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Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Detailed Tables

190405
Table 6.1C – Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on Most Recent Use of Alcohol in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Drug AGE GROUP UNDERAGE AND LEGAL DRINKING
AGE GROUP
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 12-20
(2017)
Aged 12-20
(2018)
Aged 21+
(2017)
Aged 21+
(2018)
Marijuana 278 315 34 30 276 312 118 125 252 278 78 76 263 294
Cocaine
   (Including Crack)
62 66 3 2 62 66 27 22 56 63 18 11 60 64
Heroin 24 29 * 3 24 29 6 3 23 29 * 3 24 29
Hallucinogens 28 27 4 5 27 27 15 17 25 21 11 8 27 26
Inhalants 18 13 * 2 18 13 7 6 17 12 3 3 18 13
Methamphetamine 44 53 4 1 43 53 16 6 40 53 14 1 41 53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to multiple questions; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.1D – Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on Most Recent Use of Alcohol in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Drug AGE GROUP UNDERAGE AND LEGAL DRINKING
AGE GROUP
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 12-20
(2017)
Aged 12-20
(2018)
Aged 21+
(2017)
Aged 21+
(2018)
Marijuana 0.19 0.22 1.29 1.26 0.19 0.22 0.55 0.55 0.20 0.23 0.91 0.91 0.19 0.22
Cocaine
   (Including Crack)
0.04 0.05 0.14 0.11 0.05 0.05 0.14 0.12 0.05 0.05 0.24 0.15 0.05 0.05
Heroin 0.02 0.02 * 0.12 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 * 0.04 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.02 0.02 0.15 0.22 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.15 0.12 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.01 0.01 * 0.10 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.01
Methamphetamine 0.03 0.04 0.14 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.09 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.19 0.01 0.03 0.04
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to multiple questions; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.1P – Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on Most Recent Use of Alcohol in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Drug AGE GROUP UNDERAGE AND LEGAL DRINKING
AGE GROUP
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 12-20
(2017)
Aged 12-20
(2018)
Aged 21+
(2017)
Aged 21+
(2018)
Marijuana 0.1913   0.0233   0.1118   0.5104   0.0308   0.2207   0.0738  
Cocaine
   (Including Crack)
0.8342   0.6420   0.8216   0.1240   0.3399   0.2432   0.6143  
Heroin 0.7862   *   0.7307   0.4844   0.8198   *   0.6987  
Hallucinogens 0.6246   0.9499   0.6050   0.3481   0.9715   0.3638   0.3865  
Inhalants 0.6138   *   0.5056   0.4783   0.6816   0.6138   0.5522  
Methamphetamine 0.4859   0.3279   0.4568   0.1666   0.2573   0.0841   0.2823  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on nonimputed responses to multiple questions; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.2C – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands and Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 673 677 524 497 0.72 0.66
12-20 102 89 58 54 1.50 1.64
21 or Older 732 726 547 522 0.75 0.69
12-17 43 39 23 22 2.55 2.67
12-13 7 9 2 4 * *
14-15 20 21 11 10 4.94 4.61
16-17 38 32 20 19 3.03 3.46
16-25 186 166 113 97 1.00 1.04
18 or Older 666 672 520 495 0.73 0.67
18-25 150 133 107 88 1.07 1.07
18-20 92 80 54 49 1.91 1.92
21-25 156 132 94 79 1.22 1.27
26 or Older 631 644 496 484 0.83 0.75
26-49 380 381 285 300 0.84 0.84
26-29 185 187 120 124 1.79 1.80
30-34 185 195 131 140 1.59 1.72
35-39 195 192 130 147 1.74 1.70
40-44 166 171 119 130 2.02 2.04
45-49 172 167 136 124 1.92 2.10
50 or Older 474 470 401 363 1.51 1.44
50-54 251 257 193 207 2.96 3.19
55-59 265 243 223 195 2.78 2.81
60-64 208 208 158 173 3.37 3.19
65 or Older 270 269 228 204 2.87 2.93
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.2D – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.19 0.18 0.72 0.66
12-20 0.25 0.22 0.15 0.14 1.50 1.64
21 or Older 0.28 0.28 0.22 0.21 0.75 0.69
12-17 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.09 2.55 2.67
12-13 0.08 0.11 0.02 0.05 * *
14-15 0.23 0.25 0.12 0.12 4.94 4.61
16-17 0.42 0.36 0.24 0.23 3.03 3.46
16-25 0.36 0.33 0.25 0.21 1.00 1.04
18 or Older 0.27 0.27 0.21 0.20 0.73 0.67
18-25 0.44 0.39 0.31 0.26 1.07 1.07
18-20 0.62 0.54 0.41 0.36 1.91 1.92
21-25 0.59 0.53 0.40 0.36 1.22 1.27
26 or Older 0.30 0.30 0.23 0.23 0.83 0.75
26-49 0.38 0.38 0.28 0.30 0.84 0.84
26-29 0.86 0.89 0.64 0.64 1.79 1.80
30-34 0.74 0.75 0.57 0.58 1.59 1.72
35-39 0.80 0.79 0.59 0.62 1.74 1.70
40-44 0.77 0.78 0.58 0.63 2.02 2.04
45-49 0.78 0.75 0.64 0.60 1.92 2.10
50 or Older 0.42 0.41 0.36 0.32 1.51 1.44
50-54 1.08 1.11 0.86 0.93 2.96 3.19
55-59 1.09 1.03 0.96 0.84 2.78 2.81
60-64 0.96 0.96 0.76 0.82 3.37 3.19
65 or Older 0.54 0.53 0.46 0.40 2.87 2.93
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.2P – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.0306   0.1013   0.9669  
12-20 0.0005   0.0325   0.9686  
21 or Older 0.0801   0.1508   0.8542  
12-17 0.0461   0.5837   0.4696  
12-13 0.4594   0.3262   *  
14-15 0.9410   0.6257   0.6058  
16-17 0.0107   0.3241   0.5174  
16-25 0.0000   0.0003   0.9455  
18 or Older 0.0364   0.0990   0.8966  
18-25 0.0000   0.0005   0.9193  
18-20 0.0011   0.0269   0.7587  
21-25 0.0000   0.0082   0.9322  
26 or Older 0.3338   0.3070   0.6630  
26-49 0.7742   0.7327   0.4267  
26-29 0.8195   0.8775   0.9890  
30-34 0.4396   0.8663   0.3381  
35-39 0.9057   0.4616   0.3629  
40-44 0.8218   0.4664   0.4161  
45-49 0.4742   0.2637   0.3965  
50 or Older 0.3171   0.1349   0.2616  
50-54 0.7530   0.7218   0.8688  
55-59 0.0849   0.1169   0.6622  
60-64 0.7900   0.7822   0.9224  
65 or Older 0.9335   0.2836   0.1018  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.3C – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 524 497 23 22 520 495 107 88 496 484
GENDER                    
Male 368 348 18 16 367 347 77 64 352 339
Female 328 329 13 15 326 327 64 58 317 323
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 505 481 21 22 501 479 96 88 478 466
White 452 437 19 20 469 457 91 82 449 444
Black or African American 166 158 4 4 183 178 34 33 179 172
AIAN 47 51 1 2 46 51 8 8 46 50
NHOPI 35 32 * * 35 32 * * * 31
Asian 77 62 5 * 76 62 16 19 76 57
Two or More Races 86 79 4 2 86 79 14 17 85 77
Hispanic or Latino 172 137 9 7 171 136 41 26 164 132
FAMILY INCOME                    
Less Than $20,000 294 294 11 11 294 294 61 52 282 284
$20,000 - $49,999 301 310 14 13 300 310 60 58 289 302
$50,000 - $74,999 183 203 8 10 182 203 39 32 175 201
$75,000 or More 249 215 12 13 247 216 47 43 244 210
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.3D – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.19 0.18 0.09 0.09 0.21 0.20 0.31 0.26 0.23 0.23
GENDER                    
Male 0.28 0.26 0.14 0.13 0.31 0.29 0.45 0.38 0.35 0.33
Female 0.23 0.23 0.11 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.37 0.34 0.29 0.29
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.22 0.21 0.11 0.12 0.24 0.23 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.26
White 0.26 0.26 0.15 0.16 0.29 0.28 0.46 0.42 0.31 0.30
Black or African American 0.50 0.48 0.13 0.10 0.56 0.53 0.66 0.64 0.67 0.62
AIAN 2.85 2.79 0.87 1.02 3.15 3.13 3.53 3.44 3.81 3.62
NHOPI 3.05 2.85 * * 3.39 3.14 * * * 3.74
Asian 0.48 0.40 0.37 * 0.52 0.43 0.72 0.78 0.61 0.49
Two or More Races 1.53 1.43 0.51 0.24 1.83 1.69 1.54 2.05 2.27 2.00
Hispanic or Latino 0.38 0.29 0.16 0.11 0.43 0.34 0.54 0.35 0.51 0.40
FAMILY INCOME                    
Less Than $20,000 0.62 0.61 0.29 0.29 0.68 0.66 0.69 0.57 0.82 0.82
$20,000 - $49,999 0.34 0.36 0.20 0.19 0.37 0.39 0.52 0.49 0.42 0.45
$50,000 - $74,999 0.41 0.45 0.22 0.28 0.45 0.49 0.75 0.65 0.49 0.54
$75,000 or More 0.23 0.20 0.11 0.12 0.25 0.22 0.51 0.44 0.27 0.24
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.3P – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1013   0.5837   0.0990   0.0005   0.3070  
GENDER                    
Male 0.0513   0.3995   0.0523   0.0050   0.1484  
Female 0.7211   0.8710   0.7030   0.0248   0.9824  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3413   0.9337   0.3233   0.0141   0.5927  
White 0.5993   0.6769   0.5651   0.0188   0.8873  
Black or African American 0.6633   0.6641   0.6540   0.2124   0.8111  
AIAN 0.4750   0.6306   0.4262   0.3381   0.5066  
NHOPI 0.8044   *   0.8112   *   *  
Asian 0.2633   *   0.2770   0.4557   0.1873  
Two or More Races 0.6026   0.0481   0.5901   0.4683   0.4481  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0294   0.2378   0.0339   0.0026   0.1316  
FAMILY INCOME                    
Less Than $20,000 0.1827   0.9909   0.1557   0.0224   0.2940  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.5726   0.5608   0.5951   0.5257   0.6833  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.0542   0.3940   0.0528   0.0481   0.0198  
$75,000 or More 0.0262   0.3793   0.0261   0.0308   0.0677  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.4C – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 524 497 23 22 520 495 107 88 496 484
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 225 193 7 7 224 192 43 37 215 186
Midwest 251 235 13 10 251 237 46 49 241 226
South 333 319 14 17 330 315 63 58 315 310
West 240 233 12 9 239 233 54 40 225 228
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 397 383 18 17 396 382 79 67 378 370
Small Metro 353 303 11 13 353 302 68 56 332 290
Nonmetro 247 266 10 10 244 264 42 44 233 249
Urbanized 145 176 7 4 143 175 31 29 134 166
Less Urbanized 205 185 7 8 203 184 30 29 193 173
Completely Rural 70 101 3 3 70 100 11 16 64 90
POVERTY1                    
Less Than 100% 268 270 12 13 268 269 58 49 254 260
100-199% 279 258 12 11 278 256 54 53 269 251
200% or More 359 350 15 15 357 351 66 59 349 348
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 357 349 15 15 356 349 71 59 342 343
Medicaid/CHIP 291 274 18 14 290 273 58 55 274 264
Other3 298 285 3 5 298 284 26 21 295 283
No Coverage 207 200 6 8 206 200 46 47 197 194
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.4D – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.19 0.18 0.09 0.09 0.21 0.20 0.31 0.26 0.23 0.23
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.47 0.40 0.16 0.18 0.51 0.44 0.71 0.63 0.56 0.49
Midwest 0.44 0.41 0.24 0.19 0.48 0.46 0.63 0.67 0.54 0.51
South 0.32 0.31 0.14 0.18 0.36 0.33 0.49 0.46 0.39 0.38
West 0.37 0.36 0.20 0.15 0.41 0.39 0.65 0.49 0.45 0.45
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.24 0.24 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.26 0.39 0.33 0.29 0.29
Small Metro 0.38 0.33 0.16 0.18 0.41 0.37 0.58 0.50 0.46 0.41
Nonmetro 0.52 0.55 0.29 0.28 0.57 0.60 0.83 0.89 0.63 0.66
Urbanized 0.68 0.82 0.47 0.29 0.74 0.89 1.25 1.24 0.82 0.98
Less Urbanized 0.80 0.79 0.38 0.47 0.88 0.87 1.21 1.30 0.98 0.96
Completely Rural 1.65 1.67 0.89 0.85 1.83 1.84 3.33 3.54 1.89 1.91
POVERTY1                    
Less Than 100% 0.61 0.58 0.23 0.24 0.71 0.67 0.71 0.57 0.86 0.85
100-199% 0.48 0.45 0.23 0.20 0.53 0.49 0.64 0.58 0.62 0.58
200% or More 0.19 0.19 0.11 0.10 0.21 0.21 0.38 0.33 0.23 0.23
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.19 0.19 0.10 0.10 0.21 0.21 0.32 0.28 0.23 0.23
Medicaid/CHIP 0.55 0.52 0.19 0.15 0.68 0.65 0.75 0.68 0.82 0.79
Other3 0.42 0.39 0.31 0.40 0.43 0.40 1.02 0.81 0.44 0.41
No Coverage 0.75 0.68 0.51 0.74 0.78 0.71 0.92 0.84 0.93 0.86
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.4P – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1013   0.5837   0.0990   0.0005   0.3070  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.2435   0.5233   0.2444   0.1986   0.3388  
Midwest 0.0437   0.2342   0.0488   0.3442   0.0621  
South 0.8277   0.1735   0.8934   0.0327   0.5885  
West 0.4638   0.1525   0.4970   0.0211   0.8391  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.4612   0.4343   0.4343   0.0142   0.7486  
Small Metro 0.0291   0.7483   0.0360   0.0019   0.1157  
Nonmetro 0.9077   0.6476   0.9245   0.9494   0.9136  
Urbanized 0.4019   0.2293   0.4332   0.4642   0.5107  
Less Urbanized 0.2482   0.7052   0.2513   0.3137   0.3297  
Completely Rural 0.1110   0.9756   0.0948   0.6652   0.0973  
POVERTY1                    
Less Than 100% 0.3597   0.9949   0.3768   0.0266   0.6371  
100-199% 0.0241   0.6867   0.0194   0.5304   0.0223  
200% or More 0.9062   0.5880   0.9207   0.0036   0.6610  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.3733   0.5233   0.3614   0.0001   0.8030  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0296   0.1536   0.0337   0.2545   0.0426  
Other3 0.3900   0.4558   0.4006   0.0008   0.5675  
No Coverage 0.4400   0.1305   0.3820   0.7126   0.4013  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.5C – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year
Misusers of Pain Relievers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
180 189 23 24 177 188 46 37 171 184
Prescription from One Doctor 173 180 22 23 171 179 43 35 165 175
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 41 40 6 7 41 40 10 7 40 39
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
16 39 4 3 15 39 10 5 12 38
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
197 190 28 26 195 188 72 58 178 177
From Friend or Relative for Free 175 167 22 22 173 166 56 50 161 159
Bought from Friend or Relative 86 79 14 9 85 79 30 23 81 75
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
47 36 10 10 45 34 25 19 36 28
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
57 62 8 11 57 61 28 22 48 56
SOME OTHER WAY1 74 53 8 10 73 52 24 17 70 49
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.5D – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year
Misusers of Pain Relievers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.32 1.53 2.92 3.21 1.38 1.61 1.68 1.81 1.75 1.92
Prescription from One Doctor 1.29 1.49 2.87 3.12 1.36 1.57 1.61 1.73 1.72 1.87
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.39 0.43 0.92 1.23 0.41 0.45 0.41 0.40 0.52 0.56
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.15 0.42 0.67 0.54 0.15 0.44 0.41 0.29 0.16 0.55
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.35 1.51 3.03 3.25 1.42 1.59 1.89 2.06 1.76 1.89
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.35 1.45 2.90 3.14 1.41 1.53 1.78 2.12 1.77 1.84
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.78 0.82 2.02 1.54 0.81 0.87 1.18 1.23 1.02 1.04
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.43 0.38 1.47 1.57 0.44 0.39 1.02 1.09 0.46 0.40
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.52 0.65 1.21 1.72 0.55 0.69 1.13 1.18 0.61 0.79
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.70 0.57 1.24 1.73 0.73 0.59 1.00 0.93 0.90 0.70
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.5P – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year
Misusers of Pain Relievers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.6234   0.3955   0.6978   0.2117   0.6158  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.9774   0.3969   0.9369   0.3953   0.9293  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.3326   0.7684   0.3511   0.3447   0.2641  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.4065   0.6758   0.3783   0.3396   0.2428  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.3651   0.0910   0.4960   0.1307   0.3046  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.9607   0.3706   0.8615   0.0929   0.7686  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.3177   0.0322   0.4837   0.9456   0.5301  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.1921   0.3985   0.1128   0.8542   0.1287  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.2995   0.3878   0.3603   0.9054   0.2047  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.9409   0.3366   0.8209   0.4786   0.9711  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.6C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
152 153 18 17 151 152 45 43 142 146
Prescription from One Doctor 150 150 18 16 150 149 44 42 142 143
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 25 20 * 5 25 19 8 10 23 16
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
7 10 * 2 7 10 7 3 0 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
44 50 8 6 44 49 19 17 39 46
From Friend or Relative for Free 35 46 5 5 35 46 13 13 33 44
Bought from Friend or Relative 25 14 4 * 24 13 13 7 21 11
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
8 13 5 1 7 13 * 8 2 10
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
16 19 4 4 16 19 11 8 11 18
SOME OTHER WAY1 33 35 5 1 33 35 9 7 32 34
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.6D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.43 1.72 4.45 4.62 1.49 1.78 2.79 2.77 1.76 2.15
Prescription from One Doctor 1.55 1.79 4.57 5.53 1.62 1.85 2.85 2.90 1.94 2.22
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.66 0.58 * 3.33 0.70 0.58 1.05 1.46 0.83 0.63
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.20 0.30 * 1.33 0.20 0.31 0.87 0.48 0.02 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.14 1.39 3.68 4.06 1.19 1.43 2.31 2.38 1.38 1.72
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.92 1.31 2.57 3.07 0.96 1.35 1.60 1.82 1.16 1.64
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.65 0.40 1.90 * 0.68 0.40 1.57 0.97 0.75 0.42
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.22 0.37 2.24 0.80 0.20 0.39 * 1.18 0.08 0.38
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.44 0.55 2.01 2.33 0.45 0.57 1.40 1.19 0.40 0.69
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.87 1.00 2.19 0.91 0.91 1.04 1.07 1.04 1.14 1.29
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.6P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.9731   0.2750   0.8036   0.3031   0.4536  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.9373   0.6330   0.9330   0.4858   0.7889  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.6084   *   0.3053   0.3430   0.1236  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.5918   *   0.6550   0.6429   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.6594   0.4178   0.7826   0.4549   0.9590  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.7904   0.7648   0.7446   0.3762   0.5250  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.0252   *   0.0210   0.2979   0.0424  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.2743   0.0633   0.0826   *   0.1475  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.4374   0.5669   0.4766   0.4251   0.1593  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.8062   0.0779   0.6817   0.8465   0.6424  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.7C – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Stimulants
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
63 58 15 11 62 57 28 26 57 50
Prescription from One Doctor 60 57 14 9 59 55 27 26 54 49
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 19 14 4 6 18 13 7 7 17 11
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
5 2 0 2 5 * 2 * 5 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
172 157 25 24 171 155 95 89 134 119
From Friend or Relative for Free 133 128 17 16 132 127 71 66 112 102
Bought from Friend or Relative 85 74 14 15 85 73 54 48 69 54
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
26 24 9 10 24 21 20 10 14 19
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
38 35 10 7 37 34 25 21 28 26
SOME OTHER WAY1 31 21 5 3 30 21 13 15 27 14
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.7D – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Stimulants
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.05 1.10 2.96 2.97 1.11 1.16 1.04 1.14 1.92 1.94
Prescription from One Doctor 1.00 1.08 2.91 2.52 1.07 1.14 1.02 1.11 1.83 1.90
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.33 0.29 1.07 1.71 0.34 0.28 0.28 0.31 0.60 0.45
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.09 0.04 0.08 0.58 0.09 * 0.07 * 0.16 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.28 1.32 3.56 3.50 1.35 1.39 1.42 1.54 2.20 2.17
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.51 1.63 3.39 3.90 1.59 1.72 2.01 1.89 2.63 2.66
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.24 1.29 2.98 3.60 1.32 1.36 1.76 1.77 2.20 1.99
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.46 0.47 2.09 2.73 0.46 0.46 0.77 0.46 0.53 0.76
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.66 0.68 2.27 2.02 0.69 0.71 0.98 0.96 0.98 1.05
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.53 0.42 1.30 0.85 0.57 0.44 0.52 0.68 0.96 0.58
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.7P – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Stimulants
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.9816   0.9797   0.9939   0.6892   0.8220  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.8250   0.4577   0.7124   0.5489   0.9296  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.5746   0.3216   0.3517   0.6183   0.4241  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.2515   0.2568   *   *   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.6624   0.4241   0.7816   0.5353   0.4849  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.3709   0.9473   0.3643   0.5222   0.1474  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.7602   0.6225   0.6885   0.3139   0.2459  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.3613   0.5258   0.2285   0.0345   0.7761  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.8928   0.3954   0.7298   0.9005   0.7084  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.1846   0.4077   0.2258   0.5658   0.0629  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.8C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
117 113 15 * 116 112 64 57 97 93
Prescription from One Doctor 115 112 14 * 114 111 60 56 96 93
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 17 13 4 * 16 13 11 10 12 9
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
3 * * * 3 * 3 * 2 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
43 34 * * 42 33 22 20 35 26
From Friend or Relative for Free 31 27 * * 30 26 15 17 26 19
Bought from Friend or Relative 30 20 4 * 28 20 17 8 23 18
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
3 7 * * 2 6 2 6 * *
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
18 15 2 * 18 15 7 7 17 13
SOME OTHER WAY1 9 9 1 * 9 9 4 4 7 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.8D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.66 1.45 5.10 * 1.71 1.49 1.95 1.97 2.70 2.14
Prescription from One Doctor 1.77 1.54 5.54 * 1.82 1.58 2.14 2.11 2.79 2.22
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.62 0.54 2.84 * 0.64 0.56 0.90 0.94 0.88 0.67
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.12 * * * 0.13 * 0.25 * 0.11 *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.53 1.32 * * 1.57 1.35 1.84 1.85 2.42 1.88
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.10 1.04 * * 1.13 1.07 1.23 1.63 1.84 1.40
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.09 0.79 3.08 * 1.11 0.83 1.43 0.80 1.62 1.30
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.11 0.30 * * 0.10 0.24 0.21 0.57 * *
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.68 0.62 1.29 * 0.71 0.65 0.63 0.71 1.20 0.97
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.33 0.37 0.96 * 0.34 0.38 0.37 0.37 0.54 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.8P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.2044   *   0.2287   0.9249   0.1379  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.2060   *   0.2601   0.8177   0.1361  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.9660   *   0.8446   0.5965   0.8746  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
*   *   *   *   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.2494   *   0.2817   0.8913   0.2418  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.6757   *   0.7198   0.2337   0.2250  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.1304   *   0.1776   0.0533   0.6970  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.3011   *   0.4855   0.4569   *  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.6757   *   0.6469   0.4623   0.3645  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.7950   *   0.8178   0.8755   *  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.9C – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Tranquilizers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
107 115 13 9 105 115 22 16 102 114
Prescription from One Doctor 102 115 13 9 101 115 21 16 98 113
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 15 11 * 3 15 10 7 4 14 9
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
29 7 0 2 29 7 4 1 * 7
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
161 179 25 23 159 177 71 62 137 164
From Friend or Relative for Free 136 139 18 18 134 138 52 50 120 128
Bought from Friend or Relative 74 100 15 12 71 99 40 33 58 92
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
31 43 9 6 30 43 15 13 25 41
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
51 46 13 16 49 44 29 27 39 35
SOME OTHER WAY1 39 35 4 8 39 35 18 14 33 32
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.9D – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Tranquilizers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.57 1.78 2.91 2.29 1.65 1.89 1.15 1.06 2.34 2.54
Prescription from One Doctor 1.53 1.77 2.91 2.16 1.61 1.89 1.10 1.05 2.30 2.54
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.26 0.19 * 0.71 0.28 0.20 0.38 0.28 0.38 0.25
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.49 0.13 0.11 0.49 0.53 0.14 0.23 0.08 * 0.19
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.64 1.83 3.60 3.94 1.74 1.94 1.83 1.92 2.45 2.63
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.66 1.90 3.46 3.80 1.77 2.05 2.05 2.26 2.45 2.74
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.19 1.61 3.16 2.86 1.23 1.71 1.81 1.90 1.53 2.27
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.53 0.77 2.20 1.51 0.54 0.82 0.82 0.87 0.71 1.10
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.87 0.82 3.00 3.53 0.90 0.83 1.45 1.64 1.08 0.94
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.66 0.63 0.88 2.09 0.71 0.66 0.97 0.87 0.91 0.85
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.9P – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Tranquilizers
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.4325   0.5241   0.4601   0.1435   0.3748  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.6101   0.2402   0.6884   0.3224   0.5297  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.5405   *   0.3659   0.3439   0.5719  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.3509   0.2481   0.3105   0.1593   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.3421   0.2646   0.2580   0.7645   0.1962  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.3378   0.6573   0.3777   0.3082   0.5860  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.9216   0.2150   0.7697   0.6495   0.4317  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.7904   0.2285   0.9842   0.3251   0.6416  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.9089   0.3720   0.7285   0.1767   0.3745  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.6797   0.0655   0.4566   0.3003   0.7666  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.10C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
119 129 * * 118 128 42 38 110 122
Prescription from One Doctor 118 128 * * 117 128 42 37 109 121
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 18 10 * * 18 9 5 6 17 7
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
6 4 * * 6 4 * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
41 37 * * 40 36 20 23 34 27
From Friend or Relative for Free 32 27 * * 32 26 16 14 27 22
Bought from Friend or Relative 26 23 * * 25 22 11 18 23 13
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
5 11 * * 3 11 3 2 1 11
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
19 22 * * 17 21 12 16 12 14
SOME OTHER WAY1 8 10 * * 8 10 4 5 7 9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.10D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
1.70 1.72 * * 1.74 1.74 2.89 3.46 2.16 1.80
Prescription from One Doctor 1.83 1.75 * * 1.88 1.78 2.98 3.47 2.40 1.85
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.73 0.39 * * 0.76 0.39 0.73 0.86 1.06 0.43
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.27 0.17 * * 0.27 0.18 * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
1.56 1.45 * * 1.61 1.46 2.58 3.03 2.03 1.56
From Friend or Relative for Free 1.29 1.07 * * 1.33 1.07 2.16 1.99 1.67 1.26
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.03 0.90 * * 1.06 0.92 1.52 2.53 1.39 0.74
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.19 0.44 * * 0.15 0.45 0.46 0.29 0.06 0.62
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.77 0.87 * * 0.74 0.89 1.65 2.29 0.77 0.80
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.31 0.40 * * 0.33 0.42 0.49 0.75 0.42 0.50
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.10P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.6720   *   0.6221   0.1733   0.2076  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.3640   *   0.3436   0.1049   0.0536  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.1603   *   0.1679   0.5364   0.0854  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.6376   *   0.7623   *   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.4687   *   0.3364   0.4675   0.1461  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.1955   *   0.1033   0.2069   0.2769  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.7404   *   0.7640   0.0153   0.1785  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.6943   *   0.5294   0.2525   0.2642  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.8056   *   0.6291   0.3463   0.9665  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.6889   *   0.6611   0.4778   0.8961  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.11C – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Sedatives
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
79 61 * * 79 60 * * 78 60
Prescription from One Doctor 77 60 * * 77 59 * * 76 59
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 15 11 * * 15 11 * * 14 11
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
12 3 * * 11 3 * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
75 69 * * 75 67 * * 72 63
From Friend or Relative for Free 67 67 * * 67 65 * * 65 62
Bought from Friend or Relative 24 11 * * 24 10 * * 23 9
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
21 9 * * 20 7 * * 18 7
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
11 9 * * 11 7 * * 10 5
SOME OTHER WAY1 21 14 * * 21 14 * * 21 10
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.11D – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Sedatives
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
4.18 4.54 * * 4.36 4.75 * * 5.01 5.58
Prescription from One Doctor 4.27 4.54 * * 4.45 4.75 * * 5.11 5.58
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 1.14 1.05 * * 1.17 1.12 * * 1.37 1.33
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.88 0.25 * * 0.88 0.26 * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
4.10 4.46 * * 4.29 4.67 * * 4.94 5.50
From Friend or Relative for Free 3.91 4.43 * * 4.10 4.62 * * 4.75 5.45
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.78 1.02 * * 1.87 1.07 * * 2.16 1.14
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1.60 0.87 * * 1.56 0.74 * * 1.72 0.82
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.82 0.85 * * 0.85 0.76 * * 0.99 0.59
SOME OTHER WAY1 1.61 1.31 * * 1.68 1.39 * * 1.96 1.21
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.11P – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Misuse among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source for Most Recent Misuse
among Past Year Misusers of Sedatives
Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.0987   *   0.1152   *   0.2325  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.1766   *   0.1646   *   0.3102  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor 0.8263   *   0.9972   *   1.0000  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
0.1089   *   0.2131   *   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.0783   *   0.0893   *   0.1107  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.0086   *   0.0130   *   0.0276  
Bought from Friend or Relative 0.3772   *   0.3523   *   0.3365  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.0898   *   0.1291   *   0.3211  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.7396   *   0.9276   *   0.5470  
SOME OTHER WAY1 0.6851   *   0.7639   *   0.3617  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.12C – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
64 61 * * 64 60 * * * *
Prescription from One Doctor 64 60 * * 64 60 * * * *
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor * 3 * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
16 12 * * 16 11 * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 11 10 * * 11 10 * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 3 * * * 3 * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1 5 * * * * * * * *
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
4 * * * * * * * * *
SOME OTHER WAY1 * * * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.12D – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
3.30 3.06 * * 3.33 3.12 * * * *
Prescription from One Doctor 3.48 3.07 * * 3.51 3.14 * * * *
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor * 0.57 * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * * * *
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
3.10 2.18 * * 3.13 2.12 * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2.16 1.89 * * 2.15 1.91 * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 0.58 * * * 0.61 * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.15 1.00 * * * * * * * *
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
0.79 * * * * * * * * *
SOME OTHER WAY1 * * * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.12P – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Misused Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives Aged 12+
(2017)
Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12-17
(2017)
Aged 12-17
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
GOT THROUGH PRESCRIPTION(S) OR
STOLE FROM A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER
0.9409   *   0.9449   *   *  
Prescription from One Doctor 0.9607   *   0.8832   *   *  
Prescriptions from More Than One Doctor *   *   *   *   *  
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic, Hospital,
   or Pharmacy
*   *   *   *   *  
GIVEN BY, BOUGHT FROM, OR TOOK
FROM A FRIEND OR RELATIVE
0.5945   *   0.5260   *   *  
From Friend or Relative for Free 0.6853   *   0.7324   *   *  
Bought from Friend or Relative *   *   *   *   *  
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.2071   *   *   *   *  
BOUGHT FROM DRUG DEALER OR
OTHER STRANGER
*   *   *   *   *  
SOME OTHER WAY1 *   *   *   *   *  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to choose only one source. Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Misuse and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
1 Some Other Way includes write-in responses not already listed in this table or responses with insufficient information that could allow them to be placed in another category.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.13C – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 223 226 -- -- -- -- -- --
Relax or Relieve Tension 77 74 -- -- 134 150 43 28
Help with Sleep 73 63 -- -- 105 107 102 85
Help with Feelings or Emotion 46 50 -- -- 61 75 17 5
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 44 30 38 29 39 34 10 8
Feel Good or Get High 92 81 59 46 61 61 21 19
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 18 39 23 18 19 22 * 6
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 40 50 8 5 9 14 * *
Help Lose Weight -- -- 30 38 -- -- -- --
Help Concentrate -- -- 96 75 -- -- -- --
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake -- -- 97 100 -- -- -- --
Help Study -- -- 78 75 -- -- -- --
Some Other Reason 24 41 27 26 36 31 14 6
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.13D – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 1.19 1.36 -- -- -- -- -- --
Relax or Relieve Tension 0.69 0.74 -- -- 1.66 1.82 3.00 2.53
Help with Sleep 0.66 0.64 -- -- 1.52 1.69 3.59 3.15
Help with Feelings or Emotion 0.42 0.52 -- -- 1.00 1.26 1.26 0.48
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 0.40 0.31 0.66 0.56 0.67 0.60 0.78 0.72
Feel Good or Get High 0.81 0.81 0.94 0.86 0.98 1.01 1.52 1.76
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 0.17 0.41 0.39 0.36 0.32 0.39 * 0.60
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 0.36 0.51 0.14 0.09 0.15 0.25 * *
Help Lose Weight -- -- 0.51 0.73 -- -- -- --
Help Concentrate -- -- 1.37 1.30 -- -- -- --
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake -- -- 1.36 1.58 -- -- -- --
Help Study -- -- 1.20 1.29 -- -- -- --
Some Other Reason 0.22 0.42 0.47 0.51 0.60 0.55 1.04 0.53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.13P – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 12 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 0.5952   --   --   --  
Relax or Relieve Tension 0.4531   --   0.2297   0.6669  
Help with Sleep 0.3677   --   0.8281   0.3616  
Help with Feelings or Emotion 0.5522   --   0.8642   0.0583  
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 0.6114   0.7522   0.0713   0.7853  
Feel Good or Get High 0.0207   0.2095   0.4700   0.8658  
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 0.7101   0.9094   0.9949   *  
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 0.1569   0.4134   0.2821   *  
Help Lose Weight --   0.1446   --   --  
Help Concentrate --   0.1427   --   --  
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake --   0.1275   --   --  
Help Study --   0.5720   --   --  
Some Other Reason 0.3148   0.2806   0.5613   0.4390  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.14C – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 18 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 221 226 -- -- -- -- -- --
Relax or Relieve Tension 76 73 -- -- 134 150 43 27
Help with Sleep 73 63 -- -- 105 106 102 84
Help with Feelings or Emotion 45 49 -- -- 60 74 17 5
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 42 28 36 27 37 33 10 7
Feel Good or Get High 89 80 59 44 58 60 20 18
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 17 39 22 18 19 22 * 6
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 40 50 8 4 8 14 * *
Help Lose Weight -- -- 29 37 -- -- -- --
Help Concentrate -- -- 94 73 -- -- -- --
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake -- -- 97 100 -- -- -- --
Help Study -- -- 77 74 -- -- -- --
Some Other Reason 23 40 28 25 36 31 13 6
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.14D – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 18 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 1.26 1.44 -- -- -- -- -- --
Relax or Relieve Tension 0.73 0.79 -- -- 1.79 1.94 3.13 2.63
Help with Sleep 0.70 0.68 -- -- 1.63 1.79 3.69 3.28
Help with Feelings or Emotion 0.43 0.55 -- -- 1.06 1.34 1.30 0.51
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 0.42 0.31 0.69 0.57 0.68 0.61 0.80 0.67
Feel Good or Get High 0.84 0.86 1.01 0.90 1.01 1.06 1.57 1.80
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 0.17 0.43 0.42 0.38 0.34 0.42 * 0.63
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 0.39 0.55 0.15 0.09 0.15 0.26 * *
Help Lose Weight -- -- 0.54 0.77 -- -- -- --
Help Concentrate -- -- 1.43 1.37 -- -- -- --
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake -- -- 1.46 1.68 -- -- -- --
Help Study -- -- 1.25 1.37 -- -- -- --
Some Other Reason 0.23 0.45 0.53 0.54 0.65 0.58 1.04 0.56
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190405
Table 6.14P – Main Reasons for Last Episode of Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics among Past Year Misusers Aged 18 or Older of Each Type of Prescription Psychotherapeutic: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Main Reason for Last Episode of Misuse Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Pain Reliever
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Stimulant
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Tranquilizer
Misuse
(2018)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2017)
Past Year
Sedative
Misuse
(2018)
Relieve Physical Pain 0.9136   --   --   --  
Relax or Relieve Tension 0.4340   --   0.4714   0.6540  
Help with Sleep 0.3549   --   0.7063   0.4027  
Help with Feelings or Emotion 0.4094   --   0.6385   0.1260  
Experiment or See What It‘s Like 0.6760   0.7796   0.0975   0.5424  
Feel Good or Get High 0.0575   0.1551   0.8532   0.9578  
Increase or Decrease Effect of Other Drug 0.5914   0.9943   0.8395   *  
Because I Am Hooked or Have to Have It 0.1509   0.3290   0.2504   *  
Help Lose Weight --   0.1714   --   --  
Help Concentrate --   0.1339   --   --  
Help Be Alert or Stay Awake --   0.1309   --   --  
Help Study --   0.5030   --   --  
Some Other Reason 0.3181   0.4344   0.5242   0.7258  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Only a subset of reasons for misuse apply for each prescription psychotherapeutic. Inapplicable reasons are marked as "--" (i.e., not available). Respondents who wrote in an inapplicable reason as their "other reason" (e.g., pain relief as the reason for tranquilizer misuse) were retained in the "Some Other Reason" category.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown information for their reason for misuse were excluded from the analysis, including respondents who reported some other reason but had unknown data in their write-in responses.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.15C – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 210 189 29 27 73 73 193 168 130 115 129 128
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2
                       
Drank Alone 49 45 12 8 22 25 41 37 38 37 29 25
Drank with One Other Person 64 59 11 12 28 27 55 53 45 41 45 43
Drank with More than One
   Person
175 165 19 20 63 62 160 147 105 98 111 110
LOCATION OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2,3
                       
Car or Other Vehicle 26 24 4 7 13 14 22 19 15 17 21 18
Home 113 92 18 13 38 41 104 80 77 64 66 65
Someone Else's Home 128 121 14 19 56 52 115 103 79 76 84 86
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 29 33 5 6 18 15 21 29 18 25 21 23
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 46 50 5 2 10 10 44 49 29 25 34 38
Concert or Sports Game 22 28 2 * 9 7 20 26 17 17 15 20
School 32 34 3 1 9 6 30 33 20 20 22 22
Some Other Place4 36 35 4 * 17 18 31 29 25 26 25 23
Party, Wedding, or
   Celebration
20 20 2 * 10 11 18 16 15 14 14 13
Outside (Location not
   Specified)
10 10 0 * 5 8 9 7 10 10 4 3
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 11 16 * 0 5 6 10 15 7 13 9 9
Camping, Hunting, or
   Fishing
7 4 1 * 6 3 4 2 5 3 5 2
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation
   Home, etc.
8 5 * * 4 2 7 5 4 2 7 5
Dorm Room 4 4 * * * * 4 4 1 2 4 3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Respondents could specify other locations for "Some Other Place." The "other" locations listed are among the most common write-in responses. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.15D – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2
                       
Drank Alone 0.65 0.64 4.01 2.84 1.03 1.29 0.77 0.78 0.96 1.02 0.84 0.72
Drank with One Other Person 0.81 0.78 3.79 3.87 1.29 1.34 1.00 1.00 1.11 1.11 1.13 1.12
Drank with More than One
   Person
0.99 0.93 4.17 4.24 1.55 1.58 1.23 1.20 1.33 1.38 1.32 1.26
LOCATION OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2,3
                       
Car or Other Vehicle 0.37 0.35 1.51 2.52 0.64 0.76 0.45 0.39 0.42 0.50 0.60 0.52
Home 1.12 1.05 4.43 4.25 1.63 1.78 1.44 1.32 1.56 1.50 1.45 1.47
Someone Else's Home 1.04 1.10 4.13 4.80 1.82 1.89 1.29 1.32 1.44 1.57 1.43 1.59
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.41 0.47 1.99 2.07 0.87 0.81 0.43 0.58 0.51 0.71 0.60 0.64
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.60 0.68 1.75 0.74 0.51 0.54 0.84 0.92 0.76 0.73 0.92 1.00
Concert or Sports Game 0.31 0.39 0.86 * 0.46 0.40 0.41 0.54 0.46 0.49 0.43 0.57
School 0.44 0.49 1.26 0.50 0.46 0.31 0.60 0.67 0.54 0.57 0.62 0.64
Some Other Place4 0.50 0.50 1.48 * 0.84 0.94 0.63 0.59 0.70 0.75 0.69 0.65
Party, Wedding, or
   Celebration
0.29 0.29 0.74 * 0.49 0.61 0.37 0.33 0.41 0.41 0.39 0.39
Outside (Location not
   Specified)
0.15 0.16 0.07 * 0.25 0.43 0.19 0.15 0.26 0.30 0.12 0.10
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.16 0.24 * 0.13 0.26 0.33 0.21 0.32 0.20 0.39 0.27 0.27
Camping, Hunting, or
   Fishing
0.10 0.05 0.57 * 0.30 0.17 0.08 0.04 0.14 0.09 0.16 0.06
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation
   Home, etc.
0.12 0.08 * * 0.20 0.14 0.15 0.10 0.13 0.07 0.21 0.14
Dorm Room 0.06 0.06 * * * * 0.08 0.08 0.02 0.07 0.11 0.09
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Respondents could specify other locations for "Some Other Place." The "other" locations listed are among the most common write-in responses. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.15P – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 da   da   da   da   da   da  
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2
                       
Drank Alone 0.9462   0.3354   0.1042   0.5639   0.5922   0.6232  
Drank with One Other Person 0.9892   0.5176   0.5435   0.8802   0.8415   0.8312  
Drank with More than One
   Person
0.9556   0.8676   0.5029   0.8118   0.5683   0.6347  
LOCATION OF MOST
RECENT ALCOHOL USE2,3
                       
Car or Other Vehicle 0.6659   0.4714   0.5199   0.2692   0.5290   0.2524  
Home 0.8727   0.0765   0.1166   0.7288   0.8608   0.6587  
Someone Else's Home 0.3847   0.0214   0.0829   0.7091   0.0678   0.5690  
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 0.6809   0.8283   0.1968   0.1388   0.1145   0.2905  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.9796   0.2672   0.9908   0.9891   0.8465   0.8434  
Concert or Sports Game 0.2748   *   0.3824   0.1519   0.9442   0.1567  
School 0.7025   0.2572   0.6969   0.7869   0.9520   0.5971  
Some Other Place4 0.5893   *   0.5855   0.3403   0.5606   0.1371  
Party, Wedding, or
   Celebration
0.5729   *   0.4733   0.2799   0.9951   0.3887  
Outside (Location not
   Specified)
0.9616   *   0.6007   0.5692   0.9285   0.7925  
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.0794   *   0.1401   0.2180   0.0590   0.6424  
Camping, Hunting, or
   Fishing
0.1191   *   0.4362   0.2579   0.5600   0.1061  
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation
   Home, etc.
0.1838   *   0.1624   0.5749   0.0909   0.5734  
Dorm Room 0.9825   *   *   0.9913   0.2822   0.5580  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Respondents could specify other locations for "Some Other Place." The "other" locations listed are among the most common write-in responses. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.16C – Source Where Alcohol Was Obtained for Most Recent Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 210 189 29 27 73 73 193 168 130 115 129 128
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID2 98 96 6 4 31 29 94 90 70 65 58 61
Purchased It Himself or Herself 52 53 4 * 11 15 50 51 40 37 27 34
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club,
   or Event
46 49 2 * 10 12 44 47 36 34 25 31
Liquor, Convenience, or
   Grocery Store
38 39 2 * 9 9 36 38 33 30 18 23
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 22 25 * * 1 7 22 23 13 17 17 17
Concert, Sports, or Other
   Event
7 3 * * 2 1 6 3 6 2 3 2
From Another Person 18 16 3 * 6 8 16 14 15 12 8 10
From Person under Age 21 11 11 3 * 5 8 9 7 10 9 5 5
From Person Aged 21 or Older 14 12 * * 4 0 13 12 11 8 7 9
Purchased by Someone Else 77 73 5 4 27 24 73 68 53 53 48 44
Parent or Guardian 12 16 * * 2 4 12 15 9 13 7 9
Another Family Member Aged 21
   or Older
21 24 * * 7 9 20 22 16 20 14 14
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or
   Older
63 58 4 4 20 18 60 54 45 43 42 34
Someone under Age 21 28 22 * * 15 12 24 18 17 13 19 15
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY2 151 140 24 25 62 67 135 116 98 84 100 100
Got It from Parent or Guardian 48 48 10 10 24 24 39 39 35 29 32 35
Got It from Another Family Member
   Aged 21 or Older
45 45 9 8 24 21 37 39 32 33 32 32
Got It from Someone Not Related
   Aged 21 or Older
85 69 6 10 27 26 81 65 54 43 60 53
Got It from Someone under Age 21 50 54 9 11 32 33 39 42 34 34 36 41
Took It from Own Home 34 34 12 9 19 26 25 21 23 23 24 24
Took It from Someone Else's Home 24 22 4 4 13 12 19 18 18 16 13 14
Got It Some Other Way 33 31 8 7 19 12 25 27 24 23 21 19
From Friend or Acquaintance,
   Unspecified Age and Method3
22 19 5 3 15 6 15 18 14 16 17 10
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could specify other sources for "Some Other Way." The source listed is the most common write-in response. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.16D – Source Where Alcohol Was Obtained for Most Recent Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID2 0.96 1.02 2.09 1.57 1.32 1.46 1.28 1.28 1.48 1.39 1.27 1.40
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.65 0.71 1.39 * 0.55 0.77 0.92 0.95 0.99 1.03 0.74 0.88
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club,
   or Event
0.59 0.67 0.72 * 0.47 0.65 0.84 0.89 0.89 0.95 0.70 0.83
Liquor, Convenience, or
   Grocery Store
0.50 0.54 0.72 * 0.46 0.51 0.71 0.76 0.84 0.85 0.50 0.64
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.30 0.36 * * 0.03 0.40 0.44 0.47 0.35 0.48 0.47 0.47
Concert, Sports, or Other
   Event
0.09 0.04 * * 0.08 0.06 0.14 0.06 0.17 0.06 0.07 0.06
From Another Person 0.24 0.23 1.20 * 0.30 0.44 0.32 0.29 0.41 0.36 0.24 0.30
From Person under Age 21 0.15 0.16 1.20 * 0.23 0.44 0.20 0.15 0.27 0.28 0.14 0.16
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.19 0.17 * * 0.19 0.02 0.26 0.25 0.31 0.23 0.20 0.25
Purchased by Someone Else 0.84 0.87 1.60 1.57 1.23 1.26 1.15 1.11 1.29 1.27 1.11 1.11
Parent or Guardian 0.16 0.23 * * 0.11 0.23 0.24 0.32 0.26 0.37 0.21 0.27
Another Family Member Aged 21
   or Older
0.29 0.34 * * 0.33 0.48 0.41 0.46 0.45 0.57 0.39 0.41
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or
   Older
0.76 0.75 1.55 1.31 0.95 0.96 1.03 0.97 1.13 1.11 1.03 0.92
Someone under Age 21 0.39 0.31 * * 0.74 0.63 0.49 0.37 0.47 0.39 0.53 0.43
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY2 0.96 1.02 2.09 1.57 1.32 1.46 1.28 1.28 1.48 1.39 1.27 1.40
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.65 0.69 3.65 3.83 1.16 1.28 0.77 0.81 0.91 0.85 0.96 0.98
Got It from Another Family Member
   Aged 21 or Older
0.66 0.66 3.30 3.39 1.24 1.12 0.78 0.82 0.89 0.93 0.97 0.95
Got It from Someone Not Related
   Aged 21 or Older
0.92 0.89 2.48 3.84 1.29 1.38 1.21 1.14 1.29 1.20 1.36 1.39
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.66 0.76 3.56 3.94 1.49 1.62 0.72 0.85 0.94 0.99 0.95 1.10
Took It from Own Home 0.49 0.51 4.08 3.44 0.97 1.41 0.54 0.46 0.65 0.69 0.71 0.73
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.34 0.32 1.58 1.64 0.69 0.67 0.39 0.38 0.50 0.49 0.40 0.42
Got It Some Other Way 0.48 0.46 3.28 2.96 0.99 0.68 0.54 0.58 0.69 0.70 0.62 0.56
From Friend or Acquaintance,
   Unspecified Age and Method3
0.32 0.29 2.04 1.20 0.78 0.35 0.33 0.39 0.40 0.49 0.51 0.31
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could specify other sources for "Some Other Way." The source listed is the most common write-in response. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190422
Table 6.16P – Source Where Alcohol Was Obtained for Most Recent Use in Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group and Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Aged 12-14
(2017)
Aged 12-14
(2018)
Aged 15-17
(2017)
Aged 15-17
(2018)
Aged 18-20
(2017)
Aged 18-20
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USERS1 da   da   da   da   da   da  
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID2 0.3980   0.1370   0.5495   0.4321   0.8144   0.1775  
Purchased It Himself or Herself 0.7055   *   0.4996   0.8561   0.8805   0.3593  
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club,
   or Event
0.4266   *   0.3567   0.6173   0.6667   0.3807  
Liquor, Convenience, or
   Grocery Store
0.5178   *   0.6598   0.4765   0.8105   0.3241  
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 0.3826   *   0.0104   0.8864   0.3472   0.7472  
Concert, Sports, or Other
   Event
0.2908   *   0.8505   0.2920   0.3000   0.7815  
From Another Person 0.3414   *   0.9144   0.4182   0.1881   0.8306  
From Person under Age 21 0.6783   *   0.5018   0.5439   0.8407   0.6624  
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.3765   *   0.0378   0.5716   0.0938   0.6296  
Purchased by Someone Else 0.2206   0.8626   0.2880   0.3253   0.6199   0.0170  
Parent or Guardian 0.0990   *   0.3725   0.1503   0.0701   0.7882  
Another Family Member Aged 21
   or Older
0.5362   *   0.2732   0.9147   0.5210   0.8493  
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or
   Older
0.0784   0.6189   0.2455   0.1242   0.9412   0.0108  
Someone under Age 21 0.3623   *   0.3373   0.6685   0.5804   0.3932  
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY2 0.3980   0.1370   0.5495   0.4321   0.8144   0.1775  
Got It from Parent or Guardian 0.7070   0.5436   0.9541   0.7386   0.4918   0.2775  
Got It from Another Family Member
   Aged 21 or Older
0.4594   0.9870   0.3565   0.1559   0.3444   0.9322  
Got It from Someone Not Related
   Aged 21 or Older
0.5836   0.3464   0.8657   0.4151   0.3826   0.9744  
Got It from Someone under Age 21 0.4870   0.9241   0.6687   0.4246   0.9176   0.4128  
Took It from Own Home 0.1892   0.7444   0.0005   0.2737   0.2636   0.4512  
Took It from Someone Else's Home 0.8643   0.9827   0.6203   0.8465   0.7785   0.9386  
Got It Some Other Way 0.3729   0.8797   0.0066   0.5354   0.7126   0.3163  
From Friend or Acquaintance,
   Unspecified Age and Method3
0.0124   0.2933   0.0007   0.5775   0.2804   0.0106  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The total row includes respondents with missing underage drinking information.
2 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded from the respective analyses.
3 Respondents could specify other sources for "Some Other Way." The source listed is the most common write-in response. Invalid write-in responses were excluded from this analysis.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.17C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 218 234 27 22 213 232
Marijuana 208 217 25 20 204 215
Cocaine 56 56 7 * 56 56
Crack 14 21 * * 14 20
Heroin 19 22 * 1 19 22
Hallucinogens 51 51 2 1 51 51
LSD 22 25 0 * 22 25
PCP 4 4 * * 4 4
Ecstasy 35 31 * * 35 31
Inhalants 21 23 1 * 21 23
Methamphetamine 25 34 2 4 25 34
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 94 93 13 12 91 92
Pain Relievers 68 60 11 11 66 59
Stimulants 57 64 3 9 57 63
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 53 54 9 * 52 53
Tranquilizers 49 53 7 * 49 53
Sedatives 21 16 5 * 21 13
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 69 63 11 11 67 62
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 115 114 15 12 113 113
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.17D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.31 0.33 1.16 0.94 0.32 0.34
Marijuana 0.30 0.31 1.06 0.83 0.31 0.32
Cocaine 0.09 0.09 0.32 * 0.09 0.09
Crack 0.02 0.03 * * 0.02 0.03
Heroin 0.03 0.03 * 0.06 0.03 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.06 0.08 0.08
LSD 0.03 0.04 0.01 * 0.04 0.04
PCP 0.01 0.01 * * 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.05 0.05 * * 0.06 0.05
Inhalants 0.03 0.03 0.04 * 0.03 0.04
Methamphetamine 0.04 0.05 0.10 0.16 0.04 0.05
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.14 0.14 0.55 0.50 0.15 0.15
Pain Relievers 0.11 0.09 0.49 0.48 0.11 0.09
Stimulants 0.09 0.10 0.15 0.39 0.09 0.10
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.08 0.08 0.37 * 0.08 0.09
Tranquilizers 0.08 0.08 0.32 * 0.08 0.09
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.20 * 0.03 0.02
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 0.11 0.10 0.49 0.48 0.11 0.10
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.18 0.17 0.64 0.52 0.18 0.18
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.17P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.0053   0.0424   0.0019  
Marijuana 0.0014   0.0905   0.0005  
Cocaine 0.7460   *   0.8175  
Crack 0.5328   *   0.5521  
Heroin 0.9879   *   0.9794  
Hallucinogens 0.8314   0.5880   0.8302  
LSD 0.9501   *   0.9411  
PCP 0.9695   *   0.9701  
Ecstasy 0.9890   *   0.9806  
Inhalants 0.5565   *   0.5321  
Methamphetamine 0.1337   0.4288   0.1588  
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.1785   0.3305   0.2241  
Pain Relievers 0.0947   0.4703   0.1309  
Stimulants 0.5604   0.4220   0.4765  
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.4211   *   0.4856  
Tranquilizers 0.5485   *   0.5860  
Sedatives 0.6570   *   0.4887  
Benzodiazepines --   --   --  
Opioids 0.1078   0.4703   0.1494  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.4487   0.2319   0.5368  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.18C – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Opioid Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ILLICIT DRUG USE PAST MONTH MARIJUANA USE PAST MONTH OPIOID USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 218 234 27 22 213 232 208 217 25 20 204 215 69 63 11 11 67 62
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 46 43 * * 46 43 44 40 * * 43 40 15 17 * * 15 17
18-25 103 101 14 14 126 122 102 100 13 14 123 119 30 27 5 2 30 27
26-44 162 179 23 18 158 178 151 166 21 15 148 164 61 55 10 11 59 53
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 96 113 15 12 94 111 88 106 13 12 87 104 31 36 6 * 30 36
100-199% 104 100 16 10 102 99 97 95 14 8 95 94 33 30 8 * 32 30
200% or More 159 171 16 17 157 170 149 159 16 15 147 158 51 43 4 10 50 42
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 162 177 17 14 159 176 156 167 16 14 154 165 44 40 4 * 44 40
Medicaid/CHIP 114 110 18 12 111 108 106 103 17 10 103 101 37 37 7 6 36 36
Other4 56 62 * * 55 61 48 58 * * 47 58 23 20 * * 23 19
No Coverage 75 78 * * 74 78 68 72 * * 68 72 32 27 * * 31 26
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da da 20 20 da da da da 19 17 da da da da 4 11 da da
Second da da 13 7 da da da da 10 7 da da da da 7 * da da
Third da da 14 6 da da da da 12 6 da da da da 8 2 da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.18D – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Opioid Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ILLICIT DRUG USE PAST MONTH MARIJUANA USE PAST MONTH OPIOID USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.31 0.33 1.16 0.94 0.32 0.34 0.30 0.31 1.06 0.83 0.31 0.32 0.11 0.10 0.49 0.48 0.11 0.10
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.67 0.65 * * 0.67 0.65 0.64 0.60 * * 0.64 0.61 0.23 0.26 * * 0.23 0.27
18-25 0.60 0.60 1.83 1.96 0.63 0.62 0.60 0.59 1.71 1.95 0.63 0.61 0.18 0.16 0.72 0.33 0.18 0.16
26-44 0.37 0.41 1.44 1.08 0.38 0.43 0.35 0.38 1.31 0.90 0.35 0.40 0.15 0.13 0.63 0.66 0.15 0.14
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 0.63 0.73 2.74 2.62 0.65 0.74 0.60 0.69 2.49 2.60 0.62 0.71 0.23 0.26 1.20 * 0.24 0.27
100-199% 0.69 0.67 3.21 1.79 0.70 0.70 0.64 0.63 2.85 1.43 0.65 0.66 0.24 0.22 1.71 * 0.24 0.23
200% or More 0.40 0.43 1.24 1.22 0.42 0.44 0.38 0.40 1.18 1.07 0.39 0.42 0.14 0.12 0.33 0.70 0.14 0.12
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 0.38 0.40 1.30 1.04 0.39 0.41 0.37 0.38 1.24 1.04 0.37 0.39 0.11 0.10 0.35 * 0.11 0.10
Medicaid/CHIP 0.64 0.66 2.00 1.35 0.68 0.68 0.60 0.62 1.88 1.16 0.63 0.65 0.24 0.24 0.75 0.66 0.25 0.25
Other4 1.21 1.35 * * 1.24 1.38 1.07 1.26 * * 1.09 1.32 0.53 0.47 * * 0.55 0.45
No Coverage 0.96 1.00 * * 0.96 1.01 0.88 0.94 * * 0.90 0.95 0.43 0.36 * * 0.43 0.36
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da da 2.47 2.58 da da da da 2.39 2.26 da da da da 0.55 1.51 da da
Second da da 1.50 0.84 da da da da 1.24 0.83 da da da da 0.78 * da da
Third da da 2.12 0.87 da da da da 1.82 0.84 da da da da 1.21 0.23 da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.18P – Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Opioid Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ILLICIT DRUG USE PAST MONTH MARIJUANA USE PAST MONTH OPIOID USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.0053   0.0424   0.0019   0.0014   0.0905   0.0005   0.1078   0.4703   0.1494  
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.6727   *   0.9124   0.6710   *   0.8750   0.6815   *   0.8224  
18-25 0.3689   0.7292   0.3671   0.3670   0.9613   0.3823   0.0430   0.3949   0.0754  
26-44 0.0020   0.0483   0.0007   0.0003   0.0603   0.0001   0.4371   0.7726   0.4560  
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 0.1190   0.5356   0.1238   0.0359   0.8939   0.0424   0.9298   *   0.9351  
100-199% 0.9146   0.0227   0.7876   0.5973   0.0316   0.3545   0.0859   *   0.1598  
200% or More 0.0032   0.5919   0.0017   0.0063   0.5764   0.0035   0.2920   0.4065   0.2543  
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 0.0164   0.1914   0.0087   0.0238   0.3302   0.0135   0.6927   *   0.8058  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.3228   0.0066   0.1515   0.0731   0.0095   0.0264   0.1539   0.4725   0.2068  
Other4 0.3301   *   0.2856   0.1465   *   0.0970   0.1478   *   0.0716  
No Coverage 0.2550   *   0.2942   0.1703   *   0.2161   0.1580   *   0.2052  
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da   0.9541   da   da   0.8731   da   da   0.3067   da  
Second da   0.0798   da   da   0.3038   da   da   *   da  
Third da   0.0104   da   da   0.0251   da   da   0.1413   da  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.19C – Tobacco Use, Cigarette Use, Daily Cigarette Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH TOBACCO PRODUCT USE PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 280 271 35 32 271 269 269 261 34 31 261 259 191 191 25 24 187 189
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 32 29 * * 32 29 27 25 * * 27 25 9 9 * * 9 9
18-25 94 96 19 17 105 106 91 89 18 16 98 96 64 52 15 12 64 52
26-44 242 243 30 27 237 242 237 237 30 27 232 235 175 182 22 21 173 180
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 140 149 24 18 137 147 135 143 23 17 132 142 103 104 17 15 101 103
100-199% 135 127 19 19 131 126 128 123 19 19 124 121 95 100 16 13 93 98
200% or More 176 173 18 19 175 174 167 163 17 18 166 163 110 115 12 14 110 116
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 183 184 19 17 180 184 174 172 19 17 171 171 114 118 14 9 114 117
Medicaid/CHIP 159 154 29 23 151 152 154 151 28 23 147 149 116 114 19 17 112 113
Other4 72 66 * * 70 64 69 63 * * 67 61 45 49 * * 43 47
No Coverage 107 110 * * 106 109 105 108 * * 105 107 83 80 * * 83 80
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da da 23 24 da da da da 23 23 da da da da 17 17 da da
Second da da 19 16 da da da da 19 15 da da da da 13 12 da da
Third da da 17 14 da da da da 17 14 da da da da 14 13 da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 6.19D – Tobacco Use, Cigarette Use, Daily Cigarette Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH TOBACCO PRODUCT USE PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.38 0.39 1.45 1.34 0.38 0.40 0.37 0.38 1.43 1.31 0.37 0.38 0.28 0.29 1.08 1.00 0.29 0.30
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.49 0.45 * * 0.49 0.45 0.42 0.40 * * 0.42 0.40 0.14 0.14 * * 0.15 0.14
18-25 0.55 0.57 2.39 2.39 0.58 0.58 0.53 0.52 2.31 2.30 0.56 0.54 0.38 0.30 2.00 1.73 0.39 0.31
26-44 0.52 0.54 1.82 1.61 0.53 0.55 0.51 0.53 1.82 1.59 0.52 0.54 0.40 0.43 1.36 1.25 0.41 0.44
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 0.88 0.93 3.94 3.70 0.90 0.95 0.86 0.91 3.92 3.56 0.88 0.93 0.70 0.71 3.15 3.14 0.72 0.73
100-199% 0.81 0.82 3.76 3.27 0.82 0.85 0.79 0.82 3.76 3.27 0.79 0.85 0.63 0.69 3.20 2.38 0.64 0.71
200% or More 0.44 0.44 1.40 1.38 0.46 0.46 0.42 0.42 1.33 1.34 0.44 0.43 0.29 0.31 0.91 0.99 0.31 0.32
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 0.42 0.43 1.51 1.24 0.43 0.44 0.40 0.41 1.46 1.23 0.41 0.42 0.28 0.29 1.08 0.70 0.29 0.30
Medicaid/CHIP 0.82 0.84 2.85 2.49 0.84 0.88 0.82 0.84 2.85 2.48 0.84 0.87 0.67 0.68 2.04 1.93 0.69 0.71
Other4 1.45 1.44 * * 1.49 1.44 1.41 1.40 * * 1.43 1.41 1.00 1.12 * * 1.00 1.13
No Coverage 1.25 1.26 * * 1.27 1.26 1.25 1.25 * * 1.27 1.27 1.04 0.99 * * 1.06 1.00
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da da 2.98 3.06 da da da da 2.88 2.97 da da da da 2.17 2.27 da da
Second da da 2.20 1.75 da da da da 2.19 1.73 da da da da 1.52 1.31 da da
Third da da 2.48 1.86 da da da da 2.45 1.86 da da da da 2.09 1.72 da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 6.19P – Tobacco Use, Cigarette Use, Daily Cigarette Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH TOBACCO PRODUCT USE PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE PAST MONTH DAILY CIGARETTE USE
Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status Total1 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.5087   0.1168   0.7449   0.2950   0.1526   0.4438   0.0653   0.0866   0.1087  
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.0539   *   0.1080   0.1032   *   0.1940   0.9463   *   0.9677  
18-25 0.0377   0.4089   0.0635   0.0006   0.5229   0.0011   0.0002   0.1509   0.0006  
26-44 0.7118   0.2498   0.5398   0.6733   0.2496   0.5182   0.4316   0.3098   0.5308  
POVERTY LEVEL2                                    
Less Than 100% 0.5081   0.1666   0.6860   0.3799   0.1456   0.5272   0.1574   0.2064   0.2354  
100-199% 0.9374   0.4202   0.8282   0.8146   0.5039   0.8934   0.6740   0.3354   0.7472  
200% or More 0.6017   0.8905   0.7272   0.4464   0.9724   0.5349   0.1798   0.7601   0.2134  
HEALTH INSURANCE3                                    
Private 0.2445   0.2938   0.2946   0.2056   0.3992   0.2287   0.0993   0.0422   0.1253  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.9435   0.0191   0.6550   0.9422   0.0438   0.7078   0.4592   0.1328   0.6459  
Other4 0.5234   *   0.5749   0.2799   *   0.3079   0.9817   *   0.7926  
No Coverage 0.1782   *   0.2030   0.3969   *   0.4131   0.8106   *   0.7637  
TRIMESTER5                                    
First da   0.6240   da   da   0.5947   da   da   0.3846   da  
Second da   0.4048   da   da   0.5297   da   da   0.3137   da  
Third da   0.0833   da   da   0.1008   da   da   0.2416   da  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
5 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 6.20C – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USE PAST MONTH BINGE ALCOHOL USE1 PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE
Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 487 507 35 36 482 502 352 333 25 22 350 333 140 141 6 11 140 141
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 56 49 * * 56 49 41 36 * * 41 36 14 11 * * 14 11
18-25 134 129 14 15 240 232 130 117 12 12 188 171 68 71 3 6 76 80
26-44 414 418 32 33 411 412 287 270 22 20 287 269 118 116 5 9 118 115
POVERTY LEVEL3                                    
Less Than 100% 211 191 15 15 209 190 147 148 14 12 145 146 57 55 * 6 57 55
100-199% 189 190 11 15 187 188 140 128 5 12 140 127 61 46 * 6 61 45
200% or More 401 424 30 30 398 418 280 261 21 15 279 261 113 116 4 6 113 115
HEALTH INSURANCE4                                    
Private 421 445 29 32 416 439 300 273 21 16 298 272 116 118 4 8 116 117
Medicaid/CHIP 179 175 15 14 177 173 132 128 11 10 132 128 53 49 * 8 53 48
Other5 116 106 * * 115 105 74 79 * * 73 78 33 35 * * 33 35
No Coverage 134 130 * * 134 130 105 103 * * 105 102 48 45 * * 48 44
TRIMESTER6                                    
First da da 30 27 da da da da 23 20 da da da da 5 10 da da
Second da da 14 16 da da da da 4 7 da da da da 3 5 da da
Third da da 8 12 da da da da 5 * da da da da * * da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.20D – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USE PAST MONTH BINGE ALCOHOL USE1 PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE
Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.49 0.47 1.46 1.46 0.49 0.48 0.45 0.40 1.09 0.93 0.46 0.42 0.21 0.21 0.25 0.46 0.21 0.22
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.81 0.70 * * 0.81 0.71 0.60 0.54 * * 0.60 0.54 0.22 0.17 * * 0.22 0.17
18-25 0.79 0.76 1.86 2.13 0.80 0.76 0.76 0.69 1.61 1.68 0.79 0.70 0.40 0.42 0.41 0.90 0.42 0.44
26-44 0.66 0.61 1.98 1.89 0.67 0.63 0.59 0.54 1.41 1.18 0.61 0.56 0.27 0.27 0.31 0.54 0.29 0.28
POVERTY LEVEL3                                    
Less Than 100% 1.09 0.96 2.76 3.08 1.12 0.97 0.86 0.84 2.55 2.69 0.88 0.85 0.41 0.38 * 1.41 0.43 0.40
100-199% 0.98 0.97 2.26 2.68 0.99 1.00 0.87 0.80 1.12 2.16 0.89 0.83 0.42 0.34 * 1.21 0.44 0.35
200% or More 0.61 0.59 2.19 2.06 0.61 0.60 0.61 0.55 1.60 1.11 0.63 0.57 0.29 0.30 0.34 0.44 0.31 0.31
HEALTH INSURANCE4                                    
Private 0.59 0.57 2.18 2.22 0.59 0.58 0.58 0.52 1.64 1.22 0.60 0.54 0.27 0.28 0.35 0.62 0.28 0.29
Medicaid/CHIP 0.85 0.87 1.69 1.52 0.90 0.90 0.74 0.71 1.24 1.07 0.78 0.75 0.34 0.31 * 0.86 0.36 0.33
Other5 1.70 1.76 * * 1.75 1.77 1.43 1.62 * * 1.48 1.66 0.73 0.80 * * 0.76 0.83
No Coverage 1.38 1.30 * * 1.41 1.33 1.23 1.16 * * 1.25 1.18 0.63 0.59 * * 0.65 0.60
TRIMESTER6                                    
First da da 3.46 3.39 da da da da 2.92 2.63 da da da da 0.66 1.33 da da
Second da da 1.67 1.77 da da da da 0.50 0.81 da da da da 0.32 0.57 da da
Third da da 1.26 1.68 da da da da 0.68 * da da da da * * da da
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.20P – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status, Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Pregnancy Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic/
Pregnancy Characteristic
PAST MONTH ALCOHOL USE PAST MONTH BINGE ALCOHOL USE1 PAST MONTH HEAVY ALCOHOL USE
Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status Total2 Pregnancy Status
Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.8439   0.4595   0.7114   0.6716   0.7339   0.7436   0.9939   0.0653   0.8429  
AGE GROUP                                    
15-17 0.0158   *   0.0287   0.0314   *   0.0668   0.0275   *   0.0382  
18-25 0.9036   0.8402   0.7197   0.3118   0.7982   0.2741   0.9572   0.0657   0.8159  
26-44 0.5824   0.4337   0.4030   0.7278   0.9799   0.6680   0.7821   0.3062   0.9075  
POVERTY LEVEL3                                    
Less Than 100% 0.3147   0.5920   0.4042   0.0378   0.9563   0.0420   0.9718   *   0.8709  
100-199% 0.3910   0.9492   0.4287   0.1487   0.1435   0.1612   0.1839   *   0.1208  
200% or More 0.9327   0.2432   0.6579   0.3737   0.3855   0.4560   0.5132   0.5936   0.5415  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                                    
Private 0.9047   0.7197   0.7459   0.2556   0.5183   0.3423   0.7074   0.1566   0.6366  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.7129   0.4013   0.6443   0.8899   0.6944   0.9469   0.6409   *   0.4996  
Other5 0.1032   *   0.1253   0.7853   *   0.8026   0.5438   *   0.5218  
No Coverage 0.9596   *   0.9562   0.1906   *   0.2243   0.7466   *   0.5898  
TRIMESTER6                                    
First da   0.4829   da   da   0.8990   da   da   0.1007   da  
Second da   0.6873   da   da   0.2272   da   da   0.2919   da  
Third da   0.9818   da   da   *   da   da   *   da  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.21C – Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 218 234 27 22 213 232
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 280 271 35 32 271 269
Cigarettes 269 261 34 31 261 259
Smokeless Tobacco 41 41 5 6 41 40
Cigars 94 101 14 11 92 100
Pipe Tobacco 44 45 * 9 44 45
ALCOHOL 487 507 35 36 482 502
Binge Alcohol Use2 352 333 25 22 350 333
Heavy Alcohol Use 140 141 6 11 140 141
ILLICIT DRUGS, TOBACCO PRODUCTS, OR ALCOHOL 527 535 47 44 520 531
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL 497 516 40 40 490 511
TOBACCO PRODUCTS OR ALCOHOL 520 531 45 42 514 527
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.21D – Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.31 0.33 1.16 0.94 0.32 0.34
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.38 0.39 1.45 1.34 0.38 0.40
Cigarettes 0.37 0.38 1.43 1.31 0.37 0.38
Smokeless Tobacco 0.06 0.06 0.20 0.25 0.07 0.07
Cigars 0.15 0.16 0.59 0.48 0.15 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.07 * 0.36 0.07 0.07
ALCOHOL 0.49 0.47 1.46 1.46 0.49 0.48
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.45 0.40 1.09 0.93 0.46 0.42
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.21 0.21 0.25 0.46 0.21 0.22
ILLICIT DRUGS, TOBACCO PRODUCTS, OR ALCOHOL 0.48 0.46 1.86 1.77 0.48 0.47
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL 0.49 0.46 1.65 1.62 0.49 0.47
TOBACCO PRODUCTS OR ALCOHOL 0.48 0.46 1.78 1.70 0.48 0.47
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190403
Table 6.21P – Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.0053   0.0424   0.0019  
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.5087   0.1168   0.7449  
Cigarettes 0.2950   0.1526   0.4438  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.2165   0.8342   0.2205  
Cigars 0.3318   0.4822   0.2515  
Pipe Tobacco 0.4111   *   0.4585  
ALCOHOL 0.8439   0.4595   0.7114  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.6716   0.7339   0.7436  
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.9939   0.0653   0.8429  
ILLICIT DRUGS, TOBACCO PRODUCTS, OR ALCOHOL 0.6816   0.1377   0.4447  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL 0.5203   0.1387   0.3424  
TOBACCO PRODUCTS OR ALCOHOL 0.8639   0.1503   0.6287  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Estimates of binge alcohol use that are used in the comparisons include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.22C – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance All Persons Aged 18-221 Full-Time College Students Aged 18-22 Other Persons Aged 18-222
Total Gender Total Gender Total Gender
Male Female Male Female Male Female
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 172 173 116 121 104 98 110 120 70 76 73 72 111 113 84 87 69 66
Marijuana 163 166 110 116 101 96 106 113 65 71 72 70 105 112 81 85 66 66
Cocaine 40 34 33 27 22 20 22 22 17 19 13 10 32 25 26 19 18 16
Crack 5 8 4 7 3 5 3 1 * 1 3 * 3 8 3 6 2 5
Heroin 13 10 9 7 9 7 2 4 * * 2 4 12 9 9 7 8 5
Hallucinogens 39 35 30 25 23 20 22 22 17 15 14 13 31 24 24 19 18 14
LSD 27 19 23 14 14 12 15 8 11 5 10 7 23 16 20 13 10 9
PCP * * 1 * * * * * * * * * 1 * 1 * * *
Ecstasy 26 22 18 12 16 16 15 15 11 8 10 10 20 13 14 9 13 10
Inhalants 17 15 13 13 11 8 8 7 6 6 5 4 14 11 11 9 10 7
Methamphetamine 20 12 18 9 8 7 4 4 3 3 2 2 19 11 18 8 8 7
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 68 52 53 36 38 36 46 34 34 25 27 22 46 35 37 24 27 26
Pain Relievers 42 29 31 22 24 20 26 15 18 11 14 9 31 25 25 19 20 17
Stimulants 48 37 35 24 29 24 35 29 26 21 23 19 28 20 21 13 17 15
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 36 28 28 20 22 21 19 14 15 10 12 10 29 24 23 17 18 18
Tranquilizers 35 28 27 19 22 21 18 14 13 10 12 10 29 25 23 17 18 18
Sedatives 10 7 8 5 5 4 7 3 7 * * 3 6 6 4 5 5 3
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 43 30 33 23 25 20 26 15 18 11 15 10 33 26 26 20 21 17
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana3 83 69 65 49 45 45 53 44 41 32 31 27 60 46 48 35 35 32
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 162 142 123 109 86 80 86 84 68 62 49 49 130 109 101 88 73 62
Cigarettes 135 121 98 92 79 71 66 65 49 45 43 42 113 96 85 75 67 55
Daily Cigarettes 68 61 47 47 43 35 23 19 15 14 18 14 63 57 44 44 40 32
Smokeless Tobacco 56 54 54 49 15 21 28 32 28 28 4 15 46 41 44 38 15 15
Cigars 86 81 74 69 43 41 49 45 42 40 26 20 69 66 60 56 33 34
Pipe Tobacco 44 40 36 34 24 19 23 22 15 18 16 12 37 32 32 29 18 14
ALCOHOL 304 265 183 168 179 165 204 196 122 115 121 125 169 142 117 104 109 96
Binge Alcohol Use4 229 197 142 128 138 124 151 147 92 92 97 93 134 105 94 77 84 73
Heavy Alcohol Use 102 102 74 66 62 58 70 71 51 46 46 41 65 58 51 44 39 35
SUBSTANCE USE                                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 332 286 203 186 187 173 216 206 131 124 126 129 194 168 135 123 117 108
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 320 277 194 177 185 171 211 202 127 120 125 129 183 158 125 115 113 104
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 320 278 196 177 182 171 211 202 128 120 123 128 187 160 131 117 115 103
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The All Persons Aged 18-22 column includes those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
4 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.22D – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance All Persons Aged 18-221 Full-Time College Students Aged 18-22 Other Persons Aged 18-222
Total Gender Total Gender Total Gender
Male Female Male Female Male Female
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.58 0.60 0.82 0.84 0.80 0.77 1.00 1.10 1.52 1.54 1.36 1.35 0.69 0.68 0.97 0.98 0.96 0.90
Marijuana 0.57 0.58 0.80 0.81 0.79 0.76 0.98 1.05 1.44 1.47 1.36 1.32 0.67 0.68 0.95 0.98 0.95 0.90
Cocaine 0.18 0.15 0.29 0.24 0.22 0.19 0.28 0.27 0.45 0.50 0.31 0.25 0.24 0.18 0.36 0.25 0.29 0.26
Crack 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.01 * 0.01 0.07 * 0.02 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.03 0.07
Heroin 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.03 0.05 * * 0.06 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.10 0.14 0.09
Hallucinogens 0.18 0.16 0.27 0.22 0.23 0.19 0.28 0.28 0.45 0.39 0.36 0.32 0.23 0.18 0.33 0.26 0.29 0.21
LSD 0.13 0.09 0.20 0.12 0.14 0.11 0.19 0.11 0.29 0.13 0.25 0.17 0.17 0.12 0.28 0.18 0.17 0.14
PCP * * 0.01 * * * * * * * * * 0.01 * 0.01 * * *
Ecstasy 0.12 0.10 0.16 0.11 0.16 0.15 0.19 0.18 0.30 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.15 0.10 0.19 0.12 0.21 0.16
Inhalants 0.08 0.07 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.18 0.16 0.12 0.09 0.11 0.08 0.16 0.12 0.16 0.10
Methamphetamine 0.09 0.05 0.17 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.08 0.09 0.05 0.04 0.14 0.08 0.24 0.11 0.13 0.11
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.29 0.23 0.45 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.54 0.40 0.84 0.65 0.65 0.53 0.33 0.25 0.50 0.33 0.43 0.41
Pain Relievers 0.19 0.13 0.28 0.20 0.23 0.19 0.32 0.19 0.49 0.30 0.35 0.23 0.23 0.18 0.34 0.26 0.32 0.27
Stimulants 0.22 0.17 0.31 0.22 0.28 0.22 0.44 0.35 0.67 0.54 0.55 0.45 0.20 0.15 0.29 0.19 0.28 0.23
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.17 0.13 0.25 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.25 0.18 0.41 0.27 0.30 0.26 0.22 0.18 0.32 0.24 0.29 0.28
Tranquilizers 0.16 0.13 0.24 0.17 0.21 0.20 0.23 0.18 0.36 0.27 0.30 0.24 0.21 0.18 0.32 0.23 0.29 0.28
Sedatives 0.05 0.03 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.09 0.04 0.20 * * 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.05
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 0.19 0.14 0.29 0.21 0.24 0.19 0.32 0.19 0.49 0.30 0.36 0.25 0.24 0.19 0.36 0.28 0.33 0.27
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana3 0.35 0.30 0.53 0.41 0.42 0.41 0.60 0.51 0.97 0.80 0.72 0.62 0.43 0.33 0.64 0.47 0.54 0.49
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.60 0.51 0.87 0.78 0.73 0.69 0.89 0.82 1.47 1.24 1.09 1.05 0.77 0.67 1.11 1.01 0.99 0.88
Cigarettes 0.54 0.48 0.77 0.71 0.70 0.64 0.75 0.71 1.15 1.02 0.99 0.95 0.69 0.61 0.98 0.90 0.93 0.81
Daily Cigarettes 0.32 0.27 0.43 0.41 0.42 0.34 0.31 0.25 0.40 0.36 0.45 0.33 0.44 0.40 0.59 0.58 0.61 0.50
Smokeless Tobacco 0.26 0.24 0.47 0.43 0.15 0.20 0.35 0.38 0.72 0.70 0.10 0.36 0.34 0.30 0.59 0.52 0.23 0.23
Cigars 0.37 0.34 0.61 0.54 0.41 0.39 0.57 0.51 1.06 0.89 0.63 0.47 0.49 0.46 0.76 0.71 0.52 0.53
Pipe Tobacco 0.20 0.18 0.32 0.29 0.23 0.18 0.30 0.26 0.40 0.45 0.40 0.28 0.27 0.23 0.44 0.38 0.29 0.23
ALCOHOL 0.80 0.72 1.03 0.96 1.07 0.98 1.30 1.19 1.92 1.67 1.61 1.54 0.85 0.76 1.15 1.08 1.21 1.10
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.72 0.64 0.95 0.84 0.95 0.88 1.26 1.12 1.92 1.57 1.60 1.47 0.76 0.67 1.02 0.91 1.07 0.98
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.42 0.42 0.59 0.55 0.55 0.50 0.79 0.76 1.22 1.06 1.03 0.86 0.46 0.41 0.66 0.59 0.60 0.54
SUBSTANCE USE                                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.77 0.66 0.97 0.89 1.02 0.93 1.28 1.15 1.84 1.59 1.58 1.53 0.86 0.75 1.13 1.08 1.19 1.10
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.79 0.69 0.99 0.91 1.06 0.96 1.30 1.18 1.90 1.66 1.60 1.53 0.87 0.76 1.13 1.07 1.20 1.11
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.77 0.68 1.00 0.91 1.03 0.96 1.29 1.16 1.89 1.60 1.57 1.56 0.87 0.77 1.17 1.11 1.20 1.10
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The All Persons Aged 18-22 column includes those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
4 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.22P – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance All Persons Aged 18-221 Full-Time College Students Aged 18-22 Other Persons Aged 18-222
Total Gender Total Gender Total Gender
Male Female Male Female Male Female
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.7126   0.3598   0.6536   0.6599   0.7244   0.3378   0.2277   0.2542   0.6439  
Marijuana 0.9892   0.7234   0.7118   0.6684   0.8145   0.4200   0.5124   0.6562   0.6556  
Cocaine 0.0306   0.0497   0.2862   0.3352   0.3717   0.6560   0.0630   0.0986   0.3379  
Crack 0.5000   0.5781   0.6990   0.2313   *   *   0.1859   0.4752   0.2103  
Heroin 0.5625   0.6637   0.7011   0.7519   *   0.7459   0.4973   0.6806   0.5757  
Hallucinogens 0.2993   0.2301   0.8021   0.6062   0.3590   0.8233   0.2697   0.3720   0.4952  
LSD 0.0416   0.0544   0.3993   0.0454   0.0678   0.3112   0.1922   0.2260   0.5726  
PCP *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
Ecstasy 0.7823   0.3274   0.6077   0.9068   0.5467   0.4530   0.4506   0.3450   0.8662  
Inhalants 0.1712   0.4349   0.2244   0.8721   0.9230   0.8703   0.0661   0.2518   0.1583  
Methamphetamine 0.1957   0.1971   0.7524   0.7899   0.9198   0.7089   0.2359   0.2247   0.8170  
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.0012   0.0032   0.1534   0.0427   0.1530   0.1696   0.0057   0.0054   0.4198  
Pain Relievers 0.0081   0.0660   0.0436   0.1155   0.6534   0.0376   0.0229   0.0578   0.2048  
Stimulants 0.0130   0.0414   0.1437   0.1296   0.2387   0.3312   0.0278   0.0678   0.3058  
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.0942   0.0808   0.6439   0.1910   0.1535   0.7713   0.2475   0.2382   0.7211  
Tranquilizers 0.0963   0.0765   0.6426   0.1968   0.2648   0.5337   0.2372   0.1562   0.8796  
Sedatives 0.4710   0.4415   0.8895   0.7802   *   *   0.4816   0.9589   0.2898  
Benzodiazepines --   --   --   --   --   --   --   --   --  
Opioids 0.0114   0.0788   0.0541   0.1317   0.6534   0.0536   0.0304   0.0763   0.2142  
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana3 0.0007   0.0006   0.2742   0.0980   0.1180   0.4775   0.0009   0.0009   0.2992  
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.0004   0.0047   0.0221   0.1368   0.1613   0.4799   0.0006   0.0139   0.0112  
Cigarettes 0.0000   0.0047   0.0011   0.0849   0.3109   0.1548   0.0001   0.0055   0.0017  
Daily Cigarettes 0.0027   0.3196   0.0002   0.2380   0.8000   0.1848   0.0036   0.3072   0.0006  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.6276   0.1985   0.0504   0.2189   0.7854   0.0002   0.1804   0.1809   0.9669  
Cigars 0.2421   0.1752   0.9681   0.0833   0.2509   0.1183   0.6252   0.2841   0.3679  
Pipe Tobacco 0.6880   0.4389   0.6651   0.5044   0.1121   0.4596   0.8266   0.9525   0.7558  
ALCOHOL 0.2004   0.0703   0.9550   0.2521   0.8404   0.0567   0.0026   0.0098   0.0813  
Binge Alcohol Use4 0.0343   0.0522   0.2620   0.1525   0.4874   0.1773   0.0000   0.0004   0.0035  
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.1596   0.1382   0.5389   0.7755   0.7550   0.9328   0.0115   0.0197   0.2248  
SUBSTANCE USE                                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.1228   0.0292   0.9192   0.2818   0.7164   0.0557   0.0015   0.0068   0.0561  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.3973   0.0693   0.5699   0.1930   0.6735   0.0206   0.0101   0.0162   0.1957  
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.0306   0.0102   0.5405   0.5529   0.5414   0.1385   0.0003   0.0034   0.0237  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The All Persons Aged 18-22 column includes those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
4 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
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Table 6.23C – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 80 83 46 57 62 59
AGE            
18 28 31 16 19 23 25
19 34 34 19 25 28 24
20 38 35 20 20 32 28
21 36 36 24 23 26 26
22 33 33 17 22 29 26
GENDER            
Male 66 62 38 39 51 48
Female 41 51 22 35 36 35
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 68 74 40 50 54 53
White 59 65 35 41 47 46
Black or African American 27 27 16 12 22 23
AIAN 4 * * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 14 19 8 15 12 10
Two or More Races 15 11 * * 12 7
Hispanic or Latino 39 32 20 21 34 22
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 41 39 18 19 37 34
Part-Time 42 46 27 33 33 30
Unemployed 31 36 12 * 28 27
Other3 38 39 28 29 26 25
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.23D – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.33 0.34 0.53 0.62 0.44 0.41
AGE            
18 0.61 0.61 1.04 1.10 0.74 0.76
19 0.73 0.74 0.97 1.14 1.06 1.02
20 0.85 0.81 1.11 1.22 1.22 1.09
21 0.79 0.77 1.35 1.30 1.01 0.95
22 0.74 0.74 1.46 1.78 0.91 0.82
GENDER            
Male 0.54 0.51 0.94 0.92 0.67 0.63
Female 0.39 0.45 0.51 0.78 0.56 0.54
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.37 0.40 0.58 0.69 0.50 0.49
White 0.47 0.51 0.74 0.81 0.62 0.62
Black or African American 0.84 0.84 1.61 1.39 1.03 1.04
AIAN 3.00 * * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 1.05 1.30 1.01 1.92 2.16 1.70
Two or More Races 2.40 2.11 * * 2.84 2.03
Hispanic or Latino 0.80 0.62 1.34 1.25 0.99 0.66
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.57 0.52 1.26 1.21 0.66 0.59
Part-Time 0.63 0.65 0.79 0.90 1.00 0.89
Unemployed 1.11 1.50 2.08 * 1.38 1.50
Other3 0.62 0.64 1.03 1.01 0.85 0.86
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.23P – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.8375   0.1497   0.3858  
AGE            
18 0.2978   0.4598   0.4282  
19 0.8020   0.5492   0.4340  
20 0.5459   0.6894   0.2993  
21 0.6039   0.5934   0.8073  
22 0.9902   0.2537   0.3430  
GENDER            
Male 0.2816   0.3821   0.5040  
Female 0.0776   0.0010   0.6492  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3234   0.2473   0.7427  
White 0.3348   0.1979   0.8215  
Black or African American 0.8825   0.0968   0.3766  
AIAN *   *   *  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian 0.5046   0.1250   0.3171  
Two or More Races 0.7003   *   0.6896  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1941   0.3136   0.0210  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.4596   0.3902   0.2074  
Part-Time 0.8877   0.5903   0.3843  
Unemployed 0.2972   *   0.6735  
Other3 0.4734   0.6190   0.5799  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.24C – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 92 92 60 65 68 58
AGE            
18 33 38 17 32 27 20
19 37 35 28 28 24 21
20 37 35 23 23 28 27
21 42 44 31 32 28 27
22 44 39 19 22 38 32
GENDER            
Male 70 64 44 44 53 44
Female 53 63 35 45 41 39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 76 80 50 59 55 52
White 70 72 45 53 51 45
Black or African American 23 23 13 12 19 17
AIAN 3 4 * * 3 4
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 15 24 12 20 9 12
Two or More Races 15 12 * 8 11 10
Hispanic or Latino 46 38 28 25 37 26
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 51 45 22 24 46 40
Part-Time 46 51 31 40 32 27
Unemployed 28 24 18 14 22 20
Other3 44 41 35 36 26 20
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.24D – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.37 0.38 0.64 0.69 0.47 0.41
AGE            
18 0.69 0.74 1.08 1.79 0.87 0.61
19 0.77 0.76 1.31 1.26 0.93 0.91
20 0.85 0.80 1.25 1.36 1.13 1.04
21 0.87 0.90 1.57 1.64 1.05 0.98
22 0.97 0.86 1.61 1.77 1.16 0.98
GENDER            
Male 0.57 0.54 1.06 1.03 0.70 0.59
Female 0.47 0.55 0.74 0.96 0.63 0.58
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.41 0.43 0.67 0.79 0.52 0.49
White 0.56 0.55 0.90 0.99 0.68 0.61
Black or African American 0.74 0.75 1.24 1.39 0.92 0.84
AIAN 2.53 2.98 * * 2.91 3.28
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 1.15 1.75 1.49 2.56 1.84 2.08
Two or More Races 2.26 2.37 * 4.71 2.57 2.74
Hispanic or Latino 0.90 0.70 1.74 1.42 1.10 0.75
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.69 0.60 1.47 1.55 0.80 0.66
Part-Time 0.65 0.70 0.86 1.06 0.97 0.80
Unemployed 1.13 1.04 2.97 2.56 1.13 1.14
Other3 0.67 0.65 1.19 1.20 0.82 0.69
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.24P – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.7326   0.0695   0.0291  
AGE            
18 0.5807   0.2616   0.0431  
19 0.9375   0.9884   0.8017  
20 0.9003   0.6257   0.8690  
21 0.2734   0.1245   0.9586  
22 0.2035   0.2984   0.0278  
GENDER            
Male 0.1586   0.7380   0.0245  
Female 0.2582   0.0185   0.4635  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5458   0.0211   0.1578  
White 0.6990   0.1022   0.2032  
Black or African American 0.5842   0.8835   0.5164  
AIAN 0.5484   *   0.5930  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian 0.1083   0.0940   0.6550  
Two or More Races 0.9384   *   0.6161  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0788   0.5866   0.0621  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.1108   0.6514   0.0353  
Part-Time 0.2813   0.0236   0.3068  
Unemployed 0.5757   0.3737   0.9288  
Other3 0.9309   0.3807   0.2846  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.25C – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 118 115 72 83 86 76
AGE            
18 42 46 22 35 34 31
19 48 43 33 34 35 28
20 50 45 28 28 39 35
21 50 53 33 38 37 33
22 50 48 23 31 43 39
GENDER            
Male 89 84 53 55 68 61
Female 65 73 41 54 51 48
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 97 102 60 74 71 69
White 85 91 53 66 64 59
Black or African American 35 34 21 18 28 26
AIAN 4 * * * 4 *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 20 27 14 22 15 15
Two or More Races 18 14 11 10 15 11
Hispanic or Latino 55 45 30 29 46 32
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 61 53 25 28 55 47
Part-Time 59 62 40 49 42 36
Unemployed 40 40 21 24 33 31
Other3 52 55 40 46 33 30
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.25D – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.44 0.44 0.72 0.80 0.58 0.51
AGE            
18 0.86 0.86 1.39 1.89 1.08 0.91
19 0.91 0.92 1.47 1.46 1.26 1.21
20 1.07 1.00 1.45 1.62 1.45 1.31
21 1.04 1.03 1.69 1.86 1.36 1.16
22 1.07 1.02 1.91 2.37 1.28 1.18
GENDER            
Male 0.69 0.66 1.23 1.21 0.86 0.79
Female 0.55 0.61 0.85 1.03 0.76 0.71
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.48 0.52 0.76 0.91 0.63 0.62
White 0.63 0.67 0.99 1.13 0.81 0.77
Black or African American 1.02 1.04 1.90 1.92 1.25 1.18
AIAN 3.19 * * * 3.57 *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 1.48 1.89 1.70 2.74 2.71 2.39
Two or More Races 2.66 2.66 4.94 5.44 3.32 2.98
Hispanic or Latino 1.06 0.82 1.90 1.63 1.34 0.89
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.79 0.70 1.70 1.73 0.92 0.77
Part-Time 0.82 0.82 1.07 1.18 1.20 1.05
Unemployed 1.42 1.64 3.30 4.39 1.59 1.68
Other3 0.80 0.83 1.36 1.44 1.05 0.98
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190409
Table 6.25P – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.6214   0.0236   0.0136  
AGE            
18 0.7850   0.2979   0.6153  
19 0.4414   0.9640   0.2524  
20 0.5636   0.4803   0.2298  
21 0.3893   0.0476   0.5693  
22 0.4599   0.1464   0.0601  
GENDER            
Male 0.0659   0.7368   0.0468  
Female 0.1438   0.0002   0.1928  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4237   0.0135   0.3071  
White 0.4442   0.0261   0.3270  
Black or African American 0.6989   0.2631   0.7148  
AIAN *   *   *  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian 0.2846   0.1119   0.7233  
Two or More Races 0.8977   0.2301   0.3562  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0178   0.8268   0.0028  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.0351   0.4781   0.0064  
Part-Time 0.6570   0.0403   0.1182  
Unemployed 0.7544   0.9285   0.7494  
Other3 0.5097   0.2567   0.7645  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.26C – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 456 475 289 322 307 332 132 128 524 539
AGE GROUP                    
16-25 122 116 149 147 156 150 52 43 181 173
16-20 53 53 90 87 91 88 28 24 98 94
21-25 106 99 112 104 119 107 45 35 143 134
26 or Older 404 424 239 270 257 278 124 117 445 466
GENDER                    
Male 363 374 241 260 258 269 120 109 412 428
Female 265 258 153 162 158 169 55 67 297 290
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 440 445 272 288 289 296 121 115 500 502
White 411 424 242 249 260 257 115 102 461 469
Black or African American 117 103 101 109 103 112 38 39 148 136
AIAN 19 16 15 16 20 17 15 10 30 22
NHOPI 22 19 8 14 9 14 5 9 24 23
Asian 63 60 35 67 40 70 22 27 71 88
Two or More Races 49 42 40 47 40 47 14 12 58 62
Hispanic or Latino 149 155 106 115 113 118 55 47 169 172
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.26D – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.05 0.05 0.19 0.19
AGE GROUP                    
16-25 0.26 0.25 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.31 0.12 0.10 0.35 0.34
16-20 0.24 0.24 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.13 0.11 0.41 0.40
21-25 0.41 0.42 0.45 0.43 0.47 0.45 0.20 0.16 0.53 0.52
26 or Older 0.19 0.20 0.11 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.06 0.06 0.21 0.22
GENDER                    
Male 0.27 0.28 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.10 0.09 0.30 0.32
Female 0.19 0.18 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.04 0.05 0.22 0.21
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.19 0.19 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.06 0.05 0.21 0.21
White 0.23 0.24 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.07 0.06 0.25 0.26
Black or African American 0.38 0.33 0.32 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.13 0.13 0.47 0.42
AIAN 1.26 1.01 1.08 1.05 1.30 1.16 1.02 0.64 1.91 1.50
NHOPI 2.16 2.00 0.83 1.50 0.91 1.54 0.46 0.95 2.34 2.44
Asian 0.44 0.40 0.24 0.45 0.28 0.48 0.15 0.18 0.50 0.58
Two or More Races 1.05 0.92 0.83 1.03 0.86 1.05 0.31 0.27 1.22 1.36
Hispanic or Latino 0.34 0.35 0.25 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.13 0.11 0.40 0.40
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.26P – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0883   0.8833   0.5723   0.2273   0.0824  
AGE GROUP                    
16-25 0.0126   0.1387   0.0721   0.0036   0.0274  
16-20 0.9348   0.5966   0.5756   0.2370   0.5805  
21-25 0.0038   0.1388   0.0592   0.0113   0.0243  
26 or Older 0.2614   0.5103   0.7592   0.9174   0.2722  
GENDER                    
Male 0.2332   0.7874   0.4415   0.0481   0.2341  
Female 0.1846   0.8997   0.9030   0.2422   0.1535  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2303   0.9118   0.6638   0.3019   0.1758  
White 0.4312   0.5888   0.3654   0.3777   0.2949  
Black or African American 0.3258   0.9108   0.6830   0.7884   0.2678  
AIAN 0.3740   0.4101   0.2281   0.1974   0.3293  
NHOPI 0.5078   0.3978   0.4436   0.5537   0.4726  
Asian 0.6559   0.1879   0.2499   0.6639   0.9941  
Two or More Races 0.4398   0.4858   0.6549   0.3609   0.9817  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1015   0.9317   0.6804   0.5084   0.1854  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.27C – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 456 475 289 322 307 332 132 128 524 539
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 181 199 120 133 124 135 45 46 204 219
Midwest 231 219 116 135 125 140 56 62 251 244
South 269 277 177 175 195 183 88 75 316 310
West 239 249 173 190 183 201 76 74 284 305
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 379 397 237 243 248 252 100 91 435 445
Small Metro 247 245 149 186 156 192 68 83 278 290
Nonmetro 136 155 96 96 107 109 51 45 178 183
Urbanized 95 117 65 76 70 88 28 36 125 131
Less Urbanized 105 116 69 52 79 56 39 25 132 132
Completely Rural 41 45 26 25 27 33 13 12 51 63
POVERTY LEVEL3                    
Less Than 100% 91 93 114 101 120 102 59 50 143 127
100-199% 130 153 128 131 137 134 55 53 180 184
200% or More 428 426 228 254 242 264 100 102 475 469
HEALTH INSURANCE4                    
Private 413 404 231 242 240 249 86 91 461 452
Medicaid/CHIP 106 112 121 119 132 124 65 56 159 154
Other5 203 194 101 111 106 115 44 37 218 215
No Coverage 110 116 101 107 113 116 74 60 146 148
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.27D – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.05 0.05 0.19 0.19
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.39 0.44 0.26 0.30 0.27 0.31 0.10 0.10 0.43 0.48
Midwest 0.39 0.37 0.21 0.24 0.23 0.25 0.10 0.11 0.42 0.40
South 0.27 0.26 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.18 0.09 0.08 0.31 0.29
West 0.35 0.37 0.27 0.30 0.28 0.31 0.13 0.12 0.40 0.44
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.24 0.25 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.07 0.06 0.27 0.28
Small Metro 0.29 0.29 0.19 0.23 0.20 0.24 0.09 0.11 0.32 0.34
Nonmetro 0.34 0.37 0.23 0.23 0.26 0.27 0.14 0.12 0.41 0.40
Urbanized 0.51 0.61 0.36 0.42 0.39 0.49 0.17 0.21 0.63 0.64
Less Urbanized 0.54 0.60 0.35 0.28 0.41 0.30 0.22 0.14 0.65 0.66
Completely Rural 1.07 1.07 0.66 0.65 0.66 0.85 0.39 0.35 1.19 1.46
POVERTY LEVEL3                    
Less Than 100% 0.25 0.26 0.30 0.27 0.32 0.28 0.17 0.14 0.38 0.34
100-199% 0.25 0.29 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.26 0.11 0.10 0.34 0.35
200% or More 0.23 0.23 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.06 0.06 0.25 0.25
HEALTH INSURANCE4                    
Private 0.22 0.21 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.05 0.05 0.24 0.24
Medicaid/CHIP 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.32 0.17 0.14 0.38 0.40
Other5 0.29 0.27 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.06 0.06 0.31 0.31
No Coverage 0.45 0.45 0.42 0.43 0.47 0.46 0.31 0.24 0.60 0.58
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190404
Table 6.27P – Drove Under Influence of Alcohol or Selected Illicit Drugs in Past Year among Persons Aged 16 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Alcohol
(2017)
Alcohol
(2018)
Marijuana
(2017)
Marijuana
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2017)
Selected Illicit
Drugs
Other than
Marijuana2
(2018)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2017)
Alcohol or
Selected Illicit
Drugs1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0883   0.8833   0.5723   0.2273   0.0824  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.9752   0.7557   0.7576   0.9943   0.9432  
Midwest 0.1512   0.2359   0.2816   0.4910   0.6695  
South 0.1219   0.2662   0.1774   0.4133   0.0345  
West 0.8245   0.8500   0.5624   0.5520   0.5626  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.2133   0.8145   0.4148   0.0391   0.1149  
Small Metro 0.0385   0.6676   0.6561   0.3589   0.1312  
Nonmetro 0.2410   0.4783   0.5403   0.4917   0.4062  
Urbanized 0.0559   0.9587   0.9357   0.6256   0.1307  
Less Urbanized 0.8706   0.2134   0.2296   0.1845   0.9248  
Completely Rural 0.1787   0.9184   0.8472   0.4988   0.6119  
POVERTY LEVEL3                    
Less Than 100% 0.4955   0.0966   0.0635   0.5502   0.0621  
100-199% 0.8103   0.9198   0.6272   0.4536   0.5974  
200% or More 0.0728   0.5904   0.7033   0.4639   0.2427  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                    
Private 0.0531   0.4854   0.3569   0.5516   0.0422  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.7877   0.7280   0.3314   0.1433   0.3753  
Other5 0.8402   0.4123   0.4027   0.3545   0.7927  
No Coverage 0.9814   0.8401   0.9175   0.6325   0.9650  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were asked about driving a vehicle while under the influence of specific substances. Respondents with unknown driving under the influence information were excluded.
1 Selected Illicit Drugs include the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Selected Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana include the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.28C – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 508 570 83 91 539 597 51 59 541 606
Marijuana 474 533 75 81 502 559 37 54 505 566
Cocaine 130 123 26 30 129 119 21 16 130 121
Crack 74 72 16 22 72 68 12 15 72 70
Heroin 60 51 24 7 54 49 18 8 57 49
Hallucinogens 89 105 22 21 86 102 16 12 90 105
LSD 49 44 13 8 47 44 7 2 49 45
PCP 18 13 2 * 18 13 * * 17 13
Ecstasy 58 66 18 13 55 64 15 11 58 65
Inhalants 51 58 13 1 49 58 12 1 49 58
Methamphetamine 77 100 40 47 65 88 37 39 68 91
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 214 209 39 39 214 209 27 26 215 211
Pain Relievers 163 157 28 29 162 155 15 21 163 156
Stimulants 108 102 20 19 107 101 16 11 107 102
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 111 124 30 24 110 122 24 17 113 124
Tranquilizers 101 118 29 23 98 116 24 14 101 118
Sedatives 55 43 6 9 54 42 8 9 54 42
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 175 161 35 30 172 159 21 22 174 160
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 269 269 53 68 269 263 44 49 270 267
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 704 729 129 135 784 792 83 90 792 800
Cigarettes 666 672 125 130 722 713 79 89 730 722
Daily Cigarettes 521 533 94 105 549 542 68 79 551 550
Smokeless Tobacco 246 243 41 51 245 240 32 28 243 244
Cigars 302 315 46 60 306 308 32 40 306 312
Pipe Tobacco 141 122 22 23 140 121 15 13 141 122
ALCOHOL 901 979 117 114 1,452 1,552 69 83 1,452 1,550
Binge Alcohol Use3 724 696 103 105 864 843 55 75 869 842
Heavy Alcohol Use 364 391 68 53 385 415 33 28 384 418
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 845 914 150 149 1,546 1,629 89 103 1,550 1,630
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 883 970 125 124 1,478 1,573 76 87 1,476 1,571
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 855 909 150 146 1,525 1,613 88 102 1,531 1,614
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.28D – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.21 0.23 1.93 2.14 0.21 0.23 3.26 3.27 0.21 0.23
Marijuana 0.19 0.21 1.76 1.95 0.19 0.21 2.59 3.07 0.19 0.21
Cocaine 0.05 0.05 0.70 0.78 0.05 0.05 1.61 1.07 0.05 0.05
Crack 0.03 0.03 0.43 0.59 0.03 0.03 0.95 0.96 0.03 0.03
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.64 0.19 0.02 0.02 1.35 0.50 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.04 0.04 0.59 0.55 0.04 0.04 1.21 0.81 0.04 0.04
LSD 0.02 0.02 0.36 0.23 0.02 0.02 0.54 0.10 0.02 0.02
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.06 * 0.01 0.01 * * 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.02 0.03 0.47 0.33 0.02 0.03 1.13 0.72 0.02 0.03
Inhalants 0.02 0.02 0.35 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.94 0.09 0.02 0.02
Methamphetamine 0.03 0.04 1.04 1.22 0.03 0.04 2.63 2.45 0.03 0.04
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.09 0.08 1.04 1.01 0.09 0.08 2.00 1.69 0.09 0.08
Pain Relievers 0.07 0.06 0.74 0.77 0.07 0.06 1.18 1.33 0.07 0.06
Stimulants 0.04 0.04 0.54 0.49 0.04 0.04 1.19 0.71 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.04 0.05 0.78 0.65 0.05 0.05 1.78 1.08 0.05 0.05
Tranquilizers 0.04 0.05 0.78 0.61 0.04 0.05 1.78 0.89 0.04 0.05
Sedatives 0.02 0.02 0.17 0.23 0.02 0.02 0.62 0.61 0.02 0.02
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 0.07 0.06 0.92 0.78 0.07 0.07 1.58 1.40 0.07 0.06
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 0.11 0.11 1.38 1.69 0.11 0.11 3.00 2.92 0.11 0.11
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.28 0.29 2.14 2.45 0.28 0.29 3.13 3.79 0.28 0.29
Cigarettes 0.27 0.27 2.16 2.43 0.27 0.27 3.42 3.82 0.27 0.27
Daily Cigarettes 0.21 0.21 2.02 2.25 0.21 0.21 3.79 3.85 0.21 0.21
Smokeless Tobacco 0.10 0.10 1.07 1.32 0.10 0.10 2.35 1.82 0.10 0.10
Cigars 0.12 0.13 1.17 1.49 0.12 0.12 2.25 2.44 0.12 0.12
Pipe Tobacco 0.06 0.05 0.59 0.60 0.06 0.05 1.15 0.88 0.06 0.05
ALCOHOL 0.36 0.39 2.24 2.26 0.37 0.40 3.73 3.72 0.37 0.39
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.29 0.28 2.13 2.20 0.29 0.29 3.49 3.69 0.30 0.28
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.15 0.16 1.64 1.34 0.15 0.16 2.39 1.74 0.15 0.16
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.34 0.37 1.72 2.33 0.35 0.37 2.81 3.69 0.34 0.37
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.36 0.39 2.22 2.38 0.36 0.39 3.52 3.81 0.36 0.39
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.35 0.37 1.77 2.22 0.35 0.37 2.86 3.68 0.35 0.37
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.28P – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.0970   0.5262   0.1264   0.5591   0.1036  
Marijuana 0.0341   0.3353   0.0457   0.8986   0.0367  
Cocaine 0.2201   0.5085   0.1962   0.2748   0.2258  
Crack 0.7237   0.5272   0.5971   0.6896   0.6426  
Heroin 0.0533   0.0024   0.2530   0.0600   0.0883  
Hallucinogens 0.1543   0.3591   0.0806   0.4506   0.1234  
LSD 0.3527   0.0872   0.6017   0.1359   0.4420  
PCP 0.9418   *   0.9786   *   0.8740  
Ecstasy 0.3256   0.1499   0.1612   0.3959   0.2536  
Inhalants 0.7647   0.0880   0.5614   0.1903   0.6184  
Methamphetamine 0.0862   0.4620   0.0178   0.1565   0.0174  
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.0812   0.5156   0.0791   0.5969   0.0641  
Pain Relievers 0.1260   0.7818   0.1199   0.8303   0.0974  
Stimulants 0.1991   0.5184   0.1944   0.2271   0.2024  
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.4875   0.1087   0.7253   0.0669   0.6449  
Tranquilizers 0.7178   0.0597   0.9446   0.0194   0.9889  
Sedatives 0.1456   0.6731   0.1271   0.9371   0.1370  
Benzodiazepines --   --   --   --   --  
Opioids 0.0456   0.1389   0.0667   0.6404   0.0361  
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 0.3689   0.8500   0.2992   0.2236   0.3466  
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.0092   0.6551   0.0075   0.0949   0.0084  
Cigarettes 0.0364   0.5376   0.0328   0.4871   0.0287  
Daily Cigarettes 0.3740   0.4957   0.4296   0.9712   0.3163  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0685   0.8557   0.0635   0.6437   0.0789  
Cigars 0.4343   0.0757   0.2197   0.6854   0.3186  
Pipe Tobacco 0.2343   0.4896   0.1455   0.9544   0.1820  
ALCOHOL 0.2242   0.4123   0.1757   0.6967   0.2201  
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.9028   0.9529   0.9560   0.5482   0.9847  
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.6645   0.0623   0.8989   0.1589   0.7419  
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.2703   0.9928   0.2325   0.5329   0.2420  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.3376   0.6791   0.2910   0.1340   0.3598  
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.1869   0.7109   0.1640   0.4765   0.1639  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.29C – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 363 375 73 77 404 425 45 44 410 436
Marijuana 344 357 68 68 380 399 36 39 386 407
Cocaine 99 108 24 23 100 104 21 12 101 106
Crack 41 36 15 11 38 34 12 10 38 34
Heroin 49 43 23 7 42 42 18 8 45 41
Hallucinogens 85 96 22 21 82 93 16 12 87 96
LSD 45 45 13 8 42 44 7 2 44 45
PCP 18 13 2 * 18 13 * * 17 13
Ecstasy 58 66 18 13 55 64 15 11 58 65
Inhalants 47 49 13 1 45 49 12 1 45 49
Methamphetamine 54 66 32 20 44 62 30 12 46 64
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 156 154 37 38 158 151 27 25 160 155
Pain Relievers 107 104 27 29 106 100 15 20 108 102
Stimulants 100 95 20 19 100 94 16 11 100 96
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 83 84 28 23 81 79 24 15 83 81
Tranquilizers 78 82 28 23 75 77 24 14 78 79
Sedatives 33 26 6 5 33 25 8 6 32 25
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 116 108 33 30 113 104 21 21 116 106
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 198 209 46 48 206 207 38 28 207 214
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 459 458 103 105 539 526 67 66 549 535
Cigarettes 426 422 97 101 483 473 63 63 493 481
Daily Cigarettes 317 337 78 80 329 340 57 52 331 344
Smokeless Tobacco 173 178 39 36 175 174 24 26 176 178
Cigars 225 221 42 51 223 217 29 35 226 221
Pipe Tobacco 94 87 15 22 93 85 8 13 93 87
ALCOHOL 509 507 97 90 919 940 59 57 927 947
Binge Alcohol Use3 492 438 85 79 641 596 50 50 653 602
Heavy Alcohol Use 245 247 56 46 262 263 31 27 266 267
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 456 471 122 119 986 1,007 74 79 997 1,015
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 497 498 106 101 945 968 67 62 950 978
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 465 475 121 116 973 992 74 77 984 1,001
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.29D – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.27 0.28 1.95 1.98 0.27 0.28 3.44 2.97 0.27 0.28
Marijuana 0.26 0.26 1.85 1.86 0.26 0.26 2.98 2.79 0.26 0.27
Cocaine 0.07 0.08 0.77 0.75 0.07 0.08 1.91 1.04 0.07 0.08
Crack 0.03 0.03 0.47 0.37 0.03 0.03 1.16 0.89 0.03 0.03
Heroin 0.04 0.03 0.72 0.24 0.03 0.03 1.63 0.66 0.03 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.06 0.07 0.71 0.68 0.06 0.07 1.48 1.03 0.06 0.07
LSD 0.03 0.03 0.43 0.28 0.03 0.03 0.66 0.13 0.03 0.03
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.07 * 0.01 0.01 * * 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.04 0.05 0.56 0.42 0.04 0.05 1.38 0.94 0.04 0.05
Inhalants 0.03 0.04 0.42 0.05 0.03 0.04 1.15 0.12 0.03 0.04
Methamphetamine 0.04 0.05 1.01 0.66 0.03 0.05 2.60 1.04 0.03 0.05
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.12 0.11 1.16 1.19 0.12 0.11 2.36 2.06 0.12 0.11
Pain Relievers 0.08 0.08 0.85 0.94 0.08 0.08 1.42 1.69 0.08 0.08
Stimulants 0.07 0.07 0.63 0.61 0.08 0.07 1.44 0.92 0.07 0.07
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.06 0.06 0.89 0.76 0.06 0.06 2.11 1.26 0.06 0.06
Tranquilizers 0.06 0.06 0.88 0.75 0.06 0.06 2.11 1.15 0.06 0.06
Sedatives 0.02 0.02 0.20 0.15 0.02 0.02 0.76 0.51 0.02 0.02
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 0.09 0.08 1.03 0.95 0.08 0.08 1.89 1.79 0.09 0.08
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 0.15 0.15 1.42 1.47 0.15 0.15 3.09 2.26 0.15 0.15
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.34 0.34 2.04 2.09 0.34 0.34 3.03 3.07 0.34 0.34
Cigarettes 0.32 0.31 2.08 2.12 0.32 0.31 3.40 3.18 0.32 0.31
Daily Cigarettes 0.24 0.25 2.01 2.01 0.24 0.25 3.83 3.24 0.23 0.25
Smokeless Tobacco 0.13 0.13 1.18 1.15 0.13 0.13 2.18 2.08 0.13 0.13
Cigars 0.17 0.16 1.26 1.54 0.17 0.16 2.50 2.66 0.17 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.06 0.48 0.73 0.07 0.06 0.77 1.14 0.07 0.06
ALCOHOL 0.38 0.38 2.17 2.16 0.38 0.38 3.66 3.43 0.38 0.38
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.37 0.32 2.07 2.12 0.36 0.33 3.65 3.32 0.37 0.33
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.18 0.18 1.61 1.44 0.18 0.19 2.63 2.12 0.18 0.18
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.34 0.35 1.71 1.51 0.34 0.35 2.48 2.47 0.34 0.35
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.37 0.37 2.13 1.97 0.37 0.37 3.29 3.40 0.37 0.37
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.35 0.35 1.77 1.59 0.35 0.36 2.57 2.53 0.35 0.35
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
191205
Table 6.29P – Types of Illicit Drug, Tobacco Product, and Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance
Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.0062   0.2321   0.0095   0.7097   0.0061  
Marijuana 0.0022   0.1759   0.0033   0.8483   0.0022  
Cocaine 0.3612   0.2411   0.4495   0.1866   0.4056  
Crack 0.5016   0.7523   0.5804   0.9692   0.4859  
Heroin 0.1675   0.0055   0.5932   0.0693   0.2893  
Hallucinogens 0.2759   0.4205   0.1512   0.4493   0.2113  
LSD 0.6767   0.0984   0.9685   0.1392   0.8125  
PCP 0.9376   *   0.9822   *   0.8771  
Ecstasy 0.3132   0.1686   0.1534   0.4380   0.2409  
Inhalants 0.6630   0.0884   0.9012   0.1915   0.8304  
Methamphetamine 0.1083   0.0499   0.0042   0.0167   0.0079  
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics 0.0604   0.8250   0.0518   0.6664   0.0489  
Pain Relievers 0.1739   0.9924   0.1464   0.7298   0.1224  
Stimulants 0.1921   0.6723   0.2051   0.2626   0.2258  
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.1490   0.1483   0.2950   0.0705   0.2688  
Tranquilizers 0.2422   0.1328   0.4652   0.0327   0.4572  
Sedatives 0.1774   0.7497   0.1921   0.5132   0.2137  
Benzodiazepines --   --   --   --   --  
Opioids 0.1047   0.3001   0.1397   0.7435   0.0788  
Illicit Drugs Other than Marijuana2 0.3674   0.4481   0.4122   0.0735   0.4173  
TOBACCO PRODUCTS 0.0098   0.9861   0.0064   0.1490   0.0077  
Cigarettes 0.0371   0.9319   0.0265   0.6666   0.0251  
Daily Cigarettes 0.3129   0.6502   0.3278   0.9011   0.2427  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0965   0.7388   0.0899   0.9328   0.0804  
Cigars 0.5505   0.0979   0.3165   0.5362   0.4166  
Pipe Tobacco 0.3028   0.0850   0.6007   0.1400   0.4931  
ALCOHOL 0.1993   0.1080   0.1268   0.5710   0.2255  
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.7545   0.6632   0.7196   0.9411   0.7564  
Heavy Alcohol Use 0.6516   0.1683   0.9101   0.3044   0.7618  
SUBSTANCE USE                    
Illicit Drugs, Tobacco Products, or Alcohol 0.0852   0.1136   0.0424   0.9688   0.0650  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 0.4471   0.1825   0.3400   0.0573   0.5456  
Tobacco Products or Alcohol 0.0220   0.3398   0.0111   0.7678   0.0166  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs
3 Estimates of binge alcohol use include use by those who were heavy alcohol users.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.30C – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 508 570 83 91 539 597 51 59 541 606
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 363 375 73 77 404 425 45 44 410 436
18-25 160 163 37 35 214 217 22 19 218 219
26-34 203 207 49 49 221 240 25 22 227 245
35-49 218 223 41 50 230 225 * 33 235 229
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 386 416 74 82 397 436 45 55 401 446
Male 18-49 269 284 64 67 292 318 39 38 297 328
Female 18 or Older 295 323 36 44 305 335 * 22 306 338
Female 18-49 207 219 35 40 225 236 * 22 228 240
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.30D – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.21 0.23 1.93 2.14 0.21 0.23 3.26 3.27 0.21 0.23
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.27 0.28 1.95 1.98 0.27 0.28 3.44 2.97 0.27 0.28
18-25 0.47 0.48 2.92 2.91 0.48 0.49 5.74 5.55 0.47 0.48
26-34 0.51 0.52 3.65 3.74 0.51 0.52 5.84 5.28 0.51 0.52
35-49 0.36 0.37 3.30 3.71 0.36 0.37 * 4.87 0.36 0.37
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.32 0.35 2.40 2.70 0.32 0.35 3.84 4.04 0.32 0.35
Male 18-49 0.40 0.42 2.46 2.56 0.41 0.43 4.12 3.55 0.40 0.43
Female 18 or Older 0.23 0.25 2.92 3.62 0.23 0.25 * 5.31 0.23 0.25
Female 18-49 0.31 0.32 2.97 3.25 0.30 0.32 * 5.62 0.31 0.32
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.30P – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.0970   0.5262   0.1264   0.5591   0.1036  
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.0062   0.2321   0.0095   0.7097   0.0061  
18-25 0.6344   0.5949   0.6780   0.8883   0.5936  
26-34 0.0401   0.4585   0.0437   0.2900   0.0294  
35-49 0.0024   0.1167   0.0048   *   0.0036  
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.6737   0.6600   0.6685   0.3899   0.6508  
Male 18-49 0.3320   0.8719   0.3287   0.1891   0.2925  
Female 18 or Older 0.0214   0.0456   0.0396   *   0.0280  
Female 18-49 0.0007   0.0086   0.0016   *   0.0010  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.31C – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 210 263 70 74 196 253 52 57 200 258
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 166 199 59 60 157 196 42 36 163 201
18-25 92 92 29 26 98 100 17 12 101 103
26-34 94 118 36 34 92 116 * 17 95 120
35-49 96 107 37 40 90 99 25 28 95 104
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 172 211 63 63 160 201 47 53 164 204
Male 18-49 136 157 50 50 128 157 35 29 133 160
Female 18 or Older 112 139 31 40 109 134 * 21 109 139
Female 18-49 92 108 31 35 91 103 * * 91 108
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.31D – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.08 0.11 1.67 1.79 0.08 0.10 3.33 3.18 0.08 0.10
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.12 0.15 1.72 1.66 0.12 0.14 3.31 2.71 0.12 0.14
18-25 0.27 0.27 2.65 2.43 0.26 0.27 5.13 4.49 0.27 0.27
26-34 0.24 0.29 3.03 2.99 0.23 0.29 * 4.24 0.23 0.29
35-49 0.16 0.18 3.09 3.24 0.15 0.16 5.13 4.50 0.15 0.17
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.14 0.18 2.18 2.18 0.14 0.17 3.89 3.96 0.14 0.17
Male 18-49 0.20 0.23 2.16 2.08 0.19 0.23 3.85 3.08 0.20 0.23
Female 18 or Older 0.09 0.11 2.57 3.31 0.09 0.10 * 5.15 0.09 0.11
Female 18-49 0.14 0.16 2.79 3.10 0.13 0.15 * * 0.13 0.16
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.31P – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.1055   0.8901   0.0909   0.0618   0.0705  
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.0508   0.6555   0.0263   0.0117   0.0204  
18-25 0.4055   0.4046   0.2587   0.3823   0.3273  
26-34 0.0320   0.7199   0.0158   *   0.0077  
35-49 0.5271   0.8018   0.5835   0.6217   0.6084  
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.4515   0.3304   0.2990   0.1113   0.3317  
Male 18-49 0.3659   0.2266   0.1774   0.0041   0.1752  
Female 18 or Older 0.0507   0.2056   0.1078   *   0.0525  
Female 18-49 0.0241   0.2700   0.0417   *   0.0258  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.32C – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 373 407 94 101 384 421 66 70 390 427
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 270 296 76 81 284 311 51 51 290 315
18-25 123 122 38 33 145 144 24 18 149 148
26-34 160 182 49 47 169 191 * 28 175 194
35-49 164 187 44 51 170 187 * 35 173 191
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 300 330 88 89 305 340 61 65 314 344
Male 18-49 220 226 68 69 223 241 45 44 231 242
Female 18 or Older 202 232 37 49 205 229 * * 207 236
Female 18-49 147 173 37 41 155 175 * * 156 181
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.32D – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.15 0.16 2.02 2.15 0.15 0.16 3.71 3.49 0.15 0.16
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.20 0.22 1.96 2.08 0.19 0.22 3.71 3.29 0.20 0.22
18-25 0.36 0.36 2.96 2.82 0.36 0.36 5.97 5.41 0.36 0.36
26-34 0.41 0.45 3.52 3.73 0.40 0.45 * 5.82 0.40 0.45
35-49 0.27 0.31 3.48 3.82 0.27 0.30 * 5.13 0.27 0.30
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.25 0.27 2.66 2.64 0.25 0.27 4.31 4.25 0.25 0.27
Male 18-49 0.33 0.34 2.58 2.60 0.32 0.34 4.28 3.87 0.33 0.34
Female 18 or Older 0.16 0.18 2.97 3.89 0.16 0.18 * * 0.16 0.18
Female 18-49 0.22 0.25 3.14 3.55 0.22 0.25 * * 0.22 0.25
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190410
Table 6.32P – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1
(2017)
Total1
(2018)
On Probation
(2017)
On Probation
(2018)
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Not on
Probation
(2018)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.3690   0.8055   0.4197   0.1934   0.3760  
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 0.1021   0.7634   0.1020   0.2941   0.0905  
18-25 0.6244   0.1699   0.4154   0.8400   0.5985  
26-34 0.3953   0.7167   0.3780   *   0.3226  
35-49 0.1216   0.2758   0.1970   *   0.1563  
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 0.7305   0.6623   0.7054   0.2290   0.7154  
Male 18-49 0.3898   0.9188   0.3641   0.1185   0.3252  
Female 18 or Older 0.2675   0.2544   0.3651   *   0.2914  
Female 18-49 0.0804   0.4825   0.0904   *   0.0940  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.

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