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200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alabama 9.53 (8.38 - 10.81) 3.48 (2.88 - 4.19)
Region 1 9.35 (7.70 - 11.31) 3.50 (2.66 - 4.60)
Region 2 9.45 (7.76 - 11.45) 3.23 (2.45 - 4.26)
Region 3 10.16 (8.20 - 12.53) 3.48 (2.52 - 4.78)
Region 4 9.35 (7.52 - 11.58) 3.80 (2.82 - 5.09)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 11.56 (10.30 - 12.95) 7.27 (6.28 - 8.41) 1.55 (1.34 - 1.79) 29.64 (27.45 - 31.93)
Region 1 11.49 (9.58 - 13.71) 6.88 (5.46 - 8.65) 1.51 (1.21 - 1.88) 29.46 (25.99 - 33.18)
Region 2 12.25 (10.24 - 14.60) 7.55 (6.06 - 9.35) 1.66 (1.34 - 2.05) 26.66 (23.34 - 30.26)
Region 3 11.25 (9.00 - 13.97) 7.93 (6.17 - 10.14) 1.53 (1.21 - 1.93) 31.13 (27.12 - 35.45)
Region 4 10.89 (8.81 - 13.38) 6.83 (5.32 - 8.72) 1.45 (1.17 - 1.80) 32.99 (28.98 - 37.26)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 1.60 (1.21 - 2.11) 77.19 (75.35 - 78.93) 0.28 (0.15 - 0.54) 88.53 (87.22 - 89.73)
Region 1 1.38 (0.92 - 2.06) 75.59 (72.45 - 78.47) 0.29 (0.14 - 0.60) 88.03 (85.86 - 89.91)
Region 2 1.82 (1.23 - 2.70) 77.91 (75.05 - 80.52) 0.31 (0.15 - 0.63) 88.93 (86.85 - 90.71)
Region 3 1.75 (1.12 - 2.72) 78.46 (75.28 - 81.33) 0.28 (0.13 - 0.60) 88.79 (86.53 - 90.71)
Region 4 1.46 (0.93 - 2.28) 77.16 (73.96 - 80.07) 0.25 (0.11 - 0.55) 88.40 (86.22 - 90.27)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alabama 1.05 (0.69 - 1.60) 4.82 (4.11 - 5.64)
Region 1 1.39 (0.83 - 2.33) 5.36 (4.24 - 6.76)
Region 2 0.97 (0.56 - 1.68) 4.63 (3.66 - 5.83)
Region 3 0.77 (0.41 - 1.45) 4.37 (3.37 - 5.65)
Region 4 0.96 (0.52 - 1.76) 4.78 (3.75 - 6.06)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 42.34 (40.04 - 44.67) 22.11 (20.29 - 24.06) 44.28 (42.06 - 46.52)
Region 1 39.25 (35.60 - 43.02) 21.62 (18.87 - 24.64) 43.52 (40.18 - 46.92)
Region 2 45.28 (41.60 - 49.02) 23.39 (20.42 - 26.66) 44.22 (40.66 - 47.84)
Region 3 43.57 (39.24 - 48.00) 22.89 (19.65 - 26.50) 45.49 (41.76 - 49.28)
Region 4 41.02 (36.90 - 45.27) 20.26 (17.26 - 23.64) 44.34 (40.44 - 48.31)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alabama 18.40 (16.34 - 20.67) 10.81 (9.32 - 12.51)
Region 1 17.16 (14.18 - 20.62) 10.13 (7.89 - 12.91)
Region 2 19.84 (16.50 - 23.67) 12.25 (9.71 - 15.33)
Region 3 20.50 (16.84 - 24.72) 12.33 (9.73 - 15.51)
Region 4 15.99 (12.81 - 19.77) 8.19 (6.14 - 10.86)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 29.75 (27.66 - 31.93) 23.63 (21.84 - 25.53) 68.59 (66.44 - 70.66)
Region 1 33.28 (29.94 - 36.80) 25.33 (22.33 - 28.57) 66.11 (62.84 - 69.23)
Region 2 29.46 (26.28 - 32.84) 24.16 (21.24 - 27.34) 69.15 (66.15 - 72.00)
Region 3 26.71 (23.26 - 30.47) 21.43 (18.38 - 24.84) 69.72 (66.42 - 72.82)
Region 4 28.14 (24.79 - 31.74) 22.50 (19.50 - 25.82) 70.03 (66.76 - 73.10)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 2.97 (2.45 - 3.59) 0.79 (0.57 - 1.09) 4.50 (3.75 - 5.41) 6.67 (5.77 - 7.71)
Region 1 2.94 (2.23 - 3.86) 0.69 (0.42 - 1.14) 4.40 (3.34 - 5.78) 6.72 (5.42 - 8.32)
Region 2 2.89 (2.18 - 3.83) 0.85 (0.49 - 1.46) 4.80 (3.63 - 6.34) 6.76 (5.40 - 8.45)
Region 3 3.28 (2.39 - 4.49) 0.93 (0.52 - 1.63) 4.04 (2.89 - 5.62) 6.60 (5.07 - 8.55)
Region 4 2.85 (2.14 - 3.79) 0.70 (0.42 - 1.17) 4.58 (3.37 - 6.19) 6.53 (5.14 - 8.25)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Alabama among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 2.55 (2.11 - 3.09) 4.36 (3.65 - 5.21) 6.13 (5.30 - 7.08)
Region 1 2.53 (1.91 - 3.36) 4.35 (3.33 - 5.66) 6.41 (5.10 - 8.03)
Region 2 2.55 (1.93 - 3.37) 4.69 (3.57 - 6.14) 6.33 (5.06 - 7.90)
Region 3 2.70 (1.99 - 3.65) 3.91 (2.87 - 5.31) 5.59 (4.27 - 7.29)
Region 4 2.47 (1.84 - 3.31) 4.29 (3.19 - 5.73) 5.93 (4.62 - 7.58)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Alabama among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alabama 5.22 (4.40 - 6.19) 20.68 (18.87 - 22.61) 14.94 (13.34 - 16.70)
Region 1 5.51 (4.35 - 6.96) 19.95 (17.28 - 22.91) 15.44 (13.14 - 18.07)
Region 2 5.29 (4.15 - 6.72) 21.33 (18.47 - 24.49) 15.57 (13.19 - 18.28)
Region 3 4.97 (3.82 - 6.44) 20.87 (17.97 - 24.10) 12.83 (10.73 - 15.28)
Region 4 4.97 (3.85 - 6.39) 20.51 (17.54 - 23.85) 15.12 (12.58 - 18.07)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALABAMA

Table 1.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Alabama among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alabama 4.04 (3.35 - 4.87) 7.87 (6.80 - 9.09)
Region 1 4.20 (3.30 - 5.35) 8.26 (6.67 - 10.19)
Region 2 3.82 (2.97 - 4.90) 8.18 (6.66 - 10.01)
Region 3 4.28 (3.35 - 5.46) 7.55 (6.02 - 9.43)
Region 4 3.95 (3.07 - 5.08) 7.18 (5.70 - 9.00)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 1.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alabama, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 1.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

ALASKA

Table 2.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alaska 18.17 (16.47 - 20.01) 3.30 (2.70 - 4.02)
Anchorage 17.41 (15.10 - 20.00) 3.54 (2.71 - 4.61)
Northern 20.32 (17.20 - 23.84) 3.33 (2.40 - 4.59)
South Central 16.91 (14.21 - 20.01) 2.98 (2.16 - 4.09)
Southeast 19.77 (16.08 - 24.06) 3.09 (2.17 - 4.38)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 23.67 (21.84 - 25.61) 16.75 (15.13 - 18.51) 3.28 (2.84 - 3.78) 17.24 (15.57 - 19.05)
Anchorage 23.17 (20.63 - 25.92) 15.62 (13.47 - 18.04) 3.33 (2.76 - 4.00) 16.98 (14.68 - 19.57)
Northern 27.14 (23.44 - 31.20) 19.00 (15.88 - 22.58) 3.90 (3.12 - 4.88) 17.45 (14.67 - 20.63)
South Central 21.56 (18.60 - 24.86) 16.03 (13.38 - 19.08) 2.75 (2.21 - 3.41) 18.03 (15.24 - 21.20)
Southeast 23.63 (19.43 - 28.42) 18.21 (14.50 - 22.61) 3.16 (2.41 - 4.14) 15.80 (12.80 - 19.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 2.16 (1.69 - 2.77) 66.29 (64.09 - 68.42) 0.54 (0.32 - 0.89) 82.69 (80.97 - 84.28)
Anchorage 2.50 (1.82 - 3.44) 66.01 (62.86 - 69.01) 0.58 (0.32 - 1.04) 82.76 (80.28 - 84.98)
Northern 1.95 (1.26 - 2.98) 65.41 (61.48 - 69.13) 0.45 (0.23 - 0.89) 79.44 (76.18 - 82.36)
South Central 1.92 (1.26 - 2.91) 69.14 (65.64 - 72.44) 0.51 (0.27 - 0.96) 85.02 (82.41 - 87.30)
Southeast 1.91 (1.20 - 3.04) 62.05 (57.17 - 66.69) 0.63 (0.33 - 1.21) 83.37 (79.81 - 86.42)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alaska 0.90 (0.59 - 1.38) 4.79 (4.06 - 5.64)
Anchorage 0.96 (0.57 - 1.63) 5.10 (4.10 - 6.34)
Northern 0.74 (0.39 - 1.41) 4.75 (3.68 - 6.12)
South Central 0.91 (0.50 - 1.66) 4.44 (3.46 - 5.68)
Southeast 0.97 (0.49 - 1.89) 4.56 (3.47 - 5.97)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 51.39 (49.05 - 53.72) 23.36 (21.48 - 25.34) 43.00 (40.82 - 45.22)
Anchorage 52.63 (49.36 - 55.88) 22.41 (19.95 - 25.07) 45.13 (42.14 - 48.15)
Northern 50.38 (46.35 - 54.41) 25.96 (22.61 - 29.61) 41.70 (37.95 - 45.56)
South Central 48.42 (44.52 - 52.33) 22.38 (19.39 - 25.69) 41.54 (38.01 - 45.17)
Southeast 56.21 (51.12 - 61.17) 24.03 (20.24 - 28.27) 41.20 (36.94 - 45.59)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alaska 18.41 (16.28 - 20.75) 10.81 (9.31 - 12.51)
Anchorage 18.59 (15.53 - 22.10) 10.69 (8.58 - 13.25)
Northern 17.21 (13.87 - 21.15) 11.43 (9.01 - 14.39)
South Central 17.95 (14.62 - 21.85) 10.27 (7.91 - 13.24)
Southeast 22.08 (17.60 - 27.32) 11.23 (8.35 - 14.94)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 25.72 (23.87 - 27.67) 19.16 (17.53 - 20.89) 69.84 (67.88 - 71.72)
Anchorage 20.90 (18.59 - 23.42) 15.85 (13.79 - 18.16) 72.75 (70.26 - 75.11)
Northern 33.95 (30.45 - 37.65) 24.99 (21.81 - 28.46) 65.49 (62.25 - 68.59)
South Central 26.83 (23.70 - 30.21) 19.80 (17.13 - 22.76) 68.71 (65.71 - 71.55)
Southeast 24.32 (20.81 - 28.20) 18.09 (14.89 - 21.81) 70.56 (66.95 - 73.93)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 3.76 (3.14 - 4.48) 0.65 (0.46 - 0.93) 6.62 (5.69 - 7.69) 9.16 (8.10 - 10.34)
Anchorage 3.59 (2.86 - 4.52) 0.66 (0.40 - 1.06) 6.82 (5.49 - 8.44) 8.93 (7.50 - 10.59)
Northern 4.31 (3.25 - 5.70) 0.59 (0.34 - 1.01) 7.27 (5.67 - 9.27) 10.37 (8.46 - 12.65)
South Central 3.62 (2.72 - 4.79) 0.73 (0.43 - 1.24) 5.89 (4.49 - 7.68) 8.74 (7.05 - 10.78)
Southeast 3.56 (2.59 - 4.86) 0.59 (0.33 - 1.04) 6.32 (4.67 - 8.51) 8.59 (6.71 - 10.94)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Alaska among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 3.20 (2.65 - 3.86) 6.21 (5.32 - 7.22) 8.52 (7.48 - 9.70)
Anchorage 3.26 (2.52 - 4.21) 6.43 (5.17 - 7.96) 8.57 (7.11 - 10.31)
Northern 3.62 (2.69 - 4.84) 6.37 (4.95 - 8.17) 9.24 (7.41 - 11.47)
South Central 2.92 (2.20 - 3.86) 5.70 (4.40 - 7.35) 8.10 (6.47 - 10.10)
Southeast 2.83 (2.02 - 3.95) 6.27 (4.68 - 8.37) 7.90 (6.03 - 10.29)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Alaska among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Alaska 5.19 (4.41 - 6.10) 20.84 (19.08 - 22.72) 13.69 (12.20 - 15.34)
Anchorage 5.32 (4.31 - 6.56) 21.76 (19.32 - 24.43) 14.15 (12.21 - 16.34)
Northern 5.21 (4.13 - 6.56) 20.99 (18.19 - 24.09) 12.42 (10.36 - 14.82)
South Central 4.98 (3.92 - 6.29) 19.39 (16.79 - 22.29) 13.86 (11.63 - 16.44)
Southeast 5.20 (4.03 - 6.69) 20.61 (17.39 - 24.24) 14.16 (11.62 - 17.15)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ALASKA

Table 2.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Alaska among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Alaska 5.67 (4.81 - 6.68) 7.73 (6.75 - 8.83)
Anchorage 5.79 (4.71 - 7.08) 8.04 (6.72 - 9.58)
Northern 6.10 (4.89 - 7.60) 7.82 (6.35 - 9.58)
South Central 5.26 (4.17 - 6.63) 7.17 (5.75 - 8.92)
Southeast 5.38 (4.15 - 6.96) 7.72 (6.16 - 9.63)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 2.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Alaska, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 2.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arizona 11.71 (10.33 - 13.25) 3.23 (2.62 - 3.97)
Central 11.32 (9.74 - 13.13) 3.08 (2.36 - 4.01)
North 13.52 (10.61 - 17.07) 3.71 (2.62 - 5.24)
South 11.77 (9.77 - 14.11) 3.35 (2.53 - 4.44)
South A 12.58 (10.01 - 15.69) 3.61 (2.55 - 5.10)
South B 10.79 (8.37 - 13.81) 3.05 (2.13 - 4.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 15.09 (13.54 - 16.77) 9.74 (8.40 - 11.27) 2.10 (1.78 - 2.48) 25.69 (23.56 - 27.94)
Central 15.04 (13.18 - 17.10) 9.53 (8.03 - 11.28) 2.09 (1.73 - 2.53) 24.70 (22.17 - 27.41)
North 16.84 (13.38 - 20.98) 10.67 (8.03 - 14.04) 2.34 (1.76 - 3.12) 27.10 (22.74 - 31.95)
South 14.44 (12.08 - 17.16) 9.80 (7.83 - 12.19) 2.01 (1.61 - 2.51) 27.20 (23.95 - 30.70)
South A 15.75 (12.60 - 19.50) 10.39 (7.94 - 13.49) 2.17 (1.66 - 2.84) 26.00 (22.01 - 30.43)
South B 12.87 (10.01 - 16.39) 9.09 (6.74 - 12.16) 1.85 (1.40 - 2.43) 28.62 (24.27 - 33.41)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 2.04 (1.58 - 2.63) 70.33 (68.18 - 72.40) 0.36 (0.21 - 0.64) 86.75 (85.23 - 88.13)
Central 1.94 (1.43 - 2.64) 70.90 (68.17 - 73.48) 0.35 (0.19 - 0.65) 87.53 (85.68 - 89.17)
North 2.19 (1.37 - 3.49) 68.80 (64.43 - 72.85) 0.38 (0.19 - 0.76) 84.56 (81.36 - 87.29)
South 2.19 (1.50 - 3.17) 69.79 (66.55 - 72.84) 0.39 (0.20 - 0.74) 86.03 (83.73 - 88.04)
South A 2.24 (1.42 - 3.52) 68.36 (64.12 - 72.32) 0.43 (0.21 - 0.89) 85.29 (82.22 - 87.90)
South B 2.12 (1.28 - 3.48) 71.50 (67.25 - 75.39) 0.34 (0.16 - 0.70) 86.91 (84.04 - 89.33)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arizona 1.06 (0.68 - 1.66) 3.93 (3.27 - 4.73)
Central 0.95 (0.57 - 1.58) 3.74 (2.98 - 4.68)
North 1.63 (0.88 - 2.99) 4.04 (3.00 - 5.42)
South 1.06 (0.60 - 1.86) 4.30 (3.42 - 5.39)
South A 1.11 (0.58 - 2.13) 4.52 (3.42 - 5.96)
South B 0.99 (0.50 - 1.96) 4.03 (3.03 - 5.33)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 50.41 (47.93 - 52.90) 22.77 (20.76 - 24.92) 45.64 (43.26 - 48.03)
Central 50.14 (47.13 - 53.16) 22.27 (19.87 - 24.87) 45.56 (42.62 - 48.53)
North 50.35 (45.17 - 55.53) 22.52 (18.70 - 26.87) 43.35 (39.00 - 47.80)
South 51.01 (47.05 - 54.97) 23.95 (20.95 - 27.23) 46.78 (43.39 - 50.20)
South A 53.64 (48.76 - 58.45) 23.85 (20.05 - 28.12) 47.33 (43.03 - 51.68)
South B 47.88 (42.48 - 53.32) 24.07 (20.12 - 28.51) 46.12 (41.58 - 50.72)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arizona 17.28 (15.12 - 19.69) 10.35 (8.77 - 12.18)
Central 16.51 (13.86 - 19.55) 9.82 (7.88 - 12.16)
North 20.00 (15.51 - 25.39) 12.20 (9.15 - 16.08)
South 17.88 (14.80 - 21.44) 10.79 (8.62 - 13.43)
South A 20.26 (15.88 - 25.49) 12.27 (9.16 - 16.24)
South B 15.29 (11.78 - 19.62) 9.18 (6.75 - 12.37)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 21.28 (19.40 - 23.28) 17.27 (15.56 - 19.11) 71.96 (69.77 - 74.04)
Central 18.84 (16.69 - 21.20) 14.97 (13.07 - 17.09) 72.81 (70.22 - 75.24)
North 27.75 (23.92 - 31.93) 22.55 (18.80 - 26.79) 68.00 (64.24 - 71.53)
South 23.70 (20.91 - 26.73) 19.90 (17.27 - 22.83) 71.83 (68.99 - 74.52)
South A 23.20 (19.84 - 26.94) 19.53 (16.20 - 23.35) 72.58 (69.16 - 75.75)
South B 24.30 (20.58 - 28.45) 20.35 (16.87 - 24.33) 70.95 (67.30 - 74.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 2.89 (2.35 - 3.55) 0.63 (0.44 - 0.90) 5.29 (4.46 - 6.26) 7.26 (6.27 - 8.40)
Central 2.77 (2.16 - 3.54) 0.59 (0.36 - 0.95) 5.08 (4.11 - 6.27) 6.99 (5.82 - 8.36)
North 3.39 (2.47 - 4.66) 0.67 (0.38 - 1.17) 5.91 (4.32 - 8.05) 8.11 (6.28 - 10.42)
South 2.93 (2.23 - 3.84) 0.70 (0.44 - 1.09) 5.46 (4.28 - 6.94) 7.49 (6.09 - 9.19)
South A 3.03 (2.18 - 4.21) 0.74 (0.41 - 1.33) 5.76 (4.23 - 7.78) 7.87 (6.02 - 10.23)
South B 2.81 (2.01 - 3.92) 0.65 (0.37 - 1.12) 5.10 (3.73 - 6.94) 7.04 (5.38 - 9.15)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Arizona among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 2.44 (1.99 - 3.00) 5.06 (4.27 - 5.99) 6.87 (5.91 - 7.98)
Central 2.37 (1.84 - 3.06) 4.92 (3.97 - 6.10) 6.67 (5.52 - 8.02)
North 2.73 (1.96 - 3.79) 5.38 (3.97 - 7.26) 7.53 (5.73 - 9.84)
South 2.47 (1.88 - 3.24) 5.22 (4.16 - 6.53) 7.03 (5.66 - 8.70)
South A 2.61 (1.86 - 3.64) 5.43 (4.10 - 7.16) 7.46 (5.72 - 9.67)
South B 2.30 (1.65 - 3.20) 4.96 (3.67 - 6.68) 6.52 (4.87 - 8.67)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Arizona among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arizona 4.65 (3.88 - 5.57) 18.49 (16.75 - 20.37) 13.37 (11.80 - 15.11)
Central 4.57 (3.67 - 5.69) 18.34 (16.20 - 20.68) 13.30 (11.42 - 15.44)
North 4.72 (3.59 - 6.18) 18.26 (15.27 - 21.69) 13.99 (11.35 - 17.13)
South 4.78 (3.81 - 5.98) 18.92 (16.47 - 21.65) 13.25 (11.30 - 15.47)
South A 4.87 (3.73 - 6.34) 19.62 (16.49 - 23.18) 14.14 (11.74 - 16.94)
South B 4.67 (3.52 - 6.17) 18.08 (15.04 - 21.58) 12.16 (9.87 - 14.90)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARIZONA

Table 3.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Arizona among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arizona 4.36 (3.60 - 5.26) 6.70 (5.74 - 7.82)
Central 4.39 (3.54 - 5.43) 6.68 (5.52 - 8.05)
North 4.12 (3.13 - 5.40) 6.45 (5.00 - 8.28)
South 4.38 (3.47 - 5.52) 6.87 (5.63 - 8.37)
South A 4.57 (3.48 - 5.99) 7.10 (5.60 - 8.96)
South B 4.15 (3.14 - 5.45) 6.60 (5.07 - 8.57)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 3.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arizona, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 3.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 10.37 (9.15 - 11.73) 3.55 (2.93 - 4.29)
Catchment Area 1 10.28 (8.24 - 12.75) 3.80 (2.76 - 5.23)
Catchment Area 2 8.87 (6.76 - 11.57) 3.01 (2.08 - 4.33)
Catchment Area 3 9.61 (7.50 - 12.23) 3.53 (2.51 - 4.96)
Catchment Area 4 9.48 (7.19 - 12.40) 3.20 (2.22 - 4.60)
Catchment Area 5 10.26 (8.24 - 12.71) 3.41 (2.50 - 4.63)
Catchment Area 6 11.20 (8.49 - 14.65) 3.18 (2.18 - 4.60)
Catchment Area 7 10.88 (8.21 - 14.28) 3.41 (2.37 - 4.87)
Catchment Area 8 11.84 (9.67 - 14.42) 4.11 (2.99 - 5.62)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 12.82 (11.52 - 14.24) 8.26 (7.11 - 9.58) 1.65 (1.44 - 1.89) 28.81 (26.73 - 30.99)
Catchment Area 1 13.43 (10.94 - 16.39) 8.22 (6.26 - 10.73) 1.94 (1.52 - 2.48) 27.54 (23.62 - 31.84)
Catchment Area 2 10.23 (7.70 - 13.45) 7.02 (5.09 - 9.59) 1.16 (0.89 - 1.53) 29.96 (25.27 - 35.11)
Catchment Area 3 12.97 (10.33 - 16.17) 8.15 (6.14 - 10.74) 1.50 (1.17 - 1.92) 31.06 (26.90 - 35.56)
Catchment Area 4 11.34 (8.76 - 14.55) 7.95 (5.89 - 10.66) 1.50 (1.15 - 1.94) 31.49 (26.95 - 36.40)
Catchment Area 5 12.56 (10.28 - 15.25) 8.10 (6.26 - 10.41) 1.93 (1.51 - 2.45) 28.76 (24.93 - 32.92)
Catchment Area 6 13.31 (10.16 - 17.25) 9.14 (6.57 - 12.59) 1.56 (1.17 - 2.08) 31.84 (26.88 - 37.25)
Catchment Area 7 12.54 (9.50 - 16.36) 8.29 (5.92 - 11.51) 1.61 (1.20 - 2.17) 30.75 (25.83 - 36.16)
Catchment Area 8 14.57 (11.97 - 17.62) 9.07 (7.11 - 11.51) 1.73 (1.37 - 2.18) 24.75 (21.25 - 28.61)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 1.37 (1.04 - 1.81) 77.80 (76.05 - 79.46) 0.23 (0.12 - 0.44) 87.43 (86.08 - 88.66)
Catchment Area 1 1.37 (0.87 - 2.16) 74.41 (70.85 - 77.68) 0.19 (0.08 - 0.43) 85.95 (83.30 - 88.24)
Catchment Area 2 1.00 (0.60 - 1.66) 79.33 (75.94 - 82.34) 0.21 (0.09 - 0.46) 87.46 (84.70 - 89.78)
Catchment Area 3 1.30 (0.80 - 2.11) 80.25 (77.12 - 83.05) 0.23 (0.10 - 0.49) 88.01 (85.69 - 90.01)
Catchment Area 4 1.16 (0.70 - 1.91) 76.05 (72.28 - 79.45) 0.25 (0.11 - 0.55) 86.14 (83.28 - 88.58)
Catchment Area 5 1.25 (0.79 - 1.96) 79.50 (76.39 - 82.30) 0.24 (0.11 - 0.52) 88.55 (86.33 - 90.44)
Catchment Area 6 1.47 (0.83 - 2.60) 81.11 (77.74 - 84.08) 0.21 (0.10 - 0.46) 88.50 (85.96 - 90.63)
Catchment Area 7 1.20 (0.69 - 2.07) 79.13 (75.29 - 82.52) 0.20 (0.09 - 0.44) 88.85 (86.36 - 90.93)
Catchment Area 8 1.86 (1.20 - 2.85) 75.94 (72.55 - 79.03) 0.27 (0.12 - 0.60) 87.06 (84.64 - 89.15)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 0.96 (0.61 - 1.50) 4.86 (4.14 - 5.71)
Catchment Area 1 0.94 (0.50 - 1.76) 4.89 (3.74 - 6.37)
Catchment Area 2 1.22 (0.65 - 2.28) 4.79 (3.61 - 6.32)
Catchment Area 3 0.85 (0.44 - 1.62) 4.97 (3.86 - 6.39)
Catchment Area 4 1.15 (0.62 - 2.13) 5.00 (3.84 - 6.49)
Catchment Area 5 0.99 (0.55 - 1.78) 4.84 (3.79 - 6.16)
Catchment Area 6 0.81 (0.42 - 1.57) 4.54 (3.39 - 6.05)
Catchment Area 7 0.91 (0.47 - 1.75) 4.79 (3.59 - 6.36)
Catchment Area 8 0.85 (0.45 - 1.60) 4.91 (3.79 - 6.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 40.10 (37.82 - 42.43) 19.96 (18.24 - 21.80) 44.46 (42.19 - 46.75)
Catchment Area 1 43.23 (38.92 - 47.65) 21.08 (17.86 - 24.71) 43.52 (39.58 - 47.55)
Catchment Area 2 33.65 (28.42 - 39.32) 17.07 (13.80 - 20.93) 43.18 (38.62 - 47.85)
Catchment Area 3 35.60 (31.18 - 40.29) 18.40 (15.32 - 21.95) 45.47 (41.37 - 49.63)
Catchment Area 4 35.80 (30.89 - 41.03) 18.47 (15.18 - 22.29) 44.49 (40.12 - 48.96)
Catchment Area 5 42.17 (37.80 - 46.67) 20.44 (17.36 - 23.90) 42.67 (38.74 - 46.69)
Catchment Area 6 34.43 (29.22 - 40.04) 18.71 (15.22 - 22.79) 45.79 (41.32 - 50.32)
Catchment Area 7 39.05 (33.36 - 45.06) 22.32 (18.23 - 27.02) 45.01 (40.41 - 49.70)
Catchment Area 8 47.10 (42.76 - 51.48) 21.64 (18.55 - 25.08) 46.03 (42.14 - 49.97)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 16.42 (14.48 - 18.56) 9.96 (8.59 - 11.52)
Catchment Area 1 17.10 (13.51 - 21.40) 11.35 (8.55 - 14.92)
Catchment Area 2 13.90 (10.54 - 18.12) 8.37 (6.17 - 11.25)
Catchment Area 3 14.24 (10.93 - 18.35) 8.48 (6.23 - 11.44)
Catchment Area 4 15.24 (11.65 - 19.68) 8.67 (6.42 - 11.61)
Catchment Area 5 20.94 (16.91 - 25.63) 12.29 (9.48 - 15.79)
Catchment Area 6 13.14 (9.70 - 17.56) 8.01 (5.64 - 11.27)
Catchment Area 7 16.23 (12.23 - 21.22) 9.76 (7.10 - 13.29)
Catchment Area 8 16.85 (13.57 - 20.74) 10.04 (7.73 - 12.93)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 30.68 (28.73 - 32.70) 24.55 (22.66 - 26.55) 67.71 (65.67 - 69.69)
Catchment Area 1 25.99 (22.72 - 29.56) 20.64 (17.48 - 24.21) 71.13 (67.92 - 74.14)
Catchment Area 2 32.69 (28.49 - 37.18) 25.52 (21.39 - 30.16) 65.82 (61.93 - 69.51)
Catchment Area 3 32.05 (28.17 - 36.20) 24.93 (21.21 - 29.06) 65.88 (62.55 - 69.06)
Catchment Area 4 31.45 (27.40 - 35.80) 25.19 (21.15 - 29.71) 65.83 (62.22 - 69.27)
Catchment Area 5 30.94 (27.45 - 34.66) 23.55 (20.34 - 27.08) 66.85 (63.40 - 70.12)
Catchment Area 6 34.89 (30.21 - 39.87) 28.13 (23.76 - 32.95) 67.46 (63.77 - 70.95)
Catchment Area 7 35.42 (30.62 - 40.53) 29.52 (24.82 - 34.70) 65.75 (61.87 - 69.44)
Catchment Area 8 28.68 (25.28 - 32.33) 24.33 (21.07 - 27.91) 69.54 (66.37 - 72.54)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 2.86 (2.34 - 3.49) 0.75 (0.56 - 1.02) 5.28 (4.48 - 6.21) 7.37 (6.43 - 8.44)
Catchment Area 1 2.65 (1.95 - 3.59) 0.61 (0.36 - 1.04) 5.26 (3.90 - 7.05) 7.19 (5.62 - 9.16)
Catchment Area 2 2.43 (1.75 - 3.37) 0.75 (0.43 - 1.32) 4.24 (3.07 - 5.83) 5.78 (4.34 - 7.66)
Catchment Area 3 3.05 (2.21 - 4.20) 0.92 (0.52 - 1.61) 5.70 (4.24 - 7.62) 7.97 (6.27 - 10.07)
Catchment Area 4 2.67 (1.90 - 3.72) 0.88 (0.50 - 1.55) 5.69 (4.17 - 7.73) 7.34 (5.66 - 9.48)
Catchment Area 5 2.93 (2.12 - 4.04) 0.83 (0.48 - 1.41) 5.41 (4.05 - 7.19) 7.77 (6.09 - 9.86)
Catchment Area 6 3.04 (2.15 - 4.28) 0.71 (0.40 - 1.26) 5.05 (3.58 - 7.08) 7.01 (5.27 - 9.28)
Catchment Area 7 2.77 (1.95 - 3.91) 0.68 (0.39 - 1.20) 4.84 (3.42 - 6.82) 6.75 (5.06 - 8.94)
Catchment Area 8 3.17 (2.31 - 4.32) 0.70 (0.41 - 1.17) 5.62 (4.26 - 7.39) 8.16 (6.51 - 10.18)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Arkansas among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 2.40 (1.97 - 2.91) 4.75 (4.04 - 5.58) 6.58 (5.75 - 7.53)
Catchment Area 1 2.29 (1.67 - 3.13) 4.91 (3.73 - 6.45) 6.42 (4.94 - 8.30)
Catchment Area 2 1.91 (1.37 - 2.68) 3.99 (2.87 - 5.51) 5.20 (3.90 - 6.92)
Catchment Area 3 2.51 (1.82 - 3.44) 4.58 (3.40 - 6.16) 6.78 (5.29 - 8.65)
Catchment Area 4 2.22 (1.57 - 3.14) 5.05 (3.73 - 6.79) 6.62 (4.98 - 8.76)
Catchment Area 5 2.42 (1.78 - 3.29) 5.01 (3.81 - 6.57) 7.33 (5.77 - 9.25)
Catchment Area 6 2.59 (1.82 - 3.67) 4.52 (3.23 - 6.28) 6.60 (4.95 - 8.75)
Catchment Area 7 2.41 (1.70 - 3.41) 4.16 (2.96 - 5.83) 5.95 (4.32 - 8.12)
Catchment Area 8 2.69 (1.98 - 3.63) 5.17 (3.91 - 6.82) 7.08 (5.50 - 9.06)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Arkansas among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 5.43 (4.61 - 6.38) 20.44 (18.65 - 22.35) 16.36 (14.72 - 18.13)
Catchment Area 1 5.50 (4.30 - 7.01) 20.73 (17.76 - 24.06) 16.60 (13.95 - 19.64)
Catchment Area 2 5.48 (4.17 - 7.18) 20.75 (17.43 - 24.51) 16.70 (13.87 - 19.98)
Catchment Area 3 5.63 (4.38 - 7.21) 21.18 (18.08 - 24.66) 16.46 (13.81 - 19.51)
Catchment Area 4 5.68 (4.37 - 7.36) 21.46 (18.14 - 25.19) 17.43 (14.36 - 20.99)
Catchment Area 5 5.84 (4.63 - 7.34) 21.53 (18.52 - 24.89) 16.05 (13.51 - 18.95)
Catchment Area 6 5.24 (4.00 - 6.85) 18.55 (15.32 - 22.29) 14.63 (12.03 - 17.69)
Catchment Area 7 5.43 (4.13 - 7.11) 18.89 (15.65 - 22.62) 15.30 (12.60 - 18.47)
Catchment Area 8 4.84 (3.75 - 6.23) 19.47 (16.58 - 22.72) 16.65 (14.05 - 19.62)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

ARKANSAS

Table 4.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Arkansas among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Arkansas 4.62 (3.89 - 5.47) 8.07 (7.03 - 9.25)
Catchment Area 1 4.80 (3.76 - 6.10) 8.48 (6.80 - 10.53)
Catchment Area 2 4.50 (3.50 - 5.76) 7.80 (6.11 - 9.92)
Catchment Area 3 4.74 (3.67 - 6.11) 7.90 (6.35 - 9.78)
Catchment Area 4 4.70 (3.64 - 6.07) 7.95 (6.25 - 10.06)
Catchment Area 5 4.85 (3.84 - 6.12) 8.50 (6.85 - 10.51)
Catchment Area 6 4.31 (3.30 - 5.61) 7.12 (5.54 - 9.10)
Catchment Area 7 4.16 (3.21 - 5.37) 7.35 (5.72 - 9.39)
Catchment Area 8 4.52 (3.53 - 5.78) 8.36 (6.71 - 10.36)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in the Daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 4.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Arkansas, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 4.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
California 13.33 (12.62 - 14.07) 3.75 (3.39 - 4.15)
Region 1R 20.74 (17.80 - 24.01) 4.76 (3.62 - 6.24)
Region 2R 14.92 (12.10 - 18.26) 4.02 (2.94 - 5.48)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 14.47 (12.16 - 17.15) 3.48 (2.57 - 4.68)
Region 4R 14.98 (12.13 - 18.35) 3.98 (2.96 - 5.32)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 20.84 (16.86 - 25.48) 4.41 (3.20 - 6.06)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.17 (8.36 - 12.31) 3.13 (2.33 - 4.18)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 13.35 (11.08 - 16.00) 3.66 (2.73 - 4.89)
Region 8R (Alameda) 17.08 (14.46 - 20.07) 4.45 (3.33 - 5.91)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 13.23 (10.76 - 16.15) 2.92 (2.13 - 4.00)
Region 10 12.56 (10.00 - 15.66) 4.16 (3.05 - 5.65)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 13.56 (12.44 - 14.76) 3.88 (3.37 - 4.46)
LA SPA 1 and 5 14.33 (11.77 - 17.33) 3.92 (2.89 - 5.29)
LA SPA 2 14.04 (11.72 - 16.72) 3.80 (2.83 - 5.10)
LA SPA 3 9.80 (7.92 - 12.05) 3.02 (2.23 - 4.09)
LA SPA 4 19.22 (15.82 - 23.15) 5.62 (4.15 - 7.57)
LA SPA 6 13.91 (11.38 - 16.91) 3.64 (2.69 - 4.91)
LA SPA 7 10.74 (8.50 - 13.47) 3.44 (2.51 - 4.71)
LA SPA 8 14.45 (12.11 - 17.16) 4.11 (3.11 - 5.40)
Region 12R 13.92 (11.25 - 17.10) 4.40 (3.22 - 5.99)
Regions 13 and 19R 11.47 (9.71 - 13.50) 2.83 (2.12 - 3.76)
Region 14 (Orange) 10.18 (8.56 - 12.08) 3.32 (2.55 - 4.32)
Region 15R (Fresno) 11.91 (9.68 - 14.57) 3.77 (2.76 - 5.11)
Region 16R (San Diego) 13.88 (11.95 - 16.06) 3.99 (3.11 - 5.11)
Region 17R 10.19 (8.41 - 12.30) 3.50 (2.59 - 4.71)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 10.61 (8.81 - 12.72) 3.28 (2.43 - 4.41)
Region 20R 12.60 (10.33 - 15.30) 4.08 (3.02 - 5.50)
Region 21R 16.82 (13.90 - 20.21) 4.42 (3.28 - 5.93)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 17.82 (17.06 - 18.60) 11.60 (10.96 - 12.27) 2.34 (2.16 - 2.53) 27.24 (26.23 - 28.29)
Region 1R 26.76 (23.33 - 30.49) 18.55 (15.66 - 21.82) 3.98 (3.20 - 4.94) 19.48 (16.61 - 22.71)
Region 2R 18.42 (15.13 - 22.23) 12.95 (10.24 - 16.25) 2.69 (2.10 - 3.45) 22.20 (18.59 - 26.29)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 18.59 (15.86 - 21.67) 12.76 (10.51 - 15.41) 1.96 (1.56 - 2.45) 23.92 (20.72 - 27.44)
Region 4R 18.95 (15.57 - 22.87) 12.19 (9.58 - 15.40) 2.14 (1.67 - 2.74) 22.01 (18.52 - 25.94)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 28.38 (23.71 - 33.57) 17.38 (13.72 - 21.76) 3.02 (2.26 - 4.03) 21.74 (17.83 - 26.24)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 15.17 (12.85 - 17.83) 9.20 (7.50 - 11.24) 2.14 (1.75 - 2.60) 26.26 (22.95 - 29.86)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 18.65 (15.62 - 22.12) 12.84 (10.35 - 15.81) 2.50 (2.01 - 3.11) 22.92 (19.60 - 26.62)
Region 8R (Alameda) 19.97 (16.85 - 23.50) 14.04 (11.53 - 16.99) 2.51 (2.02 - 3.12) 26.96 (23.36 - 30.90)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 20.16 (16.59 - 24.27) 11.90 (9.38 - 14.99) 2.67 (2.10 - 3.39) 25.16 (21.52 - 29.18)
Region 10 18.09 (14.78 - 21.95) 10.94 (8.56 - 13.88) 2.45 (1.92 - 3.12) 27.22 (23.23 - 31.62)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 17.66 (16.41 - 18.99) 11.89 (10.84 - 13.03) 2.27 (2.03 - 2.53) 29.34 (27.67 - 31.07)
LA SPA 1 and 5 19.36 (16.13 - 23.06) 12.78 (10.28 - 15.78) 2.67 (2.12 - 3.35) 23.16 (19.79 - 26.91)
LA SPA 2 17.78 (15.10 - 20.82) 12.19 (10.07 - 14.68) 2.31 (1.86 - 2.86) 25.68 (22.42 - 29.24)
LA SPA 3 13.87 (11.51 - 16.61) 8.52 (6.82 - 10.60) 1.85 (1.48 - 2.31) 32.96 (29.28 - 36.85)
LA SPA 4 24.47 (20.49 - 28.94) 16.75 (13.46 - 20.64) 2.45 (1.90 - 3.15) 29.12 (24.92 - 33.70)
LA SPA 6 15.97 (12.99 - 19.48) 11.77 (9.36 - 14.70) 2.56 (2.03 - 3.22) 34.36 (30.09 - 38.90)
LA SPA 7 13.76 (11.07 - 16.98) 9.31 (7.20 - 11.95) 1.98 (1.57 - 2.51) 35.76 (31.36 - 40.42)
LA SPA 8 19.77 (16.82 - 23.08) 13.24 (10.90 - 15.98) 2.46 (1.99 - 3.05) 26.57 (23.15 - 30.30)
Region 12R 17.85 (14.46 - 21.84) 11.19 (8.76 - 14.20) 2.40 (1.88 - 3.06) 26.80 (22.80 - 31.23)
Regions 13 and 19R 16.36 (14.16 - 18.84) 10.41 (8.68 - 12.44) 2.62 (2.20 - 3.13) 30.81 (27.74 - 34.06)
Region 14 (Orange) 14.03 (11.95 - 16.41) 8.91 (7.35 - 10.77) 1.79 (1.45 - 2.19) 29.52 (26.65 - 32.57)
Region 15R (Fresno) 15.09 (12.35 - 18.32) 10.62 (8.43 - 13.29) 2.31 (1.87 - 2.86) 28.54 (24.88 - 32.52)
Region 16R (San Diego) 18.96 (16.72 - 21.43) 11.66 (9.85 - 13.75) 2.48 (2.08 - 2.96) 25.41 (22.87 - 28.13)
Region 17R 13.21 (11.04 - 15.73) 8.79 (7.09 - 10.86) 2.07 (1.71 - 2.50) 31.94 (28.56 - 35.52)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 15.62 (13.25 - 18.33) 9.47 (7.72 - 11.57) 2.46 (2.02 - 2.99) 28.58 (25.27 - 32.15)
Region 20R 14.78 (12.21 - 17.79) 10.44 (8.30 - 13.06) 1.97 (1.56 - 2.48) 28.78 (25.08 - 32.78)
Region 21R 24.60 (21.00 - 28.60) 14.69 (12.02 - 17.83) 2.92 (2.33 - 3.64) 22.75 (19.45 - 26.43)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 2.75 (2.46 - 3.06) 67.54 (66.54 - 68.53) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.31) 83.72 (82.93 - 84.49)
Region 1R 3.98 (2.91 - 5.42) 62.72 (58.93 - 66.37) 0.27 (0.14 - 0.51) 84.26 (81.57 - 86.62)
Region 2R 2.96 (1.95 - 4.46) 66.93 (62.92 - 70.70) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.37) 82.97 (79.98 - 85.59)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 2.10 (1.41 - 3.11) 67.54 (63.98 - 70.90) 0.17 (0.08 - 0.34) 83.29 (80.63 - 85.65)
Region 4R 2.28 (1.51 - 3.44) 65.71 (61.57 - 69.62) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.37) 83.24 (80.19 - 85.90)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 4.72 (3.17 - 6.97) 55.26 (49.99 - 60.40) 0.28 (0.14 - 0.57) 79.10 (74.78 - 82.85)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.29 (1.62 - 3.24) 65.40 (61.88 - 68.75) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.26) 80.24 (77.25 - 82.93)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 2.26 (1.52 - 3.35) 65.65 (61.80 - 69.30) 0.16 (0.08 - 0.33) 82.01 (78.96 - 84.69)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.36 (2.44 - 4.62) 66.61 (62.86 - 70.17) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.36) 82.23 (79.26 - 84.86)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 2.33 (1.54 - 3.51) 62.59 (58.16 - 66.82) 0.15 (0.07 - 0.31) 81.56 (78.16 - 84.53)
Region 10 2.70 (1.80 - 4.03) 69.13 (65.20 - 72.80) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.35) 86.12 (83.47 - 88.41)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.80 (2.37 - 3.31) 67.34 (65.66 - 68.98) 0.20 (0.11 - 0.36) 84.24 (83.02 - 85.40)
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.25 (2.26 - 4.65) 65.07 (60.93 - 69.01) 0.21 (0.10 - 0.42) 82.81 (79.72 - 85.52)
LA SPA 2 2.27 (1.56 - 3.30) 66.62 (62.98 - 70.06) 0.21 (0.10 - 0.41) 85.39 (82.78 - 87.66)
LA SPA 3 1.92 (1.30 - 2.82) 69.72 (66.18 - 73.03) 0.15 (0.07 - 0.31) 84.05 (81.50 - 86.30)
LA SPA 4 5.44 (3.81 - 7.71) 60.96 (56.17 - 65.56) 0.25 (0.12 - 0.51) 82.05 (78.49 - 85.14)
LA SPA 6 2.66 (1.74 - 4.06) 68.92 (64.89 - 72.68) 0.24 (0.10 - 0.54) 85.10 (82.33 - 87.50)
LA SPA 7 2.23 (1.45 - 3.41) 71.09 (67.11 - 74.77) 0.19 (0.09 - 0.42) 84.58 (81.75 - 87.05)
LA SPA 8 2.83 (1.99 - 4.00) 68.04 (64.30 - 71.55) 0.21 (0.11 - 0.42) 84.70 (82.07 - 86.99)
Region 12R 2.80 (1.81 - 4.29) 69.73 (65.66 - 73.51) 0.21 (0.10 - 0.42) 84.89 (81.99 - 87.39)
Regions 13 and 19R 1.90 (1.35 - 2.67) 72.01 (69.11 - 74.74) 0.13 (0.06 - 0.28) 86.14 (84.13 - 87.93)
Region 14 (Orange) 2.45 (1.78 - 3.37) 68.69 (65.62 - 71.61) 0.17 (0.08 - 0.33) 83.24 (80.87 - 85.37)
Region 15R (Fresno) 2.53 (1.71 - 3.72) 70.17 (66.53 - 73.57) 0.19 (0.09 - 0.38) 83.66 (80.85 - 86.13)
Region 16R (San Diego) 3.89 (2.99 - 5.04) 66.79 (63.84 - 69.61) 0.17 (0.09 - 0.34) 83.11 (80.79 - 85.19)
Region 17R 2.15 (1.48 - 3.14) 72.84 (69.69 - 75.77) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.36) 85.51 (83.27 - 87.49)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 2.34 (1.63 - 3.34) 71.12 (67.71 - 74.31) 0.14 (0.06 - 0.29) 85.71 (83.34 - 87.79)
Region 20R 2.20 (1.49 - 3.23) 70.28 (66.63 - 73.69) 0.18 (0.09 - 0.36) 83.64 (80.87 - 86.08)
Region 21R 2.99 (2.04 - 4.35) 63.81 (59.76 - 67.68) 0.22 (0.11 - 0.42) 83.85 (81.00 - 86.35)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
California 0.89 (0.70 - 1.14) 4.06 (3.70 - 4.46)
Region 1R 1.38 (0.85 - 2.23) 5.13 (4.05 - 6.47)
Region 2R 0.87 (0.49 - 1.53) 4.34 (3.37 - 5.58)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 0.79 (0.47 - 1.32) 4.06 (3.17 - 5.17)
Region 4R 0.80 (0.45 - 1.41) 4.42 (3.41 - 5.71)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 0.78 (0.41 - 1.47) 4.21 (3.16 - 5.59)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 0.57 (0.31 - 1.04) 3.53 (2.81 - 4.44)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 0.70 (0.40 - 1.21) 4.10 (3.21 - 5.23)
Region 8R (Alameda) 0.84 (0.49 - 1.46) 3.89 (3.06 - 4.92)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 0.73 (0.41 - 1.30) 3.78 (2.88 - 4.95)
Region 10 1.00 (0.57 - 1.74) 4.13 (3.19 - 5.34)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 0.86 (0.63 - 1.17) 3.73 (3.29 - 4.24)
LA SPA 1 and 5 0.77 (0.44 - 1.34) 3.93 (3.04 - 5.05)
LA SPA 2 0.83 (0.48 - 1.43) 3.75 (2.92 - 4.81)
LA SPA 3 0.75 (0.43 - 1.30) 3.31 (2.59 - 4.21)
LA SPA 4 1.18 (0.68 - 2.07) 3.77 (2.91 - 4.88)
LA SPA 6 0.78 (0.44 - 1.38) 3.87 (2.99 - 4.99)
LA SPA 7 0.99 (0.56 - 1.75) 3.80 (2.95 - 4.89)
LA SPA 8 0.81 (0.47 - 1.40) 3.88 (3.05 - 4.92)
Region 12R 1.18 (0.67 - 2.08) 4.76 (3.69 - 6.12)
Regions 13 and 19R 1.01 (0.64 - 1.60) 4.68 (3.73 - 5.86)
Region 14 (Orange) 0.91 (0.56 - 1.47) 3.66 (2.92 - 4.58)
Region 15R (Fresno) 0.92 (0.54 - 1.59) 4.56 (3.60 - 5.76)
Region 16R (San Diego) 0.71 (0.41 - 1.21) 4.15 (3.35 - 5.12)
Region 17R 1.16 (0.71 - 1.87) 4.06 (3.22 - 5.10)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 1.04 (0.62 - 1.73) 4.20 (3.31 - 5.31)
Region 20R 1.02 (0.59 - 1.75) 4.58 (3.61 - 5.79)
Region 21R 1.09 (0.63 - 1.87) 4.40 (3.45 - 5.58)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 50.72 (49.64 - 51.79) 23.80 (22.88 - 24.74) 48.78 (47.67 - 49.90)
Region 1R 55.48 (51.50 - 59.38) 26.43 (23.27 - 29.84) 41.93 (38.43 - 45.51)
Region 2R 55.31 (50.60 - 59.94) 23.74 (20.22 - 27.67) 43.70 (39.90 - 47.58)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 49.20 (45.44 - 52.96) 22.94 (19.98 - 26.19) 49.34 (45.75 - 52.93)
Region 4R 52.87 (48.37 - 57.32) 22.06 (18.68 - 25.85) 43.87 (39.97 - 47.85)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 61.80 (56.49 - 66.84) 28.83 (24.79 - 33.23) 42.82 (38.49 - 47.25)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 53.86 (50.07 - 57.60) 21.21 (18.58 - 24.10) 47.69 (44.23 - 51.16)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 55.79 (51.44 - 60.06) 22.68 (19.51 - 26.21) 49.16 (45.45 - 52.87)
Region 8R (Alameda) 54.20 (49.96 - 58.39) 23.92 (20.79 - 27.35) 48.76 (45.09 - 52.45)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 58.33 (53.60 - 62.91) 24.44 (21.02 - 28.21) 46.92 (42.97 - 50.91)
Region 10 56.93 (52.19 - 61.55) 24.77 (21.25 - 28.67) 50.16 (46.19 - 54.13)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 49.15 (47.33 - 50.97) 24.29 (22.87 - 25.78) 50.39 (48.69 - 52.09)
LA SPA 1 and 5 56.24 (52.08 - 60.32) 24.18 (20.77 - 27.95) 46.26 (42.52 - 50.04)
LA SPA 2 56.16 (52.36 - 59.89) 24.44 (21.46 - 27.68) 47.55 (44.10 - 51.03)
LA SPA 3 44.65 (40.56 - 48.82) 23.38 (20.30 - 26.77) 52.32 (48.63 - 55.98)
LA SPA 4 52.82 (47.78 - 57.79) 27.42 (23.53 - 31.70) 48.85 (44.81 - 52.91)
LA SPA 6 37.88 (33.32 - 42.66) 24.23 (20.81 - 28.02) 57.50 (53.66 - 61.26)
LA SPA 7 38.89 (34.35 - 43.62) 21.45 (18.14 - 25.17) 55.23 (51.20 - 59.20)
LA SPA 8 51.92 (47.68 - 56.13) 25.20 (22.01 - 28.68) 47.93 (44.39 - 51.50)
Region 12R 50.57 (45.62 - 55.51) 25.05 (21.31 - 29.20) 48.88 (44.87 - 52.90)
Regions 13 and 19R 49.33 (46.05 - 52.62) 23.46 (20.85 - 26.29) 51.60 (48.60 - 54.60)
Region 14 (Orange) 50.15 (46.81 - 53.49) 22.52 (19.94 - 25.34) 48.70 (45.56 - 51.85)
Region 15R (Fresno) 47.84 (43.50 - 52.22) 25.32 (21.99 - 28.97) 49.49 (45.75 - 53.23)
Region 16R (San Diego) 52.71 (49.57 - 55.83) 24.80 (22.30 - 27.47) 47.75 (44.81 - 50.70)
Region 17R 38.39 (34.69 - 42.23) 20.65 (17.86 - 23.75) 50.97 (47.59 - 54.34)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 42.86 (39.01 - 46.79) 21.93 (19.21 - 24.91) 50.92 (47.60 - 54.24)
Region 20R 42.11 (37.88 - 46.46) 23.10 (19.96 - 26.56) 46.63 (42.70 - 50.60)
Region 21R 58.64 (54.16 - 62.99) 27.67 (24.07 - 31.58) 47.43 (43.76 - 51.13)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
California 17.85 (16.68 - 19.08) 10.81 (9.87 - 11.83)
Region 1R 26.23 (22.11 - 30.81) 15.54 (12.45 - 19.24)
Region 2R 22.86 (18.57 - 27.80) 13.33 (10.11 - 17.38)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 15.74 (12.47 - 19.68) 9.61 (7.37 - 12.44)
Region 4R 17.42 (13.64 - 21.99) 10.15 (7.51 - 13.59)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 21.42 (16.77 - 26.94) 15.27 (11.53 - 19.94)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 18.56 (15.38 - 22.24) 10.43 (8.12 - 13.30)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 19.22 (15.69 - 23.34) 10.19 (7.92 - 13.02)
Region 8R (Alameda) 19.02 (15.59 - 23.01) 11.88 (9.30 - 15.07)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 20.01 (16.10 - 24.60) 12.13 (9.20 - 15.83)
Region 10 22.61 (18.22 - 27.70) 13.27 (10.12 - 17.21)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 17.11 (15.46 - 18.90) 11.02 (9.75 - 12.43)
LA SPA 1 and 5 20.92 (17.02 - 25.42) 13.00 (9.98 - 16.78)
LA SPA 2 19.49 (16.10 - 23.39) 12.17 (9.62 - 15.29)
LA SPA 3 15.59 (12.41 - 19.39) 10.32 (7.89 - 13.39)
LA SPA 4 18.30 (14.06 - 23.46) 12.13 (9.03 - 16.09)
LA SPA 6 13.17 (9.89 - 17.33) 9.58 (7.06 - 12.89)
LA SPA 7 13.82 (10.63 - 17.78) 8.89 (6.58 - 11.90)
LA SPA 8 18.81 (15.35 - 22.83) 11.49 (8.84 - 14.80)
Region 12R 19.23 (15.22 - 24.01) 10.98 (8.18 - 14.57)
Regions 13 and 19R 16.87 (14.05 - 20.12) 9.23 (7.27 - 11.66)
Region 14 (Orange) 16.53 (13.65 - 19.87) 10.14 (7.99 - 12.79)
Region 15R (Fresno) 18.04 (14.51 - 22.20) 10.53 (8.02 - 13.71)
Region 16R (San Diego) 18.90 (15.96 - 22.23) 11.63 (9.32 - 14.43)
Region 17R 12.06 (9.44 - 15.28) 7.10 (5.39 - 9.30)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 15.24 (12.34 - 18.68) 9.09 (7.00 - 11.72)
Region 20R 15.02 (11.97 - 18.68) 8.81 (6.63 - 11.62)
Region 21R 23.96 (19.51 - 29.07) 15.16 (11.66 - 19.49)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 15.34 (14.54 - 16.17) 12.48 (11.77 - 13.24) 76.63 (75.62 - 77.60)
Region 1R 24.81 (21.95 - 27.90) 19.70 (17.00 - 22.72) 71.98 (69.19 - 74.61)
Region 2R 17.31 (14.59 - 20.41) 11.93 (9.65 - 14.67) 75.78 (73.04 - 78.33)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 18.72 (16.25 - 21.47) 14.78 (12.49 - 17.41) 74.56 (71.93 - 77.03)
Region 4R 15.64 (13.25 - 18.37) 11.88 (9.70 - 14.47) 78.21 (75.67 - 80.55)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 14.91 (12.40 - 17.83) 13.11 (10.54 - 16.19) 77.13 (74.00 - 79.99)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 11.20 (9.48 - 13.19) 9.41 (7.87 - 11.22) 77.45 (75.02 - 79.70)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 13.90 (11.69 - 16.45) 10.76 (8.78 - 13.12) 77.89 (75.37 - 80.23)
Region 8R (Alameda) 13.01 (10.95 - 15.38) 10.70 (8.72 - 13.08) 76.34 (73.64 - 78.84)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 12.81 (10.71 - 15.25) 10.29 (8.40 - 12.54) 78.29 (75.55 - 80.81)
Region 10 14.76 (12.32 - 17.59) 11.65 (9.37 - 14.39) 77.81 (75.19 - 80.22)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 14.21 (13.14 - 15.36) 12.13 (11.09 - 13.26) 77.29 (75.96 - 78.57)
LA SPA 1 and 5 14.57 (12.27 - 17.22) 11.52 (9.43 - 13.98) 76.87 (74.23 - 79.31)
LA SPA 2 14.20 (12.16 - 16.51) 11.69 (9.70 - 14.03) 77.26 (74.71 - 79.64)
LA SPA 3 12.30 (10.35 - 14.56) 10.58 (8.74 - 12.76) 77.24 (74.73 - 79.56)
LA SPA 4 14.76 (12.26 - 17.66) 13.24 (10.79 - 16.14) 77.86 (75.09 - 80.40)
LA SPA 6 15.99 (13.44 - 18.91) 14.67 (12.04 - 17.76) 76.77 (74.25 - 79.12)
LA SPA 7 13.31 (11.12 - 15.87) 11.60 (9.38 - 14.26) 78.26 (75.73 - 80.59)
LA SPA 8 15.40 (13.09 - 18.04) 12.98 (10.87 - 15.43) 76.78 (74.25 - 79.12)
Region 12R 18.77 (15.97 - 21.92) 14.77 (12.10 - 17.91) 74.85 (72.00 - 77.50)
Regions 13 and 19R 16.86 (14.74 - 19.21) 13.58 (11.66 - 15.76) 77.68 (75.41 - 79.80)
Region 14 (Orange) 12.78 (11.02 - 14.78) 10.54 (8.84 - 12.52) 77.03 (74.75 - 79.16)
Region 15R (Fresno) 17.04 (14.49 - 19.95) 13.16 (10.83 - 15.91) 73.93 (71.20 - 76.48)
Region 16R (San Diego) 15.48 (13.59 - 17.58) 12.58 (10.79 - 14.63) 77.32 (75.17 - 79.33)
Region 17R 19.50 (16.93 - 22.37) 15.50 (13.13 - 18.21) 74.02 (71.46 - 76.42)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 16.23 (13.98 - 18.77) 13.42 (11.28 - 15.89) 75.21 (72.62 - 77.63)
Region 20R 17.67 (15.01 - 20.70) 14.12 (11.66 - 16.99) 74.11 (71.38 - 76.66)
Region 21R 15.87 (13.44 - 18.64) 12.75 (10.43 - 15.49) 77.42 (74.98 - 79.69)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 3.04 (2.74 - 3.39) 0.53 (0.42 - 0.67) 5.80 (5.34 - 6.29) 7.76 (7.24 - 8.32)
Region 1R 4.32 (3.34 - 5.56) 0.63 (0.37 - 1.08) 8.26 (6.52 - 10.42) 11.12 (9.18 - 13.40)
Region 2R 3.05 (2.28 - 4.06) 0.61 (0.35 - 1.09) 6.22 (4.67 - 8.23) 8.30 (6.53 - 10.49)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.07 (2.34 - 4.03) 0.54 (0.31 - 0.95) 6.48 (5.08 - 8.23) 8.20 (6.62 - 10.12)
Region 4R 2.94 (2.20 - 3.91) 0.53 (0.30 - 0.93) 6.29 (4.69 - 8.40) 8.10 (6.40 - 10.20)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.45 (2.52 - 4.71) 0.49 (0.26 - 0.91) 6.88 (5.08 - 9.26) 9.99 (7.85 - 12.62)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.59 (1.99 - 3.38) 0.45 (0.26 - 0.78) 4.81 (3.75 - 6.16) 6.85 (5.56 - 8.42)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 2.69 (2.03 - 3.54) 0.50 (0.29 - 0.86) 5.97 (4.59 - 7.73) 7.38 (5.86 - 9.26)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.24 (2.47 - 4.25) 0.53 (0.30 - 0.94) 5.73 (4.40 - 7.43) 8.07 (6.49 - 9.99)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 2.67 (2.00 - 3.55) 0.51 (0.28 - 0.92) 5.73 (4.31 - 7.58) 7.30 (5.74 - 9.24)
Region 10 3.34 (2.53 - 4.40) 0.56 (0.32 - 0.96) 5.77 (4.32 - 7.67) 7.95 (6.29 - 9.98)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.01 (2.61 - 3.47) 0.51 (0.38 - 0.70) 5.69 (5.02 - 6.44) 7.59 (6.81 - 8.44)
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.03 (2.27 - 4.04) 0.49 (0.28 - 0.89) 5.45 (4.05 - 7.29) 7.67 (6.03 - 9.71)
LA SPA 2 3.06 (2.35 - 3.97) 0.59 (0.34 - 1.02) 5.81 (4.48 - 7.52) 7.96 (6.48 - 9.75)
LA SPA 3 2.41 (1.81 - 3.21) 0.42 (0.24 - 0.74) 4.74 (3.60 - 6.23) 5.80 (4.56 - 7.34)
LA SPA 4 3.50 (2.59 - 4.73) 0.50 (0.28 - 0.89) 6.63 (5.00 - 8.74) 9.47 (7.51 - 11.87)
LA SPA 6 3.47 (2.59 - 4.63) 0.45 (0.25 - 0.79) 4.98 (3.65 - 6.75) 7.18 (5.56 - 9.22)
LA SPA 7 3.06 (2.27 - 4.12) 0.58 (0.32 - 1.05) 5.11 (3.80 - 6.85) 6.50 (5.09 - 8.26)
LA SPA 8 2.91 (2.21 - 3.81) 0.53 (0.30 - 0.93) 6.96 (5.41 - 8.92) 8.76 (7.11 - 10.76)
Region 12R 3.36 (2.53 - 4.44) 0.56 (0.32 - 0.97) 6.02 (4.51 - 7.99) 8.44 (6.64 - 10.67)
Regions 13 and 19R 3.10 (2.42 - 3.97) 0.62 (0.38 - 1.03) 5.98 (4.74 - 7.50) 7.96 (6.59 - 9.59)
Region 14 (Orange) 2.46 (1.89 - 3.20) 0.44 (0.26 - 0.75) 4.74 (3.68 - 6.09) 6.10 (4.93 - 7.52)
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.08 (2.32 - 4.07) 0.56 (0.32 - 0.97) 5.58 (4.21 - 7.37) 7.57 (6.01 - 9.50)
Region 16R (San Diego) 3.11 (2.43 - 3.97) 0.51 (0.31 - 0.84) 5.83 (4.66 - 7.26) 7.98 (6.67 - 9.53)
Region 17R 3.16 (2.41 - 4.13) 0.60 (0.36 - 1.00) 5.39 (4.17 - 6.92) 7.43 (6.03 - 9.12)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.13 (2.41 - 4.05) 0.53 (0.31 - 0.90) 5.52 (4.30 - 7.06) 7.40 (6.02 - 9.07)
Region 20R 3.08 (2.34 - 4.04) 0.63 (0.36 - 1.09) 5.46 (4.13 - 7.20) 7.26 (5.73 - 9.15)
Region 21R 3.58 (2.68 - 4.77) 0.57 (0.33 - 0.97) 7.52 (5.81 - 9.69) 9.74 (7.87 - 12.00)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in California among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 2.88 (2.59 - 3.20) 5.65 (5.20 - 6.13) 7.43 (6.91 - 7.99)
Region 1R 4.05 (3.07 - 5.31) 8.14 (6.39 - 10.32) 10.99 (8.95 - 13.41)
Region 2R 2.82 (2.07 - 3.83) 6.11 (4.67 - 7.96) 8.11 (6.31 - 10.36)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 2.91 (2.21 - 3.82) 5.95 (4.62 - 7.64) 7.91 (6.36 - 9.81)
Region 4R 2.68 (1.99 - 3.60) 6.09 (4.62 - 7.99) 7.79 (6.10 - 9.90)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.45 (2.50 - 4.73) 7.04 (5.28 - 9.32) 9.90 (7.64 - 12.73)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.47 (1.87 - 3.25) 4.90 (3.79 - 6.33) 6.63 (5.32 - 8.23)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 2.48 (1.87 - 3.27) 5.78 (4.47 - 7.44) 6.97 (5.38 - 8.97)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.15 (2.39 - 4.16) 5.36 (4.11 - 6.95) 7.70 (6.13 - 9.64)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 2.42 (1.78 - 3.28) 5.64 (4.24 - 7.47) 6.70 (5.20 - 8.60)
Region 10 3.07 (2.26 - 4.15) 5.70 (4.30 - 7.52) 7.70 (5.92 - 9.96)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.90 (2.51 - 3.36) 5.49 (4.89 - 6.16) 7.25 (6.49 - 8.09)
LA SPA 1 and 5 2.86 (2.11 - 3.86) 5.50 (4.16 - 7.24) 6.95 (5.39 - 8.91)
LA SPA 2 2.95 (2.25 - 3.86) 5.68 (4.45 - 7.22) 7.76 (6.19 - 9.69)
LA SPA 3 2.33 (1.74 - 3.11) 4.62 (3.57 - 5.97) 5.69 (4.46 - 7.23)
LA SPA 4 3.63 (2.67 - 4.94) 6.34 (4.83 - 8.30) 9.06 (6.99 - 11.68)
LA SPA 6 3.27 (2.43 - 4.41) 4.70 (3.55 - 6.21) 6.70 (5.19 - 8.60)
LA SPA 7 2.77 (2.04 - 3.75) 4.79 (3.61 - 6.31) 6.13 (4.67 - 8.01)
LA SPA 8 2.85 (2.13 - 3.80) 6.64 (5.15 - 8.51) 8.41 (6.69 - 10.54)
Region 12R 3.10 (2.29 - 4.17) 5.89 (4.45 - 7.74) 8.13 (6.31 - 10.42)
Regions 13 and 19R 2.86 (2.24 - 3.66) 5.70 (4.58 - 7.07) 7.45 (6.18 - 8.95)
Region 14 (Orange) 2.18 (1.65 - 2.88) 4.76 (3.75 - 6.02) 5.79 (4.64 - 7.20)
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.04 (2.28 - 4.06) 5.58 (4.31 - 7.20) 7.20 (5.62 - 9.17)
Region 16R (San Diego) 2.89 (2.24 - 3.71) 5.90 (4.77 - 7.27) 7.66 (6.35 - 9.21)
Region 17R 2.91 (2.22 - 3.82) 5.38 (4.19 - 6.89) 7.10 (5.63 - 8.92)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.07 (2.38 - 3.96) 5.13 (4.01 - 6.55) 7.12 (5.69 - 8.87)
Region 20R 3.04 (2.30 - 4.01) 5.18 (3.94 - 6.77) 6.78 (5.26 - 8.70)
Region 21R 3.47 (2.61 - 4.60) 7.44 (5.79 - 9.51) 9.25 (7.32 - 11.62)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in California among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
California 4.02 (3.63 - 4.45) 18.21 (17.33 - 19.12) 11.73 (11.01 - 12.49)
Region 1R 5.31 (4.26 - 6.60) 21.49 (18.71 - 24.56) 14.22 (12.13 - 16.60)
Region 2R 4.28 (3.38 - 5.40) 19.04 (16.20 - 22.23) 13.53 (11.42 - 15.95)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 4.08 (3.27 - 5.08) 19.48 (16.91 - 22.34) 12.15 (10.32 - 14.26)
Region 4R 3.81 (3.00 - 4.82) 17.92 (15.27 - 20.91) 13.19 (11.11 - 15.61)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 4.24 (3.33 - 5.40) 20.93 (17.70 - 24.57) 14.20 (11.87 - 16.91)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.69 (2.96 - 4.60) 17.44 (15.10 - 20.06) 10.73 (9.11 - 12.61)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.68 (2.87 - 4.71) 17.90 (15.28 - 20.87) 12.39 (10.45 - 14.62)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.94 (3.13 - 4.95) 18.94 (16.35 - 21.83) 12.71 (10.72 - 15.01)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 3.50 (2.76 - 4.44) 17.70 (15.07 - 20.67) 12.19 (10.18 - 14.52)
Region 10 4.59 (3.61 - 5.81) 19.02 (16.32 - 22.05) 13.07 (10.94 - 15.54)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.89 (3.43 - 4.42) 17.53 (16.34 - 18.78) 11.18 (10.24 - 12.18)
LA SPA 1 and 5 4.25 (3.38 - 5.34) 19.74 (16.98 - 22.83) 15.25 (12.87 - 17.99)
LA SPA 2 4.05 (3.24 - 5.07) 18.49 (16.00 - 21.27) 12.38 (10.54 - 14.48)
LA SPA 3 3.47 (2.77 - 4.35) 15.75 (13.48 - 18.32) 9.26 (7.74 - 11.04)
LA SPA 4 4.43 (3.46 - 5.64) 19.46 (16.63 - 22.64) 12.30 (10.28 - 14.64)
LA SPA 6 3.97 (3.14 - 4.99) 16.78 (14.22 - 19.69) 8.23 (6.79 - 9.93)
LA SPA 7 3.50 (2.75 - 4.44) 15.86 (13.43 - 18.63) 9.11 (7.52 - 10.99)
LA SPA 8 3.76 (2.98 - 4.73) 16.92 (14.56 - 19.59) 11.37 (9.58 - 13.43)
Region 12R 4.19 (3.31 - 5.28) 20.41 (17.43 - 23.74) 11.55 (9.63 - 13.81)
Regions 13 and 19R 4.18 (3.41 - 5.12) 17.97 (15.70 - 20.49) 11.89 (10.18 - 13.85)
Region 14 (Orange) 3.68 (2.95 - 4.58) 16.93 (14.79 - 19.31) 10.53 (8.89 - 12.42)
Region 15R (Fresno) 4.14 (3.31 - 5.18) 19.69 (17.14 - 22.52) 11.95 (10.11 - 14.08)
Region 16R (San Diego) 4.16 (3.37 - 5.13) 18.36 (16.17 - 20.77) 12.28 (10.57 - 14.23)
Region 17R 4.29 (3.41 - 5.38) 17.77 (15.41 - 20.40) 10.87 (9.20 - 12.80)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.88 (3.10 - 4.85) 17.57 (15.22 - 20.19) 9.84 (8.32 - 11.61)
Region 20R 4.37 (3.48 - 5.49) 19.22 (16.47 - 22.30) 11.08 (9.31 - 13.14)
Region 21R 4.21 (3.35 - 5.26) 18.93 (16.28 - 21.91) 12.71 (10.72 - 15.01)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in California among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
California 4.09 (3.69 - 4.54) 6.61 (6.09 - 7.17)
Region 1R 5.18 (4.15 - 6.44) 7.72 (6.34 - 9.37)
Region 2R 4.30 (3.47 - 5.33) 6.63 (5.30 - 8.27)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 4.23 (3.42 - 5.22) 6.51 (5.29 - 7.98)
Region 4R 4.16 (3.31 - 5.22) 6.42 (5.16 - 7.96)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 4.63 (3.61 - 5.91) 7.38 (5.88 - 9.23)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.87 (3.12 - 4.80) 6.26 (5.18 - 7.55)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.91 (3.09 - 4.94) 6.19 (5.01 - 7.63)
Region 8R (Alameda) 4.35 (3.44 - 5.48) 6.96 (5.68 - 8.50)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 3.73 (2.97 - 4.68) 5.81 (4.69 - 7.19)
Region 10 4.71 (3.77 - 5.87) 7.69 (6.25 - 9.42)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.93 (3.46 - 4.46) 6.46 (5.81 - 7.17)
LA SPA 1 and 5 4.17 (3.37 - 5.15) 7.23 (5.92 - 8.82)
LA SPA 2 4.13 (3.34 - 5.10) 7.06 (5.84 - 8.51)
LA SPA 3 3.64 (2.92 - 4.52) 5.58 (4.53 - 6.86)
LA SPA 4 4.28 (3.40 - 5.37) 6.78 (5.46 - 8.40)
LA SPA 6 4.04 (3.24 - 5.02) 6.48 (5.26 - 7.97)
LA SPA 7 3.55 (2.84 - 4.44) 6.02 (4.79 - 7.54)
LA SPA 8 3.78 (3.03 - 4.70) 6.12 (4.97 - 7.50)
Region 12R 4.52 (3.63 - 5.62) 7.18 (5.79 - 8.86)
Regions 13 and 19R 3.99 (3.29 - 4.84) 6.93 (5.72 - 8.36)
Region 14 (Orange) 3.92 (3.20 - 4.78) 6.30 (5.19 - 7.63)
Region 15R (Fresno) 4.31 (3.49 - 5.30) 6.67 (5.41 - 8.19)
Region 16R (San Diego) 3.92 (3.19 - 4.81) 6.72 (5.59 - 8.06)
Region 17R 4.26 (3.45 - 5.26) 6.09 (4.95 - 7.46)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.80 (3.07 - 4.68) 6.55 (5.37 - 7.97)
Region 20R 4.33 (3.49 - 5.38) 6.49 (5.23 - 8.04)
Region 21R 4.34 (3.51 - 5.36) 6.81 (5.54 - 8.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 5.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 5.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

COLORADO

Table 6.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Colorado 18.07 (16.44 - 19.82) 4.20 (3.55 - 4.95)
Region 1 19.45 (16.27 - 23.08) 4.41 (3.29 - 5.88)
Region 2 14.37 (11.15 - 18.32) 3.57 (2.51 - 5.05)
Region 3 14.06 (11.78 - 16.71) 3.35 (2.51 - 4.46)
Region 4 15.38 (11.86 - 19.71) 3.25 (2.25 - 4.67)
Region 5 25.09 (21.31 - 29.29) 5.77 (4.30 - 7.69)
Region 6 20.90 (17.52 - 24.74) 4.63 (3.41 - 6.26)
Region 7 17.43 (14.34 - 21.01) 4.38 (3.21 - 5.95)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 24.82 (22.89 - 26.84) 16.38 (14.80 - 18.09) 3.85 (3.35 - 4.42) 16.85 (15.17 - 18.68)
Region 1 26.29 (22.43 - 30.56) 17.63 (14.52 - 21.23) 4.81 (3.74 - 6.17) 15.32 (12.47 - 18.68)
Region 2 22.31 (17.99 - 27.31) 13.18 (9.95 - 17.27) 3.42 (2.62 - 4.46) 19.07 (15.38 - 23.40)
Region 3 18.77 (16.02 - 21.87) 12.94 (10.67 - 15.60) 3.13 (2.52 - 3.88) 17.97 (15.17 - 21.15)
Region 4 20.81 (16.54 - 25.84) 14.22 (10.69 - 18.67) 2.80 (2.09 - 3.75) 22.31 (17.95 - 27.38)
Region 5 33.72 (29.31 - 38.44) 21.93 (18.27 - 26.09) 4.57 (3.52 - 5.90) 16.43 (13.40 - 19.97)
Region 6 30.30 (25.93 - 35.06) 19.13 (15.79 - 23.00) 4.61 (3.63 - 5.83) 13.03 (10.49 - 16.08)
Region 7 22.85 (19.25 - 26.90) 15.76 (12.81 - 19.23) 3.75 (2.96 - 4.75) 17.79 (14.49 - 21.65)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 3.24 (2.66 - 3.94) 64.24 (62.06 - 66.35) 0.37 (0.21 - 0.66) 83.50 (81.84 - 85.03)
Region 1 3.02 (2.04 - 4.45) 66.08 (62.10 - 69.85) 0.41 (0.20 - 0.84) 85.36 (82.54 - 87.79)
Region 2 2.46 (1.52 - 3.96) 66.23 (61.41 - 70.74) 0.33 (0.16 - 0.69) 83.62 (80.25 - 86.51)
Region 3 2.51 (1.76 - 3.58) 65.93 (62.30 - 69.38) 0.30 (0.15 - 0.61) 82.34 (79.55 - 84.81)
Region 4 2.24 (1.35 - 3.69) 70.45 (65.73 - 74.76) 0.42 (0.20 - 0.87) 86.30 (83.17 - 88.93)
Region 5 5.88 (4.18 - 8.19) 56.83 (52.24 - 61.31) 0.44 (0.21 - 0.94) 84.01 (80.94 - 86.66)
Region 6 3.99 (2.90 - 5.47) 60.64 (56.20 - 64.91) 0.42 (0.21 - 0.84) 81.81 (78.38 - 84.79)
Region 7 2.42 (1.60 - 3.64) 66.00 (61.76 - 70.00) 0.34 (0.17 - 0.71) 83.67 (80.76 - 86.21)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Colorado 0.83 (0.53 - 1.29) 4.89 (4.17 - 5.71)
Region 1 0.87 (0.46 - 1.64) 5.07 (3.98 - 6.45)
Region 2 0.99 (0.51 - 1.91) 4.98 (3.79 - 6.50)
Region 3 0.73 (0.39 - 1.34) 4.38 (3.41 - 5.61)
Region 4 0.97 (0.51 - 1.86) 4.68 (3.49 - 6.24)
Region 5 0.88 (0.46 - 1.69) 5.07 (3.88 - 6.59)
Region 6 0.84 (0.45 - 1.57) 5.18 (3.93 - 6.79)
Region 7 0.74 (0.39 - 1.42) 5.17 (3.99 - 6.66)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 59.67 (57.44 - 61.87) 28.02 (25.99 - 30.13) 43.94 (41.71 - 46.19)
Region 1 61.49 (56.77 - 66.00) 29.81 (25.96 - 33.98) 42.95 (38.96 - 47.05)
Region 2 54.07 (48.44 - 59.60) 26.11 (21.95 - 30.75) 43.52 (39.01 - 48.13)
Region 3 58.14 (54.44 - 61.76) 25.65 (22.40 - 29.20) 46.65 (43.01 - 50.32)
Region 4 51.90 (45.92 - 57.82) 26.49 (22.10 - 31.40) 45.18 (40.64 - 49.80)
Region 5 64.07 (59.75 - 68.18) 35.27 (30.92 - 39.89) 41.69 (37.73 - 45.76)
Region 6 66.12 (61.81 - 70.17) 27.92 (24.15 - 32.04) 42.61 (38.51 - 46.82)
Region 7 55.21 (50.51 - 59.83) 25.50 (21.85 - 29.52) 43.27 (39.25 - 47.37)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Colorado 20.78 (18.61 - 23.14) 12.97 (11.34 - 14.79)
Region 1 23.33 (18.76 - 28.63) 15.28 (11.72 - 19.67)
Region 2 19.53 (15.31 - 24.57) 12.68 (9.43 - 16.84)
Region 3 17.48 (14.39 - 21.08) 9.92 (7.69 - 12.70)
Region 4 19.38 (14.81 - 24.95) 11.34 (8.31 - 15.28)
Region 5 20.92 (16.89 - 25.61) 13.58 (10.57 - 17.28)
Region 6 25.31 (20.93 - 30.25) 16.20 (12.83 - 20.23)
Region 7 20.77 (16.74 - 25.46) 13.31 (10.30 - 17.02)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 20.39 (18.69 - 22.21) 15.97 (14.47 - 17.60) 73.75 (71.87 - 75.56)
Region 1 20.84 (17.80 - 24.24) 15.55 (12.94 - 18.59) 72.78 (69.60 - 75.75)
Region 2 22.75 (19.14 - 26.81) 17.64 (14.14 - 21.80) 71.80 (68.39 - 74.97)
Region 3 17.15 (14.63 - 19.99) 12.95 (10.82 - 15.43) 76.02 (73.25 - 78.59)
Region 4 26.50 (22.42 - 31.02) 20.62 (16.95 - 24.86) 70.70 (66.98 - 74.16)
Region 5 21.41 (18.27 - 24.94) 18.48 (15.37 - 22.06) 74.24 (71.20 - 77.07)
Region 6 19.75 (16.87 - 22.98) 15.24 (12.72 - 18.16) 74.51 (71.49 - 77.32)
Region 7 21.60 (18.57 - 24.97) 17.63 (14.70 - 20.99) 71.73 (68.64 - 74.62)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 4.03 (3.36 - 4.83) 0.69 (0.50 - 0.95) 7.18 (6.20 - 8.30) 9.85 (8.73 - 11.08)
Region 1 4.25 (3.19 - 5.65) 0.73 (0.43 - 1.22) 7.74 (5.91 - 10.08) 10.70 (8.56 - 13.30)
Region 2 3.80 (2.69 - 5.35) 0.70 (0.41 - 1.17) 7.02 (5.11 - 9.56) 9.97 (7.75 - 12.74)
Region 3 3.27 (2.44 - 4.37) 0.67 (0.40 - 1.11) 6.03 (4.65 - 7.79) 7.80 (6.26 - 9.67)
Region 4 3.68 (2.60 - 5.19) 0.67 (0.38 - 1.18) 6.57 (4.80 - 8.92) 9.02 (6.91 - 11.69)
Region 5 5.33 (3.95 - 7.16) 0.70 (0.42 - 1.19) 10.50 (8.12 - 13.47) 14.48 (11.78 - 17.67)
Region 6 4.25 (3.19 - 5.64) 0.66 (0.39 - 1.12) 6.73 (5.06 - 8.91) 9.53 (7.72 - 11.70)
Region 7 4.05 (3.03 - 5.40) 0.74 (0.43 - 1.26) 6.53 (4.91 - 8.64) 9.13 (7.25 - 11.43)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Colorado among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 3.78 (3.16 - 4.51) 6.84 (5.91 - 7.90) 9.51 (8.37 - 10.79)
Region 1 3.90 (2.88 - 5.25) 7.45 (5.68 - 9.71) 10.67 (8.50 - 13.30)
Region 2 3.64 (2.60 - 5.07) 6.83 (5.11 - 9.07) 9.54 (7.28 - 12.41)
Region 3 2.99 (2.24 - 3.97) 5.66 (4.38 - 7.29) 7.43 (5.90 - 9.31)
Region 4 3.16 (2.21 - 4.50) 6.22 (4.48 - 8.58) 8.01 (5.98 - 10.65)
Region 5 5.42 (3.98 - 7.33) 9.79 (7.56 - 12.59) 14.00 (11.37 - 17.13)
Region 6 4.01 (2.99 - 5.36) 6.47 (4.93 - 8.44) 9.37 (7.39 - 11.80)
Region 7 3.69 (2.77 - 4.91) 6.35 (4.80 - 8.37) 8.81 (6.92 - 11.16)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Colorado among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Colorado 5.23 (4.44 - 6.15) 20.87 (19.07 - 22.80) 16.52 (14.85 - 18.33)
Region 1 5.32 (4.11 - 6.87) 21.76 (18.75 - 25.11) 17.94 (15.20 - 21.04)
Region 2 5.29 (4.05 - 6.88) 21.78 (18.29 - 25.72) 16.44 (13.54 - 19.82)
Region 3 4.70 (3.72 - 5.92) 19.18 (16.46 - 22.23) 14.60 (12.28 - 17.27)
Region 4 5.25 (3.98 - 6.91) 19.15 (15.81 - 23.01) 14.92 (12.29 - 18.00)
Region 5 5.88 (4.58 - 7.54) 22.76 (19.50 - 26.39) 16.97 (14.37 - 19.94)
Region 6 5.37 (4.21 - 6.82) 21.82 (18.73 - 25.26) 18.78 (15.85 - 22.12)
Region 7 5.30 (4.15 - 6.74) 20.32 (17.32 - 23.69) 15.96 (13.39 - 18.93)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

COLORADO

Table 6.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Colorado among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Colorado 5.34 (4.49 - 6.34) 8.04 (7.01 - 9.22)
Region 1 5.29 (4.12 - 6.77) 8.84 (7.05 - 11.01)
Region 2 5.46 (4.22 - 7.02) 8.17 (6.44 - 10.30)
Region 3 5.20 (4.08 - 6.60) 7.41 (6.03 - 9.09)
Region 4 4.77 (3.69 - 6.14) 7.29 (5.76 - 9.20)
Region 5 5.78 (4.52 - 7.38) 8.64 (6.93 - 10.73)
Region 6 5.30 (4.11 - 6.81) 8.06 (6.47 - 10.00)
Region 7 5.53 (4.32 - 7.06) 7.98 (6.38 - 9.92)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 6.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Colorado, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 6.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 12.86 (11.42 - 14.44) 3.70 (3.10 - 4.42)
Eastern 13.69 (10.91 - 17.04) 3.86 (2.78 - 5.33)
North Central 14.14 (11.90 - 16.71) 4.14 (3.14 - 5.45)
Northwestern 12.40 (10.01 - 15.26) 3.88 (2.87 - 5.23)
South Central 12.89 (10.66 - 15.51) 3.51 (2.60 - 4.73)
Southwest 10.87 (8.80 - 13.37) 3.04 (2.22 - 4.15)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 17.04 (15.48 - 18.73) 10.88 (9.56 - 12.36) 2.92 (2.54 - 3.36) 21.17 (19.18 - 23.31)
Eastern 18.00 (14.76 - 21.78) 11.36 (8.90 - 14.40) 3.11 (2.41 - 4.00) 19.60 (16.03 - 23.73)
North Central 18.52 (15.92 - 21.45) 11.83 (9.75 - 14.28) 3.00 (2.42 - 3.73) 21.65 (18.47 - 25.21)
Northwestern 16.34 (13.53 - 19.60) 10.40 (8.20 - 13.11) 2.71 (2.15 - 3.42) 20.63 (17.19 - 24.56)
South Central 16.48 (13.90 - 19.41) 10.96 (8.89 - 13.45) 2.96 (2.37 - 3.70) 20.32 (17.10 - 23.98)
Southwest 15.63 (12.97 - 18.72) 9.55 (7.51 - 12.07) 2.82 (2.25 - 3.53) 22.96 (19.35 - 27.01)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 2.29 (1.79 - 2.92) 68.51 (66.33 - 70.62) 0.60 (0.36 - 1.00) 87.10 (85.64 - 88.44)
Eastern 2.47 (1.56 - 3.89) 68.05 (63.75 - 72.06) 0.64 (0.33 - 1.24) 85.97 (83.21 - 88.34)
North Central 2.27 (1.57 - 3.28) 68.84 (65.29 - 72.18) 0.67 (0.37 - 1.22) 87.37 (85.03 - 89.38)
Northwestern 2.10 (1.37 - 3.20) 69.09 (65.13 - 72.79) 0.61 (0.32 - 1.16) 87.86 (85.30 - 90.03)
South Central 2.50 (1.71 - 3.63) 69.01 (65.33 - 72.47) 0.59 (0.30 - 1.12) 87.36 (84.89 - 89.47)
Southwest 2.11 (1.40 - 3.17) 67.22 (63.02 - 71.16) 0.47 (0.23 - 0.98) 86.45 (83.67 - 88.81)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 0.30 (0.15 - 0.58) 3.98 (3.33 - 4.74)
Eastern 0.38 (0.17 - 0.83) 4.09 (3.12 - 5.33)
North Central 0.28 (0.13 - 0.62) 4.40 (3.40 - 5.67)
Northwestern 0.31 (0.13 - 0.70) 4.02 (3.06 - 5.27)
South Central 0.26 (0.11 - 0.60) 3.73 (2.87 - 4.84)
Southwest 0.32 (0.13 - 0.76) 3.57 (2.69 - 4.72)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 60.63 (58.15 - 63.05) 28.64 (26.52 - 30.87) 43.86 (41.51 - 46.24)
Eastern 58.32 (53.31 - 63.17) 29.12 (25.06 - 33.55) 39.76 (35.64 - 44.04)
North Central 62.99 (59.06 - 66.76) 27.77 (24.51 - 31.28) 45.34 (41.71 - 49.02)
Northwestern 59.07 (54.52 - 63.46) 27.62 (23.91 - 31.66) 45.24 (41.15 - 49.41)
South Central 59.43 (55.10 - 63.61) 28.59 (25.13 - 32.33) 42.56 (38.61 - 46.60)
Southwest 61.48 (57.06 - 65.72) 30.58 (26.45 - 35.05) 44.61 (40.56 - 48.73)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 25.68 (23.32 - 28.18) 16.68 (14.64 - 18.94)
Eastern 28.83 (23.44 - 34.90) 21.48 (16.78 - 27.08)
North Central 26.34 (22.41 - 30.69) 15.26 (12.22 - 18.89)
Northwestern 25.10 (20.83 - 29.93) 15.57 (12.18 - 19.68)
South Central 25.23 (21.44 - 29.43) 17.73 (14.43 - 21.60)
Southwest 23.71 (20.03 - 27.82) 15.18 (12.25 - 18.66)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 21.26 (19.39 - 23.25) 16.55 (14.90 - 18.34) 74.54 (72.52 - 76.45)
Eastern 22.51 (19.01 - 26.44) 17.18 (14.18 - 20.66) 72.22 (68.98 - 75.25)
North Central 22.00 (19.23 - 25.04) 17.34 (14.70 - 20.35) 73.19 (70.08 - 76.08)
Northwestern 23.06 (19.87 - 26.60) 18.59 (15.63 - 21.97) 74.36 (71.19 - 77.29)
South Central 21.63 (18.64 - 24.95) 16.12 (13.57 - 19.04) 75.34 (72.30 - 78.15)
Southwest 17.39 (14.69 - 20.46) 13.73 (11.21 - 16.71) 77.11 (74.07 - 79.89)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 3.27 (2.72 - 3.94) 0.58 (0.41 - 0.82) 6.06 (5.14 - 7.12) 8.35 (7.27 - 9.56)
Eastern 3.59 (2.63 - 4.88) 0.59 (0.34 - 1.01) 6.11 (4.59 - 8.10) 8.86 (6.90 - 11.31)
North Central 3.30 (2.52 - 4.31) 0.65 (0.38 - 1.11) 6.25 (4.79 - 8.12) 8.69 (7.07 - 10.64)
Northwestern 3.07 (2.27 - 4.14) 0.61 (0.35 - 1.06) 5.80 (4.25 - 7.87) 8.05 (6.34 - 10.17)
South Central 3.58 (2.72 - 4.70) 0.55 (0.32 - 0.96) 5.93 (4.50 - 7.77) 8.44 (6.78 - 10.47)
Southwest 2.86 (2.11 - 3.85) 0.50 (0.28 - 0.88) 6.13 (4.60 - 8.13) 7.69 (6.07 - 9.70)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Connecticut among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 2.97 (2.45 - 3.59) 5.69 (4.81 - 6.73) 7.44 (6.48 - 8.53)
Eastern 3.24 (2.32 - 4.51) 6.21 (4.69 - 8.19) 8.03 (6.16 - 10.41)
North Central 2.96 (2.23 - 3.91) 5.49 (4.19 - 7.17) 7.57 (6.07 - 9.41)
Northwestern 2.72 (2.01 - 3.67) 5.51 (4.12 - 7.34) 7.18 (5.58 - 9.18)
South Central 3.38 (2.54 - 4.49) 5.66 (4.35 - 7.34) 7.59 (6.05 - 9.49)
Southwest 2.52 (1.87 - 3.40) 5.85 (4.40 - 7.75) 6.95 (5.39 - 8.94)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Connecticut among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 4.15 (3.47 - 4.95) 18.62 (16.84 - 20.55) 17.11 (15.37 - 19.01)
Eastern 4.36 (3.36 - 5.64) 20.15 (17.15 - 23.51) 17.64 (14.75 - 20.96)
North Central 4.28 (3.36 - 5.45) 19.14 (16.46 - 22.13) 17.09 (14.59 - 19.93)
Northwestern 3.80 (2.88 - 5.00) 18.41 (15.59 - 21.61) 17.61 (14.84 - 20.78)
South Central 4.38 (3.41 - 5.61) 17.43 (14.79 - 20.43) 17.61 (14.94 - 20.63)
Southwest 3.84 (2.95 - 4.99) 18.57 (15.63 - 21.91) 15.76 (13.12 - 18.82)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

CONNECTICUT

Table 7.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Connecticut among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Connecticut 4.17 (3.47 - 5.01) 6.84 (5.90 - 7.92)
Eastern 4.63 (3.61 - 5.91) 7.34 (5.83 - 9.22)
North Central 3.94 (3.10 - 5.00) 7.34 (5.91 - 9.07)
Northwestern 4.00 (3.05 - 5.24) 6.43 (5.10 - 8.08)
South Central 4.23 (3.30 - 5.42) 6.93 (5.57 - 8.58)
Southwest 4.30 (3.33 - 5.54) 6.05 (4.77 - 7.63)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 7.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Connecticut, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 7.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Delaware 12.84 (11.43 - 14.40) 3.32 (2.71 - 4.06)
Kent 12.37 (10.09 - 15.08) 3.20 (2.33 - 4.36)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 12.59 (10.88 - 14.51) 3.38 (2.60 - 4.39)
Sussex 10.60 (8.48 - 13.17) 3.07 (2.20 - 4.26)
Wilmington City 21.96 (17.26 - 27.53) 3.95 (2.68 - 5.77)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 16.33 (14.82 - 17.97) 11.12 (9.77 - 12.62) 2.24 (1.95 - 2.57) 22.64 (20.57 - 24.85)
Kent 15.41 (12.75 - 18.51) 11.00 (8.71 - 13.81) 2.25 (1.77 - 2.84) 24.88 (21.23 - 28.93)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 17.30 (15.34 - 19.46) 11.04 (9.42 - 12.91) 2.51 (2.12 - 2.97) 22.03 (19.49 - 24.81)
Sussex 12.02 (9.68 - 14.84) 8.38 (6.40 - 10.91) 1.51 (1.18 - 1.93) 23.08 (19.32 - 27.32)
Wilmington City 24.52 (19.63 - 30.18) 19.63 (15.31 - 24.81) 3.01 (2.19 - 4.11) 20.15 (15.99 - 25.08)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 2.12 (1.65 - 2.71) 71.09 (68.95 - 73.14) 0.82 (0.52 - 1.28) 87.72 (86.29 - 89.02)
Kent 1.75 (1.09 - 2.77) 71.92 (68.11 - 75.43) 0.75 (0.39 - 1.42) 87.62 (85.29 - 89.62)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 2.42 (1.81 - 3.23) 69.55 (66.74 - 72.21) 0.78 (0.48 - 1.29) 87.47 (85.57 - 89.16)
Sussex 1.70 (1.10 - 2.62) 74.11 (70.31 - 77.59) 0.81 (0.44 - 1.50) 88.79 (86.48 - 90.75)
Wilmington City 2.25 (1.31 - 3.85) 70.46 (65.28 - 75.17) 1.22 (0.55 - 2.67) 86.49 (83.17 - 89.23)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Delaware 0.61 (0.36 - 1.02) 3.98 (3.34 - 4.74)
Kent 0.65 (0.32 - 1.31) 4.49 (3.46 - 5.82)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 0.55 (0.30 - 1.00) 3.75 (2.99 - 4.71)
Sussex 0.75 (0.38 - 1.49) 4.10 (3.11 - 5.39)
Wilmington City 0.46 (0.20 - 1.02) 3.97 (2.98 - 5.28)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 52.82 (50.27 - 55.37) 23.41 (21.51 - 25.42) 42.16 (39.98 - 44.37)
Kent 49.10 (44.25 - 53.98) 22.79 (19.39 - 26.59) 43.48 (39.55 - 47.49)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 56.51 (53.37 - 59.60) 23.99 (21.57 - 26.60) 41.04 (38.22 - 43.91)
Sussex 48.97 (44.43 - 53.54) 22.79 (19.40 - 26.57) 41.50 (37.61 - 45.49)
Wilmington City 48.66 (42.39 - 54.97) 22.84 (18.55 - 27.79) 48.24 (43.45 - 53.06)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Delaware 18.10 (15.98 - 20.43) 10.93 (9.37 - 12.72)
Kent 15.53 (12.31 - 19.41) 9.40 (7.08 - 12.37)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 20.41 (17.47 - 23.71) 12.59 (10.38 - 15.19)
Sussex 16.35 (13.02 - 20.33) 9.52 (7.18 - 12.50)
Wilmington City 12.83 (9.53 - 17.04) 6.78 (4.78 - 9.53)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 22.72 (20.89 - 24.67) 18.55 (16.84 - 20.39) 71.85 (69.82 - 73.80)
Kent 24.41 (21.20 - 27.93) 20.85 (17.71 - 24.39) 70.90 (67.61 - 73.98)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 20.63 (18.45 - 22.99) 16.58 (14.46 - 18.95) 73.82 (71.36 - 76.14)
Sussex 24.47 (21.16 - 28.11) 18.76 (15.90 - 22.01) 68.55 (65.08 - 71.83)
Wilmington City 27.36 (22.97 - 32.23) 25.23 (20.69 - 30.39) 70.83 (67.11 - 74.29)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 3.38 (2.81 - 4.06) 0.74 (0.52 - 1.05) 5.98 (5.04 - 7.09) 8.22 (7.13 - 9.45)
Kent 3.30 (2.43 - 4.47) 0.67 (0.40 - 1.11) 5.58 (4.14 - 7.50) 7.52 (5.82 - 9.66)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.51 (2.78 - 4.42) 0.76 (0.46 - 1.26) 6.47 (5.25 - 7.95) 8.85 (7.49 - 10.44)
Sussex 2.92 (2.17 - 3.93) 0.77 (0.44 - 1.33) 5.29 (3.88 - 7.17) 7.17 (5.57 - 9.17)
Wilmington City 4.02 (2.85 - 5.66) 0.63 (0.36 - 1.11) 5.72 (4.02 - 8.08) 8.73 (6.63 - 11.41)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Delaware among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 2.86 (2.36 - 3.45) 5.73 (4.82 - 6.81) 7.36 (6.39 - 8.47)
Kent 2.75 (2.00 - 3.78) 5.50 (4.13 - 7.29) 6.77 (5.24 - 8.70)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.01 (2.38 - 3.80) 6.05 (4.88 - 7.47) 8.04 (6.72 - 9.59)
Sussex 2.33 (1.69 - 3.20) 5.27 (3.87 - 7.15) 6.34 (4.89 - 8.17)
Wilmington City 3.63 (2.52 - 5.20) 5.57 (3.98 - 7.75) 7.32 (5.39 - 9.86)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Delaware among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Delaware 5.36 (4.50 - 6.38) 19.54 (17.76 - 21.46) 16.57 (14.87 - 18.43)
Kent 5.55 (4.32 - 7.12) 20.03 (17.09 - 23.32) 16.12 (13.51 - 19.13)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 5.45 (4.42 - 6.71) 19.84 (17.66 - 22.22) 17.27 (15.13 - 19.64)
Sussex 5.02 (3.82 - 6.57) 18.50 (15.67 - 21.71) 15.96 (13.25 - 19.10)
Wilmington City 5.31 (3.99 - 7.04) 19.51 (16.06 - 23.50) 14.85 (12.20 - 17.96)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DELAWARE

Table 8.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Delaware among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Delaware 4.87 (4.03 - 5.87) 7.76 (6.68 - 9.01)
Kent 5.04 (3.89 - 6.51) 8.43 (6.75 - 10.48)
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 4.93 (3.95 - 6.14) 7.75 (6.46 - 9.27)
Sussex 4.51 (3.39 - 5.98) 7.42 (5.86 - 9.36)
Wilmington City 5.12 (3.80 - 6.87) 7.31 (5.60 - 9.50)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 8.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Delaware, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 8.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 19.38 (17.48 - 21.43) 5.53 (4.58 - 6.65)
Ward 1 23.55 (19.28 - 28.44) 6.78 (4.89 - 9.32)
Ward 2 22.49 (18.37 - 27.22) 7.20 (5.21 - 9.85)
Ward 3 16.75 (13.66 - 20.39) 5.79 (4.21 - 7.92)
Ward 4 15.71 (12.33 - 19.81) 4.24 (2.96 - 6.04)
Ward 5 20.53 (16.88 - 24.73) 5.59 (4.04 - 7.70)
Ward 6 17.39 (14.00 - 21.39) 5.41 (3.90 - 7.44)
Ward 7 17.03 (13.72 - 20.95) 3.82 (2.65 - 5.46)
Ward 8 21.45 (17.82 - 25.60) 5.16 (3.69 - 7.17)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 25.71 (23.81 - 27.72) 16.55 (14.90 - 18.34) 4.10 (3.51 - 4.78) 15.61 (13.92 - 17.47)
Ward 1 32.19 (27.50 - 37.27) 19.12 (15.28 - 23.66) 5.31 (3.93 - 7.15) 13.19 (10.39 - 16.60)
Ward 2 31.08 (26.17 - 36.44) 19.61 (15.58 - 24.37) 5.80 (4.25 - 7.86) 10.73 (8.29 - 13.77)
Ward 3 21.98 (18.46 - 25.96) 13.83 (11.12 - 17.09) 5.35 (4.01 - 7.10) 11.07 (8.81 - 13.82)
Ward 4 19.20 (15.44 - 23.62) 12.65 (9.81 - 16.18) 2.62 (1.98 - 3.45) 18.92 (15.13 - 23.39)
Ward 5 26.73 (22.74 - 31.13) 17.48 (14.01 - 21.61) 3.61 (2.75 - 4.73) 17.51 (14.24 - 21.34)
Ward 6 25.06 (20.92 - 29.71) 14.49 (11.50 - 18.09) 3.69 (2.79 - 4.85) 12.22 (9.60 - 15.44)
Ward 7 22.81 (18.74 - 27.46) 15.72 (12.48 - 19.62) 3.05 (2.35 - 3.96) 20.96 (17.24 - 25.24)
Ward 8 26.22 (22.30 - 30.55) 19.50 (15.98 - 23.58) 3.92 (3.06 - 5.00) 21.42 (17.83 - 25.50)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 4.26 (3.42 - 5.29) 59.17 (56.78 - 61.51) 0.37 (0.19 - 0.72) 81.41 (79.49 - 83.19)
Ward 1 5.17 (3.45 - 7.69) 51.33 (46.25 - 56.38) 0.41 (0.18 - 0.92) 78.80 (74.73 - 82.38)
Ward 2 5.62 (3.74 - 8.36) 50.55 (45.28 - 55.80) 0.40 (0.17 - 0.93) 79.98 (75.99 - 83.45)
Ward 3 3.90 (2.61 - 5.79) 52.17 (47.42 - 56.88) 0.34 (0.15 - 0.75) 79.61 (75.86 - 82.91)
Ward 4 2.80 (1.72 - 4.52) 60.47 (55.40 - 65.32) 0.25 (0.11 - 0.59) 83.52 (80.02 - 86.51)
Ward 5 4.35 (2.87 - 6.54) 63.82 (59.25 - 68.16) 0.37 (0.16 - 0.83) 82.71 (79.37 - 85.61)
Ward 6 4.96 (3.33 - 7.32) 53.88 (49.07 - 58.62) 0.33 (0.14 - 0.76) 77.01 (72.62 - 80.88)
Ward 7 3.26 (2.01 - 5.27) 71.08 (66.65 - 75.15) 0.39 (0.16 - 0.98) 85.72 (82.60 - 88.36)
Ward 8 3.78 (2.44 - 5.82) 72.21 (68.13 - 75.96) 0.48 (0.19 - 1.21) 84.65 (81.79 - 87.13)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 0.27 (0.14 - 0.53) 4.22 (3.57 - 4.98)
Ward 1 0.39 (0.16 - 0.97) 4.26 (3.18 - 5.69)
Ward 2 0.42 (0.16 - 1.08) 4.82 (3.63 - 6.39)
Ward 3 0.35 (0.14 - 0.87) 4.33 (3.28 - 5.70)
Ward 4 0.22 (0.09 - 0.53) 3.82 (2.84 - 5.11)
Ward 5 0.21 (0.09 - 0.50) 4.46 (3.39 - 5.85)
Ward 6 0.33 (0.13 - 0.82) 4.23 (3.17 - 5.62)
Ward 7 0.11 (0.04 - 0.28) 3.55 (2.61 - 4.81)
Ward 8 0.12 (0.04 - 0.30) 4.21 (3.17 - 5.57)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 66.66 (64.42 - 68.82) 37.01 (34.75 - 39.34) 42.56 (40.22 - 44.95)
Ward 1 73.83 (69.12 - 78.04) 45.72 (40.73 - 50.79) 37.27 (33.16 - 41.56)
Ward 2 77.25 (72.74 - 81.21) 43.64 (38.78 - 48.63) 34.21 (30.10 - 38.57)
Ward 3 77.46 (73.51 - 80.97) 36.71 (32.43 - 41.20) 36.67 (32.69 - 40.84)
Ward 4 63.57 (58.44 - 68.41) 33.24 (28.51 - 38.34) 46.73 (42.23 - 51.28)
Ward 5 62.20 (57.33 - 66.84) 33.28 (28.97 - 37.88) 45.49 (41.32 - 49.72)
Ward 6 76.09 (72.06 - 79.71) 42.49 (37.75 - 47.38) 39.18 (35.10 - 43.42)
Ward 7 50.26 (45.10 - 55.41) 28.54 (24.31 - 33.19) 51.55 (47.21 - 55.88)
Ward 8 49.56 (44.74 - 54.39) 31.11 (26.86 - 35.71) 51.14 (46.71 - 55.55)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 23.13 (20.37 - 26.13) 16.10 (13.87 - 18.62)
Ward 1 25.14 (18.66 - 32.96) 19.24 (13.98 - 25.89)
Ward 2 49.32 (40.52 - 58.15) 37.56 (29.86 - 45.95)
Ward 3 32.61 (26.87 - 38.93) 22.40 (17.48 - 28.23)
Ward 4 16.46 (12.58 - 21.25) 10.46 (7.70 - 14.06)
Ward 5 19.92 (14.99 - 25.97) 14.17 (10.40 - 19.02)
Ward 6 19.16 (15.37 - 23.61) 13.33 (10.21 - 17.22)
Ward 7 12.16 (8.93 - 16.36) 6.50 (4.54 - 9.23)
Ward 8 13.15 (10.00 - 17.12) 7.92 (5.72 - 10.88)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 22.63 (20.79 - 24.59) 18.78 (17.04 - 20.66) 76.46 (74.55 - 78.27)
Ward 1 21.25 (17.71 - 25.29) 17.39 (13.99 - 21.42) 77.18 (74.22 - 79.90)
Ward 2 21.14 (17.74 - 25.00) 16.73 (13.47 - 20.57) 77.37 (74.29 - 80.19)
Ward 3 19.40 (16.45 - 22.73) 15.42 (12.64 - 18.69) 78.32 (75.35 - 81.01)
Ward 4 18.25 (15.22 - 21.73) 15.36 (12.40 - 18.89) 78.27 (75.08 - 81.16)
Ward 5 24.74 (21.07 - 28.80) 22.02 (18.31 - 26.23) 76.37 (73.32 - 79.17)
Ward 6 20.48 (17.24 - 24.15) 15.42 (12.50 - 18.87) 77.52 (74.44 - 80.33)
Ward 7 25.41 (21.66 - 29.58) 21.12 (17.49 - 25.26) 73.38 (70.29 - 76.26)
Ward 8 31.14 (27.25 - 35.31) 27.63 (23.52 - 32.16) 72.77 (69.70 - 75.64)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 4.28 (3.51 - 5.21) 0.60 (0.42 - 0.85) 9.68 (8.39 - 11.14) 11.60 (10.25 - 13.09)
Ward 1 4.22 (3.01 - 5.89) 0.60 (0.34 - 1.08) 10.94 (8.40 - 14.13) 13.36 (10.44 - 16.94)
Ward 2 4.73 (3.38 - 6.57) 0.57 (0.32 - 1.01) 11.91 (9.03 - 15.53) 14.24 (11.30 - 17.80)
Ward 3 3.86 (2.80 - 5.30) 0.55 (0.31 - 0.99) 9.86 (7.54 - 12.78) 11.65 (9.33 - 14.45)
Ward 4 3.27 (2.33 - 4.58) 0.54 (0.29 - 1.02) 8.20 (5.98 - 11.15) 9.08 (6.98 - 11.73)
Ward 5 4.85 (3.54 - 6.62) 0.63 (0.35 - 1.13) 9.21 (7.01 - 12.02) 11.49 (9.11 - 14.40)
Ward 6 3.86 (2.78 - 5.33) 0.62 (0.34 - 1.14) 9.63 (7.34 - 12.54) 11.90 (9.46 - 14.85)
Ward 7 4.35 (3.10 - 6.08) 0.51 (0.28 - 0.95) 7.21 (5.26 - 9.82) 8.67 (6.73 - 11.09)
Ward 8 5.14 (3.73 - 7.05) 0.75 (0.39 - 1.44) 10.23 (7.76 - 13.38) 12.04 (9.50 - 15.15)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in the District of Columbia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 3.85 (3.16 - 4.68) 8.67 (7.46 - 10.05) 10.55 (9.30 - 11.94)
Ward 1 4.00 (2.81 - 5.65) 9.63 (7.35 - 12.51) 12.31 (9.59 - 15.68)
Ward 2 4.55 (3.19 - 6.44) 11.11 (8.53 - 14.35) 13.21 (10.29 - 16.80)
Ward 3 3.62 (2.62 - 4.98) 8.86 (6.87 - 11.37) 10.58 (8.31 - 13.38)
Ward 4 3.04 (2.17 - 4.25) 7.41 (5.51 - 9.91) 8.58 (6.47 - 11.30)
Ward 5 4.22 (3.02 - 5.87) 8.49 (6.42 - 11.15) 10.60 (8.33 - 13.39)
Ward 6 3.59 (2.56 - 5.01) 8.87 (6.78 - 11.53) 10.89 (8.46 - 13.93)
Ward 7 3.40 (2.44 - 4.74) 6.69 (4.95 - 8.98) 7.80 (5.88 - 10.28)
Ward 8 4.32 (3.08 - 6.02) 7.93 (6.02 - 10.37) 10.02 (7.81 - 12.76)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in the District of Columbia among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 4.48 (3.78 - 5.30) 21.60 (19.75 - 23.56) 17.45 (15.70 - 19.35)
Ward 1 4.77 (3.67 - 6.17) 23.19 (19.64 - 27.17) 18.62 (15.68 - 21.98)
Ward 2 5.57 (4.32 - 7.17) 26.32 (22.70 - 30.30) 21.95 (18.49 - 25.86)
Ward 3 5.18 (4.04 - 6.61) 23.69 (20.31 - 27.44) 23.30 (20.02 - 26.95)
Ward 4 3.57 (2.69 - 4.72) 18.30 (15.34 - 21.69) 14.40 (11.90 - 17.31)
Ward 5 3.96 (3.01 - 5.19) 19.51 (16.55 - 22.86) 14.35 (11.95 - 17.13)
Ward 6 4.51 (3.43 - 5.90) 22.37 (19.00 - 26.14) 20.04 (17.04 - 23.43)
Ward 7 3.85 (2.92 - 5.07) 18.04 (15.10 - 21.42) 12.67 (10.30 - 15.50)
Ward 8 4.21 (3.23 - 5.48) 20.31 (17.28 - 23.71) 12.70 (10.39 - 15.44)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 9.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in the District of Columbia among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
District of Columbia 4.03 (3.31 - 4.91) 7.93 (6.90 - 9.10)
Ward 1 4.31 (3.31 - 5.61) 8.27 (6.54 - 10.41)
Ward 2 5.33 (4.12 - 6.87) 10.19 (8.22 - 12.58)
Ward 3 4.37 (3.38 - 5.65) 9.89 (7.96 - 12.22)
Ward 4 3.25 (2.41 - 4.35) 6.51 (5.07 - 8.32)
Ward 5 3.65 (2.79 - 4.76) 6.76 (5.31 - 8.58)
Ward 6 4.06 (3.07 - 5.34) 8.31 (6.58 - 10.46)
Ward 7 3.35 (2.52 - 4.43) 6.18 (4.77 - 7.99)
Ward 8 3.68 (2.80 - 4.82) 6.80 (5.39 - 8.55)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in the Daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 9.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in the District of Columbia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 9.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Florida 10.37 (9.62 - 11.17) 3.12 (2.76 - 3.53)
Broward (Circuit 17) 9.71 (8.01 - 11.73) 3.04 (2.26 - 4.08)
Central I 10.51 (9.24 - 11.92) 2.90 (2.34 - 3.59)
Circuit 9 10.32 (8.80 - 12.08) 2.75 (2.07 - 3.65)
Circuit 18 10.79 (8.81 - 13.16) 3.12 (2.32 - 4.19)
Central II 10.88 (9.76 - 12.10) 3.11 (2.63 - 3.68)
Circuit 6 11.74 (9.73 - 14.09) 3.07 (2.28 - 4.13)
Circuit 10 9.64 (7.63 - 12.11) 2.99 (2.17 - 4.12)
Circuit 12 11.96 (9.40 - 15.11) 3.17 (2.28 - 4.39)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 12.22 (10.30 - 14.44) 3.52 (2.69 - 4.60)
Circuit 20 8.52 (6.72 - 10.75) 2.75 (2.00 - 3.77)
Northeast 11.04 (9.84 - 12.36) 3.25 (2.71 - 3.88)
Circuit 4 11.31 (9.31 - 13.67) 3.50 (2.59 - 4.70)
Circuit 5 9.25 (7.39 - 11.51) 2.73 (2.00 - 3.73)
Circuit 7 12.61 (10.23 - 15.45) 3.38 (2.47 - 4.62)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 11.51 (9.10 - 14.46) 3.55 (2.57 - 4.89)
Northwest 12.98 (11.27 - 14.91) 4.01 (3.23 - 4.97)
Circuit 1 12.19 (9.86 - 14.99) 4.12 (3.03 - 5.59)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 15.07 (12.13 - 18.58) 3.96 (2.88 - 5.42)
Circuit 14 11.76 (9.16 - 14.97) 3.82 (2.70 - 5.37)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 7.74 (6.51 - 9.19) 2.77 (2.14 - 3.59)
Southeast 9.86 (8.32 - 11.64) 3.12 (2.46 - 3.94)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 9.94 (8.11 - 12.12) 3.25 (2.43 - 4.34)
Circuit 19 9.68 (7.48 - 12.44) 2.82 (2.00 - 3.95)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 13.89 (13.06 - 14.76) 8.83 (8.16 - 9.55) 1.71 (1.57 - 1.87) 30.75 (29.47 - 32.07)
Broward (Circuit 17) 12.90 (10.81 - 15.33) 7.57 (6.11 - 9.34) 1.59 (1.31 - 1.94) 31.91 (28.35 - 35.69)
Central I 13.71 (12.18 - 15.40) 9.19 (7.97 - 10.58) 1.76 (1.52 - 2.04) 31.05 (28.58 - 33.63)
Circuit 9 13.42 (11.57 - 15.51) 8.99 (7.52 - 10.72) 1.81 (1.51 - 2.16) 33.74 (30.64 - 36.99)
Circuit 18 14.15 (11.71 - 17.01) 9.49 (7.59 - 11.80) 1.68 (1.36 - 2.08) 27.02 (23.41 - 30.98)
Central II 14.33 (13.05 - 15.70) 9.30 (8.26 - 10.46) 1.70 (1.52 - 1.91) 28.73 (26.76 - 30.79)
Circuit 6 15.45 (12.95 - 18.33) 9.61 (7.76 - 11.84) 1.86 (1.53 - 2.27) 25.25 (21.86 - 28.99)
Circuit 10 12.16 (9.90 - 14.84) 8.30 (6.35 - 10.78) 1.61 (1.29 - 2.01) 32.56 (28.43 - 36.98)
Circuit 12 15.47 (12.44 - 19.07) 10.41 (7.97 - 13.48) 1.81 (1.41 - 2.32) 26.19 (22.14 - 30.69)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 17.08 (14.74 - 19.72) 10.98 (9.19 - 13.08) 2.04 (1.67 - 2.49) 28.57 (25.21 - 32.20)
Circuit 20 10.67 (8.54 - 13.25) 7.06 (5.42 - 9.15) 1.22 (0.98 - 1.53) 32.25 (28.21 - 36.57)
Northeast 15.23 (13.69 - 16.91) 9.28 (8.15 - 10.56) 1.92 (1.67 - 2.20) 26.10 (23.98 - 28.34)
Circuit 4 16.25 (13.59 - 19.33) 9.52 (7.61 - 11.84) 2.03 (1.64 - 2.51) 27.57 (24.13 - 31.30)
Circuit 5 12.61 (10.21 - 15.49) 7.76 (6.03 - 9.95) 1.44 (1.14 - 1.83) 28.15 (24.20 - 32.47)
Circuit 7 17.00 (14.12 - 20.33) 10.55 (8.30 - 13.33) 2.28 (1.78 - 2.91) 23.37 (19.69 - 27.51)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 15.49 (12.61 - 18.87) 9.79 (7.52 - 12.64) 2.20 (1.71 - 2.84) 23.37 (19.52 - 27.72)
Northwest 17.57 (15.48 - 19.88) 11.28 (9.67 - 13.12) 2.73 (2.30 - 3.23) 24.74 (22.20 - 27.47)
Circuit 1 17.38 (14.25 - 21.03) 10.59 (8.37 - 13.30) 3.07 (2.43 - 3.87) 23.73 (20.04 - 27.86)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 20.36 (16.94 - 24.26) 13.73 (10.89 - 17.17) 2.78 (2.16 - 3.56) 23.75 (19.88 - 28.10)
Circuit 14 13.91 (10.80 - 17.73) 9.31 (6.91 - 12.43) 1.93 (1.47 - 2.53) 28.65 (23.98 - 33.83)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 10.24 (8.78 - 11.90) 6.72 (5.60 - 8.05) 1.24 (1.02 - 1.50) 44.05 (41.01 - 47.13)
Southeast 13.65 (11.63 - 15.96) 8.50 (7.06 - 10.21) 1.58 (1.32 - 1.89) 29.56 (26.59 - 32.70)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 13.81 (11.40 - 16.64) 8.47 (6.75 - 10.58) 1.47 (1.17 - 1.83) 29.31 (25.65 - 33.27)
Circuit 19 13.29 (10.28 - 17.01) 8.58 (6.43 - 11.38) 1.84 (1.42 - 2.38) 30.10 (25.61 - 34.99)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 1.93 (1.66 - 2.23) 76.26 (75.19 - 77.29) 0.32 (0.22 - 0.47) 89.03 (88.24 - 89.78)
Broward (Circuit 17) 1.42 (0.93 - 2.17) 75.72 (72.84 - 78.39) 0.26 (0.15 - 0.48) 89.07 (87.04 - 90.81)
Central I 1.98 (1.53 - 2.55) 75.73 (73.62 - 77.73) 0.30 (0.18 - 0.49) 88.14 (86.73 - 89.43)
Circuit 9 2.00 (1.46 - 2.73) 76.31 (73.69 - 78.74) 0.28 (0.16 - 0.52) 88.12 (86.31 - 89.72)
Circuit 18 1.94 (1.33 - 2.84) 74.88 (71.44 - 78.02) 0.31 (0.17 - 0.57) 88.18 (85.90 - 90.14)
Central II 1.82 (1.49 - 2.23) 76.43 (74.78 - 78.01) 0.31 (0.21 - 0.48) 89.01 (87.87 - 90.06)
Circuit 6 1.88 (1.31 - 2.68) 75.80 (72.60 - 78.73) 0.34 (0.19 - 0.60) 89.18 (87.08 - 90.97)
Circuit 10 1.72 (1.12 - 2.62) 79.10 (75.96 - 81.93) 0.30 (0.16 - 0.55) 89.68 (87.66 - 91.41)
Circuit 12 1.61 (1.04 - 2.49) 77.14 (73.46 - 80.45) 0.30 (0.17 - 0.53) 89.35 (86.97 - 91.34)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 2.34 (1.67 - 3.28) 74.85 (71.86 - 77.62) 0.32 (0.18 - 0.57) 88.27 (86.27 - 90.01)
Circuit 20 1.41 (0.95 - 2.10) 76.81 (73.40 - 79.90) 0.31 (0.17 - 0.56) 88.99 (86.75 - 90.89)
Northeast 2.11 (1.66 - 2.67) 75.16 (73.26 - 76.96) 0.37 (0.24 - 0.56) 88.77 (87.53 - 89.89)
Circuit 4 2.26 (1.52 - 3.33) 73.58 (70.21 - 76.71) 0.40 (0.23 - 0.70) 88.11 (85.99 - 89.95)
Circuit 5 1.60 (1.07 - 2.40) 77.24 (74.01 - 80.18) 0.33 (0.18 - 0.60) 89.98 (87.84 - 91.77)
Circuit 7 2.58 (1.74 - 3.81) 75.61 (72.14 - 78.78) 0.35 (0.20 - 0.61) 88.83 (86.61 - 90.72)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 2.05 (1.34 - 3.14) 73.42 (69.61 - 76.91) 0.38 (0.21 - 0.70) 87.56 (85.24 - 89.57)
Northwest 2.62 (1.99 - 3.45) 73.70 (71.17 - 76.08) 0.45 (0.29 - 0.72) 87.58 (85.95 - 89.05)
Circuit 1 2.68 (1.77 - 4.04) 73.16 (69.16 - 76.81) 0.50 (0.28 - 0.90) 87.14 (84.61 - 89.30)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 3.00 (1.99 - 4.49) 73.13 (69.47 - 76.51) 0.35 (0.19 - 0.66) 87.62 (85.18 - 89.71)
Circuit 14 1.93 (1.21 - 3.05) 75.84 (71.86 - 79.42) 0.49 (0.27 - 0.87) 88.60 (86.05 - 90.73)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 1.59 (1.12 - 2.25) 79.89 (77.63 - 81.98) 0.25 (0.13 - 0.46) 90.77 (89.35 - 92.03)
Southeast 2.24 (1.67 - 3.01) 75.77 (73.11 - 78.24) 0.36 (0.22 - 0.60) 89.28 (87.58 - 90.77)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.55 (1.80 - 3.60) 75.18 (71.84 - 78.24) 0.40 (0.22 - 0.72) 89.07 (86.93 - 90.90)
Circuit 19 1.56 (0.98 - 2.48) 77.06 (73.14 - 80.57) 0.28 (0.15 - 0.52) 89.74 (87.41 - 91.69)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Florida 0.42 (0.29 - 0.60) 4.14 (3.69 - 4.65)
Broward (Circuit 17) 0.30 (0.16 - 0.58) 3.76 (2.95 - 4.79)
Central I 0.38 (0.23 - 0.62) 3.90 (3.25 - 4.69)
Circuit 9 0.33 (0.18 - 0.61) 3.63 (2.86 - 4.61)
Circuit 18 0.44 (0.24 - 0.81) 4.31 (3.37 - 5.50)
Central II 0.47 (0.30 - 0.71) 4.26 (3.68 - 4.93)
Circuit 6 0.46 (0.25 - 0.82) 4.38 (3.42 - 5.60)
Circuit 10 0.60 (0.33 - 1.09) 4.30 (3.33 - 5.53)
Circuit 12 0.43 (0.23 - 0.80) 4.26 (3.22 - 5.63)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 0.43 (0.22 - 0.81) 4.11 (3.26 - 5.16)
Circuit 20 0.46 (0.25 - 0.84) 4.27 (3.28 - 5.54)
Northeast 0.48 (0.31 - 0.72) 4.41 (3.75 - 5.20)
Circuit 4 0.42 (0.22 - 0.77) 4.21 (3.28 - 5.39)
Circuit 5 0.51 (0.28 - 0.91) 4.68 (3.58 - 6.09)
Circuit 7 0.45 (0.25 - 0.82) 4.25 (3.27 - 5.52)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 0.58 (0.31 - 1.08) 4.58 (3.54 - 5.89)
Northwest 0.56 (0.34 - 0.91) 4.78 (4.00 - 5.71)
Circuit 1 0.66 (0.35 - 1.26) 4.91 (3.77 - 6.37)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 0.36 (0.19 - 0.70) 4.54 (3.54 - 5.80)
Circuit 14 0.61 (0.32 - 1.16) 4.84 (3.67 - 6.35)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 0.31 (0.16 - 0.59) 3.56 (2.80 - 4.52)
Southeast 0.37 (0.22 - 0.61) 4.32 (3.53 - 5.29)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 0.33 (0.17 - 0.61) 4.48 (3.50 - 5.71)
Circuit 19 0.45 (0.24 - 0.85) 3.98 (3.02 - 5.24)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 51.53 (50.18 - 52.87) 23.68 (22.55 - 24.84) 47.86 (46.54 - 49.18)
Broward (Circuit 17) 49.27 (45.36 - 53.19) 21.08 (18.33 - 24.12) 52.48 (48.98 - 55.96)
Central I 51.19 (48.50 - 53.88) 24.75 (22.54 - 27.10) 47.39 (44.90 - 49.90)
Circuit 9 50.52 (47.24 - 53.79) 26.64 (23.86 - 29.61) 49.79 (46.67 - 52.90)
Circuit 18 52.21 (47.93 - 56.46) 21.93 (18.77 - 25.45) 43.82 (40.18 - 47.51)
Central II 53.25 (51.16 - 55.33) 23.26 (21.57 - 25.05) 45.72 (43.78 - 47.68)
Circuit 6 55.09 (51.01 - 59.10) 22.27 (19.34 - 25.52) 44.95 (41.39 - 48.57)
Circuit 10 45.09 (40.33 - 49.95) 24.40 (20.88 - 28.30) 48.52 (44.43 - 52.62)
Circuit 12 56.88 (51.86 - 61.76) 23.02 (19.29 - 27.22) 45.31 (40.96 - 49.73)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 53.08 (49.33 - 56.80) 23.43 (20.65 - 26.46) 45.69 (42.41 - 49.01)
Circuit 20 53.85 (49.39 - 58.25) 23.72 (20.36 - 27.43) 45.25 (41.35 - 49.20)
Northeast 50.93 (48.43 - 53.41) 23.63 (21.74 - 25.62) 44.49 (42.30 - 46.70)
Circuit 4 50.96 (46.72 - 55.19) 24.94 (21.60 - 28.60) 44.59 (40.96 - 48.27)
Circuit 5 46.81 (42.12 - 51.55) 21.25 (18.05 - 24.86) 46.16 (42.20 - 50.17)
Circuit 7 58.02 (53.35 - 62.56) 24.62 (21.22 - 28.36) 42.39 (38.60 - 46.27)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 47.38 (42.40 - 52.41) 24.06 (20.37 - 28.19) 44.37 (40.18 - 48.64)
Northwest 51.45 (48.18 - 54.71) 25.53 (23.09 - 28.13) 43.79 (41.13 - 46.48)
Circuit 1 50.32 (45.34 - 55.29) 24.33 (20.84 - 28.19) 44.29 (40.31 - 48.34)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 56.84 (51.79 - 61.75) 29.51 (25.47 - 33.90) 43.25 (39.31 - 47.27)
Circuit 14 46.20 (40.36 - 52.14) 22.50 (18.67 - 26.85) 43.39 (39.00 - 47.89)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 49.52 (46.31 - 52.73) 25.04 (22.44 - 27.82) 56.53 (53.69 - 59.32)
Southeast 53.15 (49.69 - 56.57) 22.77 (20.17 - 25.60) 47.35 (44.43 - 50.28)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 54.15 (49.83 - 58.40) 23.64 (20.38 - 27.25) 47.85 (44.11 - 51.61)
Circuit 19 50.94 (45.58 - 56.29) 20.85 (17.27 - 24.96) 46.25 (42.00 - 50.54)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Florida 19.57 (18.27 - 20.93) 11.10 (10.11 - 12.18)
Broward (Circuit 17) 16.05 (13.16 - 19.44) 8.04 (6.22 - 10.33)
Central I 19.34 (17.12 - 21.79) 12.06 (10.25 - 14.15)
Circuit 9 19.50 (16.67 - 22.68) 12.51 (10.23 - 15.23)
Circuit 18 19.07 (15.58 - 23.14) 11.26 (8.71 - 14.44)
Central II 19.61 (17.74 - 21.63) 10.47 (9.17 - 11.93)
Circuit 6 20.13 (16.64 - 24.13) 10.17 (7.93 - 12.95)
Circuit 10 17.05 (13.42 - 21.42) 11.45 (8.74 - 14.87)
Circuit 12 22.04 (18.02 - 26.67) 11.57 (8.76 - 15.12)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 20.20 (17.01 - 23.81) 9.87 (7.71 - 12.56)
Circuit 20 18.62 (15.08 - 22.77) 10.25 (7.84 - 13.30)
Northeast 20.61 (18.35 - 23.08) 11.65 (10.05 - 13.46)
Circuit 4 19.33 (15.84 - 23.39) 11.48 (8.94 - 14.63)
Circuit 5 17.24 (13.66 - 21.53) 9.39 (7.09 - 12.33)
Circuit 7 24.48 (20.20 - 29.34) 12.18 (9.32 - 15.77)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 22.75 (18.00 - 28.32) 14.62 (11.17 - 18.90)
Northwest 24.80 (21.75 - 28.13) 16.13 (13.61 - 19.02)
Circuit 1 22.92 (18.63 - 27.85) 14.80 (11.45 - 18.93)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 30.48 (25.15 - 36.40) 21.45 (16.88 - 26.86)
Circuit 14 19.49 (15.30 - 24.49) 10.03 (7.44 - 13.39)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 18.40 (15.64 - 21.54) 10.73 (8.67 - 13.20)
Southeast 18.42 (15.55 - 21.68) 9.67 (7.80 - 11.94)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 18.41 (15.00 - 22.40) 10.02 (7.69 - 12.96)
Circuit 19 18.42 (14.24 - 23.49) 8.91 (6.43 - 12.22)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 20.09 (19.04 - 21.18) 16.39 (15.45 - 17.37) 76.42 (75.22 - 77.58)
Broward (Circuit 17) 15.03 (12.90 - 17.43) 12.47 (10.46 - 14.79) 79.64 (77.25 - 81.85)
Central I 18.76 (16.99 - 20.67) 15.52 (13.84 - 17.37) 76.60 (74.76 - 78.35)
Circuit 9 16.72 (14.62 - 19.06) 14.08 (12.12 - 16.29) 77.74 (75.54 - 79.80)
Circuit 18 21.82 (18.98 - 24.94) 17.69 (15.04 - 20.70) 74.89 (72.08 - 77.51)
Central II 21.86 (20.27 - 23.53) 17.54 (16.11 - 19.06) 75.73 (74.12 - 77.26)
Circuit 6 23.59 (20.67 - 26.79) 18.37 (15.70 - 21.37) 74.58 (71.68 - 77.27)
Circuit 10 24.39 (21.19 - 27.89) 20.52 (17.32 - 24.14) 74.38 (71.47 - 77.09)
Circuit 12 21.68 (18.54 - 25.19) 17.59 (14.67 - 20.96) 76.14 (73.08 - 78.95)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 19.64 (17.15 - 22.39) 15.64 (13.37 - 18.20) 76.50 (74.06 - 78.77)
Circuit 20 20.81 (17.87 - 24.10) 16.78 (14.06 - 19.89) 76.77 (73.82 - 79.49)
Northeast 23.88 (22.02 - 25.85) 19.65 (18.01 - 21.41) 73.66 (71.81 - 75.42)
Circuit 4 23.35 (20.30 - 26.69) 18.67 (15.99 - 21.67) 72.99 (69.97 - 75.80)
Circuit 5 24.91 (21.73 - 28.39) 20.59 (17.56 - 23.99) 74.54 (71.46 - 77.39)
Circuit 7 22.51 (19.36 - 26.01) 18.76 (15.88 - 22.02) 75.09 (72.21 - 77.76)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 25.20 (21.75 - 28.98) 21.30 (17.91 - 25.14) 70.83 (67.60 - 73.87)
Northwest 25.55 (23.27 - 27.97) 20.49 (18.33 - 22.84) 72.34 (70.20 - 74.39)
Circuit 1 24.81 (21.53 - 28.40) 19.67 (16.59 - 23.16) 71.76 (68.65 - 74.68)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 24.95 (21.56 - 28.67) 20.26 (17.01 - 23.96) 74.31 (71.40 - 77.02)
Circuit 14 28.23 (24.17 - 32.68) 22.80 (18.99 - 27.11) 70.83 (67.34 - 74.09)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 13.87 (12.12 - 15.84) 11.57 (9.96 - 13.40) 80.37 (78.44 - 82.17)
Southeast 19.09 (17.02 - 21.36) 15.56 (13.64 - 17.70) 77.77 (75.60 - 79.79)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 17.00 (14.63 - 19.65) 13.85 (11.69 - 16.35) 78.56 (75.88 - 81.01)
Circuit 19 23.71 (20.03 - 27.84) 19.33 (15.83 - 23.40) 76.02 (72.97 - 78.83)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 2.70 (2.38 - 3.07) 0.71 (0.56 - 0.91) 4.85 (4.34 - 5.41) 6.60 (6.04 - 7.20)
Broward (Circuit 17) 2.67 (2.04 - 3.49) 0.66 (0.39 - 1.14) 4.30 (3.26 - 5.65) 6.10 (4.86 - 7.62)
Central I 2.66 (2.17 - 3.27) 0.64 (0.43 - 0.94) 4.47 (3.68 - 5.43) 6.24 (5.32 - 7.30)
Circuit 9 2.73 (2.13 - 3.50) 0.61 (0.37 - 1.01) 4.22 (3.31 - 5.37) 6.19 (5.09 - 7.50)
Circuit 18 2.55 (1.94 - 3.36) 0.68 (0.40 - 1.14) 4.85 (3.66 - 6.40) 6.32 (4.99 - 7.97)
Central II 2.55 (2.16 - 3.00) 0.74 (0.54 - 1.00) 5.01 (4.27 - 5.88) 6.60 (5.84 - 7.46)
Circuit 6 2.54 (1.93 - 3.32) 0.79 (0.47 - 1.33) 4.98 (3.73 - 6.62) 6.56 (5.30 - 8.09)
Circuit 10 2.52 (1.87 - 3.39) 0.73 (0.41 - 1.29) 4.53 (3.34 - 6.12) 6.19 (4.84 - 7.90)
Circuit 12 2.34 (1.74 - 3.16) 0.75 (0.42 - 1.33) 4.97 (3.58 - 6.85) 6.24 (4.85 - 7.99)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 2.96 (2.30 - 3.80) 0.62 (0.38 - 1.02) 5.29 (4.12 - 6.78) 7.21 (5.92 - 8.75)
Circuit 20 2.26 (1.69 - 3.03) 0.78 (0.45 - 1.37) 5.05 (3.73 - 6.82) 6.48 (5.07 - 8.26)
Northeast 2.90 (2.42 - 3.46) 0.80 (0.57 - 1.11) 5.19 (4.36 - 6.17) 7.13 (6.22 - 8.16)
Circuit 4 2.88 (2.17 - 3.82) 0.76 (0.46 - 1.26) 5.61 (4.25 - 7.36) 7.42 (5.93 - 9.24)
Circuit 5 2.67 (2.01 - 3.55) 0.80 (0.47 - 1.37) 4.72 (3.49 - 6.36) 6.60 (5.19 - 8.37)
Circuit 7 2.96 (2.22 - 3.93) 0.83 (0.48 - 1.43) 4.99 (3.68 - 6.74) 6.95 (5.48 - 8.77)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 3.28 (2.43 - 4.43) 0.80 (0.47 - 1.36) 5.61 (4.15 - 7.54) 7.90 (6.18 - 10.06)
Northwest 3.44 (2.81 - 4.21) 0.84 (0.58 - 1.21) 5.86 (4.79 - 7.16) 8.24 (7.02 - 9.64)
Circuit 1 3.22 (2.39 - 4.32) 0.90 (0.53 - 1.53) 5.57 (4.12 - 7.49) 7.66 (6.04 - 9.67)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 4.00 (2.98 - 5.34) 0.73 (0.43 - 1.24) 6.99 (5.26 - 9.22) 10.04 (7.95 - 12.61)
Circuit 14 3.13 (2.28 - 4.29) 0.83 (0.48 - 1.44) 4.90 (3.51 - 6.79) 6.95 (5.32 - 9.03)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 2.56 (2.00 - 3.27) 0.63 (0.38 - 1.03) 4.22 (3.35 - 5.31) 5.87 (4.89 - 7.05)
Southeast 2.53 (2.00 - 3.19) 0.67 (0.44 - 1.04) 4.84 (3.85 - 6.06) 6.34 (5.23 - 7.67)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.66 (2.01 - 3.51) 0.68 (0.39 - 1.18) 4.79 (3.59 - 6.36) 6.37 (5.05 - 8.02)
Circuit 19 2.24 (1.62 - 3.11) 0.65 (0.37 - 1.15) 4.95 (3.59 - 6.80) 6.28 (4.77 - 8.22)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Florida among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 2.42 (2.13 - 2.74) 4.65 (4.17 - 5.18) 6.27 (5.74 - 6.84)
Broward (Circuit 17) 2.32 (1.75 - 3.07) 4.06 (3.11 - 5.29) 5.66 (4.47 - 7.14)
Central I 2.43 (1.98 - 2.98) 4.39 (3.64 - 5.28) 5.99 (5.06 - 7.07)
Circuit 9 2.55 (1.98 - 3.28) 4.11 (3.24 - 5.21) 5.97 (4.86 - 7.32)
Circuit 18 2.24 (1.68 - 2.98) 4.80 (3.65 - 6.29) 6.01 (4.64 - 7.75)
Central II 2.28 (1.94 - 2.68) 4.72 (4.05 - 5.49) 6.20 (5.47 - 7.03)
Circuit 6 2.14 (1.60 - 2.86) 4.67 (3.57 - 6.09) 5.96 (4.73 - 7.50)
Circuit 10 2.37 (1.74 - 3.22) 4.23 (3.16 - 5.63) 5.79 (4.49 - 7.43)
Circuit 12 2.23 (1.64 - 3.03) 4.68 (3.46 - 6.31) 6.01 (4.62 - 7.78)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 2.77 (2.15 - 3.57) 4.76 (3.70 - 6.10) 6.86 (5.56 - 8.45)
Circuit 20 1.90 (1.42 - 2.53) 5.04 (3.77 - 6.72) 6.14 (4.73 - 7.94)
Northeast 2.50 (2.08 - 3.00) 4.97 (4.21 - 5.86) 6.72 (5.84 - 7.71)
Circuit 4 2.54 (1.89 - 3.40) 5.10 (3.86 - 6.72) 6.88 (5.41 - 8.71)
Circuit 5 2.31 (1.70 - 3.14) 4.59 (3.43 - 6.13) 6.41 (4.94 - 8.27)
Circuit 7 2.48 (1.85 - 3.33) 4.91 (3.68 - 6.51) 6.42 (4.99 - 8.21)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 2.85 (2.10 - 3.86) 5.57 (4.23 - 7.30) 7.51 (5.80 - 9.67)
Northwest 3.08 (2.49 - 3.79) 5.77 (4.78 - 6.96) 8.04 (6.80 - 9.47)
Circuit 1 2.90 (2.13 - 3.93) 5.68 (4.27 - 7.53) 7.41 (5.77 - 9.45)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 3.67 (2.69 - 4.98) 6.64 (5.08 - 8.64) 9.90 (7.73 - 12.59)
Circuit 14 2.63 (1.91 - 3.62) 4.70 (3.48 - 6.33) 6.79 (5.08 - 9.03)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 2.37 (1.85 - 3.02) 4.09 (3.25 - 5.15) 5.66 (4.65 - 6.86)
Southeast 2.33 (1.82 - 2.97) 4.67 (3.73 - 5.83) 6.07 (5.02 - 7.33)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.45 (1.83 - 3.28) 4.63 (3.49 - 6.12) 6.05 (4.78 - 7.63)
Circuit 19 2.06 (1.47 - 2.87) 4.77 (3.53 - 6.42) 6.12 (4.61 - 8.08)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Florida among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Florida 3.82 (3.37 - 4.32) 17.28 (16.22 - 18.40) 12.53 (11.60 - 13.52)
Broward (Circuit 17) 3.15 (2.45 - 4.04) 15.44 (13.20 - 17.98) 10.85 (9.14 - 12.83)
Central I 3.85 (3.22 - 4.59) 17.67 (15.94 - 19.54) 12.34 (10.90 - 13.94)
Circuit 9 3.77 (3.01 - 4.70) 17.67 (15.54 - 20.02) 11.34 (9.69 - 13.23)
Circuit 18 3.96 (3.13 - 5.01) 17.66 (15.20 - 20.43) 13.83 (11.68 - 16.31)
Central II 4.00 (3.43 - 4.65) 18.00 (16.54 - 19.55) 13.74 (12.42 - 15.19)
Circuit 6 4.16 (3.26 - 5.30) 18.52 (15.92 - 21.44) 14.96 (12.71 - 17.52)
Circuit 10 4.07 (3.15 - 5.25) 16.77 (14.17 - 19.73) 12.33 (10.24 - 14.77)
Circuit 12 3.73 (2.88 - 4.81) 16.99 (14.33 - 20.04) 14.54 (12.05 - 17.45)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 4.31 (3.43 - 5.41) 18.98 (16.51 - 21.71) 13.66 (11.59 - 16.03)
Circuit 20 3.60 (2.82 - 4.60) 17.75 (15.16 - 20.66) 12.75 (10.57 - 15.31)
Northeast 4.22 (3.59 - 4.94) 18.06 (16.47 - 19.77) 13.97 (12.61 - 15.45)
Circuit 4 4.41 (3.48 - 5.57) 17.57 (15.07 - 20.38) 14.09 (11.88 - 16.63)
Circuit 5 3.89 (3.03 - 4.98) 18.75 (16.04 - 21.80) 13.67 (11.51 - 16.16)
Circuit 7 3.96 (3.06 - 5.10) 16.92 (14.31 - 19.90) 14.10 (11.84 - 16.71)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 4.92 (3.89 - 6.21) 19.58 (16.71 - 22.81) 14.11 (11.82 - 16.77)
Northwest 4.76 (3.99 - 5.67) 20.17 (18.12 - 22.40) 14.67 (12.95 - 16.58)
Circuit 1 4.82 (3.79 - 6.12) 19.89 (16.99 - 23.15) 15.26 (12.77 - 18.14)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 4.71 (3.73 - 5.95) 20.93 (17.90 - 24.31) 13.56 (11.37 - 16.11)
Circuit 14 4.68 (3.60 - 6.07) 19.72 (16.61 - 23.24) 14.91 (12.42 - 17.79)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.13 (2.48 - 3.94) 14.56 (12.61 - 16.75) 8.57 (7.21 - 10.15)
Southeast 3.41 (2.78 - 4.18) 16.72 (14.67 - 19.00) 12.17 (10.54 - 14.00)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.23 (2.50 - 4.16) 16.58 (14.08 - 19.43) 11.85 (9.91 - 14.11)
Circuit 19 3.80 (2.94 - 4.91) 17.04 (14.21 - 20.29) 12.88 (10.63 - 15.51)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

FLORIDA

Table 10.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Florida among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Florida 3.47 (3.05 - 3.95) 6.13 (5.53 - 6.79)
Broward (Circuit 17) 3.17 (2.54 - 3.96) 5.33 (4.32 - 6.55)
Central I 3.49 (2.92 - 4.15) 6.57 (5.65 - 7.63)
Circuit 9 3.44 (2.79 - 4.24) 6.51 (5.43 - 7.80)
Circuit 18 3.55 (2.80 - 4.50) 6.66 (5.37 - 8.23)
Central II 3.61 (3.08 - 4.21) 6.27 (5.52 - 7.13)
Circuit 6 3.66 (2.88 - 4.65) 6.49 (5.24 - 8.03)
Circuit 10 3.58 (2.79 - 4.58) 5.86 (4.66 - 7.36)
Circuit 12 3.54 (2.73 - 4.58) 6.08 (4.80 - 7.66)
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 3.73 (3.04 - 4.57) 6.80 (5.55 - 8.30)
Circuit 20 3.46 (2.72 - 4.41) 5.84 (4.68 - 7.26)
Northeast 3.59 (3.05 - 4.22) 6.55 (5.68 - 7.55)
Circuit 4 3.56 (2.82 - 4.48) 6.61 (5.28 - 8.25)
Circuit 5 3.36 (2.61 - 4.30) 6.16 (4.88 - 7.74)
Circuit 7 3.49 (2.76 - 4.41) 6.32 (4.98 - 7.99)
Circuit 8 plus Columbia, Dixie, Hamilton, Lafayette, and Suwannee 4.31 (3.43 - 5.40) 7.62 (6.16 - 9.40)
Northwest 4.28 (3.59 - 5.09) 7.38 (6.30 - 8.63)
Circuit 1 4.25 (3.36 - 5.36) 7.63 (6.11 - 9.49)
Circuit 2 plus Madison and Taylor 4.53 (3.61 - 5.67) 7.41 (5.97 - 9.17)
Circuit 14 3.97 (3.11 - 5.06) 6.75 (5.30 - 8.55)
South (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.05 (2.45 - 3.79) 5.08 (4.19 - 6.14)
Southeast 3.16 (2.60 - 3.84) 5.69 (4.74 - 6.82)
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.06 (2.42 - 3.86) 5.51 (4.39 - 6.90)
Circuit 19 3.39 (2.63 - 4.36) 6.09 (4.78 - 7.72)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 10.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Florida, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 10.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Georgia 8.82 (7.95 - 9.78) 2.97 (2.51 - 3.52)
Region 1 6.46 (5.29 - 7.86) 2.21 (1.62 - 3.01)
Region 2 9.62 (7.82 - 11.79) 3.24 (2.41 - 4.34)
Region 3 11.19 (9.68 - 12.91) 3.36 (2.61 - 4.32)
Region 4 8.50 (6.44 - 11.13) 3.13 (2.17 - 4.52)
Region 5 8.03 (6.29 - 10.21) 3.01 (2.15 - 4.21)
Region 6 8.11 (6.53 - 10.03) 3.18 (2.33 - 4.33)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 12.59 (11.56 - 13.70) 7.46 (6.68 - 8.32) 1.74 (1.54 - 1.97) 30.64 (28.92 - 32.41)
Region 1 10.25 (8.69 - 12.05) 5.52 (4.42 - 6.87) 1.57 (1.28 - 1.92) 33.13 (30.18 - 36.22)
Region 2 13.07 (10.90 - 15.59) 7.80 (6.16 - 9.82) 2.11 (1.69 - 2.62) 29.07 (25.46 - 32.96)
Region 3 15.85 (13.94 - 17.96) 9.79 (8.43 - 11.35) 1.97 (1.66 - 2.34) 28.33 (25.51 - 31.33)
Region 4 11.86 (8.97 - 15.51) 7.35 (5.38 - 9.97) 1.59 (1.19 - 2.12) 32.47 (27.67 - 37.68)
Region 5 11.72 (9.43 - 14.47) 6.74 (5.12 - 8.81) 1.58 (1.24 - 2.00) 30.15 (26.30 - 34.29)
Region 6 10.48 (8.60 - 12.70) 6.32 (4.93 - 8.06) 1.47 (1.17 - 1.85) 32.07 (28.35 - 36.02)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 1.71 (1.38 - 2.13) 77.22 (75.76 - 78.62) 0.14 (0.06 - 0.29) 88.65 (87.58 - 89.63)
Region 1 1.49 (1.03 - 2.16) 77.37 (74.83 - 79.72) 0.12 (0.05 - 0.29) 88.94 (87.26 - 90.42)
Region 2 1.68 (1.09 - 2.58) 77.43 (74.43 - 80.17) 0.15 (0.07 - 0.36) 88.98 (86.92 - 90.75)
Region 3 2.17 (1.60 - 2.95) 74.93 (72.39 - 77.31) 0.12 (0.05 - 0.29) 87.88 (86.05 - 89.50)
Region 4 1.63 (0.98 - 2.70) 80.16 (76.65 - 83.26) 0.18 (0.07 - 0.41) 89.57 (87.23 - 91.52)
Region 5 1.49 (0.93 - 2.38) 78.53 (75.34 - 81.42) 0.18 (0.08 - 0.42) 88.99 (86.92 - 90.78)
Region 6 1.39 (0.89 - 2.16) 79.33 (76.43 - 81.96) 0.14 (0.06 - 0.33) 88.76 (86.66 - 90.57)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Georgia 0.47 (0.29 - 0.75) 3.59 (3.09 - 4.16)
Region 1 0.54 (0.29 - 0.98) 3.54 (2.84 - 4.40)
Region 2 0.63 (0.32 - 1.24) 3.90 (3.01 - 5.04)
Region 3 0.32 (0.17 - 0.61) 3.24 (2.57 - 4.08)
Region 4 0.54 (0.27 - 1.10) 3.64 (2.74 - 4.83)
Region 5 0.53 (0.26 - 1.06) 3.89 (2.95 - 5.12)
Region 6 0.44 (0.23 - 0.87) 3.88 (3.04 - 4.94)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 45.57 (43.77 - 47.38) 20.76 (19.34 - 22.26) 49.50 (47.64 - 51.36)
Region 1 44.74 (41.61 - 47.92) 18.58 (16.27 - 21.13) 48.13 (45.12 - 51.15)
Region 2 44.84 (40.71 - 49.05) 21.20 (18.25 - 24.48) 49.31 (45.73 - 52.89)
Region 3 49.63 (46.59 - 52.67) 23.03 (20.60 - 25.66) 51.64 (48.68 - 54.59)
Region 4 41.39 (36.16 - 46.82) 20.56 (16.84 - 24.85) 50.45 (45.89 - 55.01)
Region 5 42.58 (38.28 - 46.99) 21.20 (18.17 - 24.59) 48.00 (44.06 - 51.96)
Region 6 43.26 (39.30 - 47.29) 19.21 (16.43 - 22.34) 48.37 (44.77 - 51.99)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Georgia 15.32 (13.74 - 17.05) 8.57 (7.45 - 9.84)
Region 1 13.58 (11.03 - 16.59) 7.54 (5.91 - 9.58)
Region 2 19.77 (16.39 - 23.66) 10.55 (8.24 - 13.40)
Region 3 14.62 (12.18 - 17.45) 8.74 (6.88 - 11.03)
Region 4 16.36 (12.31 - 21.42) 8.32 (5.91 - 11.59)
Region 5 15.91 (12.47 - 20.07) 9.34 (7.00 - 12.34)
Region 6 15.02 (12.14 - 18.44) 7.84 (5.92 - 10.33)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 23.69 (22.21 - 25.23) 18.31 (17.01 - 19.69) 71.37 (69.72 - 72.97)
Region 1 22.54 (20.23 - 25.02) 16.97 (14.91 - 19.26) 70.38 (67.68 - 72.95)
Region 2 27.18 (24.03 - 30.58) 19.66 (16.83 - 22.85) 69.25 (66.24 - 72.10)
Region 3 18.34 (16.19 - 20.70) 13.88 (12.03 - 15.97) 75.64 (73.30 - 77.84)
Region 4 30.97 (26.78 - 35.49) 24.61 (20.48 - 29.27) 68.73 (65.12 - 72.12)
Region 5 29.39 (25.85 - 33.21) 24.73 (21.29 - 28.52) 68.22 (65.19 - 71.11)
Region 6 26.32 (23.30 - 29.59) 21.12 (18.31 - 24.24) 69.63 (66.62 - 72.49)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 2.50 (2.10 - 2.97) 0.59 (0.43 - 0.81) 4.40 (3.80 - 5.10) 6.08 (5.34 - 6.91)
Region 1 2.07 (1.57 - 2.73) 0.64 (0.39 - 1.04) 4.12 (3.20 - 5.29) 5.37 (4.32 - 6.67)
Region 2 2.66 (1.97 - 3.59) 0.65 (0.38 - 1.11) 4.69 (3.57 - 6.14) 6.36 (5.04 - 8.00)
Region 3 2.79 (2.19 - 3.55) 0.51 (0.30 - 0.86) 4.45 (3.55 - 5.57) 6.51 (5.37 - 7.88)
Region 4 2.91 (2.06 - 4.10) 0.64 (0.37 - 1.11) 4.48 (3.21 - 6.22) 6.56 (4.94 - 8.68)
Region 5 2.44 (1.76 - 3.38) 0.66 (0.39 - 1.10) 4.48 (3.29 - 6.07) 6.05 (4.69 - 7.78)
Region 6 2.37 (1.76 - 3.19) 0.57 (0.34 - 0.96) 4.48 (3.37 - 5.93) 5.98 (4.74 - 7.53)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Georgia among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 2.29 (1.95 - 2.69) 4.17 (3.57 - 4.86) 5.75 (5.06 - 6.54)
Region 1 1.86 (1.41 - 2.44) 3.96 (3.07 - 5.10) 5.27 (4.21 - 6.59)
Region 2 2.47 (1.87 - 3.26) 4.48 (3.38 - 5.93) 6.06 (4.74 - 7.72)
Region 3 2.60 (2.05 - 3.28) 4.14 (3.30 - 5.19) 6.13 (5.04 - 7.44)
Region 4 2.75 (1.94 - 3.88) 4.24 (3.04 - 5.87) 6.24 (4.62 - 8.38)
Region 5 2.19 (1.58 - 3.03) 4.25 (3.15 - 5.70) 5.55 (4.20 - 7.30)
Region 6 2.15 (1.61 - 2.87) 4.22 (3.17 - 5.60) 5.50 (4.27 - 7.05)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Georgia among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Georgia 4.24 (3.65 - 4.92) 18.11 (16.72 - 19.59) 12.70 (11.52 - 13.98)
Region 1 4.40 (3.51 - 5.49) 19.23 (17.00 - 21.67) 13.83 (11.97 - 15.93)
Region 2 4.64 (3.63 - 5.91) 18.12 (15.59 - 20.96) 13.46 (11.33 - 15.93)
Region 3 3.73 (2.99 - 4.64) 16.12 (14.11 - 18.34) 11.14 (9.57 - 12.93)
Region 4 4.56 (3.46 - 5.99) 19.14 (15.99 - 22.74) 12.69 (10.47 - 15.30)
Region 5 4.55 (3.53 - 5.86) 18.80 (15.99 - 21.98) 13.48 (11.29 - 16.02)
Region 6 4.29 (3.37 - 5.43) 19.32 (16.57 - 22.41) 12.61 (10.62 - 14.93)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

GEORGIA

Table 11.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Georgia among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Georgia 4.12 (3.51 - 4.83) 6.94 (6.13 - 7.83)
Region 1 4.39 (3.47 - 5.54) 7.19 (5.94 - 8.67)
Region 2 4.33 (3.43 - 5.46) 7.44 (6.04 - 9.12)
Region 3 3.65 (2.94 - 4.52) 6.44 (5.34 - 7.74)
Region 4 4.48 (3.48 - 5.75) 6.98 (5.49 - 8.82)
Region 5 4.28 (3.34 - 5.48) 7.48 (6.01 - 9.27)
Region 6 4.15 (3.28 - 5.22) 6.62 (5.32 - 8.21)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 11.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Georgia, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 11.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

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Table 12.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 10.13 (8.81 - 11.62) 2.84 (2.29 - 3.51)
Hawaii Island 12.64 (9.85 - 16.06) 2.70 (1.89 - 3.86)
Honolulu 8.83 (7.49 - 10.38) 2.78 (2.15 - 3.58)
Kauai 10.80 (8.05 - 14.34) 2.80 (1.93 - 4.07)
Maui 15.00 (11.82 - 18.86) 3.36 (2.38 - 4.72)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
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Table 12.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 13.92 (12.45 - 15.54) 8.42 (7.23 - 9.79) 1.97 (1.70 - 2.28) 27.51 (25.23 - 29.90)
Hawaii Island 17.12 (13.77 - 21.08) 11.21 (8.55 - 14.55) 2.91 (2.28 - 3.71) 24.39 (20.44 - 28.82)
Honolulu 12.08 (10.51 - 13.85) 7.06 (5.84 - 8.51) 1.76 (1.48 - 2.09) 29.29 (26.56 - 32.18)
Kauai 15.93 (12.10 - 20.69) 8.86 (6.30 - 12.32) 2.30 (1.69 - 3.13) 23.09 (18.59 - 28.30)
Maui 20.80 (16.88 - 25.34) 13.46 (10.33 - 17.35) 2.34 (1.79 - 3.07) 21.93 (18.11 - 26.29)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
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HAWAII

Table 12.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 2.07 (1.59 - 2.69) 67.78 (65.50 - 69.98) 0.27 (0.14 - 0.52) 81.93 (80.03 - 83.69)
Hawaii Island 2.09 (1.28 - 3.40) 67.42 (62.94 - 71.61) 0.31 (0.14 - 0.67) 83.47 (80.07 - 86.39)
Honolulu 1.98 (1.44 - 2.70) 68.48 (65.84 - 71.01) 0.25 (0.12 - 0.53) 81.33 (79.04 - 83.42)
Kauai 2.11 (1.23 - 3.58) 65.21 (59.79 - 70.27) 0.26 (0.12 - 0.58) 84.26 (80.38 - 87.49)
Maui 2.60 (1.64 - 4.11) 64.91 (59.88 - 69.62) 0.30 (0.14 - 0.65) 82.91 (79.21 - 86.07)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

HAWAII

Table 12.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 0.98 (0.62 - 1.53) 3.36 (2.76 - 4.09)
Hawaii Island 1.10 (0.58 - 2.06) 3.57 (2.67 - 4.74)
Honolulu 0.90 (0.54 - 1.49) 3.32 (2.63 - 4.19)
Kauai 1.28 (0.65 - 2.51) 3.53 (2.61 - 4.75)
Maui 1.21 (0.63 - 2.31) 3.29 (2.46 - 4.38)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

HAWAII

Table 12.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 45.17 (42.75 - 47.61) 21.67 (19.80 - 23.66) 45.81 (43.37 - 48.28)
Hawaii Island 47.74 (42.71 - 52.82) 24.46 (20.68 - 28.68) 43.30 (39.07 - 47.62)
Honolulu 44.29 (41.45 - 47.18) 21.00 (18.83 - 23.34) 46.43 (43.59 - 49.29)
Kauai 46.39 (40.37 - 52.51) 22.44 (18.38 - 27.10) 43.94 (39.11 - 48.87)
Maui 47.05 (41.97 - 52.19) 22.25 (18.59 - 26.40) 45.73 (41.12 - 50.41)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
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HAWAII

Table 12.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 16.18 (14.19 - 18.40) 10.28 (8.69 - 12.12)
Hawaii Island 17.90 (14.14 - 22.40) 10.81 (8.08 - 14.32)
Honolulu 15.60 (13.26 - 18.27) 10.24 (8.36 - 12.48)
Kauai 16.39 (12.44 - 21.30) 10.10 (7.36 - 13.70)
Maui 17.68 (14.00 - 22.06) 10.00 (7.45 - 13.30)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
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HAWAII

Table 12.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 16.54 (14.91 - 18.31) 13.36 (11.89 - 14.98) 72.07 (69.94 - 74.10)
Hawaii Island 17.76 (14.79 - 21.18) 13.91 (11.28 - 17.04) 71.47 (67.91 - 74.78)
Honolulu 16.29 (14.42 - 18.36) 13.20 (11.52 - 15.09) 72.25 (69.81 - 74.57)
Kauai 15.64 (12.69 - 19.11) 12.43 (9.67 - 15.86) 71.66 (67.73 - 75.29)
Maui 17.02 (14.04 - 20.47) 14.10 (11.39 - 17.31) 71.82 (68.32 - 75.08)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

HAWAII

Table 12.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 2.51 (2.01 - 3.14) 0.46 (0.31 - 0.70) 5.35 (4.48 - 6.39) 7.08 (6.11 - 8.18)
Hawaii Island 2.67 (1.91 - 3.73) 0.52 (0.29 - 0.94) 5.15 (3.74 - 7.06) 7.06 (5.48 - 9.06)
Honolulu 2.48 (1.90 - 3.22) 0.44 (0.26 - 0.73) 5.37 (4.33 - 6.64) 7.09 (5.98 - 8.39)
Kauai 2.37 (1.64 - 3.42) 0.51 (0.27 - 0.94) 5.59 (4.01 - 7.73) 6.49 (4.86 - 8.63)
Maui 2.62 (1.87 - 3.67) 0.53 (0.30 - 0.95) 5.40 (3.95 - 7.33) 7.23 (5.57 - 9.34)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
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HAWAII

Table 12.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Hawaii among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 2.19 (1.75 - 2.74) 5.21 (4.38 - 6.18) 6.60 (5.62 - 7.73)
Hawaii Island 2.50 (1.82 - 3.44) 5.20 (3.83 - 7.03) 6.85 (5.26 - 8.89)
Honolulu 2.09 (1.60 - 2.73) 5.17 (4.23 - 6.32) 6.47 (5.33 - 7.84)
Kauai 2.16 (1.50 - 3.10) 5.46 (3.84 - 7.70) 6.50 (4.81 - 8.73)
Maui 2.47 (1.75 - 3.47) 5.29 (3.94 - 7.08) 7.10 (5.42 - 9.26)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

HAWAII

Table 12.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Hawaii among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 3.70 (3.05 - 4.49) 16.55 (14.83 - 18.42) 10.41 (9.06 - 11.94)
Hawaii Island 4.29 (3.23 - 5.68) 19.44 (16.28 - 23.05) 10.88 (8.84 - 13.31)
Honolulu 3.57 (2.85 - 4.45) 15.82 (13.91 - 17.94) 10.15 (8.61 - 11.92)
Kauai 3.80 (2.82 - 5.10) 17.75 (14.50 - 21.54) 11.05 (8.81 - 13.78)
Maui 3.81 (2.88 - 5.03) 17.21 (14.25 - 20.65) 11.23 (9.09 - 13.81)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

HAWAII

Table 12.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Hawaii among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Hawaii 4.39 (3.62 - 5.31) 5.76 (4.85 - 6.83)
Hawaii Island 4.28 (3.28 - 5.58) 6.05 (4.70 - 7.77)
Honolulu 4.44 (3.58 - 5.49) 5.69 (4.67 - 6.92)
Kauai 4.11 (3.06 - 5.50) 6.11 (4.70 - 7.91)
Maui 4.32 (3.26 - 5.71) 5.72 (4.41 - 7.38)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.3 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.4 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.4 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.5 First Use of Marijuana among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.5 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.6 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.7 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.8 Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.8 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.9 Heroin Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.9 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.10 Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.10 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.11 Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.11 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.12 Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.12 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.13 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.13 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.14 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.14 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.15 Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.15 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.16 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.16 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.17 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.17 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.18 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.18 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.19 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.19 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.20 Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.20 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.21 Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.21 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.22 Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.22 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.23 Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.23 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.24 Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.24 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.25 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.25 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.26 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.26 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.27 Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.27 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.28 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.28 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 12.29 Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Adults Aged 18 or Older in Hawaii, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 12.29 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

200213

IDAHO

Table 13.1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than
Marijuana in the Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Idaho 9.78 (8.56 - 11.16) 2.80 (2.28 - 3.43)
Region 1 10.79 (8.34 - 13.85) 3.02 (2.09 - 4.34)
Region 2 10.68 (8.14 - 13.89) 2.88 (1.97 - 4.18)
Region 3 8.03 (6.27 - 10.22) 2.52 (1.81 - 3.50)
Region 4 12.08 (10.07 - 14.42) 3.17 (2.36 - 4.24)
Region 5 7.59 (5.78 - 9.89) 2.13 (1.49 - 3.04)
Region 6 10.85 (8.12 - 14.36) 2.88 (1.95 - 4.23)
Region 7 7.01 (5.46 - 8.96) 2.59 (1.86 - 3.60)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, Marijuana Use in the Past Month, Average Annual Initiation Estimates (Expressed as Percentages of the At-Risk Population) of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in the Past Year
Marijuana Use
in the Past Month
First Use of
Marijuana1
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 13.78 (12.47 - 15.21) 8.34 (7.22 - 9.62) 2.07 (1.81 - 2.36) 25.35 (23.46 - 27.33)
Region 1 14.31 (11.29 - 17.98) 9.09 (6.73 - 12.17) 2.24 (1.70 - 2.94) 20.72 (16.86 - 25.20)
Region 2 13.21 (10.20 - 16.95) 8.58 (6.20 - 11.74) 1.99 (1.49 - 2.66) 25.45 (21.00 - 30.48)
Region 3 11.32 (9.09 - 14.02) 6.98 (5.34 - 9.06) 1.78 (1.39 - 2.27) 31.03 (27.23 - 35.11)
Region 4 18.21 (15.70 - 21.02) 10.48 (8.56 - 12.77) 2.65 (2.16 - 3.25) 19.68 (16.98 - 22.70)
Region 5 11.45 (9.16 - 14.22) 6.82 (5.12 - 9.03) 1.84 (1.45 - 2.34) 31.20 (27.22 - 35.49)
Region 6 13.84 (10.44 - 18.13) 8.85 (6.39 - 12.14) 1.93 (1.41 - 2.62) 23.58 (19.13 - 28.70)
Region 7 9.41 (7.53 - 11.70) 5.80 (4.34 - 7.70) 1.67 (1.32 - 2.11) 30.86 (27.02 - 34.99)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 First Use of Marijuana is defined as follows: Average annual initiation of marijuana (%) = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of individuals who never used marijuana (with the at-risk population defined as 0.5 × X1 + X2). Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. The age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals presented for Average Annual Estimates of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.3 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, Perceptions of Great Risk from Using Cocaine Once a Month, Heroin Use in the Past Year, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Trying Heroin Once or Twice in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cocaine Use
in the Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Using Cocaine
Once a Month
Heroin Use in the
Past Year
Perceptions of
Great Risk from
Trying Heroin
Once or Twice
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 1.27 (0.94 - 1.72) 71.25 (69.31 - 73.11) 0.32 (0.18 - 0.56) 85.05 (83.59 - 86.41)
Region 1 1.30 (0.78 - 2.14) 70.76 (66.59 - 74.61) 0.32 (0.16 - 0.65) 85.61 (82.60 - 88.17)
Region 2 1.70 (1.03 - 2.80) 68.46 (63.68 - 72.87) 0.35 (0.17 - 0.72) 84.34 (81.03 - 87.17)
Region 3 1.05 (0.62 - 1.77) 73.83 (70.37 - 77.02) 0.28 (0.14 - 0.58) 85.78 (83.32 - 87.93)
Region 4 1.59 (1.05 - 2.38) 68.18 (64.86 - 71.33) 0.33 (0.17 - 0.66) 83.76 (81.21 - 86.02)
Region 5 0.92 (0.55 - 1.53) 73.62 (69.81 - 77.12) 0.30 (0.15 - 0.61) 86.95 (84.41 - 89.14)
Region 6 1.17 (0.68 - 1.99) 70.81 (66.23 - 75.01) 0.37 (0.18 - 0.78) 84.34 (81.04 - 87.16)
Region 7 1.02 (0.62 - 1.69) 74.56 (71.14 - 77.70) 0.28 (0.14 - 0.58) 85.50 (83.02 - 87.67)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.4 – Methamphetamine Use in the Past Year and Pain Reliever Misuse in the Past Year in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Methamphetamine Use
in the Past Year
Pain Reliever Misuse
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Idaho 0.80 (0.51 - 1.25) 4.45 (3.77 - 5.26)
Region 1 0.81 (0.41 - 1.59) 4.56 (3.40 - 6.09)
Region 2 0.75 (0.38 - 1.46) 4.34 (3.27 - 5.74)
Region 3 1.00 (0.55 - 1.82) 4.45 (3.40 - 5.81)
Region 4 0.65 (0.36 - 1.17) 4.50 (3.55 - 5.69)
Region 5 0.96 (0.51 - 1.80) 4.12 (3.13 - 5.40)
Region 6 0.98 (0.48 - 1.99) 4.76 (3.58 - 6.30)
Region 7 0.67 (0.34 - 1.29) 4.44 (3.40 - 5.78)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.5 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in the Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Perceptions of Great
Risk from Having Five
or More Drinks of an
Alcoholic Beverage Once
or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 45.54 (43.24 - 47.85) 21.43 (19.64 - 23.34) 43.33 (41.16 - 45.53)
Region 1 49.70 (44.37 - 55.02) 21.01 (17.51 - 25.00) 41.20 (36.84 - 45.70)
Region 2 51.63 (45.97 - 57.24) 22.64 (18.78 - 27.02) 40.77 (36.22 - 45.48)
Region 3 40.01 (35.64 - 44.56) 20.32 (17.25 - 23.77) 45.38 (41.64 - 49.17)
Region 4 51.79 (47.95 - 55.61) 24.03 (21.12 - 27.20) 41.98 (38.55 - 45.49)
Region 5 46.07 (41.31 - 50.91) 23.67 (20.11 - 27.63) 45.38 (41.28 - 49.55)
Region 6 41.94 (35.93 - 48.21) 19.87 (15.98 - 24.42) 44.72 (39.84 - 49.72)
Region 7 34.14 (30.03 - 38.51) 16.58 (13.76 - 19.85) 44.70 (40.87 - 48.60)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.6 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 to 20 in Idaho, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month
among Individuals Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Idaho 15.41 (13.50 - 17.54) 9.75 (8.32 - 11.39)
Region 1 17.38 (13.22 - 22.51) 9.36 (6.79 - 12.77)
Region 2 23.55 (18.39 - 29.64) 14.50 (10.63 - 19.46)
Region 3 13.55 (10.51 - 17.30) 8.56 (6.30 - 11.52)
Region 4 16.49 (13.50 - 19.99) 11.17 (8.79 - 14.08)
Region 5 17.20 (13.60 - 21.51) 9.83 (7.47 - 12.83)
Region 6 13.62 (10.05 - 18.19) 8.97 (6.44 - 12.35)
Region 7 10.68 (7.99 - 14.13) 7.43 (5.36 - 10.20)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks (for males) or four or more drinks (for females) on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.7 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, Cigarette Use in the Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk from Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Tobacco Product Use
in the Past Month1
Cigarette Use
in the Past Month
Perceptions of Great Risk
from Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 21.91 (20.21 - 23.72) 17.54 (16.00 - 19.20) 71.26 (69.23 - 73.20)
Region 1 23.52 (19.92 - 27.55) 18.13 (15.01 - 21.74) 70.47 (66.83 - 73.87)
Region 2 23.58 (19.90 - 27.70) 17.21 (13.89 - 21.13) 70.02 (66.36 - 73.44)
Region 3 23.58 (20.50 - 26.97) 18.51 (15.65 - 21.77) 71.58 (68.44 - 74.52)
Region 4 20.46 (17.95 - 23.21) 16.15 (13.95 - 18.63) 73.28 (70.48 - 75.90)
Region 5 24.33 (21.02 - 27.97) 20.53 (17.40 - 24.06) 71.16 (67.96 - 74.17)
Region 6 22.11 (18.42 - 26.29) 18.97 (15.29 - 23.31) 68.97 (65.26 - 72.45)
Region 7 18.82 (16.11 - 21.86) 15.88 (13.27 - 18.88) 69.57 (66.41 - 72.56)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., snuff, dip, chewing tobacco, or snus), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.8 – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in the Past Year, Pain Reliever Use Disorder in the Past Year, Alcohol Use Disorder in the Past Year, and Substance Use Disorder in the Past Year in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Pain Reliever Use
Disorder in the
Past Year2
Alcohol Use
Disorder in the
Past Year
Substance Use
Disorder in the
Past Year1,2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 2.75 (2.25 - 3.37) 0.86 (0.61 - 1.21) 5.55 (4.71 - 6.54) 7.64 (6.67 - 8.73)
Region 1 2.74 (1.92 - 3.90) 0.88 (0.49 - 1.59) 6.10 (4.42 - 8.37) 7.99 (6.20 - 10.24)
Region 2 3.00 (2.13 - 4.20) 0.71 (0.41 - 1.26) 5.42 (3.91 - 7.45) 7.20 (5.43 - 9.50)
Region 3 2.47 (1.78 - 3.42) 0.77 (0.45 - 1.30) 4.96 (3.66 - 6.69) 6.66 (5.16 - 8.56)
Region 4 3.26 (2.44 - 4.33) 1.07 (0.62 - 1.85) 6.29 (4.86 - 8.11) 9.32 (7.63 - 11.33)
Region 5 2.20 (1.60 - 3.03) 0.69 (0.40 - 1.17) 4.98 (3.67 - 6.72) 6.69 (5.20 - 8.56)
Region 6 2.76 (1.95 - 3.88) 0.83 (0.46 - 1.48) 5.32 (3.79 - 7.43) 7.14 (5.38 - 9.41)
Region 7 2.39 (1.74 - 3.27) 0.75 (0.44 - 1.25) 4.86 (3.65 - 6.46) 6.29 (4.90 - 8.03)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Substance Use Disorder is defined as meeting criteria for illicit drug or alcohol dependence or abuse. Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine.
2 Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment at a Specialty Facility for Substance Use in the Past Year in Idaho among Individuals Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Illicit Drug Use
in the Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Alcohol Use in
the Past Year
Needing But Not Receiving
Treatment at a Specialty
Facility for Substance Use
in the Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 2.21 (1.80 - 2.71) 5.19 (4.40 - 6.12) 6.85 (5.95 - 7.86)
Region 1 2.03 (1.44 - 2.85) 5.83 (4.21 - 8.03) 7.25 (5.52 - 9.48)
Region 2 2.41 (1.69 - 3.43) 5.47 (3.97 - 7.49) 6.81 (5.09 - 9.07)
Region 3 1.98 (1.42 - 2.76) 4.47 (3.32 - 5.98) 5.89 (4.52 - 7.66)
Region 4 2.54 (1.91 - 3.38) 5.94 (4.65 - 7.55) 8.23 (6.63 - 10.17)
Region 5 1.90 (1.34 - 2.68) 4.51 (3.34 - 6.05) 6.12 (4.70 - 7.92)
Region 6 2.31 (1.59 - 3.33) 4.86 (3.45 - 6.81) 6.08 (4.46 - 8.25)
Region 7 2.07 (1.48 - 2.87) 4.50 (3.41 - 5.93) 5.77 (4.40 - 7.54)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder as defined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment refers to respondents who are classified as needing illicit drug or alcohol treatment, but who did not receive illicit drug or alcohol treatment at a specialty facility.
1 Illicit Drug Use includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics or the use of marijuana, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or methamphetamine. Misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics is defined as use in any way not directed by a doctor, including use without a prescription of one's own; use in greater amounts, more often, or longer than told; or use in any other way not directed by a doctor. Prescription psychotherapeutics do not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.10 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, and Received Mental Health Services in the Past Year in Idaho among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Any Mental Illness
in the Past Year1
Received Mental Health
Services in the Past Year2
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Idaho 5.74 (4.89 - 6.74) 24.58 (22.66 - 26.60) 18.64 (16.89 - 20.52)
Region 1 5.78 (4.45 - 7.49) 24.24 (20.67 - 28.20) 19.35 (16.27 - 22.86)
Region 2 5.53 (4.23 - 7.18) 23.36 (19.75 - 27.40) 17.88 (14.89 - 21.32)
Region 3 5.97 (4.66 - 7.61) 24.31 (21.00 - 27.96) 17.47 (14.77 - 20.54)
Region 4 5.69 (4.55 - 7.10) 25.56 (22.62 - 28.75) 20.53 (17.77 - 23.60)
Region 5 5.40 (4.17 - 6.97) 23.08 (19.61 - 26.95) 16.14 (13.58 - 19.07)
Region 6 5.95 (4.52 - 7.80) 24.65 (20.80 - 28.95) 19.02 (15.72 - 22.83)
Region 7 5.83 (4.60 - 7.36) 24.97 (21.74 - 28.50) 17.60 (15.00 - 20.53)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, assessed by the Mental Health Surveillance Study (MHSS) Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fourth Edition—Research Version—Axis I Disorders (MHSS-SCID), which is based on the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Any mental illness (AMI) includes adults with any mental disorder regardless of whether their disorder resulted in functional impairment. Serious mental illness (SMI) includes adults with any mental disorder that resulted in serious functional impairment. As such, these estimates are based on indicators of AMI and SMI rather than direct measures of diagnostic status. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
2 Mental health services are defined as having received inpatient treatment/counseling or outpatient treatment/counseling or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.
200213

IDAHO

Table 13.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year and Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year in Idaho among Adults Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide
in the Past Year1
Major Depressive Episode
in the Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Idaho 5.59 (4.72 - 6.60) 8.34 (7.33 - 9.48)
Region 1 5.11 (3.95 - 6.57) 8.13 (6.46 - 10.18)
Region 2 5.42 (4.22 - 6.94) 7.91 (6.18 - 10.06)
Region 3 5.86 (4.53 - 7.55) 7.97 (6.44 - 9.84)
Region 4 5.72 (4.55 - 7.15) 8.75 (7.21 - 10.59)
Region 5 4.90 (3.83 - 6.27) 7.62 (6.07 - 9.53)
Region 6 5.83 (4.48 - 7.56) 8.45 (6.71 - 10.60)
Region 7 5.98 (4.76 - 7.50) 8.83 (7.23 - 10.74)
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Respondents were asked, "At any time in the past 12 months, did you seriously think about trying to kill yourself?" If they answered "Yes," they were categorized as having serious thoughts of suicide in the past year.
2 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when an individual experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2017-2018 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 13.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Idaho, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 13.1 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 13.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Idaho, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2016, 2017, and 2018 NSDUHs

Figure 13.2 Follow 'D' link at right for long description.     D

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 395 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2016-2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at https://www.samhsa.gov/data/.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2016, 2017, and 2018.

Figure 13.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Individuals Aged 12 or Older in Idaho, by Substate Region: