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Results from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Detailed Tables

200623
Table 8.1C – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 673 644 409 395 500 500
18-25 169 151 109 99 115 115
18-20 123 106 72 63 87 84
21-25 180 155 105 94 124 116
26 or Older 625 615 393 380 469 477
26-49 363 351 231 228 251 253
26-29 188 187 119 122 135 132
30-34 182 198 127 125 126 139
35-39 173 183 105 122 131 137
40-44 166 154 112 100 124 116
45-49 168 152 106 89 121 123
50 or Older 473 480 296 302 375 371
50-54 244 244 154 169 183 171
55-59 226 244 142 157 170 192
60-64 186 222 124 127 152 176
65 or Older 299 310 171 174 255 254
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
200623
Table 8.1D – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.34 0.33 0.39 0.39
18-25 0.49 0.44 0.63 0.58 0.67 0.68
18-20 0.72 0.66 0.94 0.81 1.06 1.06
21-25 0.63 0.57 0.83 0.78 0.84 0.84
26 or Older 0.29 0.29 0.38 0.37 0.42 0.43
26-49 0.36 0.35 0.47 0.46 0.49 0.50
26-29 0.84 0.83 1.18 1.15 1.18 1.25
30-34 0.71 0.74 0.99 0.99 1.02 1.03
35-39 0.74 0.72 0.96 1.02 1.05 1.06
40-44 0.75 0.70 1.04 0.95 1.07 1.04
45-49 0.75 0.69 0.99 0.85 1.05 1.08
50 or Older 0.42 0.42 0.56 0.57 0.63 0.61
50-54 1.05 1.07 1.44 1.58 1.51 1.45
55-59 0.97 1.03 1.29 1.44 1.38 1.50
60-64 0.90 0.98 1.21 1.18 1.40 1.54
65 or Older 0.60 0.60 0.77 0.76 0.93 0.90
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
200623
Table 8.1P – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.4580   0.8401   0.4160  
18-25 0.4775   0.3138   0.9253  
18-20 0.8001   0.5882   0.3729  
21-25 0.4588   0.0911   0.6304  
26 or Older 0.5170   0.9747   0.3781  
26-49 0.5182   0.8328   0.4567  
26-29 0.2433   0.2611   0.4994  
30-34 0.0733   0.9219   0.0112  
35-39 0.4919   0.0409   0.3715  
40-44 0.2361   0.3963   0.4874  
45-49 0.1880   0.0264   0.9750  
50 or Older 0.7031   0.8589   0.5248  
50-54 0.5485   0.9185   0.4188  
55-59 0.8933   0.9208   0.8557  
60-64 0.6521   0.5191   0.2830  
65 or Older 0.3306   0.8329   0.2961  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.2C – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 673 644 169 151 625 615 363 351 473 480
GENDER                    
Male 409 395 109 99 393 380 231 228 296 302
Female 500 500 115 115 469 477 251 253 375 371
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 616 589 139 131 576 570 329 312 441 452
White 601 594 158 144 557 559 330 337 423 426
Black or African American 228 235 68 55 211 223 131 117 161 184
AIAN 32 49 9 9 30 48 21 24 23 *
NHOPI 47 45 * * * * * * * *
Asian 166 176 50 50 155 162 111 118 107 108
Two or More Races 99 105 31 25 93 102 46 44 82 94
Hispanic or Latino 238 245 79 71 220 222 150 153 153 171
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 436 468 117 110 408 447 319 345 253 280
Part-Time 233 235 106 98 208 208 124 133 160 163
Unemployed 140 150 53 53 133 140 96 97 93 102
Other1 448 443 107 84 429 436 172 185 380 390
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.2D – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.49 0.44 0.29 0.29 0.36 0.35 0.42 0.42
GENDER                    
Male 0.34 0.33 0.63 0.58 0.38 0.37 0.47 0.46 0.56 0.57
Female 0.39 0.39 0.67 0.68 0.42 0.43 0.49 0.50 0.63 0.61
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.28 0.52 0.50 0.32 0.31 0.41 0.39 0.44 0.45
White 0.34 0.32 0.60 0.59 0.37 0.35 0.49 0.45 0.49 0.47
Black or African American 0.68 0.69 1.10 0.95 0.77 0.81 0.88 0.78 1.29 1.44
AIAN 2.38 3.17 3.67 3.77 2.68 3.61 3.41 3.35 4.21 *
NHOPI 4.36 4.33 * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.09 1.16 1.82 1.88 1.22 1.33 1.29 1.51 2.32 2.37
Two or More Races 2.10 2.17 2.63 2.65 2.55 2.56 2.57 2.53 4.15 4.01
Hispanic or Latino 0.60 0.60 1.05 0.94 0.68 0.67 0.75 0.75 1.27 1.37
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.32 0.32 0.69 0.62 0.34 0.35 0.41 0.40 0.59 0.63
Part-Time 0.65 0.66 0.92 0.91 0.82 0.81 0.99 1.05 1.21 1.17
Unemployed 1.13 1.29 1.33 1.41 1.54 1.74 1.66 1.69 3.44 4.04
Other1 0.50 0.48 1.01 0.89 0.53 0.52 0.87 0.88 0.61 0.61
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.2P – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.4580   0.4775   0.5170   0.5182   0.7031  
GENDER                    
Male 0.8401   0.3138   0.9747   0.8328   0.8589  
Female 0.4160   0.9253   0.3781   0.4567   0.5248  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9939   0.2748   0.8283   0.9133   0.8687  
White 0.9965   0.1391   0.7601   0.7282   0.5687  
Black or African American 1.0000   0.9553   0.9911   0.1776   0.3808  
AIAN 0.3953   0.9212   0.3508   0.3291   *  
NHOPI 0.7891   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.9005   0.8103   0.8729   0.7614   0.9106  
Two or More Races 0.5479   0.6296   0.5314   0.5154   0.7923  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0467   0.6696   0.0196   0.0719   0.1047  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.1398   0.3756   0.1962   0.5616   0.2221  
Part-Time 0.9352   0.7676   0.8210   0.9201   0.9150  
Unemployed 0.5870   0.2554   0.8784   0.9315   0.8094  
Other1 0.7807   0.5355   0.8875   0.4852   0.6869  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.3C – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 673 644 169 151 625 615 363 351 473 480
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 263 258 57 66 253 240 148 134 214 195
Midwest 264 271 67 68 252 261 150 143 191 220
South 393 388 119 86 358 378 210 220 281 291
West 338 344 92 83 316 327 195 193 236 252
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 613 595 213 153 542 548 338 351 379 412
Small Metro 412 448 113 116 372 412 219 246 273 290
Nonmetro 285 286 56 57 269 269 144 132 200 210
Urbanized 197 213 46 42 183 201 98 98 130 154
Less Urbanized 207 177 46 40 190 159 100 88 145 113
Completely Rural 102 122 12 13 96 117 50 44 62 96
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 310 304 126 99 272 280 156 169 220 210
100-199% 319 324 100 89 302 305 175 174 231 244
200% or More 574 566 131 129 541 540 338 353 387 406
EDUCATION                    
< High School 222 250 54 55 216 247 119 120 177 216
High School Graduate 323 351 91 86 309 333 167 173 253 268
Some College/Associate's Degree 415 385 174 134 355 362 211 239 276 284
College Graduate 411 410 79 80 392 396 275 269 271 275
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 582 574 185 158 530 534 334 343 384 397
Medicaid/CHIP 317 334 84 80 302 318 185 185 226 249
Other3 395 384 55 43 389 378 117 129 377 359
No Coverage 197 207 59 58 185 200 147 155 111 126
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.3D – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.49 0.44 0.29 0.29 0.36 0.35 0.42 0.42
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.60 0.59 0.95 1.12 0.66 0.63 0.85 0.78 1.03 0.94
Midwest 0.51 0.52 0.91 0.94 0.57 0.58 0.74 0.70 0.79 0.90
South 0.42 0.41 0.93 0.67 0.45 0.47 0.55 0.57 0.67 0.68
West 0.58 0.58 1.11 1.01 0.63 0.64 0.79 0.77 0.93 0.98
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.38 0.37 0.75 0.65 0.40 0.40 0.48 0.47 0.59 0.63
Small Metro 0.44 0.45 0.70 0.73 0.49 0.50 0.63 0.65 0.70 0.71
Nonmetro 0.62 0.60 0.99 0.90 0.70 0.67 0.91 0.84 0.95 0.92
Urbanized 0.95 0.95 1.51 1.44 1.09 1.06 1.29 1.26 1.45 1.49
Less Urbanized 0.88 0.79 1.67 1.30 0.97 0.86 1.30 1.18 1.42 1.18
Completely Rural 2.37 2.10 3.38 2.79 2.53 2.34 3.46 3.32 2.80 3.17
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.71 0.72 0.89 0.88 0.90 0.89 0.91 0.98 1.69 1.52
100-199% 0.56 0.59 0.99 0.89 0.65 0.67 0.78 0.78 0.99 1.04
200% or More 0.31 0.29 0.65 0.63 0.33 0.32 0.42 0.41 0.46 0.46
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.69 0.72 1.06 1.04 0.78 0.83 0.97 0.93 1.15 1.30
High School Graduate 0.49 0.51 0.72 0.73 0.57 0.59 0.71 0.71 0.82 0.82
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.46 0.45 0.76 0.75 0.51 0.51 0.61 0.64 0.79 0.79
College Graduate 0.46 0.43 1.28 1.16 0.47 0.45 0.62 0.58 0.69 0.69
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.31 0.29 0.63 0.58 0.33 0.32 0.43 0.41 0.47 0.47
Medicaid/CHIP 0.71 0.76 0.98 0.92 0.87 0.90 0.91 0.95 1.60 1.56
Other3 0.54 0.53 1.68 1.55 0.55 0.54 1.31 1.37 0.60 0.58
No Coverage 0.78 0.77 1.10 1.04 0.90 0.91 0.93 0.95 2.11 2.10
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.3P – Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.4580   0.4775   0.5170   0.5182   0.7031  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.2566   0.0515   0.4663   0.0757   0.7400  
Midwest 0.8782   0.8730   0.8853   0.8371   0.7384  
South 0.8596   0.8997   0.8961   0.4102   0.6383  
West 0.5240   0.9804   0.4883   0.3600   0.8542  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.4708   0.6692   0.4869   0.6667   0.5519  
Small Metro 0.4113   0.5962   0.4461   0.7554   0.5562  
Nonmetro 0.4167   0.6374   0.3659   0.7273   0.3054  
Urbanized 0.9927   0.6950   0.9851   0.2295   0.7081  
Less Urbanized 0.1799   0.7422   0.1223   0.4971   0.2085  
Completely Rural 0.9596   0.8027   0.9310   1.0000   0.9611  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.4916   0.5420   0.5938   0.4978   0.8563  
100-199% 0.6890   0.7653   0.7560   0.9521   0.7064  
200% or More 0.3892   0.3433   0.4767   0.6387   0.5887  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.3523   0.7953   0.3778   0.2546   0.0974  
High School Graduate 0.2870   0.8561   0.2293   0.0429   0.8146  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.2084   0.4086   0.2265   0.1432   0.6522  
College Graduate 0.1834   0.4510   0.1163   0.3027   0.2129  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.7149   0.2183   0.9003   0.9469   0.9352  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.7562   0.7924   0.8130   0.6229   0.9083  
Other3 0.7010   0.0979   0.5688   0.1370   0.8919  
No Coverage 0.4056   0.6639   0.4447   0.3722   0.8551  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
200623
Table 8.4C – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 307 300 188 187 230 233
18-25 90 86 56 51 70 70
18-20 58 52 37 29 45 45
21-25 77 74 46 45 60 58
26 or Older 290 282 180 179 215 215
26-49 187 186 113 124 139 141
26-29 89 100 47 72 72 72
30-34 82 95 55 59 62 68
35-39 76 83 43 54 63 65
40-44 86 71 52 45 68 57
45-49 83 78 49 46 66 62
50 or Older 209 211 135 125 152 164
50-54 106 124 68 71 75 93
55-59 120 112 82 75 79 86
60-64 79 97 46 53 64 79
65 or Older 113 108 53 53 94 91
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
200623
Table 8.4D – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.12 0.12 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.18
18-25 0.26 0.25 0.32 0.30 0.41 0.41
18-20 0.43 0.39 0.55 0.41 0.69 0.70
21-25 0.33 0.34 0.42 0.42 0.51 0.51
26 or Older 0.14 0.13 0.18 0.17 0.19 0.19
26-49 0.19 0.18 0.23 0.25 0.27 0.28
26-29 0.47 0.53 0.53 0.76 0.72 0.77
30-34 0.37 0.41 0.49 0.51 0.55 0.59
35-39 0.36 0.37 0.41 0.49 0.58 0.56
40-44 0.43 0.36 0.53 0.46 0.66 0.56
45-49 0.40 0.38 0.48 0.47 0.62 0.60
50 or Older 0.19 0.19 0.26 0.24 0.25 0.27
50-54 0.49 0.59 0.68 0.70 0.65 0.86
55-59 0.54 0.51 0.76 0.73 0.68 0.72
60-64 0.39 0.47 0.45 0.51 0.64 0.76
65 or Older 0.23 0.21 0.24 0.23 0.34 0.32
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
200623
Table 8.4P – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8010   0.6579   0.9820  
18-25 0.5568   0.7968   0.5888  
18-20 0.2815   0.0996   0.9261  
21-25 0.1113   0.0973   0.4579  
26 or Older 0.8991   0.6802   0.8673  
26-49 0.2500   0.0477   0.8423  
26-29 0.0445   0.0109   0.5915  
30-34 0.1075   0.2273   0.2848  
35-39 0.7651   0.1170   0.3945  
40-44 0.0701   0.3899   0.1268  
45-49 0.8869   0.7626   0.7341  
50 or Older 0.4348   0.2116   0.9830  
50-54 0.8319   0.3979   0.2991  
55-59 0.3956   0.4341   0.6267  
60-64 0.9699   0.3614   0.5719  
65 or Older 0.5337   0.8435   0.3905  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.5C – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 307 300 90 86 290 282 187 186 209 211
GENDER                    
Male 188 187 56 51 180 179 113 124 135 125
Female 230 233 70 70 215 215 139 141 152 164
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 287 282 81 77 273 267 170 171 202 205
White 272 268 75 69 259 255 159 165 195 195
Black or African American 80 96 27 27 77 93 57 58 52 72
AIAN 16 23 4 5 15 23 13 16 8 *
NHOPI 15 19 * * 14 18 12 * * *
Asian 54 42 29 25 46 35 43 35 16 4
Two or More Races 49 42 19 17 45 38 23 21 39 31
Hispanic or Latino 101 107 40 39 92 99 76 79 50 58
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 172 191 61 58 162 182 133 142 96 112
Part-Time 101 103 50 48 92 92 70 73 60 59
Unemployed 72 73 29 31 69 67 47 52 52 42
Other1 203 201 44 40 198 196 96 101 169 169
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.5D – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.14 0.13 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.19
GENDER                    
Male 0.16 0.16 0.32 0.30 0.18 0.17 0.23 0.25 0.26 0.24
Female 0.18 0.18 0.41 0.41 0.19 0.19 0.27 0.28 0.25 0.27
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.14 0.14 0.30 0.29 0.15 0.15 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.20
White 0.17 0.16 0.38 0.35 0.18 0.18 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.24
Black or African American 0.26 0.31 0.55 0.55 0.30 0.36 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.59
AIAN 1.15 1.60 1.97 2.50 1.32 1.80 2.14 2.43 1.42 *
NHOPI 1.55 1.97 * * 1.67 2.33 2.71 * * *
Asian 0.39 0.29 1.29 1.10 0.38 0.29 0.57 0.47 0.36 0.08
Two or More Races 1.17 0.96 2.02 2.02 1.35 1.05 1.49 1.39 2.13 1.46
Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.26 0.53 0.51 0.29 0.30 0.38 0.39 0.42 0.47
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.14 0.15 0.40 0.38 0.15 0.16 0.19 0.20 0.23 0.27
Part-Time 0.31 0.32 0.55 0.53 0.39 0.39 0.62 0.65 0.47 0.46
Unemployed 0.65 0.69 0.82 0.95 0.92 0.93 0.93 1.05 2.08 1.84
Other1 0.24 0.24 0.54 0.49 0.26 0.26 0.54 0.55 0.29 0.29
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.5P – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8010   0.5568   0.8991   0.2500   0.4348  
GENDER                    
Male 0.6579   0.7968   0.6802   0.0477   0.2116  
Female 0.9820   0.5888   0.8673   0.8423   0.9830  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8496   0.8417   0.8288   0.5012   0.4251  
White 0.8779   0.5151   0.7595   0.3748   0.2995  
Black or African American 0.6830   0.9349   0.6440   0.7167   0.3600  
AIAN 0.4979   0.9549   0.4838   0.6703   *  
NHOPI 0.8980   *   0.9014   *   *  
Asian 0.5841   0.3555   0.8949   0.9230   0.3520  
Two or More Races 0.5229   0.6415   0.4818   0.8742   0.4288  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1996   0.3452   0.3056   0.2083   0.9503  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.2446   0.2010   0.4491   0.7401   0.4640  
Part-Time 0.6452   0.9123   0.5828   0.4239   0.9906  
Unemployed 0.7197   0.1770   0.8448   0.6569   0.4244  
Other1 0.3391   0.1725   0.5104   0.3313   0.2084  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.6C – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 307 300 90 86 290 282 187 186 209 211
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 114 118 33 39 109 108 65 73 88 82
Midwest 121 147 39 40 115 140 80 85 81 104
South 180 177 54 51 171 166 113 106 125 133
West 160 168 54 46 148 157 103 109 101 106
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 231 224 79 75 211 206 147 154 146 141
Small Metro 182 189 54 49 172 177 104 109 125 137
Nonmetro 139 123 31 26 131 117 66 65 104 94
Urbanized 91 83 22 18 86 79 45 45 68 64
Less Urbanized 98 78 23 19 90 72 47 45 73 52
Completely Rural 33 54 5 5 32 52 13 23 26 44
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 142 148 47 45 131 139 83 96 103 107
100-199% 131 136 50 46 126 127 81 89 94 96
200% or More 237 229 67 64 223 217 150 152 159 154
EDUCATION                    
< High School 101 102 30 26 98 99 55 64 83 76
High School Graduate 150 151 47 45 141 141 86 88 107 116
Some College/Associate's Degree 181 192 74 63 163 177 114 123 115 123
College Graduate 164 153 36 36 158 148 102 109 111 98
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 222 226 78 70 205 210 137 142 143 154
Medicaid/CHIP 154 153 40 41 150 147 93 99 114 109
Other3 175 165 31 21 170 164 66 74 158 148
No Coverage 96 101 31 32 90 95 75 82 48 53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.6D – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.12 0.12 0.26 0.25 0.14 0.13 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.19
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.26 0.27 0.55 0.67 0.29 0.29 0.38 0.43 0.42 0.39
Midwest 0.23 0.28 0.54 0.55 0.26 0.31 0.40 0.42 0.34 0.43
South 0.19 0.19 0.43 0.40 0.21 0.20 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.31
West 0.27 0.28 0.66 0.57 0.29 0.31 0.41 0.43 0.40 0.41
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.16 0.16 0.37 0.38 0.17 0.17 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.23
Small Metro 0.23 0.24 0.45 0.42 0.26 0.26 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.39
Nonmetro 0.37 0.32 0.65 0.58 0.40 0.35 0.48 0.49 0.55 0.46
Urbanized 0.55 0.47 0.96 0.87 0.61 0.51 0.74 0.72 0.87 0.70
Less Urbanized 0.50 0.43 1.02 0.87 0.53 0.46 0.70 0.72 0.75 0.59
Completely Rural 0.99 1.24 1.66 1.31 1.08 1.34 1.14 2.07 1.44 1.79
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.39 0.41 0.51 0.50 0.49 0.51 0.56 0.63 0.88 0.89
100-199% 0.27 0.27 0.57 0.53 0.31 0.31 0.41 0.45 0.44 0.44
200% or More 0.14 0.14 0.37 0.36 0.15 0.14 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.19
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.33 0.33 0.64 0.55 0.37 0.37 0.49 0.55 0.54 0.51
High School Graduate 0.24 0.24 0.43 0.42 0.28 0.27 0.41 0.41 0.36 0.38
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.23 0.24 0.45 0.44 0.26 0.27 0.37 0.38 0.35 0.37
College Graduate 0.20 0.18 0.69 0.66 0.21 0.19 0.26 0.27 0.30 0.27
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.13 0.13 0.34 0.33 0.14 0.14 0.20 0.20 0.18 0.19
Medicaid/CHIP 0.40 0.41 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.48 0.54 0.58 0.87 0.78
Other3 0.25 0.24 1.15 0.78 0.26 0.25 0.82 0.89 0.27 0.26
No Coverage 0.40 0.41 0.64 0.66 0.47 0.48 0.52 0.56 0.95 0.97
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.6P – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8010   0.5568   0.8991   0.2500   0.4348  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.5243   0.3446   0.7075   0.0448   0.2379  
Midwest 0.3401   0.1417   0.5674   0.9622   0.4557  
South 0.4297   0.9283   0.4312   0.9821   0.3018  
West 0.9358   0.4865   0.7198   0.5613   0.9563  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.5861   0.5051   0.6943   0.1921   0.5109  
Small Metro 0.6600   0.7225   0.5646   0.5331   0.8880  
Nonmetro 0.2933   0.4507   0.2134   0.5316   0.3465  
Urbanized 0.4595   0.6556   0.4317   0.9473   0.4478  
Less Urbanized 0.1516   0.3931   0.0719   0.1482   0.2712  
Completely Rural 0.2375   0.6864   0.2079   0.1384   0.4664  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.3237   0.4846   0.4242   0.3093   0.8160  
100-199% 0.1668   0.0899   0.3962   0.3455   0.0469  
200% or More 0.5720   0.1141   0.8747   0.7365   0.9282  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.7130   0.2511   0.9393   0.9248   0.9654  
High School Graduate 0.7159   0.6770   0.7666   0.6838   0.9112  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.7568   0.3604   0.9182   0.5721   0.7020  
College Graduate 0.9901   0.5920   0.8732   0.2673   0.2087  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.6164   0.2571   0.8258   0.9775   0.7636  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.7875   0.6523   0.6810   0.3727   0.2868  
Other3 0.3630   0.0142   0.5698   0.1922   0.2232  
No Coverage 0.5433   0.4500   0.6997   0.4923   0.7787  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.7C – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 673 644 307 300 592 562 673 644
AGE GROUP                
18-25 169 151 90 86 147 134 169 151
26 or Older 625 615 290 282 559 547 625 615
26-49 363 351 187 186 324 308 363 351
50 or Older 473 480 209 211 432 447 473 480
GENDER                
Male 409 395 188 187 370 351 409 395
Female 500 500 230 233 448 436 500 500
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 616 589 287 282 538 512 616 589
White 601 594 272 268 511 502 1,591 1,528
Black or African American 228 235 80 96 205 198 689 672
AIAN 32 49 16 23 29 44 96 142
NHOPI 47 45 15 19 43 41 109 101
Asian 166 176 54 42 158 163 516 574
Two or More Races 99 105 49 42 86 96 203 196
Hispanic or Latino 238 245 101 107 213 225 238 245
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 436 468 172 191 399 396 1,171 1,143
Part-Time 233 235 101 103 210 209 513 532
Unemployed 140 150 72 73 118 130 257 270
Other1 448 443 203 201 390 394 1,075 1,045
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.7D – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.23 0.27 0.26
AGE GROUP                
18-25 0.49 0.44 0.26 0.25 0.43 0.40 0.49 0.44
26 or Older 0.29 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.26 0.25 0.29 0.29
26-49 0.36 0.35 0.19 0.18 0.32 0.30 0.36 0.35
50 or Older 0.42 0.42 0.19 0.19 0.38 0.39 0.42 0.42
GENDER                
Male 0.34 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.31 0.29 0.34 0.33
Female 0.39 0.39 0.18 0.18 0.35 0.34 0.39 0.39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.28 0.14 0.14 0.26 0.25 0.30 0.28
White 0.34 0.32 0.17 0.16 0.30 0.28 0.34 0.32
Black or African American 0.68 0.69 0.26 0.31 0.62 0.60 0.68 0.69
AIAN 2.38 3.17 1.15 1.60 2.23 2.78 2.38 3.17
NHOPI 4.36 4.33 1.55 1.97 4.06 4.00 4.36 4.33
Asian 1.09 1.16 0.39 0.29 1.05 1.08 1.09 1.16
Two or More Races 2.10 2.17 1.17 0.96 1.85 2.03 2.10 2.17
Hispanic or Latino 0.60 0.60 0.25 0.26 0.54 0.55 0.60 0.60
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.32 0.32 0.14 0.15 0.30 0.28 0.32 0.32
Part-Time 0.65 0.66 0.31 0.32 0.60 0.59 0.65 0.66
Unemployed 1.13 1.29 0.65 0.69 1.00 1.18 1.13 1.29
Other1 0.50 0.48 0.24 0.24 0.44 0.43 0.50 0.48
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.7P – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 0.4580   0.8010   0.4742   0.4580  
AGE GROUP                
18-25 0.4775   0.5568   0.6499   0.4775  
26 or Older 0.5170   0.8991   0.5073   0.5170  
26-49 0.5182   0.2500   0.9403   0.5182  
50 or Older 0.7031   0.4348   0.4268   0.7031  
GENDER                
Male 0.8401   0.6579   1.0000   0.8401  
Female 0.4160   0.9820   0.3434   0.4160  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9939   0.8496   0.9103   0.9939  
White 0.9965   0.8779   0.9232   0.9965  
Black or African American 1.0000   0.6830   0.8422   1.0000  
AIAN 0.3953   0.4979   0.5959   0.3953  
NHOPI 0.7891   0.8980   0.7311   0.7891  
Asian 0.9005   0.5841   0.7597   0.9005  
Two or More Races 0.5479   0.5229   0.7567   0.5479  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0467   0.1996   0.1034   0.0467  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.1398   0.2446   0.2963   0.1398  
Part-Time 0.9352   0.6452   0.7499   0.9352  
Unemployed 0.5870   0.7197   0.7020   0.5870  
Other1 0.7807   0.3391   0.8296   0.7807  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.8C – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 673 644 307 300 592 562 673 644
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 263 258 114 118 241 233 263 258
Midwest 264 271 121 147 243 231 264 271
South 393 388 180 177 350 344 393 388
West 338 344 160 168 304 305 338 344
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 613 595 231 224 528 520 1,507 1,603
Small Metro 412 448 182 189 335 369 1,165 1,139
Nonmetro 285 286 139 123 228 221 878 876
Urbanized 197 213 91 83 163 166 636 650
Less Urbanized 207 177 98 78 153 137 665 671
Completely Rural 102 122 33 54 82 87 347 339
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 310 304 142 148 262 256 615 611
100-199% 319 324 131 136 285 282 710 703
200% or More 574 566 237 229 506 500 1,707 1,628
EDUCATION                
< High School 222 250 101 102 202 226 662 593
High School Graduate 323 351 150 151 282 316 798 846
Some College/Associate's Degree 415 385 181 192 354 334 895 878
College Graduate 411 410 164 153 374 357 1,203 1,217
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 582 574 222 226 512 493 1,596 1,516
Medicaid/CHIP 317 334 154 153 263 289 608 628
Other3 395 384 175 165 342 347 1,111 1,098
No Coverage 197 207 96 101 171 186 478 482
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.8D – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.23 0.27 0.26
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.60 0.59 0.26 0.27 0.55 0.53 0.60 0.59
Midwest 0.51 0.52 0.23 0.28 0.47 0.44 0.51 0.52
South 0.42 0.41 0.19 0.19 0.38 0.37 0.42 0.41
West 0.58 0.58 0.27 0.28 0.52 0.52 0.58 0.58
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.38 0.37 0.16 0.16 0.34 0.33 0.38 0.37
Small Metro 0.44 0.45 0.23 0.24 0.39 0.38 0.44 0.45
Nonmetro 0.62 0.60 0.37 0.32 0.52 0.48 0.62 0.60
Urbanized 0.95 0.95 0.55 0.47 0.84 0.75 0.95 0.95
Less Urbanized 0.88 0.79 0.50 0.43 0.71 0.64 0.88 0.79
Completely Rural 2.37 2.10 0.99 1.24 1.82 1.71 2.37 2.10
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 0.71 0.72 0.39 0.41 0.64 0.63 0.71 0.72
100-199% 0.56 0.59 0.27 0.27 0.51 0.52 0.56 0.59
200% or More 0.31 0.29 0.14 0.14 0.28 0.26 0.31 0.29
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.69 0.72 0.33 0.33 0.63 0.66 0.69 0.72
High School Graduate 0.49 0.51 0.24 0.24 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.51
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.46 0.45 0.23 0.24 0.40 0.40 0.46 0.45
College Graduate 0.46 0.43 0.20 0.18 0.43 0.39 0.46 0.43
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 0.31 0.29 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.26 0.31 0.29
Medicaid/CHIP 0.71 0.76 0.40 0.41 0.64 0.68 0.71 0.76
Other3 0.54 0.53 0.25 0.24 0.47 0.48 0.54 0.53
No Coverage 0.78 0.77 0.40 0.41 0.69 0.70 0.78 0.77
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.8P – Levels of Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness
(2018)
TOTAL 0.4580   0.8010   0.4742   0.4580  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.2566   0.5243   0.3515   0.2566  
Midwest 0.8782   0.3401   0.7092   0.8782  
South 0.8596   0.4297   0.8310   0.8596  
West 0.5240   0.9358   0.5158   0.5240  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.4708   0.5861   0.5914   0.4708  
Small Metro 0.4113   0.6600   0.4909   0.4113  
Nonmetro 0.4167   0.2933   0.7851   0.4167  
Urbanized 0.9927   0.4595   0.6400   0.9927  
Less Urbanized 0.1799   0.1516   0.5083   0.1799  
Completely Rural 0.9596   0.2375   0.4109   0.9596  
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 0.4916   0.3237   0.8642   0.4916  
100-199% 0.6890   0.1668   0.7643   0.6890  
200% or More 0.3892   0.5720   0.5133   0.3892  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.3523   0.7130   0.2240   0.3523  
High School Graduate 0.2870   0.7159   0.3411   0.2870  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.2084   0.7568   0.2206   0.2084  
College Graduate 0.1834   0.9901   0.1487   0.1834  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 0.7149   0.6164   0.8663   0.7149  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.7562   0.7875   0.6072   0.7562  
Other3 0.7010   0.3630   0.3634   0.7010  
No Coverage 0.4056   0.5433   0.5697   0.4056  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.9C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 246 276 86 88 226 261 161 192 158 170
GENDER                    
Male 186 202 67 61 172 192 124 138 126 133
Female 158 186 55 65 144 170 103 119 97 113
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 230 246 69 74 215 236 150 170 154 155
White 210 222 68 72 197 210 142 156 141 139
Black or African American 75 96 29 26 70 93 47 69 52 67
AIAN 16 17 5 8 16 15 10 14 * *
NHOPI 11 22 * * 10 * 10 * * *
Asian 42 44 19 24 37 37 33 37 18 *
Two or More Races 39 32 16 14 36 28 16 22 32 17
Hispanic or Latino 82 114 51 40 67 103 58 77 33 76
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 172 204 57 58 160 196 127 158 91 111
Part-Time 82 87 46 49 67 73 54 64 39 37
Unemployed 70 80 31 31 66 73 53 59 39 41
Other1 144 145 48 38 136 141 66 71 118 119
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.9D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.10 0.11 0.25 0.26 0.11 0.12 0.16 0.19 0.14 0.15
GENDER                    
Male 0.16 0.17 0.39 0.36 0.17 0.19 0.25 0.28 0.24 0.25
Female 0.12 0.14 0.32 0.38 0.13 0.15 0.20 0.23 0.16 0.19
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.11 0.12 0.26 0.28 0.12 0.13 0.19 0.21 0.15 0.15
White 0.13 0.14 0.33 0.37 0.14 0.15 0.24 0.26 0.17 0.17
Black or African American 0.25 0.32 0.56 0.55 0.28 0.37 0.36 0.52 0.43 0.56
AIAN 1.31 1.18 2.27 3.62 1.48 1.14 1.71 2.15 * *
NHOPI 1.14 2.27 * * 1.11 * 2.13 * * *
Asian 0.29 0.31 0.84 1.01 0.31 0.32 0.44 0.50 0.39 *
Two or More Races 0.91 0.74 1.69 1.73 1.06 0.79 1.00 1.44 1.76 0.80
Hispanic or Latino 0.21 0.28 0.67 0.52 0.21 0.31 0.29 0.38 0.28 0.61
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.14 0.16 0.37 0.39 0.14 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.22 0.27
Part-Time 0.25 0.27 0.50 0.52 0.28 0.31 0.48 0.57 0.31 0.29
Unemployed 0.65 0.77 0.87 0.92 0.91 1.02 1.07 1.20 1.64 1.84
Other1 0.18 0.17 0.55 0.46 0.18 0.19 0.38 0.40 0.21 0.20
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.9P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1063   0.4660   0.1324   0.0148   0.7234  
GENDER                    
Male 0.4275   0.8789   0.4134   0.0378   0.3430  
Female 0.1227   0.3631   0.1678   0.1565   0.5299  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2461   0.0656   0.4835   0.0908   0.4823  
White 0.5527   0.0860   0.8984   0.3907   0.5203  
Black or African American 0.1931   0.7140   0.1255   0.1523   0.5115  
AIAN 0.7169   0.3481   0.4737   0.5576   *  
NHOPI 0.4061   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3057   0.1341   0.7489   0.4456   *  
Two or More Races 0.7696   0.6960   0.7913   0.1448   0.2314  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1367   0.1745   0.0149   0.0170   0.3656  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.0372   0.2066   0.0811   0.0286   0.9796  
Part-Time 0.2293   0.6035   0.2656   0.2198   0.7802  
Unemployed 0.8139   0.9963   0.7851   0.8655   0.8853  
Other1 0.6907   0.4775   0.8605   0.4241   0.5363  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.10C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 246 276 86 88 226 261 161 192 158 170
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 89 132 31 35 86 126 62 81 65 84
Midwest 112 119 39 36 94 110 62 76 66 75
South 156 144 57 50 141 135 102 105 98 91
West 135 158 50 54 123 146 88 111 84 88
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 205 237 84 73 181 226 130 165 126 133
Small Metro 121 152 53 57 111 136 88 92 74 96
Nonmetro 78 85 23 27 72 80 48 54 51 61
Urbanized 47 58 17 20 43 53 29 45 29 35
Less Urbanized 61 56 16 18 55 54 38 31 40 44
Completely Rural 25 25 5 5 24 25 16 6 14 24
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 107 124 48 49 96 114 63 75 74 82
100-199% 111 131 47 43 102 121 77 86 65 82
200% or More 186 205 61 63 175 198 128 149 123 125
EDUCATION                    
< High School 83 113 28 30 80 110 45 59 66 96
High School Graduate 122 135 44 42 112 128 78 89 83 89
Some College/Associate's Degree 152 156 76 67 135 141 102 109 87 83
College Graduate 128 139 33 37 121 135 98 111 78 74
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 192 204 75 76 170 188 122 135 119 122
Medicaid/CHIP 118 143 38 40 113 136 79 96 81 98
Other3 115 106 30 22 111 104 46 60 101 86
No Coverage 93 100 31 31 87 97 71 84 52 55
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.10D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.10 0.11 0.25 0.26 0.11 0.12 0.16 0.19 0.14 0.15
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.20 0.30 0.52 0.59 0.23 0.33 0.36 0.47 0.31 0.40
Midwest 0.22 0.23 0.53 0.50 0.21 0.25 0.31 0.37 0.28 0.31
South 0.17 0.15 0.45 0.39 0.18 0.17 0.27 0.27 0.23 0.21
West 0.23 0.27 0.60 0.66 0.25 0.29 0.35 0.44 0.33 0.34
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.14 0.17 0.37 0.36 0.15 0.18 0.21 0.27 0.21 0.22
Small Metro 0.16 0.19 0.43 0.46 0.18 0.20 0.31 0.30 0.22 0.27
Nonmetro 0.21 0.22 0.51 0.57 0.22 0.24 0.36 0.42 0.27 0.31
Urbanized 0.28 0.33 0.78 0.96 0.30 0.35 0.50 0.77 0.36 0.40
Less Urbanized 0.33 0.32 0.71 0.74 0.35 0.36 0.60 0.50 0.44 0.51
Completely Rural 0.75 0.69 1.63 1.58 0.83 0.76 1.40 0.65 0.76 1.05
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.30 0.35 0.48 0.51 0.37 0.42 0.43 0.50 0.65 0.69
100-199% 0.22 0.26 0.54 0.50 0.25 0.29 0.39 0.43 0.30 0.38
200% or More 0.11 0.12 0.35 0.36 0.12 0.13 0.18 0.21 0.15 0.15
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.27 0.36 0.60 0.60 0.31 0.41 0.41 0.50 0.44 0.64
High School Graduate 0.20 0.22 0.40 0.40 0.22 0.25 0.36 0.41 0.29 0.29
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.19 0.20 0.43 0.44 0.21 0.22 0.33 0.34 0.27 0.25
College Graduate 0.16 0.17 0.61 0.66 0.16 0.17 0.25 0.28 0.21 0.20
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.11 0.12 0.32 0.33 0.12 0.13 0.18 0.19 0.15 0.16
Medicaid/CHIP 0.32 0.38 0.50 0.52 0.38 0.45 0.45 0.57 0.65 0.71
Other3 0.17 0.16 1.04 0.86 0.17 0.16 0.59 0.73 0.17 0.15
No Coverage 0.39 0.40 0.65 0.63 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.57 1.03 1.00
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.10P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1063   0.4660   0.1324   0.0148   0.7234  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.2969   0.3191   0.4237   0.6450   0.4605  
Midwest 0.9670   0.8715   0.8894   0.4381   0.5852  
South 0.6480   0.7306   0.7400   0.9091   0.5633  
West 0.0106   0.2804   0.0184   0.0009   0.8097  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.1356   0.8687   0.0931   0.0016   0.3975  
Small Metro 0.7046   0.4830   0.8611   0.7421   0.6790  
Nonmetro 0.3834   0.0741   0.7258   0.6332   0.7774  
Urbanized 0.1518   0.1247   0.2826   0.0493   0.6890  
Less Urbanized 0.8746   0.2446   0.8167   0.4397   0.7049  
Completely Rural 0.7403   0.9400   0.7330   0.0489   0.4215  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.2683   0.3514   0.3821   0.3663   0.6712  
100-199% 0.5551   0.7996   0.4428   0.2347   0.9399  
200% or More 0.2787   0.6517   0.3039   0.0374   0.4703  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.1837   0.4378   0.2559   0.3803   0.4427  
High School Graduate 0.6158   0.4149   0.3860   0.0889   0.7370  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.9915   0.5647   0.9372   0.5618   0.4255  
College Graduate 0.0877   0.1276   0.1918   0.0597   0.7333  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.6434   0.4700   0.7566   0.2064   0.3712  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0855   0.6868   0.0908   0.0462   0.5399  
Other3 0.9333   0.4662   0.9397   0.0621   0.3264  
No Coverage 0.3430   0.8375   0.3455   0.2465   0.9843  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.11C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 152 149 57 53 138 140 100 105 95 95
GENDER                    
Male 102 103 41 33 94 96 68 76 67 60
Female 110 108 38 42 99 98 72 70 65 73
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 144 139 50 48 132 131 95 93 92 94
White 129 128 46 45 118 121 88 80 81 90
Black or African American 41 51 14 13 40 49 26 41 31 29
AIAN 8 13 3 5 8 12 7 12 * *
NHOPI 10 * * * 9 * 9 * * *
Asian 30 17 16 12 25 13 20 13 * *
Two or More Races 32 21 11 11 30 17 11 14 * 9
Hispanic or Latino 48 51 30 20 37 46 29 45 23 6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 95 107 36 35 88 102 74 78 48 65
Part-Time 49 51 32 25 36 44 34 40 11 17
Unemployed 47 47 21 22 46 42 32 35 32 23
Other1 89 82 25 22 85 80 42 50 72 63
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.11D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.06 0.06 0.17 0.16 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.08
GENDER                    
Male 0.09 0.09 0.24 0.19 0.09 0.09 0.14 0.15 0.13 0.11
Female 0.09 0.08 0.22 0.25 0.09 0.09 0.14 0.14 0.11 0.12
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.07 0.07 0.19 0.18 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.09
White 0.08 0.08 0.24 0.24 0.08 0.09 0.15 0.14 0.10 0.11
Black or African American 0.14 0.17 0.29 0.29 0.16 0.20 0.20 0.32 0.26 0.25
AIAN 0.64 0.89 1.37 2.33 0.71 0.95 1.26 1.94 * *
NHOPI 0.99 * * * 1.06 * 2.04 * * *
Asian 0.21 0.12 0.72 0.52 0.21 0.11 0.27 0.17 * *
Two or More Races 0.76 0.48 1.25 1.36 0.90 0.47 0.69 0.95 * 0.41
Hispanic or Latino 0.12 0.13 0.40 0.26 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.22 0.19 0.04
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.08 0.08 0.24 0.24 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.16
Part-Time 0.15 0.16 0.37 0.28 0.15 0.19 0.31 0.36 0.09 0.14
Unemployed 0.43 0.46 0.59 0.68 0.63 0.60 0.66 0.73 1.34 1.04
Other1 0.11 0.10 0.31 0.28 0.11 0.11 0.24 0.28 0.13 0.11
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.11P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8101   0.4545   0.5498   0.3631   0.9531  
GENDER                    
Male 0.6486   0.2298   0.9963   0.4051   0.3442  
Female 0.4414   0.9618   0.3895   0.6498   0.4336  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7091   0.9177   0.6909   0.7121   0.8217  
White 0.8850   0.7535   0.8160   0.4981   0.7208  
Black or African American 0.0609   0.8034   0.0400   0.0319   0.5401  
AIAN 0.5667   0.6005   0.6582   0.4291   *  
NHOPI *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.3204   0.5663   0.3978   0.6780   *  
Two or More Races 0.9005   0.4982   0.9971   0.1524   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.7520   0.0646   0.4318   0.1168   0.1270  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.5884   0.5745   0.7240   0.9183   0.4868  
Part-Time 0.7829   0.0995   0.1400   0.2109   0.2661  
Unemployed 0.9393   0.7065   0.9311   0.9322   0.9410  
Other1 0.7880   0.3527   0.9957   0.1918   0.4015  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.12C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 152 149 57 53 138 140 100 105 95 95
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 58 57 20 23 56 51 37 49 40 13
Midwest 58 67 24 22 52 62 38 37 32 48
South 94 92 36 29 84 86 58 58 62 64
West 86 85 35 31 77 78 56 61 51 49
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 120 111 50 43 107 102 79 88 70 52
Small Metro 77 93 33 30 69 86 52 51 45 69
Nonmetro 48 53 15 16 46 51 29 26 33 40
Urbanized 31 33 14 11 27 31 19 21 19 23
Less Urbanized 35 34 7 11 34 32 22 17 26 27
Completely Rural 11 19 1 2 11 19 6 4 * 18
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 66 64 29 26 59 59 43 42 41 43
100-199% 70 79 30 25 66 75 51 57 41 48
200% or More 109 107 42 37 97 103 70 75 70 70
EDUCATION                    
< High School 54 50 19 17 51 49 30 36 42 34
High School Graduate 71 86 30 28 64 81 47 45 43 67
Some College/Associate's Degree 96 87 44 36 87 78 67 64 56 49
College Graduate 67 72 21 21 63 68 50 61 41 32
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 107 104 48 43 92 95 70 64 61 71
Medicaid/CHIP 77 80 25 22 74 78 49 61 56 50
Other3 75 58 16 12 73 58 32 37 66 44
No Coverage 53 66 19 18 49 62 40 49 28 39
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.12D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.06 0.06 0.17 0.16 0.06 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.08
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.13 0.13 0.33 0.40 0.15 0.13 0.21 0.28 0.19 0.06
Midwest 0.11 0.13 0.33 0.30 0.12 0.14 0.19 0.18 0.13 0.20
South 0.10 0.10 0.28 0.23 0.11 0.11 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
West 0.15 0.14 0.43 0.37 0.15 0.15 0.23 0.24 0.20 0.19
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.09 0.08 0.24 0.22 0.09 0.08 0.13 0.14 0.12 0.09
Small Metro 0.10 0.12 0.29 0.27 0.11 0.13 0.19 0.18 0.13 0.20
Nonmetro 0.13 0.14 0.35 0.35 0.14 0.16 0.22 0.21 0.18 0.20
Urbanized 0.19 0.20 0.65 0.54 0.20 0.21 0.34 0.37 0.25 0.26
Less Urbanized 0.20 0.20 0.34 0.53 0.22 0.23 0.35 0.28 0.29 0.31
Completely Rural 0.36 0.54 0.45 0.64 0.39 0.60 0.57 0.46 * 0.84
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.19 0.18 0.33 0.30 0.23 0.22 0.30 0.28 0.36 0.37
100-199% 0.14 0.16 0.35 0.30 0.16 0.18 0.26 0.30 0.19 0.22
200% or More 0.07 0.06 0.25 0.22 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.09
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.18 0.16 0.41 0.35 0.19 0.19 0.27 0.32 0.28 0.22
High School Graduate 0.12 0.14 0.28 0.26 0.13 0.16 0.22 0.21 0.15 0.22
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.12 0.11 0.28 0.26 0.14 0.12 0.22 0.20 0.17 0.15
College Graduate 0.08 0.09 0.40 0.39 0.08 0.09 0.13 0.16 0.11 0.09
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.06 0.06 0.22 0.21 0.06 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.09
Medicaid/CHIP 0.21 0.22 0.33 0.29 0.25 0.26 0.29 0.37 0.45 0.37
Other3 0.11 0.09 0.61 0.46 0.11 0.09 0.41 0.47 0.11 0.08
No Coverage 0.23 0.27 0.41 0.37 0.26 0.32 0.29 0.34 0.57 0.71
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.12P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8101   0.4545   0.5498   0.3631   0.9531  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.5868   0.3364   0.8237   0.1600   0.0908  
Midwest 0.8546   0.3579   0.6135   0.2530   0.7541  
South 0.8801   0.3361   0.5857   0.9218   0.4899  
West 0.9791   0.1610   0.4636   0.2300   0.8220  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.6680   0.3932   0.9483   0.2693   0.1361  
Small Metro 0.4247   0.4873   0.2568   0.7024   0.2778  
Nonmetro 0.6941   0.2456   0.9651   0.5491   0.5230  
Urbanized 0.8692   0.9040   1.0000   0.7306   0.8807  
Less Urbanized 0.6062   0.0263   0.8983   0.2872   0.5244  
Completely Rural 0.6596   0.9364   0.6519   0.5236   *  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.8993   0.8944   0.9218   0.6963   0.5704  
100-199% 0.7754   0.3049   0.4878   0.3163   0.9556  
200% or More 0.9799   0.5964   0.7843   0.4318   0.6824  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.9561   0.5776   0.9000   0.5144   0.6741  
High School Graduate 0.4844   0.9470   0.4399   0.9646   0.2563  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.2390   0.3102   0.4785   0.6501   0.5857  
College Graduate 0.1909   0.7263   0.2269   0.0569   0.4806  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.6455   0.6797   0.7964   0.4994   0.7827  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.5472   0.7585   0.4744   0.0926   0.6004  
Other3 0.5599   0.1130   0.7853   0.4484   0.3986  
No Coverage 0.5470   0.7497   0.4559   0.4944   0.7100  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190415
Table 8.13C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 194 220 66 70 180 211 128 155 131 145
GENDER                    
Male 154 171 49 51 143 165 105 116 107 119
Female 119 138 43 50 107 129 78 94 77 82
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 181 191 55 61 171 185 117 136 129 123
White 167 171 51 55 158 166 109 128 118 109
Black or African American 61 79 25 24 56 74 38 52 42 54
AIAN 14 11 4 7 14 9 6 7 * *
NHOPI 4 * * * 3 * 3 * * *
Asian 29 39 10 21 27 34 26 34 8 *
Two or More Races 22 25 12 9 19 23 12 17 16 14
Hispanic or Latino 67 105 38 34 56 96 52 66 23 76
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 141 163 43 44 134 158 105 130 78 94
Part-Time 67 70 34 42 56 58 42 49 38 32
Unemployed 53 64 24 22 47 58 41 47 23 35
Other1 114 117 39 30 106 113 51 50 93 97
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190415
Table 8.13D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.08 0.09 0.19 0.21 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.12 0.13
GENDER                    
Male 0.13 0.14 0.29 0.30 0.14 0.16 0.21 0.23 0.20 0.22
Female 0.09 0.11 0.25 0.30 0.10 0.12 0.15 0.18 0.13 0.14
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.09 0.09 0.21 0.23 0.09 0.10 0.15 0.17 0.13 0.12
White 0.11 0.11 0.26 0.29 0.11 0.12 0.18 0.21 0.15 0.13
Black or African American 0.20 0.26 0.48 0.50 0.22 0.30 0.29 0.40 0.35 0.45
AIAN 1.13 0.73 1.86 2.85 1.30 0.64 1.17 1.05 * *
NHOPI 0.39 * * * 0.31 * 0.60 * * *
Asian 0.21 0.28 0.46 0.88 0.23 0.29 0.36 0.45 0.18 *
Two or More Races 0.53 0.57 1.31 1.19 0.58 0.63 0.75 1.15 0.87 0.69
Hispanic or Latino 0.17 0.26 0.50 0.45 0.18 0.29 0.26 0.32 0.20 0.61
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.11 0.13 0.29 0.29 0.12 0.14 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.23
Part-Time 0.20 0.22 0.37 0.46 0.24 0.24 0.38 0.44 0.30 0.25
Unemployed 0.50 0.63 0.68 0.67 0.65 0.83 0.86 0.98 0.95 1.54
Other1 0.14 0.14 0.45 0.37 0.15 0.15 0.29 0.29 0.17 0.17
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190415
Table 8.13P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0590   0.1173   0.1394   0.0163   0.6979  
GENDER                    
Male 0.2165   0.2750   0.3298   0.0533   0.5615  
Female 0.1619   0.2664   0.2641   0.1516   0.8727  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2258   0.0308   0.5462   0.0599   0.2948  
White 0.3947   0.0624   0.7385   0.1296   0.2847  
Black or African American 0.7322   0.7937   0.6155   0.8046   0.6679  
AIAN 0.3470   0.4617   0.2022   0.8911   *  
NHOPI *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.0350   0.0097   0.3005   0.2285   *  
Two or More Races 0.5610   0.8748   0.6982   0.5488   0.3103  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0586   0.6508   0.0219   0.0783   0.1571  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.0276   0.2411   0.0569   0.0069   0.6720  
Part-Time 0.1828   0.0527   0.7578   0.5673   0.8556  
Unemployed 0.8154   0.6937   0.6811   0.7826   0.7904  
Other1 0.7645   0.8489   0.8211   0.9007   0.8632  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.14C – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 194 220 66 70 180 211 128 155 131 145
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 72 109 26 28 69 105 52 60 52 83
Midwest 94 92 32 29 80 88 51 62 62 59
South 121 117 42 40 113 111 82 88 78 66
West 103 124 35 42 97 117 72 94 68 76
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 160 192 61 56 145 185 105 132 107 119
Small Metro 97 112 38 44 92 101 71 77 63 66
Nonmetro 58 66 17 23 54 62 37 46 39 47
Urbanized 33 46 11 18 31 42 21 38 22 27
Less Urbanized 46 45 14 14 42 43 29 26 30 35
Completely Rural 19 17 4 5 18 16 13 4 12 15
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 84 101 35 37 77 92 48 61 61 69
100-199% 83 100 35 34 75 93 55 61 50 65
200% or More 150 172 45 49 145 167 109 129 101 108
EDUCATION                    
< High School 63 104 20 24 62 100 36 46 52 90
High School Graduate 97 97 32 31 90 94 60 74 70 58
Some College/Associate's Degree 117 126 55 54 104 117 76 91 69 67
College Graduate 108 113 26 30 106 109 85 89 67 66
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 153 166 55 59 141 158 100 119 102 103
Medicaid/CHIP 88 118 31 31 83 110 61 72 58 86
Other3 88 89 22 19 84 87 32 46 77 74
No Coverage 72 79 24 25 69 78 55 67 43 39
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.14D – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.08 0.09 0.19 0.21 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.15 0.12 0.13
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.16 0.25 0.43 0.48 0.18 0.28 0.30 0.35 0.25 0.40
Midwest 0.18 0.18 0.44 0.40 0.18 0.20 0.25 0.31 0.26 0.24
South 0.13 0.12 0.33 0.31 0.14 0.14 0.22 0.23 0.18 0.15
West 0.18 0.21 0.42 0.51 0.19 0.23 0.29 0.38 0.27 0.29
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.11 0.14 0.29 0.28 0.12 0.15 0.17 0.22 0.18 0.20
Small Metro 0.13 0.14 0.33 0.37 0.15 0.15 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.19
Nonmetro 0.16 0.18 0.38 0.49 0.17 0.19 0.29 0.37 0.21 0.24
Urbanized 0.20 0.27 0.49 0.88 0.22 0.28 0.37 0.66 0.28 0.31
Less Urbanized 0.26 0.26 0.64 0.61 0.27 0.29 0.47 0.44 0.33 0.40
Completely Rural 0.55 0.47 1.50 1.43 0.62 0.51 1.16 0.46 0.67 0.71
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.24 0.29 0.36 0.41 0.30 0.35 0.33 0.42 0.55 0.58
100-199% 0.17 0.20 0.41 0.40 0.18 0.22 0.29 0.31 0.24 0.30
200% or More 0.09 0.10 0.26 0.29 0.10 0.11 0.16 0.18 0.13 0.13
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.21 0.33 0.44 0.50 0.24 0.38 0.32 0.39 0.35 0.60
High School Graduate 0.16 0.16 0.29 0.30 0.18 0.18 0.28 0.35 0.24 0.19
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.15 0.16 0.34 0.36 0.16 0.18 0.25 0.29 0.21 0.20
College Graduate 0.13 0.14 0.48 0.53 0.14 0.14 0.22 0.23 0.18 0.18
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.09 0.10 0.25 0.27 0.10 0.11 0.15 0.17 0.13 0.13
Medicaid/CHIP 0.24 0.32 0.40 0.41 0.29 0.37 0.36 0.44 0.48 0.63
Other3 0.13 0.13 0.81 0.72 0.13 0.13 0.41 0.57 0.13 0.13
No Coverage 0.30 0.32 0.50 0.51 0.35 0.39 0.39 0.46 0.87 0.71
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.14P – Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Any Mental Illness Excluding Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
TOTAL 0.0590   0.1173   0.1394   0.0163   0.6979  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.3455   0.6856   0.3875   0.5691   0.1253  
Midwest 0.8591   0.3934   0.5905   0.0862   0.3983  
South 0.4891   0.7229   0.4033   0.9442   0.1747  
West 0.0012   0.0042   0.0163   0.0019   0.8946  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.0306   0.6122   0.0352   0.0022   0.8850  
Small Metro 0.8828   0.1440   0.4855   0.4966   0.6520  
Nonmetro 0.4332   0.1894   0.6813   0.3332   0.8541  
Urbanized 0.0482   0.0308   0.1705   0.0314   0.6913  
Less Urbanized 0.8425   0.8188   0.8536   0.8435   0.9690  
Completely Rural 0.3769   0.9602   0.3667   0.0393   0.7567  
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% 0.1913   0.2718   0.3086   0.1573   0.8926  
100-199% 0.5898   0.6298   0.6784   0.4968   0.9582  
200% or More 0.1869   0.2797   0.2809   0.0473   0.5476  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.1147   0.1421   0.2133   0.5652   0.2830  
High School Graduate 0.9244   0.2482   0.6007   0.0298   0.1524  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.3679   0.1143   0.6655   0.2785   0.5649  
College Graduate 0.2157   0.1130   0.4054   0.3034   1.0000  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.3778   0.2028   0.5920   0.0617   0.2124  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0931   0.4461   0.1157   0.2349   0.2652  
Other3 0.7204   0.8450   0.7535   0.0653   0.5393  
No Coverage 0.4548   0.6197   0.5419   0.3343   0.7414  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.15C – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 673 644 93 102 739 739 307 300 60 68 306 305
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 414 389 74 81 493 496 209 210 42 51 210 219
18-25 169 151 30 29 238 192 90 86 16 20 96 88
26-34 224 223 50 46 271 280 118 128 31 26 120 133
35-49 275 246 47 54 299 287 141 127 22 35 143 127
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 409 395 71 76 430 425 188 187 44 54 183 183
Male 18-49 256 249 59 63 289 291 126 133 32 38 123 135
Female 18 or Older 500 500 56 70 540 561 230 233 40 40 231 235
Female 18-49 282 279 46 51 339 348 159 163 27 33 166 168
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.15D – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.27 0.26 1.95 2.27 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 1.51 1.69 0.12 0.12
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 0.31 0.29 1.96 2.17 0.31 0.29 0.15 0.16 1.30 1.56 0.15 0.16
18-25 0.49 0.44 2.78 2.74 0.50 0.45 0.26 0.25 1.70 2.07 0.27 0.25
26-34 0.57 0.56 3.49 3.79 0.57 0.57 0.30 0.32 2.69 2.41 0.30 0.32
35-49 0.45 0.40 3.63 3.94 0.46 0.40 0.23 0.21 1.99 2.94 0.23 0.21
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 0.34 0.33 2.38 2.65 0.35 0.33 0.16 0.16 1.67 1.98 0.15 0.15
Male 18-49 0.38 0.37 2.41 2.55 0.39 0.38 0.19 0.20 1.53 1.74 0.19 0.20
Female 18 or Older 0.39 0.39 3.42 4.03 0.39 0.39 0.18 0.18 3.01 3.29 0.18 0.18
Female 18-49 0.42 0.41 3.36 3.58 0.42 0.41 0.23 0.24 2.45 3.07 0.24 0.24
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.15P – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On
Probation
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Probation
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.4580   0.4524   0.3853   0.8010   0.9419   0.8005  
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 0.3953   0.9951   0.3352   0.2123   0.4252   0.2424  
18-25 0.4775   0.5869   0.4193   0.5568   0.2303   0.6760  
26-34 0.0384   0.3764   0.0167   0.0095   0.2278   0.0029  
35-49 0.3622   0.2661   0.2864   0.4147   0.0941   0.2373  
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 0.8401   0.5223   0.7865   0.6579   0.9818   0.6527  
Male 18-49 0.5448   0.9110   0.5492   0.0559   0.8193   0.0480  
Female 18 or Older 0.4160   0.8229   0.3631   0.9820   0.8093   0.9792  
Female 18-49 0.4933   0.9789   0.4005   0.9583   0.2816   0.9495  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year probation status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.16C – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 673 644 65 70 747 742 307 300 42 52 311 306
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 414 389 51 53 501 499 209 210 29 30 215 220
18-25 169 151 18 14 240 194 90 86 8 * 97 90
26-34 224 223 * * 275 284 118 128 * * 122 136
35-49 275 246 * 37 302 289 141 127 * 24 145 130
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 409 395 56 61 432 429 188 187 35 46 185 184
Male 18-49 256 249 40 42 294 296 126 133 18 24 127 137
Female 18 or Older 500 500 * * 547 564 230 233 * * 234 238
Female 18-49 282 279 * * 345 348 159 163 * * 168 170
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.16D – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.27 0.26 3.57 3.79 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 2.98 3.02 0.12 0.12
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 0.31 0.29 3.48 3.33 0.31 0.29 0.15 0.16 2.58 2.34 0.16 0.16
18-25 0.49 0.44 5.37 4.99 0.49 0.45 0.26 0.25 2.54 * 0.26 0.25
26-34 0.57 0.56 * * 0.57 0.56 0.30 0.32 * * 0.30 0.32
35-49 0.45 0.40 * 5.26 0.46 0.40 0.23 0.21 * 4.00 0.24 0.21
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 0.34 0.33 4.27 4.50 0.34 0.33 0.16 0.16 3.30 3.58 0.15 0.15
Male 18-49 0.38 0.37 4.08 3.89 0.39 0.37 0.19 0.20 2.25 2.61 0.19 0.20
Female 18 or Older 0.39 0.39 * * 0.39 0.39 0.18 0.18 * * 0.18 0.18
Female 18-49 0.42 0.41 * * 0.42 0.41 0.23 0.24 * * 0.24 0.24
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.16P – Any Mental Illness and Serious Mental Illness in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Total1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
Among
Adults
Not on
Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2018)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 0.4580   0.1970   0.4099   0.8010   0.8052   0.8562  
AGE GROUP                        
18-49 0.3953   0.4267   0.3267   0.2123   0.6233   0.2217  
18-25 0.4775   0.5152   0.4399   0.5568   *   0.6177  
26-34 0.0384   *   0.0229   0.0095   *   0.0057  
35-49 0.3622   *   0.3548   0.4147   *   0.3383  
GENDER/AGE GROUP                        
Male 18 or Older 0.8401   0.2274   0.7776   0.6579   0.9610   0.6723  
Male 18-49 0.5448   0.4598   0.4900   0.0559   0.6135   0.0594  
Female 18 or Older 0.4160   *   0.3995   0.9820   *   0.9224  
Female 18-49 0.4933   *   0.4370   0.9583   *   0.9633  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown past year parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.17C – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 608 591 442 470 264 258 339 373 474 427
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 133 120 130 104 76 64 95 78 78 79
26 or Older 574 572 412 446 254 244 318 360 464 420
26-49 301 291 247 274 155 156 191 208 212 196
50 or Older 468 481 320 340 194 189 251 287 396 376
GENDER                    
Male 337 341 247 252 154 147 191 204 270 247
Female 468 453 346 374 199 207 282 301 363 340
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 571 560 416 448 246 242 323 350 451 412
White 589 589 384 404 235 220 298 323 430 380
Black or African American 148 168 109 123 59 78 86 91 99 106
AIAN 27 37 * * * * * * 19 26
NHOPI 21 32 * * * * * * 4 4
Asian 101 106 59 77 * * 48 67 77 71
Two or More Races 81 80 50 48 * * 35 32 63 63
Hispanic or Latino 192 183 142 151 80 86 115 125 142 112
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 394 419 237 290 143 151 194 234 297 275
Part-Time 229 221 151 159 87 84 121 132 173 152
Unemployed 129 106 85 88 52 61 67 63 90 52
Other2 419 410 299 287 183 171 225 231 284 280
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health services for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.17D – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.25 0.24 0.71 0.68 1.27 1.24 0.77 0.79 0.23 0.20
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.39 0.36 0.98 0.87 1.94 1.72 1.09 0.98 0.28 0.30
26 or Older 0.27 0.27 0.85 0.82 1.51 1.49 0.91 0.94 0.25 0.23
26-49 0.30 0.29 0.88 0.82 1.60 1.55 0.96 0.95 0.25 0.24
50 or Older 0.42 0.42 1.63 1.61 3.08 3.30 1.67 1.75 0.39 0.37
GENDER                    
Male 0.28 0.29 1.12 1.07 2.24 2.27 1.18 1.22 0.26 0.24
Female 0.37 0.35 0.89 0.88 1.45 1.47 1.01 1.02 0.34 0.33
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.27 0.77 0.75 1.30 1.33 0.85 0.86 0.26 0.23
White 0.32 0.33 0.84 0.82 1.41 1.50 0.95 0.97 0.31 0.29
Black or African American 0.48 0.53 1.95 1.97 4.11 4.03 2.05 2.10 0.39 0.42
AIAN 2.12 2.45 * * * * * * 1.83 2.13
NHOPI 2.28 3.46 * * * * * * 0.58 0.57
Asian 0.72 0.71 2.95 2.97 * * 2.77 3.22 0.64 0.57
Two or More Races 1.83 1.70 3.79 3.89 * * 4.01 3.86 2.02 1.84
Hispanic or Latino 0.49 0.45 1.87 1.76 4.09 3.45 2.05 1.91 0.41 0.33
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.30 0.30 0.95 0.95 2.00 1.83 1.00 1.10 0.28 0.26
Part-Time 0.64 0.62 1.65 1.58 2.60 2.78 1.86 1.87 0.64 0.58
Unemployed 1.12 0.98 2.44 2.58 4.44 4.09 2.82 2.80 1.11 0.70
Other2 0.46 0.46 1.36 1.37 2.12 2.32 1.48 1.53 0.41 0.41
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health services for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.17P – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5833   0.5049   0.1399   0.1132   0.8419  
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.5977   0.4039   0.1551   0.9146   0.1841  
26 or Older 0.6484   0.3730   0.2713   0.0981   0.6643  
26-49 0.3924   0.5853   0.2621   0.3000   0.8035  
50 or Older 0.9726   0.4815   0.7885   0.1953   0.5178  
GENDER                    
Male 0.3538   0.9309   0.6698   0.8323   0.1620  
Female 0.1559   0.4624   0.1312   0.0778   0.3821  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6302   0.3893   0.1359   0.0675   0.9560  
White 0.5212   0.3596   0.0933   0.0442   0.8635  
Black or African American 0.9078   0.9796   0.7421   0.7707   0.9470  
AIAN 0.7863   *   *   *   0.7072  
NHOPI 0.2002   *   *   *   0.8541  
Asian 0.7456   0.2834   *   0.1217   0.5735  
Two or More Races 0.1154   0.2194   *   0.2318   0.4158  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6182   0.8963   0.9734   0.9508   0.5831  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.1316   0.0873   0.7576   0.0410   0.9794  
Part-Time 0.4227   0.8071   0.1426   0.7618   0.3863  
Unemployed 0.5137   0.8810   0.3273   0.4239   0.2364  
Other2 0.9891   0.7338   0.1784   0.5710   0.6931  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health services for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.18C – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 608 591 442 470 264 258 339 373 474 427
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 243 262 182 192 99 102 142 159 195 198
Midwest 237 260 177 213 98 134 155 163 186 193
South 367 345 258 272 155 149 201 222 309 265
West 317 310 225 268 143 134 165 209 240 198
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 552 536 351 359 187 178 269 292 378 338
Small Metro 355 396 238 283 149 160 178 209 234 229
Nonmetro 225 256 175 158 121 96 119 119 123 175
Urbanized 166 185 121 108 83 64 81 79 94 130
Less Urbanized 156 161 120 101 79 57 81 77 83 111
Completely Rural 81 102 64 71 * * 48 * 36 48
POVERTY LEVEL2                    
Less Than 100% 264 232 207 191 121 121 159 146 142 124
100-199% 250 239 187 179 112 112 145 136 172 154
200% or More 536 567 329 373 192 190 265 309 402 386
EDUCATION                    
< High School 187 177 142 135 82 90 112 103 120 119
High School Graduate 272 279 188 210 126 122 139 171 188 170
Some College/Associate's Degree 371 363 255 266 150 167 195 200 253 235
College Graduate 417 437 247 276 128 123 210 230 305 297
HEALTH INSURANCE3                    
Private 555 561 329 372 181 194 265 300 405 373
Medicaid/CHIP 284 235 223 202 135 127 169 155 160 126
Other4 381 383 273 241 165 145 208 187 256 285
No Coverage 136 120 102 103 61 69 80 77 93 57
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.18D – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.25 0.24 0.71 0.68 1.27 1.24 0.77 0.79 0.23 0.20
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.55 0.60 1.76 1.64 3.32 2.90 1.92 1.86 0.52 0.53
Midwest 0.46 0.50 1.27 1.40 2.30 2.45 1.54 1.67 0.42 0.44
South 0.40 0.37 1.18 1.13 2.05 2.07 1.32 1.32 0.38 0.32
West 0.55 0.53 1.48 1.49 2.67 2.71 1.55 1.69 0.49 0.42
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.36 0.35 1.01 0.98 1.90 1.68 1.08 1.14 0.32 0.29
Small Metro 0.40 0.45 1.15 1.23 1.94 2.09 1.30 1.34 0.37 0.36
Nonmetro 0.53 0.54 1.67 1.44 2.67 3.08 1.83 1.75 0.39 0.52
Urbanized 0.87 0.87 2.63 1.96 4.26 4.93 2.73 2.36 0.66 0.88
Less Urbanized 0.71 0.73 2.42 2.18 3.62 4.20 2.74 2.54 0.53 0.71
Completely Rural 1.70 2.00 4.33 5.37 * * 5.45 * 1.07 1.48
POVERTY LEVEL2                    
Less Than 100% 0.66 0.59 1.64 1.53 2.45 2.60 1.91 1.76 0.53 0.47
100-199% 0.48 0.47 1.41 1.43 2.18 2.86 1.58 1.52 0.43 0.39
200% or More 0.29 0.30 0.94 0.91 1.73 1.68 1.03 1.06 0.27 0.27
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.58 0.54 2.13 2.01 3.97 4.25 2.30 2.10 0.46 0.46
High School Graduate 0.42 0.42 1.43 1.46 2.44 2.70 1.55 1.65 0.36 0.33
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.43 0.43 1.07 1.12 1.75 1.90 1.22 1.27 0.40 0.38
College Graduate 0.45 0.46 1.29 1.31 2.44 2.57 1.39 1.51 0.42 0.41
HEALTH INSURANCE3                    
Private 0.30 0.29 0.90 0.89 1.67 1.68 0.97 1.01 0.28 0.25
Medicaid/CHIP 0.68 0.60 1.50 1.50 2.01 2.35 1.80 1.71 0.58 0.48
Other4 0.51 0.52 1.78 1.70 2.64 2.82 1.94 1.81 0.43 0.48
No Coverage 0.56 0.48 1.79 1.66 3.40 3.33 2.02 1.79 0.49 0.30
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.18P – Received Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5833   0.5049   0.1399   0.1132   0.8419  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast 0.0347   0.2928   0.7882   0.1959   0.1783  
Midwest 0.4333   0.6789   0.6001   0.6746   0.4768  
South 0.3927   0.7938   0.7213   0.8081   0.3926  
West 0.9402   0.6288   0.0099   0.0461   0.4056  
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 0.7122   0.4409   0.7000   0.3043   0.1317  
Small Metro 0.3729   0.8346   0.3340   0.4624   0.5205  
Nonmetro 0.2711   0.8770   0.0696   0.2540   0.0387  
Urbanized 0.2875   0.7577   0.2466   0.4577   0.1068  
Less Urbanized 0.8240   0.7307   0.0808   0.0989   0.3906  
Completely Rural 0.6998   0.6972   *   *   0.2568  
POVERTY LEVEL2                    
Less Than 100% 0.8660   0.6099   0.2923   0.8128   0.7462  
100-199% 0.0146   0.0488   0.0333   0.4191   0.1451  
200% or More 0.0523   0.0261   0.9587   0.0147   0.6088  
EDUCATION                    
< High School 0.7543   0.3175   0.2337   0.1088   0.9452  
High School Graduate 0.4523   0.9569   0.0764   0.3216   0.0910  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.5502   0.9669   0.2332   0.4751   0.8676  
College Graduate 0.2436   0.0305   0.5159   0.0112   0.5207  
HEALTH INSURANCE3                    
Private 0.1378   0.0087   0.6078   0.0017   1.0000  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0055   0.0313   0.0255   0.1817   0.0115  
Other4 0.6002   0.2311   0.3366   0.5730   0.1593  
No Coverage 0.8770   0.8466   0.1373   0.4374   0.3233  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.19C – Received Inpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 138 144 112 110 76 77 82 78 95 87
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 43 41 38 34 30 25 23 22 20 21
26 or Older 134 138 106 106 70 75 79 74 94 85
26-49 71 82 62 72 52 48 37 53 36 41
50 or Older 116 109 83 77 47 58 68 51 86 74
GENDER                    
Male 95 90 70 73 45 48 54 55 73 50
Female 100 111 84 83 60 61 60 55 59 71
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 134 124 109 90 73 62 79 65 89 82
White 120 99 97 75 67 52 69 55 76 65
Black or African American 59 62 43 41 20 30 38 28 41 46
AIAN 6 11 * 6 * * * * 3 9
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 27 23 18 15 * * 10 5 19 17
Two or More Races 13 17 12 16 9 7 8 14 6 5
Hispanic or Latino 44 73 31 64 23 47 21 44 32 33
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 90 83 71 56 51 36 50 43 59 60
Medicaid/CHIP 89 88 68 75 48 56 47 50 64 44
Other3 94 96 64 61 39 42 52 45 69 72
No Coverage 50 42 45 41 17 31 42 27 22 8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 75 61 57 51 43 34 38 37 49 34
Part-Time 34 40 32 33 27 25 17 20 13 23
Unemployed 49 30 40 24 14 17 37 17 27 18
Other4 108 119 82 89 56 63 61 63 77 75
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.19D – Received Inpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.06 0.06 0.24 0.23 0.65 0.66 0.23 0.21 0.05 0.04
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.12 0.12 0.42 0.36 1.10 0.90 0.37 0.35 0.08 0.08
26 or Older 0.06 0.06 0.28 0.27 0.77 0.83 0.27 0.24 0.05 0.05
26-49 0.07 0.08 0.28 0.30 0.89 0.79 0.22 0.31 0.05 0.05
50 or Older 0.10 0.10 0.53 0.48 1.50 1.97 0.54 0.39 0.09 0.08
GENDER                    
Male 0.08 0.08 0.38 0.39 1.08 1.15 0.38 0.38 0.07 0.05
Female 0.08 0.09 0.29 0.28 0.79 0.81 0.28 0.25 0.06 0.07
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.06 0.06 0.27 0.21 0.71 0.60 0.26 0.21 0.05 0.05
White 0.08 0.06 0.30 0.23 0.78 0.62 0.29 0.22 0.06 0.05
Black or African American 0.20 0.21 0.88 0.84 1.98 2.63 0.98 0.74 0.16 0.19
AIAN 0.48 0.68 * 1.82 * * * * 0.28 0.71
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.19 0.16 0.88 0.71 * * 0.59 0.31 0.16 0.14
Two or More Races 0.32 0.39 0.98 1.39 2.50 2.43 0.95 1.67 0.21 0.15
Hispanic or Latino 0.11 0.18 0.50 0.92 1.80 3.00 0.43 0.80 0.10 0.10
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.05 0.05 0.25 0.20 0.86 0.58 0.22 0.19 0.04 0.04
Medicaid/CHIP 0.24 0.24 0.65 0.71 1.47 1.77 0.65 0.67 0.24 0.17
Other3 0.14 0.14 0.59 0.54 1.49 1.72 0.62 0.51 0.12 0.13
No Coverage 0.21 0.17 0.91 0.75 1.21 1.96 1.17 0.68 0.12 0.04
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.06 0.05 0.27 0.23 0.92 0.70 0.23 0.22 0.05 0.03
Part-Time 0.11 0.12 0.44 0.45 1.43 1.29 0.31 0.39 0.05 0.09
Unemployed 0.46 0.30 1.39 0.87 1.79 2.12 1.77 0.87 0.35 0.25
Other4 0.13 0.14 0.51 0.55 1.30 1.51 0.51 0.52 0.12 0.11
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.19P – Received Inpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.9773   0.9507   0.7029   0.7684   0.8985  
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.4922   0.4644   0.5334   0.7187   0.9317  
26 or Older 0.8273   0.7623   0.5223   0.8350   0.9161  
26-49 0.4406   0.8717   0.1059   0.0731   0.2926  
50 or Older 0.4375   0.6042   0.5292   0.2843   0.5351  
GENDER                    
Male 0.9737   0.2311   0.3402   0.4793   0.1908  
Female 0.9461   0.2840   0.2307   0.8135   0.2811  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3639   0.3220   0.3831   0.6120   0.8065  
White 0.1778   0.3994   0.2765   0.9048   0.3116  
Black or African American 0.4777   0.7497   0.6977   0.4644   0.1999  
AIAN 0.3069   *   *   *   0.2059  
NHOPI *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.2844   0.2622   *   0.4636   0.6135  
Two or More Races 0.8825   0.6300   0.4105   0.9384   0.6421  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0622   0.0672   0.4400   0.0694   0.7758  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.3975   0.2647   0.0601   0.8634   0.9212  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.8912   0.5582   0.5022   0.7773   0.5542  
Other3 0.5817   0.7506   0.6650   0.7763   0.7096  
No Coverage 0.7998   0.8695   0.1515   0.2396   0.4977  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.3741   0.5329   0.1706   0.6679   0.3614  
Part-Time 0.3164   0.5530   0.9632   0.4193   0.3247  
Unemployed 0.5118   0.3935   0.6013   0.2035   0.9559  
Other4 0.6696   0.6108   0.6743   0.6350   0.9111  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.20C – Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 431 442 321 357 197 216 245 272 284 265
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 100 102 94 88 59 56 70 63 54 56
26 or Older 417 420 308 335 192 207 235 258 279 258
26-49 219 233 189 207 125 126 144 157 134 132
50 or Older 336 335 241 254 144 162 189 203 240 222
GENDER                    
Male 254 254 192 199 118 129 144 153 171 161
Female 329 351 257 290 161 177 198 217 211 213
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 409 412 300 340 183 204 231 256 280 255
White 400 410 279 309 170 183 216 238 257 228
Black or African American 120 110 95 81 51 66 74 46 77 75
AIAN 22 27 * * * * * * 15 20
NHOPI 12 24 * * * * * * 3 *
Asian 83 85 49 69 * * 34 61 66 54
Two or More Races 61 64 36 45 * * 20 28 48 45
Hispanic or Latino 139 133 120 110 65 72 97 82 65 69
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 367 390 237 281 136 159 191 221 250 234
Medicaid/CHIP 207 170 174 155 106 106 130 115 101 77
Other3 254 248 201 183 120 120 157 141 156 164
No Coverage 89 85 75 72 48 54 59 50 44 39
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 270 296 177 218 108 124 142 175 192 174
Part-Time 173 166 127 130 76 79 99 100 115 105
Unemployed 86 78 70 69 48 51 48 44 41 33
Other4 278 270 220 219 141 144 165 166 168 161
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.20D – Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.18 0.18 0.59 0.59 1.27 1.29 0.63 0.63 0.14 0.13
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.29 0.30 0.86 0.80 1.82 1.70 0.94 0.85 0.20 0.22
26 or Older 0.20 0.20 0.71 0.70 1.58 1.58 0.73 0.74 0.16 0.14
26-49 0.22 0.23 0.75 0.73 1.64 1.53 0.80 0.79 0.16 0.16
50 or Older 0.30 0.30 1.37 1.33 3.33 3.69 1.39 1.35 0.25 0.22
GENDER                    
Male 0.21 0.21 0.94 0.93 2.26 2.29 0.94 0.97 0.17 0.16
Female 0.26 0.27 0.76 0.81 1.54 1.73 0.81 0.84 0.21 0.21
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.20 0.20 0.64 0.64 1.33 1.37 0.69 0.69 0.16 0.15
White 0.24 0.24 0.73 0.73 1.47 1.52 0.81 0.81 0.19 0.18
Black or African American 0.39 0.36 1.77 1.51 3.93 4.34 1.81 1.16 0.31 0.30
AIAN 1.72 1.79 * * * * * * 1.42 1.69
NHOPI 1.30 2.63 * * * * * * 0.42 *
Asian 0.59 0.58 2.46 2.78 * * 2.01 2.99 0.55 0.45
Two or More Races 1.43 1.43 2.88 3.61 * * 2.49 3.30 1.56 1.38
Hispanic or Latino 0.35 0.33 1.74 1.44 4.08 3.64 1.84 1.39 0.19 0.21
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.21 0.22 0.75 0.79 1.69 1.76 0.79 0.85 0.18 0.17
Medicaid/CHIP 0.53 0.46 1.40 1.28 2.35 2.58 1.61 1.36 0.38 0.30
Other3 0.36 0.35 1.52 1.41 3.14 3.38 1.64 1.44 0.27 0.28
No Coverage 0.38 0.34 1.45 1.25 2.97 3.02 1.59 1.25 0.24 0.20
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.21 0.22 0.78 0.82 1.91 1.88 0.82 0.89 0.18 0.17
Part-Time 0.51 0.48 1.51 1.47 2.85 2.94 1.60 1.59 0.45 0.41
Unemployed 0.79 0.76 2.19 2.23 4.50 4.78 2.27 2.12 0.53 0.46
Other4 0.33 0.32 1.18 1.19 2.36 2.53 1.24 1.25 0.25 0.24
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.20P – Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.1873   0.6177   0.4468   0.2526   0.2363  
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.4518   0.6888   0.4679   0.9840   0.1149  
26 or Older 0.2300   0.5289   0.5755   0.2302   0.3658  
26-49 0.3129   0.8750   0.0670   0.4216   0.1576  
50 or Older 0.3861   0.3568   0.3150   0.3748   0.8104  
GENDER                    
Male 0.8945   0.7290   0.5519   0.9272   0.8058  
Female 0.1086   0.7526   0.1851   0.1510   0.0778  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2043   0.3308   0.5164   0.0897   0.3283  
White 0.0417   0.1230   0.5845   0.0207   0.0945  
Black or African American 0.0333   0.0445   0.9342   0.0037   0.2599  
AIAN 0.8440   *   *   *   0.6561  
NHOPI 0.2048   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.9028   0.5456   *   0.0955   0.4973  
Two or More Races 0.9588   0.7202   *   0.7643   0.8587  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5589   0.4320   0.8096   0.3577   0.3309  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.0106   0.0091   0.9147   0.0024   0.2230  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0355   0.0728   0.0923   0.3037   0.0740  
Other3 0.3104   0.5221   0.7763   0.6078   0.0440  
No Coverage 0.9672   0.4328   0.7200   0.1964   0.4758  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.0197   0.0729   0.9941   0.0387   0.3189  
Part-Time 0.6333   0.3614   0.3662   0.4527   0.8097  
Unemployed 0.4199   0.4147   0.9172   0.2787   0.4550  
Other4 0.6510   0.9929   0.6748   0.5756   0.3813  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.21C – Received Prescription Medication as a Type of Mental Health Service in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 548 541 416 422 255 239 309 338 412 373
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 114 100 104 88 66 57 76 66 65 62
26 or Older 521 529 393 405 245 229 296 328 403 371
26-49 270 267 228 244 147 149 174 176 173 171
50 or Older 436 445 308 314 192 177 236 266 357 335
GENDER                    
Male 310 307 227 227 147 133 171 183 237 221
Female 436 429 323 344 192 195 254 275 327 305
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 516 516 387 406 237 223 293 322 389 363
White 534 534 363 367 226 202 277 300 378 349
Black or African American 125 150 94 112 52 71 74 83 79 90
AIAN 22 34 * * * * * * 13 23
NHOPI 18 24 * * * * * * 3 4
Asian 67 71 47 54 * * 40 47 50 44
Two or More Races 68 72 47 45 * * 32 30 50 56
Hispanic or Latino 174 158 128 137 77 82 103 112 130 97
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 480 491 305 335 167 183 245 274 346 325
Medicaid/CHIP 260 223 205 193 131 124 153 145 148 112
Other3 355 346 263 225 164 139 199 171 230 257
No Coverage 126 109 92 95 58 63 69 69 90 49
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 329 369 222 261 131 140 180 211 234 240
Part-Time 202 199 137 145 79 74 110 123 152 137
Unemployed 116 99 73 83 51 60 54 59 83 45
Other4 402 380 289 270 181 167 214 213 267 250
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.21D – Received Prescription Medication as a Type of Mental Health Service in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.22 0.22 0.69 0.65 1.34 1.31 0.73 0.75 0.20 0.18
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.33 0.30 0.90 0.84 1.91 1.71 0.98 0.93 0.25 0.24
26 or Older 0.25 0.25 0.83 0.79 1.58 1.60 0.86 0.90 0.22 0.20
26-49 0.27 0.27 0.82 0.79 1.68 1.64 0.89 0.87 0.21 0.21
50 or Older 0.39 0.39 1.61 1.55 3.26 3.54 1.62 1.68 0.35 0.33
GENDER                    
Male 0.26 0.26 1.05 1.00 2.31 2.26 1.08 1.13 0.23 0.22
Female 0.34 0.33 0.87 0.86 1.56 1.57 0.96 0.98 0.31 0.30
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.25 0.74 0.72 1.39 1.39 0.80 0.84 0.22 0.21
White 0.30 0.31 0.84 0.80 1.51 1.54 0.92 0.95 0.27 0.27
Black or African American 0.41 0.49 1.75 1.91 4.06 4.32 1.82 2.03 0.32 0.36
AIAN 1.75 2.34 * * * * * * 1.23 2.00
NHOPI 1.97 2.61 * * * * * * 0.41 0.57
Asian 0.49 0.50 2.35 2.31 * * 2.38 2.52 0.43 0.36
Two or More Races 1.56 1.57 3.47 3.64 * * 3.58 3.53 1.64 1.67
Hispanic or Latino 0.44 0.39 1.75 1.66 4.14 3.58 1.89 1.79 0.38 0.28
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.27 0.26 0.87 0.86 1.68 1.80 0.94 0.97 0.24 0.23
Medicaid/CHIP 0.63 0.57 1.46 1.50 2.21 2.53 1.70 1.66 0.55 0.42
Other3 0.48 0.48 1.80 1.65 2.84 3.11 1.94 1.70 0.39 0.43
No Coverage 0.52 0.44 1.68 1.59 3.37 3.27 1.77 1.65 0.48 0.26
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.25 0.27 0.91 0.92 2.06 1.94 0.96 1.05 0.22 0.23
Part-Time 0.58 0.57 1.60 1.53 2.81 2.87 1.79 1.82 0.58 0.53
Unemployed 1.02 0.92 2.22 2.52 4.47 4.35 2.47 2.65 1.04 0.60
Other4 0.45 0.44 1.38 1.35 2.26 2.41 1.47 1.49 0.39 0.37
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.21P – Received Prescription Medication as a Type of Mental Health Service in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
TOTAL 0.8228   0.5482   0.1997   0.1368   0.5763  
AGE GROUP                    
18-25 0.8729   0.6590   0.1449   0.6271   0.7069  
26 or Older 0.8488   0.4749   0.3706   0.1607   0.5221  
26-49 0.5948   0.6411   0.6827   0.5844   0.9267  
50 or Older 0.9316   0.5887   0.5207   0.1904   0.4901  
GENDER                    
Male 0.4767   0.7982   0.4808   0.5496   0.2086  
Female 0.4281   0.6140   0.2994   0.1874   0.7915  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8516   0.4929   0.2148   0.1182   0.7502  
White 0.8274   0.5668   0.0825   0.0912   0.8850  
Black or African American 0.7339   0.6867   0.4660   0.9201   0.9575  
AIAN 0.5219   *   *   *   0.4889  
NHOPI 0.4501   *   *   *   0.7356  
Asian 0.5015   0.1358   *   0.1508   0.6002  
Two or More Races 0.1242   0.2590   *   0.3349   0.3837  
Hispanic or Latino 0.7455   0.6906   0.9068   0.6643   0.3639  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private 0.2650   0.0728   0.5445   0.0249   0.9712  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.0077   0.1133   0.1196   0.3679   0.0035  
Other3 0.9584   0.1190   0.1629   0.4503   0.2388  
No Coverage 0.9190   0.5524   0.3003   0.9671   0.2036  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time 0.2155   0.2350   0.7739   0.1476   0.9947  
Part-Time 0.7219   0.5785   0.3379   0.2848   0.3614  
Unemployed 0.7931   0.5961   0.3046   0.9725   0.1928  
Other4 0.5969   0.5592   0.1963   0.7732   0.9314  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.22C – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility and/or Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Level of Mental Illness and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Co-Occurring Substance Use
Disorder (SUD) and Level of
Mental Illness/Age Group
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2017)
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2018)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2017)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2018)
SUD and Any Mental Illness 180 214 52 75 154 185 68 65
18-25 64 57 18 11 55 52 24 15
26 or Older 164 204 49 74 142 175 63 63
26-49 119 135 36 27 98 120 46 47
50 or Older 113 146 32 * 101 121 44 41
SUD and Serious Mental Illness 125 134 22 35 112 122 46 45
18-25 47 40 6 6 41 37 20 12
26 or Older 113 127 21 35 101 116 42 43
26-49 80 86 17 13 67 76 35 36
50 or Older * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.22D – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility and/or Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Level of Mental Illness and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Co-Occurring Substance Use
Disorder (SUD) and Level of
Mental Illness/Age Group
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2017)
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2018)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2017)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2018)
SUD and Any Mental Illness 1.45 1.49 0.60 0.79 1.37 1.45 0.76 0.68
18-25 1.86 1.71 0.73 0.45 1.88 1.68 0.91 0.62
26 or Older 1.92 1.93 0.78 1.07 1.82 1.88 1.00 0.91
26-49 1.94 1.89 0.81 0.53 1.76 1.80 1.01 0.91
50 or Older 4.54 4.68 1.79 * 4.46 5.09 2.39 2.34
SUD and Serious Mental Illness 2.28 2.12 0.71 1.09 2.36 2.41 1.42 1.36
18-25 3.10 2.75 0.66 0.68 3.15 2.82 1.92 1.30
26 or Older 2.99 2.70 0.99 1.48 3.07 3.15 1.85 1.85
26-49 3.01 3.06 1.07 0.75 2.92 3.09 2.01 1.99
50 or Older * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.22P – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility and/or Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorder and Level of Mental Illness and Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Co-Occurring Substance Use
Disorder (SUD) and Level of
Mental Illness/Age Group
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2017)
Received
Substance Use
Treatment
(SU Tx) at
a Specialty
Facility OR
Mental Health
(MH) Services
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility BUT
NOT MH
Services
(2018)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2017)
Received
MH Services
BUT NOT
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2018)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2017)
Received
SU Tx at a
Specialty
Facility AND
MH Services
(2018)
SUD and Any Mental Illness 0.8664   0.2884   0.1893   0.2266  
18-25 0.2314   0.0865   0.6824   0.0182  
26 or Older 0.6018   0.4811   0.2254   0.5500  
26-49 0.2431   0.0153   0.8106   0.3793  
50 or Older 0.0233   *   0.0889   0.9585  
SUD and Serious Mental Illness 0.0813   0.9562   0.0597   0.6439  
18-25 0.8247   0.8921   0.3325   0.1432  
26 or Older 0.0834   0.9924   0.1040   0.9611  
26-49 0.6812   0.2503   0.3278   0.7441  
50 or Older *   *   *   *  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.23C – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Location of Mental Health Services1 Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 220 202 176 173 117 128 127 110 117 90
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
357 379 244 277 140 163 195 214 234 228
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 178 170 144 141 94 92 96 109 103 93
Outpatient Medical Clinic 99 106 75 81 52 54 57 60 54 66
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 46 39 43 38 34 30 28 23 12 10
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 28 23 22 18 15 12 16 14 16 14
Some Other Place4 70 66 55 49 34 36 42 34 44 44
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.23D – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Location of Mental Health Services1 Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1.06 0.94 1.26 1.20 1.85 2.11 1.63 1.31 1.64 1.26
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
1.23 1.11 1.43 1.34 2.10 2.09 1.91 1.63 2.13 1.78
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.87 0.82 1.08 1.05 1.61 1.65 1.32 1.35 1.47 1.26
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.52 0.52 0.62 0.63 1.00 1.03 0.80 0.78 0.80 0.90
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.25 0.20 0.36 0.30 0.66 0.60 0.41 0.31 0.19 0.15
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 0.16 0.12 0.19 0.15 0.30 0.24 0.23 0.19 0.25 0.21
Some Other Place4 0.38 0.34 0.46 0.40 0.68 0.71 0.62 0.46 0.67 0.63
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.23P – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Location of Mental Health Services1 Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness2
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.0834   0.2358   0.7775   0.0784   0.1542  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
0.0019   0.0024   0.0655   0.0157   0.1614  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.1945   0.4484   0.1743   0.8228   0.2594  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.2262   0.6635   0.9708   0.5529   0.1166  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.4838   0.6770   0.7949   0.4250   0.3522  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 0.1594   0.1759   0.2967   0.3624   0.4880  
Some Other Place4 0.9654   0.7375   0.9158   0.7503   0.7469  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.24C – Types and Locations of Mental Health Services Received in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Type and Location of
Mental Health Services
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
ANY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2 608 591 442 470 264 258 339 373 474 427
Outpatient 431 442 321 357 197 216 245 272 284 265
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 220 200 176 173 117 128 127 110 117 90
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
345 362 244 277 140 163 195 214 234 228
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 176 169 144 141 94 92 96 109 103 93
Outpatient Medical Clinic 98 105 75 81 52 54 57 60 54 66
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 46 39 43 38 34 30 28 23 12 10
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 28 23 22 18 15 12 16 14 16 14
Some Other Place4 70 66 55 49 34 36 42 34 44 44
Inpatient 138 144 112 110 76 77 82 78 95 87
Prescription Medication 548 541 416 422 255 239 309 338 412 373
DID NOT RECEIVE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES 608 591 564 518 168 169 522 490 1,734 1,670
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple service types; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.24D – Types and Locations of Mental Health Services Received in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Type and Location of
Mental Health Services
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
ANY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2 0.25 0.24 0.71 0.68 1.27 1.24 0.77 0.79 0.23 0.20
Outpatient 0.18 0.18 0.59 0.59 1.27 1.29 0.63 0.63 0.14 0.13
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.09 0.08 0.37 0.35 0.96 1.05 0.36 0.29 0.06 0.04
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
0.14 0.15 0.48 0.51 1.08 1.17 0.52 0.54 0.11 0.11
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.07 0.07 0.30 0.28 0.80 0.77 0.27 0.29 0.05 0.05
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.04 0.04 0.16 0.17 0.46 0.46 0.16 0.16 0.03 0.03
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.02 0.02 0.09 0.08 0.30 0.27 0.08 0.06 0.01 0.01
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.04 0.13 0.11 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.01
Some Other Place4 0.03 0.03 0.12 0.10 0.31 0.31 0.12 0.09 0.02 0.02
Inpatient 0.06 0.06 0.24 0.23 0.65 0.66 0.23 0.21 0.05 0.04
Prescription Medication 0.22 0.22 0.69 0.65 1.34 1.31 0.73 0.75 0.20 0.18
DID NOT RECEIVE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES 0.25 0.24 0.71 0.68 1.27 1.24 0.77 0.79 0.23 0.20
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple service types; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190416
Table 8.24P – Types and Locations of Mental Health Services Received in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Type and Location of
Mental Health Services
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2017)
Any Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
ANY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2 0.5833   0.5049   0.1399   0.1132   0.8419  
Outpatient 0.1873   0.6177   0.4468   0.2526   0.2363  
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.3652   0.4120   0.9136   0.2912   0.3915  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
0.0031   0.0112   0.2924   0.0138   0.0812  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.4935   0.5945   0.1325   0.5392   0.5056  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.1350   0.5831   0.8991   0.3918   0.0787  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.6307   0.7351   0.8968   0.5013   0.4114  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center3 0.2177   0.1922   0.2540   0.4490   0.6008  
Some Other Place4 0.8690   0.7887   0.8420   0.8659   0.6150  
Inpatient 0.9773   0.9507   0.7029   0.7684   0.8985  
Prescription Medication 0.8228   0.5482   0.1997   0.1368   0.5763  
DID NOT RECEIVE MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES 0.5833   0.5049   0.1399   0.1132   0.8419  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 Respondents with no mental illness may still have received mental health treatment for a past disorder that is in partial or full remission or treatment for a disorder that was not included in the definition of mental illness or for other reasons.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple service types; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.25C – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Location of Mental Health Services1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 220 202 51 57 212 189 123 116 166 146
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
357 379 96 92 341 361 190 197 257 294
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 178 170 34 32 175 165 84 87 150 145
Outpatient Medical Clinic 99 106 19 22 98 104 52 65 83 81
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 46 39 18 19 42 35 27 29 32 19
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 28 23 24 20 13 12 13 12 * *
Some Other Place3 70 66 14 16 69 64 35 33 59 55
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.25D – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Location of Mental Health Services1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1.06 0.94 1.51 1.50 1.22 1.06 1.29 1.14 2.11 1.79
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
1.23 1.11 1.69 1.53 1.42 1.28 1.36 1.32 2.53 2.29
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.87 0.82 1.08 0.97 1.02 0.95 0.93 0.92 1.92 1.80
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.52 0.52 0.61 0.67 0.62 0.61 0.61 0.69 1.16 1.05
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.25 0.20 0.58 0.58 0.27 0.21 0.32 0.33 0.46 0.25
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.16 0.12 0.76 0.64 0.09 0.08 0.16 0.14 * *
Some Other Place3 0.38 0.34 0.47 0.50 0.45 0.39 0.42 0.39 0.85 0.73
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.25P – Locations of Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Location of Mental Health Services1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.0834   0.5715   0.0507   0.2031   0.1249  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
   Social Worker, or Counselor - Not Part of a Clinic
0.0019   0.0408   0.0057   0.4466   0.0042  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.1945   0.1857   0.2823   0.3050   0.5172  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.2262   0.8803   0.2303   0.1551   0.6315  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.4838   0.3953   0.2638   0.9783   0.1177  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.1594   0.2385   0.4213   0.4386   *  
Some Other Place3 0.9654   0.4657   0.8174   0.9154   0.8187  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health services. This location was the most commonly reported other location for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Services were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.26C – Sources of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Source of Payment1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Self or Family Member Living in Household 270 281 69 72 257 265 142 154 200 208
Family Member Not Living in Household 47 65 30 38 37 47 17 40 32 24
Private Health Insurance 274 294 61 67 264 285 150 159 206 226
Medicare 199 181 29 27 196 178 75 65 178 165
Medicaid 134 145 28 30 129 140 78 87 101 105
Rehabilitation Program 29 11 1 6 29 9 12 9 27 *
Employer 89 116 20 19 88 113 64 66 62 90
VA or Other Military Program 113 104 13 10 112 104 53 47 103 95
Other Public Source 74 68 15 16 74 65 34 39 66 53
Other Private Source 30 48 15 14 26 46 21 29 16 35
Free Treatment 85 76 40 37 77 66 49 48 58 48
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.26D – Sources of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Source of Payment1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Self or Family Member Living in Household 1.14 1.06 1.68 1.74 1.30 1.22 1.28 1.28 2.38 2.19
Family Member Not Living in Household 0.25 0.33 0.90 1.11 0.24 0.29 0.21 0.46 0.46 0.32
Private Health Insurance 1.15 1.15 1.59 1.65 1.32 1.33 1.33 1.36 2.35 2.33
Medicare 1.00 0.86 0.93 0.86 1.16 1.00 0.85 0.71 2.25 1.93
Medicaid 0.70 0.70 0.92 0.95 0.81 0.81 0.88 0.93 1.39 1.33
Rehabilitation Program 0.16 0.06 0.04 0.19 0.19 0.06 0.14 0.11 0.39 *
Employer 0.47 0.57 0.65 0.59 0.55 0.66 0.71 0.72 0.87 1.15
VA or Other Military Program 0.59 0.52 0.41 0.31 0.71 0.62 0.62 0.53 1.42 1.22
Other Public Source 0.40 0.35 0.51 0.49 0.48 0.40 0.40 0.44 0.93 0.70
Other Private Source 0.16 0.25 0.49 0.44 0.17 0.28 0.25 0.33 0.23 0.47
Free Treatment 0.45 0.39 1.20 1.12 0.50 0.40 0.58 0.53 0.82 0.64
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.26P – Sources of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Source of Payment1 Aged 18+
(2017)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18-25
(2017)
Aged 18-25
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2017)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26-49
(2017)
Aged 26-49
(2018)
Aged 50+
(2017)
Aged 50+
(2018)
Self or Family Member Living in Household 0.1621   0.1625   0.2687   0.0571   0.9173  
Family Member Not Living in Household 0.0124   0.0929   0.0282   0.0002   0.4319  
Private Health Insurance 0.0681   0.8369   0.0679   0.2567   0.1375  
Medicare 0.4823   0.2010   0.5948   0.1780   0.9259  
Medicaid 0.2577   0.6725   0.2046   0.2311   0.5125  
Rehabilitation Program 0.2373   0.2056   0.1483   0.9086   *  
Employer 0.3592   0.9589   0.3635   0.3995   0.0526  
VA or Other Military Program 0.7387   0.0630   0.8767   0.7827   0.9441  
Other Public Source 0.6724   0.8675   0.6913   0.6964   0.4787  
Other Private Source 0.1130   0.3933   0.0412   0.4116   0.0363  
Free Treatment 0.0784   0.1413   0.2215   0.3193   0.4721  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown mental health services information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for outpatient mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.27C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 338 322 239 252 232 212
AGE GROUP            
18-25 114 115 84 77 91 99
26 or Older 308 297 225 236 207 188
26-49 200 205 144 154 144 152
50 or Older 214 207 167 172 138 117
GENDER            
Male 187 177 131 133 140 123
Female 263 273 193 212 172 177
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 316 296 226 229 218 196
White 300 281 215 215 190 173
Black or African American 84 90 62 56 56 64
AIAN 17 19 * * 10 12
NHOPI * 11 * * 1 *
Asian 63 51 34 24 56 44
Two or More Races 46 37 26 30 38 26
Hispanic or Latino 98 132 76 107 66 85
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 226 221 152 168 157 147
Part-Time 127 145 96 100 84 101
Unemployed 80 66 49 50 64 45
Other3 176 193 138 154 111 110
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.27D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.14 0.13 0.61 0.62 0.11 0.10
AGE GROUP            
18-25 0.34 0.34 1.22 1.17 0.29 0.32
26 or Older 0.15 0.14 0.66 0.68 0.11 0.10
26-49 0.20 0.20 0.81 0.83 0.17 0.18
50 or Older 0.19 0.18 1.01 1.03 0.14 0.12
GENDER            
Male 0.16 0.15 0.98 1.02 0.13 0.11
Female 0.21 0.21 0.76 0.76 0.16 0.17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.15 0.14 0.63 0.62 0.12 0.11
White 0.18 0.17 0.69 0.67 0.15 0.13
Black or African American 0.27 0.30 2.08 2.17 0.20 0.24
AIAN 1.23 1.33 * * 0.85 0.94
NHOPI * 1.29 * * 0.09 *
Asian 0.44 0.36 3.87 2.68 0.42 0.34
Two or More Races 1.14 0.90 3.19 4.36 1.12 0.73
Hispanic or Latino 0.25 0.33 2.11 2.53 0.18 0.23
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.18 0.17 0.88 0.91 0.15 0.13
Part-Time 0.38 0.44 1.53 1.55 0.31 0.38
Unemployed 0.73 0.66 2.81 2.90 0.70 0.54
Other3 0.21 0.23 0.99 1.07 0.16 0.16
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.27P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.1438   0.4515   0.2307  
AGE GROUP            
18-25 0.0105   0.7311   0.0009  
26 or Older 0.4884   0.3655   0.9463  
26-49 0.0546   0.4154   0.0878  
50 or Older 0.4152   0.6433   0.0552  
GENDER            
Male 0.7914   0.2017   0.2341  
Female 0.0464   0.9503   0.0134  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9027   0.7478   0.7574  
White 0.7437   0.7047   0.8886  
Black or African American 0.6463   0.1239   0.0364  
AIAN 0.8161   *   0.9370  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian 0.2817   0.0173   0.9802  
Two or More Races 0.4286   0.3762   0.1986  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0002   0.0055   0.0079  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.2544   0.5194   0.6536  
Part-Time 0.0970   0.8518   0.0115  
Unemployed 0.4308   0.6716   0.2475  
Other3 0.6243   0.6626   0.7678  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.28C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 338 322 239 252 232 212
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 121 142 87 110 91 77
Midwest 144 148 104 106 95 98
South 189 191 149 140 124 132
West 178 165 123 137 124 115
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 289 261 189 185 196 178
Small Metro 175 190 129 149 107 102
Nonmetro 106 117 79 86 64 64
Urbanized 64 79 48 54 38 50
Less Urbanized 81 77 58 60 51 38
Completely Rural 28 39 24 31 13 17
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 141 152 100 119 90 80
100-199% 140 145 112 106 91 97
200% or More 273 257 177 193 185 169
EDUCATION            
< High School 96 106 72 91 62 56
High School Graduate 129 135 95 94 84 91
Some College/Associate's Degree 197 209 139 159 131 126
College Graduate 204 195 140 146 139 135
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 273 262 180 190 181 169
Medicaid/CHIP 149 150 117 123 88 88
Other5 154 153 123 132 90 82
No Coverage 93 108 61 74 70 80
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.28D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.14 0.13 0.61 0.62 0.11 0.10
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.28 0.33 1.16 1.41 0.24 0.22
Midwest 0.28 0.29 1.13 1.07 0.22 0.23
South 0.20 0.20 1.10 1.05 0.15 0.16
West 0.31 0.28 1.34 1.40 0.24 0.23
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.20 0.18 0.89 0.88 0.16 0.15
Small Metro 0.22 0.24 0.99 1.03 0.17 0.16
Nonmetro 0.27 0.30 1.35 1.37 0.21 0.20
Urbanized 0.38 0.44 1.87 1.86 0.29 0.34
Less Urbanized 0.40 0.42 1.98 2.22 0.32 0.26
Completely Rural 0.85 1.04 3.97 4.53 0.49 0.56
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 0.38 0.41 1.52 1.71 0.30 0.27
100-199% 0.28 0.29 1.47 1.53 0.22 0.22
200% or More 0.16 0.15 0.70 0.71 0.13 0.12
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.32 0.34 2.02 2.58 0.23 0.21
High School Graduate 0.21 0.22 1.25 1.23 0.16 0.17
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.25 0.26 0.99 1.10 0.20 0.19
College Graduate 0.25 0.23 0.96 1.00 0.21 0.20
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 0.16 0.15 0.70 0.70 0.13 0.12
Medicaid/CHIP 0.39 0.41 1.39 1.57 0.31 0.30
Other5 0.23 0.23 1.17 1.19 0.16 0.14
No Coverage 0.39 0.44 2.84 3.01 0.33 0.35
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.28P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.1438   0.4515   0.2307  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.4120   0.3152   0.5490  
Midwest 0.2414   0.5855   0.3316  
South 0.3971   0.8706   0.0583  
West 0.8134   0.6184   0.9021  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.2505   0.8530   0.1033  
Small Metro 0.6060   0.6259   0.8648  
Nonmetro 0.3783   0.2949   0.7592  
Urbanized 0.2756   0.8407   0.3976  
Less Urbanized 1.0000   0.1790   0.1106  
Completely Rural 0.4753   0.7790   0.4176  
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 0.4414   0.1140   0.6536  
100-199% 0.4111   0.8407   0.0249  
200% or More 0.3529   0.7558   0.6881  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.7441   0.2731   0.5196  
High School Graduate 0.4235   0.5888   0.3245  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.1390   0.3537   0.3196  
College Graduate 0.6845   0.5493   0.4307  
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 0.4430   0.9042   0.4834  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.6781   0.0688   0.8960  
Other5 0.7722   0.6245   0.6393  
No Coverage 0.0310   0.0216   0.2014  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.29C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 303 296 219 227 196 177
AGE GROUP            
18-25 110 111 75 68 76 83
26 or Older 279 269 207 214 178 157
26-49 189 197 138 146 126 130
50 or Older 190 176 149 152 121 92
GENDER            
Male 167 160 124 120 114 104
Female 239 248 171 194 153 147
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 284 272 208 207 184 165
White 263 252 196 194 160 144
Black or African American 76 78 58 53 50 50
AIAN * 14 * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 57 45 * 20 51 39
Two or More Races 41 35 24 * 33 24
Hispanic or Latino 89 121 68 97 58 74
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 195 195 137 151 131 127
Part-Time 111 126 84 92 72 80
Unemployed 73 58 47 45 56 37
Other3 161 171 129 136 101 91
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.29D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.58 0.54 0.96 0.93 0.65 0.63
AGE GROUP            
18-25 0.96 0.90 1.56 1.47 1.15 1.17
26 or Older 0.67 0.62 1.10 1.07 0.75 0.71
26-49 0.74 0.71 1.16 1.17 0.88 0.93
50 or Older 1.15 1.06 1.96 1.87 1.27 1.03
GENDER            
Male 0.82 0.80 1.70 1.62 0.90 0.84
Female 0.75 0.72 1.14 1.12 0.91 0.89
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.63 0.58 1.01 0.95 0.72 0.69
White 0.72 0.66 1.10 1.04 0.83 0.81
Black or African American 1.46 1.58 3.18 3.35 1.44 1.46
AIAN * 4.09 * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian 2.70 2.04 * 3.94 2.87 2.47
Two or More Races 3.29 3.15 4.68 * 4.27 3.26
Hispanic or Latino 1.40 1.54 3.16 3.33 1.40 1.54
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.86 0.75 1.47 1.39 0.92 0.89
Part-Time 1.38 1.48 2.25 2.38 1.70 1.80
Unemployed 2.29 1.99 3.81 3.67 2.82 2.13
Other3 0.94 1.03 1.57 1.63 1.14 1.09
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.29P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.8630   0.7658   0.9389  
AGE GROUP            
18-25 0.0485   0.7010   0.0169  
26 or Older 0.4184   0.7740   0.2548  
26-49 0.4241   0.7123   0.5017  
50 or Older 0.0606   0.5213   0.0116  
GENDER            
Male 0.6109   0.8501   0.3562  
Female 0.9200   0.5902   0.5418  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2507   0.2174   0.5558  
White 0.6107   0.8101   0.4872  
Black or African American 0.3633   0.0390   0.4367  
AIAN *   *   *  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian 0.1032   *   0.9627  
Two or More Races 0.9650   *   0.3729  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0145   0.0322   0.1675  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.9166   0.6474   0.9649  
Part-Time 0.1454   0.7028   0.0634  
Unemployed 0.0721   0.7688   0.0266  
Other3 0.6830   0.8836   0.6825  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.30C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 303 296 219 227 196 177
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 116 120 81 95 83 63
Midwest 132 129 99 96 75 79
South 166 173 138 124 101 111
West 165 159 107 131 110 94
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 251 227 171 166 164 146
Small Metro 158 171 118 137 95 83
Nonmetro 99 100 77 74 55 58
Urbanized 59 67 45 46 33 44
Less Urbanized 74 67 57 54 43 35
Completely Rural 28 36 * * * *
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 118 137 91 109 70 72
100-199% 131 127 106 98 81 81
200% or More 234 219 161 168 157 140
EDUCATION            
< High School 84 90 69 78 46 48
High School Graduate 116 124 84 87 74 81
Some College/Associate's Degree 176 186 129 146 115 113
College Graduate 181 160 128 124 121 103
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 233 222 159 171 150 134
Medicaid/CHIP 135 139 110 119 78 77
Other5 140 127 117 109 78 67
No Coverage 87 98 59 72 65 69
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.30D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.58 0.54 0.96 0.93 0.65 0.63
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 1.36 1.31 2.03 2.14 1.68 1.42
Midwest 1.13 1.07 1.78 1.70 1.23 1.38
South 0.90 0.89 1.70 1.57 0.95 1.05
West 1.29 1.16 2.04 2.12 1.38 1.27
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.87 0.76 1.46 1.32 0.96 0.93
Small Metro 0.90 0.92 1.48 1.56 1.01 0.95
Nonmetro 1.22 1.29 2.07 2.10 1.41 1.49
Urbanized 1.74 1.74 3.14 3.02 1.87 2.19
Less Urbanized 1.73 1.96 2.92 3.28 2.15 2.19
Completely Rural 3.49 4.43 * * * *
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 1.18 1.31 2.04 2.17 1.33 1.37
100-199% 1.15 1.15 2.08 2.14 1.24 1.22
200% or More 0.76 0.69 1.20 1.13 0.88 0.85
EDUCATION            
< High School 1.54 1.53 3.10 3.43 1.37 1.27
High School Graduate 1.06 1.06 1.97 1.85 1.13 1.14
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.89 0.94 1.41 1.51 1.07 1.11
College Graduate 1.14 1.03 1.65 1.65 1.36 1.35
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 0.76 0.69 1.18 1.15 0.84 0.83
Medicaid/CHIP 1.17 1.21 1.89 2.03 1.42 1.33
Other5 1.19 1.08 2.03 1.91 1.30 1.09
No Coverage 1.56 1.62 3.71 3.55 1.71 1.69
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.30P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.8630   0.7658   0.9389  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.3971   0.6324   0.0410  
Midwest 0.5204   0.8224   0.4920  
South 0.5890   0.3661   0.0582  
West 0.4851   0.9186   0.2835  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.5981   0.1699   0.6978  
Small Metro 0.8502   0.5008   0.2398  
Nonmetro 0.2885   0.2965   0.6184  
Urbanized 0.5452   0.6983   0.6011  
Less Urbanized 0.3662   0.2466   0.9752  
Completely Rural 0.6251   *   *  
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 0.4415   0.3307   0.8294  
100-199% 0.9624   0.7954   0.7590  
200% or More 0.4729   0.3638   0.6328  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.7477   0.6866   0.5625  
High School Graduate 0.8052   0.9955   0.7175  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.6447   0.4170   0.8661  
College Graduate 0.5627   0.1379   0.6469  
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 0.6567   0.3241   0.9432  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.8171   0.3205   0.3766  
Other5 0.3796   0.8233   0.4465  
No Coverage 0.1219   0.0647   0.6197  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.31C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 192 181 159 151 99 106
AGE GROUP            
18-25 71 71 54 49 45 50
26 or Older 181 164 151 140 88 91
26-49 127 129 101 105 71 76
50 or Older 119 104 109 97 * *
GENDER            
Male 111 106 91 79 61 64
Female 154 145 126 127 78 82
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 185 166 153 134 93 101
White 172 151 145 125 85 87
Black or African American 49 48 43 36 24 30
AIAN * * * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 48 78 37 71 33 34
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 123 113 101 87 70 73
Part-Time 73 69 64 54 38 44
Unemployed 44 45 * * * *
Other3 106 122 98 106 51 55
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.31D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 1.33 1.31 1.67 1.71 2.19 2.04
AGE GROUP            
18-25 1.79 1.71 2.26 2.29 2.83 2.64
26 or Older 1.62 1.58 1.97 2.01 2.73 2.55
26-49 1.60 1.66 1.94 2.09 2.96 2.66
50 or Older 3.27 3.33 3.85 3.99 * *
GENDER            
Male 2.20 2.19 2.97 2.94 3.28 3.10
Female 1.64 1.61 1.97 2.03 2.85 2.63
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.44 1.38 1.76 1.75 2.33 2.26
White 1.63 1.54 1.95 1.92 2.76 2.61
Black or African American 3.93 4.14 5.22 5.64 5.00 5.38
AIAN * * * * * *
NHOPI * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 3.46 3.65 4.90 5.33 5.13 4.68
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2.06 1.94 2.69 2.73 3.07 2.76
Part-Time 2.91 2.93 3.60 3.84 5.10 4.47
Unemployed 4.68 4.55 * * * *
Other3 2.17 2.57 2.60 2.94 4.42 4.53
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.31P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.5968   0.8322   0.4764  
AGE GROUP            
18-25 0.1534   0.8182   0.0653  
26 or Older 0.9410   0.8572   1.0000  
26-49 0.9877   0.7290   0.8123  
50 or Older 0.8921   0.8396   *  
GENDER            
Male 0.7118   0.6111   0.9830  
Female 0.6830   0.9677   0.3595  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5340   0.3203   0.6876  
White 0.8055   0.8612   0.4470  
Black or African American 0.2666   0.0107   0.1301  
AIAN *   *   *  
NHOPI *   *   *  
Asian *   *   *  
Two or More Races *   *   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0015   0.0007   0.3110  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.8397   0.4820   0.5017  
Part-Time 0.8813   0.7259   0.8300  
Unemployed 0.9098   *   *  
Other3 0.2858   0.2184   0.8237  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.32C – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 192 181 159 151 99 106
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 70 77 57 67 36 33
Midwest 77 88 67 73 37 52
South 114 105 101 86 55 62
West 104 97 76 77 60 59
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 146 133 117 102 77 82
Small Metro 107 107 87 97 54 50
Nonmetro 74 70 65 55 33 39
Urbanized 38 41 31 30 * *
Less Urbanized 56 53 49 43 * *
Completely Rural * * * * * *
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 82 97 71 84 39 45
100-199% 87 83 80 70 43 49
200% or More 144 129 113 104 77 81
EDUCATION            
< High School 51 56 47 60 20 *
High School Graduate 78 90 61 65 47 56
Some College/Associate's Degree 116 118 95 102 59 63
College Graduate 112 89 92 70 59 58
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 140 126 112 100 73 78
Medicaid/CHIP 91 98 83 90 36 41
Other5 94 83 88 76 * 31
No Coverage 62 76 43 60 43 47
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.32D – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 1.33 1.31 1.67 1.71 2.19 2.04
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 3.34 3.46 4.06 4.44 5.80 4.55
Midwest 2.59 2.53 3.18 3.16 3.88 3.87
South 2.15 2.30 2.86 2.86 3.29 3.66
West 2.88 2.48 3.36 3.34 4.85 3.92
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1.98 1.86 2.50 2.41 3.29 2.87
Small Metro 2.01 2.13 2.42 2.83 3.56 3.35
Nonmetro 3.04 3.19 3.95 4.11 4.77 5.26
Urbanized 4.46 4.68 5.51 5.75 * *
Less Urbanized 3.99 4.54 5.17 5.65 * *
Completely Rural * * * * * *
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 2.63 2.86 3.38 3.57 4.23 4.32
100-199% 2.50 2.75 3.27 3.53 4.13 4.27
200% or More 1.83 1.74 2.26 2.23 3.07 2.75
EDUCATION            
< High School 3.40 4.10 4.83 5.88 3.95 *
High School Graduate 2.50 2.74 3.23 3.54 3.76 3.87
Some College/Associate's Degree 1.96 1.94 2.37 2.48 3.59 3.16
College Graduate 2.78 2.67 3.36 3.19 5.11 4.69
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 1.82 1.74 2.17 2.22 3.07 2.79
Medicaid/CHIP 2.42 2.57 2.91 3.20 4.25 4.13
Other5 3.04 3.17 3.44 3.73 * 5.15
No Coverage 3.28 3.45 5.30 4.13 4.21 4.92
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.32P – Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES2
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL 0.5968   0.8322   0.4764  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.8947   0.6634   0.4432  
Midwest 0.1147   0.5419   0.0332  
South 0.8180   0.3340   0.2533  
West 0.9913   0.5002   0.3370  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.6139   0.5210   0.0776  
Small Metro 0.7122   0.6164   0.1473  
Nonmetro 0.3936   0.3736   0.8538  
Urbanized 0.5264   0.7081   *  
Less Urbanized 0.2605   0.0718   *  
Completely Rural *   *   *  
POVERTY LEVEL3            
Less Than 100% 0.7696   0.6675   0.9943  
100-199% 0.9763   0.6343   0.6245  
200% or More 0.6162   0.8755   0.2421  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.3227   0.8317   *  
High School Graduate 0.8326   0.4151   0.3337  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.0865   0.1257   0.3915  
College Graduate 0.0833   0.0264   0.8141  
HEALTH INSURANCE4            
Private 0.8059   0.3559   0.3557  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.8701   0.4868   0.4723  
Other5 0.8520   0.5964   *  
No Coverage 0.0118   0.0387   0.1534  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
1 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
2 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.33C – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 348 337 239 252 232 212
Could Not Afford Cost 211 183 146 126 138 131
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 91 88 68 59 62 67
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 100 84 63 62 73 57
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 85 91 53 68 63 59
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 124 127 93 90 79 92
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 148 154 110 112 102 102
Concerned about Confidentiality 94 81 59 47 66 68
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 90 98 67 70 56 67
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 93 92 61 66 69 66
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 168 168 114 123 128 119
Treatment Would Not Help 103 109 70 83 73 65
Did Not Have Time 144 140 102 103 103 94
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 93 76 53 41 78 64
No Transportation/Inconvenient 60 72 50 59 33 38
Some Other Reason4 97 105 81 87 56 60
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.33D – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Could Not Afford Cost 1.12 1.09 1.61 1.51 1.54 1.47
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 0.64 0.61 0.94 0.80 0.91 0.94
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.70 0.58 0.87 0.83 1.05 0.80
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.60 0.60 0.74 0.88 0.91 0.82
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 0.80 0.81 1.18 1.15 1.09 1.20
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.95 0.92 1.40 1.34 1.34 1.25
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.67 0.55 0.82 0.66 0.95 0.93
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 0.64 0.65 0.93 0.93 0.84 0.93
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.65 0.62 0.83 0.85 1.01 0.94
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 1.07 0.99 1.43 1.43 1.57 1.42
Treatment Would Not Help 0.72 0.72 0.96 1.06 1.06 0.91
Did Not Have Time 0.93 0.85 1.27 1.23 1.39 1.19
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.67 0.52 0.72 0.56 1.14 0.91
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.44 0.49 0.70 0.79 0.51 0.55
Some Other Reason4 0.68 0.70 1.09 1.10 0.84 0.84
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.33P – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION da   da   da  
Could Not Afford Cost 0.1208   0.0860   0.7327  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 0.6456   0.2868   0.6817  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.3005   0.9193   0.1750  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.9817   0.5856   0.5938  
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 0.7596   0.3832   0.1920  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.8677   0.7970   0.9494  
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.4176   0.0688   0.7082  
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 0.3430   0.6879   0.3617  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.5808   0.7849   0.6239  
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 0.0632   0.4098   0.0728  
Treatment Would Not Help 0.7207   0.3753   0.1537  
Did Not Have Time 0.4710   0.9444   0.2761  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.1731   0.2606   0.3558  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.5045   0.4140   0.9208  
Some Other Reason4 0.0855   0.3264   0.1280  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.34C – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 303 296 219 227 196 177
Could Not Afford Cost 192 167 139 121 118 113
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 85 75 64 57 56 52
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 88 77 61 58 59 50
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 80 78 51 56 59 54
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 115 116 88 85 66 78
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 137 142 104 101 92 92
Concerned about Confidentiality 80 69 57 45 52 55
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 86 92 65 69 53 60
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 80 84 51 62 59 57
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 147 144 104 112 111 95
Treatment Would Not Help 93 96 68 75 62 56
Did Not Have Time 121 127 91 96 84 81
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 84 66 51 38 68 53
No Transportation/Inconvenient 56 68 47 59 30 33
Some Other Reason4 87 98 73 81 51 56
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.34D – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Could Not Afford Cost 1.23 1.22 1.71 1.68 1.73 1.70
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 0.73 0.66 1.01 0.90 1.06 1.00
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.75 0.67 0.96 0.92 1.12 0.98
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.69 0.65 0.80 0.87 1.10 1.01
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 0.92 0.93 1.28 1.26 1.22 1.41
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1.05 1.07 1.50 1.44 1.57 1.51
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.69 0.60 0.91 0.75 1.00 1.04
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 0.74 0.78 1.04 1.08 1.01 1.13
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.68 0.71 0.81 0.94 1.14 1.11
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 1.12 1.04 1.49 1.50 1.70 1.57
Treatment Would Not Help 0.79 0.80 1.06 1.12 1.16 1.08
Did Not Have Time 0.98 0.97 1.34 1.34 1.51 1.39
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.73 0.57 0.80 0.61 1.28 1.01
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.50 0.58 0.76 0.91 0.61 0.63
Some Other Reason4 0.75 0.82 1.14 1.19 1.01 1.08
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.34P – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Any Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION da   da   da  
Could Not Afford Cost 0.3861   0.2182   0.8141  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 0.6055   0.5013   0.9912  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.5132   0.8603   0.4263  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.9502   0.8334   0.8083  
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 0.4670   0.6538   0.1215  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.7661   0.7324   0.9963  
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.6392   0.1009   0.3703  
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 0.2579   0.4038   0.4828  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.3222   0.3006   0.6968  
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 0.0644   0.5232   0.0492  
Treatment Would Not Help 0.9097   0.5187   0.3722  
Did Not Have Time 0.4755   0.3068   0.9445  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.1648   0.2437   0.3966  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.4400   0.2119   0.6150  
Some Other Reason4 0.0318   0.2385   0.0475  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Any Mental Illness (AMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.35C – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 192 181 159 151 99 106
Could Not Afford Cost 129 117 102 91 70 74
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 53 57 40 44 35 39
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 59 59 43 48 39 33
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 50 60 38 47 33 39
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 77 84 66 62 37 56
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 99 105 78 81 55 59
Concerned about Confidentiality 56 55 43 38 34 40
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 69 73 59 57 37 45
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 47 56 41 47 23 32
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 93 84 74 66 55 51
Treatment Would Not Help 63 61 44 47 43 38
Did Not Have Time 79 79 67 65 38 44
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 45 50 34 31 30 38
No Transportation/Inconvenient 42 55 39 49 16 24
Some Other Reason4 55 72 48 60 27 41
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.35D – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Could Not Afford Cost 1.84 1.82 2.25 2.25 3.00 2.67
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 1.06 1.04 1.23 1.28 2.01 1.94
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 1.13 1.09 1.25 1.39 2.25 1.68
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.98 1.11 1.12 1.38 1.96 1.96
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 1.41 1.49 1.80 1.76 2.12 2.63
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 1.68 1.76 2.05 2.13 2.78 2.69
Concerned about Confidentiality 1.09 1.02 1.27 1.16 1.93 1.95
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 1.31 1.32 1.68 1.64 2.16 2.16
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.91 1.04 1.18 1.37 1.43 1.64
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 1.65 1.40 1.97 1.79 2.86 2.32
Treatment Would Not Help 1.19 1.13 1.30 1.36 2.38 1.92
Did Not Have Time 1.44 1.37 1.81 1.79 2.25 2.05
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.88 0.93 0.99 0.95 1.81 1.87
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.83 1.02 1.13 1.41 1.00 1.21
Some Other Reason4 1.05 1.31 1.37 1.69 1.60 2.04
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190417
Table 8.35P – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Services in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness and a Perceived Unmet Need for Mental Health Services in Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Services: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Reason Did Not Receive Mental Health Services1 Total2 MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES3
Received Not Received
2017 2018 2017 2018 2017 2018
TOTAL POPULATION da   da   da  
Could Not Afford Cost 0.9853   0.5910   0.5749  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 0.6032   0.3599   0.6492  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.7686   0.2856   0.3234  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any Mental Health Services 0.3075   0.1547   0.7481  
Health Insurance Does Not Pay Enough for Mental Health Services 0.2327   0.5523   0.2313  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.7748   0.7057   0.8938  
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.4730   0.7998   0.5968  
Concerned about Being Committed/Having to Take Medicine 0.4876   0.7747   0.5180  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 0.5070   0.7506   0.4222  
Thought Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 0.1655   0.5076   0.1305  
Treatment Would Not Help 0.9365   0.5440   0.5601  
Did Not Have Time 0.6133   0.5863   0.7899  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.7488   0.9557   0.8244  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.2218   0.1505   0.9881  
Some Other Reason4 0.2191   0.2142   0.6893  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of SMI that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
NOTE: Perception of unmet need was asked of all respondents regardless of their mental health. Respondents with unknown perception of unmet need information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving mental health services; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 The Total column includes respondents with unknown mental health services information.
3 Mental Health Services for adults includes inpatient treatment/counseling, outpatient treatment/counseling, or use of prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents with unknown mental health service information were excluded.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.36C – Major Depressive Episode in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 383 379 227 227 296 303
18-25 117 115 72 70 91 94
18-20 83 76 50 43 66 64
21-25 101 102 59 61 78 81
26 or Older 362 356 214 213 275 282
26-49 224 225 132 146 166 166
26-29 104 120 60 81 85 85
30-34 98 114 72 74 70 80
35-39 93 94 48 63 78 72
40-44 100 96 59 59 81 75
45-49 94 87 59 50 72 74
50 or Older 267 274 159 164 211 223
50-54 135 156 83 99 103 111
55-59 143 140 86 89 107 109
60-64 129 122 73 72 106 99
65 or Older 145 153 87 80 117 132
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.36D – Major Depressive Episode in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.23 0.24
18-25 0.34 0.34 0.42 0.42 0.54 0.56
18-20 0.58 0.54 0.72 0.60 0.95 0.93
21-25 0.43 0.44 0.55 0.57 0.64 0.68
26 or Older 0.17 0.17 0.21 0.21 0.25 0.25
26-49 0.23 0.23 0.27 0.30 0.33 0.33
26-29 0.54 0.61 0.67 0.86 0.85 0.90
30-34 0.44 0.49 0.63 0.65 0.62 0.69
35-39 0.43 0.42 0.46 0.58 0.70 0.63
40-44 0.49 0.48 0.60 0.59 0.77 0.73
45-49 0.45 0.43 0.58 0.52 0.68 0.71
50 or Older 0.24 0.24 0.31 0.31 0.36 0.37
50-54 0.63 0.74 0.83 0.98 0.91 1.01
55-59 0.65 0.64 0.81 0.88 0.93 0.91
60-64 0.63 0.58 0.71 0.69 1.04 0.96
65 or Older 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.35 0.43 0.47
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.36P – Major Depressive Episode in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5561   0.9272   0.4104  
18-25 0.1538   0.5068   0.1980  
18-20 0.5097   0.5708   0.1772  
21-25 0.1994   0.2004   0.5514  
26 or Older 0.8162   0.7891   0.6044  
26-49 0.2796   0.2991   0.5535  
26-29 0.0150   0.0230   0.1805  
30-34 0.1653   0.8365   0.0375  
35-39 0.8270   0.2646   0.2349  
40-44 0.3300   0.9016   0.2909  
45-49 0.7048   0.2944   0.8168  
50 or Older 0.6131   0.2335   0.7881  
50-54 0.6040   0.9614   0.4159  
55-59 0.4905   0.6822   0.5227  
60-64 0.3540   0.1595   0.8762  
65 or Older 0.9196   0.5504   0.5966  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.37C – Major Depressive Episode with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 297 311 180 184 228 244
18-25 98 93 62 57 76 74
18-20 68 62 44 34 51 51
21-25 79 77 47 48 63 60
26 or Older 280 293 166 175 216 226
26-49 179 189 107 122 135 138
26-29 90 100 49 70 73 69
30-34 77 96 52 64 56 64
35-39 78 76 42 47 65 59
40-44 80 81 45 50 66 62
45-49 72 67 47 41 53 54
50 or Older 206 222 122 125 158 180
50-54 98 133 62 72 69 103
55-59 121 110 71 73 92 84
60-64 87 97 54 50 68 81
65 or Older 106 113 55 56 90 99
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.37D – Major Depressive Episode with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.12 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.19
18-25 0.29 0.28 0.37 0.34 0.45 0.44
18-20 0.50 0.46 0.65 0.49 0.79 0.78
21-25 0.35 0.34 0.44 0.46 0.55 0.52
26 or Older 0.13 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.20 0.20
26-49 0.18 0.19 0.22 0.25 0.27 0.27
26-29 0.48 0.53 0.55 0.76 0.74 0.73
30-34 0.35 0.41 0.47 0.56 0.51 0.55
35-39 0.37 0.34 0.41 0.44 0.59 0.52
40-44 0.40 0.41 0.47 0.51 0.64 0.61
45-49 0.35 0.34 0.47 0.42 0.52 0.54
50 or Older 0.18 0.20 0.23 0.24 0.27 0.30
50-54 0.46 0.63 0.63 0.71 0.61 0.95
55-59 0.55 0.51 0.67 0.72 0.79 0.71
60-64 0.43 0.47 0.53 0.49 0.67 0.79
65 or Older 0.22 0.22 0.25 0.25 0.33 0.36
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.37P – Major Depressive Episode with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Age Category Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Male
(2017)
Male
(2018)
Female
(2017)
Female
(2018)
TOTAL 0.3331   0.4036   0.5435  
18-25 0.4220   0.3434   0.7901  
18-20 0.7758   0.6868   0.4760  
21-25 0.4236   0.1162   0.7928  
26 or Older 0.4136   0.5465   0.5441  
26-49 0.3361   0.1118   0.9875  
26-29 0.0804   0.0537   0.4701  
30-34 0.0939   0.2025   0.2681  
35-39 0.4485   0.6931   0.1938  
40-44 0.4015   0.8092   0.2317  
45-49 0.8027   0.4648   0.3933  
50 or Older 0.7593   0.5381   0.4074  
50-54 0.1087   0.8397   0.0201  
55-59 0.4007   0.8636   0.1745  
60-64 0.7078   0.1559   0.5901  
65 or Older 0.8179   0.9173   0.8313  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.38C – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Gender/Age Group Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 383 379 297 311 334 333 259 285
18-25 117 115 98 93 93 91 80 73
26 or Older 362 356 280 293 323 312 248 267
26-49 224 225 179 189 188 191 147 160
50 or Older 267 274 206 222 252 254 198 209
MALE 227 227 180 184 189 185 152 159
18-25 72 70 62 57 48 49 43 39
26 or Older 214 213 166 175 184 177 146 154
26-49 132 146 107 122 102 110 82 95
50 or Older 159 164 122 125 145 147 116 *
FEMALE 296 303 228 244 260 271 201 227
18-25 91 94 76 74 76 74 65 57
26 or Older 275 282 216 226 248 252 192 211
26-49 166 166 135 138 149 147 121 123
50 or Older 211 223 158 180 196 206 151 171
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.38D – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Gender/Age Group Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.15 0.12 0.13 1.01 0.96 1.13 1.18
18-25 0.34 0.34 0.29 0.28 1.40 1.36 1.82 1.65
26 or Older 0.17 0.17 0.13 0.14 1.24 1.19 1.34 1.43
26-49 0.23 0.23 0.18 0.19 1.36 1.37 1.62 1.67
50 or Older 0.24 0.24 0.18 0.20 2.15 2.18 2.18 2.43
MALE 0.19 0.19 0.15 0.16 1.79 1.76 2.06 2.17
18-25 0.42 0.42 0.37 0.34 2.26 2.17 2.98 2.56
26 or Older 0.21 0.21 0.16 0.17 2.29 2.25 2.57 2.79
26-49 0.27 0.30 0.22 0.25 2.55 2.39 3.09 3.01
50 or Older 0.31 0.31 0.23 0.24 3.68 4.48 3.75 *
FEMALE 0.23 0.24 0.18 0.19 1.17 1.15 1.29 1.39
18-25 0.54 0.56 0.45 0.44 1.76 1.71 2.20 2.06
26 or Older 0.25 0.25 0.20 0.20 1.41 1.38 1.51 1.64
26-49 0.33 0.33 0.27 0.27 1.45 1.58 1.70 1.96
50 or Older 0.36 0.37 0.27 0.30 2.58 2.36 2.69 2.60
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.38P – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Gender/Age Group Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5561   0.3331   0.1396   0.0319  
18-25 0.1538   0.4220   0.5822   0.1639  
26 or Older 0.8162   0.4136   0.1829   0.0655  
26-49 0.2796   0.3361   0.1453   0.1081  
50 or Older 0.6131   0.7593   0.7868   0.3345  
MALE 0.9272   0.4036   0.5382   0.4258  
18-25 0.5068   0.3434   0.3623   0.3792  
26 or Older 0.7891   0.5465   0.7818   0.6043  
26-49 0.2991   0.1118   0.6513   0.4179  
50 or Older 0.2335   0.5381   0.7089   *  
FEMALE 0.4104   0.5435   0.1233   0.0372  
18-25 0.1980   0.7901   0.9373   0.3019  
26 or Older 0.6044   0.5441   0.0981   0.0481  
26-49 0.5535   0.9875   0.0160   0.0061  
50 or Older 0.7881   0.4074   0.8751   0.7834  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.39C – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 383 379 297 311 334 333 259 285
GENDER                
Male 227 227 180 184 189 185 152 159
Female 296 303 228 244 260 271 201 227
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 359 351 278 286 314 317 240 262
White 341 339 257 266 294 290 223 234
Black or African American 102 127 87 102 86 107 74 87
AIAN 21 25 20 22 * * * *
NHOPI 13 22 13 22 * * * *
Asian 68 71 58 53 43 46 * *
Two or More Races 49 55 41 42 41 50 38 *
Hispanic or Latino 127 140 93 115 101 117 78 97
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 232 260 171 204 181 208 130 169
Part-Time 130 132 101 101 112 109 91 82
Unemployed 87 85 71 70 76 71 61 61
Other3 242 246 198 210 222 221 185 192
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.39D – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.15 0.12 0.13 1.01 0.96 1.13 1.18
GENDER                
Male 0.19 0.19 0.15 0.16 1.79 1.76 2.06 2.17
Female 0.23 0.24 0.18 0.19 1.17 1.15 1.29 1.39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.17 0.17 0.14 0.14 1.03 1.04 1.16 1.21
White 0.21 0.21 0.16 0.16 1.15 1.19 1.26 1.34
Black or African American 0.34 0.41 0.29 0.34 3.07 3.00 3.46 3.73
AIAN 1.56 1.77 1.48 1.57 * * * *
NHOPI 1.46 2.34 1.40 2.29 * * * *
Asian 0.49 0.49 0.41 0.36 5.62 5.15 * *
Two or More Races 1.22 1.25 1.02 0.98 4.59 5.19 4.97 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.32 0.35 0.24 0.29 3.06 2.80 3.89 3.58
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.18 0.20 0.14 0.16 1.59 1.48 1.91 1.86
Part-Time 0.40 0.40 0.31 0.32 1.92 2.13 2.24 2.70
Unemployed 0.79 0.83 0.66 0.68 3.74 3.55 4.54 4.31
Other3 0.30 0.30 0.24 0.25 1.71 1.76 1.66 1.85
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.39P – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5561   0.3331   0.1396   0.0319  
GENDER                
Male 0.9272   0.4036   0.5382   0.4258  
Female 0.4104   0.5435   0.1233   0.0372  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9748   0.7357   0.2136   0.0388  
White 0.7012   0.6780   0.2340   0.0423  
Black or African American 0.2047   0.9296   0.6540   0.5920  
AIAN 0.8340   0.9860   *   *  
NHOPI 0.4420   0.5110   *   *  
Asian 0.8623   0.7208   0.7800   *  
Two or More Races 0.5277   0.7569   0.8815   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0708   0.0509   0.6332   0.7284  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.1410   0.0248   0.3257   0.5838  
Part-Time 0.6537   0.5174   0.0099   0.0012  
Unemployed 0.6606   0.9229   0.6034   0.8397  
Other3 0.7682   0.8256   0.0859   0.0397  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.40C – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 383 379 297 311 334 333 259 285
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 145 150 104 125 134 138 92 111
Midwest 158 173 121 146 136 156 108 136
South 219 223 182 178 197 195 164 164
West 195 210 156 162 166 180 135 145
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 302 318 222 240 252 257 189 202
Small Metro 229 233 171 188 187 199 147 168
Nonmetro 166 148 138 129 136 123 119 111
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 172 169 140 144 142 144 126 127
100-199% 163 174 124 131 143 146 112 118
200% or More 313 312 229 242 256 257 189 209
EDUCATION                
< High School 111 131 93 113 93 117 80 103
High School Graduate 186 186 144 151 158 149 130 131
Some College/Associate's Degree 229 234 174 199 196 201 157 175
College Graduate 223 220 161 157 183 186 133 132
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 296 322 216 244 244 266 183 210
Medicaid/CHIP 175 179 145 150 155 160 132 142
Other5 212 200 166 170 205 184 162 155
No Coverage 118 126 96 88 74 82 66 64
OVERALL HEALTH6                
Excellent 124 116 89 80 91 96 70 65
Very Good 195 220 150 170 150 173 120 135
Good 210 222 154 178 188 186 134 156
Fair/Poor 201 208 171 185 183 186 158 170
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.40D – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.16 0.15 0.12 0.13 1.01 0.96 1.13 1.18
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.33 0.35 0.24 0.29 2.28 2.14 2.98 2.74
Midwest 0.31 0.34 0.24 0.28 1.85 1.90 2.08 2.08
South 0.24 0.24 0.20 0.19 1.66 1.78 1.87 1.98
West 0.34 0.36 0.27 0.28 2.08 1.99 2.29 2.75
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.21 0.22 0.16 0.17 1.44 1.41 1.71 1.76
Small Metro 0.28 0.29 0.22 0.24 1.53 1.60 1.72 1.81
Nonmetro 0.42 0.36 0.37 0.33 2.30 2.38 2.52 2.85
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 0.47 0.46 0.40 0.41 2.07 2.05 2.11 2.37
100-199% 0.33 0.34 0.26 0.27 1.88 2.32 1.90 2.60
200% or More 0.18 0.18 0.14 0.14 1.32 1.21 1.60 1.55
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.37 0.42 0.31 0.37 3.23 3.05 3.77 3.51
High School Graduate 0.30 0.29 0.24 0.24 2.02 2.19 2.16 2.57
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.28 0.30 0.22 0.26 1.50 1.45 1.63 1.66
College Graduate 0.28 0.26 0.20 0.19 1.92 1.87 2.44 2.42
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.17 0.18 0.13 0.14 1.27 1.22 1.53 1.53
Medicaid/CHIP 0.45 0.48 0.39 0.40 1.68 1.84 1.72 2.20
Other5 0.31 0.30 0.25 0.25 1.92 2.05 1.75 2.40
No Coverage 0.49 0.50 0.41 0.36 2.93 2.89 3.42 3.20
OVERALL HEALTH6                
Excellent 0.23 0.22 0.17 0.15 2.93 3.01 3.78 3.90
Very Good 0.22 0.24 0.17 0.18 1.71 1.70 2.07 2.20
Good 0.29 0.30 0.22 0.24 1.72 1.80 2.04 2.16
Fair/Poor 0.58 0.58 0.50 0.53 1.74 1.85 1.61 1.89
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190418
Table 8.40P – Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2017)
Had MDE
(2018)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2017)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2018)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2017)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
Past Year
among Persons
with MDE
with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2018)
TOTAL 0.5561   0.3331   0.1396   0.0319  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.5237   0.2365   0.9045   0.9222  
Midwest 0.4417   0.1921   0.4437   0.5048  
South 0.6500   0.9077   0.2360   0.3235  
West 0.5981   0.8110   0.4772   0.0199  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.3937   0.4715   0.3188   0.1376  
Small Metro 0.8983   0.4613   0.4571   0.3274  
Nonmetro 0.6701   0.9444   0.3651   0.1704  
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 0.6688   0.6035   0.1800   0.0195  
100-199% 0.5910   0.2436   0.0765   0.0258  
200% or More 0.4093   0.1068   0.9775   0.9767  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.5444   0.4790   0.5283   0.3722  
High School Graduate 0.9406   0.6676   0.0865   0.0566  
Some College/Associate's Degree 0.2571   0.2009   0.1350   0.0566  
College Graduate 0.7029   0.6149   0.8859   0.4599  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.4718   0.1847   0.9248   0.2510  
Medicaid/CHIP 0.8099   0.7394   0.0660   0.0528  
Other5 0.3563   0.7789   0.3520   0.0336  
No Coverage 0.1424   0.8012   0.8300   0.6874  
OVERALL HEALTH6                
Excellent 0.6990   0.8142   0.7469   0.6409  
Very Good 0.0264   0.2433   0.9894   0.9143  
Good 0.4869   0.6639   0.3898   0.0752  
Fair/Poor 0.6597   0.9670   0.0359   0.0500  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown treatment for depression data were excluded.
3 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
6 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.41C – Level of Mental Illness and Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and MDE with Severe Impairment Status in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Use Disorder Status and Past Year Substance Use Disorder for Specific Substances: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance Use
Disorder Status
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
MDE2
(2017)
MDE2
(2018)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2017)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2018)
No
MDE2
(2017)
No
MDE2
(2018)
TOTAL POPULATION 0 0 673 644 307 300 592 562 673 644 383 379 297 311 383 379
ILLICIT DRUGS 211 269 161 189 104 120 125 131 135 169 105 132 94 111 178 211
Marijuana 150 168 111 110 69 60 83 91 90 116 67 80 59 57 122 140
Cocaine 87 94 75 66 47 50 57 37 44 63 39 49 36 45 74 77
Heroin 68 88 57 * 39 * 42 * 34 * 35 * 29 23 55 *
Hallucinogens * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Inhalants * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Methamphetamine 91 96 66 84 43 68 51 48 61 44 40 73 39 61 79 63
Misuse of
   Psychotherapeutics
131 152 106 117 73 80 75 84 74 83 73 83 66 67 104 115
Pain Relievers 110 135 90 101 60 64 63 77 62 75 59 69 53 51 90 104
Stimulants 55 54 48 46 33 35 34 30 26 25 35 34 32 34 42 38
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 68 72 57 66 44 42 39 50 34 30 43 52 42 39 50 49
Tranquilizers 62 67 51 64 40 41 35 49 33 18 37 51 37 38 48 43
Sedatives * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 124 156 100 107 66 67 74 80 71 100 64 71 56 52 102 127
Illicit Drugs Other
   Than Marijuana4
174 208 134 152 87 109 103 95 107 127 87 112 79 95 146 160
ALCOHOL 345 371 206 238 124 117 166 199 270 261 126 141 109 110 318 335
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS
AND ALCOHOL
112 148 94 114 64 76 72 80 67 89 59 80 55 72 97 119
ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL
398 434 252 284 154 153 196 222 301 298 159 177 137 144 359 373
ILLICIT DRUGS ONLY 173 208 128 143 82 92 100 103 113 141 89 103 77 82 146 170
ALCOHOL ONLY 323 333 181 205 104 92 150 178 260 245 110 114 92 83 299 305
NO SUBSTANCE USE
DISORDER
1,938 1,905 659 673 257 263 587 593 1,771 1,690 352 336 264 281 1,868 1,835
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
2 Respondents with unknown past year MDE information were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
4 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.41D – Level of Mental Illness and Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and MDE with Severe Impairment Status in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Use Disorder Status and Past Year Substance Use Disorder for Specific Substances: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2017 and 2018
Substance Use
Disorder Status
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
MDE2
(2017)
MDE2
(2018)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2017)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2018)
No
MDE2
(2017)
No
MDE2
(2018)
TOTAL POPULATION 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.26 0.12 0.12 0.24 0.23 0.27 0.26 0.16 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.16 0.15
ILLICIT DRUGS 0.00 0.00 1.51 1.60 1.33 1.32 1.49 1.42 1.51 1.60 1.36 1.42 1.27 1.27 1.36 1.42
Marijuana 0.00 0.00 1.91 1.95 1.68 1.38 1.86 1.89 1.91 1.95 1.65 1.75 1.52 1.37 1.65 1.75
Cocaine 0.00 0.00 4.07 4.65 4.18 4.14 4.46 3.36 4.07 4.65 3.60 4.19 3.55 3.98 3.60 4.19
Heroin 0.00 0.00 4.34 * 4.84 * 5.13 * 4.34 * 4.76 * 4.19 4.82 4.76 *
Hallucinogens * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Inhalants * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Methamphetamine 0.00 0.00 4.79 3.75 4.09 4.46 4.56 4.11 4.79 3.75 3.94 5.02 3.85 4.50 3.94 5.02
Misuse of
   Psychotherapeutics
0.00 0.00 2.58 2.68 2.52 2.80 2.60 2.73 2.58 2.68 2.54 2.69 2.43 2.55 2.54 2.69
Pain Relievers 0.00 0.00 3.23 3.51 3.11 3.50 3.13 3.60 3.23 3.51 3.18 3.36 2.98 3.00 3.18 3.36
Stimulants 0.00 0.00 4.44 4.23 5.10 5.19 5.17 4.76 4.44 4.23 5.31 5.08 5.08 5.24 5.31 5.08
Tranquilizers or Sedatives 0.00 0.00 3.83 3.99 4.55 5.02 4.44 5.29 3.83 3.99 4.22 5.29 4.54 4.96 4.22 5.29
Tranquilizers 0.00 0.00 4.10 3.03 4.72 5.30 4.57 5.60 4.10 3.03 4.37 5.46 4.65 5.21 4.37 5.46
Sedatives * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids 0.00 0.00 2.86 3.71 2.75 3.12 2.88 3.31 2.86 3.71 2.76 3.04 2.55 2.63 2.76 3.04
Illicit Drugs Other
   Than Marijuana4
0.00 0.00 2.05 2.24 1.88 2.06 2.05 1.91 2.05 2.24 1.89 2.09 1.79 1.94 1.89 2.09
ALCOHOL 0.00 0.00 1.15 1.16 0.84 0.75 1.00 1.08 1.15 1.16 0.85 0.90 0.76 0.72 0.85 0.90
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS
AND ALCOHOL
0.00 0.00 2.63 2.77 2.58 2.50 2.64 2.58 2.63 2.77 2.48 2.67 2.36 2.44 2.48 2.67
ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL
0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.76 0.70 0.88 0.90 1.02 1.00 0.79 0.80 0.71 0.67 0.79 0.80
ILLICIT DRUGS ONLY 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.98 1.54 1.56 1.78 1.79 1.80 1.98 1.67 1.74 1.51 1.46 1.67 1.74
ALCOHOL ONLY 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.26 0.83 0.72 1.09 1.19 1.23 1.26 0.87 0.89 0.75 0.68 0.87 0.89
NO SUBSTANCE USE
DISORDER
0.00 0.00 0.26 0.26 0.11 0.11 0.24 0.23 0.26 0.26 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.14
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. These mental illness estimates are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
2 Respondents with unknown past year MDE information were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
4 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.41P – Level of Mental Illness and Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and MDE with Severe Impairment Status in Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Use Disorder Status and Past Year Substance Use Disorder for Specific Substances: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2018 Versus 2017
Substance Use
Disorder Status
Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
MDE2
(2017)
MDE2
(2018)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2017)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2018)
No
MDE2
(2017)
No
MDE2
(2018)
TOTAL POPULATION da   0.4580   0.8010   0.4742   0.4580   0.5561   0.3331   0.5561  
ILLICIT DRUGS da   0.9756   0.4124   0.4729   0.9756   0.1346   0.4697   0.1346  
Marijuana da   0.8943   0.3742   0.5642   0.8943   0.1579   0.9748   0.1579  
Cocaine da   0.2279   0.5949   0.0543   0.2279   0.3982   0.7188   0.3982  
Heroin da   *   *   *   *   *   0.8719   *  
Hallucinogens *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
Inhalants *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
Methamphetamine da   0.2298   0.0170   0.2328   0.2298   0.0255   0.1286   0.0255  
Misuse of
   Psychotherapeutics
da   0.7063   0.6114   0.8816   0.7063   0.9834   0.9080   0.9834  
Pain Relievers da   0.9895   0.7177   0.7237   0.9895   0.4361   0.3188   0.4361  
Stimulants da   0.8367   0.3452   0.2459   0.8367   0.4020   0.5937   0.4020  
Tranquilizers or Sedatives da   0.2357   0.6241   0.6414   0.2357   0.4348   0.8550   0.4348  
Tranquilizers da   0.0350   0.4157   0.4910   0.0350   0.1856   0.6895   0.1856  
Sedatives *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *  
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids da   0.9018   0.6669   0.7737   0.9018   0.4245   0.3762   0.4245  
Illicit Drugs Other
   Than Marijuana4
da   0.9058   0.1389   0.1711   0.9058   0.1690   0.3291   0.1690  
ALCOHOL da   0.1174   0.3782   0.0131   0.1174   0.7600   0.3094   0.7600  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS
AND ALCOHOL
da   0.9490   0.9407   0.8919   0.9490   0.3593   0.8615   0.3593  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL
da   0.1699   0.8802   0.0885   0.1699   0.3701   0.6989   0.3701  
ILLICIT DRUGS ONLY da   0.9452   0.3072   0.3301   0.9452   0.2673   0.4727   0.2673  
ALCOHOL ONLY da   0.1603   0.1561   0.0116   0.1603   0.6423   0.0797   0.6423  
NO SUBSTANCE USE
DISORDER
da   0.8433   0.8409   0.9006   0.8433   0.9136   0.2508   0.9136  
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Mental Illness aligns with DSM-IV criteria and is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder. Estimates of serious mental illness (SMI) that are used in the comparisons are a subset of estimates of any mental illness (AMI) because SMI is limited to persons with AMI that resulted in serious functional impairment. The mental illness estimates that are used in the comparisons are based on a predictive model and are not direct measures of diagnostic status.
2 Respondents with unknown past year MDE information were excluded.
3 Respondents with unknown impairment data were excluded.
4 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017 and 2018.
190419
Table 8.42C – Substance Use in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Level of Mental Illness and Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) and MDE with Severe Impairment Status: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2017 and 2018
Substance Total
(2017)
Total
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
Any
Mental
Illness
Excluding
Serious
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2017)
No
Mental
Illness1
(2018)
MDE2
(2017)
MDE2
(2018)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2017)
MDE with
Severe
Impairment2,3
(2018)
No
MDE2
(2017)
No
MDE2
(2018)
PAST YEAR USE
Illicit Drugs 646 714 386 411 200 214 326 329 577 623 231 261 187