 - 41.46) 23.68 (19.82 - 28.03) 0.000
Judicial District 8 41.73a (36.14 - 47.54) 31.81 (27.00 - 37.04) 0.005
Judicial District 9 34.25a (29.11 - 39.78) 27.50 (23.20 - 32.26) 0.029
160414
Table 5 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 3.64a (3.51 - 3.78) 3.34 (3.21 - 3.46) 0.001
Northeast 3.34 (3.13 - 3.57) 3.15 (2.91 - 3.41) 0.210
Midwest 3.41a (3.22 - 3.60) 3.07 (2.89 - 3.27) 0.007
South 3.75a (3.57 - 3.94) 3.25 (3.07 - 3.44) 0.000
West 3.96 (3.69 - 4.24) 3.85 (3.57 - 4.15) 0.561
Alabama 3.82 (3.19 - 4.56) 3.80 (3.04 - 4.74) 0.970
Region 1 3.52 (2.68 - 4.62) 3.37 (2.41 - 4.69) 0.777
Region 2 4.12 (3.20 - 5.29) 4.35 (3.24 - 5.82) 0.722
Region 3 3.85 (2.92 - 5.06) 3.54 (2.56 - 4.88) 0.611
Region 4 3.73 (2.85 - 4.86) 3.77 (2.69 - 5.26) 0.949
Alaska 4.01 (3.34 - 4.81) 3.35 (2.66 - 4.21) 0.151
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.81 - 4.98) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 2.89 (2.00 - 4.16) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 3.28 (2.34 - 4.58) --
Southeast 3.48 (2.59 - 4.65) 2.92 (1.99 - 4.27) 0.299
Arizona 4.41 (3.69 - 5.27) 4.25 (3.39 - 5.31) 0.750
Maricopa 4.42 (3.57 - 5.46) 4.54 (3.51 - 5.87) 0.843
Pima 4.65 (3.48 - 6.19) 4.23 (2.94 - 6.05) 0.587
Rural North 4.38 (3.23 - 5.91) 3.94 (2.70 - 5.73) 0.550
Rural South 4.07 (3.00 - 5.49) 3.22 (2.19 - 4.69) 0.159
Arkansas1 3.87 (3.26 - 4.59) 3.82 (3.07 - 4.74) 0.904
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 3.72 (2.65 - 5.21) --
Catchment Area 2 3.71 (2.73 - 5.04) 3.62 (2.51 - 5.18) 0.877
Catchment Area 3 4.27 (3.22 - 5.65) 3.91 (2.77 - 5.48) 0.591
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 3.66 (2.53 - 5.27) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 4.29 (3.06 - 5.98) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 3.65 (2.48 - 5.33) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 3.77 (2.58 - 5.49) --
Catchment Area 8 4.09 (3.09 - 5.41) 3.76 (2.63 - 5.35) 0.622
California 3.80 (3.41 - 4.25) 3.93 (3.49 - 4.42) 0.666
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 4.51 (3.21 - 6.30) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.52 - 6.40) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 3.80 (2.78 - 5.18) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 4.08 (3.05 - 5.45) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 5.40 (3.71 - 7.80) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.10 (2.37 - 4.05) 3.24 (2.35 - 4.46) 0.781
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 3.37 (2.41 - 4.68) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 4.14 (3.05 - 5.61) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 3.78 (2.67 - 5.33) --
Region 10 4.07 (3.16 - 5.23) 4.11 (3.01 - 5.58) 0.955
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.78 (3.13 - 4.56) 4.02 (3.44 - 4.69) 0.582
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 4.27 (3.07 - 5.90) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 4.21 (3.15 - 5.61) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 3.29 (2.40 - 4.51) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 4.51 (3.24 - 6.24) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 4.06 (2.89 - 5.67) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 4.32 (3.17 - 5.86) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.75 - 5.09) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 3.65 (2.57 - 5.15) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 3.46 (2.58 - 4.63) --
Region 14 (Orange) 3.33 (2.61 - 4.24) 3.52 (2.71 - 4.56) 0.688
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 3.90 (2.83 - 5.34) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 4.04 (3.08 - 5.28) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 4.01 (2.98 - 5.38) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 3.76 (2.82 - 5.00) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 4.12 (3.02 - 5.58) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 4.10 (2.94 - 5.70) --
Colorado 4.61 (3.87 - 5.48) 4.11 (3.32 - 5.09) 0.323
Region 1 4.53 (3.44 - 5.93) 4.43 (3.12 - 6.26) 0.892
Regions 2 and 7 4.73 (3.81 - 5.87) 4.35 (3.35 - 5.61) 0.547
Region 3 4.57b (3.41 - 6.10) 3.30 (2.28 - 4.75) 0.053
Region 4 4.35 (3.12 - 6.02) 3.44 (2.26 - 5.20) 0.211
Regions 5 and 6 4.29 (3.15 - 5.81) 3.97 (2.77 - 5.66) 0.654
Connecticut 3.33 (2.79 - 3.97) 2.92 (2.30 - 3.69) 0.252
Eastern 3.94 (3.01 - 5.15) 3.06 (2.16 - 4.31) 0.101
North Central 3.24 (2.44 - 4.31) 3.03 (2.19 - 4.18) 0.681
Northwestern 3.33 (2.54 - 4.36) 2.59 (1.80 - 3.70) 0.118
South Central 3.39 (2.60 - 4.41) 3.04 (2.14 - 4.30) 0.494
Southwest 2.98 (2.23 - 3.99) 2.81 (1.94 - 4.07) 0.721
Delaware 3.91 (3.33 - 4.60) 3.56 (2.87 - 4.42) 0.409
Kent 4.25b (3.21 - 5.60) 3.26 (2.34 - 4.52) 0.099
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.99 (3.29 - 4.83) 4.05 (3.16 - 5.19) 0.907
Sussex 3.56 (2.66 - 4.74) 2.80 (1.92 - 4.06) 0.176
Wilmington City 3.73 (2.73 - 5.06) 3.22 (2.16 - 4.79) 0.419
District of Columbia 3.73a (3.06 - 4.54) 5.33 (4.30 - 6.60) 0.004
Ward 1 4.34 (3.10 - 6.05) 5.63 (3.89 - 8.10) 0.182
Ward 2 4.88 (3.61 - 6.56) 6.45 (4.45 - 9.26) 0.136
Ward 3 3.82a (2.80 - 5.19) 5.60 (3.97 - 7.85) 0.033
Ward 4 2.86a (1.98 - 4.11) 4.55 (3.07 - 6.70) 0.025
Ward 5 3.43a (2.42 - 4.82) 5.34 (3.77 - 7.51) 0.019
Ward 6 3.53 (2.49 - 5.00) 4.73 (3.23 - 6.89) 0.153
Ward 7 3.32a (2.35 - 4.67) 5.04 (3.41 - 7.39) 0.040
Ward 8 3.48a (2.52 - 4.80) 5.25 (3.67 - 7.44) 0.028
Florida1 3.68a (3.28 - 4.13) 3.05 (2.67 - 3.47) 0.019
Broward (Circuit 17) 3.74b (2.92 - 4.77) 2.87 (2.14 - 3.83) 0.073
Central I -- (-- - --) 3.12 (2.50 - 3.88) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 3.03 (2.28 - 4.03) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 3.24 (2.40 - 4.36) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 3.00 (2.51 - 3.59) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 2.96 (2.20 - 3.97) --
Circuit 10 3.60 (2.76 - 4.67) 3.26 (2.38 - 4.46) 0.521
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 2.63 (1.87 - 3.68) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 3.09 (2.30 - 4.14) --
Circuit 20 3.15 (2.37 - 4.17) 3.05 (2.21 - 4.21) 0.840
Northeast -- (-- - --) 3.25 (2.70 - 3.91) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 3.32 (2.46 - 4.46) --
Circuit 5 3.03 (2.22 - 4.12) 2.76 (1.98 - 3.83) 0.584
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 3.08 (2.22 - 4.24) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 4.42 (3.30 - 5.90) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 3.46 (2.77 - 4.31) --
Circuit 1 4.43a (3.41 - 5.74) 3.18 (2.28 - 4.42) 0.029
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 4.10 (3.01 - 5.58) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 3.14 (2.20 - 4.47) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.31 (2.61 - 4.19) 2.62 (1.99 - 3.43) 0.118
Southeast -- (-- - --) 3.13 (2.45 - 4.00) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.40 (2.57 - 4.49) 3.30 (2.44 - 4.45) 0.862
Circuit 19 3.42 (2.53 - 4.62) 2.76 (1.95 - 3.89) 0.212
Georgia 3.81 (3.16 - 4.58) 3.71 (2.98 - 4.60) 0.814
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.21 (2.33 - 4.40) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 4.55 (3.20 - 6.43) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.87 (2.88 - 5.20) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 3.51 (2.39 - 5.13) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 3.91 (2.66 - 5.72) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 3.42 (2.40 - 4.85) --
Hawaii 3.16 (2.55 - 3.91) 3.48 (2.73 - 4.43) 0.508
Hawaii Island 3.32 (2.38 - 4.61) 3.69 (2.46 - 5.49) 0.607
Honolulu 3.12 (2.44 - 3.97) 3.46 (2.63 - 4.54) 0.512
Kauai -- (-- - --) 3.73 (2.49 - 5.54) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 3.25 (2.19 - 4.80) --
Idaho 3.47a (2.89 - 4.17) 2.70 (2.15 - 3.37) 0.031
Region 1 3.44a (2.53 - 4.66) 2.35 (1.58 - 3.48) 0.031
Region 2 3.57a (2.65 - 4.80) 2.55 (1.74 - 3.72) 0.040
Region 3 3.35b (2.50 - 4.47) 2.48 (1.73 - 3.53) 0.071
Region 4 3.69 (2.84 - 4.79) 3.15 (2.33 - 4.25) 0.315
Region 5 3.25 (2.41 - 4.38) 2.51 (1.70 - 3.68) 0.133
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 2.78 (1.89 - 4.09) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 2.56 (1.80 - 3.63) --
Illinois 3.29 (2.92 - 3.70) 3.00 (2.62 - 3.44) 0.283
Region I (Cook) 3.47 (2.90 - 4.15) 2.97 (2.41 - 3.67) 0.226
Region II 3.22 (2.68 - 3.86) 2.80 (2.27 - 3.44) 0.234
Region III 3.01 (2.41 - 3.75) 3.48 (2.70 - 4.47) 0.307
Region IV 3.23 (2.54 - 4.11) 3.01 (2.26 - 3.99) 0.609
Region V 3.07 (2.45 - 3.84) 3.24 (2.44 - 4.30) 0.683
Indiana 3.55 (3.02 - 4.18) 3.46 (2.83 - 4.22) 0.790
Central 3.78 (2.92 - 4.89) 3.61 (2.66 - 4.89) 0.764
East 3.69 (2.78 - 4.88) 3.42 (2.40 - 4.84) 0.625
North Central 3.38 (2.55 - 4.46) 2.95 (2.08 - 4.15) 0.391
Northeast 3.08 (2.29 - 4.13) 3.40 (2.36 - 4.88) 0.556
Northwest 3.20 (2.40 - 4.26) 3.59 (2.50 - 5.11) 0.473
Southeast 3.21 (2.42 - 4.25) 3.52 (2.45 - 5.02) 0.572
Southwest 3.92 (2.91 - 5.25) 3.13 (2.14 - 4.56) 0.174
West 4.00 (3.06 - 5.22) 3.87 (2.78 - 5.35) 0.816
Iowa 2.92 (2.36 - 3.60) 2.57 (2.01 - 3.29) 0.332
Central 2.98 (2.15 - 4.11) 2.36 (1.62 - 3.43) 0.190
North Central 3.10 (2.30 - 4.19) 2.88 (1.96 - 4.21) 0.656
Northeast 2.88 (2.14 - 3.85) 2.49 (1.78 - 3.47) 0.384
Northwest 2.66 (1.94 - 3.64) 2.74 (1.86 - 4.03) 0.869
Southeast 2.97 (2.23 - 3.95) 2.64 (1.82 - 3.81) 0.508
Southwest 3.02 (2.16 - 4.21) 2.40 (1.61 - 3.55) 0.214
Kansas 2.93 (2.40 - 3.58) 2.96 (2.36 - 3.72) 0.927
Kansas City Metro 2.90 (2.22 - 3.78) 3.27 (2.38 - 4.50) 0.440
Northeast 2.88 (2.11 - 3.91) 2.69 (1.90 - 3.80) 0.675
South Central 2.96 (2.16 - 4.06) 2.72 (1.89 - 3.91) 0.613
Southeast 3.03 (2.20 - 4.15) 3.13 (2.11 - 4.63) 0.850
West 2.71 (1.95 - 3.76) 2.66 (1.80 - 3.90) 0.901
Wichita (Sedgwick) 3.15 (2.32 - 4.27) 2.98 (2.07 - 4.26) 0.735
Kentucky 4.47a (3.77 - 5.31) 3.06 (2.44 - 3.82) 0.001
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 4.01a (3.07 - 5.22) 2.86 (2.00 - 4.09) 0.046
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 5.10a (3.96 - 6.56) 3.18 (2.33 - 4.32) 0.003
Communicare and River Valley 4.10a (3.08 - 5.44) 2.66 (1.84 - 3.84) 0.009
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 4.08b (2.97 - 5.60) 2.89 (1.94 - 4.27) 0.054
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 4.60a (3.47 - 6.06) 2.90 (1.94 - 4.30) 0.011
Seven Counties 4.32 (3.31 - 5.61) 3.39 (2.45 - 4.66) 0.145
Louisiana 4.03 (3.45 - 4.70) 3.81 (3.09 - 4.69) 0.620
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 4.11 (3.01 - 5.57) --
Region 1 3.78 (2.82 - 5.05) 4.29 (2.89 - 6.31) 0.479
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.00 (2.98 - 5.34) 3.92 (2.69 - 5.66) 0.904
Regions 2 and 9 4.33 (3.41 - 5.48) 4.19 (3.13 - 5.59) 0.830
Region 3 4.03 (3.07 - 5.28) 3.65 (2.52 - 5.24) 0.537
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 3.58 (2.59 - 4.93) --
Regions 7 and 8 4.04 (3.11 - 5.22) 3.40 (2.45 - 4.71) 0.299
Maine1 3.65a (3.06 - 4.34) 2.88 (2.29 - 3.62) 0.039
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 2.69 (1.92 - 3.75) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 2.61 (1.74 - 3.89) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 2.76 (1.83 - 4.14) --
Central -- (-- - --) 2.70 (1.90 - 3.83) --
Cumberland 3.82 (2.91 - 5.01) 3.14 (2.21 - 4.44) 0.239
Midcoast 3.45 (2.53 - 4.71) 2.65 (1.81 - 3.85) 0.137
Penquis -- (-- - --) 3.16 (2.22 - 4.48) --
Western -- (-- - --) 3.12 (2.20 - 4.40) --
York 3.54a (2.67 - 4.68) 2.51 (1.73 - 3.63) 0.043
Maryland 3.12 (2.56 - 3.80) 3.15 (2.48 - 3.99) 0.945
Anne Arundel 3.23 (2.37 - 4.39) 3.43 (2.35 - 4.99) 0.737
Baltimore City 3.75 (2.68 - 5.23) 3.64 (2.47 - 5.33) 0.864
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 3.18 (2.22 - 4.55) --
Montgomery 2.60 (1.87 - 3.62) 3.03 (2.08 - 4.40) 0.397
North Central -- (-- - --) 2.97 (2.01 - 4.37) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 3.26 (2.20 - 4.81) --
Prince George's 2.73 (1.95 - 3.82) 2.78 (1.93 - 4.01) 0.919
South -- (-- - --) 3.06 (2.09 - 4.46) --
West -- (-- - --) 3.21 (2.19 - 4.70) --
Massachusetts 3.65b (3.08 - 4.31) 2.96 (2.33 - 3.74) 0.073
Boston 4.51 (3.41 - 5.93) 3.49 (2.45 - 4.95) 0.127
Central 3.37 (2.50 - 4.52) 3.11 (2.12 - 4.55) 0.651
Metrowest 3.62 (2.80 - 4.68) 2.93 (2.07 - 4.13) 0.200
Northeast 3.26 (2.49 - 4.27) 2.79 (1.94 - 3.99) 0.350
Southeast 3.61b (2.75 - 4.71) 2.59 (1.76 - 3.79) 0.061
Western 3.78 (2.91 - 4.91) 3.14 (2.22 - 4.42) 0.219
Michigan1 3.55 (3.19 - 3.94) 3.28 (2.86 - 3.76) 0.329
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.15 (2.23 - 4.41) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 2.78 (1.96 - 3.94) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.54 (2.76 - 4.54) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 2.90 (2.15 - 3.91) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.98 - 4.70) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 3.26 (2.45 - 4.33) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 3.34 (2.58 - 4.30) --
Region 8 2.98 (2.35 - 3.76) 2.80 (2.11 - 3.72) 0.685
Region 9 3.19 (2.52 - 4.03) 3.06 (2.27 - 4.12) 0.773
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 3.63 (2.70 - 4.86) --
Minnesota 3.16b (2.62 - 3.80) 2.49 (1.94 - 3.20) 0.051
Regions 1 and 2 3.57b (2.65 - 4.80) 2.61 (1.75 - 3.87) 0.070
Regions 3 and 4 3.03 (2.29 - 4.01) 2.38 (1.62 - 3.47) 0.132
Regions 5 and 6 3.11 (2.36 - 4.09) 2.43 (1.70 - 3.47) 0.124
Region 7A (Hennepin) 3.36b (2.48 - 4.54) 2.46 (1.68 - 3.59) 0.094
Region 7B (Ramsey) 3.23 (2.40 - 4.32) 2.71 (1.84 - 3.99) 0.289
Region 7C 2.82 (2.12 - 3.74) 2.50 (1.80 - 3.48) 0.454
Mississippi 3.37b (2.83 - 4.01) 4.09 (3.29 - 5.08) 0.088
Region 1 3.20a (2.44 - 4.17) 4.81 (3.52 - 6.55) 0.011
Region 2 3.14 (2.35 - 4.19) 3.97 (2.76 - 5.69) 0.169
Region 3 3.26 (2.45 - 4.33) 3.60 (2.53 - 5.11) 0.552
Region 4 3.18 (2.41 - 4.19) 4.02 (2.82 - 5.72) 0.154
Region 5 3.13 (2.29 - 4.27) 3.89 (2.62 - 5.74) 0.221
Region 6 3.74 (2.81 - 4.96) 3.73 (2.60 - 5.33) 0.987
Region 7 3.98 (2.97 - 5.33) 3.97 (2.78 - 5.63) 0.984
Missouri 3.91a (3.32 - 4.61) 2.80 (2.23 - 3.52) 0.002
Central 4.47a (3.43 - 5.80) 2.91 (2.06 - 4.08) 0.005
Eastern 3.65a (2.93 - 4.56) 2.69 (2.03 - 3.55) 0.018
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 3.46b (2.64 - 4.53) 2.60 (1.86 - 3.63) 0.062
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 4.04a (3.04 - 5.35) 2.84 (1.98 - 4.06) 0.022
Northwest 4.17a (3.30 - 5.24) 2.89 (2.11 - 3.95) 0.013
Northwest (Jackson) 4.52a (3.34 - 6.09) 2.94 (2.00 - 4.32) 0.017
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 3.85b (2.90 - 5.09) 2.85 (1.95 - 4.14) 0.076
Southeast 3.80b (2.89 - 4.97) 2.89 (1.98 - 4.19) 0.096
Southwest 3.70b (2.81 - 4.86) 2.77 (1.94 - 3.96) 0.077
Montana 3.76a (3.16 - 4.48) 2.41 (1.90 - 3.05) 0.000
Region 1 3.32a (2.49 - 4.43) 2.18 (1.46 - 3.23) 0.017
Region 2 4.03a (3.03 - 5.35) 2.56 (1.77 - 3.70) 0.007
Region 3 3.74a (2.83 - 4.93) 2.18 (1.52 - 3.11) 0.002
Region 4 3.63a (2.81 - 4.69) 2.50 (1.80 - 3.47) 0.022
Region 5 3.88a (3.02 - 4.99) 2.46 (1.79 - 3.39) 0.003
Nebraska 3.22a (2.71 - 3.84) 2.28 (1.76 - 2.96) 0.008
Regions 1 and 2 2.91 (2.13 - 3.95) 2.33 (1.63 - 3.31) 0.178
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 2.27 (1.50 - 3.41) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 2.38 (1.55 - 3.64) --
Region 3 3.37a (2.51 - 4.49) 2.29 (1.56 - 3.35) 0.025
Region 4 3.06b (2.31 - 4.05) 2.19 (1.44 - 3.30) 0.064
Region 5 3.36a (2.62 - 4.30) 2.39 (1.67 - 3.40) 0.037
Region 6 3.23a (2.53 - 4.12) 2.23 (1.60 - 3.11) 0.025
Nevada1 4.31 (3.41 - 5.42) 3.78 (2.96 - 4.81) 0.362
Clark – Region 1 4.42 (3.35 - 5.81) 3.79 (2.88 - 4.98) 0.355
Region 3 3.67 (2.66 - 5.03) 3.43 (2.44 - 4.80) 0.691
Capital District -- (-- - --) 3.40 (2.23 - 5.17) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 3.45 (2.33 - 5.10) --
Washoe – Region 2 4.36 (3.28 - 5.78) 3.99 (2.84 - 5.59) 0.596
New Hampshire 3.94 (3.35 - 4.63) 3.53 (2.87 - 4.35) 0.327
Central 4.05 (3.29 - 4.97) 3.31 (2.55 - 4.28) 0.111
Central 1 4.14 (3.24 - 5.28) 3.31 (2.39 - 4.57) 0.136
Central 2 3.96 (3.02 - 5.19) 3.31 (2.39 - 4.55) 0.247
Northern 3.77 (2.87 - 4.95) 3.63 (2.59 - 5.06) 0.807
Southern 3.92 (3.23 - 4.76) 3.62 (2.83 - 4.62) 0.538
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 3.72 (2.84 - 4.87) 3.38 (2.48 - 4.60) 0.535
Southern 2 4.04 (3.21 - 5.07) 3.77 (2.81 - 5.04) 0.639
New Jersey 3.24 (2.70 - 3.89) 2.84 (2.23 - 3.61) 0.281
Central 3.17 (2.41 - 4.17) 3.10 (2.25 - 4.27) 0.889
Metropolitan 3.37 (2.58 - 4.40) 2.80 (1.98 - 3.94) 0.259
Northern 3.14 (2.42 - 4.07) 2.56 (1.81 - 3.62) 0.221
Southern 3.32 (2.51 - 4.39) 3.04 (2.18 - 4.22) 0.570
New Mexico 4.66a (3.85 - 5.63) 3.58 (2.81 - 4.55) 0.047
Region 1 4.31 (3.26 - 5.70) 3.51 (2.48 - 4.94) 0.220
Region 2 4.53 (3.37 - 6.07) 3.52 (2.36 - 5.22) 0.194
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 4.87 (3.75 - 6.31) 3.79 (2.72 - 5.26) 0.141
Region 4 4.60 (3.43 - 6.14) 3.67 (2.56 - 5.24) 0.203
Region 5 4.81a (3.67 - 6.28) 3.29 (2.32 - 4.64) 0.023
New York 3.15 (2.81 - 3.53) 3.35 (2.92 - 3.85) 0.434
Region A 3.13 (2.68 - 3.65) 3.51 (2.93 - 4.21) 0.265
Region 1 3.33 (2.54 - 4.37) 2.87 (2.05 - 4.01) 0.362
Region 2 3.02 (2.37 - 3.84) 3.77 (2.87 - 4.94) 0.134
Region 3 4.04 (3.12 - 5.23) 5.14 (3.76 - 7.00) 0.151
Region 4 2.50 (1.89 - 3.29) 2.34 (1.67 - 3.28) 0.704
Region B -- (-- - --) 3.03 (2.48 - 3.69) --
Region 5 2.97 (2.35 - 3.75) 3.18 (2.43 - 4.14) 0.640
Region 6 2.60 (2.02 - 3.34) 2.63 (1.90 - 3.63) 0.935
Region 7 3.11 (2.38 - 4.06) 3.16 (2.25 - 4.41) 0.926
Region C -- (-- - --) 3.45 (2.92 - 4.06) --
Region 8 3.24 (2.55 - 4.10) 3.41 (2.52 - 4.59) 0.718
Region 9 3.32 (2.62 - 4.22) 3.29 (2.43 - 4.45) 0.949
Region 10 3.61 (2.83 - 4.58) 3.41 (2.45 - 4.72) 0.697
Region 11 3.49 (2.75 - 4.41) 3.62 (2.72 - 4.80) 0.786
Region 12 3.26 (2.59 - 4.10) 3.47 (2.62 - 4.57) 0.648
Region D 3.44 (2.89 - 4.08) 3.26 (2.60 - 4.08) 0.629
Region 13 3.27 (2.51 - 4.26) 3.12 (2.24 - 4.33) 0.745
Region 14 3.39 (2.61 - 4.38) 3.26 (2.28 - 4.65) 0.817
Region 15 3.63 (2.81 - 4.67) 3.39 (2.47 - 4.64) 0.634
North Carolina 3.79 (3.17 - 4.52) 3.20 (2.58 - 3.97) 0.141
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 3.69 (2.56 - 5.28) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 3.02 (2.08 - 4.38) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 2.86 (1.97 - 4.14) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 3.05 (2.14 - 4.31) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 3.54 (2.46 - 5.07) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 3.05 (2.09 - 4.42) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 2.84 (1.93 - 4.17) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 3.41 (2.34 - 4.95) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 2.91 (1.95 - 4.32) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 3.51 (2.43 - 5.06) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 3.29 (2.23 - 4.83) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 2.87 (1.93 - 4.26) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 3.19 (2.17 - 4.65) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 3.48 (2.40 - 5.02) --
North Dakota 3.12 (2.56 - 3.81) 2.67 (2.13 - 3.35) 0.193
Badlands and West Central 2.66 (1.95 - 3.61) 2.42 (1.74 - 3.38) 0.583
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 2.25 (1.49 - 3.38) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 2.61 (1.79 - 3.79) --
Northeast 3.45 (2.59 - 4.59) 3.21 (2.25 - 4.56) 0.660
Northwest -- (-- - --) 2.73 (1.81 - 4.11) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 2.60 (1.73 - 3.90) --
Southeast 3.40 (2.60 - 4.44) 2.79 (2.02 - 3.84) 0.210
Ohio 3.35 (2.99 - 3.76) 3.50 (3.11 - 3.94) 0.567
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 3.15 (2.45 - 4.06) 3.24 (2.34 - 4.48) 0.852
Boards 3, 52, and 85 2.96b (2.27 - 3.85) 3.88 (2.81 - 5.35) 0.072
Boards 4 and 78 3.30 (2.50 - 4.35) 3.51 (2.53 - 4.83) 0.692
Boards 5 and 60 3.91 (3.02 - 5.06) 4.16 (3.10 - 5.58) 0.655
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 3.21 (2.48 - 4.16) 3.53 (2.55 - 4.87) 0.539
Boards 8, 13, and 83 3.43 (2.65 - 4.43) 3.25 (2.37 - 4.44) 0.716
Board 9 (Butler) 3.32 (2.59 - 4.26) 3.66 (2.64 - 5.06) 0.510
Board 12 3.42 (2.65 - 4.40) 3.55 (2.56 - 4.91) 0.803
Boards 18 and 47 3.34 (2.65 - 4.20) 2.93 (2.26 - 3.78) 0.352
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 3.07 (2.34 - 4.02) 2.82 (1.99 - 3.98) 0.587
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 3.01 (2.32 - 3.89) 3.23 (2.39 - 4.35) 0.637
Boards 22, 74, and 87 2.93 (2.19 - 3.91) 3.06 (2.22 - 4.20) 0.780
Boards 23 and 45 3.26 (2.50 - 4.25) 3.51 (2.54 - 4.83) 0.629
Board 25 (Franklin) 3.75 (2.99 - 4.69) 4.09 (3.16 - 5.27) 0.531
Boards 27, 71, and 73 3.20 (2.45 - 4.18) 3.78 (2.78 - 5.13) 0.262
Boards 28, 43, and 67 3.31 (2.57 - 4.25) 3.77 (2.78 - 5.09) 0.387
Board 31 (Hamilton) 3.38 (2.64 - 4.32) 3.69 (2.75 - 4.94) 0.537
Board 48 (Lucas) 3.38 (2.60 - 4.37) 3.72 (2.68 - 5.14) 0.526
Boards 50 and 76 3.37 (2.60 - 4.38) 3.62 (2.69 - 4.85) 0.636
Board 57 (Montgomery) 3.77 (2.86 - 4.96) 3.18 (2.34 - 4.32) 0.273
Board 77 (Summit) 3.22 (2.45 - 4.22) 3.77 (2.72 - 5.20) 0.325
Oklahoma 4.26 (3.59 - 5.05) 3.73 (2.99 - 4.63) 0.234
Central 4.40 (3.34 - 5.78) 3.67 (2.55 - 5.25) 0.260
East Central 3.70 (2.74 - 4.99) 3.28 (2.27 - 4.71) 0.470
Northeast 4.00 (3.03 - 5.27) 3.51 (2.46 - 5.00) 0.431
Northwest and Southwest 4.02 (3.04 - 5.29) 4.02 (2.84 - 5.66) 0.998
Oklahoma County 4.30 (3.24 - 5.68) 3.68 (2.62 - 5.13) 0.328
Southeast 4.46 (3.35 - 5.91) 3.45 (2.41 - 4.91) 0.121
Tulsa County 4.76 (3.67 - 6.14) 4.30 (3.04 - 6.05) 0.551
Oregon 3.84 (3.21 - 4.59) 3.94 (3.17 - 4.89) 0.822
Region 1 (Multnomah) 4.56 (3.46 - 5.98) 4.39 (3.05 - 6.30) 0.835
Region 2 3.53 (2.68 - 4.64) 3.55 (2.58 - 4.86) 0.975
Region 3 3.70 (2.87 - 4.76) 4.35 (3.26 - 5.78) 0.276
Region 4 3.89 (2.91 - 5.20) 3.33 (2.29 - 4.81) 0.364
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 3.66 (2.49 - 5.35) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 3.59 (2.39 - 5.36) --
Pennsylvania1 3.34 (2.98 - 3.73) 3.13 (2.75 - 3.58) 0.418
Region 1 (Allegheny) 3.69 (2.90 - 4.68) 4.02 (3.05 - 5.29) 0.563
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 3.25 (2.36 - 4.46) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.20 (2.49 - 4.09) 2.86 (2.11 - 3.86) 0.447
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 3.14 (2.47 - 3.98) 2.58 (1.90 - 3.50) 0.181
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 2.65 (1.91 - 3.66) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.17 (2.57 - 3.90) 2.94 (2.30 - 3.76) 0.571
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 2.64 (1.90 - 3.66) --
Regions 17 and 21 3.47 (2.68 - 4.50) 3.07 (2.19 - 4.28) 0.404
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.68 (2.08 - 3.45) 2.60 (1.96 - 3.44) 0.843
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.99 (2.32 - 3.85) 2.53 (1.85 - 3.46) 0.273
Regions 29 and 34 3.26 (2.51 - 4.23) 3.30 (2.39 - 4.53) 0.945
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 3.02 (2.20 - 4.14) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.21 (3.35 - 5.29) 4.35 (3.30 - 5.71) 0.821
Rhode Island 4.39 (3.68 - 5.22) 4.02 (3.21 - 5.02) 0.455
Bristol and Newport 4.16 (3.10 - 5.56) 3.54 (2.41 - 5.16) 0.333
Kent 4.02 (3.01 - 5.35) 3.12 (2.11 - 4.59) 0.159
Providence 4.48 (3.65 - 5.49) 4.39 (3.39 - 5.65) 0.878
Washington 4.68 (3.57 - 6.11) 3.88 (2.74 - 5.47) 0.209
South Carolina 3.52 (2.94 - 4.20) 3.32 (2.67 - 4.14) 0.626
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.25 (2.37 - 4.44) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 3.28 (2.38 - 4.51) --
Region 3 3.13 (2.31 - 4.22) 3.34 (2.37 - 4.70) 0.686
Region 4 3.58 (2.72 - 4.70) 3.44 (2.50 - 4.71) 0.795
South Dakota 2.99a (2.44 - 3.64) 2.24 (1.74 - 2.87) 0.022
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 2.16 (1.48 - 3.15) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 2.35 (1.55 - 3.57) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 2.07 (1.46 - 2.91) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 2.34 (1.61 - 3.37) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 2.36 (1.66 - 3.35) --
Tennessee 3.58b (3.00 - 4.26) 2.90 (2.31 - 3.64) 0.073
Region 1 4.00a (2.88 - 5.53) 2.78 (1.90 - 4.05) 0.040
Region 2 3.97 (3.01 - 5.21) 3.21 (2.25 - 4.55) 0.201
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 2.67 (1.87 - 3.80) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 4.21b (3.13 - 5.64) 3.00 (2.04 - 4.39) 0.062
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 2.90 (2.10 - 3.99) --
Region 6 3.52 (2.60 - 4.77) 2.67 (1.80 - 3.95) 0.110
Region 7 (Shelby) 2.98 (2.17 - 4.08) 2.90 (2.01 - 4.17) 0.875
Texas 3.84a (3.47 - 4.24) 3.00 (2.63 - 3.41) 0.001
Region 1 4.29b (3.40 - 5.41) 3.33 (2.45 - 4.50) 0.064
Region 2 4.14 (3.15 - 5.42) 3.41 (2.42 - 4.78) 0.198
Region 3 3.64a (3.11 - 4.25) 2.69 (2.22 - 3.26) 0.004
Region 3a 3.57a (2.94 - 4.33) 2.47 (1.93 - 3.17) 0.004
Region 3bc 3.75 (2.99 - 4.70) 3.08 (2.37 - 4.00) 0.153
Region 4 3.88a (3.00 - 5.02) 2.73 (2.01 - 3.70) 0.018
Region 5 4.10b (3.16 - 5.32) 3.13 (2.23 - 4.39) 0.092
Region 6 3.64b (3.07 - 4.30) 2.91 (2.36 - 3.59) 0.053
Region 6a 3.61b (3.01 - 4.33) 2.90 (2.31 - 3.63) 0.074
Region 6bc 3.85b (2.96 - 5.01) 2.99 (2.12 - 4.19) 0.094
Region 7 4.35a (3.70 - 5.10) 3.40 (2.71 - 4.26) 0.029
Region 7a 4.57b (3.73 - 5.59) 3.57 (2.69 - 4.71) 0.077
Region 7bcd 4.02b (3.17 - 5.09) 3.11 (2.28 - 4.23) 0.074
Region 8 3.98 (3.19 - 4.97) 3.36 (2.54 - 4.44) 0.229
Region 9 4.02 (3.07 - 5.25) 3.54 (2.50 - 4.99) 0.420
Region 10 3.91b (2.99 - 5.10) 2.90 (2.09 - 4.00) 0.062
Region 11 3.61b (2.94 - 4.42) 2.93 (2.29 - 3.75) 0.093
Region 11abd 3.77b (2.94 - 4.81) 2.86 (2.10 - 3.89) 0.058
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.27 (2.49 - 4.29) 3.05 (2.19 - 4.25) 0.662
Utah 3.91b (3.30 - 4.62) 3.16 (2.55 - 3.91) 0.057
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 4.15a (3.14 - 5.48) 2.91 (2.05 - 4.14) 0.025
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 3.53 (2.63 - 4.71) 3.11 (2.16 - 4.47) 0.435
Davis County 3.69 (2.78 - 4.87) 3.12 (2.20 - 4.41) 0.292
Salt Lake County 4.15b (3.26 - 5.26) 3.10 (2.27 - 4.21) 0.069
Utah County 3.76 (2.88 - 4.90) 3.26 (2.37 - 4.47) 0.348
Weber, Morgan 3.56 (2.70 - 4.69) 3.67 (2.50 - 5.35) 0.869
Vermont 3.91 (3.31 - 4.61) 3.43 (2.76 - 4.26) 0.234
Champlain Valley 4.09 (3.29 - 5.07) 3.82 (2.93 - 4.97) 0.608
Rural Northeast 3.91 (3.04 - 5.02) 3.52 (2.54 - 4.86) 0.497
Rural Southeast 3.22 (2.40 - 4.30) 3.00 (2.08 - 4.30) 0.691
Rural Southwest 4.41a (3.27 - 5.91) 2.87 (1.99 - 4.13) 0.011
Virginia 3.49 (2.91 - 4.17) 3.06 (2.45 - 3.81) 0.252
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.28 (2.34 - 4.57) --
Region 2 3.10 (2.34 - 4.09) 2.70 (1.94 - 3.74) 0.396
Region 3 3.79 (2.87 - 5.00) 2.95 (2.07 - 4.19) 0.128
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 3.08 (2.16 - 4.37) --
Region 5 3.54 (2.69 - 4.66) 3.43 (2.47 - 4.76) 0.845
Washington1 3.98 (3.37 - 4.69) 3.88 (3.11 - 4.82) 0.810
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.64 (2.69 - 4.90) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 3.45 (2.38 - 4.96) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 3.92 (2.67 - 5.71) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 4.18 (3.21 - 5.42) --
King 3.76 (2.90 - 4.87) 4.47 (3.30 - 6.04) 0.274
North Sound 4.24 (3.23 - 5.54) 3.65 (2.61 - 5.08) 0.357
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.61 (2.75 - 4.72) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 3.76 (2.51 - 5.59) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 3.71 (2.61 - 5.26) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 3.32 (2.26 - 4.84) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 3.83 (2.56 - 5.69) --
West Virginia1 3.82a (3.21 - 4.54) 2.66 (2.12 - 3.34) 0.002
Region I 3.43b (2.55 - 4.61) 2.51 (1.67 - 3.75) 0.079
Region II -- (-- - --) 2.66 (1.86 - 3.81) --
Region III 3.69a (2.70 - 5.03) 2.53 (1.71 - 3.73) 0.028
Region IV -- (-- - --) 2.94 (2.17 - 3.96) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 2.59 (1.86 - 3.60) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 2.57 (1.80 - 3.65) --
Wisconsin 3.73 (3.14 - 4.42) 3.14 (2.48 - 3.98) 0.141
Milwaukee 3.88 (2.91 - 5.15) 3.71 (2.59 - 5.29) 0.782
Northeastern 3.67 (2.79 - 4.82) 2.85 (2.01 - 4.02) 0.128
Northern 3.27 (2.39 - 4.45) 3.22 (2.14 - 4.82) 0.940
Southeastern 3.84 (2.85 - 5.15) 3.10 (2.18 - 4.38) 0.198
Southern -- (-- - --) 3.05 (2.15 - 4.31) --
Western -- (-- - --) 3.11 (2.18 - 4.42) --
Wyoming 3.76a (3.16 - 4.47) 2.21 (1.69 - 2.89) 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 3.62a (2.69 - 4.86) 2.19 (1.49 - 3.23) 0.006
Judicial District 2 4.69a (3.58 - 6.12) 2.52 (1.73 - 3.66) 0.000
Judicial District 3 3.74a (2.82 - 4.96) 1.93 (1.31 - 2.83) 0.000
Judicial District 4 3.78a (2.81 - 5.07) 2.01 (1.31 - 3.08) 0.001
Judicial District 5 3.18a (2.35 - 4.29) 2.02 (1.33 - 3.06) 0.012
Judicial District 6 3.63a (2.72 - 4.83) 2.38 (1.62 - 3.49) 0.015
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 4.02a (3.02 - 5.35) 2.43 (1.60 - 3.66) 0.006
Judicial District 8 3.57a (2.62 - 4.84) 2.12 (1.40 - 3.21) 0.005
Judicial District 9 3.64a (2.68 - 4.94) 2.26 (1.48 - 3.44) 0.011
160414
Table 6 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 2.46a (2.35 - 2.57) 1.70 (1.62 - 1.79) 0.000
Northeast 2.47a (2.27 - 2.68) 1.99 (1.80 - 2.21) 0.001
Midwest 2.45a (2.30 - 2.61) 1.40 (1.28 - 1.54) 0.000
South 2.37a (2.22 - 2.52) 1.53 (1.41 - 1.66) 0.000
West 2.61a (2.40 - 2.84) 2.02 (1.82 - 2.24) 0.000
Alabama 2.21a (1.73 - 2.82) 1.22 (0.85 - 1.74) 0.000
Region 1 1.93a (1.39 - 2.68) 1.12 (0.69 - 1.83) 0.015
Region 2 2.52a (1.83 - 3.46) 1.55 (0.97 - 2.46) 0.034
Region 3 2.38a (1.65 - 3.43) 0.96 (0.56 - 1.65) 0.000
Region 4 1.97a (1.37 - 2.81) 1.08 (0.64 - 1.81) 0.015
Alaska 2.57a (2.01 - 3.28) 1.65 (1.23 - 2.22) 0.008
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 1.76 (1.22 - 2.55) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 1.42 (0.88 - 2.29) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 1.66 (1.05 - 2.63) --
Southeast 2.80a (1.93 - 4.05) 1.66 (1.01 - 2.72) 0.037
Arizona 3.48a (2.77 - 4.35) 2.19 (1.65 - 2.91) 0.003
Maricopa 3.42a (2.65 - 4.41) 2.19 (1.55 - 3.07) 0.015
Pima 4.28a (3.09 - 5.91) 2.58 (1.63 - 4.07) 0.026
Rural North 2.94 (2.10 - 4.12) 2.13 (1.28 - 3.50) 0.162
Rural South 3.16a (2.21 - 4.51) 1.81 (1.10 - 2.96) 0.020
Arkansas1 1.96a (1.54 - 2.49) 1.26 (0.90 - 1.77) 0.003
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 1.26 (0.78 - 2.04) --
Catchment Area 2 1.55 (1.08 - 2.21) 1.04 (0.60 - 1.79) 0.102
Catchment Area 3 2.09a (1.45 - 3.00) 1.09 (0.63 - 1.88) 0.010
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 1.19 (0.70 - 2.02) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 1.58 (0.96 - 2.58) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 1.50 (0.84 - 2.65) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 1.05 (0.59 - 1.86) --
Catchment Area 8 2.24a (1.60 - 3.15) 1.32 (0.76 - 2.27) 0.031
California 2.58a (2.26 - 2.94) 2.12 (1.82 - 2.46) 0.033
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 2.26 (1.49 - 3.42) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 2.25 (1.50 - 3.35) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 1.91 (1.27 - 2.86) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 1.79 (1.20 - 2.67) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 3.66 (2.33 - 5.69) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.18a (1.61 - 2.95) 1.37 (0.87 - 2.15) 0.033
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 1.88 (1.21 - 2.92) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 2.22 (1.48 - 3.32) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 1.46 (0.90 - 2.36) --
Region 10 2.69 (2.00 - 3.60) 3.00 (2.01 - 4.45) 0.576
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.53 (2.04 - 3.13) 2.17 (1.77 - 2.65) 0.262
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 2.32 (1.49 - 3.59) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 2.24 (1.53 - 3.27) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 1.78 (1.17 - 2.69) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 3.32 (2.14 - 5.11) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 1.97 (1.26 - 3.07) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 1.88 (1.29 - 2.73) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 1.89 (1.26 - 2.81) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 1.89 (1.20 - 2.99) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 1.93 (1.32 - 2.81) --
Region 14 (Orange) 2.18 (1.65 - 2.87) 2.26 (1.60 - 3.20) 0.841
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 1.93 (1.24 - 3.00) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 2.04 (1.42 - 2.94) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 2.26 (1.50 - 3.37) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 1.94 (1.32 - 2.85) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 2.13 (1.38 - 3.28) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 2.19 (1.44 - 3.31) --
Colorado 3.67b (2.94 - 4.59) 2.83 (2.19 - 3.66) 0.056
Region 1 3.51 (2.59 - 4.75) 2.73 (1.77 - 4.17) 0.211
Regions 2 and 7 4.01 (3.09 - 5.18) 3.21 (2.34 - 4.40) 0.207
Region 3 3.24b (2.27 - 4.60) 2.20 (1.41 - 3.42) 0.064
Region 4 3.00 (2.09 - 4.31) 2.32 (1.37 - 3.90) 0.251
Regions 5 and 6 3.09b (2.16 - 4.39) 2.09 (1.26 - 3.43) 0.085
Connecticut 2.14 (1.65 - 2.76) 1.94 (1.46 - 2.57) 0.521
Eastern 2.31 (1.65 - 3.24) 1.96 (1.25 - 3.07) 0.445
North Central 2.03 (1.40 - 2.92) 2.34 (1.56 - 3.52) 0.543
Northwestern 2.12 (1.51 - 2.99) 1.56 (0.96 - 2.51) 0.187
South Central 2.21 (1.58 - 3.09) 1.72 (1.09 - 2.69) 0.239
Southwest 2.10 (1.45 - 3.04) 1.95 (1.23 - 3.08) 0.748
Delaware 2.63a (2.10 - 3.29) 1.79 (1.33 - 2.42) 0.011
Kent 2.43b (1.72 - 3.42) 1.52 (0.92 - 2.51) 0.055
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 2.75b (2.13 - 3.54) 1.95 (1.36 - 2.78) 0.066
Sussex 2.25b (1.56 - 3.23) 1.48 (0.91 - 2.41) 0.089
Wilmington City 3.15 (2.05 - 4.82) 2.30 (1.29 - 4.07) 0.259
District of Columbia 3.23 (2.43 - 4.28) 3.22 (2.48 - 4.17) 0.984
Ward 1 3.32 (2.18 - 5.02) 3.87 (2.49 - 5.98) 0.546
Ward 2 3.70 (2.54 - 5.36) 4.82 (3.12 - 7.37) 0.281
Ward 3 2.86 (1.91 - 4.26) 3.25 (2.12 - 4.94) 0.617
Ward 4 2.97 (1.85 - 4.72) 2.95 (1.81 - 4.77) 0.986
Ward 5 3.43 (2.12 - 5.53) 2.81 (1.78 - 4.41) 0.493
Ward 6 3.46 (2.20 - 5.38) 2.96 (1.83 - 4.76) 0.579
Ward 7 3.33 (1.98 - 5.55) 2.35 (1.31 - 4.17) 0.316
Ward 8 2.76 (1.66 - 4.55) 2.53 (1.49 - 4.24) 0.788
Florida1 2.61a (2.27 - 2.99) 2.00 (1.69 - 2.38) 0.009
Broward (Circuit 17) 2.95a (2.25 - 3.87) 1.95 (1.31 - 2.89) 0.045
Central I -- (-- - --) 2.35 (1.77 - 3.11) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 2.27 (1.57 - 3.27) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 2.47 (1.68 - 3.61) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 1.98 (1.57 - 2.49) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 2.17 (1.45 - 3.24) --
Circuit 10 2.24 (1.66 - 3.03) 1.68 (1.04 - 2.68) 0.210
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 1.85 (1.22 - 2.80) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 1.83 (1.23 - 2.72) --
Circuit 20 2.06 (1.50 - 2.84) 2.17 (1.41 - 3.35) 0.815
Northeast -- (-- - --) 2.03 (1.56 - 2.64) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 2.19 (1.42 - 3.36) --
Circuit 5 1.85 (1.33 - 2.56) 1.65 (1.06 - 2.55) 0.618
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 2.17 (1.41 - 3.33) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 2.25 (1.48 - 3.40) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 2.40 (1.76 - 3.25) --
Circuit 1 2.77 (2.07 - 3.71) 2.44 (1.56 - 3.81) 0.563
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 2.66 (1.72 - 4.08) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 1.90 (1.13 - 3.17) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 2.57a (1.92 - 3.44) 1.55 (1.08 - 2.23) 0.011
Southeast -- (-- - --) 1.97 (1.42 - 2.73) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.80 (2.08 - 3.77) 2.07 (1.40 - 3.05) 0.139
Circuit 19 2.32 (1.69 - 3.19) 1.76 (1.09 - 2.83) 0.235
Georgia 2.32a (1.81 - 2.96) 1.70 (1.25 - 2.31) 0.042
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.33 (0.84 - 2.12) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 1.81 (1.10 - 2.97) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 2.15 (1.36 - 3.37) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 1.68 (0.96 - 2.92) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.53 (0.90 - 2.57) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 1.46 (0.86 - 2.46) --
Hawaii 1.96 (1.49 - 2.58) 1.67 (1.18 - 2.34) 0.373
Hawaii Island 1.92 (1.29 - 2.85) 1.53 (0.88 - 2.67) 0.399
Honolulu 1.99 (1.48 - 2.68) 1.75 (1.19 - 2.57) 0.539
Kauai -- (-- - --) 1.49 (0.84 - 2.65) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 1.39 (0.80 - 2.40) --
Idaho 1.60a (1.23 - 2.09) 1.09 (0.78 - 1.51) 0.015
Region 1 1.58a (1.10 - 2.27) 0.87 (0.49 - 1.52) 0.016
Region 2 1.81b (1.24 - 2.63) 1.19 (0.70 - 2.03) 0.090
Region 3 1.57b (1.09 - 2.27) 0.99 (0.60 - 1.65) 0.059
Region 4 1.63 (1.15 - 2.32) 1.30 (0.83 - 2.02) 0.315
Region 5 1.50b (1.05 - 2.16) 0.94 (0.56 - 1.58) 0.059
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 1.18 (0.68 - 2.02) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 1.00 (0.60 - 1.67) --
Illinois 2.54a (2.19 - 2.95) 1.79 (1.49 - 2.15) 0.001
Region I (Cook) 2.85a (2.29 - 3.54) 2.05 (1.55 - 2.70) 0.040
Region II 2.27a (1.84 - 2.80) 1.56 (1.18 - 2.08) 0.019
Region III 2.39b (1.86 - 3.06) 1.73 (1.19 - 2.52) 0.091
Region IV 2.28 (1.75 - 2.95) 1.83 (1.21 - 2.77) 0.292
Region V 2.36a (1.82 - 3.06) 1.46 (0.95 - 2.24) 0.027
Indiana 2.41a (1.91 - 3.04) 1.31 (0.97 - 1.78) 0.000
Central 2.75a (1.97 - 3.83) 1.41 (0.90 - 2.21) 0.002
East 2.28a (1.63 - 3.18) 1.22 (0.72 - 2.07) 0.008
North Central 2.18a (1.57 - 3.03) 1.04 (0.63 - 1.73) 0.001
Northeast 2.33a (1.66 - 3.25) 1.17 (0.70 - 1.93) 0.003
Northwest 2.44a (1.71 - 3.46) 1.41 (0.85 - 2.32) 0.015
Southeast 2.05a (1.45 - 2.89) 1.21 (0.71 - 2.03) 0.024
Southwest 2.13a (1.49 - 3.04) 1.16 (0.67 - 2.01) 0.013
West 2.66a (1.92 - 3.68) 1.73 (1.10 - 2.73) 0.045
Iowa 2.07a (1.65 - 2.61) 1.27 (0.92 - 1.75) 0.001
Central 2.08a (1.49 - 2.90) 1.07 (0.64 - 1.80) 0.005
North Central 2.20 (1.56 - 3.08) 1.74 (1.06 - 2.84) 0.292
Northeast 2.19a (1.59 - 3.01) 1.36 (0.83 - 2.22) 0.046
Northwest 1.77a (1.27 - 2.47) 1.02 (0.59 - 1.78) 0.029
Southeast 2.22a (1.61 - 3.07) 1.38 (0.85 - 2.21) 0.032
Southwest 1.80a (1.25 - 2.57) 1.02 (0.59 - 1.74) 0.025
Kansas 2.04a (1.60 - 2.61) 1.33 (0.97 - 1.82) 0.005
Kansas City Metro 2.14 (1.57 - 2.91) 1.50 (0.96 - 2.34) 0.113
Northeast 1.88b (1.34 - 2.64) 1.23 (0.77 - 1.96) 0.060
South Central 1.82a (1.28 - 2.60) 1.13 (0.68 - 1.88) 0.042
Southeast 1.89b (1.33 - 2.68) 1.20 (0.69 - 2.07) 0.055
West 1.90a (1.32 - 2.72) 1.11 (0.66 - 1.87) 0.019
Wichita (Sedgwick) 2.39a (1.68 - 3.41) 1.43 (0.85 - 2.40) 0.032
Kentucky 2.54a (2.03 - 3.17) 1.52 (1.12 - 2.07) 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 2.19b (1.61 - 2.98) 1.44 (0.87 - 2.39) 0.074
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 2.80a (2.05 - 3.82) 1.56 (1.01 - 2.42) 0.007
Communicare and River Valley 2.39a (1.70 - 3.34) 1.35 (0.81 - 2.25) 0.018
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 2.25a (1.57 - 3.21) 1.38 (0.80 - 2.36) 0.045
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 2.48a (1.78 - 3.45) 1.43 (0.87 - 2.37) 0.016
Seven Counties 2.71a (1.94 - 3.77) 1.72 (1.06 - 2.76) 0.043
Louisiana 2.58a (2.04 - 3.24) 1.76 (1.28 - 2.41) 0.009
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 2.17 (1.38 - 3.41) --
Region 1 3.45 (2.21 - 5.34) 2.64 (1.48 - 4.64) 0.330
Region 10 (Jefferson) 2.33 (1.56 - 3.47) 1.69 (0.99 - 2.87) 0.207
Regions 2 and 9 2.64b (1.94 - 3.58) 1.80 (1.12 - 2.88) 0.097
Region 3 2.69a (1.88 - 3.84) 1.56 (0.92 - 2.66) 0.030
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 1.83 (1.16 - 2.86) --
Regions 7 and 8 2.16a (1.51 - 3.07) 1.29 (0.77 - 2.14) 0.030
Maine1 2.43a (1.96 - 3.02) 1.55 (1.15 - 2.09) 0.001
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 1.46 (0.94 - 2.25) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 1.47 (0.86 - 2.47) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 1.45 (0.85 - 2.48) --
Central -- (-- - --) 1.38 (0.84 - 2.24) --
Cumberland 2.94a (2.18 - 3.95) 1.95 (1.25 - 3.03) 0.047
Midcoast 2.06a (1.46 - 2.90) 1.23 (0.72 - 2.08) 0.035
Penquis -- (-- - --) 1.70 (1.07 - 2.68) --
Western -- (-- - --) 1.67 (1.02 - 2.73) --
York 2.06a (1.48 - 2.86) 1.22 (0.73 - 2.02) 0.028
Maryland 2.02a (1.52 - 2.68) 1.35 (0.97 - 1.89) 0.013
Anne Arundel 2.03b (1.38 - 2.98) 1.36 (0.80 - 2.30) 0.087
Baltimore City 3.52b (2.16 - 5.67) 2.03 (1.18 - 3.44) 0.063
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 1.59 (0.94 - 2.69) --
Montgomery 1.41 (0.94 - 2.11) 1.05 (0.61 - 1.81) 0.253
North Central -- (-- - --) 1.24 (0.71 - 2.15) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 1.46 (0.87 - 2.42) --
Prince George's 1.83b (1.14 - 2.94) 1.05 (0.59 - 1.83) 0.056
South -- (-- - --) 1.27 (0.73 - 2.19) --
West -- (-- - --) 1.36 (0.81 - 2.27) --
Massachusetts 2.78b (2.22 - 3.48) 2.16 (1.66 - 2.81) 0.074
Boston 3.70 (2.62 - 5.19) 2.92 (1.89 - 4.49) 0.294
Central 2.61 (1.89 - 3.60) 2.00 (1.26 - 3.17) 0.228
Metrowest 2.51 (1.81 - 3.49) 1.93 (1.23 - 3.01) 0.250
Northeast 2.50 (1.80 - 3.48) 2.21 (1.45 - 3.35) 0.583
Southeast 2.95b (2.15 - 4.04) 1.92 (1.19 - 3.07) 0.064
Western 2.76 (1.99 - 3.82) 2.29 (1.45 - 3.59) 0.397
Michigan1 2.56a (2.24 - 2.93) 1.08 (0.87 - 1.35) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.09 (0.68 - 1.74) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 0.85 (0.53 - 1.38) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 1.02 (0.68 - 1.52) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 0.95 (0.61 - 1.47) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.20 (0.84 - 1.70) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 1.10 (0.74 - 1.64) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 1.19 (0.77 - 1.83) --
Region 8 2.47a (1.89 - 3.23) 0.81 (0.51 - 1.29) 0.000
Region 9 2.39a (1.80 - 3.16) 1.24 (0.78 - 1.98) 0.006
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 1.25 (0.79 - 1.95) --
Minnesota 2.39a (1.90 - 3.00) 1.22 (0.87 - 1.72) 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 2.40a (1.71 - 3.36) 1.13 (0.65 - 1.96) 0.002
Regions 3 and 4 2.32a (1.71 - 3.15) 1.09 (0.64 - 1.85) 0.001
Regions 5 and 6 2.18a (1.60 - 2.97) 1.21 (0.73 - 2.00) 0.014
Region 7A (Hennepin) 2.74a (1.94 - 3.86) 1.51 (0.93 - 2.45) 0.010
Region 7B (Ramsey) 2.68a (1.86 - 3.83) 1.54 (0.88 - 2.67) 0.026
Region 7C 2.09a (1.52 - 2.87) 0.95 (0.57 - 1.59) 0.001
Mississippi 1.90a (1.42 - 2.54) 1.28 (0.89 - 1.84) 0.020
Region 1 1.61 (1.10 - 2.37) 1.32 (0.79 - 2.20) 0.406
Region 2 2.04 (1.27 - 3.27) 1.30 (0.70 - 2.41) 0.147
Region 3 1.76 (1.18 - 2.61) 1.35 (0.78 - 2.33) 0.312
Region 4 1.97b (1.32 - 2.92) 1.26 (0.71 - 2.22) 0.093
Region 5 1.83 (1.11 - 2.99) 1.18 (0.63 - 2.21) 0.156
Region 6 2.17a (1.45 - 3.24) 1.19 (0.69 - 2.07) 0.019
Region 7 2.08b (1.44 - 3.00) 1.27 (0.73 - 2.20) 0.051
Missouri 2.85a (2.28 - 3.55) 1.08 (0.75 - 1.54) 0.000
Central 3.08a (2.23 - 4.24) 1.20 (0.72 - 1.98) 0.000
Eastern 2.93a (2.18 - 3.92) 1.02 (0.65 - 1.59) 0.000
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 3.04a (2.12 - 4.35) 1.03 (0.60 - 1.77) 0.000
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 2.70a (1.96 - 3.69) 1.00 (0.58 - 1.71) 0.000
Northwest 3.06a (2.31 - 4.03) 1.14 (0.72 - 1.80) 0.000
Northwest (Jackson) 3.44a (2.45 - 4.79) 1.25 (0.71 - 2.21) 0.000
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 2.71a (1.94 - 3.79) 1.05 (0.61 - 1.78) 0.000
Southeast 2.53a (1.78 - 3.58) 0.94 (0.54 - 1.65) 0.000
Southwest 2.36a (1.70 - 3.26) 1.11 (0.65 - 1.89) 0.002
Montana 2.39a (1.93 - 2.95) 1.48 (1.10 - 2.01) 0.001
Region 1 1.91b (1.33 - 2.72) 1.21 (0.69 - 2.09) 0.061
Region 2 2.34a (1.65 - 3.31) 1.42 (0.87 - 2.32) 0.028
Region 3 2.18a (1.56 - 3.04) 1.10 (0.68 - 1.79) 0.004
Region 4 2.47a (1.87 - 3.26) 1.50 (0.95 - 2.36) 0.021
Region 5 2.62b (1.97 - 3.46) 1.82 (1.21 - 2.73) 0.063
Nebraska 2.09a (1.64 - 2.65) 1.27 (0.92 - 1.77) 0.001
Regions 1 and 2 1.67b (1.16 - 2.40) 1.14 (0.72 - 1.81) 0.056
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.15 (0.66 - 1.99) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 1.13 (0.64 - 1.99) --
Region 3 1.82b (1.27 - 2.61) 1.19 (0.72 - 1.96) 0.055
Region 4 1.63a (1.13 - 2.34) 1.02 (0.60 - 1.75) 0.048
Region 5 2.08b (1.53 - 2.81) 1.43 (0.89 - 2.27) 0.084
Region 6 2.45a (1.78 - 3.35) 1.31 (0.85 - 1.99) 0.002
Nevada1 2.07a (1.58 - 2.69) 1.31 (0.93 - 1.85) 0.007
Clark – Region 1 2.04a (1.51 - 2.75) 1.16 (0.76 - 1.76) 0.007
Region 3 1.77b (1.24 - 2.54) 1.25 (0.78 - 1.97) 0.093
Capital District -- (-- - --) 1.37 (0.78 - 2.39) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 1.13 (0.63 - 2.01) --
Washoe – Region 2 2.44 (1.74 - 3.42) 2.07 (1.29 - 3.30) 0.460
New Hampshire 2.89b (2.33 - 3.58) 2.26 (1.77 - 2.88) 0.069
Central 2.83 (2.17 - 3.68) 2.18 (1.60 - 2.98) 0.117
Central 1 3.11b (2.28 - 4.23) 2.19 (1.47 - 3.26) 0.090
Central 2 2.56 (1.84 - 3.55) 2.18 (1.46 - 3.24) 0.426
Northern 2.75 (2.03 - 3.71) 2.11 (1.39 - 3.20) 0.188
Southern 2.95 (2.31 - 3.77) 2.33 (1.75 - 3.10) 0.135
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 2.29 (1.65 - 3.18) 2.11 (1.42 - 3.11) 0.687
Southern 2 3.35b (2.53 - 4.43) 2.47 (1.75 - 3.48) 0.099
New Jersey 2.07b (1.61 - 2.66) 1.57 (1.15 - 2.15) 0.067
Central 2.03 (1.45 - 2.83) 1.51 (0.94 - 2.40) 0.193
Metropolitan 2.03 (1.40 - 2.94) 1.77 (1.11 - 2.79) 0.550
Northern 2.05 (1.49 - 2.83) 1.45 (0.92 - 2.28) 0.108
Southern 2.21 (1.54 - 3.16) 1.62 (1.03 - 2.55) 0.175
New Mexico 3.19a (2.56 - 3.96) 2.20 (1.63 - 2.96) 0.016
Region 1 2.51 (1.82 - 3.45) 1.79 (1.08 - 2.97) 0.186
Region 2 3.09a (2.18 - 4.36) 1.77 (1.04 - 3.00) 0.032
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 3.75 (2.84 - 4.94) 2.85 (1.93 - 4.19) 0.170
Region 4 3.10a (2.24 - 4.29) 1.67 (1.01 - 2.76) 0.010
Region 5 3.15 (2.34 - 4.23) 2.21 (1.42 - 3.43) 0.113
New York 2.52 (2.17 - 2.93) 2.35 (1.98 - 2.78) 0.500
Region A 2.47 (2.01 - 3.03) 2.60 (2.08 - 3.25) 0.710
Region 1 2.48 (1.78 - 3.45) 2.11 (1.35 - 3.28) 0.492
Region 2 2.26 (1.65 - 3.09) 2.63 (1.86 - 3.71) 0.459
Region 3 3.68 (2.74 - 4.92) 4.02 (2.79 - 5.77) 0.658
Region 4 1.87 (1.33 - 2.62) 1.79 (1.18 - 2.73) 0.853
Region B -- (-- - --) 2.07 (1.60 - 2.66) --
Region 5 2.28 (1.76 - 2.95) 1.96 (1.40 - 2.75) 0.403
Region 6 2.34 (1.75 - 3.14) 2.24 (1.47 - 3.40) 0.834
Region 7 2.57 (1.93 - 3.41) 2.14 (1.38 - 3.30) 0.389
Region C -- (-- - --) 2.33 (1.88 - 2.89) --
Region 8 2.87 (2.16 - 3.79) 2.32 (1.56 - 3.43) 0.285
Region 9 2.58 (1.91 - 3.48) 2.42 (1.65 - 3.54) 0.765
Region 10 2.68 (2.04 - 3.53) 2.27 (1.45 - 3.56) 0.453
Region 11 3.12b (2.29 - 4.23) 2.15 (1.48 - 3.13) 0.072
Region 12 2.85 (2.15 - 3.77) 2.46 (1.68 - 3.58) 0.448
Region D 2.41 (1.94 - 2.99) 1.98 (1.47 - 2.66) 0.186
Region 13 2.21 (1.61 - 3.03) 2.00 (1.28 - 3.11) 0.639
Region 14 2.42 (1.77 - 3.30) 1.90 (1.17 - 3.07) 0.291
Region 15 2.57 (1.89 - 3.49) 2.05 (1.32 - 3.15) 0.295
North Carolina 2.18a (1.71 - 2.78) 1.53 (1.12 - 2.08) 0.013
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 1.60 (0.94 - 2.72) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 1.47 (0.86 - 2.51) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 1.67 (0.98 - 2.82) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 1.36 (0.82 - 2.25) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 1.52 (0.89 - 2.58) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 1.52 (0.90 - 2.57) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 1.20 (0.68 - 2.10) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 1.62 (0.97 - 2.70) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 1.29 (0.73 - 2.27) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 1.62 (0.93 - 2.83) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 1.58 (0.94 - 2.62) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 1.34 (0.78 - 2.30) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 1.76 (1.04 - 2.97) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 1.89 (1.11 - 3.20) --
North Dakota 1.82a (1.42 - 2.32) 1.25 (0.92 - 1.68) 0.011
Badlands and West Central 1.57a (1.11 - 2.21) 0.99 (0.61 - 1.60) 0.050
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 1.02 (0.58 - 1.77) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 1.28 (0.77 - 2.10) --
Northeast 1.97 (1.39 - 2.77) 1.79 (1.12 - 2.83) 0.680
Northwest -- (-- - --) 1.22 (0.70 - 2.11) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 1.18 (0.70 - 1.97) --
Southeast 2.27a (1.68 - 3.07) 1.30 (0.84 - 2.02) 0.010
Ohio 2.34a (2.03 - 2.70) 1.53 (1.26 - 1.85) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 2.00 (1.47 - 2.70) 1.37 (0.84 - 2.23) 0.108
Boards 3, 52, and 85 1.75 (1.28 - 2.40) 1.38 (0.84 - 2.26) 0.314
Boards 4 and 78 2.28a (1.67 - 3.09) 1.40 (0.85 - 2.29) 0.041
Boards 5 and 60 2.47 (1.85 - 3.29) 1.83 (1.20 - 2.79) 0.136
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 2.18 (1.62 - 2.93) 1.58 (1.00 - 2.48) 0.139
Boards 8, 13, and 83 1.92b (1.44 - 2.57) 1.25 (0.77 - 2.04) 0.067
Board 9 (Butler) 2.25a (1.67 - 3.03) 1.43 (0.90 - 2.29) 0.044
Board 12 2.27 (1.70 - 3.03) 1.58 (0.97 - 2.57) 0.113
Boards 18 and 47 2.30a (1.72 - 3.06) 1.06 (0.67 - 1.66) 0.001
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 1.96b (1.45 - 2.65) 1.32 (0.81 - 2.12) 0.068
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 1.99a (1.51 - 2.63) 1.20 (0.76 - 1.90) 0.020
Boards 22, 74, and 87 2.06b (1.53 - 2.76) 1.39 (0.87 - 2.21) 0.077
Boards 23 and 45 2.09a (1.56 - 2.79) 1.23 (0.77 - 1.98) 0.015
Board 25 (Franklin) 2.95 (2.28 - 3.80) 2.15 (1.47 - 3.13) 0.110
Boards 27, 71, and 73 1.99 (1.48 - 2.67) 1.78 (1.14 - 2.78) 0.610
Boards 28, 43, and 67 2.05 (1.54 - 2.72) 1.67 (1.08 - 2.59) 0.346
Board 31 (Hamilton) 2.71a (1.95 - 3.75) 1.72 (1.11 - 2.67) 0.047
Board 48 (Lucas) 2.36b (1.68 - 3.31) 1.52 (0.93 - 2.48) 0.069
Boards 50 and 76 2.46b (1.81 - 3.33) 1.64 (1.07 - 2.50) 0.061
Board 57 (Montgomery) 2.79a (2.00 - 3.89) 1.79 (1.14 - 2.81) 0.050
Board 77 (Summit) 2.77a (2.02 - 3.79) 1.62 (1.01 - 2.58) 0.019
Oklahoma 1.92a (1.48 - 2.48) 0.99 (0.68 - 1.43) 0.000
Central 1.89a (1.33 - 2.68) 0.98 (0.57 - 1.67) 0.005
East Central 1.51a (1.02 - 2.22) 0.86 (0.48 - 1.54) 0.032
Northeast 1.79a (1.26 - 2.55) 0.86 (0.49 - 1.49) 0.003
Northwest and Southwest 1.76a (1.24 - 2.49) 1.01 (0.58 - 1.74) 0.020
Oklahoma County 2.41a (1.67 - 3.45) 1.06 (0.63 - 1.76) 0.000
Southeast 1.71a (1.20 - 2.44) 0.92 (0.52 - 1.63) 0.016
Tulsa County 2.11a (1.47 - 3.01) 1.15 (0.67 - 1.97) 0.013
Oregon 2.27 (1.78 - 2.88) 1.92 (1.45 - 2.54) 0.246
Region 1 (Multnomah) 3.10 (2.23 - 4.28) 2.39 (1.51 - 3.76) 0.242
Region 2 1.89 (1.37 - 2.61) 1.64 (1.05 - 2.56) 0.526
Region 3 2.17 (1.55 - 3.02) 2.10 (1.45 - 3.02) 0.866
Region 4 2.07 (1.47 - 2.90) 1.46 (0.88 - 2.40) 0.124
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 1.68 (1.01 - 2.80) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 1.87 (1.13 - 3.10) --
Pennsylvania1 2.41a (2.09 - 2.77) 1.66 (1.36 - 2.03) 0.001
Region 1 (Allegheny) 2.86 (2.17 - 3.78) 2.15 (1.46 - 3.17) 0.174
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 1.44 (0.91 - 2.27) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 2.03 (1.53 - 2.70) 1.60 (1.05 - 2.44) 0.253
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 1.87a (1.43 - 2.46) 1.13 (0.70 - 1.83) 0.037
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 1.51 (1.00 - 2.28) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.28a (1.80 - 2.88) 1.44 (1.00 - 2.05) 0.014
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 1.40 (0.87 - 2.24) --
Regions 17 and 21 2.44a (1.79 - 3.31) 1.49 (0.91 - 2.42) 0.035
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 1.84 (1.39 - 2.42) 1.40 (0.94 - 2.08) 0.201
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.40a (1.80 - 3.21) 1.33 (0.83 - 2.13) 0.011
Regions 29 and 34 2.13b (1.59 - 2.86) 1.45 (0.90 - 2.32) 0.089
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 1.51 (0.96 - 2.36) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 3.46 (2.57 - 4.63) 2.80 (1.85 - 4.22) 0.362
Rhode Island 3.62a (2.88 - 4.54) 2.17 (1.62 - 2.91) 0.001
Bristol and Newport 3.68a (2.59 - 5.21) 1.76 (1.10 - 2.82) 0.002
Kent 3.27a (2.34 - 4.56) 1.79 (1.08 - 2.96) 0.014
Providence 3.67a (2.80 - 4.82) 2.36 (1.66 - 3.35) 0.021
Washington 3.74a (2.74 - 5.08) 2.18 (1.38 - 3.43) 0.011
South Carolina 2.58a (2.01 - 3.30) 1.37 (0.97 - 1.92) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.18 (0.71 - 1.96) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 1.39 (0.86 - 2.26) --
Region 3 2.40a (1.62 - 3.55) 1.38 (0.81 - 2.35) 0.030
Region 4 2.84a (1.99 - 4.04) 1.55 (0.98 - 2.46) 0.008
South Dakota 1.70a (1.30 - 2.23) 0.92 (0.63 - 1.34) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 0.94 (0.55 - 1.59) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 0.78 (0.43 - 1.41) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 0.78 (0.45 - 1.32) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 0.82 (0.47 - 1.43) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.12 (0.69 - 1.82) --
Tennessee 2.30a (1.80 - 2.94) 1.25 (0.89 - 1.74) 0.000
Region 1 2.11a (1.46 - 3.02) 1.13 (0.64 - 1.99) 0.013
Region 2 2.28a (1.61 - 3.20) 1.33 (0.80 - 2.19) 0.017
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 1.26 (0.75 - 2.11) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 3.39a (2.34 - 4.87) 1.46 (0.86 - 2.48) 0.000
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.23 (0.77 - 1.96) --
Region 6 2.14a (1.47 - 3.12) 1.07 (0.62 - 1.84) 0.005
Region 7 (Shelby) 2.53a (1.66 - 3.84) 1.18 (0.67 - 2.08) 0.004
Texas 2.44a (2.14 - 2.77) 1.37 (1.15 - 1.64) 0.000
Region 1 2.60a (2.01 - 3.37) 1.67 (1.10 - 2.52) 0.023
Region 2 2.39a (1.76 - 3.25) 1.22 (0.76 - 1.96) 0.003
Region 3 2.22a (1.83 - 2.70) 1.32 (1.00 - 1.74) 0.000
Region 3a 2.32a (1.85 - 2.90) 1.25 (0.88 - 1.78) 0.001
Region 3bc 2.05b (1.54 - 2.72) 1.44 (1.01 - 2.05) 0.074
Region 4 2.07a (1.55 - 2.76) 1.16 (0.74 - 1.81) 0.009
Region 5 2.32a (1.69 - 3.16) 1.22 (0.74 - 1.98) 0.006
Region 6 2.19a (1.77 - 2.72) 1.17 (0.84 - 1.61) 0.000
Region 6a 2.17a (1.72 - 2.74) 1.16 (0.82 - 1.64) 0.000
Region 6bc 2.38a (1.75 - 3.23) 1.23 (0.76 - 1.98) 0.003
Region 7 3.07a (2.51 - 3.75) 1.98 (1.46 - 2.67) 0.005
Region 7a 3.31b (2.59 - 4.22) 2.41 (1.66 - 3.47) 0.091
Region 7bcd 2.71a (2.06 - 3.54) 1.24 (0.80 - 1.92) 0.000
Region 8 2.78a (2.17 - 3.57) 1.19 (0.79 - 1.80) 0.000
Region 9 2.75 (2.08 - 3.64) 2.18 (1.32 - 3.57) 0.285
Region 10 2.58a (1.91 - 3.49) 1.44 (0.92 - 2.26) 0.006
Region 11 2.56a (2.03 - 3.22) 1.34 (0.95 - 1.90) 0.000
Region 11abd 2.46a (1.86 - 3.25) 1.45 (0.94 - 2.21) 0.009
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 2.76a (2.03 - 3.75) 1.17 (0.74 - 1.85) 0.000
Utah 1.90a (1.45 - 2.50) 1.35 (0.98 - 1.86) 0.036
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 2.03a (1.41 - 2.92) 1.12 (0.67 - 1.89) 0.015
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 1.56 (1.08 - 2.25) 1.13 (0.65 - 1.95) 0.202
Davis County 1.64 (1.10 - 2.43) 1.31 (0.78 - 2.19) 0.343
Salt Lake County 2.04 (1.45 - 2.87) 1.59 (1.05 - 2.42) 0.274
Utah County 1.88 (1.31 - 2.69) 1.27 (0.78 - 2.06) 0.109
Weber, Morgan 1.95a (1.33 - 2.84) 1.14 (0.65 - 1.98) 0.033
Vermont 2.97a (2.44 - 3.60) 2.07 (1.59 - 2.70) 0.008
Champlain Valley 3.70a (2.91 - 4.69) 2.38 (1.72 - 3.27) 0.012
Rural Northeast 2.56 (1.88 - 3.47) 2.19 (1.43 - 3.33) 0.472
Rural Southeast 2.27 (1.65 - 3.11) 1.67 (1.03 - 2.67) 0.166
Rural Southwest 2.75a (2.02 - 3.74) 1.66 (1.03 - 2.66) 0.025
Virginia 2.34a (1.83 - 3.01) 1.53 (1.12 - 2.07) 0.004
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.66 (1.04 - 2.63) --
Region 2 2.10a (1.46 - 3.01) 1.18 (0.73 - 1.91) 0.014
Region 3 2.37b (1.71 - 3.28) 1.55 (0.95 - 2.52) 0.069
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 1.86 (1.12 - 3.06) --
Region 5 2.53b (1.75 - 3.65) 1.60 (0.99 - 2.56) 0.054
Washington1 2.14 (1.69 - 2.71) 1.74 (1.30 - 2.31) 0.150
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 1.53 (1.02 - 2.27) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 1.50 (0.93 - 2.41) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 1.56 (0.91 - 2.65) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 1.93 (1.37 - 2.72) --
King 2.18 (1.57 - 3.01) 2.04 (1.35 - 3.08) 0.765
North Sound 2.19 (1.56 - 3.07) 1.74 (1.12 - 2.68) 0.278
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 1.60 (1.12 - 2.27) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 1.38 (0.80 - 2.38) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 1.78 (1.11 - 2.84) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 1.50 (0.89 - 2.52) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 1.61 (0.94 - 2.75) --
West Virginia1 2.53a (2.07 - 3.09) 1.35 (0.99 - 1.85) 0.000
Region I 2.44a (1.77 - 3.35) 1.14 (0.66 - 1.98) 0.002
Region II -- (-- - --) 1.49 (0.89 - 2.49) --
Region III 2.27a (1.64 - 3.13) 1.12 (0.64 - 1.97) 0.006
Region IV -- (-- - --) 1.89 (1.25 - 2.86) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 1.11 (0.67 - 1.82) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 1.18 (0.71 - 1.96) --
Wisconsin 2.68a (2.13 - 3.36) 1.69 (1.24 - 2.31) 0.001
Milwaukee 3.11 (2.18 - 4.43) 2.28 (1.40 - 3.70) 0.178
Northeastern 2.61a (1.90 - 3.57) 1.23 (0.75 - 2.01) 0.001
Northern 2.31a (1.62 - 3.29) 1.31 (0.75 - 2.28) 0.028
Southeastern 2.44 (1.76 - 3.37) 2.03 (1.20 - 3.40) 0.437
Southern -- (-- - --) 1.69 (1.05 - 2.71) --
Western -- (-- - --) 1.49 (0.90 - 2.44) --
Wyoming 2.14a (1.72 - 2.67) 1.28 (0.93 - 1.76) 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 2.27a (1.63 - 3.15) 1.43 (0.89 - 2.29) 0.037
Judicial District 2 2.93a (2.16 - 3.96) 1.78 (1.13 - 2.78) 0.021
Judicial District 3 1.85a (1.33 - 2.56) 1.07 (0.64 - 1.78) 0.026
Judicial District 4 1.84a (1.30 - 2.60) 0.97 (0.56 - 1.69) 0.012
Judicial District 5 1.70b (1.19 - 2.41) 1.08 (0.63 - 1.83) 0.059
Judicial District 6 1.94b (1.38 - 2.71) 1.23 (0.73 - 2.06) 0.060
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 2.66a (1.90 - 3.72) 1.45 (0.86 - 2.42) 0.010
Judicial District 8 1.68a (1.18 - 2.38) 1.00 (0.59 - 1.71) 0.038
Judicial District 9 2.04b (1.43 - 2.92) 1.29 (0.75 - 2.21) 0.065
160414
Table 7 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 4.76a (4.61 - 4.92) 4.31 (4.17 - 4.45) 0.000
Northeast 4.13b (3.86 - 4.41) 3.82 (3.57 - 4.10) 0.081
Midwest 4.57a (4.35 - 4.80) 4.21 (4.00 - 4.43) 0.010
South 4.84a (4.63 - 5.07) 4.30 (4.09 - 4.51) 0.000
West 5.36a (5.02 - 5.73) 4.78 (4.48 - 5.10) 0.008
Alabama 5.05 (4.30 - 5.93) 5.24 (4.40 - 6.24) 0.700
Region 1 4.77 (3.75 - 6.06) 4.88 (3.77 - 6.29) 0.883
Region 2 5.47 (4.38 - 6.81) 5.62 (4.48 - 7.03) 0.830
Region 3 4.87 (3.72 - 6.36) 5.12 (3.99 - 6.56) 0.713
Region 4 4.94 (3.90 - 6.23) 5.27 (4.13 - 6.72) 0.628
Alaska 5.43 (4.53 - 6.49) 4.72 (3.95 - 5.64) 0.189
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 5.02 (4.02 - 6.24) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 4.61 (3.59 - 5.90) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 4.58 (3.55 - 5.89) --
Southeast 5.41b (4.00 - 7.28) 4.15 (3.10 - 5.53) 0.084
Arizona 5.63 (4.72 - 6.70) 5.18 (4.29 - 6.24) 0.422
Maricopa 5.40 (4.39 - 6.62) 5.37 (4.35 - 6.62) 0.975
Pima 6.49b (4.91 - 8.53) 5.09 (3.86 - 6.69) 0.075
Rural North 5.40 (4.02 - 7.24) 4.87 (3.59 - 6.56) 0.492
Rural South 5.83 (4.20 - 8.04) 4.67 (3.49 - 6.22) 0.153
Arkansas1 5.15 (4.35 - 6.08) 5.21 (4.37 - 6.20) 0.899
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 5.06 (3.94 - 6.47) --
Catchment Area 2 4.78 (3.56 - 6.38) 4.83 (3.71 - 6.28) 0.936
Catchment Area 3 5.60 (4.29 - 7.28) 5.64 (4.36 - 7.28) 0.956
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 5.25 (4.00 - 6.85) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 5.56 (4.34 - 7.11) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 5.18 (3.93 - 6.79) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 5.05 (3.80 - 6.67) --
Catchment Area 8 5.36 (4.13 - 6.92) 5.08 (3.93 - 6.54) 0.688
California 5.11 (4.59 - 5.68) 4.76 (4.30 - 5.26) 0.295
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 5.26 (4.14 - 6.66) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 5.23 (4.15 - 6.59) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 4.78 (3.83 - 5.96) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 4.66 (3.70 - 5.84) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.63 - 6.20) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 4.77 (3.60 - 6.30) 4.36 (3.43 - 5.53) 0.510
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 4.54 (3.57 - 5.78) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 4.56 (3.58 - 5.81) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 4.28 (3.29 - 5.55) --
Region 10 5.19 (3.94 - 6.79) 4.93 (3.88 - 6.23) 0.700
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 4.82 (4.06 - 5.72) 4.72 (4.15 - 5.35) 0.815
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 4.92 (3.88 - 6.23) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.79 - 5.96) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 4.23 (3.32 - 5.37) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 4.81 (3.77 - 6.12) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 5.49 (4.32 - 6.95) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.75 - 6.03) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- - --) 4.49 (3.54 - 5.68) --
Region 12R -- (-- - --) 4.67 (3.68 - 5.92) --
Regions 13 and 19R -- (-- - --) 4.84 (3.92 - 5.96) --
Region 14 (Orange) 5.31 (4.20 - 6.69) 4.38 (3.52 - 5.43) 0.130
Region 15R (Fresno) -- (-- - --) 5.11 (4.08 - 6.40) --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- (-- - --) 4.93 (4.00 - 6.06) --
Region 17R -- (-- - --) 4.88 (3.90 - 6.09) --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- (-- - --) 4.80 (3.86 - 5.97) --
Region 20R -- (-- - --) 5.08 (4.00 - 6.42) --
Region 21R -- (-- - --) 5.19 (4.10 - 6.55) --
Colorado 6.08b (5.06 - 7.27) 5.03 (4.18 - 6.05) 0.085
Region 1 5.94 (4.49 - 7.82) 5.89 (4.49 - 7.70) 0.953
Regions 2 and 7 6.12 (4.91 - 7.61) 4.99 (3.98 - 6.23) 0.121
Region 3 5.86 (4.34 - 7.88) 4.73 (3.61 - 6.17) 0.159
Region 4 6.86a (4.87 - 9.58) 4.58 (3.43 - 6.08) 0.012
Regions 5 and 6 5.83 (4.29 - 7.88) 4.84 (3.67 - 6.37) 0.201
Connecticut 4.13 (3.42 - 4.99) 3.55 (2.90 - 4.35) 0.165
Eastern 4.99 (3.72 - 6.66) 3.93 (3.00 - 5.14) 0.101
North Central 3.57 (2.69 - 4.72) 3.79 (2.89 - 4.96) 0.691
Northwestern 4.78a (3.59 - 6.35) 3.26 (2.44 - 4.35) 0.010
South Central 4.02 (3.08 - 5.24) 3.44 (2.59 - 4.55) 0.276
Southwest 3.98 (2.90 - 5.43) 3.36 (2.52 - 4.45) 0.279
Delaware 5.13 (4.35 - 6.05) 4.70 (3.92 - 5.63) 0.374
Kent 5.52 (4.19 - 7.24) 4.77 (3.71 - 6.12) 0.310
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 5.22 (4.29 - 6.33) 4.85 (3.90 - 6.02) 0.542
Sussex 4.92 (3.67 - 6.58) 4.30 (3.25 - 5.66) 0.380
Wilmington City 4.48 (3.23 - 6.17) 4.73 (3.51 - 6.35) 0.721
District of Columbia 3.19a (2.49 - 4.08) 4.13 (3.41 - 4.99) 0.035
Ward 1 3.40 (2.30 - 4.99) 4.62 (3.44 - 6.18) 0.102
Ward 2 3.90 (2.70 - 5.60) 5.06 (3.80 - 6.69) 0.145
Ward 3 3.80 (2.70 - 5.32) 4.05 (3.03 - 5.39) 0.700
Ward 4 2.59 (1.72 - 3.87) 3.45 (2.55 - 4.65) 0.133
Ward 5 2.71a (1.88 - 3.91) 4.06 (3.06 - 5.36) 0.025
Ward 6 3.40 (2.29 - 5.03) 4.10 (3.05 - 5.50) 0.311
Ward 7 2.43a (1.66 - 3.54) 3.67 (2.73 - 4.91) 0.027
Ward 8 3.04 (2.14 - 4.28) 3.90 (2.97 - 5.11) 0.156
Florida1 4.82a (4.37 - 5.32) 3.47 (3.07 - 3.92) 0.000
Broward (Circuit 17) 4.46a (3.54 - 5.61) 3.42 (2.73 - 4.29) 0.035
Central I -- (-- - --) 3.61 (3.04 - 4.28) --
Circuit 9 -- (-- - --) 3.71 (3.01 - 4.57) --
Circuit 18 -- (-- - --) 3.47 (2.75 - 4.36) --
Central II -- (-- - --) 3.45 (2.94 - 4.03) --
Circuit 6 -- (-- - --) 3.37 (2.60 - 4.35) --
Circuit 10 4.57b (3.53 - 5.91) 3.55 (2.75 - 4.56) 0.060
Circuit 12 -- (-- - --) 3.06 (2.33 - 4.02) --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- (-- - --) 3.67 (2.90 - 4.63) --
Circuit 20 4.37 (3.30 - 5.78) 3.50 (2.68 - 4.56) 0.142
Northeast -- (-- - --) 3.60 (3.07 - 4.21) --
Circuit 4 -- (-- - --) 3.62 (2.87 - 4.57) --
Circuit 5 4.32a (3.35 - 5.55) 3.19 (2.46 - 4.12) 0.029
Circuit 7 -- (-- - --) 3.50 (2.74 - 4.45) --
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton,
   Lafayette, and Suwannee
-- (-- - --) 4.55 (3.56 - 5.79) --
Northwest -- (-- - --) 4.12 (3.45 - 4.92) --
Circuit 1 6.77a (5.28 - 8.65) 4.01 (3.12 - 5.14) 0.000
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor -- (-- - --) 4.42 (3.49 - 5.59) --
Circuit 14 -- (-- - --) 3.96 (3.03 - 5.16) --
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.49 (2.72 - 4.46) 2.95 (2.31 - 3.76) 0.254
Southeast -- (-- - --) 3.40 (2.78 - 4.15) --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 4.59a (3.52 - 5.96) 3.41 (2.67 - 4.34) 0.030
Circuit 19 4.02 (3.02 - 5.34) 3.38 (2.63 - 4.34) 0.225
Georgia 5.14 (4.30 - 6.13) 4.47 (3.74 - 5.34) 0.170
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 4.49 (3.52 - 5.70) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 4.96 (3.85 - 6.37) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.18 (3.25 - 5.37) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 4.59 (3.51 - 5.98) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.77 (3.62 - 6.27) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 4.30 (3.30 - 5.58) --
Hawaii 3.65b (2.93 - 4.54) 4.64 (3.81 - 5.65) 0.062
Hawaii Island 4.25 (2.98 - 6.04) 4.37 (3.19 - 5.96) 0.879
Honolulu 3.39a (2.65 - 4.34) 4.73 (3.81 - 5.86) 0.019
Kauai -- (-- - --) 4.26 (3.08 - 5.85) --
Maui -- (-- - --) 4.57 (3.34 - 6.21) --
Idaho 5.55a (4.76 - 6.45) 4.29 (3.60 - 5.10) 0.005
Region 1 5.55a (4.20 - 7.30) 3.88 (2.97 - 5.06) 0.012
Region 2 6.41a (4.91 - 8.34) 4.26 (3.23 - 5.60) 0.003
Region 3 5.14b (3.96 - 6.66) 4.05 (3.14 - 5.20) 0.070
Region 4 6.11b (4.84 - 7.69) 4.72 (3.73 - 5.95) 0.053
Region 5 4.90 (3.69 - 6.47) 3.98 (3.01 - 5.23) 0.142
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 4.56 (3.49 - 5.94) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 4.21 (3.24 - 5.46) --
Illinois 3.91 (3.52 - 4.34) 3.59 (3.19 - 4.03) 0.220
Region I (Cook) 3.67 (3.11 - 4.32) 3.47 (2.92 - 4.12) 0.594
Region II 4.29b (3.65 - 5.04) 3.57 (2.98 - 4.26) 0.081
Region III 4.00 (3.30 - 4.85) 3.96 (3.23 - 4.85) 0.927
Region IV 3.91 (3.14 - 4.86) 3.56 (2.81 - 4.50) 0.448
Region V 3.72 (3.01 - 4.58) 3.74 (3.02 - 4.63) 0.949
Indiana 5.84b (4.98 - 6.84) 4.98 (4.20 - 5.90) 0.083
Central 6.16 (4.82 - 7.84) 5.08 (3.97 - 6.48) 0.166
East 6.33 (4.81 - 8.27) 5.14 (3.98 - 6.64) 0.132
North Central 5.66 (4.37 - 7.31) 4.70 (3.63 - 6.06) 0.173
Northeast 4.70 (3.46 - 6.35) 4.87 (3.75 - 6.31) 0.807
Northwest 5.11 (3.87 - 6.72) 4.93 (3.80 - 6.38) 0.798
Southeast 6.31b (4.72 - 8.40) 4.91 (3.80 - 6.33) 0.079
Southwest 6.06b (4.56 - 8.01) 4.62 (3.52 - 6.05) 0.056
West 6.15 (4.80 - 7.86) 5.46 (4.27 - 6.96) 0.358
Iowa 3.19 (2.57 - 3.96) 3.76 (3.10 - 4.55) 0.148
Central 3.36 (2.41 - 4.66) 3.61 (2.76 - 4.72) 0.642
North Central 3.49 (2.51 - 4.82) 3.98 (3.00 - 5.26) 0.409
Northeast 3.08 (2.29 - 4.14) 3.83 (2.95 - 4.95) 0.152
Northwest 2.91 (2.08 - 4.07) 3.65 (2.74 - 4.85) 0.159
Southeast 3.17 (2.35 - 4.27) 3.88 (2.99 - 5.02) 0.180
Southwest 3.34 (2.38 - 4.69) 3.50 (2.61 - 4.68) 0.787
Kansas 4.17 (3.44 - 5.06) 4.03 (3.33 - 4.88) 0.748
Kansas City Metro 4.04 (3.09 - 5.26) 4.06 (3.15 - 5.21) 0.968
Northeast 3.98 (2.93 - 5.38) 4.09 (3.13 - 5.33) 0.850
South Central 4.32 (3.15 - 5.90) 3.91 (2.96 - 5.14) 0.510
Southeast 4.23 (3.06 - 5.81) 4.25 (3.16 - 5.68) 0.973
West 3.41 (2.42 - 4.80) 3.85 (2.91 - 5.08) 0.446
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.06 (3.76 - 6.79) 4.02 (3.07 - 5.23) 0.121
Kentucky 6.79a (5.85 - 7.88) 4.31 (3.58 - 5.19) 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 5.85a (4.54 - 7.52) 4.11 (3.13 - 5.38) 0.016
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 7.68a (6.12 - 9.59) 4.53 (3.52 - 5.81) 0.000
Communicare and River Valley 6.17a (4.72 - 8.04) 4.15 (3.18 - 5.40) 0.005
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 6.73a (5.07 - 8.87) 4.07 (3.07 - 5.37) 0.000
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 6.83a (5.29 - 8.79) 4.15 (3.14 - 5.48) 0.000
Seven Counties 6.69a (5.33 - 8.35) 4.43 (3.38 - 5.79) 0.004
Louisiana 5.06 (4.35 - 5.88) 4.79 (4.03 - 5.68) 0.548
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 4.61 (3.65 - 5.81) --
Region 1 4.42 (3.25 - 5.99) 4.63 (3.50 - 6.09) 0.768
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.89 (3.66 - 6.50) 4.60 (3.42 - 6.15) 0.683
Regions 2 and 9 5.26 (4.22 - 6.54) 5.30 (4.17 - 6.71) 0.957
Region 3 5.49 (4.20 - 7.14) 4.70 (3.59 - 6.13) 0.245
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- (-- - --) 4.59 (3.56 - 5.91) --
Regions 7 and 8 5.02 (3.91 - 6.42) 4.56 (3.57 - 5.81) 0.479
Maine1 4.58a (3.85 - 5.44) 3.59 (2.94 - 4.36) 0.017
Aroostook/Downeast -- (-- - --) 3.41 (2.63 - 4.41) --
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 3.35 (2.48 - 4.50) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 3.46 (2.53 - 4.72) --
Central -- (-- - --) 3.63 (2.73 - 4.82) --
Cumberland 4.33 (3.32 - 5.63) 3.55 (2.68 - 4.68) 0.171
Midcoast 4.25b (3.16 - 5.69) 3.18 (2.36 - 4.25) 0.053
Penquis -- (-- - --) 3.83 (2.91 - 5.01) --
Western -- (-- - --) 3.87 (2.91 - 5.14) --
York 4.52b (3.41 - 5.95) 3.55 (2.65 - 4.75) 0.100
Maryland 3.65 (2.99 - 4.45) 4.07 (3.33 - 4.97) 0.318
Anne Arundel 4.03 (2.92 - 5.53) 4.14 (3.09 - 5.52) 0.862
Baltimore City 3.95 (2.80 - 5.55) 4.60 (3.42 - 6.16) 0.371
Baltimore County -- (-- - --) 4.26 (3.20 - 5.64) --
Montgomery 3.12 (2.23 - 4.34) 3.70 (2.75 - 4.96) 0.282
North Central -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.79 - 5.02) --
Northeast -- (-- - --) 4.18 (3.13 - 5.57) --
Prince George's 2.94b (2.12 - 4.06) 3.96 (2.94 - 5.32) 0.066
South -- (-- - --) 4.12 (3.07 - 5.51) --
West -- (-- - --) 4.12 (3.08 - 5.50) --
Massachusetts 4.97a (4.17 - 5.91) 3.49 (2.86 - 4.27) 0.001
Boston 5.11 (3.76 - 6.91) 4.15 (3.13 - 5.49) 0.188
Central 4.38 (3.24 - 5.89) 3.67 (2.75 - 4.88) 0.244
Metrowest 4.93a (3.79 - 6.38) 3.26 (2.45 - 4.32) 0.004
Northeast 4.81a (3.64 - 6.32) 3.29 (2.49 - 4.34) 0.008
Southeast 5.48a (4.22 - 7.08) 3.40 (2.56 - 4.48) 0.001
Western 4.95a (3.76 - 6.50) 3.55 (2.67 - 4.72) 0.024
Michigan1 5.33a (4.83 - 5.87) 4.36 (3.91 - 4.85) 0.003
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.96 (3.13 - 4.99) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 3.68 (2.85 - 4.73) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.34 (3.57 - 5.27) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 4.41 (3.61 - 5.37) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.74 (3.95 - 5.68) --
Region 6 -- (-- - --) 4.12 (3.34 - 5.08) --
Region 7 -- (-- - --) 4.37 (3.58 - 5.32) --
Region 8 4.64 (3.76 - 5.70) 4.07 (3.30 - 5.01) 0.290
Region 9 5.43 (4.31 - 6.83) 4.40 (3.56 - 5.44) 0.102
Region 10 -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.84 - 5.89) --
Minnesota 3.92 (3.23 - 4.75) 3.41 (2.78 - 4.17) 0.203
Regions 1 and 2 4.13 (3.02 - 5.63) 3.47 (2.57 - 4.68) 0.261
Regions 3 and 4 4.12 (3.13 - 5.41) 3.50 (2.67 - 4.56) 0.248
Regions 5 and 6 3.68 (2.76 - 4.89) 3.43 (2.58 - 4.54) 0.644
Region 7A (Hennepin) 4.37b (3.19 - 5.95) 3.19 (2.41 - 4.23) 0.052
Region 7B (Ramsey) 3.63 (2.57 - 5.11) 3.69 (2.73 - 4.96) 0.925
Region 7C 3.53 (2.61 - 4.77) 3.37 (2.59 - 4.39) 0.766
Mississippi 4.06 (3.40 - 4.85) 4.76 (3.99 - 5.66) 0.105
Region 1 4.29 (3.32 - 5.52) 5.22 (4.07 - 6.67) 0.161
Region 2 3.35a (2.48 - 4.50) 4.73 (3.63 - 6.14) 0.020
Region 3 3.98 (2.97 - 5.31) 4.58 (3.57 - 5.87) 0.308
Region 4 3.73 (2.82 - 4.93) 4.48 (3.45 - 5.80) 0.210
Region 5 3.58b (2.60 - 4.90) 4.54 (3.43 - 5.99) 0.097
Region 6 4.51 (3.38 - 6.00) 4.75 (3.69 - 6.09) 0.697
Region 7 4.77 (3.54 - 6.40) 4.67 (3.57 - 6.09) 0.880
Missouri 4.92 (4.17 - 5.78) 4.21 (3.50 - 5.05) 0.116
Central 5.48 (4.23 - 7.07) 4.51 (3.49 - 5.80) 0.158
Eastern 4.78 (3.83 - 5.95) 4.04 (3.23 - 5.04) 0.170
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 4.56 (3.45 - 5.99) 3.92 (3.01 - 5.09) 0.306
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 5.24 (3.98 - 6.87) 4.26 (3.26 - 5.55) 0.134
Northwest 5.03 (4.00 - 6.31) 4.14 (3.28 - 5.22) 0.112
Northwest (Jackson) 5.47a (4.13 - 7.21) 4.02 (3.00 - 5.35) 0.034
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 4.64 (3.42 - 6.26) 4.25 (3.22 - 5.58) 0.568
Southeast 4.65 (3.49 - 6.16) 4.32 (3.28 - 5.68) 0.614
Southwest 4.75 (3.66 - 6.16) 4.32 (3.33 - 5.58) 0.493
Montana 4.44a (3.73 - 5.26) 3.46 (2.81 - 4.25) 0.022
Region 1 4.08 (2.97 - 5.59) 3.17 (2.30 - 4.36) 0.103
Region 2 4.28 (3.20 - 5.70) 3.46 (2.60 - 4.58) 0.163
Region 3 4.28b (3.24 - 5.63) 3.29 (2.48 - 4.34) 0.070
Region 4 4.26 (3.34 - 5.41) 3.64 (2.78 - 4.74) 0.260
Region 5 4.87a (3.81 - 6.21) 3.50 (2.70 - 4.53) 0.021
Nebraska 3.47 (2.85 - 4.22) 3.61 (2.97 - 4.38) 0.722
Regions 1 and 2 3.31 (2.35 - 4.63) 3.59 (2.76 - 4.66) 0.591
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.48 (2.57 - 4.70) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 3.69 (2.69 - 5.02) --
Region 3 3.75 (2.73 - 5.13) 3.46 (2.64 - 4.54) 0.611
Region 4 3.15 (2.29 - 4.33) 3.47 (2.59 - 4.65) 0.520
Region 5 3.64 (2.80 - 4.71) 3.73 (2.90 - 4.78) 0.864
Region 6 3.41 (2.63 - 4.42) 3.62 (2.83 - 4.62) 0.689
Nevada1 5.76 (4.72 - 7.02) 5.20 (4.26 - 6.33) 0.378
Clark – Region 1 5.95 (4.75 - 7.43) 5.37 (4.29 - 6.70) 0.431
Region 3 4.86 (3.56 - 6.61) 4.71 (3.63 - 6.08) 0.820
Capital District -- (-- - --) 4.56 (3.35 - 6.19) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 4.84 (3.57 - 6.52) --
Washoe – Region 2 5.74 (4.25 - 7.71) 4.83 (3.71 - 6.26) 0.257
New Hampshire 5.13b (4.37 - 6.02) 4.32 (3.62 - 5.14) 0.079
Central 5.47b (4.40 - 6.77) 4.44 (3.60 - 5.47) 0.067
Central 1 5.19 (4.01 - 6.69) 4.57 (3.55 - 5.85) 0.336
Central 2 5.73a (4.33 - 7.55) 4.32 (3.33 - 5.60) 0.046
Northern 5.35b (4.10 - 6.95) 4.11 (3.14 - 5.37) 0.054
Southern 4.93 (4.07 - 5.95) 4.30 (3.51 - 5.25) 0.240
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 4.71 (3.60 - 6.13) 4.02 (3.11 - 5.20) 0.290
Southern 2 5.06 (4.05 - 6.30) 4.47 (3.54 - 5.63) 0.343
New Jersey 3.57 (2.92 - 4.36) 3.92 (3.23 - 4.75) 0.400
Central 3.75 (2.80 - 5.00) 4.05 (3.10 - 5.29) 0.600
Metropolitan 3.36 (2.48 - 4.53) 3.58 (2.73 - 4.69) 0.667
Northern 3.39 (2.58 - 4.45) 4.00 (3.08 - 5.18) 0.261
Southern 3.91 (2.95 - 5.17) 4.02 (3.11 - 5.19) 0.830
New Mexico 5.45 (4.52 - 6.56) 4.84 (3.98 - 5.87) 0.282
Region 1 4.86 (3.64 - 6.45) 4.44 (3.39 - 5.81) 0.547
Region 2 5.49 (3.98 - 7.54) 4.37 (3.23 - 5.89) 0.160
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 5.51 (4.22 - 7.16) 5.07 (3.91 - 6.54) 0.567
Region 4 5.50 (4.11 - 7.34) 4.99 (3.83 - 6.49) 0.496
Region 5 5.87 (4.48 - 7.65) 5.12 (3.92 - 6.66) 0.352
New York 3.95 (3.53 - 4.43) 3.87 (3.41 - 4.38) 0.778
Region A 3.51 (2.98 - 4.14) 3.83 (3.27 - 4.49) 0.380
Region 1 3.45 (2.54 - 4.68) 3.84 (3.05 - 4.82) 0.481
Region 2 3.37 (2.67 - 4.25) 3.93 (3.16 - 4.87) 0.235
Region 3 4.93 (3.80 - 6.39) 4.27 (3.33 - 5.46) 0.305
Region 4 2.72 (2.05 - 3.61) 3.38 (2.61 - 4.37) 0.175
Region B -- (-- - --) 3.72 (3.15 - 4.38) --
Region 5 4.39 (3.54 - 5.44) 3.73 (3.00 - 4.63) 0.188
Region 6 3.39 (2.61 - 4.40) 3.52 (2.78 - 4.47) 0.772
Region 7 4.03 (3.11 - 5.20) 3.98 (3.12 - 5.06) 0.925
Region C -- (-- - --) 4.02 (3.49 - 4.61) --
Region 8 4.03 (3.19 - 5.07) 3.91 (3.08 - 4.95) 0.827
Region 9 4.70 (3.74 - 5.90) 3.88 (3.10 - 4.85) 0.132
Region 10 4.60 (3.64 - 5.79) 4.42 (3.43 - 5.66) 0.763
Region 11 4.01 (3.13 - 5.12) 3.99 (3.21 - 4.96) 0.977
Region 12 4.64 (3.70 - 5.81) 4.09 (3.28 - 5.08) 0.317
Region D 4.67 (3.94 - 5.52) 4.10 (3.44 - 4.87) 0.189
Region 13 4.63 (3.50 - 6.12) 3.86 (3.02 - 4.92) 0.184
Region 14 4.12 (3.17 - 5.34) 4.11 (3.19 - 5.29) 0.987
Region 15 5.22 (4.01 - 6.76) 4.29 (3.37 - 5.46) 0.164
North Carolina 4.78 (3.99 - 5.72) 4.57 (3.81 - 5.48) 0.655
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 1 -- (-- - --) 4.61 (3.51 - 6.02) --
Alliance Behavioral Healthcare 2 -- (-- - --) 4.14 (3.11 - 5.49) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 1 -- (-- - --) 4.35 (3.25 - 5.80) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 2 -- (-- - --) 4.55 (3.41 - 6.06) --
Cardinal Innovations Healthcare Solutions 3 -- (-- - --) 4.55 (3.45 - 5.99) --
CenterPoint Human Services -- (-- - --) 4.40 (3.31 - 5.84) --
Eastpointe -- (-- - --) 4.42 (3.31 - 5.88) --
Partners Behavioral Health Management -- (-- - --) 5.06 (3.83 - 6.66) --
Sandhills Center 1 -- (-- - --) 4.32 (3.20 - 5.81) --
Sandhills Center 2 -- (-- - --) 4.70 (3.53 - 6.24) --
Smoky Mountain Center 1 -- (-- - --) 4.43 (3.26 - 6.00) --
Smoky Mountain Center 2 -- (-- - --) 4.86 (3.59 - 6.56) --
Trillium Health Resources 1 -- (-- - --) 4.66 (3.48 - 6.21) --
Trillium Health Resources 2 -- (-- - --) 4.99 (3.78 - 6.56) --
North Dakota 3.73 (3.03 - 4.59) 3.69 (3.05 - 4.48) 0.927
Badlands and West Central 3.43 (2.50 - 4.70) 3.54 (2.68 - 4.65) 0.851
Lake Region -- (-- - --) 3.00 (2.21 - 4.07) --
North Central -- (-- - --) 3.80 (2.86 - 5.03) --
Northeast 4.39 (3.25 - 5.91) 4.21 (3.25 - 5.43) 0.771
Northwest -- (-- - --) 3.66 (2.70 - 4.93) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 3.51 (2.59 - 4.75) --
Southeast 3.64 (2.71 - 4.88) 3.76 (2.92 - 4.82) 0.838
Ohio 4.73 (4.29 - 5.21) 4.98 (4.46 - 5.55) 0.453
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 4.65 (3.67 - 5.87) 4.87 (3.80 - 6.22) 0.713
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.22 (3.27 - 5.44) 4.98 (3.91 - 6.31) 0.196
Boards 4 and 78 4.96 (3.84 - 6.38) 5.27 (4.07 - 6.80) 0.652
Boards 5 and 60 5.07 (3.93 - 6.52) 5.80 (4.57 - 7.33) 0.305
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 4.47 (3.47 - 5.73) 4.98 (3.93 - 6.29) 0.405
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.26 (4.12 - 6.68) 4.73 (3.71 - 6.00) 0.417
Board 9 (Butler) 5.68 (4.40 - 7.30) 5.15 (4.03 - 6.58) 0.457
Board 12 5.07 (3.92 - 6.55) 5.07 (3.98 - 6.44) 0.997
Boards 18 and 47 4.13 (3.33 - 5.11) 4.60 (3.76 - 5.62) 0.370
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 4.27 (3.27 - 5.54) 4.39 (3.41 - 5.65) 0.828
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 4.51 (3.52 - 5.76) 4.93 (3.90 - 6.21) 0.487
Boards 22, 74, and 87 4.16 (3.19 - 5.42) 4.76 (3.75 - 6.04) 0.303
Boards 23 and 45 5.06 (3.98 - 6.41) 4.62 (3.63 - 5.86) 0.461
Board 25 (Franklin) 5.49 (4.50 - 6.69) 5.58 (4.54 - 6.85) 0.889
Boards 27, 71, and 73 5.13 (4.07 - 6.45) 5.41 (4.23 - 6.90) 0.681
Boards 28, 43, and 67 4.69 (3.71 - 5.90) 5.02 (3.96 - 6.36) 0.596
Board 31 (Hamilton) 4.52 (3.57 - 5.72) 4.76 (3.80 - 5.95) 0.679
Board 48 (Lucas) 4.62 (3.59 - 5.93) 5.15 (4.05 - 6.53) 0.404
Boards 50 and 76 4.96 (3.86 - 6.34) 4.83 (3.81 - 6.10) 0.834
Board 57 (Montgomery) 5.24 (4.09 - 6.69) 5.10 (4.03 - 6.43) 0.826
Board 77 (Summit) 4.12 (3.24 - 5.23) 4.82 (3.79 - 6.10) 0.234
Oklahoma 5.49 (4.65 - 6.48) 5.31 (4.43 - 6.35) 0.733
Central 6.25 (4.80 - 8.10) 5.65 (4.32 - 7.35) 0.470
East Central 5.06 (3.74 - 6.80) 4.88 (3.69 - 6.42) 0.802
Northeast 5.39 (4.08 - 7.08) 4.96 (3.78 - 6.49) 0.557
Northwest and Southwest 4.97 (3.70 - 6.64) 5.76 (4.40 - 7.50) 0.294
Oklahoma County 5.58 (4.24 - 7.32) 5.18 (4.02 - 6.65) 0.599
Southeast 5.74 (4.35 - 7.54) 5.11 (3.91 - 6.67) 0.426
Tulsa County 5.54 (4.23 - 7.22) 5.55 (4.28 - 7.16) 0.994
Oregon 5.60 (4.75 - 6.58) 5.10 (4.26 - 6.10) 0.360
Region 1 (Multnomah) 6.39 (4.96 - 8.19) 5.53 (4.25 - 7.17) 0.306
Region 2 5.51 (4.32 - 7.01) 4.83 (3.75 - 6.22) 0.335
Region 3 5.02 (3.89 - 6.46) 5.18 (4.10 - 6.54) 0.824
Region 4 6.36 (4.90 - 8.23) 5.01 (3.81 - 6.57) 0.102
Region 5 (Central) -- (-- - --) 4.90 (3.69 - 6.47) --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.54 - 6.37) --
Pennsylvania1 3.96 (3.57 - 4.40) 3.87 (3.46 - 4.33) 0.737
Region 1 (Allegheny) 4.14 (3.33 - 5.14) 4.21 (3.38 - 5.23) 0.893
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- (-- - --) 4.08 (3.24 - 5.12) --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.65 (2.84 - 4.67) 3.77 (3.02 - 4.71) 0.790
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 3.93 (3.13 - 4.93) 3.42 (2.71 - 4.31) 0.257
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- (-- - --) 3.91 (3.11 - 4.91) --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.67 (3.02 - 4.45) 3.66 (3.02 - 4.44) 0.986
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- (-- - --) 3.47 (2.71 - 4.44) --
Regions 17 and 21 4.79 (3.70 - 6.19) 4.01 (3.19 - 5.04) 0.174
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 3.23 (2.55 - 4.08) 3.61 (2.91 - 4.47) 0.398
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.09 (3.21 - 5.20) 3.46 (2.73 - 4.36) 0.196
Regions 29 and 34 3.65 (2.82 - 4.71) 4.06 (3.21 - 5.12) 0.406
Regions 30 and 50 -- (-- - --) 3.96 (3.13 - 5.00) --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.47 (3.59 - 5.55) 4.57 (3.72 - 5.61) 0.852
Rhode Island 5.97a (5.05 - 7.05) 4.57 (3.78 - 5.52) 0.009
Bristol and Newport 6.20a (4.63 - 8.26) 4.34 (3.26 - 5.76) 0.014
Kent 6.27a (4.82 - 8.12) 4.06 (3.06 - 5.37) 0.002
Providence 5.76 (4.68 - 7.07) 4.78 (3.84 - 5.93) 0.128
Washington 6.39a (4.88 - 8.33) 4.45 (3.37 - 5.85) 0.008
South Carolina 4.95 (4.15 - 5.90) 4.35 (3.63 - 5.19) 0.202
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 4.31 (3.39 - 5.46) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 4.46 (3.51 - 5.64) --
Region 3 4.56 (3.35 - 6.19) 4.19 (3.23 - 5.43) 0.563
Region 4 5.07 (3.84 - 6.66) 4.40 (3.45 - 5.59) 0.309
South Dakota 3.25 (2.63 - 4.01) 3.50 (2.88 - 4.24) 0.530
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.26 (2.50 - 4.24) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 3.30 (2.46 - 4.41) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.55 (2.73 - 4.60) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 3.73 (2.86 - 4.84) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 3.60 (2.78 - 4.66) --
Tennessee 4.67 (3.93 - 5.55) 4.18 (3.50 - 4.99) 0.245
Region 1 5.79a (4.25 - 7.84) 4.19 (3.13 - 5.59) 0.033
Region 2 5.75a (4.34 - 7.59) 4.23 (3.24 - 5.49) 0.030
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.97 (3.07 - 5.11) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 4.97 (3.72 - 6.61) 4.38 (3.35 - 5.71) 0.377
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.26 (3.32 - 5.45) --
Region 6 4.40 (3.25 - 5.94) 4.01 (3.04 - 5.28) 0.524
Region 7 (Shelby) 3.50 (2.57 - 4.75) 4.19 (3.21 - 5.47) 0.212
Texas 4.74b (4.31 - 5.21) 4.19 (3.77 - 4.64) 0.056
Region 1 5.14 (4.06 - 6.49) 4.50 (3.61 - 5.60) 0.284
Region 2 5.27 (4.10 - 6.76) 4.39 (3.44 - 5.60) 0.151
Region 3 4.78b (4.14 - 5.51) 4.10 (3.53 - 4.75) 0.078
Region 3a 4.68 (3.93 - 5.56) 4.05 (3.38 - 4.85) 0.171
Region 3bc 4.96 (3.99 - 6.16) 4.19 (3.39 - 5.16) 0.169
Region 4 5.17b (4.07 - 6.55) 4.07 (3.25 - 5.09) 0.055
Region 5 5.13 (3.99 - 6.57) 4.17 (3.28 - 5.29) 0.101
Region 6 4.18 (3.53 - 4.94) 3.92 (3.30 - 4.65) 0.528
Region 6a 4.08 (3.39 - 4.90) 3.91 (3.24 - 4.70) 0.696
Region 6bc 5.01b (3.87 - 6.46) 4.05 (3.17 - 5.16) 0.100
Region 7 5.78a (4.89 - 6.82) 4.65 (3.90 - 5.52) 0.031
Region 7a 5.99b (4.81 - 7.44) 4.70 (3.76 - 5.86) 0.061
Region 7bcd 5.46 (4.38 - 6.80) 4.55 (3.65 - 5.65) 0.133
Region 8 4.48 (3.54 - 5.65) 4.52 (3.66 - 5.55) 0.944
Region 9 4.98 (3.81 - 6.50) 4.39 (3.46 - 5.56) 0.346
Region 10 4.57 (3.41 - 6.10) 4.10 (3.24 - 5.17) 0.447
Region 11 4.32 (3.50 - 5.32) 4.02 (3.33 - 4.84) 0.514
Region 11abd 4.40 (3.39 - 5.69) 4.03 (3.20 - 5.06) 0.502
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 4.15 (3.12 - 5.51) 4.00 (3.16 - 5.05) 0.786
Utah 5.88a (5.03 - 6.87) 4.06 (3.39 - 4.85) 0.000
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 6.06a (4.58 - 7.97) 3.91 (2.97 - 5.14) 0.004
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.82 (3.54 - 6.55) 4.02 (3.06 - 5.26) 0.227
Davis County 5.32b (3.99 - 7.05) 4.03 (3.09 - 5.24) 0.059
Salt Lake County 6.33a (5.11 - 7.81) 3.88 (3.08 - 4.89) 0.000
Utah County 5.74b (4.44 - 7.39) 4.38 (3.43 - 5.59) 0.061
Weber, Morgan 5.98b (4.46 - 7.98) 4.43 (3.32 - 5.89) 0.051
Vermont 5.25a (4.44 - 6.20) 3.49 (2.87 - 4.23) 0.000
Champlain Valley 5.63a (4.60 - 6.89) 3.66 (2.88 - 4.63) 0.001
Rural Northeast 4.87a (3.75 - 6.31) 3.39 (2.58 - 4.43) 0.011
Rural Southeast 4.25 (3.12 - 5.76) 3.32 (2.49 - 4.42) 0.123
Rural Southwest 6.19a (4.66 - 8.17) 3.41 (2.58 - 4.50) 0.000
Virginia 4.30 (3.59 - 5.14) 4.61 (3.88 - 5.48) 0.487
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 5.08 (3.94 - 6.53) --
Region 2 4.12 (3.07 - 5.50) 4.27 (3.30 - 5.49) 0.813
Region 3 5.16 (3.96 - 6.69) 4.47 (3.46 - 5.76) 0.276
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 4.97 (3.82 - 6.46) --
Region 5 4.03 (3.05 - 5.31) 4.56 (3.55 - 5.84) 0.401
Washington1 6.00a (5.07 - 7.08) 4.68 (3.93 - 5.57) 0.015
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 4.57 (3.65 - 5.72) --
Greater Columbia and North Central -- (-- - --) 4.50 (3.43 - 5.87) --
Spokane -- (-- - --) 4.68 (3.55 - 6.14) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 4.75 (3.86 - 5.84) --
King 6.06b (4.70 - 7.79) 4.67 (3.64 - 5.97) 0.071
North Sound 6.12 (4.71 - 7.90) 4.89 (3.75 - 6.36) 0.124
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.66 (3.81 - 5.70) --
Peninsula -- (-- - --) 4.65 (3.46 - 6.24) --
Pierce -- (-- - --) 4.76 (3.68 - 6.12) --
SW WA and Timberlands -- (-- - --) 4.60 (3.47 - 6.07) --
Thurston-Mason -- (-- - --) 4.57 (3.40 - 6.10) --
West Virginia1 5.65a (4.83 - 6.61) 3.89 (3.24 - 4.67) 0.000
Region I 5.44a (4.12 - 7.15) 3.70 (2.75 - 4.95) 0.006
Region II -- (-- - --) 3.95 (3.00 - 5.20) --
Region III 5.05b (3.70 - 6.85) 3.82 (2.86 - 5.08) 0.065
Region IV -- (-- - --) 4.26 (3.34 - 5.42) --
Region V -- (-- - --) 3.72 (2.90 - 4.75) --
Region VI -- (-- - --) 3.81 (2.91 - 4.96) --
Wisconsin 4.74 (3.97 - 5.63) 4.38 (3.63 - 5.27) 0.453
Milwaukee 4.97 (3.68 - 6.67) 5.02 (3.80 - 6.60) 0.945
Northeastern 4.81 (3.70 - 6.23) 4.08 (3.11 - 5.32) 0.250
Northern 4.24 (3.10 - 5.78) 4.06 (2.99 - 5.49) 0.779
Southeastern 4.80 (3.62 - 6.33) 4.35 (3.29 - 5.74) 0.527
Southern -- (-- - --) 4.30 (3.28 - 5.61) --
Western -- (-- - --) 4.44 (3.45 - 5.69) --
Wyoming 4.99a (4.22 - 5.90) 3.58 (2.93 - 4.36) 0.001
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.77a (3.54 - 6.38) 3.33 (2.51 - 4.39) 0.022
Judicial District 2 5.65 (4.34 - 7.32) 4.52 (3.44 - 5.93) 0.120
Judicial District 3 4.93a (3.73 - 6.49) 3.38 (2.56 - 4.47) 0.008
Judicial District 4 4.94a (3.65 - 6.66) 3.39 (2.48 - 4.61) 0.017
Judicial District 5 4.25b (3.19 - 5.66) 3.26 (2.40 - 4.42) 0.080
Judicial District 6 4.84b (3.64 - 6.40) 3.73 (2.80 - 4.95) 0.083
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 5.39a (4.07 - 7.10) 3.87 (2.92 - 5.12) 0.022
Judicial District 8 4.62a (3.37 - 6.30) 3.37 (2.50 - 4.54) 0.038
Judicial District 9 5.39a (3.96 - 7.29) 3.42 (2.53 - 4.61) 0.004
160414
Table 8 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2012-2014
(Estimate)
2012-2014
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2012-2014); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Substate, state, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes significance levels for the null hypothesis of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 and 2012-2014 population percentages is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this state have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2012-2014). For details, see the "2012-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Total United States 50.38a (49.92 - 50.84) 52.32 (51.88 - 52.76) 0.000
Northeast 55.21a (54.26 - 56.16) 57.75 (56.93 - 58.55) 0.000
Midwest 53.23a (52.50 - 53.96) 55.24 (54.58 - 55.89) 0.000
South 45.61a (44.87 - 46.35) 48.57 (47.96 - 49.18) 0.000
West 51.00 (50.00 - 51.99) 51.41 (50.58 - 52.24) 0.526
Alabama 37.88a (35.20 - 40.65) 44.05 (41.43 - 46.71) 0.001
Region 1 35.60 (31.16 - 40.29) 39.10 (34.56 - 43.82) 0.194
Region 2 40.26a (36.14 - 44.51) 46.22 (42.12 - 50.38) 0.019
Region 3 36.93a (32.18 - 41.95) 43.45 (38.89 - 48.12) 0.015
Region 4 38.11a (34.02 - 42.38) 47.71 (42.88 - 52.58) 0.000
Alaska 49.77a (46.97 - 52.57) 53.93 (51.32 - 56.52) 0.020
Anchorage -- (-- - --) 57.00 (53.26 - 60.67) --
Northern -- (-- - --) 49.52 (44.52 - 54.52) --
South Central -- (-- - --) 51.92 (47.17 - 56.64) --
Southeast 52.56 (46.51 - 58.54) 56.16 (50.84 - 61.34) 0.226
Arizona 50.79 (47.95 - 53.63) 51.87 (49.15 - 54.58) 0.553
Maricopa 51.90b (48.48 - 55.29) 55.74 (52.34 - 59.08) 0.081
Pima 53.22 (47.72 - 58.64) 48.95 (43.51 - 54.41) 0.151
Rural North 49.13b (43.34 - 54.95) 43.46 (37.16 - 49.97) 0.067
Rural South 43.56 (37.01 - 50.33) 45.30 (39.50 - 51.23) 0.584
Arkansas1 38.39b (35.77 - 41.08) 41.43 (38.98 - 43.92) 0.068
Catchment Area 1 -- (-- - --) 44.62 (39.61 - 49.75) --
Catchment Area 2 35.13 (29.50 - 41.20) 39.60 (34.50 - 44.94) 0.135
Catchment Area 3 32.50 (27.72 - 37.67) 34.94 (30.07 - 40.14) 0.350
Catchment Area 4 -- (-- - --) 37.39 (32.12 - 42.98) --
Catchment Area 5 -- (-- - --) 46.11 (40.94 - 51.36) --
Catchment Area 6 -- (-- - --) 39.60 (33.88 - 45.62) --
Catchment Area 7 -- (-- - --) 36.38 (30.56 - 42.62) --
Catchment Area 8 45.55 (40.61 - 50.58) 45.28 (39.98 - 50.68) 0.922
California 50.50 (48.97 - 52.02) 50.16 (48.86 - 51.46) 0.737
Region 1R -- (-- - --) 57.04 (51.53 - 62.38) --
Region 2R -- (-- - --) 58.27 (52.87 - 63.48) --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- (-- - --) 47.11 (42.55 - 51.72) --
Region 4R -- (-- - --) 55.92 (51.51 - 60.24) --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- (-- - --) 60.64 (54.13 - 66.79) --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 49.24 (44.45 - 54.04) 50.99 (46.34 - 55.62) 0.499
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- (-- - --) 56.56 (51.60 - 61.39) --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- (-- - --) 48.34 (43.36 - 53.36) --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- (-- - --) 55.29 (49.05 - 61.36) --
Region 10 56.15 (50.85 - 61.31) 56.40 (51.31 - 61.36) 0.920
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 44.85b (42.32 - 47.41) 47.64 (45.55 - 49.73) 0.076
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- (-- - --) 58.60 (53.00 - 63.99) --
LA SPA 2 -- (-- - --) 50.30 (46.05 - 54.54) --
LA SPA 3 -- (-- - --) 41.30 (36.46 - 46.32) --
LA SPA 4 -- (-- - --) 50.62 (45.27 - 55.95) --
LA SPA 6 -- (-- - --) 39.63 (34.32 - 45.20) --
LA SPA 7 -- (-- - --) 44.45 (39.72 - 49.28) --
LA SPA 8 -- (-- -