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210602
Table 5.1A – Substance Use Disorder for Specific Substances in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 18,394 nc 1,213 nc 17,181 nc 4,878 nc 12,304
Marijuana nc 14,207 nc 1,016 nc 13,190 nc 4,534 nc 8,656
Cocaine nc 1,284 nc 28 nc 1,256 nc 234 nc 1,022
Heroin nc 691 nc * nc 691 nc 40 nc 652
Hallucinogens nc 372 nc 67 nc 305 nc 133 nc 172
Inhalants nc 215 nc 81 nc 134 nc 46 nc 88
Methamphetamine nc 1,524 nc 21 nc 1,502 nc 95 nc 1,408
Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics nc 3,554 nc 155 nc 3,398 nc 522 nc 2,877
Pain Relievers nc 2,333 nc 80 nc 2,253 nc 269 nc 1,984
Stimulants nc 758 nc 43 nc 715 nc 141 nc 574
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nc 1,153 nc 73 nc 1,080 nc 235 nc 845
Tranquilizers nc 938 nc 66 nc 872 nc 197 nc 675
Sedatives nc 334 nc 7 nc 327 nc 47 nc 280
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids nc 2,702 nc 80 nc 2,622 nc 286 nc 2,336
Central Nervous System Stimulants nc 3,180 nc 88 nc 3,092 nc 423 nc 2,669
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 nc 6,139 nc 284 nc 5,855 nc 832 nc 5,023
ALCOHOL nc 28,320 nc 712 nc 27,608 nc 5,215 nc 22,393
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 6,451 nc 340 nc 6,111 nc 1,921 nc 4,189
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 40,263 nc 1,584 nc 38,679 nc 8,171 nc 30,508
ILLICIT DRUGS ONLY nc 11,943 nc 873 nc 11,071 nc 2,957 nc 8,114
ALCOHOL ONLY nc 21,869 nc 372 nc 21,497 nc 3,293 nc 18,204
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.1B – Substance Use Disorder for Specific Substances in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 6.6 nc 4.9 nc 6.8 nc 14.6 nc 5.6
Marijuana nc 5.1 nc 4.1 nc 5.2 nc 13.5 nc 4.0
Cocaine nc 0.5 nc 0.1 nc 0.5 nc 0.7 nc 0.5
Heroin nc 0.2 nc * nc 0.3 nc 0.1 nc 0.3
Hallucinogens nc 0.1 nc 0.3 nc 0.1 nc 0.4 nc 0.1
Inhalants nc 0.1 nc 0.3 nc 0.1 nc 0.1 nc 0.0
Methamphetamine nc 0.6 nc 0.1 nc 0.6 nc 0.3 nc 0.6
Misuse of Prescription Psychotherapeutics nc 1.3 nc 0.6 nc 1.3 nc 1.6 nc 1.3
Pain Relievers nc 0.8 nc 0.3 nc 0.9 nc 0.8 nc 0.9
Stimulants nc 0.3 nc 0.2 nc 0.3 nc 0.4 nc 0.3
Tranquilizers or Sedatives nc 0.4 nc 0.3 nc 0.4 nc 0.7 nc 0.4
Tranquilizers nc 0.3 nc 0.3 nc 0.3 nc 0.6 nc 0.3
Sedatives nc 0.1 nc 0.0 nc 0.1 nc 0.1 nc 0.1
Benzodiazepines -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Opioids nc 1.0 nc 0.3 nc 1.0 nc 0.9 nc 1.1
Central Nervous System Stimulants nc 1.1 nc 0.4 nc 1.2 nc 1.3 nc 1.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 nc 2.2 nc 1.1 nc 2.3 nc 2.5 nc 2.3
ALCOHOL nc 10.2 nc 2.8 nc 11.0 nc 15.6 nc 10.3
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 2.3 nc 1.4 nc 2.4 nc 5.7 nc 1.9
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 14.5 nc 6.3 nc 15.4 nc 24.4 nc 14.0
ILLICIT DRUGS ONLY nc 4.3 nc 3.5 nc 4.4 nc 8.8 nc 3.7
ALCOHOL ONLY nc 7.9 nc 1.5 nc 8.5 nc 9.8 nc 8.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana excludes respondents who used only marijuana but includes those who used marijuana in addition to other illicit drugs.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.2A – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2020)
TOTAL nc 18,394 nc 28,320 nc 40,263
12-20 nc 2,748 nc 1,826 nc 3,784
21 or Older nc 15,646 nc 26,494 nc 36,480
12-17 nc 1,213 nc 712 nc 1,584
12-13 nc 75 nc 52 nc 124
14-15 nc 445 nc 276 nc 581
16-17 nc 693 nc 384 nc 880
18 or Older nc 17,181 nc 27,608 nc 38,679
18-25 nc 4,878 nc 5,215 nc 8,171
18-20 nc 1,536 nc 1,115 nc 2,199
21-25 nc 3,342 nc 4,100 nc 5,972
26 or Older nc 12,304 nc 22,393 nc 30,508
26-49 nc 8,871 nc 14,096 nc 19,588
26-29 nc 2,164 nc 2,798 nc 4,156
30-34 nc 1,947 nc 3,141 nc 4,362
35-39 nc 1,990 nc 3,264 nc 4,467
40-44 nc 1,346 nc 2,421 nc 3,234
45-49 nc 1,424 nc 2,472 nc 3,371
50 or Older nc 3,433 nc 8,297 nc 10,919
50-54 nc 944 nc 1,804 nc 2,417
55-59 nc 1,082 nc 1,813 nc 2,663
60-64 nc 600 nc 1,912 nc 2,385
65 or Older nc 807 nc 2,768 nc 3,454
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.2B – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2020)
TOTAL nc 6.6 nc 10.2 nc 14.5
12-20 nc 7.3 nc 4.9 nc 10.1
21 or Older nc 6.5 nc 11.1 nc 15.2
12-17 nc 4.9 nc 2.8 nc 6.3
12-13 nc 0.9 nc 0.6 nc 1.5
14-15 nc 5.1 nc 3.2 nc 6.7
16-17 nc 8.8 nc 4.9 nc 11.2
18 or Older nc 6.8 nc 11.0 nc 15.4
18-25 nc 14.6 nc 15.6 nc 24.4
18-20 nc 12.3 nc 9.0 nc 17.7
21-25 nc 15.9 nc 19.5 nc 28.4
26 or Older nc 5.6 nc 10.3 nc 14.0
26-49 nc 8.7 nc 13.9 nc 19.3
26-29 nc 12.2 nc 15.7 nc 23.3
30-34 nc 8.6 nc 13.8 nc 19.2
35-39 nc 8.9 nc 14.6 nc 20.0
40-44 nc 6.9 nc 12.5 nc 16.7
45-49 nc 7.4 nc 12.8 nc 17.4
50 or Older nc 2.9 nc 7.1 nc 9.3
50-54 nc 4.7 nc 9.1 nc 12.1
55-59 nc 5.0 nc 8.4 nc 12.4
60-64 nc 2.9 nc 9.1 nc 11.4
65 or Older nc 1.5 nc 5.1 nc 6.3
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.3A – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 18,394 nc 1,213 nc 17,181 nc 4,878 nc 12,304
GENDER                    
Male nc 10,315 nc 576 nc 9,739 nc 2,702 nc 7,037
Female nc 8,080 nc 637 nc 7,442 nc 2,176 nc 5,266
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 15,561 nc 884 nc 14,677 nc 4,112 nc 10,565
White nc 11,913 nc 685 nc 11,228 nc 3,043 nc 8,185
Black or African American nc 2,196 nc 94 nc 2,102 nc 676 nc 1,426
AIAN nc 282 nc * nc 252 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc 13 nc * nc 9 nc * nc *
Asian nc 489 nc 27 nc 462 nc 126 nc 336
Two or More Races nc 669 nc 44 nc 625 nc 231 nc 394
Hispanic or Latino nc 2,833 nc 329 nc 2,504 nc 766 nc 1,738
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da nc 2,000 nc 478 nc 1,522
High School Graduate da da da da nc 4,798 nc 1,455 nc 3,343
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 7,046 nc 2,262 nc 4,784
College Graduate da da da da nc 3,336 nc 683 nc 2,654
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da nc 7,680 nc 2,028 nc 5,652
Part-Time da da da da nc 2,785 nc 1,237 nc 1,548
Unemployed da da da da nc 1,893 nc 656 nc 1,237
Other1 da da da da nc 4,824 nc 957 nc 3,867
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.3B – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 6.6 nc 4.9 nc 6.8 nc 14.6 nc 5.6
GENDER                    
Male nc 7.7 nc 4.5 nc 8.0 nc 16.1 nc 6.7
Female nc 5.7 nc 5.2 nc 5.7 nc 13.0 nc 4.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 6.8 nc 4.7 nc 7.0 nc 16.0 nc 5.7
White nc 7.0 nc 5.3 nc 7.1 nc 17.0 nc 5.8
Black or African American nc 6.5 nc 3.0 nc 6.9 nc 14.7 nc 5.5
AIAN nc 17.0 nc * nc 17.5 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc 1.3 nc * nc 0.9 nc * nc *
Asian nc 3.0 nc 1.5 nc 3.2 nc 6.3 nc 2.7
Two or More Races nc 12.6 nc 7.1 nc 13.3 nc 22.4 nc 10.8
Hispanic or Latino nc 5.9 nc 5.2 nc 6.0 nc 9.9 nc 5.1
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da nc 6.9 nc 12.5 nc 6.1
High School Graduate da da da da nc 6.9 nc 13.6 nc 5.7
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 9.2 nc 16.2 nc 7.7
College Graduate da da da da nc 4.3 nc 13.8 nc 3.7
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da nc 6.6 nc 16.0 nc 5.4
Part-Time da da da da nc 8.9 nc 14.4 nc 6.8
Unemployed da da da da nc 14.7 nc 19.4 nc 13.1
Other1 da da da da nc 5.3 nc 10.8 nc 4.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.4A – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
Aged 12-20
(2019)
Aged 12-20
(2020)
Aged 21+
(2019)
Aged 21+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 28,320 nc 712 nc 27,608 nc 5,215 nc 22,393 nc 1,826 nc 26,494
GENDER                            
Male nc 15,712 nc 290 nc 15,422 nc 2,443 nc 12,980 nc 794 nc 14,918
Female nc 12,608 nc 422 nc 12,186 nc 2,772 nc 9,414 nc 1,032 nc 11,575
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 23,781 nc 433 nc 23,347 nc 4,210 nc 19,138 nc 1,339 nc 22,442
White nc 18,317 nc 384 nc 17,933 nc 3,366 nc 14,567 nc 1,047 nc 17,270
Black or African American nc 3,313 nc 19 nc 3,295 nc 444 nc 2,851 nc 128 nc 3,185
AIAN nc 209 nc * nc 201 nc * nc 165 nc * nc 188
NHOPI nc 48 nc * nc 46 nc * nc * nc * nc 43
Asian nc 1,139 nc 9 nc 1,130 nc 181 nc 950 nc 73 nc 1,066
Two or More Races nc 755 nc 13 nc 742 nc 180 nc 563 nc 66 nc 690
Hispanic or Latino nc 4,539 nc 278 nc 4,261 nc 1,005 nc 3,256 nc 487 nc 4,052
EDUCATION LEVEL                            
< High School da da da da nc 2,876 nc 326 nc 2,550 da da nc 2,701
High School Graduate da da da da nc 6,482 nc 1,192 nc 5,290 da da nc 6,185
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 9,487 nc 2,554 nc 6,933 da da nc 8,845
College Graduate da da da da nc 8,763 nc 1,143 nc 7,620 da da nc 8,762
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                            
Full-Time da da da da nc 15,675 nc 2,414 nc 13,261 da da nc 15,425
Part-Time da da da da nc 3,809 nc 1,359 nc 2,451 da da nc 3,353
Unemployed da da da da nc 1,630 nc 413 nc 1,217 da da nc 1,530
Other1 da da da da nc 6,494 nc 1,030 nc 5,464 da da nc 6,186
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.4B – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
Aged 12-20
(2019)
Aged 12-20
(2020)
Aged 21+
(2019)
Aged 21+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 10.2 nc 2.8 nc 11.0 nc 15.6 nc 10.3 nc 4.9 nc 11.1
GENDER                            
Male nc 11.7 nc 2.3 nc 12.7 nc 14.6 nc 12.4 nc 4.1 nc 13.0
Female nc 8.8 nc 3.4 nc 9.4 nc 16.6 nc 8.3 nc 5.7 nc 9.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 10.4 nc 2.3 nc 11.1 nc 16.3 nc 10.4 nc 4.8 nc 11.2
White nc 10.7 nc 3.0 nc 11.4 nc 18.8 nc 10.4 nc 5.6 nc 11.4
Black or African American nc 9.9 nc 0.6 nc 10.8 nc 9.7 nc 11.0 nc 2.5 nc 11.2
AIAN nc 12.6 nc * nc 14.0 nc * nc 13.2 nc * nc 13.9
NHOPI nc 4.8 nc * nc 4.8 nc * nc * nc * nc 4.6
Asian nc 7.0 nc 0.5 nc 7.9 nc 9.1 nc 7.7 nc 2.5 nc 8.0
Two or More Races nc 14.2 nc 2.0 nc 15.8 nc 17.4 nc 15.4 nc 6.0 nc 16.4
Hispanic or Latino nc 9.4 nc 4.4 nc 10.1 nc 13.0 nc 9.5 nc 5.2 nc 10.4
EDUCATION LEVEL                            
< High School da da da da nc 10.0 nc 8.5 nc 10.2 da da nc 10.3
High School Graduate da da da da nc 9.3 nc 11.1 nc 9.0 da da nc 9.5
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 12.4 nc 18.3 nc 11.1 da da nc 12.4
College Graduate da da da da nc 11.4 nc 23.0 nc 10.6 da da nc 11.4
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                            
Full-Time da da da da nc 13.4 nc 19.0 nc 12.8 da da nc 13.5
Part-Time da da da da nc 12.2 nc 15.9 nc 10.8 da da nc 12.3
Unemployed da da da da nc 12.7 nc 12.2 nc 12.8 da da nc 13.4
Other1 da da da da nc 7.1 nc 11.6 nc 6.6 da da nc 7.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.5A – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 40,263 nc 1,584 nc 38,679 nc 8,171 nc 30,508
GENDER                    
Male nc 22,233 nc 704 nc 21,529 nc 4,156 nc 17,373
Female nc 18,030 nc 880 nc 17,150 nc 4,016 nc 13,135
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 34,111 nc 1,093 nc 33,018 nc 6,793 nc 26,225
White nc 26,144 nc 880 nc 25,264 nc 5,178 nc 20,085
Black or African American nc 4,801 nc 98 nc 4,702 nc 962 nc 3,740
AIAN nc 401 nc * nc 371 nc * nc 305
NHOPI nc 56 nc * nc 52 nc * nc *
Asian nc 1,467 nc 30 nc 1,437 nc 251 nc 1,187
Two or More Races nc 1,242 nc 51 nc 1,191 nc 332 nc 859
Hispanic or Latino nc 6,152 nc 491 nc 5,661 nc 1,378 nc 4,283
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da nc 4,214 nc 667 nc 3,547
High School Graduate da da da da nc 9,663 nc 2,223 nc 7,440
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 14,058 nc 3,820 nc 10,239
College Graduate da da da da nc 10,744 nc 1,462 nc 9,282
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da nc 20,398 nc 3,577 nc 16,821
Part-Time da da da da nc 5,657 nc 2,197 nc 3,460
Unemployed da da da da nc 2,944 nc 853 nc 2,091
Other1 da da da da nc 9,680 nc 1,545 nc 8,136
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.5B – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 14.5 nc 6.3 nc 15.4 nc 24.4 nc 14.0
GENDER                    
Male nc 16.5 nc 5.5 nc 17.7 nc 24.8 nc 16.6
Female nc 12.7 nc 7.2 nc 13.2 nc 24.0 nc 11.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 14.9 nc 5.9 nc 15.7 nc 26.4 nc 14.2
White nc 15.3 nc 6.9 nc 16.0 nc 28.9 nc 14.3
Black or African American nc 14.3 nc 3.1 nc 15.4 nc 20.9 nc 14.4
AIAN nc 24.2 nc * nc 25.8 nc * nc 24.4
NHOPI nc 5.6 nc * nc 5.4 nc * nc *
Asian nc 9.1 nc 1.6 nc 10.0 nc 12.6 nc 9.6
Two or More Races nc 23.4 nc 8.3 nc 25.4 nc 32.1 nc 23.5
Hispanic or Latino nc 12.7 nc 7.8 nc 13.5 nc 17.8 nc 12.5
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da nc 14.6 nc 17.4 nc 14.1
High School Graduate da da da da nc 13.9 nc 20.7 nc 12.7
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da nc 18.4 nc 27.3 nc 16.4
College Graduate da da da da nc 13.9 nc 29.5 nc 12.9
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da nc 17.5 nc 28.2 nc 16.2
Part-Time da da da da nc 18.1 nc 25.6 nc 15.2
Unemployed da da da da nc 22.9 nc 25.2 nc 22.1
Other1 da da da da nc 10.6 nc 17.5 nc 9.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.6A – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 18,394 nc 1,213 nc 17,181 nc 4,878 nc 12,304
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 3,192 nc 212 nc 2,980 nc 801 nc 2,179
Midwest nc 3,814 nc 249 nc 3,565 nc 1,055 nc 2,510
South nc 6,350 nc 415 nc 5,935 nc 1,710 nc 4,224
West nc 5,038 nc 337 nc 4,701 nc 1,311 nc 3,390
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 9,693 nc 625 nc 9,069 nc 2,724 nc 6,345
Small Metro nc 6,027 nc 355 nc 5,672 nc 1,551 nc 4,121
Nonmetro nc 2,674 nc 234 nc 2,440 nc 602 nc 1,838
Urbanized nc 1,207 nc 76 nc 1,131 nc 289 nc 841
Less Urbanized nc 1,379 nc 150 nc 1,229 nc 281 nc 948
Completely Rural nc 88 nc * nc 81 nc 32 nc 49
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 4,218 nc 254 nc 3,964 nc 1,234 nc 2,731
100-199% nc 4,207 nc 238 nc 3,969 nc 1,245 nc 2,724
200% or More nc 9,913 nc 721 nc 9,192 nc 2,343 nc 6,849
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 9,295 nc 666 nc 8,629 nc 2,890 nc 5,739
Medicaid/CHIP nc 5,770 nc 478 nc 5,292 nc 1,118 nc 4,173
Other3 nc 2,750 nc 60 nc 2,690 nc 402 nc 2,289
No Coverage nc 2,832 nc 66 nc 2,765 nc 720 nc 2,046
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.6B – Illicit Drug Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 6.6 nc 4.9 nc 6.8 nc 14.6 nc 5.6
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 6.7 nc 5.4 nc 6.8 nc 14.1 nc 5.7
Midwest nc 6.6 nc 4.7 nc 6.8 nc 14.9 nc 5.6
South nc 6.0 nc 4.3 nc 6.2 nc 13.5 nc 5.1
West nc 7.6 nc 5.6 nc 7.8 nc 16.3 nc 6.5
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 6.4 nc 4.4 nc 6.6 nc 15.4 nc 5.3
Small Metro nc 7.1 nc 4.6 nc 7.4 nc 14.1 nc 6.2
Nonmetro nc 6.5 nc 7.3 nc 6.4 nc 12.6 nc 5.5
Urbanized nc 7.3 nc 5.7 nc 7.4 nc 13.1 nc 6.5
Less Urbanized nc 7.0 nc 9.3 nc 6.8 nc 12.7 nc 6.0
Completely Rural nc 1.7 nc * nc 1.7 nc 9.1 nc 1.1
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 10.1 nc 5.5 nc 10.6 nc 15.2 nc 9.4
100-199% nc 8.3 nc 5.3 nc 8.6 nc 16.2 nc 7.1
200% or More nc 5.4 nc 4.5 nc 5.5 nc 13.6 nc 4.5
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 5.3 nc 4.4 nc 5.4 nc 14.8 nc 4.1
Medicaid/CHIP nc 11.8 nc 5.7 nc 13.1 nc 14.4 nc 12.8
Other3 nc 3.6 nc 3.6 nc 3.6 nc 16.5 nc 3.2
No Coverage nc 10.0 nc 4.5 nc 10.2 nc 13.7 nc 9.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.7A – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
Aged 12-20
(2019)
Aged 12-20
(2020)
Aged 21+
(2019)
Aged 21+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 28,320 nc 712 nc 27,608 nc 5,215 nc 22,393 nc 1,826 nc 26,494
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast nc 4,914 nc 141 nc 4,773 nc 973 nc 3,801 nc 344 nc 4,570
Midwest nc 6,701 nc 145 nc 6,556 nc 1,257 nc 5,300 nc 490 nc 6,211
South nc 8,792 nc 201 nc 8,592 nc 1,832 nc 6,760 nc 507 nc 8,285
West nc 7,913 nc 225 nc 7,687 nc 1,154 nc 6,533 nc 485 nc 7,428
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro nc 15,983 nc 418 nc 15,565 nc 2,648 nc 12,918 nc 953 nc 15,030
Small Metro nc 8,847 nc 215 nc 8,632 nc 1,938 nc 6,694 nc 653 nc 8,194
Nonmetro nc 3,490 nc 79 nc 3,411 nc 629 nc 2,782 nc 220 nc 3,270
Urbanized nc 1,549 nc 38 nc 1,511 nc 264 nc 1,247 nc 86 nc 1,463
Less Urbanized nc 1,664 nc 38 nc 1,626 nc 335 nc 1,290 nc 125 nc 1,539
Completely Rural nc 277 nc 3 nc 274 nc 30 nc 244 nc 9 nc 268
POVERTY LEVEL1                            
Less Than 100% nc 4,017 nc 131 nc 3,886 nc 1,213 nc 2,673 nc 502 nc 3,515
100-199% nc 5,055 nc 94 nc 4,962 nc 1,198 nc 3,763 nc 271 nc 4,785
200% or More nc 19,162 nc 487 nc 18,675 nc 2,718 nc 15,957 nc 984 nc 18,178
HEALTH INSURANCE2                            
Private nc 18,110 nc 449 nc 17,662 nc 3,620 nc 14,042 nc 1,205 nc 16,905
Medicaid/CHIP nc 4,751 nc 184 nc 4,567 nc 776 nc 3,791 nc 363 nc 4,388
Other3 nc 5,304 nc 39 nc 5,265 nc 329 nc 4,935 nc 148 nc 5,155
No Coverage nc 3,674 nc * nc 3,608 nc 715 nc 2,893 nc 193 nc 3,481
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.7B – Alcohol Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
Aged 12-20
(2019)
Aged 12-20
(2020)
Aged 21+
(2019)
Aged 21+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 10.2 nc 2.8 nc 11.0 nc 15.6 nc 10.3 nc 4.9 nc 11.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast nc 10.3 nc 3.6 nc 10.9 nc 17.2 nc 10.0 nc 5.8 nc 11.0
Midwest nc 11.7 nc 2.8 nc 12.6 nc 17.7 nc 11.8 nc 6.2 nc 12.6
South nc 8.3 nc 2.1 nc 9.0 nc 14.4 nc 8.1 nc 3.5 nc 9.1
West nc 12.0 nc 3.7 nc 12.8 nc 14.4 nc 12.6 nc 5.4 nc 13.0
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro nc 10.6 nc 3.0 nc 11.4 nc 14.9 nc 10.8 nc 4.6 nc 11.5
Small Metro nc 10.4 nc 2.8 nc 11.2 nc 17.6 nc 10.1 nc 5.6 nc 11.2
Nonmetro nc 8.5 nc 2.5 nc 9.0 nc 13.2 nc 8.3 nc 4.4 nc 9.0
Urbanized nc 9.4 nc 2.8 nc 10.0 nc 12.0 nc 9.6 nc 4.2 nc 10.1
Less Urbanized nc 8.4 nc 2.4 nc 9.0 nc 15.1 nc 8.1 nc 4.8 nc 9.0
Completely Rural nc 5.5 nc 1.2 nc 5.7 nc 8.5 nc 5.5 nc 2.3 nc 5.7
POVERTY LEVEL1                            
Less Than 100% nc 9.6 nc 2.8 nc 10.4 nc 14.9 nc 9.2 nc 6.3 nc 10.4
100-199% nc 10.0 nc 2.1 nc 10.8 nc 15.6 nc 9.8 nc 3.8 nc 11.0
200% or More nc 10.4 nc 3.1 nc 11.1 nc 15.7 nc 10.6 nc 4.5 nc 11.2
HEALTH INSURANCE2                            
Private nc 10.4 nc 3.0 nc 11.1 nc 18.5 nc 10.1 nc 5.5 nc 11.1
Medicaid/CHIP nc 9.8 nc 2.2 nc 11.3 nc 10.0 nc 11.7 nc 3.0 nc 12.0
Other3 nc 6.9 nc 2.4 nc 7.0 nc 13.6 nc 6.8 nc 5.8 nc 7.0
No Coverage nc 12.9 nc * nc 13.4 nc 13.6 nc 13.3 nc 6.3 nc 13.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.8A – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 40,263 nc 1,584 nc 38,679 nc 8,171 nc 30,508
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 7,102 nc 273 nc 6,829 nc 1,453 nc 5,377
Midwest nc 9,074 nc 322 nc 8,752 nc 1,890 nc 6,861
South nc 12,985 nc 547 nc 12,438 nc 2,857 nc 9,581
West nc 11,102 nc 443 nc 10,660 nc 1,972 nc 8,688
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 22,238 nc 845 nc 21,393 nc 4,315 nc 17,078
Small Metro nc 12,791 nc 475 nc 12,317 nc 2,811 nc 9,506
Nonmetro nc 5,234 nc 265 nc 4,969 nc 1,046 nc 3,923
Urbanized nc 2,318 nc 93 nc 2,225 nc 471 nc 1,754
Less Urbanized nc 2,572 nc 162 nc 2,410 nc 517 nc 1,892
Completely Rural nc 344 nc 10 nc 334 nc 58 nc 276
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 6,850 nc 328 nc 6,522 nc 1,972 nc 4,550
100-199% nc 7,741 nc 280 nc 7,461 nc 1,913 nc 5,547
200% or More nc 25,579 nc 976 nc 24,604 nc 4,194 nc 20,410
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 24,048 nc 890 nc 23,158 nc 5,300 nc 17,858
Medicaid/CHIP nc 8,721 nc 544 nc 8,177 nc 1,546 nc 6,630
Other3 nc 7,382 nc 90 nc 7,292 nc 571 nc 6,721
No Coverage nc 5,425 nc 125 nc 5,300 nc 1,140 nc 4,160
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210602
Table 5.8B – Substance Use Disorder in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL nc 14.5 nc 6.3 nc 15.4 nc 24.4 nc 14.0
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 14.9 nc 6.9 nc 15.6 nc 25.6 nc 14.1
Midwest nc 15.8 nc 6.1 nc 16.8 nc 26.7 nc 15.2
South nc 12.3 nc 5.6 nc 13.0 nc 22.5 nc 11.5
West nc 16.8 nc 7.3 nc 17.8 nc 24.6 nc 16.7
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 14.7 nc 6.0 nc 15.6 nc 24.3 nc 14.3
Small Metro nc 15.1 nc 6.2 nc 16.0 nc 25.5 nc 14.4
Nonmetro nc 12.7 nc 8.3 nc 13.0 nc 21.9 nc 11.8
Urbanized nc 14.0 nc 7.0 nc 14.7 nc 21.4 nc 13.5
Less Urbanized nc 13.0 nc 10.0 nc 13.3 nc 23.3 nc 11.9
Completely Rural nc 6.8 nc 3.8 nc 6.9 nc 16.3 nc 6.2
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 16.3 nc 7.1 nc 17.5 nc 24.2 nc 15.6
100-199% nc 15.3 nc 6.2 nc 16.2 nc 24.8 nc 14.5
200% or More nc 13.9 nc 6.1 nc 14.6 nc 24.3 nc 13.5
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 13.8 nc 5.9 nc 14.6 nc 27.1 nc 12.8
Medicaid/CHIP nc 17.9 nc 6.5 nc 20.3 nc 19.8 nc 20.4
Other3 nc 9.7 nc 5.4 nc 9.8 nc 23.5 nc 9.3
No Coverage nc 19.1 nc 8.5 nc 19.6 nc 21.7 nc 19.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.9A – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 2,312 2,455 2,530 2,020 1,175 866 4,184 4,009
12-20 258 206 174 149 146 107 360 288
21 or Older 2,054 2,249 2,356 1,871 1,029 760 3,824 3,721
12-17 118 106 66 91 62 51 172 169
12-13 10 8 7 8 7 8 21 9
14-15 37 30 18 17 17 10 54 46
16-17 71 67 42 65 38 32 97 114
18 or Older 2,194 2,349 2,464 1,929 1,113 816 4,012 3,840
18-25 369 277 339 290 217 156 578 445
18-20 139 100 108 58 84 56 188 119
21-25 230 178 230 232 132 99 390 326
26 or Older 1,824 2,071 2,126 1,639 896 660 3,434 3,395
26-49 1,388 1,459 1,299 1,009 639 471 2,240 2,137
26-29 256 196 240 138 130 66 401 274
30-34 399 385 328 238 141 108 648 553
35-39 272 385 253 250 124 75 443 627
40-44 290 204 240 212 144 118 407 308
45-49 171 289 238 171 101 103 342 375
50 or Older 437 613 827 630 257 189 1,194 1,258
50-54 133 192 210 206 73 113 312 285
55-59 152 292 253 84 92 9 343 447
60-64 81 101 194 126 35 50 255 280
65 or Older 70 27 170 214 57 17 284 245
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.9B – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.5 1.4
12-20 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.8
21 or Older 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.6
12-17 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.7
12-13 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1
14-15 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.5
16-17 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.2 1.4
18 or Older 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.5
18-25 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.3
18-20 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.0
21-25 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.9 1.5
26 or Older 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.6
26-49 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.5 2.2 2.1
26-29 1.4 1.1 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.4 2.2 1.5
30-34 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.0 0.6 0.5 2.9 2.4
35-39 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.3 2.1 2.8
40-44 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 2.1 1.6
45-49 0.8 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.9
50 or Older 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.1
50-54 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.4 0.6 1.5 1.4
55-59 0.7 1.4 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.0 1.6 2.1
60-64 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.2 1.3
65 or Older 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.10A – Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 2,312 2,455 118 106 2,194 2,349 369 277 1,824 2,071
GENDER                    
Male 1,398 1,142 64 61 1,334 1,081 203 126 1,131 955
Female 914 1,312 54 45 860 1,268 166 151 694 1,116
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,058 2,104 79 64 1,979 2,041 294 230 1,684 1,811
White 1,684 1,738 62 53 1,621 1,685 237 188 1,385 1,498
Black or African American 232 220 12 6 220 214 35 31 185 183
AIAN 16 * * * 14 * 2 * 12 *
NHOPI 19 * * * 19 * * * 19 *
Asian 8 10 1 3 7 7 6 * 1 7
Two or More Races 99 62 2 2 97 60 15 * 82 49
Hispanic or Latino 254 350 39 43 215 308 75 48 140 260
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 397 246 92 34 306 212
High School Graduate da da da da 771 901 134 118 636 783
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 790 1,054 134 122 656 932
College Graduate da da da da 236 148 9 3 227 144
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 902 741 142 112 760 629
Part-Time da da da da 252 387 60 73 192 314
Unemployed da da da da 318 279 51 34 266 245
Other1 da da da da 722 942 116 58 605 884
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.10B – Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.9
GENDER                    
Male 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.9
Female 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.6 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
White 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.4 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1
Black or African American 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
AIAN 1.0 * * * 1.0 * 1.1 * 1.0 *
NHOPI 1.8 * * * 2.0 * * * 2.3 *
Asian 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 * 0.0 0.1
Two or More Races 1.9 1.2 0.2 0.4 2.2 1.3 1.6 * 2.4 1.3
Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.4 0.8
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 1.3 0.9 2.0 0.9 1.2 0.8
High School Graduate da da da da 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.3
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 1.0 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.5
College Graduate da da da da 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 0.8 1.2 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.4
Unemployed da da da da 3.2 2.2 1.6 1.0 4.0 2.6
Other1 da da da da 0.9 1.0 1.5 0.7 0.8 1.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.11A – Received Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 2,530 2,020 66 91 2,464 1,929 339 290 2,126 1,639
GENDER                    
Male 1,702 1,298 32 42 1,670 1,256 205 158 1,465 1,098
Female 828 722 34 49 794 673 134 132 660 541
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,195 1,750 47 31 2,149 1,719 269 266 1,879 1,453
White 1,763 1,322 38 29 1,725 1,294 200 206 1,525 1,087
Black or African American 261 255 5 * 256 255 38 39 218 216
AIAN 26 31 * * 26 31 2 * 23 *
NHOPI 34 2 * * 34 2 * * * *
Asian 29 7 1 * 28 7 13 0 15 7
Two or More Races 82 131 2 * 80 129 15 20 65 109
Hispanic or Latino 335 270 19 60 316 211 69 25 246 186
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 400 217 77 8 324 209
High School Graduate da da da da 614 562 109 87 505 474
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 851 665 118 148 734 517
College Graduate da da da da 598 486 35 * 563 439
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,070 774 139 103 931 671
Part-Time da da da da 229 300 59 77 171 222
Unemployed da da da da 385 239 59 54 326 185
Other1 da da da da 779 617 82 56 697 561
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.11B – Received Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8
GENDER                    
Male 1.3 1.0 0.3 0.3 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.0
Female 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.8
White 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8
Black or African American 0.8 0.8 0.1 * 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
AIAN 1.6 1.8 * * 1.8 2.1 1.0 * 2.0 *
NHOPI 3.1 0.2 * * 3.4 0.2 * * * *
Asian 0.2 0.0 0.1 * 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 1.5 2.5 0.2 * 1.8 2.8 1.6 2.0 1.9 3.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.5
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 1.3 0.8 1.6 0.2 1.3 0.8
High School Graduate da da da da 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.8
College Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.6 0.7 * 0.7 0.6
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.6
Part-Time da da da da 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 3.9 1.9 1.8 1.6 4.9 2.0
Other1 da da da da 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.12A – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 4,184 4,009 172 169 4,012 3,840 578 445 3,434 3,395
GENDER                    
Male 2,678 2,092 109 94 2,569 1,998 343 225 2,226 1,773
Female 1,506 1,916 63 75 1,443 1,841 235 219 1,209 1,622
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,681 3,484 116 91 3,565 3,393 467 389 3,097 3,004
White 2,904 2,685 87 74 2,817 2,610 359 306 2,458 2,305
Black or African American 485 343 17 12 468 331 60 56 408 275
AIAN 29 119 3 * 27 119 3 * 23 119
NHOPI 53 * * * 51 * * * 50 *
Asian 41 10 2 3 39 7 21 0 18 7
Two or More Races 169 292 5 3 164 290 23 28 141 *
Hispanic or Latino 503 525 56 78 448 447 110 55 337 392
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 709 507 135 35 574 472
High School Graduate da da da da 1,185 1,266 204 163 980 1,103
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 1,357 1,485 188 198 1,169 1,287
College Graduate da da da da 761 582 51 * 710 533
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 1,647 1,382 249 184 1,398 1,199
Part-Time da da da da 422 622 90 112 332 509
Unemployed da da da da 613 365 104 66 510 299
Other1 da da da da 1,330 1,471 136 83 1,195 1,388
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.12B – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 1.5 1.4 0.7 0.7 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.6 1.6
GENDER                    
Male 2.0 1.6 0.9 0.7 2.1 1.6 2.0 1.3 2.1 1.7
Female 1.1 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.6 1.5 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.6
White 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.6 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.6
Black or African American 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.4 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.1
AIAN 1.9 7.2 1.7 * 1.9 8.3 1.4 * 2.0 9.5
NHOPI 4.8 * * * 5.1 * * * 6.0 *
Asian 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 3.2 5.5 0.6 0.4 3.7 6.2 2.4 2.7 4.1 *
Hispanic or Latino 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.4 0.7 1.0 1.1
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 2.4 1.8 2.9 0.9 2.3 1.9
High School Graduate da da da da 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.5 2.0 1.9
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 1.8 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.1
College Graduate da da da da 0.9 0.8 1.0 * 0.9 0.7
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.2
Part-Time da da da da 1.3 2.0 1.1 1.3 1.4 2.2
Unemployed da da da da 6.2 2.8 3.2 2.0 7.7 3.1
Other1 da da da da 1.6 1.6 1.7 0.9 1.6 1.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.13A – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 2,312 2,455 2,530 2,020 1,175 866 4,184 4,009
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 431 551 450 348 179 168 835 761
Midwest 629 423 519 423 300 172 975 751
South 691 931 770 747 331 272 1,272 1,451
West 560 550 791 503 364 254 1,101 1,046
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,202 933 1,426 911 647 376 2,260 1,556
Small Metro 778 1,184 786 858 392 359 1,294 1,920
Nonmetro 332 338 317 251 135 131 630 533
Urbanized 165 106 132 112 55 51 294 169
Less Urbanized 154 191 154 90 71 62 302 289
Completely Rural 13 41 32 50 10 17 34 74
POVERTY LEVEL2                
Less Than 100% 753 863 613 485 368 331 1,137 1,210
100-199% 618 620 605 352 296 248 1,115 761
200% or More 934 951 1,307 1,161 508 267 1,922 2,016
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 796 640 1,214 1,096 471 324 1,708 1,553
Medicaid/CHIP 1,040 1,130 739 629 423 421 1,589 1,566
Other4 314 538 483 514 200 197 745 981
No Coverage 369 370 336 202 186 69 588 538
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.13B – Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.5 1.4
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.7 1.6
Midwest 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.3 1.7 1.3
South 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.2 1.4
West 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 1.7 1.6
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 1.5 1.0
Small Metro 0.9 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.4 1.6 2.3
Nonmetro 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 1.7 1.3
Urbanized 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.8 1.0
Less Urbanized 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.3 1.7 1.5
Completely Rural 0.3 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.5
POVERTY LEVEL2                
Less Than 100% 2.0 2.1 1.6 1.2 1.0 0.8 3.0 2.9
100-199% 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.5 2.1 1.5
200% or More 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 1.0 1.1
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.9
Medicaid/CHIP 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.9 3.5 3.2
Other4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.3
No Coverage 1.4 1.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.2 2.2 1.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.14A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 4,184 4,009 172 * 4,012 3,840 578 * 3,434 3,395
Marijuana 827 621 * * 737 547 186 * 552 365
Cocaine 603 492 * * 595 482 61 * 534 422
Heroin 670 755 * * 666 755 72 * 594 711
Hallucinogens 286 203 * * 266 183 40 * 226 125
Inhalants 134 93 * * 130 82 13 * 117 50
Methamphetamine 635 562 3 * 631 560 65 * 566 505
Pain Relievers 731 822 11 * 721 805 78 * 643 728
Tranquilizers 310 282 10 * 300 259 50 * 249 229
Stimulants 191 118 10 * 181 94 29 * 152 55
Sedatives 168 113 * * 166 101 22 * 144 94
Alcohol 2,261 1,883 44 * 2,218 1,805 261 * 1,957 1,552
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.14B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Marijuana 19.8 15.5 * * 18.4 14.2 32.2 * 16.1 10.7
Cocaine 14.4 12.3 * * 14.8 12.5 10.5 * 15.6 12.4
Heroin 16.0 18.8 * * 16.6 19.7 12.5 * 17.3 21.0
Hallucinogens 6.8 5.1 * * 6.6 4.8 6.9 * 6.6 3.7
Inhalants 3.2 2.3 * * 3.2 2.1 2.2 * 3.4 1.5
Methamphetamine 15.2 14.0 1.9 * 15.7 14.6 11.3 * 16.5 14.9
Pain Relievers 17.5 20.5 6.2 * 18.0 21.0 13.4 * 18.7 21.4
Tranquilizers 7.4 7.0 6.0 * 7.5 6.7 8.7 * 7.3 6.7
Stimulants 4.6 2.9 6.0 * 4.5 2.4 5.0 * 4.4 1.6
Sedatives 4.0 2.8 * * 4.1 2.6 3.8 * 4.2 2.8
Alcohol 54.1 47.0 25.6 * 55.3 47.0 45.1 * 57.0 45.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.15A – Locations of Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 2,312 2,455 * * 2,194 2,349 369 * 1,824 2,071
Hospital - Inpatient 406 414 * * 379 396 64 * 316 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 578 704 * * 545 683 107 * 438 597
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,156 1,279 * * 1,133 1,258 137 * 996 1,151
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 826 987 * * 795 983 111 * 684 908
Emergency Room 292 * * * 280 * 48 * 232 *
Private Doctor’s Office 528 607 * * 511 589 73 * 438 560
Self-Help Group 1,114 1,056 * * 1,093 1,020 150 * 943 874
Prison/Jail 171 115 * * 158 113 45 * 113 104
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.15B – Locations of Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 17.6 16.8 * * 17.3 16.9 17.3 * 17.3 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 25.0 28.7 * * 24.8 29.1 29.0 * 24.0 28.8
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 50.0 52.1 * * 51.6 53.6 37.2 * 54.6 55.5
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 35.7 40.2 * * 36.3 41.8 30.2 * 37.5 43.8
Emergency Room 12.7 * * * 12.8 * 13.1 * 12.7 *
Private Doctor’s Office 22.8 24.7 * * 23.3 25.1 19.8 * 24.0 27.0
Self-Help Group 48.2 43.0 * * 49.8 43.4 40.6 * 51.7 42.2
Prison/Jail 7.4 4.7 * * 7.2 4.8 12.2 * 6.2 5.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.16A – Locations of Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 2,530 2,020 * * 2,464 1,929 339 * 2,126 1,639
Hospital - Inpatient 377 466 * * 365 441 60 * 305 356
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 541 603 * * 531 576 77 * 454 476
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 875 714 * * 869 690 102 * 766 618
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 727 590 * * 714 575 90 * 624 482
Emergency Room 244 351 * * 237 337 * * 197 *
Private Doctor’s Office 485 460 * * 479 434 63 * 416 413
Self-Help Group 1,318 1,125 * * 1,312 1,100 154 * 1,158 988
Prison/Jail 135 75 * * 130 75 40 * 90 67
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.16B – Locations of Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 14.9 23.1 * * 14.8 22.9 17.8 * 14.4 21.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 21.4 29.9 * * 21.5 29.9 22.8 * 21.3 29.0
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 34.6 35.3 * * 35.2 35.8 30.1 * 36.1 37.7
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 28.7 29.2 * * 29.0 29.8 26.5 * 29.4 29.4
Emergency Room 9.6 17.4 * * 9.6 17.4 * * 9.3 *
Private Doctor’s Office 19.2 22.8 * * 19.5 22.5 18.7 * 19.6 25.2
Self-Help Group 52.1 55.7 * * 53.2 57.0 45.4 * 54.5 60.3
Prison/Jail 5.3 3.7 * * 5.3 3.9 11.7 * 4.2 4.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.17A – Locations of Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 4,184 4,009 172 * 4,012 3,840 578 * 3,434 3,395
Hospital - Inpatient 642 801 31 * 611 767 101 * 510 668
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 1,004 1,101 46 * 958 1,065 147 * 812 913
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,747 1,788 * * 1,717 1,744 210 * 1,507 1,602
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 1,320 1,422 37 * 1,283 1,403 170 * 1,113 1,266
Emergency Room 514 732 19 * 495 707 81 * 413 623
Private Doctor’s Office 948 1,053 20 * 928 1,017 115 * 813 965
Self-Help Group 2,065 1,843 * * 2,031 1,801 243 * 1,788 1,587
Prison/Jail 254 181 16 * 238 179 59 * 179 163
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.17B – Locations of Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 15.3 20.0 17.9 * 15.2 20.0 17.5 * 14.9 19.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 24.0 27.5 26.6 * 23.9 27.7 25.4 * 23.6 26.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 41.8 44.6 * * 42.8 45.4 36.3 * 43.9 47.2
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 31.5 35.5 21.4 * 32.0 36.5 29.4 * 32.4 37.3
Emergency Room 12.3 18.3 11.0 * 12.3 18.4 14.1 * 12.0 18.4
Private Doctor’s Office 22.6 26.3 11.6 * 23.1 26.5 19.9 * 23.7 28.4
Self-Help Group 49.4 46.0 * * 50.6 46.9 42.0 * 52.1 46.7
Prison/Jail 6.1 4.5 9.5 * 5.9 4.7 10.2 * 5.2 4.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.18A – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Location in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Past Year Illicit Drug Use Disorder, Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder, Past Year Illicit Drug and Alcohol Use Disorder, and Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use Disorder, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Status Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 1,304 nc 671 nc 482 nc 1,619
12-17 nc 71 nc 48 nc 33 nc 99
18 or Older nc 1,233 nc 623 nc 449 nc 1,519
18-25 nc 195 nc 135 nc 94 nc 269
26 or Older nc 1,038 nc 488 nc 354 nc 1,250
ALCOHOL nc 633 nc 1,228 nc 478 nc 1,589
12-17 nc 36 nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 597 nc 1,166 nc 449 nc 1,518
18-25 nc 76 nc 172 nc 54 nc 203
26 or Older nc 521 nc 994 nc 395 nc 1,315
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 433 nc 445 nc 346 nc 578
12-17 nc * nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 397 nc 403 nc 318 nc 527
18-25 nc 63 nc 78 nc 41 nc 109
26 or Older nc 334 nc 325 nc 277 nc 418
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 1,504 nc 1,454 nc 614 nc 2,630
12-17 nc 72 nc 68 nc 34 nc 120
18 or Older nc 1,433 nc 1,387 nc 580 nc 2,510
18-25 nc 208 nc 229 nc 107 nc 363
26 or Older nc 1,225 nc 1,157 nc 473 nc 2,147
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.18B – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Location in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Past Year Illicit Drug Use Disorder, Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder, Past Year Illicit Drug and Alcohol Use Disorder, and Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use Disorder, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Status Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 7.1 nc 3.7 nc 2.6 nc 8.8
12-17 nc 5.9 nc 4.0 nc 2.8 nc 8.2
18 or Older nc 7.2 nc 3.6 nc 2.6 nc 8.8
18-25 nc 4.0 nc 2.8 nc 1.9 nc 5.5
26 or Older nc 8.4 nc 4.0 nc 2.9 nc 10.2
ALCOHOL nc 2.2 nc 4.3 nc 1.7 nc 5.6
12-17 nc 5.1 nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 2.2 nc 4.2 nc 1.6 nc 5.5
18-25 nc 1.5 nc 3.3 nc 1.0 nc 3.9
26 or Older nc 2.3 nc 4.4 nc 1.8 nc 5.9
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 6.7 nc 6.9 nc 5.4 nc 9.0
12-17 nc * nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 6.5 nc 6.6 nc 5.2 nc 8.6
18-25 nc 3.3 nc 4.1 nc 2.1 nc 5.7
26 or Older nc 8.0 nc 7.8 nc 6.6 nc 10.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 3.7 nc 3.6 nc 1.5 nc 6.5
12-17 nc 4.5 nc 4.3 nc 2.1 nc 7.6
18 or Older nc 3.7 nc 3.6 nc 1.5 nc 6.5
18-25 nc 2.5 nc 2.8 nc 1.3 nc 4.4
26 or Older nc 4.0 nc 3.8 nc 1.6 nc 7.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor’s office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.19A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 1,624 1,918 1,444 1,098 550 384 2,640 2,685
12-20 125 93 71 63 46 45 173 120
21 or Older 1,499 1,826 1,373 1,035 504 340 2,466 2,565
12-17 53 30 19 30 12 13 68 55
12-13 1 * * * * * 2 8
14-15 15 7 2 2 * * 20 9
16-17 37 24 18 28 11 13 45 38
18 or Older 1,572 1,888 1,425 1,069 538 371 2,572 2,630
18-25 231 183 186 174 99 56 357 301
18-20 73 63 52 33 34 31 105 65
21-25 158 121 134 141 65 25 252 236
26 or Older 1,341 1,705 1,239 895 440 315 2,214 2,329
26-49 1,044 1,193 750 565 327 225 1,502 1,576
26-29 191 162 156 89 83 47 266 206
30-34 288 304 170 89 65 24 402 373
35-39 224 347 142 179 63 40 311 508
40-44 204 181 130 143 60 96 286 229
45-49 137 199 152 65 56 18 237 261
50 or Older 296 512 489 330 113 90 712 752
50-54 96 143 152 141 36 64 213 220
55-59 113 279 154 34 50 9 217 305
60-64 66 64 142 57 20 * 193 122
65 or Older 21 25 41 98 7 17 88 105
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.19B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Detailed Age Category, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.0
12-20 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.3
21 or Older 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.1
12-17 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2
12-13 0.0 * * * * * 0.0 0.1
14-15 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 * * 0.2 0.1
16-17 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5
18 or Older 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.0
18-25 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.2 1.1 0.9
18-20 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.5
21-25 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.1 1.2 1.1
26 or Older 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.1
26-49 1.0 1.2 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.5 1.6
26-29 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.3 1.5 1.2
30-34 1.3 1.3 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 1.8 1.6
35-39 1.0 1.6 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.2 1.5 2.3
40-44 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 1.5 1.2
45-49 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 1.2 1.4
50 or Older 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.6
50-54 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.1
55-59 0.5 1.3 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.0 1.0 1.4
60-64 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.1 * 0.9 0.6
65 or Older 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.20A – Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 1,624 1,918 53 30 1,572 1,888 231 183 1,341 1,705
GENDER                    
Male 959 795 29 8 931 786 127 75 804 711
Female 665 1,124 24 22 641 1,102 104 109 537 994
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,491 1,639 43 25 1,447 1,614 188 150 1,259 1,464
White 1,231 1,355 35 23 1,196 1,332 160 133 1,036 1,199
Black or African American 167 160 7 * 160 160 13 6 147 154
AIAN 7 * 0 * 7 * 0 * 7 *
NHOPI 17 * * * 17 * * * 17 *
Asian 1 3 * * 1 3 * * 1 3
Two or More Races 67 49 1 * 66 47 15 * 51 37
Hispanic or Latino 134 280 9 5 124 275 43 34 81 241
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 274 211 61 33 213 178
High School Graduate da da da da 565 702 75 70 490 632
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 555 864 93 79 462 785
College Graduate da da da da 178 111 2 2 176 109
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 567 518 81 71 485 447
Part-Time da da da da 194 284 41 45 153 239
Unemployed da da da da 253 263 28 22 225 241
Other1 da da da da 559 824 81 45 478 779
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.20B – Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8
GENDER                    
Male 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.7
Female 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8
White 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9
Black or African American 0.5 0.5 0.2 * 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.6
AIAN 0.5 * 0.1 * 0.5 * 0.2 * 0.6 *
NHOPI 1.5 * * * 1.7 * * * 2.0 *
Asian 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0
Two or More Races 1.3 0.9 0.1 * 1.5 1.0 1.6 * 1.5 1.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.7
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 0.9 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.8 0.7
High School Graduate da da da da 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 0.7 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.3
College Graduate da da da da 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4
Part-Time da da da da 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0
Unemployed da da da da 2.5 2.0 0.8 0.6 3.4 2.5
Other1 da da da da 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.21A – Received Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 1,444 1,098 19 30 1,425 1,069 186 174 1,239 895
GENDER                    
Male 974 738 11 16 963 722 112 97 851 625
Female 470 361 8 14 461 346 74 77 388 269
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,275 955 17 15 1,258 940 150 173 1,108 767
White 1,009 682 15 15 994 667 119 154 875 513
Black or African American 172 142 2 * 170 142 17 9 153 133
AIAN 20 31 * * 20 31 2 * 19 *
NHOPI 13 * * * 13 * * * 12 *
Asian 15 3 * * 15 3 6 * 10 3
Two or More Races 45 98 * * 45 98 6 * 39 *
Hispanic or Latino 169 144 3 15 167 129 36 1 131 127
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 245 111 50 2 195 109
High School Graduate da da da da 403 342 49 35 353 307
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 477 313 70 92 407 221
College Graduate da da da da 300 302 16 * 284 258
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 564 376 73 77 490 299
Part-Time da da da da 139 170 27 43 113 126
Unemployed da da da da 295 148 33 21 261 128
Other1 da da da da 427 374 52 33 375 341
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.21B – Received Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4
GENDER                    
Male 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6
Female 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4
White 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.4
Black or African American 0.5 0.4 0.1 * 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.5
AIAN 1.3 1.8 * * 1.5 2.1 0.8 * 1.6 *
NHOPI 1.2 * * * 1.3 * * * 1.5 *
Asian 0.1 0.0 * * 0.1 0.0 0.3 * 0.1 0.0
Two or More Races 0.8 1.8 * * 1.0 2.1 0.7 * 1.1 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.4 0.4
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 0.8 0.4 1.1 0.1 0.8 0.4
High School Graduate da da da da 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.5
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4
College Graduate da da da da 0.4 0.4 0.3 * 0.4 0.4
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3
Part-Time da da da da 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6
Unemployed da da da da 3.0 1.2 1.0 0.6 3.9 1.3
Other1 da da da da 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.22A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 2,640 2,685 68 55 2,572 2,630 357 301 2,214 2,329
GENDER                    
Male 1,657 1,314 40 23 1,616 1,291 207 133 1,409 1,158
Female 983 1,371 28 32 955 1,339 150 168 805 1,171
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,417 2,358 59 35 2,359 2,322 300 266 2,059 2,056
White 1,939 1,897 47 33 1,892 1,864 239 240 1,653 1,624
Black or African American 295 214 11 * 284 214 34 15 250 199
AIAN 21 70 0 * 21 70 2 * 19 70
NHOPI 33 * * * 33 * * * 32 *
Asian 19 3 * * 19 3 8 * 11 3
Two or More Races 110 139 1 * 110 137 16 * 94 126
Hispanic or Latino 222 328 9 20 213 307 57 35 155 272
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 471 266 84 34 387 232
High School Graduate da da da da 833 896 130 87 703 809
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 897 1,060 128 134 770 926
College Graduate da da da da 370 408 16 * 354 362
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 983 826 133 119 849 708
Part-Time da da da da 295 413 54 75 240 337
Unemployed da da da da 451 302 60 32 391 270
Other1 da da da da 843 1,088 110 75 734 1,014
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.22B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.1
GENDER                    
Male 1.2 1.0 0.3 0.2 1.3 1.1 1.2 0.8 1.4 1.1
Female 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1
White 1.1 1.1 0.4 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2
Black or African American 0.9 0.6 0.3 * 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.3 1.0 0.8
AIAN 1.4 4.2 0.1 * 1.5 4.8 1.0 * 1.6 5.6
NHOPI 3.0 * * * 3.3 * * * 3.8 *
Asian 0.1 0.0 * * 0.1 0.0 0.4 * 0.1 0.0
Two or More Races 2.1 2.6 0.1 * 2.5 2.9 1.7 * 2.7 3.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8
EDUCATION LEVEL                    
< High School da da da da 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.9 1.5 0.9
High School Graduate da da da da 1.4 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.4 1.4
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.5
College Graduate da da da da 0.4 0.5 0.3 * 0.5 0.5
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                    
Full-Time da da da da 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Part-Time da da da da 0.9 1.3 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.5
Unemployed da da da da 4.5 2.3 1.8 1.0 5.9 2.8
Other1 da da da da 1.0 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.0 1.2
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.23A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 1,624 1,918 1,444 1,098 550 384 2,640 2,685
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 335 473 259 210 96 67 522 630
Midwest 484 294 290 269 144 70 662 495
South 466 724 467 305 152 110 792 933
West 340 428 427 315 159 137 663 626
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 877 642 798 499 347 149 1,412 1,011
Small Metro 502 993 445 454 144 145 831 1,317
Nonmetro 246 283 201 146 59 90 398 358
Urbanized 140 72 90 74 37 33 197 114
Less Urbanized 98 185 90 68 16 54 173 213
Completely Rural 8 27 20 3 6 2 27 31
POVERTY LEVEL2                
Less Than 100% 576 711 360 267 183 156 801 834
100-199% 484 468 405 205 151 105 748 586
200% or More 562 739 677 625 215 123 1,088 1,264
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 480 356 589 534 195 131 917 780
Medicaid/CHIP 838 964 490 447 212 226 1,160 1,208
Other4 211 453 281 306 102 88 427 671
No Coverage 252 316 194 104 93 25 370 405
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.23B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
TOTAL 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.0
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.1 1.3
Midwest 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.1 1.2 0.9
South 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.9
West 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.7
Small Metro 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.6
Nonmetro 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
Urbanized 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.7
Less Urbanized 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.3 1.0 1.1
Completely Rural 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.6
POVERTY LEVEL2                
Less Than 100% 1.5 1.7 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 2.1 2.0
100-199% 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.4 1.2
200% or More 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.4
Medicaid/CHIP 1.9 2.0 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.5
Other4 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.9
No Coverage 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.1 1.4 1.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.24A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 1,926 1,854 * * 1,888 1,809 257 * 1,632 1,667
Marijuana 465 292 * * 437 283 118 * 320 235
Cocaine 405 354 * * 403 344 38 * 365 322
Heroin 467 * * * 467 * 47 * 419 *
Hallucinogens 157 68 * * 147 65 27 * 119 46
Inhalants 63 28 * * 59 28 8 * 52 24
Methamphetamine 380 267 * * 379 265 32 * 346 245
Pain Relievers 425 491 * * 418 489 56 * 362 465
Tranquilizers 167 228 * * 162 220 37 * 125 *
Stimulants 96 63 * * 94 54 14 * 80 44
Sedatives 70 75 * * 69 75 17 * 52 68
Alcohol 1,079 808 * * 1,058 773 139 * 919 700
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.24B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Marijuana 24.1 15.7 * * 23.2 15.6 45.8 * 19.6 14.1
Cocaine 21.0 19.1 * * 21.3 19.0 14.9 * 22.4 19.3
Heroin 24.2 * * * 24.7 * 18.5 * 25.7 *
Hallucinogens 8.1 3.6 * * 7.8 3.6 10.7 * 7.3 2.8
Inhalants 3.3 1.5 * * 3.1 1.5 3.0 * 3.2 1.4
Methamphetamine 19.7 14.4 * * 20.0 14.7 12.5 * 21.2 14.7
Pain Relievers 22.1 26.5 * * 22.1 27.0 21.8 * 22.2 27.9
Tranquilizers 8.7 12.3 * * 8.6 12.1 14.4 * 7.7 *
Stimulants 5.0 3.4 * * 5.0 3.0 5.5 * 4.9 2.7
Sedatives 3.6 4.0 * * 3.7 4.1 6.6 * 3.2 4.1
Alcohol 56.0 43.6 * * 56.0 42.7 54.1 * 56.3 42.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.25A – Locations of Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 1,624 1,918 * * 1,572 1,888 231 * 1,341 1,705
Hospital - Inpatient 406 * * * 379 * 64 * 316 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 578 * * * 545 * 107 * 438 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,156 * * * 1,133 * 137 * 996 *
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 826 987 * * 795 983 111 * 684 *
Emergency Room2 288 * * * 276 * 47 * 230 *
Private Doctor’s Office2 439 468 * * 432 466 * * 374 444
Self-Help Group2 894 867 * * 878 846 121 * 757 *
Prison/Jail2 134 113 * * 124 111 * * 99 102
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.25B – Locations of Illicit Drug Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 25.0 * * * 24.1 * 27.5 * 23.6 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 35.6 * * * 34.7 * 46.2 * 32.7 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 71.2 * * * 72.1 * 59.4 * 74.3 *
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 50.8 51.4 * * 50.6 52.0 48.2 * 51.0 *
Emergency Room2 17.7 * * * 17.6 * 20.1 * 17.1 *
Private Doctor’s Office2 27.0 24.4 * * 27.5 24.7 * * 27.9 26.1
Self-Help Group2 55.0 45.2 * * 55.9 44.8 52.4 * 56.5 *
Prison/Jail2 8.2 5.9 * * 7.9 5.9 * * 7.4 6.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.26A – Locations of Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 1,444 1,098 * * 1,425 1,069 * * 1,239 895
Hospital - Inpatient 377 * * * 365 * * * 305 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 541 * * * 531 * * * 454 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 875 * * * 869 * * * 766 *
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 727 * * * 714 * * * 624 *
Emergency Room2 199 * * * 193 * * * 158 *
Private Doctor’s Office2 318 * * * 314 * * * 271 *
Self-Help Group2 786 * * * 784 * * * 674 *
Prison/Jail2 111 75 * * 107 75 * * 81 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.26B – Locations of Alcohol Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 26.1 * * * 25.6 * * * 24.6 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 37.5 * * * 37.3 * * * 36.6 *
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 60.6 * * * 61.0 * * * 61.9 *
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 50.3 * * * 50.1 * * * 50.4 *
Emergency Room2 13.8 * * * 13.5 * * * 12.8 *
Private Doctor’s Office2 22.0 * * * 22.0 * * * 21.9 *
Self-Help Group2 54.5 * * * 55.0 * * * 54.4 *
Prison/Jail2 7.7 6.8 * * 7.5 7.0 * * 6.5 *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.27A – Locations of Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 2,640 2,685 * * 2,572 2,630 357 * 2,214 2,329
Hospital - Inpatient 642 801 * * 611 767 101 * 510 668
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 1,004 1,101 * * 958 1,065 147 * 812 913
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,747 1,788 * * 1,717 1,744 210 * 1,507 1,602
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 1,320 1,422 * * 1,283 1,403 170 * 1,113 1,266
Emergency Room2 460 724 * * 441 702 73 * 368 621
Private Doctor’s Office2 714 745 * * 705 716 87 * 618 684
Self-Help Group2 1,465 1,402 * * 1,440 1,372 178 * 1,262 1,195
Prison/Jail2 210 174 * * 197 172 34 * 163 157
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.27B – Locations of Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Location of Treatment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Hospital - Inpatient 24.3 29.8 * * 23.8 29.2 28.3 * 23.0 28.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 38.0 41.0 * * 37.3 40.5 41.0 * 36.7 39.2
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 66.2 66.6 * * 66.8 66.3 58.7 * 68.1 68.8
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 50.0 53.0 * * 49.9 53.4 47.5 * 50.3 54.4
Emergency Room2 17.4 27.0 * * 17.2 26.7 20.5 * 16.6 26.7
Private Doctor’s Office2 27.0 27.7 * * 27.4 27.2 24.4 * 27.9 29.4
Self-Help Group2 55.5 52.2 * * 56.0 52.2 49.8 * 57.0 51.3
Prison/Jail2 8.0 6.5 * * 7.7 6.5 9.4 * 7.4 6.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for receiving substance use treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Virtual substance use treatment is not included as a separate treatment location in this table. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
2 Emergency Room, Private Doctor’s Office, Self-Help Group, and Prison/Jail are not considered specialty facilities.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.28A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 1,191 1,377 * * 1,169 1,356 * * 1,003 1,253
Private Health Insurance 573 462 * * 555 449 * * 487 *
Medicare 476 * * * 464 * * * 425 *
Medicaid 581 * * * 579 * * * 536 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 357 * * * 356 * * * 317 *
Own Savings or Earnings 376 439 * * 371 439 * * 318 *
Family Members 238 298 * * 229 286 * * 170 260
Courts 152 161 * * 148 161 * * 121 155
Military-Related Health Care 61 * * * 59 * * * 50 *
Employer 41 36 * * 41 36 * * 40 36
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.28B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0
Private Health Insurance 48.1 33.5 * * 47.5 33.1 * * 48.6 *
Medicare 40.0 * * * 39.7 * * * 42.3 *
Medicaid 48.8 * * * 49.5 * * * 53.5 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 30.0 * * * 30.5 * * * 31.6 *
Own Savings or Earnings 31.6 31.9 * * 31.8 32.4 * * 31.7 *
Family Members 20.0 21.7 * * 19.6 21.1 * * 16.9 20.8
Courts 12.8 11.7 * * 12.7 11.9 * * 12.1 12.4
Military-Related Health Care 5.1 * * * 5.0 * * * 5.0 *
Employer 3.5 2.6 * * 3.5 2.7 * * 4.0 2.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for illicit drug use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.29A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 999 * * * 984 * * * 870 *
Private Health Insurance 420 * * * 411 * * * 349 *
Medicare 288 * * * 284 * * * * *
Medicaid 283 * * * 280 * * * 255 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 210 * * * 208 * * * 174 *
Own Savings or Earnings 453 * * * 451 * * * 404 *
Family Members 206 * * * 200 * * * * *
Courts * * * * * * * * * *
Military-Related Health Care * * * * * * * * * *
Employer * * * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.29B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 * * * 100.0 * * * 100.0 *
Private Health Insurance 42.0 * * * 41.8 * * * 40.1 *
Medicare 28.8 * * * 28.9 * * * * *
Medicaid 28.3 * * * 28.4 * * * 29.4 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 21.0 * * * 21.1 * * * 19.9 *
Own Savings or Earnings 45.3 * * * 45.8 * * * 46.4 *
Family Members 20.6 * * * 20.4 * * * * *
Courts * * * * * * * * * *
Military-Related Health Care * * * * * * * * * *
Employer * * * * * * * * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for alcohol use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.30A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Substance Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 1,926 1,854 * * 1,888 1,809 257 * 1,632 1,667
Private Health Insurance 933 818 * * 909 794 * * 780 694
Medicare 713 * * * 697 * 73 * 624 *
Medicaid 818 894 * * 812 892 70 * 742 859
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 546 535 * * 543 528 74 * 469 *
Own Savings or Earnings 825 704 * * 818 704 101 * 717 669
Family Members 404 426 * * 391 406 98 * 294 338
Courts 256 179 * * 248 179 * * 203 163
Military-Related Health Care 179 148 * * 175 147 27 * 148 *
Employer 119 56 * * 119 56 10 * * 56
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.30B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Substance Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year; by Age Group, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Source of Payment1 Aged 12+
(2019)
Aged 12+
(2020)
Aged 12-17
(2019)
Aged 12-17
(2020)
Aged 18+
(2019)
Aged 18+
(2020)
Aged 18-25
(2019)
Aged 18-25
(2020)
Aged 26+
(2019)
Aged 26+
(2020)
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 * * 100.0 100.0 100.0 * 100.0 100.0
Private Health Insurance 48.4 44.1 * * 48.1 43.9 * * 47.8 41.6
Medicare 37.0 * * * 36.9 * 28.5 * 38.2 *
Medicaid 42.5 48.2 * * 43.0 49.3 27.4 * 45.5 51.5
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 28.3 28.9 * * 28.8 29.2 28.8 * 28.8 *
Own Savings or Earnings 42.8 38.0 * * 43.3 38.9 39.5 * 43.9 40.1
Family Members 21.0 23.0 * * 20.7 22.4 38.1 * 18.0 20.3
Courts 13.3 9.6 * * 13.2 9.9 * * 12.4 9.8
Military-Related Health Care 9.3 8.0 * * 9.3 8.1 10.5 * 9.1 *
Employer 6.2 3.0 * * 6.3 3.1 3.9 * * 3.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.31A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Past Year Illicit Drug Use Disorder, Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder, Past Year Illicit Drug and Alcohol Use Disorder, and Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use Disorder, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Status Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 1,009 nc 378 nc 190 nc 1,237
12-17 nc 24 nc * nc * nc 40
18 or Older nc 985 nc 355 nc 181 nc 1,197
18-25 nc 128 nc 67 nc 24 nc 171
26 or Older nc 857 nc 289 nc 157 nc 1,026
ALCOHOL nc 460 nc 764 nc 245 nc 1,003
12-17 nc 17 nc * nc * nc 32
18 or Older nc 443 nc 741 nc 236 nc 971
18-25 nc 37 nc 120 nc 7 nc 150
26 or Older nc 406 nc 621 nc 229 nc 821
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 302 nc 237 nc 137 nc 426
12-17 nc * nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 285 nc 214 nc 128 nc 395
18-25 nc 36 nc 45 nc 5 nc 76
26 or Older nc 250 nc 169 nc 123 nc 319
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 1,168 nc 906 nc 298 nc 1,814
12-17 nc 25 nc 24 nc * nc 40
18 or Older nc 1,143 nc 882 nc 289 nc 1,774
18-25 nc 130 nc 141 nc 26 nc 246
26 or Older nc 1,013 nc 741 nc 264 nc 1,528
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.31B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Past Year Illicit Drug Use Disorder, Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder, Past Year Illicit Drug and Alcohol Use Disorder, and Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use Disorder, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Substance Use Disorder Status Illicit Drugs
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
(2020)
Alcohol
(2019)
Alcohol
(2020)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2019)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2020)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2019)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2020)
ILLICIT DRUGS nc 5.5 nc 2.1 nc 1.0 nc 6.7
12-17 nc 2.0 nc * nc * nc 3.3
18 or Older nc 5.7 nc 2.1 nc 1.1 nc 7.0
18-25 nc 2.6 nc 1.4 nc 0.5 nc 3.5
26 or Older nc 7.0 nc 2.3 nc 1.3 nc 8.3
ALCOHOL nc 1.6 nc 2.7 nc 0.9 nc 3.5
12-17 nc 2.4 nc * nc * nc 4.5
18 or Older nc 1.6 nc 2.7 nc 0.9 nc 3.5
18-25 nc 0.7 nc 2.3 nc 0.1 nc 2.9
26 or Older nc 1.8 nc 2.8 nc 1.0 nc 3.7
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL nc 4.7 nc 3.7 nc 2.1 nc 6.6
12-17 nc * nc * nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 4.7 nc 3.5 nc 2.1 nc 6.5
18-25 nc 1.9 nc 2.4 nc 0.3 nc 3.9
26 or Older nc 6.0 nc 4.0 nc 2.9 nc 7.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL nc 2.9 nc 2.2 nc 0.7 nc 4.5
12-17 nc 1.6 nc 1.5 nc * nc 2.5
18 or Older nc 3.0 nc 2.3 nc 0.7 nc 4.6
18-25 nc 1.6 nc 1.7 nc 0.3 nc 3.0
26 or Older nc 3.3 nc 2.4 nc 0.9 nc 5.0
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Specialty facilities for substance use treatment include hospitals (inpatient only), rehabilitation facilities (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health centers. Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.32A – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Detailed Age Category, Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 19,303 nc 1,918 nc 17,385 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
12-20 nc 2,770 nc 93 nc 2,677 nc 3.4 nc 96.6
21 or Older nc 16,534 nc 1,826 nc 14,708 nc 11.0 nc 89.0
12-17 nc 1,219 nc 30 nc 1,188 nc 2.5 nc 97.5
12-13 nc 75 nc * nc 75 nc * nc *
14-15 nc 445 nc 7 nc 439 nc 1.5 nc 98.5
16-17 nc 698 nc 24 nc 675 nc 3.4 nc 96.6
18 or Older nc 18,085 nc 1,888 nc 16,197 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
18-25 nc 4,933 nc 183 nc 4,750 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
18-20 nc 1,551 nc 63 nc 1,488 nc 4.0 nc 96.0
21-25 nc 3,382 nc 121 nc 3,261 nc 3.6 nc 96.4
26 or Older nc 13,152 nc 1,705 nc 11,447 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
26-49 nc 9,435 nc 1,193 nc 8,242 nc 12.6 nc 87.4
26-29 nc 2,237 nc 162 nc 2,075 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
30-34 nc 2,084 nc 304 nc 1,780 nc 14.6 nc 85.4
35-39 nc 2,166 nc 347 nc 1,820 nc 16.0 nc 84.0
40-44 nc 1,417 nc 181 nc 1,235 nc 12.8 nc 87.2
45-49 nc 1,531 nc 199 nc 1,332 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
50 or Older nc 3,717 nc 512 nc 3,205 nc 13.8 nc 86.2
50-54 nc 1,056 nc 143 nc 913 nc * nc *
55-59 nc 1,194 nc 279 nc 915 nc * nc *
60-64 nc 643 nc 64 nc 579 nc * nc *
65 or Older nc 824 nc 25 nc 799 nc * nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.32B – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Detailed Age Category, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Age Category Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 7.0 nc 0.7 nc 6.3 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
12-20 nc 7.4 nc 0.2 nc 7.2 nc 3.4 nc 96.6
21 or Older nc 6.9 nc 0.8 nc 6.1 nc 11.0 nc 89.0
12-17 nc 4.9 nc 0.1 nc 4.8 nc 2.5 nc 97.5
12-13 nc 0.9 nc * nc 0.9 nc * nc *
14-15 nc 5.1 nc 0.1 nc 5.1 nc 1.5 nc 98.5
16-17 nc 8.9 nc 0.3 nc 8.6 nc 3.4 nc 96.6
18 or Older nc 7.2 nc 0.7 nc 6.4 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
18-25 nc 14.7 nc 0.5 nc 14.2 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
18-20 nc 12.5 nc 0.5 nc 12.0 nc 4.0 nc 96.0
21-25 nc 16.1 nc 0.6 nc 15.5 nc 3.6 nc 96.4
26 or Older nc 6.0 nc 0.8 nc 5.2 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
26-49 nc 9.3 nc 1.2 nc 8.1 nc 12.6 nc 87.4
26-29 nc 12.6 nc 0.9 nc 11.7 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
30-34 nc 9.2 nc 1.3 nc 7.8 nc 14.6 nc 85.4
35-39 nc 9.7 nc 1.6 nc 8.2 nc 16.0 nc 84.0
40-44 nc 7.3 nc 0.9 nc 6.4 nc 12.8 nc 87.2
45-49 nc 7.9 nc 1.0 nc 6.9 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
50 or Older nc 3.2 nc 0.4 nc 2.7 nc 13.8 nc 86.2
50-54 nc 5.3 nc 0.7 nc 4.6 nc * nc *
55-59 nc 5.5 nc 1.3 nc 4.2 nc * nc *
60-64 nc 3.1 nc 0.3 nc 2.8 nc * nc *
65 or Older nc 1.5 nc 0.0 nc 1.5 nc * nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.33A – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 19,303 nc 1,918 nc 17,385 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 1,219 nc 30 nc 1,188 nc 2.5 nc 97.5
18 or Older nc 18,085 nc 1,888 nc 16,197 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
18-25 nc 4,933 nc 183 nc 4,750 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
26 or Older nc 13,152 nc 1,705 nc 11,447 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
GENDER                    
Male nc 10,679 nc 795 nc 9,884 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
Female nc 8,625 nc 1,124 nc 7,501 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 16,344 nc 1,639 nc 14,706 nc 10.0 nc 90.0
White nc 12,549 nc 1,355 nc 11,195 nc 10.8 nc 89.2
Black or African American nc 2,289 nc 160 nc 2,129 nc 7.0 nc 93.0
AIAN nc 282 nc * nc 242 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc * nc 13 nc * nc *
Asian nc 489 nc 3 nc 487 nc * nc *
Two or More Races nc 690 nc 49 nc 641 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
Hispanic or Latino nc 2,959 nc 280 nc 2,679 nc 9.5 nc 90.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.33B – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 7.0 nc 0.7 nc 6.3 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 4.9 nc 0.1 nc 4.8 nc 2.5 nc 97.5
18 or Older nc 7.2 nc 0.7 nc 6.4 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
18-25 nc 14.7 nc 0.5 nc 14.2 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
26 or Older nc 6.0 nc 0.8 nc 5.2 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
GENDER                    
Male nc 7.9 nc 0.6 nc 7.4 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
Female nc 6.1 nc 0.8 nc 5.3 nc 13.0 nc 87.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 7.2 nc 0.7 nc 6.4 nc 10.0 nc 90.0
White nc 7.3 nc 0.8 nc 6.6 nc 10.8 nc 89.2
Black or African American nc 6.8 nc 0.5 nc 6.3 nc 7.0 nc 93.0
AIAN nc 17.0 nc * nc 14.6 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc * nc 1.3 nc * nc *
Asian nc 3.0 nc 0.0 nc 3.0 nc * nc *
Two or More Races nc 13.0 nc 0.9 nc 12.1 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
Hispanic or Latino nc 6.1 nc 0.6 nc 5.5 nc 9.5 nc 90.5
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.34A – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 19,303 nc 1,918 nc 17,385 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 3,422 nc 473 nc 2,949 nc 13.8 nc 86.2
Midwest nc 3,934 nc 294 nc 3,640 nc 7.5 nc 92.5
South nc 6,742 nc 724 nc 6,019 nc 10.7 nc 89.3
West nc 5,204 nc 428 nc 4,777 nc 8.2 nc 91.8
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 9,850 nc 642 nc 9,208 nc 6.5 nc 93.5
Small Metro nc 6,614 nc 993 nc 5,622 nc 15.0 nc 85.0
Nonmetro nc 2,839 nc 283 nc 2,556 nc 10.0 nc 90.0
Urbanized nc 1,227 nc 72 nc 1,155 nc 5.9 nc 94.1
Less Urbanized nc 1,499 nc 185 nc 1,314 nc * nc *
Completely Rural nc 113 nc 27 nc 87 nc * nc *
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 4,494 nc 711 nc 3,783 nc 15.8 nc 84.2
100-199% nc 4,508 nc 468 nc 4,040 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
200% or More nc 10,245 nc 739 nc 9,506 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 9,467 nc 356 nc 9,112 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
Medicaid/CHIP nc 6,155 nc 964 nc 5,191 nc 15.7 nc 84.3
Other3 nc 3,012 nc 453 nc 2,559 nc 15.0 nc 85.0
No Coverage nc 2,995 nc 316 nc 2,678 nc 10.6 nc 89.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18-22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.34B – Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Illicit Drug Use Treatment; by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 7.0 nc 0.7 nc 6.3 nc 9.9 nc 90.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                    
Northeast nc 7.2 nc 1.0 nc 6.2 nc 13.8 nc 86.2
Midwest nc 6.9 nc 0.5 nc 6.3 nc 7.5 nc 92.5
South nc 6.4 nc 0.7 nc 5.7 nc 10.7 nc 89.3
West nc 7.9 nc 0.6 nc 7.2 nc 8.2 nc 91.8
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro nc 6.5 nc 0.4 nc 6.1 nc 6.5 nc 93.5
Small Metro nc 7.8 nc 1.2 nc 6.6 nc 15.0 nc 85.0
Nonmetro nc 6.9 nc 0.7 nc 6.2 nc 10.0 nc 90.0
Urbanized nc 7.4 nc 0.4 nc 7.0 nc 5.9 nc 94.1
Less Urbanized nc 7.6 nc 0.9 nc 6.7 nc * nc *
Completely Rural nc 2.2 nc 0.5 nc 1.7 nc * nc *
POVERTY LEVEL1                    
Less Than 100% nc 10.7 nc 1.7 nc 9.0 nc 15.8 nc 84.2
100-199% nc 8.9 nc 0.9 nc 8.0 nc 10.4 nc 89.6
200% or More nc 5.6 nc 0.4 nc 5.2 nc 7.2 nc 92.8
HEALTH INSURANCE2                    
Private nc 5.4 nc 0.2 nc 5.2 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
Medicaid/CHIP nc 12.6 nc 2.0 nc 10.7 nc 15.7 nc 84.3
Other3 nc 3.9 nc 0.6 nc 3.4 nc 15.0 nc 85.0
No Coverage nc 10.5 nc 1.1 nc 9.4 nc 10.6 nc 89.4
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Respondents aged 18-22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
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Table 5.35A – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 17,385 nc 586 nc 114 nc 472 nc 16,799
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 1,188 nc 24 nc 3 nc 21 nc 1,165
18 or Older nc 16,197 nc 563 nc 111 nc 451 nc 15,634
18-25 nc 4,750 nc 108 nc 43 nc 66 nc 4,641
26 or Older nc 11,447 nc 454 nc 69 nc 385 nc 10,993
GENDER                    
Male nc 9,884 nc 368 nc 75 nc 293 nc 9,516
Female nc 7,501 nc 218 nc 39 nc 179 nc 7,283
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug use treatment, as well as people who received illicit drug use treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.35B – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Illicit Drug Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 100.0 nc 3.4 nc 0.7 nc 2.7 nc 96.6
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 100.0 nc 2.0 nc 0.2 nc 1.8 nc 98.0
18 or Older nc 100.0 nc 3.5 nc 0.7 nc 2.8 nc 96.5
18-25 nc 100.0 nc 2.3 nc 0.9 nc 1.4 nc 97.7
26 or Older nc 100.0 nc 4.0 nc 0.6 nc 3.4 nc 96.0
GENDER                    
Male nc 100.0 nc 3.7 nc 0.8 nc 3.0 nc 96.3
Female nc 100.0 nc 2.9 nc 0.5 nc 2.4 nc 97.1
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing illicit drug use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Illicit drug use disorder (IDUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). IDUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug use treatment, as well as people who received illicit drug use treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.36A – Classified as Needing Alcohol Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Alcohol Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 28,654 nc 1,098 nc 27,555 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 718 nc 30 nc 688 nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 27,936 nc 1,069 nc 26,867 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
18-25 nc 5,269 nc 174 nc 5,095 nc 3.3 nc 96.7
26 or Older nc 22,667 nc 895 nc 21,773 nc 3.9 nc 96.1
GENDER                    
Male nc 15,932 nc 738 nc 15,194 nc 4.6 nc 95.4
Female nc 12,722 nc 361 nc 12,362 nc 2.8 nc 97.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 24,094 nc 955 nc 23,140 nc 4.0 nc 96.0
White nc 18,561 nc 682 nc 17,879 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
Black or African American nc 3,345 nc 142 nc 3,203 nc 4.2 nc 95.8
AIAN nc 214 nc 31 nc 183 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc 48 nc * nc 48 nc * nc *
Asian nc 1,142 nc 3 nc 1,139 nc 0.2 nc 99.8
Two or More Races nc 785 nc 98 nc 687 nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 4,560 nc 144 nc 4,416 nc 3.2 nc 96.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing alcohol use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an alcohol use disorder or received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.36B – Classified as Needing Alcohol Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Alcohol Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 10.3 nc 0.4 nc 10.0 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 2.9 nc 0.1 nc 2.8 nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 11.1 nc 0.4 nc 10.7 nc 3.8 nc 96.2
18-25 nc 15.7 nc 0.5 nc 15.2 nc 3.3 nc 96.7
26 or Older nc 10.4 nc 0.4 nc 10.0 nc 3.9 nc 96.1
GENDER                    
Male nc 11.9 nc 0.5 nc 11.3 nc 4.6 nc 95.4
Female nc 8.9 nc 0.3 nc 8.7 nc 2.8 nc 97.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 10.5 nc 0.4 nc 10.1 nc 4.0 nc 96.0
White nc 10.9 nc 0.4 nc 10.5 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
Black or African American nc 10.0 nc 0.4 nc 9.5 nc 4.2 nc 95.8
AIAN nc 12.9 nc 1.8 nc 11.0 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc 4.8 nc * nc 4.8 nc * nc *
Asian nc 7.0 nc 0.0 nc 7.0 nc 0.2 nc 99.8
Two or More Races nc 14.8 nc 1.8 nc 12.9 nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 9.4 nc 0.3 nc 9.1 nc 3.2 nc 96.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing alcohol use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an alcohol use disorder or received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.37A – Perceived Need for Alcohol Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 27,555 nc 559 nc 115 nc 444 nc 26,996
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 688 nc 4 nc 4 nc * nc 684
18 or Older nc 26,867 nc 556 nc 112 nc 444 nc 26,312
18-25 nc 5,095 nc 51 nc 11 nc 40 nc 5,044
26 or Older nc 21,773 nc 505 nc 101 nc 404 nc 21,268
GENDER                    
Male nc 15,194 nc 391 nc 84 nc 307 nc 14,803
Female nc 12,362 nc 168 nc 31 nc 137 nc 12,193
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing alcohol use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an alcohol use disorder or received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Alcohol Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received alcohol use treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.37B – Perceived Need for Alcohol Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Alcohol Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 100.0 nc 2.0 nc 0.4 nc 1.6 nc 98.0
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 100.0 nc 0.5 nc 0.5 nc * nc 99.5
18 or Older nc 100.0 nc 2.1 nc 0.4 nc 1.7 nc 97.9
18-25 nc 100.0 nc 1.0 nc 0.2 nc 0.8 nc 99.0
26 or Older nc 100.0 nc 2.3 nc 0.5 nc 1.9 nc 97.7
GENDER                    
Male nc 100.0 nc 2.6 nc 0.6 nc 2.0 nc 97.4
Female nc 100.0 nc 1.4 nc 0.3 nc 1.1 nc 98.6
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing alcohol use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an alcohol use disorder or received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Alcohol Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received alcohol use treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.38A – Classified as Needing Substance Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Substance Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 41,135 nc 2,685 nc 38,449 nc 6.5 nc 93.5
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 1,600 nc 55 nc 1,544 nc 3.5 nc 96.5
18 or Older nc 39,535 nc 2,630 nc 36,905 nc 6.7 nc 93.3
18-25 nc 8,227 nc 301 nc 7,926 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
26 or Older nc 31,308 nc 2,329 nc 28,979 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
GENDER                    
Male nc 22,576 nc 1,314 nc 21,261 nc 5.8 nc 94.2
Female nc 18,559 nc 1,371 nc 17,188 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 34,890 nc 2,358 nc 32,532 nc 6.8 nc 93.2
White nc 26,811 nc 1,897 nc 24,914 nc 7.1 nc 92.9
Black or African American nc 4,845 nc 214 nc 4,630 nc 4.4 nc 95.6
AIAN nc 405 nc 70 nc 336 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc * nc 56 nc * nc *
Asian nc 1,467 nc 3 nc 1,464 nc 0.2 nc 99.8
Two or More Races nc 1,271 nc 139 nc 1,132 nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 6,245 nc 328 nc 5,917 nc 5.2 nc 94.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.38B – Classified as Needing Substance Use Treatment: Among People Aged 12 or Older; Receipt of Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older and among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing Substance Use Treatment; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Among the Total Population Among People Classified as Needing Treatment (Tx)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
and Received
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing Tx
but Did Not
Receive Tx at
a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who
Received Tx
at a Specialty
Facility
(2020)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
% Who Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
TOTAL nc 14.9 nc 1.0 nc 13.9 nc 6.5 nc 93.5
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 6.4 nc 0.2 nc 6.2 nc 3.5 nc 96.5
18 or Older nc 15.7 nc 1.0 nc 14.6 nc 6.7 nc 93.3
18-25 nc 24.6 nc 0.9 nc 23.7 nc 3.7 nc 96.3
26 or Older nc 14.3 nc 1.1 nc 13.3 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
GENDER                    
Male nc 16.8 nc 1.0 nc 15.8 nc 5.8 nc 94.2
Female nc 13.0 nc 1.0 nc 12.1 nc 7.4 nc 92.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 15.3 nc 1.0 nc 14.2 nc 6.8 nc 93.2
White nc 15.7 nc 1.1 nc 14.6 nc 7.1 nc 92.9
Black or African American nc 14.4 nc 0.6 nc 13.8 nc 4.4 nc 95.6
AIAN nc 24.4 nc 4.2 nc 20.2 nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc * nc 5.6 nc * nc *
Asian nc 9.1 nc 0.0 nc 9.0 nc 0.2 nc 99.8
Two or More Races nc 23.9 nc 2.6 nc 21.3 nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 12.9 nc 0.7 nc 12.2 nc 5.2 nc 94.8
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.39A – Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 38,449 nc 948 nc 211 nc 737 nc 37,501
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 1,544 nc 24 nc 4 nc 21 nc 1,520
18 or Older nc 36,905 nc 924 nc 208 nc 716 nc 35,982
18-25 nc 7,926 nc 151 nc 46 nc 105 nc 7,775
26 or Older nc 28,979 nc 773 nc 161 nc 611 nc 28,207
GENDER                    
Male nc 21,261 nc 579 nc 158 nc 421 nc 20,682
Female nc 17,188 nc 369 nc 53 nc 316 nc 16,819
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug or alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.39B – Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing but Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic Characteristic Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2019)
Classified as
Needing
Treatment
(Tx) but Did
Not Receive
Tx at a
Specialty
Facility
(2020)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need
for Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2019)
Perceived
Need and
Made No
Effort
to Get Tx1
(2020)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2019)
Did Not
Perceive
Need for Tx1
(2020)
TOTAL nc 100.0 nc 2.5 nc 0.5 nc 1.9 nc 97.5
AGE GROUP                    
12-17 nc 100.0 nc 1.6 nc 0.2 nc 1.3 nc 98.4
18 or Older nc 100.0 nc 2.5 nc 0.6 nc 1.9 nc 97.5
18-25 nc 100.0 nc 1.9 nc 0.6 nc 1.3 nc 98.1
26 or Older nc 100.0 nc 2.7 nc 0.6 nc 2.1 nc 97.3
GENDER                    
Male nc 100.0 nc 2.7 nc 0.7 nc 2.0 nc 97.3
Female nc 100.0 nc 2.1 nc 0.3 nc 1.8 nc 97.9
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
1 Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug or alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.40A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Perceived a Need for Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Reason for Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment1 2019 2020
TOTAL POPULATION nc 948
No Health Care Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost nc 181
Had Health Care Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Full Cost nc *
No Transportation/Programs Too Far Away or Hours Inconvenient nc *
Did Not Find Program That Offered Type of Treatment That Was Wanted nc 137
Not Ready to Stop Using nc *
No Openings in a Program nc 16
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment nc *
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion nc 113
Might Have Negative Effect on Job nc *
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time nc 53
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment nc 85
Treatment Would Not Help nc 41
Did Not Have Time nc 50
Did Not Want Others to Find Out nc 61
Some Other Reason nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug or alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210615
Table 5.40B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Perceived a Need for Substance Use Treatment in Past Year; Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Reason for Not Receiving Substance Use Treatment1 2019 2020
TOTAL POPULATION nc 100.0
No Health Care Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost nc 19.1
Had Health Care Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Full Cost nc *
No Transportation/Programs Too Far Away or Hours Inconvenient nc *
Did Not Find Program That Offered Type of Treatment That Was Wanted nc 14.4
Not Ready to Stop Using nc *
No Openings in a Program nc 1.7
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment nc *
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion nc 11.9
Might Have Negative Effect on Job nc *
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time nc 5.6
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment nc 9.0
Treatment Would Not Help nc 4.3
Did Not Have Time nc 5.2
Did Not Want Others to Find Out nc 6.5
Some Other Reason nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing substance use treatment if they met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) criteria for an illicit drug or alcohol use disorder or received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center). Questions on virtual substance use treatment were added in Quarter 4 of 2020. Estimates in this table do not include data from these questions. Data on virtual substance use treatment are included at the end of this section. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Substance use disorder (SUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). SUD and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Perceived Need for Substance Use Treatment includes people who did not receive but felt they needed illicit drug or alcohol use treatment, as well as people who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons for not receiving treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210605
Table 5.41A – Received Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol, Opioids, and Alcohol or Opioids in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Demographic, Geographic, and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic/Geographic/
Socioeconomic Characteristic
Received
Medication-Assisted
Treatment (MAT)
for Alcohol
(2019)
Received
Medication-Assisted
Treatment (MAT)
for Alcohol
(2020)
Received MAT
for Opioids
(2019)
Received MAT
for Opioids
(2020)
Received MAT
for Alcohol or Opioids
(2019)
Received MAT
for Alcohol or Opioids
(2020)
TOTAL 286 362 664 798 930 1,157
AGE GROUP            
12-17 1 * * 3 1 3
18 or Older 284 362 664 795 929 1,154
18-25 40 5 59 23 94 28
26 or Older 244 358 605 771 834 1,126
GENDER            
Male 219 188 360 324 566 509
Female 67 175 303 474 363 648
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 247 358 645 750 872 1,108
White 219 278 569 659 774 936
Black or African American 19 4 39 48 56 52
AIAN 3 * * * 3 *
NHOPI 3 * 5 * 5 *
Asian * 3 * * * 3
Two or More Races 3 * 33 7 35 *
Hispanic or Latino 39 4 19 48 58 49
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 38 51 182 238 214 289
Midwest 41 96 190 158 227 254
South 152 86 183 292 332 378
West 55 130 109 110 157 236
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 161 245 371 325 517 570
Small Metro 88 115 214 379 299 491
Nonmetro 36 3 79 94 115 96
Urbanized 29 * 32 32 61 32
Less Urbanized 6 3 45 58 51 61
Completely Rural 1 * 2 3 2 3
HEALTH INSURANCE1            
Private 127 196 192 118 312 314
Medicaid/CHIP 83 101 444 458 513 555
Other2 81 172 60 111 140 283
No Coverage 27 35 47 155 70 191
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Estimates in this table for 2020 exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. The analysis weights and estimates were adjusted for the reduced sample size. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Medication-assisted treatment for alcohol or for opioids refers to medication prescribed by a doctor or other health professional to help reduce or stop the use of alcohol or opioids, respectively.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210605
Table 5.41B – Received Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol, Opioids, and Alcohol or Opioids in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older; by Demographic, Geographic, and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic/Geographic/
Socioeconomic Characteristic
Received
Medication-Assisted
Treatment (MAT)
for Alcohol
(2019)
Received
Medication-Assisted
Treatment (MAT)
for Alcohol
(2020)
Received MAT
for Opioids
(2019)
Received MAT
for Opioids
(2020)
Received MAT
for Alcohol or Opioids
(2019)
Received MAT
for Alcohol or Opioids
(2020)
TOTAL 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4
AGE GROUP            
12-17 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0 0.0
18 or Older 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
18-25 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1
26 or Older 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5
GENDER            
Male 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
Female 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
White 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5
Black or African American 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
AIAN 0.2 * * * 0.2 *
NHOPI 0.2 * 0.4 * 0.4 *
Asian * 0.0 * * * 0.0
Two or More Races 0.1 * 0.6 0.1 0.7 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6
Midwest 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
South 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4
West 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4
Small Metro 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6
Nonmetro 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Urbanized 0.2 * 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2
Less Urbanized 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Completely Rural 0.0 * 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
HEALTH INSURANCE1            
Private 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Medicaid/CHIP 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Other2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4
No Coverage 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.7
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates in the 2020 column are italicized to indicate caution should be used when comparing estimates between 2020 and prior years because of methodological changes for 2020. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Estimates in this table for 2020 exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. The analysis weights and estimates were adjusted for the reduced sample size. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Medication-assisted treatment for alcohol or for opioids refers to medication prescribed by a doctor or other health professional to help reduce or stop the use of alcohol or opioids, respectively.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210605
Table 5.42A – Received Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Alcohol in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older with Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder; Received MAT for Opioids in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older with Past Year Opioid Use Disorder; by Demographic, Geographic, and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, 2019 and 2020
Demographic/Geographic/
Socioeconomic Characteristic
Received MAT for Alcohol
among People with an
Alcohol Use Disorder
(2019)
Received MAT for Alcohol
among People with an
Alcohol Use Disorder
(2020)
Received MAT for Opioids
among People with an
Opioid Use Disorder
(2019)
Received MAT for Opioids
among People with an
Opioid Use Disorder
(2020)
TOTAL nc 292 nc 278
AGE GROUP        
12-17 nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 292 nc 278
18-25 nc 4 nc *
26 or Older nc 288 nc 256
GENDER        
Male nc 171 nc 91
Female nc 121 nc 187
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 288 nc 273
White nc 210 nc 217
Black or African American nc 4 nc *
AIAN nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc *
Asian nc * nc *
Two or More Races nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 4 nc *
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast nc 30 nc *
Midwest nc 93 nc *
South nc 46 nc 91
West nc 123 nc *
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro nc 186 nc 166
Small Metro nc 106 nc 54
Nonmetro nc * nc *
Urbanized nc * nc *
Less Urbanized nc * nc *
Completely Rural nc * nc *
HEALTH INSURANCE1        
Private nc 152 nc 46
Medicaid/CHIP nc 74 nc 174
Other2 nc 172 nc *
No Coverage nc * nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Medication-assisted treatment for alcohol or for opioids refers to medication prescribed by a doctor or other health professional to help reduce or stop the use of alcohol or opioids, respectively.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD, OUD, and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Estimates in this table for 2020 exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. The analysis weights and estimates were adjusted for the reduced sample size. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210605
Table 5.42B – Received Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Alcohol in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older with Past Year Alcohol Use Disorder; Received MAT for Opioids in Past Year: Among People Aged 12 or Older with Past Year Opioid Use Disorder; by Demographic, Geographic, and Socioeconomic Characteristics, Percentages, 2019 and 2020
Demographic/Geographic/
Socioeconomic Characteristic
Received MAT for Alcohol
among People with an
Alcohol Use Disorder
(2019)
Received MAT for Alcohol
among People with an
Alcohol Use Disorder
(2020)
Received MAT for Opioids
among People with an
Opioid Use Disorder
(2019)
Received MAT for Opioids
among People with an
Opioid Use Disorder
(2020)
TOTAL nc 1.0 nc 11.2
AGE GROUP        
12-17 nc * nc *
18 or Older nc 1.1 nc 11.5
18-25 nc 0.1 nc *
26 or Older nc 1.3 nc 12.0
GENDER        
Male nc 1.1 nc 7.7
Female nc 1.0 nc 14.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino nc 1.2 nc 12.7
White nc 1.2 nc 13.8
Black or African American nc 0.1 nc *
AIAN nc * nc *
NHOPI nc * nc *
Asian nc * nc *
Two or More Races nc * nc *
Hispanic or Latino nc 0.1 nc *
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast nc 0.6 nc *
Midwest nc 1.4 nc *
South nc 0.5 nc 9.1
West nc 1.6 nc *
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro nc 1.2 nc 14.9
Small Metro nc 1.2 nc 5.5
Nonmetro nc * nc *
Urbanized nc * nc *
Less Urbanized nc * nc *
Completely Rural nc * nc *
HEALTH INSURANCE1        
Private nc 0.8 nc 4.5
Medicaid/CHIP nc 1.6 nc 15.7
Other2 nc 3.2 nc *
No Coverage nc * nc *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Medication-assisted treatment for alcohol or for opioids refers to medication prescribed by a doctor or other health professional to help reduce or stop the use of alcohol or opioids, respectively.
NOTE: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) estimates in 2020 are based on criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). AUD, OUD, and related estimates are not comparable between 2020 and prior years of NSDUH, because prior years’ estimates were based on DSM-IV criteria. The 2020 estimates reflect additional methodological changes for the 2020 NSDUH. Due to these changes, significance testing between 2020 and prior years was not performed. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details on these changes.
NOTE: Estimates in this table for 2020 exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. The analysis weights and estimates were adjusted for the reduced sample size. See the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2019 and Quarters 1 and 4, 2020.
210630
Table 5.43A – Received Virtual Substance Use Treatment for Illicit Drug, Alcohol, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use: Among People Who Received Substance Use Treatment for the Respective Substance in Past Year; by Demographic Characteristics, Numbers in Thousands, Quarter 4, 2020
Demographic Characteristic Received Virtual Treatment for
Illicit Drug Use among People
Who Received Illicit Drug Use
Treatment
Received Virtual Treatment for
Alcohol Use among People Who
Received Alcohol Use Treatment
Received Virtual Treatment for
Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use among
People Who Received Substance
Use Treatment1
TOTAL 1,386 * 2,190
AGE GROUP      
12-17 * * *
18 or Older 1,350 * 2,116
18-25 * * *
26 or Older * * 1,909
GENDER      
Male * * *
Female * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino * * 1,787
White * * 1,462
Black or African American * * *
AIAN * * *
NHOPI * * *
Asian * * *
Two or More Races * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Because of low precision, estimates among geographic (region and county type) and socioeconomic (health insurance) characteristics are not presented.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, Quarter 4, 2020.
210630
Table 5.43B – Received Virtual Substance Use Treatment for Illicit Drug, Alcohol, and Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use: Among People Who Received Substance Use Treatment for the Respective Substance in Past Year; by Demographic Characteristics, Percentages, Quarter 4, 2020
Demographic Characteristic Received Virtual Treatment for
Illicit Drug Use among People
Who Received Illicit Drug Use
Treatment
Received Virtual Treatment for
Alcohol Use among People Who
Received Alcohol Use Treatment
Received Virtual Treatment for
Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use among
People Who Received Substance
Use Treatment1
TOTAL 56.2 * 58.0
AGE GROUP      
12-17 * * *
18 or Older 56.1 * 57.6
18-25 * * *
26 or Older * * 58.4
GENDER      
Male * * *
Female * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino * * 55.3
White * * 58.5
Black or African American * * *
AIAN * * *
NHOPI * * *
Asian * * *
Two or More Races * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * *
* = low precision; -- = not available; da = does not apply; nc = not comparable due to methodological changes; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Because of low precision, estimates among geographic (region and county type) and socioeconomic (health insurance) characteristics are not presented.
1 Estimates include people who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as people who received treatment for unspecified substance(s).
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, Quarter 4, 2020.

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