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200323
Table 1.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 134,791a 138,027 53,182a 57,203 31,918a 35,803
Marijuana 123,935a 127,139 43,486a 48,242 27,667a 31,606
Cocaine 40,194 41,445 5,529 5,468 1,949 1,998
Crack 9,177 9,375 757 778 436 378
Heroin 5,108 5,696 808 745 354 431
Hallucinogens 43,255 44,087 5,595 6,010 1,630 1,915
LSD 27,339 27,528 2,319 2,470 458 580
PCP 6,085 5,516 71 73 34 *
Ecstasy 19,949 20,097 2,516 2,539 689 663
Inhalants 24,783 25,090 2,003 2,142 612 807
Methamphetamine 14,892 16,013 1,867 1,999 1,001 1,173
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 16,882 16,304 5,424 5,337
Pain Relievers nr nr 9,948 9,724 2,852 2,819
Stimulants nr nr 5,109 4,929 1,670 1,566
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 6,435 5,895 1,799 1,958
Tranquilizers nr nr 5,742 5,220 1,634 1,781
Sedatives nr nr 1,084 1,098 243 304
Benzodiazepines -- -- 5,438a 4,841 -- --
Opioids nr nr 10,250 10,065 3,042 3,101
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 23,323 23,588 8,855 9,333
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 49.2a 50.2 19.4a 20.8 11.7a 13.0
Marijuana 45.3a 46.2 15.9a 17.5 10.1a 11.5
Cocaine 14.7 15.1 2.0 2.0 0.7 0.7
Crack 3.4 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Heroin 1.9 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 15.8 16.0 2.0 2.2 0.6 0.7
LSD 10.0 10.0 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.2
PCP 2.2 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 7.3 7.3 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.2
Inhalants 9.1 9.1 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.3
Methamphetamine 5.4 5.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 6.2 5.9 2.0 1.9
Pain Relievers nr nr 3.6 3.5 1.0 1.0
Stimulants nr nr 1.9 1.8 0.6 0.6
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 2.4 2.1 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers nr nr 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.6
Sedatives nr nr 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- 2.0a 1.8 -- --
Opioids nr nr 3.7 3.7 1.1 1.1
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 8.5 8.6 3.2 3.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,952 6,090 4,151 4,279 2,000 2,167
Marijuana 3,823 3,947 3,110 3,284 1,658 1,837
Cocaine 173 154 112 97 12 34
Crack 15 20 4 11 * 5
Heroin 16 21 10 * 8 *
Hallucinogens 565 615 376 440 139 152
LSD 326 392 204a 279 55 68
PCP 30 41 15 21 4 *
Ecstasy 209 225 130 144 53 40
Inhalants 2,125 2,202 662 743 184 216
Methamphetamine 70 75 43 41 17 11
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 1,196 1,062 312 329
Pain Relievers nr nr 695a 567 161 165
Stimulants nr nr 369 430 120 123
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 460 436 88 121
Tranquilizers nr nr 423 392 81 112
Sedatives nr nr 63 82 9 29
Benzodiazepines -- -- 399 381 -- --
Opioids nr nr 699a 567 169 165
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 1,901 1,862 584 598
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 23.9 24.5 16.7 17.2 8.0 8.7
Marijuana 15.4 15.8 12.5 13.2 6.7 7.4
Cocaine 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 *
Hallucinogens 2.3 2.5 1.5 1.8 0.6 0.6
LSD 1.3 1.6 0.8a 1.1 0.2 0.3
PCP 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 8.5 8.8 2.7 3.0 0.7 0.9
Methamphetamine 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 4.8 4.3 1.3 1.3
Pain Relievers nr nr 2.8a 2.3 0.6 0.7
Stimulants nr nr 1.5 1.7 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 1.8 1.8 0.4 0.5
Tranquilizers nr nr 1.7 1.6 0.3 0.5
Sedatives nr nr 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- 1.6 1.5 -- --
Opioids nr nr 2.8a 2.3 0.7 0.7
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 7.6 7.5 2.3 2.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 128,840a 131,937 49,031a 52,924 29,917a 33,636
Marijuana 120,112a 123,192 40,377a 44,958 26,009a 29,769
Cocaine 40,021 41,291 5,418 5,371 1,938 1,965
Crack 9,163 9,355 753 766 436 372
Heroin 5,093 5,675 798 745 347 431
Hallucinogens 42,690 43,472 5,219 5,571 1,491 1,763
LSD 27,013 27,137 2,115 2,191 403 512
PCP 6,055 5,475 56 52 30 *
Ecstasy 19,740 19,872 2,386 2,395 636 623
Inhalants 22,658 22,889 1,341 1,399 428 591
Methamphetamine 14,822 15,939 1,824 1,958 984 1,161
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 15,686 15,242 5,112 5,008
Pain Relievers nr nr 9,253 9,158 2,691 2,654
Stimulants nr nr 4,739 4,499 1,550 1,443
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 5,975 5,459 1,711 1,837
Tranquilizers nr nr 5,319 4,829 1,553 1,669
Sedatives nr nr 1,021 1,016 234 275
Benzodiazepines -- -- 5,039 4,460 -- --
Opioids nr nr 9,551 9,499 2,874 2,936
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 21,422 21,727 8,271 8,735
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 51.8a 52.7 19.7a 21.1 12.0a 13.4
Marijuana 48.3a 49.2 16.2a 18.0 10.5a 11.9
Cocaine 16.1 16.5 2.2 2.1 0.8 0.8
Crack 3.7 3.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Heroin 2.0 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 17.2 17.4 2.1 2.2 0.6 0.7
LSD 10.9 10.8 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2
PCP 2.4 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 7.9 7.9 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2
Inhalants 9.1 9.1 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
Methamphetamine 6.0 6.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 6.3 6.1 2.1 2.0
Pain Relievers nr nr 3.7 3.7 1.1 1.1
Stimulants nr nr 1.9 1.8 0.6 0.6
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 2.4 2.2 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers nr nr 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.7
Sedatives nr nr 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- 2.0a 1.8 -- --
Opioids nr nr 3.8 3.8 1.2 1.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 8.6 8.7 3.3 3.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,922 18,832 13,168 13,193 8,130 8,406
Marijuana 17,512 17,450 11,829 11,952 7,528 7,749
Cocaine 3,872 3,809 1,967 1,789 524 540
Crack 340 339 87 61 28 18
Heroin 459 389 157a 87 61 38
Hallucinogens 5,597 5,597 2,332 2,425 580 625
LSD 3,338 3,368 1,187 1,202 237 260
PCP 215 249 10 30 * 8
Ecstasy 3,586 3,500 1,063 1,089 245 214
Inhalants 3,053 3,099 495 577 128 157
Methamphetamine 867 904 273 275 90 110
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 4,202a 3,868 1,261 1,145
Pain Relievers nr nr 1,858 1,754 475 420
Stimulants nr nr 2,216a 1,951 587 587
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 1,658a 1,409 422 365
Tranquilizers nr nr 1,566a 1,313 395 337
Sedatives nr nr 194 175 43 44
Benzodiazepines -- -- 1,526a 1,266 -- --
Opioids nr nr 1,895 1,776 508 439
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 6,006 5,791 2,053 2,059
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 55.6 55.8 38.7 39.1 23.9 24.9
Marijuana 51.5 51.7 34.8 35.4 22.1 23.0
Cocaine 11.4 11.3 5.8 5.3 1.5 1.6
Crack 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Heroin 1.3 1.2 0.5a 0.3 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 16.4 16.6 6.9 7.2 1.7 1.9
LSD 9.8 10.0 3.5 3.6 0.7 0.8
PCP 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.1 * 0.0
Ecstasy 10.5 10.4 3.1 3.2 0.7 0.6
Inhalants 9.0 9.2 1.5 1.7 0.4 0.5
Methamphetamine 2.5 2.7 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 12.3 11.5 3.7 3.4
Pain Relievers nr nr 5.5 5.2 1.4 1.2
Stimulants nr nr 6.5 5.8 1.7 1.7
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 4.9a 4.2 1.2 1.1
Tranquilizers nr nr 4.6a 3.9 1.2 1.0
Sedatives nr nr 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- 4.5a 3.8 -- --
Opioids nr nr 5.6 5.3 1.5 1.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 17.6 17.2 6.0 6.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 109,917a 113,104 35,863a 39,731 21,788a 25,231
Marijuana 102,600a 105,742 28,548a 33,007 18,481a 22,020
Cocaine 36,150 37,483 3,451 3,582 1,414 1,425
Crack 8,823 9,016 666 706 408 355
Heroin 4,633 5,287 641 658 285 392
Hallucinogens 37,093 37,876 2,887 3,146 911 1,138
LSD 23,675 23,769 928 989 166 252
PCP 5,839 5,226 45 22 30 *
Ecstasy 16,155 16,372 1,324 1,306 391 409
Inhalants 19,605 19,790 846 822 300 434
Methamphetamine 13,954 15,034 1,551 1,682 894 1,051
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 11,484 11,374 3,851 3,863
Pain Relievers nr nr 7,395 7,404 2,216 2,234
Stimulants nr nr 2,524 2,548 963 856
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 4,317 4,050 1,289 1,472
Tranquilizers nr nr 3,753 3,516 1,159 1,332
Sedatives nr nr 827 841 191 231
Benzodiazepines -- -- 3,513 3,194 -- --
Opioids nr nr 7,656 7,723 2,366 2,497
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 15,416 15,936 6,217 6,676
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Drug Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
ILLICIT DRUGS1 51.2a 52.2 16.7a 18.3 10.1a 11.6
Marijuana 47.8a 48.8 13.3a 15.2 8.6a 10.2
Cocaine 16.8 17.3 1.6 1.7 0.7 0.7
Crack 4.1 4.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Heroin 2.2 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 17.3 17.5 1.3 1.5 0.4 0.5
LSD 11.0 11.0 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1
PCP 2.7 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 7.5 7.6 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 9.1 9.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2
Methamphetamine 6.5 6.9 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5
Misuse of Psychotherapeutics nr nr 5.3 5.3 1.8 1.8
Pain Relievers nr nr 3.4 3.4 1.0 1.0
Stimulants nr nr 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nr nr 2.0 1.9 0.6 0.7
Tranquilizers nr nr 1.7 1.6 0.5 0.6
Sedatives nr nr 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- 1.6 1.5 -- --
Opioids nr nr 3.6 3.6 1.1 1.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 nr nr 7.2 7.4 2.9 3.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
2 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.6A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 134,791a 138,027 53,182a 57,203 31,918a 35,803
12-20 12,364 12,323 9,126 9,116 5,078 5,137
21 or Older 122,427 125,704 44,056a 48,087 26,840a 30,666
12-17 5,952 6,090 4,151 4,279 2,000 2,167
12-13 893a 1,041 529 582 164 214
14-15 1,959 1,970 1,288 1,313 561 622
16-17 3,099 3,080 2,333 2,384 1,276 1,331
16-25 22,021 21,912 15,501 15,577 9,406 9,737
18 or Older 128,840a 131,937 49,031a 52,924 29,917a 33,636
18-25 18,922 18,832 13,168 13,193 8,130 8,406
18-20 6,412 6,233 4,975 4,837 3,077 2,970
21-25 12,510 12,599 8,193 8,356 5,053 5,436
26 or Older 109,917a 113,104 35,863a 39,731 21,788a 25,231
26-49 57,162a 59,083 23,942a 26,092 14,943a 16,479
26-29 11,196 11,523 6,117 6,690 3,777a 4,419
30-34 13,073 13,677 6,096 6,520 3,796 4,056
35-39 12,619 12,847 4,924 5,338 3,116 3,337
40-44 10,192 10,694 3,778 3,887 2,374 2,337
45-49 10,082 10,342 3,026a 3,657 1,881a 2,330
50 or Older 52,755 54,021 11,921a 13,639 6,845a 8,752
50-54 11,783 11,391 3,076 3,108 1,733 2,024
55-59 12,449 12,209 3,301 3,498 1,811 2,203
60-64 11,895 12,176 2,648a 3,303 1,641a 2,281
65 or Older 16,628a 18,245 2,897a 3,730 1,660a 2,243
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.6B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 49.2a 50.2 19.4a 20.8 11.7a 13.0
12-20 32.6 32.4 24.0 23.9 13.4 13.5
21 or Older 51.9a 53.0 18.7a 20.3 11.4a 12.9
12-17 23.9 24.5 16.7 17.2 8.0 8.7
12-13 11.3 12.7 6.7 7.1 2.1 2.6
14-15 23.3 23.2 15.3 15.5 6.7 7.3
16-17 36.0 37.3 27.1 28.9 14.8 16.1
16-25 51.6 52.2 36.4 37.1 22.1a 23.2
18 or Older 51.8a 52.7 19.7a 21.1 12.0a 13.4
18-25 55.6 55.8 38.7 39.1 23.9 24.9
18-20 49.1 47.3 38.1 36.7 23.6 22.6
21-25 59.7 61.3 39.1 40.6 24.1a 26.4
26 or Older 51.2a 52.2 16.7a 18.3 10.1a 11.6
26-49 56.6a 58.3 23.7a 25.8 14.8a 16.3
26-29 62.8 63.8 34.3a 37.1 21.2a 24.5
30-34 58.9a 61.4 27.5 29.3 17.1 18.2
35-39 57.5 60.0 22.5a 24.9 14.2 15.6
40-44 52.1a 55.5 19.3 20.2 12.1 12.1
45-49 51.9 51.1 15.6a 18.1 9.7a 11.5
50 or Older 46.3 46.9 10.5a 11.8 6.0a 7.6
50-54 57.3 55.3 14.9 15.1 8.4 9.8
55-59 57.3 57.4 15.2 16.4 8.3 10.4
60-64 58.4 59.2 13.0a 16.1 8.1a 11.1
65 or Older 32.5 34.5 5.7a 7.1 3.2a 4.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.7A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 123,935a 127,139 43,486a 48,242 27,667a 31,606
12-20 9,646 9,580 7,695 7,696 4,582 4,626
21 or Older 114,290 117,559 35,792a 40,546 23,085a 26,981
12-17 3,823 3,947 3,110 3,284 1,658 1,837
12-13 169a 253 144a 201 69 84
14-15 1,152 1,165 955 992 430 527
16-17 2,502 2,528 2,011 2,091 1,159 1,227
16-25 20,014 19,978 13,839 14,042 8,687 8,976
18 or Older 120,112a 123,192 40,377a 44,958 26,009a 29,769
18-25 17,512 17,450 11,829 11,952 7,528 7,749
18-20 5,823 5,633 4,585 4,412 2,924 2,788
21-25 11,690 11,817 7,243 7,539 4,603 4,961
26 or Older 102,600a 105,742 28,548a 33,007 18,481a 22,020
26-49 53,102a 55,315 19,660a 22,016 12,917a 14,559
26-29 10,468 10,906 5,269a 5,958 3,352a 4,026
30-34 12,248 12,842 5,066 5,562 3,349 3,627
35-39 11,883 12,077 4,027 4,451 2,651 2,932
40-44 9,334 9,922 3,052 3,134 2,050 2,023
45-49 9,170 9,568 2,245a 2,911 1,514a 1,951
50 or Older 49,498 50,427 8,889a 10,990 5,564a 7,461
50-54 11,069 10,707 2,285 2,562 1,447 1,695
55-59 11,900 11,394 2,348 2,867 1,449 1,906
60-64 11,365 11,664 2,153a 2,891 1,384a 2,024
65 or Older 15,164a 16,662 2,103 2,670 1,284a 1,836
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.7B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 45.3a 46.2 15.9a 17.5 10.1a 11.5
12-20 25.4 25.2 20.3 20.2 12.1 12.1
21 or Older 48.5a 49.6 15.2a 17.1 9.8a 11.4
12-17 15.4 15.8 12.5 13.2 6.7 7.4
12-13 2.1a 3.1 1.8 2.5 0.9 1.0
14-15 13.7 13.7 11.3 11.7 5.1 6.2
16-17 29.1 30.6 23.4 25.3 13.5 14.9
16-25 46.9 47.6 32.5 33.4 20.4 21.4
18 or Older 48.3a 49.2 16.2a 18.0 10.5a 11.9
18-25 51.5 51.7 34.8 35.4 22.1 23.0
18-20 44.6 42.8 35.1 33.5 22.4 21.2
21-25 55.7 57.5 34.5a 36.7 21.9a 24.1
26 or Older 47.8a 48.8 13.3a 15.2 8.6a 10.2
26-49 52.6a 54.6 19.5a 21.7 12.8a 14.4
26-29 58.7 60.4 29.6a 33.0 18.8a 22.3
30-34 55.2a 57.7 22.8a 25.0 15.1 16.3
35-39 54.2 56.4 18.4a 20.8 12.1 13.7
40-44 47.7a 51.5 15.6 16.3 10.5 10.5
45-49 47.2 47.2 11.6a 14.4 7.8a 9.6
50 or Older 43.5 43.7 7.8a 9.5 4.9a 6.5
50-54 53.8 51.9 11.1 12.4 7.0 8.2
55-59 54.8 53.6 10.8a 13.5 6.7a 9.0
60-64 55.8 56.7 10.6a 14.0 6.8a 9.8
65 or Older 29.6 31.5 4.1 5.1 2.5a 3.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.8A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 40,194 41,445 5,529 5,468 1,949 1,998
12-20 1,054 925 692a 529 176 161
21 or Older 39,140 40,520 4,838 4,939 1,773 1,838
12-17 173 154 112 97 12 34
12-13 8 12 5 12 0 *
14-15 32 30 24 20 * 11
16-17 133 112 83 65 11 23
16-25 4,005 3,920 2,050 1,853 535 563
18 or Older 40,021 41,291 5,418 5,371 1,938 1,965
18-25 3,872 3,809 1,967 1,789 524 540
18-20 882 771 580a 432 164 127
21-25 2,990 3,038 1,387 1,357 359 413
26 or Older 36,150 37,483 3,451 3,582 1,414 1,425
26-49 17,623 17,622 2,823 2,863 1,076 1,051
26-29 3,305 3,298 1,063 957 431 296
30-34 4,166 4,173 756 811 198 309
35-39 4,074 3,870 482 565 192 200
40-44 2,941 3,346 268 284 129 149
45-49 3,136 2,936 254 246 126 98
50 or Older 18,527 19,861 628 720 338 374
50-54 4,744 4,307 190 181 64 118
55-59 5,347 5,339 156 219 93 96
60-64 4,482 5,323 252 220 173 129
65 or Older 3,955a 4,892 30 100 8 32
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.8B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 14.7 15.1 2.0 2.0 0.7 0.7
12-20 2.8 2.4 1.8a 1.4 0.5 0.4
21 or Older 16.6 17.1 2.1 2.1 0.8 0.8
12-17 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1
12-13 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 *
14-15 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 * 0.1
16-17 1.5 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.1 0.3
16-25 9.4 9.3 4.8 4.4 1.3 1.3
18 or Older 16.1 16.5 2.2 2.1 0.8 0.8
18-25 11.4 11.3 5.8 5.3 1.5 1.6
18-20 6.7 5.9 4.4a 3.3 1.3 1.0
21-25 14.3 14.8 6.6 6.6 1.7 2.0
26 or Older 16.8 17.3 1.6 1.7 0.7 0.7
26-49 17.5 17.4 2.8 2.8 1.1 1.0
26-29 18.5 18.3 6.0 5.3 2.4 1.6
30-34 18.8 18.7 3.4 3.6 0.9 1.4
35-39 18.6 18.1 2.2 2.6 0.9 0.9
40-44 15.0a 17.4 1.4 1.5 0.7 0.8
45-49 16.2 14.5 1.3 1.2 0.6 0.5
50 or Older 16.3 17.2 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3
50-54 23.1 20.9 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.6
55-59 24.6 25.1 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.5
60-64 22.0a 25.9 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.6
65 or Older 7.7a 9.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.9A – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 9,177 9,375 757 778 436 378
12-20 88 71 34 27 11 10
21 or Older 9,089 9,304 723 751 425 368
12-17 15 20 4 11 * 5
12-13 1 * * * * *
14-15 2 3 * * * *
16-17 12 16 4 11 * 5
16-25 352 355 91 72 28 23
18 or Older 9,163 9,355 753 766 436 372
18-25 340 339 87 61 28 18
18-20 74 51 30 15 11 4
21-25 266 287 57 46 17 13
26 or Older 8,823 9,016 666 706 408 355
26-49 4,356 4,334 359 343 178 168
26-29 430 469 66 38 27 22
30-34 925 949 55 69 18 31
35-39 1,031 945 88 110 49 49
40-44 965 1,024 62 63 35 32
45-49 1,005 947 88 63 50 34
50 or Older 4,467 4,682 307 363 230 187
50-54 1,440 1,275 49 94 31 67
55-59 1,506 1,266 91 96 53 28
60-64 991 1,376 161 99 141 75
65 or Older 530 765 6 75 6 18
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.9B – Crack Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 3.4 3.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
12-20 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
21 or Older 3.9 3.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
12-17 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
12-13 0.0 * * * * *
14-15 0.0 0.0 * * * *
16-17 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 * 0.1
16-25 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
18 or Older 3.7 3.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
18-25 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
18-20 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
21-25 1.3 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
26 or Older 4.1 4.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
26-49 4.3 4.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
26-29 2.4 2.6 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1
30-34 4.2 4.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
35-39 4.7 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2
40-44 4.9 5.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
45-49 5.2 4.7 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2
50 or Older 3.9 4.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
50-54 7.0 6.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3
55-59 6.9 6.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1
60-64 4.9 6.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.4
65 or Older 1.0 1.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.10A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 43,255 44,087 5,595 6,010 1,630 1,915
12-20 2,053 1,999 1,233 1,271 340 360
21 or Older 41,202 42,088 4,362 4,739 1,290 1,554
12-17 565 615 376 440 139 152
12-13 57 50 37 29 12 17
14-15 157 175 114 125 41 50
16-17 351 390 225 285 86 85
16-25 5,948 5,986 2,557 2,710 666 710
18 or Older 42,690 43,472 5,219 5,571 1,491 1,763
18-25 5,597 5,597 2,332 2,425 580 625
18-20 1,488 1,385 857 831 201 208
21-25 4,109 4,212 1,475 1,593 379 416
26 or Older 37,093 37,876 2,887 3,146 911 1,138
26-49 21,223 21,719 2,571 2,742 791 1,002
26-29 4,284 4,398 1,049 1,023 292 358
30-34 4,722 5,101 692 878 217 326
35-39 5,027 4,857 434 396 165 157
40-44 3,989 4,086 246 268 81 89
45-49 3,202 3,277 150 178 37 71
50 or Older 15,870 16,157 317 404 120 136
50-54 3,634 3,312 120 114 59 29
55-59 4,482 3,927 35 129 17 51
60-64 3,911 4,240 99 52 35 6
65 or Older 3,843a 4,678 63 109 8 51
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.10B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 15.8 16.0 2.0 2.2 0.6 0.7
12-20 5.4 5.3 3.2 3.3 0.9 0.9
21 or Older 17.5 17.7 1.9 2.0 0.5 0.7
12-17 2.3 2.5 1.5 1.8 0.6 0.6
12-13 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
14-15 1.9 2.1 1.4 1.5 0.5 0.6
16-17 4.1 4.7 2.6a 3.4 1.0 1.0
16-25 13.9 14.3 6.0 6.5 1.6 1.7
18 or Older 17.2 17.4 2.1 2.2 0.6 0.7
18-25 16.4 16.6 6.9 7.2 1.7 1.9
18-20 11.4 10.5 6.6 6.3 1.5 1.6
21-25 19.6 20.5 7.0 7.7 1.8 2.0
26 or Older 17.3 17.5 1.3 1.5 0.4 0.5
26-49 21.0 21.4 2.5 2.7 0.8 1.0
26-29 24.0 24.4 5.9 5.7 1.6 2.0
30-34 21.3 22.9 3.1 3.9 1.0 1.5
35-39 22.9 22.7 2.0 1.8 0.8 0.7
40-44 20.4 21.2 1.3 1.4 0.4 0.5
45-49 16.5 16.2 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.3
50 or Older 13.9 14.0 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
50-54 17.7 16.1 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.1
55-59 20.6 18.5 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.2
60-64 19.2 20.6 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0
65 or Older 7.5 8.9 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.11A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 24,783 25,090 2,003 2,142 612 807
12-20 3,148 3,124 865 967 232 259
21 or Older 21,635 21,966 1,138 1,175 380 548
12-17 2,125 2,202 662 743 184 216
12-13 575 675 253 285 64 85
14-15 842 827 259 266 75 69
16-17 708 699 150 192 45 63
16-25 3,761 3,798 645 769 173 220
18 or Older 22,658 22,889 1,341 1,399 428 591
18-25 3,053 3,099 495 577 128 157
18-20 1,022 922 203 224 48 43
21-25 2,031 2,176 292 353 80 114
26 or Older 19,605 19,790 846 822 300 434
26-49 11,970 11,893 617 623 224 332
26-29 1,964 1,957 138 184 50 73
30-34 2,469 2,671 184 167 24a 101
35-39 2,986a 2,574 127 133 49 56
40-44 2,417 2,440 84 81 47 47
45-49 2,133 2,252 84 59 55 54
50 or Older 7,635 7,897 229 199 76 102
50-54 2,263 2,035 101 63 36 15
55-59 2,180 2,059 77 47 26 37
60-64 1,842 1,963 20 * 2 *
65 or Older 1,350a 1,839 31 89 12 50
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.11B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 9.1 9.1 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.3
12-20 8.3 8.2 2.3 2.5 0.6 0.7
21 or Older 9.2 9.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2
12-17 8.5 8.8 2.7 3.0 0.7 0.9
12-13 7.3 8.3 3.2 3.5 0.8 1.0
14-15 10.0 9.8 3.1 3.1 0.9 0.8
16-17 8.2 8.5 1.7 2.3 0.5 0.8
16-25 8.8 9.0 1.5 1.8 0.4 0.5
18 or Older 9.1 9.1 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2
18-25 9.0 9.2 1.5 1.7 0.4 0.5
18-20 7.8 7.0 1.6 1.7 0.4 0.3
21-25 9.7 10.6 1.4 1.7 0.4 0.6
26 or Older 9.1 9.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2
26-49 11.9 11.7 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.3
26-29 11.0 10.8 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.4
30-34 11.1 12.0 0.8 0.7 0.1a 0.5
35-39 13.6 12.0 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.3
40-44 12.3 12.7 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2
45-49 11.0 11.1 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
50 or Older 6.7 6.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
50-54 11.0 9.9 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
55-59 10.0 9.7 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2
60-64 9.0 9.5 0.1 * 0.0 *
65 or Older 2.6 3.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.12A – Methamphetamine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 14,892 16,013 1,867 1,999 1,001 1,173
12-20 258 242 147 115 44 34
21 or Older 14,634 15,771 1,719 1,884 957 1,139
12-17 70 75 43 41 17 11
12-13 6 12 3 9 2 3
14-15 15 16 11 9 5 5
16-17 49 47 28 24 9 3
16-25 916 951 301 299 100 114
18 or Older 14,822 15,939 1,824 1,958 984 1,161
18-25 867 904 273 275 90 110
18-20 188 167 104 74 28 23
21-25 680 737 169 202 63 88
26 or Older 13,954 15,034 1,551 1,682 894 1,051
26-49 7,356 7,727 1,149 1,262 576a 800
26-29 945 1,001 216 238 74 139
30-34 1,757 1,619 364 312 215 164
35-39 1,869 1,779 250 318 118a 211
40-44 1,488a 1,800 162 228 68a 162
45-49 1,298 1,528 157 165 101 124
50 or Older 6,598 7,307 402 420 318 251
50-54 1,712 1,549 110 159 106 81
55-59 1,914 1,687 107 102 71 83
60-64 1,811 1,934 126 99 82 73
65 or Older 1,161a 2,137 59 60 59 14
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.12B – Methamphetamine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Lifetime
(2018)
Lifetime
(2019)
Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 5.4 5.8 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4
12-20 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1
21 or Older 6.2 6.7 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5
12-17 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0
12-13 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
14-15 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
16-17 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0
16-25 2.1 2.3 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3
18 or Older 6.0 6.4 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5
18-25 2.5 2.7 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3
18-20 1.4 1.3 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2
21-25 3.2 3.6 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.4
26 or Older 6.5 6.9 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5
26-49 7.3 7.6 1.1 1.2 0.6a 0.8
26-29 5.3 5.5 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.8
30-34 7.9 7.3 1.6 1.4 1.0 0.7
35-39 8.5 8.3 1.1 1.5 0.5a 1.0
40-44 7.6a 9.3 0.8 1.2 0.3a 0.8
45-49 6.7 7.5 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6
50 or Older 5.8 6.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2
50-54 8.3 7.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.4
55-59 8.8 7.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4
60-64 8.9 9.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
65 or Older 2.3a 4.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.13A – Any Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year and Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 86,548a 82,559 9,948 9,724 2,852 2,819
12-20 7,364 7,054 1,386a 1,143 332 301
21 or Older 79,184a 75,505 8,562 8,582 2,520 2,518
12-17 4,141 3,980 695a 567 161 165
12-13 974 950 127 112 24 36
14-15 1,312 1,400 212 176 46 51
16-17 1,855a 1,630 356 278 91 77
16-25 10,786a 9,987 2,214 2,032 565 497
18 or Older 82,407a 78,579 9,253 9,158 2,691 2,654
18-25 8,931a 8,357 1,858 1,754 475 420
18-20 3,223 3,074 691 576 171 136
21-25 5,707a 5,284 1,167 1,178 304 284
26 or Older 73,476a 70,222 7,395 7,404 2,216 2,234
26-49 32,570a 30,585 4,765 4,797 1,470 1,370
26-29 5,334 5,089 948 1,023 263 322
30-34 6,965 6,752 1,253 1,205 365 325
35-39 7,249a 6,459 1,091 1,074 328 277
40-44 6,456 5,992 773 802 264 205
45-49 6,567 6,292 700 693 250 241
50 or Older 40,906 39,637 2,630 2,607 746 864
50-54 7,460 6,674 700 646 187 227
55-59 8,052 7,169 763 638 218 208
60-64 7,449 7,325 487 422 152 197
65 or Older 17,945 18,470 681 900 191 232
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.13B – Any Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year and Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 31.6a 30.0 3.6 3.5 1.0 1.0
12-20 19.4 18.5 3.7a 3.0 0.9 0.8
21 or Older 33.6a 31.8 3.6 3.6 1.1 1.1
12-17 16.6 16.0 2.8a 2.3 0.6 0.7
12-13 12.4 11.6 1.6 1.4 0.3 0.4
14-15 15.6 16.5 2.5 2.1 0.5 0.6
16-17 21.6 19.7 4.1 3.4 1.1 0.9
16-25 25.3a 23.8 5.2 4.8 1.3 1.2
18 or Older 33.1a 31.4 3.7 3.7 1.1 1.1
18-25 26.2a 24.8 5.5 5.2 1.4 1.2
18-20 24.7 23.3 5.3a 4.4 1.3 1.0
21-25 27.2 25.7 5.6 5.7 1.4 1.4
26 or Older 34.2a 32.4 3.4 3.4 1.0 1.0
26-49 32.3a 30.2 4.7 4.7 1.5 1.4
26-29 29.9 28.2 5.3 5.7 1.5 1.8
30-34 31.4 30.3 5.6 5.4 1.6 1.5
35-39 33.1a 30.1 5.0 5.0 1.5 1.3
40-44 33.0 31.1 3.9 4.2 1.3 1.1
45-49 33.8a 31.1 3.6 3.4 1.3 1.2
50 or Older 35.9 34.4 2.3 2.3 0.7 0.7
50-54 36.2a 32.4 3.4 3.1 0.9 1.1
55-59 37.1 33.7 3.5 3.0 1.0 1.0
60-64 36.6 35.6 2.4 2.1 0.7 1.0
65 or Older 35.0 35.0 1.3 1.7 0.4 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.14A – Any Use of Stimulants in Past Year and Misuse of Stimulants in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 18,008 18,290 5,109 4,929 1,670 1,566
12-20 3,294 3,339 1,070 1,093 255 301
21 or Older 14,714 14,950 4,039 3,835 1,414 1,265
12-17 1,752 1,837 369 430 120 123
12-13 415 378 28 24 5 3
14-15 533 619 109 119 31 38
16-17 804 841 232 287 85 82
16-25 5,277 5,161 2,447 2,238 672 668
18 or Older 16,256 16,453 4,739 4,499 1,550 1,443
18-25 4,473 4,320 2,216a 1,951 587 587
18-20 1,542 1,502 701 664 135 178
21-25 2,931 2,818 1,515a 1,287 451 409
26 or Older 11,783 12,133 2,524 2,548 963 856
26-49 7,963 8,105 2,363 2,247 862 754
26-29 1,998 1,998 790 695 299 198
30-34 1,982 2,134 748 748 256 253
35-39 1,732 1,588 458 410 212 147
40-44 1,210 1,230 206 263 33a 114
45-49 1,041 1,156 161 130 63 43
50 or Older 3,820 4,028 160 301 101 102
50-54 908 865 60 72 18 5
55-59 1,034 1,096 33a 128 29 38
60-64 673 727 33 66 31 59
65 or Older 1,204 1,340 34 34 23 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.14B – Any Use of Stimulants in Past Year and Misuse of Stimulants in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 6.6 6.6 1.9 1.8 0.6 0.6
12-20 8.7 8.8 2.8 2.9 0.7 0.8
21 or Older 6.2 6.3 1.7 1.6 0.6 0.5
12-17 7.0 7.4 1.5 1.7 0.5 0.5
12-13 5.3 4.6 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0
14-15 6.3 7.3 1.3 1.4 0.4 0.5
16-17 9.3 10.2 2.7 3.5 1.0 1.0
16-25 12.4 12.3 5.7 5.3 1.6 1.6
18 or Older 6.5 6.6 1.9 1.8 0.6 0.6
18-25 13.1 12.8 6.5 5.8 1.7 1.7
18-20 11.8 11.4 5.4 5.0 1.0 1.3
21-25 14.0 13.7 7.2a 6.3 2.2 2.0
26 or Older 5.5 5.6 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.4
26-49 7.9 8.0 2.3 2.2 0.9 0.7
26-29 11.2 11.1 4.4 3.9 1.7 1.1
30-34 8.9 9.6 3.4 3.4 1.2 1.1
35-39 7.9 7.4 2.1 1.9 1.0 0.7
40-44 6.2 6.4 1.1 1.4 0.2a 0.6
45-49 5.4 5.7 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2
50 or Older 3.4 3.5 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1
50-54 4.4 4.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0
55-59 4.8 5.2 0.2a 0.6 0.1 0.2
60-64 3.3 3.5 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3
65 or Older 2.4 2.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.15A – Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year and Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 46,394a 44,051 6,435 5,895 1,799 1,958
12-20 2,799 2,564 1,091a 909 259 231
21 or Older 43,595a 41,488 5,344 4,986 1,540 1,727
12-17 1,371 1,370 460 436 88 121
12-13 253 276 32 24 6 10
14-15 478 435 152 124 26 34
16-17 640 659 277 287 56 78
16-25 4,874 4,654 1,934a 1,697 478 442
18 or Older 45,023a 42,682 5,975 5,459 1,711 1,837
18-25 4,234 3,995 1,658a 1,409 422 365
18-20 1,428a 1,194 631a 473 170a 110
21-25 2,806 2,801 1,027 936 252 254
26 or Older 40,789a 38,687 4,317 4,050 1,289 1,472
26-49 16,384 16,129 2,912 2,582 807 1,006
26-29 2,505 2,519 759 600 200 230
30-34 3,454 3,428 808 743 215 318
35-39 3,510 3,305 639 514 225 180
40-44 3,262 3,363 353 413 74a 181
45-49 3,654 3,514 353 312 92 97
50 or Older 24,405a 22,558 1,405 1,468 482 467
50-54 4,478a 3,575 390 358 104 106
55-59 4,495 4,234 466 408 66 151
60-64 4,469 4,133 236 378 145 103
65 or Older 10,964 10,615 313 325 167 106
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.15B – Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year and Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 16.9a 16.0 2.4 2.1 0.7 0.7
12-20 7.4a 6.7 2.9a 2.4 0.7 0.6
21 or Older 18.5a 17.5 2.3 2.1 0.7 0.7
12-17 5.5 5.5 1.8 1.8 0.4 0.5
12-13 3.2 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1
14-15 5.7 5.1 1.8 1.5 0.3 0.4
16-17 7.4 8.0 3.2 3.5 0.6 0.9
16-25 11.4 11.1 4.5a 4.0 1.1 1.1
18 or Older 18.1a 17.1 2.4 2.2 0.7 0.7
18-25 12.4 11.8 4.9a 4.2 1.2 1.1
18-20 10.9a 9.1 4.8a 3.6 1.3a 0.8
21-25 13.4 13.6 4.9 4.6 1.2 1.2
26 or Older 19.0a 17.9 2.0 1.9 0.6 0.7
26-49 16.2 15.9 2.9 2.5 0.8 1.0
26-29 14.0 14.0 4.3 3.3 1.1 1.3
30-34 15.6 15.4 3.6 3.3 1.0 1.4
35-39 16.0 15.4 2.9 2.4 1.0 0.8
40-44 16.7 17.4 1.8 2.1 0.4a 0.9
45-49 18.8 17.3 1.8 1.5 0.5 0.5
50 or Older 21.4a 19.6 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.4
50-54 21.8a 17.3 1.9 1.7 0.5 0.5
55-59 20.7 19.9 2.1 1.9 0.3 0.7
60-64 21.9 20.1 1.2 1.8 0.7 0.5
65 or Older 21.4 20.1 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.16A – Any Use of Tranquilizers in Past Year and Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 37,610a 35,601 5,742 5,220 1,634 1,781
12-20 2,231a 1,995 1,023a 840 239 216
21 or Older 35,379 33,606 4,718 4,381 1,395 1,565
12-17 1,001 1,010 423 392 81 112
12-13 148 140 20 16 6 5
14-15 346 308 144 105 24 32
16-17 507 562 259 271 51 75
16-25 4,188 3,980 1,825a 1,584 446 412
18 or Older 36,609a 34,591 5,319 4,829 1,553 1,669
18-25 3,681 3,419 1,566a 1,313 395 337
18-20 1,230a 985 601a 448 158 104
21-25 2,451 2,434 965 865 237 233
26 or Older 32,928a 31,172 3,753 3,516 1,159 1,332
26-49 13,655 13,668 2,613 2,342 746 952
26-29 2,137 2,183 692 570 185 227
30-34 2,932 2,986 730 711 203 312
35-39 3,006 2,835 569 448 209 161
40-44 2,608 2,886 306 373 62a 169
45-49 2,971 2,778 316 240 86 83
50 or Older 19,273a 17,504 1,141 1,174 413 380
50-54 3,700a 2,905 334 300 91 94
55-59 3,821 3,335 399 300 66 124
60-64 3,403 3,234 174 336 128 97
65 or Older 8,349 8,030 234 238 127 65
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.16B – Any Use of Tranquilizers in Past Year and Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 13.7a 12.9 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.6
12-20 5.9a 5.2 2.7a 2.2 0.6 0.6
21 or Older 15.0a 14.2 2.0 1.8 0.6 0.7
12-17 4.0 4.1 1.7 1.6 0.3 0.5
12-13 1.9 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
14-15 4.1 3.6 1.7 1.2 0.3 0.4
16-17 5.9 6.8 3.0 3.3 0.6 0.9
16-25 9.8 9.5 4.3a 3.8 1.0 1.0
18 or Older 14.7a 13.8 2.1 1.9 0.6 0.7
18-25 10.8 10.1 4.6a 3.9 1.2 1.0
18-20 9.4a 7.5 4.6a 3.4 1.2 0.8
21-25 11.7 11.8 4.6 4.2 1.1 1.1
26 or Older 15.3a 14.4 1.7 1.6 0.5 0.6
26-49 13.5 13.5 2.6 2.3 0.7 0.9
26-29 12.0 12.1 3.9 3.2 1.0 1.3
30-34 13.2 13.4 3.3 3.2 0.9 1.4
35-39 13.7 13.2 2.6 2.1 1.0 0.8
40-44 13.3 15.0 1.6 1.9 0.3a 0.9
45-49 15.3 13.7 1.6 1.2 0.4 0.4
50 or Older 16.9a 15.2 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.3
50-54 18.0a 14.1 1.6 1.5 0.4 0.5
55-59 17.6 15.7 1.8 1.4 0.3 0.6
60-64 16.7 15.7 0.9 1.6 0.6 0.5
65 or Older 16.3 15.2 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.17A – Any Use of Sedatives in Past Year and Misuse of Sedatives in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 16,775 15,636 1,084 1,098 243 304
12-20 856 883 131 138 26 43
21 or Older 15,919 14,752 953 960 217 261
12-17 502 545 63 82 9 29
12-13 133 166 15 10 1 5
14-15 188 187 17 35 3 14
16-17 182 192 31 37 5 10
16-25 1,230 1,243 225 212 47 54
18 or Older 16,274a 15,091 1,021 1,016 234 275
18-25 1,049 1,051 194 175 43 44
18-20 354 339 68 56 17 15
21-25 695 712 126 119 26 30
26 or Older 15,225a 14,040 827 841 191 231
26-49 5,471a 4,862 527 423 99 112
26-29 711 615 110 71 17 11
30-34 1,052 967 143 85 25 43
35-39 1,133 978 140 104 37 31
40-44 1,203 1,008 73 72 13 12
45-49 1,372 1,293 60 91 7 14
50 or Older 9,753 9,178 300 417 92 119
50-54 1,756a 1,320 59 93 15 35
55-59 1,676 1,752 100 145 20 38
60-64 1,674 1,701 62 72 17 6
65 or Older 4,647 4,405 79 107 39 41
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.17B – Any Use of Sedatives in Past Year and Misuse of Sedatives in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past
Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past
Month
(2019)
TOTAL 6.1a 5.7 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
12-20 2.3 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1
21 or Older 6.8a 6.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
12-17 2.0 2.2 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1
12-13 1.7 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1
14-15 2.2 2.2 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2
16-17 2.1 2.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
16-25 2.9 3.0 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1
18 or Older 6.5a 6.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
18-25 3.1 3.1 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.1
18-20 2.7 2.6 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
21-25 3.3 3.5 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1
26 or Older 7.1a 6.5 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
26-49 5.4a 4.8 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1
26-29 4.0 3.4 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.1
30-34 4.7 4.3 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.2
35-39 5.2 4.6 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.1
40-44 6.1 5.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
45-49 7.1 6.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.1
50 or Older 8.6 8.0 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1
50-54 8.5a 6.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2
55-59 7.7 8.2 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.2
60-64 8.2 8.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0
65 or Older 9.1 8.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.18A – Any Use and Misuse of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past Year
(2019)
TOTAL 30,755 29,408 5,438a 4,841
12-20 1,861a 1,619 977a 817
21 or Older 28,894 27,789 4,461 4,024
12-17 769 749 399 381
12-13 78 78 15 14
14-15 255 215 132 107
16-17 436 455 252 259
16-25 3,666 3,438 1,778a 1,525
18 or Older 29,987 28,659 5,039 4,460
18-25 3,230 2,983 1,526a 1,266
18-20 1,092a 870 578a 436
21-25 2,137 2,113 948 830
26 or Older 26,757 25,676 3,513 3,194
26-49 11,265 11,285 2,466 2,169
26-29 1,886 1,850 663 550
30-34 2,383 2,617 685 683
35-39 2,458 2,268 542 399
40-44 2,086 2,343 289 312
45-49 2,452 2,207 286 225
50 or Older 15,491 14,391 1,047 1,026
50-54 2,937 2,384 329 251
55-59 3,091 2,705 333 269
60-64 2,831 2,629 174 268
65 or Older 6,632 6,673 210 238
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.18B – Any Use and Misuse of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Any Use in Past Year
(2018)
Any Use in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past Year
(2019)
TOTAL 11.2 10.7 2.0a 1.8
12-20 4.9a 4.3 2.6a 2.1
21 or Older 12.3 11.7 1.9 1.7
12-17 3.1 3.0 1.6 1.5
12-13 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.2
14-15 3.0 2.5 1.6 1.3
16-17 5.1 5.5 2.9 3.1
16-25 8.6 8.2 4.2a 3.6
18 or Older 12.0 11.4 2.0a 1.8
18-25 9.5 8.8 4.5a 3.8
18-20 8.4a 6.6 4.4a 3.3
21-25 10.2 10.3 4.5 4.0
26 or Older 12.5 11.9 1.6 1.5
26-49 11.2 11.1 2.4 2.1
26-29 10.6 10.2 3.7 3.0
30-34 10.7 11.7 3.1 3.1
35-39 11.2 10.6 2.5 1.9
40-44 10.7 12.2 1.5 1.6
45-49 12.6a 10.9 1.5 1.1
50 or Older 13.6 12.5 0.9 0.9
50-54 14.3a 11.6 1.6 1.2
55-59 14.2 12.7 1.5 1.3
60-64 13.9 12.8 0.9 1.3
65 or Older 13.0 12.6 0.4 0.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.19A – Misuse of Opioids in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Misuse in Past Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 10,250 10,065 3,042 3,101
12-20 1,410a 1,145 349 305
21 or Older 8,840 8,920 2,693 2,796
12-17 699a 567 169 165
12-13 128 112 26 36
14-15 213 176 50 51
16-17 358 278 93 77
16-25 2,253 2,054 601 517
18 or Older 9,551 9,499 2,874 2,936
18-25 1,895 1,776 508 439
18-20 711a 578 181 140
21-25 1,184 1,197 327 300
26 or Older 7,656 7,723 2,366 2,497
26-49 4,913 4,971 1,599 1,514
26-29 986 1,041 301 351
30-34 1,308 1,271 396 351
35-39 1,123 1,126 366 328
40-44 788 821 275 222
45-49 708 712 261 262
50 or Older 2,743 2,752 766 983
50-54 751 657 188 237
55-59 809 680 229 248
60-64 496 436 152 209
65 or Older 688 979 198 290
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.19B – Misuse of Opioids in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Misuse in Past Year
(2018)
Misuse in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse in Past Month
(2018)
Misuse in Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 1.1 1.1
12-20 3.7a 3.0 0.9 0.8
21 or Older 3.7 3.8 1.1 1.2
12-17 2.8a 2.3 0.7 0.7
12-13 1.6 1.4 0.3 0.4
14-15 2.5 2.1 0.6 0.6
16-17 4.2 3.4 1.1 0.9
16-25 5.3 4.9 1.4 1.2
18 or Older 3.8 3.8 1.2 1.2
18-25 5.6 5.3 1.5 1.3
18-20 5.4a 4.4 1.4 1.1
21-25 5.6 5.8 1.6 1.5
26 or Older 3.6 3.6 1.1 1.2
26-49 4.9 4.9 1.6 1.5
26-29 5.5 5.8 1.7 1.9
30-34 5.9 5.7 1.8 1.6
35-39 5.1 5.3 1.7 1.5
40-44 4.0 4.3 1.4 1.2
45-49 3.6 3.5 1.3 1.3
50 or Older 2.4 2.4 0.7 0.9
50-54 3.6 3.2 0.9 1.2
55-59 3.7 3.2 1.1 1.2
60-64 2.4 2.1 0.7 1.0
65 or Older 1.3 1.9 0.4 0.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.20A – Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 23,323 23,588 8,855 9,333
12-20 4,019 3,788 1,245 1,224
21 or Older 19,304 19,800 7,610 8,110
12-17 1,901 1,862 584 598
12-13 412 425 102 141
14-15 606 590 187 165
16-17 884 848 295 292
16-25 6,890 6,639 2,349 2,351
18 or Older 21,422 21,727 8,271 8,735
18-25 6,006 5,791 2,053 2,059
18-20 2,118 1,926 661 626
21-25 3,888 3,865 1,393 1,433
26 or Older 15,416 15,936 6,217 6,676
26-49 10,751 11,025 4,321 4,650
26-29 2,866 2,888 1,144 1,132
30-34 2,871 2,966 1,068 1,266
35-39 2,218 2,169 922 926
40-44 1,440 1,625 573 685
45-49 1,357 1,377 614 641
50 or Older 4,665 4,911 1,896 2,026
50-54 1,231 1,257 496 504
55-59 1,406 1,224 479 512
60-64 952 996 446 518
65 or Older 1,075 1,433 475 493
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.20B – Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana in Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Age Category Past Year
(2018)
Past Year
(2019)
Past Month
(2018)
Past Month
(2019)
TOTAL 8.5 8.6 3.2 3.4
12-20 10.6 9.9 3.3 3.2
21 or Older 8.2 8.3 3.2 3.4
12-17 7.6 7.5 2.3 2.4
12-13 5.2 5.2 1.3 1.7
14-15 7.2 6.9 2.2 1.9
16-17 10.3 10.3 3.4 3.5
16-25 16.2 15.8 5.5 5.6
18 or Older 8.6 8.7 3.3 3.5
18-25 17.6 17.2 6.0 6.1
18-20 16.2 14.6 5.1 4.8
21-25 18.5 18.8 6.6 7.0
26 or Older 7.2 7.4 2.9 3.1
26-49 10.7 10.9 4.3 4.6
26-29 16.1 16.0 6.4 6.3
30-34 12.9 13.3 4.8 5.7
35-39 10.1 10.1 4.2 4.3
40-44 7.4 8.4 2.9 3.6
45-49 7.0 6.8 3.2 3.2
50 or Older 4.1 4.3 1.7 1.8
50-54 6.0 6.1 2.4 2.4
55-59 6.5 5.8 2.2 2.4
60-64 4.7 4.8 2.2 2.5
65 or Older 2.1 2.7 0.9 0.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.21A – Any Use and Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics in Past Year among Past Year Any Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Prescription Drug/Age Group Any Use
in Past Year
(2018)
Any Use
in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Total Population
(2018)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Total Population
(2019)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Past Year
Any Users
(2018)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Past Year
Any Users
(2019)
PSYCHOTHERAPEUTICS 111,195a 108,037 16,882 16,304 16,882 16,304
12-17 5,779 5,612 1,196 1,062 1,196 1,062
18 or Older 105,417a 102,425 15,686 15,242 15,686 15,242
18-25 12,864a 12,187 4,202a 3,868 4,202 3,868
26 or Older 92,552a 90,238 11,484 11,374 11,484 11,374
PAIN RELIEVERS 86,548a 82,559 9,948 9,724 9,948 9,724
12-17 4,141 3,980 695a 567 695a 567
18 or Older 82,407a 78,579 9,253 9,158 9,253 9,158
18-25 8,931a 8,357 1,858 1,754 1,858 1,754
26 or Older 73,476a 70,222 7,395 7,404 7,395 7,404
STIMULANTS 18,008 18,290 5,109 4,929 5,109 4,929
12-17 1,752 1,837 369 430 369 430
18 or Older 16,256 16,453 4,739 4,499 4,739 4,499
18-25 4,473 4,320 2,216a 1,951 2,216a 1,951
26 or Older 11,783 12,133 2,524 2,548 2,524 2,548
TRANQUILIZERS OR SEDATIVES 46,394a 44,051 6,435 5,895 6,435 5,895
12-17 1,371 1,370 460 436 460 436
18 or Older 45,023a 42,682 5,975 5,459 5,975 5,459
18-25 4,234 3,995 1,658a 1,409 1,658a 1,409
26 or Older 40,789a 38,687 4,317 4,050 4,317 4,050
TRANQUILIZERS 37,610a 35,601 5,742 5,220 5,742 5,220
12-17 1,001 1,010 423 392 423 392
18 or Older 36,609a 34,591 5,319 4,829 5,319 4,829
18-25 3,681 3,419 1,566a 1,313 1,566a 1,313
26 or Older 32,928a 31,172 3,753 3,516 3,753 3,516
SEDATIVES 16,775 15,636 1,084 1,098 1,084 1,098
12-17 502 545 63 82 63 82
18 or Older 16,274a 15,091 1,021 1,016 1,021 1,016
18-25 1,049 1,051 194 175 194 175
26 or Older 15,225a 14,040 827 841 827 841
BENZODIAZEPINES 30,755 29,408 5,438a 4,841 5,438 4,841
12-17 769 749 399 381 399 381
18 or Older 29,987 28,659 5,039 4,460 5,039 4,460
18-25 3,230 2,983 1,526a 1,266 1,526a 1,266
26 or Older 26,757 25,676 3,513 3,194 3,513 3,194
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.21B – Any Use and Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics in Past Year among Past Year Any Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Prescription Drug/Age Group Any Use
in Past Year
(2018)
Any Use
in Past Year
(2019)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Total Population
(2018)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Total Population
(2019)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Past Year
Any Users
(2018)
Misuse
in Past Year
among
Past Year
Any Users
(2019)
PSYCHOTHERAPEUTICS 40.6a 39.3 6.2 5.9 15.2 15.1
12-17 23.2 22.5 4.8 4.3 20.7 18.9
18 or Older 42.4a 40.9 6.3 6.1 14.9 14.9
18-25 37.8a 36.1 12.3 11.5 32.7 31.7
26 or Older 43.1a 41.7 5.3 5.3 12.4 12.6
PAIN RELIEVERS 31.6a 30.0 3.6 3.5 11.5 11.8
12-17 16.6 16.0 2.8a 2.3 16.8a 14.2
18 or Older 33.1a 31.4 3.7 3.7 11.2 11.7
18-25 26.2a 24.8 5.5 5.2 20.8 21.0
26 or Older 34.2a 32.4 3.4 3.4 10.1 10.5
STIMULANTS 6.6 6.6 1.9 1.8 28.4 26.9
12-17 7.0 7.4 1.5 1.7 21.1 23.4
18 or Older 6.5 6.6 1.9 1.8 29.2 27.3
18-25 13.1 12.8 6.5 5.8 49.5a 45.2
26 or Older 5.5 5.6 1.2 1.2 21.4 21.0
TRANQUILIZERS OR SEDATIVES 16.9a 16.0 2.4 2.1 13.9 13.4
12-17 5.5 5.5 1.8 1.8 33.6 31.8
18 or Older 18.1a 17.1 2.4 2.2 13.3 12.8
18-25 12.4 11.8 4.9a 4.2 39.1a 35.3
26 or Older 19.0a 17.9 2.0 1.9 10.6 10.5
TRANQUILIZERS 13.7a 12.9 2.1 1.9 15.3 14.7
12-17 4.0 4.1 1.7 1.6 42.2 38.8
18 or Older 14.7a 13.8 2.1 1.9 14.5 14.0
18-25 10.8 10.1 4.6a 3.9 42.5 38.4
26 or Older 15.3a 14.4 1.7 1.6 11.4 11.3
SEDATIVES 6.1a 5.7 0.4 0.4 6.5 7.0
12-17 2.0 2.2 0.3 0.3 12.6 15.1
18 or Older 6.5a 6.0 0.4 0.4 6.3 6.7
18-25 3.1 3.1 0.6 0.5 18.5 16.6
26 or Older 7.1a 6.5 0.4 0.4 5.4 6.0
BENZODIAZEPINES 11.2 10.7 2.0a 1.8 17.7 16.5
12-17 3.1 3.0 1.6 1.5 52.0 50.9
18 or Older 12.0 11.4 2.0a 1.8 16.8 15.6
18-25 9.5 8.8 4.5a 3.8 47.2a 42.4
26 or Older 12.5 11.9 1.6 1.5 13.1 12.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.22A – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 134,791a 138,027 5,952 6,090 128,840a 131,937 18,922 18,832 109,917a 113,104
GENDER                    
Male 71,160 72,406 3,017 3,015 68,143 69,390 9,607 9,451 58,536 59,939
Female 63,631a 65,621 2,935 3,075 60,696a 62,546 9,316 9,381 51,381a 53,165
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 117,189 118,981 4,419 4,505 112,770 114,476 14,958 14,881 97,812 99,595
White 93,097a 94,912 3,035 3,122 90,063 91,790 10,886 10,891 79,176 80,899
Black or African American 15,132 15,581 883 856 14,249 14,725 2,515 2,449 11,734 12,276
AIAN 1,012 871 45 65 967 806 124 139 843 667
NHOPI 496 481 * * 464 449 * * * 386
Asian 4,307 3,805 198 169 4,109 3,636 835 737 3,274 2,899
Two or More Races 3,145 3,331 226 261 2,918 3,070 516 601 2,402 2,469
Hispanic or Latino 17,603a 19,046 1,533 1,585 16,070a 17,461 3,965 3,952 12,105a 13,509
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 11,604 12,295 2,240 2,341 9,363 9,953
High School Graduate da da da da 29,350 29,913 5,516 5,528 23,834 24,384
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 44,613 45,346 7,961 7,868 36,652 37,478
College Graduate da da da da 43,273 44,383 3,205 3,094 40,068 41,289
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 72,032 72,662 8,783 9,025 63,249 63,637
Part-Time da da da da 17,548 18,201 4,783 4,539 12,765 13,663
Unemployed da da da da 5,775 5,717 1,808 1,750 3,967 3,967
Other1 da da da da 33,485 35,357 3,548 3,519 29,937 31,838
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.22B – Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 49.2a 50.2 23.9 24.5 51.8a 52.7 55.6 55.8 51.2a 52.2
GENDER                    
Male 53.6 54.2 23.8 23.8 56.7 57.4 56.2 55.9 56.8 57.7
Female 45.1a 46.3 24.0 25.2 47.2 48.3 54.9 55.7 46.0 47.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 51.6 52.2 23.5 24.1 54.1 54.8 56.6 57.1 53.8 54.4
White 54.5a 55.6 23.4 24.3 57.1 58.2 59.6 60.4 56.8 57.9
Black or African American 45.9 46.9 26.2 25.5 48.2 49.3 53.1 52.8 47.2 48.6
AIAN 60.8 55.7 28.4 37.5 64.2 58.0 56.0 64.0 65.6 56.8
NHOPI 47.7 44.0 * * 49.2 45.5 * * * 46.4
Asian 27.6a 24.0 13.7 12.9 29.0a 24.9 36.8 35.3 27.5 23.2
Two or More Races 61.4 62.6 28.7 27.9 67.4 70.0 68.7 64.0 67.1 71.6
Hispanic or Latino 37.7a 40.1 25.2 25.6 39.6a 42.3 52.0 51.6 36.8a 40.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 37.5a 40.8 47.7 50.0 35.7a 39.1
High School Graduate da da da da 47.7 49.2 53.1 52.1 46.6 48.6
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 57.8 58.9 58.9 58.3 57.6 59.0
College Graduate da da da da 54.6 53.9 59.1 62.7 54.3 53.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 58.2 58.5 60.4a 62.9 58.0 57.9
Part-Time da da da da 54.4 55.8 55.1 54.4 54.2 56.3
Unemployed da da da da 57.8 57.6 58.4a 53.1 57.5 59.8
Other1 da da da da 40.4a 42.3 46.0 45.4 39.8a 42.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime includes the misuse of prescription psychotherapeutics even though those estimates are not reported due to potential underreporting in lifetime prescription psychotherapeutics estimates.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.23A – Illicit Drug Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 53,182a 57,203 4,151 4,279 49,031a 52,924 13,168 13,193 35,863a 39,731
GENDER                    
Male 29,248a 31,742 2,035 2,103 27,213a 29,639 6,903 6,823 20,311a 22,817
Female 23,933a 25,461 2,116 2,176 21,818a 23,285 6,266 6,371 15,552a 16,914
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 45,186a 48,158 3,090 3,098 42,096a 45,059 10,490 10,475 31,606a 34,584
White 34,530a 37,036 2,152 2,180 32,378a 34,856 7,538 7,562 24,840a 27,294
Black or African American 6,868 7,277 602 582 6,266 6,696 1,845 1,822 4,421 4,874
AIAN 474 393 29 49 446 344 87 88 358 256
NHOPI 220 173 * * 203 154 * * 135 103
Asian 1,752 1,581 124 77 1,628 1,504 558 523 1,070 981
Two or More Races 1,343a 1,697 167 192 1,175a 1,505 394 430 782a 1,076
Hispanic or Latino 7,996a 9,045 1,061 1,180 6,935a 7,865 2,678 2,718 4,257a 5,147
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 5,230a 5,878 1,610 1,715 3,620 4,162
High School Graduate da da da da 11,727 12,518 3,773 3,906 7,954 8,612
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 18,104 19,068 5,629 5,578 12,475 13,490
College Graduate da da da da 13,970a 15,460 2,156 1,994 11,814a 13,466
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 26,305a 28,663 5,852 6,028 20,453a 22,635
Part-Time da da da da 7,769 7,875 3,528 3,330 4,241 4,545
Unemployed da da da da 3,462 3,342 1,375 1,328 2,087 2,014
Other1 da da da da 11,495a 13,044 2,413 2,507 9,082a 10,537
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.23B – Illicit Drug Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 19.4a 20.8 16.7 17.2 19.7a 21.1 38.7 39.1 16.7a 18.3
GENDER                    
Male 22.0a 23.8 16.1 16.6 22.7a 24.5 40.4 40.4 19.7a 21.9
Female 17.0a 18.0 17.3 17.8 16.9a 18.0 37.0 37.9 13.9a 15.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 19.9a 21.1 16.4 16.6 20.2a 21.6 39.7 40.2 17.4a 18.9
White 20.2a 21.7 16.6 17.0 20.5a 22.1 41.2 41.9 17.8a 19.5
Black or African American 20.8 21.9 17.9 17.3 21.2 22.4 39.0 39.3 17.8 19.3
AIAN 28.5 25.1 18.1 28.2 29.6 24.7 39.5 40.5 27.9 21.8
NHOPI 21.2 15.8 * * 21.6 15.6 * * 17.4 12.4
Asian 11.2 10.0 8.6 5.9 11.5 10.3 24.6 25.0 9.0 7.9
Two or More Races 26.2a 31.9 21.2 20.5 27.1a 34.3 52.3 45.8 21.8a 31.2
Hispanic or Latino 17.1a 19.1 17.4 19.0 17.1a 19.1 35.1 35.5 12.9a 15.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 16.9a 19.5 34.2 36.6 13.8a 16.3
High School Graduate da da da da 19.1a 20.6 36.3 36.8 15.5a 17.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 23.5a 24.7 41.7 41.3 19.6a 21.2
College Graduate da da da da 17.6 18.8 39.7 40.4 16.0 17.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 21.3a 23.1 40.2 42.0 18.7a 20.6
Part-Time da da da da 24.1 24.2 40.6 39.9 18.0 18.7
Unemployed da da da da 34.6 33.7 44.4 40.3 30.2 30.3
Other1 da da da da 13.9a 15.6 31.3 32.3 12.1a 13.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.24A – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 31,918a 35,803 2,000 2,167 29,917a 33,636 8,130 8,406 21,788a 25,231
GENDER                    
Male 18,542a 20,669 1,023 1,124 17,519a 19,545 4,427 4,474 13,092a 15,071
Female 13,376a 15,135 978 1,043 12,398a 14,091 3,702 3,932 8,696a 10,160
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 27,383a 30,528 1,510 1,540 25,873a 28,988 6,561 6,726 19,312a 22,262
White 20,532a 23,228 1,066 1,086 19,466a 22,142 4,647 4,766 14,819a 17,376
Black or African American 4,514 4,866 287 287 4,227 4,579 1,248 1,280 2,979 3,299
AIAN 290 227 19 22 271 205 45 50 226 155
NHOPI 98 122 * * 90 109 * * 58 86
Asian 1,047 888 57 29 990 859 309 304 681 555
Two or More Races 902a 1,197 74 103 828a 1,094 280 303 548a 791
Hispanic or Latino 4,535a 5,275 490a 627 4,045a 4,648 1,569 1,680 2,476 2,969
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 3,676 3,818 1,062 1,151 2,613 2,667
High School Graduate da da da da 7,713 8,429 2,462 2,519 5,251a 5,909
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 11,053a 12,505 3,464 3,589 7,589a 8,916
College Graduate da da da da 7,476a 8,884 1,141 1,146 6,335a 7,739
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 15,611a 17,793 3,579 3,897 12,032a 13,896
Part-Time da da da da 4,775 4,883 2,177 2,044 2,598 2,839
Unemployed da da da da 2,305 2,455 904 913 1,401 1,542
Other1 da da da da 7,227a 8,505 1,470 1,551 5,757a 6,954
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.24B – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 11.7a 13.0 8.0 8.7 12.0a 13.4 23.9 24.9 10.1a 11.6
GENDER                    
Male 14.0a 15.5 8.1 8.9 14.6a 16.2 25.9 26.5 12.7a 14.5
Female 9.5a 10.7 8.0 8.5 9.6a 10.9 21.8 23.4 7.8a 9.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.1a 13.4 8.0 8.2 12.4a 13.9 24.8 25.8 10.6a 12.2
White 12.0a 13.6 8.2 8.5 12.3a 14.0 25.4 26.4 10.6a 12.4
Black or African American 13.7 14.6 8.5 8.5 14.3 15.3 26.4 27.6 12.0 13.1
AIAN 17.4 14.5 11.9 12.8 18.0 14.8 20.4 23.0 17.6 13.2
NHOPI 9.4 11.1 * * 9.5 11.0 * * 7.4 10.3
Asian 6.7 5.6 4.0 2.2 7.0 5.9 13.6 14.5 5.7 4.4
Two or More Races 17.6a 22.5 9.4 11.0 19.1a 24.9 37.3 32.2 15.3a 23.0
Hispanic or Latino 9.7a 11.1 8.1a 10.1 10.0 11.3 20.6 21.9 7.5 8.8
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 11.9 12.7 22.6 24.6 10.0 10.5
High School Graduate da da da da 12.5a 13.9 23.7 23.7 10.3a 11.8
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 14.3a 16.2 25.6 26.6 11.9a 14.0
College Graduate da da da da 9.4a 10.8 21.0 23.2 8.6a 10.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 12.6a 14.3 24.6a 27.2 11.0a 12.6
Part-Time da da da da 14.8 15.0 25.1 24.5 11.0 11.7
Unemployed da da da da 23.1 24.7 29.2 27.7 20.3 23.2
Other1 da da da da 8.7a 10.2 19.1 20.0 7.7a 9.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.25A – Marijuana Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 123,935a 127,139 3,823 3,947 120,112a 123,192 17,512 17,450 102,600a 105,742
GENDER                    
Male 65,923 67,085 1,931 1,985 63,992 65,099 8,909 8,753 55,082 56,346
Female 58,013a 60,054 1,892 1,961 56,121a 58,093 8,603 8,697 47,518a 49,396
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 108,552a 110,720 2,821 2,810 105,731a 107,910 13,851 13,835 91,880a 94,075
White 86,552a 88,899 1,958 1,987 84,594 86,912 10,154 10,194 74,439 76,717
Black or African American 13,984 14,305 578 516 13,406 13,788 2,322 2,253 11,084 11,535
AIAN 929 770 27 44 902 726 114 126 788 600
NHOPI 434 444 * * 424 422 * * * 366
Asian 3,721 3,211 84 73 3,637 3,138 687 648 2,950 2,490
Two or More Races 2,932 3,091 163 168 2,769 2,924 498 557 2,271 2,367
Hispanic or Latino 15,384a 16,419 1,003 1,137 14,381 15,282 3,661 3,615 10,719a 11,666
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 10,420 10,805 2,047 2,112 8,373 8,693
High School Graduate da da da da 27,504 28,233 5,092 5,135 22,412 23,099
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 41,717 42,869 7,391 7,306 34,326 35,563
College Graduate da da da da 40,471 41,285 2,982 2,897 37,489 38,388
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 68,104 68,319 8,290 8,501 59,814 59,818
Part-Time da da da da 16,124 16,984 4,408 4,122 11,716a 12,862
Unemployed da da da da 5,352 5,444 1,654 1,645 3,698 3,799
Other1 da da da da 30,532 32,444 3,160 3,182 27,372 29,262
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.25B – Marijuana Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 45.3a 46.2 15.4 15.8 48.3a 49.2 51.5 51.7 47.8a 48.8
GENDER                    
Male 49.6 50.2 15.2 15.7 53.3 53.9 52.2 51.8 53.4 54.2
Female 41.2a 42.4 15.5 16.0 43.6a 44.9 50.7 51.7 42.5 43.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 47.8 48.6 15.0 15.0 50.8 51.6 52.4 53.1 50.5 51.4
White 50.7a 52.1 15.1 15.5 53.6a 55.1 55.6 56.5 53.4a 54.9
Black or African American 42.4 43.0 17.2 15.4 45.3 46.1 49.1 48.6 44.6 45.7
AIAN 55.8 49.2 17.2 25.3 59.9 52.2 51.7 57.9 61.3 51.1
NHOPI 41.7 40.7 * * 44.9 42.7 * * * 44.1
Asian 23.8a 20.2 5.8 5.5 25.6a 21.5 30.3 31.0 24.8a 19.9
Two or More Races 57.3 58.1 20.7 18.0 63.9 66.7 66.3 59.3 63.5 68.7
Hispanic or Latino 33.0 34.6 16.5 18.3 35.5 37.0 48.0 47.2 32.6 34.7
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 33.7 35.8 43.6 45.1 31.9 34.1
High School Graduate da da da da 44.7 46.5 49.0 48.4 43.8a 46.1
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 54.1a 55.6 54.7 54.1 54.0a 56.0
College Graduate da da da da 51.1 50.1 54.9 58.7 50.8 49.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 55.1 55.0 57.0a 59.3 54.8 54.5
Part-Time da da da da 50.0 52.1 50.7 49.4 49.8a 53.0
Unemployed da da da da 53.5 54.8 53.4 50.0 53.6 57.2
Other1 da da da da 36.8a 38.8 41.0 41.0 36.4a 38.6
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.26A – Marijuana Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 43,486a 48,242 3,110 3,284 40,377a 44,958 11,829 11,952 28,548a 33,007
GENDER                    
Male 24,542a 27,222 1,540 1,649 23,002a 25,573 6,301 6,173 16,701a 19,400
Female 18,944a 21,020 1,569 1,635 17,375a 19,386 5,528 5,779 11,847a 13,607
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 37,167a 41,018 2,344 2,343 34,824a 38,676 9,460 9,548 25,364a 29,128
White 28,146a 31,448 1,638 1,671 26,508a 29,778 6,777 6,870 19,731a 22,908
Black or African American 5,859 6,406 472 426 5,387 5,979 1,697 1,714 3,690 4,265
AIAN 384 314 22 31 362 283 81 72 281 211
NHOPI 184 162 * * 176 144 * * 115 101
Asian 1,395 1,207 76 52 1,319 1,155 474 453 845 702
Two or More Races 1,200a 1,481 128 144 1,072a 1,336 369 395 702a 941
Hispanic or Latino 6,319a 7,223 766a 941 5,553a 6,283 2,369 2,404 3,184a 3,879
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4,163a 4,723 1,436 1,535 2,727 3,188
High School Graduate da da da da 9,803a 10,638 3,389 3,530 6,414 7,109
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 14,964a 16,585 5,125 5,079 9,839a 11,506
College Graduate da da da da 11,448a 13,013 1,878 1,809 9,569a 11,204
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 21,848a 24,661 5,266 5,520 16,582a 19,141
Part-Time da da da da 6,636 6,832 3,194 2,982 3,441 3,850
Unemployed da da da da 2,971 2,913 1,248 1,223 1,723 1,690
Other1 da da da da 8,922a 10,552 2,120 2,226 6,802a 8,326
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.26B – Marijuana Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 15.9a 17.5 12.5 13.2 16.2a 18.0 34.8 35.4 13.3a 15.2
GENDER                    
Male 18.5a 20.4 12.1 13.0 19.1a 21.2 36.9 36.5 16.2a 18.7
Female 13.4a 14.8 12.8 13.4 13.5a 15.0 32.6 34.3 10.6a 12.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.4a 18.0 12.5 12.5 16.7a 18.5 35.8 36.6 13.9a 15.9
White 16.5a 18.4 12.6 13.0 16.8a 18.9 37.1 38.1 14.1a 16.4
Black or African American 17.8 19.3 14.0 12.7 18.2 20.0 35.9 37.0 14.8 16.9
AIAN 23.0 20.1 13.6 17.9 24.0 20.4 36.6 33.2 21.9 18.0
NHOPI 17.7 14.8 * * 18.6 14.6 * * 14.8 12.2
Asian 8.9 7.6 5.3 4.0 9.3 7.9 20.9 21.7 7.1 5.6
Two or More Races 23.4 27.8 16.2 15.4 24.8a 30.5 49.1 42.1 19.6a 27.3
Hispanic or Latino 13.6a 15.2 12.6a 15.2 13.7 15.2 31.1 31.4 9.7a 11.5
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 13.5a 15.7 30.5 32.8 10.4a 12.5
High School Graduate da da da da 15.9a 17.5 32.6 33.3 12.5a 14.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 19.4a 21.5 37.9 37.6 15.5a 18.1
College Graduate da da da da 14.4a 15.8 34.6 36.6 13.0a 14.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 17.7a 19.9 36.2a 38.5 15.2a 17.4
Part-Time da da da da 20.6 21.0 36.8 35.7 14.6 15.9
Unemployed da da da da 29.7 29.3 40.3 37.2 25.0 25.5
Other1 da da da da 10.8a 12.6 27.5 28.7 9.0a 11.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.27A – Marijuana Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 27,667a 31,606 1,658 1,837 26,009a 29,769 7,528 7,749 18,481a 22,020
GENDER                    
Male 16,338a 18,614 879 981 15,459a 17,632 4,138 4,171 11,322a 13,461
Female 11,328a 12,993 779 856 10,550a 12,137 3,390 3,578 7,160a 8,559
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 23,681a 27,085 1,265 1,307 22,416a 25,778 6,059 6,234 16,357a 19,544
White 17,608a 20,464 887 934 16,721a 19,531 4,251 4,397 12,469a 15,133
Black or African American 4,028a 4,565 254 238 3,774 4,327 1,201 1,248 2,574a 3,078
AIAN 243 188 15 19 228 169 44 45 184 124
NHOPI 80 116 * * 77 104 * * 50 86
Asian 870 703 42 26 828 676 264 259 563 417
Two or More Races 852 1,049 64 77 788 972 271 266 517 706
Hispanic or Latino 3,986a 4,521 393a 531 3,593 3,991 1,469 1,515 2,124 2,475
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 3,145 3,368 1,009 1,052 2,137 2,316
High School Graduate da da da da 6,892 7,573 2,314 2,376 4,578a 5,197
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 9,635a 11,239 3,197 3,315 6,438a 7,924
College Graduate da da da da 6,337a 7,590 1,008 1,007 5,329a 6,583
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 13,718a 15,908 3,335 3,614 10,383a 12,293
Part-Time da da da da 4,304 4,429 2,026 1,894 2,278 2,535
Unemployed da da da da 2,036 2,100 846 845 1,190 1,254
Other1 da da da da 5,951a 7,332 1,320 1,395 4,630a 5,938
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.27B – Marijuana Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 10.1a 11.5 6.7 7.4 10.5a 11.9 22.1 23.0 8.6a 10.2
GENDER                    
Male 12.3a 13.9 6.9 7.7 12.9a 14.6 24.2 24.7 11.0a 12.9
Female 8.0a 9.2 6.4 7.0 8.2a 9.4 20.0 21.3 6.4a 7.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 10.4a 11.9 6.7 7.0 10.8a 12.3 22.9 23.9 9.0a 10.7
White 10.3a 12.0 6.8 7.3 10.6a 12.4 23.3 24.4 8.9a 10.8
Black or African American 12.2a 13.7 7.5 7.1 12.8a 14.5 25.4 26.9 10.4a 12.2
AIAN 14.6 12.0 9.4 11.1 15.1 12.1 19.8 20.8 14.3 10.5
NHOPI 7.7 10.6 * * 8.2 10.5 * * 6.4 10.3
Asian 5.6 4.4 2.9 2.0 5.8 4.6 11.6 12.4 4.7 3.3
Two or More Races 16.6 19.7 8.1 8.3 18.2 22.2 36.0a 28.3 14.5a 20.5
Hispanic or Latino 8.5 9.5 6.5a 8.6 8.9 9.7 19.3 19.8 6.5 7.4
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 10.2 11.2 21.5 22.5 8.2 9.1
High School Graduate da da da da 11.2a 12.5 22.3 22.4 8.9a 10.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 12.5a 14.6 23.7 24.6 10.1a 12.5
College Graduate da da da da 8.0a 9.2 18.6 20.4 7.2a 8.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 11.1a 12.8 22.9a 25.2 9.5a 11.2
Part-Time da da da da 13.4 13.6 23.3 22.7 9.7 10.5
Unemployed da da da da 20.4 21.1 27.3 25.7 17.2 18.9
Other1 da da da da 7.2a 8.8 17.1 18.0 6.2a 7.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.28A – Cocaine Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 40,194 41,445 173 154 40,021 41,291 3,872 3,809 36,150 37,483
GENDER                    
Male 24,043 24,493 77 73 23,966 24,419 2,200 2,073 21,766 22,346
Female 16,151 16,952 96 80 16,055 16,872 1,672 1,736 14,384 15,136
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 35,013 36,131 112 109 34,902 36,022 3,080 3,018 31,822 33,004
White 30,053 31,300 95 86 29,958 31,214 2,642 2,587 27,315 28,627
Black or African American 2,789 2,829 11 10 2,778 2,820 148 133 2,630 2,687
AIAN 273 218 0 * 273 217 24 25 249 192
NHOPI 146 111 * * * 111 * * * 100
Asian 844 598 * 6 844 592 109 118 735 474
Two or More Races 908 1,075 5 7 903 1,068 126 144 777 924
Hispanic or Latino 5,181 5,313 61 44 5,120 5,269 792 790 4,328 4,479
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4,108 3,885 419 391 3,689 3,494
High School Graduate da da da da 9,671 9,961 996 1,031 8,675 8,930
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 13,959 14,752 1,674 1,597 12,285 13,156
College Graduate da da da da 12,284 12,693 783 790 11,501 11,903
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 23,134 22,774 2,026 2,082 21,107 20,693
Part-Time da da da da 4,942 5,373 849 805 4,094 4,568
Unemployed da da da da 1,954 1,982 337 355 1,616 1,627
Other1 da da da da 9,992a 11,162 659 567 9,333a 10,595
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.28B – Cocaine Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 14.7 15.1 0.7 0.6 16.1 16.5 11.4 11.3 16.8 17.3
GENDER                    
Male 18.1 18.3 0.6 0.6 19.9 20.2 12.9 12.3 21.1 21.5
Female 11.5 12.0 0.8 0.7 12.5 13.0 9.9 10.3 12.9 13.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.4 15.9 0.6 0.6 16.8 17.2 11.7 11.6 17.5 18.0
White 17.6 18.3 0.7 0.7 19.0 19.8 14.5 14.3 19.6 20.5
Black or African American 8.5 8.5 0.3 0.3 9.4 9.4 3.1 2.9 10.6 10.6
AIAN 16.4 14.0 0.1 * 18.1 15.6 10.8 11.4 19.4 16.4
NHOPI 14.0 10.2 * * * 11.2 * * * 12.0
Asian 5.4 3.8 * 0.4 5.9 4.1 4.8 5.7 6.2a 3.8
Two or More Races 17.7 20.2 0.7 0.7 20.9 24.4 16.8 15.4 21.7 26.8
Hispanic or Latino 11.1 11.2 1.0 0.7 12.6 12.8 10.4 10.3 13.1 13.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 13.3 12.9 8.9 8.4 14.1 13.7
High School Graduate da da da da 15.7 16.4 9.6 9.7 17.0 17.8
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 18.1 19.1 12.4 11.8 19.3 20.7
College Graduate da da da da 15.5 15.4 14.4 16.0 15.6 15.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 18.7 18.3 13.9 14.5 19.3 18.8
Part-Time da da da da 15.3 16.5 9.8 9.6 17.4 18.8
Unemployed da da da da 19.5 20.0 10.9 10.8 23.4 24.5
Other1 da da da da 12.0a 13.4 8.6 7.3 12.4a 14.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.29A – Cocaine Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5,529 5,468 112 97 5,418 5,371 1,967 1,789 3,451 3,582
GENDER                    
Male 3,482 3,382 57 46 3,426 3,336 1,168 1,014 2,257 2,322
Female 2,047 2,086 55 51 1,992 2,035 799 774 1,193 1,260
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,639 4,498 75 66 4,564 4,432 1,579a 1,380 2,985 3,051
White 3,630 3,587 67 48 3,563 3,539 1,342 1,179 2,220 2,359
Black or African American 577 521 5 7 571 514 94 59 478 455
AIAN 31 22 * * 31 22 12 6 19 15
NHOPI 17 31 * * 17 31 * * 11 27
Asian 226 174 * 6 226 168 56 62 171 106
Two or More Races 158 163 2 6 156 158 69 69 87 88
Hispanic or Latino 891 970 37 30 854 939 388 408 466 531
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 555 551 190a 125 365 426
High School Graduate da da da da 1,099 1,362 443 447 656 915
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2,017 2,037 906 840 1,110 1,197
College Graduate da da da da 1,747 1,421 428 376 1,319 1,045
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 3,135 2,963 1,001 942 2,135 2,021
Part-Time da da da da 879 768 471 406 408 363
Unemployed da da da da 493 391 178 160 315 232
Other1 da da da da 910a 1,249 316 282 594a 967
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.29B – Cocaine Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2.0 2.0 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.1 5.8 5.3 1.6 1.7
GENDER                    
Male 2.6 2.5 0.4 0.4 2.9 2.8 6.8 6.0 2.2 2.2
Female 1.5 1.5 0.5 0.4 1.5 1.6 4.7 4.6 1.1 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.0 2.0 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.1 6.0 5.3 1.6 1.7
White 2.1 2.1 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.2 7.3 6.5 1.6 1.7
Black or African American 1.8 1.6 0.2 0.2 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.9 1.8
AIAN 1.9 1.4 * * 2.1 1.6 5.6 3.0 1.5 1.3
NHOPI 1.6 2.8 * * 1.8 3.1 * * 1.4 3.2
Asian 1.4 1.1 * 0.4 1.6 1.2 2.5 3.0 1.4 0.9
Two or More Races 3.1 3.1 0.2 0.6 3.6 3.6 9.1 7.4 2.4 2.6
Hispanic or Latino 1.9 2.0 0.6 0.5 2.1 2.3 5.1 5.3 1.4 1.6
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.8 1.8 4.0a 2.7 1.4 1.7
High School Graduate da da da da 1.8 2.2 4.3 4.2 1.3a 1.8
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.6 2.6 6.7 6.2 1.7 1.9
College Graduate da da da da 2.2a 1.7 7.9 7.6 1.8a 1.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.5 2.4 6.9 6.6 2.0 1.8
Part-Time da da da da 2.7 2.4 5.4 4.9 1.7 1.5
Unemployed da da da da 4.9 3.9 5.8 4.8 4.6 3.5
Other1 da da da da 1.1a 1.5 4.1 3.6 0.8a 1.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.30A – Cocaine Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,949 1,998 12 34 1,938 1,965 524 540 1,414 1,425
GENDER                    
Male 1,320 1,221 2a 17 1,318 1,204 322 297 996 906
Female 630 777 10 16 620 761 202 242 418 519
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,634 1,655 8 20 1,625 1,635 422 416 1,204 1,219
White 1,129 1,245 7 14 1,122 1,231 346 352 776 879
Black or African American 338 292 * 3 338 289 35 21 303 268
AIAN 8 6 * * 8 6 0 0 8 5
NHOPI 6 2 * * 6 2 * * 2 2
Asian 81 73 * 3 81 70 21 21 60 49
Two or More Races 71 38 1 * 70 38 15 23 54 15
Hispanic or Latino 316 343 3 14 312 329 102 123 210 206
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 217 201 54 34 163 167
High School Graduate da da da da 360a 611 101 140 259a 470
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 702 668 251 274 450 394
College Graduate da da da da 658 485 117 91 541 394
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,058 995 288 285 771 710
Part-Time da da da da 322 319 113 137 209 182
Unemployed da da da da 198 154 40 33 158 121
Other1 da da da da 359 497 83 85 277 412
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.30B – Cocaine Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.6 0.7 0.7
GENDER                    
Male 1.0 0.9 0.0a 0.1 1.1 1.0 1.9 1.8 1.0 0.9
Female 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.4 0.4 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.6 0.7 0.7
White 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.8 1.9 2.0 0.6 0.6
Black or African American 1.0 0.9 * 0.1 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.4 1.2 1.1
AIAN 0.5 0.4 * * 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.4
NHOPI 0.6 0.2 * * 0.6 0.2 * * 0.2 0.3
Asian 0.5 0.5 * 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.4
Two or More Races 1.4 0.7 0.1 * 1.6 0.9 2.0 2.4 1.5 0.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.6 0.6 0.6
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.7
High School Graduate da da da da 0.6a 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.5a 0.9
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.9 0.9 1.9 2.0 0.7 0.6
College Graduate da da da da 0.8 0.6 2.2 1.8 0.7 0.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.9 0.8 2.0 2.0 0.7 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.6 0.9 0.8
Unemployed da da da da 2.0 1.5 1.3 1.0 2.3 1.8
Other1 da da da da 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.31A – Crack Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 9,177 9,375 15 20 9,163 9,355 340 339 8,823 9,016
GENDER                    
Male 5,922 6,009 8 12 5,914 5,997 173 181 5,740 5,817
Female 3,256 3,365 7 8 3,249 3,358 166 158 3,083 3,200
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,089 8,440 12 18 8,077 8,422 287 272 7,790 8,150
White 6,443 6,521 7 18 6,436 6,503 240 237 6,196 6,266
Black or African American 1,171 1,268 2 * 1,169 1,268 16a 2 1,153 1,266
AIAN 90 64 * * 90 64 * 6 83 59
NHOPI 21 39 * * 21 39 * * 17 38
Asian 108 99 * * 108 99 2 4 106 96
Two or More Races 257a 448 * * 254a 448 20 23 234a 426
Hispanic or Latino 1,088 935 3 2 1,085 933 52 66 1,033 867
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,555 1,428 81 77 1,474 1,351
High School Graduate da da da da 3,104 3,001 149 151 2,955 2,850
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 3,163 3,565 84 95 3,079 3,470
College Graduate da da da da 1,341 1,361 25 15 1,315 1,346
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 4,622 4,360 145 175 4,477 4,185
Part-Time da da da da 886 1,011 65 45 821 966
Unemployed da da da da 600 629 43 42 557 587
Other1 da da da da 3,055 3,355 87 77 2,968 3,278
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.31B – Crack Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 3.4 3.4 0.1 0.1 3.7 3.7 1.0 1.0 4.1 4.2
GENDER                    
Male 4.5 4.5 0.1 0.1 4.9 5.0 1.0 1.1 5.6 5.6
Female 2.3 2.4 0.1 0.1 2.5 2.6 1.0 0.9 2.8 2.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.6 3.7 0.1 0.1 3.9 4.0 1.1 1.0 4.3 4.5
White 3.8 3.8 0.1 0.1 4.1 4.1 1.3 1.3 4.4 4.5
Black or African American 3.6 3.8 0.1 * 4.0 4.2 0.3a 0.0 4.6 5.0
AIAN 5.4 4.1 * * 5.9 4.6 * 2.7 6.5 5.0
NHOPI 2.0 3.5 * * 2.2 3.9 * * 2.2 4.5
Asian 0.7 0.6 * * 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.8
Two or More Races 5.0a 8.4 * * 5.9a 10.2 2.7 2.4 6.5a 12.3
Hispanic or Latino 2.3 2.0 0.0 0.0 2.7 2.3 0.7 0.9 3.1 2.6
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 5.0 4.7 1.7 1.6 5.6 5.3
High School Graduate da da da da 5.0 4.9 1.4 1.4 5.8 5.7
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 4.1 4.6 0.6 0.7 4.8 5.5
College Graduate da da da da 1.7 1.7 0.5 0.3 1.8 1.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 3.7 3.5 1.0 1.2 4.1 3.8
Part-Time da da da da 2.7 3.1 0.8 0.5 3.5 4.0
Unemployed da da da da 6.0 6.3 1.4 1.3 8.1 8.8
Other1 da da da da 3.7 4.0 1.1 1.0 3.9 4.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.32A – Crack Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 757 778 4 11 753 766 87 61 666 706
GENDER                    
Male 443 499 3 7 440 491 54 38 385 453
Female 314 279 * 4 313 275 33 23 281 252
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 673 738 4 11 669 727 68 53 601 674
White 418 512 4 11 414 501 63 50 351 451
Black or African American 223 197 * * 223 197 5 2 219 195
AIAN 3 * * * 3 * * * 3 *
NHOPI 2 10 * * 2 10 * * 2 *
Asian 3 2 * * 3 2 * * 3 2
Two or More Races 23 17 * * 23 17 1 1 23 16
Hispanic or Latino 84 40 * 1 84 40 19 8 65 32
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 179 152 18 14 161 139
High School Graduate da da da da 222 316 45 34 177 282
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 201 274 24 11 177 262
College Graduate da da da da 151a 24 * 1 151a 23
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 254 208 34 27 220 181
Part-Time da da da da 124 54 30a 3 94 51
Unemployed da da da da 95 78 11 17 84 61
Other1 da da da da 280 427 11 14 269 413
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.32B – Crack Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
GENDER                    
Male 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
Female 0.2 0.2 * 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4
White 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Black or African American 0.7 0.6 * * 0.8 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.9 0.8
AIAN 0.2 * * * 0.2 * * * 0.3 *
NHOPI 0.2 0.9 * * 0.2 1.0 * * 0.2 *
Asian 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0
Two or More Races 0.5 0.3 * * 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.2 0.1 * 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5
High School Graduate da da da da 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4
College Graduate da da da da 0.2a 0.0 * 0.0 0.2a 0.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Part-Time da da da da 0.4 0.2 0.3a 0.0 0.4 0.2
Unemployed da da da da 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.9
Other1 da da da da 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.33A – Crack Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 436 378 * 5 436 372 28 18 408 355
GENDER                    
Male 270 244 * 5 270 239 16 6 254 233
Female 167 134 * * 167 134 12 12 155 122
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 371 364 * 5 371 359 19 14 352 344
White 165 245 * 5 165 240 19 11 146 229
Black or African American 184 111 * * 184 111 * 2 184 109
AIAN 1 * * * 1 * * * 1 *
NHOPI 2 * * * 2 * * * 2 *
Asian 3 * * * 3 * * * 3 1
Two or More Races 16 7 * * 16 7 * 1 16 6
Hispanic or Latino 65a 14 * * 65a 14 9 3 57 11
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 87 93 4 3 82 90
High School Graduate da da da da 128 143 18 14 110 129
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 125 120 6 * 120 120
College Graduate da da da da 96 17 * 1 96 16
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 118 82 5 5 113 77
Part-Time da da da da 81 32 15a 1 66 31
Unemployed da da da da 53 47 5 9 48 38
Other1 da da da da 184 211 3 3 181 208
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.33B – Crack Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.2 0.1 * 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
GENDER                    
Male 0.2 0.2 * 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Female 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2 0.2 * 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
White 0.1 0.1 * 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Black or African American 0.6 0.3 * * 0.6 0.4 * 0.0 0.7 0.4
AIAN 0.0 * * * 0.1 * * * 0.1 *
NHOPI 0.2 * * * 0.2 * * * 0.2 *
Asian 0.0 * * * 0.0 * * * 0.0 0.0
Two or More Races 0.3 0.1 * * 0.4 0.2 * 0.1 0.4 0.2
Hispanic or Latino 0.1a 0.0 * * 0.2a 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4
High School Graduate da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.0 * 0.2 0.2
College Graduate da da da da 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.1 0.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Part-Time da da da da 0.3 0.1 0.2a 0.0 0.3 0.1
Unemployed da da da da 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.6
Other1 da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.34A – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 43,255 44,087 565 615 42,690 43,472 5,597 5,597 37,093 37,876
GENDER                    
Male 25,934 26,051 344 342 25,591 25,710 3,160 3,239 22,431 22,471
Female 17,320 18,036 221 273 17,099 17,763 2,437 2,358 14,662 15,405
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 38,414 38,978 422 462 37,992 38,516 4,558 4,558 33,434 33,958
White 32,981 33,659 324 345 32,657 33,314 3,682 3,673 28,975 29,641
Black or African American 2,506 2,431 45 52 2,461 2,379 354 369 2,106 2,010
AIAN 307 366 7 24 299 342 40 54 260 287
NHOPI * 125 * * * 120 * * * 97
Asian 1,242 1,029 22 4 1,220 1,025 243 232 977 793
Two or More Races 1,177 1,367 22 31 1,155 1,337 203 207 952 1,130
Hispanic or Latino 4,840 5,110 143 153 4,697 4,957 1,038 1,039 3,659 3,917
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 3,425 3,458 623 587 2,802 2,871
High School Graduate da da da da 9,369 9,297 1,515 1,681 7,853 7,616
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 15,227 16,147 2,385 2,323 12,841 13,825
College Graduate da da da da 14,669 14,570 1,073 1,006 13,596 13,564
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 25,280 24,955 2,750 3,020 22,529 21,935
Part-Time da da da da 5,621 6,171 1,344 1,219 4,277 4,952
Unemployed da da da da 2,182 2,204 591 491 1,592 1,713
Other1 da da da da 9,607 10,142 912 866 8,695 9,276
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.34B – Hallucinogen Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 15.8 16.0 2.3 2.5 17.2 17.4 16.4 16.6 17.3 17.5
GENDER                    
Male 19.5 19.5 2.7 2.7 21.3 21.3 18.5 19.2 21.8 21.6
Female 12.3 12.7 1.8 2.2 13.3 13.7 14.4 14.0 13.1 13.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 16.9 17.1 2.2 2.5 18.2 18.4 17.3 17.5 18.4 18.6
White 19.3 19.7 2.5 2.7 20.7 21.1 20.1 20.4 20.8 21.2
Black or African American 7.6 7.3 1.4 1.6 8.3 8.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 8.0
AIAN 18.4 23.4 4.6a 13.8 19.9 24.6 18.0 25.0 20.2 24.5
NHOPI * 11.5 * * * 12.1 * * * 11.7
Asian 7.9 6.5 1.5 0.3 8.6 7.0 10.7 11.1 8.2 6.3
Two or More Races 23.0 25.7 2.8 3.3 26.7 30.5 27.0 22.0 26.6 32.8
Hispanic or Latino 10.4 10.8 2.3 2.5 11.6 12.0 13.6 13.6 11.1 11.7
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 11.1 11.5 13.3 12.5 10.7 11.3
High School Graduate da da da da 15.2 15.3 14.6 15.8 15.3 15.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 19.7 21.0 17.7 17.2 20.2a 21.8
College Graduate da da da da 18.5 17.7 19.8 20.4 18.4 17.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 20.4 20.1 18.9a 21.1 20.6 20.0
Part-Time da da da da 17.4 18.9 15.5 14.6 18.2 20.4
Unemployed da da da da 21.8 22.2 19.1a 14.9 23.1 25.8
Other1 da da da da 11.6 12.1 11.8 11.2 11.6 12.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.35A – Hallucinogen Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5,595 6,010 376 440 5,219 5,571 2,332 2,425 2,887 3,146
GENDER                    
Male 3,494 3,835 238 261 3,256 3,575 1,411 1,487 1,845 2,088
Female 2,101 2,175 138 179 1,963 1,996 921 938 1,043 1,058
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,748 5,004 280 324 4,469 4,680 1,979 2,015 2,490 2,665
White 3,757 3,963 236 257 3,520 3,706 1,564 1,616 1,957 2,090
Black or African American 474 459 14 31 460 429 161 159 299 269
AIAN 31 61 2 13 29 48 11 23 19 25
NHOPI 17 23 * * 15 22 * * * *
Asian 267 260 10 1 257 259 125 124 132 135
Two or More Races 203 238 15 22 188 217 104 90 83 127
Hispanic or Latino 847 1,006 97 116 750 891 353 410 397 480
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 381 442 228 225 153 217
High School Graduate da da da da 991 1,145 542a 700 449 445
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2,088 2,270 1,090 1,122 998 1,148
College Graduate da da da da 1,759 1,714 473 378 1,286 1,335
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2,968 2,986 1,039 1,100 1,929 1,886
Part-Time da da da da 1,008 1,165 642 619 366a 546
Unemployed da da da da 452 493 265 280 186 212
Other1 da da da da 791 927 386 426 406 501
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.35B – Hallucinogen Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2.0 2.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.2 6.9 7.2 1.3 1.5
GENDER                    
Male 2.6 2.9 1.9 2.1 2.7 3.0 8.3 8.8 1.8 2.0
Female 1.5 1.5 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.5 5.4 5.6 0.9 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.1 2.2 1.5 1.7 2.1 2.2 7.5 7.7 1.4 1.5
White 2.2 2.3 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3 8.6 9.0 1.4 1.5
Black or African American 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.9 1.6 1.4 3.4 3.4 1.2 1.1
AIAN 1.9 3.9 1.4a 7.4 1.9 3.4 4.8 10.4 1.5 2.1
NHOPI 1.6 2.1 * * 1.5 2.2 * * * *
Asian 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.1 1.8 1.8 5.5 5.9 1.1 1.1
Two or More Races 4.0 4.5 1.9 2.3 4.3 4.9 13.9 9.6 2.3 3.7
Hispanic or Latino 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.9 2.2 4.6 5.4 1.2 1.4
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.2 1.5 4.8 4.8 0.6 0.9
High School Graduate da da da da 1.6 1.9 5.2a 6.6 0.9 0.9
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.7 2.9 8.1 8.3 1.6 1.8
College Graduate da da da da 2.2 2.1 8.7 7.7 1.7 1.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.4 2.4 7.1 7.7 1.8 1.7
Part-Time da da da da 3.1 3.6 7.4 7.4 1.6a 2.3
Unemployed da da da da 4.5 5.0 8.6 8.5 2.7 3.2
Other1 da da da da 1.0 1.1 5.0 5.5 0.5 0.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.36A – Hallucinogen Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,630 1,915 139 152 1,491 1,763 580 625 911 1,138
GENDER                    
Male 1,122 1,226 89 89 1,032 1,137 360 368 672 769
Female 508a 689 50 63 458a 626 220 257 239 369
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,360a 1,655 101 105 1,259a 1,550 493 508 766a 1,042
White 969a 1,284 86 85 884a 1,199 413 390 471a 809
Black or African American 205 150 6 7 198 143 28 34 170 109
AIAN 6 29 0 * 6 25 0 6 5 19
NHOPI 1 0 * * 1 * * * * *
Asian 96 122 3 * 93 122 29 52 64 70
Two or More Races 83 68 5 8 78 60 22 26 56 34
Hispanic or Latino 270 260 39 47 232 213 87 117 145 96
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 128 169 40 71 87 99
High School Graduate da da da da 346 362 137 183 210 179
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 588 626 255 256 333 370
College Graduate da da da da 429 605 148 114 281a 491
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 786 886 278 259 508 627
Part-Time da da da da 239a 386 133 171 106a 214
Unemployed da da da da 164 147 53 79 111 68
Other1 da da da da 302 344 117 116 185 229
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.36B – Hallucinogen Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.7 1.9 0.4 0.5
GENDER                    
Male 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 2.1 2.2 0.7 0.7
Female 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4a 0.5 1.3 1.5 0.2 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6a 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6a 0.7 1.9 1.9 0.4a 0.6
White 0.6a 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6a 0.8 2.3 2.2 0.3a 0.6
Black or African American 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4
AIAN 0.4 1.9 0.1 * 0.4 1.8 0.2 2.9 0.4 1.6
NHOPI 0.1 0.0 * * 0.1 * * * * *
Asian 0.6 0.8 0.2 * 0.7 0.8 1.3 2.5 0.5 0.6
Two or More Races 1.6 1.3 0.7 0.9 1.8 1.4 2.9 2.8 1.6 1.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.5 0.4 0.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.5 0.3 0.4
High School Graduate da da da da 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.7 0.4 0.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.8 0.8 1.9 1.9 0.5 0.6
College Graduate da da da da 0.5 0.7 2.7 2.3 0.4a 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.6 0.7 1.9 1.8 0.5 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 0.7a 1.2 1.5 2.0 0.5a 0.9
Unemployed da da da da 1.6 1.5 1.7 2.4 1.6 1.0
Other1 da da da da 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.5 0.2 0.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.37A – Inhalant Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 24,783 25,090 2,125 2,202 22,658 22,889 3,053 3,099 19,605 19,790
GENDER                    
Male 15,682 15,563 1,078 1,112 14,604 14,451 1,759 1,728 12,845 12,723
Female 9,101 9,528 1,047 1,090 8,054 8,438 1,294 1,370 6,760 7,067
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 21,664 21,985 1,694 1,725 19,970 20,260 2,511 2,495 17,459 17,766
White 18,693 19,100 1,189 1,211 17,504 17,889 1,958 1,977 15,546 15,912
Black or African American 1,288 1,214 293 297 996 917 256 255 740 663
AIAN 189 137 9 21 180 116 17 22 163 94
NHOPI * 80 * * * 65 * * * 61
Asian 708 623 112 78 597 545 146 90 451 455
Two or More Races 695 830 77 102 618 728 111 148 508 580
Hispanic or Latino 3,119 3,105 431 477 2,688 2,628 542 604 2,146 2,024
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,904 1,946 372 383 1,532 1,563
High School Graduate da da da da 4,874 4,607 892 878 3,982 3,729
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 7,805 8,290 1,317 1,294 6,488 6,995
College Graduate da da da da 8,075 8,047 472 543 7,603 7,503
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 13,839 13,382 1,355 1,427 12,484 11,954
Part-Time da da da da 3,187 3,568 817 800 2,370 2,768
Unemployed da da da da 969 1,011 244 276 724 735
Other1 da da da da 4,663 4,928 637 596 4,026 4,333
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.37B – Inhalant Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.0 9.2 9.1 9.1
GENDER                    
Male 11.8 11.7 8.5 8.8 12.2 12.0 10.3 10.2 12.5 12.2
Female 6.5 6.7 8.6 8.9 6.3 6.5 7.6 8.1 6.0 6.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.5 9.7 9.0 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.6 9.6 9.7
White 10.9 11.2 9.2 9.4 11.1 11.3 10.7 11.0 11.1 11.4
Black or African American 3.9 3.7 8.7 8.8 3.4 3.1 5.4 5.5 3.0 2.6
AIAN 11.3 8.8 5.4 12.4 12.0 8.3 7.9 10.1 12.7 8.0
NHOPI * 7.3 * * * 6.6 * * * 7.4
Asian 4.5 3.9 7.8 6.0 4.2 3.7 6.4 4.3 3.8 3.6
Two or More Races 13.6 15.6 9.7 11.0 14.3 16.6 14.7 15.7 14.2 16.8
Hispanic or Latino 6.7 6.5 7.1 7.7 6.6 6.4 7.1 7.9 6.5 6.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 6.2 6.5 7.9 8.2 5.8 6.1
High School Graduate da da da da 7.9 7.6 8.6 8.3 7.8 7.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 10.1 10.8 9.7 9.6 10.2 11.0
College Graduate da da da da 10.2 9.8 8.7a 11.0 10.3 9.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 11.2 10.8 9.3 10.0 11.4 10.9
Part-Time da da da da 9.9 10.9 9.4 9.6 10.1 11.4
Unemployed da da da da 9.7 10.2 7.9 8.4 10.5 11.1
Other1 da da da da 5.6 5.9 8.3 7.7 5.4 5.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.38A – Inhalant Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2,003 2,142 662 743 1,341 1,399 495 577 846 822
GENDER                    
Male 1,260 1,358 322 345 938 1,014 343 338 595 675
Female 743 784 340 398 403 386 152a 239 251 147
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,686 1,725 510 561 1,176 1,164 405 452 771 713
White 1,322 1,253 371 418 951 835 332 355 619 480
Black or African American 175 203 79 76 95 126 24 46 71 80
AIAN 20 31 2 * 19 21 5 4 13 *
NHOPI 14 12 * * 11 11 * * * *
Asian 91 159 28 19 63 140 22 26 41 113
Two or More Races 64 68 27 36 37 32 14 17 23 15
Hispanic or Latino 317 417 152 182 165 235 90 125 75 110
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 152 153 64 69 88 84
High School Graduate da da da da 175a 302 100 147 75 155
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 492 447 223 263 269 184
College Graduate da da da da 522 497 109 97 414 399
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 811 787 247 214 564 572
Part-Time da da da da 191 267 112a 191 79 76
Unemployed da da da da 81 89 36 42 45 47
Other1 da da da da 259 257 101 130 158 127
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.38B – Inhalant Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.7 0.8 2.7 3.0 0.5 0.6 1.5 1.7 0.4 0.4
GENDER                    
Male 0.9 1.0 2.5 2.7 0.8 0.8 2.0 2.0 0.6 0.6
Female 0.5 0.6 2.8 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.9a 1.4 0.2 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.8 2.7 3.0 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.7 0.4 0.4
White 0.8 0.7 2.9 3.3 0.6 0.5 1.8 2.0 0.4 0.3
Black or African American 0.5 0.6 2.4 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.3 0.3
AIAN 1.2 2.0 1.1 * 1.2 1.5 2.4 1.9 1.0 *
NHOPI 1.3 1.1 * * 1.2 1.1 * * * *
Asian 0.6 1.0 2.0 1.5 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.3 0.3 0.9
Two or More Races 1.2 1.3 3.5 3.9 0.8 0.7 1.8 1.8 0.6 0.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.9 2.5 2.9 0.4 0.6 1.2 1.6 0.2 0.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.5 0.3 0.3
High School Graduate da da da da 0.3a 0.5 1.0 1.4 0.1 0.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.9 0.4 0.3
College Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.6 2.0 2.0 0.6 0.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.7 0.6 1.7 1.5 0.5 0.5
Part-Time da da da da 0.6 0.8 1.3a 2.3 0.3 0.3
Unemployed da da da da 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.7
Other1 da da da da 0.3 0.3 1.3 1.7 0.2 0.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.39A – Inhalant Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 612 807 184 216 428 591 128 157 300 434
GENDER                    
Male 410a 598 90 94 320a 504 82 90 238a 414
Female 202 209 94 122 108 87 46 68 62 19
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 528 633 148 156 380 477 107 113 272 364
White 386 457 110 115 276 341 76 87 200 255
Black or African American 66 64 22 17 45 47 10 17 34 30
AIAN 14 4 1 * 13 4 * 0 13 4
NHOPI 7 * * * 7 * * * * *
Asian 36 74 10 3 26 72 11 5 16 67
Two or More Races 19 26 6a 21 13 5 4 4 10 1
Hispanic or Latino 84a 174 36 60 48 114 20 44 27 70
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 67 80 15 25 52 55
High School Graduate da da da da 45a 113 29 34 17a 79
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 127 134 47 51 80 83
College Graduate da da da da 189 263 38 47 151 216
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 250 347 65 55 184 292
Part-Time da da da da 75 92 18a 58 57 34
Unemployed da da da da 17 28 13 6 5 22
Other1 da da da da 86 125 32 39 54 86
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.39B – Inhalant Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.2
GENDER                    
Male 0.3a 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3a 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2a 0.4
Female 0.1 0.1 0.8 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2
White 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.2
Black or African American 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1
AIAN 0.8 0.2 0.3 * 0.9 0.3 * 0.1 1.0 0.3
NHOPI 0.7 * * * 0.7 * * * * *
Asian 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5
Two or More Races 0.4 0.5 0.7 2.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.2a 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2
High School Graduate da da da da 0.1a 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0a 0.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1
College Graduate da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3
Part-Time da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.2a 0.7 0.2 0.1
Unemployed da da da da 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3
Other1 da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.40A – Methamphetamine Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 14,892 16,013 70 75 14,822 15,939 867 904 13,954 15,034
GENDER                    
Male 9,002 9,528 44 38 8,957 9,490 448 491 8,509 9,000
Female 5,890 6,485 26 37 5,864 6,448 419 414 5,445 6,035
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 13,054a 14,177 64 52 12,990a 14,126 726 730 12,264a 13,396
White 11,766a 12,828 52 42 11,714a 12,786 612 630 11,101a 12,155
Black or African American 365 476 8 5 357 471 34 41 323 429
AIAN 212a 118 0 * 212a 117 20 15 192a 102
NHOPI 46 69 * * 46 68 * * 36 65
Asian 230 193 2 2 228 191 29 11 199 179
Two or More Races 435 494 1 1 433 494 20 28 413 466
Hispanic or Latino 1,838 1,836 6 23 1,832 1,813 141 174 1,690 1,638
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,982 2,037 217 237 1,765 1,800
High School Graduate da da da da 4,568 4,609 319 343 4,249 4,265
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 5,572 6,118 280 264 5,292 5,854
College Graduate da da da da 2,700 3,175 52 60 2,648 3,116
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 8,083 7,983 379 428 7,705 7,555
Part-Time da da da da 1,651 1,926 168 132 1,483 1,794
Unemployed da da da da 736a 994 122 121 614a 873
Other1 da da da da 4,351a 5,036 199 223 4,152 4,812
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.40B – Methamphetamine Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5.4 5.8 0.3 0.3 6.0 6.4 2.5 2.7 6.5 6.9
GENDER                    
Male 6.8 7.1 0.3 0.3 7.5 7.9 2.6 2.9 8.3 8.7
Female 4.2 4.6 0.2 0.3 4.6 5.0 2.5 2.5 4.9 5.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 5.7a 6.2 0.3 0.3 6.2a 6.8 2.7 2.8 6.7a 7.3
White 6.9a 7.5 0.4 0.3 7.4a 8.1 3.4 3.5 8.0a 8.7
Black or African American 1.1 1.4 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.6 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.7
AIAN 12.7a 7.5 0.2 * 14.0a 8.4 8.9 7.0 14.9a 8.7
NHOPI 4.4 6.3 * * 4.9 6.9 * * 4.7 7.8
Asian 1.5 1.2 0.1 0.2 1.6 1.3 1.3 0.5 1.7 1.4
Two or More Races 8.5 9.3 0.2 0.1 10.0 11.3 2.6 3.0 11.6 13.5
Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.9 0.1 0.4 4.5 4.4 1.9 2.3 5.1 4.9
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 6.4 6.8 4.6 5.1 6.7 7.1
High School Graduate da da da da 7.4 7.6 3.1 3.2 8.3 8.5
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 7.2 7.9 2.1 2.0 8.3 9.2
College Graduate da da da da 3.4 3.9 1.0 1.2 3.6 4.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 6.5 6.4 2.6 3.0 7.1 6.9
Part-Time da da da da 5.1 5.9 1.9 1.6 6.3 7.4
Unemployed da da da da 7.4a 10.0 3.9 3.7 8.9a 13.2
Other1 da da da da 5.2 6.0 2.6 2.9 5.5 6.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.41A – Methamphetamine Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,867 1,999 43 41 1,824 1,958 273 275 1,551 1,682
GENDER                    
Male 1,108 1,262 24 18 1,085 1,244 156 164 929 1,080
Female 758 737 19 23 739 714 117 112 622 602
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,548 1,711 40 32 1,508 1,679 219 224 1,288 1,455
White 1,346 1,508 35 30 1,311 1,478 189 194 1,122 1,284
Black or African American 64 81 3 1 61 80 12 7 49 73
AIAN 39 29 * * 39 29 6 3 34 27
NHOPI 19 16 * * 19 16 * * 19 13
Asian 27 19 2 * 26 19 9 5 17 13
Two or More Races 52 58 0 1 52 57 3 12 49 45
Hispanic or Latino 319 288 3 10 316 279 54 51 262 228
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 390 307 93 78 296 229
High School Graduate da da da da 683 751 95 105 588 646
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 567 700 75 92 492 608
College Graduate da da da da 184 199 9 * 175 199
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 789 765 101 111 687 655
Part-Time da da da da 209 168 54 37 155 131
Unemployed da da da da 212a 347 45 51 166 297
Other1 da da da da 615 677 72 77 542 600
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.41B – Methamphetamine Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
GENDER                    
Male 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0
Female 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8
White 0.8 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.9
Black or African American 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3
AIAN 2.4 1.9 * * 2.6 2.1 2.5 1.3 2.6 2.3
NHOPI 1.8 1.5 * * 2.0 1.6 * * 2.4 1.6
Asian 0.2 0.1 0.1 * 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 1.0 1.1 0.0 0.1 1.2 1.3 0.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.3 1.0 2.0 1.7 1.1 0.9
High School Graduate da da da da 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0
College Graduate da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.2 * 0.2 0.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.5
Unemployed da da da da 2.1a 3.5 1.5 1.5 2.4a 4.5
Other1 da da da da 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.42A – Methamphetamine Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,001 1,173 17 11 984 1,161 90 110 894 1,051
GENDER                    
Male 641 721 14 4 627 717 55 58 573 659
Female 360 452 3 7 357 444 36 53 321 392
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 827 985 16 8 811 977 73 81 738 896
White 730 863 15 6 715 857 71 73 645 785
Black or African American 25 50 * 1 25 49 0 2 25 47
AIAN 23 16 * * 23 16 * 1 22 15
NHOPI * 12 * * * 12 * * * *
Asian 10 13 2 * 8 13 * * 8 13
Two or More Races 39 31 * 1 39 30 0 3 39 27
Hispanic or Latino 174 187 1 3 173 184 18 29 156 155
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 198 162 26 34 172 129
High School Graduate da da da da 405 488 34 48 371 440
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 289 371 26 29 263 342
College Graduate da da da da 93 140 5 * 88 140
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 389 427 29 43 360 384
Part-Time da da da da 121 100 24 14 97 86
Unemployed da da da da 109a 265 23 23 86a 242
Other1 da da da da 365 369 14 30 351 339
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.42B – Methamphetamine Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
GENDER                    
Male 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6
Female 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
White 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
Black or African American 0.1 0.2 * 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2
AIAN 1.4 1.0 * * 1.5 1.2 * 0.3 1.7 1.3
NHOPI * 1.1 * * * 1.2 * * * *
Asian 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 0.8 0.6 * 0.1 0.9 0.7 0.0 0.3 1.1 0.8
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5
High School Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.9
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5
College Graduate da da da da 0.1 0.2 0.1 * 0.1 0.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Part-Time da da da da 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
Unemployed da da da da 1.1a 2.7 0.7 0.7 1.2a 3.6
Other1 da da da da 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.43A – Any Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 86,548a 82,559 4,141 3,980 82,407a 78,579 8,931a 8,357 73,476a 70,222
GENDER                    
Male 39,229a 37,510 2,038 1,898 37,191a 35,612 3,878a 3,602 33,313 32,010
Female 47,319a 45,049 2,103 2,083 45,216a 42,967 5,052 4,755 40,164a 38,211
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 74,247a 70,541 3,068 2,932 71,179a 67,610 7,145a 6,519 64,034a 61,091
White 57,151a 54,877 2,091 2,021 55,060 52,856 5,094a 4,583 49,966 48,273
Black or African American 11,076 10,587 587 601 10,489 9,986 1,323 1,208 9,166 8,778
AIAN 606 582 29 30 577 552 58 63 519 488
NHOPI 397a 218 * * 379a 213 * * * 172
Asian 3,051 2,593 185 128 2,867 2,464 394 364 2,472 2,100
Two or More Races 1,967 1,685 158 146 1,809 1,539 217 259 1,592 1,280
Hispanic or Latino 12,301 12,018 1,073 1,049 11,228 10,969 1,786 1,838 9,442 9,131
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 9,678 8,979 1,283 1,200 8,394 7,779
High School Graduate da da da da 21,422a 19,289 2,737 2,548 18,685a 16,740
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 29,254a 27,613 3,735 3,605 25,519 24,008
College Graduate da da da da 22,054 22,698 1,176 1,004 20,878 21,694
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 37,687a 35,946 3,813 3,612 33,874 32,333
Part-Time da da da da 10,392 9,701 2,251a 1,973 8,141 7,728
Unemployed da da da da 3,336 3,137 860 914 2,477 2,224
Other1 da da da da 30,992 29,795 2,007 1,858 28,985 27,937
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.43B – Any Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 31.6a 30.0 16.6 16.0 33.1a 31.4 26.2a 24.8 34.2a 32.4
GENDER                    
Male 29.5a 28.1 16.1 15.0 31.0a 29.5 22.7 21.3 32.3a 30.8
Female 33.6a 31.8 17.2 17.0 35.1a 33.2 29.8 28.3 35.9a 33.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 32.7a 31.0 16.3 15.7 34.2a 32.3 27.0a 25.0 35.2a 33.4
White 33.5a 32.2 16.1 15.7 34.9a 33.5 27.9a 25.4 35.8a 34.5
Black or African American 33.6 31.8 17.5 17.9 35.5 33.4 27.9 26.1 36.9 34.8
AIAN 36.4 37.2 18.3 17.4 38.3 39.6 26.1 29.0 40.4 41.6
NHOPI 38.1a 20.0 * * 40.2a 21.5 * * * 20.6
Asian 19.5a 16.3 12.8 9.8 20.2 16.9 17.4 17.4 20.7a 16.8
Two or More Races 38.4a 31.7 20.1 15.7 41.8a 35.1 28.9 27.6 44.5 37.1
Hispanic or Latino 26.4 25.3 17.6 16.9 27.7 26.6 23.4 24.0 28.7 27.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 31.3 29.8 27.3 25.6 32.0 30.5
High School Graduate da da da da 34.8a 31.7 26.3a 24.0 36.5a 33.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 37.9a 35.8 27.6 26.7 40.1a 37.8
College Graduate da da da da 27.8 27.6 21.7 20.3 28.3 28.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 30.5a 28.9 26.2 25.2 31.0a 29.4
Part-Time da da da da 32.2a 29.8 25.9 23.6 34.6 31.9
Unemployed da da da da 33.4 31.6 27.8 27.8 35.9 33.5
Other1 da da da da 37.4a 35.6 26.0 24.0 38.5 36.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.44A – Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 9,948 9,724 695a 567 9,253 9,158 1,858 1,754 7,395 7,404
GENDER                    
Male 5,154 5,134 298 254 4,856 4,880 974 895 3,882 3,985
Female 4,794 4,590 397a 312 4,397 4,278 884 859 3,513 3,418
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,304 7,979 488 407 7,816 7,572 1,489 1,316 6,327 6,256
White 6,583 6,290 341 289 6,242 6,001 1,109 995 5,133 5,006
Black or African American 1,103 1,059 88 85 1,016 975 219 178 796 797
AIAN 96 79 1a 5 94 74 16 14 78 60
NHOPI 87a 23 * * 80a 22 * * 57 20
Asian 216 262 34a 3 182 259 69 66 113 193
Two or More Races 219 266 18 24 201 242 51 61 150 181
Hispanic or Latino 1,644 1,745 207 160 1,437 1,585 369 438 1,068 1,147
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,253 1,276 355 294 897 983
High School Graduate da da da da 2,549 2,240 603 546 1,946 1,694
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 3,455 3,331 709 729 2,746 2,602
College Graduate da da da da 1,996 2,310 190 185 1,806 2,125
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 4,531 4,764 808 823 3,722 3,941
Part-Time da da da da 1,331 1,174 419 389 913 785
Unemployed da da da da 833a 625 265 194 569 431
Other1 da da da da 2,557 2,594 367 348 2,191 2,246
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.44B – Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 3.6 3.5 2.8a 2.3 3.7 3.7 5.5 5.2 3.4 3.4
GENDER                    
Male 3.9 3.8 2.3 2.0 4.0 4.0 5.7 5.3 3.8 3.8
Female 3.4 3.2 3.3a 2.6 3.4 3.3 5.2 5.1 3.1 3.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.7 3.5 2.6 2.2 3.8 3.6 5.6 5.0 3.5 3.4
White 3.9 3.7 2.6 2.3 4.0 3.8 6.1 5.5 3.7 3.6
Black or African American 3.3 3.2 2.6 2.5 3.4 3.3 4.6 3.8 3.2 3.2
AIAN 5.8 5.0 0.9 2.9 6.3 5.3 7.4 6.4 6.1 5.1
NHOPI 8.4a 2.1 * * 8.5a 2.3 * * 7.3 2.5
Asian 1.4 1.6 2.3a 0.3 1.3 1.8 3.0 3.2 0.9 1.5
Two or More Races 4.3 5.0 2.3 2.6 4.6 5.5 6.8 6.5 4.2 5.3
Hispanic or Latino 3.5 3.7 3.4 2.6 3.5 3.8 4.8 5.7 3.2 3.4
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4.1 4.2 7.6 6.3 3.4 3.9
High School Graduate da da da da 4.1 3.7 5.8 5.1 3.8 3.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 4.5 4.3 5.2 5.4 4.3 4.1
College Graduate da da da da 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.8 2.4 2.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 3.7 3.8 5.6 5.7 3.4 3.6
Part-Time da da da da 4.1 3.6 4.8 4.7 3.9 3.2
Unemployed da da da da 8.3a 6.3 8.5a 5.9 8.2 6.5
Other1 da da da da 3.1 3.1 4.8 4.5 2.9 3.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.45A – Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2,852 2,819 161 165 2,691 2,654 475 420 2,216 2,234
GENDER                    
Male 1,434 1,450 45 68 1,389 1,382 240 183 1,149 1,199
Female 1,418 1,369 116 97 1,302 1,271 234 236 1,068 1,035
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,446 2,324 106 117 2,340 2,207 383 324 1,958 1,883
White 1,951 1,894 68 79 1,884 1,815 285 255 1,599 1,560
Black or African American 337 238 18 24 319 214 66 45 252 169
AIAN 23 15 1 * 22 15 * 3 18 12
NHOPI 12 * * * 6 * * * * *
Asian 50 77 6 * 44 77 18 5 26 72
Two or More Races 74 87 8 14 66 74 9 14 57 59
Hispanic or Latino 406 495 55 48 350 447 92 96 258 352
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 359 297 105 88 254 210
High School Graduate da da da da 765 714 146 113 619 601
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 988 958 187 179 801 779
College Graduate da da da da 579 684 37 40 542 645
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,218 1,280 186 186 1,032 1,094
Part-Time da da da da 463 336 105 87 358 249
Unemployed da da da da 236 239 76 61 160 179
Other1 da da da da 774 798 107 85 666 713
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.45B – Misuse of Pain Relievers in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.0
GENDER                    
Male 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.2
Female 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0
White 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.1
Black or African American 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.4 1.0 1.0 0.7
AIAN 1.4 1.0 0.6 * 1.5 1.1 * 1.2 1.4 1.1
NHOPI 1.1 * * * 0.7 * * * * *
Asian 0.3 0.5 0.4 * 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.6
Two or More Races 1.4 1.6 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.8 1.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.2 1.0 2.2 1.9 1.0 0.8
High School Graduate da da da da 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
College Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 0.9 1.0
Part-Time da da da da 1.4 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.5 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 2.4 2.4 2.5 1.8 2.3 2.7
Other1 da da da da 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.46A – Any Use of Stimulants in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 18,008 18,290 1,752 1,837 16,256 16,453 4,473 4,320 11,783 12,133
GENDER                    
Male 8,568 8,575 1,106 1,117 7,462 7,458 2,401 2,322 5,061 5,136
Female 9,441 9,715 646 720 8,794 8,995 2,072 1,998 6,722 6,996
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,709 16,013 1,450 1,483 14,259 14,530 3,838 3,727 10,421 10,803
White 13,258 13,601 1,143 1,205 12,115 12,395 3,166 3,045 8,949 9,350
Black or African American 1,371 1,284 170 154 1,201 1,130 298 305 903 825
AIAN 88 80 12 8 76 71 15 28 62 43
NHOPI 37 53 * * 36 47 * * * 25
Asian 511 552 48 29 463 523 196 156 268 368
Two or More Races 444 444 76 81 368 363 148 172 220 191
Hispanic or Latino 2,299 2,277 301 354 1,998 1,923 635 594 1,362 1,329
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,334 1,387 445 392 889 995
High School Graduate da da da da 3,088 3,063 984 990 2,104 2,073
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 6,315 6,350 2,101 1,977 4,215 4,373
College Graduate da da da da 5,519 5,653 944 962 4,575 4,691
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 9,099 8,900 1,916 1,864 7,183 7,036
Part-Time da da da da 2,334 2,555 1,229 1,198 1,106 1,357
Unemployed da da da da 1,058 954 429 430 629 523
Other1 da da da da 3,765 4,044 900 828 2,866 3,216
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.46B – Any Use of Stimulants in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.4 6.5 6.6 13.1 12.8 5.5 5.6
GENDER                    
Male 6.5 6.4 8.7 8.8 6.2 6.2 14.1 13.7 4.9 4.9
Female 6.7 6.9 5.3 5.9 6.8 6.9 12.2 11.9 6.0 6.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.9 7.0 7.7 7.9 6.8 7.0 14.5 14.3 5.7 5.9
White 7.8 8.0 8.8 9.4 7.7 7.9 17.3 16.9 6.4 6.7
Black or African American 4.2 3.9 5.1 4.6 4.1 3.8 6.3 6.6 3.6 3.3
AIAN 5.3 5.1 7.7 4.8 5.1 5.1 6.6 12.8 4.8 3.7
NHOPI 3.5 4.8 * * 3.8 4.7 * * * 3.0
Asian 3.3 3.5 3.3 2.2 3.3 3.6 8.6 7.4 2.2 2.9
Two or More Races 8.7 8.3 9.7 8.6 8.5 8.3 19.6 18.3 6.2 5.5
Hispanic or Latino 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.7 4.9 4.7 8.3 7.7 4.1 4.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4.3 4.6 9.5 8.4 3.4 3.9
High School Graduate da da da da 5.0 5.0 9.5 9.3 4.1 4.1
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 8.2 8.2 15.5 14.6 6.6 6.9
College Graduate da da da da 7.0 6.9 17.4 19.5 6.2 6.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 7.4 7.2 13.2 13.0 6.6 6.4
Part-Time da da da da 7.2 7.8 14.1 14.4 4.7 5.6
Unemployed da da da da 10.6 9.6 13.9 13.1 9.1 7.9
Other1 da da da da 4.5 4.8 11.7 10.7 3.8 4.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.47A – Misuse of Stimulants in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5,109 4,929 369 430 4,739 4,499 2,216a 1,951 2,524 2,548
GENDER                    
Male 2,812 2,771 215 253 2,597 2,517 1,161 1,068 1,436 1,450
Female 2,296 2,158 154 176 2,142 1,982 1,054a 883 1,088 1,098
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,479 4,334 309 326 4,169 4,008 1,903 1,691 2,267 2,318
White 3,766 3,743 241 263 3,526 3,480 1,559 1,399 1,967 2,081
Black or African American 293 251 31 22 263 229 133 111 130 118
AIAN 24 23 * 3 20 20 6 10 14 10
NHOPI 14 9 * * 14 9 * * 2 2
Asian 243 159 20 19 223 140 124 80 98 60
Two or More Races 138 149 14 18 124 131 68 84 56 47
Hispanic or Latino 630 595 60 104 570 491 313 260 257 230
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 227 291 141 169 86 122
High School Graduate da da da da 889 793 441 355 448 439
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1,928 1,897 1,073 943 855 954
College Graduate da da da da 1,695 1,518 561 484 1,134 1,034
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2,662 2,614 930 865 1,732 1,748
Part-Time da da da da 992 910 681 604 310 307
Unemployed da da da da 366 328 204 171 163 157
Other1 da da da da 720 648 401 311 319 336
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.47B – Misuse of Stimulants in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.8 6.5 5.8 1.2 1.2
GENDER                    
Male 2.1 2.1 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.1 6.8 6.3 1.4 1.4
Female 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.5 6.2a 5.2 1.0 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.0 1.9 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.9 7.2 6.5 1.2 1.3
White 2.2 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2 8.5 7.8 1.4 1.5
Black or African American 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 2.8 2.4 0.5 0.5
AIAN 1.4 1.5 * 1.9 1.3 1.5 2.6 4.6 1.1 0.9
NHOPI 1.4 0.8 * * 1.5 0.9 * * 0.2 0.2
Asian 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.0 5.5 3.8 0.8 0.5
Two or More Races 2.7 2.8 1.8 1.9 2.9 3.0 9.1 9.0 1.6 1.4
Hispanic or Latino 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.7 1.4 1.2 4.1 3.4 0.8 0.7
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.7 1.0 3.0 3.6 0.3 0.5
High School Graduate da da da da 1.4 1.3 4.2 3.3 0.9 0.9
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.5 2.5 7.9 7.0 1.3 1.5
College Graduate da da da da 2.1 1.8 10.3 9.8 1.5 1.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.2 2.1 6.4 6.0 1.6 1.6
Part-Time da da da da 3.1 2.8 7.8 7.2 1.3 1.3
Unemployed da da da da 3.7 3.3 6.6 5.2 2.4 2.4
Other1 da da da da 0.9 0.8 5.2 4.0 0.4 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.48A – Misuse of Stimulants in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,670 1,566 120 123 1,550 1,443 587 587 963 856
GENDER                    
Male 943 865 61 91 883 774 321 323 562 451
Female 726 701 59 32 667 668 266 264 401 405
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,512 1,369 114 85 1,397 1,284 535 514 862 770
White 1,232 1,187 91 74 1,141 1,114 443 417 698 697
Black or African American 112a 50 7 4 105 46 27 28 78a 18
AIAN 6 7 * * 5 7 1 * 4 *
NHOPI * 3 * * * 3 * * * 2
Asian 110 50 12 3 99 47 40 34 59 13
Two or More Races 51 72 3 4 48 68 25 33 23 36
Hispanic or Latino 158 198 6a 39 152 159 52 73 101 86
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 86 92 34 57 51 36
High School Graduate da da da da 289 255 103 103 186 152
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 582 628 284 289 298 338
College Graduate da da da da 593 468 165 138 427 330
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 844 778 195 222 649 556
Part-Time da da da da 283 268 187 185 96 83
Unemployed da da da da 110 135 59 48 51 87
Other1 da da da da 313 262 146 131 167 131
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.48B – Misuse of Stimulants in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.7 1.7 0.4 0.4
GENDER                    
Male 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.9 1.9 0.5 0.4
Female 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 1.6 1.6 0.4 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 2.0 2.0 0.5 0.4
White 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.4 2.3 0.5 0.5
Black or African American 0.3a 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.3a 0.1
AIAN 0.3 0.4 * * 0.3 0.5 0.3 * 0.3 *
NHOPI * 0.3 * * * 0.3 * * * 0.2
Asian 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.8 1.6 0.5 0.1
Two or More Races 1.0 1.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.6 3.3 3.5 0.6 1.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.4 0.1a 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0 0.3 0.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.3 0.3 0.7 1.2 0.2 0.1
High School Graduate da da da da 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.8 0.8 2.1 2.1 0.5 0.5
College Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.6 3.0 2.8 0.6 0.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.5 0.6 0.5
Part-Time da da da da 0.9 0.8 2.2 2.2 0.4 0.3
Unemployed da da da da 1.1 1.4 1.9 1.5 0.7 1.3
Other1 da da da da 0.4 0.3 1.9 1.7 0.2 0.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.49A – Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 46,394a 44,051 1,371 1,370 45,023a 42,682 4,234 3,995 40,789a 38,687
GENDER                    
Male 18,201a 16,396 603 597 17,598a 15,799 1,812a 1,608 15,786a 14,191
Female 28,193 27,655 767 772 27,426 26,883 2,423 2,387 25,003 24,496
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 41,073a 38,928 1,037 1,020 40,036a 37,908 3,522 3,317 36,515a 34,590
White 34,889a 33,085 804 737 34,085 32,348 2,839a 2,571 31,246 29,777
Black or African American 3,697 3,557 123 169 3,573 3,388 401 417 3,173 2,971
AIAN 240 264 10 8 230 256 18 20 211 236
NHOPI * 50 * * * 47 * * * 36
Asian 1,199 1,125 50 44 1,150 1,081 122 176 1,028 905
Two or More Races 876 846 48 59 828 787 115 122 713 665
Hispanic or Latino 5,321 5,124 334 350 4,987 4,774 713 678 4,274 4,096
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4,279 3,884 614 541 3,664 3,343
High School Graduate da da da da 9,728 9,203 1,108 1,073 8,620 8,130
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 15,645 14,750 1,787 1,712 13,858 13,038
College Graduate da da da da 15,372 14,845 725 669 14,647 14,175
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 19,552a 17,801 1,760 1,730 17,792a 16,071
Part-Time da da da da 6,008 5,916 1,150a 967 4,858 4,949
Unemployed da da da da 1,667 1,709 456 488 1,211 1,220
Other1 da da da da 17,796 17,256 868 810 16,928 16,447
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.49B – Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 16.9a 16.0 5.5 5.5 18.1a 17.1 12.4 11.8 19.0a 17.9
GENDER                    
Male 13.7a 12.3 4.8 4.7 14.6a 13.1 10.6 9.5 15.3a 13.7
Female 20.0 19.5 6.3 6.3 21.3 20.8 14.3 14.2 22.4 21.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 18.1a 17.1 5.5 5.5 19.2a 18.1 13.3 12.7 20.1a 18.9
White 20.4a 19.4 6.2 5.7 21.6a 20.5 15.5a 14.3 22.4a 21.3
Black or African American 11.2 10.7 3.7 5.0 12.1 11.3 8.5 9.0 12.8 11.8
AIAN 14.4 16.9 6.4 4.4 15.3 18.4 8.3 9.1 16.5 20.2
NHOPI * 4.6 * * * 4.8 * * * 4.3
Asian 7.7 7.1 3.4 3.4 8.1 7.4 5.4 8.4 8.6 7.2
Two or More Races 17.1 15.9 6.1 6.3 19.1 17.9 15.3 13.0 19.9 19.3
Hispanic or Latino 11.4 10.8 5.5 5.6 12.3 11.6 9.4 8.8 13.0 12.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 13.8 12.9 13.1 11.5 14.0 13.1
High School Graduate da da da da 15.8 15.1 10.7 10.1 16.8 16.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 20.3 19.1 13.2 12.7 21.8 20.5
College Graduate da da da da 19.4a 18.0 13.4 13.6 19.8a 18.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 15.8a 14.3 12.1 12.1 16.3a 14.6
Part-Time da da da da 18.6 18.1 13.2 11.6 20.6 20.4
Unemployed da da da da 16.7 17.2 14.7 14.8 17.5 18.4
Other1 da da da da 21.5 20.6 11.3 10.4 22.5 21.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.50A – Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 6,435 5,895 460 436 5,975 5,459 1,658a 1,409 4,317 4,050
GENDER                    
Male 3,272 2,859 224 191 3,048 2,667 825a 690 2,223 1,978
Female 3,163 3,036 236 245 2,927 2,792 833 719 2,094 2,072
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,374 4,940 319 298 5,055 4,642 1,381a 1,160 3,674 3,482
White 4,664 4,206 250 234 4,414 3,972 1,106a 911 3,308 3,062
Black or African American 373 404 31 29 341 375 135 131 206 244
AIAN 50 20 5 3 45 17 12 7 33 10
NHOPI 22 19 * * 22 19 * * 4 *
Asian 114 147 9 6 104 141 58 55 47 86
Two or More Races 152 144 23 26 128 118 52 52 77 66
Hispanic or Latino 1,061 955 141 138 919 817 277 249 643 568
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 717 538 279a 196 438 342
High School Graduate da da da da 1,372 1,110 511a 406 861 704
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2,148 2,095 627 595 1,521 1,500
College Graduate da da da da 1,738 1,715 241 212 1,497 1,503
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 3,184 2,789 697 633 2,488 2,156
Part-Time da da da da 965 935 463a 352 501 583
Unemployed da da da da 410 368 204 173 206 195
Other1 da da da da 1,416 1,368 294 251 1,122 1,117
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.50B – Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.4 2.2 4.9a 4.2 2.0 1.9
GENDER                    
Male 2.5 2.1 1.8 1.5 2.5 2.2 4.8 4.1 2.2 1.9
Female 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.2 4.9 4.3 1.9 1.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.4 2.2 1.7 1.6 2.4 2.2 5.2a 4.4 2.0 1.9
White 2.7 2.5 1.9 1.8 2.8 2.5 6.1a 5.0 2.4 2.2
Black or African American 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 2.9 2.8 0.8 1.0
AIAN 3.0 1.3 3.0 1.8 3.0 1.2 5.6 3.3 2.6 0.9
NHOPI 2.1 1.7 * * 2.3 1.9 * * 0.5 *
Asian 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.0 2.5 2.6 0.4 0.7
Two or More Races 3.0 2.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.7 6.9 5.5 2.1 1.9
Hispanic or Latino 2.3 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.0 3.6 3.3 2.0 1.7
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 2.3 1.8 5.9a 4.2 1.7 1.3
High School Graduate da da da da 2.2 1.8 4.9a 3.8 1.7 1.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.8 2.7 4.6 4.4 2.4 2.4
College Graduate da da da da 2.2 2.1 4.4 4.3 2.0 1.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.6 2.2 4.8 4.4 2.3 2.0
Part-Time da da da da 3.0 2.9 5.3 4.2 2.1 2.4
Unemployed da da da da 4.1 3.7 6.6 5.2 3.0 2.9
Other1 da da da da 1.7 1.6 3.8 3.2 1.5 1.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.51A – Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,799 1,958 88 121 1,711 1,837 422 365 1,289 1,472
GENDER                    
Male 847 910 48 83 799 828 199 193 600 635
Female 952 1,048 40 39 912 1,009 224 171 688 838
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,580 1,688 69 79 1,511 1,608 356 300 1,155 1,308
White 1,400 1,499 50 60 1,351 1,439 286 240 1,065 1,199
Black or African American 116 100 8 11 108 90 46 22 62 67
AIAN 17 4 * * 13 4 * * 13 4
NHOPI * 1 * * * 1 * * * *
Asian 11 37 2 3 9 34 9 19 * 15
Two or More Races 29 46 5 5 24 41 9 18 15 23
Hispanic or Latino 219 271 19 42 199 229 66 64 133 164
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 200 162 80 56 120 106
High School Graduate da da da da 459 327 139 94 320 233
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 600 785 159 150 441 636
College Graduate da da da da 452 563 45 65 408 498
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 809 856 173 135 636 722
Part-Time da da da da 239 339 113 88 126a 251
Unemployed da da da da 129 182 60 74 70 108
Other1 da da da da 534 460 76 68 458 392
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.51B – Misuse of Tranquilizers or Sedatives in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.7
GENDER                    
Male 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.6
Female 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.6 0.7
White 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.6 1.3 0.8 0.9
Black or African American 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.2 0.3
AIAN 1.0 0.3 * * 0.9 0.3 * * 1.0 0.4
NHOPI * 0.1 * * * 0.1 * * * *
Asian 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 * 0.1
Two or More Races 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.9 0.4 0.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.5
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.2 0.5 0.4
High School Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.5 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.5
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.0
College Graduate da da da da 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.7 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.7
Part-Time da da da da 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.5a 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 1.3 1.8 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.6
Other1 da da da da 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.52A – Any Use of Tranquilizers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 37,610a 35,601 1,001 1,010 36,609a 34,591 3,681 3,419 32,928a 31,172
GENDER                    
Male 14,139a 12,603 452 435 13,687a 12,168 1,581a 1,350 12,106a 10,818
Female 23,471 22,998 549 575 22,922 22,423 2,100 2,068 20,822 20,354
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 33,020a 31,339 732 739 32,288a 30,600 3,061 2,849 29,228a 27,751
White 28,413a 26,952 594 552 27,818 26,400 2,512a 2,238 25,307 24,162
Black or African American 2,792 2,719 76 101 2,716 2,618 322 332 2,394 2,286
AIAN 172 223 6 7 165 216 14 15 152 201
NHOPI * 46 * * * 44 * * * 36
Asian 867 712 25 35 841 677 92 143 749 534
Two or More Races 639 687 30 42 609 645 95 113 514 532
Hispanic or Latino 4,591 4,262 270 271 4,321 3,991 620 569 3,701 3,422
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 3,582 3,154 535 436 3,047 2,718
High School Graduate da da da da 7,950 7,336 985 940 6,965 6,396
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 12,821 12,397 1,537 1,461 11,284 10,936
College Graduate da da da da 12,256 11,705 624 582 11,632 11,123
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 15,867a 14,448 1,561 1,497 14,307a 12,952
Part-Time da da da da 4,917 4,752 959 823 3,958 3,929
Unemployed da da da da 1,423 1,440 403 395 1,020 1,045
Other1 da da da da 14,402 13,951 758 704 13,644 13,247
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.52B – Any Use of Tranquilizers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 13.7a 12.9 4.0 4.1 14.7a 13.8 10.8 10.1 15.3a 14.4
GENDER                    
Male 10.6a 9.4 3.6 3.4 11.4a 10.1 9.3a 8.0 11.7a 10.4
Female 16.7 16.2 4.5 4.7 17.8 17.3 12.4 12.3 18.6 18.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 14.5a 13.8 3.9 3.9 15.5a 14.6 11.6 10.9 16.1a 15.2
White 16.6a 15.8 4.6 4.3 17.6a 16.7 13.7a 12.4 18.1 17.3
Black or African American 8.5 8.2 2.3 3.0 9.2 8.8 6.8 7.2 9.6 9.0
AIAN 10.3 14.2 4.0 4.0 11.0 15.5 6.2 6.9 11.8 17.1
NHOPI * 4.2 * * * 4.5 * * * 4.3
Asian 5.5 4.5 1.8 2.7 5.9 4.6 4.1 6.9 6.3 4.3
Two or More Races 12.5 12.9 3.8 4.5 14.1 14.7 12.7 12.0 14.4 15.4
Hispanic or Latino 9.8 9.0 4.4 4.4 10.7 9.7 8.1 7.4 11.2 10.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 11.6 10.5 11.4 9.3 11.6 10.7
High School Graduate da da da da 12.9 12.1 9.5 8.9 13.6 12.8
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 16.6 16.1 11.4 10.8 17.7 17.2
College Graduate da da da da 15.5a 14.2 11.5 11.8 15.8a 14.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 12.8a 11.6 10.7 10.4 13.1a 11.8
Part-Time da da da da 15.3 14.6 11.0 9.9 16.8 16.2
Unemployed da da da da 14.2 14.5 13.0 12.0 14.8 15.7
Other1 da da da da 17.4 16.7 9.8 9.1 18.1 17.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.53A – Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5,742 5,220 423 392 5,319 4,829 1,566a 1,313 3,753 3,516
GENDER                    
Male 2,865 2,479 208 175 2,658 2,303 794a 650 1,864 1,653
Female 2,877 2,741 215 216 2,662 2,525 772 663 1,889 1,863
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,797 4,321 291 262 4,506 4,059 1,298a 1,081 3,209 2,977
White 4,159 3,726 230 207 3,929 3,519 1,044a 861 2,885 2,659
Black or African American 344 340 31 27 312 313 125 126 187 187
AIAN 40 17 4 3 36 14 12 4 24 10
NHOPI 22 19 * * 22 19 * * 4 *
Asian 106 96 9 5 97 91 52 41 44 49
Two or More Races 127 122 16 20 111 103 47 45 64 58
Hispanic or Latino 944 900 132 130 813 770 268 231 545 539
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 687a 455 264 196 423 260
High School Graduate da da da da 1,253 1,000 504a 390 750 610
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1,891 1,893 574 522 1,317 1,371
College Graduate da da da da 1,487 1,481 224 206 1,264 1,275
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2,862a 2,434 665 594 2,196 1,839
Part-Time da da da da 845 836 422a 319 423 517
Unemployed da da da da 384 339 200 167 184 172
Other1 da da da da 1,229 1,220 279 232 950 988
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.53B – Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.9 4.6a 3.9 1.7 1.6
GENDER                    
Male 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.4 2.2 1.9 4.6a 3.8 1.8 1.6
Female 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.0 4.6 3.9 1.7 1.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.1 1.9 1.5 1.4 2.2 1.9 4.9a 4.1 1.8 1.6
White 2.4 2.2 1.8 1.6 2.5 2.2 5.7a 4.8 2.1 1.9
Black or African American 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 2.6 2.7 0.8 0.7
AIAN 2.4 1.1 2.6 1.8 2.4 1.0 5.6 1.9 1.8 0.9
NHOPI 2.1 1.7 * * 2.3 1.9 * * 0.5 *
Asian 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.3 2.0 0.4 0.4
Two or More Races 2.5 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.3 6.2 4.8 1.8 1.7
Hispanic or Latino 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 3.5 3.0 1.7 1.6
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 2.2 1.5 5.6 4.2 1.6 1.0
High School Graduate da da da da 2.0 1.6 4.8a 3.7 1.5 1.2
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.5 2.5 4.2 3.9 2.1 2.2
College Graduate da da da da 1.9 1.8 4.1 4.2 1.7 1.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.3a 2.0 4.6 4.1 2.0 1.7
Part-Time da da da da 2.6 2.6 4.9 3.8 1.8 2.1
Unemployed da da da da 3.8 3.4 6.5 5.1 2.7 2.6
Other1 da da da da 1.5 1.5 3.6 3.0 1.3 1.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.54A – Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,634 1,781 81 112 1,553 1,669 395 337 1,159 1,332
GENDER                    
Male 754 842 44 75 710 767 187 182 523 585
Female 880 939 37 37 843 901 208 155 636 746
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,428 1,528 61 75 1,367 1,453 334 273 1,033 1,180
White 1,268 1,367 46 57 1,222 1,310 268 228 954 1,081
Black or African American 113 92 8 10 105 82 45 22 60 60
AIAN 8 4 * * 4 4 * * 4 4
NHOPI * 1 * * * 1 * * * *
Asian 9 21 * 3 9 18 9 7 * 10
Two or More Races 24 43 3 5 21 38 6 15 15 23
Hispanic or Latino 206 253 19 37 186 216 60 63 126 152
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 196 142 78 56 118 86
High School Graduate da da da da 413 289 129 90 284 198
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 532 743 146 129 386a 614
College Graduate da da da da 412 496 41 62 371 434
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 755 802 172 135 583 668
Part-Time da da da da 184 304 94 74 90a 231
Unemployed da da da da 124 167 57 65 68 102
Other1 da da da da 490 395 72 64 418 331
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.54B – Misuse of Tranquilizers in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.6
GENDER                    
Male 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.6
Female 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.6
White 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.3 0.7 0.8
Black or African American 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.2
AIAN 0.5 0.3 * * 0.3 0.3 * * 0.3 0.4
NHOPI * 0.1 * * * 0.1 * * * *
Asian 0.1 0.1 * 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 * 0.1
Two or More Races 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 1.6 0.4 0.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.5
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.2 0.4 0.3
High School Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.4
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.6a 1.0
College Graduate da da da da 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.5 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.6 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 0.6 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.4a 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 1.2 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.0 1.5
Other1 da da da da 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.55A – Any Use of Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 16,775 15,636 502 545 16,274a 15,091 1,049 1,051 15,225a 14,040
GENDER                    
Male 6,655 6,394 215 238 6,440 6,156 428 426 6,012 5,729
Female 10,120 9,242 287 307 9,833 8,936 621 624 9,213 8,311
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,304a 13,938 407 416 14,897a 13,522 896 877 14,001a 12,645
White 12,657 11,707 294 291 12,363 11,416 712 653 11,651 10,764
Black or African American 1,512 1,287 53 82 1,459 1,204 103 114 1,356 1,090
AIAN 121 89 7 * 114 88 10 6 104 82
NHOPI 48 13 * * 46 12 * * 45 9
Asian 567 571 30 19 537 552 34 75 502 477
Two or More Races 399 271 22 22 377 249 35 25 342 224
Hispanic or Latino 1,472 1,698 95 129 1,377 1,569 153 174 1,224 1,395
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,472 1,370 146 160 1,325 1,211
High School Graduate da da da da 3,387 3,252 252 260 3,135 2,992
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 5,516 4,878 456 470 5,059 4,408
College Graduate da da da da 5,899 5,591 194 162 5,705 5,429
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 6,661 6,081 404 409 6,257 5,672
Part-Time da da da da 2,120 1,880 309 256 1,811 1,624
Unemployed da da da da 516 575 111 161 405 415
Other1 da da da da 6,976 6,554 224 225 6,752 6,330
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.55B – Any Use of Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 6.1a 5.7 2.0 2.2 6.5a 6.0 3.1 3.1 7.1a 6.5
GENDER                    
Male 5.0 4.8 1.7 1.9 5.4 5.1 2.5 2.5 5.8 5.5
Female 7.2a 6.5 2.3 2.5 7.6a 6.9 3.7 3.7 8.2a 7.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.7a 6.1 2.2 2.2 7.2a 6.5 3.4 3.4 7.7a 6.9
White 7.4 6.9 2.3 2.3 7.8 7.2 3.9 3.6 8.4 7.7
Black or African American 4.6 3.9 1.6 2.5 4.9 4.0 2.2 2.5 5.5 4.3
AIAN 7.3 5.7 4.4 * 7.6 6.3 4.6 2.7 8.1 7.0
NHOPI 4.6 1.2 * * 4.9 1.3 * * 5.8 1.0
Asian 3.6 3.6 2.1 1.5 3.8 3.8 1.5a 3.6 4.2 3.8
Two or More Races 7.8 5.1 2.7 2.3 8.7 5.7 4.7 2.7 9.5 6.5
Hispanic or Latino 3.2 3.6 1.6 2.1 3.4 3.8 2.0 2.3 3.7 4.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4.8 4.5 3.1 3.4 5.1 4.8
High School Graduate da da da da 5.5 5.4 2.4 2.4 6.1 6.0
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 7.2 6.3 3.4 3.5 8.0a 6.9
College Graduate da da da da 7.4 6.8 3.6 3.3 7.7 7.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 5.4 4.9 2.8 2.9 5.7 5.2
Part-Time da da da da 6.6 5.8 3.6 3.1 7.7 6.7
Unemployed da da da da 5.2 5.8 3.6 4.9 5.9 6.2
Other1 da da da da 8.4 7.8 2.9 2.9 9.0 8.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.56A – Misuse of Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1,084 1,098 63 82 1,021 1,016 194 175 827 841
GENDER                    
Male 605 545 31 43 574 502 72 66 502 436
Female 479 553 32 40 447 514 122 109 324 405
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 917 971 53 60 864 911 177 150 687 761
White 811 806 37 48 774 757 148 107 626 651
Black or African American 33 66 1 5 31 61 10 5 21 57
AIAN 15 5 * * 14 5 * * 9 1
NHOPI 2 * * * 2 * * * 2 *
Asian 16 66 6 1 11 65 8 22 2 43
Two or More Races 40 29 9 6 31 23 5 14 26 9
Hispanic or Latino 167 127 10 22 157 105 17 25 140 80
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 69 106 27a 7 41 99
High School Graduate da da da da 206 180 44 42 162 138
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 354 327 84 115 270 213
College Graduate da da da da 392 402 38a 11 354 391
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 490 511 66 58 424 454
Part-Time da da da da 182 154 64 58 118 95
Unemployed da da da da 44 84 21 29 23 55
Other1 da da da da 306 267 43 29 262 237
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.56B – Misuse of Sedatives in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
GENDER                    
Male 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Female 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
White 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5
Black or African American 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
AIAN 0.9 0.3 * * 0.9 0.3 * * 0.7 0.1
NHOPI 0.2 * * * 0.2 * * * 0.3 *
Asian 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.0 0.3
Two or More Races 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.3
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.2 0.4 0.6a 0.2 0.2 0.4
High School Graduate da da da da 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.3
College Graduate da da da da 0.5 0.5 0.7a 0.2 0.5 0.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Part-Time da da da da 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.4
Unemployed da da da da 0.4 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.8
Other1 da da da da 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.57A – Misuse of Sedatives in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 243 304 9 29 234 275 43 44 191 231
GENDER                    
Male 128 144 5 26 123 118 14 17 109 101
Female 115 160 3 3 111 157 29 27 82 130
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 226 269 9 13 217 255 37 43 180 212
White 196 240 5 12 191 228 33 27 158 201
Black or African American 3 8 * 1 3 7 1 * 2 7
AIAN 9 * * * 9 * * * 9 *
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 2 16 2 * * 16 * 12 * 4
Two or More Races 15 5 2 * 13 5 3 5 10 *
Hispanic or Latino 17 35 * 15 17 20 6 1 12 19
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 16 26 1 7 15 20
High School Graduate da da da da 83 64 22 8 61 57
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 86 60 16 27 70 33
College Graduate da da da da 50 125 4 3 46 122
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 76 111 9 * 67 111
Part-Time da da da da 78 59 24 16 54 43
Unemployed da da da da 8 37 6 20 2 17
Other1 da da da da 72 68 4 8 68 61
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.57B – Misuse of Sedatives in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
GENDER                    
Male 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Female 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
White 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Black or African American 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0
AIAN 0.6 * * * 0.6 * * * 0.7 *
NHOPI * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.0 0.1 0.2 * * 0.1 * 0.6 * 0.0
Two or More Races 0.3 0.1 0.3 * 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.0 0.1 * 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
High School Graduate da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
College Graduate da da da da 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1
Part-Time da da da da 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Unemployed da da da da 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.3
Other1 da da da da 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.58A – Any Use of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 30,755 29,408 769 749 29,987 28,659 3,230 2,983 26,757 25,676
GENDER                    
Male 11,659a 10,472 353 338 11,305a 10,134 1,441a 1,211 9,864a 8,923
Female 19,097 18,935 415 411 18,681 18,525 1,789 1,771 16,892 16,753
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 27,347 26,010 562 538 26,785 25,472 2,742a 2,486 24,043 22,986
White 23,870a 22,519 459 418 23,411 22,100 2,240a 1,979 21,172 20,121
Black or African American 2,120 2,074 64 70 2,056 2,004 290 287 1,766 1,718
AIAN 126 154 3 5 124 149 13 12 110 137
NHOPI * 46 * * * 44 * * * 36
Asian 670 648 9 12 660 636 82 112 579 524
Two or More Races 475 569 27 31 448 538 91 88 356 450
Hispanic or Latino 3,408 3,398 207 211 3,202 3,187 488 496 2,714 2,690
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 2,739 2,446 492 394 2,247 2,052
High School Graduate da da da da 6,511 6,031 905 841 5,606 5,190
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 10,518 10,241 1,306 1,232 9,212 9,008
College Graduate da da da da 10,218 9,941 527 515 9,691 9,426
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 12,913a 11,879 1,373 1,326 11,540a 10,553
Part-Time da da da da 4,173 4,103 813 708 3,359 3,394
Unemployed da da da da 1,216 1,283 375 353 841 930
Other1 da da da da 11,685 11,395 669 596 11,016 10,799
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.58B – Any Use of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 11.2 10.7 3.1 3.0 12.0 11.4 9.5 8.8 12.5 11.9
GENDER                    
Male 8.8a 7.8 2.8 2.7 9.4a 8.4 8.4a 7.2 9.6a 8.6
Female 13.5 13.4 3.4 3.4 14.5 14.3 10.6 10.5 15.1 14.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.0 11.4 3.0 2.9 12.9 12.2 10.4 9.5 13.2 12.6
White 14.0a 13.2 3.5 3.3 14.8a 14.0 12.3a 11.0 15.2 14.4
Black or African American 6.4 6.2 1.9 2.1 7.0 6.7 6.1 6.2 7.1 6.8
AIAN 7.6 9.8 1.6 2.8 8.2 10.7 6.1 5.6 8.6 11.7
NHOPI * 4.2 * * * 4.5 * * * 4.3
Asian 4.3 4.1 0.7 0.9 4.7 4.4 3.6 5.3 4.9 4.2
Two or More Races 9.3 10.7 3.5 3.3 10.3 12.3 12.2 9.4 10.0 13.1
Hispanic or Latino 7.3 7.2 3.4 3.4 7.9 7.7 6.4 6.5 8.2 8.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 8.9 8.1 10.5 8.4 8.6 8.1
High School Graduate da da da da 10.6 9.9 8.7 7.9 11.0 10.3
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 13.6 13.3 9.7 9.1 14.5 14.2
College Graduate da da da da 12.9 12.1 9.7 10.4 13.1 12.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 10.4a 9.6 9.4 9.2 10.6a 9.6
Part-Time da da da da 12.9 12.6 9.4 8.5 14.3 14.0
Unemployed da da da da 12.2 12.9 12.1 10.7 12.2 14.0
Other1 da da da da 14.1 13.6 8.7 7.7 14.6 14.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.59A – Misuse of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 5,438a 4,841 399 381 5,039 4,460 1,526a 1,266 3,513 3,194
GENDER                    
Male 2,759a 2,287 199 173 2,560a 2,114 780a 630 1,780 1,484
Female 2,679 2,554 201 208 2,478 2,346 745 636 1,733 1,710
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,557 4,069 275 255 4,282 3,815 1,266a 1,048 3,016 2,767
White 3,960 3,518 219 198 3,741 3,320 1,020a 833 2,721 2,486
Black or African American 324 299 31 26 293 273 121 118 172 155
AIAN 25 17 1 3 24 14 12 4 13 10
NHOPI 22 19 * * 22 19 * * 4 *
Asian 102 96 9 5 93 91 49 41 44 49
Two or More Races 123 120 15 22 109 99 47 46 62 52
Hispanic or Latino 881 772 124 126 757 645 260 218 497 428
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 671a 383 257 185 414a 198
High School Graduate da da da da 1,208a 937 488a 376 720 560
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1,734 1,763 566 509 1,168 1,254
College Graduate da da da da 1,425 1,378 215 195 1,210 1,183
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2,696a 2,260 650 572 2,046 1,688
Part-Time da da da da 811 794 408a 311 402 483
Unemployed da da da da 382 328 196 167 186 161
Other1 da da da da 1,150 1,078 272 216 878 862
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.59B – Misuse of Benzodiazepines in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 2.0a 1.8 1.6 1.5 2.0a 1.8 4.5a 3.8 1.6 1.5
GENDER                    
Male 2.1a 1.7 1.6 1.4 2.1a 1.7 4.6a 3.7 1.7 1.4
Female 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 4.4 3.8 1.6 1.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.4 2.1 1.8 4.8a 4.0 1.7 1.5
White 2.3 2.1 1.7 1.5 2.4 2.1 5.6a 4.6 2.0 1.8
Black or African American 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 2.6 2.6 0.7 0.6
AIAN 1.5 1.1 0.6 1.8 1.6 1.0 5.3 1.9 1.0 0.9
NHOPI 2.1 1.7 * * 2.3 1.9 * * 0.5 *
Asian 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.2 2.0 0.4 0.4
Two or More Races 2.4 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.5 2.3 6.2 4.9 1.7 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.6 3.4 2.8 1.5 1.3
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 2.2a 1.3 5.5 3.9 1.6a 0.8
High School Graduate da da da da 2.0a 1.5 4.7a 3.5 1.4 1.1
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 2.2 2.3 4.2 3.8 1.8 2.0
College Graduate da da da da 1.8 1.7 4.0 3.9 1.6 1.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 2.2a 1.8 4.5 4.0 1.9 1.5
Part-Time da da da da 2.5 2.4 4.7 3.7 1.7 2.0
Unemployed da da da da 3.8 3.3 6.3 5.1 2.7 2.4
Other1 da da da da 1.4 1.3 3.5 2.8 1.2 1.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.60A – Misuse of Opioids in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 10,250 10,065 699a 567 9,551 9,499 1,895 1,776 7,656 7,723
GENDER                    
Male 5,351 5,420 298 254 5,053 5,166 992 903 4,061 4,263
Female 4,899 4,645 401a 312 4,498 4,333 902 873 3,596 3,460
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,578 8,305 491 407 8,086 7,898 1,525a 1,335 6,561 6,563
White 6,747 6,518 344 289 6,403 6,229 1,143 1,015 5,260 5,214
Black or African American 1,203 1,139 88 85 1,116 1,055 221 178 894 877
AIAN 97 80 1a 5 96 75 16 14 80 61
NHOPI 87 30 * * 80 30 * * 57 28
Asian 219 262 34a 3 185 259 69 66 116 193
Two or More Races 224 275 18 24 206 251 52 61 154 190
Hispanic or Latino 1,673 1,760 208 160 1,465 1,600 369 440 1,095 1,160
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1,330 1,321 362 295 968 1,025
High School Graduate da da da da 2,616 2,406 617 556 1,999 1,850
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 3,569 3,408 721 739 2,848 2,669
College Graduate da da da da 2,035 2,364 194 185 1,840 2,178
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 4,665 4,842 822 828 3,844 4,014
Part-Time da da da da 1,354 1,189 420 401 933 788
Unemployed da da da da 880 695 272a 197 608 498
Other1 da da da da 2,652 2,773 381 349 2,271 2,423
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.60B – Misuse of Opioids in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 2.8a 2.3 3.8 3.8 5.6 5.3 3.6 3.6
GENDER                    
Male 4.0 4.1 2.4 2.0 4.2 4.3 5.8 5.3 3.9 4.1
Female 3.5 3.3 3.3a 2.6 3.5 3.3 5.3 5.2 3.2 3.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.8 3.6 2.6 2.2 3.9 3.8 5.8 5.1 3.6 3.6
White 4.0 3.8 2.7 2.3 4.1 3.9 6.3 5.6 3.8 3.7
Black or African American 3.7 3.4 2.6 2.5 3.8 3.5 4.7 3.8 3.6 3.5
AIAN 5.8 5.1 0.9 2.9 6.4 5.4 7.4 6.4 6.2 5.2
NHOPI 8.4a 2.8 * * 8.5 3.0 * * 7.3 3.4
Asian 1.4 1.6 2.3a 0.3 1.3 1.8 3.0 3.2 1.0 1.5
Two or More Races 4.4 5.2 2.3 2.6 4.7 5.7 6.9 6.5 4.3 5.5
Hispanic or Latino 3.6 3.7 3.4 2.6 3.6 3.9 4.8 5.7 3.3 3.5
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 4.3 4.4 7.7 6.3 3.7 4.0
High School Graduate da da da da 4.3 4.0 5.9 5.2 3.9 3.7
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 4.6 4.4 5.3 5.5 4.5 4.2
College Graduate da da da da 2.6 2.9 3.6 3.8 2.5 2.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 3.8 3.9 5.6 5.8 3.5 3.7
Part-Time da da da da 4.2 3.6 4.8 4.8 4.0 3.2
Unemployed da da da da 8.8 7.0 8.8a 6.0 8.8 7.5
Other1 da da da da 3.2 3.3 4.9 4.5 3.0 3.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.61A – Misuse of Opioids in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 3,042 3,101 169 165 2,874 2,936 508 439 2,366 2,497
GENDER                    
Male 1,569 1,676 50 68 1,519 1,609 262 198 1,257 1,411
Female 1,473 1,425 118 97 1,355 1,328 246 242 1,108 1,086
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,620 2,582 113 117 2,507 2,465 411 343 2,097 2,122
White 2,091 2,061 74 79 2,018 1,982 313 274 1,705 1,708
Black or African American 366 319 19 24 347 294 66 45 281 249
AIAN 24 16 1 * 23 16 * 3 19 14
NHOPI 12 * * * 6 * * * * *
Asian 53 77 6 * 47 77 18 5 29 72
Two or More Races 74 96 8 14 66 82 9 14 57 68
Hispanic or Latino 422 519 56 48 367 472 98 97 269 375
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 398 329 112 91 286 238
High School Graduate da da da da 829 867 164 127 665 740
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1,044 1,007 193 181 852 826
College Graduate da da da da 603 733 40 40 563 693
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,273 1,335 194 193 1,079 1,142
Part-Time da da da da 482 339 110 90 372 249
Unemployed da da da da 281 317 87 67 194 250
Other1 da da da da 838 945 118 89 720 856
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.61B – Misuse of Opioids in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.2
GENDER                    
Male 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.5 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2 1.4
Female 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.0 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.2
White 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.2
Black or African American 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.0
AIAN 1.4 1.0 0.6 * 1.5 1.2 * 1.2 1.4 1.2
NHOPI 1.1 * * * 0.7 * * * * *
Asian 0.3 0.5 0.4 * 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.6
Two or More Races 1.4 1.8 1.0 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.2 1.5 1.6 2.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8 1.1
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 1.3 1.1 2.4 2.0 1.1 0.9
High School Graduate da da da da 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.5
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
College Graduate da da da da 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.0
Part-Time da da da da 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 2.8 3.2 2.8 2.0 2.8 3.8
Other1 da da da da 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.0 1.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
a The difference between this estimate and the 2019 estimate is statistically significant at the .05 level. Rounding may make the estimates appear identical.
1 The Other Employment category includes students, persons keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled persons, or other persons not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2018 and 2019.
200323
Table 1.62A – Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2018 and 2019
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2018)
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged
12-17
(2018)
Aged
12-17
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2018)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged
18-25
(2018)
Aged
18-25
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2018)
Aged 26+
(2019)
TOTAL 23,323 23,588 1,901 1,862 21,422 21,727 6,006 5,791 15,416 15,936
GENDER                    
Male 12,759 13,083 927 894 11,832 12,189 3,257 3,187 8,575 9,002
Female 10,564 10,505 975 968 9,590 9,537 2,748 2,604 6,841 6,934
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 19,421 19,544 1,390 1,375 18,031 18,169 4,884 4,620 13,147 13,550
White 15,567 15,577 1,027 994 14,540 14,584 3,831 3,617 10,709 10,967
Black or African American 2,214 2,231 199 220 2,015 2,011 527 470 1,488 1,541
AIAN 193 177 9a 31 184 146 39 46 145 100
NHOPI 114 61 * * 103 59 * * 68 40
Asian 776 802 73 38 703 763 264 253 439 510
Two or More Races 557 696 70 91 487 606 189 215 298 391
Hispanic or Latino 3,902 4,045 511 487 3,391 3,558 1,122 1,172 2,269 2,386
EDUCATION                    
< High School da da da da 2,331 2,461 718 681 1,612 1,780
High School Graduate da da da da 4,825 5,037 1,556 1,576 3,269 3,461
Some College/Associate's Degree da da da da 8,047 8,012 2,602 2,549 5,445 5,463
College Graduate da da da da 6,219 6,217 1,129 985 5,089 5,231
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                    
Full-Time da da da da 11,582 11,531 2,658 2,696 8,923 8,835
Part-Time da da da da 3,308 3,349 1,610 1,505