Table 1.1a. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Number, 20082018
Primary substance 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 2,054,398 2,032,187 1,912,668 1,913,794 1,828,130 1,760,061 1,646,456 1,695,522 1,767,571 1,915,212 1,935,541
Alcohol 841,806 837,711 765,756 740,865 701,738 646,975 586,946 559,598 570,042 570,594 569,998
Alcohol only 468,523 464,877 418,541 404,201 386,214 364,503 326,106 313,970 321,935 322,934 324,696
Alcohol w/ secondary drug 373,283 372,834 347,215 336,664 315,524 282,472 260,840 245,628 248,107 247,660 245,302
Opiates 411,340 439,154 443,797 486,973 489,962 511,412 508,457 578,832 602,985 652,150 650,212
Heroin 283,728 289,469 270,132 286,093 305,326 345,674 370,687 438,099 460,914 506,274 502,845
Other opiates/synthetics 127,612 149,685 173,665 200,880 184,636 165,738 137,770 140,733 142,071 145,876 147,367
Non-Rx methadone 6,425 6,411 6,576 6,947 6,109 5,294 4,438 4,221 3,365 3,386 3,030
Other opiates/synthetics 121,187 143,274 167,089 193,933 178,527 160,444 133,332 136,512 138,706 142,490 144,337
Cocaine 239,019 192,932 158,692 151,938 126,431 107,073 89,618 86,241 87,792 99,824 107,872
Smoked cocaine 170,265 138,245 111,797 104,767 86,354 72,392 58,882 55,456 53,697 59,257 63,012
Non-smoked cocaine 68,754 54,687 46,895 47,171 40,077 34,681 30,736 30,785 34,095 40,567 44,860
Marijuana/hashish 357,539 371,701 357,007 351,213 317,589 292,364 253,213 241,462 240,488 237,179 227,647
Stimulants 130,184 118,738 117,466 115,274 126,538 140,962 145,287 146,455 182,770 199,818 202,410
Methamphetamine 121,426 110,573 107,395 105,385 116,854 130,949 135,953 136,429 172,629 189,258 190,937
Other amphetamines 6,741 7,142 8,836 8,332 8,640 9,122 8,534 8,720 8,379 8,529 8,812
Other stimulants 2,017 1,023 1,235 1,557 1,044 891 800 1,306 1,762 2,031 2,661
Other drugs 35,200 40,755 43,668 43,160 40,866 38,672 34,747 39,003 43,681 45,748 44,705
Tranquilizers 13,452 15,620 17,309 19,360 18,260 16,254 15,494 16,031 18,139 19,646 18,684
Benzodiazepines 12,924 15,060 16,791 18,926 17,876 15,943 15,237 15,803 17,935 19,460 18,533
Other tranquilizers 528 560 518 434 384 311 257 228 204 186 151
Sedatives/hypnotics 4,950 5,339 4,444 4,006 3,512 3,418 2,924 3,258 3,150 3,200 3,023
Barbiturates 1,187 1,339 1,396 950 778 1,021 1,131 1,253 1,153 1,033 999
Other sedatives/hypnotics 3,763 4,000 3,048 3,056 2,734 2,397 1,793 2,005 1,997 2,167 2,024
Hallucinogens 1,898 1,865 1,778 1,996 2,163 2,187 1,907 2,150 2,104 2,182 2,261
Phencyclidine (PCP) 4,042 4,416 4,713 5,742 5,846 5,466 4,939 4,903 4,971 5,145 4,876
Inhalants 1,346 1,588 1,529 1,252 1,152 943 813 795 916 887 829
Over-the-counter 1,149 1,713 2,291 1,314 1,090 1,078 943 922 960 809 740
Other 8,363 10,214 11,604 9,490 8,843 9,326 7,727 10,944 13,441 13,879 14,292
None reported 39,310 31,196 26,282 24,371 25,006 22,603 28,188 43,931 39,813 109,899 132,697
NOTE: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 1.1b. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Column percent distribution, 20082018
Primary substance 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Alcohol 41.0 41.2 40.0 38.7 38.4 36.8 35.6 33.0 32.3 29.8 29.4
Alcohol only 22.8 22.9 21.9 21.1 21.1 20.7 19.8 18.5 18.2 16.9 16.8
Alcohol w/ secondary drug 18.2 18.3 18.2 17.6 17.3 16.0 15.8 14.5 14.0 12.9 12.7
Opiates 20.0 21.6 23.2 25.4 26.8 29.1 30.9 34.1 34.1 34.1 33.6
Heroin 13.8 14.2 14.1 14.9 16.7 19.6 22.5 25.8 26.1 26.4 26.0
Other opiates/synthetics 6.2 7.4 9.1 10.5 10.1 9.4 8.4 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.6
Non-Rx methadone 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Other opiates/synthetics 5.9 7.1 8.7 10.1 9.8 9.1 8.1 8.1 7.8 7.4 7.5
Cocaine 11.6 9.5 8.3 7.9 6.9 6.1 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.6
Smoked cocaine 8.3 6.8 5.8 5.5 4.7 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.3
Non-smoked cocaine 3.3 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.3
Marijuana/hashish 17.4 18.3 18.7 18.4 17.4 16.6 15.4 14.2 13.6 12.4 11.8
Stimulants 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.0 6.9 8.0 8.8 8.6 10.3 10.4 10.5
Methamphetamine 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 6.4 7.4 8.3 8.0 9.8 9.9 9.9
Other amphetamines 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Other stimulants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other drugs 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.3
Tranquilizers 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Benzodiazepines 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Other tranquilizers * * * * * * * * * * *
Sedatives/hypnotics 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Barbiturates 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Other sedatives/hypnotics 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Phencyclidine (PCP) 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 * 0.1 0.0 *
Over-the-counter 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * *
Other 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
None reported 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7 2.6 2.3 5.7 6.9
* Less than 0.05 percent.
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 1.2. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by concurrent use of alcohol and drugs: Number and column percent distribution, 20082018
Concurrent use of alcohol and drugs 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Number
Total 2,054,398 2,032,187 1,912,668 1,913,794 1,828,130 1,760,061 1,646,456 1,695,522 1,767,571 1,915,212 1,935,541
Drug primary 1,173,282 1,163,280 1,120,630 1,148,558 1,101,386 1,090,483 1,031,322 1,091,993 1,157,716 1,234,719 1,232,846
Drug only 772,884 777,562 762,453 804,794 784,578 802,363 774,037 847,890 905,605 987,286 1,007,077
Drug w/ secondary alcohol 400,398 385,718 358,177 343,764 316,808 288,120 257,285 244,103 252,111 247,433 225,769
Alcohol primary 841,806 837,711 765,756 740,865 701,738 646,975 586,946 559,598 570,042 570,594 569,998
Alcohol only 468,523 464,877 418,541 404,201 386,214 364,503 326,106 313,970 321,935 322,934 324,696
Alcohol w/ secondary drug 373,283 372,834 347,215 336,664 315,524 282,472 260,840 245,628 248,107 247,660 245,302
No primary substance reported 39,310 31,196 26,282 24,371 25,006 22,603 28,188 43,931 39,813 109,899 132,697
Column percent distribution
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Drug primary 57.1 57.2 58.6 60.0 60.2 62.0 62.6 64.4 65.5 64.5 63.7
Drug only 37.6 38.3 39.9 42.1 42.9 45.6 47.0 50.0 51.2 51.5 52.0
Drug w/ secondary alcohol 19.5 19.0 18.7 18.0 17.3 16.4 15.6 14.4 14.3 12.9 11.7
Alcohol primary 41.0 41.2 40.0 38.7 38.4 36.8 35.6 33.0 32.3 29.8 29.4
Alcohol only 22.8 22.9 21.9 21.1 21.1 20.7 19.8 18.5 18.2 16.9 16.8
Alcohol w/ secondary drug 18.2 18.3 18.2 17.6 17.3 16.0 15.8 14.5 14.0 12.9 12.7
No primary substance reported 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7 2.6 2.3 5.7 6.9
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 1.3a. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by gender and age at admission: Number and average age at admission, 20082018
Gender and age at admission 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 2,051,093 2,029,714 1,910,801 1,911,190 1,824,973 1,756,917 1,642,340 1,692,410 1,764,075 1,912,666 1,932,592
Gender
Male 1,384,376 1,374,640 1,280,442 1,270,967 1,212,435 1,165,293 1,086,818 1,107,133 1,148,057 1,233,362 1,241,380
Female 666,346 653,837 628,114 638,503 611,543 591,225 555,117 584,824 615,170 678,131 688,853
No. of admissions 2,050,722 2,028,477 1,908,556 1,909,470 1,823,978 1,756,518 1,641,935 1,691,957 1,763,227 1,911,493 1,930,233
Age at admission
12 years 2,125 1,812 1,611 1,876 1,819 1,501 1,054 846 893 1,161 891
13 years 6,974 6,568 6,146 6,504 5,993 5,010 3,718 3,164 2,912 3,126 2,604
14 years 16,698 16,466 15,194 15,808 13,728 11,680 8,709 7,770 7,230 7,239 6,501
15 years 33,054 32,635 29,804 30,769 26,205 22,135 17,234 15,203 14,325 14,102 12,099
16 years 47,350 47,927 43,027 43,483 36,681 30,718 24,156 22,063 20,725 20,099 16,995
17 years 51,019 50,861 45,612 46,473 39,146 32,755 25,483 23,876 22,733 21,663 18,627
18 years 38,237 38,394 34,576 32,560 29,116 24,992 19,680 18,003 17,575 17,142 15,142
19 years 45,614 46,754 43,092 39,212 35,445 31,260 25,160 22,958 22,298 22,311 19,820
20 years 52,524 53,939 51,923 49,307 44,216 39,138 32,735 30,221 28,806 28,028 25,153
21 to 24 years 242,720 246,834 237,062 235,044 225,502 218,565 196,179 187,654 185,422 178,665 160,983
25 to 29 years 303,667 309,105 297,197 298,621 291,402 290,786 283,168 299,940 322,293 345,290 334,708
30 to 34 years 232,477 237,250 235,991 248,469 250,727 254,098 248,359 264,423 287,528 317,548 326,262
35 to 39 years 238,451 220,415 196,752 186,013 178,628 179,016 178,481 195,171 219,404 253,513 269,881
40 to 44 years 256,144 235,240 209,817 203,036 185,967 169,885 153,974 153,493 153,920 170,132 181,902
45 to 49 years 235,529 229,451 209,769 203,557 187,615 171,723 155,579 157,550 157,442 169,612 169,476
50 to 54 years 145,030 147,762 143,270 151,282 148,544 145,946 139,350 145,369 145,025 157,351 160,123
55 to 59 years 66,592 69,267 70,470 76,372 78,602 80,034 80,644 89,549 94,825 111,965 124,177
60 to 64 years 23,895 25,600 26,414 29,566 31,233 32,791 33,807 38,454 42,193 50,730 59,640
65 to 69 years 8,422 8,585 8,652 8,727 9,630 10,024 10,273 11,772 13,176 16,250 19,565
70 to 74 years 2,922 3,118 2,926 3,029 3,337 3,317 3,038 3,225 3,490 4,562 5,611
75 years and older 1,649 1,731 1,496 1,482 1,437 1,543 1,559 1,706 1,860 2,177 2,432
No. of admissions 2,051,093 2,029,714 1,910,801 1,911,190 1,824,973 1,756,917 1,642,340 1,692,410 1,764,075 1,912,666 1,932,592
Average age at admission 34 yrs. 34 yrs. 34 yrs. 34 yrs. 35 yrs. 35 yrs. 35 yrs. 36 yrs. 36 yrs. 36 yrs. 37 yrs.
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 1.3b. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by gender and age at admission: Column percent distribution, 20082018, and 2018 U.S. population
aged 12 years and older
Gender and age at admission TEDS admissions U.S. pop.
aged 12 years
and older
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018
Gender
Male 67.5 67.8 67.1 66.6 66.5 66.3 66.2 65.4 65.1 64.5 64.3 49.0
Female 32.5 32.2 32.9 33.4 33.5 33.7 33.8 34.6 34.9 35.5 35.7 51.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Age at admission
12 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 1.5
13 years 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 1.5
14 years 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.5
15 years 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.5
16 years 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.5
17 years 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.5
18 years 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.6
19 years 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.5
20 years 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5
21 to 24 years 11.8 12.2 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.4 11.9 11.1 10.5 9.3 8.3 6.3
25 to 29 years 14.8 15.2 15.6 15.6 16.0 16.6 17.2 17.7 18.3 18.1 17.3 8.5
30 to 34 years 11.3 11.7 12.4 13.0 13.7 14.5 15.1 15.6 16.3 16.6 16.9 8.0
35 to 39 years 11.6 10.9 10.3 9.7 9.8 10.2 10.9 11.5 12.4 13.3 14.0 7.7
40 to 44 years 12.5 11.6 11.0 10.6 10.2 9.7 9.4 9.1 8.7 8.9 9.4 7.1
45 to 49 years 11.5 11.3 11.0 10.7 10.3 9.8 9.5 9.3 8.9 8.9 8.8 7.5
50 to 54 years 7.1 7.3 7.5 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.2 8.2 8.3 7.5
55 to 59 years 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.3 5.4 5.9 6.4 7.9
60 to 64 years 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.7 3.1 7.3
65 to 69 years 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 6.1
70 to 74 years 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 4.8
75 years and older 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 7.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab). Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCES: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19. Population: U.S. Census Bureau: Monthly Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 20, June, 2019, retrieved from https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2018/national/asrh/nc-est2018-alldata-r-File18.csv.

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Table 1.4a. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by race and ethnicity: Number, 20082018, and 2018 U.S. population aged 12 years and older
Race and ethnicity TEDS admissions   U.S. pop.
aged 12 years
and older
(thousands)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018
Total 2,051,093 2,029,714 1,910,801 1,911,190 1,824,973 1,756,917 1,642,340 1,692,410 1,764,075 1,912,666 1,932,592 278,286
Race
American Indian or Alaska Native 47,046 46,414 45,653 45,526 45,222 45,340 42,915 40,883 43,399 47,629 53,697 3,370
Asian1 13,638 13,447 12,555 12,982 12,635 12,623 12,000 12,131 12,687 13,452 11,675 16,721
Black or African American 437,950 426,775 402,016 402,039 362,022 334,880 296,667 326,511 306,058 345,300 362,592 36,397
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7,545 7,518 8,630 8,310 7,490 7,191 7,155 8,016 7,488 7,357 6,887 651
White 1,298,304 1,277,936 1,243,418 1,253,760 1,218,870 1,179,427 1,090,018 1,107,697 1,172,989 1,260,761 1,252,225 215,023
Other 200,399 194,364 178,822 170,944 161,563 159,592 158,656 160,791 180,201 188,962 169,827 6,123
Total 2,004,882 1,966,454 1,891,094 1,893,561 1,807,802 1,739,053 1,607,411 1,656,029 1,722,822 1,863,461 1,856,903 278,286
Ethnicity
Specific Hispanic or Latino origin 278,837 271,509 257,916 257,073 250,909 246,926 244,604 234,591 246,563 261,846 253,898 47,243
Mexican 117,038 110,750 86,149 81,039 82,953 82,426 81,965 75,854 82,212 83,028 68,996 n/a
Puerto Rican 74,391 72,519 69,413 70,987 67,832 66,057 62,280 61,691 61,709 63,140 63,931 n/a
Cuban 4,725 4,781 4,503 6,710 5,359 3,946 3,538 3,105 3,134 3,647 5,171 n/a
Other 82,683 83,459 97,851 98,337 94,765 94,497 96,821 93,941 99,508 112,031 115,800 n/a
Not of Hispanic or Latino origin 1,709,578 1,681,544 1,618,177 1,622,435 1,550,822 1,489,309 1,375,967 1,425,091 1,464,649 1,590,764 1,599,341 231,043
Total 1,988,415 1,953,053 1,876,093 1,879,508 1,801,731 1,736,235 1,620,571 1,659,682 1,711,212 1,852,610 1,853,239   278,286
n/a Not applicable.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab).
SOURCES: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19. Population: U.S. Census Bureau, NC-EST2018-ALLDATA: Monthly Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 20, June, 2019, retrieved from https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2018/national/asrh/nc-est2018-alldata-r-File18.csv.

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Table 1.4b. Admissions aged 12 years and older, by race and ethnicity: Column percent distribution, 20082018, and 2018 U.S. population aged 12 years and older
Race and ethnicity TEDS admissions   U.S. pop.
aged 12 years
and older
(thousands)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018
Total 2,051,093 2,029,714 1,910,801 1,911,190 1,824,973 1,756,917 1,642,340 1,692,410 1,764,075 1,912,666 1,932,592 278,286
Race
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.9 1.2
Asian1 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 6.0
Black or African American 21.8 21.7 21.3 21.2 20.0 19.3 18.5 19.7 17.8 18.5 19.5 13.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2
White 64.8 65.0 65.8 66.2 67.4 67.8 67.8 66.9 68.1 67.7 67.4 77.3
Other 10.0 9.9 9.5 9.0 8.9 9.2 9.9 9.7 10.5 10.1 9.1 2.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Ethnicity
Specific Hispanic or Latino origin 14.0 13.9 13.7 13.7 13.9 14.2 15.1 14.1 14.4 14.1 13.7 17.0
Mexican 5.9 5.7 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.7 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.5 3.7 n/a
Puerto Rican 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.4 n/a
Cuban 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 n/a
Other 4.2 4.3 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 n/a
Not of Hispanic or Latino origin 86.0 86.1 86.3 86.3 86.1 85.8 84.9 85.9 85.6 85.9 86.3 83.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
n/a Not applicable.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab). Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCES: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19. Population: U.S. Census Bureau, NC-EST2018-ALLDATA: Monthly Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 20, June, 2019, retrieved from https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets/2010-2018/national/asrh/nc-est2018-alldata-r-File18.csv.

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Table 1.5a. Admissions aged 18 years and older, by employment status, number and column percent distribution: 20082018, and 2018 U.S. population aged 18 years and older
Employment status TEDS admissions (number)   U.S. population (number, in thousands)
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018
No. of admissions 1,893,873 1,873,445 1,769,407 1,766,277 1,701,401 1,653,118 1,561,986 1,619,488 1,695,257 1,845,276 1,874,875 248,873
Employment status
Employed 539,555 452,419 400,868 385,479 381,461 383,818 370,335 392,412 415,407 429,528 435,519 153,923
Full time 396,627 310,096 267,300 258,593 257,461 258,812 250,134 269,917 291,005 305,575 314,681 128,342
Part time 142,928 142,323 133,568 126,886 124,000 125,006 120,201 122,495 124,402 123,953 120,838 25,581
Unemployed 700,471 762,707 733,300 728,356 688,363 664,630 620,983 616,322 627,781 648,429 631,584 6,019
Not in labor force 631,656 636,730 607,151 603,943 587,890 582,114 547,750 581,768 567,784 589,477 585,063 88,931
Total 1,871,682 1,851,856 1,741,319 1,717,778 1,657,714 1,630,562 1,539,068 1,590,502 1,610,972 1,667,434 1,652,166 248,873
TEDS admissions (column percent) U.S. population (column percent)
Employed 28.8 24.4 23.0 22.4 23.0 23.5 24.1 24.7 25.8 25.8 26.4 61.8
Full time 21.2 16.7 15.4 15.1 15.5 15.9 16.3 17.0 18.1 18.3 19.0 51.6
Part time 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.3 10.3
Unemployed 37.4 41.2 42.1 42.4 41.5 40.8 40.3 38.8 39.0 38.9 38.2 2.4
Not in labor force 33.7 34.4 34.9 35.2 35.5 35.7 35.6 36.6 35.2 35.4 35.4 35.7
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0   100.0
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab). Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCES: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19. Employment: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, retrieved February 14, 2020 from https://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_aa2018.htm.

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Table 1.5b. Admissions aged 18 years and older per 100,000 population, by employment status: 20082018, adjusted for age, gender, and race/ethnicity
Employment status TEDS admissions per 100,000 population aged 18 years and older
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
All admissions 843 826 773 765 726 698 653 669 693 750 753
Employment status
Employed 240 199 175 167 163 162 155 162 170 175 175
Full time 177 137 117 112 110 109 105 112 119 124 126
Part time 64 63 58 55 53 53 50 51 51 50 49
Unemployed 312 336 320 315 294 281 260 255 257 264 254
Not in labor force 281 281 265 262 251 246 229 240 232 240 235
Employment status TEDS admissions per 100,000 population aged 18 years and older, adjusted for age, gender, and race/ethnicity1
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Employment status
Employed 213 176 161 156 154 154 146 154 163 166 168
Full time 157 121 108 105 105 104 99 106 115 119 121
Part time 56 55 53 51 50 50 47 48 48 48 46
Unemployed 274 293 292 293 276 264 244 239 239 245 240
Not in labor force 253 253 243 243 235 231 216 228 219 226 224
Total 740 722 696 692 665 649 606 622 621 637 632
1 Adjusted for age, gender, and race/ethnicity to the 2010 U.S. resident population.
NOTE: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions (excluding Puerto Rico, due to insufficient Census data necessary for Tables 1.3ab, 1.4, and 1.5ab).
SOURCES: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19. U.S. Census Bureau, NC-EST 2009 TO 2018-ALLDATA: Monthly Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 20, June, 2019, retrieved from https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/datasets. Employment: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, retrieved February 14, 2020, from https://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_aa2018.htm.

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Table 2.1a. Gender and age at admission among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Number and average age at admission, 2018
Gender and age at admission All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Meth-
amphet-
amine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
second-
ary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Gender
Male 1,243,958 227,221 175,302 321,116 77,597 36,752 30,082 158,603 110,571 10,937 1,430 1,609 3,046 501 89,191
Female 689,224 97,360 69,911 181,603 69,740 26,244 14,753 68,962 89,083 7,742 1,593 651 1,829 328 59,425
No. of admissions 1,933,182 324,581 245,213 502,719 147,337 62,996 44,835 227,565 199,654 18,679 3,023 2,260 4,875 829 148,616
Age at admission
12 years 891 42 21 1 4 - - 3 398 6 2 1 - - - - 1 412
13 years 2,604 99 115 - - 9 4 9 1,671 16 27 7 - - - - 7 640
14 years 6,501 152 218 14 35 6 15 4,894 91 62 13 10 - - 4 987
15 years 12,101 286 489 29 74 14 65 9,388 256 134 28 34 1 11 1,292
16 years 16,999 417 798 81 149 39 123 13,159 508 237 43 41 - - 10 1,394
17 years 18,629 620 1,051 286 199 59 215 13,564 829 303 58 42 2 17 1,384
18 years 15,151 873 1,162 950 431 95 331 8,108 1,183 363 46 64 3 5 1,537
19 years 19,838 1,245 1,755 2,309 783 146 458 8,496 2,213 532 66 66 5 11 1,753
20 years 25,191 1,632 2,286 4,135 1,172 342 688 8,982 3,010 638 55 86 11 17 2,137
21 to 24 years 161,180 14,242 16,948 41,321 10,729 2,122 3,855 36,109 20,027 2,344 241 291 178 93 12,680
25 to 29 years 334,946 32,744 34,080 110,171 30,822 5,628 7,751 42,452 40,622 3,573 414 472 835 170 25,212
30 to 34 years 326,605 39,815 36,870 101,380 33,257 6,994 7,573 29,463 41,718 3,359 387 397 1,267 124 24,001
35 to 39 years 270,315 42,174 34,747 72,897 25,407 7,482 6,692 20,824 35,397 2,502 276 308 1,241 130 20,238
40 to 44 years 182,268 36,690 26,078 43,867 14,153 6,910 4,824 11,552 21,537 1,389 211 194 644 72 14,147
45 to 49 years 169,845 41,134 27,098 40,323 10,462 9,715 4,295 7,563 14,967 1,102 161 114 342 65 12,504
50 to 54 years 160,465 43,831 28,408 37,089 8,233 11,050 3,790 5,458 9,660 863 139 76 196 36 11,636
55 to 59 years 124,446 38,709 21,665 26,797 6,445 8,166 2,640 3,569 5,482 693 127 51 123 30 9,949
60 to 64 years 59,802 19,551 8,764 14,555 3,472 3,242 1,118 1,442 1,792 383 102 11 26 17 5,327
65 to 69 years 19,672 6,824 2,147 5,324 1,162 815 337 443 350 119 135 4 1 8 2,003
70 to 74 years 5,647 2,582 480 1,039 282 149 62 82 62 45 156 - - 1 - - 707
75 years and older 2,445 1,034 122 277 87 34 16 30 23 14 357 - - - - 1 450
No. of admissions 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Average age at admission 37 yrs. 43 yrs. 40 yrs. 37 yrs. 36 yrs. 44 yrs. 37 yrs. 28 yrs. 35 yrs. 33 yrs. 43 yrs. 31 yrs. 36 yrs. 34 yrs. 37 yrs.
- - Quantity is zero.
NOTE: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 2.1b. Gender and age at admission among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Column percent distribution and average age at admission, 2018
Gender and age at admission All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Meth-
amphet-
amine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
second-
ary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Gender        
Male 64.3 70.0 71.5 63.9 52.7 58.3 67.1 69.7 55.4 58.6 47.3 71.2 62.5 60.4 60.0
Female 35.7 30.0 28.5 36.1 47.3 41.7 32.9 30.3 44.6 41.4 52.7 28.8 37.5 39.6 40.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions 1,933,182 324,581 245,213 502,719 147,337 62,996 44,835 227,565 199,654 18,679 3,023 2,260 4,875 829 148,616
Age at admission        
12 years * * * * * - - * 0.2 * * * - - - - 0.1 0.3
13 years 0.1 * * - - * * * 0.7 * 0.1 0.2 - - - - 0.8 0.4
14 years 0.3 * 0.1 * * * * 2.1 * 0.3 0.4 0.4 - - 0.5 0.7
15 years 0.6 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 * 0.1 4.1 0.1 0.7 0.9 1.5 * 1.3 0.9
16 years 0.9 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.3 5.8 0.3 1.3 1.4 1.8 - - 1.2 0.9
17 years 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 6.0 0.4 1.6 1.9 1.9 * 2.1 0.9
18 years 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.7 3.6 0.6 1.9 1.5 2.8 0.1 0.6 1.0
19 years 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.2 1.0 3.7 1.1 2.8 2.2 2.9 0.1 1.3 1.2
20 years 1.3 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.5 1.5 3.9 1.5 3.4 1.8 3.8 0.2 2.1 1.4
21 to 24 years 8.3 4.4 6.9 8.2 7.3 3.4 8.6 15.9 10.0 12.5 8.0 12.9 3.7 11.2 8.4
25 to 29 years 17.3 10.1 13.9 21.9 20.9 8.9 17.3 18.6 20.3 19.1 13.7 20.9 17.1 20.5 16.8
30 to 34 years 16.9 12.3 15.0 20.2 22.6 11.1 16.9 12.9 20.9 18.0 12.8 17.6 26.0 15.0 16.0
35 to 39 years 14.0 13.0 14.2 14.5 17.2 11.9 14.9 9.1 17.7 13.4 9.1 13.6 25.5 15.7 13.5
40 to 44 years 9.4 11.3 10.6 8.7 9.6 11.0 10.8 5.1 10.8 7.4 7.0 8.6 13.2 8.7 9.4
45 to 49 years 8.8 12.7 11.0 8.0 7.1 15.4 9.6 3.3 7.5 5.9 5.3 5.0 7.0 7.8 8.3
50 to 54 years 8.3 13.5 11.6 7.4 5.6 17.5 8.4 2.4 4.8 4.6 4.6 3.4 4.0 4.3 7.7
55 to 59 years 6.4 11.9 8.8 5.3 4.4 13.0 5.9 1.6 2.7 3.7 4.2 2.3 2.5 3.6 6.6
60 to 64 years 3.1 6.0 3.6 2.9 2.4 5.1 2.5 0.6 0.9 2.0 3.4 0.5 0.5 2.1 3.5
65 to 69 years 1.0 2.1 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.6 4.5 0.2 * 1.0 1.3
70 to 74 years 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * * 0.2 5.2 - - * - - 0.5
75 years and older 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 11.8 - - - - 0.1 0.3
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Average age at admission 37 yrs. 43 yrs. 40 yrs. 37 yrs. 36 yrs. 44 yrs. 37 yrs. 28 yrs. 35 yrs. 33 yrs. 43 yrs. 31 yrs. 36 yrs. 34 yrs. 37 yrs.
- - Quantity is zero; * Less than 0.05 percent.
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 2.1c. Gender and age at admission among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Row percent distribution, 2018
Gender and age at admission No. of
admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission Total
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
second-
ary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 16.8 12.7 26.0 7.6 3.3 2.3 11.8 10.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 7.8 100.0
Gender          
Male 1,243,958 18.3 14.1 25.8 6.2 3.0 2.4 12.7 8.9 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 7.2 100.0
Female 689,224 14.1 10.1 26.3 10.1 3.8 2.1 10.0 12.9 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 8.6 100.0
Age at admission          
12 years 891 4.7 2.4 0.1 0.4 - - 0.3 44.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 - - - - 0.1 46.2 100.0
13 years 2,604 3.8 4.4 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.3 64.2 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.0 - - 0.3 24.6 100.0
14 years 6,501 2.3 3.4 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 75.3 1.4 1.0 0.2 0.2 - - 0.1 15.2 100.0
15 years 12,101 2.4 4.0 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.5 77.6 2.1 1.1 0.2 0.3 * 0.1 10.7 100.0
16 years 16,999 2.5 4.7 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.7 77.4 3.0 1.4 0.3 0.2 - - 0.1 8.2 100.0
17 years 18,629 3.3 5.6 1.5 1.1 0.3 1.2 72.8 4.5 1.6 0.3 0.2 * 0.1 7.4 100.0
18 years 15,151 5.8 7.7 6.3 2.8 0.6 2.2 53.5 7.8 2.4 0.3 0.4 * * 10.1 100.0
19 years 19,838 6.3 8.8 11.6 3.9 0.7 2.3 42.8 11.2 2.7 0.3 0.3 * 0.1 8.8 100.0
20 years 25,191 6.5 9.1 16.4 4.7 1.4 2.7 35.7 11.9 2.5 0.2 0.3 * 0.1 8.5 100.0
21 to 24 years 161,180 8.8 10.5 25.6 6.7 1.3 2.4 22.4 12.4 1.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 7.9 100.0
25 to 29 years 334,946 9.8 10.2 32.9 9.2 1.7 2.3 12.7 12.1 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 7.5 100.0
30 to 34 years 326,605 12.2 11.3 31.0 10.2 2.1 2.3 9.0 12.8 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 7.3 100.0
35 to 39 years 270,315 15.6 12.9 27.0 9.4 2.8 2.5 7.7 13.1 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.5 * 7.5 100.0
40 to 44 years 182,268 20.1 14.3 24.1 7.8 3.8 2.6 6.3 11.8 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 7.8 100.0
45 to 49 years 169,845 24.2 16.0 23.7 6.2 5.7 2.5 4.5 8.8 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 7.4 100.0
50 to 54 years 160,465 27.3 17.7 23.1 5.1 6.9 2.4 3.4 6.0 0.5 0.1 * 0.1 * 7.3 100.0
55 to 59 years 124,446 31.1 17.4 21.5 5.2 6.6 2.1 2.9 4.4 0.6 0.1 * 0.1 * 8.0 100.0
60 to 64 years 59,802 32.7 14.7 24.3 5.8 5.4 1.9 2.4 3.0 0.6 0.2 * * * 8.9 100.0
65 to 69 years 19,672 34.7 10.9 27.1 5.9 4.1 1.7 2.3 1.8 0.6 0.7 * * * 10.2 100.0
70 to 74 years 5,647 45.7 8.5 18.4 5.0 2.6 1.1 1.5 1.1 0.8 2.8 - - * - - 12.5 100.0
75 years and older 2,445 42.3 5.0 11.3 3.6 1.4 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 14.6 - - - - * 18.4 100.0
- - Quantity is zero; * Less than 0.05 percent.
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 2.2a. Race and ethnicity among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Number, 2018
Race and ethnicity All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
second-
ary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Race        
American Indian or Alaska Native 53,711 14,039 8,814 5,406 2,214 465 448 4,443 7,806 109 33 43 35 32 9,824
Asian1 11,675 2,605 1,086 2,040 572 206 251 1,438 1,953 131 25 21 14 1 1,332
Black or African American 362,634 50,104 58,810 84,068 13,303 31,444 13,286 74,708 10,184 1,525 216 701 3,226 57 21,002
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 6,887 852 699 1,591 367 158 133 855 1,659 56 9 4 34 4 466
White 1,252,384 219,016 146,773 351,149 117,489 25,673 24,673 112,892 150,466 14,944 2,467 1,263 859 628 84,092
Other 172,329 27,568 22,725 47,653 7,050 4,203 4,847 27,043 20,883 1,703 202 145 615 73 7,619
Total 1,859,620 314,184 238,907 491,907 140,995 62,149 43,638 221,379 192,951 18,468 2,952 2,177 4,783 795 124,335
Ethnicity        
Specific Hispanic or Latino origin 256,806 44,386 33,065 66,436 12,318 5,623 7,896 41,618 30,731 2,257 342 251 911 126 10,846
Mexican 68,996 13,466 8,732 11,769 2,135 505 1,120 11,177 16,439 285 102 49 72 34 3,111
Puerto Rican 66,786 7,310 9,065 30,945 2,368 2,166 2,513 8,558 1,045 836 52 78 538 31 1,281
Cuban 5,185 747 463 984 245 330 355 1,196 330 78 7 7 14 - - 429
Other 115,839 22,863 14,805 22,738 7,570 2,622 3,908 20,687 12,917 1,058 181 117 287 61 6,025
Not of Hispanic or Latino origin 1,599,368 270,779 205,912 424,450 127,422 56,065 35,596 178,824 162,716 16,120 2,595 1,922 3,864 668 112,435
Total 1,856,174 315,165 238,977 490,886 139,740 61,688 43,492 220,442 193,447 18,377 2,937 2,173 4,775 794 123,281
- - Quantity is zero.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
NOTE: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

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Table 2.2b. Race and ethnicity among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Column percent distribution, 2018
Race and ethnicity All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Race        
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.9 4.5 3.7 1.1 1.6 0.7 1.0 2.0 4.0 0.6 1.1 2.0 0.7 4.0 7.9
Asian1 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.1 1.1
Black or African American 19.5 15.9 24.6 17.1 9.4 50.6 30.4 33.7 5.3 8.3 7.3 32.2 67.4 7.2 16.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.5 0.4
White 67.3 69.7 61.4 71.4 83.3 41.3 56.5 51.0 78.0 80.9 83.6 58.0 18.0 79.0 67.6
Other 9.3 8.8 9.5 9.7 5.0 6.8 11.1 12.2 10.8 9.2 6.8 6.7 12.9 9.2 6.1
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Ethnicity        
Specific Hispanic or Latino origin 13.8 14.1 13.8 13.5 8.8 9.1 18.2 18.9 15.9 12.3 11.6 11.6 19.1 15.9 8.8
Mexican 3.7 4.3 3.7 2.4 1.5 0.8 2.6 5.1 8.5 1.6 3.5 2.3 1.5 4.3 2.5
Puerto Rican 3.6 2.3 3.8 6.3 1.7 3.5 5.8 3.9 0.5 4.5 1.8 3.6 11.3 3.9 1.0
Cuban 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 - - 0.3
Other 6.2 7.3 6.2 4.6 5.4 4.3 9.0 9.4 6.7 5.8 6.2 5.4 6.0 7.7 4.9
Not of Hispanic or Latino origin 86.2 85.9 86.2 86.5 91.2 90.9 81.8 81.1 84.1 87.7 88.4 88.4 80.9 84.1 91.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
- - Quantity is zero.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

To Table of Contents

Table 2.2c. Race and ethnicity among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Row percent distribution, 2018
Race and ethnicity All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Total
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
All admissions 1,856,174 16.8 12.7 26.0 7.6 3.3 2.3 11.8 10.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 7.8 100.0
Race        
American Indian or Alaska Native 53,711 26.1 16.4 10.1 4.1 0.9 0.8 8.3 14.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 18.3 100.0
Asian1 11,675 22.3 9.3 17.5 4.9 1.8 2.1 12.3 16.7 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 * 11.4 100.0
Black or African American 362,634 13.8 16.2 23.2 3.7 8.7 3.7 20.6 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.9 * 5.8 100.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 6,887 12.4 10.1 23.1 5.3 2.3 1.9 12.4 24.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 6.8 100.0
White 1,252,384 17.5 11.7 28.0 9.4 2.0 2.0 9.0 12.0 1.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 6.7 100.0
Other 172,329 16.0 13.2 27.7 4.1 2.4 2.8 15.7 12.1 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 4.4 100.0
Total 1,859,620 16.9 12.8 26.5 7.6 3.3 2.3 11.9 10.4 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 6.7 100.0
Ethnicity        
Specific Hispanic or Latino origin 256,806 17.3 12.9 25.9 4.8 2.2 3.1 16.2 12.0 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 4.2 100.0
Mexican 68,996 19.5 12.7 17.1 3.1 0.7 1.6 16.2 23.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 4.5 100.0
Puerto Rican 66,786 10.9 13.6 46.3 3.5 3.2 3.8 12.8 1.6 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.8 * 1.9 100.0
Cuban 5,185 14.4 8.9 19.0 4.7 6.4 6.8 23.1 6.4 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 - - 8.3 100.0
Other 115,839 19.7 12.8 19.6 6.5 2.3 3.4 17.9 11.2 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 5.2 100.0
Not of Hispanic or Latino origin 1,599,368 16.9 12.9 26.5 8.0 3.5 2.2 11.2 10.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 * 7.0 100.0
Total 1,856,174 17.0 12.9 26.4 7.5 3.3 2.3 11.9 10.4 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 6.6 100.0
- - Quantity is zero; * Less than 0.05 percent.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

To Table of Contents

Table 2.3a. Selected race, ethnicity, gender, and age group among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Number, 2018
Selected race, ethnicity, gender, and age group All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Race            
American Indian or
Alaska Native male
31,561 9,782 5,783 2,706 953 232 282 2,773 3,381 56 16 26 17 14 5,540
12 to 17 years 779 21 97 7 9 1 2 537 27 4 - - 1 - - 2 71
18 to 20 years 1,108 137 135 37 21 3 14 401 117 5 1 4 1 - - 232
21 to 24 years 2,532 414 450 281 93 11 24 421 355 16 3 6 - - 2 456
25 to 29 years 4,842 1,038 844 663 210 19 46 507 671 11 4 5 2 3 819
30 to 34 years 5,157 1,318 1,030 568 236 38 42 294 687 8 3 2 4 5 922
35 to 39 years 4,366 1,276 889 316 155 25 43 260 575 8 2 2 4 - - 811
40 to 44 years 3,340 1,245 581 219 81 40 26 131 378 2 1 3 5 - - 628
45 years and older 9,437 4,333 1,757 615 148 95 85 222 571 2 2 3 1 2 1,601
American Indian or
Alaska Native female
22,139 4,255 3,030 2,699 1,260 233 166 1,669 4,422 53 17 17 18 18 4,282
12 to 17 years 676 42 121 6 5 - - 4 376 36 6 2 - - - - - - 78
18 to 20 years 793 89 103 82 29 2 6 145 171 2 - - 2 - - 2 160
21 to 24 years 2,138 256 261 341 108 13 21 256 525 5 1 - - 1 2 348
25 to 29 years 4,441 584 499 699 301 30 22 310 1,197 8 5 5 2 2 777
30 to 34 years 4,321 689 623 626 251 33 38 223 1,011 9 3 - - 5 3 807
35 to 39 years 3,374 674 479 361 227 46 25 152 671 7 2 4 8 1 717
40 to 44 years 2,303 617 349 219 107 33 19 85 377 8 - - 1 1 4 483
45 years and older 4,093 1,304 595 365 232 76 31 122 434 8 4 5 1 4 912
Asian1 male 8,483 2,079 845 1,476 401 144 192 1,101 1,350 89 17 18 8 1 762
12 to 17 years 415 14 17 1 3 - - 4 304 15 8 4 1 - - - - 44
18 to 20 years 366 44 23 29 6 - - 13 170 21 16 - - 2 - - - - 42
21 to 24 years 811 158 95 124 42 17 22 176 87 19 1 6 1 - - 63
25 to 29 years 1,529 268 175 393 110 15 46 165 194 20 4 4 6 1 128
30 to 34 years 1,535 313 158 350 81 17 36 107 332 18 4 1 - - - - 118
35 to 39 years 1,270 327 136 244 52 9 26 97 265 5 3 3 1 - - 102
40 to 44 years 799 258 83 96 42 16 19 43 183 2 1 1 - - - - 55
45 years and older 1,758 697 158 239 65 70 26 39 253 1 - - - - - - - - 210
Asian1 female 3,176 522 240 564 171 61 57 337 602 42 8 3 6 - - 563
12 to 17 years 197 13 11 3 1 - - - - 107 11 1 2 1 - - - - 47
18 to 20 years 144 18 10 21 3 - - 4 45 17 6 1 - - - - - - 19
21 to 24 years 328 34 39 72 10 - - 5 48 51 6 3 1 1 - - 58
25 to 29 years 596 60 53 135 28 4 10 61 142 7 - - 1 - - - - 95
30 to 34 years 586 93 28 129 45 17 12 28 141 6 1 - - 2 - - 84
35 to 39 years 503 94 48 90 29 18 8 27 121 7 - - - - 1 - - 60
40 to 44 years 304 74 17 47 18 9 9 12 64 3 1 - - 1 - - 49
45 years and older 518 136 34 67 37 13 9 9 55 6 - - - - 1 - - 151
Black or African
American male
255,879 37,422 44,339 57,301 7,338 19,851 9,587 55,526 6,952 956 133 517 2,050 35 13,872
12 to 17 years 9,338 86 125 11 31 12 11 7,917 29 22 6 9 - - 2 1,077
18 to 20 years 7,222 200 384 183 165 35 53 5,326 140 96 15 14 6 1 604
21 to 24 years 16,587 1,212 1,711 1,462 751 197 391 8,841 527 173 12 48 45 4 1,213
25 to 29 years 30,462 3,429 4,063 4,205 1,685 694 1,064 11,371 1,275 194 31 116 245 11 2,079
30 to 34 years 27,992 4,223 4,545 4,065 1,237 1,027 1,268 7,676 1,397 118 16 109 469 4 1,838
35 to 39 years 26,015 4,504 4,922 3,710 888 1,321 1,317 5,750 1,230 74 11 89 572 6 1,621
40 to 44 years 21,672 3,893 4,142 4,443 564 1,693 1,159 3,392 817 48 7 60 356 2 1,096
45 years and older 116,591 19,875 24,447 39,222 2,017 14,872 4,324 5,253 1,537 231 35 72 357 5 4,344
Black or African
American female
106,673 12,672 14,459 26,758 5,959 11,588 3,690 19,173 3,225 568 83 184 1,175 22 7,117
12 to 17 years 2,898 92 67 5 14 2 9 2,118 17 11 2 1 1 1 558
18 to 20 years 2,727 117 175 143 52 49 60 1,651 123 27 2 5 1 - - 322
21 to 24 years 8,002 699 854 763 405 293 284 3,546 424 59 8 19 41 3 604
25 to 29 years 16,141 1,786 1,843 2,176 1,288 884 760 4,914 859 109 15 45 221 9 1,232
30 to 34 years 14,284 1,883 1,918 2,169 1,240 1,086 694 2,971 702 81 8 38 346 1 1,147
35 to 39 years 11,878 1,815 1,798 2,009 934 1,176 531 1,827 554 76 9 37 319 3 790
40 to 44 years 9,050 1,331 1,462 2,201 526 1,266 350 867 254 46 15 20 123 3 586
45 years and older 41,693 4,949 6,342 17,292 1,500 6,832 1,002 1,279 292 159 24 19 123 2 1,878
Native Hawaiian or Other
Pacific Islander male
4,770 637 525 1,114 216 103 92 618 1,120 41 4 3 20 2 275
12 to 17 years 226 5 19 - - 2 1 1 170 10 2 - - - - - - - - 16
18 to 20 years 155 8 20 5 4 4 3 66 28 6 - - - - - - - - 11
21 to 24 years 434 46 39 97 24 4 8 90 86 7 - - - - - - 2 31
25 to 29 years 844 101 86 233 53 15 23 104 157 3 2 1 3 - - 63
30 to 34 years 814 77 88 225 49 14 11 59 221 5 1 - - 9 - - 55
35 to 39 years 697 100 82 154 31 14 15 43 222 9 - - - - 3 - - 24
40 to 44 years 516 67 53 122 19 17 13 33 158 5 - - 1 1 - - 27
45 years and older 1,084 233 138 278 34 34 18 53 238 4 1 1 4 - - 48
Native Hawaiian or Other
Pacific Islander female
2,113 215 173 477 151 55 41 236 537 15 5 1 14 2 191
12 to 17 years 153 16 25 - - 1 - - - - 80 13 1 - - - - - - - - 17
18 to 20 years 56 2 3 10 6 1 2 13 13 - - - - - - - - - - 6
21 to 24 years 193 18 15 66 8 2 4 25 45 - - - - - - 1 1 8
25 to 29 years 428 27 32 110 29 10 11 50 100 4 - - - - 3 - - 52
30 to 34 years 407 35 39 104 34 13 7 27 108 6 - - - - 5 - - 29
35 to 39 years 356 33 23 96 30 7 7 16 114 3 - - - - 5 1 21
40 to 44 years 188 23 10 41 22 5 4 10 54 - - - - 1 - - - - 18
45 years and older 332 61 26 50 21 17 6 15 90 1 5 - - - - - - 40
White male 770,715 148,595 101,893 214,618 61,042 13,260 15,449 74,473 81,686 8,464 1104 877 480 377 48,397
12 to 17 years 21,465 575 997 136 206 51 175 16,592 565 411 70 74 1 30 1,582
18 to 20 years 23,663 1,647 2,387 2,965 1,081 223 637 9,665 2,515 843 89 129 5 15 1,462
21 to 24 years 62,583 6,080 7,710 18,221 4,228 655 1,513 11,352 7,560 1,175 114 126 30 46 3,773
25 to 29 years 137,152 14,117 15,139 54,138 12,301 1,493 2,759 11,985 14,992 1,611 164 166 103 67 8,117
30 to 34 years 136,469 16,933 16,177 50,864 13,758 1,837 2,578 8,575 15,858 1,514 147 130 116 59 7,923
35 to 39 years 112,466 18,254 14,925 35,355 10,882 1,935 2,314 6,181 14,535 1,101 102 103 92 60 6,627
40 to 44 years 74,792 16,371 11,027 19,269 6,131 1,647 1,680 3,582 9,630 606 87 54 52 34 4,622
45 years and older 202,125 74,618 33,531 33,670 12,455 5,419 3,793 6,541 16,031 1,203 331 95 81 66 14,291
White female 481,257 70,364 44,831 136,466 56,427 12,409 9,216 38,374 68,738 6,478 1363 385 379 251 35,576
12 to 17 years 10,015 410 703 197 122 34 146 6,328 662 169 25 24 - - 11 1,184
18 to 20 years 14,374 901 1,178 3,105 706 200 475 3,921 2,408 337 35 33 2 9 1,064
21 to 24 years 44,379 3,160 3,426 15,355 3,810 696 997 5,849 7,478 615 66 55 18 22 2,832
25 to 29 years 97,093 6,892 7,059 37,026 11,911 1,889 1,924 7,400 15,277 1,306 146 80 93 57 6,033
30 to 34 years 95,927 9,068 7,791 32,476 13,420 2,217 1,875 5,786 15,514 1,317 178 82 127 36 6,040
35 to 39 years 74,297 9,659 7,267 21,332 10,090 2,154 1,472 3,868 12,176 978 114 39 85 43 5,020
40 to 44 years 44,389 8,225 5,011 10,398 5,474 1,534 848 2,104 6,643 542 78 34 22 17 3,459
45 years and older 100,783 32,049 12,396 16,577 10,894 3,685 1,479 3,118 8,580 1,214 721 38 32 56 9,944
Other male 123,622 20,984 17,275 36,612 4,070 2,657 3,634 19,719 12,140 1,215 123 105 408 48 4,632
Other female 48,575 6,571 5,441 11,014 2,978 1,543 1,209 7,308 8,719 487 79 40 207 25 2,954
Total 1,858,963 314,098 238,834 491,805 140,966 62,136 43,615 221,307 192,872 18,464 2952 2176 4782 795 124,161
Ethnicity        
Specific Hispanic or Latino
origin
256,700 44,371 33,059 66,422 12,314 5,619 7,890 41,606 30,712 2,257 342 251 911 126 10,820
Mexican male 47,738 10,690 6,629 7,989 1,105 329 893 8,422 9,475 191 59 36 41 20 1,859
12 to 17 years 4,910 141 190 14 28 9 40 3,957 110 48 17 8 - - 2 346
18 to 20 years 2,304 209 233 138 48 6 57 1,144 308 54 6 9 - - 5 87
21 to 24 years 4,935 687 671 877 158 31 139 1,120 1,004 29 14 6 5 4 190
25 to 29 years 7,981 1,412 1,168 1,787 235 41 228 895 1,868 27 9 4 7 2 298
30 to 34 years 6,842 1,443 1,098 1,272 234 51 136 503 1,867 19 3 4 5 1 206
35 to 39 years 5,965 1,452 906 1,030 143 45 114 380 1,631 7 5 1 8 1 242
40 to 44 years 4,293 1,175 596 765 105 55 77 175 1,147 2 1 3 4 5 183
45 years and older 10,508 4,171 1,767 2,106 154 91 102 248 1,540 5 4 1 12 - - 307
Mexican female 21,222 2,771 2,100 3,778 1,030 176 226 2,753 6,949 94 43 13 31 14 1,244
12 to 17 years 2,067 112 141 13 5 1 25 1,301 143 15 9 2 - - 1 299
18 to 20 years 1,005 93 75 138 21 5 25 276 287 10 4 1 - - - - 70
21 to 24 years 2,519 269 236 540 86 8 37 342 868 9 4 - - 2 4 114
25 to 29 years 4,285 402 432 917 228 27 49 360 1,687 21 5 3 3 4 147
30 to 34 years 3,721 454 360 694 228 28 27 220 1,541 14 9 2 4 - - 140
35 to 39 years 3,093 449 307 549 159 38 24 133 1,256 10 1 3 8 1 155
40 to 44 years 1,705 343 188 267 96 20 17 64 563 10 1 2 4 - - 130
45 years and older 2,827 649 361 660 207 49 22 57 604 5 10 - - 10 4 189
Puerto Rican male 52,267 5,687 7,287 25,621 1,578 1,389 1,966 6,203 667 645 30 54 329 27 784
12 to 17 years 823 13 24 2 3 6 7 697 4 10 2 3 - - - - 52
18 to 20 years 1,092 36 80 145 34 8 14 677 11 29 - - 7 1 - - 50
21 to 24 years 2,832 169 284 773 141 48 96 1,096 64 67 1 8 13 1 71
25 to 29 years 5,763 389 657 2,347 348 119 242 1,210 145 88 3 10 67 5 133
30 to 34 years 6,679 563 798 3,267 282 191 297 878 125 66 1 9 104 2 96
35 to 39 years 8,052 641 1,024 4,431 294 213 318 687 131 111 7 5 78 5 107
40 to 44 years 7,101 641 970 4,102 173 219 284 419 75 68 9 5 34 5 97
45 years and older 19,925 3,235 3,450 10,554 303 585 708 539 112 206 7 7 32 9 178
Puerto Rican female 14,491 1,621 1,776 5,316 790 774 544 2,350 377 191 22 24 209 4 493
12 to 17 years 384 8 15 3 2 1 3 301 5 5 - - 1 1 - - 39
18 to 20 years 427 19 36 63 9 12 14 224 9 6 2 - - 1 - - 32
21 to 24 years 1,185 84 118 331 51 51 43 388 51 13 4 1 8 - - 42
25 to 29 years 2,571 193 268 922 174 99 88 553 87 37 3 6 54 3 84
30 to 34 years 2,479 231 288 889 200 113 112 376 65 45 5 7 65 1 82
35 to 39 years 2,231 250 287 841 133 161 85 253 69 22 1 5 64 - - 60
40 to 44 years 1,519 231 215 572 89 103 65 114 42 16 3 4 13 - - 52
45 years and older 3,695 605 549 1,695 132 234 134 141 49 47 4 - - 3 - - 102
Cuban male 3,623 594 343 664 141 234 254 890 207 57 7 3 8 - - 221
12 to 17 years 475 4 2 - - - - - - 7 396 2 1 - - - - - - - - 63
18 to 20 years 167 8 9 6 10 2 5 109 8 5 - - 1 - - - - 4
21 to 24 years 282 17 28 30 14 13 26 94 28 18 1 - - - - - - 13
25 to 29 years 462 44 49 124 34 16 36 77 31 15 1 - - 4 - - 31
30 to 34 years 482 65 43 134 25 44 32 63 32 6 2 2 3 - - 31
35 to 39 years 403 59 51 105 16 31 29 55 42 3 1 - - - - - - 11
40 to 44 years 336 61 31 86 23 34 29 28 26 1 2 - - - - - - 15
45 years and older 1,016 336 130 179 19 94 90 68 38 8 - - - - 1 - - 53
Cuban female 1,560 153 120 320 104 96 101 306 123 21 - - 4 6 - - 206
12 to 17 years 167 2 1 - - - - 4 - - 123 1 2 - - - - - - - - 34
18 to 20 years 62 3 2 12 - - 4 1 25 7 - - - - - - - - - - 8
21 to 24 years 168 10 13 21 5 9 8 53 22 1 - - 3 - - - - 23
25 to 29 years 305 21 28 80 28 15 17 40 32 9 - - - - - - - - 35
30 to 34 years 307 22 31 93 20 11 28 34 27 3 - - 1 3 - - 34
35 to 39 years 224 27 13 40 26 19 22 23 19 2 - - - - 2 - - 31
40 to 44 years 96 18 6 28 5 6 13 2 4 - - - - - - 1 - - 13
45 years and older 231 50 26 46 20 28 12 6 11 4 - - - - - - - - 28
Other male2 79,357 17,367 10,866 15,740 4,179 1,593 2,805 15,050 7,108 651 104 93 195 37 3,569
Other female2 36,442 5,488 3,938 6,994 3,387 1,028 1,101 5,632 5,806 407 77 24 92 24 2,444
Not of Hispanic or Latino
origin male
1,011,925 186,453 145,898 263,621 66,430 32,479 23,284 123,184 89,494 9,235 1,187 1,357 2,407 395 66,501
Not of Hispanic or Latino
origin female
586,908 84,259 59,944 160,749 60,968 23,575 12,296 55,579 73,163 6,880 1,408 564 1,456 273 45,794
Total 1,855,533 315,083 238,901 490,792 139,712 61,673 43,470 220,369 193,369 18,372 2,937 2,172 4,774 794 123,115
- - Quantity is zero.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
2 Refers to the categories "other specific Hispanic" and "Hispanic or Latino, specific origin not specified."
NOTE: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions.
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

To Table of Contents

Table 2.3b. Selected race, ethnicity, gender, and age group among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Column percent distribution, 2018
Selected race, ethnicity,
gender, and age group
All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 324,696 245,302 502,845 147,367 63,012 44,860 227,647 199,749 18,684 3,023 2,261 4,876 829 150,390
Race        
American Indian or
Alaska Native male
1.7 3.1 2.4 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.3 1.8 0.3 0.5 1.2 0.4 1.8 4.5
12 to 17 years * * * * * * * 0.2 * * - - * - - 0.3 0.1
18 to 20 years 0.1 * 0.1 * * * * 0.2 0.1 * * 0.2 * - - 0.2
21 to 24 years 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 - - 0.3 0.4
25 to 29 years 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 0.4 0.7
30 to 34 years 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7
35 to 39 years 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - 0.7
40 to 44 years 0.2 0.4 0.2 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 * * 0.1 0.1 - - 0.5
45 years and older 0.5 1.4 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 * 0.3 1.3
American Indian or
Alaska Native female
1.2 1.4 1.3 0.5 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.8 2.3 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.4 2.3 3.4
12 to 17 years * * 0.1 * * - - * 0.2 * * 0.1 - - - - - - 0.1
18 to 20 years * * * * * * * 0.1 0.1 * - - 0.1 - - 0.3 0.1
21 to 24 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.3 * * - - * 0.3 0.3
25 to 29 years 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.1 0.6 * 0.2 0.2 * 0.3 0.6
30 to 34 years 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.5 * 0.1 - - 0.1 0.4 0.6
35 to 39 years 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6
40 to 44 years 0.1 0.2 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 * * 0.2 * - - * * 0.5 0.4
45 years and older 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.2 * 0.5 0.7
Asian1 male 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.6
12 to 17 years * * * * * - - * 0.1 * * 0.1 * - - - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * * - - * 0.1 * 0.1 - - 0.1 - - - - *
21 to 24 years * 0.1 * * * * 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.3 * - - 0.1
25 to 29 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
30 to 34 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.2 0.1 0.1 * - - - - 0.1
35 to 39 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 * - - 0.1
40 to 44 years * 0.1 * * * * * * 0.1 * * * - - - - *
45 years and older 0.1 0.2 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 * - - - - - - - - 0.2
Asian1 female 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 - - 0.5
12 to 17 years * * * * * - - - - * * * 0.1 * - - - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * * - - * * * * * - - - - - - *
21 to 24 years * * * * * - - * * * * 0.1 * * - - *
25 to 29 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - * - - - - 0.1
30 to 34 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * * - - * - - 0.1
35 to 39 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - - - * - - *
40 to 44 years * * * * * * * * * * * - - * - - *
45 years and older * * * * * * * * * * - - - - * - - 0.1
Black or African
American male
13.8 11.9 18.6 11.7 5.2 31.9 22.0 25.1 3.6 5.2 4.5 23.8 42.9 4.4 11.2
12 to 17 years 0.5 * 0.1 * * * * 3.6 * 0.1 0.2 0.4 - - 0.3 0.9
18 to 20 years 0.4 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 2.4 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.5
21 to 24 years 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.9 4.0 0.3 0.9 0.4 2.2 0.9 0.5 1.0
25 to 29 years 1.6 1.1 1.7 0.9 1.2 1.1 2.4 5.1 0.7 1.1 1.1 5.3 5.1 1.4 1.7
30 to 34 years 1.5 1.3 1.9 0.8 0.9 1.7 2.9 3.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 5.0 9.8 0.5 1.5
35 to 39 years 1.4 1.4 2.1 0.8 0.6 2.1 3.0 2.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 4.1 12.0 0.8 1.3
40 to 44 years 1.2 1.2 1.7 0.9 0.4 2.7 2.7 1.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 2.8 7.4 0.3 0.9
45 years and older 6.3 6.3 10.2 8.0 1.4 23.9 9.9 2.4 0.8 1.3 1.2 3.3 7.5 0.6 3.5
Black or African
American female
5.7 4.0 6.1 5.4 4.2 18.6 8.5 8.7 1.7 3.1 2.8 8.5 24.6 2.8 5.7
12 to 17 years 0.2 * * * * * * 1.0 * 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.4
18 to 20 years 0.1 * 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 * - - 0.3
21 to 24 years 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.5
25 to 29 years 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.9 1.4 1.7 2.2 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.1 4.6 1.1 1.0
30 to 34 years 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.9 1.7 1.6 1.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.7 7.2 0.1 0.9
35 to 39 years 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.7 1.9 1.2 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.3 1.7 6.7 0.4 0.6
40 to 44 years 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 2.0 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.9 2.6 0.4 0.5
45 years and older 2.2 1.6 2.7 3.5 1.1 11.0 2.3 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.9 2.6 0.3 1.5
Native Hawaiian or Other
Pacific Islander male
0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2
12 to 17 years * * * - - * * * 0.1 * * - - - - - - - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - *
21 to 24 years * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - 0.3 *
25 to 29 years * * * * * * 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.1 - - 0.1
30 to 34 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * * - - 0.2 - - *
35 to 39 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - - - 0.1 - - *
40 to 44 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - * * - - *
45 years and older 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 * * 0.1 * * * 0.1 - - *
Native Hawaiian or Other
Pacific Islander female
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 * 0.3 0.3 0.2
12 to 17 years * * * - - * - - - - * * * - - - - - - - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - *
21 to 24 years * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - * 0.1 *
25 to 29 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - - - 0.1 - - *
30 to 34 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - - - 0.1 - - *
35 to 39 years * * * * * * * * 0.1 * - - - - 0.1 0.1 *
40 to 44 years * * * * * * * * * - - - - * - - - - *
45 years and older * * * * * * * * * * 0.2 - - - - - - *
White male 41.5 47.3 42.7 43.6 43.3 21.3 35.4 33.7 42.4 45.8 37.4 40.3 10.0 47.4 39.0
12 to 17 years 1.2 0.2 0.4 * 0.1 0.1 0.4 7.5 0.3 2.2 2.4 3.4 * 3.8 1.3
18 to 20 years 1.3 0.5 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.4 1.5 4.4 1.3 4.6 3.0 5.9 0.1 1.9 1.2
21 to 24 years 3.4 1.9 3.2 3.7 3.0 1.1 3.5 5.1 3.9 6.4 3.9 5.8 0.6 5.8 3.0
25 to 29 years 7.4 4.5 6.3 11.0 8.7 2.4 6.3 5.4 7.8 8.7 5.6 7.6 2.2 8.4 6.5
30 to 34 years 7.3 5.4 6.8 10.3 9.8 3.0 5.9 3.9 8.2 8.2 5.0 6.0 2.4 7.4 6.4
35 to 39 years 6.0 5.8 6.2 7.2 7.7 3.1 5.3 2.8 7.5 6.0 3.5 4.7 1.9 7.5 5.3
40 to 44 years 4.0 5.2 4.6 3.9 4.3 2.7 3.9 1.6 5.0 3.3 2.9 2.5 1.1 4.3 3.7
45 years and older 10.9 23.8 14.0 6.8 8.8 8.7 8.7 3.0 8.3 6.5 11.2 4.4 1.7 8.3 11.5
White female 25.9 22.4 18.8 27.7 40.0 20.0 21.1 17.3 35.6 35.1 46.2 17.7 7.9 31.6 28.7
12 to 17 years 0.5 0.1 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.3 2.9 0.3 0.9 0.8 1.1 - - 1.4 1.0
18 to 20 years 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.1 1.8 1.2 1.8 1.2 1.5 * 1.1 0.9
21 to 24 years 2.4 1.0 1.4 3.1 2.7 1.1 2.3 2.6 3.9 3.3 2.2 2.5 0.4 2.8 2.3
25 to 29 years 5.2 2.2 3.0 7.5 8.4 3.0 4.4 3.3 7.9 7.1 4.9 3.7 1.9 7.2 4.9
30 to 34 years 5.2 2.9 3.3 6.6 9.5 3.6 4.3 2.6 8.0 7.1 6.0 3.8 2.7 4.5 4.9
35 to 39 years 4.0 3.1 3.0 4.3 7.2 3.5 3.4 1.7 6.3 5.3 3.9 1.8 1.8 5.4 4.0
40 to 44 years 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.1 3.9 2.5 1.9 1.0 3.4 2.9 2.6 1.6 0.5 2.1 2.8
45 years and older 5.4 10.2 5.2 3.4 7.7 5.9 3.4 1.4 4.4 6.6 24.4 1.7 0.7 7.0 8.0
Other male 6.7 6.7 7.2 7.4 2.9 4.3 8.3 8.9 6.3 6.6 4.2 4.8 8.5 6.0 3.7
Other female 2.6 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.8 3.3 4.5 2.6 2.7 1.8 4.3 3.1 2.4
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Ethnicity        
Specific Hispanic or Latino
origin
256,700 44,371 33,059 66,422 12,314 5,619 7,890 41,606 30,712 2,257 342 251 911 126 10,820
Mexican male 2.6 3.4 2.8 1.6 0.8 0.5 2.1 3.8 4.9 1.0 2.0 1.7 0.9 2.5 1.5
12 to 17 years 0.3 * 0.1 * * * 0.1 1.8 0.1 0.3 0.6 0.4 - - 0.3 0.3
18 to 20 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 - - 0.6 0.1
21 to 24 years 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2
25 to 29 years 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
30 to 34 years 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
35 to 39 years 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.8 * 0.2 * 0.2 0.1 0.2
40 to 44 years 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.6 * * 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1
45 years and older 0.6 1.3 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.8 * 0.1 * 0.3 - - 0.2
Mexican female 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.5 1.2 3.6 0.5 1.5 0.6 0.6 1.8 1.0
12 to 17 years 0.1 * 0.1 * * * 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 - - 0.1 0.2
18 to 20 years 0.1 * * * * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * - - - - 0.1
21 to 24 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.2 0.4 * 0.1 - - * 0.5 0.1
25 to 29 years 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 * 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1
30 to 34 years 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1
35 to 39 years 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1 * 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
40 to 44 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.3 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 - - 0.1
45 years and older 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.3 * 0.3 - - 0.2 0.5 0.2
Puerto Rican male 2.8 1.8 3.1 5.2 1.1 2.3 4.5 2.8 0.3 3.5 1.0 2.5 6.9 3.4 0.6
12 to 17 years * * * * * * * 0.3 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - - - *
18 to 20 years 0.1 * * * * * * 0.3 * 0.2 - - 0.3 * - - *
21 to 24 years 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 * 0.4 * 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1
25 to 29 years 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.1
30 to 34 years 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.4 * 0.4 2.2 0.3 0.1
35 to 39 years 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.6 0.6 0.1
40 to 44 years 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 * 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.1
45 years and older 1.1 1.0 1.4 2.2 0.2 0.9 1.6 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.1 0.1
Puerto Rican female 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.3 1.1 0.2 1.0 0.7 1.1 4.4 0.5 0.4
12 to 17 years * * * * * * * 0.1 * * - - * * - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * * * * 0.1 * * 0.1 - - * - - *
21 to 24 years 0.1 * * 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 0.1 0.1 * 0.2 - - *
25 to 29 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 * 0.2 0.1 0.3 1.1 0.4 0.1
30 to 34 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 * 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.4 0.1 0.1
35 to 39 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 * 0.1 * 0.2 1.3 - - *
40 to 44 years 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 - - *
45 years and older 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 * 0.3 0.1 - - 0.1 - - 0.1
Cuban male 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 - - 0.2
12 to 17 years * * * - - - - - - * 0.2 * * - - - - - - - - 0.1
18 to 20 years * * * * * * * * * * - - * - - - - *
21 to 24 years * * * * * * 0.1 * * 0.1 * - - - - - - *
25 to 29 years * * * * * * 0.1 * * 0.1 * - - 0.1 - - *
30 to 34 years * * * * * 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - *
35 to 39 years * * * * * 0.1 0.1 * * * * - - - - - - *
40 to 44 years * * * * * 0.1 0.1 * * * 0.1 - - - - - - *
45 years and older 0.1 0.1 0.1 * * 0.2 0.2 * * * - - - - * - - *
Cuban female 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - 0.2 0.1 - - 0.2
12 to 17 years * * * - - - - * - - 0.1 * * - - - - - - - - *
18 to 20 years * * * * - - * * * * - - - - - - - - - - *
21 to 24 years * * * * * * * * * * - - 0.1 - - - - *
25 to 29 years * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - *
30 to 34 years * * * * * * 0.1 * * * - - * 0.1 - - *
35 to 39 years * * * * * * 0.1 * * * - - - - * - - *
40 to 44 years * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - * - - *
45 years and older * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - *
Other male2 4.3 5.5 4.5 3.2 3.0 2.6 6.5 6.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 4.3 4.1 4.7 2.9
Other female2 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.4 2.4 1.7 2.5 2.6 3.0 2.2 2.6 1.1 1.9 3.0 2.0
Not of Hispanic or Latino
origin male
54.5 59.2 61.1 53.7 47.5 52.7 53.6 55.9 46.3 50.3 40.4 62.5 50.4 49.7 54.0
Not of Hispanic or Latino
origin female
31.6 26.7 25.1 32.8 43.6 38.2 28.3 25.2 37.8 37.4 47.9 26.0 30.5 34.4 37.2
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
- - Quantity is zero; * Less than 0.05 percent.
1 For some states, "Asian" includes "Pacific Islanders."
2 Refers to the categories "other specific Hispanic" and "Hispanic or Latino, specific origin not specified."
NOTES: Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting states and jurisdictions. Percentages may not sum to 100 percent due to rounding. Admissions for which values were not collected, unknown, or missing are excluded from the percentage base (denominator).
SOURCE: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 11.18.19.

To Table of Contents

Table 2.3c. Selected race, ethnicity, gender, and age group among admissions aged 12 years and older, by primary substance use: Row percent distribution, 2018
Selected race, ethnicity,
gender, and age group
All admis-
sions
Primary substance use at admission Total
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-
juana/
hashish
Metham-
phetamine/
amphet-
amines
Tran-
quil-
izers
Seda-
tives
Hallu-
cino-
gens
Phen-cycli-dine (PCP) Inhal-
ants
Other/
none
speci-
fied
Alcohol
only
With
secondary
drug
Heroin Other
opiates
Smoked
cocaine
Other
route
Total 1,935,541 16.8 12.7 26.0 7.6 3.3 2.3 11.8 10.3 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 7.8 100.0
Race          
American Indian or
Alaska Native male
31,561 31.0 18.3 8.6 3.0 0.7 0.9 8.8 10.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 17.6 100.0
12 to 17 years 779 2.7 12.5 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.3 68.9 3.5 0.5 - - 0.1 - - 0.3 9.1 100.0
18 to 20 years 1,108 12.4 12.2 3.3 1.9 0.3 1.3 36.2 10.6 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.1 - - 20.9 100.0
21 to 24 years 2,532 16.4 17.8 11.1 3.7 0.4 0.9 16.6 14.0 0.6 0.1 0.2 - - 0.1 18.0 100.0
25 to 29 years 4,842 21.4 17.4 13.7 4.3 0.4 1.0 10.5 13.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 16.9 100.0
30 to 34 years 5,157 25.6 20.0 11.0 4.6 0.7 0.8 5.7 13.3 0.2 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 17.9 100.0
35 to 39 years 4,366 29.2 20.4 7.2 3.6 0.6 1.0 6.0 13.2 0.2 * * 0.1 - - 18.6 100.0
40 to 44 years 3,340 37.3 17.4 6.6 2.4 1.2 0.8 3.9 11.3 0.1 * 0.1 0.1 - - 18.8 100.0
45 years and older 9,437 45.9 18.6 6.5 1.6 1.0 0.9 2.4 6.1 * * * * * 17.0 100.0
American Indian or
Alaska Native female
22,139 19.2 13.7 12.2 5.7 1.1 0.7 7.5 20.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 19.3 100.0
1