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Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Detailed Tables

190325
Table 2.1C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged
12-20
(2017)
Aged
12-20
(2018)
LIFETIME                        
Tobacco Products 844 854 88 85 804 806 187 183 763 772 216 192
Cigarettes 850 861 77 76 814 821 190 187 767 787 179 162
Daily Cigarettes 836 856 28 27 820 837 144 131 783 806 79 71
Smokeless Tobacco 570 588 53 50 565 581 145 130 540 562 103 92
Cigars 789 851 58 53 784 836 168 172 759 793 131 132
Pipe Tobacco 598 597 33 29 594 588 106 96 578 582 66 58
Alcohol 700 711 113 111 641 651 152 146 613 623 300 262
Binge Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
PAST YEAR                        
Tobacco Products1 757 793 73 67 746 782 175 161 709 749 171 153
Cigarettes 725 731 60 56 717 723 164 151 681 691 137 123
Daily Cigarettes -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Smokeless Tobacco 274 287 41 39 273 284 93 87 255 267 75 66
Cigars 400 429 50 44 397 423 132 132 367 390 105 104
Pipe Tobacco1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Alcohol 918 954 108 105 881 926 177 161 845 892 280 246
Binge Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
PAST MONTH                        
Tobacco Products 712 736 53 48 704 729 165 148 662 701 128 108
Cigarettes 673 677 43 39 666 672 150 133 631 644 102 89
Daily Cigarettes 523 537 14 14 521 533 101 87 501 520 46 44
Smokeless Tobacco 246 245 26 25 246 243 72 65 232 233 52 44
Cigars 305 317 33 31 302 315 98 94 283 294 74 70
Pipe Tobacco 143 123 19 15 141 122 50 47 131 113 39 33
Alcohol 911 1,005 76 72 901 979 206 194 857 924 210 189
Binge Alcohol Use2 729 703 55 55 724 696 195 175 678 670 159 141
Heavy Alcohol Use 366 394 19 17 364 391 116 115 337 369 69 63
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.1D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged
12-20
(2017)
Aged
12-20
(2018)
LIFETIME                        
Tobacco Products 0.31 0.31 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.55 0.54 0.36 0.36 0.45 0.42
Cigarettes 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.30 0.33 0.33 0.55 0.55 0.36 0.37 0.39 0.37
Daily Cigarettes 0.31 0.31 0.11 0.11 0.33 0.34 0.42 0.38 0.37 0.37 0.20 0.18
Smokeless Tobacco 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.23 0.23 0.42 0.38 0.25 0.26 0.25 0.23
Cigars 0.29 0.31 0.23 0.21 0.32 0.34 0.49 0.50 0.36 0.37 0.30 0.31
Pipe Tobacco 0.22 0.22 0.13 0.12 0.24 0.24 0.31 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.17 0.15
Alcohol 0.26 0.26 0.45 0.45 0.26 0.26 0.44 0.43 0.29 0.29 0.54 0.48
Binge Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
PAST YEAR                        
Tobacco Products1 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.30 0.31 0.51 0.47 0.33 0.35 0.37 0.36
Cigarettes 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.23 0.29 0.29 0.48 0.44 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.30
Daily Cigarettes -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Smokeless Tobacco 0.10 0.10 0.16 0.16 0.11 0.11 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 0.19 0.17
Cigars 0.15 0.16 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.17 0.38 0.39 0.17 0.18 0.25 0.25
Pipe Tobacco1 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Alcohol 0.34 0.35 0.43 0.42 0.36 0.37 0.52 0.47 0.40 0.42 0.54 0.48
Binge Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Heavy Alcohol Use -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
PAST MONTH                        
Tobacco Products 0.26 0.27 0.21 0.19 0.28 0.29 0.48 0.43 0.31 0.33 0.30 0.27
Cigarettes 0.25 0.25 0.17 0.16 0.27 0.27 0.44 0.39 0.30 0.30 0.25 0.22
Daily Cigarettes 0.19 0.20 0.05 0.06 0.21 0.21 0.29 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.12 0.11
Smokeless Tobacco 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.21 0.19 0.11 0.11 0.14 0.11
Cigars 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.29 0.27 0.13 0.14 0.19 0.18
Pipe Tobacco 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.14 0.14 0.06 0.05 0.10 0.09
Alcohol 0.33 0.37 0.30 0.29 0.36 0.39 0.60 0.57 0.40 0.43 0.47 0.42
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.27 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.28 0.57 0.51 0.32 0.31 0.37 0.33
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.13 0.14 0.08 0.07 0.15 0.16 0.34 0.34 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.16
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.1P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged
12-20
(2017)
Aged
12-20
(2018)
LIFETIME                        
Tobacco Products 0.0042   0.0023   0.0056   0.0001   0.0503   0.0020  
Cigarettes 0.0007   0.0096   0.0006   0.0000   0.0145   0.0027  
Daily Cigarettes 0.0561   0.5269   0.0461   0.0011   0.1117   0.1403  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0505   0.0418   0.0694   0.0347   0.1873   0.0764  
Cigars 0.7302   0.0005   0.8825   0.2415   0.9196   0.0099  
Pipe Tobacco 0.5406   0.0756   0.5817   0.1506   0.7397   0.0651  
Alcohol 0.8530   0.2019   0.9145   0.0133   0.6750   0.0807  
Binge Alcohol Use --   --   --   --   --   --  
Heavy Alcohol Use --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST YEAR                        
Tobacco Products1 0.0517   0.0003   0.0982   0.0000   0.5576   0.0002  
Cigarettes 0.1843   0.0161   0.2413   0.0000   0.9607   0.0013  
Daily Cigarettes --   --   --   --   --   --  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0245   0.0340   0.0509   0.0647   0.1835   0.0107  
Cigars 0.2549   0.0023   0.4313   0.1310   0.8301   0.0159  
Pipe Tobacco1 --   --   --   --   --   --  
Alcohol 0.6611   0.0706   0.7567   0.1532   0.9777   0.1183  
Binge Alcohol Use --   --   --   --   --   --  
Heavy Alcohol Use --   --   --   --   --   --  
PAST MONTH                        
Tobacco Products 0.0067   0.0213   0.0092   0.0000   0.1271   0.0019  
Cigarettes 0.0306   0.0461   0.0364   0.0000   0.3338   0.0005  
Daily Cigarettes 0.3951   0.8948   0.3740   0.0002   0.7900   0.0760  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0477   0.1131   0.0685   0.2064   0.1399   0.2962  
Cigars 0.3569   0.1432   0.4343   0.1583   0.7696   0.1634  
Pipe Tobacco 0.1621   0.0811   0.2343   0.5614   0.1521   0.4066  
Alcohol 0.1885   0.0301   0.2242   0.0987   0.3676   0.1521  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.9846   0.0757   0.9028   0.0063   0.3489   0.2497  
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.6226   0.0941   0.6645   0.1993   0.9914   0.4172  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.2C – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 844 854 757 793 712 736
12-20 216 192 171 153 128 108
21 or Older 1,628 1,594 878 898 795 805
12-17 88 85 73 67 53 48
12-13 27 27 19 17 10 11
14-15 51 50 39 38 24 24
16-17 75 68 63 55 46 40
16-25 381 359 285 260 221 198
18 or Older 804 806 746 782 704 729
18-25 187 183 175 161 165 148
18-20 186 166 147 133 114 96
21-25 285 276 215 190 180 155
26 or Older 763 772 709 749 662 701
26-49 412 448 417 442 405 416
26-29 328 328 242 244 209 208
30-34 339 345 239 246 209 216
35-39 362 355 236 237 214 217
40-44 316 329 196 203 180 187
45-49 321 317 209 200 193 184
50 or Older 651 644 536 558 501 516
50-54 501 488 300 316 271 289
55-59 502 484 330 294 300 267
60-64 458 490 244 250 231 238
65 or Older 440 441 308 316 292 300
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.2D – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.31 0.31 0.28 0.29 0.26 0.27
12-20 0.45 0.42 0.37 0.36 0.30 0.27
21 or Older 0.33 0.33 0.32 0.33 0.30 0.31
12-17 0.35 0.34 0.29 0.27 0.21 0.19
12-13 0.34 0.33 0.23 0.21 0.13 0.14
14-15 0.55 0.57 0.44 0.45 0.28 0.29
16-17 0.72 0.70 0.64 0.59 0.51 0.44
16-25 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.41 0.41 0.37
18 or Older 0.33 0.32 0.30 0.31 0.28 0.29
18-25 0.55 0.54 0.51 0.47 0.48 0.43
18-20 0.88 0.81 0.79 0.74 0.73 0.60
21-25 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.61 0.62 0.58
26 or Older 0.36 0.36 0.33 0.35 0.31 0.33
26-49 0.41 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.40 0.41
26-29 0.93 0.89 0.98 0.99 0.91 0.92
30-34 0.76 0.80 0.84 0.85 0.81 0.80
35-39 0.88 0.87 0.87 0.88 0.85 0.86
40-44 0.86 0.95 0.86 0.90 0.83 0.85
45-49 0.89 0.92 0.87 0.85 0.83 0.80
50 or Older 0.58 0.57 0.48 0.49 0.44 0.45
50-54 1.31 1.31 1.21 1.27 1.13 1.22
55-59 1.20 1.23 1.25 1.21 1.19 1.11
60-64 1.32 1.30 1.09 1.12 1.05 1.08
65 or Older 0.89 0.86 0.62 0.62 0.59 0.59
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.2P – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0042   0.0517   0.0067  
12-20 0.0020   0.0002   0.0019  
21 or Older 0.0150   0.2067   0.0226  
12-17 0.0023   0.0003   0.0213  
12-13 0.3013   0.3911   0.5287  
14-15 0.1512   0.0612   0.8150  
16-17 0.0062   0.0025   0.0054  
16-25 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000  
18 or Older 0.0056   0.0982   0.0092  
18-25 0.0001   0.0000   0.0000  
18-20 0.0113   0.0039   0.0066  
21-25 0.0025   0.0007   0.0000  
26 or Older 0.0503   0.5576   0.1271  
26-49 0.6134   0.8702   0.3569  
26-29 0.6426   0.4418   0.5831  
30-34 0.8473   0.1426   0.2435  
35-39 0.7544   0.7692   0.8420  
40-44 0.8315   0.6176   0.3318  
45-49 0.1618   0.4650   0.1386  
50 or Older 0.0595   0.5781   0.2415  
50-54 0.5661   0.1832   0.3926  
55-59 0.0687   0.0204   0.0070  
60-64 0.5257   0.9511   0.6369  
65 or Older 0.3909   0.8436   0.8432  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.3C – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 850 861 725 731 673 677
12-20 179 162 137 123 102 89
21 or Older 1,535 1,499 812 794 732 726
12-17 77 76 60 56 43 39
12-13 23 21 15 14 7 9
14-15 42 45 30 34 20 21
16-17 66 58 52 43 38 32
16-25 333 308 239 212 186 166
18 or Older 814 821 717 723 666 672
18-25 190 187 164 151 150 133
18-20 156 142 119 109 92 80
21-25 259 243 192 163 156 132
26 or Older 767 787 681 691 631 644
26-49 425 455 401 405 380 381
26-29 309 303 207 215 185 187
30-34 314 322 210 223 185 195
35-39 343 335 217 206 195 192
40-44 302 323 178 185 166 171
45-49 313 297 182 176 172 167
50 or Older 643 669 504 509 474 470
50-54 472 471 264 277 251 257
55-59 487 469 296 262 265 243
60-64 446 479 218 220 208 208
65 or Older 441 462 278 279 270 269
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.3D – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.31 0.31 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.25
12-20 0.39 0.37 0.32 0.30 0.25 0.22
21 or Older 0.34 0.34 0.30 0.30 0.28 0.28
12-17 0.31 0.30 0.24 0.23 0.17 0.16
12-13 0.29 0.27 0.19 0.17 0.08 0.11
14-15 0.47 0.51 0.34 0.39 0.23 0.25
16-17 0.68 0.63 0.56 0.48 0.42 0.36
16-25 0.49 0.47 0.41 0.38 0.36 0.33
18 or Older 0.33 0.33 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.27
18-25 0.55 0.55 0.48 0.44 0.44 0.39
18-20 0.84 0.79 0.72 0.67 0.62 0.54
21-25 0.66 0.68 0.63 0.59 0.59 0.53
26 or Older 0.36 0.37 0.32 0.32 0.30 0.30
26-49 0.42 0.45 0.40 0.40 0.38 0.38
26-29 0.95 0.94 0.92 0.94 0.86 0.89
30-34 0.79 0.81 0.78 0.82 0.74 0.75
35-39 0.89 0.87 0.84 0.80 0.80 0.79
40-44 0.91 0.99 0.82 0.83 0.77 0.78
45-49 0.95 0.97 0.81 0.78 0.78 0.75
50 or Older 0.57 0.59 0.45 0.45 0.42 0.41
50-54 1.33 1.38 1.12 1.16 1.08 1.11
55-59 1.30 1.30 1.18 1.11 1.09 1.03
60-64 1.39 1.40 0.99 1.00 0.96 0.96
65 or Older 0.89 0.90 0.56 0.54 0.54 0.53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.3P – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0007   0.1843   0.0306  
12-20 0.0027   0.0013   0.0005  
21 or Older 0.0018   0.4191   0.0801  
12-17 0.0096   0.0161   0.0461  
12-13 0.2377   0.4289   0.4594  
14-15 0.4317   0.5741   0.9410  
16-17 0.0156   0.0166   0.0107  
16-25 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000  
18 or Older 0.0006   0.2413   0.0364  
18-25 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000  
18-20 0.0104   0.0046   0.0011  
21-25 0.0001   0.0002   0.0000  
26 or Older 0.0145   0.9607   0.3338  
26-49 0.2600   0.5209   0.7742  
26-29 0.8696   0.1836   0.8195  
30-34 0.7635   0.6028   0.4396  
35-39 0.6394   0.6010   0.9057  
40-44 0.8630   0.9478   0.8218  
45-49 0.0912   0.8573   0.4742  
50 or Older 0.0442   0.6141   0.3171  
50-54 0.8408   0.3873   0.7530  
55-59 0.1868   0.1057   0.0849  
60-64 0.3671   0.9747   0.7900  
65 or Older 0.1660   0.9129   0.9335  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.4C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 570 588 274 287 246 245
12-20 103 92 75 66 52 44
21 or Older 646 655 269 284 240 245
12-17 53 50 41 39 26 25
12-13 14 15 10 10 6 7
14-15 29 28 21 21 12 12
16-17 41 40 32 31 23 21
16-25 173 159 103 97 78 70
18 or Older 565 581 273 284 246 243
18-25 145 130 93 87 72 65
18-20 83 79 60 55 43 39
21-25 133 127 74 74 59 57
26 or Older 540 562 255 267 232 233
26-49 346 348 186 182 155 161
26-29 159 163 95 81 74 68
30-34 175 170 94 84 77 71
35-39 178 180 88 92 74 76
40-44 173 167 72 81 66 77
45-49 183 179 89 71 81 64
50 or Older 436 455 181 192 173 175
50-54 247 267 87 104 80 100
55-59 234 250 99 103 97 86
60-64 195 215 76 81 72 60
65 or Older 253 246 108 107 101 99
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.4D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.21 0.21 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.09
12-20 0.25 0.23 0.19 0.17 0.14 0.11
21 or Older 0.24 0.24 0.11 0.12 0.10 0.10
12-17 0.21 0.20 0.16 0.16 0.10 0.10
12-13 0.18 0.19 0.12 0.13 0.07 0.09
14-15 0.34 0.33 0.25 0.25 0.14 0.14
16-17 0.45 0.45 0.36 0.35 0.26 0.24
16-25 0.35 0.32 0.23 0.22 0.18 0.16
18 or Older 0.23 0.23 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10
18-25 0.42 0.38 0.27 0.26 0.21 0.19
18-20 0.58 0.55 0.45 0.40 0.32 0.29
21-25 0.53 0.51 0.33 0.34 0.27 0.26
26 or Older 0.25 0.26 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11
26-49 0.34 0.35 0.19 0.18 0.15 0.16
26-29 0.78 0.78 0.51 0.44 0.40 0.37
30-34 0.71 0.65 0.42 0.37 0.35 0.31
35-39 0.74 0.72 0.40 0.41 0.34 0.34
40-44 0.75 0.76 0.36 0.41 0.34 0.39
45-49 0.79 0.80 0.43 0.36 0.39 0.32
50 or Older 0.39 0.40 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.15
50-54 1.05 1.16 0.40 0.50 0.37 0.48
55-59 0.97 1.06 0.44 0.47 0.44 0.39
60-64 0.90 0.96 0.38 0.39 0.36 0.29
65 or Older 0.51 0.48 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.4P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0505   0.0245   0.0477  
12-20 0.0764   0.0107   0.2962  
21 or Older 0.0880   0.1017   0.0708  
12-17 0.0418   0.0340   0.1131  
12-13 0.7581   0.5275   0.2948  
14-15 0.4112   0.3043   0.5187  
16-17 0.0286   0.0253   0.0648  
16-25 0.0095   0.0134   0.0804  
18 or Older 0.0694   0.0509   0.0685  
18-25 0.0347   0.0647   0.2064  
18-20 0.3472   0.0918   0.7785  
21-25 0.0484   0.2867   0.1833  
26 or Older 0.1873   0.1835   0.1399  
26-49 0.3043   0.0869   0.2001  
26-29 0.9337   0.0555   0.3232  
30-34 0.0606   0.3030   0.4743  
35-39 0.5304   0.8835   0.8608  
40-44 0.5208   0.2652   0.2901  
45-49 0.7169   0.0311   0.0312  
50 or Older 0.4204   0.8946   0.4377  
50-54 0.8600   0.9279   0.6896  
55-59 0.6078   0.6729   0.1386  
60-64 0.9939   0.6876   0.2471  
65 or Older 0.3628   0.6103   0.5584  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.5C – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 789 851 400 429 305 317
12-20 131 132 105 104 74 70
21 or Older 1,047 1,108 411 436 303 311
12-17 58 53 50 44 33 31
12-13 13 13 13 9 6 4
14-15 29 28 24 23 14 14
16-17 49 46 42 38 28 28
16-25 246 264 166 171 115 107
18 or Older 784 836 397 423 302 315
18-25 168 172 132 132 98 94
18-20 114 117 91 91 64 61
21-25 199 210 124 122 86 79
26 or Older 759 793 367 390 283 294
26-49 435 451 255 261 200 195
26-29 257 247 140 141 96 89
30-34 260 262 129 129 91 96
35-39 276 267 130 124 92 98
40-44 239 240 113 98 79 78
45-49 231 230 103 93 83 70
50 or Older 616 627 258 295 209 227
50-54 332 349 135 167 100 114
55-59 318 329 146 145 118 103
60-64 308 359 110 134 90 109
65 or Older 392 392 156 159 124 129
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.5D – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.29 0.31 0.15 0.16 0.11 0.12
12-20 0.30 0.31 0.25 0.25 0.19 0.18
21 or Older 0.33 0.35 0.17 0.18 0.13 0.13
12-17 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.13 0.13
12-13 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.11 0.07 0.06
14-15 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.27 0.17 0.17
16-17 0.52 0.50 0.46 0.42 0.32 0.32
16-25 0.42 0.44 0.32 0.33 0.24 0.23
18 or Older 0.32 0.34 0.16 0.17 0.12 0.13
18-25 0.49 0.50 0.38 0.39 0.29 0.27
18-20 0.68 0.69 0.60 0.57 0.47 0.42
21-25 0.64 0.67 0.48 0.49 0.36 0.35
26 or Older 0.36 0.37 0.17 0.18 0.13 0.14
26-49 0.43 0.45 0.25 0.26 0.20 0.19
26-29 0.99 0.95 0.66 0.70 0.50 0.47
30-34 0.85 0.85 0.55 0.54 0.41 0.42
35-39 0.92 0.93 0.59 0.54 0.43 0.44
40-44 0.95 0.92 0.54 0.49 0.39 0.39
45-49 0.89 0.94 0.49 0.47 0.40 0.36
50 or Older 0.55 0.55 0.23 0.26 0.19 0.20
50-54 1.31 1.37 0.62 0.78 0.47 0.55
55-59 1.19 1.26 0.65 0.65 0.53 0.47
60-64 1.28 1.39 0.54 0.63 0.44 0.52
65 or Older 0.79 0.77 0.31 0.31 0.25 0.25
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.5P – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.7302   0.2549   0.3569  
12-20 0.0099   0.0159   0.1634  
21 or Older 0.9856   0.5699   0.5378  
12-17 0.0005   0.0023   0.1432  
12-13 0.4733   0.1013   0.6303  
14-15 0.0777   0.1488   0.4125  
16-17 0.0025   0.0148   0.2377  
16-25 0.0628   0.0351   0.0964  
18 or Older 0.8825   0.4313   0.4343  
18-25 0.2415   0.1310   0.1583  
18-20 0.1645   0.2031   0.3264  
21-25 0.7278   0.3245   0.2894  
26 or Older 0.9196   0.8301   0.7696  
26-49 0.3270   0.5793   0.9656  
26-29 0.7814   0.7413   0.5151  
30-34 0.2357   0.7653   0.9449  
35-39 0.9557   0.8269   0.8806  
40-44 0.3979   0.7971   0.2377  
45-49 0.9169   0.6301   0.4363  
50 or Older 0.6152   0.7605   0.6834  
50-54 0.8970   0.2468   0.5949  
55-59 0.4621   0.3957   0.1841  
60-64 0.8917   0.2740   0.8150  
65 or Older 0.9627   0.6431   0.9542  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.6C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 700 711 918 954 911 1,005
12-20 300 262 280 246 210 189
21 or Older 1,886 1,881 1,679 1,703 1,445 1,532
12-17 113 111 108 105 76 72
12-13 40 39 33 29 19 12
14-15 70 75 63 68 40 39
16-17 106 104 98 93 66 66
16-25 515 464 493 443 402 383
18 or Older 641 651 881 926 901 979
18-25 152 146 177 161 206 194
18-20 259 215 241 205 193 168
21-25 362 354 351 338 305 307
26 or Older 613 623 845 892 857 924
26-49 291 288 389 382 451 436
26-29 394 395 360 377 328 332
30-34 397 397 378 375 333 332
35-39 408 401 374 367 339 315
40-44 371 374 338 344 312 310
45-49 372 362 341 328 308 295
50 or Older 510 528 710 754 704 773
50-54 569 551 504 504 441 460
55-59 556 565 501 493 443 425
60-64 507 552 451 485 400 436
65 or Older 373 375 505 512 488 521
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.6D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.26 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.37
12-20 0.54 0.48 0.54 0.48 0.47 0.42
21 or Older 0.26 0.27 0.37 0.39 0.37 0.40
12-17 0.45 0.45 0.43 0.42 0.30 0.29
12-13 0.49 0.48 0.41 0.36 0.23 0.15
14-15 0.71 0.75 0.66 0.71 0.45 0.44
16-17 0.85 0.82 0.87 0.80 0.69 0.67
16-25 0.45 0.42 0.51 0.46 0.56 0.52
18 or Older 0.26 0.26 0.36 0.37 0.36 0.39
18-25 0.44 0.43 0.52 0.47 0.60 0.57
18-20 0.88 0.80 0.93 0.84 0.96 0.87
21-25 0.45 0.43 0.53 0.49 0.68 0.66
26 or Older 0.29 0.29 0.40 0.42 0.40 0.43
26-49 0.29 0.29 0.39 0.38 0.45 0.43
26-29 0.58 0.56 0.76 0.75 0.94 0.95
30-34 0.54 0.57 0.75 0.74 0.89 0.82
35-39 0.61 0.57 0.80 0.76 0.89 0.84
40-44 0.68 0.65 0.86 0.88 0.98 1.00
45-49 0.63 0.64 0.88 0.90 0.95 1.00
50 or Older 0.45 0.46 0.63 0.66 0.63 0.68
50-54 0.95 1.00 1.20 1.29 1.27 1.43
55-59 0.81 0.93 1.23 1.29 1.30 1.35
60-64 0.99 1.01 1.29 1.36 1.38 1.43
65 or Older 0.75 0.73 1.02 1.00 0.98 1.02
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.6P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Lifetime
(2017)
Lifetime
(2018)
Past Year
(2017)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Month
(2017)
Past Month
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8530   0.6611   0.1885  
12-20 0.0807   0.1183   0.1521  
21 or Older 0.7782   0.8891   0.2657  
12-17 0.2019   0.0706   0.0301  
12-13 0.8356   0.1126   0.0280  
14-15 0.5398   0.5591   0.3841  
16-17 0.0257   0.0193   0.1299  
16-25 0.0026   0.0337   0.0506  
18 or Older 0.9145   0.7567   0.2242  
18-25 0.0133   0.1532   0.0987  
18-20 0.0319   0.2156   0.4098  
21-25 0.4038   0.7069   0.2538  
26 or Older 0.6750   0.9777   0.3676  
26-49 0.3031   0.8230   0.4573  
26-29 0.6356   0.6093   0.2680  
30-34 0.6481   0.0852   0.6503  
35-39 0.1187   0.1412   0.8900  
40-44 0.5345   0.7856   0.7861  
45-49 0.8417   0.9295   0.6223  
50 or Older 0.9501   0.9127   0.5689  
50-54 0.5550   0.1698   0.6928  
55-59 0.0496   0.3770   0.1815  
60-64 0.9747   0.9354   0.7753  
65 or Older 0.4968   0.8982   0.8099  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.7C – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Alcohol Use
(2017)
Alcohol Use
(2018)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2017)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2018)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2017)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2018)
TOTAL 911 1,005 729 703 366 394
12-20 210 189 159 141 69 63
21 or Older 1,445 1,532 854 839 377 411
12-17 76 72 55 55 19 17
12-13 19 12 11 7 1 3
14-15 40 39 27 28 6 6
16-17 66 66 47 50 19 16
16-25 402 383 303 272 133 134
18 or Older 901 979 724 696 364 391
18-25 206 194 195 175 116 115
18-20 193 168 145 127 66 60
21-25 305 307 235 226 110 108
26 or Older 857 924 678 670 337 369
26-49 451 436 433 390 215 218
26-29 328 332 239 241 106 103
30-34 333 332 242 236 103 109
35-39 339 315 234 213 104 116
40-44 312 310 210 216 97 96
45-49 308 295 222 200 101 90
50 or Older 704 773 521 523 268 297
50-54 441 460 276 310 147 148
55-59 443 425 263 299 151 156
60-64 400 436 240 276 118 139
65 or Older 488 521 297 286 145 136
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.7D – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Alcohol Use
(2017)
Alcohol Use
(2018)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2017)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2018)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2017)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.33 0.37 0.27 0.26 0.13 0.14
12-20 0.47 0.42 0.37 0.33 0.18 0.16
21 or Older 0.37 0.40 0.30 0.29 0.15 0.16
12-17 0.30 0.29 0.22 0.22 0.08 0.07
12-13 0.23 0.15 0.14 0.09 0.02 0.03
14-15 0.45 0.44 0.31 0.32 0.07 0.07
16-17 0.69 0.67 0.51 0.53 0.21 0.19
16-25 0.56 0.52 0.50 0.44 0.28 0.28
18 or Older 0.36 0.39 0.29 0.28 0.15 0.16
18-25 0.60 0.57 0.57 0.51 0.34 0.34
18-20 0.96 0.87 0.81 0.76 0.47 0.42
21-25 0.68 0.66 0.70 0.66 0.45 0.44
26 or Older 0.40 0.43 0.32 0.31 0.16 0.17
26-49 0.45 0.43 0.43 0.39 0.21 0.22
26-29 0.94 0.95 0.96 1.01 0.54 0.55
30-34 0.89 0.82 0.87 0.79 0.44 0.46
35-39 0.89 0.84 0.88 0.78 0.47 0.51
40-44 0.98 1.00 0.87 0.89 0.46 0.47
45-49 0.95 1.00 0.90 0.88 0.48 0.45
50 or Older 0.63 0.68 0.46 0.46 0.24 0.26
50-54 1.27 1.43 1.14 1.29 0.68 0.69
55-59 1.30 1.35 1.07 1.20 0.68 0.69
60-64 1.38 1.43 1.06 1.19 0.57 0.66
65 or Older 0.98 1.02 0.60 0.56 0.29 0.26
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.7P – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Alcohol Use
(2017)
Alcohol Use
(2018)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2017)
Binge Alcohol Use
(2018)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2017)
Heavy Alcohol Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1885   0.9846   0.6226  
12-20 0.1521   0.2497   0.4172  
21 or Older 0.2657   0.8222   0.7187  
12-17 0.0301   0.0757   0.0941  
12-13 0.0280   0.0473   0.3227  
14-15 0.3841   0.7298   0.9667  
16-17 0.1299   0.1254   0.0621  
16-25 0.0506   0.0030   0.1245  
18 or Older 0.2242   0.9028   0.6645  
18-25 0.0987   0.0063   0.1993  
18-20 0.4098   0.4956   0.6416  
21-25 0.2538   0.0061   0.2461  
26 or Older 0.3676   0.3489   0.9914  
26-49 0.4573   0.3945   0.8291  
26-29 0.2680   0.9841   0.2024  
30-34 0.6503   0.5641   0.2038  
35-39 0.8900   0.9557   0.3749  
40-44 0.7861   0.1564   0.9008  
45-49 0.6223   0.2871   0.3908  
50 or Older 0.5689   0.5749   0.9029  
50-54 0.6928   0.1139   0.8882  
55-59 0.1815   0.4735   0.8571  
60-64 0.7753   0.6081   0.2596  
65 or Older 0.8099   0.2908   0.4910  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.8C – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 844 854 88 85 804 806 187 183 763 772
GENDER                    
Male 529 510 67 62 502 478 121 124 481 457
Female 614 633 57 53 598 615 127 123 574 599
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 752 747 77 76 721 712 157 156 693 685
White 578 622 76 73 1,454 1,428 273 257 1,409 1,377
Black or African American 283 273 31 28 505 488 100 97 470 455
AIAN 95 108 8 6 92 106 19 21 86 103
NHOPI 82 98 * * 81 97 * * * 95
Asian 314 334 13 16 314 333 69 63 298 314
Two or More Races 201 197 14 15 201 196 41 37 194 191
Hispanic or Latino 368 351 44 40 354 341 95 86 338 326
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 515 481 90 91 496 475
High School Graduate da da da da 695 720 152 159 667 684
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 831 778 266 225 768 751
College Graduate da da da da 1,072 1,071 134 129 1,056 1,039
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,056 1,073 196 206 1,033 1,024
Part-Time da da da da 459 497 144 140 433 477
Unemployed da da da da 241 252 87 84 221 236
Other1 da da da da 930 908 159 147 912 903
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.8D – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.31 0.31 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.55 0.54 0.36 0.36
GENDER                    
Male 0.40 0.38 0.53 0.49 0.42 0.40 0.70 0.72 0.47 0.44
Female 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.47 0.48 0.74 0.73 0.52 0.54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.33 0.33 0.40 0.40 0.35 0.34 0.59 0.59 0.38 0.38
White 0.34 0.36 0.51 0.53 0.35 0.38 0.64 0.71 0.39 0.41
Black or African American 0.86 0.83 0.84 0.81 0.92 0.91 1.35 1.28 1.07 1.05
AIAN 2.19 3.22 4.22 3.49 2.24 3.76 3.90 4.35 2.52 4.28
NHOPI 5.16 4.64 * * 5.64 4.86 * * * 5.27
Asian 1.60 1.47 0.96 1.09 1.72 1.60 2.34 1.97 1.97 1.86
Two or More Races 1.88 1.73 1.57 1.81 2.06 1.77 2.73 2.49 2.50 2.09
Hispanic or Latino 0.81 0.75 0.74 0.65 0.89 0.84 1.25 1.12 1.05 0.99
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.91 0.98 1.32 1.26 1.04 1.12
High School Graduate da da da da 0.59 0.60 0.86 0.89 0.69 0.69
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.56 0.49 0.89 0.86 0.63 0.56
College Graduate da da da da 0.60 0.59 1.35 1.32 0.64 0.62
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.42 0.39 0.71 0.74 0.47 0.42
Part-Time da da da da 0.81 0.86 1.02 1.01 0.99 1.12
Unemployed da da da da 1.24 1.47 1.51 1.77 1.69 1.99
Other1 da da da da 0.63 0.62 1.26 1.19 0.67 0.66
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.8P – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0042   0.0023   0.0056   0.0001   0.0503  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0138   0.0014   0.0230   0.0007   0.1223  
Female 0.0816   0.3138   0.0798   0.0095   0.2041  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1137   0.0092   0.1389   0.0041   0.3600  
White 0.0255   0.0275   0.0288   0.0106   0.0819  
Black or African American 0.8943   0.2913   0.8510   0.1884   0.6478  
AIAN 0.4795   0.1205   0.4946   0.4715   0.5588  
NHOPI 0.0602   *   0.0717   *   *  
Asian 0.7476   0.9533   0.6795   0.1548   0.4571  
Two or More Races 0.1704   0.6552   0.2139   0.0435   0.5554  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0016   0.1365   0.0020   0.0019   0.0159  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0001   0.1544   0.0003  
High School Graduate da   da   0.0972   0.1078   0.1721  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.5552   0.0018   0.8768  
College Graduate da   da   0.7325   0.0747   0.9728  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.3803   0.0005   0.8945  
Part-Time da   da   0.0741   0.0334   0.2427  
Unemployed da   da   0.9215   0.6239   0.9669  
Other1 da   da   0.0263   0.0935   0.0394  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.9C – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 757 793 73 67 746 782 175 161 709 749
GENDER                    
Male 543 567 56 50 541 559 125 118 507 541
Female 469 470 48 44 462 466 108 107 443 451
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 697 714 64 59 687 707 153 144 654 686
White 612 629 62 55 725 752 212 191 686 715
Black or African American 250 251 21 22 326 331 80 78 299 305
AIAN 73 77 6 4 70 76 17 19 64 73
NHOPI 61 61 * * 61 61 * * 58 *
Asian 148 163 11 10 146 162 50 48 128 149
Two or More Races 122 115 12 12 121 115 34 30 117 111
Hispanic or Latino 311 269 35 33 308 262 81 72 297 241
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 372 336 78 71 356 329
High School Graduate da da da da 459 468 125 125 432 436
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 502 485 195 166 463 460
College Graduate da da da da 445 427 93 88 423 407
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 594 614 156 152 568 585
Part-Time da da da da 266 275 106 106 242 249
Unemployed da da da da 194 196 69 72 180 181
Other1 da da da da 470 491 126 110 453 477
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.9D – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.30 0.31 0.51 0.47 0.33 0.35
GENDER                    
Male 0.41 0.43 0.44 0.40 0.45 0.47 0.72 0.69 0.50 0.53
Female 0.33 0.33 0.39 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.63 0.63 0.40 0.40
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.31 0.31 0.34 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.57 0.55 0.36 0.38
White 0.36 0.37 0.44 0.41 0.38 0.39 0.67 0.67 0.42 0.43
Black or African American 0.76 0.76 0.60 0.66 0.85 0.84 1.28 1.18 0.98 0.97
AIAN 3.38 3.81 3.26 2.37 3.70 4.33 4.40 5.19 4.22 4.88
NHOPI 4.57 4.69 * * 5.03 5.16 * * 5.55 *
Asian 0.84 0.93 0.82 0.72 0.91 1.02 1.88 1.69 0.96 1.16
Two or More Races 1.94 1.90 1.27 1.46 2.30 2.26 2.75 2.93 2.86 2.66
Hispanic or Latino 0.68 0.58 0.59 0.55 0.77 0.65 1.06 0.95 0.93 0.73
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.00 0.90 1.34 1.21 1.14 1.03
High School Graduate da da da da 0.60 0.60 0.85 0.85 0.70 0.68
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.52 0.52 0.81 0.76 0.60 0.62
College Graduate da da da da 0.45 0.46 1.30 1.28 0.47 0.48
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.40 0.41 0.76 0.72 0.44 0.45
Part-Time da da da da 0.72 0.77 0.92 0.92 0.90 0.96
Unemployed da da da da 1.35 1.50 1.58 1.74 1.89 2.05
Other1 da da da da 0.52 0.52 1.11 1.01 0.55 0.56
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.9P – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0517   0.0003   0.0982   0.0000   0.5576  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0023   0.0012   0.0053   0.0000   0.0577  
Female 0.7005   0.0888   0.5902   0.0136   0.2408  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4577   0.0007   0.6390   0.0003   0.6483  
White 0.4110   0.0010   0.5835   0.0002   0.7466  
Black or African American 0.9398   0.9105   0.9052   0.1485   0.8085  
AIAN 0.6408   0.3055   0.6321   0.4447   0.7363  
NHOPI 0.4027   *   0.4561   *   *  
Asian 0.7983   0.2416   0.6882   0.7835   0.6329  
Two or More Races 0.9326   0.5130   0.8772   0.1153   0.6743  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0029   0.2603   0.0039   0.0074   0.0198  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0089   0.0785   0.0199  
High School Graduate da   da   0.6424   0.0310   0.2789  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.1894   0.0024   0.7148  
College Graduate da   da   0.5892   0.0666   0.7682  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.7150   0.0008   0.7139  
Part-Time da   da   0.1210   0.0087   0.4379  
Unemployed da   da   0.6078   0.5616   0.4258  
Other1 da   da   0.2863   0.0091   0.5800  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190524
Table 2.10C – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 712 736 53 48 704 729 165 148 662 701
GENDER                    
Male 521 540 41 37 518 535 124 112 486 519
Female 434 431 34 31 430 427 94 96 414 416
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 663 676 47 44 655 673 148 134 615 651
White 576 592 44 41 652 680 169 148 615 656
Black or African American 238 234 15 16 299 295 66 68 278 273
AIAN 62 73 5 3 61 73 14 14 58 71
NHOPI 58 51 * * 58 50 * * * 49
Asian 125 130 8 8 124 130 34 33 117 122
Two or More Races 117 107 8 7 116 107 27 27 113 104
Hispanic or Latino 281 237 24 21 278 233 79 67 265 216
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 352 317 71 63 338 313
High School Graduate da da da da 437 436 113 101 414 414
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 451 445 140 126 425 428
College Graduate da da da da 352 330 70 62 338 325
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 535 545 136 122 512 521
Part-Time da da da da 242 246 83 85 221 229
Unemployed da da da da 173 170 59 61 162 160
Other1 da da da da 437 448 89 82 428 438
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190524
Table 2.10D – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.27 0.21 0.19 0.28 0.29 0.48 0.43 0.31 0.33
GENDER                    
Male 0.39 0.41 0.32 0.29 0.43 0.45 0.72 0.66 0.48 0.50
Female 0.31 0.31 0.28 0.26 0.34 0.33 0.55 0.57 0.37 0.37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.30 0.25 0.23 0.32 0.32 0.55 0.51 0.34 0.36
White 0.34 0.35 0.32 0.30 0.36 0.37 0.67 0.64 0.39 0.41
Black or African American 0.72 0.71 0.44 0.48 0.81 0.78 1.18 1.08 0.93 0.89
AIAN 3.22 3.46 2.75 2.06 3.58 3.94 4.28 4.13 4.17 4.54
NHOPI 4.57 4.17 * * 5.05 4.59 * * * 5.38
Asian 0.74 0.77 0.60 0.58 0.80 0.85 1.38 1.31 0.90 0.98
Two or More Races 1.89 1.83 0.87 0.86 2.26 2.18 2.39 2.91 2.81 2.55
Hispanic or Latino 0.61 0.51 0.39 0.35 0.70 0.57 1.04 0.88 0.82 0.66
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.98 0.87 1.33 1.15 1.10 1.01
High School Graduate da da da da 0.58 0.57 0.85 0.80 0.67 0.66
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.49 0.50 0.72 0.68 0.56 0.59
College Graduate da da da da 0.39 0.39 1.09 1.03 0.40 0.41
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.39 0.40 0.73 0.68 0.42 0.43
Part-Time da da da da 0.68 0.69 0.85 0.81 0.84 0.88
Unemployed da da da da 1.30 1.39 1.50 1.56 1.80 1.95
Other1 da da da da 0.49 0.49 0.88 0.89 0.53 0.53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190524
Table 2.10P – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0067   0.0213   0.0092   0.0000   0.1271  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0003   0.0504   0.0004   0.0000   0.0117  
Female 0.9604   0.2052   0.9803   0.0377   0.6162  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0695   0.0384   0.0848   0.0001   0.4104  
White 0.1199   0.0673   0.1405   0.0000   0.6368  
Black or African American 0.4322   0.9530   0.4074   0.7141   0.4408  
AIAN 0.7073   0.3009   0.6908   0.3842   0.8039  
NHOPI 0.9691   *   0.9010   *   *  
Asian 0.8746   0.3524   0.9611   0.8743   0.9131  
Two or More Races 0.6676   0.1876   0.6306   0.1226   0.4124  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0079   0.3951   0.0093   0.0036   0.0528  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0064   0.0328   0.0182  
High School Graduate da   da   0.7845   0.1244   0.4916  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.0460   0.0001   0.3440  
College Graduate da   da   0.0987   0.0164   0.1984  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.1381   0.0000   0.6813  
Part-Time da   da   0.1136   0.0832   0.2638  
Unemployed da   da   0.4005   0.6172   0.2515  
Other1 da   da   0.1740   0.0153   0.3346  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.11C – Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 850 861 77 76 814 821 190 187 767 787
GENDER                    
Male 560 545 56 52 534 522 125 128 512 501
Female 622 622 52 49 607 605 126 123 580 591
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 770 775 67 67 739 747 164 162 704 714
White 608 646 62 63 1,366 1,339 239 226 1,329 1,296
Black or African American 291 271 26 21 464 444 83 76 439 422
AIAN 92 100 9 5 88 99 18 20 82 96
NHOPI 73 92 * * 73 91 * * * *
Asian 295 313 12 15 294 312 63 54 281 298
Two or More Races 197 193 13 12 198 192 40 33 192 188
Hispanic or Latino 371 348 37 37 360 337 93 88 345 321
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 487 463 87 84 468 457
High School Graduate da da da da 664 689 140 145 642 661
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 786 749 227 188 737 728
College Graduate da da da da 987 991 117 111 973 970
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 985 994 182 182 966 955
Part-Time da da da da 441 480 123 121 423 466
Unemployed da da da da 236 238 83 78 216 225
Other1 da da da da 890 869 135 121 878 863
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.11D – Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.30 0.33 0.33 0.55 0.55 0.36 0.37
GENDER                    
Male 0.42 0.41 0.44 0.41 0.45 0.43 0.72 0.75 0.50 0.49
Female 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.40 0.47 0.47 0.74 0.72 0.52 0.53
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.61 0.61 0.39 0.39
White 0.36 0.38 0.44 0.47 0.37 0.39 0.70 0.74 0.40 0.43
Black or African American 0.88 0.82 0.72 0.61 0.96 0.91 1.34 1.21 1.10 1.06
AIAN 2.46 3.54 4.51 3.15 2.59 4.11 4.37 4.88 2.91 4.72
NHOPI 5.04 5.01 * * 5.54 5.35 * * * *
Asian 1.54 1.46 0.86 1.01 1.66 1.60 2.31 1.80 1.90 1.88
Two or More Races 2.01 1.85 1.41 1.42 2.21 1.96 2.87 2.70 2.65 2.30
Hispanic or Latino 0.81 0.75 0.62 0.60 0.91 0.83 1.22 1.16 1.07 0.98
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.96 0.98 1.35 1.26 1.07 1.13
High School Graduate da da da da 0.61 0.61 0.89 0.94 0.71 0.71
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.56 0.54 0.88 0.84 0.64 0.62
College Graduate da da da da 0.60 0.62 1.38 1.39 0.63 0.65
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.43 0.41 0.76 0.78 0.48 0.45
Part-Time da da da da 0.84 0.91 1.00 0.99 1.04 1.17
Unemployed da da da da 1.30 1.47 1.55 1.71 1.80 2.02
Other1 da da da da 0.63 0.63 1.16 1.11 0.67 0.67
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.11P – Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0007   0.0096   0.0006   0.0000   0.0145  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0067   0.0189   0.0071   0.0000   0.0826  
Female 0.0340   0.1510   0.0354   0.0092   0.1003  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0177   0.0187   0.0176   0.0003   0.0896  
White 0.0050   0.1259   0.0038   0.0131   0.0120  
Black or African American 0.6430   0.0596   0.7155   0.0124   0.8845  
AIAN 0.5232   0.0861   0.5562   0.5013   0.6202  
NHOPI 0.0556   *   0.0725   *   *  
Asian 0.8173   0.7075   0.7363   0.0209   0.3905  
Two or More Races 0.2987   0.5069   0.3643   0.2824   0.6389  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0067   0.2778   0.0072   0.0006   0.0555  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0010   0.0619   0.0030  
High School Graduate da   da   0.0952   0.1274   0.1589  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.5263   0.0001   0.7855  
College Graduate da   da   0.0866   0.0379   0.1806  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.3289   0.0000   0.9214  
Part-Time da   da   0.0180   0.0076   0.0931  
Unemployed da   da   0.3270   0.2476   0.4712  
Other1 da   da   0.0113   0.0788   0.0159  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.12C – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 725 731 60 56 717 723 164 151 681 691
GENDER                    
Male 493 521 43 40 489 515 118 110 461 495
Female 453 452 42 39 448 448 104 101 434 435
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 663 668 52 50 655 663 145 138 620 642
White 577 585 49 47 651 649 178 160 612 620
Black or African American 237 231 15 14 293 289 65 59 274 273
AIAN 71 73 6 3 68 73 15 18 62 70
NHOPI 58 51 * * 58 51 * * 55 48
Asian 136 154 11 9 134 154 45 41 118 142
Two or More Races 118 107 9 9 117 106 32 26 113 104
Hispanic or Latino 294 249 28 28 291 244 80 71 280 224
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 350 315 72 63 335 308
High School Graduate da da da da 424 424 109 114 400 394
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 456 430 165 135 426 408
College Graduate da da da da 352 336 78 69 338 324
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 523 514 135 125 496 491
Part-Time da da da da 228 243 89 86 211 223
Unemployed da da da da 185 187 64 65 172 175
Other1 da da da da 430 449 111 90 421 437
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.12D – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.23 0.29 0.29 0.48 0.44 0.32 0.32
GENDER                    
Male 0.37 0.39 0.34 0.31 0.41 0.43 0.68 0.64 0.45 0.48
Female 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.32 0.35 0.35 0.61 0.59 0.39 0.39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.26 0.32 0.32 0.54 0.52 0.34 0.35
White 0.34 0.34 0.36 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.65 0.65 0.39 0.40
Black or African American 0.72 0.70 0.44 0.41 0.80 0.78 1.16 1.03 0.93 0.90
AIAN 3.35 3.83 3.18 2.01 3.65 4.34 4.33 5.51 4.15 4.96
NHOPI 4.25 4.28 * * 4.66 4.70 * * 5.11 5.36
Asian 0.79 0.89 0.78 0.65 0.85 0.98 1.78 1.49 0.89 1.12
Two or More Races 1.90 1.80 1.05 1.12 2.24 2.13 2.85 2.81 2.79 2.52
Hispanic or Latino 0.64 0.53 0.47 0.46 0.73 0.60 1.05 0.93 0.87 0.68
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.96 0.86 1.30 1.09 1.09 0.99
High School Graduate da da da da 0.58 0.57 0.84 0.87 0.67 0.64
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.49 0.49 0.78 0.72 0.57 0.57
College Graduate da da da da 0.39 0.38 1.18 1.11 0.40 0.40
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.37 0.37 0.71 0.68 0.40 0.40
Part-Time da da da da 0.65 0.70 0.86 0.81 0.82 0.88
Unemployed da da da da 1.36 1.47 1.50 1.65 1.90 2.04
Other1 da da da da 0.48 0.49 1.07 0.92 0.52 0.52
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.12P – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1843   0.0161   0.2413   0.0000   0.9607  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0326   0.0536   0.0430   0.0000   0.2826  
Female 0.8238   0.1338   0.7310   0.0047   0.3062  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6993   0.0325   0.8000   0.0002   0.4916  
White 0.8634   0.1293   0.9387   0.0023   0.4992  
Black or African American 0.4657   0.4883   0.4718   0.0094   0.9054  
AIAN 0.5819   0.1741   0.5899   0.6993   0.6325  
NHOPI 0.7110   *   0.7842   *   0.9133  
Asian 0.5235   0.1139   0.4132   0.2876   0.2476  
Two or More Races 0.7001   0.4897   0.6456   0.3734   0.5270  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0185   0.2972   0.0227   0.0039   0.1054  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0012   0.0147   0.0046  
High School Graduate da   da   0.6804   0.1060   0.3709  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.5340   0.0007   0.6617  
College Graduate da   da   0.7638   0.0850   0.5469  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.6978   0.0016   0.2490  
Part-Time da   da   0.2056   0.0027   0.7440  
Unemployed da   da   0.8357   0.7797   0.8798  
Other1 da   da   0.1539   0.0145   0.3383  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.13C – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 673 677 43 39 666 672 150 133 631 644
GENDER                    
Male 472 483 32 28 467 480 111 98 442 463
Female 422 423 28 28 419 419 91 89 405 410
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 633 625 37 36 625 622 134 123 589 598
White 547 544 35 34 594 594 147 126 558 573
Black or African American 228 211 10 9 273 257 54 51 260 243
AIAN 60 67 3 3 59 67 12 14 56 66
NHOPI 56 49 * * 56 49 * * 53 *
Asian 117 127 8 8 116 127 31 30 111 118
Two or More Races 113 105 6 7 112 104 25 24 110 103
Hispanic or Latino 259 225 19 17 257 221 72 61 247 206
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 328 296 66 55 316 291
High School Graduate da da da da 403 398 98 91 384 378
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 415 394 119 102 396 380
College Graduate da da da da 294 278 61 48 286 273
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 467 473 117 104 448 453
Part-Time da da da da 213 217 71 68 198 205
Unemployed da da da da 164 159 55 53 154 153
Other1 da da da da 407 417 75 69 401 408
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.13D – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.17 0.16 0.27 0.27 0.44 0.39 0.30 0.30
GENDER                    
Male 0.36 0.36 0.25 0.22 0.39 0.40 0.65 0.57 0.43 0.45
Female 0.30 0.30 0.23 0.23 0.33 0.33 0.53 0.52 0.37 0.37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.28 0.20 0.19 0.30 0.30 0.50 0.47 0.33 0.33
White 0.32 0.32 0.26 0.26 0.34 0.34 0.62 0.59 0.37 0.37
Black or African American 0.69 0.64 0.29 0.27 0.77 0.71 1.05 0.92 0.90 0.81
AIAN 3.07 3.46 1.82 1.62 3.42 3.93 4.05 4.36 4.01 4.53
NHOPI 4.28 4.08 * * 4.71 4.48 * * 5.10 *
Asian 0.70 0.76 0.60 0.55 0.76 0.83 1.31 1.18 0.86 0.95
Two or More Races 1.86 1.78 0.73 0.83 2.20 2.10 2.34 2.73 2.74 2.49
Hispanic or Latino 0.57 0.48 0.31 0.28 0.65 0.55 0.95 0.80 0.77 0.63
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.93 0.83 1.25 1.03 1.05 0.96
High School Graduate da da da da 0.56 0.54 0.79 0.76 0.65 0.63
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.46 0.46 0.68 0.61 0.54 0.54
College Graduate da da da da 0.34 0.33 1.01 0.83 0.35 0.35
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.34 0.36 0.67 0.62 0.38 0.39
Part-Time da da da da 0.62 0.63 0.75 0.68 0.78 0.81
Unemployed da da da da 1.28 1.34 1.40 1.43 1.80 1.91
Other1 da da da da 0.47 0.46 0.82 0.79 0.51 0.50
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.13P – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0306   0.0461   0.0364   0.0000   0.3338  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0038   0.1086   0.0043   0.0000   0.0519  
Female 0.8413   0.2377   0.8852   0.0006   0.5622  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1578   0.0947   0.1729   0.0000   0.6358  
White 0.3702   0.1778   0.3945   0.0001   0.9668  
Black or African American 0.1372   0.7678   0.1305   0.0993   0.2245  
AIAN 0.5179   0.5237   0.4781   0.5210   0.5373  
NHOPI 0.9759   *   0.9240   *   *  
Asian 0.9502   0.2635   0.8530   0.8882   0.8268  
Two or More Races 0.7710   0.4808   0.7015   0.2312   0.4999  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0237   0.3053   0.0274   0.0005   0.1711  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.0005   0.0024   0.0027  
High School Graduate da   da   0.9097   0.1145   0.6163  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.1871   0.0000   0.8425  
College Graduate da   da   0.6737   0.1164   0.8848  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.5628   0.0000   0.6782  
Part-Time da   da   0.1026   0.0088   0.3669  
Unemployed da   da   0.3340   0.2716   0.4900  
Other1 da   da   0.1265   0.0364   0.2184  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.14C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 570 588 53 50 565 581 145 130 540 562
GENDER                    
Male 520 507 45 42 519 502 119 102 497 487
Female 211 241 25 25 207 239 62 64 197 228
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 531 545 48 46 528 543 129 114 506 531
White 500 523 48 46 609 619 144 129 588 596
Black or African American 158 133 11 12 167 146 30 31 161 139
AIAN 51 74 3 4 51 74 9 10 49 72
NHOPI 23 31 * * 22 31 * * 22 30
Asian 89 97 6 5 89 97 24 24 84 96
Two or More Races 66 93 9 7 66 93 20 20 62 91
Hispanic or Latino 183 196 19 18 183 194 50 58 177 181
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 221 215 46 50 216 208
High School Graduate da da da da 321 319 81 85 305 298
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 357 358 109 92 337 347
College Graduate da da da da 411 376 70 57 398 370
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 501 514 107 106 488 495
Part-Time da da da da 173 201 71 61 155 190
Unemployed da da da da 114 110 42 44 107 98
Other1 da da da da 338 321 65 64 328 320
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.14D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.23 0.23 0.42 0.38 0.25 0.26
GENDER                    
Male 0.39 0.38 0.35 0.33 0.44 0.42 0.69 0.60 0.49 0.47
Female 0.15 0.17 0.20 0.20 0.16 0.19 0.36 0.38 0.18 0.20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.23 0.24 0.26 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.48 0.43 0.28 0.29
White 0.29 0.31 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.61 0.58 0.35 0.37
Black or African American 0.48 0.40 0.31 0.35 0.53 0.45 0.58 0.60 0.62 0.52
AIAN 2.79 3.08 1.76 2.49 3.10 3.36 3.30 4.03 3.64 3.78
NHOPI 2.13 2.91 * * 2.35 3.23 * * 2.65 3.77
Asian 0.58 0.62 0.43 0.35 0.63 0.68 1.09 1.03 0.70 0.80
Two or More Races 1.25 1.63 0.98 0.88 1.54 1.92 2.05 2.31 1.86 2.27
Hispanic or Latino 0.40 0.42 0.31 0.30 0.46 0.48 0.67 0.76 0.55 0.55
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.68 0.65 0.94 0.96 0.78 0.74
High School Graduate da da da da 0.47 0.46 0.69 0.67 0.55 0.53
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.42 0.41 0.63 0.55 0.49 0.50
College Graduate da da da da 0.42 0.41 1.14 0.95 0.44 0.43
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.35 0.36 0.63 0.61 0.38 0.40
Part-Time da da da da 0.52 0.58 0.74 0.67 0.63 0.74
Unemployed da da da da 1.00 1.01 1.17 1.29 1.38 1.32
Other1 da da da da 0.40 0.36 0.75 0.70 0.43 0.40
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.14P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0505   0.0418   0.0694   0.0347   0.1873  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0343   0.0245   0.0503   0.0296   0.1250  
Female 0.8986   0.8437   0.9076   0.4195   0.8873  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0676   0.0689   0.0869   0.0130   0.2458  
White 0.0548   0.0964   0.0687   0.0106   0.2053  
Black or African American 0.4156   0.9608   0.4036   0.8942   0.3660  
AIAN 0.8915   0.9563   0.9502   0.2583   0.8028  
NHOPI 0.0787   *   0.0605   *   0.1048  
Asian 0.9095   0.9256   0.8856   0.8000   0.8369  
Two or More Races 0.3197   0.5096   0.3366   0.6922   0.2730  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6561   0.3932   0.7165   0.7833   0.6501  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.7770   0.3100   0.9537  
High School Graduate da   da   0.1084   0.8599   0.0867  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.3768   0.0007   0.9713  
College Graduate da   da   0.2909   0.1826   0.3968  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.5337   0.1399   0.7600  
Part-Time da   da   0.9407   0.1712   0.6624  
Unemployed da   da   0.1551   0.6768   0.1634  
Other1 da   da   0.0719   0.2400   0.1122  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.15C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 274 287 41 39 273 284 93 87 255 267
GENDER                    
Male 264 267 36 33 263 264 85 75 243 251
Female 92 90 17 19 91 88 32 37 84 80
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 258 268 39 35 258 266 85 80 241 255
White 245 253 38 34 249 260 88 79 233 246
Black or African American 68 66 8 10 69 68 18 21 66 64
AIAN 22 22 2 3 22 22 6 9 21 19
NHOPI 18 20 * * * 20 * * * 19
Asian 35 28 3 2 35 27 14 17 32 21
Two or More Races 27 27 7 5 26 27 13 11 22 24
Hispanic or Latino 79 77 13 16 77 76 27 29 73 69
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 116 110 33 32 111 105
High School Graduate da da da da 167 153 56 49 156 142
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 154 168 58 56 143 160
College Graduate da da da da 123 122 38 33 116 120
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 212 219 71 64 198 205
Part-Time da da da da 81 82 42 40 70 71
Unemployed da da da da 65 60 26 24 58 56
Other1 da da da da 151 149 39 38 147 146
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.15D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.10 0.10 0.16 0.16 0.11 0.11 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12
GENDER                    
Male 0.20 0.20 0.28 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.49 0.44 0.24 0.24
Female 0.07 0.06 0.14 0.15 0.07 0.07 0.19 0.22 0.08 0.07
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.11 0.12 0.20 0.19 0.12 0.13 0.32 0.30 0.13 0.14
White 0.14 0.15 0.28 0.25 0.15 0.16 0.43 0.39 0.16 0.17
Black or African American 0.21 0.20 0.24 0.29 0.23 0.22 0.36 0.43 0.26 0.25
AIAN 1.44 1.14 1.24 1.69 1.60 1.24 2.49 3.82 1.85 1.29
NHOPI 1.62 1.87 * * * 2.06 * * * 2.41
Asian 0.23 0.18 0.24 0.16 0.25 0.19 0.65 0.77 0.27 0.18
Two or More Races 0.53 0.55 0.79 0.66 0.62 0.64 1.36 1.48 0.68 0.68
Hispanic or Latino 0.17 0.17 0.22 0.27 0.19 0.19 0.35 0.38 0.23 0.21
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.38 0.35 0.68 0.67 0.42 0.39
High School Graduate da da da da 0.27 0.24 0.51 0.45 0.31 0.27
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.20 0.21 0.38 0.37 0.22 0.24
College Graduate da da da da 0.15 0.15 0.70 0.59 0.15 0.16
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.17 0.18 0.45 0.42 0.18 0.19
Part-Time da da da da 0.25 0.25 0.48 0.45 0.29 0.30
Unemployed da da da da 0.60 0.58 0.74 0.77 0.79 0.78
Other1 da da da da 0.19 0.18 0.48 0.45 0.20 0.19
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.15P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0245   0.0340   0.0509   0.0647   0.1835  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0181   0.0061   0.0451   0.0090   0.2394  
Female 0.9895   0.5993   0.9279   0.1386   0.4752  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0164   0.0185   0.0387   0.0497   0.1562  
White 0.0219   0.0259   0.0477   0.0204   0.2180  
Black or African American 0.7461   0.9329   0.7326   0.6666   0.6342  
AIAN 0.5827   0.9688   0.5631   0.7685   0.5370  
NHOPI 0.2682   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.7391   0.9237   0.7545   0.5139   0.4307  
Two or More Races 0.3580   0.4493   0.4206   0.3947   0.7151  
Hispanic or Latino 0.8089   0.7636   0.8497   0.9943   0.8301  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.9302   0.5715   0.9513  
High School Graduate da   da   0.0046   0.1432   0.0147  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.9005   0.0880   0.5916  
College Graduate da   da   0.5563   0.6688   0.4332  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.1737   0.2004   0.2919  
Part-Time da   da   0.2367   0.1551   0.5809  
Unemployed da   da   0.4302   0.8149   0.4680  
Other1 da   da   0.6754   0.5593   0.8124  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.16C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 246 245 26 25 246 243 72 65 232 233
GENDER                    
Male 237 236 24 22 237 234 68 60 224 225
Female 73 66 11 12 72 65 18 26 70 59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 237 236 25 24 237 235 67 61 223 227
White 228 226 25 23 230 229 66 56 217 221
Black or African American 57 51 5 8 58 52 11 17 56 49
AIAN 21 18 2 2 20 18 5 7 20 16
NHOPI 17 14 * * * 14 * * * 14
Asian 21 21 * 1 21 21 6 14 20 15
Two or More Races 23 23 3 2 23 23 9 10 22 21
Hispanic or Latino 66 63 7 7 65 63 22 21 62 59
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 106 95 24 25 104 91
High School Graduate da da da da 154 135 42 37 146 128
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 134 142 42 43 126 135
College Graduate da da da da 107 113 31 25 102 111
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 186 188 56 47 175 179
Part-Time da da da da 67 69 28 29 62 62
Unemployed da da da da 58 51 20 19 53 48
Other1 da da da da 141 129 28 31 138 126
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.16D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.21 0.19 0.11 0.11
GENDER                    
Male 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.17 0.20 0.19 0.40 0.35 0.22 0.22
Female 0.05 0.05 0.09 0.10 0.06 0.05 0.11 0.15 0.06 0.05
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.10 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.25 0.23 0.12 0.12
White 0.13 0.13 0.19 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.34 0.29 0.15 0.16
Black or African American 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.24 0.19 0.17 0.23 0.36 0.22 0.19
AIAN 1.35 0.98 1.06 1.39 1.51 1.06 2.19 3.14 1.78 1.12
NHOPI 1.60 1.32 * * * 1.47 * * * 1.73
Asian 0.13 0.13 * 0.04 0.15 0.15 0.28 0.62 0.17 0.13
Two or More Races 0.47 0.46 0.31 0.21 0.56 0.55 0.96 1.26 0.66 0.60
Hispanic or Latino 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.16 0.16 0.29 0.27 0.19 0.18
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.34 0.30 0.51 0.52 0.39 0.34
High School Graduate da da da da 0.25 0.21 0.39 0.35 0.29 0.24
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.17 0.18 0.29 0.30 0.20 0.21
College Graduate da da da da 0.13 0.14 0.58 0.46 0.13 0.15
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.15 0.15 0.37 0.31 0.16 0.16
Part-Time da da da da 0.21 0.21 0.32 0.33 0.26 0.26
Unemployed da da da da 0.53 0.49 0.57 0.61 0.72 0.68
Other1 da da da da 0.17 0.15 0.35 0.38 0.19 0.16
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.16P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0477   0.1131   0.0685   0.2064   0.1399  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0335   0.0463   0.0524   0.0182   0.1998  
Female 0.8366   0.7097   0.8851   0.0033   0.3610  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0446   0.1173   0.0637   0.2061   0.1292  
White 0.0567   0.1256   0.0792   0.0334   0.2377  
Black or African American 0.6100   0.6596   0.5646   0.1498   0.3210  
AIAN 0.6461   0.9366   0.6198   0.6526   0.5447  
NHOPI 0.7842   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.4014   *   0.4074   0.1026   0.9715  
Two or More Races 0.3757   0.3766   0.3915   0.8277   0.3254  
Hispanic or Latino 1.0000   0.8819   0.9900   0.8772   0.9371  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.8291   0.7225   0.8888  
High School Graduate da   da   0.0155   0.4968   0.0201  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.8557   0.3072   0.8681  
College Graduate da   da   0.6128   0.6393   0.6633  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.1517   0.0686   0.3195  
Part-Time da   da   0.6288   0.7212   0.7072  
Unemployed da   da   0.5673   0.9738   0.5335  
Other1 da   da   0.4984   0.7302   0.4524  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.17C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 700 711 113 111 641 651 152 146 613 623
GENDER                    
Male 402 408 75 74 355 369 106 108 334 342
Female 514 510 79 78 480 489 100 94 464 475
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 617 608 96 92 568 552 122 123 549 531
White 444 442 108 101 1,677 1,678 341 315 1,619 1,592
Black or African American 243 233 40 41 648 618 137 137 597 565
AIAN 92 110 9 6 90 109 20 21 84 105
NHOPI 91 99 * * 91 98 * * * 95
Asian 458 492 24 26 453 488 98 109 433 442
Two or More Races 226 211 22 20 224 210 51 40 215 204
Hispanic or Latino 307 305 58 59 290 285 79 70 277 276
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 556 525 107 103 534 516
High School Graduate da da da da 763 813 185 189 738 768
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 955 934 360 280 865 887
College Graduate da da da da 1,291 1,333 188 193 1,262 1,272
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,227 1,267 238 245 1,199 1,205
Part-Time da da da da 551 571 203 192 507 531
Unemployed da da da da 282 275 108 94 255 254
Other1 da da da da 1,051 1,058 207 180 1,030 1,049
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.17D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.26 0.45 0.45 0.26 0.26 0.44 0.43 0.29 0.29
GENDER                    
Male 0.30 0.31 0.59 0.59 0.30 0.31 0.62 0.63 0.33 0.33
Female 0.37 0.36 0.65 0.64 0.38 0.38 0.58 0.56 0.42 0.42
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.27 0.51 0.49 0.27 0.27 0.46 0.47 0.30 0.29
White 0.26 0.26 0.63 0.64 0.26 0.25 0.52 0.49 0.28 0.28
Black or African American 0.74 0.71 1.02 1.02 0.76 0.75 1.12 1.24 0.86 0.86
AIAN 2.21 3.25 4.76 3.30 2.29 3.70 3.45 3.56 2.56 4.37
NHOPI 4.63 4.23 * * 5.18 4.44 * * * 4.90
Asian 1.67 1.52 1.66 1.65 1.75 1.62 2.16 1.91 2.01 1.86
Two or More Races 1.39 1.46 2.05 2.08 1.31 1.50 1.74 1.95 1.59 1.75
Hispanic or Latino 0.67 0.65 0.97 0.96 0.73 0.70 1.04 0.92 0.86 0.84
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.88 0.90 1.29 1.29 1.02 1.03
High School Graduate da da da da 0.52 0.50 0.76 0.81 0.61 0.57
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.36 0.37 0.67 0.64 0.41 0.42
College Graduate da da da da 0.38 0.36 0.83 0.68 0.40 0.38
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.28 0.28 0.51 0.58 0.31 0.30
Part-Time da da da da 0.57 0.58 0.83 0.80 0.72 0.74
Unemployed da da da da 0.98 1.33 1.51 1.49 1.25 1.78
Other1 da da da da 0.54 0.53 1.04 0.98 0.59 0.57
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.17P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8530   0.2019   0.9145   0.0133   0.6750  
GENDER                    
Male 0.7371   0.8084   0.8494   0.0605   0.4663  
Female 0.6097   0.0436   0.7781   0.1127   0.9869  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4894   0.2777   0.4360   0.0410   0.2243  
White 0.4527   0.1528   0.3354   0.2004   0.2103  
Black or African American 0.8242   0.4957   0.9668   0.1502   0.6856  
AIAN 0.1642   0.0121   0.2131   0.7885   0.2067  
NHOPI 0.5512   *   0.7504   *   *  
Asian 0.7322   0.8225   0.6423   0.9131   0.6540  
Two or More Races 0.6300   0.8531   0.9807   0.3389   0.8737  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1145   0.4793   0.1197   0.1541   0.2184  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.4663   0.1460   0.6816  
High School Graduate da   da   0.8961   0.0744   0.5685  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.7662   0.2950   0.5687  
College Graduate da   da   0.7457   0.8441   0.7259  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.1803   0.0033   0.0384  
Part-Time da   da   0.7463   0.5141   0.9406  
Unemployed da   da   0.0481   1.0000   0.0182  
Other1 da   da   0.6576   0.1831   0.8015  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.18C – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 918 954 108 105 881 926 177 161 845 892
GENDER                    
Male 548 578 72 67 521 559 114 115 506 538
Female 648 632 76 74 634 620 121 107 609 601
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 810 852 95 89 784 828 143 137 758 803
White 660 700 102 92 1,471 1,500 327 304 1,415 1,412
Black or African American 283 282 32 35 537 531 126 124 493 483
AIAN 63 87 7 5 61 86 18 18 57 85
NHOPI 80 82 * * 80 81 * * 74 *
Asian 412 428 21 23 408 425 94 101 386 386
Two or More Races 187 166 20 18 186 164 47 36 176 159
Hispanic or Latino 377 365 53 54 369 347 88 75 349 335
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 445 421 96 90 429 413
High School Graduate da da da da 651 664 169 179 630 627
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 852 832 345 271 769 782
College Graduate da da da da 1,196 1,235 183 190 1,165 1,174
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,125 1,159 228 237 1,098 1,099
Part-Time da da da da 500 532 197 188 453 490
Unemployed da da da da 252 250 96 85 231 229
Other1 da da da da 874 886 201 168 847 874
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.18D – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.34 0.35 0.43 0.42 0.36 0.37 0.52 0.47 0.40 0.42
GENDER                    
Male 0.42 0.44 0.57 0.53 0.44 0.47 0.66 0.67 0.50 0.52
Female 0.46 0.45 0.62 0.61 0.50 0.48 0.71 0.63 0.55 0.54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.36 0.38 0.50 0.48 0.38 0.40 0.54 0.52 0.42 0.44
White 0.39 0.41 0.62 0.61 0.41 0.43 0.61 0.56 0.45 0.48
Black or African American 0.86 0.86 0.89 0.92 0.91 0.94 1.21 1.30 1.06 1.07
AIAN 3.22 4.09 3.97 2.85 3.53 4.69 3.88 4.16 4.09 5.39
NHOPI 4.88 5.16 * * 5.35 5.65 * * 5.89 *
Asian 1.64 1.61 1.49 1.47 1.74 1.72 2.27 2.04 1.99 1.96
Two or More Races 2.04 2.18 1.95 1.91 2.38 2.58 2.15 2.58 2.95 3.06
Hispanic or Latino 0.82 0.78 0.89 0.88 0.93 0.85 1.16 0.99 1.09 1.02
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.97 0.97 1.36 1.32 1.13 1.11
High School Graduate da da da da 0.66 0.64 0.85 0.85 0.78 0.74
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.56 0.53 0.77 0.69 0.65 0.63
College Graduate da da da da 0.52 0.54 0.95 0.82 0.55 0.57
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.40 0.39 0.59 0.63 0.44 0.43
Part-Time da da da da 0.79 0.84 0.95 0.90 1.01 1.10
Unemployed da da da da 1.18 1.51 1.49 1.60 1.60 2.03
Other1 da da da da 0.68 0.68 1.20 1.07 0.74 0.74
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.18P – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.6611   0.0706   0.7567   0.1532   0.9777  
GENDER                    
Male 0.8307   0.5357   0.8268   0.0800   0.8789  
Female 0.6623   0.0478   0.8028   0.7678   0.8584  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6753   0.1253   0.6084   0.1914   0.4399  
White 0.4854   0.0507   0.3894   0.9711   0.3660  
Black or African American 0.9115   0.2492   0.7527   0.1229   0.9627  
AIAN 0.8546   0.0552   0.7852   0.2866   0.6029  
NHOPI 0.7864   *   0.8772   *   *  
Asian 0.9162   0.9504   0.8223   0.6314   0.7494  
Two or More Races 0.4162   0.7622   0.3204   0.3435   0.4666  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0591   0.3497   0.0677   0.5426   0.0869  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.1792   0.1964   0.2712  
High School Graduate da   da   0.6806   0.2996   0.4880  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.8679   0.9432   0.9375  
College Graduate da   da   0.6270   0.4264   0.5946  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.3720   0.0483   0.2004  
Part-Time da   da   0.8658   0.6785   0.7534  
Unemployed da   da   0.0519   0.9914   0.0297  
Other1 da   da   0.6487   0.1366   0.8385  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.19C – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 911 1,005 76 72 901 979 206 194 857 924
GENDER                    
Male 600 627 49 49 587 612 134 131 563 583
Female 617 639 57 50 614 626 134 129 584 601
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 818 891 67 63 819 870 171 170 785 824
White 680 748 63 62 1,286 1,351 290 273 1,239 1,269
Black or African American 271 275 23 20 441 435 95 94 415 405
AIAN 57 63 4 3 56 63 15 17 53 61
NHOPI 72 66 * * 72 66 * * 68 *
Asian 322 360 15 14 320 360 73 78 309 332
Two or More Races 142 148 13 12 142 147 40 32 133 142
Hispanic or Latino 388 368 36 37 384 359 97 86 362 345
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 359 339 75 68 349 335
High School Graduate da da da da 551 551 129 141 541 523
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 731 762 287 242 665 716
College Graduate da da da da 1,075 1,128 171 177 1,046 1,067
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 980 1,048 203 210 963 989
Part-Time da da da da 445 489 174 163 410 451
Unemployed da da da da 218 215 73 73 204 198
Other1 da da da da 732 750 164 144 714 734
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.19D – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.33 0.37 0.30 0.29 0.36 0.39 0.60 0.57 0.40 0.43
GENDER                    
Male 0.45 0.47 0.39 0.39 0.49 0.51 0.78 0.76 0.55 0.57
Female 0.44 0.45 0.46 0.41 0.48 0.49 0.79 0.76 0.53 0.54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.36 0.39 0.35 0.34 0.39 0.42 0.64 0.65 0.43 0.45
White 0.40 0.44 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.47 0.75 0.70 0.48 0.51
Black or African American 0.83 0.83 0.66 0.57 0.89 0.92 1.23 1.27 1.04 1.06
AIAN 3.08 3.62 2.71 1.93 3.34 4.13 4.75 4.72 3.91 4.69
NHOPI 4.80 4.98 * * 5.24 5.47 * * 5.78 *
Asian 1.50 1.56 1.13 0.97 1.61 1.69 2.40 2.25 1.86 1.92
Two or More Races 2.02 2.16 1.45 1.47 2.42 2.54 2.54 2.90 2.96 2.99
Hispanic or Latino 0.85 0.79 0.60 0.61 0.97 0.88 1.28 1.13 1.12 1.05
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.91 0.85 1.29 1.21 1.05 0.99
High School Graduate da da da da 0.64 0.63 0.89 0.87 0.75 0.73
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.59 0.59 0.91 0.83 0.68 0.70
College Graduate da da da da 0.62 0.61 1.24 1.14 0.65 0.64
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.43 0.45 0.73 0.80 0.48 0.49
Part-Time da da da da 0.88 0.92 1.17 1.03 1.10 1.19
Unemployed da da da da 1.31 1.55 1.45 1.72 1.77 2.08
Other1 da da da da 0.67 0.66 1.27 1.17 0.72 0.71
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.19P – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1885   0.0301   0.2242   0.0987   0.3676  
GENDER                    
Male 0.1252   0.4657   0.1179   0.0265   0.2584  
Female 0.6929   0.0197   0.8190   0.9036   0.8443  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8643   0.0951   0.9018   0.2128   0.8903  
White 0.8605   0.2439   0.8736   0.5459   0.9668  
Black or African American 0.9603   0.3280   0.9800   0.3916   0.8694  
AIAN 0.2748   0.4153   0.2565   0.9845   0.2576  
NHOPI 0.2392   *   0.1925   *   *  
Asian 0.6734   0.3360   0.5626   0.5072   0.4540  
Two or More Races 0.3943   0.6888   0.4804   0.6953   0.3768  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0090   0.1616   0.0118   0.2899   0.0187  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.1039   0.3213   0.1506  
High School Graduate da   da   0.4934   0.3869   0.6214  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.6974   0.3320   0.9137  
College Graduate da   da   0.9650   0.3793   0.9093  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.9732   0.0148   0.6320  
Part-Time da   da   0.4414   0.9036   0.3906  
Unemployed da   da   0.0307   0.8231   0.0195  
Other1 da   da   0.4482   0.3514   0.5486  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.20C – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 729 703 55 55 724 696 195 175 678 670
GENDER                    
Male 533 501 37 37 527 495 129 119 500 480
Female 462 449 41 37 461 452 130 117 431 423
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 668 639 49 49 667 632 169 152 628 609
White 583 557 47 46 734 713 223 205 691 665
Black or African American 228 230 17 12 279 292 70 61 265 277
AIAN 46 50 5 2 45 50 13 11 43 48
NHOPI 53 54 * * 53 53 * * 49 *
Asian 152 186 9 11 151 186 52 56 140 168
Two or More Races 90 95 8 10 89 95 32 25 82 90
Hispanic or Latino 307 293 26 26 307 291 88 82 297 279
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 277 278 64 52 268 276
High School Graduate da da da da 395 378 106 100 375 362
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 476 495 208 187 423 461
College Graduate da da da da 578 542 134 133 545 495
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 640 640 164 155 618 607
Part-Time da da da da 283 280 133 123 251 252
Unemployed da da da da 151 161 58 57 135 151
Other1 da da da da 396 405 127 105 380 395
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.20D – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.28 0.57 0.51 0.32 0.31
GENDER                    
Male 0.40 0.38 0.29 0.29 0.44 0.41 0.75 0.69 0.49 0.47
Female 0.33 0.32 0.34 0.31 0.36 0.35 0.76 0.69 0.39 0.38
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.28 0.26 0.26 0.32 0.30 0.63 0.58 0.35 0.33
White 0.34 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.37 0.35 0.75 0.70 0.40 0.38
Black or African American 0.69 0.70 0.50 0.37 0.76 0.78 1.15 0.97 0.89 0.90
AIAN 2.73 2.84 2.80 1.09 2.99 3.19 4.46 4.41 3.49 3.62
NHOPI 4.36 4.40 * * 4.86 4.83 * * 5.23 *
Asian 0.90 1.01 0.66 0.77 0.99 1.12 2.08 2.09 1.08 1.22
Two or More Races 1.56 1.63 0.96 1.22 1.87 1.93 2.66 2.72 2.20 2.23
Hispanic or Latino 0.67 0.63 0.43 0.43 0.77 0.72 1.17 1.07 0.92 0.85
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.79 0.76 1.18 1.01 0.90 0.88
High School Graduate da da da da 0.54 0.52 0.81 0.77 0.63 0.61
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.51 0.53 0.92 0.86 0.58 0.61
College Graduate da da da da 0.56 0.51 1.53 1.44 0.57 0.52
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.41 0.41 0.78 0.78 0.46 0.45
Part-Time da da da da 0.76 0.73 1.08 1.03 0.93 0.92
Unemployed da da da da 1.26 1.33 1.47 1.57 1.67 1.79
Other1 da da da da 0.44 0.46 1.16 0.98 0.47 0.49
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.20P – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.9846   0.0757   0.9028   0.0063   0.3489  
GENDER                    
Male 0.5788   0.5306   0.5791   0.0033   0.8609  
Female 0.4891   0.0614   0.4005   0.3118   0.2153  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6472   0.1320   0.5959   0.0050   0.1797  
White 0.9507   0.1262   0.8860   0.0355   0.4557  
Black or African American 0.6883   0.2705   0.6566   0.0096   0.2881  
AIAN 0.1974   0.1968   0.2055   0.8581   0.2061  
NHOPI 0.8933   *   0.7857   *   *  
Asian 0.2406   0.4713   0.2438   0.8371   0.2466  
Two or More Races 0.2995   0.7479   0.3812   0.7321   0.2266  
Hispanic or Latino 0.3431   0.3668   0.3793   0.5411   0.4733  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.8808   0.0681   0.5833  
High School Graduate da   da   0.9230   0.0245   0.6133  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.8420   0.4873   0.5562  
College Graduate da   da   0.9959   0.1132   0.8427  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.6930   0.0042   0.2781  
Part-Time da   da   0.8476   0.2323   0.7921  
Unemployed da   da   0.8105   0.1556   0.7621  
Other1 da   da   0.8494   0.9721   0.7983  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.21C – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 366 394 19 17 364 391 116 115 337 369
GENDER                    
Male 304 313 13 13 300 311 85 78 280 301
Female 205 207 14 11 205 207 68 71 195 190
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 341 359 18 16 340 357 103 100 315 339
White 317 333 17 16 332 355 106 103 308 337
Black or African American 113 115 4 1 118 120 27 21 115 119
AIAN 20 24 0 0 20 24 5 7 19 22
NHOPI 21 18 * * 21 18 * * 19 15
Asian 44 65 5 2 45 65 24 24 40 60
Two or More Races 59 40 2 1 59 40 17 14 57 37
Hispanic or Latino 136 134 7 5 135 134 54 50 120 126
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 126 127 30 27 121 125
High School Graduate da da da da 194 209 50 49 187 205
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 223 236 90 90 204 218
College Graduate da da da da 232 221 63 60 216 205
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 294 304 78 79 281 289
Part-Time da da da da 134 131 61 53 120 119
Unemployed da da da da 89 77 31 25 81 73
Other1 da da da da 182 199 48 48 176 194
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.21D – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.13 0.14 0.08 0.07 0.15 0.16 0.34 0.34 0.16 0.17
GENDER                    
Male 0.23 0.24 0.10 0.10 0.25 0.26 0.49 0.46 0.27 0.29
Female 0.15 0.15 0.12 0.09 0.16 0.16 0.40 0.42 0.18 0.17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.15 0.16 0.10 0.09 0.16 0.17 0.38 0.38 0.17 0.19
White 0.19 0.19 0.13 0.13 0.20 0.21 0.50 0.48 0.21 0.23
Black or African American 0.34 0.35 0.13 0.04 0.38 0.39 0.53 0.44 0.45 0.46
AIAN 1.31 1.46 0.30 0.14 1.47 1.62 2.16 3.05 1.71 1.80
NHOPI 1.94 1.67 * * 2.16 1.85 * * 2.17 1.97
Asian 0.29 0.41 0.39 0.11 0.32 0.45 1.07 1.05 0.34 0.50
Two or More Races 1.11 0.77 0.24 0.18 1.33 0.91 1.84 1.80 1.62 1.01
Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.29 0.11 0.09 0.34 0.33 0.72 0.65 0.37 0.38
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.40 0.40 0.63 0.58 0.45 0.46
High School Graduate da da da da 0.31 0.32 0.45 0.45 0.36 0.38
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.27 0.29 0.57 0.56 0.31 0.33
College Graduate da da da da 0.27 0.26 1.05 0.96 0.27 0.26
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.22 0.23 0.49 0.49 0.24 0.25
Part-Time da da da da 0.40 0.39 0.64 0.56 0.50 0.48
Unemployed da da da da 0.81 0.73 0.87 0.78 1.10 1.01
Other1 da da da da 0.22 0.24 0.55 0.56 0.24 0.25
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.21P – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.6226   0.0941   0.6645   0.1993   0.9914  
GENDER                    
Male 0.7377   0.8312   0.7268   0.0696   0.8854  
Female 0.7058   0.0274   0.8012   0.9572   0.8301  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9564   0.1480   0.9186   0.3196   0.6483  
White 0.8523   0.3442   0.8314   0.5796   0.6719  
Black or African American 0.8669   0.2736   0.8795   0.1149   0.8626  
AIAN 0.8347   0.1958   0.8171   0.7397   0.7474  
NHOPI 0.7110   *   0.6926   *   0.8705  
Asian 0.1924   0.1720   0.1547   0.8744   0.1548  
Two or More Races 0.1862   0.9014   0.1649   0.5769   0.2253  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1763   0.4209   0.1852   0.3799   0.2869  
EDUCATION                    
< High School da   da   0.6585   0.9397   0.6341  
High School Graduate da   da   0.7534   0.5325   0.6363  
Some College/Associate's Degree da   da   0.9826   0.6061   0.7618  
College Graduate da   da   0.3685   0.1335   0.5570  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da   da   0.9350   0.3576   0.7445  
Part-Time da   da   0.9823   0.1700   0.5670  
Unemployed da   da   0.0501   0.1575   0.1134  
Other1 da   da   0.9475   0.7071   0.9974  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.22C – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 757 793 73 67 746 782 175 161 709 749
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 323 301 29 24 322 298 72 75 306 280
Midwest 324 343 30 29 316 343 72 75 298 332
South 475 494 49 46 470 488 106 103 447 466
West 395 383 31 32 388 381 94 87 370 364
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 730 710 57 49 725 702 223 187 678 653
Small Metro 565 576 44 43 552 564 149 155 509 514
Nonmetro 437 444 32 30 424 435 94 99 377 391
Urbanized 291 303 20 16 285 298 75 72 244 268
Less Urbanized 357 322 24 24 344 314 65 67 307 278
Completely Rural 144 177 11 12 137 171 20 33 125 150
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 408 402 38 32 402 400 159 133 358 366
100-199% 406 393 37 32 402 390 103 109 387 368
200% or More 661 677 58 53 655 668 164 145 624 646
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 657 692 54 53 651 686 220 195 609 643
Medicaid/CHIP 417 398 53 43 408 392 98 99 378 366
Other3 426 439 10 16 426 438 62 54 417 435
No Coverage 307 313 17 19 304 312 92 86 285 295
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.22D – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.27 0.30 0.31 0.51 0.47 0.33 0.35
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.67 0.63 0.71 0.60 0.73 0.68 1.19 1.28 0.80 0.74
Midwest 0.57 0.60 0.57 0.55 0.61 0.66 0.98 1.03 0.67 0.74
South 0.46 0.48 0.51 0.48 0.51 0.52 0.83 0.80 0.56 0.57
West 0.61 0.59 0.53 0.53 0.66 0.64 1.15 1.06 0.74 0.71
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.39 0.39 0.37 0.34 0.42 0.42 0.73 0.66 0.46 0.46
Small Metro 0.49 0.54 0.57 0.54 0.54 0.59 0.92 0.88 0.59 0.65
Nonmetro 0.70 0.73 0.77 0.80 0.76 0.79 1.21 1.34 0.83 0.87
Urbanized 1.00 1.11 1.09 1.13 1.10 1.19 1.81 2.14 1.21 1.30
Less Urbanized 1.00 1.03 1.14 1.26 1.09 1.14 1.78 1.84 1.19 1.25
Completely Rural 2.09 2.33 2.73 2.53 2.25 2.53 4.42 4.85 2.39 2.61
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.76 0.70 0.66 0.56 0.85 0.80 1.02 0.97 1.06 1.00
100-199% 0.64 0.63 0.64 0.59 0.70 0.69 0.99 0.97 0.83 0.79
200% or More 0.31 0.33 0.38 0.36 0.33 0.35 0.73 0.66 0.35 0.38
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.31 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.36 0.68 0.64 0.35 0.40
Medicaid/CHIP 0.70 0.69 0.53 0.45 0.86 0.84 1.08 0.98 1.03 1.00
Other3 0.57 0.58 1.01 1.23 0.58 0.58 1.77 1.78 0.59 0.60
No Coverage 0.94 0.94 1.45 1.57 0.97 0.98 1.45 1.28 1.14 1.15
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.22P – Tobacco Product Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0517   0.0003   0.0982   0.0000   0.5576  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.1164   0.0129   0.1614   0.4404   0.2135  
Midwest 0.1885   0.2299   0.2123   0.0042   0.5465  
South 0.8697   0.0849   0.7517   0.0008   0.2343  
West 0.1288   0.0245   0.1739   0.1207   0.3041  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2000   0.0014   0.2664   0.0000   0.8933  
Small Metro 0.2242   0.3234   0.3118   0.0358   0.6058  
Nonmetro 0.3154   0.0251   0.4050   0.5335   0.4813  
Urbanized 0.6126   0.2565   0.5901   0.8093   0.7441  
Less Urbanized 0.2822   0.1028   0.3799   0.4798   0.3916  
Completely Rural 0.7083   0.1264   0.5370   0.9269   0.5738  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.3195   0.0101   0.4990   0.1537   0.7786  
100-199% 0.1837   0.0165   0.2219   0.4206   0.2972  
200% or More 0.1704   0.0810   0.2273   0.0000   0.9484  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.1076   0.0060   0.1510   0.0000   0.7185  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.2657   0.0003   0.5193   0.3258   0.6348  
Other3 0.9568   0.0542   0.9359   0.0583   0.8959  
No Coverage 0.3470   0.5963   0.2971   0.1020   0.5351  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected. Tobacco product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.23C – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 712 736 53 48 704 729 165 148 662 701
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 288 281 20 19 287 278 67 68 276 262
Midwest 308 330 23 19 303 333 66 70 288 320
South 456 457 34 35 456 450 104 95 428 436
West 373 337 25 20 366 336 84 76 351 323
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 625 613 39 33 622 610 172 143 586 578
Small Metro 515 502 30 31 509 496 117 117 472 460
Nonmetro 396 410 24 21 389 406 80 85 352 372
Urbanized 262 274 15 12 258 272 63 64 225 249
Less Urbanized 319 302 17 15 313 298 54 55 285 269
Completely Rural 125 166 6 11 122 161 18 27 112 145
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 369 361 26 24 365 360 112 103 334 337
100-199% 383 370 26 23 380 369 93 87 364 355
200% or More 578 597 39 38 574 594 135 120 550 580
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 573 602 37 36 570 601 162 145 542 576
Medicaid/CHIP 389 368 36 31 385 363 85 82 357 347
Other3 391 406 7 13 392 406 55 44 385 402
No Coverage 288 291 13 14 287 290 82 73 268 278
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.23D – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.27 0.21 0.19 0.28 0.29 0.48 0.43 0.31 0.33
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.60 0.59 0.49 0.48 0.65 0.63 1.12 1.15 0.72 0.69
Midwest 0.54 0.58 0.44 0.37 0.59 0.64 0.90 0.97 0.65 0.72
South 0.44 0.44 0.36 0.36 0.49 0.48 0.82 0.75 0.53 0.54
West 0.58 0.52 0.41 0.33 0.63 0.57 1.02 0.93 0.70 0.63
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.35 0.36 0.27 0.23 0.38 0.39 0.67 0.59 0.42 0.43
Small Metro 0.48 0.50 0.41 0.40 0.52 0.54 0.86 0.83 0.58 0.60
Nonmetro 0.67 0.69 0.60 0.56 0.73 0.77 1.19 1.34 0.79 0.85
Urbanized 0.96 1.04 0.88 0.82 1.05 1.14 1.81 2.17 1.14 1.27
Less Urbanized 0.93 1.00 0.88 0.83 1.02 1.13 1.79 1.76 1.11 1.24
Completely Rural 1.97 2.21 1.98 2.37 2.18 2.40 4.24 5.09 2.26 2.58
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.74 0.68 0.47 0.42 0.85 0.77 0.99 0.91 1.04 0.96
100-199% 0.61 0.60 0.46 0.42 0.67 0.66 0.95 0.87 0.78 0.77
200% or More 0.28 0.30 0.27 0.26 0.30 0.33 0.67 0.61 0.33 0.36
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.28 0.31 0.25 0.24 0.30 0.33 0.59 0.56 0.33 0.37
Medicaid/CHIP 0.69 0.66 0.38 0.33 0.84 0.81 0.99 0.88 1.00 0.97
Other3 0.53 0.54 0.71 1.02 0.54 0.55 1.69 1.58 0.55 0.57
No Coverage 0.93 0.90 1.13 1.21 0.97 0.94 1.43 1.18 1.14 1.13
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.23P – Tobacco Product Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0067   0.0213   0.0092   0.0000   0.1271  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.0404   0.2280   0.0437   0.2093   0.0738  
Midwest 0.0437   0.4372   0.0460   0.0019   0.1615  
South 0.9534   0.5124   0.9337   0.0076   0.4470  
West 0.0446   0.0174   0.0575   0.0037   0.2051  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.0755   0.0461   0.0766   0.0000   0.4524  
Small Metro 0.0379   0.4304   0.0583   0.0086   0.1832  
Nonmetro 0.3478   0.1847   0.3739   0.6739   0.4172  
Urbanized 0.3677   0.2290   0.3365   0.8396   0.4060  
Less Urbanized 0.4075   0.2551   0.4837   0.6985   0.4875  
Completely Rural 0.3665   0.7017   0.3266   0.7985   0.3188  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.1704   0.1815   0.2183   0.0541   0.4522  
100-199% 0.1682   0.0369   0.1762   0.1003   0.3142  
200% or More 0.0319   0.3298   0.0363   0.0000   0.2668  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.0267   0.0432   0.0307   0.0000   0.2573  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.1303   0.0127   0.1872   0.2981   0.2258  
Other3 0.7562   0.0880   0.7525   0.0129   0.9602  
No Coverage 0.2472   0.5153   0.2088   0.0492   0.4472  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.24C – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 725 731 60 56 717 723 164 151 681 691
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 304 283 21 18 305 280 65 66 291 265
Midwest 315 339 26 26 310 339 72 73 292 324
South 438 455 41 41 434 450 98 100 414 427
West 381 344 25 26 373 342 90 80 351 329
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 653 607 46 38 649 602 191 150 606 564
Small Metro 499 502 34 36 492 494 124 127 460 454
Nonmetro 372 385 26 25 362 379 81 87 323 340
Urbanized 241 255 16 13 235 252 61 65 203 223
Less Urbanized 307 283 19 20 298 277 57 55 266 251
Completely Rural 118 148 9 11 112 143 19 31 102 122
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 386 371 30 28 382 369 136 112 348 341
100-199% 382 370 31 27 380 369 93 94 365 351
200% or More 561 563 44 42 556 558 131 124 532 535
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 561 564 42 41 556 562 183 156 522 531
Medicaid/CHIP 401 375 44 35 395 371 90 88 369 348
Other3 383 396 8 14 384 395 57 44 376 391
No Coverage 290 291 13 17 289 291 85 77 269 275
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.24D – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.23 0.29 0.29 0.48 0.44 0.32 0.32
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.63 0.59 0.52 0.46 0.69 0.64 1.09 1.12 0.77 0.70
Midwest 0.55 0.59 0.48 0.49 0.60 0.65 0.98 1.01 0.66 0.73
South 0.43 0.44 0.43 0.42 0.47 0.48 0.77 0.78 0.52 0.53
West 0.59 0.53 0.43 0.43 0.64 0.58 1.10 0.98 0.70 0.65
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.36 0.35 0.30 0.27 0.39 0.38 0.68 0.59 0.44 0.42
Small Metro 0.48 0.50 0.45 0.47 0.52 0.54 0.90 0.83 0.58 0.61
Nonmetro 0.65 0.69 0.63 0.68 0.71 0.75 1.14 1.39 0.77 0.81
Urbanized 0.93 1.03 0.92 0.90 1.01 1.11 1.68 2.24 1.10 1.20
Less Urbanized 0.98 1.04 0.94 1.09 1.07 1.15 1.75 1.86 1.15 1.25
Completely Rural 2.13 2.24 2.42 2.28 2.27 2.45 4.67 4.86 2.39 2.42
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.74 0.68 0.54 0.49 0.83 0.77 0.98 0.94 1.05 0.96
100-199% 0.61 0.60 0.54 0.52 0.67 0.66 0.95 0.93 0.78 0.76
200% or More 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.66 0.61 0.32 0.34
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.30 0.31 0.64 0.57 0.32 0.34
Medicaid/CHIP 0.70 0.67 0.44 0.37 0.85 0.82 1.07 0.94 1.02 0.97
Other3 0.52 0.53 0.78 1.11 0.53 0.53 1.70 1.57 0.54 0.55
No Coverage 0.92 0.89 1.15 1.47 0.96 0.93 1.41 1.21 1.12 1.09
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.24P – Cigarette Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1843   0.0161   0.2413   0.0000   0.9607  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.3746   0.0941   0.4265   0.5752   0.5018  
Midwest 0.2438   0.7488   0.2397   0.0354   0.4644  
South 0.9556   0.1677   0.9571   0.0002   0.3101  
West 0.4295   0.0869   0.4905   0.0248   0.8856  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.3963   0.0158   0.4430   0.0000   0.8164  
Small Metro 0.1901   0.8249   0.2377   0.0060   0.5888  
Nonmetro 0.8970   0.0600   0.9937   0.8127   0.9451  
Urbanized 0.8119   0.0759   0.8040   0.5204   0.7933  
Less Urbanized 0.6229   0.5426   0.6776   0.2872   0.7872  
Completely Rural 0.7042   0.1130   0.5439   0.9935   0.5893  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.2234   0.0868   0.3044   0.0246   0.6722  
100-199% 0.1751   0.0442   0.1937   0.1066   0.3580  
200% or More 0.7256   0.3763   0.7771   0.0000   0.4894  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.4702   0.0841   0.5153   0.0005   0.7689  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.2350   0.0005   0.4182   0.0827   0.6223  
Other3 0.8374   0.0104   0.8052   0.0003   0.8704  
No Coverage 0.2617   0.1193   0.1999   0.0463   0.4422  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.25C – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 673 677 43 39 666 672 150 133 631 644
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 282 262 15 14 281 258 61 56 267 244
Midwest 299 313 18 16 295 315 61 67 279 300
South 416 420 29 30 415 415 92 88 393 399
West 344 318 20 16 339 318 82 67 323 306
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 573 549 33 27 570 547 142 115 540 518
Small Metro 463 446 23 25 460 443 102 97 432 414
Nonmetro 336 355 18 17 330 352 67 74 302 322
Urbanized 221 227 11 9 218 226 51 56 195 206
Less Urbanized 270 267 12 13 265 263 47 44 242 242
Completely Rural 100 133 6 8 97 130 16 25 89 115
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 351 338 22 21 350 337 101 85 323 319
100-199% 357 347 21 19 355 346 80 78 343 337
200% or More 499 509 32 28 495 508 113 101 475 491
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 490 508 30 28 487 507 137 118 463 488
Medicaid/CHIP 372 346 29 26 369 343 77 72 347 328
Other3 359 372 6 9 360 371 45 38 355 367
No Coverage 268 273 11 12 267 273 76 66 250 262
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.25D – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.17 0.16 0.27 0.27 0.44 0.39 0.30 0.30
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.59 0.55 0.36 0.35 0.64 0.59 1.02 0.96 0.70 0.64
Midwest 0.52 0.55 0.34 0.30 0.57 0.61 0.84 0.92 0.63 0.67
South 0.41 0.41 0.30 0.31 0.45 0.44 0.72 0.69 0.49 0.49
West 0.53 0.49 0.34 0.26 0.58 0.54 0.99 0.82 0.64 0.60
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.33 0.33 0.23 0.19 0.36 0.36 0.60 0.50 0.40 0.39
Small Metro 0.46 0.46 0.32 0.34 0.50 0.50 0.81 0.73 0.56 0.56
Nonmetro 0.62 0.65 0.47 0.47 0.68 0.72 1.09 1.30 0.74 0.78
Urbanized 0.90 0.94 0.70 0.61 0.98 1.02 1.66 2.06 1.09 1.13
Less Urbanized 0.90 1.00 0.64 0.74 0.99 1.11 1.64 1.68 1.08 1.22
Completely Rural 2.00 2.03 1.78 1.86 2.19 2.26 4.44 5.08 2.27 2.32
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.72 0.67 0.40 0.38 0.83 0.77 0.93 0.83 1.02 0.96
100-199% 0.58 0.57 0.37 0.37 0.64 0.63 0.89 0.81 0.74 0.74
200% or More 0.26 0.27 0.22 0.19 0.27 0.29 0.60 0.54 0.29 0.31
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.25 0.27 0.21 0.19 0.27 0.29 0.54 0.49 0.29 0.32
Medicaid/CHIP 0.67 0.64 0.30 0.28 0.83 0.79 0.96 0.82 0.99 0.95
Other3 0.49 0.50 0.58 0.72 0.50 0.51 1.50 1.42 0.51 0.52
No Coverage 0.89 0.87 0.98 1.06 0.92 0.91 1.36 1.09 1.09 1.09
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.25P – Cigarette Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0306   0.0461   0.0364   0.0000   0.3338  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.1018   0.3772   0.1061   0.1455   0.1731  
Midwest 0.0343   0.6285   0.0338   0.0062   0.0943  
South 0.9052   0.3404   0.8689   0.0036   0.3921  
West 0.2020   0.0792   0.2283   0.0005   0.6815  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.1351   0.0402   0.1374   0.0000   0.6173  
Small Metro 0.0525   0.6770   0.0729   0.0009   0.2650  
Nonmetro 0.8378   0.3589   0.8466   0.6806   0.9251  
Urbanized 0.7512   0.2137   0.7054   0.6821   0.6990  
Less Urbanized 0.8380   0.7956   0.8686   0.3037   0.9838  
Completely Rural 0.4860   0.8300   0.4236   0.8848   0.4253  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.0777   0.5412   0.0904   0.0026   0.3385  
100-199% 0.1348   0.3344   0.1207   0.0876   0.2280  
200% or More 0.2761   0.1004   0.3170   0.0000   0.9267  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.1732   0.0930   0.1823   0.0000   0.7000  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.1084   0.0473   0.1375   0.0167   0.2690  
Other3 0.5867   0.1219   0.5890   0.0005   0.8558  
No Coverage 0.2028   0.6121   0.1761   0.0385   0.3913  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.26C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 274 287 41 39 273 284 93 87 255 267
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 89 89 15 12 89 89 30 34 86 80
Midwest 133 137 18 15 133 136 45 44 123 128
South 204 191 29 28 202 188 57 52 190 178
West 122 131 15 19 122 129 46 43 112 122
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 190 190 27 28 188 189 71 68 177 179
Small Metro 170 186 24 24 166 183 52 59 152 165
Nonmetro 162 149 22 17 159 146 40 39 147 134
Urbanized 110 91 15 9 107 90 28 23 98 85
Less Urbanized 124 112 16 12 121 110 28 30 110 99
Completely Rural 46 59 6 9 44 55 10 13 41 52
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 92 106 19 16 91 104 43 48 81 90
100-199% 136 118 16 15 134 117 43 41 125 109
200% or More 227 240 34 33 225 239 71 65 213 231
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 228 236 29 29 228 234 85 80 209 221
Medicaid/CHIP 104 101 25 24 100 98 33 33 94 93
Other3 144 139 7 11 143 139 23 22 141 137
No Coverage 102 106 11 9 101 105 30 28 97 100
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.26D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.10 0.10 0.16 0.16 0.11 0.11 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.19 0.19 0.36 0.31 0.20 0.20 0.49 0.59 0.23 0.21
Midwest 0.23 0.24 0.34 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.61 0.61 0.28 0.29
South 0.20 0.18 0.31 0.29 0.22 0.20 0.45 0.41 0.24 0.22
West 0.19 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.21 0.22 0.56 0.52 0.22 0.24
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.12 0.12 0.18 0.20 0.13 0.13 0.35 0.34 0.14 0.15
Small Metro 0.20 0.21 0.33 0.32 0.21 0.23 0.46 0.50 0.23 0.24
Nonmetro 0.37 0.34 0.58 0.47 0.40 0.37 0.80 0.77 0.43 0.40
Urbanized 0.57 0.47 0.91 0.61 0.62 0.50 1.10 1.07 0.67 0.54
Less Urbanized 0.53 0.52 0.83 0.66 0.59 0.58 1.19 1.19 0.63 0.63
Completely Rural 1.07 1.16 1.87 1.96 1.13 1.23 3.19 2.79 1.20 1.37
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.23 0.25 0.34 0.29 0.26 0.29 0.45 0.50 0.32 0.33
100-199% 0.25 0.21 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.51 0.49 0.31 0.26
200% or More 0.12 0.13 0.23 0.22 0.13 0.14 0.40 0.37 0.14 0.15
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.12 0.13 0.20 0.20 0.13 0.14 0.38 0.36 0.14 0.15
Medicaid/CHIP 0.22 0.22 0.26 0.25 0.27 0.26 0.43 0.44 0.32 0.31
Other3 0.21 0.20 0.66 0.93 0.21 0.20 0.90 0.84 0.22 0.21
No Coverage 0.40 0.40 0.95 0.80 0.42 0.42 0.62 0.56 0.50 0.50
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.26P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0245   0.0340   0.0509   0.0647   0.1835  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.0800   0.0289   0.1539   0.9559   0.1403  
Midwest 0.1464   0.1365   0.2002   0.1954   0.3958  
South 0.1985   0.3237   0.2519   0.0412   0.5859  
West 0.8867   0.8118   0.9091   0.9790   0.9124  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2439   0.4457   0.2824   0.0636   0.7077  
Small Metro 0.5732   0.6022   0.6403   0.7605   0.7111  
Nonmetro 0.0131   0.0016   0.0392   0.3339   0.0616  
Urbanized 0.0155   0.0059   0.0374   0.2453   0.0902  
Less Urbanized 0.1634   0.0378   0.2704   0.6034   0.2697  
Completely Rural 0.7601   0.6628   0.7100   0.9944   0.7670  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.8032   0.0354   0.8959   0.9375   0.8228  
100-199% 0.0190   0.0735   0.0291   0.6696   0.0319  
200% or More 0.1766   0.4621   0.2145   0.0171   0.6235  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.0590   0.1255   0.0898   0.0764   0.2686  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.4262   0.0211   0.7687   0.6833   0.6836  
Other3 0.5336   0.3531   0.4933   0.7718   0.5167  
No Coverage 0.5841   0.4288   0.6239   0.2832   0.8477  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.27C – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 246 245 26 25 246 243 72 65 232 233
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 76 72 9 8 77 71 23 27 74 63
Midwest 117 119 11 8 117 119 36 35 111 114
South 188 169 19 20 187 168 48 44 176 160
West 99 106 11 9 99 105 32 24 91 102
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 162 169 16 17 161 169 52 51 152 161
Small Metro 146 152 16 15 144 151 41 43 134 138
Nonmetro 148 130 15 12 146 128 33 31 137 122
Urbanized 100 78 11 7 98 78 23 18 90 74
Less Urbanized 110 94 10 8 109 93 22 25 101 87
Completely Rural 43 55 3 5 42 53 9 8 39 51
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 74 94 12 10 73 93 27 37 69 83
100-199% 126 97 11 10 124 96 33 32 118 91
200% or More 201 209 21 21 201 208 54 48 192 203
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 205 204 19 18 205 203 65 57 189 196
Medicaid/CHIP 94 79 17 16 92 77 24 25 89 72
Other3 137 120 5 6 137 119 18 18 136 118
No Coverage 83 87 7 6 82 87 22 23 80 83
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.27D – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.21 0.19 0.11 0.11
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.16 0.15 0.22 0.19 0.17 0.16 0.38 0.45 0.20 0.17
Midwest 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.16 0.23 0.23 0.49 0.49 0.25 0.25
South 0.18 0.16 0.20 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.38 0.34 0.22 0.20
West 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.39 0.30 0.18 0.20
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.27 0.26 0.13 0.13
Small Metro 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.20 0.18 0.19 0.37 0.39 0.20 0.21
Nonmetro 0.35 0.30 0.41 0.33 0.38 0.33 0.70 0.67 0.41 0.36
Urbanized 0.54 0.40 0.69 0.50 0.59 0.44 0.94 0.86 0.64 0.48
Less Urbanized 0.48 0.45 0.55 0.44 0.53 0.50 1.02 1.07 0.57 0.56
Completely Rural 1.05 1.14 1.09 1.30 1.11 1.23 2.88 1.97 1.18 1.36
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.19 0.23 0.23 0.18 0.21 0.26 0.31 0.41 0.27 0.31
100-199% 0.23 0.17 0.20 0.18 0.25 0.19 0.40 0.38 0.29 0.22
200% or More 0.11 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.32 0.28 0.13 0.14
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.11 0.11 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.30 0.26 0.13 0.13
Medicaid/CHIP 0.20 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.25 0.20 0.31 0.34 0.30 0.24
Other3 0.20 0.17 0.53 0.52 0.20 0.17 0.70 0.69 0.21 0.18
No Coverage 0.33 0.33 0.63 0.51 0.34 0.35 0.47 0.47 0.41 0.42
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.27P – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0477   0.1131   0.0685   0.2064   0.1399  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.0838   0.0718   0.1260   0.5050   0.0704  
Midwest 0.2904   0.2371   0.3357   0.2156   0.5555  
South 0.2584   0.5981   0.2817   0.3274   0.4118  
West 0.7827   0.7229   0.8054   0.6350   0.9083  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.4200   0.9796   0.4041   0.5097   0.5255  
Small Metro 0.5567   0.1312   0.6992   0.4621   0.8753  
Nonmetro 0.0179   0.1151   0.0259   0.3372   0.0399  
Urbanized 0.0309   0.3861   0.0346   0.1472   0.0788  
Less Urbanized 0.1217   0.0751   0.1760   0.9587   0.1419  
Completely Rural 0.7008   0.6717   0.6965   0.3429   0.5813  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.6180   0.0630   0.4513   0.2997   0.6631  
100-199% 0.0165   0.1166   0.0211   0.4383   0.0301  
200% or More 0.2154   0.8138   0.2246   0.0678   0.4579  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.1224   0.4015   0.1374   0.0840   0.3270  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0761   0.0576   0.1399   0.4270   0.0736  
Other3 0.5782   0.9516   0.5831   0.5774   0.5240  
No Coverage 0.8554   0.6677   0.8695   0.9344   0.8819  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.28C – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 918 954 108 105 881 926 177 161 845 892
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 374 361 45 37 360 349 60 62 344 342
Midwest 343 367 46 41 331 354 66 70 318 342
South 586 604 69 69 559 588 117 100 532 566
West 450 497 52 51 429 486 89 81 414 471
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 1,472 1,603 102 98 1,447 1,577 406 332 1,394 1,478
Small Metro 1,044 1,075 65 64 1,021 1,056 250 258 945 965
Nonmetro 681 750 45 41 665 738 128 129 606 676
Urbanized 518 551 31 25 506 542 106 97 448 491
Less Urbanized 525 555 34 32 510 544 86 92 464 492
Completely Rural 302 293 10 14 297 288 26 35 284 265
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 533 466 49 49 526 456 292 226 405 380
100-199% 583 558 54 51 574 550 161 159 542 522
200% or More 1,633 1,617 105 100 1,602 1,591 249 246 1,548 1,523
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 1,549 1,558 105 100 1,521 1,534 373 350 1,457 1,427
Medicaid/CHIP 477 479 70 65 460 464 143 140 418 432
Other3 908 928 19 22 905 927 91 84 897 922
No Coverage 399 380 23 27 399 381 120 114 362 359
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.28D – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.34 0.35 0.43 0.42 0.36 0.37 0.52 0.47 0.40 0.42
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.78 0.75 1.10 0.92 0.82 0.80 1.01 1.06 0.91 0.90
Midwest 0.60 0.64 0.86 0.78 0.64 0.68 0.90 0.97 0.72 0.77
South 0.57 0.58 0.72 0.72 0.60 0.63 0.92 0.78 0.66 0.70
West 0.70 0.76 0.87 0.86 0.73 0.82 1.08 0.99 0.82 0.92
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.48 0.50 0.61 0.58 0.50 0.53 0.76 0.67 0.56 0.60
Small Metro 0.56 0.55 0.75 0.71 0.60 0.60 0.82 0.78 0.68 0.67
Nonmetro 0.75 0.80 0.97 0.96 0.82 0.86 1.06 1.10 0.90 0.95
Urbanized 1.16 1.20 1.50 1.44 1.27 1.28 1.50 1.59 1.40 1.42
Less Urbanized 1.07 1.28 1.38 1.49 1.16 1.37 1.69 1.63 1.29 1.52
Completely Rural 2.27 2.62 2.75 3.08 2.34 2.84 4.77 3.88 2.50 3.01
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.82 0.77 0.81 0.77 0.91 0.87 1.23 1.07 1.10 1.02
100-199% 0.72 0.70 0.88 0.84 0.79 0.76 0.99 0.97 0.91 0.88
200% or More 0.36 0.37 0.59 0.57 0.38 0.40 0.59 0.60 0.41 0.44
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.37 0.37 0.59 0.57 0.39 0.39 0.60 0.56 0.43 0.44
Medicaid/CHIP 0.71 0.73 0.68 0.61 0.86 0.89 1.11 1.02 1.04 1.08
Other3 0.80 0.79 1.71 1.64 0.81 0.80 1.60 1.61 0.83 0.83
No Coverage 0.89 0.85 1.81 2.01 0.92 0.87 1.27 1.26 1.09 1.03
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.28P – Alcohol Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.6611   0.0706   0.7567   0.1532   0.9777  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.1121   0.3230   0.1109   0.1736   0.1673  
Midwest 0.7501   0.1142   0.6226   0.9716   0.6058  
South 0.7334   0.3102   0.6658   0.2486   0.4893  
West 0.8321   0.8543   0.8184   0.7706   0.8636  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.6213   0.3784   0.5165   0.1380   0.7098  
Small Metro 0.6474   0.2587   0.9683   0.7559   0.9715  
Nonmetro 0.5627   0.1077   0.4921   0.7658   0.4453  
Urbanized 0.3830   0.3029   0.4460   0.5090   0.3225  
Less Urbanized 0.5576   0.3202   0.4506   0.7341   0.4922  
Completely Rural 0.0624   0.4126   0.1027   0.9890   0.0952  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.5867   0.1738   0.7621   0.9918   0.8118  
100-199% 0.7410   0.0912   0.7150   0.1308   0.4584  
200% or More 0.6436   0.5212   0.6817   0.3324   0.7957  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.9535   0.3182   0.9970   0.4452   0.8694  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.4707   0.0090   0.7790   0.4474   0.6718  
Other3 0.9679   0.4979   0.9890   0.2817   0.9254  
No Coverage 0.4521   0.1083   0.3083   0.0221   0.6936  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.29C – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 911 1,005 76 72 901 979 206 194 857 924
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 407 387 33 28 397 379 75 80 375 362
Midwest 368 383 33 29 359 373 83 84 337 357
South 560 609 49 46 551 596 134 118 528 562
West 495 543 32 39 486 527 109 101 465 499
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 1,298 1,411 64 65 1,292 1,398 339 288 1,252 1,314
Small Metro 855 923 41 39 848 917 205 225 790 844
Nonmetro 536 595 29 27 530 591 102 104 493 541
Urbanized 399 452 22 18 394 448 85 82 355 404
Less Urbanized 415 421 18 19 409 417 65 68 381 380
Completely Rural 239 225 9 9 236 223 20 26 226 206
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 432 384 32 29 430 380 234 197 340 319
100-199% 482 470 35 34 478 468 134 134 454 438
200% or More 1,393 1,445 65 65 1,381 1,434 216 217 1,337 1,369
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 1,329 1,391 66 67 1,318 1,381 329 314 1,261 1,285
Medicaid/CHIP 371 386 46 41 363 381 105 106 338 364
Other3 761 830 10 16 761 829 77 72 756 822
No Coverage 350 315 16 17 349 315 97 90 323 299
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.29D – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.33 0.37 0.30 0.29 0.36 0.39 0.60 0.57 0.40 0.43
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.85 0.81 0.81 0.71 0.90 0.86 1.24 1.36 0.99 0.96
Midwest 0.65 0.67 0.63 0.55 0.70 0.72 1.14 1.16 0.76 0.80
South 0.55 0.59 0.51 0.48 0.59 0.63 1.05 0.92 0.66 0.69
West 0.77 0.83 0.54 0.66 0.83 0.89 1.32 1.24 0.93 0.98
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.51 0.54 0.42 0.42 0.55 0.57 0.87 0.79 0.61 0.63
Small Metro 0.53 0.60 0.55 0.49 0.58 0.64 0.96 1.01 0.65 0.71
Nonmetro 0.77 0.79 0.73 0.72 0.84 0.85 1.27 1.21 0.94 0.94
Urbanized 1.19 1.19 1.29 1.17 1.31 1.27 1.86 1.88 1.46 1.38
Less Urbanized 1.11 1.20 0.90 0.97 1.21 1.30 1.79 1.51 1.36 1.47
Completely Rural 2.38 2.96 2.53 2.41 2.57 3.13 5.64 4.62 2.76 3.30
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.77 0.75 0.58 0.49 0.86 0.84 1.31 1.25 1.03 0.98
100-199% 0.68 0.71 0.61 0.62 0.75 0.78 1.08 1.04 0.86 0.87
200% or More 0.38 0.41 0.42 0.41 0.41 0.44 0.74 0.70 0.45 0.47
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.74 0.69 0.45 0.46
Medicaid/CHIP 0.64 0.70 0.49 0.42 0.79 0.86 1.03 1.07 0.95 1.04
Other3 0.77 0.81 0.93 1.24 0.79 0.82 1.77 1.81 0.81 0.85
No Coverage 0.94 0.87 1.38 1.44 0.96 0.91 1.34 1.26 1.15 1.07
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 2.29P – Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1885   0.0301   0.2242   0.0987   0.3676  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.0792   0.0416   0.0919   0.1256   0.1526  
Midwest 0.7016   0.2920   0.6602   0.4589   0.5416  
South 0.6905   0.2171   0.7350   0.3129   0.9023  
West 0.3947   0.8082   0.3851   0.9420   0.3702  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2475   0.1464   0.2012   0.1932   0.2919  
Small Metro 0.4046   0.1471   0.6286   0.3120   0.7883  
Nonmetro 0.7107   0.4315   0.7156   0.8503   0.6824  
Urbanized 0.2298   0.5922   0.2981   0.8071   0.2789  
Less Urbanized 0.9277   0.9596   0.8985   0.6630   0.8491  
Completely Rural 0.0358   0.1833   0.0638   0.9841   0.0600  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.2917   0.0089   0.4473   0.6817   0.3670  
100-199% 0.3115   0.2810   0.2815   0.0859   0.4930  
200% or More 0.5311   0.4093   0.5667   0.0966   0.7677  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.4436   0.2147   0.4066   0.2671   0.5399  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.5304   0.0013   0.8302   0.5603   0.7131  
Other3 0.7328   0.0451   0.7539   0.3383   0.8130  
No Coverage 0.0699   0.9544   0.0556   0.0245   0.1703  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.30C – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 729 703 55 55 724 696 195 175 678 670
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 321 322 25 22 314 320 75 75 291 304
Midwest 289 311 25 22 286 308 87 79 257 296
South 405 423 33 34 400 420 110 102 386 407
West 416 366 25 29 418 365 111 100 389 343
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 730 719 45 47 725 714 243 208 677 666
Small Metro 489 479 29 29 484 475 160 165 442 429
Nonmetro 325 327 20 20 321 326 81 77 290 303
Urbanized 223 238 15 14 221 236 65 58 194 214
Less Urbanized 241 253 13 12 238 252 51 51 216 231
Completely Rural 136 127 6 9 135 126 17 19 125 118
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 307 289 22 21 307 288 162 146 249 247
100-199% 322 319 25 26 320 318 107 96 299 300
200% or More 765 742 47 47 757 739 167 158 722 707
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 766 734 49 48 760 730 250 230 705 674
Medicaid/CHIP 276 274 32 31 273 272 80 78 252 260
Other3 380 372 7 12 380 371 58 55 374 365
No Coverage 254 254 11 16 254 254 85 72 231 244
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.30D – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.28 0.57 0.51 0.32 0.31
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.67 0.67 0.61 0.55 0.71 0.73 1.24 1.27 0.77 0.80
Midwest 0.51 0.54 0.48 0.42 0.55 0.59 1.19 1.09 0.58 0.66
South 0.39 0.41 0.35 0.35 0.43 0.45 0.86 0.80 0.48 0.50
West 0.65 0.56 0.41 0.49 0.72 0.62 1.35 1.22 0.77 0.67
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.39 0.37 0.30 0.32 0.43 0.41 0.79 0.74 0.46 0.45
Small Metro 0.45 0.45 0.40 0.37 0.49 0.49 0.98 0.95 0.54 0.53
Nonmetro 0.58 0.60 0.54 0.54 0.63 0.66 1.19 1.06 0.68 0.75
Urbanized 0.86 0.82 0.95 0.90 0.94 0.90 1.80 1.64 1.02 1.01
Less Urbanized 0.85 0.94 0.65 0.66 0.93 1.02 1.68 1.40 1.01 1.17
Completely Rural 1.94 2.41 1.84 2.24 2.12 2.65 5.10 4.23 2.19 2.89
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.64 0.60 0.40 0.38 0.73 0.68 1.19 1.08 0.86 0.81
100-199% 0.52 0.53 0.45 0.49 0.58 0.58 1.03 0.90 0.65 0.66
200% or More 0.33 0.33 0.31 0.31 0.36 0.35 0.72 0.69 0.38 0.38
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.32 0.36 0.35 0.73 0.68 0.39 0.38
Medicaid/CHIP 0.52 0.53 0.34 0.31 0.65 0.67 0.90 0.88 0.78 0.79
Other3 0.50 0.49 0.68 0.96 0.51 0.50 1.71 1.66 0.52 0.51
No Coverage 0.83 0.80 0.98 1.36 0.86 0.83 1.36 1.15 1.00 1.01
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.30P – Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.9846   0.0757   0.9028   0.0063   0.3489  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.3647   0.0367   0.4305   0.3157   0.5959  
Midwest 0.3555   0.1864   0.3106   0.0159   0.0706  
South 0.5640   0.7471   0.5625   0.2842   0.3647  
West 0.6241   0.7191   0.6329   0.2993   0.8599  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.4749   0.6961   0.5323   0.0476   0.2185  
Small Metro 0.2029   0.0271   0.3356   0.1331   0.5736  
Nonmetro 0.6992   0.2705   0.6663   0.2347   0.4594  
Urbanized 0.5414   0.5489   0.6023   0.6224   0.4034  
Less Urbanized 0.6707   0.4675   0.6140   0.4283   0.5369  
Completely Rural 0.2650   0.4027   0.3496   0.3438   0.4266  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.5727   0.1963   0.4696   0.3316   0.6319  
100-199% 0.8874   0.6599   0.9465   0.0004   0.2521  
200% or More 0.7584   0.1729   0.8333   0.0120   0.6982  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.9251   0.1292   0.9524   0.0597   0.6195  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.8140   0.0109   0.9432   0.2672   0.6829  
Other3 0.5137   0.0824   0.5034   0.2076   0.5963  
No Coverage 0.5201   0.2703   0.6033   0.0621   0.2559  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.31C – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 366 394 19 17 364 391 116 115 337 369
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 171 157 9 6 168 156 50 53 153 145
Midwest 163 184 9 7 162 182 52 60 143 166
South 215 227 11 13 215 225 56 55 207 218
West 194 197 9 5 194 197 69 60 174 188
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 313 340 15 12 312 340 101 102 287 317
Small Metro 206 200 10 9 205 199 72 74 189 184
Nonmetro 138 156 6 9 138 155 39 39 128 146
Urbanized 94 100 4 3 93 100 34 28 82 95
Less Urbanized 96 115 4 5 96 115 22 26 90 105
Completely Rural 44 56 2 * 44 55 8 8 42 54
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 139 136 7 5 139 136 70 66 115 119
100-199% 154 140 8 6 153 140 56 44 137 132
200% or More 338 365 16 15 336 364 78 83 321 349
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 333 355 17 15 331 353 108 116 304 329
Medicaid/CHIP 124 135 10 7 124 135 38 35 113 132
Other3 178 176 3 5 178 176 28 28 175 174
No Coverage 132 122 5 4 132 122 44 31 121 118
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.31D – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.13 0.14 0.08 0.07 0.15 0.16 0.34 0.34 0.16 0.17
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.36 0.33 0.23 0.16 0.38 0.36 0.84 0.90 0.40 0.38
Midwest 0.29 0.32 0.17 0.13 0.31 0.35 0.71 0.83 0.32 0.37
South 0.21 0.22 0.11 0.14 0.23 0.24 0.44 0.43 0.26 0.27
West 0.30 0.30 0.14 0.08 0.33 0.33 0.85 0.73 0.35 0.37
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.19 0.21 0.10 0.08 0.21 0.22 0.47 0.47 0.23 0.25
Small Metro 0.24 0.23 0.15 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.59 0.59 0.28 0.27
Nonmetro 0.32 0.36 0.16 0.26 0.36 0.39 0.80 0.76 0.38 0.43
Urbanized 0.51 0.50 0.24 0.18 0.56 0.55 1.37 1.19 0.58 0.61
Less Urbanized 0.45 0.55 0.21 0.31 0.50 0.61 0.99 1.02 0.54 0.66
Completely Rural 0.88 1.35 0.63 * 0.98 1.47 2.68 1.94 1.03 1.64
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.34 0.33 0.12 0.09 0.39 0.38 0.78 0.67 0.44 0.45
100-199% 0.27 0.25 0.15 0.12 0.30 0.28 0.63 0.50 0.33 0.32
200% or More 0.18 0.19 0.11 0.11 0.19 0.21 0.44 0.45 0.20 0.22
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.17 0.18 0.11 0.10 0.19 0.20 0.45 0.48 0.20 0.21
Medicaid/CHIP 0.26 0.29 0.11 0.08 0.33 0.36 0.50 0.45 0.38 0.44
Other3 0.26 0.24 0.32 0.44 0.26 0.25 1.02 1.05 0.27 0.25
No Coverage 0.50 0.45 0.45 0.32 0.52 0.47 0.90 0.61 0.61 0.56
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.31P – Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2017)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2017)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.6226   0.0941   0.6645   0.1993   0.9914  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.7398   0.0468   0.8017   0.6766   0.9299  
Midwest 0.6327   0.3907   0.6494   0.4611   0.8208  
South 0.3341   0.5081   0.3087   0.3441   0.4347  
West 0.3130   0.0290   0.2790   0.6438   0.1963  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.4745   0.0399   0.4569   0.4773   0.3014  
Small Metro 0.0024   0.1962   0.0038   0.0713   0.0168  
Nonmetro 0.2790   0.2837   0.3182   0.3654   0.4076  
Urbanized 0.9841   0.6492   0.9606   0.4790   0.8603  
Less Urbanized 0.0891   0.1594   0.0982   0.4496   0.1212  
Completely Rural 0.6275   *   0.6252   0.7297   0.6617  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.8038   0.2824   0.7497   0.9143   0.7391  
100-199% 0.3341   0.3499   0.3291   0.0269   0.8319  
200% or More 0.7942   0.2632   0.8310   0.4421   0.9933  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.8010   0.1107   0.8280   0.4883   0.9616  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.3009   0.1622   0.2677   0.4680   0.1667  
Other3 0.3048   0.3011   0.3009   0.6870   0.3244  
No Coverage 0.0528   0.6714   0.0503   0.0347   0.1786  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.32C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 300 262 280 246 210 189 159 141 69 63
GENDER                    
Male 176 170 164 159 130 115 98 88 47 43
Female 194 172 182 161 129 128 101 93 44 38
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 262 234 246 219 186 167 143 126 63 58
White 228 206 214 194 170 152 129 116 61 57
Black or African American 81 81 70 71 47 44 35 28 12 7
AIAN 12 11 11 10 8 6 7 3 0 1
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 57 54 52 51 37 31 25 25 7 8
Two or More Races 37 30 35 25 25 18 18 14 6 4
Hispanic or Latino 133 119 116 108 84 73 60 53 23 20
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 136 129 127 121 104 93 79 72 41 40
Female, White, Not Hispanic 138 129 132 122 101 99 80 76 39 33
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 53 57 48 49 33 31 24 22 9 5
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 57 51 49 45 33 28 24 17 8 5
Male, Hispanic 84 74 74 68 58 45 44 35 19 13
Female, Hispanic 92 85 81 78 52 57 37 39 14 13
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.32D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.54 0.48 0.54 0.48 0.47 0.42 0.37 0.33 0.18 0.16
GENDER                    
Male 0.64 0.63 0.64 0.62 0.57 0.50 0.46 0.42 0.24 0.22
Female 0.73 0.65 0.74 0.66 0.59 0.59 0.49 0.45 0.23 0.20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.59 0.55 0.59 0.55 0.52 0.49 0.43 0.39 0.21 0.20
White 0.69 0.67 0.70 0.67 0.65 0.60 0.54 0.50 0.29 0.28
Black or African American 1.15 1.16 1.08 1.11 0.80 0.79 0.63 0.51 0.23 0.13
AIAN 4.17 3.91 3.83 3.53 3.18 2.51 2.85 1.36 0.21 0.51
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2.18 2.03 2.04 1.98 1.61 1.32 1.11 1.08 0.31 0.36
Two or More Races 2.09 2.05 2.09 1.90 1.73 1.56 1.36 1.25 0.47 0.36
Hispanic or Latino 1.05 0.90 1.00 0.87 0.83 0.71 0.61 0.54 0.26 0.21
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.87 0.85 0.86 0.84 0.80 0.74 0.66 0.63 0.39 0.38
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.92 0.91 0.95 0.91 0.83 0.84 0.72 0.69 0.39 0.33
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 1.60 1.58 1.50 1.49 1.11 1.08 0.86 0.78 0.33 0.20
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.60 1.58 1.52 1.49 1.15 1.03 0.88 0.64 0.31 0.18
Male, Hispanic 1.39 1.15 1.32 1.12 1.11 0.86 0.88 0.72 0.41 0.27
Female, Hispanic 1.39 1.37 1.35 1.33 1.04 1.12 0.79 0.80 0.32 0.29
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.32P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0807   0.1183   0.1521   0.2497   0.4172  
GENDER                    
Male 0.2669   0.1249   0.0402   0.2665   0.9851  
Female 0.1269   0.3837   0.8405   0.5316   0.2378  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1262   0.1311   0.1797   0.2521   0.6209  
White 0.2739   0.3805   0.7681   0.5238   0.8216  
Black or African American 0.8602   0.8396   0.1380   0.0527   0.2102  
AIAN 0.2491   0.1466   0.8351   0.5568   0.5844  
NHOPI *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.1705   0.1313   0.0515   0.7590   0.8839  
Two or More Races 0.2114   0.0824   0.0837   0.6400   0.2568  
Hispanic or Latino 0.3493   0.5861   0.5950   0.8429   0.3333  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.2977   0.2256   0.2543   0.4192   0.5473  
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.5272   0.8635   0.5325   0.8753   0.3533  
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.7972   0.9148   0.3310   0.5553   0.4389  
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.5981   0.8566   0.2447   0.0198   0.3067  
Male, Hispanic 0.6472   0.6523   0.3106   0.5279   0.2894  
Female, Hispanic 0.3784   0.7149   0.8516   0.6935   0.7982  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.33C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 1,886 1,881 1,679 1,703 1,445 1,532 854 839 377 411
GENDER                    
Male 1,229 1,168 1,083 1,074 970 976 619 598 312 331
Female 1,132 1,216 1,012 1,075 865 962 511 508 207 213
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,801 1,859 1,590 1,658 1,380 1,483 805 790 351 376
White 1,651 1,649 1,446 1,466 1,271 1,320 720 699 323 348
Black or African American 632 603 525 520 436 430 277 289 118 120
AIAN 88 106 60 85 55 62 45 50 20 24
NHOPI * 97 80 80 72 65 53 53 21 17
Asian 446 482 399 419 317 355 149 183 44 64
Two or More Races 221 208 182 163 138 146 86 93 59 39
Hispanic or Latino 725 688 617 583 529 472 352 344 137 138
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1,013 1,021 881 929 801 843 495 505 266 286
Female, White, Not Hispanic 997 1,033 881 907 758 816 439 426 174 176
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 372 376 317 322 283 277 202 200 99 92
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 417 386 355 334 288 268 178 170 61 61
Male, Hispanic 520 484 459 427 405 361 293 265 112 112
Female, Hispanic 422 388 354 335 307 270 180 183 80 75
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.33D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.27 0.37 0.39 0.37 0.40 0.30 0.29 0.15 0.16
GENDER                    
Male 0.31 0.31 0.46 0.48 0.51 0.53 0.46 0.43 0.26 0.27
Female 0.38 0.39 0.51 0.50 0.49 0.50 0.37 0.37 0.17 0.17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.27 0.39 0.41 0.41 0.43 0.33 0.32 0.17 0.18
White 0.26 0.26 0.42 0.45 0.45 0.48 0.38 0.36 0.20 0.21
Black or African American 0.78 0.79 0.96 0.99 0.94 0.97 0.81 0.83 0.40 0.41
AIAN 2.39 3.93 3.74 4.90 3.55 4.33 3.15 3.36 1.55 1.70
NHOPI * 4.41 5.45 5.93 5.32 5.82 4.94 5.18 2.19 1.99
Asian 1.82 1.70 1.82 1.80 1.70 1.76 1.03 1.16 0.33 0.47
Two or More Races 1.40 1.57 2.60 2.76 2.63 2.71 2.01 2.06 1.46 0.97
Hispanic or Latino 0.76 0.76 0.97 0.92 1.01 0.96 0.82 0.78 0.36 0.35
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.31 0.29 0.52 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.54 0.54 0.34 0.36
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.39 0.39 0.58 0.57 0.59 0.61 0.48 0.47 0.22 0.22
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 1.10 1.08 1.31 1.45 1.38 1.49 1.33 1.32 0.76 0.71
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.10 1.12 1.31 1.31 1.28 1.22 1.00 0.97 0.39 0.38
Male, Hispanic 0.86 0.92 1.32 1.26 1.42 1.41 1.29 1.20 0.60 0.58
Female, Hispanic 1.19 1.12 1.38 1.27 1.34 1.18 0.94 0.87 0.42 0.39
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190325
Table 2.33P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.7782   0.8891   0.2657   0.8222   0.7187  
GENDER                    
Male 0.4384   0.9115   0.2139   0.6966   0.7337  
Female 0.8494   0.7689   0.6917   0.4206   0.9008  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2946   0.5182   0.9675   0.5300   0.9041  
White 0.2659   0.3973   0.8544   0.8743   0.8235  
Black or African American 0.8706   0.8727   0.9146   0.5330   0.9321  
AIAN 0.1649   0.7303   0.2574   0.2035   0.7842  
NHOPI *   0.8077   0.2127   0.8273   0.7765  
Asian 0.5040   0.6723   0.4680   0.2148   0.1951  
Two or More Races 0.8933   0.4080   0.4212   0.3558   0.1768  
Hispanic or Latino 0.2046   0.0824   0.0135   0.3939   0.2337  
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                    
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.0411   0.1012   0.9409   0.7642   0.6309  
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.9309   0.8376   0.7337   0.9164   0.7320  
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.4977   0.9524   0.4734   0.9281   0.5177  
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.7586   0.8763   0.4087   0.3920   0.3822  
Male, Hispanic 0.0309   0.0547   0.0451   0.0790   0.0823  
Female, Hispanic 1.0000   0.5819   0.1319   0.3096   0.7574  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.34C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 300 262 280 246 210 189 159 141 69 63
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 122 118 118 112 92 94 80 68 43 34
Midwest 120 124 113 120 89 94 72 74 34 32
South 186 151 171 140 132 107 88 78 30 32
West 145 123 133 112 92 88 70 64 25 26
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 238 197 220 182 161 136 120 103 45 38
Small Metro 174 163 161 156 121 122 92 90 49 44
Nonmetro 100 90 87 81 56 58 41 42 14 21
Urbanized 76 55 67 50 45 38 32 28 11 14
Less Urbanized 70 72 59 64 37 43 26 29 8 12
Completely Rural 21 31 19 25 14 17 10 12 5 8
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 170 132 154 123 118 98 77 77 32 31
100-199% 114 102 99 93 69 65 55 49 20 19
200% or More 182 179 170 164 121 116 98 87 43 36
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 228 212 218 203 175 157 133 118 58 52
Medicaid/CHIP 129 121 112 105 75 71 55 52 24 18
Other3 56 53 51 47 39 34 30 29 12 14
No Coverage 77 69 69 64 50 46 41 37 16 15
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.34D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.54 0.48 0.54 0.48 0.47 0.42 0.37 0.33 0.18 0.16
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 1.25 1.17 1.31 1.18 1.17 1.18 1.10 0.90 0.66 0.52
Midwest 0.95 1.04 0.97 1.07 0.89 0.95 0.76 0.80 0.40 0.37
South 0.93 0.78 0.90 0.76 0.79 0.65 0.55 0.50 0.21 0.22
West 1.08 0.89 1.04 0.89 0.84 0.79 0.69 0.64 0.27 0.28
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.77 0.65 0.76 0.64 0.64 0.53 0.50 0.44 0.20 0.18
Small Metro 0.92 0.89 0.92 0.91 0.84 0.86 0.69 0.66 0.41 0.35
Nonmetro 1.08 1.09 1.06 1.08 0.85 0.93 0.69 0.70 0.27 0.38
Urbanized 1.75 1.62 1.70 1.60 1.43 1.46 1.20 1.10 0.46 0.62
Less Urbanized 1.47 1.66 1.48 1.66 1.12 1.31 0.86 0.97 0.30 0.44
Completely Rural 3.30 3.78 3.25 3.32 2.78 3.15 2.03 2.14 1.33 1.59
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 1.27 1.03 1.24 1.04 1.08 0.94 0.75 0.77 0.35 0.34
100-199% 0.98 0.92 0.93 0.89 0.73 0.72 0.62 0.57 0.24 0.23
200% or More 0.61 0.61 0.59 0.59 0.51 0.47 0.44 0.39 0.20 0.18
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.67 0.65 0.67 0.65 0.64 0.58 0.52 0.47 0.25 0.23
Medicaid/CHIP 0.78 0.71 0.74 0.66 0.55 0.50 0.42 0.38 0.19 0.13
Other3 2.02 1.78 1.97 1.69 1.72 1.41 1.40 1.24 0.62 0.62
No Coverage 1.85 1.62 1.87 1.59 1.53 1.34 1.31 1.19 0.60 0.53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.34P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0807   0.1183   0.1521   0.2497   0.4172  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.3185   0.2241   0.1533   0.1544   0.3575  
Midwest 0.3483   0.4889   0.5397   0.3204   0.5719  
South 0.1139   0.4240   0.7671   0.4236   0.8822  
West 0.9448   0.5902   0.5432   0.3543   0.9572  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2882   0.0990   0.0723   0.4051   0.2023  
Small Metro 0.2690   0.6247   0.6722   0.3130   0.3116  
Nonmetro 0.1654   0.7473   0.7085   0.9357   0.0179  
Urbanized 0.1851   0.5598   0.9664   0.7552   0.2668  
Less Urbanized 0.7217   0.5757   0.2559   0.4644   0.0044  
Completely Rural 0.5231   0.2796   0.2853   0.2081   0.9333  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.3248   0.4565   0.4354   0.3990   0.9040  
100-199% 0.1539   0.2508   0.3790   0.3448   0.6313  
200% or More 0.2333   0.1826   0.1566   0.0317   0.1302  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.1286   0.1811   0.4064   0.3834   0.6567  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.5287   0.3282   0.3190   0.2277   0.1350  
Other3 0.3742   0.2474   0.2650   0.6687   0.9594  
No Coverage 0.4401   0.8867   0.3705   0.4755   0.2511  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.35C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 1,886 1,881 1,679 1,703 1,445 1,532 854 839 377 411
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 730 723 687 631 621 565 350 362 166 160
Midwest 719 785 645 726 567 645 332 383 162 191
South 1,155 1,188 990 1,044 842 911 492 495 224 241
West 1,012 1,095 909 980 834 905 491 457 203 213
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 1,560 1,698 1,416 1,540 1,272 1,369 707 704 304 335
Small Metro 1,222 1,245 1,003 1,032 842 902 477 468 199 193
Nonmetro 840 886 641 720 515 578 312 319 136 152
Urbanized 634 649 481 525 379 434 212 229 91 97
Less Urbanized 647 658 496 530 401 409 232 249 96 113
Completely Rural 356 366 293 283 233 221 132 125 43 55
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 552 563 472 426 390 355 287 273 133 128
100-199% 690 674 564 544 472 463 315 316 153 137
200% or More 1,759 1,732 1,578 1,572 1,367 1,420 745 737 331 363
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 1,659 1,628 1,498 1,496 1,304 1,353 742 717 321 345
Medicaid/CHIP 564 563 448 452 357 374 268 270 122 135
Other3 1,083 1,074 901 924 759 826 379 370 177 176
No Coverage 444 451 390 374 343 310 247 249 131 122
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.35D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.26 0.27 0.37 0.39 0.37 0.40 0.30 0.29 0.15 0.16
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.66 0.63 0.84 0.82 0.93 0.89 0.72 0.76 0.38 0.37
Midwest 0.46 0.47 0.67 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.57 0.62 0.32 0.36
South 0.46 0.46 0.62 0.65 0.61 0.65 0.45 0.47 0.24 0.25
West 0.55 0.61 0.75 0.86 0.84 0.92 0.74 0.65 0.35 0.35
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.38 0.39 0.51 0.55 0.56 0.59 0.44 0.43 0.22 0.23
Small Metro 0.42 0.41 0.63 0.63 0.60 0.67 0.51 0.51 0.26 0.26
Nonmetro 0.66 0.67 0.85 0.88 0.88 0.88 0.65 0.69 0.37 0.41
Urbanized 1.01 0.97 1.31 1.32 1.36 1.31 0.97 0.93 0.57 0.56
Less Urbanized 0.97 1.00 1.21 1.43 1.26 1.37 0.97 1.09 0.52 0.63
Completely Rural 2.05 2.22 2.39 2.88 2.60 3.18 2.15 2.76 0.99 1.54
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.81 0.82 0.98 0.92 0.92 0.89 0.79 0.74 0.42 0.41
100-199% 0.66 0.69 0.82 0.80 0.78 0.81 0.61 0.61 0.32 0.29
200% or More 0.26 0.27 0.39 0.41 0.43 0.45 0.37 0.36 0.20 0.21
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.26 0.28 0.40 0.41 0.42 0.44 0.37 0.36 0.19 0.20
Medicaid/CHIP 0.83 0.81 0.94 0.97 0.86 0.93 0.70 0.73 0.36 0.40
Other3 0.61 0.58 0.82 0.81 0.80 0.83 0.51 0.51 0.26 0.25
No Coverage 0.80 0.80 0.97 0.92 1.02 0.96 0.91 0.89 0.56 0.50
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190402
Table 2.35P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month and Binge and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Lifetime
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Year
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Binge
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2017)
Past
Month
Heavy
Alcohol
Use
(2018)
TOTAL 0.7782   0.8891   0.2657   0.8222   0.7187  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.4538   0.1685   0.1262   0.5314   0.9316  
Midwest 0.9602   0.6233   0.6097   0.2531   0.6878  
South 0.2476   0.5950   0.7307   0.6652   0.3201  
West 0.8832   0.8468   0.3889   0.7036   0.3243  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.8949   0.7060   0.2734   0.4419   0.3988  
Small Metro 0.8984   0.9535   0.6204   0.3453   0.0049  
Nonmetro 0.7674   0.5556   0.8011   0.7177   0.4333  
Urbanized 0.4560   0.4563   0.3435   0.6058   0.8192  
Less Urbanized 0.8066   0.5408   0.9691   0.7054   0.1394  
Completely Rural 0.7360   0.1272   0.0714   0.3957   0.6727  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.6015   0.7756   0.4028   0.6857   0.7605  
100-199% 0.7507   0.6513   0.3169   0.8166   0.3397  
200% or More 0.6845   0.7977   0.6515   0.9940   0.9309  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.7472   0.8961   0.3950   0.9760   0.8194  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.9867   0.6239   0.6616   0.9874   0.1997  
Other3 0.5622   0.9213   0.8344   0.4952   0.3051  
No Coverage 0.9467   0.4526   0.1012   0.4106   0.0764  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.

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