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230612
Table 9.1A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 12 or Older; by Gender and Detailed Age Category, 2021 and 2022
Age Category Total
(2021)
Total
(2022)
Male
(2021)
Male
(2022)
Female
(2021)
Female
(2022)
TOTAL 279,844 282,007 136,764 138,240 143,080 143,767
12-20 39,092 38,654 20,042 20,030 19,051 18,623
12-14 13,021 12,994 6,760 6,606 6,261 6,389
15-17 12,998 12,731 6,528 6,554 6,470 6,178
18-20 13,073 12,928 6,754 6,871 6,320 6,057
21 or Older 240,751 243,354 116,722 118,210 124,029 125,144
12-17 26,019 25,726 13,288 13,159 12,731 12,567
12-13 8,865 8,438 4,550 4,243 4,315 4,195
14-15 8,540 9,064 4,453 4,749 4,087 4,315
16-17 8,615 8,224 4,285 4,167 4,330 4,057
12-25 59,478 60,512 30,012 30,647 29,466 29,865
16-25 42,073 43,011 21,008 21,655 21,065 21,355
16-20 21,688 21,152 11,038 11,038 10,650 10,114
21-25 20,385 21,858 9,970 10,617 10,415 11,241
18 or Older 253,825 256,282 123,476 125,081 130,349 131,200
18-25 33,458 34,786 16,724 17,488 16,735 17,298
26 or Older 220,366 221,495 106,752 107,593 113,614 113,902
26-49 102,313 102,568 50,795 51,276 51,518 51,293
26-29 17,447 17,026 8,665 8,611 8,782 8,415
30-34 22,715 23,184 11,308 11,539 11,407 11,645
35-39 22,267 22,042 11,284 11,155 10,983 10,887
40-44 20,400 20,803 9,849 10,466 10,551 10,337
45-49 19,485 19,513 9,689 9,505 9,795 10,008
50 or Older 118,053 118,927 55,957 56,317 62,096 62,610
50-54 19,635 19,780 9,444 9,073 10,192 10,707
55-59 21,322 19,995 10,946 10,355 10,376 9,639
60-64 22,286 22,660 10,650 11,335 11,636 11,325
65 or Older 54,810 56,493 24,918 25,554 29,892 30,939
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.1N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 12 or Older; by Gender and Detailed Age Category, 2021 and 2022
Age Category Total
(2021)
Total
(2022)
Male
(2021)
Male
(2022)
Female
(2021)
Female
(2022)
TOTAL 69,850 71,370 31,850 32,740 38,000 38,630
12-20 19,040 20,750 9,510 10,620 9,530 10,130
12-14 6,850 7,680 3,520 3,990 3,330 3,680
15-17 6,390 7,080 3,240 3,680 3,150 3,410
18-20 5,800 5,990 2,760 2,950 3,050 3,040
21 or Older 50,810 50,620 22,340 22,120 28,470 28,490
12-17 13,240 14,760 6,750 7,670 6,490 7,090
12-13 4,620 4,990 2,370 2,580 2,240 2,410
14-15 4,420 5,260 2,260 2,760 2,160 2,500
16-17 4,200 4,520 2,120 2,340 2,090 2,180
12-25 29,700 31,930 14,250 15,650 15,450 16,280
16-25 20,660 21,690 9,620 10,320 11,050 11,370
16-20 10,010 10,510 4,880 5,290 5,130 5,220
21-25 10,660 11,180 4,740 5,030 5,920 6,150
18 or Older 56,610 56,610 25,100 25,070 31,510 31,540
18-25 16,460 17,170 7,500 7,980 8,960 9,190
26 or Older 40,150 39,440 17,600 17,090 22,550 22,350
26-49 26,610 26,590 11,510 11,430 15,090 15,160
26-29 4,820 4,760 2,030 2,060 2,800 2,700
30-34 6,600 6,670 2,890 2,930 3,710 3,740
35-39 5,680 5,580 2,470 2,400 3,210 3,190
40-44 5,040 5,090 2,190 2,190 2,850 2,900
45-49 4,470 4,480 1,940 1,840 2,530 2,640
50 or Older 13,540 12,850 6,090 5,660 7,450 7,190
50-54 2,040 2,020 870 820 1,180 1,190
55-59 2,300 2,050 1,020 890 1,280 1,160
60-64 2,530 2,330 1,090 1,010 1,440 1,320
65 or Older 6,670 6,460 3,110 2,950 3,560 3,510
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.2A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-17
(2021)
Aged 12-17
(2022)
Aged 18+
(2021)
Aged 18+
(2022)
Aged 18-25
(2021)
Aged 18-25
(2022)
Aged 26+
(2021)
Aged 26+
(2022)
Aged 26-49
(2021)
Aged 26-49
(2022)
Aged 50+
(2021)
Aged 50+
(2022)
TOTAL 279,844 282,007 26,019 25,726 253,825 256,282 33,458 34,786 220,366 221,495 102,313 102,568 118,053 118,927
GENDER                            
Male 136,764 138,240 13,288 13,159 123,476 125,081 16,724 17,488 106,752 107,593 50,795 51,276 55,957 56,317
Female 143,080 143,767 12,731 12,567 130,349 131,200 16,735 17,298 113,614 113,902 51,518 51,293 62,096 62,610
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 230,062 231,104 19,371 19,077 210,690 212,027 25,637 26,526 185,053 185,501 81,054 81,065 103,999 104,435
AIAN 1,815 1,463 174 220 1,640 1,243 334 210 1,307 1,033 585 550 722 483
Asian 16,374 17,018 1,459 1,607 14,915 15,411 1,954 2,266 12,961 13,145 7,388 7,469 5,573 5,676
Black or African American 34,130 34,439 3,526 3,509 30,603 30,930 4,533 4,665 26,070 26,265 13,352 13,412 12,718 12,852
NHOPI 1,175 1,276 167 65 1,008 1,211 173 130 834 1,081 445 541 389 540
White 171,099 171,026 13,143 12,842 157,957 158,184 17,717 18,253 140,239 139,932 57,247 56,913 82,993 83,019
Two or More Races 5,469 5,881 902 833 4,567 5,048 926 1,003 3,641 4,045 2,037 2,179 1,604 1,866
Hispanic or Latino 49,782 50,904 6,648 6,649 43,135 44,255 7,821 8,260 35,313 35,995 21,259 21,503 14,054 14,492
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                            
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 15,854 16,016 1,751 1,723 14,103 14,293 2,186 2,252 11,917 12,041 6,250 6,309 5,667 5,732
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 18,276 18,423 1,775 1,787 16,500 16,636 2,347 2,413 14,154 14,223 7,102 7,103 7,052 7,120
Male, White, Not Hispanic 84,158 84,350 6,762 6,614 77,397 77,736 8,914 9,271 68,482 68,465 28,710 28,750 39,772 39,715
Female, White, Not Hispanic 86,941 86,676 6,381 6,228 80,560 80,448 8,803 8,982 71,757 71,467 28,536 28,163 43,221 43,304
Male, Hispanic 24,942 25,577 3,393 3,399 21,549 22,178 3,928 4,166 17,621 18,012 10,850 11,053 6,771 6,959
Female, Hispanic 24,840 25,327 3,255 3,250 21,585 22,076 3,893 4,094 17,692 17,983 10,409 10,450 7,283 7,532
EDUCATION LEVEL                            
< High School da da da da 28,261 24,363 3,687 3,587 24,574 20,776 9,711 7,937 14,863 12,840
High School Graduate da da da da 69,393 69,143 10,545 11,617 58,848 57,526 24,161 23,374 34,688 34,153
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 77,188 77,768 14,150 13,886 63,038 63,882 29,871 29,799 33,167 34,082
College Graduate da da da da 78,983 85,007 5,077 5,696 73,906 79,311 38,570 41,459 35,335 37,852
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                            
Full-Time da da da da 114,303 118,378 12,713 14,073 101,590 104,304 64,248 66,358 37,342 37,947
Part-Time da da da da 30,382 32,830 8,165 8,792 22,218 24,038 10,320 11,182 11,898 12,856
Unemployed da da da da 13,086 11,017 3,170 3,209 9,915 7,808 6,444 5,041 3,471 2,767
Other1 da da da da 96,054 94,057 9,411 8,711 86,643 85,346 21,301 19,989 65,342 65,357
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.2N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-17
(2021)
Aged 12-17
(2022)
Aged 18+
(2021)
Aged 18+
(2022)
Aged 18-25
(2021)
Aged 18-25
(2022)
Aged 26+
(2021)
Aged 26+
(2022)
Aged 26-49
(2021)
Aged 26-49
(2022)
Aged 50+
(2021)
Aged 50+
(2022)
TOTAL 69,850 71,370 13,240 14,760 56,610 56,610 16,460 17,170 40,150 39,440 26,610 26,590 13,540 12,850
GENDER                            
Male 31,850 32,740 6,750 7,670 25,100 25,070 7,500 7,980 17,600 17,090 11,510 11,430 6,090 5,660
Female 38,000 38,630 6,490 7,090 31,510 31,540 8,960 9,190 22,550 22,350 15,090 15,160 7,450 7,190
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 58,230 58,330 10,140 11,130 48,090 47,200 12,980 13,320 35,110 33,880 22,650 22,140 12,460 11,740
AIAN 630 960 130 270 500 690 170 260 330 430 240 300 <100 130
Asian 3,780 3,590 590 650 3,190 2,940 970 930 2,220 2,010 1,660 1,550 560 470
Black or African American 7,760 8,290 1,830 2,080 5,930 6,220 1,900 2,060 4,030 4,160 2,740 2,950 1,290 1,200
NHOPI 240 290 <100 <100 200 240 <100 <100 130 170 <100 130 <100 <100
White 42,980 42,300 6,750 7,190 36,240 35,110 9,030 9,190 27,210 25,920 16,990 16,290 10,220 9,620
Two or More Races 2,840 2,900 800 890 2,040 2,010 850 820 1,190 1,190 920 910 270 280
Hispanic or Latino 11,620 13,040 3,100 3,630 8,520 9,410 3,480 3,860 5,050 5,560 3,960 4,450 1,080 1,110
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                            
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 3,380 3,670 910 1,060 2,470 2,610 830 940 1,640 1,670 1,110 1,180 530 490
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 4,380 4,620 920 1,020 3,460 3,610 1,070 1,120 2,390 2,490 1,640 1,770 760 720
Male, White, Not Hispanic 19,730 19,420 3,420 3,790 16,310 15,620 4,170 4,310 12,140 11,310 7,510 7,020 4,630 4,290
Female, White, Not Hispanic 23,250 22,880 3,320 3,400 19,930 19,480 4,860 4,880 15,070 14,600 9,480 9,270 5,590 5,330
Male, Hispanic 5,230 6,030 1,610 1,870 3,620 4,170 1,530 1,780 2,100 2,390 1,620 1,930 470 460
Female, Hispanic 6,380 7,010 1,480 1,770 4,900 5,250 1,950 2,080 2,950 3,170 2,340 2,520 610 650
EDUCATION LEVEL                            
< High School da da da da 5,030 5,440 1,930 2,210 3,110 3,230 2,010 2,130 1,090 1,100
High School Graduate da da da da 13,090 14,100 5,220 5,910 7,870 8,190 4,830 5,210 3,040 2,990
Some College/Associate’s Degree da da da da 16,920 16,700 6,140 5,900 10,770 10,800 7,020 7,200 3,750 3,590
College Graduate da da da da 21,580 20,370 3,170 3,160 18,400 17,220 12,740 12,040 5,670 5,170
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                            
Full-Time da da da da 28,190 28,760 6,560 7,240 21,630 21,510 17,280 17,390 4,350 4,120
Part-Time da da da da 8,260 8,380 3,960 4,060 4,300 4,320 2,780 2,900 1,520 1,420
Unemployed da da da da 3,240 2,920 1,460 1,550 1,780 1,370 1,450 1,160 340 210
Other1 da da da da 16,930 16,560 4,490 4,320 12,440 12,230 5,100 5,130 7,340 7,100
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.3A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 12 or Older; by Alcohol and Tobacco Underage and Legal Age Groups and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-20
(2021)
Aged 12-20
(2022)
Aged 21+
(2021)
Aged 21+
(2022)
TOTAL 279,844 282,007 39,092 38,654 240,751 243,354
GENDER            
Male 136,764 138,240 20,042 20,030 116,722 118,210
Female 143,080 143,767 19,051 18,623 124,029 125,144
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 230,062 231,104 28,929 28,770 201,132 202,334
AIAN 1,815 1,463 276 325 1,539 1,138
Asian 16,374 17,018 2,222 2,448 14,152 14,570
Black or African American 34,130 34,439 5,378 5,286 28,751 29,153
NHOPI 1,175 1,276 216 107 959 1,169
White 171,099 171,026 19,501 19,316 151,598 151,711
Two or More Races 5,469 5,881 1,337 1,289 4,133 4,592
Hispanic or Latino 49,782 50,904 10,163 9,884 39,619 41,020
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 15,854 16,016 2,678 2,609 13,176 13,407
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 18,276 18,423 2,700 2,677 15,575 15,746
Male, White, Not Hispanic 84,158 84,350 10,137 10,053 74,022 74,297
Female, White, Not Hispanic 86,941 86,676 9,364 9,263 77,577 77,413
Male, Hispanic 24,942 25,577 5,261 5,104 19,681 20,473
Female, Hispanic 24,840 25,327 4,902 4,779 19,938 20,547
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.3N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 12 or Older; by Alcohol and Tobacco Underage and Legal Age Groups and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-20
(2021)
Aged 12-20
(2022)
Aged 21+
(2021)
Aged 21+
(2022)
TOTAL 69,850 71,370 19,040 20,750 50,810 50,620
GENDER            
Male 31,850 32,740 9,510 10,620 22,340 22,120
Female 38,000 38,630 9,530 10,130 28,470 28,490
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 58,230 58,330 14,570 15,600 43,660 42,720
AIAN 630 960 200 380 440 580
Asian 3,780 3,590 940 950 2,850 2,640
Black or African American 7,760 8,290 2,590 2,830 5,170 5,460
NHOPI 240 290 <100 <100 170 210
White 42,980 42,300 9,650 10,160 33,330 32,130
Two or More Races 2,840 2,900 1,130 1,200 1,700 1,700
Hispanic or Latino 11,620 13,040 4,470 5,150 7,150 7,900
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 3,380 3,670 1,250 1,420 2,130 2,250
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 4,380 4,620 1,340 1,410 3,050 3,210
Male, White, Not Hispanic 19,730 19,420 4,840 5,270 14,900 14,150
Female, White, Not Hispanic 23,250 22,880 4,820 4,900 18,430 17,980
Male, Hispanic 5,230 6,030 2,250 2,600 2,990 3,440
Female, Hispanic 6,380 7,010 2,220 2,550 4,160 4,460
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.4A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-17
(2021)
Aged 12-17
(2022)
Aged 18+
(2021)
Aged 18+
(2022)
Aged 18-25
(2021)
Aged 18-25
(2022)
Aged 26+
(2021)
Aged 26+
(2022)
Aged 26-49
(2021)
Aged 26-49
(2022)
Aged 50+
(2021)
Aged 50+
(2022)
TOTAL 279,844 282,007 26,019 25,726 253,825 256,282 33,458 34,786 220,366 221,495 102,313 102,568 118,053 118,927
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 48,931 49,024 4,144 4,065 44,786 44,959 5,725 5,913 39,062 39,046 17,398 17,343 21,664 21,703
Midwest 58,023 58,153 5,483 5,398 52,540 52,756 7,103 7,298 45,437 45,458 20,543 20,501 24,895 24,957
South 106,587 108,107 10,152 10,121 96,436 97,986 12,696 13,343 83,739 84,643 38,910 39,255 44,829 45,388
West 66,303 66,723 6,240 6,142 60,063 60,581 7,935 8,232 52,128 52,349 25,463 25,470 26,665 26,879
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 150,747 155,947 14,031 14,824 136,716 141,122 17,652 19,115 119,064 122,008 57,894 58,856 61,171 63,152
Small Metro 85,776 89,319 7,999 7,971 77,778 81,349 10,964 11,691 66,814 69,657 30,463 32,417 36,350 37,241
Nonmetro 43,320 36,741 3,990 2,931 39,330 33,811 4,842 3,980 34,488 29,830 13,956 11,296 20,532 18,535
Urbanized 16,158 15,470 1,518 1,239 14,641 14,231 2,022 1,761 12,619 12,470 5,190 4,885 7,428 7,586
Less Urbanized 22,599 18,418 2,072 1,413 20,526 17,005 2,353 1,970 18,173 15,034 7,368 5,524 10,805 9,510
Completely Rural 4,563 2,854 400 279 4,164 2,575 467 249 3,696 2,326 1,398 887 2,298 1,439
POVERTY LEVEL1                            
Less Than 100% 43,355 41,479 5,492 5,273 37,863 36,205 8,464 8,053 29,400 28,152 15,518 15,195 13,882 12,957
100-199% 56,400 55,619 5,617 5,793 50,783 49,826 8,020 8,482 42,763 41,344 20,220 19,267 22,543 22,077
200% or More 179,986 184,902 14,911 14,659 165,076 170,243 16,872 18,243 148,203 151,999 66,576 68,107 81,628 83,893
FAMILY INCOME                            
Less Than $20,000 46,327 41,760 3,760 3,403 42,567 38,357 8,407 7,670 34,160 30,687 14,586 13,633 19,574 17,054
$20,000 - $49,999 78,804 75,276 7,006 6,322 71,797 68,954 10,125 10,319 61,672 58,635 27,654 24,315 34,018 34,319
$50,000 - $74,999 43,807 42,689 3,481 3,453 40,326 39,236 4,601 4,938 35,725 34,299 16,259 16,199 19,466 18,099
$75,000 or More 110,905 122,282 11,771 12,547 99,134 109,735 10,325 11,859 88,809 97,876 43,815 48,421 44,995 49,455
HEALTH INSURANCE2                            
Private 168,320 169,998 13,875 14,087 154,445 155,911 18,907 19,875 135,538 136,035 62,463 64,292 73,075 71,743
Medicaid/CHIP 58,292 58,763 10,848 10,678 47,445 48,085 8,699 9,268 38,746 38,817 21,841 21,726 16,906 17,091
Other3 76,673 78,232 1,384 1,507 75,289 76,725 2,545 2,807 72,744 73,918 9,110 9,163 63,634 64,755
No Coverage 26,122 24,253 1,327 1,009 24,795 23,244 4,802 4,627 19,993 18,618 14,382 13,216 5,611 5,402
OVERALL HEALTH4                            
Excellent 54,973 52,011 8,403 8,061 46,570 43,951 9,394 8,900 37,177 35,050 20,899 18,870 16,277 16,180
Very Good 96,974 101,673 9,772 10,138 87,202 91,535 12,608 13,671 74,594 77,864 37,498 38,681 37,096 39,183
Good 87,428 88,155 6,511 6,265 80,916 81,889 8,753 9,257 72,163 72,632 31,537 33,238 40,627 39,394
Fair/Poor 40,288 40,091 1,328 1,257 38,960 38,834 2,689 2,943 36,271 35,891 12,355 11,777 23,917 24,114
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.4N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 12 or Older; by Age Group and Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Geographic/Socioeconomic/Health Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-17
(2021)
Aged 12-17
(2022)
Aged 18+
(2021)
Aged 18+
(2022)
Aged 18-25
(2021)
Aged 18-25
(2022)
Aged 26+
(2021)
Aged 26+
(2022)
Aged 26-49
(2021)
Aged 26-49
(2022)
Aged 50+
(2021)
Aged 50+
(2022)
TOTAL 69,850 71,370 13,240 14,760 56,610 56,610 16,460 17,170 40,150 39,440 26,610 26,590 13,540 12,850
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 11,850 12,700 2,110 2,470 9,730 10,220 2,690 2,990 7,040 7,240 4,710 4,850 2,330 2,380
Midwest 17,820 16,980 3,140 3,170 14,680 13,820 4,310 4,270 10,370 9,550 6,910 6,530 3,460 3,020
South 23,470 24,640 4,880 5,560 18,590 19,080 5,560 5,770 13,020 13,300 8,550 8,880 4,480 4,430
West 16,720 17,050 3,110 3,560 13,610 13,490 3,900 4,140 9,720 9,350 6,440 6,320 3,280 3,030
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 31,270 32,650 5,970 7,160 25,300 25,500 7,150 7,410 18,160 18,090 12,190 12,280 5,970 5,810
Small Metro 26,420 28,560 4,790 5,580 21,630 22,980 6,450 7,320 15,180 15,660 10,150 10,700 5,030 4,970
Nonmetro 12,160 10,160 2,480 2,020 9,680 8,130 2,870 2,450 6,820 5,680 4,260 3,610 2,550 2,080
Urbanized 5,130 5,090 1,010 1,020 4,120 4,080 1,280 1,270 2,840 2,810 1,850 1,820 990 990
Less Urbanized 5,830 4,420 1,220 860 4,610 3,560 1,330 1,050 3,280 2,510 2,000 1,560 1,280 950
Completely Rural 1,190 640 240 140 950 500 260 130 700 370 410 220 290 140
POVERTY LEVEL1                            
Less Than 100% 11,850 12,610 2,780 3,190 9,080 9,430 4,300 4,350 4,780 5,080 3,590 3,830 1,180 1,250
100-199% 13,060 14,340 2,740 3,260 10,320 11,080 3,870 4,140 6,440 6,950 4,360 4,880 2,080 2,060
200% or More 44,890 44,380 7,720 8,320 37,170 36,070 8,240 8,650 28,930 27,410 18,650 17,880 10,280 9,540
FAMILY INCOME                            
Less Than $20,000 11,860 11,750 2,020 2,200 9,840 9,550 4,550 4,360 5,300 5,190 3,530 3,550 1,770 1,640
$20,000 - $49,999 18,410 18,540 3,330 3,600 15,090 14,940 5,110 5,290 9,980 9,650 6,370 6,270 3,610 3,380
$50,000 - $74,999 10,280 10,420 1,760 1,970 8,520 8,450 2,140 2,320 6,380 6,140 4,150 4,040 2,220 2,100
$75,000 or More 29,300 30,660 6,140 7,000 23,170 23,670 4,670 5,210 18,500 18,460 12,560 12,720 5,940 5,740
HEALTH INSURANCE2                            
Private 43,080 42,560 7,180 7,900 35,890 34,660 9,500 9,490 26,400 25,180 17,550 17,100 8,850 8,070
Medicaid/CHIP 15,800 18,030 5,370 6,270 10,430 11,760 4,030 4,690 6,400 7,070 4,940 5,500 1,460 1,570
Other3 12,240 12,030 880 950 11,360 11,080 1,380 1,500 9,980 9,580 2,400 2,360 7,590 7,220
No Coverage 6,700 6,560 630 560 6,070 6,000 2,410 2,440 3,660 3,560 3,170 3,140 490 420
OVERALL HEALTH4                            
Excellent 15,780 15,370 4,220 4,540 11,560 10,820 4,430 4,170 7,130 6,650 5,240 4,930 1,900 1,720
Very Good 26,660 27,210 5,130 5,800 21,530 21,410 6,320 6,640 15,210 14,770 10,370 10,180 4,840 4,590
Good 20,220 21,200 3,150 3,640 17,080 17,560 4,370 4,830 12,700 12,730 8,210 8,480 4,490 4,250
Fair/Poor 7,180 7,580 740 780 6,430 6,810 1,340 1,520 5,090 5,290 2,780 3,000 2,320 2,290
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
4 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
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Table 9.5A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 12 or Older; by Alcohol and Tobacco Underage and Legal Age Groups and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-20
(2021)
Aged 12-20
(2022)
Aged 21+
(2021)
Aged 21+
(2022)
TOTAL 279,844 282,007 39,092 38,654 240,751 243,354
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 48,931 49,024 6,505 6,183 42,426 42,841
Midwest 58,023 58,153 8,162 8,082 49,861 50,071
South 106,587 108,107 15,063 15,199 91,524 92,908
West 66,303 66,723 9,362 9,189 56,941 57,534
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 150,747 155,947 20,972 21,825 129,775 134,121
Small Metro 85,776 89,319 12,190 12,355 73,586 76,964
Nonmetro 43,320 36,741 5,930 4,473 37,390 32,268
Urbanized 16,158 15,470 2,328 1,905 13,830 13,565
Less Urbanized 22,599 18,418 3,031 2,188 19,568 16,230
Completely Rural 4,563 2,854 571 381 3,992 2,473
POVERTY LEVEL1            
Less Than 100% 43,355 41,479 9,289 8,531 34,066 32,948
100-199% 56,400 55,619 8,645 8,878 47,755 46,741
200% or More 179,986 184,902 21,059 21,240 158,927 163,662
HEALTH INSURANCE2            
Private 168,320 169,998 20,762 20,814 147,558 149,183
Medicaid/CHIP 58,292 58,763 15,146 14,929 43,147 43,834
Other3 76,673 78,232 2,344 2,632 74,329 75,600
No Coverage 26,122 24,253 2,914 2,552 23,208 21,701
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
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Table 9.5N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 12 or Older; by Alcohol and Tobacco Underage and Legal Age Groups and Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Aged 12+
(2021)
Aged 12+
(2022)
Aged 12-20
(2021)
Aged 12-20
(2022)
Aged 21+
(2021)
Aged 21+
(2022)
TOTAL 69,850 71,370 19,040 20,750 50,810 50,620
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 11,850 12,700 3,110 3,510 8,740 9,190
Midwest 17,820 16,980 4,590 4,620 13,220 12,370
South 23,470 24,640 6,850 7,580 16,620 17,060
West 16,720 17,050 4,490 5,050 12,230 12,000
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 31,270 32,650 8,570 9,830 22,700 22,830
Small Metro 26,420 28,560 6,970 8,030 19,450 20,530
Nonmetro 12,160 10,160 3,500 2,890 8,660 7,260
Urbanized 5,130 5,090 1,460 1,440 3,680 3,650
Less Urbanized 5,830 4,420 1,710 1,260 4,120 3,170
Completely Rural 1,190 640 330 190 860 450
POVERTY LEVEL1            
Less Than 100% 11,850 12,610 4,510 4,830 7,350 7,790
100-199% 13,060 14,340 4,050 4,640 9,010 9,700
200% or More 44,890 44,380 10,440 11,270 34,450 33,120
HEALTH INSURANCE2            
Private 43,080 42,560 10,270 10,930 32,810 31,630
Medicaid/CHIP 15,800 18,030 7,240 8,310 8,560 9,720
Other3 12,240 12,030 1,350 1,520 10,890 10,520
No Coverage 6,700 6,560 1,330 1,270 5,370 5,290
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.6A – Numbers (in Thousands) of Females Aged 15 to 44; by Pregnancy Status and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Females Aged 15-441
(2021)
Females Aged 15-441
(2022)
Pregnant
(2021)
Pregnant
(2022)
Not Pregnant
(2021)
Not Pregnant
(2022)
TOTAL 64,928 64,761 2,006 2,130 61,908 61,668
AGE GROUP            
15-17 6,470 6,178 31 36 6,407 6,122
18-25 16,735 17,298 465 521 16,018 16,528
26-44 41,723 41,285 1,510 1,574 39,483 39,017
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 50,655 50,500 1,602 1,784 48,337 47,908
AIAN 460 300 17 9 437 287
Asian 4,359 4,653 181 150 4,119 4,444
Black or African American 9,048 9,012 279 326 8,533 8,437
NHOPI 278 289 6 37 269 247
White 34,842 34,547 1,055 1,219 33,413 32,874
Two or More Races 1,669 1,700 64 42 1,566 1,619
Hispanic or Latino 14,273 14,261 404 346 13,571 13,759
POVERTY LEVEL2            
Less Than 100% 13,426 12,899 481 455 12,666 12,233
100-199% 14,698 14,395 369 386 14,099 13,759
200% or More 36,754 37,461 1,153 1,289 35,096 35,669
HEALTH INSURANCE3            
Private 37,431 37,928 1,036 1,197 35,907 36,169
Medicaid/CHIP 18,598 18,864 824 821 17,451 17,797
Other4 4,663 4,991 155 171 4,446 4,717
No Coverage 7,245 6,618 102 107 6,975 6,369
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 The Females Aged 15-44 column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.6N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Female Respondents Aged 15 to 44; by Pregnancy Status and Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Females Aged 15-441
(2021)
Females Aged 15-441
(2022)
Pregnant
(2021)
Pregnant
(2022)
Not Pregnant
(2021)
Not Pregnant
(2022)
TOTAL 24,680 25,120 810 820 23,310 23,860
AGE GROUP            
15-17 3,150 3,410 <100 <100 3,110 3,380
18-25 8,960 9,190 280 340 8,460 8,690
26-44 12,560 12,520 510 470 11,740 11,790
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 20,020 20,040 670 670 18,930 19,020
AIAN 240 340 <100 <100 220 320
Asian 1,380 1,310 <100 <100 1,310 1,260
Black or African American 2,850 3,060 <100 110 2,660 2,860
NHOPI <100 <100 <100 <100 <100 <100
White 14,350 14,130 470 480 13,630 13,440
Two or More Races 1,100 1,110 <100 <100 1,030 1,050
Hispanic or Latino 4,660 5,080 140 160 4,380 4,840
POVERTY LEVEL2            
Less Than 100% 5,190 5,430 180 200 4,870 5,120
100-199% 5,030 5,590 140 170 4,750 5,300
200% or More 14,440 14,080 480 450 13,670 13,420
HEALTH INSURANCE3            
Private 14,870 14,500 430 420 14,150 13,840
Medicaid/CHIP 6,460 7,490 300 350 5,990 7,030
Other4 2,010 2,050 <100 <100 1,900 1,940
No Coverage 2,640 2,520 <100 <100 2,500 2,390
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Females Aged 15-44 column includes respondents with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Respondents aged 18 to 22 who were living in a college dormitory were excluded.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, military-related health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.7A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 18 to 22; by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Full-Time
College Students
(2021)
Full-Time
College Students
(2022)
Other People
Aged 18-221
(2021)
Other People
Aged 18-221
(2022)
TOTAL 7,751 7,500 13,542 14,059
AGE        
18 1,332 1,332 2,953 2,946
19 1,659 1,660 2,478 2,415
20 2,062 1,722 2,453 2,709
21 1,539 1,576 2,648 2,692
22 1,160 1,210 3,009 3,297
GENDER        
Male 3,549 3,384 7,261 7,785
Female 4,202 4,116 6,281 6,274
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,215 5,974 9,937 10,409
AIAN 20 30 153 111
Asian 707 728 553 736
Black or African American 1,023 931 2,010 1,932
NHOPI 4 6 76 70
White 4,298 4,052 6,640 7,078
Two or More Races 164 226 506 481
Hispanic or Latino 1,536 1,526 3,605 3,650
EMPLOYMENT STATUS        
Full-Time 1,396 1,362 4,913 5,665
Part-Time 3,049 3,155 3,028 3,475
Unemployed 458 457 1,740 1,552
Other2 2,849 2,526 3,860 3,368
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
NOTE: Estimates in this table exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. The analysis weights and estimates were adjusted for the reduced sample size. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other People include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
2 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.7N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 18 to 22; by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Full-Time
College Students
(2021)
Full-Time
College Students
(2022)
Other People
Aged 18-221
(2021)
Other People
Aged 18-221
(2022)
TOTAL 3,420 3,220 6,150 6,830
AGE        
18 590 560 1,340 1,490
19 690 710 1,000 1,190
20 860 690 1,070 1,170
21 760 700 1,210 1,350
22 520 560 1,520 1,630
GENDER        
Male 1,410 1,330 3,060 3,500
Female 2,010 1,880 3,090 3,330
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,770 2,600 4,700 5,070
AIAN <100 <100 <100 140
Asian 330 280 230 260
Black or African American 320 340 850 890
NHOPI <100 <100 <100 <100
White 1,940 1,810 3,160 3,390
Two or More Races 160 140 370 360
Hispanic or Latino 660 610 1,450 1,760
EMPLOYMENT STATUS        
Full-Time 590 680 2,270 2,710
Part-Time 1,450 1,360 1,350 1,550
Unemployed 180 180 750 790
Other2 1,210 990 1,780 1,780
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Sample sizes in this table exclude a subset of respondents who did not complete the questionnaire. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 Other People include respondents not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
2 Other Employment includes students, people keeping house or caring for children full time, retired or disabled people, or other people not in the labor force.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
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Table 9.8A – Numbers (in Thousands) of People Aged 18 or Older; by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+1
(2021)
Aged 18+1
(2022)
On Probation
(2021)
On Probation
(2022)
Not on
Probation
(2021)
Not on
Probation
(2022)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2021)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2022)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2021)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2022)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 253,825 256,282 3,109 3,045 247,416 250,459 1,384 1,538 249,230 252,032
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 135,772 137,355 2,265 2,277 131,705 133,489 914 1,113 133,050 134,725
18-25 33,458 34,786 477 385 32,640 34,095 143 176 32,979 34,331
26-34 40,162 40,210 876 856 38,680 38,830 397 373 39,169 39,369
35-49 62,151 62,358 911 1,036 60,385 60,564 374 564 60,902 61,025
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 123,476 125,081 2,105 2,129 119,468 121,446 970 1,204 120,701 122,465
Male 18-49 67,519 68,764 1,544 1,520 64,903 66,391 680 826 65,770 67,184
Female 18 or Older 130,349 131,200 1,004 916 127,948 129,013 414 334 128,530 129,567
Female 18-49 68,253 68,591 721 758 66,802 67,098 233 286 67,280 67,541
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
NOTE: Estimates for 2021 may differ from previously published estimates because the 2021 analysis weights were updated to facilitate between-year comparisons. See the 2022 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Methodological Summary and Definitions for details.
1 The Aged 18+ column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.
230612
Table 9.8N – Survey Sample Sizes (Rounded to the Nearest 10) of Respondents Aged 18 or Older; by Past Year Probation and Parole/Supervised Release Statuses and Demographic Characteristics, 2021 and 2022
Demographic Characteristic Aged 18+1
(2021)
Aged 18+1
(2022)
On Probation
(2021)
On Probation
(2022)
Not on
Probation
(2021)
Not on
Probation
(2022)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2021)
On Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2022)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2021)
Not on Parole/
Supervised
Release
(2022)
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 56,610 56,610 690 710 54,860 55,150 290 340 55,260 55,540
AGE GROUP                    
18-49 43,070 43,760 640 650 41,580 42,490 260 300 41,960 42,860
18-25 16,460 17,170 240 230 15,920 16,730 <100 <100 16,080 16,880
26-34 11,420 11,430 200 220 10,960 11,030 <100 <100 11,080 11,160
35-49 15,190 15,150 200 200 14,690 14,730 110 110 14,790 14,830
GENDER/AGE GROUP                    
Male 18 or Older 25,100 25,070 420 460 24,190 24,270 190 240 24,430 24,500
Male 18-49 19,010 19,410 380 420 18,230 18,720 170 210 18,450 18,940
Female 18 or Older 31,510 31,540 280 250 30,660 30,890 110 <100 30,830 31,040
Female 18-49 24,060 24,350 260 240 23,340 23,770 <100 <100 23,500 23,920
-- = not available or not comparable due to methodological changes; da = does not apply; nr = not reported due to measurement issues.
1 The Aged 18+ column includes respondents with unknown past year probation or parole/supervised release status.
Definitions: Measures and terms are defined in Appendix A.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2021 and 2022.

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